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The Wiki Handbook - THE How To on Wiki, Complete Expert's hints and tips Guide by the leading experts, everything you need to know about Wiki

The Wiki Handbook - THE How To on Wiki, Complete Expert's hints and tips Guide by the leading experts, everything you need to know about Wiki

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Published by Emereo Publishing
Want to (start) using Wikis as Powerful Web Tools? Do you want to learn how to use the Technology to share information better and make users More Powerful? This book is your guide on Wikis and Everything You Want to Know but Are Afraid to Ask. This book clarifies how to use Wikis for Online Collaboration and apply The Power of the Read-Write Web.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive examples, references and links to get you started right away this book covers: What is Wiki, Wiki (software), History of wikis, Content management system, Mass collaboration, Support wiki, Universal edit button, Nupedia, UseModWiki, Wikipedia, List of online encyclopedias, List of wikis, List of wiki software, Comparison of wiki farms and a Comparison of wiki software.

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.
Want to (start) using Wikis as Powerful Web Tools? Do you want to learn how to use the Technology to share information better and make users More Powerful? This book is your guide on Wikis and Everything You Want to Know but Are Afraid to Ask. This book clarifies how to use Wikis for Online Collaboration and apply The Power of the Read-Write Web.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive examples, references and links to get you started right away this book covers: What is Wiki, Wiki (software), History of wikis, Content management system, Mass collaboration, Support wiki, Universal edit button, Nupedia, UseModWiki, Wikipedia, List of online encyclopedias, List of wikis, List of wiki software, Comparison of wiki farms and a Comparison of wiki software.

Topic relevant selected content from the highest rated wiki entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combine the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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Published by: Emereo Publishing on Aug 19, 2010
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Sections

  • Wiki
  • Wiki (software)
  • History of wikis
  • Content management system
  • Web content management systems
  • Mass collaboration
  • Support wiki
  • Universal edit button
  • Nupedia
  • UseModWiki
  • Wikipedia
  • List of online encyclopedias
  • List of wikis
  • List of wiki software
  • Comparison of wiki farms
  • Comparison of wiki software
  • Article Sources and Contributors
  • License

Wiki

PDF generated using the open source mwlib toolkit. See http://code.pediapress.com/ for more information. PDF generated at: Sun, 23 Aug 2009 23:29:58 UTC

Contents
Articles
Wiki Wiki (software) History of wikis Content management system Mass collaboration Support wiki Universal edit button Nupedia UseModWiki Wikipedia List of online encyclopedias List of wikis List of wiki software Comparison of wiki farms Comparison of wiki software 1 8 10 23 24 28 30 33 36 38 62 70 76 83 92

References
Article Sources and Contributors Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 116 125

Article Licenses
License 126

and for note taking. and documentation.[4] "Wiki" can be expanded as "What I Know Is. wiki entered the online Oxford English Dictionary. On March 15."[8] [9] Cunningham was in part inspired by Apple's Wiki Wiki Shuttle at Honolulu International Airport. According to Cunningham.com [7] on March 25. "I chose wiki-wiki as an alliterative substitute for 'quick' and thereby avoided naming this stuff quick-web.[2] [10] In the early 2000s. using a simplified markup language or a WYSIWYG text editor. Ward Cunningham. Common uses included project communication. Today some companies use wikis as their only collaborative software and as a replacement for static intranets. the developer of the first wiki software. WikiWikiWeb. who remembered a Honolulu International Airport counter employee telling him to take the "Wiki Wiki" shuttle bus that runs between the airport's terminals.Wiki 1 Wiki A wiki is a website that uses wiki software. Apple had designed a system allowing users to create virtual "card stacks" supporting links among the various cards. within the browser. and some schools and universities use wikis to enhance group learning. 1995. HyperCard. [11] . to power community websites. There may be greater use of wikis behind firewalls than on the public Internet. allowing the easy creation and editing of any number of interlinked Web pages. initially for technical users. originally described it as "the simplest online database that could possibly work. It was named by Cunningham.[5] History WikiWikiWeb was the first site to be called a wiki. wikis were increasingly adopted in enterprise as collaborative software. 2007.[1] [2] Wikis are often used to create collaborative websites."[3] "Wiki" (English pronunciation: /wiːkiː/) is a Hawaiian word for "fast". The collaborative encyclopedia → Wikipedia is one of the best-known wikis. and installed it on the Internet domain c2." but this is a backronym.[2] Wikis are used in business to provide intranet and knowledge management systems. intranets. Cunningham developed Vannevar Bush's ideas by allowing users to "comment on and change one another's text".[6] Ward Cunningham started developing WikiWikiWeb in 1994.

Generally. with fewer and simpler conventions than HTML. in their book The Wiki Way: Quick Collaboration on the Web described the essence of the Wiki concept as follows: • A wiki invites all users to edit any page or to create new pages within the wiki Web site. there is no review before modifications are accepted. The style and syntax of wikitexts can vary greatly among wiki implementations. there are some benefits. starting a line of text with an asterisk ("*") is often used to enter it in a bulleted list. to create a "wiki-signature" cookie for signing edits automatically. Instead. Limited access to CSS promotes consistency in the look and feel and having JavaScript disabled prevents a user from implementing code. while the entire collection of pages. which may limit access for other users. with its many cryptic tags. for indicating style and structure. and co-author Bo Leuf. some of which also allow HTML tags. is not very legible. Although limiting access to HTML and cascading style sheets (CSS) of wikis limits user ability to alter the structure and formatting of wiki content. it seeks to involve the visitor in an ongoing process of creation and collaboration that constantly changes the Web site landscape. Sometimes logging in for a session is recommended. Private wiki servers require user authentication to edit pages. MediaWiki syntax Equivalent HTML Rendered output . which are usually well interconnected by hyperlinks. Many edits. This can facilitate abuse of the system. can be made in real-time and appear almost instantly online. Wikis therefore favour plain text editing.Wiki 2 Characteristics Ward Cunningham. is "the wiki". and searching through information. however. in a simple markup language using a web browser. the structure and formatting of wiki pages are specified with a simplified markup language. • Wiki promotes meaningful topic associations between different pages by making page link creation almost intuitively easy and showing whether an intended target page exists or not. and sometimes even to read them. A single page in a wiki website is referred to as a "wiki page". • A wiki is not a carefully crafted site for casual visitors. A wiki is essentially a database for creating. A defining characteristic of wiki technology is the ease with which pages can be created and updated. using only a plain-vanilla Web browser without any extra add-ons. Editing wiki pages There are many different ways in which wikis have users edit the content. browsing. making it hard to edit. The reason for taking this approach is that HTML. For example. Many wikis are open to alteration by the general public without requiring them to register user accounts. Ordinarily. A wiki enables documents to be written collaboratively. sometimes known as "wikitext".

" "You mean you can't take less." Alice replied in an offended tone: "so I can't take more. "< / p> < p>" Y o u m e a n y ou c a n 't t a k e < i > l e s s< / i> . Most wikis have a backlink feature. It is not inserted into the article. It is typical in a wiki to create links to pages that do not yet exist. wikis are making "WYSIWYG" ("What You See Is What You Get") editing available to users. very earnestly." (Quotation above from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll) < p>" T a ke s o m e m o r e <a h r e f = " / w i k i / T e a "t i t l e = " T e a "> t e a< / a> . Navigation Within the text of most pages there are usually a large number of hypertext links to other pages." Increasingly. " s a i d t h e H a t t e r : " i t ' s v e r y e a s y t o t a k e < i > m o r e< / i > t h a n n o t h i n g . However." the March H a r e s a i d t o A l i c e . and the user is shielded from this technical detail. into the corresponding HTML tags or wikitext. This means that authors can revert to an older version of the page. " t h e M a r c h H a r e s a i d t o A l i c e . Wikis generally provide one or more ways to categorize or tag pages to support the maintenance of such index pages." the March Hare said to Alice. users can also create any number of index or table of contents pages. " " Y o u m e a n y o u c a n ' tt a k e ' ' l e s s ' ' .< / p> < p > " I ' v e h a d n o t h i n g y e t . That said. allowing users to explain what has been done and why. this is similar to a log message when committing changes to a revision control system. the markup of a newly edited." said the Hatter: "it's very easy to take more than nothing. "A l i c e r e p l i e d i n a n o f f e n d e dt o n e : " s o I c a n ' t t a k e m o r e . should it be necessary because a mistake has been made or the page has been vandalized. "< / p> 3 "Take some more tea. These may be challenging to maintain by hand.v e r y e a r n e s t l y .v e r y e a r n e s t l y . marked-up version of the page is generated and submitted to the server transparently. but is stored along with that revision of the page. as a way to invite others to share what they know about a subject new to the wiki. usually by means of JavaScript or an ActiveX control that translates graphically entered formatting instructions. This is a short piece of text (usually one line) summarizing the changes. WYSIWYG controls do not always provide all of the features available in wikitext. In those implementations. such as "bold" and "italics". . Most wikis keep a record of changes made to wiki pages. as multiple authors create and delete pages in an ad hoc manner. which displays all pages that link to a given page.Wiki "Take some more [[tea]]. Many implementations (for example MediaWiki) allow users to supply an "edit summary" when they edit a page. often every version of the page is stored." I ' v e h a d n o t h i n gy e t . " s a i dt h e H a t t e r : " i t ' sv e r y e a s y t o take ''more'' than nothing. " A l i c e replied i n a n o f f e n d e d t o n e :" s o I c a n ' t t a k em o r e . "I've had nothing yet. This form of non-linear navigation is more "native" to wiki than structured/formalized navigation schemes. with hierarchical categorization or whatever form of organization they like.

As a result. allowing him or her to verify the validity of new editions quickly." It is possible for a wiki to render the visible anchor for such links "pretty" by reinserting spaces. or a set of pages. However. Originally. and possibly also reverting to lower case. While CamelCase makes linking very easy. is the "Recent Changes" page—a specific list numbering recent edits. rather than making it difficult to make them. keeps its quality. A regular wiki user can view the diff of an edit listed on the "Recent Changes" page and. most wikis used CamelCase to name pages and create links. [14] In case unacceptable edits are missed on the "recent changes" page. they provide a means to verify the validity of recent additions to the body of pages. It can be monitored to ensure that a page. These are produced by capitalizing words in a phrase and removing the spaces between them (the word "CamelCase" is itself an example). it also leads to links which are written in a form that deviates from the standard spelling. Thus. between two revisions. For example. The most prominent. the so-called "link pattern" (also see CURIE). this reprocessing of the link to improve the readability of the anchor is limited by the loss of capitalization information caused by CamelCase reversal. this process is more or less streamlined. depending on the wiki software used. or a list of edits made within a given time frame. Using the revision history. restoring a previous revision. and some disable CamelCase by default. [15] ." There is no easy way to determine which capital letters should remain capitalized.[13] From the change log. other functions are accessible in most wikis: the revision history shows previous page versions and the diff feature highlights the changes History comparison reports highlight the changes between two revisions of a page. if it is an unacceptable edit. some wiki engines provide additional content control. while wikis are very open. many wikis now have "free linking" using brackets. consult the history." whereas "PopularMusic" should be rendered as "popular music. Trust and security Controlling changes Wikis are generally designed with the philosophy of making it easy to correct mistakes. CamelCase-based wikis are instantly recognizable because they have many links with names such as "TableOfContents" and "BeginnerQuestions. on almost every wiki. The diff feature can be used to decide whether or not this is necessary.[12] Some wikis can filter the list to remove minor edits and edits made by automatic importing scripts ("bots"). "RichardWagner" should be rendered as "Richard Wagner.Wiki 4 Linking and creating pages Links are created using a specific syntax. an editor can view and restore a previous version of the article. A person willing to maintain pages will be warned of modifications to the pages.

while proponents argue that the community of users can catch malicious content and correct it. The content is stored in a file system. on most wikis. external search engines such as Google can sometimes be used on wikis with limited searching functions in order to obtain more precise results. The scalability of the search depends on whether the wiki engine uses a database. it seems to work very [6] well. For instance. a search engine's indexes can be very out of date (days. known as "trolling". making damage easy to undo rather than attempting to prevent damage. summarizes the controversy as follows: “ Most people. does not ensure that every editor is well-meaning. The only likely outcome would be ugly graffiti and simple tagging. where the characters added/eliminated are so few that bots do not identify them and users do not pay much attention to them. weeks or months) for many websites. personal wikis run as a standalone application on a single computer. some wikis allow unregistered users. allowing anyone to edit content. and changes to the content are stored in a relational database management system. to edit content. For example: WikidPad. In larger wiki sites. Vandalism can be a major problem. In this way vandalism can be limited to just "minor vandalism" or "sneaky vandalism". Some wikis require an additional waiting period before gaining access to certain tools. allowing web pages to be created and edited using a common web browser. Alternatively. and many artistic efforts would not be long lived. Most wikis allow anonymous editing without an account. Indexed database access is necessary for high speed searches on large wikis. whilst others limit this function to just registered users. vandalism can go unnoticed for a period of time. such as those run by the Wikimedia Foundation. Larger wikis often employ sophisticated methods. such as bots that automatically identify and revert vandalism and JavaScript enhancements that show characters that have been added in each edit. Wikis tend to take a soft security[16] approach to the problem of vandalism. Software architecture Wiki software is a type of collaborative software that runs a wiki system. on the English . Alternatively. and sometimes a full-text search. For example. when they first learn about the wiki concept. However. It is usually implemented as an application server that runs on one or more web servers.Wiki 5 Searching Most wikis offer at least a title search. It sounds like offering free spray cans next to a grey concrete wall. Wikis by their very nature are susceptible to intentional disruption.[17] but give registered users additional editing functions. [2] Lars Aronsson. identified by their IP addresses. Still. The amount of vandalism a wiki receives depends on how open the wiki is. Trustworthiness Critics of publicly editable wiki systems argue that these systems could be easily tampered with. ” Security The open philosophy of most wikis. becoming a registered user is a short and simple process. a data systems specialist. assume that a Web site that can be edited by anybody would soon be rendered useless by destructive input.

some of which can also make private. PBwiki.Wiki Wikipedia. 6 Communities User communities Many wiki communities are private. There are also numerous small-scale educational communities using the Wiki software or variants. and Wikia are popular examples of such services. Basically.nu. Other wikis such as the Portuguese Wikipedia use an editing requirement instead of a time requirement. Wetpaint.[20] Other large wikis include the WikiWikiWeb. A delegate wiki is a wiki that agrees to have certain content delegated to that wiki. allowing anyone with a computer and internet access to edit it. Note that free wiki farms generally contain advertising on every page. For those interested in creating their own wiki. One way of finding a wiki on a specific subject is to follow the wiki-node network from wiki to wiki. registered users can only rename pages if their account is at least four days old. whilst the latter requires the users' real name and a biography of themselves. "closed up" wikis are more secure and reliable but grow slowly. a conference dedicated to research and practice of Wikimedia Foundation projects like Wikipedia. the philosopher Martin Cohen predicted that this 'bottom-up' model would in due course supersede the ambitious "libraries of All Knowledge' like Wikipedia and Citizendium. making it grow rapidly. Wikitravel.[21] . The first is extremely open. affecting the growth of the wiki but creating an almost "vandalism-free" ambiance. Memory Swedish-language knowledge base. another is to take a Wiki "bus tour". They are usually organized as neighbors and delegates. password-protected wikis. see List of wiki farms. Alpha. an conference dedicated to wiki research and practice in general • Wikimania. Socialtext. particularly within enterprises. The English language Wikipedia has the largest user base among wikis on the World Wide Web[19] and ranks in the top 10 among all Web sites in terms of traffic. A neighbor wiki is simply a wiki that may discuss similar content or may otherwise be of interest. a Research communities Wikis are an active topic of research. There also exist WikiNodes which are pages on wikis that describe related wikis. there are publicly available "wiki farms".[21] In an April 2009 article for the London Times Higher academic newspaper. They are often used as internal documentation for in-house systems and applications. whilst more open wikis grow at a steady rate but result in being an easy target for vandalism. granting extra tools after the user has made a certain number of edits to prove their trustworthiness and usefulness as an editor. A clear example of this would be that of Wikipedia and Citizendium. Domain names containing "wiki" are growing in popularity to support specific niches. Two well-known wiki conferences are • The International Symposium on Wikis (WikiSym). World66 and Susning. Wikidot's 'Philosophical Investigations' is one of the better known. for example: Wikipedia's Tour Bus Stop [18]. For more information.

instruction videos. Times Higher Education.com/cgi-bin/mb. html)". .html)". 2006-09-20. Retrieved 2007-03-09. Graeme (2007-03-01).britannica. Retrieved 2008-09-19. Inc. WikiWikiWeb. Encyclopædia Britannica. slides. Oxford University Press. [6] (Ebersbach 2008. p. accessed April 13. . ISBN 3540351507 . • → List of wikis • Massively distributed collaboration • → Support wiki • Universal Edit Button References [1] wiki. . Retrieved 2007-03-09.com/EBchecked/topic/1192819/wiki)". 178) [15] (Ebersbach 2008. [10] Cunningham. n.wikipedia. • Ebersbach.htm)".asp?sectioncode=26&storycode=406100&c=1). [11] Diamond.org/wiki.com/cgi/wiki?WikiWikiHyperCard)". March 2007) Requires Paid Subscription [2] " wiki (http://www. [20] " Alexa Web Search – Top 500 (http://www. Retrieved 2008-08-11. etc.com/surveys/displaystory. Springer Science+Business Media. 9 April 2009 (http://www. Ward (2002-06-27). Retrieved 2008-04-15.com/doc/etymology.com/moolelo/hwnwdshw. WikiWikiWeb.oed.uk/story.co. 2008-04-03. 2009. Ward (2003-11-01).cgi?WhatIsWiki)". " Correspondence on the Etymology of Wiki (http://c2. . " March 2007 new words. S23Wiki. " Wiki Wiki Hyper Card (http://c2.usemod. Retrieved 2007-03-09. p. quizzes. .Wiki 7 See also • → Comparison of wiki software • → Content management system • List of learning resources – courses.alexa. . [5] " The wiki principle (http://www. " What is a Wiki (http://www. related to Wikipedia and other Wikis. [4] " Hawaiian Words.org/w/index.com/cgi/entry/50293088) Oxford English Dictionary (draft entry.pl?SoftSecurity)". . [9] Cunningham. Retrieved 2008-04-10. OED (http://dictionary. 20) [13] (Ebersbach 2008. . Alexa Internet. WikiWikiWeb. 108) [18] http://en. or not?' by Martin Cohen. p.com/site/ds/top_sites?ts_mode=global&lang=none)". Hawaiian to English (http://www.php?sort=users_desc&th=8000&lines=500)". Retrieved 2007-04-07. . Anja (2008). [17] (Ebersbach 2008. Retrieved 2007-03-09. p.wiki. Ward (2007-07-26).mauimapp. 2007.php?title=Wikipedia%3ATourBusStop [19] " WikiStats by S23 (http://s23. 54) [14] (Ebersbach 2008. p. 109) [16] " Soft Security (http://www. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 1.com/ [8] Cunningham. timeshighereducation. " Wiki History (http://c2. WikiWikiWeb. Wiki: Web Collaboration. . (http://dictionary. Retrieved 2007-03-16. UseModWiki. [3] Cunningham. p. Ward (2008-02-25). [21] 'Font of all wisdom.com/cgi/wiki?WikiHistory)".com/news/ newwords. [12] (Ebersbach 2008. London: Encyclopædia Britannica. 10) [7] http://c2.economist.oed. text books.cfm?story_id=6794228)". .org/wikistats/largest_html.

) like those in TikiWiki CMS/Groupware (which is a Wiki-CMS hybrid). • WikiMatrix (http://www. ISBN 1591841933. John Wiley & Sons. the first wiki • Wikipatterns. which can often make them easier to install.howstuffworks. ISBN 020171499X.com/intv/wiki. ISBN 0470223626. at the expense of the more powerful control over layout seen in → content management systems (CMS) like Drupal.htm) at HowStuffWorks.html) An interview with Ward Cunningham. providing APIs which allow programmers to develop new features without requiring them to be familiar with the entire codebase. and Joomla! or at the expense of non-wiki features (news articles.com/cgi/wiki?WelcomeVisitors). Many wikis are highly modular. The software required to run a wiki might include a web server such as Apache. MediaWiki. by Bill Verners. Websites running such programs are themselves referred to as → wikis. in addition to the wiki program itself. for example. . and a guide to major stages of wiki adoption that explores patterns to apply at each stage. • Leuf. • Tapscott. blogs.. ranging from very simple "hacks" implementing only core functionality to highly sophisticated → content management systems.com/display/wikipatterns/Wikipatterns) A toolbox of patterns and anti-patterns. Stewart (2007-12-10). are developed collaboratively. requires no separate web server at all [2] .wikimatrix. TWiki. Don (2008-04-17). The primary difference between wikis and more complex types of content management systems is that wikis tend to focus on the content.wikipatterns.com (http://www.Wiki 8 Further reading • Mader. The Wiki Way: Quick Collaboration on the Web. A wiki system is usually an application server that runs on one or more web servers. The content is stored in a file system. Bo (2001-04-13). Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything.artima. MojoMojo. Addison-Wesley.. TikiWiki CMS/Groupware and the Wikipedia engine. In some cases the web server and wiki program are bundled together as one self-contained system. • Exploring with Wiki (http://www. • WikiWikiWeb (http://c2. Wiki (software) A wiki is a type of collaborative software program that typically allows web pages to be created and collaboratively edited using a common web browser. a large number of implementations now exist. Web-based The first such system was created by Ward Cunningham in 1995[1] . WebGUI. but given the relative simplicity of the wiki concept.org/) website for comparing wikis. large engines such as PmWiki. and changes to the content are stored in a relational database management system. The majority of wikis are free and open source software. Portfolio Hardcover.com/wiki. External links • Wikis (http://computer. Wikipatterns.

One simple approach involves making a copy of the wiki database and then viewing it read only. November 2004) How to choose a Wiki [8] Cunningham & Cunningham.g. More complex schemes for offline editing require synchronization of changes when the network is back online. Mobile Mobile wiki software is an extension of web-based wikis optimized for mobile devices. Inc Extensive list of wiki software [9] Cunningham & Cunningham. ikiwiki. although a list of lead candidates include TWiki. PmWiki. Inc Free tool to verify the security of a self-hosted wiki [10] Wikitext standard — Meta discussion on a proposed standard wikitext format . XWiki. TikiWiki CMS/Groupware is a popular Wiki-CMS hybrid. See also • • • • • → List of wiki software → Comparison of wiki software List of collaborative software → Comparison of wiki farms → List of wikis External links • • • • • • WikiMatrix: Comparing Multiple Wiki Engines Side-by-Side [6] Comparison of different wiki software [7] (Article. MoinMoin. e. Offline Various approaches to providing wiki function when the user is not on the net have been tried. These applications are often referred to as desktop wikis or personal wikis. This is done by providing a version of the web site with conservative HTML coding optimized for the limited function browsers on devices like the BlackBerry [4] or iPhone[5] . DokuWiki and MediaWiki (Google [3] trend history comparison ).Wiki (software) It is hard to determine which wiki applications are the most popular. 9 Personal Some wiki applications are not intended for collaborative work. Traction TeamPage and Atlassian Confluence are popular on intranets. TWiki. One approach to doing this is using a distributed revison control system as a backend of the wiki. especially mobile phones. but for personal information organizing or content management.

when the success of the free content encyclopedia → Wikipedia introduced wikis to the general public. After 2001 the number of wiki websites and the varieties of wiki engines (software implementations) increased exponentially. Ward Cunningham's first wiki met with immediate success. which he called WikiWikiWeb (using the Hawaiian word "wiki" in place of "quick").com/article/19955/ Socialtext_Optimizes_Wiki_for_Mobile_Users?contentId=19955&slug=&). tuaw. CIO Magazine. One of the earliest precursors was Vannevar Bush's vision of a microfilm hypertext system which he called the "memex" (1945). retrieved 2008-09-20 [5] W2: a little iPhone wiki (http://www.wikimatrix. Cunningham went public with the first wiki in early 1995. and quickly spawned "wiki clones.onlamp. Other precursors were an early collaborative hypertext database called the ZOG (1972). which is the name used to refer to a website with pages that can be edited by any visitor. Wikis remained largely unknown outside of circles of software developers until around 2001.google. Addison-Wesley (April 2001) ISBN 020171499X [2] MojoMojo .tuaw. The conflict was resolved by the creation of the "SisterSites" MeatballWiki and WhyClublet as separate forums for discussion. However. In the meantime the WikiWikiWeb evolved rapidly as features were added to the software and as the growing body of users developed a unique "wiki culture.com/cgi/wiki?WikiEngines [10] http://sucuri. In order to facilitate communication between software developers. retrieved 2008-09-20 [6] http://www. April 5 2006.org/documentation/ deployment#Deployment_without_a_web_server) [3] http://www. There now exist thousands of wiki websites and hundreds of wiki engines. and the Apple Computer hypertext system called HyperCard (1987).com/cgi/wiki?ChoosingaWiki [9] http://c2.Wiki (software) 10 References [1] The Wiki Way. the creation of the first wiki website only became possible with the development of the hypertext protocol of the World Wide Web (1991) and graphical web browsers such as the Netscape Navigator (1994). and also to experiment with the new hypertext capabilities. Ward Cunningham created the first wiki. Quick collaboration on the Web. .Deployment without a web server (http://mojomojo.com/trends?q=TWiki%2C+MoinMoin%2C+PmWiki%2C+MediaWiki%2C+DokuWiki& ctab=0&geo=all&date=all [4] Socialtext Optimizes Wiki for Mobile Users (http://www. July 15 2007.org [7] http://www.html [8] http://c2.net/?page=scan History of wikis There were several historical antecedents to the wikis. but at first remained confined to these specialised groups.com/pub/a/onlamp/2004/11/04/which_wiki. inviting a selected group of programmers to participate in the experiment. The use of wiki websites was rapidly adopted by communities of free software developers." By 2000 the number of contributors to Ward Cunningham's website had grown so large that conflicts developed between those who wanted to restrict the discussion to computer programming and those who wanted to discuss issues relating to the functioning of the wiki itself.com/2007/07/15/w2-a-little-iphone-wiki/)." alternative versions of the wiki software.cio.

. graphics and images. who obtained access to it after joining Apple Computer. People and Projects that are mentioned on the Front Page of Cunningham's original wiki. spun off a company from CMU in 1981 and developed an improved version of ZOG called Knowledge Management System (KMS). Because the database was distributed and accessible from any workstation on a network.[1] Another precursor of the wiki concept was the ZOG multi-user database system. Description and Links. any of which could be linked to other frames. [2] Ward Cunningham traces the wiki idea back to a which was later called HyperCard. released by Xerox in 1985.. and the items are permanently joined…. the WikiWikiWeb. permitting users to modify the contents of frames. at any time. Document Examiner was in turn the model for the Note Cards system. The fields in HyperCard were WYSIWYG editors. Note Cards was the inspiration for Bill Atkinson's WildCard. enabling them to work concurrently on shared structures (documents. HyperCard stack that he wrote in the late 1980s. • cards for projects where people share ideas. It had three fields: Name. each containing a title. Thereafter. • cards for people who hold ideas. developed in 1972 by researchers at Carnegie-Mellon University.). KMS was a collaborative tool based on direct manipulation. . Cunningham abandoned regular stack links and used search-on-demand . Two members of the ZOG team. a line with standard ZOG commands. the other can be instantly recalled merely by tapping a button below the corresponding code space. and a set of selections (hypertext links) leading to other frames. freely intermixing text. Moreover. In an article for the journal Atlantic Monthly from the year 1945 titled As we may think. Cunningham used HyperCard to make a stack with three kinds of cards: • cards for ideas. However. combined with a separate browser and navigator window. a description." a microfilm reader which would create automated links between documents.) Cunningham made a single card that would serve for all uses. changes became visible immediately to other users. created in 1985 for the operation manuals of Symbolics computers. rather than a feature that is specific to wikis. [2] The "ZOG" system was the model for Janet Walker's Document Examiner. (One can recognise here the Patterns. which will be taken advantage of by all wikis. when numerous items have been thus joined together to form a trail. programs. Note Cards is a hypertext system that features scrolling windows for each note card. hypertext is a general feature of all World Wide Web applications. Donald McCracken and Robert Akscyn. when one of these items is in view. projected onto adjacent viewing positions… The user taps a single key. they can be reviewed in turn…" This vision clearly foresees the hypertext mechanism. The ZOG interface consisted of text-only frames. Vannevar Bush described how he imaged the future experience of the user: "Before him are the two items to be joined. but linking was a pain that involved moving between both cards. [3] The influence of HyperCard on wiki inventor Ward Cunningham Ward Cunningham was introduced to HyperCard (then called WildCard) by Kent Beck.History of wikis 11 Pre-1994 Historical antecedents of the wiki concept A distant precursor of the wiki concept was Vannevar Bush's vision of the "memex.

In May 1992 appeared ViolaWWW. [3] The WikiWikiWeb was intended as a collaborative database. marking the debut of the Web as a publicly available service on the Internet. Cunningham wrote the software to run it using the Perl programming language. Normally one would type links into the Links field. and animation. when the Repository was functioning. which changed its name to Netscape in April 1994. " Cunningham replied: "Actually. or beep otherwise. which gained wide popularity due to its strong support of integrated multimedia and the authors’ rapid response to user bug reports and recommendations for new features. He named it using the alliterative Hawaiian word wiki-wiki. In 1990 Tim Berners-Lee of CERN built the first hypertext client. which he called World Wide Web (it was also a Web editor). a particular approach to object-oriented programming. which means "quick-quick. It's a web of people. Projects [3] and Patterns. dedicated to People. Early adopters of the World Wide Web were primarily university-based scientific departments or physics laboratories. In Wikipedia the equivalent feature is called "red links". com. in order to make the exchange of ideas between programmers easier. but rather content-free. a higher priority for me is completing a first cut at my repository. In a surviving email received by Ward Cunningham on 6 November 1994." to avoid calling it "quick-web". However. projects and patterns accessed through a cgi-bin script.ch).hypertext newsgroup. Cunningham sent to a colleague the following email. and the first hypertext server (info.) [4] 12 The World Wide Web sets the stage for the first wiki Ward Cunningham's first wiki was made possible by the hypertext capabilities of the World Wide Web."[5] A few months later.History of wikis instead. Post-WikiWikiWeb (1994-2001) The creation of WikiWikiWeb. It has a . If you held the button down. a website containing documentation about Design Patterns.I've put up a new database on my web server and I'd like you to take a look. In 1991 he posted a short summary of the World Wide Web project on the alt. Its creators formed Mosaic Communications Corporation. scripting. the server administrator Randy Bush wrote: "You will find the web stuff started and running. (One can recognise here the traditional wiki feature by which a new page is opened for editing whenever one clicks on any new word formed in camel-case.com. 1995: Steve -. dated March 16. the turning point for the World Wide Web was the introduction of the Mosaic graphical browser in 1993. the first wiki Ward Cunningham started developing the WikiWikiWeb in 1994 as a supplement to the Portland Pattern Repository. You can send folk to … http:/ / c2. The stage was set for the appearance of Ward Cunningham's WikiWikiWeb. It is in the directory /usr/local/etc/httpd/htdocs. When using the card. That same month CERN agreed that anyone could use the Web protocol and code for free. each link had a button that would take you to the card if it existed. it would relent and go make the card for you. and the browser was developed further as Netscape Navigator. a graphical browser providing features such as embedded graphics. [3] Cunningham installed a prototype of the software on his company Cunningham & Cunningham's website c2.cern.

a pretty good clone of it is public at: http:/ / c2. developed in 1997 by Peter Merel. but those who implemented changes generally chose to distribute the modified versions on their own sites. – Ward [5] Cunningham dates the official start of WikiWikiWeb as March 25. particularly given the loose structure of the projects.History of wikis forms based authoring capability that doesn't require familiarity with html. It was fully integrated with Concurrent Version System (CVS) software. [3] On May 1. conversation is [6] possible." Visitors were requested to register on the wiki before they took the Wiki Base code. programmers soon started several other wikis to build knowledge bases about programming topics. a group of software developers gathered under the name "Hillside Group" to develop Erich Gamma's use of object-oriented patterns (inspired by Christopher Alexander's use of patterns in architecture). called Wiki Base. I'd be very pleased if you would get on and at least enter your name in RecentVisitors. com/ cgi-bin/ wiki. and he proposed instead to collect ideas in a set of pages which would be collectively edited. The URL is http:/ / c2. Projects and Patterns that have changed the way they program. It's not quite a chat. This note was posted to the “Patterns” listserv. thereby providing unlimited undo and no edit collisions. using the RexxLanguage. I'm going to advertise this a little more widely in a week or so. due to both the newness of the World Wide Web and the good slate of invited authors." The site was immediately popular within the pattern community. Cunningham had noticed that the older contents of the listserv tended to get buried under the more recent posts. The announcement said: "WikiWikiWeb is almost public. CvWiki was the first Wiki Base clone to have functioning transclusion and backlinks. [3] One of the early clones of Wiki Base was CvWiki. Wikis became popular in the free and open-source software (FOSS) community. I'm asking you because I think you might also add some interesting content. a wiki-literate programming system that I think you will like. Cunningham’s post stated: “The plan is to have interested parties write web pages about the People. which caused an [3] increase in participation. being used only by specialists." He added: "Think of it as a moderated list where anyone can be moderator and everything is archived. where they were ideal for collaboratively discussing and documenting software. Actually. and announced WikiWikiGoesPublic. 1995 he sent to a number of programmers an InvitationToThePatternsList . Cunningham expected users to fold changes back into his editable version.[7] Initial wiki websites for software development Inspired by the example of the WikiWikiWeb. I've translated almost all of the actual wiki script into HyperPerl.Thanks and best regards. still. However. 1995. PatrickMueller wrote probably the first WikiWikiClone. [3] 13 Initial WikiWiki software clones Clones of the WikiWikiWeb software were soon developed. [3] . [3] Ward Cunningham wrote a version of wiki that could host its own source code. com/ cgi/ wikibase. these early software-focused wikis failed to attract [8] widespread public attention. .

and all discussion text on the Talk page. Stan Silver used this reverse index technology to [11] provide lists of the categories: "Go to the CategoryCategory page and press its title to [12] see all categories. PeopleIndex: pages to help users know who was contributing • 1995 NotSoRecentChanges: excess lines from the RecentChanges page were (manually) copied to a file of "ChangesIn<Month>" • 1996 EditCopy: offers the possibility to edit the backup copy of a page (this was replaced • • • • • in 2002 with Page History) 1996 ThreadMode: the form of a page where community members hold a discussion." It consists of a series of signed comments added down the page in chronological order. such as the Algorithms RoadMap or the Leadership RoadMap 1999 ChangeSummary: an aid to telling which changes added interesting new content and which were only minor 2000 UserName: the Wiki will accept a cookie that specifies a User Name to be used in place of the host name (IP identity) in the RecentChanges log defined as "a form of discussion where our community holds a "ThreadMode" is conversation. each signing their own contribution 1996 WikiCategories: categories can be added as an automatic index to pages 1997 RoadMaps: proposed lists of pages to consult about specific topics." [11] [10] . many of which were proposed by the community of users. When ThreadMode becomes incomprehensible the result is called ThreadMess. writing: "Chronological is only one of many possible organizations of technical writing and rarely the best one at that. 1996.) The Categories were proposed by Stan Silver on August 27. Ward Cunningham's statistics about disk-usage show the following progression in the number of 1k blocks consumed by WikiWikiWeb pages: [3] • Nov 29 1994: • Dec 15 1995: 2426 • Dec 1 1996: 5134 • Dec 31 1997: 10600 • Mar 25 1998: 14554 • Dec 2 2000: 62919 Some of the major innovations within WikiWikiWeb from 1995 to 2000." Ward Cunningham had originally created Wiki with the capability to click on the title of a page to see which pages pointed to it. and then snowballed between 1998 and 2000.History of wikis 14 Growth and innovations in WikiWikiWeb from 1995 to 2000 The WikiWikiWeb grew steadily from 1995 to 1998." [9] Cunningham encouraged contributors to "refactor" (rewrite) the ThreadMode discussions into DocumentMode discourse. then the category and topic [12] pages themselves can be used as automatic indexes into the pages. Ward Cunningham generally frowned on ThreadMode. His initial post suggested: "If everyone adds a category and topic to their page. (On Wikipedia the conflict between these two modes has been resolved by putting all document text on the main page of an article. In practice many pages started out at the top in DocumentMode and degenerated into ThreadMode further down. were: [3] • 1995 RecentVisitors.

and posting the result to the ChangeSummary page. It would be followed by another.History of wikis Initially Stan Silver had proposed both categories and topics: categories denoted what the page was about (a book. and would have preferred to see it all replaced by concise guidance to newcomers. designed to reduce the RecentChanges clutter. Smalltalk). Sam Gentile worked at Microsoft and had been hurt by what he perceived as anti-Microsoft bias on WikiWikiWeb. and the disk space consumed by wiki pages more than quadrupuled. [3] Around the summer of 1999 a Wiki user known as SamGentile posted the comment "I'm through here" on his user page. a term which would come to denote a general type of action. [11] 15 The ChangeSummary began as an aid to telling which changes added interesting new content." which was put onto pages as a request not to talk about ExtremeProgramming on that page. its nature. (The ChangeSummary is the ancestor of the Wikipedia feature whereby an editor can enter a line of descriptive text when saving changes to a page. while topics denoted the contents of the page (Java. The primary focus of WikiWikiWeb was supposed to be on computer programming design patterns. tried to reduce the [14] amount of text on Wiki by a large number of deletions. and WikiWikiWeb was referred to as WardsWiki instead of the PortlandPatternRepository. This practice was highly time-consuming and rapidly petered out. This event became referred to as the WikiMindWipe. Keith Braithwaite. Richard Drake. With increased participation tensions began to appear. In 1998 proponents of Extreme Programming showed up on the WikiWikiWeb and started posting comments about ExtremeProgramming on most of the pages related to software development. punctuation. extreme programming. and began systematically removing his text from all pages on WikiWikiWeb that he had contributed to. annotating each line with a brief description of each change. They mainly attacked the "soft target" of WikiOnWiki material. starting independently. His deletions led to controversy about whether he had the right to remove his own material. which is defined as "Wiki pages devoted to Wiki. and users who strayed too far from the focus were considered by some to be [16] WikiSquatting . It started when some users began taking the RecentChanges page." They considered this material to be dead weight. It was the first case of massive deliberate deletions of text on the WikiWikiWeb. which meant developing their own separate community within the WikiWikiWeb. a pattern). [13] On the morning of Friday 14 April 2008 four Europeans. and so the topics were collapsed into the categories. people ignored this separation. The term has come to represent a general approach to Wiki editing. or correction of web links. those advocating a contrary . Eventually most of the DesignPatterns people left to discuss patterns on their own wikis. but was replaced by the "MinorEdit/RecentEdits" feature. leading to the tag "XpFreeZone. a person. This annoyed a number people who wanted to talk about patterns. and which were just minor adjustments of spelling.) [3] Tensions within WikiWikiWeb and the creation of SisterSites Between early 1998 and the end of 2000 participation in WikiWikiWeb snowballed. [15] form and postulated future development. The group that made the deletions became known as the WikiReductionists. However. and Manfred Schaefer. which in this particular case had taken the form of WikiSuicide. and whether others had the right to put it back in (which some began to do). Stephan Houben.

discussion and voting before any controversial deletion of an article.[21] 16 Post-Wikipedia (2001-present) The creation of Wikipedia Until 2001 wikis were virtually unknown outside of the restricted circles of computer programmers.com. [14] (On Wikipedia the equivalent terms are inclusionist and exclusionist. with the original text stored in flat-files rather than in a database. Wikipedia includes several million freely-usable articles and pages in hundreds of languages worldwide. The Wiki Way. A vote was taken of where the Wiki users stood on this issue.History of wikis approach being called WikiConstructionists. The writing of content for Nupedia proved to be extremely slow. a free on-line encyclopedia founded by Jimmy Wales. Wikipedia attracted new participants after being mentioned on Slashdot as well as in an article on the community-edited website Kuro5hin. In the first year of its existence. Wikipedia was originally conceived as a complement to → Nupedia. and with articles named using the CamelCase convention UseModWiki was replaced by a PHP wiki engine in January 2002 and by MediaWiki in July 2002. Learning of the wiki concept. In 2001 WikiWikiWeb founder Ward Cunningham and user Bo Leuf published a book.)[17] [18] Contributors who were outraged by the deletions of the WikiReductions began copying all of the deleted text back in again. so Wikipedia was launched on its own domain. over 20. Wales and Sanger decided to try creating a collaborative website to provide an additional source of rapidly-produced draft articles that could be polished for use on Nupedia. which distilled the lessons learned during the collective experience of the first → wiki. on January 15 2001. a free content encyclopedia that can be edited by anyone. or deletionist. with a stub of the moved page left on the WikiWikiWeb. Richard Drake created the WhyClublet (or "Why?") wiki to host discussion of Christian issues.000 encyclopedia entries were created. with an opportunity [14] for response before action is taken. Wikis were introduced to the general public by the success of Wikipedia. In an amicable resolution to the conflict. containing a link to the new page and the message: "This page exists only on SisterSites." The [3] implementation of SisterSites at the level of changes to the Wiki script dates from 2001. As of 2008. which requires announcement. with articles written by highly qualified contributors and evaluated by an elaborate peer review process. It is one of the most popular web sites . It initially ran on → UseModWiki software. Many pages were moved from WikiWikiWeb to these alternative sites. It quickly overtook Nupedia. and the rate of growth has generally increased steadily since the inception of the project. Larry Sanger. Sunir Shah created MeatballWiki and invited all those who were interested in WikiOnWiki discussions to post their comments there. despite a mailing-list of interested editors and the presence of a full-time editor-in-chief recruited by Wales.) Critics of the WikiReductionists accused them of escalating a flame war to the level of a [19] [20] ForestFire . Nupedia's editors and reviewers resisted the idea of associating Nupedia with a wiki-style website. wikipedia. It was proposed that any "reductions" should be pre-announced. The longer-term result of the attack was the formation of WikiWikiWeb Sister Sites. (This was a distant precursor of the Wikipedia deletion policy. and content from millions of contributors. A few months later. with only 12 articles completed during the first year.

developed in 1997 by Peter Merel. is flat-file wiki software built around JavaServer Pages (JSP). Another early wiki engine was JosWiki. [23] JSPWiki. which was the first Wiki clone to have functioning transclusion. MoinMoin uses the idea of separating the parsers (for parsing the wiki syntax) from the formatters (for outputting HTML code). and WayBackMode. such as Wikipedia's own MediaWiki. The initial version was a feature-for-feature reimplementation of the original WikiWikiWeb at c2. It is primarily used for company and university intranets as a project wiki or a knowledge management application. It uses a ZODB Object Database. One installation of a swiki allows a large number of virtual wikis to be created through the administrative interface using any web browser. It is used at the Georgia Institute of Technology for collaborative group web pages. backlinks. Sun Microsystems has integrated JSPWiki into their portal server software. It used flat-files. which means that the data is stored in plain text files instead of in a database. [22] TWiki was created in Perl by Peter Thoeny in 1998. but a database system can have more capabilities than a flat-file system. It was developed by Simon Michael. Due . A Swiki has its own web server and consists of the Virtual Machine (VM) file. 17 Development of wiki software to the end of 2002 Clones of the WikiWikiWeb software began to be developed as soon as Ward Cunningham made the Wiki Base software available online. created by Janne Jalkanen in 2001. with an interface between them.[24] Swiki was written in Squeak by Mark Guzdial and Jochen Rick in 1999. created in Python by Jürgen Hermann and Thomas Waldmann in mid-2000. is based on the Zope web application server (it can also co-exist with the Plone content management system). Joyful Systems and contributors from around the world. developed by an international group of Java programmers who were trying to create a free and open Java Operating System (JOS).History of wikis and extensively used reference sites worldwide. MoinMoin. using flat files and doing away with versioning (Martin Pool felt that a wiki is not meant to be a document-management system). JSPWiki adapted and extended the Php wiki markup. It is a flat-file wiki with a simple code base but many possible extensions. Subsequent versions adopted many features from UseModWiki. was initially based on PikiPiki. UseModWiki is a flat-file wiki written in Perl. → UseModWiki was developed from 1999 to 2000 by Clifford Adams. written in Python in 1999.com. which makes it often the wiki of choice for many open source projects and corporate wikis. [25] [26] PhpWiki. It was based on Markus Denker's AtisWiki. [23] Zwiki. based on JosWiki. which was in turn based on Peter Merel's CvWiki. It introduced the square bracket syntax for linking words [27] that was later adopted by many other wiki engines. an image file. and a set of files and folders with templates and the virtual wikis. created by Steve Wainstead in 1999 was the first wiki software written in PHP language. so that new output formatters can be written. Twiki was aimed at large corporate Intranets. (Flat-files allow a more rapid system than does the more complicated storage of pages in a database. It was made to be a small program. and all parsers using the interface will be automatically supported.)[23] [24] PikiPiki was created by Martin Pool in 1999 as a rewrite of WikiWikiWeb in Python Language. One of the early clones was CvWiki.

Though developed primarily in Php. Customization is made easy through a wide selection of custom extensions. As Wikipedia grew to one of the world's largest websites. so Crocker re-wrote the software with a more scalable MySQL database backend. and became inactive in 2006. . It was one of the largest projects being developed under Php5 when that language was still in early development. and Exif metadata. Internationalization has also received significant attention by MediaWiki developers (the user interface has been translated into more than 70 languages). One innovation for structuring content is "namespaces. Unlike most other early wikis. coWiki used a markup language similar to that of TWiki. [23] 18 Development of wiki software after 2002 After 2002 the number of wiki engines continued to grow exponentially. has spawned at least five forks: CitiWiki. Gorski in 2002. and extending customization to the user with selectable skins and themes. image galleries and thumbnails. It is a flat-file wiki engine that was designed to be easy to install and customize as an engine for creating professional web sites with one or many content authors. MediaWiki lacks native WYSIWYG support. MediaWiki provides specialized syntax to support rich content. The MediaWiki program was written for Wikipedia in 2002 by Lee Daniel Crocker. One of the earliest differences between MediaWiki and other wiki engines was the use of freely formatted links instead of links in CamelCase. such as rendering mathematical formulas using LaTeX." Namespaces allow each article to contain multiple sheets with different standard names: one sheet presents the encyclopedic content. It suffered from a mysterious bug called the "bad magic" bug. UniWakka. many people also use it as a Personal Information Manager (PIM). TikiWiki is modular with components that can be individually enabled and customized by the TikiWiki administrator. easy-to-modify open source wiki engine named WakkaWiki. For example. PmWiki offers a template scheme that makes it possible to change the look and feel of the wiki. Its components incorporate several other open source projects and applications. achieving scalability through multiple layers of caching and database replication became a major concern for the developers. the number of namespaces in a wiki typically remains low. WikiNi and WikkaWiki. known as "recipes" available from the PmWiki Cookbook. Manske's PHP-based software suffered load problems due to increased use. graphical plotting. as new commercial products were introduced. but comes with a graphical toolbar to simplify editing. TikiWiki has some JavaScript code. and as new open-source projects continually forked off of existing ones. while having itself been discontinued 2004. TikiWiki is an international project. WackoWiki. It will run on any server and supports several possible databases. based on the user interface design of an earlier PHP wiki engine developed by Magnus Manske. TikiWiki was created in Php language by Luis Argerich in 2002. EditMe was proprietary. It is designed as a CMS and Groupware application enabling websites on the Internet and on intranets. coWiki was developed by Daniel T. providing translations of the interface in several languages. EditMe was developed by the EditMe company in 2002. While new namespaces can be added. the small. another contains the discussions surrounding it.History of wikis to its easy installation. PmWiki was created in Php language by Patrick Michaud in 2002. and so on. It was built on Java (hosted) elements. with a MySQL database.

[27] MeatballWiki provided key contributions to a series of innovations in the linking together of wikis which included: [30] [31] • • • • InterWikiMap on WikiWikiWeb provided a simple InterWiki linking system (2000) [32] MetaWiki. sellers of proprietary software. one early wiki was created by the FoxPro company. Late in 1999 he began running test versions of his own → UseModWiki engine. including: • support for various wiki markup styles • editing of pages with a GUI editor. wysiwyg HTML. Clifford Adams began running a wiki for his Usemod Project in 1999 using AtisWiki. dedicated to online communities. Around the same time.com website. the usage of wikis was rapidly adopted by free software development groups. In 2000 Arno Hollosi contributed heavily to development of PhpWiki because he was interested in running a wiki for the game Go (he created Sensei's wiki in 2002. In April 2000 Adams invited Sunir Shah to install the MeatballWiki on the usemod. MeatballWiki rapidly became a popular wiki for discussions of online communities and WikiOnWiki topics. the WhyClublet (or "Why?") wiki was forked from WikiWikiWeb to host discussion of Christian issues. wikis incorporated many of the features used on other websites and blogs. However. produced by spammers who enter website addresses onto wikis in order to improve the ranking of the displayed websites by search engines. [28] 19 Development of wiki websites to the end of 2003 After the creation of the first wiki website WikiWikiWeb in 1995.History of wikis As they developed. Various strategies have been developed to counter wikispam. It contains travel-related articles covering destinations around the world. specific applications such as LaTeX • optional use of external editors • support for plugins and custom extensions • use of RSS feeds • integrated email discussion • precise access control • spam protection Around 2005 wikis began to be massively confronted with wiki spam. as described below). FoxPro Wiki was founded in 1999 by Steven Black and evolved into a popular site with many pages. A wiki forum was created in 1999 for discussion of newly-created PhpWiki software. [29] World66 was a Dutch company which tried to transform the open content idea into a profitable business. This became one of larger software-related wikis. and in 2000 he created the UseModWiki as forum to discuss the UseModWiki software. for several years participation in wikis was restricted to these specialised programming communities. using the same UseModWiki software. The website was founded in 1999 by Richard and Douwe Osinga. the idea of having one wiki distributed across several servers [34] . the idea of a wiki that helps people find other wikis [33] TourBus project (summer 2002) OneBigWiki (2002). MeatballWiki was a friendly fork from the WikiWikiWeb. While many early wiki websites were devoted to the development of open source software. All of the articles are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence.

it is easier for individuals and tourism agencies to make free reprints of individual pages. Wikinfo (formerly Internet-Encyclopedia) is a fork of the English Wikipedia initiated by Fred Bauder in July 2003. While Wikipedia and Wikitravel are both free content resources. Thus Wikinfo can host a set of articles about a particular topic. The project was launched in June 2003 during the JavaOne developer conference. The Enciclopedia Libre was founded by a group of contributors to the Spanish-language Wikipedia. It aims to produce a directory of public relations firms and industry-funded organizations that influence public opinion and public policy on behalf of corporations. Susning places advertisements on practically all its articles. It is part of the java. cannot legally use Susning materials contributed by others without permission. created in October 2001 by Lars Aronsson. It has become one of the largest wikis. content cannot be freely copied between them because of the incompatible licenses. such as Wikipedia contributors. → Wikipedia's English edition was launched on above).net wiki. thereby implementing the MetaWiki and SwitchWiki ideas [35] • WikiNode. another way to implement InterWiki Sensei's Library. . Since it uses the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike license. governments and special interests. but is not a Wikimedia project.nu is a Swedish language wiki." Susning is an encyclopedia. Aronsson's aim for Susning is "to make it into what the users want it to be. Wikitravel was inspired in part by Wikipedia. It is one of the largest and most active wikis on the internet outside of the Wikipedia project. and contributions remain copyrighted by their submitters (the right to modify is said to be implicit in the site's function). SourceWatch (formerly Disinfopedia) is the wiki website of the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD). It was launched by Sheldon Rampton in March 2003. Their stated reasons for the split were that they rejected censorship and were against a proposal to put advertising on the wiki. led by Edgar Enyedy. dedicated to discussion of the game of Go. Javapedia is a project openly inspired by Wikipedia. each presenting a particular point of view. a dictionary. It has no license agreement. Wikinfo's policy is to edit for either a sympathetic point of view or a critical point of view. They seeded the new website with the freely licensed articles of the Spanish-language Wikipedia. and a discussion forum about any concept of interest to its users. rather than the GNU Free Documentation License used by Wikipedia. and linked to the others at the top of the article. The content of Sourcewatch is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. Unlike Wikipedia. It is in direct competition with the Swedish Wikipedia. [36] Wikitravel was started in July 2003 by Evan Prodromou and Michele Ann Jenkins. 2001 (see separate section 20 Susning. The Project aims at creating an online encyclopedia covering all aspects of the Java platform. Third parties. Rather than adopting Wikipedia's neutral point of view editorial policy. was created by Morten G. Pahle and Arno Hollosi in October 2000. an actual wiki listing other wikis. which is promoted by Sun Microsystems as the central meeting place for the Java community. 2002 to start an independent project. a wiki. who left Wikipedia on February 26. January 15.History of wikis • SwitchWiki (2003): the idea of having one site where one can switch between wikis [35] • WikiIndex.

Other wiki websites created in 2003 include: • • • • • CommunityWiki CraoWiki EmacsWiki FractalWiki GründerWiki [26] 21 Development of wiki websites after 2003 Since 2003 the number of wiki websites has grown at an exponential rate. In addition to an ever-increasing number of new wiki websites on the Internet. Many wikis created after 2003. It has become one of the largest wiki projects. are hosted by Wikia. Memory Alpha is a wiki devoted to the Star Trek fictional universe. It also allows original research. It was launched by Harry Doddema and Dan Carlson in December 2003. covering an enormous range of topics. See also • • • • • • • → Comparison of wiki software History of Wikipedia → List of wiki software → List of wikis meta:List of largest wikis → Wiki WikiWikiWeb External links • • • • • • • WikiHistory page on WikiWikiWeb [37] [38] WikiMindWipe discussion on WikiWikiWeb WikiReductionist story on WikiWikiWeb [39] [40] WikiHistory page on MeatballWiki Cunningham's note suggesting creation of WhyClublet [41] [9] Canonical list of wiki engines on WikiWikiWeb Wiki engine Hall of Fame on WikiWikiWeb [42] .History of wikis WikiZnanie is a Russian language encyclopedia (znanie is Russian for knowledge) created in 2003 by Andrey Vovk. especially on pop cultural topics. WikiZnanie differs from the Russian Wikipedia project by licensing under the FreeBSD Documentation License (instead of GFDL) and by displaying commercial ads on article pages. which Wikipedia prohibits. there has been increasing use of corporate wikis on intranets behind firewalls.

pl?ForestFire) [21] Ward Cunningham and Bo Leuf.com/cgi/wiki?InterWikiMap) [33] Meatball Wiki: MetaWiki (http://usemod.pl?ForestFire [20] Meatball Wiki: ForestFire (http://www.org/web/19961129234150/c2. Why it’s not a wiki world (yet).org) [29] Wiki FAQ . Wikis: tools for information work and collaboration.com/cgi/wiki?ThreadMode) [10] Thread Mess (http://c2. "As we may think".com/cgi-bin/mb.pl?OneBigWiki) [35] Switch Wiki (http://c2.txt [6] Robert E. http://weekendamerica.com/c/c/why?WhyWouldOneBother [42] http://c2.com/cgi-bin/mb. The Wiki Way. and Why Do I Care? A Short and Usable History of Wikis (http://www. ISBN 1843341794 p.usemod.com/wiki/mail-history. 2001 [22] Jos Wiki (http://c2. wildwiki.com/cgi/wiki?WikiHistory) [4] Wiki Wiki Hypercard (http://c2.usemod. 46 [37] http://c2. 1945.com/cgi/wiki?WikiEngineHallOfFame .WikiNodes (http://wikinodes. Cummings. Klobas.com/wc. 14 March 2005 [9] Thread Mode (http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?JosWiki) [23] Comparison of wiki software [24] Top Ten Wiki Engines (http://c2.chongqed.com/cgi-bin/mb.com/cgi/wiki?WikiMindWipeDiscussion [39] http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?HistoryOfCategories) [12] AboutCategoriesAndTopics (http://web.org/programs/2007/01/ 20/marked_for_deletion.com/cgi/wiki?TopTenWikiEngines) [25] Piki Piki (http://c2.org wiki: WikiHome (http://wiki.com/t/03881190874 [8] Andy Szybalski.com/cgi/wiki?WikiWikiOrigin) [3] Wiki History (http://c2.net/moin.123exp-technology.com/cgi/wiki?ThreadMess) [11] History Of Categories (http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?PikiPiki) [26] Meatball Wiki: WikiHistory (http://www.com/cgi-bin/mb.com/cgi/ wiki?AboutCategoriesAndTopics) [13] Wiki Mind Wipe Discussion (http://c2._and_Why_Do_I_Care?_A_Short_and_Usable_History_of_Wikis ) [7] http://www.com/cgi/wiki?WikiWikiHypercard) [5] http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WikiHistory [38] http://c2.cgi/ ProgressionOfWikiOrganization) [31] Inter Wiki (http://c2.usemod.com/cgi-bin/mb.taoriver.com/cgi/wiki?WikiSquatting [17] http://meta.Visual FoxPro Wiki (http://fox.com/cgi/wiki?InterWiki) [32] Inter Wiki Map (http://c2.wiki.dll?Wiki~WikiFAQ~Wiki) [30] ProgressionOfWikiOrganization .com/cgi/wiki?WikiMindWipeDiscussion) [14] Wiki Reductionists (http://c2.pl?WikiHistory [41] http://clublet.publicradio.History of wikis 22 References [1] Vannevar Bush.pl?WikiHistory) [27] UseModWiki [28] chongqed.com/cgi-bin/mb. php?title=⠀€WhatWas_a_Wiki.net/mediawiki/index.com/cgi/wiki?WikiOnWiki) [16] http://c2. What Was a Wiki.wikis. Angela Beesley.pl?MetaWiki) [34] Meatball Wiki: OneBigWiki (http://usemod.com/doc/194507/bush) [2] Wiki Wiki Origin (http://c2.archive.com/cgi/wiki?WikiReductionists) [15] Wiki On Wiki (http://c2.org/wiki/Transwiki:Constructionism_and_reductionism_%28wiki%29 [18] Marked for Deletion. Chandos. (http://www.usemod. 2006.com/cgi/wiki?SwitchWiki) [36] Jane E.html [19] http://www.theatlantic. National Public Radio.com/cgi/wiki?WikiReductionists [40] http://www.wikimedia.

technical manuals. Web content management systems A 'web content management' (WCM) system is a CMS designed to simplify the publication of Web content to Web sites. electronic documents. The content managed may include computer files. search.Content management system 23 Content management system A content management system (CMS) such as a document management system (DMS) is a computer application used to manage work flow needed to collaboratively create. and Web content. with their respective domains of use: • • • • • • Enterprise CMS (ECMS) Web CMS (WCMS) Document management system (DMS) Mobile CMS Component CMS Media content management system Enterprise content management systems An enterprise content management (ECM) system is concerned with content. and publishing industry-specific documentation such as news articles. versioning. image media. Electronic Content Management and so on. operators' manuals. with a workflow if required. Types of CMS There are six main categories of CMS. with all its diversity of format and location. audio files. sales guides. details and records related to the organizational processes of an enterprise. The purpose is to manage the organization's unstructured information content. There are various nomenclatures known in this area: Web Content Management. and marketing brochures. video files. edit. review. Digital Records Management. Digital Asset Management. documents. . These concepts represent integrated and interdependent layers. index. The bottom line for these systems is managing content and publishing. controlling. CMSs are frequently used for storing. publish and archive various kinds of digital media and electronic [1] text. in particular allowing content creators to submit content without requiring technical knowledge of HTML or the uploading of files.

Modularity allows different "blocks" to be easily assembled. Mass collaboration Mass collaboration is a form of collective action that occurs when large numbers of people work independently on a single project. facilitating decentralised innovation that all fits together. Due to the extremely general characteristics and lack of need for fine grain negotiation and consensus when cooperating. .contentmanager. Retrieved 2008-05-18.Content management system 24 See also • • • • • • • Content management Digital asset management Document management system Enterprise content management Flash CMS List of content management systems Semantic wiki References [1] " What is a Content Management System. Conversely. Factors Modularity Modularity enables a mass of experiments to proceed in parallel. group members involved in a cooperation needn't engage in a joint negotiation of understanding. Thus a mass collaboration is more refined and complex in its process and production on the level of collective engagement. which provide a potentially infinite hypertextual substrate within which the collaboration may be situated. Another important distinction is the borders around which a mass cooperation can be defined.eu. the entire internet. they may simply execute instructions willingly. . each proposing different solutions. often modular in its nature. or CMS? (http://www. A key aspect which distinguishes mass collaboration from other forms of large-scale collaboration. is that the collaborative process is mediated by the content being created .as opposed to being mediated by direct social interaction as in other forms of collaboration.htm)".com/history. with different teams working on the same modules. a city and even the global economy may be regarded as a mass cooperation. Such projects typically take place on the internet using social software and computer-supported collaboration tools such as → wiki technologies. [1] Differences Cooperation Mass collaboration differs from mass cooperation in that the creative acts taking place requires the joint development of shared understandings.

Government The power of Mass-collaboration is evidenced by the scope and accuracy of the Wikipedia project. Of course the conceptual domain of the overall discussion exists as a single unified body. He argues that governments as we know them will be dissolved and replaced by the collaborative efforts of the entire world population. coherent body.how mass collaboration changes everything [5]. Amazon's Mechanical Turk system follows this model. however the textual contributors can be linked back to the understandings and interpretations of a single author. individual posts generated through turn-taking communication means the textual content does not take the form of a single. . Don Tapscott and Anthony D Williams list four powerful new ideas that the new art and science of wikinomics is based on: • being open • peering • sharing • acting globally The concept of mass collaboration has led to a number of efforts to harness and commercialize shared tasks. chat session or group discussion in that the discussion's structure of separate. the fact that there was only one author of a given entry reduces the entry's collaborative complexity to the discursive/interpretive as opposed to [2] [3] [4] constructive/‘negotiative’ levels Coauthoring From the perspective of individual sites of work within a mass collaboration. mass collaboration differs from a large forum. Collectively known as crowdsourcing. it is. the activity may appear to be identical to that of coauthoring. by enabling employers to distribute minute tasks to thousands of registered workers. Though the author's understandings and interpretations are most certainly a negotiation of the understandings of all who read and contribute to the discussion.Onge discusses the opportunities that mass collaboration presents to the world in achieving a global democracy. bulletin board. email list.net [6]. Changes Business In the book Wikinomics .a coherent collaboration emerging from the interrelated collection of its parts. with the exception being the implicit and explicit relationships formed by the interdependence that many sites within a mass collaboration share through hypertext and coauthorship with differing sets of collaborators. In fact. these ventures typically involve on an online system of accounts for coordinating buyers and sellers of labor. This interdependence of collaborative sites coauthored by a large number of people is what gives a mass collaboration one of its most distinguishing features . Kevin St. On his website Mass-Collaboration.Mass collaboration 25 Online forum Although an online discussion is certainly collaborative.

IRC (chat) and email lists often support and augment this negotiation. http://www. nrc-cnrc. Stojanovic (2006). (2008-03-05). Most "anonymous" folk songs and "traditional" tunes are also arguably sites of long term mass collaboration.pdf.uk/ radio4/factual/thinkingallowed/thinkingallowed_20080305. Retrieved 2008-03-12. London.bbc. • Laurie Taylor (Presenter). However it is possible to contribute (to → Wikipedia for instance) without discussing the content you are contributing to.1145/1149453. the code collaboratively created still exists as a language utilizing a textual medium. Gonzalez. fora. Proceedings of the WIKISym: 19. however. ISBN 9781861978929. Désilets. shared understandings (the essence of collaboration). • A. there is no immediate reason why this form of collective action couldn't work in other creative media. Charles (2008). acting as a point of mediation between the individual collaborators and the outcome which may or may not eventuate from the discussions. UK: BBC Radio 4. [7] . In addition to such points of discussion. M. Paquet. We-Think – Mass innovation not mass production. "Translation the Wiki Way ".) For an example of a discussion accompanying mass collaboration. It could be argued that some projects within the open source software movement provide examples of mass collaboration outside of the traditional written language (see below). http://iit-iti. as most (if not all) mass collaborations have discussions associated with the content being developed.Mass collaboration 26 The role of discussion In traditional collaborative scenarios discussion plays a key role in the negotiation of jointly developed. S. Proceedings of Translating and the Computer.ca/iit-publications-iti/docs/NRC-48736. It is of course debatable that discussion is optimal. "Translation Wikified: How will Massive Online Collaboration Impact the World of Translation?". (Smaller scale collaborations might be conducted without discussions especially in a non-verbal mode of work . Profile Books. Further reading and listening • A. doi:10.co. Désilets (2007). • Leadbeater. Event occurs at start. see the [Israel talk page].imagine two painters contributing to the same canvas . for instance on live performance recordings where audience members' voices have become part of the standard version of a song.shtml. Charles Leadbeater (Guest).but the situation becomes increasingly problematic as more members are included. Music is also a possible site for mass collaboration.gc. Mass collaboration reverses this relationship with the work being done providing the point of mediation between collaborators.1149464 [8]. [Radio]. with associated discussions being an optional component. Thinking Allowed [9] . L. Non-textual mass collaboration Although the only widely successful examples of mass collaboration thus far evaluated exist in the textual medium.

represents a radical new modality of content creation by massively distributed collaboration.Mass collaboration 27 References [1] http://www. [5] http://wikinomics. slaughtering some and banishing some.doi. Imagine what you could do with the world's mightiest computer (http:// www.businessweek. viii. and promoting to honour any one who professes to be the people's friend. ” "democracy comes into being after the poor have conquered their opponents.co.1149464 [9] http://www. while to the remainder they give an equal share of freedom and power. 2007-12-24.com/magazine/content/07_52/b4064048925836.linux. 1964). "the forgiving spirit of democracy.org/10.com/ [6] http://www. never giving a thought to the pursuits which make a statesman.html) And see generally Eric Havelock. 1957). and the 'don't care' about trifles.nrc-cnrc. and the disregard which she shows of all the fine principles which we solemnly laid down at the foundation of the city. This talk will discuss the unique principles and values which have enabled the Wikipedia community to succeed and will examine the intriguing prospects for application of these methods to a broad spectrum of intellectual endeavors [3] Cover story: Google's Next Big Dream.bbc.9. The Liberal Temper in Greek Politics (London: Jonathan Cape.uk/radio4/factual/thinkingallowed/thinkingallowed_20080305.com/archive/feature/130024?theme=print “ The sudden and unexpected importance of the Wikipedia.ca/iit-publications-iti/docs/NRC-48736. and this is the form of government in which the magistrates are commonly elected by lot..1145%2F1149453.pdf [8] http://dx.mass-collaboration. BusinessWeek.. mit.net [7] http://iit-iti. (New Haven: Yale University Press. a free online encyclopedia created by tens of thousands of volunteers and coordinated in a deeply decentralized fashion.htm?chan=magazine+channel_top+ stories).shtml .. "in what manner does tyranny arise? — that it has a democratic origin is evident.viii. mit." (http:/ / classics... 9. edu/ Plato/ republic... htmlhttp:/ / classics.. edu/ Plato/ republic. how grandly does she trample all these fine notions of ours under her feet.gc.

info. "War and Consequences" [10]. . InternetNews. the Los Angeles Times [9] attempted to supplement coverage of the Iraq War by using wiki software to publish an opinion article.0: Wachovia Turns To Wikis. The newspaper subsequently removed it after combating spam and underestimating the overall adolescent nature of some users on the web. [6] McDougall. .htm#author)". [1] [2] This type of → wiki. This kind of information repository enables many types of support to include technical support.com. The flexibility of implementing public facing wiki website can be disastrous if not done correctly.internetnews. [2] " How Wikis Are Transforming Knowledge Management (http://www.jhtml. as wiki's themselves.[5] Wachovia has turned to using wiki's and other Web 2.cioinsight. Retrieved 2009-08-12. collaboration between organizations or entities therein. [3] " Why Wikis Are Conquering The Enterprise (http://www.jsessionid=0VLIGUKE0CZQ0QSNDLPSKH0CJUNN2JVN?articleID=167600331&pgno=2& queryText=)". . Gartner analysts predicted by 2009 that over 50 percent of US companies will be using wiki's and according to a survey by IBM in March 2005. [4] http://www. part of the Information Week Business Technology network. and 80 percent of CEOs see collaboration as [3] being critical to growth. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 2005-08-08. . Ittoday.com/xSP/article.ittoday. InformationWeek.info/Articles/ How_Wikis_Are_Transforming_Knowledge_Management. performed a thorough test of several wiki software distributions for the aforementioned needs.com/news/internet/web2. It is a means of capturing and stimulating innovation from the collective and using it towards an organizations goals. Network Computing [7]. This consensus among Chief Information Officer's.com/ [5] " The Wiki Way to Better IT Managed Services (http://www.com/news/management/ showArticle. and forecasts by technology research consultants is suggestive of the growing acceptance and use of wiki software within organizations. Ittoday. [8] Given the nature of a support wiki within an organization. Retrieved 2009-08-12. commercial distributions based on the type of support required from wiki software. [6] Support wiki's can operate on any available wiki software. un-hosted service wiki distributions.php/3640486)".Support wiki 28 Support wiki Support Wiki's are implemented as a form of contextual knowledge management primarily to facilitate a commune-based information repository.info. as well as open source vs. " Enterprise 2. Paul (2008-06-11).0 (http://www. Blogs To Support Growth — Enterprise 2.0 software to connect its more than 100.000 users. rather than a single dictatorial authority. In June 2005.[3] Recently Forty-four percent of those surveyed by CIO Insight [4] in November 2007 agreed that technologies that "gather and present the wisdom of crowds" will be among the most important technological developments in 2012-2017. project management and even gaming.info/Articles/WikiWay.informationweek. The function of wiki software as implemented in a support wiki is aimed at user.0/showArticle. Retrieved 2009-08-12. it may be a public or private-facing website. are commune-based by nature and are dependent on the collective contribution of the whole. surveys by technology companies. [11] References [1] " How To Use Wikis For Business — Wikis (http://www. It has also done so to retain institutional knowledge as older workers retire by preserving their experience in digital form.ittoday. In their evaluation they noted that is important to consider hosted service vs.informationweek. or client support within an organization.htm)". .

com/ news/management/showArticle.com/ channels/collaboration/showArticle. Informationweek. 29 .6259238.0. Retrieved 2009-08-12. . Retrieved 2009-08-12.com.com/channels/collaboration/showArticle. .networkcomputing. " How To Use Wikis For Business — Wikis (http://www.story [11] Goodnoe.latimes. Network Computing.jhtml?articleID=167600331&pgno=1&queryText=&isPrev=)". 2006-03-30.latimes. [9] http://www.jhtml?articleID=184400516&pgno=1&queryText=)". InformationWeek.informationweek.jhtml?articleID=184400516& pgno=1&queryText= [8] " Review: Wikis In The Enterprise — Messaging & Collaboration (http://www.com/ [10] http://www.Support wiki jhtml?articleID=208403368)".com/news/opinion/la-ed-iraq17jun17.networkcomputing. [7] http://www. Retrieved 2009-08-12. . Ezra (2005-08-08).

and an invitation to those who have yet to discover the thrill of building a common resource." A screenshot from WikiIndex. Jack Herrick. As this kind of public editing becomes more commonplace. . Brion Vibber and other programmers. and many others.org [1] The Universal Edit Button is a green pencil icon in the address bar of a web browser that indicates whether a web page (most often a → wiki) is editable.Universal edit button 30 Universal edit button Original author(s) Initial release Platform Type Website Travis Derouin (of wikiHow) 19 June 2008 cross-platform Extension for web browsers universaleditbutton. in order to have the UEB displayed for their sites. the button may become regarded as a badge of honor. After coding by Travis Derouin.[2] the button was officially Description The Universal Editing Button (UEB) allows a web surfer to quickly recognize when a site — such as a → wiki — may be edited. It is similar to the orange "broadcast" RSS icon (" ") that indicates that there is a web feed available. "it is a convenience to web surfers who are already inclined to contribute. including Ward Cunningham. Clicking the icon opens the edit window. It was invented by a collaborative team of wiki enthusiasts.org showing the Universal Edit Button in action. launched on June 19 2008. It serves as an incentive to encourage companies and site developers to add publicly-editable components to their sites. According to the UEB's creators. The concept was first conceived during the 2007 RecentChangesCamp in Montréal.

edu/breadcrumbs/node/38)".org/UniversalWikiEditButton) — AboutUs. got excited about the ability to have the button automatically detected by browsers. Retrieved 2009-03-17. . Retrieved 2009-06-11. Mark Dilley (AboutUs. Everyone web surfed but few got to enjoy web editing. Retrieved 2009-03-17. DokuWiki. " plugin:ueb (http://www. Andreas (2008-06-20). and helped spread the idea. The web became primarily a "read only" medium. Wikimedia Commons and all other Wikimedia projects) [7] . . Over the years. but is not necessarily intended as a permanent choice. wikiTravel and Wikia demonstrates that open editing creates usable information resources. DokuWiki[8] . and discussions continued on the AboutUs wiki. the Creative Commons wiki [11] . Socialtext [9] . The success of → Wikipedia.dokuwiki. [3] Tim Berners-Lee (2005-12-12). WikkaWiki[13] . Websites Websites supporting the Universal Edit Button include WikiHow. PBwiki [12] . . . MoinMoin.org. [4] " About the Universal Edit Button (http://universaleditbutton. [4] 31 History Conversations on this idea started at RoCoCo[5] (a RecentChangesCamp) in Montreal in [6] 2007. → wiki practitioners and other edit-friendly folks spread the idea that the web should be editable by anyone at any time.wikimedia. Rocococamp. MediaWiki software. The current icon was selected after a lengthy discussion involving multiple suggestions. Retrieved 2009-03-17. Retrieved 2009-03-17. Retrieved 2009-03-17. Wikimedia (including → Wikipedia.org [7] " Wikimedia announcement (http://blog. TWiki [10] . and the increasing utility of wikis like wikiHow. very few web sites offered users the ability to write or edit. Oddmuse.org).org/plugin:ueb)". Wikia. PhpWiki.csail. Wired's How-To blog.wikimedia.aboutus. Memory Alpha.org/About)". " So I have a blog (http://dig. "Read only" sites are increasingly adding the ability for anyone to participate. web users are becoming more adept and creative in the tools that allow information to be shared. [5] " RoCoCo (http://rocococamp. At the Palo Alto RCC in 2008.Universal edit button Tim Berners-Lee's initial vision for the web was a read-write medium.[3] Yet as the web matured. Decentralized Information Group (DIG). Blog.org/2008/06/19/firefox-3-and-the-wiki-edit-button/)".info)". 2008-04-30. Martin (2008-06-19). Universaleditbutton.org. Wikis appear in enterprise software products and in consumer offerings. .info. .org.[14] and WordPress (as a Plug-in) [15] .mit. WikiSym. . a handful of people explored the idea. AboutUs. [8] Gohr. and Peter Kaminski (Socialtext). Wiktionary. AboutUs. Foodista. [6] Discussions on the AboutUs wiki (http://www.org. External links • The Universal Edit Button homepage [1] • A podcast on the Universal Edit Button [16] by Ward Cunningham (inventor of the wiki).wikisym. " The Universal Edit button launches today (http://www.org/?p=37)". • Universal Edit Button at Mozilla Addons [17] • The Epiphany extension [18] References [1] http://universaleditbutton. As the Internet becomes more editable by the day.org/Universal_Edit_Button [2] Cleaver.

com/ blog/2008/06/a-universal-edit-button-for-th.org/cgi-bin/view/Blog/ 2008-06-20-universal-wiki-edit-button-for-twiki)". Retrieved 2009-03-17. 2008 11:21 PM (2008-06-28).pbwiki. Retrieved 2009-03-17. .org. [13] " WikkaWiki announcement (http://docs.com. Blog. Universaleditbutton. Creativecommons. [11] " Creative Commons announcement (http://creativecommons. . Retrieved 2009-03-17.org/WhatsNew1166)". 2008-06-22.wikkawiki.mozilla.com/2008/06/20/the-universal-edit-button/)". [16] http://siliconflorist.socialtext. Twiki. Retrieved 2009-03-17.wikkawiki.html)".Universal edit button [9] Niall Kennedy June 28. Socialtext.sipsolutions.net/Projects/epiphany-extensions 32 .com. Docs. Retrieved 2009-03-17.com/blog/ Wikis_Rally_Around_Universal_Edit_Button) — Webmonkey [15] " WordPress plugin (http://universaleditbutton. Retrieved 2009-03-17. . .org.org/weblog/entry/8387)".org/WordPress_plugin)". .com/2008/06/27/ universal-edit-button-ward-cunningham-mark-dilley-and-peter-kaminski/ [17] https://addons. [12] " PBwiki announcement (http://blog.pbwiki.org. [10] " TWiki announcement (http://twiki.webmonkey. " Socialtext announcement (http://www.org.org/en-US/firefox/addon/7804 [18] http://johannes. [14] Wikis Rally Around Universal Edit Button (http://www. .

[5] From its beginning. Unlike Wikipedia. [5] Initially the project used a homegrown license.[7] This attracted interest from both sides. Nupedia produced 24 articles[2] that completed its review process (three articles also existed in two versions of different lengths). succeeded by → Wikipedia Nupedia was an English-language Web-based encyclopedia whose articles were written by experts and licensed as free content. with Larry Sanger as editor-in-chief. designed to make its articles of a quality comparable to that of professional encyclopedias. and 74 more articles were in progress. GNUPedia never really developed and the threat of competition between the projects was averted. In January 2001. [4] By November 2000. Spanish. As Wikipedia grew and attracted contributors.[1] The project officially went online on March 9. Wales began thinking about an online encyclopedia built by volunteers and. Nupedia was not a → wiki. only two full-length articles had been published.com. As a result. it switched to the GNU Free Documentation License at the urgings of Richard Stallman and the Free [6] Software Foundation. it quickly developed a life of its own [4] Nupedia's Original HTML logo . Nupedia lasted from March 2000[1] until September 2003. French. hired Sanger to oversee its development. as it provided the less bureaucratic structure favored by GNUPedia advocates. it was instead characterized by an extensive peer-review process. Stallman got behind Hector Facundo Arena's GNUPedia project at the same time. Nupedia was a free content encyclopedia. In June 2008.Nupedia 33 Nupedia Type of site Available language(s) Owner Created by Current status Internet encyclopedia project English. 2000. in January 2000. → Wikipedia. however. Before it ceased operating. and is mostly known now as the predecessor of the free → wiki encyclopedia.[3] History In the autumn of 1999. Italian Bomis Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger Defunct. It was founded by Jimmy Wales and underwritten by Bomis. which led to concerns about possible competition between the projects. with Bomis intending to generate revenue from online ads on Nupedia. Also in January 2001. CNET hailed Nupedia as one of the greatest defunct websites in the still young internet history. the Nupedia Open Content License. German. However. Nupedia wanted scholars to volunteer content for free. Nupedia started Wikipedia as a side-project to allow collaboration on articles prior to entering the peer review process.

the level of the bar to becoming a Nupedia contributor was probably unrealistically high. and although there was a facility that allowed reviewers to post their bios. As Nupedia dwindled into inactivity. but a few pages were still available at a mirror. Reviewers were identified by screen names. One of the problems experienced by Nupedia during much of its existence was that the software lacked functionality. a new version of the original software (called "NuNupedia") was under development. the reviewers evaluating drafts of an article generally would have no special expertise regarding the article's subject. with the policy stating: "We wish editors to be true experts in their fields and (with few exceptions) possess PhDs". The code was available via Nupedia's CVS repository. but actually were not. 4. Assignment Finding a lead reviewer Lead review Open review Lead copyediting Open copyediting Final approval and markup With the benefit of hindsight. only two did so after 2001. thus. NuNupedia was implemented for testing at SourceForge. Wikipedia also led to the gradual demise of Nupedia. However. of the Nupedia articles that completed the review process. Jimmy Wales decided to discontinue funding for a salaried editor-in-chief in December 2001[1] and Sanger resigned from both projects soon thereafter. Besides leading to discontinuation of the GNUPedia project. [8] although this mirror is now inaccessible. the expert who was writing the article was often obliged to modify it. many did not. 6. 2. As the number of participants in Nupedia was so small (many orders of magnitude smaller than the number of participants in the mature stages of Wikipedia). 2003. The process was also different from Wikipedia's because the expectation was that reviewers would criticise the articles without actually editing them. the idea of converting it into a stable version of approved Wikipedia articles was occasionally broached. there was generally no dialogue between people with knowledge on the article's subject. Much of the missing functionality had been mocked-up using underlined blocks of text which appeared to be hyperlinks. Due to the collapse of the internet economy at that time. although Sanger initially led activity on Wikipedia by virtue of his position as Nupedia's editor-in-chief. Nupedia's (limited) content has since been assimilated into Wikipedia. 3. Software development Nupedia was powered by NupeCode collaborative software. The Nupedia website at nupedia. Nupedia increasingly became an afterthought to Wikipedia.com was shut down on September 26. 7. but never implemented.Nupedia and began to function largely independently of Nupedia. but never . 5.[9] 34 Editorial process Nupedia had a seven-step editorial process. consisting of: 1. NupeCode is free/open source software (released under the GNU General Public License) designed for large peer review projects. After Sanger's departure. with no way of knowing their qualifications. based on comments from effectively anonymous reviewers. As part of the project.

" Building the world's biggest encyclopedia (http://www.nu used to redirect here) References [1] Poe. the free encyclopedia (http://nupedia. .encyclopedias. 2008-06-05. The Industry Standard/CNN. " The Hive (http://www.com/2000/TECH/ computing/11/21/net.com/doc/200609/wikipedia/)". as of July 2008) • Archive of Nupedia on 8media.org/web/*/www. November 21. Retrieved 2007-01-01.org/) [9] (http://en.theatlantic.org/ .8media. [4] Gouthro.15676-c.archive.html).slashdot.pl?sid=05/04/19/1746205&tid=95 [13] http://nunupedia. Retrieved 2007-01-01.idg/index.html)".html)".nupedia. .slashdot. April 2005 • NuNupedia project page on Sourceforge [13] (currently broken.8media.org [14] (http://pedia.sourceforge.pl?sid=9990&threshold=1&commentsort=0& mode=thread&cid=502603) [7] Larry Sanger (January 10 2001). Retrieved 2008-01-19.com/best/2004/1213/bow001.org/web/20030414014355/http:// www.com/ [11] http://features. [8] Nupedia. [2] Rand.Nupedia reached a sufficient stage of development to replace the original software. The Atlantic. Liane (2000-03-10). .org/article.cnet.techindustrytrends/article. 35 See also • GNUPedia • → List of online encyclopedias • → List of wikis External links • Earlier versions of Nupedia [10] (from the Internet Archive) • Larry Sanger: The Early History of Nupedia and Wikipedia: A Memoir Part 1 [11] and Part 2 [12]. Marshall (September 2006).cnn.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Nupedia_and_Wikipedia#Articles_copied_to_Wikipedia) [10] http://web. 2000 [6] GNUPedia Project Starting (http://slashdot.uk/0.com/article/ id.pcworld.49296926-5.com.archive.org/article.nupedia.00. " Let's make a wiki (http://web. [5] Mark Frauenfelder: The next generation of online encyclopedias (http://archives. htm)". Retrieved 2008-06-05. Matt (2004-12-13).wikipedia.39029477. PC World.html)". CNET.pl?sid=05/04/18/164213&tid=95&tid=149&tid=9 [12] http://features. . . " Extreme Blogging (http://www. Forbes. Slashdot.gen.com/pipermail/nupedia-l/2001-January/000676. [3] " The greatest defunct Web sites and dotcom disasters (http://crave. Nupedia-l mailing list (Internet Archive).org/comments.co.forbes.net/ [14] http://nupedia.

Markus Lude 1999 Perl Cross-platform → Wiki GNU General Public License http://usemod. It is licensed under the GNU General Public License. 2000 June 18. which had been running on AtisWiki since October 11. not in a relational database. The second wiki to use UseModWiki. 2001 until early 2002. All language instances of Wikipedia have since been moved over to MediaWiki.com UseModWiki is a wiki engine written in the Perl programming language. 2000 0. UseModWiki versions Date January 22. 2000 August 26. WikiWikiWeb's sister wiki the Adjunct. Websites using UseModWiki The first wiki to use UseModWiki's test versions was Clifford Adams's own usemod. was also installed on that same usemod. 2000 July 15.com Web site on April 24.UseModWiki 36 UseModWiki Developer(s) Initial release Written in Operating system Type License Website Clifford Adams.82 0. 2000. the MeatballWiki created by Adams and Sunir Shah and dedicated to online communities. Something similar to the interface can be seen in MediaWiki with the classic skin. also runs on UseModWiki. Pages in UseModWiki are stored in ordinary files.com wiki. 1999.70 0.80 0.86 0.88 Version . UseModWiki was used to run → Wikipedia. From January 15. 2000 October 12. started in July 2005.

91 0. 2007 August 26.02 1. 2000 February 16.com) [7] References [1] http://usemod. 2007 September 12.00 1.com [2] http://www. 2001 September 12.92 External links • UseModWiki official site [1] • List of sites running UseModWiki [2] • Introducing UseModWiki [3].com/articles/43775 . linux • Which Open Source Wiki Works For You? (ONLamp.92 1. 2007 December 1.linux.03 1.com/cgi-bin/wiki.04 December 24.90 0.pl?SiteList [3] http://www.usemod.01 1. 2007 Wiki engines derived from UseModWiki Among the wiki engines derived from UseModWiki are: • Oddmuse: derived from UseModWiki 0. 2001 April 21. 2003 June 9.UseModWiki 37 0.

from the Hawaiian word wiki.[13] Other criticisms center on its susceptibility to vandalism and the addition of spurious or unverified . Larry Sanger January 15.wikipedia. and almost all of its articles can be edited by anyone who can access the Wikipedia website.[7] it is currently the largest and most popular [3] [8] [9] [10] general reference work on the Internet. Its name is a portmanteau of the words → wiki (a technology for creating collaborative websites.[11] and allege that it favors consensus over credentials in its editorial process. Wikipedia's 13 million articles (3 million in English) have been written collaboratively by volunteers around the world.0 and GFDL dual-license Wikimedia Foundation (non-profit) Jimmy Wales.[12] Wikipedia's reliability and accuracy are also an issue.Wikipedia 38 Wikipedia Screenshot of Wikipedia's multilingual portal.[5] web-based and collaborative multilingual encyclopedia project supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. No Internet encyclopedia project Optional 240 active editions (271 in total) [1] Creative Commons Attribution/ Share-Alike 3. URL Slogan Commercial? Type of site Registration Available language(s) Content license http://www. 2001 #7 [3] [4] [2] Owner Created by Launched Alexa rank Current status Perpetual work-in-progress Wikipedia is a free. meaning "quick") and encyclopedia.[6] Launched in 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. Critics of Wikipedia accuse it of systemic bias and inconsistencies (including undue weight given to popular culture).org/ The free encyclopedia that anyone can edit.

under the ownership of Bomis. it cited Wikipedia as one of three examples of Web 2. and its text was incorporated into Wikipedia. Inc. as a single English-language edition at www.000 articles. Nupedia and Wikipedia coexisted until the former's servers were taken down permanently in 2003. which had held the record for exactly [30] 600 years. 46 by the end of 2003. Slashdot postings. along with YouTube [17] and MySpace. making it the largest encyclopedia ever assembled.[23] Wikipedia's policy of "neutral point-of-view"[28] was codified in its initial months. English Wikipedia passed [29] the 2 million-article mark on September 9. editor-in-chief for Nupedia and later Wikipedia. Bomis CEO.[27] and announced by Sanger on the Nupedia mailing list.[21] [22] While Wales is credited with defining the goal of making a publicly editable encyclopedia. When Time magazine recognized You as its Person of the Year for 2006.[25] On January 10. It grew to approximately 20.[23] [24] Sanger is usually credited with the strategy of using a → wiki to reach that goal. 2007. By late 2002 it had reached 26 language editions. acknowledging the accelerating success of online collaboration and interaction by millions of users around the world. eclipsing even the Yongle Encyclopedia (1407).wikipedia. . Wales. Otherwise. 2001.[14] though scholarly work suggests that vandalism is generally short-lived. to September 9. Graph of the article count for the English Wikipedia.[20] Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales are the founders of Wikipedia. there were relatively few rules initially and Wikipedia operated independently of Nupedia. Larry Sanger proposed on the Nupedia mailing list to create a wiki as a "feeder" project for Nupedia. a web portal company. Nupedia was licensed initially under its own Nupedia Open Content License.[23] Wikipedia gained early contributors from Nupedia.Wikipedia information. a free online English-language encyclopedia project whose articles were written by experts and reviewed under a formal process. → Nupedia. and 18 language editions. 2007 (the date of the two-millionth article) and 161 by the final days of 2004. switching to the GNU Free Documentation License before Wikipedia's founding at the urging of Richard Stallman. and was similar to Nupedia's earlier "nonbiased" policy. and web search engine indexing. Its main figures were Jimmy Wikipedia originally developed from another encyclopedia project. Some noted the importance of Wikipedia not only as an encyclopedic reference but also as a frequently updated news resource because of how quickly articles [18] [19] about recent events appear.[26] Wikipedia was formally launched on January 15. History Wikipedia began as a complementary project for → Nupedia.com. 2001. 2000.0 services. Nupedia was founded on March 9. from January 10. and Larry Sanger. 2001.[15] [16] 39 Wikipedia's departure from the expert-driven style of the encyclopedia building mode and the large presence of unacademic contents have been noted several times. by the end of 2001.

other projects have since forked from Wikipedia for editorial reasons. they become available immediately before undergoing any review. or in extreme cases only by administrators.Wikipedia Citing fears of commercial advertising and lack of control in a perceived English-centric Wikipedia. to allow a reader to see versions of articles that have passed certain reviews. Later that year. the articles are collectively owned by a community of editors. The German edition of Wikipedia is an exception to this rule: it has been testing a system of maintaining "stable [37] versions" of articles. today that average is 1.200 articles were added daily to the encyclopedia.300. usability study. Wales announced that Wikipedia [32] Various would not display advertisements. Though the English Wikipedia reached 3 million articles in August 2009.[34] In July 2007 about 2. questioning users [35] . and Google's Knol[33] — have been started to address perceived limitations of Wikipedia.org. when changes to an article are made. Wikinfo does not require a neutral point of view and allows original research. Wikipedia employs the open editing model called "wiki". New Wikipedia-inspired projects — such as Citizendium. resulting in the stagnation in article creation. no matter if they contain an error. Conservapedia. users of the Spanish Wikipedia Forked from Wikipedia to create the [31] Enciclopedia Libre in February 2002. original research. New or occasional editors have significantly higher rates of their edits reverted than an "elite" group of regular editors. This makes it difficult for the project to recruit and retain new contributors. in terms of the numbers of articles and of contributors. No article is owned by its creator or any other editor. Another proposal is the use of software to create "trust ratings" for individual Wikipedia contributors and using those ratings to determine which changes [40] will be made visible immediately. In April 2009. A team led by Ed H Chi at the Palo Alto Research Center speculated that this is due to the increasing exclusiveness of the project. while only registered users may create a new article (only in English edition). rather. appeared to have abruptly flattened around Spring 2007. and commercial advertising. are somehow misguided or even patent nonsense. Scholarpedia. the Wikimedia Foundation conducted a Wikipedia about the editing mechanism. and its website was moved to wikipedia. [36] Most importantly. Other language editions have not reached a consensus to implement this "flagged [38] [39] revisions" proposal. or is vetted by any recognized authority. Except for a few vandalism-prone pages that can be edited only by established users. every article may be edited anonymously or with a user account. the growth of the edition. such as its policies on peer review. 40 Nature of Wikipedia Editing model In departure from the style of traditional encyclopedias such as Encyclopædia Britannica.

to confirm some matter of fact. [46] other editions have also adopted this. or it may seem fairly clean. Computer programs called Internet bots have been used widely to [16] remove vandalism as soon as it was made. Academic studies of The open nature of the editing model has been central to most criticism of Wikipedia. casting a doubt to the equation "more edits equal higher quality. language & linguistics and philosophy & psychology. so that he may be lulled into a false sense of security. Because contributors usually rewrite small portions . to correct common misspellings and stylistic issues. The "History" page attached to each article records every single past revision of the article. [41] [42] Editors keep track of changes to articles by checking the difference between two revisions of a page. the English-language Wikipedia introduced an assessment scale against which the quality of articles is judged. music and warfare have higher ratio of featured articles than those such as computing. media. This feature makes it easy to compare old and new versions. registered or not. is rather in the position of a visitor to a public restroom. undo changes that an editor considers undesirable. mathematics. their subject matters and the access levels required for edits. displayed here in red. a reader of an article cannot be certain whether or not the article she is reading has been vandalized. The most developed state of articles is called "featured article": they are precisely ones that someday get featured in the main page of Wikipedia. What he certainly does not know is who has used the facilities before him. can take advantage of features available in the software that powers Wikipedia. criminal threats or copyright infringements may be removed afterwards. and that the categories such as history. or to start articles such as geography entries in a standard format from statistical data. The "Discussion" pages associated with each article are [43] used to coordinate work among multiple editors. though a revision with libelous content. so that they can easily keep tabs on all recent changes to those articles." In 2007. in preparation for producing a print version. and popularized the claim that Wikipedia is a "faith-based encyclopedia. Wikipedia. Articles in Wikipedia are organized roughly in three ways: according to their development statuses." Critics argue that non-expert editing undermines quality.Wikipedia 41 Contributors. Criticism of Wikipedia. It may be obviously dirty.[47] Consequence of the open editing model See also: Reliability of Wikipedia. Regular contributors often maintain a "watchlist" of articles of interest to them. For example. at any point. two researchers theorized that the growth of Wikipedia is sustainable. Former Encyclopaedia Britannica editor-in-chief Robert McHenry once described this by saying: [48] The user who visits Wikipedia to learn about some subject. In 2008.[44] [45] Researcher Giacomo Poderi found that articles tend to reach the FA status via intensive works of few editors. or restore lost content. so that he knows to exercise great care.

offensive. Wikipedia seeks to create a summary of all human knowledge: all of topics covered by a conventional print encyclopedia plus any other "notable" (therefore verifiable by published sources) topics. spams. citing this policy.have any way to know who wrote that?" "No. said Jimmy.. Each entry in Wikipedia must be about a topic that is encyclopedic and thus is worthy of inclusion." All of these led to the question of the reliability of Wikipedia as a source of accurate information.[57] Coverage of topics See also: Notability in Wikipedia.[52] the insertion of spurious information.[61] (See also: IWF block of Wikipedia) Content in Wikipedia is subject to the laws (in particular copyright law) in Florida. the founding editorial irresponsible research tool.. or pornographic. since no one is ultimately responsible for any claims appearing [51] in it. and similar problems. In one particularly well-publicized incident. As an encyclopedia building project. in 2008.[60] It was made clear that this policy is not up for debate. mainstream media or major academic journals) that are independent of the subject of the topic. [50] John Seigenthaler. i.S. Committees rarely write well.and low-quality content may be intermingled within an entry.[58] In particular. including Wikipedia editors. and several editorial policies and guidelines that are intended to reinforce the notion that Wikipedia is an encyclopedia. if it has received significant coverage in secondary reliable sources (i. high. As a consequence of the open structure. we don't". [53] Some critics claim that Wikipedia's open structure makes it an easy target for Internet trolls. House of Representatives and special interest groups[14] has been noted. Second.e.." director of USA Today and founder of the Freedom Forum First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University. Concerns have been raised regarding the lack of accountability that results from users' anonymity. and Wikipedia entries often have a choppy quality that results from the stringing together of sentences or paragraphs written by different people. The presence of politically sensitive materials in Wikipedia had also led the People's Republic of China to block access to parts of the site. Wikipedia must expose knowledge . Wikipedia "makes no guarantee of validity" of its content.. Wikipedia rejected an online petition against the inclusion of Muhammad's depictions in its English edition..[55] and organizations such as Microsoft have offered financial incentives to work on certain articles. false information was introduced into the biography of American political figure John Seigenthaler and remained undetected for four [49] 42 John Seigenthaler has described Wikipedia as "a flawed and [50] months. it contains materials that some people. For instance. vandalism. Historian Roy Rosenzweig noted: "Overall.Wikipedia of an entry rather than making full-length revisions.e. which are permitted by unlimited disk space. called Jimmy Wales and asked him.Do you .. ".[41] [54] The addition of political spin to articles by organizations including members of the U.[59] may find objectionable. writing is the Achilles' heel of Wikipedia. A topic is deemed encyclopedic if it is "notable"[62] in the Wikipedia jargon.[56] These issues have been parodied. notably by Stephen Colbert in The Colbert Report. and those with an agenda to push. and the policy has sometimes proved controversial. where Wikipedia servers are hosted.

” [75] Economist Tyler Cowen writes. Wikipedia does not take a side. Trust is built by observing the actions of others in the community and discovering people with like or complementary interests.[66] Wikipedia editors as a community write and revise those policies and guidelines[67] and enforce them by deleting. [13] critics argue that Wikipedia's open nature and a lack of proper sources for much of the information makes it unreliable. saying that: "You cannot say children are intellectually lazy because they are using the Internet when academics are using search engines in their research. annotating with tags. and relevant information is omitted from news reports. author of the 2009 book The Wikipedia Revolution. A claim that is likely to be challenged requires a reference to reliable sources. along with Google.[63] In other words. if attributable to external sources. after a not so long think I would opt for Wikipedia. new information or original works. and should not be relied upon as authoritative. [72] some specifically prohibit Wikipedia citations.[64] Finally."[78] 43 . or modifying article materials failing to meet them.[76] In February 2007. former president of the American Library Association Michael Gorman condemned Wikipedia.[70] Some commentators suggest that Wikipedia is generally reliable.. He also said that "a generation of intellectual sluggards incapable of moving beyond the Internet" was being produced at universities. He complains that the web-based sources are discouraging students from learning from the more rare texts which are either found only on paper or are on subscription-only web sites. an article in The Harvard Crimson newspaper reported that some of the professors at Harvard University include Wikipedia in their syllabus. Novel results are over-reported in journal articles. Wikipedia has been accused of exhibiting systemic bias and inconsistency..[78] stating that academics who endorse the use of Wikipedia are "the intellectual equivalent of a dietitian who recommends a steady diet of Big Macs with everything". "If I had to guess whether Wikipedia or the median refereed journal article on economics was more likely to be true. However.[71] Many university lecturers discourage students from citing any encyclopedia in academic work. but that the reliability of any given article is not always clear. and that academics and experts must be vigilant in correcting them. not truth" to express the idea that the readers are left themselves to check the truthfulness of what appears in the articles and to make their own interpretations. this is often phrased as "verifiability. must enjoy appropriate share of coverage within an article. for instance. Within the Wikipedia community. notes: "A wiki has all its activities happening in the open for inspection. preferring primary sources.[74] Andrew Lih. but that there is a split [77] in their perception of using Wikipedia. (See also deletionism and inclusionism)[68] [69] However." He comments that many traditional sources of non-fiction suffer from systemic biases.Wikipedia that is already established and recognized. he also cautions that errors are frequently found on Internet sites.[12] Editors of traditional reference works such as the Encyclopædia Britannica have questioned the project's utility and status as an encyclopedia. In the same article Jenny Fry (a research fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute) commented on academics who cite Wikipedia. In June 2007. Children need to be told how to use the Internet in a critical and appropriate way. The difference is that they have more experience of being critical about what is retrieved and whether it is authoritative. it must not present.[73] Co-founder Jimmy Wales stresses that encyclopedias of any type are not usually appropriate as primary sources.[65] All opinions and viewpoints.

7% of the users (at the time: 524 people). and that a "creative construction" approach encourages participation. and to ban users making disruptive edits (such as vandalism).[92] In his 2008 book. for one of many levels of volunteer stewardship. [88] Jimmy Wales once argued that only "a community .[83] and criticized for failing to [84] Editors in good standing in the community can run accommodate inexperienced users. Despite the name. instead they are mostly limited to making edits that have project-wide effects and thus are disallowed to [87] ordinary editors.[11] In August 2007. Swartz. and block users from editing. who noted that several articles he sampled had large portions of their content (measured by number of characters) contributed by users with low edit counts. Jonathan Zittrain of the Oxford Internet Institute and Harvard Law School’s Berkman Center for Internet & Society cites Wikipedia's success as a case study in how open collaboration has fostered innovation on the web.[94] [95] A 2009 study suggested there was "evidence of growing resistance from the Wikipedia community to new content. a website developed by Virgil Griffith began to trace the sources of changes made to Wikipedia by anonymous editors without Wikipedia accounts."[79] [80] [81] Wikipedia's community has also been described as "cult-like".[89] A 2007 study by researchers from Dartmouth College found that "anonymous and infrequent contributors to Wikipedia . are as reliable a source of knowledge as those contributors who register with the site.D. Wikipedia requires that even their contributions be supported by published and verifiable sources. lock articles from being changed in case of vandalism or editorial disputes.. their personnel or their work.. The project's preference for consensus over credentials has been labeled "anti-elitism". administrators do not enjoy any special privilege in decision-making.[93] A 2008 study found that Wikipedia users were less agreeable and open. than non-Wikipedia users.Wikipedia 44 Wikipedia community The Wikipedia community has established "a bureaucracy of sorts". this begins with "administrator".[91] In a 2003 study of Wikipedia as a community. though more conscientious. Wales performed a study finding that over 50% of all the edits are done by just Wikimania. often with a reference to other Web 2. student Andrea Ciffolilli argued that the low transaction costs of participating in → wiki software create a catalyst for collaborative development.0 projects such as Digg. a dedicated group of a few hundred volunteers" makes the bulk of contributions to Wikipedia and that the project is therefore "much like any traditional organization". WikiScanner. an annual conference for users of Wikipedia and other projects . including "a clear power structure that gives volunteer administrators the authority to exercise editorial control. This method operated by the Wikimedia of evaluating contributions was later disputed by Aaron Foundation.. economics Ph. "Who writes Wikipedia?" has become one of the questions frequently asked on the project.[85] [86] a group of privileged users who have the ability to delete pages. The program revealed that many such edits were made by corporations or government agencies changing the content of articles related to them. As Wikipedia grows with an unconventional model of encyclopedia building.. The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It.[82] although not always with entirely negative connotations."[96] ."[90] Although some contributors are authorities in their field.

and the funding of the project. In July 2002 (Phase III). the present double bracket style was incorporated later. Wikipedia ran on → UseModWiki written in Perl by Clifford Adams (Phase I). as well as many other wiki projects. a non-profit organization which also operates Wikipedia-related projects such as Wikibooks. . The software incorporates programming features such as a macro language. the development. originally written by Lee Daniel Crocker. a custom-made. which initially required CamelCase for article hyperlinks. such as Wikimedia Commons. Starting in January 2002 (Phase II). The Wikimedia chapters. MediaWiki is licensed under the GNU General Public License and used by all Wikimedia projects.[105] is used.0. Wikipedia shifted to the third-generation software. variables. Originally.[99] 45 Operation Wikimedia Foundation and the Wikimedia chapters Wikipedia is hosted and funded by the Wikimedia Foundation. Currently Lucene Search 2.[97] and was founded by Michael Snow. a transclusion system for templates. an administrator and the current chair of the Wikimedia Foundation board of trustees. also participate in the promotion. free and open source wiki software platform [100] Wikimedia Foundation logo written in PHP and built upon the MySQL database. In April 2005 a Lucene extension[102] [103] was added to MediaWiki's built-in search and Wikipedia switched from MySQL to Lucene for searching. MediaWiki. The Phase II software was repeatedly modified to accommodate the exponentially increasing demand.[104] which is written in Java and based on Lucene library 2. as well as major events from sister projects. Wikipedia began running on a PHP wiki engine with a MySQL database. this software was custom-made for Wikipedia by Magnus Manske.[98] It covers news and events from the site. and URL redirection. Several MediaWiki extensions are installed[101] to extend the functionality of MediaWiki software. Software and hardware The operation of Wikipedia depends on MediaWiki.Wikipedia The Wikipedia Signpost is the community newspaper on the English Wikipedia. local associations of Wikipedia users.

when the server setup was expanded into a distributed multitier architecture. 26 in Amsterdam. The web servers deliver pages as requested.wikipedia. See server layout diagrams on Meta-Wiki. Wikipedia content is now also accessible through offline media. Several devices and applications optimise or enhance the display of Wikipedia content for mobile devices. As of February 2008. In June 2007. Wikipedia receives between 25.wikipedia. April 2009. such as geoinformation.Wikipedia 46 Wikipedia currently runs on dedicated clusters of Linux [106] [107] servers (mainly Ubuntu). In January 2005.[120] [113] [111] . and through the mobile web.[116] Collections of Wikipedia articles have been published on optical disks. an official website for wireless devices. and 23 in [108] Yahoo!'s Korean hosting facility in Seoul. 2006 Wikipedia CD Selection. depending on time of day.[112] located at en. allowing page rendering to be skipped entirely for most common page accesses.[119] There are also German versions. Two larger clusters in the Netherlands and Korea now handle much of Wikipedia's traffic load. with a few OpenSolaris machines for ZFS. contained about 2.000 articles. Several other methods of mobile access to Wikipedia have emerged (See Wikipedia:Mobile access [114]). multiple slave database servers. To increase speed further. On mobile devices access to Wikipedia from mobile phones was possible as early as 2004. through the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). which caters to more advanced mobile devices such as the iPhone. through the Wapedia service.000 articles. Wikipedia launched en. However. and seven Squid cache servers. there were 300 in Florida.m. [110] Page requests are first passed to a front-end layer of Squid caching servers. which in turn pass the request to one of the Apache web servers for page rendering from the database. In 2009 a newer mobile service was officially released. This configuration included a single master database server running MySQL. Delivery media Wikipedia's original medium was for users to read and edit content using any standard web browser through a fixed internet connection. the project ran on 39 dedicated servers located in Florida.000 page requests per second.org .org . rendered pages are cached in a distributed memory cache until invalidated. Wikipedia employed a single server until 2004. An English version.mobile.[109] Overview of system architecture.[117] [118] The Polish version contains nearly 240. Android-based devices.000 and 60. 21 web servers running the Apache HTTP Server. while some also incorporate additional features such as use of Wikipedia metadata (See Wikipedia:Metadata [115]). or the Palm Pre. performing page rendering for all the language editions of Wikipedia. Requests that cannot be served from the Squid cache are sent to load-balancing servers running the Linux Virtual Server software.

[121] up until June 2009. image files) varies across language editions. effective June 15. and Japanese Wikipedias. Japanese: 3%.8% "Yes". when the site switched to Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC-by-SA) 3.[127] In consequence of the referendum.[123] In response to the Wikimedia Foundation's request. a copyleft license permitting the redistribution. Wikipedia and its sister projects held a community-wide referendum to decide whether or not to make the license switch.wikipedia. for example.5% "No". a project operated by the Wikimedia Foundation.0.[125] The referendum took place from April 9 to 30. Polish. the Wikimedia Board of Trustees voted to change to the Creative Commons license. 10. creation of derivative works.000 articles and 81 have over 1. French. less than 23% of Wikipedia articles are in English.org. Wikipedia.7% "No opinion".. French: 5%. and 13.[3] As of July 2008. while the others have opted not to. the five largest language editions are (in order of article count) English. Wikipedia had been working on the switch to Creative Commons licenses because the GFDL. German: 3%. such as the English Wikipedia.Wikipedia 47 License and language editions All text in Wikipedia was covered by GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL). 24 have over 100. contributors of a same language edition may use different dialects or may come from different countries (as is the case for the English edition). with the remaining split among the other languages (Spanish: 19%. the English subdomain (en. in November 2008.g. Media files covered by free content licenses (e.g. According to Alexa. include non-free image files under fair use doctrine. colour) or points of view.[126] The results were 75. the notion of fair use does not exist in Japanese copyright law.. most notably on whether images that are not licensed freely may be used under a claim of fair use.g. (e. 2009. There are currently 262 language editions of [122] Percentage of all Wikipedia articles in English (red) and top ten largest language editions (blue). Polish: 3%. German.000 articles. color vs. Some language editions." they diverge on some points of policy and practice. of [1] these. This is in part because of the difference in copyright laws between countries. Though the various language editions are held to global policies such as "neutral point of view.[130] Since Wikipedia is web-based and therefore worldwide. the Free Software Foundation (FSF) released a new version of GFDL designed specifically to allow Wikipedia to relicense its content to CC-BY-SA [124] by August 1. These differences may lead to some conflicts over spelling differences. Creative Commons' cc-by-sa) are shared across language editions via Wikimedia Commons repository. Portuguese: 2%). and commercial use of content while authors retain copyright of their work.[133] [134] [135] [131] [132] . As of July 2007. English Wikipedia) receives approximately 52% of Wikipedia's cumulative traffic. 2009. is not suitable for online reference works and because the two licenses were incompatible.[127] The position that Wikipedia is merely a hosting service has been successfully used as a defense in court.[128] [129] The handling of media files (e. initially designed for software manuals.

and [140] it maintains a list of articles every Wikipedia should have.[148] In April 2007 the Pew Internet and American Life project found that one third of US Internet users consulted Wikipedia. Meta-Wiki provides important [139] statistics on all language editions of Wikipedia. Contributors for English Wikipedia by [136] country as of September 2006. Cultural significance In addition to logistic growth in the number of its articles. links" section of its "further reading" list for the Civil Marriage Act. the site was estimated to have a hypothetical market value of $580 million if it ran advertisements. The growth of Wikipedia has been fueled by its dominant position in Google search results.[151] [152] [153] The Parliament of Canada's website refers to Wikipedia shown in Weird Al's music Wikipedia's article on same-sex marriage in the "related video for his song "White & Nerdy".S.[141] Articles available in more than one language may offer "InterWiki" links. in part because automated translation of articles is disallowed. technology.000. They are coordinated in part by Meta-Wiki. foodstuffs. geography. conferences.[143] Wikipedia has steadily gained status as a general reference website since its inception in 2001. it is not rare for articles strongly related to a particular language not to have counterparts in another edition. The list concerns basic content by subject: biography. For example. Wikipedia is the only non-profit website.[147] a good portion of which is related to academic research. Though each language edition functions more or less independently. Wikipedia is among the ten most visited websites worldwide.[154] The encyclopedia's assertions are increasingly used as a source by organizations such as the U. which link to the counterpart articles in other editions. history. the Wikimedia Foundation's wiki devoted to maintaining all of its projects (Wikipedia and others).[10] [145] Of the top ten.[144] According to Alexa and comScore. articles about small towns in the United States might only be available in English.000th edit [142] .[149] In October 2006. Federal Courts and the World Intellectual Property Organization[155] – though mainly for supporting information rather than information .Wikipedia 48 Jimmy Wales has described Wikipedia as "an effort to create and distribute a free encyclopedia of the highest possible quality to every single person on the planet in [137] their own language". and court cases.[150] Graph showing the number of days between every 10. Wikipedia's content has also been used in academic studies. As for the rest. books. [146] about 50% of search engine traffic to Wikipedia comes from Google. and mathematics. some efforts are made to supervise them all.[138] For instance. culture. society. Translated articles represent only a small portion of articles in most editions. science.

such as the xkcd strip named "Wikipedian Protester. Wikipedia was the focus of a 30-minute documentary on BBC Radio 4[163] which argued that. the scientific journal RNA Biology launched a new section for descriptions of families of RNA molecules and requires authors who contribute to the section to also submit a draft article on the RNA family for publication in Wikipedia. comedian Stephen Colbert has parodied or referenced Wikipedia on numerous episodes of his show The Colbert Report and coined the related term "wikiality".[156] Content appearing on Wikipedia has also been cited as a source and referenced in some U.[165] Another documentary film about Wikipedia. Notably. with characters vandalizing or "Wikipedia Celebrates 750 Years Of American Independence" modifying the online encyclopedia project's articles. where character Michael Scott said that "Wikipedia is the best thing ever." Dutch filmmaker IJsbrand van Veelen premiered his 45-minute television documentary The Truth According to Wikipedia in April.S. the film will cover the history of Wikipedia and feature interviews with Wikipedia editors around the world. and several reporters have been dismissed for plagiarizing from Wikipedia. with increased usage and awareness. Anyone in the world can write anything they want about any subject. Many parody The Onion newspaper headline Wikipedia's openness. intelligence agency reports. Italian politician Franco Grillini raised a parliamentary question with the Minister of Cultural Resources and Activities about the necessity of freedom of panorama. so you know you are getting the best possible information".Wikipedia decisive to a case." an episode of The Office. Facebook. the number of references to Wikipedia in popular culture is such that the term is one of a select band of 21st-century nouns that are so familiar (Google.[168] . such as "The Negotiation.[158] Wikipedia has also been used as a source in journalism.[166] [167] 49 An xkcd strip entitled "Wikipedian Protester" On September 28. entitled Truth in Numbers: The Wikipedia Story. such as a front-page article in The Onion in July 2006 with the title "Wikipedia Celebrates 750 Years of American Independence".[157] In December 2008. 2008.[160] [161] [162] In July 2007. "the seventh most consulted website" to forbid all images of modern Italian buildings and art.[159] sometimes without attribution. Some media sources satirize Wikipedia's susceptibility to inserted inaccuracies. YouTube) that they no longer need explanation and are on a par with such 20th-century terms as Hoovering or Coca-Cola.[164] Others may draw upon Wikipedia's statement that anyone can edit. is scheduled for a 2009 release.[57] The site has created an impact upon several forms of media. 2007. He said that the lack of such freedom forced Wikipedia. Other media sources parody Wikipedia's policies. Shot on several continents. and claimed this was hugely damaging to tourist revenues.

and covering the geography. which was set on a website which was a parody of Wikipedia. Some of the sketches were directly inspired by Wikipedia and its articles.[177] created in October .[174] In July 2009.000 (£6. receiving 15% of the votes in answer to the question "Which brand had the most impact on our lives in 2006?"[173] In September 2008. which was created by Douglas Adams and is run by the BBC. art. focusing on articles which were both witty and informative. it has been retired and its creator. has lent his support to Wikipedia. Eckart Höfling. The h2g2 encyclopedia was relatively light-hearted.com. 2007. The first of these was the 1986 BBC Domesday Project. On January 26." An October 2007 Reuters article. and culture of the UK. A similar non-wiki project. co-existed with Nupedia early in its history. which included text (entered on BBC Micro computers) and photographs from over 1 million contributors in the UK.S. and Peter Gabriel. making those entries arguably as important as any ad in defining a candidate. entitled "Wikipedia page the latest status symbol". this came with a €10. Both of these projects had similarities with Wikipedia.[172] also nominated for a "Best Practices" Webby. free software figure Richard Stallman.700) grant that year. Wikipedia received Quadriga A Mission of Enlightenment award of Werkstatt Deutschland along with Boris Tadić.[176] One of the most successful early online encyclopedias incorporating entries by the public was h2g2. The Wikipedia was Wikipedia was the annual Prix Ars Electronica contest. "In Memoriam: September 11 Wiki".[20] Wikipedia has also spawned several sister projects. 2007. The award was presented to Jimmy Wales by David Weinberger. The user-interface and part of the content of the Domesday Project have now been emulated on a website. Already. saying. This was the first interactive multimedia encyclopedia (and was also the first major multimedia document connected through internal links). "Type a candidate's name into Google. reported the recent phenomenon of how having a Wikipedia article vindicates one's [170] notability.[171] The first was a Golden Nica for Digital Communities of $12. which are also run by the Wikimedia Foundation. The Washington Post reported that Wikipedia had become a focal point in the 2008 U.Wikipedia 50 On September 16.[175] Related projects A number of interactive multimedia encyclopedias incorporating entries written by the public existed long before Wikipedia was founded. the presidential entries are being edited. The first. election campaign.588. but neither gave full editorial freedom to public users. and an invitation to present at the PAE Cyberarts Festival in Austria later second was a Judges' Webby Award for the "community" category. and among the first results is a Wikipedia page. also awarded the fourth highest brand ranking by the readers of brandchannel. however. [169] Jimmy Wales receiving the Quadriga A Mission of Enlightenment award Wikipedia won two major awards in May 2004. BBC Radio 4 broadcast a comedy series called Bigipedia. the GNUPedia project. with the majority of articles being accessible through an interactive map of the UK. dissected and debated countless times each day.

has come to meet the success of Wikipedia. non-commercial selection from Wikipedia. whereas others use more traditional peer review. was started by Wikipedia co-founder Larry Sanger in an attempt to create an "expert-friendly" Wikipedia./vol12/issue1/ pfeil. targeted around the UK National Curriculum and intended to be useful for much of the English speaking world. doi:10.html. Retrieved 2008-02-22. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. There has also been a attempt to put a select subset of Wikipedia's articles into printed book form. Scholarpedia. Katherine Panciera. "Creating.indiana. and Wikibooks.x [188]. such as Susning. Enciclopedia Libre.1111/j.html. Some subsets of Wikipedia's information have been developed. Lam.[180] None of these sister projects. h2g2. a project for the creation of free learning materials and the provision of online learning activities. and WikiZnanie likewise employ no formal review process.2006. and Everything2. such as Encyclopedia of Life. hand-checked. Wiktionary. a collection of quotations.[178] detailed the September 11 attacks.firstmonday.org/issues/issue12_8/nielsen/index. an online encyclopedia. • Pfeil. First Monday 12 (8). a collection of collaboratively written free books. http://jcmc. Ulrike (2006). .[182] Other websites centered on collaborative knowledge base development have drawn inspiration from or inspired Wikipedia. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 12 (1): 88. Reid. the Wikipedia series of CDs/DVDs. produced by Wikipedians and SOS Children (aka "Wikipedia for Schools"). • Priedhorsky. Proc. For example.[179] Wikiquote. Loren Terveen. Some. Retrieved 2008-12-26. "Cultural Differences in Collaborative Authoring of Wikipedia [187]". Wikimedia has since started a number of other projects.1083-6101.00316. this project was closed in October 2006. Destroying. Jilin Chen. Finn (August 2007). and Restoring Value in Wikipedia" [189]. http://www. including Wikiversity.nu. a week after Wikimedia launched. and John Riedl. was launched in December 2002. Wikipedia for Schools is available on-line [181]: an equivalent print encyclopedia would require roughly twenty volumes.edu.Wikipedia 2002. often with additional review for specific purposes. "Scientific Citations in Wikipedia [186]". however. is a free. Citizendium.[183] [184] [185] 51 See also • • • • • • • • • • Academic studies about Wikipedia Democratization of knowledge → List of online encyclopedias → List of wikis Open content USA Congressional staff edits to Wikipedia User-generated content Wikipedia Review Wikipedia Watch Wikitruth References Academic studies • Nielsen. Shyong (Tony) K. a dictionary project.

html. glossaries. Joseph M. http://www. Sarah (2007-08-16). a division of the Commonwealth Club of California. San Francisco: No Starch Press. Book reviews and other articles • Crovitz. ET) • Baker. moderated by National Public Radio's David Ewing Duncan. 2008.org. • Lih. Books • Phoebe Ayers. Encyclopedia [195]". http://www.)" Other media coverage • Dee. [Andrew] Keen and [Jimmy] Wales appeared at Inforum. (Originally published in Journal of American History 93. 8:34 A. text books.The Missing Manual.) • Broughton. L. lecture notes. as listed above. March 2008. Jonathan (2007-07-01).html?_r=1&ref=magazine&oref=slogin. The New York Review of Books. http://blogs. • Broughton. "Wikipedia's Old-Fashioned Revolution: The online encyclopedia is fast becoming the best. John (2008). "Assessing the Value of Cooperation in Wikipedia [191] ". First Monday 12 (4).org/issues/issue12_4/wilkinson/ index.php/lifestyle/wikipedia_vs_encyclopedia/. by John Broughton.) Learning resources • Wikiversity list of learning resources. (2005).) • Rosenzweig./joseph/2005/ethno/leadership. (See book rev. Andrew (2009). Roy. Retrieved 2009-01-14.. quizzes.delta-sky.com/sections/ index. http://www. ISBN 0-596-51516-2.firstmonday. http://reagle.uk). December 2008.html.co.) Media debate • "Thought Leader: Wikipedia vs. Wikipedia Reader's Guide. 2009. Sebastopol: Pogue Press. (Includes related courses. Web-based seminars. (April 2007). • Freeman. The Official Inflight Magazine of Delta Air Lines. which is the largest and oldest public forum in the United States. Retrieved 2008-02-22.M.uk/highlights?articleid=3115718.com/brokenrecord/2008/03/for_music_fans_wikipedia_myspa. as listed below. Following is a portion of their discussion. ISBN 1401303714. . Nicholson." [192] (Originally published in Wall Street Journal online .131663. Retrieved 2008-12-26. Charles Matthews. "The Charms of Wikipedia" [193]. Wikipedia . • Wilkinson. • Reagle. (Book rev. Retrieved 2008-12-17. html. doi: 1316624. "(Earlier this year. ISBN 059652174X. New York: Hyperion.April 6.co. Houston Chronicle (Blog). The New York Times Magazine (The New York Times Company). "All the News That's Fit to Print Out [196]". slides. MySpace ". etc. March 20. O'Reilly Media.yorkshirepost. [197] • "For Music Fans: Wikipedia.Wikipedia GROUP 2007. Delta-Sky. Retrieved 2008-02-22. How Wikipedia Works: And How You Can Be a Part of It. "Do As I Do: Leadership in the Wikipedia ". "Can We Really Trust Wikipedia? [198]".com/2007/07/ 01/magazine/01WIKIPEDIA-t. John (2008). The Wikipedia Revolution. Accessed December 17. by Baker. http://www.1 (June 2006): 117-46. ISBN 978-1-59327-176-3. 2008. of The Missing Manual. Can History be Open Source? Wikipedia and the Future of the Past [194] [190] 52 . Gordon.chron. and Ben Yates (September 2008). Wikipedia Drafts. Dennis M.nytimes. Yorkshire Post (yorkshirepost. Jr.

1066904-1. http://www. Retrieved 2008-02-22. February 8. What will he do next? [leader]. and how Wikipedia articles could be auto-generated from web content ace:Wikipèdia mwl:Biquipédia pnb:‫ ایڈیپیکو‬ckb:‫ایدیپیکیو‬ .com/us/article/2009/01/28/03/4644-72/ index.co. The Economist Web and Print. David (2009-05-28). Time (Time. time.newscientist. "Like Boiling a Frog [207]". http://thephoenix. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 2009 [206] [199] 53 • Runciman. 2008-06-05. External links • Wikipedia • • • • • • • • • [208] – multilingual portal (contains links to all language editions of the project) Version for mobile phones [209] – 15 languages Press coverage of Wikipedia [210] Wikipedia [211] at the Open Directory Project CBC News: I. "Wikipedia Rules [200]". Inc). "Jimmy Wales changed the world with Wikipedia. timesonline. Marshall (September 2006).0 . 2009-01-28. • Giles. Wiki World [202]".xml. The Sunday Times. February 3. • Is Wikipedia Cracking Up?.com/article/mg19526226. http://www. The Atlantic Monthly.00.uk/v31/n10/runc01_. Retrieved 2009-06-03.uk. editor [212] Help Edit Wikipedia [213] – wikiHow article Class assignment: Write an original Wikipedia article [214] [215] #Wikipedia on freenode Video of TED Talk by Jimmy Wales on the birth of Wikipedia [216] [217] Audio of interview with Jimmy Wales about Wikipedia in general on the EconTalk podcast [218] • Wikipedia and why it matters – Larry Sanger's 2002 talk at Stanford University about Wikipedia. video archive [219] and transcript of the talk [220] • "Intelligence in Wikipedia" Google TechTalk at YouTube (Adobe Flash video). Retrieved 2008-02-22. • Poe.9171.html. "It's a Wiki. Retrieved 2008-06-05.html.com/time/magazine/article/0. "Wikipedia 2.cfm?story_id=11484062. theatlantic. "The Hive [201]". • "Technological Quarterly: Brain Scan: The Free-knowledge Fundamentalist [203]".economist. the hugely popular online encyclopedia that anyone can edit. 2009 [205] • The Wiki-snobs Are Taking Over." • "Hoaxers force Wiki to weigh pre-checks Wikipedia [204]".Now with Added Trust ". Mike (2007-12-02). http://www. Jim (2007-09-20). London Review of Books. http://www.co. describing an intelligence project utilizing Wikipedia. com/Boston/Life/52864-Wikipedia-rules/.lrb.metrobostonnews. http://www. Metro Boston edition. The Independent.com/doc/200609/wikipedia. • Taylor. The Phoenix. http:/ /www. Retrieved 2008-03-22.Wikipedia Retrieved 2008-09-20. • Miliard.com/science/tq/ displaystory. New Scientist.200. Chris (2005-05-29).

Alexa Internet. [15] Fernanda B.8599. . [5] Some versions. "The sheer volume of content [. Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI) (Vienna.org/wiki/Special:Statistics)". and Restoring Value in Wikipedia (http://www-users.umn. 5th International Symposium on Online Journalism (University of Texas at Austin).org (http://www. . Why Wikipedia Must Jettison Its Anti-Elitism (http://www.org?range=5y&size=large&y=t)".edu/ ~reid/papers/group282-priedhorsky. ISBN 1-58113-702-8.985953 (http://dx. "[The author. Corante.alexa. " Creating. . . [9] Alex Woodson (2007-07-08).. 2008. Time.. Retrieved 2008-07-15.wikipedia. Austria: ACM SIGCHI): 575–582. .nytimes. [2] Jonathan Sidener. " Studying Cooperation and Conflict between Authors with History Flow Visualizations (http://alumni. " Who knows? (http://www. the access to Wikipedia has (or had) been blocked.co.kuro5hin. Martin Wattenberg. Wikipedia is #1.pdf)" (PDF). Viégas. describes herself as] an expert on social media[.] . Alexa. . Retrieved 2008-07-03.]" [13] Simon Waldman (2004-10-26).00. TIME (Time.com/bill-tancer/2007/ 03/wikipedia_search_and_school_ho.3% of all visits to the category" Cf.com/time/magazine/article/0. Search and School Homework" (http://weblogs. Loren Terveen. Shyong (Tony) K.uk/technology/2004/oct/26/g2. Retrieved 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2007-02-11.php)".com/article/ internetNews/idUSN0819429120070708)". [8] Bill Tancer (2007-05-01). [11] Larry Sanger. "Online encyclopedia Wikipedia has added about 20 million unique monthly visitors in the past year.hk/faculty/alih/publications/ utaustin-2004-wikipedia-rc2. Retrieved 2007-01-24. The San Diego Union-Tribune.signonsandiego. .alexa. Association for Computing Machinery GROUP '07 conference proceedings (Sanibel Island.00. Retrieved 2008-12-18.1145/985921. 985953). and Kushal Dave (2004). " Look Who's Using Wikipedia (http://www. Retrieved 2006-10-15. Salt Lake City Weekly.1145/985921.html)". " Academia and Wikipedia (http://many.html). Lam. according to Nielsen//NetRatings. .edu/~fviegas/papers/ history_flow.com/uniontrib/20041206/ news_mz1b6encyclo. . Destroying.time. Retrieved 2007-12-16. . 2006-12-13. 2004.cityweekly. contain non-free content.com/2007/07/01/ magazine/01WIKIPEDIA-t. capturing 24. Reuters.uk. " All the News That's Fit to Print Out (http://www.9171. doi: 10. December 31.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/08/AR2006070800135.html)". Kuro5hin. The Washington Post. and John Riedl (GroupLens Research. " Death by Wikipedia: The Kenneth Lay Chronicles (http://www. Frank (2006-07-09). [18] Jonathan Dee (2007-07-01). Berkeley [.guardian. Wikipedia.pdf)" (PDF). [16] Reid Priedhorsky. such as the English language version. . " Wikipediots: Who Are These Devoted.hku. Guardian. University of Minnesota) (2007-11-04).com/time/business/article/ 0.reuters. washingtonpost. March 1. Inc). Florida). Hitwise). a doctoral student in the School of Information at the University of California.org/10. When compared to the top 3. [12] Danah Boyd (2005-01-04).corante. [3] " Five-year Traffic Statistics for Wikipedia. [4] " Wikipedia:Wikipedia is a work in progress (http://en. Danah Boyd.html)". Retrieved 2008-06-21. .S.] is partly responsible for the site's dominance as an online reference. Hitwise: An Experian Company (Blog).media. [14] Ahrens. Retrieved December 18.com/archives/2005/01/04/ academia_and_wikipedia. Many 2 Many: A Group Weblog on Social Software.net/utah/ article-5129-feature-wikipediots-who-are-these-devoted-even-obsessive-contributors-to-wikipedia.org/story/2004/12/30/ 142458/25).html)". The New York Times Magazine. [17] " Time's Person of the Year: You (http://www.. Retrieved 2008-12-26.doi. " Wikipedia remains go-to site for online news (http://www. Department of Computer Science and Engineering. Retrieved 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2007-10-13. " Everyone's Encyclopedia (http://www. [7] Mike Miliard (2008-03-01). Jilin Chen.wikipedia..Wikipedia 54 References [1] " Statistics (http://en.co.hitwise. .pdf)" (PDF). English Wikipedia.mit. onlinesupplement)"." [10] " Top 500 (http://www. Retrieved 2007-10-13. [19] Andrew Lih (2004-04-16). . " Wikipedia as Participatory Journalism: Reliable Sources? Metrics for Evaluating Collaborative Media as a News Resource (http://jmsc.1595184. Retrieved 2006-11-01.com/site/ds/top_sites?ts_mode=global&lang=none)".time.html)". . "Wikipedia.cs.org/wiki/ Wikipedia:Wikipedia_is_a_work_in_progress)". . Retrieved 2007-12-04. . Retrieved 2008-12-18.. Katherine Panciera.html)". [6] In some parts of the world.] and a fellow at the Harvard University Berkman Center for Internet & Society [at Harvard Law School. making it the top online news and information destination.1569514.200 educational reference sites in the U. Bill Tancer (Global Manager. 2007.com/data/details/traffic_details/ wikipedia. Even Obsessive Contributors to Wikipedia? (http://www.

257–286. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 2008).wikimedia.org/wiki/UX_and_Usability_Study [36] Wikipedia:Ownership of articles [37] Birken. Viégas. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 2007) [29] "" statistics Multilingual statistics (http://en. Wikipedia. nupedia. 2005).0 . [26] Sanger. " Reviewed article version (http://meta. Retrieved 2008-06-27.wikipedia. " The Early History of Nupedia and Wikipedia: A Memoir (http://features.nupedia. Larry (January 17. . . .linguistics.wikipedia. for example. Sj. " World of Knowledge (http://w3. [39] Zondor (2006-09-22).html)".com/pipermail/nupedia-l/2001-January/000684. Archived from the original (http://www.org/pipermail/wikide-l/ 2008-December/021594. Wikide-l mailing list.wikimedia. Internet Archive. 18.wikimedia. Retrieved 2007-02-20. 2005).x=0&go. "The Wikipedia's open structure makes it a target for trolls and vandals who malevolently add incorrect information to articles. [31] " [long] Enciclopedia Libre: msg#00008 (http://osdir. Encyclopædia Britannica.com news service.wikipedia. .com/gp/reader/1594201536/ref=sib_dp_srch_pop?v=search-inside& keywords=spanish&go. Free Software Foundation. Internet Archive.com/)". Retrieved 2008-12-26. pp. Larry (2001-01-10).com/visual/papers/wikipedia_coordination_final.org/w/index. (2008-12-14). Wikipedia (January 21.amazon. " Wikipedia approaches its limits (http://www.uk/2/hi/technology/7144970. [24] Sanger.html)". The Penguin Press via Amazon Online Reader.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Multilingual)".y=0&go=Go!).co.org/pipermail/wikipedia-l/2001-October/000671. p.com/article/ mg19526226.org/web/20010331173908/http://www. .com/pipermail/nupedia-l/2001-January/000676. Retrieved 2008-12-26.com/gst/ fullpage. and then a real expert will come along and add three paragraphs and clean up my one paragraph. . Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 2006-10-15.nytimes. [41] Kleinz. .stm) [34] Bobbie Johnson.archive.com/) on 2001-03-31. 2001).html?res=9800E5D6123BF933A1575AC0A9679C8B63&n=Top/Reference/Times Topics/Subjects/C/ Computer Software)".wikipedia. Arnomane (2005-01-02).org/wiki/ Reviewed_article_version)". Visual Communication Lab. " 'I can start an article that will consist of one paragraph. [35] http://usability. . . .html)".org/web/20030414014355/http:// www. Torsten (February.co. NewScientist. 2007.archive. [27] " Wikipedia: HomePage (http://web. Wikimedia Foundation.research." [23] Sanger.shtml)". [28] " Wikipedia:Neutral point of view (http://en. Stallman (2007-06-20).nupedia. " Fact-Driven? Collegial? This Site Wants You (http://query.org/web/20010506042824/www.signonsandiego. .ibm. Retrieved 2008-12-26. [25] " Wikipedia-l: LinkBacks? (http://lists. 2005. . Larry (April 18. Retrieved 2007-11-22. Osdir.linux-magazine.html) on 2003-04-14. Wikipedia. Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations (http://www." [42] The Japanese Wikipedia. Talk Before You Type: Coordination in Wikipedia (http://www. Slashdot. pdf). .html)".now with added trust (http://www. Peter (2001-09-20). " The Free Encyclopedia Project (http://www. Jesse Kriss.org/encyclopedia/ encyclopedia. get other people tied up in endless discussions. [38] Schewek. . Jim (2007-09-20). Retrieved 2008-01-04.html)" (in German). " Wikipedia 2. [32] Clay Shirky (February 28.uk/technology/2009/aug/12/ wikipedia-deletionist-inclusionist)". slashdot.' said Larry Sanger of Las Vegas. php?title=Wikipedia:Neutral_point_of_view&oldid=102236018). 15th ed.newscientist. php?title=Wikipedia:Stable_versions&oldid=77160380)". Retrieved 2008-12-26.wikipedia. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 55 ..guardian. Retrieved 2008-12-26.html)". Frank van Ham (2007-01-03) (PDF). is known for deleting every mention of real names of victims of certain high-profile crimes.bbc. [30] "Encyclopedias and Dictionaries".200-wikipedia-20--now-with-added-trust. " Let's Make a Wiki (http://web. The Wikipedia Project (Linux Magazine). " Wikipedia Is Up! (http://web. " Everyone's Encyclopedia (http://www.international/ 2003-03/msg00008.html)".com/uniontrib/ 20041206/news_mz1b6encyclo.wikipedia.com/ml/science. . Martin Wattenberg.wikimedia. 273. New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2008-12-26. Retrieved 2001-03-31.gnu. " Bericht Gesichtete Versionen (http://lists.com/issue/51/ Wikipedia_Encyclopedia.archive. [21] Jonathan Sidener (2004-12-06).org/w/index. . The San Diego Union-Tribune. and generally do everything to draw attention to themselves. statistics. [33] BBC News (http://news.com/pipermail/nupedia-l/2001-January/000676. Retrieved 2008-12-26. who founded Wikipedia with Mr. .org/features/05/04/18/164213. [43] Fernanda B.pdf)" (PDF). March 30. even though they may still be noted in other language editions. P. Wikimedia Meta. Wales.html)". ISBN 1-594201-53-6. [40] Giles. Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original (http://www. Wikimedia Foundation. " Stable versions (http://en. IBM Research. [22] Meyers.Wikipedia [20] Richard M.

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yorkshirepost.wikipedia.acm.org/10.org/citation.html) [183] Frith.wikihow.ted.edu/courses/ee380/020116-ee380-100.indiana.com/watch?v=cqOHbihYbhE 61 .com/story/53137.html [198] http://www.html [218] http://www.html [192] http://online.firstmonday.com/brokenrecord/2008/03/for_music_fans_wikipedia_myspa. – Holden Frith.co.200 [200] http://thephoenix./vol12/issue1/pfeil.stanford.time.neowin.delta-sky. .html [213] http://www. stood by the site's format.com/2007/07/01/magazine/01WIKIPEDIA-t.net/Wikipedia [216] http://www. "Larry Sanger describes the Citizendium project as a "progressive or gradual fork". less fiddling? (http://www.dmoz.uk/v31/n10/runc01_.edu. [185] Lyman. html [206] http://technology.independent.economist.wikipedia.wikipedia. The Register. Holden (March 26. . " Wikipedia founder launches rival online encyclopedia (http://technology.nytimes./joseph/2005/ethno/leadership.org/Computers/Open_Source/Open_Content/Encyclopedias/Wikipedia/ [212] http://www.1111%2Fj.freenode. timesonline. The Times.nybooks.com/article/mg19526226.html [208] http://www.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Press_coverage [211] http://www.newscientist. 2006). Retrieved 2007-06-27.com/Contribute-to-Wikipedia [214] http://www.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/features/is-wikipedia-cracking-up-1543527.com/articles/21131 [194] http://chnm. with the major difference that experts have the final say over edits.html [219] http://stanford-online.edu/class/ee380/Abstracts/020116.html [193] http://www.org/ [209] http://mobile.co.cbc.00316.com/doc/200609/wikipedia [202] http://www.co.theregister.firstmonday.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/the_web/article1571519.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/5549589/ Wikipedia-turned-into-book. [186] http://www.00.co.1316663 [190] http://reagle.2006. More experts.html [191] http://www.html [203] http://www.net/news/main/07/11/02/class-assignment-write-an-original-wikipedia-article [215] irc://irc.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/the_web/article5682896.ca/news/background/tech/wikipedia.theatlantic.ece [207] http://www. Retrieved 2007-06-27. LinuxInsider.doi.edu/resources/essays/d/42 [195] http://www.9171. 2007.html [217] http://www.org/issues/issue12_4/wilkinson/index.org.gmu. Jay (September 20.xml [205] http://www.html [188] http://dx.uk/2006/09/18/sanger_forks_wikipedia/)".co. 2006). "Wikipedia's de facto leader.1066904-1.com/us/article/2009/01/28/03/4644-72/index.org/ [210] http://en.php/lifestyle/wikipedia_vs_encyclopedia/ [196] http://www.timesonline.org/archives/2009/03/wales_on_wikipe.com/Boston/Life/52864-Wikipedia-rules/ [201] http://www.youtube.com/science/tq/displaystory.co.org/issues/issue12_8/nielsen/index. " Wikipedia Co-Founder Planning New Expert-Authored Site (http:// www.metrobostonnews. " Wikipedia founder forks Wikipedia.telegraph.stanford.x [189] http://portal.Wikipedia [182] Telegraph. Jimmy Wales.com/index.co. Andrew (September 18.lrb.cfm?story_id=11484062 [204] http://www.econtalk.com/time/magazine/article/0.html [187] http://jcmc.html)".uk/highlights?articleid=3115718 [199] http://www.).ece)".com/sections/index.1083-6101. .crmbuyer." – Andrew Orlowski.cfm?doid=1316624.uk (http://www. Retrieved 2007-06-27." [184] Orlowski.com/article/SB123897399273491031.php/talks/jimmy_wales_on_the_birth_of_wikipedia.html?_r=1&ref=magazine& oref=slogin [197] http://blogs.wsj.chron.asx [220] http://www.co.

General interest and subject-specific encyclopedias General interest (hopes to encourage a Montenegrin language Wikipedia) Den Store Danske Encyklopædi Deu Sözlük Digital Universe Danish Turkish English General interest General interest Collection of articles on educational. available for diplomats and overseas US agents to use Doosan Encyclopedia Ekşi Sözlük Encarta Korean Turkish English General General interest General interest Free Free Limited free access and features.org Baidu Baike Language English Chinese Description Edutainment Collaborative online encyclopedia hosted by the major Chinese search engine Baidu Banglapedia The Canadian Encyclopedia Bangla. cultural. co-founder of → Wikipedia Columbia Encyclopedia Compton's Encyclopedia Conservapedia English English English General interest General interest Semi-open wiki written from a Biblical literalist perspective. and scientific topics Diplopedia English US State Department internal encyclopedic wiki.List of online encyclopedias 62 List of online encyclopedias This is a list of notable online encyclopedias which are accessible on the World Wide Web. General reference Site Archimedes-lab. subscription for full access Access only through the State Department Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Access Credo Reference English Subscription Crnogorska Enciklopedija Montenegrin Free . English English General interest General Interest (original content of the hard copy Canadian Encyclopedia) Chinese Encyclopedia Citizendium Chinese English General interest → Wiki-based free encyclopedia project spearheaded by Larry Sanger.

it contains the text of the American Academic Encyclopedia Free Subscription Holocaust Encyclopedia English.List of online encyclopedias 63 English General interest Limited free access and features. First commercial online encyclopedia (1981-93). subscription for full access Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopedia of China Encyklopedia Internautica Enciclopedia Libre Chinese Polish Spanish General interest General interest Fork of the Spanish Wikipedia. using → wiki software. Spanish Holocaust related articles Free Hudong Chinese General interest. China's largest wiki Free Hutchinson Encyclopedia Infoplease Internetowa encyklopedia PWN Interpedia English English Polish English General interest General interest General interest General interest. users can submit Free articles on the topic of essentially anything FAQ Gale Virtual Reference Library English English A collection of searchable FAQs Database for search of source material of an academic nature Free Subscription GNUPedia English General interest articles are released under a GNU license Free Grand Larousse encyclopédique French Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia English General interest Targeted at the younger researcher. Free Free Free No longer exists Kalb Encyclopedia Esperanto General interest. released under the GFDL Subscription Free Free Encyclopædia Universalis French General interest encyclopedia published by Encyclopedia Britanica Subscription Everything2 English General interest. the first site to propose a free encyclopedia written by users. Arabic. Farsi. The first online Esperanto encyclopedia Biographies on notable Czech and Slovak people General interest General interest General interest with emphasis on science and the arts. Free Kdo byl kdo Czech Free Keyinpedia Knol Kussmaul Encyclopedia Chinese English English Free Free Subscription Marefa Arabic General interest Free . Now defunct. French.

Copyleft Vikidia French. Focuses on topics of cultural and historical Greek and Roman significance.List of online encyclopedias 64 German General interest Free Meyers Konversations-Lexikon 4. ed. folklore. from the Philippines point-of-view Free WikiZnanie World Book Encyclopedia Russian English Russian language wiki General interest Free Subscription Classical antiquities. Spanish Mirrors stable versions of selected Free English Wikipedia articles Articles designed for children ages Free 8-13 General interest → Wiki-based free general interest encyclopedia Free Free.1892 Nationalencyklopedin Swedish General interest. 1888 . the most comprehensive contemporary Swedish language encyclopedia Subscription New World Encyclopedia → Nupedia Open Site English English English General interest Combined with GNUpedia Categorized community-built encyclopedia. Spanish WIEM Encyklopedia → Wikipedia Polish See list here WikiPilipinas English Based on the Wikipedia model.nu Từ điển Bách khoa toàn thư Việt Nam Veropedia A Swedish language wiki General interest. State-sponsored encyclopedia. arts. Dutch. Free Free English. Encyclopedia Mythica English Contains articles on mythology. and literature Site A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities Language English Description Incorporates text from the 19th century encyclopedia of the same name. and religion Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities English Covers subjects of classical antiquity Free Free Access Free . inspired by the Open Directory Project Free Free Free Private Sözlük Turkish Collaborative hypertext Turkish dictionary and encyclopedia site that shares a similar concept with Everything2 or H2G2 Free Probert Encyclopaedia Quid Scholarpedia English French English General interest General interest Articles are written by scholars and peer-reviewed for accuracy Free Free Free Store norske leksikon Norwegian (Bokmål) Swedish Vietnamese General interest Free Susning.

Public domain Free Subscription Free Korean Articles on the state of Alabama Topics on the influence of the Iranian peoples throughout history Korea-related topics Free Free Free Free Free Access English English Ukraine related articles Presents articles on perceived human problems Free Free . New Georgia Encyclopedia Oregon Blue Book The Oregon Encyclopedia Panyathai English English English Thai. etc. state Georgia Articles pertaining to Oregon Articles pertaining to Oregon General interest.List of online encyclopedias 65 English English. Italian Literature related articles Biographical dictionary and database of Swiss visual art Subscription Free The Literary Encyclopedia SIKART Culture and country-specific Site Aeiou Encyclopedia Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography Encyclopedia of Alabama Encyclopedia Iranica Language German. German. limited English Articles on the U. English Articles on Arab heritage and content Free with registration Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand Encyclopedia Virginia English. Māori The New Zealand government site with content on the country English Articles on Virginia's history and culture Free Free Free Free Free Free Free. Designed to honor the Thai king Bhumibol Adulyadej TAGIPEDIA Arabic. English English Description Online database of Austrian culture Focuses on topic relating to Greek and Roman geography English English. French. history and politics. plans for a future Persian version Encyclopedia of Korean Culture Encyclopedia of Ukraine Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential Gazetteer for Scotland English Articles on the geography and locations of Scotland Jewish Encyclopedia English The state of Judaism and the Jews as of 1901 Jewish Virtual Library Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan English English Portals to essential Jewish topics Comprehensive articles on Japanese arts and culture.S.

French. French. Swedish. Russian. Spanish. Danish. Czech. Chinese. German. Portuguese. Dutch. Dutch. Portuguese. Finnish. Japanese. French. Portuguese. Heroes Wiki English. Dutch. Norsk. Italian. Romanian. German. French. Spanish Language English English Description Mathematics related topics Encompasses articles on the topic of mathematics Articles on mathematical equations Free Access Free Free . French. Hungarian.List of online encyclopedias 66 Pop culture and fiction Site Battlestar Wiki Language English. Hebrew. Suomi. Bulgarian. Spanish. Simple English. Chinese Memory Alpha English. Bulgarian. German. Russian. French. based on Douglas Adams's The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. German. Japanese. Free Free Description Battlestar Galactica-related articles Access Free Contains articles pertaining to the hit drama Free Lost English Free Wookieepedia English. German. Turkish The Infosphere Lambiek Lostpedia English English. Norwegian. Spanish. Frrench. Polish. Chinese Don Markstein's Toonopedia H2G2 English Focuses on articles pertaining to print and animated cartoons English Collection of sometimes humorous encyclopedia articles. Turkish. Esperanto. Chinese Mathematics Site Cut-the-knot Encyclopaedia of Mathematics EqWorld English. Dutch. Italian. German. Polish. Slovak. Polish. Italian. Russian. Svenska. Dutch English. Spanish. Spanish and Swedish Project Galactic Guide The Rocklopedia Fakebandica TvTropes English Inspired by The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Articles on fake bands from popular entertainment English. Malay. Esperanto. Russian. German. Portuguese. Slovenian. Quenya Articles related to the devices and conventions that a fiction writer can reasonably rely on as being present in the audience members' minds and expectations Star Wars related articles Free Free Free Articles about Star Trek Free Content dedicated to everything Futurama. Swedish. Italian. Spanish. Croatian. Al Bhed. Articles on comic strips and comic artists Free Free Contains articles pertaining to the American Free television drama Heroes. Serbian.

48.2.20.com MacTutor History of Mathematics archive MyWikiBiz English A wiki encyclopedia that allows people and enterprises to write about themselves Free English English English. Maori Language English English Description Entries on notable Australians who have died Focuses on topics dealing with Greek and Roman mythology and people Entries on notable New Zealanders who have died Entries on notable homosexuals Biographies of mathematicians Free Free Free Access Free Free Philosophy Site Encyclopedia of Marxism Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Language English English Description Topics related to the study of Marxism Philosophy related articles Access Free Free English Philosophy articles Subscription English Philosophy subjects Free ..List of online encyclopedias 67 Articles on a wide variety of math related topics Free MathWorld English On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences PlanetMath The QED Project English Encyclopedia of number sequences (what is next term after 1.4.. established mathematical knowledge. computerized repository that rigorously represents all important.9. ..115. say?) Free English English Math related topics and articles A project to establish a "distributed." Free/GNU Free Music Site Allmusic LyricWiki MOOMA MusicBrainz Language English English Hebrew English Music-related topics A searchable encyclopedic database of song lyrics Articles on Israeli music and musical artists Database of audio albums Description Access Retail sites Free Free Free Biography Site Australian Dictionary of Biography Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology Dictionary of New Zealand Biography glbtq.

the Archaeology. English. French. German. Public Domain Encyclopaedia Biblica English Contains articles pertaining to "the Literary. Dutch Articles on the history of Washington State An academic encyclopedia on the concepts of law Free Free Free Free Access Free Free Religion and theology Site Catholic Encyclopedia Language English Description Topics relating to Catholicism Access Free. [1] Geography. The 1899 edition is available online English A political encyclopedia written from a left/progressive/liberal/Democratic point of view HistoryLink Jurispedia English Arabic. Free Free Free Access Free . economics.List of online encyclopedias 68 Politics and history Site Campaigns Wikia Congresspedia Language English English Description Political issues and campaigns Seeks to improve on public information through articles about US Congress specifics Cyclopaedia of Political Science dKosopedia English Articles pertaining to science. Chinese. and American authors. Public domain Christian Cyclopedia English A collection of historical and theological information Articles on Christianity and theology Free Free. Political and Religious History. and Natural History of the Bible" Articles on Catholicism and apologetics Free Easton's Bible Dictionary English New Advent English Free Science Site Encyclopedia Astronautica Encyclopedia of Earth Javapedia Rationalwiki English English English Language English Description Contains articles on the subject of space exploration and astronomy Articles on the Earth and its ecosystems Coverage of all topics related to the Java platform An encyclopedia dedicated to analyzing and refuting the anti-science movement. Spanish.

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html?_r=1&th&emc=th List of wikis This page contains a list of notable websites that use a → wiki model. most prominent English wiki Citizendium Encyclopedic Requires real names. and learners. The New York Times.com/2009/05/03/business/03digi.bible-researcher.nytimes.0 1619 [3] Copyrighted 10800+ [2] CC-by-sa 3.5 WikiAnswers General knowledge Compiles answers to questions posed Everything2 Personal essays A wiki-like project for essays MeatballWiki Communities—Online communities Social—Criticism of → Wikipedia 4900+ [9] Copyrighted 3625500+ [7] Answers 273900+ [8] Copyrighted GFDL + other 100000+ [4] CC-by 3. May 3. materials.List of online encyclopedias 70 External links • "Encyclopedic Knowledge. Now". a wikimedia project wikiHow General instruction A how-to manual 56651+ [6] CC-by-nc-sa 2. Wikiversity General—Self-directed learning Supports free learning communities. Name → Wikipedia Encyclopedic Focus Notes Umbrella. guided by expert input while allowing edits from the general public Scholarpedia Encyclopedic Written exclusively by professionals focusing on their field of expertise.com/encyclopaedia-biblica. 2009 [2] References [1] Encyclopaedia Biblica (http://www.html) [2] http://www. Then vs. subject to peer review Knol Encyclopedic A wiki-like technology from Google Wikibooks General—textbooks A wikimedia project 115200+ [5] GFDL + other NotePub General purpose An online notepad that allows for both public and private content. projects.0 3000000+ [1] CC-BY-SA Articles 12000000+ License CC-BY-SA Copyrighted Wikitruth 200+ [10] GFDL . multilingual MediaWiki project English Wikipedia Encyclopedic Public access.

a wikimedia project 586400+ [15] GFDL Wikimedia Commons Misc—Electronic media A repository of free electronic media.0 GFDL Wikiquote Reference—Quotations A quote repository. specifically design patterns World's oldest wiki (began circa 1995) An online encyclopedia for developing Java 33886 [20] GPL Javapedia Computers—Java SWiK Computers—Open source software Places A geographical database that links specific names with unique features GeoNames .5 Wookieepedia Fiction—Star Wars Science fiction encyclopedia GFDL A Million Penguins Galaxiki Fiction—collaboratively-written novel Fictional galaxy Dedicated to the creation of a fictional galaxy 491 [19] Copyrighted Lostpedia WikiWikiWeb Fiction—Lost Computer programming.List of wikis 71 Encyclopedia Information and articles are written from a Conservative Christian viewpoint aimed at correcting the perceived liberal bias of Wikipedia [11] Copyrighted (free use) Conservapedia 30600+ Encyclopedia Dramatica Uncyclopedia Satire of Internet memes A satirical wiki 7400+ [12] Fair use Satire—Parody A satirical encyclopedia dedicated to parody 134000+ [13] CC-by-nc-sa 2. a wikimedia project 90200+ [14] Wikisource Reference—Primary sources Dedicated to use on → Wikipedia. a wikimedia project CC-SA and other Biographicon Misc—Biographies of people A directory of personal profiles GFDL MyWikiBiz Misc—Business directory Allows people and enterprises to write about themselves International Music Score Library Project LyricWiki Music A wiki library of public domain musical scores 14800+ [16] GFDL Music—Lyrics A listing of lyrics by album 722000+ [17] CC-BY-SA Whole Wheat Radio Music—Indie music An online community radio station featuring independent music Memory Alpha Fiction—Star Trek Contains canon-only material 29900+ 65000+ [18] CC-NC 2.

directory and almanac for Philippine-based knowledge Travellerspoint Places—Travel A social networking site dedicated to sharing stories and recommendations about travel 2400+ [22] CC-SA 3. examples of university personal statements and information on student life and university courses DavisWiki Place—Davis. currently supports 35 languages Wikitravel Places—Travel A travel guide using wikimedia's software. and for an audience of South Korean expatriates WikiPilipinas Place—The Philippines A combined non-academic encyclopedia. aerial photography and other free sources of images to create a map of the world CC-SA 2. 20 supported languages 48000+ [23] CC-SA 1.0 WikiMapia Places—On-line map Combines Google Maps with a wiki system. web portal. at one point the largest city wiki 13000+ [21] CC-by 3.List of wikis 72 Political Satire Mixed political views.0 Galbijim Wiki Place—South Korea Written by.0 World66 Places—Travel A formerly Dutch company now owned by Internet Brands 46100+ [24] CC-SA 1. based on (but not afilliated with) the "Colbert Report" Wikiality City wiki Places An umbrella term for a variety of wikis dedicated to cities or other geographic regions The Student Room Place—UK University and student life Offers UK university guides.0 Baidu Baike WikiZnanie Encyclopedic/Chinese Encyclopedic/Russian A Chinese encyclopedia A Russian language encyclopedia released under the FreeBSD Documentation License 1519920 [25] Copyrighted .0 OpenStreetMap Places—Maps Uses GPS. revision notes. California A city wiki dedicated solely to Davis. but otherwise unconnected to the Wikimedia Foundation.

Department of State collecting items related to international relations and diplomacy GFDL Diplopedia Government—Diplomacy Jurispedia Government—Law A multi-lingual academic encyclopedia. which competes with Swedish Wikipedia 63400+ [26] Copyrighted Wikinews General—News Collaborative news service. German and Spanish CC-NC SourceWatch Social—Propaganda Formerly Disinfopedia.nu Encyclopedic/Swedish A Swedish language encyclopedia. ZineWiki WikiCandidate Social—Independent media Fictional presidential campaign Congresspedia Government—United States Congress A separately branded sub-section of SourceWatch Encyclopedia of the U.List of wikis 73 Encyclopedic/Spanish A Spanish language fork of Wikipedia GFDL Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español Vikidia Encyclopedic/Spanish and French A Spanish and French language encyclopedia for children ages 8–13 GFDL Susning. French. Chinese.S. discusses propaganda and includes organizations that seek to influence public opinion GFDL Wikileaks Social—Whistleblowers Allows people to leak documents anonymously - Intellipedia Government—Intelligence Three non-accessible wikis running on networks that link the U. including Arabic.S. a wikimedia project GFDL and other GCPEDIA Government Internal Government of Canada Wiki A zine encyclopedia A virtual campaign for a fictional U. intelligence community WikiTimeScale General—Human history An interactive timeline of history GFDL OpenWetWare Science—Biology Promotes sharing and dissemination of knowledge related to biological research CC-SA .S. presidential candidate. English. A project of Cornell University.

.List of wikis 74 Science—Biology A directory of species. guided by medical expert input while allowing edits from the general public CC-NC-ND GFDL WiserEarth Social and Environmental Responsibility Catalogues Information exchange among college students Dutch language only 200000+ Catawiki Collegewikis .. wikimedia project An ontology curation framework and gene function editor GFDL. and other culinary information.0 Psychology wiki Science—Psychology Promotes sharing and dissemination of knowledge related to psychological research Sensei's Library PlanetMath Misc—Go (game) Misc—Mathematics Free wiki-style mathematical encyclopedia 18200+ OPL GFDL ATWiki Misc—Assistive technology Also addresses disabilities related to assistive technology ShopWiki Misc—Products A shopping wiki and product comparison search engine featuring buying guides and shopping resources RitchieWiki Reference—Construction Equipment An equipment wiki geared for the construction industry. recipes. CC-BY Appropedia English Appropriate technology and sustainable development. CC-SA 3. Foodista. Wikispecies BOWiki Science—Gene function GFDL SNPedia Science—Biology A database of research and information about single-nucleotide polymorphisms 3000+ [27] CC-by-nc-sa 3.0 Heroes Wiki Medpedia Fiction—Heroes Encyclopedic Medical/health Requires real names. Ekopedia Multilingual—Encyclopedic Environmental sustainability.com Reference—Food and Cooking A Creative Commons structured wiki about foods. Also available in French and Spanish. Includes equipment specifications.

org AboutUs.wikimedia.org/Special:Statistics?action=raw [18] http://memory-alpha.php?title=List_of_largest_wikis&oldid=1415712 [22] http://www.citizendium.org Internet directory originally with MediaWiki 14.php?title=List_of_largest_wikis [21] http://meta.org/wiki/Wikisource/List [16] http://imslp.wikipedia. but now largely with Ruby on Rails SKYbrary Aviation safety information GFDL and CC-BY-SA See also • • • • • • • • → Comparison of wiki farms → History of wikis → List of online encyclopedias → List of wiki software → Nupedia.com/Special:Statistics [12] http://www.org [30] – a wiki of wiki and new wikis [31] • wikindex.amillionpenguins.surveytome.com/Special:Statistics [7] http://wiki.answers.wikimedia.wikihow. popularity.org/wiki/Category:CZ_Live) lists the number of clusters.com/Special:Statistics [13] http://uncyclopedia.org/w/index.org/article/Special:Statistics [4] http://googleblog.000.000+ software.org/wiki/Special:Statistics [17] http://lyricwiki.cfm .aspx [9] http://www.wikimedia.com/ [8] http://www.com/wiki/index.org/en/index.org/wiki/Wikiquote#List_of_Wikiquotes [15] http://meta.blogspot.php?title=Special:Statistics [11] http://www.usemod. usage • A complete list of Wikia community sites [33] References [1] http://en.org/ wiki/Special:Statistics) for details.org/w/index. [3] http://www.Category:CZ Live (http://en.encyclopediad*amatica.org/wiki/Special:Statistics [2] Citizendium . a defunct.scholarpedia.travellerspoint.php/Special:Statistics [20] http://meta.pl?action=index [10] http://www.com/e2/Stats/General.citizendium.Special:Statistics (http://en. expert-based precursor to wikipedia → UseModWiki Wiki farm Wiki software External links • Open content encyclopedias [28] at the Open Directory Project • meta:Interwiki map • meta:List of largest wikis • Wiki1001.html [5] http://meta.info/index.com [29] – a directory of all wikis • WikiIndex.List of wikis 75 Uninotes.conservapedia.php/Special:Statistics [19] http://www.info/wiki/Main_Page [14] http://meta.com/2009/01/100000th-knol-published.com [32]—wikis ranked by size.org/wiki/List_of_Wikibooks [6] http://www.wikitruth.wikimedia.com/wiki_stats.com/cgi-bin/mb.wikimedia. Citizendium also contains subpages: see Citizendium .

and Document Management functionality into a complete enterprise collaboration solution. Document Management. Ratings. • NoodleWiki [2] • Wiki ASP [2] Coldfusion Based • Canvas ColdFusion Wiki is a ColdFusion → Wiki built to allow for community-based editing of content. online Classified advertising.php?title=List_of_largest_wikis [25] http://meta.org [31] http://wikiindex. .org/shared/Multilingual_statistics [24] http://meta. which combines → Wiki. Haskell-based • gitit is a wiki program written in Haskell.List of wikis [23] http://wikitravel. and Customer relationship management capabilities.com [30] http://wikiindex.php/Special:Statistics [28] http://www.wikimedia.snpedia.com [33] http://www. It uses the famous mediawiki syntax for its → wiki markup and contains tons of enterprise features. organized by topic. It follows basic Wiki standards by allowing anyone to edit content. • ConcourseConnect is a freely available J2EE application made by Concursive which brings together Corporate Social Networking. It uses Git for revision control (now alternatively darcs). ASP Based • OpenWiki [1] began development in 2001. For a list of Websites using wiki software.php?title=List_of_largest_wikis [26] http://meta. The wiki uses wiki markup or WYSIWYG editing.org//Computers/Open_Source/Open_Content/Encyclopedias// [29] http://wiki1001.org/WikiProject:Wikis_to_Add [32] http://wikindex. made by Jive Software. while keeping careful track of the history of each document added to the → Wiki. Blog. Java-based • Clearspace is a commercial J2EE application. see → List of wikis. Reviews.org/w/index.org/w/index.wikimedia. Clearspace uses wiki-style markup or WYSIWYG ("What you see is what you get") editing to allow for clean version control and workflow management. and Project Management modules. • CodexWiki is an Enterprise ColdFusion → Wiki.com/index.wikimedia. Online Community.dmoz.wikia. Blog. Features include → Wiki. Canvas was built using Model-Glue.org/w/index. Business directory.com/wiki/Wikia 76 List of wiki software This is a list of notable wiki software applications.php?title=List_of_largest_wikis [27] http://www. Readers can print or download pages and slideshows in more than ten file formats. Pages are written in Markdown.

Team members who are not using Kerika get their project updates sent to them automatically by email. Document Management. weblog. and it can be run on any application server using any RDBMS backend. revision control and forum functionality. Mindquarry creates a WYSIWYG wiki for each team. JSPWiki is a J2EE application released under the LGPL. discussion board and document management functionality in an enterprise collaboration solution. It is a SaaS application that utilizes WYSIWYG editing. document management. It combines → wiki. attachments. • Gobi is a Javascript-based wiki which runs within Helma. XWiki is a Java wiki engine with a complete wiki feature set (version control. SnipSnap is a Java-based package that combines → Wiki and blog concepts.List of wiki software • Confluence (software) is a commercial J2EE application which combines → Wiki and some blog functionality. GroupSwim Collaboration is a commercial java application that combines → wiki. • codeBeamer is a J2EE application available either with free community support or with commercial support. Macs and Linux. It is a SaaS application or software download that utilizes WYSIWYG editing.) and a database engine and programming language which allows database driven applications to be created using the wiki interface 77 • • • • • • • • • JavaScript-based • TiddlyWiki is a HTML/JavaScript-based server-less wiki in which the entire site is contained in a single file.0. • SamePage is a commercial J2EE application that combines → wiki and blog functionalities in an enterprise collaboration solution. etc. Released under the Apache License 2. JAMWiki is a Java clone of the MediaWiki software and uses the same wiki syntax. issue tracking. It is built using Apache Cocoon and thus based on Java (Mozilla Public License) Reviki stores its data in a Subversion repository and uses Creole markup. It includes its own web server. Kerika is a commercial Java application which combines whiteboarding and document management. Its features include PDF page export and page refactoring. It works on a peer-to-peer model and is available for Windows. discussion and tagging application based on the principles of Douglas Engelbart's On-Line System (NLS) which aggregates multiple blog / → Wiki spaces using a sophisticated permission and inline comment model. JAMWiki is a J2EE application released under the LGPL. • fumarole [3] is a WYSIWYG JavaScript-based server-less wiki that uses Google Gears to store data without slowing down the web browser . Released under the GNU General Public License Traction TeamPage is a commercial enterprise → wiki. but can be built as a war file for use in other servlet engines.

released under the new BSD license. . • MojoMojo is an open-source web2. and stores data in files or Microsoft SQL Server. a "wiki compiler" by Joey Hess .net(C#) . • SharpForge is an asp. or a dedicated hardware appliance.NET framework. • Windows SharePoint Services version 3 has built-in Wiki support. a document management system.0 wiki built on top of the Catalyst web framework. • Perspective is written in C#. blending the functions of wikis. uses the . typically used to run a project development space.net 2. • MVC Wiki is an open source wiki software written in C# using asp. • Foswiki is the new project of the former TWiki community and technically a fork of Twiki. Also available as a VMware appliance. • PodWiki is a wiki which supports multiple markup languages. Perl-based • ikiwiki. It is built on ASP. released under GPL. Pascal-Based • PasWiki is a CGI based wiki using FreePascal. a wiki engine written in Perl 6. the engine for PlanetMath. full featured wiki engine implemented in Lua. • TWiki is a structured wiki.NET/Mono based • DotWiki a Wiki clone written in C#.Net and Microsoft SQL Server. • Sputnik an extensible wiki written in Lua using Kepler. • ScrewTurn Wiki is an open source wiki software written in asp. Microsoft services-based • WikiPoint by Neoworks is a wiki extension for Windows SharePoint Services version 2 and Microsoft Office SharePoint Portal Server 2003. • FlexWiki is written in C#. and stores data in XML files. • Socialtext is an enterprise wiki and weblog partially derived from open-source Kwiki. Socialtext is available as a hosted service.can use Subversion or git as the backend storage mechanism. primarily Perl POD.0(c#) project management application.List of wiki software 78 Lua-based • Nanoki[4] is a small. • November [5].net MVC framework. • Wiki Article Saver is a C# and SQL database supported application by iCDotNet. or any other groupware tool. a knowledge base. → CMSes and blogs • Noösphere. but should also work on Delphi/Kylix. • WWWiki by ktomics is a DotNetNuke module which offers page versioning and several other features. Each project has its own wiki.NET framework. • MindTouch Deki Wiki is a fork of Mediawiki software and released under GPLv2 and LGPLv2. . uses the .

1994) While not strictly Wiki software. TWiki. • TikiWiki CMS/Groupware is one of the larger and more ambitious wiki development projects. Features include security.1.. which operates Wikipedia. it is also used for all other projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation. It uses plain text files and has a simple but powerful syntax which ensures the datafiles remain readable outside the Wiki. Supports templates driven themes. etc. Just like TikiWiki it comes with groupware features and support for many database software. There are also plugins available that enable Blosxom to use the text parsers from Kwiki. • Bitweaver is a fork with an emphasis on speed rather than secondary features. DokuWiki is a simple-to-use Wiki aimed at the documentation needs of a small company. Blooki is also a combination of a blog and a → wiki. Features include: GPL-licensed. • GetWiki is a highly modified version of MediaWiki 1. messaging and the ability for authors to apply licenses to their work. It is written in PHP and uses a MySQL or PostgreSQL database backend. • Oddmuse is a fork of UseModWiki. • IpbWiki inherits the functionality of MediaWiki and adds on integration layer to Invision Power Board on top of it (single sign on. articles. designed for collaborative authoring and maintenance of web • • • • . PmWiki is a PHP-based wiki. It is called Wikiss now.) • TigerWiki is a minimalist and simple wiki framework. article rating system.. Along with Blosxom. Kisimi also has an internal messaging system for communication between users. Based on the DokuWiki syntax. content is saved into a database.List of wiki software • → UseModWiki (Clifford Adams. • CMS Wiki [6] is extremely fast → Wiki that reuses POH (Plain Old HTML) for formatting with easy-to-use WYSIWYG editor • MediaWiki was custom-designed for the high-volume → Wikipedia encyclopedia project. • LionWiki [7] is much improved fork. • WiKissMe [8] is a derivative from WiKiss and influenced by TigerWiki. It is a personal wiki featuring plugins. category ownership. • WikiWikiWeb (Ward Cunningham. forum content in wiki. weblog-engine Blosxom mostly meets the definition when used with its wikieditish and wikiwordish plugins. check the features of the individual Wikis for specifics.). etc. Kisimi is a simple Wiki system aimed at open documentation on any subject. easy installation/customization. including a variety of additional groupware features (message forums.0 • BusinessWiki is an enterprise wiki • NotePub is an online notepad with wiki functionality and privacy settings on a note by note basis. however it is publicly available and suitable for tailoring to other applications. comments and captcha modules. PhpWiki is a WikiWikiWeb clone in PHP. blog. comes with the Liberty CMS engine and has extensive support for the Firebird database. or PurpleWiki. 79 PHP-based Please note that some of the Wikis below have no or limited support for international characters. 2000) is a clone of AtisWiki.

Does not require a database. WikyBlog is a hybrid application with a number of AJAX enhancments that does not implement a WYSIWYG editor.g. Wakka is no longer maintained.Includes authentication and encryption of pages. • WackoWiki is a fork of Wakka. quick and simple to install. tables of contents. and offers reasonable security. aims at providing a collaborative authoring tool for scientific web content. Private Wiki [10] . The interface is designed to not get in the way of the user and hide the "wikiness" of the site as much as possible. Offers good access control based on user groups. with many new features and multilingual interface. latex-like citations. it is a semi-structured database (e. 80 • • • • Python-based • MoinMoin is a Wiki clone written in Python. visual HTML editor (Spaw). OpenOffice export and more. but survives in a number of forks: • CitiWiki • UniWakka is another fork of Wakka. It supports WikiFarms installations. Doesn't require database. standards-compliant. Shares several modules. • WikidBASE combines the flexibility of a wiki and the structural benefits of a database system. • PukiWiki is a PHP-based wiki (Japanese). Powered by Ajax. developers and a bugtracker with an NPJ engine. • TamTam • Trac is a Wiki clone that integrates simple issue tracking and an interface to Subversion. WikiCrowd is a light useful wiki engine intended for multiuser editing of the same page. footnotes. Their site has not been fully translated into English. • WakkaWiki is a PHP/MySQL-based lightweight wiki engine. StreetView Wiki [11] is a simple PHP/MySQL wiki that uses Google Streetview as the interface. It is fairly basic. Includes modules support (called extensions). configurable fork of Wakka with many improvements and new features (among which native support for Mindmaps). • • Wikini [9] has a French interface. and support for Internationalization. • OghamWiki is a WYSIWYG wiki designed for non technical users. • PikiePikie another Python-based Wiki. Extensible with plugins.List of wiki software sites. AJAX library and Smarty template engine. • WikkaWiki is a light. XML and XSL. it can be installed very fast. and allows visitors to choose which "skin" to view the site with. It produces a Wiki that resembles a typical website. • WackoWikiQuickStart is a fork of WackoWiki. Can be used as classic CMS. . • WikidPad is a freeware opensource personal use (single-machine) wiki with native support of international characters (Unicode). PHP. • PikiPiki is a Python-based Wiki. It also features customization via themes and extensibility via plugins. • pwyky is a small (~30KB) wiki written in Python. bibtex import and export. Wiclear is a simple PHP/MySQL-based lightweight wiki engine targeted at data organization and multiple languages. MathML. latex export. it can store any kind of data and its structure may be evolved easily over time).

• WyPy is a minimal wiki written in only 11 lines of Python code. • Instiki is a Wiki clone written in Ruby. It works on a peer-to-peer model and is available for Windows. Linux. • Ruwiki is a simple. and internationalisation. • Kerika is a commercial Java application which combines whiteboarding and document management. It can be used as a stand-alone wiki or run behind Apache. templates. • WindowsWiki is a shareware personal use wiki which is LAN friendly. e-mail notification. Team members who are not using Kerika get their project updates sent to them automatically by email. templates. group Wiki. supporting CGI and WEBrick interfaces. namespaces. • Hiki is another Wiki clone written in Ruby. odt. • Zwiki is a powerful Zope-based GPL wiki engine. tags. along with an open source (Xquared) and open API. video insertion. txt. full text search. and supports several kinds of markup as well as WYSIWYG HTML editing 81 Ruby-based • Git-wiki is a lightweight wiki with a git backend. . It can integrate with the CMF content management framework and *Plone. multi-file uploading. Sycamore's focus is on speed and simplicity. Windows. originally written for the shortest wiki contest [12]. • Springnote is a free WYSIWYG → wiki-based online notebook web application developed by Openmaru studio that supports importing various file formats (doc. including Mac. CSS formatting. XML-RPC. Peer-To-Peer • Integrated into Code Co-op (a P2P version control system). extensible Wiki. originating in Japan. • Pimki is a PIM (Personal Information Manager) loosely based on Instiki's Wiki technology. It requires an http server and comes with a simple one called Tinyweb. as well as others. and intended for use in a windows environment. Macs and Linux. It runs on common platforms.List of wiki software • Sycamore offers web based administration and offers double clicking to edit specific sections of pages. html). • WikklyText includes a wiki that functions much like TiddlyWiki. • Wagn is a structured wiki that enables sophisticated structures based on relating wiki cards Smalltalk • Pier is a Content Management System. built in the style of a Wiki server • Swiki is written in Squeak. revision control.

equations and the like. • WikiServer is a self-contained.mathematics. hosted or locally installable. The current stable release of the latest version runs on Windows and Linux. • DroidWiki is a free wiki for the Android OS (Google Phone etc. Developed by Stan Berka. It stores the notes as Memos (in a separate category) so they can be opened on the desktop machines and exported to an online wiki. 3-pane. email-like. • bLADEWiki is a free wiki for Windows Mobile. based on the Atom publishing protocol. Based on the Android SDK notepad tutorial. • Techwiki claims to be a Wiki optimized for writing technical stuff . discussion. It syncs with a PC based version. implemented in XQuery and XSLT. It is optimised for managing multiple independent wiki groups and projects. Web 2. • Quickie is an open source wiki written in C++. file attachment. but is based on Pier • WikiPad is wiki-like system for Palm OS. Miscellaneous • AtomicWiki is an open source wiki. See also • → Comparison of wiki farms • → Comparison of wiki software • → History of wikis External links • • • • • List of wiki engines at WikiWikiWeb [9] Open Source Wiki Engines in Java [14] Python Wiki Engines [15] List of Open Source enterprise wiki software WikiEngine Category at WikiIndex [17] [16] .List of wiki software 82 PDA • AcroWiki is a commercial editing application with wiki-like syntax for PalmOS. easy-to-install wiki written in C++. tags. • ProjectForum is a commercial wiki.0/Ajax interface. • Trunk is a commercial personal wiki for the iPhone and iPod Touch which uses the Markdown formatting syntax. Supports a subset od TiddlyWiki markup. • IBM Quickr based wiki runs on Lotus Domino & Websphere platform • OpenTeams is a commercial web-hosted wiki with blogging. and SSL encryption functionality in a simple. • WIkiServer [13] is another commercial wiki for the iPhone and iPod touch.).

Both non-commercial and commercial wiki farms are available for users and online communities.com/ [14] http://java-source. A server running a single wiki instance with groups of pages dedicated for specific topics is not a wiki farm.com/nanoki/) [5] http://www. The wiki farm approach has fostered the development of publicly-available wiki hosting services which relieve users of the need to install a wiki server.info/cmswiki/ [7] http://lionwiki. General The following tables compare general information for several wiki farms. In those cases there may be some additional Alexa rankings listed below for some of the larger . While most of the wiki farms allow anyone to open their own wiki.november-wiki.python. With a wiki farm the administrator installs the core wiki code once and establishes unique space on the server(s) for the content of each individual wiki with the shared core code executing the functions of each wiki.net/fumarole [4] Nanoki official page (http://alt.com/Streetview-Wiki/ [12] http://c2.opensource-it.org/moin/PythonWikiEngines [16] http://www.[1] Further information can be found at the websites themselves. however.org/Category:Wiki_Engine Comparison of wiki farms A wiki farm is a server or an array of servers that offer users tools to simplify the creation and development of individual.wikissme. This article is not all-inclusive or necessarily up to date.openwiki.com/dev/asp/noodle/ [3] http://www. Prior to wiki farms. independent → wikis.net/wakka.List of wiki software 83 References [1] http://www. It does not review or endorse any wiki farm. Deployment of redundant code and configurations on the server wasted administrative time and server storage.textdrive.com [2] http://adamv.london2026.org/ [6] http://aplikacja. but often allow payment of a monthly fee as an alternative to accepting ads.php?wiki=HomePage [10] http://www.com/ [11] http://www.0o.private-wiki.com/cgi/wiki?ShortestWikiContest [13] http://www. more than 100 wiki farms have been created.net/open-source/wiki-engines [15] http://www. nor does it include any advertising hyperbole.akbars. configure it. The Alexa traffic rankings are not accurate for those wiki farms that allow some of their hosted wikis to have separate domain names. Many wiki farm companies generate revenue through the insertion of advertisements.com/open_source_wiki_software [17] http://wikiindex.org/ [9] http://www. the administrator of multiple wikis had to install each wiki independently.mobilewikiserver. connect it to the Internet and maintain it. This has greatly increased the availability of wiki technology for users who want to share information on-line through their own wiki. some impose restrictions. or in the linked article for some of the more notable ones.cz [8] http://www.wikini.

17000 2009. Nonfree ? BusinessWiki [6] as of June 4. [20] as of June 10. [9] as of August 3. Wiki farm Alexa rank as of August 2009[2] (lower = higher [3] traffic) @wiki 96000 2009. Free ? HOAwiki Nonfree No Users Choice Intodit Free AS MyFreeWiki (en.Comparison of wiki farms individual wikis in a wiki farm. 2009. Nonfree ? EditThis. [22] 300000 as of August 18. 2009. or a choice of layouts. [11] as of June 6. 2009. 15000 2009. Free/Paid ? Confluence Hosted Nonfree [10] ? CustomerVision BizWiki EditMe 2400000 2009. Free Yes Cost? Ad? Content license 84 BrainKeeper 630000 2009. The wikis are normally provided with a standard layout. 2009. [16] as of June Free/paid ? Creative Commons [17] Hive Wiki [18] 2100000 as of June 10. Some wiki farms allow the layout to be customised using cascading style sheets (css). ? ClearWiki [8] 500000 as of August 18. 630000 2009. Free (3 users) / Paid (14 days trial) Nonfree No GPL Central Desktop [7] as of August 3.PS SuperWiki [15] as of August 3. Free No User Choice Netcipia Free [23] No nexdo (formerly Partnertext) Free/paid ? . Free No Any HelpingStudents. [24] 3900000 as of June 10. 360000 2009. 95000 2009. [5] as of June 4.info 150000 2009. 2009. usually known as skins. 550000 2009.org 15000000 10. 2009. [13] as of June 10. [19] 3900000 as of June 10. 5600 2009. 2009. Free Yes eTouch SamePage [14] as of June 10. [4] as of June 4. Nonfree ? GROU. Nonfree ? [12] as of June 10. fr) [21] 3300000 as of June 10.

Comparison of wiki farms 85 [25] Free ? Oddwiki 736381 2009. 2009 SnoutHold Cospire Socialtext Workspace Hosted Swirrl Wetpaint Wik.org 481000 [47] Free Yes By default Creative Commons. others as needed Wiki-site. as of July 12. [29] as of June 11. GNU FDL. other licenses as requested Wikihost. 2009. Free/paid ? Copyleft license PBworks [30] as of August 3.for personal wikis optimized for iPhone and smartphones No user choice ProjectForum ProjectLocker Referata 750000 161000 [32] [33] Nonfree Nonfree Free/paid ? ? No User choice (via site settings). 3100 2009.is Wikia Wikidot 2217000 49000 [38] Free Nonfree Nonfree Free/Paid Free/paid Free Free/paid [40] ? No Wiki creators can set their own. other licenses . Nonfree [27] ? Ourproject. [39] 921000 1800 [41] No AS ? Yes [42] Creative Commons [43] [44] 50000 264 [45] [46] Creative Commons 4100 Yes/No By default Creative Commons. Free/paid No PicoWiki 1500000 [31] Free/donationware . 1. other licenses) PAUX no data 2009. 2009. 350000 2009. GNU FDL. default is by-sa Creative Commons [35] [34] 405000 as of August 18. GNU FDL.com 207000 [48] Free/paid AS Wiki creators can set their own Wikispaces 3800 [49] Free/paid Yes/No Choice of Creative Commons. OpenTeams [26] 2000000 as of June 11. Russian wiki community SeedWiki 1540000 [36] negotiatable ? negotiatable 492000 [37] Free/paid No Closing as a free site Sept.org Free No Copyleft (choice of Creative Commons. [28] as of June 11.

full-text search. 96000 Free WikiZones. Comprehensive user guide. [?] (custom) English only Some HTML.Comparison of wiki farms 86 [50] [51] [52] No User choice.each wiki has own physical database. Korean and others Some HTML.com Wikkii WikyBlog. domain mapping. RSS enabled. [?] (custom) Some HTML.ouputting plain text. Backups mechanisms. wiki-text) and Open-source version for your safety. mobile web). File storage. and Learning Support. Compatibility with MediaWIki (database standard. mail. full-text search. plugins.com. default Creative Commons Attribution Wiki Spot 238000 . to-do lists.JavaScript.CSS/templatingNo formulas ClearWiki Yes Private secure wikis (with sub-domains) . and RSS abilities. Click on the rank to get the last figures. MediaWiki English WikiText. SSL. full text search (incl docs/files). project templates. integrated Creative Commons licenses 2536000 360000 [55] XWiki YourWiki Wiki farm 390000 732808 [56] [57] Free/paid Free Cost? No AS Ad? Any User choice Content license Alexa. discussions. permissioning. RSS enabled.WYSIWYG editConfluence (software)Confluence Hosted Yes Wiki markup language. Each site gets a subdomain on . Multiple feeds allowing to track information and notify about changes (RSS. teams/groups. file storage. Potential causes of the problem are: (a) table contains a cell with content that does not fit on a single page (b) nested tables (c) table is too wide Wiki farm WYSIWYG editing Features Base wiki engine Multilingual support Syntax support @wiki Yes Selectable edit-mode (WikiText or WYSIWYG or text). Chinese. file uploads. [?] (custom) English. project templates.no scriptNo formulas BusinessWiki Yes Visual editing.onbusinesswiki. page templates. WebDAV. content starring. Folders and tags.com 462711 [53] [54] Free Free Free No Yes ? Any. blogs. solution templates include Sales Support. SSL Encryption. single sign-on to multiple projects. calendaring. Easy PDF document creating. and Custom Domain . single sign-on to multiple projects. Technical WARNING: Table could not be rendered .Math formulas BrainKeeper Yes Access control. image galleries (with thumbnailing). access control. calendaring. full-text search. version control. [?] (custom) HTML. importing. HTML Central Desktop Yes Access control. RSS enabled. HTML pluginscript pluginNo formulas CustomerVision BizWiki Yes Access control. Approximative rank according to Alexa Internet. meta-tagging (labelling). [?] (custom) EditMe Subscription-based.

skins. Swedish and extensible All HTML HelpingStudents. wiki spam protection. RSS. javascript Intodit Yes WYSIWYG editing only.No formulas EditThis. directory. activity report.org Yes Java server pages. and many other languages. picture gallery included. tags.unknown scriptMath formulas PBworks Private or public wikis on .pbworks. mail-in.NET Framework. [?] (custom) Some HTML. Revisions. forums. permissioning. RSS/Atom.TikiWikiTikiWiki CMS/groupware 2. file management. Task management. and bandwidth. Real-Time Chat (optional). Safari.5 Some HTML. and RSS feeds. Comment and Reply forums. Constantsun. RSS & Email Alerts for your group members.JavaScript. permissioning.unknown scriptNo formulas Oddwiki?OddmuseOpenTeams Yes 3-pane drag-and-drop Ajax (programming)Ajax-based interface similar to email and newsfeed readers. scripts and plugin wiki options for school administrators and teachers that provide parental information resources WikiText and HTML editing. email notifications. "What's New" views. SSL Encryption. MoinMoin Supports English.Archiving Work Orders and Violation Reports. administration and support for multiple domains and publicly creatable subdomains . Unlimited file upload space. 2GB per wiki created.org Yes It offers freely a wide collection of services for multi-purpose free/libre projects (not only free software: free knowledge). JSPWikiHive Wiki? WikiText and HTML editing. Smarty code. email alias. discussion.com").No math nexdo (formerly Partnertext) Yes WYSIWYG HTML editing [?] (custom) All HTML. SSL.This is visible from the Control PanelMediaWiki 1.Comparison of wiki farms Support.JavaScript.000 workspaces hosted.e. bliki. 87 . PAUX Password-protected wikis on . dynamic content. versions. blog. layered permissions. Transport Layer SecuritySSL. One level of folders used to organize pages. mobile.PS SuperWiki Yes Secure SSL encrypted login. backups. mailing lists. Supported browsers: Internet Explorer.blogspot. [?] (custom) Ourproject. No page limits.Unknown scriptNo formulas MyFreeWiki Yes Easy and Fast. diffs. online forms. Integrated photo gallery.2 (last stable) Multilingual to 30 languages HTML. all texts customizable. Firefox. keyword search. Customizable templates. layout templates. RSS & Atom. "Everybody with email@domain. FTP. storage. Spanish. CVS/SVN. including wikis. profiles. no time limit. Hebrew. Tag (metadata)tags. Private Intranet implementation with public integration administration and support.No formulas eTouch SamePage Yes Project management. page access settings. Apparently allows free wikis to profit from Google AdSense. right management XWiki English only All HTML. metasearch.5. Over 800. Turkish.info? Unlimited pages and users (but no longer upload of photos" ConstantSun: Image upload issues". [?] (custom) No HTML. blogs. Java (programming language)Java-based (custom) All HTML. Javascript Netcipia Yes Blog. Enzym (custom) English and French All HTML. unlimited spaces. plaintext editors available. [?] (custom) English. group rating. Categories (Subfolders).JavaScript. ZIP backups. colour schemes. classifieds. eTouch CMS (custom.. factoring. 25MB of file upload space. French. attachments with version history. No changes preview.dreusicke-verlag. metasearch. Greek. draft autosaving. i. custom page hierarchies. Advanced Privacy and Moderation Settings. pages.NET-based (custom) HOAwiki Yes Hosted and supported TikiWiki CMS/groupware. edits. powered by) GROU. Wiki Comments (optional). administration and support for multiple domains. private secure wiki spaces (including invitation-only and a domain security option based on validated email domains. No page limits. articles. . French. Retrieved 2009-06-10.com.. newsletters.). public and private wikiswiki. ddbb. 2008-07-06. Domain masking. permissioning.de.com subdomain (higher-level paid plans allow use of a custom domain). subdomains. Multilingual. SSL. slideshow. hosting. factoring.

No page permission settings. all communities are being migrated to .com.com Line document collaboration service and Wiki farm MoinMoinRussian wiki community negotiatable MediaWiki 1. Java (programming language)Java-based (custom) No HTML. there is no limit on the size of the wiki text.JavaScript and Seedwiki widgetsPlugin formulas SnoutHold Cospire Yes Permissions. RSS enabled. stylesheets. Deki Wiki a full featured engine (a MediaWiki fork).5. Retrieved 2009-07-22. viawiki. project templates.Math formulas Wikidot Each site gets a subdomain on .wikia. tags Custom Enter content in many languages. No changes preview. even if the community has moved elsewhere. subdomains. Wikia domains. data sets (with spreadsheet-like user interface). RAID 1 redundant storage of all data. max 5GB (paid version)" viawiki.Math formulas SeedWiki Yes cross-platform WYSIWYG editing. access control. math formulas Riters. Privacy Commitment . Japanese. in a recent change of policies.and page-level access controls available to paying customers and business users. 2008-11-25. All wikis have common login and preferences. Every wiki gets a subdomain of referata.LaTeX formulas ProjectForum [?] (custom) Optional HTML. not the respective communities. Uses MediaWiki.unknown scriptNo formulasProjectLocker Focused on providing software development tools as a service. embedded images. Wiki features include Unlimited document storage. searching.Your Data is Yours Alone. and managers.MediaWiki 1. to enable wikis to serve as collaborative databases. feedback mechanisms. public/private security models. although help pages are mostly in English Standard MediaWiki scripting. Firefox. .com. names. [?] (custom) All HTML. Support for attachments on documents.com". Retrieved 2009-06-10. paid option for having one's own domain that the wiki-owner can tag on to his wiki [?] (custom) All HTML.com. public/private pages. Database download available. result tables. Custom access profiles for partners. attach files. RSS.JavaScript. profiles. Chinese. wikia. profiles [?] (custom) Socialtext Workspace Yes Enterprise Wiki. Free account 50 MB. Secure access via SSL. ratings. site activity report.com (like 88 . tags.Deki WikiWetpaint Yes WYSIWYG editing only. Free accounts limited to 2 GB. . Referata. subscriptions. search engine. Community Support in English. . full-text search (including file attachments). German. and attachments (including from email). page locking. 24/7 Server Monitoring [?] (custom) Referata No A semantic wiki hosting site. custom page hierarchies. Supports text. customers. Nightly backups. paying accounts get up to unlimited storage. stores in XML. no limit on number of pages and backups.com. user interface in English ViaWiki Yes Free version is ad-supported. Retrieved 2009-06-10. and identifiers owned by Wikia Inc. Single sign-on to multiple projects.15 Dozens of languages.14 All languages Wikipedia exists for (and some more). Help:Semantic MediaWiki".JavaScript. Supported browsers: Internet Explorer. Free wikis are limited to 5 MB of uploaded file storage. skins.is Yes Access control. Spanish and Portuguese. calendars. etc.8 UTF-8/Russian Some HTML. keyword search. along with Semantic MediaWiki and related extensions. light project management.com subdomains. rich text. No means to close an inactive wiki. document management. page and comment watching." wikia. paid version has option of using own domain.com. permissions.seedwiki.Comparison of wiki farms Folder. category organizer. wiki-mode. database.MediaWiki 1." Features". video. formerly known as Wikicities. Paid account ($99/yr) 1 GB. versioning. maps.Unknown scriptNo formulas MindTouchWik. Comment and Reply forums with comment ratings. with custom forms. Some HTML.wikidot. tag filtering.JavaScript. Derived from Kwiki Swirrl Yes Text pages. Deki WikiWikia Yes Wiki hosting service created in 2004. Will configure Semantic MediaWiki on request. although some paid service levels also allow for custom domains.

Diff function. private RSS feeds for Users (notifications and watched items). Initially 1GB storage and 10GB bandwidth. more to come. AJAX enhanced tabbed interface WikyBlog (custom) UTF-8 with English. Public and private wikis. Private and Public wikis with access to content dumps (by request). GoogleVideo. One can optionally allow Wikidot to display ads on their wiki and get 80% of revenue. No limits on site size. advanced page (full/section/append) edit locking.com). Complete wiki export. Google text-ads added to the right sidebar for free accounts. Custom page hierarchies. searching. Polish. Spanish. File and Image upload.velocity/groovyNo formulas YourWiki Yes Founded in 2008. Blog import function/ integration with Blogger. Also there is possibility to map a custom domain (like mywiki. full-text search. customizable themes (every item can be styled with CSS). use bookmarks and track changes across multiple wikis.CSS stylingLaTeX math formulas Wikihost. RSS. user rights control for paid accounts. No HTML. advanced forum for each Site. Italian.0 English. intuitive syntax. wiki spam protection. Private label service available.com Yes Wiki farm with unlimited pages and users.Wikispaces ads can be turned off for a fee. Unlimited pages..Comparison of wiki farms mywiki. German. add-ons. MediaWiki or User Chosen WikyBlog. Subdomains for wikis larger than 30 pages.com -. Fulltext search..com No advertising on user accounts. photos from Flickr. that allow to embed a video from YouTube. [?] (custom) Optional HTML. unlimited users XWiki All HTML. Some HTML. users get a subdomain on wikispaces. Interface in 150 languages.net sub domain and will support custom domains. Free version supported by Google ads .com Features complete back-end control with full FTP and Cpanel access. Russian. Russian and Community support in French. interface in English Wikitext (MediaWiki compatible) XWiki custom skin. one sub-domain per wiki (yourwiki. css and JavaScript. and plugins. Lots of widgets.com and Typepad. Supports migration to and from other wiki hosts. skins. YourWiki provides users with their own yourwiki. user accounts work on all wikis. RSS for page changes and forum. Themes and stylesheets can be customized. unlimited custom skins.wiki-site.wikizones. Supports images from 89 . AOL and more. Spanish and Korean Some HTML. users. HTML and wiki syntax editing. Also Supports single user login (SUL / SSO / Global Accounts). Email notifications. German and over 70 other languages. Sycamore Wikkii.if previously registered by the wiki owner) for free. Arabic. SEO-friendly. Can close an inactive wiki. Edit locking. Revert of old revisions GeboGebo Wiki-site. or members. MediaWiki 1. blocking users and IP addresses.Unknown scriptMath formulas Wiki Spot No advertising. There are no limits on quantity of pages.Math formulas Wikispaces Yes Clean easy to use interface. easy space backups in ZIP (file format)zip and Tar (file format)tgz. images etc.com).JavaScript.com. Google Login.wikidot. Install any wiki script. Simple. Free domain names for popular wikis.11. Turkish. No limits on pages/disk space.com Free. Add unlimited custom templates. RSS feeds available on all pages. traffic. chats from Meebo and many more). standard wiki markup language (MediaWiki compatible) Java-based (custom) All languages (UTF-8). A free *. Uses Ajax (programming)Ajax for clean and fast (no browser page-reload) interface. Unlimited Revisions. OpenID.org 100 MB space. User authentication. Customizable CSS by wiki and user CSS. Yahoo. Private wikis. French. Modified Text_Wiki engine English. Supports custom extensions. Low profile adsense advertising only (can be removed for a small fee). Full RSS (file format)RSS support. spaces. Easy to create a wiki and configure settings.com domain is offered.No scriptNo math WikiZones. RSS (file format)RSS import/export. Live Journal. Each user can create up to 20 wiki sites and be a member of an unlimited number of wikis. Provides users with WYSIWYG. . Private messages between users. No limits on numbers of pages.

alexa. GoogleVideo etc).com) traffic rank [20] Intodit (http://www. PD etc).com) traffic rank [19] HOAwiki (http://www.alexa.com) traffic rank .alexa. Most HTML.wikipedia.alexa.com) traffic rank [23] paid for dedicated servers [24] nexdo (http://www.alexa. Will configure Semantic MediaWiki on request.net) traffic rank [22] Netcipia (http://www.org) traffic rank [17] (http://helpingstudents.wikimatrix.Math formulas Wiki farm WYSIWYG editing Features Wiki engine Multilingual support Syntax support 90 See also • • • • • • Collaborative real-time editor Collaborative software → Comparison of wiki software List of collaborative software → List of wiki software → List of wikis • Wiki software External links • Wiki farms [65] at the Open Directory Project • Wikimatrix.com/data/details/traffic_details/hivewiki.com) traffic rank [5] Brainkeeper (http://www. WikiMatrix.org/JSPWiki/Wiki.com) traffic rank [8] ClearWiki (http://www. [4] atwiki (http://www.ps) traffic rank [16] HelpingStudents (http://www.com/data/details/traffic_details/myfreewiki.com/data/details/traffic_details/atlassian. with interactive selection of wikifarms based on user preference [66] References [1] "WikiMatrix .Compare them all" (selectable table). webpage: wikimatrix-org-main (http:// www.15 Support for the vast majority of languages.com) traffic rank [9] Confluence Hosted (http://www.com/data/details/traffic_details/atwiki.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/netcipia.alexa. [2] http://en.com) traffic rank [6] BusinessWiki (http://www. CC.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/editthis.com/data/details/traffic_details/helpingstudents.com/data/details/traffic_details/brainkeeper.com/data/details/traffic_details/onbusinesswiki. Click on the rank to get the last figures.jsp?page=License) [18] Hive Wiki (http://www.net) traffic rank [15] GROU. MediaWiki 1.alexa.com) traffic rank [12] EditMe (http://www.PS SuperWiki (http://www.alexa. Choose your own free content licence (GFDL.com/data/details/traffic_details/etouch.info) traffic rank [14] eTouch SamePage (http://www.Comparison of wiki farms Wikimedia Commons and Flickr seamlessly as well as videos from most popular video sharing sites (YouTube. Full RSS support.com/data/details/traffic_details/centraldesktop.alexa.alexa.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/hoawiki.com/data/details/traffic_details/customervision.JavaScript. Technical Support in English.com) traffic rank [13] EditThis (http://www. 2007.com) traffic rank [10] Free for charitable nonprofits and open source projects [11] CustomerVision BizWiki (http://www.com/data/details/traffic_details/grou.com/data/details/traffic_details/clearwiki.com/data/details/traffic_details/intodit.org/wiki/Comparison_of_wiki_farms [3] Approximative rank according to Alexa Internet. Automated wiki creation has been announced.alexa.alexa.org/).com/data/details/traffic_details/nexdo.com) traffic rank [7] Central Desktop (http://www. YourWiki also has a Toolserver for hosting scripts and bots.alexa.alexa.alexa.com) traffic rank [21] MyFreeWiki (http://www.com/data/details/traffic_details/editme.

net domain / or most are not public wikis.alexa.alexa.com. Referata. Referata.html) [43] Wetpaint (http://www.referata.alexa.org) traffic rank [48] Wiki-site (http://www.com) traffic rank [44] Wik.com/data/details/traffic_details/projectforum.alexa. mail-in.org) traffic rank [52] (For generally non-commercial projects.swirrl. Retrieved 2009-06-10. .viawiki.alexa. Socialtext.com) traffic rank [46] Wikidot (http://www.com) traffic rank [49] Wikispaces (http://www.alexa. .com/data/details/traffic_details/communitywiki.com.alexa.com) traffic rank [34] Referata (http://www.com/wiki/Help:Semantic_MediaWiki)".com/data/details/traffic_details/wetpaint.org) traffic rank [51] Davis Wiki (http://www.org/ 91 .ru) traffic rank [37] SeedWiki (http://www.com) traffic rank [27] Free for charitable nonprofits and read-only access [28] Ourproject (http://www.com) traffic rank [42] Swirrl Terms Of Service (http://www.php)".com/data/details/traffic_details/wikia.com/data/details/traffic_details/wik.alexa.alexa.com/levels.org/Computers/Software/Groupware/Wiki/Wiki_farms/ [66] http://www.com (http://www.net) traffic rank [58] " ConstantSun: Image upload issues (http://constantsun. Help:Semantic MediaWiki (http://help. Retrieved 2009-02-03. Few wikis appear to be on the socialtext.org) traffic rank [29] PAUX (http://www.com/data/details/traffic_details/projectlocker.org) traffic rank [26] OpenTeams (http://www.alexa.com/2008/07/image-upload-issues.alexa. [59] This is visible from the Control Panel (http://editthis.alexa.com) traffic rank [50] Wiki Spot (http://www. [62] " viawiki. Retrieved 2009-06-10.html)".alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/openteams. Retrieved 2009-06-10.alexa. [63] " wikia.com/terms_of_service.com/data/details/traffic_details/swirrl. directory.com) traffic rank [47] Wikihost (http://www. . classifieds.com) traffic rank [38] SnoutHold Cospire (http://www.com/products/pricing. newsletters.com/data/details/traffic_details/wikihost.alexa.wikia.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/paux. [41] Swirrl (http://www.is (http://www.net) traffic rank.wikimatrix.com/data/details/traffic_details/wikidot.php.alexa. .com/data/details/traffic_details/seedwiki. 2008-11-25.com) traffic rank [31] PicoWiki (http://www. dynamic content.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/socialtext.com/data/details/traffic_details/wikispaces.com/data/details/traffic_details/wiki-wiki.com.com/data/details/traffic_details/ourproject. html)".com/data/details/traffic_details/referata. 2008-07-06.com) traffic rank [54] Wikkii (http://www.is) traffic rank [45] Wikia (http://www. [61] " Features (http://www. See Wiki Spot Community Guidelines) [53] WikiZones.Comparison of wiki farms [25] Oddwiki (http://www.com. .blogspot.com) traffic rank [33] ProjectLocker (http://www.alexa.dmoz.com) traffic rank [39] Socialtext (http://www. RSS/Atom.alexa.alexa.com) traffic rank [56] XWiki (http://www.com) traffic rank [57] YourWiki (http://www.com/data/details/traffic_details/wiki-site. viawiki.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/picowiki. [64] http://pear. slideshow.alexa. Retrieved 2009-06-10.com) traffic rank [30] PBwiki (http://www.alexa.com) traffic rank [55] WikyBlog (http://www.com/data/details/traffic_details/cospire. blogs.com/wiki/Referata:Features)".com/data/details/traffic_details/daviswiki.socialtext.com) traffic rank [32] ProjectForum (http://www. Constantsun.blogspot.com/data/details/traffic_details/wikispot.referata.com (http://www. Retrieved 2009-07-22.com/siteinfo/wikizones.com. Yaron (2009-01-24).com/wiki/Referata_talk:Features)". layered permissions.com/data/details/traffic_details/wikkii. . wikia.com/data/details/traffic_details/wikyblog.com/data/details/traffic_details/xwiki. [40] " SocialText Packages & Pricing (http://www. online forms.alexa.info/lumeniki/Control_Panel) [60] Archiving Work Orders and Violation Reports. [36] Russian wiki community (http://www.alexa. mobile. so the Alexa rating doesn't seem very relevant.alexa.net/package/Text_Wiki/ [65] http://www.com/data/details/traffic_details/pbworks.com/data/details/traffic_details/yourwiki.alexa.com) traffic rank [35] Koren. articles. " Custom license? (http://www.

org April 4. Personal. 2009 N/A Free for 1 project. Inc. Apache Derby or PostgresAtlassian ConfluenceConfluenceAtlassian Software SystemsMay 12. $600–4000 academicCommercial. 2007 N/A Subscriptions start at $5/monthProprietary softwareProprietary No ? Supports Multilingual Content J2EE/Java (programming language)JavaRDBMS BusinessWiki Divante. 2007MediaWikiSubscriptions start at $150/monthGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes PHP. UTF-8. $395 and up for teams Proprietary softwareProprietary No ? Yes ASP. MySQL. 2004 3.0 June 2.7 February 9. additional users $59/user/yearProprietary softwareProprietary No ISO8859-1. General Information WARNING: Table could not be rendered . $1200–8000 commercial. 2007February 1. 2007 N/A Free Ver Available. and are not taken to be complete statements of the licenses.NET/C Sharp (programming language)C#Microsoft SQL ServerAxosoft OnTime Axosoft October 1. Inc. Academic. Some packages may use libraries under different licenses. Community. … Yes Java (programming language)Java. 2005 Winter Release '07 November 12. 2009 N/A Free LGPL Yes ? Yes PHPMySQL PostgreSQL Oracle FirebirdBrainKeeper BrainKeeper. Open Encoding Multilingual Programming language Data managementData source backendArtificialMemory ArtificialMemory Semantic Wiki April 1. Potential causes of the problem are: (a) table contains a cell with content that does not fit on a single page (b) nested tables (c) table is too wide Creator First public release date Latest stable release Stable release date Predecessor Cost (USD) Software licenseLicenses here are a summary. PostgreSQL. 2003October 1. Java EERelational databaseRDB (PostgreSQL. 2007 2.5. … Yes J2EE/Java (programming language)JavaSQL/LDAP including: MySQL.NET/C Sharp (programming language)C#Microsoft SQL ServerBitweaver Bitweaver. 2007December 5. Paid plans start at $25/monthProprietary softwareProprietary No ??PHPPostgreSQLClearspaceJive SoftwareJanuary 7. 2009 N/A Free (open source project or community or personal). 2009 N/A For internal collaboration and communities of practice: free for up to 5 users. $29 and up for moreProprietary softwareProprietary No UTF-8 Yes ASP. Oracle databaseOracle. 2007 N/A Free for 1 User.6. April 19.January 5. C Sharp (programming language)C# on Mono (software)MONOMySQLCentral Desktop Central Desktop Inc. 2004 2. UTF-8.Comparison of wiki software 92 Comparison of wiki software The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of wiki software packages. 2006January 15. Open Source Project No ISO8859-1.NET/C Sharp (programming language)C#Microsoft SQL ServerCodeBeamer (software)codeBeamerIntland Software2002 5.3. October 1.0. Oracle .1 May 14.ouputting plain text.1 May 2009 N/A Proprietary softwareProprietary No UTF-8 No Java (programming language)JavaMySQL. IBM DB2 and Microsoft SQL ServerComindwork Comindwork February 5. Oracle DatabaseOracle. 2007 N/A Enterprise Subscriptions start at +$500/monthProprietary softwareProprietary No ??ASP.

3 February 1.0 Yes UTF-8 Yes Java (programming language)JavaFlat-file. and free and paid hosted versions offered. 2007 N/A For internal collaboration: priced on a per user/month basisProprietary softwareProprietary No ? ? Java (programming language)JavaMySQLHOAwiki CMS/groupware Troxler Inc. 2009 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL v2 Yes UTF-8 Yes PHPMySQL. June 1. 2009MediaWiki Free GNU Lesser General Public LicenseLGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes Java (programming language)Java Most JDBCJDBC compliant databases. .2 September 9.25 June 25.7. Inc. 2007 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??Java (programming language)JavaMySQL or Oracle databaseOraclecoWiki Daniel T.7.1 August 1.Database store (somewhat)Gitit (software)Gitit John MacFarlane November 8.GNU General Public LicenseGPL/Lesser GNU General Public LicenseLGPL. PostgreSQL. 2008 N/A Free Common Public LicenseCPL Yes ??ASP.15. 2007 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL v2 Yes ??PHPMySQL.7. 2002 2007.. or HSQLfile system using HSQLJotSpot JotSpot October 2004 2. Subversion (software)SVNKanopia Kanopia. 2008 PikiPiki Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes Python . 2006 8. 2007 N/A Free GNU Lesser General Public LicenseLGPL Yes ??PHPMySQL and Revision Control SystemRCSMoinMoin Jurgen Hermann. Revision Control SystemRCSGroupSwim CollaborationTN20September 23. UTF-8 Yes PerlFlat-file. C Sharp (programming language)C#File system.6 June 21. Thomas Waldmann. SQLiteMidgard (software)Midgard WikiHenri BergiusSeptember 29.3..0.13. Microsoft SQL ServerFoswiki Foswiki Community December 26. free for anyone with ". Yes ??Ruby programming languageRubyRuby on Rails#ModelActive RecordIpbWikiGlobalSoftFebruary 25.2 March 31. 2008 N/A Free Ruby LicenseInstiki . XMLJSPWiki Janne Jalkanen July 6. 2001 2. Paul Hanchett March 2002 0. 2007 5.2 December 31. Revision Control SystemRCS. 2008 2.1 July 13. per the Ruby license.Comparison of wiki software databaseOracle. Apache License Yes UTF-8 Yes PHP. 2005 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??PHP5MySQLMindTouch DekiMindTouch & community July 25. 2006 N/A From $100/mo Proprietary No ??Java (programming language)JavaFile system. 2006 0.2 December 6. 2008 0.0 March 17. 30$/year for full version Proprietary No ??PHPMySql. August 1. 2008 1.8.0 September 23. Revision Control SystemRCS.0 February 28.0 July 24. 2004 1. 93 2005February 12.0 February 2. 2009 [-] Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes Haskell (programming language)HaskellGit (software)Git. 2000 1.95/month/user. DB2.5. 2009TWiki Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ISO8859-1. 2008MediaWikiFree & open-source edition. PostgreSQLKerika Kerika. 2007 N/A Free for the basic version.3 April 25. July 28.edu" email address Proprietary No ??Java (programming language)JavaObject-oriented databaseMediaWikiWikimedia FoundationJanuary 25. 2002 1.1 August 1. May 1. LLC August 1. Microsoft SQL Server or Oracle DatabaseOracleJAMWiki Various June 30. paid enterprise edition.4 February 24.8. 2009 N/A Free Apache Public License 2.08. 2004 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??C (programming language)CFile systemDokuWiki Andreas Gohr July 2004February 14. 2008 N/A Subscriptions start at $28/monthProprietary softwareProprietary No UTF-8 Yes PHPMYSQLInstiki David Heinemeier Hansson ? 0. C Sharp (programming language)C# on Windows or Mono (software)MonoMySQLDidiWiki Matthew Allum ? 0. 2009February 14.NET.1 September 25. 2009 Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL v2 Yes UTF-8 Yes PHPFile systemEditMe EditMe. Inc. 2007 0. 2005 1.06. Gorski. 2006 1. 2007 N/A From $5/mo Proprietary No ??Java (programming language)Java (Hosted)MySQLFlexWiki David Ornstein ? 2. no SQL-based storage Foswiki mailing list .5 September 30.Ruby License Instiki is distributed under the same terms as Ruby itself. MS SQL Server)Corendal Wiki Thierry Danard May 14. 2007 N/A $9.

2006 2.00 June 17. 2006roWiki Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??PHPFile systemTikiWiki CMS/Groupware Luis Argerich (200+ devs nowadays) October 9. Available deployment options include: free open-source and VMware image downloads. Proprietary softwareProprietary No UTF-8 No PHPMySQLQwikiWikiFebruary 1. NCsoftMarch 2007 Beta October 2007 N/A Free Proprietary No ISO8859-1.org July 2005 2. MySQL (mod) TigerWiki Chabel.2. 2009 N/A Free GPL Yes ? Yes ASP. 2009 N/A Free GNU Lesser General Public LicenseLGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes PHPMySQL. Pound (networking)Pound. 2008SmallWiki Free MIT LicenceMIT Yes ??Smalltalk. Microsoft SQL Server. MySQL. others Near-Time Near-Time. SQLite.Comparison of wiki software (programming language)PythonFlat-fileMojoMojo Marcus Ramberg & community August 29.5. hosted services and dedicated appliances. 2009 N/A Free Perl Yes UTF-8 Yes PerlPostgreSQL.Open-source and commercial licensing options? No ?PerlPostgreSQLSpringnoteOpenmaru. MySQL.36 January 10. 2009 N/A $109/user Proprietary No UTF-8 Yes ASP. C Sharp (programming language)C#. . 2007 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??ASP. Shift JIS. 2005 2007.3. SQLite (plug-ins) Portili TeamWikihttp://portili. UTF-8. PostgreSQL or Oracle 94 . PostgreSQL. Inc. ???? Free MIT LicenceMIT Yes ??Squeak?Socialtext Socialtext 2003 3. Free version for personal use. 2007WikiWikiWeb Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??PHPBerkeley DB.. C Sharp (programming language)C#Microsoft SQL ServerTiddlyWiki Jeremy Ruston September 2004 2. EUC-KR Yes Ruby on RailsMySQLSwikiMark Guzdial. 2002 2.999032 August 2.1 August 4.4.9 Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??PerlFlat-fileOpenWiki ? 0.0. 2008May 20. UTF-8 ? PHPFlat-fileSamePageeTouch SystemsJanuary 2007 March 2009 March 1.19 November 2. Jochen Rick October 1999 1. 2009 N/A For internal collaboration and knowledge management: SaaS & hosted pricingProprietary softwareProprietary No ? Yes J2EE/Java (programming language)JavaSQL/LDAPScrewTurn Wiki ScrewTurn Software September 3.5 December 6. 2008 Free Proprietary No UTF-8 No PHPMySQLPersonal_PPC_WikiPersonal PPC Wiki Tony Steward November 2008 1. 2005 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??SqueakFile systemSycamore (software)Sycamore Philip Neustrom May 2006 1. MySQL.. Flat-file.NET.78 sp1 March 19. XSL TransformationsXSLTMicrosoft Indexing Service. 2006MoinMoin Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??Python (programming language)PythonPostgreSQLThoughtFarmer ThoughtFarmer May 2006 3.2. 2008June 22.NET.1 Pricing varies. Microsoft SQL Server or flat-fileSmallWiki Lukas Renggli.1 June 3.0 January 18.. 2007 0. 2009 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ISO8859-1.1 June 27. VBScriptMS Access and Microsoft SQL ServerOpenLink Wiki ? Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL and Commercial License ?????PAUX From €300/mo Free and Commercial License?????PBworks David Weekly May 30.NET.99 per month for unlimited spaces and unlimited usersProprietary No ??Ruby on RailsmySQLOddMuseWiki Alex Schroeder UseModWiki 0. C Sharp (programming language)C#MySql.2.0..0 June 27. lighttpdPicoWikiPaul KlippMay 20. . November 20.0. 2002 3. 2005TipiWikiFree & Paid options available Proprietary No UTF-8?PHPMogileFS. 2007 N/A Starts at $24. 2009 N/A Enterprise edition: $339. Squeak Image-based. MySQL. 2008 N/A Free BSD licensesBSD Yes ??JavaScript Single file.0.17 September 23. Firebird Pier_(software)Pier Lukas Renggli ? 1.28.1 October 2008 3. 2008 N/A Free BSD License Yes ISO8859-1.4 February 2009 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??Basic4ppcFile SystemPerspective (software)Perspective Alan Slater March 2004 0. XMLPhpWiki Steve Wainstead. and pluggable PmWiki Patrick Michaud February 6.6. December 1999 1.14 July 1. Oracle 8.comJune 17. UTF-8 Yes PHPFlat-file. 2002 N/A Free ????Active Server PagesASP.0 May 17. Squid cacheSquid. 2009 1.922 February 6.

discussion.org.7. 1999 4.0 September 12.2. Revision Control SystemRCS. document management for internal / external collaboration and communities: free for up to 5 users. MogileFSWikiwig Steve Goldman (Formerly Starcrouz) July 20. WikiWikiWebWard Cunningham 1995 ? ? Apple HyperCard see QuickWiki ? ? ? ? Perl ? WikkiTikkiTavi Tavi ? 0. pluggable storage backend UseModWiki Clifford Adams January 22. Apache Derby.8.7 July 20. 2009 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes PHPMySQLXWiki Ludovic Dubost February 2004 1. and paid hosting solutionsGNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ISO8859-1. 2000 1. JavaScriptXMLWikispaces Tangient LLC March 18. 2008JosWikiFree download at twiki. 2008 Wikiwig 4. 2005May 15. 1999 0. UTF-8 Yes PerlFlat-file.2 August 11. Oracle. pricing starts at $3750 / year for 25 usersProprietary softwareProprietary No UTF-8.1 March 3. 2004 0.net offers Certified TWiki Virtual Appliance with/without support.61.1 December 24. 2003AtisWiki Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??PerlFlat-fileWackoWiki Roman Ivanov March 2003 R4.6.0 October 28.0.7 June 15. tagging. HSQLDB ZWiki Simon Michael November 5. 2008WakkaWiki Free BSD licenseBSD Yes ? Yes PHPMySQLWiclear David Jobet June 25.Zope Object Database Creator First public release date Latest stable release Stable release date Predecessor Cost (USD) Software license Open source Encoding Multilingual Programming language Data managementData backend 95 Target audience Wiki software Public Private Corporate/Enterprise Education Intranet Personal ArtificialMemory Axosoft OnTime Bitweaver BrainKeeper BusinessWiki No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes .x Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ? Yes PHPMySQLWikkaWiki Wikka Development Team May 16. 2008 N/A Enterprise wiki. 2004 1.1. 2009 Twiki Free GNU Library General Public LicenseLGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes Java (programming language)JavaPostgreSQL. 2009 0. live blogging.3 May 9.10 March 26. 2006 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??PHPMySQLWiki ServerApple Computer comes with OS X Server Proprietary softwareProprietary No WikiCrowd Stas Davydov June 4. … Supports multi-lingual content(and supports i18n) Java SE/Java (programming language)Java Flat File and File System / WebDAV for Attachments TWiki Peter Thoeny October 1998 4. blog.1. 2009WakkaWiki Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ISO8859-1 No PHPMySQL wiki.3. 2008 N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes Python (programming language)PythonZope Object DatabaseZODB . 2009 N/A Free LGPL Yes UTF-8 Yes PHP. 2009Free & Paid options available Proprietary No UTF-8 Yes PHPMySQL.Comparison of wiki software databaseOracle via ADOdbTraction TeamPage Traction Software December 1. XSL. twiki. MySQL.01 May 28. 2004 R5.26 ? N/A Free GNU General Public LicenseGPL Yes ??PHPMySQLWikyBlog Josh Schmidt September 2005 1.rc September 12.

Comparison of wiki software

96

Central Desktop Clearspace codeBeamer Comindwork Confluence Corendal Wiki coWiki MindTouch Deki DidiWiki DokuWiki EditMe FlexWiki Foswiki Gitit GroupSwim Collaboration HOawiki CMS/groupware Instiki IpbWiki JAMWiki JotSpot JSPWiki Kerika MediaWiki Midgard Wiki MoinMoin MojoMojo Near-Time OddMuseWiki OpenWiki PBworks Personal_PPC_Wiki Perspective PhpWiki PmWiki Portili TeamWiki SamePage ScrewTurn Wiki Socialtext

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes

Yes Yes

Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes

Yes Yes

Yes

Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No [28] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes

Yes Yes

Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes No Yes Yes

Yes

Comparison of wiki software

97

Springnote Swiki Sycamore ThoughtFarmer TiddlyWiki TigerWiki TikiWiki CMS/Groupware Traction TeamPage TWiki
→ UseModWiki

Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes

Yes

Yes Yes

Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Public

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

WackoWiki Wiclear WikiCrowd Wikispaces Wikiwig WikkaWiki WikkiTikkiTavi WikyBlog XWiki ZWiki Wiki software

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes

Yes

Yes Yes Yes Private

Yes Yes Yes Corporate/Enterprise

Yes Yes Yes Education

Yes Yes Yes Intranet

Yes Yes

Personal

Features 1
File uploading Spam / prevention attachments Page Inline User-customizable [30] [31] Document HTML access interface [29] renaming control Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

ArtificialMe mory Axosoft OnTime Bitweaver

Yes Yes

No No

Yes

Yes, CAPTCHA for registration and anonymous edits or comments. Yes, CAPTCHA

Yes

Yes

Yes, themes, modules, layout

Yes

Yes BrainKeeper

No

Yes

Yes

[32]

Yes

Comparison of wiki software

98

BusinessWi ki

Yes

Yes, CAPTCHA

Yes

Yes

Yes, templates and themes, html and css Yes, templates and themes, html and css Yes

Yes, links are updated No

Central Desktop

Yes

Yes, CAPTCHA

No

Yes

Clearspace

Yes

optional

Yes, extensive permissions API Yes

Yes

No, scheduled for 3.0

Comindwo rk

Yes

No

Yes

Yes, templates and themes Partial - JSP pages + CSS

Yes

codeBeam er

Yes

No

Yes

optional

Yes, links don't break Yes, links are updated Yes

Confluence

Yes

Yes, CAPTCHA

Yes

optional

Yes, templates and themes + CSS

Yes Corendal Wiki coWiki No

No

Yes

Yes

Partial - Velocity templates + CSS

No

Yes, due to UNIX-style permissions

No

Partial hand-edited templates, document "Print version" Yes

Yes, all pages are seamlessly updated

MindTouch Deki DidiWiki

Yes

Yes

Yes

optional

Yes

No

No

No

escaped

Partial style-sheets

rename the document file Yes, plugin

DokuWiki

Yes

Yes, blacklist

Yes, optional

Yes, optional

Yes, templates, CSS, PHP; heavily documented PHP [33] API Partial - CSS, XSLT, user editable navigation Partial - CSS, templates, WikiTalk

EditMe

Yes

No, blacklist

Yes, optional

Yes

Yes

FlexWiki

Yes

Yes, blacklist, CAPTCHA, nofollow Yes
[34]

Yes

Yes, plugin

Yes, old page becomes a redirect Yes, fixing backlinks Yes

Foswiki

Yes

Yes

Yes

templates, skins, user CSS templates, user CSS

Gitit

Yes

Yes: reCaptcha, blacklist, etc.

Yes

Yes

preset skins Yes HOAwiki Yes Yes Yes Yes . templates. templates Yes. bot detection Yes. optional JotSpot Yes No Yes Yes. User CSS. old page becomes a redirect Yes IpbWiki Yes Yes JAMWiki Yes Yes. encrypted email addresses No Yes Yes Partial .Comparison of wiki software 99 GroupSwim Collaboration Yes Yes. CSS No . Akismet.CSS JSPWiki Yes Yes. optional Partial . content by regexp. templates Yes . URL blacklist. banning.many features are user-customizable. content by regexp Yes Yes. word blacklist. CAPTCHA for registration & anonymous edits or comments. captchas (as used on [35] wikinews) No Yes Partial . IP blocking.CSS No File uploading Spam / prevention attachments Page Inline User-customizable [30] [31] Document HTML access interface [29] renaming control Yes Yes Partial . old page becomes a redirect MediaWiki Yes Yes Yes Midgard Wiki Yes Yes Yes Partial templates. optional Yes. ACL for each project Yes.many features are user-customizable. CAPTCHA Yes.themes.templates and editable CSS stylesheet topic Yes. full document management Yes. CAPTCHA.templates Yes Kerika Yes Yes No Partial customizable toolbar Partial . old page becomes a redirect Yes. modules Yes Instiki Yes No Yes Partial . blacklist.

CSS Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes PBworks Yes Yes Yes passwords. current: page redirect. soon: Node moving Yes Yes Near-Time Yes Yes Yes. user CSS. themes. module Yes.Themes. old page can be a redirect MoinMoin Yes Yes. custom data fields.Themes. CSS.safe Yes . user CSS Partial . Cascading ACL control allowing stewardship of topics Yes MojoMojo Yes Yes . CSS CSS OddMuseW iki Yes Yes Yes Yes.Comparison of wiki software 10 Yes . user editable navigation Yes. XSLT. CSS PhpWiki Yes plugin themes.. Textchas Yes. skins. templates. in-page XSLT Yes Yes. IP whitelisting/blacklisting No No Yes. SSO-capable integration.safe Yes . CSS Yes. custom navigation portal. per page/per group CSS. very flexible BadContent ACLs. .. ACLs. skins. filtering via Regular wiki-editable groups Expressions. plugin No Yes Yes OpenWiki OpenLink Wiki PAUX Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes templates. with aliases Perspective Yes Yes (per collection) parameterized Raw Includes. CPAN Blog::SpamAssassin Yes [36] XSLT. and plugins No Personal_PPC_Wiki No Yes Partial style-sheets rename the document file Yes. Yes PmWiki Yes Yes Yes. html. templates. un-documented Yes. Yes. CAPTCHA Yes. XSLT templates. module .

CAPTCHA for registration and anonymous edits or comments. modules Yes Yes TigerWiki No No. old page redirects ThoughtFar mer TiddlyWiki Yes No Yes No Yes Yes. user CSS. plugin No Yes Yes. Safe Yes. hidden email addresses. CSS Yes Springnote Yes Yes Swiki Yes Yes. block IP Addresses. CAPTCHA N/A No Yes Yes Yes. password protection Yes No TikiWiki CMS/Groupware Yes Yes. [37] Yes Yes . encrypted email addresses. only Yes.Comparison of wiki software 10 Yes. template themes. CSS Yes Portili TeamWiki Yes Yes. user CSS. block IP Addresses. UserIDs. modules Partial style-sheets. to be coded Yes. themes. authorized includes user/group users can edit pages. Yes Yes Yes Yes SamePage Socialtext Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes File uploading Spam / prevention attachments Page Inline User-customizable [30] [31] Document HTML access interface [29] renaming control Yes Yes Background color customization For AniAniWebs. management Anonymous functions comments (if enabled) are disguised from spam robots. UserIDs Yes. themes Yes. updating all backlinks Sycamore Yes Yes No user CSS. words.

Captcha. HTTP REQUEST analysis (module) Yes. themes Yes ZWiki Yes Yes Yes style-sheets. user CSS CSS Yes. CAPTCHA for registration.html. with WebDAV versioning Yes. HTML. color templates. referrer blacklist (module). fixing backlinks Yes. available for plugin too Yes Yes Yes themes. CSS Partial No Yes Wikiwig Yes Yes. skins. themes.Comparison of wiki software 10 Yes Yes Safe Yes. block lists TWiki → Yes Yes [38] Yes Yes templates. templates. ACL {{yes. templates. admins only Yes Yes UseModWiki Yes. CAPTCHA No Yes No Yes. blacklist captcha Yes Yes configurable/safe themes. workspace templates. referrer blacklist Yes.Captcha Yes Yes Yes WikkaWiki Yes Yes. Captcha Yes Yes configurable/safe style-sheets No WikkiTikkiT avi Yes No Yes configurable/safe style-sheets No WikyBlog Yes Yes. CSS Yes XWiki Yes Yes Yes style-sheets. skins Yes File uploading Spam / prevention attachments Page Inline User-customizable [30] [31] Document access HTML interface [29] renaming control . IP blacklist Yes? Yes? WackoWiki Yes Yes. Captcha. links are updated automatically and name history maintained Traction TeamPage Yes. style-sheets Yes WikiCrowd Wikispaces No Yes No Yes. and developer tools Yes. style-sheets Wiclear Yes Yes. ACL}} Yes Yes Yes Yes .

through PEAR plugins [41] [43] BusinessWiki Yes. RSS [50] Yes. with FCKeditor or via [42] Quicktag insertion Yes Yes. Plugin API Yes [53] [56] EditMe Yes Yes. RSS [45] Yes Yes Yes. RSS. RSS/Atom[55] Yes. Mediawiki extensions. RSS Yes Yes Yes. Newsletter Plug-ins. RSS No No Yes [39] [40] Yes Yes. JSON [51] MindTouch Deki Yes [52] DidiWiki DokuWiki No Yes Quickbuttons [54] No Yes. Google Gadgets. Java Plug-ins No Comindwork codeBeamer Yes Yes with TinyMCE or Microsoft Word Yes Yes. Google Apps [44] Central Desktop Clearspace Yes Yes. RSS. XML. RSS No No [46] [47] Confluence Yes. User Macros in Apache Velocity patch mechanism plugins via an OOP interface API.Comparison of wiki software 10 Features 2 WYSIWYG editing ArtificialMemory Axosoft OnTime BrainKeeper Bitweaver Yes Yes Web feeds Extensibility Cross-wiki support No No Other features Yes. RSS Java Plug-ins. Service Oriented Architecture [48] Corendal Wiki Yes No [49] coWiki ? Yes. RSS javascript [57] . both functionality and theme via plugins No Yes.

modules & mods Yes Gitit → UseModWiki Markdown No? Yes No Yes Yes. Extensibility Cross-wiki support [62] WYSIWYG editing IpbWiki No Web feeds Other features Yes. all changes CMS integration . handlers [63] JAMWiki Partial. optional editing buttons Yes. providers not yet [64] JotSpot Yes Yes. . RSS ASP. WikiTalk. RSS/Atom actions. per page JSPWiki Partial. Zoho Docs Hundreds of features. full graphical Wiki features No MediaWiki Yes. RSS/Atom. Scripting. RSS fairly trivial Yes. RSS. RSS/Atom/RDF Yes [61] Instiki No Yes. server-side Javascript plugins. RSS. RSS/Atom actions. Google Gadgets and docs.Net Reflection plugins Forms. Integrated Weblog and Threaded Message Forum [58] FlexWiki No Foswiki Yes. filters. Topic markup/scripting for users to create wiki applications No extensions Plug-ins. Daily Digests [59] GroupSwim Collaboration [60] HOAwiki CMS/groupware Yes. pre-installed plugin Yes. user extensions. RSS Plugin wiki syntax parser (default is Mediawiki syntax) plugins. RSS. RSS. selectable wiki syntax with Plugin API for EditSyntaxPlugin developers.Comparison of wiki software 10 Yes. can use with minimal different Ruby knowledge (administrator-set) markup languages. alpha Yes. with FCKeditor Yes. handlers PHP component architecture [66] Midgard Wiki No Yes. plugins. per page No Weblog integration [65] Kerika Yes. with search string 400+ Yes.

widgets Some [80] Swiki No [81] .Net action classes plugins . Multiple markup parsers available MoinMoin Yes. Yes. plugins. per page or per user No Yes support all databases PmWiki very. Google search results API. . RSS (last day's changes) HTML Includes. RSS feeds. plugins and custom additions types API plugins Yes. publish wiki in other formats (Docbook and HTML) [71] PAUX Yes Yes. RSS feeds. RSS/Atom actions [72] PBworks Yes API. RSS/Atom/RDF plugins. RSS feeds. IE. using Google/Technorati REST/SOAP APIs search results Web feeds Extensibility Cross-wiki support No [79] WYSIWYG editing Springnote Yes Other features Yes. last changes Yes.5+ [67] MojoMojo Yes. RSS in/out Yes [69] [70] Yes. XSLT includes that can take external URL contents. SamePage Socialtext Yes Yes Yes. AuthAPI. plugins.Comparison of wiki software 10 Yes. [76] PhpWiki Yes RSS/Atom/RDF: global. wikilets [73] [74] [75] Personal_PPC_Wiki Perspective No Yes. This wiki will integrate seamlessly with Portili blog & other Portili web-apps (to be launched soon). Mozilla & Firefox No Yes. RSS different plugin types Yes. plugin No Yes Yes. selectable parsers Yes. With live preview [68] Near-Time OddMuseWiki OpenWiki OpenLink Wiki Yes Yes. plugins WikiCreole [77] (option) No [78] Portili TeamWiki Yes No Exceptionally easy to use with easy user/group management. v1. RSS. mashups. 100+ plugins Yes. Virtuoso hosted PHP integration Yes. RSS/Atom/RDF Yes.

modules & mods Plug-in architecture for widgets. applications all Zope plugins. RSS Yes. RSS/Atom/RDF TikiWiki Yes. selectable wiki Plugin API for syntax with developers. RSS/Atom Yes. using Epoz Yes. Xinha Yes. EditSyntaxPlugin TWiki markup/scripting for users to create wiki applications extensions actions. interface and function modifications 400+ Yes. WikiEdit [89] No Yes. RSS each page. forms. Plugin API plugins. using TinyMCE Yes. with search string [88] → UseModWiki No? Yes. with CMS/Groupware FCKeditor or via [85] Quicktag insertion Traction TeamPage Yes No [86] Yes. RSS/Atom [91] [92] Wikiwig WikkaWiki Yes. Single page/Comments/Global WikkiTikkiTavi No bunch of custom stuff in php Yes Plugins. RSS WackoWiki Wiclear Wikispaces No Yes Yes. single sign-on (SSO) Some actions. handlers [93] [90] [84] Sycamore No [82] ThoughtFarmer Yes [83] TiddlyWiki TigerWiki No No Yes. handlers plugins API. API used by ThoughtFarmer Professional Services plugins Code modification Hundreds of features. WikiEdit [89] Yes Yes. RSS/Atom. and more [94] WikyBlog No XWiki Yes. macros. bookmarks RSS Yes Plugins. RSS ZWiki Yes. widgets. pre-installed plugin Yes. LaTeX. scripts. plugins. user extensions.Comparison of wiki software 10 Yes. RSS with plugin Yes. RSS/Atom [95] . Dynamic RSS inbound / outbound [87] TWiki Yes.

Linux (2.6 Kernel). Postgres.no set required Easy.no installation or setup required Moderately simple None None BusinessWiki Linux. PHP5 Central Desktop Hosted . configuration wizard or hosted None None Clearspace Tomcat.Comparison of wiki software 10 Web feeds Extensibility Cross-wiki support Other features WYSIWYG editing Installation Platform Ease of [96] installation Web-server required Other software required Installable to USB stick ArtificialMemory SaaS hosted Hosted . Unix. WebLogic.5 + one of: Windows Server 2003 SP2. MySQL or Oracle Comindwork Hosted . Unix. WebSphere MS SQL. Solaris 10 SaaS (hosted) or Installed on MS Platform Apache or IIS with PHP 5. MSW & others OR hosted (no set required) NA hosted Java 1. MSW & others NA hosted IIS MS SQL Express or Full MS SQL Server Bitweaver Easy Any Webserver with PHP PHP BrainKeeper Hosted .0+ MySQL.no installation or setup required IIS MS SQL Express or Full MS SQL Server .no installation or setup required Hosted requires no installation or Installed has easy-to-use Wizard None None Axosoft OnTime SaaS (hosted) or Installed on MS Platform Linux.

MSW & others Moderately simple IIS/Apache ASP. Oracle Application Server Java. RCS . MySQL or Oracle. Perl.5 and servlet 2. moderately difficult on MS-Windows. IIS8 Mono. Unix. Any Webserver with cgi support. [98] Appliance simple [97] Apache. Unix. MySQl. PHP MindTouch Deki Hosted . Unix.Comparison of wiki software 10 Easy Tomcat included.4 Any OS that supports Java 1.4 Linux. Java 1.4 Corendal Wiki Moderately simple Tomcat. IIS7.4 and servlet 2. Tomcat or Oracle Application Server coWiki Apache with PHP MySQL. MSW & others Linux. PHP DidiWiki None (built-in) none DokuWiki Moderately simple Should work on any web server with PHP None Required PHP Yes EditMe None Required None FlexWiki Linux.4 Any OS that supports Java 1.Net/Mono Foswiki Native install: Easy on *nix. IIS6. Configuration Wizard Tomcat included. MSW & others Linux. MSW & others Linux. MSW & others Linux. Unix. Moderately simple. MSW & others hosted Confluence Easy. or use your own servlet container.5 codeBeamer Any OS that supports Java 1.4 and servlet 2. or use your own servlet container. Unix. Unix. Web-server included in VMware appliance downloads. Java 1.

MSW & others Linux. MSW & others Apache or IIS with PHP 4+ MySQL. VMware virtual appliance None (built-in) VMware Player JSPWiki Moderately simple any servlet 2. Unix.5 and servlet 2. WAR file and one page web-based form Any servlet 2. MSW & others Any OS that supports Java 1.4-compliant application server Java 1. Macs.Comparison of wiki software 10 Hosted . MSW & others Any OS that supports Java 1.4 and servlet 2.0+ MySQL. Unix & others Linux.4-compliant web server Java 1.no installation or setup required Trivial None None N/A Instiki Linux. Unix. Unix. Unix.no installation required None None N/A GroupSwim Collaboration SaaS hosted HOAwiki CMS/Groupware SaaS hosted Hosted .4 Linux.5 Linux. Unix. Macs. MSW & others None (built-in) Ruby Platform Ease of [96] installation Moderately simple Web-server required Other software required IpbWiki Linux. PHP MoinMoin Easy for Desktop version None for Desktop version Python .4 JotSpot Easy.5 MediaWiki Moderately simple Apache or IIS with PHP 5. requires root Apache with PHP MySQL. PHP JAMWiki Simple. PHP5 Midgard Wiki Easy.4 Any OS that supports Java 1.5 Kerika Very easy (under 2 minutes) None Java 1.

appliance option available with managed service for remote upgrades and administration no. MSW & others NA hosted Moderately simple MySQL. Unix. MSW & others Any OS that supports Java 1. Apache or IIS with PHP 5. Unix. others NA hosted Near-Time Hosted: no set-up or installation required Easy None None OddMuseWiki Linux. MSW & others MSW & others Linux. Unix. Unix. all required components included . can run without a web server. Unix. MSW & others Linux. Unix. PostgreSQL.0+ PHP Yes Portili TeamWiki Linux. MSW.no installation or setup required simple None None Personal_PPC_Wiki Windows XP. all required components included no.Comparison of wiki software 11 Easy . PHP5 Socialtext hosted service without installation as an option.1 PhpWiki Moderately simple Any Webserver with PHP PHP PmWiki Very Easy Any Webserver with PHP. Windows Mobile 5 MSW & others Linux.builtin server suitable for desktop or production use SQL database (MySQL.4-step process None .5 SaaS hosted Any web server with cgi support Perl OpenWiki Easy IIS ASP OpenLink Wiki Easy OpenLink Virtuoso OpenLink Virtuoso PAUX Easy None (built-in) Java PBwiki Hosted . Sqlite) MojoMojo Linux.NET Runtime 1. Macs. MSW & others None (built-in) none Yes Perspective Moderately simple IIS .

Unix.Comparison of wiki software 11 Web-server required Other software required Platform Ease of [96] installation Hosted . MSW & others Any OS capable of running Java 2 Virtual Machine Linux. Easy. Unix & others Linux. Unix. Telnet/ssh is useful but not necessary.no installation or setup required Very Easy: Just drag the image file over the executable or (non-GUI) just use the image file as an executable parameter Easy Springnote NA hosted None None Swiki Linux. MySQL/PostgreSQL. moderately difficult on MS-Windows. Can coexist with IIS and Apache by running on alternate port Apache None Sycamore Linux. Unix. Xapian MS SQL Server 2005 or 2008 ThoughtFarmer MSW & others Managed installation -. RCS → UseModWiki Linux.Easy MS-Windows Server 2003 or 2008 None TiddlyWiki MSW & others Linux. Unix & others Python (with Image Library). Any web server with cgi support Perl. Installation Wizard installs all components PHP Yes Traction TeamPage None (Built-In) None TWiki Native install: Easy on *nix. Unix. MSW & others Easy None Yes TigerWiki Easy Any Webserver with PHP Any Webserver with PHP PHP TikiWiki CMS/Groupware Moderately simple via install script. Any Webserver with cgi support. MSW & others Easy Perl . Web-server included in VMware [99] appliance and TWiki for MS-Windows [100] Personal . MSW & others None--installs own server.

Simple JAR autoinstaller for any platform Moderate (easy if Zope is already installed) Any J2EE webserver Java ZWiki Linux. Unix & others SaaS hosted Wiclear Easy. update wizard MySQL.0+ XWiki Simple package for MS-Windows Available. Unix. Unix & others Linux. through web-wizard Any Webserver with PHP MySQL/PHP WikkiTikkiTavi Moderate Any Webserver with PHP Apache or IIS with PHP 4. multilingual installer Apache v1.Comparison of wiki software 11 Quick and easy. Unix. .x (v2 recommended). PHP Wikispaces Hosted .general Wiki info.Comparison of wikis and features selected by the user. in 4 steps.1+ MySQL/PHP WikyBlog Moderately simple MySQL 4. Unix. MSW & others Linux. • Wiki Matrix [66] . PHP WikkaWiki Easy installation/upgrade. PHP WackoWiki Linux.3. Unix. MSW & others Java Platform Any with PHP MySQL. Unix. MSW & others Zope Python (included with most Zope installs) Platform Ease of [96] installation Web-server required Other software required Installable to USB stick See also • • • • → Comparison of wiki farms → List of wiki software → List of wikis Wiki software External links • What Is Wiki [101] . IIS untested None MySQL. MSW & others Linux. IIS Apache with PHP.no installation or setup required Easy None Wikiwig Linux. MSW & others Linux.

content by regexp. nofollow. $1200–8000 commercial. auto-upd. Oracle. Content Workflow.org/pipermail/wikitech-l/ 2005-December/033270.95/month/user. [13] Foswiki mailing list . Custom Data Fields. through Access control lists). Powerful Search.org. Personal. custom data fields [33] http://dev. Available deployment options include: free open-source and VMware image downloads. Interactive Dashboard. and are not taken to be complete statements of the licenses. pricing starts at $3750 / year for 25 users [26] Free download at twiki. custom navigation portal.Database store (somewhat) (http://n2. [32] templates. Latest Edits Page. MS SQL Server) [12] Free & open-source edition. [24] Open-source and commercial licensing options [25] Enterprise wiki. Paid plans start at $25/month [6] For internal collaboration and communities of practice: free for up to 5 users. database).html#a3443836) [14] For internal collaboration: priced on a per user/month basis [15] Subscriptions start at $28/month [16] Instiki . document management for internal / external collaboration and communities: free for up to 5 users.Comparison of wiki software 11 References [1] Licenses here are a summary. Project Hierarchy. $29 and up for more [9] Free (open source project or community or personal). blog. discussion. 30$/year for full version [18] $9. Even items which use hard-coded templates could still be modified if the source is available. and free and paid hosted versions offered. MySQL. additional users $59/user/year [7] including: MySQL.be/en/LICENSE. twiki. Open Source Project [11] (PostgreSQL. for security reasons.99 per month for unlimited spaces and unlimited users [20] Free and Commercial License [21] Free & Paid options available [22] For internal collaboration and knowledge management: SaaS & hosted pricing [23] Pricing varies. Integrated project management tools [41] Enterprise-level Search. Captcha (addon) [37] Documentation about Spam Protection for TikiWiki.mediawiki. create spoof forms to trick users. [31] User-customizable interface: Many items have administrator hand-editable templates. innovative features aimed at cutting edge knowledge workers [40] Windows and Web UI. Community.g. for example. This is better than Full. [2] Enterprise Subscriptions start at +$500/month [3] Subscriptions start at $5/month [4] Subscriptions start at $150/month [5] Free Ver Available.org/Spam+Protection) [38] IP blacklist. hosted services and dedicated appliances. live blogging. per the Ruby license (http:// ruby. Tagging. content by regexp.html) [36] word/URL block (addon.Ruby License Instiki is distributed under the same terms as Ruby itself. Simple but Comprehensive Administration . excessive activities.org/wiki/Manual:Preventing_access#Simple_private_wiki [29] Page Access Control: Some wiki engines allow (optional) read/write access restriction to users or user groups on a per-page basis (e. paid enterprise edition.txt).html [34] IP blacklist.tikiwiki. [30] Inline HTML Safe means that several features of HTML are restricted. encrypt e-mails (addon). inlclusions (articles in articles).php. (http://doc. and relations.wikipedia.edu" email address [19] Starts at $24.easynet. Powerful security. Auto TOC Creation. PostgreSQL. tagging. $600–4000 academic [10] Commercial.html?inc/template. and paid hosting solutions [27] Free & Paid options available [28] http://www. IBM DB2 and Microsoft SQL Server [8] Free for 1 project. (http://mail. hidden e-mail addresses [35] URL anding are available using a MediaWiki extension. Oracle. URL-approval (option). Users with complete access to HTML could. html.com/ Database-store-(somewhat)-td3443836.mirror. excessive activities. DB2. [17] Free for the basic version.net offers Certified TWiki Virtual Appliance with/without support.nabble. Semantic Wiki. hidden e-mail addresses [39] Ajax UI. Some packages may use libraries under different licenses. scripted registration prevention (plugin).splitbrain. attributes.org/reference/dokuwiki/nav. Academic. scripted registration prevention (plugin). free for anyone with ". natural language/text import of entities.

nice tables. accounting package. themeable. form handling and reporting. Tagging.splitbrain. blogging. which contains reusable semantic content objects. form handling and reporting. integrated modules for calendars. Tagging. advanced searching. built-in web server [54] http://wiki. graphing. Analytics. [73] SideBars. should a need for another wikimarkup family be demonstrated. slideshow presentations. SOA.6+). OpenLink Data Space Integration. detailed-evaluated eLearning and individualized print media. User authorisation based on AD Group membership. Markdown. LaTeX. Enterprise admin interface. Access Control (Read and Write) [50] http://www. multistyle diffs. Email notifications [61] Calendaring. directory.Comparison of wiki software [42] http://www. Workflow. side-by-side diff. email notifications w/diffs. inlclusions (articles in articles). spreadsheet calculations. and RDoc. WYSIWYG supports TML. E-Mail Notifications. Email-notifications. fully supported by MindTouch company website (http://www.bitweaver. mobile. email notification. Textile. searching. Semantic Wiki. slideshow presentations. platform to build wiki applications. hosted solution. side-by-side version comparison. Discussions. Simple admin interface. watchlist. ODT. easy setup of wiki farms [71] Based on WebDAV can be maintained by any WebDAV user agent.org/wiki/QuicktagsPackage [43] ACLs. Email notification. Private Content [77] The PmWiki markup rules are easily modifiable and replaceable by plug-ins. but currently disabled on Wikipedia) [67] Enterprise level security. Wiki Cluster and Tag support. multisites.org/wiki:quickbuttons [55] http://wiki. Open API. Open Plug-in API. enterprise arch and business focused. XML-RPC content synchronization.com) [53] extremely fast and requires very little RAM. can search files in folders outside of the Wiki (including MS Office files). ecommerce [62] Trivial to set up on any platform that supports Ruby. HTML slideshows. calendaring. E-Mail Notifications. Workflows. maps. Version control and ability to do 3-way merge on conflict. GIS (MapServer). [68] Hierarchical node structure and cascading permissions system allows for stewardship of topics. plotting. PDF output. Premium Business Engine. 13 translations. readers can output pages in RTF. E-Mail Notifications. hosted solution. Articles hierarchy. Integrated with Active Directory users and groups.mindtouch. and authorization. invoicing. charting. Access Control List [72] Individualized publication of dynamic content. fully UTF-8 compliant. articles. stores in XML. WYSIWIG Editor. [69] Enterprise level security. [74] extremely fast and requires very little RAM. Tagging. Revisions. Commercial support [48] Enterprise level security. Revisions. newsletters. 11 . Interwiki [57] Multi-level access controls.org/184. can create private networks [66] Per-article discussion page. available as a VMware appliance [59] Version control with [Git|Git_(software)] or now [darcs|Darcs]. WYSIWYG editor.html [51] Data saved hierarchic (web trees) and in XML. calendar. tagging. LDAP Integration. [63] Integration with Invision Power Board. spreadsheets. Open Plug-in API. Discussions. Idea Management Plugin. Tagging. Active Directory integration. slideshow presentations. global search & replace. XHTML-Compliant. NTLM authentication. Statistics. authentication. Categorizing and Tagging. 3d Browsing. semantic Wiki. Tasks and Milestones Blocks available [46] Ajax UI. audio chat. Tagging. Enterprise security [47] Enterprise level security. VMware virtual appliance [65] Graphical wiki with hybrid peer-to-peer networking.splitbrain. side-by-side diff. charting. TimeTracker plugin. searching in attachments (v1. SSO integration capability. and more. Email notifications [58] Revision control. additional desktop edition. blogs. and they make knowledge available as filterable content for Websites. Fully supported [70] very easily extensible.cowiki. ACLs for topics. Fully supported [49] For Corporate environments. Database feature. Simple admin interface. per-page threaded comments. Subscriptions. Integration with Issue Tracker / Document Manager / Continuous Integration.org/wiki:syndication [56] Section Editing. email notification. forum. email notification (built in. [60] Multi-level access controls. Lotus Notes & Sharepoint integrations. namespaces. LaTeX math. comfortable installation wizard [52] Highly usable. API. They are able to represent knowledge in its full complexity. Calendars. bbcode support [64] Support for server-side Javascript. Supports inline HTML. Fully supported [45] Block architecture. filegalleries [44] Enterprise level security. built-in web server [75] Open-source and commercial licensing options [76] Searching over MS Office documents. can send project updates by email to non-users. spreadsheet calculations and GRAPHS. email notification.

various templates. JGraphPad for drawings inside wikipages. e-mail notification. Fulltext search. email notification. blogging. GIS (MapServer).org/Dev/Projects/WikiEdit [90] WYSIWYG-like editor. Authenticate using LDAP or Active Directory (including LDAP queries for group definition. email notifications. user dashboard. Java SDK (no charge for Java source and documentation). advanced syntax highlighting using GeSHi. email notification. [91] hierarchical pages. group wiki. ACLs. platform to build wiki applications. email notification. Simple web based admin. multistyle diffs. section editing. Optional FAST module provided permission aware drill-down content navigation as well as wiki + attached document search. multi-file uploading. admin panel. AniAniWeb function provides owner control of granular access and creates access groups. on-the-fly downloading of codeblocks [94] Platform to build wiki applications.. email notification. email notification. importing of various file formats (doc. SVG.Xquared. form handling and reporting. full-text search. calendaring. global search & replace. subpages. IM Notification. Forms and Scripting. WYSIWYG supports TML.org/cgi-bin/view/Codev/TWikiVMDebianStable [100] http://twiki. 13 translations. spreadsheet calculations.org/wiki. txt. graphing.com [99] http://twiki. Workflows. Social tagging. searching. installation wizard. GraphViz. Fully supported [88] Revision control. [82] Javascript based quick edit. html).. Threaded discussion. sortable tables. spreadsheet calculations and GRAPHS. Document versioning and management via WebDAV. Freemind.org/cgi-bin/view/Codev/TWikiForWindowsPersonal [101] http://www. section editing. integrated statistics. Lucene. Faceted permissioned search crossing workspaces using content or tag navigation. revision control. full text search. comments.wiki. video insertion features [81] Installs own webserver (Commanche) and can co-exist with IIS or Apache. calendaring. linked translations. tagging. available as a VMware appliance [89] http://wackowiki. Multitiki installations [87] Enterprise level security. slideshow presentations. granular access controls. slideshow presentations. cloning of pages. email notification. PDF/RTF export [95] hierarchical pages. Users tracked by email address. presentations. Page Name history to support complex refactoring. web based configuration. e-mail plugin. NTLM support for single signon. virtual wikis. advanced searching. fulltext search. files. simple table computations. side-byside diff. and not to desktop applications. charting. [97] http://wik. Mobile Interface. XHTML compliant. built-in map function [83] Structured wiki. Tags. Opensource WYSIWYG editor . XML-RPC. tagging. Page and Comment Moderation. charting. form handling and reporting. clean UI. revision control. portlet integration.mindtouch. blogging. cloning of pages. ACLs. E-Mail Notifications and Newsletter. extensible SDL (Skin Definition Language). plotting. ACLs for topics. photo albums [84] All minimal features that a wiki needs [85] http://doc. photo albums.tikiwiki. faceted browsing.org/Quicktags [86] ACLs. Practically cameleon-like [79] accessible through REST/SOAP APIs [80] API that provides usage of all service features. mobile. Charting.Comparison of wiki software [78] Highly sophisticated support for customization. calendar. issue tracker. full text search. multilingual. LaTeX integration [96] “Ease of installation” is expressed relative to other server software packages. Multiple workspaces on same TeamPage server. OpenOffice WYSIWYG editing of Tikiwiki content. Database storage.cgi? 11 . revision control. Paragraph or page level comments. moderator/admin/user [92] Discussion pages. tags. ACLs. Multilingual. localization [93] FreeMind support. XML-RPC API. 3d Browsing.is [98] http://www. Workspaces. odt.

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David Andel. Efe. Lupo. Nieghtdog. JustinHagstrom. Archimedo. Francs2000. Norm.Article Sources and Contributors 116 Article Sources and Contributors Wiki Source: http://en. Helikophis. Hcheney. Patrick. Brockert. Bongwarrior. Helixblue. CP-sakha. Kochas. Eeee. Errabee.Kleykamp. Alanlastufka. Phil Boswell. Leebo. Buzztootight. Gnewf. Maximus Rex. Listre. Alhutch. Goodboy7557. Jiang. Jdforrester. Clowning. Notheruser. Mxn. Kyle Barbour. Pgecaj. Matthew0028. Centrx. Gimboid13. EvanProdromou. ElinorD. Cybercobra. Paul August. Lunchboxhero. Micov. Pevarnj. Dbtfz. Koweja. LizardWizard. Jemmy Button. Homefill. DreamGuy. Newton2. Dagav. 0lexa0. Paleorthid. Donama. Charlie MacKenzie. Mhazard9. Connelly. Frankk74. MikeX.82. MacGyverMagic. Musical Linguist. JLaTondre. Eloquence. Nique1287. Geni. Buron444. KF. Galoubet. Meelar. Ozzyslovechild. Kimchi. Mg76734. Pintman. Kerowyn. EvocativeIntrigue. Bhadani. Chris Roy.Fred. NSK. JulesH. EEPROM Eagle. PinchasC. Hammer of the year. Aoi. Art LaPella. 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J. Itschris. Jimi Boy. Greenofroogle. Foodman. FlufferA999. Kingoomieiii. Jamyskis. Jeremy Visser. Guyjohnston. Hee tee. Jwanders. ISD. Jhaagsma. Jared Hunt. Homerdonut666. Func. Kimmelaar. Frymaster.aston. Joelong.12. Kierensfaroes1. Holek. Kablammo. Inx272. Guttzu. JesseW.phantom. Jeroen Coumans. KD-G722. Ladnav. Joshua BishopRoby. HaeB. Jesse2. Horologium. KyotoKatana. Ixfd64. Jfdwolff. Garbyal. Junglecat. Jecowa. Jobby12. Gracenotes. Kilfoyle. Korp7. KnowledgeOfSelf.. KKC. Kazikame. KratosY. JeremyA. Fieldday-sunday. Jlomcc. Khalid Mahmood. Icewedge. Jimregan. Ibapah. Kodster.to. HenokY. JonathanFreed. India25. KittenHuffer. Ian13. Htnamus. JoeBongard. Guevara27. Henrygb. Flockmeal. Kinu. Jumbalya123. Joshl70. Fredelige. Jc iindyysgvxc. HiEverybodyHiDoctorNick. Iamthebest4. Greeves. Gbleem. Haochi. Jamed930. Girlskatermathus. Filll. KJS77. Kslays. Hooo33ter. Kaseijin. Jeronim. Kiwi. Itai. Hockeydude7993. Jahiegel. Javert. Kyuubi-Kitsune. Gavin sidhu. Iusecapslock. Johnowenlangham. 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Heeheehahahohoho. InfinityAndBeyond. Jameseyx. Haha169. Heqs. Holy sauna. Googl. Friday. Hang gp28. Flourgus. Gotyear. Gohn. Guest9999. Joker1900. Joniboy98. JTSu. Hulmey. GeorgeBills. Greenrd. JediLofty. I-10. Fjjf. Jigglyman. Hey guys!!. Jeffrey O. Kingkutz. Whales. Kevinmooney. Feere Gorone. Harry491. KOMBA. Go for it!. Flowerpotman. Kidburla. Freakofnurture. Hapsiainen. Jambalaya. Kwsn. Kay Körner 20. Kennet. Jejnei. Kslain. Gazpacho. Forrestthealmighty. Guy M. Gregorybeauchamp. Fook. Flubbit. Kdogg2412. Gabrielsimon. Isfisk. Hargrimm. James Kemp. GregSon. Kmg90. ITV. JamesR. Gangerli. Fireball3332000. Fungus Mclatchey.1983. Grosscha. GeorgeMoney VandalProof. Flightsim trekkie. HolloBath. Jack L. Joseph Solis in Australia. Jrugordon. Jon Stockton. La goutte de pluie. Jigster93. Jordan armstrong. Iloveunicorns. Lamy999. IronChris. Guy Harris.

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