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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. and costs are generally lower. not just that of exterior. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. and flexibility. cost. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. Moreover. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. and are less expensive. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. For that we need level three: SM systems.Generally. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. 1. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile.
1. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. In this way. to be sure. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. so mass properties (volume. 8 .5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. surface area. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. outside.4 LAYOUTS. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer.systems to handle architectural problems.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. or on the surface of the object in question. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. 1. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. rather than a part of engineering. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. weight. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. centre of gravity. 1. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. By its nature. DESIGN.
This enables you to create a positioned sketch. 9 . point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. or select a planar surface. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). if you need for more complex sketches 2. With solid. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. and then select Edit. it remains a challenge.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. automation of process planning is also impossible. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems.1. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. Without solids. 2. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. Once created. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. but one that can be surmounted.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. To do this from the 3D.e.
you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. Snap to Point If activated. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. Construction elements 10 . Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. i. . The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis.e. in which you specify the reference plane. on some occasions.2.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. 2.
Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). the sketch. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. These elements are used as positioning references. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. and only visualized by.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. 2. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. 11 . These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). Dimensional Constraints: When selected. graphically speaking. These elements cannot be modified. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. uses edges. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. As a result.
using coordinates. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. the 2. on a point. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. two or three elements.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. Using SmartPick. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. .5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool.6 Creating Constraints 2. The constraints are in priority dimensional. at the extremity point of a curve. at the intersection point of two curves. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. whenever possible. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). SmartPick will return information via symbols. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears.6. any of the above cases possibly combined together. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. at the midpoint of a line. According to the various active options. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. all over a curve.
2. If constraints already exist. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.6. the application displays it in green. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. Horizontal. 13 .6. Select a second element. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. by default. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Coincidence.6.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Select a first element. Angle. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. 2. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. they are checked in the dialog box. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. This constraint can be created between either two elements. Once the profile is fully constrained. coincidence and tangency. 2. For editing. Parallelism or Perpendicular). You can either select the geometry or the command first. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Fix. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Select the profile to be constrained. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options).2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact.
7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. 14 . Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar.2. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc.
The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Click to create the parallelogram. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.
When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar).Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. circle centers appear on the sketch. Click three elements. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). m) Creating an Arc 16 . By default. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle.
The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. end.It shows how to create an arc. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. center and apex. Double-click to end the spline. end. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. middle. s) Creating a Conic 17 . o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). To create a Parabola click the focus. Double-click the control point you wish to edit.start. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. Clicking another command ends the spline too. b) Through three points . and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). To create a hyperbola click the focus. a) The arc center point. middle. start point and end point. There are three possibilities. c) Through three points –start.
The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. if needed. in accordance with both points previously clicked. As a result. one after the other. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. Click the line first point (first point). Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. a circle. x) Creating an Axis 18 . Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). To edit. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. a parabola or a hyperbola. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. Click two points on the two existing lines.
2. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve.This task shows how to create an axis. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. of course you can create this point manually. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. In this task. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Select a first line (or an axis).8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Select a second line (or an axis). 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram.
Select the two lines. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Select the two curves. Length1/Angle. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. . and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. The second line is also highlighted. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Create two intersecting lines. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Select the first line. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Trim All / First / No element. Length1/Length2. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the two lines. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. the first or none of the elements. You can create rounded corners between curves. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor.
5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. The complementary arc appears for selected arc.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). These options are Rubber In. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. The line is now composed of two movable segments. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. a construction line or an axis. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Create a three points arc. 21 from the Sketch tools . For example. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. The arc will now be closed. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. a three point arc. Select the line to be broken. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. Rubber out. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. and Break. Select one or more elements to be relimited. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry.
multi-select the entire profile. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Select the geometry to be rotated. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Multi-selection is not available. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). In other words. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. De-activate the Duplicate mode.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. In the Translation Definition dialog box. enter a precise value for the translation length. if needed. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Enter the number of copies you need. Select the element(s) to be translated. The duplicate mode is activated by default. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Here. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click a point to define an angle. Select or click the rotation center point. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar).
The intersection is yellow. These projections are yellow. arc or circle. Select the surface. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. The line to be created appears. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The selected line is duplicated. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. Both lines are parallel. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. If the line is not already selected. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). select it. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. These 23 . There are two possibilities. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. the line to be created appears immediately. Select the face of interest. by creating several offset instances.
You can now sketch the required profile. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. and then click Sketcher. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. The Sketcher tab appears.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. 2. 2. It indicates the overall 24 . Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. In other words. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. Primary spacing. The Options dialog box appears.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. in the Tools toolbar. Expand the Mechanical Design option. 2. Position sketch plane parallel to screen.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Graduations. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D.
This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. This application. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design.3. which is fully integrated into Part Design.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. 3. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. 25 . Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. from simple to advance. To open it. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon).1 Opening a New CATPart Document. Actually. b) the geometry area. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The New dialog box is displayed. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. c) specific toolbars. offers a highly productive. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch.
2. Between: Creating point between two other points. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Y. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. ellipse. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. 3.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. 26 . . 3.3.2. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Circle center: Creating point of a circle.
Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. In this section. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes.Regardless of the line type. Slot. Click the Plane icon . and Remove Loft. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Some operations consist in adding material. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. it is represented by a red square symbol. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Once you have defined the plane. Rib. Groove. 27 . Shaft. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. 3. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Loft. Pocket. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane.2. others in removing material.
Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. the application specifies the length of your pad. Up to Plane. Up to Surface. 28 . Just click the More button and define the second limit. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button.Up to Last. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. You will notice that by default. By default.3. if you extrude a profile. 3. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. For each of them. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. If you wish to define another length for this direction.3. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values.3. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions.
set the Type parameter to Dimension. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. up to last. Alternatively. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction.3. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. using different length values. 3. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Click the Pocket icon . To define a specific depth.3. Click OK to create the pocket. Select the profile to be extruded. up to plane. The specification tree indicates this creation. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Double-click Pocket to edit it. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. By default.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Click the Multi-Pocket icon .3. Note 29 . The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. if you extrude a profile.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. To specify another direction. up to surface.
5 Thin Solids When creating pads. For the purposes of our scenario. you do not have to select the axis. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. and click Preview to see the result. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material.3. Click the Shaft icon . The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. For each of them. Select the open profile. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. and click Preview to see the result. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees.3. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. 3. select LIM1 or 30 . You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. Alternatively. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Enter Thickness2 's value. If needed. Once you have done your modifications. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. pockets and stiffeners. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. The method described here is also valid for pockets. Consequently. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. You need an open or closed profile. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. The profile is previewed in dotted line. 3.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". Enter Thickness1 's value.
If needed. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. you do not have to select the axis. Click Preview to see the result.3. 3.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. Click the Groove icon . This task shows you how to create a groove. Consequently. The shaft is created. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. Click OK to confirm. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). For the purposes of our scenario. Click OK to confirm the 31 . The specification tree mentions it has been created. Select the profile.
Various shapes of standard holes can be created. 3.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. you need a center curve.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. 3.3. CATIA removes material around the cylinder.3. you can enter the values of your choice.operation. By default. but you can use standard values. 3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole.3. To define a rib. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. To define a thread.
To define this direction. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar.3. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. The application now previews the rib to be created. New options are then available. The rib is created. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree mentions this creation. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Click the Rib icon . Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. To create Rib. Click OK. Select the profile you wish to sweep. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch.element or a pulling direction.11 Slot 33 . you can select a plane or an edge.2. It should be a closed profile. it can be discontinuous in tangency. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. 3.
These profiles must be closed and must not intersect.3. the application computes a spine. Tangency.xxx) is added to the specification tree. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. To define a slot. Vertices. They are highlighted in the geometry area. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. Click the Slot icon . Select the three section curves.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Reference surface. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. By default. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Click the Loft icon . Click OK to create the volume. Pulling direction. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. you need a center curve. 3. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Tangency then curvature. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. 34 . The feature (identified as Loft. a planar profile. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. The resulting feature is a closed volume. It is closed. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. You can note that by default. Select the profile.
. Select the profile to be extruded.3. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. By default. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. If you need to use an open profile. Select required sections & guide curves if needed.xxx) is added to the specification tree.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. the application computes a spine. The feature (identified as Loft. Click the Remove Loft icon . make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. Click OK to create the lofted surface.3. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears.3. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . 3.
36 . if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. Select the edges. The specification tree indicates it has been created. CATIA displays the radius value. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. 3.4. depending on the radius value you specified.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. you can then trim the fillets to be created. The stiffener is created. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Conversely. Click OK.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Tangency. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. When filleting an edge. If you set the Tangency mode. Check the Neutral Fiber option. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. Click the Edge Fillet icon . From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field.
the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. Select the face to be removed. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Instead of entering a radius value. 3. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Click OK. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. Click OK.3. Select the faces to be filleted. Click OK. Select the faces to be filleted. The faces are filleted.4. the application chamfers its edges. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. 3. Depending on the curve's shape. The fillet will be tangent to this face. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces.4.4. 3.5 Basic Draft 37 . Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle.4. The specification tree indicates this creation.
This element will remain the same during the draft.4.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. Click OK. 3. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. If Keep Parting =Neutral.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Parting element: this plane. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. Material has been removed & the face is drafted.
Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . indicating the default pulling direction. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry.9 Thickness 39 .8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. You can add as many points as you wish. click the Points field.4. To add a point on the edge. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . The Shell Definition dialog box appears. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Click OK to confirm.4. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. Enter the Default inside thickness field. The feature is shelled. 3. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. 3. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Select the face to be removed. Select the face. To edit the other angle value. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Click OK. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. 3. Select the face to be drafted. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. Click the Shell icon . select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. Select face as the neutral element.4. The reflect line is moved accordingly. The selected face becomes purple.
5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. The application previews the thread. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Select the faces to thicken. 3. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. pitch value.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. You can also specify the direction by means of X. Click the Thickness icon . depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Click OK to confirm. The element (identified as Translate. Enter a positive value.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. 3. This task shows you how to translate a body. Click OK. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user.5.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The part is thickened accordingly. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. This creation appears in the specification tree. but the thread (identified as Thread. Enter the thread depth. Select the upper face as the limit face. Click the Translate icon . Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Click Preview. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Y. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the translated element.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. 40 . Limit faces must be planar. Check the Left-Threaded option. Click the Thread/Tap icon . There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area.
Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. 3. Select a point.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the rotated element. The specification tree mentions this creation. line or plane as reference element. Enter a value for the rotation angle.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. Click the Mirror icon .5. The element is rotated. Select an edge as the rotation axis. The new element (identified as Symmetry. The command applies to current bodies. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. 3. The element (identified as Rotate.5. Click the Symmetry icon . The application previews the material to be created. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. The pads are mirrored. Click the Rotate icon .5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .5. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5. Click OK to confirm the operation. 3. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.3. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.
These parameters are: Instances & total angle. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. If needed. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. The feature "RectPattern. Instances & angular spacing. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction.This is the resulting pattern. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Angular spacing & total angle. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part.5. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Defining the spacing along the grid. 42 . The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Now. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Click OK. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Select the feature you wish to copy. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. complete crown. These features accelerate the creation process. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Patterns let you do so. Spacing & Length. Instances & Spacing.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. circular and user patterns. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern.
Select the feature you wish to duplicate. 3. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. 3. Select the body to be scaled. The feature appears in the Object field. Select the reference point located on the body. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points.6. To do so.5.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. Click OK. This axis will be normal to the face. These points are created in the Sketch. Click OK. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. you can select an edge or a planar face. Click Preview. Now. The body is scaled. The pad will be repeated seven times.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. One more ring of pads will be added. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. 3. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. click the Crown Definition tab. The specification tree indicates this creation. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Click the Scaling icon .5. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 .6 Measuring 3. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. you are going to add a crown to your part. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. To define a direction. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Click OK. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Click the User Pattern icon .
Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. vertices and entire products) or between points. edges. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. Click to select a surface. Click the Measure Item icon. 3. icon in the Definition box. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.6. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. The Measure Between dialog box appears. edge or vertex. surfaces. Switch to Design Mode. By default. etc. edge or vertex. edges. or an entire product (selection 1). 3. Click the Measure Between icon.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . Click to select another surface. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). or an entire product (selection 2). Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edges.6. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features.). This command lets you choose the selection mode. surfaces and entire products). Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. If exact values cannot be measured. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. The Measure Item dialog box appears. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type.
you must select the desired sub-product. Click OK. indicating the splitting element. Click the Split icon . mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. geometry or assembly. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. 45 . the dialog box also gives the area. density. volume (volumes only). In addition to the center of gravity G. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. Select the splitting surface.7 Surface-Based Features 3. The body is split. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. The area. you can click it to reverse the direction. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. face or surface.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. Click the Measure Inertia icon. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. The measure is made on the selection.7. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. density and mass of the selected item. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. 3. Material has been removed.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object.
Click OK. Select the object you wish to thicken. Click the Thick Surface icon . Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value.7. Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. 46 . that is the extrude element. In the geometry area. INITIAL 3. Select the surface to be closed. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.INITIAL 3. Click the Close Surface icon .3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. If you need to reverse the arrow. just click it.7.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The surface is thickened. The surface is closed . the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction.
Click OK. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Some material has been removed. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. indicating the object to be sewn. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.INITIAL FINAL 3. INITIAL FINAL 47 . The surface is sewn onto the body. Click the Sew Surface icon .7.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body.
8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. During the operation. To assemble them. 3. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .3. You will notice that Part Body and Body.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. It is underlined. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. Assembling Bodies. material has been added. Removing Bodies. indicating that it is the active body.x" in the specification tree. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. INITIAL 48 .x are autonomous. The result is immediate. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. 3. When your part includes several bodies. Click the Insert Body icon. This is your new Part Body. if you wish to combine them. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. Intersecting Bodies. It allows you to create complex geometry. By default.8. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. Click OK to confirm.8. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. Now. Trimming Bodies.
The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. By default. Click the Add icon . the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .8. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.FINAL 3.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body.
You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.Part Body. Click OK.1 has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 50 .
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
Update. 3. then Display tab. you just need to use the Isolate command. containing three categories of options: External References..Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. 4. Delete Operation .Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. The Options dialog box is displayed. you often need to select other elements as inputs. they will not be deleted. which means that if they are shared by other features. The tab appears.9. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. Select the Tools -> Options.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.. The General tab appears. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. External References. When selecting a sketch as 54 .. Geometry.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. command Click the Infrastructure category. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.This task shows you how to set general settings. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. When creating a geometric element. Update. Select the Tools -> Options command. copied elements for example. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. and their origins when you are editing these elements.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.. Click the Infrastructure category. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. and Delete Operation.
the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. depending on the feature you are creating. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Select a curve or a Point on curve. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Click OK to create the planes.the input element.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. The Planes Between dialog box appears. 4. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). 4. in only one operation. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. Click the Planes Repetition icon .3 Creating Polylines 55 . If you check the with end points option. 4. some restrictions apply.
This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. The circle (identified as Circle. Click the Polyline icon . Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Two points and radius. 56 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Three points. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Enter all input as specified.Tritangent. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Enter a Radius value. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Center and point.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Bitangent and point . Click the Circle icon . Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. 4. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. Bitangent and radius .
5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. You can select the Geometry on support check box. 57 . and select a support.4. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. Replace the selected point by another point. Remove the selected point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. Click the Spline icon . The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Add a point before the selected point.
Enter a Radius value. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. The corner will be created between these two references. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. 58 . Height. such as coils and springs for example.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Select two curves as reference element. Several solutions may be possible. Orientation. Click OK to create the corner.4. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. Taper Angle. Click the Helix icon . 4. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Profile. Click the Corner icon . so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Click OK to create the helix. Starting Angle. Select the Support surface.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. The reference elements must lie on this support. Select a starting point and an axis.
Specify the Start radius value. that is the distance from the Center point. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. Click OK to create the connect curve.4.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is a in 2D plane. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. Click the Connect Curve icon . The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Tangency or Curvature. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. along the Reference direction. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. Click the Spiral icon .Define the spiral's Orientation. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. 4. when the spiral is defined by an angle.
Click the Projection icon . Click the Conic icon . hyperbolas or ellipses. Select the element to be projected.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. The projection may be normal or along a direction. 4. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. The projection is added to the specification tree. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. You can select several elements to be projected. Select the Support element. passing points or tangents. 60 .10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. Click OK to create the projection element. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction.4.
Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. lines. etc. A Face. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. The intersection is displayed. A Contour. Point. Click the Intersection icon . Click OK to create the intersection element. Select the two elements to be intersected. 61 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Avoid using input elements. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. This element (identified as Intersect.) 4. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone.Fill in the conic curve parameters.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements.
Click the Extrude icon .4. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. 4. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. lofting and sweeping. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon.13. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Geometry with no history is called a datum. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. 62 . Click OK to create the surface.
13.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. Click OK to create the surface. and angular limits. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. 4.4. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. Click the Revolve icon . The Sphere Surface Definition 63 .13. The spherical surface is based on a center point. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.
Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. 4. one on each side of the reference surface.13. along 64 . Click OK to create the surfaces. Click the Offset icon . 4. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Select the center point of the sphere. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. Click Apply to preview the surface. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Select the surface to be offset.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Click OK to create the surface.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile.dialog box is displayed.13.
Select the planar Profile to be swept out. Click the Line profile icon. With draft direction. 65 . you can select a reference Surface. If needed. select a Spine. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. In the Smooth sweeping section. Click the Sweep icon . This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. Select a Guide curve. Click the Sweep icon . You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. Limit and middle. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. Click the Sweep icon . The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. then use the combo to choose the subtype. With tangency surface. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. The five possible cases are Two limits. If no spine is selected. If needed. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. select a Second Guide. Click the Explicit profile icon. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Circle icon. With reference curve. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. With reference surface. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves.xxx) is added to the specification tree.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine.
xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Conic icon. 4. Two guides. Click OK to create the swept surface. such as parabolas. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves.13. the results may be inconsistent. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. hyperbolas or ellipses. Remove the selected element. The surface (identified as Sweep.13. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Replace the selected element by another curve. If not. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select guide curves. Three guides.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. If 66 . d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Sweep icon . Select one or two section curves. Click the Fill icon . You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Select a passing point. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Loft icon . and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Five guides. Click OK to create the fill surface. and enter a radius value.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Four guides. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears.
Click the Split icon . Click OK to create the lofted surface.needed. taking a number of constraints into account. or on none.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. Start extremity. None. A preview of the split appears. translating and rotating. and so forth. Click OK. Select the element to be split.xxx) is added to the specification tree. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. on both. Several coupling types are available. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Vertices. Select the cutting element. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. 4. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. In the Spine tab page. 4. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. 67 .1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. End extremity. The surface (identified as Blend. such as tension. only on the End section. In that case.14. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. 4. continuity. The Split Definition dialog box appears.13. then the second curve and its support.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. You can select several cutting elements. Tangency. Tangency then curvature. Successively select the first curve and its support. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. select one or more guide curves. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. Click the Blend icon .
You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. A preview of the trimmed element appears. 68 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.xxx element in the specification tree. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. The Trim Definition dialog box appears.14. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. In that case it appears as a separate Split. Click the Trim icon .2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. Click OK to split the element.
This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements.14. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. No propagation. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. The selected element is highlighted. a point on the curve for example.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. 69 . or Tangent continuity. Select an edge or the face of an element. Click OK to create the boundary curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4. without deleting the initial element. and so forth.14. Click the Extract icon . Click the Boundary icon . solids. points. Click OK to extract the element. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. Select a Surface edge.). The extracted element (identified as Extract.4.
Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces.14. Click the Rotate icon . Select a line as the rotation axis. 4.14. Select the Vector Definition.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the scaled element. line or plane as reference element. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click OK to create the translated element. Click the Symmetry icon . 4.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Click the Affinity icon . 4. 4. Select the element to be rotated. Click the Translate icon . or more. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.14. plane or planar surface. Select the scaling reference point. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Select the element to be translated. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.14. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Click the Scaling icon . Click OK. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. point. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Select a point.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Click OK to create the rotated element.4.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation.14. The element (identified as Translate . The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. line or surface element. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Select the element to be transformed by scaling.
The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Merging distance. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane.14. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface.14. 71 . Select a surface Boundary. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Other options available are Simplify the result. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Ignore erroneous elements. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Sub-Elements To Remove. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Angle Tolerance. Click the Extrapolate icon .operation. 4.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Z values. Click OK to create the affinity element. Click the Join icon. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Y. federation. 4. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold.
xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4.14. Select the surfaces to be healed.4. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. You can also set the Distance objective. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. while the surface is restored.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. Provided the Tangent mode is active. Select the surface which limits should be restored. and selecting one or more edges. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Select the surface which limits should be restored. From the Parameters tab. The surface (identified as Heal. Click the Healing icon. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. A progression bar is displayed. 72 . Click OK in the dialog box.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon.14. you can retain sharp edges. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. by clicking the Sharpness tab. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces.
Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. and type of discontinuity (point. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. Select the element to be disassembled. The selected element is disassembled. Click OK in the dialog box. A progression bar is displayed. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. A resulting element can be made of several cells.4.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. that is to say independent elements are created.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. To warn you that an update is needed. 73 . The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. 4. fill the gaps. i.14. To update a part. To update the part. manual update. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. while the surface is being disassembled. that can be manipulated independently. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. A progression bar indicates the .14. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. Click the Curve Smooth icon . Select the curve to be smoothed.e. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red.
4. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. Click OK to move the open body to the new body.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. select the branch of your choice. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body.x. This involves. removing open body entities and changing body. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. In the specification tree. CATIA displays this new Open_body. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command.4.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . indicating that it is the active open body. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. 4. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. The result is immediate. It is underlined. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. The Change Body dialog box appears. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. in the specification tree. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. inserting open body entities.
5. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. if it was hidden. Click the Extremum icon . 5. 5. Click OK. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. according to given directions. or becomes visible. edges or faces). Min. Select a curve. a surface. The point (identified as Extremum. when combined with other products such as Part Design. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. The open body or it’s content is hidden. or a pad. if it was visible. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features.xxx) is added to the specification tree.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 .command. Set the correct options: Max.
lofted. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Click OK to create the spine. Max angle. a point in this case. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Depending on the selected computation type. the results can be: Min radius. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. This task shows how to create a spine. Click the Polar Extremum icon . that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Successively select planes. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. You can also select a start point.xxx). 76 . Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Max radius. is added to the specification tree. Min angle. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. on a planar contour. 5. The spine is displayed. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Click Preview. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. Click OK.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click Preview. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. or filleted surfaces. Click OK to create the extremum point.
Click the Combine icon . Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. 5. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Select the reference Curve to be offset. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Click OK to create the element. Key in an angle.5. Successively select the two curves to be combined.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. select the support surface and a direction. The combine (identified as Combine. whether closed or open. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears.
Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. Select the Tools -> Options command. The Reference surface is optional. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. 5. The General tab displays. The Options dialog box is displayed. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. When designing the profile to be swept. Select points on guide to add other sections. 6. Assembly Design 78 . keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Click OK to create the swept surface. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity.5. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Select the Guiding curve.
a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree.1).2.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch.2 Inserting a Components 6. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. In the specification tree.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. 6. To create an assembly. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. The Product2 (Product2. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. 6. The structure of your assembly now 79 . You can use parts to create products. you need products.1) is created in the . select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. 6. Those products can in turn be used to create other products.3 Inserting a New Part icon.2. 6.2. In the specification tree.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The Assembly Design workbench is opened.
3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . select Product1 and click the New Part icon . If geometry exists in the assembly. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. However.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. The operation is very simple. Select the component you wish to instantiate. The application previews the location of the new components. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. 6. To define the direction of creation. In the specification tree. on another component for example. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. 6. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. The result is immediate. Select the component you wish to instantiate. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. check x-axis. you should keep in mind the 80 . Click OK to create the components. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. 6.
Click the Contact Constraint icon . You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Select the face to be constrained. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . Same.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. coaxiality or coplanarity. As the contact constraint is created. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. Double-clicking activates it.5. 6. This constraint is added to the specification tree too.5. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. you may obtain concentricity. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. 6.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. indicating orientations.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Depending on the selected elements. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. opposite. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. The selected component is orange framed (default color). The components involved and their status are indicated. Green graphic symbols are 81 . The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Select the second face to be constrained.
you need to specify how faces should be oriented. 6. When setting an angle constraint.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Click OK to create the angle component. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. The constraint is created. click More to expand the dialog box. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. The components involved and their status are indicated. which means setting an absolute position. This operation is referred to as "Fix".5. In the dialog box that appears. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). This constraint is added to the specification tree.5. that is the light blue . Select the component to be fixed. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon .5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Keep the Angle option. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". which means setting a relative position. 6. Click the Offset Constraint icon . Select the faces to be constrained. Click OK to create the offset constraint. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. 82 . You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. By fixing its position according to other components. Click the Angle Constraint icon . you will have to define an angle value.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. 6.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.5. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly.
Move the fixed component.5. The Fix Together dialog box appears.5. 6. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. The components are attached to each other. Select the constraint to be changed. not necessarily in the active component. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. 83 .8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. The Change Type dialog box that appears. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. displays all possible constraints. Select the new type of constraint. 6. The first constraint in the list can now be set. Click OK to validate the operation. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. You can select as many components as you wish. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . displaying the list of selected components. 6. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Select the two entities to be constrained. Click OK.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. but they must belong to the active component.5. Angle and Parallelism. Click the Change Constraint icon . Click the Fix Together icon . Moving one of them moves the other one too. In the Name field. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. Offset. Click OK to confirm. Coincidence. You can select any constraints. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.
6. three options are available: Reuse the original component. The constraint is deactivated.5. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Click the Update icon whole assembly. Check the Manual option in the Update frame.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. cut & paste the original component. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. The default color is black. 84 . There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. indicating they need an update. 6. To do so. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. The assembly is updated. The constraints are in black. create a new instance. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Select any activated constraint. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . 6. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. Using no associativity: the option is off. Select the Tools -> Options command.
Depending on the selected elements.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. yz and xz planes. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. you will obtain different results. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. You can move your component along the x. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.8 Moving Components 6. y or z-axis. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse.8.8. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. You can rotate your component around the x.1" is displayed below this entity. The third row is reserved for rotations.xx" is displayed in the tree. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. 85 . y or z-axis as well as in the xy. 6. 6. If you use the option "generated constraints".Click OK to repeat the second component.
The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The point is projected onto the line. reference plane or cylinder axis). also appears.8. 86 . The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. The point is projected onto the plane. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. edge. Click the Sectioning icon. it creates constraints. Both lines become collinear. The plane passes through the line. Z. 6. A Preview window. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. 6. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. The section plane is automatically created.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. invert the normal vector of the plane. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. Optionally.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The line is projected onto the plane. move and rotate the section plane. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. showing the generated section. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane.
1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. Remove. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. 6.X' in assembly features available in history tree. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. double-click 'Assembly Split. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Pocket. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. Click OK to confirm. Perform a Symmetry. show-no show. For instance modify: viewpoint. keep in mind the following. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. Add. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. To edit an assembly split.6. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Hole. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. graphical attributes. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Within a scene. Perform the required modifications. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Click Ok to end the scene creation.10. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . 6. Click the Create Scene icon .11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. which in turn must contain one part at least. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. click them to reverse the direction. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. the graphical attributes of the components.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. The active product at least must include two components.
The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Selection against all. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Click Apply to check for interferences. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Click Apply to perform the operation. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Keep All levels set by default. if necessary. Click the Explode icon . Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Set the explode type. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. 6. Inside one selection. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Between two selections.they were in the initial product. 6. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Keep it.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. 3D is the default type. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Clearance + Contact + Clash. keep the selection as it is. 88 .
then the Assembly Design subcategory.6. Click the Mechanical Design category.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. command.14. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.14. The General tab appears. then the Assembly Design subcategory.. 89 .14. The General tab appears.. Update and Delete Operation 6. Click the Infrastructure category.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Click the Mechanical Design category. Constraint Creation. Select Tools -> Options. Move components. Quick Constraint.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. 6. containing three categories of options: External References. Access to geometry. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. displaying the following options: Update.
Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. Select the 90 . Select the Drafting workbench. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. You may also add.7. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. Click OK. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. interactive or generated views. 7.. as well as information on the drawing standards..2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. . A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. from the menu bar. 7.
until you click at the desired view location. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. or the A0 ISO format. the view to be created is framed in green. The non-active views are framed in blue.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. From the New Drawing dialog box. and then click OK. 7.Drawing workbench. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. Select the orientation type. 91 . When you create a view. select the ISO standard. 7. If you click this view. The new sheet automatically appears. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. and click OK. Select the 1:1 scale. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). The active view is framed in red. Even though you then delete sheet1.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet.
An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. is detected.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. respectively. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). You can perform an update. relatively to the front view previously generated. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. As you move the cursor. Right-click the frame of the view.Start creating the front view. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. Click the Drawing window.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. You can update all views or a selection of views. Blue arrows appear. 7. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. 7. Click on sheet to place front view. a previewed projection 92 . before the generated view(s) is/are updated. Select object. Any modification applied to the specifications.
Click to position the auxiliary view. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. Click an edge on the view. In sectioning through irregular objects. 93 . Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. use Undo or Redo icons. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. together with the top view. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. 7. Click to position the callout.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. you can. 7. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Click the Drawing window. for example the right view position. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. completely describes the object. This auxiliary view. at any time. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane.
9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. and click the Aligned Section Cut .7. You can modify this scale. Click to generate the view. the dialog is exactly the same. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). 7. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. Click to generate the detail view. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. 7. In this particular case. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. you will select the Clipping 94 . Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). Click the Drawing window. Or.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Click the Drawing window. Click the callout center. Click the Drawing window. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile.
7.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. 7. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Double-click to end 95 . Click the Drawing window. Click the 3D part. the left. 7.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. as well as blue manipulators appear. the top. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. Click the first point of the breakout profile. A breakout view is often a partial section. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. the right.Profile View icon . Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. Red zones appear. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. translate the profile. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click the Drawing window. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click on the sheet. If needed. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar).
Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. 7. Click the Drawing window.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Once you are satisfied. Bottom view. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Click next add any other view if required. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. or all views in the drawing. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. At creation. Select the views you want to isolate (for example.18 Scaling a View 96 .17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. views are by default linked to the parent view. 7. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. From the contextual menu. Click to position the left view. 7. Left view and Right view). Select the CATPart document. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. and right-click them. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. select Selected objects -> isolate. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). 7. the Top view.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more).
multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. The detail view is updated. go to Product Structure workbench. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. Balloons generated 7. right-click the detail view. section views and section cuts. if you are in the background view. This view is now active. 7. For modifying the detail and section callout. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. This Bill of Material. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. or parts list. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. 97 . If needed. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. In this case. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. double-click the front view. In this particular case. Before positioning the Bill of Material. Click OK. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. 7. you can pre-define the position.
The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. radius. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. Double-click the callout to be modified. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. 7. 4. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. For example. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. distance. distance The dimensions below: 98 . Then click OK in this Pattern table. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. On the view with a bigger scale. On the view for which the dimension are generated. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. the section view is automatically updated. Right-click the pattern to be modified. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. diameter Angle. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. 2. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. 7. On views including more dimensions. only sketched constraints are generated. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. 3. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized.
2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. by default. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance.23. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Dimensions 99 . Click OK to close the dialog box. to start the dimension generation.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. 7. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). dimensions are generated on all the views. angle. In the case of drawings with several views.23. there is only one) is automatically displayed. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. length. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. radius and diameter. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters.
the anchor point will be a small balloon. not generated. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. If you select a point in the free space. If you select a dimension or a text. Click OK when you're done. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Select an element (geometry. The datum feature is created. if needed. no leader will be created. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. 7. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. Click OK. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. on the contrary.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). Enter the desired character string. This task will show you how to create a datum feature.24 Creating a Datum Feature . The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. 100 . the anchor point will be an arrow. The geometrical tolerance is created.Click the Not Generated option . If you select an element. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). dimension. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or.
dimension text. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. A red frame appears.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. 101 . such as font style. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. etc. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end).26. balloon and datum target.26. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it.26 Annotations 7. Set the properties of a text. size. 7. Choose View -> Toolbars. If needed.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. justification. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.7. text with leader. Text properties can be applied to text. and select Text Properties.
Click OK. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. For example. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol.26. Ra=1.26. Go over one of the part with your cursor. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. Click to define the balloon anchor point. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update.26.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Select an element. If needed.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location.7. Open any CATProduct document. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). 7. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Enter values in the desired field(s). 102 . Create a balloon by selecting an edge. 7. You can enter another string or value as needed.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). On this CATProduct document.6. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from.
8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The welding leader will appear. invert columns. rows. insert columns. In this table. and then click to validate.26. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. and insert views. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. Click OK. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar.26. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. You can also split a table. 7. Select the two elements. If needed. If needed. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. you can add text. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. 7. Click OK. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol.27 Editing Properties 103 . import a table. The welding symbol is created.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld.7. switch lines and columns. invert lines. merges cells.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. Click ok to validate the creation. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol.26. 7. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click the icon to launch the command. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. modify the geometry-welding symbol. and insert a view in a table. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height.
Lines and Curves option. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. you can create a formula for the view name. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . if needed. Lock view: if you check this option. Fillets.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Choose the View tab. Click OK. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. dress-up elements. Right-click on the front view and select properties. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). Click the Graphic Tab. no more modification allowed in the view. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Among other things. if needed. 3D Points. Center line. 3D Colors. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. 3D Wireframe. Axis. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. 3D spec. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Dress up: Hidden lines. Thread. edit annotation font properties. Choose your options. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Scale: the scale of the view.
It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. This option is used to rotate text elements (text.then select the Edit-> Properties command. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. Modify the available options. frame. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. 7. if needed. The associated panel is displayed. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Modify the available options. edit dimension text properties. if needed. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. In the Properties dialog box that appears. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. edit dimension value properties. In other words. or leader). The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. Grid: To define your grid. 105 . Select the Tools->Options command. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. The Options dialog box appears. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. click the Font tab. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields.
following it dynamically during the creation process. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. Select the Dimension tab in Options. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). the dimension is automatically re-computed. In addition. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . As a result. you can choose to visualize the view axis. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. View axis: When you activate a view. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. when you update the drawing. To activate this mode.
end points included. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Apply 3D specification. 107 . Project 3D points. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Automatic positioning after generation. either or not using SmartPick. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . If all of the detection options are unchecked. perpendicularity and tangency. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Select the Generation tab. Alignment. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Properties option. Generate centerlines. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. if a component is used two times within a product. Horizontality and verticality. Parallelism. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. then the balloon will be generated twice. Analysis after generation. Generate fillet. Filters before generation. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Hidden lines. View tab): Generate axis. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Select the Geometry tab. Allow automatic transfer between views. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Project 3D wireframe. Generate threads. the Create detected constraints option is not available. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. 3D colors inheritance.
Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. the sketch. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. scaling factor or frame to appear. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. the following dialog box appears. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. For this before callout creation check this option. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. As a result. you can define that you want or not the view name. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. This element is used as positioning reference. Constraint diagnostics. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. and only visualized by. Select the Layout tab. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. It is not used for creating solid primitives. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. f)Annotations 108 . This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution.
Select the Annotation tab. command. as you will choose to load the referenced document.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. Select the Edit->Links command. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. 7. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. or both. Press OK. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. press the shift key. Press OK. 109 . according to the orientation. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader.. Activate the settings. It is now possible to customize the settings.You can customize given options when creating annotations. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. In this particular case.. no matter what the view scale is. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked.
Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. if needed.2 Creating Views 110 . click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. 8.8. To modify these colors. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. View. Create Detected Constraints. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. True Length Dimension 8. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Snap to Point. Force Dimension on Element. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Create Constraints.
8. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. This is true for any kind of view. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Click the Drawing window. you can create: a top view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 .3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. modified in this dialog box. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. by double-clicking on this view. For example. In other words. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. double-click on this isometric view. A blue axis displays in a red frame. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. For this. dimensions. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. Click the New View icon . Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. Press OK. Right-click the view used as reference. In this case. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Press OK. In other words. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. The view plane can be defined and if needed. a left view and a right view. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. a bottom view. 8. From an active front view.
8. using the Action-Object mode. select an arc of a circle in the front view. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. and then transformed into the receiving view. circle. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. You will first add elements to an existing view. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. In this case.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. Select more elements to be projected. using the Action-Object mode. select a circle in the top view. the object to be projected. Add elements to an existing view. In this case. parabola. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. curve). 112 . You will then create an isometric view from scratch. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. Select. in another view. using the ObjectAction mode. if needed.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. At any time. hyperbola. ellipse.
Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Select the object defining the view to be created. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. using the Object-Action mode.Create an isometric view from scratch. select the whole front view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. 113 . Make the isometric view active (double-click). In this case.
In the Visualization and Behavior area. isometric views. a mode: measured or constraining mode. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. In the contextual menu. Select the view and right-click the view frame. 8. Click OK.6 Reframing a View In this task.8. as you want. etc. clipping views. You can reframe any type of view: front views. Click on the frame to select it. select the Visual Clipping check box. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. a distance constraint. If you want constraints to be created. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. The frame can only be rectangular. choose Properties.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. details views. a configuration. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. Click the View tab.
A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. but not between a mix of these. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. click in the drawing. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. 8. click a second element in the view. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. 8. On the Dimensioning toolbar. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. The software proposes you parallelism by default. In other words. If needed. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. The most logical constraint is automatically offered.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. Click a first element in the view. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. When creating dimensions on elements. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). you can preview the dimensions to be created. click the Dimensions icon. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. or between generated elements. 8. If you choose this constraint. you can create constraints either between 2D elements.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. you will learn how to create dimensions. In other words. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . these relations will be taken into account. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. you can only create constraints between similar elements.
Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Select a circle. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select the dimension. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions.e. Select the reference line. and then the second element. 116 . Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. 8. i. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. you can also access the Properties options. click the centerline.toolbar). Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. Red end points appear. 8.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Click to validate the dimension creation. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles.
Click the Drawing window. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. part-sketched. generated elements. The thread is created. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. from the (Tools toolbar). In the Pattern dialog box. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. The thread is created according to this reference. The axes and centerlines are created. Click the Drawing window. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. dotting or coloring). The axis line is created. Click the Drawing window. The Tap type option activated by default.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). . Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. Select the Reference Thread type option line. Click the Drawing window. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. In this particular case. Select two lines. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). part-generated elements. you will apply a thread to a hole.
select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Select Add a Breakpoint. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. which represents the fillet edge. The Area Detection dialog box appears. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. To modify the position of the arrow. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. The arrow is created. 118 . you can drag it to change the arrow path. The arrow and the selected object are associative. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. A contextual menu appears. Click the Drawing window. under the line. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. For the purpose of this exercise.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar.