A M E R I C A N E X A M P L E S M A N UA L

STAAD.Pro 2006

AMERICAN EXAMPLES MANUAL

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad
Part Number: DAA037020-1/0001

STAAD.Pro 2006 is a suite of proprietary computer programs
of Research Engineers, a Bentley Solutions Center. Although
every effort has been made to ensure the correctness of these
programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake,
error or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of
these programs.

RELEASE 2006
© 2006 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Published March, 2006

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilities to enable this task.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented using
lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triangular and
quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick elements.
These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties, orient cross
sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber, aluminum, specify
supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program generate loads, design
parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, and dynamic response (spectrum, time history,
steady state, etc.).
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and shear
walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate and
solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third-party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users to link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with perhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed book
to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials : This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual
This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved using the STAAD
engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and design problems
commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment
This document contains a detailed description of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) of
STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model generation, structural analysis and
design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual
This manual deals with the theory behind the engineering calculations made by the
STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation of the commands available in the
STAAD command file.
International Design Codes
This document contains information on the various Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum
design codes, of several countries, that are implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

In this dialog box.3 and 1. first start the program and follow t he steps explained in Sections 1.4 of the Getting St arted manual.iii To access the built-in editor. You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following figure. . choose Open STAAD Editor.

. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands). and so on. the editor screen will open as shown below.iv At this point. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual. You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2006\staad\examp\us where "X:" is the drive.std for example 1. examp01. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters.std for example 8. namely. examp08. For your convenience. the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD. and "spro2006" is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation.

Then. as shown below. and choose Edit Input Command File. . They too are installed along with the examples. open the file you are interested in. click on the STAAD editor icon. To view their contents in the editor. go to the Edit menu. or.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject.

select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window).vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor. .

17 163 Example Problem No. 13 121 Example Problem No. 19 181 Example Problem No. 20 191 . 8 67 Example Problem No. 14 129 Example Problem No. 18 173 Example Problem No.Example Problems Example Problem No. 2 17 Example Problem No. 4 33 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No. 11 99 Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No.Table of Contents Part I . 3 25 Example Problem No. 10 89 Example Problem No. 15 141 Example Problem No. 9 79 Example Problem No. 12 111 Example Problem No. 16 155 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No.

9 19 Verification Problem No. 23 217 Example Problem No. 28 277 Example Problem No. 25 245 Example Problem No. 22 207 Example Problem No. 24 229 Example Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 5 11 Verification Problem No. 2 3 Verification Problem No. 8 17 Verification Problem No. 27 265 Example Problem No. 3 5 Verification Problem No. 6 13 Verification Problem No. 21 197 Example Problem No. 1 1 Verification Problem No. 26 255 Example Problem No. 11 25 Verification Problem No. 12 29 .Verification Problems Verification Problem No. 7 15 Verification Problem No. 10 21 Verification Problem No.Example Problem No. 29 297 Part II .

Verification Problem No. 13 31 Verification Problem No. 14 41 .

.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

3 . Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure. 4 . Since member sizes change during the member selection. 5) Example problem No.Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. 2) Example problem No. 6) Example problem No.Plane frame with steel design. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results. member selection is requested. 1 . After one analysis.e.A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. 5 . 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). 4) Example problem No. . It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). In this example. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. 6 .A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing. 3) Example problem No. load/area of floor). 2 .This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases.

10) Example problem No. 13) Example problem No. 10 .In this example. 8 . 7 .This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis. 8) Example problem No. 11 . 12) Example problem No. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted.Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. To avoid looking into a lot of output. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. 9) Example problem No. 12 . The combined results are then used for steel design. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. Design of an element is performed. The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. During this process. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions.A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall. . 9 .Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. 13 . Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point.7) Example problem No. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. 11) Example problem No. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined.This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns.

The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. The maxima of the joint displacements. 17 . 16 .This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 14 . 15 . 15) Example problem No. 19 . 19) Example problem No.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously.Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. 20 . 17) Example problem No. 18 . The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading.A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities. . member end forces and support reactions are determined. 21 .14) Example problem No.The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame.A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. 21) Example problem No. 20) Example problem No. 18) Example problem No. and we examine those in this example.This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 16) Example problem No. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports.

22 . 23) Example problem No. 27 . Using the masterslave command. 24) Example problem No. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. 28 . 29) Example problem No.Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. 29 . the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions.This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. 23 . 27) Example problem No.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade.A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading. 25 . 28) Example problem No.22) Example problem No. The structure consists of piers. 25) Example problem No. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade. Time History analysis is performed on this model. once for each primary load case.The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified. 26) Example problem No.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. 24 .This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. 26 . . Since the structural condition is load dependent.

NOTES .

Since member sizes change during the member selection. After one analysis.Example Problem 1 Example Problem No.6k/ft (WL) 5 4 6 5 1 7 6 W14 x 90 3 20' W14 x 90 2 1 X 1 .9 (LL) 16 14 12 W18 x 35 9 14 8 20 7 10 16 15 9 21 11 W10 x 49 15 9' 12 13 18 19 17 13 22 23 10 35k (LL) 15k 2 0.2k/ft (LL) W21 x 50 Pinned 3 0. member selection is requested.9k/ft (LL) 11 8 4 15' 15k 1. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.0 (WL) k/ft 0. 1 Plane frame with steel design. Y 15' 15' 1.

19 10 13 .Part I . 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 .Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.3 2 6. 7 5 6 . 8 7 12 .4 6 8. 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 . 15 20 41 . . 38. 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 8 30 35 . Since this is a plane structure.5 3 4 6 4 5 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. . 13 25 38 14 10 41 . 11 15 16 . Semicolon signs (. 2 30 0 . UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 16 15 44 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. 15 9 14 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3. 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 Member properties are from the AISC steel table. 22 10 11 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 12 13 15 . MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TABLE ST W14X90 . The word ST stands for standard single section. 0. 9 12 14 10 14 16 .5 35 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 12 5. . 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 16 11 14 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 9 7.5 35. 11 15 35 . 10 22. the Z coordinates need not be provided. 20 7 9 21 9 11 .2 3 7.

ALL DEN 0. POISSON.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2. MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss. 3 . The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. Length unit is changed from FEET to INCH to facilitate the input. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments.e. strong axis moment) at node 3. This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle. PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. etc. The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis. SUPPORT 1 FIXED .

8 TO 10 UNI Y -1.75 2 0. 6 UNI GY -1. Load 1 contains joint loads also. Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads.Part I . CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1.0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1. 8 to 13. JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0. . The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.0 indicates that this load will act downwards. Loads are applied on members 6. FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0.Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated long with an accompanying title. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction. 5 and 11. 11 FY -35.2 Load 1 contains member loads also. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0. is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.6 .9 . Since global Y is vertically upward. the factor of -1. and.75 . Loads are applied at nodes 4.

The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12th point along the member length which by the way is the default too. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained. This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only. 5 . The subsequent line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination.Example Problem 1 The above command identifies a combination load (case no.0 ALL KY 1.9. KY. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. 3) with a title.85 ALL BEAM 1. etc.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0. The RATIO parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF. LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.

The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1. GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members.0. is assigned to all members in the list. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. . it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure. PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping. PARAMETER BEAM 1.0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters. Hence.Part I .Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis. from among the associated member list.0 ALL TRACK 1.0 ALL RATIO 1. 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA. GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis. Hence. the cross sections for members 1. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity.

Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. STEEL TAKE OFF The above command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes. 7 . the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications.

15 9 14 .00 0. 14.70 7. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 3.40 54.22 0.72 . . 10 22.68 1.Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 13 25 38 14 10 41 .67 362. 0. 20.85 0.905 0. 29. . 23. 30.92 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 19. 12 13 15 . 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TA ST W14X90 . 16 11 14 . UNIT . 12. 16. 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 .94 0. 5 3 4 6 4 5 .48 15. 31. 28.Part I .5 35 . 21. 11 15 16 .00 7.10 0. 22. 1 UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO.51 5. 15 20 41 . 27.17 14.47 984.00 142.06 49.00 13.40 3.31 1. 24.000 10. 11.INCH ----------------MEMB PROFILE AX/ AY 1 ST W14X90 2 ST W10X49 5 ST W21X50 8 ST W18X35 14 ST L40404 26. 15.39 18. 6.00 3.30 57. PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 . 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 8 30 35 . 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 3 2 6 .5 35. 5. 7 5 6 . 8 7 12 . 2.67 IZ/ AZ IY/ SZ 999. ALL DEN 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.51 93. 18.14 7. 2 3 7 . 2 30 0 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 .000 3.51 24.00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33.00 4. 12 5.63 0. 9.86 1. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER START END JOINT JOINT 1 5 14 1 3 9 3 4 12 LENGTH (FEET) BETA (DEG) 20. 17. 9 7. 38. 32. 11 15 35 .40 1. Intl.04 1.90 94.75 272. 26. 13. 25. 19 10 13 .66 510.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 7. 10. 4 6 8 . 8.50 6. 22 10 11 .30 5. 4.79 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ IX/ SY 4.39 14.63 4.

07 2 6 2 6 58. 2 43 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 0.48 5.96 3 7 3 7 33.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.96 -11.00 0.07 28.00 0.14 105.6 . MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.26 40.15 0.15 18.35 -5.77 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 9 .00 0. 36.0/ 40264. 38.00 0.00 18.00 0.94 -30. 39.00 0.00 0.00 0.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15.00 0.00 0. 44.00 181.00 2.00 -21.00 0.16 6.00 0.00 0.71 -60.66 0.90 -28.13870 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 1.00 0.82 0.21727 INCH GLO X. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.65 0.09 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0. 41.00 0.66 13.00 0. 6 UNI GY -1.75 2 0.71 247.00 0.59 31.66 -30.NO.81 -33. 37. 35.17 -53. LOAD LIST 1 3 49.00 0.00 102.48 -13.00 23. 47.00 0.00 0.73 21.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 54. 11 FY -35.NO.99 55. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 0. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 48.48 3. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.Example Problem 1 34.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 -10.00 0.4 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 0.51 0.15 10.99 0.05 -52.00 40.99 0.00 0.00 0.99 -9.00 -61.79 -56.00 0.00 -5.00 0.43 -41.00 0.NO.00 0.95 10.9 .00 0. .00 6 8 6 8 31.51 3.00 0.71 -39.45 -17.64 0. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.27 99.00 0.2 CALCULATE NATURAL FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1. 42.00 0. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.88 41.48 5.48 -10.00 -2.00 2.00 3 4 3 4 -3.00 59. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. 40.00 0. 45.00 0.48 -0.00 70. 43.36 -2.00 0. 46.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 15 11 15 -21.95 9.63 -37.00 0.00 0.86 -41.00 0.00 0.70 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 -15.00 0.23 21.62 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 1 3 14 1 3 15 1 3 16 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 .00 0.79 -36.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 35.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 5 4 5 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.75 34.00 0.00 0.94 -3.65 19.00 10 15 10 15 -1.00 0.01 0.55 16.00 0.00 0.48 -10.00 0.01 0.55 -1.00 0.00 0.45 37.01 0.00 0.68 36.00 0.46 -10.00 0.15 -3.14 27.27 5.00 0.00 0.01 0.48 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -19.15 10.25 2.26 42.00 0.00 0.88 -35.00 0.72 0.00 0.66 11.00 0.52 -40.12 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 13 15 13 15 40.98 -102.00 -20.77 44.00 0.00 0.76 5.Part I .65 -5.00 0.00 -1.15 -73.00 0.52 7.42 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.91 14 16 14 16 41.90 6.03 -13.00 0.18 -44.00 0.00 0.12 57.58 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 4.00 0.00 0.84 -41.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.61 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.01 0.77 -4.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.91 -60.98 24.00 0.30 -175.00 0.00 11 14 11 14 -24.00 0.02 0.99 148.31 44.00 0.00 0.15 2.86 -2.00 0.01 0.71 0.33 -34.00 -148.91 19.00 0.00 0.06 -15.73 1.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 -10.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -5.61 -11.98 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.92 0.00 0.00 -27.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.58 -60.02 -44.00 0.27 -23.00 0.86 0.41 26.00 27.42 7 12 7 12 36.64 25.64 3.46 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 10.00 0.55 -36.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10 13 10 13 2.00 0.00 0.94 -73.00 0.00 0.62 56.94 -25.30 5 6 5 6 -3.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.72 -27.29 0.00 0.00 9 14 9 14 1.26 9 12 9 12 -2.64 7.63 0.00 0.31 12 14 12 14 36.98 -99.15 -24.87 22.01 0.10 -40.00 0.01 0.00 0.78 22.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.60 25.00 0.55 25.00 0.58 8 13 8 13 40.00 0.07 25.18 -42.01 0.00 0.56 15 16 15 16 41.00 0.43 20.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -56.00 0.00 0.48 3.00 0.00 60.00 0.60 8.00 0.00 0.00 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 10.78 -4.44 8.05 -21.00 0.00 -57.53 0.00 0.00 -181.02 0.74 -26.00 0.80 -19.81 -1.00 0.00 0.01 0.19 10.68 -36.00 0.67 0.

00 0.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 SELECT ALL STAAD.842 0.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0.00 8 10 8 10 -23.02 0.71 C 2 ST W12X40 PASS 33.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -0.00 0.07 C 3 ST W14X90 4 ST W14X109 5 ST W24X62 PASS 53. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0.00 0.44 0.00 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.17 0.00 3 20.05 40.00 0.82 C PASS 31.88 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.46 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.44 23.32 -19.00 1 10.73 247.00 0.00 0.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 3 0.00 0.02 0.53 0. 57.02 0.00 0. 53.820 105.00 0.H1-3 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 20 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 7 9 7 9 -17.00 0.02 0.00 0.776 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.870 0.75 5.00 0.02 0.88 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 11 .H1-3 0.27 0.00 0. 55.00 1 15.00 -61.00 0.79 55.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.32 17.02 0.48 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 60.00 10 11 10 11 -21.00 0.00 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .75 0.00 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.00 0.00 0.86 0.97 0.15 0.00 0.50 21.00 0.46 -14.00 247.00 3 0.66 C PASS 3.85 ALL BEAM 1.00 0.00 0.0 ALL KY 1. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 2.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -18. 54.02 0.43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.00 0.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 PASS 40.756 -70.H1-3 0.00 0.97 19. 58.51 54.00 0.00 0.00 -181.00 9 11 9 11 -19.00 0.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H2-1 0.H1-2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.02 0. 56.99 -2.00 0. 52.71 58.53 14.50 -5.00 0.

H1-2 0.83 1 5.00 175.848 0. GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.H1-3 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.15 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC..91 3 0.83 1 5.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.94 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.812 0.H1-1 0.H1-1 0.50 3 10..00 -57.50 T PASS 23..832 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 0.68 C 10 ST W18X35 PASS 41.829 0.826 0.92 T 20 ST L25204 21 ST L25204 22 ST L20205 23 ST L30254 PASS 19...663 0.Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .64 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.46 T 17 ST L25205 PASS 24.97 T PASS 19.00 1 0.00 0.829 0.755 0..00 1 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.73 C 12 ST W14X30 13 ST W18X40 14 ST L20203 15 ST L20203 16 ST L25205 PASS 40.55 C PASS 36.44 T 1 2.00 73.H1-2 0.00 0.00 0.81 3 0.00 -185.81 3 7..00 0..00 60.00 0. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 5.00 1 7. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61.81 C PASS 24.01 T 18 ST L30253 PASS 5.00 0.00 59.00 3 3.00 99.831 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.42 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-2 0. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST W18X40 ) LIST= 8.00 0.83 3 0.74 C PASS 5.70 C 19 ST L20202 PASS 6.43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.15 T PASS 36.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 TABLE ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.870 0.896 0.00 0.869 0.. GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST W24X62 ) LIST= 5.00 1 0.H1-1 0.H1-2 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS 23 (ST L30254 ) LIST= 14.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. .00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0..Part I .45 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.662 0.00 1 0.H1-2 0. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63..862 0.00 0.00 1 0.858 0.864 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.75 C 11 ST W18X35 PASS 41.48 T 7 ST W24X62 8 ST W16X31 9 ST W14X30 PASS 10.00 73. GROUP MEMB 5 6 7 4 (ST W14X109 ) LIST= 1.00 PASS 3.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 C PASS 26.00 -56.H2-1 0.46 T PASS 21.83 1 5.00 3 0.876 0.847 0.H2-1 0..65 C PASS 1.

H1-3 0.00 SZ= 173.60 | | FTZ= 21.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE . UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 180.2 CB= 1.20 SZ= 130.00 0.00 FC= 17. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64. L= 240.PRO CODE CHECKING . 68.88 C 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.00 YLD= 36.68 FT= 21. PARAMETER BEAM 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 FV= 14.00 FC= 17.2| | KL/R-Y= 64.01 FT= 21.Example Problem 1 ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS.865 1 4.05 C 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.NO.618 3 54. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.NO.30 0.60 FCY= 27.0| | KL/R-Y= 93. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.0 AX= 11.807 1 32.43 0.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. L= 120.844 3 31.60 FCY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.34 15.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4.00 YLD= 36.0 ALL RATIO 1.NO.00 FC= 13.2 CB= 1.38 FT= 21.70474 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 0.0 ALL TRACK 1.60 FCY= 27.00 20.29 T 0. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.H1-3 0.872 3 41.00 FTY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 -186. 66.8 CB= 1.80 SZ= 51.00 248.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.00 FTY= 27.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 63.81 10.2 SY= 61.00 YLD= 36.76 C 108. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.0 AX= 32. L= 180.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. 67.0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD. UNIT KIP-INCH.0 AX= 32.97912 INCH GLO X.2 SY= 61.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 14.H2-1 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.60 FCY= 27.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.0 AX= 18.1 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------4 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.60 FV= 14.38 0.1 CB= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.H1-2 0.H1-3 0.6 SY= 9.00 FTY= 27.16 C -70.60 FV= 14.2| | KL/R-Y= 57.85 | | FTZ= 21.0 AX= 32.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.00 SZ= 173.00 FC= 14.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 .9 SY= 11.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.60 FV= 14. L= 240.2 SY= 61.00 FC= 15.64 FT= 21.2| | KL/R-Y= 77.83 FT= 21. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 SZ= 173.76 FCY= 27. 65.60 | | FTZ= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.

0 CB= 1.07 FT= 21.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 FC= 17.71 5.07 FT= 21.652 1 40.0 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 FC= 14. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FC= 17. UNIT KIP-INCH.0 CB= 1.0 AX= 11.4 SY= 6.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------8 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.80 SZ= 68. L= 70.85 | | FTZ= 21.H2-1 0.60 FCY= 27.0 AX= 18.50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 YLD= 36.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------12 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.20 SZ= 130.00 FTY= 27.0 AX= 18. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 70.00 YLD= 36.48 T 0.00 63.69 C 0.80 SZ= 68.4 SY= 6.00 FC= 17.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.60 FV= 14.0 AX= 11.49 0.885 3 27.07 FT= 21.6 SY= 9.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .60 C 0.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FTY= 27.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.0 CB= 1.00 FTY= 27.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.29 T 0.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.6 SY= 9.00 YLD= 36.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 12.570 1 34.0 AX= 11.76 FCY= 27.H1-2 0.76 FCY= 27.4 SY= 6.20 C 0.Part I .0 AX= 11.60 FV= 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.76 | | FTZ= 23.60 FV= 14. L= 70.60 FV= 14.80 SZ= 68.00 -191.00 FTY= 27.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 YLD= 36.00 -59.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.H1-2 0.80 SZ= 68.H1-2 0.69 5.80 SZ= 68.H1-2 0.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 10.0 AX= 11.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.H1-2 0.07 FT= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------13 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.2 CB= 1.00 101.603 1 34.07 FT= 21.886 1 4.00 178.4 SY= 6.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 13.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. UNIT KIP-INCH.0 CB= 1.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.00 YLD= 36.0 CB= 1.60 FV= 14.00 FTY= 27. UNIT KIP-INCH. UNIT KIP-INCH.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.76 FCY= 27.76 FCY= 27.39 C 0.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.80 SZ= 68.00 YLD= 36.73 10.00 FTY= 27.60 FV= 14.00 FC= 17.76 FCY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19. L= 70.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.4 SY= 6.79 5.76 FCY= 27.30 2.00 FTY= 27.38 FT= 21.00 -58.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------11 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FC= 17. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.2 CB= 1.00 66.20 SZ= 130.38 FT= 21.07 FT= 21.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.60 FV= 14. L= 70. L= 120.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.76 | | FTZ= 23.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 11.827 3 10.60 FV= 14.00 FTY= 27.85 | | FTZ= 21.70 C 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.653 1 40.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FC= 17.0 AX= 11.50 C 0. L= 120.H1-3 0.00 FC= 14.79 5.H2-1 0.00 66.4 SY= 6. L= 70.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.34 0.585 1 36.60 FCY= 27.

00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 14.31 SZ= 0.00 0.66 T 0.00 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.79 FT= 21.04 T 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 14 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.552 3 15.3 SY= 0.00 FC= 14.98 C 0.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 16.H1-1 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------21 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0. L= 90.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 FC= 4. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 3.329 1 2.91 T 0.00 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.0 CB= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 FC= 5. UNIT KIP-INCH.= 170.00 FC= 6.11 FT= 21.816 3 23.00 YLD= 36.00 YLD= 36.00 YLD= 36.7| | KL/R.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------18 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------19 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.7| | KL/R.= 178.91 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 19.60 FV= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 20.00 FCY= 0.848 1 24.31 SZ= 0.31 SZ= 0.00 FCY= 0. L= 46.3 SY= 0.60 FV= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.3 CB= 0.3 CB= 0.7 AX= 1. L= 78.00 FTY= 0.3 SY= 0.60 FV= 0.1 CB= 0.00 0.03 T 0.00 7.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.31 SZ= 0. L= 46.00 0.213 3 6.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 17. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.79 FT= 21.00 | | FTZ= 0.7| | KL/R. L= 93.= 148.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.7| | KL/R.00 YLD= 36.3 SY= 0.00 FCY= 0.3 SY= 0.= 90.00 0.14 T 0.0 AX= 1.00 FC= 6.9 CB= 0.= 148.0 AX= 1.= 90.31 SZ= 0.= 170.9 AX= 1.= 178.7 AX= 1.7| | KL/R.93 C 0.72 FT= 21.0 AX= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------20 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.31 SZ= 0.3 SY= 0.0 CB= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 0.72 FT= 21.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 21.89 C 0.7| | KL/R.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 18.00 7.155 3 2.0 AX= 1. UNIT KIP-INCH. UNIT KIP-INCH.19 FT= 21.7| | KL/R.H1-1 0.00 FTY= 0.60 FV= 0.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .3 SY= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------16 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.60 FV= 0.31 SZ= 0.7| | KL/R.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------17 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 FC= 5. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 15.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FC= 14.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 FC= 4.00 0.00 FTY= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.11 FT= 21.631 1 17.00 YLD= 36.558 3 4.H1-1 0.31 SZ= 0.60 FV= 0.19 FT= 21.9 AX= 1.00 0. L= 90. L= 78.1 CB= 0. L= 93.00 FTY= 0.00 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 .00 YLD= 36.00 FCY= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.9 CB= 0.60 FV= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.3 SY= 0.00 FCY= 0.60 FV= 0.

co.000 ---------------TOTAL = 10.co. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------23 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 22.00 FCY= 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 FTY= 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.00 0.00 0.reiusa.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.9 CB= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------69.0 AX= 1.7| | KL/R.00 YLD= 36.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE LENGTH(FEET) ST W14X109 ST W12X40 ST W24X62 ST W18X40 ST L30254 PRISMATIC STEEL WEIGHT(KIP ) 55. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 90.11 FT= 21.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 23.3 SY= 0.00 YLD= 36.3 SY= 0.686 1 19.00 | | FTZ= 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.60 FV= 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 15.= 170.45 T 0.Part I .00 FC= 5.43 0.601 1.Pro.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.31 SZ= 0.0 AX= 1.00 0.31 SZ= 0.= 170.00 FTY= 0.00 5.296 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.130 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 70.9 CB= 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.99 66.402 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. L= 90.51 T 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.net * ************************************************************ .com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.977 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 FCY= 0.00 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 22 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.653 1 18.60 FV= 0.00 30.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .854 1.7| | KL/R.11 FT= 21.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 FC= 5.00 34.

the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed. 4 x 5' = 20' 2 1 3 2 4 3 4 5 1 20 22 5 7 24 6 7 8 9 28 8 10' 9 10 11 3.5' 13 3.5' 15' 19 21 10 13 17 18 11 12 14 15 14 27 23 5. load/area of floor).Example Problem 2 Example Problem No. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.e. the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input. the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads. The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis.5' 17 26 19 7' 25 16 15 20 21 17 . However. In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads. Consequently. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i.

0. 10. UNIT FT KIP Defines the UNITs for data to follow. 0.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 10 15. . 8 10. 27 12 17 . .5 0. 35. 16 16. 10. 0. 0. . STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 0. 0. 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 28. 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). 18 0. 10. . 10. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 10. Joint number followed by X. 0. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 5 7 8 9 . 13 0. 35. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. Since this is a floor structure. 17 20. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 25. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 0. 0. 15 11. 2. . 0. 3. 21 20. . 0. . 5 20. 0.5 0. 11 16. 0. the Y coordinates are all the same. 28.Part I . 14 5. 23 11 16 . 25 . 0. . 12 20.e. 24 4 10 . 10 13 14 13 . in this case zero. 25.Application Examples 18 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 16 18 20 . 0. 19 20. 25. 7 5. 0. 9 13. 25. 10. Joints between 1 and 5 (i. . 20 0. Semicolon signs (. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 20 2 7 . 17 13 18 . .

Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 Member properties are specified from the AISC steel table. * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. the W12X26 section is chosen.0 Kips/sq.30 19 .e. In this case. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line.ft) which is the equivalent of 29000 ksi. The word ST stands for standard single section. The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis. E has been assigned as 4176E3 (4176000. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints. SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED The above joints are declared as being restrained for all 6 global degrees of freedom. LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). strong axis moment) at the start joint. etc. POISSON. This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i. AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0.

PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.0 ALL UNT 1. The program converts area loads into individual member loads. DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection.0 ALL UNB 1.0 ALL DMIN 1. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. UNT and UNB stand for unsupported length for top and bottom flange to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress.ft.1 of Technical Reference Manual). . SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the AISC steel table for the members listed.0 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (Table 2. PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 2. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD.Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 0.3 kips/sq. Design is to be performed per the specifications of the AISC ASD Code.Part I .

16 16. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 19. 25. 0. 0.00 -0. 11 16.0/ 40264. 0.450 -0. 16. 10.5 0.0 MB 6 42 LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD . 13.50 3. 0.450 -0.00 5.725 GY -1.00 0.13 10. 5 20.00 25.525 GY -0.00 10. 21 20.00 0.00 10. 10.00 0. 21. 25.00 0.00 20.5 0. . . 26. 4. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 29. 14 5. 25. 24. 25.50 20. 11. 3. 6.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 25. 0. 10 15.00 0.650 GY -1. 0. 7 5. 35. 17 13 18 .00 6. 0.00 0. 0. 16 18 20 .750 CON L LIN1 LIN2 -1. 0. 28. 0.950 -1. 20.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL L1 L2 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.450 -1. 13 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 25 . 24 4 10 .00 0. 8.Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 35.500 GY 0.050 -1. 20 2 7 . 9 13. 15.00 -1. 10. 19 20. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 0. 0. 0. DISK SPACE = 12.500 GY -1. Intl. 7. 9. 5. 23. 14 18 19 15 20 21 .750 GY 0. 28. 5 7 8 9 .00 15. 28. 0. 0.050 -0. 10.500 -1.350 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 21 .00 0.00 0. 10. 23 11 16 . 18 1 13 19 7 14 .500 GY -0. . 10 13 14 13 . 18. 0.00 15. 10. 17 20. . 18 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8 10. 10. . . 27.450 -0. . 20 0. . . 15 11. 14.00 -1. 2. 12 20. 22. 12. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 28 5 12 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0. 27 12 17 . 0.00 5.30 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 11/ 5/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 17.00 10.

915 0.00 T PASS 0. 37.Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 30.00 -167.00 -33.00 1 10.0 ALL DMAX 2.85 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 7.00 T PASS 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -221.H1-3 0.00 1 10.H1-3 0.74 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -102.897 0.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 6.00 -52.H1-3 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 TABLE ST W21X44 PASS 0.0 ALL UNT 1.H1-3 0.00 T 6 ST W18X35 11 ST W21X48 14 ST W16X26 PASS 0.987 0.744 0.00 T PASS 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .0 ALL DMIN 1.886 0.00 1 0.H1-3 0. 34.59 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.797 0.00 -139.H1-3 0. 36.0 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.00 T 18 ST W12X26 19 ST W24X55 21 ST W12X22 23 ST W12X19 24 ST W12X19 27 ST W21X48 PASS 0.443 0.00 T PASS 0.H1-3 0.0 ALL UNB 1.00 T 16 ST W12X19 PASS 0.00 1 3.00 -18.H1-3 0.00 -49.00 T PASS 0.59 1 0.911 0. 32.46 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -58.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.57 1 7.32 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.50 1 0.978 0.00 T 15 ST W14X22 PASS 0.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 12.00 -172.Part I .H1-3 0.937 0.00 .984 0.863 0.00 -31.38 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.00 -75.H1-3 0.00 T PASS 0. 35. 33. PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1.H1-3 0.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 0.00 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. 31.00 T PASS 0.50 1 5.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Europe support@reel. FROM THE UPPER MENU.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.net * ************************************************************ 23 .Pro. THEN FILE SAVE.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. UPDATE PROPERTIES.co. PRESS RESULTS.reiusa. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.Example Problem 2 38.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.

Part I .Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 NOTES .

2) Soil Subgrade Reaction .250 Kips/cft Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1. 3 K/FT 5K 10 3 K/FT 5K 10 Typ.Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring. 10 & 14 = 8 x 1 x 250 = 2000Kips/ft Spring of joints 2. 4 8 20 7 7 9 6 8 6 5 1 2 1 9 10 34 5 2 8 3 4 10 11 1213 14 11 12 13 14 NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in feet. 4. 5. 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footing. 12 & 13 = 8 x 2 x 250 = 4000Kips/ft 25 . The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 11. 3. Width : 8 ft.

6 6 7 7 7 8 .0 .0 ZD 8.0 10.0 0.0 10.0 ZD 8. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1.0 0. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Semicolon signs (.0 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above.0 0. 7 4.Part I .0 14 28.0 0. Since this is a plane structure.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 Joint number followed by X.0 .10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. UNIT FT KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.Application Examples 26 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 20.0 0. Additional information is available in sections 1 and 5 of the Technical .0 6 4. The program will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 0.0 8 24.) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. 9 24.0 0.0 0.0 10 20. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.0 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 The first two lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) followed by YD (depth) and ZD (width) values.0 5 8.

Since global Y is vertically upwards.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant. 27 . 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000.Example Problem 3 Reference Manual.0 factor.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. * E FOR STEEL IS 29. The supports for the structure are specified above. a spring having a spring constant of 4000 kip/ft is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). The word ST stands for standard single section. the -1. Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line.0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1. UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000. The first set of joints are restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z). MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. Member properties for the remaining members are chosen from the American (AISC) steel table. Also. Density and Poisson’s ratio. SELF Y -1.

FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. .Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. and is applied on members 7 and 8. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. member forces and support reactions. acting downwards. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.Part I . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. The load is applied at nodes 6 and 7. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.

6. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. 17.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000.0 10. 5. MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 11.0 5 6 9 10 TA ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 * E FOR STEEL IS 29. 9 24.0 .0 20. 20.0 . DISK SPACE = 12. 35.0 8 24.0 10. 25.2 MB 29 . 30. Intl. 34.0 0. 28. 13. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT FT KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 6 4. 8. 21. 12. 3.0/ 3144.0 5 8.0 0. 9.0 10 20.0 0.2 MB. 27. 23.0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5.0 ZD 8. 2.0 0. 14.0 20. 32. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 37. 7.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3.0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2.0 0.0 ZD 8.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8. 33. 7 4. 19. 38. 26. 24.0 0. 15.0 0.0 0. 31. 36. 10. 8 6 9 9 8 9 . EXMEM = 568. 16.0 0. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000. 4.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1. 29.0 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 0. 18.0 0.0 14 28.Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 22.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .

00 0.54 0.00 0.00 -22.10 10.00 -9.Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 39.Part I .00 63.35 11.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00000 0.34 23.00 3 1 3 4 0.00 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET ----------------JOINT 0.49 9.32290 0.62413 0.00 0.00035 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00000 0.17 16.00 0.60 0.28 20.00 0.00010 -0.10248 -0.00 0.00000 0.40 -9.35 0.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.51 16.00 0.00 0.35 -16.04 4 1 4 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 -11.74 10 1 9 12 65.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.07856 -0.00 0.00000 0.53 32.00020 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.05852 -0.00000 0.22 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 63.00000 0.00 94.00 0.10 -4.79 2 1 2 3 0.35 28.95 6.41 0.00051 -0.82 10.33 0.00 -67.76 8 1 6 9 -6.59 .36 -63.79 49.00 0.22 6.84 0.00 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.00 0.64181 0.00 0.99 0.00 0.03597 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 49.00 5 1 3 6 56.00 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.09085 -0.00 0.00000 0.60 -0.00043 -0.35 -16.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.70 0.00 0.26 -117.00 0.40 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 -16.00 0.00000 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00000 0.15 -94.00 0.00 0.00 0.06131 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.20 0.00 -50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.95 27.86 -56.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.89 -12.19 44.04885 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.16 -65.87 7.89 18.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00395 0.04 0.31 18.00 0.00048 -0.01 -28.93 9 1 8 9 31.00 18.00000 0.82 11 1 10 11 0.00 0.00 6.00000 0.00 21.00 0.33042 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00028 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.40 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.84 -32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00485 -0.00 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.04893 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.06101 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.08043 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.76 68.00000 0.07162 -0.00671 0.00 0.00 0.90 6 1 6 7 29.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.13 19.00017 -0.00000 0.00 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.53 27.00 -18.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 7 1 7 8 16.00015 -0.00023 -0.00000 0.00 13.00 0.05440 -0.04257 -0.00055 -0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00000 -0.08885 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 31.60 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 16.00000 0.00 0.00 0.

com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 40.00 19.41 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.reiusa.Pro.88 0.00 0.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.com * * Europe support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 13.00 0.55 13 1 12 13 0.00 0.59 44.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.co.00 14 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 -30.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.08 34.01 0.00 0.00 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 1 11 12 0.37 24.00 0.41 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** -24.00 -11.00 -89. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -9.41 14 1 13 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.88 -15.co.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 31 .com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.08 0.

Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 NOTES .Part I .

Y 7 8 8 15 k 13 14 5 3 5 6 4 180" 6 7 k 30 11 9 10 12 2 1 4 1 2 240" X 240" 3 180" 33 .Example Problem 4 Example Problem No. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. 4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. In this example. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces.

JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480. 180. Also. 8 480. To accommodate these requirements. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 360. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 0 0 4 0 180. 9 1 5 . 3 5 7 . the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. 4 3 6 . 0 . UNIT INCH KIP Specifies the unit to be used. Semicolon signs (.Part I . 5 6 8 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 0 Joint number followed by X. Since this is a plane structure. 10 2 4 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. 14 5 8 .) are used as line separators. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. 360. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. it is necessary to have 2 commands. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 0 7 240.Application Examples 34 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 0 6 480. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Consequently. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 11 3 5 . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.

This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments.0. The word ST stands for standard single section. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive. 2 and 3. 35 . The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity).Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Poisson’s ratio. CONSTANTS E 29000. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. Built-in default value of steel is used for the latter. it is assumed to be 0. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss. etc. MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table.

They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to any forces for the next load case.Part I . MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1.Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. The length UNIT is changed from INCH to FT for input values which follow. 7 FX 15 . It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier. 8 and 7.0 7 UNI GY -1. JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 . CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command. In other words. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The loads are applied on members 6. the bracings are not used to carry any load. The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. for dead and live load. INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.5 Load 1 contains member loads.

75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. For load combinations. The negative numbers (-30 and -15) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction.75 2 0. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0. LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only.75.75 3 0. 8 FX -15 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8. Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case.Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. 12 and 14 are made inactive. CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. the program simply gathers the 37 .

factors them appropriately. PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1. in the output file.Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases.0 ALL UNB 6.5 ALL . an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases. and combines them algebraically. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report. (As explained earlier. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing. are recognized as the "active" load cases. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. a combination case is not truly analysed for.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members.0 ALL UNT 6. Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis.Part I . but handled using other means. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing.0 ALL KY 0. Thus. of the member end forces.

39 . FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run. UNT and UNB represent the unsupported length of the flanges to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress. Design will be done according to the specifications of the AISC ASD Code. KY 0.Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained). The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.5 for ALL members. CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements.5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0.

24. 7 FX 15 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . 26. 19.14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 CONSTANTS E 29000.0 7 UNI GY -1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4 3 6 . 7. CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 . 14. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 44. 3 5 7 . 17. 41. 11 3 5 . 18. 0 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 .75 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL 3 18 . 42. 3. 23. 0 0 4 0 180.0/ 40263. 9 1 5 . 39. 8 FX -15 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 40.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 2. 360. 47. 31. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1.Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 21. 45. 4. 28. 8 480. 43. 33. 20. 8. 6. 5. 36. 22. 360.3 MB 30. 10. 11. 46.75 2 0. 27. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 12. 13. 180. 37. 38.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 32. 0 7 240. DISK SPACE = 12. 25. 0 6 480. 34.Part I . 16. 29. Intl. 10 2 4 . 0 . 5 6 8 . 9. STAAD PLANE A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT INCH KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 35.75 3 0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 15.

00 0.04 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 41 .60 0.00 -2.00 2.00 0.76 -15.20 0.19 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.09 0.76 -3.00 0.37 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -11.00 0.16 -0.22 -0.00 -2.37 -0.00 0.83 -15.92 1.13 -7.15 0.00 0.60 -0.20 -2.35 15.01 0.61 -15.78 -18.67 29.00 0.73 -30.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 15.23 -7.00 -2.00 0.00 0.05 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 23.06 -9.00 0.65 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.26 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 10.00 0.67 -0.00 0.00 0.06 28.00 0.83 0.00 0.40 -1.00 0.00 0.95 -35.85 -2.09 -16.84 3.66 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.61 7.14 -0.00 3.95 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.38 -7.00 0.07 -0.78 9.20 2.00 0.00 0.13 2.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -9.00 -5.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.95 9.00 0.00 0.80 13.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 11.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.84 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 16.30 -12.00 0.00 0.22 -0.00 -2.74 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.34 -0.00 0.78 -29.29 10.11 2.00 0.47 -38.08 -0.00 0.42 -0.97 10.79 -20.74 -0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.00 0.00 0.26 -23.00 0.09 8.86 -9.97 18.00 0.00 0.95 -0.00 0.63 -1.12 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -2.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 -19.00 0.06 -44.45 -50.90 14.00 0.26 -4.00 0.00 0.27 -2.09 -35.00 0.64 50.64 -35.42 -0.00 0.00 0.00 15.29 10.31 0.72 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.45 0.00 0.00 0.07 -0.26 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 0.00 0.16 0.97 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -10.00 0.00 0.92 -1.00 6.00 0.00 0.52 0.00 0.00 0.26 24.00 0.00 0.27 0.38 -0.97 -5.37 2.45 -0.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 38.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 -0.84 -22.71 5.16 -0.00 0.00 0.78 20.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 8.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.33 1.77 0.00 0.38 5.88 7.00 0.00 0.91 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 -8.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 35.00 0.00 0.79 -28.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.66 -13.08 -0.00 0.48 8.10 0.83 5.42 -0.00 0.95 2.00 0.79 35. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.79 22.00 8.12 2.72 -0.00 0.00 1.00 0.07 -18.31 15.00 10.33 1.00 0.76 -2.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.19 -0.26 -0.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.12 -2.Example Problem 4 48.03 6.29 0.00 0.95 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -9.00 0.00 0.70 2.00 0.26 0.00 0.91 0.00 0.97 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 -10.47 9.31 0.00 -13.20 0.00 0.00 0.

80 12.00 0.00 0.56 41.00 0.00 0.47 1.00 0.21 12.00 0.23 2.67 -2.00 0.05 -32.03 25.21 -44.00 0.58 12.11 -2.30 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -25.62 7.00 -33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -3.00 0.00 0.40 -0.00 0.00 0.67 12.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 -0.00 0.38 7.67 -14.31 22.05 -10.35 7.85 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 4.00 0.05 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 29.00 0.00 0.58 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 22.00 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 -17.00 0.00 0.31 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.55 44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 9.00 0.78 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -19.84 -17.00 0.00 0.00 -25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 -16.97 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 9.74 0.64 -26.80 2.97 18.00 0.00 0.07 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 14.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 7.00 0.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 33.00 0.73 16.00 0.00 0.82 -22.00 0.00 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 -12.00 0.74 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 12.06 32.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.58 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.73 0.00 58.66 -14.85 46.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 17.00 0.35 -0.20 10.00 0.

00 -17.00 0.76 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.5 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.416 0.00 0.00 0.394 0.0 ALL UNT 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -13.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.97 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.76 17.00 0.00 0.0 ALL UNB 6.00 -8.00 5 0.00 0.346 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 15.KIP FEET MEMBER 13 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 0.00 0.76 C PASS 35.00 0.302 0.00 -23. 51.00 0.00 0.00 4 20.00 0.00 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 0.H1-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49.00 35.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -17.00 0. 54.00 2.00 0.78 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.84 C 7 ST W18X35 8 ST W18X35 9 LD L50505 PASS 32.05 C PASS 12.00 0.00 9.00 0.69 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.05 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 4 0.00 0.00 0. 56.442 0.32 13.00 0.55 17.00 0.16 13.00 4 10.00 0.00 43 .00 0.00 0.591 0.00 0.00 0.191 0.00 0.00 5 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-1 0.00 0.58 C PASS 25.00 0.00 4 15.00 0. 53.00 0.00 0.00 -14.95 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.285 0.00 0. 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 15.32 0.H1-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-3 0.00 0.394 0.00 0.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.H1-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 15.00 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -13.00 0.26 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.00 0.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 C 2 ST W12X26 3 ST W12X26 4 ST W12X26 PASS 50. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1.00 0.00 0.0 ALL KY 0.00 0.00 18.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 55.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 C PASS 15.H1-3 0.00 46.00 0.00 0.07 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 TABLE ST W12X26 PASS 18.00 0.95 C 5 ST W12X26 PASS 15.00 0.00 0. 52.61 C 6 ST W18X35 PASS 22.03 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.

Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.147 0.100 0.00 SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) 57.00 (AISC TENSION 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 SECTIONS) 0.00 4 0.32 T (AISC TENSION 0.00 4 0.102 0.16 T 14 LD L50505 PASS 13.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 5 0.00 5 0.Part I .co.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.31 T 11 LD L50505 PASS 22.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.171 0.Pro.reiusa.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 ALL UNITS ARE .00 (AISC TENSION 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * Europe support@reel.00 5 0.co.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.128 0.73 T 13 LD L50505 PASS 13.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 10 LD L50505 PASS 19.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.net * ************************************************************ .00 (AISC TENSION 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.41 T 12 LD L50505 PASS 16.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.

Example Problem 4 NOTES 45 .

Part I .Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 NOTES .

Example Problem 5 Example Problem No. Y 20' 2 2 10' 3 1 3 4 4 X Z 5 20' 5 6 47 . 5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.

0 0. Values of AX (area). IX 10. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.0 .0 3 20. UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10.0 0. Member properties have been defined above using the PRISMATIC attribute.0 0.0 10. 4 20. . Joint number followed by X. 20.) are used as line separators. IZ 300. 0.Application Examples 48 Example Problem 5 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. CONSTANT E 29000. .Part I .0 0. IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX (torsional constant) are provided in INCH unit. 5 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. IZ (moment of inertia about major axis).0 . 6 20. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 20.0 0. Y and Z coordinates.0 5 20. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 2 0. IY 300.0 10. UNITS KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. Semicolon signs (. 10.

Example Problem 5 SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED Joints 1. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title.50 Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly known as a sinking support. support reactions and member forces. FY signifies that the support settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this settlement is 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint displacements.5 inch downward. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 49 . 4 and 6 are fixed supports.

0 0. 13. 4 20. 19. 2. Intl. 14. 5.0 5 20. 15.1 MB. 20. 18. DISK SPACE = 12. 3.0 0.0 3 20. IZ 300. 16. 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT UNITS KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.Part I .0/ 3144.2 MB 22. IY 300. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 . 2 0. 4. 6 20.0 10. 21. 6.0 0.0 0. EXMEM = 568. 17. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 20. 12. 20.Application Examples 50 Example Problem 5 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 . 10. IX 10.0 0.0 . 7. .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. CONSTANT E 29000. 11. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 10.0 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS . 10. 8. 5 5 6 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10. 9.

00154 -0.15 -0.00000 -0.15 0.08 -0.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.97 -0.97 0.09118 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.82 3 1 3 4 -1.00000 0.07 0.00000 -0.49919 -0.01078 0.08 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.64 5 1 5 6 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.co.46 -116.00 0.15 -0.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.22 0.65 -0.15 -0.00040 -0.64 107.65 36.09118 0.15 -0.18 107.15 -0.18 -116.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00000 0.97 -0.50000 -0.00040 0.00154 0.07 -0.08 0.00000 -0.08 -0.reiusa.08 0.07 -0.08 0.64 116.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.97 -0.46 -36.07 -116.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 0.00014 -0.22 1 4 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00000 0.co.18 4 1 3 5 0.00000 -0.46 0.Pro.00000 0.07 107.00000 0.07 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.65 19.97 -0.65 0.97 0.Example Problem 5 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.17 107.00000 -0.66 0.65 -0.17 107.08 19.08 -0.82 -116.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.15 0.01078 -0.07 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.net * ************************************************************ 51 .95 1.46 -116.07 -0.08 -0.00154 0.00000 0.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.64 2 1 2 3 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.97 -0.00 -116.15 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.65 107.97 0.97 -1.46 -19.07 -0.KIP INCH MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.07 -0.46 107.22 107.00014 0.08 0.00050 0.15 -0.00000 -0.09125 0.00 0.46 0.00050 0.09125 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.66 116.15 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00000 -0.00154 0.97 0.46 -0.95 -0.18 19.95 0.

Application Examples 52 Example Problem 5 NOTES .Part I .

2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). 6 This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure. Y 9 8 7 15' 3 6 8 5 5 5 2 15' 7 3 4 1 4 20' 1 X 40' 2 53 . the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is applied.Example Problem 6 Example Problem No.

0. 8 40. UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000.Application Examples 54 Example Problem 6 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. . the Z coordinates need not be provided. Semicolon signs (. 2 3 5 . 7 0. . 4 40. POISSON CONCRETE ALL . . 20. 2 40. SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports. 20. . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 4 2 4 .Part I . Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. 6 40. 0. 50.0 Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic) attribute. 5 0. 9 7 8 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the major axis (IZ) are provided. 35. UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used for input to follow. 50.) are used as line separators. 3 5 7 . 35. . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 7 3 4 . and that allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. . STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Since this is a plane structure. 3 0. 8 5 6 . ALL . 5 4 6 6 6 8 . JOINT COORD 1 0.2 IZ 1. MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2.

Poisson’s ratio. EM -12. Load 2 is a POSTSTRESS load. ES 3. EM -12. Members 7 and 8 have cable force of 300 kips. LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. The assumptions and facts associated with this type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. etc. EE 3. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. EE 3. ES 3. 55 . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to perform the analysis. Load 1 contains PRESTRESS load. as well as additional information about both types of loads. support reactions and member forces in the output file. UNIT FT PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements.Example Problem 6 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 300 kips. Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. For a difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS loading.g. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 3 inches above the center of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 12 inches below the c. The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet.

00000 0.00000 0.00039 0. 16. .00000 0. 2 40.00000 0.00059 0. 6 40. 9 7 8 SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2.00000 0. ES 3.07698 0. 2 3 5 . 18. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00000 -0.07224 0.00000 0.00000 0. 5 0.00039 0. 50.00000 0.00000 . STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0. 12. Intl.00000 0. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300.00000 0.00000 0. 15.00059 0.00000 0. 17. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 .00000 0.00000 0. 13.2 MB 24.00087 0.00000 0.00000 0. 10.00000 0.00000 0. 7.00000 0. 3 5 7 .00000 0. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300.00000 0. 3. EM -12.00000 0.00000 0. 3 0.00000 0.00000 0.Part I . 22.00000 Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.2 IZ 1. 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 7 3 4 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 2.00000 0. 11.00000 0. 23. . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00000 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0. 8. EE 3.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.00015 0. 20.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 8 40.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. . 4 40.00000 0.00000 0. 4 2 4 .00000 0. .Application Examples 56 Example Problem 6 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 19.00000 0. EM -12.00000 0. 35. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0. .00000 0.00000 0. 20.00000 -0.00000 0. 21. .00000 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 4.00000 0.00000 0. 5 4 6 6 6 8 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 7 0.00000 -0.00015 0.00000 0. 8 5 6 .00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.0/ 3144.00000 -0. EE 3.0 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000. 9.00000 0. 50. EXMEM = 568.00000 0. 5. 35. 6.1 MB.00000 -0.07698 0. ES 3.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00087 0.00000 0.00000 0. 20.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. UNIT FT 25.00000 Y-ROTAN 0. 14.07224 0.00000 0.00000 0. 0.00000 0.00000 -0.

34 0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.50 -37.07 -286.81 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 -2.00 7 8 7 8 -2.71 6.65 -297.00 -241.16 0.00 2.00 0.50 -37.00 0.85 297.00 0.62 75.00 -58.00 0.29 231.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 2.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 4 3 4 304.00 0.16 -3.00 6 8 6 8 0.00 0.00 5 6 5 6 286.92 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -37.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 7 5 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -38.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -90.50 -37.00 MOM Z 58.00 0.00 4 6 4 6 0.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 57 .00 58.00 0.71 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 75.00 0.00 13.00 0.00 0.00 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 0.07 297.29 -75.00 0.00 0.48 241.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -58.00 0.00 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -6.00 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 117.00 0.00 0.00 90.50 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 0.00 75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -37.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 0.85 -304.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 -75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.92 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -3.00 0.00 0.31 3.50 -37.00 -231.71 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.62 0.92 -13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -297.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 38.Example Problem 6 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -37.00 0.00 0.62 -75.00 0.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.

co.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.reiusa.net * ************************************************************ .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * Europe support@reel.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Part I . FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Application Examples 58 Example Problem 6 26.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.

The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. 20' 5 6 6 3 4 7" 15' 7" 5 4 6" 3 15' 1 7 2 1 2 59 . OFFSET connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. 7 This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections.Example Problem 7 Example Problem No.

LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 3 0. UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. This allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line. UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7. 0.0 0. MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 Member properties are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table for all members. the Z coordinates need not be provided.0 0. Since this is a plane structure. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 . .0 . 15.Part I . . Semicolon signs (. 15.Application Examples 60 Example Problem 7 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 -6. 5 0. 0. 4 20. 2 20.0 0.0 7 END -7. 6 5 6 .) are used as line separators. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. The word ST stands for standard single section. 30. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. .0 0.0 0. 30. JOINT COORD 1 0. 7 1 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 5 6 END -7. . 6 20.

6 and 7. 5 FX 25.Example Problem 7 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. CONSTANT E 29000. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis.0 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. These attributes are applied to members 5. 61 . LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. UNIT FT PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. The X. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT. The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet. . Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided. JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2.

.Part I .Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.

3 3 5 4 5 3 4 .0 5 6 END -7. 26.43 3 1 3 5 -6.00 0. 15. 20. 7.74 6. 18.0 7 END -7.00 -75. 2. 8. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2.50 0.00 0.74 -4.00 0.89 66. 13. 2 20. .00 0. 12.11 -13. 15.0 0. 3 0.0 0.74 10.0 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 23.50 4. .00 0.00 0.00 0.2 MB 27. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 5 FX 25. 3.32 -71. 4 20. UNIT FT 28.76 2 1 2 4 75.00 0.00 -5. 30.00 0. 5 0. .00 0. Intl. 30. 6 20. 14. 4.00 0. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7. 0. . 10. 24. 17.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0.22 68. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.74 11.00 4. 21.0/ 3144. 9.0 CONSTANT E 29000. 19.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -10. 22.49 4 1 4 6 6.89 0.00 111. 6.0 0.0 0.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 16.00 -84.63 0.0 -6.0 MB. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50.40 63 .11 0. 0.63 5. EXMEM = 568.00 0. 6 5 6 .00 128.89 -11.00 0.00 0.74 -6. . 11.00 0. 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 13.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 15.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 25.

00 0.63 -75.Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.56 0. PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -80.00 0.66 -0.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.reiusa.00 -4.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.32 -9.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.16 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.com * * Europe support@reel.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.co.00 -37.11 -13.co.55 -64.39 -66.99 3.co.00 0.00 0.co.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.37 6 1 5 6 13.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.74 0.00 0.00 0.66 106.11 -6.00 75.00 0.39 -3.80 -37.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 66.00 0.net * ************************************************************ .Pro.63 5. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.74 6.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.99 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.47 7 1 1 4 -106.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 -62.00 0.

Example Problem 7 NOTES 65 .

Part I .Application Examples 66 Example Problem 7 NOTES .

67 . and the members are made of concrete. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. are considered in the design. 8 In this example. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis. Y 13 20 7 21 4 11 14 15 8 9 3 1 17 15 18 6 13 10 7 16 16 1 11 8 12 19 2 10 3 X 12 5 14 9 2 4 5 6 X The above example represents a space frame. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. live and wind load. The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members. Two load cases.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No.

IY 509. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 9 4 8 13 . UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. 14 38 24 0 . 3 2 8 5 5 11 . 10 12 16 . 3 38 0. 6 11 15 . Y and Z coordinates. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. IY 2953.0 IZ 509. UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 2 4 10 . 8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.Part I . JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 21 14 16 . 19 20 13 15 . IX 6497.0 IZ 864. IX 1279. 12 0 .0 ZD 16. Semicolon signs (.0 IZ 5788. 8 18. 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 . 11 13 10 11 14 . If ZD is not provided. 18 8 11 . 9 7 .) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 3 TO 10 PR YD 12.Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 2 18 0 0 . IX 1018. IY 864. 5 18 0 24 . 0 4 0 0 24 . 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option. a . 15 13 14 17 7 10 . 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 Joint number followed by X. 7 3 9 6 12 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 .0 ZD 12. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 . STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 11 18 12 24 .

1 of ACI 318-99 offers some guidelines on the amount of reduction to be applied on the gross section moment of inertia for beams. moments of inertia (IZ.4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1. the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards. walls and slabs to account for cracking. so these will not be re-calculated.11. The IX. Clause 10. etc. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. SELF Y -1. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided. Length unit is changed from INCH to FT to facilitate input for DENsity.7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.15 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Area. such as. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis. LOAD 1 (1. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete. Since global Y is vertically upward. For this particular example. 69 . SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports. Moments of Inertia. All properties required for the analysis. CONSTANT E 3150. etc.0 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN .Example Problem 8 circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. Density.4DL + 1. IY. columns. Poisson’s ratio.4 factor.

75 (1.75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1. The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated.0 10 FZ 8.5 11 FZ 20.75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. REPEAT LOAD 1 0.5 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also.7LL + 1.Part I . LOAD 2 . The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.4DL + 1. multiply them with a factor of 0.1 Load 1 contains member loads also.Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2. .8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5.0 12 FZ 16. JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction.7WL) Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT command.

These parameters are described in the manual where American concrete design related information is available. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending.Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 71 . The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information that should appear in the output. shear and torsion. Design is performed per the ACI 318 Code. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure. CODE ACI TRACK 1.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 11 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands. END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design. MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the #11 bar.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2.

7. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 6 60 . 33. 10. 11 18 12 24 .0 ZD 12. 2 4 10 .0 IZ 5788. 29. 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . 17.0 IZ 864. 8. 10 12 16 .7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0. 40. 39. 15 13 14 . 16. IX 1018. 12. 23. 3. 21 14 16 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 .4DL + 1. 19. 14. 2 18 0 0 . 2. 27. 25. 36. 21. 24. 5 18 0 24 . 16 15 16 17 7 10 . 43. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 ZD 16. 19 9 12 20 13 15 . 22. 26. 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 .1/ 40263. 37. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 13. 3 TO 10 PR YD 12. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 .7LL + 1. IY 509.75(1.0 IZ 509. 18. IY 2953.1 LOAD 2 . 8 9 14 9 6 12 . 20. 14 38 24 0 .75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. 28. 8 18 12 0 . 35.Part I . 0 4 0 0 24 .1 MB 44.0 12 FZ 16. 5. 3 38 0. 18 8 11 . 11. IX 6497. 4 8 13 5 5 11 . 38. 3 2 8 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.5 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 5/ 30 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 15. DISK SPACE = 12.5 11 FZ 20.15 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1. 7 3 9 . IX 1279. 30.4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2. Intl. 42. 6 11 15 . 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. 32.4DL + 1. CONSTANT E 3150. 6. IY 864. 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN . 31.0 10 FZ 8.7LL) SELF Y -1. 41. 4. 9.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5. 34.

SIZE .67 14. ROW=0.11 0 + 0-0/0 16 + 2-0/0 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 371.40 92.80 227. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 80.67 FT.63 10.00 0.0214 ROWMN=0.98 -5.55 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 4265.47 -31. IN.01 -106. TRACK 1.0214 ROWMN=0.09 -7.KIP FEET MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 68.46 -92.23 -4.92 6. ROW=0. ROWMX=0.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640.01 2.27 -17.07 -0.59 8.48 0.37 62.78 -0.84 15. TRACK 2.00 1.81 0.92 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 45.92 0.67 0.77 inch^4 3 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM.11 -137.31 IN2.06 -0. CODE ACI 1999 47.0085. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 ===================================================================== BEAM NO.22 -10.71 7.50 IN2.45 2.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.00FT.03 -0.00/ 2.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.00 0.62 -0.38 IN2. IN.84 inch^4 73 . 14 DESIGN RESULTS .0044.20 139.14 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 8050.53 INCH | | REQD.03 -66.73 -14. FT.22 4.78 5.70 0.63 -1.51 -225.63 -13.19 KIP-FT AT 20.45 -3.72 41. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 43.54/10.33 14.76 78.60000.00 0.00 0.19 279.22 84.00 X 21.0214 ROWMN=0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.06 0.4000.78 -2.45 -4.77 82. FY .00 0.88 6 12 6 12 170.01 -1. MAXMAIN 11 ALL 50.54 105.61 -0. ROWMX=0.77 5 11 5 11 289.21 -0.05 54.72 -168.08 0.08 0. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2.0 MEMB 14 48.33 0.00 0.79 37.14 70.17 -0.67 -14. FT.0 MEMB 16 49.14 inch^4 2 1 + 6-1/8 4-NUM.61 -0.16.73 INCH | | REQD.00 0.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 LEN - 20.89 -0. ROWMX=0.66 73.00 -8. FC .04 52.75/ 5.59 41.09 4.73 0.82/ 3.00/ 1.69 5.83 -0. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 2-NUM. IN.32 -286. START CONCRETE DESIGN 46.00/ 2.23 83.54 83.6 15 + 2-1/4 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 106.26 63.80 371.00 FT.62 INCH | | REQD.82 -69.89 2.20 -25.83 0.00 -0.90 5.00 0.30 -4.50 15 16 15 16 13.41 3.41 -0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.00 0.67 0.01 0.12 -6.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT.09 -3.70 -6.78 -53. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 5.09 9.49 -3.03 -0.01 KIP-FT AT 0.07 1.00 0.31 KIP-FT AT 11.66 -15.83 89.21 0.71 97.98 11 12 11 12 -9. ROW=0.17 2.40 24.0184.10 0 + 2-5/8 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 191.63 0.75 -77.74 -0.00 FT.

STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 3-NUM. | | | | | | | | | 3#6 H 18.Part I .0043. 20. | | 16#4 C/C 7 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 2#10H | 3. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21.2 IN.X 21_____________________ 12J____ | | ||=========================================================================|| | 4#11H |18.Vu= 84.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640.00FT.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY .16. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT . | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |==========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | ooo | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO.50 IN2. C/C FOR 102. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 7.30 INCH | | REQD.46 KIP-FT AT 0.00 X 21. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.0214 ROWMN=0.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6. 16 DESIGN RESULTS . FT.50/ 2. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 53.60000.84 inch^4 3 1 + 6-1/2 6-NUM.00 FT.00/ 2.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.21 KIP Vc= 36.82/ 5. IN.62 INCH | | REQD.0038.00 FT.00 inch^4 2 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM.80 KIP Tu= 0.6 0 + 0-0/0 2 + 3-3/4 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 105.11 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 320.11 KIP Vs= 31.TO |240. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S .30 IN2.0214 ROWMN=0. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.39 KIP-FT AT 10.TO 240. IN.11 KIP Vs= 62.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION. PROVIDE NUM.75 inch^4 . REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.76 KIP-FT AT 20. IN. IN.0154.4000.14 IN2.Vu= 57. FT.X 16. AT END SUPPORT .4 IN. SIZE .00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.00/ 1.72 KIP Vc= 36.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.4 17 + 7-1/2 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 92. ROW=0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.0214 ROWMN=0. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 12.00/ 1.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10. IN. PROVIDE NUM.95 KIP Tu= 0.37 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2438. ___ 11J____________________ 240. ROWMX=0. ROWMX=0. ROW=0.Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 B E A M N O.TO |194.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT.75/ 5. FC . |3. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 4. ROWMX=0.43 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 6625.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.30 INCH | | REQD. |0.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6.00 FT. ROW=0.|182. C/C FOR 102.

21 KIP Vs= 13.68/ 320.46 0.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT . 0. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) (FEET) (SQ.00 92. IN.000 0.885/ 1.67 13.76 LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 R E S U L T S . AT END SUPPORT . PROVIDE NUM. C/C FOR 102.Example Problem 8 REQUIRED REINF.745/ 2. | | 12#4 C/C 9 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 3#11H | 3.679/ 4.758/ 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1. IN.33 20.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.000 0. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 75 .000 0.69/ 138.419/ 0.00 16.00 11. INCH) 0. 1.00 0. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.TO 28.000 0.90/ 218. 0.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.00 0.33 5. C/C FOR 102.33 KIP Vc= 69.80/ 275.33 15.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.21 KIP Vs= 15.X 16.66/ 307. PROVIDE NUM.00/ 23.00/ 16 D E S I G N 105. 212.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.53 KIP Tu= 0.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.33 10. 6#4 H 18.000/ 0.71/ 212.02 KIP Tu= 0.00 0.644/ 2. ___ 15J____________________ 240.000 0.78/ 129.323 0.34/ 271.000 1.67 3.37/ 0.39/ 309. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.67 8.00 0.000/ B E A M N O.X 21_____________________ 16J____ | | ||======= =========|| | 3#6|H |18.60 KIP Vc= 69.TO 240.00 0. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.TO 240.289/ 1.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.000 0.000 0. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.67 18.000 0.Vu= 70.00 0.000 0.793/ 3.000 0.282/ 3.455/ 4.00 6.00 0.158 MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KIP-FEET) 0. | | | | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | ooo | | | | | | | | oooooo | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | 6#4 | | | | | | | | | | | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 51.Vu= 71.248/ 4.00 0.18/ 34.4 IN.4 IN.

FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.4000 PSI. 5 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 . TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 6.12.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.015 3 SPACING 2 END 0.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.net * ************************************************************ . CIRC SIZE 12.co.Part I .Application Examples 76 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO. SQRE SIZE .4000 PSI. TIED BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 INCHES DIAMETER AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 3. END CONCRETE DESIGN 53. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 .uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 INCHES.reiusa.Pro. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------11 .60000 FC .60000 FC .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.NUMBER 7 5.NUMBER 5 (EQUALLY SPACED) TIE BAR NUMBER 3.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.00 X 12.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. 2 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .189 SQ. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.AXIAL + BENDING FY .00 IN ==================================================================== COLUMN NO. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.00 IN STA 0.700 8.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.581 SQ.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 52.AXIAL + BENDING FY . IN.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. IN.000 2 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 8.com * * Europe support@reel.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.

Example Problem 8 NOTES 77 .

Application Examples 78 Example Problem 8 NOTES .Part I .

9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates). Concrete design of an element is performed. 79 .Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall.

JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 .25 20 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands. 8 37 38 . STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 .25 0 37 20 3. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above. 9 38 39 . The second line forms the title to identify this project. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described.Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Y and Z axes. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines.75 0 36 20 11.Part I . 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 4 34 35 .75 20 39 20 11. 5 35 36 .

32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 . 30 23 24 . 38 26 27 . 35 16 17 . 34 15 16 . 28 14 18 29 18 23 .Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. the points describe the outer edges of a slab and that of a shear wall. 26 12 13 . 27 13 14 . In this case. 31 24 25 . GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 81 . In other cases. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements. the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined. 36 17 22 37 22 26 . STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized. Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. 39 27 28 . Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. For some members. 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands.

Part I .ft. Length units are changed to inches to facilitate the above input. intensity on elements 41 to 72. . SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported. UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT. the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A.5 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 0.5 ft thick. MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 1 ft depth and 1 ft width. ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1. B.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 1 Kip/sq. For example.Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the superelement profiles. C and D with 4 elements along the side AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA. The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis.

22 and 33. START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform a linear elastic analysis is specified above. LOAD COMB 3 1 0. 22 FZ -100. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions.3 Load 3 is a combination of 0.Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -20. Design is done according to the ACI 318 code. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3. Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11.3 times load case 2.9 times load case 1 and 1. FINI The STAAD run is terminated. 83 .9 2 1.

STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND * FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . 31 24 25 . 49.25 0 37 20 3. 58. 25. 30 23 24 . 34. Intl. 53.25 20 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 9 38 39 . 46. 8. 45. 48. 32. 34 15 16 . 50.Part I . 11. 7. 38 26 27 . 24. 27. 37. 13. 9. 60. 54. 52. 6 36 18 7 4 37 .5 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1. 10. 33. 26. 56. 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 . 22. 17. 42. 8 37 38 . 3. 55. 40. 39. 5 35 36 . 20. 15. 41. 14. 35 16 17 . 12. 19. 57. 5. 51. 26 12 13 . 62. 35. 30. 31. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 63.75 0 36 20 11. 29. 28 14 18 29 18 23 .75 20 39 20 11. 18. 4 34 35 . 40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. 47. 39 27 28 . 44. 61.Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 36.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD . 2. 16. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . 21. 38. 23. 43. 59. 6. 27 13 14 . 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 4. 28.

34 -2.94 ANGLE= -13.54 -80.15 -40.60 327.09 8.68 1.00 0.29 20.54 74.6/ 40263.07 0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12.23 3.53 10.29 160.00 45.70 22.18 -45.21 0.41 -10.00 0.98 ANGLE= 50.47 293.97 11. LOAD LIST 1 3 70. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.76 -72.72 331.08 370.18 0.15 40.99 -18.16 0.09 -8.28 54.84 -1.21 25.00 0.15 -40.45 -5.59 -266.01 -0. 22 FZ -100.61 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 72.72 -11. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 31 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 65/ 12/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.72 -22.52 0.72 0.00 0.16 82.08 -25.18 -1.40 SMIN= -336.00 -75.56 -0.61 82. 65.72 -11.69 45. 66.83 -1.27 -11.01 0.97 48.45 -11.82 336.41 20.54 326.07 234.4 1.24 TMAX= SMIN= 241.15 40.41 -57.03 0. 68.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.03 57.28 -48.51 51.27 13.Example Problem 9 64.01 0.90 -0.21 9. 67.56 -38.69 -45.00 0.40 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX 0.0 MB 6 390 69.41 -57. 11 33 FZ -20.54 73.54 74.09 -8.65 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.81 TMAX= 0.75 5.68 SMIN= -370.09 8.45 -13. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.99 51.77 82.35 42.92 345.54 73.78 326.19 366.97 234.61 11.09 13.07 -0.92 77.59 TMAX= SMIN= 264.21 -9.24 -239.00 0.65 0.08 22. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 9.03 -0.00 -9.01 -0.53 299.5 ANGLE= ANGLE= 85 .68 1.18 0.63 366.00 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY -14.53 10.61 82.00 0.62 38.53 -10.9 2 1.75 -0.0 18.28 -48.KIP FEET MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0.00 0.18 0.7 20.00 0.53 -10.08 57.28 54.41 0.12 12. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= 3 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT 1.90 11.03 75.

00 / / 1 0.IN/FT) MOM-Y /LOAD (K-FT/FT) .net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.83 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN*************************** 76. DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY ---------------------ELEMENT LONG.Pro.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.851 14.310845E+02 47 1 3. . / 0 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. REINF (SQ.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.197746E+01 47 1 3. END CONCRETE DESIGN 77.IN/FT) MOM-X /LOAD (K-FT/FT) 47 TOP : Longitudinal direction 47 TOP : Transverse direction 47 TOP : 0.705869E+02 PLATE NO.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Only minimum steel required.562 11. 1 1 5. START CONCRETE DESIGN 74.co. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.net * ************************************************************ .Only minimum steel required.60 TRANS.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 9 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. CODE ACI 75.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.Part I . 47 47 CASE NO. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.705869E+02 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 73.666784E+02 -3.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. REINF (SQ.130 0.00 BOTT: 0.reiusa.co.130 0.

Example Problem 9 NOTES 87 .

Part I .Application Examples 88 Example Problem 9 NOTES .

Tank Model Deflected Shape 89 . Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements.Example Problem 10 Example Problem No.

This is followed by X. Joint number followed by X. 5. 83 5. 81 5. REPEAT 2 5. 0. REPEAT 3 0. UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 0.Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates. 0. REPEAT 4 -5. REPEAT 4 0. Y and Z coordinate increments. 0. 0.Part I . 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 15. This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 0. 20. 0. 0. 0. 0. 5 0. REPEAT 4 5. 0. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. -5. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out. 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 . 5.

91 . etc. No moments will be carried by these supports. 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS.0 inches THick. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. up to 76. The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. UNIT FT LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1. 11. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above. This is explained in detail in Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual.Example Problem 10 76 77 78 79 80 86 16 87 88 89 89 21 26 31 36 46 26 31 36 41 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element. 6. 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2. CONSTANTS E 3000.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 8. UNIT INCHES ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 8.

Part I - Application Examples

92

Example Problem 10

1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
Load case 1 is initiated. It consists of element loads in the form of
uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis on several
elements.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
UNIT INCHES
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65
The joint displacement values for the listed nodes will be reported
in the output file as a result of the above command.
PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
Two types of results are requested for elements. The first one
requests the nodal point forces in the global axes directions to be
reported for elements 13 and 16. The second one requests element
centroid stresses in the element local axes directions to be reported
for elements 9 and 12. These results will appear in a tabular form
in the output file.
START CONCRETE DESIGN
The above command initiates concrete design.
CODE ACI
DESIGN SLAB 9 12
Slabs (i.e. elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the
reinforcement requirements obtained. In STAAD, elements are
typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of
the element.
END CONCRETE DESIGN
Terminates the concrete design operation.

Example Problem 10

FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

93

Part I - Application Examples

94

Example Problem 10
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STAAD.Pro
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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Time=
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46.

STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK STRUCTURE
UNITS FEET KIPS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. 0. 5 0. 20. 0.
REPEAT 4 5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 4 0. 0. 5.
REPEAT 4 -5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 3 0. 0. -5.
81 5. 0. 5. 83 5. 0. 15.
REPEAT 2 5. 0. 0.
ELEMENT INCIDENCES
1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1
REPEAT 14 4 5
61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1
65 1 6 81 76
66 76 81 82 71
67 71 82 83 66
68 66 83 56 61
69 6 11 84 81
70 81 84 85 82
71 82 85 86 83
72 83 86 51 56
73 11 16 87 84
74 84 87 88 85
75 85 88 89 86
76 86 89 46 51
77 16 21 26 87
78 87 26 31 88
79 88 31 36 89
80 89 36 41 46
UNIT INCHES
ELEMENT PROPERTIES
1 TO 80 TH 8.0
CONSTANTS
E 3000. ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORT
1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED
UNIT FT
LOAD 1
ELEMENT LOAD
4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1.
3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2.
2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3.
1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
-----------------------------------

NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
89/
80/
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
80/
17/
108 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
58 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
13.0/ 40263.8 MB

47. UNIT INCHES
48. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65

25
534

Example Problem 10
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
-----------------JOINT

LOAD

5
25
45
65

X-TRANS

1
1
1
1

Y-TRANS

-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401
-0.00401

0.00025
0.00025
0.00025
0.00025

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS

X-ROTAN

-0.00401
-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401

0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021
-0.00021

Y-ROTAN
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

Z-ROTAN
-0.00021
0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
49. PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
ELEMENT FORCES
--------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

GLOBAL CORNER FORCES
JOINT
FX
FY

16
17
22
21

FZ

MX

MY

MZ

ELE.NO.
13 FOR LOAD CASE
1
-2.3394E+01 -1.8177E+01 -3.6992E+00 -1.2206E+02 2.3406E+02 1.3494E+02
-7.8087E+00 -1.4952E+01 -1.7358E+01 -6.9992E+01 -2.7701E+01 -2.2052E+02
4.0938E+01 5.9769E+00 1.8117E+01 -1.5118E+02 5.5766E+02 2.6685E+02
-9.7352E+00 2.7152E+01 2.9396E+00 2.9766E+02 4.9940E+02 -1.8126E+02

ELE.NO.
16 FOR LOAD CASE
1
19 -3.7545E+01 3.4661E+00 -2.8314E+01 -2.3962E+02
20 -3.6485E+01 5.3807E-01 -2.7070E+01 2.5526E+02
25 3.2481E+01 1.2152E-06 2.6231E+01 -4.9113E+02
24 4.1549E+01 -4.0042E+00 2.9153E+01 5.2581E+02

1.9504E+02 2.4379E+02
2.1809E+02 -4.0256E+02
1.4410E+03 4.9113E+02
1.4689E+03 -3.3236E+02

50. PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
ELEMENT STRESSES
----------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT

LOAD

SQX
VONT
TRESCAT

1

0.15
1.32
1.53
0.82
0.72

0.01
1.18
1.36
SMIN=
SMIN=

-0.02
2.05
2.05
2.04
0.01

-0.04
1.72
1.72
SMIN=
SMIN=

9

TOP :
BOTT:
12

SMAX=
SMAX=
1

TOP :
BOTT:

SMAX=
SMAX=

SQY
VONB
TRESCAB

MX
SX

MY
SY

MXY
SXY

-5.45
0.02

5.60
0.08

5.38
0.03

-0.71
-0.64

TMAX=
TMAX=

-0.09
0.00
-0.01
-1.72

TMAX=
TMAX=

0.76
0.68

ANGLE= -22.1
ANGLE= -22.2

20.05
0.16
1.03
0.86

-0.22
-0.01
ANGLE=
ANGLE=

0.8
0.5

**** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES ****
MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
PRINCIPAL
PRINCIPAL
SHEAR
VONMISES
TRESCA
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
2.044089E+00 -1.715872E+00
PLATE NO.
12
12
CASE NO.
1
1

1.027224E+00
12
1

2.049288E+00
12
1

********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES********************

51. START CONCRETE DESIGN

2.054448E+00
12
1

95

Part I - Application Examples

96

Example Problem 10
52. CODE ACI
53. DESIGN SLAB 9 12
ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY
---------------------ELEMENT

LONG. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-X /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

9 TOP : Longitudinal direction
9 BOTT: Transverse direction
9 TOP :
0.173
0.00
BOTT:
0.176
5.45
12
12
12
12

TRANS. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-Y /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

- Only minimum steel required.
- Only minimum steel required.
/
0
0.196
5.60 /
/
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

TOP : Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Transverse direction
- Only minimum steel required.
TOP :
0.173
0.00 /
0
0.749
20.05 /
BOTT:
0.173
0.09 /
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN***************************
54. END CONCRETE DESIGN
55. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

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Example Problem 10

NOTES

97

Part I - Application Examples

98

Example Problem 10

NOTES

Example Problem 11 Example Problem No.5 k 7. 11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.5 k 5. The combined results are then used for steel design. 5 6 6 3 4 10' 5.0 1. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined.0 k k/ft 3 4 5 1 10' 2 1 2 20' 99 .

2 2 4 . in this case. . 3 3 5 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . UNIT FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 4 4 6 5 3 4 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line.Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Since this is a plane structure. zeros. Semicolon signs (. 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 . 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The word ST stands for standard single section. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2.Part I . the Z coordinates are all the same. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 6 20 20 0 Joint number followed by X. 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 . MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD.

hence downwards.0 5 CON GY -5. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y 101 . SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case. the length unit is changed to FEET for specifying distributed member loads.5 10. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.0 14.0 6. Without the above command.0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0.000283 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity).Example Problem 11 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. Prior to this. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title.0 5 CON GY -7. this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above.0 5 6 UNI Y -1. The factor of –1. A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5.5 Load 1 contains member loads also and they are applied on members 5 and 6.

Part I .0 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X. In a SPACE frame.0 14.0 5 CON GY 7. Also.0 6. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5.0 5 CON GX 7.0 5 CON GY 5. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title.5 10. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case. and hence the . SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix. Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load. The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions. Y. only X and Y directions need to be considered. the program converts these loads to masses.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating. In a PLANE frame.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. GX and GY indicate that the load. GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied. Z etc. Internally.0 14. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign). This will be a dynamic load case.0 6.0 5 CON GY 5. the direction (X.0 5 CON GX 5.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 direction while Y indicates local Y direction.5 10.

80 0.2 2. and 5 kips are located at 6ft.0 1.60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method.05 SCALE 32. to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative. The word CON stands for concentrated load. The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1.2 0. In both cases. 7.75 2 -0. the sign of the forces cannot be determined. Damping ratio of 0. the result is factored by 0.03 1.0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. SPECTRUM CQC X 1. The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines. 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2).75. acceleration. Consequently.35 0.75 In a response spectrum analysis.5.00 . Load combination case no. it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases.2 are used. Concentrated forces of 5. is capable of vibration along the global X and Y directions. 0. and hence are absolute numbers.Example Problem 11 resulting mass. Load combination case no.).05 (5%) and a scale factor of 32. 4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2). Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement).5 2.0 ACC DAMP 0. 103 . the spectrum data is given as period vs. 1. ABS method.75 2 0. 10ft and 14ft from the start of member 5. That is what is being done above.1 1. 0.95 . LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.80 .05 1. etc.

Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations. . reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command. The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the American Code. Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1.Part I . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements.

39. 26.5 10.1 1. 3.00 . DISK SPACE = 12. 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 .0 6. 24. 15. 16.5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. 44.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5. 32.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0.5 10.0 5 CON GX 5. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .2 2. 11.0 5 CON GY 5.95 .0 6. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. 0. 25. 51.80 0.35 0. 36.0 SPECTRUM CQC X 1. 50.0 ACC DAMP 0. 22.7 MB 2 12 105 . 37.05 SCALE 32. 35.0 6.000283 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 *LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1.60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.2 0. 30. 27.5 2.0 5 CON GX 7. 42. 41.0 5 CON GY -5. 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 . 46. 7.0 5 6 UNI Y -1.0 5 CON GY 7. 34. 0. 40.5 10.05 1. 31. 1.0 14. 21. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1. 10.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5. 4.0/ 40263. 2. 20. 9. 18.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 48. 43. 6 20 20 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 47. 33. 8.Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 14. 3 3 5 . Intl.0 14.03 1.0 14. 13. 23.0 5 CON GY -7. 17. 29. 6. 45.0 1. 19. 49.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 28. 38. 5. 12.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.75 2 0.80 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 2 2 4 .0 5 CON GY 5. 4 4 6 5 3 4 .75 2 -0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.

00000 0.000000E+00 KIPS 0.00 --------------------------55.00000 1.000E+00 0.17 0.000 0.63 0.008538E+01 2. To use these frequencies.00000 0.00 98.000E+00 0.00361 -0.Application Examples 106 Example Problem 11 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 8 2 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 4.988866E-34 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.000E+00 0.00000 -0.000E+00 0.00000 0.000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.22280 0.00308 -0.00 .67341 1.00516 -0.457E-03 -1.008538E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -9.000E+00 0.00 55.00000 0.48795 DAMPING ------0.00000 0.00000 0.606E-03 -7.02095 3.000E+00 0.488 16.008528E+01 3.00000 0.00 55.135E-03 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.606E-03 -2. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 3 PERIOD(SEC) 47.08809 -0.00 55.00 0.00 0.000E+00 0.463E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.05000 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.000E+00 0.465498E-05 -2.Part I .000E+00 0. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.135E-03 -7.00000 0. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 2.000E+00 0.724 ACCURACY 0. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.00000 0.00000 0.00000 1.00 0.00 0.008538E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 2.98 0.00 0.80226 1.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.834 99.83 1.06140 7.404E-10 3.000E+00 0. These are for information only and will not be used.00000 0.00000 0.63 0.00361 0.348E-03 -1.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00780 -0.000E+00 0.000 0.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KIPS SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KIPS -----------------X Y Z 55.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KIPS 0.000E+00 0.05000 0.00 0.00516 0.999 0.000E+00 -2.67341 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.952E-13 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.000E+00 0.00308 0.00780 0.00000 0.000E+00 -3.000 0.000E+00 0.457E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.35 0.000E+00 0.00 0.348E-03 -3.000E+00 0.08809 1.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.63 0.000E+00 0.63 0.288 ACCURACY 0.000E+00 0.

46030 -1.00 0.00701 -0.06 40.00 0.06 40.30898 0.00 0.00000 0.61 40.00000 0.40 13.00831 -0.00651 0.00000 0.00 0.30 161.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.70 19.00831 -0.00000 0.29 161.30 -131.21 -39.00000 0.00000 -0.56 4.84 2.00 0.21 -39.01251 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.11 -50.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.44 -24.88 14.28 -17.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.84 8.00 0.00248 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.94394 1.00302 -0.34 4.00000 0.00 0.81 17.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00599 -0.98286 -0.06 14.00397 -0.00 0.00 -14.00 0.00 0.36 19.44 0.10 2.00 0.00 0.29 -31.00000 0.40 2.21 14.00 0.00 0.00000 0.21 14.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.12 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 15.00 0.00000 0.00 0.07 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 40.01729 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.06 40.01706 0.02370 0.40 2.00029 -0.00000 0.73 -111.00000 0.00284 0.00 0.35 116.02370 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.92 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 4.00000 0.45561 -1.00000 0.56 27. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 0.28 40.00651 0.44 -24.00000 0.00 -44.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 -13.00 0.70 -19.00 0.00000 0.00313 1.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.94394 1.73 111.00000 0.00 0.36 19.56 27.00000 0.00 0.00397 0.29 161.59 -9.30 -64.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.28 -4.00000 0.00000 0.28 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.75 10.99 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 107 .00000 -0.00674 0.00000 0.34 -8.01706 0.00 0.00 0.45 -4.79 110.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00674 -0.00000 0.00000 0.31 -15.79 131.00 0.01729 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.44 -17.98061 0.35 110.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.30 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.07 -110.00000 0.00 0.35 131.00 0.61 -40.00 0.Example Problem 11 52.73 -15.00000 0.16 -35.92 8.00000 0.61 -40.00313 1.02303 0.29 31.98286 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.70 -19.30 161.00000 0.00599 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 -4.56 27.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.30898 0.00 0.00 0.70 19.00 14.01251 -0.00246 0.81 27.00150 1.00701 -0.00000 0.28 -17.06 40.00 0.00000 0.44 24.81 27.56 -4.28 17.00 0.00 0.06 14.00 0.00000 0.00 0.46030 0.00000 0.00029 MOM Z -14.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00246 0.35 116.28 -44.00000 0.73 -110.81 24.00284 0.45 4.00 0.88 14.45561 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 23.00000 -0.00000 0.00 0.98061 -0.30 64.02303 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00302 -0.00000 0.73 14.81 17.28 -24.00000 0.00000 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 24.88 -31.00248 0.00000 0.00150 1.00000 0.56 27.00 0.00 0.35 -8.00 0.61 0.28 2.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.12 -131.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.

00 -50.00 0.00 0.899 0.00 0.40 2.88 23.00 0.00 0.28 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 8. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL STAAD.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.Part I .73 -15.00 0.28 8.11 50.35 C 4 ST W12X26 5 ST W14X61 6 ST W8X35 PASS 9.00 0.H1-3 0.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .00 0.45 9.00 75.KIPS FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 15.16 -50.00 3 10.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.833 0.00 0.00 0.55 26.88 50.00 50.00 0.31 15.34 0.76 0.00 0.00 0.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. 55.00 0.16 15.H1-3 0.77 9.28 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.63 C (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 143.84 0.58 -75.00 0.92 -8.92 4.00 50.00 0.39 13.84 -8.21 24.00 0.00 0.91 -29.21 T PASS 6.H2-1 0.00 0.55 11.91 -143.00 0.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 4 10.00 131.28 29.00 0.00 0.35 8.00 6.21 3.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.58 115.70 C 3 ST W12X30 PASS 13.00 0.00 0. 56.28 44.00 0.34 9.59 -9.00 3 0.H1-3 0.00 0.28 0.00 0.00 0.84 2.40 13.00 0.00 0.00 .H1-2 0.15 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 C PASS 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIPS FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W21X48 PASS 19.75 10.40 2.00 3 0.H1-3 0.00 0.10 23. 54.00 -13.00 0.00 0.00 0.992 0.34 -4.28 2.00 0.16 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -4.40 15.46 143.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 0.10 2.88 35.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.00 0.00 44.99 31.63 -6.63 -6.942 0.00 0.00 0.28 4.99 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.10 -44.34 13.46 115.00 0.00 3 0.00 44.00 -131.00 0.00 0.00 0.966 0.99 4 0.21 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.872 0.00 0.84 -8.54 23.21 3.00 0.76 9.63 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 -15.61 C 2 ST W21X48 PASS 40.63 6.00 0.15 11.77 26.39 2.00 0.40 2.

UPDATE PROPERTIES.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.co.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * Europe support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Example Problem 11 57. FROM THE UPPER MENU. PRESS RESULTS. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. THEN FILE SAVE.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.Pro.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.reiusa.net * ************************************************************ 109 . PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.co.co. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.

Application Examples 110 Example Problem 11 NOTES .Part I .

The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. During this process.Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. To avoid looking into a lot of output. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. 5' X 3 41 42 Z 30' 111 . 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members.

With the repeat (R) command. UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated. The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Since this is a floor structure.Part I . the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X. The first line generates joints 1 through 6. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 & 30 respectively. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member number increment and joint number increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis. Y and Z increments of 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 Joint number followed by X. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members. . the Y coordinates are given as all zeros.

20. such as a truck. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command. WIDTH 10. UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. 10. The word ST stands for standard single section. The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation. that is. LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. DISTANCE 10. WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction.Example Problem 12 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 Member properties are assigned from the American AISC table for all members.283E-3 ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from FT to INCH. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in FEET and KIP units. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck. 5. UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. 3 axles ( 20 20 10) are specified with the LOAD command. 113 .

1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1. the total distance travelled by the reference load will be the length of the vehicle (distance from first axle to last axle) plus the span of the bridge.Part I . The Z Increment of 10ft denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 10ft apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases.31. Thus. 10 ft increments have been used. the reference wheel is on the last axle.5 0.Application Examples 114 Example Problem 12 SELF Y -1. This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation. 0. In this problem.0 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1. the X. ZI 10. As this example is for demonstration purposes only. . that comes to (10+5) + 150 = 165 feet. and 10 cases generated. 10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier.0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1. The basis for determining the number of load cases to generate is as follows: As seen in Section 5.31. LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7. For the first of these load cases. If we want the vehicle to move forward in 15 feet increments (each 15 foot increment will create a discrete position of the truck on the bridge).1 of the Technical Reference manual. The first load case which is generated will be the one for which the first axle is just about to enter the bridge. The last load case should be the one for which the last axle is just about to exit the bridge. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5. it would required 165/15+1 = 12 cases to be generated.

115 . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file.Example Problem 12 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases.

6.283E-3 ALL UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. 10. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.50 10. 5.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.000 -5.000 -10.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 27. 20.0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7.50 2. 16. 3. 14. 11. DISTANCE 10.278 KIP LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD . 7.000 -5. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.00 LIN1 LIN2 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 96 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 3 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 23. 20. 9.00 15. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0.000 -10.5 0.00 10. 25.UNIT KIP MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -20.00 15.000 -5. 0. 15.00 10. DISK SPACE = 12.00 15.00 10.Part I . 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. ZI 10. 5.000 -5.7 MB. 21. 27. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 6/ 21 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11.Application Examples 116 Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 8. 13. 4. WIDTH 10.00 15.000 -20.000 -10. 12. 2. 24. 26. Intl.000 -10. 18. 19. EXMEM = 568. 17.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.2/ 3143. 22.

00 20.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.50 10.000 -5.00 5.000 -10.000 -5.00 10.00 15.00 25.000 -5.00 20.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10.000 -20.000 -10.00 10.00 20.000 -10.00 10.000 -20.50 2.00 25.50 2.00 25.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 CON -10.00 5.00 20.00 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -10.000 -10.00 20.00 10.00 10.000 -5.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.00 20.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 CON -20.000 -5.00 25.000 -10.00 20.00 25.000 -5.000 -10.00 2.000 -10.000 -10.000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 CON -10.00 10.000 -5.00 25.000 -10.000 L 117 .000 -5.00 20.000 -10.00 15.000 L LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -10.000 -10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.00 25.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10.000 -10.00 25.00 5.000 -10.UNIT KIP MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.000 -10.00 10.00 10.000 -10.000 -10.00 20.Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 15.000 -20.00 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 10.000 -10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.000 -5.000 -5.00 20.00 15.000 -5.50 5.00 20.

00 20.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.00 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -5.000 -10.000 -5.000 -5.00 15.00 20.000 -5.000 -10.50 2.000 -10.000 -10.00 10.000 -10.00 5.50 2.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 CON -10.00 25.00 2.000 -10.00 5.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.00 25.00 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -20.00 20.000 -5.000 -10.00 10.00 10.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -20.000 -10.00 20.00 2.Part I .000 -10.00 15.00 20.00 20.00 20.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.000 -10.Application Examples 118 Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 15.UNIT KIP MEMBER 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.00 20.00 5.000 -5.000 -20.50 2.00 10.50 5.000 -20.000 -10.000 L .000 -5.000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -10.00 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 10.00 20.00 25.000 -20.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.00 5.000 -5.000 -5.00 15.000 -10.000 -10.000 -5.000 -5.00 25.000 -20.00 5.00 20.00 10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 20.00 10.000 -5.000 -5.50 5.00 5.

00 5.90 0.00 0.00 -4.00 5.00 15.00 1 0.00 4 1 5 11 16.00 0.00 0.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.00 -109.00 5.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 1 1 1 11 6.00 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 29.000 -20.00 0.00 15.06 0.co.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.08 0.co.33 0.co.00 30.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.000 -10.02 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 5.80 0.00 3 1 3 11 0.000 -10.Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 2.50 10.00 0.co.00 10. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 15.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.80 0.00 5 1 10 11 FX DIST 0.00 5 1 10 11 0.00 1 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.03 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= LD **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 5.00 0.00 5.00 30.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.000 -5.00 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 28.00 5.000 -5.00 30.000 -5.00 -99.89 0.00 0.000 -10.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL FEET L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -20.000 -10.00 -0.00 11 0.00 1 0.00 10.00 30.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 15.Pro.00 5.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.97 0.000 -5. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KIP FEET MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN 42 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD 18.00 -373.00 11 0.00 30.50 5.08 0.net * ************************************************************ 119 .00 0.00 -6.00 10.00 10 1 11 11 6.com * * Europe support@reel.00 2.06 0.reiusa.00 0.00 5.

Application Examples 120 Example Problem 12 NOTES .Part I .

0 k 2 2 3 1 3 1 4 X The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure. The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends and several intermediate points of the members. 13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. Y 3.Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. 121 .0 k/ft 5.

MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 Properties for all members are assigned from the American AISC steel table. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . 0. The word ST stands for standard single section. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. . 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. . Since this is a plane structure. 0. and Y coordinates are provided above. Joint number followed by X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. . 15. 2 2 3 . 15. . Semicolon signs (.Part I . material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from FT to INCH.Application Examples 122 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD.) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 3 20. the Z coordinates need not be provided. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 2 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL In the above lines. 4 20. UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000.

PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory. JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction. 4 PINNED Joint 1 is restrained for all six degrees of freedom. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS * UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH * POINTS. all three translations are restrained. Load 1 contains a joint load of 5 kips at node 2. At joint 4. UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. 123 .Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED . FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE * POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS).

. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT The above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Part I .Application Examples 124 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.

MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3.37 -27. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.63 4. 5. 0.00 0. 21. 12. 4. 15.00 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .00 0.37 32.00 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 4 20.00 22.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 27. 0. 30. 15. . .3 MB.49 -7.00 60. 2 2 3 . 19. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. DISK SPACE = 12. * * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAMND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS).00 0. 2 0. 125 .00 7. 13. 20. 25. 11. 29. THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH POINTS. .37 0. 14.97 -0.88 2 1 2 3 4.00 0.00 0.03 -4. 27.00 0.39 3 1 3 4 32.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.39 0. 16. 8.97 0. 4 PINNED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5. Intl.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . EXMEM = 568. 2. 3 20. 7.Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 28.2 MB 23.0/ 3143.00 0.00 0. 22. 3.63 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 -4. 15.63 -32. 9. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 17.00 0. 18. 26.00 0. 10.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.88 -60. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. 6.03 27.

1331 -0.0296 1 1.0666 0.0000 0.9151 1.9122 2.41111 1.0257 -0.9154 1.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. 36.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Part I .0000 0.9165 DISP = 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0822 1.0000 182 0.0081 -0.0000 0.0269 -0. 34. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.0000 0.0000 0.0321 -0. * THIS VALUE IS MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE STRAIGHT * LINE JOINING START AND END JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.31688 1.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.7736 1.9890 0.7290 1.0000 0.0064 0.0000 0.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0.9125 LOAD 1 2.00 0.0188 -0.9318 1.0353 -0.5474 0.0000 75.9143 1. 32.0032 1 L/DISP= 0.0000 0.9122 DISP = AT -0.0000 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0000 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Europe support@reel.0225 -0.0000 0.0000 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.3523 -1.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0000 DISP = 0.0054 -0.reiusa.0000 0.0215 -0.0000 0.0242 -0. 35. THE LOCATION * OF THE MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.9129 1.Pro.0000 0.9158 1.1486 2.6316 -0.0000 0.0000 0.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 13 31.0000 -0.0385 -0.0128 -0.0192 -0.7221 -1.0000 0.0323 AT -0.0000 0.0000 214 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** 38.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.6719 0.9147 1.9082 -0.0010 -1.0000 90.3260 -1.9133 1. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.0000 0.0000 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0000 0.0000 0.9544 1.0162 -0.9162 1.0173 0.1538 1.5471 0.2856 -0.1494 1.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X.0000 0.2833 0.9165 1.0000 0.0027 -0.co.0135 -0.0000 437 0.0385 1.0000 0.1461 0.0160 -0. 33.2067 -1.0000 0.0000 0.3303 L/DISP= -0.00 0.co.6480 LOAD -0.0000 0.9136 1.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.0323 -0.83895 AT 0.3931 1.9140 1.0000 0.net * ************************************************************ .3398 LOAD L/DISP= -0.3882 0. 37.0289 -0.0096 -0.0108 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 120.co.2539 0.0720 2.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.3903 -1.co.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.Y.

Example Problem 13 NOTES 127 .

Part I .Application Examples 128 Example Problem 13 NOTES .

The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. 49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 129 .Example Problem 14 Example Problem No.

A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 .Part I . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 The X. this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 10 feet for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. First.Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Then. coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced. UNIT FEET KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here. the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136. the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64. Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112. The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times.

5 CT 0. The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD.25 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads. UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in American (AISC) steel table. The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands. Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor. members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1. Finally.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2.Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236. 131 . CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants. the default built-in values are used.2 I 1. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints.

Member weights are not shown in this example. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads.25 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of load case number. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight. the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated.Part I .5 49 TO 64 FY -1.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. and.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2.25 In load case 2. joint weights and/or member weights.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report in the output file of all the applied and generated loadings.Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 Importance factor. Along with the UBC load.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. Vertical loads too are part of this case. LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction. It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only. Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis. . In other words. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS. deadweight and other vertical loads are also added to the same load case. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. it is important that we add horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case.

Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory. 133 .

35. 32. 20. 53.Part I . 42. 31. 4.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 52. 23. 50.5 49 TO 64 FY -1.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2 I 1.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2. 27. 21. 10. 19. 11. 43. 22. 40.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2.25 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. 15.5 CT 0. 45. 14. 16. 47. 2.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. 18. 17. 26. 24. 12. 36. 46. 9. 33. 49. 7.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 8. 37. 41.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 39. 51. 48. 38. 13. 5. 28. 29. 3.25 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. 25. Intl.25 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA . STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. 34. 44. 6. 30.Application Examples 134 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1.

00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.50 -2.25 -1.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.3 MB.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 23 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.50 -2.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.4/ 3143.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .50 -2.Example Problem 14 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 16/ 14/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 0.00 135 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. EXMEM = 568.00 0.

00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.000 * * C = 2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.988 Tuser = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 = 17.252 Tuser = 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** .00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 X 285.0611 X 285.00 0.00 0.000 * * C = 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.7500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.7500.00 0.00 0.53 = 17.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

125 0.442 0.364 0.357 0.000 0.307 0.000 AT LEVEL 20.000 ----------0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.442 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.364 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.273 0.357 0.000 0.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.154 0.182 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.273 0.154 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.154 0.000 0.357 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.182 0.307 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 1 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 0.364 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.182 0.719 137 .182 0.000 ----------0.000 FEET 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.456 0.000 0.357 0.125 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.307 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.273 0.750 0.000 0.125 0.442 0.000 0.357 0.307 0.442 0.Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.250 0.000 0.307 0.

000 0.182 0.000 0.125 0.000 0.154 0.442 0.456 0.307 0.442 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.273 0.307 0.357 0.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.750 0.000 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.154 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.442 0.000 0.357 0.154 0.000 AT LEVEL 20.357 0.000 0.250 0.442 0.154 0.000 0.307 0.307 0.182 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.125 0.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.000 0.000 0.125 0.182 0.154 0.357 0.154 0.250 0.000 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.000 0.357 0.364 0.000 0.719 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .182 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 0.000 0.Part I .000 0.364 0.273 0.357 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.000 0.273 0.307 0.000 0.307 0.000 FEET 0.307 0.154 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 2 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.

00 -0.02 5.62 17.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.01 -0.00 0.36 19.05 16.88 21.00 0.33 4.10 14.93 -0.37 0.00 0.33 5.33 5.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.11 -0.01 -0.01 -4.83 0.92 -0.reiusa.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.51 15.01 -0.05 -4.00 4.Example Problem 14 54.33 5.38 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.01 -0.61 0.38 0.83 -0.05 -4.00 0.00 -0.83 -0.91 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.01 -4.00 0.76 21.76 20.38 -0.37 0.90 0.11 12.02 5.00 -0.00 0.92 -0.02 5.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.33 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 55.82 -0.co.co.33 -0.01 -0.00 0.34 -0.38 0.31 17.net * ************************************************************ 139 .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.95 22.41 16.00 0.82 -0.10 0.05 -4.00 0.11 -0.05 -4.82 0.52 12.01 -0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.31 19.82 0.01 -0.33 -0.82 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.01 -0.co.51 17.15 17.30 0.05 -4.69 11.59 17.00 0.05 -4.01 -4.00 0.11 -0.82 -0.01 -0.62 0.82 0.11 -0.41 21.10 0.00 0.80 0.11 -0.00 0.25 -0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.69 16.36 -0.83 0.95 15.01 -0.01 -4.00 -0.83 -0.62 0.00 -0.05 11.02 5.30 0.01 -4.11 -0.00 0.80 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.15 0.24 0.01 -4.24 -0.Pro.37 -0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -0.95 20.33 5.01 -0.24 0.00 0.33 0.82 0.01 -0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 -0.69 22.38 0.10 19.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.01 -0.01 -0.34 -0.69 20.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.36 14.44 -0.61 0.33 -0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.59 16.00 0.80 0.88 20.02 0.38 -0.44 -0.01 -0.00 0.co.05 -4.01 -0.01 -4.00 0.52 21.25 -0.33 4.95 17.80 0.33 4.05 -4.00 0.00 0.37 0.02 5.00 -0.00 0.01 -4.02 0.00 0.91 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.90 0.02 5.24 0.93 -0.11 -0.82 -0.02 5.00 0.02 5.83 0.36 -0.62 19.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.82 0.

Part I .Application Examples 140 Example Problem 14 NOTES .

Example Problem 15 Example Problem No. 15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities. 17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 141 .

29 10 13 . Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 12 ft. The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame. UNIT FEET KIP The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used for data to follow. 31 11 16 32 17 20 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X. 30 13 15 . 28 12 14 . 36 19 24 .Part I . 34 18 21 . MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 .WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem. Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD. Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs. 33 20 22 .Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE . 35 21 23 .

distributed loads on members. SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification. the default values have been used. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties. Three different sections have been used.1 0.90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can 143 . the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints. or pressure loads on plates.85 JOINT 17 20 22 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading. Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions. In this case. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in American (AISC) steel table.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0.

LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12 FT AND 24 FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11.1 FLOAD -0. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0. In this case. 20 and 22.25 XRANGE 10. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure. In this example.45 XRANGE 0. and converts them to values that can then be used as concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases. The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 11 ft. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1.0 10. two different exposure factors are specified.1 FLOAD -0.25 .Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility.85 for joints 17. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.9 24.0 21.0 20.1 Kips/sq.).Part I .0 YRANGE 11. ft) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 12 ft.9 12. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction. defined previously.13 ft. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification. is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1. In this case.1 FLOAD -0. two different wind intensities (0. ft and 0.15 Kips/sq.0 20. WIND loading TYPE 1.0 YRANGE 23. . In the EXPOSURE factor specification.0 ZRANGE 0.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation. The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here. This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input.9 12.0 ZRANGE 0. and 12 to 24 ft.2 . The input specification is done in two stages.

The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces and distributed forces on the members located in that region. In a floor load generation. The -0. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification.0 ft. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 11. The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution. XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting.9-12.0 ft and ZRANGE of 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory. ft in the negative global Y direction.1 ft. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. The YRANGE. XRANGE of 0. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system.45 signifies that the pressure is 0. 145 . For example. a floor load generation is performed.0-20.45 Kip/sq.Example Problem 15 In load case 2 in this problem.0-10.

28. 49.1 FLOAD -0.0 YRANGE 23.85 JOINT 17 20 22 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. 28 12 14 . 12. EXMEM = 568. 50. 22. 44. 5. 3. 23. 41.90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. 48.Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 1. 26. 47. 34. 10. 31.0 20.0 10. 33. 25.Part I . 2. 46. 36.0 21. 7. 30. 29 10 13 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 7 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 ZRANGE 0. 37. 9. 42.1/ 3143.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 45. Intl. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD SPACE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 .1 MB. 11. 43. 15. 6. 30 13 15 . 14.1 FLOAD -0. 39. 32. 31 11 16 32 17 20 .9 24. 29. 18. 34 18 21 .15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0. 19. 35 21 23 . 8. 16. DISK SPACE = 12. 27. 17.25 XRANGE 10. 33 20 22 . 4. 24. 13.25 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.2 MB . **************************************************** * * * STAAD.45 XRANGE 0.0 ZRANGE 0.0 YRANGE 11.2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11. 38. 40.1 0. 35. 20.9 12. 21.9 12.1 FLOAD -0. 36 19 24 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0.0 20.

00 0.97 1.264 -0.42 0.80 8.00 0.439 -0.00 0.69 5.00 0.088 -0.42 9.967 -1.143 -0.20 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.088 -0.143 -1.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 15 LOADING 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION ----------JOINT LOAD .UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 UDL L1 L2 CON -0.791 -0.967 -1.264 -0.82 3.00 0.143 -1.58 2.615 -0.00 0.00 0.42 0.03 9.791 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 0.97 1.07 4.791 -0.31 5.18 7.00 0.00 0.03 9.45 4.00 0.18 7.00 0.967 -0.00 0.00 0.93 6.00 0.318 -1.10 16.00 0.07 4.58 0.264 -0.264 -0.318 -1.143 -0.82 LIN1 LIN2 147 .10 4.00 0.55 7.088 -0.615 -0.791 -0.69 5.93 6.07 4.00 0.00 0.31 5.00 0.69 5.00 LOADING 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT ----------MEMBER LOAD .439 -0.264 -0.00 0.967 -0.20 8.03 9.00 0.439 -0.00 0.264 -0.00 0.00 0.97 1.18 4.318 -1.82 3.088 -0.20 2.00 0.00 0.615 -0.318 -1.088 -0.60 8.42 0.93 6.58 0.439 -0.58 2.791 -0.00 0.97 1.439 -0.615 -0.967 -0.318 -1.00 0.82 3.088 -0.42 0.318 -1.58 2.615 -0.439 -0.967 -1.00 0.143 -1.00 0.615 -0.00 0.00 0.42 9.45 4.791 -0.20 2.45 4.00 0.31 5.439 -0.80 8.264 -0.00 0.60 7.42 9.55 7.143 -0.20 2.59 9.58 0.088 -0.55 7.UNIT KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 3.00 0.80 8.791 -0.615 -0.59 0.20 2.00 0.58 2.18 7.00 0.00 0.

18 7.42 0.439 -0.69 5.58 0.791 -0.20 2.318 -1.03 9.143 -0.82 3.55 7.45 4.18 7.69 5.93 6.088 -0.42 9.18 7.55 7.615 -0.143 -0.18 7.80 8.45 4.31 5.42 9.45 4.93 6.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 FEET L2 CON -0.264 -0.439 -0.967 -1.58 2.967 -0.967 -1.55 7.615 -0.03 9.318 -1.143 -0.80 8.264 -0.967 -1.615 -0.791 -0.143 -0.07 4.143 -1.791 -0.69 5.143 -1.69 5.42 9.791 -0.97 1.264 -0.42 9.264 -0.31 5.615 -0.97 1.318 -1.93 6.967 -0.55 7.143 -1.967 -0.80 8.07 4.42 0.318 -1.439 -0.42 0.42 LIN1 LIN2 .31 5.439 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.58 0.58 2.Part I .439 -0.318 -1.69 5.20 2.143 -1.20 2.20 2.439 -0.58 2.82 3.318 -1.80 8.07 4.07 4.967 -0.264 -0.318 -1.791 -0.97 1.264 -0.088 -0.615 -0.791 -0.318 -1.82 3.58 0.31 5.088 -0.439 -0.967 -1.791 -0.93 6.82 3.615 -0.439 -0.55 7.31 5.143 -1.318 -1.088 -0.45 4.07 4.791 -0.264 -0.967 -0.088 -0.45 4.088 -0.58 2.967 -1.Application Examples 148 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .97 1.58 0.143 -0.264 -0.03 9.42 0.18 7.03 9.615 -0.80 8.615 -0.318 -1.088 -0.791 -0.439 -0.088 -0.93 6.615 -0.

50 4.768 -0.21 6.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 -1.54 -0.74 2.46 1.03 9.52 16.07 1.48 5.00 5.93 10.532 -0.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.532 -0.295 -0.52 7.11 3.059 -0.059 -0.650 -0.414 -0.059 -0.650 -0.54 0.295 -0.264 -0.84 5.532 -0.50 0.07 1.74 2.52 7.46 1.58 8.295 -0.532 -0.52 6.89 8.07 1.79 4.16 -0.74 2.21 7.177 -0.414 -0.58 9.46 1.177 -0.26 18.21 7.11 3.84 6.414 -0.886 -0.295 -0.84 6.532 -0.375 GY -1.414 -0.42 3.26 9.42 3.48 5.177 -0.059 -0.650 -0.886 -0.16 14.768 -0.768 -0.93 10.74 2.177 -0.532 -0.177 -0.50 10.89 7.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .768 -0.11 3.46 1.58 9.886 -0.177 -0.79 4.11 3.58 18.21 16.532 -0.059 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 9.177 -0.886 -0.48 5.650 -0.42 3.414 -0.16 5.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.375 GY FEET L2 5.48 5.89 17.886 -0.886 -0.00 LIN1 LIN2 149 .768 -0.295 -0.768 -0.79 4.93 9.93 19.177 -0.414 -0.07 1.375 GY -1.89 8.650 -0.58 0.295 -0.059 -0.650 -0.532 -0.768 -0.650 -0.16 5.42 3.84 15.54 0.414 -0.414 -0.650 -0.79 4.50 CON L -0.26 8.295 -0.768 -0.059 -0.088 -0.26 9.54 4.295 -0.

635 -0.93 6.635 -0.049 -0.886 -0.42 0.732 -0.80 8.93 6.07 4.69 5.537 -0.58 0.732 -0.732 -0.48 5.439 -0.55 7.74 2.537 -0.049 -0.20 2.18 7.439 -0.146 -0.049 -0.732 -0.650 -0.31 5.414 -0.45 4.342 -0.244 -0.55 7.97 1.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 FEET L2 CON -0.537 -0.049 -0.55 7.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .46 1.07 4.146 -0.82 3.07 1.93 6.58 0.049 -0.69 5.80 8.295 -0.45 4.31 5.146 -0.439 -0.049 -0.03 9.58 2.82 3.80 8.244 -0.146 -0.42 3.244 -0.97 1.69 5.732 -0.537 -0.439 -0.16 5.82 3.342 -0.11 3.244 -0.537 -0.58 2.42 0.42 9.45 4.342 -0.42 0.635 -0.07 4.82 3.532 -0.97 1.58 0.20 2.635 -0.31 5.31 5.732 -0.244 -0.244 -0.42 9.537 -0.146 -0.537 -0.635 -0.03 9.342 -0.42 0.244 -0.58 0.342 -0.886 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.Part I .20 2.80 8.635 -0.18 7.342 -0.58 2.69 5.049 -0.244 -0.79 4.07 4.342 -0.439 -0.635 -0.732 -0.537 -0.732 -0.439 -0.439 -0.42 9.45 4.97 1.18 7.55 7.03 9.03 9.84 LIN1 LIN2 .18 7.059 -0.146 -0.049 -0.58 2.20 2.177 -0.146 -0.146 -0.635 -0.439 -0.768 -0.93 6.42 9.342 -0.

059 -0.89 8.177 -0.177 -0.52 16.93 9.58 9.74 2.059 -0.532 -0.26 9.414 -0.059 -0.414 -0.650 -0.50 4.55 7.177 -0.650 -0.58 8.414 -0.42 3.74 2.21 16.295 -0.537 -0.650 -0.295 -0.768 -0.295 -0.146 -0.54 4.54 -0.84 15.295 -0.532 -0.80 8.16 -0.295 -0.177 -0.177 -0.07 1.50 10.42 0.886 -0.93 6.532 -0.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.89 17.342 -0.414 -0.18 7.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.93 19.146 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.059 -0.82 3.50 CON L -0.00 LIN1 LIN2 151 .11 3.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .732 -0.16 5.768 -0.52 7.21 7.58 18.532 -0.295 -0.42 9.768 -0.50 0.244 -0.79 4.46 1.414 -0.20 2.21 6.26 18.07 1.54 0.537 -0.97 1.89 7.48 5.635 -0.414 -0.46 1.26 9.21 7.732 -0.74 2.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.48 5.177 -0.58 9.532 -0.07 1.375 GY -1.48 5.03 14.049 -0.650 -0.886 -0.414 -0.84 6.26 8.69 5.31 5.52 7.768 -0.886 -0.45 4.58 2.89 8.244 -0.79 4.11 3.439 -0.177 -0.650 -0.42 3.00 5.342 -0.886 -0.07 4.375 GY -1.375 GY FEET L2 5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 -1.16 -0.79 4.46 1.42 3.650 -0.650 -0.532 -0.54 0.295 -0.11 3.768 -0.439 -0.768 -0.93 10.52 6.059 -0.059 -0.532 -0.84 5.635 -0.93 10.768 -0.

03 9.635 -0.58 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ LIN2 .049 -0.342 -0.537 -0.82 3.07 4.537 -0.244 -0.93 6.07 4.342 -0.58 0.244 -0.146 -0.20 2.45 4.635 -0.55 7.03 9.439 -0.732 -0.42 0.635 -0.69 5.732 -0.049 -0.537 -0.439 -0.049 -0.58 0.244 -0.69 5.049 -0.049 -0.82 3.049 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 9.03 9.45 4.732 -0.146 -0.55 7.31 5.732 -0.55 7.537 -0.97 1.244 -0.18 7.07 4.42 0.20 2.18 7.146 -0.342 -0.42 9.42 9.97 1.439 -0.82 3.439 -0.732 -0.58 2.439 -0.146 -0.439 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 FEET L2 CON -0.146 -0.97 1.146 -0.80 8.45 4.635 -0.342 -0.244 -0.31 5.93 6.18 7.69 5.58 2.244 -0.42 9.Part I .342 -0.732 -0.342 -0.42 0.80 8.635 -0.049 -0.93 6.537 -0.58 2.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .31 5.80 8.58 0.537 -0.635 -0.20 2.

00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.26 -0.74 -6.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.22 27.00 0.03 -0.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.04 0.Pro.05 -16.00 0.30 -7.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 29. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.reiusa.00 0.01 0.17 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 2.04 0.00 0.57 -0.01 -0.15 -5.01 0.17 15.57 -9. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 52.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 14.66 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.22 27.co.65 14.57 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Example Problem 15 51.co.25 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.49 18.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.45 29.00 0.00 0.17 15.25 -16.03 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.41 0.00 0.00 0.15 -5.03 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.co.net * ************************************************************ 153 .00 0.00 0.32 38.00 0.17 0.00 -0.00 0.35 0.00 0.33 66.01 0.41 -19.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.76 -0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.30 -7.00 0.

Application Examples 154 Example Problem 15 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 16 Example Problem No. The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. 16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. member end forces and support reactions are determined. 155 . The maxima of the joint displacements.

0 10. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above.0 0.0 Joint number followed by the X.0 7. Since this is a PLANE frame.0 The PRISMATIC attribute is used for assigning properties for all the members.0 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame.0 0.Application Examples 156 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD.0 3 0.5 0.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL .5 0. CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3. Area of cross section "AX".Part I . SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4.0 2 0. UNITS FEET KIP Specifies the units to be used for data to follow. and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 IZ 240. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 3.0 4 0.

Following this data.0 -0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.5 0. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0.5 -38.5 115.6731 2.0449 1.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.Example Problem 16 The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E".0 -115. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified.5 Load case 1 above is a static load case.5 0.001 0. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0. A uniformly distributed force of 0.5 kip/ft acts along the global X direction on all 3 members. density and Poisson’s ratio.5 -7. First.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2.5 -0. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.61 2.2244 2.61 1.0001 0.0 0. In this example.5%) for all modes. The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake).0 -38.075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis.0 0.0 DAMPING 0.82 2.0 0. the characteristics of the time varying load are provided. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0. The first stage is defined above.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 157 . the damping ratio is the same (7.2244 1.721 1.

acting in the global X direction. Following that. the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command. the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node. UNIT INCH PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously. So. The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load commands. the Type 2 time history loading. the program calculates joint displacements for every time step. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 16 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis. The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process. at nodes 2 and 3. The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force. The Ground motion. at arrival time number 1. namely. FINISH . For each degree of freedom. is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1. The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time.Part I . UNIT FEET PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step.

0 7.0 MB.0 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 30.001 0. 29. 33. 38. 21. Intl.0 -0.5 0. 37.0 10. 31.0 IZ 240.0 DAMPING 0.5 -7.0001 0.5 115.5 0.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.6731 2. 11.0 -115.5 -0.0 3. EXMEM = 568.0 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0.0 4 0. NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 6 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: SUBSPACE METHOD *** 159 . 4. 39. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 -38. 23. 20.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.5 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 0.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0. 14.2244 1.82 2.61 1. 27.5 0.0 0. 13. 6.2 MB MORE MODES WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2. 3. 17.61 2.0 2 0.0 0.075 UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 5.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 34. 35.0 0.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0/ 3143. 32. 9. 25. 2. 24.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0449 1.721 1.0 0. 16. 10.2244 2.0 3 0. 36.5 0. 12. 7. 18. DISK SPACE = 12.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3. 19. 8.5 -38. 22. 26. 15. 28.

00000 X-ROTAN 0.00000 0.347E-16 1.00000 0. UNIT INCH 41.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.00 0.00000 0.00106 0.559 56.01773 0.00000 0.000 100.06869 0.000 0.000 100.000 100.02632 0.00000 0.000000 Z= 0.00000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.Application Examples 160 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1 2 3 4 14.00000 0.006944 Y= 0.623 1637.000 100.00000 0.00 100. UNIT FEET Z-ROTAN -0.00038 0.000 0.00000 0.02632 0.03537 0.00075 .000000E+00 0.00 0.000000 40.000 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 240.00075 -0.000 0.00 0.00 0.868 0.00000 Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.03537 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00050 -0.387 945.000000E+00 0.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.000 0.604E-08 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100.00100.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= FEET -2.00050 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00061 ACCURACY 4.864824E+00 2.105E-09 2.359E-13 4.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00000 0.00000 0.000 100.00000 0.000 0. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.Part I .00000 0.499 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1799 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.00000 0.00103 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00038 0.00000 0.00000 0.00103 -0.

Example Problem 16
43. PRINT MEMBER FORCES

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
2
1
2

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2.62
-0.88
1.43
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
6.12
0.00
5.01

2
3
2
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.88
0.88
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
6.12
-5.01
5.01

3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.88
2.62
-1.43
1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
0.00
-5.01
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

44. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP
----------------JOINT
1
4

FEET

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-2.62
-1.43
-2.62
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

45. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
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161

Part I - Application Examples

162

Example Problem 16

NOTES

Example Problem 17

Example Problem No. 17
The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this
example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. User
provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not
found in the built-in steel section tables.

Y
15'

15'

16
14

10

9

12

14

11

15

18
17

8

7

15

16

20

9 21

13

22

11

9'

13

12
19

8

23

10

4

15'

2

Pinned

3

5

4

6

5

1

7

6

3
20'

2

1

X

163

Part I - Application Examples

164

Example Problem 17

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE
Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. The
PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane
frame.
UNIT FT KIP
The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used for
data to follow.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. ; 2 30 0 ; 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0
7 0 35 ; 8 30 35 ; 9 7.5 35 ; 10 22.5 35.
11 15 35 ; 12 5. 38. ; 13 25 38 ; 14 10 41 ; 15 20 41
16 15 44
The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the
various joints of the structure. The cartesian system is being used
here. The data consists of the joint number followed by global X
and Y coordinates. Note that for a space frame, the Z coordinate(s)
need to be provided also. In the above input, semicolon (;) signs
are used as line separators. This allows the user to provide
multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCES
113;237;326;468;534
6 4 5 ; 7 5 6 ; 8 7 12 ; 9 12 14
10 14 16 ; 11 15 16 ; 12 13 15 ; 13 8 13
14 9 12 ; 15 9 14 ; 16 11 14 ; 17 11 15
18 10 15 ; 19 10 13 ; 20 7 9
21 9 11 ; 22 10 11 ; 23 8 10
The above data set contains the member incidence information or
the joint connectivity data for each member. This completes the
geometry of the structure.
UNIT INCH
START USER TABLE

Example Problem 17

This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table. All
user provided steel tables must start with this command.
TABLE 1
Each table needs a unique numerical identification. The above
command starts setting up Table no. 1. Upto twenty tables may be
specified per run.
WIDE FLANGE
This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE
FLANGE in this table. Note that several section-types (WIDE
FLANGE, CHANNEL, ANGLE, TEE etc.) are available for
specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual).
WFL14X30
8.85 13.84 .27 6.73 .385 291. 19.6 .38 4.0 4.1
WFL21X62
18.3 20.99 .4 8.24 .615 1330 57.5 1.83 0.84 7.0
WFL14X109
32. 14.32 .525 14.605 .86 1240 447 7.12 7.52 16.
The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide
flange sections. The data for each section consists of two parts. In
the first line, the section-name is provided. The user is allowed to
provide any section name within twelve characters. The second
line contains the section properties required for the particular
section-type. Each section-type requires a certain number of data
(area of cross-section, depth, moment of inertias etc.) provided in
a certain order. For example, in this case, for wide flanges, ten
different properties are required. For detailed information on the
various properties required for the different section-types and their
order of specification, refer to Section 5.19 in the STAAD
Technical Reference Manual. Without exception, all required
properties for the particular section-type must be provided.
TABLE 2
ANGLES
LANG25255
2.5 2.5 .3125 .489 0 0

165

Part I - Application Examples

166

Example Problem 17

LANG40404
4 4 .25 .795 0 0
The above command and data lines set up another user provided
table consisting of angle sections.
END
This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.
All user provided table related input must be terminated with this
command.
MEMBER PROPERTIES
1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109
2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 ; 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62
8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30
14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404
In the above command lines, the member properties are being
assigned from the user provided tables created earlier. The word
UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table.
This is followed by the table number and then the section name as
specified in the user provided table. The numbers 1 or 2 following
the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are
fetched.
MEMBER TRUSS
14 TO 23
The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as
truss members.
MEMBER RELEASE
5 START MZ
The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ
moment at the start joint of member no. 5.
UNIT INCH
This command resets the current length unit to inches.

Example Problem 17

CONSTANTS
E 29000. ALL
DEN 0.000283 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
BETA 90.0 MEMB 3 4
The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity,
density, Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values.
UNIT FT
The length unit is reset to feet using this command.
SUPPORT
1 FIXED ; 2 PINNED
The above command set is used to designate supports. Here, joint 1
is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a
pinned support.
LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0
JOINT LOAD
4 5 FY -15. ; 11 FY -35.
MEMB LOAD
8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.9 ; 6 UNI GY -1.2
The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the
structure. In this case, dead and live loads are provided through
load case 1. It consists of selfweight, concentrated loads at joints
4, 5 and 11, and distributed loads on members 6, and 8 to 13.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this
point.
PARAMETER
CODE AISC
BEAM 1.0 ALL
NSF 0.85 ALL

167

Part I . the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. SELECT MEMBER 3 6 9 19 This command will perform selection of members per the AISC ASD steel design code. the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned. . In this case.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 17 KY 1.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design. For each member. It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same problem.

000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 52. 56. 26.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 43.5 35. 53.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 32.2 PERFORM ANALYSIS 169 .9 . 28.6 . 14 10 41 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 48.5 35 .1 WFL21X62 18. 55. 4. 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 25. 12.25 . 15 9 14 . 24. 15. 10 22. 11 15 16 . .5 . 2 3 7 .84 7. 23. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 17. 2. 9. 49.24 .85 13. 27. 47. 19.3 20.32 .4 8.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. 11 FY -35. .83 0. 16 11 14 .615 1330 57. 31. 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 19 10 13 . 23 8 10 UNIT INCH START USER TABLE TABLE 1 WIDE FLANGE WFL14X30 8. 41. 18. 22. 29. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 13 25 38 . 11 15 35 . 38. 5. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62 8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30 14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000 ALL DEN 0.0 WFL14X109 32. 8 30 35 . 46. 3 2 6 . 33. 37. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0. 34. 21. 4 6 8 .489 0 0 LANG40404 4 4 . 8 7 12 . 44. 15 20 41 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 10. 9 7.5 1. . 14.38 4.3125 . 22 10 11 . 42. 54. 2 30 0 .525 14.73 .12 7. 8.0 4. 12 5.27 6. 6.84 . Intl. 6 UNI GY -1. 39. 40.385 291.86 1240 447 7. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 36. 45. 14.99 . 38. 7 5 6 . 19.5 2. 20 7 9 21 9 11 .52 16.605 .Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 12 13 15 . 0. 3. 13. TABLE 2 ANGLES LANG25255 2. 11. 7. 30. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 . 20. 35.795 0 0 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109 2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 . 50. 51. 16.

60.201 0.Part I .83 0. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 31 37 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1.0 ALL NSF 0.Application Examples 170 Example Problem 17 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.852 -54.00 (UPT) AISC.00 0.85 ALL KY 1.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .845 -190.00 1 20.3 MB 2 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.NO.H2-1 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.NO. 61.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 3 TABLE ST WFL14X109 PASS 57.50 0. 10 EQN.00 (UPT) AISC.68 (UPT) AISC.86 C LANG25255 PASS 3.0/ 40262.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .2 MEMB 3 4 SELECT MEMB 3 6 9 19 STAAD.H1-3 -35. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 57.H1-2 0.57 1 2. 58.373 0.46 1 5.NO.32 C 6 ST WFL21X62 9 ST WFL14X30 ST PASS 37. DISK SPACE = 12.00 1 0.00 0.81 T 19 (UPT) AISC. 59.00 .98 C PASS 3. 62. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. 11 EQN.H1-1 0.

de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.Pro. PRESS RESULTS.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.com * * Europe support@reel. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS. UPDATE PROPERTIES.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. THEN FILE SAVE.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.Example Problem 17 63.net * ************************************************************ 171 .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. FROM THE UPPER MENU.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.reiusa.co.

Part I .Application Examples 172 Example Problem 17 NOTES .

3 ft 1 2 1 5 3 2 6 3 ft 4 9 13 3 7 5 10 7 8 6 11 8 14 4 12 9 15 16 Z Fixed Supports at Joints 1. 9. 4.Example Problem 18 Example Problem No. 2. 5. 3. 13 Load intensity = 1 pound/in 2 in negative global Y direction X 173 . 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element.

Part I . UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. based on which. JOINT COORDINATES 10004300 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 Joint number followed by X. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD. the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated. The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 1 inch. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure). CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete. SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED . ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first.

Example Problem 18 "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints. The output includes membrane stresses. in is applied on all the elements. The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z. the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.0 A uniform pressure of 1 pound/sq. bending moments per unit width and principal stresses. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command. UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1. 175 . FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory. shear stresses. In the absence of an explicit direction specification.

41 281.Application Examples 176 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0.43 2127.00 0.00 -12.33 0. 18. 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 -2821. 9. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2. 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.2 MB 7 96 23.14 301.50 -769.76 70. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 -9.00 0.00 0. 4.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0.33 70. 22. DISK SPACE = 12. 14. 19. 15.81 -95.14 301. 12.51 -16. 10.00 0. 7. 8.22 16. 21.Part I .50 769.00 0.0 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1. 20.41 281.00 0. 16. 3.00 0.00 0.81 2821. 5. 17.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** . 13.09 0.00 0.43 -2127. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 3 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1. Intl.09 853.00 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT POUN INCH ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.81 95.00 12.1/ 40262.51 -853.

com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.99 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 85.81 0.089873E+02 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 25.co.Example Problem 18 24. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE. 1 1 3.089873E+02 PLATE NO.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.99 SMIN= 7.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.99 SMAX= -7.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. 4 4 CASE NO.co.90 605.LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.87 ANGLE= -23. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 608.008685E+02 4 1 6.94 16.3 ANGLE= -23.net * ************************************************************ 177 .uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.25 TMAX= SMIN= -608.co. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 4 SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 TOP : BOTT: 10.co.com * * Europe support@reel.99 SMAX= 608.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 300.Pro.25 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -9.089873E+02 -6.3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 6.reiusa.43 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.39 608.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.39 0.00 36.87 300.053947E+02 4 1 6.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.43 605.

0 16.0 0.90 85.81 36.43 1/6t 2 = σx = SX + pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch 1/6*1 2 = 0.0 + S 0.75 ) 4 = 300.38 pounds/in 2 σy = SY + MY 85.1667 = 218.1667 in 2 (Section Modulus) MX 16.80 pounds/in 2 2 + 218.54 pounds/in 2 TMAX = TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy (101.1667 = 514.75 pounds/in 2 τxy = SXY + MXY 36.Part I .0 0.90 = 0.54 2 .0 + S 0. SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S = 0.0 + S 0.81 = 0.38 − 514.1667 = 101.Application Examples 178 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.43 = 0.

707 (SMAX − SMIN)2 + (SMAX)2 + (SMIN)2 = 605.80 2 = 7.27 pounds/in 2 Angle = = ⎧⎪ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ 1 tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩⎪ σ x − σ y ⎭⎪ 1 2 tan −1 ⎧ 2 * 218.38 + 514.38 + 514.87 pounds/in 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 − TMAX (101.176 psi 179 .38 − 514.75 ⎭ = -23.30 o VONT = 0.75) + 300.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (101.75) − 300.80 2 = 608.54 ⎫ ⎨ ⎬ ⎩ 101.

Part I .Application Examples 180 Example Problem 18 NOTES .

181 .Example Problem 19 Example Problem No. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. and we examine those in this example. 19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports.

.Application Examples 182 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.) are used as line separators. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.Part I . UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. Y and Z coordinates. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. etc. 5 6 3. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 2 10 5 10. If ZD is not provided. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. Joint number followed by X. such as. The values are provided in MMS unit. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 6 25 0 25. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. 5 5 0 5. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. All properties required for the analysis. Moments of Inertia. 3 3 4. 4 30 5 30. 3 20 5 20. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. Semicolon signs (. Area. 4 5 2. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 2 2 3. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.

namely. For the remaining one . 5m and 20m). notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10. The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system. the support at node 1 is a global direction support.5. Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X. 6.10). 10m). (20m. 1 and 4. Coincidentally. signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. In order to define the axis system. 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point. The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3. Hence. At node 5.Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. 183 . For 3 of those. The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system. the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3. local Y and local Z axes. the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED.node 1 .5. this happens to be node 2. UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . 5m. 5. we first have to define a datum point.that keyword is missing. namely. This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m. At node 6. 6 and 4. This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model.

Thus. the program sets the datum point to be the following. The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5.Part I . Notice the unique nature of these datum points. Once the datum point is established. Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y).31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member. . the datum point becomes (31m.1).0. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis. suggesting that it is an expansion joint . the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X. It takes the coordinates of node 4. By defining a KFX spring at that one. Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point. The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31.free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. MY and MZ are all released at these supports. and is hence along the axis of member 4. the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1. Since MX. The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products. the local axis system is defined as follows. In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine.30m) and adds to them. no moment will be resisted by these supports. which are (30m.5m. 5m and 31m). Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5. or the traffic direction.5.Application Examples 184 Example Problem 19 At node 4. That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3.

Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the global axis system. 185 . This has to be followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT JOINT DISP FINISH Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the members. It tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined axis system instead of the global axis system. SET INCLINED REACTION PRINT SUPPORT REACTION Just earlier. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus total reactions from the supports for each primary load case. the STAAD run is terminated.Example Problem 19 LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 2 1. What if we need them in the inclined axis system? The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK 3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are specified. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION By default. Following this. The above command is an instruction for such a report. support reactions are printed in the global axis directions.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1. we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global axis system.

27. 5 5 0 5. 2 10 5 10. DEAD LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.0/ 40262. 9.00 696. 11.93 4 27 1 . 18. 22.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 20 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -10439. 10. 8.00 0. 16. 7. 13. 17. 5. 26. 6 25 0 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. 2.93 MY= 0.Part I . 12. 24.93 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0. 21. 15.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 10439. 3. 5 6 3 UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INC REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INC REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INC 1 0 1FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 2 1. 4 30 5 30. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0. 4.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 19 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 4 5 2.93 MY= 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. 23. 14. 29. 20. 3 3 4.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1. Intl.00 -696.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -10439. 6.2 MB STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 MZ= 1 ) 1 ) 10439. 2 2 3. 28. 3 20 5 20. 25. 19.

60 94.00 0.38 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.19 -297.18888E-03 4 RY= -3.22 215.00 0.38 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 30.00 0. SET INCLINED REACTION 32.00 0.99237E-01 5 RX= -2.15 -1.00 0.27 -4.36 86.00 0.86155E-16 4 RZ= 2.00 0.64127E-16 4 RZ= 1.89 93.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 -297.00 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 3818.97411E-01 5 Y = -9.49498E+00 3 Z = -7.37 286.00 0.56 0.00 0.Example Problem 19 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -7.00 0.00 0.00 288.00 0.38 MY= 0.66161E-03 4 RY= -9.99237E-01 5 Y = -2.38 MY= 0.00 0.39 -3.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -2.00 0.00 254.84 94. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION 187 .00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.00 0.45 301.00 0.84 93.05 60.97411E-01 5 RX= -1.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -3818.00 0.18888E-03 4 2 2 ) 3818.39 -3. LIVE LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.77 383.36 86.00 -254.42 0.31566E-01 3 Z = -2.45 301.00 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 2 ) -3818.66161E-03 4 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.27 -4.81 -212.00 0.00 0.20 -85.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 32.20 -85.81 -212.00 0.91 60.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 380.00 0.15 -1.00 0.00 0.33 32.42 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 5 6 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 215.00 0.

00 0.00 0.22 0.00 0.00 0.79 -6.21 32.00 0.64 -339.00 0.00 0.69 6. PRINT JOINT DISP .25 -7.00 0.49 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.12 202.00 0.00 0.00 0.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -4.55 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.83 410.00 0.00 0.95 -114.15 -1.00 0.00 0.37 76.71 -186.00 0.84 52.00 0.00 0.00 5 6 1 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 33.00 0.58 0.00 0.60 33.00 0.89 0.58 152.81 40.60 60.46 4.79 66.15 42.19 60.42 0.00 0.00 0.61 6 3 6 3 6 3 410.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 -344.64 152.25 60.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 7.00 0.89 141.00 0.10 -300.89 93.00 0.00 0.55 116.00 0.00 0.75 0.10 120.00 0.00 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 569.00 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 -1.00 0.00 207.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 2 3 2 3 2 3 300.73 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 89.79 0.00 0.25 6.00 0.15 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 66.00 0.30 0.00 0.79 -6.41 3 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 METE LOAD 2 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 34.47 420.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 0.90 0.58 93.00 -208.67 563.84 93.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 -4.Application Examples 188 Example Problem 19 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 415.25 60.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.25 68.00 0.00 0.00 155.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 92.10 118.01 93.96 32.00 0.00 0.00 134.00 0.00 58.00 0.00 0.00 -344.75 42.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.25 68.00 0.54 -154.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -3.05 141.25 0.00 0.83 -498.74 0.24 154.00 0.57 -420.67 563.00 0.00 62.00 0.30 154.00 125.00 0.00 0.77 -72.33 32.61 60.27 -4.00 0.00 0.47 -120.00 82.81 0.67 -152.77 59.00 0.00 0.00 89.79 74.00 -3.Part I .05 60.94 39.00 0.00 0.19 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -492.33 51.00 141.00 0.79 1.00 5 2 5 2 5 2 415.54 569.00 0.81 6.00 0.57 75.00 341.00 0.00 0.00 -135.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

0007 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.0000 0.0146 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0038 -0.0003 -0.2938 -1.0509 -0.0000 0.0003 0.co.0000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.0509 -0.0841 X-ROTAN 0.0146 -0.0000 0.0966 0.0841 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0003 0.4510 -0.0024 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0027 -0.0000 0.0000 0.7903 -0.0038 0.Example Problem 19 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD X-TRANS 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0026 -0.0000 0.9139 -3.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.0966 -0.0000 0.7903 0.net * ************************************************************ 189 .0002 0.0000 0.0024 -0.7992 -0.0003 -0.co.0000 0.0000 -0.2974 -1.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.0000 0.com * * Europe support@reel.0032 Y-ROTAN 0.0363 -0.0012 0.0012 -0.4950 -0.4265 0.0363 -0.0026 0.co.0008 0.0039 0.0146 -0.Pro.0007 0.0011 -0.9316 -3.0000 0.0023 -0.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.2974 -1.2974 -1.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.0000 -2.7903 0.0007 -0.0008 -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0007 -0.0000 0.co.0007 -0.3649 -2.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.0011 -0.0146 -0.reiusa.2938 1.0027 0.0000 0.0005 0.0000 0.0008 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.0966 0.0000 0.0005 0.0841 0.0008 -0.0007 0.0011 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0011 0.0509 -0.7992 -0.0000 0.0363 -0.7992 -0.0012 -0.0031 -0.0000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.0363 -0.0032 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 35.0023 0.0509 -0.0039 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.0012 0.0000 0.2938 1.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.0031 0.0002 0.0000 0.

Part I .Application Examples 190 Example Problem 19 NOTES .

Example Problem 20 Example Problem No. The tank lies on its side in this example. 3 2 11 2 3 4 10 10 19 11 12 18 1 1 20 9 4 9 12 5 17 8 13 6 16 8 21 5 16 13 7 7 14 6 24 15 15 22 14 23 191 . 20 This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system.

JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r. The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis.Application Examples 192 Example Problem 20 In this example. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system.Part I .5 feet for each REPEAT. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified.z). the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 8. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .theta. theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft. The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis. a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements. Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8. theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft. the output is in the cartesian coordinate system. Joint 8 has an 'r' of 10 feet. 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 10 feet. Hence. REPEAT 2 0 0 8.5 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice. Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system. PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system.

Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9.Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements. must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory. incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7. The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1. FINISH 193 . namely elements 1 to 8.

071 0.000 17.000 7.000 -7.000 7.000 7.500 17.071 -10.000 7. 2.000 -7.000 7.000 7.000 7.000 17.000 7.500 8.000 -7.000 -7.071 0.071 10.071 10.071 0.071 -10.071 -10.000 -7. 9.000 17.000 17.071 0.000 -7.000 0.000 -7.071 -10.Part I . 6. Intl.000 0.000 17.071 0. 3.Application Examples 194 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.071 0.000 -7.071 0.500 8. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 10.071 -10.071 0.000 -7.000 0. 8.071 0.500 8.000 7.000 17.071 0.071 10.000 7.000 -7.500 8.000 0.5 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE FEET UNIT JOINT X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 10. 5.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.000 0.500 8.000 -7.000 0.071 0. 4.071 10.071 0.000 17.071 -10.071 10.000 -7.000 7. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 8.000 8.071 0.500 8.000 7.000 0.500 8. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.

00 0.00 0.0562 65.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.000 0.0562 65.00 0.000 0.00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.00 0.000 0.reiusa.000 0.000 0.0562 65.0562 65.00 0.00 0.000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.0562 65.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0562 65.00 0.0562 65.0562 65.000 0.000 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 E G 0.0562 65.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.000 0. PRINT ELEMENT INFO ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.000 0.000 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.Pro. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.0562 65.000 0.00 0.00 0.0562 65.0562 195 .co.00 0.00 0.000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.000 0.00 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0.net * ************************************************************ AREA 65.000 POISS 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0.000 0.000 0.0562 65.000 0.00 0.0562 65.com * * Europe support@reel.000 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.co. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 THICK (FEET) 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.000 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.Example Problem 20 11.000 0.

Part I .Application Examples 196 Example Problem 20 NOTES .

W12X26 4 W12X26 9 4 W12X26 W12X26 W12X26 3 3 8 2 2 W12X26 5 W12X26 7 5 W12X26 1 W12X26 W12X26 10 6 1 6 197 .Example Problem 21 Example Problem No. 21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.

STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. This structure is a PLANE frame. 6 15 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.9 3 5. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 3 0 20 . 4 15 20 . the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. Also. Consequently. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. 2 0 10 .8 2 4.7 2 6. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are defined above.Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5. .Part I .10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined. To accommodate these requirements. it is necessary to have 2 commands. This is because. 5 15 10 .

any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. if during the analysis. SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED The supports are defined above. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 All members have been assigned a WIDE FLANGE section from the built in American table. 199 . We do not require DENSITY since selfweight is not one of the load cases considered. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. Hence for each load case. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3. The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of these values.Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS.

Next. Without re-activation. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command.Part I . these members cannot be accessed for any further operations.0 2 1. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 .Application Examples 200 Example Problem 21 PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 Load case 2 is described above. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case.

201 . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated. The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing. CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing.Example Problem 21 acting simultaneously. In other words. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. are recognized as the "active" load cases. At the end of any analysis. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.

0 2 1.Application Examples 202 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 2. 10. 6. 15. 8 2 4 . Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 33. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 1 1. 7. 11. 13. 17. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 25. CHANGE 34. 12. 14. 3 0 20 . DISK SPACE = 12. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . LOAD 2 29. 5 FX -15 32. 18. MEMBER TENSION 35. 24. 19.2 MB **START ITERATION NO. 6 TO 9 36. 1 2 iterations. CHANGE 26.0/ 3142. Intl. LOAD 3 37. 9. 9 3 5 . 4. MEMBER TENSION 27.0 39. Case= 2 2 iterations. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 2 0 10 . Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after . 2 iterations. 5. REPEAT LOAD 38. 20. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 7 2 6 . JOINT LOAD 30.Part I . EXMEM = 568.8 MB. 8. 3. 22. 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 5 15 10 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 4 15 20 .0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 21. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 23. 16. 4 FX -10 31. 6 TO 9 28.

00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.43 1.00000 0.75 -18.00 0.43 -0.80 -9.00000 0.00000 0.24 0.00 -18.43 0.00000 0.00029 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.80 10.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00030 0.00605 0.09724 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00039 0.43 -25.91 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.59 18.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.05 -10.00 0.33 0.33 -23.00 0.33 23.24 -0.43 -6.00018 -0.00 0.49 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.75 -25.00000 0.00000 0.49 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.39 4 5 4 5 4 5 6.24 0.00 0.04313 0.00000 0.00 0.00387 0.00000 0.33 0.39 -1.06285 -0.26 -0.67 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 203 .00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.59 25.00 0.20 0.00000 0.00000 0.24 0.91 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.00 0.20 -0.00062 0.00 0.09 24.00 0.81 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00408 0.01262 0.00 0.00000 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00001 -0.00 23.26 -0.00039 -0.00 0.90 23.00 0.43 -0.00000 -0.00 0.09 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 INCH Y-ROTAN 0.59 -4.00 0.07 18.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.09 -0.00 0.00002 -0.00 0. LOAD LIST ALL 42.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.00028 -0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.24 6.00 0.39 3 4 3 4 3 4 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.49 -6.00000 0.00 0.46 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00018 0.00 0.00605 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00002 -0.00 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06285 -0.00000 0.00 0.39 4.00 0.00001 -0.00 0.00373 -0.00408 0.00 0.05 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00030 0.00000 0.00 0.90 6.00000 0.00 0.01613 0.00000 0.00000 0.43 -25.09724 -0.Example Problem 21 40.00000 0.05 0.00 0.24 0.00029 0.00 0.00 0.05 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 0.00007 -0.07 1.00000 0.20 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.04313 -0.24 0.00 0.00 0.67 -1.00000 0.59 25.00000 0.00 0.33 -23.00000 0.01613 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.05 -0.00 31.33 0.00373 0.80 -9.00 5.00 0.80 9.05 -0.00000 0. CHANGE 41.43 -0.00 0.00028 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.49 -6.20 0.00000 0.00387 -0.00 0.01262 0.00007 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -24.05 -23.05 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.08929 0.00000 0.00 0.00 6.00 25.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.08929 -0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00062 0.

co.00 -31.05 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.41 0.00 0.00 0.reiusa.00 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 29.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.26 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.73 -36.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -29.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -11.90 -14.56 36.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.79 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -23.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.41 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 24.00 0.00 0.56 37.00 0.00 0.Part I .Application Examples 204 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.31 14.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.31 -24.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 29.26 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.41 0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 24.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 -5.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 -0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -37.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 23.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 205 .

Application Examples 206 Example Problem 21 NOTES .Part I .

Time History analysis is performed on this model. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. 207 . 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading.Example Problem 22 Example Problem No.

10 7. Y and Z axes. 4 4 11 .) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. Semicolon characters (. 10 10 11 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 11 11 12 . UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 Members 1 to 12 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values of 12 inches. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 3 3 9 . 9 9 10 .5 The joint number followed by the X. 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.Part I . 12 12 5 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to.5 20 0 . 8 15 20 7.5 9 15 20 15 . . 2 2 7 . The UNIT command is specified to change the units for input from FEET to INCHes. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 7 15 20 0 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . 6 7. 2 15 0 0 . 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 . UNIT KIP FEET The units for the data that follows are specified above. 5 5 6 . 3 15 0 15 . 8 8 9 .5 20 15 .Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.

which describes the variation of force with time. is provided. The first stage is defined above.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported.2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. Built-in default value for concrete is used for the Poisson’s Ratio. a sinusoidal function. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. 209 . The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function.0 DAMPING 0. Here.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs. CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0. an ACCELERATION may be specified. density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided. In this file. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E). only one data set is defined.

The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis. LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1. The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure. .0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function. the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command.Part I . STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (See section 5.0 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information).0 8 12 FZ 4. AMPLITUDE.31.075. such as FREQUENCY.0 8 12 FY 4.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. A uniformly distributed load of 1. Following that. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads. LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1. The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number. and number of CYCLES of application are then defined.0 The above data describe a static load case.

Example Problem 22 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory. The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. 211 .

3. 29. 35. 2.Application Examples 212 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.5 9 15 20 15 . 15.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 6.5 20 15 . 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. 4. 8. 14.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 12/ 12/ 4 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 7/ 4/ 24 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 20 0 . 22. 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 .0 LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 8 12 FY 4. 27. 17. 9 9 10 .2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 6 24 6 . 37. 10 7.5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . 8 8 9 .0/ 3142. 34. 8 15 20 7. 10. 20. 11.8 MB. 2 2 7 .0 DAMPING 0.0 8 12 FZ 4. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 9. 11 11 12 . 30.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 23.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 40.2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. 2 15 0 0 . 16. 26. DISK SPACE = 12. Intl. 28. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 60 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 19. 42. 31. 41. 5 5 6 . 5. 7. 32. EXMEM = 568. 4 4 11 . 6 7. 18. 38.Part I . 3 15 0 15 . 13. 10 10 11 . 7 15 20 0 . 25. 12.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6. 33. 12 12 5 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4. 24. 21. 3 3 9 . 39. 36.

03161 0.83191 0.998 99.998 99.000 100.874E-11 1.606 137.020E-15 1.039E-16 1.01175 0.07932 0.204 1.086E-11 1.219 137.00 0.215 0.260 195.450E-16 4.027 195.00 0.351 138.000 100.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.00 0.00729 0.998 0.804E-16 1.364E-09 2. To use these frequencies.606 18.559 11.000 0.01168 0.00 0.00100.00 0.998 99.09031 0.665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.499 24.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.01186 0.00 0. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.670 0.136868E-13 1.130556 213 .879E-16 1.68908 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.881 30.096 85.336E-13 3.709E-15 2.915E-12 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 X Y Z 100.000000E+00 0.105E-15 5.000 100.451 7.01176 0.982E-16 6.000 100.00 0.08569 ACCURACY 4.00513 0.000000 Z= -1.228744E-01 0.073 11.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= INCH -2. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.00 0. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 PERIOD(SEC) 12.00 46.184E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.900 26.292 85. These are for information only and will not be used.Example Problem 22 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.13229 0.04016 0.000 46.03240 0.242E-14 1.00 0.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99.03720 0.866 31.633 84.00 0.998 99.208E-16 1.222E-15 2.213E-15 1.486E-14 6.82 0.530E-15 5.00 0.00728 0.221 137.000 100.998 99.05406 0.00723 0.83057 0.202 1.00512 ACCURACY 1.574E-13 3.189E-15 1.194444 Y= 0.000 0.821 0.011 85.000 0.00729 0.

00 -0.00000 -0.00000 0.90 -13.00000 0.10 0.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 22 43.02103 -0.95 -5.00 0.00000 0.00008 -1.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.95 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.02103 -0.00000 0.00008 0.00 1428.00004 -0.00000 0.37 4 11 4 11 180.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.95 0.95 -0.02103 0.00 0.00 -180.00000 0.06 -0.00 -1428.00000 0.00118 0.01 0.00000 0.00008 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 .02103 -0.00 -0.15 180.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 -0.15 180.00000 -0.00 -1428.00000 0.37 5 6 5 6 5.00 0.95 5.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 180.00000 -0.00 0.06 5.02103 0.00000 0.00000 0.06536 0.00000 -0.00008 0.06 -5.00 0.01045 -0.02103 -0.00 0.15 -0.00 13.00118 0.37 3 9 3 9 180.95 -0.00 0.00037 0.10 0.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00000 0.00000 0.10 0.06 -0.00 -1428.00000 -0.00118 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.95 -0.00000 0.37 0.95 -5.00000 0.10 2621.00 0.00008 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 5.01045 -0.00 -180.15 -5.00 0.00000 0.95 -0.06537 0.00 0.00 0.00118 0.00 -5.02103 0.00 0.00 0.00037 -0.09524 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.56841 0.15 180.15 5.00000 0.00000 0.15 0.02103 -0.06 -5.10 0.00 13.95 5.00 -0.00000 0.01 90.00000 0.06 180.00000 0.10 0.95 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00118 0.15 0.06536 0.00 0.00000 0.00 1428.00000 -0.06 5.00000 0.56841 0.00000 0.00000 0.02103 0.00000 0.00 5.01045 0.00000 0.00000 0.95 -5.00 0.95 -0.00 0.00 0.06536 -0.00 0.01045 -0.00 0.00 -180.95 0.09524 0.00037 -0.06 -0.00 0.95 0.00 0.00037 -0.01045 0.95 0.00008 0.00 0.95 0.00 13.00000 0.00 0.00 -0.02103 0.10 0.00000 0.95 0.00000 0.00000 0.15 0.00 0.15 -5.00118 0.00 0.00008 -1.06587 0.00 0.56841 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.01045 0.00 -1428.95 5.02103 -0.10 0.95 -5.Part I .00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 1428.84 0.00 0.00 0.00 1428.37 2 7 2 7 180.00 0.06 -5.15 5.00 13.00118 0.00008 -0.00000 0.00118 0.95 -5.06 -0.15 -0.00 0.06 -5.15 5.00 0.00118 0.00118 0.09524 -0.00000 0.06536 0.00000 0.95 0.00000 0.00008 -0.00 1428.00 -0.00000 0.00000 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00004 0.95 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -5.00000 0.00 0.00118 0.15 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.09524 -0.00008 -1.00 0.00008 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 -0.00 0.00000 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.95 5.00000 0.00000 0.00118 0.56841 -0.00000 0.00 0.01 0.95 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00008 -1.00000 0.06 5.06587 -0.00000 0.00000 0.06537 -0.01045 -0.00 0.00000 0.01045 0.00000 0.00 -180.02103 0.

95 -0.01 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 5.00 0.15 -0.00 0.01 0.10 2621.95 -0.84 -2621.15 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 -0.00 0.01 -0.00 -0.00 0.41 1428.01 0.00 -0.00 0.00 9 10 9 10 5.00 0.95 0.01 0.02 -0.00 -0.00 1428.02 0.Pro.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.02 0.00 0.00 13.00 0.00 90.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 1.15 -0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.co.00 -0.01 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.95 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.reiusa.00 0.90 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.95 -5.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 -0.95 -5.00 -0.10 0.37 7 8 7 8 5.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.01 -0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.90 -1428.00 0.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.95 -5.00 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 44.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 0.95 0.01 0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.90 -1428.84 -2621.02 0.00 0.co.00 0.01 0.00 10 11 10 11 5.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.01 0.01 90.10 0.41 0.net * ************************************************************ 215 .10 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.95 -5.00 0.00 0.00 90.co.00 90.10 2621.95 -5.41 1428.00 0.15 0.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.10 0.00 -13.84 -2621.84 0.00 -1.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.00 1.90 -1428.37 0.95 -5.01 0.00 90.00 0.90 0.00 0.02 -0.00 0.41 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 11 12 11 12 5.00 0.00 8 9 8 9 5.00 0.00 0.10 2621.00 0.00 0.90 13.84 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -1428.15 0.01 90.00 0.00 0.95 -0.95 -5.15 0.02 0.01 90.00 0.00 0.84 -2621.00 12 5 12 5 5.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.

Application Examples 216 Example Problem 22 NOTES .Part I .

217 . The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed.Example Problem 23 Example Problem No. 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to utilize the built-in generation facility to generate spring supports for a slab on grade. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers.

The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.0 0. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate .0 REPEAT ALL 3 8. 3 times.0 2 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 3 0.0 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.0 0.5 6 0.5 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.0 20.0 6.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 For joints 1 through 7. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 0. the joint number followed by the X.0 0.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 28.0 0.167 4 0. Y and Z axes.5 0.0 40.5 feet.0 REPEAT 3 8. UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.Part I .0 0.0 0.0 36.0 12.333 5 0.0 0.0 0.5 7 0.0 0.0 0.

UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 10. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 10 kip/cu.ft.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command.55 219 .5 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support springs which were generated using the earlier commands. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.5 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 5. ALL POISSON 0.0 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.

55 kip/sq.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.3 125 FY -546.5 47 54 82 FY -264.Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 The above data describe a static load case.0 and then algebraically add the results.0 120 121 FY -217.0 104 FY -974.7 27 FY -1085. It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1. is specified above. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. A pressure load of 1.6 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction. 5 FY -308. PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command.3 92 93 FY -205.0 99 100 FY -410.0 113 114 FY -109.Part I .0 103 FY -487.4 22 23 FY -410. 8 9 FY -109. A load combination case.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.7 6 FY -617. identified with load case number 101. 26 FY -542.ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements. . 2 1.0 124 FY -273. 29 30 FY -205.

Example Problem 23 LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56. is obtained with the help of the above commands. 221 . for load case 101. and element stresses for elements 34 and 67. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.

12 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 10.8 0 587. 3.0 0.333 5 0. 23.0 0.0 0. 28.0 8 1 9 1 0. 18.9 0 294. 6.0 0.0 10 1 11 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 251.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0. 5.0 28.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KIP FEET DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX FORCE-Y/ KFY FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 1 0 0. 11. Intl.5 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.1 0 170. 12. ALL POISSON 0.5 0 332.0 1 1 0.0 40.0 1 0.0 20.0 13 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0. 21.2 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.9 0 531.0 .0 1 0.0 2 1 0. 2.9 0 665. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 3 0.0 0 1 0. 16.0 0.0 0 502.0 0.Application Examples 222 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED. 20.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.Part I .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.6 0 138.0 0.0 0. 10.5 UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000. 17.0 0 0.5 7 0.0 0 0.9 0 332.0 0 1 0. 13. 15.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 2 0. 22.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 85.0 0 0.0 5 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 36. 26.5 6 0.0 0. 9.0 12.0 REPEAT 5 6. 27.0 1 0.0 0.0 6. 25.0 0 0.0 0.5 0.8 0 665. 8.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5.0 1 0 0.0 12 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 265. 14.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0. 19.0 0. 24.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 6 1 7 1 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 REPEAT 3 8. 7.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0.167 4 0.0 3 1 4 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0. 4.

0 0 0.1 0 646.0 0 260.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 260.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 41 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 414.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.3 0 484.2 0 165.6 0 268.0 0 160.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 488.0 0.0 0.8 0 665.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 276.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0 170.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0 626.7 0 626.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.7 0 626.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.5 0 227.0 0 0.0 1 0.7 0 553.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 46 1 47 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.3 0 570.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.3 0 500.0 0.0 42 1 43 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 20 1 21 1 0.0 39 1 40 1 0.0 23 1 24 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 140.0 1 0 0.3 0 548.8 0 587.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.2 0 437.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.9 0 665.0 30 1 31 1 0.0 0 0.0 34 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.2 0 548.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 1 0.0 37 1 38 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 35 1 36 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 32 1 33 1 0.0 0.3 0 646.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 48 1 0.0 0 473.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.3 0 626.0 0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 223 .0 22 1 0.2 0 276.9 0 531.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 27 1 28 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 502.0 0 0.3 0 500.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.1 0 160.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 553.0 0 473.0 0.6 0 515.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 18 1 19 1 0.0 0.0 17 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 49 1 0.0 29 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.

0 0 0.0 0 355.0 0 0.0 0.Application Examples 224 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 50 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 470.2 0 548.0 0 355.0 54 1 55 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 66 1 67 1 0.0 0.5 0 227.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 120.0 0 470.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 415.0 0.3 0 548.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 195.0 65 1 0.0 70 1 0.0 1 0.0 56 1 57 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 140.0 53 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 85 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 470.0 0 375.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 355.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 470.3 0 484.0 0.0 0 414.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 120.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 415.0 59 1 60 1 0.0 0 470.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 78 1 79 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 58 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 71 1 72 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 195.Part I .0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 375.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 120.0 0 195.0 0 1 0.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 415.0 0.0 51 1 52 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 84 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 73 1 74 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 75 1 76 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 470.0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 415.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 .0 1 0 0.0 82 1 83 1 0.0 1 0 0.5 0 160.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 77 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 375.0 0.0 0 375.0 0 120.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.2 0 437.0 0 0.0 0 195.0 68 1 69 1 0.0 80 1 81 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 470.0 0.0 63 1 64 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 355.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 61 1 62 1 0.

0 0.0 0 0.3 0 500.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.8 0 587.0 0.0 0 251.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.8 0 665.0 0.0 104 1 105 1 0.0 0.0 111 1 112 1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0 276.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 86 1 0.0 0 0.9 0 531.0 121 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 160.0 1 0 0.0 101 1 0.0 0 488.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 92 1 93 1 0.0 0.0 116 1 117 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 225 .0 0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.7 0 626.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 473.0 1 0.0 0 502.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.3 0 646.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 260.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 94 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.3 0 626.0 109 1 110 1 0.0 1 0 0.1 0 170.0 0.0 89 1 0.3 0 626.0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.6 0 268.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 665.0 1 0.7 0 553.2 0 85.3 0 500.0 0 165.0 118 1 119 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.9 0 665.0 90 1 91 1 0.7 0 553.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 113 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 99 1 100 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.7 0 626.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.1 0 646.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 502.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.6 0 515.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.8 0 665.0 1 0 0.0 0 260.0 0.0 87 1 88 1 0.0 1 0.3 0 570.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 95 1 96 1 0.0 0.2 0 170.0 1 0 0.0 120 1 0.2 0 276.0 0.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 473.0 1 0.0 106 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.8 0 587.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 531.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.

0 0 0. 46.7 6 FY -617.00000 0. 49.0 0 0.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.0 0.0 0. 55.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. 31.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528. 29 30 FY -205. 5 FY -308.3 MB 56.0 113 114 FY -109. 41.1 0.0 0 0. 35. 33. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 53. 51.0 1 0 0.4 22 23 FY -410. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 1 0.0 104 FY -974.0 125 1 0.0 0 0.0 103 FY -487.7 27 FY -1085.9 0 294.0 123 1 124 1 0. 48. 39. 42.0 1 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 58. 30.9 0 332.Application Examples 226 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 122 1 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0. DISK SPACE = 13.73107 -5. 34.0 124 FY -273. 43. 44.0 0.6 LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 38.62691 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.07125 Y-ROTAN 0.5 47 54 82 FY -264. 45. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 126 1 0. 8 9 FY -109.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.6 0 138. 40.00000 0. 54. 37. 32.Part I .0 0 265.0 99 100 FY -410. 52.3 92 93 FY -205.0 1 0.3 125 FY -546. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 33 56 LOAD 101 101 X-TRANS 0.06208 0.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0 332. 36. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Z-ROTAN 0.0 0 0.03221 0.0 0 0.0/ 40261. 47.0 120 121 FY -217. 2 1. 26 FY -542.03192 .0 0.00000 Y-TRANS -4.0 0.55 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. 50.0 1 1 0.0 0.00000 X-ROTAN -0.00000 0. LOAD LIST 101 57.

782190E+02 PLATE NO.9 9.48 ANGLE= -39.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * ************************************************************ 227 .22 SMAX= 268.72 1247.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 616.72 0.75 0.95 616.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.Pro.reiusa.57 101 TOP : BOTT: 71.28 0.96 SMAX= 386.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41.92 1136.247029E+03 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 59.co.38 SMAX= 230.67 0.51 21.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.com * * Europe support@reel.81 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -8.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.48 308.235143E+02 67 101 1.38 TMAX= 7.00 623.81 TMAX= SMIN= -978.95 0.Example Problem 23 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -6.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.9 ANGLE= -39.00 1247.09 1136.00 308.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. 101 101 6.63 0.57 TMAX= SMIN= -386.782190E+02 -9.03 SMAX= 978.00 10.96 SMIN= -230.22 539.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.83 539.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.136717E+03 67 101 1.63 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.69 15.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.5 41.03 SMIN= -268.co.51 623. 67 67 CASE NO. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.22 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 4.5 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 9.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.

Application Examples 228 Example Problem 23 NOTES .Part I .

24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure.Example Problem 24 Example Problem No. 229 .

JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.Part I .0 2.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 9 2.0 0. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.0 49 2.0 24 0.0 4 0. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes.0 0.0 2.0 The joint number followed by the X.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 0.0 1.0 3. Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.0 3.0 0.0 2. Y and Z axes.0 45 1.0 3.0 29 2.0 2.0 0.0 3. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 0.0 2. Then.0 1.0 0.0 3.0 8 1.0 48 1.0 0.0 3.0 12 2.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 52 2.0 21 0.0 0.0 28 1.0 32 2.0 1. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.0 41 0. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities.0 44 0.0 25 1. For example. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above. increments of 1 to the .0 5 1.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 3.0 0.

in a tabular form. 8. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above. 9. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. 11 and 12 are generated.1E7 ALL POIS 0. Similarly.Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3. and Density are specified. both in the negative global Y direction. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. CONSTANTS E 2.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain. the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5.0 231 . Poisson's Ratio. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3). SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model. incidences of elements 4. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).25 ALL DENSITY 7.0 The above data describe a static load case. 6. It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load.

0 .0 In Load case 4.0 2 1. 9 and 12. UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5.Part I .0 3 1. LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9.ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3.2 of the STAAD. The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero.Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction.0 4 1.3. 6. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq.32.Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.

0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000.0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations. the program merely calculates the end results (displacements.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report. consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously. reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case. forces.0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX .0 Load case 10 is a combination load case. But in solving load combination cases. In a REPEAT LOAD case. 233 . not load combination cases. In other words. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1. factoring them. there is a fundamental difference. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5.Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. changes in support conditions etc. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case. should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases. and then algebraically summing them up. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS.0 2 1.

Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command. . The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements. UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command.Part I . The results will be printed for all the load cases. UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.

3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. 5.0 3. SUPPORTS 28. 4.5000E+00 7. 16. JOINT LOAD 34. 9.5000E+00 7. 17. 2.0 0. Intl.0 5 1.0000000E+00 27.0 3. 8.0000000E+00 3 2.Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0. 10. 9 FX .0 0. LOAD 1 32. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0.0 3.0 2.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 2 3 4 22 23 NODE-5 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES. LOAD 2 37.0000000E+00 5 2. 12.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 235 .0 24 0.0 3.25 ALL DENSITY 7. SELF Y -1.0 9 2.1000002E+07 0.0 3.0 0.0 4 0.0 1.0000000E+00 2 2.0 21 0.0 32 2. UNIT KNS MMS 51.0 1.0 0.0 2. 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.1000002E+07 0.0 48 1. 25. LOAD 4 46. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 52 2.0 0.0 0.0 0. 9 ENFORCED 31.0 1.0 29 2. -------------------ALL UNITS ARE . 23.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 CONSTANTS E 2. REPEAT LOAD DENSITY 7.0 0. 21. 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 29.5000E+00 7.0 33.0 2.0 0. 14.0 36. 18.0 44 0.0 0. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 42.0 25 1.0 2.0000E+00 0.1E7 ALL POIS 0.0 41 0.0 49.0000000E+00 4 2. 6.0 12 2.5000E+00 ALPHA 0.0 0.0 3.0000E+00 0.5000E+00 7. 11.0 3.0 49 2.0 0. 7. 3.0 0. LOAD 5 52. 22. JOINT LOADS 38. UNIT POUND FEET 45.0011 44.0 2. LOAD 3 41.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 8 1. 28 FY -1000.0 1. 15.0 3. 20.0 28 1.1000002E+07 0.0 2.0 45 1.1000002E+07 0.0 1.1000002E+07 0.0 1.0 40.0000E+00 0.KNS MET ELEMENT YOUNGS'S MODULUS MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 1 2.0 3. ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 47.

NO.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1.00000E+00 RZ= 0.4 MB. 23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.0 4 1.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0.2 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN.93 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.Application Examples 236 Example Problem 24 53. 55.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.97 MZ= 2 ) -1799999.Part I .00 0.99 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0 2 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. Note .00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999.99 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 58.1/ 3142.NO.0 3 1.00 MY= 899999. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. 1 1.Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999.12983E-03 RX= 0. 56. DISK SPACE = 12.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.49033E-04 10 1 2 ) 1799999. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900.83934E-03 4 Z = 9.0 2 1.92 2) 2 .NO.98 MY= 0.01204E-02 Z = 1.96 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0. EXMEM = 568. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.00000E+00 1 ) 1089999.00 = 0. Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 0.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.01 MY= -899999.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1.00000E+00 RY= 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STAT CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 17/ 17/ 48 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5.12983E-03 Y = -1.00 = -1090.

85 MZ= 4 4 ) MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.97 MZ= 5 ) -2985760.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.Example Problem 24 RX= RY= RZ= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.00000E+00 0 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.30 5 237 .52 MY= 0.00000E+00 0 0.61372E-02 24 RX= 0.00 0.17652E-05 Y = -3.00000E+00 RZ= 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.76 0.00 95.04 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00000E+00 RY= 0.43 MY= -899999.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -95760.35288E-04 Z = -3. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 = -1185.00 0.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.52 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 4) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.17652E-05 RX= 0.76 = 0.00000E+00 3 5 ) 2985760.00 0.00 MY= 0.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.20 MZ= -0.00000E+00 0 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.52 MY= 0.76 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760.03 MY= -0.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.52 4 ) 95760.00 0.50 MY= 899999.00 -95.

1100 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.1100 0.00 0.0000 0.12 16.0000 0.0049 -0.00 0.00 -31.24 -202.63 -181.32 -62.0000 0.03 135.00 0.00 0.0081 -0.0000 -0.13 146.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 21.00 0.17 2.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 629.00 0.00 -187.00 0.00 0.76 566.00 0.0200 0.52 -94.0000 0.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 21 25 29 41 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.05 -228.00 0.24 -1.24 -89.00 0.68 135.0000 0.32 31.37 -232.85 1.00 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 62.00 0.18 -119.00 384.80 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 -2057.70 0.0003 -0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 63.25 431.00 0.0000 0.99 6.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.36 11.94 -56.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.30 -16.87 -158.97 -595.0000 0.Application Examples 238 Example Problem 24 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 -315.66 -158.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 -62.00 0.05 -42.00 0.79 -2.78 -56.63 26.00 0.0000 0.00 0.05 -72.00 0.32 -1641.0001 -0.0000 0.59 74.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.85 -170.00 0.0009 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -138.Part I .00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.18 -202.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.30 135.25 11.0000 0.05 42.0009 0.19 0.58 251.25 -450.0000 0.00 0.00 0.52 9.00 0.00 0.84 -292.0000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 0.51 524.0000 0.67 -31.34 807.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.00 0.00 0.24 261.0000 0.0062 -0.00 -1097.52 0.0000 0.18 -159.0000 0.0000 0.79 -138.00 0.00 .52 -184.0000 0.00 0.20 11.85 -159.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.0393 0.0200 0.00 0.48 11.0008 0.0000 0.05 -72.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0010 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.63 -425.52 -256.85 -0.00 0.00 0.67 -273.12 1.00 -187.0000 0.00 0.00 0.27 390.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 -232.27 -2.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.98 185.26 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 -1919.00 0.00 0.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.0000 0.00 0.00 0.52 0.00 0.00 -1703.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 384.00 -1097.42 743.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.19 74.0000 0.67 -30.0000 0.00 0.52 -143.00 0.97 902.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 51.26 -128.0000 0.92 -334.13 -31.98 -263.70 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0193 0.27 1.0089 0.46 -26.00 0.98 -459.20 6.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000E+00 0 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 60.00 16.

060 0.088 -0.054 -0.00 0.00 0.685 -0.00 0.221 0.036 0.076 -0.97 83.098 -0.301 -0.617 0.994 0.506 0.24 -855.005 0.016 0.165 0.00 0.003 -0.008 -0.026 -0.35 -77.00 0.24 1.298 0.253 0.00 0.217 0.586 239 .054 0.00 0.372 0.123 0.076 0.00 MOM Z 0.016 0.038 -0.028 -0.84 61.661 0.52 1250.00 0.006 0.011 -0.088 -0.89 300.311 -0.003 -0.051 S3= -0.106 0.707 0.215 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.258 0.00 0.976 0.004 0.606 0.707 1.041 0.011 0.355 0.071 0.046 -0.00 0.00 0.328 0.214 -0.009 -0.05 -81.03 119.082 SE= -0.133 -0.42 -75.008 -0.219 0.40 146.12 31.014 0.014 -0.24 207.006 -0.036 0.036 0.029 -0.760 -0.009 0.014 -0.056 -0.00 0.61 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z 31.011 -0.009 -0.05 45.040 0.005 -0.744 0.003 0.269 -0.00 0.002 -0.00 0.011 0.435 0.090 -0.518 0.602 0.005 0.95 -1.35 3916.225 -0.015 0.143 0.08 MOM-X 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.034 -0.022 -0.00 0.188 -0.62 300.255 0.327 0.00 0.707 0.00 0.705 -0.269 SE= -0.00 0.004 -0.255 0.00 0.04 0.52 3818.37 226.014 0.223 0.251 0.003 -0.00 0.132 0.589 -0.00 0.365 0.321 0.516 0.75 -97.280 -0.103 0.525 0.00 0.00 MOM-Y 0.244 0.029 -0.123 -0.003 0.77 -61.041 S3= 0.027 0.Example Problem 24 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT LOAD 45 49 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 FORCE-X METE FORCE-Y 0.36 -62.02 -97.63 514.051 0.61 74.005 0.047 0.37 -1.012 0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 3 21 3 25 3 26 3 22 3 41 3 45 3 46 3 42 0.046 S2= -0.00 0.00 0.90 16.008 0.176 0.000 0.152 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.002 -0.280 -0.000 0.095 -0.128 SE= 0.511 0.162 -0.68 74.00 0.082 0.101 S3= 0.05 -23.98 11.014 0.00 0.183 0.011 -0.003 -0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 -0.951 0.00 0.499 0.031 1.154 -0.015 0.32 -43.00 0.00 0.223 0.098 -0.228 -0.08 -16.255 0.00 -105.538 0.928 0.52 -176.00 0.574 -0.00 0.00 0.000 0.280 -0.189 0. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.021 0.313 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.05 -81.403 0.284 0.005 -0. UNIT NEWTON MMS 66.095 -0.204 -0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.102 0.83 -1.00 0.597 0.37 226.809 -0.324 -0.05 -45.280 -0.32 -16.00 -62.03 1313.001 0.053 1.00 0.152 S2= 0.011 -0.009 -0.40 -16.13 6.40 135.016 -0.002 0.00 0.129 -0.00 0.099 S2= 0.332 0.565 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 65.25 11.016 0.703 0.055 0.089 0.707 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.00 0.016 0.00 0.021 -0.63 -547.25 11.38 6.85 0.005 0.008 -0.00 0.237 0.76 2.00 0.076 -0.040 -0.129 0.00 0.010 -0.060 -0.52 181.001 -0.008 0.107 0.

000 0.115 -0.452 -0.161 0.023 0.050 -0.242 0.724 -0.049 -0.011 0.008 -0.022 0.163 0.013 -0.000 0.160 -0.001 -0.054 -0.109 0.243 SE= -0.512 1.001 -0.001 -0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.106 -0.618 0.043 -0.670 -0.001 -0.484 0.334 -0.008 0.158 -0.317 -0.020 0.001 0.008 0.147 -0.515 0.019 0.005 -0.210 -0.033 0.259 0.225 -0.051 0.552 0.092 1.001 -0.081 0.051 -0.051 0.060 0.108 0.000 0.186 -0.273 0.707 0.324 1.034 -0.008 -0.283 -0.341 SE= -0.024 -0.296 0.247 0.078 -0.065 0.008 -0.001 -0.045 -0.065 0.052 0.428 -0.067 0.093 0.005 0.867 0.023 -0.001 S3= 0.087 0.819 0.152 -0.630 0.076 0.052 -0.060 -0.013 -0.005 -0.552 -0.160 0.001 -0.064 -0.053 S2= 0.014 -0.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.125 0.088 0.822 0.428 -1.140 -0.036 -0.000 0.012 -0.092 0.099 1.001 0.704 0.126 0.016 -0.003 0.000 0.741 -0.126 -0.998 -0.366 -0.235 -0.098 -0.030 0.024 -0.025 -0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.257 0.070 0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.716 0.083 -0.073 0.160 -0.751 0.011 SE= 0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.004 S3= -0.001 -0.005 -0.273 -0.041 -0.046 0.024 -0.376 0.001 -0.030 0.016 -0.001 -0.001 S2= -0.012 0.001 0.285 0.060 0.402 -0.228 0.001 -0.036 0.232 -0.181 -0.254 -0.249 0.011 0.238 0.036 0.707 0.046 -0.024 0.497 -0.027 0.675 0.020 0.001 -0.078 -0.300 0.064 -0.228 0.003 -0.474 0.649 0.000 0.487 0.490 0.021 0.119 0.024 -0.428 0.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.093 S3= 0.705 1.234 -0.170 -0.026 -0.003 0.032 -0.181 -0.165 -0.213 SE= -0.008 0.354 0.343 0.066 0.051 -0.602 0.138 0.551 0.108 0.035 -0.496 -0.054 S3= 0.045 0.008 0.031 0.125 -0.057 0.026 -0.000 0.253 -0.201 S2= 0.035 1.908 0.001 -0.000 0.082 0.227 -0.082 -0.112 -0.000 -0.878 0.002 -0.286 -0.153 0.314 -0.003 -0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.153 0.085 -0.046 S3= -0.001 -0.183 0.008 -0.082 -0.098 -0.112 -0.001 0.795 0.001 -0.670 0.007 0.062 0.102 0.001 -0.329 -0.043 -0.024 -0.114 0.345 0.386 0.096 -0.263 0.147 0.007 -0.001 -0.000 0.001 -0.708 -1.330 0.360 -0.472 0.428 -0.009 0.177 0.030 -0.146 -0.005 0.497 0.105 0.051 S2= -0.027 -0.019 -0.024 SE= -0.000 0.498 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.341 0.220 0.112 -0.202 -0.218 0.011 0.402 0.806 -0.005 -0.008 0.707 0.210 0.001 0.472 0.146 -0.022 -0.001 -0.971 .928 -0.001 -0.022 -0.191 0.619 0.001 -0.Application Examples 240 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.000 -0.707 0.082 0.329 0.001 0.004 -0.024 -0.040 0.001 0.004 S2= -0.136 0.083 0.240 0.Part I .136 -0.032 0.001 -0.317 -0.

057 -0.350 -0.457 -0.053 -0.024 0.044 -0.047 S2= -0.000 0.024 0.000 0.064 0.000 -0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.411 0.065 0.024 0.000 0.278 -0.000 0.000 -0.000 0.030 0.043 -0.084 0.006 -0.304 -0.484 0.003 -0.819 -0.429 -0.039 -0.323 -0.789 0.000 0.024 0.120 -0.000 0.034 0.469 -0.000 0.000 0.049 -0.024 0.000 S3= 0.274 -0.004 -0.012 -0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.057 0.024 0.000 0.024 0.000 0.000 -0.037 0.204 -0.039 -0.076 0.018 -0.526 -0.000 -0.032 -0.316 0.230 -0.422 0.674 0.363 -0.177 -0.174 -0.822 -0.033 0.514 -0.076 0.017 0.766 -0.046 -0.323 0.024 0.047 0.000 0.000 0.034 -0.023 -0.000 S2= 0.015 -0.056 0.025 -0.007 0.029 -0.064 0.000 0.056 0.240 -0.018 -0.550 0.242 -0.707 0.014 -0.020 -0.000 -0.111 -0.041 0.312 -0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.024 0.000 0.103 -0.000 0.314 0.001 S3= 0.102 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.298 SE= 0.134 0.049 -0.002 0.083 -0.000 0.160 -0.609 -0.102 0.401 -0.129 -0.234 0.040 -0.128 -0.000 -0.489 0.351 SE= 0.334 -0.000 -0.735 0.285 -0.000 0.046 0.388 0.813 -1.056 -0.055 0.010 -0.317 -0.061 0.053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= 4 23 4 27 4 28 4 24 4 43 4 47 4 48 4 44 -0.233 -0.119 -0.259 0.255 -0.000 0.003 -0.019 -0.585 -0.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.000 0.000 -0.210 S3= -0.000 0.000 0.397 -0.323 -0.555 0.069 0.901 0.000 0.335 0.707 0.000 0.108 0.707 -0.077 0.000 0.000 0.042 -0.000 0.233 -0.149 0.397 -0.000 0.048 0.024 SE= 0.128 -0.217 241 .206 S3= -0.879 -0.733 -1.006 -0.463 -1.605 -0.000 -0.024 0.165 -0.005 S2= -0.320 0.005 0.000 0.010 -0.031 0.014 -0.094 0.052 S2= -0.088 -0.016 0.182 0.822 0.472 0.101 -0.245 -0.081 -0.550 -0.507 0.279 -0.458 0.018 0.019 -0.236 -0.070 -0.000 0.021 -0.253 0.291 -0.802 0.064 -0.262 -0.028 -0.000 0.047 -0.014 0.399 -0.203 -0.013 -0.190 0.540 -1.091 -0.042 SE= -0.013 -0.479 0.000 -0.028 -0.053 0.000 0.056 0.038 0.072 -0.420 -0.000 -0.021 -0.294 -0.014 -0.196 0.055 -0.041 -0.100 -0.874 -0.051 -0.000 -0.009 -0.036 0.000 0.

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Example Problem 24 NOTES 243 .

Application Examples 244 Example Problem 24 NOTES .Part I .

245 . the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case.Example Problem 25 Example Problem No. Since the structural condition is load dependent. 25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members.

Part I . 3 0 20 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. Consequently. The second line is an optional comment line. the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. 5 15 10 . This structure is a PLANE frame. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are specified above. 2 0 10 . STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR COMPRESSION MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. Also. To accommodate these requirements. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. . it is necessary to have 2 commands.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only. 4 15 20 . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 6 15 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. This is because.

MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 Properties for members 1 to 10 are defined as the STandard W12X26 section from the American AISC steel table. if during the analysis. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. 10 2 5 Member numbers. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. 7 2 6 . UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified. 9 3 5 . This model contains 10 members. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 247 . DENSITY is not specified since selfweight does not happen to be one of the load cases being solved for. are defined above.Example Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 . 8 2 4 . and the joints between which they are connected. Hence for each load case. The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of E.

any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. these members cannot be accessed for further processing. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are once again declared compression-only for the load case to follow.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 25 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis. Without the re-activation.Part I . joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 In load case 2. The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1. Next. .

only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. In other words. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis.Example Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing. support reactions and member forces to the output file. 249 . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -15 5 FX –10 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously.0 2 1. are recognized as the "active" load cases.

Application Examples 250 Example Problem 25 FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. .Part I .

17. CHANGE 40. 13. 5. LOAD LIST ALL 251 . 35. Intl. 18.0/ 3142.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 4. 5 FX -15 31. 8 2 4 .0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 39. EXMEM = 568. 37. 9 3 5 . MEMBER COMPRESSION 26. 8. 38. 22. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . DISK SPACE = 12. 2 0 10 . 7. 15. 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 5 15 10 . 9. 36. 19. JOINT LOAD 29.0 2 1.Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 3 0 20 . 23. 2. 10.3 MB. 4 15 20 . 6 TO 9 27. 2 iterations. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 21. 16. 20. Case= CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 6. LOAD 2 28.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 1 2 iterations. 4 FX -10 30. 11. 3. 14. 34. 33. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 7 2 6 . 12. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32. Case= 2 1 iterations.1 MB **START ITERATION NO. CHANGE 25.

00 0.33 23.74 5 6 5 6 5 6 6.03 0.00215 -0.90 0.00 0.00 0.13 -0.03 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -6.00 0.00004 -0.22 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00364 0.03 0.00041 0.00 0.00 0.00001 -0.00 0.00 0.05088 -0.00000 0.00 0.22 0.00022 0.00 0.00000 0.00 12.24 -0.32 -11.13 -2.13 -0.00041 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.15 -0.00022 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.18 -23.00000 0.00000 0.07766 0.15 0.00373 0.00050 -0.00 0.00080 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -15.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.70 -12.00000 0.90 0.00000 0.13 24.00001 -0.00000 0.00025 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.24 0.33 23.32 -15.58 0.00024 0.15 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01618 -0.00015 0.90 -6.00 0.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.47 1.47 1.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.90 -23.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 25 41.00 0.47 0.00004 MOM Z 0.00 0.11 -0.00000 0.00 0.33 0.13 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.30 11.30 -2.00000 0.00001 -0.00373 0.00000 0.90 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.79 2.00381 0.01262 -0.00 0.07766 -0.15 0.00000 0.00 23.00 0.00080 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.88 0.30 15.00 0.58 -2.58 6.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.00000 0.00364 0.24 2 3 2 3 2 3 -6.00000 0.15 -2.00 0.00015 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.11 -0.00381 0.00000 0.00000 0.03 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -23.00000 0.79 -0.01618 0.00 15.00 0.00024 -0.00000 0.00 0.22 0.70 -11.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.04314 -0.24 -0.00 25.70 -2.00000 0.00 3.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 11.00 0.00050 0.00001 -0.00 0.00 0.33 -23.Part I .00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.11 -0.00 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 1 2 3 . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 0.79 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.11 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.33 0.03 0.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.24 0.03 -0.18 -24.50 0.00 0.15 0.00 -15.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00215 -0.74 -0.03 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.05088 0.11 6.90 -1.00000 0.73 0.28 -6.00 0.00000 0.07775 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00255 0.00000 0.13 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.50 2.33 23.33 6.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.87 2.00 0.00000 0.11 0.00 0.11 0.22 -0.00000 0.00 -0.00 0.00000 0.33 -1.07775 -0.30 2.28 -0.00 0.00 0.24 0.50 2.73 15.00 0.58 6.00000 0.00 -25.00025 0.04314 -0.00 0.00000 0.88 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.87 0.00255 0.00 0.79 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00 0.00 0.01262 0.47 0.00 0.11 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.50 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.66 -2.00 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 0.50 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 253 .00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 29.00 0.63 0.co.00 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -11.00 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.51 -4.32 0.22 28.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.63 2.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.66 -2.60 4.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.32 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.63 -29.55 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.60 -28.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 -28.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -0.00 0.55 8.reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.51 -4.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.55 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 9.00 0.63 -29.00 0.98 -8.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 4.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.22 28.00 0.00 0.32 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.co.00 0.00 29.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.60 -11.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 254 Example Problem 25 NOTES .

Example Problem 26 Example Problem No. 255 . 26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. Using the master-slave command. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions.

The unwanted joints. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 55 10 14 57 . 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 .Part I . 73 42 46 75 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 82 58 62 84 . 4 5 6 6 .Application Examples 256 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 22 29 30 24 . . 37 49 50 39 . JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 7 9 10 9 . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 64 26 30 66 . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 109 50 34 111 . 46 61 62 48 . 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the data to follow. The second line is an optional title to identify this project. 91 26 10 93 . created during the generation process used above. Y and Z axes. 100 38 22 102 . are then deleted. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.

Built-in default values for steel and 257 . MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American table.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. and Density are specified.75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. Poisson's Ratio. ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0.

The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed.0 17.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20. SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.Part I .0 .0 The above data describe a static load case.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47. LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30. The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.Application Examples 258 Example Problem 26 concrete for these quantities are assigned.0 49.0 33. It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.

Example Problem 26 The above data describe a second static load case. plate element pressure loading on a floor is applied in the negative global Y direction. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure. LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1. then print member forces for two members.0 In the above static load case. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. then print support reactions at selected joints. 259 .

71. 34. 73 42 46 75 . 61. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 52. 22.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. 37. 37 49 50 39 .0 49. 31. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 45. 109 50 34 111 . 19. 43. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 .0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. 42. 4 5 6 6 .0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30. 25.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. 65. 55 10 14 57 . 13. 11. 9. 38. 39. 26. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 2. 68. 63.75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. 69. 62. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 29. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 21. 49. 7 9 10 9 . 51. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 5. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 47. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. 18.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.Part I . 70.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30. 28. 27.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.Application Examples 260 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 23. 64 26 30 66 . 55. 82 58 62 84 .0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10. 6. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 33. 46 61 62 48 .0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 . 48. 8. 58. 56. 7. 72. 12. 100 38 22 102 . 46. 14. 67. 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 32. 36. Intl.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. 30. 17. 22 29 30 24 . 54. 15.0 17.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 40. 60. 59. 16.0 33. 44. 91 26 10 93 . STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 3. 66. 20.0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.

00056 -0.00 198.39 0.73 -4.01536 -0.00041 -0.00028 -0.00363 -0.00000 0.00014 0.34 0.00162 0.13263 6.00495 -0.33161 -0.00 0.06556 -1. 80.19716 0.58 2 3 115 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 261 .00041 -0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 20/ 17/ 113 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.00363 -0.00363 -0.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.00 -0.00002 0.87442 -0.07468 -0.01 -0.00 0.07454 0.06978 -0.00046 -0.00159 0.34 -0.00 0.00103 0.13263 6. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 18 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.49676 0.00059 -0. 78.07792 0. 74.45739 8.00102 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00056 -0.00120 0. 76.01 0.87442 -0.86781 -0.09261 0.13263 6.00001 0.04919 0.09261 0.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.49676 0.04703 0.00625 0.00 0.96702 -0.00503 -0.32921 8.88 -137.01 0.00 0.00363 -0.64214 -0.00024 0.00 0.09027 8.33161 -0.00 0.00 0.00014 0.45046 -0.38 208.00791 -0.59584 0.00 322.04609 1.00 0.02065 -0.00 0.1 MB 82.00363 -0.32 125.27 1696.82 1835.51350 -0.19363 -0.00 7.59584 0.00041 -0.00059 0.00 4.5/ 3142.00108 0.00028 0.00 0.06312 -0.02679 -0.00 0.00 0.00041 -0.00017 -0.45739 8.25499 -0.32 0.00166 0.01 0.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 83.09268 -0.00056 -0.00363 -0.96702 -0.04712 0.96702 -0.32921 8.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.02679 -0.00 0.10 129.00 0.00036 -0.00 0.00008 -0.00 0.00452 -0.00031 0.10 -5.00041 -0.00030 0.96702 -0.45739 8.94 58 42 58 42 58 42 0.07454 0.09268 -21. 77.00 0.64214 -0.00057 -0.00207 -0.00 0.23216 0.32 -8.00 0.00140 -0.07823 -0.45046 0.08468 -0. 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.00 0.00056 -0.41 336.00 0.70 -7.00025 -0.87442 -0.39 -125.02716 0.00649 0.02166 1.83 1407.34 0.21215 -0.23216 0.00056 -0.00 0.25499 -0.09027 0.04704 -0.00363 -0.00054 0.04716 0.06978 -0.01 0.00 0.09027 8.07452 -0.45739 8.14 -137.00090 0.01 0.32 -0.00041 -0.00041 -0. DISK SPACE = 12.00041 -0.Example Problem 26 73.73 5.00 0.02115 -1. EXMEM = 568.00 0.02678 -0.00056 -0.70 8.87442 -0.2 MB.09027 8. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.86713 0.00 0.23 -85.00088 -0.00 -0.08128 -0.13263 6.00 0.34 -129.50252 -0.00245 0.00 0.00056 -0.84 -85.21215 -21.00167 -0.88242 0.32921 8.00031 -0.00363 -0.00 0.13 1173.00056 -0.32921 8.00058 -0.00 0.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.00 0.00792 0.

51 51.65 31.55 92.co.87 -58.76 -58.36 68.47 -483.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.63 487.14 1731.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.13 -500.54 -14.98 -28.net * ************************************************************ .03 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.reiusa.52 -91.com * * Europe support@reel.Application Examples 262 Example Problem 26 84.82 -54.74 -11.37 53.60 -69.co.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 50.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.01 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.17 1732.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Part I .10 7.co.91 -470.31 70.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.96 0.Pro.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.26 -469.56 -500.25 -54.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.53 -54.90 -257.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.69 231.03 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.01 0.68 -55.

Example Problem 26 NOTES 263 .

Part I .Application Examples 264 Example Problem 26 NOTES .

The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. 265 .Example Problem 27 Example Problem No. The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. 27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed.

it is necessary to have 2 commands.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.5 0.0 40.5 feet.0 0.0 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 3 times.0 0.0 0. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 12. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. Y and Z axes. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.0 For joints 1 through 7. the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 0. Also.0 0.0 0. the joint number followed by the X.5 0.0 0.Application Examples 266 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 0.0 0.0 36. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line.Part I . To accommodate these requirements.333 5 0.0 28.5 6 0. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.0 3 0.0 0.0 20.0 0. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.0 0.0 6.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 2 0. Consequently. .167 4 0.0 0.0 0.5 7 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).

Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. CONSTANTS E 4000.0 ALL POISSON 0. SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and the data is used as the basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8.0 267 . The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command. UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12. The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later).0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.

LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.5 47 54 82 FY -264. 29 30 FY -205.50 The above data describe a static load case. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. A pressure load of 1.ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu. 5 FY -308. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade modulus of soil. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.7 27 FY -1085.ft.50 kip/sq.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate support springs which are effective in the global Y direction.7 6 FY -617. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint. 8 9 FY -109. 26 FY -542.4 22 23 FY -410.2 .4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands.Part I .

0 120 121 FY 108.3 FY -546.0 FY -273.0 FY -974.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153. 5 FY -150. 26 FY -271.4 22 23 FY -205.0 FY -487.0 104 FY 487.3 92 93 FY 102.7 27 FY -542.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528.7 6 FY -310.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.0 113 114 FY 54. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case.0 FY -410.0 FY -217.0 FY -109.0 99 100 FY 205.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.0 103 FY 243. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.5 47 54 82 FY -132. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command. 29 30 FY -102. 8 9 FY -50.0 269 .3 FY -205.

and support reactions at a list of joints. with the help of the above commands. are obtained for load case 3.3 FY 273.Part I . FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. .6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end.Application Examples 270 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136. LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements. element stresses for elements 34 and 67. The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis.

22. 37.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.0 0. 9. 32. 41. 39.0 0. 13.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230. 25. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740.0 3 0.333 5 0.0 0.01 MY= 0.5 0. Intl.0 6. 11.00 = -7740.0 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 30.0 REPEAT 3 8. 15. 12.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 0.0 0. 7.0 2 0. 36.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.0 REPEAT 3 8.7 MB **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.0 0.0 0.0 0. 18. 21.5 6 0. 3. 20.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 4.0 12.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.167 4 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 43.0 0. 29. 17.0 28. 10.0 0.0 40.5 7 0.0/ 40260.0 ALL POISSON 0.0 CONSTANTS E 4000. DISK SPACE = 13.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800. 8.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 20. 14.0 36.5 0. 40.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 24. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 33.0 0.0 0. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.03 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 2. 35. 6.00 = 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 28.00 1 ) 1 1 271 . 16. 26.

46.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.00000E+00 0 RX= 9.00000E+00 0 RX= 7. 63.0 99 100 FY -410.7 27 FY -1085. 58.09725E+01 120 Z = 0. 57.51342E-10 121 RY= 0.0 103 FY -487. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.89606E-02 99 RY= 0. 54. 26 FY -542. 51. 56. 50.69957E-02 6 2 ) 884991.Application Examples 272 Example Problem 27 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800.66 MY= 0. 8 9 FY -109.3 92 93 FY -205.50000E+00 1 Z = 0.00000E+00 0 Y = -1.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.Part I . 60. 29 30 FY -205. 48. 53.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.19726E-10 80 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 44.00000E+00 0 RZ= -4.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253.0 104 FY -974.0 120 121 FY -217. 59. 49. 61.66 MY= 0.00 MZ= 2 ) -884991.3 125 FY -546. 66. 47.0 113 114 FY -109.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964.90 = 0.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 55.00 MZ= 499230. 5 FY -308.01 MY= 0.0 124 FY -273.4 22 23 FY -410. 68. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9. 62. 64.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253. 65.7 6 FY -617.5 47 54 82 FY -264. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 52.00 = -13964.02 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.47 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 2 2 .

00 MZ= 3 ) -478687. 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 5 FY -150. 99 100 FY 205.6 95.00000E+00 0 Y = 2.0 87. 6 FY -310. 48 55 76 83 FY -264. 4 **START ITERATION NO. JOINT LOADS 75. 92 93 FY 102. 26 FY -271. 81. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 3 3 273 . 3 **START ITERATION NO. 124 FY 136.0 88. 47 54 82 FY -132.5 84.4 83. 2 **START ITERATION NO. 104 FY 487.4 79.36 MY= 0. 1 2 FY -100. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 27 FY -542.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519.00000E+00 0 RZ= 1.3 86.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519. 80.Example Problem 27 69. 8 9 FY -50.3 93.0 91. 113 114 FY 54.2 85. 76.22268E-01 120 RY= 0.00000E+00 0 RX= -1. 77. 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533.10 = 0.0 92. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' 72.00 = -10533.09786E-01 125 3 ) 478687. 120 121 FY 108. 103 FY 243. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153. 125 FY 273. 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START ITERATION NO.0 89.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. LOAD LIST 3 98.83669E+01 120 Z = 0. CHANGE 71.36 MY= 0.78 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 97.0 90.7 82. ELEMENT LOAD 73.7 78. 22 23 FY -205.50 74. 29 30 FY -102.

08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 99.96 0.00 0. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.10056 0.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6.06945 0.96 43.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.17264 14.00000 0.25 SMIN= -30.Part I .00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.13 6.00 6.00 148.51 0.96 724.81 0.00 0.00 0.12227 -0.1 ANGLE= -27. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0.074621E+03 -1.00000 X-ROTAN -0.00 1449.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 202.62 SMAX= 30.00 0.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.29 SMAX= 1074.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 27 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.00 ANGLE= -27.44 1449.2 ANGLE= -34.00000 0.00 0.11615 Y-ROTAN 0. 3 3 7.58 0.09437 -0.49737 0.38 1303.00000 0.00 0. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -4.64 3 TOP : BOTT: 37.00000 0.62 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.25 SMAX= 171.06506 0.2 5. 67 67 CASE NO.53915 28.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.00000 0.45 188.29 TMAX= ANGLE= -34.00000 0.00 0.00 0.83 1303.91 SMIN= -1074.00 0.074621E+03 PLATE NO.00 0.10 149.09579 -0.60 0.50 188.08 153.00 101.00000 0.303438E+03 67 3 1.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .06 168.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.00 0.13 101.00000 0.00 0.449913E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 100.249564E+02 67 3 1.91 SMAX= 375.00 0.00 0.00 724.44 0.00 0.99 0.36691 22.21 -57.81 202.74 2.

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * Europe support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.Example Problem 27 101.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.reiusa.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * ************************************************************ 275 .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.

Application Examples 276 Example Problem 27 NOTES .Part I .

28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. The structure consists of piers.Example Problem 28 Example Problem No. 277 .

5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6.5 0 0. 6 15. We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands. 5 11. . The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters. Next. To achieve this. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error. using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 63 new joints are generated. 2 4 0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. in 3 successive operations. 3 6. Following this. 4 9 0 0. Y and Z axes.5 0 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 11 -1 10 0 25 16. UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above.5 0 0. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file. we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure. the joint number followed by the X. the above command is required. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25). Y and Z coordinates are specified first. joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation.Part I .

Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 279 . 29 29 40 . Similarly.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. For example. 70 70 80 . is the explicit definition method. we create members 202 to 215. 30 30 42 . Then. 2 2 15 . 404 to 417. MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 3 3 17 . 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 50 50 61 . 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. and. 5 5 21 . 303 to 316. Details of this command is available in Section 5. The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. 51 51 63 . The above method. 71 71 82 . 69 69 78 . 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 4 4 19 . The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD.11 of the Technical Reference manual. 72 72 84 . where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers. 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. 49 49 59 . 48 48 57 . member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. 28 28 38 . No generation is involved here. the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated. 27 27 36 . by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment). 52 52 65 68 68 76 .

and 12 along the edges BC and DA.Part I . C and D (which in turn are nodes 11. It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. etc. Thus. 46 and 32). Similarly. and another 168 for the 3rd span. we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. 25. plates and beams are properly connected. we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. These are the elements which make up the first span. B 16. For this. The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element. Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements. Details of the above can be found in Section 5. from the superelement bound by the corners A. Alternatively. D 3 10 14 . we use a technique called mesh generation. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 . A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32. In other words. C 20. Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element.Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements.5 10 0 . B. 168 elements are created for the 2nd span. At every node along their common boundary. GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements.14 of the Technical Reference manual.5 10 14 . with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD. For example.

Example Problem 28

and vice versa. The tools of the graphical user interface may be
used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this
model.
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups.
Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be
used to refer to a cluster of entities, such as members. For our
structure, the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called
GIRDERS, the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS, and so
on. For the deck, a few selected elements are chosen into a few
selective groups. The reason is that these elements happen to be
right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the
frequency calculation.
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections
for the girders, and prismatic circular sections for the columns.
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375

281

Part I - Application Examples

282

Example Problem 28

The plate elements of the deck slab, which happen to be at a Y
elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11
metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms.
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq.mm for all
members. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.
Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also
assigned to ALL members and elements.
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
Following a change of units, density of concrete is specified.
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports).
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
Theoretically, a structure has as many modes of vibration as the
number of degrees of freedom in the model. However, the
limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes
may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted. In a
large structure, the extraction process can also be very time
consuming. Further, not all modes are of equal importance. (One
measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of
that mode.) In many cases, the first few modes may be sufficient to
obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response.
Due to these reasons, in the absence of any explicit instruction,
STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. This is like saying that
the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified.

Example Problem 28

(Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD.Pro 2000 calculated only 3
modes by default).
If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall
vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained, one may
ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with
the help of this command. The number that follows this command
is the number of modes being requested. In our example, we are
asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65.
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD
YRA 9 11 PR GX 200
YRA 9 11 PR GY 200
YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200
* VEHICLES ON SPANS - ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED
ELEMENT LOAD
_P1 PR GY 700
_P2 PR GY 700
_P3 PR GY 700
_P4 PR GY 700
_P5 PR GY 700
_P6 PR GY 700
_P1 PR GZ 700
_P2 PR GZ 700
_P3 PR GZ 700
_P4 PR GZ 700
_P5 PR GZ 700
_P6 PR GZ 700
The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen
extraction method. Some information on this is available in
Section 1.18.3 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference Manual.

283

Part I - Application Examples

284

Example Problem 28

The method involves 2 matrices - the stiffness matrix, and the
mass matrix.
The stiffness matrix, usually called the [K] matrix, is assembled
using data such as member and element lengths, member and
element properties, modulus of elasticty, Poisson's ratio, member
and element releases, member offsets, support information, etc.
For assembling the mass matrix, called the [M] matrix, STAAD
uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL
CAL REQ command is specified. So, some of the important
aspects to bear in mind are :
1.

The input you specify is weights, not masses. Internally,
STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input
by "g", the acceleration due to gravity.

2.

If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame, there are 2
possible directions of vibration - global X, and global Y. If
the structure is declared as a SPACE frame, there are 3
possible directions - global X, global Y and global Z.
However, this does not guarantee that STAAD will
automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the
available directions.
You have control over and are responsible for specifying the
directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. In other
words, if a weight is not specified along a certain direction,
the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example,
global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a
contribution in the mass matrix. The mass matrix is
assembled using only the masses from the weights and
directions specified by the user.
In our example, notice that we are specifying the selfweight
along global X, Y and Z directions. Similarly, a 200 kg/sq.m
pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the
deck.

Example Problem 28

But for the truck loads, we choose to apply it on just a few
elements in the global Y and Z directions only. The reasoning
is something like - for the X direction, the mass is not
capable of vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll
along X. Remember, this is just a demonstration example, not
necessarily what you may wish to do.
The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to
restrict a certain weight to certain directions only, all he/she
has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights
cannot vibrate in.
3.

As much as possible, provide absolute values for the weights.
STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at
nodes. So, if some weights are specified as positive numbers
and others as negative, the total weight at a given node is the
algebraic summation of all the weights in the global
directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this
algebraic resultant.
MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED

This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and
modes should be calculated. It is specified inside a load case. In
other words, this command accompanies the loads that are to be
used in generating the mass matrix.
Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic
analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is
carried out. But in such analyses, the MODAL CALCULATION
REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. When STAAD
encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11)
and time history (see examples 16 and 22), it automatically will
carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL ..
command.

285

Part I - Application Examples

286

Example Problem 28

PERFORM ANALYSIS
This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the
frequencies. Frequencies, periods and participation factors are
automatically reported in the output file when the operation is
completed.
FINISH
This terminates the STAAD run.

Example Problem 28
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STAAD.Pro
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Version
Bld
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Proprietary Program of
*
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE
IGNORE LIST
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 4 0 0; 3 6.5 0 0; 4 9 0 0; 5 11.5 0 0; 6 15.5 0 0
11 -1 10 0 25 16.5 10 0
REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14
MEMBER INCI
1 1 13 ; 2 2 15 ; 3 3 17 ; 4 4 19 ; 5 5 21 ; 6 6 23
26 26 34 ; 27 27 36 ; 28 28 38 ; 29 29 40 ; 30 30 42 ; 31 31 44
47 47 55 ; 48 48 57 ; 49 49 59 ; 50 50 61 ; 51 51 63 ; 52 52 65
68 68 76 ; 69 69 78 ; 70 70 80 ; 71 71 82 ; 72 72 84 ; 73 73 86
101 11 12 114
202 32 33 215
303 53 54 316
404 74 75 417
DEFINE MESH
A JOINT 11
B JOINT 25
C JOINT 46
D JOINT 32
E JOINT 67
F JOINT 53
G JOINT 88
H JOINT 74
GENERATE ELEMENT
MESH ABCD 14 12
MESH DCEF 14 12
MESH FEGH 14 12
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD

287

747 19. ELEM. ELEM.646E-16 0. ELEM.13582 0.5 MB 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED. 86.Part I . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 500 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.4/ 40260.725 19.NO.314E-16 3.199E-16 0.000E+00 3.146E-16 4.466E-16 0.155E-16 3. 87.125 17.05721 0.754 4.253E-16 2. 88.21355 0.436E-16 1.05635 0.06774 0.19889 0.26636 0. 84.09671 0.577 11.921 0.462E-16 5.025E-16 8.158E-16 2.09316 0.762 15. 85.636 2. 89.06612 0. 80. YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS . 97.61111 0. 93.549E-16 5. 92.677 14.033E-16 7.08869 0.654 14.08275 0. 99.000E+00 9.719E-16 1.08961 0.363 10. 81.07311 0.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ 584/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 496/ 24/ 150 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.38433 0.921 12.734 11.22130 0.076E-16 6. 83.05070 0.373 4.882 3.488 13.829 11.028 7.683 5. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.05778 0.076 4.189 7. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1.733E-16 6.999E-16 5.229E-16 2.24532 0.05020 ACCURACY 0.06824 0.308 17. 100.014E-16 3.553E-16 0.34695 0.08638 0.909E-16 6.08388 0.343E-16 2.278E-16 3.08007 0. DISK SPACE = 23.13815 0.085 12.22870 0.08454 0.602 2.000E+00 .238 7.275 11.160 11. 96. 94.465E-16 5.000E+00 2. 95. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.NO.478 17. 90.519 4.000E+00 0.NO.000E+00 1.13911 0.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 28 79.341 10.

776 28.972 29.986E-06 9.03926 0.998E-16 3.02738 0.927 36.02783 0.863 34.02532 ACCURACY 0.007E-16 3.494 PERIOD(SEC) 0.154E-05 1.690 32.088E-06 6.471E-12 1.02253 0.992 31.03043 0.04319 0.277E-10 3.Example Problem 28 MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 20.134 0.313E-13 6.891 44.518 23.03384 0.876E-16 4.04587 0.03174 0.529 38.272E-09 9.655 25.03355 0.469 26.03785 0.452E-16 1.052E-15 8.02375 0.02331 0. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.618 20.04169 0.009 32.399E-07 2.02932 0.518 40.878E-09 1.082E-08 4. To use these frequencies.366E-11 3.04667 0.676E-16 6.04797 0.03730 0.03227 0.02221 0.411 35.878E-16 5.03156 0.04729 0.501 31.986E-14 1.395 45.02576 0.04056 0.580E-16 1.02844 0.701E-09 2.02408 0.03662 0.536 20.403E-06 6.02342 0.442E-05 4.02468 0.801 22.03600 0.985 24.03124 0.426 21.101 34.03846 0.02444 0.04850 0.000E+00 6.153 23.02824 0.04252 0.03452 0.923 35.03070 0.574 32.043E-14 2.034E-15 2.290E-14 2.02363 0.02592 0.808 27.845 21.04869 0.133E-12 1.110 42.02863 0.146 21.336E-16 0.422 26.02216 ACCURACY 4.804 30.305 27.279E-15 5.723E-05 6.025 45.550 29.276E-13 3. These are for information only and will not be used.947E-12 7.013 40.985E-06 2.318 42.803E-11 1.013E-06 3.523 42.186E-10 6.902E-07 6.012E-09 2.070 23. MODE 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 40.701 42.132E-05 7.559E-07 1.182E-16 2.162 35. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.826 39.204E-16 7.924 41.02499 0.04531 0.369E-05 289 .002 26.585 38.000E+00 4.540E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.

006 74.857 99.00 0.00 0.859 99.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 1.00 0.06 0.986 .00 0.854 99.Part I .00 0.736 99.740 99.30 0.926 67.768 99.754 99.00 0.932 67.855 99.53 0.062 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.736 65.823 73.736 99.969 55.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.985 99.611 73.856 99.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.869 0.00 0.364 56.972 99.00 0.00 0.969 55.01 0.05 0.00 0.973 99.116 72.861 99.057 73.00 0.536 3.01 0.740 55.562 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.865 99.857 99.364 56.923 99.135 99.14 0.02 0.00 0.979 56.00 0.00 0.741 99.732 61.26 0.856 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.204 99.00 0.11 0.00 0.135 99.940 99.01 0.368 56.973 99.27 0.00 0.151 99.467 74.923 99.03 0.151 99.00 0.00 0.15 0.974 99.00 4.858 99.00 0.00 0.971 99.02 0.04 0.905 72.112 99.976 99.981 99.17 0.00 0.00 0.973 99.151 99.00 0.858 99.974 99.05 0.767 99.00 0.Application Examples 290 Example Problem 28 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 X Y Z 0.00 0.229 3.02 0.940 99.00 0.00 0.871 55.859 99.00 0.00 0.676 58.972 99.033 73.00 0.856 99.969 68.37 0.974 99.214 65.00 0.972 99.972 99.00 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.062 99.832 99.858 99.974 99.13 0.00 0.967 67.00 0.00 0.947 99.764 74.754 99.860 99.202 99.02 0.00 0.53 0.911 99.898 99.18 0.974 99.909 99.38 0.00 0.971 99.00 0.364 56.326 99.000 0.857 99.02 0.00 0.623 73.01 0.012 99.00 0.973 99.00 0.205 61.858 99.00 0.856 99.56 0.753 99.061 99.326 99.829 99.857 99.736 67.00 3.04 0.00 0.00 0.856 99.973 99.04 99.00 0.860 99.00 0.01 0.868 99.973 99.000 55.319 65.00 0.383 56.01 0.59 0.00 0.740 99.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.968 73.23 0.00 0.854 99.354 56.01 0.00 0.00 0.53 0.00 0.308 65.00 0.00 0.384 56.04 0.00 0.965 99.407 74.927 55.05 0.00 0.06 0.358 56.00 0.768 99.736 73.970 74.611 73.965 99.00 0.349 56.00 0.970 99.972 99.07 0.00 26.973 99.354 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.856 99.939 99.973 99.00 0.42 0.00 0.972 99.00 0.937 99.226 73.758 73.00 25.00 0.326 99.971 99.00 3.04 0.730 73.00 0.01 0.591 57.856 99.01 0.00 0.972 99.00 99.15 0.737 65.00 0.740 99.00 0.765 99.868 99.326 99.204 99.00 0.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.00 0.980 73.00 0.00 0.00 0.965 99.15 0.00 0.00 0.859 99.79 0.610 73.852 99.01 0.00 2.00 0.868 99.00 0.831 73.00 0.00 0.042 99.622 73.144 74.985 99.00 0.740 99.151 99.02 0.48 0.00 0.00 0.971 99.00 0.965 99.226 73.858 99.00 0.355 56.00 0.766 99.00 0.736 99.00 0.00 0.858 99.19 0.767 99.00 0.948 99.985 99.753 99.973 99.14 0.974 99.09 0.984 99.00 0.587 55.01 0.973 99.856 99.000 0.42 0.00 3.575 30.858 99.889 99.496 3.859 99.136 99.973 99.975 99.766 99.14 0.937 99.735 99.

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.co.Pro.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.net * ************************************************************ 291 .co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.reiusa.Example Problem 28 102.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.

Part I .238 0.000E+00 12 7.882 0.000E+00 3 2.466E-16 6 4.641E-16 8 4.13911 8.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete.24532 3.636 0.025E-16 7 4.13582 0. look at the output file.38433 0.519 0. we obtain a report. (i) Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes.21355 5.STAAD output).344E-16 2 2.076 0.26636 0.028 0.13815 0.373 0.363 0. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.19889 0.34695 8.602 0.61111 1.666E-16 4 3.189 0.916E-16 11 7.683 0. (This file can be viewed from File .000E+00 5 4.253E-16 9 5.000E+00 .000E+00 10 7.754 0.View .22130 5.22870 6.Output File .

The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes.326 10 0.05 99.00 99.204 30.00 99. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode.871 99.00 99.326 11 0.00 99.27 0.229 99.740 99.042 2 99. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure.00 3.151 3.04 0.04 0.14 0.536 99.151 3.575 99.062 4 0. The SUMM-X.735 55.204 55.00 0.151 0.02 99.061 3 0.00 99.326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command.000 99.736 55.00 25.736 55. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26.587 99.326 12 0.736 55.04 percent participation. the first mode has a 99.496 99.01 0. The out-of-plane flexible nature of 293 . One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X.00 0. But for the Y direction.05 0.42 0.062 5 0.59 0.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.000 99.06 0. even with 10 modes.151 0.00 99. we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode.15 0.000 99.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0. we barely obtained 60%.00 0.00 0.927 99.112 6 0.969 99.00 26.012 0.04 0.135 8 0.13 0.00 99.23 0.00 99.19 99. the first 2 modes are sufficient.00 0.135 7 0.53 0.136 9 0.Example Problem 28 (ii) Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.02 99.00 0.202 3.

The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. select Post-processing from the mode menu. . The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box. The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically. also result in small participation factors. The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode.Part I . This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 28 the slab enables it to vibrate in a manner resembling a series of wave like curves. Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. (iii) Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed. Localized modes. where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model.

Example Problem 28 NOTES 295 .

Part I .Application Examples 296 Example Problem 28 NOTES .

80m 3.00m 2. 29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example.00m 297 . In this model.50m 3. For the seismic case.80m 1. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case.Example Problem 29 Example Problem No. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. forces and reactions are obtained. 1. The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases. the maximum values of displacements.70m 1.80m 1.90m 3.

11 of the Technical Reference manual. The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts. 28 15 22.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4. Following this. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 3 0 5. 15 18 19. 27 11 20. 18 4. the joint number is followed by the X. 19 21 22. 26 7 19. 19 7. 14 17 18. 21 & 22) is carried out. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 18 20 21. 16 19 8 17 12 20.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 29 18 21 . Y and Z coordinates as specified above. 2 0 3.5 0 . The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. another round of explicit definition (joints 17.Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.8 7 0 . Y and Z axes. 20 22 16 21 2 10. 25 3 17. 22 4 12. REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.6 7 0 . 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9.Part I . STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. Details of these commands are available in Section 5. 18 & 19) and generation (20. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above.3 0 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17.

which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L150X150X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are. For our structure. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. and so on. the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure. The alternative. we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle. such as members. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. 299 . MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names. Just from the looks of the command.

may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis. UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands.Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq. which is 6. The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis.05 .0 DAMPING 0.Part I .mm for all members. The default. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data. and hence the need to override the default. SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported. This command is explained in Section 5.30 of the Technical Reference manual.

and we shall be doing so at a later step. the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided.TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA. the EQDATA. for example. 301 .003640 0. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration.TXT".0600 0.0400 0.806 m/sec^2 (or 0. A sample portion of that file is as shown below.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers. That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides.02 seconds.4 of the Technical Reference manual. ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA.31. Here.0800 0. The first stage is defined above. As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. the acceleration is 0.1000 0. the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us. the keyword FORCE must be used instead.006300 0. 0. Thus.0000 0. Consequently.2 ft/sec^2). (If one wishes to specify a forcing function. In this file. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g".00364 multiplied by 32.007580 0. the acceleration due to gravity. It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs. only one data set is defined.000990 0. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.0200 0.004280 0. at 0.00364 multiplied by 9.TXT.Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis.

similar to the squares of a chess board. Thus.1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case. In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel. the input required from the user is very simple . how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy.0m elevation.load intensity in the form of pressure.05. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper). and the region of the structure in terms of X. Since the slab is not part of the structural model. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads. Y and Z coordinates in space. it is a non-structural entity which. STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels.9 7. .Part I . But. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint. our structure has a floor slab. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method.0 The above data describe a static load case. We have chosen 0. of the area over which the pressure acts. LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6.Application Examples 302 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure.0. The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction. At the Y=7. It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure.

which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. b. 303 .9 7. Here we say that the seismic force.806 indicates the value which the accleration data. as read from EQDATA. as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions. Thus.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case. The data here are a. The number 9. GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9. is to be applied along the X direction.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. the selfweight.806 The above command too is part of load case 3.9 7. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data.9 7. acting at arrival time 1.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”.TXT are to be factored by before they are used.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1. loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6.

one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case. he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities.0. Load combination case no. Load combination case no. there will be 1000 values of FX. As mentioned earlier. computing nodal displacements. We have chosen the factors to be 1.0 3 -1. and a negative combination.0 2 1. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3).Part I . That is what is being done above. not the ones generated for every time step. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations. these will be just the maximum values. 1000 for FY etc.0 3 1.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.0 2 1. a positive combination. That means. support reactions. Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design. If we wish to do a design. If the user wishes to see the results for each time step. support reactions and member end forces in the output file. for the dynamic case. . for that load case. However.Application Examples 304 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step. the maximum from among those time steps is available. If there are a 1000 time steps.0 In a time history analysis. The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations. 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3). etc.

FINISH 305 .Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12.code check .

61. 30. 5. 14.Application Examples 306 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 23.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 29. 55.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 64.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6. 12. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .6 7 0 . 74. 25 3 17. 25. Intl. 26 7 19. 23 6 14 24 8 16.3 0 . 35. 24. 7. 27. 17. 22.9 7. 20 22 16 21 2 10.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 18. 37. 80.05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1.9 7. 54. 65. 36. 51. 19 7.1 FLOAD -500 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 40. 19. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. 75. 45. 4.0 DAMPING 0.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) . 18 20 21.8 7 0 . 3 0 5. 56. 16. 67. 21. 33.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. 60. 70. 73. 27 11 20. 15 18 19. 32. 78. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 18 4. 11. 31. 76. 28 15 22. 19 21 22.Part I . 42. 26. 48.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 41. 14 17 18. 9.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9. 52. 13. 22 4 12. 63. 43.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 71. 69.9 7. 46. 57.5 0 . 2 0 3. 68. 8. 39.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. 3. 6.9 7. 53. 29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. 15.

618E-12 1.506E-10 3.295 89.02194 0.218E-15 9.406E-15 6.01133 0.00662 0.492E-16 0.18033 0.507E-16 7.996E-16 0.405E-15 3.01118 0.566 2.462E-15 2.576 49.062E-15 6.198 4.032 4.00632 0.01918 0.0 2 1.497E-16 8.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 14/ 4/ 27 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.23820 0.06585 0.020 151. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.01913 0.48072 0.867E-15 3.06561 0.678E-08 4.0 3 1.374E-15 2.553 45.032 49.368 1.761 15. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.015E-13 4.227 165.146 89.01067 0.0 3 -1.272 55. 83.898E-16 7.01786 0.420E-13 307 .474E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.Example Problem 29 81.1/ 40259.06107 0.132E-16 2.830E-15 3. To use these frequencies.216 1.185 15.44194 0.01136 0.01067 0.0 2 1.000E+00 4.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 4 120 30 54 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.319E-12 1.019 88.540 5.553E-16 1.731 93.467E-16 1.01119 0.161E-09 1.01122 0.07836 0.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.023 1.00603 ACCURACY 1. These are for information only and will not be used. MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 88.026 158. DISK SPACE = 12.02195 0.000E+00 2.740 0.63847 0.618E-16 1.383 45.01785 0.250E-15 2.011 65.939E-15 3.711 12.066E-16 4.692 65.02039 0.23420 0.060 52.694 1.125 52.270 5.753 12.614E-15 7.080 3.757 151.303E-07 2.094E-16 5.01522 0.00662 0.32978 0.375 16.06104 0.856 88.419 93.02038 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.002E-14 4.07841 0.545 5. 84.01518 0.361E-10 1.73101 0.18051 0.17510 0.332E-14 2.00632 0. 86.242E-08 1.220 158.82255 0.613E-16 1. 1 1.01815 0.152E-07 1.01136 ACCURACY 5.996 56.967E-11 8.107 55.650E-10 9.364 89.242 16.

977 99.455 99.05 0.745E-12 4.00 0.023 98.977 99.122 69.068 52.469E-12 1.71 0.00 0.036 185.816 52.319 85.977 99.122 59.00 0.996 99.01 0.00 0.804 351.000 100.038 72.00 85.991 99.445833 Z= 2.82 0.977 99.00 0.828 99.728 99.023 98.00 0.745833 .00 0.000 100.991 99.000 0.991 99.991 99.728 99.00 0.00 0.06 0.00285 0.00603 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.023 98.00 0.068 52.00 0.728 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 0.815 98.758 99.759 350.00 0.977 99.00 0.816 51.324 85.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.815 98.068 59.00 0.762E-10 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 X Y Z 0.023 99.00 0.023 98. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.000 0.816 51.436E-13 1.989 100.742 183.00 0.603 350.991 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.026 183.52 0.00 0.00 0.319 85.00 0.023 98.977 99.00 0.977 99.00 0.360E-11 1.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9.794E-07 7.00 0.00 51.00 0.00546 0.833 0.00 0.591 69.00285 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 308 Example Problem 29 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 PERIOD(SEC) 165.00 0.39 0.977 99.00546 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.000 51.00 0.00 0.038 72.25 0.950E-10 8.00 0.310748E+01 2.977 99.00 0.591 69.00 0.00538 0.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.000 0.00 0.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.000 0.652 69.00 0.760 99.748 185.023 98.32 98.39 0.00 0.02 0.00284 ACCURACY 1.00 0.652 72.00 0.061 99.Part I .991 99.652 69.023 98.353 98.000 98.977 99.00 0.996 0.000 0.023 98.00 0.991 99.00 0.00 13.826 98.023 98.000 0.038 81.728 99.991 99.452993E+03 5.61 0.00 0.977 99.826 98.00538 0.809722 87.038 72.068 52.991 99.653 81.01 0.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.46 0.652 69.47 0.00 9.304010E-06 2.00 0.760 99.00 0.977 99.00 0.758 99.815 98.646E-09 1.00 10.23 1.061 99.00 0.03 7.061 99.652 69.653 85.00 0.00 0.

0015 -0.0000 0.5461 -8.0059 0.0000 0.0011 -0.0005 -0.0000 0.0011 -0.0399 9.0173 -0.0107 -0.0189 0.0021 -0.0004 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0046 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0124 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0114 0.0000 0.7142 5.0000 0.0100 -0.0061 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0137 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0061 -0.0002 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0015 -0.0002 0.0001 0.0115 0.3323 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0113 0.0050 0.6284 -0.4150 5.0202 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0016 -0.0070 -0.0001 0.0070 -0.0023 -0.0000 0.0050 0.0000 0.0000 -0.1577 -0.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0027 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0014 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0020 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0005 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.7306 6.0000 0.0000 0.0113 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0139 309 .0001 0.0000 0.0141 -0.0002 -0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0115 0.7306 6.0004 -0.0088 -0.0124 -0.0000 0.0068 -0.0189 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0123 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0189 0.0030 -0.2932 -9.0000 0.0015 -0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0139 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.2707 -6.7142 5.0021 -0.3585 7.0011 -0.0075 -0.0141 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0104 0.0000 0.0453 9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0012 -0.0001 0.3726 5.0023 -0.0107 -0.0123 0.0004 0.0001 0.0012 -0.3415 9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.3002 -9.1288 -5.0000 -0.0000 -0.3120 -0.0015 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0453 9.0004 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0015 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0245 -0.0025 -0.0000 0.0046 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0173 -0.0256 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0002 0.0021 -0.0000 -0.5461 -8.0083 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0137 0.2943 7.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0088 -0.0000 0.0145 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0001 -0.0141 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0189 0.0002 0.0002 0.0000 0.0173 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.4150 5.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0123 0.0000 0.0158 0.0021 -0.0000 0.2932 -9.0000 0.0100 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0145 -0.0002 0.0000 0.0107 -0.0000 0.0075 0.0075 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0030 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.3428 9.0000 0.0004 0.0083 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0075 0.0000 0.0000 0.3854 0.0001 0.0046 -0.1288 -5.9428 8.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0077 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.0069 -0.0284 -0.0000 0.0173 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0118 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0046 -0.0004 0.0144 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0082 -0.0005 0.0000 0.0000 0.Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0000 0.0005 0.0001 0.0001 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0156 0.0124 0.0107 -0.0002 -0.0013 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.0068 -0.0086 0.3897 0.9290 7.0144 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0256 0.0160 -0.0000 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0124 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.3415 9.0160 -0.0050 -0.0105 0.0000 0.0015 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 -0.0160 -0.0005 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.0014 -0.0245 -0.0000 0.3726 5.0000 0.0158 0.3585 7.3120 -0.0000 0.3323 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0156 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.2707 -6.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0141 -0.0001 0.0020 -0.0050 -0.0016 -0.0000 0.0100 -0.3897 0.0002 0.0284 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0016 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0005 X-ROTAN 0.0004 0.0000 0.9290 7.2573 -7.0015 -0.0075 0.0005 -0.0000 -0.0068 0.0004 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 0.1577 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0104 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.

00 0.0025 -0.0000 0.21 873.0039 0.9556 -0.0008 0.00 0.00 0.0086 0.0038 0.0426 9.00 0.00 0.0027 -0.0015 -0.3688 -1.21 -873.0118 -0.0105 -0.0002 0.00 0.74 -0.0160 -0.00 0.0000 -0.0039 -0.0000 -0.39 -1412.4118 1.0009 0.0000 0.96 -19.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.66 3562.0000 0.3246 9.00 18.0057 -0.0025 -0.0000 0.0069 -0.03 1260.0006 0.0291 -0.3996 -1.0000 0.0001 0.35 1447.0426 9.51 3562.00 0.50 3293.0632 -0.00 0.00 0.0082 -0.0059 0.0083 -0.0000 0.74 18.00 0.4625 1.11 -3314.74 18.28 0.3854 -0.0000 0.21 -873.15 3278.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 18.0000 -0.0002 0.00 -18.0000 0.00 .0083 -0.0452 9.0402 9.0000 0.0000 0.87 991.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.87 60.37 7850.0262 -0.0000 0.35 1447.0001 0.0123 0.0059 0.0000 0.00 0.02 -2345.0033 -0.0000 0.74 0.0000 0.0402 9.02 -2381.0030 -0.74 -18.00 0.00 0.0004 0.7947 1.2764 -9.0001 -0.0399 9.00 0.96 19.0028 -0.0002 -0.50 -3296.00 0.4118 1.0733 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.0008 0.3996 -1.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.74 -0.0262 -0.00 0.3246 9.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.0009 0.0291 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.9657 -0.3674 -0.0001 0.1022 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.00 0.0028 -0.62 -60.0733 -1.7947 1.0068 -0.0000 0.00 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.00 0.0000 0.3720 -0.0000 0.2817 -9.0001 0.0000 0.0013 -0.0030 -0.0001 0.0009 0.02 -2381.3728 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.0021 -0.21 873.70 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0004 0.0086 0.00 0.00 0.0046 -0.0100 -0.0021 -0.00 0.0009 -0.02 -2345.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.87 7848.00 0.87 7848.3720 -0.03 1260.0000 -0.50 3293.0003 0.0089 0.0046 -0.0001 0.0002 -0.00 0.0008 0.0216 -1.0086 0.3002 -9.2943 7.3428 9.0000 -0.1022 -0.0000 0.0000 0.2812 -9.64 1257.0038 0.2764 -9.3266 9.00 0.4625 1.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 60.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0008 0.74 0.00 0.0001 0.0001 0.0452 9.0002 0.0000 -0.70 0.65 991.65 991.00 0.3266 9.0004 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0003 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0001 0.00 0.00 -18.00 0.3246 9.9033 -0.66 3562.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.96 19.0000 -0.0025 -0.00 0.0000 -0.0033 -0.0000 0.2812 -9.0000 0.0001 0.0025 -0.00 0.00 0.0001 0.51 3562.74 -18.00 0.6284 -0.0027 -0.0089 0.00 0.Part I .9556 -0.00 0.0000 0.0008 0.37 7850.0000 0.3728 -0.70 0.0031 -0.0202 0.0075 -0.50 -3296.3246 9.0025 -0.28 991.0632 -0.0000 0.0031 -0.0016 -0.0027 -0.0000 0.0001 0.00 0.0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.0004 0.0077 -0.00 0.0039 0.3688 -1.0008 -0.0006 0.0000 0.00 0.11 -3314.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.62 -60.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0216 -1.0002 0.0002 0.70 0.0001 0.0039 0.0059 0.0000 0.Application Examples 310 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.00 0.0124 0.15 3278.00 0.2573 -7.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.2817 -9.9033 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.9657 -0.0124 0.00 0.64 1257.0009 0.3674 -0.96 -19.0114 0.39 -1412.0000 0.9428 8.

88 -2836.03 -8208.00 -0.00 -0.00 123.00 0.87 0.00 8208.00 0.50 0.35 0.75 -3293.02 2345.11 -2381.10 3562.34 0.58 0.00 65.15 -3278.01 0.38 0.24 -0.16 3212.00 3055.77 -2793.34 -0.50 -3296.00 0.29 1311.34 1.02 -873.74 -18.00 0.23 0.58 0.52 0.40 117.71 3049.57 6805.62 3278.21 -60.28 -923.87 -3293.03 118.36 -0.36 1.95 0.64 6061.00 8333.50 0.96 -19.19 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 629.00 0.00 0.37 -920.00 0.10 11886.18 0.06 0.90 -2.05 -3177.24 -0.00 -3055.15 -112.00 -3.16 304.65 -7514.41 -5848.96 7850.58 -323.11 7.86 12248.23 -8.00 0.93 1345.19 -24.60 0.66 121.03 -8333.87 -5.63 3296.32 -6869.74 18.61 6974.00 0.21 873.94 2708.20 -178.14 -3070.71 -60.00 117.39 -2345.39 1412.03 -118.40 -117.59 -323.00 0.52 -111.00 0.45 7488.06 -118.30 210.31 -7402.01 17157.07 6869.66 121.74 319.00 0.00 0.00 -88.00 0.06 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 5 1 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 311 .63 1260.00 123.01 0.90 -311.25 3562.04 -2889.23 0.30 -88.00 0.21 -60.06 -6933.35 -1447.35 -12006.74 18.04 -6517.66 -655.87 111.35 0.24 -8.62 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 991.24 -88.31 -122.00 0.KGS METE MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 991.51 -655.40 -0.88 112.55 0.00 -88.49 -725.53 0.85 -2539.59 0.24 -6061.75 7485.00 0.23 -0.87 111.01 -0.31 4573.40 -1345.74 18.50 -3562.75 12006.00 0.13 3055.00 0.00 210.26 8867.31 248.11 6517.00 0.58 -323.28 183.24 -60.00 0.00 0.06 -118.06 118.97 0.28 -2794.57 5.21 17382.88 2836.19 -17194.00 0.50 3293.70 19.00 65.00 68.74 0.50 -3562.39 -117.64 1257.32 -122.22 -124.21 873.87 7848.00 0.58 3562.92 -311.26 -8867.00 118.39 -117.00 -210.00 0.13 -3055.01 0.00 -11475.55 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 629.33 -0.50 9034.47 254.00 -18.00 0.36 0.88 0.02 2381.00 0.53 7302.24 0.00 0.70 0.40 -117.00 0.29 -2244.59 4627.00 0.53 3177.00 -5067.00 0.70 0.00 0.19 38.37 -11600.88 12436.19 -4569.74 -456.53 5.97 -12469.88 -5.03 -7511.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.01 5848.33 0.00 -12280.69 -79.02 873.21 -124.01 -0.00 68.60 -6811.62 0.37 7596.21 -873.04 -254.74 0.64 3296.59 0.00 -3.00 0.74 -319.00 0.87 -5.70 19.01 0.16 -302.01 -0.21 -17341.00 0.00 11600.21 60.32 7096.59 0.89 -1.74 -18.15 -1412.39 117.21 -873.00 65.74 0.77 2793.69 -79.73 3562.02 -873.22 -124.03 -0.50 3293.46 -722.00 0.24 -210.59 -323.35 -3314.96 -0.50 -3562.00 117.03 -118.05 -1311.11 3314.21 -124.15 0.07 -38.34 -0.68 -11.72 -7315.24 -0.24 0.60 5.88 -5.00 65.11 -6060.02 2244.68 -11.06 -6642.93 5.53 -111.74 0.23 0.16 123.16 123.97 179.96 -19.88 60.73 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 188.50 -11886.42 11475.63 895.37 -179.99 -7312.59 -456.18 -112.01 -0.00 0.22 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 202.53 5067.53 0.59 0.88 -183.50 -3296.74 18.50 -9034.00 -18.39 0.00 4942.48 60.87 1447.50 -3562.96 -0.90 -1.16 -2279.59 -4627.88 112.47 -38.00 0.02 873.21 60.00 118.00 0.98 898.21 0.36 0.23 0.40 -3212.55 -7490.37 0.61 6223.58 -4942.86 0.02 2279.

25 3562.21 124.06 118.24 -60.34 0.06 -6642.37 -920.00 0.00 0.59 -456.40 -3212.88 2836.39 -117.52 0.05 -3177.00 0.53 5067.60 -5.00 3055.00 210.62 -0.11 6517.60 0.00 0.37 -179.87 5.01 5848.19 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 629.36 -1.00 0.07 -38.99 -7312.00 3.88 -112.03 -8333.Application Examples 312 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 -68.40 117.69 79.24 8.28 -923.60 -6811.21 17382.00 -65.02 2345.89 1.30 88.00 0.16 304.00 -210.87 5.68 11.50 0.58 323.50 -3296.14 -3070.90 1.88 5.20 -178.88 -183.57 -5.00 0.07 6869.47 -38.65 -7514.26 -8867.24 -0.50 -3562.35 0.04 -6517.01 -0.00 0.29 1311.03 -8208.06 118.23 -0.40 -1345.73 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 188.58 0.30 210.38 0.50 -3562.59 323.53 3177.00 0.61 6974.21 -873.70 0.59 0.19 -17194.21 873.16 -302.00 0.00 4942.77 2793.97 179.31 -7402.00 0.39 1412.00 0.Part I .00 18.03 -118.70 -19.21 873.31 4573.03 118.10 11886.53 -5.00 18.24 0.37 -11600.KGS METE MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 991.53 0.35 -0.24 0.01 -0.00 8333.00 88.24 0.93 1345.74 0.16 3212.97 0.66 -121.00 0.00 0.02 2279.00 0.62 3278.23 -0.29 -2244.88 -2836.00 -12280.35 -1447.21 60.00 0.02 -873.70 0.75 -3293.18 0.58 3562.21 -60.24 0.72 -7315.59 0.59 -4627.59 323.22 124.63 1260.88 0.00 0.73 3562.00 0.70 -19.24 -210.01 0.41 -5848.50 -9034.00 0.59 0.53 111.02 -873.02 873.22 124.40 117.16 -123.00 0.19 38.00 -118.23 8.42 11475.15 -1412.34 -1.57 6805.86 0.35 -3314.31 248.00 0.28 183.26 8867.75 12006.36 -0.23 0.00 0.00 0.10 3562.00 0.00 0.69 79.64 3296.00 0.00 -65.96 0.74 -18.58 0.53 7302.00 8208.92 311.87 7848.61 6223.96 19.01 -0.00 -123.98 898.00 -123.22 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 202.03 0.96 0.21 124.97 -12469.28 -2794.02 2244.85 -2539.01 0.50 9034.77 -2793.37 0.88 60.50 -3562.75 7485.03 -7511.06 -6933.00 -11475.00 88.71 3049.19 -4569.00 -0.74 0.40 0.87 -111.96 7850.88 12436.02 873.00 0.35 -12006.74 18.40 -117.36 0.02 2381.06 -118.39 -0.00 0.34 0.13 -3055.00 -65.74 -319.74 0.21 0.90 -2.11 -2381.93 -5.39 117.66 -121.34 -0.13 3055.64 1257.50 -3296.87 -111.21 -17341.18 112.58 323.93 2708.00 -117.23 0.11 7.36 -0.00 11600.00 0.04 -2889.00 -68.74 -18.00 0.71 -60.00 0.31 122.06 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 11 1 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 .15 0.00 0.00 0.53 0.06 -0.01 0.59 0.11 -6060.74 319.58 -4942.50 -3562.15 -3278.62 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 991.45 7488.55 0.00 0.50 3293.55 -7490.00 0.11 3314.50 -11886.95 0.87 1447.39 117.01 -0.59 4627.04 -254.46 -722.88 -112.00 -3055.74 -18.64 6061.00 -117.37 7596.52 111.88 5.21 -60.00 0.00 0.49 -725.55 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 629.48 60.32 122.74 -18.32 7096.00 -5067.86 12248.00 -0.24 -6061.00 -65.03 118.32 -6869.24 88.00 -118.16 -123.39 -2345.33 0.68 11.19 -24.90 311.00 3.87 -3293.00 0.50 0.74 -456.15 112.47 254.16 -2279.21 -873.51 -655.96 19.66 -655.01 17157.05 -1311.23 -0.87 -0.00 0.74 0.74 18.63 895.00 0.21 60.01 0.50 3293.63 3296.33 0.

74 394.03 -0.33 -977.09 -0.01 0.63 69.53 -7.92 2341.01 0.76 1.64 -0.42 8857.30 723.64 -1.00 -1.00 -0.76 -1.76 1.30 1.19 971.51 0.64 0.23 66.02 6344.21 873.93 -209.00 0.77 -5488.19 12 -2836.01 0.47 8 179.27 0.08 12 -12426.00 0.51 0.01 0.50 -675.30 -1.00 -1.27 -0.07 17 2836.03 1.09 -0.09 0.01 -0.60 -10916.16 0.69 -1168.50 0.01 0.00 -0.01 -0.19 20 183.67 0.01 -0.93 2539.03 -1.02 -6869.09 0.09 -8701.00 0.38 6223.23 0.33 -9962.59 -0.19 4 -2836.63 69.57 -523.00 -1178.90 -450.00 0.79 -3049.21 873.93 1656.27 -0.00 1.62 1311.30 1.48 0.00 0.01 -1.82 2889.50 -3426.87 -248.20 2085.31 -55.12 6869.53 138.00 0.18 -52.03 0.33 -7393.66 -1078.97 178.76 -1.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.29 -1.76 -1.11 2970.09 0.27 -0.03 8 12564.33 20 -9407.42 60.00 0.08 20 -6388.71 -3882.02 -873.01 0.01 0.67 0.79 -3049.63 -2873.21 10508.50 2212.30 13.29 1.69 267.00 -3417.57 -523.00 0.64 -1.59 20 12426.31 9569.30 723.64 0.00 -0.04 19 -9591.91 7747.54 -1656.02 0.02 120.64 -0.01 -0.07 20 2836.02 0.27 0.27 0.67 -0.62 -10804.30 209.08 17 -6388.01 0.27 -138.01 -0.00 0.27 0.92 2341.69 -1598.00 0.03 0.64 0.00 -0.67 0.00 0.00 0.01 8335.00 0.28 8249.01 0.01 0.09 0.21 -60.09 -0.02 -6869.18 -5288.68 0.07 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 126.00 -0.01 -0.31 0.00 0.45 -665.00 -1178.02 665.09 -0.42 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.00 0.02 -0.23 -0.09 -0.72 -19.73 0.73 5685.02 8 -6619.00 0.23 -307.09 0.60 11224.33 17 -9407.02 -873.KGS METE MEMBER 13 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 17 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 4 -183.31 -55.23 0.16 5756.07 4 9407.76 -0.59 17 12426.21 -60.00 0.47 19 -2793.77 -5488.01 -0.44 -6812.00 -0.01 0.02 -723.00 0.68 -0.64 1.31 9569.72 -19.76 1.93 1656.00 -0.53 -7.01 8335.50 0.68 0.01 0.00 0.02 -873.28 -1.09 0.46 1170.44 2723.03 0.25 -2085.26 0.02 -0.00 0.23 0.74 394.33 -7393.00 1.54 -1656.03 19 6619.06 12 -183.19 17 183.00 0.16 0.01 -0.12 6869.71 -0.29 2873.23 -0.71 0.44 2723.27 2794.00 -0.50 2212.45 1598.73 1.97 9494.00 0.00 0.64 -0.52 8 9591.02 0.00 0.21 -60.50 -675.28 41.00 2137.64 0.07 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 60.68 -0.42 -394.66 3417.00 0.73 0.00 19 -179.52 19 -12564.21 873.62 1311.09 -0.20 -2341.27 2794.09 0.33 4 6388.91 -6517.02 59.02 -0.08 0.18 1194.00 0.02 -0.68 0.09 -9886.00 0.00 0.15 3070.03 1.00 0.03 -0.93 2539.00 0.62 -10804.37 -8481.28 8249.30 -1.36 2.01 -0.00 -0.61 0.33 -9962.61 -1.00 0.54 313 .09 0.54 126.08 4 -12426.00 0.76 0.78 -267.68 -0.01 0.27 0.71 3426.23 66.16 5756.30 209.20 2085.01 -0.93 -209.89 -4112.02 -723.00 0.53 0.02 0.23 -0.04 8 2793.23 -0.53 138.87 -248.08 0.00 -3417.00 0.89 -4112.73 -1.18 1194.60 11224.68 0.59 -0.73 6517.01 -0.53 -0.33 12 6388.07 12 9407.64 0.09 -8701.29 2873.68 0.09 0.50 -2708.09 -0.00 0.66 -1078.66 3417.03 -0.78 -6.02 6344.

73 5685.45 1598.69 -1598.00 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.06 -0.00 -323.01 0.59 311.66 -11.06 -0.48 -0.01 0.64 0.00 0.01 -588.01 -0.00 0.06 -11.04 -118.23 -307.00 0.00 0.00 22 -179.00 118.01 0.25 323.03 22 6619.00 -0.38 6223.85 131.02 665.51 -0.24 0.25 .16 0.31 0.50 0.00 0.50 -562.00 0.00 0.08 -118.00 0.06 -0.00 0.76 136.04 118.03 16 12564.00 0.00 0.61 1.00 -1.00 -588.00 0.52 22 -12564.00 0.01 -0.04 25.50 -3426.51 0.18 -52.42 -394.23 0.88 -5.64 -0.00 -0.63 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 3426.85 0.09 0.33 -977.76 25.00 0.36 2.00 1.00 0.88 -5.00 0.06 0.11 2970.00 0.00 0.00 0.KGS METE MEMBER 19 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.00 0.08 -0.64 1.00 0.08 118.03 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.21 873.00 0.24 -0.78 -267.80 -25.63 -22.66 11.00 0.21 -60.27 -0.04 -118.64 0.00 0.25 -323.51 -25.51 25.00 0.27 10.50 0.01 -588.00 0.01 -0.06 -0.88 112.00 0.00 0.51 25.Part I .01 0.00 0.02 59.00 0.59 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.64 0.88 112.97 178.00 0.01 1.00 0.02 -873.00 0.08 0.00 0.06 -0.60 -10916.01 0.69 267.51 -25.00 0.03 -0.00 0.00 0.83 2889.50 -2708.00 0.64 0.00 0.97 9494.25 323.71 -3882.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -0.08 -118.00 0.51 0.89 131.25 -2085.00 0.00 0.69 -1168.23 0.00 0.20 -112.00 0.00 -136.25 -323.64 -0.92 4.00 0.00 0.59 -311.00 0.51 -0.63 -22.00 0.63 -22.51 -562.01 0.04 22 -9591.00 0.00 0.51 -25.00 0.03 -1.01 0.00 0.00 -0.63 -2873.01 -0.00 0.92 -131.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 588.00 0.20 -2341.36 0.00 0.36 0.63 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.00 0.92 4.09 -9886.36 -10.25 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.00 0.51 25.00 0.45 -665.00 0.01 -0.64 -1.80 136.00 0.00 0.46 1170.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 16 9591.20 0.90 -450.23 0.00 0.51 0.42 8857.00 0.06 -0.61 0.73 6517.76 -136.00 0.78 -6.00 0.89 0.27 12.00 0.00 0.30 13.01 588.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -25.80 -136.00 -22.51 -25.91 -6517.00 0.00 118.44 -6812.18 -5288.27 -138.01 0.64 1.00 0.25 323.09 -0.00 0.91 7747.24 0.01 0.21 10508.00 0.63 22.00 0.01 0.76 136.51 25.00 22.00 0.00 0.00 323.28 1.06 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 23 1 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.00 0.16 -112.47 16 179.00 0.47 22 -2793.51 25.Application Examples 314 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.64 0.28 41.00 0.51 -25.66 -311.59 0.00 0.00 0.80 136.00 2137.02 16 -6619.06 11.00 25.02 120.26 0.24 -12.25 -323.00 0.24 -0.63 22.19 971.23 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 -0.00 0.00 0.04 16 2793.50 562.00 0.36 10.08 -25.37 -8481.00 0.23 0.64 -0.00 -136.00 0.23 -0.63 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.01 588.23 -0.06 0.66 311.27 -10.24 -0.00 0.51 562.92 -131.23 0.15 3070.00 0.01 588.00 0.27 -12.09 0.51 0.00 0.01 -588.06 0.01 -0.00 0.

40 -3.63 0.09 106.78 15 4937.92 -391.00 0.54 -0.52 11 -9509.00 0.65 31.00 0.03 0.38 20 9558.05 -0.66 17 -20414.97 171.86 -2.02 -128.00 0.52 3 -9509.37 19 -14898.00 0.02 0.00 -0.43 0.01 -0.72 -16.09 106.83 11 20463.81 -161.75 25.93 2.94 -420.00 -0.47 0.53 0.73 3 5115.00 0.00 0.03 0.03 0.10 0.66 53.52 20.47 22 9661.68 19 -4937.82 7 -9612.51 1150.50 36.43 0.84 -2.18 20 -311.46 -32.97 375.10 -0.00 0.10 0.52 166.52 -116.02 -128.11 -0.00 0.01 -0.93 2.37 15 20184.00 0.00 0.62 0.10 -0.03 -0.11 -0.00 -0.40 -3.84 57.00 0.54 -166.49 216.10 0.63 -0.97 -14.00 -0.00 0.81 -161.66 -0.00 0.00 0.47 214.54 0.10 0.10 -0.91 -2.65 31.00 0.40 3.83 15 -9612.38 -162.82 100.00 0. 90.00 0.52 -116.00 0. 91.01 -10.00 0.03 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.66 0.97 -14.02 0.66 0.51 11 361.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.11 0.46 19 9661.00 0.79 392.66 0.00 0.83 -5.91 29.00 0.01 -0.14 -408.11 0.01 0.00 0.92 0.42 14.47 -0.14 -408.22 22 -298. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL 315 .80 41.84 57.86 2.00 0.66 0.05 -0.02 -0.38 -162.54 -20.05 0.66 20 -20414.66 0.00 0.00 0.63 0.94 -420.51 25.01 -10.00 0.00 -0.68 22 -4937.KGS METE MEMBER 25 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 29 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 3 361.58 15.84 2.51 1150.63 0.00 0.91 29.79 392.66 0.00 3.00 0.46 -32.11 -0.91 2.93 -2.80 41.66 0.96 11 -14986.01 0.73 11 5115.01 -0.00 0.57 180.00 0.00 -0.21 27.00 -0.10 0.03 0.40 0.50 36.51 1125.00 0.47 214.00 1125.83 3 20463.13 15 348.58 -0.00 0.22 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.66 -0.86 -2.96 17 -5115.00 0.10 0.00 -0.47 -171.00 1150.22 -10.83 -5.05 0.82 100.00 0.00 0.63 0.10 -0.54 -20.00 0.42 14.00 -0.00 0.96 3 -14986.66 -0.00 0.06 3.01 0.06 -0.52 365.11 0.00 0.00 0.10 -0.00 0.34 -3.93 24.97 375.97 171.00 0.37 22 -14898.00 0.63 -0.47 -171.52 20 14986.00 0.63 -0.86 2.00 0.93 -2.00 0.11 0.11 0.47 16. 92.02 -0.92 -391.51 0.23 171.00 0.23 171.52 17 14986.01 0.11 -0.96 20 -5115.10 0.47 16.52 166.51 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 25.51 1150.27 22 -20134.63 0.49 216.00 0.53 0.92 -0.34 0.00 0.57 180.66 0.37 7 20184.00 0.11 -0.18 17 -311.66 53.13 7 348.78 7 4937.22 19 -298.93 24.62 0.58 0.68 15 14898.00 0.72 -16.54 -166.11 0.00 0.00 0.52 365.75 25.38 17 9558.00 -0.58 15.62 -0.21 27.52 20.00 0.27 19 -20134.11 0.66 -0.68 7 14898.

05 SECTIONS) 0.53 SECTIONS) 0.00 11 3.8.53 SECTIONS) 0.00 SECTIONS) 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 12 1.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B -1.320 112.9.62 SECTIONS) 0.26 SECTIONS) 0.00 11 0.8.68 C PASS 123.9.00 11 0.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.A -1.80 12 0.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.07 SECTIONS) 0.43 T PASS 73.850 110.840 103.74 C 3 ST W310X97 PASS 65.2+ 0.62 SECTIONS) 0.324 -113.Part I .80 11 0.465 -170.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.9.9.50 11 1.25 C 19 ST W250X39 PASS 15.8.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.69 C 2 ST W310X97 PASS 71.80 12 0.50 11 1.86 T 18 ST W250X39 PASS 16.8.76 SECTIONS) 0.00 11 0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.66 C 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 7 ST W310X97 8 ST W310X97 9 ST W310X97 PASS 71.66 C 11 ST W310X97 PASS 71.21 T PASS 121.3B 1.8.3B 0.A 0.A 1.74 C PASS 65.80 12 0.850 107.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.86 T PASS 16.850 110.07 SECTIONS) 0.50 12 1.69 C PASS 71.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W310X97 PASS 73.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 12 3.00 11 3.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.34 T PASS 1.17 12 3.462 168.8.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.46 SECTIONS) 0.9.3B -0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.14 T 10 ST W310X97 PASS 73.2+ 0.8.3B 0.68 C 20 ST W250X39 21 ST C200X17 22 ST C200X17 PASS 123.Application Examples 316 Example Problem 29 STAAD.22 SECTIONS) 0.3B -0.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 11 3.46 SECTIONS) 0.72 C 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.860 105.465 -170.95 SECTIONS) 0.06 SECTIONS) 0.462 168.324 -113.05 SECTIONS) 0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.A -0.320 112.9.95 SECTIONS) 0.76 SECTIONS) 0.465 168.9.465 168.470 -170.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.25 C PASS 15.9.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.05 SECTIONS) 0.840 103.8.A 1.80 12 0.00 12 1.8.A -0.2+ 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.PRO CODE CHECKING .A 0.43 T 13 ST W250X39 14 ST W250X39 15 ST W250X39 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 PASS 121.A 0.00 11 3.3B 1.470 -170.143 -3.26 SECTIONS) 0.850 107.00 11 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.06 SECTIONS) 0.3B -1.14 T 4 ST W310X97 PASS 73.2+ 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.16 C (CANADIAN CSA-13.9.72 C PASS 59.05 SECTIONS) 0.009 -0.8.80 11 0.00 .A -1.3C 0.21 T PASS 1.860 105.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.50 12 1.

009 0.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 12 2.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.reiusa.net * ************************************************************ 317 .Pro.co.co.00 SECTIONS) 0.3B -0.00 SECTIONS) 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 23 ST C200X17 PASS 1.3C 0. FINISH (CANADIAN CSA-13.20 C 28 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.co.48 11 2.34 T 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.19 11 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 11 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.3B 0.9.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.492 -11.12 SECTIONS) 0.3B 0.com * * Europe support@reel.A 0.17 SECTIONS) 0.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .12 SECTIONS) 0.48 11 2.8.3C 0.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.22 SECTIONS) 0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.55 11 1.143 3.55 12 2.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.8.46 C 27 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.00 SECTIONS) 0.46 C 29 ST C200X17 PASS 0.539 4.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 C 93.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.539 4.8.8.20 C 26 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.8.co.16 C 25 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.50 *********** END OF THE STAAD.3B -0.538 4.8.538 4.

Part I .Application Examples 318 Example Problem 29 NOTES .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss.77 8. S. Van Nostrand Co. page 346. 3rd edition.. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. D. “Strength of Materials.. Inc.” Part 1.1 Verification Problem No. 1956. Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system.. problem 3.77 None . COMPARISON: Support Reaction.

3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8. 18. 10.00 0. 14. 2 1 3 . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 20. DISK SPACE = 12. 5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5. 16. 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 2 FY -10. Intl. 2 5 PRIS AX 3. 2 150.877P. 3. 7.00 0.9 MB.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 50. 0. 19.0 . THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0.00 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 3 2 3 . 100. 11. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. .00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.0/ 3123. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5. REACTION = 8.6 MB 21. FINISH . 4 300.77 5. 6. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. * THEREFORE IF P=10. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . . 17.00 0.00 0.0 .77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 3.00 0. 13.00 0. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 . 4. 4 2 4 . 0. . 12.00 5. 15. 3 150. 9. 8.77 -8. EXMEM = 568.

.533 None .0 ft B = 3. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure. “Vibration Problems in Engineering. Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam. COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e 3 Period. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000.. K = 300. page 11.” John Wiley & Sons.0 ft. sec 0.0 lb/in.533 0. 1974. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W. W. D.0 ksi A = 7. Young.. S. 4th edition.3 Verification Problem No. 2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. problem 1. and Weaver.1-3.

21. 12.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.533 SEC.WEAVER. 9. 20.. 7. 18. MEMB PROP . 17. . 5. 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO. 1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300.000 0.Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. F = 1.YOUNG. Intl. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD . 14. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.000 ACCURACY 0.9 MB. 10..0/ 3123.000E+00 . . 2.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PROB 1. 8. PAGE 11. 3 10. 3. 1 0.00100. 13.876 0.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0. 1 2 PRIS AX 1. IZ 1. 2 7. 4. MEMB INCI . 11. 6. VIZ.53317 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22. 2 FY -1000.000 100. 0.00 0. EXMEM = 568.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD . 15. MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 5 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. FINISH X Y 0.6 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = *** 1 1 1 EIGENSOLUTION : SUBSPACE METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 1 PERIOD(SEC) 1. 16. (4TH EDITION. DISK SPACE = 12. 0. 19.

mm . GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm. Uniform pressure= 5N/sq.5 Verification Problem No. REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam. PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated. 3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element.

5x10 N.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18.mm = 22. deflection = WL /8EI. moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22.51 mm 18.5KN.Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq. Defl.20 mm Max Moment 22.50 kNm 22.50 kNm .m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max. 18.51mm Max.

47 11. 6. 13.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. EXMEM = 568. FINISH .56 5. 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 17.1/ 3123.00 0. 14.00 0. 16.54 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 126 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 9. 7.00 0. 12.6 MB 21.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 2.91 -112.00 0.47 0.91 -1. UNIT KN METER 23. Intl. 15. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 -18. 19. 20.0813 Z-ROTAN 0.0 CONSTANT E 210. 10. DISK SPACE = 12. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25. 5.00 0.8159 X-ROTAN 0.00 0.19 -18.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ.MM. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0. 18.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 4.0000 1. 11. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0. 8.00 1.00 0.6 MB.54 5.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

1956.9 Verification Problem No. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1. page 346. S.” Part 1... 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support. problem 2. Van Nostrand Co. COMPARISON: Reaction. PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.. “Strength of Materials.5 None . Inc. 3rd edition.5 1. D.

00 0. 20. 15. FINI . 12. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1. 2 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 11. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 5. 20.00 0. . 18. DISK SPACE = 12. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10.9 MB. 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 10. 2. MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . 17. 10.00 0. CONSTANT E 3000. 13.00 0. Intl. 0. PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 4 FY -1. .0/ 3123. 6.50 -1.00 0. 7. 4 10. 3. 3 0.6 MB 21. 8. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 19.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 -5. 2. 4.00 0. 14. IZ 100.50 1. 9. EXMEM = 568. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. .Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 16. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 20.

1956. δ 0. psi.“Strength of Materials. Difference None * The value is recalculated.5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13. Van Nostrand Co.01040 0. page 97.5 in Diameter = 10 in.1. problems 1.. and Deflection (δ). Y P P X 13.. 2. S.” Part.* STAAD 3575.01037 None . REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 3rd edition. in Solution σ Theory 3575. P = 26000 lb. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle.11 Verification Problem No. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). D..

3. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00000 0. 7. .3 0. .00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00000 0.3 0.00000 0.00070 -0.00000 0. ID 0.9 MB.0 0.3 0. 0.00000 0.3 0.4 441. 2 13.0 0. 10.00000 -0. .0 3575. 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.Part II – Verification Problems 12 1. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.0 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 20. 0.0 0.00 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. 12.0 2 1 .00 0.0 0. 6.0 0. 1 5 FY -26000. STRESS * AND 0.104 INCH FOR MAX.3 0. .00000 0.0 0.3 3575. 16. 4.0 0.0 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00000 0. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX.00000 -0. **************************************************** * * * STAAD.3 3575. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00000 0. 5.0/ 3123.00000 0.00086 .0 3575.00000 0.00000 0.0 0.3 441. 3 43.00000 0.00 0.00000 -0.4 0. EXMEM = 568. 15. 0. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO.0 3575. MEMB INCI .00000 0. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .5 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 1 1 0. 17.0 3575.00000 0.3 3575.00000 0.4 0.0 3 1 . * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. Intl.5 0.0 3575.0 3575.0 BEND-Z 0.00070 0.0 0. 13.3 3575.00 0.00000 0. 11.0 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.0 4 1 . 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10. 14.0 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00000 0.0 0. DEFLECTION. 4 72. 8.4 441.3 3575.0 441.0 0. 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP .0 1.3 3575. 9. 1 AND 2.0 1. 18.00000 0.01037 0.01138 0.01138 0. 5 86.0 0.0 0.00086 0. 2.7 MB 19.0 0.00000 0.0 1.

COMPARISON: Moment. “Structural Analysis.44 Small . 3rd edition. E and I same for all members. J. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. REFERENCE: McCormack.. 6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44.5. page 383. example 22 .40 44.” Intext Educational Publishers. C. 1975.13 Verification Problem No.

1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 .00 0.00 0. 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0/ 3123.7 MB 18.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.44 -44.00 0. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER .00 0. 14.4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. Intl. 20. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5.8 MB.00 -22. 2 UNI Y -2.00 0. 6.44 2 1 2 3 3. 20. 12. 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C.00 -20. 2 0.44 3 1 3 4 20.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 10. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1.MAX BENDING = 44. 11. . STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 0. 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . . 3 20. 15.33 20.33 -3.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .Part II – Verification Problems 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0. 0. 3.00 0. MCCORMACK. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.44 22.00 0.00 20. 8.00 0. MEMB INCI .00 -20.00 0. MEMB LOAD . FINISH .33 0. IZ 0. 7.33 0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 13.21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19. 9.00 0.00 3.00 0. EXMEM = 568.00 0.33 3. 17.00 -3. 4 20. 4.21 -44.00 0. 16. . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.00 44.33 -3. DISK SPACE = 12. 5.00 0.00 44.

REFERENCE: McCormack.5 in2. 3rd edition. Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2. AX 9-11 = 3 in2. example 18 . AX 12-13 = 4 in2. C.. 1975. 7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss.63 2. AX 7-8 =1. J.63 None . AX 5-6 = 2 in2.15 Verification Problem No. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure. in.2. GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2. “Structural Analysis.” Intext Educational Publishers. page 271.

9 3 7 10 1 6 .00000 0. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK.00000 0. 21.00000 0.Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. EXMEM = 568.72000 -0.18000 0. 15.5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3.00000 0. 18. 7 8 PRI AX 1. . STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 8.00000 0.00000 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 15. PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2.00000 0. 17. 10.00000 0.00000 0. 12. CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 4 4 5 . 2 3 4 .8 MB.5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 .00000 0. 11 5 8 .00000 0. 7.00820 0.0 5 6 PRIS AX 2.00000 0. 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20. 5 1 2 6 2 3 .29758 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.00000 0.83516 0. 28. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.06578 0. 16. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. 8 45.00000 0.00000 0. 3. 24. 7.63033 0.00000 0. 3 4 8 .00000 0. Intl.00000 0.00000 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 11 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 7 3 6 . 22.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.12000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.89516 -2. 6.00000 . 5.00000 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00000 0. 9.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2.00000 0. 25.00000 0.48000 -0.00000 0.24000 -0. 14.00000 0.00000 -0. 27. ANSWER . 19.12000 -0. 12 13 PRI AX 4.24000 -0. 4. 20. 7 30. 2.5 .63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15.00000 -0.0/ 3123.7 MB 30.00000 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0. 13.00000 0. 7. 8 3 8 . 23. 11. 26.00000 0.00000 0. 29.

8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame.44 Small .40 69. page 385.. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment. problem 22 . PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure. 3rd edition.6. 1975.17 Verification Problem No. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69. C. “Structural Analysis. REFERENCE: McCormack. J.” Intext Educational Publishers.

00 0.09 -3.00 0. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30.74 -3.7 MB 22.00 0.91 -9. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.44 -66.66 45.91 3.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.74 3. 9.00 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6.00 -5.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK. 4.91 0. 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 2. EXMEM = 568.8 MB. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 11. 19.66 3 1 3 4 9. 14. 10.44 2 1 2 3 3. 7. 3. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 0.74 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 16. 21.0/ 3123.00 66.00 0. FINISH .00 0. 3 30 30 .00 0. DISK SPACE = 12. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 15.09 -20. 17.00 0. 10. 12. 5. 6.00 0. 8.4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69.09 9.00 69.74 -3.00 0.00 0. Intl. 18. 2 0 30 .34 -69. .00 0.74 20. 10.74 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 0. * ANSWER . 13. 20.

19

Verification Problem No. 9
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads
in a 1x2 bay plane frame.

REFERENCE: McCormack, J. C., “Structural Analysis,” Intext
Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 388,
example 22 - 7.
PROBLEM:

GIVEN:

Determine the maximum moment in the frame.

E and I same for all members.

COMPARISON:
Moment, Kip-ft
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

MMax
176.40
178.01
0.91%

Part II – Verification Problems

20

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STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9
*
* MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.
* REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK,
* PAGE 388, PROB 22-7. ANSWER - MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.4 K-F
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 ; 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4 ; 5 3 4 ; 6 5 6
MEMB PROP
1 TO 6 PRI AX .2 IZ .1
CONSTANT
E 4176E3
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 2 FIXED
LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
3 FX 20 ; 5 FX 10
PERFORM ANALYS

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
6/
6/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
3/
3/
9 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB
22. PRINT FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
3

-22.26
22.26

15.06
-15.06

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

178.01
123.16

2

1

2
4

22.26
-22.26

14.94
-14.94

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

176.73
122.10

3

1

3
5

-6.51
6.51

4.97
-4.97

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

34.49
64.93

4

1

4
6

6.51
-6.51

5.03
-5.03

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

35.34
65.24

5

1

3
4

9.91
-9.91

-15.75
15.75

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-157.65
-157.44

6

1

5
6

5.03
-5.03

-6.51
6.51

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-64.93
-65.24

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
23. FINISH

21

Verification Problem No. 10
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum axial force and moment due to
load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame.

REFERENCE: Weaver Jr., W., “Computer Programs for Structural
Analysis,” page 146, problem 8.
PROBLEM:

Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the
space structure.

GIVEN:

E = 30E3 ksi,
AX = 11 in2
IX = 83 in4
IY = 56 in4
IZ = 56 in4

COMPARISON:

Solution
Reference
STAAD
Difference

FMax (kips)
1.47
1.47
None

MY,Max (kip-in)
84.04
84.04
None

MZ,Max (kip-in)
95.319
96.120
Small

Part II – Verification Problems

22

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STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10
*
* REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
* BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO. 8.
* ANSWER - MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.47 (MEMB 3)
* MAX BEND-Y= 84.04, BEND-Z= 95.319 (BOTH MEMB 3)
*
UNIT INCH KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 120 0 ; 2 240 120 0
3 0 0 0 ; 4 360 0 120
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 ; 2 3 1 ; 3 2 4
MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. IX 83. IY 56. IZ 56
CONSTANT ; E 30000. ALL
POISS .25 ALL
SUPPORT
3 4 FIXED
LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD
JOINT LOAD
1 FX 2. ; 2 FY -1. ; 2 MZ -120.
PERFORM ANAL

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
4/
3/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
2/
2/
12 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB

24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
1
2
3
4

1
1
1
1

0.22267
0.22202
0.00000
0.00000

0.00016
-0.48119
0.00000
0.00000

-0.17182
-0.70161
0.00000
0.00000

-0.00255
-0.00802
0.00000
0.00000

0.00217
0.00101
0.00000
0.00000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
3
4

1
1

-1.10
-0.90

-0.43
1.43

0.22
-0.22

48.78
123.08

-17.97
47.25

Z-ROTAN
-0.00213
-0.00435
0.00000
0.00000

MOM Z
96.12
-11.72

23

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP INCH
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

0.90
-0.90

-0.43
0.43

0.22
-0.22

22.71
-22.71

-17.97
-34.18

-36.37
-67.36

2

1

3
1

-0.43
0.43

1.10
-1.10

0.22
-0.22

-17.97
17.97

-48.78
22.71

96.12
36.37

3

1

2
4

1.47
-1.47

-0.71
0.71

-0.48
0.48

-37.02
37.02

15.69
84.04

-53.28
-95.32

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

25. FINISH

Part II – Verification Problems

24

NOTES

25

Verification Problem No. 11
OBJECTIVE:

A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one
steel wire. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in
temperature.

REFERENCE: Timoshenko, S., “Strength of Materials,” Part 1, D. Van
Nostrand Co., 3rd edition, 1956, page 30, problem 9.
PROBLEM:

Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid,
determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the
temperature rise is 10º F.

GIVEN:

Esteel = 30E6 psi, Ecopper = 16E6 psi
αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F, αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F
AX = 0.1 in2

MODELLING HINT:

Assume a large moment of inertia for the
horizontal rigid member and distribute of the
concentrated load as uniform.

COMPARISON:
Stress (σ), psi
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

σSteel
19695
19698
Small

σCopper
10152
10151
Small

8 MB. E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. Intl. 1 2 3 TEMP 10. 20. DISK SPACE = 12.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 . ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS . 14. 16.1 .0/ 3123. 7. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 10 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. .NO.VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 10 **NOTE** STAAD DETECTS INSTABILITIES AS EXCESSIVE LOSS OF SIGNIFICANT DIGITS DURING DECOMPOSITION. 4 0. 13. 3 ***WARNING . 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD . 15.NO. 3 10. . 8. 0. 0.Part II – Verification Problems 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0000004E+03 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. IZ 100. 18. 1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR IS 1. . 22. 17.4 5 UNI Y -400. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. 1 2 3 SUPPORT . 20.000E-09 THE ABOVE CONDITIONS COULD ALSO BE CAUSED BY VERY STIFF OR VERY WEAK ELEMENTS AS WELL AS TRUE SINGULARITIES. STAAD PRINTS A SINGULARITY NOTICE.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 6 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 6. . 5. 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0. 4 5 PRI AX 1. .6 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN. CONSTANT . EXMEM = 568. 9. 2 5. 2. PROB 9. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.NO. TEMP LOAD . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 20. 20. 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN. 0. MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . 19. 21. 4. 3. WHEN A DECOMPOSED DIAGONAL IS LESS THAN THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR TIMES THE ORIGINAL STIFFNESS MATRIX DIAGONAL. 6 10. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 5 5. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. PAGE 30. 6. 10. 12. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1). * THE ANSWERS ARE 19695 PSI AND 10152 PSI. 23. 11. 24.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE .

0 0.00 0.00 10150.8 10150.0 0.8 T 10150.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 19698.0 1.8 0.0 4 1 .00 19698.0 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.6 1477.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3 1 .3 T 19698.0 0.0 0.00 0.0 1.0 19698.0 0.8 0.8 10150.4 0.0 0. FINISH .8 T 0.8 T 10150.0 1477.0 0.27 25.8 1522.0 0.0 3.8 0.0 0.3 T 0.00 10150.0 10150.0 1.0 5 1 . PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 10150.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.3 0.6 0.0 3.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8 T 0.0 2 1 .0 0.4 1522.

Part II – Verification Problems 28 NOTES .

. Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000. 3rd edition. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses. problem 2. 10000. “Strength of Materials. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).. D. S. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. None δA 0.5 in2. 30° 30° L=180” A=0.12 None ..” Part 1.29 Verification Problem No. Van Nostrand Co. 1956.5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0. Inc.5 in2 L=180” A=0. in. psi and Deflection (δ). 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss.12 0. page 10.

3 311.0 0.00000 0. 13. .0 10000.0 0.0 10000. DEFLECTION = 0. MEMB INCI . PAGE 10 PROB 2.0 T 10000.0 1. 7.15 ALL SUPPORT .0 0.0 0.00000 0. Intl.00000 X-ROTAN 0.0 0. 0.0 0. 12.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD .0 0. EXMEM = 568.00000 0.12000 0. FINISH .00000 0.0 10000.0 T 0.00000 Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0. 2 FY -5000.00000 -0. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO. 4. 14. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 X-TRANS 1 1 1 0.0 T 0.00000 Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS Z-TRANS 0.0 1.00000 0.12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.00000 0. 10. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 0 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 0.0 0. 11. 16.0 T 10000. 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0. 2. 19. 2 155.0 0.0 10000.0 0. 9.00000 0. 6.00000 0.00000 0. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 2 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00000 0.00 10000. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK .00 10000.0 0. 20. 18. 5. DISK SPACE = 12.0 2 1 .Part II – Verification Problems 30 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0.0 0. 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.7 MB. 15.76914 0. 8.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 17. .88457 -90.6 MB 21.0/ 3123.00000 0.00000 0.

024 .025 . 7 = W16X36.936 .823 1.119 .668 1.119 .582 1. PRO 1. Y 15 k (WL) 2k/ft (DL + LL) 5 5 5' 2 6 7 9 8 3 10' 6 7 8 4' 4 4 16' 11' 1 3 2 1 X Members 1. 4 = W14X43 Members 5.916 .823 STAAD. Members 3.579 1.936 .117 0. perform a code check for these members based on the results of the analysis. Also.117 0. REFERENCE: Attached step by step hand calculation as per 1989 AISC ASD code. 13 TYPE: Steel Design. 2 = W12X26.668 1. PROBLEM: Determine the allowable stresses (per 1989 AISC code) for the members of the structure as shown in figure.157 . Memb 8= L40404.31 Verification Problem No.1576 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Hand 1.914 Calculation 1. Ninth Edition. Memb 9 = L50506 SOLUTION COMPARISON: Governing ratios for the members Member No. 6.

Allowable bending stress = F b = 12.54 ksi Try formula H1-1.85 x 20. Sz = 33.5 k-ft Area of compressive flange = 6. fb = 56. a = 7..39 = 20.39 in 3 From clause F1-2.1817 ksi [Clause F1-8 page 5-47 10 x 12 x (12.0 = 20.22/2.466 sq. page 5-54 of Manual.31 = 1. Allowable Stress Design. From observation Load case 1 will govern.268.1639 = 23. page 5-54 of Manual 3.in.65 in 2 . Fx = 25. L c = 6.0 kip (compression). x 1000 x 1.1576 .078 (1-3.1817 Therefore formula H1-2 governs and ratio = 1.238.268 + 0.5038 = 79./7.268 15.1576 20.49*0. ninth edition. Size W 12X26. so F’ez = 276.38 = 2.31 = 1.85 ft.31 ksi (kl/r)z = 120/5. 3. Steel Design Member 1. Mz = 56.466) of Manual] (kl/r)y = 120/1.1817 Try formula H1-2.5 x 12/33.8.268/276.38 ksi (Table C-36 page 3-16 of manual) fa = 25. L = 10 ft.Part II – Verification Problems 32 VERIFICATION PROBLEM 13 HAND CALCULATION Manual / Code refers to AISC Manual of Steel Construction. so Fa = 15.6 x 36 20.38 + 0.65 = 3.54) x 20. page 5-45 of Manual.

76 Member 3.6 ksi (kl/r)y = 132/1. so Fa = 16.19 23. L = 5 ft.66x36 = 23.90.6 = 2.7 in 3 From observation load case 3 will govern. Mz = 112.65 in 2 . Mz = 56.65 = 1. Therefore.8548 = 0.31 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0.76 ksi (Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual) (kl/r)y = 60/1. Sz = 62. page 5-54 of Manual .33 Member 2. Fx = 8.48 ksi since fa/Fa less than 0. fb = 112. page 5-54 of Manual 1.173 k-ft Refering to clause F1-2.66 = 21.5 x 12/33.50 k-ft Since L is less than L c (6.9141 19.5038 = 39.39 in 3 From observation load case 1 will govern.19 ksi Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual fa = 8.0593 + .6 x 36 = 21. L c = 8.024. fb = 56...173 x 12/62. so Fa = 19. use formula H1-3.71 kip (compression).69.1385 + 20.5/12.1385.8941 = 69. a = 12.71/7.15. Sz = 33.5 kip (compression).4 ft. page 5-45 of Manual.6 in 2 .85ft) [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual] Fb = 0.15. L = 11ft. Fb = 0. Size W12X26.39 = 20.31 = . apply formula H1-3. a = 7.46 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 25. Fx = 25. Size W14X43.

173 k-ft L c = 8. L = 5ft. Mz =57.6 = 1. From observation.76 ksi [Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual] f a = 8.694 + 0.904 = 0. Sz = 62.Part II – Verification Problems 34 2.7 in 3 From observation. [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual. Size W16X36.73x12/62.66 = 21. so Fa = 19.694. Mz = 112.117 16. fb = 57.23 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 14.48 = 0.123 + 0.48 = 0.47.66 x 36 = 23.48 ksi Combined tension and bending.37 ft.02/10.6 Member 4. a = 12. Sz = 56.02 kip (compression).49 in 3 L c =7.12 ksi .5 = 12.6 in 2 . Fb = 0.6 = 0.6 in 2 .024 + 21. L = 4ft.32.04 k-ft Since L is less than L c .76 ksi (kl/r)y = 60. 0.6 x 36 21. Fx = 8.75 kip (tension). f b = 112.032 + 0.4 ft Since L is less than L c Fb = 0./1. a = 10. load case 3 will govern. use formula H 2-1. Size W14X43. Fx = 14.04 x 12/56.52 = 39.75/12. page 5-55 of Manual.994 = 1. load case 3 will govern.936 23.76 Member 5.46 21.66 x 36 = 23.

Size W16X36.65/10.533.057 + 1.119 .02 Therefore F b (as per F1-6.069 + 0.5203 = 126.26*107.26/(1530. so Fa = 9. L = 16ft.0.533/9. a = 10.579 23. page 5-47 of Manual) [(2/3) – 36*107. use formula H1-3.000)]*36 = 14.26 53.6 in 2 . page 5-54 of Manual 1.32 + 19.25 ksi (Kl/r)y = 192/1.062 = 1.6 = 0.000C b /F y) =53. with Cb = 1. load case 1 will govern.26 < 119.12 = 0.36 [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 5.229 sqrt(510..15 use formula [H1-3.36 + 15. Forces at midspan are Fx = 5.229 < 107.23 12. specs. fb = 71.000C b /F y) =119.79 = 107.510 = 0.35 Since fa/Fa less than 0. sqrt(102.49 in 3 From observation.14 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0.25 k-ft From Chapter F of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.65 kip (compression). Sz = 56.15.25 = 0. Mz = 71. page 5-54 of Manual] 0.25x12/56.02 L/r T = 192/1.14/14.49 = 15.76 Member 6.29.

Fb = 0.76 Member 8.66 Fy = 23. Sz =56.00447*(4/0. M z = 62. Size W16X36. use formula H 2-1.37 Since combined tension and bending.0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2.105 + 0.6 = 2.2698.96X12/56. Fx = 24.06 kip (tension).34 – 0.specs.04 kip (Comp. Fa = 11.6 x 36 23. page 5-55 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.37ft (Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual) From observation load case 3 will govern.1241 Kl/r = 7. page5-45 of Manual].6in 2 . Since section is in tension. specs. Fb = 0.071 x 12 = 106.0. fb = 62.25)*sqrt(36) = 0. Fx = 23.73 0.76 ksi = allowable compressive stress.071 ft.49 = 13.60X36 = 21. Hence. L = 7.49in 3 Lc = 7.76 Ksi fa = 24.96 k-ft From Clause F1-1. L =4ft. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.9108*36)) = 132.5627 = 0.0*pi*pi*29000/(0.9108 Qa = 1. Choosing the larger of above 2 values.06/10.6677 0.2698 + 13.795 is less than Cc. a = 1.37 = 0. Size L4x4x1/4.94 in 2 From observation load case 1 will govern. Fb = 23.Part II – Verification Problems 36 Member 7.9108 sqrt(2.6027 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) .) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed. a = 10. Qs = 1. 2.60 Ksi [Clause F15.

375)*sqrt(36) = 0.) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.823 . Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.9824 Qa = 1.94 = 11. Hence.61 in 2 From observation.876/11.301 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) Actual compressive stress fa = 48. Fa = 16.44 kip (Comp.301 = 0.00447*(5/0. a = 3.602 = 1.04/1.44/3.specs.876 ksi Therefore.657 x 12 = 68.57 0.2238 (Kl/r)min = 5.34 – 0.024 Member 9. load case 1 governs.0*pi*pi*29000/(0. Fx = 48.99 is less than Cc.9824 sqrt(2.0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2.61 = 13. L = 5.418 ksi Therefore Ratio = fa/Fa = 13. Qs = 1.418/16.37 Actual compressive stress fa = 23.0. Size L5x5x3/8.657 ft. Ratio = fa/Fa = 11.9824*36)) = 127.

4 4 6 5 5 7 .00 56.00 25.15 0.20 -10.65 1. 18.00 0. LOAD COMB 3 .00 0.00 0. 21.34 2 4 2 4 25. 8.00 -56. 5.64 -2. 5 6 7 UNI Y -2. 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DL + LL MEMB LOAD . 22.52 -3.65 10.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0. 3 4 TA ST W14X43 5 6 7 TA ST W16X36 . 8 3 7 .0 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD . 6 25 15 . 4. 20. 8 TA ST L40404 .00 0.29 -10.05 -1.2 MB 2 20 27.00 -25.00 0. 9.00 0. 11. 5 FX 15.05 0.00 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0. 9 4 8 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 TA ST W12X26 .52 3 5 3 5 8.83 -15.83 10. Intl.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 28. 15. 2 3 5 .00 0.64 -10.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 25. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.75 2 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0. 7 5 15 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0.00 0. 24.00 0.20 0.65 -5. 19. 23.00 12. 13.00 0. 7 8 6 .71 15. 3 0 10 .00 0.00 -12. 16. 25.00 0. 9 TA ST L50506 MEMB TRUSS .00 0.00 0.00 0. 3. 17. 7. 10.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 38 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13 * * THIS DESIGN EXAMPLE IS VERIFIED BY HAND CALCULATION * FOLLOWING AISC-89 CODE. 2 25 0 .75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 0.50 5. 4 25 11 5 0 15 .00 0.50 -3. 2. 14.17 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 .00 112. 6 7 8 .50 -25.65 5. * UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 .00 0.00 0.77 2.50 0. 26.00 0.00 0.71 -8.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 6. 8 9 CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 12.77 0.00 62.0/ 40242. 8 21 15 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 . 3 2 4 . 1 0.00 -25.00 0.00 0.00 10.

00 0.00 C 0.96 -15. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.7 CB= 1.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.95 3 7 3 7 23.00 0.76 | | FTZ= 23.34 57.15 10.00 0. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.50 0.50 14.65 SZ= 33.00 0.64 10.60 FV= 14.65 SZ= 33.00 0.50 -6.00 FC= 15.64 14.00 0.00 0. PARAMETER 30.00 0.7 SY= 11.85 12.60 SZ= 62.50 6.20 -10.00 0.25 -0.00 0.0 ALL 32.75 -10.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .25 3. L= 132.71 C 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 FCY= 27.117 3 25.60 FCY= 27.29 15.00 0.9 CB= 1.00 0.3| | KL/R-Y= 79.00 0.61 FT= 21.71 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.00 0.65 -5.41 5.00 0.50 0.60 FV= 14.00 56.50 C 0.0 AX= 12.85 -24.0 AX= 7.17 11.50 10.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.06 24.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.16 48.00 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.00 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 3 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 YLD= 36.00 0.65 10.00 0.06 24.8 CB= 1.20 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.83 -8.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 FT= 21.00 0.85 12. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 60.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 0.00 0.06 0.50 -8.00 0.00 0.00 FTY= 27.3| | KL/R-Y= 69.04 -62.00 0.18 | | FTZ= 21.00 0.04 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -112.85 -24.3| | KL/R-Y= 39.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 -112.00 0.4 SY= 5.04 7 8 7 8 5.00 0.75 0.16 -26.44 -48.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 56.H1-2 1.00 0.0 AX= 7.00 FTY= 27.96 8 6 8 6 -12.00 0.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * 1 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.916 1 8. TRACK 1.00 0.00 0.50 19.76 FCY= 27.00 0.00 YLD= 36.00 0.00 YLD= 36.00 0.06 1.00 0.00 17.60 FV= 14.00 0.00 FTY= 27.75 -12.00 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 FC= 16.00 4 8 4 8 26.00 0.76 62.46 FT= 21.00 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -8.00 0.00 FC= 18.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 6.00 0.00 0.04 -23.00 0.4 SY= 5. L= 120.02 -14.75 8.157 1 25.75 -57.00 -15.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.H1-3 1.33 0.39 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. CODE AISC 31.00 0.17 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-3 0.00 -62.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.95 5 7 5 7 -10.02 8.29 15.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 0.

7| | KL/R.00 FC= 9.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4.60 FV= 14.936 3 8.025 1 23.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------33.26 FT= 21.60 FV= 0.582 3 14.= 69.00 FC= 11.00 FTY= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.0 AX= 10.00 FTY= 27.H2-1 0.60 FCY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.668 3 24. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 48.00 FCY= 0. L= 67. L= 84.60 FV= 14.00 YLD= 36.30 FT= 21.9| | KL/R.76 | | FTZ= 23.60 SZ= 56.87 FT= 21.00 | | FTZ= 0.76 | | FTZ= 23.119 1 5.00 FCY= 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 14.06 T 0.Part II – Verification Problems 40 ALL UNITS ARE .8 SY= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.3| | KL/R-Y= 25.60 FV= 14.8 SY= 3.76 FCY= 27.0| | KL/R-Y= 126.= 106. UNIT KIP-INCH.6 CB= 1.04 C 0.75 T 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.94 SZ= 0.60 SZ= 56.60 SZ= 62.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.5 SY= 7.9 AX= 1.61 SZ= 1.00 FTY= 27.65 C 0.00 YLD= 36.00 FC= 18.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.60 FV= 14.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 8 ST L40404 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.3 CB= 1.823 3 48.44 C 0.7 SY= 11.00 0.25 8.3 CB= 1.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST L50506 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.76 FCY= 27.7 CB= 0.H1-3 1.0 AX= 10. UNIT KIP-INCH.25 | | FTZ= 21.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 YLD= 36.H1-1 0.00 62.02 C 0. FINISH .5 SY= 7.H2-1 0.17 0.00 -71.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 6 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.0 AX= 10.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.36 FT= 21.60 FT= 21.00 0.0 CB= 0.00 FTY= 27.9 AX= 3.0 AX= 12.0| | KL/R-Y= 39.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.5 SY= 7.00 FTY= 0.H1-1 1. L= 60.39 FT= 21.00 FTY= 27. L= 48.00 FC= 20.00 YLD= 36.0| | KL/R-Y= 31.76 FCY= 27.60 FV= 0.00 -112.00 0.00 0.60 SZ= 56.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.96 0.5 CB= 1.00 FC= 18. L= 192. UNIT KIP-INCH.H1-3 0.00 FC= 16.76 | | FTZ= 23.04 5.00 YLD= 36.00 -57. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 YLD= 36.

SOLUTION COMPARISON: ACI notes CRSI Handbook STAAD Area of Steel in beam 2. REFERENCE: CRSI Handbook and Notes on ACI-318 from ACI. 14 TYPE: Concrete design as per ACI code.32 k 521. PROBLEM: A plane frame is created with such loading as to create 138 Kip-Ft moment on beam and 574 Kip of axial load coupled with above moment on column.in.268 k / ft 2 2 3 1 3 1 15' 4 20' GIVEN: Size of beam is 10 x 16 inch.41 Verification Problem No. 521. X 2.09% required 4.23% provided . column 14 x 16 inch.78 sq.01% 4.792 sq.32 k 5.in Area of Steel in column X 4.

18. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.87 2 1 2 3 13.00 0.00 0.4375 ALL DESIGN BEAM 2 .69 13. 6.00 0. 15. . ZD 14. 3 20.00 137.00 0.44 -137. 14.69 -13.00 0.87 -137. 17. 9.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 42 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.69 -13. 7. 29.00 0. 2 PRISM YD 16. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 2. 12. 0.0 ALL CLB 1. 28.0/ 40242.00 0. 20.268 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 4 20. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 4 FIXED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE JOINT LOAD 2 3 FY -521. 0.68 0. 11. DISK SPACE = 12. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.00 -574. 5. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . 2 0.69 0.00 -13.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 574. 8. 27.44 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 4. 10.69 0. 21. 13. Intl. 3. ZD 10. 30.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0. 15. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 31.0 MEMB 2 FYMAIN 60.32 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -5. 22.87 67.00 -574. 15.00 13.00 0. 2 2 3 .00 0.00 137. 25.00 0. 16.87 3 1 3 4 574. .00 0. UNIT INCH START CONC DESIGN CODE ACI 1999 TRACK 1.68 52.00 0. 3 3 4 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTY 1 3 PRISMATIC YD 16.1 MB 2 6 23. 19. 26.00 -67.00 0.69 52. .0 ALL FC 4.

REQD. FINISH . ROW=0.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT. 0. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2.4000. IN. LOADING 1 ___ 2J____________________ 240. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2.10 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 125.00 X 16.14.16/ 2. DESIGN COLUMN 1 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO. FT.54/ 4.53 KIP-FT AT 10. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 48.00 INCHES. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-5/8 2-NUM.164 SQ. MAX. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT. STEEL = 2.NUMBER 8 4. 2 DESIGN RESULTS .87 KIP-FT. END CONC DESIGN 34.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137.232 1 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 14. IN. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 .FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY . STEEL = 2. TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 9. 20.X 10.0214 ROWMN=0.X 16_____________________ 3J____ | | | | | | | | | 2#10H 3.60000 FC . IN. ROWMX=0.4000 PSI.00 X 16.48 IN2. | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | | | |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 32.00FT.792 IN2.00 FT.792 IN2.AXIAL + BENDING FY .0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 33.17 inch^4 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137.10. SIZE .60000.73 INCH | | REQD.00 IN END 0.87 KIP-FT. 1 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .0185.52 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 1837. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2. FC . LOADING 1 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED. MAX.43 ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO. FT.TO 240. RECT SIZE . IN. REQD.

this does not mean that it is impossible to come up with a bar arrangement. 3 # 11 bars and 2 # 10 bars may satisfy the requirement. the program reports that it could not come up with a bar arrangement. If an arrangement is not possible with that bar. When STAAD looks for a bar arrangement.Part II – Verification Problems 44 NOTES STAAD reports that it is unable to find a suitable bar arrangement to satisfy the reinforcement requirement for the negative moment at the two ends of beam 2. it uses only bars of the same size. If all the permissible bar sizes are exhausted. . the user may be able to satisfy the requirement by mixing bars of various diameters. However. it tries with the next larger bar size. However. It begins with the bar size corresponding to the parameter MINMAIN. The program is not equipped with facilities to come up with such combinations of bar sizes. For example.

45 NOTES .

Part II – Verification Problems 46 .

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