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xL xR

yH

Horizontal distance = xR – xL

yL

Vertical distance = yH – yL

y

P 2(x 2,y 2)

P 1(x 1,y 1)

x

d=

( x2 − x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 − y1 ) 2

**The Straight Line Slope of a Line:
**

y

P 2(x 2,y 2)

y 2 – y1

m = tan α

⇒

m=

y 2 − y1 x 2 − x1

α

P1(x 1,y 1)

x2 – x1

x

The slope, m is positive if the line is inclined upwards to the right but is negative if the line is inclined downwards to the right. For horizontal lines, m = 0 and for vertical lines, it is undefined, i.e m = ∞ .

1 . m2

**For parallel lines, m1 = m2 ; for perpendicular lines, m1 = − Midpoint of a Line Segment:
**

y

P 2(x 2,y 2)

Let ( x, y ) be the coordinates of the midpoint of the line segment P1P2.

M (x, y)

P1(x 1,y 1)

x=

x

x1 + x 2 2

y=

y1 + y 2 2

y

L2

**Angle Between Two Lines:
**

L1

φ

x

Equations of Straight Lines: General equation: Point-Slope Form: Ax + By + C = 0 y – y1 = m (x – x1) a given where A. i.e. P1P = k P1P2 P(x.e.y2) such that P1P is a given fraction k of P1P2. divide through by ± A 2 + B 2 (using the sign in front of B).y1) and P2(x2.y 1) x Then x = x1 + k (x2 – x1) y = y1 + k (y2 – y1) Note that k is positive if the directed line segments P1P and P1P2 are similarly directed and negative if P1P and P1P2 are oppositely directed. B & C are real numbers where (x1.y) be a point located on the line joining P1(x1. m − m1 tan φ = 2 1 + m1 m2 where m1 – slope of initial side.e. line L2 Division of a Line Segment: y P 2(x 2. . y1) & (x2. i. then transpose the constant term to the right. i.y) P1(x1.e. y2) are given points x 2 − x1 y y = mx + b where b – y-intercept of the line x y + =1 Intercept Form: a b where a – x-intercept of the line x cos β + y sin β = p Normal Form: where p – distance of the line from the origin b p β a x To reduce the equation Ax + By + C = 0 into the normal form. i.y2) Let P(x. line L1 m2 – slope of terminal side.Let φ be the angle measured counterclockwise from line L1 to line L2. y1) are the coordinates of point Two-Point Form: y – y1 = Slope-Intercept Form: y 2 − y1 (x – x1) where (x1.

d could come out either positive or negative.y 1) x As in the normal form of a line.y 1) P2(x 2. it means that the point is below the line.y 3) For a triangle with given vertices. it means that the line is below (or to the left of) the origin. 2 2 2 2 Ax + By = −C Distance Between Two Parallel Lines: y Ax+By+C2=0 d d = x Ax+By+C 1=0 C 2 − C1 A2 + B 2 Distance from a Point to a Line: The perpendicular distance from a point P1(x1.y 2) x Note that for the computed area to be positive. the vertices should be numbered in the counterclockwise order The area formula is sometimes written in the more convenient form shown below. use the sign in front of B in the denominator. If d is positive. If p is positive. it means that the point is above the line while if it is negative. y1) to the line Ax + By + C = 0 is given by y Ax + By + C = 0 d d= Ax1 + By1 + C ± A +B 2 2 P1(x 1. Area of a Triangle: y P3(x 3. it means that the line Ax + By + C = 0 is above (or to the right of) the origin while if p is negative. A= 1 x1 2 y1 x2 y2 x3 y3 x1 1 = [ x1 y 2 + x 2 y 3 + x3 y1 − x1 y 3 − x3 y 2 − x 2 y1 ] y1 2 .=p ± A +B ± A +B ± A2 + B 2 Note that p can be positive or negative. x1 1 A= x2 2 x3 y1 y2 y3 1 1 1 P1(x 1. Hence.

-2) P1(3. ellipse and hyperbola compose the conic sections (or simply conics) since each of them can be formed by a plane which is made to intersect a cone. The fixed distance is called the radius. To find k. (–2.2) P2(2. 2). ∴x – y – 4 = 0 3.3) Numbering the vertices in the counterclockwise order. The Circle: A circle is the locus of a point in a plane that moves so that it is always equidistant from a fixed point (called the center). . Find the equation of the line through (3. . . . .-1) P5(0. –1) and (0.0) A= 1 3 2 0 2 3 −1 2 −2 −1 0 −2 3 0 = 1 [9 + 4 + 1 + 4 + 0 − (−6 − 0 − 4 − 3 − 0)] 2 = 3 1 square units 2 2. Solution: The equation of the required line can be obtained by interchanging the coefficients of x and y from the given equation and changing the sign of one of them. 3). What is the equation of a line that passes through (4. . A= 1 x1 2 y1 x2 y2 x3 y3 . –2). i. Find the area of the pentagon having vertices at (3. k = –4. Hence. The circle. 5x – y + k = 0 ⇒ 5(3) – 1 + k = 0 ⇒ k = –14 ∴5x – y –14 = 0 THE CONIC SECTIONS A conic section is the locus of a point that moves such that its distance from a fixed point (called focus) is in constant ratio to its distance from a fixed straight line (called directrix). 0) and is parallel to the line x – y – 2 = 0? Solution: The equation of the required line is x – y + k = 0. 4 – 0 + k = 0. xn yn x1 y1 Examples: 1. (–1. (2. the area is x P4(-2. Solution: y P3(-1.e. Hence. 1) that is perpendicular to the line x + 5y + 5 = 0. .For a polygon of n sides whose vertices are known. A circle is produced when the cutting plane is parallel to the base of the cone. substitute the coordinates of the given point. . 0). parabola. This constant ratio is called eccentricity.

a > 0. Horizontal axis: (y – k)2 = ± 4a (x – h) If the right side of the equation is positive. the line of symmetry is called the axis of the parabola. Equations of a Parabola: General equations: Vertical axis: Ax2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 or x2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 Horizontal axis: Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 or y2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 Standard Forms: Vertical axis: (x – h)2 = ± 4a (y – k) where (h. k) – coordinates of the center and a – radius of the circle The Parabola: A parabola is the locus of a point in a plane that moves such that its distance from a fixed point (called the focus) equals its distance from a fixed line (called the directrix). i. It is formed when the cutting plane is parallel to one of the elements of the cone. Since the parabola is a symmetrical curve. y Latus rectum . If the right side of the equation is positive.e. if the right side of the equation is negative. k) – coordinates of the vertex a – undirected distance from vertex to focus. the parabola opens rightward. the parabola opens leftward. the parabola opens upward. LR = 4a Directrix 2a V F Axis x 2a D P a a e= PF PD . if the right side of the equation is negative. the parabola opens downward.Equations of a Circle: General equation: Ax2 + Ay2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 or x2 + y2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 Standard form: (x – h)2 + (y – k)2 = a2 where (h.

LR = 2b2/a Note that a > b. Equations of an Ellipse: General equation: Ax2 + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 Standard Forms: Center at (h. It can also be defined as the locus of a point that moves such that the ratio of its distance from a fixed point (or focus) to its distance from a fixed line (or directrix) is a constant and is less than one. k). b V2 F2 a b D2 C a F1 V1 x P c d .For a parabola. e = 1. The Ellipse: An ellipse is the locus of a point in a plane that moves such that the sum of its distances from two fixed points (called the foci) is a constant and is equal to the length of the major axis (2a). Major axis vertical y Major axis ( x − h) 2 ( y − k ) + =1 b2 a2 2 x where a – semimajor axis ⇒ Major axis = 2a b – semiminor axis ⇒ Directrix axis = 2b Minor y Latus rectum . Major axis horizontal y Major axis ( y − k) = 1 ( x − h) + 2 a b2 2 2 a x Center at (h. k). The ellipse is the conic section formed if the cutting plane is making an angle (other than 90o) with the axis of the cone.

Transverse axis . c – distance from center to focus such that c2 = a2 – b2 a d – distance from center to directrix such that d = e e – eccentricity of the ellipse e= The Hyperbola: PF2 c = <1 PD 2 a The hyperbola is the locus of a point in a plane that moves such that the difference of its distances from two fixed points (called foci) is a positive constant and is equal to the length of the transverse axis (2a).horizontal: y Transverse axis x .Referring to the figure above. It can also be defined to be the locus of a point that moves such that the ratio of its distance from a fixed point (or focus) to its distance from a fixed line (or directrix) is a constant and is greater than one. Center at (h. k). The hyperbola is the conic section formed if the cutting plane is parallel (but not coincident) to the axis of the cone. Equations of the Hyperbola: General equation: Ax2 + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 where A & C have unlike signs Standard Forms: Transverse axis – the line segment joining the two vertices of the hyperbola which has a total length of 2a.

. one line. Examples: 1. k). LR = 2b2/a V 1 F1 x b F2 V2 a C b a P D2 c Asymptote Degenerate conic (point circle.vertical: y Transverse axis ( y − k) a 2 2 − ( x − h) b2 2 =1 O x where a – semitransverse axis ⇒ Transverse axis = 2a b – semiconjugate axis ⇒ Conjugate axis = 2b c – distance from center to focus such that c2 = a2 + b2 a d – distance from center to directrix such that d = e e – eccentricity of the hyperbola e= y PF2 c = >1 PD2 a Directrix d Latus rectum.( x − h) 2 − ( y − k ) 2 a2 b2 =1 Center at (h. Find the value of k for which the equation x2 + y2 + 4x – 2y – k = 0 represents a point circle. two intersecting lines) – the conic formed if the cutting plane passes through the vertex of the cone. Transverse axis .

The equation x2 – y2 – 4x – 6y – 5 = 0 represents a. θ) (called the polar angle) is the angle that the radius vector makes with the Ox axis (also called the polar axis). –5 Solution: Reducing the given equation into the standard form (x2 + 4x + 4) + (y2 – 2y + 1) = k + 4 + 1 (x + 2)2 + (y – 1)2 = k + 5 For a point circle. If B2 – 4AC = 0. If B2 – 4AC < 0. Polar Coordinate System: In this system. Examples: 1. r θ Polar axis x . A = 3. 6 c. Find the angle of rotation that will eliminate the xy term in the equation 3x2 + 6xy + 3y2 – 4x + 7y = 12 Solution: B 6 6 tan 2θ = = = = ∞ ⇒ 2θ = tan −1 ∞ = 90 ° ⇒ θ = 45o A −C 3−3 0 When B = 0. a circle b. General Equation Of Second Degree: This is also the general equation of a conic section: Ax2 + Bxy + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 When B ≠ 0. a hyperbola d. B2 – 4AC = 62 – 4(3)(3) = 0. the radius. the principal axes of the conic are parallel to the coordinate axes. an ellipse c.a. the conic is a parabola (e = 1). the x.and the y-axes. a = 0 ⇒ a2 = 0 ∴k + 5 = 0 ⇒ k = –5 2. i. the conic is an ellipse (e < 1).e. θ) where r (called the radius vector) is the distance of the point from the origin (or the pole) and θ (r. 2. –6 d. the principal axes are not parallel to the coordinate axes. The curve can be obtained from the equation given by determining the value of the discriminant B2 – 4AC. If B2 – 4AC > 0. Hence the equation represents a parabola. the principal axes of the conic are inclined by an angle θ expressed as B tan 2θ = A −C In other words. the location of a point in a plane is expressed by the ordered pair (r. identify the curve represented by the equation 3x2 + 6xy + 3y2 – 4x + 7y = 12 Solution: For the given equation. the conic is a hyperbola (e > 1). B = 6 and C = 3. 5 b. two straight lines Solution: Reducing the given equation into the standard form (x2 – 4x + 4) – (y2 – 6y + 9) = 5 + 4 – 9 (x – 2)2 – (y – 3)2 = 0 [(x – 2) + (y – 3)][(x – 2) – (y – 3)] = 0 (x + y – 5)(x – y + 1) = 0 x+y–5=0 x–y+1=0 Therefore. the given equation represents two straight lines. Using the discriminant.

the equation is r cos θ = 5 x 2. Conversion from rectangular to polar: y (r. the required equation is . θ) (x. Solution: r = 4a sin θ ⇒ x 2 + y 2 = 4a y x + y2 2 ⇒ x 2 + y 2 = 4ay Hence.Sign Convention: • θ is positive (+) when measured counterclockwise • θ is negative (–) when measured clockwise • r is positive (+) when laid off at the terminal side of θ • r is negative (–) when laid off at the extension of the terminal side of θ in the opposite quadrant Relationship Between Rectangular and Polar Coordinates: An equation in Cartesian (or rectangular) coordinates can be transformed into one in polar coordinates and vice-versa. The following equations can be obtained from the diagram shown. Express the polar equation r = 4a sin θ in rectangular form. in polar form. What is the polar equation of a vertical line 5 units to the right of the origin? Solution: y x =5 By inspection. the equation of the vertical line in rectangular coordinates is x=5 Hence. y) r x = r cos θ y = r sin θ y Conversion from polar to rectangular: x θ x r= x2 + y2 tan θ = 2 y x y x + y2 2 cos θ = x x +y 2 sin θ = Examples: 1.

(1. -3). -2) d. the slope of one is a. a. coordinates b. parallel b. 8 b. none of these In finding the distance between two points P1(x1. 55. 2 c. then the lines are a. 47. (4. 10 b.x 2 + y 2 − 4ay = 0 Review Exercises in Analytic Geometry 1. 5. a. If the product of the slopes of any two straight lines is negative 1. B(3. 30o d. askew c. Find x if the distance between points (x. If (x. 3). 45. 4) is equidistant from (5. equal to the negative reciprocal of the other 3. -2) and (3. 1) and C(-2. 0 b. -3) c. 6 c.4 15. equal to the other b. (1. d. zero b. y) and P2(x2. a. Find the value of x and y. the most direct procedure is to use a. Find the equation of the perpendicular bisector of the line joining (4. 3). 0). infinity 6. translation of axes d. 1 d. 4. 12 c. the Law of Cosines b. 4). -6 b. Find end point C(x. When two lines are perpendicular. . -6). polar distance d. 14. a. ordinate b. unity c. 10x + 4y + 24 = 0 13. 0 12. -3). a. 5 8. 7 d. -2) of a line segment to the other end C(x. non-intersecting 4. find the length of the median from the vertex B to the line AC. A line perpendicular to the x-axis has a slope of a. octants c. y2). 13 10. 20x – 6y + 29 = 0 d.3 c. 11. 5). the Pythagorean Theorem 6. -7 11. 15 d. The point B(-4. 45o c. axes 2. y). The line segment connecting (x. a. 6) and (9. 4) and (3. -3) 9. 10x + 20y + 24 = 0 c. (2. 4) is equal to 10. 1) is three fifths of the distance from one end A(2. 4.2 d. find x. 0) and C(0. (2. 57. B(6. quadrants d. It represents the distance of a point from the y-axis. 5. perpendicular d. 40o 14. 0) and (-6. (-3. equal to the negative of the other c. a. -2) b. 2) and (-3. -7 d. Find the coordinates of the centroid of the triangle ABC with coordinates of A(0. coordinate c. a. -6). 4). 12. 20x + 3y + 28 = 0 b. 13. The rectangular coordinate system for a plane is divided into four parts which are known as a. Find the smallest angle between the lines 2x + y – 8 = 0 and x + 3y + 4 = 0. y) is bisected by the point (7. a. Find the area of the polygon whose vertices are at (2. equal to the reciprocal of the other d.5 b. -4 c. In the triangle ABC having coordinates of A(-2. 60o b. (2. abscissa 5. y). -3). the slope of the line c.

Find the value of k so that the lines kx + 3y – 6 = 0 and 9x – 6y + 1 = 0 will be perpendicular. 3) b. 4 c. 2 16. Find k. a. 5) and (k. 4x – 3y + 4 = 0 23. Find the equation of the line. a. x + 2y = 4 c. Find the distance between the given lines 4x – 3y = 12 and 4x – 3y = -8. 0) c. 3 26. 2x – 3y + 10 = 0 b. a. x – 2y + 2 = 0 c. 2) and has a slope of 2.a. A line passes through (4. 10 c. a circle b. The general second degree equation has the form Ax2 + Bxy + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0. x – 2y + 2 = 0 d. 4x + 3y – 13 = 0 25. y = -3x + 2 17. 2 5 28. What is the slope of the line 3x + 2y + 1 = 0? a. If B2 – 4AC = 0. How far is the intersection of the lines 4x – 5y = 26 and 3x + 7y +2 = 0 from the origin? a. Find the equation of a line passing through (1. Find the equation of a line with slope 3 and y-intercept -2. 3x + 4y – 13 = 0 b. 2x – y – 2 = 0 c. 4 d. (-8. 4) and parallel to the line 3x – 4y = 6. a. ¾ d. 1 b. Find the equation of a line through (4. 1) and has x-intercept of 3. Find the equation of a straight line with a slope of 2 and x-intercept of 1. A line passes through (-2. x + y + 4 = 0 b. a parabola . a. 3) d. a. 6). 2x – y – 6 = 0 d. 3 c. 3x – 2y + 8 = 0 19. 4 30. a. 1). A line passes through (2. -3/2 d. 2xs + y + 2 = 0 b. 4x – 3y + 13 = 0 d. x + y = 0 21. 2x – y + 4 = 0 22. x – 4 = 0 c. a. the equation describes a. 3 18. 1) to the line 4x – 3y + 5 = 0. 2x + 3y – 18 = 0 c. x – 2y – 4 = 0 d. 3x – 4y + 13 = 0 c. (-2. a hyperbola d. x – y + 2 = 0 d. an ellipse c. y – 4 = 0 d. a. 3x + 4y + 20 = 0 b. 4) and (4. 1 d. (-5. a. 2x – y + 2 = 0 24. 5 c. Find the x-intercept of a line which is perpendicular to a line 3x + 4y + 8 = 0 and which passes through point (2. y = 2x – 3 b. 5/4 c. 3 c. 2x – y + 4 = 0 20. 8 d. 5 29. y = 3x – 2 c. a. 2) d. (-6. -2/3 c. 2/3 b. The distance from the point (2. 3x + 2y – 18 = 0 d. 3x + 2y – 10 = 0 c. 2x + y = 4 b. 4) and perpendicular to the line 3x + 4y – 4 = 0. 2 b. Find the equation of the line. Find the equation of the line through (2. 4 5 d. 3/2 27. 2 b. Find the equation of a line having an x-intercept of 2 and a y-intercept of 4. 4 b. 3 5 b. 6) perpendicular to the x-axis. a. y – 6 = 0 b. a. 2/3 b. 1/3 31. y = 2x + 3 d.

0 c.5) = 20 d.3)2 = 80 2 2 c. ellipse d. 6 d. x + y – 2x – 3y = 0 d. x2 + y2 – x – 5y = 0 b. 5). Find the equation of a circle circumscribing the triangle formed by the lines y = 0. 12 d. a. (x – 5)2 + (y .1 a. (x – 2)2 + (y + 4)2 = 100 37. circle c. -4).82 b. The shortest distance from A(3. a. 8 b. Find the equation of the circle circumscribing a triangle whose vertices are at (0. B2 – 4AC < 0 36. All circles having the same center but with unequal radii are called a. 4 b. x2 + y2 – 6x + y = 0 42. unequal circles c. 4. 4x2 – y2 = 16 is the equation of a .3)2 = 25 b. (x + 5) + (y . (x – 4) + (y . a. (x – 1) + (y +3) = 80 d. 4.5)2 = 25 35. 8 d. 1. 3). (x – 2)2 + (y . 3 39. 2. Find the equation of the circle tangent to the y-axis and having the center at (5. x2 + y2 – x – 4y = 0 2 2 c. x2 + y2 – 2x – 6y = 0 33.32. x2 + y2 – 4x + y = 0 2 2 c. 3). units b. y = x and 2x + 3y = 10. Find the area of the curve 5x2 + 5y2 + 10x – 5y + 3 = 0. 2 b. tangent circles b. units d. 5 b. hyperbola b. units c. 1 d. B2 – 4AC = 0 b. 10 c.02 sq. 45. a. 3.3)2 = 25 2 2 c. B2 – 4AC > 0 d. 3.4) = 64 d. 10 41. Compute the length of the latus rectum of the parabola y2 + 8x – 6y + 25 = 0. 2.96 sq. a. units a.4)2 = 64 38.04 sq. 8) to the circle x2 + y2 + 4x – 6y = 12 is equal to 44. a. B2 – 4AC = 1 c. (x + 3)2 + (y + 4)2 = 64 2 2 c. 6 c. 3 x2 + y2 – 4x + 8y + 4 = 0. The general second degree equation has the form Ax2 + Bxy + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0. eccentric circles d. 0). 6 a. 1. parabola 43. (x – 5)2 + (y . concentric circles 34. Find the equation of the circle tangent to the line 3x + 4y = 15 and having its center at (-3. -3) and which passes through (-3. 5) and (3. 4 40. How far is the center of the circle x2 + y2 – 8x + 1 = 0 from the x-axis? a.07 c. x + y – 3x + y = 0 d. (x + 3) + (y + 4) = 64 b. (x + 1)2 + (y +3)2 = 100 b. Find the distance between the centers of the two circles x2 + y2 – 4x – 4y + 4 = 0 and c. Find the equation of the circle whose center is at (1. (x – 3)2 + (y . Compute the ratio of the area of the circle x2 + y2 – 10x – 24y + 25 = 0 and the circle x2 + y2 – 10x + 4y – 7 = 0. a. (x – 3)2 + (y . (0.21 d. If B2 – 4AC = 0 describes an ellipse if a. a. x2 + y2 – 5x + y = 0 b.22 sq.

0) and (5. 4 c.84 x2 y2 60.36.23 d. 0. (-4. The length of the latus rectum for the ellipse + = 1 is equal to 64 16 a. a. Find the greatest and least distance of the earth from the sun in miles. 94. an ellipse c. (1. The sum of the distances from the two foci to any point in a/an ________ is a constant. x = 1 d. units c. any conic c. The equation x2 + Bx + y2 + Cy + D = 0 is a. an ellipse 47. 6 61. then the curve is a. -5) b. (3. -20). x = 0 c. (2. a. -2 58.496 sq. the eccentricity is 1/60. The orbit of the earth is an ellipse with the sun at a focus. 0. The semiconjugate axis of the hyperbola a. 100 m c. units b. What kind of conic has an equation of Ax2 + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0. y = 1 a. x – x2 + y = 0 53. units 57. a circle 54. Find the vertex of a parabola having its focus at (7.55. The equation 9x2 + 16y2 + 54x – 64y = -1 describes 48. 96.31 2 2 59. If eccentricity is less than one. 0. Compute the eccentricity of the curve 9x + 4y – 24y – 72x + 144 = 0. y = 0 b. 73. parabola b. 100. (6. Find the width of the arch at the bottom. 188.32. the semimajor axis is 93 million miles. 96 m b. 86. hyperbola d. hyperbola 56. Find the equation of a parabola with axis vertical and passing through (0.46. a.796 sq. a sphere c.75 c. -3) a. x2 – x + y = 0 c.44. circle b. Find the directrix of the parabola x2 + 2x + 12y + 37 = 0. units a. 8 d. 52.36 c.62 b. hyperbola 51. 92. a. 5 d.124 sq. 9 . ellipse d. 87 m d. 3 b. 6 b. a hyperbola b. a. 2) b. (3. x2 + x + y2 = 0 b. 7 c. a. 47. The location of the focus of the parabola x2 – 6x – 12y – 51 = 0 is at a. -5) c. 95. (7. The length of a horizontal beam placed across the arch 8 m from the top is 64 m. ellipse c. Compute the length of the latus rectum of the hyperbola 9x2 – 4y2 – 90x + 189 = 0 a.58 d. (3. ellipse 50. a. -3 x2 y2 − = 1 is 9 4 c. 2 d. parabola b. (2.45 b. 0. -5) c. -2) d. a hyperbola b. parabola c. What is the area enclosed by the curve 9x2 + 25y2 – 225 = 0? d. An arch 18 m high has the form of a parabola with vertical axis. a circle d. 90. -2) 49. 0). 3 b. -4) and its directrix y = 2. 150. 91. -1) d. 70 m 55. x – x2 + y2 = 0 d. circle d.398 sq. a parabola d.

62. c d b b a c d a a b 31. __________ is the locus of a point that moves in a plane so that the difference of its distances from two fixed points on the plane is constant. y = ±x b. The line passing through the focus and perpendicular to the directrix of a parabola is called a. 27. minor axis d. 4. 38. 16. 6. focal width b. c 10. 24. 40. 20. 25. 26. Find the equation of the asymptotes for the hyperbola (y – 5)2 – (x + 5)2 = 36. Parabola 64. c b d a b b c a b b 61. is known as a. Hyperbola b. b 9. 32. 59. 35. 5. a. 39. 50. 64. a. 48. 15. 33. 55. conjugate axis c. 66. 19. conjugate axis b. axis of the parabola c. a b c b a d d c d b 51. minor axis 67. d a d b d c b c d b 41. 49. 13. conjugate axis b. 34. The axis of the hyperbola. minor axis ANSWER KEY: c d c c c d a 8. 28. 44. d 1. 29. y – 5 = ± (x – 5) 63. 18. 54. 46. y – 4 = ± (x – 4) d. 67.62. 43. latus rectum 65. 56. 23. 22. 36. 17. 45. secant line 66. The axis of the hyperbola through its foci is known as a. 63. latus rectum b. 42. y – 5 = ± (x + 5) c. 37. 53. 30. 2. Ellipse c. In an ellipse. 11. tangent line d. transverse axis c. 12. 58. 14. major axis d. Circle d. major axis d. 60. d c b a a b d c a b 21. 7. 57. d b a d b b a . a chord which contains a focus and is perpendicular to the major axis is the a. 47. transverse axis c. 3. 65. which is parallel to its directrices. 52.

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