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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
1. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. and are less expensive. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks.Generally. Moreover. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. For that we need level three: SM systems. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . and costs are generally lower. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. not just that of exterior. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. and flexibility. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. cost.
weight.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. DESIGN. so mass properties (volume.4 LAYOUTS. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. 1. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. rather than a part of engineering. outside. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. centre of gravity. By its nature. to be sure. 1. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. surface area. 1.systems to handle architectural problems. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. In this way. or on the surface of the object in question. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. 8 .
Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. With solid. To do this from the 3D. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. Without solids. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. automation of process planning is also impossible. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. but one that can be surmounted. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.1.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. Once created. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane.e. if you need for more complex sketches 2. or select a planar surface. 9 . it remains a challenge. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. and then select Edit. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. 2.
2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. in which you specify the reference plane.e. . 2. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Snap to Point If activated. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. i. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid.2. on some occasions. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. Construction elements 10 . the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained).
note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. and only visualized by. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. uses edges. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. These elements cannot be modified. 2. 11 . Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. These elements are used as positioning references. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). graphically speaking. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. As a result.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab).aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. the sketch. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements.
The constraints are in priority dimensional. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. Using SmartPick. two or three elements.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. using coordinates. at the intersection point of two curves. at the midpoint of a line.6 Creating Constraints 2. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. According to the various active options. whenever possible. any of the above cases possibly combined together. .Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). SmartPick will return information via symbols. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements.6. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. on a point. at the extremity point of a curve. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. all over a curve. the 2.
Parallelism or Perpendicular). the application displays it in green. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). 2. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. coincidence and tangency. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Select the profile to be constrained. This constraint can be created between either two elements. 13 . For editing. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. they are checked in the dialog box. by default. Horizontal. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. Angle. 2. Select a first element. 2. Select a second element.6. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact.6. Coincidence.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. You can either select the geometry or the command first.6. Fix. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. If constraints already exist. Once the profile is fully constrained. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained.constraints and to position this constraint as desired.
Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click to create the oriented rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically.2. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. 14 . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle.
g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click to create the parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. You are going to define the (i) circle center. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. two centers & two radii.
The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). By default. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. circle centers appear on the sketch. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. m) Creating an Arc 16 . Click three elements. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle.
o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. c) Through three points –start. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). center and apex. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. start point and end point. b) Through three points . Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. middle. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. Double-click the control point you wish to edit.It shows how to create an arc. s) Creating a Conic 17 . end. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. middle.start. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. end. Clicking another command ends the spline too. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. Double-click to end the spline. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). To create a Parabola click the focus. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. There are three possibilities. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. a) The arc center point. To create a hyperbola click the focus. and then the hyperbola two extremity points.
Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Click two points on the two existing lines.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. x) Creating an Axis 18 . a circle. if needed. in accordance with both points previously clicked. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. a parabola or a hyperbola. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. To edit. Click the line first point (first point). As a result. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. one after the other.
8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. In this task. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. of course you can create this point manually. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve.This task shows how to create an axis. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Select a second line (or an axis). 2. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Select a first line (or an axis).
This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Select the two lines. the first or none of the elements. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Length1/Angle. Create two intersecting lines. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Select the first line. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Length1/Length2. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The second line is also highlighted. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. You can create rounded corners between curves. Select the two lines. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. . Select the two curves. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Trim All / First / No element.
Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. a construction line or an axis. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. For example. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. These options are Rubber In. Select the line to be broken. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Create a three points arc. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. The line is now composed of two movable segments. a three point arc. Rubber out. 21 from the Sketch tools . Select one or more elements to be relimited. and Break. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The arc will now be closed.
Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Select or click the rotation center point. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. enter a precise value for the translation length. Multi-selection is not available. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Select the element(s) to be translated. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click a point to define an angle. In other words. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Here. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. The duplicate mode is activated by default. Enter the number of copies you need. multi-select the entire profile. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). De-activate the Duplicate mode. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Select the geometry to be rotated. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. if needed. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation.
The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. arc or circle. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. The intersection is yellow. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. Select the surface. The selected line is duplicated. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. by creating several offset instances. The line to be created appears. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). select it. If the line is not already selected. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. These projections are yellow. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). There are two possibilities.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. These 23 . Both lines are parallel. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). the line to be created appears immediately. Select the face of interest. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane.
Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. 2. The Options dialog box appears. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. In other words. 2.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. You can now sketch the required profile.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. and then click Sketcher. Graduations. Expand the Mechanical Design option. Primary spacing. The Sketcher tab appears. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. It indicates the overall 24 . containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. 2. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. in the Tools toolbar.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry.
The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. offers a highly productive. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. 3.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. This application. To open it. 25 . The New dialog box is displayed. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). c) specific toolbars.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach.3. which is fully integrated into Part Design. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. Actually. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. b) the geometry area. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. from simple to advance. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK.
2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . 26 . Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. 3. Between: Creating point between two other points.2. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. ellipse.2. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines.3. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Y. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. 3. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. . The Line Definition dialog box appears. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points.
In this section.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes.Regardless of the line type. and Remove Loft. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Loft. others in removing material. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. 3. Some operations consist in adding material. Shaft. The Plane Definition dialog box appears.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Rib. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Once you have defined the plane. it is represented by a red square symbol. 27 . Slot. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Click the Plane icon . Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Groove. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Pocket.2.
Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. For each of them. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. the application specifies the length of your pad. 28 . 3.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.Up to Last. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . You will notice that by default. Up to Surface.3. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. If you wish to define another length for this direction.3. Just click the More button and define the second limit. if you extrude a profile.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. By default. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Up to Plane.
Note 29 . To specify another direction. To define a specific depth. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Click the Pocket icon . uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. Double-click Pocket to edit it. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3. Select the profile to be extruded. set the Type parameter to Dimension. up to plane. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Optionally click Preview to see the result. The specification tree indicates this creation. Alternatively. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. up to last.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. By default. Click the Multi-Pocket icon .3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. using different length values.3. up to surface. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next.3. Click OK to create the pocket. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. 3. if you extrude a profile.
you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. Alternatively. For the purposes of our scenario. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. and click Preview to see the result. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. you do not have to select the axis. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. If needed.3. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Enter Thickness2 's value. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. The profile is previewed in dotted line. Once you have done your modifications. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. select LIM1 or 30 . For each of them. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. 3.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Material has been added to the other side of the profile.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. pockets and stiffeners. Select the open profile. Consequently. Click the Shaft icon . 3. The method described here is also valid for pockets. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. and click Preview to see the result.3. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. You need an open or closed profile. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. Enter Thickness1 's value. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.
the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The specification tree mentions it has been created. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Click OK to confirm. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. Click Preview to see the result. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. The shaft is created. Consequently. Click the Groove icon . Select the profile. For the purposes of our scenario. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). Click OK to confirm the 31 . These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. If needed. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis.3. you do not have to select the axis. 3. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. This task shows you how to create a groove. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select.
These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. By default.3. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.operation. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . you need a center curve. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. To define a thread.3. 3. 3. you can enter the values of your choice.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. 3. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. but you can use standard values. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. To define a rib.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm.3.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.
Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. To create Rib. Click OK. it can be discontinuous in tangency.3.11 Slot 33 . The specification tree mentions this creation. Select the profile you wish to sweep. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. To define this direction. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. The rib is created. New options are then available. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. 3.element or a pulling direction.2. The application now previews the rib to be created. It should be a closed profile. you can select a plane or an edge. Click the Rib icon . Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch.
Select the three section curves. the application computes a spine. you need a center curve. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Reference surface. The feature (identified as Loft. To define a slot. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. Vertices. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The resulting feature is a closed volume. Tangency then curvature.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. Tangency. It is closed. Select the profile. You can note that by default. Pulling direction. By default.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 3. Click the Loft icon . Click the Slot icon .3. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. 34 . The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. They are highlighted in the geometry area. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. Click OK to create the volume. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. a planar profile.
Click OK to create the lofted surface. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . 3. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie.3. By default. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The feature (identified as Loft. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. Select the profile to be extruded.3.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. . Click the Remove Loft icon . Select required sections & guide curves if needed.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.3.xxx) is added to the specification tree. If you need to use an open profile. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. the application computes a spine. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.
When filleting an edge. 3. Optionally click Preview to see the result. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. you can then trim the fillets to be created. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. Click the Edge Fillet icon .1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. CATIA displays the radius value. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. Check the Neutral Fiber option. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. If you set the Tangency mode.4. 36 . With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. Click OK. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. Select the edges. The stiffener is created. The specification tree indicates it has been created. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. depending on the radius value you specified. Conversely. Tangency. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available.
4. 3.4.5 Basic Draft 37 . You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. Select the faces to be filleted. Select the faces to be filleted. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. The faces are filleted.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The fillet will be tangent to this face. The specification tree indicates this creation. 3. Click OK. Select the face to be removed.4. 3. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.4. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Instead of entering a radius value. This creation is indicated in the specification tree.3. Click OK. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Click OK. the application chamfers its edges. Depending on the curve's shape.
This element will remain the same during the draft. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Parting element: this plane. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Click OK. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation.4.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. 3. If Keep Parting =Neutral.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.
The selected face becomes purple. To edit the other angle value. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Click OK to confirm. The reflect line is moved accordingly. You can add as many points as you wish. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. The feature is shelled.9 Thickness 39 .4.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . The Shell Definition dialog box appears. Click OK. Select face as the neutral element. indicating the default pulling direction. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. To add a point on the edge. Select the face to be drafted.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it.4. Select the face to be removed. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. 3.4. Select the face.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. click the Points field. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. 3. Click the Shell icon . Enter the Default inside thickness field. This line is used to support the drafted faces. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. 3.
The application previews the thread. but the thread (identified as Thread. You can also specify the direction by means of X. Click the Translate icon . The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Y.You can add or remove thickness to parts. The element (identified as Translate. Click OK.4.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Click OK to create the translated element. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Click OK to confirm. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Limit faces must be planar. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. pitch value. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. The part is thickened accordingly. 40 . Enter the thread depth.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Select the upper face as the limit face.xxx) is added to the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Check the Left-Threaded option. Click the Thickness icon . Click the Thread/Tap icon . 3. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. 3. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. This task shows you how to translate a body. Click Preview. Select the faces to thicken. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction.5. This creation appears in the specification tree. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Enter a positive value. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area.
The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. Select a point. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Click the Rotate icon . You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. Click the Mirror icon .4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry.5. 3. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The pads are mirrored. Enter a value for the rotation angle. The command applies to current bodies.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to confirm the operation. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree.3. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.5. The element is rotated. Click the Symmetry icon . 3. The new element (identified as Symmetry. 3.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click OK to create the rotated element. The element (identified as Rotate.5. Select an edge as the rotation axis. The specification tree mentions this creation. line or plane as reference element.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.5. The application previews the material to be created.
The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Click OK. Defining the spacing along the grid. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. These features accelerate the creation process. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction.5. Instances & Spacing. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. complete crown. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Spacing & Length. circular and user patterns. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Angular spacing & total angle. If needed. Select the feature you wish to copy. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. The feature "RectPattern. Now. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Let the Instances & Spacing option.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Patterns let you do so. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction.This is the resulting pattern. Instances & angular spacing. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. 42 . The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied.
Click the User Pattern icon . The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. One more ring of pads will be added. The specification tree indicates this creation.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify.6. These points are created in the Sketch.5.5. 3. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . To do so. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. click the Crown Definition tab. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. you can select an edge or a planar face. you are going to add a crown to your part. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Click the Scaling icon . Click OK. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis.6 Measuring 3. Select the body to be scaled. Click OK. Now. Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. The body is scaled. Select the reference point located on the body. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. To define a direction. 3. This axis will be normal to the face. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. Click Preview. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. The feature appears in the Object field. 3. The pad will be repeated seven times.
3. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). The Measure Item dialog box appears. edge or vertex. vertices and entire products) or between points.6. edges. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. 3. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. edges. Click the Measure Item icon. If exact values cannot be measured.6. surfaces. edge or vertex. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. By default. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. The Measure Between dialog box appears. or an entire product (selection 2). Click to select a surface. or an entire product (selection 1).). This command lets you choose the selection mode. Click the Measure Between icon. Click to select another surface. surfaces and entire products). the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. icon in the Definition box. edges. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. etc. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. Switch to Design Mode. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces.3 Measuring Inertia 44 .2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points.
The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. In addition to the center of gravity G. density and mass of the selected item. Material has been removed. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. Click OK. face or surface. indicating the splitting element. The area. Click the Measure Inertia icon.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. 45 . volume (volumes only). If the arrow points in the wrong direction. 3. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes.7 Surface-Based Features 3. density. geometry or assembly. you must select the desired sub-product. you can click it to reverse the direction.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The body is split. the dialog box also gives the area. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. The measure is made on the selection. Click the Split icon .7. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. Select the splitting surface. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity.
The surface is closed . Select the surface to be closed. Click OK. In the geometry area. Click the Close Surface icon . The surface is thickened. If you need to reverse the arrow. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click the Thick Surface icon . that is the extrude element. Select the object you wish to thicken.7. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click OK. just click it.7. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces.INITIAL 3. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. 46 . The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. INITIAL 3.
INITIAL FINAL 3. indicating the object to be sewn. Click OK.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body.7. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The surface is sewn onto the body. Click the Sew Surface icon . INITIAL FINAL 47 . An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. Some material has been removed. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.
You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. Removing Bodies. if you wish to combine them. It allows you to create complex geometry.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. By default. You will notice that Part Body and Body. This is your new Part Body.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. Trimming Bodies. It is underlined. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one.3. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. 3. INITIAL 48 . CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. Assembling Bodies. indicating that it is the active body.x" in the specification tree. To assemble them. The result is immediate. 3.x are autonomous. material has been added.8.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. During the operation. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Click the Insert Body icon. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body.8. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. Intersecting Bodies. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. Now. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . When your part includes several bodies. Click OK to confirm.
By default. Click the Add icon .FINAL 3. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.8.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body.
Part Body. Click OK.1 has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 50 . You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
3.. containing three categories of options: External References.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. 4. Update. command Click the Infrastructure category. then Display tab. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. Delete Operation . Select the Tools -> Options. Update.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. The Options dialog box is displayed. and their origins when you are editing these elements. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.9. The tab appears. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. you just need to use the Isolate command. Select the Tools -> Options command.. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree...Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. and Delete Operation. you often need to select other elements as inputs. Geometry. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. The General tab appears. When selecting a sketch as 54 . Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. External References. which means that if they are shared by other features.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. copied elements for example.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. Click the Infrastructure category. When creating a geometric element.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.This task shows you how to set general settings. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. they will not be deleted.
1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Click OK to create the planes. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. 4. The Planes Between dialog box appears. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. 4. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. in only one operation. Click the Planes Repetition icon . Define the number or points to be created (instances field).the input element. If you check the with end points option. some restrictions apply.3 Creating Polylines 55 . Select a curve or a Point on curve. 4. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . depending on the feature you are creating. the last and first instances are the curve end points.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes.
Click the Circle icon . The circle (identified as Circle. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Bitangent and radius . Center and point.Tritangent. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Select several points in a row to create a polyline.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Click the Polyline icon . Three points. 56 . The Circle Definition dialog box appears. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Enter all input as specified. 4. Two points and radius. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Enter a Radius value. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Bitangent and point . The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline.
The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Click the Spline icon . Remove the selected point.4. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. Add a point before the selected point. 57 .5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. You can select the Geometry on support check box. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. and select a support. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. Replace the selected point by another point.
The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click the Corner icon . such as coils and springs for example. Select two curves as reference element. Several solutions may be possible. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The reference elements must lie on this support. Select a starting point and an axis. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Click the Helix icon . Profile. Height. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Orientation.4.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. 4. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. 58 . Click OK to create the corner. Select the Support surface. Enter a Radius value. Taper Angle. The corner will be created between these two references. Click OK to create the helix. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Starting Angle. The helical curve (identified as Helix.
at which the spiral's first revolution starts. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Specify the Start radius value. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. that is the distance from the Center point. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. when the spiral is defined by an angle.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Tangency or Curvature. Click OK to create the connect curve. Click the Connect Curve icon .9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. along the Reference direction. 4. Click the Spiral icon .Define the spiral's Orientation. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve.4. that is a in 2D plane. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.
Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. passing points or tangents.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics.4. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. The projection may be normal or along a direction. 60 . Click OK to create the projection element. Select the element to be projected. Click the Projection icon . Select the Support element. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. You can select several elements to be projected. Click the Conic icon . The projection is added to the specification tree. 4. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. hyperbolas or ellipses.
This element (identified as Intersect. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Select the two elements to be intersected. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. A Contour. A Face. Click the Intersection icon .Fill in the conic curve parameters.) 4. Point.xxx) is added to the specification tree. etc. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. lines. The intersection is displayed. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. Click OK to create the intersection element. Avoid using input elements.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. 61 .
The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. Click the Extrude icon .1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. 62 . You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction.13. 4. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Geometry with no history is called a datum.4. lofting and sweeping. Click OK to create the surface.
Click the Revolve icon . 4.4. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. and angular limits. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation.13. Click OK to create the surface.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere.13. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. The spherical surface is based on a center point.
Click Apply to previews the offset surface. along 64 . Click Apply to preview the surface. Click the Offset icon . one on each side of the reference surface. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.13. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. 4. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Select the center point of the sphere.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. 4. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account.dialog box is displayed.13. Click OK to create the surfaces. Select the surface to be offset. Click OK to create the surface. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required.
This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. select a Spine. select a Second Guide. Click the Explicit profile icon. Select a Guide curve. In the Smooth sweeping section. 65 . You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. Click the Sweep icon . you can select a reference Surface. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. With tangency surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. If needed. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. The surface (identified as Sweep. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. Click the Line profile icon. Click the Sweep icon . If needed. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. With draft direction. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine.xxx) is added to the specification tree. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. With reference surface. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Circle icon. If no spine is selected. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click the Sweep icon . With reference curve. Limit and middle. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. The five possible cases are Two limits.
xxx) is added to the specification tree.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. The surface (identified as Sweep. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. If not. the results may be inconsistent. Click the Loft icon . a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Click the Sweep icon . Select guide curves. Click the Fill icon . Replace the selected element by another curve. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Remove the selected element. hyperbolas or ellipses. Click OK to create the fill surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Conic icon. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. such as parabolas. Three guides. If 66 . The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Select one or two section curves. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. Four guides. Two guides. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.13.13.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. and enter a radius value. Select a passing point. 4. 4. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. The surface (identified as Sweep. Five guides.
The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. depending on the section configuration: Ratio.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the element to be split. 4. Select the cutting element. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. translating and rotating. select one or more guide curves.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. Several coupling types are available. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. 4. Vertices. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. only on the End section. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Tangency. and so forth. Tangency then curvature. Start extremity. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. You can select several cutting elements. Click the Split icon . 4. In the Spine tab page.14. Click the Blend icon . then the second curve and its support.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. In that case. taking a number of constraints into account. that is a surface between two wireframe elements.needed. or on none. on both. continuity. The surface (identified as Blend. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. None. End extremity. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Click OK. such as tension. Set the tension type using the Tension tab.13. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. Successively select the first curve and its support. A preview of the split appears. 67 . It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section.
You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. A preview of the trimmed element appears. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. In that case it appears as a separate Split. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. 4. Click OK to split the element. 68 .2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.14. Click the Trim icon . The Trim Definition dialog box appears.xxx element in the specification tree.
solids. or Tangent continuity.14. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. points. The selected element is highlighted.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements.). 69 . Click the Extract icon . 4. Click OK to extract the element. No propagation.4. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. without deleting the initial element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. a point on the curve for example. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. and so forth.14. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. Select an edge or the face of an element.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. Click OK to create the boundary curve. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. The extracted element (identified as Extract. Select a Surface edge. Click the Boundary icon .
7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Click OK to create the rotated element. Click OK.14. 4. line or plane as reference element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select a point. Click the Affinity icon . Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.4. Click OK to create the translated element. point. Click the Symmetry icon . Click the Scaling icon . Select the Vector Definition. Click the Translate icon . Select the element to be transformed by scaling. Select the scaling reference point. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 .5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. plane or planar surface. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be rotated. 4.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select the element to be transformed by affinity.14. line or surface element. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Rotate icon . Click OK to create the scaled element. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. 4.14.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. or more.14.14. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. 4. Select the element to be translated. The element (identified as Translate . Select a line as the rotation axis.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator.
Z values. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Sub-Elements To Remove. The Join Definition dialog box appears.14. Other options available are Simplify the result. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Ignore erroneous elements. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Click the Join icon. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. 4. Y. 71 . Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Merging distance.14. Angle Tolerance. Select the surface to be Extrapolated.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Click the Extrapolate icon . federation. Click OK to create the affinity element. Select a surface Boundary. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. 4.operation. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane.
Select the surface which limits should be restored. you can retain sharp edges. From the Parameters tab. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Provided the Tangent mode is active. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. Click OK to create the healed surfaces.4.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces.14.14. A progression bar is displayed. You can also set the Distance objective. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. while the surface is restored. The surface (identified as Heal. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. Click OK in the dialog box. Select the surfaces to be healed. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. 72 . Select the surface which limits should be restored. and selecting one or more edges. 4.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. by clicking the Sharpness tab.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Healing icon. The Untrim dialog box is displayed.
and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. while the surface is being disassembled. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. Click the Curve Smooth icon . Click OK in the dialog box. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. A progression bar is displayed. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. To update the part. A progression bar indicates the . curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). the application provides two update modes: automatic update.14. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements.14. 73 . Select the element to be disassembled. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. i. that is to say independent elements are created. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. To warn you that an update is needed. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. 4.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. To update a part.e. Select the curve to be smoothed. fill the gaps. and type of discontinuity (point. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. The selected element is disassembled. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. manual update.4. A resulting element can be made of several cells. that can be manipulated independently.
4. in the specification tree. CATIA displays this new Open_body. indicating that it is the active open body. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. 4. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. In the specification tree. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. It is underlined. This involves. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. inserting open body entities. The Change Body dialog box appears. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. removing open body entities and changing body. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes.x. The result is immediate.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. Select the new body where the open body is to be located.4. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . select the branch of your choice.
The point (identified as Extremum. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified.command. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. a surface. or becomes visible. Select a curve. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. if it was visible. 5. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. The open body or it’s content is hidden. if it was hidden. Set the correct options: Max. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. Click OK. Min. Click the Extremum icon . 5. or a pad.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . according to given directions. when combined with other products such as Part Design. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. 5.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and.xxx) is added to the specification tree. edges or faces).
in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Max radius. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Min angle. Click OK to create the extremum point. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Click OK. Depending on the selected computation type. is added to the specification tree.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Successively select planes. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Click Preview. or filleted surfaces. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. 76 . 5. Click the Polar Extremum icon . You can also select a start point. This task shows how to create a spine. on a planar contour. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Click Preview. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Max angle. The spine is displayed. lofted. the results can be: Min radius. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. a point in this case. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created.xxx). Click OK to create the spine. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves.
Click the Reflect Lines icon . that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. The combine (identified as Combine. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. 5. Select the reference Curve to be offset. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Click the Combine icon . Successively select the two curves to be combined. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. whether closed or open. Click OK to create the element. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. select the support surface and a direction.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines.5. Key in an angle.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves.
Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. When designing the profile to be swept. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Select the Guiding curve. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. Assembly Design 78 . Select the Tools -> Options command. Select points on guide to add other sections. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created.5. Click OK to create the swept surface. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. 5.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. 6. The Options dialog box is displayed. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. The Reference surface is optional. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. The General tab displays.
indicating the building block of the assembly to be created.3 Inserting a New Part icon. you need products.2 Inserting a Components 6. To create an assembly. 6.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.1) is created in the . The Assembly Design workbench is opened.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch.2. The structure of your assembly now 79 . The Product2 (Product2. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. 6.2. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.2. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. You can use parts to create products. 6. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. 6. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. In the specification tree. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. In the specification tree.1). The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts.
The application previews the location of the new components. In the specification tree. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. 6. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. If geometry exists in the assembly. 6. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. Select the component you wish to instantiate. on another component for example. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. To define the direction of creation. you should keep in mind the 80 . The result is immediate. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. check x-axis. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. The operation is very simple. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. 6. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon .4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. Select the component you wish to instantiate.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Click OK to create the components. However. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component.
5.5. Green graphic symbols are 81 . Double-clicking activates it. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Click the Contact Constraint icon . Select the second face to be constrained. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. you may obtain concentricity. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . As the contact constraint is created. 6. opposite. Select the face to be constrained.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Depending on the selected elements. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. coaxiality or coplanarity. Same. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. indicating orientations.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. 6. The selected component is orange framed (default color). The components involved and their status are indicated. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component.
Keep the Angle option.5. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. which means setting an absolute position. Click OK to create the offset constraint. 6. click More to expand the dialog box. 6.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. The constraint is created. that is the light blue . The components involved and their status are indicated. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. you will have to define an angle value. which means setting a relative position. 6.5.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". In the dialog box that appears.5. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. Select the faces to be constrained. This operation is referred to as "Fix". Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). By fixing its position according to other components. Select the faces to be constrained. This constraint is added to the specification tree. Click the Offset Constraint icon . Click the Angle Constraint icon . Click OK to create the angle component.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. Select the component to be fixed. When setting an angle constraint. 82 . A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Note that four sectors are available: constraint.
6. 6. The first constraint in the list can now be set. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. displaying the list of selected components. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . 6. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry.5. not necessarily in the active component. Click OK to validate the operation. You can select as many components as you wish. displays all possible constraints. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. In the Name field. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. You can select any constraints.5. Select the new type of constraint. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. Select the two entities to be constrained.5. Angle and Parallelism.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. The components are attached to each other. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. The Change Type dialog box that appears. Click OK to confirm. Click the Fix Together icon . The Fix Together dialog box appears. Select the constraint to be changed.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. 83 . Coincidence. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Moving one of them moves the other one too. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. but they must belong to the active component. Click OK. Offset. Move the fixed component. Click the Change Constraint icon .
Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. Click the Update icon whole assembly. create a new instance. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. To do so.6. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. The constraint is deactivated. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on.5. 6. The constraints are in black. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Select the Tools -> Options command.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. Using no associativity: the option is off. cut & paste the original component.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. Select any activated constraint. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. The default color is black. indicating they need an update. The assembly is updated. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. 6. 84 . to update the indicating the name of the pattern. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options.
An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. y or z-axis as well as in the xy.Click OK to repeat the second component. 85 . 6. Depending on the selected elements. You can rotate your component around the x. You can move your component along the x.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. y or z-axis.8 Moving Components 6. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations.8.xx" is displayed in the tree. you will obtain different results. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. The third row is reserved for rotations. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. yz and xz planes. If you use the option "generated constraints".1" is displayed below this entity. 6.8. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. "Reused Rectangular Pattern.
You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face.8. Z. 6. 6. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. The point is projected onto the plane.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. Both lines become collinear. showing the generated section.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. The plane passes through the line. move and rotate the section plane. it creates constraints. 86 . The point is projected onto the line. The section plane is automatically created. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. Optionally. reference plane or cylinder axis). also appears. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The line is projected onto the plane. Click the Sectioning icon. invert the normal vector of the plane. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. A Preview window. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. edge.
Hole. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. double-click 'Assembly Split. The different assembly features you can create are: Split.6. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. click them to reverse the direction. Add. The active product at least must include two components. keep in mind the following. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. graphical attributes. Click OK to confirm. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. To edit an assembly split. 6. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. Pocket. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. the graphical attributes of the components. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. show-no show. Click the Create Scene icon . Within a scene. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Click Ok to end the scene creation. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features.10. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. For instance modify: viewpoint. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. Perform the required modifications.X' in assembly features available in history tree. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts".11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. Perform a Symmetry. Remove. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. which in turn must contain one part at least. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. 6.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split.
When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. 6. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Click Apply to perform the operation. Keep it. 3D is the default type. Selection against all. Click Apply to check for interferences. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Set the explode type. Keep All levels set by default.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. The Explode dialog box is displayed. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. if necessary. Click the Explode icon . The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. 6. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Between two selections. Inside one selection. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon.they were in the initial product. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. 88 . Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Clearance + Contact + Clash. keep the selection as it is.
1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. 89 . In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. Click the Mechanical Design category.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Quick Constraint. Constraint Creation.. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Click the Mechanical Design category. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Select Tools -> Options. Access to geometry. containing three categories of options: External References.14. Move components. displaying the following options: Update. Click the Infrastructure category. command. The General tab appears.14. Update and Delete Operation 6.14.6. then the Assembly Design subcategory. The General tab appears.. 6.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options.
Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. from the menu bar.. 7.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. You may also add. . modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. 7.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. as well as information on the drawing standards. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.7.. interactive or generated views. Click OK. Select the 90 . A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. Select the Drafting workbench.
or the A0 ISO format. Select the 1:1 scale. If you click this view. and click OK. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. until you click at the desired view location. 7. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. The non-active views are framed in blue. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar.Drawing workbench. Even though you then delete sheet1. The new sheet automatically appears.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. When you create a view. the view to be created is framed in green. Select the orientation type.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). and then click OK. select the ISO standard. 7. The active view is framed in red. 91 . What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. From the New Drawing dialog box. the sheets newly created will keep the same name.
is detected. You can perform an update. Select object. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. a previewed projection 92 . Blue arrows appear. relatively to the front view previously generated. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). before the generated view(s) is/are updated. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. You can update all views or a selection of views. Any modification applied to the specifications. Click on sheet to place front view. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. 7. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. Click the Drawing window.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box.Start creating the front view. As you move the cursor. Right-click the frame of the view. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. respectively. 7.
Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). at any time. This auxiliary view. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. 7. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar).view in a green frame appears on the sheet. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. you can. Click to position the auxiliary view. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. completely describes the object. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Click to position the callout. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. for example the right view position. 7. Click the Drawing window. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Click an edge on the view. together with the top view. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. 93 . use Undo or Redo icons. In sectioning through irregular objects.
if you create a detail view using a sketched profile.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Or. Click the Drawing window. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). Click the Drawing window. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. In this particular case. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. 7. Click to generate the detail view. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Click the Drawing window. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. You can modify this scale.7. Click to generate the view. you will select the Clipping 94 . Double click to end the cutting profile creation. Click the callout center. 7.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. and click the Aligned Section Cut . the dialog is exactly the same. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). you will click the Detail View Profile icon .9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane.
Click the 3D part. the left. the right. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. the top. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. 7. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). Red zones appear. 7. If needed.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. A breakout view is often a partial section. 7. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Click the Drawing window. translate the profile. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click on the sheet. as well as blue manipulators appear. Click the Drawing window.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. Double-click to end 95 . Click the first point of the breakout profile.Profile View icon .
Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. 7. or all views in the drawing. Click to position the left view. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Click the Drawing window. From the contextual menu. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. select Selected objects -> isolate. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Click next add any other view if required. the Top view. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Left view and Right view). Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Select the CATPart document. 7. At creation.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. 7. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Once you are satisfied. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more).the profile creation and automatically close this profile. and right-click them.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Bottom view. views are by default linked to the parent view. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. 7.18 Scaling a View 96 .
20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. In this case. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. This view is now active. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. In this particular case. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. Click OK. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. if you are in the background view. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. right-click the detail view. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. double-click the front view. 7. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. For modifying the detail and section callout. or parts list. section views and section cuts. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. 97 . Before positioning the Bill of Material. 7. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. This Bill of Material. Balloons generated 7.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon .21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. you can pre-define the position. The detail view is updated. go to Product Structure workbench. If needed.
radius. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. For example. diameter Angle. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. 3. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. only sketched constraints are generated. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. 7. On the view for which the dimension are generated. Then click OK in this Pattern table. Right-click the pattern to be modified.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. distance The dimensions below: 98 . Double-click the callout to be modified. 4. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. On the view with a bigger scale.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. the section view is automatically updated. distance. 2. 7. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. On views including more dimensions. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching.
Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. angle. 7. there is only one) is automatically displayed. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Dimensions 99 . to start the dimension generation. dimensions are generated on all the views.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. In the case of drawings with several views.23. radius and diameter. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. by default. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).23. length.
The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. if needed. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. not generated. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point).Click the Not Generated option . If you select an element.24 Creating a Datum Feature . You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. If you select a point in the free space. The datum feature is created. no leader will be created. Enter the desired character string. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. the anchor point will be a small balloon. 7. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. The geometrical tolerance is created. 100 . on the contrary. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Click OK when you're done. dimension. If you select a dimension or a text. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Select an element (geometry. Click OK. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). the anchor point will be an arrow. This task will show you how to create a datum feature.
Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. 101 . balloon and datum target. A red frame appears. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances.26. dimension text. justification. Set the properties of a text.26.26 Annotations 7. size.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. Text properties can be applied to text. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. such as font style. 7.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. Choose View -> Toolbars. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. If needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location.7. text with leader. etc. and select Text Properties.
You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. 102 . Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar).5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Click OK.26. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. You can enter another string or value as needed. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. If needed.7. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar.26. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. 7. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Ra=1. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. On this CATProduct document. Enter values in the desired field(s). For example. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). Go over one of the part with your cursor.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Select an element.26.6. Open any CATProduct document. Click OK. 7.
you can add text. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. If needed. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click ok to validate the creation. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar.7. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.27 Editing Properties 103 . modify the geometry-welding symbol. You can also split a table. invert lines.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. import a table. rows.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. 7. Click OK. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. 7. The welding leader will appear. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. and insert a view in a table.26.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). 7. and insert views. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. If needed. invert columns. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. Click the icon to launch the command. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Click OK. The welding symbol is created. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols.26. In this table. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Select the two elements. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. insert columns. switch lines and columns. and then click to validate.26. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. merges cells. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table.
a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Click OK. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Choose the View tab. Among other things. no more modification allowed in the view. 3D Colors. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Scale: the scale of the view. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). if needed. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. if needed. 3D Points. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. you can create a formula for the view name. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Axis. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Choose your options. Click the Graphic Tab. Fillets. Thread. dress-up elements. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. 3D spec. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. 3D Wireframe. Lock view: if you check this option. Dress up: Hidden lines. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Lines and Curves option. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. edit annotation font properties. Center line.
Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. frame. In the Properties dialog box that appears. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. 105 . if needed. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. click the Font tab. edit dimension value properties. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. In other words. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. or leader).28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Modify the available options. Select the Tools->Options command. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The associated panel is displayed. if needed. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. Grid: To define your grid. The Options dialog box appears.then select the Edit-> Properties command. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. Modify the available options. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. 7. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. edit dimension text properties. This option is used to rotate text elements (text.
the dimension is automatically re-computed. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. Select the Dimension tab in Options.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. To activate this mode. As a result. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. View axis: When you activate a view. following it dynamically during the creation process. In addition. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. when you update the drawing. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor.
If all of the detection options are unchecked. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. if a component is used two times within a product. 3D colors inheritance. Properties option. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. 107 . d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Generate threads. Select the Generation tab. Analysis after generation. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Generate centerlines. Alignment. Parallelism. Apply 3D specification. Automatic positioning after generation. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. View tab): Generate axis. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Hidden lines. Project 3D wireframe. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Allow automatic transfer between views. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. then the balloon will be generated twice. Project 3D points. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Select the Geometry tab. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Horizontality and verticality. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Filters before generation. end points included. Generate fillet. perpendicularity and tangency. or still adding constraints to this geometry. either or not using SmartPick. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views.
and only visualized by. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. scaling factor or frame to appear. Select the Layout tab. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. For this before callout creation check this option. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. f)Annotations 108 . It is not used for creating solid primitives. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. As a result. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. This element is used as positioning reference. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. the following dialog box appears. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Constraint diagnostics. you can define that you want or not the view name. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. the sketch.
or both. according to the orientation. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart.. In this particular case. 7.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. It is now possible to customize the settings. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. 109 . Activate the settings. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document.You can customize given options when creating annotations. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. command. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document.. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. no matter what the view scale is. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Select the Annotation tab. Press OK. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. press the shift key. as you will choose to load the referenced document. Press OK. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Select the Edit->Links command.
Create Constraints. To modify these colors. Snap to Point. Then check Activate analysis display mode and.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types.8. True Length Dimension 8. Force Dimension on Element.2 Creating Views 110 . Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. if needed. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Create Detected Constraints. View. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. 8. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid.
The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. In other words. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. Click the New View icon . Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). 8. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. a left view and a right view. double-click on this isometric view. Click the Drawing window. dimensions. modified in this dialog box. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Press OK. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. In other words. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. This is true for any kind of view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Any created view lies on a 3D plane.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. In this case. For this. 8. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. For example. Right-click the view used as reference. From an active front view. you can create: a top view. Press OK. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. A blue axis displays in a red frame. a bottom view. by double-clicking on this view.
geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. select a circle in the top view. Select. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. curve). 8. 112 . You will first add elements to an existing view. Select more elements to be projected. circle. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. select an arc of a circle in the front view. hyperbola. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. At any time. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. using the ObjectAction mode. in another view. using the Action-Object mode. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. Add elements to an existing view. ellipse. using the Action-Object mode. In this case. In this case. and then transformed into the receiving view. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. parabola. the object to be projected. if needed.
Make the isometric view active (double-click). select the whole front view. Select the object defining the view to be created. In this case. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view.Create an isometric view from scratch. 113 . Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. using the Object-Action mode.
details views. etc. choose Properties. select the Visual Clipping check box. a mode: measured or constraining mode. In the contextual menu. isometric views. You can reframe any type of view: front views.8. Click the View tab. a configuration.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. If you want constraints to be created. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. Click on the frame to select it. a distance constraint. The frame can only be rectangular.6 Reframing a View In this task. as you want. Select the view and right-click the view frame. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. In the Visualization and Behavior area. clipping views. Click OK. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. 8.
Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. 8. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. In the Constraint Definition dialog box.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. these relations will be taken into account. you can preview the dimensions to be created. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). you can only create constraints between similar elements. 8. you will learn how to create dimensions. When creating dimensions on elements. or between generated elements. click in the drawing. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. but not between a mix of these. If you choose this constraint. 8. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. Click a first element in the view. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. On the Dimensioning toolbar. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . In other words. click the Dimensions icon. The software proposes you parallelism by default. In other words. click a second element in the view.10 Creating Dimensions In this task.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. If needed. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu.
Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. i. 116 . You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Click to validate the dimension creation. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. If you right-click the dimension before creation.e. Select a circle. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. click the centerline. 8. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. you can also access the Properties options. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. 8. and then the second element. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Select the dimension. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. Select the reference line. Red end points appear. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position.toolbar).12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements.
Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. In the Pattern dialog box. from the (Tools toolbar). Click the Drawing window. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. The axes and centerlines are created. The Tap type option activated by default. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). The thread is created. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. part-generated elements. . generated elements. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. The axis line is created. Click the Drawing window. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. Select the Reference Thread type option line. Select two lines. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. dotting or coloring). The thread is created according to this reference. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Click the Drawing window. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . In this particular case. Click the Drawing window. part-sketched. you will apply a thread to a hole.
Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. A contextual menu appears. Click the Drawing window. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. For the purpose of this exercise. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. To modify the position of the arrow. under the line. which represents the fillet edge. The Area Detection dialog box appears. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Select Add a Breakpoint. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. 118 . The arrow and the selected object are associative. The arrow is created. you can drag it to change the arrow path.