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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . and costs are generally lower. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. not just that of exterior. 1. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. Moreover. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. and are less expensive. cost. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. For that we need level three: SM systems. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. and flexibility. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part.Generally. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well.
8 . surface area. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. centre of gravity. 1. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. weight.systems to handle architectural problems. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. By its nature. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. DESIGN.4 LAYOUTS. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. rather than a part of engineering. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. so mass properties (volume. or on the surface of the object in question. to be sure. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. In this way. 1. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. 1. outside.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves.
Without solids. automation of process planning is also impossible. it remains a challenge. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. 2. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. To do this from the 3D. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. you can set constraints between geometrical elements.1. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. Once created. or select a planar surface. if you need for more complex sketches 2.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. With solid.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. and then select Edit. but one that can be surmounted. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. 9 .e. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.
on some occasions. i. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. . In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Snap to Point If activated.2. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. Construction elements 10 . 2.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements.e. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. in which you specify the reference plane. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes.
OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. uses edges. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. As a result.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. the sketch. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. graphically speaking. 11 . Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. These elements are used as positioning references. 2. and only visualized by. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. These elements cannot be modified. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements.
which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. SmartPick will return information via symbols. two or three elements. .5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. on a point. at the extremity point of a curve. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. at the intersection point of two curves. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. using coordinates. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). at the midpoint of a line. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. all over a curve. Using SmartPick. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. The constraints are in priority dimensional.6 Creating Constraints 2.6. any of the above cases possibly combined together. whenever possible. According to the various active options. the 2.
Select a second element. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. These constraints are in priority: concentricity.6. For editing. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. they are checked in the dialog box. Horizontal. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Parallelism or Perpendicular). 2. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. Fix. Angle. the application displays it in green. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. 2. Coincidence.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. double-click the constraint you wish to edit.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. coincidence and tangency. Once the profile is fully constrained. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact.6. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. Select the profile to be constrained. If constraints already exist. by default. Select a first element. This constraint can be created between either two elements. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. 13 .6. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. You can either select the geometry or the command first.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. 2.
Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs.2. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. 14 . Click to create the oriented rectangle.
(ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. two centers & two radii. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . You are going to define the (i) circle center.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click to create the parallelogram. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.
Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click three elements. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. m) Creating an Arc 16 . Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar).Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. By default. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. circle centers appear on the sketch. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle.
Double-click to end the spline. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. a) The arc center point. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). end. To create a Parabola click the focus. Clicking another command ends the spline too. There are three possibilities. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. end.start. s) Creating a Conic 17 . The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. center and apex.It shows how to create an arc. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). c) Through three points –start. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. middle. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. To create a hyperbola click the focus. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. start point and end point. b) Through three points . and then the hyperbola two extremity points. middle. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar.
As a result. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). x) Creating an Axis 18 . a parabola or a hyperbola. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. one after the other. Click the line first point (first point). To edit. Click two points on the two existing lines. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. if needed. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. you will create one of the following: an ellipse.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. in accordance with both points previously clicked. a circle. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar).
Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. In this task. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . 2. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Select a first line (or an axis). Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. of course you can create this point manually. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.This task shows how to create an axis. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Select a second line (or an axis). Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram.
You can create rounded corners between curves. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. Select the two lines. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The second line is also highlighted.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Select the two curves. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Create two intersecting lines. Length1/Angle. the first or none of the elements. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the two lines. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Select the first line. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). . Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Trim All / First / No element. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Length1/Length2.
Rubber out. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. 21 from the Sketch tools . Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Create a three points arc. Select one or more elements to be relimited. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). a three point arc. The arc will now be closed. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. For example. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. a construction line or an axis. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the line to be broken. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. and Break. These options are Rubber In.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. The line is now composed of two movable segments. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar).
enter a precise value for the translation length. Select the geometry to be rotated. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Here. In other words. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . if needed. multi-select the entire profile. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click the rotation center point.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select or click a point to define an angle. The duplicate mode is activated by default. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Enter the number of copies you need. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Multi-selection is not available. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the element(s) to be translated. De-activate the Duplicate mode. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box.
You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. Both lines are parallel. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. If the line is not already selected. The line to be created appears. select it. the line to be created appears immediately. These projections are yellow. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. arc or circle. by creating several offset instances. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. These 23 . Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. Select the surface. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the face of interest. The intersection is yellow. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The selected line is duplicated. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). There are two possibilities.
you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. Graduations.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. It indicates the overall 24 . You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. 2. In other words. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. You can now sketch the required profile. and then click Sketcher.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. in the Tools toolbar. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. Position sketch plane parallel to screen.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. 2. The Sketcher tab appears. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. Expand the Mechanical Design option. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Primary spacing. The Options dialog box appears. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. 2. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly.
You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. c) specific toolbars.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. which is fully integrated into Part Design. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. Actually. from simple to advance. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. offers a highly productive. This application. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. 3. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. The New dialog box is displayed. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. 25 . To open it.3. b) the geometry area.
Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. 26 .2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. The Line Definition dialog box appears.2. 3.3. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. ellipse.2. Between: Creating point between two other points.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. 3. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Y. . Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears.
27 .3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Some operations consist in adding material. and Remove Loft. Click the Plane icon . Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Once you have defined the plane.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench.2. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. 3. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Rib.Regardless of the line type. Pocket. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Loft. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Shaft. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. In this section. Slot. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Groove. others in removing material. it is represented by a red square symbol.
Up to Plane. if you extrude a profile.3. By default. Just click the More button and define the second limit. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Up to Surface. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next .3. 3. the application specifies the length of your pad. You will notice that by default. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. For each of them. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. 28 . The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.3. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded.Up to Last. If you wish to define another length for this direction. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion.
if you extrude a profile. Double-click Pocket to edit it. using different length values. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. up to plane. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Click OK to create the pocket.3. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. The specification tree indicates this creation. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . set the Type parameter to Dimension. Note 29 . up to surface. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. 3. Alternatively. Select the profile to be extruded. To define a specific depth. By default. To specify another direction.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this.3. Click the Pocket icon . Optionally click Preview to see the result. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. up to last. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.3.
Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. and click Preview to see the result. you do not have to select the axis. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Select the open profile. If needed. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle.3. Enter Thickness2 's value. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. The profile is previewed in dotted line. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles.3. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The method described here is also valid for pockets.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. Alternatively. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. For each of them. You need an open or closed profile. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. 3. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. Once you have done your modifications. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. 3. Consequently. For the purposes of our scenario.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Enter Thickness1 's value. select LIM1 or 30 .5 Thin Solids When creating pads. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. pockets and stiffeners. and click Preview to see the result. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. Click the Shaft icon .
You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. Click the Groove icon .7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. you do not have to select the axis. This task shows you how to create a groove. Consequently. Click OK to confirm. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The specification tree mentions it has been created. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.3. If needed. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. Select the profile. The shaft is created. 3. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. Click Preview to see the result. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Click OK to confirm the 31 . the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. For the purposes of our scenario.
9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 .3. you need a center curve. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. To define a rib.3. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. CATIA removes material around the cylinder.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. 3.operation. you can enter the values of your choice. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. To define a thread. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. By default. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.3. but you can use standard values. 3. 3. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole.
You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Click the Rib icon . Select the profile you wish to sweep. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. To create Rib. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. New options are then available. The application now previews the rib to be created. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. 3. To define this direction. you can select a plane or an edge. It should be a closed profile. The rib is created. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch.element or a pulling direction. it can be discontinuous in tangency. The specification tree mentions this creation. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed.11 Slot 33 . Click OK.3. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar.2.
These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Click the Loft icon . a planar profile. Select the three section curves. By default. you need a center curve. Click the Slot icon . Tangency. It is closed.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. the application computes a spine. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. To define a slot. The feature (identified as Loft. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Vertices. Tangency then curvature.3. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. 34 . Reference surface. Select the profile. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Click OK to create the volume.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. 3. They are highlighted in the geometry area. The resulting feature is a closed volume. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. You can note that by default. Pulling direction.
Select the profile to be extruded. . the application computes a spine.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions.3. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. 3.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. By default. The feature (identified as Loft.3. If you need to use an open profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Remove Loft icon . Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.3. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. Click OK to create the lofted surface. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.
Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. Click the Edge Fillet icon . depending on the radius value you specified. If you set the Tangency mode.4. Check the Neutral Fiber option. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. The stiffener is created. 3. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Conversely. Click OK.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. 36 . With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. Tangency. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. When filleting an edge. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. you can then trim the fillets to be created.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. The specification tree indicates it has been created. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. CATIA displays the radius value. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. Select the edges. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane.
4. The faces are filleted. Instead of entering a radius value. Select the face to be removed.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. Click OK. The specification tree indicates this creation. Select the faces to be filleted. 3. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. Click OK. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Select the faces to be filleted. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Click OK. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. the application chamfers its edges.4. 3.4.3. Depending on the curve's shape. 3.4. The fillet will be tangent to this face.5 Basic Draft 37 .
Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. Parting element: this plane. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. you then can also check the option Draft both sides.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. This element will remain the same during the draft. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Click OK.4.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. If Keep Parting =Neutral. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. 3. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined.
Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. Enter the Default inside thickness field.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Click the Shell icon . click the Points field. You can add as many points as you wish. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . To add a point on the edge. Select the face to be drafted. Select the face to be removed. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. Click OK.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Select face as the neutral element. Click OK to confirm. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. 3.4. Select the face. 3. 3. Enter an angle value in the Angle field.4. The reflect line is moved accordingly.9 Thickness 39 . To edit the other angle value. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . The feature is shelled.4. This line is used to support the drafted faces. indicating the default pulling direction. The selected face becomes purple.
The application previews the thread. Enter a positive value. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. This creation appears in the specification tree. Click OK to confirm. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Y.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Click the Thread/Tap icon . Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. pitch value. Select the upper face as the limit face.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. but the thread (identified as Thread. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Enter the thread depth. Click OK. 40 . The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Click the Thickness icon . There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area.xxx) is added to the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. The part is thickened accordingly.5. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction.4. Select the faces to thicken. Click Preview. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. You can also specify the direction by means of X. Check the Left-Threaded option. Click the Translate icon .5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. This task shows you how to translate a body. 3. Click OK to create the translated element. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. 3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. The element (identified as Translate. Limit faces must be planar.
Select an edge as the rotation axis. The command applies to current bodies.5. The new element (identified as Symmetry. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. 3.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. Enter a value for the rotation angle.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select a point.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . Click OK to confirm the operation.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click the Rotate icon . You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The element (identified as Rotate. The pads are mirrored. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Click the Symmetry icon . The element is rotated. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.5. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the rotated element. line or plane as reference element.3. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5. Click the Mirror icon . The application previews the material to be created.5. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. 3.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. 3. The specification tree mentions this creation. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.
These parameters are: Instances & total angle. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. The feature "RectPattern. If needed. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Now.5. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. circular and user patterns. Patterns let you do so.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. 42 . Spacing & Length. Click OK. Defining the spacing along the grid. Instances & angular spacing. complete crown. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Angular spacing & total angle. Select the feature you wish to copy. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. These features accelerate the creation process.This is the resulting pattern. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Instances & Spacing. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Click the Circular Pattern icon . The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied.
Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. These points are created in the Sketch.6 Measuring 3. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. This axis will be normal to the face. The specification tree indicates this creation. Click OK.5.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. The body is scaled. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Now. To do so. The pad will be repeated seven times. Select the body to be scaled. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. Click Preview. One more ring of pads will be added.6. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify.5. 3. click the Crown Definition tab. you can select an edge or a planar face. To define a direction. Click OK. you are going to add a crown to your part. The feature appears in the Object field. Click the Scaling icon . 3. 3. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Click the User Pattern icon . Click OK. Select the reference point located on the body. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.
icon in the Definition box. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. or an entire product (selection 2). The Measure Item dialog box appears. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Click the Measure Item icon. surfaces. This command lets you choose the selection mode. or an entire product (selection 1). Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. Click to select another surface. edge or vertex. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points.6. edges. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. edges. vertices and entire products) or between points. If exact values cannot be measured.). Switch to Design Mode. The Measure Between dialog box appears. By default. Click the Measure Between icon. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. Click to select a surface. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. edges. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box.6. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). 3. surfaces and entire products). 3. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. etc. edge or vertex.3 Measuring Inertia 44 .
The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. 45 . density. geometry or assembly. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. indicating the splitting element. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. Click OK. The area. Select the splitting surface. you must select the desired sub-product. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. the dialog box also gives the area. In addition to the center of gravity G. The body is split.7. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window.7 Surface-Based Features 3. volume (volumes only).This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. 3. The measure is made on the selection. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. Material has been removed. density and mass of the selected item.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. Click the Measure Inertia icon. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. face or surface. you can click it to reverse the direction. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. Click the Split icon .
2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. Select the object you wish to thicken. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. 46 . Click OK.INITIAL 3.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click the Close Surface icon . that is the extrude element.7.7. just click it. Click OK. If you need to reverse the arrow. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. In the geometry area. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Thick Surface icon . The surface is closed . INITIAL 3. Select the surface to be closed. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The surface is thickened.
7. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. The surface is sewn onto the body. indicating the object to be sewn. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. Some material has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 47 .4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body.INITIAL FINAL 3. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. Click the Sew Surface icon . An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Click OK.
you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body.x" in the specification tree. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. 3. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. Assembling Bodies. 3. By default. Click the Insert Body icon. It is underlined.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Now. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications.3. You will notice that Part Body and Body. material has been added. To assemble them. INITIAL 48 .x are autonomous. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Removing Bodies.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. When your part includes several bodies. The result is immediate. This is your new Part Body. Trimming Bodies. indicating that it is the active body.8. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. During the operation. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. Intersecting Bodies. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. if you wish to combine them.8. Click OK to confirm. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. It allows you to create complex geometry.
Click the Add icon .3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. Adding a body to another one means uniting them. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .8. By default. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.FINAL 3.
Click OK.Part Body. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.1 has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 50 .
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies..9. External References. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. Update. When selecting a sketch as 54 .. The Options dialog box is displayed.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. The tab appears.. copied elements for example. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. containing three categories of options: External References.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. which means that if they are shared by other features.This task shows you how to set general settings. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. command Click the Infrastructure category. 4.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. Select the Tools -> Options.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. then Display tab.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. The General tab appears. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. Update. Click the Infrastructure category.. Select the Tools -> Options command. 3. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Geometry. you just need to use the Isolate command. and their origins when you are editing these elements. they will not be deleted.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. and Delete Operation. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. Delete Operation . When creating a geometric element. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. you often need to select other elements as inputs. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.
3 Creating Polylines 55 . Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Define the number or points to be created (instances field).2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. 4. Select a curve or a Point on curve. 4. Click OK to create the planes. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . 4. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. depending on the feature you are creating. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. The Planes Between dialog box appears.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. some restrictions apply. If you check the with end points option. in only one operation. Click the Planes Repetition icon .the input element.
These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Two points and radius. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc.Tritangent.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. 56 . Enter a Radius value. Click the Circle icon . Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. The circle (identified as Circle. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Click the Polyline icon .This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Center and point. Bitangent and point . Enter all input as specified. Three points. Bitangent and radius . The Circle Definition dialog box appears. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears.
Remove the selected point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. 57 . and select a support. Add a point before the selected point. You can select the Geometry on support check box. The Spline Definition dialog box appears.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. Click the Spline icon .4. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. Replace the selected point by another point.
58 . 4. Orientation. Several solutions may be possible. The corner will be created between these two references. Starting Angle. Select a starting point and an axis. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Taper Angle. such as coils and springs for example. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Click the Helix icon . so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution.4. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Height. Click OK to create the helix. Enter a Radius value.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The reference elements must lie on this support. Click the Corner icon . The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Click OK to create the corner.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Profile. Set the helix parameters: Pitch.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Select the Support surface. Select two curves as reference element.
4. that is a in 2D plane. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. along the Reference direction. Click the Connect Curve icon . that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is the distance from the Center point.Define the spiral's Orientation.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Specify the Start radius value. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Click the Spiral icon . when the spiral is defined by an angle. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. Click OK to create the connect curve. Tangency or Curvature.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. 4. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed.
that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. Click OK to create the projection element. hyperbolas or ellipses. Click the Projection icon . The projection is added to the specification tree. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. 4.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. Select the Support element. passing points or tangents. The projection may be normal or along a direction.4. You can select several elements to be projected. 60 .11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. Select the element to be projected. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Click the Conic icon .
The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Avoid using input elements. This element (identified as Intersect. Click OK to create the intersection element.Fill in the conic curve parameters. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. Point. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. Click the Intersection icon . A Contour.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements.) 4. Select the two elements to be intersected. 61 . The intersection is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. lines. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. A Face. etc.
lofting and sweeping. Click the Extrude icon .13. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. 62 . Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Geometry with no history is called a datum.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction.4. Click OK to create the surface. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. 4.
Click the Revolve icon . an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . 4.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. The spherical surface is based on a center point. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. and angular limits.13. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis.13. Click OK to create the surface.4. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.
Click Apply to previews the offset surface. 4. Select the surface to be offset. 4. Click OK to create the surfaces.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. Select the center point of the sphere. one on each side of the reference surface. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. along 64 .13. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Click the Offset icon .4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears.dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the surface. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Click Apply to preview the surface.13. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.
You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The five possible cases are Two limits. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. Click the Explicit profile icon. Click the Sweep icon . This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. If needed. select a Second Guide. Click the Circle icon. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. Click the Sweep icon . Limit and middle. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. In the Smooth sweeping section. With draft direction. Click OK to create the swept surface. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. The surface (identified as Sweep. If no spine is selected. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. Click the Line profile icon.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. With reference surface. With reference curve. If needed. then use the combo to choose the subtype. select a Spine. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. 65 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. you can select a reference Surface. With tangency surface. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. Select a Guide curve. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. Click the Sweep icon .
4. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.13. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Select one or two section curves. Click the Conic icon. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The surface (identified as Sweep. Add a new element after or before the selected one. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Five guides.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. Three guides.13. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Sweep icon . Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Click OK to create the swept surface. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. the results may be inconsistent. Remove the selected element. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. hyperbolas or ellipses. such as parabolas. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Fill icon . This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. and enter a radius value. Replace the selected element by another curve. 4. Select a passing point. Two guides. Select guide curves.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. If not.xxx) is added to the specification tree. If 66 . Four guides. Click the Loft icon . This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. Click OK to create the fill surface.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
Select the cutting element. then the second curve and its support. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. translating and rotating. The Split Definition dialog box appears. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. The surface (identified as Blend. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. 4. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Click the Blend icon . In the Spine tab page. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. 4. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. such as tension. Click OK. and so forth. None.needed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. Tangency. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. You can select several cutting elements. End extremity. Click OK to create the lofted surface. or on none.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Several coupling types are available. 67 . note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. select one or more guide curves. on both. Select the element to be split. Click the Split icon . taking a number of constraints into account. A preview of the split appears. In that case. only on the End section.13. Vertices.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. continuity.14. 4. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. Start extremity. Tangency then curvature. Successively select the first curve and its support.
Click the Trim icon .14.xxx element in the specification tree. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. In that case it appears as a separate Split.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements.xxx) is added to the specification tree.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. Click OK to split the element. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. 68 . A preview of the trimmed element appears. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. 4. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. The trimmed element (identified as Trim.
The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type.).14. The extracted element (identified as Extract. Click the Boundary icon . solids. No propagation. The selected element is highlighted. Click the Extract icon .14. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity.xxx) is added to the specification tree. a point on the curve for example. 4. Click OK to extract the element. Click OK to create the boundary curve. without deleting the initial element. points. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. or Tangent continuity. Select an edge or the face of an element.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements.4. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. and so forth. 69 . The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. Select a Surface edge. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.
Select the element to be rotated. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. point.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Select the Vector Definition. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click OK to create the translated element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4. 4.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click OK to create the scaled element. Click the Affinity icon . 4. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.14. Click the Translate icon . or more. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the rotated element. The element (identified as Translate . line or surface element. plane or planar surface. Click the Symmetry icon . Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Click the Scaling icon .14. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be translated. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.14. Select a point.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. line or plane as reference element. 4.14. Select the element to be transformed by scaling.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Click OK.4. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces.14. Select the scaling reference point. Click the Rotate icon . Select a line as the rotation axis.
Click OK to create the affinity element.operation. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Select a surface Boundary. Click the Join icon.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X.14. Other options available are Simplify the result. federation. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. 4. 4. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature.14. Select the surface to be Extrapolated.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Click the Extrapolate icon . Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Merging distance. 71 . Y. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Sub-Elements To Remove. Ignore erroneous elements. Z values. Angle Tolerance.
The surface (identified as Heal. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. From the Parameters tab. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. and selecting one or more edges. Click the Healing icon.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. you can retain sharp edges. 72 . Select the surfaces to be healed. Click OK in the dialog box.4. 4.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. A progression bar is displayed. while the surface is restored.14.14. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. Select the surface which limits should be restored. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. Provided the Tangent mode is active.xxx) is added to the specification tree. by clicking the Sharpness tab. You can also set the Distance objective. Select the surface which limits should be restored. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle.
and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. manual update.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4.14. 73 . Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. The selected element is disassembled. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. Click OK in the dialog box. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. To warn you that an update is needed. while the surface is being disassembled. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. that can be manipulated independently. A progression bar indicates the . Select the curve to be smoothed. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. and type of discontinuity (point. Select the element to be disassembled.14. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. To update the part. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). i.4. the application provides two update modes: automatic update.e. To update a part. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. fill the gaps.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. A resulting element can be made of several cells. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. that is to say independent elements are created. A progression bar is displayed.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. Click the Curve Smooth icon . in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. 4.
The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. CATIA displays this new Open_body.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. In the specification tree. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. The Change Body dialog box appears.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. This involves. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . 4. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. select the branch of your choice. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. inserting open body entities. indicating that it is the active open body. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . 4. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. It is underlined. The result is immediate. in the specification tree. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu.4.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. removing open body entities and changing body. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates.x. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies.
The point (identified as Extremum. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Set the correct options: Max. 5. or a pad. if it was hidden. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. when combined with other products such as Part Design. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. The open body or it’s content is hidden. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. edges or faces). Click the Extremum icon . 5. Select a curve. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . or becomes visible. Click OK. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. if it was visible. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. according to given directions. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. 5.command. Min.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. a surface.
The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. or filleted surfaces. on a planar contour. Click OK. the results can be: Min radius. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The spine is displayed.xxx).3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Click Preview. Select the supporting surface of the contour. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. 5. Max radius. Click OK to create the extremum point. You can also select a start point. Max angle. Depending on the selected computation type. 76 . Min angle. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Click the Polar Extremum icon . Click Preview. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. lofted. a point in this case. Click OK to create the spine. is added to the specification tree. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. This task shows how to create a spine. Successively select planes.
that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. The combine (identified as Combine. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Click the Parallel Curve icon . 5. select the support surface and a direction. Select the reference Curve to be offset. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Combine icon . The Combine Definition dialog box appears.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Key in an angle. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Click OK to create the element.5.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. whether closed or open.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Successively select the two curves to be combined.
The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . Select points on guide to add other sections. When designing the profile to be swept. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options.5. The Reference surface is optional. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Select the Guiding curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. The Options dialog box is displayed. The General tab displays. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. 5. Assembly Design 78 . The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Select the Tools -> Options command. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. 6. Click Preview to preview the swept surface.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section.
Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. 6.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. The Assembly Design workbench is opened.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.2. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. The structure of your assembly now 79 .2.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. To create an assembly. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. The Product2 (Product2. 6. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.3 Inserting a New Part icon. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. 6.1) is created in the .2.1). In the specification tree. you need products. In the specification tree. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. You can use parts to create products. 6. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar.2 Inserting a Components 6.
Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. The application previews the location of the new components.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. The operation is very simple. 6. Click OK to create the components. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . However. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . Select the component you wish to instantiate. you should keep in mind the 80 . indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. select Product1 and click the New Part icon .This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. check x-axis. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. 6. In the specification tree. To define the direction of creation. on another component for example. The result is immediate.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. If geometry exists in the assembly. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. 6. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly.
Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Select the face to be constrained. indicating orientations. The selected component is orange framed (default color). The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. 6.5. As the contact constraint is created. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Click the Contact Constraint icon . one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. The components involved and their status are indicated. Select the second face to be constrained. Depending on the selected elements.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). 6. Double-clicking activates it.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Select the faces to be constrained. coaxiality or coplanarity.5. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Green graphic symbols are 81 . You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. you may obtain concentricity. Same. opposite.
Click OK to create the offset constraint. which means setting an absolute position. In the dialog box that appears. you will have to define an angle value. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). 6. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. This operation is referred to as "Fix". Click the Angle Constraint icon . Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . When setting an angle constraint. This constraint is added to the specification tree. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". which means setting a relative position. you need to specify how faces should be oriented.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. The components involved and their status are indicated.5.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Select the faces to be constrained. The constraint is created. Click the Offset Constraint icon . click More to expand the dialog box. Select the faces to be constrained. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Keep the Angle option. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. By fixing its position according to other components.5. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. Click OK to create the angle component. 6. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. 82 . The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. 6. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Select the component to be fixed. that is the light blue .5. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint.
not necessarily in the active component. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. displaying the list of selected components.5. Click the Fix Together icon . Click OK to validate the operation. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. Coincidence. Select the new type of constraint. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Moving one of them moves the other one too. Select the two entities to be constrained.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list.5. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. The Fix Together dialog box appears. You can select as many components as you wish. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. Angle and Parallelism. The first constraint in the list can now be set. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Select the constraint to be changed. In the Name field.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Click OK. Offset. Move the fixed component. Click OK to confirm.5. The components are attached to each other. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Click the Change Constraint icon . The Change Type dialog box that appears. 6. 6.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. You can select any constraints. 6. 83 . This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. but they must belong to the active component. displays all possible constraints. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon .
6. Using no associativity: the option is off. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated.5.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command.6. The constraint is deactivated.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. To do so. cut & paste the original component. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. indicating they need an update. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . create a new instance. The constraints are in black. 6. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. 84 . The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. Click the Update icon whole assembly. The default color is black. The assembly is updated. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. Select any activated constraint. Select the Tools -> Options command.
Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components.8.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component.1" is displayed below this entity. you will obtain different results. The third row is reserved for rotations. Depending on the selected elements. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse.8.xx" is displayed in the tree. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.8 Moving Components 6. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. y or z-axis. You can rotate your component around the x. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. 6. 6. "Reused Rectangular Pattern.Click OK to repeat the second component. If you use the option "generated constraints". 85 . yz and xz planes. You can move your component along the x. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.
The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. A Preview window. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. showing the generated section. edge. Click the Sectioning icon. The section plane is automatically created. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. it creates constraints. move and rotate the section plane. 86 . Z. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. invert the normal vector of the plane. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The point is projected onto the line.8. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. Both lines become collinear.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. also appears. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. Optionally. reference plane or cylinder axis). The plane passes through the line. 6. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. The point is projected onto the plane. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. The line is projected onto the plane. 6.
Add. which in turn must contain one part at least. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". keep in mind the following. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. graphical attributes. Click Ok to end the scene creation. 6. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. the "show" or "hide" state of the components.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action.6. Hole. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. click them to reverse the direction.10. double-click 'Assembly Split. the graphical attributes of the components. show-no show. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Perform the required modifications. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Click OK to confirm. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. To edit an assembly split. If the arrows point in the wrong direction.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. Click the Create Scene icon . You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. 6. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. The active product at least must include two components. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Remove. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 .X' in assembly features available in history tree.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. Pocket. Within a scene. For instance modify: viewpoint. Perform a Symmetry.
keep the selection as it is. Keep All levels set by default. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. 6. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Inside one selection. Selection against all. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact.they were in the initial product. Click Apply to check for interferences. Click Apply to perform the operation. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Set the explode type. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Four computation types are available: Between all components.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. 88 . Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Keep it. 3D is the default type. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. 6. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. if necessary. Between two selections. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Click the Explode icon .
Click the Infrastructure category.6. displaying the following options: Update.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options.14. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Click the Mechanical Design category.14. The General tab appears. Update and Delete Operation 6. 6.. Move components. Access to geometry. containing three categories of options: External References. command. Quick Constraint. Click the Mechanical Design category.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. The General tab appears.14. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. 89 . then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Constraint Creation. Select Tools -> Options.. then the Assembly Design subcategory.
2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. as well as information on the drawing standards. interactive or generated views. Select the Drafting workbench. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created.7.. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. . modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views.. You may also add. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. 7. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. 7. Click OK. Select the 90 .1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. from the menu bar.
What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. Select the 1:1 scale. The non-active views are framed in blue. 7. From the New Drawing dialog box. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. 7. Even though you then delete sheet1. The active view is framed in red. and then click OK. The new sheet automatically appears. Select the orientation type. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting).Drawing workbench. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. or the A0 ISO format. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. If you click this view. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. and click OK. 91 . When you create a view. the view to be created is framed in green. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. select the ISO standard. until you click at the desired view location.
Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. Click on sheet to place front view. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). before the generated view(s) is/are updated. respectively. Right-click the frame of the view. As you move the cursor. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. a previewed projection 92 . 7. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). You can perform an update. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. 7. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Select object. Blue arrows appear. You can update all views or a selection of views. relatively to the front view previously generated. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Click the Drawing window.Start creating the front view. Any modification applied to the specifications. is detected.
and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). 7. 7. use Undo or Redo icons. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. at any time. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. 93 . you can. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click to position the auxiliary view. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. for example the right view position. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. This auxiliary view. In sectioning through irregular objects. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Click to position the callout. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. Click an edge on the view. together with the top view. Click the Drawing window. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). completely describes the object.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view.
and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). Click to generate the view. Click the Drawing window. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. You can modify this scale.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. the dialog is exactly the same. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. and click the Aligned Section Cut . Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. you will select the Clipping 94 . 7. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Click to generate the detail view. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). In this particular case.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Or. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . Click the Drawing window. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. 7. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click the Drawing window. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. Click the callout center. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar).7.
Click the Drawing window. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. Red zones appear. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. If needed. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. the right. Click the 3D part. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Click on the sheet.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. Click the Drawing window.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. the left. Click the first point of the breakout profile. translate the profile. the top. Double-click to end 95 . A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. 7. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. 7. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). A breakout view is often a partial section. as well as blue manipulators appear. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar).13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. 7.Profile View icon . Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar.
Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Left view and Right view). From the contextual menu. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Once you are satisfied.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. and right-click them. 7. Click the Drawing window. select Selected objects -> isolate.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). the Top view. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Click to position the left view. or all views in the drawing. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. 7. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. 7. Bottom view. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Click next add any other view if required. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. Select the CATPart document. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar).18 Scaling a View 96 . 7. At creation. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. views are by default linked to the parent view. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.
This Bill of Material. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. In this case. 7. If needed. This view is now active.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. Before positioning the Bill of Material. double-click the front view.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. In this particular case. section views and section cuts. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. 7.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. go to Product Structure workbench. Click OK. The detail view is updated. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. if you are in the background view. For modifying the detail and section callout. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. you can pre-define the position. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. or parts list. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Balloons generated 7. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon .21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. right-click the detail view. 97 .
Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. 2. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. Right-click the pattern to be modified.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. diameter Angle. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. distance The dimensions below: 98 . On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. radius. 7. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Double-click the callout to be modified. 7. On the view for which the dimension are generated.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. For example. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. the section view is automatically updated. Then click OK in this Pattern table. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. 4. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. only sketched constraints are generated.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. On the view with a bigger scale. 3. On views including more dimensions. distance. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative.
7. there is only one) is automatically displayed. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. radius and diameter.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. dimensions are generated on all the views. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. by default. to start the dimension generation. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. angle. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. length. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Only the following constraints can be generated: distance.23. Click OK to close the dialog box. In the case of drawings with several views. Dimensions 99 .1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part.23.
You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.24 Creating a Datum Feature . The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. 7. dimension. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Select an element (geometry. Enter the desired character string. no leader will be created. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. The datum feature is created. The geometrical tolerance is created. Click OK. 100 . not generated. the anchor point will be an arrow. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). on the contrary. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). If you select a point in the free space. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. if needed. If you select a dimension or a text. If you select an element. the anchor point will be a small balloon.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point).Click the Not Generated option . Click OK when you're done.
balloon and datum target. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. such as font style. text with leader.26.26 Annotations 7.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. A red frame appears. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. dimension text. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). 101 . Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location.26. Choose View -> Toolbars. If needed. etc.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element.7. justification. Text properties can be applied to text. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. and select Text Properties. size. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Set the properties of a text. 7. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.
Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). Open any CATProduct document. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Enter values in the desired field(s). The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. If needed.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Select an element. 102 . Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Click OK.26.7.26. For example. 7. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. On this CATProduct document. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. Click to define the balloon anchor point. 7. Go over one of the part with your cursor. You can enter another string or value as needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation.26. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar.6. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. Ra=1. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. Click OK.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar.
and then click to validate. you can add text. If needed. merges cells.27 Editing Properties 103 . and insert views. import a table. rows. The welding symbol is created. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. modify the geometry-welding symbol.7. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.26.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. Click the icon to launch the command. Click OK. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. Click ok to validate the creation. Click OK. Select the two elements. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. 7. 7. 7.26. The welding leader will appear. insert columns. invert columns. If needed.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. invert lines. You can also split a table. In this table. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. and insert a view in a table.26. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. switch lines and columns. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location.
Among other things. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). 3D Points. Choose your options. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. edit annotation font properties. Dress up: Hidden lines. Lock view: if you check this option. if needed. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Lines and Curves option. 3D Colors. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. dress-up elements. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. if needed. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Center line. Click the Graphic Tab. Axis. Fillets. you can create a formula for the view name. Right-click on the front view and select properties. no more modification allowed in the view. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Choose the View tab. Click OK. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Thread. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. 3D Wireframe. Scale: the scale of the view. 3D spec.
edit dimension text properties. click the Font tab. In the Properties dialog box that appears. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. Select the Tools->Options command. if needed. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. edit dimension value properties. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Grid: To define your grid. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. The associated panel is displayed. frame. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. Modify the available options. The Options dialog box appears.then select the Edit-> Properties command. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. if needed. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. Modify the available options. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. In other words. 105 . 7. or leader). This option is used to rotate text elements (text. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid.
Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. In addition. Select the Dimension tab in Options. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). you can define the value at which the dimension is created. To activate this mode. As a result. the dimension is automatically re-computed. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. you can choose to visualize the view axis. following it dynamically during the creation process. when you update the drawing. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. View axis: When you activate a view. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions.
Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. View tab): Generate axis. Project 3D wireframe. Select the Geometry tab. Horizontality and verticality. Alignment. Filters before generation. 3D colors inheritance. Properties option. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. end points included. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Generate centerlines.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Allow automatic transfer between views. 107 . The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. perpendicularity and tangency. Automatic positioning after generation. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Generate threads. Hidden lines. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . the Create detected constraints option is not available. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Apply 3D specification. either or not using SmartPick. Analysis after generation. Select the Generation tab. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. or still adding constraints to this geometry. and more and more relationships with existing elements. if a component is used two times within a product. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. then the balloon will be generated twice. Parallelism. Generate fillet. Project 3D points.
As a result. For this before callout creation check this option. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Constraint diagnostics. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. scaling factor or frame to appear. the sketch.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. and only visualized by. Select the Layout tab. This element is used as positioning reference. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. you can define that you want or not the view name. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. the following dialog box appears. f)Annotations 108 . SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry.
7. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Activate the settings. In this particular case. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. according to the orientation. Select the Edit->Links command. press the shift key. 109 . Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. command. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping.You can customize given options when creating annotations. as you will choose to load the referenced document. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. Select the Annotation tab. Press OK. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. no matter what the view scale is. It is now possible to customize the settings. or both. Press OK. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Make sure the specification tree actually appears..29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document..
click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Create Detected Constraints. 8. Create Constraints. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. Force Dimension on Element. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. True Length Dimension 8. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. View. To modify these colors.8.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid.2 Creating Views 110 . Snap to Point. if needed.
Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. A blue axis displays in a red frame. a bottom view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. 8. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. a left view and a right view. This is true for any kind of view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. Click the New View icon . dimensions. by double-clicking on this view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. For example. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. In this case. Click the Drawing window. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. For this.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. you can create: a top view. In other words.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Press OK. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Right-click the view used as reference. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. 8. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. From an active front view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. Press OK. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. In other words. double-click on this isometric view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). modified in this dialog box.
This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. 112 . parabola. You will first add elements to an existing view. Select more elements to be projected. select an arc of a circle in the front view. In this case. using the Action-Object mode. if needed. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. select a circle in the top view. Select. In this case. Add elements to an existing view. circle. hyperbola. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. in another view. the object to be projected. using the Action-Object mode. and then transformed into the receiving view. ellipse. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. using the ObjectAction mode. At any time. You will then create an isometric view from scratch.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. curve). Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. 8.
Create an isometric view from scratch. Select the object defining the view to be created. select the whole front view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. In this case. 113 . All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. using the Object-Action mode.
A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. Click OK. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. as you want. a configuration. isometric views. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. a mode: measured or constraining mode. clipping views. select the Visual Clipping check box. Click on the frame to select it. Click the View tab. You can reframe any type of view: front views. details views.6 Reframing a View In this task. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. a distance constraint. In the contextual menu. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. The frame can only be rectangular.8. choose Properties. etc. If you want constraints to be created. In the Visualization and Behavior area. Select the view and right-click the view frame. 8.
When creating dimensions on elements. If you choose this constraint. On the Dimensioning toolbar.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. If needed. you can preview the dimensions to be created. The software proposes you parallelism by default. 8. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. 8. you can only create constraints between similar elements.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar).constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. but not between a mix of these. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. click a second element in the view. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. Click a first element in the view. or between generated elements. these relations will be taken into account. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. In other words. you will learn how to create dimensions. In other words. click in the drawing. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. 8. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. click the Dimensions icon.
Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. and then the second element. you can also access the Properties options.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements.toolbar). 116 . Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created.e. Select a circle. Click to validate the dimension creation. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Red end points appear. Select the reference line. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. click the centerline. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select the dimension. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. 8. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. 8. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. i. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting.
You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. The axes and centerlines are created. Click the Drawing window. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. The axis line is created. In the Pattern dialog box. Click the Drawing window. In this particular case. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. The thread is created according to this reference. The Tap type option activated by default.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. part-sketched. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. you will apply a thread to a hole. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. part-generated elements. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . In the Graphic Properties toolbar. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. dotting or coloring). Select two lines. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). from the (Tools toolbar). The thread is created. Select the Reference Thread type option line. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). Click the Drawing window. . generated elements. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. Click the Drawing window. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines.
which represents the fillet edge. Click the Drawing window. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. To modify the position of the arrow. The arrow is created. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. Select Add a Breakpoint. For the purpose of this exercise. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. A contextual menu appears. The arrow and the selected object are associative.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. under the line. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. 118 . and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. you can drag it to change the arrow path. The Area Detection dialog box appears. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail).
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