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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
Moreover. and costs are generally lower. cost. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. 1. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. and flexibility. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. For that we need level three: SM systems. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. and the results can be used to build a real prototype.Generally. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. and are less expensive. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. not just that of exterior. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory.
rather than a part of engineering. to be sure. DESIGN. or on the surface of the object in question. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. so mass properties (volume. 1. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. 1. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. outside. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. By its nature. 1. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified.systems to handle architectural problems. surface area.4 LAYOUTS. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. In this way. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. centre of gravity. 8 . the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. weight.
1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. if you need for more complex sketches 2. 2. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Once created. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. 9 . Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces.e. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. but one that can be surmounted. or select a planar surface. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. With solid.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. Without solids. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. To do this from the 3D. automation of process planning is also impossible. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. and then select Edit. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. which are not associative with the 3D geometry).1. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. it remains a challenge. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar.
Snap to Point If activated. . Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.e.2. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. 2. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. Construction elements 10 . When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. i. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. on some occasions. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . in which you specify the reference plane.
These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). graphically speaking. These elements cannot be modified. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. As a result. 2. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab).aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. 11 . the sketch. uses edges. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. These elements are used as positioning references. and only visualized by.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element.
According to the various active options. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. at the intersection point of two curves. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. the 2. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid.6. two or three elements. any of the above cases possibly combined together. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. The constraints are in priority dimensional. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. at the midpoint of a line. SmartPick will return information via symbols. all over a curve. on a point. at the extremity point of a curve. whenever possible. .6 Creating Constraints 2. using coordinates.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). Using SmartPick.
Select a first element. For editing. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Select a second element.6. 2. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Fix. by default. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. Coincidence.6. This constraint can be created between either two elements. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. Angle. the application displays it in green.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Click OK to constrain the sketch. double-click the constraint you wish to edit.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Select the profile to be constrained. Horizontal. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance.6. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. coincidence and tangency.constraints and to position this constraint as desired.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Parallelism or Perpendicular). 2. they are checked in the dialog box. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. 2. 13 . Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. If constraints already exist. You can either select the geometry or the command first. Once the profile is fully constrained. These constraints are in priority: concentricity.
Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click to create the oriented rectangle.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. 14 . If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button.2. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.
Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. two centers & two radii. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click to create the parallelogram.
Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. Click three elements. m) Creating an Arc 16 . When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). By default. circle centers appear on the sketch.
Double-click to end the spline. middle. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. end. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline.It shows how to create an arc. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. start point and end point. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. c) Through three points –start. center and apex. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. end. To create a hyperbola click the focus. and then the hyperbola two extremity points.start. b) Through three points . There are three possibilities. a) The arc center point. middle. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). Clicking another command ends the spline too. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). s) Creating a Conic 17 . major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. To create a Parabola click the focus.
To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. a circle. Click two points on the two existing lines. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). a parabola or a hyperbola. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). in accordance with both points previously clicked. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. one after the other. x) Creating an Axis 18 . if needed. To edit. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. As a result. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. you will create one of the following: an ellipse.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. Click the line first point (first point).
You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. of course you can create this point manually. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. In this task. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Select a first line (or an axis). we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but.This task shows how to create an axis. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Select a second line (or an axis).8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . 2. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.
The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Select the first line. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Select the two lines. You can create rounded corners between curves. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Length1/Length2. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Select the two lines. the first or none of the elements. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Select the two curves. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Create two intersecting lines. Length1/Angle. The second line is also highlighted. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. . Trim All / First / No element. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation.
Rubber out. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. For example. The arc will now be closed. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. These options are Rubber In. 21 from the Sketch tools . The complementary arc appears for selected arc. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. Select the line to be broken. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. a three point arc. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. a construction line or an axis. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. The line is now composed of two movable segments. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). and Break.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Select one or more elements to be relimited. Create a three points arc.
Enter the number of copies you need. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Here. Select or click a point to define an angle. multi-select the entire profile. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. if needed. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Select or click the rotation center point. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. enter a precise value for the translation length. In the Translation Definition dialog box.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Select the element(s) to be translated. Multi-selection is not available. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . The duplicate mode is activated by default. Select the geometry to be rotated. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. In other words. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation.
The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. These 23 . The intersection is yellow. arc or circle. The line to be created appears. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. If the line is not already selected.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. the line to be created appears immediately. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. The selected line is duplicated. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). select it. Both lines are parallel. Select the surface. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select the face of interest. There are two possibilities. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). by creating several offset instances. These projections are yellow. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar).
Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. In other words. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. 2. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. in the Tools toolbar. The Options dialog box appears. Graduations. Primary spacing. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. 2. You can now sketch the required profile. It indicates the overall 24 . and then click Sketcher. 2. The Sketcher tab appears. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. Expand the Mechanical Design option.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry.
The New dialog box is displayed. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. To open it.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. which is fully integrated into Part Design. 3. c) specific toolbars. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. 25 .1 Opening a New CATPart Document. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench.3. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. Actually. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. offers a highly productive. from simple to advance. This application. b) the geometry area. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.
Use the combo to choose the desired point type.2. 3. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . 26 . .2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. 3. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve.3. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Between: Creating point between two other points. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Y. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points.2. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. The Line Definition dialog box appears. ellipse. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection.
Loft. In this section. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Click the Plane icon . 3. Rib. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Pocket. 27 . The Plane Definition dialog box appears. others in removing material. Groove. it is represented by a red square symbol. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Once you have defined the plane. and Remove Loft. Some operations consist in adding material. which you can move using the graphic manipulator.Regardless of the line type. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Shaft. Slot.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes.2.
Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. For each of them. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. If you wish to define another length for this direction. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Just click the More button and define the second limit. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green.3. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. if you extrude a profile.3. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.Up to Last. 3. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . Up to Plane.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. You will notice that by default. By default. the application specifies the length of your pad. Up to Surface. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button.3. 28 . You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators.
The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Double-click Pocket to edit it. using different length values. if you extrude a profile. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. Select the profile to be extruded. To define a specific depth. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. To specify another direction. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this.3. By default. The specification tree indicates this creation. up to surface.3. 3. up to last. set the Type parameter to Dimension. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. Click the Pocket icon . Click OK to create the pocket.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Note 29 . Alternatively. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. up to plane. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time.
A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. Consequently. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. pockets and stiffeners. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. Alternatively. 3. For the purposes of our scenario. Once you have done your modifications. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. Enter Thickness2 's value. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. If needed. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. Select the open profile. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. and click Preview to see the result. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. select LIM1 or 30 . 3. Click the Shaft icon .3. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". You need an open or closed profile. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. For each of them.3. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. The method described here is also valid for pockets. The profile is previewed in dotted line. and click Preview to see the result.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. Enter Thickness1 's value. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. you do not have to select the axis. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green.
Click Preview to see the result. If needed. Click the Groove icon . The shaft is created. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. you do not have to select the axis.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. 3. Click OK to confirm the 31 . Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. Consequently. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Click OK to confirm. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. This task shows you how to create a groove. The specification tree mentions it has been created.3. For the purposes of our scenario. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. Select the profile. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line).LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice.
CATIA removes material around the cylinder. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm.3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. 3.3. To define a rib. you need a center curve. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . you can enter the values of your choice. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. By default. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created.operation. 3.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. but you can use standard values. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. To define a thread.3. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. 3. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole.
Click OK. you can select a plane or an edge. Select the profile you wish to sweep. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve.2. To define this direction. The specification tree mentions this creation. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. To create Rib. The application now previews the rib to be created.3. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. It should be a closed profile.11 Slot 33 . Click the Rib icon . 3. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. New options are then available. it can be discontinuous in tangency.element or a pulling direction. The rib is created. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction.
Vertices. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. Click the Slot icon . The resulting feature is a closed volume.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. They are highlighted in the geometry area. Select the three section curves. Click OK to create the volume. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. The feature (identified as Loft. Tangency. 34 .12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. By default. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Select the profile. Reference surface. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. the application computes a spine. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Tangency then curvature. It is closed. you need a center curve. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Pulling direction.3. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. a planar profile. You can note that by default. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Click the Loft icon . Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. 3. To define a slot.
the application computes a spine. By default. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.3. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie.3. 3. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. Select required sections & guide curves if needed.xxx) is added to the specification tree.3. If you need to use an open profile. . Click the Remove Loft icon . The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. Select the profile to be extruded.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Click OK to create the lofted surface. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The feature (identified as Loft.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.
The stiffener is created. CATIA displays the radius value. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. 3. Tangency. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. depending on the radius value you specified. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. 36 . If you set the Tangency mode. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Click OK. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. When filleting an edge.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. Select the edges. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. Conversely. The specification tree indicates it has been created.4. you can then trim the fillets to be created. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. Click the Edge Fillet icon .From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. Check the Neutral Fiber option. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile.
4.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. 3.3.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. Select the faces to be filleted. Select the faces to be filleted.4. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.4. the application chamfers its edges.4. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. Instead of entering a radius value. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. The fillet will be tangent to this face. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Click OK. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Click OK. 3. Depending on the curve's shape. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. The specification tree indicates this creation. Select the face to be removed. The faces are filleted. 3. Click OK. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.5 Basic Draft 37 . You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.
Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Click OK. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. Parting element: this plane. This element will remain the same during the draft. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. If Keep Parting =Neutral.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction.4. 3. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. Material has been removed & the face is drafted.
9 Thickness 39 . You can add as many points as you wish. Enter the Default inside thickness field. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. 3. The Shell Definition dialog box appears.4. Select face as the neutral element. click the Points field. The feature is shelled. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like.4. 3. To edit the other angle value. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . Select the face to be removed. The selected face becomes purple. Select the face. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. The reflect line is moved accordingly. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. indicating the default pulling direction. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. Click the Shell icon . Click OK. Select the face to be drafted. To add a point on the edge. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon .7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. 3.4. Click OK to confirm.
Click the Translate icon . Check the Left-Threaded option.5. Enter a positive value. The part is thickened accordingly. Enter the thread depth.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Click the Thickness icon . Y. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. The element (identified as Translate. Select the upper face as the limit face. This task shows you how to translate a body. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Select the faces to thicken. Click OK to confirm. Click the Thread/Tap icon . Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. pitch value.4.You can add or remove thickness to parts. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Click OK. Click OK to create the translated element. 40 . You can also specify the direction by means of X. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. 3. Click Preview. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Limit faces must be planar. The application previews the thread. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. This creation appears in the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 3.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. but the thread (identified as Thread.
You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The pads are mirrored. Click the Rotate icon . The new element (identified as Symmetry.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The element (identified as Rotate. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.5. Click OK to confirm the operation. 3. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. The command applies to current bodies. Enter a value for the rotation angle. 3. 3. Click OK to create the rotated element. line or plane as reference element.5. Select a point.3. The specification tree mentions this creation.5. The element is rotated. The application previews the material to be created.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click the Mirror icon . Select an edge as the rotation axis. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. Click the Symmetry icon . The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.
Spacing & Length. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon .6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. circular and user patterns. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. An arrow is displayed on the pad.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Select the feature you wish to copy.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. The feature "RectPattern. complete crown. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Patterns let you do so. Now. Instances & Spacing.5. If needed. These features accelerate the creation process. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Let the Instances & Spacing option. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction.This is the resulting pattern. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Angular spacing & total angle. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Instances & angular spacing. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Click OK. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. 42 . The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Defining the spacing along the grid.
The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. One more ring of pads will be added.6. Select the reference point located on the body. Select the body to be scaled. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. 3. To define a direction. click the Crown Definition tab. Click the Scaling icon . The pad will be repeated seven times. 3. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . you can select an edge or a planar face. The body is scaled. you are going to add a crown to your part.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. 3. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. The feature appears in the Object field. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Click Preview. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. These points are created in the Sketch. Click OK. To do so. Now. This axis will be normal to the face. Click OK. Click OK. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Click the User Pattern icon .5. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. The specification tree indicates this creation.5. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.6 Measuring 3.
6. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. Switch to Design Mode. The Measure Item dialog box appears. This command lets you choose the selection mode. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. 3. or an entire product (selection 2). Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. edges. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. edges. or an entire product (selection 1). Click the Measure Between icon. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. By default. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. Click to select another surface. surfaces. vertices and entire products) or between points. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. etc. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. edge or vertex. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edge or vertex.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. If exact values cannot be measured. surfaces and entire products). The Measure Between dialog box appears. icon in the Definition box. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edges. Click to select a surface.6.). Click the Measure Item icon. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. 3.
Select the blue pad as the body to be split. volume (volumes only). You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes.7. 45 . mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. The body is split. Material has been removed. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. the dialog box also gives the area. face or surface. Click the Split icon . 3. The measure is made on the selection.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. geometry or assembly. Select the splitting surface. Click the Measure Inertia icon. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. indicating the splitting element.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. you can click it to reverse the direction. In addition to the center of gravity G. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept.7 Surface-Based Features 3. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The area. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. Click OK. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. density and mass of the selected item. you must select the desired sub-product. density.
Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. Select the surface to be closed.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. that is the extrude element. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The surface is closed . just click it. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the object you wish to thicken. If you need to reverse the arrow. The surface is thickened. INITIAL 3.7. Click OK. Click the Close Surface icon .INITIAL 3. 46 . In the geometry area.7. Click OK. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. Click the Thick Surface icon .
INITIAL FINAL 3. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Click the Sew Surface icon . The surface is sewn onto the body. Click OK. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.7. indicating the object to be sewn. Some material has been removed. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Click the arrow to reverse the direction.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body.
During the operation. Click OK to confirm. Trimming Bodies. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . Assembling Bodies. To assemble them. INITIAL 48 . 3. Removing Bodies. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. indicating that it is the active body. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. When your part includes several bodies. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body.3. By default.x" in the specification tree. material has been added. It allows you to create complex geometry. The result is immediate. 3.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications.x are autonomous.8. It is underlined. Click the Insert Body icon. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. This is your new Part Body. Now. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. You will notice that Part Body and Body.8.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Intersecting Bodies. if you wish to combine them.
By default. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.FINAL 3. Click the Add icon . Adding a body to another one means uniting them.8.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .
1 has been removed.Part Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 . Click OK. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
copied elements for example. then Display tab.This task shows you how to set general settings. Update. and their origins when you are editing these elements. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. 4.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. and Delete Operation. you just need to use the Isolate command..Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. The Options dialog box is displayed. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin..Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. you often need to select other elements as inputs.. Click the Infrastructure category.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. Select the Tools -> Options.9.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. 3. The General tab appears. Update. The tab appears. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. External References.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. When selecting a sketch as 54 . It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. command Click the Infrastructure category. Delete Operation . Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. Select the Tools -> Options command. Geometry. containing three categories of options: External References. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. When creating a geometric element. which means that if they are shared by other features. they will not be deleted. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive.
3 Creating Polylines 55 .the input element. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. depending on the feature you are creating. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. 4. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Select a curve or a Point on curve.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. The Planes Between dialog box appears. 4. 4. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Click the Planes Repetition icon . the last and first instances are the curve end points. some restrictions apply. Click OK to create the planes. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. in only one operation.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. If you check the with end points option.
Three points. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Enter all input as specified. 56 . Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Click the Polyline icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Bitangent and point . The circle (identified as Circle. Click the Circle icon . Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Two points and radius. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii.Tritangent. The Circle Definition dialog box appears.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. 4. Enter a Radius value. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Bitangent and radius . The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Center and point. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon.
Add a point before the selected point. You can select the Geometry on support check box. 57 . Remove the selected point.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. Click the Spline icon . Replace the selected point by another point. and select a support. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.4. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected.
as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Select two curves as reference element. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Enter a Radius value. Starting Angle.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. 4. Orientation.4. Several solutions may be possible. Click OK to create the helix. Click the Corner icon . Select the Support surface. Taper Angle. The corner will be created between these two references. The reference elements must lie on this support. The helical curve (identified as Helix. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Select a starting point and an axis. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the corner. 58 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Helix icon . The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Height. such as coils and springs for example. Profile.
Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. that is the distance from the Center point. Click the Connect Curve icon . at which the spiral's first revolution starts. when the spiral is defined by an angle. that is a in 2D plane. along the Reference direction.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the connect curve. 4. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve.Define the spiral's Orientation. Specify the Start radius value. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Click the Spiral icon .9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals.4. Tangency or Curvature. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.
The projection may be normal or along a direction. 4. Select the Support element. Click OK to create the projection element. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. The projection is added to the specification tree.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. hyperbolas or ellipses. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be projected. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. Click the Conic icon . You can select several elements to be projected. 60 .4. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Click the Projection icon . passing points or tangents.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics.
61 . Point. lines. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. A Contour. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. Click the Intersection icon . The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Select the two elements to be intersected. The intersection is displayed. etc. Click OK to create the intersection element.Fill in the conic curve parameters. This element (identified as Intersect. A Face. Avoid using input elements.) 4.
Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Click the Extrude icon . Click OK to create the surface.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile.13. lofting and sweeping. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. 62 . Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. Geometry with no history is called a datum.4.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. 4.
an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. and angular limits. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. Click the Revolve icon . the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. 4. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere.13.4. The spherical surface is based on a center point.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface.13. Click OK to create the surface.
Click the Offset icon . 4.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface.dialog box is displayed. Select the surface to be offset. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Click Apply to preview the surface. 4. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Click Apply to previews the offset surface. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the surfaces. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account.13. along 64 . An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. Click OK to create the surface. Select the center point of the sphere.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile.13. one on each side of the reference surface. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator.
Limit and middle.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Line profile icon. select a Second Guide. Click the Sweep icon . If no spine is selected. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Sweep icon . select a Spine. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. Click the Circle icon. If needed. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. If needed. With reference surface. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. With tangency surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. With draft direction. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. then use the combo to choose the subtype. The surface (identified as Sweep. In the Smooth sweeping section. With reference curve. you can select a reference Surface. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Explicit profile icon. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. The five possible cases are Two limits. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. 65 . The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. Select a Guide curve. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value.
The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select one or two section curves. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. hyperbolas or ellipses. If 66 . Select guide curves. Five guides. The surface (identified as Sweep.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. the results may be inconsistent. Click the Sweep icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click OK to create the swept surface. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Click the Loft icon . Two guides. such as parabolas. Three guides. Select a passing point. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.13. 4. Click OK to create the swept surface.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Click the Conic icon. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the fill surface. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Click the Fill icon . and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. If not. Four guides.13. 4. Replace the selected element by another curve.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Remove the selected element. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. and enter a radius value.
such as tension. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. 67 . depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Several coupling types are available. Click OK. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. Tangency then curvature. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element.13. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab.14. Tangency. and so forth. taking a number of constraints into account. None. Select the element to be split. You can select several cutting elements.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. The surface (identified as Blend. continuity.needed. Click OK to create the lofted surface. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. In the Spine tab page.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. on both. Click the Blend icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. In that case. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. only on the End section. or on none.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. 4. translating and rotating. Select the cutting element. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. End extremity. then the second curve and its support. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Start extremity. 4. Successively select the first curve and its support. Click the Split icon . select one or more guide curves. A preview of the split appears. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. The Split Definition dialog box appears. 4. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. Vertices. Set the tension type using the Tension tab.
Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. 4. Click OK to split the element. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. The Trim Definition dialog box appears.xxx element in the specification tree. In that case it appears as a separate Split. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. A preview of the trimmed element appears. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. 68 . Click the Trim icon . Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.14. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation.
4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. solids. Click the Boundary icon . The extracted element (identified as Extract. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. without deleting the initial element. Click the Extract icon . points. 4. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. or Tangent continuity.). The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. The selected element is highlighted.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. No propagation. Select an edge or the face of an element. Click OK to create the boundary curve.14.xxx) is added to the specification tree. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.14. and so forth. Click OK to extract the element. Select a Surface edge.4. a point on the curve for example. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. 69 .
Select the scaling reference point. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator.14. 4. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.14. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Select the element to be rotated. 4.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Click the Translate icon .7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. line or surface element.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.14. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the translated element. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. Click OK to create the scaled element. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Select a point. line or plane as reference element. point.4. Click OK. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. or more. The element (identified as Translate . Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Click the Scaling icon . Select a line as the rotation axis.14.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Click the Symmetry icon .8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the rotated element. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. Click the Rotate icon . 4. plane or planar surface. Select the Vector Definition.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. Click the Affinity icon . Select the element to be translated. 4.14.
Click OK to create the joined surface or curve.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Angle Tolerance. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Sub-Elements To Remove. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface.operation. Other options available are Simplify the result. Click the Extrapolate icon .11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Y. Merging distance. 4. federation. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent.14.14. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Select a surface Boundary. The Join Definition dialog box appears. 71 . Ignore erroneous elements. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Click the Join icon. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Click OK to create the affinity element. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Z values. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. 4. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature.
while the surface is restored. The surface (identified as Heal. and selecting one or more edges. From the Parameters tab. You can also set the Distance objective.4. by clicking the Sharpness tab. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. A progression bar is displayed. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. Click OK in the dialog box. Select the surfaces to be healed.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Click the Healing icon.xxx) is added to the specification tree. you can retain sharp edges. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. Provided the Tangent mode is active. Select the surface which limits should be restored. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. 4. 72 .14.14. Select the surface which limits should be restored.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces.
14. A resulting element can be made of several cells.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. while the surface is being disassembled. 4. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. manual update. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. fill the gaps. Select the curve to be smoothed. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. To warn you that an update is needed.14. A progression bar is displayed. Select the element to be disassembled. i. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. that is to say independent elements are created. and type of discontinuity (point.4. 73 . Click the Curve Smooth icon . To update the part. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies.e. To update a part. A progression bar indicates the . the application provides two update modes: automatic update. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. that can be manipulated independently. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). The selected element is disassembled. Click OK in the dialog box.
The result is immediate. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. 4. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. In the specification tree. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. Click OK to move the open body to the new body.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. indicating that it is the active open body. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . The Change Body dialog box appears.x.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. This involves. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. in the specification tree. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. 4. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. select the branch of your choice. CATIA displays this new Open_body. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. It is underlined. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . Select the new body where the open body is to be located. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. removing open body entities and changing body.4. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. inserting open body entities. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command.
or a pad. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. if it was hidden. edges or faces). The open body or it’s content is hidden.xxx) is added to the specification tree. according to given directions. The point (identified as Extremum. 5. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. Select a curve. Set the correct options: Max. 5.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. or becomes visible. if it was visible. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. Advance commands in GSD are as follows.command. Click OK. 5. when combined with other products such as Part Design. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. Click the Extremum icon . a surface. Min.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.
The spine is displayed.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. You can also select a start point. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. 76 . Max radius. Depending on the selected computation type. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Max angle. a point in this case. Click Preview. or filleted surfaces. the results can be: Min radius. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Successively select planes. on a planar contour. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Click the Polar Extremum icon .xxx). Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Click OK to create the extremum point. This task shows how to create a spine. Click OK. lofted. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Select the supporting surface of the contour. 5. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Click OK to create the spine. Click Preview. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Min angle.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. is added to the specification tree. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept.
Click the Reflect Lines icon . Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. whether closed or open. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Click the Parallel Curve icon .6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Key in an angle. 5. Select the reference Curve to be offset. Successively select the two curves to be combined.5. Click the Combine icon . The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the element. The combine (identified as Combine. select the support surface and a direction.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves.
Select the Tools -> Options command. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners.5. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Assembly Design 78 .8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. 5. Select points on guide to add other sections. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon .7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. When designing the profile to be swept. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. The General tab displays. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. The Reference surface is optional. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. The Options dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the swept surface. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Select the Guiding curve. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. 6.
The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.1). 6. You can use parts to create products. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench.1) is created in the .2. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch.2 Inserting a Components 6.2. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. To create an assembly. 6.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar.2. In the specification tree. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. you need products. 6. In the specification tree. The Product2 (Product2. 6.3 Inserting a New Part icon. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. The structure of your assembly now 79 . a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.
The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. To define the direction of creation. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. on another component for example. However. Click OK to create the components. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. If geometry exists in the assembly. In the specification tree. The operation is very simple. 6. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. The application previews the location of the new components. check x-axis. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. The result is immediate. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. you should keep in mind the 80 . Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon .4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. 6. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. 6. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. Select the component you wish to instantiate.
5. you may obtain concentricity. The selected component is orange framed (default color).following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Click the Contact Constraint icon . The components involved and their status are indicated. Same.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). As the contact constraint is created. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. 6. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . This constraint is added to the specification tree too. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. opposite.5. Select the faces to be constrained. indicating orientations. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Select the second face to be constrained. Select the face to be constrained. Depending on the selected elements. Double-clicking activates it. coaxiality or coplanarity. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. 6. Green graphic symbols are 81 . You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Green arrows appear on the selected faces.
Keep the Angle option.5. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. When setting an angle constraint. 6. Select the faces to be constrained. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). This operation is referred to as "Fix". 6. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. In the dialog box that appears. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. Select the component to be fixed.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation.5.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Select the faces to be constrained. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . 6. By fixing its position according to other components. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. which means setting an absolute position.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. click More to expand the dialog box. The constraint is created. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. which means setting a relative position. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Click the Angle Constraint icon . There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. Click the Offset Constraint icon . Click OK to create the angle component. that is the light blue . Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. 82 . you will have to define an angle value.5. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". The components involved and their status are indicated. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. This constraint is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the offset constraint. Parallelism (angle value equals zero).
but they must belong to the active component. displaying the list of selected components. Select the new type of constraint. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. 6. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Select the two entities to be constrained. You can select as many components as you wish. The Fix Together dialog box appears. Click the Fix Together icon .5. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. Click the Change Constraint icon . Click OK to confirm. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. In the Name field. Coincidence. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. The components are attached to each other. You can select any constraints. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. 6. not necessarily in the active component.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. Moving one of them moves the other one too. Angle and Parallelism. Click OK.5. The first constraint in the list can now be set. Click OK to validate the operation. The Change Type dialog box that appears.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. 6. Move the fixed component. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Select the constraint to be changed. Offset. 83 . displays all possible constraints.5.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together.
Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry.5. To do so.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. The assembly is updated. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. indicating they need an update. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual.6. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. Using no associativity: the option is off. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. 84 . Click the Update icon whole assembly. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. The constraints are in black. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . The default color is black. Select any activated constraint. cut & paste the original component. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. Select the Tools -> Options command. 6. 6. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. create a new instance.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. The constraint is deactivated.
An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.1" is displayed below this entity. If you use the option "generated constraints".xx" is displayed in the tree. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. 6. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. 85 . the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. 6. yz and xz planes.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. You can move your component along the x. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. The third row is reserved for rotations.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. y or z-axis. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. Depending on the selected elements. You can rotate your component around the x. you will obtain different results.8 Moving Components 6.Click OK to repeat the second component. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command.8.8.
Optionally. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. reference plane or cylinder axis). showing the generated section. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. edge. 6. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. The point is projected onto the line. move and rotate the section plane. The line is projected onto the plane. 86 . Click the Sectioning icon. A Preview window. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. The plane passes through the line. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. it creates constraints. also appears. The point is projected onto the plane. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. Z. invert the normal vector of the plane. The section plane is automatically created. 6.8. Both lines become collinear.
You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window.6. Hole. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Add.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. the graphical attributes of the components. double-click 'Assembly Split. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". The different assembly features you can create are: Split. Pocket. which in turn must contain one part at least. 6. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . keep in mind the following. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly.10. For instance modify: viewpoint. show-no show. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. graphical attributes. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. Remove. 6. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. The active product at least must include two components. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Within a scene. Perform a Symmetry. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. Click Ok to end the scene creation. Perform the required modifications.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit.X' in assembly features available in history tree. Click OK to confirm. Click the Create Scene icon . To edit an assembly split. click them to reverse the direction. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed.
Click the Explode icon . Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. 6. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. 88 . keep the selection as it is. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Keep All levels set by default. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. The Explode dialog box is displayed.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference.they were in the initial product. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Click Apply to check for interferences. if necessary. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Set the explode type. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. 3D is the default type. Click Apply to perform the operation. Keep it. 6. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Inside one selection. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Between two selections. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Selection against all.
Access to geometry. Select Tools -> Options. displaying the following options: Update. then the Assembly Design subcategory. then the Assembly Design subcategory. The General tab appears.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Click the Infrastructure category.6.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options.14. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. 6.. Move components. Click the Mechanical Design category. 89 .. Quick Constraint. Update and Delete Operation 6.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. Constraint Creation.14. command. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. The General tab appears. containing three categories of options: External References.14. Click the Mechanical Design category.
interactive or generated views. Select the 90 .1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. Click OK.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. from the menu bar. Select the Drafting workbench. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box...2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. You may also add. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views.7. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. 7. 7. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. . as well as information on the drawing standards.
it becomes the active view and is framed in red. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. and then click OK.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. 7. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. Even though you then delete sheet1. 91 . The active view is framed in red. When you create a view.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. From the New Drawing dialog box. The new sheet automatically appears. or the A0 ISO format. The non-active views are framed in blue. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. Select the 1:1 scale. Select the orientation type. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). and click OK. select the ISO standard.Drawing workbench. until you click at the desired view location. the view to be created is framed in green. If you click this view. 7.
You can update all views or a selection of views. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. relatively to the front view previously generated. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. respectively.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. 7. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. You can perform an update. Click the Drawing window. is detected. 7. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. Right-click the frame of the view. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Click on sheet to place front view.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar).Start creating the front view. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Any modification applied to the specifications. a previewed projection 92 . As you move the cursor. Blue arrows appear. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Select object.
you can. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). use Undo or Redo icons. Click to position the auxiliary view. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. Click to position the callout. 7. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. This auxiliary view. 7. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. for example the right view position.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. 93 . together with the top view.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. In sectioning through irregular objects. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. completely describes the object. Click the Drawing window. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. at any time. Click an edge on the view. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location.
The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view).9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. You can modify this scale. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. Click to generate the view. and click the Aligned Section Cut . Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. You can also use a roughly sketched profile.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. the dialog is exactly the same. Click the callout center. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Click the Drawing window. In this particular case. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. 7. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. you will click the Detail View Profile icon .7. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). you will select the Clipping 94 . Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. 7. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). Or. Click to generate the detail view.
Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. 7.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. 7. Click the 3D part. as well as blue manipulators appear. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. Red zones appear. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Click the first point of the breakout profile.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. If needed. 7. Click on the sheet. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. translate the profile. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar).Profile View icon . Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Double-click to end 95 . the right. the left. Click the Drawing window.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. A breakout view is often a partial section. Click the Drawing window. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. the top. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears.
Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Select the CATPart document.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Left view and Right view). Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. or all views in the drawing. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. select Selected objects -> isolate.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Once you are satisfied. 7. 7. 7. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. From the contextual menu. At creation. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Click next add any other view if required. Bottom view. Click the Drawing window. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). 7. views are by default linked to the parent view. and right-click them. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. the Top view.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. transforming a generated view into an interactive view.18 Scaling a View 96 . Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Click to position the left view. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard.
go to Product Structure workbench. If needed. This Bill of Material. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. right-click the detail view. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. if you are in the background view.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. 7. section views and section cuts. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. Before positioning the Bill of Material. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. In this case. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. you can pre-define the position. Click OK. 97 . select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. In this particular case. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . The detail view is updated.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. 7. This view is now active. For modifying the detail and section callout. Balloons generated 7. double-click the front view. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. or parts list. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar.
What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. 3. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. diameter Angle. distance The dimensions below: 98 . only sketched constraints are generated. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. On views including more dimensions. the section view is automatically updated. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Right-click the pattern to be modified.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. Then click OK in this Pattern table. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. On the view for which the dimension are generated. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. Double-click the callout to be modified. 2. 7. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. 7. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. 4. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. radius. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. distance. On the view with a bigger scale. For example.
to start the dimension generation. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. 7.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. radius and diameter. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. Dimensions 99 . dimensions are generated on all the views. angle. In the case of drawings with several views. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).23. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. by default. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation.23. Click OK to close the dialog box.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. length. there is only one) is automatically displayed.
The geometrical tolerance is created. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. The datum feature is created. if needed. Select an element (geometry. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value).25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. not generated. Click OK. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). 100 . Click OK when you're done. the anchor point will be a small balloon. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. If you select a point in the free space. If you select an element. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. dimension. Enter the desired character string. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar.Click the Not Generated option . The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. the anchor point will be an arrow.24 Creating a Datum Feature . If you select a dimension or a text. 7. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. no leader will be created. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. on the contrary. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol.
If needed. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element.26 Annotations 7. Set the properties of a text.7. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. Choose View -> Toolbars. justification.26. and select Text Properties. 7. A red frame appears. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). Text properties can be applied to text. size. such as font style. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. 101 . Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click in the free space to define a location for the text.26. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. balloon and datum target. text with leader. dimension text. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. etc. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.
You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. 7. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). If needed. Select an element.6. Click OK. Click OK. Open any CATProduct document.26. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Enter values in the desired field(s). On this CATProduct document. 102 .26. 7. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. For example. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. Ra=1. You can enter another string or value as needed. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Create a balloon by selecting an edge.26.7. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Go over one of the part with your cursor.
Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. Click the icon to launch the command. 7. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. The line height corresponds to the height of a string.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. you can add text. The welding symbol is created. insert columns. switch lines and columns. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. import a table. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols.27 Editing Properties 103 . If needed. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Select the two elements. and then click to validate.26. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). and insert a view in a table.26. You can also split a table. modify the geometry-welding symbol. invert columns. Click OK. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click OK. 7. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box.7. Click ok to validate the creation. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. invert lines. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. rows. and insert views.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. If needed. In this table.26. The welding leader will appear. merges cells. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. 7.
dress-up elements. Fillets. Choose the View tab. 3D Points. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Lines and Curves option. 3D spec. edit annotation font properties. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Choose your options. Center line. you can create a formula for the view name. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). Among other things. Lock view: if you check this option. Click the Graphic Tab. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Axis. Thread. 3D Wireframe. Dress up: Hidden lines. no more modification allowed in the view. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 .This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. if needed. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. if needed. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Click OK. 3D Colors. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Scale: the scale of the view.
In the Properties dialog box that appears. Grid: To define your grid. edit dimension value properties. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Modify the available options. The Options dialog box appears. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. edit dimension text properties. if needed. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and.then select the Edit-> Properties command. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Select the Tools->Options command. In other words. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. click the Font tab.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. if needed. or leader). 7. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. 105 . frame. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. The associated panel is displayed. Modify the available options. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid.
View axis: When you activate a view. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. To activate this mode. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. As a result. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. the dimension is automatically re-computed. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . you can choose to visualize the view axis. Select the Dimension tab in Options. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. following it dynamically during the creation process. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. In addition. when you update the drawing. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned.
Project 3D points. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Filters before generation. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. If all of the detection options are unchecked. perpendicularity and tangency. Analysis after generation. 3D colors inheritance. either or not using SmartPick. Hidden lines. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. then the balloon will be generated twice. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Generate threads. Generate centerlines. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Automatic positioning after generation. Properties option. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Allow automatic transfer between views. 107 . and more and more relationships with existing elements. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Horizontality and verticality. end points included. Select the Geometry tab. Alignment. if a component is used two times within a product. View tab): Generate axis. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Select the Generation tab. Apply 3D specification. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Parallelism. Generate fillet. Project 3D wireframe. the Create detected constraints option is not available.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets.
e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. scaling factor or frame to appear. Constraint diagnostics. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. f)Annotations 108 . It is not used for creating solid primitives. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. the sketch. As a result. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. For this before callout creation check this option. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. Select the Layout tab. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. you can define that you want or not the view name. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. and only visualized by. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. the following dialog box appears. This element is used as positioning reference.
In this particular case. Activate the settings. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. as you will choose to load the referenced document. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. It is now possible to customize the settings. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. Press OK. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. no matter what the view scale is. 109 . 7. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. command. Select the Annotation tab. Select the Edit->Links command. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. or both.. press the shift key. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping.You can customize given options when creating annotations. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked.. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Press OK. according to the orientation.
Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. True Length Dimension 8. Create Detected Constraints. To modify these colors.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. Create Constraints. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Snap to Point. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Then check Activate analysis display mode and.2 Creating Views 110 . Force Dimension on Element. 8. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View.8. View. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. if needed.
For example. Right-click the view used as reference. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Press OK. For this. In this case. 8. double-click on this isometric view. A blue axis displays in a red frame. 8. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Click the New View icon . Click the Drawing window. From an active front view. by double-clicking on this view. a bottom view. dimensions. In other words. a left view and a right view. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. you can create: a top view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. In other words. modified in this dialog box. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. This is true for any kind of view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. Press OK. You can now create 2D geometry in this view.
circle. Add elements to an existing view. using the Action-Object mode. In this case. select a circle in the top view. using the ObjectAction mode.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. in another view. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. using the Action-Object mode. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. the object to be projected. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. curve). ellipse. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. Select more elements to be projected. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. select an arc of a circle in the front view. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. Select. At any time. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. You will first add elements to an existing view. if needed. parabola. In this case. and then transformed into the receiving view.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. 8. 112 . hyperbola. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line.
Select the object defining the view to be created. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Make the isometric view active (double-click). select the whole front view. 113 .Create an isometric view from scratch. using the Object-Action mode. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. In this case. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view.
You can reframe any type of view: front views. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. If you want constraints to be created.8. choose Properties. a configuration. details views. clipping views. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. The frame can only be rectangular. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. In the Visualization and Behavior area.6 Reframing a View In this task. a mode: measured or constraining mode. Click on the frame to select it. as you want. isometric views. In the contextual menu. etc. 8. Select the view and right-click the view frame. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. Click the View tab. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. select the Visual Clipping check box. Click OK. a distance constraint. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 .
9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. On the Dimensioning toolbar. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. If you choose this constraint.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. click in the drawing. When creating dimensions on elements. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. 8. you will learn how to create dimensions.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. click the Dimensions icon. or between generated elements. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. If needed. you can preview the dimensions to be created. The software proposes you parallelism by default. but not between a mix of these. 8. these relations will be taken into account. you can only create constraints between similar elements. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . In other words. click a second element in the view. In other words. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. Click a first element in the view. 8.
You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles.toolbar). click the centerline. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. and then the second element. Select the dimension. Red end points appear. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. you can also access the Properties options. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select the reference line.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. i. 8. 8. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). 116 . Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. The centerline created is associative with the reference line.e. Select a circle. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. Click to validate the dimension creation. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar.
Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. part-sketched. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. Click the Drawing window. In this particular case. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. generated elements. Click the Drawing window. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). In the Graphic Properties toolbar. dotting or coloring). Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. you will apply a thread to a hole. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. Select two lines. . The thread is created according to this reference. The axes and centerlines are created. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. The Tap type option activated by default. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. part-generated elements. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. Select the Reference Thread type option line. from the (Tools toolbar). Click the Drawing window. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. Click the Drawing window. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. In the Pattern dialog box. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. The axis line is created. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. The thread is created.
Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). The arrow and the selected object are associative. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. The Area Detection dialog box appears. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. which represents the fillet edge. For the purpose of this exercise. A contextual menu appears. under the line. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. To modify the position of the arrow. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. The arrow is created. Click the Drawing window. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). 118 . you can drag it to change the arrow path. Select Add a Breakpoint.
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