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. GREG EGHIGIAN
More than perhaps any other set of human afflictions, the phenomena that have gone under the names of “madness,” “insanity,” “lunacy,” and “mental illness” have historically provoked a wide variety of often contradictory reactions. Those who have been in the throes of “madness” have described experiences ranging from an ecstatic sense of holiness to being beset by undeniable impulses to feelings of unending despair. Observers have sought explanations for the behavior of “touched” and “crazy” individuals by invoking such things as sin, destiny, heredity, moral degeneracy, upbringing, trauma, fatigue, and body chemistry. Those afflicted have been admired, pitied, mocked, hidden from public view, canonized, imprisoned, restrained, operated on, sterilized, hospitalized, killed, counseled, analyzed, and medicated. Why?
Course Information Location and Time: M+W 11:15 pm-12:05 pm (112 Walker) + Friday discussion sections Office Phone: 865-9951 Office: 212 Weaver Office Hours: Wednesdays, 1:30-3 pm + by appointment Email: email@example.com (I check my mail frequently during the day – the best way to reach me) Teaching Assistants: Bill Cossen (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Rebekah Harris (email@example.com) Required Texts Edward Shorter, History of Psychiatry from the Era of the Asylum to the Age of Prozac (John Wiley and Sons, 1998) Greg Eghigian, ed., From Madness to Mental Health: Psychiatric Disorder and its Treatment in Western Civilization (Rutgers University Press, 2010) The books are on sale at the University Bookstore. Grading, Requirements, Policies Your final grade will be determined on the basis of three open-book exams (3/4) and participation in Friday discussion sections (1/4). No electronic devices are allowed to be used during exams. YOU SHOULD BRING THE READER FROM MADNESS TO MENTAL HEALTH (FMMH) TO ALL DISCUSSION SECTIONS. Make-up exams will be granted only in exceptional circumstances, and they will be, as a general rule,
more difficult than the original exam itself. Failure to take any exam or to regularly attend discussion sections will result in a final grade of “F.” NOTE: The instructors reserve the right to add other assignments if student performance warrants it. Academic Integrity: Students are not permitted to copy other people's answers, write papers or exams for others, have someone write their papers or exams for them, or plagiarize the works of anyone else. Students who are found to be in violation of these rules will receive academic sanctions and may be reported to the University's Judicial Affairs office for possible further disciplinary action. PLEASE NOTE: If you anticipate needing any kind of accommodation in this course due to disability or have questions about physical access to the building, please inform the instructor as soon as possible.
I. THE PNEUMATIC AGE WEEK I. Madness in the Ancient World I: Religious Perspectives Aug 23 Introduction Aug 25 The Bible, 1 Samuel (ca. 960 B.C.E.) in From Madness to Mental Health (hereafter, FMMH), 10-18 Aug 27 Euripides, The Bacchae (ca. 404 B.C.E.), FMMH, 18-30 WEEK II. Madness in the Ancient World II: Medical Perspectives Aug 30 Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.E.), Writings on Hysteria (ca. 4th century B.C.E.), FMMH, 30-36 Sep 1 The Bible, Mark 5 (ca. 65-75 C. E.), FMMH, 36-39 Sept 3 Soranus (ca. 2nd century C.E.), “Madness or Insanity (Greek Mania),” FMMH, 39-46 WEEK III. Medieval and Early Modern Europe Sep 6 LABOR DAY – NO CLASS Sep 8 Sarabiyun Ibn Ibrahim, “Three Cases of Melancholia by Rufus of Ephesus” (ca. 873), FMMH, 47-50 Ibn Sina [Avicenna] (ca. 980-1037), “Lovesickness” (1st Latin translation 12th century), FMMH, 50-53 Sep 10 John Brydall (ca. 1635–ca. after 1705), The Law Relating to Natural Fools, Mad-Folks, and Lunatick Persons (1700), FMMH, 73-80 II. THE AGE OF OPTIMISM WEEK IV. Enlightenment, Romanticism, and Reform Sep 13 Hermann Boerhaave (1668-1738), “Aphorisms” (1765), FMMH, 80-85 Sep 15 Philippe Pinel (1745-1826), A Treatise on Insanity (1801), FMMH, 94105 Sep 17 Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843), Textbook on Disturbances of Mental Life (1818), FMMH, 105-111 WEEK V. Sep 20 Shorter, History of Psychiatry, 1-32 FILM: Madness of King George (UK, 1995) Sep 22 Madness of King George continued Sep 24 EXAM 1
WEEK VI. The Asylum Sep 27 Shorter, History, 33-68 Limerick District Lunatic Asylum, Report of the Limerick District Lunatic Asylum for the Year Ending December 31st, 1866 (1867), FMMH, 143-155 Sep 29 Great Britain, Office of Superintendent Government, Annual Report of the Insane Asylums in Bengal for the Year 1867 (1868), FMMH, 155-162 Oct 1 The Opal: A Monthly Periodical of the State Lunatic Asylum, Devoted to Usefulness, Edited by the Patients of the Utica State Lunatic Asylum (1855-1860), FMMH, 134-143 WEEK VII. Brain Science, Neurology, and Clinical Psychiatry Oct 4 Shorter, History, 69-112 Nelson Sizer, Forty Years in Phrenology; Embracing Recollections of History, Anecdote, and Experience (1891), FMMH, 168-75 Oct 6 Shorter, History, 113-144 Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), “A Tuesday Lesson: Hysteroepilepsy” (1888), FMMH, 193-200 Oct 8 Auguste Tamburini (1848-1919), “A Theory of Hallucinations” (1881), FMMH, 179-184 Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926), “About the Surveillance Ward at the Heidelberg Clinic for Lunatics” (1895), FMMH, 200-207 WEEK VIII. Nerves, Nervousness, and the “Nervous Breakdown” Oct 11 George Miller Beard (1839-1883), “Cases of Hysteria, Neurasthenia, Spinal Irritation, or Allied Affections” (1874), FMMH, 175-179 Oct 13 Vincent, “Confessions of an Agoraphobic Victim” (1919), FMMH, 223228 Oct 15 Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902), Psychopathia Sexualis (1886), FMMH, 184-193 WEEK IX. Psychoanalysis Oct 18 EXAM 2 Oct 20 Starting read Freud assignment for Friday discussion Oct 22 Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), “The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis” (1910), FMMH, 207-223
III. THE MILITANT AGE WEEK X. World War I, Shellshock, and Their Legacy Oct 25 Fritz Kaufmann (1875-1941), “The Systematic Cure of Complicated Psychogenic Motor Disorders Among Soldiers in One Session” (1916), FMMH, 233-238 Oct 27 W. H. R. Rivers (1864-1922), War Neurosis and Military Training (1918), FMMH, 238-244 Oct 29 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III, “PostTraumatic Stress Disorder” (1980), FMMH, 401-404 WEEK XI. Psychiatric Eugenics Nov 1 Herman Lundborg (1868-1943), “The Danger of Degeneracy” (1922), FHHM, 252-256 The Decision in Buck v. Bell (1927), FMMH, 256-260 Nov 3 Fritz Lenz (1887-1976), Human Selection and Race Hygiene (1921), FMMH, 294-299 Germany, “The Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Ill Offspring” (14 July 1933), FMMH, 299-304 Nov 5 Documents on the “T-4” and “14f13” Programs (1939-1945), FMMH, 304-311. WEEK XII. Somatic Treatments and Heroic Medicine Nov 8 Shorter, History, 190-229 Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857-1940), “The Treatment of Dementia Paralytica by Malaria Inoculation” (1927), FMMH, 260-270 Nov 10 Shorter, History, 239-272 Walter Freeman (1895-1972) and James W. Watts (1904-1994), “Psychosurgery During 1936-1946” (1947), FMMH, 283-292 Nov 12 Anonymous, “Insulin and I” (1940), FMMH, 275-283 WEEK XIII. From Anti-Psychiatry… Nov 15 Shorter, History, 229-238, 272-287 Nov 17 Frantz Fanon (1925-1961), “The North African Syndrome” (1952), FMMH, 333-346 Nov 19 Thomas Szasz (b. 1920), “The Myth of Mental Illness” (1960), FMMH, 346-352 22-28 NOVEMBER NO CLASSES – THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY
WEEK XIV. …to Social Psychiatry Nov 29 Records in the Case of Pyotr Grigorenko (1969-1970), FMMH, 317-329 World Psychiatric Association, “Declaration of Hawaii” (1977), FMMH, 329-332. Dec 1 Franco Basaglia (1924-1980), “The Problem of the Incident” (1968), FMMH, 352-357 Dec 3 Great Britain Department of Health and Social Security, “Better Services for the Mentally Ill” (1975), FMMH, 357-368 IV. THE PSYCHOBOOM WEEK XV. New Hopes, New Dilemmas Dec 6 Shorter, History, 288-313 Alcoholics Anonymous (founded 1935), “The Twelve Steps” and “The Twelve Traditions,” FMMH, 373-376 Carl Rogers (1902-1987), “The Attitude and Orientation of the Counselor in Client-Centered Therapy” (1949), FMMH, 376-382 Dec 8 Aaron T. Beck (b. 1921), “Cognitive Therapy: Nature and Relation to Behavior Therapy” (1970), FMMH, 382-392 Edna I. Rawlings and Dianne K. Carter, “The Intractable Female Patient” (1977), FMMH, 392-401 Dec 10 Psychiatrists Debate Osheroff v. Chestnut Lodge (1990), FMMH, 405-420 13-17 DECEMBER – FINALS WEEK
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