A M E R I C A N E X A M P L E S M A N UA L

STAAD.Pro 2006

AMERICAN EXAMPLES MANUAL

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad
Part Number: DAA037020-1/0001

STAAD.Pro 2006 is a suite of proprietary computer programs
of Research Engineers, a Bentley Solutions Center. Although
every effort has been made to ensure the correctness of these
programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake,
error or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of
these programs.

RELEASE 2006
© 2006 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Published March, 2006

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilities to enable this task.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented using
lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triangular and
quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick elements.
These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties, orient cross
sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber, aluminum, specify
supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program generate loads, design
parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, and dynamic response (spectrum, time history,
steady state, etc.).
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and shear
walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate and
solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third-party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users to link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with perhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed book
to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials : This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual
This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved using the STAAD
engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and design problems
commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment
This document contains a detailed description of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) of
STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model generation, structural analysis and
design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual
This manual deals with the theory behind the engineering calculations made by the
STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation of the commands available in the
STAAD command file.
International Design Codes
This document contains information on the various Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum
design codes, of several countries, that are implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

In this dialog box. choose Open STAAD Editor.3 and 1. .iii To access the built-in editor. You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following figure.4 of the Getting St arted manual. first start the program and follow t he steps explained in Sections 1.

You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2006\staad\examp\us where "X:" is the drive. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual. and so on. For your convenience. examp08. . the editor screen will open as shown below. the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD.std for example 8. namely. and "spro2006" is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation.iv At this point. examp01.std for example 1. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands).

Then. or. as shown below. They too are installed along with the examples.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject. open the file you are interested in. To view their contents in the editor. . and choose Edit Input Command File. go to the Edit menu. click on the STAAD editor icon.

. select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window).vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor.

3 25 Example Problem No. 14 129 Example Problem No. 16 155 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No. 8 67 Example Problem No. 4 33 Example Problem No. 12 111 Example Problem No. 18 173 Example Problem No. 15 141 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No. 2 17 Example Problem No. 10 89 Example Problem No. 13 121 Example Problem No. 17 163 Example Problem No. 20 191 .Table of Contents Part I . 19 181 Example Problem No. 9 79 Example Problem No.Example Problems Example Problem No. 11 99 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No.

2 3 Verification Problem No. 25 245 Example Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 9 19 Verification Problem No. 8 17 Verification Problem No.Example Problem No. 24 229 Example Problem No. 7 15 Verification Problem No. 26 255 Example Problem No. 27 265 Example Problem No. 11 25 Verification Problem No. 10 21 Verification Problem No. 23 217 Example Problem No. 12 29 . 5 11 Verification Problem No. 22 207 Example Problem No. 6 13 Verification Problem No. 3 5 Verification Problem No.Verification Problems Verification Problem No. 29 297 Part II . 21 197 Example Problem No. 28 277 Example Problem No. 1 1 Verification Problem No.

14 41 . 13 31 Verification Problem No.Verification Problem No.

.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

5 . 3 .Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No.This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure. 3) Example problem No. 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). 2 .This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. 2) Example problem No.Plane frame with steel design.A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 4 . 5) Example problem No.This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). Since member sizes change during the member selection. load/area of floor).e. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. 4) Example problem No.A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. member selection is requested. 6 . . After one analysis. 6) Example problem No. 1 . In this example.

13 .Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. 8 . During this process. The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. 12 . 9) Example problem No.Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis.7) Example problem No.This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. Design of an element is performed. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. 9 . 10) Example problem No. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns.A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements.In this example. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. 12) Example problem No. 8) Example problem No. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall.This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. . 7 . Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. 11 . the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. 10 . To avoid looking into a lot of output. 11) Example problem No.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. 13) Example problem No. The combined results are then used for steel design. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure.

This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 21 . 21) Example problem No. 19) Example problem No.A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities. 16) Example problem No. 14 . The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports.14) Example problem No. 17 . 18) Example problem No. and we examine those in this example.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. 20) Example problem No. member end forces and support reactions are determined. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously.This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. The maxima of the joint displacements. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 15) Example problem No. The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. 20 .A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. . 15 .Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses.This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. 17) Example problem No. 18 . 19 . 16 .

23) Example problem No. 29 . 24 .22) Example problem No. 28) Example problem No. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. The structure consists of piers. Time History analysis is performed on this model. 22 . This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. 27) Example problem No.This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. once for each primary load case. 29) Example problem No.The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. 25) Example problem No. 23 . Since the structural condition is load dependent.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. Using the masterslave command. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members.A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading. 24) Example problem No. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. 28 . the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. 25 .This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade.Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example.This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. 27 . 26) Example problem No. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. 26 . . the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified.

NOTES .

6k/ft (WL) 5 4 6 5 1 7 6 W14 x 90 3 20' W14 x 90 2 1 X 1 .Example Problem 1 Example Problem No. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.9 (LL) 16 14 12 W18 x 35 9 14 8 20 7 10 16 15 9 21 11 W10 x 49 15 9' 12 13 18 19 17 13 22 23 10 35k (LL) 15k 2 0. After one analysis.0 (WL) k/ft 0. Since member sizes change during the member selection. 1 Plane frame with steel design. member selection is requested. Y 15' 15' 1.2k/ft (LL) W21 x 50 Pinned 3 0.9k/ft (LL) 11 8 4 15' 15k 1.

. . 22 10 11 . 15 9 14 . 8 30 35 .3 2 6. 2 30 0 .Part I . UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used. The word ST stands for standard single section. 11 15 16 . 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 16 11 14 .2 3 7. 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. Since this is a plane structure.5 35.4 6 8. 0. 8 7 12 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 . . the Z coordinates need not be provided. 11 15 35 . 12 13 15 . 19 10 13 . 13 25 38 14 10 41 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 13 8 13 14 9 12 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.5 3 4 6 4 5 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 7 5 6 . 12 5. 38.5 35 . 9 7.Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 15 20 41 . 16 15 44 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 . MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TABLE ST W14X90 . Semicolon signs (. 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 Member properties are from the AISC steel table. 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 . 10 22.

000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments. 2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2. Length unit is changed from FEET to INCH to facilitate the input. PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 3 . This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). strong axis moment) at node 3. ALL DEN 0. See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss. SUPPORT 1 FIXED . POISSON.e. MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis. etc.

Part I . 6 UNI GY -1.Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated long with an accompanying title. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction.9 . Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads.75 . the factor of -1. Loads are applied at nodes 4. JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.0. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1. 8 to 13. 11 FY -35. and. Loads are applied on members 6.0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1.75 2 0.6 . LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0. Since global Y is vertically upward. . is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case. 5 and 11. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.2 Load 1 contains member loads also.0 indicates that this load will act downwards. Load 1 contains joint loads also. CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1.

85 ALL BEAM 1.Example Problem 1 The above command identifies a combination load (case no. This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. etc. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12th point along the member length which by the way is the default too.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF. The RATIO parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0. 3) with a title. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. 5 .0 ALL KY 1. The subsequent line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination.9.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained. KY.

is assigned to all members in the list. the cross sections for members 1. . Hence. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA. GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute.0 ALL RATIO 1. 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three.0 ALL TRACK 1. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity. from among the associated member list. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis. PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping. Hence.0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters.Part I . it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. PARAMETER BEAM 1.0. GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members. The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1.Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis.

7 .Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command. the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. STEEL TAKE OFF The above command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes.

5 35.50 6. 2.INCH ----------------MEMB PROFILE AX/ AY 1 ST W14X90 2 ST W10X49 5 ST W21X50 8 ST W18X35 14 ST L40404 26. 4 6 8 .31 1. 22.63 0. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .67 IZ/ AZ IY/ SZ 999. 19.Part I . 3.14 7.5 35 .Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 1 UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER START END JOINT JOINT 1 5 14 1 3 9 3 4 12 LENGTH (FEET) BETA (DEG) 20. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TA ST W14X90 .40 3.66 510. 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 11 15 35 . ALL DEN 0. 13. 2 30 0 .00 4. 2 3 7 . 13 8 13 14 9 12 .63 4.67 362. 0. 12 5. 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 . .90 94.00 13.000 3. 8 7 12 .72 . 26. 8 30 35 .06 49. 28.51 24.00 142. 9.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90.04 1. 10. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO.10 0. 24. 18.00 3.51 93.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 9 7.85 0. 12. UNIT .92 10.51 5. 10 22. 6.86 1. 19 10 13 .68 1. 3 2 6 .30 57. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 16 11 14 .0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED .00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33.48 15. 11 15 16 . 29. 22 10 11 . 7.30 5. PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES.40 54.79 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ IX/ SY 4. 14.905 0.47 984.70 7. 15 9 14 . 15 20 41 . 17. 32. 12 13 15 .22 0. 11. 5. 23.17 14. 13 25 38 14 10 41 . . 7 5 6 . 16. 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 .40 1. 27. 21.00 0. 38. 30. 31. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 . Intl. 15. 4. 20.39 18. 25.75 272. 8.39 14.00 7.94 0.000 10.

48 -0.00 0. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 48. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1.65 0.71 -39.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 -11.64 0.48 -13.95 10. 6 UNI GY -1.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.05 -52.77 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 9 .00 0.51 3.79 -56.00 0.00 0.2 CALCULATE NATURAL FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.88 41.99 -9.00 0.07 2 6 2 6 58.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 49.99 55.NO.00 0. 44.17 -53.00 70. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 1 34.00 0.00 0.48 -10.00 0.45 -17.00 0. 38.00 0.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15.21727 INCH GLO X.00 -3.00 -61.00 0. 40.0/ 40264.6 .46 -10.16 6.94 -30.00 0.35 -5.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 54. 45.27 99.00 102.4 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 18.82 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.99 0.00 0.48 3.00 0. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.75 2 0. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN. 41.96 3 7 3 7 33.00 0.43 -41.00 0.51 0. 37.00 0.91 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.71 -60.36 -2. 47.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.26 40. 35.9 .00 0.00 0. 43.00 0.00 0.81 -33. 11 FY -35.00 0.00 0. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.14 105. 36.90 -28.00 0.00 -5.48 5.00 0.48 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6 8 6 8 31.00 59.00 -2. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.00 0.02 0. 46.00 0.73 21.NO.66 -30.00 40.66 13. .13870 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 1.00 3 4 3 4 -3.00 0.99 0.00 0.66 0.00 181.00 -21.00 0.59 31.15 18.07 28.00 0.00 2.71 247. 2 43 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.00 0.15 0.00 23.00 0.NO. 42.00 0. 39.00 0.15 10. DISK SPACE = 12.

00 0.71 0.75 4.44 8.25 -19.33 -5.00 0.94 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -40.02 -44.42 24.68 -36.00 0.00 0.30 5 6 5 6 -3.00 0.58 0.12 99.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.56 15 16 15 16 41.00 0.00 0.00 60.00 0.00 0.23 21.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 14 11 14 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.61 0.01 0.74 -26.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 5 4 5 -3.00 0.60 8.00 0.00 0.00 -56.55 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 -1.01 0.65 -5.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 -36.45 37.00 0.84 -41.53 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.30 -175.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 -60.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -2.00 0.03 -13.00 0.00 0.52 7.00 23.15 -73.00 0.66 11.91 19.31 44.00 0.00 0.64 25.00 0.00 0.48 -10.00 0.27 -23.42 7 12 7 12 36.00 0.00 0.94 -73.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 12 14 12 14 36.00 10 15 10 15 -1.07 25.65 19.62 11.00 0.01 0.00 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 1 3 14 1 3 15 1 3 16 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 57.94 -25.01 0.00 0.00 0.18 -42.00 0.00 -148.00 0.64 3.90 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 44.48 3.00 0.43 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 -1.48 -10.15 10.01 0.00 0.16 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -41.78 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.80 -19.01 0.60 25.01 0.00 0.33 -34.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 10.00 0.00 0.88 -35.00 0.05 -21.00 0.92 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.61 -11.68 36.00 0.01 0.00 0.58 8 13 8 13 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.98 24.00 0.46 -10.01 0.14 27.00 0.00 0.76 5.98 -102.00 0.86 0.41 26.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.10 -40.00 0.77 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -57.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 -5.00 0.00 0.01 0.26 42.67 0.06 -15.98 -99.00 0.00 -181.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -20.00 0.63 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.55 -1.72 0.00 0.48 3.75 34.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 1.00 0.00 10 13 10 13 2.01 0.00 0.58 -60.00 0.46 -2.15 -3.00 0.27 5.78 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 27.00 9 14 9 14 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.18 -44.00 0.73 35.25 2.01 0.63 -37.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -27.00 0.68 -15.64 7.00 0.98 -6.00 0.00 0.26 10.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.15 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 10.55 16.00 0.00 11 15 11 15 -21.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.01 0.26 9 12 9 12 -2.00 0.00 0.62 56.00 0.99 148.00 0.56 13 15 13 15 40.55 -36.00 0.78 22.15 -24.00 0.95 9.72 -27.87 22.91 14 16 14 16 41.00 0.

00 0.776 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -5.46 -14.00 -3.00 0.00 0.53 14. 52.00 0.00 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.00 -181. 56.00 0.85 ALL BEAM 1.756 -70.00 0.43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -61.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.99 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.82 C PASS 31.H1-3 0.86 0.00 0.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.66 C PASS 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 9 11 9 11 -19.32 -19.00 3 0.H1-2 0.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 SELECT ALL STAAD.75 0.53 0.00 0.71 58.02 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.00 0.75 5.00 8 10 8 10 -23. 55.00 0.00 0.05 40.00 0.00 11 .00 0.00 3 20. 53.00 0.820 105.00 0.00 0.00 -18.00 247.88 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.97 19.00 0.17 0.00 0. 57.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.50 21.44 0.02 0.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.46 19.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.H1-3 0.51 54.00 0.07 C 3 ST W14X90 4 ST W14X109 5 ST W24X62 PASS 53.79 55.00 0.71 C 2 ST W12X40 PASS 33.00 0.00 0.870 0.00 0.H2-1 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.44 23.02 0.842 0.02 0.73 247.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 2.97 0.00 0.02 0.00 10 11 10 11 -21.00 0.00 0.48 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 60.00 0.99 3 0. 58.00 0.00 1 15.02 0.02 0.00 1 10.0 ALL KY 1.00 0.32 17.02 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 0. 54.KIP FEET MEMBER 20 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 7 9 7 9 -17.02 0.86 -0.00 0.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 PASS 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .00 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

H1-2 0.848 0.812 0.46 T PASS 21. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61..Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .83 1 5.68 C 10 ST W18X35 PASS 41.00 -56.896 0.00 1 0.755 0.00 1 0..00 99.73 C 12 ST W14X30 13 ST W18X40 14 ST L20203 15 ST L20203 16 ST L25205 PASS 40.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62.64 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.829 0.00 C PASS 26.H1-1 0.00 0.00 3 3.00 0.43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.91 3 0.00 1 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 TABLE ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 175. GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.00 PASS 3.Part I ..831 0.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.862 0.H1-2 0..94 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.826 0.00 0.74 C PASS 5.55 C PASS 36.870 0.48 T 7 ST W24X62 8 ST W16X31 9 ST W14X30 PASS 10.46 T 17 ST L25205 PASS 24.00 73.83 1 5.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.45 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.83 3 0.50 3 10.858 0.H1-1 0.00 1 0. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST W18X40 ) LIST= 8.869 0.H1-3 0.00 3 0.00 59.H1-2 0.42 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.81 3 7.15 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC..00 73.663 0.00 1 7.83 1 5.864 0.847 0.70 C 19 ST L20202 PASS 6.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.H1-2 0..00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.H2-1 0.662 0.H2-1 0..876 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.829 0.00 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0..97 T PASS 19. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63. PERFORM ANALYSIS 23 (ST L30254 ) LIST= 14.832 0.92 T 20 ST L25204 21 ST L25204 22 ST L20205 23 ST L30254 PASS 19.00 0.00 0..00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0..00 0.00 1 5.15 T PASS 36.65 C PASS 1.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.01 T 18 ST L30253 PASS 5. GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST W24X62 ) LIST= 5.81 3 0.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -185.H1-2 0.H1-1 0. GROUP MEMB 5 6 7 4 (ST W14X109 ) LIST= 1.00 60.00 -57..44 T 1 2.00 0.50 T PASS 23. .81 C PASS 24.00 1 0.75 C 11 ST W18X35 PASS 41.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0..

2| | KL/R-Y= 57.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21. PARAMETER BEAM 1.H1-3 0. L= 120.0 ALL TRACK 1. 67.00 YLD= 36.00 63.76 C 108. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FC= 17.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.01 FT= 21.81 10.0 AX= 32.618 3 54.60 | | FTZ= 21.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 -186.2 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.NO.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 15.60 FCY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.60 | | FTZ= 21.20 SZ= 130.NO.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .83 FT= 21.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 13.76 FCY= 27.29 T 0.00 FTY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.00 FC= 17.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.00 SZ= 173. UNIT KIP-INCH.97912 INCH GLO X.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.1 CB= 1.00 20.0 AX= 32. L= 180.60 FV= 14. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.60 FV= 14.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.30 0.00 248.0 AX= 11.88 C 0.85 | | FTZ= 21.60 FCY= 27.34 15.43 0.60 FV= 14.H1-3 0. UNIT KIP-INCH. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 .60 | | FTZ= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.H2-1 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.8 CB= 1.00 FTY= 27.Example Problem 1 ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.68 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.872 3 41.2 CB= 1.H1-2 0.80 SZ= 51.64 FT= 21.00 SZ= 173.0 ALL RATIO 1.70474 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 0.1 CB= 1.H1-3 0. L= 180.60 FCY= 27.16 C -70. L= 240.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------4 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. L= 240.6 SY= 9.38 FT= 21.2| | KL/R-Y= 64.844 3 31. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.38 0.60 FCY= 27.NO.0 AX= 32.60 FV= 14.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.00 FC= 14.0| | KL/R-Y= 93. 68. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.00 YLD= 36.00 SZ= 173. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64.2| | KL/R-Y= 77. 65.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.2 SY= 61. UNIT KIP-INCH.0 AX= 18.9 SY= 11.2 SY= 61.2 SY= 61. 66.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 YLD= 36.76 | | FTZ= 23.0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.865 1 4.00 0.00 YLD= 36.05 C 0.807 1 32. UNIT KIP-INCH. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.

00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.6 SY= 9. L= 70.80 SZ= 68.827 3 10.76 | | FTZ= 23.48 T 0.07 FT= 21.H1-3 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.2 CB= 1.76 FCY= 27. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 120.6 SY= 9.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 FTY= 27.07 FT= 21.4 SY= 6.H1-2 0. L= 70.0 CB= 1.0 AX= 11.0 CB= 1.60 FV= 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.76 FCY= 27.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.60 C 0.0 AX= 18.H1-2 0.4 SY= 6.50 C 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------13 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 -191. L= 70.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------8 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FC= 17.652 1 40.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 13.20 C 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FTY= 27.0 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 14.4 SY= 6.00 YLD= 36.00 YLD= 36. UNIT KIP-INCH.69 C 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.85 | | FTZ= 21.00 -59.00 FTY= 27.38 FT= 21.885 3 27. UNIT KIP-INCH.69 5.00 FTY= 27.60 FV= 14. L= 70.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------12 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.07 FT= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.00 FTY= 27.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FC= 17.29 T 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.79 5.60 FV= 14. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 YLD= 36.653 1 40.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.76 FCY= 27.00 FC= 17.30 2.80 SZ= 68.79 5.0 AX= 11.0 AX= 18.60 FCY= 27.20 SZ= 130.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 101.00 YLD= 36.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .60 FV= 14.20 SZ= 130.60 FV= 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23. UNIT KIP-INCH.4 SY= 6.585 1 36.H1-2 0.76 FCY= 27.00 63.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 14.07 FT= 21.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 10.80 SZ= 68.00 FC= 14.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.H1-2 0.Part I .80 SZ= 68.76 | | FTZ= 23.H1-2 0.00 FC= 17.0 AX= 11.80 SZ= 68.07 FT= 21.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 12.0 AX= 11.886 1 4.00 66.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.4 SY= 6.00 FC= 17.H2-1 0.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.00 FC= 14.00 FTY= 27.0 AX= 11.80 SZ= 68.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.60 FV= 14.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------11 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.H2-1 0.00 YLD= 36.00 FTY= 27.76 FCY= 27.00 FC= 17.2 CB= 1.00 FTY= 27.0 AX= 11.34 0. L= 70.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.49 0.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.76 FCY= 27.73 10.4 SY= 6.07 FT= 21.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.71 5.38 FT= 21.70 C 0.60 FCY= 27.00 66.570 1 34.76 | | FTZ= 23.603 1 34.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 -58.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.85 | | FTZ= 21.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.39 C 0.00 YLD= 36.50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.0 CB= 1.0 CB= 1.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 11.76 | | FTZ= 23. L= 120.00 178. L= 70.0 CB= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.

31 SZ= 0.00 7.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------17 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.0 AX= 1.3 CB= 0.7| | KL/R.00 | | FTZ= 0.1 CB= 0.00 3.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 0.= 178.00 YLD= 36.00 FTY= 0. L= 78.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 20.00 FC= 5.848 1 24.3 SY= 0. L= 93.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 7.9 CB= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 0.00 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------18 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.0 AX= 1.31 SZ= 0.H1-1 0.213 3 6.19 FT= 21.72 FT= 21.11 FT= 21.00 | | FTZ= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.7 AX= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0. L= 90.00 YLD= 36.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------20 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.79 FT= 21.60 FV= 0.3 SY= 0.9 AX= 1.7| | KL/R.631 1 17.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FCY= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.31 SZ= 0.3 SY= 0.00 FTY= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 14. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FTY= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 18.00 YLD= 36. L= 90.7| | KL/R.= 170.558 3 4.04 T 0.00 0.H1-1 0. L= 93.0 CB= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FC= 14.7| | KL/R.00 YLD= 36. UNIT KIP-INCH.155 3 2.00 FCY= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.7 AX= 1.0 AX= 1.60 FV= 0.7| | KL/R.00 FC= 6.1 CB= 0.60 FV= 0.03 T 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 21.31 SZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.00 FC= 14.60 FV= 0.91 T 0.00 FC= 4.93 C 0. L= 46.66 T 0.00 FTY= 0.0 AX= 1.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 FC= 4.9 CB= 0.31 SZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 YLD= 36.3 SY= 0.72 FT= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FTY= 0. L= 46.329 1 2.60 FV= 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 14 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.816 3 23.00 FCY= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------16 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 0.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 | | FTZ= 0.= 148.7| | KL/R.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 17.00 | | FTZ= 0.79 FT= 21.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 15.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------19 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 0.3 SY= 0.91 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 19.31 SZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------21 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 YLD= 36.552 3 15. L= 78.00 FC= 5.60 FV= 0.3 SY= 0.9 AX= 1.00 FTY= 0.00 FCY= 0.31 SZ= 0.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 16.11 FT= 21.00 0.3 SY= 0.H1-1 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.0 CB= 0.89 C 0.00 YLD= 36.= 178.3 CB= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.60 FV= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 .7| | KL/R. UNIT KIP-INCH.= 148.= 90.00 FC= 6.= 90.31 SZ= 0.60 FV= 0.00 0.98 C 0.00 0.00 FTY= 0.= 170.14 T 0.7| | KL/R.3 SY= 0.19 FT= 21.

0 AX= 1.00 FTY= 0.31 SZ= 0.99 66.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE LENGTH(FEET) ST W14X109 ST W12X40 ST W24X62 ST W18X40 ST L30254 PRISMATIC STEEL WEIGHT(KIP ) 55.co.9 CB= 0. L= 90.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.60 FV= 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.653 1 18.402 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.130 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 70.Pro. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.43 0.00 FCY= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 22.977 0.reiusa.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 23.60 FV= 0.0 AX= 1.3 SY= 0.00 FTY= 0.7| | KL/R.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------23 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 YLD= 36.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.11 FT= 21.co.000 ---------------TOTAL = 10.00 FC= 5.45 T 0.00 0.00 5.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.51 T 0.854 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.3 SY= 0.00 15.296 0.00 30.net * ************************************************************ .net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 FCY= 0.00 0.11 FT= 21. L= 90. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 22 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.= 170.00 34.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.= 170.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.9 CB= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------69.686 1 19.00 0.601 1.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .Part I .31 SZ= 0.00 FC= 5.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.7| | KL/R.00 0.

5' 15' 19 21 10 13 17 18 11 12 14 15 14 27 23 5. the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input. the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. Consequently.5' 17 26 19 7' 25 16 15 20 21 17 . The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis. However. 4 x 5' = 20' 2 1 3 2 4 3 4 5 1 20 22 5 7 24 6 7 8 9 28 8 10' 9 10 11 3.5' 13 3. In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads. load/area of floor). Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed.Example Problem 2 Example Problem No.e.

0.Application Examples 18 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. UNIT FT KIP Defines the UNITs for data to follow. 20 0. 16 16. in this case zero.5 0. . . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. . 10. 28. 0. 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 10. 10 13 14 13 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . . 5 7 8 9 . . 35. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 0. 21 20. 10. 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 5 20. 0. the Y coordinates are all the same. 17 20. 2. 25. 10. 0. 18 0. 3. 16 18 20 . Joints between 1 and 5 (i. 0. 9 13. 0. 19 20.e. . 35. 13 0.5 0. Joint number followed by X. 24 4 10 . 25.Part I . 25. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 0. 8 10. 0. 7 5. 28.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 25 . 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). . 15 11. 0. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 17 13 18 . 11 16. 12 20. 10 15. 10. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. . 20 2 7 . . 0. . 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 0. 27 12 17 . 25. Semicolon signs (. 0. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 23 11 16 . 10. 0. 0. 0. Since this is a floor structure. 14 5.

In this case.0 Kips/sq. LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis. strong axis moment) at the start joint.e. POISSON.30 19 . etc. CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0. The word ST stands for standard single section.Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 Member properties are specified from the AISC steel table. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints. SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED The above joints are declared as being restrained for all 6 global degrees of freedom. * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. the W12X26 section is chosen.ft) which is the equivalent of 29000 ksi. E has been assigned as 4176E3 (4176000. This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i.

1 of Technical Reference Manual).0 ALL UNT 1. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.0 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (Table 2.3 kips/sq. UNT and UNB stand for unsupported length for top and bottom flange to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress.Part I . .0 ALL UNB 1. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD. The program converts area loads into individual member loads. Design is to be performed per the specifications of the AISC ASD Code. SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the AISC steel table for the members listed.ft. FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 2.0 ALL DMIN 1.Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection.

16 16. 9.00 5.450 -1. 25. . 0. 18. 7. 0. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.00 0. 17. 0.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL L1 L2 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0. .00 15. 23 11 16 . 28.525 GY -0. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 24. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.500 GY 0. 15. 8 10. 12 20. 19. 10.00 10. 16 18 20 .50 3. 0. 35. 28. 8.30 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 11/ 5/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 2. 25.350 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 21 . 5. 11. 17 13 18 . 20 2 7 . 4. 10. 10.13 10. 5 20.Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 14 5. 10. 17 20. 0. 11 16. . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 0.00 6. 28. .00 15.0/ 40264.50 20. 22. 9 13.500 -1. 27 12 17 . 10. 16. 29.00 0. 10 13 14 13 . . 23.00 -0.750 CON L LIN1 LIN2 -1. 0. 35.00 0. 18 0.5 0.0 MB 6 42 LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD . Intl. 15 11.00 10. .950 -1. 0.00 -1. 24 4 10 . 26. 0. 0. .650 GY -1.00 25.725 GY -1. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 12. . 10.00 5. 6.450 -0.00 20.050 -0. 20. 25 19 21 26 17 19 .00 0. 0. 20 0. 0.450 -0. 25. 0.050 -1. 3. 13 0. 25 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 0.00 10. 0.500 GY -1. 10.00 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . DISK SPACE = 12. .00 -1. 25. 0. 13. 19 20.00 0. 21. 21 20. 28 5 12 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0.5 0. 7 5.00 0. 0. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 10 15.450 -0. 5 7 8 9 .00 0.750 GY 0. 27. 25. 14.00 0.00 0.500 GY -0.

0 ALL DMAX 2.744 0.915 0.797 0.978 0.H1-3 0.00 1 10.0 ALL UNT 1.00 -31.00 -52.00 -102.00 1 7.886 0.00 -18.32 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 6.00 1 12.863 0.00 -33.897 0.00 -221.00 1 10.00 . 31.937 0. 35.00 T 6 ST W18X35 11 ST W21X48 14 ST W16X26 PASS 0.H1-3 0.00 1 0.H1-3 0.00 T 18 ST W12X26 19 ST W24X55 21 ST W12X22 23 ST W12X19 24 ST W12X19 27 ST W21X48 PASS 0.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 T PASS 0.00 -58.Part I .H1-3 0.00 T 16 ST W12X19 PASS 0.00 T 15 ST W14X22 PASS 0.H1-3 0.H1-3 0.00 -49.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.443 0.00 T PASS 0.50 1 0.57 1 7.50 1 5.984 0. 36.H1-3 0.46 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.0 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.911 0.H1-3 0.85 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 3.00 T PASS 0.59 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -75.00 1 0.0 ALL UNB 1.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .38 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1.Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 30. 32. 34.987 0.00 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 TABLE ST W21X44 PASS 0. 37.H1-3 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.59 1 0.0 ALL DMIN 1.H1-3 0.00 -172.74 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 T PASS 0. 33.00 T PASS 0.H1-3 0.00 T PASS 0.00 -167.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.00 T PASS 0.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 -139.

de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.reiusa.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Example Problem 2 38.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Europe support@reel. FROM THE UPPER MENU. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.co. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.net * ************************************************************ 23 .com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS. THEN FILE SAVE.co. PRESS RESULTS.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. UPDATE PROPERTIES.Pro.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.

Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 NOTES .Part I .

The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 11. 3 K/FT 5K 10 3 K/FT 5K 10 Typ. 5. 4. Width : 8 ft. 4 8 20 7 7 9 6 8 6 5 1 2 1 9 10 34 5 2 8 3 4 10 11 1213 14 11 12 13 14 NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in feet. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring. 10 & 14 = 8 x 1 x 250 = 2000Kips/ft Spring of joints 2.250 Kips/cft Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1. 2) Soil Subgrade Reaction .Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footing. 12 & 13 = 8 x 2 x 250 = 4000Kips/ft 25 . 3.

the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.0 8 24.0 10.Application Examples 26 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 . UNIT FT KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line.0 Joint number followed by X.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20. The program will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis. 6 6 7 7 7 8 .0 14 28.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.0 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1. Semicolon signs (.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 10. Since this is a plane structure.0 0. 7 4.0 6 4. 9 24.0 ZD 8. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.0 .Part I . STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 0. 8 6 9 9 8 9 . Additional information is available in sections 1 and 5 of the Technical .0 ZD 8.0 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 The first two lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) followed by YD (depth) and ZD (width) values.0 10 20. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .0 5 8.

0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. Member properties for the remaining members are chosen from the American (AISC) steel table. UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000. 27 . MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000. MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0. The word ST stands for standard single section. The supports for the structure are specified above. The first set of joints are restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z).68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). a spring having a spring constant of 4000 kip/ft is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes. the -1.0 factor. Also. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. SELF Y -1. Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line. Density and Poisson’s ratio.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000. Since global Y is vertically upwards. * E FOR STEEL IS 29.Example Problem 3 Reference Manual.

PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. member forces and support reactions. and is applied on members 7 and 8.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also. The load is applied at nodes 6 and 7. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Part I . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. acting downwards.Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5. .

17. 24.0 0. 2.0 . 7 4. 30. EXMEM = 568.0 ZD 8. 34. 35.0 . STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT FT KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 20.0 10. 38.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 28. 11.2 MB 29 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 16. 22. 13. Intl.0 0.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8. 18. 32.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3.0 0. 29.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 5 8.0 0.0 0. 12.0 5 6 9 10 TA ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 * E FOR STEEL IS 29. 23. 21. 7. 36.0 20.0 0.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000.0 0. 37. 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. 9.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 19. 33.0 ZD 8. 31. 27.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1. 10. 6.0 8 24. 26.0 14 28. 8. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000. DISK SPACE = 12.0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5.0 0.0 6 4. 14.0 0.0 0. MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0.0/ 3144. 3.2 MB. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1.0 0.0 0. 15. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 10. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000. 5.Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 4. 25.0 10 20. 9 24.

00000 0.51 16.00000 0.00 94.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.76 8 1 6 9 -6.00 -0.00 -11.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET ----------------JOINT 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 6.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08043 0.00 0.34 23.70 0.82 10.00017 -0.00 0.10248 -0.13 19.00 0.00 0.00000 0.53 27.00000 0.00 16.00000 -0.00 -50.00 0.00048 -0.00 -18.00 0.68 31.60 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.00 0.06101 -0.15 7 1 7 8 16.00 0.33042 0.00000 0.00395 0.16 -65.00000 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00055 -0.60 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.79 2 1 2 3 0.00 0.04 4 1 4 5 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 18.00000 0.00 9.00000 0.04885 -0.00 0.00 63.00000 0.00 11. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.54 0.00 0.00020 -0.00 0.08885 -0.00 0.Part I .00485 -0.74 10 1 9 12 65.40 0.00000 0.64181 0.00 0.00000 0.86 -56.00 18.Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 39.40 -9.53 32.00 0.00 0.00 -67.33 0.31 18.20 0.00000 0.95 27.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.89 -12.19 44.00023 -0.00 0.10 10.76 68.00 0.00 3 1 3 4 0.00 7.00000 0.00051 -0.05440 -0.00 0.87 7.00 0.79 49.00035 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00 -7.00 21.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.93 9 1 8 9 31.00000 0.00 0.09085 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.59 .03597 -0.00000 0.00 0.26 -117.22 6.35 -16.00 0.62413 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.28 20.01 -28.49 9.00000 0.35 -16.00 6.00000 0.32290 0.00 0.15 -94.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 0.00 0.00000 0.00 63.00 13.00 0.22 0.00000 0.00 0.40 0.00 -16.07856 -0.00 0.00000 0.68 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.05852 -0.00000 0.00000 -0.00 0.00 -9.00 0.04257 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 11.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.84 0.04 0.60 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.04893 -0.10 -4.00 0.00 0.17 16.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 28.00 0.00028 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00015 -0.36 -63.00 -22.00000 0.82 11 1 10 11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.84 -32.00671 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00010 -0.00000 0.90 6 1 6 7 29.00 0.06131 -0.35 0.00 0.00 5 1 3 6 56.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 49.00 0.07162 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00043 -0.

00 13.00 14 0.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 -9.41 0.00 0.co.41 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 40.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.41 14 1 13 0.55 13 1 12 13 0.00 -30.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 -11.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 19.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.59 44.88 -15.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 1 11 12 0.00 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** -24.08 34.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.37 24.01 0.00 0.08 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 -89.88 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * Europe support@reel.net * ************************************************************ 31 .

Part I .Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 NOTES .

4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. In this example. Y 7 8 8 15 k 13 14 5 3 5 6 4 180" 6 7 k 30 11 9 10 12 2 1 4 1 2 240" X 240" 3 180" 33 .Example Problem 4 Example Problem No. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases.

Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 180. 10 2 4 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 360. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . Consequently. Also. 5 6 8 .) are used as line separators. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 9 1 5 . to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. 360. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD. it is necessary to have 2 commands. 0 Joint number followed by X. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. 14 5 8 .Application Examples 34 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.Part I . 0 . the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 8 480. 0 7 240. 0 0 4 0 180. 4 3 6 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. 3 5 7 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. Since this is a plane structure. UNIT INCH KIP Specifies the unit to be used. 11 3 5 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480. 0 6 480. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. Semicolon signs (. To accommodate these requirements. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 .

0. SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. etc. MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. Poisson’s ratio.Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. 35 . MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table. CONSTANTS E 29000. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive. This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments. Built-in default value of steel is used for the latter. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). The word ST stands for standard single section. 2 and 3. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again. it is assumed to be 0.

GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction. It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier. The length UNIT is changed from INCH to FT for input values which follow. 8 and 7. CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command. In other words. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to any forces for the next load case.Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title.5 Load 1 contains member loads. the bracings are not used to carry any load. The loads are applied on members 6. MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1. JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 .0 7 UNI GY -1.Part I . 7 FX 15 . The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. for dead and live load. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive.

FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. 12 and 14 are made inactive. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.75. CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. The negative numbers (-30 and -15) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction. 8 FX -15 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8. Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads.75 3 0.75 2 0. LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. the program simply gathers the 37 .Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads. For load combinations. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9.

Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing. a combination case is not truly analysed for. (As explained earlier. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1. Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis. but handled using other means.5 ALL . are recognized as the "active" load cases.0 ALL UNT 6. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Part I .Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases.0 ALL UNB 6. of the member end forces. factors them appropriately.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members. Thus. and combines them algebraically.0 ALL KY 0. in the output file. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.

39 .5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0.Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained). The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. KY 0. FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.5 for ALL members. UNT and UNB represent the unsupported length of the flanges to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress. Design will be done according to the specifications of the AISC ASD Code. CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements.

8. 5 6 8 .Part I . CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 . 27. 18. 33. 360. 26.0/ 40263. 28. 9 1 5 . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1. 44. 0 6 480. 12. 40. 7 FX 15 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . 9. 4.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 0 7 240. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 6.3 MB 30. 35. 36. 20. 29. 37. 25. 14. 0 . 46. 31. 32. 11 3 5 . 4 3 6 .75 3 0. 0 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 11. 41.Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 3. Intl. 39. 8 480. 21. 7.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 16. STAAD PLANE A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT INCH KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480. 22. DISK SPACE = 12.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 15. 24. 3 5 7 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 38. 10. 10 2 4 . 360. 17. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 47. 8 FX -15 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 43. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 13.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL 3 18 .14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 CONSTANTS E 29000. 42.0 7 UNI GY -1.75 2 0. 45. 34. 180. 19. 0 0 4 0 180. 5. 2. 23.

00 -2.63 -1.12 2.00 0.37 -0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.07 -0.00 0.83 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 9.45 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 14.00 0.14 -0.00 -9.00 0.19 -0.79 -28.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.15 0.65 0.00 0.00 15.52 0.97 -5.67 -0.03 6.00 0.45 0.42 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.66 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 -10.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 -18.84 -22.00 0.80 13.79 22.00 0.26 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 10.48 8.00 0.66 -11.92 1.79 35.08 -0.00 0.37 2.11 2.84 3.70 2.20 0.00 6.15 0.00 0.26 -8.00 0.97 10.00 0.00 0.22 -0.45 -50.00 0.00 -2.00 0.97 9.64 50.00 0.00 0.00 -13.09 8.29 0.00 0.29 10.86 10.00 0.31 0.74 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.00 0.31 0.47 9.84 16.19 0.00 0.40 0.42 -0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.76 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -10.73 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 38.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 1.42 -0.79 -20.33 -2.20 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 -7.00 0.16 0.07 -18.11 -19.61 7.00 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.76 -15.00 0.78 20.01 -9.84 17.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.08 -0.00 0.74 -0.00 0.00 0.26 24.66 -13.38 5.00 0.00 0.09 0.07 -0.23 -7.35 15.88 7.00 0.13 2.12 0.95 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.83 -15.92 -1.00 0.00 2.95 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -5.00 0.00 0.73 -30.00 0.72 -0.16 0.00 0.86 -9.29 10.00 0.26 0.15 0.38 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.24 0.67 0.00 -2.00 0.06 -44.91 0.00 0.00 0.31 15.20 -2.26 -23.00 0.26 11.00 0.27 0.07 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 -38.00 0.00 -0.05 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 23.60 0.00 0.26 -0.30 -12.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 8.25 11.61 -15.67 29.00 0.00 0.27 -2.01 0.16 -0.00 0.91 4.60 -0.38 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 -5.00 0.25 35.00 0.00 0.97 18.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.22 -0.00 0.00 0.95 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -16.00 0.00 1.00 0.12 -2.06 0.00 0.16 -0.71 5.38 -7.26 -4.00 0.00 0.95 0.85 -2.76 -3.04 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 41 .00 0.00 0.40 -1.65 0.00 0.37 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.33 1.00 -10.78 -29.06 28.34 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -35.00 0.00 0.00 10.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.00 0.77 0.00 0.64 -35.00 0.00 0.06 -9.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 0.78 9.00 0.31 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.05 0.83 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 4 48.00 0.95 -35.

00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.58 -14.00 0.00 0.78 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.67 -14.33 0.88 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 -2.00 -22.05 -32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -25.00 0.00 0.06 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 4.20 -2.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 14.00 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 .00 0.37 33.KIP FEET MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 0.56 41.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.72 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 12.00 0.00 0.65 -12.03 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.47 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 -12.00 0.73 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 16.00 0.14 9.00 0.20 10.00 0.87 7.00 0.31 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 -2.00 0.00 0.00 -16.00 0.00 0.07 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.38 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.35 7.00 0.37 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -44.00 -33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 12.00 0.00 0.00 19.00 -22.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -25.00 0.88 -3.00 0.41 22.00 0.00 0.00 58.00 0.00 0.80 2.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.78 4.00 0.97 18.23 2.00 0.40 -0.00 0.00 0.58 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.30 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 -17.00 0.00 0.55 44.00 0.82 -22.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 12.47 17.00 0.00 0.55 -17.00 0.00 0.37 0.06 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.58 12.00 0.00 0.64 -26.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 46.

00 0.03 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.5 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 0.00 0.302 0.05 C PASS 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.00 0.00 0.285 0.00 0.00 -13.00 0.00 0.H1-1 0.00 -8.76 0.00 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -17.KIP FEET MEMBER 13 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 0.95 C 5 ST W12X26 PASS 15.00 0.00 0.00 9.00 5 15. 50. 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.H1-3 0.00 0.00 5 15.0 ALL KY 0.191 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 18.00 0.00 0.00 43 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.394 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-1 0.00 0.00 0.07 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.394 0.00 0.00 0.26 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 5 15.00 4 15.00 0.H1-3 0.00 35.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.442 0.00 0.61 C 6 ST W18X35 PASS 22.00 0.00 0.69 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.16 13.00 0.00 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 0.45 C PASS 15.H1-1 0. 53.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0 ALL UNB 6.00 0.00 -14.76 17.0 ALL UNT 6.00 46.00 0.05 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49.00 0. 54.00 0.H1-1 0.84 C 7 ST W18X35 8 ST W18X35 9 LD L50505 PASS 32.00 -17.00 0.00 0.591 0.58 C PASS 25.78 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 4 15.00 0.346 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1.416 0.00 4 20.32 13.00 -23.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.07 C 2 ST W12X26 3 ST W12X26 4 ST W12X26 PASS 50. 51.00 0.00 0. 52.00 0.76 C PASS 35.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.00 -13.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 TABLE ST W12X26 PASS 18.00 0.H1-3 0.00 4 0.00 0.00 4 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 55.55 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.00 (AISC TENSION 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 4 0.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 ALL UNITS ARE .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.31 T 11 LD L50505 PASS 22.co.171 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.net * ************************************************************ .KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 10 LD L50505 PASS 19.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Part I .net * * * * North America support@reiusa.73 T 13 LD L50505 PASS 13.100 0.Pro.00 SECTIONS) 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.41 T 12 LD L50505 PASS 16.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 5 0.00 4 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.128 0.00 SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) 57.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 5 0.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 (AISC TENSION 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.102 0.147 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.reiusa.co.00 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.32 T (AISC TENSION 0.16 T 14 LD L50505 PASS 13.00 5 0.

Example Problem 4 NOTES 45 .

Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 NOTES .Part I .

Y 20' 2 2 10' 3 1 3 4 4 X Z 5 20' 5 6 47 .Example Problem 5 Example Problem No. 5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.

IX 10. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. IZ 300.0 0. 20. 5 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Semicolon signs (.) are used as line separators.0 0.0 0.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0. UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10. 2 0.Part I .0 10.0 10.0 0.0 3 20. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 . UNITS KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. .0 . . IZ (moment of inertia about major axis).0 5 20. Member properties have been defined above using the PRISMATIC attribute. Y and Z coordinates. 10. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. Values of AX (area). 4 20.0 . IY 300. 0. CONSTANT E 29000. IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX (torsional constant) are provided in INCH unit.Application Examples 48 Example Problem 5 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Joint number followed by X. 20. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 6 20.

support reactions and member forces. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0.50 Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly known as a sinking support. 49 . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint displacements.Example Problem 5 SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED Joints 1. FY signifies that the support settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this settlement is 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. 4 and 6 are fixed supports. LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title.5 inch downward.

* * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. IX 10.Application Examples 50 Example Problem 5 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0/ 3144. IY 300. EXMEM = 568. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 . 6. Intl.1 MB. 18. 20. 7. 19.0 0. 3. DISK SPACE = 12. 20. . 5. 9. 12. 0.0 0. 4 20. 20.0 0. 5 5 6 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10. 10. 14. 2 0.0 .0 10. 2. 21. 13. 8.0 0. 11.0 3 20. 4.0 10. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0. 15.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. IZ 300. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS .0 0. 16.Part I .0 0. 17.2 MB 22. 10.0 . 6 20. CONSTANT E 29000. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT UNITS KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 5 20.

co.17 107.00000 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.09118 0.46 -116.97 0.15 -0.KIP INCH MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.46 0.15 -0.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.65 107.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.66 0.65 36.00000 0.00154 -0.00040 -0.18 4 1 3 5 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.07 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.95 1.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00000 0.08 19.00000 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.65 0.00000 -0.08 0.18 107.97 -0.00000 -0.Example Problem 5 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.65 -0.07 -0.09125 0.00 0.07 -0.00000 -0.97 -1.97 -0.co.15 -0.65 19.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.reiusa.46 0.00154 0.17 107.97 0.07 -0.08 -0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.08 -0.15 0.00154 0.46 -36.07 0.08 0.22 0.07 0.00040 0.01078 -0.07 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00050 0.00000 0.97 -0.65 -0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00000 -0.97 -0.15 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.64 5 1 5 6 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 0.15 -0.07 107.00000 -0.64 107.08 0.00050 0.95 0.64 116.95 -0.Pro.22 1 4 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.net * ************************************************************ 51 .08 0.07 -116.00014 0.co.08 0.00000 -0.46 -0.50000 -0.07 -0.01078 0.15 0.00 -116.46 -116.09118 0.00000 -0.00000 0.com * * Europe support@reel.18 19.18 -116.97 -0.82 -116.00000 0.49919 -0.22 107.00014 -0.00154 0.46 -19.00000 0.15 0.46 107.82 3 1 3 4 -1.15 -0.08 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.09125 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.64 2 1 2 3 0.15 0.08 -0.97 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.00000 -0.66 116.97 0.

Application Examples 52 Example Problem 5 NOTES .Part I .

Y 9 8 7 15' 3 6 8 5 5 5 2 15' 7 3 4 1 4 20' 1 X 40' 2 53 .Example Problem 6 Example Problem No. the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is applied. 6 This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.

0. POISSON CONCRETE ALL . . Since this is a plane structure. 3 5 7 . JOINT COORD 1 0. 50. Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the major axis (IZ) are provided.2 IZ 1. 8 40. 6 40. and that allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 4 40. 2 3 5 . Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. 8 5 6 . 20. UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000. 35. 5 0. 5 4 6 6 6 8 .) are used as line separators. STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 3 0. MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2.Part I . 4 2 4 . .0 Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic) attribute. . Semicolon signs (. 7 0. . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. . the Z coordinates need not be provided. SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports. 7 3 4 . 50. UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used for input to follow. 2 40. 0. 35.Application Examples 54 Example Problem 6 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 9 7 8 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 20. . ALL .

Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. ES 3. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1. EM -12. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 3 inches above the center of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 12 inches below the c. support reactions and member forces in the output file. ES 3. EE 3. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 300 kips.g. 55 . Load 2 is a POSTSTRESS load. Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. The assumptions and facts associated with this type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. Load 1 contains PRESTRESS load. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to perform the analysis. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. EM -12. LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. Members 7 and 8 have cable force of 300 kips. UNIT FT PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements. as well as additional information about both types of loads. Poisson’s ratio. etc.Example Problem 6 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). For a difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS loading. EE 3. The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet.

00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 5.00000 0.00000 0.00039 0.00000 0. 14.00000 0.00000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.1 MB.00000 0.00000 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00059 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0. 19. 6 40. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 .00000 0.00000 0.Part I . DISK SPACE = 12.0/ 3144.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.07224 0.00000 0. 20.00000 -0.00000 0. 8 5 6 . 23. 10.07698 0. . 20.2 IZ 1.0 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000.00015 0. 2.00000 0.00059 0.00000 0. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300.00000 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00000 0.00000 0. 22. 2 40.00000 0. 5 0. 3.00000 0. 9 7 8 SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2. 12.00000 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00000 0. 16. EM -12.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 50. 13. 6. 0. EXMEM = 568.Application Examples 56 Example Problem 6 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 3 0.00000 0.07224 0. 15. 20. STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0.00000 0. 7 0.00000 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 Y-TRANS 0.00000 0. 7 3 4 . EE 3. 11.00000 0. 5 4 6 6 6 8 .00000 0.00015 0. 3 5 7 .00000 -0.00000 0. 7.00000 0.00000 0. 17.2 MB 24.00000 0. . .00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. ES 3. 4. UNIT FT 25.00000 0. 2 3 5 .00000 0.00039 0.00000 0.00000 0. 35. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 18. 8 40.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 4 40. . ES 3.00000 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0. Intl. 8.00087 0.00087 0.00000 0. EE 3.00000 0. EM -12.00000 0. 9. 0.00000 0. . 4 2 4 . 21.07698 0.00000 -0. 50.00000 0. 35.

00 75.00 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 2.34 -2.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 90.00 0.00 0.00 -13.00 0.00 -241.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -58.00 0.00 0.00 5 6 5 6 286.00 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.16 0.00 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 -6.92 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 297.00 0.00 0.00 3 4 3 4 304.34 2.00 -6.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 -75.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.50 -37.00 0.85 -304.00 0.00 0.98 0.00 0.00 0.65 -297.00 0.48 241.00 0.50 -37.00 6.00 MOM Z 58.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.81 -117.00 4 6 4 6 0.00 -231.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 7 8 7 8 -2.00 0.00 0.65 -37.00 0.07 -286.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.Example Problem 6 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 3.71 6.00 0.34 0.29 231.00 0.00 6 8 6 8 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 57 .50 -37.00 0.31 -3.00 38.00 0.00 0.00 5 7 5 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.98 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.00 13.00 0.00 75.00 58.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 0.34 2.00 0.62 0.65 -37.00 0.29 -75.00 0.00 0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -90.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 -75.00 0.00 0.00 -58.00 0.85 297.00 0.81 117.16 -3.00 0.00 0.50 -37.00 0.65 -297.92 -13.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -38.00 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 75.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.

uk * * Asia support@reiasia.reiusa.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.net * ************************************************************ .de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Application Examples 58 Example Problem 6 26.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * Europe support@reel.Part I .

OFFSET connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. 7 This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections.Example Problem 7 Example Problem No. 20' 5 6 6 3 4 7" 15' 7" 5 4 6" 3 15' 1 7 2 1 2 59 . The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS.

Application Examples 60 Example Problem 7 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle.0 0.) are used as line separators.0 0. 5 0.0 0.0 -6. 30. 30. 0. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . 6 20. JOINT COORD 1 0. MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 .0 7 END -7. 15. Since this is a plane structure. . 6 5 6 . 15. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.0 0. .0 .0 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. . 0. . UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7. This allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line. MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 Member properties are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table for all members.0 5 6 END -7. 2 20. 7 1 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. the Z coordinates need not be provided.Part I . The word ST stands for standard single section. 3 0. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 4 20. Semicolon signs (. UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.

JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50. CONSTANT E 29000. 6 and 7. UNIT FT PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. These attributes are applied to members 5. The X. The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet.0 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5. 61 . LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided. 5 FX 25. . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports.Example Problem 7 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis.

Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.Part I . .

12.22 68.00 -5.00 0.00 0.49 4 1 4 6 6.50 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -10. 2 20. 26.0 CONSTANT E 29000. 25. 23. 15. 7.2 MB 27. 9.00 0. 2. 0. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . DISK SPACE = 12.74 11.76 2 1 2 4 75. 8. 5 FX 25. 0. 6 5 6 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3.0 5 6 END -7. 15. 11. 4.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.32 -71. UNIT FT 28. . 5.11 -13.63 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.00 0. 13.00 0.74 10. MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2.40 63 . PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 16.00 0.00 0.89 66. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.50 4.00 0. 21.00 4. 10.00 0.74 13.0 0.0 -6. 18. 30.00 -84. .0 0.74 -6.0 0.00 128.89 -11.00 0. 30. 3 0. 19. 15.63 5. 14.00 0. . 24.0 0. EXMEM = 568.0 0.43 3 1 3 5 -6.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0.89 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 MB. 6. 6 20.00 0. 5 0.00 -75. 20.0/ 3144.00 0.74 -4. . 22. .0 7 END -7. 17. 4 20.00 0. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7.00 0. Intl.00 0.00 111.74 6.

00 0.66 -0.00 -62.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 75.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.63 -75.00 -37.63 5.Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.37 6 1 5 6 13.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.16 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.00 0.66 106.55 -64.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.Pro. PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -80.74 6.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.32 -9.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 66.00 0.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.39 -66.00 0.47 7 1 1 4 -106.11 -6.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.74 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.reiusa.56 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.11 -13.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 -3.99 3.99 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 -37.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 -4.

Example Problem 7 NOTES 65 .

Application Examples 66 Example Problem 7 NOTES .Part I .

Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead. are considered in the design. 8 In this example. and the members are made of concrete. live and wind load. 67 . Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No. Two load cases. Y 13 20 7 21 4 11 14 15 8 9 3 1 17 15 18 6 13 10 7 16 16 1 11 8 12 19 2 10 3 X 12 5 14 9 2 4 5 6 X The above example represents a space frame. The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members.

3 2 8 5 5 11 . 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 8 18.Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 2 4 10 . 11 18 12 24 . 3 TO 10 PR YD 12.0 ZD 12. All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option.Part I . UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used. a . 9 7 .0 IZ 864. 6 11 15 .0 ZD 16.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Semicolon signs (. 21 14 16 . 0 4 0 0 24 . Y and Z coordinates. 11 13 10 11 14 . 5 18 0 24 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 10 12 16 . IX 1018. 8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 IZ 509. 7 3 9 6 12 . 12 0 . 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 . IY 2953. IX 6497. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 .0 IZ 5788. 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. IX 1279. 18 8 11 . If ZD is not provided. UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. IY 509. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 15 13 14 17 7 10 . 2 18 0 0 . 19 20 13 15 . 14 38 24 0 . 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 Joint number followed by X. 9 4 8 13 . 3 38 0. IY 864.

columns.15 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). etc. Length unit is changed from INCH to FT to facilitate input for DENsity. Moments of Inertia. the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards. Clause 10. moments of inertia (IZ. IY. All properties required for the analysis.0 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN . etc. walls and slabs to account for cracking.1 of ACI 318-99 offers some guidelines on the amount of reduction to be applied on the gross section moment of inertia for beams. Poisson’s ratio. CONSTANT E 3150. so these will not be re-calculated. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided. LOAD 1 (1.4DL + 1. Density.4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1. The IX.Example Problem 8 circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports. 69 . SELF Y -1. For this particular example.7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis. such as. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete.4 factor.11. Since global Y is vertically upward. Area.

The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.0 10 FZ 8.75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2.7LL + 1. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction.75 (1. multiply them with a factor of 0. Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction. REPEAT LOAD 1 0.Part I .1 Load 1 contains member loads also. LOAD 2 .4DL + 1.75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1. . The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed.5 11 FZ 20.8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5. JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2.0 12 FZ 16.7WL) Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title.5 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT command. The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated.

The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information that should appear in the output. 71 . DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure. END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design. These parameters are described in the manual where American concrete design related information is available.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 11 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands. Design is performed per the ACI 318 Code. shear and torsion. CODE ACI TRACK 1. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design. MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the #11 bar. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending.

42. 16 15 16 17 7 10 . 14 38 24 0 . IX 6497. 37.5 11 FZ 20. IY 864.0 IZ 5788. 9. 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . 38.0 ZD 16. 19. 17. 11 18 12 24 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 IZ 864. 33.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 16. 36. 40. 7. 8 18 12 0 .15 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1.1 LOAD 2 . 27. 15 13 14 . Intl. 29.4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN . STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 .0 IZ 509.Part I . 21 14 16 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. 10. 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. 41. 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 . IX 1279.4DL + 1. 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 .0 12 FZ 16. 12. 31. 2 4 10 . 26. 11. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 6 60 .8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5. 3 TO 10 PR YD 12. 6. 3. 19 9 12 20 13 15 .7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0. 15. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.1 MB 44. 39. 28.4DL + 1. 8 9 14 9 6 12 . 8. 30. 2.5 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 5/ 30 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 18 8 11 . 4 8 13 5 5 11 . 23.7LL + 1. 24. 2 18 0 0 . 34. 0 4 0 0 24 .0 10 FZ 8. 3 2 8 . IY 2953. 5 18 0 24 . 22.7LL) SELF Y -1. 7 3 9 . IX 1018. 3 38 0. IY 509. 21. 43.75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. 35. 25. 20. 10 12 16 . 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 .75(1. DISK SPACE = 12. 18. CONSTANT E 3150.Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 4. 6 11 15 . 14. 13. 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 .1/ 40263. 5.0 ZD 12. 32.

0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.00 0.4000.81 0.78 -2.01 KIP-FT AT 0. FY .46 -92.38 IN2.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 LEN - 20.45 -4. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.55 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 4265. FT.00/ 1. FC .08 0.01 -1. START CONCRETE DESIGN 46.23 83.90 5.54/10.01 -106. ROW=0.54 105. CODE ACI 1999 47.75/ 5.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.62 INCH | | REQD. IN.76 78.77 82.33 14.27 -17.59 8.73 0.32 -286.60000.19 KIP-FT AT 20.72 -168. ROWMX=0.0 MEMB 14 48.66 -15.00 -0.71 7. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 ===================================================================== BEAM NO.09 -3.82/ 3.00/ 2.53 INCH | | REQD. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 5.01 2.0214 ROWMN=0.83 89.69 5.67 -14.89 -0.70 0.07 1. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 43.0044.03 -0. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21.77 5 11 5 11 289.00 1.80 371. ROW=0.50 IN2.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT.54 83.80 227. ROWMX=0.09 -7.0214 ROWMN=0.84 inch^4 73 .35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640. ROW=0.98 -5.20 -25.09 9.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.83 0. TRACK 2.0214 ROWMN=0. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2.75 -77.00 0.49 -3.0184.59 41.61 -0.00 0.63 -1.45 2.22 4.06 0.37 62.84 15. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 2-NUM.00/ 2.03 -66.05 54.78 -53.16.47 -31.0085.62 -0.10 0 + 2-5/8 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 191.20 139.73 -14. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 80.67 FT.00 X 21.88 6 12 6 12 170.31 IN2. 14 DESIGN RESULTS .00 0.63 10.63 -13.72 41.14 70.41 3.22 -10.92 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 45.66 73.48 0. ROWMX=0.30 -4.83 -0.11 -137.00 FT.0 MEMB 16 49.78 5.79 37.78 -0. SIZE .77 inch^4 3 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM.67 0. IN.70 -6.33 0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.14 inch^4 2 1 + 6-1/8 4-NUM.45 -3.92 6.03 -0.74 -0.00 -8.00 0.17 -0.06 -0.89 2.14 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 8050.00 0.73 INCH | | REQD.92 0.17 2.26 63. FT.98 11 12 11 12 -9.67 0.19 279.31 KIP-FT AT 11.82 -69.07 -0.04 52. MAXMAIN 11 ALL 50.40 24.00FT.21 0.12 -6.11 0 + 0-0/0 16 + 2-0/0 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 371.71 97.67 14.63 0.08 0. IN.00 0.00 FT.00 0.22 84.00 0.6 15 + 2-1/4 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 106.09 4.21 -0.61 -0.KIP FEET MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 68.41 -0.50 15 16 15 16 13.00 0.51 -225.01 0. TRACK 1.40 92.23 -4.

DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 53. C/C FOR 102. IN. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 4. ROWMX=0.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6.80 KIP Tu= 0.50/ 2. | | | | | | | | | 3#6 H 18. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21. ROW=0. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |==========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | ooo | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6.60000.4 17 + 7-1/2 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 92. FC . FT. PROVIDE NUM. ROW=0. FT. IN.0214 ROWMN=0.30 INCH | | REQD.TO |194. |0.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.TO 240.0043.Vu= 57.TO |240.0038. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S .00FT.00 FT.30 INCH | | REQD.X 21_____________________ 12J____ | | ||=========================================================================|| | 4#11H |18.00 X 21.00 FT.75/ 5.00 FT.00/ 1.82/ 5. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.43 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 6625.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT .95 KIP Tu= 0. |3.00/ 1.37 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2438. SIZE . 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 7.6 0 + 0-0/0 2 + 3-3/4 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 105. ROW=0.|182. ROWMX=0.72 KIP Vc= 36. ___ 11J____________________ 240.21 KIP Vc= 36.46 KIP-FT AT 0.00/ 2. IN. 16 DESIGN RESULTS . AT END SUPPORT . ROWMX=0. PROVIDE NUM. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.2 IN. IN.14 IN2.75 inch^4 .Part I .11 KIP Vs= 62.76 KIP-FT AT 20.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640.4000.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.84 inch^4 3 1 + 6-1/2 6-NUM.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.0214 ROWMN=0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.0214 ROWMN=0.62 INCH | | REQD.X 16.39 KIP-FT AT 10.11 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 320.00 inch^4 2 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM.11 KIP Vs= 31.Vu= 84. | | 16#4 C/C 7 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 2#10H | 3.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT. 20.4 IN.50 IN2.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY .0154.30 IN2. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 3-NUM. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 12. IN.16. C/C FOR 102.Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 B E A M N O.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.

00 6. 1.000 0.000/ 0.644/ 2.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION. 0.33 20.00 0.000 0.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT . IN.455/ 4.00 0.Vu= 71.323 0.00 0.Example Problem 8 REQUIRED REINF.00/ 16 D E S I G N 105.02 KIP Tu= 0.248/ 4.78/ 129.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.00 0.00 0.33 15.67 3.000 0. PROVIDE NUM.71/ 212.Vu= 70.00 0.000 0.00 0.67 8.76 LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 R E S U L T S . ___ 15J____________________ 240.46 0.000 0.00 0. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.000 0.90/ 218.39/ 309.793/ 3.000 0.885/ 1. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR. | | 12#4 C/C 9 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 3#11H | 3.33 KIP Vc= 69.000 0. C/C FOR 102.X 16.TO 28.000 0.69/ 138.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.60 KIP Vc= 69. PROVIDE NUM. IN.00 16.000 1.68/ 320.289/ 1.21 KIP Vs= 13. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) (FEET) (SQ.000/ B E A M N O.00 11. | | | | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | ooo | | | | | | | | oooooo | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | 6#4 | | | | | | | | | | | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 51.4 IN.00 1.X 21_____________________ 16J____ | | ||======= =========|| | 3#6|H |18.37/ 0.67 13.TO 240.66/ 307.18/ 34.758/ 0.53 KIP Tu= 0. INCH) 0. C/C FOR 102.TO 240.00 0.000 0.00/ 23.34/ 271.33 5.21 KIP Vs= 15.67 18. 6#4 H 18.679/ 4.80/ 275.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.158 MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KIP-FEET) 0.33 10.282/ 3. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.00 0.00 92. 212.4 IN. AT END SUPPORT .83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.419/ 0. 0.00 0.745/ 2. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 75 .

CIRC SIZE 12. END CONCRETE DESIGN 53.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 52.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 INCHES DIAMETER AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 3.189 SQ.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.NUMBER 5 (EQUALLY SPACED) TIE BAR NUMBER 3.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co.000 2 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 8.AXIAL + BENDING FY .co. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------11 .AXIAL + BENDING FY .net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 IN STA 0.Application Examples 76 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 IN ==================================================================== COLUMN NO.015 3 SPACING 2 END 0. 2 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .co.60000 FC .de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.NUMBER 7 5.Part I .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. IN.co. TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 6.4000 PSI.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.4000 PSI. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 .00 X 12. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.581 SQ.700 8. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.00 INCHES.com * * Europe support@reel. TIED BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.12.reiusa. 5 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .60000 FC .Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. IN. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. SQRE SIZE .net * ************************************************************ .

Example Problem 8 NOTES 77 .

Application Examples 78 Example Problem 8 NOTES .Part I .

79 .Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall. 9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates). Concrete design of an element is performed.

6 36 18 7 4 37 . 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described.Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 5 35 36 . STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 10 39 22 11 5 29 .75 0 36 20 11. 8 37 38 . 2 2 11 3 3 34 . UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above.25 20 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 . 4 34 35 .75 20 39 20 11. The second line forms the title to identify this project. The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines. Y and Z axes.25 0 37 20 3. 9 38 39 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 .Part I .

38 26 27 . In this case. 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands. 39 27 28 . 35 16 17 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 . 30 23 24 . 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 31 24 25 . For some members. Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized. Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 27 13 14 .Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 26 12 13 . DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements. In other cases. 34 15 16 . GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 81 . the points describe the outer edges of a slab and that of a shear wall. the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined.

UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT. .5 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 0. For example.Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the superelement profiles. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1.Part I . the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A.5 ft thick. ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. Length units are changed to inches to facilitate the above input.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 1 Kip/sq. intensity on elements 41 to 72. B. MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 1 ft depth and 1 ft width. The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported. C and D with 4 elements along the side AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA.ft.

FINI The STAAD run is terminated.Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -20. 22 and 33. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform a linear elastic analysis is specified above.3 Load 3 is a combination of 0. Design is done according to the ACI 318 code. Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3.9 times load case 1 and 1. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.9 2 1.3 times load case 2. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY. 22 FZ -100. START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. 83 .

Intl. 8.25 0 37 20 3. 59. 25. 5. 7. 26 12 13 . 57. 4. 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 36. 9 38 39 . 16. 46. 34 15 16 . 29. 21. 60. 33.25 20 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 11.Part I . 32. 48.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD . 35. 63. 56. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 51.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 54. 18. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 30. 5 35 36 . 10. 13. 37. 42. 47. 31 24 25 . 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. 58. 20. 45. 55. 49. 9. 39 27 28 . 40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 . 12. 43. 35 16 17 . 62. 27. 23. 17. 19. 31. 22. 4 34 35 . 38 26 27 .75 0 36 20 11. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . 2. 41. 15. 8 37 38 . 53. 61. 6. 26. 52. 44. 39. 10 39 22 11 5 29 .75 20 39 20 11. 28. 38. 24. 30 23 24 . 34. 40. 50.5 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1.Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND * FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . 27 13 14 . 14. 3. 36 17 22 37 22 26 .

77 82. 66.45 -11.90 -0. LOAD LIST 1 3 70.70 22.00 0.21 9.15 -40.08 22.54 73.40 SMIN= -336.18 0.00 -75.61 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 72.21 25. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.98 ANGLE= 50.21 0.83 -1.18 -1.68 1.53 -10.72 331.27 13.28 54.40 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX 0.53 -10.69 45.99 51.59 TMAX= SMIN= 264.29 20.28 -48.54 74.15 40.97 234. 67.53 299.Example Problem 9 64.53 10.54 74. 11 33 FZ -20.00 0.01 -0. 68.00 0.41 20.03 -0.00 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY -14.72 -11. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.00 0.18 0. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.56 -0.29 160.76 -72.21 -9.7 20.68 1.15 -40.56 -38.6/ 40263.53 10.94 ANGLE= -13.01 0.0 18.90 11. 22 FZ -100.00 0.00 0.18 0.75 -0.16 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0.54 326.62 38.45 -5.24 TMAX= SMIN= 241.00 45.61 82.82 336.41 0. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= 3 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT 1.09 8.03 57.27 -11.99 -18.47 293.54 73.41 -57.07 234.41 -57.84 -1. 65.01 0.45 -13.01 -0.09 -8.60 327.61 82.65 0.97 11.09 13.63 366.75 5.15 40.52 0.5 ANGLE= ANGLE= 85 .LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.81 TMAX= 0.28 -48.41 -10.28 54.9 2 1.12 12.54 -80.23 3.08 370. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 9. DISK SPACE = 12.07 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 31 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 MB 6 390 69.72 0.08 -25.4 1.61 11.34 -2.00 0.92 345.59 -266.00 -9.69 -45.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 65/ 12/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 0.08 57.18 -45.35 42.03 75.72 -11.19 366.09 -8.03 0.65 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.92 77.72 -22.51 51.00 0.78 326.24 -239.97 48.09 8.16 82.00 0.07 -0.68 SMIN= -370.

83 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN*************************** 76. . DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY ---------------------ELEMENT LONG.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.Only minimum steel required. CODE ACI 75. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 BOTT: 0.851 14.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. 1 1 5.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. REINF (SQ. / 0 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.705869E+02 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 73.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.60 TRANS.reiusa.310845E+02 47 1 3. 47 47 CASE NO.666784E+02 -3.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.130 0.197746E+01 47 1 3.00 / / 1 0. END CONCRETE DESIGN 77.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. START CONCRETE DESIGN 74.130 0.IN/FT) MOM-Y /LOAD (K-FT/FT) .jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 9 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3.co.com * * Europe support@reel.562 11.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.net * ************************************************************ .Part I .Only minimum steel required. REINF (SQ.IN/FT) MOM-X /LOAD (K-FT/FT) 47 TOP : Longitudinal direction 47 TOP : Transverse direction 47 TOP : 0.705869E+02 PLATE NO.Pro.

Example Problem 9 NOTES 87 .

Application Examples 88 Example Problem 9 NOTES .Part I .

Tank Model Deflected Shape 89 . Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements.Example Problem 10 Example Problem No. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements.

Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. 0. 81 5. 0. REPEAT 2 5. 83 5. 20. REPEAT 3 0. REPEAT 4 5. 0. 0. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out. This is followed by X. 0. -5. 5. UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. REPEAT 4 -5. 5 0. 0. Y and Z coordinate increments. 0. Joint number followed by X. 0. 0. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 0. 0. 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 15. This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 . REPEAT 4 0. 5. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates.Part I . STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK Every input has to start with the word STAAD.

ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS. 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3. This is explained in detail in Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments. UNIT FT LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. UNIT INCHES ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 8. No moments will be carried by these supports. etc.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 8. 11. CONSTANTS E 3000. 91 . 6. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above.0 inches THick. The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. up to 76.Example Problem 10 76 77 78 79 80 86 16 87 88 89 89 21 26 31 36 46 26 31 36 41 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element.

Part I - Application Examples

92

Example Problem 10

1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
Load case 1 is initiated. It consists of element loads in the form of
uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis on several
elements.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
UNIT INCHES
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65
The joint displacement values for the listed nodes will be reported
in the output file as a result of the above command.
PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
Two types of results are requested for elements. The first one
requests the nodal point forces in the global axes directions to be
reported for elements 13 and 16. The second one requests element
centroid stresses in the element local axes directions to be reported
for elements 9 and 12. These results will appear in a tabular form
in the output file.
START CONCRETE DESIGN
The above command initiates concrete design.
CODE ACI
DESIGN SLAB 9 12
Slabs (i.e. elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the
reinforcement requirements obtained. In STAAD, elements are
typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of
the element.
END CONCRETE DESIGN
Terminates the concrete design operation.

Example Problem 10

FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

93

Part I - Application Examples

94

Example Problem 10
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STAAD.Pro
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46.

STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK STRUCTURE
UNITS FEET KIPS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. 0. 5 0. 20. 0.
REPEAT 4 5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 4 0. 0. 5.
REPEAT 4 -5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 3 0. 0. -5.
81 5. 0. 5. 83 5. 0. 15.
REPEAT 2 5. 0. 0.
ELEMENT INCIDENCES
1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1
REPEAT 14 4 5
61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1
65 1 6 81 76
66 76 81 82 71
67 71 82 83 66
68 66 83 56 61
69 6 11 84 81
70 81 84 85 82
71 82 85 86 83
72 83 86 51 56
73 11 16 87 84
74 84 87 88 85
75 85 88 89 86
76 86 89 46 51
77 16 21 26 87
78 87 26 31 88
79 88 31 36 89
80 89 36 41 46
UNIT INCHES
ELEMENT PROPERTIES
1 TO 80 TH 8.0
CONSTANTS
E 3000. ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORT
1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED
UNIT FT
LOAD 1
ELEMENT LOAD
4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1.
3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2.
2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3.
1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
-----------------------------------

NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
89/
80/
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
80/
17/
108 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
58 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
13.0/ 40263.8 MB

47. UNIT INCHES
48. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65

25
534

Example Problem 10
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
-----------------JOINT

LOAD

5
25
45
65

X-TRANS

1
1
1
1

Y-TRANS

-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401
-0.00401

0.00025
0.00025
0.00025
0.00025

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS

X-ROTAN

-0.00401
-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401

0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021
-0.00021

Y-ROTAN
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

Z-ROTAN
-0.00021
0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
49. PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
ELEMENT FORCES
--------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

GLOBAL CORNER FORCES
JOINT
FX
FY

16
17
22
21

FZ

MX

MY

MZ

ELE.NO.
13 FOR LOAD CASE
1
-2.3394E+01 -1.8177E+01 -3.6992E+00 -1.2206E+02 2.3406E+02 1.3494E+02
-7.8087E+00 -1.4952E+01 -1.7358E+01 -6.9992E+01 -2.7701E+01 -2.2052E+02
4.0938E+01 5.9769E+00 1.8117E+01 -1.5118E+02 5.5766E+02 2.6685E+02
-9.7352E+00 2.7152E+01 2.9396E+00 2.9766E+02 4.9940E+02 -1.8126E+02

ELE.NO.
16 FOR LOAD CASE
1
19 -3.7545E+01 3.4661E+00 -2.8314E+01 -2.3962E+02
20 -3.6485E+01 5.3807E-01 -2.7070E+01 2.5526E+02
25 3.2481E+01 1.2152E-06 2.6231E+01 -4.9113E+02
24 4.1549E+01 -4.0042E+00 2.9153E+01 5.2581E+02

1.9504E+02 2.4379E+02
2.1809E+02 -4.0256E+02
1.4410E+03 4.9113E+02
1.4689E+03 -3.3236E+02

50. PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
ELEMENT STRESSES
----------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT

LOAD

SQX
VONT
TRESCAT

1

0.15
1.32
1.53
0.82
0.72

0.01
1.18
1.36
SMIN=
SMIN=

-0.02
2.05
2.05
2.04
0.01

-0.04
1.72
1.72
SMIN=
SMIN=

9

TOP :
BOTT:
12

SMAX=
SMAX=
1

TOP :
BOTT:

SMAX=
SMAX=

SQY
VONB
TRESCAB

MX
SX

MY
SY

MXY
SXY

-5.45
0.02

5.60
0.08

5.38
0.03

-0.71
-0.64

TMAX=
TMAX=

-0.09
0.00
-0.01
-1.72

TMAX=
TMAX=

0.76
0.68

ANGLE= -22.1
ANGLE= -22.2

20.05
0.16
1.03
0.86

-0.22
-0.01
ANGLE=
ANGLE=

0.8
0.5

**** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES ****
MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
PRINCIPAL
PRINCIPAL
SHEAR
VONMISES
TRESCA
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
2.044089E+00 -1.715872E+00
PLATE NO.
12
12
CASE NO.
1
1

1.027224E+00
12
1

2.049288E+00
12
1

********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES********************

51. START CONCRETE DESIGN

2.054448E+00
12
1

95

Part I - Application Examples

96

Example Problem 10
52. CODE ACI
53. DESIGN SLAB 9 12
ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY
---------------------ELEMENT

LONG. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-X /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

9 TOP : Longitudinal direction
9 BOTT: Transverse direction
9 TOP :
0.173
0.00
BOTT:
0.176
5.45
12
12
12
12

TRANS. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-Y /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

- Only minimum steel required.
- Only minimum steel required.
/
0
0.196
5.60 /
/
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

TOP : Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Transverse direction
- Only minimum steel required.
TOP :
0.173
0.00 /
0
0.749
20.05 /
BOTT:
0.173
0.09 /
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN***************************
54. END CONCRETE DESIGN
55. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

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Example Problem 10

NOTES

97

Part I - Application Examples

98

Example Problem 10

NOTES

5 6 6 3 4 10' 5. 11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.Example Problem 11 Example Problem No. The combined results are then used for steel design.0 k k/ft 3 4 5 1 10' 2 1 2 20' 99 .5 k 5.0 1.5 k 7. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined.

MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .Part I . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 4 4 6 5 3 4 . 6 20 20 0 Joint number followed by X. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. the Z coordinates are all the same. Since this is a plane structure. 2 2 4 . STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word ST stands for standard single section.Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table. . UNIT FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 3 3 5 . Semicolon signs (. 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 . 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 . zeros. in this case.

hence downwards.0 6.0 5 6 UNI Y -1. Prior to this. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above. The factor of –1.000283 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity). A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line. Without the above command. this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual.0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y.0 14.5 10. the length unit is changed to FEET for specifying distributed member loads. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.Example Problem 11 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0.0 5 CON GY -7. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y 101 .5 Load 1 contains member loads also and they are applied on members 5 and 6.0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case.0 5 CON GY -5. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input.

The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load. Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three. the direction (X.0 5 CON GY 5. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign). The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions.0 14. Internally. Z etc.0 5 CON GY 7.0 5 CON GX 5.5 10. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5.5 10.0 6.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1.0 5 CON GX 7. GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 direction while Y indicates local Y direction. GX and GY indicate that the load.Part I . SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case. Also.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating. In a SPACE frame. In a PLANE frame.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title. only X and Y directions need to be considered. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads.0 6. This will be a dynamic load case. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD.0 5 CON GY 5. and hence the . the program converts these loads to masses.0 14. Y.

05 SCALE 32. Load combination case no.5. 103 .80 0.2 0.35 0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines. acceleration. 0. 4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2).95 . and hence are absolute numbers. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1. Concentrated forces of 5.Example Problem 11 resulting mass. Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement). to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative. 7. the result is factored by 0.0 ACC DAMP 0. 1. ABS method. That is what is being done above. 0. In both cases.2 are used.2 2. SPECTRUM CQC X 1. 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2). the spectrum data is given as period vs. Consequently.).05 (5%) and a scale factor of 32. etc.03 1. is capable of vibration along the global X and Y directions.1 1.0 1.75. 10ft and 14ft from the start of member 5.60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method.80 . The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations.75 In a response spectrum analysis. and 5 kips are located at 6ft.5 2. Load combination case no.75 2 -0.75 2 0. Damping ratio of 0.05 1. the sign of the forces cannot be determined. The word CON stands for concentrated load.00 . it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases. LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.0.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1. reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command.Part I . .Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the American Code.

31.60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.0 14. 4.2 0. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . 41.80 0. 35. 3 3 5 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 14. 1. 49. 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 27. 26. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. 34.0 SPECTRUM CQC X 1.000283 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 *LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 5 CON GY 5.0 14. 18.2 2. 21. 45. 43. 25.0 6. 2 2 4 . 42.75 2 -0. 48. 51. 14.5 10.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.05 SCALE 32.95 .75 2 0. 19. 23. 24. 13. 17. 22. 44. 20. 29.5 10. 50.0 5 CON GY -5.0 6.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.5 2. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1. 3.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5. 47.0 5 CON GX 5. 40. 7. 15. 36. 28. 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 37.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5.00 .5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. 8.0 5 CON GY 7.1 1. 10.0 5 6 UNI Y -1. 11. 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.35 0. 12.80 .05 1. 2.0 5 CON GY 5. 33. 6 20 20 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 39.03 1. 16. 5. 30. 0.0 5 CON GX 7. 32. DISK SPACE = 12. 6.5 10.0/ 40263. Intl.7 MB 2 12 105 . 38. 9.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0.Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 .0 ACC DAMP 0.0 5 CON GY -7.0 6. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 46.0 1.

000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL 0.135E-03 -7.Application Examples 106 Example Problem 11 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 8 2 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 4.00 98.000E+00 0.000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 2.834 99.000E+00 0.348E-03 -1.457E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0. These are for information only and will not be used.000000E+00 KIPS 0.999 0.17 0. To use these frequencies.00000 0.00780 0.00 55. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 3 PERIOD(SEC) 47.00000 0.00 0.135E-03 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.000E+00 0.00 55.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.000 0.05000 0.63 0.67341 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.000E+00 -2.000E+00 0.Part I .00000 0.000E+00 0.00516 0.48795 DAMPING ------0.000E+00 -3.00000 0.988866E-34 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.00 0.22280 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.606E-03 -7.08809 -0.008528E+01 3.00000 0.00000 0.348E-03 -3.000E+00 0.00308 -0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.008538E+01 2.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00 0. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.000 0.724 ACCURACY 0.63 0.00000 0.00780 -0.83 1.00000 0.00516 -0.000E+00 0.63 0.06140 7.00000 1.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KIPS 0.02095 3.00000 0.00361 0.000E+00 0.288 ACCURACY 0.00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00361 -0.00000 -0.000000E+00 KIPS SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KIPS -----------------X Y Z 55.00308 0.952E-13 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.63 0.00 0.00 --------------------------55.00000 0.00 .000E+00 0.00 0.98 0.35 0.404E-10 3.00000 0.00 0.008538E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -9.000E+00 0.457E-03 -1.00 0.463E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.00 55.00000 1.05000 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.465498E-05 -2.000E+00 0.80226 1.00 0.000E+00 0.08809 1.488 16.67341 1.008538E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 2.00000 0.606E-03 -2. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.

00000 0.06 40.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.94394 1.30 161.00000 0.00000 0.16 -35.35 131.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.01251 -0.81 27.00000 0.92 8.98061 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.06 40.00 0.00674 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98061 0.00 0.21 14.81 17.00 0.00000 0.07 -110.98286 -0.00 0.88 14.45 4.00000 0.02303 0.73 111.00150 1.00000 0.81 24.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.28 0.00313 1.00 0.00 0.00000 -0.40 13.30 -64.00000 0.00 0.00029 -0.00000 0.00000 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 40.29 -31.00 0.00 0.00397 0.44 -24.00302 -0.30 -131.70 19.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.12 -131.00248 0.73 -111.00 0.07 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 40.00284 0.00029 MOM Z -14.56 4.00 0.29 31.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00651 0.46030 -1.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00599 -0.00 0.35 110.00000 0.30 161.75 10.00000 0.00 0.81 27.21 14.36 19.46030 0.00313 1.94394 1.06 40.00246 0.00831 -0.01729 -0.56 27.99 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 107 .30898 0.00000 0.01251 -0.28 -44.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.45 -4.00 0.00 0.34 4.29 161.00000 0.00000 0.00 -44.00 0.40 2.00 0.10 2.73 14.00000 0.00000 0.44 -17.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.28 -4.00 0.28 2.00000 0.44 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.06 14.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.98286 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 0.21 -39.70 19.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00150 1.45561 -0.00000 0.73 -15.61 -40.00000 0.00246 0.79 110.56 27.00 14.11 -50.00 0.12 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 15.00701 -0.00000 0.44 24.00000 0.00000 0.36 19.00 0.00 0.00248 0.00000 0.88 -31.00 0.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00 0.00831 -0.06 14.00000 0.81 24.00000 0.Example Problem 11 52.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.29 161.00000 -0.61 0.00000 0.40 2.00 0.00000 0.34 -8.00 0.00000 0.61 -40.00000 0.31 -15.00 0.28 17.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.02303 -0.00 0.06 40.70 -19.28 40.00 0.00000 0.35 116.30 64.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.44 -24.45561 -1.79 131.35 116.00 0.44 -4.56 27.00 0.70 -19.00 0.00 0.59 -9.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00701 -0.00000 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.84 2.73 -110.00 0.00000 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 4.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.28 -17.00 -14.28 -24.02370 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.30 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.35 -8.00 0.00000 0.00 0.21 -39.00000 0.00651 0.00000 0.56 27.00302 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.92 0.01706 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00397 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.88 14.56 -4.81 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 8.00000 0.30898 0.00000 0.00284 0.00 0.00000 0.54 23.00 0.28 -17.00000 0.00599 -0.02370 0.00674 -0.01729 -0.00 -13.01706 0.61 40.

992 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.63 -6.99 31.H2-1 0.H1-3 0.46 115.28 0.KIPS FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W21X48 PASS 19.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.16 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -4.00 0.00 44.40 2.00 -50.00 0.88 35.99 4 0.40 13.00 3 0.00 0.00 75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 26.34 -4.45 9.00 0.00 0.84 -8.45 0.00 0.21 -3.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.73 -15.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-3 0. 56.00 6.H1-2 0.833 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 6.00 0.34 13.28 29.28 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 8.00 0.00 0.00 143.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 26.84 2.34 9.00 -13.Part I .00 0.84 0.61 C 2 ST W21X48 PASS 40. 55.00 0.28 8.76 9.00 0.00 3 0.00 0.00 0.15 11.31 15.54 23. 54.35 C 4 ST W12X26 5 ST W14X61 6 ST W8X35 PASS 9.00 0.70 C 3 ST W12X30 PASS 13.00 0.00 .00 0.00 50.59 -9.00 0.00 3 0.00 0.99 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.00 0.16 -50.00 0.55 11.00 0.63 15.H1-3 0.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .28 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 8.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.77 9.91 -143.00 0.00 0.63 -6.872 0.76 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 15.88 23.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL STAAD.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.75 C PASS 3.00 131.21 3.00 0.966 0.21 T PASS 6.92 -8.21 3.00 0.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.899 0.10 23.942 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 15.11 50.40 15.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 3 10.28 4.91 -29.00 -3.99 -15.00 4 10.39 13.15 24.00 0.28 2.10 -44.34 0.00 0.00 0.28 44.00 0.00 0.58 115.21 24.10 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 143.58 -75.00 0.00 -131.88 50.84 -8.92 4.00 0.40 2.00 44.63 C (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.75 10.39 2.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. PRESS RESULTS. FROM THE UPPER MENU.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. THEN FILE SAVE. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * Europe support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * ************************************************************ 109 .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.Example Problem 11 57.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.co.reiusa. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.co. UPDATE PROPERTIES.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.co.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.

Application Examples 110 Example Problem 11 NOTES .Part I .

This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. To avoid looking into a lot of output. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. During this process.Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. 5' X 3 41 42 Z 30' 111 . the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members.

Y and Z increments of 0. the Y coordinates are given as all zeros. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis. . The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member number increment and joint number increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.Part I . The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated. Since this is a floor structure. UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 Joint number followed by X. The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60. The first line generates joints 1 through 6. With the repeat (R) command. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 & 30 respectively. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X.

WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck. UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. 20.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in FEET and KIP units. such as a truck.Example Problem 12 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 Member properties are assigned from the American AISC table for all members. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit. DISTANCE 10. WIDTH 10. that is. UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces. 10. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation. The word ST stands for standard single section.283E-3 ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from FT to INCH. 5. 3 axles ( 20 20 10) are specified with the LOAD command. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated. 113 .

the total distance travelled by the reference load will be the length of the vehicle (distance from first axle to last axle) plus the span of the bridge. that comes to (10+5) + 150 = 165 feet. it would required 165/15+1 = 12 cases to be generated.1 of the Technical Reference manual. 10 ft increments have been used. This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation. the X. If we want the vehicle to move forward in 15 feet increments (each 15 foot increment will create a discrete position of the truck on the bridge). The basis for determining the number of load cases to generate is as follows: As seen in Section 5. As this example is for demonstration purposes only.Part I . Thus.0 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1. For the first of these load cases. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5. and 10 cases generated. The first load case which is generated will be the one for which the first axle is just about to enter the bridge. The last load case should be the one for which the last axle is just about to exit the bridge. 0.1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1. 10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier. the reference wheel is on the last axle.0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1. ZI 10.5 0.Application Examples 114 Example Problem 12 SELF Y -1. The Z Increment of 10ft denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 10ft apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases.31. LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7. In this problem.31. .

PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file.Example Problem 12 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases. 115 . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

8.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 27. Intl.5 0. 21.000 -10. 10. ZI 10.50 10.00 10.000 -10.000 -5. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 6/ 21 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11. 14. DISTANCE 10. 23. 19.000 -5. 2.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 27. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 18.283E-3 ALL UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. 25. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 96 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 3 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 15.0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7.Application Examples 116 Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6. 17. 5. 9.000 -10.UNIT KIP MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -20. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.50 2. 22. 13.278 KIP LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD . DISK SPACE = 12.00 15.00 10. 12. WIDTH 10.00 LIN1 LIN2 . 0. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.2/ 3143. 4. 11. 26.7 MB.Part I .000 -5.00 15.00 15. 3.000 -20. 10. EXMEM = 568.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.00 10. 7. 5.000 -10. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. 24. 15. 20.000 -5.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 16. 20.

000 -5.00 25.50 2.000 -10.000 -20.00 15.000 L LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 15.000 -10.00 20.000 -10.000 -10.000 -10.00 25.00 25.000 -10.000 -10.00 10.50 10.000 -10.000 -10.00 25.000 -5.00 10.00 15.000 -5.00 20.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 CON -10.000 -5.000 -10.00 20.50 5.000 L 117 .000 -10.00 20.000 -5.00 10.00 25.000 -5.000 -5.000 -5.00 20.00 10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.00 10.00 20.00 5.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.00 25.00 2.000 -10.000 -10.000 -5.50 2.000 -10.00 5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 CON -20.UNIT KIP MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.00 25.00 15.000 -10.00 20.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.00 25.000 -10.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.000 -5.00 20.000 -5.000 -10.000 -20.000 -10.00 10.00 20.00 20.00 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 10.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10.000 -5.000 -20.00 10.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 CON -10.00 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -5.00 5.00 10.000 -10.000 -10.00 20.Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -5.

000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 CON -10.50 2.00 10.000 -5.000 -5.000 -10.000 -5.00 10.00 20.000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -10.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.00 5.00 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -5.00 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -5.00 2.00 20.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.000 -10.50 5.50 10.00 5.00 20.00 25.000 -10.000 -10.50 5.50 2.000 L .000 -5.000 -5.00 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 10.000 -10.000 -5.000 -20.00 5.000 -20.000 -10.00 15.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -20.00 20.000 -10.00 20.000 -10.000 -5.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.000 -10.000 -10.000 -5.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 20.00 15.00 2.000 -20.000 -20.00 5.00 25.UNIT KIP MEMBER 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.000 -10.000 -10.00 20.00 20.00 15.Application Examples 118 Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 25.000 -5.000 -10.000 -20.00 10.000 -5.00 20.000 -10.50 2.00 5.00 10.00 20.Part I .00 5.00 10.000 -5.000 -10.00 15.00 20.00 25.

00 0.00 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 28.00 10.80 0.00 5 1 10 11 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 10.00 1 0.com * * Europe support@reel.50 10.00 -4.00 30.50 2.00 0.00 10 1 11 11 6.90 0.00 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 29.00 5.000 -5.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 30.00 0.00 10.00 5.00 4 1 5 11 16.co.06 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL FEET L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -20. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.00 1 1 1 11 6.00 5 1 10 11 FX DIST 0.net * ************************************************************ 119 .00 -6.00 15.00 -373.06 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= LD **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 15.000 -10.00 5.00 5.00 5.000 -10.00 -109.00 0.00 5.00 15.00 1 0.00 0.reiusa.000 -20.Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .03 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.000 -10.000 -5.00 1 0.00 15.00 11 0.000 -5.00 5.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.000 -5.89 0.co.Pro.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KIP FEET MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN 42 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD 18.08 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.80 0.33 0.00 11 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 2.00 3 1 3 11 0.000 -10.00 0.50 5.02 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 30.00 5.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 30.00 0.97 0.00 0.00 -99.00 5.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.08 0.

Part I .Application Examples 120 Example Problem 12 NOTES .

121 . 13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example.Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends and several intermediate points of the members.0 k 2 2 3 1 3 1 4 X The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure. Y 3.0 k/ft 5.

and Y coordinates are provided above. 15. 0. UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000.Application Examples 122 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. Joint number followed by X. 4 20. the Z coordinates need not be provided. Semicolon signs (. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. . 3 20. . 2 0. Since this is a plane structure. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. 15. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 2 2 3 . 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 Properties for all members are assigned from the American AISC steel table.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL In the above lines. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . . . The word ST stands for standard single section.Part I . material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from FT to INCH.

PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE * POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS). PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory. all three translations are restrained. UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. At joint 4. 4 PINNED Joint 1 is restrained for all six degrees of freedom. THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS * UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH * POINTS. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED . JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5. 123 . MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction. Load 1 contains a joint load of 5 kips at node 2.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Application Examples 124 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER. . * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT The above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above.Part I .

63 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.00 0. 7.39 0.88 -60.03 -4. 28. 15. 125 .Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 15. 21. 16. 4.37 0. Intl. 4 20. THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH POINTS. 0.00 0. * * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAMND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS).37 -27. 11.00 7. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 20. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3. .0/ 3143. 0.03 0. 2 2 3 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 27. 19.00 0. 8.37 32. 10. 6. 15.00 0. 9.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.03 27. 3.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . 3 20. .39 3 1 3 4 32. . 22. 2.3 MB. 18.00 22.97 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0. 26.00 0. 27. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.88 2 1 2 3 4. 29. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.63 -32.97 -0.63 4.00 60. 4 PINNED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5. 12.00 0.00 0. 17. 3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. 14. 2 0.00 0. 13.03 -4. 5. EXMEM = 568.00 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED .2 MB 23. 25. 30.49 -7.

9318 1.9544 1.net * ************************************************************ . 36.9122 DISP = AT -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.0000 0.0000 0.0000 75.0000 0.3882 0.0385 1.6719 0.9158 1.6480 LOAD -0.0054 -0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.0321 -0.0000 0. THE LOCATION * OF THE MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.0188 -0.83895 AT 0.0000 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.reiusa.Pro.0027 -0.9147 1.3260 -1.0822 1.0000 90.Y.0215 -0.0000 0.0000 0. * THIS VALUE IS MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE STRAIGHT * LINE JOINING START AND END JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.0000 437 0.0257 -0.9165 DISP = 0.0000 0.9162 1.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.0323 -0.3303 L/DISP= -0.2856 -0.9890 0.6316 -0. 32.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.3523 -1.0720 2.9122 2.2067 -1.3931 1.0000 0.41111 1.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Part I .0108 -0.0000 0.9140 1.0296 1 1.0000 0.31688 1.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.0081 -0.7736 1.com * * Europe support@reel. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X.0000 0.0000 120.co.5471 0.0135 -0.0000 0.1538 1.0242 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0173 0. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.0000 0.5474 0.0032 1 L/DISP= 0.0000 0.0000 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.0096 -0.0162 -0.0000 0. 33.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.9165 1.9151 1.0000 DISP = 0. 37.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0.0000 -0.2539 0.0192 -0.co.3903 -1.0000 0.0385 -0.0269 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.0000 0.9082 -0.0000 0.0160 -0.9136 1.0000 0.0064 0.9154 1.0000 0.9129 1.0000 182 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.9143 1.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. 35.0000 0.0000 0.0128 -0.2833 0.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 13 31.00 0.0353 -0.0289 -0.1331 -0.0323 AT -0.1494 1.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.3398 LOAD L/DISP= -0.0000 214 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** 38.7221 -1.co.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.0666 0.0000 0.1486 2.1461 0.0000 0.9125 LOAD 1 2.7290 1.0010 -1.0225 -0.0000 0.0000 0.9133 1.0000 0.0000 0. 34.

Example Problem 13 NOTES 127 .

Part I .Application Examples 128 Example Problem 13 NOTES .

The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously.Example Problem 14 Example Problem No. 14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. 49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 129 .

this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 10 feet for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16. coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced. Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here. The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times. First. Then.Part I .Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 The X. UNIT FEET KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136. A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 . the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64.

UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in American (AISC) steel table.2 I 1. The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD. CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants. members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1. UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2. Finally.25 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads. 131 . Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor.5 CT 0. the default built-in values are used. The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands.Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236.

It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only. LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. it is important that we add horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case. Along with the UBC load. Vertical loads too are part of this case.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. and. In other words.25 In load case 2. .Part I .25 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of load case number.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. joint weights and/or member weights.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. deadweight and other vertical loads are also added to the same load case. Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight. the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. Member weights are not shown in this example. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc. PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report in the output file of all the applied and generated loadings. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads. the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction.Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 Importance factor.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2.

133 .Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory.

STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. 25. 4. 43. 49.25 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2. 22. 21.25 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 37. 11. 35. 47. 23. 19.2 I 1. 28.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.Part I . 33.25 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA .5 49 TO 64 FY -1. 52. 5. 9. 53. 3. 12. 45. 42.Application Examples 134 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 15. 29. 30. 44. 8. 40. 24. 6. 50. 20. 18. 27. 38.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. 7. 17. 16. 48.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. Intl. 32. 34. 46. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 36. 2. 31. 13. 26. 51.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 41. 14. 39.5 CT 0. 10.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 135 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.Example Problem 14 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 16/ 14/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.3 MB.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 23 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.4/ 3143.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0. EXMEM = 568.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.50 -2.

50 -2.00 0.00 -2.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 = 17.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7500.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.53 = 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 * * C = 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 X 285.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.252 Tuser = 0.00 0.000 * * C = 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.0611 X 285.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** .00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.988 Tuser = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.273 0.000 0.000 0.125 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 20.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.000 0.000 0.125 0.000 0.250 0.357 0.719 137 .000 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.154 0.154 0.307 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.000 ----------0.364 0.357 0.182 0.000 0.442 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.364 0.750 0.182 0.250 0.000 0.307 0.000 FEET 0.357 0.442 0.456 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.307 0.273 0.154 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 1 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.442 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 ----------0.154 0.154 0.442 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.125 0.000 0.182 0.273 0.364 0.000 0.307 0.307 0.357 0.154 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.000 0.182 0.357 0.307 0.000 0.

273 ----------TOTAL = 5.250 0.000 0.357 0.357 0.442 0.125 0.000 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.154 0.000 0.000 0.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.154 0.273 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 2 0.154 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 FEET 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 ----------0.000 ----------0.000 0.307 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.719 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .182 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 20.154 0.154 0.307 0.125 0.273 0.000 0.357 0.357 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.000 0.154 0.000 ----------0.442 0.182 0.000 0.000 0.182 0.456 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 0.000 0.364 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.307 0.154 0.357 0.000 0.273 0.442 0.357 0.307 0.125 0.182 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.357 0.000 0.442 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.750 0.364 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.Part I .364 0.000 0.

00 0.02 5.10 0.00 0.52 12.52 21.00 0.24 -0.83 0.82 0.01 -4.05 -4. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -0.33 5.00 0.82 0.01 -0.11 -0.37 -0.co.00 -0.92 -0.00 0.01 -0.01 -0.02 0.11 -0.00 0.33 4.01 -0.02 5.82 -0.00 0.01 -0.62 17.24 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.02 5.80 0.10 0.01 -0.33 5.00 0.11 -0.95 22.01 -4.82 -0.01 -0.41 16.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.11 -0.00 0.00 0.co.02 5.02 5.01 -4.62 0.01 -0.00 0.91 0.62 0.61 0.82 -0.33 4.38 0.69 20.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.05 11.05 16.36 14.82 -0.33 -0.82 -0.80 0.05 -4.00 0.02 5.33 -0.00 0.25 -0.83 0.59 17.05 -4.24 0.33 -0.88 21.11 -0.00 0.02 5.01 -4.80 0.31 19.82 0.00 -0.51 17.05 -4.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.37 0.92 -0.95 15.11 -0.76 20.41 21.00 0.00 -0.31 17.00 0.00 0.38 -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.44 -0.38 -0.62 19.00 0.33 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 55.37 0.11 12. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.38 -0.reiusa.01 -0.93 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.10 14.24 0.36 -0.00 0.33 5.95 17.83 -0.01 -0.83 0.33 0.Pro.00 -0.com * * Europe support@reel.30 0.82 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 -0.01 -4.88 20.00 0.69 11.90 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 139 .00 0.83 -0.00 0.36 19.05 -4.01 -0.69 22.00 4.01 -0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.33 4.01 -0.30 0.51 15.01 -0.25 -0.10 19.37 0.01 -4.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 -0.93 -0.15 0.00 0.11 -0.59 16.00 -0.05 -4.02 5.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.90 0.00 0.36 -0.82 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.80 0.38 0.02 0.34 -0.95 20.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.83 -0.00 -0.01 -4.33 5.Example Problem 14 54.61 0.38 0.91 0.15 17.76 21.05 -4.00 0.05 -4.01 -4.44 -0.01 -0.34 -0.co.69 16.

Application Examples 140 Example Problem 14 NOTES .Part I .

15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities. 17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 141 .Example Problem 15 Example Problem No.

31 11 16 32 17 20 . 30 13 15 . Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 12 ft. 34 18 21 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X. MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 .Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE . 33 20 22 . Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD. Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs. UNIT FEET KIP The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used for data to follow. 36 19 24 .Part I . The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame.WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem. 29 10 13 . 28 12 14 . 35 21 23 .

Three different sections have been used.90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints. distributed loads on members.85 JOINT 17 20 22 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading. Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions. UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0.1 0. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can 143 . In this case.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in American (AISC) steel table. SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification. the default values have been used. or pressure loads on plates.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0.

The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here.). ft) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 12 ft. In this example.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation. 20 and 22.25 XRANGE 10. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.2 . WIND loading TYPE 1.9 24. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure. LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12 FT AND 24 FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11. two different exposure factors are specified.45 XRANGE 0. and 12 to 24 ft. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification.Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility.0 ZRANGE 0.0 ZRANGE 0.1 FLOAD -0. is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1.1 Kips/sq.0 20. .1 FLOAD -0. In this case. In this case.0 YRANGE 23.9 12.Part I .1 FLOAD -0. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.85 for joints 17.9 12. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction.0 21. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. two different wind intensities (0.25 . The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 11 ft. The input specification is done in two stages. This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input. defined previously.13 ft.0 10.15 Kips/sq. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases. ft and 0.0 20.0 YRANGE 11. and converts them to values that can then be used as concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases. In the EXPOSURE factor specification.

0 ft. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory. The -0.9-12. For example.0-20. XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 11.0-10. XRANGE of 0. In a floor load generation. The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution. a floor load generation is performed.0 ft and ZRANGE of 0. The YRANGE. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces and distributed forces on the members located in that region. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification. 145 .45 Kip/sq.Example Problem 15 In load case 2 in this problem. ft in the negative global Y direction.45 signifies that the pressure is 0.1 ft. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system.

EXMEM = 568. 43. 9. 13. 27. 28 12 14 . 37. 23. 5. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD SPACE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 .0 21.0 20.1/ 3143. 40.85 JOINT 17 20 22 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. 33 20 22 . 44.0 ZRANGE 0.Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 1. 39. 31 11 16 32 17 20 .2 MB .9 12. 48. 34. 21. 22.1 FLOAD -0. 50. 42. 25. 20. 2.1 FLOAD -0.1 FLOAD -0.2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11.0 10. 16. 18. 34 18 21 . 29 10 13 .90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. 6.1 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 7 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 32. 36 19 24 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0.Part I .25 XRANGE 10. 19.1 MB. 24. 47. 30. 7.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0. 29.0 20.0 ZRANGE 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 26. 17. Intl. 3. 46.25 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 38. 45. 10. 8.9 24. 4. 12. 28. **************************************************** * * * STAAD. DISK SPACE = 12. 36. 35. 49.0 YRANGE 23.9 12. 33. 30 13 15 .0 YRANGE 11. 31.45 XRANGE 0. 14. 35 21 23 . 15. 11. 41.

00 0.80 8.18 7.264 -0.20 2.318 -1.088 -0.07 4.318 -1.20 2.03 9.318 -1.10 4.31 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 8.97 1.00 0.42 9.58 2.93 6.93 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.967 -1.318 -1.55 7.00 0.088 -0.58 0.80 8.00 0.791 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.088 -0.00 0.00 0.10 16.00 0.18 4.60 8.143 -0.264 -0.615 -0.00 0.967 -0.791 -0.967 -1.97 1.264 -0.59 9.00 0.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 UDL L1 L2 CON -0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.088 -0.42 0.967 -0.088 -0.00 0.45 4.00 0.615 -0.00 0.615 -0.00 0.42 9.42 9.00 0.00 0.439 -0.439 -0.143 -0.58 2.318 -1.143 -1.00 LOADING 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT ----------MEMBER LOAD .55 7.20 3.439 -0.42 0.00 0.088 -0.69 5.615 -0.69 5.58 2.97 1.45 4.82 3.20 2.42 0.439 -0.00 0.31 5.00 0.00 0.264 -0.Example Problem 15 LOADING 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION ----------JOINT LOAD .UNIT KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 3.439 -0.791 -0.00 0.143 -0.20 2.00 0.18 7.31 5.58 2.00 0.264 -0.967 -0.69 5.00 0.264 -0.59 0.07 4.318 -1.00 0.143 -1.45 4.00 0.07 4.615 -0.00 0.60 7.791 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 1.791 -0.58 0.00 0.088 -0.93 6.791 -0.439 -0.82 3.143 -1.18 7.967 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.439 -0.00 0.82 3.615 -0.03 9.82 LIN1 LIN2 147 .264 -0.791 -0.80 8.615 -0.03 9.58 0.55 7.

58 0.58 2.18 7.143 -0.20 2.42 0.03 9.31 5.439 -0.791 -0.20 2.80 8.439 -0.439 -0.967 -1.967 -0.791 -0.439 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.615 -0.80 8.615 -0.143 -1.143 -1.42 9.088 -0.31 5.143 -1.318 -1.07 4.318 -1.615 -0.69 5.82 3.264 -0.69 5.615 -0.967 -0.80 8.45 4.55 7.143 -0.69 5.58 2.31 5.967 -0.93 6.264 -0.31 5.97 1.80 8.088 -0.318 -1.42 LIN1 LIN2 .088 -0.088 -0.82 3.143 -0.439 -0.45 4.615 -0.967 -0.03 9.45 4.55 7.439 -0.Part I .58 0.58 0.318 -1.264 -0.42 9.42 0.31 5.439 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 FEET L2 CON -0.615 -0.791 -0.03 9.439 -0.97 1.20 2.967 -1.615 -0.088 -0.18 7.55 7.967 -1.20 2.82 3.55 7.615 -0.318 -1.791 -0.143 -0.967 -1.088 -0.07 4.97 1.18 7.088 -0.439 -0.264 -0.07 4.58 2.318 -1.69 5.791 -0.Application Examples 148 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .42 0.264 -0.791 -0.791 -0.318 -1.07 4.55 7.58 0.42 0.143 -1.967 -1.03 9.264 -0.143 -0.93 6.615 -0.143 -1.45 4.791 -0.18 7.58 2.80 8.93 6.93 6.088 -0.318 -1.97 1.07 4.82 3.42 9.42 9.264 -0.967 -0.318 -1.791 -0.93 6.69 5.264 -0.318 -1.18 7.45 4.

532 -0.886 -0.11 3.50 0.295 -0.886 -0.414 -0.84 6.54 -0.11 3.059 -0.52 7.79 4.48 5.768 -0.79 4.295 -0.58 9.74 2.03 9.46 1.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .46 1.16 14.07 1.21 16.11 3.177 -0.54 4.295 -0.059 -0.16 5.414 -0.886 -0.177 -0.26 9.375 GY FEET L2 5.74 2.768 -0.264 -0.84 6.768 -0.532 -0.177 -0.48 5.50 CON L -0.58 8.93 10.650 -0.07 1.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 -1.414 -0.16 -0.58 9.50 4.42 3.177 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.375 GY -1.650 -0.74 2.088 -0.295 -0.059 -0.059 -0.16 5.26 9.768 -0.00 LIN1 LIN2 149 .89 8.650 -0.07 1.58 18.375 GY -1.89 7.93 19.532 -0.26 8.00 5.07 1.79 4.42 3.650 -0.54 0.768 -0.768 -0.52 7.295 -0.414 -0.886 -0.50 10.177 -0.886 -0.21 7.295 -0.52 6.059 -0.414 -0.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.532 -0.650 -0.768 -0.93 9.42 3.48 5.532 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 9.059 -0.059 -0.58 0.74 2.650 -0.84 15.532 -0.295 -0.177 -0.414 -0.26 18.54 0.89 8.768 -0.532 -0.89 17.93 10.46 1.414 -0.84 5.650 -0.11 3.79 4.21 7.414 -0.886 -0.177 -0.532 -0.295 -0.48 5.46 1.650 -0.52 16.21 6.177 -0.42 3.

69 5.768 -0.80 8.69 5.42 9.45 4.69 5.55 7.58 2.732 -0.244 -0.146 -0.244 -0.049 -0.42 3.42 9.31 5.439 -0.45 4.03 9.635 -0.244 -0.342 -0.146 -0.42 9.732 -0.635 -0.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .537 -0.82 3.342 -0.635 -0.03 9.732 -0.732 -0.42 9.03 9.049 -0.97 1.31 5.18 7.635 -0.42 0.537 -0.635 -0.342 -0.342 -0.439 -0.732 -0.537 -0.93 6.48 5.439 -0.732 -0.537 -0.58 0.439 -0.84 LIN1 LIN2 .79 4.58 0.80 8.635 -0.414 -0.97 1.97 1.650 -0.059 -0.55 7.177 -0.244 -0.20 2.439 -0.146 -0.049 -0.537 -0.58 0.886 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.55 7.146 -0.80 8.049 -0.82 3.07 1.20 2.439 -0.049 -0.295 -0.537 -0.93 6.20 2.69 5.42 0.93 6.18 7.342 -0.07 4.58 2.82 3.635 -0.11 3.74 2.55 7.439 -0.049 -0.58 2.31 5.244 -0.45 4.07 4.07 4.342 -0.049 -0.93 6.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 FEET L2 CON -0.18 7.537 -0.45 4.439 -0.42 0.18 7.46 1.146 -0.532 -0.58 0.146 -0.244 -0.20 2.732 -0.146 -0.342 -0.049 -0.97 1.146 -0.31 5.16 5.07 4.Part I .244 -0.58 2.42 0.03 9.886 -0.342 -0.537 -0.244 -0.635 -0.732 -0.82 3.80 8.

177 -0.532 -0.21 16.79 4.886 -0.93 19.059 -0.07 1.52 6.54 0.650 -0.342 -0.886 -0.768 -0.82 3.58 9.16 5.79 4.54 -0.50 4.26 9.177 -0.58 9.42 3.650 -0.650 -0.93 10.84 15.375 GY -1.45 4.146 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.48 5.059 -0.07 4.414 -0.532 -0.049 -0.295 -0.295 -0.439 -0.48 5.414 -0.177 -0.295 -0.48 5.74 2.886 -0.54 0.295 -0.07 1.532 -0.46 1.18 7.16 -0.93 10.89 17.244 -0.532 -0.79 4.84 6.11 3.537 -0.89 7.26 18.89 8.768 -0.46 1.768 -0.375 GY FEET L2 5.059 -0.97 1.55 7.768 -0.42 3.21 7.650 -0.26 9.00 LIN1 LIN2 151 .177 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.31 5.177 -0.059 -0.295 -0.58 2.74 2.414 -0.414 -0.54 4.50 CON L -0.16 -0.177 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 -1.42 3.42 0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.537 -0.50 10.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.244 -0.768 -0.414 -0.532 -0.375 GY -1.732 -0.886 -0.11 3.21 6.532 -0.342 -0.059 -0.11 3.439 -0.52 7.58 8.21 7.26 8.00 5.650 -0.414 -0.20 2.80 8.635 -0.93 9.532 -0.414 -0.89 8.768 -0.84 5.295 -0.69 5.650 -0.52 16.732 -0.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .42 9.46 1.50 0.650 -0.146 -0.059 -0.07 1.635 -0.768 -0.74 2.93 6.03 14.58 18.177 -0.295 -0.52 7.

049 -0.69 5.31 5.97 1.439 -0.55 7.97 1.80 8.732 -0.537 -0.049 -0.732 -0.55 7.18 7.42 0.244 -0.342 -0.45 4.049 -0.439 -0.45 4.146 -0.42 0.93 6.244 -0.342 -0.342 -0.82 3.69 5.20 2.146 -0.03 9.049 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 9.80 8.42 9.146 -0.97 1.635 -0.732 -0.342 -0.Part I .439 -0.20 2.58 0.537 -0.732 -0.58 2.439 -0.342 -0.244 -0.244 -0.55 7.18 7.049 -0.635 -0.58 2.635 -0.93 6.635 -0.42 9.537 -0.58 0.635 -0.03 9.537 -0.31 5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 FEET L2 CON -0.439 -0.58 0.93 6.20 2.80 8.049 -0.439 -0.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .07 4.42 0.049 -0.07 4.635 -0.42 9.146 -0.146 -0.537 -0.537 -0.342 -0.82 3.18 7.07 4.31 5.58 2.69 5.244 -0.244 -0.45 4.03 9.58 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ LIN2 .146 -0.732 -0.82 3.732 -0.

49 18.15 -5.22 27.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 153 .00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.66 2.26 -0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 52.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.17 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 15 51.03 0.00 0.00 0.15 -5.74 -6.03 0.41 -19.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 2.00 0.45 29.01 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.17 0.reiusa.00 0.57 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.03 -0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.35 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.41 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.01 0.04 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.32 38.co.65 14.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.00 0.57 -0.57 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 -7.05 -16.17 15.Pro.22 27.35 0.01 0.00 -0.26 -0.30 -7.00 0.00 -0.76 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.04 0.25 -14.17 0.00 0.00 0.45 29.co.00 0.65 14.33 66.00 0.25 -16. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 154 Example Problem 15 NOTES .

16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses.Example Problem 16 Example Problem No. The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. 155 . The maxima of the joint displacements. member end forces and support reactions are determined.

0 3 0.0 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame. Since this is a PLANE frame.0 4 0. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3.0 7. UNITS FEET KIP Specifies the units to be used for data to follow.0 0.Application Examples 156 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD.0 Joint number followed by the X.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis.5 0. Area of cross section "AX". CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL .0 The PRISMATIC attribute is used for assigning properties for all the members.0 10.5 0.0 IZ 240.0 2 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4.0 3.Part I .

82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. Following this data.61 2. the damping ratio is the same (7. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0. The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake).6731 2. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs.2244 2.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2.0449 1. density and Poisson’s ratio.5 Load case 1 above is a static load case. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified.0001 0.5 -0.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.0 0.82 2.0 0.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 157 .5 -38. First.0 -0.721 1.001 0.5%) for all modes. In this example.5 115. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis.0 0. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.2244 1.5 -7. A uniformly distributed force of 0. The first stage is defined above.5 0.Example Problem 16 The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E".5 kip/ft acts along the global X direction on all 3 members.0 -115.0 -38.61 1.5 0. the characteristics of the time varying load are provided.0 DAMPING 0.

the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node. UNIT FEET PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step. For each degree of freedom. UNIT INCH PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command. The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load commands. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force. The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history. The Ground motion. at nodes 2 and 3. the Type 2 time history loading. FINISH . the program calculates joint displacements for every time step. The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights. namely. acting in the global X direction. Following that.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 16 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure. So. is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1. The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process.Part I . at arrival time number 1.

4.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2.61 1. 29. 30.5 -7. 3.0 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3. EXMEM = 568. DISK SPACE = 12. 24. 35. 26.5 -38. 9. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 31.2244 1.0 0.61 2. 38.001 0.0 IZ 240. 15.0 3 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 8. 27. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 0. 12. 16.0 -38.5 0.5 115. 22.0 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. Intl. 7. 32.0 2 0. 6.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 -115.0 10. 39. 13. 34.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.82 2.2 MB MORE MODES WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 37.0 3.0/ 3143. 10.5 0.0001 0.0 7. 23. 36.2244 2.0 4 0.721 1. 18. 33.075 UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0.0 0. 21.0 0. 14. 25.0 0. 19.6731 2.5 -0.0449 1. 17.0 MB.5 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. 28.0 -0. 11.5 0.0 0. NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 6 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: SUBSPACE METHOD *** 159 . 20. 5.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 DAMPING 0. 2.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.

00 0.604E-08 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00075 -0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00050 -0.00000 0.00061 ACCURACY 4.00000 0.00 0.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= FEET -2.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.000 0.00000 0.00000 0.000 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 240.00075 .Part I .000000E+00 0.00038 0.000 100.00 0.00100.03537 0.000000 Z= 0.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.Application Examples 160 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1 2 3 4 14.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.06869 0.864824E+00 2.00000 0.00103 -0.00103 0.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.00000 0.000 0.00000 0.000 0.00000 0.623 1637.000 0.00050 0.00000 0.499 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1799 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.00000 0.00000 0.387 945.000000E+00 0.02632 0.00000 0.00 0.359E-13 4.02632 0.000 100.006944 Y= 0.347E-16 1.868 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.000 100.00000 Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.00 0. UNIT FEET Z-ROTAN -0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.01773 0.559 56.00106 0.000 0.00 100.00000 0.000 100.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00038 0.000 100.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.000000 40.03537 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.00000 0.00 0. UNIT INCH 41.105E-09 2.

Example Problem 16
43. PRINT MEMBER FORCES

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
2
1
2

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2.62
-0.88
1.43
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
6.12
0.00
5.01

2
3
2
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.88
0.88
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
6.12
-5.01
5.01

3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.88
2.62
-1.43
1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
0.00
-5.01
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

44. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP
----------------JOINT
1
4

FEET

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-2.62
-1.43
-2.62
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

45. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

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161

Part I - Application Examples

162

Example Problem 16

NOTES

Example Problem 17

Example Problem No. 17
The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this
example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. User
provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not
found in the built-in steel section tables.

Y
15'

15'

16
14

10

9

12

14

11

15

18
17

8

7

15

16

20

9 21

13

22

11

9'

13

12
19

8

23

10

4

15'

2

Pinned

3

5

4

6

5

1

7

6

3
20'

2

1

X

163

Part I - Application Examples

164

Example Problem 17

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE
Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. The
PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane
frame.
UNIT FT KIP
The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used for
data to follow.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. ; 2 30 0 ; 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0
7 0 35 ; 8 30 35 ; 9 7.5 35 ; 10 22.5 35.
11 15 35 ; 12 5. 38. ; 13 25 38 ; 14 10 41 ; 15 20 41
16 15 44
The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the
various joints of the structure. The cartesian system is being used
here. The data consists of the joint number followed by global X
and Y coordinates. Note that for a space frame, the Z coordinate(s)
need to be provided also. In the above input, semicolon (;) signs
are used as line separators. This allows the user to provide
multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCES
113;237;326;468;534
6 4 5 ; 7 5 6 ; 8 7 12 ; 9 12 14
10 14 16 ; 11 15 16 ; 12 13 15 ; 13 8 13
14 9 12 ; 15 9 14 ; 16 11 14 ; 17 11 15
18 10 15 ; 19 10 13 ; 20 7 9
21 9 11 ; 22 10 11 ; 23 8 10
The above data set contains the member incidence information or
the joint connectivity data for each member. This completes the
geometry of the structure.
UNIT INCH
START USER TABLE

Example Problem 17

This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table. All
user provided steel tables must start with this command.
TABLE 1
Each table needs a unique numerical identification. The above
command starts setting up Table no. 1. Upto twenty tables may be
specified per run.
WIDE FLANGE
This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE
FLANGE in this table. Note that several section-types (WIDE
FLANGE, CHANNEL, ANGLE, TEE etc.) are available for
specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual).
WFL14X30
8.85 13.84 .27 6.73 .385 291. 19.6 .38 4.0 4.1
WFL21X62
18.3 20.99 .4 8.24 .615 1330 57.5 1.83 0.84 7.0
WFL14X109
32. 14.32 .525 14.605 .86 1240 447 7.12 7.52 16.
The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide
flange sections. The data for each section consists of two parts. In
the first line, the section-name is provided. The user is allowed to
provide any section name within twelve characters. The second
line contains the section properties required for the particular
section-type. Each section-type requires a certain number of data
(area of cross-section, depth, moment of inertias etc.) provided in
a certain order. For example, in this case, for wide flanges, ten
different properties are required. For detailed information on the
various properties required for the different section-types and their
order of specification, refer to Section 5.19 in the STAAD
Technical Reference Manual. Without exception, all required
properties for the particular section-type must be provided.
TABLE 2
ANGLES
LANG25255
2.5 2.5 .3125 .489 0 0

165

Part I - Application Examples

166

Example Problem 17

LANG40404
4 4 .25 .795 0 0
The above command and data lines set up another user provided
table consisting of angle sections.
END
This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.
All user provided table related input must be terminated with this
command.
MEMBER PROPERTIES
1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109
2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 ; 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62
8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30
14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404
In the above command lines, the member properties are being
assigned from the user provided tables created earlier. The word
UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table.
This is followed by the table number and then the section name as
specified in the user provided table. The numbers 1 or 2 following
the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are
fetched.
MEMBER TRUSS
14 TO 23
The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as
truss members.
MEMBER RELEASE
5 START MZ
The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ
moment at the start joint of member no. 5.
UNIT INCH
This command resets the current length unit to inches.

Example Problem 17

CONSTANTS
E 29000. ALL
DEN 0.000283 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
BETA 90.0 MEMB 3 4
The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity,
density, Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values.
UNIT FT
The length unit is reset to feet using this command.
SUPPORT
1 FIXED ; 2 PINNED
The above command set is used to designate supports. Here, joint 1
is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a
pinned support.
LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0
JOINT LOAD
4 5 FY -15. ; 11 FY -35.
MEMB LOAD
8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.9 ; 6 UNI GY -1.2
The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the
structure. In this case, dead and live loads are provided through
load case 1. It consists of selfweight, concentrated loads at joints
4, 5 and 11, and distributed loads on members 6, and 8 to 13.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this
point.
PARAMETER
CODE AISC
BEAM 1.0 ALL
NSF 0.85 ALL

167

It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same problem. SELECT MEMBER 3 6 9 19 This command will perform selection of members per the AISC ASD steel design code. the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned. For each member.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 17 KY 1. the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property.Part I . . In this case.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.615 1330 57. .12 7.1 WFL21X62 18.85 13. 48. 17. 49. Intl. .73 .25 . 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 .99 . 41. 2 30 0 .6 . 6 UNI GY -1. 11 15 16 . 24. 12 5. 27. 42. 0.52 16. 45. 7. 15. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.5 1.5 35. 23. 52. 40. 56.27 6. 11. .84 . 32.3125 . 21. 53. 16. 11 15 35 . 38. 19.9 .385 291. 6. 12.83 0. 13. 10 22.24 . 15 20 41 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 22 10 11 . 3. 8 7 12 .3 20. 43.86 1240 447 7.84 7.Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 33.605 . 7 5 6 .5 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.489 0 0 LANG40404 4 4 . 36. 31.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90.0 4. 9. 14 10 41 . 28.5 35 . 19 10 13 . 23 8 10 UNIT INCH START USER TABLE TABLE 1 WIDE FLANGE WFL14X30 8. 35. 30. 38. 2.4 8.5 2. 3 2 6 . 25. 22. 55. 16 11 14 . 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 44. 51. 29. 14.525 14. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 4. 46. 50. TABLE 2 ANGLES LANG25255 2.38 4. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 19. 13 25 38 . 11 FY -35. 12 13 15 .0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 54. 39.0 WFL14X109 32. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.795 0 0 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109 2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 . 18.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. 8 30 35 . 14. 8. 9 7. 15 9 14 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 5.32 . 37. 20.2 PERFORM ANALYSIS 169 . 2 3 7 . 26. 4 6 8 . 47. 34. 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62 8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30 14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000 ALL DEN 0.

81 T 19 (UPT) AISC.2 MEMB 3 4 SELECT MEMB 3 6 9 19 STAAD.0/ 40262.H1-3 -35.57 1 2.845 -190.83 0.00 1 20.32 C 6 ST WFL21X62 9 ST WFL14X30 ST PASS 37. 59.NO.00 .98 C PASS 3. 58.373 0. 31 37 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 57.3 MB 2 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.852 -54.00 (UPT) AISC.00 0. 11 EQN.00 (UPT) AISC.Application Examples 170 Example Problem 17 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 ALL NSF 0.H1-2 0.85 ALL KY 1.46 1 5.50 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 10 EQN.00 1 0.86 C LANG25255 PASS 3.H1-1 0.PRO MEMBER SELECTION . THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.201 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .Part I .H2-1 0.68 (UPT) AISC. 60. 62. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 3 TABLE ST WFL14X109 PASS 57.NO. 61.NO.

IN THE POST PROCESSOR.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. FROM THE UPPER MENU. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. UPDATE PROPERTIES.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.com * * Europe support@reel.reiusa.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co. THEN FILE SAVE. PRESS RESULTS. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.net * ************************************************************ 171 .Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Example Problem 17 63.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.

Application Examples 172 Example Problem 17 NOTES .Part I .

3. 4. 2. 9. 13 Load intensity = 1 pound/in 2 in negative global Y direction X 173 . 3 ft 1 2 1 5 3 2 6 3 ft 4 9 13 3 7 5 10 7 8 6 11 8 14 4 12 9 15 16 Z Fixed Supports at Joints 1.Example Problem 18 Example Problem No. 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 5.

the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first. based on which. SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure). JOINT COORDINATES 10004300 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 Joint number followed by X. The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4.0 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 1 inch.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.Part I . CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD.

Example Problem 18 "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints. shear stresses. UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. in is applied on all the elements. the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z. The output includes membrane stresses. 175 . bending moments per unit width and principal stresses.0 A uniform pressure of 1 pound/sq. In the absence of an explicit direction specification. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory.

09 0.00 0. 21.00 0.Application Examples 176 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.51 -853. 6.00 0. Intl.41 281. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 3 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1.00 0.51 -16. 8. 4.00 0.00 0.00 0. 3. 12. 9.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 14.00 0.14 301.09 853.00 0.00 -9.00 0.2 MB 7 96 23.81 -2821. 7. 16.81 95.00 0. 19.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.50 -769.00 0.14 301. 10.00 0.33 70.00 -12.1/ 40262. 2.33 0. 17.81 -95. 11.Part I . 15.81 2821.00 0.76 70. 13. 22. 18.50 769.00 0.43 -2127.22 16.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT POUN INCH ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00 0.41 281.00 12.43 2127.00 0. 20. 5.0 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1.

Pro.90 605.43 0.00 300. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.3 ANGLE= -23.87 ANGLE= -23.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.94 16.99 SMIN= 7.00 36.99 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 85.co.99 SMAX= -7.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. 4 4 CASE NO.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.net * ************************************************************ 177 .99 SMAX= 608.43 605. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 4 SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 TOP : BOTT: 10. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.089873E+02 -6.co.reiusa.25 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -9.089873E+02 PLATE NO.00 608.Example Problem 18 24.39 0.3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 6.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. 1 1 3.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.25 TMAX= SMIN= -608.39 608.053947E+02 4 1 6.com * * Europe support@reel.87 300.81 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.089873E+02 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 25.008685E+02 4 1 6.

1667 = 101.90 = 0.0 + S 0.Application Examples 178 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.Part I .0 + S 0.43 1/6t 2 = σx = SX + pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch 1/6*1 2 = 0.0 + S 0.0 0.0 16.43 = 0.38 pounds/in 2 σy = SY + MY 85.54 pounds/in 2 TMAX = TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy (101.1667 = 218.54 2 .80 pounds/in 2 2 + 218.81 = 0. SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S = 0.90 85.1667 in 2 (Section Modulus) MX 16.1667 = 514.81 36.0 0.75 ) 4 = 300.38 − 514.75 pounds/in 2 τxy = SXY + MXY 36.

38 − 514.176 psi 179 .80 2 = 7.87 pounds/in 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 − TMAX (101.75) + 300.27 pounds/in 2 Angle = = ⎧⎪ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ 1 tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩⎪ σ x − σ y ⎭⎪ 1 2 tan −1 ⎧ 2 * 218.30 o VONT = 0.54 ⎫ ⎨ ⎬ ⎩ 101.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (101.38 + 514.80 2 = 608.38 + 514.75) − 300.707 (SMAX − SMIN)2 + (SMAX)2 + (SMIN)2 = 605.75 ⎭ = -23.

Part I .Application Examples 180 Example Problem 18 NOTES .

Example Problem 19 Example Problem No. 19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. 181 . and we examine those in this example. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports.

UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. 6 25 0 25. 3 20 5 20. 4 30 5 30. 5 6 3. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. Semicolon signs (. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. Moments of Inertia.Part I . . 2 2 3. All properties required for the analysis. The values are provided in MMS unit.Application Examples 182 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 5 5 0 5. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. 3 3 4. 4 5 2. Area. etc. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Y and Z coordinates. Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. such as. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.) are used as line separators. Joint number followed by X. 2 10 5 10. If ZD is not provided. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined.

For the remaining one . 1 and 4.5. This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m. the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED. 6 and 4. 10m). At node 6. notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10. 5m and 20m). This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model.5. signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. namely. The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3. UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system. this happens to be node 2. In order to define the axis system. 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point.that keyword is missing. the support at node 1 is a global direction support. namely. (20m. 183 . 6. 5m. Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X. For 3 of those. The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system. 5.node 1 . we first have to define a datum point. local Y and local Z axes. the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3. Hence.Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.10). At node 5. Coincidentally.

Notice the unique nature of these datum points. MY and MZ are all released at these supports.1). Thus. 5m and 31m). Once the datum point is established. and is hence along the axis of member 4. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis.Part I . In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5. suggesting that it is an expansion joint . Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y). . Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially.5. The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products.31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member. By defining a KFX spring at that one. That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3. or the traffic direction. The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31. no moment will be resisted by these supports.0. It takes the coordinates of node 4. the local axis system is defined as follows. Since MX.30m) and adds to them. the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1. The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5. the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X. the datum point becomes (31m. we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine. the program sets the datum point to be the following. Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point.Application Examples 184 Example Problem 19 At node 4.5m.free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. which are (30m.

Example Problem 19 LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION By default. SET INCLINED REACTION PRINT SUPPORT REACTION Just earlier. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT JOINT DISP FINISH Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the members. we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global axis system.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK 3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are specified. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus total reactions from the supports for each primary load case. the STAAD run is terminated. What if we need them in the inclined axis system? The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose. It tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined axis system instead of the global axis system. The above command is an instruction for such a report. 185 . Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the global axis system. support reactions are printed in the global axis directions. This has to be followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command.0 2 1. Following this.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1.

* * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 23. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1. 29. 13. 4 5 2.93 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0. 22. 3 20 5 20. 2 2 3.00 0.Part I .00 0. 11. 10. 4 30 5 30. 12. 16.0/ 40262. 5. 7.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 20 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 10439. Intl. DISK SPACE = 12. 15. 6 25 0 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. 9. 3. 8.2 MB STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 19 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17. 14.00 696.93 MY= 0. DEAD LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 -696.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -10439. 25. 5 5 0 5. 2 10 5 10.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -10439. 28.0 2 1. 4. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 2. 6. 21.93 4 27 1 .00 MZ= 1 ) 1 ) 10439. 27. 3 3 4. 18. 24. 5 6 3 UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INC REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INC REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INC 1 0 1FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.93 MY= 0. 19. 20. 26.

00 0.77 383.05 60.00 0.18888E-03 4 2 2 ) 3818.00 0.36 86.00 0.22 215.19 -297.15 -1.99237E-01 5 RX= -2.00 -254.31566E-01 3 Z = -2.33 32. SET INCLINED REACTION 32.00 0.00 0.84 93.00 0.45 301. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION 187 .97411E-01 5 Y = -9.00 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 3818.00 0.99237E-01 5 Y = -2.00 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -2.66161E-03 4 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 0.38 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 30.91 60.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 2 ) -3818.56 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.27 -4.00 0.49498E+00 3 Z = -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -1.37 286.00 0.00 0.00 0.97411E-01 5 RX= -1.56 0.20 -85.81 -212.00 0.38 MY= 0.00 254.00 0.00 0.39 -3.38 MY= 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 5 6 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 215.45 301.00 0.21 32.18888E-03 4 RY= -3.64127E-16 4 RZ= 1.19 -297.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 19 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -7.00 0.81 -212.66161E-03 4 RY= -9.36 86.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -3818.86155E-16 4 RZ= 2.60 94. LIVE LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.84 94.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 93.00 0.20 -85.00 0.00 0.27 -4.00 0.00 288.38 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.00 0.06 380.39 -3.00 0.

25 60.00 0.00 0.94 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 2 3 2 3 2 3 300.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 188 Example Problem 19 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 415.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .10 -300.00 0.79 -6.00 125.90 0.41 3 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 METE LOAD 2 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 34.19 32.22 0.79 -6.00 155.00 0.60 60.79 0.00 0.00 0.58 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 66.00 0.30 154.54 -154.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 58.79 1.58 93.00 0.81 6.00 0.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 152.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 0.00 -344.64 0.00 0.10 120.00 0.00 0.71 -186.00 0.21 89.46 -1.00 134.96 32.00 0.00 5 6 1 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 33.67 -152.46 4.67 563.54 569.61 60.89 93.00 0.67 563.00 -208.57 75.25 68.77 -72.33 32.60 33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 -4.15 -1.42 0.47 420.79 66.00 92.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 52.73 32.05 141.00 0.00 341.05 60.15 42.00 0.74 0.57 -420.00 0.00 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 93.83 -498.61 6 3 6 3 6 3 410.81 40.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.69 6.90 0.89 141.00 0.00 0.21 32.00 5 2 5 2 5 2 415.00 0.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.12 202.00 0.33 51.00 0.00 207.00 0. PRINT JOINT DISP .94 39.15 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 62.27 -4.00 0.00 0.19 60.00 0.00 0.30 -344.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 82.00 0.47 -120.49 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00 0.10 118.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 42.00 0.37 76.00 0.00 0.00 0.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -4.00 0.25 60.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 152.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -492.00 0.25 0.83 410.25 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 68.00 0.00 0.00 89.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -135.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 7.77 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 0.00 0.00 0.54 569.00 0.75 0.00 141.00 0.00 0.95 -114.64 -339.24 154.00 0.79 74.00 0.55 116.01 93.81 0.00 0.25 -7.00 0.02 0.

0007 -0.0000 -0.0002 0.0000 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0007 0.0007 0.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0008 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0012 -0.co.7992 -0.0509 -0.0363 -0.0031 -0.0000 0.0146 -0.co.0003 -0.0000 0.0841 0.0146 -0.0000 0.0966 -0.0003 -0.0003 0.2938 1.0000 0.0011 0.3649 -2.0000 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.0146 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro.0000 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.net * ************************************************************ 189 .0026 0.0038 -0.0000 0.4265 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0011 -0.reiusa.0011 -0.7903 0.0000 0.0841 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0000 0.0031 0.9139 -3.0012 0.0509 -0.0005 0.0000 0.0008 -0.0000 0.0509 -0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.0024 -0.0007 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.2974 -1.0023 -0.0000 -2.2938 -1.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.0841 X-ROTAN 0.4950 -0.0000 0.0146 -0.0039 -0.0363 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.0003 0.0012 -0.7992 -0.0000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.0966 0.0011 0.9316 -3.0000 0.7992 -0.0008 -0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.2938 1.co.0000 0.0026 -0.0038 0.0008 0.0032 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.0363 -0.0027 -0.2974 -1.0007 0.com * * Europe support@reel.0032 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 35.0000 0.0024 0.0039 0.0012 0.7903 0.2974 -1.7903 -0.0007 -0.0023 0.0966 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.0363 -0.0005 0.0002 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0000 0.0000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.0000 0.co.0509 -0.4510 -0.0027 0.Example Problem 19 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD X-TRANS 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.

Application Examples 190 Example Problem 19 NOTES .Part I .

20 This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. The tank lies on its side in this example. 3 2 11 2 3 4 10 10 19 11 12 18 1 1 20 9 4 9 12 5 17 8 13 6 16 8 21 5 16 13 7 7 14 6 24 15 15 22 14 23 191 .Example Problem 20 Example Problem No.

Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system.5 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice. PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system. The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis. theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft.Application Examples 192 Example Problem 20 In this example. REPEAT 2 0 0 8. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 . 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 10 feet. theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft. the output is in the cartesian coordinate system.5 feet for each REPEAT. The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis.theta. Joint 8 has an 'r' of 10 feet. Hence.Part I . Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8.z). STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified. the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 8. JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r. a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements.

incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7. Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. FINISH 193 . must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1. namely elements 1 to 8. Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9.Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements. The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines. PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory.

000 17.500 8.071 0. 3.000 7.000 0.000 0. 9.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.000 -7.000 17.071 0.000 -7.071 -10.071 0.071 0.000 -7.000 7.000 -7.071 -10.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.071 0.071 0.Part I .071 0.071 -10.000 8.071 10.071 0.071 0.071 0.000 7. 10.071 0.000 -7.500 17.000 7.500 8.000 7.500 8.5 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE FEET UNIT JOINT X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 10.000 7.000 0.000 -7. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .000 7.000 -7.000 0.000 7. 2. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 8.000 17.071 10. Intl. 5.071 -10.071 0.000 0.000 17.000 7.000 17.000 -7.000 -7. 4. 6.000 17.071 10. 8.071 -10.000 0.000 -7.000 -7.000 0.000 17.500 8.000 7.500 8.071 10.000 7.071 10.000 7. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.500 8.Application Examples 194 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.500 8.071 -10.000 -7.071 0.

000 0.co.000 POISS 0.000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.0562 65.0562 65.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 THICK (FEET) 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0562 65.0562 65.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.0562 65.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.000 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.000 0.0562 65.0562 65.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.co.00 0.0562 65.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. PRINT ELEMENT INFO ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.000 0.00 0.000 0.0562 65.0562 65.000 0.000 E G 0.Pro.00 0.000 0.0562 65. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.net * ************************************************************ AREA 65.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0562 65.0562 65.0562 195 .000 0.000 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.000 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.reiusa.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.000 0.000 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Example Problem 20 11.00 0.0562 65.000 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.co.000 0.000 0.000 0.

Part I .Application Examples 196 Example Problem 20 NOTES .

W12X26 4 W12X26 9 4 W12X26 W12X26 W12X26 3 3 8 2 2 W12X26 5 W12X26 7 5 W12X26 1 W12X26 W12X26 10 6 1 6 197 . 21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.Example Problem 21 Example Problem No.

it is necessary to have 2 commands. Consequently. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. 4 15 20 .8 2 4.Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. 3 0 20 . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.9 3 5. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. Also. To accommodate these requirements.7 2 6. the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. This structure is a PLANE frame. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5.Part I . UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are defined above.10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. 5 15 10 . 2 0 10 . This is because. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. . 6 15 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above.

UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members. Hence for each load case. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3. if during the analysis. We do not require DENSITY since selfweight is not one of the load cases considered. 199 . MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 All members have been assigned a WIDE FLANGE section from the built in American table. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of these values. SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED The supports are defined above. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS.

0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. Next.Application Examples 200 Example Problem 21 PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 Load case 2 is described above. any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. Without re-activation.Part I . CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis.0 2 1. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 . MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. these members cannot be accessed for any further operations.

CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated. In other words. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3.Example Problem 21 acting simultaneously. are recognized as the "active" load cases. At the end of any analysis. The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. 201 .

16. 5 15 10 . 8 2 4 . 1 1. LOAD 2 29. 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. MEMBER TENSION 35.0 2 1. 2 0 10 . 6 TO 9 36. 10. 9 3 5 . Intl. 24. 6. 21. 14.8 MB. 5.Application Examples 202 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 2 iterations. 18. Case= 2 2 iterations. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after . 8. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 19.0/ 3142. 7 2 6 . 12. DISK SPACE = 12. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 4 FX -10 31. CHANGE 34. 20. 23. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 2. 3. CHANGE 26. REPEAT LOAD 38. 17.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 22.2 MB **START ITERATION NO. 6 TO 9 28. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 25. 11. JOINT LOAD 30. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 4. 5 FX -15 32. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 4 15 20 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 33. 7. EXMEM = 568. 9. MEMBER TENSION 27. 1 2 iterations.Part I . 13. 3 0 20 . 15.0 39. LOAD 3 37.

00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.01262 0.00000 0.00000 0.00029 0.91 0.90 23.00030 0.33 0.00028 0.00 6.00 0.00018 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.33 0.00 0.00000 0.04313 0.00000 0.00 0.00028 -0.09724 -0.00373 0.Example Problem 21 40.00 0.43 -0.43 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.26 -0.05 0.24 0.00387 -0.09 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00039 -0.05 -10.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 23.00000 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.91 0.00 0.00000 0.39 4 5 4 5 4 5 6.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.59 25.43 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0. CHANGE 41.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00373 -0.33 -23.00 0.05 -0.00030 0.00 0.00000 0.00029 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00018 0.00001 -0.59 25.00000 0.00000 0.00 -10.00 0.00 0.00 5.43 -6.00 0.39 4.07 1.00 0.33 23.00 0.00408 0.00 0.00000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.80 -9.05 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00408 0.00000 0.00 31.49 -6.00000 0.05 -0.06285 -0.00001 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 -0.80 -9.00000 0.59 -4.00 0.67 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 203 .00 0.75 -25.01262 0.00 0.33 -23.00605 0.00 0.43 1.67 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00039 0.00 0.04313 -0.43 -25.75 -18.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.49 -6.00 0.00 0.00002 -0.46 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.01613 0.90 6.08929 0.09 0.00000 0.00 0.24 6.80 10.00000 0.59 18.00000 INCH Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.05 -0.20 0.00 0.09 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 -18.00000 -0.01613 0.06285 -0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.00007 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -24.00 0.39 3 4 3 4 3 4 9.00000 0.00 25.00000 0.33 0.39 -1.24 0.00000 0.00002 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.24 -0.07 18.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00062 0.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00 0.00387 0.00 0.00000 0.05 -23.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.08929 -0.00000 0.49 -0.24 0.00 0.43 -0.00 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.09724 -0.00000 0.00000 0.49 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 9.00 0.09 24.00000 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.00000 0.00062 0.20 -0.43 -25.05 0. LOAD LIST ALL 42.26 -0.00007 -0.00000 0.00605 0.00 0.

00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -6.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 29.90 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.31 24.00 0.62 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 -29.00 0.00 0.26 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.41 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -11.00 0.31 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -29.00 0.00 0.33 -23.00 0.00 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.56 37.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -11.26 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.56 36.00 0.00 -31.00 0.00 0.41 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -24.90 -14.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 204 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.09 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -37.26 -0.79 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.00 0.26 11.31 -24.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 6.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.73 -36.00 0.00 0.73 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro.00 0.46 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 -5.41 0.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 205 .

Application Examples 206 Example Problem 21 NOTES .Part I .

207 .Example Problem 22 Example Problem No. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading. Time History analysis is performed on this model.

JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 8 8 9 .5 9 15 20 15 .Part I .Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 8 15 20 7. 3 3 9 . 10 7. 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 . 6 7. 9 9 10 . The UNIT command is specified to change the units for input from FEET to INCHes.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 Members 1 to 12 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values of 12 inches. 10 10 11 . 11 11 12 . 7 15 20 0 . 2 15 0 0 . 5 5 6 .5 The joint number followed by the X. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . 4 4 11 . 12 12 5 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to.5 20 15 . . The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project. Semicolon characters (. Y and Z axes. 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. UNIT KIP FEET The units for the data that follows are specified above.5 20 0 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 2 2 7 . Y and Z coordinates are specified above. 3 15 0 15 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 .

209 . only one data set is defined. which describes the variation of force with time. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. an ACCELERATION may be specified.0 DAMPING 0. In this file. a sinusoidal function. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function. the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6. is provided. density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E). CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0. The first stage is defined above.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported. Here.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs. Built-in default value for concrete is used for the Poisson’s Ratio.

The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0.075.Part I . A uniformly distributed load of 1.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads. AMPLITUDE.0 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). such as FREQUENCY. Following that. LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1.31.0 8 12 FZ 4. the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command. and number of CYCLES of application are then defined.0 8 12 FY 4. The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number.0 The above data describe a static load case. . LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1. STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (See section 5. The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure.

The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. 211 .Example Problem 22 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory.

STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 6. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 8 12 FY 4. 31. 26. 12 12 5 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 12/ 12/ 4 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 7/ 4/ 24 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 39.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 8 15 20 7. 3 3 9 . 36.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1. 33. 10. 22. 24. 9. 38. 19.5 9 15 20 15 . 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 . 23. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 3. 5 5 6 . 2. 32.Application Examples 212 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. Intl. 8 8 9 .0 DAMPING 0.0/ 3142. 21. 30. 2 2 7 .8 MB. 41.2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. 9 9 10 . 28.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 6 24 6 .Part I . 4. 14. 25. 16.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 20.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6. 29. 40. 10 10 11 . 12.0 LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1. 6 7. 10 7. 42.5 20 15 . 11 11 12 . 2 15 0 0 .0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4. 7 15 20 0 . 34.0 8 12 FZ 4. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 60 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.5 20 0 . 15. 5. EXMEM = 568. 7. DISK SPACE = 12. 35. 11. 18. 3 15 0 15 . 37.5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. 13.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 27. 8. 4 4 11 . 17.

184E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.83057 0.00 0.086E-11 1.09031 0.00 0. To use these frequencies.222E-15 2.136868E-13 1.105E-15 5.219 137.998 0.000 0.00 0.982E-16 6.039E-16 1.364E-09 2.574E-13 3.01176 0.00728 0.221 137.351 138.499 24.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99. These are for information only and will not be used.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.00 0.998 99.027 195.000 100.336E-13 3. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 PERIOD(SEC) 12.000 100.00 0.01175 0.486E-14 6.83191 0.670 0.05406 0.011 85.213E-15 1.00 0.228744E-01 0.00723 0.03161 0.020E-15 1.530E-15 5.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.00729 0.874E-11 1.208E-16 1.000 100. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.00 0.606 18.00 0.709E-15 2.096 85.03240 0.633 84.292 85.804E-16 1.01186 0.204 1.000 0.00513 0.998 99. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.01168 0.00 0.00 0.04016 0.000000 Z= -1.866 31.194444 Y= 0.00100.13229 0.000 46.Example Problem 22 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= INCH -2.130556 213 .00 46.215 0.000 0.82 0.260 195.998 99.00 0.881 30.00 0.606 137.559 11.879E-16 1.08569 ACCURACY 4.665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.07932 0.915E-12 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 X Y Z 100.450E-16 4.202 1.242E-14 1.451 7.03720 0.900 26.998 99.189E-15 1.073 11.000000E+00 0.00 0.000 100.00729 0.998 99.000 100.00512 ACCURACY 1.00 0.821 0.68908 0.000 0.

00 0.00 -0.00 0.06 5.06536 0.00000 0.00 0.02103 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.95 0.02103 -0.00004 0.02103 0.00000 0.09524 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.00000 0.10 0.00008 0.00 0.00000 -0.95 0.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.06 -0.37 2 7 2 7 180.00 -0.00000 0.00000 0.95 0.15 0.00 0.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 22 43.00 -180.02103 -0.00118 0.95 5.95 -5.02103 -0.00 -1428.84 0.10 0.15 180.06536 0.00 0.02103 -0.01045 0.95 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02103 0.00004 -0.00000 0.00118 0.00 0.00 0.02103 -0.09524 -0.00 0.00000 0.01045 0.00000 0.06 -0.00 1428.00 -1428.02103 0.00000 0.00000 0.15 180.01045 -0.00 -1428.00000 0.00 0.00 -0.00000 0.56841 0.01045 -0.95 -0.00 1428.00037 0.00000 -0.95 -5.00000 0.00000 0.95 0.00000 0.00008 -0.00118 0.95 -0.00 0.95 -5.00 0.00118 0.01 0.01 90.00 -1428.00000 0.00 -0.00008 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 5.00 0.09524 -0.00 0.00008 0.00000 0.00 0.06 -0.00 0.10 0.00000 0.00 0.00008 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.10 0.95 0.00000 0.06 -5.00000 0.37 4 11 4 11 180.00008 -0.95 -0.00000 -0.02103 0.00 0.00000 0.06536 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.02103 0.00000 -0.56841 0.01045 -0.95 -0.00 -5.00 0.00000 0.06537 -0.00008 0.00000 0.00000 0.06 -5.00000 0.37 5 6 5 6 5.00 0.90 -13.00 0.00 13.37 3 9 3 9 180.00000 0.01045 0.00000 0.00 0.06 -5.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00118 0.00118 0.95 5.00000 0.95 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.01 0.00 13.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.15 -0.00008 -1.00000 0.00037 -0.00 0.10 0.00000 0.00118 0.00 -180.95 -5.00 0.00000 -0.02103 -0.00 1428.00000 0.00 0.00 1428.00 0.00 0.00118 0.00 0.00000 0.00 13.00 0.06587 0.56841 0.00 -5.00000 -0.00008 -1.00000 0.06536 -0.Part I .95 -5.00 0.15 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00037 -0.00 0.00 0.15 5.01045 0.56841 -0.95 0.00 5.00000 0.00000 0.15 0.00000 0.15 -5.00037 -0.15 5.95 0.95 5.15 0.06 5.15 -0.37 0.95 0.00000 0.10 2621.00000 0.00 1428.06 5.95 0.00 0.10 0.06 180.00 0.00 0.06537 0.15 5.01045 -0.00 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.15 0.00008 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00000 -0.00008 -1.95 5.00000 0.00118 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 .10 0.15 180.00000 0.00 0.01 0.00000 0.00000 0.00118 0.00118 0.00000 0.06587 -0.00000 0.00 -180.00 -180.00008 -1.06 -5.00 0.00000 0.00118 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 180.00000 0.09524 0.00 0.06 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.10 0.

00 0.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -0.37 11 12 11 12 5.00 0.01 90.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 8 9 8 9 5.00 -0.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 5.90 -1428.00 0.95 0.00 0.15 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 90.84 -1.00 0.01 0.00 12 5 12 5 5. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.95 -0.01 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.10 0.00 0.10 2621.00 0.10 0.00 9 10 9 10 5.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.84 1.15 0.84 -2621.00 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.84 -2621.01 -0.00 -1.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 10 11 10 11 5.01 90.00 1.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.90 -1428.02 0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 90.00 0.01 -0.01 -0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.02 -0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 90.95 -5.00 0.co.95 -0.95 -5.00 0.95 -5.00 0.37 0.00 0.95 -0.01 0.95 -5.00 0.00 0.00 -0.15 0.net * ************************************************************ 215 .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.95 -5.00 0.41 1428.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.84 -2621.00 0.01 0.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.84 0.01 0.01 90.02 -0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.10 2621.00 0.00 0.00 90.00 0.15 -0.00 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.02 0.Pro.00 0.01 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.01 -0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.00 0.95 -5.90 -1428.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.90 0.10 2621.41 -0.00 0.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.02 0.90 13.00 0.00 0.95 0.00 -13.95 -5.01 -0.84 -2621.00 0.reiusa.00 0.co.37 7 8 7 8 5.41 0.90 -1428.00 1428.15 0.00 13.00 0.41 1428.00 0.00 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 44.00 0.00 0.co.

Part I .Application Examples 216 Example Problem 22 NOTES .

217 . The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to utilize the built-in generation facility to generate spring supports for a slab on grade.Example Problem 23 Example Problem No. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers.

The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.0 0.5 7 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 3 0.0 28.0 12. 3 times.5 6 0.0 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 6.0 40. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 For joints 1 through 7. Y and Z axes. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.167 4 0. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate .0 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0. UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 0.0 0. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 0.0 0. the joint number followed by the X.333 5 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 20.0 0.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 0.0 REPEAT 5 6.5 feet.0 36.0 0.0 0.0 2 0.Part I . The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 REPEAT 3 8.

UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command.5 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 5. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5.55 219 .12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.ft. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.5 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 10. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support springs which were generated using the earlier commands. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 10 kip/cu. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126.0 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. ALL POISSON 0.

0 113 114 FY -109.3 92 93 FY -205.55 kip/sq. identified with load case number 101.7 6 FY -617.0 124 FY -273.6 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.7 27 FY -1085.Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 The above data describe a static load case.4 22 23 FY -410. 5 FY -308. . 29 30 FY -205.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1.0 and then algebraically add the results.0 120 121 FY -217. 2 1.0 103 FY -487. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.Part I .ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements. is specified above. 26 FY -542. A load combination case. 8 9 FY -109.5 47 54 82 FY -264. PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command.0 99 100 FY -410.0 104 FY -974.3 125 FY -546. A pressure load of 1.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.

and element stresses for elements 34 and 67. for load case 101. is obtained with the help of the above commands.Example Problem 23 LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. 221 .

0 8 1 9 1 0.0 12.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0. 21.0 0.2 0.0 1 1 0.0 0. 13.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 13 1 0.5 UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000.8 0 665.5 0.0 0 0. 11.0 0 0.167 4 0.0 20.0 0.0 1 0. 6.0 28.0 0.Part I . 25.0 0.0 10 1 11 1 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 1 0 0.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 .0 0 0.0 3 0.0 2 1 0. 19.0 6.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KIP FEET DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX FORCE-Y/ KFY FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.9 0 294.12 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 10.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.1 0 170.0 0 0.0 0 1 0. 20. 12.0 0.0 0 0. 28.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.333 5 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.5 0 332.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.5 7 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 3 1 4 1 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0. 8.0 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 6 1 7 1 0. 15. 22.0 1 1 0.0 0 0. 9.0 PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED.9 0 332. 24. 4.0 0. 16.5 6 0.0 0. 10.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0. 18.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 36.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.9 0 665.0 0.0 0 1 0.Application Examples 222 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 85.0 0. Intl. 14.0 1 0 0. 3.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0 265. 17. 7.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 251.0 5 1 0.0 0 502. 2.0 REPEAT 3 8. 27.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5.0 40.0 12 1 0. 5.8 0 587.0 2 0.0 1 0.6 0 138.0 REPEAT 5 6. 23.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 531. ALL POISSON 0. 26.

1 0 160.0 0.0 0.2 0 276.0 0.0 30 1 31 1 0.0 0 0.1 0 646.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 473.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.8 0 665.0 1 0.5 0 227.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 473.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 23 1 24 1 0.0 0 0.2 0 165.9 0 531.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 46 1 47 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 260.0 223 .0 0.3 0 646.0 0 0.0 42 1 43 1 0.0 0.9 0 665.0 0.3 0 548.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 276.0 1 0 0.3 0 500.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 18 1 19 1 0.0 39 1 40 1 0.0 0 260.7 0 626.0 0 0.7 0 553.0 0 0.2 0 170.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.2 0 437.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.3 0 626.0 0 0.0 1 0.6 0 515.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.8 0 587.0 0.0 0 140.0 22 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 48 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 27 1 28 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 1 0 0.3 0 626.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 502.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 160.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 32 1 33 1 0.0 1 0.0 17 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.3 0 500.0 0 1 0.0 37 1 38 1 0.0 20 1 21 1 0.0 0 0.6 0 268.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 41 1 0.0 34 1 0.0 1 0 0.2 0 548.0 1 0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 29 1 0.0 0 0.0 49 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.3 0 570.0 1 0.3 0 484.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.7 0 553.0 0 0.0 35 1 36 1 0.0 0 488.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 414.0 0.0 0 0.7 0 626.0 0.

0 0 415.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 470.0 0.0 0.0 56 1 57 1 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 1 0 0.0 0 355.0 0.0 0 355.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 195.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 414.0 0.0 0 355.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 73 1 74 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 120.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 71 1 72 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 120.0 0 375.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 63 1 64 1 0.0 0.0 0 195.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.2 0 437.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.Part I .0 0 140.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 120.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 .0 0 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 375.0 0 120.0 1 0.0 78 1 79 1 0.0 61 1 62 1 0.0 0.0 0 470.Application Examples 224 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 50 1 0.0 84 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 70 1 0.0 0.0 82 1 83 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 68 1 69 1 0.0 85 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.3 0 484.0 0.0 0 415.0 0.0 0 415.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 195.0 0 0.5 0 160.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 470.0 0.0 0 195.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 80 1 81 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 375.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 415.0 1 0.0 0.0 58 1 0.0 1 0.0 51 1 52 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0 227.0 1 0.0 53 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 375.0 66 1 67 1 0.0 0.2 0 548.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 470.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 59 1 60 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 65 1 0.0 77 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 54 1 55 1 0.0 75 1 76 1 0.0 0 355.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.3 0 548.0 0.

0 113 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 502.0 0.0 109 1 110 1 0.3 0 500.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.7 0 553.1 0 170.9 0 531.0 116 1 117 1 0.0 0.0 90 1 91 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 120 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 92 1 93 1 0.0 1 0 0.1 0 646.2 0 85.9 0 531.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 106 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 488.0 0.0 0 1 0.8 0 587.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.7 0 626.2 0 276.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0 665.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 160.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.3 0 500.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.2 0 170.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 165.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 111 1 112 1 0.0 118 1 119 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.3 0 626.0 0 0.6 0 515.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 626.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 89 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 260.8 0 587.0 0.8 0 665.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 95 1 96 1 0.0 0 0.7 0 553.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 665.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.0 1 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.2 0 276.0 101 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 473.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 99 1 100 1 0.0 0.0 0.6 0 268.0 0.0 0 251.0 0.3 0 626.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 104 1 105 1 0.0 0.0 225 .0 0 502.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 87 1 88 1 0.0 121 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 473.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 665.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.3 0 570.0 1 0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 86 1 0.0 0 0.0 94 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 260.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.3 0 646.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.

Part I .0 1 0.0 0.6 0 138.0 0 265.Application Examples 226 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 122 1 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0. 2 1.0 0 0.00000 X-ROTAN -0.0 0.0 120 121 FY -217.07125 Y-ROTAN 0. 51.73107 -5.03221 0.0 1 0. 37. 33.0 0.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0 332. 41.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 33 56 LOAD 101 101 X-TRANS 0. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Z-ROTAN 0.9 0 332.0 0 0.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.06208 0. 32. 5 FY -308.0 124 FY -273.00000 Y-TRANS -4.3 125 FY -546.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 104 FY -974. 44.0 123 1 124 1 0.7 27 FY -1085.0 0 0.6 LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 42. 39.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.55 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. 48.5 47 54 82 FY -264. 50. 49.00000 0. LOAD LIST 101 57.0 1 1 0. 29 30 FY -205.62691 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0. 30. 43. 31. 46. 38. 8 9 FY -109. 26 FY -542.4 22 23 FY -410. 53.0 0.0 99 100 FY -410.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. 36.0 0 0.00000 0.1 0.0 103 FY -487. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00000 0.3 MB 56. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 34. DISK SPACE = 13. 55.0 125 1 0. 52.9 0 294.0 113 114 FY -109.0 0.0 0.0 126 1 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.3 92 93 FY -205.0 0 0. 47.0 1 0.0/ 40261. 54.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 58. 45.0 1 0.03192 . 40. 35.7 6 FY -617.

72 0.00 623.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.09 1136.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 616.63 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 308.reiusa.co.67 0.38 TMAX= 7.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 1247.75 0.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41.9 ANGLE= -39.co.22 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 4.81 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -8.92 1136.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.5 41.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.81 TMAX= SMIN= -978.co.03 SMAX= 978.136717E+03 67 101 1.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.5 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 9.57 101 TOP : BOTT: 71.38 SMAX= 230.9 9. 67 67 CASE NO.57 TMAX= SMIN= -386.48 ANGLE= -39.51 21. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.28 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.51 623.00 10.96 SMAX= 386. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.95 0.net * ************************************************************ 227 .03 SMIN= -268.22 539. 101 101 6.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.782190E+02 PLATE NO.Pro.Example Problem 23 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.63 0.235143E+02 67 101 1.com * * Europe support@reel.83 539.95 616.22 SMAX= 268. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -6.96 SMIN= -230.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.782190E+02 -9.69 15.72 1247.247029E+03 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 59.co.48 308.

Part I .Application Examples 228 Example Problem 23 NOTES .

229 . This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure.Example Problem 24 Example Problem No. 24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements.

The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 32 2.0 28 1.0 21 0.0 3. Y and Z axes.0 0.0 3. increments of 1 to the .0 0.0 52 2.0 2.0 4 0.0 3. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.0 0. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.0 0.0 3.0 45 1. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.0 48 1.0 3.0 0.0 2.0 24 0. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 25 1.0 2.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 9 2.0 0.0 1.0 12 2.0 2. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above.0 0.0 44 0. For example.0 0.0 49 2.0 3.0 1.0 1. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes.0 1.Part I .0 0.0 0.0 1.0 5 1. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities. Then.0 1.0 The joint number followed by the X.0 29 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 41 0.0 3.0 3. Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.0 8 1.

1E7 ALL POIS 0. 6. incidences of elements 4. 9. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3). CONSTANTS E 2.0 The above data describe a static load case. SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model. in a tabular form. It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load. Similarly. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. and Density are specified.25 ALL DENSITY 7. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above.0 231 . 11 and 12 are generated. Poisson's Ratio. PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain. 8.Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3. the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5. both in the negative global Y direction.

0 3 1.2 of the STAAD.0 2 1. 6.ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table.Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction.Part I .0 . 9 and 12.0 In Load case 4. The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero. and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5.32. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq. LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9.3.0 4 1. UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.

factoring them.0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously. forces. and then algebraically summing them up.0 Load case 10 is a combination load case. 233 . which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000.0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX . consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis. the program merely calculates the end results (displacements. reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case. In other words.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1. In a REPEAT LOAD case. But in solving load combination cases. there is a fundamental difference.0 2 1. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case. should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report. changes in support conditions etc.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. not load combination cases.Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.

The results will be printed for all the load cases.Part I . . FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command. UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6.Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements.

-------------------ALL UNITS ARE . 3.0 4 0.1000002E+07 0.0 0.0 41 0.0 2.0 49 2. 22.Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. JOINT LOADS 38.0 0. 5.1000002E+07 0.0 2.0 0.0 1. UNIT POUND FEET 45.0 25 1.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 CONSTANTS E 2.0 9 2. 23.0 29 2.0 3. 10.0 3.0 3. 16.0 0.0 45 1.0 0.KNS MET ELEMENT YOUNGS'S MODULUS MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 1 2.0 21 0.5000E+00 7.0 49.0000E+00 0.0 3. 6.0 1.0 0. 21.0 0.0 1. REPEAT LOAD DENSITY 7. 9 ENFORCED 31. SELF Y -1.5000E+00 7. 12.0 28 1. 14.1E7 ALL POIS 0. 20.0 1.0000000E+00 5 2.0 52 2.0 0. 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.1000002E+07 0.1000002E+07 0.0 36. Intl. LOAD 1 32. SUPPORTS 28.0 0. 9.0 3.0 12 2.0 33.0 3.5000E+00 7.0 40.5000E+00 ALPHA 0. 9 FX .0000E+00 0.1000002E+07 0. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 25.0 3.0 2.0000E+00 235 . 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 29. 2.5000E+00 7.0 3.0000000E+00 2 2. 7. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 42. LOAD 5 52.0 0. ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 47.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 2. 17. UNIT KNS MMS 51.0 0.0000E+00 0.0 5 1.0 0. 15.0 2.0 32 2.0 1.0 24 0.0000000E+00 4 2.0 2. 28 FY -1000. 18.0000000E+00 3 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0000000E+00 27. 11. LOAD 4 46.0011 44. 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0000E+00 0.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 2 3 4 22 23 NODE-5 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES. LOAD 2 37. LOAD 3 41.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 44 0.0 0. 8.0 8 1. JOINT LOAD 34.0 48 1. 4.0 1.25 ALL DENSITY 7.

00 = 0. EXMEM = 568.00000E+00 RY= 0.83934E-03 4 Z = 9.01204E-02 Z = 1. 1 1.Part I .0 3 1.92 2) 2 . DISK SPACE = 12.97 MZ= 2 ) -1799999.1/ 3142. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN.NO.NO.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0.0 2 1.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.NO.2 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.93 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. 23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN. 56.00 = -1090.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model.12983E-03 Y = -1.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STAT CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 17/ 17/ 48 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5. 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 MY= 899999.98 MY= 0.49033E-04 10 1 2 ) 1799999.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.0 4 1.00 0.Application Examples 236 Example Problem 24 53. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900.99 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.4 MB.00 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.96 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2.12983E-03 RX= 0. Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes. 55. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.01 MY= -899999.99 MY= 0. Note .00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999.00000E+00 1 ) 1089999.0 2 1.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999. 58.00000E+00 RZ= 0.

85 MZ= 4 4 ) MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.Example Problem 24 RX= RY= RZ= 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.00 MY= 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.52 4 ) 95760.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00000E+00 0 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.00 0.76 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.20 MZ= -0.03 MY= -0.00 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760.50 MY= 899999.00000E+00 RZ= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.52 MY= 0.00000E+00 0 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.35288E-04 Z = -3.97 MZ= 5 ) -2985760.61372E-02 24 RX= 0.00 = -1185.00 95.76 0.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 3 5 ) 2985760.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.00 -95.52 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 4) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 0 0.30 5 237 . ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.04 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.43 MY= -899999.76 = 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -95760.00000E+00 RY= 0.17652E-05 RX= 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.52 MY= 0.17652E-05 Y = -3.

0010 0.97 629.00 0.0000 0.00 0.84 -292.85 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.87 21.00 0.00 .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0200 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.46 -26.00 0.97 -595.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 807.85 -159.00 0.63 -425.27 1.00 0.97 -315.0200 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.63 26.00 0.70 0.59 74.24 -1.58 251.00000E+00 0 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 60.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.00 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.0000 0.00 0.Application Examples 238 Example Problem 24 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 -0.67 -31.0393 0.26 0.00 0.79 -138.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.12 1.00 0.66 -158.25 -450.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.30 -16.79 -2.0000 0.00 0.30 135.0000 0.0000 0.27 -2.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.19 74.00 0.0000 0.03 135.0000 0.00 0.68 135.00 0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 63.00 384.00 0.24 261.27 390.00 0.00 0.52 0.05 -72.00 -1097.51 524.00 0.85 1.00 -1703.00 0.52 -184.05 -42.52 -256.94 -56.00 0.13 -31. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.37 -232.00 0.Part I .0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 16.00 0.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.32 -62.0001 -0.24 -89.00 0.52 -143.67 -30.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.78 -56.25 11.00 0.67 -273.0062 -0.00 0.48 11.0000 0.52 0.00 0.26 0.26 -128.00 0.97 902.00 0.0003 -0.0009 0.00 0.17 2.12 16.0049 -0.25 431.00 -187.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 21 25 29 41 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.00 0.13 0.00 0.13 146.00 0.18 -119.00 0.0000 0.05 -228.00 0.80 0.00 384.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -187.0000 0.00 0.32 -1641.00 0.52 9.00 0.00 0.32 31.87 -158.37 -232.00 0.0000 0.00 -31.00 0.36 11.34 51.0000 0.00 0.70 0.00 0.63 -181.00 -138.1100 0.0089 0.0000 0.00 0.98 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -94.00 0.0000 0.00 0.98 -459.00 -1097.00 0.1100 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.92 -334.00 0.0009 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.20 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 743.0000 0.0081 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 -1919.0000 0.00 0.0193 0.20 11.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.00 0.00 0.05 42.24 -202.0000 0.00 0.98 -263.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0008 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.76 566.0000 0.0000 0.18 -159.00 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 62.18 -202.85 -170.00 0.00 -62.05 -72.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.99 6.00 -2057.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.

002 0.009 0.021 0.082 0.055 0.008 0.015 0.022 -0.327 0.538 0.221 0.029 -0.047 0.661 0.83 -1.002 -0.00 0.00 0.32 -43.189 0.00 0.214 -0.005 0.015 0.00 MOM Z 0.00 0.37 -1.518 0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 3 21 3 25 3 26 3 22 3 41 3 45 3 46 3 42 0.003 -0.183 0.40 -16.00 0.00 0.586 239 .00 0.053 1.00 0.040 0.014 -0.099 S2= 0.98 11.009 -0.188 -0.Example Problem 24 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT LOAD 45 49 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 FORCE-X METE FORCE-Y 0.014 -0.031 1.162 -0.00 0.014 0.00 0.060 0.223 0.011 -0.36 -62.00 0.041 0.011 -0.128 SE= 0.00 0.565 0.255 0.00 0.707 0.00 0.00 0.129 -0.016 0.00 0.75 -97.005 -0.255 0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.38 6.003 0.106 0.014 0.004 0.00 0.036 0.123 0.088 -0.311 -0.244 0.269 -0.258 0.516 0.284 0.89 300.02 -97.372 0.107 0.00 0.076 -0.511 0.008 -0.506 0.280 -0.355 0.280 -0.054 -0.051 S3= -0.003 -0.217 0.00 0.154 -0.90 16.001 -0.00 0.152 S2= 0.000 0.332 0.095 -0.008 -0.04 0.00 0.001 0.37 226.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 65.760 -0.036 0.00 0.215 0.00 -62.00 0.028 -0.05 -45.176 0.00 0.060 -0.026 -0.707 1.00 0.095 -0.00 0.05 -81.165 0.25 11.040 -0.707 0.00 0.005 0.011 0.05 -81.744 0.00 0.071 0.24 1.006 -0.016 0.009 -0.365 0.976 0.133 -0.012 0.52 -176.602 0.027 0.12 31.056 -0.090 -0.00 0.76 2.280 -0.301 -0.038 -0.705 -0.324 -0.00 0.298 0.95 -1.00 0.123 -0.129 0.951 0.994 0.68 74.00 0.054 0.003 -0.006 0.004 -0.280 -0.52 181.010 -0.021 -0.009 -0.63 514.499 0.08 MOM-X 0.25 11.525 0.204 -0.269 SE= -0.00 0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 -0.076 0.597 0.52 3818.707 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.685 -0.098 -0.00 0.00 0.016 -0.61 74.014 0.005 0.003 -0.77 -61.00 0.00 -105.143 0.61 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z 31. UNIT NEWTON MMS 66.082 SE= -0.435 0.809 -0.034 -0.00 0.40 146.703 0.00 0.132 0.219 0.00 0.011 -0.036 0.313 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.251 0.016 0.011 0.52 1250.00 0.617 0.35 3916.237 0.00 0.089 0.403 0.00 0.13 6.098 -0.24 207.00 0.000 0.63 -547.103 0.008 0.002 -0.03 119.00 0.42 -75.928 0.00 0.003 0.32 -16.574 -0.00 MOM-Y 0.046 -0.84 61.00 0.223 0.011 -0.85 0.24 -855.016 0.40 135.088 -0.102 0.97 83.05 -23.152 0.228 -0.05 45.051 0.00 0.328 0.008 -0.029 -0.005 -0.000 0.076 -0.37 226.00 0. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.005 0.225 -0.101 S3= 0.041 S3= 0.589 -0.253 0.00 0.00 0.046 S2= -0.606 0.255 0.62 300.03 1313.00 0.321 0.08 -16.35 -77.

001 -0.428 -0.165 -0.035 1.257 0.023 0.234 -0.263 0.201 S2= 0.081 0.317 -0.126 -0.000 0.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.705 1.003 -0.512 1.060 0.000 -0.704 0.228 0.053 S2= 0.007 0.012 0.005 0.024 -0.088 0.670 0.099 1.314 -0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.026 -0.177 0.487 0.360 -0.005 -0.160 0.126 0.051 -0.675 0.161 0.402 0.108 0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.057 0.001 -0.186 -0.001 0.098 -0.005 -0.001 -0.022 0.026 -0.013 -0.021 0.238 0.649 0.085 -0.001 0.249 0.002 -0.183 0.064 -0.024 0.060 0.043 -0.296 0.160 -0.354 0.228 0.819 0.472 0.285 0.001 -0.001 0.082 -0.052 -0.105 0.428 -1.928 -0.334 -0.046 S3= -0.707 0.210 -0.070 0.170 -0.030 -0.093 S3= 0.001 -0.011 0.005 -0.078 -0.152 -0.003 0.001 -0.472 0.619 0.490 0.007 -0.032 -0.247 0.474 0.009 0.136 -0.001 -0.087 0.345 0.163 0.220 0.240 0.428 -0.005 0.112 -0.093 0.001 -0.000 0.496 -0.035 -0.343 0.000 0.024 -0.046 -0.125 -0.024 SE= -0.153 0.045 -0.707 0.014 -0.027 -0.001 -0.147 -0.001 -0.Part I .066 0.741 -0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.027 0.011 SE= 0.011 0.125 0.210 0.428 0.001 -0.001 S2= -0.147 0.043 -0.001 0.033 0.106 -0.051 0.716 0.062 0.806 -0.004 S2= -0.020 0.065 0.082 0.497 -0.076 0.484 0.254 -0.082 -0.008 0.330 0.232 -0.191 0.243 SE= -0.341 0.552 -0.024 -0.001 -0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.013 -0.024 -0.008 -0.181 -0.000 0.083 -0.067 0.012 -0.049 -0.096 -0.004 S3= -0.153 0.Application Examples 240 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.213 SE= -0.109 0.001 -0.008 -0.552 0.108 0.003 0.024 -0.551 0.001 -0.036 0.751 0.008 -0.602 0.052 0.452 -0.020 0.011 0.146 -0.051 0.022 -0.317 -0.064 -0.051 -0.000 0.908 0.092 0.218 0.000 -0.023 -0.041 -0.001 -0.140 -0.329 0.030 0.102 0.386 0.878 0.286 -0.008 0.259 0.031 0.000 0.001 -0.046 0.253 -0.001 -0.000 0.000 0.202 -0.707 0.003 -0.998 -0.273 0.036 0.000 0.112 -0.376 0.795 0.497 0.065 0.630 0.078 -0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.032 0.050 -0.227 -0.001 0.001 -0.030 0.004 -0.138 0.045 0.024 -0.082 0.092 1.707 0.498 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.225 -0.001 -0.115 -0.242 0.618 0.112 -0.515 0.036 -0.724 -0.324 1.822 0.000 0.001 -0.098 -0.054 S3= 0.019 -0.022 -0.283 -0.008 0.008 0.083 0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.971 .060 -0.160 -0.019 0.329 -0.005 -0.867 0.001 0.008 0.366 -0.001 0.016 -0.235 -0.034 -0.001 -0.136 0.073 0.273 -0.708 -1.670 -0.025 -0.114 0.119 0.181 -0.008 -0.001 S3= 0.300 0.158 -0.146 -0.016 -0.001 -0.054 -0.040 0.402 -0.051 S2= -0.341 SE= -0.

046 0.134 0.014 -0.057 0.111 -0.019 -0.253 0.182 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.057 -0.457 -0.000 0.005 0.056 0.236 -0.000 -0.000 0.032 -0.000 0.005 S2= -0.052 S2= -0.094 0.000 -0.064 0.024 0.013 -0.056 0.000 0.000 -0.039 -0.028 -0.024 0.033 0.051 -0.000 0.819 -0.055 -0.047 S2= -0.076 0.000 0.255 -0.351 SE= 0.024 0.234 0.204 -0.037 0.047 0.019 -0.000 0.000 0.609 -0.489 0.479 0.334 -0.100 -0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.323 -0.024 0.119 -0.363 -0.017 0.041 -0.003 -0.076 0.707 -0.010 -0.108 0.014 0.190 0.000 0.233 -0.061 0.044 -0.000 0.002 0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.038 0.128 -0.102 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.003 -0.029 -0.388 0.526 -0.555 0.314 0.874 -0.429 -0.084 0.016 0.000 0.055 0.014 -0.047 -0.733 -1.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.707 0.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.006 -0.149 0.024 0.072 -0.120 -0.077 0.279 -0.013 -0.025 -0.000 0.042 -0.000 0.102 0.230 -0.001 S3= 0.000 0.018 -0.023 -0.397 -0.000 0.879 -0.262 -0.034 0.024 0.822 0.735 0.065 0.514 -0.316 0.015 -0.320 0.024 0.070 -0.507 0.020 -0.196 0.000 S3= 0.000 -0.069 0.000 0.021 -0.056 0.294 -0.203 -0.000 0.789 0.024 0.000 0.043 -0.472 0.420 -0.233 -0.323 0.174 -0.291 -0.160 -0.605 -0.674 0.278 -0.458 0.024 SE= 0.053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= 4 23 4 27 4 28 4 24 4 43 4 47 4 48 4 44 -0.000 -0.312 -0.411 0.240 -0.274 -0.206 S3= -0.397 -0.007 0.901 0.000 -0.469 -0.000 -0.484 0.081 -0.285 -0.822 -0.304 -0.000 0.000 -0.128 -0.049 -0.064 -0.049 -0.217 241 .021 -0.766 -0.048 0.550 0.585 -0.813 -1.030 0.014 -0.463 -1.000 0.053 0.036 0.399 -0.000 0.540 -1.034 -0.064 0.000 -0.031 0.707 0.056 -0.317 -0.006 -0.350 -0.042 SE= -0.039 -0.012 -0.000 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.422 0.018 0.091 -0.024 0.401 -0.245 -0.802 0.242 -0.335 0.000 0.009 -0.053 -0.259 0.018 -0.000 0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.046 -0.000 0.165 -0.000 0.088 -0.129 -0.024 0.101 -0.103 -0.000 0.550 -0.177 -0.041 0.323 -0.083 -0.210 S3= -0.000 -0.000 0.040 -0.028 -0.004 -0.298 SE= 0.000 S2= 0.010 -0.

Application Examples 242 Example Problem 24 67.Pro.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * Europe support@reel.Part I .com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.net * ************************************************************ .reiusa.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.

Example Problem 24 NOTES 243 .

Application Examples 244 Example Problem 24 NOTES .Part I .

245 . the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case.Example Problem 25 Example Problem No. 25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. Since the structural condition is load dependent.

UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are specified above.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.Part I . Consequently. 2 0 10 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. This is because. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR COMPRESSION MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. it is necessary to have 2 commands. Also. 4 15 20 . To accommodate these requirements. . 5 15 10 . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 3 0 20 . The second line is an optional comment line. This structure is a PLANE frame. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. 6 15 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above.

if during the analysis. are defined above.Example Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 . it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 Properties for members 1 to 10 are defined as the STandard W12X26 section from the American AISC steel table. 8 2 4 . This model contains 10 members. 10 2 5 Member numbers. 9 3 5 . material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported. 7 2 6 . LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 247 . Hence for each load case. DENSITY is not specified since selfweight does not happen to be one of the load cases being solved for. and the joints between which they are connected.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of E.

Without the re-activation. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. . The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 25 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. Next.Part I . LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 In load case 2. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are once again declared compression-only for the load case to follow. joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5. CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis. these members cannot be accessed for further processing. The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again.

PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing.Example Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -15 5 FX –10 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. In other words. are recognized as the "active" load cases. 249 . support reactions and member forces to the output file. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis.0 2 1. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.

.Part I .Application Examples 250 Example Problem 25 FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.

18. 5 FX -15 31. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 13. 20. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 .0/ 3142. EXMEM = 568. 4. Case= 2 1 iterations.1 MB **START ITERATION NO. 36. LOAD LIST ALL 251 . 37. 33. LOAD 2 28. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 7 2 6 . Case= CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. 2. CHANGE 25.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 35. Intl. 12.Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. CHANGE 40.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 39. 9 3 5 . 6. 38. 2 0 10 . 5. 9. MEMBER COMPRESSION 26. 21. 3. 14. 1 2 iterations. 19. 23. 10.0 2 1. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32. 5 15 10 . 6 TO 9 27. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. 8. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 7. 4 FX -10 30. 2 iterations. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. DISK SPACE = 12. 16. 34. 4 15 20 . JOINT LOAD 29. 15. 11. 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 22.3 MB. 3 0 20 . 17.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8 2 4 .

00 0.00 0.30 2.00 0.24 -0.00 0.24 2 3 2 3 2 3 -6.33 23.00000 0.00001 -0.03 0.28 -0.47 1.01262 -0.00000 0.00 0.00025 0.11 6.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00000 0.24 -0.00 0.05088 0.00004 MOM Z 0.00 0.74 -0.00364 0.00 0.04314 -0.Part I .00 0.24 0.13 -0.15 -0.90 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -0.00000 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 23.00 0.73 0.00 0.00 0.00025 0.22 0.00041 0.00000 0.00000 0.00024 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 15.13 24.00 0.00000 0.90 0.90 -1.00000 0.00000 0.90 -23.00 0.00 -3.00381 0.00 0.00 0.07775 -0.00000 0.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 25 41.00024 -0.11 0.11 0.74 5 6 5 6 5 6 6.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 12.00 0.11 -0.00 0.70 0.00 0.00000 0.88 0.00000 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.22 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 0.15 -6.87 0.28 -6.00000 0.33 -1.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.00000 0.00 3.15 -2.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.01618 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.33 6.30 11.00 0.03 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.15 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.15 0.18 -24.00 0.50 2.05088 -0.00 0.00215 -0.00 0.32 -15.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -23.00000 0.00 0.01618 -0.00000 0.33 0.00 0.01262 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.11 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.03 0.00 -15.50 2.00000 0.24 0.00 0.33 -23.47 0.00 0.03 0.22 0.00000 0.87 2.07766 0.00 0.00364 0.00 0.00000 0.11 -0.15 0.47 1.13 -2.00080 0.00 -15.00 0.00255 0.00000 0.00 0.79 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.00 11.00 0.70 -11.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00050 -0.00215 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.58 0.00001 -0.00080 0.00 0.00 0.00015 0.00041 0.00 25.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.88 0.24 0.00 0.07775 -0.58 6.70 -2.00 0.00000 0.00 0.30 -2.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.32 -11.00022 0.79 2.00000 0.00 0.90 -6.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00001 -0.03 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.58 -2.00 0.00373 0.07766 -0.00 0.00001 -0.00373 0.50 0.00 0.13 0.00050 0.00000 0.00000 0.04314 -0.79 -0.00 0.03 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 15.00015 0.03 0.18 -23.03 -0.13 -0.00 0.00022 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 -25.00 0.15 -0.00 0.00255 0.00 23.00381 0.00 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 1 2 3 .00000 0.13 -0.90 0.58 6.11 -0.15 -0.33 23.11 -0.00000 0.70 -12.00000 0.00000 0.22 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 Z-ROTAN 0.73 15.00004 -0.79 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -9.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -29.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.60 -11.66 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.22 28.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.60 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -11.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 -4.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Pro.51 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.reiusa.32 -0.00 0.63 2.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.51 0.00 0.55 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.50 0.63 -29.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 29.00 0.22 28.60 4.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -28.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.32 0.55 8.00 11.00 -28.00 0.00 4.00 0.00 0.98 -0.00 0.50 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.55 -9.00 0.00 0.98 -8.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 253 .00 2.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.

Application Examples 254 Example Problem 25 NOTES .Part I .

255 . 26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements.Example Problem 26 Example Problem No. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. Using the master-slave command.

85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the data to follow. 22 29 30 24 . 37 49 50 39 . 73 42 46 75 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 .Application Examples 256 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. created during the generation process used above. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . are then deleted. 118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 100 38 22 102 . Y and Z axes. 109 50 34 111 . The unwanted joints. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 55 10 14 57 . 82 58 62 84 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 .Part I . 7 9 10 9 . 4 5 6 6 . 91 26 10 93 . . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 64 26 30 66 . 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . The second line is an optional title to identify this project. 46 61 62 48 .

ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0.Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. Poisson's Ratio.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above. CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American table. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. Built-in default values for steel and 257 . and Density are specified.

0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.0 The above data describe a static load case. It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed. SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31.0 17. The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified. LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10. The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly.0 33.0 49. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 .Application Examples 258 Example Problem 26 concrete for these quantities are assigned.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.Part I .

Example Problem 26 The above data describe a second static load case. LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.0 In the above static load case. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. plate element pressure loading on a floor is applied in the negative global Y direction. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure. then print member forces for two members. then print support reactions at selected joints. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints. 259 .

16. 5. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 68. 48. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 49. 43. 91 26 10 93 . 13. 22 29 30 24 . 73 42 46 75 . 25. 21. 7 9 10 9 . 18. 8. 100 38 22 102 . 9. 32.0 . 12.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 33. 72. 46. 15. 52. 42. 51. 30. 61.75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. 7. 58. 14. 64 26 30 66 . 27.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. 56. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 82 58 62 84 .0 33. 46 61 62 48 . 22. 60. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 .0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 .0 17. 11. 44.0 49. 6.Part I .0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. 20.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. 4 5 6 6 . 19. 67. 62. 38. 71. 63. 28. 29.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20. 34. 3. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 37 49 50 39 .0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. 36. 65. 54. 23. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . Intl. STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 59. 40.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 .0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47. 37. 118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. 47.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 39.0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 31. 26. 70. 66. 55 10 14 57 .0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.Application Examples 260 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 109 50 34 111 . 69. 2. 45. 17. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 55.

25499 -0.00 0.5/ 3142.00056 -0. EXMEM = 568.00024 0.33161 -0.00030 0.49676 0. 78.10 129.00792 0.00 0. 74.00159 0.02716 0.00 0.00 0.09027 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.00041 -0.01536 -0.00 0.06556 -1.00363 -0.00103 0.51350 -0.10 -5.08128 -0.21215 -21.00059 -0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 18 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.04609 1.01 0.34 -0.23216 0.00 0.00059 0.00041 -0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.04919 0.00625 0.00495 -0. 77.13263 6.88242 0.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.32921 8.09027 8.01 0.02065 -0.19363 -0.00 -0.07454 0.00120 0. 80.00363 -0.00 0.06978 -0.58 2 3 115 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 261 .00041 -0.00036 -0.00 4.00031 -0.45739 8.00363 -0.00363 -0.02678 -0.09261 0.00 0.25499 -0.87442 -0.00054 0.09027 8.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.00 198.21215 -0.02115 -1.00 0.32921 8.00028 0.00088 -0.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.00 0.00017 -0.09261 0.86781 -0.45739 8.00108 0.00056 -0.64214 -0.00 7.00041 -0.00 0.39 0.32 -8.00 0. 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.87442 -0.00001 0.00031 0.00056 -0.00056 -0.07468 -0.83 1407.00 0.00008 -0.64214 -0.00 322.88 -137. DISK SPACE = 12.45046 0.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 83.13263 6.70 -7.06312 -0.08468 -0.38 208.32 125.04703 0.00140 -0.50252 -0. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.07452 -0.00 0.00 0.33161 -0.09268 -21.00167 -0.00102 0.04704 -0.00056 -0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 20/ 17/ 113 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.01 0.34 -129.00041 -0.00791 -0.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.01 0.41 336.00028 -0.04712 0.59584 0.07823 -0.13 1173.87442 -0.00046 -0.70 8.00162 0.00 0.09027 0.96702 -0.00002 0.13263 6.87442 -0.94 58 42 58 42 58 42 0.96702 -0.2 MB.01 -0.00057 -0.07792 0.00503 -0.14 -137.82 1835.00 0.00058 -0.96702 -0.45739 8.73 -4.13263 6.01 0.00 0.00 0.00041 -0.39 -125.73 5.00 -0.02166 1.45046 -0.86713 0.19716 0.00 0.04716 0.34 0.00000 0.23216 0.00363 -0.00245 0.00014 0.00014 0.00 0.32 -0.49676 0.00041 -0.00363 -0.00090 0.00363 -0.59584 0.1 MB 82.00649 0.96702 -0. 76.00 0.00 0.45739 8.02679 -0.00025 -0.00166 0.84 -85.32921 8.00056 -0.23 -85.00056 -0.07454 0.00 0.00041 -0.09268 -0.00363 -0.32 0.00 0.Example Problem 26 73.27 1696.06978 -0.02679 -0.00452 -0.32921 8.00056 -0.00 0.00207 -0.00 0.

76 -58.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.03 0.14 1731.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.25 -54.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.96 0.01 0.47 -483.69 231.01 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Application Examples 262 Example Problem 26 84.00 0.53 -54.82 -54.52 -91.Pro.net * ************************************************************ .13 -500.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.87 -58.51 51.03 0.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.37 53.60 -69.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.54 -14.10 7.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.63 487.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86.98 -28.36 68.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.91 -470.74 -11.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.56 -500.17 1732. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.90 -257.65 31.co.reiusa.Part I .55 92.co.26 -469.68 -55.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.31 70.00 50.

Example Problem 26 NOTES 263 .

Application Examples 264 Example Problem 26 NOTES .Part I .

27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. 265 . A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed.Example Problem 27 Example Problem No.

0 0.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.5 7 0.0 For joints 1 through 7.5 6 0. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.0 0.333 5 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 3 times.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line. Y and Z axes.0 2 0.0 28.0 36. the joint number followed by the X.Part I .5 0.0 0. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 20. it is necessary to have 2 commands. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.167 4 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 REPEAT 3 8. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. Also. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. Consequently.0 3 0.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 0.Application Examples 266 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. . To accommodate these requirements.0 40.5 feet.0 12.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.

The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and the data is used as the basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element. SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute. UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.0 267 . The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later). CONSTANTS E 4000.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 ALL POISSON 0.0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8.0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES.

29 30 FY -205.50 The above data describe a static load case.50 kip/sq.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate support springs which are effective in the global Y direction.7 27 FY -1085.ft. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 26 FY -542.5 47 54 82 FY -264. 8 9 FY -109.Part I . 5 FY -308.7 6 FY -617.2 . Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. A pressure load of 1. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case.ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements. Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade modulus of soil.4 22 23 FY -410. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.

0 FY -410.0 99 100 FY 205.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.3 FY -546.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.0 FY -109. 29 30 FY -102.0 120 121 FY 108.3 92 93 FY 102. 26 FY -271.0 103 FY 243.0 113 114 FY 54.0 FY -273.0 269 .5 47 54 82 FY -132.7 6 FY -310.4 22 23 FY -205. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case.0 FY -974.0 FY -217.3 FY -205.0 104 FY 487. 8 9 FY -50.7 27 FY -542. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command. 5 FY -150.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.0 FY -487.

Part I . are obtained for load case 3.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Application Examples 270 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136. . LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements.3 FY 273. The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis. with the help of the above commands. element stresses for elements 34 and 67. and support reactions at a list of joints.

0/ 40260. 13.0 12. 14.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740. 6.167 4 0. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. DISK SPACE = 13.0 40. 29. 21.0 6.00 = -7740.0 36.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 11. 15.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 REPEAT 3 8. 8. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 24.00 = 0. 10. 32. 12. 30. 28.7 MB **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.5 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0. 22. 2.0 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800.0 0.0 2 0.5 0.0 0.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.0 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 37. 4.0 0.0 0.0 CONSTANTS E 4000.5 7 0. 18. 9. 16. 3.333 5 0.5 6 0.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.0 0.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 0. 26. 25.0 28. 17.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. 36. 41. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 0. 39.0 0.01 MY= 0. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.0 ALL POISSON 0.00 1 ) 1 1 271 . 35.0 20.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230.0 0.0 0.03 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 7. 40.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. Intl. 33.0 0.0 3 0. 20. 43.

3 125 FY -546. 65.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9.0 99 100 FY -410.00 MZ= 499230. 66.4 22 23 FY -410.00000E+00 0 RZ= -4.Part I . 47. 50.50000E+00 1 Z = 0. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 62.0 124 FY -273. 68.02 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.00 = -13964.69957E-02 6 2 ) 884991. 55. 53. 26 FY -542.3 92 93 FY -205. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 57.0 104 FY -974.66 MY= 0.0 103 FY -487.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 64. 61. 5 FY -308.0 113 114 FY -109. 46.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.19726E-10 80 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 44.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.51342E-10 121 RY= 0. 48. 63.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253.00000E+00 0 RX= 9. 49. 60.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253.7 6 FY -617.09725E+01 120 Z = 0.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.5 47 54 82 FY -264.01 MY= 0.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.66 MY= 0.0 120 121 FY -217.47 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 2 2 .7 27 FY -1085.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.90 = 0. 58.Application Examples 272 Example Problem 27 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800. 56. 54.00000E+00 0 RX= 7. 29 30 FY -205. 8 9 FY -109.00 MZ= 2 ) -884991.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964. 52.89606E-02 99 RY= 0. 59. 51.

Example Problem 27 69.00 = -10533. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 3 3 273 . 103 FY 243.0 87. 124 FY 136. 8 9 FY -50. 29 30 FY -102. 4 **START ITERATION NO. CHANGE 71.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519.09786E-01 125 3 ) 478687. 77. 81. 5 FY -150. 113 114 FY 54. ELEMENT LOAD 73.22268E-01 120 RY= 0.0 89. 92 93 FY 102. JOINT LOADS 75.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519. 47 54 82 FY -132.7 78.3 93. 26 FY -271. 76. 80.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 125 FY 273.50 74.00 MZ= 3 ) -478687.0 88.10 = 0. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' 72.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 3 **START ITERATION NO.00000E+00 0 RZ= 1.6 95. 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 22 23 FY -205.5 84. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.3 86. 104 FY 487. 27 FY -542. 2 **START ITERATION NO. 99 100 FY 205.00000E+00 0 Y = 2.4 79.7 82. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START ITERATION NO.36 MY= 0.0 91. 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 48 55 76 83 FY -264.36 MY= 0. 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations.0 90.78 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 97.00000E+00 0 RX= -1.0 92.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533. 1 2 FY -100.2 85. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.4 83. LOAD LIST 3 98. 120 121 FY 108.83669E+01 120 Z = 0. 6 FY -310.

1 ANGLE= -27.00000 0.81 0.06945 0.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 27 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.06 168.00 0.08 153.53915 28.45 188.49737 0.00000 0.21 -57. 67 67 CASE NO.91 SMAX= 375.00000 0.29 SMAX= 1074.00000 0.00000 0.249564E+02 67 3 1.12227 -0.10056 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.99 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .00 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19.29 TMAX= ANGLE= -34.00000 0.09437 -0.00 ANGLE= -27.64 3 TOP : BOTT: 37.13 101.00 148. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.62 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.303438E+03 67 3 1.06506 0.2 5.36691 22.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.62 SMAX= 30.51 0.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.96 43.00 724.00 0.91 SMIN= -1074.81 202.00 0.00 101. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -4.11615 Y-ROTAN 0.2 ANGLE= -34.00000 0.00 1449.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.00 0.25 SMAX= 171.10 149.09579 -0.00000 X-ROTAN -0.Part I .00 0. 3 3 7.58 0.08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 99.13 6.00 202.44 1449.60 0.74 2.449913E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 100.96 724.00 6.00000 0.38 1303.83 1303.00 0.44 0.00 0.96 0.074621E+03 -1.00 0.00000 0.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 SMIN= -30.50 188.17264 14.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.074621E+03 PLATE NO.

com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.co.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.reiusa. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.Pro.Example Problem 27 101.net * ************************************************************ 275 .co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.com * * Europe support@reel.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.

Application Examples 276 Example Problem 27 NOTES .Part I .

pier-cap girders and a deck slab. The structure consists of piers. 28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below. 277 .Example Problem 28 Example Problem No.

The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. To achieve this. Next. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25).5 0 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.5 0 0. joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation. using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis. Following this.Part I . We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands. 4 9 0 0. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file. Y and Z coordinates are specified first. the above command is required. 5 11. UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above. we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure. 63 new joints are generated. . 2 4 0 0.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 3 6.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6.5 0 0. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error. 6 15. the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters. in 3 successive operations. the joint number followed by the X. Y and Z axes. 11 -1 10 0 25 16. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0.

No generation is involved here. 5 5 21 . we create members 202 to 215. 71 71 82 . 404 to 417. 70 70 80 . The above method. 51 51 63 . 48 48 57 . The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 279 . where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers. 303 to 316. 2 2 15 . Details of this command is available in Section 5. MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 29 29 40 . 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. and. 27 27 36 .Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. 49 49 59 .11 of the Technical Reference manual. Then. 4 4 19 . the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated. by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment). 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 28 28 38 . Similarly. 50 50 61 . 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. For example. 3 3 17 . 72 72 84 . 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 69 69 78 . 30 30 42 . is the explicit definition method.

GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements. plates and beams are properly connected. and another 168 for the 3rd span.5 10 0 . with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD. we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. At every node along their common boundary. In other words. there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. Similarly. B 16. For this. Thus. 46 and 32). C and D (which in turn are nodes 11. 168 elements are created for the 2nd span. we use a technique called mesh generation.Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements. from the superelement bound by the corners A.14 of the Technical Reference manual. Alternatively. 25. These are the elements which make up the first span. Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element. Details of the above can be found in Section 5. etc. A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32. C 20. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements. D 3 10 14 .Part I . It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 .5 10 14 . we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. and 12 along the edges BC and DA. For example. B. The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element.

Example Problem 28

and vice versa. The tools of the graphical user interface may be
used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this
model.
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups.
Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be
used to refer to a cluster of entities, such as members. For our
structure, the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called
GIRDERS, the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS, and so
on. For the deck, a few selected elements are chosen into a few
selective groups. The reason is that these elements happen to be
right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the
frequency calculation.
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections
for the girders, and prismatic circular sections for the columns.
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375

281

Part I - Application Examples

282

Example Problem 28

The plate elements of the deck slab, which happen to be at a Y
elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11
metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms.
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq.mm for all
members. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.
Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also
assigned to ALL members and elements.
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
Following a change of units, density of concrete is specified.
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports).
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
Theoretically, a structure has as many modes of vibration as the
number of degrees of freedom in the model. However, the
limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes
may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted. In a
large structure, the extraction process can also be very time
consuming. Further, not all modes are of equal importance. (One
measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of
that mode.) In many cases, the first few modes may be sufficient to
obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response.
Due to these reasons, in the absence of any explicit instruction,
STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. This is like saying that
the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified.

Example Problem 28

(Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD.Pro 2000 calculated only 3
modes by default).
If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall
vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained, one may
ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with
the help of this command. The number that follows this command
is the number of modes being requested. In our example, we are
asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65.
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD
YRA 9 11 PR GX 200
YRA 9 11 PR GY 200
YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200
* VEHICLES ON SPANS - ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED
ELEMENT LOAD
_P1 PR GY 700
_P2 PR GY 700
_P3 PR GY 700
_P4 PR GY 700
_P5 PR GY 700
_P6 PR GY 700
_P1 PR GZ 700
_P2 PR GZ 700
_P3 PR GZ 700
_P4 PR GZ 700
_P5 PR GZ 700
_P6 PR GZ 700
The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen
extraction method. Some information on this is available in
Section 1.18.3 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference Manual.

283

Part I - Application Examples

284

Example Problem 28

The method involves 2 matrices - the stiffness matrix, and the
mass matrix.
The stiffness matrix, usually called the [K] matrix, is assembled
using data such as member and element lengths, member and
element properties, modulus of elasticty, Poisson's ratio, member
and element releases, member offsets, support information, etc.
For assembling the mass matrix, called the [M] matrix, STAAD
uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL
CAL REQ command is specified. So, some of the important
aspects to bear in mind are :
1.

The input you specify is weights, not masses. Internally,
STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input
by "g", the acceleration due to gravity.

2.

If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame, there are 2
possible directions of vibration - global X, and global Y. If
the structure is declared as a SPACE frame, there are 3
possible directions - global X, global Y and global Z.
However, this does not guarantee that STAAD will
automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the
available directions.
You have control over and are responsible for specifying the
directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. In other
words, if a weight is not specified along a certain direction,
the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example,
global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a
contribution in the mass matrix. The mass matrix is
assembled using only the masses from the weights and
directions specified by the user.
In our example, notice that we are specifying the selfweight
along global X, Y and Z directions. Similarly, a 200 kg/sq.m
pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the
deck.

Example Problem 28

But for the truck loads, we choose to apply it on just a few
elements in the global Y and Z directions only. The reasoning
is something like - for the X direction, the mass is not
capable of vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll
along X. Remember, this is just a demonstration example, not
necessarily what you may wish to do.
The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to
restrict a certain weight to certain directions only, all he/she
has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights
cannot vibrate in.
3.

As much as possible, provide absolute values for the weights.
STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at
nodes. So, if some weights are specified as positive numbers
and others as negative, the total weight at a given node is the
algebraic summation of all the weights in the global
directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this
algebraic resultant.
MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED

This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and
modes should be calculated. It is specified inside a load case. In
other words, this command accompanies the loads that are to be
used in generating the mass matrix.
Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic
analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is
carried out. But in such analyses, the MODAL CALCULATION
REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. When STAAD
encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11)
and time history (see examples 16 and 22), it automatically will
carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL ..
command.

285

Part I - Application Examples

286

Example Problem 28

PERFORM ANALYSIS
This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the
frequencies. Frequencies, periods and participation factors are
automatically reported in the output file when the operation is
completed.
FINISH
This terminates the STAAD run.

Example Problem 28
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STAAD.Pro
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Version
Bld
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE
IGNORE LIST
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 4 0 0; 3 6.5 0 0; 4 9 0 0; 5 11.5 0 0; 6 15.5 0 0
11 -1 10 0 25 16.5 10 0
REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14
MEMBER INCI
1 1 13 ; 2 2 15 ; 3 3 17 ; 4 4 19 ; 5 5 21 ; 6 6 23
26 26 34 ; 27 27 36 ; 28 28 38 ; 29 29 40 ; 30 30 42 ; 31 31 44
47 47 55 ; 48 48 57 ; 49 49 59 ; 50 50 61 ; 51 51 63 ; 52 52 65
68 68 76 ; 69 69 78 ; 70 70 80 ; 71 71 82 ; 72 72 84 ; 73 73 86
101 11 12 114
202 32 33 215
303 53 54 316
404 74 75 417
DEFINE MESH
A JOINT 11
B JOINT 25
C JOINT 46
D JOINT 32
E JOINT 67
F JOINT 53
G JOINT 88
H JOINT 74
GENERATE ELEMENT
MESH ABCD 14 12
MESH DCEF 14 12
MESH FEGH 14 12
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD

287

465E-16 5.308 17.34695 0.000E+00 .275 11.683 5.05020 ACCURACY 0. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED. 94. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.238 7.033E-16 7. 80.278E-16 3.549E-16 5.000E+00 0.000E+00 3.909E-16 6.13911 0.NO.189 7.654 14.999E-16 5.05778 0.747 19.08638 0. 95.577 11.09316 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 500 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.05721 0.314E-16 3.882 3.22130 0. 100.000E+00 1. ELEM.61111 0.646E-16 0. 86.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ 584/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 496/ 24/ 150 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.719E-16 1.000E+00 2.21355 0. 84.24532 0.462E-16 5. 87. 81.06774 0.921 12.NO.519 4. ELEM.05070 0.363 10.085 12.13582 0.466E-16 0. 83. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1. 99.076 4. 88.636 2. 90.229E-16 2.19889 0.754 4.08275 0.08388 0.725 19. 92. 93.07311 0.014E-16 3.06824 0.028 7.076E-16 6.08454 0.22870 0.26636 0.488 13.762 15.155E-16 3.08007 0.373 4.199E-16 0.08869 0.602 2.341 10.13815 0.478 17.5 MB 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.025E-16 8.146E-16 4.Part I .000E+00 9. DISK SPACE = 23.08961 0.734 11. ELEM.343E-16 2.436E-16 1.38433 0.06612 0.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 28 79.733E-16 6.09671 0.4/ 40260.921 0. 89.253E-16 2.829 11.158E-16 2.677 14.125 17.05635 0. 96.NO. YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS .160 11. 97.553E-16 0. 85.

04587 0.776 28.369E-05 289 .02216 ACCURACY 4.411 35.559E-07 1.110 42.082E-08 4.580E-16 1.529 38.701 42.153 23.043E-14 2.947E-12 7.395 45.Example Problem 28 MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 20.279E-15 5.585 38.02363 0.04850 0.04667 0.891 44.536 20.03355 0.02932 0.998E-16 3.518 23.162 35. To use these frequencies.03174 0.146 21.618 20.469 26.009 32.02824 0.03785 0.154E-05 1.101 34.133E-12 1.471E-12 1.927 36. MODE 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 40.04531 0.518 40.723E-05 6.02499 0.422 26.690 32.313E-13 6.804 30.290E-14 2.04056 0.186E-10 6. These are for information only and will not be used.923 35.540E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.02375 0.02253 0.02592 0.002 26.442E-05 4.701E-09 2.574 32.655 25.02532 ACCURACY 0.02221 0.02863 0.007E-16 3.336E-16 0.550 29.04729 0.02738 0.399E-07 2. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.972 29.426 21.523 42.02844 0.000E+00 4.088E-06 6. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.902E-07 6.808 27.04169 0.013 40.03730 0.318 42.03600 0.03124 0.03227 0.985 24.305 27.013E-06 3.02444 0.676E-16 6.924 41.132E-05 7.03926 0.878E-16 5.403E-06 6.986E-14 1.277E-10 3.03043 0.204E-16 7.02331 0.03662 0.803E-11 1.025 45.02783 0.070 23.034E-15 2.052E-15 8.366E-11 3.03452 0.878E-09 1.801 22.182E-16 2.863 34.501 31.03070 0.986E-06 9.03384 0.876E-16 4.02468 0.992 31.276E-13 3.02408 0.845 21.826 39.04797 0.452E-16 1.02576 0.134 0.02342 0.494 PERIOD(SEC) 0.04869 0.03156 0.012E-09 2.03846 0.04252 0.272E-09 9.985E-06 2.000E+00 6.04319 0.

326 99.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 0.355 56.00 3.407 74.00 0.53 0.00 0.889 99.766 99.859 99.971 99.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.368 56.973 99.856 99.00 0.062 99.326 99.00 0.00 25.01 0.308 65.00 0.364 56.00 0.940 99.56 0.871 55.00 0.831 73.971 99.00 0.00 0.06 0.972 99.00 0.061 99.000 0.229 3.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 99.758 73.858 99.00 0.319 65.937 99.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.932 67.856 99.858 99.611 73.135 99.00 0.05 0.01 0.575 30.00 0.610 73.349 56.00 0.326 99.00 0.00 0.354 56.14 0.973 99.04 0.00 0.623 73.860 99.947 99.00 0.00 0.856 99.536 3.00 0.985 99.23 0.974 99.00 0.13 0.898 99.00 0.591 57.384 56.676 58.857 99.00 0.06 0.00 0.14 0.979 56.754 99.06 0.859 99.214 65.00 0.01 0.02 0.854 99.00 0.965 99.754 99.00 0.15 0.926 67.00 0.981 99.856 99.972 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.587 55.00 0.01 0.973 99.79 0.856 99.973 99.753 99.00 0.974 99.858 99.00 0.496 3.736 99.736 65.868 99.00 0.00 0.151 99.00 0.15 0.766 99.205 61.202 99.04 0.09 0.857 99.27 0.974 99.923 99.00 0.00 0.948 99.00 0.033 73.00 0.226 73.856 99.01 0.00 0.00 0.732 61.204 99.00 0.00 0.823 73.737 65.19 0.204 99.112 99.00 0.00 0.03 0.869 0.057 73.740 99.909 99.37 0.859 99.00 0.974 99.326 99.00 0.965 99.042 99.972 99.53 0.984 99.136 99.980 73.868 99.969 55.11 0.985 99.48 0.15 0.17 0.14 0.00 1.354 56.00 0.467 74.611 73.01 0.858 99.939 99.736 99.00 0.00 0.741 99.736 99.38 0.00 26.967 67.736 73.006 74.364 56.000 55.740 99.00 0.986 .829 99.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.562 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.740 55.00 0.00 0.969 68.00 0.000 0.972 99.226 73.01 0.07 0.973 99.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.970 99.971 99.735 99.858 99.42 0.00 0.832 99.26 0.973 99.854 99.622 73.00 0.062 99.02 0.53 0.00 0.767 99.02 0.05 0.865 99.Application Examples 290 Example Problem 28 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 X Y Z 0.968 73.00 0.358 56.969 55.855 99.00 0.04 0.852 99.00 0.01 0.00 0.985 99.00 0.135 99.00 0.972 99.00 0.144 74.383 56.151 99.768 99.976 99.00 0.00 0.18 0.753 99.00 0.00 0.06 0.965 99.00 0.04 99.03 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.857 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.01 0.01 0.923 99.973 99.012 99.973 99.00 0.740 99.01 0.974 99.00 0.859 99.01 0.911 99.04 0.02 0.59 0.02 0.765 99.972 99.861 99.973 99.00 2.740 99.00 0.00 0.09 0.860 99.973 99.00 0.973 99.905 72.868 99.764 74.00 0.972 99.151 99.965 99.00 0.970 74.364 56.00 0.975 99.00 0.116 72.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.00 0.937 99.730 73.00 0.151 99.Part I .05 0.858 99.00 3.00 0.736 67.857 99.974 99.856 99.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.971 99.940 99.856 99.00 0.927 55.858 99.768 99.767 99.

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.Pro.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.co.reiusa.net * ************************************************************ 291 .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Example Problem 28 102.com * * Europe support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.

000E+00 3 2. look at the output file. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.754 0.000E+00 10 7. we obtain a report. (i) Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes.000E+00 .373 0.238 0.13911 8.076 0.028 0.34695 8.19889 0.STAAD output).189 0.24532 3.000E+00 5 4.683 0.025E-16 7 4.26636 0.466E-16 6 4.View .636 0.916E-16 11 7.641E-16 8 4.666E-16 4 3.882 0. (This file can be viewed from File .602 0.Part I .363 0.38433 0.Output File .13815 0.61111 1.13582 0.519 0.22870 6.344E-16 2 2.000E+00 12 7.21355 5.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete.22130 5.253E-16 9 5.

we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode. The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes.736 55.536 99.00 0.00 99.00 99.204 55. The SUMM-X.02 99.00 3. But for the Y direction.326 10 0.151 0.736 55.59 0.15 0. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction.00 99.00 99.151 0.00 0.496 99.042 2 99.27 0.135 8 0.00 0.01 0.062 4 0.575 99.062 5 0.151 3.04 percent participation.326 11 0. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26. even with 10 modes.06 0.000 99.00 99.740 99.736 55. the first 2 modes are sufficient.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.00 26. One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X.135 7 0.05 99.969 99.229 99.14 0.012 0. The out-of-plane flexible nature of 293 .202 3.04 0.00 0.42 0. the first mode has a 99.00 99.326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command.00 0.04 0.00 0.871 99.05 0.151 3.19 99.927 99.204 30.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0.112 6 0.326 12 0.23 0. we barely obtained 60%.061 3 0.587 99.00 99.04 0.136 9 0.02 99.00 25.000 99. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode.53 0.00 99. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure.13 0.Example Problem 28 (ii) Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.735 55.000 99.

Part I . Localized modes. Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. select Post-processing from the mode menu. The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode. The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically. . This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views. also result in small participation factors. where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model. The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 28 the slab enables it to vibrate in a manner resembling a series of wave like curves. The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. (iii) Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed.

Example Problem 28 NOTES 295 .

Part I .Application Examples 296 Example Problem 28 NOTES .

29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. In this model. For the seismic case.00m 2.80m 1. 1.00m 297 .50m 3. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. the maximum values of displacements.Example Problem 29 Example Problem No.70m 1. The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case.90m 3. forces and reactions are obtained.80m 1.80m 3.

3 0 5. 26 7 19. 22 4 12. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . the joint number is followed by the X. 15 18 19. 18 20 21. Following this. 21 & 22) is carried out. 29 18 21 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. Y and Z axes.5 0 .5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 27 11 20. 2 0 3. 19 7.Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 25 3 17.6 7 0 . 20 22 16 21 2 10. 19 21 22. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9.11 of the Technical Reference manual. 18 & 19) and generation (20.Part I . Details of these commands are available in Section 5.3 0 .6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4. 16 19 8 17 12 20. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 14 17 18. another round of explicit definition (joints 17. REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation. 28 15 22. The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. 23 6 14 24 8 16.8 7 0 . UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above. Y and Z coordinates as specified above. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 18 4.

Just from the looks of the command. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names. such as members. The alternative. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM. and so on. MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table. the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL. For our structure. 299 . Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L150X150X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here. we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure.

UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA.mm for all members.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0.Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq. may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.30 of the Technical Reference manual.05 . UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands. which is 6. This command is explained in Section 5. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis. and hence the need to override the default.0 DAMPING 0. SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported.Part I . The default. The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure.

the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us. A sample portion of that file is as shown below. the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g". (If one wishes to specify a forcing function.0800 0. The first stage is defined above. That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides. the acceleration due to gravity. 0.004280 0. only one data set is defined. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. for example.0000 0. As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA. In this file. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration.006300 0.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers. Thus.1000 0.TXT". at 0.003640 0.000990 0.00364 multiplied by 9. and we shall be doing so at a later step.0200 0. the EQDATA. Consequently.0600 0.TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data. ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA.TXT. the keyword FORCE must be used instead.4 of the Technical Reference manual.0400 0.00364 multiplied by 32. Here.Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis.007580 0. the acceleration is 0.2 ft/sec^2). 301 .02 seconds. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.806 m/sec^2 (or 0.31. It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs.

similar to the squares of a chess board. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. Thus. the input required from the user is very simple .9 7. our structure has a floor slab.05.1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper). In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself. STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels. it is a non-structural entity which. of the area over which the pressure acts.Application Examples 302 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads. . how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy. LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system. It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure.0m elevation. But. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint.0. Y and Z coordinates in space. and the region of the structure in terms of X. At the Y=7. Since the slab is not part of the structural model. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method.0 The above data describe a static load case.load intensity in the form of pressure.Part I . The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction. We have chosen 0.

the selfweight. loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads. is to be applied along the X direction.TXT are to be factored by before they are used. as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1. acting at arrival time 1. Here we say that the seismic force. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed.9 7. b. GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9. 303 .806 The above command too is part of load case 3. Thus. The data here are a. as read from EQDATA. The number 9.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.9 7.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6.9 7.806 indicates the value which the accleration data. which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated.

one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case. 1000 for FY etc. support reactions. However. As mentioned earlier. That means.Part I . 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3).0. he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities.Application Examples 304 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. That is what is being done above. etc. If the user wishes to see the results for each time step. computing nodal displacements. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements. The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations. We have chosen the factors to be 1. the maximum from among those time steps is available. and a negative combination. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations. If there are a 1000 time steps. the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step. support reactions and member end forces in the output file.0 3 1.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.0 2 1. not the ones generated for every time step. If we wish to do a design. for the dynamic case.0 In a time history analysis. these will be just the maximum values. Load combination case no.0 2 1. Load combination case no. for that load case. Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3).0 3 -1. there will be 1000 values of FX. a positive combination. .

Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .code check .is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12. FINISH 305 .

12. 18 20 21.3 0 .5 0 . 26 7 19. 55. 80.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) . 23 6 14 24 8 16. 20 22 16 21 2 10. 18. Intl. 15 18 19. 6. 69. 14. 21.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 16. 60. 13. 17. 75.6 7 0 .Application Examples 306 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 70. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 56. 3. 22 4 12. 63. 39. 29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. 64. 35. 19 21 22. 7. 45.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.1 FLOAD -500 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1. 41. 36. 53.9 7. 27 11 20. 19 7.05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 3 0 5. 26. 76. 22.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9. 14 17 18.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 32. 46. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. 74. 27.9 7. 37. 78. 57.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. 8.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 19. 65. 52.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.Part I . 25.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 29. 33. 4. 24. 51. 25 3 17. 43. 18 4.8 7 0 . STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 2 0 3. 23. 67. 71.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6. 15. 48. 54. 73.0 DAMPING 0. 61. 9. 31. 28 15 22.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. 68.9 7.9 7. 40. 30.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. 42. 5. 11.

650E-10 9.01913 0.011 65.02195 0.506E-10 3.032 4.026 158. 83.02194 0.996E-16 0.576 49. MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 88.761 15.361E-10 1.000E+00 4. DISK SPACE = 12. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.0 3 1.939E-15 3. 84.32978 0.01518 0.63847 0.332E-14 2.553 45.02039 0.01118 0.02038 0.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 4 120 30 54 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.364 89.01133 0.032 49.614E-15 7.06107 0.1/ 40259.00662 0. 1 1.01786 0.0 3 -1.06585 0.462E-15 2.227 165.Example Problem 29 81.198 4.18051 0.002E-14 4.507E-16 7.492E-16 0.553E-16 1.216 1.06104 0.015E-13 4.250E-15 2.692 65.01522 0.125 52.678E-08 4.405E-15 3.467E-16 1.270 5.757 151.23820 0.374E-15 2.856 88.080 3.73101 0.019 88.44194 0.0 2 1.497E-16 8.419 93. 86.01067 0.066E-16 4.272 55. These are for information only and will not be used.740 0.01136 0.406E-15 6.295 89.01785 0.242 16.474E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.01918 0.218E-15 9.00603 ACCURACY 1.898E-16 7.07836 0.711 12.23420 0.375 16.062E-15 6.132E-16 2.867E-15 3.023 1.146 89.613E-16 1.01815 0. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.00632 0.17510 0.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.82255 0.319E-12 1.753 12.420E-13 307 .830E-15 3.060 52.107 55.00632 0.618E-12 1.383 45.185 15.220 158.566 2.48072 0.368 1.731 93.01122 0.00662 0.152E-07 1.618E-16 1.01136 ACCURACY 5.020 151.545 5.967E-11 8.06561 0.000E+00 2.694 1.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 14/ 4/ 27 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.242E-08 1.07841 0.303E-07 2.18033 0.996 56.01119 0.0 2 1.094E-16 5.540 5.01067 0.161E-09 1. To use these frequencies. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.

00 0.00 0.758 99.00 0.00 0.758 99.00538 0.00 0.038 72.038 72.00 0.759 350.068 52.00 0.023 98.000 0.05 0.000 0.653 85.977 99.991 99.760 99.652 72.977 99.023 98.445833 Z= 2.03 0.00 0.591 69.038 72.023 98.00 0.816 51.46 0.646E-09 1.00538 0.00 0.977 99.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.991 99.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.742 183.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.977 99.82 0.996 0.000 0.324 85.23 1.01 0.728 99.00 0.023 98.00 0.061 99.06 0.00 0.00546 0.39 0.00 0.061 99.815 98.00 0.122 69.00 0.00 0.652 69.815 98.00 0.Application Examples 308 Example Problem 29 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 PERIOD(SEC) 165.00 0.00 0.00 85.804 351.469E-12 1.826 98.991 99.304010E-06 2.061 99.745833 .00 0.989 100.00 0.00 0.603 350.01 0.977 99.02 0.319 85.809722 87.47 0.977 99.00285 0.762E-10 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 X Y Z 0.00 0.828 99.00 0.036 185.319 85.00 0.00 0.991 99.310748E+01 2.00 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.038 81.00 51.833 0.000 0.068 52.00 10.826 98.023 98.52 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.455 99.00 0.591 69.00 0.00 0.00 0.977 99.748 185.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.745E-12 4.00 0.794E-07 7.01 0.728 99.452993E+03 5.00284 ACCURACY 1.991 99.00603 0.436E-13 1.00 0.360E-11 1.00 9.728 99.023 98.000 98.32 98.000 100.652 69.991 99.023 98.25 0.950E-10 8.000 0.991 99.653 81.652 69.03 7.991 99.00 0.977 99.00 0.122 59.00 0.068 59.068 52.00 0.00285 0.991 99.977 99.00 0.00 0.760 99.023 99.00 0.00 0.023 98.000 51.00 0.977 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00546 0.000 0.023 98.00 2.728 99.977 99.00 0.652 69.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9.23 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.000 0.815 98.816 52.353 98.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.61 0.00 13.996 99.977 99.026 183.816 51.00 0.000 100.00 0.

3428 9.0256 0.0189 0.3415 9.0160 -0.0000 0.0141 -0.0156 0.0000 0.0284 -0.0000 0.0000 0.5461 -8.0001 0.0001 0.1577 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0141 -0.0005 -0.0000 0.0004 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0145 -0.0001 0.1577 -0.2932 -9.2932 -9.0173 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3726 5.0000 0.0000 0.0030 -0.0000 0.0124 0.0061 -0.0015 -0.0399 9.0023 -0.0000 0.9290 7.0107 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0145 -0.0000 -0.0015 -0.0000 0.0016 -0.0000 -0.0123 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0139 0.0000 0.0000 0.0113 0.0141 -0.0004 0.0002 0.0000 0.0124 0.0046 -0.0002 0.0061 -0.0000 0.0021 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.0002 -0.3415 9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0173 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.1288 -5.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0021 -0.0083 -0.0000 0.3726 5.0050 -0.0046 -0.0005 -0.0077 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0046 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.6284 -0.0000 0.0139 309 .0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0115 0.0000 0.0000 0.0104 0.0070 -0.0284 -0.0158 0.0100 -0.7142 5.0015 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.4150 5.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0075 -0.0001 0.9428 8.0011 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0113 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.3897 0.0004 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0021 -0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0021 -0.0000 0.0075 0.0000 -0.0082 -0.0000 0.0107 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 0.0004 0.0107 -0.0001 -0.0001 0.0144 0.0002 0.0004 0.0001 0.3323 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0002 0.0104 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0046 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0137 0.0000 0.0027 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0245 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0189 0.3585 7.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.3585 7.0000 0.0005 0.0001 0.0002 -0.0158 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0015 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.7142 5.0000 0.0000 -0.0245 -0.3120 -0.0000 0.0105 0.0005 X-ROTAN 0.0000 -0.0004 0.0059 0.0001 0.0000 0.0001 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3323 0.0000 0.0016 -0.0000 -0.0014 -0.7306 6.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0123 0.0189 0.0000 0.0000 0.0160 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0050 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3897 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0012 -0.0000 0.Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0189 0.0000 0.0000 0.0453 9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0004 0.9290 7.0000 0.0000 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0068 -0.0141 -0.0004 0.0083 -0.0088 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0453 9.0124 -0.0000 0.0011 -0.0068 0.0001 0.0137 0.0000 0.0114 0.0173 -0.0050 0.0000 0.0013 -0.0001 0.4150 5.2573 -7.0014 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0088 -0.0000 0.0160 -0.0075 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0016 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0115 0.0202 0.0173 -0.0000 0.0068 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0107 -0.0000 0.0000 0.2707 -6.0000 -0.0070 -0.0075 0.1288 -5.3120 -0.2943 7.0000 0.0000 0.0086 0.0030 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 -0.5461 -8.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0075 0.0015 -0.3002 -9.0001 -0.0000 -0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0256 0.0000 0.0025 -0.2707 -6.0000 -0.0000 0.0100 -0.0020 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0144 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.7306 6.0004 0.0011 -0.3854 0.0000 0.0023 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 -0.0156 0.0123 0.0069 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0050 -0.0015 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 -0.0001 -0.0002 0.0004 0.0100 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0020 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 0.0012 -0.0118 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 0.

21 -873.3246 9.3674 -0.64 1257.0000 -0.0000 0.00 -18.0001 -0.Application Examples 310 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0000 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0059 0.3246 9.74 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 60.0001 0.0000 0.0001 0.3428 9.0004 0.0002 -0.0031 -0.3688 -1.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.00 0.0402 9.00 0.00 0.0021 -0.0008 0.0118 -0.74 -0.0009 0.00 0.0077 -0.00 0.0000 0.0039 0.02 -2345.74 18.0027 -0.0001 0.1022 -0.15 3278.0291 -0.0001 0.0202 0.00 0.0001 0.03 1260.0001 0.0033 -0.0057 -0.0009 0.51 3562.0733 -1.0006 0.0000 -0.0089 0.4118 1.0000 0.37 7850.0068 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.51 3562.4625 1.0025 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.3996 -1.0000 0.21 873.70 0.0000 0.0002 0.0160 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0009 0.00 0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 -0.00 0.0086 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0216 -1.00 0.74 0.0000 0.0025 -0.3246 9.0027 -0.62 -60.0030 -0.3720 -0.0000 -0.00 0.3266 9.0028 -0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 -0.70 0.0262 -0.15 3278.0031 -0.00 0.0000 0.65 991.0027 -0.0039 0.0009 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.35 1447.0124 0.0291 -0.0000 0.00 0.3728 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.7947 1.00 0.0038 0.3728 -0.00 18.0001 -0.0013 -0.3002 -9.0000 0.3674 -0.00 0.0002 0.0046 -0.0000 0.00 0.0004 0.00 0.00 0.0086 0.0001 0.37 7850.65 991.0000 0.0000 -0.0075 -0.0004 0.0086 0.9033 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.11 -3314.39 -1412.0105 -0.0000 0.96 -19.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0100 -0.0000 0.0402 9.0000 0.00 0.87 60.00 0.0452 9.0046 -0.0452 9.00 0.28 0.0000 -0.0000 0.21 -873.9428 8.11 -3314.96 19.0025 -0.0025 -0.3996 -1.0003 0.2943 7.87 991.0008 0.0039 -0.0059 0.0028 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 .0000 0.0124 0.2817 -9.Part I .03 1260.00 0.0001 -0.0001 0.02 -2345.0000 0.00 0.0039 0.9657 -0.3688 -1.70 0.0025 -0.00 0.7947 1.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.66 3562.39 -1412.0000 0.0000 -0.50 3293.4118 1.50 3293.0262 -0.0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.00 0.0008 0.74 -18.3854 -0.0069 -0.00 0.02 -2381.70 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0216 -1.35 1447.00 0.0001 0.0006 0.0000 0.0083 -0.00 0.0000 0.3246 9.0632 -0.74 0.0114 0.0000 0.0632 -0.0033 -0.2573 -7.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.2812 -9.62 -60.00 0.21 873.00 0.00 18.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0002 -0.0000 -0.02 -2381.00 0.00 0.96 -19.0001 0.0426 9.0008 0.0000 0.00 0.0123 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9657 -0.0000 -0.4625 1.50 -3296.0002 0.0016 -0.0015 -0.0399 9.00 0.9556 -0.0000 0.1022 -0.0030 -0.0083 -0.0082 -0.00 0.74 -18.9556 -0.2764 -9.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.00 -18.00 0.0059 0.2812 -9.64 1257.28 991.0004 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.0038 0.2764 -9.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0733 -1.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0009 0.00 0.0426 9.0000 0.9033 -0.00 0.3266 9.2817 -9.50 -3296.0089 0.87 7848.74 18.6284 -0.0000 0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.00 0.0000 -0.3720 -0.0003 0.0000 0.00 0.0001 -0.00 0.66 3562.00 0.00 0.96 19.0021 -0.0008 0.0008 -0.87 7848.

23 -0.00 117.30 210.01 5848.KGS METE MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 991.15 -3278.14 -3070.03 -118.39 1412.32 7096.63 3296.00 0.21 -60.32 -6869.58 -323.26 8867.74 0.21 873.00 -3.01 0.19 38.34 1.00 8333.01 -0.19 -4569.23 0.36 -0.88 -2836.00 0.16 123.00 0.21 -124.06 -118.16 3212.11 -2381.00 0.06 118.90 -2.00 -0.74 -319.62 3278.59 4627.02 -873.00 0.00 0.87 111.24 -0.51 -655.19 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 629.52 -111.07 -38.00 0.77 2793.21 60.22 -124.00 -3055.01 -0.31 4573.04 -6517.74 18.06 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 5 1 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 311 .02 2244.62 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 991.96 -0.74 0.00 0.16 304.59 -323.87 111.75 12006.03 118.53 3177.64 1257.23 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.18 -112.87 -3293.00 118.00 0.21 60.02 -873.00 0.02 2279.97 179.41 -5848.00 -18.24 -8.30 -88.71 3049.53 7302.70 19.93 5.93 1345.00 68.58 0.11 6517.00 0.00 0.31 -7402.46 -722.21 -873.01 17157.00 0.21 -17341.60 -6811.34 -0.63 895.03 -8333.47 254.64 3296.50 -3562.74 -18.19 -17194.58 -323.15 -1412.50 9034.69 -79.21 -60.69 -79.04 -2889.90 -311.72 -7315.00 0.16 -2279.03 -7511.35 -3314.60 0.01 0.50 3293.00 0.00 0.88 112.58 0.00 0.90 -1.77 -2793.02 873.18 0.00 0.06 0.55 -7490.97 0.70 0.88 -183.35 -1447.00 0.50 -3296.07 6869.24 0.03 -0.11 3314.97 -12469.00 0.21 17382.59 -4627.06 -118.21 -124.00 0.88 112.22 -124.87 0.02 2381.99 -7312.32 -122.10 3562.58 -4942.05 -1311.00 -5067.35 0.15 -112.00 65.00 65.70 19.00 0.37 7596.02 873.28 -2794.00 -12280.53 0.03 -118.87 -5.52 0.45 7488.53 5067.74 18.28 183.47 -38.00 -3.06 -6642.00 -88.21 -873.40 -1345.37 -920.40 -3212.57 5.29 1311.00 210.59 -456.00 -210.55 0.59 0.88 12436.24 -0.24 -6061.40 -117.39 -2345.96 -0.96 -19.28 -923.21 0.37 -179.55 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 629.39 0.02 2345.73 3562.50 -9034.00 -0.50 -11886.74 -18.96 7850.06 -6933.00 0.38 0.74 319.98 898.10 11886.19 -24.65 -7514.24 -88.89 -1.24 -60.61 6974.13 3055.22 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 202.00 0.00 0.15 0.87 7848.53 5.34 0.86 0.74 18.66 121.88 2836.31 248.66 -655.24 -210.01 0.39 -117.29 -2244.94 2708.23 0.88 -5.24 -0.16 123.73 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 188.88 0.00 123.75 -3293.95 0.50 3293.11 7.75 7485.60 5.40 117.25 3562.00 117.33 0.05 -3177.74 -456.21 873.62 0.85 -2539.03 -8208.74 0.00 0.00 0.34 -0.00 4942.70 0.31 -122.58 3562.37 0.74 18.66 121.53 0.63 1260.50 0.00 -18.59 0.00 118.50 -3562.00 -88.88 -5.01 -0.59 0.11 -6060.00 65.00 0.68 -11.00 0.00 0.36 0.36 0.35 -12006.00 11600.23 -8.00 8208.13 -3055.92 -311.00 3055.00 0.71 -60.00 0.26 -8867.00 0.50 -3296.48 60.00 0.00 0.74 0.59 0.50 -3562.04 -254.87 1447.00 0.59 -323.01 0.00 123.37 -11600.00 65.00 -11475.42 11475.64 6061.00 68.00 0.00 0.49 -725.57 6805.39 117.96 -19.24 0.88 60.61 6223.86 12248.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.53 -111.68 -11.35 0.20 -178.36 1.87 -5.33 -0.50 0.39 -117.50 -3562.16 -302.40 -0.40 -117.23 0.

29 1311.00 -123.58 -4942.53 5067.00 0.70 0.70 0.50 -3562.59 0.15 112.07 -38.74 -456.40 -3212.52 111.01 0.03 -118.21 60.00 0.00 0.19 -24.01 -0.00 0.69 79.22 124.00 0.23 0.25 3562.52 0.15 -3278.00 0.58 0.00 -123.74 -18.18 112.00 -65.00 -0.06 118.KGS METE MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 991.64 6061.97 -12469.01 5848.15 -1412.53 3177.40 117.85 -2539.00 0.58 323.86 0.89 1.39 1412.00 88.77 2793.60 -5.64 3296.15 0.53 -5.47 -38.74 -18.11 -6060.50 -3562.24 -60.36 -0.88 -2836.50 0.35 -12006.00 0.00 -65.88 -112.00 0.00 0.50 -3562.88 12436.11 -2381.63 895.00 8208.03 0.50 3293.20 -178.06 -6933.00 0.57 -5.96 0.02 2345.00 0.01 17157.00 0.23 0.68 11.86 12248.35 -1447.99 -7312.01 -0.21 -873.01 -0.00 0.90 1.40 -117.58 3562.02 2279.31 4573.30 210.29 -2244.00 -11475.74 0.00 88.74 -18.00 0.24 -210.26 -8867.16 3212.70 -19.88 60.01 0.00 0.16 -123.88 2836.98 898.32 -6869.69 79.00 -5067.87 5.00 0.00 -3055.35 -3314.21 17382.16 -123.Application Examples 312 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.93 -5.01 0.37 -179.33 0.05 -1311.00 -0.00 4942.74 18.42 11475.16 -2279.34 0.55 0.00 0.50 3293.28 -2794.96 7850.31 122.05 -3177.49 -725.53 0.00 0.21 -60.53 111.87 -111.39 -117.61 6223.93 1345.62 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 991.24 -6061.00 0.23 -0.00 -118.58 323.96 19.64 1257.00 -12280.40 117.75 7485.13 3055.30 88.93 2708.70 -19.00 -68.00 0.59 4627.00 -118.21 60.62 -0.40 -1345.00 11600.00 -117.59 323.24 -0.00 0.55 -7490.35 0.28 -923.06 -118.02 2244.04 -6517.34 -0.88 5.59 0.00 0.87 -3293.31 248.16 -302.88 0.74 319.41 -5848.02 873.01 -0.36 -1.11 3314.19 38.00 0.61 6974.10 11886.68 11.16 304.34 0.97 0.06 118.77 -2793.50 -3562.51 -655.74 -18.40 0.24 0.73 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 188.14 -3070.74 0.06 -0.00 0.02 -873.66 -121.18 0.21 -60.75 12006.00 0.00 0.21 873.59 -4627.00 18.37 7596.00 -65.03 118.00 18.23 8.53 7302.00 3055.38 0.50 0.39 117.60 -6811.87 5.32 7096.39 -2345.59 323.00 3.00 3.00 0.06 -6642.87 7848.22 124.11 7.50 -11886.23 -0.60 0.37 -11600.31 -7402.59 0.87 -111.63 1260.24 0.71 -60.57 6805.75 -3293.36 -0.21 873.19 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 629.66 -655.35 -0.96 19.39 117.03 118.19 -17194.63 3296.50 -3296.00 0.26 8867.23 -0.21 0.48 60.37 0.28 183.11 6517.58 0.74 0.74 18.00 0.62 3278.36 0.24 88.00 0.21 124.88 5.03 -8208.88 -112.24 0.33 0.47 254.02 2381.53 0.00 0.21 -17341.59 0.32 122.73 3562.00 -117.24 8.00 -210.03 -7511.87 1447.34 -1.24 0.00 -68.74 0.95 0.65 -7514.55 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 629.02 -873.00 0.00 0.71 3049.72 -7315.06 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 11 1 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 .00 0.46 -722.03 -8333.50 -3296.92 311.87 -0.00 8333.04 -2889.Part I .90 -2.00 0.13 -3055.00 0.88 -183.22 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 202.50 9034.00 0.37 -920.50 -9034.00 0.39 -0.00 -65.74 -319.01 0.45 7488.90 311.66 -121.00 210.07 6869.97 179.04 -254.21 -873.02 873.96 0.21 124.19 -4569.00 0.10 3562.59 -456.

23 66.50 0.11 2970.67 0.57 -523.00 0.09 0.53 -7.78 -267.52 19 -12564.00 2137.00 0.33 12 6388.07 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 126.68 0.50 -675.74 394.00 -0.03 1.03 -0.02 -873.33 -7393.48 0.00 -3417.33 -7393.09 -0.21 873.01 0.62 -10804.09 -0.12 6869.64 -1.33 20 -9407.07 4 9407.64 0.00 -0.00 0.07 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 60.09 0.76 -0.00 -3417.53 -0.78 -6.00 -0.97 178.01 -0.76 -1.18 -52.00 0.21 873.12 6869.23 -307.42 -394.00 -0.23 0.02 -873.00 0.30 209.21 -60.30 1.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.26 0.92 2341.64 -0.66 -1078.00 0.00 1.23 -0.89 -4112.09 -0.09 0.29 1.08 0.00 -1178.68 0.07 20 2836.87 -248.27 -0.02 -723.00 0.09 -9886.01 8335.19 4 -2836.50 2212.00 0.72 -19.01 -0.01 0.09 -0.73 5685.63 69.68 0.02 0.28 8249.00 0.91 7747.00 0.60 11224.33 -9962.61 -1.09 -0.59 17 12426.66 3417.72 -19.20 2085.03 -1.45 1598.93 -209.62 1311.01 0.21 873.62 -10804.64 1.27 0.00 -1.97 9494.23 0.64 0.31 -55.69 -1168.00 0.01 -0.92 2341.02 6344.44 2723.03 0.08 12 -12426.03 0.27 0.01 0.00 0.64 -0.69 267.00 0.02 -873.03 1.30 13.01 -0.47 19 -2793.03 -0.09 0.44 2723.00 0.00 19 -179.90 -450.01 0.18 1194.71 -3882.64 0.01 -0.00 0.01 0.01 -0.77 -5488.16 5756.68 -0.00 0.00 0.33 -9962.54 313 .51 0.00 0.00 0.36 2.53 0.31 9569.73 0.76 -1.30 209.28 8249.59 -0.02 665.02 6344.67 0.29 -1.82 2889.09 0.42 60.27 -0.01 0.68 -0.77 -5488.19 971.71 -0.71 0.01 -0.01 -0.27 2794.64 -0.02 -0.76 0.33 4 6388.76 1.23 -0.30 -1.07 17 2836.02 -6869.01 -1.01 0.00 0.79 -3049.09 0.08 17 -6388.02 0.63 69.16 0.01 -0.09 0.31 9569.64 -1.01 0.44 -6812.66 -1078.63 -2873.02 -6869.67 0.27 -138.21 -60.02 8 -6619.42 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.50 -675.03 8 12564.73 1.00 0.09 -8701.00 -0.16 5756.76 1.50 0.19 17 183.74 394.42 8857.59 20 12426.00 0.21 10508.37 -8481.02 -0.01 -0.00 0.09 -8701.27 0.68 0.46 1170.00 0.27 0.93 2539.00 0.59 -0.16 0.91 -6517.27 0.93 2539.47 8 179.23 66.29 2873.01 0.67 -0.66 3417.01 8335.61 0.00 1.00 0.60 -10916.71 3426.01 0.00 0.02 -0.76 1.00 0.09 -0.30 1.01 -0.73 0.27 2794.68 0.54 126.28 41.23 -0.52 8 9591.09 -0.07 12 9407.20 2085.93 -209.27 -0.08 4 -12426.00 -0.50 2212.31 0.51 0.09 0.87 -248.19 20 183.09 0.30 -1.00 -0.68 -0.15 3070.28 -1.00 -0.00 -1178.38 6223.00 0.73 -1.06 12 -183.00 0.64 0.20 -2341.KGS METE MEMBER 13 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 17 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 4 -183.69 -1598.29 2873.50 -3426.45 -665.31 -55.64 0.03 -0.23 -0.00 0.23 0.89 -4112.54 -1656.62 1311.03 0.02 -723.02 -0.02 0.19 12 -2836.00 -0.00 0.25 -2085.21 -60.54 -1656.53 138.03 19 6619.93 1656.02 0.02 120.76 -1.00 -1.04 19 -9591.18 -5288.30 723.53 138.53 -7.01 0.73 6517.50 -2708.60 11224.01 0.08 0.57 -523.08 20 -6388.30 723.02 59.00 0.18 1194.79 -3049.04 8 2793.93 1656.33 -977.33 17 -9407.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.06 -0.51 0.91 -6517.36 0.76 136.00 0.66 11.00 0.48 -0.01 588.00 0.00 0.44 -6812.00 0.92 4.00 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.00 -323.45 1598.01 0.80 136.63 -22.27 -10.00 0.97 178.63 22.00 0.64 0.21 -60.27 -12.00 0.00 0.00 118.23 0.23 -0.76 136.06 -0.52 22 -12564.00 0.24 -0.71 -3882.KGS METE MEMBER 19 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.78 -267.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 8857.50 0.88 -5.00 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.36 2.00 0.25 323.63 -22.00 -1.47 22 -2793.73 5685.00 0.23 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.02 16 -6619.00 0.00 0.08 -25.01 -0.00 118.03 0.51 25.00 2137.28 41.92 4.59 -311.00 0.01 1.66 -311.09 -0.02 -873.08 -118.04 118.00 -0.52 16 9591.30 13.27 -0.47 16 179.08 -0.06 0.00 0.64 0.00 1.27 10.85 0.36 0.80 -25.25 -323.51 25.00 -0.88 112.00 0.00 0.00 588.00 0.00 0.01 0.60 -10916.06 11.89 0.23 0.00 0.21 873.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 23 1 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.06 -0.00 0.92 -131.76 25.03 16 12564.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 3426.50 -3426.00 0.01 0.38 6223.00 -136.23 12.64 1.06 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.25 .61 1.51 0.06 -0.00 0.51 25.00 0.51 25.03 -0.04 -118.83 2889.00 0.59 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 -138.27 0.51 -25.64 -0.24 -0.02 59.51 -25.00 0.51 -562.00 -22.00 0.51 -25.03 22 6619.59 0.00 0.11 2970.00 0.00 0.00 22.64 -1.08 -118.00 0.15 3070.28 1.88 -5.01 -588.01 588.51 -25.27 12.00 0.89 131.01 0.04 25.00 0.25 -2085.00 0.63 -2873.64 1.00 0.20 -112.20 -2341.00 0.01 -588.00 0.51 562.50 562.02 665.26 0.78 -6.00 0.06 -0.00 0.51 -0.08 118.00 0.00 -25.24 -0.00 0.01 0.01 588.51 0.00 0.91 7747.00 0.73 6517.23 -0.61 0.00 -588.63 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.23 -307.16 0.00 0.00 0.21 10508.00 0.01 0.24 0.88 112.45 -665.19 971.64 0.06 -11.08 0.51 0.69 -1598.64 0.01 -588.06 0.01 -0.63 22.09 -0.00 0.97 9494.02 120.80 136.00 0.25 323.37 -8481.63 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.00 0.31 0.69 -1168.18 -52.76 -136.04 22 -9591.01 0.25 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.00 0.Part I .64 -0.51 -0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 131.04 16 2793.00 0.92 -131.Application Examples 314 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.64 -0.00 0.66 -11.63 22.63 -22.66 311.00 0.46 1170.18 -5288.00 0.06 -0.24 -12.33 -977.23 0.42 -394.36 10.59 311.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 323.36 -10.00 0.00 0.06 0.09 0.23 -0.00 0.01 -0.80 -136.16 -112.51 -25.00 0.00 0.25 -323.00 0.50 -2708.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.51 25.50 0.00 0.25 -323.64 0.00 0.50 -562.00 0.00 0.90 -450.24 0.69 267.00 0.04 -118.00 0.00 0.01 0.09 -9886.03 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 323.00 0.00 -0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 22 -179.00 0.00 -136.00 0.23 0.

66 0.00 0.00 -0.52 17 14986.66 -0.43 0.10 -0.68 19 -4937.52 11 -9509.84 57.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 -14.65 31.82 7 -9612.78 15 4937.51 1150.40 -3.22 -10.52 20.54 -20.00 0.66 -0.00 0.93 2.00 0.01 0.57 180.46 -32.84 57.51 1125.00 0.00 0.40 -3.68 22 -4937.01 0.72 -16. 91.52 365.51 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 25.10 0.52 20.03 0.47 0.KGS METE MEMBER 25 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 29 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 3 361.52 166.58 -0.00 -0.78 7 4937.51 1150.84 2.00 0.05 -0.01 0.58 15.22 19 -298.01 -10.37 7 20184.02 -128.68 7 14898.11 0.51 11 361.82 100.10 0.51 1150.00 0.37 22 -14898.92 -391.23 171.00 0.47 -171.47 16.03 -0.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 -0.01 -0.22 -10.00 -0.00 0.52 20 14986.83 11 20463.63 -0.00 0.80 41.63 0.83 15 -9612.00 0.06 -0.62 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.54 -166.10 0.51 25.10 -0.00 0.62 -0.47 214.50 36.27 22 -20134.66 0.01 -10.38 -162.52 -116.54 -20.97 375.00 0.00 0.42 14.53 0.00 0.00 0.38 20 9558.00 1125.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 20 -20414.13 15 348.00 0.00 0.68 15 14898.80 41.02 -0.01 -0.00 0.52 3 -9509.09 106.37 15 20184.00 -0.91 29.00 0.66 0.63 0.11 -0.97 375.11 0.54 0.00 0.02 -0.00 3.86 -2.92 -391.10 -0.05 -0.66 0.46 -32.21 27. 90.00 0.10 0. 92.94 -420.11 0.72 -16.66 0.79 392.11 -0.00 0.83 -5.00 -0.00 0.00 0.47 -0.00 0.93 24.91 29.00 0.27 19 -20134.23 171.01 -0.38 -162.00 0.11 0.11 0.93 -2.83 3 20463.05 0.02 0.49 216.66 0.63 0.53 0.00 -0.00 -0.65 31.03 0.10 0.86 2.73 11 5115.00 0.22 22 -298.66 53.40 3.10 -0.00 1150.00 0.93 24.62 0.75 25.96 11 -14986.63 -0.91 -2.11 -0.66 53.63 0.00 -0.00 0.47 214.00 0.83 -5.03 0.42 14.11 0.02 0.79 392.50 36.11 0.46 19 9661.00 0.11 -0.66 -0.57 180.37 19 -14898.43 0.81 -161.92 -0.93 2.96 20 -5115.00 0.18 20 -311. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL 315 .00 0.00 0.84 -2.13 7 348.10 0.00 0.10 0.03 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.94 -420.00 0.10 -0.58 0.00 0.47 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.01 -0.47 22 9661.58 15.96 17 -5115.21 27.06 3.00 0.34 -3.91 2.96 3 -14986.14 -408.52 166.66 -0.52 -116.86 -2.66 17 -20414.81 -161.47 -171.18 17 -311.03 0.49 216.92 0.97 -14.34 0.93 -2.38 17 9558.00 0.75 25.63 -0.02 -128.11 -0.00 0.97 171.62 0.54 -0.00 0.01 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.73 3 5115.54 -166.00 0.63 0.97 171.66 0.66 0.14 -408.52 365.09 106.82 100.86 2.

05 SECTIONS) 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.465 168.34 T PASS 1.3B 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.05 SECTIONS) 0.9.00 11 0.9.80 11 0.465 168.860 105.9.86 T 18 ST W250X39 PASS 16.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.72 C PASS 59.25 C 19 ST W250X39 PASS 15.9.8.8.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.17 12 3.21 T PASS 1.06 SECTIONS) 0.06 SECTIONS) 0.95 SECTIONS) 0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.26 SECTIONS) 0.74 C PASS 65.05 SECTIONS) 0.9.470 -170.860 105.69 C PASS 71.21 T PASS 121.07 SECTIONS) 0.462 168.009 -0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.Application Examples 316 Example Problem 29 STAAD.00 12 1.A -1.66 C 11 ST W310X97 PASS 71.14 T 10 ST W310X97 PASS 73.00 12 3.8.A -0.3B 0.69 C 2 ST W310X97 PASS 71.A 1.14 T 4 ST W310X97 PASS 73.00 11 3.3B 1.320 112.95 SECTIONS) 0.A 0.324 -113.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W310X97 PASS 73.25 C PASS 15.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B -1.8.9.86 T PASS 16.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.50 12 1.8.53 SECTIONS) 0.470 -170.3B -1.80 12 0.50 11 1.2+ 0.66 C 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 7 ST W310X97 8 ST W310X97 9 ST W310X97 PASS 71.53 SECTIONS) 0.16 C (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.46 SECTIONS) 0.850 107.26 SECTIONS) 0.3B 1.05 SECTIONS) 0.2+ 0.80 12 0.320 112.840 103.9.00 SECTIONS) 0.76 SECTIONS) 0.76 SECTIONS) 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .80 12 0.850 110.22 SECTIONS) 0.8.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.465 -170.72 C 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 0.43 T PASS 73.3B -0.8.46 SECTIONS) 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.324 -113.00 11 0.A -1.3B -0.2+ 0.07 SECTIONS) 0.00 .50 12 1.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 3.68 C 20 ST W250X39 21 ST C200X17 22 ST C200X17 PASS 123.43 T 13 ST W250X39 14 ST W250X39 15 ST W250X39 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 PASS 121.8.A 1.462 168.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 3.62 SECTIONS) 0.Part I .850 107.A 0.A -0.00 11 0.8.50 11 1.3C 0.465 -170.2+ 0.74 C 3 ST W310X97 PASS 65.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.840 103.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 12 1.00 11 3.143 -3.8.68 C PASS 123.850 110.80 11 0.A 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.62 SECTIONS) 0.80 12 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.9.9.

538 4.20 C 28 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.co.3C 0.8.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.22 SECTIONS) 0.538 4.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.55 12 2.50 *********** END OF THE STAAD.492 -11.8.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 23 ST C200X17 PASS 1.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.19 11 0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.46 C 27 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.12 SECTIONS) 0.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.12 SECTIONS) 0.9.3C 0.A 0.46 C 29 ST C200X17 PASS 0.3B -0.3B 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.143 3.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.reiusa.8.00 SECTIONS) 0.00 12 2.3B 0.00 SECTIONS) 0.17 SECTIONS) 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 SECTIONS) 0.20 C 26 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.48 11 2.8.009 0.48 11 2.34 T 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.com * * Europe support@reel.net * ************************************************************ 317 .Pro.00 C 93.co.55 11 1.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 11 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.539 4.16 C 25 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200. FINISH (CANADIAN CSA-13.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.3B -0.539 4.8.

Part I .Application Examples 318 Example Problem 29 NOTES .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8..77 None . “Strength of Materials. Van Nostrand Co.77 8. problem 3. Inc. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system. 3rd edition.” Part 1. 1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss.1 Verification Problem No.. S. D. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.. 1956. COMPARISON: Support Reaction. page 346.

. * THEREFORE IF P=10. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 50. 2 FY -10. 6. FINISH . . 11.0/ 3123. 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 5. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. 3. 2 150. 2. 12.877P. 0. EXMEM = 568.0 . 3 2 3 . 2 5 PRIS AX 3.00 0. 20. 100.77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 10.00 0.9 MB. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 18. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0. 15.Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 9. 5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5.00 0.77 5. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 8.00 0. 4 2 4 . 2 1 3 . .00 5. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. DISK SPACE = 12. 16. 7.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 14.00 0.77 -8.00 0. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 .00 0. 17. 4 300. 13. 4. 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8. Intl.00 0. 3 150. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 . REACTION = 8.6 MB 21. 19. 3.

0 ft.533 0. W. D. COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e 3 Period. S. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure.3 Verification Problem No.0 lb/in.0 ft B = 3. “Vibration Problems in Engineering.. 1974. sec 0. 2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass..533 None .1-3. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W. Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000. 4th edition.” John Wiley & Sons. and Weaver. problem 1. Young. K = 300. page 11.0 ksi A = 7..

6. EXMEM = 568. 3. 2 7. 0. (4TH EDITION. 4.000 100. 3 10. Intl.000E+00 . 20. 0. FINISH X Y 0.533 SEC. 5. MEMB PROP .0/ 3123. 17. MEMB INCI . 18.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 7. 13. 15. DISK SPACE = 12. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO. F = 1. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 9.6 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = *** 1 1 1 EIGENSOLUTION : SUBSPACE METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 1 PERIOD(SEC) 1.00100. 0. 11.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 1 0. 10. 14. 12.. 8.YOUNG.00 0. PROB 1. 16.53317 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22.876 0. .000 0.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0. 2. 1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300. VIZ.000 ACCURACY 0. 2 FY -1000. PAGE 11.9 MB. 1 2 PRIS AX 1. ..Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 19. MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 5 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. IZ 1. 21.WEAVER.

GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm. REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam. PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated.mm . Uniform pressure= 5N/sq.5 Verification Problem No. 3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element.

5KN.51 mm 18.50 kNm 22. 18.50 kNm .5x10 N.20 mm Max Moment 22.m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max.Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max.51mm Max. moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22. Defl. deflection = WL /8EI. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq.mm = 22.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18.

12.47 11.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. Intl. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.54 0. 13. 18.0000 1. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0.6 MB 21. 5.91 -1.MM. 6. 17.00 0.0813 Z-ROTAN 0. FINISH .0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.47 0. 11. 10. 15. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5.54 5.6 MB. 20.19 -18.0 CONSTANT E 210.8159 X-ROTAN 0.91 -112.00 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ. 8.1/ 3123.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 4. 7. 2.56 5.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.00 0. 19. 16.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 -18. 14. EXMEM = 568.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 126 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. UNIT KN METER 23. 9. 3.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

. Inc.5 1..5 None . Van Nostrand Co. 3rd edition.. “Strength of Materials. 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support. problem 2. 1956.” Part 1. S. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure. D. COMPARISON: Reaction. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1.9 Verification Problem No. page 346.

14. 12. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 4. 20. MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . . 10. 8.50 -1. 20.00 0. 4 FY -1. 7. . EXMEM = 568. 2 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1.6 MB 21. IZ 100. 5.00 0. 16. 17. 15. FINI . 0.50 1. 4 10. CONSTANT E 3000. 13. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. 3. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1.00 0. 6. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 19. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 10. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.0/ 3123.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. Intl.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 3 0. 20. 2. 2.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 18. 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 9.00 0.9 MB. .00 -5. 11.00 0.00 0.

* STAAD 3575. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).5 in Diameter = 10 in.1. Van Nostrand Co. P = 26000 lb.“Strength of Materials.. psi. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle..01040 0.5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 1956.” Part. Difference None * The value is recalculated. in Solution σ Theory 3575. problems 1. page 97. 3rd edition. 2. D. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle. S..01037 None . and Deflection (δ).11 Verification Problem No. δ 0. Y P P X 13.

3 441.3 0. **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00000 0. 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.01138 0.4 0. 4. 12.0 441.00070 0. .3 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.3 3575.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0. 15.0 0.0 0.0 0.00000 0.00000 0. 1 5 FY -26000. 3.00000 0. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX. EXMEM = 568.00000 0.00086 . TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO. 0. .0 3575. STRESS * AND 0.Part II – Verification Problems 12 1.0 2 1 .00070 -0.00000 0.00000 0.0 1.00000 -0. 6.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00086 0.00000 0.00000 -0.0 1. 16.0 3575. 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 1 1 0.00 0.0 BEND-Z 0.5 0.0 0.0 3575.01037 0. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00000 0. 5.0 0. MEMB INCI . 1 AND 2.0 0.3 3575. 4 72.00000 0. 13.0 0.9 MB.3 3575.0 0.00000 0.3 3575.0 1.3 0.0 0.00000 0.0 0.5 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0. 3 43.3 3575.4 441.3 0.3 3575.0 0. 11.00 0. 10.00000 0. 2. 9.00000 0.0 3575.0 1. 7.3 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. .00000 0. 5 86. 0.4 441.00000 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 18. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0. ID 0.0 0. DEFLECTION. 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP . 2 13.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21.0/ 3123.0 0.0 0.0 3575.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 20.00000 -0. 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10.0 3575.7 MB 19.0 0.0 0.104 INCH FOR MAX.0 4 1 .0 0. 14. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 . Intl. . 17. 8. DISK SPACE = 12.0 3 1 .01138 0. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .

. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44. E and I same for all members.40 44. 1975.” Intext Educational Publishers. J.44 Small . 6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. 3rd edition. page 383. example 22 .13 Verification Problem No. C.5. “Structural Analysis. REFERENCE: McCormack. COMPARISON: Moment.

00 0. 3 20. MEMB LOAD . 6. 1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 .4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. IZ 0.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER .00 0. .00 44.00 3. 4 20.00 0.00 0.8 MB.00 0.33 0. .00 0. 3. 15. 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C.33 -3.00 0.21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19. MEMB INCI . 7. 20. 20.00 -22.00 0.00 -3.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. MCCORMACK. 16.44 3 1 3 4 20. 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP .33 20. EXMEM = 568. 17.00 0.00 0.0/ 3123.44 2 1 2 3 3.44 22. 12.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 20. 10.00 0.00 0.44 -44.00 -20.33 0.33 3.21 -44. 0. 2.00 0. 2 UNI Y -2.7 MB 18. 5. 8. 9. 14. 2 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 -20. Intl.00 0. 11.00 44.MAX BENDING = 44.33 -3. . 13. FINISH . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. DISK SPACE = 12. 4.00 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.

” Intext Educational Publishers.. AX 12-13 = 4 in2. GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2.63 None . in. AX 5-6 = 2 in2.15 Verification Problem No. page 271.2. AX 7-8 =1. 1975. AX 9-11 = 3 in2. J. 7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss. “Structural Analysis. REFERENCE: McCormack. 3rd edition. C. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection. example 18 . Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2.5 in2.63 2. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure.

00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0. 9 3 7 10 1 6 . ANSWER .00000 0. 17. 12. 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15. 5 1 2 6 2 3 .00000 0. 2. 16. 7 30.00000 0.12000 -0.00820 0.0/ 3123.7 MB 30.00000 0.00000 -0.48000 -0. 11 5 8 . 7. 19.18000 0. 13.00000 0. 15.00000 0. 26.00000 0. 7.5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3.83516 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00000 0. 18. 14.00000 0. 15.5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 .00000 0. 28. 20.24000 -0.12000 -0. 27.00000 0.29758 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.72000 -0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. 5. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK.00000 0. . Intl.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2. 8 45. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00000 0.24000 -0.63033 0. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 9.00000 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 7 8 PRI AX 1. 2 3 4 .Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00000 0. 7. 6. 22. 23.8 MB. 11.00000 0.00000 0. 7 3 6 .00000 0.00000 0. 4. 24. EXMEM = 568. 12 13 PRI AX 4.0 5 6 PRIS AX 2. 21. 25. CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 4 4 5 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.06578 0. 10. 3.00000 0. 29. 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20.00000 .89516 -2.5 .0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 11 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 8. 8 3 8 . 3 4 8 . PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.

REFERENCE: McCormack.. “Structural Analysis. 8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame.44 Small . Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69. 1975. problem 22 . J. 3rd edition. C.40 69. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment. page 385.6.” Intext Educational Publishers.17 Verification Problem No. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure.

2. * ANSWER .00 0. 18. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .66 45. 3 30 30 . 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6.00 0.00 0. 14. 11.44 2 1 2 3 3. .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 17.74 20.00 0.00 0. 9.74 0.09 -3.44 -66.0/ 3123. 4.00 -5. 10.00 69.00 0. 2 0 30 .74 0.74 -3.66 3 1 3 4 9. FINISH . 12. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK.00 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.91 3.00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 6.34 -69.00 0.00 66. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30. 7.09 9. 15. 3.91 -9.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. EXMEM = 568.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69. 13. 16. 20. DISK SPACE = 12.7 MB 22.74 -3. 10.00 0. 5.8 MB.00 0.00 0. Intl. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.09 -20. 21.91 0.4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 19.00 0.00 0. 10.74 3. 8.

19

Verification Problem No. 9
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads
in a 1x2 bay plane frame.

REFERENCE: McCormack, J. C., “Structural Analysis,” Intext
Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 388,
example 22 - 7.
PROBLEM:

GIVEN:

Determine the maximum moment in the frame.

E and I same for all members.

COMPARISON:
Moment, Kip-ft
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

MMax
176.40
178.01
0.91%

Part II – Verification Problems

20

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STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9
*
* MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.
* REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK,
* PAGE 388, PROB 22-7. ANSWER - MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.4 K-F
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 ; 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4 ; 5 3 4 ; 6 5 6
MEMB PROP
1 TO 6 PRI AX .2 IZ .1
CONSTANT
E 4176E3
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 2 FIXED
LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
3 FX 20 ; 5 FX 10
PERFORM ANALYS

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
6/
6/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
3/
3/
9 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB
22. PRINT FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
3

-22.26
22.26

15.06
-15.06

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

178.01
123.16

2

1

2
4

22.26
-22.26

14.94
-14.94

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

176.73
122.10

3

1

3
5

-6.51
6.51

4.97
-4.97

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

34.49
64.93

4

1

4
6

6.51
-6.51

5.03
-5.03

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

35.34
65.24

5

1

3
4

9.91
-9.91

-15.75
15.75

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-157.65
-157.44

6

1

5
6

5.03
-5.03

-6.51
6.51

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-64.93
-65.24

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
23. FINISH

21

Verification Problem No. 10
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum axial force and moment due to
load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame.

REFERENCE: Weaver Jr., W., “Computer Programs for Structural
Analysis,” page 146, problem 8.
PROBLEM:

Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the
space structure.

GIVEN:

E = 30E3 ksi,
AX = 11 in2
IX = 83 in4
IY = 56 in4
IZ = 56 in4

COMPARISON:

Solution
Reference
STAAD
Difference

FMax (kips)
1.47
1.47
None

MY,Max (kip-in)
84.04
84.04
None

MZ,Max (kip-in)
95.319
96.120
Small

Part II – Verification Problems

22

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STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10
*
* REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
* BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO. 8.
* ANSWER - MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.47 (MEMB 3)
* MAX BEND-Y= 84.04, BEND-Z= 95.319 (BOTH MEMB 3)
*
UNIT INCH KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 120 0 ; 2 240 120 0
3 0 0 0 ; 4 360 0 120
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 ; 2 3 1 ; 3 2 4
MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. IX 83. IY 56. IZ 56
CONSTANT ; E 30000. ALL
POISS .25 ALL
SUPPORT
3 4 FIXED
LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD
JOINT LOAD
1 FX 2. ; 2 FY -1. ; 2 MZ -120.
PERFORM ANAL

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
4/
3/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
2/
2/
12 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB

24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
1
2
3
4

1
1
1
1

0.22267
0.22202
0.00000
0.00000

0.00016
-0.48119
0.00000
0.00000

-0.17182
-0.70161
0.00000
0.00000

-0.00255
-0.00802
0.00000
0.00000

0.00217
0.00101
0.00000
0.00000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
3
4

1
1

-1.10
-0.90

-0.43
1.43

0.22
-0.22

48.78
123.08

-17.97
47.25

Z-ROTAN
-0.00213
-0.00435
0.00000
0.00000

MOM Z
96.12
-11.72

23

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP INCH
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

0.90
-0.90

-0.43
0.43

0.22
-0.22

22.71
-22.71

-17.97
-34.18

-36.37
-67.36

2

1

3
1

-0.43
0.43

1.10
-1.10

0.22
-0.22

-17.97
17.97

-48.78
22.71

96.12
36.37

3

1

2
4

1.47
-1.47

-0.71
0.71

-0.48
0.48

-37.02
37.02

15.69
84.04

-53.28
-95.32

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

25. FINISH

Part II – Verification Problems

24

NOTES

25

Verification Problem No. 11
OBJECTIVE:

A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one
steel wire. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in
temperature.

REFERENCE: Timoshenko, S., “Strength of Materials,” Part 1, D. Van
Nostrand Co., 3rd edition, 1956, page 30, problem 9.
PROBLEM:

Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid,
determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the
temperature rise is 10º F.

GIVEN:

Esteel = 30E6 psi, Ecopper = 16E6 psi
αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F, αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F
AX = 0.1 in2

MODELLING HINT:

Assume a large moment of inertia for the
horizontal rigid member and distribute of the
concentrated load as uniform.

COMPARISON:
Stress (σ), psi
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

σSteel
19695
19698
Small

σCopper
10152
10151
Small

16. E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. 1 2 3 SUPPORT . 6 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. . 24. 22. 12. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1). 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0.Part II – Verification Problems 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS . 20. 4 0. 5 5. Intl. 20. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.0/ 3123.VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 10 **NOTE** STAAD DETECTS INSTABILITIES AS EXCESSIVE LOSS OF SIGNIFICANT DIGITS DURING DECOMPOSITION. 11. 4. 0. 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD .4 5 UNI Y -400. 20. PROB 9.6 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN. WHEN A DECOMPOSED DIAGONAL IS LESS THAN THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR TIMES THE ORIGINAL STIFFNESS MATRIX DIAGONAL.NO. 0.8 MB.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 6 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 6.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE . DISK SPACE = 12. 2 5. 1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 14. 18. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19695 PSI AND 10152 PSI. 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN.1 . PAGE 30. 21. . MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. 2. CONSTANT . 19. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. . IZ 100. 7. 15. 1 2 3 TEMP 10.NO.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 3.000E-09 THE ABOVE CONDITIONS COULD ALSO BE CAUSED BY VERY STIFF OR VERY WEAK ELEMENTS AS WELL AS TRUE SINGULARITIES. TEMP LOAD . 13. . 4 5 PRI AX 1. 3 ***WARNING . . STAAD PRINTS A SINGULARITY NOTICE. 8. 23. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. 0. 6. EXMEM = 568.0000004E+03 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. 17. 5.NO. THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR IS 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 10 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 10.15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 . 3 10. 20. 9.

0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1522.0 0.0 0.0 4 1 .0 19698. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .8 10150.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 3.0 2 1 .4 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.00 10150.00 19698.0 0.8 T 0.3 19698.0 0.0 10150.00 10150.8 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 T 19698.0 10150.0 3 1 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.8 0.6 1477.0 0.8 0.8 10150.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 T 0.00 0. FINISH .8 T 10150.8 T 0.0 0.3 0.27 25.0 1.00 0.0 1477.0 3.0 0.6 0.8 1522.8 T 10150.8 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5 1 .8 0.0 0.0 3.

Part II – Verification Problems 28 NOTES .

. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses. 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss.5 in2. 30° 30° L=180” A=0. None δA 0. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000.5 in2 L=180” A=0.. Van Nostrand Co.29 Verification Problem No. Inc. D. 10000. S.” Part 1. problem 2. “Strength of Materials.5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0..12 None . page 10. 1956. psi and Deflection (δ). 3rd edition. in.12 0.

Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00000 0. 16.0 0.0 0.0 0. 10.0 10000.0 0.00000 -0.00 10000.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. 13.0 0. MEMB INCI .88457 -90. 2 155.0 10000. 11. 4. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 2 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 0.0 T 10000. 3 311.0 0. 15.00000 0.00 10000.00000 0.7 MB. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 0.0 T 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.00000 0.00000 0.0 2 1 . . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 0 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK . 18. DEFLECTION = 0. 3.0 0. Intl.0 0.00000 0. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD .0 T 0.Part II – Verification Problems 30 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO. 2. 20.5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0.00000 0.0 0.6 MB 21. 14.00000 0.12000 0.00000 0.0 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.0 1. 12.00000 Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.0 10000.0 0.00000 0.0 0.00000 Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS Z-TRANS 0. 7. 5.0 T 10000. 6.0/ 3123. 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0.0 10000. . 8. 17.0 0. FINISH .00000 0.76914 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 X-TRANS 1 1 1 0. 19.15 ALL SUPPORT . EXMEM = 568. PAGE 10 PROB 2. DISK SPACE = 12.0 1. 9. 2 FY -5000.00000 0.

936 .119 . 6. PRO 1. Y 15 k (WL) 2k/ft (DL + LL) 5 5 5' 2 6 7 9 8 3 10' 6 7 8 4' 4 4 16' 11' 1 3 2 1 X Members 1.823 STAAD.1576 . Also. Ninth Edition.31 Verification Problem No.936 . 2 = W12X26.025 .157 .024 .579 1. REFERENCE: Attached step by step hand calculation as per 1989 AISC ASD code. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Hand 1.582 1.916 .117 0.914 Calculation 1. 4 = W14X43 Members 5. PROBLEM: Determine the allowable stresses (per 1989 AISC code) for the members of the structure as shown in figure.119 .823 1. 7 = W16X36. Members 3.668 1. Memb 8= L40404. 13 TYPE: Steel Design. perform a code check for these members based on the results of the analysis. Memb 9 = L50506 SOLUTION COMPARISON: Governing ratios for the members Member No.668 1.117 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 32 VERIFICATION PROBLEM 13 HAND CALCULATION Manual / Code refers to AISC Manual of Steel Construction.22/2. Size W 12X26./7.238..54 ksi Try formula H1-1.5 k-ft Area of compressive flange = 6.268.49*0. page 5-45 of Manual. Sz = 33.1576 . a = 7. Steel Design Member 1.85 ft.1817 Try formula H1-2.1817 ksi [Clause F1-8 page 5-47 10 x 12 x (12. 3.268/276.65 = 3. Mz = 56.1639 = 23. so F’ez = 276.85 x 20.39 = 20. fb = 56.1817 Therefore formula H1-2 governs and ratio = 1. so Fa = 15.0 = 20. x 1000 x 1.0 kip (compression). Fx = 25.in. Allowable Stress Design.38 ksi (Table C-36 page 3-16 of manual) fa = 25.39 in 3 From clause F1-2.54) x 20. L c = 6.5 x 12/33. L = 10 ft.8.6 x 36 20.5038 = 79.078 (1-3.1576 20.65 in 2 .466) of Manual] (kl/r)y = 120/1.31 ksi (kl/r)z = 120/5. Allowable bending stress = F b = 12.31 = 1. page 5-54 of Manual.31 = 1. From observation Load case 1 will govern.466 sq.38 + 0. page 5-54 of Manual 3.268 + 0.268 15. ninth edition.38 = 2.

Mz = 112.31 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0.6 = 2. Sz = 33.5 kip (compression).0593 + .19 ksi Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual fa = 8.6 in 2 . Fb = 0.1385.8548 = 0.65 in 2 .7 in 3 From observation load case 3 will govern.76 ksi (Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual) (kl/r)y = 60/1.85ft) [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual] Fb = 0.69. a = 12.66x36 = 23. apply formula H1-3. so Fa = 19.8941 = 69. a = 7.39 = 20.50 k-ft Since L is less than L c (6. Size W12X26.1385 + 20.15. L c = 8.71/7.024. Sz = 62. fb = 112.4 ft.173 x 12/62. L = 11ft. Mz = 56..48 ksi since fa/Fa less than 0.46 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 25. page 5-54 of Manual 1.6 ksi (kl/r)y = 132/1.19 23. fb = 56.31 = .5 x 12/33.65 = 1.6 x 36 = 21. Size W14X43.90. page 5-45 of Manual.5/12.33 Member 2. page 5-54 of Manual . Fx = 25. use formula H1-3.9141 19.15.71 kip (compression).39 in 3 From observation load case 1 will govern.66 = 21. so Fa = 16. Therefore.173 k-ft Refering to clause F1-2.5038 = 39. L = 5 ft. Fx = 8..76 Member 3.

7 in 3 From observation.6 in 2 .37 ft.02 kip (compression). Fx = 14.04 k-ft Since L is less than L c .66 x 36 = 23.52 = 39.6 Member 4.4 ft Since L is less than L c Fb = 0.173 k-ft L c = 8.32. Fx = 8. a = 12.024 + 21.04 x 12/56.48 ksi Combined tension and bending. Size W16X36. Size W14X43.66 = 21.23 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 14.123 + 0.6 = 0. page 5-55 of Manual. L = 4ft.032 + 0. L = 5ft.5 = 12.Part II – Verification Problems 34 2.694 + 0. Mz = 112.75/12. use formula H 2-1. fb = 57. Mz =57.6 in 2 .49 in 3 L c =7.73x12/62. [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual.904 = 0. From observation. Sz = 56.6 = 1. load case 3 will govern. f b = 112.76 Member 5.02/10.76 ksi (kl/r)y = 60.936 23. Fb = 0. 0.75 kip (tension).76 ksi [Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual] f a = 8.46 21.12 ksi .6 x 36 21.48 = 0./1.48 = 0. Sz = 62. load case 3 will govern. so Fa = 19.694.66 x 36 = 23.47. a = 10.994 = 1.117 16.

79 = 107. Mz = 71.25 ksi (Kl/r)y = 192/1.29. specs. L = 16ft.32 + 19. page 5-54 of Manual 1.26 53.533.15 use formula [H1-3..23 12.14 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0.062 = 1. Forces at midspan are Fx = 5.25x12/56.119 .069 + 0. load case 1 will govern.76 Member 6.26*107.000C b /F y) =119.65 kip (compression). with Cb = 1.49 = 15.65/10.25 = 0.25 k-ft From Chapter F of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.14/14.49 in 3 From observation.579 23. sqrt(102.26/(1530.36 + 15.02 L/r T = 192/1.5203 = 126. use formula H1-3.000)]*36 = 14.6 = 0.12 = 0. Size W16X36.35 Since fa/Fa less than 0.02 Therefore F b (as per F1-6.510 = 0.36 [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 5.15.6 in 2 . page 5-54 of Manual] 0. fb = 71. a = 10.057 + 1.229 < 107.0. page 5-47 of Manual) [(2/3) – 36*107.229 sqrt(510.000C b /F y) =53.26 < 119. Sz = 56. so Fa = 9.533/9.

96 k-ft From Clause F1-1.9108 sqrt(2. Fx = 23.0. Fb = 23.37 Since combined tension and bending. L = 7.9108 Qa = 1.9108*36)) = 132.795 is less than Cc. Fa = 11. 2. Sz =56.105 + 0. specs. Size L4x4x1/4.60X36 = 21. Hence.2698.73 0. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0. a = 1. Qs = 1. page5-45 of Manual]. page 5-55 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed. Size W16X36.76 Member 8. use formula H 2-1.76 ksi = allowable compressive stress.66 Fy = 23.94 in 2 From observation load case 1 will govern. Choosing the larger of above 2 values.Part II – Verification Problems 36 Member 7.49 = 13.04 kip (Comp.1241 Kl/r = 7.6 = 2.5627 = 0.0*pi*pi*29000/(0.06/10.25)*sqrt(36) = 0.76 Ksi fa = 24. Fx = 24.0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2. a = 10.37 = 0. Since section is in tension.34 – 0.49in 3 Lc = 7. M z = 62.6in 2 .) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.071 x 12 = 106.specs. Fb = 0. fb = 62.96X12/56.2698 + 13.6027 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) .60 Ksi [Clause F15.37ft (Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual) From observation load case 3 will govern. L =4ft. Fb = 0.00447*(4/0.6 x 36 23.6677 0.071 ft.06 kip (tension).

61 = 13.657 x 12 = 68.418 ksi Therefore Ratio = fa/Fa = 13.301 = 0.823 .99 is less than Cc.44/3.2238 (Kl/r)min = 5. L = 5. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.876/11. Size L5x5x3/8. Fx = 48.04/1.0*pi*pi*29000/(0. Qs = 1.024 Member 9.44 kip (Comp.375)*sqrt(36) = 0. Fa = 16.657 ft.418/16.) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.94 = 11.57 0.37 Actual compressive stress fa = 23.9824 Qa = 1.9824 sqrt(2.0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2.876 ksi Therefore. load case 1 governs. Hence.00447*(5/0.34 – 0. Ratio = fa/Fa = 11. a = 3.0.301 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) Actual compressive stress fa = 48.9824*36)) = 127.61 in 2 From observation.602 = 1.specs.

24.00 0.00 0. 14.50 5.2 MB 2 20 27. 8. 6 25 15 .00 -25.50 -3. LOAD LIST 1 3 28. 9 TA ST L50506 MEMB TRUSS .00 0. 2.0/ 40242. 3 0 10 .75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.52 -3.71 15.00 62.00 0. 9. 23. 8 TA ST L40404 .00 0.00 0. 10. 15. 8 9 CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 -25.65 5.00 0.00 0. 20. 5.00 -12.00 0.29 -10.34 2 4 2 4 25.64 -10.50 0. 21.20 -10. 3.65 1. 1 0.00 0.75 2 0.00 0. 3 4 TA ST W14X43 5 6 7 TA ST W16X36 .00 0.00 0. 7. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13 * * THIS DESIGN EXAMPLE IS VERIFIED BY HAND CALCULATION * FOLLOWING AISC-89 CODE. 8 21 15 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 .00 0. 4 4 6 5 5 7 .00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 38 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. DISK SPACE = 12. 2 25 0 .00 0.00 0. 3 2 4 .00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.00 0.00 0. 6. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.83 10.50 -25. 13. 7 5 15 .65 10. Intl.00 25.20 0. 5 6 7 UNI Y -2.00 12.00 0.15 0. 16.00 0. 12.71 -8.77 0.00 112.00 -5. 6 7 8 . 19.83 -15.00 0.00 0.05 -1. 9 4 8 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 TA ST W12X26 .77 2. 5 FX 15. 8 3 7 . 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DL + LL MEMB LOAD .64 -2. 18.00 -56. LOAD COMB 3 . 4 25 11 5 0 15 .00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 25.00 0. 22.00 0.00 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 4.00 0.00 0. 17.00 56.00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. * UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 .65 -5.0 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD . 2 3 5 .00 10.05 0.00 0.00 0. 7 8 6 . 25.52 3 5 3 5 8.00 0. 11. 26.17 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 .

00 0.4 SY= 5.00 0.00 FC= 15.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.00 0.96 -15.39 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 FCY= 27.00 0.00 4 8 4 8 26.06 24.4 SY= 5.916 1 8.7 CB= 1.00 0.00 0.60 SZ= 62.85 -24.8 CB= 1.00 0.3| | KL/R-Y= 79.46 FT= 21.00 56.00 FTY= 27.44 0.26 FT= 21.00 -112.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 62.00 0.15 10.75 -8.00 0.50 0.00 0.117 3 25.04 7 8 7 8 5. L= 120.00 0.0 AX= 7. PARAMETER 30.0 AX= 7.00 0.00 0.44 -48.00 0.65 10.3| | KL/R-Y= 39.17 15.00 FTY= 27.50 C 0.00 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .95 5 7 5 7 -10.00 0.61 FT= 21.34 57.00 4.64 10.00 YLD= 36.00 56.H1-3 1.60 FV= 14.00 0.85 12.04 -5.50 -8.75 8.50 6.00 0.65 -5.60 FV= 14.50 19. L= 60.75 -10.00 0.00 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.25 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -12.00 0.71 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 -62.00 3.00 0.20 15.00 0.29 15.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.50 0.41 5.00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.00 0.00 -15. TRACK 1.06 24.16 48.04 -23.00 0.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 0.00 0.96 8 6 8 6 -12.50 10.00 0.50 -6.60 FV= 14.18 | | FTZ= 21.06 1.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 FC= 16.00 0.71 1.00 0.06 0.00 0.157 1 25.00 YLD= 36.20 -10.85 12.00 0.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 0.00 FC= 18.00 0.50 14.00 0.33 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 3 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC. CODE AISC 31.KIP FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 20.00 0.7 SY= 11.41 0.00 0.00 0.9 CB= 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.0 AX= 12. UNIT KIP-INCH.65 SZ= 33.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .25 -0.16 -26.H1-2 1.00 0.0 ALL 32.00 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.76 -112.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.29 15.76 FCY= 27.00 0.00 0.83 -8.75 -57.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * 1 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.65 SZ= 33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 FCY= 27.00 0.00 17.00 0.3| | KL/R-Y= 69.00 FTY= 27.00 0.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.04 -62.64 14.00 YLD= 36.95 3 7 3 7 23.02 8.00 0.85 -24.00 0.H1-3 0.17 11. L= 132.02 -14.

7 CB= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.H2-1 0.H1-3 1.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4.44 C 0.H1-1 0.00 0.17 0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC. L= 67.00 FTY= 27.36 FT= 21.76 | | FTZ= 23.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 -57.9 AX= 1.7| | KL/R.6 CB= 1.3 CB= 1.76 | | FTZ= 23.119 1 5. L= 48.60 FV= 0.00 FC= 9.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------33.76 FCY= 27.39 FT= 21.00 FC= 16.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.60 FV= 14.60 SZ= 56. UNIT KIP-INCH.96 0.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.9| | KL/R. L= 84.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST L50506 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 0.26 FT= 21.8 SY= 1.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 -112.76 FCY= 27.00 FC= 11. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FCY= 0.H1-1 1.00 FTY= 0.94 SZ= 0.65 C 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 6 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.025 1 23.00 62.04 C 0. FINISH .823 3 48.0 CB= 0.5 SY= 7.= 106.60 FV= 14. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 0.0 AX= 12.0| | KL/R-Y= 126.76 FCY= 27.60 FV= 14.936 3 8.60 FV= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.06 T 0.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 YLD= 36.00 YLD= 36.0 AX= 10.7 SY= 11.00 FTY= 27.668 3 24. L= 192.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.5 SY= 7.0 AX= 10. L= 60.30 FT= 21.H1-3 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FC= 18.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.25 8.00 FTY= 0.3| | KL/R-Y= 25.02 C 0.00 FC= 20.75 T 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 YLD= 36.00 FC= 18.3 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.60 FV= 14.60 FT= 21.60 SZ= 56.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 14.5 CB= 1.Part II – Verification Problems 40 ALL UNITS ARE . UNIT KIP-INCH.0| | KL/R-Y= 31.60 SZ= 62.00 YLD= 36.8 SY= 3.04 5.61 SZ= 1.5 SY= 7.25 | | FTZ= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 8 ST L40404 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.0 AX= 10.9 AX= 3.00 FTY= 27.0| | KL/R-Y= 39. L= 48.60 FCY= 27.60 SZ= 56.582 3 14.00 FTY= 27.H2-1 0.87 FT= 21.= 69.00 -71.00 FCY= 0.

REFERENCE: CRSI Handbook and Notes on ACI-318 from ACI. column 14 x 16 inch.in Area of Steel in column X 4. 521.in.32 k 5. SOLUTION COMPARISON: ACI notes CRSI Handbook STAAD Area of Steel in beam 2.792 sq. PROBLEM: A plane frame is created with such loading as to create 138 Kip-Ft moment on beam and 574 Kip of axial load coupled with above moment on column. 14 TYPE: Concrete design as per ACI code.32 k 521.41 Verification Problem No.268 k / ft 2 2 3 1 3 1 15' 4 20' GIVEN: Size of beam is 10 x 16 inch.78 sq.23% provided .09% required 4. X 2.01% 4.

28. 16. 12. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 29. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 4 FIXED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE JOINT LOAD 2 3 FY -521. 0.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11. 7.00 0.00 0.00 -67. 30.00 -13. ZD 14.69 13.Part II – Verification Problems 42 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 25.00 0. 4 20. 15. 3 3 4 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTY 1 3 PRISMATIC YD 16. 15.0 ALL FC 4.00 137.68 52. 31. 15.0 ALL CLB 1. .69 -13.00 137. 21. 4.87 2 1 2 3 13. 2.4375 ALL DESIGN BEAM 2 . 22. 27.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 574.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0.69 52.0/ 40242.00 0. 5.00 -574.44 -137.87 3 1 3 4 574. 13. .87 -137. 3. 8. 6. ZD 10. 10.0 MEMB 2 FYMAIN 60. 17. 26.00 0. 2 PRISM YD 16.00 13. 14.32 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -5.69 -13.00 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . 0. 2 0.00 0.68 0. 18.00 0.69 0. Intl.268 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0. 20.69 0. . 2 2 3 .00 0. 3 20.00 0.00 0.44 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.00 -574. UNIT INCH START CONC DESIGN CODE ACI 1999 TRACK 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.87 67.1 MB 2 6 23. DISK SPACE = 12. 9. 19.00 0.

00 FT. ROW=0.73 INCH | | REQD.792 IN2. SIZE .00 INCHES. STEEL = 2. STEEL = 2. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 .873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137.87 KIP-FT.10 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 125. FC . MAX.AXIAL + BENDING FY .52 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 1837.14.0214 ROWMN=0.87 KIP-FT.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 33.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY .00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT.00FT. 20. FINISH .00 X 16.53 KIP-FT AT 10.10. FT.16/ 2. ROWMX=0. TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 9.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.NUMBER 8 4.232 1 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 14. 0. RECT SIZE .0185.792 IN2.TO 240.54/ 4. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-5/8 2-NUM.X 10.00 X 16.164 SQ. 1 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 . IN.4000.00 IN END 0. REQD. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2. 2 DESIGN RESULTS .60000 FC . MAX. | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | | | |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 32. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 48.4000 PSI. REQD. IN. END CONC DESIGN 34. IN. DESIGN COLUMN 1 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO. IN.43 ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO.48 IN2.17 inch^4 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED.60000. LOADING 1 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED.X 16_____________________ 3J____ | | | | | | | | | 2#10H 3. FT. LOADING 1 ___ 2J____________________ 240.

If all the permissible bar sizes are exhausted. However. . it tries with the next larger bar size. 3 # 11 bars and 2 # 10 bars may satisfy the requirement. the program reports that it could not come up with a bar arrangement. this does not mean that it is impossible to come up with a bar arrangement. If an arrangement is not possible with that bar. it uses only bars of the same size. For example. The program is not equipped with facilities to come up with such combinations of bar sizes. However.Part II – Verification Problems 44 NOTES STAAD reports that it is unable to find a suitable bar arrangement to satisfy the reinforcement requirement for the negative moment at the two ends of beam 2. the user may be able to satisfy the requirement by mixing bars of various diameters. It begins with the bar size corresponding to the parameter MINMAIN. When STAAD looks for a bar arrangement.

45 NOTES .

Part II – Verification Problems 46 .

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