Is s ue # 11 - M arch 2008

TH E IND E PE ND E NT M AGAZ INE FO R TH E UBUNTU CO M M UNITY

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W H ICH IS RIGH T FOR YOU?

L ENO V 3000 C200 L O APTO P AND REA V ERI

L INUX M INT v UBUNTU s

TRUECRYPT O N UBUNTU IPO D CL ASSIC AND AM ARO K INTRO D UCTIO N TO L ATEX CREATE YO UR O W N SERV 3 ER

L INUX M INT v UBUNTU - W H ICH s D ISTRO SUITS YO U BETTER?

IPOD & AM AR OK
GE T YOU R IPOD CL S S IC/NANO A W OR K ING W ITH AM AR OK
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TR U E CR YPT
K E E P YOU R INFOR M ATION S E CU R E

F l ulCircl m agazine is not af il e d w it or e ndors e d by Canonical t e f iat h L d.

p.04

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w w w .f u llc i r c le m a g a z i n e .o r g
P. 08 P. 12 P. 06

L inux M int v Ubunt s u T Crypt on Ubunt rue u Ipod Cl s ic and Am arok as Int roduct ion t L e X o aT Se rv r Se rie s - P e art 3 : L nov 3000 C200 e o : Y Us e Ubunt ou u : A Kid's St ory : Andre a V ri e

p.06 p.08 p.12 p.16 p.18 p.20 p.23 p.24 p.25 p.27 p.28 p.29 p.31 p.32

: Pl f at orm Gam e s

p.33 p.35

P. 16

P. 8 1

P. 20

P.33

Th e art e s cont icl aine d in t is m agazine are re las e d unde r t e Cre at e Com m ons At ribut h e h iv t ion-By-Sh are Al e 3.0 ik Unport d l ns e . Th is m e ans you can adapt copy, dis t e ice , ribut and t e rans m it t e art e s but onl unde r t e f l ing h icl y h ol ow condit ions : Y m us t at ribut t e w ork t t e original h or in s om e w ay (at las t a nam e , e m ail URL and t t is ou t e h o h aut e or ) o h m agazine by nam e ('f l ulcircl m agazine ') and t e URLw w w .f l e m agazine .org (but not at ribut t e art e (s ) in any w ay t at e h ul circl t e h icl h s ugge s t t at t e y e ndors e you or your us e of t e w ork ). And If you al r, t s h h h t e rans f orm , or buil upon t is w ork , you m us t dis t d h ribut t e e h re s ul t ing w ork unde r t e s am e , s im il or a com pat e l ns e . h ar ibl ice

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ED I O R I L T A

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e l e t anot e r is s ue of com o h

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Th is m agazine w as cre at d us ing : e

I h ope you'v l t ne d t t e e is e o h . Epis ode 1 is av abl f ail e rom our w e bs it (w w w .f l e m agazine .org). Init e ul circl ial com m e nt h av be e n pos it e and I'm s ure ov r t e it w ile v v int s e iv e im l ole o af ine podcas t Ev n . e w as n't pe rf ct on it f t e 's irs out ing! Spe ak ing of w h ich : April our f t anniv rs ary is s ue . Th at righ t is irs e 's , is a w h ol e 12 m ont s ol I am in t e proce s s of gat e ring l s and inf h d! h h ink orm at ion about t e birt of h h , and s om e s t is t on h ow of e n t e at ics t h m agazine is dow nl oade d and f rom w h e re . And, due t publ de m and, o ic w e w ilbe s t ing a s e rie s of art e s on us ing GIM P l art icl . L t m ont , w e s h ow e d you h ow t com pil s ource code . Th is m ont as h o e h I dis cus s h ow I got m y w ork ing w it h by com pil ing te h l ibrary. Ne xt m ont Andre w M in w ilt k about t e h lal h re s ul t ing .de b f e s and h ow be s t t dis t il o ribut t e m . e h I h ope you e nj t is m ont 's is s ue and re m e m be r, w e 're onl an oy h h y e m ail ay. O r v it us at Ubunt orum s .org > 3rd P y P e ct . aw is uF art roj s

Ubunt is a com plt ope rat u e e ing s ys t m t at is pe rf ct f l ops , e h e or apt de s k t ops and s e rv rs . W h e t e r at e h h om e , s ch ool w ork Ubunt or u cont ains alt e appl ions you'l lh icat l e v r ne e d incl e uding w ord proce s s or, e m ail appl ion and w e b brow s e r icat . Y do not pay any ou l ns ing f e s . Y can dow nl ice e ou oad, us e and s h are Ubunt w it your u h f nds , f il s ch ool bus ine s s rie am y, or f abs ol e l not ing. or ut y h O nce ins t ld, your s ys t m is re ady al e e t us e w it a f l e t of product it o h uls iv y, int rne t draw ing and graph ics e , appl ions , and gam e s . icat

Edit F l or, ulCircl M agazine e ronnie @ f l e m agazine .org ul circl

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NEW S
Ubuntu 8. Intre pid Ibe x 10
H ardy is now pas t f at e ure f e ze and it re 's t e t st im o art pl anning f at s t at e ure h are be ing l d ine up f incl ion af e r Ubunt 8.04 L or us t u TS is re las e d in AprilTh e re las e , w h ich e . e is pl anne d f O ct or obe r 2008, w ilbe l nam e d " re pid Ibe x" and w ilm os t Int , l l e l be v rs ion 8.10. ik y e Th e de s k t w ilonce again be a f op l ocal point as t e t am w ork s t re -e ngine e r h e o t e us e r's int ract h e ion m ode l o t at s h Ubunt w ork s as w e lon a h igh -e nd u l w ork s t ion as w e las it doe s on a s ubat l not book . A part ar f e icul ocus w ilbe l pe rv iv int rne t acce s s - t e abily as e e h it t t int bandw idt w h e ne v r and o ap o h e w h e re v r you h appe n t be . Th e abily e o it t m ov f o e rom t e of ice , t t e t h f o h rain, and h om e , s t aying conne ct d alt e e lh w ay, w ilbe a t priorit Ubunt 8.10 l op y. u w ilbe t e nint re las e , and t e f l h h e h ourt h anniv rs ary of t e f t re las e - 4.10. e h irs e Ubunt W e e k l Ne w s # 79 u y h t ps :/ w ik i.ubunt t / u.com / Ubunt e e k l uW y Ne w s lt e r e t

F e lre e t e m ail w s s t e f o ne orie s t ne w s @ f l e m agazine .org o: ul circl Plas e incl a s ource URL e ude .

L inux Cl nt f Sav ie or age 2: A Torture d Soul
Inde pe nde nt gam e de v l r e ope S2 Gam e s t oday announce d t e re las e h e of t e h h igh l ant y icipat d L e inux cl nt f ie or .L inux gam e rs can dow nl t e cl nt and oad h ie s ign-up f a f e account at or re w w w .s 2gam e s .com . Th e original age : A Bat l f Sav t e or Ne w e rt w on Inde pe nde nt Gam e of t e h h Y ar in 2004. Sav e age 2 buil on ds e lm e nt de f d in t e f t gam e t e s ine h irs o int roduce a w h ol ne w t e ype of gam e t at de f s ge nre . h ie s aid M arc D e F s t ore , co-f ounde r and lad de s igne r of S2 e Gam e s .

Ubuntu 8. L Be ta Re las e 04 TS e
Th e Ubunt t am is plas e d t announce u e e o t e be t re las e of Ubunt 8.04 L (L h a e u T ongT rm Support on de s k t and s e rv r e ) op e . Ubunt 8.04 L D e s k t Edit u TS op ion f at s e ure incre m e nt im prov m e nt t f il al e s o am iar appl ions , w it an e m ph as is on s t icat h abily it f t is s e cond Ubunt l or h u ong-t rm s upport e re las e . Ubunt 8.04 L s e rv r f l s in e u TS e ol ow t e f s t ps of Ubunt 7.10 w it e v n h oot e u h e m ore v ual ion s upport and s e curit irt izat y e nh ance m e nt - e nabl AppArm or f s ing or m ore appl ions by de f t im prov icat aul , ing prot ct e ion of k e rne l e m ory agains t m at ack s , and s upport t ing KV and iSCSI M t ch nol s out of t e box. Kubunt e ogie h u, Xubunt Ubunt udio, and M yt bunt are u, uSt h u alo av abl in Be t s ail e a. Kubunt 8.04 w ilcons is t of t o dif e re nt u l w f re las e s , t e com m e rcial s upport d one e h l y e f at e uring t e s t e KD E 3.5.9 de s k t and h abl op a re m ix f at e uring t e l e s t re las e of KD E h at e 4.0. H ardy H e ron w ilbe re las e d on 24t April l e h 2008 Ubunt W e e k l Ne w s u y h t p:/ f t / ridge .ubunt u.com

Bus ine s s W ire h t p:/ w w w .bus ine s s w ire .com t /

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NEW S
L inux in H e al care – El rl th de y Products
A com pany cal d Bl H e ron Ne t ork is l e ue w l ing t ards a L ook ow inux bas e d de v ice t o al v e s om e of t is burde n. Th e y are l iat e h l ing t cre at a ne w opport ook o e unit f y or L inux in t e ne xt ne rat h -ge ion h e al t h de v ice m ark e t w it a de v h ice cal d l e Re s ide @ H O M E M onit . or Th e de v ice is a "igh t e igh t Int rne t l w e de s k t e nv op ironm e nt t at abl t " h 's e o int grat a v e e arie t of s e rv s . It is y ice adm inis t re d re m ot l by t e e e y h care giv rs , w h ich coul be t e care e d h re cipie nt f il or a prof s s ional s am y e s e rv s com pany. W h e n it com e s t ice o as s is t ing t e e l rl w it t e ir h de y h h dim inis h ing h e al , t e m onit com e s t h h or w it a f l e t of t s t coach t e care h uls ool o h re ce iv r t rough t e ir e v ryday e h h e act it s . W h at m ak e s t is int re s t iv ie h e ing is t at t e de v h h ice is running Ubunt L u inux. Th e f t ge ne rat irs ion prot ype w as ot de v l d on a W indow s -bas e d .NET e ope st ack but t e n ch ange d t be ing L h o inuxbas e d and builupon f e s of w are . t re t :L inux W orl d h t p:/ w w w .l t / inuxw orl d.com

Ful Circl Gam e ath on! l e
So h e re ’ t e pl s h an: • Nam e a s e lct e ion of f e and ope n re s ource gam e s (m us t be onl ) t at w e ine h coul pl d ay. • t r a s h ort t e w e ’ pos t a polf Af e im l l lor v ing t e w inning gam e . O nce w e ot h h av a gam e , w e ’ h os t a F l e l l ulCircl e t ournam e nt . • e ’ s e t up a lade rboard, and w e W l l e com pe t f t e t l of e or h it e . W it t e h h m ont l w inne r be ing nam e d in FCM . h y • t e e nd of t e ye ar, t e pe rs on At h h h t at h as w on t e m os t m ont s w ilge t h h h l ! T nam e your pre f rre d gam e , v it o e is : h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl ab1b17

M ore Com pe tition f th e EEE PC or
M anuf ure r act ECS Ele group it is f ocus ing on a s ubnot book e t at e nt s h ice cus t e rs om w it s t h rong pe rf orm ance f unct ions and al arge s e lct e ion of port . Al ough w e w il s t h l s t l av t w ait f price s and re las e ilh e o or e dat s . e ECS h as alo s e t ld on Int l D iam ondv l s te e ’ s il e CPU, in com binat ion w it t e int grat d 9 45 h h e e GSE graph ic ch ip. Th e s cre e n s ize s are pl anne d t s om e w h at out t e Ee e : A l o do h arge v ariant s h oul of e r 10.2 inch e s , w h il t e d f e h s m al r m ode l s ize w as f t giv n at 8.9 l e ’ s irs e but t e n ch ange d t 8.2 inch e s . No h o inf orm at ion w as giv n re garding t e s cre e n e h re s ol ion. O ne h as t e ch oice be t e e n ut h w W indow s XP and L inux w it t e ope rat h h ing s ys t m s and a m axim um of 2 gigabyt s e e RAM . Th e int grat d w e bcam h as a 1.3 e e m e gapixe l s ol ion. W h il t e com put r’ re ut e h e s e xt rior m e as ure m e nt h av be e n put at e s e 259 x 180 x 28.5 m il e t s , inf l im re orm at ion about t e w e igh t re m ains unk now n. h : Ide al o.co.uk

D on't f orge t t at t e f t e pis ode h h irs of t e F l h ulCircl P e odcas t is now av abl f dow nl ail e or oad. h t p:/ w w w .f l e m agazine .org t / ul circl

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W rit e n by Robe rt Cl h am t ips

F AV R O FTH E M O NTH L O

F l ing on f ol ow rom l t m ont 's fav of t e m ont , t is m ont w e w ilbe com paring L as h l or h h h h l inux M int w it Ubunt Since L h u. inux M int is a de riv iv of Ubunt can it be be t e r t an Ubunt W e inv s t at e u, t h u? e igat . e

t e y bot of e r t e KD E and XFCE h h f h pack age s as s e parat dow nl e oads . M int alo of e rs Fl s f uxbox (av abl in ail e t e Ubunt re pos it h u orie s , but not e nabld by de f t e aul ). Th e re are , h ow e v r, a l of e ot dif e re nce s be t e e n Ubunt and f w u M int F e xam pl, M int onl s upport . or e y s t e x86 arch it ct h e ure (32-bit s o you ), w on't be abl t t e adv age of e o ak ant 64-bit appl ions . Ubunt of e rs 64icat u f bit as a s e parat dow nl e oad, al ing l ow you t t e adv age of 64-bit o ak ant appl ions . Non ope n-s ource icat m ul e dia code cs are ins t ld by t im al e de f t in M int but m us t be ins t ld aul , al e s e parat l in Ubunt W h il s uch e y u. e de f t ins t l ions are inde e d aul al at conv nie nt t e y m ay be il gal e , h l e in s om e count s . rie Som e of t e k e y f at s of M int h e ure are it s e t of de s k t appl ions t s op icat o

T

s im ply t e us e r's e xpe rie nce . if h M int incl s appl ions s uch ude icat as M int is k f m ount D or ing NTF S part ions in re ad/ rit m ode it w e aut at l (as doe s Ubunt om ical y u) and M int if w h ich giv s you an W i, e e as y w ay t conf o igure your w ire ls s card, e v n w it out an e e h int rne t conne ct e ion. If you h av e a ne t ork w it PCs running w h W indow s , t e n M int e s k t w il h D op l be a w e l e appl ion t at com icat h

o be gin w it , w e w ill at h look t e s im il ie s be t e e n t e h arit w h t o. Ubunt (abov ) and w u e M int (righ t us e t e s am e ) h re pos it orie s and s h are a l of ot s of w are . Th is m e ans t at any t h pack age you h av on Ubunt w il e u l al os t ce rt m ainl w ork w it M int y h . Th e y bot us e t e de f t GNO M E h h aul de s k t e nv op ironm e nt and l ook re as onabl s im il . If you pre f r, y ar e

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M int e nu (f righ t w h ich al you M ar ), l ow t e as il conf o y igure M int m e nu and 's de s k t op, al ong w it ot e r GNO M E h h s e t ings . t If you ne e d an e f ort e s s f l dis t ribut ion t at h andls m ul e dia h e t im

and w ire ls s out of t e box, t e n e h h M int is t e dis t h ribut ion f you. If or , h ow e v r, you ne e d 64 bit or e , w ant a h uge ne t ork of w com m unit s upport t e n Ubunt y , h u is t e be t e r of t e t o. h t h w

w ilaut at l conf l om ical y igure your s ys t m t brow s e s h are d f de rs e o ol on W indow s w it out f t ne e ding h irs t s e t up Sam ba. M int alo o s incl s M int ude Conf (abov ) and ig e

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W rit e n by J Be rry t oe

H O W - TO

TRUECRYP O N UBUNTU T

At las t once a m ont w e re ad in t e ne w s pape r about anot e r im port e h h h ant l op be ing s t e n. W e t e n f apt ol h ind out t at t is l op h h apt cont aine d t e nam e s of 20,000 e m pl e s or cus t e rs , incl h oye om uding s ocial e curit num be rs , bank -account num be rs and ot e r priv e -s y h at inf orm at ion. W e s m il t ours e le s t ink ing t at w e ce rt e o v h h ainl w oul y dn't do anyt ing s o s t h upid as t lav pe rs onalpriv e inf o e e , at orm at ion av abl f any m is cre ant t h arv s t Righ t M aybe not Is your l op re al prot ct d in a w ay t at if it s t e n, no pe rs onal ail e or o e . ? . apt l y e e h , 's ol inf orm at ion w oul be glane d? d e

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y ow n l op cont apt ains al l m y h om e f inancial re cords , incl uding account num be rs , pas s w ord-acce s s inf orm at ion, e t I alo h av c. s e pas s w ord inf orm at ion f ot e r or h onl account . In addit ine s ion, I s av copie s of pe rs onale t e rs I e lt h av m aild out in t e pas t Alof e e h . l t is inf h orm at ion is v ry priv e , e at and I ce rt ainl do not w ant it in y t e h ands of a bad guy. So h ow h doe s one prot ct t is inf e h orm at ion w it out inv s t h e ing s ignif icant e f ort f and t e ? im Th e ans w e r, of cours e , is a s of w are pack age cal d t l e T Crypt Th e f l ing rue . ol ow e xpl anat ion com e s f rom t e h T Crypt Us e r Guide int rue roduct ion:

W h e n you s e t up a T Crypt rue v um e , you are e s s e nt l ol ial y de f ining and cre at ing a f e il (cal d a cont l e aine r in T Crypt rue t rm inol e ogy) w h ich w ilbe l m ount d as a f e s ys t m . Y e il e ou acce s s (i.e . m ount t e ) h f e s ys t m by e nt ring t e il e e h corre ct pas s w ord. F rom t at h point on, you can acce s s any f e il in t e f e s ys t m / h il e cont aine r as

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you w oul any f e in any ot e r d il h f e s ys t m . Th e s of w are doe s f il e t ar m ore t an t is ;it h as m any h h addit ionale at s w h ich are f ure be yond t e s cope of t is art e . h h icl O ne int re s t e ing f at e ure w ort h not ing is t e “ h idde n v um e ” . h ol L t s ay you are be ing f e 's orce d t o unl your cont ock aine r (s om e one h as a gun point d at you). Th e e h idde n v um e f at ol e ure al s you l ow t unl your cont o ock aine r and s h ow t e pe rpe t or t e h rat h unl e d v um e w it out ock ol h re v al t at t e re is re al a e ing h h l y s e cond v um e (w it alt e re al ol h lh dat in it h idde n unde r t e a ) h cov rs . W it out k now ing of it e h s e xis t nce , you w oul ne v r be e d e abl t de duce t at it e xis t . It e o h s 's w ort w h il s pe nding s om e t e h e im re ading t e 9 2-page us e r m anual h t at com e s w it t e s of w are . h h h t T Crypt is av abl on L rue ail e inux as w e las W indow s , bot in binary l h and s ource . T ins t l rue Crypt on o alT Ubunt you ne e d t go t t e u, o o h T Crypt dow nl w e b s it : rue oad e h t p:/ w w w .t crypt t / rue .org/ dow nl oad s .ph p. Go t t e L o h inux t and ab ch oos e " Ubunt (x86)" Y w il u . ou l e nd up dow nl oading f e t crypt il rue -

5.0-ubunt u-x86.t .gz. T m ak e le ar o if s im pl, s av t e f e t your de s k t e e h il o op. O nce s av d, doubl cl on t e f e e e ick h il icon;t e Gnom e arch iv m anage r, h e F e Rol r, w ilope n up a w indow il l e l s h ow ing t e cont nt of t is t .gz h e s h ar f e . O ne of t e f e s you w ils e e is il h il l t crypt rue _5.0-0_i386.de b. D rag t is h f e t t e de s k t and doubl-cl il o h op e ick on t e f e icon. Th e pack age h il ins t lr w ilappe ar Cl on t e al e l . ick h “ Ins t l ack age ” but on and s it back alP t f a f w m om e nt w h il T Crypt or e s e rue ins t l it e l al s f s .

Now t at T Crypt is h rue ins t ld, lt cre at a T Crypt al e e 's e rue cont aine r Re m e m be r, t is . h cont aine r w il w h e n prope rl l , y se t up, l l e a f e s ys t m ook ik il e w h e n m ount d. St T Crypt e art rue by f t ope ning a com m and irs s h e l(Appl ions > Acce s s orie s l icat > T rm inal Ent r t e com m and: e ). e h truecrypt Th e dial box (be l lf ) w il og ow e t l appe ar . F rom t e m e nu, s e lct h e V um e s > Cre at Ne w V um e . ol e ol A s e cond dial box w ilappe ar: og l

Se lct Ne xt Th e t ird dial e . h og box appe ars . H e re you e nt r t e e h nam e of t e f e t at you w ant t h il h o cre at f h ol e or ding t e e ncrypt d h e f e s ys t m . Th e n h it t e Ne xt il e h but on. t

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In t is dial you s pe cif t e h og, y h pas s w ord you w ilus e t ope n and l o al acce s s t t e cont nt of t e l ow o h e s h e ncrypt d cont e aine r Re ad t e t xt . h e accom panying t e dial box f h og or adv ice on ch oos ing a good pas s w ord. O nce s e lct d, h it t e Ne xt but on. e e h t

v um e . Again, you s h oul re ad ol d t e ins t h ruct ions t at appe ar in h t e ne w dial box. Es s e nt l h og ial y, you s h oul w iggl t e m ous e d e h ins ide t e dial box t h e l h og o p cre at random digit t at e s h T Crypt us e s t cre at t e rue o e h e ncrypt d v um e . e ol

Y w ilt e n be as k e d h ow ou lh l arge t m ak e t is f e / o h il cont aine r I . h av ch os e n 1GB. e

Th e f l ing dial box as k s you ol ow og f t e f e s ys t m t or h il e ype t us e . Th e o onl av abl opt y ail e ion is F . J t h it AT us t e Ne xt but on again. h t Th e ne xt dial box al s you og l ow t s pe cif w h ich k ind of o y e ncrypt ion al gorit m t us e w h e n h o e ncrypt ing t e cont nt of t e h e s h cont aine r Y can re ad about t e . ou h v arious opt ions in t e T Crypt h rue Us e r's Guide . L av t e de f t e e h aul s as t e y are and h it t e Ne xt h h but on. t

Th e l t dial box is onl a as og y progre s s m e t r t at s h ow s e h T Crypt f rue orm at ing t e v um e . t h ol O nce com plt , you can t e a e e ak l at t e f e t at w as cre at d. ook h il h e Not h ow w e can “ m ount our e ” ne w f e s ys t m w it t e il e h h com m and ' ' in our s h e l l .

At t is point T Crypt h as alt e h , rue lh inf orm at ion it ne e ds t cre at t e o e h

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Al rnat e l you can us e t e GUI t e iv y, h (t e f t dial box t at cam e up h irs og h w h e n you e nt re d ' e ') t o m ount t e f e as a f e s ys t m . I did h il il e not ice one “ got a” w it t is ne w ch h h v rs ion of T Crypt O nce you e xit e rue . out of t e graph ical e rf , you h int ace w oul t ink t at t e program , d h h h t crypt w oul t rm inat . It rue , d e e doe s n't A Ct -C in t e t rm inal . rl h e is ne e de d t k ilt crypt o lrue . T unm ount t e f e s ys t m (be o h il e s ure you h av no ope n f e s in t e e il h f e s ys t m t at are be ing acce s s e d) il e h e xe cut t e f l ing com m and: e h ol ow truecrypt -d /joe0 or w h ich e v r dire ct e ory you m ount d e t e T Crypt cont h rue aine r ont o. As a f inalouch , lt aut at t e 's om e our t k of m ount as ing t e T Crypt h rue f e s ys t m . W e ce rt il e ainl don't w ant y t h av t ope n a t rm inal indow o e o e w and e xe cut t e t crypt com m and e h rue e ach t e w e w ant t acce s s our im o f e s ys t m . W e j t w ant t doublil e us o e cl on an icon. W it your m ous e ick h ov r a bl are a on t e Gnom e e ank h de s k t op, righ t ick and s e lct -cl e “ Cre at L e aunch e r . A dial w il ...” og l

appe ar (s e e t e il t ion h l rat us be l ). F “ Com m and” , e nt r ow or e t e f l ing t crypt h ol ow rue com m and: /usr/bin/truecrypt /home/joe/tmp/testtruecrypt/MySecretVol /joe0

W h e n t e abov t crypt h e rue com m and is e xe cut d t m ount e o t e f e s ys t m , a dial pops up h il e og re q ue s t ing t at you e nt r t e h e h pas s w ord t at you de f d e arl r h ine ie . Not t at w e are m ount e h ing t e h v um e on dire ct ol ory /oe 0. F t is j or h t w ork , t e dire ct o h ory m us t h av e be e n pre v ious l cre at d. If you do y e not s pe cif a dire ct y ory, a de f t aul dire ct ory is us e d.

W h e n you cl on t is icon, a ick h t rm inal indow w ilt m poraril e w le y appe ar, f l e d by our dial ol ow og box re q ue s t ing t at t e h h pas s w ord f t is cont or h aine r be e nt re d. O nce t e pas s w ord h as e h be e n e nt re d t e w indow w il e h l cl e . In a s im il m anne r, you os ar can cre at a l e aunch e r f or unm ount ing t e f e s ys t m . h il e Th at alt e re is t it P 's lh o . ract ice by cre at ing a s m alT Crypt l rue cont aine r - unt you f e l il e com f abl w it t e int rf , ort e h h e ace and k now t at t e dat is s af , h h a e ye t acce s s ibl. e

11

W rit e n by Ronnie T e r t uck

H O W - TO

I O D CL SSI A ND A M A RO K P A C
t e iP s t l pl d t at it h ad no h od ildis aye h m us ic l oade d. Nice t no go. W e ry; now ne e d t dow nl and un-TAR o oad te l h ibgpod s ource (f rom Source f orge .ne t w h ich can be f ) ound at :
h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 1a57cd

F

orgiv m e , Rich ard St l an! e al m I w as t m pt d by v ue f e e al or m one y. I w as in ne e d of a ne w M P3 pl r and s aw an 80GB aye Bl iP Cl s ic f £160 ack od as or (~ $ 300). Th e onl s nag w as t at y h it w as a 6t Ge ne rat h ion iP od, and Appl al re d 6G iP e t e ods t w ork o onl w it iT y h une s (l ing out us ock L inux us e rs ). But f ar not Th e e ! l e s t updat t l at e o ibgpod al s l ow t e iP and Am arok t s h are h od o s om e M P3 l e . ov Ne xt problm is t at it is e h ne ce s s ary t com pil l o e ibgpod f rom s ource , w h ich is s om e t ing I h h ad ne v r done be f . But w it e ore h t e h e l of a f w t re ads f h p e h rom Ubunt F u orum s , I w as abl t ge t e o m y iP Cl s ic w ork ing od as f as t l w e lw it Am arok . ant ical y l h Th e f t s t p w as t pl t e irs e o ug h iP int t e USB port t m ak e od o h o s ure Kubunt coul de t ct it u d e (m os t dis t ribut ions s h oul I d). copie d acros s s om e M P3 f e s but il

./configure Th is did abs ol e l not ing f ut y h or m e . Af e r a bit of re s e arch , I t re al d t at I ne e de d t t t e ize h o ick h 'e xe cut e ’ abl box f t e or h ‘ conf igure ’il in t e un-t d fe h ar’ l ibgpod f de r (you can alo j t ol s us run ch m od + x conf igure ). Now it w ilrun. l

Ne xt I h ad t ins t l t of , o ala on de v l r s t f by ope ning a cons ol e ope uf e (l e Kons ol or T rm inaland t ik e e ) yping: sudo apt-get install buildessential libglib2.0-dev libgtk2.0-dev ligaguitils1-dev checkinstall Th at ins t ld q uit a f w f e s . I al e e e il t e n h ad t run: h o sudo apt-get build-dep libgpod2 Now , t e t act l com pil! In im o ual y e t e cons ol 'cd' int t e dire ct h e o h ory w h e re you un-t ar'd t e s ource (e .g. h cd / om e / h ronnie / e s k t l D op/ibgpod/) and t e n run t e com m and: h h

12

Ne xt s t l t e cons ol, t , ilin h e ype : make Scre e n af e r s cre e n of t inf orm at ion appe are d;none of it m ade any s e ns e t m e . Not t at I o h s aw t at m any s cre e ns - I w as t h oo bus y w it m y e ye s cl e d praying h os t te L o h inux Gods . Now t e com m and is : h sudo checkinstall A w arning com e s up but , according t t e t orial re ad on o h ut I Ubunt F u orum s , you j t pre s s us Ent r, t e n e nt r a de s cript e e h e iv nam e , s om e t ing l e 'com pild h ik e l ibgpod2-0.6.0'. Unf unat l it ort e y s aid: 0.6.0 - Warning Debian policy complaint one I re al w as n't s ure w h at t at l y h m e ant but it t urns out it didn't l e ik t e '0.6.0', s o I pl d it s af and h aye e j t h it Ent r and h ope d f t e us e or h be s t . Now a t xt m e nu s cre e n e appe ars in t e cons ol w it 11 h e h opt ions : I ch os e opt ion 3 f t and e nt re d irs e '0.6.0' t m ak e it l l e t e s cre e n o ook ik h s h ow n abov (f e rom t e Ubunt h u F orum s pos t t e n opt ), h ion 2, e nt re d e 'l ibgpod2', pre s s e d Ent r and t e n e h praye d s om e m ore . Now w e h av t l l e o ink ibrarie s . In t e cons ol, t h e ype : sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2 Y our l ibgpod.s o.2 al ady e xis t ? re s Sam e w it m e . L t de lt it t e n: h e 's e e , h sudo rm /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2 T again: ry

sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2 Now l t e s e cond l ink h ibrary: sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.3 Ne xt w e ne e d t f , o ind w h e re in t e / v st h de / ruct ure t e iP is , s o h od e nt r t e com m and: e h df w h ich (f m e ) l t : or is s /dev/sda1 /media/IPOD W it t at inf h h orm at ion, w e h av e t run t e l o h ibgpod s cript t copy o an XM Lf e t t e iP w h ich h as il o h od t do w it t e ne w iP de v o h h od ice ID / e rial s num be r in cons ol e e nt r: e you m ay h av t e o re pl / v s da1 w it t e ace de / h h l ion of your iP w h ich w as ocat od re port d af e r is s uing t e 'df e t h ' com m and.

13

ipod-read-sysinfo-extended /dev/sda1 /media/IPOD W h ich gav m e t e re s ul e h t : Command not found. M ore re s e arch t d m e t at ol h t e re w as a s t p m is s ing in t e h e h t orial re ad, s o now I h av t ut I e o run: sudo make install w h ich did dis pl a f w e rrors , but ay e alo cre at d t e s e h s cript t at w e ne e d. So, h again I t ry: ipod-read-sysinfo-extended /dev/sda1 /media/IPOD No re pl But in t e L y. , h inux w orl no ne w s is good ne w s . d, Th at is bas ical it l ! y Th e t orial re ad s aid t ut I o unins t l arok and re ins t l , alAm alit but I h av t adm it t at I'm t e o h oo l t do t at and de cide d t azy o h , o cont inue on none t e ls s . I l h e oade d up Am arok and pl ugge d in t e h iP od. Am arok re cognize s t at h

s om e t ing h as be e n pl h ugge d in t o / v s da1 but is n't q uit conv de / e ince d it an iP 's od:

F rom m y Col ct l ion t e ab, I s e lct a f w al e e bum s by righ t cl ing on an al ick bum t l and it e ch oos ing 'T rans f r t M e dia e o D e v '. ice

I h ad t ope n t e iP in o h od D ol in/ ph Konq ue ror (KD E) and ge t a f e l t of t e iP il is h od;t is conv h ince s Am arok t at it is inde e d an iP h od.

Cl t e D e v s t and, at t e ick h ice ab h t of t e s cre e n, t e re 's an iP op h h od but on - I cl t at and f t ick h rom t e h m e nu I ch oos e m y Bl 80GB iP ack od Cl s ic. as

It l s l e not ing h as ook ik h h appe ne d, but alt e s ongs in lh t e ch os e n al h bum are adde d t a o t rans f r q ue ue . Cl t e D e v s e ick h ice t again and at t e bot om lf ab h t e t of t e s cre e n you'ls e e t e h l h t rans f r q ue ue . e

14

T st t e t o art h rans f r, you cl e ick t e 'T h rans f r' but on at t e t of e t h op t e s cre e n. h

podcas t dow nl and t oad rans f r e f it s of Am arok w it t e iP acilie h h od. Al l good! Unf unat l af e r you l out ort e y, t og and in again, or re boot Am arok , s e e m s t ignore t e l o h ibgpod t at h w e 'v j t builand re s ort t us ing e us t s o an ol r v rs ion. Th e onl w ay I h av de e y e f ound of re s oling t is is t m ak e v h o s ure your iP is unm ount d, e xit od e Am arok , now bring up a t rm inal e and t ype : sudo rm /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2 sudo rm /usr/lib/libgpod.so.3 t ent h ype : sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2 sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.3 Now l up Am arok and it w il oad l prope rl de t ct your iP again. y e od If you h av any q ue s t e ions , art e s , or s ugge s t icl ions , f or , v it our f is orum (h os t d by e Ubunt orum s .org) and uF put up a pos t .

It m ay t e a w h il f t e f e s ak e or h il t copy acros s and f t e iP t o or h od o s t s aying 'Synch ronizing'. W h e n op done (s t l t e D e v s t ilin h ice ab), I cl t e D is conne ct but on (at ick h t t e t of t e s cre e n, be s ide t e h op h h T rans f r but on), and I ge t an e t e rror m e s s age s aying it not 's dis conne ct d prope rl e y.

So I s af l 'e j ct it f e y e ' rom t e h icon on m y de s k t op, and t e n h unpl t e iP ug h od. D one ! And e v ryt ing w ork s e h pe rf ct y: m y M P3 s ongs pl I e l ay, can fip t rough t e al l h h bum art ork , and I can alo us e t e w s h

15

H O W - TO

W rit e n by M at h e w H ol r t t de

I TRO D UCTI N TO L TEX N O A
\begin{document} \maketitle \clearpage \tableofcontents \clearpage \listoftables \clearpage \listoffigures \clearpage \section{Equations} I will begin by adding a famous equation to the document, and referencing the equation in the text. Einstein published important papers in 1905, and one of them was Special Relativity, popularly known as \ref{eqn1}. \begin{equation} \label{eqn1} E = mc^2 \end{equation}

L

aT X is a t e ype s e t ing s ys t m t e t at doe s not f l t e h ol ow h 'norm alW YSIW YG (W h at Y ' ou Se e Is W h at Y Ge t approach of ou ) t e w ord proce s s ors t at m os t of h h us are us e d t Th e pow e r of o. L e X is due t t e f aT o h act t at it h f l s a l t of t ol ow is ype s e t ing ruls t e m uch l e t os e carrie d out be f ik h ore t e us e of w ord proce s s ors . h D ocum e nt cre at d us ing L e X s e aT w ill l e a prof s s ional look ik e l y t ype s e t docum e nt . I us e L e X t ge ne rat lt e rs , aT o e e t docum e nt and pre s e nt ions ; s at and I e v n us e d it t cre at a e o e l arge pos t r at w ork . Th is e s of w are is v ry popul in t e ar univ rs it s due t it e nh ance d e ie o s e q uat ion and cros s -re f re ncing e abilie s . it Th is art e w ilcont icl l ain onl a y v ry bas ic t t of w h at t is e as e h t ype s e t ing s ys t m can be us e d t e f and w ilcov r t e f l ing: or, l e h ol ow

W e w ilus e t e 'pdfat x' l h le com m and t ge ne rat a PD F dire ct y o e l f rom our 's ource code '. F t t irs , o ins t l aT X, us e your pack age alL e m anage r t ins t l o al' '. Be l is a l t of com m ands us e d ow is t cre at t e cont nt in t e o e h e h docum e nt Ent r t e f l ing brow n . e h ol ow col d code int a t xt f e . ore o e il \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{ar ticle} \usepackage{graphicx} \usepackage{multicol} \title{LaTeX Primer} \author{TUX}

16

where, E represents energy, m the mass of the object, and c the speed of light. \section{Table} Now we will insert a table containing a fictional list of names and ages. Table \ref{table1} contains... \begin{table}[!h] \caption{A table to contain ages and names} \label{table1} \begin{center} \begin{tabular}{|c|c|} \hline Name & Ages\\ \hline Bob & 24\\ Dave & 13\\ Lucy & 27\\ Claire&12\\ \hline \end{tabular} \end{center} \end{table} \section{Columns} It is very easy to add multiple columns to the

document: \begin{multicols}{2} LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF \end{multicols} \section{Image} \begin{figure}[!h] \caption{Image} \label{image1} \begin{center} \includegraphics[width=3in]{tux .png} \end{center} \end{figure} \end{document} L f: t e e t h 't ux.png' as us e d in t e code abov . h e O nce t is is h com plt , s av t e e e e h f e t a k now n il o

pl , ope n a t rm inal ace e and nav igat t t e dire ct e o h ory w h e re t e f e is s av d. h il e O nce t e re e nt r: h e pdflatex fullcircle.tex T ge ne rat cros s -re f re nce s , o e e t e abov com m and m us t be h e e nt re d t ice . I h av bare l e w e y s crat e d t e s urf ch h ace in t is h t orialand I re com m e nd ' ut , 'h t p:/ w w w .ct t / an.org/ e xt arch iv / o/s h ort e ngl h /s h ort e inf l / is l . pdf .

Abov : t e re s ul e h t ing PD F f e as s e e n in il KPD F .

17

H O W - TO
W rit e n by D anie l am b t L

CREATE YO UR O W N SERV R - P rt 3 E a

W

e now h av a w ork ing e s e rv r w it t e bas e e h h s ys t m , Sam ba, SSH , e Xubunt de s k t and W e bm in al u op l ins t ld;w e w ilnow ins t l al e l al D H CP, and conf igure D H CP and Sam ba. W e 'ls t of w it D H CP l art f h . L int W e bm in by going t og o o h t ps :/ l h os t t /ocal :10000 Go t “ Se rv rs ” , t e n “ D H CP” . o e h Cl on " ick Add a ne w s ubne t , and " f l t e de s cript ilin h ion of t e h s ubne t F ne t ork addre s s , us e . or w t e s am e IP as t e int rnal h h e addre s s , but us e 0 as t e e nding h oct t f e xam pl, if your int rnal e ; or e e NIC is 19 2.168.1.1, t e n us e h 19 2.168.1.0 f your ne t ork or w addre s s . F addre s s range s , us e or t e range of addre s s e s t be h o as s igne d by D H CP F ne t as k , . or m us e t e s am e as your s ubne t h ; m os t are 255.255.255.0. Cl ick " at " Cre e . Now t conf o igure Sam ba f e il s h are s . O nce cre at d, cl t e ne w icon e ick h t at w as j t cre at d (w it t e h us e h h ne t ork addre s s you ch oos e unde r w it Scroldow n t t e bot om , and ). l o h t cl " ick Edit Cl nt O pt ie ions " F l t e . ilin h Subne t m as k w it t e s ubne t t e h h ;h D e f t rout rs and D NS s e rv rs w it aul e e h your int rnal and t e Broadcas t e IP; h addre s s w it t e int rnal - but w it h h e IP h 255 at t e e nd. Cl " e "t e n h ick Sav h s t t e s e rv r art h e . F t of al cre at a f de r on irs l , e ol your s e rv r I w oul norm al e . d l y cre at one w it in a s t e h andard us e r's h om e f de r, s o t e ol h dire ct ory l t is ing w oul be d / om e / s h are -nam e . L t s t H / e 's art by cal one “ Sh are d” ;brow s e l ing t t e m ain H om e f de r, and o h ol t e n dow n t t e f de r nam e d h o h ol w it your e xis t h ing us e rnam e ; righ t cl , and ch oos e “ Cre at ick e F de r” . Nam e t e ne w f de r ol h ol “ Sh are d” , and e ns ure t at t e h h

18

pe rm is s ions of t e ne w f de r h ol al re ad and w rit acce s s by al l ow e l us e rs - as s h ow n be l . ow

Now cl on F e pe rm is s ions , ick il and ch ange t e Ne w Unix f e h il m ode t 777 and t e Ne w Unix o h dire ct ory m ode t 777. Cl o ick " e" Sav . Re s t Sam ba, and you art s h oul now be abl t w rit t d e o e o your s h are .

Sam ba w ilnow h av a s h are d l e f de r t at you can brow s e t ol h o. H ow e v r, you w ilnot be abl t e l e o acce s s it unt you cl on t e s h are , il ick h s e lct Se curit and Acce s s cont , e y rol ch ange t e s h are t W rit e , e nabl h o abl e Gue s t acce s s , and t e n cl " e " h ick Sav .

NEXT M ONTH :

SP CI LBI TH D AY I SUE! E A R S
w h e re w e dis cus s t e birt of h h , h ow w e m anage d t ov r com e s om e of our bigge s t h urdls in o e e cre at ing and organizing FCM and s om e ge e k y dow nl s t s . oad at - Th e GIM P . incl s cre at ude ing a ne w im age , dpi and t e m os t im port h ant t s ne e de d f our ool or f ure GIM P s e s s ions . ut

Now go back t W e bm in, go t o o “ Se rv rs ” , and t e n “ Sam ba e h W indow s F e s h aring” . Se lct il e “ Cre at a ne w f e Sh are ” ;nam e e il t e f e s h are “ Sh are d” and s e lct h il e t e dire ct h ory you w is h t s h are . o F l a Sh are Com m e nt if you ilin w is h , and cl “ Cre at ” . ick e

19

W rit e n by J Be rry t oe

REVEW I

LNO V 3000 C200 E O

I

: Ce lron M 420 1.6 GH z CPU e 512 M B RAM 40 GB H ard D riv e CD RW / V D D 15 inch L CD W ire ls s 802.11g e W indow s XP H om e

am a s e nior s of w are de v l r t e ope f al or arge corporat ion. M y m ain com put r is a h igh -e nd D e ll op e lapt t at I us e f s of w are de s ign and h or t de v l e opm e nt as w e las ot e r l h bus ine s s -re l e d act it s . Since t is at iv ie h com put r accom panie s m e w h e t e r I e h w ork f rom h om e or t e of ice , I alo h f s us e it f pe rs onalh ings s uch as or t m anaging m y ch e ck ing account , re cording int rne t radio, m onit e oring t e st h ock m ark e t e t O nce , I h ad , c. s om e s e rious problm s w it t e e h h W indow s 2000 s ys t m running on e t e l op, w h ich re s ul d in our IT h apt t e de part e nt “ re im aging” m y dis k . m Y s , I h ad a back up of e v ryt ing s o e e h t e re w as no l s . Ne v rt e ls s , t is h os e h e h re inf orce d m y pe rce pt ion t at I h s h oul dn't be running pe rs onal appl ions on m y w ork l op. icat apt Th e re f , w h e n I f ore ound an ad at Buy.com f a re f or urbis h e d L nov e o 3000 C200 l op f $ apt or 389 , I de cide d t is w as m y opport h unit t ge t a re al y o pe rs onal y l op. I orde re d t e -onl apt h l op and w h e n it arriv d, I apt e

im m e diat l t e y urne d it on and s at back w h il W indow s XP e aut at l ins t l s e l I h ad om ical y alit f . de cide d I w oul ins t l d alUbunt u (h av ing pl d w it t e CD aye h h v rs ion on m y bus ine s s l op) e apt but w ant d t lt t e XP ins t l e o e h al cont inue t com plt o e ion. Th e purpos e of t at e xe rcis e w as t h o as ce rt ain t at e v ryt ing w as h e h O K w it t e m ach ine in cas e I h h h ad t re t o urn it If t e re w as a . h problm , I w ant d L nov t f e e e o o ix it w it out h av h ing t e xpl w h y o ain I w as not running t e ir ope rat h ing s ys t m . And inde e d t e re w as a e h problm . Th e buil w ire ls s e t -in e adapt r w oul e dn't s t conne ct d ay e t m y ne t ork f m ore t an a o w or h f w m inut s at a t e be f e e im ore dis conne ct ing. I s e arch e d on t e h int rne t and f e ound s im il ar com pl s about t e w ire ls s aint h e f at e ure and W indow s . I w e igh e d m y opt ions and de cide d t o cont inue w it t e L h h inux ins t l ion. Not t at t is w as al at e h h not going t be a dual o -boot

20

s ys t m . I w ant d L e e inux and I w as pre pare d t pay t e price f o h or w h at v r w oul h appe n. e e d As it w as , t e ins t l ion of h al at Ubunt 7.04 w e nt faw ls s l W e l u l e y. l , al os t faw ls s l Inde e d, m y buil m l e y. t in w ire ls s adapt r did not w ork , e e nor did t e audio. In orde r t h o updat m y l op w it any f s I e apt h ixe m igh t ne e d, I ne e de d int rne t e conne ct it So, I conne ct d an iv y. e Et e rne t cabl t t e l op (I h e o h apt h av bot w ire d and w ire ls s e h e com put rs on m y ne t ork at e w h om e ). Ubunt aut at l u om ical y conf igure d t at int rf h e ace w it h D H CP and, al os t im m e diat l m e y t e re af e r, I w as on t e air h t h . I s e arch e d t e Int rne t f h e or “ L nov 3000 C200 Ubunt e o u w ire ls s ” . W it t os e k e y w ords , I e h h im m e diat l f e y ound a s it t at e h e xpl d h ow t ge t t e buil aine o h t -in w ire ls s adapt r t w ork . F e e o rom t is w e bs it , I unf unat l h e ort e y dis cov re d t at t e re w e re e h h v ariat ions t m y l op (I'm s t l o apt il not s ure w h at t e y re al are ) and h l y t at t e e xpl h h anat ion be ing of e re d f w as not f m y v or ariant l op. apt Af e r care f l f l ing t e t ul ol y ow h

ins t ruct ions s e v ralim e s , I s t l e t il coul not ge t m y w ire ls s adapt r t d e e o w ork . So, w h at w as I t do?I re al o l y w ant d w ire ls s conne ct it Sim pl. e e iv y. e I gav up and f e ound a s pare PCM CIA w ire ls s card. I cycld t e pow e r on e e h m y l op and s t e d t e com put r apt art h e w it t e card pl h h ugge d in. In no t e , im w it no int rv nt h e e ion (ot e r t an t h h o e nt r m y W P pas s w ord), I w as e A conne ct d v m y w ire ls s card. e ia e M y s ol ion m ay not be as ut “ pe rf ct as s om e of you w oul e ” d w ant but it w ork s f m e . I coul , or d h av cont e inue d t f t t e bat l of o igh h te t e w ire ls s , but it w as n't w ort it f h e h or me. Ne xt cam e t e audio problm . h e Back t t e Int rne t Th is t e I o h e . im s e arch e d f “ L nov 3000 C200 or e o Ubunt audio” . Again, I f u ound a s it e s h ow ing h ow t ge t t is s pe cif o h ic l op t w ork . It re q uire d t at I apt o h dow nl t e AL 1.0.14rc3 s ource oad h SA code pl a s pe cial ch . Th e us pat ins t ruct ions w e re v ry e xact and I e f l e d t e m t t e lt e r I alo ol ow h o h e t . s f ound a m ore ge ne ral audio de bugging w e bs it at Ubunt t at e u h h e l d m e t s t t e ch ange s I m ade . pe e h H appil e v ryt ing w ork e d pe rf ct y. y, e h e l

I h ad audio! Now I w as re al l y h appy. I ne xt de cide d t t s t out o e m ul e dia. I w e nt t Y ube t im o ouT and it w ork e d f . I l ine oade d s om e M P3 f e s and t e y t il h oo w ork e d f . O n W indow s I h ad ine be e n us ing W inam p t l t n t o is e o m y m us ic col ct l ion. But w h at t e o us e on Ubunt I not d s e v ral u? ice e pos s ibl m us ic-pl r e aye appl ions , af e r pl icat t aying w it a h num be r of t e m I ch os e h Rh yt m box as it l e d h ook s om e w h at l e W inam p and h ad ik s im il f ar unct ionaly. it I t e n ins e rt d a D V and ran h e D int a ne w problm . I e nj o e oy w at ing ol t e TVs h ow s and ch d im m ov s t at can be purch as e d ie h f a dol in m any s t s in t e or l ar ore h US. W h e n I ins e rt d one of t e s e e h D V s , T e m M ov Pl r D ot ie aye aut at l s t e d. It s h ow e d om ical art y t e 30-s e cond h e ade r in t e h h m ov but not ing e le . I ie h s coul dn't m ak e it go pas t t is h h e ade r I didn't e v n t . e ry w at ing one of t e m ore ch h m ode rn m ov s . I w ant d m y ie e ol s . die

21

O bv ious l t e problm w as y, h e T e m . M aybe it coul be m ade t ot d o w ork , but out of t e box, f m e , h or and m y l op, it didn't I w e nt t apt . o t e Ubunt w e bs it and s e arch e d h u e t e ir docum e nt ion. I f h at ound e xact y w h at I ne e de d at l h t ps :/ h e l t / p.ubunt u.com / 7.10/ us i m cv oph ot / v o.h t l v oide os C/ ide m # ide badf orm at s I care f l ins t ld t e ul y al e h appl ions t e y s ugge s t d and icat h e t e n s t e d up gxine . Now , m y h art m ov s w e re alpl ie l aying j t l e us ik t e y h ad be e n on m y W indow s h l op. Ev ryt ing w as w ork ing apt e h and I w as a h appy cam pe r I . e nj oye d t e s e ns at h ion f a m ont or h or t o. And t e n cam e t e w h h announce m e nt t at Ubunt 7.10 h u w as out I t ough t about it f a . h or w e e k or s o. Sh oul I s t w it d ick h 7.04, w h ich w as w ork ing f , or ine s h oul I go f alt e ne w goodie s d or lh in 7.10?In part ar, I w ant d t icul e o ch e ck out t e ne w print r h e f at s -- I didn't l e t e w ay e ure ik h 7.04 print d;it w as a e conf igurat ion is s ue , but I w as h av ing problm s f e iguring it out I . as s um e d t at t e audio w oul h h dn't w ork again -- but I k ne w h ow t o

f it So, I upgrade d t 7.10. ix ! o W ire ls s w ork e d pe rf ct y w it m y e e l h PCM CIA card (I w as n't e v n going t e o t m y buil w ire ls s adapt r). And ry t -in e e t e audio?Inde e d, it did not w ork . I h h ad, of cours e , k e pt m y ins t ruct ions and t e s ource code , s o I re builand h t re ins t ld t e AL s ound s ys t m . al e h SA e Th e onl problm w as t at t e audio y e h h st l ildidn't w ork af e r m y re t ins t l ion. Now , I w as a lt e al at it l w orrie d. I de cide d t go t t e AL o o h SA w e bs it t s e e if t e y h ad any e o h inf orm at ion about m y l op. Th e apt f t t ing I not d w as t at t e ir irs h ice h h v rs ion of t e s of w are w as ne w e r e h t t an m ine . So, I dow nl h oade d t e h s of w are , builit and ins t ld it No t t , al e . pat e s w e re us e d, j t t e original ch us h , l e s t v rs ion of AL at e SA. H appil t is y, h v rs ion of t e s of w are w ork e d e h t pe rf ct y. e l Ubunt w illt you k now w h e n u le s e curit updat s are ne e de d. O n y e occas ion, t e updat s incl h e ude ch ange s t t e L o h inux k e rne lH ow . doe s one re cognize t at a ch ange h h as be e n ins t ld?W h e n t e audio al e h st ops w ork ing. Th is h as h appe ne d t o m e a coupl of t e s . Th e f is e as y e im ix and onl t e s s e v ral inut s t y ak e m e o

im plm e nt e . Ce rt ainl m y e xpe rie nce s w it y, h Ubunt m igh t be cons ide re d a bit u ov rw h e l ing f s om e pe opl. I e m or e be l v it is v ry im port ie e e ant t o t e adv age of t e L e -CD ak ant h iv v rs ion of Ubunt and t s t any e u e pros pe ct e com put r f iv e or com pat it be f ibily ore purch as ing it . I h ope one day t e L h inux w orl d w ilalo e nj t e plt ora of l s oy h e h h ardw are t at e xis t on W indow s . h s W h il inv s t e e igat ing bot t e h h w ire ls s and audio problm s I e e f d, I h ad t e opport ace h unit t y o re ad m any Ubunt orum .org uF pos t ings on t e s e s ubj ct . I w as h e s m os t im pre s s e d by t e e xch ange h of inf orm at ion. I coul h e ar t e d h f t ion of t e pos t rs . Th e rus rat h e re s ponde rs al ays s e e m e d t be w o cal , pat nt and m ore t an m ie , h w il t go s t p-by-s t p t rough l ing o e e h w h at v r proce s s t e y w e re e e h t rying t e xpl Th is is h ow t e o ain. h Ubunt f k s w ilw in ov r u ol l e conv rt t L e s o inux and t Ubunt o u in part ar: one q ue s t icul ion and ans w e r at a t e . im

22

W rit e n by V t ince nt

M Y O PNI N I O

YO U USE UBUNTU, NO T L UX I N
Y k now t os e pe opl w h o k e e p ou h e on w h ining about you h av ing t us e o " GNU/ inux"ins t ad of " inux" W e l L e L ? l , t e y're crazy. It not l e by us ing h 's ik " GNU/ inux"you'v nam e d e ach and L e e v ry com pone nt of your ope rat e ing s ys t m . H e ck , if you w ant d t do e e o t at you'd e nd up w it nam e s l e h , h ik GNU/ inux/ ce / L Xf Abiw ord/ Gnum e ric/ F f ire ox! H ow e v r, by us ing t e nam e of e h your dis t ribut ion, you point t o e xact y t at com binat l h ion of pack age s , s of w are av abily, and t ail it com m unit s upport t at you s o y h appre ciat . e F e xam pl, I h one s t y cannot s ay or e l t at I t ink alL h h l inux dis t ribut ions are good. I can s ay, h ow e v r, h ow m uch e I appre ciat t e f e h act t at alL h l inux dis t ribut ions are ope n s ource . H ow e v r, if I w e re t e v e o ange l t at ize h , I w oul us e t e t rm " n s ource " d h e ope . Bot om l : t lpe opl, w h o are t ine e l e ne w t ope n s ource , about t e o h dis t ribut ion you'd re com m e nd t o t e m , s o as t pre v nt t e m h o e h ge t ing conf e d. Y coul t us ou d cons ide r t is as dum bing dow n h t e m as s e s . H ow e v r, ne w us e rs h e ge t a l of inf ot orm at ion t row n h at t e m , and t e m os t im port h h ant t ing at t e be ginning is t ge t h h o t e m s t e d. Th e y can larn h art e about ot e r dis t h ribut ions l e r, at w h e n t e y are re ady t put h o s om e e f ort int f f o inding t e h dis t ribut ion t at f s t e m . Y h it h ou cannot h ow e v r, e xpe ct t e m , e h t be abl t f o e o ind t at out h im m e diat l e y.
[1]h t p:/ w w w .t e t ch andce nt .com / t / h e s 2007/ 12/ h e re s -m ore -t inux-t ant o-l h ubunt t l u.h m

F

or a w h il I'v be e n m e aning e e t w rit t is , and t e art e o e h h icl "h e re 's m ore t L t o inux t an h Ubunt [1]f u" inal m ade m e do it l y . Y k e e p rav ou ing on about t e gre at s s of t at h ne h m ys t rious al rnat e ope rat e t e iv ing s ys t m cal d " inux" m ot at e l L e , iv ing s om e one t f o ind out m ore . Th at s om e one Googls "inux" e nds up e l , at l inux.org, cl s " ow nl ick D oad" and is t e n pre s e nt d w it an h e h e xpans iv t xt be ginning w it : e e h

...and doe s n't k now w h at t do. o Wh en ev ange l izing, don't us e t e t rm h e " inux" us e t e nam e of L , h w h at v r dis t e e ribut ion you're us ing.

Abov L f : T t e L e e t ux h inux m as ot . Abov Righ t Th e Ubunt l e : u ogo.

23

W rit e n by Sam Roge rs t

M Y STO RY
h ope d f t e be s t O ops ! Yup, I did or h . it I brok e W indow s -- not t at m uch . h of a l s . os Ut e rl s urpris e d at m y dad's t y indif e re nce t ards t e l s (w e f ow h os didn't back up), I s h ie d f rom t e h com put r f a coupl of days . Now e or e af e r a f w w e e k s our e nt f il is t e ire am y com plt l h appy w it it Th is w as e e y h . w h at I k ne w w oul h appe n. d W e h av re s cue d t e W indow s e h t ings w e ne e de d, and are us ing h W INE (h t p:/ w w w .w ine h q .org/ f a t / ) or f w program s . Be yond t at w e 'v e h , e f ound re pl m e nt . O nce w e ge t a ace s s upport d print r, w e w ilbe f l e e l ul -on L inux and ne v r l back . e ook M y f il is e xt m e l plas e d am y re y e w it L h inux, t e program s av abl, h ail e t e com m unit t e f e dom . h y, h re Ev ryt ing about t is O S is gre at e h h . Pl our boot t e is le ral 11 us im it l y m inut s f t r W e 'v got our s ys t m e as e . e e cus t ize d. I'v got GNO M E, m y om e dad's got KD E, and m y m om 's got a

A K I ' S STO RY D
w e b brow s e r . Th ank s t L o inux, w e are now f e of v re irus e s , s pyw are , unne ce s s aril l y ong boot t e s im and a s h ady l -in t ic (not t ock act o m e nt ion il gal iv y by a l e act it ce rt ain com pany w e w on't m e nt ion). It alo re s urre ct d our s e ol com put r So, if you're d e . re ading , and t ink ing h of s w it ing, I'v got onl t is t ch e y h o s ay: do it But re m e m be r your ! back ups .

M

y nam e is Sam . I am 12 ye ars ol and a re ce nt d, L inux conv rt I can e . program PH P, and I'm larning e SQL Ruby, Pyt on, and C. F m y , h or age , I'm com put r s av y. Th at e v 's not t s ay I am “ t al root . In o ot l y ” f , I w as a W indow s us e r unt act il about a m ont and a h alago. h f I h ad be e n us ing t e L e CD of h iv Ubunt F is t f a f w w e e k s . I u e y or e abs ol e l l e d it and l h e d ut y ov oat anyt ing M icros of . Exce pt w h e n h t print ing (as m y print r s t l n't e ilis s upport d, but w e 're ge t ing a e t ne w one ), I j t boot d int t e us e o h L e CD and brow s e d t e w e b and iv h did m y ot e r s t f F h uf. inal I l y, conv ince d m y dad t al m e t o l ow o dual -boot Kubunt F is t and u e y W indow s XP . So, af e r a pains t ing f e -h our t ak iv s t on t e w e b on dual int h -boot guide s , I w as conf nt it w oul ide d w ork -- Kubunt at las t In u, e . GRUB, I s e lct d W indow s XP and e e

Abov : W INE running M icros of W ord, e t Exce l and P e rpoint ow .

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T enf ak rom

M O TU I TERVEW N I

A ND REA V RI E

Be h ind M O TU is a s it w h ich f at s int rv w s w it t os e w h o are k now n as 'M as t rs of t e Univ rs e ' (M O TU). Th e y are t e v unt e r e e ure e ie h h e h e h ol e arm y of pack age m aint aine rs t at l af e r t e Univ rs e and M ul e rs e s of w are re pos it h ook t h e t iv t orie s .

Andre a V ri e h t ps :/ l t /aunch pad.ne t ~ bl k uj / ue a Age : 18 L ocat ion: Udine , It y al IRC Nick : bl k uj ue a

(int roducing ct orre nt gt , orre nt ie w e r -v and v t pack age s ins ide F dora) 2s rip e f m ore t an 3 m ont s - unt t e or h h ilh be ginning of M arch 2006 w h e n I de cide d t m ov de f e l t Ubunt o e init y o u af e r dis cov ring it at a f nd’ t e rie s part It w as l e at f t s igh t t at y. ov irs h m ade m e lav e v ry F dora pl e e e e an and proj ct t cre at m y f t e o e irs pe rs onal ik i page on w w ik i.ubunt u.com s om e days l e r at .

I s t e d us ing L art inux at t e e nd of h 2005 us ing Re d H at and F dora e dis t , cont ros ribut ing on w rit ing s e v ral e page s f F dora or e docum e nt ion (m os t y s e rv r at l e docs ) but m ainl w ork ing on s om e y pack aging-re l e d act it s at iv ie

In f , I s t e d us ing Ubunt at t e act art u h be ginning of 2006, f t y ge t ing irs l t inv v d ins ide t e Edubunt f il ole h u am y m ak ing re alh e pos s ibily t h av t it o e an Edubunt It ian s upport and u al w e bs it are a ins ide t e curre nt e h It ian L al oCo T am . e

Righ t af e r j t oining t e Ubunt h u brigade , I s t e d ch e ck ing out art M O TU docum e nt ion, m ainl at y pack aging guide pl D e bian us ne w m aint aine r’ guide , t s rying t unde rs t o and e v ry s ingl ne w e e w ord, and appl ying dire ct y t a l o s ource pack age e v ry ls s on e e larne d during de v l r’ w orl e e ope s d “ t e l. Af e r ge t ing rav ” t t int roduce d, and f cinat d by an as e act e com m unit I h ad t lav iv y, o e e t e proj ct f a w h il f s om e h e or e or s m alproblm s , re s t ing l e art e v ryt ing in M ay 2007 w it m y e h h f t s pons ore d upl ins ide t e irs oad h arch iv . M y pack aging pas s ion e incre as e d righ t af e r m e e t t ing Alxande r Sack ins ide # ubunt e um ozil e am irc ch anne l om e l at s days l e r, de ciding t w ork at o dire ct y w it h im as m y m e nt l h or f bot D e bian and Ubunt or h u dis t ribut ions .

25

I s t e d w it D e bian Ne w art h M aint aine r’ guide and Ubunt s s u’ pack aging guide - m ov ing t e n t h o pack age m y f t appl ions , irs icat larning f e rom al ady-pack age d re s of w are , and as k ing Alxande r t e w h e n ne ce s s ary - m e anw h il e im prov ing and larning e v ry e e t e f im rom h im or f rom ot e r h de v l rs a ne w Ubunt T am e ope u e ls s on. e

it e lduring it m aint nance . s f s e Re ading M O TU and D e bian docum e nt ion is a gre at s t ing at art point as w e l- t av l o oid any s t range q ue s t ion on our M O TU irc ch anne l .

“ As f m e , alI k now is t at I or l h k now not ing.” — Socrat s h e

Int roducing a f and m ak ing t ix ons of us e rs h appy is one of t e be s t h t ings I appre ciat f h e rom be ing a M O TU. M e nt oring, s pons oring, h el ping out ne w cont ribut ors or st ude nt is s om e t ing s pe cial s h as wel l .

I’ curre nt y w ork ing on a v t are a m l as of pack age s , but I’ t t f l ry o ocus on l p2p (P e r-2-P e r) appl ions bot e e icat h f Univ rs e and M ain. I pl or e anne d t o cre at a M O TU-p2p t am re al s oon, e e l y incl uding it ins ide t e e xis t h ing M O TUt orre nt t am , but it w ilt e s om e e lak m ont s t organize e v ryt ing; h o e h cont ribut ors (t s t rs / e e pack age rs ) are curre nt y m is s ing. l

I l e going around w it m y ov h m ot orbik e , l t ning t good is e o m us ic, pl aying bas k e t land bal , meet ing up w it f nds around h rie t e cit ce nt r h y e .

I al ays s ugge s t t s t w it a w o art h pack age t at a ne w cont h ribut or care s about pe rs onal t at s l h ’ y; us e f t im prov / ix t e pack age ulo e f h

I’ k e e p w ork ing on a l l l arge num be r of pack age s , but as I s aid be f , I ore w oul l e t f d ik o ocus on h av ing an updat d s it ion of p2p e uat appl ions , int icat roducing l orre nt ibt ras t rbar and it re l e d cl nt l e e s at ie s ik bt or l age . Cre at g ink ing a w ork ing t am w it int re s t d cont e h e e ribut ors and de v l rs w ilbe t e f t s t p e ope l h irs e t w ork on. o

26

W rit e n by Em m a J t ane H ogbin

UBUNTU W O M EN
l t of alt e s t ps is lh e you w oul ne e d t d o accom pl h t is o ach ie v t at goal e h . Y m ay h av ou e s om e goal t at s h h av s im il t k s . e ar as Th e s e can be com bine d int o proj ct w it t e ir e s h h ow n l t of act is ion it m s . Sort t e e h it m s s o t at t k s e h as t at can be s t e d h art im m e diat l are at e y t e t of t e l t h op h is . Y m ay w is h t ou o t rack t e s e t k s h as in a proj ct W ik i. A q uick W e b s e arch e w ilre v al any dif e re nt t k l e m f as t rack ing ut it s - f ilie rom com m and l ine ut it s t f l e b appl ions . Th e ilie o ulW icat t rick w it e ach of t e s e t s is t h h ool o bre ak your l t int t k s you can is s o as com plt in ls s t an t o h ours . If e e e h w t e t k s are t l h as oo arge t e y w il h l ne v r ge t done . e H e re is an e xam pl of h ow t e o bre ak your goal int t k s : one s o as of t e goal of t e Ubunt h s h u W om e n t am is t e ncourage e o w om e n t part o icipat in core e Ubunt proj ct . O ur l t of u e s is t ings t do incl s : h o ude • com pil a l t of core e is proj ct in Ubunt e s u; • nt y cont ide if act pe opl f e or e ach core proj ct e ; • nt y h ow m any w om e n ide if are curre nt y act e in e ach l iv group. Y can v w t e f lis t at ou ie h ull h t p:/ w ik i.ubunt t / uw om e n.org/ oD o. T Tim e t t o urn your dre am s int o t k s ! Ch e ck back ne xt m ont t as h o s e e h ow w e de al it t e w h h (ov rw h e l ing) l t of t k s you e m is as h av cre at d. e e

L

as t m ont , w e cre at d a h e v ion of w h at s ucce s s l s is ook le . F ik rom t is v ion w e h is de v l d goal f our proj ct e ope s or e . Th is m ont w e w ilbre ak our h l goal int t e “ act s o h ion it m s ” w e e ne e d t ach ie v s ucce s s . o e F e ach of t e goal you or h s ide nt ie d l t m ont , w rit out a if as h e

ik .com ) im age : cam bodia4k ids org (Fl r

27

W rit e n by Andre w f t rom w w w .T e ns O nL e inux.org

UBUNTU YO UTH

Th e f ure of ope n s ource is in t e young pe opl of t ut h e oday;t at h 's w h y t is corne r of t e m agazine is f young pe opl or s im pl h h or e y t os e w h o are young at h e art h .

a ph one t at runs h w h at you w ant it t o, and not w h at big com panie s s it ing on t m ount ains of cas h w ant Ent r Android, ? e O pe nM ok o (righ t ), and of cours e , Ubunt M obil! (lf ) u e e t L e l t e re at y, h s e e m s t be a s t o rong m ov m e nt t ard e ow ope n-s ource t lph ony. Th is lads e e e t m ore ch oice , m ore f e dom , and o re m ore apps on your ph one t at m ak e h your f nds e nv rie ious . Th is is gre at f or t e ns be caus e now t e y can de cide e h w h at t e y h av on t e ir ph one s . h e h D on't w ant t at f e t h re rial P of acM an or t e bow l gam e t at h ing h doe s n't w ork ?Re m ov it W ant a e ! f ancy ringt one w it out h av h ing t buy o it f rom your m obil prov r?M ak e e ide your ow n! Se e n a s e rious bug in t e h s of w are and w ant t h e l t e t o p h

com m unit by f y ixing it Th e n do ? s o! It alin your h ands . It is 's l your ph one , and you can do w it h it w h at you w il l . As t e y s ay in t e O pe nM ok o h h com m unit y,

K

ids and t e ns t e oday are at ach e d t nay, conj t o, oine d w it , t e ir m obil ph one s . If h h e you l around your cl s room ook as and f t s pot at las t f e ailo e iv pe opl t xt e e ing e ach ot e r during h t e t ach e r's h our-l h e ong lct , e ure t e n you s h oul s ch e dul an h d e appoint e nt w it your e ye doct m h or! Unf unat l m os t of t e s e ort e y, h ph one s run proprie t ary f w are irm de v l d s pe cif l f e ach e ope ical or y m ode lW oul . dn't it be coolo h av t e

28

LTTERS E

Ev ry m ont w e l e t publ h s om e of t e e m ail w e re ce iv . If you w oul l e t e h ik o is h s e d ik o s ubm it a lt e r f publ ion, com pl e nt or com pl , plas e e m ail t e t or icat im aint e it o: lt e rs @ f l e m agazine .org. PL e t ul circl EASE NOTE: s om e ltte rs m ay be e dite d f s pace re as ons . e or

R

e garding your art e about icl ins t l L al ing inux M int (FCM # 10), I t d t ins t l on rie o alit m y de s k t PC w h ich h as a SATA op H D (w it Ubunt 7.10 on it and h u not ing e le ) and it didn't w ork . I h s t d in V ual rie irt Box and as a L e iv CD and s t l go. ilno I s h oul add t at D e bian Et d h ch doe s not ins t l it e r O n t e ale h . h ot e r h and, M int ins t l f h al ine on s m y l op (w it ID E H D ). Is t e re apt h h a w ork around?

L ETTER OF TH E M ONTH

W rit r of L t e r of t e M ont w ins e e t h h t o m e t Ubunt cas e badge s ! w al u

I

w oul l e t s ugge s t a s ubj ct d ik o e f a f ure e dit or ut ion: v o ide code cs . I'v f e ound t is a re al h problm in Ubunt Is it be s t t e u. o ins t l al aye r t l t n t BBC alRe Pl o is e o radio?O r us e e m be dde d M Pl r? aye Th e v arious Gs t am e r program s re in Ubunt alo h av an e f e ct on u s e f w h at w ork s . Alo, t t s o une in t o w w w .t k radio.ne t w h ich us e s al W indow s M e dia Pl r t e re are aye h no clar ins t e ruct ions in Ubunt as u t w h at program t dow nl in o o oad Synapt - ch oos ing one program ic af e ct ot e rs and w h e t e r t e f s h h h BBC w ilcont l inue t w ork ! o A gre at r problm I'v f e e e ound is t rying t v w US t lv ion e g: o ie e e is w w w .w w it .com as t e q uick t e v h im l s , e v n us ing V C, don't w ork . ink e L Ins t l one s e t of code cs in al ing Ubunt s e e m s t aut at l u o om ical y

unins t l h e rs - t e w h ol alot h e proce s s of ge t ing s ound and t v o w ork ing in Ubunt is a ide u h it and m is s af air - do you f k now of a good s ource of inf orm at ion t s ole t is o v h plas e ? e I alo f s ind t e T e m m ov h ot ie pl r doe s not h av as good aye e a re s ol ion f w at ing a ut or ch m ov as W indow s M e dia ie Pl r aye . As you probabl gat e re d, I y h l e out ide of t e UK and re l iv s h y on m y PC f onl t lv ion or ine e e is program m e s and at pre s e nt h av t us e M icros of but I'd e o t rat e r us e Ubunt s o a dual h u boot is ne e de d. If t e abov h e problm s are s ort d I'd s w it e e ch ov r t Ubunt com plt l e o u e e y.

Ed:

I

re ad your art e about ch e s s icl gam e s , and e v n t ough it e h l e d nice , I t ink t e us e s of ook h h D re am Ch e s s , P e dCh e s s and out Brut Ch e s s are v ry f w , due t al e e o t e s m alnum be r of opt h l ions . Giv n t e l e h arge num be r of m ore

29

m ode rn and f at d ch e s s e ure gam e s : h t p:/ pych e s s .googlpage s .com / t / e , - h t p:/ t t / agua-proj ct e .org/ and h t p:/ cs board.be rl .de /t e s e t / ios h m igh t be w ort a m e nt h ion as w e l l .

Ed:

F

irs t y, I j t w ant t s ay h ow l us o m uch I e nj re ading F l oy ul Circl M agazine e ach t e it e im is re las e d. I f e ound FCM at is s ue 2 and h av be e n an av re ade r e id e v r s ince . I norm al print it out e l y as s oon as I ge t t e e m aile l h t l ing m e it is re ady f dow nl and or oad t e n re ad it on t e t h h rain on t e h w ay h om e f rom m y M icros of t e nf orce d 8 t 10 h our day. M y t o rip is around 40 m ins and it f s in it v ry w e lw it t is t and w h e n I e l h h rip ge t h om e I t e n j p ont m y PC h um o t ch e ck out s om e of t e t o h ips and h int e t I am alo l ing s c. s ook f orw ard t t e f l e rv r s e ct o h uls e ion you are curre nt y doing. l

O ne com m e nt t at I w ant t m ak e h o in re gard t t e pre v o h ious is s ue (FCM # 10) is t e ne w s it m on page 4 h e 'M icros of H it Ne w L '. I s t t s ow rongl y be l v t at as t is is a L ie e h h inux m agazine t at any s t h ory in re gard t o M icros of is not w arrant d in t is t e h m agazine . I pe rs onal h av m aj l y e or is s ue s w it M icros of , but I ne e d t h t o w ork w it t e ir product on a day t h h s o day bas is (it k e e ps m y k ids in s ch ool I w oul l e t s e e FCM ). d ik o cov ring pos it e s t e iv orie s on L inux and not ne gat e s t iv orie s on ot e r h ope rat ing s ys t m s , s of w are or any e t ot e r product . Plas e do not s e e h s e t is as an accus at h ion, be caus e you are doing an e xce l nt j w it t e l e ob h h m agazine . I j t w ant t giv pos it e us o e iv f e dback . e Kind re gards and k e e p up t e good h w ork .

I

am t rying t ge t a l is e d o ocal group f s e l e l w it or f -h p h Ubunt and it ot e r u, s h de riv iv s in t e F at e h inch ly are a e of L ondon. Sh oul you l e in L d iv ondon N2 (Eas t F inch ly), N3 (F e inch ly) or e N12 (Nort F h inch ly) I w oul be e d grat f if you coul e m ail e at e ul d m : am pe rs @ gm ail .com . Th e ge ne ral a is t m e e t up ide o and pe rh aps not onl h e l y p pe opl h e re , but h ope f l e ul y prom ot Ubunt w h ilt w e are e u s doing s o.

A

w e s om e m agazine , k e e p it up!

Ed: , e ,b

Th e be s t part is t at t e h h m agazine h as brough t m e t e h m os t pow e rf com m ands of al ul l : s udo apt t re m ov W indow s -ge e s udo apt t ins t l -ge alUbunt u

30

W rit e n by Robe rt Cl h am t ips

Q& A

If you h av Ubunt e u-re l e d q ue s t at ions , e m ailh e m t t o: q ue s t ions @ f l e m agazine .org, and Robe rt w ilans w e r t e m in a f ure is s ue . ul circl l h ut

Q

A
Q

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It ce rt ainl is . Y ne e d y ou v ual ion s of w are irt izat t (m ach ine e m ul or) t at o cre at a v ual ach ine . A v ual e irt m irt m ach ine is an e m ul e d m ach ine at t at runs w it in your prim ary h h (h os t ope rat ) ing s ys t m , e .g. e Ubunt in w h ich you can ins t l u, al and run ot e r ope rat h ing s ys t m s . e Th e re are l s of appl ions you ot icat can us e f t is ;s e e t e l or h h ink be l f a l t Alo s e e L ow or is . s uca D e M arini's art e in Is s ue 5 about icl us ing t e ope n s ource V ual h irt Box.
h t p:/ ubunt orum s .org/ h ow t re ad.ph p t / uf s h ?=582729 t

Y can us e rm "il-nam e ou fe w it -* h -in"t do t is . Us ing o h s pe e ch m ark s alo al s you s l ow t de lt f e s w it s pace s in t e ir o e e il h h nam e s w it out us ing \. h
h t p:/ ubunt orum s .org/ h ow t re ad.ph p?= t / uf s h t 713033

Q

A

In a t rm inalrun t e e , h com m and:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg -phigh t e n, re s t X (by pre s s ing Ct h art rl + Al+ Back s pace ). If you s t l t il don't ge t t e corre ct re s ol ion, h ut and can't e nabl t e corre ct one e h in t e s cre e n re s ol ion h ut pre f re nce s , t e n you w ilne e d e h l t f l t e ins t o ol ow h ruct ions at h t p:/ ubunt orum s .org/ h ow t r t / uf s h e ad.ph p?=69 0760. t
h t p:/ ubunt orum s .org/ h ow t re ad.ph t / uf s h p?=69 69 10 t

A

Q

In Naut us , go t Edit -> il o P f re nce s , t e n, on t e re e h h pre v w t ie ab, ch ange t e v ue h al f 'O nl f e s s m al r t an'. If you or y il l h e s t l av problm s , de lt your ilh e e e e ~ / h um bnail/dire ct .t s ory, and Naut us w ilbe f il l orce d t re cre at o e t em. h
h t p:/ ubunt orum s .org/ h ow t re ad.ph p?= t / uf s h t 662304

31

M Y D ESK TO P

Y our ch ance t s h ow t e w orl your de s k t or PC. Em ail o h d op your s cre e ns h ot and s ph ot t m is c@ f l e m agazine .org and incl os o: ul circl ude a brie f paragraph about your de s k t op, your PC's s pe cs and any ot e r int re s t h e ing t idbit about your s e t s up.

W it a l of t e ak ing and pl h ot w aying around, I got m y ASUS l op apt - 1.8 GH z CPU, 80 GB H D D and 1 GB of RAM , w h ich I got it f or Ch ris t as -- t run Ubunt and got it l ing and f e l v ry m o u ook e ing e m ode rn. Us ing t e original um an t e m e f M e t h H h or acit I h av y, e conf igure d m y de s k t t giv it an orange f e lBy pe rf ct op o e e . e ing t e w indow t e m e , col h h orizing t e de s k t w al h op l pape r t t e o h pe rf ct col , and s e t ing t e GNO M E pane lo t e ors t h t rans pare nt I , h av acq uire d a ge nuine l f m y Ubunt de s k t e ook or u op. H ow e v r, e t at is n't t e e nd of t e t e ak ing;e v n t e s e t ings in Naut us h h h w e h t il e xpl r and t e pl ore h ugins f Com piz are arrange d dif e re nt y or f l f rom t e de f t s e t ings prov d. h aul t ide

Ubunt Gut y Gibbon 7.10 w it Com piz F ion, Scre e nlt , AW N u s h us e s D ock , and V ual Running W indow s XP P e s s ional irt Box rof . : M oom e x (h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ 7db2) circl cf : F f (h t p:/ urlul ire ox t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl d79 a5b) : Nuov XT (h t p:/ urlul e t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 766501) : Cus t om Builby Cybe rpow e r PCs (and m odif d by m ys e l t ie f ov r t e ), AM D 64 X2 4200+ , 4 GB of D D R Ram , 2 TB h ard e im driv , Nv e idia 512m b 7600, Be nq 22"@ 1680 x 1050 I h av t s ay t at I'v be e n w ork ing w it Ubunt f t e pas t e o h e h u or h ye ar and a h al s l l e xpl f ow y , oring it on v arious ol m ach ine s in m y d h ous e , and I h av re al e nj e l y oye d t e e xpe rie nce . I'm pre t y m uch h t a f lim e Ubunt us e r righ t now , onl going int W indow s w h e n ult u y o I de s pe rat l ne e d t acce s s s om e proprie t e y o ary s of w are or a t gam e . I can't w ait t s e e w h at Ubunt h as in s t o u ore f t e f ure ! or h ut

32

TO P P ATF RM GA M ES 5 L O
W rit e n by Andre w M in t

Y our m ont l l t of L h y is inux gam e s or appl ions icat f rom t e de pt s of t e Int rne t If you h av an ide a h h h e . e f a l t plas e e m ailm is c@ f l e m agazine .org or is , e : ul circl

H om e page : h t p:/ s upe rt t / ux.lt argik .org/ e h If you'v ne v r e e pl d Supe rT aye ux, you h av no ide a e w h at you're m is s ing. Bas ical l y, T ux's girl nd f rie P nny h as be e n e k idnappe d by s om e t ing (I'v h e ne v r be e n q uit e e ce rt ain w h at Y ). ou m us t bat l s now bal , ice bl s , and s pik e s , us ing te l s ock onl T (and a f w s upe rpow e rs ). It a cl s ic M arioy ux e 's as l e j p-'n'-bum p gam e t at e v ryone s h oul pl ik um h e d ay. T ins t l o alSupe rT ux, you can e it e r ins t lh e h alt or pack age (t e f t is h irs ne w e r but m igh t cont ain bugs w h il t e ot e r is e h h ol r but cont de ains al os t no bugs ). Bot are in t e m h h Univ rs e re pos it e orie s . F s om e re as on, or is onl 0.3.0. Th e l e s t v rs ion is 0.3.1, w h ich you can y at e ge t at h t p:/ s upe rt t / ux.lt argik .org/ ik i/ ow nl e h w D oad/ Uns t e abl (us e t e D e bian P age ). h ack

H om e page : h t p:/ w w w .s e cre t aryo.org/ t / m Th is is de f e l not init y one t at Nint ndo's h e j ping up and um dow n about Be l v . ie e it or not SM C is not , a cl of Supe r one M ario (t ough t e y h h did original us e l y t e M ario-l e h ik s prit s ). Th e e gam e pl is pre t y ay t s im il t ough . L e in Supe r M ario (and Supe r T ar h ik ux), M aryo runs around j ping on t ls , and ot e r um urt e h st range cre at s t at you us ual don't s e e running ure h l y around. T ins t l cre t M aryo, grab t e o alSe h pack age f rom t e Univ rs e re pos it h e ory (Gut y us e rs s h oul h av t e s d e h Back port re pos it s ory e nabld t ge t t e l e s t and e o h at gre at s t v rs ion). e e

33

H om e page : h t p:/ abe .s ource f t / orge .ne t /
If you're t d of j p-'n'-bum p gam e s , ire um t out Abe . It a cl of t at ol ry 's one h d Com m odore 64 gam e .Y ou run around a pyram id, av oiding crabs , col ct l ing k e ys and ope ning doors . It e m ay not h av t e gre at s t graph ics , but e h e it a l of f 's ot un, e s pe cial if you're one l y of t os e re t gam e rs w h o m is s e s your h ro 64. Abe is curre nt y s l e d f incl ion in l at or us t e Univ rs e re pos it h e orie s . Unf unat l ort e y, t at w on't com e unt 8.04 H ardy, h il s ch e duld f April e or 2008. In t e h m e ant e , you can ge t it f im rom at h t p:/ w w w .ge t b.ne t app/ t / de / Abe 's Am azing Adv nt . e ure

H om e page : h t p:/ w w w .w orm ux.org/ ik i/ n/ t / w e inde x .ph p
M os t of us h av pl d t e cl s ic 19 9 5 e aye h as gam e W orm s . It w as an ol s ide -s crol r d l e w h e re you m ak e w orm s bl e ach ot e r ow h up w it rife s , bazook as , gre nade s , h l s h ot guns , Uzis , and P rice ls s M ing V e s . e as W e l al ough it s t l xis t as a l t , h ile s com m e rcial e rie s , a GPLs pinof k now n as s f W orm ux h as be e n re las e d. Ins t ad of e e w orm s , you f t w it O SS m as cot --T igh h s ux and M ozil are t o e xam pls . But don't l a w e w orry, t e H ol H and Gre nade is s t lh e re . h y ilt T ins t lh e l e s t s t e v rs ion of o alt at abl e W orm ux, grab t e h pack age in t e h Univ rs e re pos it e ory. Y can alo ins t lh e ou s alt l e s t be t f at a rom at h t p:/ w w w .ge t b.ne t app/ orm ux. t / de / W

H om e page : h t p:/ w w w .t e w ars .com / t / e
W ik ipe dia de f s T e w ars as a cros s ine e be t e e n a cl s ic s h oot m -up arcade w as -e gam e and a m ode rn f t rs on irs -pe s h oot r I gue s s t at as cl e as you'l e . h 's os l ge t t a de s cript o ion of T e w ars . It e 's bas ical a re al im e v rs ion of l y -t e W orm ux, w it pis t s , s h ot h ol guns , rock e t l aunch e rs , w oode n m al t and ls e grappl h ook s . O ne dow ns ide is t at ing h it m ul aye r onl (s o if you don't 's t ipl y h av an int rne t conne ct e e ion, you're out of l );t e good ne w s is t at t e re 's uck h h h a w onde rf l ulobby t h e l you conne ct o p t e xis t o ing gam e s . Sadl T e w ars is n't in t e Ubunt y, e h u re pos it orie s ye t But as us ual . , , h as a pack age at h t p:/ w w w .ge t b.ne t app/ e e W ars . t / de / T

34

Ful Circl Te am l e

H O W TO CO NTRI UTE B
W e are al ays l ing f ne w art e s t incl w ook or icl o ude in F l ulCircl. F art e guide l s , e or icl ine ide as , and f is s ue t or rans l ion, plas e s e e our w ik i: at e h t p:/ w ik i.ubunt t / u.com / Ubunt agazine uM Plas e e m ail e your art e s t art e s @ f l e m agazine .org icl o: icl ul circl

- Ronnie T e r uck ronnie @ f l e m agazine .org ul circl - Rob Ke rf ia adm in@ f l e m agazine .org ul circl - Robe rt Cl h am ips m rm onday@ f l e m agazine .org ul circl - M at h e w Ros s i t podcas t f l e m agazine .org @ ul circl Sam ue l Barrat t D anie l Coh e n Andre w M in Robe rt Cl h am ips Ph il H ö n ipp h V Aye r id

If you w oul l e t s ubm it ne w s , e m ail t d ik o it o: ne w s @ f l e m agazine .org ul circl Se nd your com m e nt or L s inux e xpe rie nce s t o: lt e rs @ f l e m agazine .org e t ul circl H ardw are / of w are re v w s s h oul be s e nt t s t ie d o: re v w s @ f l e m agazine .org ie ul circl Que s t ions f f ure int rv w s s h oul go t or ut e ie d o: q ue s t ions @ f l e m agazine .org ul circl L t and de s k t PC ph ot s h oul be is s op/ os d e m aild t e o: m is c@ f l e m agazine .org ul circl If you h av q ue s t e ions , you can v it our f is orum : w w w .f l e m agazine .org ul circl

H AV YOUR SAY E
If you w ant t h av your s ay on h ow o e F l ulCircl M agazine de v l , plas e e e ops e at e nd our m ont l IRC m e e t t h y ing. Y can f ou ind our ne xt Age nda at : h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ 2ba08 circl f W e w ant input f rom you, t e re ade r, t h o h e l us m ak e de cis ions t at af e ct t e p h f h m agazine . Ne xt ge ne ral e e t m ing (alw e l e ): l com . Me e t ings t e pl in t e IRC ch anne l ak ace h , w h ich is on t e h irc.f e node .ne t s e rv r O r you can us e re e . our w e bIRC page w h ich is at h t p:/ irc.f l e m agazine .org and it t / ul circl w ilal you t int ract w it our IRC l l ow o e h ch anne lrom w it in your w e b brow s e r f h .

Adam H e ck lr e Andy Bis h op D av D am pie r id Andre w M in Ryan H art age l M at h e w H ol r t de D av M aino id J e s Bark l am ow Ch ris Burk e Ch ris O l s on of D am on Rios D an Ph e l an D arre n M inif ie D av H aas id D av Cam pil id l o D av Sut on id t Gary Rich m ond Iain M ck e and J on M aguire as L o Arias e M at h e w J t ane s k i Nat e M ich ae l nne dy Rom m e l igod Ke Bal Rich ard Gue nt e r Robe rt h Sonny Ch auv in St ad H alt ad e s e T m y Ale m ge e s t om s Th om as Cut be rt h

Sunday 06t April h . F riday 25t April h .

And our t ank s go out t h o ,t e h and t e m any t h rans l ion at t am s around t e w orl e h d.

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