A M E R I C A N E X A M P L E S M A N UA L

STAAD.Pro 2006

AMERICAN EXAMPLES MANUAL

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad
Part Number: DAA037020-1/0001

STAAD.Pro 2006 is a suite of proprietary computer programs
of Research Engineers, a Bentley Solutions Center. Although
every effort has been made to ensure the correctness of these
programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake,
error or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of
these programs.

RELEASE 2006
© 2006 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Published March, 2006

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilities to enable this task.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented using
lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triangular and
quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick elements.
These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties, orient cross
sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber, aluminum, specify
supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program generate loads, design
parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, and dynamic response (spectrum, time history,
steady state, etc.).
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and shear
walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate and
solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third-party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users to link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with perhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed book
to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials : This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual
This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved using the STAAD
engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and design problems
commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment
This document contains a detailed description of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) of
STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model generation, structural analysis and
design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual
This manual deals with the theory behind the engineering calculations made by the
STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation of the commands available in the
STAAD command file.
International Design Codes
This document contains information on the various Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum
design codes, of several countries, that are implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

4 of the Getting St arted manual.iii To access the built-in editor. You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following figure. choose Open STAAD Editor. In this dialog box.3 and 1. . first start the program and follow t he steps explained in Sections 1.

std for example 1. namely. and so on.std for example 8. and "spro2006" is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands). You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2006\staad\examp\us where "X:" is the drive. the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual. examp01. For your convenience. examp08. the editor screen will open as shown below. .iv At this point. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters.

as shown below. or.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject. and choose Edit Input Command File. . To view their contents in the editor. click on the STAAD editor icon. Then. go to the Edit menu. open the file you are interested in. They too are installed along with the examples.

vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor. select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window). .

19 181 Example Problem No. 20 191 .Table of Contents Part I . 9 79 Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No.Example Problems Example Problem No. 17 163 Example Problem No. 10 89 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No. 3 25 Example Problem No. 8 67 Example Problem No. 4 33 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No. 12 111 Example Problem No. 16 155 Example Problem No. 14 129 Example Problem No. 13 121 Example Problem No. 15 141 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No. 2 17 Example Problem No. 11 99 Example Problem No. 18 173 Example Problem No.

12 29 . 28 277 Example Problem No. 24 229 Example Problem No. 29 297 Part II . 7 15 Verification Problem No. 10 21 Verification Problem No. 26 255 Example Problem No. 22 207 Example Problem No. 9 19 Verification Problem No. 8 17 Verification Problem No. 3 5 Verification Problem No. 2 3 Verification Problem No. 23 217 Example Problem No. 1 1 Verification Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 27 265 Example Problem No. 21 197 Example Problem No. 25 245 Example Problem No. 5 11 Verification Problem No.Verification Problems Verification Problem No.Example Problem No. 11 25 Verification Problem No. 6 13 Verification Problem No.

Verification Problem No. 14 41 . 13 31 Verification Problem No.

.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i.This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure. 2 . 4) Example problem No. After one analysis. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 3) Example problem No. In this example. 5) Example problem No. Since member sizes change during the member selection.Plane frame with steel design. 3 . 5 .This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. member selection is requested. 6 . 4 . 2) Example problem No. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). . another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing.This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. load/area of floor). 1 . It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No. 6) Example problem No.e. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases.

This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. 10 . Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. During this process. 12) Example problem No.In this example. 9) Example problem No.This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. 11) Example problem No. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis. 12 . The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. 9 . enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. 11 . To avoid looking into a lot of output.Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. 13 .This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. 13) Example problem No.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. The combined results are then used for steel design.7) Example problem No. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. 8 . Design of an element is performed. 8) Example problem No. 7 . . Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. 10) Example problem No.A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck.

This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. 19 . 18) Example problem No. The maxima of the joint displacements.The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame.Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses.A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports.This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. 21 . .This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 16 . A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously.A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities. 18 . 19) Example problem No. The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. 21) Example problem No. 15) Example problem No.14) Example problem No. 15 . 20) Example problem No. 14 . 17) Example problem No. 16) Example problem No. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. and we examine those in this example. 20 . 17 . member end forces and support reactions are determined.

26) Example problem No. pier-cap girders and a deck slab.22) Example problem No.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. 25 .Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed.The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. 24 . 23 . the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. 27 . 29) Example problem No. 28 . 22 . 23) Example problem No.This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. The structure consists of piers. 26 . Since the structural condition is load dependent. 28) Example problem No.A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading. 24) Example problem No. Using the masterslave command. Time History analysis is performed on this model. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. 29 . 27) Example problem No. 25) Example problem No.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed.This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. once for each primary load case.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. .

NOTES .

member selection is requested.9k/ft (LL) 11 8 4 15' 15k 1. After one analysis.2k/ft (LL) W21 x 50 Pinned 3 0. Y 15' 15' 1.6k/ft (WL) 5 4 6 5 1 7 6 W14 x 90 3 20' W14 x 90 2 1 X 1 .9 (LL) 16 14 12 W18 x 35 9 14 8 20 7 10 16 15 9 21 11 W10 x 49 15 9' 12 13 18 19 17 13 22 23 10 35k (LL) 15k 2 0.Example Problem 1 Example Problem No. Since member sizes change during the member selection. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.0 (WL) k/ft 0. 1 Plane frame with steel design.

9 12 14 10 14 16 . the Z coordinates need not be provided. 16 15 44 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. 15 9 14 . 7 5 6 . Semicolon signs (.3 2 6. 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 13 25 38 14 10 41 .5 35 . MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TABLE ST W14X90 . 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 Member properties are from the AISC steel table.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 22 10 11 .4 6 8. 15 20 41 . .Part I . The word ST stands for standard single section. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 16 11 14 . 11 15 35 . 8 30 35 . 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 . . 2 30 0 .Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3. 19 10 13 . 0. 12 13 15 . 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 11 15 16 . 8 7 12 . 9 7. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.5 3 4 6 4 5 . 38. 10 22.5 35. 12 5.2 3 7. . Since this is a plane structure. 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used.

PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. SUPPORT 1 FIXED . ALL DEN 0. Length unit is changed from FEET to INCH to facilitate the input. 2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). POISSON.e.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments. MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i. 3 . strong axis moment) at node 3. etc.

. and. the factor of -1. FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction. Loads are applied on members 6.2 Load 1 contains member loads also. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1. Since global Y is vertically upward.Part I .6 . 11 FY -35. 8 to 13. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.9 .0 indicates that this load will act downwards. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads.0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0. 6 UNI GY -1. is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case. Loads are applied at nodes 4.75 2 0. CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1. JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15.75 . Load 1 contains joint loads also.Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated long with an accompanying title. 5 and 11.0. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0.

Example Problem 1 The above command identifies a combination load (case no. The RATIO parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0. This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive. 3) with a title. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. 5 .9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF. LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow.0 ALL KY 1. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only.85 ALL BEAM 1. The subsequent line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0.9. etc. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12th point along the member length which by the way is the default too. KY.

Hence. GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute.Part I .0 ALL RATIO 1. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity. from among the associated member list.0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters. is assigned to all members in the list. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three. Hence. the cross sections for members 1. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis.Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis. .0 ALL TRACK 1. PARAMETER BEAM 1. GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members.0. PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping. The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1. it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command. STEEL TAKE OFF The above command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes. the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications. 7 .

11 15 35 .INCH ----------------MEMB PROFILE AX/ AY 1 ST W14X90 2 ST W10X49 5 ST W21X50 8 ST W18X35 14 ST L40404 26.86 1.40 54.79 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ IX/ SY 4.000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90.70 7.22 0. 15 9 14 .85 0. 31. UNIT .72 . 13.17 14. 24.000 3. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 27. 26.39 18. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 2 30 0 .75 272.04 1. 29. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.51 93. 5.00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33. 11.31 1. 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 4 TA ST W14X90 .51 24. 20. 10 22.30 5. 38. 0. ALL DEN 0. 7 5 6 . 3. 6. 16.63 0. 30. 5 3 4 6 4 5 . . 19.47 984.50 6.90 94. 3 2 6 . 23. 21.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 3.00 4. 22 10 11 . 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES. 17.Part I .06 49. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . . 15.68 1.905 0.00 142. 9. 22.5 35.40 1. 8 TO 13 TA ST W18X35 14 TO 23 TA ST L40404 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 10. 14.40 3.00 0. 8 7 12 .92 10. 2 3 7 . 11 15 16 .94 0. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 4.14 7.Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .67 IZ/ AZ IY/ SZ 999.39 14. 32. Intl. 15 20 41 .51 5. 1 UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.63 4.30 57. 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER START END JOINT JOINT 1 5 14 1 3 9 3 4 12 LENGTH (FEET) BETA (DEG) 20.66 510.00 13. 28.48 15. 2.67 362. 12 5. 12 13 15 . 19 10 13 .10 0.5 35 . 8 30 35 .00 7. 16 11 14 . 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 .000 10. 7. 25.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 18. 13 25 38 14 10 41 . 2 TA ST W10X49 5 6 7 TA ST W21X50 . 12. 9 7. 4 6 8 . 8.

00 23.00 0.48 -10. 43.36 -2.96 3 7 3 7 33.21727 INCH GLO X.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 54.00 0.48 5.00 0.51 3.17 -53.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 102.NO.00 0.00 0.48 -13.00 3 4 3 4 -3.91 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 18. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -1.00 59.99 0.00 0.07 2 6 2 6 58.90 -28.00 0.43 -41.00 0. 41.00 0.48 -0.9 .64 0.0/ 40264.15 10. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.71 247. 40. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.59 31.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 -33.77 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 9 .00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.48 5. 2 43 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.09 0.99 0.13870 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 1.00 -5.02 0.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15.00 0.66 -30.NO.35 -5. 36.00 0.00 0.15 0.88 41.66 0.Example Problem 1 34.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 48.NO. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 2.26 40.00 0.00 0.27 99. LOAD LIST 1 3 49. DISK SPACE = 12.05 -52.00 0. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.2 CALCULATE NATURAL FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 0. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.00 18.94 -30.99 -9.82 0. 44.99 55.00 40.71 -39.00 0.73 21.00 0.51 0. 39. 42.66 13.00 0.00 0.75 2 0.00 0.4 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 0.45 -17.00 -21.65 0. 35.46 -10.00 0.07 28. 11 FY -35.00 181. 38.00 0.6 . 45.96 -11. 37.48 3. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 46.00 -2. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.00 0. .00 0.00 70.71 -60.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 47.00 6 8 6 8 31.00 0. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.16 6.00 -61. 6 UNI GY -1.95 10.14 105.79 -56.

14 27.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.91 14 16 14 16 41.00 0.00 0.90 6.00 0.00 -20.62 11.26 42.00 0.55 -36.53 0.00 0.66 11.00 0.79 -36.01 0.64 25.16 10.00 0.00 0.81 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 20.00 0.27 5.00 0.00 0.07 25.00 0.76 5.02 0.26 10.00 0.92 0.01 0.31 44.00 0.48 -10.15 10.00 0.01 0.00 0.55 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -27.00 0.52 -40.00 0.00 0.18 -42.46 -10.86 -2.15 -73.00 0.00 0.98 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.68 36.56 15 16 15 16 41.63 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.94 -25.91 -60.00 0.00 0.58 8 13 8 13 40.00 0.00 0.18 -44.00 0.01 0.00 0.60 25.01 0.00 0.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.75 34.61 0.64 7.00 0.94 -73.00 0.00 -181.58 -60.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.23 21.00 0.72 0.74 -26.00 0.63 -37.78 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -5.00 0.48 3.01 0.00 0.55 25.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 26.00 -148.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.70 -5.00 0.00 0.64 3.00 0.00 0.44 8.00 0.42 24.00 0.03 -13.61 -11.00 10 15 10 15 -1.42 7 12 7 12 36.68 -36.00 0.56 13 15 13 15 40.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.88 -35.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -3.45 37.87 22.95 9.00 0.00 9 14 9 14 1.25 2.00 0.00 0.12 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 10.00 0.48 3.27 -23.78 0.06 -15.00 0.00 10 13 10 13 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 15 11 15 -21.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 10.00 0.98 24.Part I .00 0.68 -15.31 0.98 -102.01 0.86 0.00 0.48 -10.00 0.01 0.94 -3.78 -4.73 35.00 0.02 -44.00 -56.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -21.00 0.01 0.33 -34.00 0.46 -2.25 -19.00 0.55 16.75 4.00 0.30 5 6 5 6 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 -175.60 8.KIP FEET MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 5 4 5 -3.00 0.00 0.62 56.00 -57.01 0.00 0.80 -19.01 0.00 0.91 19.98 -99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.10 -40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 57.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.31 12 14 12 14 36.84 -41.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.52 7.00 27.16 0.00 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 1 3 14 1 3 15 1 3 16 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 .00 0.00 0.77 -4.99 148.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.00 0.00 0.01 0.72 -27.00 0.00 0.58 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.26 9 12 9 12 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.73 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 44.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.15 2.00 11 14 11 14 -24.00 0.86 -41.00 0.

00 0.00 3 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.9 ALL PROFILE W14 MEMB 1 3 4 SELECT ALL STAAD.05 40.00 0.99 -2.00 9 11 9 11 -19.53 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.776 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-2 0.73 247. 55.00 0.99 3 0.00 0.97 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -18.02 0.43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 2.00 0.00 0.50 21.00 0.00 0.51 54.17 0.44 23.02 0.32 -19.82 C PASS 31.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 PASS 40.00 -3.00 -61. 53. 58.79 55.00 0.00 0.00 0. 56.00 0.00 247.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 8 10 8 10 -23.02 0.00 0.86 -0.870 0.00 0.H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.H2-1 0. 54.44 0.50 -5.48 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 1 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.27 0.97 0.842 0.00 0.00 0.32 17.66 C PASS 3.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.H1-3 0.00 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.00 0.00 0.88 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 3 0.00 0.00 0.46 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .88 0.75 0.02 0.00 0.00 60.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 20 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 7 9 7 9 -17.H1-3 0.00 0. 52.07 C 3 ST W14X90 4 ST W14X109 5 ST W24X62 PASS 53.00 0.75 5.00 0.02 0.00 0. PARAMETER CODE AISC NSF 0.86 0.02 0.71 58.00 0.00 11 .02 0.46 19.00 -181.00 0.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0 ALL KY 1.00 0.00 0.756 -70.00 10 11 10 11 -21.00 0.85 ALL BEAM 1.02 0.00 0.53 0.71 C 2 ST W12X40 PASS 33. 57.820 105.00 0.00 1 15.15 0.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0.

00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 0.00 60.15 T PASS 36.65 C PASS 1.64 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-2 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 TABLE ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.00 0. .18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-2 0.73 C 12 ST W14X30 13 ST W18X40 14 ST L20203 15 ST L20203 16 ST L25205 PASS 40.876 0.829 0.00 1 0.Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .H1-2 0.50 3 10.45 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.91 3 0.H1-2 0.. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61.00 0.83 1 5.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.H1-1 0.00 0.00 -57.18 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.00 0.00 1 7.00 73.832 0.864 0.826 0..55 C PASS 36.00 1 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 175.662 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.46 T 17 ST L25205 PASS 24.00 0.H1-2 0....Part I ..00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 73.H2-1 0.812 0.847 0.81 3 0.755 0.829 0..83 1 5.00 1 0. GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST W24X62 ) LIST= 5.H1-1 0.H2-1 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.83 1 5.848 0. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST W18X40 ) LIST= 8.42 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.831 0.00 59.00 3 3...00 -56.15 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.48 T 7 ST W24X62 8 ST W16X31 9 ST W14X30 PASS 10.81 C PASS 24.01 T 18 ST L30253 PASS 5.H1-1 0.663 0.97 T PASS 19. GROUP MEMB 5 6 7 4 (ST W14X109 ) LIST= 1.00 -185.70 C 19 ST L20202 PASS 6.00 1 0.00 3 0.74 C PASS 5.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 C PASS 26.858 0.46 T PASS 21.870 0..00 PASS 3.00 1 5.00 99.94 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.862 0.83 3 0.81 3 7.68 C 10 ST W18X35 PASS 41... PERFORM ANALYSIS 23 (ST L30254 ) LIST= 14. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62.44 T 1 2.869 0.92 T 20 ST L25204 21 ST L25204 22 ST L20205 23 ST L30254 PASS 19.00 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.75 C 11 ST W18X35 PASS 41.896 0.50 T PASS 23.

2| | KL/R-Y= 57.38 FT= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.0 ALL TRACK 1.00 FTY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.H1-3 0.80 SZ= 51.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.29 T 0.38 0.0 ALL RATIO 1.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.60 FV= 14. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.60 FCY= 27.01 FT= 21.872 3 41.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4. L= 120.00 FC= 17.807 1 32.00 20. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FTY= 27.00 FTY= 27.60 FCY= 27.60 FV= 14.00 YLD= 36.05 C 0.60 | | FTZ= 21.64 FT= 21.2| | KL/R-Y= 64.68 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.00 YLD= 36.2 SY= 61.00 FC= 13.00 FC= 14.85 | | FTZ= 21. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.60 FV= 14.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.70474 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 0.0| | KL/R-Y= 93.H1-2 0.1 CB= 1.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 . 65.0 AX= 32.0 AX= 32.30 0.2| | KL/R-Y= 77. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.00 248.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.16 C -70. 67. PARAMETER BEAM 1.0 AX= 11. 37 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.2 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.76 | | FTZ= 23.43 0.618 3 54.76 C 108. L= 240.76 FCY= 27.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------4 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.2 SY= 61.60 | | FTZ= 21. L= 180.865 1 4.81 10.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.60 FCY= 27.00 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21. 68. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64.6 SY= 9.2 SY= 61.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W14X109 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.34 15.0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.Example Problem 1 ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS. L= 240.00 FC= 17.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3. UNIT KIP-INCH.2 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 FTY= 27.00 -186.8 CB= 1.00 FC= 15.00 63.PRO CODE CHECKING .H1-3 0.97912 INCH GLO X.NO.60 FCY= 27.844 3 31.00 SZ= 173.H2-1 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.83 FT= 21.88 C 0.20 SZ= 130.NO.9 SY= 11.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.H1-3 0.0 AX= 18. UNIT KIP-INCH.NO. 31 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.60 | | FTZ= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 YLD= 36.0 AX= 32.00 FTY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.00 SZ= 173.1 CB= 1. L= 180. 66.60 FV= 14.00 SZ= 173.

00 FTY= 27. UNIT KIP-INCH.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9. UNIT KIP-INCH.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.29 T 0.69 5.85 | | FTZ= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.07 FT= 21.60 FV= 14.00 FTY= 27.39 C 0.00 YLD= 36.00 FTY= 27.00 FC= 17. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 70.570 1 34.H2-1 0.50 C 0.00 YLD= 36.80 SZ= 68. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 120.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 13. L= 70.652 1 40.60 FV= 14.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.00 178.00 FTY= 27.H1-3 0.0 AX= 11.H1-2 0.80 SZ= 68. UNIT KIP-INCH.80 SZ= 68.6 SY= 9.60 FV= 14.00 -58.00 FC= 17.80 SZ= 68.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 -191.00 66.60 FV= 14.60 FCY= 27.34 0.60 FCY= 27.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .60 FV= 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------12 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FC= 14.76 | | FTZ= 23.0 CB= 1.00 FTY= 27.76 | | FTZ= 23.2 CB= 1.827 3 10.00 -59.00 FC= 14. L= 70.79 5.653 1 40.00 YLD= 36.H1-2 0.4 SY= 6.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 YLD= 36.00 YLD= 36.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .76 FCY= 27. UNIT KIP-INCH.07 FT= 21.70 C 0.07 FT= 21.00 63.69 C 0.76 FCY= 27.76 | | FTZ= 23.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------8 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.Part I .00 FTY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.0 AX= 11.20 SZ= 130.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.H1-2 0.79 5.0 AX= 18.885 3 27.6 SY= 9.60 C 0.0 CB= 1.585 1 36.0 CB= 1.4 SY= 6.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 10.76 FCY= 27.0 AX= 11.80 SZ= 68.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.0 AX= 11.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 6 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 19.0 CB= 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.49 0. L= 70.H1-2 0.0 AX= 18.85 | | FTZ= 21.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.00 YLD= 36.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W24X62 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.30 2. L= 120.H2-1 0.00 FC= 17.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.07 FT= 21.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 12.76 FCY= 27.4 SY= 6.H1-2 0.0 AX= 11. L= 70.00 66.83 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 11.00 FTY= 27.76 FCY= 27.38 FT= 21.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 FC= 17.73 10.603 1 34.07 FT= 21.50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.60 FV= 14.00 101.71 5.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------11 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.2 CB= 1.0 CB= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.20 SZ= 130.4| | KL/R-Y= 55.38 FT= 21.00 YLD= 36.48 T 0.8| | KL/R-Y= 87.60 FV= 14.00 FTY= 27.886 1 4.4 SY= 6.20 C 0.4 SY= 6.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 14.76 FCY= 27.4 SY= 6. UNIT KIP-INCH.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------13 ST W18X40 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.76 | | FTZ= 23.0 AX= 11.80 SZ= 68.4| | KL/R-Y= 55. L= 70.07 FT= 21.00 FC= 17.00 FC= 17.0 CB= 1.

81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 16.552 3 15.9 AX= 1.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.= 170.31 SZ= 0.00 YLD= 36.14 T 0.00 FC= 4.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 .H1-1 0.79 FT= 21.00 0.00 0. L= 46.= 148.00 | | FTZ= 0.66 T 0.00 FCY= 0.00 0.9 AX= 1.00 FTY= 0.91 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 19.7| | KL/R. L= 90.00 FC= 5.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.60 FV= 0.3 SY= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.3 SY= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.= 148.7| | KL/R.93 C 0.11 FT= 21.558 3 4.89 C 0.00 FC= 5. L= 78.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------19 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------20 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.155 3 2.00 FTY= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 7.= 178.00 3.72 FT= 21.00 FTY= 0.60 FV= 0.3 CB= 0.= 90.3 CB= 0.00 FTY= 0.7 AX= 1.00 YLD= 36.31 SZ= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 0.04 T 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 FCY= 0.00 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.31 SZ= 0.31 SZ= 0.9 CB= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------21 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.7| | KL/R.3 SY= 0.72 FT= 21.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 0. L= 78.7| | KL/R. L= 90.31 SZ= 0.7| | KL/R.00 FCY= 0.00 FC= 4.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------18 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.0 AX= 1.631 1 17.7| | KL/R.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.0 AX= 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.3 SY= 0.9 CB= 0.03 T 0.0 CB= 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 14 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 YLD= 36. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 21.1 CB= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 FTY= 0.19 FT= 21.60 FV= 0.7| | KL/R.816 3 23.7 AX= 1.0 AX= 1.= 178.31 SZ= 0.00 0.3 SY= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FCY= 0.31 SZ= 0.00 FC= 6.= 170.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 14.329 1 2.00 FC= 14.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 0.00 YLD= 36.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------17 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0. L= 46.0 AX= 1.213 3 6.00 FTY= 0.98 C 0.00 FCY= 0.60 FV= 0. L= 93.60 FV= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 0.00 | | FTZ= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.3 SY= 0.H1-1 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 0.00 FC= 6.00 FCY= 0.848 1 24.60 FV= 0.7| | KL/R.19 FT= 21.81 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 17.31 SZ= 0.00 FC= 14.79 FT= 21.1 CB= 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.0 CB= 0.11 FT= 21.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------16 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 15.00 0.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 20.H1-1 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.91 T 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 18.00 FTY= 0.= 90.00 FTY= 0.3 SY= 0.00 0.00 7.3 SY= 0.00 FCY= 0. L= 93.

00 FCY= 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 FC= 5.00 FC= 5.130 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 70.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 | | FTZ= 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.000 ---------------TOTAL = 10. UNIT KIP-INCH.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.296 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 22.00 FTY= 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 23.00 | | FTZ= 0.= 170.00 34.00 0.0 AX= 1.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 YLD= 36.43 0.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------23 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.653 1 18.51 T 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .reiusa.00 30.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.co.601 1.60 FV= 0.net * ************************************************************ .99 66.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.= 170.com * * Europe support@reel.co.45 T 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.686 1 19.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 22 ST L30254 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS TENSION 0.9 CB= 0.0 AX= 1.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. UNIT KIP-INCH.977 0.Part I .402 0.3 SY= 0.854 1.co.00 FTY= 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.31 SZ= 0.3 SY= 0.00 15. L= 90.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0. L= 90.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------69.00 YLD= 36. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.7| | KL/R.7| | KL/R.00 0.11 FT= 21.9 CB= 0.31 SZ= 0. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE LENGTH(FEET) ST W14X109 ST W12X40 ST W24X62 ST W18X40 ST L30254 PRISMATIC STEEL WEIGHT(KIP ) 55.00 5.11 FT= 21.Pro.00 FCY= 0.60 FV= 0.

e.5' 13 3. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads. the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed. Consequently. the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input.5' 15' 19 21 10 13 17 18 11 12 14 15 14 27 23 5. In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads.5' 17 26 19 7' 25 16 15 20 21 17 .Example Problem 2 Example Problem No. The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis. 4 x 5' = 20' 2 1 3 2 4 3 4 5 1 20 22 5 7 24 6 7 8 9 28 8 10' 9 10 11 3. load/area of floor). However. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i.

25 . 10. . 3.Part I . 20 0. 19 20. the Y coordinates are all the same. 15 11.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 28. Joints between 1 and 5 (i. 0. 2. Semicolon signs (. 0. 35. 13 0. 0. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 10. 25. 27 12 17 .5 0. 0. 23 11 16 . 8 10. 25. Joint number followed by X. 5 7 8 9 . 0. 0. 25. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. . 14 5. 0. 28. 14 18 19 15 20 21 .5 0. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 0. . 16 18 20 . 0. 0. 10. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 0. UNIT FT KIP Defines the UNITs for data to follow. . 17 20. 21 20. in this case zero. 11 16. 10. . 35. . 24 4 10 . 25 19 21 26 17 19 . . 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 12 20. 17 13 18 . 25. 0. .e. 7 5. 9 13. Since this is a floor structure. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 0. 0. 18 0.Application Examples 18 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 20 2 7 . The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. 0. 5 20. 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). 10. 0. . . 10. 16 16. 10 15. 0. 10 13 14 13 .

The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis.ft) which is the equivalent of 29000 ksi. This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i. SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED The above joints are declared as being restrained for all 6 global degrees of freedom.Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 Member properties are specified from the AISC steel table. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint.e. The word ST stands for standard single section. etc. AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0. strong axis moment) at the start joint. POISSON. In this case.0 Kips/sq. LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints. CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). E has been assigned as 4176E3 (4176000.30 19 . the W12X26 section is chosen.

1 of Technical Reference Manual). PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 2.Part I . UNT and UNB stand for unsupported length for top and bottom flange to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress.0 ALL DMIN 1. Design is to be performed per the specifications of the AISC ASD Code. SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the AISC steel table for the members listed. The program converts area loads into individual member loads.ft.3 kips/sq.0 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (Table 2. DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection.0 ALL UNT 1. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD.Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 0. . FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.0 ALL UNB 1.

25.00 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 19. 10 15. 28 5 12 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 28 TABLE ST W12X26 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -0.750 CON L LIN1 LIN2 -1. 10. . 10. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 16. . 15.00 0. 7.725 GY -1.350 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 21 .500 GY 0. 0. 10. 24.00 5.525 GY -0. 25. 0. . 7 5. 20. 10. 0.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL L1 L2 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0. 18 1 13 19 7 14 .00 0.00 -1. 12. 10 13 14 13 . 6.500 GY -1.650 GY -1. 8. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 8 10. Intl. 24 4 10 .0/ 40264.00 0.450 -0. .00 25.5 0. 14. 25 . 19 20. 25.00 5. 23 11 16 . 22. 0. 13 0. 14 5. 26.00 0. 11 16. 21 20.00 10. 25.5 0. 12 20. 0. 15 11.450 -1. 28. 0. 18 0.00 0. 5.450 -0. 0. 27 12 17 .00 20. 25. 3.0 MB 6 42 LOADING 1 300 POUNDS PER SFT DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD . STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 17.00 10. 0.450 -0.950 -1. 17 13 18 . 29. 11. 0. 0.00 0. . 35.00 -0.500 -1.00 15.00 -1. 5 20. 2. 10. 35. 20 0.050 -1.050 -0. 27.00 0. 16 18 20 .13 10. 0. 13. 16 16. 28. 9. . 0.50 20.00 0.00 10. DISK SPACE = 12. .50 3.00 6.750 GY 0. .Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 18. 0. .500 GY -0. 23. 4. 10.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 15. 0.00 0. 17 20. 20 2 7 . 5 7 8 9 . 10. 9 13. 0.30 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 11/ 5/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 0. 21. 28. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . 0.

PRO MEMBER SELECTION .00 T PASS 0.0 ALL DMAX 2.00 T 15 ST W14X22 PASS 0.0 ALL UNT 1.H1-3 0.46 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.987 0.00 -167.00 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .59 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 12.911 0.00 .75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 0.H1-3 0. 37.00 1 10.H1-3 0.00 -18.00 1 3.0 ALL UNB 1. 32.978 0. 36.00 1 10.57 1 7.50 1 5.00 T 6 ST W18X35 11 ST W21X48 14 ST W16X26 PASS 0.74 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 TABLE ST W21X44 PASS 0.0 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.H1-3 0.00 T PASS 0.75 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC. 33. PARAMETERS CODE AISC BEAM 1.Part I . 34.00 1 0.00 T PASS 0.H1-3 0.85 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -33.50 1 0.00 T PASS 0.H1-3 0.32 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.797 0.H1-3 0.00 -102.744 0.H1-3 0.H1-3 0.863 0.Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 30.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 -139.H1-3 0.00 T PASS 0.00 -75.937 0.897 0.915 0.H1-3 0.886 0.0 ALL DMIN 1.00 T PASS 0.00 -221.38 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 1 7.00 1 6. 35. 31.00 -49.443 0.50 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.H1-3 0.59 1 0.984 0.00 -172.00 -52.00 -58.00 T 16 ST W12X19 PASS 0.00 T 18 ST W12X26 19 ST W24X55 21 ST W12X22 23 ST W12X19 24 ST W12X19 27 ST W21X48 PASS 0.00 -31.00 T PASS 0.

com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.co.uk * * Asia support@reiasia. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS. PRESS RESULTS.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES. THEN FILE SAVE. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. FROM THE UPPER MENU. UPDATE PROPERTIES.Example Problem 2 38.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.net * ************************************************************ 23 .com * * Europe support@reel. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.reiusa. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.

Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 NOTES .Part I .

10 & 14 = 8 x 1 x 250 = 2000Kips/ft Spring of joints 2. 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footing. 5. 2) Soil Subgrade Reaction . The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation.250 Kips/cft Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1. 4. Width : 8 ft. 12 & 13 = 8 x 2 x 250 = 4000Kips/ft 25 . 4 8 20 7 7 9 6 8 6 5 1 2 1 9 10 34 5 2 8 3 4 10 11 1213 14 11 12 13 14 NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in feet. 3.Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring. 11. 3 K/FT 5K 10 3 K/FT 5K 10 Typ.

0 . The program will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Every input has to start with the word STAAD. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .0 ZD 8.Part I . 9 24. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 The first two lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) followed by YD (depth) and ZD (width) values. Since this is a plane structure.0 20.0 Joint number followed by X. 7 4.0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2.0 .0 0.0 10.0 14 28.0 5 8.0 0.0 8 24.0 0. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.0 0. Semicolon signs (.0 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.0 0.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Y and Z coordinates are provided above.0 0.0 6 4.0 0. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1.0 20. Additional information is available in sections 1 and 5 of the Technical .) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line.0 ZD 8.0 0.Application Examples 26 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 10.0 0.0 0. UNIT FT KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.0 0. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 10 20.

Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000. Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line. * E FOR STEEL IS 29.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. The supports for the structure are specified above. Density and Poisson’s ratio.0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1. Member properties for the remaining members are chosen from the American (AISC) steel table. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. Also. 27 . MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Since global Y is vertically upwards.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8. The word ST stands for standard single section. SELF Y -1. UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000. a spring having a spring constant of 4000 kip/ft is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes.Example Problem 3 Reference Manual.0 factor. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards. The first set of joints are restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z). the -1.

PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. and is applied on members 7 and 8. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5. acting downwards.Part I . The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. The load is applied at nodes 6 and 7. member forces and support reactions. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also.

31.0 0. 25.10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 1. 9. 9 24. 32. 2. 17.0 0.2 MB 29 .0 5 6 9 10 TA ST W10X33 7 8 TA ST W12X26 * E FOR STEEL IS 29.0 5 8.0 0. 29. 18.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -3. 26.0 0.0 0. 7 4. 3. 22. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 15.0 0.0 0.283E-3 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 8.0/ 3144.0 . Intl. MEMB 5 TO 10 E 3000.000 AND FOR CONCRETE 3000 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. 12.Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 28. LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1.0 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 2. 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 2000. DISK SPACE = 12.0 . 5.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .0 10. 14.0 0. 21.0 10. 6.0 ZD 8. 4.0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 5. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . EXMEM = 568. 37.2 MB. 36.0 20. 24. MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 0. 27. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT FT KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. 8 6 9 9 8 9 . 16. 11.0 ZD 8.0 10 20.0 20. 13.0 14 28. 20. 34. 19.0 8 24.0 6 4.0 0.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.68E-5 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 UNIT FT SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 4000. 23. 30. 7.0 0. 35. 10. 38. 33. 8.

00 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.82 10.00010 -0.00 0.00 -7.00395 0.00 0.84 -32.17 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 21.40 -9.00 0.31 18.00 0.00000 -0.22 6.04885 -0.00000 0.86 -56.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -16.00000 0.70 0.08885 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 6.00000 0.00 18.32290 0.00015 -0.00 0.15 7 1 7 8 16.35 -16.00000 0.79 2 1 2 3 0.64181 0.00 9.00000 0.00 -67.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.22 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 -0.00 0.00 7.09085 -0.00 0.35 0.87 7.01 -28.00 0.28 20.00 0.00 0.35 0.33042 0.00000 0.00 -50.00000 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.04893 -0.00035 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.03597 -0.60 0.00 0.84 0.00 3 1 3 4 0.00 0.00 0.00671 0.00 0.00 13.00 -0.00 0.54 0.00000 0.35 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 6.00 94.00 63.60 0.00000 0.04 0.00000 0.89 -12.00 0.00000 0.62413 0.00 0.00 11.00017 -0.00 0.05852 -0.35 -16.36 -63.00 16.00 0.00 63.60 0.Part I .10 -4.00000 0.13 19.00000 0.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00023 -0.76 8 1 6 9 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 31.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.10248 -0.06131 -0.06101 -0.00 0.60 -0.00000 0.00 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 28.16 -65.04257 -0.40 0.00 0.59 .68 -11.00048 -0.Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 39.95 27.99 0.00000 0.00 49.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.26 -117.00043 -0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.04 4 1 4 5 0.00000 0.00 0.00 -18.00 0.00 0.00 0.07856 -0.74 10 1 9 12 65.00 0.00 0.82 11 1 10 11 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.07162 -0.00020 -0.00 5 1 3 6 56.00 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.93 9 1 8 9 31.00 0.00051 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.76 68.41 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.53 27.00 0.89 18.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 44.00 0.10 10.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 49.08043 0.00028 -0.00 0.00055 -0.00000 0.00 0.34 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET ----------------JOINT 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.05440 -0.00 0.15 -94.90 6 1 6 7 29.00 -22.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -9.51 16.49 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00485 -0.00 0.00000 0.53 32.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.40 0.00 0.

00 -9.00 40.37 24.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.59 44.00 14 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.co.88 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 -89.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.00 0.00 0.08 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 13.KIPS FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 1 11 12 0.net * ************************************************************ 31 .00 -30.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro.41 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.01 0.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.08 34.co.00 0.55 13 1 12 13 0.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.41 14 1 13 0.41 0.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 19.00 -11.reiusa.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** -24.88 -15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.

Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 NOTES .Part I .

Y 7 8 8 15 k 13 14 5 3 5 6 4 180" 6 7 k 30 11 9 10 12 2 1 4 1 2 240" X 240" 3 180" 33 . different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. In this example.Example Problem 4 Example Problem No. 4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces.

The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). it is necessary to have 2 commands. 5 6 8 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.Part I . 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 0 7 240. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480. 8 480. 10 2 4 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 180. 0 0 4 0 180. 360. 0 Joint number followed by X. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . Semicolon signs (. 3 5 7 . UNIT INCH KIP Specifies the unit to be used. Also. 0 6 480. 14 5 8 . Consequently. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 9 1 5 . one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. 360. To accommodate these requirements. Since this is a plane structure. 4 3 6 .Application Examples 34 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 11 3 5 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD.) are used as line separators. 0 . the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.

This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again. The word ST stands for standard single section. MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. Built-in default value of steel is used for the latter. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. CONSTANTS E 29000. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. Poisson’s ratio. 2 and 3. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). etc. it is assumed to be 0.Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 35 .0. SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table.

It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier. JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 . The loads are applied on members 6. The length UNIT is changed from INCH to FT for input values which follow. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. 7 FX 15 .5 Load 1 contains member loads. for dead and live load. CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to any forces for the next load case. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. the bracings are not used to carry any load. MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1. In other words. INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive. The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again.Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. 8 and 7.0 7 UNI GY -1. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.Part I .

For load combinations. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0.Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads. the program simply gathers the 37 .75 3 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. 12 and 14 are made inactive. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9.75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case. LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title.75 2 0.75. CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . The negative numbers (-30 and -15) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction. 8 FX -15 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only.

factors them appropriately. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. in the output file.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members. an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases. (As explained earlier.0 ALL UNB 6.5 ALL . LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report.0 ALL KY 0. Thus. of the member end forces. Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3.Part I . PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1. Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis. and combines them algebraically.Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. a combination case is not truly analysed for. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. but handled using other means. are recognized as the "active" load cases.0 ALL UNT 6.

The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. KY 0. 39 . Design will be done according to the specifications of the AISC ASD Code.Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained). CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements. FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run. UNT and UNB represent the unsupported length of the flanges to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress.5 for ALL members.5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0.

22. 0 6 480. STAAD PLANE A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT INCH KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 480.75 3 0. 3. 11.75 2 0. 25. 26. 10 2 4 . 21.Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 38. 28. 32. 13. 40. 3 5 7 . 4 3 6 . 42. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 36. 0 0 4 0 180. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 0 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 31. 7 FX 15 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -30 . 9 1 5 . 11 3 5 . 34. 23. 0 . 8. CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 30 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 44.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 5. 15. 7.0/ 40263. 10. 19. 27. DISK SPACE = 12. 16. 37. 12 2 6 13 6 7 .75 PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL 3 18 . 180.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. Intl. 6. 2. 18. 24. 5 6 8 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.Part I . 14. 43. 0 7 240. 20. 4. 9. 29.3 MB 30. 47. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -1.14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 5 TABLE ST W12X26 6 7 8 TA ST W18X35 9 TO 14 TA LD L50505 CONSTANTS E 29000. 12. 41. 46. 45. 33. 8 FX -15 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0.0 7 UNI GY -1. 39. 360. 8 480. 17. 35. 360.

06 28.34 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.90 14.61 -15.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 15.27 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 11.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.33 1.33 -2.79 35.00 0.88 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.79 22.00 0.00 0.30 -12.16 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 -0.14 -10.20 -2.91 0.00 0.66 -13.65 0.00 0.25 11.00 0.16 -0.00 0.97 18.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -0.00 0.06 -9.20 0.Example Problem 4 48.00 0.00 0.95 -0.45 0.00 10.00 0.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 2.09 0.00 0.00 0.70 2.00 -10.00 10.00 0.95 0.15 0.09 -35.00 0.12 2.71 5.10 0.00 0.73 -30.00 0.97 -5.15 0.00 -13.14 -0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.95 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 -2.66 -11.00 0.76 -3.74 -0.00 0.13 -7.95 -35.00 -9.78 20.00 0.00 0.00 1.83 5.84 -22.07 -0.11 2.00 3.24 0.84 17.07 -18.60 0.12 -2.00 0.95 2.76 -2.42 -0.00 0.00 0.80 13.40 -1.00 0.45 -50.76 -15.00 0.00 0.34 -0.35 15.00 0.00 0.66 -24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 2.00 0.22 -0.00 0.84 16.11 -19.73 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 38.00 0.00 0.06 -44.00 0.00 0.91 4.00 0.19 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 5.88 7.00 0.52 0.86 -9.42 -0.92 1.78 9.78 -29.79 -28.00 0.15 0.16 0.00 -2.00 -0.00 0.92 -1.31 0.00 0.00 0.65 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.38 -0.00 0.00 0.26 -23.00 0.42 0.00 0.05 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -1.00 0.00 0.47 -38.00 -5.00 0.48 8.00 0.84 3.37 -0.00 0.00 0.29 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 41 .38 -7.74 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.23 -7.00 0.00 0.03 6.83 -15.00 0.67 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.25 35.00 0.95 9.00 0.00 1.44 0.64 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.61 7.07 -0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.67 -0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.97 10.33 1.37 -0.00 0.00 0.26 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 10.42 -0.26 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 -18.00 0.09 -16.79 -20.64 -35.26 -8.00 0.31 0.29 10.40 0.00 0.97 -5.00 0.16 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 8.97 9.29 0.22 -0.00 0.38 15.00 0.00 0.33 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.83 0.09 8.45 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 24.00 0.00 0.86 10.72 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.01 -9.00 6.00 15.00 0.20 0.08 -0.08 -0.77 0.67 29.13 2.47 9.00 0.19 0.27 0.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 9.26 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.

00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 0.00 0.00 58.78 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.41 22.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.06 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 .00 0.00 0.23 2.72 9.00 0.00 0.07 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 12.97 -2.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -16.58 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.58 -14.47 1.00 0.20 -2.00 0.21 12.00 0.00 0.74 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 0.14 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 14.00 0.00 0.67 -14.00 0.60 13.00 0.00 0.47 17.00 0.65 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -29.00 0.85 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.11 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.67 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 -33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -19.55 44.00 0.00 0.62 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -22.00 0.35 -0.37 -0.37 12.00 0.88 29.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.06 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 16.00 0.67 12.40 -0.33 0.00 0.37 33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -32.00 0.20 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 0.00 0.00 0.64 -26.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 -0.00 0.00 0.74 25.97 18.00 0.00 0.00 19.00 0.00 0.30 12.66 -14.00 0.87 7.00 0.00 0.03 0.82 -22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -10.00 0.00 0.55 -17.00 0.38 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 41.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 7.00 0.00 0.00 -25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 -17.65 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 25.00 0.85 46.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -3.00 0.00 -25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 12.00 0.00 0.80 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.58 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 19.00 0.00 0.21 -44.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.84 C 7 ST W18X35 8 ST W18X35 9 LD L50505 PASS 32.76 C PASS 35.00 46.00 0.26 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 5 15.32 13.00 -14.55 17.00 4 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 15.58 C PASS 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.302 0.95 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0. 55.03 T (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.76 17.00 0.H1-3 0.H1-3 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 -13.55 0.07 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.591 0.00 35.00 0.00 0.H1-1 0.00 0.416 0.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1. 51.00 -13.00 0.00 0.00 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 0.00 0.05 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-1 0.00 0.00 0.61 C 6 ST W18X35 PASS 22.394 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0 ALL UNT 6.00 0.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 13 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0 ALL KY 0.00 0.00 5 15.00 0.00 0.95 C 5 ST W12X26 PASS 15.16 13.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.76 0.191 0.00 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49. 53.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.07 C 2 ST W12X26 3 ST W12X26 4 ST W12X26 PASS 50.00 0.00 43 .00 0.00 -23.H1-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 18.00 0.00 0.00 4 20.00 0.00 5 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 0.5 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.H1-1 0.00 0.00 0.346 0.00 0.00 0.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 TABLE ST W12X26 PASS 18.05 C PASS 12.00 4 10.00 0.00 0.97 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -17. 52.285 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -17.00 9.442 0. 54.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 -8. 50.00 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .H1-3 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 56.H1-3 0.78 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.45 C PASS 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.394 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 (AISC SECTIONS) TENSION 0.00 0.00 5 0.00 0.00 0.0 ALL UNB 6.00 0.

com * * Europe support@reel.co.00 4 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.KIP FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 10 LD L50505 PASS 19.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 ALL UNITS ARE .31 T 11 LD L50505 PASS 22.00 (AISC TENSION 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 5 0.00 SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) SECTIONS) 57.reiusa.Part I .de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.100 0.41 T 12 LD L50505 PASS 16.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.net * ************************************************************ .co.32 T (AISC TENSION 0.102 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.147 0.00 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 (AISC TENSION 0.00 0.co.171 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 (AISC TENSION 0.00 5 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 SECTIONS) 0.00 5 0.128 0.co.73 T 13 LD L50505 PASS 13.00 0.16 T 14 LD L50505 PASS 13.Pro.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.

Example Problem 4 NOTES 45 .

Part I .Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 NOTES .

Example Problem 5 Example Problem No. Y 20' 2 2 10' 3 1 3 4 4 X Z 5 20' 5 6 47 . 5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.

Member properties have been defined above using the PRISMATIC attribute. IY 300. 20.0 . UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10.0 3 20. 4 20.0 0. 5 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. IZ 300. IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX (torsional constant) are provided in INCH unit. Joint number followed by X. Semicolon signs (. 20. 10. 2 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 . That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. IX 10. Values of AX (area). Y and Z coordinates are provided above. IZ (moment of inertia about major axis). JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.) are used as line separators. . 6 20.0 5 20. UNITS KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.0 0.0 0.0 10. 0.0 10. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 0.0 0. Y and Z coordinates.0 .Part I .Application Examples 48 Example Problem 5 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 0. CONSTANT E 29000.

support reactions and member forces.Example Problem 5 SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED Joints 1. 49 . FY signifies that the support settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this settlement is 0.5 inch downward. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint displacements.50 Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly known as a sinking support. 4 and 6 are fixed supports. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0.

0 10. 20. 15. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 3 4 3 5 .0 .2 MB 22. EXMEM = 568.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 12 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 14. .0 3 20. 10.0 0. 17.0 0. 20. 4. 13. 2. 4 20. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS .0 .1 MB. 7. 6 20. 20. 10. 5. 11.Application Examples 50 Example Problem 5 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT UNITS KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. Intl. CONSTANT E 29000.0 0. 12. 6.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 10. 5 5 6 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 5 PRIS AX 10.0/ 3144. 9. 16. IZ 300. IX 10.0 0.0 0. 2 0. 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. DISK SPACE = 12.0 5 20. 21. 18. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 4 6 FIXED LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD 4 FY -0.Part I . 19. 3. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. IY 300. 8.

49919 -0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.50000 -0.18 107.18 -116.64 2 1 2 3 0.reiusa.08 -0.97 -0.00000 -0.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00000 0.97 -0.08 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * Europe support@reel.00040 0.65 -0.95 1.00154 0.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.Pro.46 107.00000 -0.08 19.00154 -0.15 -0.22 107.00014 0.17 107.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.07 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.01078 0.00 -116.08 0.00050 0.15 0.00050 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 0.07 -0.07 -0.65 36.46 -116.00000 -0.15 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.15 -0.97 -0.15 -0.08 -0.00000 0.09118 0.01078 -0.00 0.15 -0.65 0.95 -0.07 107.65 19.00000 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.15 -0.97 0.97 0.08 0.65 107.07 -0.00000 -0.08 -0.08 -0.46 0.97 -1.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.09125 0.07 0.00 0.22 1 4 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00040 -0.15 -0.65 -0.net * ************************************************************ 51 .00000 -0.64 107. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00000 0.46 -36.co.07 -116.97 0.00000 -0.82 3 1 3 4 -1.07 0.00000 0.97 -0.00154 0.00154 0.46 -19.08 0.18 19.82 -116.KIP INCH MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.09125 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.Example Problem 5 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.97 0.46 -0.07 -0.64 5 1 5 6 0.15 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.97 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.46 -116.95 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.22 0.00000 -0.co.15 0.66 116.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.17 107.64 116.00014 -0.09118 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.07 -0.46 0.18 4 1 3 5 0.66 0.08 0.co.00000 0.

Part I .Application Examples 52 Example Problem 5 NOTES .

2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is applied. the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load).Example Problem 6 Example Problem No. Y 9 8 7 15' 3 6 8 5 5 5 2 15' 7 3 4 1 4 20' 1 X 40' 2 53 . 6 This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.

0. . MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2. Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the major axis (IZ) are provided. 8 40. Semicolon signs (. . 20.2 IZ 1. 35.Part I . 5 0. ALL . SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports. UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used for input to follow. 3 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 . 4 2 4 .Application Examples 54 Example Problem 6 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 3 5 7 . 50. 8 5 6 . 0. 5 4 6 6 6 8 . 50. . 6 40. Since this is a plane structure. 9 7 8 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 7 3 4 . the Z coordinates need not be provided. JOINT COORD 1 0. 2 3 5 . . UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000. 20. 7 0. . Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 4 40. POISSON CONCRETE ALL . 2 40. 35.0 Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic) attribute. and that allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.) are used as line separators. . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.

For a difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS loading. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input. Load 2 is a POSTSTRESS load. as well as additional information about both types of loads. support reactions and member forces in the output file.Example Problem 6 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to perform the analysis. EE 3. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 300 kips. EM -12.g. UNIT FT PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements. Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. EM -12. ES 3. etc. ES 3. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1. The assumptions and facts associated with this type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual. 55 . The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet. Members 7 and 8 have cable force of 300 kips. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. Load 1 contains PRESTRESS load. Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title. LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. EE 3. Poisson’s ratio. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 3 inches above the center of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 12 inches below the c. please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual.

0.00000 -0. 0.00000 0.00000 0. 35.07224 0. 2. . Intl.00087 0. 8 40. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD MEMBER PRESTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300. STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0.00000 0. EM -12.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0. . 7 3 4 . 9.00000 0. 21.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 9 7 8 SUPPORT 1 2 FIXED MEMB PROP 1 TO 9 PRI AX 2.00087 0.00000 0. 3.00039 0.00000 0. EM -12.00015 0.07698 0. 6.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00000 .00000 Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0. .00000 0.00015 0.00000 0. ES 3.00000 0. 14.00059 0. 35. 3 0.0 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000. 8 5 6 . 4.00000 0. . 3 5 7 .00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0. 18. 12.00000 0.00059 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 18 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 15.00000 0.00000 -0. 17.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 16. 5. UNIT FT 25. EE 3.00000 0. .00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.1 MB. 2 40. .Part I .00000 -0.00000 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 .00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0. 5 4 6 6 6 8 .00000 0. 10. 7 0.00000 0. 19.00000 0.Application Examples 56 Example Problem 6 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00000 0.00000 0. LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD MEMBER POSTSTRESS 7 8 FORCE 300.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. EE 3.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0. 20.00000 0.00000 0.07698 0.00000 0. 20.00039 0.00000 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 11.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 5 0. 6 40.00000 0.2 MB 24. 4 40.00000 0. 20.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 23.00000 0. EXMEM = 568.00000 0. 8.00000 0. 4 2 4 . 22.07224 0.00000 0. 7.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. DISK SPACE = 12.2 IZ 1. 13.00000 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0. 50. ES 3.0/ 3144.00000 0. 50. 2 3 5 . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -90.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 0.34 0.71 -6.00 0.00 90.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 57 .92 -13.81 -117.00 38.00 0.85 297.00 -58.00 -2.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -6.00 0.00 0.29 231.00 0.00 0.62 0.67 0.00 75.00 0.81 117.16 0.00 0.00 0.85 -304.00 0.00 0.00 0.71 6.00 0.62 -75.31 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.00 -231.00 0.07 297.00 4 6 4 6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.29 -75.00 MOM Z 58.00 0.00 0.65 -297.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7 8 7 8 -2.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 7 5 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 75.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 0.00 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -37.50 -37.00 0.Example Problem 6 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.65 -37.00 0.98 0.65 -37.00 3 4 3 4 304.00 0.00 0.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 3 5 3 5 0.00 -13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -241.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -37.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.71 0.00 -38.00 0.50 -37.00 5 6 5 6 286.92 0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 -75.00 0.00 0.31 -3.00 0.07 -286.00 6 8 6 8 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.50 -37.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 -3.71 0.34 0.00 0.34 -2.00 6.00 0.00 75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 2.00 0.65 -297.92 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 241.62 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.00 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 58.00 0.00 -58.34 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.

com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * Europe support@reel.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.co.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.reiusa.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Part I .com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.net * ************************************************************ .uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.Pro.Application Examples 58 Example Problem 6 26.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.

OFFSET connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. 7 This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. 20' 5 6 6 3 4 7" 15' 7" 5 4 6" 3 15' 1 7 2 1 2 59 .Example Problem 7 Example Problem No.

0 0. 3 0.0 0. Since this is a plane structure. 5 0. Semicolon signs (. 15. 30. 2 20. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . 15. MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 Member properties are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table for all members. . the Z coordinates need not be provided. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle.0 -6. 7 1 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 30. .Application Examples 60 Example Problem 7 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 7 END -7. The word ST stands for standard single section.Part I .0 .0 0. 6 20. This allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line.0 0. UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7.) are used as line separators. . . Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.0 5 6 END -7. 0. 4 20. 0. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. JOINT COORD 1 0. 6 5 6 . MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 . UNIT FT KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.0 0.

The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT. .0 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5. UNIT FT PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided. 6 and 7. JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50.Example Problem 7 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. These attributes are applied to members 5. The preceding line causes the results to be written in the length unit of feet. SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. 5 FX 25. The X. LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. 61 . CONSTANT E 29000.

.Part I .Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.

6 20. 21. UNIT FT 28.0 7 END -7.00 0. 24.0 0. MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2.0 0. 4 20. 2.00 0. 4. DISK SPACE = 12. 17.0 5 6 END -7. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.74 10.00 0. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TABLE ST W14X90 5 6 TA ST W12X26 7 TA LD L90408 UNIT INCH MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 7.00 0.0 0. 23. 22.0 CONSTANT E 29000. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.74 13. 30. 11. 26.00 0.49 4 1 4 6 6.40 63 . 15.00 0. . STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0. 5 0.00 0.11 -13.00 0. 2 20.00 111.0 MB. 6 5 6 . 12.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 0. 13. 3.00 0.00 0. 25.22 68. .KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -10.89 0.74 -6.50 4. . 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 .11 0. 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 -84.63 5. 10. 3 0.00 0. 19.76 2 1 2 4 75.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 15. 30.0/ 3144.89 66.00 0.00 0.0 0. 15. 18. 20. .32 -71. 0. 7. 6.00 4. 5 FX 25.00 0. 16.0 -6.43 3 1 3 5 -6. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 50.2 MB 27.00 -5. .00 128.00 0.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.74 6.74 11.00 -75. 8.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0. EXMEM = 568. 9. Intl.74 -4.63 0.00 0. 14. 5.89 -11.

com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.39 -3.55 -64.00 0.63 -75.00 0.56 0.Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.37 6 1 5 6 13.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.66 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.Part I .16 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.reiusa. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.99 3.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.74 6.00 -62.39 -66.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 66.80 -37.11 -6.63 5.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0. PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -80.00 0.co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * ************************************************************ .56 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 75.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 -37.00 0.32 -9.Pro.74 0.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.co.99 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 -4.00 0.66 106.47 7 1 1 4 -106.co.11 -13.co.

Example Problem 7 NOTES 65 .

Part I .Application Examples 66 Example Problem 7 NOTES .

are considered in the design. Y 13 20 7 21 4 11 14 15 8 9 3 1 17 15 18 6 13 10 7 16 16 1 11 8 12 19 2 10 3 X 12 5 14 9 2 4 5 6 X The above example represents a space frame. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No. Two load cases. The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members. and the members are made of concrete. 8 In this example. live and wind load. 67 . Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure.

8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. a . 9 4 8 13 . 2 4 10 . UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 Joint number followed by X.0 IZ 864. 6 11 15 . 2 18 0 0 . IY 2953.0 ZD 16. 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 .0 IZ 5788. 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 0 4 0 0 24 . 15 13 14 17 7 10 . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . Semicolon signs (.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 3 TO 10 PR YD 12. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X.0 ZD 12. 7 3 9 6 12 . 9 7 . 10 12 16 .Part I . All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 14 38 24 0 . 12 0 . 21 14 16 . Y and Z coordinates. IX 1279. 11 18 12 24 . If ZD is not provided. 3 38 0. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 . UNIT KIP FT Specifies the unit to be used.0 IZ 509. IX 6497. 5 18 0 24 . IY 864. 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. 19 20 13 15 . 18 8 11 .Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. IY 509. 3 2 8 5 5 11 . IX 1018. 8 18. 11 13 10 11 14 .

the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. columns. etc.15 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). SELF Y -1. Moments of Inertia. walls and slabs to account for cracking. etc. such as. For this particular example. All properties required for the analysis.4DL + 1.4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1.11. Clause 10.1 of ACI 318-99 offers some guidelines on the amount of reduction to be applied on the gross section moment of inertia for beams. so these will not be re-calculated. Area. 69 .0 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN . Since global Y is vertically upward. The IX. IY.7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. Poisson’s ratio. CONSTANT E 3150.Example Problem 8 circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. moments of inertia (IZ.4 factor. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports. Length unit is changed from INCH to FT to facilitate input for DENsity. LOAD 1 (1. Density. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis.

REPEAT LOAD 1 0. JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction.0 10 FZ 8.Part I .75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2.1 Load 1 contains member loads also.4DL + 1. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT command.7LL + 1.5 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also.Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2. LOAD 2 .5 11 FZ 20. multiply them with a factor of 0. .7WL) Load case 2 is initiated along with an accompanying title.75 (1. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.0 12 FZ 16.75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1.8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5. The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated.

These parameters are described in the manual where American concrete design related information is available. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending. END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design. CODE ACI TRACK 1. shear and torsion.Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2. 71 . MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the #11 bar.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 11 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. Design is performed per the ACI 318 Code. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure. The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information that should appear in the output.

7. 41. 35.Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 22.0 12 FZ 16.0 IZ 5788. 21 14 16 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 12. 14 38 24 0 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 40. 39. 17. 24. 13.0 10 FZ 8. 19 9 12 20 13 15 . 10.1 MB 44. IX 6497. 11 TO 21 PR YD 21. DISK SPACE = 12.0 IZ 864. 36.7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0. 23.4DL + 1. 16. 29. IY 2953. 38.15 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1. 30.0 ZD 16. 15 13 14 . 5 18 0 24 . 26. 8 9 14 9 6 12 . 5. 2. 3 38 0. 11. 4 8 13 5 5 11 . 12. 33.4DL + 1. 8 18 12 0 . 3 TO 10 PR YD 12. 20. 10 12 16 .Part I . 7 3 9 . 3.1 LOAD 2 . 25. IX 1279. 3 2 8 . 15. IY 509. 32. 6 11 15 . 42. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT FT CONSTANT DEN .1/ 40263. 43. 31. 6. 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 .75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 8. 27. 19. 18 8 11 . IX 1018.5 11 FZ 20. 9 38 12 0 10 0 12 24 . 28. Intl. 2 18 0 0 . 34.7LL + 1. 8. IY 864.0 ZD 12. CONSTANT E 3150. 0 4 0 0 24 . 9.75(1. 11 18 12 24 .5 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 5/ 30 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.7LL) SELF Y -1. 2 4 10 .0 IZ 509. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FT JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 15 18 24 24 16 38 24 24 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . 6 38 0 24 7 0 12 0 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4. 16 15 16 17 7 10 . PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 6 60 . 21.8 11 TO 16 UNI Y -5. 18. 14. 37.4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -2. 12 38 12 24 13 18 24 0 .

00 FT.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT.54 83.03 -66.73 -14.71 7.92 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 45.50 15 16 15 16 13.06 -0.00 -0.14 70.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.0085.63 0. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 43.62 INCH | | REQD.84 15. FC .03 -0.89 2.71 97.92 0.00 0.07 1.00/ 2.19 279.90 5.51 -225.31 KIP-FT AT 11.06 0.30 -4.63 -1.72 41.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640.40 24.00 0.01 -106.77 5 11 5 11 289.00 0.01 2.11 -137.80 371.16.10 0 + 2-5/8 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 191.83 0. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 ===================================================================== BEAM NO.61 -0. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 5.73 INCH | | REQD.00 0.92 6.14 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 8050.78 -2.75 -77.45 -4.77 82.88 6 12 6 12 170.69 5.00 1.05 54. ROWMX=0.0214 ROWMN=0. FY .00 X 21.00 0. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.66 -15.19 KIP-FT AT 20.70 0.67 0.49 -3.22 4.07 -0.12 -6.0044.00 -8.67 0. FT. IN. SIZE .81 0. ROW=0. MAXMAIN 11 ALL 50.17 -0.82 -69.08 0.6 15 + 2-1/4 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 106.37 62. CODE ACI 1999 47.62 -0.09 -7. TRACK 1.23 83.54/10.33 14.75/ 5.63 -13. IN.45 2.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10. 14 DESIGN RESULTS .31 IN2.82/ 3.21 -0.00 0.22 84.67 FT.98 -5.0184. ROWMX=0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.41 -0. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 80.78 -53. TRACK 2.09 -3.78 -0.84 inch^4 73 . IN.53 INCH | | REQD.17 2.01 KIP-FT AT 0.0214 ROWMN=0.00 0. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 2-NUM.45 -3.89 -0.22 -10.80 227. FT.20 139.46 -92.67 -14.00 0.55 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 4265.00/ 1.00 0.04 52. START CONCRETE DESIGN 46.00/ 2.48 0.83 89.26 63.09 9.38 IN2.40 92.01 0.78 5.23 -4.00 FT. ROW=0.63 10. ROWMX=0.01 -1.11 0 + 0-0/0 16 + 2-0/0 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 371. ROW=0.00 0.66 73.00FT.83 -0.59 8.4000.59 41.32 -286.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 LEN - 20.98 11 12 11 12 -9.47 -31.20 -25.77 inch^4 3 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM.14 inch^4 2 1 + 6-1/8 4-NUM.08 0.50 IN2.67 14.76 78.0 MEMB 14 48.0 MEMB 16 49.54 105.41 3.KIP FEET MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 68.73 0.33 0.27 -17.09 4.0214 ROWMN=0.61 -0.74 -0.21 0.70 -6. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21.72 -168.60000.03 -0.79 37.

| | | | | | | | | 3#6 H 18.11 KIP Vs= 62. IN.TO 240. |0.50/ 2.00 inch^4 2 1 + 6-3/8 3-NUM. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY .21 KIP Vc= 36.4 17 + 7-1/2 20 + 0-0/0 NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 92.6 0 + 0-0/0 2 + 3-3/4 YES NO |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 105.Vu= 57.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1. ___ 11J____________________ 240.X 21_____________________ 12J____ | | ||=========================================================================|| | 4#11H |18.35 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2640.43 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 6625. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 21. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR. PROVIDE NUM.00/ 2. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-3/4 3-NUM. IN. | | 16#4 C/C 7 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 2#10H | 3.2 IN.Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 B E A M N O.0038. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 53. FT. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 4. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.80 KIP Tu= 0.75/ 5.37 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 2438. 16 DESIGN RESULTS .Part I .0214 ROWMN=0. C/C FOR 102. |3.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION. ROWMX=0.0043.4000. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S .30 INCH | | REQD. ROW=0.16.72 KIP Vc= 36.75 inch^4 .30 INCH | | REQD. ROWMX=0.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10. PROVIDE NUM. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 12. IN. FT.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.X 16.60000.00/ 1.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT . LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1.00 FT.0214 ROWMN=0.14 IN2.0154.00 FT. IN.84 inch^4 3 1 + 6-1/2 6-NUM.46 KIP-FT AT 0.39 KIP-FT AT 10.Vu= 84.82/ 5.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0. SIZE .0214 ROWMN=0.00 X 21. FC .TO |240. IN.00/ 1.4 IN.76 KIP-FT AT 20.50 IN2.30 IN2.TO |194. 20. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |==========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | ooo | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 4#11 | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 7.11 KIP Vs= 31. AT END SUPPORT . ROWMX=0.95 KIP Tu= 0.11 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 320. ROW=0.62 INCH | | REQD.21 KIP-FT Tc= 6.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0. ROW=0.00FT.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.00 FT. C/C FOR 102.|182.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.

000 0.00 16.37/ 0.Example Problem 8 REQUIRED REINF.18/ 34. C/C FOR 102.21 KIP Vs= 15. INCH) 0. 212.71/ 212.00 0.00 1.21 KIP Vs= 13.289/ 1.4 IN.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.66/ 307.323 0.745/ 2.60 KIP Vc= 69.TO 28. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) (FEET) (SQ.33 5.00 0.455/ 4.000 0.33 15.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION.00 KIP-FT LOAD 1 NO STIRRUPS ARE REQUIRED FOR TORSION. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.679/ 4.00 92. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.00 0.00 0.TO 240.000 0. AT END SUPPORT .67 3.76 LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 R E S U L T S . 0.00 0. IN. PROVIDE NUM.000/ 0.000 0. 4 2-LEGGED STIRRUPS AT 9.000/ B E A M N O. 6#4 H 18.33 KIP Vc= 69. 1.00 0.000 0.X 21_____________________ 16J____ | | ||======= =========|| | 3#6|H |18.000 0.00 6.03 KIP-FT Tc= 6.758/ 0.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0. | | 12#4 C/C 9 12#4 C/C 9 | | | 3#11H | 3.00 11. REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED FOR SHEAR.00 0. C/C FOR 102. 0.000 0.000 0.78/ 129.00 0.53 KIP Tu= 0.X 16. IN. | | | | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | | | ooo | | | | | | | | oooooo | | 3#6 | | | | | | | | 6#4 | | | | | | | | | | | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | 3#11 | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | OOO | | | | | | | | | | | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 51.67 18.00/ 16 D E S I G N 105.80/ 275.4 IN.33 20.282/ 3.00 0.67 8.TO 240.34/ 271.Vu= 70. PROVIDE NUM.793/ 3. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 75 .000 1.39/ 309.69/ 138.90/ 218.885/ 1.00/ 23.419/ 0.248/ 4.83 KIP-FT Ts= 0.67 13.158 MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KIP-FEET) 0.33 10.000 0.Vu= 71.00 0. ___ 15J____________________ 240.644/ 2.68/ 320.00 0.000 0.46 0.02 KIP Tu= 0.SHEAR AT START SUPPORT .

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.581 SQ.co. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 .AXIAL + BENDING FY .60000 FC .uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. 2 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 . END CONCRETE DESIGN 53. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.reiusa.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. TIED BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.00 IN STA 0.00 X 12.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.189 SQ.co.Pro.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.12.net * ************************************************************ .015 3 SPACING 2 END 0. IN. SQRE SIZE . CIRC SIZE 12.000 2 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 8.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * Europe support@reel.NUMBER 5 (EQUALLY SPACED) TIE BAR NUMBER 3.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.4000 PSI.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Application Examples 76 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO.co. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------11 .00 INCHES.Part I .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.NUMBER 7 5. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 6.4000 PSI.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. 5 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co.700 8.AXIAL + BENDING FY .00 INCHES DIAMETER AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 3.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.60000 FC .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. IN.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 52.00 IN ==================================================================== COLUMN NO.

Example Problem 8 NOTES 77 .

Application Examples 78 Example Problem 8 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall. Concrete design of an element is performed. 9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates). 79 .

9 38 39 .Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above. Y and Z axes. The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines. The second line forms the title to identify this project. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 . 2 2 11 3 3 34 .25 20 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. 4 34 35 .Part I . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . 6 36 18 7 4 37 .25 0 37 20 3. 8 37 38 . MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 .75 0 36 20 11.75 20 39 20 11. 5 35 36 .

35 16 17 . 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands. 38 26 27 . 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 28 14 18 29 18 23 . the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined. 39 27 28 . Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized. Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. 34 15 16 . In this case. 26 12 13 . 27 13 14 . DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements. 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 .Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 30 23 24 . GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 81 . For some members. 31 24 25 . Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. the points describe the outer edges of a slab and that of a shear wall. In other cases.

the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A. UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT.Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the superelement profiles. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported. . B. For example.5 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 0. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 1 Kip/sq. The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis. MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 1 ft depth and 1 ft width.ft. C and D with 4 elements along the side AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA.5 ft thick. ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. intensity on elements 41 to 72. Length units are changed to inches to facilitate the above input.Part I .

LOAD COMB 3 1 0. START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE ACI DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. 83 .9 times load case 1 and 1. FINI The STAAD run is terminated.9 2 1. Design is done according to the ACI 318 code. 22 and 33.Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -20. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3.3 times load case 2. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions. Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11. 22 FZ -100. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY.3 Load 3 is a combination of 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform a linear elastic analysis is specified above.

55. 8 37 38 . 25. 9 38 39 . 8. 54. 39 27 28 . 9. 13. 21. 50. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 48. 31 24 25 . 62. 20. 35.Part I . 38 26 27 .5 UNIT INCH CONSTANT E 3000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -1. 31. 32.75 0 36 20 11. 30 23 24 . 6. 19. 4 34 35 . 27.Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 41. 10. 33.75 20 39 20 11. 58. 30. 2 0 0 20 REP ALL 2 20 0 0 7 0 15 0 11 0 15 20 12 5 15 0 14 15 15 0 15 5 15 20 17 15 15 20 18 20 15 0 22 20 15 20 23 25 15 0 25 35 15 0 26 25 15 20 28 35 15 20 29 40 15 0 33 40 15 20 34 20 3. 27 13 14 . 38.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD . 63. 49. 39. 51. 40. 15. 14. 24. 16. 56. 7. 43. 59. 47. 34 15 16 . 45. 17.25 0 37 20 3. 35 16 17 . 36. 52.25 20 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 37. 44. 23. 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 11. 34. 5 35 36 . 28. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . 5. 12. Intl. 53. 26 12 13 . 60. 46. 26. 42. 29. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND * FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 . 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 20 33 11 15 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 22. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=20 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=40 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 3. 40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 1 ZD 1 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 0. 4. 18. 61. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2. 57. 6 36 18 7 4 37 .

54 74.41 -57.00 0.84 -1.00 0.21 9.5 ANGLE= ANGLE= 85 .34 -2.54 73.72 -11.18 0.01 0.92 345.24 -239.07 0.81 TMAX= 0.41 20.97 48.72 -22.51 51.0 MB 6 390 69.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 65/ 12/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.08 -25.28 -48.99 -18.16 0.69 -45.53 -10.08 370.35 42.72 -11.41 -57.75 -0.Example Problem 9 64.47 293.83 -1.76 -72.15 40.40 SMIN= -336.18 0.19 366.41 -10.77 82.24 TMAX= SMIN= 241.45 -13.90 -0.21 0.27 13.54 74.21 25.54 326.09 8. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.94 ANGLE= -13.53 299.09 13. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.15 -40.00 0.09 8.29 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 31 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.92 77.54 73. 68.72 331.82 336.28 54.61 82.69 45.03 75.00 -9.98 ANGLE= 50.65 0.00 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY -14.01 -0.7 20. LOAD LIST 1 3 70.03 -0.15 -40.00 0.45 -5.97 11.45 -11.72 0.52 0.61 11.08 22.53 10.00 0.08 57.28 -48. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 9. DISK SPACE = 12.78 326. 66.03 0.29 160.90 11.62 38.01 -0. 11 33 FZ -20.65 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.61 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 72. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= 3 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT 1.03 57.68 SMIN= -370.68 1.68 1.23 3.09 -8.53 -10.0 18.63 366.18 -45.01 0.00 0.00 0. 22 FZ -100.97 234.99 51.07 -0. 67.12 12.59 TMAX= SMIN= 264.09 -8.9 2 1.16 82.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.75 5.15 40.4 1. 65.18 -1.18 0.54 -80.00 0.27 -11.40 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX 0.70 22.56 -38.21 -9.6/ 40263.53 10.61 82.00 0.41 0.59 -266.60 327.56 -0.07 234.00 -75.00 45.28 54.KIP FEET MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0.

00 / / 1 0. / 0 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.83 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN*************************** 76. DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY ---------------------ELEMENT LONG. 1 1 5. START CONCRETE DESIGN 74.197746E+01 47 1 3.com * * Europe support@reel.666784E+02 -3.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Part I .co.IN/FT) MOM-X /LOAD (K-FT/FT) 47 TOP : Longitudinal direction 47 TOP : Transverse direction 47 TOP : 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. 47 47 CASE NO.851 14.IN/FT) MOM-Y /LOAD (K-FT/FT) .com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Only minimum steel required. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. REINF (SQ.net * ************************************************************ .co.562 11.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 9 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3.60 TRANS.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.310845E+02 47 1 3.co.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.Only minimum steel required.00 BOTT: 0. . CODE ACI 75.Pro.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.130 0.reiusa.705869E+02 PLATE NO.705869E+02 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 73. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia. REINF (SQ.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.130 0. END CONCRETE DESIGN 77.

Example Problem 9 NOTES 87 .

Part I .Application Examples 88 Example Problem 9 NOTES .

Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements.Example Problem 10 Example Problem No. Tank Model Deflected Shape 89 . Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements.

20. 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. REPEAT 3 0. 0. 5. Joint number followed by X. 0. 81 5. 0. This is followed by X.Part I . 0. -5. 5 0. 0. 0. UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 . 0. Y and Z coordinate increments. REPEAT 4 0.Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 0. 0. 0. 5. 15. REPEAT 4 -5. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out. 0. 0. 83 5. REPEAT 2 5. REPEAT 4 5.

etc. 91 . ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 8. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above. UNIT INCHES ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 8. up to 76. 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3. No moments will be carried by these supports.Example Problem 10 76 77 78 79 80 86 16 87 88 89 89 21 26 31 36 46 26 31 36 41 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. CONSTANTS E 3000.0 inches THick. 11. 6. UNIT FT LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1. This is explained in detail in Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2.

Part I - Application Examples

92

Example Problem 10

1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
Load case 1 is initiated. It consists of element loads in the form of
uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis on several
elements.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
UNIT INCHES
PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65
The joint displacement values for the listed nodes will be reported
in the output file as a result of the above command.
PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
Two types of results are requested for elements. The first one
requests the nodal point forces in the global axes directions to be
reported for elements 13 and 16. The second one requests element
centroid stresses in the element local axes directions to be reported
for elements 9 and 12. These results will appear in a tabular form
in the output file.
START CONCRETE DESIGN
The above command initiates concrete design.
CODE ACI
DESIGN SLAB 9 12
Slabs (i.e. elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the
reinforcement requirements obtained. In STAAD, elements are
typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of
the element.
END CONCRETE DESIGN
Terminates the concrete design operation.

Example Problem 10

FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

93

Part I - Application Examples

94

Example Problem 10
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STAAD.Pro
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Bld
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK STRUCTURE
UNITS FEET KIPS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. 0. 5 0. 20. 0.
REPEAT 4 5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 4 0. 0. 5.
REPEAT 4 -5. 0. 0.
REPEAT 3 0. 0. -5.
81 5. 0. 5. 83 5. 0. 15.
REPEAT 2 5. 0. 0.
ELEMENT INCIDENCES
1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1
REPEAT 14 4 5
61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1
65 1 6 81 76
66 76 81 82 71
67 71 82 83 66
68 66 83 56 61
69 6 11 84 81
70 81 84 85 82
71 82 85 86 83
72 83 86 51 56
73 11 16 87 84
74 84 87 88 85
75 85 88 89 86
76 86 89 46 51
77 16 21 26 87
78 87 26 31 88
79 88 31 36 89
80 89 36 41 46
UNIT INCHES
ELEMENT PROPERTIES
1 TO 80 TH 8.0
CONSTANTS
E 3000. ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
SUPPORT
1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED
UNIT FT
LOAD 1
ELEMENT LOAD
4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 1.
3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 2.
2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 3.
1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 4.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
-----------------------------------

NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
89/
80/
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
80/
17/
108 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
58 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
13.0/ 40263.8 MB

47. UNIT INCHES
48. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65

25
534

Example Problem 10
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
-----------------JOINT

LOAD

5
25
45
65

X-TRANS

1
1
1
1

Y-TRANS

-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401
-0.00401

0.00025
0.00025
0.00025
0.00025

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS

X-ROTAN

-0.00401
-0.00401
0.00401
0.00401

0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021
-0.00021

Y-ROTAN
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000

Z-ROTAN
-0.00021
0.00021
0.00021
-0.00021

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
49. PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 13 16
ELEMENT FORCES
--------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

GLOBAL CORNER FORCES
JOINT
FX
FY

16
17
22
21

FZ

MX

MY

MZ

ELE.NO.
13 FOR LOAD CASE
1
-2.3394E+01 -1.8177E+01 -3.6992E+00 -1.2206E+02 2.3406E+02 1.3494E+02
-7.8087E+00 -1.4952E+01 -1.7358E+01 -6.9992E+01 -2.7701E+01 -2.2052E+02
4.0938E+01 5.9769E+00 1.8117E+01 -1.5118E+02 5.5766E+02 2.6685E+02
-9.7352E+00 2.7152E+01 2.9396E+00 2.9766E+02 4.9940E+02 -1.8126E+02

ELE.NO.
16 FOR LOAD CASE
1
19 -3.7545E+01 3.4661E+00 -2.8314E+01 -2.3962E+02
20 -3.6485E+01 5.3807E-01 -2.7070E+01 2.5526E+02
25 3.2481E+01 1.2152E-06 2.6231E+01 -4.9113E+02
24 4.1549E+01 -4.0042E+00 2.9153E+01 5.2581E+02

1.9504E+02 2.4379E+02
2.1809E+02 -4.0256E+02
1.4410E+03 4.9113E+02
1.4689E+03 -3.3236E+02

50. PRINT ELEM STRESS LIST 9 12
ELEMENT STRESSES
----------------

FORCE,LENGTH UNITS= KIPS INCH

STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK, MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH
ELEMENT

LOAD

SQX
VONT
TRESCAT

1

0.15
1.32
1.53
0.82
0.72

0.01
1.18
1.36
SMIN=
SMIN=

-0.02
2.05
2.05
2.04
0.01

-0.04
1.72
1.72
SMIN=
SMIN=

9

TOP :
BOTT:
12

SMAX=
SMAX=
1

TOP :
BOTT:

SMAX=
SMAX=

SQY
VONB
TRESCAB

MX
SX

MY
SY

MXY
SXY

-5.45
0.02

5.60
0.08

5.38
0.03

-0.71
-0.64

TMAX=
TMAX=

-0.09
0.00
-0.01
-1.72

TMAX=
TMAX=

0.76
0.68

ANGLE= -22.1
ANGLE= -22.2

20.05
0.16
1.03
0.86

-0.22
-0.01
ANGLE=
ANGLE=

0.8
0.5

**** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES ****
MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
PRINCIPAL
PRINCIPAL
SHEAR
VONMISES
TRESCA
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
STRESS
2.044089E+00 -1.715872E+00
PLATE NO.
12
12
CASE NO.
1
1

1.027224E+00
12
1

2.049288E+00
12
1

********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES********************

51. START CONCRETE DESIGN

2.054448E+00
12
1

95

Part I - Application Examples

96

Example Problem 10
52. CODE ACI
53. DESIGN SLAB 9 12
ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY
---------------------ELEMENT

LONG. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-X /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

9 TOP : Longitudinal direction
9 BOTT: Transverse direction
9 TOP :
0.173
0.00
BOTT:
0.176
5.45
12
12
12
12

TRANS. REINF
(SQ.IN/FT)

MOM-Y /LOAD
(K-FT/FT)

- Only minimum steel required.
- Only minimum steel required.
/
0
0.196
5.60 /
/
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

TOP : Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Longitudinal direction - Only minimum steel required.
BOTT: Transverse direction
- Only minimum steel required.
TOP :
0.173
0.00 /
0
0.749
20.05 /
BOTT:
0.173
0.09 /
1
0.173
0.00 /

1
0

***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN***************************
54. END CONCRETE DESIGN
55. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

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Example Problem 10

NOTES

97

Part I - Application Examples

98

Example Problem 10

NOTES

5 k 7.0 1.5 k 5. The combined results are then used for steel design. 11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.0 k k/ft 3 4 5 1 10' 2 1 2 20' 99 .Example Problem 11 Example Problem No. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. 5 6 6 3 4 10' 5.

SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. in this case.Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. the Z coordinates are all the same. 6 20 20 0 Joint number followed by X. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .Part I .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 . 2 2 4 . MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 Properties for all members are assigned from the American (AISC) steel table. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . UNIT FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. Semicolon signs (. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Since this is a plane structure. zeros. The word ST stands for standard single section. 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 . 3 3 5 . .

0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case. The factor of –1.0 14.000283 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity).5 10. Length unit is changed from FT to INCH to facilitate the input.0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. SELFWEIGHT Y -1.5 Load 1 contains member loads also and they are applied on members 5 and 6.0 5 CON GY -5.0 6. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y 101 .Example Problem 11 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. hence downwards. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0.0 5 CON GY -7. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5.0 5 6 UNI Y -1. the length unit is changed to FEET for specifying distributed member loads. Prior to this. this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. Without the above command. A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.

Part I . This will be a dynamic load case.0 5 CON GY 7.0 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating. The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions.0 14. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load.0 14.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix.0 5 CON GX 5.5 10. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign).5 10.0 5 CON GY 5. GX and GY indicate that the load. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5. Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 direction while Y indicates local Y direction. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X. In a PLANE frame.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. the program converts these loads to masses. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case. GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution.0 6. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title. the direction (X. SELFWEIGHT X 1. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads. Z etc. and hence the . only X and Y directions need to be considered. Y.0 5 CON GY 5. Also.0 6.0 5 CON GX 7. Internally. In a SPACE frame. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD.

4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2).80 0. Concentrated forces of 5.5. Load combination case no. is capable of vibration along the global X and Y directions. The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations. and hence are absolute numbers. Load combination case no.05 (5%) and a scale factor of 32. Damping ratio of 0.05 SCALE 32. In both cases. 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2).).75 2 -0. and 5 kips are located at 6ft.95 . 10ft and 14ft from the start of member 5.75 In a response spectrum analysis. 0.2 2. 1.Example Problem 11 resulting mass.0 ACC DAMP 0. it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases.80 . the result is factored by 0. The word CON stands for concentrated load. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1.00 .0. to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative.2 0. 0. 103 .03 1. the spectrum data is given as period vs. ABS method. acceleration.75. LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.5 2. Consequently. Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement).1 1.75 2 0.60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method.05 1.35 0. etc. The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines.2 are used.0 1. That is what is being done above. the sign of the forces cannot be determined. 7.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. SPECTRUM CQC X 1.

. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the American Code. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements.Part I . The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations. Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1.Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.

0 5 CON GY 5. 9.0 ACC DAMP 0. 33.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 9 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 5 CON GY -5.0 14.0 5 CON GX 7. 12. 48. 3.0 5 CON GY 7. 29. 24.0 6. 31.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 2 2 4 .75 2 0.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -5. 0. 38. 44. 13. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 40.2 0. 37.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8.1 1. 6. 7.05 SCALE 32. Intl.Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .03 1. 14.0 5 CON GY -7.5 10.0 5 CON GY 5. 16. 19. 50.0 5 6 UNI Y -1. 43. 17.05 1. 5.000283 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 *LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT FEET LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 39. 35. 4. 32. 42.7 MB 2 12 105 .75 2 -0. 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 4 TA ST W10X33 5 TA ST W12X40 6 TA ST W8X40 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.35 0.2 2. 0. 15. 1. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . 22.5 10. 23. 34. 6 20 20 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .0 5 CON GX 5. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 30. 21.5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD.95 . 45. 28. 11. 2 20 0 0 3 0 10 0 . 49.0 14.0 6.0 1.0 6. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1. 3 3 5 . 46. DISK SPACE = 12. 51.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 5.0/ 40263. 2. 20. 10.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0. 41.5 2. 36.5 10.80 . 27.00 . 4 20 10 0 5 0 20 0 .80 0.0 SPECTRUM CQC X 1. 47. 25. 26.0 14. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. 18.

00 0.606E-03 -7.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00000 0. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.000E+00 0.00361 -0.00 0.457E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.000E+00 -3.63 0.000E+00 0. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 3 PERIOD(SEC) 47.000E+00 0.952E-13 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00000 0.008538E+01 2.000E+00 0.000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL 0.834 99.00000 0.63 0.000E+00 0.00361 0.80226 1.00000 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.288 ACCURACY 0.00 55.00516 -0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.404E-10 3.00 98.000E+00 0.00780 0.Application Examples 106 Example Problem 11 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 8 2 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 4.67341 0.00000 0.00000 0.008538E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 2.000 0.135E-03 -7.135E-03 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.00000 1.35 0.00 0.457E-03 -1.000E+00 0.67341 1.02095 3.000E+00 0.008528E+01 3.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.463E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.00000 0.83 1.00000 0.08809 -0.000 0.05000 0.48795 DAMPING ------0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0. To use these frequencies.00000 0.00000 1.63 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00780 -0.000E+00 0.724 ACCURACY 0.00 --------------------------55.06140 7.000E+00 0.05000 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.000E+00 0.488 16.08809 1.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.22280 0. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 2.00 0.00308 -0.000E+00 0.63 0.008538E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -9.000E+00 -2.00308 0.00000 0.348E-03 -1.98 0.00000 -0.000E+00 0. These are for information only and will not be used.00 0.000 0.00 .00 55.465498E-05 -2.606E-03 -2.000E+00 0.00 55.00000 0.000000E+00 KIPS SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KIPS -----------------X Y Z 55.00000 0.00000 0.348E-03 -3.999 0.00516 0.00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.988866E-34 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.Part I .00 0.000000E+00 KIPS 0.17 0.000000E+00 KIPS 0.

30 161.00313 1.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.12 -131.00 0.00248 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00651 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.21 -39.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00246 0.61 -40.00 14.00000 0.70 -19.02303 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 -44.00000 0.00 0.98061 -0.34 4.28 40.11 -50.00 0.00000 -0.00284 0.00 0.88 -31.00000 0.00 0.00651 0.00000 0.35 -8.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIPS FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 2 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 4.00 0.01251 -0.00150 1.00831 -0.44 -4.00 0.30898 0.28 0.06 14.00000 0.00 0.00701 -0.00000 0.46030 0.00000 0.16 -35.00 0.40 13.00000 0.00 0.75 10.00 0.28 17.88 14.00 0.00000 0.61 -40.00000 0.00 0.00248 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.45 4.00 0.00 0.81 17.00302 -0.35 116.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.29 -31.30 161.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00701 -0.00000 0.00 0.06 40.00000 0.00000 0.44 -17.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.81 17.98286 -0.00 0.00 0.00397 0.00029 -0.79 110.61 40.00 0.00000 0.02370 0.56 -4.30 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00000 0.29 161.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.12 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 15.00 0.06 40.00 0.35 110.00000 0.44 0.34 -8.98061 0.00150 1.00000 0.00000 0.36 19.00599 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 131.00000 0.00 0.01706 0.84 2.00000 0.81 27.00000 0.56 27.01251 -0.00000 0.00 0.46030 -1.45561 -1.00 0.94394 1.00000 0.40 2.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.81 27.00 0.92 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00674 0.01729 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.36 19.00 0.00000 0.00 -13.00 0.00302 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 19.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.44 24.00000 0.00831 -0.00284 0.79 131.00000 0.61 0.28 2.30 -131.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 -111.00 0.00674 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.56 27.00 0.00000 0.28 -4.00 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30898 0.00 0.00000 0.30 -64.44 -24.00029 MOM Z -14.06 40.KIPS FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 40.02370 0.00 0.00397 -0.40 2.01706 0.00000 0.56 27.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.28 -17.81 24.56 27.00000 0.00 0.00 0.56 4.98286 0.00000 0.59 -9.00246 0.00000 0.81 24.73 14.30 64.00 0.73 111.01729 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.02303 -0.00000 0.00 0.35 116. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 0.00 0.00 0.06 14.28 -24.00000 0.00599 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.92 8.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.28 -44.00 0.21 14.00000 0.00000 0.73 -15.29 161.00 0.94394 1.00000 0.70 -19.00000 0.00 0.00 0.45561 -0.99 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 107 .28 -17.84 8.00 0.44 -24.70 19.00 0.54 23.00 0.29 31.00 0.00313 1.21 -39.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.07 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 40.00000 0.Example Problem 11 52.10 2.73 -110.00000 0.07 -110.00 0.06 40.45 -4.21 14.00 0.88 14.00000 0.00000 0.31 -15.00000 0.

34 -4.31 15.88 35.00 0.00 0.00 75.39 2.77 26.00 3 0.10 2.15 11.28 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.99 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.00 0.00 0.34 0.46 115.76 0.00 0.35 8.00 0.21 3.00 0.00 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.899 0.75 C PASS 3.88 50.10 -44.00 0.99 -15.46 143.00 6.00 -3.84 0.63 -6.28 44.00 0.00 0.28 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 13.Part I .00 0.00 131.00 0.833 0.00 3 10.00 0.00 -13.00 0.00 0.11 50.99 4 0.00 0.00 0.39 13.00 .00 50.00 44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.91 -143.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.21 3.00 0.40 2.H1-3 0.28 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 8.70 C 3 ST W12X30 PASS 13.00 0.00 0.55 26.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.28 2.00 0.61 C 2 ST W21X48 PASS 40.00 143.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.40 2.H1-3 0.59 -9.00 0.H1-3 0.21 24.45 9.00 0.58 -75.21 -3.942 0.00 0.KIPS FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W21X48 PASS 19.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 11.16 -50.77 9.45 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.00 -50.H2-1 0.00 0.992 0.16 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -4.84 -8.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .35 C 4 ST W12X26 5 ST W14X61 6 ST W8X35 PASS 9.00 0.00 0.91 -29.00 0.H1-3 0.73 -15.73 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.28 4.00 44.63 -6.00 0.92 4.00 0.28 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE AISC SELECT ALL STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.H1-2 0.KIPS FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 15. 55.10 23.58 115.40 15.966 0.00 0.28 29.63 6.15 24.99 31.00 3 0.21 T PASS 6.00 0.99 (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.84 -8.54 23.00 0.00 0.40 2.16 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 C (AISC SECTIONS) AISC.00 0.76 9.00 4 10.00 0.00 0.75 10.00 0.00 0.00 0. 54.00 -131.872 0.34 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 15.92 -8.84 2.00 0.88 23.00 0.34 9.00 0.00 0.

com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. FROM THE UPPER MENU.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Pro. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Europe support@reel. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. UPDATE PROPERTIES.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. PRESS RESULTS. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.co.reiusa. THEN FILE SAVE.net * ************************************************************ 109 .jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.Example Problem 11 57.co. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.co.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.

Part I .Application Examples 110 Example Problem 11 NOTES .

The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure.Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. 5' X 3 41 42 Z 30' 111 . 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. During this process. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. To avoid looking into a lot of output. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck.

the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated. With the repeat (R) command. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 Joint number followed by X. . UNITS FEET KIPS Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.0 & 30 respectively. The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member number increment and joint number increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively. the Y coordinates are given as all zeros. Since this is a floor structure.Part I . The first line generates joints 1 through 6. The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Y and Z increments of 0.

3 axles ( 20 20 10) are specified with the LOAD command. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000.283E-3 ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). The word ST stands for standard single section. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command. LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit. 113 . Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from FT to INCH. The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation. 10. 5.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in FEET and KIP units. that is. UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20. WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction.Example Problem 12 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 Member properties are assigned from the American AISC table for all members. such as a truck. 20. DISTANCE 10. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces. WIDTH 10.

For the first of these load cases. If we want the vehicle to move forward in 15 feet increments (each 15 foot increment will create a discrete position of the truck on the bridge). The basis for determining the number of load cases to generate is as follows: As seen in Section 5.1 of the Technical Reference manual. . The Z Increment of 10ft denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 10ft apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases. the X. LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7.Application Examples 114 Example Problem 12 SELF Y -1.31. In this problem. that comes to (10+5) + 150 = 165 feet. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5. 0. the total distance travelled by the reference load will be the length of the vehicle (distance from first axle to last axle) plus the span of the bridge.0 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1.5 0. The last load case should be the one for which the last axle is just about to exit the bridge. 10 ft increments have been used. it would required 165/15+1 = 12 cases to be generated. This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation. and 10 cases generated.1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1. the reference wheel is on the last axle. ZI 10.Part I . Thus. As this example is for demonstration purposes only. The first load case which is generated will be the one for which the first axle is just about to enter the bridge.0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1. 10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier.31.

Example Problem 12 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 115 . PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file.

5 0. 12.00 15.50 10. 10. 16.UNIT KIP MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -20.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 96 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 3 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.283E-3 ALL UNIT FEET KIP DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 20.000 -20. 2. DISK SPACE = 12.00 15. 18.000 -5. 20.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2. Intl. 15. 11. 7. 10.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 24. 5. 22. 3. 20.00 15.00 10. 23.000 -10. 25. 9.000 -10. 4. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.000 -5. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 0.000 -10. DISTANCE 10. 14. 17.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 27.000 -5.Application Examples 116 Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 13. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 6/ 6/ 21 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11. 19. 26. 27. EXMEM = 568.000 -10.00 10. 0.00 LIN1 LIN2 .2/ 3143.278 KIP LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD .Part I . 5.50 2.0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 7.000 -5. 8. 21.7 MB. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS FEET KIPS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 25 0 0 R 5 0 0 30 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 60 TA ST W12X26 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. WIDTH 10. 6.00 10.00 15. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. ZI 10.

00 15.000 -5.000 -5.00 25.UNIT KIP MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.00 10.00 5.000 -5.00 2.000 -5.000 -20.00 20.000 -5.00 10.000 -5.00 15.000 -5.00 10.000 L 117 .00 25.50 5.000 -10.000 -10.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 CON -20.00 5.000 -5.00 10.000 -5.00 20.00 20.00 25.000 -10.00 20.000 -5.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.000 -5.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.000 -10.000 -10.00 25.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 CON -10.00 20.00 10.000 -10.00 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 10.00 20.50 2.000 -10.000 -5.00 25.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.00 5.00 25.000 -10.000 -10.000 -20.000 -10.00 20.000 -10.000 L LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 CON -10.000 -10.000 -5.00 15.00 20.00 10.000 -10.50 2.00 20.00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.00 25.000 -10.50 10.000 -20.00 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -10.000 -5.00 20.000 -10.000 -10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.000 -10.00 15.00 10.000 -5.00 20.Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 25.00 10.000 -10.

000 -5.00 20.00 10.00 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -10.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 2.00 5.000 -5.000 -20.00 5.00 20.00 20.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 20.000 -5.000 -20.00 25.000 -5.00 20.00 20.000 -10.000 -5.000 -20.00 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 CON -10.000 -10.00 20.50 5.00 2.00 10.00 20.000 -5.00 25.00 15.000 -10.00 5.000 -10.000 -10.00 20.000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -20.000 -20.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.000 L .00 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 20.00 5.000 -5.00 5.000 -5.000 -10.00 15.00 15.00 20.50 10.000 -5.UNIT KIP MEMBER 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 UDL L1 FEET L2 CON -10.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.000 -10.000 -5.000 -10.50 2.50 2.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 FEET L2 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 CON -10.000 -20.000 -10.00 5.Application Examples 118 Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .000 -5.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 10.00 20.50 2.000 -5.000 -5.Part I .50 5.00 10.00 15.00 10.000 -10.00 10.00 2.00 10.000 -10.000 -10.00 25.00 25.

00 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 28.co.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 -4.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 15.00 15.000 -10.000 -5.000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.50 10.00 15. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 1 0.00 5.000 -10.33 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * Europe support@reel.08 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.00 10.00 1 0.89 0.00 -6.00 11 0.00 -109.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.97 0.000 -5.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 29.00 10 1 11 11 6.00 5.00 0.00 30.00 0.06 0.reiusa.90 0.80 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.50 5.000 -5.00 3 1 3 11 0.08 0.00 0.00 5.000 -10.00 -373.net * ************************************************************ 119 .00 0.00 11 0.00 10.00 1 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.000 -10.00 30.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.06 0.00 10.Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 5.00 0. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KIP FEET MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN 42 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD 18.00 5.00 4 1 5 11 16.02 0.000 -5.80 0.00 30.co.00 30.00 0.00 2.00 5.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Pro.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= LD **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.000 -20.50 2.co.00 5.03 0.00 1 1 1 11 6.00 5.00 5.00 15.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL FEET L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -20.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 5 1 10 11 FX DIST 0.00 -99.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 -0.00 5 1 10 11 0.

Application Examples 120 Example Problem 12 NOTES .Part I .

13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example.Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. Y 3. 121 . The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends and several intermediate points of the members.0 k 2 2 3 1 3 1 4 X The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure.0 k/ft 5.

The word ST stands for standard single section.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL In the above lines. . 0. 4 20. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 2 2 3 . Joint number followed by X. UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. . 3 20. Since this is a plane structure. the Z coordinates need not be provided. 15. Semicolon signs (. and Y coordinates are provided above. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 15. 0. material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from FT to INCH.) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 Properties for all members are assigned from the American AISC steel table.Application Examples 122 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.Part I . . 2 0.

PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. At joint 4.0 Load 1 contains member loads also. * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE * POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS). PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory. JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED . Load 1 contains a joint load of 5 kips at node 2. 123 . all three translations are restrained. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3. THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS * UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH * POINTS. UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated along with an accompanying title. 4 PINNED Joint 1 is restrained for all six degrees of freedom.

* PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT The above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.Application Examples 124 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED. .Part I .

6.00 0.63 4. 21. 0.00 0.63 -32.3 MB. 26.0/ 3143.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11. 5. .00 60. 3.88 2 1 2 3 4.37 32. 15. 15. 15.00 7. EXMEM = 568. * * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAMND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELVETH INTERMEDIATE POINTS (THAT IS TOTAL 13 POINTS).63 0. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.2 MB 23. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -3.00 0. 4.88 -60. 8.00 0. . 27. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 0. 19.39 3 1 3 4 32. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.03 0. 2.00 0. .Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED .39 0. 125 .03 27.00 0. 12. 4 PINNED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 5.00 0. 25.00 22. 3 20.00 0.00 0. 3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 3 TABLE ST W8X18 2 TABLE ST W12X26 UNIT INCHES CONSTANTS E 29000. 17.03 -4. 4 20. 22. 10. 16. 9.97 -0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 27.00 0. 28. THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (THAT IS UNDEFLECTED) OF CORRESPONDING TWELVETH POINTS.03 -4.00 0.49 -7.00 0.00 0. 29. 7. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 18.00 0. 14. Intl. 2 2 3 . 20. 2 0.97 0.37 -27. 30.37 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 13.

0000 182 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.9122 DISP = AT -0.00 0.0160 -0.6480 LOAD -0.0000 0.2856 -0.0096 -0.9147 1.0000 0.0000 0.co.co.2539 0.0000 0.3303 L/DISP= -0. 33.0081 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0225 -0.9140 1.0289 -0.9136 1.0720 2.9544 1.0000 90.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.0135 -0.0064 0.9158 1.31688 1.Pro.0010 -1.9165 1. 34. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.0000 0.9143 1.0000 437 0.2067 -1.0173 0.0822 1.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0.0000 0.0242 -0.5474 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 214 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** 38.0162 -0.reiusa.5471 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.0000 0.0128 -0.0188 -0.3398 LOAD L/DISP= -0.0000 0.7736 1.7221 -1.0108 -0.0000 0.0000 0. 35.0353 -0.0000 0.0000 DISP = 0.1486 2.1331 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. * THIS VALUE IS MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE STRAIGHT * LINE JOINING START AND END JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.0269 -0.3882 0.0000 0.9162 1.0032 1 L/DISP= 0.0321 -0.0385 1.0000 0.0323 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.9890 0.0000 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.0000 0.1538 1.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.3903 -1.com * * Europe support@reel.0000 0.0054 -0.0000 0.0000 0.9133 1.0215 -0.0296 1 1.0000 0.co.Y.1461 0.1494 1.0192 -0.9129 1.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.6719 0.0000 0.0000 75. 36.9151 1. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. THE LOCATION * OF THE MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.0323 AT -0. 37.7290 1.9154 1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9122 2.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.9165 DISP = 0.0000 0.0000 120.9082 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0385 -0.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 13 31.41111 1.0027 -0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0666 0.Part I .net * * * * North America support@reiusa.2833 0. 32.6316 -0.co.0000 0.0000 0.0257 -0.83895 AT 0.9318 1.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.0000 0.3931 1.3260 -1.9125 LOAD 1 2.0000 0.3523 -1.net * ************************************************************ .

Example Problem 13 NOTES 127 .

Part I .Application Examples 128 Example Problem 13 NOTES .

14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads.Example Problem 14 Example Problem No. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 129 . A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously.

the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136. Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here.Part I . this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 10 feet for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16. First. UNIT FEET KIP Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow.Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced. A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 . Then. Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112. The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 The X. the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.

Finally. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in American (AISC) steel table. 131 . The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands.5 CT 0. CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1.Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints. the default built-in values are used.2 I 1. Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor. members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified. The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2.25 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads. UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.

LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. Member weights are not shown in this example. joint weights and/or member weights. Along with the UBC load.25 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of load case number. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. In other words.25 In load case 2. Vertical loads too are part of this case.Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 Importance factor. the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc. deadweight and other vertical loads are also added to the same load case. PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report in the output file of all the applied and generated loadings.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. . Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis. it is important that we add horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case. the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated.Part I .0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS. and.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied.

Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory. 133 .

25 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0.5 49 TO 64 FY -1.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 31. 2. 26. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 30 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 10 REPEAT ALL 3 0 10 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 15 ZD 15 301 TO 348 TA ST W18X35 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED UNIT FEET DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. 6. 24.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 15. 7. 13.Part I . 18. 48. 5. 8. 29. 4.5 49 TO 64 FY -1. 34.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 9. 25. 36. 53. 38. 21. 17. 12. 30. 11. 47. 16.25 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -2. 43. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. Intl. 41.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 2. 3.25 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA . 28. 44. 40.5 CT 0. 51. 46. 42. 49. 39. 45. 37. 10.Application Examples 134 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 23. 22. 52.5 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 1. 19. 33. 35.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.2 I 1. 50. 32. 14. 20. 27.

25 -1.00 0.00 0.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.4/ 3143.00 0.25 -1.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 23 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -1.00 0.2 MB LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 14 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 16/ 14/ 78 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 135 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.3 MB.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. EXMEM = 568.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.000 * * C = 2.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.252 Tuser = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.53 = 17.25 -1.00 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.000 * * C = 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 X 285.00 0.410 Tb = 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7500.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.410 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 X 285.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 = 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .25 -1.988 Tuser = 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.UNIT KIP 185.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.529 KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.50 -2.50 -2.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.45 KIP * * * *********************************************************** .00 0.00 0.7500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -1.00 0.50 -2.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

000 0.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.364 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.357 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.357 0.125 0.307 0.307 0.000 AT LEVEL 20.307 0.000 0.154 0.364 0.000 0.307 0.125 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.456 0.182 0.000 0.000 FEET FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.273 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 1 0.719 137 .273 0.442 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.442 0.000 ----------0.154 0.000 0.442 0.364 0.750 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.125 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.307 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.357 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.000 0.000 FEET 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.273 0.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.000 0.000 0.154 0.357 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.182 0.250 0.357 0.154 0.000 0.154 0.154 0.000 0.182 0.357 0.250 0.442 0.364 0.182 0.000 0.307 0.

000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.154 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.273 ----------TOTAL = 5.125 ----------TOTAL = 2.000 AT LEVEL 20.000 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.182 0.000 0.307 0.719 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .154 0.000 0.357 0.357 0.000 0.456 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.273 0.307 0.182 0.000 0.000 0.273 0.000 ----------0.182 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.125 0.125 0.250 0.000 0.357 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.357 0.Part I .000 FEET 0.364 0.442 0.000 0.000 FEET FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.154 0.000 0.182 0.364 0.000 0.250 0.307 0.000 0.000 0.307 0.000 0.364 0.000 0.154 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 30.000 0.442 0.442 0.750 0.442 0.154 0.000 0.154 0.250 ----------TOTAL = 4.000 0.000 0.357 0.000 0.125 0.000 0.364 0.357 0.307 0.273 0.000 0.912 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KIP -FEET) FACTOR --------- 2 0.307 0.307 0.000 0.000 ----------0.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KIP ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.000 0.000 ----------0.

00 0.33 0.02 5.69 16.37 -0.44 -0.00 -0.34 -0.00 0.33 5.11 -0.11 -0.51 15.01 -4.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.02 5.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -0.82 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.69 20.00 0.24 0.00 0.88 20.com * * Europe support@reel.33 5.02 5.95 17.00 0.33 -0.00 0.80 0.05 -4.00 4.net * ************************************************************ 139 .00 0.33 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 55.82 0.01 -0.01 -4.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.38 0.83 -0.80 0.83 0.00 -0.01 -0.02 5.02 0.05 11.61 0.41 21.01 -4.05 -4.24 -0.01 -0.37 0.59 17.62 17.00 0.Example Problem 14 54.00 0.52 21.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 -0.01 -4.01 -0.61 0.02 5.01 -0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.11 -0.01 -4.10 0.00 0.01 -0.05 -4.44 -0.00 0.05 -4.24 0.33 5.00 -0.36 -0.59 16.10 19.05 16.62 19.00 0.80 0.76 20.95 15.00 0.31 19.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.01 -0.30 0.01 -0.00 0.15 17.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.00 -0.00 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.01 -0.33 4.82 0.11 12.83 0.co.69 22.01 -0.00 0.82 0.reiusa.15 0.01 -0.95 22.00 0.82 -0.90 0.37 0.91 0.36 19.38 0.10 14.51 17.11 -0.88 21.co.93 -0.37 0.90 0.76 21.80 0.02 5.82 -0.24 0.33 -0.82 -0.00 0.00 0.83 -0.01 -0.25 -0.00 0.30 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.11 -0.01 -4.38 -0.41 16.31 17.00 -0.11 -0.00 0.92 -0.01 -0.36 14.02 0.01 -0.38 -0.05 -4.91 0.83 0.82 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.05 -4.00 0.92 -0.34 -0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.83 -0.62 0.00 0.33 4.05 -4.36 -0.33 5.69 11.01 -0.38 0.01 -4.05 -4.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.01 -0.33 4.33 -0.00 0.10 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.52 12.62 0.00 0.82 0.82 -0.00 0.95 20.00 0.38 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.01 -4.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.co.25 -0.02 5.Pro.93 -0.02 5.11 -0.

Application Examples 140 Example Problem 14 NOTES .Part I .

17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 141 .Example Problem 15 Example Problem No. 15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.

29 10 13 . Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 12 ft. UNIT FEET KIP The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used for data to follow. 35 21 23 .Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X.WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem. 36 19 24 . The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame. 28 12 14 . Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs. 33 20 22 . 34 18 21 . 30 13 15 . MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 .Part I . Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD. 31 11 16 32 17 20 .

Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities.90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0. the default values have been used.1 0.85 JOINT 17 20 22 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading. the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints. SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can 143 . Three different sections have been used. In this case. UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0. or pressure loads on plates. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties. distributed loads on members. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in American (AISC) steel table.

Part I .1 Kips/sq.2 .9 12.15 Kips/sq. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification.0 21. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.0 10. In the EXPOSURE factor specification. The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here.25 XRANGE 10. WIND loading TYPE 1.1 FLOAD -0. LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12 FT AND 24 FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11.1 FLOAD -0.0 20.). ft and 0.0 ZRANGE 0. 20 and 22. In this example. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases. In this case.1 FLOAD -0. This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input.13 ft. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system.9 12. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0. The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command. and converts them to values that can then be used as concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases. In this case. two different exposure factors are specified. The input specification is done in two stages. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure.9 24. ft) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 12 ft. defined previously.Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 11 ft. and 12 to 24 ft.25 . . two different wind intensities (0.0 20.85 for joints 17.0 ZRANGE 0.0 YRANGE 11. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1.45 XRANGE 0.0 YRANGE 23.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation. is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction.

XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting.0 ft. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification. ft in the negative global Y direction. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces and distributed forces on the members located in that region.45 Kip/sq.9-12.45 signifies that the pressure is 0. 145 .1 ft. In a floor load generation. The YRANGE. The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure.0 ft and ZRANGE of 0. For example.0-20.0-10. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. a floor load generation is performed. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 11. The -0. The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution.Example Problem 15 In load case 2 in this problem. XRANGE of 0.

Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 1. 9. 2. 13. 33 20 22 . 28.1 MB. 21. 6. 10.9 12. 25.25 XRANGE 10. 41.85 JOINT 17 20 22 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. 36 19 24 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 16 TA ST W21X50 17 TO 26 TA ST W18X35 27 TO 36 TA ST W14X90 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ UNIT FEET DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 0. EXMEM = 568.0 10. 26. 19. 31. 29. 22.0 ZRANGE 0. 34.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 32. 30.1 FLOAD -0.45 XRANGE 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD SPACE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 10 0 0 3 21 0 0 4 0 0 10 5 10 0 10 6 0 0 20 7 10 0 20 8 21 0 20 REPEAT ALL 2 0 12 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 . 4. 5. 28 12 14 . 37. 20. 29 10 13 .0 YRANGE 11. 39. 49. 46. 35 21 23 . 3. 31 11 16 32 17 20 . **************************************************** * * * STAAD. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 7 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 34 18 21 . 48.1 FLOAD -0.0 20. 7.90 YRANGE 11 13 EXPOSURE 0.9 12.15 HEIGHT 12 24 EXPOSURE 0. 35. 42. 30 13 15 .2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 11. 11.1 FLOAD -0. 44.0 ZRANGE 0. 15. 12.0 YRANGE 23. 47.9 24. 33. 17.1/ 3143. 43.Part I . 14. 24. Intl.0 20. 36.25 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 45. 50.1 0. 18. 8. 40. 27. 16. 38. 23.2 MB .0 21. DISK SPACE = 12.

20 2.00 0.UNIT KIP FEET JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 3.10 16.45 4.00 0.791 -0.00 0.59 0.439 -0.00 0.58 2.82 3.00 0.318 -1.97 1.967 -1.58 0.31 5.69 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 9.615 -0.18 4.318 -1.791 -0.00 0.318 -1.60 8.93 6.439 -0.264 -0.00 0.143 -1.55 7.264 -0.00 0.00 0.088 -0.264 -0.967 -0.Example Problem 15 LOADING 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION ----------JOINT LOAD .42 0.088 -0.318 -1.088 -0.791 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 0.143 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.967 -0.03 9.42 9.264 -0.00 0.97 1.82 3.439 -0.93 6.439 -0.967 -1.00 0.58 2.00 0.088 -0.03 9.00 LOADING 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 12FT AND 24FT ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 0.42 9.00 0.07 4.967 -1.03 9.00 0.00 0.80 8.439 -0.00 0.58 2.143 -0.318 -1.791 -0.07 4.143 -0.69 5.00 0.18 7.18 7.00 0.20 2.143 -1.00 0.967 -0.00 0.45 4.42 0.59 9.00 0.20 2.088 -0.264 -0.07 4.791 -0.80 8.00 0.60 7.615 -0.615 -0.00 0.00 0.439 -0.00 0.10 4.20 3.00 0.20 2.088 -0.58 2.00 0.31 5.00 0.439 -0.55 7.58 0.615 -0.20 8.615 -0.318 -1.UNIT KIP FEET MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 UDL L1 L2 CON -0.00 0.18 7.615 -0.97 1.088 -0.791 -0.82 LIN1 LIN2 147 .42 0.80 8.615 -0.45 4.31 5.00 0.791 -0.00 0.58 0.00 0.143 -0.55 7.42 0.264 -0.00 0.82 3.97 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.93 6.264 -0.69 5.

45 4.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 FEET L2 CON -0.82 3.55 7.20 2.967 -0.20 2.318 -1.42 0.42 9.615 -0.07 4.82 3.318 -1.58 0.03 9.69 5.967 -1.58 0.791 -0.318 -1.Part I .264 -0.264 -0.615 -0.143 -0.42 0.93 6.615 -0.143 -1.615 -0.03 9.97 1.791 -0.07 4.264 -0.264 -0.18 7.439 -0.97 1.791 -0.439 -0.439 -0.264 -0.03 9.18 7.318 -1.791 -0.07 4.42 0.55 7.31 5.791 -0.264 -0.20 2.791 -0.58 0.143 -0.615 -0.439 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.439 -0.439 -0.45 4.088 -0.615 -0.439 -0.615 -0.439 -0.088 -0.58 0.45 4.31 5.31 5.42 9.58 2.264 -0.143 -1.55 7.967 -1.18 7.791 -0.45 4.69 5.143 -1.93 6.97 1.791 -0.318 -1.967 -0.Application Examples 148 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .69 5.088 -0.18 7.58 2.42 9.318 -1.088 -0.93 6.791 -0.82 3.088 -0.318 -1.318 -1.80 8.93 6.143 -0.58 2.55 7.967 -1.088 -0.42 LIN1 LIN2 .967 -1.80 8.967 -0.615 -0.97 1.143 -1.967 -0.264 -0.69 5.07 4.143 -1.69 5.318 -1.80 8.03 9.088 -0.31 5.18 7.439 -0.82 3.80 8.55 7.80 8.318 -1.93 6.31 5.45 4.20 2.42 9.143 -0.58 2.967 -1.42 0.143 -0.967 -0.07 4.615 -0.088 -0.

650 -0.295 -0.84 5.886 -0.532 -0.059 -0.375 GY -1.295 -0.414 -0.650 -0.532 -0.414 -0.264 -0.768 -0.650 -0.177 -0.93 10.532 -0.532 -0.07 1.26 8.177 -0.414 -0.375 GY FEET L2 5.03 9.16 -0.46 1.48 5.74 2.52 16.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 -1.84 15.79 4.414 -0.768 -0.886 -0.58 9.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.74 2.48 5.177 -0.886 -0.58 9.650 -0.177 -0.84 6.375 GY -1.79 4.48 5.89 8.768 -0.414 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 9.650 -0.532 -0.059 -0.00 LIN1 LIN2 149 .42 3.42 3.54 0.89 7.84 6.46 1.295 -0.295 -0.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .650 -0.295 -0.52 6.059 -0.768 -0.46 1.26 9.21 16.16 14.768 -0.52 7.768 -0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.11 3.74 2.21 6.58 18.50 0.54 4.11 3.79 4.21 7.79 4.886 -0.54 0.50 10.650 -0.414 -0.532 -0.886 -0.059 -0.46 1.414 -0.414 -0.42 3.93 9.295 -0.088 -0.07 1.295 -0.93 19.532 -0.059 -0.58 8.532 -0.21 7.11 3.26 18.00 5.059 -0.89 8.07 1.16 5.07 1.177 -0.58 0.50 4.52 7.768 -0.650 -0.16 5.26 9.54 -0.11 3.177 -0.50 CON L -0.059 -0.74 2.177 -0.89 17.177 -0.886 -0.768 -0.93 10.42 3.48 5.295 -0.

146 -0.244 -0.049 -0.439 -0.146 -0.07 1.93 6.93 6.31 5.439 -0.049 -0.342 -0.58 0.635 -0.16 5.244 -0.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .537 -0.244 -0.58 0.18 7.20 2.635 -0.295 -0.146 -0.55 7.635 -0.03 9.11 3.97 1.42 9.58 2.07 4.42 0.80 8.42 0.537 -0.20 2.537 -0.58 2.69 5.18 7.146 -0.03 9.18 7.69 5.049 -0.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 FEET L2 CON -0.55 7.82 3.244 -0.Part I .55 7.31 5.886 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.635 -0.84 LIN1 LIN2 .886 -0.342 -0.58 2.059 -0.42 0.049 -0.732 -0.79 4.69 5.42 3.20 2.342 -0.650 -0.635 -0.46 1.768 -0.146 -0.244 -0.244 -0.74 2.07 4.439 -0.42 9.55 7.537 -0.97 1.42 9.48 5.42 0.049 -0.342 -0.97 1.146 -0.58 2.732 -0.342 -0.537 -0.97 1.69 5.244 -0.177 -0.80 8.93 6.414 -0.31 5.635 -0.635 -0.80 8.439 -0.537 -0.732 -0.049 -0.732 -0.049 -0.732 -0.07 4.049 -0.45 4.45 4.20 2.80 8.537 -0.439 -0.82 3.342 -0.58 0.635 -0.732 -0.439 -0.45 4.732 -0.45 4.03 9.42 9.07 4.82 3.244 -0.03 9.537 -0.93 6.18 7.342 -0.532 -0.439 -0.342 -0.439 -0.31 5.58 0.732 -0.146 -0.146 -0.82 3.

74 2.049 -0.50 0.650 -0.69 5.177 -0.79 4.295 -0.26 8.532 -0.54 0.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.177 -0.059 -0.177 -0.635 -0.48 5.375 GY -1.54 0.55 7.059 -0.58 9.532 -0.45 4.532 -0.42 3.21 16.650 -0.295 -0.537 -0.50 4.82 3.532 -0.375 GY FEET L2 5.768 -0.42 3.342 -0.84 15.89 8.79 4.11 3.07 1.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 -1.768 -0.21 7.886 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.26 18.97 1.244 -0.244 -0.26 9.375 GY -1.16 5.886 -0.00 5.03 14.768 -0.650 -0.635 -0.768 -0.42 0.50 10.07 1.54 4.52 16.532 -0.21 6.886 -0.16 -0.177 -0.886 -0.16 -0.84 5.11 3.46 1.11 3.58 8.177 -0.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .059 -0.46 1.059 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 14.93 10.26 9.059 -0.177 -0.93 6.80 8.84 6.52 7.732 -0.48 5.89 7.48 5.93 9.93 19.650 -0.532 -0.07 1.414 -0.146 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 LIN1 LIN2 151 .07 4.537 -0.532 -0.31 5.74 2.58 18.42 3.414 -0.650 -0.89 8.414 -0.146 -0.768 -0.50 CON L -0.42 9.650 -0.21 7.46 1.52 6.059 -0.295 -0.059 -0.650 -0.58 2.79 4.768 -0.886 -0.295 -0.768 -0.89 17.58 9.52 7.439 -0.414 -0.439 -0.414 -0.74 2.177 -0.414 -0.295 -0.18 7.54 -0.732 -0.342 -0.20 2.93 10.414 -0.295 -0.295 -0.

146 -0.244 -0.58 0.439 -0.03 9.45 4.42 9.244 -0.42 0.18 7.146 -0.58 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ LIN2 .93 6.82 3.342 -0.049 -0.82 3.635 -0.732 -0.635 -0.439 -0.58 2.55 7.537 -0.049 -0.732 -0.439 -0.537 -0.20 2.07 4.537 -0.244 -0.03 9.69 5.146 -0.82 3.80 8.93 6.97 1.69 5.45 4.58 2.69 5.244 -0.439 -0.732 -0.049 -0.635 -0.31 5.342 -0.55 7.80 8.342 -0.97 1.146 -0.635 -0.537 -0.07 4.42 9.342 -0.58 0.20 2.732 -0.049 -0.31 5.439 -0.635 -0.18 7.20 2.31 5.537 -0.146 -0.146 -0.58 0.049 -0.97 1.80 8.55 7.UNIT KIP MEMBER UDL L1 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 FEET L2 CON -0.732 -0.45 4.342 -0.58 2.244 -0.07 4.439 -0.342 -0.732 -0.049 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 9.244 -0.635 -0.049 -0.18 7.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .42 9.42 0.Part I .93 6.42 0.03 9.537 -0.

00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 52.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.30 -7.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.17 15.15 -5.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.co.30 -7.26 -0.00 -0.00 0.01 0.00 0.57 -9.74 -6.00 0.26 -0.35 0.00 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -16.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 27.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.45 29.04 0.33 66.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 -0.15 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 153 .reiusa.57 -0.00 0.17 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.03 0.00 0.Example Problem 15 51.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.66 2.00 0.22 27.65 14.00 0.05 -16.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.25 -14.17 15.00 0.03 -0.57 -0.65 14.00 -0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.45 29.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.35 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.66 2.00 0.49 18.41 0.41 -19.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.32 38.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.

Application Examples 154 Example Problem 15 NOTES .Part I .

member end forces and support reactions are determined. 16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. The maxima of the joint displacements.Example Problem 16 Example Problem No. 155 . The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading.

CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0.0 0.0 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame.5 0. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.Part I . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. Area of cross section "AX".0 3 0.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL .0 0. SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4.0 Joint number followed by the X. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above.0 2 0.0 IZ 240.0 3. UNITS FEET KIP Specifies the units to be used for data to follow. and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis.0 The PRISMATIC attribute is used for assigning properties for all the members. Since this is a PLANE frame.0 7.5 0.0 10.0 4 0.Application Examples 156 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD.

Following this data.6731 2.82 2.5 kip/ft acts along the global X direction on all 3 members. the characteristics of the time varying load are provided.2244 1.0 0.5%) for all modes. UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.0 0.61 2.Example Problem 16 The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E".0 -115.075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis.5 -7.0 -38. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.721 1.5 0.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2. The first stage is defined above.0 DAMPING 0.0 -0.5 115. The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake). A uniformly distributed force of 0.0001 0. density and Poisson’s ratio.001 0.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0449 1. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs. the damping ratio is the same (7.5 -38.2244 2. First. In this example.5 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 157 .0 0.5 -0.5 Load case 1 above is a static load case.61 1.

at nodes 2 and 3. The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights. the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node. Following that. at arrival time number 1. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 16 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis. The Ground motion. UNIT INCH PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process. The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time. namely. FINISH . the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command. UNIT FEET PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step. So. For each degree of freedom.Part I . is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1. the Type 2 time history loading. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force. The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history. acting in the global X direction. The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load commands. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously. the program calculates joint displacements for every time step.

6731 2.001 0. 24. 36. 17.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 2.0 MB.2244 1.5 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.5 0.5 -38. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 19.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0 0. 35. 10. 8. 14.0001 0.0449 1. 2. EXMEM = 568. 26.0 IZ 240.0 -115.5 0.5 -7. 15. 9. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 28. 7. 37.0 3.6731 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.0 3 0. NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 6 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: SUBSPACE METHOD *** 159 . 25. 32.721 1. 4.5 115.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 4 0. 22.075 UNIT FEET LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 0. 33. 12.5 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 38.0 0. 39. 31. 11. Intl. 27. 6. 18.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0. 3.0 0.0 DAMPING 0. 21.2244 2. DISK SPACE = 12. 20.0 -0.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 10.82 2. 16. 34. 23.5 -0.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 3.0 7.0 -38.5 0.61 2.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.2 MB MORE MODES WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES.5 0.0 0. 29. 13. 30.0 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 14000 ALL DENSITY 0. 5.82 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0/ 3143.0 2 0.0 0.61 1.

623 1637. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.006944 Y= 0. UNIT INCH 41.00103 -0.00038 0.00050 0.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.00000 0.06869 0.00000 0.00000 Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.00038 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.Part I .00 0.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= FEET -2.00 0.559 56.00 0.02632 0.00100.347E-16 1.000000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.000 100.01773 0.000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.00000 0.000 100.00000 0.868 0.00075 -0.00000 0.000 0.00000 0.000 100.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.604E-08 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100.00 0.00 100.00000 0.00000 0.000000 Z= 0.Application Examples 160 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1 2 3 4 14. UNIT FEET Z-ROTAN -0.499 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1799 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.000000E+00 0.02632 0. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.00000 0.105E-09 2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.000 100.00050 -0.00000 0.00106 0.000 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 240.03537 0.00000 0.00061 ACCURACY 4.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.359E-13 4.387 945.00103 0.864824E+00 2.00000 0.000 100.000000 40.00075 .000 0.00 0.000 0.03537 0.00000 0.

Example Problem 16
43. PRINT MEMBER FORCES

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
2
1
2

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2.62
-0.88
1.43
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
6.12
0.00
5.01

2
3
2
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.88
0.88
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
6.12
-5.01
5.01

3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.88
2.62
-1.43
1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.12
0.00
-5.01
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

44. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP
----------------JOINT
1
4

FEET

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-2.62
-1.43
-2.62
-1.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

45. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
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Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
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161

Part I - Application Examples

162

Example Problem 16

NOTES

Example Problem 17

Example Problem No. 17
The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this
example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. User
provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not
found in the built-in steel section tables.

Y
15'

15'

16
14

10

9

12

14

11

15

18
17

8

7

15

16

20

9 21

13

22

11

9'

13

12
19

8

23

10

4

15'

2

Pinned

3

5

4

6

5

1

7

6

3
20'

2

1

X

163

Part I - Application Examples

164

Example Problem 17

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE
Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. The
PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane
frame.
UNIT FT KIP
The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used for
data to follow.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0. 0. ; 2 30 0 ; 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0
7 0 35 ; 8 30 35 ; 9 7.5 35 ; 10 22.5 35.
11 15 35 ; 12 5. 38. ; 13 25 38 ; 14 10 41 ; 15 20 41
16 15 44
The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the
various joints of the structure. The cartesian system is being used
here. The data consists of the joint number followed by global X
and Y coordinates. Note that for a space frame, the Z coordinate(s)
need to be provided also. In the above input, semicolon (;) signs
are used as line separators. This allows the user to provide
multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCES
113;237;326;468;534
6 4 5 ; 7 5 6 ; 8 7 12 ; 9 12 14
10 14 16 ; 11 15 16 ; 12 13 15 ; 13 8 13
14 9 12 ; 15 9 14 ; 16 11 14 ; 17 11 15
18 10 15 ; 19 10 13 ; 20 7 9
21 9 11 ; 22 10 11 ; 23 8 10
The above data set contains the member incidence information or
the joint connectivity data for each member. This completes the
geometry of the structure.
UNIT INCH
START USER TABLE

Example Problem 17

This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table. All
user provided steel tables must start with this command.
TABLE 1
Each table needs a unique numerical identification. The above
command starts setting up Table no. 1. Upto twenty tables may be
specified per run.
WIDE FLANGE
This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE
FLANGE in this table. Note that several section-types (WIDE
FLANGE, CHANNEL, ANGLE, TEE etc.) are available for
specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual).
WFL14X30
8.85 13.84 .27 6.73 .385 291. 19.6 .38 4.0 4.1
WFL21X62
18.3 20.99 .4 8.24 .615 1330 57.5 1.83 0.84 7.0
WFL14X109
32. 14.32 .525 14.605 .86 1240 447 7.12 7.52 16.
The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide
flange sections. The data for each section consists of two parts. In
the first line, the section-name is provided. The user is allowed to
provide any section name within twelve characters. The second
line contains the section properties required for the particular
section-type. Each section-type requires a certain number of data
(area of cross-section, depth, moment of inertias etc.) provided in
a certain order. For example, in this case, for wide flanges, ten
different properties are required. For detailed information on the
various properties required for the different section-types and their
order of specification, refer to Section 5.19 in the STAAD
Technical Reference Manual. Without exception, all required
properties for the particular section-type must be provided.
TABLE 2
ANGLES
LANG25255
2.5 2.5 .3125 .489 0 0

165

Part I - Application Examples

166

Example Problem 17

LANG40404
4 4 .25 .795 0 0
The above command and data lines set up another user provided
table consisting of angle sections.
END
This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.
All user provided table related input must be terminated with this
command.
MEMBER PROPERTIES
1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109
2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 ; 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62
8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30
14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404
In the above command lines, the member properties are being
assigned from the user provided tables created earlier. The word
UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table.
This is followed by the table number and then the section name as
specified in the user provided table. The numbers 1 or 2 following
the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are
fetched.
MEMBER TRUSS
14 TO 23
The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as
truss members.
MEMBER RELEASE
5 START MZ
The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ
moment at the start joint of member no. 5.
UNIT INCH
This command resets the current length unit to inches.

Example Problem 17

CONSTANTS
E 29000. ALL
DEN 0.000283 ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
BETA 90.0 MEMB 3 4
The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity,
density, Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values.
UNIT FT
The length unit is reset to feet using this command.
SUPPORT
1 FIXED ; 2 PINNED
The above command set is used to designate supports. Here, joint 1
is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a
pinned support.
LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0
JOINT LOAD
4 5 FY -15. ; 11 FY -35.
MEMB LOAD
8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.9 ; 6 UNI GY -1.2
The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the
structure. In this case, dead and live loads are provided through
load case 1. It consists of selfweight, concentrated loads at joints
4, 5 and 11, and distributed loads on members 6, and 8 to 13.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this
point.
PARAMETER
CODE AISC
BEAM 1.0 ALL
NSF 0.85 ALL

167

.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design. It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same problem. the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 17 KY 1. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Part I . the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property. SELECT MEMBER 3 6 9 19 This command will perform selection of members per the AISC ASD steel design code. For each member. In this case.

9 . 3 2 6 . 48. 49.84 .615 1330 57. 25. 15. . 51. 54.0 WFL14X109 32. 5 3 4 6 4 5 .1 WFL21X62 18. 36. 10 22.52 16. 10. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 11 15 35 .5 35.73 . MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -0.27 6. 13 25 38 .0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -15. 4. 42. 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.795 0 0 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 WFL14X109 2 UPT 1 WFL14X30 .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 19. 6 UNI GY -1.24 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 32.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT FT SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 43.5 2. 22 10 11 . 34. 15 9 14 . 26.84 7. 23 8 10 UNIT INCH START USER TABLE TABLE 1 WIDE FLANGE WFL14X30 8. 45. 8. 9 7. 6. 0. 21.0 4. 37.5 . 14 10 41 .3 20. 35. 2 30 0 . 20. 28.Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 11 FY -35. 5. 8 30 35 . 5 6 7 UPT 1 WFL21X62 8 TO 13 UPT 1 WFL14X30 14 TO 23 UPT 2 LANG40404 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000 ALL DEN 0. 15 20 41 16 15 44 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 17.86 1240 447 7. 39. 24. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.38 4. . 2 3 7 . 18. 29. 22. 31. 44. 11. 4 6 8 . 27. 52. 13.12 7. 30.5 1. 2.25 . 55. 33. TABLE 2 ANGLES LANG25255 2. 50. 41. 14.99 . 12 5. 7. 8 7 12 .385 291.5 35 . 19. 38.605 . 14. 9. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11 15 16 . 38. 40. 16 11 14 .83 0. 47. 46. 53. 12.3125 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 12 13 15 .000283 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. . 23.525 14.85 13. 3 0 20 0 6 30 20 0 7 0 35 .4 8. 16. 56. 7 5 6 .2 PERFORM ANALYSIS 169 .6 .489 0 0 LANG40404 4 4 . 17 11 15 18 10 15 .32 . Intl. 19 10 13 . 3.

00 0. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 57.H2-1 0.Application Examples 170 Example Problem 17 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 31 37 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1.0/ 40262. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00 0. 10 EQN.83 0.NO.57 1 2.2 MEMB 3 4 SELECT MEMB 3 6 9 19 STAAD.00 (UPT) AISC. 11 EQN. 59.46 1 5.KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 3 TABLE ST WFL14X109 PASS 57.3 MB 2 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.85 ALL KY 1.68 (UPT) AISC.00 . 60.852 -54. 62. 61. DISK SPACE = 12.H1-1 0. 21 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.81 T 19 (UPT) AISC.50 0.00 (UPT) AISC.00 1 0.0 ALL NSF 0.Part I .H1-2 0.NO.PRO MEMBER SELECTION .NO.201 0.(AISC 9TH EDITION) *********************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .32 C 6 ST WFL21X62 9 ST WFL14X30 ST PASS 37.00 1 20.845 -190.98 C PASS 3.H1-3 -35. 58.86 C LANG25255 PASS 3.373 0.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.co.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. THEN FILE SAVE.net * ************************************************************ 171 . UPDATE PROPERTIES. IN THE POST PROCESSOR. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD. PRESS RESULTS.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.co.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.Pro.reiusa. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.com * * Europe support@reel.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Example Problem 17 63. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa. FROM THE UPPER MENU.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.

Application Examples 172 Example Problem 17 NOTES .Part I .

3 ft 1 2 1 5 3 2 6 3 ft 4 9 13 3 7 5 10 7 8 6 11 8 14 4 12 9 15 16 Z Fixed Supports at Joints 1. 2. 4. 5. 3. 13 Load intensity = 1 pound/in 2 in negative global Y direction X 173 .Example Problem 18 Example Problem No. 9. 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element.

JOINT COORDINATES 10004300 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 Joint number followed by X. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure). ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete.Part I . Y and Z coordinates are provided above.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED . STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD. UNIT KIP FEET Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1. The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4. based on which.0 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 1 inch.

FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command. the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. 175 . PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory. bending moments per unit width and principal stresses.0 A uniform pressure of 1 pound/sq. The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z. UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1. The output includes membrane stresses. shear stresses.Example Problem 18 "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints. In the absence of an explicit direction specification. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. in is applied on all the elements.

5.00 0. Intl.Part I .00 0.00 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0.81 2821.2 MB 7 96 23.33 0. 19. 10. 4.00 0. 16.14 301. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT POUN INCH ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. 17. 7.51 -16.41 281.00 0.43 2127. 11.22 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** . 20. 22. 21.81 -2821.81 -95.00 -12.1/ 40262.Application Examples 176 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 18.00 0. 6. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.33 70.00 12.00 0.00 0.00 0. 13. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 3 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 1 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 1.22 16.51 -853.0 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED UNIT POUND LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -1.00 0.76 70.09 0.14 301.00 0.00 -9.43 -2127.41 281. 3. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.50 769.81 95. 9.00 0. 12. DISK SPACE = 12. 8. 14. 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 15.00 0.09 853.50 -769.

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.089873E+02 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 25.25 TMAX= SMIN= -608.Example Problem 18 24.co.87 300.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.99 SMAX= 608.00 300.99 SMIN= 7.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 6.43 605.008685E+02 4 1 6. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.90 605.25 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -9.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.39 0.43 0.089873E+02 PLATE NO.net * ************************************************************ 177 .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. 1 1 3.co.LENGTH UNITS= POUN INCH STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.87 ANGLE= -23.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.99 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 85.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.81 0. 4 4 CASE NO.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.99 SMAX= -7.co.com * * Europe support@reel.39 608.089873E+02 -6.00 36.3 ANGLE= -23.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.94 16.053947E+02 4 1 6.reiusa.Pro.00 608. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 4 SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 TOP : BOTT: 10.

0 0.1667 = 514.38 − 514.0 0.90 85.0 + S 0.54 2 .Part I .75 pounds/in 2 τxy = SXY + MXY 36. SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S = 0.54 pounds/in 2 TMAX = TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy (101.81 36.0 + S 0.Application Examples 178 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.81 = 0.75 ) 4 = 300.38 pounds/in 2 σy = SY + MY 85.90 = 0.1667 = 101.43 = 0.1667 = 218.0 + S 0.1667 in 2 (Section Modulus) MX 16.43 1/6t 2 = σx = SX + pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound/inch 2 pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch pound-inch/inch 1/6*1 2 = 0.80 pounds/in 2 2 + 218.0 16.

707 (SMAX − SMIN)2 + (SMAX)2 + (SMIN)2 = 605.38 − 514.80 2 = 7.38 + 514.27 pounds/in 2 Angle = = ⎧⎪ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ 1 tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩⎪ σ x − σ y ⎭⎪ 1 2 tan −1 ⎧ 2 * 218.87 pounds/in 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 − TMAX (101.75) + 300.38 + 514.80 2 = 608.75 ⎭ = -23.75) − 300.176 psi 179 .54 ⎫ ⎨ ⎬ ⎩ 101.30 o VONT = 0.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (101.

Part I .Application Examples 180 Example Problem 18 NOTES .

Example Problem 19 Example Problem No. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. 181 . and we examine those in this example.

etc. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. Moments of Inertia. Joint number followed by X. 4 5 2. Semicolon signs (. UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. 2 2 3. The values are provided in MMS unit. Y and Z coordinates. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 5 6 3. 3 3 4. 3 20 5 20. 2 10 5 10. such as.Part I . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. . 4 30 5 30. 6 25 0 25.) are used as line separators.Application Examples 182 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Area. All properties required for the analysis. 5 5 0 5. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. If ZD is not provided.

signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. Hence. namely. UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . 10m). The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3.that keyword is missing. Coincidentally. the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED. notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10. 6. we first have to define a datum point. For 3 of those. The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system. namely. This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m. 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point.5. 5m.node 1 . At node 6.10).5. the support at node 1 is a global direction support. local Y and local Z axes. 5. 6 and 4. 183 . Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X.Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3. (20m. 1 and 4. For the remaining one . 5m and 20m). This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model. In order to define the axis system. The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system. this happens to be node 2. At node 5.

the datum point becomes (31m. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5. Once the datum point is established. no moment will be resisted by these supports. It takes the coordinates of node 4. Thus. MY and MZ are all released at these supports. the program sets the datum point to be the following.5. Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially. The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products.Application Examples 184 Example Problem 19 At node 4.0. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis. which are (30m. the local axis system is defined as follows. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X.5m. In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. or the traffic direction. the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1. we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine. 5m and 31m). Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y). The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5. the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3. The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31. Notice the unique nature of these datum points. By defining a KFX spring at that one.Part I .free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. and is hence along the axis of member 4.31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member. Since MX. The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X.30m) and adds to them.1). . Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point. suggesting that it is an expansion joint .

This has to be followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT JOINT DISP FINISH Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the members. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION By default. 185 . Following this. The above command is an instruction for such a report. What if we need them in the inclined axis system? The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose. support reactions are printed in the global axis directions.0 2 1. It tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined axis system instead of the global axis system. Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the global axis system.Example Problem 19 LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus total reactions from the supports for each primary load case. SET INCLINED REACTION PRINT SUPPORT REACTION Just earlier.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1. we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global axis system. the STAAD run is terminated.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK 3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are specified.

12. 24.2 LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 3 UNI GY -6 LOAD COMB 3 1 1. 22. DISK SPACE = 12. 4. 25. 3. 2 10 5 10. 3 20 5 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. DEAD LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.Part I . 4 30 5 30. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0.00 0. Intl. 15. 11.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -10439.00 -696. 5 6 3 UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INC REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INC REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INC 1 0 1FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 13.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 19 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.93 MY= 0.2 MB STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.93 4 27 1 .00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 10439. 5 5 0 5. 5. 4 5 2.00 0. 17. 26. 18. 2 2 3.0/ 40262. 20. 6.00 696. 2.93 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0. 21. 19. 14. 3 3 4. 16. 27.93 MY= 0. 6 25 0 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. 10. 29. 28.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 20 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 9. 23. 8.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -10439. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 7.0 2 1.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 MZ= 1 ) 1 ) 10439.

00 0.84 93.45 301.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -1.42 0.00 0.00 0.91 60.00 0.99237E-01 5 RX= -2.31566E-01 3 Z = -2.00 0.39 -3.05 60.64127E-16 4 RZ= 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 32.39 -3.00 0.81 -212.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 19 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -7.49498E+00 3 Z = -7.00 0. LIVE LOAD ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KN = = = METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.42 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = -2.00 254.37 286.66161E-03 4 RY= -9.00 0.89 93.18888E-03 4 2 2 ) 3818.27 -4. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 5 6 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 215.81 -212.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 2 ) -3818.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.00 0.36 86.00 0.06 380. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION 187 .56 0.00 0.38 METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.38 MY= 0.38 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 30.15 -1.38 MY= 0.97411E-01 5 RX= -1.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -3818.00 0.20 -85.00 0.00 0.19 -297.00 0.00 0.66161E-03 4 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.19 -297.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 86.18888E-03 4 RY= -3.21 32.97411E-01 5 Y = -9.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 3818.20 -85.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 -4.00 -254.00 0. SET INCLINED REACTION 32.22 215.84 94.86155E-16 4 RZ= 2.00 0.77 383.99237E-01 5 Y = -2.00 288.00 0.60 94.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 301.

73 32.00 0.42 0.89 0.31 -492.10 120.81 0.00 0. PRINT JOINT DISP .25 60.00 0.00 0.58 0.30 -344.77 59.84 52.64 0.00 89.00 0.00 82.79 -6.81 40.95 -114.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 563.58 93.10 -300.00 -344.47 -120.64 -339.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 4.00 0.00 0.00 141.00 -3.83 -498.33 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.75 42.15 -1.77 -72.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 154.00 0.05 141.57 75.25 68.24 154.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 207.00 0.37 76.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -4.54 569.00 0.Part I .00 0.67 563.00 0.00 0.10 118.15 -1.00 62.79 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.05 60.00 0.00 0.55 116.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 39.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.83 410.00 0.00 0.12 202.00 0.00 0.00 5 2 5 2 5 2 415.00 0.00 0.79 1.79 66.01 93.00 0.00 0.19 60.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 0.60 33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 569.79 66.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 3 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 METE LOAD 2 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 34.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 -420.00 92.00 0.49 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.15 42.00 5 6 1 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 33.00 0.33 51.47 420.Application Examples 188 Example Problem 19 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 415.21 89.00 0.74 0.90 0.79 -6.00 58.00 0.54 -154.00 0.22 0.25 -7.00 0.00 0.61 60.00 0.64 152.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 7.67 -152.00 134.25 60.00 0.46 -1.00 0.81 6.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 60.00 0.00 0.00 -208.00 59.00 0.00 0.31 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 -4.00 0.00 0.58 152.19 32.84 93.00 0.00 0.00 341.96 32.71 -186.21 32.27 -4.00 0.00 155.00 0.00 0.00 0.61 6 3 6 3 6 3 410.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 0.00 0.00 125.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.32 2 3 2 3 2 3 300.00 -135.25 68.69 6.89 93.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 141.79 74.02 0.00 0.00 0.

FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0038 0.0032 Y-ROTAN 0.0008 -0.0002 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.0007 0.0146 -0.net * ************************************************************ 189 .7992 -0.2938 -1.0011 -0.0363 -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0000 0.0003 0.0363 -0.7992 -0.7903 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.2974 -1.0000 0.0841 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0008 -0.0011 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.0841 0.0007 -0.0000 0.Example Problem 19 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD X-TRANS 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.4950 -0.Pro.0966 0.2938 1.0005 0.0000 0.0000 0.0008 -0.0032 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 35.0023 0.0007 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.0000 0.0000 0.0003 -0.0007 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0024 0.0012 0.0509 -0.0000 0.0509 -0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.0026 0.0039 -0.0027 -0.0000 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.0000 0.0026 -0.9139 -3.reiusa.0000 0.co.0000 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.0007 -0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.co.7903 -0.0031 -0.0003 -0.7903 0.0000 0.0363 -0.0000 0.9316 -3.4510 -0.0031 0.0024 -0.0012 -0.0003 0.0012 0.0146 -0.3649 -2.0011 0.0966 -0.0000 0.0000 0.7992 -0.0146 -0.2974 -1.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.0000 0.0841 X-ROTAN 0.0027 0.0000 0.0000 -2.0509 -0.0007 -0.0000 0.0363 -0.0011 0.4265 0.0005 0.0008 0.2974 -1.0146 -0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0002 0.2938 1.0012 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.0966 0.0000 0.0000 0.com * * Europe support@reel.0023 -0.0000 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.0038 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0509 -0.0039 0.0000 0.

Application Examples 190 Example Problem 19 NOTES .Part I .

20 This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. The tank lies on its side in this example. 3 2 11 2 3 4 10 10 19 11 12 18 1 1 20 9 4 9 12 5 17 8 13 6 16 8 21 5 16 13 7 7 14 6 24 15 15 22 14 23 191 .Example Problem 20 Example Problem No.

the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 8. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified. theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft. a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements. theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft. the output is in the cartesian coordinate system.Application Examples 192 Example Problem 20 In this example. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .5 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice. JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r. Hence. Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8. The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis. REPEAT 2 0 0 8. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system.theta. Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system. 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 10 feet. PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system. Joint 8 has an 'r' of 10 feet.Part I . The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis.z).5 feet for each REPEAT.

Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1. Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines. must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. namely elements 1 to 8. PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory. incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7.Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements. FINISH 193 .

500 8.500 8.000 17.071 0.000 -7.000 17.071 10.500 8.000 7.Application Examples 194 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.071 -10.000 -7.000 -7.071 0.000 7.000 7.000 0. 5.071 0. 4.000 7.000 17. 2.000 0.071 -10.000 7.000 -7.000 0.071 0.000 0.071 0. Intl.000 -7.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.500 8.5 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE FEET UNIT JOINT X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 10.071 0.071 -10. STAAD SPACE UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 10 0 0 8 10 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 8.000 17.000 -7.500 8.000 0.000 7.071 0.071 0.071 0.000 7.000 17. 10.000 17.000 8.000 -7.071 0.000 7. 6.000 17. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.071 0.071 0. 8.000 -7.000 7.071 0.500 17.500 8. 9.Part I .000 -7.071 -10. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .071 -10.071 10.071 10.000 0.500 8. 3.000 7.071 -10.000 -7.000 7.000 -7.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.000 -7.000 0.071 10.071 10.000 7.

0562 65.00 0.0562 65.0562 65.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.0562 195 .0562 65.000 0.000 0.co. PRINT ELEMENT INFO ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.000 0.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ AREA 65.reiusa.00 0.000 0.000 E G 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.000 0.0562 65.000 0.000 0.00 0.0562 65.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.000 0.000 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.0562 65.00 0.000 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.000 0.000 0.0562 65.000 POISS 0.000 0.0562 65.00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.0562 65.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.000 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 THICK (FEET) 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.co.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Pro.0562 65.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.co.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.000 0.00 0.0562 65.000 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.Example Problem 20 11.0562 65.0562 65.

Part I .Application Examples 196 Example Problem 20 NOTES .

21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.Example Problem 21 Example Problem No. W12X26 4 W12X26 9 4 W12X26 W12X26 W12X26 3 3 8 2 2 W12X26 5 W12X26 7 5 W12X26 1 W12X26 W12X26 10 6 1 6 197 .

the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.Part I . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .7 2 6. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 4 15 20 . it is necessary to have 2 commands. To accommodate these requirements. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5. 2 0 10 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. This structure is a PLANE frame. 5 15 10 .9 3 5.8 2 4. 6 15 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. Consequently.Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. . with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. This is because. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are defined above. 3 0 20 . It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. Also.10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined.

Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. 199 . The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of these values. if during the analysis. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. We do not require DENSITY since selfweight is not one of the load cases considered. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. Hence for each load case. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 All members have been assigned a WIDE FLANGE section from the built in American table. SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED The supports are defined above.

Next. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. Without re-activation. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again.Part I . MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.0 2 1. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 . these members cannot be accessed for any further operations. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 Load case 2 is described above.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.Application Examples 200 Example Problem 21 PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command.

PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. are recognized as the "active" load cases. The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing. At the end of any analysis. In other words.Example Problem 21 acting simultaneously. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. 201 . CHANGE LOAD LIST ALL The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing.

CHANGE 26. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . DISK SPACE = 12. 2. 3 0 20 . 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . LOAD 3 37. 5 15 10 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 21.0 39.8 MB. 1 1. 12. EXMEM = 568.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 22. 4 FX -10 31. 6. MEMBER TENSION 27. 7 2 6 . CHANGE 34. 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 13. 4 15 20 . 19. 2 0 10 . 15. Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after . 18. 23. 1 2 iterations. 16. 10. 7.0/ 3142. 11.2 MB **START ITERATION NO.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 8. 9 3 5 . 2 iterations. JOINT LOAD 30. 20. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 6 TO 9 36. 24. 6 TO 9 28. Intl.Application Examples 202 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Part I . Case= 2 2 iterations. 5. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 33. 17. LOAD 2 29. 9. 5 FX -15 32. 4. MEMBER TENSION 35. REPEAT LOAD 38. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 25. 14. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO.0 2 1. 3. 8 2 4 .

00000 0.43 -0.20 0.00029 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.33 23.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.24 0.43 0.05 -0.90 6.00029 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.80 10.00000 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.80 -9.00 0.00000 0.49 -0.00 0.80 -9.08929 -0.39 -1.00 0.00 0.06285 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00 0.00000 0.00387 -0.00 0.00000 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.49 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.08929 0.24 0.91 0.49 -6.00030 0.33 0.33 -23.00000 0.00408 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.00 0.43 1.00000 0.00000 0.20 0.00000 0.04313 -0. CHANGE 41.09 0.00 6.00 0.00 0.39 4.00000 0.07 18. LOAD LIST ALL 42.00000 0.00 0.49 -6.00408 0.66 0.00000 0.01262 0.46 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.09724 -0.00 0.43 -0.00000 0.00 0.24 6.00 0.43 -25.67 -1.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 -10.00605 0.00000 0.59 18.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00001 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.20 -0.00387 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.75 -25.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09724 -0.00000 0.00 0.05 -23.80 9.00000 INCH Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.01262 0.00 0.09 0.00000 -0.00 -18.00007 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -24.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00030 0.43 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.33 -23.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00373 -0.00018 -0.00000 0.06285 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.43 -25.00 0.00028 0.26 -0.05 0.00000 0.00 0.59 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.05 0.09 24.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00062 0.00000 0.05 -0.59 -4.00 0.00000 0.05 -0.39 4 5 4 5 4 5 6.00 0.20 -0.00 0.05 0.00 0.39 3 4 3 4 3 4 9.00373 0.00000 0.90 23.00000 0.00000 0.81 0.00018 0.00000 0.75 -18.00 0.00 0.00000 0.91 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00000 0.09 -0.00 23.43 -6.00 0.00 31.59 25.00 0.00 0.01613 0.00000 0.00002 -0.00000 0.67 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 203 .00 0.00000 0.00039 -0.00000 0.04313 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.05 0.24 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00007 -0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.00000 -0.24 0.00000 0.00 25.24 0.00002 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00039 0.07 1.00000 0.00 0.00062 0.01613 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00028 -0.00 0.00001 -0.Example Problem 21 40.00 0.26 -0.00605 0.00 0.05 -0.

reiusa.00 0.79 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 -0.Part I .00 0.00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.73 -0.00 0.00 0.31 14.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 24.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -24.00 0.00 -37.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.41 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -5.05 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -0.00 0.00 0.co.90 -0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 -11.00 0.05 0.00 -31.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 -23.00 0.56 36.00 0.00 0.26 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -11.00 0.00 0.62 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 -0.90 6.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.26 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 0.09 -0.56 37.00 0.00 0.73 -36.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -29.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.31 24.00 0.33 -6.00 0.26 11.00 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -29.00 0.31 -24.00 0.66 0.00 0.Application Examples 204 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.net * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 205 .

Application Examples 206 Example Problem 21 NOTES .Part I .

The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. Time History analysis is performed on this model. 207 .Example Problem 22 Example Problem No. 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading.

Semicolon characters (. UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 Members 1 to 12 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values of 12 inches. 9 9 10 . 10 7. 12 12 5 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to.5 20 0 . 2 2 7 . Y and Z coordinates are specified above. 3 15 0 15 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 7 15 20 0 . 10 10 11 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 6 7. 4 4 11 . 3 3 9 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 8 15 20 7.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7. The UNIT command is specified to change the units for input from FEET to INCHes.5 20 15 . The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project. 2 15 0 0 . 8 8 9 . 5 5 6 . 11 11 12 . Y and Z axes.5 9 15 20 15 .Part I .Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. UNIT KIP FEET The units for the data that follows are specified above. 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 .5 The joint number followed by the X. .

density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. is provided. CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0. Built-in default value for concrete is used for the Poisson’s Ratio. only one data set is defined. an ACCELERATION may be specified. which describes the variation of force with time. 209 . a sinusoidal function. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion. the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. Here. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E).2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. The first stage is defined above. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6.0 DAMPING 0. In this file.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis.

31.0 The above data describe a static load case. LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis. . STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (See section 5. and number of CYCLES of application are then defined. AMPLITUDE.0 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members.0 8 12 FZ 4. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure.0 8 12 FY 4.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information).075.Part I . such as FREQUENCY. A uniformly distributed load of 1.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. Following that. LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1. The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number. The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command.

Example Problem 22 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory. 211 . The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.

2 2 7 . 41. 31. 34.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 5 5 6 . 11 0 20 15 12 0 20 7.2831 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD CASE MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -1. 23. 37. 10 7.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 9 9 10 . 35.5 20 15 . 14. 8 15 20 7. 12.0 LOAD 2 DYNAMIC LOAD CASE SELFWEIGHT X 1. 5.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 17. 2 15 0 0 . 42.5 20 0 . 32. 9. EXMEM = 568.5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . 16.0 8 12 FZ 4. 22. 2.8 MB. 3 15 0 15 . 12 12 5 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 12 PRIS YD 12 ZD 12 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 3150 ALL DENSITY 0.0 8 12 FY 4. 6. 15. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Part I . 27. 30. 4 0 0 15 5 0 20 0 . 39. 19.Application Examples 212 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 3.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 6 24 6 . 4. 20. 28. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 8 8 9 . 36. 10 10 11 . 11.0 DAMPING 0. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 6 7. 38. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 60 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 2 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 12/ 12/ 4 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 7/ 4/ 24 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0/ 3142. DISK SPACE = 12. Intl. 33. 8.5 9 15 20 15 . 26.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 4. 25. 11 11 12 .0868E-3 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 6. 21. 3 3 9 . 24. 10. 13. 29. 7. 4 4 11 . 40. 18. 7 15 20 0 .

606 137.194444 Y= 0.260 195.486E-14 6.351 138.000 0.03240 0.00 0.086E-11 1.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.000 100.03720 0.68908 0.998 99.530E-15 5.804E-16 1.000 0.202 1.709E-15 2.821 0.00 0.998 0.01186 0.00 0.000 100.073 11.336E-13 3.00 0.670 0.105E-15 5.011 85.208E-16 1.039E-16 1.00513 0.364E-09 2.000 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.221 137.633 84.096 85.204 1.136868E-13 1.881 30.219 137.189E-15 1.83057 0.000 100.499 24.00100.00 0.03161 0.879E-16 1.242E-14 1.00 0.998 99.00 46.00512 ACCURACY 1.130556 213 .027 195.05406 0.000 100.00 0.215 0. To use these frequencies.998 99.874E-11 1.574E-13 3.000 0.222E-15 2.13229 0.184E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.900 26. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.00 0.01176 0.998 99.09031 0.866 31.915E-12 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 X Y Z 100.00 0.559 11. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.08569 ACCURACY 4.606 18.998 99.451 7. These are for information only and will not be used.982E-16 6.000 100.00723 0.000000 Z= -1.665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.00 0.82 0.01168 0.228744E-01 0.00728 0.00729 0.000000E+00 0.000 46.00 0.07932 0.450E-16 4.KIP MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= INCH -2.00 0.00 0.01175 0.00729 0.213E-15 1.Example Problem 22 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99.020E-15 1.83191 0.00 0.04016 0.292 85. CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 PERIOD(SEC) 12.

00 0.00008 -1.00 0.00000 0.95 0.00 0.00118 0.00008 0.00000 0.00118 0.06 -5.09524 -0.00 0.00 -0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 5 1 2 .00 0.15 5.00 0.00 0.95 0.01 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.02103 0.00118 0.95 -0.00 0.00000 0.10 0.06537 -0.06 5.56841 0.02103 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.15 5.02103 -0.02103 -0.00 0.95 0.10 0.00008 -1.10 0.37 5 6 5 6 5.00 0.00118 0.00000 0.15 -0.00 -5.00000 0.09524 0.00037 -0.00118 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.15 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00 5.00 0.00008 -1.95 0.00000 -0.00000 0.10 2621.00 -1428.90 -13.00 0.95 0.15 5.00 0.02103 0.10 0.00 0.95 5.00 0.06 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.06 5.95 -0.02103 0.00 0.00 -180.00000 0.95 0.06 180.00 0.00 0.15 0.00000 0.00 1428.00000 0.37 2 7 2 7 180.15 -5.00000 0.95 -0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.15 180.00000 0.00 0.09524 -0.00118 0.01 0.00 -0.95 0.02103 -0.00118 0.00 0.00 -5.00000 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 -0.01045 0.00 -0.02103 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.95 -5.01 90.00 0.95 -5.01 0.00008 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 5.06587 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 180.00000 0.37 0.15 -5.00000 -0.10 0.00 -180.00000 0.00 0.95 0.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 22 43.15 180.00 0.00118 0.06 -5.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 180.00008 -0.00000 0.00 0.95 0.00000 -0.06 -0.56841 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.95 0.15 -0.00000 0.95 5.00008 0.00 0.00000 0.00 -180. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.00118 0.00 0.06 5.06 -5.00 0.00000 -0.00000 0.95 -0.95 0.10 0.00000 0.01045 -0.15 0.00000 0.00000 0.00118 0.00 -0.00 13.06587 0.00 -1428.00 0.01045 0.00 0.95 -5.00 0.06 -5.06536 -0.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.02103 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00118 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00008 0.06 -0.00 -180.56841 0.00004 0.00 -1428.95 5.01045 0.00 0.00000 0.00037 -0.00 0.00 0.95 0.00008 -0.00000 0.00 0.56841 0.00000 0.95 -0.00 1428.00 0.02103 -0.00000 -0.02103 -0.09524 0.00118 0.06537 0.00 -1428.00000 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 1428.00000 0.00 1428.00000 0.15 0.00 0.00000 0.95 5.00000 0.84 0.00008 0.00 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00 13.00 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.06536 0.00000 -0.06536 0.00000 0.01045 -0.00 13.Part I .01045 0.00008 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00004 -0.00 1428.00000 0.00 13.95 -5.00000 0.00037 -0.95 -5.00000 0.10 0.02103 0.00000 0.00037 0.37 3 9 3 9 180.00008 -1.01045 -0.06 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.37 4 11 4 11 180.01045 -0.00 0.06536 0.

00 0.00 -13.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.02 0.84 -2621.02 0.reiusa.01 0.00 -0.00 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro.95 -5.00 0.00 0.00 90.15 0.co.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -1428.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.90 -1428.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 1428.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.41 1428.95 -5.84 -2621.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.01 90.15 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.10 2621.00 0.00 0.01 0.84 -2621.01 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.01 -0.00 0.02 0.10 0.95 -0.95 -5.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 44.90 -1428.00 0.01 0.net * ************************************************************ 215 .00 0.01 -0.00 0.02 -0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.co.02 0.84 -2621.15 -0.00 0.00 10 11 10 11 5.00 90.00 0.01 90.00 0.10 2621.01 0.00 0.00 12 5 12 5 5.00 0.02 -0.15 -0.00 -0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.01 -0.00 0.37 7 8 7 8 5.00 -0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 -0.00 -0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 -0.00 0.00 8 9 8 9 5.00 0.84 0.00 0.00 0.02 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.90 13.00 0.95 0.co.95 -5.00 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.37 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.37 11 12 11 12 5.00 0.00 0.90 0.01 -0.90 0.co.95 -5.00 1.95 -0.00 90.00 0.41 1428.95 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.01 0.com * * Europe support@reel.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 5.00 90.01 0.00 0.41 0.01 90.84 1.90 -1428.95 0.10 2621.00 9 10 9 10 5.15 0.01 -0.95 -0.84 -1.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.95 -5.95 -5.

Part I .Application Examples 216 Example Problem 22 NOTES .

The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. 217 . 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to utilize the built-in generation facility to generate spring supports for a slab on grade.Example Problem 23 Example Problem No.

0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 40. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 12. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.0 0. the joint number followed by the X.5 feet. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 For joints 1 through 7. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate .0 REPEAT 5 6.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 0.Part I .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.167 4 0. UNIT FEET KIP The units for the data that follows are specified above.5 0.0 6. 3 times.0 0.0 36.0 3 0.5 7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2 0.0 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.5 6 0. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 0.333 5 0.5 0.0 28.0 20. Y and Z axes.0 REPEAT 3 8.

5 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 5.55 219 . The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command.ft. ALL POISSON 0.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.5 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 10.0 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 10 kip/cu. PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support springs which were generated using the earlier commands. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.

It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1.5 47 54 82 FY -264.ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.0 99 100 FY -410. identified with load case number 101.Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 The above data describe a static load case.0 113 114 FY -109. 26 FY -542.0 104 FY -974. A pressure load of 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command.7 27 FY -1085. A load combination case.4 22 23 FY -410. 29 30 FY -205.3 125 FY -546.7 6 FY -617.0 and then algebraically add the results. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. is specified above.0 120 121 FY -217.0 124 FY -273.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.0 103 FY -487. 8 9 FY -109. .6 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.55 kip/sq. 2 1.Part I . LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. 5 FY -308.3 92 93 FY -205.

for load case 101. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Example Problem 23 LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56. 221 . is obtained with the help of the above commands. and element stresses for elements 34 and 67.

0 1 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 251.Part I .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KIP FEET DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX FORCE-Y/ KFY FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 1 0 0.0 13 1 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0 265.6 0 138.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 12 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0. Intl. 5.0 0.0 0.Application Examples 222 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 28.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 3 1 4 1 0. 8. 15.0 0.0 0 0. 27.0 0.333 5 0.0 6. 6.0 3 0.0 10 1 11 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 6 1 7 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0. 25.0 0. 10.0 REPEAT 3 8. 12.0 0. 13.0 0 0.0 1 0.5 6 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 1 1 0. 23.0 0. 22.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 5.0 0.8 0 587.0 0 1 0. 21.0 0 0.0 PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED. 4.0 8 1 9 1 0.0 20.0 0.0 0. 24.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.5 UNIT FEET CONSTANTS E 420000.0 0 1 0. 19.0 REPEAT 3 8.167 4 0. 11.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 1 0 0.9 0 294.0 85. 20.0 0.0 .0 0.0 5 1 0. 18.0 0.0 0 502.8 0 665.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.1 0 170. 2.0 0 0. 26.0 0. 16.0 36.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 12.5 0.5 7 0. 14.0 0.0 1 1 0. 9.0 0.0 0.0 2 1 0.0 1 0. ALL POISSON 0. 3.0 0.9 0 665.0 1 0.0 0 1 0. 17.12 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 10. 7.0 2 0. 28.0 1 0.0 0.5 0 332.9 0 332.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.9 0 531.0 40.0 0 0.0 0.

0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.9 0 665.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 0 0.2 0 165.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 473.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.1 0 646.0 0 1 0.7 0 626.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.7 0 626.2 0 437.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.5 0 227.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.3 0 570.0 46 1 47 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.1 0 160.3 0 548.0 0.0 0 502.0 1 0 0.6 0 268.3 0 484.0 0.2 0 170.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.3 0 646.0 42 1 43 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 30 1 31 1 0.3 0 626.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 140.0 0.0 1 0.0 32 1 33 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0 553.0 0.0 48 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 17 1 0.0 1 0.7 0 553.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.2 0 548.0 0 414.0 49 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 260.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 276.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 34 1 0.0 0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 223 .0 39 1 40 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 35 1 36 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 29 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 20 1 21 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 22 1 0.0 1 0.0 27 1 28 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.6 0 515.8 0 665.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 41 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 473.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.2 0 276.0 0 260.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.8 0 587.0 0 160.0 1 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 37 1 38 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.3 0 500.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.3 0 500.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 531.0 18 1 19 1 0.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.3 0 626.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 488.0 23 1 24 1 0.

0 1 0.0 0 355.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0.5 0 227.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.Part I .0 0 0.0 0.0 0 375.0 0 415.0 1 0.0 0 414.0 1 0.0 0 375.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 59 1 60 1 0.3 0 548.2 0 548.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 71 1 72 1 0.0 61 1 62 1 0.5 0 160.0 0 1 0.0 66 1 67 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 355.0 0 415.0 0.0 0.0 63 1 64 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 77 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 120.0 1 0 0.0 0 375.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 415.0 0 470.0 0 355.0 82 1 83 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 470.0 0 355.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 470.0 0.0 0 0.0 65 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 54 1 55 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 375.0 0 0.0 53 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 120.0 80 1 81 1 0.0 1 0.0 73 1 74 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 84 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 75 1 76 1 0.0 58 1 0.3 0 484.0 0.0 .0 0 195.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 470.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 56 1 57 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 470.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 70 1 0.0 0 415.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 140.0 1 0.2 0 437.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 470.0 1 0.0 68 1 69 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.Application Examples 224 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 50 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 78 1 79 1 0.0 0.0 85 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 470.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 195.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 195.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 51 1 52 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 195.0 0 0.0 0 120.0 0 1 0.0 0 120.

0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 95 1 96 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.3 0 646.0 0 488.0 0.0 0 160.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 111 1 112 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 120 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.8 0 665.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 118 1 119 1 0.0 1 0.0 92 1 93 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.3 0 626.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 260.0 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 89 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 260.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.2 0 276.8 0 587.0 0 1 0.2 0 85.0 0 1 0.7 0 553.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 665.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.3 0 500.0 1 0 0.0 99 1 100 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 101 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.6 0 515.0 109 1 110 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.7 0 626.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.2 0 170.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.1 0 170.0 0 502.0 1 0 0.0 0.8 0 587.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 165.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 121 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 90 1 91 1 0.0 1 1 0.1 0 646.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 104 1 105 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.6 0 268.0 1 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 473.9 0 531.0 0 0.0 0.0 113 1 0.0 0 502.0 0 473.0 0.7 0 626.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.7 0 553.3 0 570.0 94 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 251.9 0 531.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.8 0 665.0 0 0.0 106 1 0.0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 86 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 87 1 88 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.3 0 626.9 0 665.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 225 .2 0 276.0 116 1 117 1 0.0 1 0 0.3 0 500.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.

PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 33 56 LOAD 101 101 X-TRANS 0.0 124 FY -273.0 0 0. 50.5 47 54 82 FY -264.03192 .3 125 FY -546.7 6 FY -617.0 1 1 0.0 125 1 0. 48.0 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0 332. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Z-ROTAN 0.7 27 FY -1085. 43. 39. 2 1.07125 Y-ROTAN 0.6 0 138.0 0.03221 0.00000 X-ROTAN -0.9 0 294.0 99 100 FY -410.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29. DISK SPACE = 13.0 0.0 0.0 1 0. 53. 35. 44.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.55 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. 54.0 113 114 FY -109.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.0 0 0. 8 9 FY -109.0 103 FY -487. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 32. 26 FY -542.0 1 0. 55.3 92 93 FY -205.0/ 40261. 29 30 FY -205. 40.0 104 FY -974. LOAD LIST 101 57.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 58.Part I .4 22 23 FY -410.06208 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0. 52. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 46.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 123 1 124 1 0. 5 FY -308.Application Examples 226 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 122 1 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0. 37.00000 0.0 1 0. 45.0 120 121 FY -217.00000 0.0 0 0.0 126 1 0.0 0.62691 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0. 47.9 0 332.0 0 265.73107 -5. 49. 31.1 0. 36.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.00000 Y-TRANS -4.6 LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 33. 38. 34.00000 0. 41.0 0. 42. 51.3 MB 56. 30.0 0.

Example Problem 23 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.5 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 9.81 TMAX= SMIN= -978.00 1247.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.57 TMAX= SMIN= -386.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.247029E+03 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 59.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.9 9.38 TMAX= 7.com * * Europe support@reel.28 0.03 SMAX= 978. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.09 1136.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.92 1136. 101 101 6.co.00 10.reiusa.81 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -8.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.235143E+02 67 101 1.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * ************************************************************ 227 .03 SMIN= -268.00 623.57 101 TOP : BOTT: 71.782190E+02 PLATE NO.67 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.69 15.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.63 0.72 1247.48 308.9 ANGLE= -39.00 616.83 539.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -6.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.95 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.95 616.co.Pro.co.co.782190E+02 -9.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.22 SMAX= 268.22 539.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41.63 0. 67 67 CASE NO.136717E+03 67 101 1.75 0.22 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 4.96 SMAX= 386.72 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.38 SMAX= 230. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.51 21.00 308.5 41.96 SMIN= -230.48 ANGLE= -39.51 623.

Application Examples 228 Example Problem 23 NOTES .Part I .

229 . 24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements.Example Problem 24 Example Problem No. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure.

Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.0 2.0 2.Part I . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 44 0.0 3.0 3.0 0.0 24 0.0 3.0 48 1.0 3.0 41 0.0 1. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 12 2.0 1.0 32 2.0 45 1.0 2.0 8 1. Y and Z axes.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 1.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above.0 0.0 21 0.0 3.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 9 2.0 2.0 4 0.0 29 2.0 3.0 3.0 52 2. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities. For example. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.0 0.0 0. increments of 1 to the .0 0.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 5 1. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.0 The joint number followed by the X.0 1.0 3.0 25 1. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 49 2. Then.0 0.0 28 1.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.

PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. 6. the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). incidences of elements 4. 8. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. 9.0 The above data describe a static load case. 11 and 12 are generated.Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3. It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load.1E7 ALL POIS 0.25 ALL DENSITY 7. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. Similarly. Poisson's Ratio. and Density are specified. CONSTANTS E 2. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3).0 231 . SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model. both in the negative global Y direction. in a tabular form.5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above.

ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3.0 2 1.2 of the STAAD. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 In Load case 4. The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero. 9 and 12. 6. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9.0 .Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual. UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.32.Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq.0 3 1.Part I .3.0 4 1. and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5. LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0.

0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX . should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases. and then algebraically summing them up. factoring them. the program merely calculates the end results (displacements. forces. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case. In other words.0 Load case 10 is a combination load case. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5. changes in support conditions etc. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report. there is a fundamental difference. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously.0 2 1. reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case.Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1. which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. not load combination cases. In a REPEAT LOAD case. 233 .0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. But in solving load combination cases.

UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command. The results will be printed for all the load cases. .Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command.Part I . UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.

SELF Y -1. LOAD 2 37. 4.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 235 . 23.0 36.0 48 1.5000E+00 7. 6.KNS MET ELEMENT YOUNGS'S MODULUS MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 1 2. 28 FY -1000.5000E+00 7. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. JOINT LOADS 38. 8. 10.0 3.0 3.0 12 2. Intl.0 25 1.0 8 1.0000000E+00 3 2.0000000E+00 27.0 1. LOAD 3 41.0 0.1000002E+07 0.0 0. 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 29.1000002E+07 0.0 52 2. 18.0 1.0 0.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 CONSTANTS E 2.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 49 2.0 3. SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 42.0 32 2.1E7 ALL POIS 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0.0 3. LOAD 4 46.0 33. 20.0 3.0 0.0 1. 22.0 45 1. 9 FX .0 3.1000002E+07 0. 21.0 44 0. 3. 9.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. LOAD 5 52.0 40.0 24 0. 16. 15.0 4 0.25 ALL DENSITY 7.0000000E+00 2 2.0011 44.0 0. 5. 12.0 2.0 0.0 0.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 2 3 4 22 23 NODE-5 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES. -------------------ALL UNITS ARE . 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 29 2.0 0. 25.0 2.0 0. JOINT LOAD 34.0 49.0 3.0 28 1.0 2. 11. ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 47. 17.0 0.Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 5 1.0 2. REPEAT LOAD DENSITY 7.0000E+00 0.0 41 0.0 0. 14.0 9 2.0000000E+00 4 2. LOAD 1 32. 9 ENFORCED 31. 7. UNIT POUND FEET 45.5000E+00 7.5000E+00 ALPHA 0.0 21 0.0000E+00 0. 2. SUPPORTS 28.0000000E+00 5 2. UNIT KNS MMS 51.0 3.0 2. 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.0 3.0 1.0 0.5000E+00 7.1000002E+07 0.1000002E+07 0.0000E+00 0.0 1.

58.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STAT CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 17/ 17/ 48 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -0. 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.Part I . 23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.0 2 1.83934E-03 4 Z = 9.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999. 56.00000E+00 RY= 0.49033E-04 10 1 2 ) 1799999. 1 1.00 = 0.00 MY= 899999.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.12983E-03 RX= 0.0 2 1. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.NO. 55.00000E+00 1 ) 1089999.NO.99 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes. Note . ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999.00000E+00 RZ= 0.0 4 1.Application Examples 236 Example Problem 24 53. EXMEM = 568. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. DISK SPACE = 12.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.0 3 1.01 MY= -899999.2 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 0.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.NO.00 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0.1/ 3142.01204E-02 Z = 1.98 MY= 0.93 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999.Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model.00 = -1090.92 2) 2 .97 MZ= 2 ) -1799999.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090.96 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2.4 MB.12983E-03 Y = -1.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1.99 MY= 0.

00 0.52 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 4) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 0 0.52 MY= 0.76 0.00 -95.00 95.43 MY= -899999. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.35288E-04 Z = -3.17652E-05 Y = -3.00000E+00 0 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.00000E+00 3 5 ) 2985760.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760.50 MY= 899999.52 4 ) 95760.20 MZ= -0.00 MY= 0.00 0.17652E-05 RX= 0.00000E+00 RY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.Example Problem 24 RX= RY= RZ= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.00000E+00 0 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.52 MY= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.85 MZ= 4 4 ) MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.76 = 0.30 5 237 .00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = -95760.00 = -1185.00 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.97 MZ= 5 ) -2985760.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 RZ= 0.76 0.61372E-02 24 RX= 0.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.04 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.03 MY= -0.

00 0.46 -26.26 0.20 6.0000 0.00 0.59 74.00 0.05 42.85 -159.00 0.0000 0.00 -187.00 384.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.87 -158.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 74.00 0.68 135.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0062 -0.00 16.0010 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.85 1.00 0.03 135.00 -1919.00 0.24 -1.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 63.97 629.27 -2.52 -184.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.1100 0.94 -56.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.13 -31.97 902. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 0.42 743.0000 0.00 0.27 1.98 -459.0000 0.92 -334.00 0.00 0.0009 0.00 0.79 -2.97 -315.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 21.00 0.00 0.78 -56.00 0.00 0.25 431.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 0.00000E+00 0 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 60.0000 0.0000 0.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.00 0.00 0.25 11.00 0.24 261.00 0.67 -31.00 -1097.37 -232.0001 -0.00 -2057.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.63 -425.00 0.1100 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.70 0.00 0.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.00 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.0000 0.00 0.00 .98 -263.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.52 -256.13 0.00 0.12 1.00 -62.67 -30.00 0.00 0.0000 0.37 -232.67 -273.00 0.0200 0.00 0.51 524.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 -138.12 16.63 26.00 0.70 0.0200 0.0000 0.0000 0.36 11.52 -94.18 -119.00 0.0008 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.34 51.25 -450.0000 0.Application Examples 238 Example Problem 24 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.26 -128.00 0.00 0.00 0.0193 0.00 0.52 -143.00 0.24 -202.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.30 -16.00 0.66 -158.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.85 -0.00 0.76 566.80 0.85 -170.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 62.00 0.05 -42.18 -202.0000 0.00 -1097.00 0.0000 0.00 0.58 251.0009 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0081 -0.0000 0.90 0.0000 0.00 0.0393 0.00 0.00 -187.00 0.24 -89.52 9.00 0.05 -228.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.32 31.00 0.13 146.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 135.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 390.05 -72.00 0.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 21 25 29 41 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.32 -62.00 0.17 2.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 384.52 0.0000 0.52 0.63 -181.00 0.0000 0.0003 -0.0000 0.0000 0.32 -1641.00 0.20 11.0000 0.00 0.99 6.00 -31.00 0.34 807.05 -72.18 -159.0000 0.0049 -0.00 -1703.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.79 -138.00 0.48 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.26 0.98 185.0000 0.00 0.97 -595.84 -292.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0089 0.

101 S3= 0.054 0.84 61.008 -0.77 -61.060 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.255 0.128 SE= 0.00 0.75 -97.014 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.223 0.055 0.016 0.038 -0.68 74.095 -0.00 0.029 -0.435 0.060 0.054 -0.365 0.744 0.009 -0.03 119.076 -0.35 -77.014 -0.03 1313.589 -0.001 0.61 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z 31.041 S3= 0.04 0.403 0.000 0.518 0.00 0.707 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.009 -0.188 -0.00 0.284 0.176 0.707 1.00 0.00 0.255 0.Example Problem 24 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT LOAD 45 49 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 FORCE-X METE FORCE-Y 0.088 -0.022 -0.00 MOM-Y 0.83 -1.38 6.327 0.123 0.003 -0.00 0.028 -0.00 0.047 0.251 0.088 -0.016 0.051 0.244 0.102 0.00 0.255 0.011 -0.228 -0.005 0.036 0.253 0.027 0.25 11.076 0.165 0.63 514.372 0.011 -0.00 0.221 0.976 0.12 31.313 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.00 0.133 -0.107 0. UNIT NEWTON MMS 66.00 0.606 0.217 0.006 -0.008 -0.707 0.00 0.015 0.90 16.106 0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.00 0.24 1.223 0.214 -0.301 -0.00 0.00 MOM Z 0.129 0.090 -0.37 226.36 -62.602 0.082 SE= -0.225 -0.026 -0.003 -0.511 0.617 0.52 181.237 0.034 -0.328 0.014 0.37 -1.215 0.082 0.00 0.40 -16.52 -176.099 S2= 0.97 83.006 0.280 -0.05 -81.021 -0.005 0.003 -0.00 0.05 -45.046 S2= -0.00 0.95 -1.00 0.32 -16.52 1250.00 0.42 -75.324 -0.05 -81.162 -0.004 0.008 -0.00 0.036 0.809 -0.098 -0.00 0.951 0.00 0.355 0.129 -0.89 300.52 3818.029 -0.00 0.014 -0.00 0.685 -0.321 0.103 0.036 0.00 0.269 SE= -0.703 0.00 -105.219 0.35 3916.011 0.143 0.24 -855.00 0.00 -62.021 0.001 -0.00 0.004 -0.011 0.123 -0.707 0.05 45.016 0.994 0.076 -0.071 0.280 -0.00 0.506 0.041 0.011 -0.051 S3= -0.597 0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 -0.152 S2= 0.005 0.00 0.40 146.25 11.00 0.00 0.40 135.661 0.85 0.002 -0.152 0.538 0.014 0.005 -0.089 0.003 -0.565 0.00 0.00 0.053 1.00 0.61 74. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.010 -0.002 -0.005 0.62 300.760 -0.00 0.05 -23.056 -0.280 -0.00 0.00 0.586 239 .574 -0.24 207.008 0.00 0.002 0.015 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 65.32 -43.269 -0.705 -0.154 -0.13 6.00 0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 3 21 3 25 3 26 3 22 3 41 3 45 3 46 3 42 0.031 1.00 0.298 0.08 -16.095 -0.098 -0.928 0.046 -0.040 -0.00 0.003 0.016 0.98 11.000 0.00 0.76 2.183 0.005 -0.011 -0.37 226.08 MOM-X 0.311 -0.204 -0.000 0.499 0.008 0.00 0.00 0.63 -547.003 0.280 -0.009 -0.02 -97.332 0.258 0.516 0.009 0.132 0.012 0.189 0.040 0.525 0.016 -0.

108 0.024 -0.160 -0.000 0.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.138 0.402 -0.283 -0.001 -0.064 -0.232 -0.106 -0.024 0.191 0.146 -0.330 0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.249 0.177 0.472 0.343 0.034 -0.001 S2= -0.045 -0.024 -0.238 0.001 0.160 0.023 0.707 0.022 0.160 -0.228 0.030 0.046 -0.093 0.329 -0.235 -0.003 -0.001 -0.253 -0.102 0.060 -0.082 -0.112 -0.Application Examples 240 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.163 0.314 -0.092 0.001 -0.170 -0.227 -0.428 -0.496 -0.716 0.202 -0.296 0.022 -0.376 0.000 0.867 0.515 0.008 -0.341 0.050 -0.000 0.019 -0.210 0.066 0.001 -0.005 -0.031 0.254 -0.001 -0.008 -0.001 -0.125 0.001 0.011 0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.119 0.649 0.076 0.098 -0.341 SE= -0.300 0.329 0.060 0.016 -0.027 -0.181 -0.013 -0.041 -0.011 SE= 0.053 S2= 0.007 -0.032 0.402 0.186 -0.012 -0.081 0.003 0.024 -0.286 -0.001 -0.428 0.317 -0.096 -0.043 -0.126 -0.259 0.000 0.011 0.054 S3= 0.386 0.146 -0.707 0.070 0.001 -0.136 0.087 0.009 0.704 0.054 -0.001 -0.324 1.234 -0.021 0.030 0.008 0.067 0.487 0.360 -0.165 -0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.001 -0.000 0.001 -0.878 0.551 0.083 -0.001 -0.452 -0.125 -0.428 -0.152 -0.147 0.220 0.366 -0.022 -0.001 -0.051 -0.001 0.033 0.003 -0.263 0.051 0.218 0.630 0.008 0.183 0.036 0.317 -0.705 1.707 0.008 0.112 -0.008 0.024 -0.008 0.064 -0.928 -0.000 -0.228 0.000 0.078 -0.741 -0.240 0.998 -0.147 -0.201 S2= 0.497 -0.000 0.098 -0.Part I .027 0.004 S2= -0.136 -0.043 -0.049 -0.618 0.498 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.115 -0.126 0.001 -0.971 .707 0.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.001 0.497 0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.099 1.073 0.000 -0.023 -0.013 -0.001 -0.083 0.472 0.602 0.025 -0.078 -0.026 -0.819 0.060 0.082 0.552 -0.024 -0.045 0.007 0.257 0.046 S3= -0.001 -0.273 -0.051 0.001 -0.052 -0.003 0.619 0.225 -0.552 0.158 -0.108 0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.670 0.908 0.005 -0.036 0.001 0.014 -0.001 0.085 -0.004 -0.005 -0.024 -0.285 0.512 1.040 0.020 0.795 0.001 -0.065 0.140 -0.093 S3= 0.484 0.345 0.024 SE= -0.153 0.082 0.062 0.247 0.806 -0.153 0.708 -1.001 -0.114 0.670 -0.000 0.474 0.000 0.051 -0.026 -0.000 0.001 -0.032 -0.161 0.082 -0.030 -0.428 -1.001 S3= 0.035 1.012 0.036 -0.002 -0.354 0.092 1.213 SE= -0.019 0.052 0.005 0.822 0.005 0.004 S3= -0.005 -0.001 0.210 -0.181 -0.035 -0.016 -0.273 0.490 0.105 0.011 0.057 0.243 SE= -0.724 -0.001 -0.008 -0.065 0.020 0.109 0.008 -0.001 -0.112 -0.088 0.051 S2= -0.675 0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.242 0.046 0.334 -0.751 0.

000 -0.317 -0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.420 -0.010 -0.061 0.000 0.196 0.236 -0.411 0.000 0.018 0.057 0.005 S2= -0.076 0.003 -0.000 0.111 -0.000 0.028 -0.323 -0.397 -0.069 0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.274 -0.081 -0.000 0.056 0.015 -0.000 -0.001 S3= 0.351 SE= 0.040 -0.901 0.072 -0.014 -0.024 0.046 -0.206 S3= -0.279 -0.255 -0.514 -0.312 -0.472 0.023 -0.000 0.129 -0.819 -0.429 -0.323 0.177 -0.707 -0.000 0.084 0.031 0.029 -0.024 0.024 0.000 S2= 0.006 -0.000 -0.605 -0.165 -0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.489 0.004 -0.101 -0.401 -0.021 -0.294 -0.000 0.024 0.458 0.010 -0.000 0.507 0.733 -1.077 0.253 0.203 -0.789 0.000 0.064 0.000 0.048 0.119 -0.014 -0.334 -0.049 -0.291 -0.056 0.242 -0.550 -0.047 S2= -0.217 241 .000 0.102 0.822 -0.016 0.108 0.019 -0.585 -0.190 0.024 0.149 0.234 0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.316 0.006 -0.000 -0.024 0.707 0.555 0.000 0.024 0.000 -0.053 0.055 0.017 0.735 0.057 -0.000 0.009 -0.103 -0.134 0.285 -0.262 -0.012 -0.024 0.874 -0.038 0.034 0.047 -0.000 0.000 0.039 -0.003 -0.540 -1.076 0.210 S3= -0.320 0.094 0.042 SE= -0.049 -0.100 -0.043 -0.479 0.233 -0.053 -0.000 0.233 -0.000 0.046 0.813 -1.388 0.055 -0.174 -0.056 0.064 0.484 0.044 -0.120 -0.056 -0.000 -0.363 -0.028 -0.039 -0.041 -0.457 -0.335 0.013 -0.000 0.034 -0.030 0.102 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.013 -0.000 0.469 -0.064 -0.463 -1.526 -0.091 -0.005 0.323 -0.024 0.007 0.021 -0.240 -0.000 0.802 0.422 0.822 0.065 0.000 0.000 0.304 -0.609 -0.707 0.000 0.550 0.018 -0.000 0.879 -0.350 -0.024 SE= 0.002 0.014 -0.314 0.182 0.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.000 S3= 0.083 -0.051 -0.298 SE= 0.088 -0.000 0.000 -0.230 -0.766 -0.000 -0.042 -0.128 -0.053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= 4 23 4 27 4 28 4 24 4 43 4 47 4 48 4 44 -0.033 0.000 -0.041 0.032 -0.278 -0.397 -0.018 -0.674 0.399 -0.052 S2= -0.000 0.000 0.020 -0.204 -0.036 0.024 0.019 -0.070 -0.128 -0.259 0.245 -0.000 -0.160 -0.037 0.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.047 0.014 0.000 -0.025 -0.000 0.000 0.

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Example Problem 24 NOTES 243 .

Part I .Application Examples 244 Example Problem 24 NOTES .

25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. 245 . the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case. Since the structural condition is load dependent.Example Problem 25 Example Problem No.

with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).Part I . . one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. Consequently. 6 15 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . This structure is a PLANE frame. 3 0 20 . To accommodate these requirements. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. UNIT FEET KIP Units for the commands to follow are specified above. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only. 5 15 10 . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. Also. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR COMPRESSION MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. it is necessary to have 2 commands. The second line is an optional comment line. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 2 0 10 . 4 15 20 . This is because. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time.

it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. and the joints between which they are connected. 10 2 5 Member numbers.Example Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 . Hence for each load case. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported. This model contains 10 members. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. if during the analysis. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 247 . DENSITY is not specified since selfweight does not happen to be one of the load cases being solved for.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. 7 2 6 . MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 Properties for members 1 to 10 are defined as the STandard W12X26 section from the American AISC steel table. 9 3 5 . The length units have been changed from feet to inch to facilitate the input of E. 8 2 4 . are defined above. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified.

any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. Next. . The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again. CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1.Part I . Without the re-activation. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -10 5 FX -15 In load case 2. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. these members cannot be accessed for further processing.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 25 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are once again declared compression-only for the load case to follow.

are recognized as the "active" load cases. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 4 FX -15 5 FX –10 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. In other words. support reactions and member forces to the output file.0 2 1. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. 249 . LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.Example Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously.

Application Examples 250 Example Problem 25 FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Part I . .

8. 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 1 TO 10 TA ST W12X26 UNIT INCH CONSTANTS E 29000. 18. MEMBER COMPRESSION 26.3 MB. 7. 2 0 10 .0/ 3142.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 15 3 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 13 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. Intl. 5 15 10 . CHANGE 40. 9 3 5 . 8 2 4 . 35. Case= CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. 2. 6 15 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 .0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 39. 1 2 iterations. 2 iterations.0 2 1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. LOAD LIST ALL 251 . Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32. 12. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT FEET KIP SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . Case= 2 1 iterations. 17. 4 15 20 . JOINT LOAD 29.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 15. 3 0 20 . EXMEM = 568. 22. 23. 3. 6 TO 9 27. 6. 9. 4. 4 FX -10 30. 19. LOAD 2 28.Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 37. DISK SPACE = 12. 11. 14. 7 2 6 . 33. 16. 13. 38. 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. 20. CHANGE 25. 34. 5.1 MB **START ITERATION NO. 5 FX -15 31. 10. 21. 36.

Part I .00381 0.00000 0.11 -0.00024 0.00 0.00 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 0.00 -15.00 0.58 0.00 0.00 0.00364 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.01262 -0.15 0.00000 0.79 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.79 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.04314 -0.05088 0.00000 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -2.00 0.00 0.13 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.50 2.00 0.28 -0.13 -2.00 0.00 0.30 11.00000 0.07766 -0.00022 0.00000 0.70 0.00 0.24 0.87 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.01262 0.00050 0.90 0.00 15.33 23.03 -0.00000 0.00 11.00 0.73 0.00 0.33 23.00000 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.90 -23.00 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5 1 2 3 .00000 0.70 -11.00 0.58 6.00 0.30 -2.00000 0.00022 -0.50 0.13 0.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------JOINT LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y 1 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.00 0.00000 0.13 24.00 25.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.22 -0.24 2 3 2 3 2 3 -6.00 0.33 0.00000 0.24 -0.33 -23.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00015 0.00000 0.15 0.30 15.00 0.33 23.90 -6.00000 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00001 -0.33 -1.00000 0.00000 0.00 23.00 0.73 15.22 -0.01618 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 3.00 0.00000 0.03 0.00000 0.00 -25.00 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.15 -0.00000 0.00004 -0.00 0.04314 -0.13 -0.03 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.74 -0.00000 0.50 0.13 -0.00 0.18 -24.00000 0.70 -12.90 0.00 0.22 0.00000 0.47 1.03 -0.00000 0.00000 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -23.00 0.00 0.11 0.00041 0.00 0.18 -23.79 2.00255 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.01618 -0.15 -0.00 0.28 -6.00 0.15 -0.00373 0.00050 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.47 1.00 0.00000 0.58 -2.00 0.00 0.00215 -0.00255 0.00 0.00 0.11 -0.00000 0.05088 -0.00000 0.03 0.00 0.24 -0.00080 0.00 0.00000 0.00041 0.00000 0.00024 -0.11 -0.00364 0.00 0.07775 -0.70 -2.87 2.58 6.47 0.00 0.00000 0.00025 0.30 2.00 0.00000 0.00 0.74 5 6 5 6 5 6 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.50 2.00 0.07766 0.00215 -0.00 0.00004 MOM Z 0.07775 -0.00000 0.79 -0.90 -6.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00 -3.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00025 0.11 -0.00001 -0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 0.32 -11.90 -1.00000 0.11 -0.00 -15.00 0.00381 0.00000 0.00015 0.00001 -0.00 0.00000 0.32 -15.11 6.00080 0.00 0.15 0.00001 -0.88 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00000 0.15 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.00373 0.00 0.00000 0.22 0.00 0.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 25 41.00 0.00000 0.33 6. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00000 0.00 0.00 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.

00 0.66 0.00 0.66 -2.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.22 28.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@reel.00 0.00 0.60 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -8.00 11.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -28.00 0.51 -4.00 0.00 0.00 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.net * ************************************************************ 253 .reiusa.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 -9.66 -2.60 -28.00 0.00 0.32 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 29.co.32 0.00 0.Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.co.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.00 0.00 0.60 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 4.00 0.50 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 28.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.63 -29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.55 8.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -0.00 0.00 0.51 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.55 9.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -9.00 0.50 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -29.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.66 0.32 -0.00 0.00 0.63 2.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 11. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KIP INCH MEMBER 6 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.

Part I .Application Examples 254 Example Problem 25 NOTES .

26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. 255 . Using the master-slave command. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions.Example Problem 26 Example Problem No.

112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 64 26 30 66 . 46 61 62 48 .Application Examples 256 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . The second line is an optional title to identify this project. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . The unwanted joints. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 .Part I . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 7 9 10 9 . Y and Z axes. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the data to follow. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 91 26 10 93 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 100 38 22 102 . . 118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. are then deleted. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above. 82 58 62 84 . 4 5 6 6 . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 109 50 34 111 . 37 49 50 39 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 22 29 30 24 . 73 42 46 75 . 55 10 14 57 . created during the generation process used above.

the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American table.75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above. Poisson's Ratio. CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. and Density are specified. Built-in default values for steel and 257 .

0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.0 17. The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.0 The above data describe a static load case.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command. SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.Application Examples 258 Example Problem 26 concrete for these quantities are assigned.0 49. It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction.0 33.Part I .0 .

PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints. 259 .0 In the above static load case. then print member forces for two members. LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure.Example Problem 26 The above data describe a second static load case. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. plate element pressure loading on a floor is applied in the negative global Y direction. then print support reactions at selected joints.

27. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 .0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20. 51.0 . 2. 38. 36. 71. 55. 44. 60. 8. 67.Application Examples 260 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 62. 21. 20. 42. 22.75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90.0 33. 49. 39. 46 61 62 48 . 68. 33. 100 38 22 102 .0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10. 6. 65. 22 29 30 24 .0 49. 109 50 34 111 . 7.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. 64 26 30 66 . 46.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30. 34.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. 4 5 6 6 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 7 9 10 9 . 72. 29. 3.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 91 26 10 93 .0 17. 25. 56. 63.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10. 54. 9. 37 49 50 39 . 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 15. 31. 19. 23. 5. 58.0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. 32. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 69. 18. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 .Part I . 118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. 70. 30. 12. 48. 66. 43.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 26. 17. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 .0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 37. 55 10 14 57 . 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 28. 16. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 61. 14. Intl. 52.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 47. 73 42 46 75 . 45. 13. 40. 59. 11. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 82 58 62 84 .

51350 -0.23216 0.04609 1.00 -0.32921 8.00 0.00041 -0. 80.07468 -0.10 129.00041 -0.00090 0.00041 -0.00 0.00167 -0.00059 -0.00025 -0.86781 -0.00057 -0.01 0.13263 6.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.13263 6.59584 0.83 1407.00 0.38 208.70 8.33161 -0.06556 -1.00058 -0.02679 -0.32921 8.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.07823 -0.00014 0.00503 -0.00056 -0.00207 -0.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.13263 6.01536 -0.00041 -0.00002 0.00 0.34 0.00245 0.00056 -0.88242 0.86713 0.09268 -0.00 0.00 0.00056 -0.25499 -0.32921 8.00 0.00649 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 20/ 17/ 113 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.87442 -0.59584 0.06978 -0.64214 -0.58 2 3 115 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 261 .21215 -0.00041 -0.00 0.2 MB.13 1173.09027 8.45739 8.09027 8.00001 0.34 -129.00056 -0.00 0.34 -0.23 -85.00363 -0.00363 -0.00041 -0.00 0.06312 -0.21215 -21.87442 -0.08468 -0.73 -4. 78.19363 -0.00 0.41 336.00024 0.02678 -0.00363 -0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.00 0.02716 0.00452 -0.96702 -0.82 1835.39 -125.45739 8.00030 0.00363 -0.Example Problem 26 73.32 -8. 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.32 125.02166 1.00 0. 77.96702 -0.00046 -0.00008 -0.00625 0.00031 -0.04716 0.06978 -0.01 0.19716 0.00 0.02115 -1.08128 -0.07792 0.00000 0.00041 -0.04712 0.00 0.87442 -0.00792 0. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.00 0.00028 0.00 0. EXMEM = 568.00162 0.49676 0.00102 0.09261 0.00 0.10 -5.00 322.00017 -0.04919 0.00056 -0.00059 0.04704 -0.01 0.25499 -0.70 -7.00363 -0.00056 -0.00 0.45739 8.00 0.45739 8.00166 0.88 -137.00056 -0.00159 0.50252 -0.00 198.27 1696.01 0.00 0.00 0.1 MB 82.00363 -0.00 0.49676 0.00 4.09261 0.00036 -0.00 0.04703 0.01 0.00054 0.96702 -0.07454 0.00791 -0.00 0.07452 -0.09027 0.64214 -0.23216 0.34 0. 76. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 18 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.00088 -0.94 58 42 58 42 58 42 0.33161 -0.32921 8.00031 0.87442 -0.07454 0.13263 6.00363 -0.5/ 3142.45046 0. 74.09027 8.09268 -21.00 0.00 -0.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12.39 0.00495 -0.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.00028 -0.00 0.32 0.84 -85.00 0.02679 -0.00140 -0.00041 -0.01 -0.00120 0.32 -0.00 0.02065 -0.14 -137.00056 -0.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 83.00108 0.00103 0.73 5.00363 -0.96702 -0.00 0.00 7.00014 0.45046 -0.

54 -14.co.91 -470.01 0.47 -483.10 7.37 53.Application Examples 262 Example Problem 26 84.14 1731.03 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.13 -500.reiusa.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.Pro.87 -58.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.17 1732.00 50.25 -54.36 68. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.98 -28.Part I .53 -54.96 0.76 -58.01 0.co.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.com * * Europe support@reel.52 -91.60 -69. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.90 -257.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.82 -54.31 70.69 231.55 92.26 -469.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.65 31.net * ************************************************************ .68 -55.co.51 51.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.03 0.56 -500.74 -11.63 487.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.

Example Problem 26 NOTES 263 .

Application Examples 264 Example Problem 26 NOTES .Part I .

265 . A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. 27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade.Example Problem 27 Example Problem No. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers.

0 28.0 0.0 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 20. Y and Z axes.0 0.0 36.Part I . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.0 0.0 0.0 0. it is necessary to have 2 commands.0 REPEAT 3 8. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 3 times.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 2 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line.0 0.0 3 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. the joint number followed by the X. .0 0.0 12.0 0.0 0.5 6 0.5 0. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.5 0. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.0 REPEAT 3 8.5 feet.0 40.5 7 0.333 5 0.0 0.167 4 0.0 REPEAT 5 6. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. Also.0 0. Consequently. To accommodate these requirements. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).Application Examples 266 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 0.0 6.0 0. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.0 0.0 0.

The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command. CONSTANTS E 4000. The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later).0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute.0 ALL POISSON 0.0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities. UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.0 267 . UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and the data is used as the basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.

5 FY -308.ft. 29 30 FY -205.7 27 FY -1085.7 6 FY -617.2 . PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands.4 22 23 FY -410. A pressure load of 1.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate support springs which are effective in the global Y direction. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual.ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements. 8 9 FY -109. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade modulus of soil.50 kip/sq.Part I . 26 FY -542.50 The above data describe a static load case.5 47 54 82 FY -264. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade modulus to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.

50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.0 FY -273.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.0 99 100 FY 205. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case.0 FY -974. 29 30 FY -102. 26 FY -271.7 6 FY -310.3 FY -205. 5 FY -150. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.0 269 .3 92 93 FY 102.0 113 114 FY 54.4 22 23 FY -205.5 47 54 82 FY -132.0 103 FY 243. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 120 121 FY 108.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528.7 27 FY -542.0 FY -487.0 FY -109.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.0 FY -410.0 FY -217.3 FY -546.0 104 FY 487. 8 9 FY -50.

are obtained for load case 3.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end.Part I . and support reactions at a list of joints.Application Examples 270 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136. LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements. element stresses for elements 34 and 67. The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis. . FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. with the help of the above commands.3 FY 273.

0 0.5 0.0 0.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 30.03 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.00 = 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 39.0 0.0 12.0 0. 26. 24.0 3 0. 22.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 15. 6.0 0.0 20. 16.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.0 0. 37.0 REPEAT 5 6. 29.00 1 ) 1 1 271 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3.0 0.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 8/ 54 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 10.01 MY= 0. 33. 32.5 7 0. 4. 12.5 6 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 7.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800. 9. 35.167 4 0.00 = -7740.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12. 20.0 0. 8.0 0.0 0.0 2 0. 40. 25.0 REPEAT 3 8. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 756 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 41 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 28.0 28.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740. Intl. DISK SPACE = 13.5 0. 41.0 0.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230.0 0.333 5 0. 11.0 0. 17.7 MB **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.0 6. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 18.0 0. 2.0 CONSTANTS E 4000.0 40.0 36. 21.0/ 40260. 43. 14.0 ALL POISSON 0. 13.0 0. 36.

4 22 23 FY -410. 57. 47.51342E-10 121 RY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253.7 6 FY -617.90 = 0.Application Examples 272 Example Problem 27 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800.00 MZ= 499230.09725E+01 120 Z = 0.00000E+00 0 RX= 9.69957E-02 6 2 ) 884991. 63.5 47 54 82 FY -264. 56.00 MZ= 2 ) -884991.01 MY= 0. 8 9 FY -109.0 124 FY -273.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 58. 51.00000E+00 0 RZ= -4.89606E-02 99 RY= 0. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.3 92 93 FY -205.66 MY= 0. 49.3 125 FY -546. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.50000E+00 1 Z = 0.02 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 66.0 113 114 FY -109.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 26 FY -542. 62. 52.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 5 FY -308.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964.47 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 2 2 . 53.19726E-10 80 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 44.7 27 FY -1085. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.00000E+00 0 RX= 7. 59. 48.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9.00 = -13964.0 103 FY -487.66 MY= 0. 68. 29 30 FY -205. 55.Part I .0 104 FY -974. 54.0 120 121 FY -217. 65. 64. 60.0 99 100 FY -410. 46.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. 61. 50.

3 93.00000E+00 0 RZ= 1.00000E+00 0 Y = 2. 27 FY -542.36 MY= 0. 26 FY -271.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519.09786E-01 125 3 ) 478687.00 MZ= 3 ) -478687. LOAD LIST 3 98. CHANGE 71.7 78. 120 121 FY 108. 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 6 FY -310. 1 2 FY -100. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START ITERATION NO. 80.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533.10 = 0. 81. 103 FY 243.4 83.83669E+01 120 Z = 0. 2 **START ITERATION NO.0 88.0 90.00000E+00 0 RX= -1.4 79. 5 FY -150. 8 9 FY -50.0 92.2 85.36 MY= 0. 124 FY 136. 99 100 FY 205. 113 114 FY 54. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 3 3 273 . 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations.7 82. 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 3 **START ITERATION NO. 92 93 FY 102. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0 89.3 86.00 = -10533. 47 54 82 FY -132.6 95. 125 FY 273. JOINT LOADS 75. 76. 22 23 FY -205. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' 72. 104 FY 487.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.5 84. 48 55 76 83 FY -264.Example Problem 27 69.0 87.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.50 74. 77.22268E-01 120 RY= 0.0 91.78 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 97.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519. ELEMENT LOAD 73. 29 30 FY -102. 4 **START ITERATION NO. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.

00 0.74 2.25 SMAX= 171.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.25 SMIN= -30.99 0.00 6.00 0.00000 0.1 ANGLE= -27.44 0.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 27 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.00000 0.64 3 TOP : BOTT: 37.17264 14. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0.00 ANGLE= -27.074621E+03 -1.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .29 SMAX= 1074.00 101.00000 0.10056 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19. 3 3 7.21 -57.62 SMAX= 30.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.Part I .2 5.00000 0.11615 Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.303438E+03 67 3 1.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.36691 22.074621E+03 PLATE NO.29 TMAX= ANGLE= -34.58 0. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 SQX VONT TRESCAT -4.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.62 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.91 SMIN= -1074.06945 0.09437 -0.81 202.51 0. 67 67 CASE NO.91 SMAX= 375.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1449.53915 28.06506 0.00 0.249564E+02 67 3 1.81 0.96 724.09579 -0.96 0.96 43.00 0.2 ANGLE= -34.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.00 202.00 0.00 0.08 153.13 101.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6.449913E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 100.00 0.08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 99.12227 -0.49737 0.00 0.00000 0.00 724.50 188.00000 0.00 0.00000 X-ROTAN -0.44 1449.83 1303.00 148.00 0.00 0.06 168.38 1303.45 188.13 6. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.00000 0.10 149.60 0.00 0.

com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.Pro. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.net * * * * North America support@reiusa. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * ************************************************************ 275 .co.reiusa.com * * Europe support@reel.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.co.Example Problem 27 101.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.

Part I .Application Examples 276 Example Problem 27 NOTES .

The structure consists of piers.Example Problem 28 Example Problem No. 277 . 28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below. pier-cap girders and a deck slab.

we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure. 4 9 0 0. Y and Z axes. The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. 6 15.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6. Y and Z coordinates are specified first. using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis. the joint number followed by the X. . We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands.5 0 0.Part I . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 11 -1 10 0 25 16. in 3 successive operations.5 0 0. the above command is required. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation. UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 3 6. To achieve this. 63 new joints are generated.5 0 0. the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters. 2 4 0 0. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error. 5 11. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25). Following this. Next.

Pro's graphical viewing facilities. 3 3 17 . 303 to 316. 29 29 40 . The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 50 50 61 . Then. 28 28 38 . For example. 2 2 15 . and. 4 4 19 . Details of this command is available in Section 5. Similarly.11 of the Technical Reference manual. 5 5 21 . 70 70 80 . 51 51 63 . member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment). DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 279 . 30 30 42 . 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated. The above method. where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers. 48 48 57 . 71 71 82 . The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. 72 72 84 . 49 49 59 . 404 to 417. 27 27 36 . 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 6 6 23 26 26 34 .Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. is the explicit definition method. No generation is involved here. 69 69 78 . we create members 202 to 215. MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 .

For this. It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. In other words. A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32. C and D (which in turn are nodes 11. D 3 10 14 . we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 . Details of the above can be found in Section 5. and 12 along the edges BC and DA. The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element. and another 168 for the 3rd span. there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. 46 and 32).14 of the Technical Reference manual. At every node along their common boundary. These are the elements which make up the first span.Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements. GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements. with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD. we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . 168 elements are created for the 2nd span. we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements. C 20. For example. Thus. we use a technique called mesh generation. B. Alternatively. etc.5 10 14 . B 16. Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element. 25.Part I .5 10 0 . Similarly. from the superelement bound by the corners A. plates and beams are properly connected.

Example Problem 28

and vice versa. The tools of the graphical user interface may be
used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this
model.
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups.
Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be
used to refer to a cluster of entities, such as members. For our
structure, the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called
GIRDERS, the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS, and so
on. For the deck, a few selected elements are chosen into a few
selective groups. The reason is that these elements happen to be
right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the
frequency calculation.
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections
for the girders, and prismatic circular sections for the columns.
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375

281

Part I - Application Examples

282

Example Problem 28

The plate elements of the deck slab, which happen to be at a Y
elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11
metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms.
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq.mm for all
members. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.
Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also
assigned to ALL members and elements.
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
Following a change of units, density of concrete is specified.
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports).
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
Theoretically, a structure has as many modes of vibration as the
number of degrees of freedom in the model. However, the
limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes
may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted. In a
large structure, the extraction process can also be very time
consuming. Further, not all modes are of equal importance. (One
measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of
that mode.) In many cases, the first few modes may be sufficient to
obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response.
Due to these reasons, in the absence of any explicit instruction,
STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. This is like saying that
the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified.

Example Problem 28

(Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD.Pro 2000 calculated only 3
modes by default).
If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall
vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained, one may
ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with
the help of this command. The number that follows this command
is the number of modes being requested. In our example, we are
asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65.
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD
YRA 9 11 PR GX 200
YRA 9 11 PR GY 200
YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200
* VEHICLES ON SPANS - ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED
ELEMENT LOAD
_P1 PR GY 700
_P2 PR GY 700
_P3 PR GY 700
_P4 PR GY 700
_P5 PR GY 700
_P6 PR GY 700
_P1 PR GZ 700
_P2 PR GZ 700
_P3 PR GZ 700
_P4 PR GZ 700
_P5 PR GZ 700
_P6 PR GZ 700
The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen
extraction method. Some information on this is available in
Section 1.18.3 of the STAAD.Pro Technical Reference Manual.

283

Part I - Application Examples

284

Example Problem 28

The method involves 2 matrices - the stiffness matrix, and the
mass matrix.
The stiffness matrix, usually called the [K] matrix, is assembled
using data such as member and element lengths, member and
element properties, modulus of elasticty, Poisson's ratio, member
and element releases, member offsets, support information, etc.
For assembling the mass matrix, called the [M] matrix, STAAD
uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL
CAL REQ command is specified. So, some of the important
aspects to bear in mind are :
1.

The input you specify is weights, not masses. Internally,
STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input
by "g", the acceleration due to gravity.

2.

If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame, there are 2
possible directions of vibration - global X, and global Y. If
the structure is declared as a SPACE frame, there are 3
possible directions - global X, global Y and global Z.
However, this does not guarantee that STAAD will
automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the
available directions.
You have control over and are responsible for specifying the
directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. In other
words, if a weight is not specified along a certain direction,
the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example,
global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a
contribution in the mass matrix. The mass matrix is
assembled using only the masses from the weights and
directions specified by the user.
In our example, notice that we are specifying the selfweight
along global X, Y and Z directions. Similarly, a 200 kg/sq.m
pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the
deck.

Example Problem 28

But for the truck loads, we choose to apply it on just a few
elements in the global Y and Z directions only. The reasoning
is something like - for the X direction, the mass is not
capable of vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll
along X. Remember, this is just a demonstration example, not
necessarily what you may wish to do.
The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to
restrict a certain weight to certain directions only, all he/she
has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights
cannot vibrate in.
3.

As much as possible, provide absolute values for the weights.
STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at
nodes. So, if some weights are specified as positive numbers
and others as negative, the total weight at a given node is the
algebraic summation of all the weights in the global
directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this
algebraic resultant.
MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED

This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and
modes should be calculated. It is specified inside a load case. In
other words, this command accompanies the loads that are to be
used in generating the mass matrix.
Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic
analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is
carried out. But in such analyses, the MODAL CALCULATION
REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. When STAAD
encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11)
and time history (see examples 16 and 22), it automatically will
carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL ..
command.

285

Part I - Application Examples

286

Example Problem 28

PERFORM ANALYSIS
This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the
frequencies. Frequencies, periods and participation factors are
automatically reported in the output file when the operation is
completed.
FINISH
This terminates the STAAD run.

Example Problem 28
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STAAD.Pro
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Version
Bld
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE
IGNORE LIST
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 4 0 0; 3 6.5 0 0; 4 9 0 0; 5 11.5 0 0; 6 15.5 0 0
11 -1 10 0 25 16.5 10 0
REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14
MEMBER INCI
1 1 13 ; 2 2 15 ; 3 3 17 ; 4 4 19 ; 5 5 21 ; 6 6 23
26 26 34 ; 27 27 36 ; 28 28 38 ; 29 29 40 ; 30 30 42 ; 31 31 44
47 47 55 ; 48 48 57 ; 49 49 59 ; 50 50 61 ; 51 51 63 ; 52 52 65
68 68 76 ; 69 69 78 ; 70 70 80 ; 71 71 82 ; 72 72 84 ; 73 73 86
101 11 12 114
202 32 33 215
303 53 54 316
404 74 75 417
DEFINE MESH
A JOINT 11
B JOINT 25
C JOINT 46
D JOINT 32
E JOINT 67
F JOINT 53
G JOINT 88
H JOINT 74
GENERATE ELEMENT
MESH ABCD 14 12
MESH DCEF 14 12
MESH FEGH 14 12
START GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER
_GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417
_PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73
ELEMENT
_P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471
_P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555
_P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639
_P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737
_P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807
_P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905
END GROUP DEFINITION
MEMBER PROPERTY
_GIRDERS PRIS YD 0.6 ZD 0.6
_PIERS PRIS YD 1.0
ELEMENT PROPERTY
YRA 9 11 TH 0.375
UNIT NEWTON MMS
CONSTANTS
E 21000 ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
UNIT KNS METER
CONSTANTS
DENSITY 24 ALL
SUPPORTS
1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED
CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65
UNIT KGS METER
LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION
SELFWEIGHT X 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0
SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0
* PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK
ELEMENT LOAD

287

025E-16 8.06774 0. 93.08275 0.436E-16 1. 81.549E-16 5.4/ 40260.478 17. 94.275 11.000E+00 . 84.308 17.829 11.NO.999E-16 5.Part I .085 12.462E-16 5.882 3. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.762 15.13815 0.465E-16 5.921 0.253E-16 2.238 7.08961 0.05778 0.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 28 79. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 500 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.229E-16 2.13582 0.076 4.38433 0.733E-16 6.13911 0. 95. ELEM.26636 0.19889 0.09316 0.34695 0.5 MB 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED. ELEM.519 4.000E+00 3. 85.341 10.373 4.719E-16 1.363 10.06824 0. 92.314E-16 3.646E-16 0.155E-16 3. 83.278E-16 3.909E-16 6.05721 0.08454 0. 80.577 11.05070 0.09671 0.158E-16 2.000E+00 1.24532 0.028 7.08869 0. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED. 89.NO.553E-16 0. 87.NO.466E-16 0.160 11.146E-16 4.488 13.602 2.189 7. 90.61111 0.754 4. 100. YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS .734 11.921 12.07311 0.343E-16 2.000E+00 9.000E+00 0.08388 0. ELEM.747 19. 88. 97.06612 0.22130 0.636 2.683 5. DISK SPACE = 23. 86.05020 ACCURACY 0.033E-16 7.014E-16 3.199E-16 0.22870 0. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1.05635 0.08638 0.677 14.08007 0. 96.076E-16 6.125 17.21355 0. 99.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ 584/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 496/ 24/ 150 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.654 14.725 19.000E+00 2.

03452 0.134 0.876E-16 4.02363 0.313E-13 6.082E-08 4.701 42.985E-06 2.580E-16 1.132E-05 7.986E-14 1. MODE 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 40.101 34.133E-12 1.02738 0.000E+00 4.02532 ACCURACY 0.395 45.529 38.03926 0.808 27.305 27.02468 0.110 42.162 35.009 32.146 21.04531 0.03662 0.878E-09 1.034E-15 2.550 29.04252 0.02375 0.972 29.02863 0.902E-07 6.182E-16 2.411 35.863 34.02342 0.03174 0.186E-10 6.04869 0.422 26. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.501 31.924 41.03355 0.03384 0.403E-06 6.471E-12 1.845 21.366E-11 3.154E-05 1.891 44.007E-16 3.536 20.523 42.518 40.690 32.03227 0.013 40.927 36.701E-09 2.676E-16 6. These are for information only and will not be used.801 22.369E-05 289 .318 42.923 35.025 45.494 PERIOD(SEC) 0.002 26.04056 0.02331 0.03070 0.03043 0.618 20.878E-16 5.655 25.03124 0.998E-16 3.272E-09 9.02408 0.04850 0.02592 0.518 23.574 32.013E-06 3.03846 0.986E-06 9.442E-05 4.776 28.336E-16 0.02844 0.02221 0.043E-14 2.Example Problem 28 MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 20.985 24.290E-14 2.088E-06 6.723E-05 6.276E-13 3.992 31.03156 0.469 26.585 38.02444 0.03730 0.04587 0.804 30. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.070 23.559E-07 1.452E-16 1.02932 0.03600 0.000E+00 6.277E-10 3.02499 0.399E-07 2.204E-16 7. To use these frequencies.04797 0.04319 0.153 23.052E-15 8.02824 0.04667 0.947E-12 7.012E-09 2.02253 0.426 21.540E-07 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated.03785 0.04729 0.02783 0.02576 0.04169 0.02216 ACCURACY 4.279E-15 5.826 39.803E-11 1.

02 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.857 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.860 99.00 0.00 0.14 0.01 0.986 .01 0.856 99.00 0.00 0.858 99.623 73.00 0.622 73.856 99.973 99.611 73.740 99.00 0.00 0.00 26.973 99.974 99.00 0.05 0.057 73.00 0.349 56.00 0.610 73.973 99.48 0.829 99.768 99.00 0.972 99.02 0.871 55.970 99.00 0.00 0.965 99.00 0.740 99.358 56.00 0.973 99.764 74.326 99.00 0.042 99.856 99.00 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.976 99.59 0.00 0.858 99.00 0.00 0.972 99.00 0.354 56.974 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.948 99.832 99.00 0.53 0.865 99.03 0.383 56.856 99.135 99.611 73.00 0.01 0.202 99.136 99.354 56.13 0.965 99.00 0.42 0.226 73.00 0.116 72.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.969 55.01 0.00 0.496 3.740 99.854 99.00 3.02 0.587 55.768 99.00 0.00 0.736 73.861 99.319 65.767 99.969 68.00 0.229 3.965 99.736 99.00 0.740 99.00 0.00 0.855 99.04 0.859 99.868 99.53 0.971 99.856 99.01 0.00 0.01 0.04 99.973 99.974 99.00 0.01 0.11 0.985 99.831 73.01 0.947 99.01 0.00 0.939 99.00 0.968 73.927 55.575 30.868 99.00 0.151 99.852 99.972 99.980 73.37 0.981 99.00 0.00 0.823 73.214 65.591 57.00 0.857 99.364 56.969 55.00 0.00 0.985 99.00 0.00 0.869 0.42 0.00 0.970 74.857 99.00 0.972 99.062 99.940 99.736 99.00 0.01 0.737 65.00 0.858 99.01 0.00 0.23 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.15 0.972 99.00 0.00 0.740 55.973 99.868 99.856 99.974 99.00 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.974 99.407 74.04 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.973 99.00 0.Application Examples 290 Example Problem 28 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 X Y Z 0.00 1.00 0.368 56.326 99.00 4.766 99.932 67.308 65.000 0.676 58.858 99.973 99.000 0.858 99.00 0.204 99.859 99.736 65.00 0.26 0.27 0.00 0.859 99.204 99.14 0.151 99.00 99.975 99.00 0.911 99.19 0.860 99.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.857 99.09 0.00 0.09 0.858 99.971 99.00 0.926 67.767 99.973 99.00 0.Part I .00 0.766 99.754 99.17 0.854 99.735 99.19 0.205 61.971 99.01 0.967 67.753 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.898 99.00 3.00 0.00 0.905 72.758 73.937 99.07 0.18 0.01 0.06 0.15 0.00 0.536 3.112 99.00 0.00 0.144 74.859 99.135 99.364 56.00 0.01 0.985 99.730 73.04 0.856 99.00 0.754 99.940 99.00 0.326 99.984 99.03 0.979 56.972 99.326 99.151 99.53 0.00 0.971 99.02 0.965 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.909 99.00 0.00 0.00 25.000 55.00 0.01 0.226 73.974 99.56 0.00 2.973 99.006 74.467 74.765 99.00 0.732 61.858 99.736 67.741 99.00 0.00 0.923 99.355 56.937 99.00 0.889 99.033 73.00 0.012 99.00 0.00 0.856 99.15 0.02 0.736 99.00 0.38 0.364 56.14 0.00 0.00 0.562 56.384 56.753 99.05 0.972 99.973 99.061 99.00 0.04 0.00 0.923 99.151 99.062 99.

uk * * Asia support@reiasia.co.Pro.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia.reiusa.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Example Problem 28 102.net * ************************************************************ 291 .co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.com * * Europe support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.

253E-16 9 5.666E-16 4 3.22130 5.519 0.22870 6.373 0.13815 0.Output File .000E+00 10 7.363 0.34695 8.38433 0.602 0.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete. we obtain a report.641E-16 8 4.189 0.238 0.916E-16 11 7.000E+00 5 4.24532 3.466E-16 6 4.683 0.26636 0.13911 8.000E+00 3 2.636 0.13582 0.882 0.028 0.21355 5. look at the output file. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.344E-16 2 2.000E+00 12 7.754 0.19889 0.Part I .61111 1.STAAD output). (This file can be viewed from File .000E+00 .View .025E-16 7 4. (i) Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes.076 0.

02 99.136 9 0.23 0.00 0.04 0. we barely obtained 60%.326 11 0.Example Problem 28 (ii) Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.204 55.00 0.04 0.062 5 0. The out-of-plane flexible nature of 293 .740 99.00 99.871 99.151 0.00 0.061 3 0.536 99.00 0.06 0. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26.00 99.00 0.000 99.151 3. we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode.736 55.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0.012 0. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction.01 0.00 0.202 3.00 25.27 0.00 3.326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command.575 99.042 2 99. The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes.42 0. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode.04 0.04 percent participation.736 55.15 0. The SUMM-X.736 55.204 30.02 99.000 99.000 99. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure.135 7 0. the first 2 modes are sufficient. even with 10 modes.59 0.735 55.00 99.00 99.927 99.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.00 99.13 0.05 99.53 0. One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X.19 99.00 99.112 6 0.00 99. But for the Y direction. the first mode has a 99.969 99.135 8 0.229 99.326 10 0.587 99.151 3.062 4 0.05 0.496 99.00 26.00 99.326 12 0.151 0.14 0.

The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically. The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box.Part I . also result in small participation factors. (iii) Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed. Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 28 the slab enables it to vibrate in a manner resembling a series of wave like curves. This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views. Localized modes. The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. select Post-processing from the mode menu. . where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model.

Example Problem 28 NOTES 295 .

Application Examples 296 Example Problem 28 NOTES .Part I .

The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases. the maximum values of displacements.80m 3.70m 1. forces and reactions are obtained. 1. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. 29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example.80m 1. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case.90m 3.80m 1.Example Problem 29 Example Problem No.00m 297 . For the seismic case. In this model.00m 2.50m 3.

MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 25 3 17. 14 17 18. 26 7 19. 28 15 22. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD.3 0 . The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts. 18 4. REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above. 18 & 19) and generation (20. 2 0 3. 20 22 16 21 2 10. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project. Following this. 22 4 12.11 of the Technical Reference manual. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 23 6 14 24 8 16.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4. 3 0 5.Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. the joint number is followed by the X.5 0 .Pro's graphical viewing facilities.Part I . Y and Z axes.6 7 0 .5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. 18 20 21. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.8 7 0 . 29 18 21 . 19 7. 21 & 22) is carried out. another round of explicit definition (joints 17. 27 11 20. 19 21 22. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. Y and Z coordinates as specified above. 15 18 19. Details of these commands are available in Section 5.

such as members. MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table. we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle. The alternative. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here. and so on. For our structure. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL. Just from the looks of the command.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure. 299 . which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L150X150X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM.

SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported.mm for all members. UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. This command is explained in Section 5.0 DAMPING 0.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0.Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq. UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands. The default. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis. and hence the need to override the default. The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure.05 . may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis. which is 6.30 of the Technical Reference manual.Part I .

Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs.00364 multiplied by 32. only one data set is defined. the keyword FORCE must be used instead. 301 . Here.1000 0. at 0.2 ft/sec^2). ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA. for example. The first stage is defined above. the acceleration due to gravity.007580 0. A sample portion of that file is as shown below.806 m/sec^2 (or 0.TXT. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command.00364 multiplied by 9.0600 0.003640 0. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g".000990 0. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. and we shall be doing so at a later step.006300 0.0400 0. In this file.TXT". the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided.TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data. (If one wishes to specify a forcing function. the EQDATA. That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides. As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers.004280 0.0000 0. Consequently. Thus. the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us.4 of the Technical Reference manual. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration.02 seconds. 0.0200 0.0800 0.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA.31. the acceleration is 0.

using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method.05. how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads. At the Y=7.9 7. Y and Z coordinates in space. STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels. similar to the squares of a chess board. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system. of the area over which the pressure acts. But. It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure. it is a non-structural entity which. Since the slab is not part of the structural model.0 The above data describe a static load case. . LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6.load intensity in the form of pressure. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself.Application Examples 302 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper).0.Part I . and the region of the structure in terms of X. Thus. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel. our structure has a floor slab. We have chosen 0. In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads.1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case.0m elevation. the input required from the user is very simple .

as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions.9 7.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case.806 indicates the value which the accleration data.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1. Thus. b.9 7.9 7. Here we say that the seismic force.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. The data here are a. acting at arrival time 1. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”. which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated. is to be applied along the X direction. 303 .806 The above command too is part of load case 3. loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads.TXT are to be factored by before they are used.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. the selfweight. The number 9.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6. as read from EQDATA. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed.

computing nodal displacements. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations. If there are a 1000 time steps. That means. the maximum from among those time steps is available.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. support reactions and member end forces in the output file. That is what is being done above. he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities. 1000 for FY etc. these will be just the maximum values. and a negative combination. As mentioned earlier.Part I . However. The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations. If we wish to do a design. 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3). Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design.0 In a time history analysis. not the ones generated for every time step.0 2 1. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3).0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements. If the user wishes to see the results for each time step. support reactions.0 3 1. Load combination case no.Application Examples 304 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. . a positive combination.0 2 1. We have chosen the factors to be 1. etc. for the dynamic case.0 3 -1. Load combination case no. for that load case. the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step. there will be 1000 values of FX. one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case.

FINISH 305 .is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12.Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .code check .

29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L150X150X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. 11. 57. 61. 73. 15.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 27 11 20. 42. 69. 46. 76.8 7 0 .Part I . 48. 6. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. 54. 26 7 19. 18.05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 9. 52.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.1 FLOAD -500 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. Intl. 19 7. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 3.0 DAMPING 0. 25. 64. 36. 39. 17. 19. 16. 5.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. 55. 51. 68. 14 17 18. 28 15 22. 14.9 7.3 0 . 29. 78. 7. 22 4 12. 24. 45. 18 20 21.9 7. 19 21 22. 33. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 23. 30.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. 70. 25 3 17. 12. 41. 35. 21. 60. 67. 26. 65. 15 18 19.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9. 75.9 7.5 0 . 71. 18 4.9 7. 27. 40.Application Examples 306 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 22.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) . 63. 3 0 5. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 31. 53. 13. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 20 22 16 21 2 10. 37. 80.6 7 0 .1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. 8. 74. 4. 56.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 43. 32.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 2 0 3.

01067 0.01913 0.553 45.740 0.73101 0.094E-16 5.731 93.618E-16 1.17510 0.002E-14 4.00632 0.18033 0.692 65.270 5.711 12.01067 0. DISK SPACE = 12.0 3 1.011 65.062E-15 6.319E-12 1.0 2 1.07841 0.023 1.07836 0.545 5.497E-16 8.967E-11 8.00662 0.080 3.44194 0.540 5.242E-08 1.198 4.553E-16 1.020 151.650E-10 9. To use these frequencies.566 2.000E+00 4.867E-15 3.375 16.406E-15 6.23820 0.474E-15 The following Frequencies are estimates that were calculated. Remaining values are either above the cut off mode/freq values or are of low accuracy.06107 0.01136 ACCURACY 5. These are for information only and will not be used.01133 0.507E-16 7.01136 0.2 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 4 120 30 54 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.146 89.01918 0. 86.361E-10 1.125 52. 84.405E-15 3.216 1.161E-09 1.185 15.00632 0.830E-15 3.242 16.506E-10 3.01118 0. 83.18051 0. 1 1.467E-16 1.761 15.06561 0.06585 0.02039 0.996 56.63847 0.066E-16 4.48072 0.492E-16 0.303E-07 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 4 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.01522 0.462E-15 2.678E-08 4.Example Problem 29 81.753 12.107 55.82255 0.576 49.419 93.898E-16 7.026 158.614E-15 7.939E-15 3.250E-15 2.01518 0.694 1.0 3 -1.23420 0.01815 0.0 2 1.00662 0.02194 0.01786 0.618E-12 1.000E+00 2.757 151.019 88.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 14/ 4/ 27 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.01119 0.420E-13 307 .060 52.218E-15 9.332E-14 2.996E-16 0.856 88.383 45.01785 0.272 55.374E-15 2.01122 0.295 89.02195 0.613E-16 1.032 4.152E-07 1.032 49. rerun with a higher cutoff mode (or mode + freq) value.220 158.00603 ACCURACY 1.32978 0.1/ 40259.364 89.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.368 1.132E-16 2.02038 0.227 165.06104 0.015E-13 4. MODE 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 88.

00 0.00 0.000 98.436E-13 1.977 99.826 98.00 51.00285 0.00 0.23 0.977 99.023 98.989 100.00 0.036 185.977 99.353 98.82 0.360E-11 1.762E-10 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 X Y Z 0.652 69.122 69.319 85.00 0.977 99.00 0.000 0.653 81.991 99.Application Examples 308 Example Problem 29 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 PERIOD(SEC) 165.728 99.00 0.00 0.809722 87.023 98.00 0.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.815 98.00 0.742 183.00 0.996 99.977 99.00 0.122 59.00 0.950E-10 8.00 0.00 85.794E-07 7.324 85.00 0.652 72.000 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.652 69.00 0.01 0.816 51.653 85.828 99.977 99.977 99.00 2.652 69.758 99.023 98.00 0.068 52.991 99.745E-12 4.46 0.00 0.00 0.977 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.61 0.000 0.068 52.32 98.038 72.23 1.01 0.748 185.00 0.023 98.646E-09 1.991 99.728 99.991 99.728 99.01 0.000 100.760 99.000 0.00 0.00 0.023 99.977 99.Part I .71 0.023 98.00 0.00 0.977 99.816 52.991 99.00 0.52 0.00 0.023 98.000 0.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.728 99.00 0.068 59.991 99.00 0.00 0.977 99.00 0.000 0.00 0.833 0.00 0.00 0.00538 0.991 99.00 0.00546 0.026 183.00 0.991 99.00 0.591 69.038 72.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.39 0.00 0.023 98.452993E+03 5.603 350.00284 ACCURACY 1.00 0.00 0.00 9.061 99.03 0.00 0.061 99.00 0.068 52.00 10.445833 Z= 2.061 99.804 351.00 0.652 69.00 0.02 0.816 51.00 0.25 0.05 0.06 0.455 99.47 0.000 100.310748E+01 2.760 99.00 0.815 98.826 98.00 0.591 69.00603 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.991 99.038 72.023 98.00 13.023 98.00538 0.759 350.758 99.815 98.319 85.00 0.977 99.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.304010E-06 2.03 7.000 51.469E-12 1.00 0.00 0.745833 .038 81.00 0.00 0.39 0.00 0.00 0.00285 0.996 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00546 0.

0000 0.0000 0.3428 9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0160 -0.0000 0.0014 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.0001 0.0015 -0.0104 0.0000 0.0075 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.2573 -7.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0141 -0.0001 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0115 0.0141 -0.0011 -0.0002 0.0173 -0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0004 0.0115 0.0002 0.3120 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 -0.0005 -0.2932 -9.0113 0.2943 7.0173 -0.0000 -0.0016 -0.0001 -0.0453 9.0000 0.0059 0.0000 -0.5461 -8.0189 0.0005 X-ROTAN 0.0001 0.0082 -0.1288 -5.0000 0.6284 -0.0000 0.0068 0.0000 -0.0141 -0.0000 -0.1577 -0.0399 9.0002 0.0025 -0.0124 0.0086 0.0070 -0.0105 0.0000 0.0000 0.0124 0.0107 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 0.0000 0.0001 0.0050 -0.3726 5.0000 0.0100 -0.0107 -0.0141 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0160 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0139 309 .0173 -0.0000 0.0245 -0.0000 0.3323 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0107 -0.4150 5.0000 -0.3726 5.0001 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0113 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3415 9.0145 -0.0124 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0156 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.1577 -0.0001 -0.9290 7.0004 0.0000 0.0050 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.0001 0.7142 5.0000 0.0123 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0001 0.0011 -0.0004 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0158 0.4150 5.0000 0.0004 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0011 -0.2707 -6.0000 0.0004 0.0144 0.0050 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0189 0.0075 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.3585 7.0000 0.0173 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0100 -0.0000 0.0068 -0.0000 0.0023 -0.0021 -0.0088 -0.3897 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0012 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0011 -0.0000 -0.7306 6.0000 0.0014 -0.0015 -0.0104 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0046 -0.0000 -0.0070 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0123 0.0088 -0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0027 -0.5461 -8.0124 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0046 -0.0000 -0.0061 -0.0030 -0.0046 -0.0075 0.0001 0.0000 0.0256 0.3120 -0.0124 0.0000 0.0015 -0.Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0000 -0.0021 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0189 0.0000 0.0046 -0.0114 0.0000 0.0000 0.0015 -0.0015 -0.9290 7.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.1288 -5.3854 0.0030 -0.0001 0.0005 -0.2932 -9.0005 0.0189 0.0000 -0.0021 -0.0000 0.3415 9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.3002 -9.0000 -0.0256 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0107 -0.0000 0.0137 0.0004 0.7142 5.2707 -6.0004 -0.0123 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 -0.0004 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3585 7.0015 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.7306 6.0284 -0.0083 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.3897 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0020 -0.0075 -0.3323 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0137 0.0021 -0.0144 0.0245 -0.0001 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0077 -0.0000 0.0160 -0.0012 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0100 -0.0284 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0118 -0.0013 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0023 -0.0016 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0139 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.9428 8.0145 -0.0015 -0.0050 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0158 0.0000 0.0083 -0.0000 0.0453 9.0156 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0075 0.0202 0.0016 -0.0124 0.0005 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0069 -0.0068 -0.0020 -0.0000 0.0061 -0.

0000 0.0016 -0.1022 -0.00 0.0027 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.0262 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.96 19.0021 -0.0000 -0.00 0.0015 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.65 991.00 0.0077 -0.37 7850.0027 -0.50 -3296.0000 0.74 18.00 0.0100 -0.3266 9.28 991.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 1260.00 0.21 -873.0733 -1.0000 -0.0001 0.74 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.4118 1.9428 8.0003 0.0452 9.0000 0.00 0.0004 0.50 -3296.3720 -0.3996 -1.35 1447.0124 0.03 1260.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.66 3562.0402 9.0123 0.02 -2381.00 0.62 -60.0086 0.0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.0068 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0038 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0006 0.0008 0.00 0.00 0.4118 1.00 0.0082 -0.7947 1.0039 0.0000 -0.0000 0.74 -18.9657 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3728 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.00 0.0000 -0.0002 0.00 0.0013 -0.02 -2381.0004 0.3688 -1.02 -2345.00 0.2573 -7.0452 9.0004 0.0089 0.00 0.0000 0.2817 -9.96 -19.62 -60.3854 -0.15 3278.00 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.0291 -0.0632 -0.0038 0.0000 0.0001 0.0027 -0.6284 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.3002 -9.0291 -0.00 0.0083 -0.0002 0.0000 0.35 1447.0001 -0.0002 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.74 -18.74 -0.0039 0.87 7848.0000 0.0039 -0.37 7850.51 3562.0002 0.0001 -0.70 0.0046 -0.0031 -0.0632 -0.3720 -0.0006 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 -18.00 -18.3428 9.0009 -0.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 60.65 991.0000 0.9556 -0.00 0.0000 0.39 -1412.28 0.0000 -0.0001 0.Part I .96 19.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.39 -1412.51 3562.00 18.00 0.02 -2345.3246 9.00 0.4625 1.0004 0.0000 0.3266 9.0069 -0.00 0.4625 1.0004 -0.50 3293.0000 0.00 0.21 873.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0059 0.00 0.00 0.0001 0.87 7848.0114 0.3246 9.0025 -0.00 0.0118 -0.0030 -0.21 -873.0402 9.0000 0.3688 -1.0000 0.0001 0.0008 0.2812 -9.0105 -0.00 18.0000 -0.00 0.00 0.66 3562.0028 -0.0059 0.0000 0.0089 0.2764 -9.0057 -0.0009 0.64 1257.0000 0.11 -3314.0003 0.0000 0.0021 -0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.0000 0.3674 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0008 -0.00 0.2812 -9.0000 0.3246 9.0025 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.11 -3314.Application Examples 310 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.1022 -0.0000 0.00 .0039 0.00 0.0733 -1.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.0000 0.87 991.00 0.15 3278.9033 -0.0000 0.0008 0.0000 0.0075 -0.0002 0.96 -19.00 0.0059 0.00 0.0000 -0.74 -0.9556 -0.0083 -0.3674 -0.0001 0.87 60.0000 0.0002 -0.64 1257.0000 -0.70 0.0000 -0.0033 -0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0025 -0.2817 -9.0031 -0.0000 0.0399 9.0028 -0.0000 -0.0000 -0.70 0.0000 0.0009 0.0262 -0.0046 -0.0008 0.70 0.2764 -9.0000 0.0002 -0.00 0.0000 0.0086 0.00 0.0009 0.0000 0.9033 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 5 9 13 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.00 0.0008 0.00 0.0001 -0.0033 -0.0216 -1.0001 0.0086 0.0025 -0.0002 0.0426 9.21 873.0124 0.3996 -1.0009 0.3246 9.9657 -0.00 0.50 3293.74 18.0030 -0.7947 1.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0216 -1.0000 0.0202 0.2943 7.0426 9.0025 -0.00 0.0160 -0.0000 -0.3728 -0.0001 -0.

00 0.00 0.23 0.34 -0.21 873.53 3177.62 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 991.22 -124.74 -319.32 7096.77 2793.87 1447.50 -3562.99 -7312.53 5.18 -112.96 -0.73 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 188.63 1260.01 17157.02 873.61 6223.39 -117.48 60.23 0.00 0.64 6061.31 248.55 0.28 -923.64 3296.37 -920.16 -2279.00 0.50 -3562.53 -111.11 -6060.93 1345.00 0.00 0.70 0.00 0.86 0.51 -655.88 112.03 -7511.29 -2244.02 873.39 0.50 -3296.02 2345.19 -17194.24 -0.58 0.24 0.74 18.88 -2836.21 17382.34 0.11 3314.59 -323.01 -0.50 -3562.00 -88.74 18.00 -0.00 68.00 0.02 -873.33 -0.01 0.26 8867.66 -655.40 -117.50 -3562.96 -0.50 3293.74 18.00 0.00 0.63 3296.59 4627.00 0.24 -60.18 0.10 3562.62 0.30 -88.00 4942.59 0.72 -7315.00 68.00 0.22 -124.01 -0.24 -6061.11 7.93 5.68 -11.00 0.21 -124.32 -122.00 -3.00 0.59 0.21 -873.31 4573.00 0.00 123.74 -18.00 0.23 -8.88 -183.00 0.74 0.33 0.40 -0.11 6517.00 0.88 2836.69 -79.00 -88.00 -11475.00 0.03 -8208.55 -7490.98 898.92 -311.03 -8333.15 0.87 -3293.50 0.00 0.21 -873.28 183.15 -112.21 -60.87 111.49 -725.06 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 5 1 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 311 .40 -117.30 210.07 6869.89 -1.00 0.15 -3278.01 0.00 65.88 112.59 0.05 -1311.00 -0.69 -79.03 118.02 2244.40 -1345.24 -88.40 -3212.50 9034.53 5067.71 -60.35 0.96 -19.35 -1447.36 0.60 0.24 -8.19 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 629.02 -873.00 0.19 38.90 -2.23 0.22 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 202.74 0.KGS METE MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 991.00 0.16 -302.00 0.61 6974.52 0.05 -3177.36 0.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.28 -2794.00 -3.52 -111.75 7485.88 -5.31 -7402.26 -8867.32 -6869.57 6805.00 210.21 60.00 118.21 -124.58 0.90 -311.00 -5067.36 -0.04 -2889.87 7848.53 0.86 12248.88 60.46 -722.13 -3055.00 0.11 -2381.73 3562.00 0.06 -6642.53 7302.55 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 629.00 0.21 -17341.00 -3055.45 7488.40 117.47 -38.50 -9034.19 -4569.95 0.37 -179.35 0.50 3293.14 -3070.13 3055.96 7850.62 3278.58 -323.23 0.34 1.03 -0.74 0.00 117.16 304.37 -11600.01 0.39 1412.21 0.00 8333.71 3049.00 8208.00 0.37 0.03 -118.25 3562.75 -3293.96 -19.42 11475.03 -118.00 0.97 0.75 12006.35 -3314.68 -11.39 -117.00 118.85 -2539.38 0.00 123.10 11886.97 179.97 -12469.37 7596.02 2381.01 0.63 895.24 -0.88 -5.87 -5.00 -18.60 5.16 3212.41 -5848.00 -210.50 0.59 -4627.00 0.00 65.01 5848.00 11600.70 19.21 -60.00 65.23 -0.00 0.66 121.74 18.04 -254.74 -18.00 0.00 -12280.24 0.06 -6933.88 0.06 118.53 0.59 0.00 0.00 0.87 -5.06 -118.59 -456.16 123.00 0.94 2708.47 254.58 -4942.50 -11886.65 -7514.58 -323.50 -3296.21 873.21 60.35 -12006.07 -38.29 1311.87 0.34 -0.77 -2793.74 0.24 -210.39 -2345.00 -18.01 -0.87 111.88 12436.00 3055.57 5.00 0.74 -456.04 -6517.00 0.36 1.16 123.59 -323.60 -6811.15 -1412.00 117.70 0.00 65.00 0.66 121.02 2279.00 0.00 0.90 -1.31 -122.01 -0.39 117.20 -178.74 319.58 3562.06 0.24 -0.64 1257.70 19.06 -118.19 -24.

70 -19.58 323.60 -6811.03 -118.97 0.50 -9034.37 -11600.24 -60.93 -5.00 -123.59 323.40 -117.51 -655.00 0.74 -18.00 4942.87 7848.00 3.00 0.35 -3314.63 3296.74 0.53 5067.00 -65.06 118.04 -254.16 -123.03 -8208.00 0.39 -0.90 -2.96 19.16 -2279.24 8.36 -1.00 -11475.00 -65.40 0.24 0.21 873.35 -1447.06 -118.01 -0.39 -117.87 1447.13 -3055.00 0.88 -183.74 -456.23 -0.63 895.53 0.00 -118.88 -112.88 60.06 -6933.74 -319.00 0.85 -2539.22 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 202.00 88.16 3212.10 3562.00 8208.01 0.02 873.49 -725.86 0.74 0.15 0.88 5.00 3055.00 0.14 -3070.32 -6869.50 -3562.01 -0.92 311.03 -7511.36 0.15 -3278.04 -6517.68 11.88 5.01 -0.00 0.55 -7490.Application Examples 312 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.66 -121.53 7302.00 18.69 79.00 -118.23 8.28 183.47 -38.90 311.22 124.59 4627.28 -923.74 -18.00 0.58 -4942.48 60.00 0.00 3.24 0.87 5.61 6223.47 254.55 0.23 0.73 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 188.06 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 11 1 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 .59 323.19 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 629.00 -68.21 -873.74 319.99 -7312.21 60.18 112.35 0.52 111.75 12006.96 19.15 -1412.32 122.59 0.62 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 991.21 60.31 -7402.40 117.03 -8333.30 88.21 124.21 17382.96 7850.59 -456.74 18.53 -5.00 0.75 -3293.07 -38.00 -210.02 -873.00 11600.00 0.21 -17341.59 0.05 -3177.02 2381.50 -3296.02 873.01 0.10 11886.65 -7514.00 -65.73 3562.00 0.93 1345.58 323.35 -12006.74 0.66 -655.71 3049.24 -6061.00 0.42 11475.37 -920.00 0.00 0.06 -6642.50 9034.00 0.37 -179.00 -117.59 0.50 -3296.96 0.23 -0.21 -873.00 8333.87 -111.53 111.93 2708.00 0.04 -2889.Part I .59 0.00 -68.58 0.64 3296.02 -873.31 248.02 2345.21 124.06 -0.35 -0.11 -6060.50 -11886.95 0.16 -123.19 -17194.26 8867.50 3293.00 0.00 -123.50 -3562.21 -60.05 -1311.60 0.64 6061.70 -19.00 -0.37 7596.29 -2244.24 -0.63 1260.00 0.57 6805.16 304.00 0.00 88.00 18.31 4573.22 124.00 0.15 112.00 210.00 0.01 17157.00 0.13 3055.00 0.31 122.40 -1345.01 -0.57 -5.39 1412.50 0.24 -210.37 0.32 7096.29 1311.00 -65.45 7488.00 0.02 2279.24 0.16 -302.36 -0.34 0.46 -722.69 79.74 0.40 -3212.90 1.19 -4569.30 210.03 0.39 -2345.89 1.19 38.61 6974.01 0.00 0.58 0.74 -18.00 0.02 2244.25 3562.53 3177.00 0.50 -3562.00 0.52 0.70 0.23 0.70 0.03 118.00 0.33 0.34 -1.50 -3562.64 1257.87 -111.50 3293.87 -0.97 -12469.38 0.21 0.74 -18.26 -8867.00 -3055.11 -2381.00 0.98 898.60 -5.77 -2793.88 -2836.36 -0.97 179.88 0.00 0.40 117.11 3314.01 0.KGS METE MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 991.11 6517.88 12436.03 118.19 -24.00 -12280.28 -2794.39 117.53 0.18 0.00 0.87 -3293.68 11.77 2793.21 873.50 0.01 5848.87 5.33 0.00 0.72 -7315.24 88.88 2836.74 18.21 -60.62 -0.34 0.41 -5848.96 0.00 -0.06 118.88 -112.11 7.00 0.39 117.24 0.55 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 629.00 -5067.59 -4627.00 0.66 -121.75 7485.00 0.00 0.34 -0.23 -0.71 -60.62 3278.58 3562.07 6869.00 0.20 -178.86 12248.00 0.00 -117.

09 0.23 66.21 873.76 -1.63 -2873.44 2723.93 -209.00 1.53 -7.69 -1168.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 -0.21 873.02 -0.28 8249.76 -0.60 11224.07 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 17 18 60.00 0.01 0.29 1.50 -675.16 5756.00 -1178.01 -0.19 17 183.77 -5488.27 0.00 0.08 0.59 17 12426.63 69.08 17 -6388.44 -6812.53 -0.00 0.08 0.67 0.87 -248.02 -873.01 0.23 0.01 8335.03 -0.23 -0.71 3426.31 0.00 -3417.00 0.74 394.00 -3417.03 -1.01 0.62 -10804.00 -1178.29 2873.52 19 -12564.19 4 -2836.59 -0.73 1.01 -0.31 -55.64 -0.93 1656.64 0.02 120.02 665.52 8 9591.76 1.00 0.67 0.67 -0.27 -0.27 0.04 8 2793.03 1.09 -0.23 -0.02 0.93 1656.04 19 -9591.66 3417.02 -0.90 -450.27 -0.00 -1.02 6344.09 -0.72 -19.00 0.92 2341.16 0.54 -1656.60 11224.33 -9962.30 723.03 8 12564.23 -307.68 0.00 -0.27 0.01 -0.93 2539.68 0.76 -1.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 -0.21 873.21 -60.50 -2708.62 -10804.01 0.01 -0.08 4 -12426.76 1.01 0.01 -0.64 0.38 6223.64 1.01 0.64 0.57 -523.93 -209.33 -9962.20 -2341.03 1.76 -1.12 6869.00 0.08 12 -12426.00 2137.87 -248.19 20 183.42 60.03 0.01 0.61 0.00 0.50 -3426.23 -0.60 -10916.53 0.00 0.18 1194.00 -0.00 0.02 6344.33 -7393.00 0.09 -0.09 0.30 1.09 0.00 0.64 -0.30 1.00 0.30 209.27 -0.59 -0.23 -0.00 0.25 -2085.54 126.02 -873.62 1311.00 -0.01 -0.27 2794.71 -3882.09 -8701.66 -1078.09 -0.00 0.37 -8481.00 0.44 2723.36 2.03 0.66 3417.50 0.30 -1.02 0.64 -1.74 394.03 -0.20 2085.68 -0.27 0.73 6517.53 -7.31 9569.29 -1.23 0.09 -0.64 -0.00 -0.30 13.91 -6517.00 0.51 0.71 0.09 0.93 2539.07 20 2836.02 -723.02 59.29 2873.97 178.50 2212.01 -0.00 -0.68 0.64 0.69 -1598.18 1194.00 0.01 0.19 971.02 -723.03 0.64 -1.46 1170.07 17 2836.01 0.00 0.09 -9886.16 5756.09 -8701.08 20 -6388.KGS METE MEMBER 13 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 17 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 4 -183.18 -5288.64 0.00 0.54 313 .00 0.06 12 -183.01 0.21 -60.09 -0.82 2889.27 2794.92 2341.02 -6869.68 0.15 3070.20 2085.72 -19.18 -52.12 6869.16 0.73 0.07 12 9407.68 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.27 -138.19 12 -2836.67 0.62 1311.50 0.53 138.73 5685.50 -675.89 -4112.01 -0.42 -394.79 -3049.00 0.00 0.01 -1.76 1.23 0.02 8 -6619.97 9494.33 -977.21 10508.03 -0.07 4 9407.01 -0.00 1.42 8857.68 0.09 0.30 723.53 138.69 267.09 0.50 2212.73 0.00 0.78 -267.00 -1.79 -3049.11 2970.47 8 179.28 8249.03 19 6619.71 -0.33 -7393.33 17 -9407.02 -0.77 -5488.45 1598.59 20 12426.00 19 -179.47 19 -2793.09 -0.33 20 -9407.42 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.00 0.73 -1.66 -1078.01 -0.00 0.89 -4112.02 0.28 -1.68 -0.01 0.45 -665.00 0.30 -1.00 0.01 0.48 0.31 -55.76 0.01 -0.07 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 126.01 8335.00 0.02 -6869.23 66.63 69.00 0.00 -0.54 -1656.31 9569.27 0.61 -1.28 41.09 0.51 0.78 -6.02 -0.26 0.57 -523.09 0.00 0.30 209.21 -60.91 7747.33 4 6388.02 -873.02 0.33 12 6388.09 0.

11 2970.83 2889.97 9494.59 0.00 0.00 0.76 136.24 -0.64 1.01 -0.00 0.25 -2085.64 1.64 0.00 0.00 0.48 -0.00 -0.00 2137.51 -25.00 0.06 -0.63 -22.92 4.27 -138.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 -8481.00 0.00 0.64 0.64 0.51 -25.24 0.51 -0.00 0.33 -977.01 0.24 -12.36 0.78 -267.00 0.23 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.00 118.06 11.00 0.51 25.03 0.91 -6517.02 120.21 873.00 0.00 0.01 0.45 -665.50 -3426.01 0.00 -136.88 -5.08 -25.09 -0.03 22 6619.24 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -2873.64 -0.89 131.00 0.69 -1598.06 -0.00 0.50 -2708.00 -1.00 0.26 0.00 0.KGS METE MEMBER 19 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.06 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 23 1 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.16 0.23 0.00 0.69 267.18 -5288.00 0.19 971.00 323.25 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.01 0.00 22.80 -25.27 10.02 -873.00 0.00 0.51 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 -0.01 0.06 -11.24 -0.50 0.00 0.66 -311.23 -0.36 0.63 22.59 -311.00 -323.02 16 -6619.00 0.00 588.00 0.31 0.76 136.00 0.02 665.46 1170.92 4.66 -11.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.51 0.23 12.60 -10916.06 0.00 0.80 136.00 0.97 178.63 -22.51 -25.Part I .66 11.23 -307.01 0.27 -10.00 0.25 323.20 -2341.00 0.45 1598.00 0.00 0.00 22 -179.89 0.00 0.20 -112.00 0.25 323.06 -0.00 0.63 22.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 0.06 0.63 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.51 -562.00 0.09 -0.01 0.88 112.00 0.64 0.00 0.50 -562.61 1.00 -0.25 323.00 0.00 0.08 -118.01 588.04 -118.50 562.03 -0.27 0.08 0.50 0.66 311.63 -22.80 -136.36 2.88 -5.00 0.63 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.01 -0.88 112.00 0.03 16 12564.01 -588.01 -0.01 -588.01 0.23 -0.00 0.00 0.59 0.06 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -9886.25 .00 0.51 -25.03 -1.00 0.23 0.00 25.47 22 -2793.00 0.92 -131.00 1.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.28 1.52 16 9591.00 0.01 -0.25 -323.00 0.00 0.00 118.00 0.00 0.00 -22.00 0.00 0.28 41.64 -0.06 -0.00 0.42 -394.01 588.00 0.27 -0.44 -6812.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 59.21 -60.00 0.23 0.00 0.00 0.71 3426.00 0.64 -0.63 22.52 22 -12564.01 588.00 0.61 0.00 0.38 6223.00 0.25 -323.51 0.16 -112.06 0.01 -0.51 25.00 0.08 -118.04 22 -9591.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.76 25.00 0.23 -0.51 -25.00 0.51 25.30 13.00 0.20 0.08 118.27 12.04 25.64 0.92 -131.01 1.85 0.59 311.78 -6.04 -118.00 0.18 -52.51 25.73 6517.00 -0.76 -136.51 0.51 562.90 -450.25 -323.42 8857.00 0.64 -1.21 10508.00 0.06 -0.00 0.00 -588.01 0.04 16 2793.00 0.00 0.91 7747.23 0.71 -3882.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 131.09 0.47 16 179.00 0.00 0.15 3070.08 -0.51 0.80 136.36 10.00 0.06 0.00 -136.73 5685.04 118.Application Examples 314 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 -25.36 -10.01 -588.27 -12.00 0.69 -1168.

10 -0.10 0.91 -2.66 -0.65 31.KGS METE MEMBER 25 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 29 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 3 361.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.92 0.00 3.66 17 -20414.66 0.00 0.00 0.66 -0.00 1150.97 -14.51 1125.11 -0.11 0.58 -0.38 17 9558.03 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.47 214.66 0.05 -0.97 375.01 -0.93 24.01 -10.00 0.14 -408.82 100.10 -0.78 7 4937.00 0.96 17 -5115.01 0.52 20.57 180.66 -0.11 0.91 29.13 7 348.40 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -116.06 -0.00 0.01 0.00 0.68 22 -4937.22 22 -298.40 0.47 -171.81 -161.11 0.86 -2.63 -0.01 0.00 -0.86 2.46 19 9661.27 19 -20134.02 0.57 180.42 14.13 15 348.00 0.05 0.52 365.83 -5.00 0.03 0.21 27.52 17 14986.00 -0.00 0.02 -128.37 7 20184.47 0.63 0.93 2.34 0.66 -0.93 24.54 -20.00 0.53 0.00 0.00 0.83 -5.00 0.00 0.46 -32.97 171.50 36.68 7 14898.06 3.01 -0.47 16.86 -2.84 -2.52 3 -9509.66 0.00 0.94 -420.51 1150.93 -2.81 -161.42 14.00 0.00 0.37 22 -14898.54 -166.38 -162.00 0.62 0.09 106.11 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.75 25.58 15.72 -16.00 0.68 19 -4937.62 0.73 3 5115.43 0.00 0. 91.03 -0.47 214.40 -3.11 -0.54 -0.05 -0.00 0.00 -0.97 -14.96 20 -5115.02 -0.00 0.03 0.11 -0.66 0.54 0.34 -3.82 7 -9612.09 106.38 -162.52 20 14986.66 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 -0.00 0.51 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 25. 90.52 20.93 2.66 0.58 15.00 0.72 -16.10 0.50 36.11 0.00 0.18 20 -311.00 -0.00 0.91 29.54 -166.51 25.51 11 361.01 -0.00 -0.00 0.23 171.00 -0.22 19 -298.27 22 -20134.52 -116.01 -10.84 2.97 171.63 -0.11 0.58 0.49 216.10 -0.51 0.93 -2.10 0.00 0.82 100.63 0.68 15 14898.10 0.83 11 20463.52 365.65 31.51 1150.92 -0.22 -10.38 20 9558.00 0.00 0.01 -0.63 -0.79 392.10 0.00 0.73 11 5115.00 0.37 19 -14898.79 392.10 0.00 0.00 0.80 41.97 375.52 166.63 0.11 -0.84 57.40 -3.63 0.66 0.80 41.94 -420.01 0.51 1150.37 15 20184.10 -0.22 -10.83 15 -9612.18 17 -311.46 -32.91 2.47 -0.84 57.21 27.66 53.43 0.66 53.66 0.00 0.78 15 4937.14 -408.00 0.62 -0.00 1125.00 0.62 0.96 11 -14986.53 0.86 2. 92.54 -20.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 171.75 25.47 -171.47 16.00 0. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL 315 .00 0.11 0.92 -391.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.47 22 9661.11 -0.10 0.92 -391.96 3 -14986.00 -0.03 0.00 -0.00 0.66 20 -20414.00 -0.05 0.52 11 -9509.49 216.00 0.10 -0.00 0.83 3 20463.00 0.00 0.52 166.63 0.02 -128.

72 C PASS 59.07 SECTIONS) 0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.72 C 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.465 168.22 SECTIONS) 0.3B 1.465 -170.2+ 0.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST W310X97 PASS 73.62 SECTIONS) 0.05 SECTIONS) 0.76 SECTIONS) 0.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .8.8.25 C PASS 15.34 T PASS 1.9.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3C 0.86 T 18 ST W250X39 PASS 16.80 12 0.00 11 0.53 SECTIONS) 0.8.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.320 112.8.8.465 168.16 C (CANADIAN CSA-13.2+ 0.8.21 T PASS 121.9.A -0.50 11 1.850 110.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.26 SECTIONS) 0.3B 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 12 3.00 11 0.9.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.A 1.9.3B -1.462 168.860 105.9.9.80 12 0.324 -113.05 SECTIONS) 0.840 103.8.860 105.2+ 0.68 C 20 ST W250X39 21 ST C200X17 22 ST C200X17 PASS 123.840 103.66 C 11 ST W310X97 PASS 71.95 SECTIONS) 0.A -1.850 107.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.17 12 3.462 168.69 C PASS 71.00 11 3.50 11 1.06 SECTIONS) 0.A -1.850 110.00 .64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B 0.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.95 SECTIONS) 0.01 (CANADIAN CSA-13.Part I .46 SECTIONS) 0.50 12 1.05 SECTIONS) 0.86 T PASS 16.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 11 3.25 C 19 ST W250X39 PASS 15.00 11 0.324 -113.14 T 10 ST W310X97 PASS 73.A 0.14 T 4 ST W310X97 PASS 73.470 -170.320 112.9.50 12 1.21 T PASS 1.9.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B -1.143 -3.68 C PASS 123.80 12 0.05 SECTIONS) 0.07 SECTIONS) 0.46 SECTIONS) 0.A 0.53 SECTIONS) 0.A 1.8.76 SECTIONS) 0.8.80 11 0.80 11 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.06 SECTIONS) 0.8.74 C PASS 65.00 12 1.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.A -0.00 11 3.00 SECTIONS) 0.850 107.80 12 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 12 1.PRO CODE CHECKING .74 C 3 ST W310X97 PASS 65.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.26 SECTIONS) 0.8.Application Examples 316 Example Problem 29 STAAD.43 T 13 ST W250X39 14 ST W250X39 15 ST W250X39 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 PASS 121.43 T PASS 73.009 -0.62 SECTIONS) 0.3B -0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.9.3B 1.00 11 0.8.470 -170.2+ 0.3B -0.00 11 3.A 0.69 C 2 ST W310X97 PASS 71.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.66 C 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 7 ST W310X97 8 ST W310X97 9 ST W310X97 PASS 71.465 -170.

3C 0.9.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.12 SECTIONS) 0.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B 0.00 12 2.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@reiasia.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.009 0.net * * * * North America support@reiusa.20 C 26 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.492 -11.48 11 2.3C 0.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 C 93.538 4.net * * INDIA +91(033)2357-3575 support@calcutta.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.55 12 2.48 11 2.539 4.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6015/16 support@reiasia. FINISH (CANADIAN CSA-13.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 (CANADIAN CSA-13.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.net * ************************************************************ 317 .co.3B -0.com * * Europe support@reel.8.19 11 0.reiusa.20 C 28 ST L150X150X13 PASS 197.8.16 C 25 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.3B -0.Pro. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@reiusa.00 SECTIONS) 0.8.00 SECTIONS) 0.539 4.co.46 C 27 ST L150X150X13 PASS 200.8.00 11 0.3B 0.143 3.02 (CANADIAN CSA-13.17 SECTIONS) 0.co.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 23 ST C200X17 PASS 1.8.22 SECTIONS) 0.uk * * Asia support@reiasia.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * CANADA +1 (604)629 6087 staad@dowco.co.538 4.46 C 29 ST C200X17 PASS 0.12 SECTIONS) 0.55 11 1.50 *********** END OF THE STAAD.03 (CANADIAN CSA-13.A 0.8.34 T 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.00 SECTIONS) 0.

Application Examples 318 Example Problem 29 NOTES .Part I .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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problem 3.. “Strength of Materials.77 8.. S.1 Verification Problem No. Van Nostrand Co.. COMPARISON: Support Reaction. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system.” Part 1. D. Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8. Inc. 3rd edition. 1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss. 1956. page 346. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.77 None .

18. 2 FY -10.6 MB 21.00 0. 14. .Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.77 5.00 0. 50. 11. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 5. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0.0 .00 0. 3 150. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8.00 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 19. 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. * THEREFORE IF P=10. 2. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 12. 3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. 9. 3. 100. Intl. 0. 4 2 4 . 7. 6. 0. . REACTION = 8. DISK SPACE = 12.9 MB.77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0. 3 2 3 . 15. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 . STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 5.00 0. 10.0 . 3. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 2 5 PRIS AX 3. 17. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. EXMEM = 568.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 2 1 3 . 4.00 0.00 0.77 -8. 8. 4 300. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.877P. 5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5. 2 150. 13. 20. . FINISH . 16.0/ 3123.

2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass. Young.0 ksi A = 7. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure.3 Verification Problem No.. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W.533 0.. “Vibration Problems in Engineering.0 ft.0 ft B = 3.0 lb/in..1-3. and Weaver. 1974.533 None . W. sec 0.” John Wiley & Sons. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000. problem 1. page 11. K = 300. Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam. D. 4th edition. S. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e 3 Period.

3 10. 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.000 100.533 SEC. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. MEMB INCI . 20.. 0.000 ACCURACY 0.Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 10.876 0.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.WEAVER. EXMEM = 568. 6. 13. MEMB PROP .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.6 MB NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = *** 1 1 1 EIGENSOLUTION : SUBSPACE METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 1 PERIOD(SEC) 1. (4TH EDITION.. 1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300. 15. 21. DISK SPACE = 12. 0. FINISH X Y 0. 17.000 0.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0. PROB 1. 11. 19. 1 2 PRIS AX 1. 5. Intl.53317 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22. VIZ. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD .YOUNG. 3. 2 FY -1000.00100.9 MB. 9.0/ 3123. 7. . IZ 1. . MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 5 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 4. F = 1. 1 0. 2. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO. PAGE 11.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD .00 0. 12.000E+00 . 2 7. 16. 8. 0. 18.

PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm. REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam. 3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element. A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated. Uniform pressure= 5N/sq.5 Verification Problem No.mm .

Defl.50 kNm .5x10 N. 18.5KN.Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq.20 mm Max Moment 22.51mm Max. deflection = WL /8EI. moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22.m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18.51 mm 18.mm = 22.50 kNm 22.

MM.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 126 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 5 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 8/ 5/ 36 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.6 MB 21.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.91 -1.47 11.0813 Z-ROTAN 0. 14. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25.00 0. 19. Intl.47 0. FINISH . 17.0 CONSTANT E 210. EXMEM = 568.56 5. 13. 9.00 0.91 -112. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0. 18.00 0.6 MB. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 20. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0. UNIT KN METER 23.8159 X-ROTAN 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0. 2.00 -18. 6. 10. 8. 11.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.54 5. 5.00 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 15.00 1. 12.00 0. 3. 4. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0.0000 1.00 0.19 -18. 7.1/ 3123. DISK SPACE = 12.54 0. 16.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

Inc.. “Strength of Materials. problem 2. COMPARISON: Reaction..5 None . PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure. 1956. D. page 346.9 Verification Problem No. 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support. 3rd edition. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1. Van Nostrand Co. S. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.5 1.” Part 1..

PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.6 MB 21. 3.00 0. DISK SPACE = 12.9 MB.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 13. 20. 7. 4 FY -1. 10. Intl. . 10. MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP .50 1.00 -5.00 0.00 0. . 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. 5. 2. CONSTANT E 3000. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.50 -1. 3 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1. 18. 0.Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. 20. 8. IZ 100.0/ 3123. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 6. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 16. 2. EXMEM = 568. 4. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 2 0. FINI . 15. 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 4 10. 11. 12.00 0. 17.00 0. 14. . 19. 20. 9.00 0.00 0.

Y P P X 13.1. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle. in Solution σ Theory 3575.. 1956.5 in Diameter = 10 in.01040 0. 2. δ 0. and Deflection (δ). problems 1. Difference None * The value is recalculated. P = 26000 lb. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle.01037 None .” Part. page 97... E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).* STAAD 3575.5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13. 3rd edition. Van Nostrand Co. S.11 Verification Problem No. D. psi.“Strength of Materials.

EXMEM = 568. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 9.0 0.00086 .0 0.0/ 3123.3 0.7 MB 19.00000 0.00000 0.0 0.00 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21.0 0. 16.0 1. 12.0 BEND-Z 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 1 1 0.00000 0.0 3575. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . .3 3575. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 4 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00000 0.104 INCH FOR MAX.3 0. 0. 1 5 FY -26000. 17.4 0.5 0.00000 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 20.4 441.3 3575.0 0. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .0 1.00000 0.0 4 1 .0 0. 5 86.00000 0.0 3575. Intl.00000 0. DEFLECTION.5 0. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.0 3575. 3 43.0 3575. 8.00070 -0.00000 0.3 441.00000 -0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.00 0. 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP . STRESS * AND 0.0 0. 2.0 1.0 2 1 . 4 72.0 0. .00000 0. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO. 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S.0 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 3. 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10.00000 0. 2 13. 11. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX.3 3575.0 0. 10. 6.0 0.0 1.0 0. .0 0.3 0.3 3575.3 0.01037 0. 0.3 3575.0 0.9 MB. 15.00000 -0.00086 0.0 441.0 0.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. **************************************************** * * * STAAD. .00 0.0 3575. 1 AND 2.00000 0. 0.3 3575. 14.00000 0. DISK SPACE = 12. 13.00 0.00000 -0.4 441.0 0.0 0.0 0. MEMB INCI .00000 0.00070 0. 18. 7.01138 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.01138 0.Part II – Verification Problems 12 1.0 3 1 .0 0.4 0.00000 0.00000 0. ID 0. 4. 5.3 0.0 3575.

6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. E and I same for all members. J. 1975. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. page 383. REFERENCE: McCormack.5. COMPARISON: Moment.13 Verification Problem No. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44.44 Small .40 44.” Intext Educational Publishers. C. “Structural Analysis. 3rd edition. example 22 ..

7. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. IZ 0. 13. 11.00 3. 3. 20. 2 0. MEMB LOAD . PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0. 4 20. 5.33 0.33 -3.MAX BENDING = 44.4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.33 3. EXMEM = 568.44 2 1 2 3 3.00 0.44 -44.33 -3.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. Intl. 14.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 15. 3 20. MEMB INCI . MCCORMACK. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1.0/ 3123.00 -20. 12.21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19. 17.8 MB.33 0.00 0. 8.00 0. 20.33 20.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 4.00 0. 6. 0.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .44 3 1 3 4 20. .00 0. 2 UNI Y -2.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. DISK SPACE = 12. FINISH .Part II – Verification Problems 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 -3.44 22.00 44.00 0.7 MB 18.00 0.00 0. .00 20.00 0. 1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 . STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 0. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER .00 0.00 0.00 44. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5.00 -22.00 0.00 -20. . 0. 2. 9. 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C. 16.00 0. 10. 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP .21 -44.

C. in. 1975. page 271. REFERENCE: McCormack. Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2. J. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection..2. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure. AX 9-11 = 3 in2.15 Verification Problem No. AX 12-13 = 4 in2. AX 5-6 = 2 in2.63 None . GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2.63 2. 7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss. AX 7-8 =1. “Structural Analysis. 3rd edition.” Intext Educational Publishers.5 in2. example 18 .

DISK SPACE = 12.00000 0. 20. 15.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0. 21. 7 30.00000 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.12000 -0. 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20. 9. ANSWER .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.24000 -0. 22. 14.48000 -0.00000 0. 13.5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK.0/ 3123.0 5 6 PRIS AX 2.5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 . 12.63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15. 8. 26.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 8 3 8 .72000 -0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 7. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 8 45. 11. 15.Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 24. 7 3 6 . 18.00000 0. 9 3 7 10 1 6 . CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 12 13 PRI AX 4.00000 0. 4 4 5 .7 MB 30. 4. 2 3 4 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 28.06578 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. EXMEM = 568. . 7. 7 8 PRI AX 1.63033 0.5 . PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2.24000 -0. 27. 3 4 8 .18000 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.83516 0. 19. 16. 7. 23.00000 -0. 6.00000 0. Intl.12000 -0. 2.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2. 5. 3.00000 0. 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.00000 . 11 5 8 .00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31.29758 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 5 1 2 6 2 3 .00000 0. 25.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 5/ 5/ 11 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.8 MB.00000 0. 29.00000 0. 17.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.89516 -2.00000 0.00820 0. 10.

1975. 8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. J.. C.” Intext Educational Publishers. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment. page 385. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure. REFERENCE: McCormack.40 69. 3rd edition.44 Small . Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69. problem 22 .6.17 Verification Problem No. “Structural Analysis.

* * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 18.00 -5.00 0.00 0.34 -69.00 0.74 -3. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 10. 2 0 30 . Intl.74 -3. 13.00 0. 16. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 0.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69.74 0.00 0. 6. 10. 8.74 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 3.00 0.09 9.8 MB.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23. DISK SPACE = 12. 17.00 0.00 0.91 3. EXMEM = 568.00 0.7 MB 22. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 3 30 30 . PAGE 385 PROB 22-6. 2. * ANSWER .66 3 1 3 4 9. 11.66 45.44 -66. FINISH .4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 10.74 20. 20.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. .Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0. 15.00 66.00 0.00 0.0/ 3123. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK.00 69.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 7. 12.44 2 1 2 3 3. 19.09 -3. 9. 14. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.09 -20. 21.74 3. 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY.00 0. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30. 4.91 0.00 0. 5.91 -9.

19

Verification Problem No. 9
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads
in a 1x2 bay plane frame.

REFERENCE: McCormack, J. C., “Structural Analysis,” Intext
Educational Publishers, 3rd edition, 1975, page 388,
example 22 - 7.
PROBLEM:

GIVEN:

Determine the maximum moment in the frame.

E and I same for all members.

COMPARISON:
Moment, Kip-ft
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

MMax
176.40
178.01
0.91%

Part II – Verification Problems

20

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STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 9
*
* MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.
* REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK,
* PAGE 388, PROB 22-7. ANSWER - MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.4 K-F
*
UNIT FT KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 ; 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4 ; 5 3 4 ; 6 5 6
MEMB PROP
1 TO 6 PRI AX .2 IZ .1
CONSTANT
E 4176E3
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT ; 1 2 FIXED
LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD
JOINT LOAD
3 FX 20 ; 5 FX 10
PERFORM ANALYS

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
6/
6/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
3/
3/
9 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB
22. PRINT FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP FEET
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
3

-22.26
22.26

15.06
-15.06

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

178.01
123.16

2

1

2
4

22.26
-22.26

14.94
-14.94

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

176.73
122.10

3

1

3
5

-6.51
6.51

4.97
-4.97

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

34.49
64.93

4

1

4
6

6.51
-6.51

5.03
-5.03

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

35.34
65.24

5

1

3
4

9.91
-9.91

-15.75
15.75

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-157.65
-157.44

6

1

5
6

5.03
-5.03

-6.51
6.51

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

-64.93
-65.24

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
23. FINISH

21

Verification Problem No. 10
OBJECTIVE:

To find the maximum axial force and moment due to
load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame.

REFERENCE: Weaver Jr., W., “Computer Programs for Structural
Analysis,” page 146, problem 8.
PROBLEM:

Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the
space structure.

GIVEN:

E = 30E3 ksi,
AX = 11 in2
IX = 83 in4
IY = 56 in4
IZ = 56 in4

COMPARISON:

Solution
Reference
STAAD
Difference

FMax (kips)
1.47
1.47
None

MY,Max (kip-in)
84.04
84.04
None

MZ,Max (kip-in)
95.319
96.120
Small

Part II – Verification Problems

22

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STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 10
*
* REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS'
* BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO. 8.
* ANSWER - MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.47 (MEMB 3)
* MAX BEND-Y= 84.04, BEND-Z= 95.319 (BOTH MEMB 3)
*
UNIT INCH KIP
JOINT COORD
1 0 120 0 ; 2 240 120 0
3 0 0 0 ; 4 360 0 120
MEMB INCI
1 1 2 ; 2 3 1 ; 3 2 4
MEMB PROP
1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. IX 83. IY 56. IZ 56
CONSTANT ; E 30000. ALL
POISS .25 ALL
SUPPORT
3 4 FIXED
LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD
JOINT LOAD
1 FX 2. ; 2 FY -1. ; 2 MZ -120.
PERFORM ANAL

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
4/
3/
2
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
2/
2/
12 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
12
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 3123.8 MB, EXMEM = 568.7 MB

24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS)
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
-----------------JOINT LOAD
X-TRANS
Y-TRANS
Z-TRANS
X-ROTAN
Y-ROTAN
1
2
3
4

1
1
1
1

0.22267
0.22202
0.00000
0.00000

0.00016
-0.48119
0.00000
0.00000

-0.17182
-0.70161
0.00000
0.00000

-0.00255
-0.00802
0.00000
0.00000

0.00217
0.00101
0.00000
0.00000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP INCH
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------JOINT LOAD
FORCE-X
FORCE-Y
FORCE-Z
MOM-X
MOM-Y
3
4

1
1

-1.10
-0.90

-0.43
1.43

0.22
-0.22

48.78
123.08

-17.97
47.25

Z-ROTAN
-0.00213
-0.00435
0.00000
0.00000

MOM Z
96.12
-11.72

23

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KIP INCH
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

0.90
-0.90

-0.43
0.43

0.22
-0.22

22.71
-22.71

-17.97
-34.18

-36.37
-67.36

2

1

3
1

-0.43
0.43

1.10
-1.10

0.22
-0.22

-17.97
17.97

-48.78
22.71

96.12
36.37

3

1

2
4

1.47
-1.47

-0.71
0.71

-0.48
0.48

-37.02
37.02

15.69
84.04

-53.28
-95.32

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

25. FINISH

Part II – Verification Problems

24

NOTES

25

Verification Problem No. 11
OBJECTIVE:

A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one
steel wire. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in
temperature.

REFERENCE: Timoshenko, S., “Strength of Materials,” Part 1, D. Van
Nostrand Co., 3rd edition, 1956, page 30, problem 9.
PROBLEM:

Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid,
determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the
temperature rise is 10º F.

GIVEN:

Esteel = 30E6 psi, Ecopper = 16E6 psi
αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F, αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F
AX = 0.1 in2

MODELLING HINT:

Assume a large moment of inertia for the
horizontal rigid member and distribute of the
concentrated load as uniform.

COMPARISON:
Stress (σ), psi
Solution
Theory
STAAD
Difference

σSteel
19695
19698
Small

σCopper
10152
10151
Small

ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. 12. . 4. 20. 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN.15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 . 6.NO. 7. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. 3 ***WARNING . 20. PAGE 30. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1). 20. 5. 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0.0000004E+03 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. 4 0. EXMEM = 568. 17. PROB 9.VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 10 **NOTE** STAAD DETECTS INSTABILITIES AS EXCESSIVE LOSS OF SIGNIFICANT DIGITS DURING DECOMPOSITION.4 5 UNI Y -400. 24. 6 10. 20. DISK SPACE = 12. 1 2 3 SUPPORT . 22.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 6 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 6. MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS . 1 2 3 TEMP 10. 16.NO. 18. 13. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 3/ 3/ 10 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 5 5. 4 5 PRI AX 1. 9.0/ 3123. 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD .8 MB. 14. 21. 2 5. 1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. WHEN A DECOMPOSED DIAGONAL IS LESS THAN THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR TIMES THE ORIGINAL STIFFNESS MATRIX DIAGONAL. CONSTANT . STAAD PRINTS A SINGULARITY NOTICE.NO. . 8. Intl. 10. . 3 10. 11. E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. 0. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19695 PSI AND 10152 PSI.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE . 0. . 15. THE BUILT-IN REDUCTION FACTOR IS 1. . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 3. TEMP LOAD . 2. IZ 100. 19.000E-09 THE ABOVE CONDITIONS COULD ALSO BE CAUSED BY VERY STIFF OR VERY WEAK ELEMENTS AS WELL AS TRUE SINGULARITIES. 23.1 . THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.Part II – Verification Problems 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 0.6 MB ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN.

0 1.0 0.8 T 0.8 1522.0 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 19698.00 10150.0 0.6 0.8 0.0 5 1 .0 2 1 .0 0.00 0.0 10150.0 3.27 25.4 1522.0 0.8 10150.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 19698.8 T 0.0 0.6 1477.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 4 1 .0 0.0 0.0 0.8 10150.0 3.00 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3 1 .3 19698.0 0. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 1477.0 1.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.3 T 19698.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.0 3.8 T 10150. FINISH .0 10150.8 T 10150.8 0.0 1.00 10150.3 T 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 28 NOTES .

.. Van Nostrand Co.29 Verification Problem No. psi and Deflection (δ). REFERENCE: Timoshenko.5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0. 3rd edition.” Part 1.12 None . PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses.5 in2. “Strength of Materials. 10000.5 in2 L=180” A=0. D. in. page 10. Inc. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).12 0. Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000. problem 2. None δA 0. 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss. 1956.. 30° 30° L=180” A=0. S.

8.0/ 3123. 19. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK .0 T 0. EXMEM = 568.0 0.7 MB.0 0.00000 0.00000 0.76914 0. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD .88457 -90. MEMB INCI .00 10000. DEFLECTION = 0. 16. 13.0 10000. 12. 2 155.0 1. 5.6 MB 21. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .00000 X-ROTAN 0. FINISH . 3.00 10000. 6.00000 Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS Z-TRANS 0. 9.0 0. 11.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 14.0 0.00000 0.Part II – Verification Problems 30 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. DISK SPACE = 12.0 0.00000 0.0 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 1.0 0.00000 0.0 0. 15.12000 0. Intl.00000 0.00000 0.0 10000. 7. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO. 20.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.00000 0.00000 -0.0 T 0. 18. 3 311.0 0.00000 0.0 0. . PAGE 10 PROB 2. 2 FY -5000.0 0.00000 0. 0.00000 Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0.00000 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 X-TRANS 1 1 1 0.0 T 10000. .0 0. 4.0 10000.0 0.15 ALL SUPPORT .12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.0 T 10000.0 0. 17.0 10000. 10.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 2 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 0 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 2.0 2 1 . 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0.

Y 15 k (WL) 2k/ft (DL + LL) 5 5 5' 2 6 7 9 8 3 10' 6 7 8 4' 4 4 16' 11' 1 3 2 1 X Members 1. 4 = W14X43 Members 5.117 0.668 1. PROBLEM: Determine the allowable stresses (per 1989 AISC code) for the members of the structure as shown in figure. Ninth Edition.916 .157 . REFERENCE: Attached step by step hand calculation as per 1989 AISC ASD code. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Hand 1.582 1.117 0.936 . PRO 1. Memb 8= L40404. 13 TYPE: Steel Design.024 .119 .936 . 7 = W16X36.1576 . Members 3. 2 = W12X26.025 .914 Calculation 1.31 Verification Problem No. Also.823 1. Memb 9 = L50506 SOLUTION COMPARISON: Governing ratios for the members Member No. perform a code check for these members based on the results of the analysis.668 1.579 1.823 STAAD. 6.119 .

268/276.54) x 20.1817 ksi [Clause F1-8 page 5-47 10 x 12 x (12.8.1576 20. From observation Load case 1 will govern. ninth edition. Allowable bending stress = F b = 12.65 in 2 . Allowable Stress Design. Fx = 25. Sz = 33. page 5-54 of Manual.31 = 1.38 = 2.0 = 20.39 in 3 From clause F1-2.0 kip (compression).Part II – Verification Problems 32 VERIFICATION PROBLEM 13 HAND CALCULATION Manual / Code refers to AISC Manual of Steel Construction. Mz = 56. page 5-45 of Manual.1817 Therefore formula H1-2 governs and ratio = 1.6 x 36 20. page 5-54 of Manual 3.85 x 20.1817 Try formula H1-2. a = 7.466 sq.38 ksi (Table C-36 page 3-16 of manual) fa = 25.54 ksi Try formula H1-1.49*0.5 x 12/33.1576 .466) of Manual] (kl/r)y = 120/1. fb = 56. x 1000 x 1./7. Steel Design Member 1.238.268 + 0. 3.39 = 20.65 = 3.268 15. L c = 6.31 ksi (kl/r)z = 120/5.in. L = 10 ft.078 (1-3.22/2.268.31 = 1.85 ft.38 + 0.5038 = 79. so Fa = 15. Size W 12X26.5 k-ft Area of compressive flange = 6.1639 = 23.. so F’ez = 276.

7 in 3 From observation load case 3 will govern.1385 + 20.5038 = 39. Fx = 25.69. so Fa = 19. Mz = 112. Size W12X26.1385. Therefore.85ft) [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual] Fb = 0.76 Member 3.6 ksi (kl/r)y = 132/1.6 x 36 = 21.48 ksi since fa/Fa less than 0.65 in 2 . a = 7. page 5-54 of Manual 1. Mz = 56. page 5-54 of Manual . Sz = 62. Size W14X43.19 23. use formula H1-3.66 = 21.9141 19.31 = .. L = 11ft. a = 12.39 in 3 From observation load case 1 will govern.5 kip (compression). Fb = 0.76 ksi (Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual) (kl/r)y = 60/1. L = 5 ft.15.173 k-ft Refering to clause F1-2.8941 = 69.65 = 1.90. apply formula H1-3.19 ksi Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual fa = 8.173 x 12/62.8548 = 0.6 = 2. Sz = 33.71/7.66x36 = 23.33 Member 2. L c = 8.5 x 12/33.4 ft..31 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0.0593 + .39 = 20. so Fa = 16.71 kip (compression). Fx = 8.024.50 k-ft Since L is less than L c (6.6 in 2 .15. fb = 56.5/12. page 5-45 of Manual.46 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 25. fb = 112.

7 in 3 From observation.4 ft Since L is less than L c Fb = 0. Size W16X36.5 = 12. page 5-55 of Manual.6 in 2 .48 = 0.994 = 1. From observation. Sz = 62.52 = 39.123 + 0.75/12.6 x 36 21.6 in 2 .04 k-ft Since L is less than L c .66 = 21.23 ksi [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 14.024 + 21. L = 5ft.12 ksi . so Fa = 19.37 ft.48 ksi Combined tension and bending. [Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual.904 = 0. a = 12.032 + 0.6 = 1.49 in 3 L c =7.173 k-ft L c = 8.6 = 0.76 Member 5. Sz = 56.66 x 36 = 23. Mz =57.04 x 12/56. Fx = 8.02/10. a = 10.46 21. f b = 112.117 16.75 kip (tension)./1. load case 3 will govern.936 23. L = 4ft.76 ksi (kl/r)y = 60. Mz = 112. Fx = 14. fb = 57.76 ksi [Clause F1-1 page 5-45 of Manual] f a = 8. 0.694.73x12/62.6 Member 4. load case 3 will govern.Part II – Verification Problems 34 2. Size W14X43.694 + 0.66 x 36 = 23.32.48 = 0. use formula H 2-1. Fb = 0.02 kip (compression).47.

000C b /F y) =53.65 kip (compression).062 = 1. so Fa = 9.510 = 0.25 ksi (Kl/r)y = 192/1.6 in 2 .057 + 1.26/(1530.25 = 0.533/9. Forces at midspan are Fx = 5.. with Cb = 1.29. page 5-47 of Manual) [(2/3) – 36*107.35 Since fa/Fa less than 0.65/10. page 5-54 of Manual] 0.119 . use formula H1-3.79 = 107.14 ksi Since fa/Fa less than 0.25 k-ft From Chapter F of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.15 use formula [H1-3.49 in 3 From observation.02 L/r T = 192/1.5203 = 126.26*107. fb = 71.26 53.6 = 0. page 5-54 of Manual 1. specs.76 Member 6. Mz = 71.23 12. sqrt(102.49 = 15.36 [Table C-36 page 3-16 of Manual] fa = 5. load case 1 will govern.26 < 119. Sz = 56. a = 10.15.36 + 15.229 < 107.32 + 19.12 = 0.000)]*36 = 14. L = 16ft.069 + 0.000C b /F y) =119.229 sqrt(510.25x12/56.02 Therefore F b (as per F1-6.14/14.533.0. Size W16X36.579 23.

37ft (Clause F1-2 page 5-45 of Manual) From observation load case 3 will govern. 2. L =4ft.76 Ksi fa = 24.6027 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) .96X12/56.37 Since combined tension and bending.06 kip (tension).37 = 0.49 = 13.0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2.specs.2698 + 13.1241 Kl/r = 7. Choosing the larger of above 2 values. Size W16X36.60 Ksi [Clause F15. fb = 62.49in 3 Lc = 7. Fx = 24.76 Member 8.6 = 2. M z = 62.6in 2 .0*pi*pi*29000/(0.795 is less than Cc.9108 Qa = 1.2698.Part II – Verification Problems 36 Member 7.96 k-ft From Clause F1-1.071 ft.5627 = 0.00447*(4/0. L = 7. Fx = 23. Sz =56. page 5-55 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed. Since section is in tension.73 0. specs.0.04 kip (Comp. page5-45 of Manual]. use formula H 2-1.6 x 36 23.06/10. Size L4x4x1/4. Fa = 11.105 + 0.94 in 2 From observation load case 1 will govern.34 – 0.9108*36)) = 132.66 Fy = 23.9108 sqrt(2. Fb = 23. Fb = 0. Hence.) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.60X36 = 21. Fb = 0. a = 1.25)*sqrt(36) = 0.071 x 12 = 106.6677 0. Qs = 1. a = 10.76 ksi = allowable compressive stress. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.

0*pi*pi*E/(Q*Fy)) = sqrt(2.99 is less than Cc. Fa = 16.34 – 0.418 ksi Therefore Ratio = fa/Fa = 13.9824 Qa = 1.04/1. Hence.024 Member 9. Qs = 1.876/11.657 x 12 = 68.9824*36)) = 127. load case 1 governs.44 kip (Comp.375)*sqrt(36) = 0. L = 5.specs.876 ksi Therefore.44/3.301 = 0. Fx = 48.0*pi*pi*29000/(0.57 0.657 ft. a = 3.94 = 11.) Fa is computed as per page 5-310 of the AISC ASD 9 th ed.0.2238 (Kl/r)min = 5.602 = 1.418/16.301 ksi (computed per equation 4-1) Actual compressive stress fa = 48. Ratio = fa/Fa = 11.61 in 2 From observation.37 Actual compressive stress fa = 23. Cc = Q = Qs * Qa = 0.823 .9824 sqrt(2.00447*(5/0.61 = 13. Size L5x5x3/8.

LOAD COMB 3 .17 3 2 1 3 3 1 3 .00 0.00 0.64 -2.00 0. 3 2 4 .00 0. 9. 7.20 -10. 21.50 -3.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 25.00 0. 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.2 MB 2 20 27.00 -12. 22.00 -5. 2.00 0. Intl.00 0.77 2. 11.00 0. 4 25 11 5 0 15 .65 10. 25. 15. 5. DISK SPACE = 12.00 0. 2 25 0 .00 -25.00 25.00 0. 13.00 0. 14.05 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0. 6 25 15 .00 0. 8 9 CONSTANT E 4176E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 4. 16. 18.65 5.83 -15. 24.00 0. 5 FX 15.00 0.0 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD .64 -10.00 0. 8 3 7 .00 -25. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 13 * * THIS DESIGN EXAMPLE IS VERIFIED BY HAND CALCULATION * FOLLOWING AISC-89 CODE.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 9/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 4/ 4/ 15 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 10.50 -25. 5 6 7 UNI Y -2. 4 4 6 5 5 7 .34 2 4 2 4 25.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 0.00 56. 8 21 15 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 .00 0.00 0. 26.29 -10. LOAD LIST 1 3 28.20 0. 7 5 15 . 3 0 10 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL. 1 0.00 0. 20.Part II – Verification Problems 38 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17.77 0. 12.65 -5.00 0.00 0. 3 4 TA ST W14X43 5 6 7 TA ST W16X36 .00 0.00 62.00 12.00 0.50 5. 8 TA ST L40404 . 9 4 8 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 TA ST W12X26 .00 0. 8. 2 3 5 .00 0. 1 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DL + LL MEMB LOAD .00 112. 6 7 8 .75 2 0.65 1. 3.71 -8. 7 8 6 .05 -1.00 0. 10. * UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 .52 -3. 9 TA ST L50506 MEMB TRUSS .52 3 5 3 5 8.71 15. 23. 19.50 0.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.83 10.15 0.00 0.00 -56.00 0.0/ 40242.

33 0.00 0.00 0.00 FTY= 27. L= 132.16 -26. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 SZ= 62.60 | | FTZ= 21.H1-3 0.50 -6.00 0.50 19.00 0.00 0.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.00 0.60 FV= 14.117 3 25.9 CB= 1.00 4 8 4 8 26.02 8.00 FC= 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 24.00 0.75 -57.00 0.00 0.00 0.65 SZ= 33.00 56.00 0.85 -24.50 C 0.00 0.85 -24.00 0.96 8 6 8 6 -12.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .00 0.00 0.00 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .00 0.65 -5.04 -23.44 -48.0 ALL 32.00 0.00 0.00 FTY= 27.4 SY= 5. UNIT KIP-INCH.50 -8.04 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 FV= 14.3| | KL/R-Y= 39.75 8.00 0.00 0.00 YLD= 36.44 0.3| | KL/R-Y= 79.76 62.00 -62.00 0.75 -12.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * 1 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 0.20 15.00 C 0.61 FT= 21.00 0.4 SY= 5.71 C 0.00 0.95 5 7 5 7 -10.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 20.75 -8.00 0.157 1 25.00 0.60 FV= 14.KIP FEET MEMBER 4 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 4 6 6.00 0.00 0.50 10.50 14.75 0.00 0.00 FTY= 27.41 0.916 1 8.00 FC= 16.00 0.85 12.02 -14.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.64 14.50 0.26 FT= 21. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.34 57.00 0.60 FCY= 27.39 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.41 5.0 AX= 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 FCY= 27.00 0.00 YLD= 36.00 17.20 -10.71 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 FT= 21.3| | KL/R-Y= 69.00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.50 6.00 0.00 0.29 15.00 0.00 0.76 FCY= 27.0 AX= 12.50 0.00 0.76 | | FTZ= 23. PARAMETER 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -15. L= 120.00 0.7 SY= 11. L= 60.96 -15. TRACK 1.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 3 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 YLD= 36.00 0.00 -112.76 -112.06 24.7 CB= 1.85 12.83 -8.00 FC= 18.06 1.H1-2 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.18 | | FTZ= 21.00 0.29 15.00 0. CODE AISC 31.75 -10.00 0.04 -62.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W12X26 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.H1-3 1.00 56.00 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.00 0.65 SZ= 33.17 15.65 10.8 CB= 1.00 0.00 0.25 -0.95 3 7 3 7 23.64 10.00 0.17 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.00 0.25 3.(AISC 9TH EDITION) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.00 3.04 7 8 7 8 5.00 0.0 AX= 7.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.16 48.00 0.

7 CB= 0.6 CB= 1.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------33. UNIT KIP-INCH.65 C 0.0| | KL/R-Y= 39.00 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST L50506 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.9 AX= 3.3| | KL/R-Y= 25.3 CB= 1.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 0.76 | | FTZ= 23.60 FV= 14.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7. L= 48.26 FT= 21.00 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.H1-3 0.00 FC= 16.76 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23. L= 84.KIP MEMBER TABLE FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST W14X43 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.60 SZ= 62.668 3 24.H1-3 1.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 8 ST L40404 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 FCY= 0.5 SY= 7.60 SZ= 56.= 69.823 3 48.06 T 0.0 AX= 12.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.9| | KL/R.39 FT= 21. L= 192.0 AX= 10.60 FV= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 FCY= 0.00 FC= 9.04 C 0.00 | | FTZ= 0.00 -57.00 FC= 18.00 FTY= 27.5 SY= 7.17 0.76 | | FTZ= 23. UNIT KIP-INCH.8 SY= 3.76 FCY= 27.119 1 5.76 FCY= 27.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.30 FT= 21.00 YLD= 36.3 CB= 1.025 1 23.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 14.25 8. L= 67.00 FTY= 0.00 62.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.Part II – Verification Problems 40 ALL UNITS ARE .0| | KL/R-Y= 31.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) PASS AISC.00 -71.00 -112.H2-1 0. FINISH .02 C 0.H2-1 0.36 FT= 21.60 FV= 14. L= 60.00 0.04 5.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 0.00 FC= 20.00 YLD= 36.H1-1 0.60 SZ= 56.00 FTY= 27.00 YLD= 36.00 0.00 FC= 11.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.H1-1 1.5 CB= 1.7| | KL/R.0| | KL/R-Y= 126.76 | | FTZ= 23.= 106.936 3 8.44 C 0.60 FV= 14.60 SZ= 56.87 FT= 21.5 SY= 7.00 FTY= 27.00 0.582 3 14.0 AX= 10.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 14.00 YLD= 36.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.25 | | FTZ= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------* 6 ST W16X36 (AISC SECTIONS) FAIL AISC.9 AX= 1.75 T 0.0 CB= 0.94 SZ= 0. UNIT KIP-INCH.61 SZ= 1.00 | | FTZ= 0. L= 48. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 FTY= 0.7 SY= 11.96 0.60 FCY= 27.60 FT= 21.0 AX= 10.8 SY= 1.00 FC= 18.

521. PROBLEM: A plane frame is created with such loading as to create 138 Kip-Ft moment on beam and 574 Kip of axial load coupled with above moment on column. SOLUTION COMPARISON: ACI notes CRSI Handbook STAAD Area of Steel in beam 2.32 k 5.23% provided .792 sq. X 2.in.41 Verification Problem No. column 14 x 16 inch. 14 TYPE: Concrete design as per ACI code.32 k 521.78 sq.in Area of Steel in column X 4. REFERENCE: CRSI Handbook and Notes on ACI-318 from ACI.09% required 4.01% 4.268 k / ft 2 2 3 1 3 1 15' 4 20' GIVEN: Size of beam is 10 x 16 inch.

32 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -5.00 -13.69 0.00 0.00 13.69 13. 16. ZD 10.00 0. 29. 18. .00 0. 15. 12.69 0.87 67.00 0.0/ 40242.00 0.00 0.00 0. Intl. . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 574.00 0. 14.00 -574. 7. 20.87 3 1 3 4 574. ZD 14.00 0.0 MEMB 2 FYMAIN 60. DISK SPACE = 12. 2 0. 3 20. .00 0.87 2 1 2 3 13. 0.00 137. 15. 4 20. 5.87 -137. 2 2 3 . CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 4 FIXED UNIT FT LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE JOINT LOAD 2 3 FY -521.44 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24. 2 PRISM YD 16.68 52.68 0. 4. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . 21.00 0.00 0. 26. 27.4375 ALL DESIGN BEAM 2 . UNIT INCH START CONC DESIGN CODE ACI 1999 TRACK 1.00 -67.69 52. 22. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION FOR CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT KIP FEET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.268 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 1/ 1/ 6 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.44 -137. 6.00 -574. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 9. 3. 10. 13.69 -13.1 MB 2 6 23. 2. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 15.00 0. 30.69 -13.0 ALL FC 4.00 137.Pro * * Version Bld * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 ALL CLB 1.00 0. 8. 19.Part II – Verification Problems 42 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17. 11.00 0. 25. 28. 3 3 4 UNIT INCH MEMBER PROPERTY 1 3 PRISMATIC YD 16. 0. 31.

IN. LOADING 1 ___ 2J____________________ 240.00 X 16.00 IN END 0.4000 PSI.14. FC .54/ 4.48 IN2.700 ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 33.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137.60000 FC . STEEL = 2. | ||=========================================================================|| | | |___________________________________________________________________________| _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | 2#10 | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | OO | | | | | | | | | | | | | |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| |_________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 32.164 SQ.00 X 16. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.60000. REQD.792 IN2. DESIGN COLUMN 1 ==================================================================== COLUMN NO.FLEXURE PER CODE ACI 318-99 FY . 20. IN. 1 DESIGN PER ACI 318-99 .00 INCHES. REQD.873 IN2 MAX NEG MOMENT = 137.X 16_____________________ 3J____ | | | | | | | | | 2#10H 3.17 inch^4 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED.53 KIP-FT AT 10. FINISH .00FT. STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2.16/ 2.AXIAL + BENDING FY .4000.792 IN2.43 ===================================================================== BEAM LEN - NO. LOAD LOCATION PHI ---------------------------------------------------------12 .X 10. 0. FT.232 1 (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS ON EACH FACE) TIE BAR NUMBER 3 SPACING 14.00 INCHES LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR FT. FT. IN. 2 DESIGN RESULTS .87 KIP-FT. DEVELOPMENT LENGTH = 48.87 KIP-FT.10. ROWMX=0. MAX. SIZE . STEEL PERMISSIBLE = 2. MAX. STEEL = 2. TIED AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 9. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 2. ROW=0.TO 240.0033 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 10.52 INCH | |----------------------------------------------------------------| Cracked Moment of Inertia Iz at above location = 1837.10 0 + 0-0/0 20 + 0-0/0 YES YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 125.73 INCH | | REQD. STA END _____________________________________________________________________ 1 0 + 2-5/8 2-NUM.0214 ROWMN=0.00 FT. RECT SIZE .0185.NUMBER 8 4. LOADING 1 *** A SUITABLE BAR ARRANGEMENT COULD NOT BE DETERMINED. IN. END CONC DESIGN 34.

it uses only bars of the same size. The program is not equipped with facilities to come up with such combinations of bar sizes. the program reports that it could not come up with a bar arrangement. If an arrangement is not possible with that bar. However. If all the permissible bar sizes are exhausted. this does not mean that it is impossible to come up with a bar arrangement. it tries with the next larger bar size. 3 # 11 bars and 2 # 10 bars may satisfy the requirement. the user may be able to satisfy the requirement by mixing bars of various diameters. However. When STAAD looks for a bar arrangement. For example. It begins with the bar size corresponding to the parameter MINMAIN.Part II – Verification Problems 44 NOTES STAAD reports that it is unable to find a suitable bar arrangement to satisfy the reinforcement requirement for the negative moment at the two ends of beam 2. .

45 NOTES .

Part II – Verification Problems 46 .

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