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11/06/2012

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The shape chosen for the primary coil is the flat Archimedes spiral, for the simplicity of its
manufacturing and because it allows to maximize its distance from the top of the secondary
coil.

As the secondary coil is supposed to be freely movable inside the primary coil, the inside
diameter of the primary inner turn must be equal to the secondary outer diameter plus some
clearance, which is chosen to be 7.5 cm.

Optimal performance can be achieved if secondary and primary circuits have got the same
resonance frequency (Chapter 6.1.1). Given that the value selected for the primary capacitor
is 0.1 µF, from Equation (4-8) the primary inductance value required is:

+

8.
74

10

19
.
58

2

1

10

1.
0

1

2

1

1

2

3

6

2

s

p

p

=

=

=

f

C

L

(4-9)

The material chosen for the primary coil is copper pipe of 8 mm diameter. As practical
experience suggests, the spacing between turns is kept close and chosen to be 22 mm. The
resulting inductance is given by the following formulas, adapted from [Whe28]:

( )( )

t

t

t

p

p

1

D

D

S

N

W

+

+

=

(4-10)

where:

Wpwidth of windings on one side [cm]

Npnumber of turns

St turn spacing [cm]

Dtpipe outer diameter [cm]

2

p

i

av

W

D

R

+

=

(4-11)

where:

Wpwidth of windings on one side [cm]

Diinner diameter [cm]

p

av

2
p

2
av

p

94
.
27

32
.
20

W

R

N

R

L

+

=

(4-12)

where:

Lpprimary inductance [µH]

Filter design

TESLA COIL DESIGN

28

Marco Denicolai

Wpwidth of windings on one side [cm]

Npnumber of turns

In our case, the iterative application of the above three formulas indicated that a turn
number Np between 8 and 9 should result in a proper inductance value. For 9 turns, the
resulting inductance is:

( )(

)

cm

8.
24

8.
0

8.
0

2.
2

1

9

p

=

+

+

=

W

cm

9.
39

2

8.
24

5.
7

5.
7

40

av

=

+

+

+

=

R

+

8.
85

8.
24

94
.
27

9.
39

32
.
20

9

9.
39

2

2

p

=

+

=

L

To provide sufficient flexibility for tuning, the primary coil is manufactured with 9.5 turns

of copper pipe.

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