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Daniele Archibugi & Carlo Pietrobelli
The Globalization of Technology and its Implications for Developing Countries: Windows of Opportunity or Further Burden?
The nature of technology
Impact of Globalisation on the transfer of technology to LDC
Key takeaway points and discussion
Not easily transferable
Not a set of blueprints
Requires considerable absorption efforts and technological capability
Its impact on the transfer of technology
Transfer of technology at lower costs
Good news for LDCs?
Concentration of technology in „hubs‟
Tacit component of technology remains less mobile
Generation of scientific journals
Developed countries Developing countries
Unequal spread of knowledge
Other reasons for imbalance?
Rich consumers and private enterprises set the worldwide agenda for R&D No profitable market in LDCs
Emerging technologies mirror the concerns of the rich
LDC‟s voices drowned out by rich consumers and lobbyists
But the main losers in today's very unequal world are not those who are too much exposed to globalization. They are those who have been left out.
- Kofi Anan
UN Secretary General
Whereto, developing countries?
•Scientific and technical collaboration with DCs •eg. ASARECA •Intellectual Property regime •eg. CBD
•Good governance •Policies •Tackle brain drain •Leverage on FDIs •Infrastructure
•Engagement of citizens •Change in perspective
Key takeaway points
Having access to foreign advanced technology does not by itself guarantee industrial and technological development
Global regimes and initiatives must be matched with sound national infrastructure and policies
Education, Education, Education
LDCs should find out which technologies support development: selectivity over complete openness
Questions for discussion
Is it a necessity for developed countries to share their knowledge and technical know-how with developing countries? How can people in developing countries become more involved in shaping their technological futures?