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AOAC 972_20

AOAC 972_20

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37.1.

11
AOAC Of fi cial Method 972.20
Mois ture in Prunes and Rai sins
Mois ture Me ter Method
First Ac tion 1972
Fi nal Ac tion 1980
A. Ap pa ra tus
Dried fruit mois ture tester me ter.—Type A se ries (DFA of
Cal i for nia, 710 Striker Av e , Sac ra mento, CA 95834, USA); see
Fig ure 972.20 for elec tric cir cuit.
B. De ter mi na tion
Grind test sam ple 3 times through food chop per, us ing cut ter with
16 teeth. If test ing hot fruit from pro ces sor, cool fruit as fol lows: Mix
ca 60 g chopped solid CO
2
with fruit and then grind mix ture 3 times
be fore tak ing mois ture read ing. Pack ground test sam ple into
Bakelite cyl in der with fin gers, mak ing cer tain that it is packed
tightly around bot tom elec trode. Fill cyl in der com pletely with
tightly packed test sam ple, and level.
Lower top elec trode and press it into test sam ple un til top
elec trode le ver is against stop. In sert ther mom e ter un til
ther mom e ter bulb is ca half way be tween elec trodes.
Se lect cor rect ta ble for type and con di tion of fruit be ing tested
(Ta ble 972.20A: nat u ral or low mois ture; Ta ble 972.20B:
pro cessed). Set switch (S2) to num ber given on ta ble se lected.
Plug tester into 110 V ac out let and put switch to “on.” (Red light
in di cates cur rent.) Keep push but ton down and turn dial so that
me ter nee dle moves to ward 0. Ad just dial so that nee dle is at its
low est, or turn ing, point. Af ter mak ing fine ad just ment of dial to
me ter 0 or turn ing point, read dial and then read ther mom e ter.
C. Use of Ta bles
Choose tem per a ture col umn of ap pro pri ate ta ble near est to test
sam ple tem per a ture. Read down this col umn to fig ure clos est to dial
read ing, then read across to “% Mois ture” col umn.
D. Ex am ple
Ex am i na tion of pro cessed rai sin test sam ple gave fol low ing data:
dial set ting 76 and tem per a ture 74°F (23.3°C), on tap 3. Looking
down 74°F (23.3°C) col umn (Ta ble 972.20B), ob tain 75.2 at 18.5%
mois ture and 78.4 at 19.0% mois ture. Since read ing is nearer to 18.5
than 19.0%, re port as con tain ing 18.5% mois ture, or in ter po late.
Ref er ences: JAOAC 52, 858(1969); 54, 219(1971);
55, 202(1972); 59, 331(1976).
ã 2005 AOAC IN TER NA TIONAL
Figure 972.20. Elec tri cal cir cuit di a gram for dried fruit mois ture tester.
2006 AOAC INTERNATIONAL
ã 2005 AOAC IN TER NA TIONAL
Ta ble 972.20A. Con duc tance-temperature cor re la tion for nat u ral or low mois ture rai sins; switch set ting, tap 6
%
Mois ture
Con duc tance read ings at tem per a ture (°F
a
):
56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102
9.0 9.0 15.0 21.0 25.0 29.0 33.0 36.0 39.0 42.0
9.5 4.0 11.0 17.5 22.5 27.0 32.5 37.0 40.5 44.0 47.0 49.0 51.5
10.0 1.0 7.0 13.5 17.5 23.0 28.5 34.0 38.0 41.5 45.5 49.0 52.0 54.5 57.0 59.0 61.5
10.5 7.5 13.0 18.0 24.0 29.5 35.0 40.0 44.5 49.0 51.5 54.0 57.0 60.0 62.0 64.0 66.0 68.0 70.0
11.0 8.5 16.0 22.5 28.0 34.0 39.0 44.0 48.5 53.0 56.0 59.0 61.5 64.0 66.0 68.5 70.5 72.5 73.8 75.3 76.8
11.5 9.0 18.0 26.0 31.0 36.0 42.0 47.5 51.5 55.5 58.7 62.5 64.7 67.5 69.5 71.0 73.0 75.0 76.5 78.3 79.6 81.0 82.5
12.0 23.5 30.5 37.5 42.5 47.0 52.0 56.5 60.0 63.3 66.5 69.0 71.0 73.0 74.5 76.0 78.0 79.7 81.0 82.0 83.8 85.2 86.5
12.5 16.5 27.0 34.5 40.0 46.0 50.5 55.0 59.0 63.0 65.8 68.6 71.0 73.3 75.0 76.6 78.0 79.7 81.3 82.6 84.0 85.4 86.7 88.0 89.3
13.0 30.5 37.2 42.5 48.0 52.3 56.5 60.5 64.3 67.7 70.0 72.5 74.8 76.7 78.3 79.7 81.2 82.6 83.8 85.2 86.5 87.8 89.2 90.5 91.3
13.5 40.0 45.0 49.7 54.0 58.0 61.5 65.0 68.5 71.3 73.4 75.4 77.5 79.4 80.7 82.0 83.5 85.0 86.2 87.3 88.5 89.8 91.0 92.2 93.0
14.0 48.3 52.5 56.5 60.0 63.0 66.0 69.2 72.0 74.5 76.4 78.0 80.0 81.7 83.0 84.4 85.6 87.0 88.0 89.3 90.3 91.5 92.6 93.8 94.6
14.5 55.3 59.0 62.3 65.0 67.6 70.4 72.7 75.0 77.0 78.7 80.4 82.0 83.7 85.0 86.2 87.3 88.7 89.7 90.8 91.8 93.0 94.0 95.0 95.8
15.0 61.6 64.5 67.7 70.8 72.4 74.3 76.0 78.0 79.7 81.1 82.6 84.0 85.6 86.7 87.9 89.1 90.3 91.4 92.5 93.5 94.5 95.5 96.4 97.0
a
°C =
° -
´
F 32
9
5.
Ta ble 972.20B. Con duc tance-temperature cor re la tion for pro cessed rai sins; switch set ting, tap 3
%
Mois ture
Con duc tance read ings at tem per a ture (°F
a
):
56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102
13.0 0.0 6.7 12.8 18.0 22.2 26.8 31.4 35.4 39.5 43.7 48.0 52.2 55.8 59.0
13.5 2.5 9.0 15.4 21.0 25.2 29.4 34.0 38.3 42.7 46.5 50.5 54.3 58.0 61.5 64.8
14.0 5.7 11.7 17.0 23.0 27.5 32.4 36.6 40.8 44.2 48.3 52.6 56.2 59.6 62.8 66.3 69.2
14.5 1.0 7.5 14.0 19.0 24.3 29.4 34.2 39.0 42.8 46.7 50.9 54.4 57.5 60.8 64.2 67.2 70.3 73.0
15.0 2.5 9.3 15.5 21.7 27.0 31.6 36.3 40.9 45.5 49.2 53.0 56.8 59.7 62.7 65.4 68.2 70.9 73.6 76.1
15.5 4.0 11.0 17.7 23.1 29.7 34.0 38.2 42.7 47.3 51.6 55.2 58.5 62.1 64.9 67.2 69.7 72.0 74.2 76.6 78.7
16.0 13.5 20.0 25.3 31.0 36.0 41.0 45.5 50.0 54.0 58.0 61.6 64.5 67.4 69.6 72.0 73.7 75.5 77.3 79.3 81.0
16.5 13.0 20.5 26.5 32.0 36.6 42.0 46.5 50.7 54.8 58.5 62.0 65.5 68.8 71.0 73.0 75.2 77.0 78.4 79.7 81.3 82.8 84.3
17.0 13.5 22.0 28.4 34.0 39.0 43.5 47.2 51.7 55.7 59.4 62.6 66.0 68.8 71.5 74.1 76.0 77.8 79.4 80.9 82.0 83.2 84.2 85.5 86.7
17.5 31.0 36.0 41.0 45.0 49.0 52.5 56.0 59.5 63.0 66.0 69.0 71.6 74.0 76.2 78.4 80.0 81.5 82.6 83.9 84.8 85.8 86.8 87.8 88.7
18.0 43.0 47.0 50.0 53.5 57.0 59.7 62.7 64.8 69.0 71.5 73.8 76.0 78.0 79.8 81.6 82.7 84.0 85.0 86.0 86.8 87.7 88.5 89.5 90.2
18.5 50.5 53.3 56.0 59.4 62.5 65.0 67.7 70.4 73.0 75.2 77.3 79.2 81.0 82.4 83.8 84.8 85.8 86.7 87.7 88.4 89.0 89.9 90.7 91.3
19.0 56.0 58.5 61.2 64.0 66.8 69.2 71.6 74.0 76.4 78.4 80.2 81.7 83.3 84.5 85.7 86.7 87.6 88.5 89.3 89.8 90.4 91.0 91.7 92.3
19.5 60.7 63.0 65.5 68.3 70.5 72.7 74.7 77.2 79.2 80.8 82.5 83.9 85.2 86.2 87.2 88.0 88.8 89.5 90.3 90.9 91.4 91.9 92.5 93.0
20.0 65.0 67.5 69.6 71.8 74.0 76.0 77.9 79.8 81.7 83.1 84.6 85.7 87.0 87.8 88.7 89.5 90.1 90.7 91.4 91.8 92.3 92.8 93.4 93.9
20.5 69.2 71.3 73.3 75.2 77.2 78.6 80.6 82.4 83.9 85.3 86.4 87.4 88.4 89.3 90.0 90.6 91.2 91.8 92.5 92.9 93.3 93.8 94.3 94.7
a
°C =
° -
´
F 32
9
5.
2006 AOAC INTERNATIONAL

9 82.0 82.7 90.0 67. tap 3 % Moisture 56 13.2 84.7 54.0 76.7 13.2 59.0 73.5 76.0 40.3 56.0 87.0 95.4 89.0 74.0 86.5 90.5 43.0 81. switch setting.3 88.0 9.6 84.2 48.8 66.8 87.7 83.4 77.6 81.6 36.3 70.7 91.9 92.5 90.0 61.4 80.5 78.0 85.3 29.8 59.9 54.0 78.5 1.0 89.5 77.7 27.4 75.5 57.0 63.6 84.5 50.3 84.4 34.7 31.8 68.6 93.0 61.1 64. Conductance-temperature correlation for processed raisins.8 85.7 70.1 90.5 60.0 68.5 13. 9 °C = Table 972.5 89.5 34.2 87.7 82.9 84.7 86.0 25.0 36.0 51.5 44.5 10.3 60.9 85.0 81.0 83.32 °C = ´ 5.0 24.4 62.7 78.4 72.0 59.5 64.0 36.7 70.0 4.5 62.5 67.0 66.5 12.7 54.6 87.5 91.0 78.0 69.5 76.9 90.5 11.0 59.5 65.0 9.6 82.0 84.7 63.2 50.0 32.0 69.8 84.5 27.0 88.0 43.4 79.5 71.6 55.4 35.3 79.7 81.4 83.0 51.5 50.8 92.0 68.4 21.2 26.2 93.5 62.4 36.3 92.5 21.8 64.7 55.6 62.3 76.0 71.0 67.0 52.0 58.5 65.5 79.5 45.0 66.7 89.7 64.0 19.0 78.0 71.0 23.6 74.0 46.5 7.5 22.6 40.7 70.5 71.4 80.0 76.3 94.5 58.8 46.5 23.5 73.5 60.2 86.5 17.7 65.1 76.2 81.0 19.0 18.5 28.4 73.5 55.4 78.7 91.0 47.5 76 0.0 83.8 18.0 59.0 66.7 81.2 69.0 65.0 48.0 45.0 25.7 88.5 89.0 74.4 88.9 45.6 71.0 75.5 74.0 20.7 84.0 61.7 88.0 38.3 42.0 36.0 79.7 62.20B.5 92.8 44.0 15.1 90.5 72.5 55.3 59.8 94.8 31.7 75.5 13.0 29.0 65.5 60.8 74.5 85.9 89.0 73.0 47.0 41.0 60.4 57.5 70.2 29.0 20.2 79.4 89. % Moisture 56 9.5 49.0 86.8 85.3 89.6 83.5 93.0 58.0 15.5 32.0 76.5 64.3 81.0 86.7 59.0 13.7 50.0 28.2 85.8 59.7 85.4 39.5 72.0 15.3 90.0 42.5 51.7 72.0 17.3 7.3 86.4 62.0 73.0 17.0 54.0 49.2 77.6 91.6 76.0 16.8 71.5 14.0 71.0 41.5 37.0 44.5 94.8 92.3 30.0 79.4 80.8 91.5 87.5 53.5 16.2 91.3 73.0 73.0 52.6 80.8 69.4 91.7 89.0 58.3 76.8 93.1 82.6 82.5 20.5 15.5 16.5 61.2 77.0 61.0 91.8 94.0 18.8 79.3 73.0 8.3 93.0 76.4 97.6 78.8 86.8 81.9 85.0 66.4 85.1 29.0 68.8 81.4 34.3 90.8 75.6 55.8 88.0 73.0 36.9 93.0 61.7 77.0 72.0 11.6 85.0 15.2 78.4 74.2 78.8 91.4 68.Table 972. 9 2006 AOAC INTERNATIONAL .0 12.7 47.5 18.0 78.0 78 6.3 75.5 56.0 89.4 91.0 a Conductance-temperature correlation for natural or low moisture raisins.6 64.2 87.0 13.2 51.8 72.0 27.0 56.6 83.7 62.5 96. switch setting.7 87.0 52.9 67.2 70.0 48.8 89.3 66.3 69.6 71.5 49.0 36.9 69.7 1.5 26.0 10.7 92.6 88.5 64.5 68.5 47.0 66.7 81.5 16. tap 6 Conductance readings at temperature (°Fa): 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 9.3 56.5 93.7 83.2 14.5 57.0 62.2 71.0 75.0 79.8 84.0 83.0 59.5 67.5 69.5 53.3 73.0 26.6 42.0 14.0 74.2 71.0 33.0 77.7 ° F .5 83.3 91.5 17.2 86.7 87.5 42.3 82.0 89.0 13.0 50.0 38.0 94.2 42.6 72.0 49.0 54.7 75.20A.4 87.9 73.0 67.8 71.0 82.8 85.5 50.7 88.7 81.3 67.5 74.7 43.5 86.0 17.8 88.2 55.0 56.5 37.0 85.5 73.2 67.7 74.5 32.5 48.7 83.0 85.5 85.3 13.0 34.0 56.5 92.7 80.4 80.0 2.7 34.0 65.0 52.32 ´ 5.4 93.0 63.2 39.0 41.5 37.5 69.3 75.0 40.5 15.0 75.5 89.0 28.5 4.0 7.3 52.3 52.0 45.3 51.8 86.5 64.4 34.2 90.0 83.5 40.0 63.5 82.0 13.0 31.5 27.5 60.3 40.0 52.8 87.3 88.0 62.5 95.8 85.0 95.7 62.0 34.3 79.5 47.4 82.6 56.0 39.4 91.6 74.4 86.1 11.7 46.7 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 12.4 83.4 92.5 5.0 21.0 53.2 81.8 76.0 80.0 90.2 80.0 77.6 78.0 42.7 81.6 64.5 54.8 82.3 58.0 9.0 14.2 86.9 91.0 38.3 91.5 23.2 87.5 90.5 68.3 65.8 93.5 69.0 77.8 76.7 67.0 29.0 92.5 a Conductance readings at temperature (°Fa): 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 2.0 ° F .2 58.8 9.0 57.6 66.0 45.2 42.0 78.0 22.4 78.2 53.3 79.6 86.0 86.0 31.0 64.0 44.5 30.8 58.3 40.7 17.0 82.2 82.5 20.5 49.7 48.0 47.5 22.1 84.8 90.0 39.0 11.8 61.0 50.0 59.0 39.5 56.0 65.3 90.2 72.3 82.0 46.0 59.2 70.2 76.0 68.8 11.5 19.5 54.0 18.9 79.2 77.5 14.7 87.2 64.7 87.0 22.0 25.3 31.0 42.2 88.5 63.4 69.0 49.3 56.0 79.6 70.7 23.5 35.0 24.0 70.3 79.8 89.8 69.0 76.0 88.

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