Payoyo, Rea Joy O.
The Taus g or Suluk people are an ethnic group of Sulu and Malaysia. The term Taus g was derived from two words tau and s g (or suluk) meaning "people of the current", referring to their homelands in the Sulu Archipelago. S g and suluk both mean the same thing, with the former being the phonetic evolution in Sulu of the latter (the L being dropped and thus the two short U's merging into one long U). The Taus g people in Sabah refer to themselves as Taus g but refers to their race as Suluk as documented in official documents such as birth certificates in Sabah, Malaysia. The Taus g are part of the wider political identity of Muslim of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan known as Moro ethnic group, who constitute the third largest Ethnic groups of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan. They originally had an independent state known as the Sulu Sultanate, The Taus g presently populate the Filipino province of Sulu as a majority, and the provinces of Zamboanga del Sur, Basilan, Tawi-Tawi, Palawan, Cebu and Manila as minorities. Etiquette Culture Tausugs are experienced sailors and are known for their colorful boats or ''vintas''. They are also superb warriors and craftsmen. They are also famous for their Daling-daling dance in Sabah, that is a mixture of Arabian Belly Dancing and Indian Classical Dancing that is best performed as a musical complete with Story-telling in Suluk. The Tausug speak bahasa sug, a Malayo-Polynesian language related to the Visayan variety spoken in Surigao, and write in a Malayo-Arabic script known as jawi or sulat sug. Other ethnolinguistic groups in Sulu include the Samal/Sama, the Yakan, the Badjao, and the Jama Mapun. Health practices The main means of livelihood among the Tausug people are farming and fishing. Some farmers still use swidden agriculture, by which fields are cleared by slashing down the trees and brush, letting them dry, and then burning them. The soil, fertililized by the ash, is then planted with rice. Their main crops include dry and wet rice, coconut, coffee, yams, cassava, corn, and various kinds of fruit. Fishing is done from motorized boats in offshore waters using fishnets, hook and line, or bamboo traps. They also raise livestock, including water buffaloes, cattle, goats, chickens, geese, and ducks. On special occasions and weddings, they perform their traditional dance called daling-daling (a dance in which dancers wear curved metallic nails on the finger tips) and sing Sulu pantun 'Sulu poems' accompanied by a musical instrument called gabbang 'bamboo xylophone'.
What are their needs? Many of the Tausug people are living below poverty level. It has a thatched roof and sits on stilts six to eight feet above the ground. Pray that God will send helpers to the Tausug to help meet their spiritual needs and be a channel of blessing. they have tutors that give them religious instruction from the Qu'ran (Islamic Holy Book). The body of the deceased goes to hell. where the punishment of his sins will be revealed according to his wrongdoings while he was living. Usually. They believe in environmental spirits that may cause either good fortune or sickness. As the children grow. principles and values. other Islamic sources of law include Ijtihad (independent judgment) and Qiyas (analogy). and as the source of all Islamic Law. The Five Pillars of Islam are dec-laration of beheb in the oneness of God and the prophethood of Muhammad and the four obligations of praying. The house is surrounded by a series of raised porches leading to a separate kitchen.The typical Tausug house is built in a rectangular shape. The body of the deceased goes to hell. Aside from the Quran and the Sunnah and Haddith (literally. They believe that a person has four souls which leave his body when he dies. they retain some of their animistic beliefs and practices associated with the spiritual world. revealed to the prophet Muhammad through archangel Gabriel. "a way. almsgiving. and pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in one's
. Their view of life after death mixes Islamic beliefs with non-orthodox beliefs in spirits. The Quran is considered by all Muslims as the words of Allah (God). or manner of acting"). More efficient farming methods and more innovative fishing techniques will help raise the standard of living among the people. There is also a need for improved health care. A translation has been completed in the Tausug language. Despite the influence of Islam. where the punishment of his sins will be revealed according to his wrongdoings while he was living. They believe that a person has four souls which leave his body when he dies.
What do they believe? Sunni Islam is the majority religion of the Tausug. Religious Beliefs and Practices The Tausug follow standard Islamic beliefs and practices. Their view of life after death mixes Islamic beliefs with non-orthodox beliefs in spirits. rule. a wall is built around it for protection. Pray that God would give the Tausug access to it and give them receptive hearts. the walls are constructed with timber or bamboo beams and enclosed with coconut or nipa palm leaves. fasting.
which later developed into "ritual suicide. 128-130). The Tausug concept of religious merit also differs from that of the orthodox Muslims. Unjustified killing transfers the merits of the offender to the victim. Traditional practices which were "medi-cal" in intent included the sacrifice of a hen near a balete tree. Failing to understand this religious dimension. a flying creature which enjoys the liver of corpses. Aside from Allah or Tuhan. the Spaniards and the Americans have reduced the concept into a psychological disorder." The term derives from the Malay words perang meaning "war" and sabil. the life-soul associated with the blood. Those who die in the struggle are pronounced shahid (martyrs) and automatically gain a place sulga (heaven). and Dar-alSulk (House of Truce). egg white applied topically on and for burns. It is resorted to when all forms of organized resistance fail. Classical Muslim Jurists divided the world into Dar-al-Islam (Land of Islam) or those territories where the Law of Islam prevails. the Tausug are also concerned with spirits inhabit nature. the breath or life essence. respectively (Kiefer 1972a:112-114. and the demerits of the victim to the offender. A concept often misunderstood is parang sabil or holy war. although their services are utilized when certain spirits need to be appeased. Dar-al-Harb (Land of War) which includes those countries where Muslim Law is not in force. and are interchangeable with the concepts of karayawan (state of goodness) and kasiksaan (state of suffering).lifetime. They are not considered religious officials. like the balbalan (manananggal). Among these are the saytan (evil spirits) and jinn (unseen creatures). Some saytan have names. and who are believed to be the cause of human suffering. The terms sulga (heaven) and narka (hell) do not denote places but states-of-being. where peace is attained by the payment of tribute which guarantees a truce or armistice. Native medicine include raw squash mixed with coconut milk for meningitis. especially rocks and trees. The Tausug also believe in the four composites of the human soul: the transcendental soul." It refers to a jihad (holy war) against those who threaten the sanctity of Islam. as in the case of the agama (religious) priests. territories not conquered by -Muslim troops. However. and others. Indigenous beliefs persist. have referred to the shahid as juramentados and amock. and the spirit-soul who travels during dreams and who causes the -shadow. The Christian devil finds its counterpart in iblis. from the Arabic "fi sabil Allah meaning "in the path of God. lagundi leaves for malaria. respectively. an illness that has been suc-cessfully diagnosed is not attributed to supernatural causes. The object was to soothe the anger of the saytan believed to be the cause of the illness
. who tempts people into evil. Dar-al-Ahd (Land of the Covenant) consi-dered as a temporary and often intermediate territory between Dar-al-Islam and Dar-al-Harb. Incantations were said and a rooster was set free near the same tree. Indigenous healing practices are assumed by the mangugubat (curer) who have direct access to the spirit world.
The Maranaos. lived in isolation far from the sophisticated life of the cities. In other words. It is also considered the most beautiful bird in the world. The lake is surrounded with myths and legends. Philippines. Peacock was declared India¶s National Bird in 1963.
. They settled around the edge of Lake Lanao. located at the Islamic City of Marawi. which means the "people of the lake". the word ³MERANAO´ is a compound word composed of ³MERA´ which means ³peacock´ and ³NAO´ which means ³awake´. ³meranao´ means ³an awake peacock´.