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who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority.ARTICLE IV CITIZENSHIP Section 1. and (4) Those who are naturalized in accordance with law.1973. (2) Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines. of Filipino mothers. (3) Those born before January 17. The following are citizens of the Philippines: (1) Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of this Constitution. .
Section 1 hereof shall be deemed naturalborn citizens. Those who elect Philippine citizenship in accordance with paragraph (3). .Section 2. Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect their Philippine citizenship.
Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship. Section 5. to have renounced it. Section 4. under the law. Philippine citizenship may be lost or reacquired in the manner provided by law.Section 3. unless by their act or omission they are deemed. . Dual allegiance of citizens is inimical to the national interest and shall be dealt with by law.
membership of a citizen in a political society.is a citizen not of the country where he lives. but of another country. a duty of allegiance on the part of the member and duty of protection on the part of the state. RESIDENT-ALIENS.taking the oath of allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines . EXPATRIATION. MONARCHIAL STATE. REPATRIATION. reciprocally. which membership implies.called subject ALIEN.member of a democratic community who enjoys full civil and political rights. CITIZEN.DEFINITON OF TERMS CITIZENSHIP.voluntary loss or renunciation of one s nationality.popularly called foreigners or aliens passing through its territory of their persons and properties.
INVOLUNTARY method.WAYS OF ACQUIRING CITIZENSHIP: 1. . JUS SOLI OR JUS LOCI.by place of birth 2.by naturalization (naturalized) NATURALIZATION. JUS SANGUINIS. VOLUNTARY method.act of formally adopting a foreigner into the political body of the state and clothing him with the rights and privileges of citizenship.by blood relationship B.by birth or by place of birth (natural-born) A.
the foreigner is required to possess certain prescribed qualifications based especially on age. literacy and other requirements. good moral character. When naturalization is by judicial process.When an alien wishes to acquire citizenship of a country other than his own.There are two classifications of naturalization: the individual and group naturalization. By Judicial Process. residence in the state where he seeks citizenship. willingness to obey the laws and the constitution. . he does so by the process of individual naturalization. INDIVIDUAL NATURALIZATION. This process is done either-by the court or by the lawmaking body.
. Those born in the Philippines and have received their primary and secondary education in public or private schools recognized by the Government and not limited to any race or nationality. Those who have resided in the Philippines for 30 years or more before the filing of the petition. b. however.THE PROCEDURE FOR PHILIPPINE NATURALIZATION CONSISTS OF THE FOLLOWING STEPS: 1. and enrolled his children in elementary and high schools recognized by the government and not limited to any race or nationality. The following. are exempt from filing the declaration of intention: a. Filing of a declaration of intention one year prior to the filing of the petition with the Office of the Solicitor General.
Publication of the petition 4. Filing of the petition. as character witnesses. Hearing of the petition .c. who are citizens of the Philippines and who personally know the petitioner. Widow with minor children of an alien who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the Philippines and dies before he is actually naturalized. Actual residence in the Philippines during the entire proceedings 5. 2. 3. accompanied by the affidavit of two credible persons.
6. applicant should not leave the Philippines. 8. Oath-taking and issuance of the certificate of naturalization. and should not have committed an act prejudicial to the interest of the nation or contrary to any Government-announced policies. Promulgation of the decision 7. During the two-year probation period. . Hearing after two years. should not have been convicted of any offense or violation of rules. should dedicate himself continuously to a lawful calling or profession.
Under this procedure. 2. During the hearing. and the judge is convinced that the alien has fulfilled all the requirements prescribed by law. After an exhaustive investigation. The court shall hear the petition for naturalization. the foreigner is required to appear before the court together with his witnesses. An alien who is of majority age and wishes to be naturalized shall file a declaration of intention to become a citizen before a court. other persons may appear to oppose the petition for naturalization.THE COURT PROCESS MAY CONSIST OF THE FF. then the next step follows. After a waiting period prescribed by the law. the alien shall file his petition for naturalization before the court. This declaration is necessary to ascertain the sincerity of the foreigner to become a citizen. STEPS: 1. 3. .
or be appointed as judge.4. like that of president and prime minister. After having taken an oath of allegiance. There are certain exceptions. is entitled to the rights and privileges of citizenship. or member of the national lawmaking body. however. where the naturalized citizen cannot be elected to a national office. therefore. . he becomes a new citizen and.
In the Philippines. the Deputy Secretary of Foreign Affairs and the Director-General of the former National Intelligence Service Authority (NISA) was created to receive.By Legislation. A special committee composed of the Solicitor General. Douglas MacArthur Pursuant to Presidential Letter of Instruction no. . dated April 11.1976. consider and submit recommendations on applications of aliens for naturalization .270. Individual naturalization is also acquired through the lawmaking body. Ex. Congress may simply enact a law directly conferring upon a foreigner Filipino citizenship. dated December 29. Gen.491.1975 as amended by Presidential Decree No. deserving aliens desiring to become Filipino citizens were naturalized w/o passing through the court.
If he passes the examination. 3. he takes the fourth step. 4. 1. He must also be a resident of the United States for a continuous period of five years. An alien who is eighteen years of age or above may declare before a federal or state court his intention to become an American citizen.S.INDIVIDUAL NATURALIZATION IN THE U. He is ordered to appear before the court for an examination to answer questions about American government. The alien-applicant takes an oath of allegiance to the government of the United States which makes him a citizen. 2. first in getting himself a job or to prove in any other way that he intends to be a citizen of the United States. . The alien-applicant must file a petition with the proper court which he must do when he reaches the age of 18.A.
People of Louisiana. joint resolution. . or by a statute. Alaska. Texas naturalized collectively in 1845 as American citizens by a joint resolution of the American Congress. For example. Guam.GROUP NATURALIZATION.GROUP OR COLLECTIVE NATURALIZATION Citizens of territories of a colonizer-state may be collectively naturalized as citizens of the colonizer-state by means of a treaty. Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands by special statute. and Florida naturalized collectively by treaty and Hawaii.
. by having been declared by competent authority . by naturalization in a foreign country b. by subscribing to an oath of allegiance to support the constitution of foreign country d. VOLUNTARY a. by cancellation of his certificate of naturalization by the court b. by express renunciation of citizenship c.LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP 1. INVOLUNTARY a. a deserter in the Philippine Armed Forces in time of war. by rendering service to. or accepting commission in the armed forces of a foreign country 2.
by direct act of the Congress of the Philippines . by repatriation of deserter of the Armed Forces of the Philippines 3.REACQUISITION OF LOST PHILIPPINE CITIZENSHIP 1. by NATURALIZATION 2.
FOR APPLICATIONS FILED IN THE PHILIPPINES .
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