The main configuration of equipments inside the BTS are : 1. Main Processor Unit 2. Clock Source 3. Interface Unit 4. Base band Unit 5. Power Supply Unit 6. RF Unit 7. Antenna
Main Processor Unit The functions of this unit are as a brain for the BTS: · BTS initialization and self-testing · configuration · O&M signaling · software download · collection and management of external and internal alarms Clock Source Unit The basic function of this unit is like a heart for the BTS: · Deliver a stable clocking pulse to all digital equipment inside BTS. Interface Unit Interface unit have function to translate between Source data which has specific Electrical Standard (E1, T1 or IP) to digital data and this data will deliver to other digital unit to be next processed Base Band Unit In the base band unit, the digital data will be processed and following the GSM standard, this unit creates a data which ready to be feed to RF Unit. Power Supply Unit The basic function of power supply unit is like a stomach for the BTS which produce a power for whole equipments in the BTS. With input the AC voltage like food in the human and produce DC voltage as a power. Power consumption of 1 Macro Outdoor BTS which have 6 Transceivers Unit is around 1500 Watt.
have a function to convert electrical signal to electromagnetic signal.
The real examples of BTS is shown bellow:
The configuration of 4+4+4. In 4+4+4 cong.
This means a BTS consist 4TRX per sector and there is 3 sectors in a BTS.Signal (air interface signal) following the GSM Standard.. Here 4+4+4 con. CAIT.vertical polarization. wcdma. CNT
What are the different types of GSM antenna?
Directional antenna and Omni directional antenna
At Base station Side: Directional Antenna At Customer Side: Omni Directional antenna ANDREW (65*.When interference is occur in voltages it affect only positive pulse not in negative
. According to TRX BTS divided into three slot 1 is called alpha 2 is called beta and 3 is called Gama. means it has 3 Duplexers and each is connected to 4 Trx
What are the various telecom testing tools used for testing the gsm.t rau protocol
GSM. TIL-TEK.TEMS WCDMA--> Agilent.. ALGON. Antenna Unit Antenna as a traditional unit. gprs. antenna height and antenna tilting influence the radiation pattern of cell. This signal type is still as an electrical signal. at a time 12 trx is worked it means that 4trx in each slot In this it has 3 sector and 12 trx.
why -48 v is given to bts?
-48 v is given to bts because in this voltage Noise generation is minimum. Combination of horizontal .RF Unit RF Unit converts the digital signal to Radio Frequency --RF-. This unit is very important unit for creating cell dimension. 90*) KATHREIN. atm.
So the Telecom equipments are fed with Negative supply Voltage
What is the function of Duplexer?
DUPLEXER IS A DEVICE WHICH IS USED IN BTS TO USE SAME ANTENNA FOR TRANSMISSION AS WELL AS RECEPTION AT THE SAME TIME..To prevent the equipments from lightning strokes.. Because the cloud is negatively charged at bottom it requires a zero or a positive potential to discharge. this could damage the entire setup of Telecom equipments. The basic differences of GPRS and GSM are Circuit Switched and Packet Swiched (shown bellow). Faster Session Start
. and it selects the ground (Zero potential) to discharge.. If the Telecom Equipments are fed with positive the cloud will choose the low resistance tallest positively charged Antenna's to discharge. GPRS give a lower prices rather than High Speed Circuit Data 4.noise occur only in the +ive terminal...that’s why we use -ive voltage. SO ANTENNA HAS TWO CABLE ONE FOR Tx & Rx WHICH CONNECT WITH DUPLEXER. Higher Speed 5.
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented Mobile Data Service available to users of Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and IS-136 mobile phones.. From Mobile Station (MS) or Mobile Equipment (ME) to Base Transceiver Station is using one network.
Data as a packet switched and voice as a circuit switched is using the same resource of several equipments in the GSM Network. Detail picture which describe this statement is shown bellow
Why GPRS is needed? 1. “Because 2terminalcomesout from the battery and through red wire we ground the +ive terminal so that possibility of noise interference will get zero.terminal so if we make positive common then no interference occur And we get pure -48 volts without any interference. Architecture of both GSM & GPRS Network is shown above. It provides data rates from 56 up to 114 kbit/s.. GPRS is charged by bit transfered 3. GPRS make possible to get always connected connection 2.
It is the process to bring the microwave antenna fairly parallel to the other antenna.It is bidirectional device that receives signals at 13 kbps and transmits at 16 kbps What is word alignment? IT IS A PROCESS IN WE ADJUST MICROWAVE ANTENNA IN SUCH A WAY THAT WE GET THE DESIRED RX LEVEL. is basically interface between M.The logical structure for GPRS Network is shown here
What is the general function of a BTS? BTS comprises of a combination of RF equipment..
.S & BSC . At what Frequency voice is sampled ? It is sampled at 8Khz as per Sampling theorem to reproduce successfully in the other end..