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Avocados Bananas Beef, lean Brewer's yeast Broccoli Brown rice Brussels sprouts Cantaloupe Cheese Chicken Collard greens Eggs Flaxseed oil Legumes Milk Oatmeal Oranges Peanut butter Peas Potatoes Romaine lettuce Salmon Soybeans Spinach Tuna Turkey Wheat germ Yogurt
Bad Brain Foods
Alcohol Artificial food colorings Artificial sweeteners Colas Corn syrup Frostings High-sugar "drinks" Hydrogenated fats Junk sugars Nicotine Overeating White bread
Quick Memory Exercises And Techniques
Memory exercises increase brain power because in your conscious mind you can only work with what you can remember. Intelligence without memory is like a builder without tools. What could he build? The simplest memory exercise is to start telling yourself to remember. If you just learned a person's name, for example, tell yourself, "remember that". This signals the unconscious mind to rank this input higher in importance. Other good memory exercises involve telling yourself why you want to remember
potato chips. If you just learned a person's name. forks. I struck out after seven or eight. you'll simply walk around your home in your mind. the sink. I'll recall that I need toilet paper. The good news is that not all memory techniques are that complicated or time-consuming. the things were taken away. It was used two thousand years ago by Roman orators who would "place" parts of their speech in locations along a garden path. soap. potato chips burning on the stove. Memorize these in some logical order (this is the hardest part). and a magazine. and you will "see" the items on the list. the microwave oven. I can't normally remember a list of three things by the time I get to the grocery store. and won the prize. the television and so on. I imagine wads of toilet paper hitting the window. The object was to write down as many items as we could remember. But do you want to study and master a mnemonic technique? Honestly. always in a ridiculous way. They really do! Scores of books have been written on the subject. then mentally walk the garden "picking up" the topics as they gave the speech. You can also use the link here to read an article on memory techniques. Now. and then we each got a piece of paper and a pencil. the stove. Mnemonic Techniques Memory exercises and techniques involving "peg words" and other mnemonic devices work well if you master them. dish soap. . Make the images very vivid and this technique rarely fails. Do this with mental imagery and even sounds. Don't Forget Your Memory By Steve Gillman Remembering Things I remember a birthday party I went to as a child. I use this one a lot. Now when you want to remember a list of things. His father had taught him a simple technique that none of us other kids knew. when I can remember to. Clearly seeing the importance of remembering will motivate the brain to retain the name. however. and it always works. Pick ten locations or permanent objects in your home or office. where you are likely to see them next. If you want more memory techniques. for example) fix the name even more firmly in your memory. most of us don't want to take the time and effort to do so. After a few minutes. All you have to do is tie the items together in an imaginative story. When you need to consult your list. An example: My own place-list is a window in the kitchen. Imagine. the front door. There was a contest that involved looking at a table covered in 15 various items. With a quick mental walk through the house. and flowers. One memory technique you can learn and use right now starts with a walk around the house. for example. Only years later did I learn why he was able to do that. and the additional associations in the brain (where you expect to see the person next. cucumbers. I can even wait until the next day to go shopping. and the refrigerator full of magazines. dish soap boiling in the microwave. be sure you subscribe to the Brain Power Newsletter. but one little boy got all 15 items.something. If. Try it. associate each item on the list with with one of your ten locations or objects. cucumbers dancing in the sink. and anything you notice about them. think about how that person will be important to you in the future. honey. and how you will remember it. that you want to remember a list of the following things: milk. the refrigerator.
To remember a person. for example) will set the memory more firmly in your brain. see yourself walking in and setting the keys on the chair. Some Other Memory Tricks Start telling yourself to remember. tell yourself. You can take a couple from each. You expose yourself to the material repeatedly. Test Taking Tips . Of the more advanced techniques. Tell yourself why you want to remember something.Memorizing The Material 1.Create a story. and the additional associations (where you expect to see the person next. Good test scores start with good comprehension of the material. Perhaps the most common way to remember something is by repetition over time. schedule periodic reviews of the material. The soap dish is filled with milk. pick up a bouquet of flowers and smile at yourself in the mirror. for example. but do you ever create the scenario beforehand. Say each item as you review this "movie" in your imagination. or at least doing it in your imagination. but if you don't have the habit of using them. for example. a month later. where you'll see them next. make a conscious effort to use it until it becomes automatic. These intervals seem to work well(following your first exposure): Review Review Review Review the the the the information information information information after 10 to 15 minutes. I have separated them into three parts as follows: memorizing the material. and how you will remember it. think about how that person will be important to you in the future. so you won't forget? Try it. which often includes memorizing specific facts and formulas. This signals the unconscious mind to rank this input higher in importance. No joke. taking the test. even the next day. I've found that the "loci system" and its variants are the easiest to use. the next week. you'll forget to when you need them most. You'll remember where they are if you do this. To make this simplest of memory "techniques" work for you. The basic idea was used thousands of years ago by Roman orators to remember speeches. so you wash your hands with that. So if you take the time to learn a technique. in that order. Clearly seeing the importance of remembering will help a lot. That's typically how you learn how to use a computer. and you reach for the soap. to develop a routine that works for you. If you just learned a person's name. This works fairly well. 2. so here they are. preparing for the test. Create Good Memory Habits Do you know what the biggest problem with memory techniques is? Remembering to use them. Twenty-Seven Test Taking Tips Several subscribers to the Brainpower Newsletter have written asking for more test taking tips for students facing an exam. of course. "remember that". and see it vividly in your head: You are in front of the bathroom sink. the next day. then comb honey into your hair with a fork. Have you ever forgotten where you set down your car keys? You have probably tried retracing your steps. They would rehearse speeches as they walked through a garden or . Many popular methods work. When you set down the keys on the chair. and anything you notice about them. and you'll remember all five things.
In my experience. Use your own judgment on this one. Use supplements. a speaker could mentally walk through the garden to recall each point.palace.Preparation 3. Fish oil (or just eating fish) speeds up brainwaves and in some studies appears to improve concentration as well. Record what you need to know and walk through a park or down city streets as you listen. Imagine yourself confidently finishing the test early and without trouble. Sit away from nervous test-takers. 5. 7. is used as a cerebral vasodilator to increase blood flow to the brain. Here are a few examples. The anxiety of others can be contagious. but I will mention just a few that are proven safe. so you can be sure to study the right things. A bit of positive expectation works for most people. 12. Now here are some more specific tips: 4. Although sleep deficiencies seem to affect response time more than accuracy. so don't sit near others who are obviously stressed out. Recent research suggests that it may be the most powerful memory enhancer available to date. although some recent studies dispute this. with healthy habits. associating each important topic with some location. Then. Test Taking Tips . too much sleep can make you just as mentally groggy as too little. there are also things you can do during an exam to improve your score. Vinpocetine. 9. . 11. Listening to books on my MP3 player. improving its oxygenation and thereby increasing mental alertness and acuity. An extract derived from the Periwinkle Plant. During the test you may find that you can mentally take a walk to recall much of the information. Take a walk just before test time. Test Taking Tips . or find a place where you can jog in place for a few minutes. As little as ten minutes of exercise has been shown to speed up decision making time and accuracy in tests of mental ability. start your preparation long before. Ginkgo Biloba may help send more blood to the brain. and committing to take the time necessary to learn the material. Sleep well. Drink a little bit of coffee.Exam Skills In addition to the comprehensions and preparation steps you can take. Ask about the exam. Get there early. 8. But don't overdo it. This suggests a new way to use the loci system for test preparation. getting regular highquality sleep. and time pressure adds to testanxiety. A sample test or previous version of the exam will help you know what kind of questions will be on it. and can't hurt. when in front of the audience. 6. Stop to look at what's around you as each important part begins. however. If you are a very nervous person. Those include eating healthy foods. Several studies have shown that people score higher on written tests after as little as a half-cup of coffee. There are many things you can ingest that may help. many tests are timed. or watch for "trick" questions. I've noticed that I often recall exactly where I was when I read that part of the book again. If you really want to do the best you can on all of your exams. Double-check answers in that part of the test. so get quality sleep. 10. too much caffeine can increase anxiety. Exercise for ten minutes. The professor or administrator of the test will sometimes tell you where most people have trouble. so avoid it by being a bit early. Review the test. Test-anxiety is bad for test scores.
You don't want to lose credit for eight questions you knew the answer to just because you spent too much time working on a few tough ones. 26. 24. I'm not sure why this works either. This will reduce anxiety and help you concentrate. Again. Except when there is a penalty for a wrong answer (as opposed to an unanswered question). Total involvement in one question at a time reduces feelings of anxiety because you are not anticipating and worrying about the next challenge. As you start the test. 19. Also be sure you marked the right circles or boxes on multiple choice tests. 22. you should guess if you're not sure. Take a deep breath now and then throughout the test. appropriate preparation. As soon as you sit and the exam starts. Watch for other clues to intent when you are unsure of the right answer. Breath deep. By simply knowing which answers are wrong you can often get half of these questions correct with this method. Also allow several minutes for reviewing the test afterwards. take several deep breaths and let the tension drain from your muscles. 25. Don't think about the other questions until you get to them. Pay attention to instructions. Close your mouth. and that you didn't leave any questions unanswered. Sit up straight. If you "crammed" for the test just before taking it this can be particularly useful. 15. Consider the test makers intention. When an answer seems too easy. Find the test taking tips that work for you. 20. Creating a Routine 27. review it and plan how much time to take for each section. Make notes. Answer all the questions if you can. Organize your time. and skills that raise your scores the most. but why not use any leftover time to review the test once again? A simple mistake that you can correct can move you up to the next grade. Often points are lost solely because the instructions weren't followed exactly. Then pick one of the remaining ones. 23. but it really does. Why? Because creators or exams often try to catch sloppy test takers with answers that are similar. Maybe you've done everything you can do. to keep the oxygen level in your brain up. 16. It's a good warm-up for the rest of the exam. and you know it's wrong. Write down any information you might forget (if you are allowed to take notes). Then create a routine you can follow each time. Concentrate on each question. An important skill for timed tests. . Leave tough questions for later. for reasons not entirely clear yet. On multiple choice tests you'll probably get a few guesses right just by chance. Review the test. Narrow the options. Maybe you learned something from later questions that can help with the correct answers for earlier questions. learn to recognize when a question may be too difficult to answer quickly.13. 14. Posture changes brain function. When you first receive the test. look for a similar answer. eliminate as many unlikely answers as you can. Answering a few questions you are sure about gets your confidence up. don't leave eight easy questions unanswered because of time spent on a tough one. When they are multiple choice questions. Burn up the time. 21. 17. In this way you'll know if you are on schedule or if you need to speed up. using the study skills. 18. make a few notes about anything you might otherwise forget. Find a few easy questions first. Always use the remaining time to look over your exam when you are done.
brain function can be negatively impacted by a deficiency in vitamin B-12. and even before there is a diagnosis. Aldomet (methyldopa). 2. which decreases brain function in general. there may be reduced blood flow to the brain. For example. but that doesn't mean it's always a result of getting older. 4. Severe head trauma can cause loss of brain function. and Tagamet (cimetidine). You might also learn to meditate. .Your brain uses 20% of your blood. Put on that helmet when bicycling or in any situation where your head might get hurt. 6. Perhaps one of the easiest of these memory tips to put into practice. Brain Facts Here are a few brain facts to amuse and inform you: . and a 10 minute loss of oxygen can cause significant neural damage. Many nutritional factors affect memory and general brain function. What can you do? Start by taking several deep breaths through your nose several times daily. Get brain exercise.Your brain uses 20% of your oxygen. but so are many prescription medications. and a declining ability to remember things can be halted and sometimes reversed. About 20% of your blood is pumped to the brain. folate and niacin (Vitamin B-3). and practice regularly. this can also be one of the more important ones. or try taking some good supplements to see if that brings improvement. What accounts for 2% of your body's mass. Often there are specific causes. 3. Learn to relax more. Most illegal drugs are toxic to the brain. This means reduced oxygen to the brain. is released when you are stressed. which needs it to keep up with the heavy metabolic demands of its neurons. reserpine. yet uses 20% of all the oxygen you breathe? Your brain! It needs a continuous supply of oxygen. Eat well. 5. Cortisol. which at high levels interferes with the part of the brain that handles recent memories. You can start with these six tips. . No surprise there. That crucial brain has even been shown to shrink after long periods of chronic stress.Six Memory Tips These memory tips are for people young and old. Protect that brain case. But the evidence is growing that the cumulative effect of repeated minor injuries can do the same kind of damage. Learn something new. Think your memory lapses might be due to deficiencies? You can have a blood test to check the levels of these vitamins in your system. Cigarettes are linked to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It has been shown that even doing crossword puzzles regularly slows the decline of age-related memory loss. while letting the tension drain from your body. Reduce brain toxins. as well as some high blood pressure medications. or start an intellectually challenging hobby or activity. Quit smoking and avoid smoke. Inderal (propanolol). and memory specifically. These drugs have been associated with memory loss after prolonged use: Lithium. 1. It is true that memory loss often comes with old age. digitalis.
.An elephant's brain is about six times as large as a human brain. . neurosurgeons can probe the brain while a patient is conscious.000 . and it does so in response to stimulation (exercise). . . or a little over three pounds.The human brain weighs an average of about 1. This is referred to as brain plasticity or neuro-plasticity.Albert Einstein's brain was smaller than average. because he was smaller than average. In relation to body size. and to perform any coordinated movements.4 kilograms. such as those used for speech.Number of neocortical neurons lost each day: 85. . to walk. A cat's brain weighs about one ounce. It may also play a role in olfaction or smell.. humans have the largest brain of all the animals (about 2% of body weight). . Found at the lower back of the brain.There are 100. .Number of neurons in the brain (average): 100 billion . weighs approximately 150 grams. They can then use feedback from the patient to identify important regions.The brain has no pain. and it is one of the most encouraging of these brain facts.We now know for a fact that the brain continues to produce new neurons throughout our lives.The cerebellum. it is needed to maintain posture. Because there are no nerves that register pain within the brain itself. sometimes called the "little brain".000 miles of blood vessels in the brain. however.
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