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Medium and elements are together the materials the artist uses in creating a work of art. The element can be known only in some medium, but as an element it is independent of medium.

ELEMENTS OF VISUAL ARTS 1. Line 2. Value (light and dark) 3. Light and shadow 4. Color 5. Texture 6. Volume 7. Space (including perspective)

LINE – the simplest, most primitive, and most universal means for creating visual art. - often lines are felt and not seen, as when an object or a person points to something we do not see. • Straight Lines • Horizontal Line – line of non-action, rest, tranquility, quiet, relaxation and contemporary • Vertical Line – line of rest; pointed, balanced, forceful and dynamic • Diagonal Line – line of action for almost everything in action assumes a diagonal line • Curved Lines – show action, life and eneergy; maybe single or double, slow or quick VALUE – has to do with the amount of light in a given painting or graphic work of art. - relative degrees of light; indicates the degree of luminosity – the presence or absence of light LIGHT AND SHADOW (chiaroscuro) – light and shadow in painting or light and shade - a means oof modeling a figure in-depth, a means of articulating the form - in painting, the effect of light and shadow must be simulated, but in 3D arts, shadows occurs naturally under almost all light conditions. COLOR – all the effects obtained through line and value alone may be increased by the use of color. − colors may be warm or cold, advancing or retreating, light or heavy, attractive or repulsive, in tension or in suspension • Hue – the quality by which we distinguish one color from another • Primary hues are sets of colors that can be combined to make a useful range of colors (for human applications) • RGB – Red, Green, Blue (source color is light) • Red + Green = Yellow • Green + Blue = Cyan • Red + Blue = Violet • Red + Green + Blue = Light / White • CMYK – Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key (or Black) • Cyan + Magenta = Blue • Cyan + Yellow = Green

Magenta + Yellow = Red • Cyan + Magenta + Yellow = Black Traditional Primary Hues = Red, Yellow, Blue • Complementary Colors – pairs of colors that are of “opposite” or “contrast” to intensify one another.

TEXTURE – has to do with the perception of touch - the element that appeals to our sense of feeling thing – rough or smooth, bumpy or slippery, etc. - textures are primarily due to the differences in medium VOLUME – called “solidity”; the quality of an object which enables us to know that it has the thickness as well as length and breadth - perceive in two ways: by contour lights and by surface lights and shadows SPACE – architecture is primarily an art of space. The other arts exist in space; architecture uses space as one of its elements. • Perspective – Linear Perspective – has to do with the directions of lines and the size of the objects - Aerial Perspective – suggests that there is a distance from one point to another

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