INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. and are less expensive. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part.Generally. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. 1. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. Moreover. and flexibility. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. and costs are generally lower. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. cost. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. For that we need level three: SM systems. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. not just that of exterior. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes.

DESIGN. centre of gravity. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. to be sure. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified.systems to handle architectural problems. outside. 8 . but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. weight. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. rather than a part of engineering. so mass properties (volume. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. surface area. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. or on the surface of the object in question. In this way. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. By its nature. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. 1.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. 1. SM systems are now being used to design power plants.4 LAYOUTS. 1.

Without solids. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces.e. but one that can be surmounted. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. if you need for more complex sketches 2. With solid. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. 2. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. and then select Edit. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. it remains a challenge. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. 9 . and the origin and orientation of the axis system.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. Once created. To do this from the 3D. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). automation of process planning is also impossible.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. or select a planar surface.1. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i.

In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. i. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. . and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. in which you specify the reference plane. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. Construction elements 10 . Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. 2. Snap to Point If activated. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. on some occasions.2. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements.e. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements.

uses edges. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). These elements cannot be modified. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. the sketch. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. and only visualized by.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. As a result. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. graphically speaking.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. These elements are used as positioning references. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. 11 . 2. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements.

The constraints are in priority dimensional. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu.6 Creating Constraints 2.6. any of the above cases possibly combined together. the 2. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. on a point. Using SmartPick.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. at the extremity point of a curve. at the midpoint of a line. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. all over a curve. at the intersection point of two curves. two or three elements. using coordinates. . whenever possible. According to the various active options. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. SmartPick will return information via symbols.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active).

You can either select the geometry or the command first. the application displays it in green. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Click OK to constrain the sketch. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected.constraints and to position this constraint as desired.6. coincidence and tangency. Coincidence. Select a first element.6. For editing. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. 2.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Once the profile is fully constrained. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). they are checked in the dialog box. Select the profile to be constrained. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements.6. 2. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. If constraints already exist. by default. 13 . Horizontal. Angle.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. This constraint can be created between either two elements. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Fix. 2. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Parallelism or Perpendicular). Select a second element.

The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space).2.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. 14 . which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar.

You are going to define the (i) circle center. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. two centers & two radii. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Click to create the parallelogram. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar).

The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). m) Creating an Arc 16 . i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). By default. circle centers appear on the sketch. Click three elements. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar).

r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar).It shows how to create an arc. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. a) The arc center point. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. middle. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). There are three possibilities. Double-click to end the spline. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. s) Creating a Conic 17 . To create a Parabola click the focus. c) Through three points –start. middle. start point and end point. center and apex. To create a hyperbola click the focus. b) Through three points . Double-click the control point you wish to edit. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. Clicking another command ends the spline too.start. end. end. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar.

The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. a parabola or a hyperbola. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). To edit. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. As a result. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. Click two points on the two existing lines. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. Click the line first point (first point). double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). a circle. if needed. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. in accordance with both points previously clicked. one after the other. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. x) Creating an Axis 18 .

Select a second line (or an axis). Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Select a first line (or an axis). Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar.This task shows how to create an axis. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. In this task. 2. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . of course you can create this point manually. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates.

Length1/Angle. Select the two lines. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Create two intersecting lines. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. You can create rounded corners between curves. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). The second line is also highlighted. Select the first line. Select the two lines. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. the first or none of the elements.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Select the two curves. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Length1/Length2. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Trim All / First / No element. . Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer.

These options are Rubber In. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. Rubber out. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. The line is now composed of two movable segments. The complementary arc appears for selected arc.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. The arc will now be closed. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. and Break. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. 21 from the Sketch tools . a construction line or an axis. a three point arc. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). For example. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Create a three points arc. Select one or more elements to be relimited. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the line to be broken.

In the Translation Definition dialog box. enter a precise value for the translation length. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the element(s) to be scaled. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. De-activate the Duplicate mode. In other words. The duplicate mode is activated by default. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Multi-selection is not available. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Select the element(s) to be translated. multi-select the entire profile. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. if needed. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click the rotation center point. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Enter the number of copies you need. Select the geometry to be rotated. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Here. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Select or click a point to define an angle. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box.

The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. the line to be created appears immediately. Select the surface. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. The intersection is yellow. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. select it. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). by creating several offset instances. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. Select the face of interest. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. arc or circle. The line to be created appears. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The selected line is duplicated. These projections are yellow. These 23 . If the line is not already selected. Both lines are parallel. There are two possibilities. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane.

Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. in the Tools toolbar. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. 2. 2. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. The Options dialog box appears.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. In other words. Graduations. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. 2. It indicates the overall 24 . You can now sketch the required profile. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. The Sketcher tab appears. Expand the Mechanical Design option. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Primary spacing. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. and then click Sketcher. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other.

The New dialog box is displayed. This application. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice.3. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. To open it. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. 25 . Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. Actually. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. offers a highly productive. which is fully integrated into Part Design. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. c) specific toolbars. 3. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. b) the geometry area. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. from simple to advance.

Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Use the combo to choose the desired line type.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. ellipse. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Between: Creating point between two other points. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X.3. Y.2. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Use the combo to choose the desired point type.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command.2. 3. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. 3. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. 26 . .

The Plane Definition dialog box appears. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. and Remove Loft. 3. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Groove.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Pocket. Loft. others in removing material. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. In this section.Regardless of the line type. Click the Plane icon . Rib. Once you have defined the plane. 27 . Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Slot. Shaft. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Some operations consist in adding material. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. it is represented by a red square symbol.2.

The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. If you wish to define another length for this direction. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. For each of them. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. You will notice that by default. Up to Surface.Up to Last. if you extrude a profile. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. Just click the More button and define the second limit. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values.3. 3. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators.3. 28 .3. Up to Plane. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . the application specifies the length of your pad. By default. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green.

3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads.3.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. using different length values. Click OK to create the pocket. set the Type parameter to Dimension. if you extrude a profile.3. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. up to last. Note 29 . 3. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. By default. up to surface.3. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Click the Pocket icon . up to plane. To define a specific depth. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Double-click Pocket to edit it. To specify another direction. Alternatively. Select the profile to be extruded. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. The specification tree indicates this creation. Optionally click Preview to see the result.

Enter Thickness1 's value. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. and click Preview to see the result. For the purposes of our scenario. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Click the Shaft icon . you do not have to select the axis. You need an open or closed profile. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". Alternatively. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. 3. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. If needed.3. Select the open profile.3. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. The profile is previewed in dotted line.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. Consequently. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. Enter Thickness2 's value. For each of them. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. 3. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. select LIM1 or 30 .6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. and click Preview to see the result. Once you have done your modifications. pockets and stiffeners. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The method described here is also valid for pockets.

3. If needed. Click OK to confirm the 31 . You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. For the purposes of our scenario. The shaft is created. Click the Groove icon . These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Click OK to confirm. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Consequently. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The specification tree mentions it has been created. you do not have to select the axis. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. Click Preview to see the result.3. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. This task shows you how to create a groove. Select the profile.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch.

You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. 3.3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. you need a center curve. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. 3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. 3. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. To define a rib. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. you can enter the values of your choice. but you can use standard values. By default. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 .3.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. To define a thread.operation.3.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. CATIA removes material around the cylinder.

New options are then available.2. Click OK. Select the profile you wish to sweep. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. To create Rib. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar.3. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. The specification tree mentions this creation. Click the Rib icon . it can be discontinuous in tangency. 3. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. The application now previews the rib to be created. To define this direction. The rib is created. It should be a closed profile.element or a pulling direction. you can select a plane or an edge. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends.11 Slot 33 .

a planar profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Slot icon . Tangency. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. 34 . Click OK to create the volume. Select the profile. Click the Loft icon . To define a slot. Tangency then curvature. Select the three section curves. the application computes a spine. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. 3. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. Pulling direction.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. By default. You can note that by default. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides.3. The resulting feature is a closed volume. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. The feature (identified as Loft. Vertices. you need a center curve. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Reference surface. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. It is closed. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. They are highlighted in the geometry area. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine.

13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. By default. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. If you need to use an open profile. the application computes a spine. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. Select the profile to be extruded.xxx) is added to the specification tree.3.3.3. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. 3. . The feature (identified as Loft.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . Click OK to create the lofted surface. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. Click the Remove Loft icon .

The specification tree indicates it has been created.4. Tangency. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. The stiffener is created. Select the edges. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. 3. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. CATIA displays the radius value. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. depending on the radius value you specified. you can then trim the fillets to be created. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. 36 . The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. Optionally click Preview to see the result. When filleting an edge. Check the Neutral Fiber option. Conversely.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Click OK. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. Click the Edge Fillet icon . If you set the Tangency mode. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part.

4. 3. Click OK. The faces are filleted. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Select the faces to be filleted. 3. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. The specification tree indicates this creation. Click OK. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. The fillet will be tangent to this face.5 Basic Draft 37 . Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. Depending on the curve's shape.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces.4.4. Instead of entering a radius value. Select the face to be removed. 3. Select the faces to be filleted. the application chamfers its edges. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle.4. Click OK.3. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable.

4. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. This element will remain the same during the draft. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. Parting element: this plane. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Click OK. If Keep Parting =Neutral.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. 3. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.

You can add as many points as you wish.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. To add a point on the edge. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . Click OK. Select the face to be drafted. Select face as the neutral element. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink.4. This line is used to support the drafted faces.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. Click the Shell icon . displays the variable angle draft option as activated. The selected face becomes purple. To edit the other angle value. Enter the Default inside thickness field. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. Select the face.4. click the Points field. The reflect line is moved accordingly. Select the face to be removed. indicating the default pulling direction. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. 3.9 Thickness 39 . Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. The feature is shelled. Click OK to confirm. 3. Enter an angle value in the Angle field.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon .4. 3.

Y. Click OK to create the translated element. pitch value. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. 3. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Enter the thread depth. Enter a positive value. This task shows you how to translate a body. Limit faces must be planar.You can add or remove thickness to parts.5. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Select the faces to thicken. The part is thickened accordingly. Click OK.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. You can also specify the direction by means of X.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Click Preview.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. The application previews the thread. Click OK to confirm. 3. The element (identified as Translate. Check the Left-Threaded option.4. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. 40 . Select the upper face as the limit face. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. This creation appears in the specification tree. but the thread (identified as Thread. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Translate icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Thickness icon . The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Click the Thread/Tap icon .

Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. line or plane as reference element. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Symmetry icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree.3. Select a point. The specification tree mentions this creation. Select an edge as the rotation axis. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The element (identified as Rotate. 3. The element is rotated. Click the Mirror icon .5.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. The application previews the material to be created. Click OK to confirm the operation. Click the Rotate icon . 3. The pads are mirrored. Enter a value for the rotation angle.5.5.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . Click OK to create the rotated element. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The command applies to current bodies. The new element (identified as Symmetry. 3.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.5.

Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. An arrow is displayed on the pad. These features accelerate the creation process. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. If needed. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Click OK. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Patterns let you do so. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory.5. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Select the feature you wish to copy. These parameters are: Instances & total angle.This is the resulting pattern. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Let the Instances & Spacing option. The feature "RectPattern. Instances & angular spacing. Now. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. 42 . Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Angular spacing & total angle. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Defining the spacing along the grid. Instances & Spacing. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. circular and user patterns. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. complete crown. Spacing & Length.

Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. To do so.6 Measuring 3. This axis will be normal to the face. 3. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. you are going to add a crown to your part.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. To define a direction. The pad will be repeated seven times. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Now.5. Click Preview. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. The specification tree indicates this creation. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Click the User Pattern icon . Click OK. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. The body is scaled.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . Select the body to be scaled. 3. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. These points are created in the Sketch. you can select an edge or a planar face. The feature appears in the Object field. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Click the Scaling icon . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Click OK. click the Crown Definition tab. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify.6. Select the reference point located on the body. Click OK. 3. One more ring of pads will be added.5. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing.

approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. Click the Measure Between icon. or an entire product (selection 1).This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces.6. 3. Click the Measure Item icon. surfaces. edges. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign).6. Click to select another surface. or an entire product (selection 2). Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. edges. If exact values cannot be measured. 3. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Click to select a surface. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. The Measure Item dialog box appears. surfaces and entire products). The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. This command lets you choose the selection mode. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . edge or vertex. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. The Measure Between dialog box appears. icon in the Definition box. etc.). edges. edge or vertex. Switch to Design Mode. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. vertices and entire products) or between points. By default.

the dialog box also gives the area. indicating the splitting element. The area. Click the Split icon . The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. density. you can click it to reverse the direction. Material has been removed. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. 45 . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. geometry or assembly. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. 3. Click OK. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. density and mass of the selected item. volume (volumes only). The measure is made on the selection. In addition to the center of gravity G. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The body is split.7. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. Click the Measure Inertia icon. you must select the desired sub-product. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. face or surface. Select the splitting surface.7 Surface-Based Features 3.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object.

The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.7. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. INITIAL 3.INITIAL 3.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability.7. Select the object you wish to thicken. If you need to reverse the arrow. In the geometry area. Click OK. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The surface is closed . The surface is thickened. just click it. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. Click the Thick Surface icon . Click the Close Surface icon . 46 . that is the extrude element. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the surface to be closed. Click OK.

Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Click OK. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Click the Sew Surface icon .4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. indicating the object to be sewn. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.INITIAL FINAL 3. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.7. The surface is sewn onto the body. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Some material has been removed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.

This is your new Part Body.3. Trimming Bodies.8. The result is immediate. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Click OK to confirm. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . indicating that it is the active body. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. 3. Intersecting Bodies. Click the Insert Body icon. Assembling Bodies. When your part includes several bodies. During the operation.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. You will notice that Part Body and Body. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. It is underlined.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. Removing Bodies. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. It allows you to create complex geometry. Now. 3.x" in the specification tree. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. INITIAL 48 . By default.x are autonomous.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. To assemble them. material has been added. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. if you wish to combine them.8.

3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .8. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.FINAL 3. Click the Add icon . By default. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.

Click OK.Part Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 . You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.1 has been removed.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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and their origins when you are editing these elements. The General tab appears. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. The tab appears. Select the Tools -> Options.. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.. Delete Operation .Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. command Click the Infrastructure category. you just need to use the Isolate command. then Display tab. Update. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. When creating a geometric element..Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection.9. The Options dialog box is displayed.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. External References.. they will not be deleted. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. containing three categories of options: External References.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. 4. which means that if they are shared by other features. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. 3. When selecting a sketch as 54 . you often need to select other elements as inputs. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.This task shows you how to set general settings.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. copied elements for example.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. Geometry. Update. Select the Tools -> Options command. and Delete Operation. Click the Infrastructure category.

If you check the with end points option. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. Click the Planes Repetition icon . 4. in only one operation. Select a curve or a Point on curve.the input element. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. 4. Click OK to create the planes. the last and first instances are the curve end points. The Planes Between dialog box appears. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. 4.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. some restrictions apply. depending on the feature you are creating.3 Creating Polylines 55 .

Two points and radius. Enter all input as specified. Bitangent and point . 56 . These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Click the Polyline icon . the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. The circle (identified as Circle. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Center and point. Select several points in a row to create a polyline.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Enter a Radius value.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. 4. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline.Tritangent. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Three points. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Bitangent and radius . Click the Circle icon .

4. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. Add a point before the selected point. Remove the selected point. and select a support. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Click the Spline icon .5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. 57 . It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. Replace the selected point by another point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. You can select the Geometry on support check box.

as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Enter a Radius value. Click OK to create the helix. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Height.4. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. 58 . Several solutions may be possible. Orientation. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. The reference elements must lie on this support. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Select the Support surface. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. such as coils and springs for example. Select two curves as reference element. Profile. Click OK to create the corner.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. The corner will be created between these two references.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Starting Angle. Select a starting point and an axis. Taper Angle. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click the Helix icon . Click the Corner icon .

You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. Specify the Start radius value. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. when the spiral is defined by an angle.Define the spiral's Orientation. that is the distance from the Center point. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is a in 2D plane. along the Reference direction. at which the spiral's first revolution starts.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Click the Spiral icon .4. Click OK to create the connect curve. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . 4. Click the Connect Curve icon . Tangency or Curvature. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve.

10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. Click OK to create the projection element. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. 4. Click the Conic icon .4. 60 . passing points or tangents.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. You can select several elements to be projected. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. Select the element to be projected. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. The projection is added to the specification tree. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. hyperbolas or ellipses. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. Click the Projection icon . The projection may be normal or along a direction. Select the Support element.

lines. etc. Avoid using input elements. This element (identified as Intersect. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears.Fill in the conic curve parameters. A Contour. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. 61 . Click OK to create the intersection element. The intersection is displayed.) 4. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. Click the Intersection icon . which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. Point.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the two elements to be intersected. A Face.

You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile.13. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion.4. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. 4.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. lofting and sweeping. Click the Extrude icon . 62 . Geometry with no history is called a datum. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Click OK to create the surface.

The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. Click the Revolve icon . The spherical surface is based on a center point. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation.4. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis.13. 4. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . Click OK to create the surface.13. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. and angular limits.

Select the center point of the sphere. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. one on each side of the reference surface. Click Apply to preview the surface. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Select the surface to be offset. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required.13. along 64 . Click the Offset icon .13. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.dialog box is displayed. 4. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. 4. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Click OK to create the surfaces.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. Click OK to create the surface. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears.

If needed. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. then use the combo to choose the subtype. select a Second Guide. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. Click the Sweep icon . b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. If no spine is selected. In the Smooth sweeping section. Click the Sweep icon . select a Spine. The surface (identified as Sweep. The five possible cases are Two limits. With reference curve. With reference surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the swept surface. 65 . if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. Click the Sweep icon . Select a Guide curve. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Explicit profile icon. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. Limit and middle. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. With draft direction. you can select a reference Surface. Click the Circle icon. With tangency surface. Click the Line profile icon. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. If needed.

The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Conic icon. 4. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. and enter a radius value. The surface (identified as Sweep. Remove the selected element. If 66 . This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Two guides. Select one or two section curves. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. Select a passing point. If not. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. Click the Loft icon . Click OK to create the fill surface.13. Three guides. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Replace the selected element by another curve. hyperbolas or ellipses. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Five guides.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve.13. such as parabolas. Four guides. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. The surface (identified as Sweep.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select guide curves. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. 4. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Fill icon . the results may be inconsistent.

Successively select the first curve and its support. 4. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. You can select several cutting elements. on both. such as tension. select one or more guide curves.14. Vertices. Click OK to create the lofted surface. End extremity. A preview of the split appears. Click the Split icon . depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Tangency then curvature. and so forth. 4. 4. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. In the Spine tab page. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. or on none. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. continuity. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. translating and rotating.needed.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Several coupling types are available. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. then the second curve and its support. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. In that case.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. Click the Blend icon . 67 . Tangency.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. The surface (identified as Blend. taking a number of constraints into account.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Blend Definition dialog box appears.13. only on the End section. Select the cutting element. None. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Start extremity. Click OK. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. Select the element to be split.

You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.14. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. A preview of the trimmed element appears. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons.xxx element in the specification tree. In that case it appears as a separate Split. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. 4. 68 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Click OK to split the element. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Click the Trim icon . Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation.

4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. without deleting the initial element. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. Click OK to create the boundary curve. Click the Extract icon .4. 4. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. Click the Boundary icon . Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. The selected element is highlighted. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. or Tangent continuity. Click OK to extract the element.14. Select a Surface edge. a point on the curve for example.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. 69 . and so forth. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. The extracted element (identified as Extract.). No propagation.xxx) is added to the specification tree. points. solids. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed.14. Select an edge or the face of an element.

Select the scaling reference point. Select the element to be translated. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.14. point. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. Click the Scaling icon . 4.14. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click the Symmetry icon . Click the Translate icon . or more. Click OK to create the translated element. 4. Click the Affinity icon .14.14.4.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click OK. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Click the Rotate icon .7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one.14. Select a point. Select the element to be rotated. 4. Select the Vector Definition. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Click OK to create the scaled element. line or plane as reference element. 4. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. The element (identified as Translate . The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Select a line as the rotation axis. line or surface element.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. plane or planar surface. Click OK to create the rotated element.

operation.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves.14. 4. Ignore erroneous elements. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Select the surface to be Extrapolated.14. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Y. Click OK to create the affinity element. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. federation.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Sub-Elements To Remove. Click the Join icon. 4. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Angle Tolerance. 71 . Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Select a surface Boundary. Click the Extrapolate icon . Other options available are Simplify the result. Merging distance. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Z values. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent.

4. by clicking the Sharpness tab.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. you can retain sharp edges. A progression bar is displayed. Select the surface which limits should be restored. You can also set the Distance objective. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Healing icon. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. 72 . that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces.14. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Click OK in the dialog box. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. while the surface is restored. Provided the Tangent mode is active.14. and selecting one or more edges. The surface (identified as Heal. 4. From the Parameters tab. Select the surfaces to be healed. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. Select the surface which limits should be restored.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces.

To update the part. and type of discontinuity (point. i. Select the element to be disassembled.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. fill the gaps. A resulting element can be made of several cells. To update a part. To warn you that an update is needed. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. 4. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. click the Update icon evolution of the operation.4. Click OK in the dialog box.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities.e.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. the application provides two update modes: automatic update.14. while the surface is being disassembled. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). Select the curve to be smoothed. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. A progression bar indicates the . Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. manual update. that can be manipulated independently. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. Click the Curve Smooth icon . These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. A progression bar is displayed. 73 . that is to say independent elements are created. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. The selected element is disassembled.14.

18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. select the branch of your choice. This involves. In the specification tree. indicating that it is the active open body. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. 4. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed.x. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. It is underlined. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show.4. The Change Body dialog box appears.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. 4. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. removing open body entities and changing body. inserting open body entities. Select the new body where the open body is to be located.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. The result is immediate. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. CATIA displays this new Open_body. in the specification tree. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body.

command. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. a surface. edges or faces). that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. Click the Extremum icon . 5. The open body or it’s content is hidden.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Set the correct options: Max. or a pad. Select a curve. Click OK. according to given directions. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. if it was hidden. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. Min. or becomes visible. if it was visible. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. 5. when combined with other products such as Part Design. 5. The point (identified as Extremum. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points.

The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. or filleted surfaces. 5. Click OK to create the spine. the results can be: Min radius. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. is added to the specification tree. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. The spine is displayed.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Depending on the selected computation type. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Click the Polar Extremum icon . Max radius. a point in this case.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. on a planar contour. You can also select a start point. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. Successively select planes. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. 76 . This task shows how to create a spine. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Max angle. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Min angle. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Click OK. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Click Preview. Click OK to create the extremum point. Click Preview. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.xxx). lofted.

Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. select the support surface and a direction. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Click the Combine icon . The Combine Definition dialog box appears.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. Click OK to create the element. Key in an angle. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 .5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Successively select the two curves to be combined. Click the Reflect Lines icon . 5. Select the reference Curve to be offset. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The combine (identified as Combine. whether closed or open.5. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves.

Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. The Reference surface is optional. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Assembly Design 78 . 6. When designing the profile to be swept. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Select points on guide to add other sections. The Options dialog box is displayed. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon .8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Select the Guiding curve. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. Select the Tools -> Options command. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. The General tab displays. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design.5. Click OK to create the swept surface. 5.

Those products can in turn be used to create other products. you need products. In the specification tree. The Assembly Design workbench is opened.2 Inserting a Components 6. The Product2 (Product2. 6. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch.3 Inserting a New Part icon.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created.2. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. You can use parts to create products.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.2. To create an assembly. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. 6. In the specification tree. 6.1) is created in the . 6. The structure of your assembly now 79 . You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.1). select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1.2. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.

However. 6. 6. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. you should keep in mind the 80 . Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. check x-axis. The result is immediate. The operation is very simple. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Click OK to create the components. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. The application previews the location of the new components. 6. on another component for example. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. In the specification tree. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . select Product1 and click the New Part icon . You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. To define the direction of creation.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon .3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. Select the component you wish to instantiate. If geometry exists in the assembly.

2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Depending on the selected elements. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). The selected component is orange framed (default color). This constraint is added to the specification tree too.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Double-clicking activates it. 6. Green graphic symbols are 81 . Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . Select the faces to be constrained. As the contact constraint is created. you may obtain concentricity. Click the Contact Constraint icon . one component is moved so as to adopt its new position.5. opposite. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. indicating orientations. The components involved and their status are indicated. Same.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Select the second face to be constrained. coaxiality or coplanarity. Select the face to be constrained.5. 6.

Keep the Angle option. The components involved and their status are indicated. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. In the dialog box that appears. Select the component to be fixed. Select the faces to be constrained. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). Note that four sectors are available: constraint. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon .4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. 6. 6.5. This constraint is added to the specification tree.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. which means setting a relative position. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. 82 . By fixing its position according to other components. 6. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Parallelism (angle value equals zero).5. Click the Angle Constraint icon . Click OK to create the angle component. When setting an angle constraint. you will have to define an angle value. click More to expand the dialog box. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. which means setting an absolute position. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box.5. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. that is the light blue . you need to specify how faces should be oriented. The constraint is created. Select the faces to be constrained. This operation is referred to as "Fix". Click the Offset Constraint icon . Click OK to create the offset constraint.

6. Angle and Parallelism. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. Click the Fix Together icon . Click OK. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. displaying the list of selected components. 6. Coincidence. displays all possible constraints.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Moving one of them moves the other one too.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. The first constraint in the list can now be set. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements.5. Move the fixed component. but they must belong to the active component. In the Name field. 83 . You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Offset.5. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Select the new type of constraint. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . The Change Type dialog box that appears. The components are attached to each other. Click the Change Constraint icon . Select the two entities to be constrained. 6.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. The Fix Together dialog box appears. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Click OK to confirm. not necessarily in the active component. You can select as many components as you wish. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. Click OK to validate the operation. You can select any constraints. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. Select the constraint to be changed.5.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together.

The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Select any activated constraint. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. Select the Tools -> Options command. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. The assembly is updated. cut & paste the original component. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. The constraint is deactivated. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. Using no associativity: the option is off. The constraints are in black. The default color is black.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. 6. 84 . 6. indicating they need an update. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. Check the Manual option in the Update frame.6. To do so. create a new instance. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. Click the Reuse Pattern icon .6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Click the Update icon whole assembly.5.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design.

If you use the option "generated constraints".1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. Depending on the selected elements.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component.8 Moving Components 6. 6.8. The third row is reserved for rotations.Click OK to repeat the second component. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation.xx" is displayed in the tree. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. y or z-axis. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. yz and xz planes. You can move your component along the x. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. you will obtain different results. 6. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. 85 .1" is displayed below this entity.8. You can rotate your component around the x. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.

A Preview window. The line is projected onto the plane. invert the normal vector of the plane.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. The point is projected onto the plane. Z. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. Both lines become collinear. move and rotate the section plane. also appears. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set.8. Optionally. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. reference plane or cylinder axis). 6. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. edge. 6. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. The point is projected onto the line. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. 86 . The section plane is automatically created. it creates constraints. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. Click the Sectioning icon. showing the generated section. The plane passes through the line.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes.

11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit.X' in assembly features available in history tree. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split.10. To edit an assembly split. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . which in turn must contain one part at least. double-click 'Assembly Split. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. graphical attributes. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Click Ok to end the scene creation. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. Hole. 6. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. keep in mind the following. Perform the required modifications. Pocket. show-no show. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Remove. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. Perform a Symmetry. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. click them to reverse the direction. Within a scene.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. the graphical attributes of the components. Click the Create Scene icon . Add. 6. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. The active product at least must include two components. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". Click OK to confirm. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. For instance modify: viewpoint. The different assembly features you can create are: Split.6.

6. 6. Set the explode type.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Keep it. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Inside one selection. Selection against all. Between two selections. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Click Apply to check for interferences. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Clearance + Contact + Clash. The Explode dialog box is displayed.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases.they were in the initial product. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. 88 . When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Click Apply to perform the operation. 3D is the default type. Keep All levels set by default. Click the Explode icon . Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. keep the selection as it is. if necessary.

Click the Infrastructure category. Constraint Creation.14.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. displaying the following options: Update..6. Click the Mechanical Design category.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. then the Assembly Design subcategory. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Access to geometry. Click the Mechanical Design category. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Move components. containing three categories of options: External References. The General tab appears. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. The General tab appears..14.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. 89 . Quick Constraint. command. Update and Delete Operation 6.14. Select Tools -> Options. 6.

7. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. Select the Drafting workbench.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. Select the 90 . .7. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. from the menu bar. interactive or generated views. as well as information on the drawing standards.. You may also add.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. Click OK. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet.. 7.

Drawing workbench. 91 . This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. From the New Drawing dialog box. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). select the ISO standard. until you click at the desired view location. or the A0 ISO format. and click OK. When you create a view. 7. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. 7. The active view is framed in red. Select the orientation type. The non-active views are framed in blue. and then click OK. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. The new sheet automatically appears. Select the 1:1 scale. the sheets newly created will keep the same name.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. the view to be created is framed in green. If you click this view. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. Even though you then delete sheet1.

Start creating the front view. Right-click the frame of the view. 7. respectively. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Blue arrows appear. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar).6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Click the Drawing window. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Select object. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. You can update all views or a selection of views. 7. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. is detected. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. a previewed projection 92 . The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). relatively to the front view previously generated. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. You can perform an update. As you move the cursor. Any modification applied to the specifications. Click on sheet to place front view.

8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. you can. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. 93 . for example the right view position.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. at any time. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. together with the top view. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. In sectioning through irregular objects. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. 7. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Click an edge on the view. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. 7. Click to position the callout. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Click to position the auxiliary view. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. Click the Drawing window. This auxiliary view. completely describes the object. use Undo or Redo icons. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar).

Click the Drawing window. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. 7. You can modify this scale. 7.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Click the callout center. Click the Drawing window. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. Click the Drawing window.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. you will select the Clipping 94 . Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). In this particular case. Click to generate the view. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). the dialog is exactly the same. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. and click the Aligned Section Cut . This operation is applied directly onto the active view. Or.7. Click to generate the detail view.

Profile View icon . the right. translate the profile. Click the first point of the breakout profile. 7. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. Click the Drawing window. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. as well as blue manipulators appear. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. Red zones appear. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. 7. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Click on the sheet.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. Click the Drawing window. the top. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Double-click to end 95 . We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. If needed. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. A breakout view is often a partial section. the left. 7. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Click the 3D part.

7. 7. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Once you are satisfied. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Click to position the left view. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Click next add any other view if required.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. views are by default linked to the parent view. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). the Top view. and right-click them. 7.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Left view and Right view). click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. At creation. 7. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Select the CATPart document. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. or all views in the drawing.18 Scaling a View 96 . Bottom view. From the contextual menu. Click the Drawing window. select Selected objects -> isolate. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view.

select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. right-click the detail view. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. The detail view is updated. you can pre-define the position. Before positioning the Bill of Material. In this particular case. If needed. section views and section cuts. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. double-click the front view. 7. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. or parts list. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon .21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. Balloons generated 7.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. 7. For modifying the detail and section callout. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. Click OK. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. if you are in the background view. In this case. This Bill of Material. go to Product Structure workbench. This view is now active. 97 . multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar.

distance. Right-click the pattern to be modified. distance The dimensions below: 98 . only sketched constraints are generated. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. the section view is automatically updated. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. radius. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. 7. 2. 3. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. Then click OK in this Pattern table. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. diameter Angle.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. For example. On the view for which the dimension are generated. Drag one of the element components to the desired location.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. Double-click the callout to be modified. On views including more dimensions. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. 7. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. 4. On the view with a bigger scale.

Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. by default.23. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). dimensions are generated on all the views.23. length. In the case of drawings with several views. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. Click OK to close the dialog box.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. 7. radius and diameter. angle. there is only one) is automatically displayed. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. to start the dimension generation. Dimensions 99 . Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7.

Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). no leader will be created. the anchor point will be a small balloon. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. not generated. Enter the desired character string. The geometrical tolerance is created. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). If you select a dimension or a text.Click the Not Generated option . Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. 7. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. The datum feature is created. on the contrary. if needed. Select an element (geometry. 100 . You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. This task will show you how to create a datum feature.24 Creating a Datum Feature . Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. If you select an element. If you select a point in the free space. the anchor point will be an arrow. Click OK. Click OK when you're done. dimension. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location.

You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it.7. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.26. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. A red frame appears. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end).2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. If needed. balloon and datum target. size. Text properties can be applied to text. 7. Set the properties of a text. text with leader.26 Annotations 7. and select Text Properties. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Choose View -> Toolbars. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. dimension text. justification. such as font style. 101 . etc.26. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text.

the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. Click OK. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar.26. 7. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Ra=1. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. Click OK. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. You can enter another string or value as needed. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation.26. For example.26. On this CATProduct document. 102 . Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Enter values in the desired field(s). Go over one of the part with your cursor. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar).6. Open any CATProduct document. Select an element. If needed.7.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol.

The welding symbol is created. and then click to validate.26. 7. 7. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. In this table. If needed. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. Click OK. merges cells. The welding leader will appear. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. If needed. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Select the two elements. invert columns. Click OK. invert lines. You can also split a table. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. 7. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. import a table. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. insert columns. switch lines and columns. Click the icon to launch the command. you can add text. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. modify the geometry-welding symbol. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol.7.26.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position.27 Editing Properties 103 . Click ok to validate the creation.26. rows. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. and insert a view in a table. and insert views. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols.

edit annotation font properties. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Choose the View tab. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Center line. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 .This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Among other things. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. if needed. you can create a formula for the view name. 3D Points. Dress up: Hidden lines. no more modification allowed in the view. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Choose your options. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Thread. 3D spec. Axis. Lock view: if you check this option. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Fillets. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Scale: the scale of the view. Click the Graphic Tab. dress-up elements. if needed. Click OK. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Lines and Curves option. 3D Colors. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. 3D Wireframe. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened.

edit dimension text properties. 105 . Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. or leader). The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. The Options dialog box appears. In other words. Select the Tools->Options command. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. 7. edit dimension value properties. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. if needed.then select the Edit-> Properties command. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. Grid: To define your grid. Modify the available options. click the Font tab. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. if needed. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. frame. In the Properties dialog box that appears. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. The associated panel is displayed. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. Modify the available options. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened.

following it dynamically during the creation process. Select the Dimension tab in Options. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. View axis: When you activate a view. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. In addition. when you update the drawing. As a result. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. the dimension is automatically re-computed. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. To activate this mode. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. select this option and then click the Types and colors button.

Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. perpendicularity and tangency. Alignment. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Apply 3D specification. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. 3D colors inheritance. Generate threads. Generate fillet. Horizontality and verticality. Filters before generation. either or not using SmartPick. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Hidden lines. if a component is used two times within a product. Select the Geometry tab. Select the Generation tab. or still adding constraints to this geometry. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Analysis after generation. Automatic positioning after generation. then the balloon will be generated twice. 107 . a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Allow automatic transfer between views.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. end points included. Project 3D wireframe. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. View tab): Generate axis. Parallelism. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Properties option. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Generate centerlines. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Project 3D points.

New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Select the Layout tab. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. Constraint diagnostics. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. you can define that you want or not the view name. As a result. the sketch. scaling factor or frame to appear. This element is used as positioning reference. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. It is not used for creating solid primitives.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. For this before callout creation check this option. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. and only visualized by. f)Annotations 108 . Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. the following dialog box appears. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets.

press the shift key. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. It is now possible to customize the settings. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved.. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. 109 . 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Select the Annotation tab.. Select the Edit->Links command. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. command. according to the orientation. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. Press OK. 7. Activate the settings. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Press OK.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. no matter what the view scale is. as you will choose to load the referenced document. or both. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart.You can customize given options when creating annotations. In this particular case. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping.

Create Detected Constraints. Snap to Point. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab).8. View. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. 8. if needed.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. True Length Dimension 8. Create Constraints. Force Dimension on Element. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet.2 Creating Views 110 . Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. To modify these colors. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View.

Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. modified in this dialog box. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. you can create: a top view. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric).3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. a left view and a right view. by double-clicking on this view. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. A blue axis displays in a red frame. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. In other words. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Click the New View icon . You can now create 2D geometry in this view. For this. a bottom view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. For example. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. In other words.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. In this case.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. 8. 8. Right-click the view used as reference. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Press OK. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. This is true for any kind of view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. double-click on this isometric view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. Press OK. dimensions. Click the Drawing window. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. From an active front view. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active.

circle. You will first add elements to an existing view. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Select more elements to be projected. At any time. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. curve). in another view. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. In this case. Select.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. Add elements to an existing view. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. the object to be projected. using the ObjectAction mode. select an arc of a circle in the front view. In this case. using the Action-Object mode. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. 112 . if needed. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. and then transformed into the receiving view. using the Action-Object mode. select a circle in the top view. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. ellipse. parabola. 8. hyperbola.

Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar.Create an isometric view from scratch. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. select the whole front view. Make the isometric view active (double-click). 113 . In this case. Select the object defining the view to be created. using the Object-Action mode. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view.

The frame can only be rectangular.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. In the Visualization and Behavior area. a configuration. Select the view and right-click the view frame. In the contextual menu. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. isometric views. etc. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame.8. a mode: measured or constraining mode. You can reframe any type of view: front views.6 Reframing a View In this task. 8. details views. Click the View tab. If you want constraints to be created. Click on the frame to select it. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . Click OK. select the Visual Clipping check box. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. choose Properties. as you want. a distance constraint. clipping views. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it.

In other words.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . these relations will be taken into account. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. you can preview the dimensions to be created. you can only create constraints between similar elements.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. On the Dimensioning toolbar. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. or between generated elements. 8. In other words. When creating dimensions on elements. The software proposes you parallelism by default.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. click a second element in the view. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. click in the drawing. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. If you choose this constraint. 8. 8. If needed.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. click the Dimensions icon. Click a first element in the view. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. but not between a mix of these. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. you will learn how to create dimensions. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element.

Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. 8. Red end points appear. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. Click to validate the dimension creation. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. you can also access the Properties options.toolbar). To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. 8. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Select the reference line. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. i. If you right-click the dimension before creation. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. Select the dimension. and then the second element. Select a circle. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. click the centerline.e. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. 116 .12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements.

Select the Thread type option from the Dress . Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. generated elements. part-generated elements. Click the Drawing window. In the Pattern dialog box. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. Click the Drawing window. dotting or coloring). from the (Tools toolbar). Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). In the Graphic Properties toolbar. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select two lines. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. The axis line is created. part-sketched. Select the Reference Thread type option line. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. you will apply a thread to a hole. The thread is created. The thread is created according to this reference. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). . The axes and centerlines are created. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. Click the Drawing window. The Tap type option activated by default. In this particular case.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Click the Drawing window. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements.

A contextual menu appears. Click the Drawing window.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. you can drag it to change the arrow path. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). Select Add a Breakpoint. 118 . under the line. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. The arrow and the selected object are associative. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. The Area Detection dialog box appears. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. To modify the position of the arrow. which represents the fillet edge. The arrow is created. For the purpose of this exercise. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern.

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