LINCOLN ROOM
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS LIBRARY

the Class

of 1901

.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE .

APPLETON & COMPANY New York Publishers 176D .BOOKS BY THOMAS DIXON A Man of the People (A play) The Way of a Man The Fall of a Nation The Foolish Virgin The Victim The Southerner The Sins of the Father The Leopard's Spots The Clansman (The Birth of a Nation) The Traitor The One Woman Comrades The Root of Evil The Life Worth Living These Are Appleton Books D.

" ETC D.A MAN BY OF THE PEOPLE A DRAMA OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN THOMAS DIXON AUTHOR OP "THE BIRTH op A NATION." "THE CLANSMAN " "THE LEOPARD'S SPOTS. APPLETON AND COMPANY NEW YORK LONDON MCMXX .

I92O.COPYRIGHT. BY THOMAS DIXON PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OP AMERICA .

?73. JR. WHOSE COURAGE AND HIGH IDEALS AS A PRODUCER GAVE TO THE AMERICAN STAGE THE EPOCH-MAKING PLAY ABRAHAM LINCOLN .7U3 W_ <t TO \VILLIAM HARRIS.

.

1864. R. President." is darkness. dated August 25. of the American Union of free Democratic States. Weak-kneed damned fools are in the movement for a new candidate to supplant the . doubt. No THOMAS DIXON . The plot of the action is based on the letter of Colonel John Nicolay to Major Hay. Everything discouragement. To policy of his administration this fact we owe a united Nation to-day. It is this truth of history which I try to make a living reality in my play. The first was to save the Union. He was the savior. if not the real creator. there is a deeper view of his life and character. Richmond is about the only salt to save us while the President sees and says it would be utter ruination. and liberty has been taken with an essential detail of history in the development of the action except to slightly shift the dates of two incidents for dramatic unity. His proclamation of emancipation was purely an incident of war. The matter is now undergoing consultation. in which the following opening paragraph is found : "Hell is to pay. The scenes relating to the issues of our National life have been drawn from authentic records.HISTORICAL NOTE tor of the Slave While the popular conception of Lincoln as the Liberais true historically. In neither case does the change of date affect the validity of the scene as used. thinks a Commission to are here to-day. The New York politicians have got a stampede on that is about to swamp everyRaymond and the National Committee thing.

.

the morning of August 23. Same as Acts I and II. in the woods of Indiana. Jefferson Davis' room three days Richmond. in Washington. ACT Scene I. 1865. . that evening. March 4. before the Capitol at III: later. 1864. Morning. ACT II : The same.DIVISION INTO ACTS PROLOGUE: The Lincoln cabin 1820. Scene 2. The Platform of the second Inauguration. ACT I : In the President's room. EPILOGUE VICTORY.

.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE
PROLOGUE

PERSONS OF THE PROLOGUE
ABE SARAH TOM LINCOLN

A Boy

of Ten.

NANCY THE DOCTOR

His Sister. His Father. His Mother.

An

Old-fashioned Pioneer.

fxiii]

.

In the foreground on the right is seen an old-fashioned wash pot set on three stones. 1820. hang across the back of the settee. On the left is a crude settee made of a split log with legs set in augur holes and a rough back made of An old-fashioned doctor's saddle-bags saplings. : The is cabin door is cut in level with the ground.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE PROLOGUE SET SCENE is The rough-hewn log cabin of Tom Lincoln seen in the center surrounded by the forest wilderness of Southern Indiana. On the walls are stretched a coon and a small bear. [i] . festooned over the cabin. Beside it are a rude bench and two wash tubs. The trees are walnut. beech and oak undergrowth of dogwood. These vines. There no shutter to the door and no window to the cabin. Right and Left of the door opening are rude benches of splat logs. A creek winds down through the hills behind the cabin. give a sinister impression. on the top of which are hung six gourds cut for martin swallows to nest in. Near the wash pot is fixed in the ground a pole. squirrel and muskrat skins. sumac and wild grapevines.

peep. You've been ridin' all night you look terrible tired ! Go to bed and sleep a little ABE I can't sleep while Ma's so sick I'm afraid to go to SARAH Why ? ABE Sarah[2] You know why . cabin door. calls. ^ ABE What does he say? SARAH He ain't said nothin' yet. : in again and runs 1 once more to the gate. ABE He's a dumb doctor. I couldn't get him to say a word comin'.] woods .] Abe ! Ma's awake now ! [She returns to the door. SARAH is seen softly tiptoeing toward the She pauses.] feelin' Abe ! He's her pulse! ome on . in don't stay out there in the [ABE enters slowly. he's here now. listens and slowly peeps inShe listens again and tlien slips away and SARAH Abe Abe [SARAH goes back ! ! to the door and peeps in and runs to the gate.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE AT RISE: side. . anyhow. and there's his saddle-bags full of medicine. SARAH Well. last night.

SARAH quick SARAH [Running to cabin.] Yes Get me a clean towel and a bowl ABE Run.j slowly the DOCTOR seems to be debating his course of action.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE SARAH Ah. takes out lancet and examines its keen point. nd TOM enter from the cabin and [The DOCTC come dou. Doctor? to DOCTOR [Hesitates. She's talkin' to the doctor lie down just a little while and get to sleep before the sun comes up or ye can't sleep [Pleading.] somethin' for her.] Yes I'll get 'em [The D'OCTOR opens his saddle-bags. she ain't goin' to die now.] his TOM What are ye goin' ter do with that knife ? [31 .] ABE You can do [Eagerly DOCTOR.] come on ABE No I'm scared the plague's killin' folks every day and nobody knows what to do for 'em V (.

just for you to insult me DOCTOR arms up. of course it's the only thing to do [Starts toward cabin.] it ! DOCTOR What's that? TOM You shan't bleed her torin' I don't know nothin' 'bout doc- but I know that'll kill her DOCTOR I've a notion to give in your life.] TOM I didn't mean to DOCTOR Well. you the worst Lincoln . in There's no doctor in thirty miles You've been the doctor and nurse mother and [4] . cussin' .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE DOCTOR Bleed her. miles into this wilderness. you're doin' it and I'd give ye the cussin' that'ud pay me for my trouble comin' up here if I hadn't this plague. .] ABE [To Don't let him do his father. you ever had Tom TOM 'Twouldn't do no good Doctor [Throwing his 'Twould do me good! I've rode all night thirty-five from my home in Kentucky across the Ohio. heard what you've been doin' for your neighbors.

dig the grave and lower the dead with a prayer can't I'd like to cuss you.] I'll pay ye ! I'll work for ye a whole year DOCTOR You'd work for me a year? [51 .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE father to 'em all. cut down a tree. And when they die. ABE [Following the DOCTOR to gate. rip out the boards. I just couldn't see ye And Pa didn't mean to hurt yer stay and help us? arm open.'] my Ma so. won't ye Can't ye do somethin' else for her ? [Pauses.~\ Please don't go I'm mighty sorry I didn't we made ye mad go to do it you see cut her feelin's [He I love falters. the lancet into his saddle-bags.] DOCTOR throws his them together. snaps and starts for the gate. Tom Lincoln but I damn ye but ! TOM I'm sorry. you go into the woods. make the coffin.'} Doctor ! DOCTOR What do ye want ? ABE [Seising his hand. Doctor her I just couldn't let ye bleed DOCTOR All right good-by [With a snort of anger.

as SARAH comes -from the house. draws ABE You'll stay I'd stay ? DOCTOR if I could."] help me I'm not sure! And I don't But I'm not sure know what else to do I've got no medicine so I ! All I can tell ye is to keep her warm and give her everything good to eat that she can take she's in God's hands Good-by can't stay.} for ye five years save her life that's all if you'll just save her just don't go please. I don't know what to do I'm not quite sure I'm right about the bleedin'. don't DOCTOR [The DOCTOR slips his arm around the him close and holds him a moment. but to tell ye the truth. or I'd stay and and do something make you both [He pauses.] Where's the doctor ? [6] .] What's the matter [Looks around. Abe boy. Sonny.] SARAH I've got the towel and bowl ? all ready [Pauses.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE ABE I'll work [Eagerly.~\ You're a good boy. [The DOCTOR hurries through the gate and leaves ABE and TOM gazmg -forlornly after him.

She pauses a moment in the doorway and smiles at her son. ABE around with homespun suggests against the dark background of the cabin door the coming of a spirit from the unseen world. ! NANCY I'm a lot better ABE You're too sick to come out here.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE ABE He's gone SARAH Gone Yes ? TOM [NANCY enters by door of cabin."] [NANCY'S sudden appearance in the door swings a quick cry of pain.] in blue ABE Oh.] Nancy I'm better. see settee. Ma NANCY I can walk [Smiling. The sun is tinging the eastern sky with the splendor of an The mother's figure Indian Summer morning. you mustn't TOM [Following.] as well as you can.] [She sways slightly toward the ABE But the Doctor says you must keep warm [7] . Ma.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE
NANCY
Well
have on the warm stockings that Sarah knit for me and the coon skin moccasins you made don't ? you see, I'm better now
I

ABE
[Joyfully.]

Look, Pa, she's better

!

SARAH
Yes
she's better!

TOM
[Alarmed.']

Don't try to walk

set

down, honey!

NANCY
[Sinking on bench.]

Yes

I will

[The boy comes
mother's face.]

closer,

staring

eagerly into

his

NANCY
Come
closer,

my

boy
at her feet.]

[ABE kneels
I'm a feared of

TOM
this,
it

Nancy

you better

let

me

git a hot

rock and wrap

up for your feet.

Yes,

and bring read to me.

Tom

NANCY me the

Bible.

I

want Abe

to

[ToM goes
Feel

into

the cabin worried over her.]

ABE
all right,

Ma

?

[8]

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE
NANCY
I

[She nods and breathes deeply her eyes alight.'} wanted to see the sun rise through the trees! You remember the day you cut down your first tree to begin the clearing and the sunlight came through
the hole you'd

made

to the sky

ABE
Yes
I

remember.

NANCY
You
called

me

to

come and

see

it

ABE
[In a whisper.']

Yes

NANCY
I

was proud that morning as I saw you stand with your ax on that big log anything my boy starts to do
he does
[Pauses.']

Your

father taught you to use the ax and [Turns and looks at ABE.] Your father's a good man, my son kind-hearted and true and everybody likes him. They made him road If supervisor of his township in Kentucky once. he could read and write he would have gone to the
legislature

[ToM

enters

from
it

the

cabin with the rock and

Bible, he crosses to

rock and puts

and helps him.

NANCY, and ABE takes the under her feet SARAH kneels NANCY'S hand drops on the
[9]

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE
bench.
it

TOM

picks up her hand, and the chill of

worries

him.']
rise,'}

[ABE and SARAH

NANCY
Read
to

me, son

I like to hear

your voice

ABE
[Brightly. "\

All right

what

?

NANCY
The Twenty-third Psalm.
I love to hear

[ABE looks for the place.] you read, my boy. do what any other man can

It
it

means that you can means so much
!

ABE
[Reads.]

The Lord

is

my
still

me

to

lie

shepherd I shall not want. He maketh down in green pastures. He leadeth me
waters.

beside

He

restoreth

my

soul.

He

leadeth

me

in the paths of righteousness for his

name's sake

NANCY
[In a whisper]

Yea, tho'

walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for thou art with me [ABE stops, looks up at his mother in amazement.]
I

ABE

Ma
NANCY
Remember
is in

always, my boy, that the day and the night.
[10]

God

is
is

He

in the

with you! He sun and

and now you can do anything! If God takes [She pauses exhausted. the trees and the grass and not a sparrow You recolfalls to the ground without He knows. lect the year you put up those gourds there [She points to the pole. and I want you never to doubt yourself.] you God would send them back ? in the spring. didn't I [She laughs softly. NANCY So want you never again to doubt God. my boy.] You cried for your martins ? in the fall away I told when they circled [ABE nods.] me ABE But you mustn't say that. and I know now they'll come again next spring. ! I've taught what you believe it's what you see that counts you to read and write. Your bare I feet. Ma.'] You said that find the He'd forget to tell them and they'd never didn't they ? way but they came ABE Yes.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE the wind. your ragged clothes. Ma ! NANCY "The judgments of together !" the Lord are true and righteous al- . nothing! it's It doesn't how poor you are this is count here it's what you feel.

Pa [Stoops to 1 fix her feet. You had grown a man strong and brave wise and gentle. I [12] .] boy NANCY Come back I want to tell you something saw last night! I had a dream the same one I had the night before you were born. then NANCY my work failed to is do I've tried and done do and you can ABE [Alarmed. The people hung on your words. my son. yet Tom ! ! Don't let him know you know TOM [With upward look of Yes. Ma! Don't talk that way! ! You'll give up if you do If He calls. It was still close. and did you homage. with you between two white pillars. ~\ Had she better talk so much.ABE No! no.] TOM [Feeling her hand. I faith. But you remembered this cabin here in I walked the deep woods and you were humble. all my son.] know It's all right [To ABE.] Nancy ! NANCY Just a minute more.

All that I am in there. boy ? ABE No what What what ? SARAH is it ? TOM [In deep religious awe. Outside I could hear the peoname.'} Don't ye understand. I bought it for you with my life. have mercy [ABE springs to TOM hand on his feet and stares in anguish. God. my Mother. as his knees beside NANCY. NANCY'S rests gently on TOM'S shaggy head.] she's smilin' ! Pa!.'} Look look at her eyes ! dream Heaven she's looking through She's not telling ye a the of gates ABE No It's no death no boy falls ! TOM it's come Lord.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE and solemn. I owe [Her " to you voice sinks to a whisper that is half a laugh of religious ecstasy. You bowed low and whisple calling your pered in my ear: "This is all yours. She's getting well I tell TOM [Whispering. while [13] .] ABE See how you [Joyfully.

I know iti NANCY And remember country if that you can be a great man in this free you only say I will [NANCY'S body sinks in death as the boy lifts his face illumined by the light of a great purpose. [ABE nods. he will be the child and you the to man ABE Yes NANCY And love your sister . and I'll my spirit if I will be watching.] If dark hours come. I will! CURTAIN . Ma.] ABE Yes. With her other hand she it feels for ABE'S and holds feebly.] NANCY Be good your Father.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE he sobs.'] [She In the days to come. my son help you can ABE Yes. pauses and breathes with difficulty.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE

PERSONS OF THE PLAY
ABRAHAM LINCOLN
MRS. LINCOLN COLONEL NICOLAY
......

The

President.

EDWARD EDWIN M. STANTON GEN. GEO. B. MCCLELLAN
CAPTAIN VAUGHAN BETTY WINTER

His Wife. His Secretary. The Doorman. Secretary of War.
.

Lincoln's Rival.

Of the U. S. Army. His Sweetheart.
Leader of Congress.
Editor of the Times.

THADDEUS STEVENS

HENRY RAYMOND
JOHN R. GILMORE
COLONEL JACQUESS JEFFERSON DAVIS

New

York

Of

the

New

York Tribune.

A

Methodist Clergyman.
acy.

President of the Confeder-

BENJAMIN JUDAH ROBERT OULD JUDGE
P.

His Secretary of State. Commissioner of Exchange.

ROBERT E. LEE

Commanding

General.

A

SISTER

Who

begs for her brother's a hearing.

life.

A CONGRESSMAN A LITTLE GIRL A MOTHER A WOMAN A TELEGRAPH OPERATOR A DOORMAN

Who demands
From
Virginia.

With a baby.
.

.

has lost two sons. In the White House.

Who

At Richmond. COMMITTEEMEN, SOLDIERS AND GUARDS.
[16]

ACT
SET SCENE
:

I

The

President's

room

in the

White House,

August

23, 1864.

A

Hat desk left center.

At

right

a long table and chairs. Doors open right and left. Large -windows open center. Beside the center window stands an upright desk. In one corner a
rack with
floor

map rollers and and leaning against the

folios of wall.

maps on

the

AT

RISE: Colonel Nicolay, the Presidents Secretary, is seen writing before an enormous pile of mail.
reads a letter and throws it down in disgust. Reads another and hurls it into the waste basket. He rises turns back to the desk and hurls an armful of the letters into the corner on the floor and removes enough letters to clear a space for his Chief
to write.

He

[EDWARD

enters dragging a mail bag.]

NICOLAY
[Calling to the

Doorman."]

Edward
Yes,
sir

!

EDWARD
NICOLAY
Hold
that door tight this

morning

EDWARD
Tight as a drum,
sir

[17]

'] [18] . Colonel Nicolay here's another bag of let- NICOLAY Another ? EDWARD And there's two more outside NICOLAY My God ! EDWARD Don't blame me. EDWARD Where'll I put these ? NICOLAY Throw the bag in the corner there's no room on his desk now EDWARD [Obeying. I'll vouch for your loyalty to the President.] Yes. He watches for a moment. and turns to NICOLAY destroying letters NICOLAY. sir I didn't write 'em NICOLAY No.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY If any men of importance try to crowd in before their time EDWARD I'll look out for them. sir ters. sir [Edward throws the bag in the corner of the room where NICOLAY has already piled the letters from the desk.

Colonel Nicolay ? NICOLAY If I can EDWARD What do ? they say in thse letters to the President I've served through four administrations I've never seen such piles of letters in the White fore House be- NICOLAY Well.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY Well. make peace peace at any price EDWARD God save us ! After nearly four years ? quit. an' it No wonder as if his eyes sink back he looks he were seeing ghosts [Pauses and starts. with noth- ing settled That's what these letters NICOLAY demand EDWARD You couldn't believe in his head. Edward these letters ask two things of Abraham Lincoln That he dismiss General Grant from com: mand The idiots of the Army EDWARD And stop the NICOLAY war to-day August to-day 23. 1864. Edward? EDWARD tell Will you me one thing.} [19] .

leading to the to his task of reading the letters one he tosses into the basket wearily one he crumples in anger and hurls into NICOLAY returns the basket. Mrs.] NICOLAY The fools ! [He is absorbed in a letter when MRS. LINCOLN have just heard that the Republican National Committee is in Washington ! NICOLAY They are MRS. and goes to meet ? What is it.~\ He rises I MRS. LINCOLN What do they want? NICOLAY There are ugly rumors MRS. quickly. and exits to door main corridor. LINCOLN What ? What ? What [20] ? .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY Watch out for that door. LINCOLN enters in a state of nervous excitement. LINCOLN In conference at Senator Winter's house ? NICOLAY Yes MRS. Lincoln her. Edward [EDWARD bows.

LINCOLN them ? into words they're incredible All the same. Lincoln. are deserting the Chief. this morning. LINCOLN You In can't make it too plain to suit me NICOLAY my Weak-kneed fools opinion. until the Chief knows MRS. Madam.~\ The Chief wouldn't like it if I talk. LINCOLN Mr. LINCOLN You've heard something you know something I can't endure the suspense tell me Only rumors NICOLAY and they're too ugly to put MRS.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY I can't discuss it. Every man who loves [21] . They've just sent a his public demand to me that he see them before reception begins MRS. you believe [Impetuously. the devil is to pay.'] What have you heard NICOLAY [Shakes his head. Ill tell you a few things I'm thinking in plain English if you'd like to hear MRS. He will. before he knows. doesn't know NICOLAY Not yet.

Edward EDWARD Yes. LINCOLN What can you mean ? The Republican National Committee have no power over the President of the United "States No. and he's too big trusted alone with wolves and generous to be MRS. mean ? [EDWARD enters. LINCOLN Show her right in here. Lincoln is already the nominee of his party for the second term chosen two months ago and the election is but eight weeks off what do you . . Madam [22] . LINCOLN But Mr."] EDWARD Miss Betty Winter to see you.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE Abraham Lincoln must get off his coat now and He is the only man who can save this Nafight. . tion to-day. Madam Nominee of NlCOLAY But they have certain powers over the their party MRS. LINCOLN How Yes fortunate they're at her father's house NlCOLAY MRS. Ma'am MRS.

LINCOLN Locked in ? BETTY [Nods. dear.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE MRS.'] Welcome my child BETTY You're always so kind ! NICOLAY Excuse me.'] Right this way.] MRS.] she's loyal to Mr. LINCOLN Tell me.] With the keyhole chinked up [23] ! . Lincoln EDWARD [At door left. Miss Betty [BETTY enters a young woman 25 years old poised. LINCOLN And [To NICOLAY. chwming. LINCOLN [Meeting Betty. [ while I go out and get rid of some of these people waiting to see the President ladies NICOLAY exits. you've heard something the Republican National Committee are at your father's BETTY They they've adjourned to Stevens' house across the street from us in with father for were there Thaddeus They were locked two hours MRS.'] MRS. cultured.

you can't be sure. LINCOLN You're sure ? BETTY It sounded like a regular dog Sure one big brute howling ! fight with [Imitates. fighting the Union. my dear BETTY What on earth could they be discussing you for ? MRS. LINCOLN My loyalty. LINCOLN How Well do you know I ? BETTY did hear a little ! I could hear from the next room when they got excited! It's Lincoln they're discussing not his wife Abraham MRS. LINCOLN what they're up to ? BETTY the faintest MRS. Betty they're discussing me They didn't mention BETTY your name MRS.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE And you Not didn't get a hint of MRS. LINCOLN But. Fools . ] the President's name above the din MRS. of course in the you know that [24] my brothers are Southern Army. LINCOLN Oh.

LINCOLN And I'm going to ask you to help me BETTY I'll be in the Cabinet next ! The truth is. Stewart and Company an for dresses enormous bill $60. had to get them! The would be disgraced regime I've shown LINCOLN world said the White House by [25] my awkward better! husband's I them But just . Lincoln no one believes such lies about you now it's absurd not even in this bitter campaign MRS. child it's someconfi- thing worse dence now I'm going to take you into may I? my BETTY I'll be tickled to death with the honor ! MRS.] That is not the real thing I'm afraid of. T. LINCOLN owe A.000 BETTY Sixty thousand ! oh.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE have accused me of giving them important secrets of the Government. I MRS. my Lord! That's worse than mine I MRS. When I hate them for all theyhave done to me and mine ! BETTY But my dear Mrs. LINCOLN [Hesitates.

Lincoln will be here in a few minutes. LINCOLN Mr.'] On one condition that you help me ".A MAN OF THE PEOPLE couldn't tell Mr. LINCOLN Get here before they do. Lincoln. dear brutal but it lips. and I'll head them Mr. Lincoln first off I'll tell BETTY [Smiling. MRS. if they know BETTY And if they know ? MRS. Yes. him see your sweetheart first [26] I'll have . MRS. the thought of me BETTY But you know he'd defend you against any one who dares attack you. If these jackals have found out it and attack him on will kill my account. LINCOLN would hurt him so to hear it from their I want you to find out from your father. He has no idea of the cost of clothes. LINCOLN Anything you ask BETTY I've promised for my fiance that I him to see the President would get an appointment on something very im- portant MRS.

LINCOLN God ' bless you. I'll find out if they're discussing politics or bill.] If it's dresses I'll beat BETTY them to the White House! NICOLAY [BETTY exits. your dressmaker's [BETTY hurries LINCOLN. LINCOLN I'm going. He wants an hour alone it's Could you get it for him. LINCOLN do it.] to the door. Madam MRS.] The President is coming. But I may want to see him before that Committee in case I send in see that he comes. child [NICOLAY Hurry ! enters by the other door. will you? . followed by MRS. LINCOLN I think so BETTY You'll try I'll ? MRS. child certainly! You're one loyal friend we have in that crowd of wolves on the Capitol Hill BETTY All right. to-night ? MRS.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE BETTY But a personal matter and he doesn't wish to come to a public reception. MRS.

] don't forget that from that door. MRS. sir LINCOLN Thank you CS "" ~~ you know the ones I want to see NICOLAY JL ? Sir"""" LINCOLN And [Softly. saving of a [Pauses. with hands [Laughs. Madam.'] and stands at attention as LINCOLN en- [LINCOLN crosses the room with long nervous stride.] LINCOLN Sorry for you. looks at the pile of letters and shakes his head wearily. never fear! LINCOLN exits and NICOLAY hastily arranges his desk ters.'] call I'll do my [MRS. LINCOLN [Eagerly.'] no man or woman can be turned who comes here to ask for the human life [28] .] all these letters on your You have I'm trying to work ! to get NICOLAY them out of your way. part.. reaches his desk. John.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE I'll try to NlCOLAY manage it.. The friends of the Chief may on you for some inside work.

the front. this came in code from Sherman LINCOLN another telegram.] Any news from NICOLAY [Handing him a telegram.] Yes.] From General Grant's lines only this. War off to head you is out there now.] all Somehow I could The Generals are after me about my pardons NICOLAY The Secretary of bit. He's no business here Let him paw a hole in the ground. LINCOLN Mars in yet. I think Don't let old hour.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE There's a firing squad shooting a boy this down in Virginia morning ! I [Shakes his head. this morning? at this [Pauses. sir LINCOLN [Reads. not find an excuse to save him [Sighs." Too bad rush a regi- ment after the mules Jeff Davis can they're worth $200 a piece have my Brigadier General ! NICOLAY [Laughs. champing his on some of them.] "Confederate Cavalry raiders capture a Brigadier General and fifty army mules.} hope I didn't do wrong to let them.] [Hands sir and [29] .

Anything else NICOLAY him a large document. I cannot find the position or strength of Hood's second line " W. with a LINCOLN It might make trouble Grant might resent my inter- ference with his plan of campaign NICOLAY It would have to be filed in the War ? Department LINCOLN Yes I know. military order he's sensitive sir.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN [Eagerly.'] [Handing Baker's full report head Societies of the secret service on the CopperHe asks for the immediate ar- rest of their leaders and [30] I think he's right .'] "Scouts report Hood's trenches before Atlanta are impregnable carefully considering a flank movement but as yet."] ! If-Sherman- I've a notion to telegraph Sherman an order direct ! NICOLAY I wouldn't go over General Grant's head.~\ Grant's deadlocked with Lee at Petersburg could-only-give-us-Atlanta [Pauses. T."] Word from Sherman! Good! [Reads. Sher- man[Pauses.

sir What on earth are they doing here ? NICOLAY That's what everybody's asking LINCOLN They should be victory in their States.] I'm ready now to see the people It [Shakes his head. is with them. and has just sent word demanding a hearing before your public reception this morning. They can wait while the humbler people have . leading the Party to What do they want? NICOLAY To see you LINCOLN Umph ! NICOLAY Henry Raymond.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN now it's an ugly business too ugly for haste I'll look it over carefully [Lays the report on his desk. They're all distinguished men. their Chairman. LINCOLN Make the appointment later.] won't do it won't do just NlCOLAY The Republican National Committee LINCOLN are in town.

I means to have the great rush by No [Laughs. It tones me up for the day's in.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE their turn. I know what me it came up here from the wilderness. They can only me the rumors! wish me to hedge on some of my principles in this crisis. I'm going to plant my feet squarely on people.'] I'll see the common folks first NICOLAY I think you'd better see this sir Committee right away. I've made going to make.] [32] . that faith and wait the verdict of this election the campaign statements I'm faith in the good sense of the I've all NICOLAY You won't see the Committee now ? LINCOLN No ! I'll take my bath of public opinion first. work let them [STANTON bursts into the room in a towering rage. I want to see real beat close to men and women and feel their hearts mine. LINCOLN Why Some ? What have you heard NICOLAY ? ugly rumors LINCOLN We've enough of them flying Spare around Washington to poison us all.

and by God. STANTON [Angrily.] You have no ditions tained. President. I'm going to exercise that privilege! [STANTON paces the HOOT furiously. ! right to exercise it under the present conDiscipline in our armies must be main- You are hamstringing [33] me and every Gen- .] Nicolay! How dare you keep me waiting in an anteI want you room. I've ! the right to enter this room at any hour. announced or unannounced. day or night. Stanton Easy Easy.] [NicoLAY turns away and laughs. or we'll have to put some rocks in your pocket What can I do to hold you down.] Well. I've come here this morning to make a square issue with you on the abuse of the pardoning power which you are making daily LINCOLN As Chief Magistrate of the peopje. President. I've been kept waiting! [Confronting NICOLAY. that as Secretary of War. ? ! STANTON Mr. sir. and it's all right. with that power. while you talk to the President to understand.'} LINCOLN [Laughing. you're here now. Stanton I have been clothed i.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE STANTON Mr.

of War Good-by! Secretary [STANTON strides angrily to the door and LINCOLN speaks as he puts his hand on the knob. sir! asked this morning to pardon a deserter.] LINCOLN Wait a minute STANTON It's no use LINCOLN Come back here.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE eral in the field by suspending the death penalty of our Courts-Martial. and see what I'll do to ! them! STANTON You You'll be can't evade the issue I'm making. I call a halt here this and now will you stop to-day the use of ? pardoning power LINCOLN I've got to hear both sides it's my solemn duty STANTON There's my resignation as your All right. I'm done. I've something to say to you. [STANTON returns. sands and we've got to put a stop to LINCOLN That's what I say Bring to me the traitors who are causing them to desert. Men are deserting in thouit.] STANTON You're wasting your breath [34] .

And so. stand between a nation and hell. Even in your passions and hatreds. I a lifetime. that your nerves were made of sieel and your capacity for work was boundless. a low clown the original gorilla. you've resigned. I've for a minute in these years of blood and anguish. I appointed you Secretary of War against the advice of every man about me. You've made the best Secrethis country ever had. I him a moment I'll hopelessly. duty. and reappointed you [Pauses and strokes his shoulder.'] . and I'll keep right on here tempering War mean traits ! ! Justice with Mercy when I get a chance. you showed a loyalty to the Union that rose above the parties and creeds of In spite of that all this. STANTON [Casing at Well. They I like men of your strong personality.'} Go back to your desk and stick to the rules that's your business. I've learned to love you Now. In spite of your and your awful profanity. never regretted tary of my it bitter foe.] ! suppose have to try [35] [Snorts. You had said me that were ever spoken Washington called You saw me and that's putting it pretty strong. to my cabinet. I appointed you.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Stanton. You were a can- tankerous Democrat and the meanest things about in my enemy. conscripted you again. I've accepted your resignation. saw your great qualities! I were absolutely fearless and absolutely you honest. and done your as you see it.

"] LINCOLN John. She is plainly dressed in homespun cloth and does not [36] .'] All right now LINCOLN But look here."] [STANTON ing If I have to send over a pardon or two to you this morn- STANTON Hell fire! Easy easy now ! You'll LINCOLN know they're very urgent. She enters. LINCOLN follows to meet the young woman."] in wild gesture of despair. wasn't he ? Get them in here quick who's the first in turn ? NICOLAY A young lady to Bring her in! plead for the life of her brother LINCOLN [As NICOLAY goes to the door. the old Fox was trying to head me off.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE But I'm again ! damned if you interfere with me [STANTON hurries to the door. a forlorn little figure with baby face and blonde hair. my God! [STANTON exits. Stanton pauses. and will admit of no delay on account of red tape STANTON [Throws his hands up Oh.

] [37] . in the old Colonial days THE SISTER to Oh [Overcome.'] haf no speech LINCOLN Come now.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE wear hoopskirts. little girl all the others will have to wait on you now THE Ya-ya it is SISTER ya. You mine brudder he ist just von leetle poy. LINCOLN My [Taking both her hands. it's [She chokes.] dear young lady I'm glad to see you good old I knew you before you spoke Pennsylvania Dutch ! my folks came down to Virginia from there.] Take your time. The President greets her with the utonost deference. tell me in your own way what I can do to help you THE SISTER Oh Meester Presiden t'ing und I am you can do all you can do any so happy to see you I cannot be- gin LINCOLN [Soothing her.'] Meester Presiden are so kind you are so goot me you I [Pauses overcome. und I must hurry. Meester Presiden von leetle poy with curly hair like mine my turn now see.

und he leef ze armee und come home und kiss me und say. all alone."] LINCOLN "Why should Brothers Fight?" "By Richard Vaughan" I'll an old Copperhead leader [Pauses. little girl? THE Ya I SISTER haf no friens here LINCOLN Your Congressman does not know of this? [NICOLAY begins to make out the pardon. mein seester you see he lif Und [Breaks down."] warrant! And you came to me.] zey come und take heem.] what happened to him. he read und he tink vot ze book say is so. SISTER wid me in Pennsylvania ve are all alone to-gedder und he lef me und go into der armee und von bad man he giv him a leetle book vot tell him to desert und go home to his peoples I haf dot leetle book. my dear? THE Veil.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN And [Taking her hand. "I vill take care " of you now. Meester Presiden [She hands him the book.] Und my brudder he's such a leetle poy. und shot now he is to be [She chokes] [LINCOLN reads the title of the little book.] [38] .

speak for you you speak for yourself you're good and honest and love your brother and by jings.] all my heart! SISTER LINCOLN [To NICOLAY. tell him to rush that order to They [39] shall not shoot this poor . you I'm sorry to rile old Stanton don't wear hoopskirts again [Laughs.] Meester Presiden I praise ze good God LINCOLN There ! There ! Now.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE THE I all I SISTER do not know ze Congress-man haf mem leetle brudder is LINCOLN Alone. don't do that. you don't need anybody to Well. you'll have me will ing in a minute and John Nicolay here crysee me THE Ya! Meester Nicolay too SISTER won't mind he so kind to me [NICOLAY has prepared the pardon and the President signs and hands it to her.] THE Wiz [Seising the pardon.] Send her to Stanton.] But I'm going to pardon your brother ! THE [Seizes and SISTER Oh kisses his hand. friendless you! with no Congressman to speak for little girl. and stay the execution.

] pardon. Mr. take her sage to the War Office with this mes- EDWARD Yes. sir CONGRESSMAN I demand to see the President at once NICOLAY I can't admit you.'] SISTER vill Mein brudder he vill go back und he be von goot poy for you. I know he and God bless you. advising desertion gallows forty cubits high ! hang him on a. my child.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE boy.'] [NicoLAY writes on the back of the THE [Joyfully.'] NICOLAY Edward. ! to the doorman.'] I'll into his hand. Congressman. just now[40] . ignorant of our laws. but who put that little book if he can find the man [Holds up book. [He lays the booklet on his desk. I LINCOLN know he will. Meester Presiden Yes. will. Good-by. Und God THE SISTER Meester Presiden [NICOLAY pauses at the door and gives orders bless you.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE [Forcing his I CONGRESSMAN way in. He has trader whose ship has spent five years in prison. and cannot pay the heavy solid citizens of fine in one of the money imposed LINCOLN He is not a bad man at heart. And he wants me to pardon him this slave-trader f CONGRESSMAN I ask as a matter of justice five long years in prison it he has paid the penalty LINCOLN [Laughs.'] demand it. a slave been confiscated. John CONGRESSMAN Mr. she's done glorious service in this war but a man who can make a business of going to Africa and . sir [LINCOLN crosses LINCOLN What is it."] I might pardon a murderer from old Massachusetts.] to the door. LINCOLN All right ! Out with it ! CONGRESSMAN He is Massachusetts . President. I demand have been here three times the right to see you to ask the pardon of one of I ! my constituents.

He lifts his head.] selling before that man can have liberty by any act of jail mine. women and ! children and them into bondage [He pauses and stiffens. what a wee girl and you got in here all by youris writing.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE robbing her of helpless men.] Now.] Why.'] Yes I heard it LINCOLN [Turning back papers. John [As NICOLAY exits with the Congressman who continues to talk in loud tones. a sweet little girl of twelve slips by and reaches the President's desk unannounced. he can stay in and rot! NlCOLAY [To the Congressman. and smiles. The President has taken his seat While the President continues to write. sees her.] to his desk. the little girl slips close and watches him wistfully. you've got it ! CONGRESSMAN [Crestfallen. and examining ! his Good Bring in the next one. and self ? VIRGINIA I slipped in when no one was looking LINCOLN Did you? What did you do that for? [42] .

] VIRGINIA [Breathlessly. LINCOLN Of course.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE I VIRGINIA was afraid they wouldn't let me I wanted LINCOLN [Tenderly. His voice is low and [43] tender and full of feeling. [He seises his pen. writes a pass and hands it to her. you do and you shall too. and her slender body stiffens as she slowly speaks. stoops her hand in his. you're loyal [VIRGINIA'S lips quiver. she hesitates.] .'] Oh. sir ginia battle my a pass to go through the lines to Virhe was shot in the last brother's there I and want to see him. if they knew what And what do you want? VIRGINIA If you please.} in. looks up into his face through dimmed eyes. Lincoln looks away to hide and takes from her his own emotion.] Of course.] VIRGINIA Yes loyal with all my little heart fingers [The trembling the tears roll to Virginia! hand the pass back as down her cheeks. thank you thank you! [Casually placing his LINCOLN hand on her ? head.

yes I promise LINCOLN [Handing her the pass.] LINCOLN Come on John it's all right.. child.] and can trust you implicitly. And I'll love you always for this you've given me of a great spirit and a great That's why I can't let the South go We need them Now I can trust you ? VIRGINIA [Eagerly. when your people and no longer be enemies [44] . dear. Come down You here. You're a little girl people. child.'] in. I'm about through with this young lady [NICOLAY brings the young mother to the desk and LINCOLN takes VIRGINIA down stage.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN I know what brave glimpse it cost ! you to say that. see. They can't leave this Union. so old man Nicolay can't hear us he mightn't understand.] May God mine shall speed the day. sir! [NICOLAY enters with a young mother and baby and hesitates at sight of the little girl. I understand you Now if I give you back this and let you go will you promise me that no word shall pass your lips of what you've seen inside our lines? Oh."] Yes. [He sits on a chair and draws the girl close.

] let's send her down? [451 . sir ! LINCOLN Run now! [VIRGINIA kiss. and my husband's never seen the baby LINCOLN That's too bad THE MOTHER He's in the army and I I couldn't stand it any longer so came down the baby the War Office Washington to get a pass to take to him.'] mother.] I'll bet old Mars wouldn't to Phew ! [Pauses and turns What do you say. John NICOLAY. At the door she throws him a [LINCOLN comes quickly her Well. But he wouldn't let me have it at to LINCOLN [Laughs. sir.'} If you please. we ain't been married but a little over a year.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VIRGINIA Thank you. little to the mother and greets cheerily.] NICOLAY Tell him yourself THE MOTHER [Trembling.] exits. what's the matter? to [She hesitates and appeals NICOLAY.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY The strictest orders have been issued to allow no more women to go to the front LINCOLN Humph Well. I'll tell you what we can do give her husband a leave of absence. do you? I just can't help ! I can't stop I can't stop laughing LINCOLN Laugh and cry as much as you please but tell me where are you stopping? THE MOTHER Nowhere yet.} You don't it mind my ! laughing. LINCOLN We'll fix that then Nicolay will write you an order that will take you and your baby to a good hospital and ! care for you till your husband comes he can stay here a week with you [46] and fix it so . and let him come up here to see them! ! THE MOTHER [Laughing and crying. sir LINCOLN How's that? THE MOTHER I went straight from the depot to the War Office and then I just walked the street blind with crying till I made up my mind to come here.

little mother and off with you now clear out! [The mother goes out laughing. President deferentially.] I just can't thank to laugh! vou! I'm so happy.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE THE MOTHER [Laughs.] salute our Savior ! [47] . all I can do is LINCOLN Laugh on. They are typical Africans.] FIRST NEGRO [Bowing Mr.'] [NicoLAY shows the little mother out and returns to LINCOLN.] Our Father Abraham THIRD NEGRO We [With religious feeling. sir now? LINCOLN At once [LINCOLN turns to his desk and takes up a document containing his plan of Colonisation and examines it as NICOLAY and three well-dressed colored men enter.'] ! SECOND NEGRO [Tenderly.] NICOLAY The deputation of colored men whom you asked to come will you see them this morning are waiting.

and [48] is open to am now arranging to open another in Central . to be separated. But even when you cease to be slaves. the greatest on any people. not a single man of your race is made the equal of a single man of ours is race suffering.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Welcome. us both. sir [The ebony faces with their crecwn white teeth showing in smiles and their wide rolling eyes make a striking contrast to the rugged face and poise of the President. have sent for you this morning your hands a copy of my plan for colonization and to ask your help my friends. For the sake of your people you should sacrifice something of cannot alter if I would. you are yet far removed from being placed on an equality with the white race. it's so ! LINCOLN Go where you I are treated best and the ban it is still upon for you. I to place in FIRST NEGRO Yes. wrong inflicted FIRST NEGRO It's so yes. On this broad continent. therefore.'] LINCOLN Your in my judgment. It is better your present comfort. I Liberia is an old one. FIRST NEGRO Let our great leader show us the way it LINCOLN The Colony of you.

She walks quietly to the President smile. I ask you to consider it seriously.'] and ex- tends her hand with a gracious THE WOMAN 1HE WOMAN Perhaps I've done wrong to take up your time [49] .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE America. You are intelligent and know that suc- external help as on self-reliance. not for yourselves merely.'] and find this out for me show FIRST NEGRO We'll do our best THIRD NEGRO [Bowing out with religious ecstasy. sir ! practical thing I LINCOLN want to ascertain is whether I can get a number of able-bodied men with their wives and children to go at once men who "can cut their own it fodder" so to speak ? Take this plan. BUT FOR THE GOOD OF MANKIND. to your people [Hands the document to the First Negro. FIRST NEGRO We The will. cess does not so much depend on nor for your race and ours for the present time."} Praise God forever for our Savior-Leader ! [NICOLAY ushers out the three Negroes and shows in a stately black-robed figure in mourning for her dead. If you will engage in the enterprise I will spend the money Congress has entrusted to me for this purpose.

said it had not stopped at daysaw you staggering alone under a Nation's light. I know I'm looking into the eyes of the man whose word can stop this war and divide the Union I have come to tell you that I lost my first born son I The guard at Fredericksburg a lad of twenty [She pauses and LINCOLN bends and presses her hand. morning that all came from this At ten. under an impulse I could not resist. President. Stoddard. Mr. Madam THE WOMAN Mr. Mr. He told me this night the sound of your footfall room. at midnight the Secretary of War left the door ajar and the steady tramp came with heavier sound. your third Secreto you. The last thing he heard at three was the muffled beat upstairs.] May God help you in your has helped me in mine trials. sorrow and I wondered if you had been given the vision to see the dawn of a new life for our people. at eleven.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN My I've time belongs to the people. is come my friend. as he LINCOLN [Startled.'] You lost your first born at Fredericksburg and come to say this to me? THE WOMAN And I've been praying for you. day and night since [50] . He heard it at nine. tary. President.

and I've come this morning to bring you this message Be strong and courageous.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN [Softly. [LINCOLN closes both hcmds over hers and holds them a moment in silence. Madam THE WOMAN I have been praying for you.~\ [51] . and God will bring the Nation through! LINCOLN You say this to me standing beside the grave of your son? And of sixteen who was wounded in General Grant's last battle.] LINCOLN How [With upward gaze. and she'd help me if she could! While you were talking to me I got the tremor of her voice and the quiver of her lips how strange ! [Looking down into her face. dangerously I am proud of two such sons to lay on the altar of beside the cot of THE WOMAN my other boy my country. her spirit would be watching. I've often wondered if the soul of my mother were not speaking to me! The day she died in the woods of Indiana.~\ strange that you should come to me in this black hour with such a message. she told me that if dark hours came. day and night.} Will you say that again. I had to tell you that I'm praying for you.

] an unexpected honor you and your Raymond. Madam You have brought me medicine for both body and soul. [LINCOLN presses her hand again and she quietly goes as he gazes after her. I'm rested now I'm ready for any work NICOLAY The National Committee have LINCOLN All right let just arrived. You are the leaders of public opinion. Mr. The people rale this country.] LINCOLN taking his hand formally. Not that you're unwelcome. brought such startling These gentlemen have reports from their several [52] . President. I thought you were at your desk in the Times office pouring hot shot into the flanks of our enemies. Committee do me. and the boys were all at home fighting for the victory that must be ours on the first Tuesday in November. enter and solemnly range themselves about the President. Editor of the New York Times.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE Thank you. them in! [LINCOLN resumes his place beside his desk and the Committee headed by HENRY RAYMOND. that our mission gravest is of importance. and I am their servant what is it ? this is [To HENRY RAYMOND RAYMOND You may the be sure. sir.~\ ! [NicoLAY starts to follow her to the door LINCOLN ! lifts his hand.'] John.

unanimous conclusion LINCOLN And that is ? RAYMOND That with your personality and record against General McClellan's. that you should roll up your sleeves and get to work."] What ! RAYMOND I liave stated it bluntly [53] . as I have been renominated for a second term. your Democratic opponent the election for us is lost. Mr.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE states as to the bitterness that they have reached a and closeness of the fight. different conclusion President. has reached a LINCOLN Yes ? RAYMOND In view of your unpopularity. in view of the criticism of your policies. and the election is only eight is blunt. LINCOLN Your statement But. RAYMOND The National Committee. my administration has been endorsed by our party. weeks off there is but one conclusion possible and that is. and your conduct of the war they have decided to ask you to withdraw from the and permit them to name a new candidate ticket LINCOLN [Springing to his feet.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN And this is your unanimous verdict. one at a time. away spare me the oratory. President clusion of this Committee I am telling you the con- LINCOLN All right. gentlemen ALL Yes. my party leaders. They have found it impossible to defend your policies LINCOLN [Brusquely. the plain reasons. should heap this insult upon the man who led you to your first incredible and only victory. LINCOLN [Paces the floor mittee. That you should come here today to ask me to quit under fire.'} a moment and then faces the Com! It surpasses it human belief Future generations will hold that you. Mr. please just give why you wish me to get off the ticket Raymond fire me [54] .'] What policies? RAYMOND Understand me. to sacrifice without a blow all I hold worth fighting for on this earth ! RAYMOND The Committee made their request solely on the ground of patriotic duty and ask you for the sacrifice upon the same grounds.

Kentucky and Missouri. to the Union. the Union cannot my Proclamation of Eman- cipation. You have not yet declared the slaves free in these states. wrong. RAYMOND But why pat on the back the slaveholder of Maryland and strike at the slaveholder of South Carolina? LINCOLN Because Maryland Carolina is and South Proclamation was not a sermon on the rights of man black or white. nothing is wrong. we have such a balance of power that the Union may be saved! be saved ! Without these Therefore in states. Kentucky and Missouri.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE RAYMOND The policy found indefensible has been your handling of the border slave states of Maryland. But the Constitution of the United States. and save the Union. I purposely did not raise the question of If slavery is not the right or wrong of slavery. I know the spell of [551 . the only ones in which you first actually have the power to do so at all. guarantees to their people the right to hold slaves if they choose. It is loyal it. end the war. LINCOLN The first for policy of my Administration has been to save the Union the great border states for the simple reason with these border slave states. which I have sworn to uphold in the border states of Maryland. fighting My was an act of war a blow aimed at the heart of the seceding South to break its wealth and power.

And if I could save it would do it. I do because I believe it helps to save this Union! [Pauses and faces his accusers. In God's own time slavery will be destroyed.'} if I I'll by freeing all the slaves. LINCOLN Just so."] Will the gentleman from Kentucky tell me what would have been the effect if I had included his state in my The proclamation freeing the slaves ? THE KENTUCKY COMMITTEEMAN state would have seceded from the Union. What I do about slavery and the colored race. I would also do that. gentlemen. Many a mother in Richmond wept the day our flag fell their tears from their Capitol. I will not apologize for this act. the Union.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE State loyalty in the South. and in Missouri? [56] . But they brushed away and sent their sons to the front the next day. without freeing a slave. sir. I would do it. if I put them to. [He lifts his hand to stop interruption. If I could save either to save or destroy slavery. And and leaving others alone. and not. I was born there. I have saved these states for our cause by conciliation and compromise.'] is My paramount object to save the Union. to fight that flag in the name of Virginia! So would thousands of mothers in these border slave states. I could save it by freeing some test this question right here will the three Com- mitteemen from Kentucky.the test. Missouri and Maryland stand up for a minute? [The three Committeemen rise.

LINCOLN And with the loss of our Capital. would they not? THE MARYLAND COMMITTEEMAN Undoubtedly. are with me on this ALL THREE Yes! Yes! Yes! [57] . at least. THE LINCOLN And Maryland ? THE MARYLAND COMMITTEEMAN Maryland would have promptly cut the railroads leading into Washington. eager to strike.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE MISSOURI COMMITTEEMAN The Legislature would have joined the Confederacy within twenty-four hours. Europe. sir LINCOLN So I hold THE MARYLAND COMMITTEEMAN Our State believed you when you said in your Inaugural "I have no purpose directly or indirectly to inter: where fere with the institution of slavery in the states it exists!" LINCOLN Then you issue? three gentlemen. would have recognized the Confederacy. isolated the Capital and joined the South.

We owe it to ourselves.] What next? RAYMOND Your plan Negro race as expressed in Proclamation of Emancipation and in the bill your which you have had passed through Congress has hurt your best friends to colonise the LINCOLN And why should it? to all My views on that subject were before you nominated me first in I said then that I beChicago. we should return him to the home of his fathers.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN I thought so [To Raymond. known men The Negro cannot re- a free democracy unless we absorb him into our social and political life. we owe it to main in Negro himself. He was brought here by cruel At our own expense. and build there a free republic for his children. Therefore. we owe it to future generations above all. millions of our We must face this money. we must colonize him. and we should give him the force. lieved there is a sharp physical difference between the white and black races. and I have always linked colonization with freedom. problem squarely now. . therefore. four years ago. RAYMOND Yet you compromise on other [58] issues. until he can stand alone. We should give him our language and our ideals.

LINCOLN [Firmly. the South should be held as conquered soil. the representative of the radical wing of our party.'} Which means that you think that I have been I thank you always am superfluous and proceed! STEVENS We denounce first your policy of reconstruction in the South as weak and vacillating a civil and military failure. has been the only creative force within it and is the only thing that gives it an excuse for being to-day. I have always held that the happiness and progress of this Union of Free Democratic States will be secure only in the separation of the white and black races. Stevens will give their views. gentlemen? RAYMOND I now present the Hon. STEVENS [Pompously to the Committee. leader of Congress.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Only because must to save the Union. who have split our organization by nominating another candidate fof President Mr. and future generations will feel their way back to it through blood and tears.'} The radical wing of the party.] the next charge in your of indictment. its civilization torn up [59] . As the army advances. and I will not eat my words! I bill [Pauses. gentlemen. Trim and hedge on this issue. Thaddeus Stevens.

as I have You can have always said: "Come back home! peace at any moment. its anguish. I greet with shame your demands Surely the vastness of this war. The ballot must be taken from the whites and given to by the their slaves. should sink all schemes of revenge.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE roots. Before the grandeur of its ! simple story our children will walk with uncovered heads. in the South is healed. its sublime earnestness. the property of the Southern white people confiscated and given to the Negroes. [60] . demands that the Negro be given the ballot and made the ruler of the South. God's vengeance shall be enough. STEVENS The of our party. which we bury strifes and The good sense of our people will never consent to your scheme of vengeance. We demand this just less ! vengeance and we will be content with nothing LINCOLN Stevens. It is justice it is patriot- LINCOLN The Nation cannot be healed until Let the gulf be closed hatreds. its grim battles. Conquered soil The South has never been ! out of this Union. by simply laying down your arms and submitting to the National Authority. I say to the South now. its heroism." When the South lies crushed at our feet. is not vengeance. life This ism. sir. Secession was null and void from the beginning.

sign right arm fallen foe! STEVENS I have always known you had a sneaking admiration for the South! LINCOLN I love the South it is a part of this is lifted. Stevens. But the line is drawn now we've got to fight and I'm not afraid of you. STEVENS Bah I ! LINCOLN can't tell you. work with you than fight you. if it's possible. child in am and every man. an American! [61] woman and . and they pose. have not failed me. and I valley. it Union ! And when the curse of slavery spot of the world I should be the garden love every foot of its soil every hill it.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE STEVENS The people have no second. I'd rather how your venomous plans STEVENS You had better listen LINCOLN I'll suffer my I'll fore to be severed from my body beone measure of revenge on a brave. sense ! And a new fool is born every LINCOLN I have an abiding faith in their honesty ana! good purI have trusted the people before. sicken me.

the confiscation of the property of the white people of the South and its bestowment upon the negroes. the taking of the from the whites and setting their slaves to rule over them on this program I resign as your candidate and nominate for President. who would you put in my place? [He faces RAYMOND and STEVENS.] You can't name him? me try to nominate him for you On a platform of proscription and revenge. Thaddeus Stevens ballot THE COMMITTEE [In a wild uproar. and dead follows.] STEVENS lifts Now that you've had your joke let me remind you that the radical wing of the Republican Party has already named General John C.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE The kind of an American that STEVENS makes the George B. election of your opponent.] No! No! No! Not by a damn Stevens ! sight! To hell with [LINCOLN quietly laughs and STEVENS angrily his hand to quiet them. Fremont against you [62] .] silence Come on out with his name Let ! [They remain silent. the hanging of rebel leaders. the Hon. tainty General McClellan. a cer- LINCOLN Well.

we lost by four chance ! ! You [63] . In Pennsylvania even.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN [To the Committee.] What ? Shall I resign in favor say you. Maine cut you down from nineteen thousand to four The Democrats swept Ohio. Cabinet Copperhead Platform is conceded by your own McClellan is even now choosing his LINCOLN They say it is hatched not wise to count chickens before they're we still have our chance! STEVENS You have no have already been weighed and found wanting! In the Congressional election. split the party and named Fremont because we wouldn't We Get off the ticket and we will withdraw Fremont and put up a man who can be elected Whatever the chances of General Fremont at this moment the election of McClellan on a Democratic have you. No No No ! ! ! ! ! with Fre- ! [RAYMOND I quiets the uproar. what happened? your majorities were wiped out. gentlemen of the bolte"r who attempted to dictate to you your platform and your candidate before your convention met? Do you ask me to resign in favor of General Fremont ? THE COMMITTEE No No Down with the bolter To the devil Damnation no mont. ! party councils. Indiana deserted us.] STEVENS am not asking you to nominate Fremont.

! consin was a the Democrats won by In your own state of seventeen thousand LINCOLN Even so. amid the curses and jeers of the is men who failure elected you! Your of the administration a of your conduct war a series blunders LINCOLN [Brusquely. You can fool all of the people sometimes. Stevens the ballots in this election have not ! yet been counted sense of the people My is faith in the ultimate good unshaken. New York elected New Jersey turned tie.] For one thing General.'] For example STEVENS [Furiously. In thirty days of the last campaign in a series of massacres. You can fool some of the people all the time. Lee. But you can't fool all the people all the time ! STEVENS That's why we ask you to get off the ticket! You are to-day the most unpopular man who ever sat in the Presidential chair. WisIllinois. For the first time in our history the effigy of a living President your effigy has been publicly burned in the streets of American towns and cities. Lee has killed and wounded sixty-two thousand of [64] . against us. you have never yet chosen a successful The South has not changed Commanders since Jeff Davis appointed Robert E. Horatio Seymour you down.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE thousand.

His business is tionary type to find and destroy Lee's army and his sledge hammer blows are winning this war! somewhere Winning division under and reconquers the Valley of Virginia Jubal Early invades Maryland and Pennsylvania. ] Well. J Because I can't spare him! He is the one General we have developed who knows how to fight his business is Clellan not to reach any particular spot where Mcstood. piled with the is Your mail the removal of this wounded. sir. Washis ington dead. the dying and the choked with letters demanding butcher as our Commander. I think you'll ! I STEVENS demand. and you refuse why? LINCOLN [Smiling calmly. Stevens let off steam. McClellan was generally standing he was a great engineer of the staGrant is a fighter. throws his shells into Washington and burns the home of one of your Cabinet is he? And STEVENS yet Lee sends a [65] .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE our men more than he himself commanded and Grant has only reached the point where McClellan stood in 1862. now that you've really feel better. He could have marched there by McClellan's old line without the loss of a man. an answer to my question not removed Grant? why have you LINCOLN [Quickly.

and you can't do Grant Your crowd demanded his removal after justice. and shells our Capitol a feat that not one of your generals has yet done for Richmond in four years and still you cling to Grant ! LINCOLN [Angrily. You're an Abolitionist. and therefore he may vote for McClellan against our party. I had to appoint General Halleck his superior. the battle of Shiloh and you made it so hot for me then. Grant got here in time didn't he? What have you if old Jubal Early had been a got to say to that? STEVENS That Lee's strategy has been superb. Grant whose is constructively a slaves I have not freed [66] . his moral victory complete! He holds Grant by the throat while he invades the North. I'm going to talk plain English to you. too but thank God. Stevens. and therefore at this moment. You can't forget that Grant is a Democrat. in this election! STEVENS I've heard that he is for McClelfen LINCOLN Exactly! And you can't forget that Southern woman whose dowry was slaveholder. his wife is a in Slaves. to save him for the country.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN And little earlier. ] Now. he would have burned Washington.

no skill. five millions can- not whip twenty millions the end is certain and we're now locked in the last death grapple before VICTORY It's ! STEVENS a waste of time to talk ! LINCOLN I've thought so from the polite-- first. They tell me thak Grant is merely a bulldog fighter that he can win only as long as thousands are poured into his ranks to take the place of the dead They tell me that he has no genius. but I've tried to be [67} .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE STEVENS I protest LINCOLN It's no use star of I know the process of your mind tell I can see the wheels go round inside! You me that the Grant has set in a welter of blood before Lee's army. Grant is the ablest general we have developed. We must fight to win. I know that miles of hospital barracks are the witnesses of our agony. no strategy. The South cannot replace her fallen soldiers and therefore her losses ! are fatal ! If we continue to fight. town and village is in mournFrom these stricken homes there has arisen a ing. storm of protest against the new leader of the army. I do not believe it. I know that every city. His losses are appalling Our but the struggle is on now to the bitter end resources are exhaustless. My reply to this is simple but unanswerable. The word butcher is bandied from lip to lip.

President? LINCOLN Raymond. sir! You and your stories are sending this country to hell it's not more than a mile from there now! LINCOLN I believe it is just a mile from here to the Capitol where you sit! STEVENS [Going in rage.'] Good day.} ! Good day. If I can save the Union in that's the only question that's the only question! my RAYMOND You will give us your answer to-day? [68] . I'm going to waive the insult and give your request my earnest thought. sir LINCOLN [Cordially. Stevens this [Pauses.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE STEVENS [Trying to go. this is the most brutal insult ever offered to a man position in the history of this country.'] [Throwing up I won't hear it.~\ Damnation ! [STEVENS goes muttering furiously. Mr.] You know Illinois meeting reminds once his me of what happened in STEVENS hands in anger."] RAYMOND You will consider our request.

] No. the conviction grows on As I've listened to you.'] The Committee must take definite action before to decide we leave we will give you ten days LINCOLN I understand. without a RAYMOND We [Brusquely.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN [Firmly. I must have time to think.] day. President.] cannot leave Washington without your answer. with NICOLAY watching them go in silence. Good day. RAYMOND The time is short LINCOLN It may be long enough yet. When the last man is gone. [LINCOLN stands erect. Mr. Mr. President. gentlemen! ALL Good [Bowing out.] [69] . he turns to NICOLAY. and I'm not going to fight. to save the Nation RAYMOND [Firmly. me that the life of the Union may be bound give up with mine now. LINCOLN You'll get it in due time.

will hurt her.] Oh! MRS.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN It's infamous. It NICOLAY Of course not. LINCOLN That is of no importance. LINCOLN [Tensely. Father what [He pauses and she did they say? presses him tremblingly.] Don't tell her the nasty things old Thad said to me.] They told me in plain English that I am the most unpopular man in the United States that my conduct of the war is a series of blunders. LINCOLN Oh ! [Relieved.] did they say? What did they say? What LINCOLN [With dreamy look. MRS. my administration a failure ! MRS. because [70] it's a lie . LINCOLN thought they had something important to tell you LINCOLN [Laughs.] What is it.] is that all ! LINCOLN What more I ? MRS. LINCOLN enters hurriedly. John ! Infamous ! [MRS.

if it - LINCOLN it. sir. LINCOLN exits. sir. they won't. I've something important to ask of you Betty Winter's in my room and wants to bring her lover here to see you alone for an hour tonight I'll - LINCOLN see Miss Betty Winter any time friend make it nine o'clock. LINCOLN Well. LINCOLN Say to General McClellan that I would come to him but for the fact that it would attract attention which I . they believe and millions of people believe MRS. LINCOLN [MRS. she is my good MRS. is General McClellan at home? ~\ NICOLAY I saw him to his LINCOLN Go house immediately and tell him him here at eight o'clock to-night. LINCOLN At nine don't forget now! I'll not to-day. John. to the country matter of the gravest importance he can't refuse.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE But. want to see Say that it's a both to him and I NICOLAY Yes.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE wish to avoid. I'll name for this I'll Committee a candidate they're not looking for give them the surprise of their life so help me God! NICOLAY I don't think the General will give that pledge. It will be the best for both that this meeting should not be known. Chief? LINCOLN [Pauses. Assure him that you will meet at the door and he will see no one but me him NICOLAY You can't take me into your confidence. If he will make me one pledge on the Copperhead issue which I will ask of him.'] CURTAIN ."] wonder if he will his arms. LINCOLN I I [Casing upward and folding wonder! I wonder if he will! [ NICOLAY exits. Ask him to come in a closed carriage. sir.] Partly I'm going to put McClellan to the supreme test. John.

LINCOLN [Sternly. fright. LINCOLN earth are What on you doing in here ? EDWARD [In terror of MRS. LINCOLN [Speaking suddenly. Madam.ACT II SET SCENE: The same as Act I at a quarter to eight the same evening. the old Doorman is straightening the : furniture in the room. He clumsily clears the Ho or of a litter of letters and places them in the corner with the unopened draperies of the bag. MRS. LINCOLN enters and watches him fix the draperies.'] These curtains haven't been drawn [73] in a year .] Madam! MRS. AT RISE EDWARD. MRS. He draws the heavy windows and adjusts them so that no ray of light can reach the outside.] Just er drawin' er the curtains. MRS.] Edward ! EDWARD [lumping in Yes. LINCOLN.

MRS. ] Well. LINCOLN In your place? EDWARD Yes'm MRS. LINCOLN [Sternly. so it seems. LINCOLN While you're up here acting as house maid? EDWARD [Embarrassed. LINCOLN You know they haven't! EDWARD [Gulping wind.'] Yes'm Who told you to MRS.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE EDWARD [Stammering. Madam MRS. LINCOLN draw them? EDWARD Colonel Nicolay! MRS. LINCOLN Where is he? EDWARD Down-stairs. ] I-don't-think-they-have-either MRS. on the door.'] What does this mean? [74] .

LINCOLN Mr. Madam MRS. dismissed ! EDWARD Madam.'] And you Not haven't the slightest idea I suppose? EDWARD the slightest.'} Quick ! [751 . LINCOLN [Sharply.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE EDWARD I do not know. My experience as that Doorman of the is White House has taught me obey the orders of my first duty to my Chief MRS.~\ Yes'm MRS. LINCOLN The guard has been Yes. Lincoln asked you to remain on duty here to-night? EDWARD [Bows'] Asked me as a particular personal favor to him. both of them inside and out. MRS. that I remain on duty until eight o'clock and dismiss all the other White House attendants MRS. LINCOLN Ask Colonel Nicolay to come here EDWARD [Hesitates. LINCOLN [Sarcastically.

Madam! [MRS. LINCOLN Do you know the subject for discussion at this meeting? [76] . LINCOLN At At eight o'clock nine o'clock Miss Betty Winter [NicoLAY enters hurriedly] NICOLAY What is it. Madam? MRS. LINCOLN quickly examines the ^President's desk.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE EDWARD [Jumps. LINCOLN Do you know who Yes is coming? NICOLAY MRS. NICOLAY I am forbidden to discuss it with any one. MRS. looking for a memorandum of his appointments she finds a pad and reads] MRS.] Right away. LINCOLN [Angrily] Indeed ! NICOLAY I am sorry. MRS. LINCOLN Who has this mysterious appointment with the President at eight o'clock the name is blank.

sir LINCOLN See that he goes before our visitor arrives."] Well. John NICOLAY At once sir And tell but LINCOLN Edward I'm much obliged he can go now NICOLAY to him for staying. to-night. LINCOLN But. you can't trust your wife. it seems LINCOLN [Whimsically. you know you're a woman.] at His wife in sur- LINCOLN Will you go back to the door. NICOLAY You can trust him implicitly. Mother MRS. I have asked him to say nothing about this appointment. sir [NICOLAY exits. Yes.'] MRS.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY I wish to God I did [LINCOLN enters and glances prise. LINCOLN [Angrily] Thank God [77] .

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Amen ! So say I ! MRS. Mother MRS.fatal-blunder you* LINCOLN I'll make no mistake this time Then why are you afraid of MRS. LINCOLN I didn't say it! [Laughs. this I thought morning that you would [78] treat those scoundrels with the contempt they deserve when they dared to . 1 But you know you do talk too much sometimes ! MRS.] And I'm going to say something to you now."] I'm not afraid of your intuition. LINCOLN You're afraid to tell me who this man is ? LINCOLN I may tell you to-morrow When MRS. LINCOLN ve-made-some. LINCOLN my woman's intuition- LINCOLN [Smiling. LINCOLN [Angrily. LINCOLN Thank you.

LINCOLN No No ! ! They're honest in what they say MRS. You need a guardian. LINCOLN [Furious.] The country needs you you are the man. LINCOLN The country needed them. Mother. LINCOLN Don't don't don't say such foolish things.'] You're too good and simple for this world! know that some schemer is behind all Don't you this ? LINCOLN Maybe not a crime.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE ask you to sacrifice yourself and the cause of the Union to the ambitions of some traitor behind them. MRS. and the only man who Union wards has the simple common all sense to save this first. for a man to aspire to high office. if the bee's in his bonnet. LINCOLN [With earnest dignity. And you didn't kick them out. You know I've felt it tickle me lots of times It's MRS. and settle other questions after- LINCOLN That may be so too [79] . You kept three men in your Cabinet who used their position to try to climb into the Presidency over your head.

LINCOLN But don't you see that it isn't really the man who can give the greater service who will win in such a treacherous fight? It's the liar and the hypocrite who may I have win.} And yet. My personal lifts his desire for a second term the biggest thing in my life. God knows [He pauses as his voice breaks he struggles a moan ment and hand as if to throw off obsession with a determined smile. LINCOLN no right in such an hour to think of my own is ambitions. he ought to be in my place MRS. LINCOLN my advice and send these men about ? their business LINCOLN Mary. my is to-day personal desire is a petty thing! the biggest thing in the world! My duty You won't take MRS. Father. that you're the stubbornest man the Lord ever made ! [80] . with myself MRS. and God I've got to fight this thing out alone. LINCOLN Tell me one thing is the man who has this appointment at eight the traitor whom Raymond's ? trying to put in your place Committee is LINCOLN No! Yet if there is anywhere a better man who can render the country a greater service than I can.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE MRS. LINCOLN I sometimes think.

of course. realize. NICOLAY McClellan may lose his LINCOLN I'll watch out Societies [Looking over his desk] That report of Baker's on the Copperhead NICOLAY [Pointing] Under Oh. Chief. that paper weight. coast is clear ? NICOLAY Edward has gone [He pauses. the importance of a cool head in dealing with McClellan LINCOLN I won't lose my temper. LINCOLN The Yes. sir LINCOLN yes.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN I've got to be to do this job exits. I see [81] .] [MRS. sir.] his arms locked be- NICOLAY The carriage is approaching.] You. LINCOLN [LINCOLN paces the floor with hind him in tense thought."] [NicoLAY enters. John.

General McClellan. NICOLAY Yes.'] exits and LINCOLN returns to his desk and [NICOLAY enters with GENERAL MCCLELLAN. o'clock. and lays it back on I'm ready bring him I'll let in. fhat we forget for the moment that I am the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy and we have a little heart to heart talk in a perfectly informal way McCLELLAN [Stiffening. at nine goes. glances at his desk. Mr. and gives one the impression of a born leader of men.] it. he is a man of commanding appearance. The President answers his salute. See that I'll we are not inter- rupted. General is The thirty-eight years old. and to-night.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE [Picks up report. in striking contrast to the President. He enters with quick military precision and salutes with studied formality the President as his superior officer. as NICOLAY exits. at once. [NICOLAY writes. President. when he not need you any more in the young people myself.] May I enquire. flashing with gold. sir. to what I owe this extraordinary summons? [82] . dressed in a uniform of immaculate cut.] LINCOLN I suggest. While his figure is short and stocky.

Is to whip the new army into a mighty fighting. and that you were opposed to me on every issue before the people. and hurl it against the Confederacy? I said to them: "I don't care what McClellan the man his religion is. [Angrily. appointed you to the chief command of I yo"u were but thirty-four years old.] What right have yow to send for me or ask anything.'] Just a I moment I have not treated you with injustice have treated you with more than justice. after the foul injustice with which you have treated me as Commanding General LINCOLN [Interrupting. I I asked but one question: refused to listen. I prefer to stand. General ? McCLELLAN Thank you. did leaders. When it I our Army.] Will you be seated.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN [Cordially. machine. told against the bitterest opposition of They me you were my party a pro-Slavery Democrat a political meddler. I have treated you with the generous faith and love of a father for a wayward boy McCLELLAN Really! LINCOLN I have. The question . or his politics [83] may be.

'] he led them to battle of overwhelming disaster Manassas [84] at the second . My future and the future of my And party can take care of themselves" and I ap- pointed you. because it was necessary to foreYour army of 180. had gone into winter quarters around a glittering camp over which a young Napoleon about you daily advised that you presided. ? not deny this McCLELLAN No. McCLELLAN And [Sneeringly. I refused to dismiss you against the fierce protest of my Cabinet. I left you in command of half our men and appointed General Pope to lead the other half. The fact is well known. When you failed and retreated. Fools proclaim the end You do of the Republic and establish yourself as Dictator. was at that time my attorney. not whether shall I shall save the Union but that the Union be saved.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE is.000 men stall a great tragedy. I took the bull by the horns and ordered your grand army to move on Richmond. and he knew LINCOLN Exactly. McCLELLAN forced me to march against Richmond before I was ready I ! LINCOLN ordered you to move. Stanton. Besides. your Secretary of War.

Pope was broken by a deliberate design.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN [Quickly.'] For which disaster. Come now. that I have never allowed a personal motive to enter into a single appointment or removal which I have day.000 men left. You didn't move. and he had but 23. reorganized army to our first victory at Antietam. before I you removed me from could win my campaign. I reappointed you to the chief command of the whole army defied public opinion. that was little short of treason. You were ordered to join Pope. I did the most unpopular act of my life. Stuart with his cavalry once more insulted you by riding around your army. after you had cut Lee's army to pieces. and faced a storm of abuse in my party councils. sir. you must share the blame. made I ? McCLELLAN cannot believe it [85] . my com- LINCOLN I removed you from your command because. But instead of agreeing to the demand for your trial by court martial. and you had 75. McCLELLAN And when mand I led that superb. can't we leave to posterity to settle the merits of our controversy over the command of armies? Can't you believe me to- when I tell you with God as my witness.000 three to one you lay down on your arms and allowed Lee to escape across the river without a blow while Jeb.

it and you know that you LINCOLN not pretend that Well. and I called power over your men. or destroy one. this McCLELLAN [With a smile. you thought that my messenger was an officer with a warrant for your arrest! You still say McCLELLAN I still say no you had to do had to reappoint me. sounded the officers. They were against me and with you. I sounded the men. ousness of that hour.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN In spite of the fact that when I reappointed you to the chief command of the army after the disaster to Pope. General McIt is a dangerous Clellan.You had was If you had won I and your success would have been vindicated. Very kind ! ~\ LINCOLN . they might have won and set up a Dictatorship to a I ! man! McCLELLAN Just so! LINCOLN This power over men which you possess. It can be used to create a Nation. is a marvelous thing. to win or lose at Antietam. If the leaders had dared risk their necks on a revolution. I you were the ablest General in you back to your high position. [86] . Because you held honestly believed sight. I'll I didn't understand the seri- The Army was behind you. force.

if you will agree to take my place and save the Union ? National Committee. I've given you my side. to propose.'] I repeat that your act was one of foul injustice ! LINCOLN [Cordially. Chairman of our my resignation as a Candidate for the Presidency for a second term and I will give it to him to-night."] ? What-can-you-mean [87] . to the I am going man whom have wronged. Granted for the sake of argument that I have treated you unfairly. I'm going to put you to a supreme I test. you lost the power over the imagination of your men. McCLELLAN [Overwhelmed with excitement. and I removed you from command McCLELLAN [Angrily.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE But when Lee's army escaped. the threat mine! of a Dictatorship had passed civil the supremacy of the government was restored. I have just written out on ~\ paper [Takes up the sheet. on a certain condition."] All right then. and addressed to Henry Raymond. an amazing thing McCLELLAN Hence the secrecy with which I am summoned this sheet of ! LINCOLN Yes.

] was never more so. take the stump for you and guarantee your election. and boldly put yourself at the head of that wing of your party which stands for the preservasimple. secure your endorsement.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Exactly what I've said.] It is needless for me to say that I came into this office with high ambitions to serve my country. to preside tion of the Union McCLELLAN And you I will ? LINCOLN the race. withdraw from You I [Studies LINCOLN a ? are in earnest McCLELLAN moment with LINCOLN suspicion. McCLELLAN And there is no string of honor to this offer? LINCOLN On my word [Dreamily.] ? your conditions LINCOLN Very to-morrow night at a Agree Democratic Union Mass Meeting in New great York. or prevent my party from naming a successor. My dream [88] . McCLELLAN And [Paces the floor trembling.

] This report shows that they propose to end the war on the night of the election by a revolutionary uprising which will result in the recognition of the Confederacy. may I ask ? LINCOLN [Evenly. breathes deeply. East and West. and goes on wist- emotions. I am now being urged to arrest their [He pauses and watches MCCLELLAN [89] closely. leaders. and you agree to take my place upon the solemn pledge to save the Union without division.] showing that the Copperhead Societies are of your party and are thoroughly organized in every state of the North that they demand an immediate peace and will accept a division of the Union McCLELLAN [Interrup ting. and show all the people. North. have on my desk here a report from our Secret Service [Pauses and picks up the report. that I love them. to heal my country's wounds. fully. because I I've made up my mind to this. ] What has this to do with me..'] . But I can't risk the chances of this election if you and I can come to a perfect understanding. South.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE [He pauses.'] I did want a chance to stay here for another term to the see sun shine again. and struggles with his recovers himself.

'} Stop ! [90] . The the question is. cieties sir even about Copperhead So- LINCOLN I have the proofs in this document [Touches BAKER'S report. opposition. they Union candidate wins tke If he loses. If the rise. ] Indeed I ? LINCOLN have heard the ugly rumor that they are counting on you McCLELLAN [Advancing. Now the Democratic Convention meets in Chicago next week you have no Your nomination will be unanimous. Let sleepings dogs He.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE I shall answer no. and it makes no difference what they McCLELLAN A sensible decision LINCOLN I'm glad you agree with it. that they may get complete control of your My Convention McCLELLAN [Angrily. One revo- lution at a time. election. it's all won't dare to over anyhow do. what will they do on the issue of war? are now mond leaders of the Copperhead Societies in touch with the rebel government in Rich- The McCLELLAN That's a large statement.] fear is.

'} Then. glad to see you meet the ugly subject in this way! I have never believed you a traitor to the Union. That's why I sent for you to-night. Will you denounce these men publicly at a Union Mass Meeting.'} I am sure of this election without your help. and let me resign and take the stump for you ? McCLELLAN [Hesitates. LINCOLN Have I done so ? McCLELLAN You are insinuating it ! LINCOLN Am I I? McCLELLAN demand a retraction! LINCOLN [Smiling. ] Well ? McCLELLAN No man sir can couple the word Treason with ! my name. I am I apologize for my careless expressions. sir! LINCOLN You can't be McCLELLAN A straw vote was taken yesterday in the Carver Hospital. The wounded soldiers gave me three votes to .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN [Going to meet MCCLELLAN and holding his gaze firmly.

I me allow you to dictate the policy of my administra- tion! LINCOLN [Evenly and pressingly. Yet. and is daily gaining ground that unless he retires. Fremont has split your organization. and looking up. his deep eyes staring into space.'} sir. but in fr own way you without suggestion or assistance my om LINCOLN Then. blowing.] [Pausing. [With firm conviction. you ask your one. LINCOLN Will you preside over this Union Meeting? McCLELLAN [Firmly.~\ I thought you'd gone ? [92] . you can't be elected! Your party is in a hopeless panic and my election is conceded.~\ Will you denounce these conspirators party ? within your McCLELLAN No ! When I'll let I need your advice on any public utter- ance. you are committed by your pledges to the but I suspected it possible division of this Union I had hoped for the best good night! [The General bows stiffly and leaves the President ! standing in sorrowful silence. you know.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE Straws show which way the wind is know that your party is divided that John C.'} Never! I'll do my best to save my country. seeing nothing as NICOLAY enters.

He is LINCOLN bound hand and foot to the Copperhead leaders who will control his convention NlCOLAY I thought so LINCOLN John. LINCOLN Yes there is NlCOLAY What? LINCOLN Bear witness with me to this. Chief but you can't be beaten Unless you should ! give up ! LINCOLN Well! I won't give up! NlCOLAY McClellan refused the pledge you asked? Yes. if I could win one man out of the inner councils of the Copperhead orders one man who really loves his country [93] .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY I hope there may be something sir ? else I can do for you.~\ my But I can't give up there's too much at stake ! NlCOLAY Corruption. intrigue and malice are doing their work. the blackest hour of I have touched the depths of despair life [Springs to his feet.

'} ? NlCOLAY Miss Winter [Pauses.'} The very man may be on the way here at this moment ! LINCOLN [Eagerly.} .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY Can a Copperhead love his country ? LINCOLN Why not ? A rattlesnake might love his own fence There are plenty of honest misguided men among them.} is due here with her lover a young Cap- tain of Grant's Army LINCOLN Well ? NlCOLAY [Slowly. I've worked out A PLAN THAT CAN WIN THIS FIGHT! NlCOLAY [Suddenly. I have been studying Baker's report corner! this afternoon If I could just get hold of one Copperhead who knows the signs and passwords of their inner council.'] What's that [Thinking.} In view of the attempts to take your life inquiries I made some White House to-day about him I knew the would be without guards to-night [94] [Pauses.

Their infernal agents haunt our hospitals and pour their poison into every open wound NICOLAY Prove to this boy to-night that these men are [951 liars .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Yes yes go on ! What about him? NICOLAY He was on McClellan's staff at one time > LINCOLN That's promising ! NICOLAY He's a McClellan man then LINCOLN Beyond a doubt NICOLAY In the hospital the past two months he has heard a of bitter talk lot LINCOLN [Quickly. daily."] And may have Circle ! joined The Knights of the Golden NICOLAY It's almost a certainty LINCOLN Of course.

Chief. [LINCOLN exits. gain his Mrs.'] I'm going to try in. I'll ! You wait and show them talk with McClellan."" NICOLAY Oh. report to Mother it. You can win him. my I'll She'll be uneasy about be back in a minute NlCOLAY All right."] [NICOLAY watches him go with deep sympathy. .'] Don't you worry [Pauses. He is engaged to a girl who is I couldn't find out. if you only try ! LINCOLN [With excited emphasis. Miss Winter BETTY Captain Vaughan. shaking his head as BETTY and VAUGHAN enter. sir. Lincoln's intimate friend a girl who admires and trusts you.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN If he'll listen NlCOLAY He's got to favor listen! He comes LINCOLN to ask of you a great I wonder what? NlCOLAY But you can use the opportunity to confidence. Colonel Nicolay [96] .

] made a speech against the war in our souri and printed it in a pamphlet town in Mis- BETTY Oh for making and circulating seditious writing [971 . dear VAUGHAN Nothing nothing BETTY 1 didn't realize you're so But your arm is trembling weak I keep forgetting that you're just out of the hospital VAUGHAN Oh I'm all right BETTY I'm afraid of the strain of [Pauses.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY [Studying VAUGHAN.] What's the matter. Captain the President will be back in a moment. He has just stepped in to speak to Mrs. Colonel ? [NicoLAY exits.] Pleased to meet you. He is expecting you make yourselves at home BETTY Thank you. dear imprisoned ? for what was your father VAUGHAN He [Deliberately. ] this interview ! You've never told me. Lincoln.

yes in reality for exercising the right of free speech on a policy of the government BETTY It may I've be very serious ! [Pauses.] an idea Let me stay and help you VAUGHAN But I may have something to say that a girl's ears should not hear BETTY Please don't say politics.] He Yes does wield a terrible power.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN Technically. doesn't he? BETTY with the tenderness and love of a father[98] . it! You differ with the President in You must say nothing to offend him I'll not ! I think I love VAUGHAN my country BETTY as well as I love my Let father me stay ! VAUGHAN You mustn't I don't need a chaperone BETTY But you may need a friend VAUGHAN [Bitterly.

] [99] is heard outside .'] luck. and listens a moment. see Mrs.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN [Lightly.] [The sound of LINCOLN'S voice talking to Ms.] ! And every page thumbed [He continues to turn the leaves of the Bible. run along now. no BETTY It means so much [She to me now ! nestles in his arms and VAUGHAN kisses her. and walks His eye rests on the to the President's desk. LINCOLN. I'm sure you'll win [VAUGHAN walks to the door leading to the Lincoln Apartments.'] All right. Lincoln and get the President to come BETTY Can't I stay and help you ? VAUGHAN No. He gazes at the LINCOLN always thumbed pages VAUGHAN The Bible My God ! {Turns its leaves.'] I'll know how to plead VAUGHAN my cause BETTY All right good [BETTY exits.'] the Bible which his desk. dear. worn copy of kept on in amazement.

as if he had just entered. [Outside. lifts his haggard eyes in a dazed way and looks about the room. Anxiety sees and suffering again mark his rugged face. Go back now. it'll be stay here If we don't stay all right. I'd taken a second look at tried to get my money's worth MRS. He VAUGHAN. We can still the old sign swings on the door in Springfield Billy Herndon's waiting for me and the law business will be better than ever.'] talking to wife who follows Don't worry. Mother! Who cares for a ! few old dresses more or cost that less in these times But ! if I'd known they them and much."] and talk to Miss Betty ! [VAUGHAN quickly places the Bible back on his desk and takes his stand near the door to the hall."] I'm glad to see you. him. still LINCOLN his enters -from the other door. and at once throws off the spell his troubles. my boy [100] Will you pull up a chair? into [LINCOLN drops zvearily his chair and his . and all don't worry! It's my business to do the worrying [LINCOLN closes the door after she goes. LINCOLN You're sure it won't influence your decision? LINCOLN Not a bit! If we skimp a little.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Go back. and comes down toward the desk. advances to meet him and takes of his hand.

takes LINCOLN VAUGHAN'S hands in both his.] There's nothing I won't do for one of our boys if I can wounded Thank you- What is it? . and presses it. ] Vaughan army? Richard Vaughan I've heard that name But you're one of our boys fighting with Grant's VAUGHAN Yes LINCOLN [Looking him over.'] You've been very ill. Missouri LINCOLN [ Thoughfully. Richard Vaughan of Palmyra. I see wounded of course? VAUGHAN Yes [Rises.] And what can I do for you? VAUGHAN My name is Vaughan the elder son of Dr.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE voice has a far-away dreamy expression in its tones while he studies VAUGHAN carefully.

trembling with excitement.'] mother writes me that my father has been arrested without warrant. and denied the right of trial [He pauses.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN My [With cold precision.'] For what was he arrested? VAUGHAN For exercising the right of free speech. he denounced the war Oh! And his address LINCOLN was printed? the little [LINCOLN picks up at the title booklet and looks again at page and then VAUGHAN.] VAUGHAN He had as much right to print as [102] to speak it . In a public address.] LINCOLN Go on I have my come boy VAUGHAN to ask for justice LINCOLN He shall have it VAUGHAN I ask that he be confronted by his accusers in open court fair trial and given a LINCOLN [Interrupting. is held in prison without bail.

Of course.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN No. he hadn't [Pauses and looks at VAUGHAN. I refuse to know them unless I must. hurt me so. found its way into the ranks and caused a number of soldiers to desert VAUGHAN Who I says this? LINCOLN happen [LINCOLN pauses and shakes his head sorrowit! to know fully. Richard Vaughan and I ask for him a fair I ask for justice trial confronted by his accusers will ? you grant him this trial [LINCOLN lays the pamphlet down on his desk and rises. I didn't know of this particular case. Such things see. is arms behind VAUGHAN'S volver and VAUGHAN slowly draws his re- about to lift to fire. his back and paces the unconscious of the glitter of murder in eyes.] [With sharp emphasis.'] That little pamphlet. ] LINCOLN [Shakes his I cannot ! head. when LINCOLN suddenly turns and speaks. [103] . your house is divided against itself the symbol of our unhappy country.'} I cannot do it! [He folds his floor.] You my boy. sir.] say your father's name is Richard Vaughan- You Yes VAUGHAN Dr.

to fight the South for trying to secede. I hope the numtell me that exaggerated still it may be so VAUGHAN [Angrily.] It's true I've learned it since my father's arrest! LINCOLN [Tenderly.] But. my son. come now. put yourself in my place I'm here to save the Union for which you are fighting ! armed two for which you have poured out your blood. They were about to pass ordinances of Secession and establish a Northwestern Confederacy! Shall I fight Secession in the South and merely argue with it here? I to suspend the civil law. I've million men and we are spending four millions a day.] . opponents. taking advantage of our sor- My row. I am using it sorrowfully but firmly and I am backed by the prayers of the mothers whose sons are dying for our cause and [104] his head sadly.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE They five without warrant and hold in ber is Seward and Stanton have arrested jail more than thirtythousand men at this moment. arrest these compelled and hold them without bail or trial was men VAUGHAN You are using the naked power of an emperor then? LINCOLN I [Shaking have been entrusted with that power for a brief term by the people. harangue the people and elect hostile legislatures in the Northern states.

] But we are itself ! fighting a I war for the life of the Constitution did not begin it.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE the silent millions out there. preserve the Constitution of the Eepublic I must in this crisis strain some of its provisions VAUGHAN [In hard tones. that all the suffering of this shoulders. Once begun it must be to the end and the Nation saved. my war [105] . and puts his hands on VAUGHAN'S son. must fought now that among freemen there can be no prove We To successful appeal from the ballot to the bayonet. whom I can't at this moment see but whom I love and trust.] The Constitution of the Republic guarantees to every freeman the right to trial in open court.'] Don't think. VAUGHAN [With angry tears. confronted by his accusers LINCOLN [Passionately.'} And you trial ? will not interfere to give these accused men a I dare not interfere for the ! LINCOLN The civil law must be suspended as the law of life is moment suspended while the surgeon cuts a cancer out of bleeding I cannot shoot one soldier for desertion if flesh! I allow the man to go free who causes him to de- sert [He pauses.

of ! could not have prevented this war. mighty Union of free democratic states without a slave the hope. if we can only save it Out of this agony will be born a united people. nor could Jefare in the grip of mighty forces ferson Davis. We sweeping in from the again. for the people.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE is not mine! Every heart. Our fathers had only dreamed a Union they never lived to see it. my boy. It's a question of the life of freemen yet unborn. I sisters of the South go years. Their destiny is in your hands and mine.'} a beacon light [106] . I found a panic-stricken North. The tears of blue and the gray responsible far this from those guns finds my widows and orphans all. We are fighting the battle of the ages [He pauses ! But our country's worth it. that "Therefore let our erring Secession was inevitable !" was his daily cry.e mine! war! When I came here from shell the West. It's not the question merely of four million black slaves. strangling with the poison of Secession. There has never been a democracy in this world because there's never been one without the shadow of a slave. We must build a real Government of the people.'] centuries. by the people. The North had threatened Secession for thirty Horace Greeley in his great paper on the day my inauguration was telling the millions who hung on his word as the oracle from Heaven. A refuge and inspiration of the world on the shores of time! [Pauses. I hear the tread of these coming millions. the For we are equally ar.

] I who came enemies call me a tyrant and usurper up here from a pioneer's cabin in the wilderness. who was sentenced to be shot for desertion to-morrow at sunrise [107] . [He pauses. that can have no ray of light. and that is that this blood we are now pouring out shall have flowed in vam. LINCOLN That pamphlet was taken by his sister from the pocket of a poor ignorant boy.'] How well I remember when said my mother looked it at them and here it's "This is nothing doesn't count believe it's what you feel it's what you " what you see that counts [Struggles with his emotions. and lifts his figure as if to throw off another nightmare and slips his arm around VAUGHAN. that the old curse shall remain.] Read the title page.A MAN OF THE.'} Now let I'm going to show you something. and I'll you be the judge as to whether I'm a tyrant the [He takes up VAUGHAN. FIGHT?" By Dr. breathes deeply. and these brave the shall die for naught. My Union be broken into hostile sections and these must be fought again. out of rags and poverty battles ! [Pauses.] "WHY SHOULD BROTHERS Richard Vaughan. my son. booklet and hands it to VAUGHAN [Reading in amazement. PEOPLE men There's but one tragedy.

and then him and only hold him all the others go [Pauses.'] I know you could order his execution LINCOLN I said to-day that I'd hang such a man on a gallows forty cubits high but now that I see you trembling [He pauses. If to [108] . You have only to obey your superior officer.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN No! I No! LINCOLN this pardoned him morning relief.] sinking to ! Oh.] I shall not order his execution. what's the matter. ] Tyrant and usurper they call me ! And I'm the humblest man who walks the earth to-night! VAUGHAN [Slowly his a seat and covering his face with hands in a cry of despair.. my boy man to despair. until the I shall let war is over. my God [Bending in sorrowful LINCOLN amazement and touching VAUGHAN'S head. You're just a Captain in the army. and has forfeited his life for that boy's act VAUGHAN [Trembling.'] [VAUGHAN Your sighs his father wrote and printed that poison.] ? I'm the only Why.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE be the head of hell is as hard as it what I've had to undergo Satan himself. you [Breaks down. for the they are. I received the letter telling me of my father's im- prisonment. dition here. I pity who suffers more than him ! VAUGHAN [Springing to his feet and throwing his hands up in anguish.'] a strange thing this life of ours ! [Pauses. and first I time you made me see things as got a glimpse of the inside [109] .'] You don't understand ! You don't understand ! LINCOLN Understand what ? VAUGHAN When [Impetuously. I could find And if my heart to pity there's a man outside of perin I do.~\ my God ! LINCOLN To kill me ! ! You are the second I He'll get their rest me the next time man to try it. I must have gone refused to-night to give him a kill mad trial for when you I started to Oh. who envy the dead What [Laughs.] Why didn't you do it ? VAUGHAN Because.] I lay in the hospital suffering from my wounds.

as if I ear and is make them know time! you know only get their All I need ! little And I'm going to fight for it now I've told [With quick uplift of spirit.] me a chance to prove it[LINCOLN studies VAUGHAN thoughtfully.] LINCOLN You doubtless said many bitter things in Washington ? VAUGHAN Many of them LINCOLN Then.] Then.] you the truth and the truth has turned a mur- derer into know Look my friend! If only the people can can have time to think. I'll win I'll win here I've won you now ? VAUGHAN ! Just give [Eagerly.] If I've won a you. I can win others. you were approached by the leaders of a Copperhead Secret Order called The Knights of the Golden were you not? Circle [no] .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN [Eagerly. I won didn't I ? VAUGHAN Yes and I can never forgive myself the thought of ! harming you LINCOLN [Ignoring his grief.

'] Of their inner council? VAUGHAN LINCOLN You know all their signs and passwords ? Every one - VAUGHAN LINCOLN [With sudden deep excitement.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN Yes I ! LINCOLN thought so [Cautiously.'] Young man. you may have thought you came here tonight with murder in your heart but Almighty God sent you for a different purpose - ! VAUGHN N What do you mean? LINCOLN You'll stand by me now. through thick and thin? [in] ."] I joined. and I'm one of their officers LINCOLN [Carefully.'] You joined the Order ? VAUGHAN [Hesitates.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN [Passionately. recognize the Confederacy.] This document from Baker's Office contains the original order of their Chief for an uprising on the night of the election VAUGHAN Uprising for what ? LINCOLN To overturn the Government. and divide the Union VAUGHAN Is it possible ! [112] .] I'd count it an honor to die for you ! LINCOLN Well. I'm going to ask you to do something harder than that for a man of sensitive honor. These Copper- head traitors took advantage of your illness grief over your father to inveigle of high treason you into a and scheme VAUGHAN What You ! LINCOLN believed their purpose to be patriotic didn't you ? VAUGHAN Of course LINCOLN [Seising BAKER'S Report.

and your own tragic mistake. of our hospital Colonel Jacquess. Gilmore . a Methodist clergyservice. by placing wrongs yourself with the signs and passwords of that Society at my disposal. Now I've sent two men Davis. They say he will compromise. on almost same day. I want you to atone for his I have pardoned him.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE You know after LINCOLN what has passed between us to-night that I speak the truth VAUGHAN Yes ! You came trial for your father and find him in reality justly condemned to death. the down there man. and John R. He holds that position. and a word from Jefferson Davis that there can be no peace save in division! I know We were both born in Kentucky. I need two things to carry this election and save the Union a single victory in the field to lift our people out ! You are the whom I of the dumps. But the peace party of the North refuse to believe it. You have been basely deceived and betrayed will you do it? in here to LINCOLN demand a VAUGHAN If my country chance to atone calls yes ! and I'll thank God for the LINCOLN Good one man on earth to-night need and didn't think I could get! I'm going to send you on a dangerous mission.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE of the Tribune. Davis' Secretary of is preventing my interview with the Confederate President. They go as citizens of the North.'] I want another man will in Richmond. words. seven days ago. I haven't been able to hear from them.] who that he ties is in close touch with the if his Copperhead Socie- of the North directing them. Benjamin is the ablest and by far the most dangerous man in the South to-day. Judah P. It You keen mind is not actually have their signs and pass! If you carry seems too good to be true to Benjamin a special report of this planned uprising. who desire peace. private They are to draw Davis out. VAUGHAN And you wish me them ? to find out what has happened to LINCOLN [Eagerly. The silence is ominous. Benjamin. I know from this document on my desk [Touches BAKER'S Report. and persuade him If you can only get to let my men see Davis. they are spies for they have no credentials. old Greeley's paper. They passed through our lines but twenty miles from Richmond. through the lines and reach him before being ar- rested ! [114] . They may be imprisoned or ex- ecuted. you can gain his confidence. Technically. and get his declaration for me. quick a whose identity be unknown man who can win the con- fidence of State.

sir [US] . if you wish LINCOLN If you can get for Jacquess and Gilmore a hearing and they are allowed to return and tell their story. LINCOLN Fine Before you go.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN I've a brother in General Lee's I've often army sir for whom been mistaken before the war LINCOLN That's great ! VAUGHAN He is an officer too a First Lieutenant. Davis' answer. confer with Baker. and it will be doubly effective you understand ? VAUGHAN Perfectly. report this fact and Mr. Your acI perfect. He will probably put you in Confederate uniform and make out in your ! brother's name a rebel leave of absence to use in an emergency. all right your work in Richmond is done. cent is You are a Southern man. Your chances of success great. want you to leave within an hour [He writes on two cards.'] VAUGHAN In five minutes. But if they are imprisoned or executed. He will give you the names of our agents in Richmond and decide on your disguise.

LINCOLN Your next will be to get a special message through from inside the Confederacy to General Sherman. Find out from inside. that in the War Office. and the number of regiments holding it. who is laying siege to Atlanta. mond to Atlanta. but This is I it could would have to be filed General Grant. sir LINCOLN I'm sending you on this urgent and danFor business.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE That's your first job. the position of this second line. Keep your eyes open every foot of the way. [Takes up telegram. to talk. received this morning. says that he has as yet been unable to locate and count up Hood's second line of defense which he must fight Take the train from Richin a flank movement. As an and might offend you understand VAUGHAN Clearly. Break through to Sherman. sir but I believe I can do it LINCOLN That's the When you reach way my boy General Sherman. and report to him VAUGHAN A tough job. ! the big thing I'm sending you to do. telegraph my order direct to Sherman. Make no mistake about it.] This message from him. you will deliver to him a verbal message I'll give you a sign that will identify you. officer. Tell General Sherman for me. that gerous this reason [116] .

Ask him to arrange to send you by boat to Aquia. and save I send by you the order for him to the Union If he wins. This card to Baker's Office Return here for your what papers. sir LINCOLN My boy I trust you implicitly! My mother's God has been talking to me since you entered this room! You've lifted my spirit to the heights! [VAUGHAN exits.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE he can take Atlanta at once. I'll publish my order and take the blame on myYou think you can do this self.] CURTAIN . carry the election. Virginia. sir LINCOLN [Writing on the back of his card.] I'll do it or I'll die trying. ? if ! VAUGHAN [Quietly.'] All right. and say good-by to your sweetheart VAUGHAN At once. the credit shall all be his! If he strikes and loses. the blow will lift our people from despair. take this card to Stanton's Office and tell him I've told you. by horse from there. the order will remain a secret strike.

[BENJAMINI enters. is on the right. and mantel center. Benjamin it's THE DOORMAN I am expecting him quarter of at ten o'clock now a BENJAMIN I've asked a young man has he come ? to wait in your room for me- THE DOORMAN He's there now sir BENJAMIN You've talked with him freely [118] ? . AT RISE: A DOORMAN in Confederate uniform arranges the chairs about a long table as if for a Cabinet Meeting. two days later. Two small tables on right in the Confederate long table A left.ACT III SCENE SET SCENE: Jefferson Davis' i room Capitol at Richmond. Davis has not yet arrived ? Not yet.'} BENJAMIN Mr. Doors and left. Mr.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE
THE DOORMAN
[Laughs.']

Oh,

yes,

sir

we've been swappin' yarns for half an

hour
I

thought so

that's

BENJAMIN why I asked him

to wait in your

room

THE DOORMAN
Well,
I

always try to be sociable

!

BENJAMIN
I

know

!

Did you get much out of him?

Why, how

THE DOORMAN how do ye mean?
BENJAMIN

Find out anything about his people where he came from, where he's going to what he's doing in Rich-

mond?

THE DOORMAN
Oh, no,
o'

sir

!

He's

full

of fun

he kept

me

laughin'

most

the time

BENJAMIN
I see
!

[Laughs. 1

He knows

his business.

Show him

in.

THE DOORMAN
Yes,
sir-

[BENJAMIN
at left

and examines

seats himself at one of the small tables his schedule for the day's

work.

THE DOORMAN

opens the door and shows

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE
VAUGHAN
BENJAMIN
in,

dressed in Confederate uniform.

rises

and greets him

cordially.}

BENJAMIN
Good morning, young man
[Gives

VAUGHAN
Circle.']

the Sign of the Knights of the

Golden

VAUGHAN
[Returns Sign.] Good morning, Mr. Benjamin
well?
I

hope you've rested

BENJAMIN
Not
the truth is I've been wrestling night with the problem of Jacquess and Gilmore. I've confirmed your view that they have given their
so well as usual
all

real

names. Gilmore is a reporter of the New York Tribune and Colonel Jacquess is a Methodist clergywell

man

known
his

in

the hospital

service,

in

fact

famous
prisoners

for

kindly

treatment

of

Southern

VAUGHAN
Just as I told you

BENJAMIN
I've allowed the

Commissioner of Exchange who has

been holding them in custody to bring them here
this

morning

VAUGHAN
Good!
Last night, I
to let

BENJAMIN made up my mind to
see

take your advice and

them

Mr. Davis
[120]

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE
VAUGHAN
I'm glad

BENJAMIN
This morning I'm puzzling over
it
!

VAUGHAN
[Showing
his disappointment.]

Why

?

BENJAMIN
I agree with

you that we could use the interview for our own purposes. But the trouble is, Mr. Davis is
soft-hearted sometimes.

He may
men

refuse to take

my

advice.

He may

let

these

go.

VAUGHAN
You
surely can depend on his allowing you to hold them in Libby Prison until after the election?

BENJAMIN
I'm not sure of it. If he takes a notion to he's as stubborn as a mule.
let

them go

VAUCTHAN
All right

be present at the interview and take If Mr. Davis makes an important declaranotes. tion about peace and lets them go, I'll beat them to the North and give your version of the interview Let
first
!

me

BENJAMIN
[Hesitating.]
I

might do that

yes

!

[121]

the command is now on record. discussed it and may have decided to but are the actual preparations under way? VAUGHAN In every Lodge of the Knights of the Golden Circle.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN I could not only head off any injury from their report. I uprising on the night of the election. I've been a reporter in Washing- ton BENJAMIN Then it would be easy. Our forces are being [122] . but I could give it a twist that would make it a boomerang on Lincoln [BENJAMIN hesitates while VAUGHAN watches him breathlessly. BENJAMIN You are sure the order for the revolt against the Lincoln Government has been issued? VAUGHAN Absolutely sure. VAUGHAN No matter what can make a report that will harden the purpose of our Societies to swing the is said.'] BENJAMIN You [Thinking. BENJAMIN I know they have do it.] could act as my special secretary for the meeting and take shorthand notes or pretend to- VAUGHAN I take shorthand.

sir and the responsi- bility is not to my liking.'] OULD Our visitors are outside. in [123] . and then use them for our purpose [THE DOORMAN enters. they are to be held under the strictest guard and on no conditions allowed a liberty except by my order. Judge Ould.'] THE DOORMAN Judge Ould. or the order of the President.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE drilled.} excite- All right. young man great news! [BENJAMIN' and VAUGHAN watches him.'] It's great news you've brought hesitates it ! us. we'll risk [VAUGHAN shows ment. Benjamin.'] his secret joy and deep These men are Lincoln's spies beyond a doubt but we'll dig oyt of them all the information possible. I have read the original order with the signature of the Commander BENJAMIN [Elated. BENJAMIN While Richmond. BENJAMIN You understand. the Commissioner of Exchange [OuLD enters. that these men are prisoners of war in your charge as Exchange Commissioner ? OULD I am painfully aware of that fact. Mr.

does not shake hands but bows politely. gentlemen pray be seated.] He BENJAMIN I am delighted to see you. Mr. JACQUESS No. Davis for ending the war? [124] . while BENJAMIN advances with marked cordiality to greet his visitors.] OULD Colonel James F. can. We JACQUESS have come simply as private citizens to know what terms will be acceptable to Mr. [VAUGHAN takes his seat at the small table near BENJAMIN who gives him a note book and he OULD reenters conductprepares to take notes. John E. we bring no overtures GILMORE We have no authority from our Government. sir.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE OULD I can trust them here with you. ing JACQUESS and GILMORE.'] VAUGHAN You bring overtures from your Government I trust. Gilmore. for half an hour? You BENJAMIN Show them in. Jacquess and Mr. Secretary of State [OuLD bows and exits. [The two men sit and GILMORE shoots at VAUGHAN a look of startled recognition which fails to return. I hope.

this war may BENJAMIN On my advice. Davis to discover some way by which be stopped. Mr. however? JACQUESS of us is fully BENJAMIN supposed so. gentlemen. hoping in a frank talk with Mr. Mr. JACQUESS We came. course.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE BENJAMIN You One I are acquainted with Mr. not as diplomats. May I ask. simply as men and Christians. but not by his request. Davis will see you JAQUESS AND GILMORE Thank you BENJAMIN I think he is here now GILMORE [BENJAMIN exits.'] [In low tones to VAUGHAN. Lincoln's views. We came on his pass through the lines. sir. did Mr. Lincoln in any way authorize you to come here? GILMORE of No.] What are you doing here ? VAUGHAN Writing! I don't know you GILMORE ! The hell you don't [125] . Benjamin.

His iron gray hair is long and thick and inclined to curl at the ends. on the lower end of his strong chin. His features are typically the Southern scholar and thinker with angular cheeks and high cheek bones. BEN! JAMIN enters as GILMORE drops into his seat. wlio rise. his mouth strong. His whiskers are thin and trimmed farmer fashion.word-through. vitality. His shoulders slightly droop. His figure is about five foot ten and quite thin. His : ! [126] .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE VAUGHAN No! GlLMORE worked on the same paper in Washington. His eyes flash ivith strong His forehead is broad. once We VAUGHAN Never saw you before GlLMORE Get.will you ! We're in a trap ! VAUGHAN Shut your damned trap! or we'll both make our breakfast on lead at sunrise to-morrow morning! Get back to your seat [The sound of approaching steps are heard. He wears a brown suit of foreign cloth which fits him perfectly.] BENJAMIN Gentlemen The President of the Confederate States of America [DAVIS enters and bows to his visitors.

let us alone and Peace comes at once.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE manner is easy and graceful. The war must end sometime. We must finally agree on something. Mr. gentlemen."] DAVIS I his voice charming am glad to meet you. let JACQUESS you alone so long as you seek to divide I know. [VAUGHAN takes notes rapidly.'] [127] . You deny us. to You are very wel- come Richmond. GILMORE We thank you. and cultured. and stop this slaughter? so. But we cannot the Union. Even JACQUESS Mr. Benjamin tells me that you have asked to see me [He pauses and sentence. Can we not find the basis of agreement now.] waits for his visitors to finish the JACQUESS Yes. we cannot fight forever. We Very Your people do. DAVIS Mr. Davis. DAVIS what you exact for yourselves the right of self-government. Our simply. people want Peace. Davis. sir. have come to ask how it may be brought about? DAVIS Withdraw your armies from the South.

and now it must go on until the last man of this generation falls in his tracks and their children seize their muskets and fight our to avert this war. ! DAVIS [Laughs.'] We have no wish to exterminate the South But we must crush your armies. Lee's front has never yet been broken. not ours. invades the North and shells WashSherman. But suppose he The is ? His position is a dangerous one. tell the truth. are fighting for independence and that or extermina- We We tion we will have JACQUESS [Protesting. further he goes from his base of supplies. He holds Grant. government. and Sherman is before Atlanta. the [128] . The North was mad and blind and would not let us govern ourselves. Is it not already nearly done? Grant has shut you up in Richmond. I tried I saw it coming and for twelve worked day and night to prevent it. ~] You don't seem to understand the situation ! We're not If your papers exactly shut up in Richmond yet. it is your Capitol that is in danger. years I battle unless you acknowledge our right to selfare not fighting for Slavery. to be sure. But I feel that not one drop of this blood is on my hands. I deplore bloodshed. is before Atlanta.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE I DAVIS wish peace as much as you do. I can look up to God and say this. ington.

JACQUESS Mr. We never paused to figure on success or failure. sir [BENJAMIN exchanges VAUGHAN. And yet. can you hope for success in the end? yet. signs with on the present The North moment hopelessly divided. let me I you that am is better informed situation inside at this your lines than you are. Five million Southern freemen drew their sword against twenty millions because their rights had been invaded. We are fighting for the right of local self-government which we won created. you know as well as the end ? I that five millions cannot hold out forever against twenty. sir.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE more disastrous defeat must be. And JACQUESS odds are overwhelmingly against you. The states of the Union have always been sovereign.] is JACQUESS The dispute then with your government this union or disunion ? narrowed to [129] . from the tyrants of the old world. And his defeat may be at hand. Have we not reached Hardly! North tell DAVIS Do you still think there are twenty millions in the determined to crush us? If so. Davis. the How DAVIS My their equal friend. the South stands for a principle under the Constitution which their fathers rights This country has always been a Republic of Republics not an Empire.

[JACQUESS and GILMORE exit and OULD re'enters. Lincoln that approach me with any other. motives and sible Colonel Jacquess and your wish you well every good wish posconsistent with the interests of the ConfederI acy [He presses GILMORE'S the door. We will hold this principle if we have to see every Southern plantation sacked and every city in flames [JACQUESS and GILMORE GILMORE'S eye. We mean to govern ourselves. on proposals the basis of our independence. DAVIS And I snail be pleased to receive for peace direct from him. at any time.] say to Mr.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE DAVIS Let us say independence or subjugation.] DAVIS respect your character.] And shall lines ? I conduct these gentlemen back to Grant's . sir.] hand and follows them to JACQUESS Thank you. (DAVIS takes JACQUESS' hand in both his in the same way LINCOLN I did. It will be useless to [At door. VAUGHAN catches JACQUESS am sorry.] I rise.] OULP [To Davis.

It was Just a moment [To THE DOORMAN."] it if I were you BENJAMIN Why? OULD For one reason this [OuLD unfolds a note. He's after ammunition for this campaign. dare not play into his We hands! Our very life may depend on it! Make no mistake these men must be locked up to-night and shot at sunrise. DOORMAN bows and exits. OULD I [Shakes wouldn't do his head.] . OULD BENJAMIN ^handing him [Tb Read it! [131] the npte.] [THE for a on."] their hands. these men are It's spies straight from Lincoln's desk. genflemen. please. DAVIS [Interrupting.] is ki General Lee the War Office ask him if he can see me Go few minutes. the slyest trick the old fox has ever tried to play on us."] Ben Butler sent this note to me by sealed. He knows that McClellan's election on a peace platform is a certainty. Read it.No.

I'll give it to you first want a word with General Lee give this I presently. [BENJAMIN conducts VAUGHAN and OULD into the room right opposite the door through which JACQUESS and GILMORE made their exit. sir.F.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE BENJAMIN [Reading. BENJAMIN All right! We Let him try it! Two can play that game.'] "If these men do not return to my lines within ten days.'] Bluff! Bluff! DAVIS He's a beast. we'll retire until you're ready. and if you don't produce them execute two for one. THE DOORMAN enters and announces. can execute four for one DAVIS I don't like these bloody reprisals. BENJAMIN Certainly.BUTLER." BENJAMIN [Angrily. There's no end. This way. "(Signed) B. I shall I'll demand them. if you will room. He'll do it. BENJAMIN decision is yours. DAVIS I reserve my me decision.'] [132] . once we The begin.

yes morally.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE THE DOORMAN General Lee! DAVIS [Advances cordially and takes LEE'S hand in both his. no. that they certain so is Benjamin from Lincoln though they straight have no credentials.~\ Thank wish to consult you first on a small importance from one peculiar of view of tremendous importance from anpoint other. [133] . Before I decide whether to I let these men go with a message to the North. DAVIS Thank you. Two men have been passed into our lines to sound me on the question of Peace. I have just you. Benjamin demands their execution Judge Ould protests. General. I matter of talked with them. or two questions must ask you one LEE At your service. DAVIS How long can you hold Grant? LEE Certainly a year unless DAVIS Yes? LEE Unless Atlanta falls. Are they spies ? I am come LEE Technically. sir.

DAVIS sir. And you suggest? LEE That you immediately begin to arm and negroes for my command. men who They will blanch at nothing yet they must have food. You shall have it. I cannot get the corn.000 DAVIS And you think they would make good soldiers ? [134] . I must have more men. fighters rience. sir. General ? A more formidable the army I LEE was never set command. DAVIS But after one year then what? LEE It's solely a question of man power.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE DAVIS And then? LEE If General hold Atlanta. My men are fails to Hood living now on parched corn. They force in motion than are our stark individually or in the mass can be depended on for any feat of arms in the power of I know them from expemortals to accomplish. Sherman can cut the South in two and my supplies fail. If Sherman takes Atlanta. DAVIS What is the spirit of your men at this moment. drill 500.

It is one of the ironies of Fate that I am supposed to be fighting I. It can never survive this tragedy. heart to the question whether the Confederacy. I think it [135] . and South life Carolina to defeat a plan necessary to save the of the Confederacy? DAVIS The States are sovereign. sir. It DAVIS would be necessary to give each black volunteer freedom? his LEE Of course. Slavery is doomed. The Legislature of Virginia came within one vote of freeing her slaves. General ciple we are fighting. LEE And you will allow Mississippi. freed my own slaves before entering the service of the South. I know. Lee for this prin- LEE Then may be time to ask ourselves. as orheart. DAVIS But the great Gulf States and South Carolina with their majority of Negro population will never agree to the arming of half a million slaves. Louisiana. for slavery I who refuse to own a slave and my opponent General Grant is through his wife's estate a slaveholder. years ago.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LEE Led by their old masters they'll fight to a man. as you know.

decided? DAVIS It is and writes a pass."] BENJAMIN You have Yes.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE ganized. [OuLD. gentlemen. Will you use him? DAVIS I'll consider your suggestion. sir DAVIS But it would held alienate many of our Northern friends I if we go. General. does not carry within its own body the seeds of death? The rights of a state must some- where Negro yield to the supreme power of a nation. but I can't see I won't detain you longer.'] am ready. BENJAMIN and VAUGHAN reenter."] probably a bad business for us [He sits BENJAMIN There can be no doubt about that. [Hands pass OULD. I can't see it now. it [GENERAL LEE I salutes and it exits DAVIS goes to the opposite door opens and calls.] Show them through the hospitals and Libby Prison and conduct them back to General Grant's lines. these men. and he can save the South. have decided to let them Give them to this pass. The will make a brave soldier. [136] .

telegraph instrument has A been installed on this table. LINCOLN [Bending over the key. my [The OPERATOR lanta. the audience sees only LINCOLN and OPERATOR.] He has made exactly the blunder I feared VAUGHAN {With elation. BENJAMIN [With deep feeling to VAUGHAN. 1864. sir. sir [137] . the lights gradually rise until full day shows the entire room. AT RISE : At rise.~] Try to get Atlanta again. news sir ! With the twist I'll give the CURTAIN SCENE SET SCENE: n The same as Acts I and II. again and again to get At- OPERATOR It's no use.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE OULD You have acted wisely.] tries boy. It is the morning of September 3.'] We'll hope for the best. except that a small table has been placed down center on the side near Lincoln's desk.

He must be there he can't be lost! seem to Two [Laughs forlornly. do we ? My messenger should have reached Sherman! He must be there now. spelling slowly. Sherman's old head- LINCOLN Call Atlanta again. LINCOLN Once more.] when it comes ! Oh.} Must be there by this time! OPERATOR A T L A N T A G A Atlanta. I want to learn it Uncle Billy [The OPERATOR clicks off it each letter in the Morse Code. [The OPERATOR repeats the lows it call and LINCOLN fol- repeating after him.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN We don't have any luck. The trouble quarters don't answer either. sir calling over this wire we have is a direct con- nection to-day.] [138] .] I want to catch that as quick as you do [Aside.] calls to that thing click Atlanta with a peculiar loud Is that the word Atlanta you're clicking off? OPERATOR Yes. Do it slowly.'] whole days I've listened [The OPERATOR call. my God. why don't it come ! Why don't it come ! [NICOLAY enters. Ga.

NICOLAY What shall I tell them? LINCOLN [Listening at the instrument. promised awhile. knowbut I'm still full of foolish hopes.'] that wasn't it No Tell [Turns again to NICOLAY.] They need a laugh for Waiting Restless. Raymond and sir. NICOLAY They are not foolish hopes.'] Anything tell them a funny story! the bunch of undertakers 4 ! [Listening. I will see them within half an hour.insist on your answer at once Hold them back to-day. me to deliver I my corpse to them! ! because haven't given it up sooner [The sharp click of the telegraph receiver catches his ear and he starts to the table. and .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE NlCOLAY The time's up.] them positively. Chief ! LINCOLN This machine here seems to think they are. his damned Committee final are here. The darn fool thing will talk one way but won't chirp the other.] [139] . [NICOLAY exits and LINCOLN returns to his vigil by the telegraph table. I I LINCOLN We're bound to hear something them my decision this morning.

Sherman's on the move. . . sure to a moral certainty that he Richmond safely. BETTY [Eagerly."] I'm sure left remember. Miss Betty I know what you want. BETTY from General Sherman? Nothing yet LINCOLN Nothing BETTY And no message Not yet. of any kind from John since he left? LINCOLN BETTY Why why hasn't he reported? LINCOLN [Hopefully."] Come right in. he don't know what's the matter with the LINCOLN Strange we got closer than that yesterday . [BETTY enters [Looking up. That's certain.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE How close can ? you get to Atlanta over the Chattanooga line OPERATOR Twenty miles out is the last station that answers and line."] timidly."] You hfue a message then? [140] .

but I knew him all right BETTY He was I never well? GILMORE saw him looking better. [Eagerly. ask Mr. sir. and I GILMORE knew him too BETTY. EDWARD Yes. course.] Edward. and so were we He was scared stiff. of BETTY Thank you ! . did you see a handsome young fellow in Confederate uniform taking notes at your interview with Davis Yes. half a million votes for me it may be worth something to you [GILMORE enters. Gilmore to step in here a minute.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Indirectly BETTY OhLINCOLN [To EDWARD at door.] It was Captain Vaughan? GILMORE Sure ! He denied it. sir. LINCOLN Gilmore's report ought to be worth.'] Gilmore. of course.

'] Now you've had some good news BETTY [Forlornly. I know the hole where he went in at."] If he ever comes out ! LINCOLN Oh ! He'll come out and sighs in disappointment. I wish you'd help Nicolay choke that Committee off a little while and you come with them when they break in will you? GILMORE Gladly.] LINCOLN [To BETTY lightly.'] How Two long since any word came from General Sherman ? LINCOLN days.] It's [He He'll stops and listens at the telegraph instrument again. Gilmore. . President.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN That'll do. I can't tell where the old varmint's going to But come out BETTY [Chokes. [GILMORE exits. Mr.] They've no news at the War [142] Department either. come out somewhere a habit Uncle Billy has BETTY [Hopelessly.

follows her with tender pleading. then [Pauses. LINCOLN [Whispering.'] I'm just whistling to keep up my courage [He pauses again in an agony of suffering. 1 to the OPERATOR BETTY [143] . I know That's the it! LINCOLN way to talk ! That's the way I'm talking to myself though I'm scared within an inch of life my [He pauses and goes over following.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN No news generally good news from Sherman. [BETTY turns away to hide her tears and LINCOLN is Come.] Give me a little lift. You're going to win.'] I may have sent your lover to his death. come.] I know that he got to Atlanta ! [Pauses.] Sherman has disappeared! BETTY Forgive me I forgot.] my dear these tears won't do! ! You've got to help me now [BETTY brushes the tears away. I know that! But he went with a smile on country his face joy in his heart for the service and a great he was doing his BETTY Yes I know I know I'm proud of the honor you did him. I feel it.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE Say. him without our knowing it? if could they execute [144] .'] Didn't the thing start to answer ? [The OPERATOR shakes his head. sir.-] I'm not going to cry again but question you won't mind? I just want to ask one LINCOLN As many as you like ! BETTY He he had to enter Atlanta a [Sobs and catches herself.'] Call the War God Office and ask Stanton to step over here can't My why we hear ! BETTY [Wistfully. The instrument stops. didn't he? LINCOLN Yes of course BETTY he should be captured Well. boy can't you beat it a blame thing talk for us? little harder and make the OPERATOR I wish I could.] spy. The instrument gives one click LINCOLN starts. LINCOLN him again Try [The OPERATOR calls Atlanta and pauses LINCOLN and BETTY bend over with breathless suspense.

A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN They might but he's a very bright young be too smart for them man! He'll BETTY [Hopelessly. They told me that he was mortally wounded and could not possibly live. but it will come live ! would reached Atlanta. / told General Sickles that he and get well. I felt it flash ! soul to mine through the air from his I can see you and your lover at this moment seated side by side smiling and happy BETTY [In awe. and he did! I saw his living body that day at work in health and strength as plainly as I see you! We have not heard from He has Captain Vaughan yet.'] I don't know I don't know LINCOLN ! Now I'm going to tell you something I know! I've a sort of second sight that tells me things somelisten ! times.'] As plainly as I see the sunlight dancing outside that window now on the leaves to [STANTON eagerly. my dear.'} You see this ! LINCOLN [In dreamy tones. I know that. After the battle of Gettysburg I saw General Daniel E. Sickles in the hospital.} enters and LINCOLN! turns [145] meet him . The General got my message.

to ask that STANTON Nothing LINCOLN [In low tones. cross to the table and click help us ! the telegrapft listen.] [146] . army his communications and LINCOLN [His head droops."] What does it mean? STANTON A storm swept Atlanta yesterday the wires may be all down > You think that's it? LINCOLN STANTON No I don't. LINCOLN Neither do I Something big has happened Atlanta or his STANTON Sherman has ! either' taken Hood has cut may be imperiled. The committee headed by RAYMOND and STEVENS crozvd through the door against the protests of NicoCftY.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE STANTON You've no news ? LINCOLN I sent for you.] That's what I think too God [The instrument sharp of causes him to start quickly.

] Department voice. read that copy of a [147] .'] You were advised to withhold the ! new draft of men until after the election Well.'] matter is too urgent! LINCOLN All right John let 'em in I'm ready. RAYMOND We have just heard a most painful and of news from the War Department startling piece LINCOLN War [To STANTON. gentleman! promised you you must wait. [Low What is Stanton? STANTON Something I didn't believe and wouldn't repeat to you. pull for OPERATOR.] me keep picking at that thing ! STEVENS [ Triumphantly. LINCOLN [Whispering to Pull for me. boy.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE I NlCOLAY an answer in half an hour. RAYMOND Not another minute! STEVENS The \Waving a telegram.'} it.

glancing at STEVENS. You're almost smiling! happy.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE telegram from Halleck. you remind of an old farmer I in Illinois knew [The committee gather around LINCOLN eager for the story.'] know. give 'em the joke. just received by General [Offers telegram to fc] I don't LINCOLN and he refuses to take LINCOLN want to read it. or you wouldn't be so for me.'] This old farmer raised the biggest hog ever seen in the county. Stevens. A stranger one day and asked the farmer to see him. came up The old man biggest one I've I've got sech a animal an' he's the ever seed. I'll say that. But so many folks are comin' here pesterin' me to look at him. Stevens." The . sir! New York. said: "Wai I decided to charge a [148] shillin' a look. STEVENS Go on. He was so fat the news of his size spread over the country and people came from far and near to see this wonder in pork. It's your funeral not mine ! LINCOLN [Facing the committee. STEVENS Read it! LINCOLN You [Ignoring the proffered telegram. Your face is enough It must be bad.

COLN bends over tones." signature is in code.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE stranger put his hand in his pocket. President. I'll give you the telegram Fire away. paid the shilling." [All laugh except STEVENS. stared at the old man. 3. if it LINCOLN makes you happy. Stevens. Sept. The farmer called after him "Hi there ain't yer goin' ter see the "I've seen you! hog?" I've "No" the fellow answered got my money's worth. Mr. authorities have just discovered a nationconspiracy to resist by force of arms the new It detach half his to for General Grant to from Lee's front immediately army Send these put down this counter revolution. turned and walked away.. pulled out the money. "New York. STEVENS [Reading. 1864.] Not a click [OPERATOR shakes his head again and LINCOLN'S face contracts in suffering.'] STEVENS Just a minute.] tfbe During the laugh LINtelegraph instrument in low it ? How goes it. if you won't read it. will be necessary The soldiers without delay to our great cities. [149] .'] "The Federal wide draft. boy ? ? How goes [The OPERATOR shakes his head.

] It's It's the full come! It's here! [LINCOLN rushes to the table. Suddenly the sharp click of the telegraph instrument begins to spell the word A-T-lanta. boy. LINCOLN starts his face flashing with excitement. sir and it's true. STEVENS .'] LINCOLN What's that? [He follows breathlessly the spelling of word his face expressing his joy. President ing.] Georgia [Click-click. word for LINCOLN word as you get it ! OPERATOR [Click-click. [150] .You must realize that we ing another [There is a man at the cannot delay a head of the moment ticket. in plac- moment of dead silence while all watch LINCOLN'S face. 1864.click.] OPERATOR Mr.] Atlanta [Click-click. sir ! Out with it. the crowd followfor you.'] September 3.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE RAYMOND It's the blackest news yet.

LINCOLN You'll never doubt again? . quick.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE LINCOLN Glory to God! OPERATOR [Click-click. O God. T. LINCOLN enters with BETTY and rushes to meet the President.] Atlanta [Click-click. lift up thy head tell ! [To BETTY.] NICOLAY Three cheers for General William Tecumseh Sherman! ALL SHOUT Sherman ! Sherman ! Sherman ! [When the shout dies cries. Sherman LINCOLN O my Go soul. we ! give all the praise now and for- ever more [MRS. He takes her in his arms ] Mother It's all right Uncle Billy's there ! ! ! MRS.'] and fairly won W.] away LINCOLN lifts his head solemnly and LINCOLN Unto thee.] is ours [ Click-click-click.] tell Mother. her to come here ! [BETTY exits running.

three hundred thousand more.A MAN OF THE PEOELE LINCOLN Never ! [Turning to the committee. Father Abraham.] singing in My friends ! A poem is my heart ! "Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord! tramp&ig out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored He has loosed the fateful lightning of His tefrible swift sword His truth is marching on is : ! He "He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never retreat ! call He is sifting out the hearts of seat: men before His judgment Oh! Be swift my soul to answer Him! Be jubilant my feet! Our God is marching on !" STANTON That draft will be all right.] [LINCOLN with bowed head. From Mississippi's winding stream and from New England's shore. . Stevens ! Now all together ! [ STANTON leads and listens all sing. our wives and [152] children dear. We We leave our plows and workshop.] are coming.

We We We We We dare not look behind us but steadfastly before. are coming. three hundred thou! sand more. what say you. It's is a miracle! Lee's is army can't survive. our Union to restore are coming. Father Abraham. gentlemen. that mission. Father Abraham. we are commg. Father Abraham. S. ! Raymond. now! RAYMOND It's glorious. three hundred thousand more! LINCOLN And remember. Grant sent Sherman on You know I didn't remove him Well. are coming.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE With hearts too full for utterance. with but a single tear. sir ! NICOLAY Three cheers for the old President and three cheers for the new! [1531 . U. The end is sure! McClellan beaten the Union saved! LINCOLN What say you all ? A Your triumph is COMMITTEEMAN ! sure ANOTHER COMMITTEEMAN You'll sweep the nation. three hundred thou- sand more! CHORUS are coming.

smile! LINCOLN Take a chance. but my Lord. sir and such levity Nation's Chief in these tragic hours ill becomes a LINCOLN [Laughs. It may kill you.'] whose face remains a Come on."] If I couldn't laugh I'd have died long ago at this job ! CURTAIN .A MAN OF THE PEOPLE ALL Lincoln ! Lincoln ! Lincoln ! [All join except STEVENS. Stevens. mask. take a chance! STEVENS You're not elected yet. man.

who is delivering his Second Inaugural. so still it must be said. AT RISE: The President is reading his Inaugural. "The [155] . In the foreground stands the platform on which the Jus: fill of the Supreme Court of the United States. Yet. great burst of cheering follows the sentence he is closing before the curtain rises: LINCOLN [Before rise. Chase.EPILOGUE SET SCENE ton The great pillars of the Capitol at Washingthe entire stage from arch to arch.~\ A Shall discern therein any departure from those divine attributes which the believers in a living God always ascribe to Him? we [Applause as curtain rises. JOHN VAUGHAN beside BETTY tices WINTER is conspicuously leading the applause. and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword. if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondman's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk.] Fondly do we hope fervently do we pray that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. are grouped about the President. Chief Justice. as was said three thousand years ago. headed by Salmon P.

] With malice toward none with . with firmness in the right.A MAN OF THE PEOPLE judgments of the Lord are true and righteous gether. and his orphan to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and all nations. to care for him who shall have borne the battle. as God gives us to see the right.] CURTAIN (i) . to bind up 'the nation's wounds . [Fade out with the ters the last light on Lincoln's face as he ut- word. let us strive on to finish the work we are in. and for his widow. charity for all ." alto- [Applause.

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