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Published by: ngelectronic5226 on Aug 29, 2010
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Nikola Tesla was born in Smijlan, Croatia in 1856. He attended the Technical University of
Graz, Austria, and the University of Prague (1879-1880). His first employment was in a
government telegraph engineering office in Budapest, where he made his first invention, the
loudspeaker. In 1882 Tesla went to work in Paris for the Continental Edison Company, and
constructed his first induction motor.

Tesla moved to America in 1884. In May 1885, George Westinghouse, head of the
Westinghouse Electric Company in Pittsburgh, bought the patent rights to Tesla's polyphase
system of alternating-current dynamos, transformers, and motors. In 1887 Tesla established
his own laboratory in New York City, where he performed countless experiments including
work on a carbon button lamp, on the power of electrical resonance, and on various types of
lighting. Tesla also invented the fluorescent lights and a new type of steam turbine.

The Tesla Coil



Marco Denicolai

A controversy between alternating current and direct current advocates raged in 1880s and
1890s, featuring Tesla and Edison as leaders in the rival camps.

Figure 1: Portrait of Nikola Tesla.

Figure 2: “Apparatus for transmitting
electrical energy” [Tes14].

In Colorado Springs, where he stayed from May 1899 until early 1900, Tesla made what
he regarded as his most important discovery - terrestrial stationary waves. By this discovery
he proved that the earth could be used as a conductor and would be as responsive as a tuning
fork to electrical vibrations of a certain pitch. In this period he also conducted the majority of
experiments intended to develop a way to wirelessly transmit electrical energy to consumer

Tesla had a way of intuitively sensing hidden scientific secrets and employing his
inventive talent, but was quite impractical in financial matters. Returned to New York in
1900, because of a lack of funds, his ideas kept remaining in his notebooks, which are still
today examined by engineers for unexploited clues. He died in 1943, the holder of more than
100 patents.

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