Rome – Growth and Expansion Since the formation of Rome as unison amongst the tribes, geographical features have

played an important role in the dynamics of its growth. The obvious elements of growth being religion, crusades, imperial ambitions, and trade - terrain features have been less recognized and realized in not only growth but also the shrinking of the city of Rome. Rome was the first city to reach a population of 1 million people in 133 B.C. at that time in history. The two distinct geographical features – the marshy lands of Tiber River and the natural hills against it were especially responsible for this huge growth to a great extent and the terrain was also moulded sometimes to channelize this expansion. The ‘defence oriented move’, to extend the city boundaries across Tiber resulted in expansion of Rome in the southern part, reaching out to the sea over the centuries. The city fabric at present is thus made up of layers of elements which are historical, social and economical to be more recent one. The mapping technique in this exercise uses geography as the driving factor to observe the dynamics of the growth of the core of the city with the present condition as the base so as to observe the emerging patterns. The densification mapping according to the timeline has been used to conclude the influx and drying out and re-densification of population with respect to the terrain. The graphics are also suggestive of growth on marshy lands of Tiber River against the ancient hills and the man made rectifications in the terrain.