INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

Moreover. and costs are generally lower. and are less expensive. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go.Generally. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. cost.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. For that we need level three: SM systems. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. and flexibility. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. not just that of exterior. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. 1. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests.

SM systems are now being used to design power plants. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. weight. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. 1. outside.systems to handle architectural problems.4 LAYOUTS. rather than a part of engineering. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. to be sure. By its nature. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. 1. DESIGN. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. or on the surface of the object in question. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. 8 . In this way. surface area. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. so mass properties (volume. centre of gravity. 1.

2. if you need for more complex sketches 2.e. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. or select a planar surface. but one that can be surmounted.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. automation of process planning is also impossible. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). Without solids. 9 . a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. Once created. With solid. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces.1. it remains a challenge.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. and then select Edit. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. To do this from the 3D. right-click the sketch in the specification tree.

Snap to Point If activated. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained).e. . i. in which you specify the reference plane. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. on some occasions. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. 2. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Construction elements 10 .2.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes.

These elements are used as positioning references. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. graphically speaking. and only visualized by. As a result. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. uses edges. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. 2.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. 11 . the sketch. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. These elements cannot be modified. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab).

Using SmartPick.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed.6. . The constraints are in priority dimensional. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. all over a curve. at the midpoint of a line. the 2. on a point. any of the above cases possibly combined together. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. using coordinates. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. whenever possible.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. at the extremity point of a curve. at the intersection point of two curves. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. two or three elements. According to the various active options.6 Creating Constraints 2. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. SmartPick will return information via symbols.

Select the profile to be constrained. the application displays it in green. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. coincidence and tangency. they are checked in the dialog box. 2. Click OK to constrain the sketch.6. Angle. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed.6. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. Horizontal. Coincidence. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Once the profile is fully constrained. Fix. For editing. 2. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. Select a first element. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. You can either select the geometry or the command first.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. This constraint can be created between either two elements. 13 . Select a second element. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. by default.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. If constraints already exist. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. Parallelism or Perpendicular).6.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. 2.

Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs.2. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. 14 . Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click to create the oriented rectangle.

e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. Click to create the parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center.

Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). By default. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. circle centers appear on the sketch. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. Click three elements. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. m) Creating an Arc 16 . Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar).

q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). s) Creating a Conic 17 . Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. start point and end point. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. middle. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Double-click to end the spline. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. middle. end. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. a) The arc center point. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. c) Through three points –start. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. center and apex.start. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. end. To create a Parabola click the focus.It shows how to create an arc. b) Through three points . To create a hyperbola click the focus. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). There are three possibilities. Clicking another command ends the spline too.

Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). x) Creating an Axis 18 . w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. in accordance with both points previously clicked. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. As a result. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. To edit. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. Click two points on the two existing lines. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. one after the other. a circle. a parabola or a hyperbola. if needed. Click the line first point (first point).

Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.This task shows how to create an axis.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Select a first line (or an axis). y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. In this task. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. 2. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). of course you can create this point manually. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Select a second line (or an axis).

Create two intersecting lines. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the two curves. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Length1/Length2. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. the first or none of the elements. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. . Select the two lines. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Select the first line. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Length1/Angle. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Trim All / First / No element. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Select the two lines.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. You can create rounded corners between curves. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. The second line is also highlighted. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default.

Rubber out. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select one or more elements to be relimited. a three point arc. a construction line or an axis. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. The arc will now be closed. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. For example. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. Create a three points arc. and Break. 21 from the Sketch tools . Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the line to be broken.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. These options are Rubber In. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). The line is now composed of two movable segments.

The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Here. Multi-selection is not available. In other words. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 .9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Select or click a point to define an angle. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Enter the number of copies you need. Select the geometry to be rotated. enter a precise value for the translation length. Select the element(s) to be translated. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Select or click the rotation center point. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). if needed. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The duplicate mode is activated by default. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. multi-select the entire profile. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor.

Both lines are parallel. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. Select the surface. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. These 23 . There are two possibilities. arc or circle. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. The intersection is yellow. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. If the line is not already selected. select it. Select the face of interest. These projections are yellow. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. The line to be created appears. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. by creating several offset instances. The selected line is duplicated. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. the line to be created appears immediately. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar).

In other words. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. Graduations. The Sketcher tab appears. Position sketch plane parallel to screen.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. You can now sketch the required profile. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. 2. Expand the Mechanical Design option. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. 2.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. 2. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. It indicates the overall 24 . You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Primary spacing. and then click Sketcher. in the Tools toolbar. The Options dialog box appears.

Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. which is fully integrated into Part Design.1 Opening a New CATPart Document.3. offers a highly productive. 3. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. To open it.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. Actually. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. 25 . a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. This application. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. c) specific toolbars. b) the geometry area. The New dialog box is displayed. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. from simple to advance. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK.

.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Use the combo to choose the desired point type.3. 3. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve.2. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Use the combo to choose the desired line type.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. ellipse. Between: Creating point between two other points. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. 3. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Y. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. The Line Definition dialog box appears.2. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. 26 . Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface.

2.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Some operations consist in adding material. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. In this section. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Shaft. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. 27 .3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Click the Plane icon . it is represented by a red square symbol. 3. and Remove Loft. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Rib.Regardless of the line type. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Loft. Slot. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Groove. Pocket. Once you have defined the plane. others in removing material. which you can move using the graphic manipulator.

3. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. You will notice that by default. Up to Surface. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. For each of them. the application specifies the length of your pad. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. 3. 28 .Up to Last.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.3. if you extrude a profile. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Just click the More button and define the second limit.3. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. Up to Plane. By default. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . If you wish to define another length for this direction.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators.

The specification tree indicates this creation. Optionally click Preview to see the result.3. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. Click OK to create the pocket. if you extrude a profile. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. To specify another direction. set the Type parameter to Dimension. Select the profile to be extruded. Alternatively. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time.3. up to surface. Note 29 . 3.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. up to plane. By default. Click the Pocket icon . using different length values.3. Double-click Pocket to edit it. up to last. To define a specific depth. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Click the Multi-Pocket icon .

3. Click the Shaft icon . and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. For each of them. you do not have to select the axis. Enter Thickness1 's value. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. If needed.3. Once you have done your modifications. Enter Thickness2 's value. The profile is previewed in dotted line. pockets and stiffeners. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. and click Preview to see the result.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. and click Preview to see the result. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. Consequently. You need an open or closed profile. Select the open profile. For the purposes of our scenario. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. 3. select LIM1 or 30 . Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. The method described here is also valid for pockets. The resulting features are then called "thin solids".that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. 3. Alternatively. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.

The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Click Preview to see the result. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). 3. This task shows you how to create a groove.3. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The shaft is created. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. Click OK to confirm. The specification tree mentions it has been created. Select the profile. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Consequently. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to confirm the 31 . For the purposes of our scenario. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. Click the Groove icon .LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. you do not have to select the axis. If needed. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select.

the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. To define a thread. By default. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. but you can use standard values. you can enter the values of your choice.3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. 3. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. To define a rib. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. 3. you need a center curve. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material.operation.3.3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. 3. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.

Select the profile you wish to sweep. Click the Rib icon .3. The application now previews the rib to be created. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. To create Rib. you can select a plane or an edge. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. 3. It should be a closed profile. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. The specification tree mentions this creation.11 Slot 33 . Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch.2.element or a pulling direction. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. New options are then available. it can be discontinuous in tangency. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. To define this direction. Click OK. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. The rib is created.

tangency discontinuity points are coupled. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. By default.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Click OK to create the volume. The feature (identified as Loft. Click the Loft icon . You can note that by default. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Tangency then curvature. Reference surface. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. Tangency.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. you need a center curve. Click the Slot icon . The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. To define a slot.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. a planar profile. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. Vertices. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Select the profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. the application computes a spine. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created.3. The resulting feature is a closed volume. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Pulling direction. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. 3. It is closed. 34 . They are highlighted in the geometry area. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Select the three section curves.

Select required sections & guide curves if needed. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. By default.3.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions.3. the application computes a spine. 3.3. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. Click the Remove Loft icon . If you need to use an open profile. . you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Select the profile to be extruded. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Click OK to create the lofted surface. The feature (identified as Loft. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.

you can then trim the fillets to be created. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. 36 .1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. 3. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. If you set the Tangency mode. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. depending on the radius value you specified. Tangency. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. Conversely.4.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Click the Edge Fillet icon . The specification tree indicates it has been created. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. When filleting an edge.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. Click OK. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. CATIA displays the radius value. Check the Neutral Fiber option. The stiffener is created. Select the edges.

2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces.4.5 Basic Draft 37 . Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. The faces are filleted. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Select the faces to be filleted. Click OK. Click OK.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. 3.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. the application chamfers its edges. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Select the faces to be filleted. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.4. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. 3. The specification tree indicates this creation.3.4. Select the face to be removed. Instead of entering a radius value. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face.4. Depending on the curve's shape. Click OK. 3. The fillet will be tangent to this face.

Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.4. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. Click OK. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. If Keep Parting =Neutral.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . This element will remain the same during the draft. 3. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. Parting element: this plane. Material has been removed & the face is drafted.

The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. 3. indicating the default pulling direction.9 Thickness 39 . Enter an angle value in the Angle field. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . Select the face to be removed. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Enter the Default inside thickness field. Select the face to be drafted. The feature is shelled. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. The reflect line is moved accordingly. Select face as the neutral element. Click the Shell icon .4. To edit the other angle value. displays the variable angle draft option as activated.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. Click OK to confirm.4.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . 3. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Select the face. The selected face becomes purple.4. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. 3. click the Points field. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. Click OK. To add a point on the edge. You can add as many points as you wish.

Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. This task shows you how to translate a body. Click the Thickness icon . 40 . There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Enter a positive value.4. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. Y. Click OK. 3. You can also specify the direction by means of X. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. The part is thickened accordingly. 3. The application previews the thread. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Click Preview. but the thread (identified as Thread.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Enter the thread depth. Click OK to confirm. Select the faces to thicken.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Thread/Tap icon . Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Limit faces must be planar.5.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Check the Left-Threaded option. Click OK to create the translated element. The element (identified as Translate. This creation appears in the specification tree. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Translate icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. pitch value. Select the upper face as the limit face. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed.

Click the Symmetry icon . You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. Select a point. Click the Rotate icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.5.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.5. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. The new element (identified as Symmetry. The application previews the material to be created. The specification tree mentions this creation. 3. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. Click OK to create the rotated element. The element (identified as Rotate.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. Select an edge as the rotation axis.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. 3. Enter a value for the rotation angle. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. 3.xxx) is added to the specification tree.3. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.5. The command applies to current bodies. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Click OK to confirm the operation.5. The element is rotated. line or plane as reference element. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. Click the Mirror icon . The pads are mirrored.

Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Click the Circular Pattern icon . If needed. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Click OK. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. The feature "RectPattern. complete crown. circular and user patterns. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Instances & angular spacing.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Patterns let you do so. 42 . Instances & Spacing. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. Now. These features accelerate the creation process. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. Angular spacing & total angle. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy.This is the resulting pattern. Select the feature you wish to copy. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters.5. Defining the spacing along the grid. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Spacing & Length.

This axis will be normal to the face. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. The body is scaled. 3. you are going to add a crown to your part. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Click OK. Click the Scaling icon .7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. 3. Click the User Pattern icon . Select the reference point located on the body. The specification tree indicates this creation. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. you can select an edge or a planar face.5. 3. To do so. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field.5. The feature appears in the Object field.6. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Select the body to be scaled. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. These points are created in the Sketch. Click OK. Now. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. One more ring of pads will be added.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow.6 Measuring 3. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Click Preview. click the Crown Definition tab. Click OK. The pad will be repeated seven times. To define a direction. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 .

etc. Click to select a surface.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . The Measure Item dialog box appears. The Measure Between dialog box appears. surfaces. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. surfaces and entire products). approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). This command lets you choose the selection mode. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. By default. edge or vertex. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. edges. Click the Measure Between icon. 3. or an entire product (selection 2). If exact values cannot be measured. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given.6. Click to select another surface. icon in the Definition box.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example.6. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. 3. or an entire product (selection 1). edges. Click the Measure Item icon. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points.). vertices and entire products) or between points. edge or vertex. edges. Switch to Design Mode.

mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. Click the Split icon . If the arrow points in the wrong direction. In addition to the center of gravity G. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item.7. 45 .1 Split You can split a body with a plane. you must select the desired sub-product. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. the dialog box also gives the area. geometry or assembly. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. density and mass of the selected item. The measure is made on the selection. Material has been removed. 3. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. Select the splitting surface.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. The body is split. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. indicating the splitting element. volume (volumes only). The area.7 Surface-Based Features 3. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. Click OK. you can click it to reverse the direction. Click the Measure Inertia icon. face or surface. density.

The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. If you need to reverse the arrow. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.7.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. Select the object you wish to thicken.INITIAL 3. Select the surface to be closed. The surface is thickened. Click OK. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. just click it. that is the extrude element. Click the Thick Surface icon . In the geometry area. INITIAL 3. 46 .7. Click the Close Surface icon . The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click OK. The surface is closed .

The surface is sewn onto the body. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.INITIAL FINAL 3. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. Click the Sew Surface icon . The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.7. indicating the object to be sewn. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Some material has been removed. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Click OK.

3. When your part includes several bodies. During the operation. It is underlined. indicating that it is the active body. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body.8. The result is immediate. This is your new Part Body. if you wish to combine them. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. Click OK to confirm.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. It allows you to create complex geometry. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. To assemble them. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. By default. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. Trimming Bodies. Intersecting Bodies. Removing Bodies. INITIAL 48 . 3. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. You will notice that Part Body and Body. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. Now.x" in the specification tree. Assembling Bodies. material has been added.3.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Click the Insert Body icon.x are autonomous.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body.8.

8. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.FINAL 3. By default. Click the Add icon .3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.

You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body. Click OK.Part Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 .1 has been removed.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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Geometry. and Delete Operation. Select the Tools -> Options.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. Update. When selecting a sketch as 54 . It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. The General tab appears.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. The Options dialog box is displayed. you often need to select other elements as inputs.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. 4. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. Select the Tools -> Options command. Update. The tab appears. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. copied elements for example..Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. and their origins when you are editing these elements. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. which means that if they are shared by other features.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.. containing three categories of options: External References.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object.This task shows you how to set general settings.. they will not be deleted. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. Delete Operation . then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. External References. you just need to use the Isolate command.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection.. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. then Display tab. When creating a geometric element.9.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. command Click the Infrastructure category. Click the Infrastructure category. 3.

Click OK to create the planes. The Planes Between dialog box appears. in only one operation. some restrictions apply. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. depending on the feature you are creating. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . the last and first instances are the curve end points. Select a curve or a Point on curve. 4. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. 4.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. 4.the input element. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Click the Planes Repetition icon .3 Creating Polylines 55 . If you check the with end points option.

Click the Circle icon . Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Enter all input as specified. Click the Polyline icon . The circle (identified as Circle.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Center and point. Two points and radius. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. 4. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Three points.Tritangent. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Enter a Radius value.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 56 . Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Bitangent and radius . The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Bitangent and point .

It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass.4. 57 . An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. Replace the selected point by another point. Click the Spline icon . You can select the Geometry on support check box. Remove the selected point.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. and select a support. Add a point before the selected point.

or directly select the corner you want in the geometry.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Select the Support surface. 4. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. The helical curve (identified as Helix.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. Taper Angle. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Several solutions may be possible. Profile. The reference elements must lie on this support. Click the Helix icon . The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Orientation.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Click the Corner icon . Enter a Radius value. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Select a starting point and an axis. such as coils and springs for example. Height. Click OK to create the corner. Starting Angle. The corner will be created between these two references. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. 58 .4. Select two curves as reference element. Click OK to create the helix.

Click the Connect Curve icon . The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. when the spiral is defined by an angle. Click OK to create the connect curve. Tangency or Curvature.4. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Click the Spiral icon . along the Reference direction. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. 4.Define the spiral's Orientation. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Specify the Start radius value.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. that is the distance from the Center point. that is a in 2D plane. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears.

The projection is added to the specification tree. The projection may be normal or along a direction. Select the element to be projected.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. You can select several elements to be projected. 60 . Click the Conic icon .4. 4. Select the Support element. Click OK to create the projection element. The Projection Definition dialog box appears.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Click the Projection icon . passing points or tangents. hyperbolas or ellipses. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points.

This element (identified as Intersect.xxx) is added to the specification tree. A Face. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. 61 .Fill in the conic curve parameters. Click the Intersection icon . Point. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. Avoid using input elements. The intersection is displayed. etc. A Contour.) 4.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. Select the two elements to be intersected. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. lines. Click OK to create the intersection element. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears.

Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. Click OK to create the surface. 4.4. Click the Extrude icon .13. Geometry with no history is called a datum. lofting and sweeping.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. 62 .

The spherical surface is based on a center point.4.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. Click the Revolve icon .13. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. and angular limits. Click OK to create the surface. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.13. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . 4.

one on each side of the reference surface. Select the center point of the sphere. Click Apply to preview the surface.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. Click the Offset icon . Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. 4. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. along 64 . Select the surface to be offset.dialog box is displayed. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the surface. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. 4.13. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine).13. Click OK to create the surfaces. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator.

The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. With reference surface. Click the Circle icon. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. The surface (identified as Sweep. 65 . Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. you can select a reference Surface. The five possible cases are Two limits. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Explicit profile icon.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. Click the Sweep icon . select a Spine. If needed. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. With reference curve. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. If needed. Click the Line profile icon. Limit and middle.xxx) is added to the specification tree. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. select a Second Guide. In the Smooth sweeping section. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. With tangency surface. Click the Sweep icon . The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. With draft direction. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select a Guide curve. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. If no spine is selected. Click the Sweep icon . Select the planar Profile to be swept out. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. then use the combo to choose the subtype. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface.

Select one or two section curves.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. the results may be inconsistent. The surface (identified as Sweep. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. 4.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve.xxx) is added to the specification tree. hyperbolas or ellipses. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. The surface (identified as Sweep. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Add a new element after or before the selected one.13. If 66 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Five guides. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. Click the Fill icon . Replace the selected element by another curve. 4. Three guides. Select a passing point.13. Click OK to create the swept surface.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Click the Conic icon. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Remove the selected element. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Click the Sweep icon . Two guides. such as parabolas. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Four guides. Click the Loft icon . If not. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click OK to create the fill surface. Select guide curves. and enter a radius value. Click OK to create the swept surface.

14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Successively select the first curve and its support. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. only on the End section. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. on both. You can select several cutting elements. 4. End extremity.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element.14. Select the cutting element. In the Spine tab page. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. None. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Start extremity. continuity. A preview of the split appears. or on none. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. Click the Split icon . You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section.needed. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Several coupling types are available.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The surface (identified as Blend. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Vertices. Select the element to be split. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. and so forth. select one or more guide curves. then the second curve and its support. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Click OK. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. Click the Blend icon . translating and rotating.13. 4. Tangency. taking a number of constraints into account. In that case.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. Tangency then curvature. 4. 67 . such as tension. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities.

68 .2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Click OK to split the element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Trim icon . The trimmed element (identified as Trim. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. A preview of the trimmed element appears. In that case it appears as a separate Split. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.xxx element in the specification tree. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. 4.14. The Trim Definition dialog box appears.

Select an edge or the face of an element. without deleting the initial element.). This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements.14.xxx) is added to the specification tree. points.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. The selected element is highlighted. Select a Surface edge. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to extract the element. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. a point on the curve for example. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. Click the Boundary icon . The extracted element (identified as Extract. and so forth.14. or Tangent continuity. 4. solids. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. 69 . No propagation.4. Click the Extract icon . Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. Click OK to create the boundary curve.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves.

4.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.14. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. plane or planar surface.14. Click the Scaling icon . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.4.14. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Click OK to create the scaled element.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. 4. Select the scaling reference point. 4.14. Select the element to be rotated. The element (identified as Translate .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the translated element.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Click the Rotate icon . or more. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. point. Select the element to be transformed by scaling.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Select the element to be translated. Select a point. Click OK. Click OK to create the rotated element. Select the Vector Definition. Click the Affinity icon . Click the Translate icon . Click OK to create the symmetrical element.14. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Click the Symmetry icon . line or plane as reference element. 4. Select a line as the rotation axis. line or surface element.

operation.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Angle Tolerance. Y. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. 4. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Z values. Click the Extrapolate icon . Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane.14. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Click OK to create the affinity element. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Other options available are Simplify the result. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature.14. Sub-Elements To Remove. 71 . Merging distance. federation.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Ignore erroneous elements. 4. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Select a surface Boundary. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Click the Join icon.

The Healing Definition dialog box appears. Select the surface which limits should be restored. From the Parameters tab.14. Click OK in the dialog box. Provided the Tangent mode is active. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar.4. You can also set the Distance objective. 72 . Select the surfaces to be healed. The surface (identified as Heal. Select the surface which limits should be restored. by clicking the Sharpness tab. you can retain sharp edges.14. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. Click the Healing icon. A progression bar is displayed. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. 4. and selecting one or more edges.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. while the surface is restored.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces.

Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. fill the gaps.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part.4. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed.14.e. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. Click OK in the dialog box. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. A progression bar is displayed. Select the curve to be smoothed. Select the element to be disassembled. that is to say independent elements are created. To update the part. The selected element is disassembled. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. A progression bar indicates the . while the surface is being disassembled. 4. i. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. 73 .15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. manual update. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area).14. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. To update a part. that can be manipulated independently. and type of discontinuity (point. Click the Curve Smooth icon . A resulting element can be made of several cells. To warn you that an update is needed. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design.

4. It is underlined. removing open body entities and changing body. Select the new body where the open body is to be located.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . The axis system displayed in the specification tree. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. select the branch of your choice.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. 4. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. indicating that it is the active open body. In the specification tree. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. inserting open body entities. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. CATIA displays this new Open_body. The result is immediate. The Change Body dialog box appears. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show.x. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . This involves.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. in the specification tree. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree.4.

5. according to given directions.command. Click OK. if it was hidden. if it was visible. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. Min. Select a curve. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. or becomes visible. when combined with other products such as Part Design. edges or faces).2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. 5. a surface. Set the correct options: Max. or a pad.xxx) is added to the specification tree. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. The open body or it’s content is hidden. 5. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. Click the Extremum icon . The point (identified as Extremum.

5.xxx). Click OK to create the extremum point. Min angle. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Max angle. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Click the Polar Extremum icon . Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Max radius. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Depending on the selected computation type. You can also select a start point.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create a spine. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Click OK to create the spine. or filleted surfaces. the results can be: Min radius. is added to the specification tree. a point in this case. Click OK. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. 76 . lofted. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Click Preview. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Successively select planes. on a planar contour. Click Preview. The spine is displayed.

Select the reference Curve to be offset.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Key in an angle. Successively select the two curves to be combined.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. Click the Parallel Curve icon . The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. whether closed or open. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Click OK to create the element. The combine (identified as Combine. select the support surface and a direction. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. 5. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5. Click the Combine icon . representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 .

G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. The General tab displays. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. 5. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . Assembly Design 78 . Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. Select points on guide to add other sections. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. 6. Select the Tools -> Options command.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. When designing the profile to be swept. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created.5. The Options dialog box is displayed. Select the Guiding curve. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Click OK to create the swept surface. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. The Reference surface is optional.

1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.2.2. The structure of your assembly now 79 . The Assembly Design workbench is opened. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.3 Inserting a New Part icon. Those products can in turn be used to create other products.1). 6.1) is created in the . select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. In the specification tree.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. The Product2 (Product2. 6. you need products.2. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. 6. 6.2 Inserting a Components 6. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. In the specification tree. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. You can use parts to create products. To create an assembly.

Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. 6. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. In the specification tree. you should keep in mind the 80 . check x-axis.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. The operation is very simple. However. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. Click OK to create the components. select Product1 and click the New Part icon .4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. 6. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. If geometry exists in the assembly.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. 6. The application previews the location of the new components. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. on another component for example. Select the component you wish to instantiate. To define the direction of creation. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. The result is immediate.

indicating orientations. opposite. Select the faces to be constrained. 6. Same. 6. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. you may obtain concentricity. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. This constraint is added to the specification tree too.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Select the face to be constrained. Green graphic symbols are 81 . The selected component is orange framed (default color). Double-clicking activates it. coaxiality or coplanarity. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution).1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . The components involved and their status are indicated.5. Depending on the selected elements. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position.5. Select the second face to be constrained. Click the Contact Constraint icon . As the contact constraint is created.

Click OK to create the offset constraint.5. Select the faces to be constrained. you will have to define an angle value.5. that is the light blue . which means setting an absolute position. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. Click OK to create the angle component. Select the faces to be constrained. When setting an angle constraint. The components involved and their status are indicated. The constraint is created. 6. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 6. Click the Offset Constraint icon . A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). This constraint is added to the specification tree.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. which means setting a relative position. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. 6. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Click the Angle Constraint icon . Select the component to be fixed. This operation is referred to as "Fix". Keep the Angle option. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. In the dialog box that appears. By fixing its position according to other components. 82 . This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1.5. click More to expand the dialog box. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon .

displaying the list of selected components. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . 83 . Angle and Parallelism. The Fix Together dialog box appears. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. Select the two entities to be constrained. Select the constraint to be changed. 6. Click the Change Constraint icon . Offset. but they must belong to the active component. You can select as many components as you wish. 6.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Select the new type of constraint. not necessarily in the active component. The first constraint in the list can now be set. Click OK to validate the operation. The components are attached to each other. 6. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. In the Name field. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. Click the Fix Together icon . You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.5.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree.5. The Change Type dialog box that appears. You can select any constraints. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Move the fixed component.5. Click OK to confirm.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. Moving one of them moves the other one too. displays all possible constraints. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Coincidence. Click OK.

but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. The constraint is deactivated. The assembly is updated. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Select the Tools -> Options command. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. To do so. Click the Update icon whole assembly. The constraints are in black.5. cut & paste the original component. 84 . 6. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box.6. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. 6. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . three options are available: Reuse the original component. Select any activated constraint. The default color is black. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. Using no associativity: the option is off. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. indicating they need an update. create a new instance.

the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.8 Moving Components 6. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. If you use the option "generated constraints". You can move your component along the x. 85 . The third row is reserved for rotations. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. 6. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. you will obtain different results.8. 6.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation.Click OK to repeat the second component. Depending on the selected elements.8.xx" is displayed in the tree. y or z-axis.1" is displayed below this entity. yz and xz planes.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. You can rotate your component around the x.

The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. Optionally. The point is projected onto the line. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. move and rotate the section plane. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. invert the normal vector of the plane. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. showing the generated section. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. Click the Sectioning icon. The line is projected onto the plane. it creates constraints. The section plane is automatically created.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. edge.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. also appears. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. 86 . Z. The plane passes through the line. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. reference plane or cylinder axis). Both lines become collinear. A Preview window. The point is projected onto the plane. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane.8. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. 6. 6.

the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. double-click 'Assembly Split. click them to reverse the direction. 6.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. show-no show. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Pocket. Hole. To edit an assembly split. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 .11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Add. Click OK to confirm. Click Ok to end the scene creation. 6. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Perform a Symmetry. Click the Create Scene icon . If the arrows point in the wrong direction.X' in assembly features available in history tree. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". which in turn must contain one part at least. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. keep in mind the following. The different assembly features you can create are: Split.6.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. Remove. The active product at least must include two components. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. For instance modify: viewpoint. the "show" or "hide" state of the components.10. Perform the required modifications. graphical attributes. the graphical attributes of the components. Within a scene.

13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Inside one selection.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Selection against all. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon.they were in the initial product. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. 3D is the default type. Click Apply to check for interferences. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Set the explode type. 6. if necessary. Click Apply to perform the operation. Keep it. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Between two selections. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. keep the selection as it is. Clearance + Contact + Clash. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Keep All levels set by default. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. 88 . The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Click the Explode icon . 6. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results.

The General tab appears. Select Tools -> Options. Click the Infrastructure category. Quick Constraint.6.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. displaying the following options: Update. command. 89 . Access to geometry. Click the Mechanical Design category. Update and Delete Operation 6.14. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Constraint Creation. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. Move components..3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. then the Assembly Design subcategory. The General tab appears. containing three categories of options: External References. Click the Mechanical Design category.14..14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.14. 6.

. Select the 90 . A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet.. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. Click OK. 7. Select the Drafting workbench. 7. . Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. You may also add. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views.7. as well as information on the drawing standards. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. from the menu bar. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. interactive or generated views.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created.

What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. 7. and click OK. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. The non-active views are framed in blue. From the New Drawing dialog box. 91 . The new sheet automatically appears. Even though you then delete sheet1. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting).3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. If you click this view. the view to be created is framed in green. 7. or the A0 ISO format. and then click OK. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. Select the 1:1 scale. Select the orientation type. The active view is framed in red. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. When you create a view.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet.Drawing workbench. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. select the ISO standard. until you click at the desired view location.

7. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. You can update all views or a selection of views. 7. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab).6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. is detected. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Any modification applied to the specifications. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. respectively. Click the Drawing window. Select object. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. As you move the cursor. You can perform an update. Click on sheet to place front view.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Right-click the frame of the view.Start creating the front view. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). Click inside the sheet to generate the view. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. relatively to the front view previously generated. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. a previewed projection 92 . Blue arrows appear.

Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Click an edge on the view. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. for example the right view position. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click to position the auxiliary view. 7. completely describes the object. This auxiliary view. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. you can. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. In sectioning through irregular objects. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. Click the Drawing window. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. together with the top view. Click to position the callout. use Undo or Redo icons.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. 7. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. at any time. 93 .

An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. the dialog is exactly the same. Click the Drawing window. In this particular case. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation.7. Click the Drawing window. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). you will click the Detail View Profile icon . Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Click to generate the view. You can also use a roughly sketched profile.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Click the callout center. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. 7. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. and click the Aligned Section Cut . Click to generate the detail view. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. Click the Drawing window. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. You can modify this scale. 7. Or. you will select the Clipping 94 .

Click the Drawing window. 7.Profile View icon . Click the 3D part. translate the profile. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. as well as blue manipulators appear. 7. the left. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). If needed. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. the top. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. Double-click to end 95 . Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. Red zones appear. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. A breakout view is often a partial section. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Click the first point of the breakout profile. the right. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click on the sheet. 7. Click the Drawing window.

Click next add any other view if required. Once you are satisfied. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). 7. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. select Selected objects -> isolate. and right-click them.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). Bottom view. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.18 Scaling a View 96 . Click the Drawing window. 7. 7. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. 7. views are by default linked to the parent view. the Top view. Select the CATPart document.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. From the contextual menu. Click to position the left view. Left view and Right view). Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. At creation. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. or all views in the drawing.

you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. 7. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Click OK. 97 . For modifying the detail and section callout. Balloons generated 7. The detail view is updated.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . If needed. double-click the front view. In this particular case. Before positioning the Bill of Material. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. or parts list. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. section views and section cuts. This view is now active. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. In this case. 7. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. This Bill of Material. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. right-click the detail view. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. go to Product Structure workbench. if you are in the background view. you can pre-define the position.

only sketched constraints are generated. 2. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Right-click the pattern to be modified. On the view with a bigger scale. On views including more dimensions. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. On the view for which the dimension are generated. distance. radius. the section view is automatically updated. 4. 7.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. diameter Angle. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. Then click OK in this Pattern table. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. Double-click the callout to be modified. distance The dimensions below: 98 . For example. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. 3. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. 7.

23. 7. to start the dimension generation.23. angle. there is only one) is automatically displayed. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. radius and diameter. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. length. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. by default. dimensions are generated on all the views. Click OK to close the dialog box. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. Dimensions 99 . Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. In the case of drawings with several views.

The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). If you select a point in the free space. If you select a dimension or a text. Enter the desired character string. The datum feature is created. the anchor point will be a small balloon. on the contrary. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Click OK when you're done. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point).24 Creating a Datum Feature . constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. not generated. if needed. The geometrical tolerance is created. Click OK. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Select an element (geometry. 100 . no leader will be created. dimension. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. the anchor point will be an arrow. 7. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. If you select an element. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location.Click the Not Generated option .

size. A red frame appears.26 Annotations 7. 101 . and select Text Properties. dimension text. If needed.7. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. etc.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. justification. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. balloon and datum target. such as font style. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. 7. Text properties can be applied to text. Choose View -> Toolbars. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). text with leader.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text.26. Set the properties of a text. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed.26. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location.

Select an element. Ra=1. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. 102 . You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. For example.26. Click OK.6. 7. Open any CATProduct document. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Click to define the balloon anchor point. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. If needed. Click OK. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. You can enter another string or value as needed.26. Enter values in the desired field(s). the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). On this CATProduct document. Go over one of the part with your cursor. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon.7. 7.26.

The line height corresponds to the height of a string. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. You can also split a table. In this table. rows. and insert views. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. The welding symbol is created.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. switch lines and columns. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. If needed. and insert a view in a table.27 Editing Properties 103 . 7. The welding leader will appear. If needed. Click ok to validate the creation. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. and then click to validate. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. Select the two elements. Click the icon to launch the command.7. modify the geometry-welding symbol. insert columns. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location.26.26. you can add text. The welding symbols available depend on your standard.26. import a table. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click OK. 7. 7. invert columns. merges cells. invert lines. Click OK.

Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Dress up: Hidden lines. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. if needed. Click the Graphic Tab. if needed. Lines and Curves option. Scale: the scale of the view. Click OK. Choose the View tab. Fillets. 3D Colors. dress-up elements. you can create a formula for the view name. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Lock view: if you check this option. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp).This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Among other things. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Axis. 3D Points. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. no more modification allowed in the view. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. edit annotation font properties. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. 3D spec. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Choose your options. 3D Wireframe. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Center line. Thread.

In other words. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. The Options dialog box appears. Select the Tools->Options command. Modify the available options. 105 . it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Modify the available options. Grid: To define your grid. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. edit dimension text properties. 7. or leader). The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. if needed. edit dimension value properties. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. frame. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and.then select the Edit-> Properties command. if needed. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. click the Font tab. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. The associated panel is displayed. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened.

As a result. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. View axis: When you activate a view. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. Select the Dimension tab in Options. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. In addition. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. when you update the drawing. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. following it dynamically during the creation process. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. To activate this mode. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. the dimension is automatically re-computed.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols).

Generate centerlines. the Create detected constraints option is not available. either or not using SmartPick. Allow automatic transfer between views.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Alignment. 107 . Filters before generation. Parallelism. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Generate threads. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. perpendicularity and tangency. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Select the Generation tab. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Horizontality and verticality. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Project 3D wireframe. Project 3D points. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. If all of the detection options are unchecked. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. 3D colors inheritance. Select the Geometry tab. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . end points included. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. then the balloon will be generated twice. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Apply 3D specification. Analysis after generation. Hidden lines. View tab): Generate axis. Automatic positioning after generation. Generate fillet. Properties option. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. if a component is used two times within a product.

scaling factor or frame to appear. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. For this before callout creation check this option. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. the sketch. f)Annotations 108 . It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. and only visualized by. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. This element is used as positioning reference. As a result. Constraint diagnostics. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. the following dialog box appears.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. you can define that you want or not the view name. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Select the Layout tab. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols.

The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. or both. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked... taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Press OK.You can customize given options when creating annotations. command. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. no matter what the view scale is. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. press the shift key. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. 7. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). It is now possible to customize the settings. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. according to the orientation.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. Select the Annotation tab. as you will choose to load the referenced document. 109 . This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Select the Edit->Links command. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. In this particular case. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. Activate the settings. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. Press OK. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document.

View. if needed. 8. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. To modify these colors. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Snap to Point. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. True Length Dimension 8. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. Then check Activate analysis display mode and.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Create Detected Constraints. Create Constraints.2 Creating Views 110 . the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Force Dimension on Element.8. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types.

The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. Press OK. In other words. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. double-click on this isometric view. This is true for any kind of view. In other words. For example. Click the New View icon . Press OK. a bottom view. Right-click the view used as reference. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Click the Drawing window. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. A blue axis displays in a red frame. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. modified in this dialog box. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . 8. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). you can create: a top view. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. by double-clicking on this view. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. dimensions. From an active front view. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. 8. For this. a left view and a right view. In this case. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel.

Select. You will first add elements to an existing view.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. Add elements to an existing view. curve). if needed. 8. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. and then transformed into the receiving view. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. using the Action-Object mode. using the Action-Object mode. At any time. select a circle in the top view. using the ObjectAction mode. circle. select an arc of a circle in the front view. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. Select more elements to be projected. In this case. parabola. the object to be projected. hyperbola. 112 . Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. ellipse. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. in another view. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. In this case. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view.

select the whole front view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar.Create an isometric view from scratch. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Select the object defining the view to be created. Make the isometric view active (double-click). 113 . Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. using the Object-Action mode. In this case. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view.

The frame can only be rectangular. 8. a distance constraint. etc. as you want. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. Click OK. In the contextual menu. select the Visual Clipping check box.8. In the Visualization and Behavior area. a mode: measured or constraining mode. Click on the frame to select it.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. isometric views. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . Click the View tab. details views. clipping views. You can reframe any type of view: front views. choose Properties. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. Select the view and right-click the view frame. a configuration. If you want constraints to be created. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view.6 Reframing a View In this task.

constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . these relations will be taken into account. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. you can preview the dimensions to be created. The software proposes you parallelism by default. click in the drawing. you can only create constraints between similar elements. In other words. click a second element in the view. On the Dimensioning toolbar. 8. If you choose this constraint. click the Dimensions icon. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. or between generated elements. In other words. 8. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. When creating dimensions on elements. but not between a mix of these.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements.10 Creating Dimensions In this task.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. you will learn how to create dimensions. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. 8. If needed. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. Click a first element in the view. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. you can create constraints either between 2D elements.

and then the second element. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Select the dimension. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Select a circle. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. 116 . To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. Red end points appear. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles.e. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). 8. Click to validate the dimension creation.toolbar). i. Select the reference line. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. click the centerline. If you right-click the dimension before creation. 8. you can also access the Properties options. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions.

Select the Thread type option from the Dress .c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. Click the Drawing window. In the Pattern dialog box. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. Click the Drawing window. In this particular case. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. Select two lines. The thread is created. from the (Tools toolbar). g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Click the Drawing window. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. Click the Drawing window. The Tap type option activated by default. . part-sketched. generated elements. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. dotting or coloring). The axes and centerlines are created. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. The axis line is created. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). 117 from the Dress up toolbar. part-generated elements. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. The thread is created according to this reference. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. you will apply a thread to a hole. Select the Reference Thread type option line. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line.

The Area Detection dialog box appears.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. under the line. The arrow is created. you can drag it to change the arrow path. Select Add a Breakpoint. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. A contextual menu appears. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. For the purpose of this exercise. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. 118 . Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). A breakpoint is added to the arrow. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. The arrow and the selected object are associative. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. which represents the fillet edge. To modify the position of the arrow. Click the Drawing window. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head).