A M E R I C A N E X A M P L E S M A N UA L

STAAD.Pro 2006

AMERICAN EXAMPLES MANUAL

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad
Part Number: DAA037020-1/0001

STAAD.Pro 2006 is a suite of proprietary computer programs
of Research Engineers, a Bentley Solutions Center. Although
every effort has been made to ensure the correctness of these
programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake,
error or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of
these programs.

RELEASE 2006
© 2006 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Published March, 2006

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilities to enable this task.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented using
lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triangular and
quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick elements.
These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties, orient cross
sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber, aluminum, specify
supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program generate loads, design
parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, and dynamic response (spectrum, time history,
steady state, etc.).
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and shear
walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate and
solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third-party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users to link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with perhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed book
to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials : This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual
This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved using the STAAD
engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and design problems
commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment
This document contains a detailed description of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) of
STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model generation, structural analysis and
design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual
This manual deals with the theory behind the engineering calculations made by the
STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation of the commands available in the
STAAD command file.
International Design Codes
This document contains information on the various Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum
design codes, of several countries, that are implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

4 of the Getting St arted manual. In this dialog box. You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following figure. first start the program and follow t he steps explained in Sections 1.iii To access the built-in editor. . choose Open STAAD Editor.3 and 1.

For your convenience. You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2006\staad\examp\us where "X:" is the drive. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands). the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual. examp01. and so on.std for example 8.iv At this point. . namely. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters.std for example 1. examp08. and "spro2006" is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation. the editor screen will open as shown below.

. Then. go to the Edit menu. or. and choose Edit Input Command File. click on the STAAD editor icon. To view their contents in the editor. as shown below. open the file you are interested in. They too are installed along with the examples.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject.

vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor. select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window). .

8 67 Example Problem No. 12 111 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No.Example Problems Example Problem No. 11 99 Example Problem No. 13 121 Example Problem No. 19 181 Example Problem No. 17 163 Example Problem No. 14 129 Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No. 10 89 Example Problem No. 20 191 . 9 79 Example Problem No.Table of Contents Part I . 2 17 Example Problem No. 16 155 Example Problem No. 3 25 Example Problem No. 4 33 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No. 18 173 Example Problem No. 15 141 Example Problem No.

5 11 Verification Problem No. 23 217 Example Problem No. 21 197 Example Problem No.Example Problem No. 6 13 Verification Problem No. 28 277 Example Problem No. 25 245 Example Problem No. 8 17 Verification Problem No. 29 297 Part II . 26 255 Example Problem No. 10 21 Verification Problem No. 27 265 Example Problem No. 7 15 Verification Problem No. 9 19 Verification Problem No. 24 229 Example Problem No.Verification Problems Verification Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 12 29 . 11 25 Verification Problem No. 2 3 Verification Problem No. 3 5 Verification Problem No. 1 1 Verification Problem No. 22 207 Example Problem No.

Verification Problem No. 14 41 . 13 31 Verification Problem No.

.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

3 . load/area of floor). 3) Example problem No. 5 . . 6) Example problem No. 6 .This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.Plane frame with steel design. In this example. Since member sizes change during the member selection. 2 . 4) Example problem No.e.A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results. 2) Example problem No. 1 . 4 . This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases.This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). After one analysis. It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation.Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No. member selection is requested.A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing. 5) Example problem No.

11 . To avoid looking into a lot of output. 13) Example problem No. 12 . 7 .Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example.This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. 11) Example problem No.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements.Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. 12) Example problem No. . 9 . 10) Example problem No. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted.7) Example problem No. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. The combined results are then used for steel design. 9) Example problem No. Design of an element is performed. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall.This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. 8 . The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure.A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. 8) Example problem No. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. 13 . Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members.In this example. During this process. 10 . Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined.

19 . and we examine those in this example. 16 . STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. 19) Example problem No. member end forces and support reactions are determined. 15) Example problem No.This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame.A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities. 20) Example problem No.Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. 21 . . 17 . A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. 16) Example problem No. 17) Example problem No.This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 18 . The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 20 . 21) Example problem No. 15 .A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads.14) Example problem No. 14 . The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. The maxima of the joint displacements. 18) Example problem No.This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element.

29 . 29) Example problem No. Since the structural condition is load dependent. 23 .This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. Time History analysis is performed on this model.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. 23) Example problem No.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. once for each primary load case. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. 24) Example problem No.The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements.Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example.22) Example problem No. 22 . The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. 25) Example problem No. 24 . 28 .This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. 28) Example problem No. 27 . Using the masterslave command.This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. 26) Example problem No. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. 27) Example problem No. 25 .A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. The structure consists of piers. 26 . .

NOTES .

0 (WL) k/ft 0. After one analysis. member selection is requested. 1 Plane frame with steel design.9 (LL) 16 14 12 W18 x 35 9 14 8 20 7 10 16 15 9 21 11 W10 x 49 15 9' 12 13 18 19 17 13 22 23 10 35k (LL) 15k 2 0. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.9k/ft (LL) 11 8 4 15' 15k 1.Example Problem 1 Example Problem No.6k/ft (WL) 5 4 6 5 1 7 6 W14 x 90 3 20' W14 x 90 2 1 X 1 . Y 15' 15' 1. Since member sizes change during the member selection.2k/ft (LL) W21 x 50 Pinned 3 0.

the Z coordinates need not be provided. 8 30 35 . 2 30 0 . 16 11 14 . Since this is a plane structure. 11 15 16 . 15 9 14 . 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3. 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 Member properties are from the AISC steel table. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 9 12 14 10 14 16 .4 6 8. The word ST stands for standard single section.2 3 7. 12 13 15 . UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TABLE ST W14X90 .5 35 . 22 10 11 .5 3 4 6 4 5 . 8 7 12 . 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 . 10 22. 16 15 44 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. .Part I . 19 10 13 . 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. . 13 8 13 14 9 12 . . 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 38. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 7 5 6 . 9 7. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 11 15 35 . Semicolon signs (. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.3 2 6. 13 25 38 14 10 41 . 12 5. 0. 15 20 41 .5 35. 20 7 9 21 9 11 .

3 .0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). strong axis moment) at node 3. This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments. ALL DEN 0. PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle. etc. POISSON. The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss. 2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2. Length unit is changed from FEET to INCH to facilitate the input. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. SUPPORT 1 FIXED .e. MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90.

Load 1 contains joint loads also. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1.2 Load 1 contains member loads also.0.Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated long with an accompanying title. Loads are applied at nodes 4. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.75 . 8 to 13. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. . Since global Y is vertically upward.0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1. CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1. 11 FY -35. JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0. FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction.0 indicates that this load will act downwards. the factor of -1.6 . GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction. and. Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads. 6 UNI GY -1. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.9 .Part I . 5 and 11. is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case. Loads are applied on members 6.75 2 0.

KY. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0. 5 . The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12th point along the member length which by the way is the default too. The RATIO parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0. The subsequent line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination.85 ALL BEAM 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow. etc.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only. This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive. 3) with a title. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained.9.0 ALL KY 1.Example Problem 1 The above command identifies a combination load (case no.

from among the associated member list.0. The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1.0 ALL TRACK 1. Hence. is assigned to all members in the list.Part I . GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute. Hence. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping. it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure. . GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members. the cross sections for members 1. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis. PARAMETER BEAM 1. 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three.0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters.Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis.0 ALL RATIO 1. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA.

STEEL TAKE OFF The above command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes. 7 . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications.Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command.

9 7. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 8 7 12 .22 0.40 3. 27.90 94. 7 5 6 . 2 30 0 .47 984. 13.48 15. 19. 28. 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TA ST W14X90 . 11. 8. 1 UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.31 1.51 93. 3 2 6 . 16.79 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ IX/ SY 4. 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 .00 4.39 18. 2.5 35 .14 7.63 0.66 510.70 7.00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33. . 15. 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER START END JOINT JOINT 1 5 14 1 3 9 3 4 12 LENGTH (FEET) BETA (DEG) 20.00 0.INCH ----------------MEMB PROFILE AX/ AY 1 ST W14X90 2 ST W10X49 5 ST W21X50 8 ST W18X35 14 ST L40404 26.51 5.67 IZ/ AZ IY/ SZ 999. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 . 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 .10 0. 11 15 16 .06 49.67 362. 13 25 38 14 10 41 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10 22. 31. 25. 20.04 1. 22. 7. 12.Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 4.72 .51 24. 10. 4 6 8 .00 3.00 7. 22 10 11 . Intl. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .40 54. 3.000 3. 5. 38. 24.63 4. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 15 9 14 .17 14.92 10. 29.39 14. 2 3 7 . 16 11 14 .5 35. 6.00 13.000 10. 15 20 41 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 17 11 15 18 10 15 .30 57. 26.00 142. 17. . UNIT .30 5. 32. 12 5.94 0. 23.85 0.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED . ALL DEN 0. 12 13 15 . 19 10 13 .Part I . 18. 14. 9. 21.75 272.50 6. 0.86 1.40 1. PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES.68 1. 30.905 0. 11 15 35 . 8 30 35 .

00 6 8 6 8 31.00 0.Example Problem 1 34.00 0.94 -30.00 0.51 3.00 0.00 2.46 -10.36 -2.64 0.2 CALCULATE NATURAL FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0.90 -28.00 -5.00 0.13870 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 1.71 -60.00 181.00 0. 39.99 0.00 0. 47.00 0.79 -56.00 0. 38.00 70.15 10.00 23.00 0.00 0. 41.0/ 40264.00 -21.00 40.99 55.91 0.48 -13.00 3 4 3 4 -3.9 .00 0.00 0. 46.00 0.95 10. 44.05 -52.00 0.02 0. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 0. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.00 0. 45.82 0.00 0. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 48.43 -41.77 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 9 .00 0.00 -61.51 0.48 5. 2 43 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 37.00 0.00 0.66 13. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 21.66 -30.00 0.00 0.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.00 -3. 36. LOAD LIST 1 3 49.00 0. 42.00 0. 43.00 0.35 -5.17 -53.65 0.16 6.14 105. .NO.75 2 0. 6 UNI GY -1.07 2 6 2 6 58.00 0.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15.00 2.00 0.26 40.71 -39. 40.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.NO. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.6 .00 0.00 0. 35.71 247.27 99. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 18.00 0.00 0.4 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 0.96 3 7 3 7 33.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 54.48 -0.15 0.88 41. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.48 5.09 0.99 -9.00 102.00 0.99 0.00 0.00 -2. 11 FY -35.96 -11.NO.21727 INCH GLO X.00 0.00 0.00 18.07 28.00 59.48 -10. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.48 3.59 31.81 -33.45 -17.00 0.

00 0.56 13 15 13 15 40.00 0.00 0.00 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 1 3 14 1 3 15 1 3 16 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.30 -175.16 0.91 19.00 0.00 0.26 10.00 0.52 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.03 -13.33 -34.02 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.25 2.31 0.27 5.00 11 14 11 14 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 20.64 25.55 -1.00 0.44 8.00 11 15 11 15 -21.65 19.74 -26.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 9 14 9 14 1.65 -5.00 0.00 0.15 10.00 0.00 0.48 -10.58 8 13 8 13 40.00 0.94 -73.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -102.75 4.00 -27.00 0.00 0.10 -40.46 -10.95 9.00 0.00 0.58 0.42 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -57.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -21.00 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.62 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 26.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 5 4 5 -3.00 0.00 0.55 -36.58 -60.00 -56.00 0.27 -23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -73.26 42.00 0.00 0.18 -44.70 -5.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.75 34.00 0.18 -42.00 0.68 -15.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 -20.79 -36.00 0.68 36.48 3.00 0.98 -99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 27.00 0.00 0.80 -19.00 0.52 -40.84 -41.00 -148.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.73 35.01 0.55 16.00 0.00 0.72 -27.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.26 9 12 9 12 -2.00 0.00 0.86 -2.Part I .48 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 -60.31 44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 99.00 0.92 0.00 0.15 10.62 56.63 -37.78 22.00 0.00 0.25 -19.53 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.94 -3.00 0.00 60.42 7 12 7 12 36.00 27.66 11.00 0.00 0.06 -15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.00 10 13 10 13 2.00 0.31 12 14 12 14 36.48 3.01 0.01 0.00 0.12 57.02 -44.00 0.33 -5.00 0.15 -24.60 8.02 0.00 0.01 0.86 0.00 0.00 0.68 -36.86 -41.55 25.78 -4.01 0.29 0.00 0.30 5 6 5 6 -3.00 10 15 10 15 -1.00 0.00 0.77 -4.00 0.63 0.00 0.61 0.64 3.01 0.01 0.00 -181.00 0.90 6.01 0.00 0.00 0.77 44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 -1.56 15 16 15 16 41.94 -25.64 7.15 2.00 0.07 25.00 0.00 0.46 -2.88 -35.00 0.00 0.19 10.00 0.00 0.60 25.00 0.00 0.15 -3.73 1.61 -11.00 0.87 22.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.98 -6.01 0.99 148.23 21.01 0.91 14 16 14 16 41.00 0.00 0.

00 0.02 0. 54.00 11 .53 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.00 3 0.00 -18.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 54.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.46 19.86 -0. 52. 55.00 0.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 PASS 40.H1-2 0.00 0.02 0. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.756 -70.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.97 0.50 -5.97 19.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 SELECT ALL STAAD.00 0.17 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 2.66 C PASS 3.00 0.00 0.H2-1 0.H1-3 0.00 0.00 -181.02 0.00 0.50 21. 56.00 0.02 0.82 C PASS 31.46 -14.00 0.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0.820 105.02 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.32 17.75 0.02 0.05 40.00 0.02 0.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 -2.00 9 11 9 11 -19.07 C 3 ST W14X90 4 ST W14X109 5 ST W24X62 PASS 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 20 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 7 9 7 9 -17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0. 53.15 0.00 0.00 0.48 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0. 58.00 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.71 58.0 ALL KY 1.00 0.86 0.00 -61.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 5.H1-3 0.85 ALL BEAM 1.00 3 20.00 0.842 0.79 55.00 0.00 8 10 8 10 -23.00 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 10.00 0. 57.71 C 2 ST W12X40 PASS 33.73 247.00 0.00 0.00 60.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 -3.02 0.776 0.32 -19.00 0.99 3 0.00 0.00 0.27 0.00 247.00 0.870 0.00 10 11 10 11 -21.44 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.H1-3 0.00 0.00 1 15.02 0.00 0.53 14.00 0.00 0.

94 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.83 1 5.46 T 17 ST L25205 PASS 24.00 0..00 PASS 3.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 3 0.55 C PASS 36.832 0.858 0.15 T PASS 36.83 1 5..862 0.00 1 0..864 0.00 3 3.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.64 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.81 3 7.00 C PASS 26. GROUP MEMB 5 6 7 4 (ST W14X109 ) LIST= 1.00 73.73 C 12 ST W14X30 13 ST W18X40 14 ST L20203 15 ST L20203 16 ST L25205 PASS 40.00 1 7. GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST W24X62 ) LIST= 5.68 C 10 ST W18X35 PASS 41.H1-1 0.00 1 0.42 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 0.H1-2 0.15 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 TABLE ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC..831 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63.74 C PASS 5.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -56.876 0.Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .H1-2 0.00 0.00 -57.H1-2 0.70 C 19 ST L20202 PASS 6.45 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC..00 73.00 0.870 0.00 1 0.50 T PASS 23.00 -185.847 0.81 3 0.01 T 18 ST L30253 PASS 5..Part I .43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.663 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.91 3 0.83 3 0. GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.00 0.812 0.44 T 1 2.00 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS 23 (ST L30254 ) LIST= 14.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.829 0. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62.H2-1 0.H1-2 0.97 T PASS 19..755 0.H1-1 0.00 0.H1-1 0.H1-2 0.00 0.00 0.65 C PASS 1.81 C PASS 24.00 0.00 60.826 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC..92 T 20 ST L25204 21 ST L25204 22 ST L20205 23 ST L30254 PASS 19.896 0.46 T PASS 21.H1-3 0. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST W18X40 ) LIST= 8.75 C 11 ST W18X35 PASS 41...83 1 5.662 0.848 0.H2-1 0..50 3 10.00 59.00 1 5.829 0.00 99. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61.00 1 0. .00 175.00 0.869 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.48 T 7 ST W24X62 8 ST W16X31 9 ST W14X30 PASS 10.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0..

865 1 4.PRO CODE CHECKING .H1-3 0.88 C 0.00 YLD= 36.29 T 0.70474 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 0.00 20.0 AX= 32.2 SY= 61.2 SY= 61.76 C 108.68 FT= 21.00 0.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 -186.00 YLD= 36.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.43 0. UNIT KIP-INCH. UNIT KIP-INCH.05 C 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------4 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.H1-3 0.64 FT= 21.1 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.2 CB= 1.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 63.0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.60 FCY= 27.38 0.60 FV= 14.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 .60 FCY= 27.00 248.2| | KL/R-Y= 77.0 ALL RATIO 1. 65.00 FTY= 27. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64.81 10.01 FT= 21.844 3 31.H2-1 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.872 3 41. L= 120.9 SY= 11.85 | | FTZ= 21.0 AX= 32.38 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.NO.00 FC= 15. L= 240.00 FC= 17.2| | KL/R-Y= 57.60 | | FTZ= 21.618 3 54.6 SY= 9.16 C -70.1 CB= 1.00 FC= 14.00 FC= 13.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.60 FCY= 27.76 | | FTZ= 23.0| | KL/R-Y= 93.60 FCY= 27. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23. L= 180.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.NO.0 AX= 11. L= 240.2 SY= 61. 68.20 SZ= 130.00 FTY= 27. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3. L= 180.H1-3 0.00 FTY= 27.34 15.2 CB= 1.60 FV= 14.30 0.00 FTY= 27.807 1 32.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5. 67.2| | KL/R-Y= 64.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 FC= 17.8| | KL/R-Y= 87. PARAMETER BEAM 1.00 YLD= 36. UNIT KIP-INCH. UNIT KIP-INCH.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.NO.0 AX= 32.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.80 SZ= 51.00 SZ= 173.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .8 CB= 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.H1-2 0.00 FTY= 27.97912 INCH GLO X.00 SZ= 173. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 SZ= 173.Example Problem 1 ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS.60 FV= 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.76 FCY= 27. 66.0 ALL TRACK 1.60 FV= 14.83 FT= 21.00 YLD= 36.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.0 AX= 18.60 | | FTZ= 21.

85 | | FTZ= 21.00 FC= 17.00 FC= 17.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.50 C 0.07 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.80 SZ= 68.20 C 0.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.0 AX= 11.0 AX= 11.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 FTY= 27.H1-2 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 66.76 | | FTZ= 23.0 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.76 | | FTZ= 23.38 FT= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.H1-3 0.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.0 CB= 1.60 FV= 14.80 SZ= 68.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.4 SY= 6.00 FTY= 27.570 1 34.38 FT= 21.73 10.4 SY= 6.76 FCY= 27.886 1 4.4 SY= 6.76 | | FTZ= 23.H2-1 0.2 CB= 1.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.00 -191.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------12 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.885 3 27. L= 70.00 FTY= 27.48 T 0.60 FV= 14. L= 120.60 FCY= 27.70 C 0.29 T 0. L= 120.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 10.00 FC= 17.00 FTY= 27.76 FCY= 27.60 FV= 14. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FC= 17. L= 70.00 FC= 17.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.60 FV= 14.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------13 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.0 AX= 11. UNIT KIP-INCH.H1-2 0.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 13.0 AX= 18.652 1 40.60 FV= 14.00 YLD= 36.00 FC= 14.07 FT= 21.H1-2 0.0 CB= 1.76 | | FTZ= 23.80 SZ= 68.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.00 FTY= 27.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 11.79 5.34 0.00 -59.H1-2 0.00 FTY= 27.07 FT= 21. L= 70.60 C 0.0 AX= 11.79 5.653 1 40.0 CB= 1.49 0.00 YLD= 36.07 FT= 21.00 63.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.76 | | FTZ= 23.30 2.80 SZ= 68.8| | KL/R-Y= 87. UNIT KIP-INCH.76 FCY= 27.76 FCY= 27.00 YLD= 36.20 SZ= 130.00 YLD= 36.0 AX= 18.00 101.585 1 36.0 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 FTY= 27.71 5.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------8 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.69 5.80 SZ= 68.60 FV= 14.0 AX= 11. UNIT KIP-INCH.H1-2 0.Part I .40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------11 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.827 3 10.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.60 FV= 14.85 | | FTZ= 21.00 -58.76 FCY= 27.H2-1 0.60 FCY= 27.39 C 0.00 FC= 14.00 YLD= 36.00 66.6 SY= 9.00 FC= 17. UNIT KIP-INCH.6 SY= 9.07 FT= 21.603 1 34.00 178.69 C 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 FTY= 27.0 AX= 11.4 SY= 6. L= 70.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.20 SZ= 130.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 12.0 CB= 1. L= 70.4 SY= 6.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23. UNIT KIP-INCH.76 FCY= 27. L= 70.07 FT= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .2 CB= 1.76 | | FTZ= 23.80 SZ= 68.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.4 SY= 6.00 YLD= 36.

7 AX= 1.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 14 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.7 AX= 1.19 FT= 21.00 FTY= 0. L= 78.04 T 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.60 FV= 0.00 0.= 148.00 YLD= 36.79 FT= 21.= 90.00 | | FTZ= 0.= 90.31 SZ= 0.00 0.H1-1 0.00 7.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 21.3 SY= 0.631 1 17.19 FT= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FTY= 0.31 SZ= 0.0 AX= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FC= 4.00 7.00 YLD= 36.91 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 19.00 YLD= 36. L= 78.00 0.11 FT= 21.00 YLD= 36.1 CB= 0.00 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.3 CB= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 15.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 0.89 C 0.00 | | FTZ= 0. L= 90.00 FCY= 0.60 FV= 0.3 SY= 0.3 SY= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.552 3 15.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.3 SY= 0.00 FTY= 0.9 AX= 1. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 93.31 SZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------19 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.7| | KL/R. L= 46. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 90.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------20 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.3 SY= 0.00 0.00 FC= 14.00 YLD= 36. UNIT KIP-INCH.558 3 4.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FC= 5.= 170.7| | KL/R.9 AX= 1.7| | KL/R.31 SZ= 0.7| | KL/R.60 FV= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 FTY= 0.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 16.9 CB= 0.00 0.= 170.60 FV= 0.00 FC= 14.00 FTY= 0.7| | KL/R.31 SZ= 0.7| | KL/R.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 .72 FT= 21.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.3 SY= 0.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .91 T 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FC= 6.00 YLD= 36.14 T 0.816 3 23.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------21 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.72 FT= 21.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------18 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FCY= 0.31 SZ= 0.0 AX= 1.00 | | FTZ= 0.9 CB= 0.1 CB= 0.213 3 6.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FTY= 0.93 C 0.00 FCY= 0. L= 93.00 FC= 5.= 178.848 1 24.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 17.= 148.79 FT= 21.11 FT= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FCY= 0.00 FC= 4.155 3 2.31 SZ= 0.60 FV= 0.0 CB= 0.00 FC= 6.3 CB= 0.3 SY= 0.H1-1 0.H1-1 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 14.329 1 2.00 FTY= 0.98 C 0.60 FV= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.00 YLD= 36.00 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------17 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.0 CB= 0.60 FV= 0.3 SY= 0.60 FV= 0.00 FCY= 0.= 178.0 AX= 1.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------16 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 20.66 T 0.0 AX= 1.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 18.31 SZ= 0. L= 46.7| | KL/R.00 3.03 T 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.7| | KL/R.00 YLD= 36.00 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.

51 T 0.00 FTY= 0.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 0.11 FT= 21.3 SY= 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.31 SZ= 0.net * ************************************************************ .Pro.00 5.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE LENGTH(FEET) ST W14X109 ST W12X40 ST W24X62 ST W18X40 ST L30254 PRISMATIC STEEL WEIGHT(KIP ) 55.9 CB= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.854 1.31 SZ= 0.99 66. L= 90.co.reiusa.7| | KL/R.296 0.3 SY= 0.686 1 19.= 170.00 30.0 AX= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 34. UNIT KIP-INCH.com * * Europe support@reel.653 1 18.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 FTY= 0.000 ---------------TOTAL = 10.130 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 70. L= 90. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co. UNIT KIP-INCH.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.977 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 FC= 5.00 YLD= 36.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.601 1.60 FV= 0.00 0.Part I . FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 | | FTZ= 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 FCY= 0.11 FT= 21.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 23.00 0.00 FC= 5.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.0 AX= 1.7| | KL/R.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------23 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.co.9 CB= 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 22 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.45 T 0.00 15.43 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.402 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------69.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 FCY= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 22.= 170.

the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input.5' 15' 19 21 10 13 17 18 11 12 14 15 14 27 23 5. the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed.5' 17 26 19 7' 25 16 15 20 21 17 . 4 x 5' = 20' 2 1 3 2 4 3 4 5 1 20 22 5 7 24 6 7 8 9 28 8 10' 9 10 11 3. load/area of floor). the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads. The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis. Consequently.e.Example Problem 2 Example Problem No. However.5' 13 3. In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.

20 0. 0. 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.5 0. . . 25. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. 25. . 16 16. Semicolon signs (. 8 10. 17 13 18 . 16 18 20 . 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). 5 20. 0. 24 4 10 . . 10. the Y coordinates are all the same. 23 11 16 . 9 13. 0. 3. 0. . 21 20. 11 16. 10. 17 20. 0. 12 20. Joints between 1 and 5 (i. 10 13 14 13 . 0. 25. 0. 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.Part I . 7 5. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 0. 27 12 17 . .5 0. 10. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . . . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 0. 5 7 8 9 . STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD.e. 13 0.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 0. 0. 25. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . Joint number followed by X. 0. 2. 10. 0. Since this is a floor structure. 25 . 0. 20 2 7 . 10. . UNIT FT KIP Defines the UNITs for data to follow. 14 5. . in this case zero. 35. 28. 28.Application Examples 18 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 0. 35. 0. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 10. 19 20. 10 15. 18 0. 15 11.

30 19 .Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 Member properties are specified from the AISC steel table. E has been assigned as 4176E3 (4176000. strong axis moment) at the start joint. etc. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints.ft) which is the equivalent of 29000 ksi. SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED The above joints are declared as being restrained for all 6 global degrees of freedom. CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i.e. POISSON. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. In this case. The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis. the W12X26 section is chosen.0 Kips/sq. AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0. LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. The word ST stands for standard single section. * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint.

1 of Technical Reference Manual).0 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (Table 2. . PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 2. UNT and UNB stand for unsupported length for top and bottom flange to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress. The program converts area loads into individual member loads. FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.ft.0 ALL UNB 1.0 ALL UNT 1.3 kips/sq. SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the AISC steel table for the members listed.0 ALL DMIN 1. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD.Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 0.Part I . DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. Design is to be performed per the specifications of the AISC ASD Code. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.

500 GY -1.00 -0. 25. 9 13. 0. 8.00 0. 28 5 12 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0. 0.00 -1. 24 4 10 . 22. 21 9 15 22 3 8 .450 -0. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 0.750 GY 0.450 -0. 17 20. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 28. 11 16. 0.13 10. 35. 23. 14 5. 21 20. . 25. 0.00 15. 16 18 20 .00 10.450 -1. 5 20. 0. 12 20. 0. 10 15. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 28.950 -1.0 MB 6 42 LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD . 0. 4. 25 . 23 11 16 .5 0. 10. 14. 15 11. . 0. 9.00 5.725 GY -1. 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 3. 0.00 25. . 26.00 0.500 -1. 0. 0.00 0. 25. 19. 7 5. 0. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 5. 15. 27 12 17 .00 -1. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 19 20. 27.650 GY -1. 21.450 -0.0/ 40264. 18 0.00 0. 25. 7. .050 -0. 20 2 7 . 13 0. 13.500 GY 0. 20. . . 16 16. 11. 29.50 20.30 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 11/ 5/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 17. 25.525 GY -0.00 0. 17 13 18 . 18.00 10.00 0.00 15.00 6. 10. 28. . DISK SPACE = 12.050 -1.00 10. 10. 10. 5 7 8 9 . 10. 0. 10. .350 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 21 .00 0.00 0.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL L1 L2 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0. 0.00 0.00 20.00 5. 8 10. 35.Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 12.5 0.500 GY -0. 2. 24.00 0. 16. 6.750 CON L LIN1 LIN2 -1. 25 19 21 26 17 19 .50 3. . 0. Intl. 20 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10 13 14 13 . 10.

Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 30. 31.00 1 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 0.00 1 6.00 -52.00 -75.00 T 15 ST W14X22 PASS 0.H1-3 0.00 T PASS 0.H1-3 0.50 1 5.00 1 10.H1-3 0. 32.00 -167.863 0.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.74 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.987 0. 35.911 0.00 T PASS 0.H1-3 0.00 1 10.00 -33.PRO MEMBER SELECTION . PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1.85 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -49.00 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.0 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.0 ALL DMIN 1.00 -139.00 -58.00 .57 1 7. 36.00 T 6 ST W18X35 11 ST W21X48 14 ST W16X26 PASS 0.46 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. 37.H1-3 0.0 ALL UNT 1.443 0.59 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.0 ALL UNB 1.00 T PASS 0.00 T PASS 0.H1-3 0.H1-3 0.32 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 T PASS 0.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.38 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 3.797 0.H1-3 0.937 0.H1-3 0.59 1 0.50 1 0.00 T PASS 0.00 1 7.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 TABLE ST W21X44 PASS 0.886 0. 34.00 T 18 ST W12X26 19 ST W24X55 21 ST W12X22 23 ST W12X19 24 ST W12X19 27 ST W21X48 PASS 0.00 -102.00 T 16 ST W12X19 PASS 0.984 0.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.897 0.00 -172.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.978 0.00 1 12.744 0.915 0.00 -31.H1-3 0.00 -221.Part I .00 -18.00 T PASS 0. 33.0 ALL DMAX 2.

FROM THE UPPER MENU. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.reiusa. UPDATE PROPERTIES.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. THEN FILE SAVE.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Example Problem 2 38.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. PRESS RESULTS.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co.co.com * * Europe support@reel.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.net * ************************************************************ 23 .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. IN THE POST PROCESSOR. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Pro. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.

Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 NOTES .Part I .

10 & 14 = 8 x 1 x 250 = 2000Kips/ft Spring of joints 2. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation.Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. 12 & 13 = 8 x 2 x 250 = 4000Kips/ft 25 . 4. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring. 5. 3. 11. 4 8 20 7 7 9 6 8 6 5 1 2 1 9 10 34 5 2 8 3 4 10 11 1213 14 11 12 13 14 NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in feet. 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footing. 3 K/FT 5K 10 3 K/FT 5K 10 Typ. 2) Soil Subgrade Reaction . Width : 8 ft.250 Kips/cft Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1.

0 . The program will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis.0 20. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 . 9 24.0 0.0 20.0 ZD 8.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 The first two lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) followed by YD (depth) and ZD (width) values.0 10.0 ZD 8. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.0 10. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 0.0 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above.0 0.0 0. 7 4.0 8 24.0 0. Semicolon signs (.0 0.Application Examples 26 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1. Since this is a plane structure.0 10 20. 6 6 7 7 7 8 .0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2. Additional information is available in sections 1 and 5 of the Technical .0 Joint number followed by X.0 0.0 6 4.0 0. UNIT FT KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line.0 0.0 0.0 5 8.Part I . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 14 28.0 0.0 0.

Density and Poisson’s ratio.Example Problem 3 Reference Manual. The first set of joints are restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z). Also.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000. Member properties for the remaining members are chosen from the American (AISC) steel table. a spring having a spring constant of 4000 kip/ft is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes. MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000. Since global Y is vertically upwards. SELF Y -1. 27 .0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input.0 factor. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000. * E FOR STEEL IS 29. the -1. The supports for the structure are specified above. Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line. The word ST stands for standard single section. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.

Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3.Part I . The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. . The load is applied at nodes 6 and 7. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. and is applied on members 7 and 8. member forces and support reactions. acting downwards.

4.0/ 3144. 20. 5.0 0.0 0.Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 33.2 MB 29 .0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 ZD 8. MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0.0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5. 21. Intl.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 ZD 8. EXMEM = 568. 37.0 20.0 5 8.0 .0 10.0 0. 17. 15. 26.0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2. 23. 32. 8 6 9 9 8 9 . 12.2 MB.0 0. 10.0 10. 29. 27. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000. 22. 7. 31.0 10 20.0 6 4.0 0.0 . 9. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000. 28. 24.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000.0 0.0 0. 18.0 0. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1. 16.0 5 6 9 10 TA ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 * E FOR STEEL IS 29.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1.0 0.0 20.0 0. 36.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 . 9 24. 35. 8. 7 4. 6. 3. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT FT KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 25. 38.0 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 19. 11.0 0. 34. 13. 14. 2. 30.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000.0 8 24.0 14 28.

40 -9.00 0.00 0.00028 -0.53 27.00 13.00 0.09085 -0.00 0.33 0.00 0.82 11 1 10 11 0.99 0.35 28.00000 0.00000 0.17 16.00 0.35 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 -11.00000 0.00 0.35 0.89 18.00000 0.04257 -0.87 7.49 9.34 23.Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 39.40 0.00051 -0.00000 0.31 18.00 0.00 0.00485 -0.00000 0.00000 0.33042 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.62413 0.00000 0.00 5 1 3 6 56.07856 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 3 1 3 4 0.00 6.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.32290 0.08043 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.00395 0.00 0.00 0.04885 -0.82 10.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.04 4 1 4 5 0.35 -16.00 0.00 0.79 49.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 68.08885 -0.00000 0.00 63.95 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.74 10 1 9 12 65.00 0.70 0.07162 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00020 -0.00000 0.00017 -0.00048 -0.00 0.00 0.10 -4.76 8 1 6 9 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.54 0.00000 0.Part I .00 0.10248 -0.00 0.00 0.68 31.00000 0.26 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 11.00 0.00 0.00023 -0.00 7.00 0.00 -9.00000 0.00 0.00 -67.00671 0.16 -65.00 0.22 0.00 0.06131 -0.00 -11.00 -16.00 0.00000 0.15 -94.89 -12.00035 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 -22.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET ----------------JOINT 0.00 49.00 0.04 0.00 0.00015 -0.59 .00 0.00 0.51 16.00 0.60 0.00 0.00 -18.35 -16.00000 -0.00000 0.13 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.00 9.00 -50.40 0.00 0.84 -32.00 0.60 -0.00000 0.41 0.00 0.86 -56.00 18.64181 0.00 21.00000 0.00 11.00000 0.01 -28.00043 -0.84 0.00 0.00000 0.36 -63.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 63.00 16.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.79 2 1 2 3 0.60 0.00000 0.90 6 1 6 7 29.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 94.03597 -0.00000 0.00000 0.05852 -0.05440 -0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00 0.95 27.00 0.00 0.04893 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.06101 -0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.22 6.93 9 1 8 9 31.00 0.53 32.00000 0.00055 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00010 -0.00000 0.00000 0.15 7 1 7 8 16.00 0.00000 0.60 0.19 44.00 0.00 0.28 20.00 0.10 10.00000 -0.00000 0.

00 14 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** -24.co.08 34.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.41 0.41 14 1 13 0.00 -11.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 1 11 12 0.00 -89. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.88 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.41 0.reiusa.co.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.01 0.55 13 1 12 13 0.net * ************************************************************ 31 .00 0.00 -9.00 0.00 0.08 0.00 40.88 -15.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 19. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 13.co.Pro.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 -30.00 0.59 44.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.37 24.00 0.00 0.

Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 NOTES .Part I .

In this example. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. Y 7 8 8 15 k 13 14 5 3 5 6 4 180" 6 7 k 30 11 9 10 12 2 1 4 1 2 240" X 240" 3 180" 33 .Example Problem 4 Example Problem No. 4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases.

4 3 6 . UNIT INCH KIP Specifies the unit to be used. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. 11 3 5 . 0 . 360. Consequently. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 180. Since this is a plane structure. 5 6 8 . it is necessary to have 2 commands. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 9 1 5 . Semicolon signs (. Also. 3 5 7 .Application Examples 34 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 0 6 480. 14 5 8 . the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD.Part I . 8 480. 0 7 240. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480. 10 2 4 . 360. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. 0 0 4 0 180. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 0 Joint number followed by X. To accommodate these requirements. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.) are used as line separators.

CONSTANTS E 29000. it is assumed to be 0. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again. The word ST stands for standard single section. Poisson’s ratio. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. 35 . MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss. 2 and 3.0. SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Built-in default value of steel is used for the latter. etc. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive. MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table.Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.

JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 . In other words. 8 and 7. the bracings are not used to carry any load.Part I . The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier.Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The length UNIT is changed from INCH to FT for input values which follow.5 Load 1 contains member loads. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction. The loads are applied on members 6. The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to any forces for the next load case. INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive.0 7 UNI GY -1. for dead and live load. 7 FX 15 . MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1.

LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title.75. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only. the program simply gathers the 37 . 8 FX -15 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case.75 3 0.Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. For load combinations. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9.75 2 0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again.75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. 12 and 14 are made inactive. The negative numbers (-30 and -15) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction.

PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases.5 ALL . an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases. Thus. of the member end forces. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report. a combination case is not truly analysed for.0 ALL UNB 6. but handled using other means. PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1.0 ALL UNT 6.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members.0 ALL KY 0. Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing.Part I . (As explained earlier. in the output file. and combines them algebraically. factors them appropriately. Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. are recognized as the "active" load cases.

5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. Design will be done according to the specifications of the AISC ASD Code. 39 . KY 0.5 for ALL members.Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained). UNT and UNB represent the unsupported length of the flanges to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress. CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements. FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.

14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 CONSTANTS E 29000. 11. 43. 22. 24. 45. 15. 3. 46. STAAD PLANE A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT INCH KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 35. 12. 16. 4 3 6 .75 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL 3 18 . 0 . 19. 39.0 7 UNI GY -1. 34. 18. 29.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 3 5 7 . 33. 42. DISK SPACE = 12. 5 6 8 . 40. 8 480. 26. 27. 9. 9 1 5 . 23. 180. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 11 3 5 .75 2 0. 37. 7. 4. 14. 21. CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 .Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 28. Intl. 0 7 240. 8. 360.0/ 40263. 12 2 6 13 6 7 .Part I . 7 FX 15 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . 44. 360. 13. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 36. 31. 8 FX -15 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 6. 47.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 17. 10 2 4 . 5. 20. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1. 38. 32.3 MB 30. 2. 25. 0 0 4 0 180. 41. 10. 0 6 480. 0 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 .75 3 0.

00 0.34 -0.00 0.20 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -13.78 -29.00 0.00 1.30 -12.37 -0.00 0.00 0.67 29.00 6.00 10.00 0.00 0.97 9.00 0.05 0.45 -0.00 -9.31 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.11 2.83 5.47 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.00 0.78 20.88 -10.00 0.00 0.00 15.00 0.00 0.38 5.00 0.95 -0.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 15.06 28.00 0.95 9.86 10.00 0.00 -10.67 0.10 0.07 -0.00 1.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 4 48.00 0.08 -0.00 0.84 17.00 0.00 0.91 4.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 -0.24 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 -1.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 50.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.71 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 -18.00 0.97 -5.91 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.73 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 38.00 0.23 -7.76 -15.42 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 -28.78 -18.00 0.31 0.45 0.00 0.78 9.00 -2.79 22.00 0.76 -3.09 -35.09 8.79 -20.79 35.00 0.05 0.61 -15.16 -0.00 0.63 0.15 0.00 0.29 0.16 0.26 -4.00 0.13 2.22 -0.52 0.01 -9.00 0.83 0.15 0.95 -35.67 -0.83 -15.13 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 0.03 6.66 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.26 11.27 -2.00 0.27 0.07 -0.37 2.00 0.00 0.66 -11.25 11.61 7.86 -9.37 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 8.20 -2.74 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.12 -2.00 0.26 -8.26 24.31 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 -44.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 -13.76 -2.00 0.72 -0.95 -10.00 0.33 1.00 -0.00 0.29 10.42 0.00 0.45 -50.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.88 7.95 2.38 15.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.09 0.90 14.00 0.00 0.44 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.29 10.16 -0.14 -0.00 0.92 -1.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.22 -0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.33 -2.77 0.05 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 23.00 0.38 -7.60 -0.72 0.84 -22.00 0.00 0.92 1.00 0.97 18.06 -9.04 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 41 .00 0.00 0.00 0.73 -30.25 35.00 0.97 -5.14 -10.42 -0.09 -16.00 3.00 0.00 -5.11 -19.26 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 10.47 -38.00 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 -0.85 -2.00 0.67 0.63 -1.00 0.00 0.84 16.97 10.26 -23.31 0.19 -0.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.12 0.00 -2.64 -35.12 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 9.00 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.07 -0.00 0.00 0.70 2.00 0.00 0.48 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 3.40 0.38 -0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.06 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 -12.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 -25.00 0.00 -22.23 2.00 0.13 0.05 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 -17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 10.00 0.88 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 22.00 0.00 0.85 46.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.11 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 12.55 -17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -22.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 12.00 0.00 0.37 33.00 -25.00 0.20 14.00 0.80 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 9.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.67 -2.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.31 19.00 0.00 0.78 4.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.58 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -16.00 0.73 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 44.00 0.47 1.82 -22.00 0.00 0.73 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -32.00 0.00 0.00 58.62 7.00 0.00 0.72 9.00 0.47 17.00 0.07 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 -2.00 0.03 25.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 -26.67 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -19.00 0.00 0.56 41.88 29.00 19.00 0.74 25.78 0.74 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.35 7.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 .00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.60 13.00 0.66 -14.00 0.00 0.20 -2.00 0.00 0.05 16.00 0.35 -0.00 0.00 0.29 0.97 18.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 10.00 0.00 0.67 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -12.31 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 7.00 0.00 0.06 32.00 0.00 -33.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -0.00 0.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.

00 4 0. 52.00 4 15.00 0.45 C PASS 15.00 0.00 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 C 2 ST W12X26 3 ST W12X26 4 ST W12X26 PASS 50.00 5 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-1 0.00 0.00 0.0 ALL KY 0.H1-1 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -23.00 0.00 0.00 0.61 C 6 ST W18X35 PASS 22.KIP FEET MEMBER 13 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 0.00 46.00 5 15.00 0.00 0.0 ALL UNT 6.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -17.00 0.95 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0. 51.00 18.00 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -8.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 C 5 ST W12X26 PASS 15.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.394 0.05 C PASS 12.00 0.00 4 15.00 0.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.416 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 0.00 2.442 0.58 C PASS 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.302 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.346 0.84 C 7 ST W18X35 8 ST W18X35 9 LD L50505 PASS 32.00 0.H1-1 0.00 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 TABLE ST W12X26 PASS 18.00 -13.00 0.00 0.03 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.5 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 5 15.00 0.00 0.00 0. 56.00 0.76 C PASS 35.00 0.00 0.76 17.00 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 0.H1-1 0.0 ALL UNB 6.00 0.00 0.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.00 43 . 53.00 0.00 0.76 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49.00 0.00 0.591 0. 54.00 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -13.00 0.00 0.00 -17.00 0.55 0.00 0.285 0.00 0.97 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.26 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 35. 50.00 4 20.394 0.00 0.00 0.55 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 4 10.78 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.00 0.32 13.16 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.191 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .69 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0. 55.

128 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Part I .uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * Europe support@reel.reiusa.00 (AISC TENSION 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.16 T 14 LD L50505 PASS 13.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 5 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.102 0.00 SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) 57.31 T 11 LD L50505 PASS 22.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 10 LD L50505 PASS 19.41 T 12 LD L50505 PASS 16.co.73 T 13 LD L50505 PASS 13.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.100 0.00 5 0.147 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro.00 4 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 5 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.net * ************************************************************ .32 T (AISC TENSION 0.00 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 4 0.00 SECTIONS) 0.171 0.

Example Problem 4 NOTES 45 .

Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 5 Example Problem No. 5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. Y 20' 2 2 10' 3 1 3 4 4 X Z 5 20' 5 6 47 .

UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.Part I .0 10. 0. 5 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 6 20. IX 10. Values of AX (area).0 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.0 3 20. IZ (moment of inertia about major axis). IZ 300. 20. IY 300. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 .Application Examples 48 Example Problem 5 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 5 20. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. Y and Z coordinates. UNITS KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.0 . 10.0 0. IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX (torsional constant) are provided in INCH unit.0 0. . 4 20. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 0. . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. CONSTANT E 29000.) are used as line separators.0 .0 0. 2 0.0 10. Semicolon signs (. 20. Joint number followed by X.0 0. Member properties have been defined above using the PRISMATIC attribute. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint displacements. 4 and 6 are fixed supports. 49 .50 Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly known as a sinking support.Example Problem 5 SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED Joints 1.5 inch downward. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. FY signifies that the support settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this settlement is 0. support reactions and member forces.

0 0. IX 10. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT UNITS KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 6. Intl. 7.0 0. IZ 300.0/ 3144. 10.2 MB 22. 9.0 0. 17.0 10.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. 5 5 6 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10. 13. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS . 18.0 3 20. IY 300. 19.0 0. 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 . 8. 20. CONSTANT E 29000. 4 20.0 . 2 0. 6 20. 16. 20. 12. 11.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 10.0 0. 20.Part I .0 5 20.Application Examples 50 Example Problem 5 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 . 15. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0. 2. 3. 4. 21.0 10. 14. . DISK SPACE = 12.1 MB. EXMEM = 568. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 5.

08 0.00014 0.65 36.KIP INCH MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.64 107.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.15 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.08 0.46 -19.08 0.46 -116.08 -0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 0.00040 -0.00000 -0.15 0.65 107.65 -0.65 19.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.66 0.co.00000 -0.07 -0.65 0.15 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.82 3 1 3 4 -1.com * * Europe support@reel.65 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 -0.64 2 1 2 3 0.co.00154 -0.09125 0.97 -0.07 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00050 0.49919 -0.64 5 1 5 6 0.00154 0.00000 -0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.07 -116.00014 -0.08 0.18 4 1 3 5 0.00000 -0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.08 19.Example Problem 5 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.15 -0.95 0.08 -0.22 1 4 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.97 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.07 -0.00000 0.co.82 -116.07 -0.01078 0.46 0.00000 -0.00 -116.97 -0.15 0.07 107.09118 0.15 -0.18 -116.08 -0.22 107.net * ************************************************************ 51 .66 116.15 -0.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.07 -0.00040 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00000 -0.97 -0.18 19.00154 0.46 -36.00154 0.00000 0.reiusa. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.07 0.09125 0.18 107.00050 0.64 116.46 107.95 -0.46 0.00000 0.09118 0.00000 0.01078 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.97 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.97 0.95 1.Pro.17 107.17 107.08 0.50000 -0.15 -0.15 0.46 -0.08 -0.00000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.97 0.07 0.97 -1.00000 -0.97 -0.46 -116.00000 0.15 0.00000 0.97 0.07 -0.22 0.

Application Examples 52 Example Problem 5 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 6 Example Problem No. 6 This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure. It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is applied. Y 9 8 7 15' 3 6 8 5 5 5 2 15' 7 3 4 1 4 20' 1 X 40' 2 53 . the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load).

) are used as line separators. Semicolon signs (. 2 40. . 8 5 6 .2 IZ 1. 50.0 Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic) attribute. 3 0. . the Z coordinates need not be provided. UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000. JOINT COORD 1 0. 9 7 8 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 2 3 5 . 6 40. UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used for input to follow. 0. and that allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 35. 8 40. . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports. 20. 4 2 4 . 5 0. ALL . STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. . 35. 0. . 50. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. POISSON CONCRETE ALL . 4 40. 5 4 6 6 6 8 . Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the major axis (IZ) are provided. . 7 3 4 . MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2. Since this is a plane structure.Application Examples 54 Example Problem 6 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 20. 7 0.Part I . 3 5 7 .

Example Problem 6 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. etc. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 300 kips. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to perform the analysis. The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. EM -12. The assumptions and facts associated with this type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. as well as additional information about both types of loads. EM -12. Load 1 contains PRESTRESS load. 55 . please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. ES 3. Members 7 and 8 have cable force of 300 kips. Load 2 is a POSTSTRESS load.g. ES 3. Poisson’s ratio. EE 3. LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. EE 3. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. support reactions and member forces in the output file. For a difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS loading. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 3 inches above the center of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 12 inches below the c. UNIT FT PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1.

00000 0. EM -12.00000 Y-TRANS 0. 9.07698 0.00000 0.07224 0.Part I .00000 0.00000 0.1 MB.00000 0. UNIT FT 25.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 22. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00000 0. . 50.0 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000.00000 -0.00000 0.00059 0. 5. EE 3. 16.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00039 0. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0.00000 0.00000 0.2 IZ 1. 5 4 6 6 6 8 . .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 20. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3 5 7 .00000 0.00000 0. EXMEM = 568.00000 0. 5 0. 8 40.00000 0.00000 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 2 3 5 .00000 0. 7 0. 10. 11.00000 0.00000 0. .00000 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00015 0. 7 3 4 . . 12.00000 0.00087 0.00000 0.00000 0. 35.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. 6.00000 0. . 3 0. 6 40.00000 0. 50. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 4.00000 0. 14. 3.00000 0. 7. 35. 4 40.00000 0.07698 0. 0.00000 0. 20. 4 2 4 .00000 0.07224 0. 15. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0. EE 3.00000 0. 9 7 8 SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2. 2 40. .0/ 3144.00000 0.00000 0. 20.00000 X-ROTAN 0.00087 0.00000 0.00000 0.00015 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 .00059 0.00000 0.00000 0. 23. 8.00000 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.Application Examples 56 Example Problem 6 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 21.00000 0. Intl.00000 0.2 MB 24.00000 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 2.00000 0.00000 -0. ES 3.00000 0. EM -12.00000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0. 0.00000 0.00000 0.00039 0. 19.00000 0. 17. ES 3.00000 -0. 18.00000 0. 13.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 8 5 6 .00000 -0.00000 -0.

65 -297.00 6.71 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 -286.00 6.00 -38.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -37.00 -58.00 0.71 -6.00 0.00 -6.00 0.00 0.92 0.16 0.00 0.00 -58.62 -75.00 0.00 -2.92 -13.62 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 7 8 7 8 -2.62 75.31 -3.00 0.31 3.00 0.00 5 6 5 6 286.00 0.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 -241.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 57 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 -304.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -90.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.00 -13.00 2.00 0.29 -75.00 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 MOM Z 58.16 0.00 0.00 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 6 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.00 0.50 -37.81 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 13.00 38.29 231.34 2.00 0.00 4 6 4 6 0.48 241.48 -75.00 0.00 0.00 6 8 6 8 0.00 0.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 2.00 0.65 -297.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 117.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -37.00 0.00 0.00 75.00 0.00 0.00 3 4 3 4 304.00 0.34 -2.98 0.67 0.00 75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 7 5 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 -231.62 0.07 297.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 0.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -37.00 0.00 58.00 0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 297.00 0.00 90.00 0.16 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Part I .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.Pro.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Europe support@reel. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Application Examples 58 Example Problem 6 26.reiusa.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * ************************************************************ .

The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. OFFSET connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point.Example Problem 7 Example Problem No. 7 This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. 20' 5 6 6 3 4 7" 15' 7" 5 4 6" 3 15' 1 7 2 1 2 59 .

UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7.0 7 END -7. 2 20. 30. UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. This allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line. The word ST stands for standard single section. 6 5 6 . MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 Member properties are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table for all members. JOINT COORD 1 0.0 -6.0 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Since this is a plane structure. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. the Z coordinates need not be provided. 4 20. 5 0. . . Semicolon signs (. 15. 0. 6 20. 30. 3 0.0 0.0 0.) are used as line separators. 0.Part I . 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 .Application Examples 60 Example Problem 7 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. . MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 .0 .0 0. . 15. LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle.0 5 6 END -7. 7 1 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 0.

. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50.0 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5.Example Problem 7 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT. SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. 61 . Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided. The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet. UNIT FT PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. 6 and 7. These attributes are applied to members 5. LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. The X. CONSTANT E 29000. 5 FX 25.

Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.Part I . .

00 0.74 -6.11 -13. .0 0. 24. .22 68.43 3 1 3 5 -6. 23.00 0. 5. MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 3.0 CONSTANT E 29000.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 4. 21.00 0. 0.00 0.00 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50.76 2 1 2 4 75. 8. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . Intl.0 0.0 5 6 END -7. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.74 6.89 0. 2.00 0.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0. 3 0. 14. 15. 22.11 0. 6 20. 0. 18.0 -6.00 0. 15. .0/ 3144. 26.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -10. 19.00 0. 12.2 MB 27. 30. 5 FX 25. DISK SPACE = 12.32 -71.00 0. 16.00 -84.0 0. 4 20. . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 6.74 11.49 4 1 4 6 6. EXMEM = 568. .00 0.74 10.89 66.00 0. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7.0 MB. 17. 9. 2 20.40 63 .00 -5.00 0. 6 5 6 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 5 0.00 111.00 -75. 25.0 7 END -7. 7.00 0.0 0. 30. 20.00 128.00 0.89 -11.00 4.74 13. 15.63 5.63 0.00 0. 13.50 0. 10.74 -4. UNIT FT 28. 11. 4.00 0.

56 0.99 0.99 3.00 0.00 0.11 -13.00 75.00 -4.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -80.39 -3.63 5.11 -6.00 0.net * ************************************************************ .00 -62.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.47 7 1 1 4 -106.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.39 -66.55 -64.00 -37.00 0.00 0.Pro.00 0.66 106.00 0.00 0.reiusa.32 -9.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.co.56 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.74 6.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.66 -0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.63 -75.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.37 6 1 5 6 13.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 66.co.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.Part I .80 -37.co.00 0.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.74 0.16 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.

Example Problem 7 NOTES 65 .

Part I .Application Examples 66 Example Problem 7 NOTES .

8 In this example. Two load cases. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis. 67 . are considered in the design. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. and the members are made of concrete. live and wind load. Y 13 20 7 21 4 11 14 15 8 9 3 1 17 15 18 6 13 10 7 16 16 1 11 8 12 19 2 10 3 X 12 5 14 9 2 4 5 6 X The above example represents a space frame.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No. The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members.

Y and Z coordinates. 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 . 14 38 24 0 . 9 4 8 13 . 10 12 16 .0 IZ 509. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 .0 ZD 16. IX 1018. IY 864. Semicolon signs (.0 IZ 864. UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. 9 7 . 3 2 8 5 5 11 . 15 13 14 17 7 10 . 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 Joint number followed by X. 2 18 0 0 . IX 6497. 18 8 11 . a . JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 .Part I . 2 4 10 . 21 14 16 . 7 3 9 6 12 . UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 5 18 0 24 . 19 20 13 15 . 8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 ZD 12. 8 18.Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 11 13 10 11 14 . IX 1279. IY 509. 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. 6 11 15 . STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 11 18 12 24 . 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . 12 0 . If ZD is not provided. IY 2953. All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 3 38 0. 0 4 0 0 24 . 3 TO 10 PR YD 12.0 IZ 5788. YD and ZD stand for depth and width.

4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1. so these will not be re-calculated.0 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN . are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. Clause 10.1 of ACI 318-99 offers some guidelines on the amount of reduction to be applied on the gross section moment of inertia for beams. Poisson’s ratio. All properties required for the analysis. such as. 69 . CONSTANT E 3150. etc. LOAD 1 (1. columns. the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards. For this particular example. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis. IY. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided. moments of inertia (IZ. SELF Y -1. Moments of Inertia.4DL + 1.15 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). The IX. Length unit is changed from INCH to FT to facilitate input for DENsity.4 factor. etc. Area.7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.11. Since global Y is vertically upward. walls and slabs to account for cracking. Density.Example Problem 8 circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports.

PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT command. REPEAT LOAD 1 0.7LL + 1. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.1 Load 1 contains member loads also. .5 11 FZ 20.75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. multiply them with a factor of 0. JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction. LOAD 2 .5 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.7WL) Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title.75 (1.4DL + 1.8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5.Part I . Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction.75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2. The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated.0 10 FZ 8.0 12 FZ 16.Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2.

MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the #11 bar. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure. CODE ACI TRACK 1. END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design. shear and torsion. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending. The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information that should appear in the output.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 11 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands. These parameters are described in the manual where American concrete design related information is available.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 71 . Design is performed per the ACI 318 Code.Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design.

5 18 0 24 . 36. 9. 14 38 24 0 . 13.1/ 40263.4DL + 1. 18.0 10 FZ 8. 27. 30. 43. 42.0 ZD 12.0 IZ 864. 16. 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . 3 TO 10 PR YD 12.15 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1.7LL) SELF Y -1.1 MB 44. 3 2 8 . 7. 15.5 11 FZ 20. 2. 4. 14.4DL + 1.75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8.1 LOAD 2 .75(1. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 . 19 9 12 20 13 15 . 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. 18 8 11 .0 ZD 16. 28. 22.0 IZ 509. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 6. 38. 7 3 9 . 6 11 15 .0 IZ 5788. IY 864. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11.4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2. 23. 26. 34.7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0. 10 12 16 .Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 40. 29. 11 18 12 24 . ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN . 17. 33. 21. 12. 3 38 0. 25.7LL + 1. 16 15 16 17 7 10 . IX 6497. Intl. 35.5 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 5/ 30 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 3. 39.Part I . 2 4 10 . IY 2953. 15 13 14 . 24. 37. IX 1018. 10. 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 .0 12 FZ 16. 41. IX 1279. 31.8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5. 4 8 13 5 5 11 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 . 32. 8 9 14 9 6 12 . 0 4 0 0 24 . DISK SPACE = 12.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. IY 509. 5. 8 18 12 0 . 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 . 2 18 0 0 . PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 6 60 . 19. 20. 8. 21 14 16 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. CONSTANT E 3150.

FC .03 -0.14 inch^4 2 1 + 6-1/8 4-NUM.KIP FEET MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 68.67 -14.41 3.23 83.61 -0.00 0.66 73. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 43.0214 ROWMN=0.06 0.63 0.88 6 12 6 12 170.92 6.10 0 + 2-5/8 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 191.92 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 45.33 0.49 -3.07 -0.00 0.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT.53 INCH | | REQD.77 82. CODE ACI 1999 47.40 24.62 INCH | | REQD. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21.0184.01 2.80 227.72 -168. ROWMX=0.09 9.67 0.69 5.67 FT.80 371.22 84.00/ 2.00 0.00 0.73 0.83 89.00 0.00 0.11 0 + 0-0/0 16 + 2-0/0 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 371.21 0. TRACK 1.76 78.55 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 4265.74 -0.01 -1.83 -0.67 14.14 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 8050.89 2.54 83.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.26 63.08 0.54 105.67 0. ROW=0.83 0.89 -0.00 1.01 -106.70 0.6 15 + 2-1/4 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 106. FT.03 -66. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.27 -17. FT.61 -0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.00 FT.09 -3.60000.19 KIP-FT AT 20.66 -15.59 8. SIZE . IN.23 -4.09 4. ROWMX=0.00 FT.71 7.90 5.19 279.00/ 2.98 11 12 11 12 -9.81 0.84 15.0 MEMB 14 48.75/ 5.01 KIP-FT AT 0.78 -53.00/ 1. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 ===================================================================== BEAM NO.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.63 -13.06 -0.30 -4.03 -0.45 -3.84 inch^4 73 .05 54. FY .0 MEMB 16 49.0214 ROWMN=0.33 14.22 4.0214 ROWMN=0.4000.00 0. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 80.38 IN2.79 37.14 70.00 -8.08 0.50 IN2.82 -69.16.31 IN2. START CONCRETE DESIGN 46.77 inch^4 3 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM. MAXMAIN 11 ALL 50.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640. ROWMX=0.54/10.07 1.01 0. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 2-NUM.20 139.63 -1. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 5.62 -0.22 -10.17 2.73 -14.37 62.78 5. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2.00 0.21 -0.32 -286.73 INCH | | REQD.77 5 11 5 11 289.00FT. ROW=0.20 -25.45 2.59 41. ROW=0.51 -225.31 KIP-FT AT 11.98 -5.11 -137. TRACK 2.0085.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 LEN - 20.00 0. IN.00 -0.82/ 3.71 97.17 -0.70 -6. 14 DESIGN RESULTS .46 -92.47 -31.09 -7.75 -77.00 X 21.41 -0. IN.50 15 16 15 16 13.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.04 52.40 92.78 -0.63 10.78 -2.45 -4.48 0.72 41.12 -6.92 0.00 0.0044.

37 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2438. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.Part I .0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10. C/C FOR 102.0154.75 inch^4 .TO |194.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.00 FT.00/ 1.TO 240. C/C FOR 102. |3. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.50 IN2.14 IN2.50/ 2.0214 ROWMN=0. FT.0038.46 KIP-FT AT 0. 20.95 KIP Tu= 0.0214 ROWMN=0. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.30 INCH | | REQD. IN. ROW=0. ROW=0. |0. 16 DESIGN RESULTS . | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |==========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | ooo | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO.75/ 5. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 3-NUM.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640.6 0 + 0-0/0 2 + 3-3/4 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 105. FT.Vu= 57. PROVIDE NUM.11 KIP Vs= 31.0043. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 4. | | 16#4 C/C 7 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 2#10H | 3. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 7.84 inch^4 3 1 + 6-1/2 6-NUM. ___ 11J____________________ 240. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.11 KIP Vs= 62. | | | | | | | | | 3#6 H 18.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6. ROWMX=0.60000. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S . IN. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1. IN.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6.00 inch^4 2 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM.80 KIP Tu= 0.39 KIP-FT AT 10.X 16.00/ 1. IN.4 17 + 7-1/2 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 92. PROVIDE NUM.11 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 320. ROW=0.30 INCH | | REQD.4000. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 53. IN.82/ 5.43 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 6625.Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 B E A M N O.72 KIP Vc= 36. AT END SUPPORT .00FT.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT .FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY .X 21_____________________ 12J____ | | ||=========================================================================|| | 4#11H |18.62 INCH | | REQD.21 KIP Vc= 36.2 IN.16. SIZE .76 KIP-FT AT 20.TO |240.|182.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.00 FT.Vu= 84.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION. ROWMX=0.0214 ROWMN=0. ROWMX=0.30 IN2.4 IN. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 12. FC .00/ 2.00 FT.00 X 21.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT.

4 IN.33 20.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.00/ 23.33 5. 6#4 H 18.Example Problem 8 REQUIRED REINF.33 10.90/ 218.33 15.248/ 4.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT .000 0. C/C FOR 102.Vu= 70.67 3.00 16.76 LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 R E S U L T S . PROVIDE NUM.00 0.000 0.000 0. 1.21 KIP Vs= 13. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.80/ 275.000 0. ___ 15J____________________ 240.18/ 34.53 KIP Tu= 0.000 1.60 KIP Vc= 69. | | 12#4 C/C 9 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 3#11H | 3. AT END SUPPORT .46 0. C/C FOR 102.39/ 309.000 0.TO 240.158 MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KIP-FEET) 0.4 IN.00 0.000 0.00 92.000 0.000/ B E A M N O.00 0.00 11.X 21_____________________ 16J____ | | ||======= =========|| | 3#6|H |18.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.323 0. | | | | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | ooo | | | | | | | | oooooo | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | 6#4 | | | | | | | | | | | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 51.745/ 2.69/ 138.34/ 271.67 8.00 0.00 0.X 16.66/ 307.00 1. IN.000 0. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.67 18.21 KIP Vs= 15.00 0.00 0.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.282/ 3.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.71/ 212. 0.419/ 0.00 0.00 0.TO 240.67 13.02 KIP Tu= 0. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 75 . 212.00 0.289/ 1.37/ 0.Vu= 71.33 KIP Vc= 69.000 0.000 0. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.885/ 1. INCH) 0. IN.00 6.644/ 2.TO 28.00 0.68/ 320.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.793/ 3. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.679/ 4. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) (FEET) (SQ. 0.000/ 0. PROVIDE NUM.455/ 4.00/ 16 D E S I G N 105.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.758/ 0.78/ 129.

4000 PSI.00 INCHES.AXIAL + BENDING FY . IN.015 3 SPACING 2 END 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. TIED BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 52.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.NUMBER 5 (EQUALLY SPACED) TIE BAR NUMBER 3.co.581 SQ.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 INCHES DIAMETER AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 3.NUMBER 7 5.60000 FC .Part I . LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 . LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------11 . TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 6.AXIAL + BENDING FY . FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.12.4000 PSI. IN.reiusa.700 8. CIRC SIZE 12.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co. 2 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .net * ************************************************************ .Pro.Application Examples 76 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO. END CONCRETE DESIGN 53.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 X 12.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.000 2 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 8.com * * Europe support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.189 SQ.60000 FC . 5 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 . SQRE SIZE .00 IN STA 0.00 IN ==================================================================== COLUMN NO.

Example Problem 8 NOTES 77 .

Part I .Application Examples 78 Example Problem 8 NOTES .

Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. Concrete design of an element is performed. 79 . 9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates). The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall.

Part I .25 20 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands. Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described. 5 35 36 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3.75 0 36 20 11. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 . UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above. 8 37 38 . MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . Y and Z axes. JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 .75 20 39 20 11. The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines.25 0 37 20 3. 9 38 39 .Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 2 2 11 3 3 34 . STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. The second line forms the title to identify this project. 4 34 35 . 6 36 18 7 4 37 .

39 27 28 . 34 15 16 . 35 16 17 . 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands. 30 23 24 . 28 14 18 29 18 23 .Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined. 38 26 27 . 27 13 14 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 . Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. In this case. For some members. 26 12 13 . the points describe the outer edges of a slab and that of a shear wall. 31 24 25 . Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. In other cases. Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements. 36 17 22 37 22 26 . STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized. GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 81 .

ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. For example. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported. B. C and D with 4 elements along the side AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 1 Kip/sq. the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A.5 ft thick. Length units are changed to inches to facilitate the above input.Part I . UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT.5 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 0.ft.Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the superelement profiles. intensity on elements 41 to 72. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1. The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis. . MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 1 ft depth and 1 ft width.

START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform a linear elastic analysis is specified above.9 times load case 1 and 1.3 Load 3 is a combination of 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.9 2 1.3 times load case 2. Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY.Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -20. 83 . Design is done according to the ACI 318 code. 22 and 33. FINI The STAAD run is terminated. 22 FZ -100. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3.

30 23 24 . 16. 36. 24. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . 17. 31 24 25 . 6. 39 27 28 . 35. 58. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 29. 34 15 16 . 23. 60. 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 22. 45. 10.25 0 37 20 3. 44. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 42. 2. 18. 50. 32. 13. 48. 4 34 35 .75 0 36 20 11. 31. 26. 26 12 13 . 25. 38 26 27 . 37. 28. 4. 12. 11. 8. 62. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. 2 2 11 3 3 34 .0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD . 40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. 19.25 20 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 35 16 17 . 55. Intl. 33. 30. 57. 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 . 43. 9.Part I . 51. 27.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 21. 40.75 20 39 20 11. 56. 3. 49. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND * FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . 53. 38. 54. 46. 5. 5 35 36 . 39. 41.5 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1. 9 38 39 . 14. 20. 61. 7. 27 13 14 . 59.Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 52. 15. 47. 8 37 38 . 63. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . 34.

54 -80. 68.00 -75.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 65/ 12/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.03 -0.21 0.07 -0.72 -22.68 SMIN= -370.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 31 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.72 331.07 0.00 0. 11 33 FZ -20.40 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX 0.00 0.76 -72.01 0. 22 FZ -100.00 0.00 45.9 2 1.52 0.54 74. 65.83 -1.63 366.28 54.72 -11.09 -8.99 -18.41 20.99 51.97 11.75 -0.56 -38.56 -0.24 TMAX= SMIN= 241.0 18.03 75.00 0.01 0.16 82.23 3.Example Problem 9 64.00 0.21 9.08 370.40 SMIN= -336.15 -40.24 -239.41 -57.60 327.61 11.5 ANGLE= ANGLE= 85 .45 -11.97 48.65 0.68 1.27 -11. LOAD LIST 1 3 70.19 366.59 -266.35 42.KIP FEET MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0.41 -57. 67.00 0.08 -25.7 20.08 57.54 326.4 1.09 8.29 160.07 234.75 5. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= 3 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT 1.72 0.08 22.65 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.09 8.69 45.18 -1.53 -10. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.41 0.28 -48.54 73.69 -45.90 -0.90 11.97 234.82 336.84 -1.41 -10. DISK SPACE = 12.45 -13.01 -0.18 -45.81 TMAX= 0.61 82.18 0.54 74.68 1.15 40.45 -5.01 -0.6/ 40263.15 40.94 ANGLE= -13.00 0.77 82.53 10.61 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 72.53 -10. 66.72 -11.27 13.59 TMAX= SMIN= 264.51 51.03 0.62 38.34 -2.70 22.28 54.92 345.54 73.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.09 -8.09 13.21 25.15 -40.18 0.53 10.28 -48.00 -9.78 326.98 ANGLE= 50.21 -9.03 57.18 0.47 293.00 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY -14.53 299.61 82. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 9.00 0.12 12.16 0.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.92 77.29 20.0 MB 6 390 69.

jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. / 0 0.197746E+01 47 1 3.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. START CONCRETE DESIGN 74.666784E+02 -3.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 9 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.705869E+02 PLATE NO.705869E+02 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 73.851 14.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. REINF (SQ.130 0.Part I .Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. 47 47 CASE NO. END CONCRETE DESIGN 77.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 BOTT: 0.IN/FT) MOM-Y /LOAD (K-FT/FT) .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.IN/FT) MOM-X /LOAD (K-FT/FT) 47 TOP : Longitudinal direction 47 TOP : Transverse direction 47 TOP : 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.562 11.00 / / 1 0.130 0.60 TRANS.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. 1 1 5. CODE ACI 75.Only minimum steel required.Only minimum steel required.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.310845E+02 47 1 3.83 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN*************************** 76. .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.reiusa. REINF (SQ.co. DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY ---------------------ELEMENT LONG.net * ************************************************************ .

Example Problem 9 NOTES 87 .

Part I .Application Examples 88 Example Problem 9 NOTES .

Example Problem 10 Example Problem No. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. Tank Model Deflected Shape 89 .

The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. REPEAT 2 5. Joint number followed by X. -5.Part I . This is followed by X. 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 0. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates. 0. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 20. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out. This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 0. 0. REPEAT 4 0. REPEAT 3 0. UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 0. REPEAT 4 -5. 0. 0. 0. 83 5. 0. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 5. REPEAT 4 5. 15. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 . 5 0.Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 0. Y and Z coordinate increments. 0. 0. 81 5. 5.

11.Example Problem 10 76 77 78 79 80 86 16 87 88 89 89 21 26 31 36 46 26 31 36 41 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 8.0 inches THick. 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2. 6. This is explained in detail in Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments. 91 . The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3. etc. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. No moments will be carried by these supports. CONSTANTS E 3000. UNIT INCHES ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 8. up to 76. UNIT FT LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1.

Part I - Application Examples

92

Example Problem 10

1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
Load case 1 is initiated. It consists of element loads in the form of
uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis on several
elements.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
UNIT INCHES
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65
The joint displacement values for the listed nodes will be reported
in the output file as a result of the above command.
PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
Two types of results are requested for elements. The first one
requests the nodal point forces in the global axes directions to be
reported for elements 13 and 16. The second one requests element
centroid stresses in the element local axes directions to be reported
for elements 9 and 12. These results will appear in a tabular form
in the output file.
START CONCRETE DESIGN
The above command initiates concrete design.
CODE ACI
DESIGN SLAB 9 12
Slabs (i.e. elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the
reinforcement requirements obtained. In STAAD, elements are
typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of
the element.
END CONCRETE DESIGN
Terminates the concrete design operation.

Example Problem 10

FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

93

Part I - Application Examples

94

Example Problem 10
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STAAD.Pro
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK STRUCTURE
UNITS FEET KIPS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. 0. 5 0. 20. 0.
REPEAT 4 5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 4 0. 0. 5.
REPEAT 4 -5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 3 0. 0. -5.
81 5. 0. 5. 83 5. 0. 15.
REPEAT 2 5. 0. 0.
ELEMENT INCIDENCES
1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1
REPEAT 14 4 5
61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1
65 1 6 81 76
66 76 81 82 71
67 71 82 83 66
68 66 83 56 61
69 6 11 84 81
70 81 84 85 82
71 82 85 86 83
72 83 86 51 56
73 11 16 87 84
74 84 87 88 85
75 85 88 89 86
76 86 89 46 51
77 16 21 26 87
78 87 26 31 88
79 88 31 36 89
80 89 36 41 46
UNIT INCHES
ELEMENT PROPERTIES
1 TO 80 TH 8.0
CONSTANTS
E 3000. ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORT
1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED
UNIT FT
LOAD 1
ELEMENT LOAD
4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1.
3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2.
2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3.
1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
-----------------------------------

NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
89/
80/
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
80/
17/
108 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
58 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
13.0/ 40263.8 MB

47. UNIT INCHES
48. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65

25
534

Example Problem 10
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
-----------------JOINT

LOAD

5
25
45
65

X-TRANS

1
1
1
1

Y-TRANS

-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401
-0.00401

0.00025
0.00025
0.00025
0.00025

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS

X-ROTAN

-0.00401
-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401

0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021
-0.00021

Y-ROTAN
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

Z-ROTAN
-0.00021
0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
49. PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
ELEMENT FORCES
--------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

GLOBAL CORNER FORCES
JOINT
FX
FY

16
17
22
21

FZ

MX

MY

MZ

ELE.NO.
13 FOR LOAD CASE
1
-2.3394E+01 -1.8177E+01 -3.6992E+00 -1.2206E+02 2.3406E+02 1.3494E+02
-7.8087E+00 -1.4952E+01 -1.7358E+01 -6.9992E+01 -2.7701E+01 -2.2052E+02
4.0938E+01 5.9769E+00 1.8117E+01 -1.5118E+02 5.5766E+02 2.6685E+02
-9.7352E+00 2.7152E+01 2.9396E+00 2.9766E+02 4.9940E+02 -1.8126E+02

ELE.NO.
16 FOR LOAD CASE
1
19 -3.7545E+01 3.4661E+00 -2.8314E+01 -2.3962E+02
20 -3.6485E+01 5.3807E-01 -2.7070E+01 2.5526E+02
25 3.2481E+01 1.2152E-06 2.6231E+01 -4.9113E+02
24 4.1549E+01 -4.0042E+00 2.9153E+01 5.2581E+02

1.9504E+02 2.4379E+02
2.1809E+02 -4.0256E+02
1.4410E+03 4.9113E+02
1.4689E+03 -3.3236E+02

50. PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
ELEMENT STRESSES
----------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT

LOAD

SQX
VONT
TRESCAT

1

0.15
1.32
1.53
0.82
0.72

0.01
1.18
1.36
SMIN=
SMIN=

-0.02
2.05
2.05
2.04
0.01

-0.04
1.72
1.72
SMIN=
SMIN=

9

TOP :
BOTT:
12

SMAX=
SMAX=
1

TOP :
BOTT:

SMAX=
SMAX=

SQY
VONB
TRESCAB

MX
SX

MY
SY

MXY
SXY

-5.45
0.02

5.60
0.08

5.38
0.03

-0.71
-0.64

TMAX=
TMAX=

-0.09
0.00
-0.01
-1.72

TMAX=
TMAX=

0.76
0.68

ANGLE= -22.1
ANGLE= -22.2

20.05
0.16
1.03
0.86

-0.22
-0.01
ANGLE=
ANGLE=

0.8
0.5

**** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES ****
MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
PRINCIPAL
PRINCIPAL
SHEAR
VONMISES
TRESCA
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
2.044089E+00 -1.715872E+00
PLATE NO.
12
12
CASE NO.
1
1

1.027224E+00
12
1

2.049288E+00
12
1

********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES********************

51. START CONCRETE DESIGN

2.054448E+00
12
1

95

Part I - Application Examples

96

Example Problem 10
52. CODE ACI
53. DESIGN SLAB 9 12
ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY
---------------------ELEMENT

LONG. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-X /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

9 TOP : Longitudinal direction
9 BOTT: Transverse direction
9 TOP :
0.173
0.00
BOTT:
0.176
5.45
12
12
12
12

TRANS. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-Y /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

- Only minimum steel required.
- Only minimum steel required.
/
0
0.196
5.60 /
/
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

TOP : Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Transverse direction
- Only minimum steel required.
TOP :
0.173
0.00 /
0
0.749
20.05 /
BOTT:
0.173
0.09 /
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN***************************
54. END CONCRETE DESIGN
55. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

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Example Problem 10

NOTES

97

Part I - Application Examples

98

Example Problem 10

NOTES

0 1. 5 6 6 3 4 10' 5.Example Problem 11 Example Problem No.5 k 5. The combined results are then used for steel design. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. 11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.0 k k/ft 3 4 5 1 10' 2 1 2 20' 99 .5 k 7.

4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 . in this case. UNIT FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. zeros. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. Since this is a plane structure. the Z coordinates are all the same. Semicolon signs (.Part I . 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 4 4 6 5 3 4 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table. The word ST stands for standard single section.Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 6 20 20 0 Joint number followed by X. 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 . STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. 3 3 5 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 2 2 4 .

0 14. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.5 Load 1 contains member loads also and they are applied on members 5 and 6. The factor of –1. Without the above command. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0.0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y. hence downwards. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y 101 .000283 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity).0 5 6 UNI Y -1. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input.0 5 CON GY -5.Example Problem 11 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.5 10. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line.0 5 CON GY -7. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above. this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. Prior to this.0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case.0 6. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. the length unit is changed to FEET for specifying distributed member loads.

GX and GY indicate that the load. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. In a SPACE frame. Internally.0 14.0 5 CON GX 7. Also. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5. the direction (X.0 6. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1.0 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads. only X and Y directions need to be considered.0 6. Z etc. In a PLANE frame. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign).0 5 CON GY 5.0 5 CON GX 5.0 5 CON GY 5. Y. GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.Part I .5 10. This will be a dynamic load case.0 5 CON GY 7. The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix.5 10. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title. and hence the . SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 14. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 direction while Y indicates local Y direction. the program converts these loads to masses. Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating.

That is what is being done above. Load combination case no. to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative. etc.80 0. The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines.75.95 . The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations.00 .Example Problem 11 resulting mass.80 . 0. the result is factored by 0. Consequently. 10ft and 14ft from the start of member 5. and 5 kips are located at 6ft. it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases.75 2 0.75 In a response spectrum analysis. the spectrum data is given as period vs. 7. the sign of the forces cannot be determined.0 ACC DAMP 0. Damping ratio of 0. acceleration. 103 .0 1.75 2 -0.03 1. Load combination case no. 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2).1 1. LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.5. is capable of vibration along the global X and Y directions.60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method. SPECTRUM CQC X 1.05 1.5 2.2 are used.2 2. 0.).05 (5%) and a scale factor of 32. 4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2). Concentrated forces of 5. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1.05 SCALE 32. and hence are absolute numbers. Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement).75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. ABS method.35 0.0. 1. The word CON stands for concentrated load. In both cases.2 0.

Part I . The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements.Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1. . LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the American Code. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations. reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

5 10.2 0. 3 3 5 . 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 .5 10.0 1. 23.000283 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 *LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 35. 39.Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 6. 30. 10. 4. 15.0 6. 16. Intl.2 2.0 5 CON GX 7.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5. 6 20 20 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 13. 36. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . 8.0 SPECTRUM CQC X 1.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5.95 . 28. 25. 0.75 2 0. 45.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.05 1.5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD.0/ 40263. 49.0 14. 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 .75 2 -0.0 14.0 5 CON GY 5. 20. 26.0 5 CON GY -5. 22. 27. 17. 29. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. 48. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1. 40. 7.5 10. 24. 21. 47. 46. 11. 32. 12.03 1. 38. 2.0 6. 37.05 SCALE 32. 43.0 5 CON GY -7. 51.80 . 14.0 14. 44.0 5 CON GX 5. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .5 2. 9. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3.7 MB 2 12 105 .0 5 6 UNI Y -1.35 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 31. 19. 50.0 ACC DAMP 0. 18. 34. 2 2 4 . 42. 33. 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.0 5 CON GY 5. 0.0 6.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0.60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.0 5 CON GY 7.80 0.1 1. 5. 1.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 .0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 41.

35 0.606E-03 -7.000E+00 0.Part I .63 0.000E+00 0.00 --------------------------55.00000 -0.008538E+01 2.000E+00 0.488 16.00 0.000E+00 0.00 0.00000 0.606E-03 -2.00 55.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.000 0.00 .465498E-05 -2.00000 0.02095 3.008528E+01 3.000E+00 0. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.67341 1.00000 0.00000 0.00516 -0.00780 0.00 0.17 0.00000 0.135E-03 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 3 PERIOD(SEC) 47.000E+00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.952E-13 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00000 0.00000 0.000000E+00 KIPS 0.463E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.00780 -0.00000 0.724 ACCURACY 0.05000 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.83 1.834 99.00000 0.00000 0.404E-10 3.63 0.08809 -0.00 0.000E+00 0.000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.008538E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -9.988866E-34 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.00000 1.000E+00 0.00308 -0. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.05000 0.63 0.00000 0.000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL 0.000000E+00 KIPS 0.000E+00 0.00 55.98 0.135E-03 -7. To use these frequencies.06140 7.348E-03 -3.00000 0.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KIPS SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KIPS -----------------X Y Z 55.348E-03 -1.00 98.457E-03 -1.80226 1.00 0.00 0. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 2.00308 0.00361 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.67341 0.000E+00 0.457E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.00000 1.00516 0.288 ACCURACY 0.63 0.48795 DAMPING ------0.000E+00 0.08809 1.000E+00 0.22280 0.00000 0.00000 0. These are for information only and will not be used.000E+00 0.000E+00 -2.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.008538E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 2.999 0.000E+00 -3.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.Application Examples 106 Example Problem 11 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 8 2 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 4.00 55.00361 -0.

00000 0.94394 1.00000 0.00 0.35 116.00 0.01251 -0.00248 0.00 0.44 -4.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00284 0.00000 0.00000 0.01729 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 40.02303 0.81 24.34 -8.00 0.30 64.00000 0.35 131.46030 -1.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00397 -0.00029 MOM Z -14.73 14.00 0.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 -44.00 0.92 0.00674 0.84 2.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.40 2.00 0.00000 0.00150 1.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.28 2.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.81 27.00000 0.01251 -0.00 0.00 0.28 -17.00 0.00000 0.75 10.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.99 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 107 .00 0.88 -31.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.45561 -1.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.30898 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.29 161.36 19.44 0.Example Problem 11 52.00000 0.01729 -0.00831 -0.00000 0.29 31.00 -14.00000 0.35 -8.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.06 40.00029 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00302 -0.00397 0.00246 0.00 0.28 40.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 4.00000 0.81 17.00701 -0.30 -64.21 14.00 0.73 -111.00000 0.00651 0.00248 0.11 -50.46030 0.00000 0.61 0.02370 0.88 14.00 0.00302 -0.98286 0.98061 -0.02370 0.84 8.88 14.45 -4.00 0.28 -17.00 0.00 0.00000 0.21 -39.00000 0.01706 0.73 -110.00 0.44 -24.00000 0.16 -35.00 0.00313 1.00 -13.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.10 2.40 2.40 13.00701 -0.00313 1.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.35 116.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.56 4.35 110.56 -4.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.56 27.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00599 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.21 14.00150 1.00 14.00651 0.00000 0.98286 -0.06 40.44 -24.81 24.30 161.00000 0.00 0.00 0.28 0.00000 0.94394 1.45561 -0.28 -24.00 0.00 0.81 17.00000 0.00 0.00 0.70 -19.56 27.12 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 15.00000 0.79 131.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.61 40.00000 0.56 27.92 8.34 4.00674 -0.29 -31.06 14.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 0.29 161.00 0.00000 0.00599 -0.00 0.45 4.30898 0.00000 -0.00000 0.59 -9.00 0.21 -39.00 0.73 -15.00 0.00000 0.44 -17.12 -131.07 -110.00000 0.28 -44.00000 0.73 111.00 0.00 0.07 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 40.06 14.00 0.36 19.00000 0.00 0.44 24.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00284 0.00 0.00000 -0.00 0.00 0.28 -4.00 0.31 -15.00 0.00 0.00246 0.70 19.00 0.00000 0.00 0.81 27.00 0.70 -19.00 0.61 -40.28 17.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.30 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.61 -40.98061 0.01706 0.02303 -0.30 -131.00 0.00 0.30 161.00000 0.06 40.70 19.00000 0.79 110.00 0.06 40.00 0.56 27.00 0.00831 -0.00 0.00 0.54 23.

00 0.63 C (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.15 11.84 2.00 0.63 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .28 8.88 50.21 24.54 23.63 15.00 -131.00 0.00 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 15.00 0.28 2.00 0.84 -8.58 115.00 44.55 26.59 -9.46 115.40 15.00 0.00 0.00 3 0.00 0.00 0.34 9.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.899 0.00 -13.84 0.00 0.00 0.75 10.00 0.00 4 10.00 0.00 50.77 9.00 0.00 0.10 -44.10 23.35 C 4 ST W12X26 5 ST W14X61 6 ST W8X35 PASS 9.00 0.91 -29.00 0.H1-3 0.21 3.99 4 0. 56.00 0.28 29.31 15.21 T PASS 6.88 23.34 0.H1-2 0.00 0.76 9.21 -3.942 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H2-1 0.99 31.00 0.77 26.00 0.00 -3.45 9.46 143.H1-3 0.00 0.61 C 2 ST W21X48 PASS 40.966 0.99 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL STAAD.00 0.00 0.28 4.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.76 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -50.11 50.35 8.91 -143.40 2.92 -8.40 2.75 C PASS 3.63 -6.16 -50.63 -6.KIPS FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W21X48 PASS 19.70 C 3 ST W12X30 PASS 13.833 0.00 0.16 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 .00 0.88 35.00 143.16 15.00 0.40 13.00 0.28 0.872 0.992 0.00 131. 54.00 0.H1-3 0.58 -75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 10.00 0.28 44.34 -4.10 2.84 -8.00 0.00 0.28 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.73 -15.00 0.00 0.15 24.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. 55.39 13.00 0.00 0.40 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 0.00 6.21 3.00 0.00 3 0.00 0.99 -15.00 0.45 0.00 75.Part I .73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.55 11.34 13.39 2.92 4.00 0.00 0.28 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 8.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 44.00 0.H1-3 0.

THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. UPDATE PROPERTIES.Example Problem 11 57. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. PRESS RESULTS.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * Europe support@reel. THEN FILE SAVE.reiusa.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * ************************************************************ 109 . FROM THE UPPER MENU.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro.

Part I .Application Examples 110 Example Problem 11 NOTES .

The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. During this process. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. To avoid looking into a lot of output.Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. 5' X 3 41 42 Z 30' 111 . the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load.

The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members. With the repeat (R) command. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member number increment and joint number increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively.Part I . The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis. The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60. the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X. The first line generates joints 1 through 6. Y and Z increments of 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 Joint number followed by X. the Y coordinates are given as all zeros. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.0 & 30 respectively. Since this is a floor structure.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. .

10. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit.Example Problem 12 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 Member properties are assigned from the American AISC table for all members. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck. LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from FT to INCH. 113 . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces.283E-3 ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). that is. 5. UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction. 3 axles ( 20 20 10) are specified with the LOAD command. WIDTH 10. DISTANCE 10. The word ST stands for standard single section. The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in FEET and KIP units. UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. such as a truck. 20.

ZI 10. Thus. it would required 165/15+1 = 12 cases to be generated. and 10 cases generated. The Z Increment of 10ft denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 10ft apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases.5 0.31.Application Examples 114 Example Problem 12 SELF Y -1. the X. that comes to (10+5) + 150 = 165 feet. The last load case should be the one for which the last axle is just about to exit the bridge. The basis for determining the number of load cases to generate is as follows: As seen in Section 5. For the first of these load cases.0 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1. The first load case which is generated will be the one for which the first axle is just about to enter the bridge. As this example is for demonstration purposes only. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5.1 of the Technical Reference manual.1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1.31. . 0. This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation.0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1. If we want the vehicle to move forward in 15 feet increments (each 15 foot increment will create a discrete position of the truck on the bridge).Part I . LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7. 10 ft increments have been used. 10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier. the reference wheel is on the last axle. In this problem. the total distance travelled by the reference load will be the length of the vehicle (distance from first axle to last axle) plus the span of the bridge.

PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file. 115 . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Example Problem 12 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases.

2. 5.00 15.000 -10.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.7 MB. 20.283E-3 ALL UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. 18. 22. 14.0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7. 23.278 KIP LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD . PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 6/ 21 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11. DISTANCE 10. 3. 11. DISK SPACE = 12.00 LIN1 LIN2 . Intl. 15. 7.00 15. 19.UNIT KIP MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -20. 5. 10. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. 27.2/ 3143. 12. 13. 0. 8. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 25. 10.Part I . 24.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2. 26.00 10.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 27.00 15. 4.50 2. 16.50 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.000 -20.000 -5.000 -5. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. 20. EXMEM = 568. ZI 10.000 -10.Application Examples 116 Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17.000 -10.00 10. WIDTH 10. 9.00 15.00 10. 21.000 -5.000 -5. 6.000 -10.5 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 96 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 3 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.

00 25.00 25.00 10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.00 20.000 -10.000 -10.00 2.00 15.000 -10.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 CON -10.00 10.00 20.000 L LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -10.00 10.00 25.000 -10.00 25.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10.00 10.000 -10.00 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -20.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.00 10.00 15.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10.00 20.00 20.00 15.50 2.50 10.000 -5.00 25.000 -10.00 15.000 -10.000 -5.00 20.000 -5.000 -10.000 -5.000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 CON -10.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 CON -20.Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 25.00 10.00 20.50 2.00 5.000 L 117 .000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.00 25.000 -10.000 -10.00 20.000 -10.000 -5.00 20.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.00 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 10.00 20.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.000 -20.000 -5.00 10.00 25.00 5.000 -10.000 -10.50 5.000 -10.00 20.000 -10.000 -20.000 -5.00 5.000 -10.000 -5.000 -5.00 10.00 20.

000 -20.00 2.50 5.00 10.000 -5.000 -10.50 2.50 2.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.00 20.000 -10.00 5.000 -10.00 10.000 -10.00 5.000 -5.000 -10.000 -5.000 -20.000 -5.000 -10.000 -10.000 -20.00 2.000 -10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.00 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -5.00 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -5.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 15.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.000 -10.00 5.000 -5.50 2.00 20.00 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -10.000 -20.000 -10.000 -5.00 20.000 -5.Application Examples 118 Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 20.000 -20.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -20.00 20.000 -5.00 25.000 -10.000 -5.00 5.00 15.00 5.00 10.00 25.000 L .UNIT KIP MEMBER 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 CON -10.000 -10.00 20.000 -10.000 -10.50 10.Part I .000 -5.000 -5.00 10.50 5.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 5.00 20.000 -5.000 -5.00 10.00 20.000 -10.000 -10.00 20.000 -10.00 10.000 -5.

97 0.00 -0.00 5 1 10 11 FX DIST 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.06 0.00 10 1 11 11 6.000 -10.00 5.00 30.00 0.00 -99.50 5.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 5.08 0.00 -373.00 5.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.net * ************************************************************ 119 .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 5. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.50 2.50 10.00 4 1 5 11 16.00 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 28.00 5 1 10 11 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 15.000 -5.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 1 1 1 11 6.000 -10.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Pro.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.000 -5.00 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 29.00 1 0.02 0.000 -5.00 1 0.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.00 -6.00 10.00 15.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.co.reiusa.00 3 1 3 11 0.33 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 1 0.80 0.00 10.00 11 0.08 0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL FEET L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -20.00 5.00 5.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KIP FEET MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN 42 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD 18.00 0.00 0.00 15.90 0.00 10.00 15.000 -5.00 5.00 30.00 0.000 -10.00 0.06 0.00 -4.co.00 0.co.Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 2.00 0.00 -109.00 30.00 5.co.000 -10.80 0.00 0.000 -20.89 0.03 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 5.00 30.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= LD **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 11 0.00 30.

Part I .Application Examples 120 Example Problem 12 NOTES .

0 k/ft 5.Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends and several intermediate points of the members. Y 3. 121 .0 k 2 2 3 1 3 1 4 X The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure. 13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example.

the Z coordinates need not be provided. The word ST stands for standard single section. material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from FT to INCH.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL In the above lines. 4 20. 0. 3 20. 15. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. . 2 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. and Y coordinates are provided above. 15. Joint number followed by X. .Part I . 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. 0. 2 2 3 . .Application Examples 122 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Semicolon signs (. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 Properties for all members are assigned from the American AISC steel table.) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Since this is a plane structure. .

* * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE * POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS).Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED . At joint 4. all three translations are restrained. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS * UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH * POINTS. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction. 123 . PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory. JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3. 4 PINNED Joint 1 is restrained for all six degrees of freedom. UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. Load 1 contains a joint load of 5 kips at node 2. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.

.Part I . * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT The above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above.Application Examples 124 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

0.00 0. 7.03 -4.39 3 1 3 4 32. 2. 28. 30. 9.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 27.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.97 -0. 4. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.00 0.00 0.2 MB 23.88 2 1 2 3 4. 22. 14. 0.00 7.37 -27. 26. 15.00 0. 21. 2 0. 18.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.00 60.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 11. 125 . EXMEM = 568. DISK SPACE = 12. 3 20. 10.00 0.49 -7. 12.3 MB. 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 22.00 0. 3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. 29. 13. 8. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .63 -32.00 0. THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH POINTS.37 32.00 0. 2 2 3 . 27.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . Intl.00 0.00 0. 20. * * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAMND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS). .39 0. 15. 25. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3. 16.03 0.88 -60. 5. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 15. 17. 4 20.97 0.03 -4. . 4 PINNED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5.Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.63 0.03 27. 19. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 6.00 0.37 0.63 4.0/ 3143. .00 0.

00 0.0000 0.co.0128 -0.0000 0.9544 1.0000 0.0000 437 0.co.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 13 31.9129 1.reiusa.0321 -0. THE LOCATION * OF THE MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.0000 0.0225 -0.0323 AT -0. 35.0000 0.0160 -0.0000 0.0000 0.2067 -1.9165 DISP = 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.1494 1.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.5474 0.3931 1.0000 0.9147 1.31688 1.0000 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X.0192 -0.0000 182 0.0027 -0. * THIS VALUE IS MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE STRAIGHT * LINE JOINING START AND END JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.3398 LOAD L/DISP= -0.1538 1.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.0000 75.Part I .7221 -1.7736 1.co.0000 90.2856 -0.1331 -0. 32.0000 214 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** 38.0010 -1.0242 -0.0000 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0000 0.0000 DISP = 0.3260 -1.9122 DISP = AT -0.9158 1.0000 0. 34.0720 2.net * ************************************************************ .9143 1. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0054 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.co.0000 120.0162 -0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.0000 0.0257 -0.Pro.0000 0. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.3903 -1.0000 0.0064 0.0000 0.1486 2.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.6316 -0.9122 2.5471 0.41111 1.9318 1.0000 0.3882 0.0385 1.0000 0.9136 1.com * * Europe support@reel.0000 0.0000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.0135 -0.2833 0.0000 0.0296 1 1.3523 -1.0822 1.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.9151 1.0269 -0.7290 1.0323 -0.3303 L/DISP= -0.0000 -0.1461 0.9890 0.6480 LOAD -0.9133 1.Y.9154 1.83895 AT 0.9162 1. 37.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.2539 0.0000 0.0289 -0.9140 1.0215 -0.0032 1 L/DISP= 0.0000 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0081 -0.0666 0.9125 LOAD 1 2.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0.0000 0. 33.0385 -0.0173 0.0000 0.0000 0.0353 -0.0188 -0.0096 -0.9082 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.0000 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. 36.0000 0.0000 0.6719 0.9165 1.0108 -0.

Example Problem 13 NOTES 127 .

Application Examples 128 Example Problem 13 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 14 Example Problem No. 49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 129 . 14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code.

Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 10 feet for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16. UNIT FEET KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. First. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 The X. the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136. Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here. Then. Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112. the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64. A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 . coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced.Part I .

032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2. the default built-in values are used. UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD. members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified.2 I 1. 131 .5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1.Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in American (AISC) steel table. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints.5 CT 0.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1.25 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads. CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants. Finally. Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor. The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands.

Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis.Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 Importance factor. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS. the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated. It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only. Vertical loads too are part of this case. LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. it is important that we add horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. In other words.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads.Part I . the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction.25 In load case 2. joint weights and/or member weights.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. . Along with the UBC load. Member weights are not shown in this example.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report in the output file of all the applied and generated loadings.5 49 TO 64 FY -1.25 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of load case number. and. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight. deadweight and other vertical loads are also added to the same load case.

Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory. 133 .

36. 52. 50. 5. 10. 35. 28. 23. 7. 29. 22. 8.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 14. 48.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 24. 27. 25. 16. 9.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 3. 41. 38. 51. 43. 32.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 13.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. 47. 6.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1. 49.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. 19. 20. Intl.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. 42. 40. 33. 44. 2. 31.25 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA . 12. 4. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.Part I . 26.Application Examples 134 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.2 I 1.5 CT 0. 18. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11. 34. 39. 15. 21.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 37. 30.25 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0.25 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. 17.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2. 45. 53. 46.

EXMEM = 568.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.3 MB.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 23 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 135 .00 0.25 -1.4/ 3143.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 14 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 16/ 14/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7500.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.000 * * C = 2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.7500.00 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** .50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 X 285.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.53 = 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.988 Tuser = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 = 17.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.50 -2.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.000 * * C = 2.252 Tuser = 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.0611 X 285.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

125 0.000 ----------0.000 0.307 0.273 0.357 0.000 0.273 0.000 0.154 0.125 0.000 ----------0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.250 0.357 0.307 0.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 20.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.273 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.357 0.000 ----------0.154 0.000 FEET 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.442 0.000 0.750 0.182 0.000 0.364 0.364 0.442 0.000 0.000 0.719 137 .182 0.307 0.000 0.250 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.307 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.357 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.125 0.000 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 1 0.000 0.442 0.442 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.000 0.456 0.182 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.154 0.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.154 0.307 0.000 0.182 0.307 0.

000 AT LEVEL 20.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.307 0.182 0.000 0.307 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.364 0.750 0.182 0.154 0.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.125 0.000 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.Part I .000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.273 0.357 0.000 0.307 0.357 0.357 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.719 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .307 0.000 0.307 0.125 0.442 0.000 0.182 0.154 0.000 0.456 0.154 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.364 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.273 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.154 0.250 0.000 0.000 FEET 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.442 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.442 0.154 0.182 0.250 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.000 0.357 0.125 0.000 0.307 0.273 0.000 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 2 0.442 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.

44 -0.01 -0.01 -0.51 17.82 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.05 -4.36 -0.00 0.11 -0.00 0.11 -0.33 5.91 0.83 -0.93 -0.01 -0.24 -0.11 -0.69 16.88 21.90 0.01 -0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.02 5.59 17.80 0.02 5.11 -0.01 -0.00 0.80 0.69 20.01 -0.33 4.00 0.62 19.01 -0.01 -4.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.05 11.37 0.38 0.33 4.33 -0.36 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.01 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.34 -0.38 0.82 0.00 0.93 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.95 20.24 0.33 -0.92 -0.33 5.11 12.83 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.76 21.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 19.38 0.10 0.01 -4.11 -0.01 -0.36 14.92 -0.25 -0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.90 0.01 -0.02 5.59 16.38 -0.00 0.01 -0.34 -0.05 -4.01 -4.83 -0.01 -4.00 0.69 22.91 0.33 -0.37 0.82 0.Example Problem 14 54.83 -0.com * * Europe support@reel.10 0.41 16.24 0.Pro.11 -0.62 17.80 0.83 0.15 0.62 0.01 -4.82 -0.02 5.co.37 -0.52 12.01 -4.95 22.05 -4.00 0.co.00 -0.80 0.76 20.33 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 55.82 -0.00 -0.01 -0.00 0.30 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.83 0.41 21.00 -0.00 0.52 21.82 -0.37 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.82 0.00 -0.51 15.24 0.15 17.00 4.02 5.10 14.00 0.05 -4.82 0.00 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.25 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.82 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -0.05 -4.31 19.05 -4.01 -4.00 0.reiusa.01 -0.33 5.82 -0.38 -0.05 16.01 -4.02 5.02 0.69 11.00 0.co.95 15.33 4.38 -0.00 0.02 5.00 0.31 17.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.01 -0.co.01 -0.30 0.net * ************************************************************ 139 .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.02 5.01 -0.05 -4.62 0.05 -4.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.44 -0.61 0.10 19.61 0.11 -0.33 5.00 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 17.88 20.

Part I .Application Examples 140 Example Problem 14 NOTES .

Example Problem 15 Example Problem No. 17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 141 . 15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.

36 19 24 . 30 13 15 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X.WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem. 34 18 21 . 31 11 16 32 17 20 . MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 . 28 12 14 . 35 21 23 . 29 10 13 . The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame. Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD.Part I . UNIT FEET KIP The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used for data to follow. Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs. 33 20 22 .Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE . Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 12 ft.

90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions. In this case. UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0.1 0. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in American (AISC) steel table. distributed loads on members. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can 143 .85 JOINT 17 20 22 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. or pressure loads on plates. the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints. the default values have been used. Three different sections have been used.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0. SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification.

This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input.1 Kips/sq. The input specification is done in two stages. . In this example. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure.0 YRANGE 11. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.Part I . and 12 to 24 ft. ft and 0.1 FLOAD -0.15 Kips/sq.9 12.9 24. 20 and 22. The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1.2 . The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command. two different wind intensities (0. In this case.0 ZRANGE 0.0 ZRANGE 0.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation.0 YRANGE 23.0 20.45 XRANGE 0.9 12.1 FLOAD -0.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 11 ft. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0. and converts them to values that can then be used as concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases. LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12 FT AND 24 FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11.0 10.85 for joints 17.13 ft.). All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. two different exposure factors are specified.Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility. is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1.25 XRANGE 10. defined previously. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification. WIND loading TYPE 1. In this case.0 21.1 FLOAD -0. In the EXPOSURE factor specification.0 20.25 . ft) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 12 ft.

The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure. XRANGE of 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system.0 ft and ZRANGE of 0. The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution. 145 .Example Problem 15 In load case 2 in this problem.45 signifies that the pressure is 0.0-10. The -0. The YRANGE. a floor load generation is performed.1 ft. XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting. ft in the negative global Y direction.9-12.0 ft. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 11.45 Kip/sq. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces and distributed forces on the members located in that region. In a floor load generation. For example. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory.0-20. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification.

27. 28. 8. 36 19 24 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD SPACE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 . 40. 4. 22. 33.0 21. 35 21 23 . 17. 18. 33 20 22 . 12. DISK SPACE = 12. 35. 19. 10. 30 13 15 . 20.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0. 50. 29. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 7 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.1 FLOAD -0.9 12. 38. 49. **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 29 10 13 .2 MB .85 JOINT 17 20 22 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. 28 12 14 . 37. 9.9 12.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 1. 47.0 ZRANGE 0. 34. 5. 23.0 20.90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. 15.0 ZRANGE 0. 46. 36.9 24.2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11. EXMEM = 568. 16. 11. Intl. 6. 25. 44. 41. 42. 39. 34 18 21 .0 10. 2. 31.1 0. 7. 3.1 MB.1 FLOAD -0.0 YRANGE 11. 14. 31 11 16 32 17 20 .Part I . 43.1/ 3143.0 YRANGE 23. 48. 30. 45.1 FLOAD -0.25 XRANGE 10. 32.45 XRANGE 0. 26. 21. 24.25 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 20. 13.

00 0.00 0.31 5.00 0.55 7.143 -1.20 8.967 -0.42 0.00 0.088 -0.00 0.93 6.00 0.07 4.00 0.318 -1.18 7.00 0.69 5.00 0.615 -0.264 -0.00 0.00 0.615 -0.00 0.967 -0.00 0.80 8.791 -0.82 3.07 4.967 -1.18 4.58 2.42 0.20 3.07 4.615 -0.45 4.45 4.318 -1.82 LIN1 LIN2 147 .00 0.69 5.93 6.00 0.80 8.143 -0.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 UDL L1 L2 CON -0.00 0.59 9.318 -1.00 0.00 0.967 -0.58 2.439 -0.31 5.42 9.10 16.00 0.088 -0.967 -1.00 0.03 9.UNIT KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 3.615 -0.00 0.18 7.318 -1.59 0.264 -0.58 0.00 0.97 1.264 -0.20 2.143 -1.439 -0.Example Problem 15 LOADING 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION ----------JOINT LOAD .97 1.03 9.10 4.55 7.00 0.58 2.791 -0.42 9.791 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 0.00 0.088 -0.00 0.42 0.615 -0.97 1.615 -0.00 0.93 6.318 -1.82 3.42 9.791 -0.00 LOADING 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT ----------MEMBER LOAD .58 0.439 -0.58 0.20 2.00 0.00 0.264 -0.45 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.439 -0.00 0.143 -0.60 8.42 0.439 -0.80 8.20 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 2.791 -0.00 0.088 -0.00 0.088 -0.55 7.00 0.088 -0.264 -0.69 5.791 -0.18 7.439 -0.31 5.791 -0.439 -0.00 0.264 -0.318 -1.615 -0.088 -0.60 7.97 1.00 0.143 -0.00 0.264 -0.00 0.03 9.82 3.967 -1.143 -1.00 0.58 2.

615 -0.42 0.439 -0.264 -0.69 5.615 -0.97 1.088 -0.967 -1.615 -0.58 0.03 9.615 -0.55 7.31 5.088 -0.264 -0.42 LIN1 LIN2 .791 -0.967 -0.967 -1.439 -0.143 -1.93 6.967 -0.93 6.791 -0.42 0.615 -0.45 4.20 2.82 3.80 8.967 -1.318 -1.07 4.82 3.31 5.42 9.20 2.791 -0.18 7.967 -0.264 -0.69 5.55 7.967 -1.31 5.69 5.55 7.615 -0.439 -0.42 0.97 1.55 7.55 7.143 -1.20 2.264 -0.58 0.07 4.03 9.143 -1.088 -0.18 7.088 -0.318 -1.088 -0.45 4.42 9.97 1.45 4.18 7.318 -1.Application Examples 148 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .143 -1.439 -0.791 -0.69 5.967 -0.18 7.088 -0.93 6.791 -0.143 -1.088 -0.58 2.615 -0.791 -0.318 -1.07 4.439 -0.143 -0.03 9.088 -0.318 -1.97 1.264 -0.20 2.58 2.82 3.80 8.93 6.318 -1.31 5.58 0.264 -0.58 2.143 -0.615 -0.42 9.58 2.791 -0.80 8.93 6.791 -0.439 -0.264 -0.69 5.07 4.07 4.143 -0.439 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.Part I .80 8.439 -0.318 -1.615 -0.31 5.439 -0.967 -1.318 -1.143 -0.58 0.42 0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 FEET L2 CON -0.03 9.143 -0.18 7.318 -1.42 9.45 4.264 -0.318 -1.82 3.45 4.791 -0.967 -0.80 8.

46 1.264 -0.177 -0.48 5.16 -0.768 -0.84 6.650 -0.21 16.768 -0.58 9.414 -0.532 -0.11 3.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.48 5.84 15.93 9.768 -0.295 -0.79 4.42 3.42 3.52 16.532 -0.886 -0.375 GY FEET L2 5.50 10.74 2.768 -0.414 -0.58 9.059 -0.295 -0.650 -0.54 4.532 -0.52 7.54 -0.532 -0.84 6.21 7.886 -0.21 6.532 -0.532 -0.03 9.74 2.26 8.11 3.177 -0.886 -0.50 4.48 5.650 -0.532 -0.295 -0.89 17.07 1.00 5.886 -0.886 -0.89 8.650 -0.46 1.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 -1.16 14.11 3.177 -0.16 5.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.059 -0.886 -0.295 -0.58 18.50 0.79 4.414 -0.26 18.46 1.11 3.414 -0.93 10.93 19.89 7.177 -0.50 CON L -0.58 8.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .295 -0.54 0.177 -0.07 1.07 1.79 4.16 5.48 5.74 2.84 5.532 -0.650 -0.00 LIN1 LIN2 149 .059 -0.177 -0.059 -0.42 3.650 -0.26 9.52 6.74 2.79 4.295 -0.768 -0.414 -0.26 9.46 1.414 -0.54 0.89 8.414 -0.07 1.768 -0.295 -0.650 -0.42 3.768 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 9.059 -0.414 -0.177 -0.52 7.375 GY -1.059 -0.295 -0.059 -0.375 GY -1.768 -0.58 0.93 10.21 7.088 -0.177 -0.650 -0.

732 -0.439 -0.537 -0.45 4.439 -0.42 0.635 -0.732 -0.342 -0.07 4.69 5.342 -0.635 -0.93 6.58 2.20 2.537 -0.244 -0.650 -0.146 -0.049 -0.42 0.146 -0.20 2.31 5.342 -0.42 9.79 4.049 -0.342 -0.69 5.03 9.244 -0.84 LIN1 LIN2 .244 -0.049 -0.439 -0.059 -0.537 -0.16 5.146 -0.82 3.11 3.58 2.635 -0.80 8.93 6.886 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.80 8.31 5.732 -0.635 -0.439 -0.58 0.42 0.886 -0.342 -0.74 2.45 4.635 -0.42 9.69 5.732 -0.42 9.732 -0.45 4.537 -0.049 -0.18 7.80 8.439 -0.97 1.146 -0.03 9.07 1.732 -0.55 7.342 -0.58 0.97 1.439 -0.414 -0.146 -0.049 -0.537 -0.93 6.177 -0.31 5.69 5.295 -0.18 7.439 -0.244 -0.97 1.18 7.049 -0.46 1.635 -0.58 2.635 -0.146 -0.93 6.244 -0.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .635 -0.42 0.244 -0.58 0.03 9.07 4.537 -0.82 3.20 2.42 9.342 -0.768 -0.146 -0.80 8.732 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 FEET L2 CON -0.244 -0.58 2.55 7.537 -0.97 1.532 -0.732 -0.537 -0.20 2.049 -0.03 9.18 7.244 -0.55 7.049 -0.42 3.48 5.31 5.07 4.45 4.58 0.82 3.439 -0.07 4.Part I .342 -0.55 7.82 3.146 -0.

532 -0.650 -0.059 -0.537 -0.768 -0.650 -0.21 7.89 7.46 1.48 5.295 -0.532 -0.059 -0.650 -0.42 9.21 6.16 5.177 -0.635 -0.74 2.80 8.42 0.74 2.46 1.146 -0.50 10.50 0.54 0.732 -0.11 3.886 -0.295 -0.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.768 -0.768 -0.532 -0.84 5.89 17.26 8.89 8.532 -0.295 -0.55 7.03 14.177 -0.52 16.146 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.414 -0.89 8.768 -0.42 3.54 4.244 -0.16 -0.414 -0.00 5.45 4.059 -0.295 -0.97 1.07 1.07 1.414 -0.58 2.375 GY -1.42 3.537 -0.52 6.21 7.82 3.177 -0.93 6.50 CON L -0.532 -0.439 -0.059 -0.00 LIN1 LIN2 151 .768 -0.635 -0.049 -0.50 4.07 4.42 3.532 -0.650 -0.20 2.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 -1.650 -0.295 -0.244 -0.79 4.886 -0.58 9.18 7.295 -0.26 9.375 GY -1.58 9.059 -0.732 -0.177 -0.650 -0.79 4.48 5.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.414 -0.48 5.93 9.11 3.07 1.84 15.768 -0.295 -0.74 2.414 -0.79 4.177 -0.26 18.54 0.16 -0.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .177 -0.46 1.768 -0.414 -0.439 -0.414 -0.059 -0.93 10.93 19.54 -0.21 16.375 GY FEET L2 5.886 -0.31 5.177 -0.342 -0.58 18.11 3.650 -0.342 -0.93 10.52 7.84 6.52 7.58 8.26 9.886 -0.532 -0.69 5.

342 -0.049 -0.537 -0.244 -0.537 -0.342 -0.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .42 0.732 -0.244 -0.42 0.342 -0.58 2.635 -0.82 3.635 -0.635 -0.69 5.244 -0.049 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 9.20 2.80 8.049 -0.07 4.80 8.537 -0.439 -0.244 -0.82 3.45 4.244 -0.93 6.20 2.732 -0.07 4.244 -0.93 6.18 7.42 9.93 6.69 5.58 0.146 -0.18 7.635 -0.439 -0.18 7.732 -0.69 5.342 -0.97 1.80 8.537 -0.31 5.45 4.42 9.049 -0.732 -0.049 -0.635 -0.439 -0.049 -0.537 -0.342 -0.Part I .635 -0.58 2.42 0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 FEET L2 CON -0.97 1.58 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ LIN2 .82 3.55 7.439 -0.439 -0.049 -0.45 4.58 2.03 9.732 -0.07 4.146 -0.31 5.732 -0.146 -0.146 -0.42 9.146 -0.537 -0.31 5.58 0.03 9.20 2.55 7.342 -0.03 9.97 1.55 7.439 -0.58 0.146 -0.

00 0.00 0.05 -16.00 0.Pro.32 38.26 -0.co.45 29.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 15 51.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.01 0.17 15.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.76 -0.03 0.15 -5.22 27. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.reiusa.25 -14.45 29.17 0.00 0.57 -0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.00 0.15 -5.00 -0.00 0.00 0.66 2.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.30 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.net * ************************************************************ 153 .03 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 -0.65 14.49 18.17 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 52.00 0.00 0.26 -0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.41 0.00 0.25 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 -7.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.66 2.01 0.01 -0.74 -6.00 0.33 66.17 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.57 -9.00 0.co.22 27.03 -0.04 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.35 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 14.41 -19.00 0.00 0.57 -0.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 154 Example Problem 15 NOTES .

member end forces and support reactions are determined. 155 .Example Problem 16 Example Problem No. The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. The maxima of the joint displacements. 16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses.

MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above.0 Joint number followed by the X. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0.5 0. and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis.Part I .0 3.0 The PRISMATIC attribute is used for assigning properties for all the members.0 IZ 240.Application Examples 156 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD.0 3 0.0 0.5 0.0 0. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame. UNITS FEET KIP Specifies the units to be used for data to follow.0 4 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL . Since this is a PLANE frame.0 7.0 0. Area of cross section "AX".0 10. SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4.0 2 0.

0 -38.721 1.0 -115.5%) for all modes. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis.001 0. First.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 157 . UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0.5 Load case 1 above is a static load case. the damping ratio is the same (7.0 -0.5 0. The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake).5 115.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2.61 2.5 0.0449 1. The first stage is defined above.2244 2. the characteristics of the time varying load are provided.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.5 -38.2244 1.0001 0.0 0.0 0.Example Problem 16 The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E".6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.5 -0.0 0. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. A uniformly distributed force of 0.5 -7. density and Poisson’s ratio. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified. Following this data.6731 2.61 1.82 2.0 DAMPING 0. In this example.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs.5 kip/ft acts along the global X direction on all 3 members.

The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history. The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights. at nodes 2 and 3. The Ground motion. The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time. namely.Part I . The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load commands. UNIT FEET PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step. acting in the global X direction.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 16 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis. FINISH . PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process. at arrival time number 1. is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1. the program calculates joint displacements for every time step. the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command. So. the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node. Following that. UNIT INCH PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure. For each degree of freedom. the Type 2 time history loading.

0 MB.5 -0.5 0.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 7.61 2. 14.0 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.2244 2.0449 1.0 0.0 0. 19. Intl. 15. 31.0 0.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0. 13. 35.5 0.0 4 0. 34. 39.0 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0. 18. 26. 21.0001 0.0 2 0. EXMEM = 568. 28. 16.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.61 1. DISK SPACE = 12.5 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. 24. 4. 10.2 MB MORE MODES WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES. 7. 3.721 1.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 9.5 -38.0 -0. 37.075 UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0. NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 6 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: SUBSPACE METHOD *** 159 . 29. 25. 6.0 10.5 0. 20. 30.0 IZ 240.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.001 0.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.0 -38.0 0. 27. 33.5 0. 12. 23.6731 2.0/ 3143.82 2.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3.5 -7. 36. 32. 17.0 DAMPING 0.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 3 0. 8. 38.5 115. 22. 11.2244 1. 2.0 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0 -115.0 0. 5.

00038 0.Application Examples 160 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1 2 3 4 14.00050 -0.387 945.00000 0.00103 0.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.00 0.00000 0.000 100.00000 0.00000 Y-TRANS 0.02632 0.00000 0.105E-09 2.000 100.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.559 56.000 100.00 0.00000 0.000000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.000 0.00000 0.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.000000E+00 0.00 0.00075 -0.Part I .00000 0. UNIT INCH 41.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= FEET -2.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.347E-16 1.006944 Y= 0.00 0.00000 0.00 100.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.623 1637.01773 0.00100.00061 ACCURACY 4.000 0.00 0.604E-08 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100.00000 0.06869 0.00000 0.000000 40.00000 0.00000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.000000 Z= 0. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.000 0.000 0.00000 0.03537 0.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.00038 0.00000 0.499 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1799 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00103 -0.000 0.00000 0.03537 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 240.00000 0.00075 .359E-13 4.00050 0.02632 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00106 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.00 0.00000 0.000 100.000 0.00000 0.000 100.868 0.864824E+00 2. UNIT FEET Z-ROTAN -0.00000 0.

Example Problem 16
43. PRINT MEMBER FORCES

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
2
1
2

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2.62
-0.88
1.43
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
6.12
0.00
5.01

2
3
2
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.88
0.88
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
6.12
-5.01
5.01

3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.88
2.62
-1.43
1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
0.00
-5.01
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

44. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP
----------------JOINT
1
4

FEET

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-2.62
-1.43
-2.62
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

45. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

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161

Part I - Application Examples

162

Example Problem 16

NOTES

Example Problem 17

Example Problem No. 17
The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this
example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. User
provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not
found in the built-in steel section tables.

Y
15'

15'

16
14

10

9

12

14

11

15

18
17

8

7

15

16

20

9 21

13

22

11

9'

13

12
19

8

23

10

4

15'

2

Pinned

3

5

4

6

5

1

7

6

3
20'

2

1

X

163

Part I - Application Examples

164

Example Problem 17

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE
Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. The
PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane
frame.
UNIT FT KIP
The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used for
data to follow.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. ; 2 30 0 ; 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0
7 0 35 ; 8 30 35 ; 9 7.5 35 ; 10 22.5 35.
11 15 35 ; 12 5. 38. ; 13 25 38 ; 14 10 41 ; 15 20 41
16 15 44
The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the
various joints of the structure. The cartesian system is being used
here. The data consists of the joint number followed by global X
and Y coordinates. Note that for a space frame, the Z coordinate(s)
need to be provided also. In the above input, semicolon (;) signs
are used as line separators. This allows the user to provide
multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCES
113;237;326;468;534
6 4 5 ; 7 5 6 ; 8 7 12 ; 9 12 14
10 14 16 ; 11 15 16 ; 12 13 15 ; 13 8 13
14 9 12 ; 15 9 14 ; 16 11 14 ; 17 11 15
18 10 15 ; 19 10 13 ; 20 7 9
21 9 11 ; 22 10 11 ; 23 8 10
The above data set contains the member incidence information or
the joint connectivity data for each member. This completes the
geometry of the structure.
UNIT INCH
START USER TABLE

Example Problem 17

This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table. All
user provided steel tables must start with this command.
TABLE 1
Each table needs a unique numerical identification. The above
command starts setting up Table no. 1. Upto twenty tables may be
specified per run.
WIDE FLANGE
This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE
FLANGE in this table. Note that several section-types (WIDE
FLANGE, CHANNEL, ANGLE, TEE etc.) are available for
specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual).
WFL14X30
8.85 13.84 .27 6.73 .385 291. 19.6 .38 4.0 4.1
WFL21X62
18.3 20.99 .4 8.24 .615 1330 57.5 1.83 0.84 7.0
WFL14X109
32. 14.32 .525 14.605 .86 1240 447 7.12 7.52 16.
The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide
flange sections. The data for each section consists of two parts. In
the first line, the section-name is provided. The user is allowed to
provide any section name within twelve characters. The second
line contains the section properties required for the particular
section-type. Each section-type requires a certain number of data
(area of cross-section, depth, moment of inertias etc.) provided in
a certain order. For example, in this case, for wide flanges, ten
different properties are required. For detailed information on the
various properties required for the different section-types and their
order of specification, refer to Section 5.19 in the STAAD
Technical Reference Manual. Without exception, all required
properties for the particular section-type must be provided.
TABLE 2
ANGLES
LANG25255
2.5 2.5 .3125 .489 0 0

165

Part I - Application Examples

166

Example Problem 17

LANG40404
4 4 .25 .795 0 0
The above command and data lines set up another user provided
table consisting of angle sections.
END
This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.
All user provided table related input must be terminated with this
command.
MEMBER PROPERTIES
1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109
2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 ; 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62
8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30
14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404
In the above command lines, the member properties are being
assigned from the user provided tables created earlier. The word
UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table.
This is followed by the table number and then the section name as
specified in the user provided table. The numbers 1 or 2 following
the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are
fetched.
MEMBER TRUSS
14 TO 23
The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as
truss members.
MEMBER RELEASE
5 START MZ
The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ
moment at the start joint of member no. 5.
UNIT INCH
This command resets the current length unit to inches.

Example Problem 17

CONSTANTS
E 29000. ALL
DEN 0.000283 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
BETA 90.0 MEMB 3 4
The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity,
density, Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values.
UNIT FT
The length unit is reset to feet using this command.
SUPPORT
1 FIXED ; 2 PINNED
The above command set is used to designate supports. Here, joint 1
is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a
pinned support.
LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0
JOINT LOAD
4 5 FY -15. ; 11 FY -35.
MEMB LOAD
8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.9 ; 6 UNI GY -1.2
The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the
structure. In this case, dead and live loads are provided through
load case 1. It consists of selfweight, concentrated loads at joints
4, 5 and 11, and distributed loads on members 6, and 8 to 13.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this
point.
PARAMETER
CODE AISC
BEAM 1.0 ALL
NSF 0.85 ALL

167

SELECT MEMBER 3 6 9 19 This command will perform selection of members per the AISC ASD steel design code. It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same problem. .Part I . the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. In this case. the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design. For each member.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 17 KY 1.

11 15 35 .0 WFL14X109 32. 27. 12.27 6. 32. 41. 52. 46. 55. 22 10 11 . 7.605 . MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.5 35.1 WFL21X62 18.32 . 38. 11 FY -35. 0.24 . 25. 16 11 14 . 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.5 2. 37. 15. 9 7. 2. 2 3 7 . 6. 15 20 41 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 4 6 8 . 56. 48. 14. 10.3125 . 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 .489 0 0 LANG40404 4 4 . 49. 40. .86 1240 447 7.12 7.6 . 28.Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 44. 16.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 38. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 12 13 15 .52 16. 2 30 0 . 45. 10 22. 47. 50. 54. 8 7 12 .795 0 0 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109 2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 . 9. 20. 8 30 35 .85 13. 19. 13 25 38 .73 . 5. 19. 53. 34. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 14 10 41 .25 .84 7. 3 2 6 . 30. 4.385 291. 51.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 33.525 14. 11. 18. 31. 13. . 17. Intl. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.2 PERFORM ANALYSIS 169 . 23 8 10 UNIT INCH START USER TABLE TABLE 1 WIDE FLANGE WFL14X30 8. 12 5. 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62 8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30 14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000 ALL DEN 0. 36. 23. 15 9 14 .0 4.5 35 . 8. TABLE 2 ANGLES LANG25255 2.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. 7 5 6 .99 . 29. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 22. 42. .4 8.38 4. 21. 24. 11 15 16 . 35.5 1. 6 UNI GY -1. 14. 26.83 0.84 .0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED .9 .615 1330 57. 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.3 20.5 . 19 10 13 . 43. 39.

00 0.98 C PASS 3.852 -54.46 1 5.3 MB 2 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .H1-1 0. 58.85 ALL KY 1. DISK SPACE = 12.00 (UPT) AISC.NO.PRO MEMBER SELECTION . 60.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 3 TABLE ST WFL14X109 PASS 57.68 (UPT) AISC. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.201 0. 10 EQN. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.83 0.50 0.00 .Application Examples 170 Example Problem 17 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.373 0.H1-2 0.57 1 2.32 C 6 ST WFL21X62 9 ST WFL14X30 ST PASS 37. 11 EQN. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 57.00 (UPT) AISC.H2-1 0. 62.00 1 0. 59.Part I . 61.81 T 19 (UPT) AISC. 31 37 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1.86 C LANG25255 PASS 3.H1-3 -35.0/ 40262.00 1 20.845 -190.2 MEMB 3 4 SELECT MEMB 3 6 9 19 STAAD. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.NO.NO.0 ALL NSF 0.

IN THE POST PROCESSOR.com * * Europe support@reel.Pro. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. FROM THE UPPER MENU. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. PRESS RESULTS. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.reiusa. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.net * ************************************************************ 171 .net * * * * North America support@reiusa.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. UPDATE PROPERTIES.co.co.Example Problem 17 63. THEN FILE SAVE.

Application Examples 172 Example Problem 17 NOTES .Part I .

9. 3 ft 1 2 1 5 3 2 6 3 ft 4 9 13 3 7 5 10 7 8 6 11 8 14 4 12 9 15 16 Z Fixed Supports at Joints 1. 3.Example Problem 18 Example Problem No. 4. 5. 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 13 Load intensity = 1 pound/in 2 in negative global Y direction X 173 . 2.

The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED . the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated. ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first. JOINT COORDINATES 10004300 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 Joint number followed by X.0 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 1 inch. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure). Y and Z coordinates are provided above. based on which.Part I .

UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1. In the absence of an explicit direction specification. 175 . The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z. in is applied on all the elements. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command. The output includes membrane stresses. shear stresses.Example Problem 18 "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints. the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. bending moments per unit width and principal stresses.0 A uniform pressure of 1 pound/sq.

7. 9. 13. 16.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1.81 95. 10.2 MB 7 96 23.00 0.51 -853.00 0.33 0.43 -2127.22 16. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT POUN INCH ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.76 70.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.41 281.81 -95.00 0.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** . 8.00 0.81 -2821. 22.00 0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 18. 5.33 70. 2.14 301.00 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -9. 6.00 0. 20.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 11. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 3 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1.50 -769.1/ 40262.00 12.81 2821.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.50 769. 15.00 0.09 0. 17. 3.41 281. Intl.00 0.00 0. 19. 14.00 0. 12.00 0. 21.Application Examples 176 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.14 301. 4.00 0.09 853.43 2127.51 -16.Part I .

90 605.43 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.39 608.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.99 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 85.99 SMAX= 608.81 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Example Problem 18 24.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.089873E+02 -6.00 36. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.089873E+02 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 25.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 6.089873E+02 PLATE NO.43 605.net * ************************************************************ 177 .co.99 SMAX= -7.Pro.25 TMAX= SMIN= -608.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co. 1 1 3. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 4 SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 TOP : BOTT: 10.87 ANGLE= -23.LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.co.99 SMIN= 7.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.94 16.053947E+02 4 1 6.co.00 300. 4 4 CASE NO.00 608.39 0.3 ANGLE= -23.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.reiusa. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.25 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -9.008685E+02 4 1 6.87 300.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.

1667 = 514.Application Examples 178 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.0 16.81 = 0.90 85.0 + S 0.38 pounds/in 2 σy = SY + MY 85.Part I .1667 = 218.54 pounds/in 2 TMAX = TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy (101.80 pounds/in 2 2 + 218.0 0. SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S = 0.43 = 0.38 − 514.1667 = 101.0 + S 0.54 2 .81 36.90 = 0.0 0.75 ) 4 = 300.0 + S 0.43 1/6t 2 = σx = SX + pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch 1/6*1 2 = 0.75 pounds/in 2 τxy = SXY + MXY 36.1667 in 2 (Section Modulus) MX 16.

75 ⎭ = -23.707 (SMAX − SMIN)2 + (SMAX)2 + (SMIN)2 = 605.30 o VONT = 0.80 2 = 608.75) − 300.176 psi 179 .80 2 = 7.27 pounds/in 2 Angle = = ⎧⎪ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ 1 tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩⎪ σ x − σ y ⎭⎪ 1 2 tan −1 ⎧ 2 * 218.75) + 300.38 + 514.87 pounds/in 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 − TMAX (101.54 ⎫ ⎨ ⎬ ⎩ 101.38 − 514.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (101.38 + 514.

Application Examples 180 Example Problem 18 NOTES .Part I .

181 . STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports.Example Problem 19 Example Problem No. and we examine those in this example.

UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. 3 3 4. 4 5 2.Part I . All properties required for the analysis. 4 30 5 30. Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. . If ZD is not provided. 2 10 5 10. such as. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. Y and Z coordinates. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. Moments of Inertia. YD and ZD stand for depth and width.) are used as line separators. Area. Joint number followed by X. etc. Semicolon signs (. 6 25 0 25.Application Examples 182 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 3 20 5 20. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. 5 6 3. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The values are provided in MMS unit. 5 5 0 5. 2 2 3.

For 3 of those.5. 5.10). signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. At node 5. (20m. In order to define the axis system. namely. The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system.5. 5m. we first have to define a datum point. the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED. namely. The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system. local Y and local Z axes. Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X. This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model. For the remaining one . 6. This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m. 183 . the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3. notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10. Coincidentally. 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point. 6 and 4. 10m).that keyword is missing. The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3.node 1 .Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. the support at node 1 is a global direction support. UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . 1 and 4. 5m and 20m). this happens to be node 2. Hence. At node 6.

Notice the unique nature of these datum points. Once the datum point is established. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis. MY and MZ are all released at these supports. the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products.5. It takes the coordinates of node 4. suggesting that it is an expansion joint . and is hence along the axis of member 4. Since MX. In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. the local axis system is defined as follows. The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5.0. That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3. By defining a KFX spring at that one.30m) and adds to them. or the traffic direction.31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member. the program sets the datum point to be the following. Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point. Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y). . no moment will be resisted by these supports. Thus.Part I . The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X.5m. The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31. 5m and 31m). Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5. the datum point becomes (31m. the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1.1).free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine.Application Examples 184 Example Problem 19 At node 4. which are (30m.

The above command is an instruction for such a report. 185 . This has to be followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus total reactions from the supports for each primary load case. support reactions are printed in the global axis directions. we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global axis system. Following this.Example Problem 19 LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the global axis system. the STAAD run is terminated. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION By default.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT JOINT DISP FINISH Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the members. What if we need them in the inclined axis system? The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose. SET INCLINED REACTION PRINT SUPPORT REACTION Just earlier.0 2 1. It tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined axis system instead of the global axis system.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK 3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are specified.

00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -10439. 4 30 5 30. 3. 6 25 0 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2.2 MB STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 0. 26.0/ 40262. 6.0 2 1. 13. 2 2 3. 16. 21. 29.93 4 27 1 . 20.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -10439. 17.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 10439. 12. 2 10 5 10. 25. 9. 24.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 19 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 3 3 4. 19. 4.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 20 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.93 MY= 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. DISK SPACE = 12.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1. 5 6 3 UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INC REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INC REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INC 1 0 1FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. Intl. 22. 28. 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 5.Part I . DEAD LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 MZ= 1 ) 1 ) 10439. 2. 14. 8.00 0. 4 5 2. 5 5 0 5. 3 20 5 20.93 MY= 0. 7.93 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0. 18. 11. 27.00 -696. 10. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. 23.00 696.

00 0.00 0.00 0.36 86.97411E-01 5 RX= -1.49498E+00 3 Z = -7.81 -212.00 0.00 0.00 0.99237E-01 5 Y = -2.36 86.00 0.00 0.42 0.19 -297.00 0.64127E-16 4 RZ= 1.00 0.00 0.45 301.00 -254. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 5 6 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 215.77 383.66161E-03 4 RY= -9.22 215.00 0.27 -4.56 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.33 32.27 -4.00 0.00 0.19 -297. SET INCLINED REACTION 32.00 0.84 93.18888E-03 4 RY= -3.81 -212. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION 187 .89 93.00 0.91 60.00 0.00 0.06 380.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.15 -1.00 288.00 0.00 0.99237E-01 5 RX= -2.38 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.38 MY= 0.00 0.00 0.39 -3.00 0.00 0.31566E-01 3 Z = -2.00 0. LIVE LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.42 0.00 0.38 MY= 0.00 0.21 32.84 94.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -3818.00 0.18888E-03 4 2 2 ) 3818.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 2 ) -3818.00 0.05 60.Example Problem 19 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -7.00 0.20 -85.15 -1.97411E-01 5 Y = -9.60 94.00 0.86155E-16 4 RZ= 2.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -2.00 254.00 0.00 0.37 286.45 301.00 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 3818.00 0.38 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 30.20 -85.39 -3.66161E-03 4 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.

00 0.00 0.58 93.00 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -7.15 -1.00 0.00 0.54 569.00 59.74 0.33 51.27 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 93.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 0.00 5 6 1 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 33.00 0.01 93.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -4.10 -300.96 32.00 0.05 60.00 0.00 0.32 2 3 2 3 2 3 300.00 0.Application Examples 188 Example Problem 19 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 415.67 563.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 68.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.33 32.00 134.46 -1.30 -344.00 141.00 0.81 6.64 152.58 152.00 0.00 0.95 -114.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 92.89 141.00 0.00 0.47 420.00 0.12 202.89 93.00 5 2 5 2 5 2 415.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 75.64 0.00 0.79 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 -4.54 -154.00 0.10 118.00 0.00 0.05 141.77 59.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 125.00 0.00 0.00 341.42 0.79 -6.00 0.30 154.00 0.73 32.71 -186.00 0.00 0.31 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 207.00 0.00 0.22 0.25 6.00 0.02 0.47 -120.55 116.00 62.00 0.81 40.61 60.00 0.83 -498. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 -72.00 0.79 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 60.00 0.00 0.00 58.00 0.25 60.00 -208.84 52.64 -339.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 0.00 155.00 0.00 0.00 0.49 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00 0.30 0.79 66.46 4.00 0.00 0.21 32.15 42.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.67 563.21 89.10 120.00 0.00 0.79 66.15 -1.25 0.00 0.61 6 3 6 3 6 3 410.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 89.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 0.75 42.00 0.00 0.69 6.89 0.00 0.00 -135.00 0.94 39.55 7.00 0.00 0.00 -344.00 0.79 74.00 82. PRINT JOINT DISP .Part I .00 0.00 0.25 68.24 154.19 32.75 0.00 0.19 60.67 -152.00 0.83 410.00 0.94 7.41 3 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 METE LOAD 2 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 34.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 60.31 -492.00 0.57 -420.00 0.54 569.60 33.00 0.42 0.37 76.00 0.22 0.

4265 0.0363 -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0012 -0.0363 -0.2974 -1.3649 -2.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0000 0.0509 -0.0146 -0.7903 0.2938 1.0966 -0.0841 X-ROTAN 0.0012 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.0000 0.0000 0.0026 0.0012 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0023 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.Example Problem 19 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD X-TRANS 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.com * * Europe support@reel.0008 -0.0966 0.0007 -0.0011 0.0039 -0.0007 0.0007 -0.0003 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.0038 -0.0509 -0.Pro.0000 0.0509 -0.0031 0.0000 0.0000 0.2974 -1.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.0023 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0027 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.0003 0.0000 0.co.0007 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0002 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0146 -0.co.7992 -0.0032 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 35.0000 0.0000 0.7992 -0.0363 -0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.0008 -0.0039 0.2938 -1.0027 0.0012 0.0000 -2.0005 0.net * ************************************************************ 189 .0005 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.0000 0.0966 0.0007 -0.0509 -0.0003 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.4950 -0.0011 0.0011 -0.0008 0.co.2974 -1.0011 -0.0031 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0146 -0.0007 0.0363 -0.0000 0.0000 0.7992 -0.7903 0.0146 -0.0008 -0.0026 -0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.9139 -3.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.0000 0.0024 -0.0841 0.0003 -0.7903 -0.0038 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.0000 0.9316 -3. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0032 Y-ROTAN 0.reiusa.0002 0.0024 0.co.2938 1.0000 0.4510 -0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.0841 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.

Part I .Application Examples 190 Example Problem 19 NOTES .

3 2 11 2 3 4 10 10 19 11 12 18 1 1 20 9 4 9 12 5 17 8 13 6 16 8 21 5 16 13 7 7 14 6 24 15 15 22 14 23 191 . 20 This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system.Example Problem 20 Example Problem No. The tank lies on its side in this example.

JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r. Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system. the output is in the cartesian coordinate system. The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis. PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system.z). Hence. 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 10 feet.Part I . theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft.5 feet for each REPEAT. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified. The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .5 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system. the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 8.Application Examples 192 Example Problem 20 In this example. Joint 8 has an 'r' of 10 feet. theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft.theta. Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8. a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements. REPEAT 2 0 0 8.

Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements. FINISH 193 . must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory. Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1. incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7. namely elements 1 to 8. Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines.

000 17.000 7.000 -7.071 -10.071 0.071 0.000 7.000 -7.071 10.Application Examples 194 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.000 7. 9.000 -7.500 8.071 0.000 17.071 0.071 0.000 -7.071 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.000 7.000 17.000 0.000 17.Part I .071 -10.000 7.000 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .000 -7.000 17. 4. 6.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.071 0. 8.071 -10.500 8.071 0.500 8.5 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE FEET UNIT JOINT X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 10.071 -10.000 7.500 8. 2.000 -7.071 -10.000 8. 5.000 0.071 10.000 -7. 3.071 10. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 8.500 8.000 -7.000 7.000 7.000 0.000 7.000 0.000 -7.071 0.000 -7.000 7.500 8.071 0.071 -10.000 17.071 0. 10.071 0.071 10.500 8.000 -7. Intl.000 -7.000 7.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.000 0.071 0.000 7.071 0.000 0.000 17.500 17.

com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0562 65.00 0.0562 65.reiusa.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.000 0.00 0.000 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.co.net * ************************************************************ AREA 65.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0.000 0.000 0.com * * Europe support@reel.Example Problem 20 11.000 0.0562 65.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.co.0562 65.0562 65.0562 65.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.0562 65.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.0562 65. PRINT ELEMENT INFO ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.00 0.00 0.000 0.co.0562 65.00 0.Pro.0562 65.000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.000 0.000 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.000 0.00 0.00 0.000 E G 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 THICK (FEET) 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0.000 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.0562 65.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.000 0.000 POISS 0.0562 195 .000 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0562 65.0562 65.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.co.000 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.

Part I .Application Examples 196 Example Problem 20 NOTES .

21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.Example Problem 21 Example Problem No. W12X26 4 W12X26 9 4 W12X26 W12X26 W12X26 3 3 8 2 2 W12X26 5 W12X26 7 5 W12X26 1 W12X26 W12X26 10 6 1 6 197 .

Part I . This structure is a PLANE frame. the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. 4 15 20 . the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.8 2 4. 5 15 10 . 3 0 20 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5. Consequently. Also. 6 15 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD.7 2 6. it is necessary to have 2 commands. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .9 3 5. . This is because.Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only. 2 0 10 .10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined. UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are defined above. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. To accommodate these requirements. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.

SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED The supports are defined above. 199 . any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. Hence for each load case. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3. The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of these values. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 All members have been assigned a WIDE FLANGE section from the built in American table. if during the analysis. We do not require DENSITY since selfweight is not one of the load cases considered.Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members.

0 2 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 Load case 2 is described above. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 .Part I . these members cannot be accessed for any further operations. any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. Next. CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis.Application Examples 200 Example Problem 21 PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. Without re-activation.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.

The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated. In other words. 201 . the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. are recognized as the "active" load cases.Example Problem 21 acting simultaneously. At the end of any analysis. CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing.

DISK SPACE = 12. LOAD 3 37. 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 24.0 39. 8 2 4 . 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3 0 20 .0/ 3142. 6. 12. 14. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 33. 8. 2 0 10 . 5 15 10 . 4. JOINT LOAD 30. Intl. 9. 5. 21.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. Case= 2 2 iterations. 9 3 5 . MEMBER TENSION 27. EXMEM = 568. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 23. 5 FX -15 32. 7 2 6 .0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 25.8 MB. LOAD 2 29. 17. CHANGE 34. 2. 2 iterations. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.Part I . 11. MEMBER TENSION 35. 20. 19. 4 FX -10 31. REPEAT LOAD 38. 1 1.0 2 1. 6 TO 9 36. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 6 TO 9 28. 4 15 20 .Application Examples 202 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 13. 10. 1 2 iterations. 18. CHANGE 26. 7. 22. 3. 16.2 MB **START ITERATION NO. Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after .

00000 0.00605 0.00030 0.00 0.00000 0.26 -0.00000 0.00000 0.39 3 4 3 4 3 4 9.00 6.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.49 -6.00001 -0.00 0.00 0.59 25.08929 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.00007 -0.33 -23.09 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.09 0.43 -25.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.00 0.00000 0.00018 0.24 0.43 -25.00 0.05 0.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.09724 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00408 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.00000 0.00 0.80 -9.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.05 -10.00007 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -24.39 4.00000 0.00 0.01613 0.00039 0.00000 0.01262 0.24 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.43 -6.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 1.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 -9.66 0.00000 INCH Y-ROTAN 0.00 0.00373 -0.49 -6.05 0.00 0.00000 0.04313 0.00 0.00000 0.43 -0.00000 0.00 0.00062 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 -18.00 0.59 25.00408 0.00 0.00 0.49 0.00000 0.00 31.00 0.20 0.01613 0.20 -0.00 0.59 -4.00000 0.24 0.39 4 5 4 5 4 5 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.07 1.00000 0.33 0.00028 0.24 0.Example Problem 21 40.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00002 -0.00 0.80 10.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00062 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -10.20 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00039 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.08929 0.00 0.00000 0.05 0.00 0.00387 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.01262 0.00 0.00000 0.05 -0.00018 -0.00387 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.00 0.00000 0.90 6.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.33 23.20 0.05 0.43 -0.75 -25.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.06285 -0.00000 0.24 6.00 0.24 -0.00 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.05 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 25.81 0.05 -0.00000 0.43 -0.00 0.91 0.80 9.00002 -0.04313 -0.67 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 203 .00000 0.00 0.00028 -0.59 18.00 0.00 0.00000 0.91 0.39 -1.67 -1.00000 0.00 0.09 24.75 -18.49 -0.00373 0.24 0.09724 -0.00 0.05 -0.00000 0.00605 0.00000 -0.00 0.00000 0.00030 0.00 0. LOAD LIST ALL 42.06285 -0.00 0.00000 0.26 -0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.33 -23.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00029 0.00000 0.00000 0.07 18.00 0.09 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 0.00029 0.00000 0.90 23.05 -23.46 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.00001 -0. CHANGE 41.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.56 36.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 14.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 6.90 -0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.62 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.26 11.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -11.00 0.31 -24.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.co.00 0.56 37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.net * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.00 -29.00 0.41 0.00 0.09 -0.00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.31 -24.00 0.41 0.Application Examples 204 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -29.00 0.00 -31.00 0.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 23.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.26 11.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 29.00 -37.41 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -23.00 0.26 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.05 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 -36.reiusa.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.90 0.73 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.31 24.79 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.46 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 -11.26 0.00 0.09 -0.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 205 .

Application Examples 206 Example Problem 21 NOTES .Part I .

Time History analysis is performed on this model. 207 . 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading.Example Problem 22 Example Problem No. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example.

5 20 15 . Y and Z axes. 4 4 11 . 2 2 7 . 8 15 20 7. 5 5 6 . UNIT KIP FEET The units for the data that follows are specified above. 12 12 5 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to. The UNIT command is specified to change the units for input from FEET to INCHes.Part I . . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. 7 15 20 0 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 10 10 11 . 2 15 0 0 .5 20 0 . UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 Members 1 to 12 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values of 12 inches.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. Semicolon characters (. 3 3 9 . 10 7. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.5 The joint number followed by the X. 6 7. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.5 9 15 20 15 . 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 .Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 8 8 9 . 11 11 12 . 9 9 10 . 3 15 0 15 .

0 DAMPING 0. a sinusoidal function. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported. Here. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6. In this file. Built-in default value for concrete is used for the Poisson’s Ratio. is provided. only one data set is defined. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. an ACCELERATION may be specified. CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0. The first stage is defined above.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E). the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs. 209 . density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function.2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion. which describes the variation of force with time.

0 The above data describe a static load case. STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (See section 5. LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1.075. AMPLITUDE. The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number.Part I .0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis.31.0 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads. The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure. .0 8 12 FY 4.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information).0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. and number of CYCLES of application are then defined. Following that. The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure. LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1.0 8 12 FZ 4.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command. A uniformly distributed load of 1. such as FREQUENCY.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function.

211 . The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.Example Problem 22 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory.

35.Application Examples 212 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 8 15 20 7.0 LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1. 12 12 5 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0.0 8 12 FY 4.5 20 0 .2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. 7.5 20 15 . 10 7.5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 .0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 28. 6. 10 10 11 . 11 11 12 . 20. 24. 17. 14.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 6 24 6 . 40. 3. 30. 23. 32.0 DAMPING 0. 11. 12. 8 8 9 . EXMEM = 568. 6 7.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4. 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. 27. 2 2 7 . 3 3 9 . 3 15 0 15 . 36. 29. 4 4 11 . 31. Intl. 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 .8 MB.5 9 15 20 15 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 60 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 9 9 10 . DISK SPACE = 12.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6. 38. 26. 19. 22. 4.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 12/ 12/ 4 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 7/ 4/ 24 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 8. 5. 21. 41. 18. 6 6 7 7 7 8 .0 8 12 FZ 4.Part I . 33. 16.0/ 3142. 25. 2 15 0 0 . 7 15 20 0 . 2. 10.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 13. 42. 5 5 6 . 37. 15. 39. 9. 34.

242E-14 1.01168 0.03161 0.00 0.00729 0.00 0.68908 0.351 138.499 24.665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.998 99.451 7.05406 0.213E-15 1. These are for information only and will not be used.202 1.709E-15 2.336E-13 3.011 85.915E-12 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 X Y Z 100.00 0.00 0.130556 213 .189E-15 1.00729 0.00 0.208E-16 1.105E-15 5.83057 0.136868E-13 1.000 100.00 0.821 0.000 100.03720 0.998 99.01176 0.879E-16 1.450E-16 4.222E-15 2.000000E+00 0.804E-16 1.Example Problem 22 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.00 0.998 0.559 11.00100.000 100.00 0.04016 0.184E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= INCH -2.000 100.000 0.574E-13 3.194444 Y= 0.83191 0.874E-11 1.00723 0.219 137. To use these frequencies.000 46.07932 0.13229 0.606 18.09031 0.900 26.00 0.00 0.000 100.982E-16 6. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.228744E-01 0.096 85.82 0.000 0.204 1.073 11.027 195.000000 Z= -1.998 99.01175 0. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.00 0.670 0.998 99. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 PERIOD(SEC) 12.260 195.039E-16 1.00 0.01186 0.364E-09 2.00512 ACCURACY 1.221 137.530E-15 5.086E-11 1.866 31.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.000 0.215 0.881 30.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99.292 85.606 137.486E-14 6.00 0.998 99.00513 0.020E-15 1.08569 ACCURACY 4.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.00728 0.633 84.00 0.03240 0.00 46.000 0.

00 0.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 22 43.00037 -0.00 0.95 -0.00000 0.84 0.00000 -0.00000 0.10 0.00000 0.10 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.95 0.00000 0.00 0.95 -5.00118 0.06 180.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 13.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 .01045 0.00000 0.95 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.01045 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.10 0.00 -180.02103 0.00 0.00118 0.95 0.00000 0.00000 0.10 0.00000 0.06 5.01 0.37 0.95 -5.56841 -0.00 0.37 5 6 5 6 5.95 -5.00 1428.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00037 -0.00 13.00000 -0.95 -0.06536 0.00000 0.01045 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.02103 -0.00008 -0.00 0.06 5.10 0.00 0.00000 0.95 5.00000 0.00 -0.00118 0.00000 -0.00000 0.06 -5.00008 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00 0.95 -5.00 0.00 0.06536 0.06536 -0.00000 0.00118 0.02103 0.15 5.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -1428.06 -0.95 0.00 13.00000 0.02103 -0.00 0.00008 -1.06 -0.02103 -0.15 -0.00008 0.01 90.56841 0.00000 0.06587 0.00000 0.00 0.15 -5.00000 -0.95 -0.10 0.00118 0.00000 -0.00 5.02103 0.00 0.95 -5.09524 0.00000 0.06587 -0.00037 -0.00004 -0.00008 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 5.00 0.00118 0.06536 0.37 4 11 4 11 180.00004 0.00 1428.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.09524 -0.00008 0.00 -0.95 -0.00000 0.00 0.95 0.00000 0.10 2621.00000 0.00 -180.06 -5.00 0.10 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.01045 0.15 0.00 1428.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00008 0.95 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00008 0.00 -180.95 5.02103 0.00 0.00 0.00 -180.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.37 3 9 3 9 180.00000 0.06 -5.00 0.02103 -0.Part I .09524 0.10 0.00000 0.00008 -1.00 -5.01045 -0.00000 -0.00 0.06 -0.00000 0.95 0.95 0.00000 -0.00000 0.02103 0.56841 0.15 5.09524 -0.15 180.15 0.00008 -1.15 0.00 0.37 2 7 2 7 180.02103 0.00 0.00 -5.00 -1428.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -0.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 180.95 5.00 0.00 0.15 5.56841 0.00 0.01045 -0.00008 -1.00 0.00 0.15 180.00 0.00000 0.00 1428.00000 -0.00000 0.00 0.01045 -0.95 -0.00 -1428.00118 0.01 0.95 0.00000 0.01 0.15 -0.06 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 -1428.00008 -0.00 0.00 13.00 0.02103 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.02103 -0.95 0.00 0.00 1428.00118 0.00000 0.00 0.01045 0.95 0.90 -13.00 0.00000 0.00 -0.00000 0.06 5.00000 0.15 180.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.00000 -0.95 0.00118 0.00 0.00118 0.00 0.00000 0.06 -5.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00118 0.06537 0.00037 0.00000 -0.00 0.00000 0.95 0.06537 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.15 0.00 0.00118 0.15 -5.00 0.

90 0.00 0.02 -0.90 -1428.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.37 11 12 11 12 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.01 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.15 0.01 -0.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.95 -0.00 -0.01 -0.00 1.00 0.01 90.84 -2621.00 0.95 -5.01 0.90 -1428.90 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.10 0.15 0.net * ************************************************************ 215 .00 0.37 7 8 7 8 5.02 0.84 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.10 2621.01 -0.00 0.01 0.10 0.10 2621.00 -0.00 0.95 0.95 -0.00 12 5 12 5 5.01 90.41 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 5.15 0.00 -0.00 0.00 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 44.00 0.00 0.95 -0.00 0.00 -0.95 -5.95 -5.02 0.00 0.41 1428.00 0.01 0.00 0.95 -5.01 0.00 0.84 -2621.95 0.00 0.00 1428. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.15 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.co.00 0.Pro.90 13.02 0.00 10 11 10 11 5.00 0.00 -0.95 -5.00 -0.90 -1428.reiusa.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.10 0.95 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.01 -0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.00 0.00 0.37 0.15 -0.00 0.00 9 10 9 10 5.95 -5.02 -0.00 0.95 -5.00 0.01 0.84 -2621.00 -13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -1428.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 -1.02 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.01 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 8 9 8 9 5.00 0.00 0.00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.00 90.10 2621.00 0.01 -0.41 0.00 0.00 0.84 1.01 0.84 0.84 -2621.00 0.95 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 90.00 90.01 90.co.00 13.00 90.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.41 1428.

Part I .Application Examples 216 Example Problem 22 NOTES .

The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. 217 .Example Problem 23 Example Problem No. 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to utilize the built-in generation facility to generate spring supports for a slab on grade. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed.

the joint number followed by the X.0 0.0 12.0 36.0 0.5 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.5 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.0 0.0 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 6.167 4 0.0 0.333 5 0.5 feet.0 28.5 7 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate .0 20.0 2 0.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 For joints 1 through 7. UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 3 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 40. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 0.0 0. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.0 0.Part I .5 6 0. Y and Z axes. 3 times.0 0.

SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 10. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command. ALL POISSON 0.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5.5 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 5.55 219 . PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support springs which were generated using the earlier commands. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.ft. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126.5 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000.0 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 10 kip/cu. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.

Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 The above data describe a static load case.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements.0 113 114 FY -109.55 kip/sq. It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1. 5 FY -308.7 6 FY -617. is specified above. 8 9 FY -109.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.Part I . A load combination case.6 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction. 26 FY -542.5 47 54 82 FY -264.0 99 100 FY -410.0 120 121 FY -217. identified with load case number 101.0 104 FY -974. 29 30 FY -205. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.3 92 93 FY -205.0 and then algebraically add the results. A pressure load of 1.7 27 FY -1085. .0 103 FY -487. 2 1.3 125 FY -546.4 22 23 FY -410.0 124 FY -273.

Example Problem 23 LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56. is obtained with the help of the above commands. 221 . and element stresses for elements 34 and 67. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. for load case 101.

17.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0. Intl.333 5 0. 2.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 3 1 4 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0. 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 8.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0. 7.0 0.0 0 0.9 0 665.0 0 0.0 10 1 11 1 0. 11.5 7 0.0 3 0.0 20.0 0 0.8 0 587. 15.0 0 251.0 85.0 28.0 0 265. 21.0 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 6.12 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 10.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5.2 0.0 0. 23. 26.0 0.0 1 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 0.5 UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000.0 2 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.9 0 531.0 8 1 9 1 0.8 0 665. 25.0 1 0 0.0 REPEAT 5 6. 27.0 0.167 4 0. 9.0 0.0 0.9 0 294. 4.5 0. 5.0 1 1 0. 19.0 0.0 1 0. 24.0 0 1 0. 22.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0. 12.0 0.0 0 502. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KIP FEET DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX FORCE-Y/ KFY FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.5 0 332.0 1 0.0 0. 28.Part I .0 0.0 0. 13.0 1 0 0.0 13 1 0.0 0.0 36.6 0 138. 6.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED.0 0. 10.0 0. 18.0 5 1 0. 20.9 0 332.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 .Application Examples 222 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0 0.0 0.1 0 170. ALL POISSON 0.0 0.0 0.0 40. 16. 3.0 12 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 6 1 7 1 0.0 0.5 6 0.0 12.

0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 223 .3 0 626.0 35 1 36 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 260.3 0 570.1 0 646.0 0 473.3 0 500.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 22 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 276.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 41 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 160.0 1 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 17 1 0.2 0 437.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 18 1 19 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.6 0 515.0 0 473.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.2 0 548.3 0 500.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 46 1 47 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.7 0 553.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0 587.0 1 0.0 0 488.0 1 0.0 0.3 0 626.0 0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 42 1 43 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 34 1 0.0 0 1 0.2 0 276.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.2 0 170.0 0.3 0 548.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.5 0 227.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 27 1 28 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 29 1 0.1 0 160.9 0 531.0 32 1 33 1 0.0 0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.7 0 626.0 0.0 1 0.8 0 665.7 0 553.0 1 0 0.3 0 484.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.9 0 665.0 23 1 24 1 0.0 0.0 49 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.6 0 268.0 1 0.0 0 0.2 0 165.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 414.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 260.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 502.0 0 140.0 1 0 0.0 37 1 38 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.3 0 646.7 0 626.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 48 1 0.0 30 1 31 1 0.0 39 1 40 1 0.0 0 0.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.0 0 0.0 20 1 21 1 0.0 0 0.

0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 195.0 1 1 0.0 0 470.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.Application Examples 224 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 50 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 56 1 57 1 0.0 61 1 62 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 66 1 67 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.Part I .0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 75 1 76 1 0.3 0 548.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 415.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 470.0 53 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 375.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 375.0 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 415.0 84 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 195.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 195.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 65 1 0.0 0 470.0 0 120.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.5 0 227.0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 120.0 0 120.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 77 1 0.0 51 1 52 1 0.0 0 414.3 0 484.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 355.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 355.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.2 0 437.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 59 1 60 1 0.0 85 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 195.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 355.0 78 1 79 1 0.0 0 375.0 0.0 0 470.0 68 1 69 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 63 1 64 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 415.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 470.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 120.0 0.0 0 355.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 415.0 0 375.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 58 1 0.2 0 548.0 71 1 72 1 0.0 0.0 80 1 81 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 82 1 83 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 70 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 73 1 74 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 470.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 140.0 1 0.5 0 160.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 54 1 55 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 470.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.

0 0.0 101 1 0.0 0 0.9 0 531.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 111 1 112 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.3 0 626.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 160.3 0 500.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 251.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.7 0 553.0 121 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 120 1 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.9 0 531.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.2 0 170.0 0 0.0 225 .6 0 268.0 1 0 0.0 95 1 96 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 116 1 117 1 0.0 0 260.0 0.0 99 1 100 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 87 1 88 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.8 0 665.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 90 1 91 1 0.2 0 85.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 473.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 1 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 86 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.7 0 626.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 165.0 0.0 113 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.8 0 587.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 0.1 0 170.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.3 0 500.0 0 473.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.0 104 1 105 1 0.0 0.8 0 587.0 0.0 89 1 0.0 0.0 0 502.6 0 515.3 0 646.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 626.0 0 0.0 0.0 94 1 0.0 92 1 93 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.3 0 626.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 502.0 0.9 0 665.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.1 0 646.0 0 0.0 118 1 119 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 106 1 0.0 0 488.0 0.0 0 0.2 0 276.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.3 0 570.0 0.0 109 1 110 1 0.2 0 276.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.7 0 553.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 665.8 0 665.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 260.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.

43. 52. DISK SPACE = 13.06208 0.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.7 6 FY -617. 51. 35.3 92 93 FY -205.0 1 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 33 56 LOAD 101 101 X-TRANS 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.3 MB 56.0 124 FY -273. 50. 49.0 0. 42. 34. 47.0 0.6 0 138. 39.03221 0. 37.0 0. 2 1.0 123 1 124 1 0. 30.9 0 332.0 1 0.0 1 0 0. 33.00000 X-ROTAN -0.0 0. 44.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 265. 38.0/ 40261. 8 9 FY -109.9 0 294. 45.0 120 121 FY -217. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 46. LOAD LIST 101 57.4 22 23 FY -410.0 0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.7 27 FY -1085.Application Examples 226 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 122 1 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 58. 55.00000 0.0 125 1 0.55 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.5 47 54 82 FY -264. 41.0 113 114 FY -109.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.0 0 0. 29 30 FY -205.62691 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.73107 -5.0 0.00000 0.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.0 0 0.00000 Y-TRANS -4.0 0. 36.0 0 0. 53. 48. 31. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Z-ROTAN 0.0 0 0.1 0.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0 332.00000 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 126 1 0. 40. 26 FY -542.Part I .3 125 FY -546.0 104 FY -974.0 0 0.0 99 100 FY -410.03192 .0 103 FY -487. 32. 54.0 1 0.6 LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 5 FY -308.07125 Y-ROTAN 0.

72 0.83 539.81 TMAX= SMIN= -978. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.09 1136.00 10.co.co.96 SMIN= -230.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.69 15.57 TMAX= SMIN= -386.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.9 9. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -6.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. 101 101 6.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.48 ANGLE= -39.00 623.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.38 SMAX= 230.235143E+02 67 101 1.96 SMAX= 386.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.5 41.67 0. 67 67 CASE NO.22 SMAX= 268.51 21.9 ANGLE= -39.51 623.28 0.782190E+02 PLATE NO.reiusa.Example Problem 23 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.136717E+03 67 101 1.com * * Europe support@reel.00 1247.03 SMAX= 978.38 TMAX= 7.782190E+02 -9. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.247029E+03 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 59.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.63 0.5 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 9.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41.75 0.63 0.95 616.81 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -8.22 539.48 308.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.57 101 TOP : BOTT: 71.Pro.72 1247.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.net * ************************************************************ 227 .22 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 4.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.95 0.03 SMIN= -268.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.92 1136.00 616.00 308.

Part I .Application Examples 228 Example Problem 23 NOTES .

229 .Example Problem 24 Example Problem No. 24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure.

0 3.0 2.0 1.0 48 1.0 0.0 45 1. Y and Z axes.0 3.0 3.0 0. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities.0 24 0.0 3. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes.0 1. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.0 5 1.0 0. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 28 1.0 32 2.0 2.0 2.0 0.0 21 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 49 2. For example.0 2. Then. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 The joint number followed by the X. Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.0 25 1.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 1.0 0.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 3.0 0.0 52 2.0 12 2.0 0.0 3. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 4 0.0 2.0 9 2.0 0.0 2.0 8 1.0 0.0 41 0.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 29 2. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above.0 0.0 0.0 1. increments of 1 to the .0 1.0 44 0.Part I .0 3.

5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above.25 ALL DENSITY 7.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. and Density are specified. both in the negative global Y direction. 8. PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain. incidences of elements 4. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). 11 and 12 are generated. CONSTANTS E 2. SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model. 6.1E7 ALL POIS 0. the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. Similarly. in a tabular form.0 The above data describe a static load case. It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. 9. Poisson's Ratio.0 231 .Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3).

0 2 1. 6. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq.0 3 1.3.32.2 of the STAAD.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 .Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table. LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0. The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero.ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3. 9 and 12. and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5.Part I . UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.0 4 1.Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual.0 In Load case 4.

the program merely calculates the end results (displacements. which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report. forces.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1.Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. 233 .0 2 1. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS. and then algebraically summing them up.0 Load case 10 is a combination load case. not load combination cases. factoring them. In a REPEAT LOAD case.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations. should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases.0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX . But in solving load combination cases.0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously. In other words. there is a fundamental difference.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5. reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case. changes in support conditions etc.

. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements. UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6. UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Part I . The results will be printed for all the load cases.Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command.

23.0 2.1E7 ALL POIS 0. 16.1000002E+07 0. UNIT POUND FEET 45.0 3. 18.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 3.0 49. REPEAT LOAD DENSITY 7.0 52 2. ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 47.0 2. 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.1000002E+07 0.0 0. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 5. 22.0 2.0 49 2.0 0.0 0.0 40. 28 FY -1000. 9 FX . 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.0 45 1.0000000E+00 27.0 33. SUPPORTS 28.0 0. JOINT LOAD 34.0 2. 17.0011 44.0 0.0 2.0000E+00 0.0 28 1.Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 2.0 0. 12.0 25 1. 20.5000E+00 7.0 0. LOAD 1 32. LOAD 3 41. 4.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 CONSTANTS E 2. 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 3.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 2 3 4 22 23 NODE-5 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES.0 36. 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 29.5000E+00 ALPHA 0. JOINT LOADS 38.0 29 2.0 0.0 3. 15.1000002E+07 0.0 9 2.0 0.0 0.0 24 0.0 1.0 41 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.1000002E+07 0. 9 ENFORCED 31. 10. LOAD 5 52.0 1. 9.0 4 0.25 ALL DENSITY 7.0 0.0 0.0000000E+00 2 2.0000000E+00 3 2. 7. LOAD 4 46.5000E+00 7. 3.0 1. 11.5000E+00 7.0 3.0000E+00 0.0 8 1. Intl.0 1. 2. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 42.0 1.0000000E+00 4 2. 21.0000000E+00 5 2. LOAD 2 37.0 48 1.0000E+00 0.0 32 2. UNIT KNS MMS 51.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 235 .0 21 0. 8.KNS MET ELEMENT YOUNGS'S MODULUS MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 1 2. SELF Y -1. 6.0 12 2.1000002E+07 0.0 44 0. 25.0 0.0 5 1.0 3. -------------------ALL UNITS ARE .5000E+00 7.

00 = -1090. DISK SPACE = 12. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.49033E-04 10 1 2 ) 1799999. 58.97 MZ= 2 ) -1799999.00000E+00 RY= 0.00000E+00 RZ= 0.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.12983E-03 RX= 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1.2 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN.83934E-03 4 Z = 9.01 MY= -899999.99 MY= 0. 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.96 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2.1/ 3142.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.12983E-03 Y = -1.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.0 3 1. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090.92 2) 2 . 56. 55.NO.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STAT CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 17/ 17/ 48 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MY= 899999.01204E-02 Z = 1.Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model. 1 1. 23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0.00 0.98 MY= 0. EXMEM = 568.0 4 1.0 2 1.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999. Note .0 2 1.00000E+00 1 ) 1089999.NO.4 MB.99 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.93 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1.Part I .Application Examples 236 Example Problem 24 53. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -0.NO.00 = 0.

76 = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760.52 MY= 0.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760.00 0.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -95760.03 MY= -0.52 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 4) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 = -1185.00000E+00 RZ= 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.00 95.00 0.17652E-05 RX= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.50 MY= 899999.52 MY= 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00000E+00 0 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.43 MY= -899999.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 MY= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.76 0.97 MZ= 5 ) -2985760.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 -95.00000E+00 RY= 0.04 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.00 0.20 MZ= -0.00000E+00 0 0.35288E-04 Z = -3.Example Problem 24 RX= RY= RZ= 0.00000E+00 3 5 ) 2985760.00000E+00 0 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.17652E-05 Y = -3.85 MZ= 4 4 ) MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.52 4 ) 95760.76 0.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.30 5 237 . ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.61372E-02 24 RX= 0.

03 135.00 0.0000 0.20 6.34 807.00 0.0000 0.00 -1097.52 0.05 -72.00 0.00 0.0193 0.25 -450.17 2.00 0.19 74.0000 0.00 0.97 -595.0000 -0.70 0.0010 0.85 -159.32 -62.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 -30.24 -202.05 42.0000 0.00 0.25 431.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.37 -232. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 0.05 -72.00 0.32 -1641.87 21.00 0.67 -273.00 -62.18 -202.67 -31.0049 -0.0062 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 629.00 0.00000E+00 0 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 60.00 .24 -89.00 0.00 0.0000 0.97 902.0200 0.98 -263.00 0.1100 0.00 0.0008 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 384.52 -256.00 0.00 0.32 31.00 0.05 -228.79 -138.0000 0.85 1.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 63.98 185.00 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 62.0000 0.76 566.0000 0.00 0.00 0.30 -16.00 0.00 0.00 -187.0089 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.27 -2.0000 0.0001 -0.52 -94.85 -170.00 0.00 0.00 0.0009 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.00 0.46 -26.99 6.00 0.05 -42.63 26.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -459.00 0.1100 0.00 -1703.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -158.Part I .00 0.00 0.63 -425.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.79 -2.0000 0.0200 0.00 0.13 -31.00 0.0000 0.27 1.00 0.18 -159.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.13 146.00 0.00 384.0000 0.59 74.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.52 -184.00 0.68 135.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -1.0000 0.00 -31.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.00 -1919. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 21 25 29 41 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 390.26 0.0081 -0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.80 0.00 0.0000 0.48 11.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.85 -0.78 -56.00 0.00 0.70 0.0000 0.00 0.37 -232.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.97 -315.00 0.0000 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.24 261.0000 0.34 51.00 0.58 251.0000 0.00 0.90 0.00 -2057.94 -56.00 16.0003 -0.25 11.0393 0.84 -292.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.52 -143.51 524.00 -1097.Application Examples 238 Example Problem 24 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.42 743.00 0.00 0.00 0.0009 0.0000 0.63 -181.12 1.20 11.0000 0.36 11.00 -187.52 9.92 -334.26 0.0000 0.00 0.12 16.26 -128.18 -119.00 -138.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.00 0.00 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.52 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 -158.30 135.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.

000 0.011 -0.029 -0.006 -0.071 0.031 1.009 0.219 0.05 -81.003 -0.223 0.008 -0.089 0.055 0.098 -0.12 31.403 0.003 -0.00 0.015 0.61 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z 31.63 -547.00 0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 -0.106 0.365 0.00 0.016 -0.001 0.00 0.003 -0.076 -0.40 -16.435 0.280 -0.011 -0.051 0.Example Problem 24 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT LOAD 45 49 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 FORCE-X METE FORCE-Y 0.014 0.25 11.176 0.237 0.61 74.036 0.280 -0.053 1.251 0.008 -0.008 0.016 0.324 -0.00 0.516 0.355 0.009 -0. UNIT NEWTON MMS 66.707 0.08 MOM-X 0.215 0.994 0.976 0.088 -0.217 0.35 3916.62 300.188 -0.02 -97.597 0.010 -0.707 1.685 -0.040 -0.00 0.005 -0.05 -81.705 -0.255 0.602 0.016 0.98 11.32 -43.00 MOM Z 0.269 SE= -0.13 6.00 0.016 0.00 0.056 -0.095 -0.00 0.004 0.298 0.77 -61.00 0.00 0.255 0.041 S3= 0.00 0.003 -0.269 -0.000 0.002 0.029 -0.165 0.928 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 65.00 0.021 0.036 0.744 0.005 0.00 0.082 0.189 0.008 0.101 S3= 0.37 -1.099 S2= 0.021 -0.002 -0.014 0.129 0.060 -0.005 0.046 -0.00 0.054 0.162 -0.85 0.00 0.028 -0.054 -0.046 S2= -0.009 -0.68 74.00 0.24 1.041 0.036 0.00 0.42 -75.003 0.090 -0.00 0.258 0.75 -97.89 300.00 0.00 0.088 -0.204 -0.00 0.40 135.00 0.37 226.05 45.83 -1.003 0.051 S3= -0.24 -855.03 1313.008 -0.951 0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.000 0.372 0.004 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.221 0.661 0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 3 21 3 25 3 26 3 22 3 41 3 45 3 46 3 42 0.012 0.132 0.525 0.00 0.123 -0.280 -0.00 0.00 0.005 0.00 0.76 2.04 0.00 0.586 239 .00 -62.038 -0.606 0.321 0.034 -0.311 -0.022 -0.00 0.102 0.005 -0.244 0.52 181.016 0.03 119.05 -23.253 0. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.84 61.63 514.183 0.52 3818.00 0.05 -45.047 0.107 0.011 -0.617 0.52 1250.538 0.52 -176.00 0.214 -0.076 0.009 -0.103 0.00 0.154 -0.123 0.00 0.00 0.97 83.060 0.014 0.499 0.027 0.518 0.00 0.24 207.00 0.511 0.040 0.760 -0.095 -0.00 0.00 -105.076 -0.280 -0.313 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.00 0.301 -0.082 SE= -0.00 0.015 0.255 0.001 -0.152 S2= 0.00 0.00 0.589 -0.35 -77.95 -1.707 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.327 0.133 -0.026 -0.38 6.703 0.809 -0.152 0.129 -0.228 -0.011 0.284 0.00 0.40 146.011 -0.225 -0.574 -0.014 -0.011 0.506 0.005 0.00 0.002 -0.328 0.90 16.128 SE= 0.143 0.00 0.00 0.098 -0.707 0.223 0.332 0.014 -0.36 -62.006 0.00 0.565 0.00 MOM-Y 0.00 0.25 11.37 226.08 -16.32 -16.00 0.

102 0.000 -0.004 S2= -0.285 0.741 -0.000 0.064 -0.428 -0.474 0.153 0.Part I .066 0.202 -0.160 -0.024 -0.928 -0.317 -0.011 0.498 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.036 0.096 -0.024 0.093 0.146 -0.619 0.147 0.136 0.497 0.008 0.806 -0.003 0.043 -0.704 0.724 -0.065 0.001 -0.001 -0.003 -0.000 0.046 -0.088 0.000 0.001 -0.147 -0.822 0.001 0.191 0.001 -0.034 -0.024 -0.487 0.005 -0.036 -0.707 0.005 -0.186 -0.114 0.210 0.001 -0.001 -0.263 0.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.045 0.098 -0.005 -0.366 -0.032 0.065 0.210 -0.213 SE= -0.011 0.707 0.001 -0.052 0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.082 -0.160 0.112 -0.630 0.998 -0.108 0.076 0.428 -1.000 0.283 -0.238 0.083 -0.000 0.125 -0.314 -0.000 0.106 -0.428 -0.376 0.078 -0.057 0.013 -0.105 0.016 -0.083 0.046 0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.386 0.098 -0.064 -0.201 S2= 0.005 0.228 0.087 0.971 .023 0.908 0.060 -0.618 0.334 -0.254 -0.016 -0.026 -0.300 0.020 0.705 1.001 -0.345 0.232 -0.515 0.050 -0.001 0.062 0.046 S3= -0.008 -0.001 -0.472 0.008 0.000 -0.001 0.001 0.001 -0.220 0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.014 -0.716 0.001 -0.125 0.708 -1.007 -0.152 -0.032 -0.082 0.030 0.060 0.649 0.019 -0.170 -0.360 -0.021 0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.001 -0.024 -0.009 0.035 1.041 -0.078 -0.002 -0.242 0.082 0.001 -0.035 -0.092 1.022 -0.161 0.329 -0.030 0.000 0.402 0.030 -0.054 S3= 0.602 0.153 0.031 0.036 0.109 0.020 0.040 0.067 0.092 0.008 0.023 -0.001 -0.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.136 -0.026 -0.001 -0.317 -0.000 0.183 0.033 0.001 -0.146 -0.013 -0.049 -0.051 -0.273 -0.751 0.060 0.008 0.253 -0.867 0.341 SE= -0.878 0.484 0.001 S2= -0.181 -0.228 0.218 0.012 -0.024 -0.286 -0.073 0.008 -0.025 -0.003 -0.552 0.001 0.085 -0.051 -0.273 0.243 SE= -0.001 0.707 0.081 0.007 0.051 0.082 -0.354 0.496 -0.795 0.140 -0.234 -0.001 0.004 S3= -0.099 1.112 -0.003 0.070 0.093 S3= 0.043 -0.024 SE= -0.001 -0.249 0.330 0.022 0.115 -0.051 S2= -0.001 -0.112 -0.119 0.000 0.024 -0.008 0.001 S3= 0.001 -0.053 S2= 0.225 -0.000 0.259 0.Application Examples 240 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.163 0.011 SE= 0.045 -0.402 -0.027 -0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.240 0.819 0.472 0.165 -0.497 -0.108 0.227 -0.138 0.452 -0.160 -0.707 0.022 -0.004 -0.008 -0.052 -0.329 0.296 0.024 -0.551 0.181 -0.001 -0.235 -0.257 0.158 -0.512 1.675 0.490 0.012 0.051 0.247 0.019 0.177 0.428 0.005 -0.005 0.343 0.001 -0.011 0.027 0.126 -0.670 -0.341 0.552 -0.324 1.008 -0.054 -0.670 0.126 0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.001 -0.

000 0.000 0.129 -0.081 -0.255 -0.065 0.020 -0.149 0.707 0.000 0.245 -0.234 0.019 -0.463 -1.304 -0.000 0.489 0.088 -0.233 -0.259 0.206 S3= -0.024 0.049 -0.064 0.000 0.279 -0.024 0.025 -0.605 -0.000 0.813 -1.101 -0.233 -0.397 -0.010 -0.034 -0.013 -0.000 -0.024 0.039 -0.031 0.014 -0.507 0.000 -0.822 -0.056 0.010 -0.000 0.052 S2= -0.000 0.033 0.000 0.000 0.048 0.005 S2= -0.037 0.014 -0.160 -0.429 -0.061 0.021 -0.550 -0.363 -0.024 0.802 0.469 -0.000 0.053 -0.242 -0.024 0.000 0.049 -0.609 -0.057 -0.401 -0.100 -0.000 -0.000 0.550 0.217 241 .024 0.879 -0.000 0.024 0.766 -0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.128 -0.111 -0.034 0.000 0.174 -0.735 0.041 -0.032 -0.108 0.000 -0.000 0.230 -0.021 -0.024 0.323 -0.585 -0.120 -0.458 0.472 0.003 -0.028 -0.350 -0.819 -0.018 0.000 -0.047 0.004 -0.420 -0.000 -0.083 -0.038 0.053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= 4 23 4 27 4 28 4 24 4 43 4 47 4 48 4 44 -0.000 0.298 SE= 0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.040 -0.056 0.043 -0.000 0.707 0.000 -0.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.091 -0.000 0.253 0.042 -0.076 0.312 -0.119 -0.070 -0.000 -0.210 S3= -0.057 0.029 -0.000 0.317 -0.055 0.335 0.056 -0.042 SE= -0.072 -0.094 0.041 0.262 -0.014 -0.103 -0.789 0.051 -0.422 0.874 -0.000 0.274 -0.526 -0.069 0.236 -0.023 -0.047 -0.000 0.024 0.017 0.484 0.012 -0.182 0.015 -0.044 -0.001 S3= 0.323 -0.411 0.064 -0.000 -0.000 0.028 -0.013 -0.334 -0.000 0.077 0.018 -0.165 -0.005 0.000 0.000 0.009 -0.019 -0.351 SE= 0.018 -0.064 0.000 0.024 0.006 -0.039 -0.000 0.046 -0.134 0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.000 -0.822 0.046 0.014 0.240 -0.314 0.016 0.002 0.323 0.053 0.204 -0.674 0.190 0.000 S3= 0.055 -0.316 0.399 -0.000 -0.007 0.056 0.540 -1.901 0.000 0.397 -0.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.084 0.006 -0.733 -1.278 -0.102 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.003 -0.000 0.285 -0.203 -0.000 0.000 S2= 0.102 0.047 S2= -0.457 -0.291 -0.177 -0.036 0.479 0.388 0.707 -0.024 SE= 0.000 0.320 0.000 -0.128 -0.294 -0.555 0.076 0.000 0.514 -0.196 0.030 0.

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Example Problem 24 NOTES 243 .

Application Examples 244 Example Problem 24 NOTES .Part I .

25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members.Example Problem 25 Example Problem No. Since the structural condition is load dependent. 245 . the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case.

it is necessary to have 2 commands. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR COMPRESSION MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. This structure is a PLANE frame. the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. 3 0 20 . It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. To accommodate these requirements. The second line is an optional comment line. 5 15 10 . 2 0 10 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. Consequently.Part I . with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only. . Also. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 4 15 20 . UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are specified above. This is because. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 6 15 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above.

if during the analysis. Hence for each load case. DENSITY is not specified since selfweight does not happen to be one of the load cases being solved for. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 247 .0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. 10 2 5 Member numbers. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of E. 7 2 6 . 8 2 4 . any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 9 3 5 .Example Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 . are defined above. and the joints between which they are connected. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. This model contains 10 members. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 Properties for members 1 to 10 are defined as the STandard W12X26 section from the American AISC steel table.

joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5. any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. these members cannot be accessed for further processing.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 25 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 In load case 2.Part I . Without the re-activation. CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis. The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again. . Next. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are once again declared compression-only for the load case to follow. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again.

the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -15 5 FX –10 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3.0 2 1. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. 249 .0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. support reactions and member forces to the output file. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously.Example Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. In other words. are recognized as the "active" load cases. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements.

Application Examples 250 Example Problem 25 FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Part I . .

14. 5 15 10 . 8 2 4 . Case= 2 1 iterations. 12. JOINT LOAD 29. 5. LOAD 2 28. 33. 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. Case= CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. LOAD LIST ALL 251 . 4 FX -10 30. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.1 MB **START ITERATION NO. 16.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8. 2 iterations. 6 TO 9 27. 1 2 iterations. 18. 3.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 39. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0/ 3142.3 MB. 19. 10. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 36. 4 15 20 . 7 2 6 .Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. MEMBER COMPRESSION 26. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. 3 0 20 . 38. DISK SPACE = 12. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32. 34. 9.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 9 3 5 . CHANGE 40. 17.0 2 1. 5 FX -15 31. 21. 2. EXMEM = 568. 15. 4. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 23. 11. CHANGE 25. 37. 20. 35. 2 0 10 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 22. 13. Intl. 6. 7.

15 -6.00 0.00000 0.88 0.00 0.32 -11.00 0.58 6.00 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.18 -23.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.33 -23.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.03 -0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 -15.00000 0.07775 -0.00373 0.00 0.24 2 3 2 3 2 3 -6.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 2.07766 0.03 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.47 1.00000 0.00000 0.13 -0.00001 -0.24 -0.00 3.00 0.03 -0.00 0.00 0.00381 0.00 0.15 -0.00 0.00000 0.00024 0.50 2.00000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 0.15 -0.79 2.90 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.13 24.00000 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.33 0.00001 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00080 0.00025 0.00 0.00004 MOM Z 0.24 0.24 -0.00 0.00 0.00050 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.58 6.01262 -0.05088 0.00364 0.00 -15.00001 -0.00000 0.07766 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00015 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.04314 -0.01618 -0.00041 0.32 -15.00 -25.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.70 -11.22 -0.00000 0.00 0.22 0.00 0.00 0.00004 -0.00000 0.00 0.90 -6.79 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.00000 0.03 0.03 0.00000 0.30 11.00 0.05088 -0.28 -6.11 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00000 0.00 0.01618 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00015 0.00364 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.24 0.00 0.00 15.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.79 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00000 0.00215 -0.00022 -0.00 0.73 15.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 -0.00080 0.00000 0.00 -3.11 -0.50 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 0.00000 0.00 0.00025 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.74 5 6 5 6 5 6 6.00 0.13 -0.90 0.33 23.73 0.90 -1.00000 0.00 0.00 0.70 -2.00 0.00255 0.33 0.00 0.00050 -0.00022 0.00 0.00041 0.00 0.47 1.00 0.79 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.30 -2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -23.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 12.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.22 -0.00381 0.13 -0.00000 0.58 0.13 -2.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 25 41.00 0.18 -24.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00215 -0.00000 0.00 0.70 -12.00000 0.00000 0.00024 -0.15 -2.00373 0.70 0.87 0.00 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 1 2 3 .33 6.00000 0.00000 0.15 -0.11 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00000 0.33 -1.50 2.24 0.33 23.00 23.00000 0.00 0.87 2.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.90 -23.00255 0.00 0.00 0.04314 -0.58 -2.00000 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .11 6.00 0.30 15.00 11.22 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.00 0.00000 0.11 -0.28 -0.11 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.47 0.01262 0.00 0.33 23.74 -0.00000 0.00001 -0.13 0.07775 -0.11 -0.00 0.00 0.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.

00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -28.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 28.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.51 -4.00 0.60 -11.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.co.00 0.00 0.51 -4.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.66 0.00 0.00 0.55 8.60 0.00 0.00 0.66 -2.55 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -0.00 0.00 0.60 -28.00 0.22 28.00 0.50 0.55 9.00 0.63 -29.00 0.63 2.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.co.00 0.32 -0.55 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -29.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 11.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.00 29.63 0.00 0.00 0.66 -2.00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.98 -8.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 4.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -11.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 29.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro.net * ************************************************************ 253 .00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.98 -0.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 254 Example Problem 25 NOTES .

the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. 255 .Example Problem 26 Example Problem No. 26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. Using the master-slave command.

UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the data to follow. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . . Y and Z axes. 7 9 10 9 . 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 73 42 46 75 . 118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. The second line is an optional title to identify this project. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 46 61 62 48 . 22 29 30 24 .Application Examples 256 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. are then deleted. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 4 5 6 6 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 .Part I . 109 50 34 111 . The unwanted joints. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . created during the generation process used above. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 64 26 30 66 . 55 10 14 57 . 91 26 10 93 . 82 58 62 84 . 100 38 22 102 . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 37 49 50 39 .

75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. Built-in default values for steel and 257 . the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above. and Density are specified.Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American table. Poisson's Ratio.

0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20. The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.0 33.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60. The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.Part I .Application Examples 258 Example Problem 26 concrete for these quantities are assigned. It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter.0 The above data describe a static load case.0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5.0 17.0 . LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 49.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.

LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.Example Problem 26 The above data describe a second static load case. then print member forces for two members. then print support reactions at selected joints. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure. 259 . PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.0 In the above static load case. plate element pressure loading on a floor is applied in the negative global Y direction. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints.

* * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. Intl. 100 38 22 102 . 25. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 .Application Examples 260 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6. 67. 118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. 40.0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10. 55. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 .Part I . 29. 48. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 70. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 4 5 6 6 . 60. 22 29 30 24 . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 36. 59. 9. 39. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 56. 71. 37. 7. 68. 37 49 50 39 . 12. 5.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. 55 10 14 57 . 51. 46 61 62 48 .0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30. 63.0 33. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 22. 7 9 10 9 . 64 26 30 66 . 31.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10. 34. 14.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. 23. 19. 32. 30. 26. 45. 33. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 .0 17. 65. 42. STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 .0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47. 18. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 16. 2.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20. 52. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 .0 49. 27. 109 50 34 111 . 28. 82 58 62 84 . 49. 43.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. 61. 15.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. 62. 11.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.0 . 54.0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. 46. 3. 69. 58.75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. 20. 44. 17.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. 38. 8. 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 47. 72. 66. 91 26 10 93 . 13. 21. 73 42 46 75 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.

PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00363 -0.01 0.00056 -0.00167 -0.00 7.87442 -0.00495 -0.00 0.07468 -0.00 0.00791 -0.00014 0.00054 0.00363 -0.45739 8.00207 -0.32 125.34 0.58 2 3 115 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 261 .KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.32921 8.00 0.02065 -0.13263 6.34 -129.07454 0.00056 -0.45046 0.82 1835.00056 -0.00059 0.00031 0.88242 0.00041 -0.00056 -0.70 -7.10 129.02166 1.41 336. 78.00 4.00041 -0.04609 1.50252 -0.01 0.00 0.32921 8.87442 -0.00159 0.02679 -0.06978 -0.00452 -0.01536 -0.34 -0.73 -4.39 0.23216 0.00028 0.00 0.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.01 0.06978 -0.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.00056 -0. DISK SPACE = 12.04704 -0.83 1407.33161 -0.96702 -0.00000 0.34 0.00041 -0.04703 0.Example Problem 26 73.06556 -1.00041 -0.23 -85. 77.87442 -0.64214 -0.00 0.86713 0.08468 -0. 76.00017 -0.00 0.00108 0.32921 8.00008 -0.00503 -0.06312 -0.19716 0.32921 8.04716 0.00166 0.04919 0.00 0.00 0.07454 0. 80.00 0.64214 -0.09027 0.01 0.09261 0.00024 0.45739 8.02679 -0.00649 0.96702 -0.00 0.00363 -0.00041 -0.02716 0.00140 -0.86781 -0.00 -0.59584 0.00162 0.84 -85.00002 0.00041 -0.00056 -0.73 5.00 0.00 0.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.00057 -0.13263 6. 74.09027 8.09268 -21.21215 -0.38 208.10 -5.45739 8.96702 -0.00 0.00041 -0.1 MB 82.32 0.00 0.04712 0.00031 -0.33161 -0.19363 -0.87442 -0.14 -137.01 -0.5/ 3142.00056 -0.00 322.00088 -0.88 -137.00030 0.00001 0.00058 -0.02115 -1.00 0.00120 0.00 0.00 0.00363 -0.00 0.00 0.09261 0.00625 0.00041 -0.00 198.00 0.00 0. EXMEM = 568.00 0.07792 0.32 -0.00046 -0.07823 -0.00036 -0.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 83.00056 -0.00 0.00 0.09027 8.00 0.00090 0.07452 -0.08128 -0.00028 -0.09268 -0.39 -125.13263 6.02678 -0.00792 0.00014 0.09027 8.45739 8.00363 -0. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.94 58 42 58 42 58 42 0.00103 0.45046 -0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 20/ 17/ 113 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.49676 0.00 0.51350 -0.2 MB.21215 -21.49676 0.00102 0.00 0.00363 -0.00363 -0.00025 -0.32 -8.25499 -0.01 0.13263 6.96702 -0.59584 0.00363 -0.13 1173.00 0.23216 0.00 -0.70 8.00059 -0.27 1696.00245 0.25499 -0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 18 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.00 0. 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.

47 -483.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.Pro.76 -58.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.87 -58. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.91 -470.17 1732.01 0.74 -11.co.00 0.55 92.52 -91.51 51.82 -54.01 0.Part I .26 -469.37 53.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.25 -54.co.com * * Europe support@reel.53 -54.68 -55.63 487.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.03 0.98 -28.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.reiusa.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.03 0.65 31.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.60 -69.56 -500.36 68.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Application Examples 262 Example Problem 26 84.10 7.31 70.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 50.net * ************************************************************ .96 0.co.13 -500.14 1731.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.90 -257.69 231.54 -14.

Example Problem 26 NOTES 263 .

Part I .Application Examples 264 Example Problem 26 NOTES .

Example Problem 27 Example Problem No. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. 265 . The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. 27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed.

0 REPEAT 3 8. Y and Z axes.0 0.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 6. To accommodate these requirements. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.0 0. Also. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.0 12.0 0.167 4 0.Part I .0 0. Consequently. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.5 6 0.0 36.0 3 0.0 0. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0.0 0.0 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.0 20.0 0.0 6.5 0.0 0. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.Application Examples 266 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. .0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 0.5 feet.0 28.0 0. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line.5 0. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.333 5 0.0 0.0 40.0 REPEAT 3 8. the joint number followed by the X. 3 times.5 7 0.0 2 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. it is necessary to have 2 commands.

0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES.Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and the data is used as the basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.0 ALL POISSON 0.0 267 . UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8. UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute. CONSTANTS E 4000. The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later).0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8.

Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.7 27 FY -1085.Part I . The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu. 8 9 FY -109.4 22 23 FY -410. 26 FY -542. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.7 6 FY -617.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.50 kip/sq.50 The above data describe a static load case. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade modulus of soil. 5 FY -308. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.2 .ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126.5 47 54 82 FY -264.ft. A pressure load of 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint. 29 30 FY -205.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate support springs which are effective in the global Y direction.

2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.7 27 FY -542.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528. 5 FY -150.4 22 23 FY -205.0 120 121 FY 108.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.0 FY -109.0 FY -273.0 FY -217. 26 FY -271.3 FY -546. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 113 114 FY 54.0 104 FY 487.0 FY -974.7 6 FY -310.5 47 54 82 FY -132.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.0 103 FY 243.0 99 100 FY 205.0 FY -410.0 FY -487.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153. 8 9 FY -50.0 269 . 29 30 FY -102.3 92 93 FY 102. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case.3 FY -205. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command.

. The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis.3 FY 273. are obtained for load case 3. element stresses for elements 34 and 67. LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end. and support reactions at a list of joints.Application Examples 270 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136. with the help of the above commands.Part I . FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.

29.0/ 40260. 16.0 0.0 3 0. 12.0 0. 33.0 36.0 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11. 14.0 0.0 0. 36.7 MB **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations. 26.0 REPEAT 3 8. 30. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.00 = 0.333 5 0.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.5 0. 39.167 4 0. 4. 3.0 0.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.0 6. 9.5 0.0 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800.00 1 ) 1 1 271 .0 0. 7.0 CONSTANTS E 4000.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 18.0 REPEAT 5 6.00 = -7740.0 0. 25. 41. 10.0 28. 8.0 0. 21. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 2.0 20.03 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.0 0.0 40.0 REPEAT 3 8.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740. 40. 32.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 2 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 22. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 17.0 12. 28. 15. 13.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.01 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 43. 24. 35.0 0. Intl.0 ALL POISSON 0. 37. DISK SPACE = 13. 20.5 7 0.0 0. 6.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0.5 6 0.

00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253. 58.0 113 114 FY -109.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.00000E+00 0 RX= 9.02 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.66 MY= 0. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.00000E+00 0 RX= 7. 51.09725E+01 120 Z = 0.5 47 54 82 FY -264.50000E+00 1 Z = 0.0 99 100 FY -410.90 = 0. 68. 26 FY -542.Application Examples 272 Example Problem 27 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800. 60.69957E-02 6 2 ) 884991.4 22 23 FY -410. 55.47 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 2 2 . 63. 62.01 MY= 0. 56.00000E+00 0 Y = -1.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 59. 57. 8 9 FY -109. 50.00 MZ= 499230.51342E-10 121 RY= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= -4. 48.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9. 47.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.0 104 FY -974.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528. 5 FY -308. 65.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964. 49. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.3 125 FY -546.3 92 93 FY -205.89606E-02 99 RY= 0.66 MY= 0.00 MZ= 2 ) -884991. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 61.7 6 FY -617. 64. 46.19726E-10 80 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 44.0 124 FY -273. 53.0 103 FY -487.7 27 FY -1085. 29 30 FY -205.00 = -13964.Part I . 52. 66.0 120 121 FY -217.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 54.

5 84. JOINT LOADS 75.2 85. 4 **START ITERATION NO.00 MZ= 3 ) -478687.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.0 91. 2 **START ITERATION NO. 27 FY -542. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.83669E+01 120 Z = 0.00000E+00 0 RX= -1. 26 FY -271. 113 114 FY 54. 47 54 82 FY -132. 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519.6 95. ELEMENT LOAD 73. 77. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153. LOAD LIST 3 98.4 83.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.7 78. 103 FY 243. 99 100 FY 205.0 90.36 MY= 0. 120 121 FY 108.0 87. 80. 76.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533.50 74.22268E-01 120 RY= 0. 1 2 FY -100.10 = 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 3 3 273 . 5 FY -150.3 86. 3 **START ITERATION NO.4 79.78 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 97. 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.Example Problem 27 69.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00000E+00 0 Y = 2. 81. 8 9 FY -50. 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 89. 6 FY -310. 104 FY 487. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START ITERATION NO. 124 FY 136. CHANGE 71.7 82.09786E-01 125 3 ) 478687. 48 55 76 83 FY -264.0 88. 92 93 FY 102.0 92. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' 72.00000E+00 0 RZ= 1. 29 30 FY -102.3 93. 125 FY 273.36 MY= 0.00 = -10533. 22 23 FY -205.

08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 99.74 2.00000 0.83 1303. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.29 SMAX= 1074.62 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.09579 -0.074621E+03 -1.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.00 0.44 1449.00 0.00 202.06506 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.249564E+02 67 3 1.00000 0.25 SMIN= -30.81 202.13 101.00 0.2 ANGLE= -34.96 43.074621E+03 PLATE NO.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.00000 X-ROTAN -0.49737 0.09437 -0.38 1303.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.00000 0.00 0.00 0.10056 0.91 SMAX= 375.303438E+03 67 3 1. 67 67 CASE NO.00 0.06 168.00 148.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.00 ANGLE= -27.00 0.00000 0.25 SMAX= 171.10 149.00 0.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 27 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.91 SMIN= -1074.96 0.21 -57.44 0. 3 3 7.17264 14.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .2 5.00000 0.58 0.13 6.00 724.45 188.00 0.36691 22. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -4.00000 0.00 0.50 188.00 0.08 153.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6.449913E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 100.11615 Y-ROTAN 0.96 724.51 0.00000 0.53915 28.12227 -0.00 6.1 ANGLE= -27.00 0.00 0.62 SMAX= 30.81 0.29 TMAX= ANGLE= -34.06945 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.64 3 TOP : BOTT: 37.00 1449.00 101.99 0.60 0.00000 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0.00 0.

FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.net * ************************************************************ 275 .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.Pro.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * Europe support@reel.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.reiusa.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Example Problem 27 101.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.

Part I .Application Examples 276 Example Problem 27 NOTES .

pier-cap girders and a deck slab. 28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below. The structure consists of piers.Example Problem 28 Example Problem No. 277 .

joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation. we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure. 4 9 0 0. Y and Z axes. 3 6. the above command is required. the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters. Y and Z coordinates are specified first. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file. the joint number followed by the X. . using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis. The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. Next.Part I . Following this.5 0 0.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0.5 0 0. 5 11.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. To achieve this. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 6 15. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25).5 0 0. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error. UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above. 2 4 0 0. We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands. in 3 successive operations. 63 new joints are generated. 11 -1 10 0 25 16.

52 52 65 68 68 76 . by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment). DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 279 . 51 51 63 . 5 5 21 . member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. 70 70 80 . 50 50 61 . 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. 303 to 316. 29 29 40 . Then.Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers. The above method. 48 48 57 . Details of this command is available in Section 5. is the explicit definition method. No generation is involved here. MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 28 28 38 . we create members 202 to 215. 30 30 42 . 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. Similarly. 49 49 59 . and. 2 2 15 . 404 to 417. 71 71 82 . The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. 4 4 19 . the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated. 31 31 44 47 47 55 .11 of the Technical Reference manual. 69 69 78 . 27 27 36 . 72 72 84 .Pro's graphical viewing facilities. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. For example. 3 3 17 .

plates and beams are properly connected. we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. and 12 along the edges BC and DA. In other words.14 of the Technical Reference manual. we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 . B.Part I . Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element. etc. At every node along their common boundary. Similarly.5 10 14 . It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. 25. Details of the above can be found in Section 5.Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements. we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. D 3 10 14 . and another 168 for the 3rd span. 168 elements are created for the 2nd span. from the superelement bound by the corners A. These are the elements which make up the first span. Alternatively. C and D (which in turn are nodes 11.5 10 0 . we use a technique called mesh generation. with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD. 46 and 32). there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements. C 20. Thus. The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . For example. Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements. For this. B 16. A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32.

Example Problem 28

and vice versa. The tools of the graphical user interface may be
used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this
model.
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups.
Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be
used to refer to a cluster of entities, such as members. For our
structure, the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called
GIRDERS, the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS, and so
on. For the deck, a few selected elements are chosen into a few
selective groups. The reason is that these elements happen to be
right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the
frequency calculation.
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections
for the girders, and prismatic circular sections for the columns.
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375

281

Part I - Application Examples

282

Example Problem 28

The plate elements of the deck slab, which happen to be at a Y
elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11
metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms.
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq.mm for all
members. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.
Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also
assigned to ALL members and elements.
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
Following a change of units, density of concrete is specified.
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports).
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
Theoretically, a structure has as many modes of vibration as the
number of degrees of freedom in the model. However, the
limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes
may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted. In a
large structure, the extraction process can also be very time
consuming. Further, not all modes are of equal importance. (One
measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of
that mode.) In many cases, the first few modes may be sufficient to
obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response.
Due to these reasons, in the absence of any explicit instruction,
STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. This is like saying that
the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified.

Example Problem 28

(Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD.Pro 2000 calculated only 3
modes by default).
If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall
vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained, one may
ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with
the help of this command. The number that follows this command
is the number of modes being requested. In our example, we are
asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65.
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD
YRA 9 11 PR GX 200
YRA 9 11 PR GY 200
YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200
* VEHICLES ON SPANS - ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED
ELEMENT LOAD
_P1 PR GY 700
_P2 PR GY 700
_P3 PR GY 700
_P4 PR GY 700
_P5 PR GY 700
_P6 PR GY 700
_P1 PR GZ 700
_P2 PR GZ 700
_P3 PR GZ 700
_P4 PR GZ 700
_P5 PR GZ 700
_P6 PR GZ 700
The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen
extraction method. Some information on this is available in
Section 1.18.3 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference Manual.

283

Part I - Application Examples

284

Example Problem 28

The method involves 2 matrices - the stiffness matrix, and the
mass matrix.
The stiffness matrix, usually called the [K] matrix, is assembled
using data such as member and element lengths, member and
element properties, modulus of elasticty, Poisson's ratio, member
and element releases, member offsets, support information, etc.
For assembling the mass matrix, called the [M] matrix, STAAD
uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL
CAL REQ command is specified. So, some of the important
aspects to bear in mind are :
1.

The input you specify is weights, not masses. Internally,
STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input
by "g", the acceleration due to gravity.

2.

If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame, there are 2
possible directions of vibration - global X, and global Y. If
the structure is declared as a SPACE frame, there are 3
possible directions - global X, global Y and global Z.
However, this does not guarantee that STAAD will
automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the
available directions.
You have control over and are responsible for specifying the
directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. In other
words, if a weight is not specified along a certain direction,
the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example,
global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a
contribution in the mass matrix. The mass matrix is
assembled using only the masses from the weights and
directions specified by the user.
In our example, notice that we are specifying the selfweight
along global X, Y and Z directions. Similarly, a 200 kg/sq.m
pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the
deck.

Example Problem 28

But for the truck loads, we choose to apply it on just a few
elements in the global Y and Z directions only. The reasoning
is something like - for the X direction, the mass is not
capable of vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll
along X. Remember, this is just a demonstration example, not
necessarily what you may wish to do.
The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to
restrict a certain weight to certain directions only, all he/she
has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights
cannot vibrate in.
3.

As much as possible, provide absolute values for the weights.
STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at
nodes. So, if some weights are specified as positive numbers
and others as negative, the total weight at a given node is the
algebraic summation of all the weights in the global
directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this
algebraic resultant.
MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED

This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and
modes should be calculated. It is specified inside a load case. In
other words, this command accompanies the loads that are to be
used in generating the mass matrix.
Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic
analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is
carried out. But in such analyses, the MODAL CALCULATION
REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. When STAAD
encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11)
and time history (see examples 16 and 22), it automatically will
carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL ..
command.

285

Part I - Application Examples

286

Example Problem 28

PERFORM ANALYSIS
This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the
frequencies. Frequencies, periods and participation factors are
automatically reported in the output file when the operation is
completed.
FINISH
This terminates the STAAD run.

Example Problem 28
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STAAD.Pro
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Version
Bld
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE
IGNORE LIST
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 4 0 0; 3 6.5 0 0; 4 9 0 0; 5 11.5 0 0; 6 15.5 0 0
11 -1 10 0 25 16.5 10 0
REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14
MEMBER INCI
1 1 13 ; 2 2 15 ; 3 3 17 ; 4 4 19 ; 5 5 21 ; 6 6 23
26 26 34 ; 27 27 36 ; 28 28 38 ; 29 29 40 ; 30 30 42 ; 31 31 44
47 47 55 ; 48 48 57 ; 49 49 59 ; 50 50 61 ; 51 51 63 ; 52 52 65
68 68 76 ; 69 69 78 ; 70 70 80 ; 71 71 82 ; 72 72 84 ; 73 73 86
101 11 12 114
202 32 33 215
303 53 54 316
404 74 75 417
DEFINE MESH
A JOINT 11
B JOINT 25
C JOINT 46
D JOINT 32
E JOINT 67
F JOINT 53
G JOINT 88
H JOINT 74
GENERATE ELEMENT
MESH ABCD 14 12
MESH DCEF 14 12
MESH FEGH 14 12
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD

287

4/ 40260. 90.909E-16 6.253E-16 2.462E-16 5.05778 0.363 10.NO.09316 0.07311 0. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1.NO.076 4.22130 0.000E+00 1. 83. 97. ELEM. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED. ELEM.08961 0. 96.754 4.000E+00 .373 4.636 2.000E+00 0.26636 0.08007 0.08869 0.465E-16 5.08388 0. 88.05635 0.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 28 79.06824 0.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ 584/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 496/ 24/ 150 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 81. 93.314E-16 3.238 7.08638 0.000E+00 2.466E-16 0. 94. YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS . 85. 87. 86.762 15.488 13. DISK SPACE = 23.24532 0.733E-16 6.199E-16 0. 89.146E-16 4.000E+00 3. 84.519 4.06774 0.999E-16 5.38433 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 500 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 80.06612 0.05070 0.275 11. 100. 95.683 5.549E-16 5.125 17.08454 0.13582 0.05721 0.61111 0. 99.34695 0.09671 0.308 17.189 7. ELEM. 92.602 2.577 11.677 14.158E-16 2.NO.654 14.229E-16 2.085 12.155E-16 3.343E-16 2.08275 0.025E-16 8.882 3.014E-16 3.436E-16 1.829 11.05020 ACCURACY 0. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.033E-16 7.734 11.553E-16 0.278E-16 3.22870 0.646E-16 0.725 19.Part I .13815 0.160 11.028 7.5 MB 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.747 19.076E-16 6.921 12.921 0.000E+00 9.341 10.13911 0.19889 0.478 17.21355 0.719E-16 1.

845 21.876E-16 4.279E-15 5.501 31.02863 0.336E-16 0.04531 0.723E-05 6.366E-11 3.927 36.03600 0.146 21.013E-06 3.02499 0.03384 0.902E-07 6.992 31.04729 0.985E-06 2.02844 0.162 35.290E-14 2.411 35.804 30.009 32.02375 0.985 24.101 34.518 40.03662 0.03785 0.02468 0.891 44.676E-16 6.655 25. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.369E-05 289 .186E-10 6.02253 0.Example Problem 28 MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 20.02363 0.529 38.02216 ACCURACY 4.559E-07 1.02738 0.110 42.034E-15 2.043E-14 2.070 23.618 20.154E-05 1.088E-06 6.923 35. MODE 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 40.585 38.574 32.776 28.536 20.540E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.03043 0.02576 0.523 42.133E-12 1.012E-09 2.02342 0.134 0.878E-09 1.986E-14 1.426 21.305 27.972 29.03355 0.04169 0.947E-12 7.03070 0.395 45.013 40. These are for information only and will not be used.03926 0.03452 0.03846 0.701 42.03174 0.02331 0.550 29.863 34.313E-13 6.318 42.04587 0.03730 0.04319 0.471E-12 1.02532 ACCURACY 0.02932 0.04797 0.518 23.000E+00 6.132E-05 7.02221 0.02824 0.02444 0.801 22.826 39.182E-16 2.442E-05 4.422 26.808 27.052E-15 8.690 32.494 PERIOD(SEC) 0.03156 0.277E-10 3.204E-16 7.02408 0. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.998E-16 3.276E-13 3.02783 0.082E-08 4.04869 0.03227 0.03124 0.04056 0.272E-09 9.002 26.04252 0.02592 0. To use these frequencies.04850 0.701E-09 2.986E-06 9.000E+00 4.580E-16 1.469 26.153 23.399E-07 2.924 41.803E-11 1.025 45.403E-06 6.878E-16 5.04667 0.452E-16 1.007E-16 3.

03 0.856 99.17 0.976 99.202 99.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.19 0.00 0.859 99.00 0.740 99.48 0.860 99.923 99.151 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.033 73.042 99.858 99.319 65.974 99.01 0.00 0.981 99.764 74.00 0.973 99.02 0.00 0.860 99.01 0.00 0.00 0.868 99.730 73.00 0.00 0.939 99.Part I .859 99.973 99.00 0.53 0.855 99.854 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.985 99.973 99.06 0.00 0.575 30.00 0.765 99.00 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.768 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.973 99.00 0.04 0.972 99.969 68.857 99.857 99.00 0.00 0.868 99.00 0.364 56.00 0.358 56.973 99.15 0.368 56.00 0.974 99.972 99.859 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.326 99.00 0.611 73.09 0.735 99.858 99.909 99.00 0.968 73.974 99.858 99.623 73.974 99.00 0.00 0.985 99.135 99.135 99.736 67.53 0.736 99.02 0.00 0.00 0.854 99.858 99.204 99.00 0.965 99.00 3.116 72.384 56.00 0.02 0.204 99.467 74.00 0.973 99.622 73.856 99.00 3.214 65.00 0.965 99.00 0.00 0.59 0.610 73.00 0.911 99.01 0.00 0.00 0.226 73.937 99.00 26.932 67.14 0.00 0.26 0.01 0.00 0.057 73.79 0.766 99.753 99.01 0.868 99.768 99.00 0.973 99.858 99.856 99.226 73.732 61.741 99.383 56.00 0.42 0.973 99.42 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.972 99.940 99.012 99.00 0.737 65.740 99.00 0.740 55.01 0.740 99.355 56.00 0.937 99.979 56.00 0.11 0.973 99.00 0.971 99.00 0.869 0.144 74.948 99.00 0.00 0.857 99.973 99.00 0.062 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.205 61.00 0.753 99.00 0.00 0.01 0.972 99.00 0.00 0.767 99.00 0.00 0.05 0.971 99.349 56.859 99.00 0.591 57.00 0.00 0.972 99.856 99.857 99.832 99.856 99.758 73.898 99.965 99.00 0.00 0.04 99.754 99.151 99.23 0.00 0.136 99.00 0.905 72.974 99.02 0.927 55.980 73.969 55.00 0.00 99.326 99.823 73.00 0.00 0.00 0.970 74.856 99.740 99.947 99.00 4.00 0.940 99.858 99.00 0.14 0.01 0.00 0.856 99.00 0.736 99.Application Examples 290 Example Problem 28 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 X Y Z 0.27 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.000 0.229 3.00 0.972 99.975 99.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.000 55.536 3.587 55.676 58.00 0.407 74.767 99.496 3.00 0.00 0.326 99.06 0.856 99.02 0.00 2.00 0.973 99.13 0.923 99.766 99.006 74.04 0.09 0.00 0.754 99.01 0.965 99.00 0.07 0.354 56.889 99.364 56.308 65.984 99.00 0.15 0.01 0.861 99.829 99.865 99.562 56.00 0.00 0.000 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.53 0.354 56.00 0.37 0.02 0.326 99.611 73.56 0.970 99.967 67.858 99.01 0.01 0.364 56.151 99.00 3.871 55.04 0.971 99.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.736 65.985 99.062 99.151 99.18 0.852 99.30 0.831 73.926 67.112 99.986 .971 99.00 0.972 99.974 99.05 0.06 0.736 73.736 99.05 0.00 0.969 55.06 0.00 0.00 0.061 99.38 0.

jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * Europe support@reel.Example Problem 28 102.co.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.Pro.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.net * ************************************************************ 291 .reiusa.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.

13815 0.466E-16 6 4.683 0.000E+00 10 7.641E-16 8 4.13582 0.344E-16 2 2. (This file can be viewed from File . we obtain a report.View .STAAD output).363 0.22870 6.Part I .22130 5.882 0.61111 1. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.076 0.666E-16 4 3.34695 8.602 0.26636 0.519 0.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete.916E-16 11 7.636 0.000E+00 . (i) Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes.754 0.Output File .189 0.025E-16 7 4.13911 8.238 0. look at the output file.19889 0.38433 0.24532 3.21355 5.000E+00 3 2.000E+00 12 7.253E-16 9 5.000E+00 5 4.373 0.028 0.

One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X. we barely obtained 60%. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure.326 10 0.19 99. the first 2 modes are sufficient.736 55.27 0.04 0.00 99.04 percent participation.00 26.00 99.151 3.14 0.136 9 0.00 99.042 2 99.00 99.00 0.04 0. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction.00 99.536 99. But for the Y direction.00 99.736 55. even with 10 modes.Example Problem 28 (ii) Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.13 0.00 25.02 99.062 5 0.00 0.229 99.735 55.135 8 0.000 99. The out-of-plane flexible nature of 293 .00 3.740 99.871 99.151 0.00 0.012 0. we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode.04 0.151 3.151 0.01 0. The SUMM-X.000 99.112 6 0.05 99.326 11 0.062 4 0. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode.202 3. The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes.326 12 0.496 99.326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.575 99.42 0.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0.969 99.00 99. the first mode has a 99.00 0.587 99.204 55.02 99.000 99. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26.06 0.59 0.05 0.927 99.23 0.736 55.00 99.061 3 0.53 0.00 0.135 7 0.204 30.15 0.00 0.

The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically. The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode. The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box. select Post-processing from the mode menu.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 28 the slab enables it to vibrate in a manner resembling a series of wave like curves. (iii) Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed. This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views. . also result in small participation factors. Localized modes.Part I . where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model.

Example Problem 28 NOTES 295 .

Part I .Application Examples 296 Example Problem 28 NOTES .

00m 2.00m 297 .Example Problem 29 Example Problem No. The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case.90m 3. 1. 29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. forces and reactions are obtained.80m 1. the maximum values of displacements.80m 3. In this model.50m 3.70m 1.80m 1. For the seismic case. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used.

21 & 22) is carried out. 23 6 14 24 8 16. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.8 7 0 . 18 4.Part I . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.3 0 . 22 4 12. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9.5 0 . 20 22 16 21 2 10. the joint number is followed by the X.11 of the Technical Reference manual. Y and Z coordinates as specified above. 19 21 22. 27 11 20. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 15 18 19. 2 0 3. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above. 18 & 19) and generation (20. The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 14 17 18. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. another round of explicit definition (joints 17.6 7 0 . Following this. Y and Z axes. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 28 15 22. 26 7 19.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. 19 7. 25 3 17. Details of these commands are available in Section 5.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4. REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 29 18 21 . 18 20 21. 3 0 5.

we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle. which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L150X150X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here. The alternative. 299 . the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure. For our structure. Just from the looks of the command. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. such as members. and so on. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM. MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table.

TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0.05 . This command is explained in Section 5. UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands. which is 6. may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.Part I .0 DAMPING 0.30 of the Technical Reference manual. SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported.mm for all members. The default. and hence the need to override the default. The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure.Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis.

0000 0. It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs.TXT".TXT. The first stage is defined above.00364 multiplied by 9.TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data. (If one wishes to specify a forcing function.2 ft/sec^2).806 m/sec^2 (or 0.00364 multiplied by 32. the acceleration due to gravity. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. Here. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. the acceleration is 0.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers.0200 0.Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. 0.003640 0. the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us.004280 0.007580 0. the EQDATA. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA.000990 0. In this file. A sample portion of that file is as shown below.0400 0. only one data set is defined. and we shall be doing so at a later step. ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA.4 of the Technical Reference manual. As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g". Consequently. Thus. at 0. the keyword FORCE must be used instead.006300 0. 301 . That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides.1000 0. for example. the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided.31.0600 0.02 seconds.0800 0.

is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. But. STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel. the input required from the user is very simple . how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy. .0m elevation. LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads. and the region of the structure in terms of X. Since the slab is not part of the structural model. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint. similar to the squares of a chess board. At the Y=7. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper). We have chosen 0.0.Application Examples 302 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure. our structure has a floor slab. It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure. of the area over which the pressure acts. Y and Z coordinates in space.05. Thus. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself.1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads.0 The above data describe a static load case. it is a non-structural entity which.9 7.load intensity in the form of pressure.Part I . The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction.

The number 9. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data. The data here are a.TXT are to be factored by before they are used. 303 .9 7.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9. as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions.806 The above command too is part of load case 3. acting at arrival time 1.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case. is to be applied along the X direction.9 7. b. loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads. Thus.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. Here we say that the seismic force.9 7. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed. We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”.806 indicates the value which the accleration data. the selfweight. which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated. as read from EQDATA.

0. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations. 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3). support reactions.Part I . he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities. The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3). We have chosen the factors to be 1. these will be just the maximum values. As mentioned earlier.0 2 1.0 2 1. etc. Load combination case no. one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case. and a negative combination. If the user wishes to see the results for each time step.0 3 1. Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design. support reactions and member end forces in the output file.0 3 -1.0 In a time history analysis. However. If there are a 1000 time steps. That means. Load combination case no. a positive combination. computing nodal displacements. not the ones generated for every time step. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements. .Application Examples 304 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. for that load case. there will be 1000 values of FX. That is what is being done above. If we wish to do a design. for the dynamic case.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step. 1000 for FY etc. the maximum from among those time steps is available.

is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12. FINISH 305 .Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .code check .

05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 30. 11. 28 15 22. 13. Intl. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 63. 40. 20 22 16 21 2 10.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 18 4. 61. 71. 55. 27.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. 60. 12. 22. 18. 54.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 19.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 64. 9. 56. 25. 14 17 18. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 69. 39. 75. 25 3 17. 15. 5.1 FLOAD -500 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1. 46. 24.9 7.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) . 43. 32. 48. 19 21 22. 31. 29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. 3. 16. 14.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 57. 67. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9.Application Examples 306 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 DAMPING 0.6 7 0 . 37. 78. 53. 68.9 7.Part I . 22 4 12. 80. 19 7. 36. 23. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 73. 29. 52. 8. 15 18 19. 3 0 5. 6.9 7. 70. 17.3 0 . 41. 26.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. 4.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 45.8 7 0 .5 0 . 21. 35. 27 11 20.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. 7.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 65. 74. 42. 33. 51. 18 20 21. 2 0 3. 76.9 7. 26 7 19.

368 1.319E-12 1.01136 ACCURACY 5.692 65.0 3 1.01918 0. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.830E-15 3.02038 0.02039 0.618E-12 1.250E-15 2.01785 0.023 1.152E-07 1.420E-13 307 .026 158. 84.23820 0.01118 0.00662 0.198 4.44194 0.094E-16 5.060 52.967E-11 8.01067 0.01786 0.939E-15 3.63847 0.272 55.361E-10 1.06585 0.731 93.303E-07 2.002E-14 4.553 45.270 5.757 151.000E+00 4.18033 0.01522 0.497E-16 8.015E-13 4.374E-15 2.01119 0.07841 0.032 49.032 4.0 3 -1.576 49.996E-16 0.000E+00 2.01518 0. DISK SPACE = 12.694 1.383 45.18051 0.506E-10 3.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.678E-08 4.132E-16 2.011 65.02195 0.06561 0.540 5.553E-16 1.82255 0.242E-08 1.0 2 1.23420 0.Example Problem 29 81.0 2 1.17510 0.227 165.618E-16 1.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 14/ 4/ 27 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.295 89. 1 1.566 2.107 55.02194 0.062E-15 6.753 12.761 15.218E-15 9.242 16.462E-15 2.996 56.07836 0.375 16.01815 0.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 4 120 30 54 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.01913 0. 83.125 52.1/ 40259. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.474E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.419 93.185 15. MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 88.080 3.650E-10 9.216 1.00632 0.711 12.01133 0.020 151.06107 0.220 158.856 88.898E-16 7.507E-16 7.467E-16 1.740 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.614E-15 7.405E-15 3.867E-15 3.32978 0. 86. To use these frequencies.492E-16 0.01136 0.332E-14 2.066E-16 4.019 88.00632 0.406E-15 6.545 5.73101 0.00662 0.364 89.161E-09 1. These are for information only and will not be used.06104 0.00603 ACCURACY 1.48072 0.146 89.01067 0.01122 0.613E-16 1.

00 0.816 52.00 0.977 99.00 0.39 0.304010E-06 2.00 0.989 100.00 0.00 0.061 99.00 0.00 0.991 99.00 0.00 0.977 99.826 98.977 99.977 99.061 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.023 98.00 0.068 52.603 350.991 99.00 0.023 99.00538 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.036 185. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.000 0.47 0.00 0.023 98.760 99.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.038 72.03 7.00 0.00 0.319 85.360E-11 1.00 0.991 99.000 0.653 85.455 99.00 0.977 99.00 0.646E-09 1.00 0.00 0.023 98.816 51.977 99.00 13.977 99.00 0.068 52.023 98.809722 87.977 99.01 0.991 99.828 99.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.950E-10 8.023 98.71 0.038 72.760 99.762E-10 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 X Y Z 0.00 0.991 99.000 51.32 98.00 0.00 0.00 0.023 98.00 0.653 81.023 98.00603 0.000 0.758 99.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.991 99.758 99.25 0.00 0.00 0.436E-13 1.00 0.991 99.000 0.728 99.00 85.122 69.00 0.00538 0.00 0.591 69.00 0.01 0.00 0.996 0.652 69.00 0.00 0.591 69.815 98.122 59.00546 0.353 98.00 9.23 0.00 0.00 0.324 85.023 98.728 99.61 0.319 85.977 99.815 98.000 0.991 99.026 183.068 59.00 51.00 0.816 51.745833 .652 69.00 0.977 99.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.794E-07 7.815 98.748 185.52 0.00 0.452993E+03 5.00546 0.469E-12 1.833 0.061 99.00 0.82 0.00 0.826 98.000 100.00285 0.759 350.01 0.000 0.068 52.00 0.996 99.00 10.39 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.445833 Z= 2.804 351.00 0.00 0.745E-12 4.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.991 99.00 0.023 98.000 0.728 99.00 0.00 0.00285 0.310748E+01 2.00 0.977 99.038 72.000 100.03 0.652 69.23 1.652 72.652 69.728 99.46 0.00 2.00 0.038 81.977 99.06 0.00 0.00284 ACCURACY 1.00 0.742 183.Application Examples 308 Example Problem 29 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 PERIOD(SEC) 165.000 98.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9.

0005 0.0005 -0.0160 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0100 -0.0001 0.0005 -0.0015 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0156 0.0004 0.0000 0.0001 0.0015 -0.0139 0.0141 -0.0002 -0.0160 -0.0004 -0.0001 0.0245 -0.0105 0.3323 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 0.0070 -0.9290 7.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.4150 5.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.2707 -6.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.5461 -8.0005 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0156 0.0000 0.3002 -9.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0030 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0088 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0061 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0015 -0.7142 5.0012 -0.0027 -0.1288 -5.0107 -0.0124 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0245 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 0.0100 -0.0189 0.0015 -0.0115 0.3854 0.0050 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0015 -0.0139 309 .0141 -0.0113 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.3726 5.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.3897 0.0000 0.0399 9.0000 0.0001 0.0030 -0.0075 0.0000 0.0000 0.7142 5.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0068 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.0113 0.0004 0.0256 0.0016 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0046 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0050 0.0158 0.7306 6.0015 -0.0011 -0.6284 -0.0059 0.0124 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.2932 -9.0002 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0158 0.0000 0.0001 0.0046 -0.0000 0.0100 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0075 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0021 -0.0004 0.0141 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0173 -0.0124 0.0001 -0.0000 0.1577 -0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0002 -0.0189 0.0001 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3585 7.0000 0.0020 -0.0145 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0453 9.0000 0.0013 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0005 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 X-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0002 0.0004 0.0123 0.0104 0.0000 0.0144 0.0000 0.3428 9.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0050 -0.0000 0.0118 -0.0001 0.0000 -0.0077 -0.0173 -0.0011 -0.0001 -0.0015 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0453 9.0000 0.1288 -5.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0021 -0.0000 0.3120 -0.0014 -0.2707 -6.3726 5.0189 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0114 0.0004 -0.0000 0.0123 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0082 -0.5461 -8.0000 0.0068 -0.0107 -0.0104 0.0075 0.0000 0.0145 -0.0000 0.0012 -0.0015 -0.0173 -0.0001 -0.0061 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0284 -0.0000 0.2573 -7.0000 0.0000 0.0144 0.0050 0.2932 -9.0002 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0016 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0284 -0.0141 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3897 0.0124 -0.0083 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0202 0.3323 0.0189 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0256 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0160 -0.0000 -0.0123 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0137 0.0002 -0.0004 0.0001 0.0000 0.0023 -0.0000 0.0000 0.9428 8.0000 0.1577 -0.0046 -0.0070 -0.0124 0.0137 0.0002 0.2943 7.0069 -0.0025 -0.0000 0.0107 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 -0.3120 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0016 -0.0046 -0.0020 -0.0004 -0.9290 7.0021 -0.0000 0.0000 0.Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0000 -0.0083 -0.0000 0.0088 -0.3415 9.0000 0.0000 0.7306 6.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0001 0.0115 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0000 0.4150 5.0000 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0086 0.0001 0.0068 -0.0004 0.0000 -0.0023 -0.0011 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0004 0.0173 -0.0021 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3415 9.3585 7.0014 -0.0001 0.0004 0.0005 0.0000 0.0000 0.0075 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0107 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0075 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.

00 0.0003 0.0046 -0.0004 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.50 3293.0038 0.0002 0.0009 0.00 0.3996 -1.0001 0.3428 9.00 0.0025 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 18.00 0.00 -18.0059 0.0025 -0.00 0.0000 -0.0262 -0.00 0.02 -2345.00 0.62 -60.0000 0.0069 -0.3246 9.0039 0.2812 -9.0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.0000 -0.37 7850.9556 -0.62 -60.0021 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.39 -1412.0000 -0.00 0.0114 0.00 0.87 991.96 19.3002 -9.0002 0.0000 0.0038 0.00 0.0001 0.74 -18.0033 -0.00 0.0021 -0.0632 -0.1022 -0.00 0.0000 0.0086 0.0000 0.0000 0.7947 1.00 0.70 0.2764 -9.Application Examples 310 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.Part I .0001 0.0031 -0.3246 9.00 0.0039 0.0002 -0.0202 0.0031 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.9657 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0003 0.3246 9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0083 -0.0001 0.2817 -9.0402 9.0733 -1.0452 9.0000 0.3674 -0.87 7848.0002 -0.00 0.0291 -0.4625 1.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0059 0.64 1257.0426 9.0000 0.00 0.0025 -0.0000 -0.28 991.0000 -0.0000 0.0124 0.0000 0.96 19.03 1260.74 -0.74 0.2817 -9.0000 0.0001 0.00 0.0001 -0.00 18.00 0.0000 -0.0124 0.0075 -0.66 3562.74 -0.74 -18.0008 0.0733 -1.0000 0.96 -19.0000 0.3246 9.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0008 0.96 -19.00 0.0000 0.74 18.50 -3296.0001 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.70 0.3996 -1.0000 0.9657 -0.00 0.3854 -0.00 0.11 -3314.00 0.9556 -0.2943 7.00 0.0001 0.3720 -0.0000 0.0100 -0.3674 -0.0399 9.02 -2345.0262 -0.3266 9.00 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.37 7850.00 0.87 7848.0000 0.0000 0.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 60.0001 0.0028 -0.00 0.0059 0.0089 0.0000 0.0006 0.21 -873.0000 -0.0013 -0.0000 0.0039 -0.0000 0.0030 -0.0086 0.15 3278.4118 1.0000 0.0086 0.0000 0.0452 9.70 0.0000 0.0009 0.00 0.03 1260.0077 -0.00 0.0426 9.50 -3296.00 0.00 0.21 873.64 1257.0000 -0.3266 9.00 0.0000 0.0009 0.00 0.2812 -9.21 -873.0004 0.0083 -0.0006 0.00 0.0002 0.00 0.6284 -0.4118 1.0000 0.4625 1.2573 -7.0000 -0.00 -18.0089 0.0000 -0.3720 -0.00 0.35 1447.0123 0.0008 0.0632 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0027 -0.0068 -0.0009 -0.00 .00 0.0216 -1.87 60.0002 0.00 0.0009 0.35 1447.0402 9.00 0.0118 -0.0004 -0.0000 -0.11 -3314.0002 0.0000 -0.00 0.0001 -0.0028 -0.0030 -0.00 0.21 873.0082 -0.15 3278.00 0.00 0.0015 -0.00 0.0016 -0.0000 0.2764 -9.00 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.51 3562.0000 0.9428 8.0000 0.0057 -0.65 991.0027 -0.70 0.0291 -0.0000 0.7947 1.00 0.3688 -1.0002 -0.0001 0.0000 -0.00 0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0033 -0.50 3293.39 -1412.0000 0.51 3562.0000 0.0001 0.0008 0.0027 -0.74 0.0000 0.0000 0.0008 -0.0000 0.3728 -0.3688 -1.1022 -0.65 991.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.28 0.0160 -0.00 0.0001 -0.0001 0.0004 0.0004 0.9033 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0039 0.00 0.0001 -0.74 18.02 -2381.00 0.0000 0.0025 -0.0001 0.0000 0.02 -2381.0046 -0.0008 0.9033 -0.0105 -0.0216 -1.3728 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.0000 0.66 3562.00 0.0000 0.0025 -0.

07 -38.14 -3070.26 -8867.88 -5.50 -3296.70 0.21 -60.13 3055.29 -2244.64 1257.39 -117.00 -88.50 0.62 0.00 -3055.06 -6642.35 -1447.77 -2793.47 -38.90 -2.59 0.16 -2279.02 873.49 -725.58 -323.38 0.66 121.50 3293.06 -118.59 -4627.00 0.00 65.00 0.24 -0.34 -0.06 118.50 -11886.23 0.00 0.19 -17194.53 3177.74 0.59 -323.15 0.24 0.53 -111.53 5067.50 -3562.87 111.22 -124.32 -6869.74 18.40 -1345.58 0.88 12436.20 -178.61 6974.88 2836.34 -0.01 -0.50 9034.24 -6061.87 -5.00 0.21 0.00 0.63 3296.24 -60.32 -122.34 0.00 4942.01 5848.47 254.40 -0.22 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 202.00 0.11 -6060.00 -11475.02 2279.35 -12006.33 -0.74 -456.00 0.15 -3278.01 0.00 -0.23 0.58 -323.15 -1412.00 210.98 898.29 1311.21 -124.00 0.40 -117.28 -2794.06 -118.31 -122.06 0.00 0.00 0.85 -2539.59 0.36 1.00 0.01 -0.88 -183.21 -17341.60 5.58 0.50 -3296.11 7.39 -2345.69 -79.00 0.04 -6517.21 -873.37 -920.74 -319.74 18.00 0.61 6223.88 0.90 -311.53 0.97 179.92 -311.39 0.37 0.55 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 629.32 7096.23 -8.16 123.28 -923.21 873.02 -873.37 -11600.96 -0.52 0.97 0.46 -722.97 -12469.31 248.00 123.37 -179.88 -2836.73 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 188.87 -3293.30 -88.02 2345.00 68.63 895.00 3055.01 0.18 -112.00 0.23 0.60 0.00 0.55 -7490.19 -4569.87 7848.87 0.19 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 629.21 -873.01 -0.21 60.02 2381.74 319.00 0.88 60.74 -18.00 0.03 -118.00 0.93 1345.18 0.71 3049.00 0.74 18.86 0.01 17157.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.34 1.19 -24.96 -0.70 19.53 0.21 -124.42 11475.96 7850.00 0.06 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 5 1 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 311 .35 0.19 38.86 12248.30 210.00 0.52 -111.03 -8333.68 -11.03 -118.59 -456.31 -7402.93 5.88 -5.00 0.21 -60.59 4627.22 -124.00 118.50 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 3293.00 0.24 -0.00 0.87 -5.01 0.16 304.00 118.87 1447.26 8867.24 -88.90 -1.40 -3212.63 1260.50 -9034.95 0.00 65.57 5.02 -873.74 0.50 -3562.72 -7315.75 -3293.74 0.96 -19.70 19.00 0.04 -2889.55 0.36 -0.51 -655.74 -18.66 121.00 0.00 -18.00 -12280.00 0.00 -0.03 118.05 -3177.16 123.40 -117.33 0.00 117.48 60.65 -7514.21 60.60 -6811.59 -323.13 -3055.35 0.06 -6933.24 -210.53 7302.04 -254.00 11600.41 -5848.58 3562.00 0.77 2793.00 0.75 12006.68 -11.50 -3562.23 -0.39 117.10 11886.24 0.75 7485.16 -302.28 183.50 -3562.21 873.31 4573.23 0.02 2244.74 18.00 -210.00 8208.00 0.88 112.00 65.24 -8.87 111.00 0.11 3314.89 -1.45 7488.00 0.00 -18.62 3278.05 -1311.69 -79.00 -3.03 -8208.00 0.03 -0.11 6517.64 3296.59 0.88 112.36 0.37 7596.00 -3.16 3212.00 8333.KGS METE MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 991.00 0.00 -5067.35 -3314.39 -117.00 0.58 -4942.10 3562.01 -0.00 68.00 117.40 117.03 -7511.70 0.59 0.21 17382.99 -7312.36 0.00 0.00 0.53 5.94 2708.15 -112.00 -88.64 6061.39 1412.07 6869.66 -655.00 123.00 65.96 -19.11 -2381.71 -60.62 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 991.02 873.24 -0.57 6805.73 3562.25 3562.74 0.

31 -7402.21 124.87 -0.40 117.00 -65.58 3562.21 -873.06 -6933.88 5.26 -8867.22 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 202.64 3296.00 0.57 -5.00 3.32 122.36 -0.50 9034.61 6974.99 -7312.24 0.00 0.00 8333.00 0.65 -7514.01 -0.74 18.35 -12006.06 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 11 1 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 .52 111.33 0.02 2279.68 11.55 -7490.70 -19.00 0.66 -121.Part I .02 873.60 -6811.00 0.16 -2279.64 1257.19 -24.03 -7511.19 38.71 3049.53 0.23 -0.88 5.33 0.34 -1.06 -118.73 3562.66 -121.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 2244.52 0.24 0.22 124.00 3055.39 -117.00 -68.23 -0.88 -183.00 0.74 -319.24 -210.01 0.05 -3177.34 -0.00 0.00 4942.62 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 991.31 4573.21 873.63 895.24 8.18 0.21 124.39 1412.95 0.40 -3212.87 7848.93 2708.74 0.00 -65.36 -1.13 -3055.13 3055.01 0.59 -4627.88 0.36 0.23 8.40 -117.69 79.97 -12469.53 3177.00 88.03 -118.42 11475.04 -254.11 -6060.24 -0.21 -60.50 -3296.41 -5848.01 -0.88 12436.90 311.00 210.45 7488.88 -2836.69 79.15 -3278.00 0.28 -2794.32 7096.51 -655.96 19.59 0.75 7485.50 -3562.57 6805.23 0.40 -1345.24 0.16 -123.34 0.00 -68.40 0.00 -12280.88 -112.21 60.37 7596.37 -179.00 -123.74 -18.10 11886.47 -38.00 0.37 0.00 0.07 6869.59 323.53 -5.87 1447.00 0.04 -2889.39 117.47 254.70 -19.73 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 188.01 -0.70 0.39 -2345.00 -118.00 0.04 -6517.01 5848.58 -4942.96 0.06 118.23 -0.07 -38.74 -18.38 0.87 -3293.50 0.29 1311.16 3212.63 1260.53 0.20 -178.00 0.00 0.50 0.02 2381.00 0.00 -11475.00 0.21 -873.74 -18.87 -111.35 -3314.39 -0.06 -6642.32 -6869.19 -4569.35 -1447.59 0.02 -873.24 -60.75 12006.Application Examples 312 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.02 -873.53 111.06 -0.15 -1412.00 -210.00 0.48 60.68 11.37 -11600.21 17382.72 -7315.00 0.50 -3562.85 -2539.75 -3293.98 898.93 1345.24 88.00 0.59 -456.00 11600.19 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 629.00 -0.61 6223.35 -0.00 18.50 -3562.64 6061.88 -112.62 3278.62 -0.92 311.36 -0.06 118.15 0.00 0.60 -5.21 873.55 0.86 0.87 5.11 7.00 0.00 0.23 0.00 -123.89 1.21 -17341.00 -118.00 -117.25 3562.14 -3070.24 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 873.01 17157.71 -60.28 -923.96 0.34 0.74 0.16 -123.00 -3055.03 118.00 0.05 -1311.01 -0.29 -2244.00 0.00 88.97 0.24 -6061.50 -3296.01 0.59 4627.00 0.19 -17194.00 -65.31 122.50 -9034.74 319.22 124.58 323.90 -2.87 -111.21 60.63 3296.86 12248.46 -722.00 -5067.10 3562.KGS METE MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 991.00 -117.00 -65.50 -3562.97 179.21 -60.59 323.18 112.96 19.55 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 629.66 -655.11 -2381.59 0.16 -302.03 -8208.53 5067.21 0.49 -725.00 0.88 60.74 0.00 0.40 117.00 0.74 18.15 112.11 3314.39 117.30 88.26 8867.96 7850.16 304.02 2345.35 0.93 -5.59 0.50 -11886.00 0.77 2793.74 0.77 -2793.00 0.74 -18.11 6517.50 3293.70 0.28 183.53 7302.31 248.00 8208.87 5.00 0.00 0.03 -8333.03 0.88 2836.58 323.00 18.00 0.50 3293.30 210.00 3.37 -920.60 0.03 118.58 0.58 0.74 -456.00 0.90 1.

53 0.02 6344.18 1194.01 0.73 1.68 0.01 -0.64 1.03 0.30 13.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.57 -523.02 0.00 0.30 209.09 0.21 873.28 8249.00 -1178.00 2137.66 3417.36 2.30 -1.91 7747.09 0.00 0.26 0.45 1598.59 17 12426.00 0.02 -0.07 20 2836.00 0.00 -0.30 1.30 723.00 -0.00 0.01 -0.76 -1.00 -3417.21 -60.47 19 -2793.09 0.73 0.67 0.30 1.08 4 -12426.76 -1.09 0.27 0.73 6517.71 -0.66 3417.16 0.31 9569.33 -977.03 0.00 0.00 0.63 -2873.53 -7.15 3070.09 0.02 -0.03 1.64 -0.52 19 -12564.76 1.01 8335.00 -0.08 0.00 1.93 1656.64 -1.01 -0.00 0.50 -3426.30 209.02 -723.47 8 179.23 -307.00 0.08 17 -6388.60 -10916.71 3426.89 -4112.01 0.68 -0.50 0.51 0.02 0.07 12 9407.69 -1168.63 69.33 17 -9407.01 -0.23 -0.01 -0.20 2085.76 -0.50 -675.02 -6869.93 2539.79 -3049.09 -0.64 0.31 -55.87 -248.68 0.37 -8481.01 8335.69 267.12 6869.67 0.93 2539.27 2794.93 -209.73 0.62 -10804.33 -7393.00 -1178.23 0.KGS METE MEMBER 13 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 17 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 4 -183.33 20 -9407.01 -0.31 0.03 -0.00 -1.68 0.76 1.30 -1.33 4 6388.64 0.00 0.06 12 -183.93 -209.27 -0.00 0.50 2212.66 -1078.08 20 -6388.54 126.52 8 9591.44 -6812.68 -0.01 -0.67 0.79 -3049.59 -0.44 2723.03 -0.45 -665.64 0.09 -0.21 -60.01 0.29 -1.19 4 -2836.00 0.19 17 183.01 0.62 -10804.07 17 2836.78 -267.27 -0.38 6223.23 -0.08 12 -12426.71 0.72 -19.60 11224.23 0.33 -9962.00 -1.02 0.09 -0.33 12 6388.27 -138.02 -873.02 6344.90 -450.19 971.01 -0.29 2873.08 0.67 -0.46 1170.73 -1.09 0.57 -523.09 -9886.02 8 -6619.16 5756.27 2794.02 665.61 -1.04 8 2793.00 0.00 0.74 394.00 -0.09 0.25 -2085.11 2970.16 5756.21 10508.68 0.28 -1.64 0.23 66.31 -55.02 -723.28 41.54 -1656.20 -2341.19 12 -2836.53 -7.01 0.93 1656.19 20 183.00 0.76 1.00 0.23 66.27 0.01 -0.00 1.72 -19.28 8249.18 1194.23 0.30 723.50 -675.50 2212.00 -0.51 0.09 -8701.01 0.23 -0.76 -1.01 0.54 -1656.00 0.00 0.02 -873.97 9494.62 1311.60 11224.12 6869.23 -0.68 0.76 0.62 1311.01 0.27 0.00 -0.50 0.87 -248.50 -2708.73 5685.03 19 6619.01 -1.29 2873.01 0.09 -0.09 -0.01 0.16 0.00 0.03 -1.00 0.78 -6.09 -0.53 138.03 1.00 0.02 -0.03 0.09 -8701.63 69.92 2341.01 0.21 873.07 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 126.74 394.00 0.53 -0.02 -873.64 0.42 -394.00 0.66 -1078.33 -9962.00 -3417.02 59.18 -5288.18 -52.00 0.59 -0.20 2085.64 -0.00 0.04 19 -9591.09 -0.00 19 -179.97 178.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 0.00 0.00 -0.89 -4112.21 -60.01 0.33 -7393.02 120.68 -0.42 60.03 8 12564.07 4 9407.91 -6517.64 -0.09 0.44 2723.00 -0.02 -6869.07 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 60.71 -3882.82 2889.64 -1.27 -0.02 -0.92 2341.01 -0.29 1.61 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.69 -1598.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.03 -0.42 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.01 -0.53 138.48 0.77 -5488.01 0.77 -5488.31 9569.02 0.54 313 .59 20 12426.00 0.42 8857.21 873.

25 323.60 -10916.89 131.71 -3882.00 0.00 118.09 0.00 0.45 1598.00 0.23 -0.25 -2085.01 -0.01 0.36 -10.00 0.37 -8481.00 0.25 323.59 0.00 0.06 0.15 3070.00 0.23 -0.00 0.04 16 2793.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.66 311.63 -22.73 6517.00 -0.01 -588.23 0.51 -25.23 0.00 0.09 -9886.50 0.42 8857.00 0.00 0.51 25.24 -0.76 25.06 -0.Part I .00 0.00 0.66 -11.00 323.09 -0.00 0.02 16 -6619.51 0.51 -25.21 873.01 0.00 0.64 -1.01 -588.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -323.47 22 -2793.63 22.00 0.44 -6812.01 0.23 0.00 0.18 -52.00 0.00 0.50 0.80 -136.21 -60.09 0.00 0.63 -2873.51 25.73 5685.51 -25.00 -0.00 0.18 -5288.00 0.01 -0.00 0.63 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.09 -0.06 0.11 2970.00 0.00 0.00 -136.04 118.27 -138.00 -0.51 25.00 0.36 0.01 588.08 118.01 0.64 0.03 -1.00 0.25 323.36 0.20 0.61 0.91 7747.00 0.06 -0.01 -0.51 562.52 16 9591.59 0.16 0.27 12.00 0.00 0.71 3426.00 0.97 9494.91 -6517.27 0.00 0.76 136.00 0.23 0.00 0.64 -0.02 -873.88 -5.00 0.64 0.69 267.03 16 12564.42 -394.06 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 23 1 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.51 -0.00 0.04 25.63 22.00 0.51 -25.01 0.47 16 179.08 -0.00 0.21 10508.00 0.KGS METE MEMBER 19 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.00 0.51 -0.01 0.24 -0.16 -112.23 -307.69 -1168.00 0.27 10.30 13.06 -0.90 -450.02 59.51 0.64 1.25 -323.27 -0.50 -2708.06 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 -6.04 -118.00 0.51 0.00 0.88 112.76 -136.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 136.02 665.00 0.64 1.69 -1598.25 .24 0.00 0.03 -0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.36 10.00 0.48 -0.00 0.00 0.08 -118.00 0.00 0.59 -311.00 0.24 -0.00 0.08 -25.00 0.00 0.00 -136.80 136.03 0.46 1170.00 0.00 588.23 0.51 -562.00 0.63 -22.61 1.80 -25.00 0.01 -0.64 0.52 22 -12564.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.64 -0.78 -267.25 -323.85 131.00 0.00 -323.66 11.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.28 1.59 311.00 22 -179.00 0.00 -25.92 4.00 0.00 -1.06 -0.04 22 -9591.Application Examples 314 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.50 -3426.00 0.36 2.20 -2341.51 25.97 178.00 2137.00 0.45 -665.00 118.63 22.63 -22.06 11.28 41.31 0.00 0.00 0.02 120.00 0.00 0.83 2889.92 -131.03 22 6619.33 -977.00 0.00 25.51 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.00 22.00 0.04 -118.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 0.51 -25.06 -0.01 588.08 0.00 0.00 0.01 -588.00 0.06 0.64 0.27 -10.64 0.00 0.66 -311.50 -562.00 -588.20 -112.00 0.51 0.92 -131.23 -0.92 4.01 -0.00 0.63 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.00 0.25 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.00 0.23 12.00 0.24 -12.64 -0.01 0.26 0.08 -118.01 0.38 6223.19 971.01 1.88 -5.00 0.01 588.00 -22.00 0.00 0.50 562.00 0.00 0.76 136.27 -12.00 0.00 0.88 112.06 -11.

00 0.66 -0.58 15.00 0.00 0.66 0.11 0.66 0.81 -161.51 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 25.97 375.47 22 9661.47 -171.05 0.10 -0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 -0.58 -0.09 106.14 -408.00 0.40 0.78 7 4937.75 25.00 0.83 -5.52 20.52 20 14986.53 0.10 0.02 0.84 -2.00 0.06 -0.11 0.47 214.96 17 -5115.34 0.62 -0.66 0.50 36.27 22 -20134.66 17 -20414.11 0.47 -171.37 15 20184.62 0.58 15.63 0.00 0.43 0.01 -10.68 15 14898.11 -0.00 0.63 0.00 0.23 171.00 0.37 22 -14898.00 0.52 365.00 0.86 -2.00 0.96 11 -14986.68 22 -4937.00 0.79 392.03 -0.KGS METE MEMBER 25 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 29 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 3 361.82 7 -9612.00 0.91 2.10 -0.93 24.10 0.52 11 -9509.00 0.63 -0. 92.00 0.11 0.49 216.73 3 5115.66 -0.00 0.14 -408.00 0.38 -162.10 0.00 -0.21 27.00 0.11 -0.02 -128.11 -0.93 -2.52 17 14986.00 -0.01 -0.43 0.03 0.81 -161.02 -128.22 22 -298.72 -16.54 -166.00 -0.97 375.63 0.51 1150.00 0. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL 315 .00 0.92 0.93 24.96 3 -14986.65 31.11 0.13 7 348.42 14.84 57.52 -116.73 11 5115.68 7 14898.11 -0.38 17 9558.00 0.38 -162.00 -0.52 -116.22 -10.51 1125. 90.47 16.68 19 -4937.03 0.00 1150.51 0.57 180.54 -166.00 0.82 100.66 0.03 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.51 11 361.66 53.40 -3.00 0.79 392.00 0.09 106.00 1125.66 20 -20414.91 -2.10 0.27 19 -20134.01 0.52 3 -9509.22 -10.22 19 -298.11 -0.46 -32.66 -0.02 -0.00 0.00 0.92 -391.01 0.52 20.63 0.40 -3.00 0.46 -32.00 0.49 216.51 1150.03 0.80 41.00 0.66 -0.51 25.00 0.01 -0.63 -0.96 20 -5115.63 -0.92 -0.53 0.83 15 -9612.00 0.50 36.51 1150.00 0.80 41.23 171.72 -16.00 0.63 0.00 -0.00 -0. 91.62 0.11 0.47 0.01 -10.57 180.02 0.00 0.84 2.93 2.93 2.00 0.10 -0.46 19 9661.02 -0.37 19 -14898.00 0.18 17 -311.00 -0.21 27.94 -420.91 29.00 0.83 3 20463.11 0.00 0.82 100.05 -0.38 20 9558.62 0.00 0.00 0.52 365.01 -0.58 0.86 -2.75 25.00 0.84 57.42 14.54 -20.00 0.66 0.05 0.05 -0.03 0.97 171.47 16.06 3.54 0.00 0.10 -0.52 166.52 166.66 0.00 0.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 -0.97 -14.37 7 20184.40 3.47 214.47 -0.93 -2.97 -14.13 15 348.91 29.65 31.00 0.00 0.10 -0.86 2.34 -3.10 0.94 -420.00 0.00 0.78 15 4937.66 0.97 171.66 53.54 -0.00 3.54 -20.83 -5.18 20 -311.92 -391.10 0.00 0.01 0.86 2.00 0.00 -0.83 11 20463.

8.470 -170.68 C PASS 123.A -0.07 SECTIONS) 0.8.00 12 1.06 SECTIONS) 0.8.3B 0.16 C (CANADIAN CSA-13.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B -0.80 11 0.05 SECTIONS) 0.25 C 19 ST W250X39 PASS 15.465 168.26 SECTIONS) 0.00 11 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.72 C 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.68 C 20 ST W250X39 21 ST C200X17 22 ST C200X17 PASS 123.840 103.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.9.462 168.00 11 3.860 105.462 168.465 -170.00 11 3.86 T 18 ST W250X39 PASS 16.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.34 T PASS 1.05 SECTIONS) 0.9.3B 0.14 T 4 ST W310X97 PASS 73.8.06 SECTIONS) 0.A 0.25 C PASS 15.A -1.9.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.Application Examples 316 Example Problem 29 STAAD.46 SECTIONS) 0.66 C 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 7 ST W310X97 8 ST W310X97 9 ST W310X97 PASS 71.69 C 2 ST W310X97 PASS 71.72 C PASS 59.43 T PASS 73.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.50 12 1.2+ 0.80 11 0.53 SECTIONS) 0.00 12 1.26 SECTIONS) 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.320 112.2+ 0.3B -1.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 0.21 T PASS 121.8.22 SECTIONS) 0.66 C 11 ST W310X97 PASS 71.850 107.50 11 1.3B 1.80 12 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.A -0.62 SECTIONS) 0.324 -113.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.74 C 3 ST W310X97 PASS 65.43 T 13 ST W250X39 14 ST W250X39 15 ST W250X39 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 PASS 121.76 SECTIONS) 0.17 12 3.9.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 3.3C 0.850 107.8.05 SECTIONS) 0.A 1.320 112.465 -170.8.00 11 0.A 1.465 168.74 C PASS 65.00 SECTIONS) 0.9.470 -170.8.9.69 C PASS 71.324 -113.Part I .143 -3.A 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.9.14 T 10 ST W310X97 PASS 73.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.860 105.50 11 1.76 SECTIONS) 0.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 0.50 12 1.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .53 SECTIONS) 0.95 SECTIONS) 0.3B 1.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.PRO CODE CHECKING .8.62 SECTIONS) 0.80 12 0.95 SECTIONS) 0.9.A 0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.850 110.8.05 SECTIONS) 0.8.A -1.07 SECTIONS) 0.2+ 0.80 12 0.00 11 3.3B -0.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W310X97 PASS 73.46 SECTIONS) 0.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 12 3.80 12 0.00 .3B -1.21 T PASS 1.8.009 -0.840 103.850 110.86 T PASS 16.9.2+ 0.

9.538 4.00 SECTIONS) 0.3B 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 11 0.00 SECTIONS) 0.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.492 -11.8.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.46 C 27 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.009 0.50 *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.19 11 0.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.reiusa.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 23 ST C200X17 PASS 1.17 SECTIONS) 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.3B -0.co.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .co.12 SECTIONS) 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.34 T 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.net * ************************************************************ 317 .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.46 C 29 ST C200X17 PASS 0.539 4.55 11 1.48 11 2.00 C 93.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B 0.com * * Europe support@reel.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.20 C 26 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.12 SECTIONS) 0.22 SECTIONS) 0.3C 0.539 4. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.8.Pro.538 4.143 3.20 C 28 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.8.48 11 2.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.A 0.8.55 12 2.00 SECTIONS) 0.3B -0.8.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. FINISH (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 12 2.co.16 C 25 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.3C 0.

Application Examples 318 Example Problem 29 NOTES .Part I .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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Van Nostrand Co.. 3rd edition. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.77 8. 1956.. D. Inc. problem 3. S. page 346.” Part 1. “Strength of Materials.1 Verification Problem No. 1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss. Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8.77 None . COMPARISON: Support Reaction.. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system.

6.00 0. * THEREFORE IF P=10. FINISH . 2 150. 3 150.00 0. 0. 10. 2. .00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 3. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8. 50.Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.77 -8.00 0. 4 300.6 MB 21. 4. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 17. 8. REACTION = 8. EXMEM = 568. 2 FY -10. 7.00 0.9 MB. 3. 11. 16. 3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. . 5.00 0. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 19. 12. 15. 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.00 5.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 9. 20. 100. 4 2 4 . DISK SPACE = 12. 3 2 3 .0 .00 0.77 5. 14.0/ 3123. . 2 1 3 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. Intl. 2 5 PRIS AX 3. 13.00 0.77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.0 . 0. 18. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0.877P.00 0.

0 lb/in. COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e 3 Period. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W.0 ft.533 None .3 Verification Problem No. problem 1. D. S. sec 0. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000.... W. page 11. 4th edition. K = 300. Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam.1-3.0 ft B = 3.0 ksi A = 7. “Vibration Problems in Engineering. and Weaver. 1974.533 0. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass.” John Wiley & Sons. Young. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure.

CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD . 3 10.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0. Intl. 6. 3. 2 7. 0.6 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = *** 1 1 1 EIGENSOLUTION : SUBSPACE METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 1 PERIOD(SEC) 1.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD . 10. F = 1.53317 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22. MEMB PROP . 2 FY -1000. 9. MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 5 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. DISK SPACE = 12. 12.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 16. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO. 19. IZ 1. 0. (4TH EDITION. 20. PAGE 11. 14.000 ACCURACY 0.0/ 3123. MEMB INCI . 11. EXMEM = 568. VIZ. 7. FINISH X Y 0.00100. 8.000 100. 18. 4.876 0. 1 2 PRIS AX 1.YOUNG.9 MB. 17.000E+00 . 1 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 0. . 21..533 SEC.WEAVER. 15. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 2.000 0. PROB 1. 1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.. . 5. 13.

REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam.5 Verification Problem No. Uniform pressure= 5N/sq.mm . 3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element. A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated. PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm.

Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max.m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max.5x10 N.51 mm 18.50 kNm 22. Defl. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq.5KN. moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22. 18.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18.20 mm Max Moment 22.51mm Max. deflection = WL /8EI.50 kNm .mm = 22.

0 CONSTANT E 210.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 15.54 0. 16. 4. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25.00 0.00 0.MM.19 -18. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. EXMEM = 568.47 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.47 11. Intl. 19. 2. 12.8159 X-ROTAN 0. 6. 8.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.91 -112. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0.91 -1.54 5.6 MB 21.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 10. FINISH .00 -18. 17. 9.0000 1.00 0.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.1/ 3123.0813 Z-ROTAN 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ. UNIT KN METER 23. DISK SPACE = 12.00 1. 20.00 0.56 5. 5. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 126 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5. 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.6 MB. 14. 13. 18. 11.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 7.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

5 1.. Inc. problem 2.” Part 1. 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support. 1956. COMPARISON: Reaction. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.5 None . “Strength of Materials. page 346.9 Verification Problem No. PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure. S. D. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1. Van Nostrand Co. 3rd edition...

3.Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. CONSTANT E 3000. 20.00 0.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 7. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 15. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 2 0. 16. 4 10. FINI .9 MB. IZ 100. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1. 20. .00 0.50 -1. 2. 10.00 0. EXMEM = 568. 5.00 0. 4 FY -1.00 0. Intl. 8. . 3 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.50 1. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 14.00 0.00 -5.00 0. 11. DISK SPACE = 12. 20. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2. 13. . PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 10. 0. MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 9. 19.00 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1. 12.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0/ 3123. 4. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. 18. 6. 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 17.6 MB 21.

psi. in Solution σ Theory 3575..5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13. 3rd edition. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). D. and Deflection (δ).5 in Diameter = 10 in. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. δ 0. Van Nostrand Co. Y P P X 13. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle.11 Verification Problem No.“Strength of Materials.01037 None .1. page 97. problems 1.” Part. P = 26000 lb. S.. 2.01040 0. 1956. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle.. Difference None * The value is recalculated.* STAAD 3575.

0 0.01037 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21. 0. 6.00000 0. 5 86. 14. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 1 1 0.01138 0.00000 0.0 0.Part II – Verification Problems 12 1.0 0.5 0.00 0. 11. 10. 3.00000 0.00 0.0/ 3123.0 1.0 0. .00000 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. 9. Intl.0 4 1 .0 1. 12.104 INCH FOR MAX.0 0. 3 43.3 3575.3 3575.00000 0.3 0. DEFLECTION. 0. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.00000 0.00000 0.3 3575.00086 . DISK SPACE = 12.00000 0. 13. .00000 0.3 3575.00000 0.0 441.00070 -0.00000 0.7 MB 19.4 441.0 0. 4. EXMEM = 568. 1 5 FY -26000. 1 AND 2.00000 -0.0 3575.00086 0.00000 -0. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 . 7.4 441. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX.4 0.0 3575.00000 -0.0 0.0 0.0 0. 15.3 3575.0 3575. 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP .0 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.0 1. 0.0 0. ID 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.3 441. 17.00000 0. 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.3 0.00000 0.00000 0.0 0.0 0. 5. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .01138 0.00000 0.0 BEND-Z 0.00000 0. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO.3 3575.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 16.00000 0.3 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 20.0 3 1 .5 0.00000 0.00000 0.0 2 1 .0 0. .0 1. MEMB INCI .3 0.4 0.00 0. 8.9 MB.0 3575.00070 0.0 0.00 0. 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10. 18.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 3575.0 0. 2. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . STRESS * AND 0. 4 72. . **************************************************** * * * STAAD.3 0. 2 13.0 3575.

REFERENCE: McCormack. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44.13 Verification Problem No. COMPARISON: Moment.” Intext Educational Publishers.40 44.5. 1975. E and I same for all members.. page 383. 6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. J. C. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame.44 Small . “Structural Analysis. example 22 . 3rd edition.

4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.44 -44. 6.00 0.00 0.00 44. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0.00 0. MEMB LOAD . 7. 3. 4. 14.00 0. 4 20.33 0. 9.00 0. 2. 3 20. DISK SPACE = 12.44 2 1 2 3 3. . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.8 MB.00 0.33 -3.00 -20. 2 0. 15.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 0. 11. 16. 20.33 0. IZ 0.00 0. 13.21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19.7 MB 18. 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C.00 -3.00 0.0/ 3123.00 0.00 0.33 -3. 5. 8. Intl. .00 3. MCCORMACK.00 0. 0. EXMEM = 568.00 -20. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER .00 0. 2 UNI Y -2. . MEMB INCI .00 20. 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP .33 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.44 22. FINISH . 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1.Part II – Verification Problems 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.33 3.00 -22.00 0. 12.MAX BENDING = 44. 0.21 -44.00 0. 10. 17. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.44 3 1 3 4 20.00 44. 20.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.

AX 12-13 = 4 in2. J. GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2.63 2..15 Verification Problem No. example 18 . AX 9-11 = 3 in2.63 None . PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure. AX 5-6 = 2 in2. “Structural Analysis.2.5 in2. 7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss. REFERENCE: McCormack. Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2. AX 7-8 =1. C. 3rd edition. 1975.” Intext Educational Publishers. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection. page 271. in.

12 13 PRI AX 4. 16. 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1. 11 5 8 .00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.83516 0. 18.00000 0.00000 .00000 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 11 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15.5 . 4.00000 0. 8 45.12000 -0. 26. 19. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK. 7. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00000 0. 29.48000 -0. 9 3 7 10 1 6 . 8 3 8 .00000 0.00000 0. 7. 15.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2. 10. 22.00000 -0. . 21. 27.24000 -0. 11.00000 0. 28. 3. 5.00000 0. Intl.Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 12.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00000 0.00000 0. 8.5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 . 4 4 5 . FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.18000 0.00000 0. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 2. 23. 2 3 4 .0 5 6 PRIS AX 2.00000 0.0/ 3123. 15. 7 3 6 . 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20. CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 20.00000 0.5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3.00000 0.00000 0. ANSWER .00000 0. EXMEM = 568.00000 0.29758 0.00000 0.8 MB.00000 0.7 MB 30. 17. 25. 14.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31. 24. 6.00000 0.00000 0.89516 -2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 3 4 8 .00000 0. 5 1 2 6 2 3 .00000 0.00820 0. 13. 7.12000 -0.00000 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. DISK SPACE = 12.63033 0. 7 30. 9.00000 0.24000 -0.06578 0. 7 8 PRI AX 1. PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2.72000 -0.

C. 1975. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69. REFERENCE: McCormack. problem 22 . J. 3rd edition.6.40 69.” Intext Educational Publishers. “Structural Analysis. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment.44 Small .. 8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. page 385.17 Verification Problem No.

5.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 4. 16.66 45.0/ 3123.91 3. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .74 -3. 20.44 2 1 2 3 3.7 MB 22. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.66 3 1 3 4 9. 21.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 3.8 MB.34 -69. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. FINISH .00 0.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.00 -5.74 0.00 0.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69. 2. 14.09 9. Intl.00 0. 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY. 3 30 30 .KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20.4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 66.00 0.00 0. 10.74 3. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30. EXMEM = 568. 11.74 20.91 0. 2 0 30 .00 0. 10. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.74 -3. 9. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6. 17.00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. DISK SPACE = 12. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 18. 12.44 -66. 6. 8. 15. 10.00 0.00 0.91 -9. 13.00 0. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK.00 0.74 0.00 0.09 -20.00 0.00 0. . * ANSWER . 19.00 69.09 -3. 7.

19

Verification Problem No. 9
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads
in a 1x2 bay plane frame.

REFERENCE: McCormack, J. C., “Structural Analysis,” Intext
Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 388,
example 22 - 7.
PROBLEM:

GIVEN:

Determine the maximum moment in the frame.

E and I same for all members.

COMPARISON:
Moment, Kip-ft
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

MMax
176.40
178.01
0.91%

Part II – Verification Problems

20

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STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9
*
* MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.
* REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK,
* PAGE 388, PROB 22-7. ANSWER - MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.4 K-F
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 ; 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4 ; 5 3 4 ; 6 5 6
MEMB PROP
1 TO 6 PRI AX .2 IZ .1
CONSTANT
E 4176E3
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 2 FIXED
LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
3 FX 20 ; 5 FX 10
PERFORM ANALYS

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
6/
6/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
3/
3/
9 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB
22. PRINT FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
3

-22.26
22.26

15.06
-15.06

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

178.01
123.16

2

1

2
4

22.26
-22.26

14.94
-14.94

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

176.73
122.10

3

1

3
5

-6.51
6.51

4.97
-4.97

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

34.49
64.93

4

1

4
6

6.51
-6.51

5.03
-5.03

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

35.34
65.24

5

1

3
4

9.91
-9.91

-15.75
15.75

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-157.65
-157.44

6

1

5
6

5.03
-5.03

-6.51
6.51

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-64.93
-65.24

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
23. FINISH

21

Verification Problem No. 10
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum axial force and moment due to
load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame.

REFERENCE: Weaver Jr., W., “Computer Programs for Structural
Analysis,” page 146, problem 8.
PROBLEM:

Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the
space structure.

GIVEN:

E = 30E3 ksi,
AX = 11 in2
IX = 83 in4
IY = 56 in4
IZ = 56 in4

COMPARISON:

Solution
Reference
STAAD
Difference

FMax (kips)
1.47
1.47
None

MY,Max (kip-in)
84.04
84.04
None

MZ,Max (kip-in)
95.319
96.120
Small

Part II – Verification Problems

22

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STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10
*
* REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
* BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO. 8.
* ANSWER - MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.47 (MEMB 3)
* MAX BEND-Y= 84.04, BEND-Z= 95.319 (BOTH MEMB 3)
*
UNIT INCH KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 120 0 ; 2 240 120 0
3 0 0 0 ; 4 360 0 120
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 ; 2 3 1 ; 3 2 4
MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. IX 83. IY 56. IZ 56
CONSTANT ; E 30000. ALL
POISS .25 ALL
SUPPORT
3 4 FIXED
LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD
JOINT LOAD
1 FX 2. ; 2 FY -1. ; 2 MZ -120.
PERFORM ANAL

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
4/
3/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
2/
2/
12 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB

24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
1
2
3
4

1
1
1
1

0.22267
0.22202
0.00000
0.00000

0.00016
-0.48119
0.00000
0.00000

-0.17182
-0.70161
0.00000
0.00000

-0.00255
-0.00802
0.00000
0.00000

0.00217
0.00101
0.00000
0.00000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
3
4

1
1

-1.10
-0.90

-0.43
1.43

0.22
-0.22

48.78
123.08

-17.97
47.25

Z-ROTAN
-0.00213
-0.00435
0.00000
0.00000

MOM Z
96.12
-11.72

23

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP INCH
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

0.90
-0.90

-0.43
0.43

0.22
-0.22

22.71
-22.71

-17.97
-34.18

-36.37
-67.36

2

1

3
1

-0.43
0.43

1.10
-1.10

0.22
-0.22

-17.97
17.97

-48.78
22.71

96.12
36.37

3

1

2
4

1.47
-1.47

-0.71
0.71

-0.48
0.48

-37.02
37.02

15.69
84.04

-53.28
-95.32

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

25. FINISH

Part II – Verification Problems

24

NOTES

25

Verification Problem No. 11
OBJECTIVE:

A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one
steel wire. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in
temperature.

REFERENCE: Timoshenko, S., “Strength of Materials,” Part 1, D. Van
Nostrand Co., 3rd edition, 1956, page 30, problem 9.
PROBLEM:

Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid,
determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the
temperature rise is 10º F.

GIVEN:

Esteel = 30E6 psi, Ecopper = 16E6 psi
αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F, αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F
AX = 0.1 in2

MODELLING HINT:

Assume a large moment of inertia for the
horizontal rigid member and distribute of the
concentrated load as uniform.

COMPARISON:
Stress (σ), psi
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

σSteel
19695
19698
Small

σCopper
10152
10151
Small

3 10.NO. STAAD PRINTS A SINGULARITY NOTICE.0/ 3123. 5.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 6 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 6. 4. 20. . 20.Part II – Verification Problems 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. . WHEN A DECOMPOSED DIAGONAL IS LESS THAN THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR TIMES THE ORIGINAL STIFFNESS MATRIX DIAGONAL. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19695 PSI AND 10152 PSI. 1 2 3 SUPPORT . 1 2 3 TEMP 10. 11. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.4 5 UNI Y -400.8 MB. 22. . 14. 10. 21. E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. 15. 3. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. 17. THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR IS 1. 4 0. . 2. ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS . 6. 3 ***WARNING . PROB 9. 19.VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 10 **NOTE** STAAD DETECTS INSTABILITIES AS EXCESSIVE LOSS OF SIGNIFICANT DIGITS DURING DECOMPOSITION. 23. 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0.0000004E+03 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. 16.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. EXMEM = 568. IZ 100. PAGE 30. 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN. 24. 12. MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD . 7.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE . 6 10. 8. 1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. Intl. 4 5 PRI AX 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 13. CONSTANT . 18.6 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN. 5 5. 2 5. 20.1 .NO. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 10 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.NO. 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1).000E-09 THE ABOVE CONDITIONS COULD ALSO BE CAUSED BY VERY STIFF OR VERY WEAK ELEMENTS AS WELL AS TRUE SINGULARITIES. DISK SPACE = 12. 9. 0. TEMP LOAD .15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 . 0. . 20.

0 3.3 T 19698.0 0.0 0.00 10150.0 0.27 25.00 10150.00 0.4 0.0 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.0 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.8 10150.0 0.0 19698.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 3.0 5 1 .0 10150.0 1477.0 2 1 .6 1477.3 19698.0 0.4 1522.0 3 1 .0 0.0 0.8 0.8 T 10150.8 1522.0 3.3 0.8 10150. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 0.3 T 0. FINISH .0 0.0 0.0 0.8 T 10150.0 0.00 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.6 0.8 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 19698.0 10150.0 0.0 4 1 .0 3.0 0.0 1.0 1.8 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.

Part II – Verification Problems 28 NOTES .

29 Verification Problem No.12 0. Inc. S. Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). page 10. 3rd edition. 30° 30° L=180” A=0.” Part 1.. Van Nostrand Co. psi and Deflection (δ).5 in2. in. “Strength of Materials. None δA 0.5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0.5 in2 L=180” A=0.12 None . 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 10000. D.. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses. 1956. problem 2..

0 0.0 0.00 10000.00000 0.88457 -90. MEMB INCI . 12. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK . . 2 155.0 0.0/ 3123.00000 Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS Z-TRANS 0.00000 0.Part II – Verification Problems 30 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. Intl.00000 0. 17.15 ALL SUPPORT . 15.0 0.0 0.5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0. FINISH .0 10000. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD .0 T 10000.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 0 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 19. 4.0 0.0 0.0 T 0.00000 0. 7. 2.0 T 0. 18.00000 X-ROTAN 0. 13. 11. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 2 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 0.00000 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 X-TRANS 1 1 1 0.00000 0. 10. 3.0 10000.00 10000. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 0.0 10000.00000 0. 14. 8.6 MB 21.0 1.7 MB.0 0.00000 0.0 0.0 T 10000. DISK SPACE = 12.0 0.12000 0. PAGE 10 PROB 2.00000 Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.0 0.00000 0. 16. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO. 20. 9. 3 311.00000 0.0 1. DEFLECTION = 0.0 2 1 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.0 0. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 . 6.0 10000.12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.76914 0. 5. EXMEM = 568. 2 FY -5000. .

117 0. 7 = W16X36. Ninth Edition.936 . PROBLEM: Determine the allowable stresses (per 1989 AISC code) for the members of the structure as shown in figure.579 1. 4 = W14X43 Members 5.916 .119 .914 Calculation 1.936 . Memb 9 = L50506 SOLUTION COMPARISON: Governing ratios for the members Member No. 2 = W12X26.823 1. Also.119 .582 1.1576 . PRO 1. REFERENCE: Attached step by step hand calculation as per 1989 AISC ASD code. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Hand 1. Memb 8= L40404.157 . 6.31 Verification Problem No. Y 15 k (WL) 2k/ft (DL + LL) 5 5 5' 2 6 7 9 8 3 10' 6 7 8 4' 4 4 16' 11' 1 3 2 1 X Members 1. 13 TYPE: Steel Design.117 0.025 .668 1.024 . perform a code check for these members based on the results of the analysis.668 1.823 STAAD. Members 3.

Allowable bending stress = F b = 12.466) of Manual] (kl/r)y = 120/1.268. Steel Design Member 1.39 in 3 From clause F1-2. Mz = 56.238. L c = 6.31 ksi (kl/r)z = 120/5.5038 = 79. Sz = 33.1576 20. page 5-54 of Manual 3.31 = 1.466 sq.8. Fx = 25.1576 .268 15.5 k-ft Area of compressive flange = 6.078 (1-3.0 = 20. so Fa = 15.65 = 3. L = 10 ft.85 ft. a = 7. so F’ez = 276.0 kip (compression). fb = 56.268 + 0.1817 Try formula H1-2. ninth edition. From observation Load case 1 will govern.Part II – Verification Problems 32 VERIFICATION PROBLEM 13 HAND CALCULATION Manual / Code refers to AISC Manual of Steel Construction./7.54) x 20.39 = 20.5 x 12/33.31 = 1.85 x 20.38 + 0. page 5-45 of Manual.65 in 2 .6 x 36 20. x 1000 x 1.268/276. 3.22/2.1639 = 23.54 ksi Try formula H1-1.1817 Therefore formula H1-2 governs and ratio = 1.38 ksi (Table C-36 page 3-16 of manual) fa = 25.49*0. page 5-54 of Manual. Allowable Stress Design. Size W 12X26.1817 ksi [Clause F1-8 page 5-47 10 x 12 x (12.38 = 2..in.

31 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0. Therefore.46 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 25.173 x 12/62.85ft) [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual] Fb = 0.4 ft.5038 = 39. page 5-54 of Manual 1.19 23. Size W14X43.6 in 2 . apply formula H1-3.9141 19. Fx = 8.39 = 20.50 k-ft Since L is less than L c (6. so Fa = 19. Mz = 56. Size W12X26.0593 + . Fb = 0. a = 12. page 5-45 of Manual. Sz = 33..6 = 2. Mz = 112. fb = 56.19 ksi Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual fa = 8. so Fa = 16.1385.48 ksi since fa/Fa less than 0. use formula H1-3.5/12. L c = 8. Fx = 25.8548 = 0.5 x 12/33.31 = .66x36 = 23..71 kip (compression).024.76 Member 3.65 = 1.76 ksi (Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual) (kl/r)y = 60/1.6 x 36 = 21.33 Member 2. L = 5 ft.7 in 3 From observation load case 3 will govern.15.69. L = 11ft.66 = 21.65 in 2 . Sz = 62.1385 + 20. fb = 112.90.15.39 in 3 From observation load case 1 will govern. page 5-54 of Manual .173 k-ft Refering to clause F1-2. a = 7.71/7.5 kip (compression).6 ksi (kl/r)y = 132/1.8941 = 69.

04 k-ft Since L is less than L c . Size W14X43. Sz = 56.6 = 1.032 + 0. Fb = 0. From observation.47. so Fa = 19. page 5-55 of Manual.73x12/62.5 = 12. a = 12.52 = 39. Size W16X36. f b = 112. Fx = 8./1.117 16.48 ksi Combined tension and bending.936 23.48 = 0.6 x 36 21.46 21. 0.37 ft. load case 3 will govern. Mz = 112.48 = 0.32. load case 3 will govern. Sz = 62.6 = 0.6 in 2 .75/12. Mz =57.123 + 0. fb = 57.Part II – Verification Problems 34 2.76 Member 5.994 = 1. L = 5ft.6 Member 4.66 x 36 = 23.49 in 3 L c =7. use formula H 2-1.6 in 2 .024 + 21. a = 10. [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual.76 ksi (kl/r)y = 60.694.7 in 3 From observation.02/10.23 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 14.904 = 0. Fx = 14.66 x 36 = 23.694 + 0.75 kip (tension).12 ksi .76 ksi [Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual] f a = 8.4 ft Since L is less than L c Fb = 0.02 kip (compression).04 x 12/56.66 = 21. L = 4ft.173 k-ft L c = 8.

062 = 1. load case 1 will govern.26*107. page 5-54 of Manual] 0.65/10.02 L/r T = 192/1.65 kip (compression). so Fa = 9. fb = 71.14 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0. L = 16ft.35 Since fa/Fa less than 0. page 5-47 of Manual) [(2/3) – 36*107.119 .533/9. Sz = 56.26/(1530.5203 = 126.79 = 107.14/14. Forces at midspan are Fx = 5.0.49 in 3 From observation. Size W16X36.49 = 15.76 Member 6. specs. use formula H1-3.000C b /F y) =53. a = 10. page 5-54 of Manual 1.29.579 23.25 k-ft From Chapter F of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.12 = 0..02 Therefore F b (as per F1-6.26 53.000C b /F y) =119.25 ksi (Kl/r)y = 192/1.26 < 119.510 = 0.229 sqrt(510.069 + 0.000)]*36 = 14. sqrt(102.533.6 in 2 .057 + 1.23 12.25 = 0.36 + 15.36 [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 5.6 = 0.15.32 + 19. Mz = 71. with Cb = 1.229 < 107.15 use formula [H1-3.25x12/56.

49 = 13.60X36 = 21. specs.76 ksi = allowable compressive stress. a = 1. M z = 62. 2.0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2. a = 10.06 kip (tension). Fx = 24.96 k-ft From Clause F1-1. page 5-55 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed. use formula H 2-1. Size W16X36.2698. Qs = 1.37 Since combined tension and bending.071 ft.9108*36)) = 132.73 0.6 = 2.66 Fy = 23. Fx = 23.0*pi*pi*29000/(0.1241 Kl/r = 7.795 is less than Cc.94 in 2 From observation load case 1 will govern. L = 7. Fb = 0.105 + 0.6in 2 . Hence.00447*(4/0.6 x 36 23. Since section is in tension.37ft (Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual) From observation load case 3 will govern.9108 sqrt(2.Part II – Verification Problems 36 Member 7.0.37 = 0.60 Ksi [Clause F15.5627 = 0.34 – 0.071 x 12 = 106. Sz =56.2698 + 13.49in 3 Lc = 7.6027 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) . Size L4x4x1/4.76 Ksi fa = 24.04 kip (Comp.96X12/56. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.specs.6677 0.) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed. Fb = 0.76 Member 8.25)*sqrt(36) = 0. Fa = 11. fb = 62. Choosing the larger of above 2 values.9108 Qa = 1. L =4ft. page5-45 of Manual].06/10. Fb = 23.

9824 Qa = 1.024 Member 9. load case 1 governs.94 = 11. L = 5.375)*sqrt(36) = 0.44 kip (Comp.61 = 13. Qs = 1.823 .657 x 12 = 68.418 ksi Therefore Ratio = fa/Fa = 13.602 = 1.301 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) Actual compressive stress fa = 48.99 is less than Cc.9824*36)) = 127.61 in 2 From observation.9824 sqrt(2.418/16.301 = 0.0*pi*pi*29000/(0. Fa = 16. Size L5x5x3/8.57 0.04/1. a = 3. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.0. Ratio = fa/Fa = 11.2238 (Kl/r)min = 5.876 ksi Therefore.876/11. Hence.specs.37 Actual compressive stress fa = 23.34 – 0.0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2.) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.00447*(5/0. Fx = 48.44/3.657 ft.

64 -10.00 0. 9 4 8 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 TA ST W12X26 . 12. 7 5 15 .65 1.00 0.00 -56.00 0. 2. 2 25 0 . 26.00 0. 16.00 0.00 -25. Intl. 25. 23.64 -2.00 0.83 -15.20 0.00 0. 14. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0. 9 TA ST L50506 MEMB TRUSS .75 2 0. 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DL + LL MEMB LOAD . 8 TA ST L40404 .00 62.00 112. 1 0. 7. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0. 18.00 0.00 0.05 -1.52 3 5 3 5 8. 24. 3. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 7 8 6 . 4 25 11 5 0 15 . 11. 6 25 15 .77 0.00 0.15 0.52 -3.50 0. 15.00 0.34 2 4 2 4 25.00 25.00 -5.00 0.00 56.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8 21 15 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 .KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 25.00 0.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 38 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0. 8 3 7 . 17.20 -10. 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 3 2 4 .00 0.65 10.00 0.77 2.65 5.50 -3. 2 3 5 .00 12. 13.00 0. 10. 3 4 TA ST W14X43 5 6 7 TA ST W16X36 .65 -5.00 0.71 -8.00 0.00 10. 5.00 -25. 21.29 -10.00 0. 6 7 8 .83 10.0 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD .00 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 28.17 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 . 5 FX 15.00 -12. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13 * * THIS DESIGN EXAMPLE IS VERIFIED BY HAND CALCULATION * FOLLOWING AISC-89 CODE.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 0.00 0. 8. 4. 6.50 -25. 5 6 7 UNI Y -2. 4 4 6 5 5 7 .50 5. 20. 22.71 15.05 0.2 MB 2 20 27. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. 8 9 CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 0.00 0. LOAD COMB 3 . 9. 3 0 10 .00 0.0/ 40242. * UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 .

83 -8.00 FC= 18.04 -23.00 0.00 0.50 6.00 0.04 -5.85 -24.00 0.44 -48.00 0.00 0.3| | KL/R-Y= 69.00 YLD= 36.04 7 8 7 8 5.00 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.60 FCY= 27.00 0.00 0.00 56.00 0.00 4 8 4 8 26.00 0.16 -26.00 0. PARAMETER 30. TRACK 1.41 5. L= 120.00 0.75 -8.41 0.7 CB= 1.06 24. CODE AISC 31.00 56.76 FCY= 27.04 -62.17 15.39 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * 1 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.65 SZ= 33.00 FTY= 27.85 12.00 0.H1-2 1.00 0.02 -14.71 1.00 0.00 0.60 FV= 14.00 YLD= 36.25 -0.0 AX= 7.65 -5.02 8.00 0.9 CB= 1.00 0.00 0.50 C 0.00 0.46 FT= 21.3| | KL/R-Y= 79.00 YLD= 36.00 FTY= 27.00 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 0.75 8.00 0.96 8 6 8 6 -12.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.157 1 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -10.00 C 0.60 SZ= 62.44 0.85 -24.00 -112.00 0.00 0.75 0.00 0.00 0.50 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -62. UNIT KIP-INCH.85 12.16 48.64 14.00 0.00 0.76 -112.50 14.64 10.29 15.00 0.00 17.00 0.50 19.00 0.50 -8.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.95 5 7 5 7 -10.0 AX= 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.7 SY= 11.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 0.00 0.75 -57.00 0.65 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.61 FT= 21.00 0.H1-3 0.H1-3 1. L= 132.75 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.4 SY= 5.50 0.06 24.00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 20.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 3 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.20 15.26 FT= 21.00 3.60 FV= 14.00 0.3| | KL/R-Y= 39.00 0.25 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.916 1 8.00 0.71 C 0.00 -15.60 FV= 14.00 0.15 10.00 4.33 0.65 SZ= 33.8 CB= 1.117 3 25.34 57.96 -15.PRO CODE CHECKING .17 11.00 FC= 16.00 0.06 1.76 | | FTZ= 23. L= 60.00 FTY= 27.20 -10.00 0.00 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.00 0.76 62.50 10.60 FCY= 27.00 FC= 15.00 0.29 15.KIP FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 6.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.18 | | FTZ= 21.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.50 0.0 AX= 12.00 0.95 3 7 3 7 23.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.0 ALL 32.00 0.4 SY= 5.

H2-1 0.26 FT= 21.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------33.6 CB= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.76 FCY= 27.= 106.H1-1 1.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.3| | KL/R-Y= 25.00 FTY= 27. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 192.00 FC= 18.00 FTY= 0.60 FV= 14.06 T 0.60 FT= 21.00 FTY= 0.00 FTY= 27.60 FV= 14.8 SY= 1.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.0 AX= 10.96 0.00 FC= 20.H1-3 0.025 1 23.60 SZ= 62.87 FT= 21.60 FV= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.76 FCY= 27.5 CB= 1.9 AX= 1.668 3 24.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.0| | KL/R-Y= 39.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 6 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC. L= 48.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. UNIT KIP-INCH.0 CB= 0.00 -57.0 AX= 10.5 SY= 7. L= 84.00 0.H2-1 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST L50506 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.60 SZ= 56.0 AX= 10.17 0.60 FV= 0.00 YLD= 36.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4.5 SY= 7.00 | | FTZ= 0.02 C 0.582 3 14.Part II – Verification Problems 40 ALL UNITS ARE .7| | KL/R.9| | KL/R.5 SY= 7.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FTY= 27.00 FTY= 27. L= 60.0| | KL/R-Y= 31.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.00 FCY= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.94 SZ= 0.60 FV= 14.936 3 8.00 YLD= 36.00 FC= 11.00 YLD= 36.61 SZ= 1.00 FC= 9.0 AX= 12.00 FC= 18.00 0.3 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36. UNIT KIP-INCH.30 FT= 21.76 | | FTZ= 23. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 YLD= 36.H1-1 0.00 FCY= 0.60 SZ= 56.04 5.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 14.00 YLD= 36.00 -112.65 C 0.H1-3 1.04 C 0.9 AX= 3.119 1 5. L= 48.39 FT= 21. L= 67.76 FCY= 27.00 FC= 16.60 FCY= 27.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.44 C 0.60 FV= 14.= 69.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 8 ST L40404 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 -71.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.7 CB= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.823 3 48.3 CB= 1.25 | | FTZ= 21.36 FT= 21.25 8.76 | | FTZ= 23.0| | KL/R-Y= 126.7 SY= 11.60 SZ= 56.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.8 SY= 3.00 62. FINISH .00 0.75 T 0.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.

REFERENCE: CRSI Handbook and Notes on ACI-318 from ACI.32 k 5.09% required 4. SOLUTION COMPARISON: ACI notes CRSI Handbook STAAD Area of Steel in beam 2.792 sq.32 k 521. column 14 x 16 inch.in.in Area of Steel in column X 4. 14 TYPE: Concrete design as per ACI code. PROBLEM: A plane frame is created with such loading as to create 138 Kip-Ft moment on beam and 574 Kip of axial load coupled with above moment on column.01% 4. 521.78 sq.23% provided .41 Verification Problem No.268 k / ft 2 2 3 1 3 1 15' 4 20' GIVEN: Size of beam is 10 x 16 inch. X 2.

6.00 0. 25.69 13. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 4 FIXED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE JOINT LOAD 2 3 FY -521. 3 20.00 -13. 29.0/ 40242.44 -137. 13.00 0. 2.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 15. 28.00 0.87 67. DISK SPACE = 12. UNIT INCH START CONC DESIGN CODE ACI 1999 TRACK 1.00 0.69 -13. . 17. 26.00 0. 2 0.69 0. 9.00 0.1 MB 2 6 23.0 MEMB 2 FYMAIN 60.00 0. 8.87 -137. 21. 0.00 0. 20. 15.Part II – Verification Problems 42 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 13. 5. 0. 2 PRISM YD 16. 3 3 4 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTY 1 3 PRISMATIC YD 16. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.00 0. 31. 27.00 137. Intl. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0 ALL FC 4.32 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -5.69 -13.00 0. 15.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 574. 18.69 52. ZD 10. 10.00 -67. 22.4375 ALL DESIGN BEAM 2 . 14. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . 3. 19.00 -574.44 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 7.268 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. . 2 2 3 . 4 20.00 0.87 3 1 3 4 574.0 ALL CLB 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 16. 12. 30.00 -574.68 0. 11. ZD 14.69 0.87 2 1 2 3 13.68 52.00 0. 4.00 0.00 137. .

LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 . STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-5/8 2-NUM.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 33.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137.60000.00 INCHES.00FT.10.87 KIP-FT. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2. IN. LOADING 1 ___ 2J____________________ 240. SIZE .52 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 1837. MAX.73 INCH | | REQD. STEEL = 2.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY .10 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 125.TO 240.16/ 2.00 FT. IN.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.X 16_____________________ 3J____ | | | | | | | | | 2#10H 3.NUMBER 8 4. ROWMX=0.4000. RECT SIZE .X 10.AXIAL + BENDING FY . IN. FT. MAX. LOADING 1 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED. END CONC DESIGN 34.00 IN END 0. DESIGN COLUMN 1 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2.60000 FC .00 X 16. FINISH . STEEL = 2.43 ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT. 2 DESIGN RESULTS . | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | | | |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 32. REQD.48 IN2.00 X 16. REQD. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2.792 IN2. ROW=0. 20. 0.17 inch^4 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED.53 KIP-FT AT 10.232 1 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 14. FC . TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 9.0214 ROWMN=0. IN.164 SQ.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 48.87 KIP-FT. 1 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .0185.4000 PSI.54/ 4.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137.14. FT.792 IN2.

3 # 11 bars and 2 # 10 bars may satisfy the requirement. If an arrangement is not possible with that bar. it uses only bars of the same size. . it tries with the next larger bar size. the user may be able to satisfy the requirement by mixing bars of various diameters. If all the permissible bar sizes are exhausted. The program is not equipped with facilities to come up with such combinations of bar sizes. For example. However. When STAAD looks for a bar arrangement. However. the program reports that it could not come up with a bar arrangement. It begins with the bar size corresponding to the parameter MINMAIN. this does not mean that it is impossible to come up with a bar arrangement.Part II – Verification Problems 44 NOTES STAAD reports that it is unable to find a suitable bar arrangement to satisfy the reinforcement requirement for the negative moment at the two ends of beam 2.

45 NOTES .

Part II – Verification Problems 46 .

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