# Operations Managemen Assignment – II

Total Marks: 100 1. Product X is made of two units of Y and three units of Z. Y is made of one unit of A and two units of B. Z is made of two units of A and four units of C. Lead time for X is one week; Y, two weeks; Z, three weeks; A, two weeks; B, one week; and C, three weeks. a. Draw the bill of materials (product structure tree). b. If 100 units of X are needed in week 10, develop a planning schedule showing when each item should be ordered and in what quantity? (3 + 17 Marks) 2. The Cadbury Candy Company makes a variety of candies in three factories worldwide. Its line of chocolate candies exhibits a highly seasonal demand pattern, with peaks during the winter months (for the holiday season and Valentine’s Day) and valleys during the summer months (when chocolate tends to melt and customers are watching their weight). Given the following costs and quarterly sales forecasts, determine whether a level production or chase production strategy would more economically meet the demand for chocolate candies: QUARTER Spring Summer Fall Winter SALES FORECAST(POUNDS) 80,000 50,000 120,000 150,000

Hiring cost = \$100 per worker Firing cost = \$ 500 per worker Inventory carrying cost= \$ 0.50 per pond per quarter Production per employee = 1000 pounds per quarter Beginning workforce= 100 workers

(10+ 10) marks

3. Daily demand for a product is 60 units with a standard deviation of 10 units. The review period is 10 days, and lead time is 2 days. At the time of review there are 100 units in stock. If 98% service probability id desired, how many units should be ordered? (10 Marks) 4. Item X is a standard item stocked in a company’s inventory of component parts. Each year the firm on random basis uses about 2000 of item X, which costs \$25 each. Storage costs, which include insurance and cost of capital, amount to \$5 per unit of average inventory. Every item an order is placed for more item X, it costs \$10. a. Whenever item X is ordered, what should be the order size? (5 marks) 1

What is the annual cost for ordering item X? c. Suppose we observe 200 letters delivered incorrectly to the wrong addresses in a small city during a single day when a total of 200. What you understand by waste in JIT philosophy? What are prominent types of waste those should be eliminated? Name seven elements that address elimination of waste. the hospital uses an average of 12 pints per day. because Ed-for seasons we shall not go into here-wants the cars face lifted and back on his lot in a hurry. Blood is measured by the pint and is shipped in containers that contain six pints.000 letters were delivered.m. Assuming that cars go through the refitting operations before they are repainted. A local hospital wants to set up a kanban system to manage its supply of blood with the regional blood bank.M. Ed has said that if Nancy can refit and repaint five cars that Ed has just received in 24 hours or less.b. the hospital wants to carry a safety stock of two day’s expected supply. For a particular blood type. The regional blood bank delivers blood to the hospital each day with a one day order lead time (an order placed by 6 p. (2+4+4 marks) 6. Due to the critical nature of a blood shortage. One of the main requirements in obtaining this contract is rapid delivery time. can Nancy meet the time requirements and get the contract? (10 Marks) CAR A B C D E REFITTING TIME (HOURS) 6 0 5 8 2 REPAINTING TIME (HOURS) 3 4 2 6 1 2 . the hospital purchasing group places orders for blood each day at 5 P. How many kanban card sets should the hospital prepare? (5 marks) 7. today will be delivered tomorrow afternoon). the contract will be hers. Name the analytical tools used for Six-Sigma and Continuous Improvement. Following is the time (in hours) required in the refitting shop and the paint shop for each of the five cars. Nancy’s Auto Seat Cover and Paint Shop is bidding on a contract to do all the custom work for Smiling Ed’s used car dealership. Internally. (3+ 2 + 1+5+ + 4 marks) 8. What is the annual cost of storing item X? (3 marks) (2 marks) 5. What is the DPMO in this situation? What you understand by Sigma ( σ )? What is the Sixsigma defect rate? Discuss Six sigma ( 6σ ) methodology.