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Submitted to Mr. Ch. Sohail By: Muhammad Zain – 9996 Muhammad Usman Badar – 9992
BBA-4C (Evening) Bahria University Karachi Campus
Letter of Transmittal
Mr. Ch. Sohail Bahria University Karachi. Dear Mr. CH. Sohail, As a requirement for the research methods and techniques course offered in the BBA program, we were required by you to do library research on factors of promoting tourism in Pakistan. This report is about the study of factors that can promote Pakistan’s tourism industry. We have carried out literature research to discover the factors that can promote tourism Industry. Preparing this report has been a rewarding and enlightening experience. If you have queries regarding this report, feel free to ask, we will be happy to answer them.
Sincerely, Muhammad Zain Muhammad Usman Badar
TABLE OF CONTENTS
S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Contents Letter of Transmittal Introduction Scope of Tourism in Pakistan Highlights of the Tourism policy The respective roles of public and private sector in promotion and development of Tourism Sector Investment Role of Private Sector- Monetary and Fiscal Incentives Tourist Facilitations Infrastructure Development and Environmental Improvement Rese arch Studies Provincial Programmes Facts & Figures Recommendations for Sustainable Ecotourism Conclusion Appendix References Pg.No. 2 4 4 5 5-6 6 6-7 7-8 8 8 8-9 9-13 14-15 16 17-23 24
Pakistan, with the world’s oldest civilization, exotic mountain beauty and splendid seasonal variety, has immense tourist potential. The sacred religious places, which spread throughout the country, make Pakistan an attractive place for a variety of people and religions. The tourism assets of Pakistan include a coastal zone spreading over one thousand kilometers along the Arabian Sea offering long term development potential for beach resorts, diversified natural deserts in the south and beautiful hill stations and valleys in the north. It has also great potential for tourism sports like mountaineering and trekking. The relics of the Indus Civilization in the south, Gandhara Civilization in the north and the great heritage of Mughals in Punjab are exceptional cultural assets of Pakistan. There are also great adventures zones with the high mountains located in the north of the country, where four of the world’s largest ranges meet. The tourism sector investments in the country are dominated by private sector with the role of public sector mainly as a facilitator. Almost the entire hotel, restaurant, travel agency and tour operator business is in the private sector. The Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation (PTDC) is also operating a limited number of hotels and roadside facilities in areas where the private sector has been reluctant. This report is about the study of factors that can promote Pakistan’s tourism industry and in this report we will try to highlight those factors that can promote tourism in Pakistan.
Scope of Tourism in Pakistan:
Pakistan has great tourism potential because of its rich soul and mind capturing scenic views of mountains, plateaus and deserts. Pakistan is safe enough to attract a large number of foreign tourists and for their convenience the Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation (PTDC) had set up 27 motels and 3 restaurants in the country. PTDC should enhance the capacity of its marketing department to attract tourists from China, the Middle East, Korea, Japan and other countries. In order to promote tourism in Pakistan Government should take actions as it not only give us financial benefits but can also assist in building up unity and harmony among nations the government should also encourage the private sector to develop a tourism-friendly environment in the country to increase Pakistan’s financial stability.
Highlights of the tourism policy:
• • • • • • • • • • • Tourism shall be henceforth being accorded the status of the industry. All tourism facilities would be treated as industrial concerns and would qualify for the same benefits, concessions and treatment as is extended to other recognized industries. Deemed Export Status has been granted to the tourism industry including hotels. Monetary incentives provided to export industries shall henceforth be admissible to tourism related projects. Concession of duty free imports admissible to industries in the prescribed areas would also be allowed for tourism projects Provincial governments would allot state land for tourism projects on long lease basis. Federal and evacuee land where available shall be similarly allotted. Youth hotels and camping grounds established by PTDC would be leased out to private sector for operation. Approved travel agents and tour operators shall be provided telephone, telex and fax facilities on priority. Special equipment for adventure tourism will be allowed to be imported free of custom duty and sales tax. Multiple entry visas will also be granted by Pakistani mission abroad if such request is made at the time of visa application.
The respective roles of public and private sector in promotion and development of Tourism:
Tourism has been declared an industry and holds great promise for prospective investors interested in exploring the true potential of a land as rich and diverse in its culture as it is in its geographical distribution. In Pakistan tourism has a huge growth potential with high returns and revenue for investors in projects like Marine complexes, Beach resorts, Mountain resorts, Theme parks, Cultural tourism, Entertainment centers and construction of hotels (3 star & above). Tourism infra-structure comprises wide- ranging diverse activities which require heavy investment. Many of these activities are in the form of public utilities like power, water, gas and transport etc. These services are so vital to society that government intervention has been considered inevitable even in those countries which follow “free market” policies. Thus, government participation in case of developing countries such as Pakistan is fully justifiable. Tourism is a multi-dimensional activity. It has inter-face with several other sectors of the economy. The government, therefore, cannot abstain from playing a major role which may involve channeling of funds to various Federal and Provincial agencies for providing the needed services to the tourism sector. The development of roads as also their maintenance, the provision of land at non-commercial rates, the supply Page 5
of water and power and the development of telecommunication facilities have to be undertaken by the government. In the absence of these basic requisites, private sector initiative would not sprout, let alone grow. Government would continue to assume the responsibility for the coordinated and effective marketing effort in established and developing tourist markets abroad. This task has been neglected so far. The Ministry of Tourism would commission experts to prepare a marketing plan which would be launched through the pooling of Federal, Provincial and Private sector resources. The provinces have generally ignored the potential of tourism. While Punjab has recently set up a Corporation, the other Provinces continue to ignore the pressing needs of the sector. It has to be appreciated that tourism is national product that is not limited by provincial or regional boundaries. There is an evident need to establish organizations within the Provincial Governments which could deal exclusively with the development of tourism in their respective jurisdictions. The Provincial Governments other than Punjab would be encouraged to established organizations such as PTDC and TDCP. In order to achieve integration of policies between the Provinces, and the Federal Ministries, an apex body known as the Pakistan Tourism Council headed bye the Prime Minister would be re-activated. This Council would inter-alia formulate guidelines for future policy development , financial allocation for Federal and Provincial projects, foreign investment, adoption of marketing strategies, incentives for the private sector and measures necessary for the future development and well-being of the sector . The Ministry would also be appointed on the Board of Directors of PIA.
Investment by the private sector for tourism development during MTDF period is estimated in the range of Rs. 30-40 billion. The public sector investment will be limited to development of infrastructure and other necessary support to private sector. The investment through the PSDP is estimated at Rs. 1.37 billion.
Role of Private Sector- Monetary and Fiscal Incentives:
The Development Finance Institutions are not fully geared to meet the needs of the tourism sector. As to tourism was not regarded as an industry, very few cases of loan financing were handled by these institutions. With the grant of industry status to the sector, it is expected that a large number of loan applications would have to be processed by such institutions. The investment objectives can best be realized if a separates Tourism Finance Corporation in the private sector is established. To being with however the instrument of an investment bank can be utilized for the purpose, the Government of
Pakistan would allow the private sector to establish such investment banks which may also finance tourism projects. Land is the most important and expensive component of the total cost of any tourism project. To contain the project cost and it render it financially viable it is essential that land for hotels, motels, recreation parks, fun-lands, athletic clubs, cultural centers etc., is provided at non-commercial rates by the development authorities both Federal and Provincial. In order to induce private sector investment, it has been decided that land earmarked for tourism related projects shall henceforth be provided at non commercial rates on the recommendation of the Ministry of Tourism. This recommendation shall be based on guidelines and eligibility criteria which the Ministry would establish and notify for investors information. The purchaser of such land would not be permitted to change the purpose for which land is sold. Tourism zones or enclaves would be established exclusively for foreign tourists. Private sector shall be allowed to develop these zones or enclaves. Location incentives admissible to other industries would be allowed to such enclaves/zones.
Airports are the gateway to the country. Facilities and handling provided at the international airports from a lasting impression on the foreign tourist. Our airports suffer from a number of drawbacks despite the vast improvements undertaken in recent years. Sufficient attention has not been paid to the periodic training and education of personnel involved in handling immigration, security and health checks. Personnel at the airports would be encouraged to learn at least one foreign language. Suitable financial incentive will be provided for this purpose. Facilitation counters located in the immigration area will be manned by the personal of PTDC. Accredited representatives of recognized travel agencies would be given identity cards valid up to airline and immigration counters. Baggage handling and clearance system should be improved. The tour operators will arrange insurance cover for the tourist groups handled by them. The existing requirement of police registration and restriction of movement of foreigners would be removed except where specifically required under security considerations. Most tourists visiting Pakistan require visas, which are issued by Pakistani Embassies or High Commissions in other countries. While implementation is satisfactory, visas are an irritant to tourism and add to the cost of a holiday. Visas for nationals from some neighboring states include considerable restrictions, which puts significant limitations on the development of regional tourism. However, as a part of its policy to facilitate tourism, the government has recently eased restrictions on visas. The Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation maintains 21 Tourist Information Centers at various sites across the country; in addition, there are information offices operated by provincial tourism authorities. However, the standard of service offered is variable and a rationalization of all centers is required, with staff training in foreign Page 7
languages and customer relations. High-tech Tourist Information Centers of the kind available at Karachi International Airport, with e-mail, fax, and website facilities need to be established at the other major airports and city centers. A website of 1500 pages showing Pakistanis scenic tourist sites and cultural heritage has recently been launched which will greatly enhance awareness both nationally and internationally. There are approximately 41 tour operators in Pakistan that provide destination management services for domestic and foreign tourists. As their services are critical to the development of international tourism, they need to be treated as a primary sub-sector and supported accordingly. Several areas of regulation impact negatively on tourism, such as the forbidden photography of bridges and airports, and restricted zones where trekkers require special permission to enter. These restricted areas could be limited and perhaps renamed �permit zones. Tribal leaders may be involved in the development of tourism activities in their areas. Although Pakistan possesses world-class tourist attractions, the international tourist potential of areas such as the Swat Valley has been considerably reduced because of the lack of planning regulations, over-development and environmental degradation. Due to lack of co-ordination between the tourism industry and authorities in charge of natural, historical or religious sites, the tourism potential of such sites is not fully realized.
Infrastructure Development and Environmental Improvement:
Integrated improvement of physical infrastructure will be undertaken in areas of tourist interest through coordination of federal, provincial and local programmers covering provision of roads, water supply, situation (including public toilets), drainage, solid waste management, and other municipal facilities. The environment of touristy areas will be improved through controlling pollution and taking up river cleaning projects such as Swat River Pollution Control.
A comprehensive research programme will be implemented to generate data on the Inflow of tourists, expenditures, sites visited and duration of stay. Studies will also be Conducted to estimate private sector investment in the tourism sector. The results will be Used to review measures for enhancing private sector investment, including review of Policies and incentive packages.
The Provincial Tourism Development Corporations and agencies will facilitate Development of resorts, promotion of hotel chains, and entertainment industry, development of theme parks, improvement of historic inter-city areas and urban transport, development and rehabilitation of urban and rural road networks, development of urban commercial centers, promotion of tourism activities, development of holiday villages and establishment of museums, motels and cultural complexes.
Facts and figures: General Highlights of Tourism Industry in Pakistan-2007
ITEM Foreign Tourist Arrivals Tourist Receipts(US$) Spending per Tourist Per Day in (US$) Domestic Tourism Hotels Rooms Tour Operator/Travel Agents 2006 0.8984 mn 260.1 mn 11.6 43.4 mn 1761 Nos 41146 Nos 2142 Nos 2007 0.8395 mn 276.1 mn 13.2 44.5 mn 1857 Nos 42859 Nos 2286 Nos % change in 2007 (-)6.6 6.2 13.8 2.6 5.5 4.2 6.7
Foreign Tourist to Pakistan and Tourism Receipts 1998-2007
Years 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Tourists (000 Nos.) 428.8 432.2 556.7 499.7 498.1 500.9 648.0 798.3 898.4 839.5 Receipts (US$ Million) 97.9 76.4 84.4 92.2 105.4 135.6 185.6 185.3 260.1 276.1 Page 9
Source: (1) Immigration, Ministry of Interior (2) State Bank of Pakistan
Market-Wise Foreign Tourist Arrivals in Pakistan-2007
Market Tourists(Nos) Europe 383,751 South Asia 148,856 America 160,615 Pacific & East Asia 87,092 Middle East 35,887 Africa 15,840 Others 4,459 Total 839,500 Source: Immigration, Ministry of Interior % Share 46.1 17.7 19.1 10.4 4.3 1.9 0.5 100
TOP Ten Tourist Generating Countries-2007
Country Arrivals(000 Nos) % Share 32.8 14.5 9.6 5.7 4.3 3.6 2.8 1.7 1.4 1.3 78.0 Position 2006/2007 1st/1st 2nd/2nd 3rd/3rd 4th/4th 6th/5th 5th/6th 7th/7th 9th/8th 11th/9th 10th/10th
UK 275.6 U.S.A. 121.9 Afghanistan 80.5 India 48.2 Canada 36.5 China 30.4 Germany 23.9 Norway 14.2 Australia 12.0 France 11.2 Total 654.4 Source: Immigration, Ministry of Interior
Foreign Tourist Arrivals to Pakistan by Quarter 2007
Quarters 1 Quarter 2nd Quarter 3rd Quarter 4th Quarter Total
Tourist (000 Nos) 215.7 198.4 211.7 213.7 839.5
% Share 25.7 23.6 25.2 25.5 100
Source: Immigration, Ministry of Interior
F oreig T n ouristArrivalsto Pakistanby Quarter2007
1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
Foreign Torurist Arrivals to Pakistan by Purpose 2007
Purpose of Visit Holiday/Recreation V.F.R. Business Others Total Tourists (000 Nos) 123.4 470.1 179.7 66.3 839.5 % Share 14.7 56.0 21.4 7.9 100
Source: Estimated, Bases on Co-efficient worked out in foreign Tourism Survey-2000
60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Holiday/Recreation V.F.R Business Others
Area Visited by Foreign Tourists-2007
Area Balochistan Sindh Punjab N.W.F.P. Northern Areas Azad Jammu & Kashmir Total Tourists (000 Nos) 12.6 281.2 472.7 47 5 21 839.5 Share 1.5 33.5 56.3 5.6 0.6 2.5 100
Source: Estimated, Based on Co-eficient worked out in Foreign Tourism Survey-2000
Contribution of Tourism in the Pakistan Economy
In Rupees Million
Tourism Receipts 10759 13199 16643
Tourism Receipts as % of G.N.P 0.2 0.2 0.3
Tourism Receipts as % of Exports 1.3 1.3 1.6
Tourism Position in Export 16 16 16
2004-2005 4970546 854255 2005-2006 5303974 984767 2006-2007 5638818 1029267 Source: State Bank of Pakistan
Recommendations for Sustainable Ecotourism:
• Tourism Policy and Planning for Environmental Sustainability
There is no other economic activity that cuts across so many sectors, levels and interests as tourism. Therefore, it is vital to integrate planning for nature, heritage and communitybased tourism with national development and area management plans. An integrated programme of environmental planning, legislation and management is required, which would eliminate the fragmentation of responsibilities for environmental issues across different agencies. • Strategic Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation
Strategic assessment of the environmental impact of proposed policy, plans, programmes or proposals at the earliest stage of decision-making is important. When implementing the tourism strategy, evaluation and monitoring procedures must be in place. Performance indicators should not be restricted to quantifiable environmental change, such as the number of visitors or the quality of water, but should record aspects of social behavior, community management and institutional policy interventions. • Community Participation
The involvement of local and user communities in the development of integrated resource management is essential to the success of any tourism development programme. There are already a number of such projects being undertaken in rural and urban communities by the WWF, the Aga Khan Foundation and the World Conservation Union (IUCN), as well as a number of smaller NGOs. The communities need to be fully involved with developments from the initial stages of data collection to that of co-management. Through local organizations, projects can be instigated at the grass roots level rather than be government-led, and thus have a better chance of adoption by the community. • Environmental Education
The environment should be infused into core subjects at all levels in schools, and teachers trained in the area. While it is important to put this education in a global context, materials specific to Pakistan’s resources need to be developed, so that they address local issues in local languages The media is already drawing attention to environmental issues, and this can be integrated with dance, drama, and religious education. It is important to promote working relationships between schools, government departments and environmental NGOs to produce teaching materials and learning programmes for urban and rural areas. There is also considerable scope to develop environmental programmes for adult education through the Allama Iqbal Open University Page 14
and other universities. Structured workshops, group discussions, courses to promote craft development, and training to enhance understanding of rural conditions, waste disposal, resource use and other environmental impacts can all be utilized. Much work is already being done by NGOs like WWF, IUCN, the National Rural Support Programme (NRSP), and the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme (AKRSP).
‘It’s the only industry, which needed more and more exploration’ (Zamir Sheikh) Pakistan is a major tourist attraction because it is blessed with natural beauty and historical places that can yield huge foreign exchange if properly and methodically exploited. Tourism could become foreign exchange earning industry for the country. Though Pakistan, has lately taken initiative but still there is dire need of tireless efforts to exploit this sector and to add more dimensions to attract the tourists. No proper attention was paid to harness the God gifted opportunity to earn more and more foreign tourists and foreign exchange which would open up new vistas of employment in the tourism sector. Moreover the tourists may find and explore the market of their interest in Pakistan. Involvement of private sector was important to give boost to tourism. Private sector should be given not only tax exemption but they also should be provided with vast opportunities to invest and they must be facilitated also in terms of money; a network of five stars hotels and motels should be constructed at all tourists’ spots and tourist operators may be provided necessary facilities, which on the one hand helped reduce unemployment while on the other harness foreign exchange. Private sector should take initiative to develop and exploit all tourist attraction and historical location in the province, which unfortunately, has suffered due to negative concept about its law and order. Good hotel industry acceptable to the international standards would give boost to the tourist industry, which has suffered because of a number of reasons and one of them was lack of proper accommodation for local as well as foreign tourists. At present there are about 4000 to 4500 rooms available in five star hotels throughout Pakistan, which were insufficient to the demand.
Countries with the facility of Visa Arrival for Group Tourism through Tour Operators: Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, UK, USA. What to See in Pakistan Pakistan is a destination of special interest for travelers and tourists. Its main attractions include Adventure tourism in Northern Areas. Cultural and archaeological tourism as found at Taxila, Moenjodaro, Harappa, Swat, along the Karakoram Highway, and early Muslim and Mughal heritage of Multan, Lahore, Thatta and Peshawar. From the mighty Karakorams in the North to the vast alluvial delta of the Indus River in the South, Pakistan remains a land of high adventure and nature. Trekking, mountaineering, white water rafting, wild boar hunting, mountain and desert jeep safari, camel and yak safari, trout fishing and bird watching, are among the few activities that entice the adventure and nature lovers to Pakistan. Places of tourist attractions of Pakistan is as follows:Places of Tourists Attractions in Pakistan Archaeological Museums Archaeological Museum of Balochistan, Off: Fatima Jinnah Road, Quetta. Archaeological Museum Banbhore, Thatta. Archaeological Museum Harappa, Distt. Sahiwal. Archaeological Museum Moenjodaro, Distt Larkana. Archaeological Museum Saidu Sharif, Swat. Archaeological Museum Taxila, District Rawalpindi. Archaeological Museum Umerkot, Distt Tharparkar. National Museum of Pakistan, Burns Gardens, Karachi. Sibi Museum, Sibi.
University Museums: Archaeological Museum, Department of History, Karachi University. Archaeological Museum, Department of Archaeology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro. Page 17
Archaeological Museum, University of Peshawar. Command and Staff College Museum, Staff College Road, Quetta. Geological Survey of Pakistan Museum, University of Balochistan, Quetta. Provincial Museums: Allama Iqbal Museum, Lahore. Armoury Museum and Sikh Gallery Old Fort, Lahore. Atiyya Faizi Art Gallery, Ingle Road, Karachi. Bahawalpur Museum, Bahawalpur, Bhitshah Cultural Museum, Hala, Matiari, Sindh. Chughtai Museum, Lahore. Dir Museum, Chakdara, Dir, Faqir Khana Museum, Lahore. Industrial and Commercial Museum, Lahore. Lahore Museum, Lahore. Mughal Museum, Old Fort, Lahore. Mangla Dam Museum, Mangla. National Museum of Natural History, Islamabad. Pakistan Air Force Museum, Peshawar. Pakistan Army Museum, Rawalpindi. Pakistan Folk Art Museum, Islamabad. Pakistan Forest Museum, Peshawar. Pakistan Navy Museum, Karachi. Peshawar Museum, Peshawar. Quaid-e-Azam, Birth Place Museum, Kharadar, Karachi. Quaid-e-Azam’s Relics Museum, Karachi. Shakir Ali residence Museum, Lahore. Sindh Provincial Museum, Hyderabad. Talpur House Museum, Hyderabad.
Historical Places Wazir Mansion, Karachi. Quaid-e-Azam Mazar, Karachi. Kotri Barrage, Hyderabad. Hyderabad Fort, Hyderabad. Kot Diji, Khairpur. Lloyd Barrage, Sukkur Lansdown Bridge, Sukkur/Rohri. Minaret of Masum Shah, Sukkur. Sattein Jo Aastan ( Place of seven female friends), Sukkur. Page 18
Sadh Belo ( Hindu Pilgrimage Area) Sukkur. Makli Hills, Thatta. Badshahi Mosque, Lahore. Lahore Fort, Lahore. Minar-e-Pakistan, Lahore. Fort Mounde Shahid, Bahawalpur Derawar Fort, Bahawalpur Fort Munro, D.G. Khan. Rohtas Fort, Jehlum Balahisar Fort, Peshawar. Kharfocho Fort, Khaplu, Ghanche. Hunza Fort, Hunza Valleys Chitral Hunza Skardu Swat Gilgit Nagar Kaghan Ghizir Urak Kashmir Khaplu Pishin Passes
Lak Pass (Kalat & Quetta) Bolan Pass (Sibi & Quetta) Khojak Pass (Pak - Afghan Border) Khyber Pass (Pak - Afghan Border) Khunjerab Pass (Pak - China Border) Darra (Kohat Pass) Babusar Pass (Kaghan – Gilgit) National Parks: Kirther National Park, Dadu. Hazarganji Chiltan National Park. Karkhasa Park. Dhrun, Balochistan. Hingol, Balochistan. Zoological Garden, Bahawalpur. Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur. Shalamar Garden, Lahore. Jallo Park, Lahore. Changa Manga Park, Lahore. Kallar Kahar Park, Chakwal. Ayub National Park, Rawalpindi. Chattar Park, Islamabad. Page 19
Margallah Hills, Islamabad.
Khunjerab, Northern Areas. Deserts:
Cholistan, Punjab. Thar, Sindh Thal, Punjab Sehan, Balochistan.
Lakes: Hana – Quetta, Balochistan. Keenjhar – Thatta, Sindh. Haleji – Karachi, Sindh. Mancher – Sehwan Sharif, Dadu, Sindh. Kalri – Thatta, Sindh. Kachura – Skardu, Northern Areas. Satpara – Skardu, Northern Areas. Saif-ul-Maluk – Naran, Mansehra, NWFP. Beaches:
Hawkes Bay, Karachi. Sandspit, Karachi. Paradise Point, Karachi. Clifton, Karachi. French (Haji Abdullah Goth), Karachi.
Gadani – Balochistan. Muslim Shrines: Abdullah Shah Ghazi, Karachi. Sachal Sar Mast, Draza Sharif, Khairpur. Bhitshah, Hala, Matiari. Sehwan Sharif, Dadu. Uch Sharif, Bhawalpur. Shah Rukan-e-Alam, Multan. Baha-ud-Din Zakaria, Multan. Shah Shams Tabrez, Multan. Data Ganj Bakhsh, Lahore. Jahangir’s Tomb, Lahore. Nur Jhan’s Tomb, Lahore. Baba Bulhe Shah, Kasur. Pir Waris Shah, Jandiala Sher Khan, Sheikhpura. Shah Abdul Latif, Islamabad. Pir Mehar Ali Shah, Golra Sharif, slamabad. Mohra Sharif, Murree. Page 20
Ziarat Pir Baba, Swat.
Non-Muslim Shrines Hindu Shrines Temple at Katas Temple at Makot Siv Ganga Temple Temple of Hinglaj, Balochistan
Buddhist Shrines Taxila Peshawar Charsada Swat Gilgit Hunza Skardu
Sikh Shrines Gurdwaras Nankana Sahib Rohri Sahib Punja Sahib, Hasanabdal. Famous Hill Stations & Mountain Valleys. Murree Islamabad, Abbottabad & AJK. 2,290 Ayubia Islamabad, via Murree & abbottabad,400 Thandiani Abbottabad 2,500 Kaghan Valley Balakot, Mansehra 2,134 Swat Valley Peshawar/Islamabad 900-2,100 Hunza Valley Peshawar/Islamabad 2,440 Gilgit Valley Peshawar/Islamabad 1,454 Chitral Valley Peshawar/Islamabad. 1,300 Skardu Peshawar/Islamabad 2,440 Ziarat Quetta & Loralai 2,450
Major Peaks of Pakistan Sr. No Mountain Height (M) Range Group District Page 21
1. Chogori/K-2 8,611 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 2. Nanga Parbat 8,125 Himalayas Diamer Diamer 3. Gasherbrum No.1/ Hidden Peak 8,068 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 4. Falchan Kangri/Broad Peak 8,047 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 5. Gasherbrum No. II 8,035 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 6. Broad Peak Middle/Central 8,016 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 7. Gasherbrum No.III 7,952 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 8. Gasherbrum No. IV 7,925 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 9. Distaghil Sar Main 7,885 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 10. Kunyang Chhish/Main 7,852 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 11. Masherbrum NE/(K-1) 7,821 Karakoram Bagrot Gilgit 12. Masherbrum 7,806 Karakoram Bagrot Gilgit 13. Rakaposhi 7,788 Karakoram Bagrot Gilgit 14. Batura No.1 7,785 Karakoram Batura Mustagh Gilgit 15. Batura II 7,762 Karakoram Batura Mustagh Gilgit 16. Distaghil Sar No.II 7,760 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 17. Kanjut Sar No. I 7,760 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 18. Masherbrum W 7,750 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 19. Saltoro Kangri No.1 7,742 Karakoram Soltoro Gaunche 20. Batura III 7,729 Karakoram Batura Mustagh Gilgit 21. Trivor/Peak No. 8 7,720 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 22. Tirich Mir (Main) 7,708 Hindukush Hindukush Chitral 23. Saltoro Kangri II 7,706 Karakoram Soltoro Gaunche 24. Chhaltoro Gang R 1 N 7,705 Karakoram Soltoro Gaunche 25. Distaghil Sar (E) 7,700 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 26. Tirich Mir (East) 7,692 Hindukush Hindukush Chitral 27. Saser Kangri 1 7,672 Karakoram Siachen(disputed) Gaunche 28. Chogolisa No. 1 SW/E 7,665 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 29. Chogolisa No. II/NE 7,654 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 30. Yukshin Garden Sar 7,641 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 31. Kunyang Chhich (S) 7,620 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 32. Shispare Sar 7,611 Karakoram Batura Mustagh Gilgit 33. Batura IV 7,594 Karakoram Batura Mustagh Gilgit 34. Broad Peak (N) 7,550 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 35. Skyang Kangri No. 1 7,544 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 36. Batura V 7,531 Karakoram Batura Mustagh Gilgit 37. Yakshin Gardaan No.1 7,530 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 38. Mamostong Kangri 7,516 Karakoram Soltoro Gaunche 39. Saser Kangri E 7,513 Karakoram Siachen(disputed) Gaunche 40. Tirich Mir (West II) 7,500 Hindukush Hindukush Chitral 41. Skyang Kangri No. II 7,500 Karakoram Boltoro Skardu 42. Kunyang Chhish (W) 7,500 Karakoram Hispar Gilgit 43. Saser Kangri II W 7,500 Karakoram Siachen(disputed) Gaunche Source: Alpine Club of Pakistan.
www.pakistantourism.gov.pk www.tourism.com.pk www.un.org.pk/unic/pdf/tourism.htm www.pakistan.gov.pk/divisions/tourism-division/media/Toruism(wup)(Folder-II).pdf www.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=1006060227489
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