A M E R I C A N E X A M P L E S M A N UA L

STAAD.Pro 2006

AMERICAN EXAMPLES MANUAL

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad
Part Number: DAA037020-1/0001

STAAD.Pro 2006 is a suite of proprietary computer programs
of Research Engineers, a Bentley Solutions Center. Although
every effort has been made to ensure the correctness of these
programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake,
error or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of
these programs.

RELEASE 2006
© 2006 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Published March, 2006

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilities to enable this task.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented using
lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triangular and
quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick elements.
These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties, orient cross
sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber, aluminum, specify
supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program generate loads, design
parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, and dynamic response (spectrum, time history,
steady state, etc.).
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and shear
walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate and
solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third-party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users to link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with perhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed book
to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials : This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual
This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved using the STAAD
engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and design problems
commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment
This document contains a detailed description of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) of
STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model generation, structural analysis and
design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual
This manual deals with the theory behind the engineering calculations made by the
STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation of the commands available in the
STAAD command file.
International Design Codes
This document contains information on the various Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum
design codes, of several countries, that are implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

. first start the program and follow t he steps explained in Sections 1. choose Open STAAD Editor.3 and 1. In this dialog box. You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following figure.4 of the Getting St arted manual.iii To access the built-in editor.

examp08. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual.iv At this point. For your convenience. and "spro2006" is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation. the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD. examp01. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters. and so on. You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2006\staad\examp\us where "X:" is the drive. namely.std for example 1. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands). the editor screen will open as shown below.std for example 8. .

click on the STAAD editor icon. . They too are installed along with the examples. To view their contents in the editor. and choose Edit Input Command File. open the file you are interested in.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject. Then. as shown below. or. go to the Edit menu.

.vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor. select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window).

14 129 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No. 11 99 Example Problem No.Table of Contents Part I . 20 191 . 8 67 Example Problem No. 12 111 Example Problem No. 10 89 Example Problem No. 17 163 Example Problem No. 2 17 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No. 9 79 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No.Example Problems Example Problem No. 19 181 Example Problem No. 3 25 Example Problem No. 16 155 Example Problem No. 18 173 Example Problem No. 13 121 Example Problem No. 15 141 Example Problem No. 4 33 Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No.

1 1 Verification Problem No. 12 29 . 6 13 Verification Problem No. 8 17 Verification Problem No. 10 21 Verification Problem No. 2 3 Verification Problem No. 23 217 Example Problem No.Verification Problems Verification Problem No. 9 19 Verification Problem No.Example Problem No. 29 297 Part II . 5 11 Verification Problem No. 11 25 Verification Problem No. 3 5 Verification Problem No. 22 207 Example Problem No. 21 197 Example Problem No. 7 15 Verification Problem No. 24 229 Example Problem No. 26 255 Example Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 27 265 Example Problem No. 28 277 Example Problem No. 25 245 Example Problem No.

13 31 Verification Problem No. 14 41 .Verification Problem No.

.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. .This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.Plane frame with steel design. load/area of floor). This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. Since member sizes change during the member selection.A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing. 6) Example problem No. member selection is requested.A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. 1 . 5) Example problem No. It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 3 . 2 .This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. 2) Example problem No. 4 . 6 . In this example.This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. After one analysis. 5 .e. 4) Example problem No. 3) Example problem No. 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load).

12) Example problem No. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis. 11 . Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. 7 .In this example. 8) Example problem No. . 13 .7) Example problem No. Design of an element is performed.This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall. To avoid looking into a lot of output. 10) Example problem No. 11) Example problem No. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. 9 . The combined results are then used for steel design. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. 12 . the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members.Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. 13) Example problem No. During this process. 10 .Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. 9) Example problem No. 8 .This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load.

21) Example problem No.Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. 20) Example problem No. 17 . The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system.A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. 16) Example problem No. 19) Example problem No.14) Example problem No.This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. The maxima of the joint displacements. 15 . 19 . The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code.The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. 17) Example problem No. 14 . 15) Example problem No. 16 . 21 . 18) Example problem No.This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. . A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. member end forces and support reactions are determined.A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command. 18 . and we examine those in this example. 20 .

This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members.A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading.22) Example problem No. 25) Example problem No. 29) Example problem No. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. 24 . The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. Since the structural condition is load dependent. 22 .This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. . The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed.This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. 26) Example problem No. 29 . 24) Example problem No. 26 . once for each primary load case. Time History analysis is performed on this model.The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. 28) Example problem No.This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. Using the masterslave command. 27) Example problem No. 23 .Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. 23) Example problem No. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. The structure consists of piers. 27 . 25 . 28 .

NOTES .

Example Problem 1 Example Problem No.9k/ft (LL) 11 8 4 15' 15k 1. After one analysis. member selection is requested. 1 Plane frame with steel design. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.2k/ft (LL) W21 x 50 Pinned 3 0.9 (LL) 16 14 12 W18 x 35 9 14 8 20 7 10 16 15 9 21 11 W10 x 49 15 9' 12 13 18 19 17 13 22 23 10 35k (LL) 15k 2 0. Y 15' 15' 1.6k/ft (WL) 5 4 6 5 1 7 6 W14 x 90 3 20' W14 x 90 2 1 X 1 . Since member sizes change during the member selection.0 (WL) k/ft 0.

13 8 13 14 9 12 . 22 10 11 . 16 11 14 . . 38. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3. the Z coordinates need not be provided. UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used.5 35 .2 3 7. 12 13 15 . . 17 11 15 18 10 15 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . Semicolon signs (. 2 30 0 . MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TABLE ST W14X90 . 8 7 12 . 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 9 7. 15 9 14 . 11 15 35 .4 6 8. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 19 10 13 .Part I . 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 . Since this is a plane structure. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.5 35. 8 30 35 . 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 Member properties are from the AISC steel table.3 2 6. 12 5. The word ST stands for standard single section. 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 15 20 41 . 11 15 16 . .Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 .5 3 4 6 4 5 . 0. 13 25 38 14 10 41 . 16 15 44 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. 10 22. 7 5 6 .

3 . This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i. SUPPORT 1 FIXED . The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. etc.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). POISSON.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss.e. ALL DEN 0. strong axis moment) at node 3. The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2. Length unit is changed from FEET to INCH to facilitate the input. See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90.

5 and 11. 6 UNI GY -1.0. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0.75 2 0. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.Part I . Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads.9 . SELFWEIGHT Y -1. Load 1 contains joint loads also. the factor of -1. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0. Loads are applied at nodes 4.Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated long with an accompanying title.0 indicates that this load will act downwards. CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1.75 .6 . FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction. 11 FY -35. . GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction. 8 to 13. and.2 Load 1 contains member loads also. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1. is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case. Loads are applied on members 6.0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1. Since global Y is vertically upward. JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15.

KY.Example Problem 1 The above command identifies a combination load (case no.0 ALL KY 1. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0. etc. The subsequent line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. The RATIO parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0.85 ALL BEAM 1.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory.9. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained. This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive. 5 . LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. 3) with a title.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12th point along the member length which by the way is the default too.

is assigned to all members in the list.0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis. The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1.0. . GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute.Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis. Hence. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA. from among the associated member list. 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three. it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure. PARAMETER BEAM 1.0 ALL RATIO 1. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity. GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members. Hence. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. the cross sections for members 1.0 ALL TRACK 1.Part I . PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping.

7 . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications. STEEL TAKE OFF The above command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes.Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command.

8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.06 49. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO.40 54.70 7. 20.5 35. Intl. 24.85 0.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED .905 0. 4.48 15.94 0. 32. ALL DEN 0.63 0.50 6.000 3.00 13.INCH ----------------MEMB PROFILE AX/ AY 1 ST W14X90 2 ST W10X49 5 ST W21X50 8 ST W18X35 14 ST L40404 26. 5.00 4.39 14. 19 10 13 .47 984. 2 3 7 .39 18. 6. 11.10 0. 9 7. 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 0.51 93.30 57. 21. 14.00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33. 10. PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES.51 5.30 5.90 94.72 . 25.31 1. 4 6 8 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 .75 272.000 10. 29. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.17 14. 11 15 16 . 7. 27. 16. 19. 3 2 6 .00 142. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 35 . UNIT .00 3. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 15 9 14 . 3.67 362. 17. 22.40 1. . 38. 8. . 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER START END JOINT JOINT 1 5 14 1 3 9 3 4 12 LENGTH (FEET) BETA (DEG) 20. 8 30 35 . 30. 15 20 41 . 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 . 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TA ST W14X90 . 28. 26. 22 10 11 . 31. 13 25 38 14 10 41 . 15. 7 5 6 . 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 12. 2. 9. 12 13 15 . 1 UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.00 0.14 7. 2 30 0 .22 0.86 1.92 10.04 1.63 4.66 510. 8 7 12 . 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 10 22.79 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ IX/ SY 4. 12 5.67 IZ/ AZ IY/ SZ 999. 18. 23.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90.00 7. 16 11 14 . 11 15 35 .40 3.68 1.Part I . 13 8 13 14 9 12 .51 24. 13.

94 -30.15 0.6 .00 0. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 48.96 3 7 3 7 33. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 -2.91 0.00 0.14 105.15 10.00 40. 46.48 3.9 .81 -33.00 0. 43. 6 UNI GY -1. LOAD LIST 1 3 49.Example Problem 1 34.00 0.79 -56.48 -0.00 0. 44.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 38. 42.26 40.0/ 40264.71 -39.00 0.00 0.17 -53.88 41.75 2 0.71 -60.00 0.05 -52.00 -3.00 70.45 -17.00 23.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.96 -11.66 13.35 -5.00 0.00 0.46 -10. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 102.71 247. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.00 0.48 5.00 0.64 0. 36. 11 FY -35.00 0.00 -21.00 0. 41. 37.00 0.00 2.NO.48 5.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15.43 -41.02 0. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 0.00 0.NO.00 0. 45.00 -5. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1.00 0.00 181.21727 INCH GLO X.00 6 8 6 8 31.99 0. 40.48 -10.00 0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12. .00 0.00 -61.00 0.00 0. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.48 -13.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 54.00 0.65 0.07 28.51 0.00 0.99 -9.73 21.09 0.99 55.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.2 CALCULATE NATURAL FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 18.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 -2.00 0. 35.4 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 59.00 3 4 3 4 -3.66 -30.00 0.27 99.90 -28.13870 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 1.16 6.00 18. 2 43 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 47.00 0.95 10. 39.99 0.59 31. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.77 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 9 .00 0.51 3.82 0.00 0.NO.00 0.07 2 6 2 6 58.

29 0.00 0.77 44.00 0.00 0.00 10 13 10 13 2.00 0.00 0.31 12 14 12 14 36.00 0.00 0.00 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 1 3 14 1 3 15 1 3 16 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 .00 0.00 0.42 24.00 0.00 0.30 -175.00 0.00 0.64 3.00 0.00 0.73 35.00 -20.43 20.00 0.00 0.98 -99.52 -40.00 0.55 -36.01 0.75 4.00 0.00 0.10 -40.95 9.33 -34.00 0.00 0.48 -10.00 0.98 24.00 0.75 34.70 -5.00 11 14 11 14 -24.56 15 16 15 16 41.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 5.61 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -57.00 0.68 -15.05 -21.46 -10.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 7.87 22.74 -26.00 9 14 9 14 1.18 -44.00 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.58 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 44.01 0.15 -73.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 8 13 8 13 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 22.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 -1.01 0.00 0.26 42.00 0.00 0.12 57.45 37.00 0.80 -19.00 0.16 10.00 0.01 0.92 0.66 11.KIP FEET MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 5 4 5 -3.14 27.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 -10.00 0.94 -73.00 0.07 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -102.00 0.90 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 10.00 0.00 0.60 8.00 -27.02 0.00 -56.00 0.58 -60.00 0.00 0.06 -15.41 26.86 -2.00 0.00 0.44 8.27 -23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 5.00 0.61 -11.00 0.63 -37.94 -3.00 0.55 16.00 0.48 3.00 0.01 0.00 0.15 -24.68 -36.26 9 12 9 12 -2.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 15 11 15 -21.00 0.00 0.88 -35.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 10.01 0.00 0.00 0.02 -44.00 0.01 0.00 0.78 0.00 0.15 2.01 0.19 10.60 25.00 0.48 3.00 0.42 7 12 7 12 36.00 0.23 21.79 -36.00 0.00 0.02 0.78 -4.72 -27.00 0.00 27.99 148.15 -3.25 -19.16 0.01 0.00 -148.00 0.98 -6.01 0.00 10 15 10 15 -1.55 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 99.01 0.30 5 6 5 6 -3.25 2.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.18 -42.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.01 0.53 0.62 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 25.00 0.86 0.00 0.00 60.01 0.00 0.00 0.91 14 16 14 16 41.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 7.15 10.33 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -41.00 0.65 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 19.01 0.46 -2.02 0.94 -25.68 36.00 -181.00 0.00 0.55 -1.00 0.77 -4.84 -41.91 -60.03 -13.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.73 1.56 13 15 13 15 40.00 0.81 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

00 247.00 0.00 60.71 58.02 0.00 0.82 C PASS 31.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.00 0.H1-3 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 -61.00 0.97 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.H1-3 0. 57. 55.00 0.99 -2.00 9 11 9 11 -19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H2-1 0.00 11 .00 0.00 0.79 55.00 0.05 40.00 0.00 3 20.00 0.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 8 10 8 10 -23.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 0.46 -14.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 PASS 40.85 ALL BEAM 1.00 0.97 19.00 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.88 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.53 0.48 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.66 C PASS 3.00 0.00 0.H1-2 0.46 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 20 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 7 9 7 9 -17.820 105.842 0.00 0.00 0.02 0. 52. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 2.44 23.00 0.00 -181. 56.00 0.00 0.776 0. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .00 3 0.0 ALL KY 1.86 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 17.00 0.07 C 3 ST W14X90 4 ST W14X109 5 ST W24X62 PASS 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 54.00 -18.00 -3.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 SELECT ALL STAAD.50 21.00 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.756 -70.H1-3 0.02 0.00 0.32 -19.02 0.73 247.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -0. 53.00 10 11 10 11 -21.02 0.00 1 10.75 5.02 0.00 0.51 54.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .99 3 0.02 0.00 0.870 0.15 0.53 14.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.00 0.88 0.50 -5.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 1 15.00 0. 58.00 0.71 C 2 ST W12X40 PASS 33.02 0.00 0.

GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.81 3 7.00 -57..00 0.H2-1 0.Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .H2-1 0.15 T PASS 36.00 1 0.00 3 3.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.70 C 19 ST L20202 PASS 6.01 T 18 ST L30253 PASS 5.H1-2 0.73 C 12 ST W14X30 13 ST W18X40 14 ST L20203 15 ST L20203 16 ST L25205 PASS 40.50 T PASS 23.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 -56.662 0.65 C PASS 1.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 TABLE ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.869 0.00 73.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.663 0.83 1 5.42 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 5.00 1 7.00 0.64 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 175.81 C PASS 24.00 0.862 0.H1-1 0.75 C 11 ST W18X35 PASS 41.00 0.50 3 10.92 T 20 ST L25204 21 ST L25204 22 ST L20205 23 ST L30254 PASS 19.864 0.83 1 5.55 C PASS 36.00 0.847 0..94 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.829 0.848 0.81 3 0. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST W18X40 ) LIST= 8.97 T PASS 19.826 0. .H1-1 0.46 T PASS 21.46 T 17 ST L25205 PASS 24. GROUP MEMB 5 6 7 4 (ST W14X109 ) LIST= 1.83 1 5.00 0.83 3 0.00 0.00 3 0..H1-2 0.00 60.H1-1 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS 23 (ST L30254 ) LIST= 14.44 T 1 2.H1-2 0.H1-2 0..43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC..68 C 10 ST W18X35 PASS 41.00 PASS 3.00 -185.00 1 0.00 1 0.00 0.Part I .00 1 0.00 1 0.15 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63.48 T 7 ST W24X62 8 ST W16X31 9 ST W14X30 PASS 10.00 99.832 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.H1-3 0.H1-2 0.831 0..812 0.00 0..00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 59..74 C PASS 5.45 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.876 0.870 0.00 0. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.896 0.91 3 0.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.829 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0... GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST W24X62 ) LIST= 5..00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61..858 0.00 73.00 C PASS 26.755 0.

64 FT= 21.29 T 0. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64.70474 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 0. L= 240.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.80 SZ= 51.H1-2 0.0 AX= 32.865 1 4.00 FC= 13.60 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.2| | KL/R-Y= 57. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 FV= 14.9 SY= 11.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 YLD= 36.00 SZ= 173.38 0.0 ALL RATIO 1.NO.00 FTY= 27.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4.00 SZ= 173.00 YLD= 36.00 FTY= 27.NO.PRO CODE CHECKING .8 CB= 1. PARAMETER BEAM 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.05 C 0.00 20.88 C 0.01 FT= 21.00 SZ= 173.30 0.00 YLD= 36. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.00 FC= 17.2 CB= 1.2| | KL/R-Y= 64.60 FV= 14.618 3 54.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .76 C 108.0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 248.38 FT= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 . 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 -186.00 FC= 15.68 FT= 21.76 | | FTZ= 23.1 CB= 1.83 FT= 21.0 AX= 32. L= 240.807 1 32.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.2 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 14.20 SZ= 130.00 FTY= 27. L= 120.H1-3 0.43 0.00 FC= 14.60 FCY= 27.85 | | FTZ= 21.34 15.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. L= 180.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. L= 180.2 SY= 61.H1-3 0. 67.60 | | FTZ= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 FCY= 27.76 FCY= 27.2 SY= 61.00 0.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.60 FCY= 27.0 AX= 32. 66.2 SY= 61.00 FC= 17.H2-1 0.H1-3 0.2| | KL/R-Y= 77.1 CB= 1.6 SY= 9.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.00 FTY= 27.0 AX= 18.844 3 31.16 C -70.Example Problem 1 ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS.NO.60 FV= 14.0 ALL TRACK 1.00 63. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN. UNIT KIP-INCH. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.0| | KL/R-Y= 93. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.60 | | FTZ= 21. 65.81 10.0 AX= 11.97912 INCH GLO X.872 3 41.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23. 68. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------4 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.

0 AX= 11.69 C 0.2 CB= 1.80 SZ= 68.76 FCY= 27.00 -191.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.07 FT= 21.80 SZ= 68.0 CB= 1. L= 70.60 FV= 14. UNIT KIP-INCH.4| | KL/R-Y= 55. L= 70.79 5.80 SZ= 68.76 FCY= 27.2 CB= 1.585 1 36.0 AX= 11.00 FTY= 27.60 FV= 14.00 YLD= 36.20 SZ= 130. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FC= 17.07 FT= 21.0 CB= 1. L= 120. UNIT KIP-INCH.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------8 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.69 5.34 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------11 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.4 SY= 6.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 17. UNIT KIP-INCH.76 | | FTZ= 23.653 1 40. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 FV= 14.76 FCY= 27.38 FT= 21.00 FC= 17. L= 70.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 FC= 17. UNIT KIP-INCH.0 AX= 18.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------12 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.07 FT= 21.30 2.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.00 -58.60 FV= 14.00 178.4 SY= 6.Part I .H1-2 0.885 3 27.80 SZ= 68.20 C 0.60 FV= 14.76 FCY= 27. UNIT KIP-INCH.H2-1 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.60 FV= 14.80 SZ= 68.6 SY= 9.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 13.652 1 40.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 FC= 17.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.603 1 34.29 T 0.00 FTY= 27.07 FT= 21.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 FTY= 27.00 66.00 FTY= 27.48 T 0.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 10.76 FCY= 27. L= 120. L= 70.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 FC= 14.07 FT= 21.00 YLD= 36. L= 70.0 AX= 11.827 3 10.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.80 SZ= 68.85 | | FTZ= 21.0 AX= 18.49 0.H1-2 0.H2-1 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.570 1 34.00 YLD= 36.20 SZ= 130.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------13 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.07 FT= 21.50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.60 C 0.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 11.79 5.4 SY= 6. UNIT KIP-INCH.76 FCY= 27.0 CB= 1.H1-3 0.71 5.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .00 FTY= 27.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 YLD= 36.00 -59.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.0 AX= 11.00 101.4 SY= 6.H1-2 0.39 C 0.0 CB= 1.00 FC= 17.6 SY= 9.00 YLD= 36.4 SY= 6.0 CB= 1.0 CB= 1.50 C 0.H1-2 0.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 YLD= 36.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.38 FT= 21.00 63. L= 70.00 YLD= 36.0 AX= 11.60 FV= 14.H1-2 0.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 12.00 FC= 14.60 FCY= 27.00 66.60 FV= 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.85 | | FTZ= 21.00 FTY= 27.76 | | FTZ= 23.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.73 10.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.4 SY= 6.886 1 4.00 FTY= 27.0 AX= 11.70 C 0.60 FCY= 27.

L= 46.9 CB= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.7| | KL/R.66 T 0.213 3 6.11 FT= 21.155 3 2.00 FC= 14.00 0.89 C 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 15.3 SY= 0.11 FT= 21.60 FV= 0. L= 90.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------19 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 FTY= 0.H1-1 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.31 SZ= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.9 AX= 1.00 FC= 6.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.816 3 23.= 148. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 18.= 170.79 FT= 21.7 AX= 1.3 SY= 0.0 AX= 1.= 178.00 FC= 5.= 148.00 FC= 14. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.00 0.14 T 0.00 0.00 FCY= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 20.9 CB= 0.1 CB= 0.00 0.7| | KL/R.558 3 4.3 CB= 0.3 SY= 0.7| | KL/R.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------17 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 .00 | | FTZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 FTY= 0. L= 78.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.7| | KL/R.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.= 178.0 AX= 1.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 16.0 AX= 1.00 0.93 C 0. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 90.00 FC= 5. L= 46.3 SY= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.329 1 2.7| | KL/R.00 | | FTZ= 0.3 SY= 0.00 FCY= 0.60 FV= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 21.00 YLD= 36.3 SY= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FCY= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------18 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.3 CB= 0.91 T 0.00 FC= 6.04 T 0.00 FTY= 0.3 SY= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH. UNIT KIP-INCH.7| | KL/R. L= 78. L= 93.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 14.= 90.00 | | FTZ= 0.0 CB= 0.31 SZ= 0.60 FV= 0.00 FC= 4.H1-1 0.00 7.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 14 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------16 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.7| | KL/R.00 0.00 3.00 FTY= 0.72 FT= 21.03 T 0.00 FTY= 0.60 FV= 0.00 YLD= 36.631 1 17.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 0.7| | KL/R.552 3 15.848 1 24. L= 93.00 FTY= 0.98 C 0.= 170.31 SZ= 0.00 YLD= 36.0 CB= 0.9 AX= 1.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------20 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.00 FTY= 0.00 FTY= 0.= 90.00 FCY= 0.60 FV= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.79 FT= 21.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.3 SY= 0.31 SZ= 0.H1-1 0.60 FV= 0.31 SZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 YLD= 36.31 SZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------21 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 0.0 AX= 1.7 AX= 1.72 FT= 21.00 FC= 4.60 FV= 0.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 17.91 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 19.19 FT= 21.1 CB= 0.60 FV= 0.31 SZ= 0.31 SZ= 0.00 YLD= 36.19 FT= 21.

com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.296 0.00 | | FTZ= 0. L= 90.00 FTY= 0.00 FC= 5.= 170.653 1 18.co.9 CB= 0.Part I .0 AX= 1.00 | | FTZ= 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 FC= 5.= 170.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.7| | KL/R.7| | KL/R.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.reiusa.3 SY= 0.com * * Europe support@reel.11 FT= 21.51 T 0.00 YLD= 36.31 SZ= 0.31 SZ= 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Pro. L= 90.45 T 0.00 34. UNIT KIP-INCH.3 SY= 0.686 1 19.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.130 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 70.net * ************************************************************ .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 22 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.co.co.00 15.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.99 66.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FTY= 0.60 FV= 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------23 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.60 FV= 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 23.9 CB= 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 FCY= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 5.601 1.402 0.854 1.43 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.977 0. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE LENGTH(FEET) ST W14X109 ST W12X40 ST W24X62 ST W18X40 ST L30254 PRISMATIC STEEL WEIGHT(KIP ) 55.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 FCY= 0.00 30.00 YLD= 36.00 0.11 FT= 21.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 22.0 AX= 1.co.000 ---------------TOTAL = 10.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------69.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.

In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads. load/area of floor).5' 13 3. However. Consequently. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i.e.5' 17 26 19 7' 25 16 15 20 21 17 .5' 15' 19 21 10 13 17 18 11 12 14 15 14 27 23 5. the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads. 4 x 5' = 20' 2 1 3 2 4 3 4 5 1 20 22 5 7 24 6 7 8 9 28 8 10' 9 10 11 3. The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.Example Problem 2 Example Problem No. the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed. the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input.

10. 35. 8 10. 25. 10.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 10 13 14 13 . 28. 0. 13 0.e. 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 21 20. 25 . 9 13. 0. 10 15. 16 16. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 3. 10. . Joint number followed by X. 10. 25. Joints between 1 and 5 (i. 0. 0. 12 20. 27 12 17 . Semicolon signs (. in this case zero. 20 2 7 . 14 5. . 0. 35. 5 20. 18 0. 23 11 16 . 16 18 20 . 19 20. 0. 0. . 0.Application Examples 18 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 20 0. 5 7 8 9 . 28. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 0. . 0. 10. 25. 0. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. UNIT FT KIP Defines the UNITs for data to follow. 15 11. 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 .Part I . 0. .5 0. . 0. 0. . Since this is a floor structure. 25. 24 4 10 . 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). 10. 11 16.5 0. 17 20. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 0. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . . the Y coordinates are all the same. . 2. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 17 13 18 . 0. 7 5. .

In this case. SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED The above joints are declared as being restrained for all 6 global degrees of freedom. E has been assigned as 4176E3 (4176000. strong axis moment) at the start joint. the W12X26 section is chosen. POISSON. LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.30 19 .e. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. etc.ft) which is the equivalent of 29000 ksi.0 Kips/sq. The word ST stands for standard single section. The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis. AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints. This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i. CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint.Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 Member properties are specified from the AISC steel table.

3 kips/sq. FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.0 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (Table 2. PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 2.Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 0. SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the AISC steel table for the members listed.0 ALL UNT 1. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD.0 ALL UNB 1.1 of Technical Reference Manual). . DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. Design is to be performed per the specifications of the AISC ASD Code.0 ALL DMIN 1. UNT and UNB stand for unsupported length for top and bottom flange to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress.ft. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Part I . The program converts area loads into individual member loads.

20. 0. .750 CON L LIN1 LIN2 -1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 10 15. 0.00 0. .450 -0. 0. 23 11 16 . 0.0/ 40264. 10.00 5. 25. 0. 28. 10. 29. Intl.050 -1. 9 13. 5. 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 2. 4. 12 20.00 0. 7. 0. 26.00 0.00 20.725 GY -1. .050 -0. 12.00 0. 9. 15 11. 28.950 -1. 16. 16 16. 22. 18 0.50 3. 5 7 8 9 . 17 13 18 .500 GY -1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.450 -0. 10. 35.350 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 21 . 21. 0. 25. 0. 19 20.0 MB 6 42 LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD . .00 -1. 0. 13. 23. 10 13 14 13 . 0. 18.525 GY -0. 14 5.00 0. 24. 0. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 11 16.30 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 11/ 5/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 28.750 GY 0.00 0.00 0. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 20 2 7 . 16 18 20 . . .5 0.00 15. 14. .00 25.Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17 20. 0.00 0.00 10. 6. 13 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 20 0. 10.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL L1 L2 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 -1.650 GY -1. 19. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 25 . 8.00 6.450 -0.00 10. 0.00 0. 5 20. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 3. 0. 15.00 15. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 0. 10. 25.500 GY 0.500 GY -0. 21 20. 24 4 10 . . 10.00 -0. 27. 8 10.00 10.00 0.13 10. 0. 17.5 0. 7 5. . 11.50 20. 10. 25. 35. 27 12 17 .00 5.500 -1.450 -1. 25. 28 5 12 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0.

H1-3 0.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. 31.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .937 0. 36.00 T 6 ST W18X35 11 ST W21X48 14 ST W16X26 PASS 0.915 0.443 0.H1-3 0.00 1 0.Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 30. 35.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. 34.0 ALL DMAX 2.00 -49.00 . 32.00 1 7.H1-3 0.797 0.00 T 18 ST W12X26 19 ST W24X55 21 ST W12X22 23 ST W12X19 24 ST W12X19 27 ST W21X48 PASS 0.987 0.00 -33.74 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -102.38 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 T 16 ST W12X19 PASS 0.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -167.H1-3 0.00 -52.00 T PASS 0.00 -221.00 T PASS 0.00 1 6.50 1 0.00 -58.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 TABLE ST W21X44 PASS 0.00 T 15 ST W14X22 PASS 0.0 ALL UNT 1. 37.H1-3 0.00 1 0.00 -18.H1-3 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .46 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 T PASS 0.00 1 10.H1-3 0.00 -31.H1-3 0.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.744 0.00 T PASS 0.00 1 3.978 0.H1-3 0.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1.00 -172. 33.0 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.911 0.00 T PASS 0.863 0.Part I .886 0.984 0.897 0.0 ALL DMIN 1.00 -75.85 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.H1-3 0.00 1 12.32 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 10.00 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.57 1 7.59 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.59 1 0.0 ALL UNB 1.00 T PASS 0.50 1 5.H1-3 0.00 -139.00 T PASS 0.

FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. THEN FILE SAVE. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. PRESS RESULTS. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.co. UPDATE PROPERTIES.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.net * ************************************************************ 23 . FROM THE UPPER MENU.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * Europe support@reel.Example Problem 2 38. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.Pro.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.reiusa.co. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.

Part I .Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 NOTES .

4. Width : 8 ft. 3.Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring.250 Kips/cft Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1. 5. 10 & 14 = 8 x 1 x 250 = 2000Kips/ft Spring of joints 2. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 3 K/FT 5K 10 3 K/FT 5K 10 Typ. 2) Soil Subgrade Reaction . 12 & 13 = 8 x 2 x 250 = 4000Kips/ft 25 . 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footing. 11. 4 8 20 7 7 9 6 8 6 5 1 2 1 9 10 34 5 2 8 3 4 10 11 1213 14 11 12 13 14 NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in feet.

0 6 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10. Since this is a plane structure.0 ZD 8. 6 6 7 7 7 8 .0 10.0 .0 5 8. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Every input has to start with the word STAAD. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .0 10 20.0 0. UNIT FT KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.0 0.0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2. Semicolon signs (. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 9 24. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.0 8 24.0 Joint number followed by X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. Additional information is available in sections 1 and 5 of the Technical .0 ZD 8.0 0.0 0.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.0 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 The first two lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) followed by YD (depth) and ZD (width) values.0 20.0 0.) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. 7 4.0 0. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 .Application Examples 26 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 14 28. The program will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis.0 20.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.Part I .0 0.0 0.

UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000. MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0.Example Problem 3 Reference Manual. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000. the -1.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards. * E FOR STEEL IS 29. The first set of joints are restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z). LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1. a spring having a spring constant of 4000 kip/ft is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant. Since global Y is vertically upwards.0 factor.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). The word ST stands for standard single section.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8. The supports for the structure are specified above. Density and Poisson’s ratio. Member properties for the remaining members are chosen from the American (AISC) steel table. 27 . SELF Y -1. Also.

The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. and is applied on members 7 and 8.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. member forces and support reactions. The load is applied at nodes 6 and 7.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. acting downwards.Part I . FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. .

26. 22.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000. 15.0 10. 5.0 0. 27.0 0. 17.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 8 24. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 8 6 9 9 8 9 . 24. 13.0 0.Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000. 18. 20.0 0.0 10.0 . 14. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8.0 ZD 8.0/ 3144. 34.0 20. 8. 12.0 0. 6 6 7 7 7 8 .0 0.0 0. 25.0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2. 33. 29.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 3.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1.0 0.0 14 28. 32. 9 24.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000.0 6 4. 9. 21.0 5 8.0 20.0 10 20. 35. 11. DISK SPACE = 12. 16.0 ZD 8. 2.2 MB. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1. 6.2 MB 29 . STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT FT KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 31. MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0. 4. 38. 36. 7 4. 30. EXMEM = 568.0 0.0 5 6 9 10 TA ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 * E FOR STEEL IS 29. 37. 23. Intl.0 . 7. 10.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5.0 0. 19. 28.0 0.0 0.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3.

00 0.00 0.32290 0.35 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 9.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00000 0.35 28.04885 -0.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.05440 -0.00 -16.00000 0.87 7.00000 0.22 6.10248 -0.00 63.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 -0.62413 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 1 3 4 0.00 -18.00 16.00 0.00 0.82 10.00 0.00015 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 4 1 4 5 0.00 0.36 -63.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.00 0.00 5 1 3 6 56.49 9.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.40 -9.00 0.35 -16.00 0.20 0.00 0.54 0.00000 0.00 0.53 32.10 10.00000 0.00 0.00 49.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.10 -4.00 0.03597 -0.00 -50.00 0.00 0.Part I .60 -0.00000 0.60 0.00 0.00000 0.09085 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET ----------------JOINT 0.00000 0.00 0.00043 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.31 18.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00028 -0.08043 0.00 0.60 0.00 6.00 0.00 0.13 19.00 0.00 0.74 10 1 9 12 65.00 -0.00 0.00 0.89 -12.00000 0.00671 0.00 63.04257 -0.84 -32.00 0.41 0.00 0.04893 -0.Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 39.00 0.00 0.90 6 1 6 7 29.00 0.40 0.00 0.53 27.00 0.00 21.00 11.06131 -0.86 -56.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.05852 -0.00000 0.19 44.00 0.00048 -0.00 0.00000 -0.00 0.00 -11.00000 0.79 2 1 2 3 0.68 31.00055 -0.35 11.89 18.00 0.08885 -0.00 0.00023 -0.00 0.00000 0.70 0.00485 -0.00 7.00 0.00 94.00 -9.00 0.00 0.00010 -0.00 0.00000 0.00017 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.07856 -0.15 7 1 7 8 16.00 0.00 0.00000 0.60 0.00000 0.00 0.33042 0.00 0.00 0.84 0.00 0.35 -16.00 0.00 0.00 18.00 0.79 49.07162 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.99 0.00000 0.00 0.76 68.00000 0.00 0.00020 -0.00000 0.00 -22.95 6.00000 0.00 0.00395 0.00 0.00 0.59 .68 -11.00 0.00 0.06101 -0.00 0.34 23.00 13.00000 0.28 20.04 0.00000 0.64181 0.22 0.51 16.93 9 1 8 9 31.00000 0.00 0.00035 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00 0.33 0.17 16.82 11 1 10 11 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.76 8 1 6 9 -6.00000 0.00051 -0.00 0.95 27.00 0.00 0.00 -67.00 0.00 -7.26 -117.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.01 -28.15 -94.00 0.16 -65.

net * ************************************************************ 31 .55 13 1 12 13 0.41 0.00 14 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.co.00 0.59 44.41 14 1 13 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** -24.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.41 0.00 0.00 -11.00 -9.00 0.00 0.00 19.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.co.00 0.00 13.00 -89.08 34.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 -30.00 0.co.Pro.00 0.00 40.co.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 1 11 12 0.88 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * Europe support@reel.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.01 0.37 24.08 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.88 -15.reiusa.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.

Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 NOTES .Part I .

different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. 4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. In this example. Y 7 8 8 15 k 13 14 5 3 5 6 4 180" 6 7 k 30 11 9 10 12 2 1 4 1 2 240" X 240" 3 180" 33 .Example Problem 4 Example Problem No.

360. Since this is a plane structure. 180. 8 480. 4 3 6 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 0 Joint number followed by X. 9 1 5 .Application Examples 34 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 0 . STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. To accommodate these requirements. 14 5 8 . one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 360. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Semicolon signs (. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line.) are used as line separators. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). Consequently. UNIT INCH KIP Specifies the unit to be used. 10 2 4 . Also. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . it is necessary to have 2 commands. 5 6 8 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480. 0 7 240. 0 0 4 0 180. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. 11 3 5 .Part I . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 0 6 480. 3 5 7 .

SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle.0.Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive. etc. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again. Poisson’s ratio. This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments. CONSTANTS E 29000. MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss. The word ST stands for standard single section. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table. 2 and 3. Built-in default value of steel is used for the latter. 35 . it is assumed to be 0.

The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. the bracings are not used to carry any load.0 7 UNI GY -1. MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1. INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive.Part I . LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title.5 Load 1 contains member loads. It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier. The loads are applied on members 6. The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. for dead and live load. The length UNIT is changed from INCH to FT for input values which follow. In other words. 8 and 7.Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to any forces for the next load case. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. 7 FX 15 . CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command. JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 . GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.

Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. For load combinations. the program simply gathers the 37 . They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case.75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0.75 2 0. 8 FX -15 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8.Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads.75 3 0. LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title. The negative numbers (-30 and -15) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction. 12 and 14 are made inactive. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.75. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again.

only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases. and combines them algebraically. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis.0 ALL KY 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing. in the output file. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report. Thus. an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases. PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. of the member end forces. but handled using other means. Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3. a combination case is not truly analysed for.5 ALL .Part I . The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. are recognized as the "active" load cases. factors them appropriately.0 ALL UNT 6. (As explained earlier. Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis.0 ALL UNB 6.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members.

Design will be done according to the specifications of the AISC ASD Code.5 for ALL members. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0. KY 0.Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained). CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements. UNT and UNB represent the unsupported length of the flanges to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress. 39 . FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.

0 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 25. 7. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 11. 26. 31. 10. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 42. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1. 9 1 5 . 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 3 5 7 . 11 3 5 .75 2 0. 18. 360. 3.3 MB 30.14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 CONSTANTS E 29000. 8 FX -15 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 39. 22. 45.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 35. 40. 29. 10 2 4 . 6. 24. 14. 5. STAAD PLANE A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT INCH KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480. 8 480. 19. 8. 16. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 47. 360. 46. 23. 13. 2. 9.0 7 UNI GY -1. DISK SPACE = 12. 7 FX 15 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 .Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. Intl. 34. 0 6 480. 43. 44. 17.Part I . CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 . 38. 27. 15. 37.75 3 0. 41. 4 3 6 . 36.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 33. 5 6 8 . 0 . 21. 0 0 4 0 180. 4. 28. 12.0/ 40263. 180.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL 3 18 . 20. 0 7 240. 32.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 -28.00 0.03 6.84 3.00 0.00 0.95 2.31 15.37 -0.95 -0.00 0.00 0.72 -0.00 0.30 -12.00 0.76 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.00 0.64 -35. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.79 22.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.34 -0.86 -9.84 17.67 29.92 1.78 -29.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.61 7.07 -0.00 0.88 7.00 0.11 -19.08 -0.00 0.00 0.26 11.12 -2.74 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 20.00 0.77 0.97 -5.25 35.00 0.00 0.14 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -10.00 0.00 0.09 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.26 -4.38 5.79 -20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.12 2.00 0.70 2.16 0.66 -24.71 5.00 15.00 0.00 0.37 2.00 0.00 0.00 -13.00 0.00 0.33 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 -7.35 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.09 8.00 3.00 0.00 0.31 0.40 -1.00 0.67 0.00 2.00 0.09 -35.95 0.91 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 11.22 -0.00 0.00 0.42 -0.00 -9.86 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.63 -1.00 0.79 35.97 10.00 0.00 0.33 0.38 -7.00 0.88 -10.16 -0.00 0.05 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.83 5.29 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 -10.95 -10.00 0.26 24.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.45 -50.73 -30.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.35 15.97 9.13 2.07 -0.00 0.33 1.27 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.00 8.00 0.61 -15.63 0.78 9.00 0.00 -2.42 0.84 -22.00 0.26 -8.42 -0.52 0.76 -3.92 -1.00 0.00 0.65 0.83 -15.00 0.66 -13.00 -5.00 0.00 0.00 -2.97 18.00 0.37 -0.00 0.00 0.80 13.00 0.00 0.65 0.90 14.00 0.Example Problem 4 48.45 -0.34 0.13 -7.00 0.00 0.78 -18.00 0.60 0.26 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 10.26 0.67 0.29 0.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.11 2.00 10.00 0.38 -0.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 9.07 -18.85 -2.00 1.00 0.00 0.06 -44.00 0.27 -2.00 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.95 9.00 0.19 0.91 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 8.07 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 -0.00 0.26 -23.00 0.00 -0.74 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.01 0.06 28.64 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 15.20 -2.40 0.00 0.20 0.95 -35.00 0.73 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 38.29 10.00 0.16 -0.09 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -9.06 -9.05 0.00 0.83 0.22 -0.00 0.05 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 23.60 -0.47 9.00 -2.00 0.84 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 41 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.19 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 -0.08 -0.00 0.20 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 -38.00 0.00 0.76 -15.15 0.97 -5.33 1.66 -11.00 0.48 8.00 0.00 0.67 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.

74 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -16.00 0.00 0.55 -17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 12.00 0.00 -22.30 12.00 0.Part I .00 0.58 12.00 0.97 18.82 -22.00 0.31 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 7.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 12.00 0.06 -12.00 0.58 -12.00 0.21 -44.20 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 22.58 14.00 0.40 -0.88 -3.00 0.00 0.66 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 58.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 46.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -10.00 0.07 -16.67 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 41.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 -0.00 0.00 0.84 -17.00 0.31 0.00 0.47 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 -2.00 0.03 25.74 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.38 7.00 0.65 -12.64 -26.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.00 0.87 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 33.00 0.00 0.00 -33.78 4.00 0.35 -0.00 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 -2.74 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.80 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 2.67 -14.00 0.73 16.00 0.00 0.20 14.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 0.60 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 16.58 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.72 9.00 0.73 0.00 0.00 0.62 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 0.85 4.00 0.00 0.05 -32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -25.00 0.00 -19.88 29.65 10.41 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -22.00 19.00 0.00 0.37 12.00 0.00 0.14 9.

00 43 .00 0.00 4 15.00 0.05 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 TABLE ST W12X26 PASS 18.84 C 7 ST W18X35 8 ST W18X35 9 LD L50505 PASS 32.00 0.00 0.00 0. 55.00 0.00 0.H1-1 0.00 5 15.00 0.00 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49.95 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.346 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-1 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1.285 0.00 0.00 46.00 -23.00 0.00 0.00 -17.00 0.00 0.00 0.394 0.07 C 2 ST W12X26 3 ST W12X26 4 ST W12X26 PASS 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.416 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 13 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 0.00 0.00 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .03 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.302 0.0 ALL UNT 6.442 0.00 0.00 0.61 C 6 ST W18X35 PASS 22.00 5 15.00 0.00 -8.00 0.00 4 10.H1-3 0.00 0.16 13.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 5 15.00 0.26 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. 56.00 0. 54.00 5 0.00 0.58 C PASS 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 15.00 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0 ALL UNB 6.76 C PASS 35.H1-3 0.H1-1 0. 52.00 0. 51.00 0.591 0.00 0.45 C PASS 15.00 0.00 0.00 0. 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.55 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 17.00 0.00 0.00 -13.00 -14.00 35.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 20.00 0.00 0.0 ALL KY 0.00 0.00 0.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.5 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 -13.H1-1 0.00 0.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 2.00 18. 50.00 9.00 0.00 0.78 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.32 0.00 0.00 0.394 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 C 5 ST W12X26 PASS 15.00 0.00 0.76 0.00 0.00 0.00 -17.00 0.69 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.191 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 13.00 0.00 0.05 C PASS 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.97 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 4 0.H1-3 0.00 0.55 0.00 0.

com * * Europe support@reel.00 (AISC TENSION 0.net * ************************************************************ .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 (AISC TENSION 0.31 T 11 LD L50505 PASS 22.00 0.00 4 0.co.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.100 0.Pro.171 0.co.102 0.00 SECTIONS) 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.32 T (AISC TENSION 0.147 0.16 T 14 LD L50505 PASS 13.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) 57.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 5 0.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 10 LD L50505 PASS 19.00 (AISC TENSION 0.00 4 0.41 T 12 LD L50505 PASS 16.00 5 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.73 T 13 LD L50505 PASS 13.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 ALL UNITS ARE . please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 5 0.Part I .uk * * Asia support@reiasia.128 0.

Example Problem 4 NOTES 45 .

Part I .Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 NOTES .

5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.Example Problem 5 Example Problem No. Y 20' 2 2 10' 3 1 3 4 4 X Z 5 20' 5 6 47 .

MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 . CONSTANT E 29000. IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX (torsional constant) are provided in INCH unit.0 0. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 10. UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10. UNITS KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. IX 10.Application Examples 48 Example Problem 5 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Y and Z coordinates.Part I .0 0. IZ (moment of inertia about major axis).0 3 20.0 0. 5 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. IY 300. 20. 6 20. 10.0 0. 4 20.0 5 20. IZ 300. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 2 0. . 0.0 .0 . Semicolon signs (.0 10. Member properties have been defined above using the PRISMATIC attribute. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Joint number followed by X.) are used as line separators.0 0. 20. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. Values of AX (area). ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.0 0. .

FY signifies that the support settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this settlement is 0. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 4 and 6 are fixed supports. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0.50 Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly known as a sinking support. support reactions and member forces. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Example Problem 5 SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED Joints 1.5 inch downward. LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint displacements. 49 .

2 0.0 10.Part I .2 MB 22. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0. . DISK SPACE = 12. 12. 3.0 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 .0 0. 14. IZ 300.0 5 20. CONSTANT E 29000. 15. 18. 19. 11. 20.0 .0 3 20. 20. Intl. 4 20.0 . 21. 16. 10. 10. 5. IX 10. 7. 8. 20. 6 20. 17. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT UNITS KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 5 5 6 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10. IY 300. 6.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 2. 9. 13.0 0.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.Application Examples 50 Example Problem 5 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0.0 10. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS . 0.0 0.1 MB. EXMEM = 568. 4.0/ 3144.

49919 -0.18 -116.07 0.17 107.22 0.00154 0.00 -116.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.64 2 1 2 3 0.net * ************************************************************ 51 .97 0.08 0.08 -0.07 -0.82 3 1 3 4 -1.00040 -0.Pro.15 0.co.reiusa.08 0.00000 0.46 -116.00014 -0.00000 -0.66 0.64 116.22 107.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.09118 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00000 0.46 -116.46 0.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.08 -0.82 -116.66 116.50000 -0.65 -0.15 -0.KIP INCH MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 0.65 -0.00000 0.97 0.07 0.15 -0.97 -0.co.00000 0.65 107.08 -0.09125 0.Example Problem 5 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.01078 -0.07 107.15 0.46 0.00050 0.97 0.00040 0.15 -0.15 -0.09118 0.09125 0.08 -0.95 1.17 107.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.95 -0.00050 0.65 36.07 -0.97 0.97 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00000 0.08 0.00000 -0.00000 -0.95 0.07 -116.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.07 -0.com * * Europe support@reel.00000 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.15 0.07 0.00154 -0.46 -0.08 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00000 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.97 -0.08 19.18 107.97 -1.22 1 4 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00014 0.00000 0.46 107.00000 -0.00000 0.64 5 1 5 6 0.64 107.00154 0.07 -0.15 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00000 0.65 0.46 -19.co.97 -0.46 -36.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.18 4 1 3 5 0.65 19.97 -0.08 0.15 -0.07 -0.18 19.15 -0.00154 0.00000 -0.00000 -0.01078 0.

Part I .Application Examples 52 Example Problem 5 NOTES .

the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is applied. Y 9 8 7 15' 3 6 8 5 5 5 2 15' 7 3 4 1 4 20' 1 X 40' 2 53 . 6 This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.Example Problem 6 Example Problem No. 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load).

The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.2 IZ 1. . 4 40. 5 0. 50. 8 5 6 . 5 4 6 6 6 8 . 0. 4 2 4 . . STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 8 40. . 3 5 7 . 50.0 Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic) attribute. 6 40. 35. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 7 0. POISSON CONCRETE ALL . Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the major axis (IZ) are provided. . . and that allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 0. 9 7 8 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 35.Application Examples 54 Example Problem 6 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. the Z coordinates need not be provided. 20. . 20.Part I . SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports. ALL . MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2. 7 3 4 . UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used for input to follow. Since this is a plane structure. 3 0. JOINT COORD 1 0. UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000. 2 40. Semicolon signs (.) are used as line separators. 2 3 5 .

The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet.g. Members 7 and 8 have cable force of 300 kips. support reactions and member forces in the output file. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 300 kips. EE 3. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1. ES 3. UNIT FT PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements. please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. Poisson’s ratio. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 3 inches above the center of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 12 inches below the c. Load 2 is a POSTSTRESS load.Example Problem 6 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Load 1 contains PRESTRESS load. Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. The assumptions and facts associated with this type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. 55 . EE 3. LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. etc. as well as additional information about both types of loads. For a difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS loading. EM -12. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to perform the analysis. EM -12. Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. ES 3.

00000 0.07698 0.00000 0. 20.00000 0. 7 3 4 .00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0. 5 0. 7 0. 5.00000 0.00000 0. 17.00000 -0. . 35.0/ 3144.00000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.00059 0.2 IZ 1. 15.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE = 12. 11.00000 0. 4.07698 0.00000 0.00000 0.00039 0.Part I .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 8 40.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.1 MB.00000 0. 7.00000 0.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0. Intl. 3 0. 19.00000 0.00000 -0. .00000 0. . 50. STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0. 9.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 14. ES 3. EE 3.00000 0.00059 0.00000 0. 18.00000 0. 20.00000 0.00000 Y-TRANS 0.00000 . EE 3. 6 40.00000 0.00015 0. 35. 4 2 4 . 22.00000 -0. 4 40.00000 0. EM -12.00000 0. 3 5 7 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00087 0. EXMEM = 568. 0.00000 0.00000 0. 5 4 6 6 6 8 .00000 -0.00000 0. 6.00000 0. 8 5 6 . 16.00000 0. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300.00015 0. 10. 21.00000 0.00087 0. . 2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00000 0.00039 0. EM -12. ES 3.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. UNIT FT 25. 12.00000 0.00000 0.Application Examples 56 Example Problem 6 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 2 40.00000 0. 3.00000 0.00000 0.0 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00000 0. 50.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.2 MB 24.07224 0. 20.00000 0.00000 0. 9 7 8 SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2. 2 3 5 . 23.07224 0.00000 0. . . 8.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300.00000 0. 0. 13.00000 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 0.98 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 -38.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6 8 6 8 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 58.50 -37.00 0.00 0.07 297.00 0.34 -2.00 0.34 0.00 0.00 -58.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 MOM Z 58.00 5 7 5 7 0.50 -37.00 0.50 -37.92 13.00 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.50 -37.00 -58.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.71 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 297.00 -13.00 0.00 -2.00 0.29 -75.00 0.65 -297.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.00 5 6 5 6 286.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 -286.50 0.00 0.00 -90.71 0.00 13.62 -75.00 0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 -13.00 -6.00 0.71 6.29 231.00 0.00 -241.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 -231.00 0.81 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -37.00 0.00 0.00 75.00 0.00 0.00 7 8 7 8 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 0.Example Problem 6 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.00 0.65 -37.00 0.00 0.31 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 75.67 0.00 0.00 0.81 117.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 6 4 6 0.00 0.48 -75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 2.00 0.00 0.85 -304.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.00 38.50 -37.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 90.16 -3.00 0.00 75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 3.00 0.00 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 4 3 4 304.00 0.16 0.34 0.65 -297.00 0.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 57 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 241.00 0.00 0.16 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.34 2.98 0.00 0.

com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.net * ************************************************************ . FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.reiusa.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Europe support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Pro.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.Application Examples 58 Example Problem 6 26.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Part I .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.

The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. OFFSET connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. 7 This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections.Example Problem 7 Example Problem No. 20' 5 6 6 3 4 7" 15' 7" 5 4 6" 3 15' 1 7 2 1 2 59 .

.0 0. 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. This allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line.0 -6. 30. . 0.) are used as line separators. Since this is a plane structure.Part I .0 7 END -7. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.Application Examples 60 Example Problem 7 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 7 1 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 6 5 6 . 15.0 5 6 END -7. MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 Member properties are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table for all members. 5 0. the Z coordinates need not be provided. JOINT COORD 1 0. 3 0.0 0. LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. 6 20. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 .0 0. MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 .0 0. 30. The word ST stands for standard single section. 4 20. UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7. 2 20.0 0. UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 15. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Semicolon signs (.0 . . .

SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. UNIT FT PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT. The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. 6 and 7. LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title.Example Problem 7 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50.0 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5. These attributes are applied to members 5. CONSTANT E 29000. 5 FX 25. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis. 61 . The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. The X. . Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided.

Part I . .Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.

20.0 0.00 0. 15.74 10.11 0.00 0.11 -13.43 3 1 3 5 -6. DISK SPACE = 12. 16.00 0. 24.74 11. 2 20. 4 20. 14.00 0. 17.74 13.2 MB 27. 13.50 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 0.00 0. 15.00 4. MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2.00 0.00 0. .0 CONSTANT E 29000.00 -5. 25.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0.00 128. 4.00 0.00 0.74 -6.0 -6. .89 -11.0 0. 11. 3 0. 26. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50.63 5. 2.00 0. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . 0. 22.00 0.0 0.0 MB. 6 20.0 5 6 END -7. 12. .00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.63 0.00 0.22 68. 9.00 0. 18.40 63 . 21.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -10. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7. 8.00 111.49 4 1 4 6 6.00 0. UNIT FT 28.0 0.0 7 END -7.0/ 3144.76 2 1 2 4 75.0 0.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. . . 5. 5 FX 25.00 0.00 0. 7. 6 5 6 . 30.00 -84.00 -75. 30.89 66. 23. 6.00 0. 3.32 -71.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 5 0. 10.89 0. EXMEM = 568. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. 15.74 -4. 19.50 4.74 6. Intl.

00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.47 7 1 1 4 -106.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.16 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.66 106.00 -62.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 66.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.reiusa. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * ************************************************************ . PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -80.00 0.32 -9.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 75.co.56 0.74 0.00 0.99 0.00 0.co.80 -37.37 6 1 5 6 13.63 5.00 -37.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.co.56 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.11 -13.66 -0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.55 -64.39 -66.00 0.99 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 6.63 -75.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.11 -6.00 0.39 -3.Pro.00 -4.00 0.00 0.

Example Problem 7 NOTES 65 .

Application Examples 66 Example Problem 7 NOTES .Part I .

8 In this example. and the members are made of concrete. Two load cases. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead. are considered in the design. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. Y 13 20 7 21 4 11 14 15 8 9 3 1 17 15 18 6 13 10 7 16 16 1 11 8 12 19 2 10 3 X 12 5 14 9 2 4 5 6 X The above example represents a space frame. 67 . The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No. live and wind load. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns.

IX 1018. 14 38 24 0 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . 3 TO 10 PR YD 12. 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. 7 3 9 6 12 . IX 6497.0 IZ 509. All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option. 2 4 10 .0 ZD 16. 11 18 12 24 . JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 5 18 0 24 .Part I . 8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X.0 IZ 5788. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 . 9 7 . a . 18 8 11 . IY 509. IX 1279. 21 14 16 . 6 11 15 . 8 18. UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. IY 864. 2 18 0 0 . YD and ZD stand for depth and width. 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 Joint number followed by X. 11 13 10 11 14 . If ZD is not provided. 19 20 13 15 . 15 13 14 17 7 10 . 12 0 . 3 38 0. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 IZ 864. Y and Z coordinates. 10 12 16 . 9 4 8 13 . 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 .0 ZD 12. 3 2 8 5 5 11 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above.Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Semicolon signs (. IY 2953. 0 4 0 0 24 .

such as.11. IY. SELF Y -1. etc. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports.Example Problem 8 circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. CONSTANT E 3150. moments of inertia (IZ.15 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). walls and slabs to account for cracking.7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.1 of ACI 318-99 offers some guidelines on the amount of reduction to be applied on the gross section moment of inertia for beams. 69 .0 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN . so these will not be re-calculated. etc. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. columns. LOAD 1 (1. Moments of Inertia. Poisson’s ratio. Density. Area. For this particular example. Clause 10. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis. Since global Y is vertically upward.4DL + 1.4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1.4 factor. The IX. Length unit is changed from INCH to FT to facilitate input for DENsity. All properties required for the analysis. the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete.

LOAD 2 . PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT command.1 Load 1 contains member loads also.75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2.7LL + 1.5 11 FZ 20. REPEAT LOAD 1 0.Part I .75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction.0 12 FZ 16.75 (1.4DL + 1.7WL) Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. multiply them with a factor of 0. The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated.8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5. Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction.0 10 FZ 8. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.5 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also. JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed.Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2. .

shear and torsion. END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design.Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2. CODE ACI TRACK 1. Design is performed per the ACI 318 Code. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 11 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. These parameters are described in the manual where American concrete design related information is available. 71 . DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending. MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the #11 bar. The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information that should appear in the output.

13. 16 15 16 17 7 10 . 10 12 16 . 10. 11. 34. CONSTANT E 3150. 5 18 0 24 . 29.0 IZ 5788. 36. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 . 8.5 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 5/ 30 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.7LL) SELF Y -1. 38. 3 38 0. 2 4 10 .8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 6 60 .1 MB 44.0 ZD 16. 12. 8 9 14 9 6 12 . 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . 30. 21. IY 2953. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 23. 3 2 8 . 9. 37. 18.4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2.4DL + 1. 26. 18 8 11 . 28. 40. 42.Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 10 FZ 8.75(1. 3 TO 10 PR YD 12.1/ 40263. 25. 4. 0 4 0 0 24 . 31. 6 11 15 . 16.7LL + 1. 2. 19.5 11 FZ 20.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 19 9 12 20 13 15 . 33.Part I . 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . 4 8 13 5 5 11 . 11 18 12 24 . 14. IY 509. 3. 27. 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 .0 IZ 509. DISK SPACE = 12.75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. 8 18 12 0 . ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN . 35. 17. 11 TO 21 PR YD 21.7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0. 20. 24.0 12 FZ 16. 14 38 24 0 . Intl. IY 864. 7.1 LOAD 2 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 ZD 12. 22.0 IZ 864.15 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1. 39. IX 1279. 2 18 0 0 . 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 . IX 6497. 15 13 14 . 7 3 9 .4DL + 1. IX 1018. 41. 21 14 16 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. 43. 15. 6. 5. 32.

78 -2. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 ===================================================================== BEAM NO.89 2.11 0 + 0-0/0 16 + 2-0/0 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 371.0214 ROWMN=0.48 0. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 5.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.07 -0.14 70. IN.21 0.84 inch^4 73 .00 -8.04 52.41 3.46 -92.33 14.03 -0.26 63.01 -106.45 -4.92 6.54/10.59 41.45 2.80 371.63 10. ROW=0. 14 DESIGN RESULTS .33 0.20 139.21 -0.07 1.19 KIP-FT AT 20.90 5.20 -25.98 -5.00 0.70 -6.67 0.67 FT.40 24. FC . IN.06 0.01 2.74 -0.75 -77. CODE ACI 1999 47.72 -168. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640.80 227.05 54. ROWMX=0.66 -15.00 FT.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT. ROW=0.67 0.19 279.82/ 3.00/ 1. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 43. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2.11 -137.51 -225.66 73. SIZE .01 -1.77 5 11 5 11 289. TRACK 1. MAXMAIN 11 ALL 50.03 -0.0184. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21.KIP FEET MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 68.00 FT. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 2-NUM. FT.73 INCH | | REQD.41 -0.78 -0.60000. ROWMX=0.78 5.00/ 2.09 9. ROWMX=0.83 89.40 92.14 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 8050.82 -69.0044.00 0.23 -4.00 0.62 -0.73 0.27 -17.4000.0085.54 83.61 -0.70 0.45 -3.16.01 0.92 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 45.6 15 + 2-1/4 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 106.00 0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.84 15.59 8.73 -14.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.71 97.32 -286.31 IN2.88 6 12 6 12 170.37 62.47 -31.62 INCH | | REQD.00 0.76 78.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 LEN - 20.10 0 + 2-5/8 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 191.50 15 16 15 16 13.54 105. ROW=0.81 0. IN.09 -3.69 5.01 KIP-FT AT 0. TRACK 2.63 0.00 0.63 -1.72 41. FT.89 -0.00 1.00 X 21.17 2. START CONCRETE DESIGN 46.78 -53.00 0.30 -4.00 0.22 4.06 -0.83 0.92 0. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 80. FY .83 -0.98 11 12 11 12 -9.50 IN2.0 MEMB 16 49.23 83.14 inch^4 2 1 + 6-1/8 4-NUM.79 37.12 -6.09 -7.00/ 2.38 IN2.08 0.0 MEMB 14 48.77 inch^4 3 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM.22 84.22 -10.31 KIP-FT AT 11.49 -3.75/ 5.0214 ROWMN=0.00 -0.0214 ROWMN=0.55 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 4265.53 INCH | | REQD.09 4.67 -14.17 -0.00 0.63 -13.77 82.61 -0.67 14.00FT.71 7.03 -66.08 0.

STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 3-NUM.Part I . LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 4.75/ 5.TO |240.TO |194. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9. ROWMX=0. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S . LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |==========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | ooo | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO.00 X 21. ROWMX=0.0214 ROWMN=0.60000.62 INCH | | REQD. |3.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.75 inch^4 .16.Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 B E A M N O.0038. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.0154.0043.00 inch^4 2 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM.50 IN2.X 21_____________________ 12J____ | | ||=========================================================================|| | 4#11H |18. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR. AT END SUPPORT .4000.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640.80 KIP Tu= 0. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 12. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 53.4 17 + 7-1/2 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 92. | | 16#4 C/C 7 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 2#10H | 3.30 IN2. 20.X 16. 16 DESIGN RESULTS .43 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 6625.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.11 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 320. ___ 11J____________________ 240.00FT.11 KIP Vs= 31.14 IN2. FT. IN.84 inch^4 3 1 + 6-1/2 6-NUM.2 IN.11 KIP Vs= 62. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 7. ROW=0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.76 KIP-FT AT 20.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY . C/C FOR 102. ROW=0. PROVIDE NUM. FC .00 FT. SIZE .0214 ROWMN=0. IN.Vu= 84.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6. C/C FOR 102.37 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2438.21 KIP Vc= 36. | | | | | | | | | 3#6 H 18. |0.4 IN.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0. PROVIDE NUM.82/ 5.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT. IN.0214 ROWMN=0.39 KIP-FT AT 10.95 KIP Tu= 0.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT .TO 240.Vu= 57.00 FT.00 FT.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.6 0 + 0-0/0 2 + 3-3/4 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 105. IN.|182. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR. ROWMX=0. FT. IN. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.50/ 2. ROW=0.46 KIP-FT AT 0.30 INCH | | REQD.30 INCH | | REQD.00/ 2.00/ 1.00/ 1.72 KIP Vc= 36.

455/ 4. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.Example Problem 8 REQUIRED REINF.66/ 307.000 0. | | 12#4 C/C 9 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 3#11H | 3.000 0.67 18. 212. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.00 0.Vu= 70. PROVIDE NUM.000 1.00 0.TO 240. C/C FOR 102.00 92. C/C FOR 102.71/ 212. IN.33 KIP Vc= 69.793/ 3.289/ 1. | | | | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | ooo | | | | | | | | oooooo | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | 6#4 | | | | | | | | | | | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 51.33 20.758/ 0.158 MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KIP-FEET) 0.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT .000 0.33 5.00/ 23. 6#4 H 18.745/ 2. 0.00 0.21 KIP Vs= 13.00 0.78/ 129.00/ 16 D E S I G N 105.00 6.TO 240.00 0.76 LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 R E S U L T S .60 KIP Vc= 69.644/ 2.34/ 271.53 KIP Tu= 0.33 15. AT END SUPPORT .00 0.000 0.67 8.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.419/ 0.000 0.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.68/ 320.4 IN.90/ 218. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) (FEET) (SQ.000 0.885/ 1. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.02 KIP Tu= 0.67 13. IN.80/ 275.00 0.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.00 1.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.37/ 0.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.39/ 309. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.67 3.X 16.18/ 34.X 21_____________________ 16J____ | | ||======= =========|| | 3#6|H |18.000 0.248/ 4. ___ 15J____________________ 240.4 IN.000/ 0.69/ 138. 1.46 0. 0.00 0. PROVIDE NUM.00 0.000 0. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 75 .282/ 3.00 11.000 0.000/ B E A M N O.33 10.00 0. INCH) 0.00 16.00 0.323 0.TO 28.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.Vu= 71.000 0.21 KIP Vs= 15.679/ 4.

4000 PSI. IN. IN. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 .189 SQ.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.AXIAL + BENDING FY .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro.co. 5 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.60000 FC .reiusa.581 SQ.12.00 INCHES.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 6.700 8.015 3 SPACING 2 END 0. SQRE SIZE . BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.4000 PSI.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.AXIAL + BENDING FY .700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 52.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 IN ==================================================================== COLUMN NO.00 INCHES DIAMETER AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 3. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.60000 FC .com * * Europe support@reel. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------11 .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. 2 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .co. CIRC SIZE 12.000 2 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 8. TIED BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.00 X 12.Application Examples 76 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * ************************************************************ .00 IN STA 0.co.Part I .NUMBER 7 5.NUMBER 5 (EQUALLY SPACED) TIE BAR NUMBER 3. END CONCRETE DESIGN 53.

Example Problem 8 NOTES 77 .

Application Examples 78 Example Problem 8 NOTES .Part I .

Concrete design of an element is performed. The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall.Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. 79 . 9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates).

The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines. Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 . 5 35 36 . 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 8 37 38 .Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 4 34 35 . JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . The second line forms the title to identify this project. 2 2 11 3 3 34 .75 0 36 20 11.75 20 39 20 11. MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 .25 0 37 20 3. 9 38 39 .25 20 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands. 10 39 22 11 5 29 .Part I . UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above. Y and Z axes. 6 36 18 7 4 37 .

the points describe the outer edges of a slab and that of a shear wall. In this case. 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 31 24 25 . In other cases. Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. 38 26 27 . 27 13 14 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 . 30 23 24 . DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements. Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . For some members. 39 27 28 . Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized.Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 26 12 13 . 35 16 17 . the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined. 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands. 34 15 16 . GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 81 .

Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the superelement profiles. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported. C and D with 4 elements along the side AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA. Length units are changed to inches to facilitate the above input. B.5 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 0. intensity on elements 41 to 72.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 1 Kip/sq. For example. The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis.Part I . ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1. . MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 1 ft depth and 1 ft width.ft. the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A.5 ft thick. UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT.

83 .9 2 1.Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -20. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3. 22 and 33.3 Load 3 is a combination of 0. 22 FZ -100. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions. FINI The STAAD run is terminated. Design is done according to the ACI 318 code.9 times load case 1 and 1.3 times load case 2. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform a linear elastic analysis is specified above. Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11. START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.

42. 4 34 35 . 29. 59. 19.75 20 39 20 11. 61. 49. 39 27 28 . 34. 54. 22. 33. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . 26 12 13 . 12. 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. 35. 7. 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 48. 23. 50. 15. 40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0.Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.75 0 36 20 11. 3. 5. 55. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 40. 51. 13. 31 24 25 . 46. 30 23 24 . 43. 9. 47. 44. 31. 60. 10. 58.25 20 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 11. 63. 39. 9 38 39 . 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 37. 4. 52. 56. 34 15 16 . 24. 21. 32. 38. 41. 8 37 38 . 25.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD . 27 13 14 . 20. Intl. 17. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND * FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . 38 26 27 . 35 16 17 . 18. 27. 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 . 5 35 36 . 16. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 26. 53. 30. 57.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1. 62. 36.25 0 37 20 3. 8. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . 6. 14. 45. 28.Part I . 2. 36 17 22 37 22 26 .

21 -9.41 20.21 0.52 0.07 234.15 -40.09 8.12 12.21 9.63 366.69 45.53 -10.00 0.53 10.18 0.53 -10.72 331.29 20.28 54.15 -40.0 MB 6 390 69.54 326.28 -48.97 234.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 65/ 12/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 22 FZ -100.03 0.59 TMAX= SMIN= 264.41 0.61 82.29 160.09 -8.09 8. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0 18.97 11.27 -11.61 82.40 SMIN= -336.08 57.41 -10. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.03 75.00 0.65 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.Example Problem 9 64.65 0.01 0.56 -38.92 77.54 73.9 2 1.35 42.16 0.54 -80.75 5.18 -1.90 -0.61 11.98 ANGLE= 50.18 -45.60 327.24 TMAX= SMIN= 241.84 -1.27 13.18 0.08 22.77 82.81 TMAX= 0.45 -5.72 0.41 -57.41 -57.97 48.00 0.16 82.53 299.69 -45.56 -0.08 -25.7 20.61 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 72.72 -11.54 74.59 -266.99 51.07 0.00 0.70 22.21 25.15 40.09 -8. 66. 68.07 -0.24 -239.28 -48.94 ANGLE= -13.76 -72.34 -2.KIP FEET MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0.4 1.83 -1. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= 3 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT 1.00 -9. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 31 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.08 370.00 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY -14.72 -11. 11 33 FZ -20.09 13.03 57.78 326.53 10.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.45 -13.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 38.19 366. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.90 11.01 0.45 -11.75 -0.82 336.00 45.68 1.15 40.00 0.54 73.99 -18. DISK SPACE = 12.03 -0.47 293.5 ANGLE= ANGLE= 85 .23 3. LOAD LIST 1 3 70.28 54.00 -75.01 -0. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 9.92 345.51 51.6/ 40263.00 0.40 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX 0. 67.68 1.54 74.00 0.18 0. 65.68 SMIN= -370.72 -22.01 -0.

net * ************************************************************ .reiusa.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.130 0.310845E+02 47 1 3.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 9 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3.co. 1 1 5.00 BOTT: 0.com * * Europe support@reel.83 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN*************************** 76.666784E+02 -3.Part I .IN/FT) MOM-X /LOAD (K-FT/FT) 47 TOP : Longitudinal direction 47 TOP : Transverse direction 47 TOP : 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.IN/FT) MOM-Y /LOAD (K-FT/FT) .130 0. . 47 47 CASE NO.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.562 11.851 14. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.Only minimum steel required. DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY ---------------------ELEMENT LONG. REINF (SQ.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. END CONCRETE DESIGN 77.705869E+02 PLATE NO.60 TRANS.Only minimum steel required.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.705869E+02 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 73. START CONCRETE DESIGN 74.Pro. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. CODE ACI 75.co.00 / / 1 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. / 0 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.197746E+01 47 1 3. REINF (SQ.

Example Problem 9 NOTES 87 .

Part I .Application Examples 88 Example Problem 9 NOTES .

Tank Model Deflected Shape 89 . Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements.Example Problem 10 Example Problem No.

This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. REPEAT 4 5. 0. Y and Z coordinate increments. 83 5.Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 0. 5. REPEAT 3 0. 0. 5 0. This is followed by X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 5. 0. Joint number followed by X. 0. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates. 20. 0. 0. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out. 15. 0. UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 81 5. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. REPEAT 4 0. 0.Part I . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. REPEAT 2 5. 0. 0. REPEAT 4 -5. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. -5. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 . 0. 0.

The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments. UNIT INCHES ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 8. 6. The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. etc. 91 . No moments will be carried by these supports. up to 76. 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 8. UNIT FT LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above. 11.0 inches THick. This is explained in detail in Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. CONSTANTS E 3000. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS.Example Problem 10 76 77 78 79 80 86 16 87 88 89 89 21 26 31 36 46 26 31 36 41 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element.

Part I - Application Examples

92

Example Problem 10

1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
Load case 1 is initiated. It consists of element loads in the form of
uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis on several
elements.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
UNIT INCHES
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65
The joint displacement values for the listed nodes will be reported
in the output file as a result of the above command.
PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
Two types of results are requested for elements. The first one
requests the nodal point forces in the global axes directions to be
reported for elements 13 and 16. The second one requests element
centroid stresses in the element local axes directions to be reported
for elements 9 and 12. These results will appear in a tabular form
in the output file.
START CONCRETE DESIGN
The above command initiates concrete design.
CODE ACI
DESIGN SLAB 9 12
Slabs (i.e. elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the
reinforcement requirements obtained. In STAAD, elements are
typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of
the element.
END CONCRETE DESIGN
Terminates the concrete design operation.

Example Problem 10

FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

93

Part I - Application Examples

94

Example Problem 10
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STAAD.Pro
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Bld
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK STRUCTURE
UNITS FEET KIPS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. 0. 5 0. 20. 0.
REPEAT 4 5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 4 0. 0. 5.
REPEAT 4 -5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 3 0. 0. -5.
81 5. 0. 5. 83 5. 0. 15.
REPEAT 2 5. 0. 0.
ELEMENT INCIDENCES
1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1
REPEAT 14 4 5
61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1
65 1 6 81 76
66 76 81 82 71
67 71 82 83 66
68 66 83 56 61
69 6 11 84 81
70 81 84 85 82
71 82 85 86 83
72 83 86 51 56
73 11 16 87 84
74 84 87 88 85
75 85 88 89 86
76 86 89 46 51
77 16 21 26 87
78 87 26 31 88
79 88 31 36 89
80 89 36 41 46
UNIT INCHES
ELEMENT PROPERTIES
1 TO 80 TH 8.0
CONSTANTS
E 3000. ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORT
1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED
UNIT FT
LOAD 1
ELEMENT LOAD
4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1.
3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2.
2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3.
1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
-----------------------------------

NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
89/
80/
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
80/
17/
108 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
58 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
13.0/ 40263.8 MB

47. UNIT INCHES
48. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65

25
534

Example Problem 10
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
-----------------JOINT

LOAD

5
25
45
65

X-TRANS

1
1
1
1

Y-TRANS

-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401
-0.00401

0.00025
0.00025
0.00025
0.00025

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS

X-ROTAN

-0.00401
-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401

0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021
-0.00021

Y-ROTAN
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

Z-ROTAN
-0.00021
0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
49. PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
ELEMENT FORCES
--------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

GLOBAL CORNER FORCES
JOINT
FX
FY

16
17
22
21

FZ

MX

MY

MZ

ELE.NO.
13 FOR LOAD CASE
1
-2.3394E+01 -1.8177E+01 -3.6992E+00 -1.2206E+02 2.3406E+02 1.3494E+02
-7.8087E+00 -1.4952E+01 -1.7358E+01 -6.9992E+01 -2.7701E+01 -2.2052E+02
4.0938E+01 5.9769E+00 1.8117E+01 -1.5118E+02 5.5766E+02 2.6685E+02
-9.7352E+00 2.7152E+01 2.9396E+00 2.9766E+02 4.9940E+02 -1.8126E+02

ELE.NO.
16 FOR LOAD CASE
1
19 -3.7545E+01 3.4661E+00 -2.8314E+01 -2.3962E+02
20 -3.6485E+01 5.3807E-01 -2.7070E+01 2.5526E+02
25 3.2481E+01 1.2152E-06 2.6231E+01 -4.9113E+02
24 4.1549E+01 -4.0042E+00 2.9153E+01 5.2581E+02

1.9504E+02 2.4379E+02
2.1809E+02 -4.0256E+02
1.4410E+03 4.9113E+02
1.4689E+03 -3.3236E+02

50. PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
ELEMENT STRESSES
----------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT

LOAD

SQX
VONT
TRESCAT

1

0.15
1.32
1.53
0.82
0.72

0.01
1.18
1.36
SMIN=
SMIN=

-0.02
2.05
2.05
2.04
0.01

-0.04
1.72
1.72
SMIN=
SMIN=

9

TOP :
BOTT:
12

SMAX=
SMAX=
1

TOP :
BOTT:

SMAX=
SMAX=

SQY
VONB
TRESCAB

MX
SX

MY
SY

MXY
SXY

-5.45
0.02

5.60
0.08

5.38
0.03

-0.71
-0.64

TMAX=
TMAX=

-0.09
0.00
-0.01
-1.72

TMAX=
TMAX=

0.76
0.68

ANGLE= -22.1
ANGLE= -22.2

20.05
0.16
1.03
0.86

-0.22
-0.01
ANGLE=
ANGLE=

0.8
0.5

**** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES ****
MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
PRINCIPAL
PRINCIPAL
SHEAR
VONMISES
TRESCA
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
2.044089E+00 -1.715872E+00
PLATE NO.
12
12
CASE NO.
1
1

1.027224E+00
12
1

2.049288E+00
12
1

********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES********************

51. START CONCRETE DESIGN

2.054448E+00
12
1

95

Part I - Application Examples

96

Example Problem 10
52. CODE ACI
53. DESIGN SLAB 9 12
ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY
---------------------ELEMENT

LONG. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-X /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

9 TOP : Longitudinal direction
9 BOTT: Transverse direction
9 TOP :
0.173
0.00
BOTT:
0.176
5.45
12
12
12
12

TRANS. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-Y /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

- Only minimum steel required.
- Only minimum steel required.
/
0
0.196
5.60 /
/
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

TOP : Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Transverse direction
- Only minimum steel required.
TOP :
0.173
0.00 /
0
0.749
20.05 /
BOTT:
0.173
0.09 /
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN***************************
54. END CONCRETE DESIGN
55. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

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Example Problem 10

NOTES

97

Part I - Application Examples

98

Example Problem 10

NOTES

0 1.0 k k/ft 3 4 5 1 10' 2 1 2 20' 99 .5 k 5.Example Problem 11 Example Problem No.5 k 7. 5 6 6 3 4 10' 5. The combined results are then used for steel design. 11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined.

Semicolon signs (. SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 . 4 4 6 5 3 4 . 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 . . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. zeros. UNIT FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table. 6 20 20 0 Joint number followed by X. 2 2 4 . the Z coordinates are all the same. 3 3 5 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .Part I .Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The word ST stands for standard single section. Since this is a plane structure.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. in this case. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .

5 Load 1 contains member loads also and they are applied on members 5 and 6. hence downwards. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y 101 . MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5.000283 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity). The factor of –1. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above. Without the above command.0 14. A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line. this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.Example Problem 11 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. the length unit is changed to FEET for specifying distributed member loads. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0.5 10.0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y. Prior to this.0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case.0 5 CON GY -7.0 5 6 UNI Y -1.0 6. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 5 CON GY -5.

In a SPACE frame.5 10. Internally. SELFWEIGHT X 1. Z etc.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix. Y. GX and GY indicate that the load.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case.0 14. and hence the . Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads. the direction (X.0 6. only X and Y directions need to be considered.0 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign).0 5 CON GY 5.0 14.Part I .0 6. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X. the program converts these loads to masses.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title.0 5 CON GX 7.5 10. In a PLANE frame. Also.0 5 CON GY 7. This will be a dynamic load case.0 5 CON GX 5.0 5 CON GY 5. GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 direction while Y indicates local Y direction. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load.

etc. the spectrum data is given as period vs. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1.0 1.75 2 -0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 10ft and 14ft from the start of member 5.05 1. 7.80 .1 1. and 5 kips are located at 6ft.0 ACC DAMP 0. LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.Example Problem 11 resulting mass. The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations.80 0.). In both cases. That is what is being done above. Load combination case no. Consequently. it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases.75. ABS method.2 are used.5. acceleration. SPECTRUM CQC X 1. 0. 4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2).2 2. the sign of the forces cannot be determined. Concentrated forces of 5. 0. The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines. Load combination case no.35 0. is capable of vibration along the global X and Y directions.0. Damping ratio of 0.00 . the result is factored by 0. to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative.03 1. and hence are absolute numbers. 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2). The word CON stands for concentrated load.2 0.75 In a response spectrum analysis. 103 . 1.75 2 0. Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement).60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method.05 (5%) and a scale factor of 32.95 .05 SCALE 32.5 2.

PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements. Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1.Part I . The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the American Code. reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command. .Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.

75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 46. 34. 36. 3.0 14. 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 0.0 5 CON GX 5.0 ACC DAMP 0.80 . 50.05 1. 40.75 2 -0. 4 4 6 5 3 4 .0 5 CON GY -7. 45.0 1. 21. 37.0 5 6 UNI Y -1. 41. DISK SPACE = 12.03 1. 5. 12.0 5 CON GY 5.0 5 CON GY -5. 32. 48. 2 2 4 . 33.5 10.0 5 CON GY 5.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 5 CON GY 7. 35.000283 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 *LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 14.0/ 40263. 7. 9. 38. 30. 44.0 14.2 2. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 29. 28.5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 .80 0.35 0.0 5 CON GX 7. 16. 6 20 20 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 1.95 .60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.0 6.1 1. 11. 25. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 24. 19. 51. 47.7 MB 2 12 105 . 39. 43. 2. 27. 42. 23.Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 18.05 SCALE 32. 20.75 2 0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 3 3 5 .5 2. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. Intl.0 6.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1.2 0. 0. 22. 31.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 4. 13.0 6. 6. 17. 49.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5.5 10.5 10. 10. 15. 8. 26.00 . 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.0 14.0 SPECTRUM CQC X 1.

00000 1.000E+00 0.00000 0.008538E+01 2.000E+00 0.952E-13 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.67341 1.35 0.08809 -0.606E-03 -7.000E+00 -3.000E+00 0.00000 0. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 2.008538E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 2.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.Application Examples 106 Example Problem 11 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 8 2 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 4.00 0.606E-03 -2.988866E-34 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.348E-03 -3.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 1.000E+00 0.457E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.00 0.000E+00 0.00516 -0.05000 0. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.000E+00 0.135E-03 -7.00361 -0.06140 7.00 55.98 0.000E+00 0.488 16.00 0.00000 0.000000E+00 KIPS SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KIPS -----------------X Y Z 55.000 0.00000 0.288 ACCURACY 0.000E+00 0.00308 -0.000 0.465498E-05 -2.00 0.000E+00 0.02095 3.80226 1.000E+00 -2.00 0.000E+00 0.00 55.00000 0.05000 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.00780 -0.008528E+01 3.00 98.000E+00 0.63 0.00000 0.00 0.63 0.724 ACCURACY 0.00308 0.000E+00 0.00 0.457E-03 -1.999 0.22280 0.67341 0.17 0.463E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.00000 0. To use these frequencies.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.135E-03 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.008538E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -9.00 --------------------------55.Part I .00780 0.00000 0.000 0.00 .000E+00 0.63 0.00 0.000E+00 0. These are for information only and will not be used.000E+00 0.63 0.00000 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 3 PERIOD(SEC) 47.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.834 99.08809 1.348E-03 -1.00516 0.00 55.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KIPS 0.00000 0.404E-10 3.00 0.00000 0.00361 0.000E+00 0.00000 0. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.00000 0.00000 0.83 1.000000E+00 KIPS 0.48795 DAMPING ------0.00000 -0.000E+00 0.000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL 0.

00 0.00 0.28 -24.00000 0.00 0.02303 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 23.00 0.00000 0.44 24.00000 0.00 0.00 0.36 19.01706 0.36 19.00 0.35 -8.00701 -0.00 0.92 0.28 2.01729 -0.30 161.92 8.00 0.00000 0.79 110.00 0.28 -17.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.21 14.00 0.00000 0.00831 -0.28 -44.00000 0.06 14.00 0.46030 -1.00831 -0.61 -40.00 0.06 40.45561 -1.29 161.00 0.00000 0.11 -50.00 0.73 111.00 0.88 -31.00 0.84 2.00599 -0.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.56 -4.00000 0.29 -31.00 0.00 0.56 27.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.06 40.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.40 2.00 0.00000 0.59 -9.00000 0.30 -64.00 -44.00000 0.00000 0.79 131.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 4.00000 0.35 110.00000 0.00397 -0.KIPS FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 40.00000 0.21 -39.61 40.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.21 -39.00302 -0.01729 -0.00 0.00246 0.81 27.00 0.44 0.00000 0.00000 0.01251 -0.00000 0.44 -4.00000 0.70 19.40 2.28 -17.00000 0.00000 0.70 -19.00000 0.00 0.28 -4.00 0.00674 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.81 27.81 24.45561 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.31 -15.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.70 19.00 0.00 0.00000 0.Example Problem 11 52.45 -4.30 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 161.00000 -0.00000 0.56 27.88 14.00 0.98286 -0.00 0.00000 0.07 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 40.00000 0.00000 -0.12 -131.00000 0.00397 0.00599 -0.02370 0.00 -13. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 0.56 4.44 -17.30898 0.98061 -0.00150 1.00 0.00 0.00674 -0.02303 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 14.61 -40.00000 0.00313 1.00000 0.00 0.00 0.06 40.00302 -0.81 24.30 -131.00 0.00000 0.06 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.07 -110.00651 0.28 40.30 161.35 116.00284 0.01251 -0.00000 0.99 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 107 .00000 0.00000 0.56 27.00 0.44 -24.00 0.00000 0.35 131.44 -24.12 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 15.00 0.40 13.00000 0.00 0.28 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.01706 0.94394 1.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00284 0.00 0.00000 0.10 2.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.81 17.16 -35.81 17.98286 0.35 116.00000 -0.73 14.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.75 10.00000 0.00 0.29 31.00000 0.30898 0.00000 0.02370 0.00 0.00029 MOM Z -14.73 -15.00313 1.00000 0.28 17.00248 0.00000 0.98061 0.00 0.00000 0.46030 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.88 14.00701 -0.00 0.00000 0.00246 0.21 14.00000 0.34 4.00 0.30 64.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 -8.45 4.00 -14.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.73 -110.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.84 8.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.94394 1.06 40.00 0.00029 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00150 1.00000 0.00 0.70 -19.00 0.61 0.00651 0.00 0.73 -111.00000 0.00248 0.56 27.

00 0.00 0.45 9.28 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 131.59 -9.00 -131.28 0.61 C 2 ST W21X48 PASS 40.00 0. 56.00 0.00 0.10 2.00 0.58 115.00 0.H1-3 0.63 -6.00 0.21 3.73 -15.00 6.40 13.00 0.31 15.00 0.16 -50.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.99 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.00 3 0.00 0.16 15.872 0.00 0.45 0.KIPS FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W21X48 PASS 19.00 143.00 0.H2-1 0.00 3 0.35 8.00 0.63 6.46 115.H1-3 0.88 23.77 9.34 9.11 50.00 3 0.70 C 3 ST W12X30 PASS 13.00 50.15 11.00 0.34 0.55 11.28 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 -75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 143.84 2.00 0.00 0.76 0.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0. 55.63 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .966 0.75 10.75 C PASS 3.55 26.Part I .84 -8. 54.00 0.63 C (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.84 0.00 0.00 0.15 24.00 0.63 15.54 23.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-2 0.00 3 10.21 24.00 0.88 35. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL STAAD.00 0.34 13.00 0.21 -3.39 13.10 23.00 44.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.10 -44.00 0.92 -8.00 44.00 0.40 2.00 0.88 50.00 0.34 -4.00 0.00 -50.76 9.00 0.84 -8.00 0.99 4 0.39 2.92 4.899 0.00 0.77 26.99 -15.00 75.00 0.00 0.91 -143.21 T PASS 6.00 0.00 0.833 0.00 0.00 4 10.00 -13.28 4.00 0.91 -29.00 0.99 31.21 3.00 0.28 44.16 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -4.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.28 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 8.28 2.H1-3 0.942 0.40 2.00 0.00 50.00 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 15.00 0.00 0.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.35 C 4 ST W12X26 5 ST W14X61 6 ST W8X35 PASS 9.00 0.40 2.992 0.40 15.00 0.00 0.28 8.00 .

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.Example Problem 11 57. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.net * ************************************************************ 109 . TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. FROM THE UPPER MENU. THEN FILE SAVE. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.reiusa.co.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. UPDATE PROPERTIES.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. PRESS RESULTS.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Europe support@reel.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.

Application Examples 110 Example Problem 11 NOTES .Part I .

5' X 3 41 42 Z 30' 111 . To avoid looking into a lot of output. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members.Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. During this process.

MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member number increment and joint number increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively. The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated. the Y coordinates are given as all zeros. . UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.0 & 30 respectively. Since this is a floor structure. The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 Joint number followed by X. the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X. With the repeat (R) command. The first line generates joints 1 through 6. Y and Z increments of 0.Part I .

Example Problem 12 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 Member properties are assigned from the American AISC table for all members. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from FT to INCH. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck. 10. 113 . The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation. 20. WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. 5. that is. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command. UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in FEET and KIP units. 3 axles ( 20 20 10) are specified with the LOAD command. The word ST stands for standard single section. UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. such as a truck. WIDTH 10. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. DISTANCE 10.283E-3 ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated.

LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7. In this problem. 0. The basis for determining the number of load cases to generate is as follows: As seen in Section 5. Thus.1 of the Technical Reference manual. The last load case should be the one for which the last axle is just about to exit the bridge.0 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5. The Z Increment of 10ft denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 10ft apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases. 10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier.0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1.1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1.Part I . the X. ZI 10. If we want the vehicle to move forward in 15 feet increments (each 15 foot increment will create a discrete position of the truck on the bridge). that comes to (10+5) + 150 = 165 feet.Application Examples 114 Example Problem 12 SELF Y -1. 10 ft increments have been used.5 0. This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation. . the reference wheel is on the last axle.31. The first load case which is generated will be the one for which the first axle is just about to enter the bridge.31. it would required 165/15+1 = 12 cases to be generated. and 10 cases generated. For the first of these load cases. the total distance travelled by the reference load will be the length of the vehicle (distance from first axle to last axle) plus the span of the bridge. As this example is for demonstration purposes only.

PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file.Example Problem 12 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 115 .

22.00 10.50 2. 5.UNIT KIP MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -20. 4.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 27.00 15. 16. 27. 20. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 17. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 10.2/ 3143. 21. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 96 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 3 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10. 9. 3.Part I . WIDTH 10.000 -5.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 5.00 15. 8. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.000 -10. 2. DISTANCE 10. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 6/ 21 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11. 12. 15. 18.000 -20. 0.00 10.000 -10.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.283E-3 ALL UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. 7.00 LIN1 LIN2 . 26.278 KIP LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD .Application Examples 116 Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 24. 14. 6. 19. 23.00 15.50 10. Intl.000 -5.00 10.000 -10. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. 10.00 15.7 MB. ZI 10. EXMEM = 568. 20. 13. DISK SPACE = 12. 11. 25.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.5 0.0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7.

000 -10.50 10.00 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 25.00 2.000 -10.00 10.00 25.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 CON -10.000 -5.00 15.00 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 CON -20.50 2.00 10.00 20.000 -10.000 -10.000 L LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 20.00 25.00 15.000 -10.00 25.000 L 117 .00 5.000 -5.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.000 -5.000 -10.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.000 -10.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.000 -20.00 10.000 -5.000 -10.00 20.000 -5.000 -5.00 5.000 -10.000 -5.00 10.50 5.50 2.00 20.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.00 25.000 -10.000 -10.00 15.000 -5.00 15.00 20.000 -10.00 20.00 10.00 20.00 25.000 -20.000 -10.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 CON -10.000 -5.000 -10.00 25.00 25.000 -5.000 -10.00 20.000 -10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 5.000 -5.000 -5.Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -10.000 -5.00 20.000 -5.00 20.000 -10.000 -10.00 20.000 -20.00 10.

Part I .000 -5.000 -20.00 20.50 5.00 25.00 15.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 CON -10.00 10.000 -5.000 -10.000 -10.000 -5.000 -5.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10.00 25.00 25.000 -5.00 5.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10.00 20.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -10.00 15.000 L .00 20.000 -5.00 5.000 -20.000 -5.000 -5.00 10.50 2.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -20.00 20.000 -20.00 20.00 5.00 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -10.000 -10.000 -10.000 -5.00 25.00 10.00 15.000 -5.50 2.000 -10.00 10.00 15.000 -5.00 2.00 20.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 20.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.000 -10.00 10.00 20.00 5.00 20.000 -20.00 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .Application Examples 118 Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 5.00 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -10.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.000 -10.50 2.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.50 5.00 5.00 20.UNIT KIP MEMBER 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.00 2.000 -10.50 10.000 -10.00 10.000 -20.00 20.000 -10.000 -10.

00 30.00 -0.000 -5.reiusa.50 2.00 10.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.08 0.00 5.00 5.00 -99.Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.50 10.000 -10.00 5.00 5 1 10 11 FX DIST 0.000 -10.00 15.00 0.00 -109.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 1 1 1 11 6.000 -5.89 0.50 5.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL FEET L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -20.00 -4.00 -373. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KIP FEET MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN 42 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD 18.000 -10.00 10 1 11 11 6.80 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 5 1 10 11 0.00 5.08 0.00 -6.Pro.02 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 28.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 5.net * ************************************************************ 119 .com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 1 0.co.com * * Europe support@reel.00 15.06 0.33 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= LD **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 4 1 5 11 16.00 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 29.co.80 0.00 2.000 -5.90 0.00 10.00 1 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.000 -5.97 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 3 1 3 11 0.00 0.00 5.00 15.00 5.000 -20.00 15.00 0.co.06 0.00 11 0.00 30.03 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 30.00 10.00 30.000 -10.00 5.00 0.00 30.00 5.00 11 0.

Application Examples 120 Example Problem 12 NOTES .Part I .

13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example.0 k/ft 5.0 k 2 2 3 1 3 1 4 X The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure. 121 .Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends and several intermediate points of the members. Y 3.

material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from FT to INCH. 0. The word ST stands for standard single section. 3 20. 2 0. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL In the above lines. 2 2 3 . STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.Part I .) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. . . Since this is a plane structure.Application Examples 122 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 15. 0. the Z coordinates need not be provided. Semicolon signs (. . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . 15. and Y coordinates are provided above. 4 20. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 Properties for all members are assigned from the American AISC steel table. Joint number followed by X. .

* * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE * POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS). THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS * UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH * POINTS. 4 PINNED Joint 1 is restrained for all six degrees of freedom. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. At joint 4. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. all three translations are restrained. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title.Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 123 . PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory. JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5. Load 1 contains a joint load of 5 kips at node 2. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.

. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.Application Examples 124 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.Part I . * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT The above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.

00 0. 14. 21.63 -32. 8.88 2 1 2 3 4.03 -4.63 4. . 17.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.00 0. 7.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 2 2 3 .03 27. 28. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 11. 22. 29.00 0.63 0. 125 .0/ 3143.03 -4. DISK SPACE = 12. 25. 9. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 19.88 -60. 2. 30.37 32. 15.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 3. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 22. 6.97 -0. 13. 26.39 0. 16.37 0. Intl.00 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .00 0. 5. 3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000.00 0. 15.00 0. . * * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAMND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS).49 -7. 4. 0. 27.00 0.00 60.00 0.00 0. 20.03 0. 4 PINNED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5. EXMEM = 568.3 MB. 0. 15. .37 -27. 10.97 0.00 0. 12. 18. 3 20. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH POINTS.00 7.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 27.00 0.00 0. 4 20.Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 2 0.00 0.39 3 1 3 4 32.2 MB 23. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3.00 0.

uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.9162 1.0000 0.0128 -0.1461 0.0385 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. 33.0000 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.0000 90.0000 182 0.9165 DISP = 0.0296 1 1.0000 0.1494 1.0000 0.reiusa.9136 1.0096 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.6719 0.0289 -0.1486 2.0173 0.41111 1. 37.0215 -0.0257 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.0000 0.0000 0. 32.0353 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.9122 DISP = AT -0.0000 DISP = 0.0000 0.0000 -0.9890 0.co.6316 -0.0000 0.9133 1.0000 0.5474 0.2833 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. 36.3398 LOAD L/DISP= -0.9125 LOAD 1 2.0160 -0.2856 -0.co.0000 0.0385 1. THE LOCATION * OF THE MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.3903 -1.7290 1.9154 1.0000 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.0000 0.0064 0.9318 1.3882 0.net * ************************************************************ .7736 1.0323 AT -0.0032 1 L/DISP= 0.9140 1.0135 -0.0000 0.9544 1.0010 -1.00 0.0000 0.9165 1.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.Pro.Part I .Y.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0054 -0.0000 120.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.0000 0.0108 -0.0000 0.0323 -0.0269 -0.0192 -0.2067 -1.co.2539 0.0666 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.0000 0.0000 0.9082 -0.com * * Europe support@reel. 35.0000 0.1331 -0.9122 2.0000 0.0000 0.0188 -0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0000 0.0000 0.0000 214 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** 38.0321 -0.0000 0.0000 75.0000 0.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 13 31.0000 437 0.3303 L/DISP= -0.83895 AT 0.co.9158 1.6480 LOAD -0.3260 -1.31688 1.0000 0.0225 -0.0081 -0.0162 -0.3523 -1.7221 -1.0720 2.0242 -0.0000 0.0000 0.9143 1.0000 0.0000 0.0027 -0.3931 1.0822 1. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X.0000 0. 34.9129 1.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.9151 1. * THIS VALUE IS MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE STRAIGHT * LINE JOINING START AND END JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.1538 1.5471 0.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0.0000 0.9147 1.

Example Problem 13 NOTES 127 .

Part I .Application Examples 128 Example Problem 13 NOTES .

The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. 49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 129 .Example Problem 14 Example Problem No.

coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 The X. Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112.Part I . UNIT FEET KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64. the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136. A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 . Then. Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here. The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times. this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 10 feet for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16.Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. First. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.

5 CT 0. members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants.Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236. 131 . UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in American (AISC) steel table. the default built-in values are used. Finally. Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor. The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands.2 I 1. UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints. The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD.25 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2.

PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report in the output file of all the applied and generated loadings. Member weights are not shown in this example.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. it is important that we add horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc.Part I . . the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. In other words. Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight.25 In load case 2.Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 Importance factor. Along with the UBC load. the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads. It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. joint weights and/or member weights.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. Vertical loads too are part of this case. deadweight and other vertical loads are also added to the same load case. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. and.25 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of load case number.

Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory. 133 .

0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 46.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 33. 43. 20.Application Examples 134 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 25.2 I 1.5 CT 0. 19. 39. 47.25 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA . 52. 7.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1. 15. 28. 6. 34. 4. 11. 24.25 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. 2. 30. 14. 32. 38. 36.Part I . 49. 23. 16. 45. 5. 22. 37.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. 31. 13. 48. 8. 3. 42. 35.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 29. 50. 40. 26. 12. Intl. 17.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 21.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. 44. 53. 27.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2.25 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. 51. 18. 41. 9.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 14 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 16/ 14/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 135 .00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0. EXMEM = 568.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.4/ 3143.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 23 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.3 MB.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.000 * * C = 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.53 = 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 X 285.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.UNIT KIP 185.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.7500.00 0.00 0.50 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 0.53 = 17.00 0.25 -1.252 Tuser = 0.00 0.000 * * C = 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.0611 X 285.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.988 Tuser = 0.50 -2.00 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** .00 0.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.7500.00 0.

000 0.000 0.357 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.307 0.125 0.000 0.307 0.442 0.125 0.182 0.000 0.000 0.182 0.Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.442 0.000 0.364 0.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.000 AT LEVEL 10.125 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 FEET 0.000 0.357 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.273 0.182 0.000 0.154 0.719 137 .357 0.154 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.273 0.000 AT LEVEL 20.273 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.250 0.750 0.000 0.000 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 1 0.442 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.154 0.307 0.182 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.442 0.000 0.357 0.357 0.307 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.357 0.000 ----------0.000 0.456 0.307 0.154 0.154 0.154 0.154 0.357 0.364 0.154 0.250 0.000 0.307 0.

442 0.719 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .000 0.000 0.357 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.750 0.000 0.182 0.000 ----------0.357 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.250 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 2 0.000 AT LEVEL 20.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.154 0.000 0.273 0.125 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.182 0.000 0.154 0.154 0.000 0.273 0.357 0.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.307 0.000 FEET 0.442 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.182 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.442 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.125 0.154 0.000 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.364 0.182 0.000 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.000 0.357 0.000 0.307 0.154 0.357 0.Part I .273 0.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.307 0.000 0.357 0.357 0.307 0.125 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.000 0.456 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.442 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.154 0.250 0.364 0.000 0.

00 0.01 -4.61 0.02 0.92 -0.01 -0.02 5.05 -4.11 -0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -0.01 -4.10 14.05 -4.80 0.00 0.83 -0.02 5.82 -0.33 -0.05 16.33 5.37 0.05 -4.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.05 -4.33 5.05 -4.95 20.00 -0.90 0.10 19.82 -0.33 4.82 -0.36 19.15 17.34 -0.62 0.37 0.76 20.52 21.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.69 20.00 0.11 -0.00 -0.83 0.01 -0.00 4. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.59 16.38 0.00 0.01 -0.co.02 5.co.61 0.92 -0.41 21.38 -0.24 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.01 -0.33 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 55.00 0.93 -0.11 -0.01 -0.02 5.01 -0.91 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.33 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.31 19.62 17.02 5.33 5.15 0.80 0.10 0.01 -0.69 22.76 21.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.01 -4.38 0.31 17.34 -0.30 0.com * * Europe support@reel.11 -0.00 0.00 -0.02 5.05 -4.11 -0.91 0.38 -0.00 0.co.00 0.62 0.01 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.83 -0.38 -0.24 0.33 4.00 0.44 -0.24 0.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 139 .00 -0.00 0.69 11.82 0.02 5.24 -0.reiusa.00 0.01 -4.00 0.52 12.00 0.88 20.25 -0.02 5.82 0.82 -0.01 -4.01 -0.11 12.36 14.00 0.62 19.00 -0.01 -4.41 16.05 -4.36 -0.82 -0.44 -0.01 -0.51 17.10 0.co.01 -0.59 17.25 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.38 0.95 15.01 -0.33 0.69 16.01 -0.83 0.02 0.83 -0.82 0.01 -0.00 -0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.33 -0.05 -4.80 0.37 0.36 -0.33 4.00 0.01 -0.11 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.80 0.83 0.30 0.05 11.01 -4.00 0.11 -0.00 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.01 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.95 22.00 0.82 0.00 0.33 5.37 -0.Example Problem 14 54.93 -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.88 21.82 0.01 -0.00 0.51 15.95 17.

Application Examples 140 Example Problem 14 NOTES .Part I .

17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 141 . 15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.Example Problem 15 Example Problem No.

30 13 15 . 35 21 23 . UNIT FEET KIP The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used for data to follow. 29 10 13 . The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame. Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs. 28 12 14 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X. 36 19 24 .WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem. 33 20 22 . Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD. 34 18 21 . 31 11 16 32 17 20 . MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 .Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE . Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 12 ft.Part I .

UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0. SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification. In this case. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can 143 . or pressure loads on plates.1 0. distributed loads on members. Three different sections have been used. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in American (AISC) steel table.85 JOINT 17 20 22 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading.90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. the default values have been used. Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties. the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0.

In this case.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 11 ft.9 12. 20 and 22.0 20. In this case.9 24.0 20. is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification. and converts them to values that can then be used as concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases.0 YRANGE 11.25 . In the EXPOSURE factor specification.1 FLOAD -0. The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command.25 XRANGE 10.45 XRANGE 0. .15 Kips/sq. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases. and 12 to 24 ft. LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12 FT AND 24 FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11. ft) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 12 ft.1 FLOAD -0.0 10.). ft and 0. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0. two different wind intensities (0.0 21. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1.2 .9 12.0 ZRANGE 0.0 ZRANGE 0. two different exposure factors are specified.0 YRANGE 23. The input specification is done in two stages.Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility.85 for joints 17.1 FLOAD -0.13 ft. In this example. WIND loading TYPE 1.1 Kips/sq.Part I . defined previously. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure. This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input.

XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting.0-10.0 ft and ZRANGE of 0.9-12.45 Kip/sq. ft in the negative global Y direction. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory.Example Problem 15 In load case 2 in this problem. The -0. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces and distributed forces on the members located in that region.45 signifies that the pressure is 0.1 ft.0 ft. 145 . The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution. The YRANGE. For example. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure.0-20. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 11. In a floor load generation. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification. XRANGE of 0. a floor load generation is performed.

0 20.1/ 3143.25 XRANGE 10.85 JOINT 17 20 22 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. 10. 27. 33. 39. 15. 49. 22. 12. 19. 35 21 23 .9 12. 38.90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. 41. 40.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0. 14. 2.9 12. 28 12 14 .Part I . 17.1 FLOAD -0.0 YRANGE 11.25 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 31 11 16 32 17 20 . 25. 21.45 XRANGE 0.1 FLOAD -0. DISK SPACE = 12. 34 18 21 . 23.9 24. 24. 26. 36. 8. 9. 47.0 ZRANGE 0. 50. 11.0 21. EXMEM = 568. 4. 31.2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11. 33 20 22 . Intl. 42.2 MB .0 ZRANGE 0. 43. 29. 37. 32.0 YRANGE 23. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD SPACE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 7 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 30. 29 10 13 .Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 1. 28. 36 19 24 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0. 35.1 FLOAD -0. 7. 44. 46. 3. 16. 34.0 10. 45. 48.1 MB.0 20.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 18. **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6. 30 13 15 . 20.1 0. 5. 13.

439 -0.42 0.00 0.42 9.088 -0.42 9.00 0.264 -0.UNIT KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 3.439 -0.42 0.80 8.00 0.Example Problem 15 LOADING 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION ----------JOINT LOAD .03 9.00 0.93 6.82 3.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 UDL L1 L2 CON -0.088 -0.55 7.143 -1.00 0.00 0.439 -0.97 1.615 -0.00 0.264 -0.03 9.00 0.318 -1.088 -0.42 0.00 0.264 -0.318 -1.00 0.60 8.088 -0.93 6.264 -0.00 0.82 3.42 9.82 3.00 0.58 0.615 -0.967 -1.439 -0.60 7.264 -0.31 5.00 0.00 0.58 0.31 5.20 3.58 2.143 -0.18 7.59 9.80 8.088 -0.20 2.791 -0.00 0.143 -0.615 -0.791 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.31 5.58 2.088 -0.791 -0.18 7.45 4.18 4.58 0.93 6.00 0.69 5.00 0.439 -0.00 0.00 0.07 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.82 LIN1 LIN2 147 .97 1.791 -0.00 0.00 0.143 -1.00 0.439 -0.00 0.439 -0.264 -0.07 4.80 8.69 5.00 0.58 2.00 0.791 -0.20 2.03 9.20 8.00 0.615 -0.967 -0.55 7.00 0.00 0.615 -0.00 0.318 -1.00 0.143 -0.967 -1.791 -0.264 -0.10 4.00 0.143 -1.967 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 2.00 0.20 2.318 -1.00 0.45 4.791 -0.45 4.318 -1.088 -0.615 -0.318 -1.69 5.10 16.00 0.18 7.07 4.00 LOADING 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT ----------MEMBER LOAD .615 -0.967 -0.00 0.97 1.97 1.58 2.42 0.967 -1.00 0.00 0.55 7.

088 -0.967 -0.31 5.615 -0.318 -1.143 -0.143 -1.967 -1.45 4.439 -0.42 9.80 8.791 -0.03 9.18 7.69 5.18 7.82 3.318 -1.143 -1.82 3.18 7.82 3.791 -0.318 -1.967 -0.615 -0.264 -0.80 8.07 4.03 9.42 LIN1 LIN2 .20 2.07 4.143 -0.93 6.791 -0.20 2.42 9.088 -0.45 4.97 1.615 -0.03 9.80 8.93 6.42 0.439 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.318 -1.45 4.42 9.18 7.791 -0.143 -1.264 -0.318 -1.791 -0.07 4.318 -1.Application Examples 148 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .439 -0.143 -1.97 1.69 5.439 -0.31 5.58 0.143 -1.967 -0.264 -0.439 -0.264 -0.58 2.07 4.088 -0.967 -1.318 -1.42 0.088 -0.Part I .791 -0.69 5.088 -0.80 8.088 -0.31 5.967 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 FEET L2 CON -0.80 8.69 5.318 -1.58 2.264 -0.615 -0.55 7.31 5.967 -0.439 -0.615 -0.318 -1.143 -0.58 0.264 -0.55 7.088 -0.318 -1.20 2.264 -0.439 -0.42 0.42 9.93 6.42 0.967 -1.07 4.615 -0.791 -0.03 9.97 1.615 -0.55 7.791 -0.58 0.55 7.615 -0.55 7.143 -0.967 -1.967 -1.58 2.20 2.69 5.45 4.93 6.97 1.264 -0.82 3.615 -0.791 -0.58 2.58 0.088 -0.45 4.439 -0.18 7.439 -0.93 6.143 -0.31 5.

886 -0.177 -0.21 16.58 9.26 8.58 8.21 7.46 1.768 -0.768 -0.532 -0.059 -0.059 -0.375 GY -1.532 -0.54 0.886 -0.650 -0.059 -0.532 -0.26 9.79 4.059 -0.26 18.54 0.375 GY -1.059 -0.768 -0.93 10.375 GY FEET L2 5.46 1.74 2.177 -0.532 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.886 -0.16 5.414 -0.42 3.89 8.84 15.414 -0.52 7.93 10.414 -0.42 3.89 8.295 -0.48 5.295 -0.48 5.50 4.11 3.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 9.177 -0.79 4.088 -0.46 1.414 -0.84 6.74 2.84 6.177 -0.532 -0.16 -0.58 18.059 -0.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .650 -0.84 5.89 17.532 -0.79 4.21 7.42 3.52 7.79 4.93 9.11 3.50 0.11 3.295 -0.886 -0.54 -0.295 -0.177 -0.650 -0.52 6.177 -0.54 4.532 -0.26 9.886 -0.059 -0.07 1.50 CON L -0.768 -0.58 0.89 7.177 -0.177 -0.03 9.650 -0.768 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 -1.650 -0.48 5.07 1.295 -0.93 19.768 -0.07 1.295 -0.295 -0.21 6.264 -0.414 -0.00 5.650 -0.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.16 5.295 -0.11 3.74 2.650 -0.58 9.650 -0.768 -0.52 16.50 10.414 -0.74 2.00 LIN1 LIN2 149 .48 5.414 -0.414 -0.42 3.07 1.16 14.886 -0.46 1.532 -0.768 -0.

244 -0.58 0.20 2.82 3.635 -0.Part I .732 -0.69 5.42 3.342 -0.42 0.79 4.80 8.439 -0.69 5.635 -0.31 5.049 -0.80 8.97 1.886 -0.82 3.42 9.03 9.45 4.635 -0.732 -0.82 3.07 4.049 -0.07 4.244 -0.537 -0.439 -0.342 -0.45 4.732 -0.18 7.146 -0.03 9.532 -0.69 5.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .244 -0.732 -0.342 -0.537 -0.244 -0.03 9.537 -0.58 2.20 2.439 -0.97 1.439 -0.635 -0.18 7.177 -0.58 2.146 -0.146 -0.42 0.69 5.16 5.48 5.58 2.049 -0.049 -0.537 -0.42 9.55 7.42 9.146 -0.342 -0.07 1.58 2.244 -0.07 4.80 8.244 -0.45 4.93 6.732 -0.537 -0.20 2.635 -0.886 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.97 1.03 9.537 -0.049 -0.732 -0.439 -0.635 -0.732 -0.635 -0.74 2.55 7.732 -0.82 3.342 -0.414 -0.42 0.537 -0.84 LIN1 LIN2 .342 -0.58 0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 FEET L2 CON -0.58 0.11 3.049 -0.439 -0.93 6.146 -0.146 -0.146 -0.07 4.97 1.31 5.146 -0.31 5.46 1.635 -0.244 -0.537 -0.80 8.295 -0.20 2.55 7.342 -0.31 5.650 -0.049 -0.18 7.42 0.049 -0.55 7.342 -0.439 -0.58 0.244 -0.059 -0.768 -0.42 9.93 6.93 6.439 -0.18 7.45 4.

74 2.54 4.059 -0.886 -0.650 -0.93 9.177 -0.84 6.049 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 -1.16 -0.80 8.89 8.48 5.58 9.532 -0.52 6.244 -0.79 4.768 -0.059 -0.177 -0.295 -0.48 5.537 -0.46 1.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.42 3.532 -0.58 2.635 -0.93 10.414 -0.244 -0.46 1.16 5.93 10.07 1.50 CON L -0.650 -0.07 4.50 4.69 5.177 -0.375 GY FEET L2 5.295 -0.50 0.00 LIN1 LIN2 151 .26 9.42 3.414 -0.52 16.295 -0.74 2.342 -0.00 5.42 3.54 0.31 5.46 1.768 -0.414 -0.07 1.177 -0.532 -0.26 8.768 -0.439 -0.532 -0.58 18.58 8.07 1.732 -0.342 -0.537 -0.414 -0.059 -0.21 7.54 0.295 -0.89 7.532 -0.89 17.26 18.532 -0.768 -0.93 6.20 2.650 -0.732 -0.11 3.768 -0.177 -0.52 7.93 19.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .82 3.059 -0.146 -0.295 -0.375 GY -1.84 15.26 9.21 6.886 -0.375 GY -1.55 7.03 14.52 7.50 10.768 -0.177 -0.059 -0.650 -0.414 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.79 4.42 0.21 16.58 9.11 3.74 2.21 7.42 9.18 7.650 -0.414 -0.059 -0.48 5.650 -0.16 -0.89 8.45 4.886 -0.439 -0.768 -0.295 -0.11 3.54 -0.886 -0.97 1.84 5.414 -0.177 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.79 4.650 -0.295 -0.146 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.635 -0.532 -0.

049 -0.45 4.20 2.439 -0.80 8.732 -0.82 3.55 7.635 -0.244 -0.07 4.42 9.58 0.049 -0.18 7.439 -0.03 9.537 -0.80 8.635 -0.244 -0.42 9.635 -0.93 6.244 -0.635 -0.537 -0.732 -0.58 2.342 -0.55 7.732 -0.146 -0.439 -0.732 -0.42 0.58 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ LIN2 .03 9.537 -0.732 -0.31 5.45 4.18 7.58 2.049 -0.58 0.20 2.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 FEET L2 CON -0.342 -0.146 -0.97 1.07 4.42 0.97 1.07 4.55 7.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .42 9.342 -0.82 3.97 1.69 5.20 2.03 9.146 -0.58 0.732 -0.439 -0.244 -0.537 -0.342 -0.69 5.93 6.342 -0.146 -0.93 6.537 -0.049 -0.45 4.537 -0.18 7.244 -0.58 2.439 -0.146 -0.635 -0.69 5.049 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 9.342 -0.Part I .31 5.244 -0.635 -0.82 3.049 -0.146 -0.80 8.049 -0.31 5.42 0.439 -0.

65 14.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.32 38.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -5.00 0.25 -16.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.45 29.26 -0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.41 -19.00 0.49 18.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 -0.45 29.17 15.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.17 15.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.Example Problem 15 51.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.01 0.com * * Europe support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.33 66.04 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.74 -6.25 -14.00 0.Pro.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.co.00 0.17 0.01 -0.76 -0.57 -9.00 0.00 0.30 -7.co.00 0.reiusa.65 14.co.22 27.22 27.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 2.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.03 -0.01 0.co.17 0.00 -0.00 0.26 -0.00 0.01 0.35 0.00 0.15 -5.57 -0.00 -0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.66 2.57 -0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 153 .04 0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 52.00 0.30 -7.05 -16.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.

Application Examples 154 Example Problem 15 NOTES .Part I .

The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. The maxima of the joint displacements. 16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. member end forces and support reactions are determined.Example Problem 16 Example Problem No. 155 .

Part I .0 The PRISMATIC attribute is used for assigning properties for all the members. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. Since this is a PLANE frame. UNITS FEET KIP Specifies the units to be used for data to follow.0 0.0 0. CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0.0 3 0.5 0.Application Examples 156 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 4 0. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3.5 0. Area of cross section "AX". The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame.0 2 0.0 7. SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4. and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above.0 10.0 Joint number followed by the X.0 0.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL .0 IZ 240.0 3.

0 -0. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified.5 115.5 0.0 0.001 0. The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake).0 0.6731 2. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0. Following this data.5 Load case 1 above is a static load case.0 -38. First. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.0449 1.0 DAMPING 0.5 -7. the characteristics of the time varying load are provided.721 1. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.5 0. the damping ratio is the same (7.0 -115.075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis.5%) for all modes.61 2. The first stage is defined above.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0001 0.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2.2244 1.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 157 .Example Problem 16 The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E". density and Poisson’s ratio. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs. A uniformly distributed force of 0.5 kip/ft acts along the global X direction on all 3 members.0 0.5 -38.5 -0.2244 2.61 1. In this example.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.82 2.

the program calculates joint displacements for every time step. So. Following that. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously. the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node. at nodes 2 and 3. UNIT FEET PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step. For each degree of freedom. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force. The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history. the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command. is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1. namely.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 16 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis. The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time. The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load commands. at arrival time number 1. UNIT INCH PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure. the Type 2 time history loading. The Ground motion. The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights. FINISH .Part I . PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process. acting in the global X direction.

0 -0.5 -38.0449 1.0 10.721 1.0 4 0.5 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.001 0.0 2 0. 26. 25.0 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0.0 IZ 240. Intl. 14.0 0.2244 2.0 0.075 UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0. 7. NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 6 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: SUBSPACE METHOD *** 159 .5 -0.0 MB.82 2. 28. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 12. 3. 10.5 115.5 0.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 18.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0001 0. 11. 39.0 DAMPING 0. 15. 13.0 -115. 4.0 0.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.0/ 3143. 31. 37. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0. 24. 20.0 3.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0 7. 21.5 -7. 38.5 0. 35.2244 1.2 MB MORE MODES WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES. 6. 19.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0. 22. 36. 27. EXMEM = 568. DISK SPACE = 12. 5. 16.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 29.0 -38.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2. 23.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 32.5 0. 17. 33.6731 2. 9.5 0. 34.0 3 0. 30.61 1. 2.0 0.61 2. 8.

00061 ACCURACY 4.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.000000 Z= 0.00 0.00000 0.000 0.00000 0.559 56.000000E+00 0.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.00000 0.Part I .00000 Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00 0.347E-16 1.00050 -0.00000 0. UNIT FEET Z-ROTAN -0.00000 0.00 0.864824E+00 2.00075 -0.00000 0.006944 Y= 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.01773 0.00100.00103 -0.499 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1799 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.00000 0.00000 0.000 100.00000 0.02632 0.00000 0.06869 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.000 0.604E-08 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 240.00 0.00000 0.000 100.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.000 0.000 100.00000 0.623 1637.00075 .000000E+00 0.868 0.00038 0.00103 0.00 0.00000 0.03537 0.000 0.000 100.00106 0.Application Examples 160 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1 2 3 4 14.00 0.02632 0.00000 0.00038 0.00000 0.000000 40.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.387 945.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.000 0.000 0.359E-13 4.00 0.03537 0.00000 0.00000 0. UNIT INCH 41. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= FEET -2.00050 0.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.00000 0.105E-09 2.00 100.000 100.00000 0.

Example Problem 16
43. PRINT MEMBER FORCES

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
2
1
2

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2.62
-0.88
1.43
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
6.12
0.00
5.01

2
3
2
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.88
0.88
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
6.12
-5.01
5.01

3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.88
2.62
-1.43
1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
0.00
-5.01
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

44. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP
----------------JOINT
1
4

FEET

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-2.62
-1.43
-2.62
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

45. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

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161

Part I - Application Examples

162

Example Problem 16

NOTES

Example Problem 17

Example Problem No. 17
The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this
example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. User
provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not
found in the built-in steel section tables.

Y
15'

15'

16
14

10

9

12

14

11

15

18
17

8

7

15

16

20

9 21

13

22

11

9'

13

12
19

8

23

10

4

15'

2

Pinned

3

5

4

6

5

1

7

6

3
20'

2

1

X

163

Part I - Application Examples

164

Example Problem 17

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE
Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. The
PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane
frame.
UNIT FT KIP
The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used for
data to follow.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. ; 2 30 0 ; 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0
7 0 35 ; 8 30 35 ; 9 7.5 35 ; 10 22.5 35.
11 15 35 ; 12 5. 38. ; 13 25 38 ; 14 10 41 ; 15 20 41
16 15 44
The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the
various joints of the structure. The cartesian system is being used
here. The data consists of the joint number followed by global X
and Y coordinates. Note that for a space frame, the Z coordinate(s)
need to be provided also. In the above input, semicolon (;) signs
are used as line separators. This allows the user to provide
multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCES
113;237;326;468;534
6 4 5 ; 7 5 6 ; 8 7 12 ; 9 12 14
10 14 16 ; 11 15 16 ; 12 13 15 ; 13 8 13
14 9 12 ; 15 9 14 ; 16 11 14 ; 17 11 15
18 10 15 ; 19 10 13 ; 20 7 9
21 9 11 ; 22 10 11 ; 23 8 10
The above data set contains the member incidence information or
the joint connectivity data for each member. This completes the
geometry of the structure.
UNIT INCH
START USER TABLE

Example Problem 17

This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table. All
user provided steel tables must start with this command.
TABLE 1
Each table needs a unique numerical identification. The above
command starts setting up Table no. 1. Upto twenty tables may be
specified per run.
WIDE FLANGE
This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE
FLANGE in this table. Note that several section-types (WIDE
FLANGE, CHANNEL, ANGLE, TEE etc.) are available for
specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual).
WFL14X30
8.85 13.84 .27 6.73 .385 291. 19.6 .38 4.0 4.1
WFL21X62
18.3 20.99 .4 8.24 .615 1330 57.5 1.83 0.84 7.0
WFL14X109
32. 14.32 .525 14.605 .86 1240 447 7.12 7.52 16.
The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide
flange sections. The data for each section consists of two parts. In
the first line, the section-name is provided. The user is allowed to
provide any section name within twelve characters. The second
line contains the section properties required for the particular
section-type. Each section-type requires a certain number of data
(area of cross-section, depth, moment of inertias etc.) provided in
a certain order. For example, in this case, for wide flanges, ten
different properties are required. For detailed information on the
various properties required for the different section-types and their
order of specification, refer to Section 5.19 in the STAAD
Technical Reference Manual. Without exception, all required
properties for the particular section-type must be provided.
TABLE 2
ANGLES
LANG25255
2.5 2.5 .3125 .489 0 0

165

Part I - Application Examples

166

Example Problem 17

LANG40404
4 4 .25 .795 0 0
The above command and data lines set up another user provided
table consisting of angle sections.
END
This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.
All user provided table related input must be terminated with this
command.
MEMBER PROPERTIES
1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109
2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 ; 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62
8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30
14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404
In the above command lines, the member properties are being
assigned from the user provided tables created earlier. The word
UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table.
This is followed by the table number and then the section name as
specified in the user provided table. The numbers 1 or 2 following
the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are
fetched.
MEMBER TRUSS
14 TO 23
The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as
truss members.
MEMBER RELEASE
5 START MZ
The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ
moment at the start joint of member no. 5.
UNIT INCH
This command resets the current length unit to inches.

Example Problem 17

CONSTANTS
E 29000. ALL
DEN 0.000283 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
BETA 90.0 MEMB 3 4
The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity,
density, Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values.
UNIT FT
The length unit is reset to feet using this command.
SUPPORT
1 FIXED ; 2 PINNED
The above command set is used to designate supports. Here, joint 1
is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a
pinned support.
LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0
JOINT LOAD
4 5 FY -15. ; 11 FY -35.
MEMB LOAD
8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.9 ; 6 UNI GY -1.2
The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the
structure. In this case, dead and live loads are provided through
load case 1. It consists of selfweight, concentrated loads at joints
4, 5 and 11, and distributed loads on members 6, and 8 to 13.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this
point.
PARAMETER
CODE AISC
BEAM 1.0 ALL
NSF 0.85 ALL

167

It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same problem. the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. SELECT MEMBER 3 6 9 19 This command will perform selection of members per the AISC ASD steel design code. In this case.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design.Part I . the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property. . For each member.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 17 KY 1.

25. 13.99 . 3. 30. 47. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0. 19 10 13 .25 . 28. 21. 19. 42. 6.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 16.85 13. 23 8 10 UNIT INCH START USER TABLE TABLE 1 WIDE FLANGE WFL14X30 8. 29. Intl.525 14. . 20.12 7. 4 6 8 . 56. 14. 22 10 11 . 10. 41.605 . 39.86 1240 447 7.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. 22. 7 5 6 .3 20. 15 9 14 .83 0. 10 22. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 4. 9 7. 2 3 7 . 24.5 .6 . 34. 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 31.84 7. 11 FY -35. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 8. 35. 7. 5 3 4 6 4 5 .2 PERFORM ANALYSIS 169 . 23. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 15. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 9. 6 UNI GY -1.27 6. 11 15 35 .38 4. 17.Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 44. 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62 8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30 14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000 ALL DEN 0. 19. 36. 15 20 41 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .0 4. 14 10 41 . .5 2. 12 5. 54. 2.32 .9 . 51.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 49. 53. 9 12 14 10 14 16 .1 WFL21X62 18.489 0 0 LANG40404 4 4 . 3 2 6 .5 1. 14.4 8.0 WFL14X109 32. 12. 46. 32. 40. 0. 33. 11 15 16 . 16 11 14 . 38.5 35. 5. 55. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 .3125 .24 .615 1330 57. 37. 45. 26. 48. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.73 . 18.385 291. 12 13 15 .5 35 . TABLE 2 ANGLES LANG25255 2. 11. 38. 13 25 38 .84 . 27. 8 30 35 . 8 7 12 .795 0 0 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109 2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 .52 16. 43. 2 30 0 . 52. 50. .

3 MB 2 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE . ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 57.32 C 6 ST WFL21X62 9 ST WFL14X30 ST PASS 37. 11 EQN. 58.00 1 0.373 0.NO.H1-1 0.00 (UPT) AISC.H1-3 -35.Application Examples 170 Example Problem 17 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 62.00 0.H1-2 0.201 0.00 .00 (UPT) AISC.NO.00 1 20.852 -54.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 3 TABLE ST WFL14X109 PASS 57.81 T 19 (UPT) AISC.50 0.98 C PASS 3. 59. 10 EQN.0/ 40262.NO.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .68 (UPT) AISC.Part I .57 1 2.85 ALL KY 1.2 MEMB 3 4 SELECT MEMB 3 6 9 19 STAAD. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.0 ALL NSF 0. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.H2-1 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 31 37 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1. 61.86 C LANG25255 PASS 3.845 -190.00 0. 60. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.46 1 5.83 0.

uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.reiusa.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * ************************************************************ 171 .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.Pro. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES. THEN FILE SAVE.com * * Europe support@reel.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. UPDATE PROPERTIES. PRESS RESULTS.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Example Problem 17 63. FROM THE UPPER MENU.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. IN THE POST PROCESSOR. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.

Application Examples 172 Example Problem 17 NOTES .Part I .

3. 9.Example Problem 18 Example Problem No. 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 2. 4. 5. 3 ft 1 2 1 5 3 2 6 3 ft 4 9 13 3 7 5 10 7 8 6 11 8 14 4 12 9 15 16 Z Fixed Supports at Joints 1. 13 Load intensity = 1 pound/in 2 in negative global Y direction X 173 .

CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1. ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first. the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated.Part I . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure). based on which.0 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 1 inch. SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED . STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. JOINT COORDINATES 10004300 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 Joint number followed by X.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4.

The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z. bending moments per unit width and principal stresses. in is applied on all the elements.0 A uniform pressure of 1 pound/sq.Example Problem 18 "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints. shear stresses. The output includes membrane stresses. the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command. 175 . PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory. UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. In the absence of an explicit direction specification. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.

22. 8.00 -12.00 0. 19.41 281.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 5. 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 301. 12.81 -95.00 0.00 0. 17. 6.43 2127.00 0.00 0. 16.0 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1.00 0. 11.50 769.81 -2821.00 0. 21.2 MB 7 96 23. 3.41 281.00 0.00 -9.09 853.00 0.43 -2127.00 0. Intl. 18.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.Part I .33 0.81 95.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .00 0.00 12. 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0.51 -16.00 0.76 70. DISK SPACE = 12. 10.51 -853. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT POUN INCH ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.81 2821.50 -769.14 301.09 0. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 3 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1. 15.33 70. 4. 13.1/ 40262.Application Examples 176 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 14.22 16.00 0. 20.00 0. 7.

39 0.LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.43 605.053947E+02 4 1 6. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.089873E+02 -6.00 36.99 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 85.99 SMAX= -7.com * * Europe support@reel.Pro.43 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.90 605.87 ANGLE= -23.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE. 4 4 CASE NO.089873E+02 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 25.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.94 16.089873E+02 PLATE NO.39 608.net * ************************************************************ 177 .99 SMAX= 608.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.3 ANGLE= -23.co.87 300.3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 6.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.reiusa.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. 1 1 3. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 4 SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 TOP : BOTT: 10.99 SMIN= 7.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.25 TMAX= SMIN= -608.81 0.008685E+02 4 1 6.co.co.Example Problem 18 24.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 300.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.25 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -9.00 608.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.

75 pounds/in 2 τxy = SXY + MXY 36.1667 in 2 (Section Modulus) MX 16.Part I .54 2 . SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S = 0.90 = 0.0 + S 0.81 36.80 pounds/in 2 2 + 218.0 16.43 1/6t 2 = σx = SX + pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch 1/6*1 2 = 0.81 = 0.38 − 514.0 + S 0.1667 = 101.38 pounds/in 2 σy = SY + MY 85.1667 = 514.54 pounds/in 2 TMAX = TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy (101.90 85.Application Examples 178 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.0 + S 0.43 = 0.0 0.0 0.75 ) 4 = 300.1667 = 218.

75) + 300.75) − 300.30 o VONT = 0.27 pounds/in 2 Angle = = ⎧⎪ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ 1 tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩⎪ σ x − σ y ⎭⎪ 1 2 tan −1 ⎧ 2 * 218.75 ⎭ = -23.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (101.87 pounds/in 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 − TMAX (101.38 + 514.80 2 = 7.707 (SMAX − SMIN)2 + (SMAX)2 + (SMIN)2 = 605.54 ⎫ ⎨ ⎬ ⎩ 101.176 psi 179 .38 − 514.38 + 514.80 2 = 608.

Application Examples 180 Example Problem 18 NOTES .Part I .

The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. and we examine those in this example. 181 .Example Problem 19 Example Problem No. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. 19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports.

The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 6 25 0 25.Application Examples 182 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. All properties required for the analysis. If ZD is not provided. etc. Semicolon signs (. 4 30 5 30. UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. 4 5 2. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. 2 10 5 10. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 3 20 5 20. Moments of Inertia. The values are provided in MMS unit. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 3 3 4. 2 2 3. Y and Z coordinates. . STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. 5 6 3. Joint number followed by X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. Area.) are used as line separators. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. such as. 5 5 0 5.Part I .

5. 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point. This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model. At node 5.that keyword is missing. namely. the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3.5. Coincidentally.10). At node 6. This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m. local Y and local Z axes. signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X. 5m. 5. 6. 5m and 20m). For the remaining one . (20m. The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system.node 1 . In order to define the axis system. Hence. notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10. 10m). For 3 of those. 1 and 4. 183 . UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . 6 and 4. The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system. the support at node 1 is a global direction support.Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3. this happens to be node 2. namely. we first have to define a datum point. the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED.

The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis. MY and MZ are all released at these supports. That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3.5.Part I . By defining a KFX spring at that one.0. Notice the unique nature of these datum points.free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5. Once the datum point is established. no moment will be resisted by these supports. The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products. which are (30m.1). the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. the datum point becomes (31m. 5m and 31m). The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X. It takes the coordinates of node 4. Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y).Application Examples 184 Example Problem 19 At node 4. Thus. the program sets the datum point to be the following. Since MX. or the traffic direction. suggesting that it is an expansion joint . In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point.5m.31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member.30m) and adds to them. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X. Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially. and is hence along the axis of member 4. the local axis system is defined as follows. we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine. . The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5. the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1.

2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK 3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are specified. Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the global axis system. the STAAD run is terminated. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT JOINT DISP FINISH Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the members. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION By default. The above command is an instruction for such a report. Following this. 185 . It tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined axis system instead of the global axis system. SET INCLINED REACTION PRINT SUPPORT REACTION Just earlier. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus total reactions from the supports for each primary load case. What if we need them in the inclined axis system? The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose.0 2 1. we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global axis system.Example Problem 19 LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. This has to be followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command. support reactions are printed in the global axis directions.

3 20 5 20. Intl.Part I . 10. 7.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 10439.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 20 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 27.0/ 40262. 2. 16.00 -696. 11.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -10439. 4 5 2.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1. 25. 20. 2 10 5 10. 6 25 0 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. DEAD LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0. 5 6 3 UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INC REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INC REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INC 1 0 1FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0. 28.93 4 27 1 . 22. 5 5 0 5. 3 3 4. 29. 21. 5. 2 2 3.93 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.2 MB STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.93 MY= 0. 4 30 5 30. 3. 9.93 MY= 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. 18.00 696. 6. 26.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -10439.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 19 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 13. DISK SPACE = 12.0 2 1. 23. 4.00 MZ= 1 ) 1 ) 10439. 19. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. 15. 24. 14. 12. 8.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 17.

56 0.00 0.Example Problem 19 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -7.00 -254.00 0. LIVE LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.45 301.97411E-01 5 Y = -9.00 0.00 0.27 -4.00 254.20 -85.00 0.36 86.21 32.00 0.33 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.00 0.42 0.81 -212.38 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.18888E-03 4 2 2 ) 3818.00 0.49498E+00 3 Z = -7.99237E-01 5 RX= -2.20 -85.00 0.97411E-01 5 RX= -1.05 60.00 288.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -1.00 0.39 -3.00 0.18888E-03 4 RY= -3.00 0.00 0.81 -212.91 60.56 0.19 -297.64127E-16 4 RZ= 1.00 0.36 86.77 383.15 -1.99237E-01 5 Y = -2. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 5 6 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 215.00 0.39 -3.66161E-03 4 RY= -9.86155E-16 4 RZ= 2.00 0.19 -297.27 -4.00 0.00 0.22 215.00 0.00 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 2 ) -3818.37 286.00 0.00 0.38 MY= 0.89 93.38 MY= 0.00 0.00 0.60 94.00 0.66161E-03 4 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -2.00 0.38 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 30.84 93.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 3818. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION 187 .00 0.42 0.00 0.06 380.45 301.84 94.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -3818. SET INCLINED REACTION 32.00 0.31566E-01 3 Z = -2.

PRINT JOINT DISP .00 0.61 6 3 6 3 6 3 410.00 0.37 76.64 152.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.79 66.90 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.24 154.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 59.27 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 60.47 -120.69 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 68.19 32.79 -6.00 0.84 52.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 141.74 0.00 0.10 120.46 -1.00 0.41 3 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 METE LOAD 2 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 34.00 0.25 60.00 0.77 0.00 0.00 0.46 4.31 -3.00 0.89 141.00 0.79 74.00 5 2 5 2 5 2 415.00 0.00 0.75 0.00 62.00 0.73 32.25 -7.79 -6.10 -300.00 0.60 60.21 32.05 141.79 1.47 420.00 0.67 -152.00 0.55 116.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.61 60.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 -186.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -4.00 0.00 0.54 569.32 2 3 2 3 2 3 300.94 39.00 0.00 0.55 7.00 0.67 563.00 0.00 341.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 59.95 -114.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 89.00 0.22 0.00 0.00 125.00 -208.15 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.22 0.19 60.00 0.Application Examples 188 Example Problem 19 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 415.00 0.79 0.10 118.27 -4.89 93.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 -344.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 -72.00 0.00 0.94 7.00 0.00 0.00 89.00 0.83 -498.00 0.00 0.00 -135.00 0.25 60.00 0.00 0.01 93.00 0.00 0.30 -344.Part I .30 154.58 152.00 207.75 42.00 82.25 68.31 -492.81 40.83 410.00 5 6 1 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 33.00 0.49 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00 0.57 75.00 0.00 92.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 51.00 0.00 0.33 32.58 93.00 0.00 0.00 155.00 0.84 93.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 -420.00 0.15 42.00 134.30 0.60 33.54 -154.00 0.00 0.58 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 202.00 0.54 569.00 0.67 563.00 0.25 6.00 0.00 58.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 6.15 -1.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.64 -339.00 0.79 66.00 0.64 0.96 32.

de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0509 -0.2938 1.0011 0.7992 -0.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.4510 -0.0000 0.0011 -0.0000 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.0000 0.0007 0.0023 -0.4265 0.0000 0.0007 0.0000 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0008 0.0012 0.0000 0.2938 -1.0146 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0012 -0.0023 0.0363 -0.0038 -0.0509 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.0000 -2.0031 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0841 X-ROTAN 0.7903 0.0000 0.0008 -0.0038 0.0024 0.co.0026 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0000 0.0966 0.0000 0.0146 -0.9316 -3.0005 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.0841 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.0000 0.0012 -0.7992 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.9139 -3.0024 -0.0000 0.0000 0.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.3649 -2.0509 -0.0031 0.0000 0.2938 1.0005 0.0003 -0.0000 0.7903 0.0841 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.0012 0.0000 0.0000 0.0011 0.Example Problem 19 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD X-TRANS 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.reiusa.4950 -0.co.0007 -0.7992 -0.0509 -0.0039 0.0003 0.0000 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * ************************************************************ 189 .0000 0.0027 0.0146 -0.0363 -0.0363 -0.0363 -0.0027 -0.7903 -0.Pro.co.0000 0.0000 0.0007 0.0003 0.0011 -0.0000 -0.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.0032 Y-ROTAN 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.0966 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0039 -0.0146 -0.0008 -0.0032 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 35.0966 0.0008 -0.2974 -1.0026 -0.0000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.2974 -1.0000 0.2974 -1.0007 -0.0003 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.0007 -0.

Part I .Application Examples 190 Example Problem 19 NOTES .

20 This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. The tank lies on its side in this example. 3 2 11 2 3 4 10 10 19 11 12 18 1 1 20 9 4 9 12 5 17 8 13 6 16 8 21 5 16 13 7 7 14 6 24 15 15 22 14 23 191 .Example Problem 20 Example Problem No.

5 feet for each REPEAT. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified. theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft. the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 8.Application Examples 192 Example Problem 20 In this example. REPEAT 2 0 0 8. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system.theta.Part I . JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 . The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis. Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8. Joint 8 has an 'r' of 10 feet. a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements. The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis. theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft. Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system. 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 10 feet. Hence. the output is in the cartesian coordinate system. PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system.5 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice.z).

Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1. Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9. FINISH 193 . namely elements 1 to 8. PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory. The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines. incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7.

000 0. 9.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.000 7.000 -7.071 0.071 -10.071 0.071 0.500 8.000 17.071 10.071 -10.000 7. 6.000 7. 5.000 0.000 8.071 0.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.000 -7.000 -7.000 0.000 17.071 0.Application Examples 194 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Part I .000 17.000 7.071 -10.000 17.000 0. 3.000 7.000 0.000 7.071 0.071 10.071 -10.000 7.071 0.000 0. 8.500 8.000 -7.5 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE FEET UNIT JOINT X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 10.000 -7.500 8. 4.000 7.071 0.000 -7.000 -7.071 10.071 0.500 17. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.071 0.000 17.000 17.071 0.500 8.500 8.000 7.000 17. Intl.500 8.000 -7. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 8.500 8.000 -7.000 7.071 -10.000 7.071 0.000 0.071 10.000 -7. 2.071 -10.071 0.000 -7.000 7. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 . 10.071 10.000 -7.

00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.000 0.0562 65.0562 65.000 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.000 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0.0562 65.000 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.000 0.0562 65.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.000 0.0562 65.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.000 0.000 0.Example Problem 20 11.00 0.0562 65.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.0562 195 . PRINT ELEMENT INFO ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ AREA 65.co.0562 65.00 0.000 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.000 POISS 0.0562 65.00 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0.000 0.co.co.0562 65.00 0.00 0.000 0.0562 65.00 0.000 0.000 0.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.000 E G 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.0562 65.000 0.000 0.000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.Pro.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0562 65.000 0.000 0.0562 65.00 0.000 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 THICK (FEET) 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.reiusa.00 0.00 0.

Application Examples 196 Example Problem 20 NOTES .Part I .

W12X26 4 W12X26 9 4 W12X26 W12X26 W12X26 3 3 8 2 2 W12X26 5 W12X26 7 5 W12X26 1 W12X26 W12X26 10 6 1 6 197 .Example Problem 21 Example Problem No. 21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.

UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are defined above. 5 15 10 . the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time.Part I . with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.9 3 5. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 4 15 20 .7 2 6. This structure is a PLANE frame. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only. it is necessary to have 2 commands. Also. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.8 2 4. 6 15 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. Consequently. 3 0 20 . 2 0 10 .10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined. To accommodate these requirements. . This is because. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5.

UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 All members have been assigned a WIDE FLANGE section from the built in American table. SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED The supports are defined above.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. Hence for each load case. if during the analysis. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure.Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified. 199 . LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of these values. We do not require DENSITY since selfweight is not one of the load cases considered.

0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.Application Examples 200 Example Problem 21 PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 Load case 2 is described above. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. these members cannot be accessed for any further operations. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 .0 2 1.Part I . any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. Without re-activation. Next.

CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing. 201 . only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing.Example Problem 21 acting simultaneously. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. In other words. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated. At the end of any analysis. are recognized as the "active" load cases.

10. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 8 2 4 .0 2 1. 3 0 20 . 12. EXMEM = 568. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 23. 2. 7. DISK SPACE = 12.8 MB. 4 FX -10 31. 2 0 10 . PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 9 3 5 . 7 2 6 .0 39. 21.Application Examples 202 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 19. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. JOINT LOAD 30. 3. 4 15 20 .0/ 3142. 17. 20. 2 iterations. Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after . 22. 14. 18.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 5 FX -15 32. 9. Intl.2 MB **START ITERATION NO. 6. MEMBER TENSION 35. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 33. 4. 15. LOAD 3 37. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 25. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 13.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 11. Case= 2 2 iterations. LOAD 2 29. CHANGE 34. 5 15 10 . CHANGE 26. 8. 1 1. 6 TO 9 28. 5. 16. REPEAT LOAD 38. 6 TO 9 36. 1 2 iterations.Part I . 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 24. MEMBER TENSION 27.

00 0.00062 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.05 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 INCH Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 5.24 0.00 0.00000 0.24 -0.00 0.09 0.24 0.59 -4.00373 0.00 0.00000 0.80 -9.33 23.00000 0.05 -0.00 0.00000 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 31.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.24 0.00000 0.09724 -0.00 0.00 0.39 4.00002 -0.00 25.00605 0.00 0.00000 0.90 6.06285 -0.75 -25.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.33 -23.00001 -0.49 -0.00 0.00387 -0.00 0.09 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.07 1.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.20 0.00000 0.00 0.00408 0.00000 0.00018 0.00030 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.04313 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00408 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.33 0.00 6. CHANGE 41.00000 0.00387 0.00028 0.00030 0.59 25.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.39 3 4 3 4 3 4 9.05 -0.75 -18.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00002 -0.09724 -0.24 0.24 0.39 4 5 4 5 4 5 6.33 0.00000 0.00 0.00 23.00 0.00028 -0.00029 0.00000 0.00000 0.06285 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.04313 0.43 -25.00000 0.20 0.00000 0.43 -0.00000 0.00000 0.24 0.00 0.00018 -0.00 0.39 -1.00 0.00 0.00000 0.46 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.67 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 203 .00 0.43 -0.33 -23.00373 -0.00 -10.05 -0.00605 0.00 0.26 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.01262 0.00000 0.00 0.05 -23.09 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.49 -6.00 0.81 0.00 0.Example Problem 21 40.08929 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 6.00 0.01262 0.00000 0.59 18.00 0.00029 0.43 -25.01613 0.00 0.91 0.00 0.59 25.00000 0.20 -0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.00062 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00001 -0.00 0.49 0.66 0.00 0.00000 -0.80 10.00 0.26 -0.91 0.00039 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.43 0.00000 -0.00 0.00000 0.01613 0.09 24.00 0.00 0.00007 -0.07 18.08929 0.05 0.67 -1.43 -6.00 0.00000 -0.80 -9.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.49 -6.05 -10. LOAD LIST ALL 42.00 0.43 1.00000 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00000 0.00 0.90 23.00007 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -24.80 9.00 0.00 0.20 -0.00 0.00000 0.00039 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.43 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 -18.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.

79 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 29.Application Examples 204 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -23.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.62 29.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.90 -0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 24.00 -5.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.00 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 11.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -29.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.90 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -14.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -31.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.09 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.reiusa.00 0.00 0.26 11.81 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.73 -0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 37.00 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.56 36.co.00 0.31 14.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.net * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.33 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -24.41 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 -36.00 0.62 0.09 -0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.41 -0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 24.31 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 205 .

Application Examples 206 Example Problem 21 NOTES .Part I .

Time History analysis is performed on this model. 207 . The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example.Example Problem 22 Example Problem No. 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading.

5 20 15 .) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 8 15 20 7. 8 8 9 . UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 Members 1 to 12 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values of 12 inches. . 10 10 11 . 5 5 6 . Y and Z coordinates are specified above. 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. Y and Z axes.5 9 15 20 15 . 12 12 5 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to. 9 9 10 . 10 7.5 The joint number followed by the X. 4 4 11 . 3 15 0 15 . 3 3 9 . The UNIT command is specified to change the units for input from FEET to INCHes. 11 11 12 . 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 .5 20 0 . 2 15 0 0 . Semicolon characters (. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.Part I . 6 7. UNIT KIP FEET The units for the data that follows are specified above. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 7 15 20 0 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 2 2 7 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 .

Here. density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E). Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided.0 DAMPING 0. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function. CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0. Built-in default value for concrete is used for the Poisson’s Ratio.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. only one data set is defined. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion. which describes the variation of force with time. a sinusoidal function. an ACCELERATION may be specified.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported.2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. is provided. The first stage is defined above. In this file. 209 . DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.

and number of CYCLES of application are then defined.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command. The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure. STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (See section 5. Following that. such as FREQUENCY.Part I .075.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information).0 The above data describe a static load case.31.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1. The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads. AMPLITUDE.0 8 12 FY 4. A uniformly distributed load of 1.0 8 12 FZ 4. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. . The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number.0 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members. LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1.

The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. 211 .Example Problem 22 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory.

0 DAMPING 0. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 6. 3 3 9 . 36. 12 12 5 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0. 8 15 20 7. 25. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 60 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 5. 18. 40. 16.8 MB. DISK SPACE = 12. 15. 33.5 20 15 .0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 22. 4. 13. 32. 12. 34.0 8 12 FY 4. 3. 41.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 . 10. 21. 24. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 7. 31. 35.0/ 3142. 5 5 6 . 11. 14. 11 11 12 . 2 2 7 . 8.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6. 6 7. 9. 4 4 11 .0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 20. 29. 26. 38.0 8 12 FZ 4. 10 7.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 12/ 12/ 4 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 7/ 4/ 24 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 27. 9 9 10 . 10 10 11 . 3 15 0 15 .Part I . 37. EXMEM = 568. 30. 28.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 6 24 6 . 7 15 20 0 .0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4.5 20 0 .Application Examples 212 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. Intl. 23. 39. 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. 17. 8 8 9 .5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 .0 LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1.5 9 15 20 15 . 2 15 0 0 . 2. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 42. 19.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1.

998 99.01168 0.000 0.096 85.Example Problem 22 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.00729 0.01175 0.221 137.000 0. These are for information only and will not be used.00100.00 0.866 31.00 0.670 0.189E-15 1.00 0.00 0.606 137.000 100.00 0.574E-13 3.03161 0.03240 0.451 7.027 195.086E-11 1.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.04016 0.00 46.364E-09 2.000 46.219 137.530E-15 5.000 100.00 0.450E-16 4.00 0.606 18.874E-11 1.000 100.900 26. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99.242E-14 1.804E-16 1.82 0.998 99.228744E-01 0.08569 ACCURACY 4.000 0.011 85.292 85.915E-12 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 X Y Z 100.01186 0.00 0.00512 ACCURACY 1.998 99.105E-15 5.09031 0.01176 0.998 99.486E-14 6. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 PERIOD(SEC) 12.07932 0.03720 0.68908 0.00729 0.00513 0.881 30.039E-16 1.00728 0.215 0.821 0.204 1.13229 0.208E-16 1.00 0. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.00 0.222E-15 2.000 100.000000E+00 0.559 11.073 11.00 0.00 0.213E-15 1.633 84.499 24.000 100.000000 Z= -1.83191 0.351 138.00 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.05406 0.194444 Y= 0.982E-16 6.184E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.709E-15 2.136868E-13 1. To use these frequencies.020E-15 1.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= INCH -2.665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.202 1.260 195.83057 0.00 0.998 99.000 0.998 0.879E-16 1.130556 213 .336E-13 3.00723 0.

06537 0.00 0.06 -0.15 180.00000 0.00000 0.06 -5.00008 -0.01045 -0.00000 0.95 5.84 0.00000 0.95 -0.56841 -0.00000 0.02103 0.00 0.01 0.06536 -0.00 -0.95 -0.00000 0.01045 -0.15 0.00000 0.00 0.02103 0.00000 0.00 -5.00 0.15 5.00008 -1.00000 0.00008 -1.00000 0.00 5.95 -5.15 -0.00 0.00000 0.00037 -0.00008 0.00037 -0.00 -1428.00008 0.06 -5.00004 0.06 -0.00000 0.10 0.00000 0.00 0.00008 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 5.00000 0.00 0.15 0.02103 -0.00000 0.15 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 1428.00 -0.06536 0.01 0.00 0.00000 0.95 -5.00 0.00000 -0.00008 0.00 0.Part I .15 5.00118 0.00008 -1.37 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.95 -5.95 0.00 0.00000 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.02103 0.00 1428.15 -5.00 0.00 0.00 13.00000 0.00000 0.10 2621.02103 0.95 0.00 0.00 -180.00 0.95 5.00000 -0.00 0.37 3 9 3 9 180.00 0.00000 0.01045 0.00000 -0.01045 0.00 0.01045 -0.06 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.95 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 .00000 0.00 -180.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.00 -0.06 -5.10 0.09524 -0.00000 0.00 0.15 5.00 0.95 5.00000 0.00000 -0.00 0.02103 -0.00 -0.00 0.00000 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 180.00000 0.00118 0.95 -0.00000 -0.00 0.00118 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00000 0.10 0.15 0.00 1428.09524 0.00 13.00008 0.90 -13.00000 0.56841 0.00 -5.06 5.00000 0.56841 0.00 -1428.06587 0.06537 -0.00 0.10 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.09524 -0.00 0.09524 0.10 0.00118 0.95 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 -1428.06 180.00 0.00118 0.06587 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.06 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.02103 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 13.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00118 0.10 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00004 -0.00 -0.00 0.00118 0.00000 0.00008 -1.06 5.00037 0.00000 0.00000 0.00118 0.95 0.37 5 6 5 6 5.00008 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.01 90.95 0.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.01045 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00008 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1428.95 -5.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 22 43.06536 0.00 -180.95 -0.00000 0.00000 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 -0.95 0.00000 0.15 180.02103 0.00000 0.06 5.00 0.37 4 11 4 11 180.00 0.00037 -0.02103 -0.01045 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.02103 -0.00000 0.00 0.00118 0.06536 0.00118 0.00 0.02103 0.10 0.95 0.00000 -0.00118 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.95 0.00 0.95 -0.00118 0.56841 0.00 1428.00 0.95 -5.95 0.00000 0.95 5.01 0.00 0.00 -180.37 2 7 2 7 180.00 1428.00 0.00 0.01045 0.15 180.95 0.06 -5.10 0.00 0.02103 -0.00000 0.00000 -0.00 0.15 -5.

90 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 -2621.01 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.41 1428.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.01 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.02 0.00 0.co.00 0.95 -0.00 0.00 0.95 -5.00 0.01 -0.00 9 10 9 10 5.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.95 -5.00 0.00 -0.41 0.01 0.00 1428.00 -13.02 -0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.90 0.00 0.00 0.95 -5.00 0.00 1.00 90.01 -0.95 0.95 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.01 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 90.90 -1428.00 0.95 0.01 -0.15 0.00 0.00 12 5 12 5 5.95 -5.00 -1.90 -1428.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.01 0.00 0.37 0.10 0.84 -2621.00 0.00 0.84 0.net * ************************************************************ 215 .00 0.01 0.00 90.10 2621.15 0.10 2621.com * * Europe support@reel.90 -1428.01 0.95 0.95 -5.10 0.01 90.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 90.95 -5.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.95 0.00 0.41 1428.02 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.02 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 5.41 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.15 0.00 0.co. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.02 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.01 0.84 -1.95 -0.02 0.00 -0.reiusa.co.01 -0.00 0.10 2621.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 10 11 10 11 5.84 -2621.37 11 12 11 12 5.00 0.95 -5.00 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 44.84 -2621.00 0.00 0.37 7 8 7 8 5.00 13.00 0.10 0.15 0.00 0.90 -1428.00 0.15 -0.00 0.84 1.00 0.00 0.00 8 9 8 9 5.01 90.00 0.00 0.10 0.01 0.Pro.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.90 13.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.01 90.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.15 -0.01 0.

Application Examples 216 Example Problem 22 NOTES .Part I .

The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to utilize the built-in generation facility to generate spring supports for a slab on grade. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. 217 .Example Problem 23 Example Problem No.

0 0.5 6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. 3 times. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.333 5 0. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate .0 20. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.0 2 0.Part I .5 0.0 0.5 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8. Y and Z axes.0 0. UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 12.167 4 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.0 REPEAT 3 8.5 feet.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 0.0 36.0 0.0 0.0 40.0 6.0 28.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 7 0.0 0. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 3 0.0 0.0 0. the joint number followed by the X.

12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support springs which were generated using the earlier commands.0 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction.5 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 5. SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 10. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.5 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES.ft.55 219 . These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000. ALL POISSON 0. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 10 kip/cu. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command.

3 125 FY -546. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.7 6 FY -617.4 22 23 FY -410. identified with load case number 101. 8 9 FY -109. A load combination case. .4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1.0 and then algebraically add the results. 29 30 FY -205.5 47 54 82 FY -264.0 124 FY -273. 2 1. 26 FY -542.0 103 FY -487. A pressure load of 1.7 27 FY -1085.0 99 100 FY -410.3 92 93 FY -205. is specified above.Part I .Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 The above data describe a static load case.0 120 121 FY -217.0 113 114 FY -109.ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements.6 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.0 104 FY -974.55 kip/sq.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528. 5 FY -308.

Example Problem 23 LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56. for load case 101. 221 . is obtained with the help of the above commands. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. and element stresses for elements 34 and 67.

18.5 7 0.0 0. 24.0 1 0.0 6. 14.0 0.0 1 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 294.0 0.0 0 0.0 28.0 3 0. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KIP FEET DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX FORCE-Y/ KFY FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.333 5 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0. 21.0 0 1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0 0.Part I . 2.0 13 1 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 6. 5. 9.0 0.0 12 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 20.0 1 0 0.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6 1 7 1 0.0 0.0 0 265.0 PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED.1 0 170.5 6 0.5 UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000. 7.0 2 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 19.0 10 1 11 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 3.0 0 251.5 0 332.0 1 0.0 1 0 0. 8.0 1 0. ALL POISSON 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 665.0 0.0 0.0 0 502. 17.8 0 587.2 0.0 0. 16.0 0.0 1 0.0 8 1 9 1 0.0 0. 4.0 1 0.0 40.0 0 0.0 5 1 0. 10. 26.12 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 10.0 . 22.167 4 0.0 12.6 0 138. 11.0 0.0 0.0 36. 15.0 0 0.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5.0 0.0 1 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0. 20.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.Application Examples 222 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 1 0 0.8 0 665. Intl.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0.0 3 1 4 1 0.0 2 1 0.9 0 531. 25.0 85.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0. 6. 27.0 0 0.9 0 332.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 13. 28.0 1 0. 12.0 1 0 0.0 0. 23.

0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 49 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.8 0 587.0 0 0.1 0 160.2 0 170.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.2 0 165.0 1 0 0.2 0 437.0 0 414.0 0 140.6 0 515.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 276.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 39 1 40 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.2 0 548.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 0.0 34 1 0.0 29 1 0.0 0 0.0 35 1 36 1 0.7 0 553.0 0 1 0.0 23 1 24 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 223 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.9 0 531.0 37 1 38 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.3 0 646.0 1 0.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 18 1 19 1 0.0 30 1 31 1 0.0 1 0.7 0 553.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 488.0 1 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 48 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 46 1 47 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.3 0 570.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.3 0 548.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 41 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20 1 21 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.3 0 500.0 22 1 0.5 0 227.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 160.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 502.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.7 0 626.0 1 0 0.7 0 626.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 260.0 0 0.3 0 626.0 1 0.0 0.0 32 1 33 1 0.3 0 626.0 0 0.0 0.6 0 268.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 473.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 473.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 0.9 0 665.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.1 0 646.0 42 1 43 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 17 1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0 500.0 0.0 0.2 0 276.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 27 1 28 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 260.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.8 0 665.0 0.0 0.3 0 484.

0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0 160.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 195.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 73 1 74 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 415.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 120.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 54 1 55 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.3 0 548.0 0 415.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.5 0 227.0 0 470.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 120.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 470.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 84 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 195.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 120.0 0.0 0.0 0 355.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.Part I .0 0.0 0 355.Application Examples 224 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 50 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 355.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 375.0 0 195.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 53 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 414.0 0 375.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 415.0 66 1 67 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 .0 0 470.0 58 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 63 1 64 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.2 0 437.0 85 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 375.0 1 0.0 59 1 60 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 0 1 0.0 0 355.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 140.0 68 1 69 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 71 1 72 1 0.0 78 1 79 1 0.0 61 1 62 1 0.0 0 375.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 195.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 120.0 1 0.0 56 1 57 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 75 1 76 1 0.0 70 1 0.0 0 470.0 1 0.0 77 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 82 1 83 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 470.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.2 0 548.0 0 1 0.3 0 484.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 470.0 0 415.0 1 0 0.0 80 1 81 1 0.0 51 1 52 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 65 1 0.

0 0 0.1 0 646.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 473.0 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 665.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 165.0 0 251.0 95 1 96 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 160.0 109 1 110 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 104 1 105 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.3 0 646.0 87 1 88 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.3 0 570.0 1 0.0 101 1 0.7 0 553.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 118 1 119 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 225 .5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.2 0 276.0 0.0 1 0.3 0 626.0 0 1 0.0 89 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.7 0 553.2 0 170.0 0.8 0 587.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.2 0 85.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.3 0 626.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.6 0 268.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 260.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.7 0 626.0 0.9 0 531.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 473.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 86 1 0.0 0.3 0 500.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 120 1 0.0 106 1 0.0 99 1 100 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 90 1 91 1 0.0 92 1 93 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 113 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.9 0 531.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.7 0 626.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 502.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 260.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 94 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.9 0 665.0 1 0 0.3 0 500.0 0 1 0.0 0 488.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.8 0 587.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.6 0 515.0 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 116 1 117 1 0.0 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 121 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.1 0 170.0 1 0.0 0.2 0 276.0 0 0.0 111 1 112 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.8 0 665.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 502.0 0.8 0 665.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.

0 124 FY -273.07125 Y-ROTAN 0. 55.0 0.0 126 1 0.0 0. 38.0 0 1 0. 53. LOAD LIST 101 57. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 33 56 LOAD 101 101 X-TRANS 0.5 47 54 82 FY -264.0 99 100 FY -410. 45. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 33.3 MB 56.00000 0.00000 Y-TRANS -4. 26 FY -542.0 1 1 0.9 0 294.0 1 0 0.00000 X-ROTAN -0. 8 9 FY -109. 47.0 120 121 FY -217. 35.0 1 0.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. 2 1. 54.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 58. DISK SPACE = 13.0 103 FY -487.00000 0. 50.1 0.00000 0.Part I .7 6 FY -617.0 123 1 124 1 0.4 22 23 FY -410.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.0 104 FY -974.Application Examples 226 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 122 1 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0. 48.0 0.0 1 0. 39.0 0 0.06208 0.0 0.0 0.6 LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 5 FY -308.0 0 0.62691 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0. 52.0 0. 30. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.55 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Z-ROTAN 0. 41.0 1 0. 49.0 0. 37.0 125 1 0.3 92 93 FY -205. 34.0 0 0.0 0 0. 36.73107 -5.3 125 FY -546. 46.7 27 FY -1085. 43.0 0 0.0/ 40261.0 0 0.03221 0.0 113 114 FY -109.9 0 332.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0 332.6 0 138. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 51.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29. 31.0 1 0. 42. 32. 40. 29 30 FY -205.03192 .0 0 265. 44.

jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.247029E+03 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 59.72 0.782190E+02 -9.51 623.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 616.co.782190E+02 PLATE NO. 67 67 CASE NO.00 10.57 TMAX= SMIN= -386.48 ANGLE= -39.5 41.com * * Europe support@reel.Example Problem 23 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.38 SMAX= 230. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.9 ANGLE= -39.96 SMIN= -230.69 15. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -6.Pro.28 0.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.22 539.95 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.81 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -8.co.03 SMAX= 978.63 0.00 623.75 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.48 308. 101 101 6.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.72 1247. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.22 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 4.51 21.235143E+02 67 101 1.63 0.57 101 TOP : BOTT: 71.22 SMAX= 268.co.67 0.38 TMAX= 7.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.9 9.00 1247.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.5 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 9.00 308.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.reiusa.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * ************************************************************ 227 .81 TMAX= SMIN= -978.96 SMAX= 386.09 1136.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.83 539.95 616.92 1136.136717E+03 67 101 1.03 SMIN= -268.

Application Examples 228 Example Problem 23 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 24 Example Problem No. 24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. 229 . This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure.

0 3.0 28 1.0 3. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.0 0.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 0.0 0. increments of 1 to the .0 4 0.0 3.0 0.0 52 2.0 3.0 8 1.0 0.0 49 2.0 3. Y and Z axes. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities.0 2.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 1.0 48 1.0 9 2.0 3.0 45 1.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.0 0.0 12 2.0 The joint number followed by the X. For example.0 21 0.0 0.0 2.0 25 1.Part I .0 24 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 1.0 1. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes.0 2.0 29 2.0 32 2. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 2.0 3.0 44 0.0 0.0 0.0 5 1. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above.0 1.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 41 0. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.0 0.0 2. Then.0 1. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 1.0 0.

the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5. 11 and 12 are generated. incidences of elements 4. PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain.5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above.0 The above data describe a static load case. It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).25 ALL DENSITY 7. Poisson's Ratio.Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3. SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model. 6. in a tabular form. 8. Similarly. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.0 231 .0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3). and Density are specified. 9.1E7 ALL POIS 0. CONSTANTS E 2. both in the negative global Y direction. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.

32. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9.0 4 1. LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0.0 In Load case 4. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 . UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.2 of the STAAD. 6.Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction.Part I .0 2 1. and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5.ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3.0 3 1. 9 and 12.3.Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual. The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero.

reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case. which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report.Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1.0 Load case 10 is a combination load case. the program merely calculates the end results (displacements. In a REPEAT LOAD case.0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. 233 . not load combination cases. and then algebraically summing them up.0 2 1.0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX . forces. should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS. changes in support conditions etc. factoring them. But in solving load combination cases.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. In other words.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5. there is a fundamental difference.

The results will be printed for all the load cases. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command. UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6.Part I . . UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements.

LOAD 5 52.0 29 2. 9 ENFORCED 31. 10. 9 FX . LOAD 2 37.0 2. LOAD 3 41.1E7 ALL POIS 0. 3. 23. REPEAT LOAD DENSITY 7. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 42.0 1. 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 29.1000002E+07 0. 15.0 3.0 5 1.0 8 1.0 0.0000E+00 235 .0000000E+00 4 2.0 28 1.0 32 2. 16.1000002E+07 0. 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 40.0011 44. 6.0 0. 20.0 3.5000E+00 7.0 1. 9.0 3. 7.0 44 0.0 0.0 3. 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.0 12 2. JOINT LOADS 38.0000E+00 0.0 49. 2. 8.0 0.Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.1000002E+07 0.0 49 2.5000E+00 7.5000E+00 7.0 1. 5. 21. SELF Y -1.0 25 1.0 2.0000E+00 0.0 0.0000000E+00 2 2.0 3. 25. ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 47.0 48 1.5000E+00 7.0000000E+00 27. SUPPORTS 28.0 1.0000E+00 0.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 2 3 4 22 23 NODE-5 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 CONSTANTS E 2.0 2.0 0.0 0.25 ALL DENSITY 7.0 2.0 33. Intl.0 0. 22. 4. LOAD 4 46.0 3.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. UNIT POUND FEET 45.1000002E+07 0. 11.5000E+00 ALPHA 0. 12.0 0.0 0.0000000E+00 3 2. -------------------ALL UNITS ARE .1000002E+07 0.0 1.0 0.0 45 1.0000E+00 0.0 52 2. JOINT LOAD 34. 28 FY -1000. LOAD 1 32.0 4 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 1.0 0. 17. 18.0 0. 14.0 36.0 41 0.0 3.0 2. UNIT KNS MMS 51.0 9 2.0000000E+00 5 2.0 24 0.0 21 0.0 3.KNS MET ELEMENT YOUNGS'S MODULUS MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 1 2.0 2.0 0.0 3.

23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.Part I .00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999.00000E+00 RZ= 0.99 MY= 0.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN. DISK SPACE = 12.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999.99 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 1 1.Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model.NO.0 2 1. 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes.00 = -1090. 55. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900.Application Examples 236 Example Problem 24 53.NO.4 MB.00 MY= 899999.01204E-02 Z = 1.1/ 3142. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.98 MY= 0.49033E-04 10 1 2 ) 1799999.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.00 = 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.0 2 1.96 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2.2 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.NO.0 4 1.00000E+00 1 ) 1089999. 56.83934E-03 4 Z = 9.93 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0.0 3 1.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STAT CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 17/ 17/ 48 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5.01 MY= -899999. EXMEM = 568.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090.12983E-03 RX= 0.00 0. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999.12983E-03 Y = -1.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.92 2) 2 . 58.00000E+00 RY= 0. Note . 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.97 MZ= 2 ) -1799999.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -0.

00 = -1185.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 95.00000E+00 RZ= 0.76 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.35288E-04 Z = -3.76 0.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.20 MZ= -0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.04 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00 -95.17652E-05 Y = -3.97 MZ= 5 ) -2985760.00 MY= 0.17652E-05 RX= 0.43 MY= -899999.00 0.00 0.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.85 MZ= 4 4 ) MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.61372E-02 24 RX= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.30 5 237 .00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.Example Problem 24 RX= RY= RZ= 0.76 = 0.52 MY= 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -95760.00000E+00 RY= 0.00 0.03 MY= -0.52 4 ) 95760.00000E+00 0 0.00000E+00 3 5 ) 2985760.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.50 MY= 899999.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760.52 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 4) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00000E+00 0 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.52 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.00000E+00 0 0.

00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.05 -72.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 -62.0000 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 62.97 -315.00 0.00 0.42 743.0000 0.00 0.94 -56.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 -187.00 384.00 0.85 -159.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.52 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.13 -31.26 -128.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.30 -16.00 0.00 0.0081 -0.00 0.00 -1097.05 -72.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 .05 -42.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.99 6.00 0.00 0.70 0.52 -184.32 -62.00 0.24 -202.0000 0.0000 0.00 16.00 0.00 0.13 146.97 902.00 0.00 0.37 -232.85 -170.00 0.0000 0.00 0.78 -56.00 0.00 0.52 0.0000 0.00 0.34 51.37 -232.68 135.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 -138.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.18 -159.05 42.00 0.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.00 0.00 0.27 -2.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.80 0.13 0.25 -450.27 390.66 -158.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.25 431.00 0.0000 0.97 629.85 -0.00 -2057.97 -595.1100 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 -158.00 0.00 -187.0393 0.0000 0.00 0.24 -89.00 0.00 0.67 -30.0009 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.32 -1641.0000 0.00 0.79 -138.36 11.00 0.00 0.19 74.00 0.98 -263.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.63 -425.0000 0.0049 -0.34 807.0000 0.00 0.0200 0.67 -273.00 0.87 21.0193 0.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.63 -181.00 0.00 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.0000 0.0000 0.07 0.0000 0.0000 0.19 0.12 1.0000 0.00 0.0010 0.20 11.48 11.00 0.25 11.52 -94.0000 0.18 -119.00 0.00 0.0000 0.52 -143.0000 0.00 -1703.79 -2.00 0.00 0.0000 0.20 6.24 261.76 566.32 31.52 9.00 -31.Part I .0000 0.00 0.84 -292.18 -202.00 384.0000 0.98 -459.46 -26.92 -334.05 -228.00 0.00 0.03 135.00 0.00 0.30 135.17 2.00 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.00 0.0000 0.24 -1.00 0.0009 0.00 0.59 74.0000 0.52 -256. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 21 25 29 41 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 63.00 0.0000 0.26 0.98 185.58 251.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0089 0.0000 0.0000 0.0200 0.51 524.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0003 -0.Application Examples 238 Example Problem 24 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.12 16.00 -1919.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00000E+00 0 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 60.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0008 0.85 1.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.1100 0.00 0.00 -1097.0062 -0.27 1.00 0.00 0.63 26.67 -31.0001 -0.70 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.90 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 0.

015 0.38 6.313 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.004 -0.332 0.707 0.046 -0.051 S3= -0.002 -0.661 0.00 0.00 -62.003 0.525 0.08 MOM-X 0.098 -0.84 61.951 0.00 0.088 -0.00 0.255 0.132 0.005 0.05 -45.003 -0.029 -0.101 S3= 0.006 -0.597 0.976 0.83 -1.005 -0.00 0.24 1.001 0.00 0.00 0.040 -0.008 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.176 0.054 -0.00 0.63 -547.00 0.35 -77. UNIT NEWTON MMS 66.280 -0.03 1313.00 0.516 0.071 0.003 0.223 0.506 0.617 0.00 0.301 -0.00 MOM-Y 0.076 0.183 0.05 -81.217 0.041 0.00 0.041 S3= 0.321 0.00 0.047 0.89 300.328 0.994 0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 3 21 3 25 3 26 3 22 3 41 3 45 3 46 3 42 0.021 -0.021 0.028 -0.24 207.016 0.403 0.04 0.004 0.129 -0.011 -0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.162 -0.095 -0.32 -16.055 0.00 0.026 -0.204 -0.355 0.00 0.244 0.00 0.009 -0.036 0.128 SE= 0.251 0.005 0.014 -0.76 2.014 0.685 -0.61 74.928 0.011 -0.324 -0.002 0.011 0.014 0.68 74.123 0.760 -0.082 SE= -0.40 146.05 45.280 -0.372 0.35 3916.00 -105.24 -855.499 0.00 0.63 514.707 1.008 -0.327 0.00 0.00 0.090 -0.00 0.006 0.00 0.005 -0.602 0.076 -0.00 0.016 0.011 -0.02 -97.98 11.008 -0.221 0.00 0.707 0.036 0.258 0.52 1250.009 0.705 -0.088 -0.165 0.060 -0.08 -16.015 0.00 0.75 -97.298 0.00 0.038 -0.42 -75.016 -0.269 -0.32 -43.809 -0.574 -0.237 0.03 119.012 0.61 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z 31.095 -0.37 226.00 0.022 -0.00 0.051 0.Example Problem 24 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT LOAD 45 49 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 FORCE-X METE FORCE-Y 0.103 0.152 0.011 -0.00 0.255 0.000 0.703 0.005 0.098 -0.000 0.00 0.008 0.13 6.099 S2= 0.37 -1.52 -176.053 1.189 0.00 0.311 -0.016 0.106 0.089 0.05 -23.00 0.036 0.102 0.003 -0.40 135.97 83.056 -0.36 -62.011 0.12 31.00 0.00 0.123 -0.00 0.435 0.255 0.034 -0.00 0.52 181.082 0.188 -0.90 16.565 0.00 0.060 0.37 226.25 11. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.003 -0.143 0.77 -61.511 0.284 0.014 -0.00 0.225 -0.054 0.00 0.00 MOM Z 0.027 0.016 0.001 -0.00 0.107 0.00 0.00 0.152 S2= 0.269 SE= -0.00 0.014 0.00 0.00 0.046 S2= -0.00 0.154 -0.040 0.586 239 .133 -0.00 0.05 -81.40 -16.029 -0.009 -0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 -0.589 -0.219 0.707 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.009 -0.031 1.62 300.228 -0.744 0.008 -0.25 11.00 0.005 0.223 0.00 0.606 0.00 0.253 0.214 -0.538 0.002 -0.280 -0.076 -0.518 0.010 -0.129 0.00 0.365 0.52 3818.003 -0.95 -1.85 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 65.215 0.280 -0.

002 -0.001 -0.263 0.160 -0.716 0.000 0.001 S2= -0.152 -0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.064 -0.795 0.014 -0.474 0.000 0.296 0.496 -0.210 0.098 -0.112 -0.001 0.136 -0.001 -0.092 1.105 0.106 -0.136 0.051 0.228 0.000 0.249 0.317 -0.001 0.158 -0.001 -0.675 0.001 0.202 -0.181 -0.428 -0.000 0.343 0.001 -0.140 -0.001 -0.484 0.011 SE= 0.317 -0.024 -0.019 0.324 1.000 0.012 0.081 0.376 0.602 0.238 0.046 0.033 0.497 -0.314 -0.008 -0.060 0.003 0.001 -0.005 -0.191 0.125 0.153 0.005 0.032 0.024 -0.552 0.273 -0.001 -0.234 -0.001 -0.001 -0.030 0.490 0.165 -0.102 0.003 -0.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.707 0.273 0.078 -0.112 -0.046 -0.001 -0.003 0.928 -0.082 0.067 0.001 -0.098 -0.008 0.181 -0.024 -0.041 -0.001 -0.235 -0.099 1.052 0.741 -0.013 -0.210 -0.108 0.551 0.001 0.147 0.724 -0.998 -0.138 0.242 0.354 0.001 -0.472 0.112 -0.073 0.023 -0.046 S3= -0.243 SE= -0.670 0.008 -0.232 -0.334 -0.109 0.283 -0.045 -0.253 -0.000 0.045 0.428 -1.345 0.125 -0.001 -0.062 0.052 -0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.035 -0.119 0.751 0.000 0.001 -0.054 S3= 0.001 -0.428 -0.027 0.386 0.Application Examples 240 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.707 0.004 -0.096 -0.023 0.008 0.082 -0.078 -0.867 0.225 -0.035 1.428 0.452 -0.022 -0.001 -0.024 SE= -0.076 0.161 0.003 -0.070 0.016 -0.007 0.257 0.093 0.050 -0.083 0.022 -0.001 -0.183 0.012 -0.213 SE= -0.019 -0.043 -0.082 0.000 0.552 -0.004 S3= -0.000 -0.000 0.031 0.704 0.016 -0.026 -0.402 -0.259 0.065 0.512 1.670 -0.247 0.082 -0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.487 0.007 -0.341 0.707 0.008 0.497 0.083 -0.005 0.024 -0.057 0.705 1.024 -0.008 0.040 0.005 -0.240 0.001 0.498 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.630 0.030 0.806 -0.619 0.011 0.186 -0.053 S2= 0.011 0.024 -0.218 0.329 -0.051 -0.032 -0.146 -0.020 0.085 -0.051 S2= -0.329 0.515 0.707 0.878 0.Part I .060 -0.049 -0.153 0.366 -0.163 0.020 0.051 -0.001 0.177 0.201 S2= 0.618 0.001 -0.092 0.008 -0.066 0.000 0.254 -0.649 0.360 -0.005 -0.008 -0.088 0.024 0.009 0.064 -0.011 0.472 0.051 0.819 0.971 .087 0.034 -0.043 -0.030 -0.341 SE= -0.093 S3= 0.001 -0.114 0.065 0.170 -0.001 -0.160 -0.021 0.330 0.001 0.005 -0.286 -0.402 0.115 -0.160 0.227 -0.220 0.126 -0.036 -0.008 0.060 0.004 S2= -0.027 -0.285 0.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.036 0.108 0.908 0.147 -0.300 0.000 -0.036 0.025 -0.022 0.054 -0.026 -0.146 -0.001 -0.228 0.126 0.013 -0.001 S3= 0.708 -1.822 0.

233 -0.049 -0.182 0.609 -0.010 -0.047 S2= -0.024 0.550 0.399 -0.036 0.019 -0.024 0.017 0.056 0.707 0.479 0.000 0.526 -0.014 0.056 0.024 0.540 -1.056 0.458 0.053 -0.015 -0.000 -0.822 -0.000 0.320 0.119 -0.233 -0.000 0.174 -0.317 -0.210 S3= -0.000 0.020 -0.108 0.064 0.514 -0.000 S3= 0.000 0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.901 0.397 -0.489 0.024 0.049 -0.245 -0.048 0.051 -0.061 0.072 -0.316 0.006 -0.043 -0.000 -0.879 -0.298 SE= 0.401 -0.021 -0.323 -0.014 -0.411 0.190 0.069 0.032 -0.206 S3= -0.102 0.707 -0.077 0.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.013 -0.094 0.055 0.000 0.000 0.053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= 4 23 4 27 4 28 4 24 4 43 4 47 4 48 4 44 -0.000 -0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.240 -0.160 -0.053 0.000 0.463 -1.000 -0.010 -0.291 -0.129 -0.024 0.030 0.802 0.350 -0.000 -0.057 0.733 -1.278 -0.000 0.064 -0.038 0.024 SE= 0.707 0.766 -0.081 -0.334 -0.000 -0.013 -0.065 0.034 0.000 0.822 0.363 -0.253 0.507 0.000 0.024 0.285 -0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.422 0.037 0.001 S3= 0.000 0.088 -0.429 -0.000 0.024 0.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.028 -0.024 0.111 -0.006 -0.019 -0.000 0.003 -0.134 0.323 -0.014 -0.028 -0.009 -0.000 0.874 -0.294 -0.000 0.128 -0.044 -0.041 0.023 -0.103 -0.076 0.000 0.262 -0.000 0.165 -0.046 0.735 0.101 -0.056 -0.236 -0.000 0.274 -0.000 0.196 0.230 -0.004 -0.039 -0.312 -0.351 SE= 0.242 -0.120 -0.040 -0.025 -0.076 0.819 -0.018 -0.335 0.029 -0.000 -0.024 0.055 -0.000 0.042 SE= -0.314 0.203 -0.018 -0.005 S2= -0.091 -0.388 0.018 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.034 -0.042 -0.000 0.000 0.057 -0.031 0.052 S2= -0.550 -0.000 -0.083 -0.469 -0.000 0.000 0.674 0.000 0.000 0.100 -0.047 0.259 0.234 0.033 0.304 -0.255 -0.397 -0.047 -0.002 0.084 0.000 S2= 0.014 -0.789 0.149 0.070 -0.204 -0.323 0.046 -0.039 -0.472 0.021 -0.102 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.000 -0.005 0.000 0.420 -0.024 0.217 241 .016 0.605 -0.128 -0.000 0.555 0.041 -0.457 -0.007 0.000 -0.279 -0.484 0.000 -0.177 -0.000 0.003 -0.585 -0.813 -1.012 -0.064 0.

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Example Problem 24 NOTES 243 .

Application Examples 244 Example Problem 24 NOTES .Part I .

25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members.Example Problem 25 Example Problem No. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case. 245 . Since the structural condition is load dependent.

STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR COMPRESSION MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. The second line is an optional comment line. 2 0 10 . The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).Part I . the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. This is because. To accommodate these requirements. Also. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. 4 15 20 . 6 15 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 5 15 10 . . Consequently. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. it is necessary to have 2 commands. 3 0 20 . UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are specified above. the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. This structure is a PLANE frame. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.

MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 Properties for members 1 to 10 are defined as the STandard W12X26 section from the American AISC steel table.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of E. 10 2 5 Member numbers. Hence for each load case. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. if during the analysis. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified. 8 2 4 . This model contains 10 members. DENSITY is not specified since selfweight does not happen to be one of the load cases being solved for. are defined above. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. and the joints between which they are connected. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 247 . 7 2 6 .Example Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 . 9 3 5 . SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported.

any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1. Next. The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 In load case 2. these members cannot be accessed for further processing.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 25 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. . CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis.Part I . Without the re-activation. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are once again declared compression-only for the load case to follow. joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again.

the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -15 5 FX –10 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.0 2 1. In other words. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing. 249 . support reactions and member forces to the output file. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements.Example Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. are recognized as the "active" load cases. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing.

.Part I .Application Examples 250 Example Problem 25 FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.

LOAD LIST ALL 251 . 5. 8. 9 3 5 . 4. 7. 11.0/ 3142. 9. 10. 7 2 6 . 36.Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 14. 5 15 10 .0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 39. 15. 4 15 20 . 21. 12. JOINT LOAD 29. CHANGE 25. 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 19. 4 FX -10 30. DISK SPACE = 12. 17. 34. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32. 6.0 2 1. 37.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. LOAD 2 28. Case= CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. 2. EXMEM = 568. 22. 35. 2 iterations. 5 FX -15 31. 2 0 10 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 18. 13. 16.1 MB **START ITERATION NO. 20. 8 2 4 . 3 0 20 .0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 33.3 MB. 3. MEMBER COMPRESSION 26. 38. Intl. 1 2 iterations. Case= 2 1 iterations. 23. 6 TO 9 27. CHANGE 40. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .

00 0.47 0.32 -11.07766 -0.58 -2.00024 -0.00000 0.00000 0.90 0.00 0.00000 0.22 -0.00000 0.00 0.15 0.90 0.00381 0.00001 -0.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 25 41.00 0.00000 0.13 24.00015 0.11 -0.07766 0.00 0.01618 -0.00 0.00 0.03 -0.79 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.05088 -0.00 15.11 -0.00 0.07775 -0.79 -0.00 0.58 0.18 -24.00000 0.00015 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.15 -6.00 0.87 2.33 0.13 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.47 0.11 0.73 15.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.00025 0.18 -23.33 -1.00080 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 11.00 0.00364 0.22 0.24 0.00 3.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00024 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.28 -0.73 0.00000 0.79 2.00 0.00000 0.15 -2.00 0.04314 -0.00041 0.00 0.00 0.74 5 6 5 6 5 6 6.70 -2.00 0.01262 0.90 -6.00 0.00050 0.00 0.03 0.00000 0.47 1.00000 0.24 -0.00000 0.00 0.00381 0.04314 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.32 -15.00000 0.00 0.00 0.24 -0.00000 0.30 11.00 0.00000 0.13 0.50 2.24 0.00 0.15 -0.00022 -0.33 -23.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00025 0.13 -0.33 6.88 0.58 6.03 0.00000 0.30 -2.11 -0.00 0.00 25.50 0.47 1.00 0.70 -11.00 0.00215 -0.07775 -0.13 -2.70 -12.00 0.28 -6.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00001 -0.00 0.00001 -0.00050 -0.00 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 1 2 3 .00373 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 23.00000 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -23.00 -15.00 0.33 23.00000 0.00 0.00004 MOM Z 0.00 0.33 23.00 0.00 0.00041 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00255 0.00 -0.00255 0.00 0.00 0.70 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.87 0.22 -0.00 0.90 -1.00000 0.01618 0.05088 0.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.50 0.03 0.00 0.00373 0.00 0.00000 0.15 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.11 -0.00000 0.15 -0.00 0.03 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.90 -23.74 -0.22 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.79 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.00 23.00 0.00022 0.00000 0.11 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00004 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.03 -0.90 -6.00 0.00 0.11 6.00 0.00 0.30 2.00364 0.00 0.50 2.00 -25.03 0.00000 0.00 0.00080 0.33 0.00 0.00001 -0.03 0.88 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.58 6.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.13 -0.00 0.00 -15.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.24 2 3 2 3 2 3 -6.01262 -0.11 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.Part I .30 15.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00215 -0.00000 0.00 12.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 9.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.51 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.66 -2.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.66 0.00 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.60 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 -9.60 -11.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.00 0.00 0.00 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 -0.00 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.50 0.00 2.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 11.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 253 .00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 4.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.22 28.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -28.00 0.00 0.00 -28.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.63 2.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 29.00 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -29.00 0.Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.co.98 -8.00 0.55 8.00 0.50 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.00 0.51 0.00 0.51 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -0.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.22 28.32 0.00 0.00 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.55 9.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 254 Example Problem 25 NOTES .

26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. 255 . Using the master-slave command.Example Problem 26 Example Problem No.

67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 73 42 46 75 . 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above.Part I . 91 26 10 93 . 37 49 50 39 . 109 50 34 111 . 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . . MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . The unwanted joints. The second line is an optional title to identify this project. UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the data to follow. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. Y and Z axes. 22 29 30 24 . 4 5 6 6 . 64 26 30 66 . 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 7 9 10 9 . 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 82 58 62 84 . created during the generation process used above. 55 10 14 57 . 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 100 38 22 102 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 .Application Examples 256 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. are then deleted. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 46 61 62 48 . 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 .

Poisson's Ratio.75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American table.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above. and Density are specified. Built-in default values for steel and 257 . CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90.Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0.

The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47. The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed.0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified.0 49. It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20. LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31.Application Examples 258 Example Problem 26 concrete for these quantities are assigned.0 33.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.0 17. SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.0 .0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.0 The above data describe a static load case.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.Part I .0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command.

LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.0 In the above static load case. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure. 259 . then print support reactions at selected joints. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Example Problem 26 The above data describe a second static load case. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints. then print member forces for two members. plate element pressure loading on a floor is applied in the negative global Y direction.

5. 69.75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. 18.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47. 38. 40. 109 50 34 111 . 118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. 64 26 30 66 . 68.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10. Intl.0 33.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. 82 58 62 84 . 17.0 . 91 26 10 93 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 21. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 49. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 27. 25. 61. 67. 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 42. 31.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30. 47. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 71. 72. 13. 45. 33. 12.0 49. 34. 37. 32. 58. 36. 65. 46 61 62 48 . 22 29 30 24 . 39. 52. 46. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 7. 28. 14. 4 5 6 6 . 70. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 .0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10. 37 49 50 39 . 62. 29. 63.0 17. 15.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. 16.Application Examples 260 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 44. 55 10 14 57 . 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 3. 23. 55.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. 6. 26. 2.0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5.Part I .0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10. 54. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 11. 51. 19. 48.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20. 56. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 .0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30. 9. 43. STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 .0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 66. 7 9 10 9 . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 22. 73 42 46 75 . 60. 30. 100 38 22 102 . 20. 59. 8.

00 0.00041 -0.09268 -0.13263 6.00059 0.34 0.00024 0.00014 0.41 336.00 0.06978 -0.00028 0.13263 6.00245 0.45739 8.00363 -0.00792 0.39 -125.00103 0.00041 -0.00056 -0.10 129.5/ 3142.27 1696.00036 -0.01 0.21215 -0.45046 -0.00503 -0.00000 0.19716 0.09027 8. 77.00 0.2 MB.07454 0.45046 0.33161 -0.19363 -0.00791 -0.00 0.50252 -0.04703 0.39 0.00162 0.45739 8.00041 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.96702 -0.83 1407.01536 -0.Example Problem 26 73.23216 0.70 -7.00 0.00363 -0.73 -4.00041 -0.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.07452 -0.02716 0.34 0.00 0.09027 0.02679 -0.00017 -0.02115 -1.02678 -0.88 -137.00 0.23 -85.00 0.00025 -0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 18 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00649 0.00140 -0.07792 0.00031 0.25499 -0.82 1835.00 322.00363 -0.13 1173.01 0.00056 -0.49676 0.02679 -0.32921 8.06556 -1.14 -137.00031 -0.01 0.96702 -0.00041 -0.09261 0.64214 -0. EXMEM = 568.00452 -0.00028 -0.00 0.00 0.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 83.00008 -0.00 -0.00058 -0.07468 -0.01 -0.00 0.32 0.32921 8.01 0.86713 0.00 4.00 0.96702 -0.00 0.59584 0.00 0.00054 0.00041 -0.00 -0.04919 0.32921 8.07823 -0.64214 -0.07454 0.00207 -0. 76.32 -0.21215 -21.00 0.00 0.33161 -0.00056 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04609 1.00159 0.32 125.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.45739 8.86781 -0.00041 -0.09027 8.94 58 42 58 42 58 42 0.00 0.06312 -0.00363 -0.59584 0.00002 0.00 0.00625 0.00 0.1 MB 82.00167 -0.00001 0.32 -8.00056 -0.23216 0.00166 0.00495 -0.00014 0. 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.45739 8.00056 -0.32921 8. 74.00046 -0.00056 -0.00030 0.38 208.25499 -0.08128 -0.87442 -0.13263 6.00041 -0.02166 1.49676 0.04712 0.58 2 3 115 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 261 .00363 -0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.00120 0.34 -129.00059 -0.08468 -0.73 5.00090 0.00363 -0.00102 0.00 0.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.00108 0.00363 -0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 20/ 17/ 113 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.51350 -0.00 7.87442 -0.00056 -0.84 -85.09268 -21.00057 -0.10 -5.70 8.00 0.04704 -0.13263 6. DISK SPACE = 12. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0. 80.09027 8.87442 -0.02065 -0.04716 0.00 0.87442 -0.00 0.00056 -0.00 0. 78.06978 -0.34 -0. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.09261 0.88242 0.00088 -0.00363 -0.00 0.96702 -0.01 0.00 198.

56 -500.00 50.01 0.51 51.Part I .26 -469.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.10 7.Pro.47 -483. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.74 -11.63 487.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.reiusa. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.76 -58.98 -28.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.36 68.co.25 -54.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.13 -500.68 -55.91 -470.65 31.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.03 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.01 0.net * ************************************************************ .82 -54.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.54 -14.53 -54.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.69 231.96 0.com * * Europe support@reel.60 -69.55 92.17 1732.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.37 53.87 -58.90 -257.00 0.03 0.14 1731.31 70.52 -91.co.co.Application Examples 262 Example Problem 26 84. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.

Example Problem 26 NOTES 263 .

Part I .Application Examples 264 Example Problem 26 NOTES .

27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade. The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed.Example Problem 27 Example Problem No. 265 .

Application Examples 266 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 12. the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.0 0.333 5 0.0 0.5 feet.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.0 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 0.0 0. 3 times.0 0. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.5 6 0. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.0 0.5 0.0 6.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 36. the joint number followed by the X.0 3 0. Y and Z axes. Consequently.0 2 0.Part I . To accommodate these requirements.0 REPEAT 3 8.5 0.0 0. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.167 4 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 20. it is necessary to have 2 commands.0 40.0 28.0 For joints 1 through 7. Also.

CONSTANTS E 4000. UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and the data is used as the basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES.0 267 . The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command. The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later).0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8.0 ALL POISSON 0. SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.

7 27 FY -1085.50 The above data describe a static load case.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate support springs which are effective in the global Y direction. 29 30 FY -205. 26 FY -542. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint. 5 FY -308. A pressure load of 1. Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade modulus of soil. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. 8 9 FY -109.5 47 54 82 FY -264.Part I . LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.7 6 FY -617. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126.ft.ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.2 .4 22 23 FY -410.50 kip/sq.

4 22 23 FY -205.0 FY -109.0 103 FY 243. 5 FY -150.7 6 FY -310.0 120 121 FY 108.0 99 100 FY 205.0 FY -217.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.0 269 .3 FY -205.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.0 FY -487.3 92 93 FY 102.3 FY -546.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 FY -974.5 47 54 82 FY -132. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case. 29 30 FY -102.0 FY -273.0 104 FY 487. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command.0 113 114 FY 54. 8 9 FY -50. 26 FY -271.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.0 FY -410.7 27 FY -542.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528.

FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end.3 FY 273. .Application Examples 270 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136.Part I . element stresses for elements 34 and 67. with the help of the above commands. are obtained for load case 3. LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements. The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis. and support reactions at a list of joints.

2.0 0. 39. 4.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 1 ) 1 1 271 . 8.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.0 0.0/ 40260.5 7 0.5 0. 41. 35. 14. DISK SPACE = 13. 28.0 0.0 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.0 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 2 0.167 4 0.00 = -7740.0 ALL POISSON 0. 37. 32. 36. 17.0 28. 12. 10. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.03 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.0 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0. 6.5 6 0. 22. 43.01 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740.0 12.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12. 20.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 0.0 0.00 = 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.333 5 0. 9. 26.0 36.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 CONSTANTS E 4000.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 20.0 0. 13.7 MB **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230. 30. 7.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 3. 33. 21. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 24. 18. 16.0 0. 25. 15. 40. Intl.0 0.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 3 0.0 0.0 40.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 29.5 0.

89606E-02 99 RY= 0. 8 9 FY -109.Application Examples 272 Example Problem 27 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800.0 120 121 FY -217.3 125 FY -546.00 MZ= 2 ) -884991.19726E-10 80 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 44. 50. 5 FY -308. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 49.4 22 23 FY -410. 68.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 61.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 29 30 FY -205. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. 53. 60.0 113 114 FY -109.7 6 FY -617. 58. 47.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations. 55. 63.66 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253.69957E-02 6 2 ) 884991.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9.0 104 FY -974. 46. 65.66 MY= 0. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 62. 26 FY -542.7 27 FY -1085.0 124 FY -273. 54.50000E+00 1 Z = 0. 59. 51.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.09725E+01 120 Z = 0.00 MZ= 499230.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253.00000E+00 0 RZ= -4. 56.3 92 93 FY -205.47 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 2 2 .00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964. 52.01 MY= 0. 57.0 99 100 FY -410.Part I . 48.51342E-10 121 RY= 0. 66.00 = -13964.00000E+00 0 RX= 9.0 103 FY -487.5 47 54 82 FY -264.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. 64.90 = 0.02 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.00000E+00 0 RX= 7.

00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 8 9 FY -50. 5 FY -150. 81.36 MY= 0. 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 80.09786E-01 125 3 ) 478687. 125 FY 273.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519. LOAD LIST 3 98. 4 **START ITERATION NO. 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations.6 95. 104 FY 487. 2 **START ITERATION NO. 47 54 82 FY -132. 113 114 FY 54.00 MZ= 3 ) -478687.7 82.78 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 97.Example Problem 27 69. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' 72.2 85.00000E+00 0 RX= -1. 22 23 FY -205. 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.5 84. 77. 1 2 FY -100.0 92. 92 93 FY 102.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519. JOINT LOADS 75. 99 100 FY 205. 26 FY -271.7 78. 124 FY 136. ELEMENT LOAD 73.0 90.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 3 **START ITERATION NO. 29 30 FY -102. 48 55 76 83 FY -264. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 3 3 273 .00000E+00 0 RZ= 1.83669E+01 120 Z = 0.00000E+00 0 Y = 2. 103 FY 243.3 93. 27 FY -542. 120 121 FY 108.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533.36 MY= 0. CHANGE 71.4 79.22268E-01 120 RY= 0.50 74.0 89.00 = -10533.3 86.10 = 0.0 87. 6 FY -310.0 91. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START ITERATION NO. 76.4 83.0 88.

449913E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 100.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .91 SMAX= 375.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.00 0.10 149.62 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.074621E+03 PLATE NO.00 0.81 202.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19.12227 -0.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 27 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.08 153.25 SMIN= -30.62 SMAX= 30.81 0.96 724.96 43.21 -57.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.60 0.13 6.25 SMAX= 171.00000 0.38 1303.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN -0.08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 99. 67 67 CASE NO.06 168.00 1449.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.29 TMAX= ANGLE= -34.00 0. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.83 1303.06945 0.00 0.00 0.99 0.11615 Y-ROTAN 0.Part I .53915 28. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -4.00 6.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0.09579 -0.17264 14.00 724.50 188.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 0.00 0.2 ANGLE= -34.00 0.96 0.13 101.00 148.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.00 202.1 ANGLE= -27.91 SMIN= -1074.00000 0.06506 0.09437 -0.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.44 1449.00 101.45 188.303438E+03 67 3 1.29 SMAX= 1074.00000 0.74 2.10056 0.00 0.64 3 TOP : BOTT: 37.00 ANGLE= -27.2 5.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.074621E+03 -1.49737 0.249564E+02 67 3 1.36691 22.00000 0.00 0. 3 3 7.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.net * ************************************************************ 275 .Pro.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * Europe support@reel.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Example Problem 27 101.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.

Part I .Application Examples 276 Example Problem 27 NOTES .

Example Problem 28 Example Problem No. 28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below. 277 . pier-cap girders and a deck slab. The structure consists of piers.

5 11. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error. Y and Z coordinates are specified first. To achieve this. UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6.5 0 0. 6 15. . 11 -1 10 0 25 16. joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25). JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file.5 0 0. We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands. 4 9 0 0. Y and Z axes. 2 4 0 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. Following this. we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure. The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. Next.Part I . the joint number followed by the X. 3 6. using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis. the above command is required.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. in 3 successive operations.5 0 0. 63 new joints are generated. the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters.

6 6 23 26 26 34 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 71 71 82 . 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. 28 28 38 . we create members 202 to 215. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. Details of this command is available in Section 5. member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. is the explicit definition method. where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers. 48 48 57 . For example. 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 50 50 61 . DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 279 . 69 69 78 . 30 30 42 . the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated. No generation is involved here.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. 303 to 316. 49 49 59 . and. 5 5 21 . 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 29 29 40 .Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. Similarly. The above method. 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. Then. 70 70 80 . 404 to 417.11 of the Technical Reference manual. 3 3 17 . 4 4 19 . 72 72 84 . 51 51 63 . 2 2 15 . The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. 27 27 36 . by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment).

there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. C 20. For this.5 10 0 . B. D 3 10 14 . with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD.Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements. It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. Similarly.5 10 14 .Part I . Alternatively. from the superelement bound by the corners A. 168 elements are created for the 2nd span. In other words. The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element. 46 and 32). and 12 along the edges BC and DA. Thus. C and D (which in turn are nodes 11. we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32. we use a technique called mesh generation. we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 . 25. Details of the above can be found in Section 5. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . For example. At every node along their common boundary. GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements. Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element. etc.14 of the Technical Reference manual. plates and beams are properly connected. Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements. and another 168 for the 3rd span. B 16. we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. These are the elements which make up the first span.

Example Problem 28

and vice versa. The tools of the graphical user interface may be
used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this
model.
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups.
Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be
used to refer to a cluster of entities, such as members. For our
structure, the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called
GIRDERS, the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS, and so
on. For the deck, a few selected elements are chosen into a few
selective groups. The reason is that these elements happen to be
right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the
frequency calculation.
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections
for the girders, and prismatic circular sections for the columns.
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375

281

Part I - Application Examples

282

Example Problem 28

The plate elements of the deck slab, which happen to be at a Y
elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11
metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms.
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq.mm for all
members. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.
Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also
assigned to ALL members and elements.
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
Following a change of units, density of concrete is specified.
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports).
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
Theoretically, a structure has as many modes of vibration as the
number of degrees of freedom in the model. However, the
limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes
may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted. In a
large structure, the extraction process can also be very time
consuming. Further, not all modes are of equal importance. (One
measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of
that mode.) In many cases, the first few modes may be sufficient to
obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response.
Due to these reasons, in the absence of any explicit instruction,
STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. This is like saying that
the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified.

Example Problem 28

(Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD.Pro 2000 calculated only 3
modes by default).
If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall
vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained, one may
ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with
the help of this command. The number that follows this command
is the number of modes being requested. In our example, we are
asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65.
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD
YRA 9 11 PR GX 200
YRA 9 11 PR GY 200
YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200
* VEHICLES ON SPANS - ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED
ELEMENT LOAD
_P1 PR GY 700
_P2 PR GY 700
_P3 PR GY 700
_P4 PR GY 700
_P5 PR GY 700
_P6 PR GY 700
_P1 PR GZ 700
_P2 PR GZ 700
_P3 PR GZ 700
_P4 PR GZ 700
_P5 PR GZ 700
_P6 PR GZ 700
The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen
extraction method. Some information on this is available in
Section 1.18.3 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference Manual.

283

Part I - Application Examples

284

Example Problem 28

The method involves 2 matrices - the stiffness matrix, and the
mass matrix.
The stiffness matrix, usually called the [K] matrix, is assembled
using data such as member and element lengths, member and
element properties, modulus of elasticty, Poisson's ratio, member
and element releases, member offsets, support information, etc.
For assembling the mass matrix, called the [M] matrix, STAAD
uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL
CAL REQ command is specified. So, some of the important
aspects to bear in mind are :
1.

The input you specify is weights, not masses. Internally,
STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input
by "g", the acceleration due to gravity.

2.

If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame, there are 2
possible directions of vibration - global X, and global Y. If
the structure is declared as a SPACE frame, there are 3
possible directions - global X, global Y and global Z.
However, this does not guarantee that STAAD will
automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the
available directions.
You have control over and are responsible for specifying the
directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. In other
words, if a weight is not specified along a certain direction,
the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example,
global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a
contribution in the mass matrix. The mass matrix is
assembled using only the masses from the weights and
directions specified by the user.
In our example, notice that we are specifying the selfweight
along global X, Y and Z directions. Similarly, a 200 kg/sq.m
pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the
deck.

Example Problem 28

But for the truck loads, we choose to apply it on just a few
elements in the global Y and Z directions only. The reasoning
is something like - for the X direction, the mass is not
capable of vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll
along X. Remember, this is just a demonstration example, not
necessarily what you may wish to do.
The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to
restrict a certain weight to certain directions only, all he/she
has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights
cannot vibrate in.
3.

As much as possible, provide absolute values for the weights.
STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at
nodes. So, if some weights are specified as positive numbers
and others as negative, the total weight at a given node is the
algebraic summation of all the weights in the global
directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this
algebraic resultant.
MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED

This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and
modes should be calculated. It is specified inside a load case. In
other words, this command accompanies the loads that are to be
used in generating the mass matrix.
Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic
analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is
carried out. But in such analyses, the MODAL CALCULATION
REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. When STAAD
encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11)
and time history (see examples 16 and 22), it automatically will
carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL ..
command.

285

Part I - Application Examples

286

Example Problem 28

PERFORM ANALYSIS
This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the
frequencies. Frequencies, periods and participation factors are
automatically reported in the output file when the operation is
completed.
FINISH
This terminates the STAAD run.

Example Problem 28
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STAAD.Pro
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Version
Bld
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE
IGNORE LIST
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 4 0 0; 3 6.5 0 0; 4 9 0 0; 5 11.5 0 0; 6 15.5 0 0
11 -1 10 0 25 16.5 10 0
REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14
MEMBER INCI
1 1 13 ; 2 2 15 ; 3 3 17 ; 4 4 19 ; 5 5 21 ; 6 6 23
26 26 34 ; 27 27 36 ; 28 28 38 ; 29 29 40 ; 30 30 42 ; 31 31 44
47 47 55 ; 48 48 57 ; 49 49 59 ; 50 50 61 ; 51 51 63 ; 52 52 65
68 68 76 ; 69 69 78 ; 70 70 80 ; 71 71 82 ; 72 72 84 ; 73 73 86
101 11 12 114
202 32 33 215
303 53 54 316
404 74 75 417
DEFINE MESH
A JOINT 11
B JOINT 25
C JOINT 46
D JOINT 32
E JOINT 67
F JOINT 53
G JOINT 88
H JOINT 74
GENERATE ELEMENT
MESH ABCD 14 12
MESH DCEF 14 12
MESH FEGH 14 12
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD

287

253E-16 2.21355 0. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1.09316 0.05778 0.719E-16 1.000E+00 2.000E+00 3. 94.06824 0.189 7.13911 0.754 4. DISK SPACE = 23.363 10.373 4.199E-16 0. 81.05070 0.636 2.08454 0.646E-16 0.24532 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 500 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ 584/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 496/ 24/ 150 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.125 17.488 13.19889 0.05721 0.NO.341 10.478 17.13582 0.465E-16 5. 83.22870 0.921 12. 90.13815 0.000E+00 .308 17. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.025E-16 8.238 7.436E-16 1. 87.909E-16 6.462E-16 5.26636 0. 95.343E-16 2.08869 0.05020 ACCURACY 0.06774 0.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 28 79.08961 0.NO.762 15.553E-16 0.07311 0. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.160 11. YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS .577 11.NO.000E+00 0.4/ 40260.733E-16 6.000E+00 1. 92. ELEM. 80.5 MB 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.38433 0.683 5.882 3.014E-16 3.999E-16 5. 93.085 12.549E-16 5.146E-16 4.000E+00 9. 84. 97.08388 0.033E-16 7.654 14.734 11.028 7. ELEM.278E-16 3. 100.829 11. 86.076E-16 6.921 0.05635 0.158E-16 2.Part I .08638 0.466E-16 0.229E-16 2. 96. 89.155E-16 3.725 19.34695 0. 99.08007 0.677 14.61111 0.06612 0.09671 0.275 11.22130 0.747 19. 85.076 4. ELEM.519 4.314E-16 3.08275 0. 88.602 2.

013 40.134 0.923 35. MODE 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 40.043E-14 2.02932 0.494 PERIOD(SEC) 0.02783 0.02444 0.536 20.927 36.655 25.411 35.276E-13 3.146 21.070 23.03174 0.03355 0.03785 0.007E-16 3.04169 0.676E-16 6.03662 0.272E-09 9.03384 0.000E+00 6.02363 0.04869 0.02253 0.985 24.518 23.399E-07 2.395 45. These are for information only and will not be used.02468 0.701E-09 2.02592 0.803E-11 1.580E-16 1.972 29.318 42.03156 0.Example Problem 28 MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 20.02342 0.02221 0.804 30.012E-09 2. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.110 42.132E-05 7.02824 0.290E-14 2.04056 0.162 35.801 22.03043 0.04729 0.366E-11 3.03730 0.133E-12 1.723E-05 6.04319 0.845 21.305 27.992 31.518 40.277E-10 3.442E-05 4.986E-06 9.002 26.618 20.403E-06 6.02408 0.034E-15 2.02576 0.153 23.02738 0.02863 0. To use these frequencies.025 45. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.690 32.369E-05 289 .088E-06 6.878E-09 1.574 32.891 44.863 34.03926 0.02844 0.985E-06 2.154E-05 1.876E-16 4.03124 0.585 38.182E-16 2.04252 0.523 42.02375 0.452E-16 1.04587 0.009 32.082E-08 4.204E-16 7.336E-16 0.469 26.03070 0.02216 ACCURACY 4.052E-15 8.279E-15 5.426 21.186E-10 6.000E+00 4.04850 0.540E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.02532 ACCURACY 0.04797 0.998E-16 3.559E-07 1.02331 0.03227 0.013E-06 3.902E-07 6.808 27.776 28.826 39.878E-16 5.03452 0.471E-12 1.986E-14 1.422 26.701 42.03600 0.101 34.04531 0.313E-13 6.03846 0.501 31.04667 0.947E-12 7.02499 0.550 29.924 41.529 38.

00 0.00 99.00 0.00 0.364 56.858 99.00 0.04 0.349 56.00 0.02 0.737 65.00 0.364 56.27 0.00 0.898 99.740 99.927 55.09 0.00 0.857 99.00 1.855 99.42 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.856 99.740 99.767 99.151 99.00 0.857 99.00 0.00 0.575 30.06 0.923 99.735 99.856 99.000 0.766 99.00 0.354 56.611 73.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.975 99.19 0.226 73.407 74.974 99.135 99.04 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.974 99.42 0.00 0.732 61.758 73.832 99.937 99.116 72.969 55.00 0.00 0.04 0.973 99.00 0.00 0.969 68.971 99.00 0.00 0.985 99.00 26.00 0.384 56.151 99.07 0.00 0.308 65.00 0.326 99.974 99.857 99.857 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.229 3.14 0.00 0.753 99.00 0.858 99.00 0.981 99.536 3.974 99.05 0.06 0.00 3.973 99.740 99.768 99.11 0.909 99.00 0.354 56.17 0.00 0.Application Examples 290 Example Problem 28 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 X Y Z 0.205 61.00 0.01 0.00 0.012 99.00 0.Part I .00 0.865 99.905 72.01 0.15 0.01 0.00 0.823 73.859 99.00 0.00 0.622 73.854 99.01 0.000 55.971 99.00 0.868 99.26 0.01 0.854 99.856 99.00 0.59 0.326 99.973 99.01 0.226 73.18 0.856 99.204 99.00 0.00 0.06 0.358 56.968 73.00 0.00 0.970 99.53 0.973 99.00 3.00 0.03 0.061 99.01 0.01 0.15 0.00 0.972 99.00 0.972 99.00 0.364 56.00 0.00 0.736 67.14 0.973 99.00 0.00 0.868 99.623 73.37 0.00 0.00 0.753 99.00 0.56 0.948 99.00 0.00 0.937 99.00 0.00 0.14 0.965 99.868 99.923 99.01 0.859 99.860 99.00 0.00 25.767 99.00 0.00 0.980 73.00 0.587 55.00 0.144 74.062 99.05 0.00 0.01 0.730 73.53 0.033 73.00 0.00 0.973 99.00 0.764 74.53 0.736 99.859 99.00 0.766 99.736 99.972 99.610 73.00 0.861 99.00 0.326 99.204 99.00 0.973 99.858 99.736 99.04 0.30 0.151 99.112 99.00 0.04 0.202 99.00 0.00 0.911 99.858 99.765 99.01 0.00 0.214 65.860 99.973 99.00 2.965 99.939 99.00 0.858 99.856 99.858 99.972 99.940 99.967 67.971 99.984 99.986 .974 99.00 0.591 57.676 58.829 99.856 99.135 99.383 56.740 55.00 0.972 99.754 99.00 0.319 65.02 0.06 0.831 73.02 0.467 74.979 56.562 56.740 99.859 99.05 0.00 0.973 99.976 99.00 0.057 73.856 99.972 99.973 99.00 0.985 99.736 73.736 65.00 0.741 99.006 74.754 99.00 0.00 0.889 99.972 99.48 0.611 73.970 74.00 0.00 0.062 99.15 0.136 99.965 99.973 99.969 55.00 0.09 0.23 0.00 0.01 0.00 4.00 0.00 0.871 55.926 67.00 0.852 99.496 3.151 99.856 99.00 0.00 0.947 99.00 0.01 0.355 56.00 3.326 99.01 0.00 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.974 99.940 99.042 99.00 0.869 0.932 67.00 0.02 0.000 0.368 56.03 0.985 99.00 0.00 0.858 99.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.768 99.971 99.38 0.00 0.965 99.01 0.00 0.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * Europe support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Example Problem 28 102. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.co.net * ************************************************************ 291 .uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro.reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.

025E-16 7 4.000E+00 3 2.641E-16 8 4.22870 6.Part I . (i) Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes.26636 0.22130 5.000E+00 12 7.38433 0.666E-16 4 3.STAAD output).363 0. (This file can be viewed from File .754 0.19889 0. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.636 0.34695 8. look at the output file.683 0.882 0.13911 8.21355 5.253E-16 9 5.000E+00 10 7.466E-16 6 4. we obtain a report.238 0.13815 0.373 0.028 0.189 0.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete.076 0.13582 0.916E-16 11 7.000E+00 5 4.24532 3.519 0.602 0.344E-16 2 2.000E+00 .Output File .View .61111 1.

326 10 0.736 55.53 0.00 99.01 0.59 0.04 percent participation.00 99.736 55.00 99. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode.00 0.496 99.00 0.00 0.00 99.740 99.00 0.151 3. The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes.587 99.27 0.969 99.04 0.14 0.202 3.000 99.000 99.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.00 0.00 99.06 0.00 25. we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode.061 3 0.151 0.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0.735 55.326 12 0.871 99. But for the Y direction.326 11 0.00 99.02 99.00 99.15 0.13 0.204 55.326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command.062 5 0. the first 2 modes are sufficient.000 99.062 4 0. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction. The SUMM-X.042 2 99. we barely obtained 60%.42 0.136 9 0.00 3.05 0.00 0. the first mode has a 99.151 3.536 99. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26.012 0.23 0. The out-of-plane flexible nature of 293 .19 99.00 99. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure.00 26.151 0.135 8 0.135 7 0.229 99. One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X.736 55.Example Problem 28 (ii) Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.204 30.575 99.112 6 0.04 0.02 99. even with 10 modes.927 99.05 99.04 0.

(iii) Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed. The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically.Part I . also result in small participation factors.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 28 the slab enables it to vibrate in a manner resembling a series of wave like curves. where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model. This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views. Localized modes. The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box. The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode. select Post-processing from the mode menu. Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. .

Example Problem 28 NOTES 295 .

Application Examples 296 Example Problem 28 NOTES .Part I .

1.80m 1.80m 3.Example Problem 29 Example Problem No.80m 1. For the seismic case. the maximum values of displacements.70m 1. forces and reactions are obtained. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case. 29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example.00m 297 .00m 2.50m 3. The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used.90m 3. In this model.

6 7 0 . 29 18 21 . Following this. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above. 25 3 17.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4.5 0 . STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 18 & 19) and generation (20. 18 20 21. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 2 0 3. 20 22 16 21 2 10. The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts. 28 15 22.Part I . the joint number is followed by the X. 27 11 20.Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 22 4 12. 19 21 22. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 26 7 19. 15 18 19. 21 & 22) is carried out.11 of the Technical Reference manual. Y and Z axes. 3 0 5. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. Y and Z coordinates as specified above. 14 17 18.8 7 0 . 19 7. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. Details of these commands are available in Section 5. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 18 4. REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation.3 0 . another round of explicit definition (joints 17.

such as members. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure. 299 . Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. For our structure. which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L150X150X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are. The alternative. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM. we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names. the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL. and so on. Just from the looks of the command. MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table.

and hence the need to override the default. UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA.0 DAMPING 0. may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis.05 . UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands.Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq. The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure.mm for all members. SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.30 of the Technical Reference manual. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis. which is 6. This command is explained in Section 5.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0.Part I . The default.

A sample portion of that file is as shown below.TXT. Consequently.00364 multiplied by 32.0600 0. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration.0000 0. Here.02 seconds. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command.000990 0.Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. and we shall be doing so at a later step.0400 0. the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided.0800 0. As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5. only one data set is defined.2 ft/sec^2). (If one wishes to specify a forcing function.31.007580 0. ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA.1000 0. the acceleration due to gravity.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g". It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA.004280 0.TXT". In this file. 301 . the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us. Thus.00364 multiplied by 9. The first stage is defined above.003640 0. That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. for example.006300 0.4 of the Technical Reference manual. 0.TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data.0200 0. at 0. the acceleration is 0. the EQDATA. the keyword FORCE must be used instead.806 m/sec^2 (or 0.

how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy.9 7. Since the slab is not part of the structural model. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads.0. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. our structure has a floor slab. Y and Z coordinates in space. LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. But. We have chosen 0. At the Y=7. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. Thus.Application Examples 302 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure. The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads. it is a non-structural entity which. similar to the squares of a chess board.load intensity in the form of pressure.0m elevation. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper). .1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case.Part I .0 The above data describe a static load case. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system. and the region of the structure in terms of X. the input required from the user is very simple . of the area over which the pressure acts. STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels.05. It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel.

We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”. the selfweight. Here we say that the seismic force.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case. acting at arrival time 1. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data. as read from EQDATA.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.806 indicates the value which the accleration data. 303 . as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed. Thus. which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated.9 7. b.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. The number 9.9 7. GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.TXT are to be factored by before they are used. loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads. The data here are a.806 The above command too is part of load case 3.9 7. is to be applied along the X direction.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.

he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities.Application Examples 304 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. these will be just the maximum values.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations. for the dynamic case. a positive combination. If there are a 1000 time steps. computing nodal displacements. Load combination case no. not the ones generated for every time step. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3). the maximum from among those time steps is available. If we wish to do a design.0 2 1. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements.0 3 1.Part I .0 2 1.0. the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step. one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case. If the user wishes to see the results for each time step. for that load case. . there will be 1000 values of FX. However. 1000 for FY etc.0 3 -1. Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design. 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3). Load combination case no. That is what is being done above.0 In a time history analysis. As mentioned earlier. support reactions. and a negative combination. support reactions and member end forces in the output file. The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations. That means. We have chosen the factors to be 1. etc.

FINISH 305 .is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12.code check .Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .

22 4 12. 80. 25. 14 17 18. 32. 51. 28 15 22. 17. 25 3 17. 43.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1.9 7. 23. 55. 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 65. 20 22 16 21 2 10. 70. 56. 52. 37. 63. 19 21 22. 9. 75.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6.1 FLOAD -500 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1. 74. 15. 27 11 20.8 7 0 . 30.6 7 0 . 21.9 7. 16. 60.Part I .05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) . 35. 57. 67. 48. 19.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 11. 22. 19 7. 29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA.3 0 . 42. 73. 13.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.Application Examples 306 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 45. 26. 15 18 19. 7. 76. 26 7 19.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 31. 53. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 14. 71. Intl. 29. 46.9 7. 12. 61.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .5 0 . 18 20 21. 36. 41. 3 0 5. 78. 24. 8.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6. 40.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.0 DAMPING 0. 68. 6. 33. 54. 2 0 3.9 7.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 39. 27. 69. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 18.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. 4. 5. 18 4. 64.

000E+00 4.152E-07 1.218E-15 9.270 5.00632 0.420E-13 307 .361E-10 1.374E-15 2. MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 88.368 1.618E-16 1.250E-15 2.01785 0.540 5. 1 1.015E-13 4.062E-15 6.694 1. 84. 83.06561 0.618E-12 1.63847 0.01136 ACCURACY 5. 86.731 93.678E-08 4.06104 0.0 3 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 3 -1.07836 0.82255 0. DISK SPACE = 12.650E-10 9.01122 0.0 2 1.740 0.02195 0.06585 0.01119 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 14/ 4/ 27 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.01118 0.01522 0.996 56.01067 0.761 15.01913 0.080 3.405E-15 3.242E-08 1.375 16.066E-16 4.185 15.019 88.00603 ACCURACY 1.032 4.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 4 120 30 54 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.497E-16 8.02039 0.332E-14 2.939E-15 3.01067 0.967E-11 8.00632 0.198 4.01918 0.161E-09 1. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.0 2 1.576 49.23820 0.02038 0.01815 0.492E-16 0.406E-15 6.011 65.01136 0.295 89. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.692 65.026 158.18033 0.364 89.474E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.553E-16 1. These are for information only and will not be used.00662 0.020 151.242 16.545 5.01518 0.467E-16 1.227 165.01786 0.73101 0.506E-10 3.000E+00 2.18051 0.Example Problem 29 81.06107 0.00662 0.753 12.856 88.757 151.383 45.01133 0.996E-16 0.566 2.898E-16 7.002E-14 4.23420 0.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.107 55.44194 0.17510 0.507E-16 7.613E-16 1.867E-15 3.319E-12 1.48072 0.220 158.553 45.060 52.094E-16 5.462E-15 2. To use these frequencies.32978 0.830E-15 3.614E-15 7.132E-16 2.146 89.032 49.125 52.1/ 40259.023 1.303E-07 2.272 55.216 1.419 93.711 12.02194 0.07841 0.

71 0.324 85.00285 0.00 0.46 0.760 99.989 100.977 99.00 0.00 0.603 350.00 85.977 99.00 0.977 99.00 0.39 0.038 81.00 0.991 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.00 0.652 72.436E-13 1.00 0.991 99.762E-10 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 X Y Z 0.319 85.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.038 72.00 0.991 99.023 98.00 0.068 52.00 0.00 0.122 69.00 0.591 69.00 0.00 0.023 99.000 51.977 99.728 99.00538 0.728 99.652 69.00538 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.00 0.00 9.00 0.748 185.00285 0.000 0.068 52.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.809722 87.000 0.000 98.728 99.023 98.00 0.25 0.00 0.023 98.Part I .00 51.00 0.47 0.991 99.977 99.52 0.00 0.00 10.760 99.816 51.01 0.00 0.32 98.815 98.00 0.036 185.00 0.00 13.068 52.00 0.00 0.023 98.03 0.977 99.Application Examples 308 Example Problem 29 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 PERIOD(SEC) 165.815 98.826 98.00 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.469E-12 1.82 0.653 85.591 69.745833 .652 69.828 99.000 0.00 0.815 98.991 99.02 0.01 0.804 351.758 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.653 81.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.977 99.977 99.023 98.991 99.05 0.452993E+03 5.00 0.038 72.03 7.353 98.816 51.122 59.00 0.728 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.068 59.00 0.652 69.652 69.833 0.794E-07 7.00546 0.038 72.023 98.39 0.00 0.977 99.646E-09 1.23 1.00 0.319 85.00 0.758 99.00 0.996 0.745E-12 4.742 183.00 0.00 0.00546 0.950E-10 8.455 99.00 0.00 2.991 99.826 98.00603 0.977 99.023 98.991 99.000 0.061 99.360E-11 1.23 0.023 98.00 0.310748E+01 2.00 0.061 99.000 0.000 0.61 0.00 0.816 52.996 99.00 0.000 100.00284 ACCURACY 1.01 0.026 183.445833 Z= 2.00 0.00 0.977 99.304010E-06 2.977 99.991 99.000 0.759 350.000 100.061 99.023 98.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.

0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0070 -0.0020 -0.0000 0.0100 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0113 0.0156 0.0050 -0.0284 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0113 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0158 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0014 -0.0000 0.0016 -0.0107 -0.0016 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.7142 5.0061 -0.0000 0.0088 -0.0000 0.1577 -0.2943 7.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.1577 -0.0000 -0.0245 -0.0012 -0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.3415 9.0000 0.0145 -0.0000 0.0021 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 -0.0011 -0.0000 0.0245 -0.0068 0.0000 0.0453 9.0000 0.7306 6.0000 -0.0015 -0.3428 9.0141 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0173 -0.0000 0.2932 -9.0000 0.0075 0.0000 0.0000 0.0083 -0.0160 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0002 0.0000 0.0004 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0173 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0050 0.0002 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0001 0.0046 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0123 0.3120 -0.0016 -0.9290 7.2707 -6.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0002 0.4150 5.5461 -8.0004 -0.9290 7.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0083 -0.0000 0.0025 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0001 0.0070 -0.0030 -0.0173 -0.0030 -0.0104 0.4150 5.2707 -6.0000 -0.0115 0.0141 -0.0284 -0.3897 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0124 0.0046 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0068 -0.3323 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0141 -0.0139 309 .0015 -0.0000 0.0046 -0.0104 0.0000 0.0001 0.0005 0.0021 -0.3323 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 -0.0001 0.0004 0.0004 0.0256 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0189 0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0075 -0.0005 0.0004 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0144 0.0000 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0173 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0082 -0.0004 0.0015 -0.0061 -0.0144 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0189 0.0000 0.0000 -0.7306 6.0000 -0.0000 0.0013 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 -0.5461 -8.0000 0.0000 0.0005 X-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0124 0.0105 0.0005 -0.0027 -0.0001 0.3120 -0.0000 0.0005 -0.0086 0.0124 0.3726 5.0001 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0023 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0160 -0.0015 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0001 0.0100 -0.0021 -0.0001 0.0160 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0068 -0.0124 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 -0.0005 0.0015 -0.0069 -0.0000 0.9428 8.0001 -0.0453 9.0000 -0.0014 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.2573 -7.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0050 0.0000 0.0000 0.0118 -0.0000 0.0123 0.0088 -0.0158 0.0000 0.3585 7.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0107 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.7142 5.0015 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0021 -0.0000 0.3897 0.0124 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0075 0.0012 -0.3854 0.0000 0.0202 0.0000 0.0059 0.0145 -0.0000 0.0023 -0.0000 0.0046 -0.0000 0.0077 -0.0000 0.3585 7.0015 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0050 -0.3415 9.0000 0.0000 0.0123 0.0141 -0.0075 0.0000 0.0189 0.0001 0.1288 -5.0156 0.0002 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0100 -0.0000 0.0114 0.6284 -0.1288 -5.0075 0.0399 9.0020 -0.0000 0.3726 5.0015 -0.0005 -0.0137 0.0011 -0.0256 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0107 -0.0001 0.0004 0.0139 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0189 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.3002 -9.0137 0.0107 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0115 0.2932 -9.

0002 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.Part I .0000 0.0059 0.9033 -0.0028 -0.0059 0.0069 -0.00 0.02 -2345.21 873.96 -19.0402 9.0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.3246 9.0000 0.0004 0.0160 -0.00 0.0000 0.0013 -0.3674 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0114 0.0000 0.3266 9.0001 0.0000 -0.0008 0.28 991.35 1447.00 0.0031 -0.74 18.00 0.0262 -0.4118 1.00 18.0000 0.00 0.15 3278.65 991.0004 0.74 -18.70 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3296.00 0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0057 -0.0000 0.0001 0.74 -18.4625 1.0089 0.00 0.00 0.0030 -0.0000 0.62 -60.0002 0.00 0.0003 0.00 -18.15 3278.0000 0.0000 -0.3854 -0.0202 0.3246 9.0039 0.0086 0.0426 9.00 0.0025 -0.66 3562.9033 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0027 -0.02 -2381.0001 0.0008 0.65 991.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0002 -0.00 -18.0033 -0.1022 -0.0001 0.0000 0.74 -0.0000 0.3728 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.3996 -1.3720 -0.0009 0.87 991.3996 -1.9556 -0.0038 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0001 -0.7947 1.0000 -0.2573 -7.0004 0.00 0.0000 0.50 3293.0086 0.00 0.0000 0.0001 0.0002 0.4625 1.0038 0.03 1260.0000 -0.2817 -9.0031 -0.0000 -0.0733 -1.0000 0.0000 0.Application Examples 310 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0030 -0.0008 0.0001 -0.0004 0.0124 0.39 -1412.00 0.0000 0.1022 -0.0000 -0.3246 9.51 3562.2943 7.00 0.0291 -0.00 0.0028 -0.0000 -0.0216 -1.0118 -0.0105 -0.87 7848.0291 -0.0000 0.2764 -9.0025 -0.00 0.11 -3314.00 0.0000 0.0216 -1.0000 0.0059 0.87 7848.0452 9.0000 0.39 -1412.21 -873.0452 9.0000 0.0000 0.62 -60.74 0.74 -0.21 873.0008 0.37 7850.00 0.0001 0.3266 9.0003 0.28 0.35 1447.00 0.0009 0.00 0.00 0.96 -19.0000 0.0000 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.3720 -0.0001 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0262 -0.0001 -0.66 3562.0000 -0.0123 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.2817 -9.0000 0.0000 0.87 60.2812 -9.51 3562.0399 9.0000 0.50 -3296.6284 -0.0027 -0.0000 0.74 18.3428 9.0046 -0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.21 -873.0025 -0.0000 0.4118 1.0089 0.70 0.0006 0.0000 0.0001 0.74 0.00 0.0001 0.3728 -0.0402 9.0000 -0.0000 0.0008 0.0083 -0.0100 -0.0027 -0.03 1260.64 1257.00 0.37 7850.0426 9.0083 -0.0004 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.0002 0.0002 0.0000 0.0075 -0.0039 0.0001 -0.00 0.0001 0.02 -2381.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 60.3246 9.0001 0.0008 -0.0002 -0.96 19.00 0.0632 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.70 0.0001 0.0006 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0021 -0.00 0.0124 0.00 0.00 0.7947 1.0009 0.00 0.0632 -0.0000 -0.96 19.11 -3314.0039 0.9657 -0.0039 -0.0000 -0.00 0.0009 -0.3688 -1.9657 -0.00 0.0733 -1.0033 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0016 -0.00 0.00 0.3002 -9.50 3293.0000 0.2764 -9.0021 -0.0082 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0009 0.2812 -9.0000 0.0000 0.3688 -1.9428 8.3674 -0.00 18.9556 -0.00 0.0000 -0.0046 -0.00 0.70 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.64 1257.0086 0.00 0.0001 -0.0068 -0.0000 0.00 0.02 -2345.0025 -0.0077 -0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0025 -0.

53 0.58 -323.00 68.38 0.23 0.90 -2.00 0.92 -311.40 -117.69 -79.47 254.24 0.74 0.02 873.50 0.06 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 5 1 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 311 .64 3296.00 0.00 68.23 0.28 183.16 3212.40 -1345.74 0.00 -3.00 0.39 0.73 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 188.48 60.22 -124.22 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 202.24 -0.00 0.94 2708.21 -873.23 0.49 -725.01 0.35 0.00 3055.00 0.50 -3562.74 -456.00 -88.13 -3055.70 19.00 0.03 -8208.00 0.01 -0.93 1345.00 0.53 5.21 -124.39 -117.32 -6869.74 319.88 -5.58 -323.74 18.52 -111.21 0.97 -12469.02 -873.00 123.00 65.37 -11600.00 8208.37 0.00 8333.50 0.37 7596.74 -18.22 -124.40 -0.00 0.00 0.01 5848.00 118.50 3293.21 60.11 -6060.89 -1.16 123.00 4942.00 0.74 -319.24 -210.88 -5.62 3278.64 6061.96 7850.10 11886.11 7.00 65.00 117.40 -117.50 3293.55 -7490.28 -2794.01 0.00 -3055.10 3562.59 0.00 210.00 0.00 11600.88 0.74 0.50 -11886.00 65.00 123.06 0.18 -112.00 0.73 3562.34 -0.55 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 629.50 -9034.50 -3562.06 118.41 -5848.96 -0.70 19.00 0.00 0.06 -118.01 -0.55 0.32 7096.21 -60.57 5.19 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 629.69 -79.19 38.61 6223.00 0.18 0.16 123.88 112.00 -18.35 -1447.34 -0.03 -118.02 2381.50 -3296.60 5.58 0.93 5.02 -873.00 0.36 0.03 118.74 18.00 0.97 179.96 -0.19 -17194.31 -122.00 0.52 0.59 0.00 0.26 8867.15 0.59 0.24 -6061.66 121.00 -210.96 -19.01 0.23 0.06 -6933.74 18.21 -873.39 -2345.40 117.24 0.61 6974.06 -6642.20 -178.96 -19.01 -0.32 -122.98 898.07 -38.00 0.59 -323.51 -655.21 17382.72 -7315.62 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 991.87 1447.00 0.05 -3177.29 1311.57 6805.88 -2836.23 -8.00 -3.60 0.53 7302.00 118.66 -655.00 -0.21 -60.03 -8333.36 -0.63 895.24 -88.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.24 -0.00 0.35 -12006.75 -3293.97 0.36 0.00 0.63 3296.65 -7514.07 6869.58 3562.35 0.31 4573.90 -311.13 3055.00 0.90 -1.19 -24.15 -112.24 -8.00 0.00 -18.59 -456.42 11475.86 0.68 -11.87 111.87 -5.21 60.50 9034.53 -111.50 -3296.39 1412.16 -2279.03 -0.00 65.00 -5067.31 248.70 0.00 0.00 0.58 -4942.59 0.01 -0.24 -60.63 1260.77 -2793.34 0.95 0.33 -0.33 0.88 60.00 0.04 -254.00 0.21 -124.59 -4627.19 -4569.02 2244.25 3562.36 1.88 -183.11 -2381.28 -923.88 112.59 4627.53 5067.46 -722.00 0.04 -6517.24 -0.03 -118.39 -117.16 304.01 17157.53 3177.30 -88.34 1.64 1257.00 -12280.02 2345.02 873.00 0.50 -3562.00 0.87 111.21 873.77 2793.00 0.00 -88.35 -3314.86 12248.00 0.58 0.00 0.59 -323.15 -1412.70 0.04 -2889.62 0.71 3049.03 -7511.53 0.71 -60.39 117.99 -7312.87 7848.00 0.47 -38.31 -7402.68 -11.00 0.88 12436.85 -2539.87 0.11 3314.45 7488.00 0.00 -0.21 873.KGS METE MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 991.05 -1311.50 -3562.75 7485.02 2279.37 -179.87 -3293.74 -18.74 18.06 -118.11 6517.16 -302.74 0.21 -17341.00 0.26 -8867.75 12006.23 -0.40 -3212.29 -2244.00 117.60 -6811.30 210.14 -3070.88 2836.15 -3278.66 121.01 0.37 -920.00 -11475.87 -5.

36 -1.24 0.59 0.00 0.60 -5.00 88.24 0.11 7.69 79.32 7096.89 1.28 183.30 88.29 1311.51 -655.22 124.53 111.64 1257.00 11600.71 3049.49 -725.88 -183.05 -1311.22 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 202.16 -123.48 60.00 -210.21 60.24 8.00 8208.55 -7490.42 11475.63 3296.16 -2279.21 124.77 2793.96 19.74 0.00 0.16 -302.50 3293.03 -8208.58 323.58 323.01 0.52 0.33 0.36 -0.21 -60.02 -873.52 111.90 -2.95 0.74 0.39 -2345.01 5848.19 -17194.70 -19.23 -0.15 -3278.37 0.92 311.40 117.50 0.75 -3293.74 0.87 1447.97 0.00 0.00 -68.00 0.04 -254.00 0.64 3296.87 -111.02 2381.59 4627.Part I .37 -11600.21 60.66 -121.68 11.59 -4627.00 0.24 0.25 3562.74 -18.88 5.50 -3562.01 -0.00 8333.00 -12280.53 0.50 -3562.96 0.39 117.23 -0.35 0.23 -0.35 -3314.00 0.32 -6869.01 -0.31 4573.11 -6060.00 0.88 2836.88 12436.53 5067.21 873.47 -38.02 2345.00 0.26 8867.74 0.45 7488.00 -5067.37 -179.07 6869.50 -9034.23 0.00 18.06 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 11 1 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 .00 0.60 -6811.53 -5.35 -12006.01 0.16 3212.00 0.00 -65.02 873.00 0.46 -722.23 0.00 0.00 0.88 5.57 6805.88 -112.02 873.00 -117.74 18.85 -2539.01 0.74 -18.29 -2244.00 0.00 0.50 -3296.59 323.22 124.62 3278.00 0.00 -123.00 0.24 -0.24 -60.03 118.35 -1447.23 8.59 0.86 0.01 -0.00 0.01 0.00 0.70 -19.50 9034.00 0.39 117.63 1260.50 -3562.74 -18.47 254.00 0.00 -65.21 17382.21 -60.58 0.03 118.21 -873.40 0.00 -117.00 0.10 3562.87 -3293.00 -0.88 0.11 -2381.74 -18.00 -123.88 -2836.90 1.16 -123.04 -2889.93 2708.21 -17341.00 0.50 -3296.00 -11475.21 873.07 -38.06 118.57 -5.96 7850.62 -0.24 88.00 3055.68 11.00 18.39 -0.15 -1412.01 17157.53 7302.59 -456.02 2279.00 0.01 -0.13 3055.39 -117.61 6974.02 2244.00 0.00 -3055.90 311.11 3314.06 -6933.00 0.00 -118.24 -6061.77 -2793.26 -8867.00 88.00 0.00 -0.04 -6517.75 12006.19 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 629.35 -0.87 5.33 0.15 0.59 0.18 0.50 -11886.96 0.00 3.37 -920.87 -0.18 112.00 0.98 898.34 0.31 -7402.28 -923.40 -117.00 -65.87 7848.06 -6642.16 304.30 210.88 -112.55 0.93 -5.38 0.03 -8333.66 -655.Application Examples 312 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.53 0.59 323.00 0.13 -3055.74 319.69 79.11 6517.34 -1.58 0.05 -3177.19 -4569.37 7596.87 -111.00 4942.41 -5848.74 -319.10 11886.74 18.03 -7511.59 0.24 0.00 -65.63 895.97 179.28 -2794.66 -121.00 0.61 6223.21 0.21 124.58 -4942.00 0.00 0.96 19.31 122.00 0.40 -1345.40 117.00 3.00 0.65 -7514.55 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 629.34 -0.21 -873.00 0.50 0.70 0.93 1345.15 112.00 0.03 0.62 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 991.00 0.20 -178.40 -3212.39 1412.70 0.00 0.19 38.86 12248.00 210.73 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 188.97 -12469.14 -3070.32 122.74 -456.06 -0.06 118.64 6061.34 0.31 248.73 3562.60 0.00 -118.71 -60.24 -210.88 60.36 -0.87 5.75 7485.00 -68.06 -118.53 3177.99 -7312.72 -7315.KGS METE MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 991.00 0.19 -24.58 3562.03 -118.50 -3562.02 -873.36 0.50 3293.

67 0.03 1.28 8249.31 0.KGS METE MEMBER 13 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 17 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 4 -183.69 267.00 -3417.29 2873.71 -3882.01 -0.02 -873.23 0.47 19 -2793.09 0.27 2794.00 -0.19 971.01 0.03 0.27 -0.28 -1.00 0.01 -0.82 2889.68 0.71 0.00 0.00 2137.30 -1.07 12 9407.97 178.19 17 183.53 138.12 6869.68 0.74 394.20 2085.23 -0.00 -0.01 -0.61 0.00 0.01 0.27 0.09 0.00 0.93 1656.18 -52.03 -0.93 2539.31 -55.33 -7393.28 8249.07 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 126.50 2212.93 -209.44 2723.33 12 6388.59 -0.73 -1.33 -9962.01 8335.76 -0.19 12 -2836.09 0.27 -0.11 2970.07 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 60.01 0.30 1.00 -0.30 723.08 20 -6388.27 2794.02 -6869.27 0.27 0.19 20 183.18 1194.27 -138.00 1.09 -0.02 -0.42 -394.23 0.03 0.73 0.01 -0.00 0.36 2.00 0.28 41.16 0.23 -0.53 0.16 5756.78 -267.64 0.23 -0.21 -60.02 -6869.02 6344.76 1.21 873.87 -248.01 0.90 -450.00 0.60 -10916.29 1.09 0.33 20 -9407.09 -0.64 1.00 0.66 -1078.67 0.45 1598.54 313 .64 -0.53 -7.00 0.68 -0.00 -0.23 -0.00 -3417.01 -0.76 1.00 0.03 -0.66 3417.23 66.50 2212.21 10508.50 -675.09 -9886.01 -0.21 873.00 0.76 0.02 0.93 -209.50 0.30 209.26 0.09 -0.00 0.50 -3426.97 9494.68 0.51 0.07 17 2836.87 -248.62 -10804.44 -6812.01 -0.93 2539.25 -2085.30 723.18 -5288.00 0.00 0.29 -1.31 9569.64 0.27 0.42 60.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.66 -1078.89 -4112.91 7747.66 3417.00 -0.02 -0.68 0.42 8857.00 -1178.00 -1.37 -8481.09 -8701.04 8 2793.19 4 -2836.60 11224.08 0.69 -1168.59 -0.00 0.76 -1.15 3070.08 4 -12426.63 69.00 0.09 0.54 -1656.01 0.92 2341.67 0.59 20 12426.68 -0.78 -6.00 0.73 5685.03 1.61 -1.09 -0.01 8335.30 -1.29 2873.92 2341.63 69.73 6517.44 2723.00 1.02 0.48 0.00 0.20 2085.03 19 6619.76 -1.64 -1.00 0.27 -0.62 -10804.00 -1.42 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.33 -7393.68 0.02 0.50 -675.00 -1178.71 3426.45 -665.21 -60.93 1656.33 17 -9407.01 0.00 0.23 66.64 0.53 -7.02 -723.09 0.01 0.00 0.62 1311.09 -0.07 4 9407.62 1311.72 -19.03 -1.68 -0.33 -9962.73 1.02 -0.00 0.00 0.09 0.06 12 -183.72 -19.63 -2873.00 0.51 0.01 -1.74 394.57 -523.09 -0.64 0.00 0.01 0.02 8 -6619.09 -0.33 4 6388.71 -0.89 -4112.69 -1598.00 19 -179.00 0.03 8 12564.30 209.53 138.00 -0.79 -3049.21 873.02 -0.21 -60.02 -873.00 0.38 6223.30 1.02 0.01 -0.77 -5488.20 -2341.01 -0.64 -0.50 0.01 -0.64 0.31 9569.00 -0.00 0.02 -873.67 -0.54 126.01 0.57 -523.02 59.12 6869.01 0.16 5756.27 0.09 0.00 0.23 0.08 17 -6388.03 -0.31 -55.52 19 -12564.00 -0.64 -0.00 0.02 120.00 0.00 0.04 19 -9591.01 0.52 8 9591.23 -307.00 0.73 0.03 0.01 -0.07 20 2836.76 1.02 -723.00 0.02 6344.08 12 -12426.50 -2708.08 0.46 1170.02 665.18 1194.91 -6517.00 -0.47 8 179.60 11224.33 -977.76 -1.00 0.77 -5488.59 17 12426.79 -3049.16 0.64 -1.53 -0.01 0.09 0.09 -8701.30 13.54 -1656.01 0.

64 0.83 2889.00 0.63 -22.01 0.08 -118.00 0.00 -0.64 0.20 0.00 0.59 311.64 -1.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 -394.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 0.23 0.00 0.92 4.51 -25.01 0.06 -11.00 0.00 -25.64 -0.27 12.46 1170.52 16 9591.00 0.08 -25.01 588.00 0.00 -0.00 0.51 25.25 323.00 0.09 0.23 0.01 -0.91 7747.50 -2708.00 0.59 0.23 0.61 1.51 -25.04 118.06 0.15 3070.47 16 179.00 0.00 0.66 -11.18 -5288.30 13.80 -25.45 1598.00 588.44 -6812.23 -0.51 25.76 136.01 0.00 -323.69 -1168.27 -10.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 118.31 0.51 -25.51 -25.33 -977.00 0.00 0.21 10508.04 -118.00 0.09 -0.50 -562.51 562.01 0.00 0.23 -0.00 22.27 -12.00 0.51 -562.00 0.71 3426.63 -2873.01 1.24 -0.51 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -588.88 -5.04 25.00 0.00 0.66 11.59 0.01 0.64 0.24 -0.92 -131.00 -22.78 -267.00 0.01 -588.00 0.80 136.78 -6.00 0.00 0.64 0.80 136.00 0.09 -9886.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 22.00 118.00 22 -179.01 -588.09 0.01 0.51 0.00 0.02 -873.00 0.00 0.64 1.97 178.88 112.00 0.00 0.01 0.85 0.00 0.06 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 22 6619.51 25.08 -118.00 0.45 -665.73 5685.85 131.00 0.00 0.76 25.04 16 2793.00 -1.21 873.03 16 12564.51 0.27 -0.16 -112.64 0.18 -52.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -311.28 1.36 0.00 0.19 971.92 -131.52 22 -12564.00 323.00 0.69 267.48 -0.00 0.92 4.04 22 -9591.00 0.61 0.00 -0.06 -0.47 22 -2793.01 588.25 .06 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 23 1 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.00 0.00 0.01 -0.36 10.00 0.00 2137.64 -0.00 0.50 562.64 -0.00 1.63 22.03 -0.00 0.26 0.27 -138.08 118.20 -112.06 -0.00 0.51 25.04 -118.23 0.25 -323.00 0.89 131.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 -0.20 -2341.51 -0.66 311.69 -1598.00 -136.00 0.25 323.00 0.00 0.88 -5.Part I .25 -2085.36 -10.00 0.00 0.23 -307.25 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.25 -323.06 -0.00 0.06 -0.42 8857.64 1.KGS METE MEMBER 19 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.25 323.51 -25.91 -6517.02 16 -6619.36 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.06 -0.63 -22.51 0.24 0.00 0.63 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.01 0.73 6517.90 -450.00 0.00 0.24 -12.00 0.36 2.28 41.00 0.63 -22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 120.00 0.03 -1.00 0.00 0.97 9494.23 -0.38 6223.00 0.37 -8481.16 0.00 0.01 588.00 0.24 0.00 0.88 112.27 10.00 0.00 -136.76 -136.00 0.76 136.08 0.25 -323.02 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.01 -0.09 -0.80 -136.50 0.21 -60.Application Examples 314 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.06 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 22.02 665.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 0.06 0.00 0.11 2970.00 0.27 0.23 0.24 -0.50 0.00 -588.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.23 12.00 0.59 -311.63 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.08 -0.01 0.60 -10916.71 -3882.06 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3426.

38 -162.37 22 -14898.42 14.14 -408.05 -0.22 -10.10 0.00 1125.42 14.49 216.00 0.46 19 9661.11 0.94 -420.72 -16.83 -5.00 0.84 57.47 22 9661.66 -0.94 -420.66 0.00 0.68 7 14898.96 17 -5115.00 0.47 214.75 25.97 171.66 20 -20414.00 0.62 0.10 0.86 -2.00 0.47 214.46 -32.00 0.05 0.62 0.22 22 -298.11 -0.11 0.47 -171.52 166.00 0.75 25.82 7 -9612.00 0.62 -0.02 -0.52 166.01 0.00 0.65 31.52 20.10 0.40 -3.47 16.00 0.01 -0.47 16.53 0.00 -0.21 27.96 11 -14986.00 0.00 0.62 0.01 -0.00 0.10 -0.00 0.80 41.63 0.54 -0.00 0.10 0.00 1150.00 0.11 -0.05 -0.05 0.14 -408.52 -116.52 -116.58 -0.72 -16.58 0.43 0.92 -391.00 0.00 0.00 -0.83 15 -9612.46 -32.00 -0.03 0.00 0.52 365.47 -171.93 24.51 1125.00 0.02 0.00 0.11 0.01 -10.66 0.66 17 -20414.54 0.51 1150.73 11 5115.11 -0.01 0.09 106.00 0.23 171.84 57.54 -20.00 0.18 20 -311.00 0.65 31.00 0.00 -0.00 -0.00 0.10 -0.00 0.66 -0.00 0.11 -0.66 53.66 0.66 -0.81 -161.00 -0.22 -10.97 375.57 180.52 11 -9509.40 -3.11 0.49 216.03 0.06 3.86 2.63 0.40 3.96 20 -5115.00 0.00 3.00 0.50 36.63 -0.00 0.21 27.97 -14.79 392.58 15.00 -0.00 0.06 -0.86 2.37 15 20184.11 -0.00 0.84 2.47 -0.63 0.11 0.00 0.63 -0.38 20 9558.50 36.01 -0.58 15.00 0.23 171.52 20.84 -2.54 -20.10 0.66 0.52 3 -9509.13 7 348.51 25.00 -0.83 3 20463.68 22 -4937.52 365.66 0.91 29.00 -0.03 0.03 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.66 0.03 -0.01 0.02 -0.11 0.00 0.63 0.97 375.93 2.22 19 -298.01 -10.34 -3.10 -0.93 -2.00 0.00 0.66 -0.00 0. 92.53 0.83 11 20463.27 22 -20134.51 1150.02 -128.51 11 361.00 0.00 0.37 19 -14898.93 -2.02 0.43 0.11 0.37 7 20184.01 0.52 17 14986.63 -0.92 -0.13 15 348.86 -2.00 0.79 392.73 3 5115.66 53.00 0. 91.00 0.00 0.01 -0.57 180.00 0.51 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 25.83 -5.78 15 4937.51 0. 90.66 0.78 7 4937.38 17 9558.40 0.KGS METE MEMBER 25 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 29 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 3 361.00 0.51 1150.82 100.18 17 -311.02 -128.00 0.96 3 -14986.80 41.92 0.00 0.27 19 -20134.10 0.38 -162.92 -391.68 19 -4937.00 0.09 106.54 -166. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL 315 .82 100.91 29.97 171.91 -2.93 24.00 0.97 -14.81 -161.00 -0.00 0.00 0.10 0.66 0.00 0.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.47 0.00 0.00 0.54 -166.63 0.10 -0.03 0.91 2.00 0.52 20 14986.10 -0.93 2.34 0.68 15 14898.00 0.

50 12 1.850 110.3B 1.72 C PASS 59.53 SECTIONS) 0.80 12 0.850 107.850 110.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.3B 1.A 0.50 12 1.76 SECTIONS) 0.66 C 11 ST W310X97 PASS 71.465 -170.25 C 19 ST W250X39 PASS 15.05 SECTIONS) 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.2+ 0.50 11 1.A -0.00 12 3.860 105.21 T PASS 1.3B -0.21 T PASS 121.66 C 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 7 ST W310X97 8 ST W310X97 9 ST W310X97 PASS 71.46 SECTIONS) 0.80 11 0.8.62 SECTIONS) 0.72 C 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.26 SECTIONS) 0.9.46 SECTIONS) 0.2+ 0.2+ 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.00 11 3.A 1.9.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.74 C PASS 65.9.07 SECTIONS) 0.A 1.3B -1.A 0.A -1.A -1.320 112.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .43 T PASS 73.8.80 12 0.8.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.470 -170.8.9.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.62 SECTIONS) 0.69 C 2 ST W310X97 PASS 71.8.9.17 12 3.A -0.53 SECTIONS) 0.324 -113.8.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.465 -170.05 SECTIONS) 0.06 SECTIONS) 0.3B 0.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.16 C (CANADIAN CSA-13.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.68 C PASS 123.05 SECTIONS) 0.00 11 3.80 12 0.76 SECTIONS) 0.465 168.9.462 168.840 103.00 11 0.34 T PASS 1.465 168.00 12 1.00 12 1.05 SECTIONS) 0.86 T PASS 16.Application Examples 316 Example Problem 29 STAAD.80 11 0.324 -113.00 SECTIONS) 0.95 SECTIONS) 0.462 168.8.9.74 C 3 ST W310X97 PASS 65.69 C PASS 71.Part I .14 T 4 ST W310X97 PASS 73.00 11 3.22 SECTIONS) 0.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.9.00 .86 T 18 ST W250X39 PASS 16.80 12 0.00 11 0.8.8.00 11 3.25 C PASS 15.850 107.840 103.3B -0.9.06 SECTIONS) 0.860 105.009 -0.320 112.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.A 0.470 -170.8.43 T 13 ST W250X39 14 ST W250X39 15 ST W250X39 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 PASS 121.07 SECTIONS) 0.95 SECTIONS) 0.00 11 0.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W310X97 PASS 73.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3C 0.00 11 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.2+ 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.143 -3.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.50 11 1.8.68 C 20 ST W250X39 21 ST C200X17 22 ST C200X17 PASS 123.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B 0.3B -1.26 SECTIONS) 0.14 T 10 ST W310X97 PASS 73.

00 11 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.8.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.20 C 28 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.8. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.16 C 25 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.com * * Europe support@reel.17 SECTIONS) 0.3C 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.46 C 27 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.55 12 2.00 SECTIONS) 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.492 -11.009 0.539 4.48 11 2.8.8.19 11 0.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B 0.48 11 2.9.8.reiusa.55 11 1.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.34 T 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.50 *********** END OF THE STAAD.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 12 2.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 23 ST C200X17 PASS 1.3B -0.A 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.Pro.net * ************************************************************ 317 .co.143 3.co.00 SECTIONS) 0.00 SECTIONS) 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.12 SECTIONS) 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.3C 0.539 4.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.46 C 29 ST C200X17 PASS 0.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.3B 0.22 SECTIONS) 0.538 4.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.538 4.3B -0. FINISH (CANADIAN CSA-13.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 C 93.20 C 26 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.8.co.12 SECTIONS) 0.

Part I .Application Examples 318 Example Problem 29 NOTES .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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Inc. problem 3. S. 1956. 1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss.77 8.. Van Nostrand Co. Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8. “Strength of Materials.77 None .. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system.” Part 1. D.. 3rd edition.1 Verification Problem No. page 346. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. COMPARISON: Support Reaction.

0 . DISK SPACE = 12. 16. . 18. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .0 . 2. 10.00 0. 4. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 . 100.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0. 19. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .877P. EXMEM = 568.9 MB. 8. 50. 20. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 4 2 4 .77 -8.0/ 3123.00 5. 14. 2 150.77 5.00 0. * THEREFORE IF P=10. FINISH . PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8. 5.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.6 MB 21.77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 9. .00 0. 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 2 1 3 . Intl. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 3 150.00 0. 3. 17. 5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5. 11. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 13. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 0. 3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. 3 2 3 . 15. 2 5 PRIS AX 3. 7. 12. 6. . 0. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 0. 2 FY -10.00 0.00 0.00 0. 3. REACTION = 8. 4 300.

0 ft. 2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass.3 Verification Problem No. K = 300. “Vibration Problems in Engineering.1-3. page 11. W. Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam. and Weaver. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W. D. 4th edition.. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure.0 ft B = 3..” John Wiley & Sons. S. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e 3 Period. sec 0.. 1974. problem 1. Young. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000.533 0.533 None .0 lb/in.0 ksi A = 7.

VIZ. FINISH X Y 0. 18. 4. 0.. 13. 14. 17. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. PAGE 11.00 0.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0. 9. 15. . 3 10. 0.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0. DISK SPACE = 12.000 100. 6. 20. MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 5 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.9 MB. 19. 2.0/ 3123.Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 5. MEMB PROP . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 7. MEMB INCI .876 0.533 SEC.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD . 1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300. 3.WEAVER. (4TH EDITION.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10.. F = 1. 8. Intl. 12. 1 2 PRIS AX 1.000 ACCURACY 0. 16. 21. 11. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD . . 0.53317 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO. 1 0.6 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = *** 1 1 1 EIGENSOLUTION : SUBSPACE METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 1 PERIOD(SEC) 1. 2 FY -1000.00100. 2 7.YOUNG.000E+00 .000 0. IZ 1. EXMEM = 568. PROB 1.

mm . Uniform pressure= 5N/sq. A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated. PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm. 3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element.5 Verification Problem No. REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam.

51mm Max.50 kNm 22. 18. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq.mm = 22.5x10 N.20 mm Max Moment 22.51 mm 18.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18.50 kNm .m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max. Defl.Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max. deflection = WL /8EI. moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22.5KN.

00 0.00 0.1/ 3123.0 CONSTANT E 210. 15.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.00 1. 20.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ. FINISH .8159 X-ROTAN 0.56 5. 19. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 9. 17. 18.0000 Y-ROTAN -0. 11.MM.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.91 -1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 126 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.47 11.6 MB.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0. 6. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0.00 0.19 -18. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.54 0. Intl. 5.00 0. 10.0000 1. 13. EXMEM = 568. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25. 7.91 -112.0813 Z-ROTAN 0. 3. 14.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 2. 16.00 -18. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5.47 0. 12.54 5.00 0.00 0.6 MB 21. 8. UNIT KN METER 23. 4.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

REFERENCE: Timoshenko.” Part 1. D. 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support. PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure.. S. Inc. page 346.5 1. Van Nostrand Co. problem 2. 1956. “Strength of Materials.5 None . 3rd edition.. COMPARISON: Reaction.9 Verification Problem No. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1..

50 -1.00 0. 4. 12. 19. 7. 8. 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . Intl. MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . 2 0.9 MB. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. . 14.00 0. 20. 10. 10.0/ 3123. 9. . 5.50 1. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1. 20. 17.6 MB 21. 6.Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 13. 20. 2. DISK SPACE = 12. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. 2. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1. 16. 0.00 0. 4 10. FINI . CONSTANT E 3000. 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. EXMEM = 568. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . IZ 100.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 3 0. 11. 18. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. 4 FY -1. 15.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.00 0. PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. .00 -5.00 0.

1. Van Nostrand Co. 1956. Y P P X 13. psi.5 in Diameter = 10 in. problems 1.01037 None . δ 0..* STAAD 3575. 2. in Solution σ Theory 3575.“Strength of Materials.01040 0. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). D.. 3rd edition. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle. page 97.11 Verification Problem No.5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. S.” Part. Difference None * The value is recalculated.. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle. and Deflection (δ). P = 26000 lb.

TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. 16. 12.4 441.0 0. 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10.0 3575. 8.104 INCH FOR MAX.00000 0.0 0.0 0. 4. 17. 5 86. 3.00000 0.0 3575.3 0.4 441.3 3575. 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP . **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.3 0.00000 0.00000 0.0/ 3123.0 0.3 3575.00000 0. 6.00 0. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 0. Intl.0 BEND-Z 0.0 1. 10. STRESS * AND 0.01138 0.00086 . 15.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 9.0 1.3 3575.3 3575.00000 -0. 7.0 3575.00000 0.0 3575. .3 441.00000 0.3 3575.00000 -0. 11.9 MB. . * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. 18.5 0.0 0.0 0.00000 0.0 0.0 441. 0. .00000 0.4 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 2 13.0 3575.4 0. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX.0 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 4 72.0 0.3 3575. 1 AND 2.00000 0. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 . CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.0 1.00000 0. .00000 0. 0. 3 43.0 0. 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.Part II – Verification Problems 12 1.0 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 5.01138 0.00000 0.00070 0. DEFLECTION. EXMEM = 568.01037 0.0 2 1 .00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21.3 0.0 0.00086 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 20.5 0. 1 5 FY -26000.0 3 1 . 2. 13.3 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00000 0. MEMB INCI . PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 1 1 0.0 0.0 4 1 . ID 0.0 0.0 0.7 MB 19.3 0.0 0.0 0. 14.0 3575.00000 0.0 0.0 0.00070 -0.

J.13 Verification Problem No.40 44. C.44 Small . 6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. 3rd edition.. COMPARISON: Moment. page 383. REFERENCE: McCormack. example 22 .” Intext Educational Publishers.5. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. 1975. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44. E and I same for all members. “Structural Analysis.

DISK SPACE = 12. 13.00 -22. MEMB INCI .00 0. 0.33 -3.00 0.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .33 -3.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 0.33 0.21 -44.00 0. 15. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER . 4. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5.00 -3.00 0. 11. 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C. 5. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1.00 0. MEMB LOAD . Intl.00 44.00 3.MAX BENDING = 44.44 22.00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.44 -44. 4 20.Part II – Verification Problems 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.33 0. 6. 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . 9.7 MB 18. . 2.33 3. 3. EXMEM = 568.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 20. . STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. IZ 0.00 0. 2 UNI Y -2.33 20. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 -20.00 44.44 3 1 3 4 20.8 MB. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. .00 0.00 0. 20.0/ 3123.4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 . 8.44 2 1 2 3 3. 2 0.00 0.00 0. 20.00 0. 16. 14. 12.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 -20. 10. MCCORMACK.21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19. 17.00 0.00 0. 7. 3 20.00 0. FINISH .

REFERENCE: McCormack.5 in2. “Structural Analysis. page 271. 3rd edition.63 2. 1975. example 18 .15 Verification Problem No. GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2. 7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection.. J. AX 7-8 =1. in. C. AX 12-13 = 4 in2. Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2.63 None . AX 5-6 = 2 in2.2.” Intext Educational Publishers. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure. AX 9-11 = 3 in2.

6.18000 0. 28.00000 0.Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 23.00000 0.00000 0. Intl.5 .5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0. 15. 5. 12.63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15. 3. 2 3 4 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.24000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. ANSWER . PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2.00000 0.12000 -0. 7 8 PRI AX 1.00000 0. 22. 8 45.89516 -2.8 MB.00000 0. 7. 20. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK. 10. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 13.00000 0.0/ 3123.00000 0.00000 0. 7. 15.00000 0.83516 0.00000 0.63033 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00000 0. 25. 3 4 8 .24000 -0.00000 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0. 27.00000 0.00000 -0.29758 0. 4 4 5 .00000 . 19.00000 0.00000 0. 7 30. 21. 26. 8 3 8 . 14. 8. 7.0 5 6 PRIS AX 2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.48000 -0.00000 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31. 9 3 7 10 1 6 . 2.72000 -0. 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1. 9.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 7 3 6 . . 16. CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 4. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 29. 11. EXMEM = 568. 11 5 8 .12000 -0.06578 0. 24.7 MB 30. 12 13 PRI AX 4. 5 1 2 6 2 3 .0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 11 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 17.5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3. 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20.00820 0. 18.00000 0.

. “Structural Analysis.” Intext Educational Publishers. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment. 3rd edition.6. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69. problem 22 . 8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. C.40 69. 1975. page 385. J.17 Verification Problem No. REFERENCE: McCormack. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure.44 Small .

00 69.74 -3. 3 30 30 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY. EXMEM = 568. 15. 14. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. FINISH .74 0.00 0. . 7. Intl. 2. 8. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 0.8 MB.00 0.00 0.00 0. 10.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.74 -3. 6.74 0. 16. 20. 18. 12. 5. 17.00 0.0/ 3123.09 9. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11. 21.00 0. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK. DISK SPACE = 12. 9.91 -9.34 -69.00 -5.44 -66. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30.66 45.4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.09 -20.00 66.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 3.66 3 1 3 4 9. 10.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .91 0.00 0. 2 0 30 . 19. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6. 4.44 2 1 2 3 3.74 20. * ANSWER .74 3.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.09 -3. 13. 10. 3.00 0.00 0.7 MB 22.

19

Verification Problem No. 9
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads
in a 1x2 bay plane frame.

REFERENCE: McCormack, J. C., “Structural Analysis,” Intext
Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 388,
example 22 - 7.
PROBLEM:

GIVEN:

Determine the maximum moment in the frame.

E and I same for all members.

COMPARISON:
Moment, Kip-ft
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

MMax
176.40
178.01
0.91%

Part II – Verification Problems

20

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STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9
*
* MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.
* REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK,
* PAGE 388, PROB 22-7. ANSWER - MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.4 K-F
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 ; 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4 ; 5 3 4 ; 6 5 6
MEMB PROP
1 TO 6 PRI AX .2 IZ .1
CONSTANT
E 4176E3
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 2 FIXED
LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
3 FX 20 ; 5 FX 10
PERFORM ANALYS

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
6/
6/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
3/
3/
9 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB
22. PRINT FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
3

-22.26
22.26

15.06
-15.06

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

178.01
123.16

2

1

2
4

22.26
-22.26

14.94
-14.94

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

176.73
122.10

3

1

3
5

-6.51
6.51

4.97
-4.97

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

34.49
64.93

4

1

4
6

6.51
-6.51

5.03
-5.03

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

35.34
65.24

5

1

3
4

9.91
-9.91

-15.75
15.75

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-157.65
-157.44

6

1

5
6

5.03
-5.03

-6.51
6.51

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-64.93
-65.24

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
23. FINISH

21

Verification Problem No. 10
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum axial force and moment due to
load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame.

REFERENCE: Weaver Jr., W., “Computer Programs for Structural
Analysis,” page 146, problem 8.
PROBLEM:

Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the
space structure.

GIVEN:

E = 30E3 ksi,
AX = 11 in2
IX = 83 in4
IY = 56 in4
IZ = 56 in4

COMPARISON:

Solution
Reference
STAAD
Difference

FMax (kips)
1.47
1.47
None

MY,Max (kip-in)
84.04
84.04
None

MZ,Max (kip-in)
95.319
96.120
Small

Part II – Verification Problems

22

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STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10
*
* REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
* BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO. 8.
* ANSWER - MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.47 (MEMB 3)
* MAX BEND-Y= 84.04, BEND-Z= 95.319 (BOTH MEMB 3)
*
UNIT INCH KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 120 0 ; 2 240 120 0
3 0 0 0 ; 4 360 0 120
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 ; 2 3 1 ; 3 2 4
MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. IX 83. IY 56. IZ 56
CONSTANT ; E 30000. ALL
POISS .25 ALL
SUPPORT
3 4 FIXED
LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD
JOINT LOAD
1 FX 2. ; 2 FY -1. ; 2 MZ -120.
PERFORM ANAL

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
4/
3/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
2/
2/
12 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB

24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
1
2
3
4

1
1
1
1

0.22267
0.22202
0.00000
0.00000

0.00016
-0.48119
0.00000
0.00000

-0.17182
-0.70161
0.00000
0.00000

-0.00255
-0.00802
0.00000
0.00000

0.00217
0.00101
0.00000
0.00000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
3
4

1
1

-1.10
-0.90

-0.43
1.43

0.22
-0.22

48.78
123.08

-17.97
47.25

Z-ROTAN
-0.00213
-0.00435
0.00000
0.00000

MOM Z
96.12
-11.72

23

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP INCH
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

0.90
-0.90

-0.43
0.43

0.22
-0.22

22.71
-22.71

-17.97
-34.18

-36.37
-67.36

2

1

3
1

-0.43
0.43

1.10
-1.10

0.22
-0.22

-17.97
17.97

-48.78
22.71

96.12
36.37

3

1

2
4

1.47
-1.47

-0.71
0.71

-0.48
0.48

-37.02
37.02

15.69
84.04

-53.28
-95.32

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

25. FINISH

Part II – Verification Problems

24

NOTES

25

Verification Problem No. 11
OBJECTIVE:

A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one
steel wire. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in
temperature.

REFERENCE: Timoshenko, S., “Strength of Materials,” Part 1, D. Van
Nostrand Co., 3rd edition, 1956, page 30, problem 9.
PROBLEM:

Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid,
determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the
temperature rise is 10º F.

GIVEN:

Esteel = 30E6 psi, Ecopper = 16E6 psi
αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F, αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F
AX = 0.1 in2

MODELLING HINT:

Assume a large moment of inertia for the
horizontal rigid member and distribute of the
concentrated load as uniform.

COMPARISON:
Stress (σ), psi
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

σSteel
19695
19698
Small

σCopper
10152
10151
Small

19.15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 . * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.8 MB. 14. PAGE 30. 20. 4. 9. 0. 2 5.NO. 20. 4 5 PRI AX 1. 8. THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR IS 1. 11. .1 .VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 10 **NOTE** STAAD DETECTS INSTABILITIES AS EXCESSIVE LOSS OF SIGNIFICANT DIGITS DURING DECOMPOSITION. 23. . 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD . 3. 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN. 17. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1). 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE . 20. PROB 9. 10. 4 0.6 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN. MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . 1 2 3 TEMP 10. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 10 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. TEMP LOAD . 5. Intl. 21. 16. WHEN A DECOMPOSED DIAGONAL IS LESS THAN THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR TIMES THE ORIGINAL STIFFNESS MATRIX DIAGONAL. 22. 7.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 6 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 6. 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 20. 5 5. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.4 5 UNI Y -400.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.000E-09 THE ABOVE CONDITIONS COULD ALSO BE CAUSED BY VERY STIFF OR VERY WEAK ELEMENTS AS WELL AS TRUE SINGULARITIES. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. 0. 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0.NO.0000004E+03 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS . 6 10. 3 10.0/ 3123. 18. CONSTANT . . DISK SPACE = 12. 12. 13. STAAD PRINTS A SINGULARITY NOTICE. 1 2 3 SUPPORT . E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19695 PSI AND 10152 PSI.Part II – Verification Problems 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6. 1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. EXMEM = 568. . 3 ***WARNING . 2.NO. 24. IZ 100. .

0 0.0 0.8 10150.8 T 10150.0 0. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 0.0 0.0 3.00 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.0 0.8 10150.0 3.4 1522.0 3 1 .0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.27 25.0 0.3 T 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.3 T 19698.00 10150.0 1.8 T 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 1.0 4 1 .8 0.0 5 1 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 10150.6 1477. FINISH .0 0.0 1.0 0.0 2 1 .0 1477.8 1522.3 0.0 0.0 3.00 19698.0 10150.0 0.8 0.8 T 0.0 0.0 1.3 19698.8 T 10150.0 0.0 0.0 19698.0 10150.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.

Part II – Verification Problems 28 NOTES .

12 0. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 30° 30° L=180” A=0.29 Verification Problem No. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses. problem 2.. 1956. D.5 in2 L=180” A=0. Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000. Van Nostrand Co. None δA 0.” Part 1. 10000. Inc. S. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).12 None . psi and Deflection (δ). in. “Strength of Materials.5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0.. 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss. 3rd edition. page 10.5 in2..

* THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK .5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0.00000 Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS Z-TRANS 0.00000 0. 10.88457 -90. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 0 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 10000. 16. . 13. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD . 7.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.0 T 10000.0 10000.0 0.0 T 0. 12. 3. EXMEM = 568.0 2 1 .00000 0.0 0.00000 -0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 2 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 17. MEMB INCI .0 0.00000 0. 2 FY -5000.0 T 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 20.12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.0 0. 6. 14.0 0.00000 0. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 10000.00000 0. 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0.Part II – Verification Problems 30 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 9.6 MB 21. DISK SPACE = 12.00 10000. .00000 Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.76914 0. 0.00000 0. 3 311.7 MB.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. DEFLECTION = 0. 4. Intl.00000 0.0 1.15 ALL SUPPORT . PAGE 10 PROB 2. 8. 19.00000 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 X-TRANS 1 1 1 0.0 0. FINISH .0 1. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO.0 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 5.0/ 3123.0 0.0 T 10000. 11. 2.12000 0.0 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0. 15.00000 0.0 10000. 2 155.0 0.00 10000. 18.

582 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Hand 1.916 . 7 = W16X36.668 1.119 . Memb 9 = L50506 SOLUTION COMPARISON: Governing ratios for the members Member No.117 0.31 Verification Problem No. Y 15 k (WL) 2k/ft (DL + LL) 5 5 5' 2 6 7 9 8 3 10' 6 7 8 4' 4 4 16' 11' 1 3 2 1 X Members 1.914 Calculation 1.1576 .025 . PROBLEM: Determine the allowable stresses (per 1989 AISC code) for the members of the structure as shown in figure. 4 = W14X43 Members 5.823 STAAD. 13 TYPE: Steel Design.936 .579 1. REFERENCE: Attached step by step hand calculation as per 1989 AISC ASD code.823 1. Ninth Edition.936 . Memb 8= L40404.668 1. 6. Also. PRO 1.157 . Members 3. 2 = W12X26.117 0.024 . perform a code check for these members based on the results of the analysis.119 .

65 = 3. so F’ez = 276.466 sq. a = 7.1817 ksi [Clause F1-8 page 5-47 10 x 12 x (12.268 15.38 ksi (Table C-36 page 3-16 of manual) fa = 25. page 5-54 of Manual. fb = 56.49*0.in.38 = 2.85 x 20.38 + 0.0 = 20.31 = 1.5 x 12/33.078 (1-3. L c = 6.8. page 5-54 of Manual 3.22/2.5 k-ft Area of compressive flange = 6. ninth edition.39 = 20.54 ksi Try formula H1-1.238.31 = 1./7.1576 20. Allowable bending stress = F b = 12. Steel Design Member 1.466) of Manual] (kl/r)y = 120/1. 3.39 in 3 From clause F1-2. x 1000 x 1.0 kip (compression). Mz = 56.5038 = 79.54) x 20.. Size W 12X26.31 ksi (kl/r)z = 120/5. page 5-45 of Manual.1576 .6 x 36 20.268. Sz = 33. L = 10 ft.65 in 2 .268 + 0.85 ft.Part II – Verification Problems 32 VERIFICATION PROBLEM 13 HAND CALCULATION Manual / Code refers to AISC Manual of Steel Construction.1817 Try formula H1-2. so Fa = 15.1639 = 23.268/276. Fx = 25.1817 Therefore formula H1-2 governs and ratio = 1. From observation Load case 1 will govern. Allowable Stress Design.

fb = 56.39 in 3 From observation load case 1 will govern.19 23. fb = 112.39 = 20.65 in 2 .. Sz = 62.15.71/7. Size W12X26. Fx = 8.024.31 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0..8548 = 0.65 = 1.173 x 12/62.5 x 12/33. a = 7. Mz = 112.5 kip (compression).69.8941 = 69. L = 5 ft.50 k-ft Since L is less than L c (6. Fb = 0. L c = 8.5038 = 39.71 kip (compression).6 ksi (kl/r)y = 132/1.7 in 3 From observation load case 3 will govern. Size W14X43. Mz = 56.5/12.33 Member 2.19 ksi Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual fa = 8. Sz = 33.1385 + 20.66x36 = 23.90. L = 11ft. page 5-54 of Manual 1.76 Member 3. so Fa = 19. use formula H1-3.66 = 21.48 ksi since fa/Fa less than 0.46 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 25.85ft) [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual] Fb = 0.0593 + .76 ksi (Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual) (kl/r)y = 60/1. a = 12.15.1385.6 = 2.31 = . Therefore.4 ft.6 x 36 = 21. apply formula H1-3. page 5-45 of Manual.6 in 2 . page 5-54 of Manual . so Fa = 16.9141 19.173 k-ft Refering to clause F1-2. Fx = 25.

76 ksi (kl/r)y = 60.Part II – Verification Problems 34 2.23 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 14.173 k-ft L c = 8. load case 3 will govern.02 kip (compression).6 = 1. L = 4ft.47. Fx = 14.6 Member 4. Mz =57. a = 10. [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual./1.6 in 2 .66 = 21.37 ft.6 = 0.46 21.32.76 Member 5.75 kip (tension). page 5-55 of Manual.904 = 0. load case 3 will govern.12 ksi . Sz = 62.75/12.032 + 0.76 ksi [Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual] f a = 8. so Fa = 19.6 in 2 .49 in 3 L c =7. a = 12.6 x 36 21.694 + 0.73x12/62.02/10.52 = 39.994 = 1. Sz = 56. 0.04 k-ft Since L is less than L c . fb = 57. use formula H 2-1. Size W16X36.694. f b = 112.936 23.117 16.123 + 0. From observation. Mz = 112. Fx = 8.66 x 36 = 23.024 + 21.04 x 12/56.48 ksi Combined tension and bending. L = 5ft.4 ft Since L is less than L c Fb = 0.66 x 36 = 23. Size W14X43.5 = 12.48 = 0.7 in 3 From observation. Fb = 0.48 = 0.

5203 = 126.229 sqrt(510. Forces at midspan are Fx = 5.062 = 1.15 use formula [H1-3.25 ksi (Kl/r)y = 192/1.65 kip (compression).25 k-ft From Chapter F of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.14 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0. so Fa = 9. L = 16ft.02 L/r T = 192/1.12 = 0.76 Member 6.510 = 0.000C b /F y) =53.6 in 2 .36 + 15.49 in 3 From observation.36 [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 5.6 = 0. page 5-47 of Manual) [(2/3) – 36*107. with Cb = 1.14/14.65/10.15.26*107.35 Since fa/Fa less than 0. specs. page 5-54 of Manual 1. sqrt(102.26 < 119.0. page 5-54 of Manual] 0.119 .32 + 19.02 Therefore F b (as per F1-6.057 + 1.26/(1530.25x12/56.000C b /F y) =119.579 23.26 53.29. Mz = 71.229 < 107..25 = 0. load case 1 will govern. use formula H1-3. fb = 71. Sz = 56. a = 10.533/9.23 12.533.79 = 107.000)]*36 = 14. Size W16X36.069 + 0.49 = 15.

00447*(4/0. M z = 62.60 Ksi [Clause F15.49 = 13.9108*36)) = 132. Fx = 24.37ft (Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual) From observation load case 3 will govern. Qs = 1.76 Member 8. Choosing the larger of above 2 values.071 x 12 = 106.6in 2 .0*pi*pi*29000/(0. Sz =56. Fb = 23. Since section is in tension.6027 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) .60X36 = 21.0.66 Fy = 23.) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.73 0.96 k-ft From Clause F1-1. L =4ft.37 Since combined tension and bending. 2. Fa = 11.795 is less than Cc.96X12/56.105 + 0.49in 3 Lc = 7. page 5-55 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.06/10. a = 1.25)*sqrt(36) = 0.9108 sqrt(2.specs. fb = 62. Fb = 0.6677 0.2698.Part II – Verification Problems 36 Member 7.9108 Qa = 1.1241 Kl/r = 7.0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2.34 – 0.37 = 0. Size W16X36. page5-45 of Manual].071 ft. use formula H 2-1.2698 + 13.06 kip (tension).5627 = 0. Size L4x4x1/4. Hence. a = 10. L = 7. Fb = 0.76 ksi = allowable compressive stress.04 kip (Comp.94 in 2 From observation load case 1 will govern.76 Ksi fa = 24.6 x 36 23. specs.6 = 2. Fx = 23. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.

Hence.024 Member 9. L = 5.61 in 2 From observation.9824 Qa = 1.0*pi*pi*29000/(0.57 0.0.657 x 12 = 68. Size L5x5x3/8.94 = 11.602 = 1.9824 sqrt(2.301 = 0.37 Actual compressive stress fa = 23.375)*sqrt(36) = 0.823 .0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.301 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) Actual compressive stress fa = 48. Ratio = fa/Fa = 11. Qs = 1.44/3.9824*36)) = 127.34 – 0. Fa = 16.44 kip (Comp. load case 1 governs.418/16.) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.04/1.2238 (Kl/r)min = 5.657 ft.specs.876/11.876 ksi Therefore. a = 3.418 ksi Therefore Ratio = fa/Fa = 13. Fx = 48.61 = 13.99 is less than Cc.00447*(5/0.

2 MB 2 20 27.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0. 16. 7 8 6 .00 0.00 0. 14.52 -3.71 15.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0/ 40242.00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 11.00 0.00 0.05 -1.00 62. 8 9 CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . Intl.00 -5.20 -10. 6 7 8 . DISK SPACE = 12. 6 25 15 .71 -8. 7.00 0.00 0. 22. 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DL + LL MEMB LOAD . 15.00 0.00 -25.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 25.00 112. 1 0. 2 25 0 . * UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.77 2. 8 TA ST L40404 . 25.00 0.17 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 .00 0. 9.00 0.20 0. 9 4 8 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 TA ST W12X26 .65 1. 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 56. 7 5 15 .00 0. 5. 8 3 7 . 2.64 -2. 19.0 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD . 3 2 4 .00 0.00 0.77 0. 3 4 TA ST W14X43 5 6 7 TA ST W16X36 .50 0.00 10.29 -10.00 0.00 0. 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 26.00 -56.00 0.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 28. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. 9 TA ST L50506 MEMB TRUSS .00 -25. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13 * * THIS DESIGN EXAMPLE IS VERIFIED BY HAND CALCULATION * FOLLOWING AISC-89 CODE.15 0.52 3 5 3 5 8.00 -12.00 0. 4 25 11 5 0 15 .00 0. 8. 8 21 15 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 . 3 0 10 . 5 FX 15. 23. 21. 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 10.75 2 0.34 2 4 2 4 25. 5 6 7 UNI Y -2. 20.00 0.00 0. 6. 17.83 10. LOAD COMB 3 .00 12.50 -3.Part II – Verification Problems 38 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.64 -10. 4.50 5.00 0. 3.00 25.65 5. 2 3 5 . 4 4 6 5 5 7 .83 -15. 12. 18.65 -5.00 0.50 -25.

0 AX= 7.00 0.00 17.4 SY= 5.65 -5.00 0.00 0.18 | | FTZ= 21.00 -112.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.75 -12.00 0.00 0.50 -8.00 0.50 0.00 0.7 CB= 1.61 FT= 21.96 -15.33 0.00 0.00 0.39 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.H1-3 1.41 0.00 4.50 -6.00 0.65 10. L= 60.00 0.60 SZ= 62.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 C 0.04 -62.00 0.00 0.06 24.00 0.3| | KL/R-Y= 39.00 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 SZ= 33.00 FC= 18.00 0.00 3.50 14.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.16 -26.00 0.00 0.76 | | FTZ= 23.7 SY= 11.00 0.02 -14.00 0.34 57.00 -15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 FT= 21.00 -62.00 0.06 1.00 0.00 0.04 -23.00 0.00 56.25 -0.60 FCY= 27.76 FCY= 27.0 ALL 32.0 AX= 7.60 FV= 14.00 YLD= 36.96 8 6 8 6 -12.50 10.00 0.00 0.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * 1 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 0.00 0.00 FC= 15.00 0.20 15.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.85 12.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.71 C 0.00 0.17 15.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 FTY= 27.65 SZ= 33.85 -24.00 0.50 C 0.17 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.64 14.29 15.H1-2 1.26 FT= 21.00 0.00 0.60 FV= 14.00 0.00 0.95 3 7 3 7 23.00 0.16 48.76 -112.00 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29. UNIT KIP-INCH.95 5 7 5 7 -10.85 12.75 0.00 0.50 19.00 0.00 0.75 8.3| | KL/R-Y= 69.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 FTY= 27.00 0.00 YLD= 36.83 -8. TRACK 1.00 0.916 1 8.64 10.20 -10.00 0.06 24.0 AX= 12.00 0.75 -57.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 0.00 0. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.157 1 25.00 FC= 16.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 3 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 0.04 7 8 7 8 5.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.3| | KL/R-Y= 79.4 SY= 5.00 0.00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 20.50 6.75 -8. PARAMETER 30.00 0. L= 132.8 CB= 1.00 0.00 0.9 CB= 1.29 15.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 0.H1-3 0.41 5.71 1.00 0.85 -24.44 -48.117 3 25.02 8.00 0. L= 120.76 62.60 FV= 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.KIP FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 6.00 0.00 YLD= 36.00 0.25 3.00 FTY= 27.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 4 8 4 8 26.04 -5.00 0.50 0.00 0.75 -10.00 0.15 10.60 FCY= 27.00 0. CODE AISC 31.

936 3 8.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.H2-1 0.61 SZ= 1.25 | | FTZ= 21.00 YLD= 36.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------33.H2-1 0.668 3 24.00 FC= 9.3| | KL/R-Y= 25. UNIT KIP-INCH.04 C 0. L= 84.00 FTY= 27.H1-3 0.H1-3 1.00 0.00 0.00 FC= 18. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 SZ= 56.02 C 0.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.60 FV= 14.75 T 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.17 0.00 FTY= 0.65 C 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.76 | | FTZ= 23.25 8.76 FCY= 27.60 FCY= 27.00 YLD= 36.0 AX= 12.60 FV= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 YLD= 36.60 SZ= 62.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 8 ST L40404 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.00 FTY= 27.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 FCY= 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.87 FT= 21.H1-1 1.06 T 0.00 FC= 16.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 YLD= 36.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.60 FV= 14.00 FC= 11.582 3 14. L= 48.5 SY= 7.44 C 0.60 FV= 14.H1-1 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.76 FCY= 27.39 FT= 21.8 SY= 3.3 CB= 1.119 1 5.00 FCY= 0.00 FTY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 14.5 SY= 7. UNIT KIP-INCH.0| | KL/R-Y= 126.00 | | FTZ= 0. L= 48.00 -71.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.= 69.0| | KL/R-Y= 31.30 FT= 21.5 SY= 7.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 6 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.00 0.00 FTY= 27. L= 192.00 0.00 FC= 20.025 1 23.00 YLD= 36.823 3 48.76 FCY= 27.0| | KL/R-Y= 39.9 AX= 3. FINISH .96 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.8 SY= 1.94 SZ= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.00 -57.5 CB= 1.7 SY= 11.0 AX= 10.3 CB= 1.60 FV= 14.00 FC= 18.36 FT= 21.60 FT= 21.Part II – Verification Problems 40 ALL UNITS ARE .00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4.26 FT= 21.7 CB= 0.60 SZ= 56.60 FV= 0.0 AX= 10.04 5.6 CB= 1.00 -112.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST L50506 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.0 CB= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 62.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 SZ= 56. L= 60.00 | | FTZ= 0.0 AX= 10.00 YLD= 36.7| | KL/R.9 AX= 1. L= 67.9| | KL/R.= 106.76 | | FTZ= 23.

521. 14 TYPE: Concrete design as per ACI code.792 sq. REFERENCE: CRSI Handbook and Notes on ACI-318 from ACI. SOLUTION COMPARISON: ACI notes CRSI Handbook STAAD Area of Steel in beam 2.01% 4. column 14 x 16 inch.09% required 4.in Area of Steel in column X 4. PROBLEM: A plane frame is created with such loading as to create 138 Kip-Ft moment on beam and 574 Kip of axial load coupled with above moment on column.in.78 sq.32 k 521.23% provided .268 k / ft 2 2 3 1 3 1 15' 4 20' GIVEN: Size of beam is 10 x 16 inch.32 k 5. X 2.41 Verification Problem No.

26. 14.00 0.00 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 13.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 574. 9. 2 0.00 -574.69 0. 2.0 MEMB 2 FYMAIN 60. 3 3 4 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTY 1 3 PRISMATIC YD 16. .69 -13. 27.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 42 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.68 0.1 MB 2 6 23.0 ALL CLB 1.0/ 40242. 4 20. 5. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 22. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 20. 15. 30.00 137.00 137. 13. 8. .00 -574. 0. 19.00 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .68 52. UNIT INCH START CONC DESIGN CODE ACI 1999 TRACK 1. Intl. 25.87 -137. 3 20.32 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -5. 2 2 3 . . 6. 10.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.00 0. 3. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 11.69 13.268 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.44 -137. 29.87 67.00 0.00 0.4375 ALL DESIGN BEAM 2 . CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 4 FIXED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE JOINT LOAD 2 3 FY -521. 12.00 -67. 28. 17.87 3 1 3 4 574. ZD 10. 16.00 -13. 15. 2 PRISM YD 16.69 52.00 0.00 0. 7. 18.00 0.44 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 0. 21. 15.87 2 1 2 3 13.0 ALL FC 4. 4. ZD 14. 31.69 -13.00 0.00 0.69 0.

IN. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2. ROW=0. 20. REQD.00 X 16.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 33. IN.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY . MAX. STEEL = 2.48 IN2. 0.10.4000 PSI. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 . FT.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT. LOADING 1 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED.TO 240. 2 DESIGN RESULTS .00 FT.4000. FC .17 inch^4 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED. REQD. IN.164 SQ. IN.52 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 1837. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2. FINISH .73 INCH | | REQD. LOADING 1 ___ 2J____________________ 240.0214 ROWMN=0. SIZE .16/ 2.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.AXIAL + BENDING FY .00 X 16.X 10. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.87 KIP-FT.14. | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | | | |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 32.54/ 4.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137. TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 9. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-5/8 2-NUM. RECT SIZE .00FT.60000.00 INCHES.232 1 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 14.53 KIP-FT AT 10.0185. ROWMX=0.792 IN2.10 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 125.43 ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO.792 IN2. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 48. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2.00 IN END 0.X 16_____________________ 3J____ | | | | | | | | | 2#10H 3. 1 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 . FT.87 KIP-FT.60000 FC . END CONC DESIGN 34.NUMBER 8 4. DESIGN COLUMN 1 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO. STEEL = 2. MAX.

this does not mean that it is impossible to come up with a bar arrangement. If all the permissible bar sizes are exhausted. However. the user may be able to satisfy the requirement by mixing bars of various diameters.Part II – Verification Problems 44 NOTES STAAD reports that it is unable to find a suitable bar arrangement to satisfy the reinforcement requirement for the negative moment at the two ends of beam 2. it uses only bars of the same size. . For example. 3 # 11 bars and 2 # 10 bars may satisfy the requirement. the program reports that it could not come up with a bar arrangement. The program is not equipped with facilities to come up with such combinations of bar sizes. When STAAD looks for a bar arrangement. However. If an arrangement is not possible with that bar. it tries with the next larger bar size. It begins with the bar size corresponding to the parameter MINMAIN.

45 NOTES .

Part II – Verification Problems 46 .

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