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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile.Generally. not just that of exterior. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. and costs are generally lower. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. For that we need level three: SM systems. 1. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. Moreover. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. and flexibility. and are less expensive. cost.
And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. 8 . it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. weight. so mass properties (volume. the “model” knows whether a point is inside.systems to handle architectural problems. outside. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. rather than a part of engineering. 1. to be sure. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. In this way. surface area. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. 1.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function.4 LAYOUTS. centre of gravity. 1. DESIGN. By its nature. or on the surface of the object in question. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. which makes the generation of realistic images possible.
automation of process planning is also impossible. or select a planar surface. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. it remains a challenge. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). To do this from the 3D.1. and then select Edit. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. but one that can be surmounted. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. Once created. 9 . if you need for more complex sketches 2.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. 2. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. With solid. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. Without solids. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry.e. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems.
two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. i. 2. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. on some occasions. Snap to Point If activated. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. . Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements.2. in which you specify the reference plane. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Construction elements 10 . In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design.e.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch.
These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. and only visualized by. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). 2. uses edges. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. These elements cannot be modified. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. These elements are used as positioning references. As a result. the sketch. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). 11 .aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Dimensional Constraints: When selected.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. graphically speaking. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile.
The constraints are in priority dimensional. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. at the extremity point of a curve.6 Creating Constraints 2.6. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. two or three elements. whenever possible. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. on a point. using coordinates. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. the 2. SmartPick will return information via symbols. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. According to the various active options. all over a curve.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). Using SmartPick. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. . is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. at the midpoint of a line. at the intersection point of two curves. any of the above cases possibly combined together.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. at the center of a circle or an ellipse.
3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. the application displays it in green. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. You can either select the geometry or the command first. 13 . Select a first element. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected.6. Coincidence.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Horizontal. coincidence and tangency. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Parallelism or Perpendicular). These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. If constraints already exist. 2. Click OK to constrain the sketch.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. 2. This constraint can be created between either two elements.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected.6. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Angle.6. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Select a second element. For editing. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). they are checked in the dialog box. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. by default. 2. Once the profile is fully constrained. Fix. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Select the profile to be constrained.
default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs.2. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. 14 .7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click to create the oriented rectangle.
Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Click to create the parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar).d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. two centers & two radii. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole.
Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. By default. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. m) Creating an Arc 16 . k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. circle centers appear on the sketch. Click three elements. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar).
click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola.start. There are three possibilities.It shows how to create an arc. To create a Parabola click the focus. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. b) Through three points . a) The arc center point. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. middle. s) Creating a Conic 17 . r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). c) Through three points –start. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. center and apex. Double-click to end the spline. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. end. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. To create a hyperbola click the focus. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. Clicking another command ends the spline too. start point and end point. end. middle.
if needed. a circle. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. one after the other. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. a parabola or a hyperbola. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. Click the line first point (first point). you will create one of the following: an ellipse. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. To edit. x) Creating an Axis 18 . Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. Click two points on the two existing lines. As a result. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. in accordance with both points previously clicked. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point.
In this task. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. Select a first line (or an axis). You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. of course you can create this point manually. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Select a second line (or an axis). 2. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar.This task shows how to create an axis. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but.
Length1/Angle. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Select the two lines. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Trim All / First / No element. The second line is also highlighted. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Create two intersecting lines. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. You can create rounded corners between curves. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Select the two lines.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Select the two curves. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. . Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . the first or none of the elements. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Select the first line. Length1/Length2.
Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. The line is now composed of two movable segments. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Create a three points arc. Rubber out. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). and Break. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the line to be broken. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. Select one or more elements to be relimited. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The arc will now be closed.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. 21 from the Sketch tools . Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. For example. These options are Rubber In. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. a construction line or an axis. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. a three point arc.
The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. In other words. The duplicate mode is activated by default. Here. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. enter a precise value for the translation length. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Select or click the rotation center point. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. multi-select the entire profile. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Select the element(s) to be translated. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Multi-selection is not available. Select the geometry to be rotated. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Select or click a point to define an angle. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). if needed. Enter the number of copies you need.
These projections are yellow. The selected line is duplicated. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select the face of interest. Select the surface. the line to be created appears immediately. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. These 23 .This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. arc or circle. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Both lines are parallel. If the line is not already selected. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. The intersection is yellow. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). There are two possibilities. by creating several offset instances. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. The line to be created appears. select it. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located.
2. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Expand the Mechanical Design option.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. The Sketcher tab appears. 2. It indicates the overall 24 . Graduations.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. in the Tools toolbar. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. You can now sketch the required profile. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. In other words. The Options dialog box appears.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. and then click Sketcher. 2. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Primary spacing. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching.
The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. 25 . 3. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. which is fully integrated into Part Design.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. offers a highly productive. To open it. c) specific toolbars. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The New dialog box is displayed. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. b) the geometry area. This application. Actually. from simple to advance.3. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK.
1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface.3. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Between: Creating point between two other points. ellipse. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Y. . 3. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve.2. 3. 26 .2. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Use the combo to choose the desired point type.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears.
Regardless of the line type. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Loft. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. others in removing material. 3. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Once you have defined the plane.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Pocket. Groove. it is represented by a red square symbol. Click the Plane icon .2. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. and Remove Loft. Rib. 27 . Slot. Shaft. In this section. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Some operations consist in adding material.
Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. if you extrude a profile.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. 28 . The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. For each of them. You will notice that by default.Up to Last. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. Up to Plane. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Up to Surface. the application specifies the length of your pad. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.3. By default. 3. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect.3. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . If you wish to define another length for this direction. Just click the More button and define the second limit. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button.
Alternatively. To specify another direction. if you extrude a profile. The specification tree indicates this creation. Click the Pocket icon . set the Type parameter to Dimension. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. up to plane. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. Click the Multi-Pocket icon .3. To define a specific depth. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. Optionally click Preview to see the result. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. up to last. using different length values.3. 3.3. Select the profile to be extruded. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. up to surface. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. By default.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. Click OK to create the pocket. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. Double-click Pocket to edit it.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Note 29 . The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time.
This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. select LIM1 or 30 . pockets and stiffeners.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. 3.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The method described here is also valid for pockets. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. If needed. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. you do not have to select the axis. and click Preview to see the result. Select the open profile.3. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. For each of them. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. Once you have done your modifications. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Consequently. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. 3. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. You need an open or closed profile. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. and click Preview to see the result. The profile is previewed in dotted line. Alternatively.3. For the purposes of our scenario. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". Click the Shaft icon . To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Enter Thickness1 's value. Enter Thickness2 's value.
Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. For the purposes of our scenario. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. The shaft is created. 3. Select the profile.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. If needed. you do not have to select the axis. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to confirm. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. Click the Groove icon . Click Preview to see the result. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. Consequently.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. This task shows you how to create a groove.3. The specification tree mentions it has been created. Click OK to confirm the 31 . You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles.
you can enter the values of your choice.operation. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . Various shapes of standard holes can be created.3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. To define a rib. 3.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole.3. To define a thread. 3. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. you need a center curve. 3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. By default.3.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. but you can use standard values. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.
Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. New options are then available. 3. Click OK. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. It should be a closed profile.11 Slot 33 . Click the Rib icon . The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. The application now previews the rib to be created. it can be discontinuous in tangency. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar.3. To create Rib. The rib is created.element or a pulling direction. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases.2. The specification tree mentions this creation. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Select the profile you wish to sweep. To define this direction. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. you can select a plane or an edge.
The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. 3. The resulting feature is a closed volume. the application computes a spine. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. You can note that by default. Pulling direction. Select the three section curves. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Vertices.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. you need a center curve. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. To define a slot.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. It is closed. Reference surface.3. The feature (identified as Loft. Click the Slot icon . Select the profile. Click the Loft icon . Tangency. They are highlighted in the geometry area. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Tangency then curvature. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. 34 . but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Click OK to create the volume. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. a planar profile. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree. By default.
This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used.3.3. Click the Remove Loft icon . make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Select the profile to be extruded. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. The feature (identified as Loft. By default.3. 3. . Select required sections & guide curves if needed. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. The Two creation modes are available: 35 .14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. the application computes a spine. If you need to use an open profile.
You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. 36 . the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. Check the Neutral Fiber option. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. The specification tree indicates it has been created. depending on the radius value you specified. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Conversely. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Select the edges. If you set the Tangency mode. Tangency. CATIA displays the radius value. Click the Edge Fillet icon .4. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. you can then trim the fillets to be created. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. The stiffener is created. Optionally click Preview to see the result.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. 3. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. Click OK. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. When filleting an edge. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane.
Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. 3. 3. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.4.5 Basic Draft 37 . This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. Instead of entering a radius value. Select the faces to be filleted.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Select the faces to be filleted. the application chamfers its edges. Select the face to be removed. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. Click OK.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. The specification tree indicates this creation.4.4. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Depending on the curve's shape.3. Click OK. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2.4. 3.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. The fillet will be tangent to this face. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. The faces are filleted. Click OK.
6 Variable Angle Draft 38 .4. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. If Keep Parting =Neutral.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Click OK. This element will remain the same during the draft. 3. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Parting element: this plane. Material has been removed & the face is drafted.
while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Click OK to confirm.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon .4. Click the Shell icon .9 Thickness 39 . To add a point on the edge. Select the face. Enter an angle value in the Angle field.4. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Select the face to be drafted. 3. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. To edit the other angle value.4. The selected face becomes purple. Enter the Default inside thickness field. indicating the default pulling direction.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. displays the variable angle draft option as activated.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. This line is used to support the drafted faces. The reflect line is moved accordingly. You can add as many points as you wish. click the Points field. 3. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. Select face as the neutral element. Select the face to be removed. The feature is shelled. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. 3. Click OK.
Enter the thread depth. This creation appears in the specification tree. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the translated element. Click Preview. but the thread (identified as Thread. 40 . Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. 3. The application previews the thread. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Enter a positive value. This task shows you how to translate a body. Check the Left-Threaded option. Limit faces must be planar.4. Select the upper face as the limit face. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Click the Translate icon . Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Select the faces to thicken. Click OK to confirm.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Click the Thickness icon . The part is thickened accordingly. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Click the Thread/Tap icon .10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Y. pitch value.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies.You can add or remove thickness to parts.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed.5. The element (identified as Translate. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. 3. You can also specify the direction by means of X. Click OK.xxx) is added to the specification tree. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest.
Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. The command applies to current bodies.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.xxx) is added to the specification tree.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The application previews the material to be created.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. The element is rotated. line or plane as reference element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. Click the Rotate icon . 3. Select an edge as the rotation axis.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. Click the Symmetry icon .The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The new element (identified as Symmetry. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Select a point. The element (identified as Rotate. Click OK to confirm the operation.3.5. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. Enter a value for the rotation angle.5.5.5. 3. The specification tree mentions this creation. Click OK to create the rotated element. 3. Click the Mirror icon . The pads are mirrored.
Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. The feature "RectPattern. Let the Instances & Spacing option. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Angular spacing & total angle. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. If needed. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Click OK. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length.This is the resulting pattern. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Spacing & Length. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. circular and user patterns. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Click the Circular Pattern icon .1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Now. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. complete crown. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Defining the spacing along the grid. Instances & Spacing. Patterns let you do so. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. These features accelerate the creation process.5. 42 . Select the feature you wish to copy. Instances & angular spacing. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims.
click the Crown Definition tab. Click OK.5. The pad will be repeated seven times. Click OK. Click the Scaling icon .6 Measuring 3. Select the reference point located on the body. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview.5.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. The feature appears in the Object field. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. 3. Select the body to be scaled. Click Preview.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. To do so. To define a direction.6. Now. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. One more ring of pads will be added. 3. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. 3. These points are created in the Sketch. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . you are going to add a crown to your part. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Click OK. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Select the feature you wish to duplicate.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. The body is scaled. Click the User Pattern icon . The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. you can select an edge or a planar face. The specification tree indicates this creation. This axis will be normal to the face.
The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. edge or vertex. If exact values cannot be measured. The Measure Item dialog box appears. icon in the Definition box. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points.6. surfaces. By default. edges. Switch to Design Mode. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. Click to select another surface. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.6. Click the Measure Between icon. or an entire product (selection 2). properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Click the Measure Item icon. The Measure Between dialog box appears. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type.). A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. vertices and entire products) or between points.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). 3. surfaces and entire products). Click to select a surface. edges. etc. 3. edges. or an entire product (selection 1). This command lets you choose the selection mode. edge or vertex. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges.
you must select the desired sub-product. The area. 3. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. indicating the splitting element. Click OK. Material has been removed. The measure is made on the selection.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. 45 . the dialog box also gives the area.7 Surface-Based Features 3. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. volume (volumes only). If the arrow points in the wrong direction. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. Click the Measure Inertia icon. In addition to the center of gravity G. The body is split. density and mass of the selected item. face or surface. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. you can click it to reverse the direction. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. Select the splitting surface. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. density.7. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. geometry or assembly. Click the Split icon .
The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Thick Surface icon . Click the Close Surface icon .2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The surface is closed . The surface is thickened. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. INITIAL 3.7. If you need to reverse the arrow. that is the extrude element.7. 46 . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. In the geometry area. just click it.INITIAL 3. Click OK. Select the object you wish to thicken. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. Click OK.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. Select the surface to be closed.
The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.7. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Click the Sew Surface icon . Click the arrow to reverse the direction. Some material has been removed. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. indicating the object to be sewn. INITIAL FINAL 47 .4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. The surface is sewn onto the body. Click OK. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body.INITIAL FINAL 3. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material.
indicating that it is the active body. Now. Intersecting Bodies. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. Click OK to confirm. It is underlined.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. 3. During the operation. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. Assembling Bodies. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one.8. material has been added. To assemble them. INITIAL 48 . You will notice that Part Body and Body. When your part includes several bodies.x are autonomous. if you wish to combine them. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Click the Insert Body icon. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. Removing Bodies. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. By default. 3. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. Trimming Bodies.8.3.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application.x" in the specification tree. The result is immediate. It allows you to create complex geometry. This is your new Part Body.
FINAL 3.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body.8. By default. Adding a body to another one means uniting them. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . Click the Add icon .
Click OK.1 has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 50 .Part Body. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
. The General tab appears. you just need to use the Isolate command. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. Select the Tools -> Options.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. Geometry. Click the Infrastructure category. Update.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. The tab appears.This task shows you how to set general settings. you often need to select other elements as inputs. they will not be deleted. then Display tab. containing three categories of options: External References. The Options dialog box is displayed. External References. When creating a geometric element.9. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts.. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views.. and their origins when you are editing these elements.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. Delete Operation . and Delete Operation. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. 4.. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. Update. When selecting a sketch as 54 .Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. which means that if they are shared by other features. 3.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. Select the Tools -> Options command. command Click the Infrastructure category. copied elements for example.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations.
the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon .1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. depending on the feature you are creating.3 Creating Polylines 55 . Define the number or points to be created (instances field). The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. in only one operation. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. some restrictions apply. Click the Planes Repetition icon . 4. If you check the with end points option. Click OK to create the planes. 4. The Planes Between dialog box appears.the input element. Select a curve or a Point on curve.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. 4.
Click the Circle icon . Enter a Radius value. 56 . Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Three points. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. 4.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Enter all input as specified. Two points and radius. Bitangent and radius . Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. The circle (identified as Circle. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center.xxx) is added to the specification tree. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Center and point. Click the Polyline icon .Tritangent. Bitangent and point . Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline.
Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. Remove the selected point. Click the Spline icon . 57 . The Spline Definition dialog box appears.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.4. and select a support. You can select the Geometry on support check box. Add a point before the selected point. Replace the selected point by another point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected.
Click the Corner icon . or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Click the Helix icon . Select the Support surface. such as coils and springs for example. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. 58 . Profile. Height. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. The helical curve (identified as Helix. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Select two curves as reference element. The reference elements must lie on this support. Taper Angle. Several solutions may be possible. Click OK to create the helix.4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. The corner will be created between these two references. Select a starting point and an axis. Orientation. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. Click OK to create the corner. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Enter a Radius value. Starting Angle. 4.
Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Click the Connect Curve icon . Specify the Start radius value. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is a in 2D plane. Click OK to create the connect curve.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Tangency or Curvature.4. Click the Spiral icon . Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve.Define the spiral's Orientation. 4. that is the distance from the Center point. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. along the Reference direction.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. when the spiral is defined by an angle. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral.
Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. hyperbolas or ellipses.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Select the Support element. 60 . Click the Conic icon . Select the element to be projected. Click OK to create the projection element. The projection is added to the specification tree. The projection may be normal or along a direction. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. Click the Projection icon . You can select several elements to be projected.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics.4. passing points or tangents. 4.
61 . A Face.xxx) is added to the specification tree. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. etc. lines. Avoid using input elements. Select the two elements to be intersected.Fill in the conic curve parameters.) 4.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. The intersection is displayed. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. Click the Intersection icon . A Contour. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. This element (identified as Intersect. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. Point. Click OK to create the intersection element.
13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Click the Extrude icon .1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. Click OK to create the surface. lofting and sweeping. 4. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not.13. 62 . For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon.4. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Geometry with no history is called a datum.
3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. The spherical surface is based on a center point.13. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 .4. Click the Revolve icon . Click OK to create the surface.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. 4. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.13. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. and angular limits. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar.
4. Select the surface to be offset. along 64 . Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine).5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. Click OK to create the surface. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. Click Apply to preview the surface. Click the Offset icon . Click OK to create the surfaces.13. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears.dialog box is displayed. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Select the center point of the sphere. 4. one on each side of the reference surface. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface.13.
Click the Circle icon. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. select a Spine. Click the Sweep icon . The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. select a Second Guide. Click the Line profile icon. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. Click OK to create the swept surface. you can select a reference Surface. Click the Sweep icon . This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. With reference curve. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Sweep icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. If needed. With reference surface.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. then use the combo to choose the subtype. With tangency surface. 65 . Select a Guide curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. If no spine is selected. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. With draft direction. If needed. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The five possible cases are Two limits. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. In the Smooth sweeping section. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Limit and middle. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. Click the Explicit profile icon.
4. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. 4. Click the Sweep icon . The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. Select guide curves. The surface (identified as Sweep. The surface (identified as Sweep. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Click OK to create the fill surface. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Select one or two section curves. Click the Fill icon . If not. Click OK to create the swept surface.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Click the Conic icon. Four guides.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Three guides. Five guides.13. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. If 66 . such as parabolas. hyperbolas or ellipses.13. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Select a passing point. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. the results may be inconsistent. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. and enter a radius value. Replace the selected element by another curve. Remove the selected element. Click the Loft icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Two guides.
select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. on both. or on none. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type.xxx) is added to the specification tree.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. The surface (identified as Blend. Several coupling types are available. Start extremity. In that case. Select the cutting element. taking a number of constraints into account. 4. 4. You can select several cutting elements.14. Tangency. The Blend Definition dialog box appears.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. continuity.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. then the second curve and its support.13. Vertices. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. such as tension. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. Click the Blend icon . 67 . select one or more guide curves. 4. Click the Split icon . Select the element to be split. only on the End section. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Successively select the first curve and its support. A preview of the split appears. Click OK. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element.needed. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. None. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. In the Spine tab page. and so forth. translating and rotating. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Tangency then curvature. End extremity.
Click OK to split the element. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.14. In that case it appears as a separate Split. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Click the Trim icon . 4. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements.xxx element in the specification tree. A preview of the trimmed element appears.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. 68 . Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
14. solids. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. No propagation.4. without deleting the initial element. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity.). 4. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. a point on the curve for example. points. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. or Tangent continuity. and so forth. Click the Boundary icon . Click OK to create the boundary curve. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. The selected element is highlighted.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to extract the element. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. Select a Surface edge.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. The extracted element (identified as Extract. 69 . Select an edge or the face of an element.14.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. Click the Extract icon . The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type.
6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.14. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . 4. Select a point. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. 4.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Select the scaling reference point. point. Click OK to create the scaled element. Click OK to create the translated element. line or plane as reference element. Select the element to be rotated. Click OK. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. line or surface element. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. or more.14.xxx) is added to the specification tree.14.4.14. Select the Vector Definition. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Click the Scaling icon . The Translate Definition dialog box appears. 4. Click the Affinity icon . plane or planar surface. Click the Symmetry icon . Select the element to be translated. Click the Translate icon . 4. The element (identified as Translate . Click OK to create the rotated element. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Click the Rotate icon .9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Select a line as the rotation axis.14. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces.
Other options available are Simplify the result. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Sub-Elements To Remove. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Ignore erroneous elements. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. 4. Click the Join icon. Merging distance. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Select a surface Boundary. Angle Tolerance. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined.14. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Z values.operation. Click OK to create the affinity element. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. 4. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal.14. 71 . Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Y. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. federation. Click the Extrapolate icon .
define the distance below which elements are to be healed.4.14. Select the surfaces to be healed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. Select the surface which limits should be restored. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. 4. Click OK in the dialog box.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. The surface (identified as Heal. while the surface is restored. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. by clicking the Sharpness tab. Provided the Tangent mode is active. Select the surface which limits should be restored. You can also set the Distance objective. 72 . From the Parameters tab. Click the Healing icon. A progression bar is displayed. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle.14. and selecting one or more edges. you can retain sharp edges.
manual update. Click OK in the dialog box.4.e. that can be manipulated independently.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. The selected element is disassembled. To update the part. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. To update a part. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. that is to say independent elements are created. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). A progression bar is displayed. i.14. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. A resulting element can be made of several cells. fill the gaps.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. 4. while the surface is being disassembled. Select the curve to be smoothed. Click the Curve Smooth icon . and type of discontinuity (point. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. 73 .14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. A progression bar indicates the . the application provides two update modes: automatic update. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. Select the element to be disassembled. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. To warn you that an update is needed.14. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing.
in the specification tree. This involves. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. The axis system displayed in the specification tree.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. It is underlined. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. 4. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. select the branch of your choice. The Change Body dialog box appears. CATIA displays this new Open_body. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . indicating that it is the active open body. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. In the specification tree. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. inserting open body entities. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. removing open body entities and changing body. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree.x.4. The result is immediate.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. 4. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body.
or a pad. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Extremum icon . Min. if it was visible. edges or faces). 5. when combined with other products such as Part Design. Set the correct options: Max. if it was hidden. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. Click OK. 5. a surface. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. The open body or it’s content is hidden. or becomes visible. according to given directions. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. Select a curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. The point (identified as Extremum. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 .command. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. 5. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling.
that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. You can also select a start point. Click Preview. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. lofted. Click OK. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click Preview. is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the spine. Successively select planes. This task shows how to create a spine. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. The spine is displayed. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. 76 . Click the Polar Extremum icon . 5. or filleted surfaces. Max angle. Min angle. Click OK to create the extremum point. the results can be: Min radius. Depending on the selected computation type. a point in this case. Max radius. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Select the supporting surface of the contour.xxx). on a planar contour.
Successively select the two curves to be combined. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the reference Curve to be offset. select the support surface and a direction. whether closed or open. Click the Combine icon . Click the Reflect Lines icon . Key in an angle.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. 5. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . The combine (identified as Combine. Click OK to create the element. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.5. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves.
Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. Select the Guiding curve. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Assembly Design 78 . Click Preview to preview the swept surface. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. Select the Tools -> Options command.5. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. 5.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. The Options dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the swept surface. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. 6. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Select points on guide to add other sections. The General tab displays. The Reference surface is optional. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. When designing the profile to be swept. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon .
select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. 6. 6.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. you need products.2. 6.1) is created in the . Those products can in turn be used to create other products. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.3 Inserting a New Part icon. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The structure of your assembly now 79 . The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. In the specification tree. To create an assembly.2.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. You can use parts to create products. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.2 Inserting a Components 6. 6. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.1). The Product2 (Product2.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.2. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. In the specification tree.
4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. The operation is very simple. 6. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. The application previews the location of the new components. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. Select the component you wish to instantiate. check x-axis. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. on another component for example. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . If geometry exists in the assembly.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. 6. To define the direction of creation. However. The result is immediate. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Click OK to create the components. 6. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. you should keep in mind the 80 . In the specification tree. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure.
Click the Contact Constraint icon . The components involved and their status are indicated. Green graphic symbols are 81 . The selected component is orange framed (default color). opposite. As the contact constraint is created. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Same. indicating orientations. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). 6. Double-clicking activates it. you may obtain concentricity. This constraint is added to the specification tree too.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements.5. Depending on the selected elements. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. 6. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. coaxiality or coplanarity. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined.5. Select the faces to be constrained. Select the face to be constrained. Select the second face to be constrained. Green arrows appear on the selected faces.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint.
The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. In the dialog box that appears. click More to expand the dialog box. Click OK to create the angle component. When setting an angle constraint. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 6. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. The constraint is created. The components involved and their status are indicated. 6. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. 82 .5. 6. Select the component to be fixed. This constraint is added to the specification tree. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees).5. Select the faces to be constrained. Click the Angle Constraint icon . By fixing its position according to other components. Click OK to create the offset constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. which means setting an absolute position. which means setting a relative position. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. This operation is referred to as "Fix". you will have to define an angle value. Click the Offset Constraint icon . This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". that is the light blue .5. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. Keep the Angle option.
You can select as many components as you wish. Angle and Parallelism. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements.5. not necessarily in the active component. Moving one of them moves the other one too. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. The components are attached to each other.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. In the Name field. 6. The Change Type dialog box that appears. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Click the Fix Together icon . The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together.5. 83 . Click the Change Constraint icon . Move the fixed component. The Fix Together dialog box appears. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. Select the two entities to be constrained. displaying the list of selected components. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Select the new type of constraint. Offset. 6.5. Coincidence. Click OK. The first constraint in the list can now be set. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. You can select any constraints.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. Select the constraint to be changed. but they must belong to the active component. Click OK to confirm. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. displays all possible constraints. Click OK to validate the operation. 6. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree.
The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice.6. The default color is black.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Control-click to select the component to be repeated.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. 84 . cut & paste the original component. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Select the Tools -> Options command. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. Select any activated constraint. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. 6. 6. Click the Update icon whole assembly. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. create a new instance.5. indicating they need an update. Using no associativity: the option is off. To do so. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. The constraints are in black. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. The constraint is deactivated. The assembly is updated.
yz and xz planes.8. you will obtain different results.Click OK to repeat the second component. The third row is reserved for rotations. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component.8 Moving Components 6. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. y or z-axis. If you use the option "generated constraints".8.xx" is displayed in the tree. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. 6. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. Depending on the selected elements. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. You can move your component along the x.1" is displayed below this entity. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. 85 . 6. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. You can rotate your component around the x.
The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. 86 . Z. 6. 6.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. A Preview window. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. Click the Sectioning icon. showing the generated section. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. Optionally. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. move and rotate the section plane. it creates constraints. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. The plane passes through the line. invert the normal vector of the plane.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. also appears. The line is projected onto the plane. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. The point is projected onto the line. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection.8. reference plane or cylinder axis). The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. The point is projected onto the plane. The section plane is automatically created. edge. Both lines become collinear.
10. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. 6. Add. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. graphical attributes. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. To edit an assembly split. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit.6. Perform the required modifications.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. Click the Create Scene icon . Hole. which in turn must contain one part at least. For instance modify: viewpoint. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. 6. Remove. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . Pocket. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. double-click 'Assembly Split. Within a scene. click them to reverse the direction. Click OK to confirm. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. The active product at least must include two components. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. the "show" or "hide" state of the components.X' in assembly features available in history tree. keep in mind the following. the graphical attributes of the components. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. show-no show. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". Perform a Symmetry. Click Ok to end the scene creation.
3D is the default type. Four computation types are available: Between all components. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and.they were in the initial product. Keep it. 88 .12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. The Explode dialog box is displayed. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Keep All levels set by default. 6. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Click the Explode icon . Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Click Apply to perform the operation. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. 6. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Selection against all. Between two selections. keep the selection as it is. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. if necessary. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Set the explode type.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Inside one selection. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Click Apply to check for interferences. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products.
Click the Mechanical Design category. The General tab appears. Click the Mechanical Design category.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options.. Select Tools -> Options. containing three categories of options: External References.14.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options..14.6. The General tab appears. Update and Delete Operation 6.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. 6. Quick Constraint. Constraint Creation. then the Assembly Design subcategory. then the Assembly Design subcategory. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Access to geometry. displaying the following options: Update. 89 .14. Click the Infrastructure category. Move components. command.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.
7..Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. . Select the Drafting workbench. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet..7. Select the 90 . interactive or generated views. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. from the menu bar. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. as well as information on the drawing standards. 7. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. You may also add. Click OK.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created.
the view to be created is framed in green. and then click OK. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. 91 . Select the 1:1 scale. From the New Drawing dialog box. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet.Drawing workbench. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. Even though you then delete sheet1. and click OK. When you create a view. If you click this view.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. or the A0 ISO format. The active view is framed in red. 7. until you click at the desired view location. The non-active views are framed in blue. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. Select the orientation type. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). The new sheet automatically appears. select the ISO standard. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. 7.
The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only).6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet.Start creating the front view. Select object. respectively. before the generated view(s) is/are updated.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Any modification applied to the specifications. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. Blue arrows appear. You can update all views or a selection of views. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. 7. Click on sheet to place front view. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. You can perform an update. Right-click the frame of the view. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. As you move the cursor. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Click the Drawing window. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. 7. relatively to the front view previously generated. a previewed projection 92 . Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). is detected. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box.
it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). 93 . Click to position the auxiliary view. 7. 7. In sectioning through irregular objects. together with the top view. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. use Undo or Redo icons. at any time. Click to position the callout. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Click the Drawing window. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. completely describes the object. you can. This auxiliary view. Click an edge on the view. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. for example the right view position. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane.
Or.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. Click the Drawing window. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. you will select the Clipping 94 . If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click the callout center. Click the Drawing window. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. 7. and click the Aligned Section Cut . you will click the Detail View Profile icon . In this particular case. Click to generate the detail view. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. You can modify this scale. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. the dialog is exactly the same. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar).11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Click to generate the view. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile.7. Click the Drawing window. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. 7.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object.
Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. the right. the top. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar).13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. as well as blue manipulators appear. Double-click to end 95 . Click the 3D part. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). If needed. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. A breakout view is often a partial section. 7. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. the left. translate the profile.Profile View icon . A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Red zones appear. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click on the sheet. Click the Drawing window. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. 7. Click the first point of the breakout profile. 7.
Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. 7. From the contextual menu. Click the Drawing window. views are by default linked to the parent view.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened.18 Scaling a View 96 . Select the CATPart document.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. select Selected objects -> isolate. Bottom view. Once you are satisfied. and right-click them. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. 7. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. 7. Left view and Right view).16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). At creation. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Click next add any other view if required. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. or all views in the drawing. 7. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. the Top view. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Click to position the left view. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.
The detail view is updated. For modifying the detail and section callout. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. go to Product Structure workbench. In this particular case. If needed.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Click OK. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. 7. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. if you are in the background view.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. This Bill of Material. In this case. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. or parts list. Before positioning the Bill of Material. 97 . Balloons generated 7. double-click the front view. you can pre-define the position. right-click the detail view. This view is now active. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon .20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. 7. section views and section cuts. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted.
22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. distance The dimensions below: 98 . diameter Angle. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. only sketched constraints are generated. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. 3. 7. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Right-click the pattern to be modified. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Double-click the callout to be modified. radius. the section view is automatically updated. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. For example.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. 4. distance. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. 7. 2. On views including more dimensions. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. On the view for which the dimension are generated.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. On the view with a bigger scale. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. Then click OK in this Pattern table. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. Drag one of the element components to the desired location.
there is only one) is automatically displayed. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. length. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Click OK to close the dialog box.23. to start the dimension generation. In the case of drawings with several views. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. dimensions are generated on all the views. angle. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. Dimensions 99 .23. by default. radius and diameter.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. 7.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7.
if needed. on the contrary.24 Creating a Datum Feature . text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. If you select a point in the free space. the anchor point will be a small balloon. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. If you select an element. no leader will be created. Click OK when you're done. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. 100 . The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Select an element (geometry. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). Click OK. the anchor point will be an arrow. 7. The datum feature is created. If you select a dimension or a text. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. Enter the desired character string. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. dimension. The geometrical tolerance is created. not generated.Click the Not Generated option .25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation).
2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text.26 Annotations 7.7.26. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. If needed. etc. Text properties can be applied to text. and select Text Properties. justification. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. size. 101 .26. such as font style. Choose View -> Toolbars. text with leader. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. Set the properties of a text. dimension text. A red frame appears. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). 7. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. balloon and datum target.
Select an element.26.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Enter values in the desired field(s).7. Click OK.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. 7. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. If needed. Click to define the balloon anchor point. You can enter another string or value as needed. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Open any CATProduct document. Go over one of the part with your cursor. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click OK. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Ra=1.26. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. 102 . Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar.26. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears.6. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. On this CATProduct document. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). 7.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. For example. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product.
The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. You can also split a table. 7. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. and insert a view in a table. import a table. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. insert columns. and insert views. 7. Click OK.26.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. modify the geometry-welding symbol. If needed. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. The welding leader will appear. you can add text.7.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. The welding symbol is created. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. invert columns. and then click to validate. Select the two elements. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location.26. The welding symbols available depend on your standard.27 Editing Properties 103 . rows. Click OK. If needed. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. In this table. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.26. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. invert lines. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Click the icon to launch the command. switch lines and columns. 7. merges cells. Click ok to validate the creation.
Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. 3D spec. Dress up: Hidden lines. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. edit annotation font properties. Lines and Curves option. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. if needed. Axis. Choose the View tab. dress-up elements. Click OK. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. if needed. Center line. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Choose your options. 3D Colors. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Scale: the scale of the view. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Among other things. Thread. no more modification allowed in the view. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). you can create a formula for the view name. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Fillets. 3D Points. Lock view: if you check this option. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. 3D Wireframe. Click the Graphic Tab.
The associated panel is displayed. Select the Tools->Options command. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Modify the available options. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. 105 . it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. if needed. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. In other words. Grid: To define your grid. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. In the Properties dialog box that appears.then select the Edit-> Properties command. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. click the Font tab. if needed. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. frame. or leader). Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. edit dimension text properties. 7. The Options dialog box appears. edit dimension value properties. Modify the available options.
select this option and then click the Types and colors button. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. As a result. View axis: When you activate a view. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . you can choose to visualize the view axis. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. the dimension is automatically re-computed. Select the Dimension tab in Options. To activate this mode. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. In addition. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. when you update the drawing. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. following it dynamically during the creation process.
Apply 3D specification. either or not using SmartPick. Alignment. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . end points included. Automatic positioning after generation. Properties option. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. View tab): Generate axis. if a component is used two times within a product. Project 3D points. Parallelism. 3D colors inheritance. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Project 3D wireframe. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Select the Geometry tab. Allow automatic transfer between views. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. If all of the detection options are unchecked. 107 . The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Hidden lines. Filters before generation. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Generate fillet. Generate threads. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Generate centerlines.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Select the Generation tab. perpendicularity and tangency. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Analysis after generation. Horizontality and verticality. or still adding constraints to this geometry. then the balloon will be generated twice. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option.
Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. the following dialog box appears. As a result. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. and only visualized by. you can define that you want or not the view name. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. This element is used as positioning reference. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. It is not used for creating solid primitives. the sketch. Select the Layout tab. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. f)Annotations 108 . SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. scaling factor or frame to appear. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. For this before callout creation check this option. Constraint diagnostics. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. If you click the other color of the elements switch button.
Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. as you will choose to load the referenced document. according to the orientation.You can customize given options when creating annotations. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. 7. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. or both. Press OK. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Select the Edit->Links command. no matter what the view scale is. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved.. press the shift key. Activate the settings. In this particular case. Press OK. 109 . It is now possible to customize the settings. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations.. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. Select the Annotation tab. command.
Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command.2 Creating Views 110 . Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. Then check Activate analysis display mode and.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab).8. Create Detected Constraints. 8. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Snap to Point. if needed. Create Constraints. To modify these colors. Force Dimension on Element. View. True Length Dimension 8.
The view plane can be defined and if needed. In other words. Right-click the view used as reference. For example. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. From an active front view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. by double-clicking on this view. Press OK. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. Click the Drawing window. modified in this dialog box. a bottom view. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. you can create: a top view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. 8.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. Click the New View icon . In this case. For this. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric).4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Press OK. double-click on this isometric view. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. This is true for any kind of view. dimensions. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. a left view and a right view. A blue axis displays in a red frame. In other words. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. 8.
select an arc of a circle in the front view. using the Action-Object mode. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. ellipse. In this case.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. At any time. using the ObjectAction mode. 112 . curve). you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Select. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. in another view. and then transformed into the receiving view. You will first add elements to an existing view. hyperbola. using the Action-Object mode. Add elements to an existing view. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. the object to be projected. circle. Select more elements to be projected. if needed. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. select a circle in the top view.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. parabola. In this case. 8.
using the Object-Action mode. select the whole front view. Select the object defining the view to be created. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view.Create an isometric view from scratch. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. In this case. Make the isometric view active (double-click). 113 . Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view.
a configuration. etc. In the contextual menu.6 Reframing a View In this task. You can reframe any type of view: front views. Select the view and right-click the view frame. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. The frame can only be rectangular. Click on the frame to select it. Click the View tab. isometric views. a mode: measured or constraining mode. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. clipping views. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. Click OK. a distance constraint. select the Visual Clipping check box. 8. In the Visualization and Behavior area.8. details views. If you want constraints to be created. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. as you want. choose Properties.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example.
or between generated elements. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. click in the drawing. Click a first element in the view. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. 8. but not between a mix of these. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. you will learn how to create dimensions. click the Dimensions icon. The software proposes you parallelism by default. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( .9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. 8. When creating dimensions on elements. you can preview the dimensions to be created. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). click a second element in the view. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. If needed. 8. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. If you choose this constraint.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. On the Dimensioning toolbar. In other words. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. you can only create constraints between similar elements. In other words. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. these relations will be taken into account.
i. and then the second element.toolbar). The centerline created is associative with the reference line. Select a circle. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular).e. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Select the reference line. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. you can also access the Properties options. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. 8. 116 . Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. 8. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Red end points appear.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Click to validate the dimension creation. click the centerline. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. Select the dimension.
The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. In this particular case. Click the Drawing window. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). part-generated elements. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. In the Pattern dialog box. generated elements. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. you will apply a thread to a hole. . part-sketched. The thread is created. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. from the (Tools toolbar). 117 from the Dress up toolbar. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Click the Drawing window. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. The axes and centerlines are created. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. Select the Reference Thread type option line. dotting or coloring). The axis line is created. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select two lines. The Tap type option activated by default. Click the Drawing window. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. Click the Drawing window. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. The thread is created according to this reference. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles.
A contextual menu appears. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. To modify the position of the arrow. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. 118 . To add a breakpoint to the arrow. Click the Drawing window. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. which represents the fillet edge. For the purpose of this exercise. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. Select Add a Breakpoint. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. you can drag it to change the arrow path.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. under the line. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). The arrow and the selected object are associative. The Area Detection dialog box appears. The arrow is created. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location.
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