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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. Moreover. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. For that we need level three: SM systems. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. and are less expensive.Generally. cost. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. not just that of exterior. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. and costs are generally lower. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. 1. and flexibility. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes.
SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. rather than a part of engineering. 8 . 1. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. DESIGN. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. SM systems are now being used to design power plants.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. or on the surface of the object in question.systems to handle architectural problems. outside. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. By its nature. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. centre of gravity. 1. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. weight. so mass properties (volume. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. surface area. 1. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. In this way.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined.4 LAYOUTS. to be sure. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate.
Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. or select a planar surface. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i.1. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. 9 . Without solids. and the origin and orientation of the axis system.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. 2. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems.e. Once created. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. but one that can be surmounted.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). and then select Edit. automation of process planning is also impossible. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. With solid.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. To do this from the 3D. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. it remains a challenge. if you need for more complex sketches 2.
Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. on some occasions. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. . a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.2. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. i. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). Snap to Point If activated. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. Construction elements 10 . you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. in which you specify the reference plane. 2. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis.e.
Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. These elements cannot be modified. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. uses edges.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). graphically speaking. 2. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. 11 . as soon as the diagnostic is solved. and only visualized by. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). As a result. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. These elements are used as positioning references. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. the sketch.
Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. SmartPick will return information via symbols. two or three elements. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. at the midpoint of a line. . Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). The constraints are in priority dimensional. whenever possible.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one.6 Creating Constraints 2. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. all over a curve. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. at the intersection point of two curves. using coordinates. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. any of the above cases possibly combined together. Using SmartPick. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. at the extremity point of a curve.6. on a point. According to the various active options. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. the 2.
Select a second element. For editing. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Select the profile to be constrained. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. 2.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Select a first element. 13 . Coincidence.6. coincidence and tangency.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Angle. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. the application displays it in green. they are checked in the dialog box. Parallelism or Perpendicular).6. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. Horizontal.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. 2. Click OK to constrain the sketch. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Fix. If constraints already exist. by default. This constraint can be created between either two elements. 2. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length.6. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. Once the profile is fully constrained. You can either select the geometry or the command first.
c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Click to create the oriented rectangle. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically.2. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. 14 . Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle.
e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. two centers & two radii. Click to create the parallelogram. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile.
j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). Click three elements. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. circle centers appear on the sketch. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . m) Creating an Arc 16 . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. By default. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle.
Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar.It shows how to create an arc.start. s) Creating a Conic 17 . Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. start point and end point. end. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. There are three possibilities. c) Through three points –start. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. Double-click to end the spline. middle. center and apex. b) Through three points . a) The arc center point. Clicking another command ends the spline too. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. To create a Parabola click the focus. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. end. middle. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. To create a hyperbola click the focus.
if needed. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. a parabola or a hyperbola. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. one after the other. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. Click two points on the two existing lines. As a result. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. Click the line first point (first point). a circle. in accordance with both points previously clicked. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. x) Creating an Axis 18 . The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. To edit. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical.
Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. of course you can create this point manually. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. In this task. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Select a first line (or an axis). y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Select a second line (or an axis). The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve.This task shows how to create an axis. 2. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: .8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 .
3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Trim All / First / No element. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. . You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Select the two lines. the first or none of the elements. Select the two lines. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the first line. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Select the two curves. The second line is also highlighted. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . You can create rounded corners between curves. Create two intersecting lines. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Length1/Length2. Length1/Angle. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer.
Select one or more elements to be relimited. Create a three points arc. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. These options are Rubber In. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Rubber out.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. a three point arc. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). a construction line or an axis. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. The line is now composed of two movable segments. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. 21 from the Sketch tools . The arc will now be closed. and Break. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the line to be broken. For example. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar.
Select or click the rotation center point. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Multi-selection is not available. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Enter the number of copies you need. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Select or click a point to define an angle. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. if needed. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Select the element(s) to be translated. multi-select the entire profile. In the Translation Definition dialog box. The duplicate mode is activated by default.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. enter a precise value for the translation length. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. De-activate the Duplicate mode. In other words. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Select the geometry to be rotated. Here.
There are two possibilities. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The line to be created appears. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. by creating several offset instances. These projections are yellow. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. The selected line is duplicated. Select the face of interest. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. the line to be created appears immediately. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. arc or circle. If the line is not already selected. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. Both lines are parallel. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. The intersection is yellow. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). select it.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. Select the surface. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. These 23 . You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar).
You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. The Options dialog box appears. in the Tools toolbar. Graduations. 2. 2. Primary spacing. It indicates the overall 24 . Expand the Mechanical Design option. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. In other words. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. 2. You can now sketch the required profile.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. The Sketcher tab appears. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. and then click Sketcher.
This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). To open it. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. 25 . a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.3. The New dialog box is displayed. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. from simple to advance. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. 3. which is fully integrated into Part Design. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. This application. b) the geometry area. offers a highly productive. Actually. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. c) specific toolbars.
Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Use the combo to choose the desired point type.3.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. 26 . Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. 3. Between: Creating point between two other points. . Point – Point: Create line between the two points.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. ellipse. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface.2. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X.2. Y. 3. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Use the combo to choose the desired line type.
The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. The Plane Definition dialog box appears.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Once you have defined the plane. others in removing material. Shaft. Some operations consist in adding material. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. In this section. Rib.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Pocket. 27 .2. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Loft. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. 3. Click the Plane icon . Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Slot. it is represented by a red square symbol. Groove. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type.Regardless of the line type. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. and Remove Loft.
Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. By default.3. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . Just click the More button and define the second limit. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3.Up to Last. For each of them.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Up to Plane. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. You will notice that by default. if you extrude a profile. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded.3. the application specifies the length of your pad.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. Up to Surface. If you wish to define another length for this direction. 3. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. 28 . you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value.
Note 29 . By default. if you extrude a profile. Click the Pocket icon . Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3. To specify another direction. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. up to last. using different length values. set the Type parameter to Dimension.3.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. 3.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Alternatively. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. The specification tree indicates this creation. Select the profile to be extruded. up to plane. To define a specific depth. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . up to surface. Click OK to create the pocket. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Double-click Pocket to edit it. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Optionally click Preview to see the result.3. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.
3. 3. and click Preview to see the result. The method described here is also valid for pockets. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed.3. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. For the purposes of our scenario. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. Select the open profile. you do not have to select the axis. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. The resulting features are then called "thin solids".that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. and click Preview to see the result. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. For each of them. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. 3. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. select LIM1 or 30 . If needed.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. pockets and stiffeners. Once you have done your modifications. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. Enter Thickness1 's value. You need an open or closed profile. The profile is previewed in dotted line. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Click the Shaft icon . To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Enter Thickness2 's value. Consequently. Alternatively. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green.
you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. For the purposes of our scenario. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. This task shows you how to create a groove. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. If needed. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. you do not have to select the axis. Click Preview to see the result. 3. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles.3. Consequently.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. Click OK to confirm the 31 . Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). Click OK to confirm. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. Click the Groove icon . You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Select the profile. The shaft is created. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. The specification tree mentions it has been created.
3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. 3. 3. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. but you can use standard values.3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. you can enter the values of your choice. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. To define a thread.3. you need a center curve.operation. By default.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option.3. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. To define a rib. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.
Select the profile you wish to sweep. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed.2. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. New options are then available. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. you can select a plane or an edge. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. To define this direction. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. it can be discontinuous in tangency. Click OK.11 Slot 33 . It should be a closed profile. To create Rib.3.element or a pulling direction. Click the Rib icon . The specification tree mentions this creation. 3. The rib is created. The application now previews the rib to be created.
The Loft Definition dialog box appears. 3. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. Click OK to create the volume. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Select the three section curves. Select the profile.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. you need a center curve.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. Reference surface. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. To define a slot.3. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Tangency. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. the application computes a spine. 34 . The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. Pulling direction. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. a planar profile. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. Tangency then curvature. Click the Loft icon . You can note that by default. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. Vertices. By default. They are highlighted in the geometry area. Click the Slot icon . The resulting feature is a closed volume. It is closed. The feature (identified as Loft.
By default. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry.3. the application computes a spine. Click OK to create the lofted surface. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. Select the profile to be extruded. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. The feature (identified as Loft.3. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material.3. . Click the Remove Loft icon . but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. If you need to use an open profile. Select required sections & guide curves if needed.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. 3.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.
1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. The specification tree indicates it has been created. you can then trim the fillets to be created. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. depending on the radius value you specified. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears.4. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Click OK. 36 . Conversely. Tangency. The stiffener is created. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. Check the Neutral Fiber option. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. 3. Click the Edge Fillet icon . the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. CATIA displays the radius value. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. When filleting an edge. If you set the Tangency mode. Select the edges.
Depending on the curve's shape. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. 3. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Click OK. Click OK. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. The faces are filleted. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.3. The specification tree indicates this creation. Select the faces to be filleted.4. 3.4.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. Select the face to be removed. The fillet will be tangent to this face. Select the faces to be filleted. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2.5 Basic Draft 37 . 3.4. Click OK.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces.4. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. the application chamfers its edges. Instead of entering a radius value.
The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. 3. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. Parting element: this plane. Click OK. If Keep Parting =Neutral. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. This element will remain the same during the draft.4.
Enter the Default inside thickness field. To add a point on the edge. Select face as the neutral element. To edit the other angle value.9 Thickness 39 . Enter an angle value in the Angle field. indicating the default pulling direction. Click the Shell icon . Click OK. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. The feature is shelled. Select the face to be removed. The reflect line is moved accordingly. 3. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Select the face to be drafted. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. 3. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. 3. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. Select the face. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. You can add as many points as you wish. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon .4.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it.4. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry.4. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. Click OK to confirm. The selected face becomes purple. click the Points field.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink.
The application previews the thread. Limit faces must be planar. Specify the translation distance by entering a value.4. This creation appears in the specification tree. Enter the thread depth. Check the Left-Threaded option. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Enter a positive value. Click the Thread/Tap icon .You can add or remove thickness to parts. Y. Click Preview. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Click the Translate icon . Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. The part is thickened accordingly. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. 3.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Click OK to confirm.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3.5. 3. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. but the thread (identified as Thread. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The element (identified as Translate.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the faces to thicken. 40 . Click the Thickness icon . This task shows you how to translate a body. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. You can also specify the direction by means of X. pitch value. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Click OK. Select the upper face as the limit face. Click OK to create the translated element. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.
The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The element (identified as Rotate.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Enter a value for the rotation angle. The specification tree mentions this creation. The element is rotated. The application previews the material to be created. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Select an edge as the rotation axis. 3.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. 3. Select a point. Click the Symmetry icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to confirm the operation.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click the Rotate icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The command applies to current bodies. The pads are mirrored.5. Click OK to create the rotated element. 3. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference.5. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. The new element (identified as Symmetry.3. Click the Mirror icon .5. line or plane as reference element.5. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.
Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Instances & angular spacing. If needed. These features accelerate the creation process. Click the Circular Pattern icon . The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims.This is the resulting pattern. Defining the spacing along the grid. Patterns let you do so. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation.5. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Let the Instances & Spacing option. circular and user patterns. An arrow is displayed on the pad.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. The feature "RectPattern. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Angular spacing & total angle. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. 42 . Spacing & Length. Click OK. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. complete crown. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Instances & Spacing. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Now. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Select the feature you wish to copy. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern.
you are going to add a crown to your part. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. The body is scaled. To do so.5.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. These points are created in the Sketch. click the Crown Definition tab. To define a direction. Click the Scaling icon . One more ring of pads will be added. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Select the reference point located on the body. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Click Preview.6 Measuring 3.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . This axis will be normal to the face. 3. The feature appears in the Object field. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field.5. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad.6. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. The pad will be repeated seven times. Click OK. 3. The specification tree indicates this creation. Click the User Pattern icon . you can select an edge or a planar face. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Select the body to be scaled.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Click OK. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. 3.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. Click OK. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Now.
6. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. surfaces and entire products).3 Measuring Inertia 44 . edges. 3. The Measure Item dialog box appears.6. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. or an entire product (selection 2). A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. By default. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. 3. Switch to Design Mode. edges. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. surfaces. etc. icon in the Definition box. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Click to select a surface. Click the Measure Between icon. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. edge or vertex. vertices and entire products) or between points. Click to select another surface.). approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edge or vertex. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. Click the Measure Item icon. If exact values cannot be measured. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. This command lets you choose the selection mode. The Measure Between dialog box appears. edges.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. or an entire product (selection 1).
The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. 3. Click the Split icon . If the arrow points in the wrong direction. The measure is made on the selection. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. The area. the dialog box also gives the area. density. density and mass of the selected item. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept.7. Click the Measure Inertia icon. Material has been removed. you can click it to reverse the direction.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. geometry or assembly. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. 45 .7 Surface-Based Features 3. face or surface. indicating the splitting element. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. Click OK. The body is split. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. you must select the desired sub-product. Select the splitting surface. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. volume (volumes only). In addition to the center of gravity G.
Click the Close Surface icon . Select the object you wish to thicken.7.7. Select the surface to be closed.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. The surface is thickened. Click the Thick Surface icon . The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. that is the extrude element. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. just click it. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click OK. In the geometry area.INITIAL 3. The surface is closed . If you need to reverse the arrow. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. INITIAL 3. 46 . Click OK.
This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Click OK. indicating the object to be sewn.INITIAL FINAL 3. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body.7. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Click the Sew Surface icon . The surface is sewn onto the body.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. Some material has been removed. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.
CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. material has been added. To assemble them. The result is immediate.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Click OK to confirm. Click the Insert Body icon. This is your new Part Body. 3. Intersecting Bodies. Assembling Bodies.x" in the specification tree. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform.8. You will notice that Part Body and Body. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. INITIAL 48 . you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. 3.x are autonomous. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body.8. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body.3. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. Trimming Bodies. if you wish to combine them. Now. indicating that it is the active body. It is underlined. When your part includes several bodies. During the operation. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . By default. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. Removing Bodies. It allows you to create complex geometry.
The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .FINAL 3. By default.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.8. Click the Add icon .
You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.1 has been removed.Part Body. Click OK. INITIAL FINAL 50 .
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. When selecting a sketch as 54 ..Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. The Options dialog box is displayed. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. Geometry. 4. Update. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts.. Select the Tools -> Options command. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. Update. The tab appears. When creating a geometric element. Click the Infrastructure category. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. command Click the Infrastructure category.This task shows you how to set general settings. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. The General tab appears..Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. 3. containing three categories of options: External References. they will not be deleted. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Delete Operation .Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. and Delete Operation.9.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. you often need to select other elements as inputs. Select the Tools -> Options. External References.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. which means that if they are shared by other features. and their origins when you are editing these elements. copied elements for example. then Display tab. you just need to use the Isolate command.
You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). If you check the with end points option. Select a curve or a Point on curve. 4. Click OK to create the planes.the input element. depending on the feature you are creating. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. 4.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. 4. in only one operation.3 Creating Polylines 55 . The Planes Between dialog box appears. some restrictions apply. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. Click the Planes Repetition icon .
Tritangent.xxx) is added to the specification tree. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Bitangent and point . Two points and radius. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Three points.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Click the Circle icon . Select several points in a row to create a polyline. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Click the Polyline icon . Enter a Radius value. Enter all input as specified. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. 4. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Bitangent and radius . Center and point. 56 . The circle (identified as Circle.
Remove the selected point. 57 . It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.4. Add a point before the selected point. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Replace the selected point by another point.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. Click the Spline icon . An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. You can select the Geometry on support check box. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. and select a support.
Select two curves as reference element.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. Select a starting point and an axis. Several solutions may be possible. Orientation. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Click OK to create the corner.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Starting Angle. The corner will be created between these two references. Taper Angle. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution.4. The helical curve (identified as Helix. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. The reference elements must lie on this support. Select the Support surface. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Set the helix parameters: Pitch.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. Height. 58 . 4. such as coils and springs for example. Click the Helix icon . or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Click the Corner icon . as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Click OK to create the helix. Enter a Radius value. Profile.
4.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. that is the distance from the Center point. when the spiral is defined by an angle. Click OK to create the connect curve. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . along the Reference direction.Define the spiral's Orientation. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Tangency or Curvature. Click the Connect Curve icon . Specify the Start radius value. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is a in 2D plane. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve.4. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. Click the Spiral icon .
passing points or tangents.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. Click the Projection icon . The projection is added to the specification tree. You can select several elements to be projected. Click OK to create the projection element. Select the element to be projected. Select the Support element. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. hyperbolas or ellipses. 4.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. Click the Conic icon . The Conic Definition dialog box opens. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction.4. The projection may be normal or along a direction. 60 . The Projection Definition dialog box appears.
61 .) 4. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. A Face. Point. Avoid using input elements. Click OK to create the intersection element. The intersection is displayed. lines. Click the Intersection icon . A Contour. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. Select the two elements to be intersected.Fill in the conic curve parameters.xxx) is added to the specification tree. This element (identified as Intersect. etc.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears.
13. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Click OK to create the surface.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. 62 . lofting and sweeping. Click the Extrude icon . 4. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile.4. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Geometry with no history is called a datum.
The spherical surface is based on a center point. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. and angular limits.13. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.13. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. Click the Revolve icon . Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. 4. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.4. Click OK to create the surface. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.
Select the surface to be offset. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. 4. Click OK to create the surfaces. Click the Offset icon . The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.13. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Click Apply to preview the surface.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. along 64 . Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required.13. 4. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Click OK to create the surface.dialog box is displayed. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. Select the center point of the sphere.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. one on each side of the reference surface.
b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The surface (identified as Sweep. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. then use the combo to choose the subtype. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Limit and middle. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. Click the Line profile icon. Click the Explicit profile icon. Click OK to create the swept surface. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. select a Spine. If no spine is selected. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. Click the Sweep icon . Select the planar Profile to be swept out. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. If needed. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. If needed. Click the Sweep icon . You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. The five possible cases are Two limits. Click the Circle icon. select a Second Guide. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. With tangency surface.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. you can select a reference Surface. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. With draft direction. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. With reference surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. 65 . With reference curve. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select a Guide curve. In the Smooth sweeping section. Click the Sweep icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree.
You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. 4. The surface (identified as Sweep. 4. Select one or two section curves.13. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. Click OK to create the swept surface. the results may be inconsistent.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. Click the Sweep icon . The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Click the Loft icon . a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. such as parabolas. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. hyperbolas or ellipses. Three guides.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. If 66 . Click OK to create the swept surface. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Five guides. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Four guides. Click the Fill icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Replace the selected element by another curve. The surface (identified as Sweep. Remove the selected element.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. and enter a radius value.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Conic icon. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. Select guide curves. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Click OK to create the fill surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. If not. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select a passing point.13. Two guides.
Tangency. Start extremity. taking a number of constraints into account. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine.needed. translating and rotating. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. Select the element to be split. Click OK. then the second curve and its support. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. Tangency then curvature. Click the Blend icon . or on none. Several coupling types are available. In that case. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface.14. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. 67 . None. A preview of the split appears. 4. only on the End section. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. You can select several cutting elements. Click OK to create the lofted surface. continuity. select one or more guide curves.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. End extremity. In the Spine tab page. Successively select the first curve and its support.13. on both. 4. Click the Split icon . Vertices. The surface (identified as Blend. The Split Definition dialog box appears. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. 4. such as tension.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. and so forth.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the cutting element.
You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. 68 .14.xxx) is added to the specification tree. In that case it appears as a separate Split. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. Click the Trim icon . You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. A preview of the trimmed element appears.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. The trimmed element (identified as Trim.xxx element in the specification tree. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. 4. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. Click OK to split the element. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.
4. Click OK to create the boundary curve. Select an edge or the face of an element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. Click OK to extract the element. or Tangent continuity. Click the Boundary icon . 69 . You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.14.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. solids.).14. and so forth. No propagation. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears.4. The extracted element (identified as Extract. Select a Surface edge. Click the Extract icon . a point on the curve for example. without deleting the initial element. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. points. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. The selected element is highlighted. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements.
14. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Select a line as the rotation axis.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. or more. point.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click the Translate icon . Select a point. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. line or plane as reference element.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one.4. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. The element (identified as Translate . Select the element to be transformed by scaling.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Select the Vector Definition. Select the scaling reference point. Click the Rotate icon . Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Click the Scaling icon .14. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces.xxx) is added to the specification tree. plane or planar surface. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle.14. Click the Affinity icon . The Affinity Definition dialog box appears.14. 4. Select the element to be translated. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the scaled element. line or surface element.14. Click OK. Click OK to create the rotated element. Click the Symmetry icon . 4. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the translated element. 4. Select the element to be rotated. 4.
10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Other options available are Simplify the result. Merging distance. Ignore erroneous elements. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. 71 . Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Click the Join icon. Z values. Click the Extrapolate icon . Sub-Elements To Remove.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Y. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex.14. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. federation. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface.14.operation. Click OK to create the affinity element. 4. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. 4. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Angle Tolerance. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Select a surface Boundary. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface.
Provided the Tangent mode is active. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the surface which limits should be restored. You can also set the Distance objective. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. Click the Healing icon.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces.14. A progression bar is displayed. Click OK in the dialog box. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. while the surface is restored. and selecting one or more edges. From the Parameters tab. you can retain sharp edges. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the healed surfaces.14. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. Select the surface which limits should be restored. by clicking the Sharpness tab. 4.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon.4. The surface (identified as Heal. 72 . Select the surfaces to be healed. define the distance below which elements are to be healed.
15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. Select the curve to be smoothed. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. manual update. Click the Curve Smooth icon . The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. that is to say independent elements are created. 73 .15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. Select the element to be disassembled.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. Click OK in the dialog box.4.e.14. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing.14. A resulting element can be made of several cells. To update the part. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). A progression bar is displayed. The selected element is disassembled. while the surface is being disassembled. i. To warn you that an update is needed. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. 4. fill the gaps. A progression bar indicates the . and type of discontinuity (point. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. To update a part. that can be manipulated independently.
4. The Change Body dialog box appears. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. indicating that it is the active open body. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. In the specification tree. CATIA displays this new Open_body. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . 4.x.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. The axis system displayed in the specification tree.4. select the branch of your choice.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. This involves. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. It is underlined. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . removing open body entities and changing body. in the specification tree. The result is immediate. inserting open body entities. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command.
if it was visible. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. 5. Click OK. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. Select a curve. or a pad.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. 5. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. when combined with other products such as Part Design. or becomes visible.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Min. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. Click the Extremum icon . The open body or it’s content is hidden. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. if it was hidden. edges or faces). according to given directions. Set the correct options: Max. The point (identified as Extremum.command. a surface. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. 5.
in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. Successively select planes. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Click Preview. a point in this case.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. The spine is displayed. lofted. Min angle. 76 . that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Click Preview. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. This task shows how to create a spine. Click OK. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. the results can be: Min radius. Select the supporting surface of the contour. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle.xxx). The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. or filleted surfaces. Depending on the selected computation type. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. 5. Click the Polar Extremum icon . You can also select a start point. Click OK to create the extremum point. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Max angle. Max radius.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the spine. on a planar contour. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.
Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Select the reference Curve to be offset. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. Key in an angle. Successively select the two curves to be combined. The Combine Definition dialog box appears.5. Click OK to create the element. 5. select the support surface and a direction. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. whether closed or open. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Click the Combine icon . Click the Parallel Curve icon . The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . The combine (identified as Combine.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
5. The General tab displays. The Reference surface is optional.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Click OK to create the swept surface. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Select the Tools -> Options command. When designing the profile to be swept. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. The Options dialog box is displayed. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. 6. 5. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Select the Guiding curve. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. Select points on guide to add other sections. Assembly Design 78 .
Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench.2.1). Those products can in turn be used to create other products. 6. To create an assembly. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts.1) is created in the .1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly.2. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. you need products. The Product2 (Product2.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. 6. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. 6. You can use parts to create products.3 Inserting a New Part icon. In the specification tree. The structure of your assembly now 79 .2 Inserting a Components 6.2. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. In the specification tree.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. 6. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.
Click OK to create the components. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. However. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Select the component you wish to instantiate. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. you should keep in mind the 80 .4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. 6. The result is immediate.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. The application previews the location of the new components. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon .This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. The operation is very simple. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. In the specification tree. check x-axis. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . 6. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. If geometry exists in the assembly. on another component for example. 6. To define the direction of creation.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed.
The selected component is orange framed (default color). As the contact constraint is created. you may obtain concentricity. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Depending on the selected elements. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. opposite. 6. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Double-clicking activates it.5. The components involved and their status are indicated. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. Click the Contact Constraint icon .5. indicating orientations.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. 6.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Select the faces to be constrained. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Same. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Select the second face to be constrained. coaxiality or coplanarity. Green graphic symbols are 81 . Select the face to be constrained.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component.
In the dialog box that appears. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. Click OK to create the offset constraint. which means setting an absolute position.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.5. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. Click the Offset Constraint icon .4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. Keep the Angle option. 82 . This operation is referred to as "Fix". This constraint is added to the specification tree. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Select the faces to be constrained. 6. which means setting a relative position.5. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. 6. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. 6.5. Click OK to create the angle component. Select the component to be fixed. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). Parallelism (angle value equals zero). Note that four sectors are available: constraint. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. you will have to define an angle value. Click the Angle Constraint icon . The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". Select the faces to be constrained.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. The components involved and their status are indicated. click More to expand the dialog box. When setting an angle constraint.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. that is the light blue . By fixing its position according to other components. The constraint is created.
but they must belong to the active component. Click OK.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together.5. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Angle and Parallelism. Click the Change Constraint icon . The first constraint in the list can now be set. not necessarily in the active component. 6. 6. Select the constraint to be changed. Moving one of them moves the other one too. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create.5. Select the two entities to be constrained. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . 83 . You can select as many components as you wish. Click OK to confirm. displaying the list of selected components. You can select any constraints. Click the Fix Together icon . The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Move the fixed component.5. Click OK to validate the operation. The Fix Together dialog box appears.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. Select the new type of constraint. Offset. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. The Change Type dialog box that appears.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. The components are attached to each other. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. In the Name field. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. 6. Coincidence. displays all possible constraints.
indicating they need an update. cut & paste the original component. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. 6. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. The default color is black.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. Click the Update icon whole assembly. Select any activated constraint.6. three options are available: Reuse the original component. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. 6.5.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. The assembly is updated. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. Using no associativity: the option is off. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. The constraints are in black. 84 . the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. Select the Tools -> Options command. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. create a new instance. The constraint is deactivated. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. To do so. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual.
Depending on the selected elements. You can move your component along the x. The third row is reserved for rotations.8. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. you will obtain different results. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. If you use the option "generated constraints".8 Moving Components 6. 6.xx" is displayed in the tree.1" is displayed below this entity.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. yz and xz planes. You can rotate your component around the x. 6. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. 85 . An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.Click OK to repeat the second component. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. y or z-axis.8. The new component "xxx on RectPattern.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse.
invert the normal vector of the plane. it creates constraints. The plane passes through the line. The point is projected onto the line. 6. The section plane is automatically created. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. 86 .8. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. Click the Sectioning icon. also appears. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. Z. Optionally.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. The point is projected onto the plane. move and rotate the section plane. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. reference plane or cylinder axis). You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. A Preview window.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. showing the generated section. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. 6. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. Both lines become collinear. The line is projected onto the plane. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. edge.
work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly.X' in assembly features available in history tree. To edit an assembly split. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. the graphical attributes of the components. Pocket.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Perform the required modifications. For instance modify: viewpoint. Remove. 6. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. Click Ok to end the scene creation. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. which in turn must contain one part at least. Add. 6. double-click 'Assembly Split. Hole. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. graphical attributes. The active product at least must include two components. keep in mind the following. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. click them to reverse the direction. Click OK to confirm.10. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . Within a scene. Perform a Symmetry. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. show-no show. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. Click the Create Scene icon .6. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed.
Clearance + Contact + Clash. Set the explode type. 3D is the default type. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Click Apply to check for interferences. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Inside one selection. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. keep the selection as it is. 6. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. 6. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. 88 . Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Between two selections.they were in the initial product. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Wheel Assembly is selected by default.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Selection against all. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Click the Explode icon . When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Click Apply to perform the operation. if necessary. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Keep All levels set by default. Keep it. The Explode dialog box is displayed.
Click the Mechanical Design category.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. 89 . command.6. Click the Infrastructure category.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. Click the Mechanical Design category. The General tab appears. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. Select Tools -> Options. Quick Constraint. then the Assembly Design subcategory.14. then the Assembly Design subcategory.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. Move components. 6. displaying the following options: Update. The General tab appears. Constraint Creation.14.14. Access to geometry..1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. containing three categories of options: External References.. Update and Delete Operation 6.
interactive or generated views. 7.7.. 7. from the menu bar. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. Select the Drafting workbench.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. Select the 90 .Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. as well as information on the drawing standards. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. You may also add.. . Click OK.
These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). the view to be created is framed in green.Drawing workbench. and click OK. or the A0 ISO format. The active view is framed in red. Select the 1:1 scale. 91 . until you click at the desired view location. select the ISO standard. From the New Drawing dialog box. 7. Even though you then delete sheet1. If you click this view. The new sheet automatically appears. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. and then click OK.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. Select the orientation type. 7. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. When you create a view.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. The non-active views are framed in blue. it becomes the active view and is framed in red.
7. 7. Click the Drawing window. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). respectively.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Select object. You can update all views or a selection of views.Start creating the front view. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. a previewed projection 92 . Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. Blue arrows appear. is detected. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. relatively to the front view previously generated. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab).5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Click on sheet to place front view. Any modification applied to the specifications. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. Right-click the frame of the view. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. You can perform an update. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. As you move the cursor.
In sectioning through irregular objects.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. 7. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. Click the Drawing window. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). together with the top view. completely describes the object. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). Click to position the callout. for example the right view position. This auxiliary view. Click to position the auxiliary view. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Click an edge on the view. use Undo or Redo icons. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. you can. at any time. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. 7. 93 .
In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). you will click the Detail View Profile icon . Click the Drawing window. Click to generate the detail view. Click to generate the view. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. and click the Aligned Section Cut . The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Or. 7.7. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). 7. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. In this particular case. You can modify this scale. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. you will select the Clipping 94 . Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Click the callout center. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. the dialog is exactly the same.
Click the 3D part. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. 7. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Double-click to end 95 . Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle.Profile View icon . and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. as well as blue manipulators appear. Click the Drawing window. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). 7. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. the right. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the first point of the breakout profile. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. If needed.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. the top. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. 7. Red zones appear. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. the left. Click on the sheet. A breakout view is often a partial section. translate the profile. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Click the Drawing window.
and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). 7. Click next add any other view if required. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu.18 Scaling a View 96 . click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. 7. Click the Drawing window. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. From the contextual menu.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more).17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. the Top view. Left view and Right view). Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Click to position the left view. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. and right-click them. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. or all views in the drawing. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. select Selected objects -> isolate.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. At creation. 7. Bottom view. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Select the CATPart document. views are by default linked to the parent view. Once you are satisfied. 7. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard.
Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . This view is now active. you can pre-define the position.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. Balloons generated 7. This Bill of Material. For modifying the detail and section callout. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. If needed. section views and section cuts. 7.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. In this particular case. Click OK. right-click the detail view.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. In this case. or parts list. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. 7. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. double-click the front view. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. go to Product Structure workbench. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. 97 . Before positioning the Bill of Material. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. The detail view is updated. if you are in the background view.
For example. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. On the view for which the dimension are generated. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. the section view is automatically updated. Right-click the pattern to be modified.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. Then click OK in this Pattern table. distance The dimensions below: 98 . Drag one of the element components to the desired location. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. 2.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. On the view with a bigger scale. 7. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. 4. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. Double-click the callout to be modified. radius. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. 3. diameter Angle. 7. distance. On views including more dimensions. only sketched constraints are generated. After the callout arrow is properly positioned.
by default. dimensions are generated on all the views. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. radius and diameter. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. Dimensions 99 .23. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. to start the dimension generation.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7.23. 7. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. there is only one) is automatically displayed. length. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). In the case of drawings with several views. angle. Click OK to close the dialog box. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part.
If you select an element. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. The geometrical tolerance is created. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The datum feature is created. Click OK. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Click OK when you're done. dimension. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. If you select a dimension or a text. If you select a point in the free space. on the contrary. 7. the anchor point will be a small balloon. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. no leader will be created. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. Select an element (geometry. 100 .Click the Not Generated option . The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Enter the desired character string. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. the anchor point will be an arrow.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). if needed. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point).24 Creating a Datum Feature . not generated.
Text properties can be applied to text. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). If needed.26.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. etc. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. dimension text. Choose View -> Toolbars. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. balloon and datum target. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. size. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. and select Text Properties. 7.7. A red frame appears. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed.26.26 Annotations 7. such as font style. justification. 101 . Set the properties of a text. Click in the free space to define a location for the text.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. text with leader.
6.26.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). 7. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Ra=1.26. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. 102 .5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. If needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click OK.7. You can enter another string or value as needed. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. On this CATProduct document. Go over one of the part with your cursor. Enter values in the desired field(s). modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location.26. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Select an element. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. For example. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. 7. Open any CATProduct document. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Click OK.
modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. 7. merges cells. switch lines and columns. Click OK. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol.26. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Select the two elements. invert columns. and insert views. The welding leader will appear. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. You can also split a table.26. you can add text. insert columns. Click the icon to launch the command. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. The line height corresponds to the height of a string.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. In this table. invert lines. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7. The welding symbol is created. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. import a table. rows. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.27 Editing Properties 103 . Click OK. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. If needed. The welding symbols available depend on your standard.7.26. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. 7.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. modify the geometry-welding symbol. and insert a view in a table. If needed.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. Click ok to validate the creation. and then click to validate.
3D spec. if needed. Choose the View tab. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. 3D Points. if needed. Click OK. 3D Wireframe. dress-up elements. no more modification allowed in the view. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Axis. Click the Graphic Tab. Fillets. Lines and Curves option. Thread. Scale: the scale of the view. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Choose your options. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Lock view: if you check this option. you can create a formula for the view name. 3D Colors. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Dress up: Hidden lines. Center line. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Among other things. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. edit annotation font properties. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 .
it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. click the Font tab. Modify the available options. edit dimension value properties. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. 105 . Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The Options dialog box appears. edit dimension text properties. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. if needed. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. Modify the available options. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. Select the Tools->Options command. In other words. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. if needed. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. or leader).then select the Edit-> Properties command. Grid: To define your grid. The associated panel is displayed. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. 7. frame.
Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. the dimension is automatically re-computed. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Select the Dimension tab in Options. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. following it dynamically during the creation process. To activate this mode. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. when you update the drawing. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. As a result. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. you can choose to visualize the view axis. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. View axis: When you activate a view. In addition. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols).
a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Generate threads. Parallelism. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Analysis after generation. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . and more and more relationships with existing elements. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Generate centerlines. Allow automatic transfer between views. Hidden lines. Automatic positioning after generation. Filters before generation. Apply 3D specification. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Project 3D points. end points included. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Generate fillet. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Select the Generation tab. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. 107 . Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. View tab): Generate axis. Horizontality and verticality. perpendicularity and tangency.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. either or not using SmartPick. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Properties option. Alignment. or still adding constraints to this geometry. 3D colors inheritance. Project 3D wireframe. then the balloon will be generated twice. Select the Geometry tab. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. if a component is used two times within a product.
Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. Select the Layout tab. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. the following dialog box appears. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. the sketch. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. As a result. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. Constraint diagnostics. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. f)Annotations 108 .Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. It is not used for creating solid primitives. you can define that you want or not the view name. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. and only visualized by.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. For this before callout creation check this option. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. This element is used as positioning reference. scaling factor or frame to appear.
. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. Press OK. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. 7. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. or both. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. no matter what the view scale is. Select the Edit->Links command. In this particular case. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. 109 . Press OK. It is now possible to customize the settings. as you will choose to load the referenced document. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. press the shift key. command.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Activate the settings. Select the Annotation tab. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved.. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab).You can customize given options when creating annotations. according to the orientation.
8. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types.8.2 Creating Views 110 . True Length Dimension 8.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. if needed. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. Snap to Point. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Create Detected Constraints. View. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. To modify these colors. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Force Dimension on Element. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Create Constraints.
Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. For example. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. a left view and a right view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. a bottom view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. double-click on this isometric view. 8. From an active front view. For this. dimensions. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. 8. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. Click the Drawing window. A blue axis displays in a red frame. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. In this case.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. In other words. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. This is true for any kind of view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Right-click the view used as reference. you can create: a top view. In other words. by double-clicking on this view. Press OK. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. modified in this dialog box. Press OK. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Click the New View icon .
You will first add elements to an existing view. if needed. parabola. hyperbola. Add elements to an existing view. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. Select. 8. the object to be projected.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. ellipse. using the ObjectAction mode. In this case. and then transformed into the receiving view. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. using the Action-Object mode. At any time. in another view. 112 . using the Action-Object mode. curve). Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. circle. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. select an arc of a circle in the front view. select a circle in the top view. In this case. Select more elements to be projected.
Select the object defining the view to be created. 113 .Create an isometric view from scratch. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. using the Object-Action mode. In this case. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. select the whole front view.
8.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. choose Properties. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. clipping views. If you want constraints to be created. In the contextual menu. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . Click OK. select the Visual Clipping check box. details views. Click on the frame to select it. You can reframe any type of view: front views.6 Reframing a View In this task. as you want. a distance constraint. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. a mode: measured or constraining mode. etc. Click the View tab. In the Visualization and Behavior area. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. Select the view and right-click the view frame. a configuration.8. isometric views. The frame can only be rectangular.
In other words. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. If you choose this constraint. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. click a second element in the view. 8. click the Dimensions icon. these relations will be taken into account. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. Click a first element in the view. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). In other words. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . or between generated elements. When creating dimensions on elements.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. you will learn how to create dimensions. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. 8. 8. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. you can only create constraints between similar elements. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. but not between a mix of these. On the Dimensioning toolbar. If needed. The software proposes you parallelism by default. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. you can preview the dimensions to be created. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. click in the drawing.
8. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. i. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. 116 . Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. 8. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Click to validate the dimension creation. click the centerline. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Select a circle.toolbar). Select the reference line. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar.e. If you right-click the dimension before creation. and then the second element. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Select the dimension. you can also access the Properties options. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Red end points appear. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. The centerline created is associative with the reference line.
g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Select the Reference Thread type option line. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. The thread is created. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. In the Pattern dialog box. you will apply a thread to a hole. In this particular case. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. part-generated elements. Click the Drawing window. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. Click the Drawing window. Select two lines. The axis line is created. generated elements. The thread is created according to this reference. Click the Drawing window. The Tap type option activated by default. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. .c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Click the Drawing window. part-sketched. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. dotting or coloring). click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. The axes and centerlines are created. from the (Tools toolbar).
The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. A contextual menu appears. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. The arrow is created.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. The arrow and the selected object are associative. 118 . For the purpose of this exercise. Click the Drawing window. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. which represents the fillet edge. under the line. To modify the position of the arrow. you can drag it to change the arrow path. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. Select Add a Breakpoint. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. The Area Detection dialog box appears. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears.
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