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>M29;*1;Z; >M29;*(=/9(!1456/<!A"$( >M29;*1;(;!.:E5)479014 B:B @?1@/;3 .:EH9?!?I9>)<>;!@A #A3<32!01+=J!A@ 7DQ3@/3
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7DQ37(!0-14'?I*de;IA>N@A7G!SX>AJH / <1> UNIDO: ‘Corporate Social Responsibility is a management concept whereby
1*?;4P3.I I4C=!>AJ1#)42;!A9+!)&*FP3+?;9>:;4IA>N@A3)L3 >;!(/; companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business
operations and interactions with their stakeholders’.
8;*1#)42;!A9+!)&*F*?19df 7(014 P3*;93,L7!;JR4*A-4@/149, CSR ]R-4>Y(01>;! (http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=o72054&L=2)
<2> ‘Corporate social responsibility (CSR, also called corporate responsibility,
9,(I;9]0-1#)@*F@?1:6>(/; 7&0-1(!14PJ.:E!)>S;:6>(/; .:E7&0-17&A-9JO;3I3 corporate citizenship, and responsible business) is a concept whereby
organizations consider the interests of society by taking responsibility for the
:6>(/;56/]0L1</;3P2/9;>8RL3J;>>;!+,-7!;9,(I;9!)<5A '1<@?1:6>(/; (6?(/; 814 impact of their activities on customers, suppliers, employees, shareholders,
7!;3)-3714 communities and other stakeholders, as well as the environment. This
obligation is seen to extend beyond the statutory obligation to comply with
K/;7!; O;73A3C=!>AJ" *H9?:E79A H9?">4:6>(/; .:E*R K019;@!X;3 legislation and sees organizations voluntarily taking further steps to improve
the quality of life for employees and their families as well as for the local
J!!*;<!!%>;!D!E>1<C=!>AJ 2!01J!!*;<!!%IA';',& (P3>!%,IA#;2>AJ community and society at large’.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporate_social_responsibility)
P2/<!A >;!IA';', & 7'?3 #K;D3A> IAGI>! 56/D!E79A3(?;+!)&*F#A3 7DQ3@/3 ) <3> ‘Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is about how businesses align their
values and behaviour with the expectations and needs of stakeholders - not
IA#;2>AJ8147!;>YJEH /!)<(I;97'0-1K01.:E#;9;!K*03de;IA>N@A7G!SX>AJP2/ just customers and investors, but also employees, suppliers, communities,
5?;3&/3HDP2/H / P3+;4DWA<)@A>Y(01 K/;7!;7DQ3IA#;2>AJ&)U3;+,- A3 @/14+O; regulators, special interest groups and society as a whole. CSR describes a
company's commitment to be accountable to its stakeholders’.
#)ZZ;D!E>)374A3 ;I3F>)<:6>(/; P2/:6>(/;HI/I;4PJ P38%E+,-IA#;2>AJ1,> (http://www.csrnetwork.com/csr.asp)
<4> The Government sees CSR as the business contribution to our sustainable
2:;*.2?4H9?*A3 ,+O; 2;>7!;+O; >Y7+?;>)<I?;7!;7DQ3@)I7:01>+,- ,>I?; development goals. Essentially it is about how business takes account of its
economic, social and environmental impacts in the way it operates –
P3+;4@!4>)38/;9 K/;7!;K012:)>D!E2*) .<<H9?:0926:09@; J3 maximising the benefits and minimising the downsides. Specifically, we see
CSR as the voluntary actions that business can take, over and above
>:;*7DQ3 ‘7#,*3/1* 7#,*9;> 7#,**;> 7#,*4?;*’ 7!;>YJE7#,*:6>(/;HD .:E*A-4 compliance with minimum legal requirements, to address both its own
K/;7!;8; CSR " *9,&N@A>!!9 ‘ /;3H / 1;*-1 ’ 2!01+O;C=!>AJ.<< ‘">4 competitive interests and the interests of wider society. Click here to find out
more about the case for CSR’. (http://www.csr.gov.uk/whatiscsr.shtml)
HD ">49;’ .+3+,-JE7DQ3.<< ‘@!4HD@!49;’ C=!>AJ8147!;>YJED!E#<>)< <5> ‘Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is generally used to describe
business’s efforts to achieve sustainable outcomes by committing to good
(I;9IA<)@A K6>gc14!/14.:E:/9:E:;*P3+,-#= JE#)47>@H /I?; P3D[JJ=<)33,L business practices and standards. While the concept may be relatively new
in the region, the actual practices and related policies are not new. The key
#(<. H /11>9;!E<=I?;1#)42;!A9+!)&*FK017DQ3#A3(/;+,-9,56/!/147!,*39;>+,-#= role and responsibility are often discussed in the aspects of business, social
and the environment’. (http://www.csrsingapore.org/whatiscsr.php)
)43)L37!;JR4@/149,(I;9!)<5A '1<@?1:6>(/;1*?;47(!?4(!)

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<1> http://service.nso.go.th/nso/data/data23/stat_23/toc_3/3.2.1-4-48.xls
<2> http://service.nso.go.th/nso/data/data23/stat_23/toc_3/3.2.1-15-48.xls
<3> http://service.nso.go.th/nso/data/data23/stat_23/toc_7/7.1-1-47.xls
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<5> http://service.nso.go.th/nso/data/data23/stat_23/toc_1/1.1.1-4n.xls
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outdated regulatory rules and supervision - undercapitalization, insider
lender, lack of disclosure, unsound practices... led to overinvestment in real
estate.’ (Renaud. Bertrand (2000). ‘Chapter 9: How Real Estate Contributed
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to the Thailand Financial Crisis. In Mera, Koichi and Renaud, Bertrand (ed.) >D6*0)5,T>"D*++)0<#+ 50 /c@4-# /PX,)>"D*+:K:4"!3L'D,$": +&:)00G0D*T
(2000). Asia’s Financial Crisis and the Role of Real Estate. New York: M.E.
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Thailand: Only the Sky Was the Limit. AIT: UEM-Asia Occassional Paper
No.43. Sheng and Kirinpanu, Sakchai (1999). Bangkok’s Housing Boom and
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