Monomer- is a molecule from which a polymer is made. Polymer- large molecules consisting of many repeating structural units.

Polymerization reaction- a reaction in which monomer units are bonded together to form a polymer. Esterification- a chemical reaction in which two reactants (typically an alcohol and an acid) form an ester as the reaction product Saponification- the hydrolysis of an ester under basic conditions to form an alcohol and the salt of a carboxylic acid Addition reaction- results when other atoms bond to each of two atoms bonded by double or triple covalent bonds. Condensation reaction- two smaller organic molecules combine to form a more complex molecule, accompanied by the loss of a small molecule such as water.

Substitution reaction.Elimination reaction. Functional group.this process in which heavier fractions are converted to gasoline by breaking by their large molecules into molecules. Alkyl halide.organic compounds that contain benzene rings as part of their structure. Aryl halide. . Cracking.is an organic compound containing a halogen atom bonded to a benzene ring or other aromatic group.a reaction in which a combination of atoms is removed from two adjacent carbon atoms forming an additional bond between the carbon atoms.is an organic compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an aliphatic carbon atom. Aromatic compound.in an organic molecule this is an atom or group of atoms that always reacts in a certain way.is one in which one atom or a group of atoms in a molecule is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

a series of compounds that differ from one another by a repeating unit.this is the process of separation being carried out by boiling the petroleum and collecting the fractions as they condense at different temperatures. and alkynes.hydrocarbons such as the alkanes. alkenes. Homologous series. Fractional distillation. .Aliphatic compound.

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