Social History of Art Key Thinkers and Concepts Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: A.

Historical Materialism - events are caused by material conditions - dialectical materialism - Based on Hegelian dialectics (thesissynthesis-antithesis) B. Economic determinism - factor affecting mode of production C. Base and superstructure D. Social being determines consciousness E. False consciousness Louis Althusser: A. Ideology – the imaginary relationship of the individuals to the real conditions of existence B. Ideological State Apparatus (ISA) C. Repressive State Apparatus (RSA)

Theodor Adorno: A. Culture Industry B. Commodity Fetishism C. Standardization Social History in Art (Key Ideas) • Influences in art • Methods were sociological The Limits of Sociology the generalization of an art style in a certain period was limiting to the other styles in the same era sociology fails to explain the connections between artistic quality and popularity sociology doesn’t explain artistic quality

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Antonio Gramsci: A. Hegemony B. Domination and Intellectual and moral Leadership C. Dominant and Subordinate D. Incorporation and Resistance




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E. Traditional and Organic Intellectuals

Focus on context than art for art sake Art was used in promoting values desired by the dominant structure art as a tool of the ruling class standardization and pseudoindividualization thesis and antithesis culture serves to protect society historical art within the social context art’s role in the struggle of the proletariat to overcome capitalist oppressors means of art production social conditions of the artist affects the works genius is patterned to the society (Hauser) art as an expression of ideology conditions and relations of artistic production

• artist and form is displaced .