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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. and flexibility. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. Moreover. and are less expensive. 1.Generally. and costs are generally lower.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. For that we need level three: SM systems. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. cost. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. not just that of exterior. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. and the results can be used to build a real prototype.
But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. centre of gravity. 1. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts.systems to handle architectural problems. 1. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. surface area. rather than a part of engineering.4 LAYOUTS. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. to be sure. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. By its nature. 1. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. outside. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. so mass properties (volume. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. or on the surface of the object in question. weight. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. 8 . SM systems are now being used to design power plants. DESIGN. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. In this way.
if you need for more complex sketches 2. Once created. 9 . The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. automation of process planning is also impossible. it remains a challenge. but one that can be surmounted. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. With solid. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. To do this from the 3D.1. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. and then select Edit. 2. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. which are not associative with the 3D geometry).Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Without solids. you can set constraints between geometrical elements.e. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. or select a planar surface. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu.
this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. Construction elements 10 .2. on some occasions.e. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. in which you specify the reference plane. i. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. . Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Snap to Point If activated. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . 2. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry.
11 .4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. As a result. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. the sketch. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. These elements cannot be modified. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). 2. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. These elements are used as positioning references. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. uses edges. graphically speaking. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. and only visualized by. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features.
you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. . using coordinates. at the midpoint of a line. the 2. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. on a point. According to the various active options. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. at the intersection point of two curves. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. at the extremity point of a curve. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). any of the above cases possibly combined together.6 Creating Constraints 2.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. all over a curve. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. whenever possible.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. SmartPick will return information via symbols. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. Using SmartPick. two or three elements. The constraints are in priority dimensional.6.
13 . Angle. Click OK to constrain the sketch. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Parallelism or Perpendicular). Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements.6. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Select the profile to be constrained. 2.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. Once the profile is fully constrained. Horizontal.6. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Fix. they are checked in the dialog box. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. 2. This constraint can be created between either two elements. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. You can either select the geometry or the command first. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. by default.6. For editing. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. These constraints are in priority: concentricity.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Select a second element. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. the application displays it in green. Select a first element. Coincidence. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. If constraints already exist. coincidence and tangency. 2.
c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).2. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. 14 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.
Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click to create the parallelogram. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. two centers & two radii. You are going to define the (i) circle center. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).
Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). m) Creating an Arc 16 . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. By default. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. circle centers appear on the sketch. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. Click three elements. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points.
middle. s) Creating a Conic 17 . There are three possibilities.start. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. end. Double-click to end the spline. a) The arc center point. end. To create a Parabola click the focus. c) Through three points –start. center and apex. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). and then the hyperbola two extremity points. To create a hyperbola click the focus. middle. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar.It shows how to create an arc. Clicking another command ends the spline too. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. b) Through three points . q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). start point and end point. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar.
v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). one after the other. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. Click two points on the two existing lines. in accordance with both points previously clicked. Click the line first point (first point). As a result. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. a circle.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. if needed. x) Creating an Axis 18 . you will create one of the following: an ellipse. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. To edit. a parabola or a hyperbola.
of course you can create this point manually. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Select a first line (or an axis). Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. 2.This task shows how to create an axis. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). In this task. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Select a second line (or an axis).8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements.
the first or none of the elements. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Select the two curves. You can create rounded corners between curves. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Length1/Length2. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Select the two lines. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Create two intersecting lines. Trim All / First / No element. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. The second line is also highlighted. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. . The Trim All option is the command activated by default. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the first line. Length1/Angle. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Select the two lines.
The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Create a three points arc. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). and Break. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. For example. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. The line is now composed of two movable segments. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select one or more elements to be relimited. The arc will now be closed. Select the line to be broken. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). a construction line or an axis. a three point arc. These options are Rubber In. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. Rubber out. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. 21 from the Sketch tools .
The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Here. Select or click a point to define an angle. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). if needed. Select the element(s) to be translated. Select or click the rotation center point. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Enter the number of copies you need. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. In other words. multi-select the entire profile. De-activate the Duplicate mode. The duplicate mode is activated by default. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Multi-selection is not available. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the geometry to be rotated. In the Translation Definition dialog box. enter a precise value for the translation length. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Select the element(s) to be scaled.
The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). the line to be created appears immediately. There are two possibilities. select it. The intersection is yellow. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. Both lines are parallel. Select the surface. These projections are yellow. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. If the line is not already selected. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. arc or circle. Select the face of interest. These 23 . The selected line is duplicated. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. by creating several offset instances. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. The line to be created appears. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane.
The Options dialog box appears.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. 2. in the Tools toolbar. The Sketcher tab appears.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. and then click Sketcher. In other words. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Expand the Mechanical Design option. It indicates the overall 24 . Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. 2. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. 2. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Graduations. Primary spacing. You can now sketch the required profile. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane.
This application. offers a highly productive. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Actually. from simple to advance. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. 25 . Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. which is fully integrated into Part Design. The New dialog box is displayed.3. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. b) the geometry area. To open it. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. c) specific toolbars. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). 3.
Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. 26 . 3. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Between: Creating point between two other points.3.2. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. ellipse. 3. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. . Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. The Line Definition dialog box appears.2.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Y. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface.
Shaft. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Some operations consist in adding material. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Slot. Groove.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. 27 .3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. 3. Once you have defined the plane. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. In this section. and Remove Loft. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Loft. Pocket. Rib. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. it is represented by a red square symbol.Regardless of the line type. Click the Plane icon . Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane.2. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. others in removing material.
Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. 3. Up to Plane. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. Up to Surface.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. For each of them. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.3. By default. if you extrude a profile. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. You will notice that by default. 28 . If you wish to define another length for this direction.Up to Last. Just click the More button and define the second limit. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. the application specifies the length of your pad.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values.3. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next .1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions.
By default. To specify another direction. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. The specification tree indicates this creation. To define a specific depth.3. Select the profile to be extruded. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Note 29 . 3. up to surface. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Click the Pocket icon . uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. Alternatively. using different length values. Click OK to create the pocket. up to last.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. if you extrude a profile. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion.3. Optionally click Preview to see the result. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. set the Type parameter to Dimension. Double-click Pocket to edit it. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . up to plane.3.
Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. and click Preview to see the result. Enter Thickness2 's value. Once you have done your modifications. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. For the purposes of our scenario.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. select LIM1 or 30 . You need an open or closed profile. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. The method described here is also valid for pockets. Alternatively. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.3.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. Click the Shaft icon . This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The profile is previewed in dotted line. If needed. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. Consequently. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. 3. The resulting features are then called "thin solids".3.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Enter Thickness1 's value. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. and click Preview to see the result. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. pockets and stiffeners. Select the open profile. you do not have to select the axis. For each of them. 3. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value.
Select the profile. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line).LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. This task shows you how to create a groove. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The specification tree mentions it has been created. For the purposes of our scenario. 3. Click OK to confirm. Click Preview to see the result. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Click OK to confirm the 31 . Consequently. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. If needed. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. Click the Groove icon . The shaft is created. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. you do not have to select the axis. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles.3. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis.
Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. but you can use standard values. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. 3. CATIA removes material around the cylinder.3. 3. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. By default. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . To define a thread. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. To define a rib.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.3.operation.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. 3.3. you can enter the values of your choice. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. you need a center curve. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.
The application now previews the rib to be created.2. Click OK. you can select a plane or an edge. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. Select the profile you wish to sweep. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. To define this direction.11 Slot 33 . The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. 3. New options are then available. It should be a closed profile. To create Rib.3. The specification tree mentions this creation. The rib is created. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar.element or a pulling direction. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. Click the Rib icon . it can be discontinuous in tangency. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction.
you need a center curve. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. Tangency then curvature. 34 .12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Pulling direction. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. The resulting feature is a closed volume.3. Vertices. Click OK to create the volume. Select the profile. The feature (identified as Loft. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. To define a slot. They are highlighted in the geometry area. the application computes a spine. Click the Loft icon . The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. 3. a planar profile. Tangency. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Click the Slot icon . By default. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created.xxx) is added to the specification tree. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. You can note that by default. Reference surface. It is closed. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Select the three section curves.
The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. If you need to use an open profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. Select the profile to be extruded.3.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed.3. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. the application computes a spine. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. The feature (identified as Loft. By default. Click OK to create the lofted surface. . Select required sections & guide curves if needed.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. 3.3. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Click the Remove Loft icon .
Optionally click Preview to see the result. The specification tree indicates it has been created.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. If you set the Tangency mode. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. 36 . From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. Select the edges. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. 3. Click OK. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. When filleting an edge. depending on the radius value you specified. you can then trim the fillets to be created. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. The stiffener is created. Tangency. CATIA displays the radius value. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. Check the Neutral Fiber option. Conversely.4. Click the Edge Fillet icon .
The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. 3. Select the faces to be filleted. Click OK.4. Click OK. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.4. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The faces are filleted. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. The specification tree indicates this creation. Depending on the curve's shape.4. the application chamfers its edges.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. 3.4. The fillet will be tangent to this face. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Instead of entering a radius value. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Click OK.3. 3. Select the face to be removed. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. This creation is indicated in the specification tree.5 Basic Draft 37 . Select the faces to be filleted.
face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element.4.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. This element will remain the same during the draft. Parting element: this plane. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. If Keep Parting =Neutral. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. Click OK. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. 3.
Enter the Default inside thickness field. 3. The feature is shelled. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. click the Points field. You can add as many points as you wish. Select the face. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. The reflect line is moved accordingly. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. 3. To add a point on the edge. Select face as the neutral element. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. while keeping a given thickness on its sides.4. indicating the default pulling direction. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. Click OK to confirm. The selected face becomes purple. The Shell Definition dialog box appears.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. Click the Shell icon . The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears.4. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon .8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. This line is used to support the drafted faces. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside.9 Thickness 39 . Select the face to be drafted.4. 3. Select the face to be removed.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . To edit the other angle value. Click OK.
1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Limit faces must be planar. The element (identified as Translate. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. You can also specify the direction by means of X. pitch value. Select the upper face as the limit face. 3. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.5.4. Y. Click OK to create the translated element. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area.xxx) is added to the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree. This task shows you how to translate a body. Click the Thickness icon . but the thread (identified as Thread. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. 40 . This creation appears in the specification tree. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. 3.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Enter the thread depth. Select the faces to thicken. Check the Left-Threaded option. Click the Translate icon . Click OK. The part is thickened accordingly. Click OK to confirm. The application previews the thread. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Enter a positive value. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Click Preview. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Click the Thread/Tap icon .5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3.
You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. The application previews the material to be created. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. The specification tree mentions this creation. The command applies to current bodies. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. The element (identified as Rotate. The pads are mirrored.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to confirm the operation. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. 3.5. 3.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears.3.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Rotate icon .5. Select an edge as the rotation axis. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. Click the Symmetry icon . Enter a value for the rotation angle.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . Select a point. 3. The new element (identified as Symmetry.5. line or plane as reference element. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Mirror icon . The element is rotated. Click OK to create the rotated element.5.
Click the Rectangular Pattern icon .1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Instances & angular spacing. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Instances & Spacing. complete crown. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis.5. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Click OK. circular and user patterns. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Defining the spacing along the grid. Let the Instances & Spacing option. These features accelerate the creation process. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern.This is the resulting pattern. Select the feature you wish to copy. Angular spacing & total angle. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Spacing & Length. The feature "RectPattern. If needed. 42 . Now. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Patterns let you do so. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction.
Click Preview. Click OK. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.6 Measuring 3. The body is scaled. you are going to add a crown to your part.5.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. The specification tree indicates this creation. To define a direction. Select the reference point located on the body. Select the body to be scaled.6. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. 3. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it.5.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. 3. Click the User Pattern icon . The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. 3. To do so. Click the Scaling icon . Now. Click OK. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. This axis will be normal to the face. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. click the Crown Definition tab. One more ring of pads will be added. Click OK. you can select an edge or a planar face. The feature appears in the Object field. The pad will be repeated seven times. These points are created in the Sketch.
Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. Click the Measure Item icon. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. Click the Measure Between icon. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edges. The Measure Between dialog box appears. vertices and entire products) or between points. or an entire product (selection 1). edge or vertex. edge or vertex. surfaces and entire products). icon in the Definition box. edges.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . The Measure Item dialog box appears. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edges. Click to select a surface. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. 3. This command lets you choose the selection mode.). Switch to Design Mode. 3. surfaces. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. or an entire product (selection 2). If exact values cannot be measured. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. etc. By default.6.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. Click to select another surface.6.
7. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. Material has been removed. volume (volumes only). Click the Measure Inertia icon. The measure is made on the selection. In addition to the center of gravity G. If the arrow points in the wrong direction.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. indicating the splitting element. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. face or surface. the dialog box also gives the area. density. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. geometry or assembly. density and mass of the selected item. you can click it to reverse the direction.7 Surface-Based Features 3. Select the splitting surface. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. you must select the desired sub-product. Click the Split icon . 45 .1 Split You can split a body with a plane. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. The body is split. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. The area. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. 3.
that is the extrude element. The surface is closed .7. The surface is thickened. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. just click it. INITIAL 3. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. In the geometry area.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. Click OK. Select the object you wish to thicken. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the surface to be closed. 46 .7. Click the Thick Surface icon . Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. If you need to reverse the arrow. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value.INITIAL 3.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. Click the Close Surface icon .
The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Click OK.INITIAL FINAL 3. The surface is sewn onto the body. Click the Sew Surface icon . You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. INITIAL FINAL 47 .7. Some material has been removed. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Click the arrow to reverse the direction.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. indicating the object to be sewn.
indicating that it is the active body.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. material has been added. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. You will notice that Part Body and Body. Intersecting Bodies. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. INITIAL 48 . Click the Insert Body icon.3. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. Trimming Bodies. To assemble them. Removing Bodies. This is your new Part Body. When your part includes several bodies.8. 3. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. During the operation.8.x are autonomous. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part.x" in the specification tree. if you wish to combine them. 3. It is underlined. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. Now. Click OK to confirm. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. By default. The result is immediate. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. Assembling Bodies.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. It allows you to create complex geometry.
The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.8.FINAL 3. Adding a body to another one means uniting them. By default. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . Click the Add icon .3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body.
Part Body. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 .1 has been removed. Click OK.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection.. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. The Options dialog box is displayed. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. you often need to select other elements as inputs.9. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive..Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. command Click the Infrastructure category.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. containing three categories of options: External References. The tab appears. Update. which means that if they are shared by other features. When selecting a sketch as 54 ... they will not be deleted. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. you just need to use the Isolate command.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. 3. copied elements for example. then Display tab. Delete Operation . Geometry. and Delete Operation.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. and their origins when you are editing these elements. When creating a geometric element. Update. External References.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options command. Select the Tools -> Options. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. The General tab appears. 4. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. Click the Infrastructure category.
Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . in only one operation.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. The Planes Between dialog box appears. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. 4. 4. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). Click the Planes Repetition icon .the input element. depending on the feature you are creating.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time.3 Creating Polylines 55 . some restrictions apply. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. If you check the with end points option. 4. Select a curve or a Point on curve. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. Click OK to create the planes.
Bitangent and radius .4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Click the Polyline icon . Bitangent and point . The Circle Definition dialog box appears. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Center and point. Click the Circle icon . Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. The circle (identified as Circle. Enter all input as specified. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. 56 . 4. Enter a Radius value.Tritangent.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments.xxx) is added to the specification tree. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. Three points. Two points and radius. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created.
4. Click the Spline icon . and select a support. 57 . Add a point before the selected point. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. Replace the selected point by another point. Remove the selected point. You can select the Geometry on support check box.
Click OK to create the helix. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. The helical curve (identified as Helix. 4. Click OK to create the corner. Select the Support surface. 58 . Click the Helix icon .4. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Several solutions may be possible. Click the Corner icon . You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Height.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. The corner will be created between these two references. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. such as coils and springs for example. Starting Angle. Taper Angle. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Orientation. Select a starting point and an axis. Select two curves as reference element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Enter a Radius value. Profile. The reference elements must lie on this support.
4. when the spiral is defined by an angle. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve.Define the spiral's Orientation. Click the Spiral icon . Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . that is the distance from the Center point. Specify the Start radius value. Click the Connect Curve icon . at which the spiral's first revolution starts. along the Reference direction.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. that is a in 2D plane. Tangency or Curvature. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears.4. Click OK to create the connect curve.
that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. The projection is added to the specification tree. Click the Projection icon . Click OK to create the projection element. The projection may be normal or along a direction. The Conic Definition dialog box opens.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. hyperbolas or ellipses.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. 4. Select the element to be projected. Click the Conic icon . Select the Support element. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. 60 .4. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. passing points or tangents. You can select several elements to be projected. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction.
Avoid using input elements. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. Select the two elements to be intersected. Click OK to create the intersection element. Point.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. etc. A Contour. The intersection is displayed. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. This element (identified as Intersect. Click the Intersection icon . The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. A Face.Fill in the conic curve parameters. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. lines.) 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 61 .
You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding.4. Geometry with no history is called a datum.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. 4.13. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Click OK to create the surface. Click the Extrude icon . Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. lofting and sweeping. 62 . For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon.
Click the Revolve icon . Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . The spherical surface is based on a center point. and angular limits. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.13. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface.13. Click OK to create the surface. 4. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis.4. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.
The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Click the Offset icon . Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Click OK to create the surface. 4. 4. Click OK to create the surfaces.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Click Apply to preview the surface. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. along 64 . Select the surface to be offset.13. Click Apply to previews the offset surface.dialog box is displayed.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. one on each side of the reference surface. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.13. Select the center point of the sphere.
You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. With reference surface. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Circle icon. you can select a reference Surface. then use the combo to choose the subtype. The five possible cases are Two limits.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. Click the Sweep icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the swept surface. If needed. Click the Explicit profile icon. select a Spine. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Sweep icon . The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. In the Smooth sweeping section. Click the Line profile icon. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. Limit and middle. With reference curve. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. select a Second Guide. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. 65 . If needed. Select a Guide curve. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. With tangency surface. With draft direction. If no spine is selected.
Replace the selected element by another curve. Click the Sweep icon . d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. If not. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves.13.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. the results may be inconsistent. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. such as parabolas. Three guides. The surface (identified as Sweep.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. hyperbolas or ellipses.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. and enter a radius value. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select a passing point. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select one or two section curves. Click the Fill icon .13. Add a new element after or before the selected one. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. 4. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Click the Conic icon. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Two guides. If 66 . 4. Click the Loft icon . Four guides. Remove the selected element. Five guides. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click OK to create the fill surface. Select guide curves.
1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. None. The surface (identified as Blend. and so forth.needed. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. 4. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Start extremity. A preview of the split appears. You can select several cutting elements. Click the Split icon . The Blend Definition dialog box appears. continuity. 4. In the Spine tab page. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. Successively select the first curve and its support. Tangency then curvature. Select the element to be split. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. End extremity. Vertices. Click OK. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. Several coupling types are available. taking a number of constraints into account. such as tension. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. then the second curve and its support.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Select the cutting element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Blend icon . Set the continuity type using the Basic tab.14. 4. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Tangency. select one or more guide curves. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface.13. 67 . Click OK to create the lofted surface. on both. In that case. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. translating and rotating. or on none. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. only on the End section.
You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. Click the Trim icon . 68 . Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4.14. In that case it appears as a separate Split. A preview of the trimmed element appears. Click OK to split the element.xxx element in the specification tree. The Trim Definition dialog box appears.
14. The selected element is highlighted. Click the Boundary icon . Click OK to extract the element. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. Click OK to create the boundary curve.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. Select a Surface edge. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. or Tangent continuity.). without deleting the initial element. 69 . solids. Click the Extract icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. a point on the curve for example.14. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. The extracted element (identified as Extract. 4.4. points. Select an edge or the face of an element. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. No propagation. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. and so forth.
Select the element to be transformed by scaling. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the translated element.14. Select the element to be translated. Select the element to be rotated. plane or planar surface.14. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. point.4. Select a point. Click the Rotate icon . Click the Affinity icon . 4. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Select the Vector Definition. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Click the Translate icon . Click OK to create the symmetrical element. 4. line or plane as reference element.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. Select the scaling reference point. Click OK to create the scaled element. Select a line as the rotation axis. Click the Scaling icon .14. 4. Click the Symmetry icon . 4. The element (identified as Translate .5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Click OK. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. line or surface element. or more. Click OK to create the rotated element.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation.14. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.14.
Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold.14. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Angle Tolerance. federation.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Sub-Elements To Remove. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X.operation. Z values. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Click the Extrapolate icon . Select a surface Boundary. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent.14. Other options available are Simplify the result. 71 . Click OK to create the affinity element. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. 4. Merging distance. Y. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Click the Join icon. Ignore erroneous elements. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. 4.
while the surface is restored. by clicking the Sharpness tab. Click the Healing icon.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. Select the surface which limits should be restored. Click OK in the dialog box. 4. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces.4. Provided the Tangent mode is active. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. Select the surfaces to be healed. The surface (identified as Heal. Select the surface which limits should be restored. 72 . Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. and selecting one or more edges.14. From the Parameters tab. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. A progression bar is displayed. you can retain sharp edges. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. You can also set the Distance objective.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. define the distance below which elements are to be healed.14.
and type of discontinuity (point. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. Click OK in the dialog box.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design.4. Click the Curve Smooth icon . 73 . The Disassemble dialog box is displayed.14. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. To update the part. A progression bar is displayed. manual update. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. that can be manipulated independently.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. i. A resulting element can be made of several cells. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. Select the element to be disassembled. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4.14. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. To warn you that an update is needed. while the surface is being disassembled. that is to say independent elements are created. To update a part. fill the gaps. A progression bar indicates the . CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. 4. The selected element is disassembled.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies.e. Select the curve to be smoothed.
17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. CATIA displays this new Open_body.x. The result is immediate. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. select the branch of your choice. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . removing open body entities and changing body. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . 4. indicating that it is the active open body. inserting open body entities. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. In the specification tree. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. It is underlined. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. The Change Body dialog box appears. in the specification tree.4. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. This involves. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. 4. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes.
Select a curve. when combined with other products such as Part Design.command. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Extremum icon . a surface. Min. 5. if it was hidden.xxx) is added to the specification tree. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. or a pad. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. or becomes visible. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. The open body or it’s content is hidden. Click OK. 5.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. The point (identified as Extremum. according to given directions. Set the correct options: Max. 5. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. if it was visible. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. edges or faces).
The spine is displayed. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Click Preview. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Max angle. Depending on the selected computation type. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. is added to the specification tree. Click Preview. Max radius. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . The element (identified as Polar Extremum. You can also select a start point. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. the results can be: Min radius. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. a point in this case. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Successively select planes. lofted. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.xxx).3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Min angle. Click OK to create the extremum point. 5. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. on a planar contour. Click the Polar Extremum icon . These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click OK to create the spine. Select the supporting surface of the contour. 76 . in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. This task shows how to create a spine. or filleted surfaces. Click OK.
whether closed or open. The combine (identified as Combine. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Click the Reflect Lines icon . Click the Parallel Curve icon . Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. 5.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears.5. Key in an angle. select the support surface and a direction.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. Click the Combine icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Successively select the two curves to be combined. Click OK to create the element. Select the reference Curve to be offset. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction.
Select the Tools -> Options command. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. The General tab displays. Select points on guide to add other sections. Select the Guiding curve. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Click Preview to preview the swept surface.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. Click OK to create the swept surface. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Assembly Design 78 . You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. When designing the profile to be swept.5. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. The Options dialog box is displayed. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. 5. 6. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. The Reference surface is optional.
In the specification tree.1) is created in the . specific toolbars to the right of the application window. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.2.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. 6. The structure of your assembly now 79 . a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1.2.2. 6. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. In the specification tree.3 Inserting a New Part icon. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch.2 Inserting a Components 6. You can use parts to create products. To create an assembly.1). you need products. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. The Product2 (Product2. 6. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. 6.
You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. The operation is very simple. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. However. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. The result is immediate.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. The application previews the location of the new components. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. To define the direction of creation. If geometry exists in the assembly. check x-axis. Select the component you wish to instantiate. 6. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . 6. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. Click OK to create the components. 6. you should keep in mind the 80 . Instances & Length and Spacing & Length.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. on another component for example. In the specification tree.
The components involved and their status are indicated. The selected component is orange framed (default color). Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. opposite. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 6. Same.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Green graphic symbols are 81 . The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. Depending on the selected elements. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. 6.5. Click the Contact Constraint icon . indicating orientations. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . Select the face to be constrained. As the contact constraint is created. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution).following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Double-clicking activates it. coaxiality or coplanarity. Select the second face to be constrained. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position.5.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Select the faces to be constrained. you may obtain concentricity.
Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. This operation is referred to as "Fix".3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. click More to expand the dialog box. By fixing its position according to other components. you need to specify how faces should be oriented.5. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". Click the Offset Constraint icon . Keep the Angle option. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). which means setting a relative position. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Select the component to be fixed. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . In the dialog box that appears. This constraint is added to the specification tree. Select the faces to be constrained. Click OK to create the offset constraint. The constraint is created.5. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 82 . When setting an angle constraint. you will have to define an angle value. 6. The components involved and their status are indicated. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). 6.5. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Click the Angle Constraint icon . You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. 6.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. Click OK to create the angle component. which means setting an absolute position. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Select the faces to be constrained. that is the light blue .
5.5. Click OK. You can select as many components as you wish. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. 83 .6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Coincidence. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Click the Change Constraint icon . Click OK to confirm. 6. 6. Select the new type of constraint. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. In the Name field.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. The first constraint in the list can now be set. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. Select the constraint to be changed. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. 6. Click the Fix Together icon .8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type.5. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. Angle and Parallelism. Move the fixed component. The Change Type dialog box that appears. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Offset. The Fix Together dialog box appears. but they must belong to the active component. Moving one of them moves the other one too. You can select any constraints. not necessarily in the active component. displays all possible constraints. Select the two entities to be constrained. Click OK to validate the operation. displaying the list of selected components. The components are attached to each other. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact.
but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints.6. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. The constraint is deactivated. The assembly is updated. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. indicating they need an update. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. create a new instance. The default color is black. Click the Update icon whole assembly. cut & paste the original component.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Using no associativity: the option is off. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. 6. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . 6. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white.5. To do so. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. 84 . There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. The constraints are in black. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. Select any activated constraint. Select the Tools -> Options command. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box.
6.1" is displayed below this entity. You can move your component along the x. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.xx" is displayed in the tree.8. If you use the option "generated constraints". you will obtain different results. You can rotate your component around the x. 85 .1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. The third row is reserved for rotations.Click OK to repeat the second component.8 Moving Components 6. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. yz and xz planes. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. Depending on the selected elements. 6. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.8. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. y or z-axis. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. The new component "xxx on RectPattern.
8. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. edge. invert the normal vector of the plane. Optionally. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. Z. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. it creates constraints. The plane passes through the line. move and rotate the section plane. The point is projected onto the plane. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. 6.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. Both lines become collinear. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. also appears. Click the Sectioning icon. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. 6. 86 . A Preview window. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The line is projected onto the plane. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. The point is projected onto the line. showing the generated section. The section plane is automatically created. reference plane or cylinder axis).
For instance modify: viewpoint. Click the Create Scene icon . 6. Add. graphical attributes. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. show-no show. Within a scene. Perform the required modifications. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. click them to reverse the direction. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint.10.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. double-click 'Assembly Split. To edit an assembly split. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. keep in mind the following. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Hole. Perform a Symmetry. Click Ok to end the scene creation. 6. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. Pocket. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts".1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed.6.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. which in turn must contain one part at least. the graphical attributes of the components. The active product at least must include two components. Click OK to confirm. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components.X' in assembly features available in history tree. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . Remove.
Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. 88 . Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Click Apply to perform the operation. keep the selection as it is. Set the explode type. Click Apply to check for interferences. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window.they were in the initial product. 6. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. 6. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Keep All levels set by default. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Selection against all. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Clearance + Contact + Clash. if necessary. Click the Explode icon . 3D is the default type. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Inside one selection. Between two selections. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Keep it.
14. Move components. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Click the Mechanical Design category. command. containing three categories of options: External References. Click the Mechanical Design category.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. The General tab appears..3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. Quick Constraint.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options.6. Click the Infrastructure category.14. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. then the Assembly Design subcategory. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.14. Update and Delete Operation 6.. displaying the following options: Update. Access to geometry. 6. The General tab appears. Constraint Creation. Select Tools -> Options. 89 .
Select the 90 .The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. as well as information on the drawing standards. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed.7. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. . Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. 7. interactive or generated views. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. You may also add.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. 7. Click OK. from the menu bar. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New.. Select the Drafting workbench. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks..2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet.
the view to be created is framed in green. or the A0 ISO format. The active view is framed in red. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. The new sheet automatically appears. From the New Drawing dialog box. The non-active views are framed in blue. select the ISO standard. Select the 1:1 scale. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. If you click this view. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. 7. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. 91 . When you create a view. and then click OK. Even though you then delete sheet1. 7.Drawing workbench. and click OK. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). until you click at the desired view location.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. Select the orientation type.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard.
before the generated view(s) is/are updated. 7. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu.Start creating the front view. As you move the cursor. is detected. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. You can update all views or a selection of views. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Select object. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Blue arrows appear. Right-click the frame of the view. relatively to the front view previously generated. 7. a previewed projection 92 . On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). respectively. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. You can perform an update. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. Click the Drawing window. Click on sheet to place front view.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Any modification applied to the specifications.
for example the right view position. completely describes the object. you can. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. at any time. use Undo or Redo icons. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. together with the top view. In sectioning through irregular objects. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. 93 . Click to position the auxiliary view.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Click the Drawing window. Click to position the callout.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. 7. 7. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Click an edge on the view. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. This auxiliary view.
The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes.7. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. the dialog is exactly the same. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. Click the Drawing window. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Double click to end the cutting profile creation.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. you will select the Clipping 94 . If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. Click the Drawing window. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . 7. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Or. Click the Drawing window. In this particular case. Click the callout center. and click the Aligned Section Cut . Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. You can modify this scale. Click to generate the detail view. 7. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). Click to generate the view. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features.
A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. If needed. the top. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. 7. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. Double-click to end 95 . You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Click the Drawing window.Profile View icon . 7.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. Red zones appear. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. as well as blue manipulators appear. Click the 3D part. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. A breakout view is often a partial section. Click on the sheet. 7. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Click the first point of the breakout profile. translate the profile. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. the left. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. the right. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. Click the Drawing window. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view.
From the contextual menu. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. 7.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Click the Drawing window. Click next add any other view if required. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Select the CATPart document. 7. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. 7. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Left view and Right view). the Top view. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. select Selected objects -> isolate. or all views in the drawing. 7. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned.18 Scaling a View 96 . Click to position the left view. and right-click them. Bottom view. At creation. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Once you are satisfied. views are by default linked to the parent view.
For modifying the detail and section callout. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. This view is now active. In this case. if you are in the background view. Balloons generated 7. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . right-click the detail view. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. go to Product Structure workbench. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. Click OK. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. If needed. 7.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. section views and section cuts. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. This Bill of Material. The detail view is updated. double-click the front view.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. 7. Before positioning the Bill of Material. you can pre-define the position. or parts list. 97 .This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. In this particular case. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu.
The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. For example. radius. Double-click the callout to be modified.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. 3. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. Right-click the pattern to be modified.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. distance The dimensions below: 98 . 7. On views including more dimensions. Then click OK in this Pattern table. On the view for which the dimension are generated. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. the section view is automatically updated. distance. 4. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. only sketched constraints are generated. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. On the view with a bigger scale. 7. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. 2. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. diameter Angle.
Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Dimensions 99 . Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation.23.23. there is only one) is automatically displayed. dimensions are generated on all the views. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. In the case of drawings with several views. to start the dimension generation. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. radius and diameter. angle. by default.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. length. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). 7.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. Click OK to close the dialog box.
on the contrary.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). This task will show you how to create a datum feature.24 Creating a Datum Feature . Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. 7.Click the Not Generated option . 100 . The datum feature is created. the anchor point will be an arrow. dimension. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). not generated. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. the anchor point will be a small balloon. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. If you select a dimension or a text. Click OK when you're done. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. If you select an element. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. no leader will be created. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Click OK. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. If you select a point in the free space. Select an element (geometry. if needed. Enter the desired character string. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. The geometrical tolerance is created. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point).
and select Text Properties.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. If needed. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. size. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. justification. etc. text with leader. such as font style. Choose View -> Toolbars. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.7.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. A red frame appears.26. Text properties can be applied to text. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. dimension text. 7. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. balloon and datum target. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). 101 .26.26 Annotations 7. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. Set the properties of a text.
with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. You can enter another string or value as needed. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Select an element. Click OK. Click OK. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Open any CATProduct document. 7. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Enter values in the desired field(s). On this CATProduct document.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon).7. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location.26. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product.6. If needed. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7. 102 . the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.26. Go over one of the part with your cursor.26. Ra=1. For example. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation.
switch lines and columns.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. and then click to validate. invert lines.26.27 Editing Properties 103 . The welding symbols available depend on your standard. merges cells.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. Select the two elements. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. insert columns. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. import a table. and insert a view in a table. modify the geometry-welding symbol. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.7. The welding symbol is created. Click ok to validate the creation.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. 7. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s).26. Click OK. In this table. and insert views. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. If needed. invert columns. rows. The welding leader will appear. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. Click OK. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed.26. You can also split a table. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. 7. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click the icon to launch the command. 7. If needed. you can add text.
Choose the View tab. 3D Colors. you can create a formula for the view name. Lock view: if you check this option. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Lines and Curves option. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Dress up: Hidden lines. Axis. edit annotation font properties. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. dress-up elements. if needed. 3D Wireframe. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Thread. Click OK.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Click the Graphic Tab. 3D Points. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Among other things. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Center line. 3D spec. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. no more modification allowed in the view. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. if needed. Scale: the scale of the view. Fillets. Choose your options. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp).
f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. Modify the available options. In other words.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. Grid: To define your grid. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. The associated panel is displayed. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. if needed. The Options dialog box appears. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. or leader). The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid.then select the Edit-> Properties command. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. edit dimension value properties. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. frame. 105 . Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Select the Tools->Options command. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. if needed. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. click the Font tab. In the Properties dialog box that appears. 7. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. edit dimension text properties. Modify the available options.
you can define the value at which the dimension is created. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. the dimension is automatically re-computed. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. when you update the drawing. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. Select the Dimension tab in Options. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. To activate this mode. In addition. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. following it dynamically during the creation process. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. View axis: When you activate a view. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. As a result.
Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. perpendicularity and tangency. 3D colors inheritance. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Filters before generation. Generate threads. end points included. or still adding constraints to this geometry. either or not using SmartPick. Hidden lines. Generate centerlines. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Apply 3D specification. then the balloon will be generated twice. the Create detected constraints option is not available. 107 . Properties option. Project 3D wireframe. Select the Geometry tab. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Project 3D points. Select the Generation tab. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. and more and more relationships with existing elements. If all of the detection options are unchecked.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Automatic positioning after generation. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. View tab): Generate axis. Allow automatic transfer between views. Alignment. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Analysis after generation. if a component is used two times within a product. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Horizontality and verticality. Generate fillet. Parallelism. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions.
Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. you can define that you want or not the view name. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. and only visualized by. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. the following dialog box appears. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. As a result. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. Constraint diagnostics. Select the Layout tab.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. scaling factor or frame to appear.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. It is not used for creating solid primitives. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. f)Annotations 108 . the sketch. For this before callout creation check this option. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. This element is used as positioning reference. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing.
or both.. 7. press the shift key. Press OK. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. according to the orientation.You can customize given options when creating annotations. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). command. no matter what the view scale is. Activate the settings.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Select the Edit->Links command. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. 109 . Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. as you will choose to load the referenced document. In this particular case.. Select the Annotation tab. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. It is now possible to customize the settings. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. Press OK.
Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. Create Constraints. 8. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command.8. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Create Detected Constraints. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. View. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. True Length Dimension 8. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Snap to Point. To modify these colors.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select.2 Creating Views 110 . These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Force Dimension on Element. if needed.
8. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. you can create: a top view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. double-click on this isometric view. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Right-click the view used as reference. This is true for any kind of view. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. For example. A blue axis displays in a red frame. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. In this case.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. Press OK. by double-clicking on this view. In other words. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. Press OK. The view plane can be defined and if needed.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. Click the New View icon . Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. For this. a bottom view. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. a left view and a right view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. 8. dimensions. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. modified in this dialog box. Click the Drawing window. From an active front view. In other words.
ellipse. At any time. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. Select more elements to be projected. In this case. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. Select. if needed. using the Action-Object mode. You will first add elements to an existing view. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. select a circle in the top view. Add elements to an existing view. 112 . 8. hyperbola.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. using the Action-Object mode.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. curve). circle. select an arc of a circle in the front view. and then transformed into the receiving view. In this case. parabola. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. the object to be projected. in another view. using the ObjectAction mode.
select the whole front view. 113 .Create an isometric view from scratch. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Select the object defining the view to be created. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. using the Object-Action mode. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. In this case.
Click on the frame to select it. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. select the Visual Clipping check box. If you want constraints to be created. details views. a distance constraint. choose Properties. In the contextual menu. a mode: measured or constraining mode. as you want.6 Reframing a View In this task. Click OK. Select the view and right-click the view frame. In the Visualization and Behavior area. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. isometric views. 8.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. clipping views. a configuration. etc. Click the View tab. The frame can only be rectangular. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. You can reframe any type of view: front views. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 .8.
8. 8.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. If needed. but not between a mix of these. click in the drawing.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. you will learn how to create dimensions.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. When creating dimensions on elements. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. On the Dimensioning toolbar. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. click a second element in the view. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. click the Dimensions icon. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. In other words. 8. If you choose this constraint. you can only create constraints between similar elements. The software proposes you parallelism by default. you can preview the dimensions to be created. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. these relations will be taken into account. Click a first element in the view. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. In other words. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. or between generated elements.
A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Select the dimension. 116 . Select the reference line. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar).e. Select a circle. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Red end points appear. 8. click the centerline. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. you can also access the Properties options. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines.toolbar). Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. i. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. and then the second element. 8. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Click to validate the dimension creation.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse.
Select the Reference Thread type option line. Click the Drawing window. from the (Tools toolbar). The thread is created. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . The thread is created according to this reference. The axes and centerlines are created. In this particular case. Click the Drawing window. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. part-sketched. . Click the Drawing window. generated elements. Select two lines. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. part-generated elements. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. The axis line is created. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. dotting or coloring). you will apply a thread to a hole. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. In the Pattern dialog box. Click the Drawing window. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). The Tap type option activated by default. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon.
you can drag it to change the arrow path. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. 118 . which represents the fillet edge. Select Add a Breakpoint. For the purpose of this exercise.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. The arrow and the selected object are associative. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. under the line. To modify the position of the arrow. Click the Drawing window. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. The arrow is created. A contextual menu appears. The Area Detection dialog box appears.
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