THE HISTORY OF BENGALI CINEMA

‡ The first seeds of the Bengali film industry was sown by Hiralal Sen. He started his own Bioscope company, which became widely famous as the Royal Bioscope Company . ‡ After Sen s successful revamping up of the Bengali film Industry, It was Dhirendra Nath Ganguly who established the Indo British Film Company in 1918. ‡ This became a stepping stone to success for the Bengali film industry as it was the first Bengali owned production company. ‡ The first Bengali Feature film, which was produced in 1919 called as Billwamangal. ‡ The 'Parallel Cinema movement of Indian cinema began in the Bengali film industry during the 1950s ‡ Bengali films since then have traversed a long way in history with stalwarts like Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen, Ritwik Ghatak, Tapan Sinha etc.

Numerous awards were bestowed on Ray throughout his lifetime. Ray is the second film personality after Chaplin to have been awarded honorary doctorates by Oxford University He was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1985 and the Legion of Honour by the President of France in 1987. In 1982 he received an honorary "Hommage à Satyajit Ray" award at the Cannes Film Festival.SATYAJIT RAY ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ The biggest event in Indian cinema was the release of Pather Panchali in 1955. It was also nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awarded Ray an honorary Oscar in 1992 for Lifetime Achievement.a film directed by Satyajit Ray. It won "The Best Human Document" award. including 32 National Film Awards by the Government of India. ‡ ‡ .

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and Adoor Gopalakrishnan . acted over 200 films. ‡ He paired with All-time Great Bengali heroine Suchitra Sen to enthral the audience for nearly two decades since late 1950s. .¶ Komal Gandhar¶.RITWIK GHATAK : ‡ An artist who exerted a profound influence on the modern Indian cinema but who was critically recognized abroad only after his untimely death in 1975 He is famous for films like µMeghe Dhaka Tara¶(1961). majority of which were hits. ‡ ‡ UTTAM KUMAR : ‡ Uttam Kumar is the most popular hero in Bengali films. µSubarnarekha¶ (1962).names that today are synonymous with the Indian art film. Ghatak influenced a generation of filmmakers including Ketan Mehta. ‡ Kumar. who started his career as an extra. Through his films and his short tenure at the Film Institute in Pune.

He received the Padma Bhushan. The French government awarded him the Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters. Bhuvan Shome (Mr. He was also an honorary Member of the Indian Parliament from 1998 to 2003. He was awarded the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke award. the highest honor given to an Indian filmmaker. His films were shown in different film festivals all over the world. both nationally and internationally.MRINAL SEN: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ His film. his film 'Kabuliwala' was shown in Berlin Film festival. Shome) launched him as a major filmmaker. Bhuvan Shome also initiated the New Cinema film movement in India. by the Government of India. In 1957. and in 2005 he was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award. . the highest honor conferred by the country. TAPAN SINHA: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Tapan Sinha's first film Ankush was based on Narayan Gangopadhyay's story 'Sainik'.

.The Last Lear(English). Bariwali. Iyer (2002) won a National Film Award for Sen's direction. ‡ In 1986. ‡ In 1981. Antarmahal. the then-President of India bestowed the Padma Shri to Sen.APARNA SEN: ‡ Her first film appearance happened in Satyajit Ray's Teen Kanya .Chokher Bali. ‡ Since then.Shob charitro kalpanik. Raincoat (in Hindi). She won the 1982 national award for best director for that film. Ghosh has directed Dahan. and an acting award for her daughter Konkona Sen Sharma. ‡ Her film Mr. Aparna made her debut as a film director with '36 Chowringhee Lane . and Mrs. RITUPARNO GHOSH: ‡ His second movie Unishe April (19 April) won the 1995 National Film Award in India for best film.

RITUPARNO·S AWARD WINNING FILMS: ± ± ± 1995 .National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali .Shubho Mahurat 2004 .Chokher BalI 2005 .Raincoat 2008 .National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali .The Last Lear 2010 .Unishe April 2001 .National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi .National Film Award for Best Feature Film .National Film Award for Best Feature Film in English .National Film Award for Best Feature Film:Shob charitro Kalponik ± ± ± ± .National Film Award for Best Direction ± Utsab 2003 .

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