INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. and costs are generally lower. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. Moreover. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. not just that of exterior. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . 1. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype.Generally. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. For that we need level three: SM systems. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. cost. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. and flexibility. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. and are less expensive.

The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. In this way. 1. centre of gravity. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. or on the surface of the object in question. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. outside.4 LAYOUTS. which makes the generation of realistic images possible.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. rather than a part of engineering. 8 . 1. weight. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid.systems to handle architectural problems. surface area. DESIGN. so mass properties (volume. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. to be sure. By its nature. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. 1. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function.

and then select Edit. automation of process planning is also impossible. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. Without solids. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. With solid. To do this from the 3D. if you need for more complex sketches 2. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. it remains a challenge.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. This enables you to create a positioned sketch.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. 9 .1. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). Once created. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. or select a planar surface. 2. but one that can be surmounted. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch.e. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu.

Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. Snap to Point If activated. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. on some occasions.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. .2. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. 2. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. i. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. in which you specify the reference plane. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology.e. Construction elements 10 .2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch.

the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. graphically speaking.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab).4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). as soon as the diagnostic is solved. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. 2. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. These elements are used as positioning references. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. As a result. 11 . OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. uses edges. These elements cannot be modified. and only visualized by. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. the sketch.

The constraints are in priority dimensional. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. all over a curve. SmartPick will return information via symbols. using coordinates. . at the extremity point of a curve. According to the various active options. at the intersection point of two curves. on a point. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. at the midpoint of a line.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active).5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. two or three elements. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements.6 Creating Constraints 2. any of the above cases possibly combined together. the 2. whenever possible. Using SmartPick.6. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. at the center of a circle or an ellipse.

constraints and to position this constraint as desired. 2. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. by default. they are checked in the dialog box. This constraint can be created between either two elements. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. 2.6.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. the application displays it in green. If constraints already exist.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Select the profile to be constrained. Click OK to constrain the sketch. 2. Coincidence. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. Select a first element.6. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. You can either select the geometry or the command first. coincidence and tangency. Parallelism or Perpendicular). 13 . These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Select a second element.6. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Angle. Once the profile is fully constrained. Horizontal. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Fix. For editing. double-click the constraint you wish to edit.

b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). 14 . Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar.2.

Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. two centers & two radii. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. Click to create the parallelogram. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. You are going to define the (i) circle center.

j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. By default. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. m) Creating an Arc 16 . circle centers appear on the sketch. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. Click three elements. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar).Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).

p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. center and apex. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. s) Creating a Conic 17 . end. middle. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint.It shows how to create an arc. There are three possibilities.start. To create a Parabola click the focus. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. middle. start point and end point. a) The arc center point. c) Through three points –start. Clicking another command ends the spline too. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. Double-click to end the spline. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. b) Through three points . To create a hyperbola click the focus. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). end. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola.

As a result. one after the other. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. x) Creating an Axis 18 .This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. in accordance with both points previously clicked. To edit. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the line first point (first point). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. Click two points on the two existing lines. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. if needed. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). a circle. a parabola or a hyperbola. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar).

Select a second line (or an axis). Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. In this task. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values.This task shows how to create an axis. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). of course you can create this point manually. Select a first line (or an axis). 2. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle.

The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the two lines. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Create two intersecting lines. Length1/Length2. . Length1/Angle. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Select the first line.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. You can create rounded corners between curves. Select the two lines. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Select the two curves. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. The second line is also highlighted. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. the first or none of the elements. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Trim All / First / No element. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element.

Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the line to be broken. These options are Rubber In. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. and Break. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. 21 from the Sketch tools . Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. a three point arc.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. The arc will now be closed. Rubber out. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Create a three points arc. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. The line is now composed of two movable segments. a construction line or an axis. Select one or more elements to be relimited. For example.

The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Select the geometry to be rotated. multi-select the entire profile. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Select or click a point to define an angle. The duplicate mode is activated by default. Multi-selection is not available. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Here. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Select or click the rotation center point. Select the element(s) to be translated. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). In other words. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. enter a precise value for the translation length. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). if needed. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Enter the number of copies you need. Select the element(s) to be scaled. In the Translation Definition dialog box.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated.

This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. These 23 . Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. The line to be created appears. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Select the surface. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). arc or circle. Both lines are parallel. These projections are yellow. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). There are two possibilities. The intersection is yellow. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select the face of interest. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. the line to be created appears immediately. The selected line is duplicated. by creating several offset instances. select it. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. If the line is not already selected. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements.

Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. and then click Sketcher. In other words. Expand the Mechanical Design option. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Graduations. in the Tools toolbar. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. 2. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. 2.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. The Options dialog box appears. You can now sketch the required profile.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. Position sketch plane parallel to screen.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. The Sketcher tab appears. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. Primary spacing. 2. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. It indicates the overall 24 .

1 Opening a New CATPart Document. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. This application. The New dialog box is displayed. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. To open it. b) the geometry area. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. offers a highly productive. Actually. c) specific toolbars. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. 25 . from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon).3. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. from simple to advance. which is fully integrated into Part Design. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. 3. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK.

Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. 26 . Circle center: Creating point of a circle. ellipse. . Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection.2. The Line Definition dialog box appears. 3.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Point – Point: Create line between the two points.3. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. 3. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. Between: Creating point between two other points.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon .2. Y. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve.

Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. 3. Once you have defined the plane. Some operations consist in adding material. Shaft. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Groove.Regardless of the line type. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Slot. Click the Plane icon .3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Pocket. In this section. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. it is represented by a red square symbol. Loft.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane.2. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Rib. others in removing material. and Remove Loft. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. 27 .

the application specifies the length of your pad. Just click the More button and define the second limit.Up to Last. 3. Up to Surface. Up to Plane. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. For each of them. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. 28 . The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. By default.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. If you wish to define another length for this direction. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. if you extrude a profile.3.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. You will notice that by default. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green.3.

using different length values. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. 3. set the Type parameter to Dimension. By default. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Double-click Pocket to edit it. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. if you extrude a profile. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Note 29 . up to plane. To define a specific depth. up to surface.3. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . To specify another direction. Select the profile to be extruded. up to last. The specification tree indicates this creation. Alternatively. Optionally click Preview to see the result. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Click OK to create the pocket. Click the Pocket icon .

the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch.3. Once you have done your modifications. 3. select LIM1 or 30 . Consequently. You need an open or closed profile. pockets and stiffeners. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.3. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. Enter Thickness1 's value. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. If needed. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Enter Thickness2 's value. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. Select the open profile. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. For each of them. and click Preview to see the result. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. Alternatively.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. and click Preview to see the result.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. Click the Shaft icon . The profile is previewed in dotted line. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The method described here is also valid for pockets.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. For the purposes of our scenario. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. you do not have to select the axis. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. 3.

you do not have to select the axis. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. This task shows you how to create a groove. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to confirm the 31 . 3. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The specification tree mentions it has been created.3. Consequently. Click the Groove icon . Click OK to confirm. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Click Preview to see the result. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. Select the profile. If needed. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. For the purposes of our scenario.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. The shaft is created.

10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. 3. To define a rib.3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. you can enter the values of your choice. 3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. To define a thread.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.3. but you can use standard values. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. 3. By default.operation. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole.3. you need a center curve.

You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve.3. The application now previews the rib to be created. New options are then available. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree mentions this creation. you can select a plane or an edge. Select the profile you wish to sweep. Click the Rib icon . Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar.11 Slot 33 . It should be a closed profile.element or a pulling direction. To define this direction. Click OK. To create Rib. The rib is created. 3. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. it can be discontinuous in tangency. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch.2.

a planar profile. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Click the Loft icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The feature (identified as Loft. Vertices. It is closed.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. By default. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. 3. To define a slot. Select the three section curves. Select the profile.3. Tangency then curvature. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. They are highlighted in the geometry area. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. the application computes a spine. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Tangency. Pulling direction.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. You can note that by default. Click the Slot icon . a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. you need a center curve. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. 34 . Click OK to create the volume. The resulting feature is a closed volume. Reference surface.

but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . Click OK to create the lofted surface. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. Select the profile to be extruded.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. . Select required sections & guide curves if needed.3. By default. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. If you need to use an open profile. the application computes a spine.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The feature (identified as Loft.3. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material.3. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. Click the Remove Loft icon . 3.

When filleting an edge. 3.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. The specification tree indicates it has been created. 36 . From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. you can then trim the fillets to be created. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. Select the edges. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field.4. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. Click the Edge Fillet icon . Tangency. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. The stiffener is created. CATIA displays the radius value. Optionally click Preview to see the result. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. Click OK. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. Check the Neutral Fiber option. If you set the Tangency mode. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. Conversely. depending on the radius value you specified. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created.

4. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. 3. The fillet will be tangent to this face. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. the application chamfers its edges. Click OK. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.4. 3. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. Click OK. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Instead of entering a radius value. Select the faces to be filleted. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces.4. Depending on the curve's shape.3. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Select the face to be removed. The specification tree indicates this creation.4. 3. This creation is indicated in the specification tree.5 Basic Draft 37 . the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. Click OK.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. The faces are filleted. Select the faces to be filleted. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.

If Keep Parting =Neutral. Click OK. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. you then can also check the option Draft both sides.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Parting element: this plane. 3. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation.4. This element will remain the same during the draft.

select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Click the Shell icon . Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. The Shell Definition dialog box appears.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. To add a point on the edge. Select the face to be removed. You can add as many points as you wish. This line is used to support the drafted faces.4.4. The selected face becomes purple. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. 3. 3.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Select the face to be drafted. The reflect line is moved accordingly. click the Points field. 3.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Click OK to confirm. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. To edit the other angle value. indicating the default pulling direction.9 Thickness 39 . Select the face. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . Click OK. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. Select face as the neutral element. The feature is shelled.4. Enter the Default inside thickness field. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears.

Click the Thread/Tap icon . Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Enter the thread depth.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Click Preview. but the thread (identified as Thread. pitch value.xxx) is added to the specification tree. This task shows you how to translate a body. The element (identified as Translate. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Check the Left-Threaded option. The part is thickened accordingly. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. Click OK to confirm.5. The application previews the thread. Select the faces to thicken. 3. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Enter a positive value. Y. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. You can also specify the direction by means of X. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. This creation appears in the specification tree. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Limit faces must be planar. 3. Select the upper face as the limit face.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. 40 .You can add or remove thickness to parts. Click OK to create the translated element. Click the Translate icon . Click the Thickness icon .10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps.4. Click OK.

Enter a value for the rotation angle.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The specification tree mentions this creation. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry.5.5. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The application previews the material to be created. Click the Mirror icon . Click the Rotate icon .2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The command applies to current bodies. 3. line or plane as reference element. Select an edge as the rotation axis. The pads are mirrored.5. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Select a point. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click OK to confirm the operation. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. 3.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .3. Click the Symmetry icon . The new element (identified as Symmetry. 3. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Click OK to create the rotated element. The element (identified as Rotate.5.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The element is rotated.

Click the Circular Pattern icon . Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Angular spacing & total angle. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Instances & Spacing. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible.This is the resulting pattern. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. circular and user patterns. If needed. Spacing & Length. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction.5.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Instances & angular spacing. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. complete crown. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. 42 . Select the feature you wish to copy. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. These features accelerate the creation process. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Now. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Defining the spacing along the grid. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Click OK. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. The feature "RectPattern. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Patterns let you do so.

3. you can select an edge or a planar face. These points are created in the Sketch. you are going to add a crown to your part. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. To define a direction. Click OK. 3. This axis will be normal to the face. Now. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. Click OK. Click the Scaling icon . Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. The feature appears in the Object field.5. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. The specification tree indicates this creation. Click the User Pattern icon . Select the reference point located on the body. Click OK. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Select the feature you wish to duplicate.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. 3. click the Crown Definition tab. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. The pad will be repeated seven times. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain.6. To do so. Select the body to be scaled. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 .5.6 Measuring 3. Click Preview. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. One more ring of pads will be added. The body is scaled.

The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. The Measure Item dialog box appears.). Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edges. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). etc. Click the Measure Item icon. Click to select another surface. edge or vertex. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. If exact values cannot be measured. 3. surfaces. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. surfaces and entire products).This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. By default. The Measure Between dialog box appears. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.6.6. icon in the Definition box. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. This command lets you choose the selection mode. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. Click the Measure Between icon. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. Switch to Design Mode. or an entire product (selection 2). or an entire product (selection 1).3 Measuring Inertia 44 . vertices and entire products) or between points. Click to select a surface. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. edge or vertex. edges.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. 3. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. edges.

geometry or assembly. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. you can click it to reverse the direction. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. In addition to the center of gravity G. 3. indicating the splitting element. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. The measure is made on the selection. Click OK. volume (volumes only). density and mass of the selected item.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. Click the Measure Inertia icon. Click the Split icon . An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. you must select the desired sub-product. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. Select the splitting surface.7. face or surface. Material has been removed. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. The body is split. The area.7 Surface-Based Features 3. 45 . density. the dialog box also gives the area. Select the blue pad as the body to be split.

INITIAL 3. Select the object you wish to thicken.7. Click the Thick Surface icon . Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value.INITIAL 3. that is the extrude element.7. just click it. 46 .2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. The surface is closed .3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. Click the Close Surface icon . The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Click OK. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. In the geometry area. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the surface to be closed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The surface is thickened. If you need to reverse the arrow. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction.

INITIAL FINAL 3. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click the Sew Surface icon . Some material has been removed. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Click the arrow to reverse the direction. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. indicating the object to be sewn.7. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Click OK.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. The surface is sewn onto the body.

You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. Intersecting Bodies. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. When your part includes several bodies. Removing Bodies. By default. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform.x" in the specification tree. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. Now. if you wish to combine them. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. Click OK to confirm. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. This is your new Part Body.8. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. To assemble them. material has been added. indicating that it is the active body. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. 3. Assembling Bodies. INITIAL 48 .8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications.3. During the operation. The result is immediate. It allows you to create complex geometry. It is underlined. 3. Trimming Bodies. You will notice that Part Body and Body. Click the Insert Body icon.8.x are autonomous.

By default. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .FINAL 3. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. Click the Add icon . The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.8.

1 has been removed. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 . Click OK.Part Body.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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then Display tab. Delete Operation .Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object..Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. and their origins when you are editing these elements. Update. containing three categories of options: External References. When creating a geometric element. you often need to select other elements as inputs. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. you just need to use the Isolate command. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.. command Click the Infrastructure category. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. Select the Tools -> Options. Update. and Delete Operation. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. When selecting a sketch as 54 .. Select the Tools -> Options command. they will not be deleted. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. 3. 4.9.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. The General tab appears. which means that if they are shared by other features. Click the Infrastructure category. Geometry. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin..This task shows you how to set general settings. The Options dialog box is displayed.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. copied elements for example.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. The tab appears. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. External References.

Click the Planes Repetition icon . Click OK to create the planes. some restrictions apply.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. 4.3 Creating Polylines 55 . If you check the with end points option. The Planes Between dialog box appears. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. depending on the feature you are creating. in only one operation. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. 4. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Select a curve or a Point on curve.the input element.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. 4. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Define the number or points to be created (instances field).

Bitangent and point . Enter a Radius value. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. The circle (identified as Circle. Three points.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Click the Polyline icon . Enter all input as specified. 4. Two points and radius. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Center and point. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. 56 . Click the Circle icon . Bitangent and radius .Tritangent. The Circle Definition dialog box appears.

Add a point before the selected point.4. You can select the Geometry on support check box. Replace the selected point by another point. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. and select a support. 57 . It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. Remove the selected point. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Click the Spline icon . An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected.

The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the corner. 4.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. Select two curves as reference element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Profile. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Several solutions may be possible. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Click the Corner icon . Orientation. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Click OK to create the helix.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. 58 . The corner will be created between these two references. Enter a Radius value. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Select a starting point and an axis. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. such as coils and springs for example. Select the Support surface. Taper Angle. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Starting Angle. The reference elements must lie on this support.4. Click the Helix icon . Height. The helical curve (identified as Helix.

at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Tangency or Curvature. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Specify the Start radius value. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 .4. Click the Connect Curve icon . 4. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Spiral icon . Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. that is the distance from the Center point. when the spiral is defined by an angle. that is a in 2D plane. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the connect curve. along the Reference direction. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed.Define the spiral's Orientation. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.

11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. 4. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. Click the Conic icon . The projection is added to the specification tree. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. 60 .4. Click the Projection icon . passing points or tangents. hyperbolas or ellipses.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. Select the Support element. Select the element to be projected. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. The projection may be normal or along a direction. Click OK to create the projection element. You can select several elements to be projected. The Projection Definition dialog box appears.

Click the Intersection icon . Select the two elements to be intersected. The intersection is displayed. 61 . depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. Click OK to create the intersection element. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. A Contour. A Face. This element (identified as Intersect. Point. lines.) 4. etc.Fill in the conic curve parameters.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Avoid using input elements.

13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon.13.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. lofting and sweeping. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the surface. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. Click the Extrude icon . Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. 4. 62 . Geometry with no history is called a datum.4. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not.

Click the Revolve icon . The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. 4.13. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. Click OK to create the surface. and angular limits. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. The spherical surface is based on a center point.4. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation.13.

dialog box is displayed. Select the center point of the sphere. one on each side of the reference surface. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Click Apply to previews the offset surface.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the surface. Select the surface to be offset. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. 4. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.13. 4.13. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. Click Apply to preview the surface. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. along 64 . Click OK to create the surfaces.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Click the Offset icon .

With draft direction. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Sweep icon .one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. With reference curve. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Explicit profile icon. With reference surface. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. Select a Guide curve. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. With tangency surface. If needed. The surface (identified as Sweep. you can select a reference Surface. then use the combo to choose the subtype. The five possible cases are Two limits. Click OK to create the swept surface. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Sweep icon . Select the planar Profile to be swept out. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. select a Spine. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Line profile icon. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. In the Smooth sweeping section. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Circle icon. If no spine is selected. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. Limit and middle. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. If needed. 65 . select a Second Guide.

6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. hyperbolas or ellipses. Five guides. Add a new element after or before the selected one. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. Click the Loft icon . The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Two guides. Remove the selected element. The surface (identified as Sweep. Select one or two section curves. Click the Fill icon . This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. Select guide curves. Click OK to create the fill surface. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. the results may be inconsistent. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Sweep icon . and then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click the Conic icon. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click OK to create the swept surface. Three guides. Select a passing point. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. If 66 . 4. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.xxx) is added to the specification tree.13.13. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. If not. and enter a radius value. Replace the selected element by another curve.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. 4. such as parabolas.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. Four guides. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.

You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. taking a number of constraints into account.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 67 . Tangency then curvature. Tangency. Start extremity. 4. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits.14. and so forth. translating and rotating. then the second curve and its support. You can select several cutting elements. Successively select the first curve and its support. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. End extremity. A preview of the split appears. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. The surface (identified as Blend. only on the End section. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. In the Spine tab page. Click OK to create the lofted surface. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. on both. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element.13. Click OK. Select the cutting element. or on none. such as tension. The Split Definition dialog box appears. In that case. select one or more guide curves. 4. Several coupling types are available. Vertices. Click the Blend icon . Select the element to be split. None. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. continuity.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. 4. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. Click the Split icon .needed. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface.

You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. 68 .14. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. A preview of the trimmed element appears.xxx element in the specification tree. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. Click the Trim icon . Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. Click OK to split the element. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. In that case it appears as a separate Split.

). 69 . The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. points. The selected element is highlighted. Click the Boundary icon . The extracted element (identified as Extract.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. and so forth. 4. No propagation. Select a Surface edge. or Tangent continuity. Select an edge or the face of an element. without deleting the initial element. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements.xxx) is added to the specification tree. solids. Click OK to extract the element.4. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.14. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity.14. Click OK to create the boundary curve. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Extract icon . a point on the curve for example.

Select the element to be rotated.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. 4. 4.4.14. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Select a point.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. point. The element (identified as Translate . Click OK. Select a line as the rotation axis.14.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears.14. Select the Vector Definition.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Click the Scaling icon . Click the Affinity icon . Click the Rotate icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the translated element. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Select the element to be translated. Select the scaling reference point. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.14. Click the Translate icon .14. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. 4. or more. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. 4. Click OK to create the rotated element. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Click the Symmetry icon . The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the scaled element. plane or planar surface. line or plane as reference element. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. line or surface element.

Select a surface Boundary. Click OK to create the affinity element. Y. Click the Join icon. 4. Sub-Elements To Remove. 71 . Merging distance. Other options available are Simplify the result. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane.operation. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. federation. Angle Tolerance. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Z values.14.14. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Click the Extrapolate icon . Ignore erroneous elements. 4. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold.

The Healing Definition dialog box appears.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. Provided the Tangent mode is active. A progression bar is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. The Untrim dialog box is displayed.4. by clicking the Sharpness tab. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Click OK in the dialog box.14.14. Click the Healing icon. 72 . Select the surface which limits should be restored. you can retain sharp edges. Select the surfaces to be healed. Select the surface which limits should be restored.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. From the Parameters tab. You can also set the Distance objective. while the surface is restored. and selecting one or more edges. 4. The surface (identified as Heal. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar.

14. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. Click OK in the dialog box. Click the Curve Smooth icon . manual update.4. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. To update a part. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. Select the element to be disassembled. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. that is to say independent elements are created. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. i.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. A resulting element can be made of several cells. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. A progression bar is displayed. The selected element is disassembled. Select the curve to be smoothed. To update the part. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). fill the gaps. and type of discontinuity (point. 73 . while the surface is being disassembled. A progression bar indicates the .e. that can be manipulated independently.14. To warn you that an update is needed. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. 4.

c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon .16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. The Change Body dialog box appears. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. This involves. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. indicating that it is the active open body. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. removing open body entities and changing body.4. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. 4. inserting open body entities.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. in the specification tree. It is underlined.x. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. CATIA displays this new Open_body.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. In the specification tree. select the branch of your choice. The result is immediate. 4.

if it was visible. if it was hidden. according to given directions. Advance commands in GSD are as follows.command. The point (identified as Extremum. The open body or it’s content is hidden. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. Min. Click OK. or a pad. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. 5. Click the Extremum icon . It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. edges or faces).xxx) is added to the specification tree. a surface. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. when combined with other products such as Part Design. Set the correct options: Max. Select a curve. 5. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. 5. or becomes visible.

The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Click Preview. Depending on the selected computation type. Click the Polar Extremum icon . Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Min angle.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. You can also select a start point. This task shows how to create a spine. Click OK. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. The spine is displayed. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Max radius. Select the supporting surface of the contour. a point in this case. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Max angle. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Successively select planes. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Click OK to create the extremum point. Click Preview. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. is added to the specification tree.xxx). or filleted surfaces. on a planar contour. 5. lofted. the results can be: Min radius. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. 76 . Click OK to create the spine.

that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Successively select the two curves to be combined. Click the Reflect Lines icon . The combine (identified as Combine. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Click OK to create the element. The Combine Definition dialog box appears.5. whether closed or open. select the support surface and a direction. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Key in an angle. 5. Select the reference Curve to be offset. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Click the Combine icon . Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 .

The Options dialog box is displayed. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Select points on guide to add other sections. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . Click OK to create the swept surface. 6.5. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. The General tab displays. 5. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. Assembly Design 78 . Select the Guiding curve. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. When designing the profile to be swept. Select the Tools -> Options command.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. The Reference surface is optional. Click Preview to preview the swept surface.

The Product2 (Product2. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. To create an assembly. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.1). 6. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. In the specification tree.1) is created in the . You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. In the specification tree.2 Inserting a Components 6. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. 6.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.3 Inserting a New Part icon. you need products. 6.2. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. 6. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench.2. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.2. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. The structure of your assembly now 79 . The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. You can use parts to create products.

proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. The result is immediate. Click OK to create the components. 6. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. The application previews the location of the new components. If geometry exists in the assembly.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. 6. Select the component you wish to instantiate. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. 6. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. However. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . Select the component you wish to instantiate. check x-axis. In the specification tree. The operation is very simple. on another component for example. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. To define the direction of creation.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. you should keep in mind the 80 .

1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. indicating orientations. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. Same.5. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . Green graphic symbols are 81 . Depending on the selected elements.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Select the faces to be constrained. Click the Contact Constraint icon . Select the face to be constrained. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. 6. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Double-clicking activates it. The components involved and their status are indicated. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. As the contact constraint is created.5.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). The selected component is orange framed (default color). Green arrows appear on the selected faces. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). This constraint is added to the specification tree too. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. 6. Select the second face to be constrained. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. opposite. coaxiality or coplanarity. you may obtain concentricity.

Select the faces to be constrained.5. Click OK to create the angle component.5. This operation is referred to as "Fix". 82 . Parallelism (angle value equals zero). The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. which means setting an absolute position. The constraint is created. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon .displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.5. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. By fixing its position according to other components. Click the Offset Constraint icon . you will have to define an angle value. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. 6. which means setting a relative position. 6. Keep the Angle option. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. In the dialog box that appears. click More to expand the dialog box.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Select the faces to be constrained. When setting an angle constraint. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). that is the light blue . This constraint is added to the specification tree. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Click OK to create the offset constraint. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space".5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. The components involved and their status are indicated. 6. Select the component to be fixed. Click the Angle Constraint icon .

but they must belong to the active component. Moving one of them moves the other one too. not necessarily in the active component. 6.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together.5. Select the constraint to be changed. You can select any constraints. Click OK.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Angle and Parallelism. The Fix Together dialog box appears. The components are attached to each other.5. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. 83 . Click the Change Constraint icon . You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Select the new type of constraint. Offset. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. Click the Fix Together icon . enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. Coincidence. displaying the list of selected components. Click OK to confirm. Select the two entities to be constrained. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. The Change Type dialog box that appears.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. 6. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Click OK to validate the operation. 6. You can select as many components as you wish. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. The first constraint in the list can now be set. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Move the fixed component. displays all possible constraints. In the Name field.5.

7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. Select any activated constraint. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. 6. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry.5.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Click the Update icon whole assembly. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. create a new instance. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. To do so. Select the Tools -> Options command. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box.6. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. cut & paste the original component. 6. The constraints are in black. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. indicating they need an update. 84 . Check the Manual option in the Update frame. Using no associativity: the option is off. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. The assembly is updated. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. The constraint is deactivated. three options are available: Reuse the original component. The default color is black. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated.

Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. Depending on the selected elements. you will obtain different results. yz and xz planes. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations.1" is displayed below this entity.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse.Click OK to repeat the second component. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. If you use the option "generated constraints".2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. The third row is reserved for rotations. 6. 6. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. You can move your component along the x.8. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.8 Moving Components 6. 85 . You can rotate your component around the x. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.xx" is displayed in the tree. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. y or z-axis.8.

The section plane is automatically created. 86 . Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. reference plane or cylinder axis). Both lines become collinear. edge. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection.8. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. Optionally. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. The plane passes through the line. Z. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. showing the generated section. Click the Sectioning icon.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. invert the normal vector of the plane. it creates constraints. The line is projected onto the plane. also appears. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The point is projected onto the plane. 6. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. 6. The point is projected onto the line. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. move and rotate the section plane. A Preview window.

Click OK to confirm. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. the graphical attributes of the components. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. Pocket. 6. To edit an assembly split. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. which in turn must contain one part at least. For instance modify: viewpoint. Perform the required modifications. Click the Create Scene icon . Hole. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action.10. graphical attributes. double-click 'Assembly Split. keep in mind the following. click them to reverse the direction. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Perform a Symmetry.X' in assembly features available in history tree. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. 6. Click Ok to end the scene creation. The active product at least must include two components. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. Add.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features.6. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. Within a scene. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. Remove. show-no show.

6. 3D is the default type. Inside one selection. Click the Explode icon . Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Click Apply to perform the operation. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. 6.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. keep the selection as it is. Click Apply to check for interferences. Keep All levels set by default. Between two selections. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Keep it. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Set the explode type. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Selection against all. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases.they were in the initial product. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. 88 . if necessary. Clearance + Contact + Clash.

Constraint Creation.14. displaying the following options: Update. The General tab appears. Access to geometry. The General tab appears. command.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options.14. containing three categories of options: External References. Update and Delete Operation 6. Move components. Click the Mechanical Design category.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. Click the Infrastructure category. Click the Mechanical Design category.14.6. Select Tools -> Options. 89 .14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. 6. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.. then the Assembly Design subcategory.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Quick Constraint.

A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. Select the 90 .Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. from the menu bar. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. interactive or generated views. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. Click OK. as well as information on the drawing standards. 7. . Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. Select the Drafting workbench. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box...7. 7. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. You may also add.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part.

and click OK. The active view is framed in red. Even though you then delete sheet1. 7. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. The non-active views are framed in blue. until you click at the desired view location.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. From the New Drawing dialog box. Select the 1:1 scale. When you create a view. the sheets newly created will keep the same name.Drawing workbench. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). Select the orientation type. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. If you click this view. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. The new sheet automatically appears. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. 91 . or the A0 ISO format. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. and then click OK. the view to be created is framed in green. select the ISO standard. 7.

You can perform an update. As you move the cursor. a previewed projection 92 . Click inside the sheet to generate the view. is detected. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Select object. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. respectively. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click on sheet to place front view.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. You can update all views or a selection of views. 7. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane.Start creating the front view. 7. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. relatively to the front view previously generated. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. Click the Drawing window. Blue arrows appear. Right-click the frame of the view. Any modification applied to the specifications.

use Undo or Redo icons. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. completely describes the object. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. Click to position the auxiliary view. for example the right view position. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. at any time. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. This auxiliary view.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. 93 . 7. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. In sectioning through irregular objects. together with the top view. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. you can.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). Click to position the callout. 7. Click an edge on the view.

In this particular case. the dialog is exactly the same. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Click to generate the detail view. Click the Drawing window. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. Double click to end the cutting profile creation.7. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. You can modify this scale. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar).9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Click the Drawing window.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. 7. Click to generate the view. and click the Aligned Section Cut . you will select the Clipping 94 . and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). 7. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . Click the Drawing window. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. Or. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. Click the callout center. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. You can also use a roughly sketched profile.

You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Click the first point of the breakout profile. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. 7. translate the profile. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. Click the 3D part. Click on the sheet. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Click the Drawing window. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. Double-click to end 95 . as well as blue manipulators appear. the top. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar).14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. If needed. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. 7. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar.Profile View icon . Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. the right. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. 7. Click the Drawing window. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. the left. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. A breakout view is often a partial section. Red zones appear.

Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Click next add any other view if required. 7. At creation. 7. Once you are satisfied. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. select Selected objects -> isolate. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). the Top view. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. 7. Bottom view. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear.18 Scaling a View 96 . Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. 7. Click the Drawing window.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. and right-click them. Left view and Right view). or all views in the drawing. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. views are by default linked to the parent view. Select the CATPart document. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). From the contextual menu. Click to position the left view.

right-click the detail view. or parts list. This view is now active. The detail view is updated. section views and section cuts. In this particular case. if you are in the background view.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. 7. you can pre-define the position. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. 7.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. Balloons generated 7. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. Before positioning the Bill of Material. This Bill of Material. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. 97 . Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. In this case. double-click the front view. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. go to Product Structure workbench.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. If needed. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Click OK. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. For modifying the detail and section callout.

On views including more dimensions. only sketched constraints are generated. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. For example. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. 2. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. 7. 3. distance. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. distance The dimensions below: 98 . After the callout arrow is properly positioned. radius. the section view is automatically updated. 4. On the view with a bigger scale. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. Then click OK in this Pattern table. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. 7. diameter Angle.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. Double-click the callout to be modified. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. On the view for which the dimension are generated. Right-click the pattern to be modified.

by default. Click OK to close the dialog box. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. length. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Dimensions 99 . dimensions are generated on all the views.23. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. radius and diameter. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. angle. to start the dimension generation.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. In the case of drawings with several views. there is only one) is automatically displayed.23. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. 7. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters.

no leader will be created. If you select an element. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location.Click the Not Generated option . The geometrical tolerance is created. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). The datum feature is created. the anchor point will be a small balloon. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. not generated. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. on the contrary. If you select a dimension or a text. the anchor point will be an arrow. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). Select an element (geometry. dimension. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). If you select a point in the free space. 7. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Click OK when you're done. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). 100 . Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. Enter the desired character string.24 Creating a Datum Feature . if needed. Click OK.

size. 101 . such as font style. Choose View -> Toolbars. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. etc. justification. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. text with leader. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. dimension text.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). and select Text Properties.7.26. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.26 Annotations 7. Text properties can be applied to text.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. balloon and datum target. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar.26. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. 7. If needed. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. Set the properties of a text. A red frame appears. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed.

The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Create a balloon by selecting an edge.6. Click OK. You can enter another string or value as needed.7.26. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Select an element. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon).26.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. For example. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click OK. 102 .5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Ra=1. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. If needed. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from.26. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Enter values in the desired field(s). You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. 7. Open any CATProduct document. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. On this CATProduct document. 7. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. Go over one of the part with your cursor.

7.26. The welding leader will appear. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. Click OK.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol.26. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. invert lines. 7. 7. If needed. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Click OK. If needed. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. merges cells. and insert a view in a table. Click the icon to launch the command. import a table. Click ok to validate the creation. insert columns. you can add text. and then click to validate. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. invert columns. switch lines and columns. In this table.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. rows. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. The welding symbol is created. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. modify the geometry-welding symbol.27 Editing Properties 103 . The welding symbols available depend on your standard. You can also split a table. Select the two elements. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box.26. 7. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. and insert views. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table.

a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Lock view: if you check this option. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. 3D Colors. 3D Wireframe. edit annotation font properties. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . if needed. dress-up elements.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Center line. Right-click on the front view and select properties. if needed. 3D Points. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Choose your options. Scale: the scale of the view. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Lines and Curves option. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Among other things. 3D spec. Click the Graphic Tab. you can create a formula for the view name. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). Thread. Fillets. Choose the View tab. Axis. Click OK. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. no more modification allowed in the view. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Dress up: Hidden lines.

edit dimension value properties. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. 105 . or leader). The Options dialog box appears. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. edit dimension text properties. frame. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. In other words. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. In the Properties dialog box that appears. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. Grid: To define your grid. click the Font tab. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. 7. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. if needed. Modify the available options. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements.then select the Edit-> Properties command. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. if needed. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The associated panel is displayed. Modify the available options. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Select the Tools->Options command.

you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. As a result. following it dynamically during the creation process. In addition. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. View axis: When you activate a view. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. the dimension is automatically re-computed. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Select the Dimension tab in Options. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). you can choose to visualize the view axis. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . To activate this mode. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. when you update the drawing.

You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. then the balloon will be generated twice. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. the Create detected constraints option is not available. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Generate centerlines. Project 3D points. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Properties option. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Generate fillet. If all of the detection options are unchecked. either or not using SmartPick. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Filters before generation. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. end points included. Select the Generation tab. perpendicularity and tangency. Hidden lines. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Select the Geometry tab. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Allow automatic transfer between views. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. 107 . Parallelism. Apply 3D specification. Alignment. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Automatic positioning after generation. Generate threads. Horizontality and verticality. 3D colors inheritance. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. View tab): Generate axis. Project 3D wireframe. if a component is used two times within a product. Analysis after generation.

If you click the other color of the elements switch button. Constraint diagnostics. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. It is not used for creating solid primitives. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. For this before callout creation check this option. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. As a result. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. This element is used as positioning reference. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. f)Annotations 108 . scaling factor or frame to appear. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. the sketch. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. and only visualized by. the following dialog box appears. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. you can define that you want or not the view name. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. Select the Layout tab.

Press OK. command.You can customize given options when creating annotations. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. In this particular case. or both. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. Activate the settings. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. press the shift key. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. It is now possible to customize the settings. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Select the Annotation tab. according to the orientation. as you will choose to load the referenced document. 109 . Make sure the specification tree actually appears. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. 7... Select the Edit->Links command. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. Press OK. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). no matter what the view scale is.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document.

Create Constraints. 8. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. Create Detected Constraints. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command.2 Creating Views 110 . True Length Dimension 8. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View.8.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. if needed. Snap to Point. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. To modify these colors. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. View. Force Dimension on Element. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions.

In other words. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. a left view and a right view. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. you can create: a top view. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. For example. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. modified in this dialog box. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Press OK. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). This is true for any kind of view. In other words. a bottom view. dimensions.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. For this. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. In this case. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. double-click on this isometric view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. Click the Drawing window. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. 8. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Press OK. From an active front view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. A blue axis displays in a red frame. by double-clicking on this view. Click the New View icon . Click the Profile icon and create 111 . 8. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Right-click the view used as reference.

curve). in another view. 8. You will first add elements to an existing view. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. In this case. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. Add elements to an existing view.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. ellipse. In this case. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. using the Action-Object mode.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. circle. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. using the Action-Object mode. select a circle in the top view. Select. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. Select more elements to be projected. using the ObjectAction mode. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. At any time. and then transformed into the receiving view. select an arc of a circle in the front view. 112 . hyperbola. parabola. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. the object to be projected. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. if needed.

In this case. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. 113 . using the Object-Action mode. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. Select the object defining the view to be created. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view.Create an isometric view from scratch. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. select the whole front view.

etc. select the Visual Clipping check box. Click on the frame to select it. clipping views. If you want constraints to be created. details views. Select the view and right-click the view frame. The frame can only be rectangular.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. a configuration. In the contextual menu. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. Click the View tab.8. isometric views.6 Reframing a View In this task. Click OK. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. You can reframe any type of view: front views. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. choose Properties. a distance constraint. In the Visualization and Behavior area. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. 8. as you want. a mode: measured or constraining mode.

Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. these relations will be taken into account. In other words. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. On the Dimensioning toolbar. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. you can preview the dimensions to be created. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. click a second element in the view. If you choose this constraint. The software proposes you parallelism by default. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( .10 Creating Dimensions In this task.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. 8. you will learn how to create dimensions. The most logical constraint is automatically offered.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. If needed. In the Constraint Definition dialog box.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. click the Dimensions icon. you can only create constraints between similar elements. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. but not between a mix of these. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. or between generated elements. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. 8. Click a first element in the view. In other words. When creating dimensions on elements. click in the drawing. 8. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears.

Click to validate the dimension creation. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. 8.toolbar). Red end points appear. i. Select the reference line. Select a circle.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. 8. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Select the dimension. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar).11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting.e. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. and then the second element. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. If you right-click the dimension before creation. 116 . To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. you can also access the Properties options. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. click the centerline.

The thread is created. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. The Tap type option activated by default. part-generated elements. Select two lines. part-sketched. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. In this particular case. The axis line is created. The axes and centerlines are created. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. generated elements. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. In the Pattern dialog box. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. Click the Drawing window. Select the Reference Thread type option line. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). you will apply a thread to a hole. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Click the Drawing window. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). 117 from the Dress up toolbar. The thread is created according to this reference. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. . d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. dotting or coloring). click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. from the (Tools toolbar). Click the Drawing window. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. Select the Thread type option from the Dress .c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Click the Drawing window.

For the purpose of this exercise. To modify the position of the arrow. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. you can drag it to change the arrow path. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. The arrow and the selected object are associative. A contextual menu appears. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. Click the Drawing window.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. The Area Detection dialog box appears. Select Add a Breakpoint. under the line. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. which represents the fillet edge. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. The arrow is created. 118 .