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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . and flexibility. and are less expensive. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. not just that of exterior. and costs are generally lower. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process.Generally. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. cost. Moreover. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. 1. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. For that we need level three: SM systems.
DESIGN. to be sure. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. weight. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. so mass properties (volume. outside. 1. rather than a part of engineering. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. or on the surface of the object in question. By its nature. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. 8 . AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. 1. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model.4 LAYOUTS. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. In this way.systems to handle architectural problems. centre of gravity. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. surface area. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. 1. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate.
Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. To do this from the 3D. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. 2. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. automation of process planning is also impossible.1. or select a planar surface. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. but one that can be surmounted. 9 . This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. With solid. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces.e. right-click the sketch in the specification tree.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. and then select Edit. Without solids. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. it remains a challenge. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Once created. if you need for more complex sketches 2. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar.
2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. on some occasions. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. in which you specify the reference plane. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. . i.e. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. Construction elements 10 . Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. 2. Snap to Point If activated.2. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.
These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. and only visualized by. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the sketch.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). Dimensional Constraints: When selected. 11 . OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab).aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. As a result. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. 2. These elements are used as positioning references. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. These elements cannot be modified. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. graphically speaking. uses edges. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features.
you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. at the midpoint of a line.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. two or three elements. The constraints are in priority dimensional. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. on a point. SmartPick will return information via symbols. any of the above cases possibly combined together.6. whenever possible. all over a curve. using coordinates. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. at the extremity point of a curve.6 Creating Constraints 2. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. Using SmartPick. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. According to the various active options. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. at the intersection point of two curves. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. . the 2.
Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint.constraints and to position this constraint as desired.6. the application displays it in green. Select the profile to be constrained. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected.6. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. they are checked in the dialog box. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Angle. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Once the profile is fully constrained. You can either select the geometry or the command first. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Fix. 2. Select a second element. 2. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. Click OK to constrain the sketch. 2. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. 13 . Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. For editing. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Select a first element. If constraints already exist. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). coincidence and tangency. Parallelism or Perpendicular).6. Horizontal. Coincidence. This constraint can be created between either two elements. by default. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained.
Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. 14 . If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button.2. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar.
Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click to create the parallelogram. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). You are going to define the (i) circle center. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. two centers & two radii.
Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). m) Creating an Arc 16 . j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). circle centers appear on the sketch. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click three elements. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . By default. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle.
r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). To create a Parabola click the focus. and then the hyperbola two extremity points.start. end. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. a) The arc center point. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola.It shows how to create an arc. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. end. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. Double-click to end the spline. c) Through three points –start. To create a hyperbola click the focus. Clicking another command ends the spline too. middle. b) Through three points . Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. start point and end point. middle. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. There are three possibilities. s) Creating a Conic 17 . p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). Double-click the control point you wish to edit. center and apex.
To edit. if needed. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Click two points on the two existing lines. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). x) Creating an Axis 18 . Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. in accordance with both points previously clicked. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. a circle. Click the line first point (first point). t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. one after the other. a parabola or a hyperbola. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). you will create one of the following: an ellipse. As a result. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and.
2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: .8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Select a second line (or an axis). 2. Select a first line (or an axis). Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar.This task shows how to create an axis. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. of course you can create this point manually. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. In this task. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.
Select the two lines. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Select the two curves. Select the first line.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. The second line is also highlighted. Trim All / First / No element. . 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Create two intersecting lines. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Length1/Length2. the first or none of the elements. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. You can create rounded corners between curves. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Select the two lines. Length1/Angle. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar.
Rubber out. Select the line to be broken. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. The complementary arc appears for selected arc.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. The arc will now be closed. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). a construction line or an axis. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. These options are Rubber In. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. The line is now composed of two movable segments. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. For example. a three point arc. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Create a three points arc. Select one or more elements to be relimited. 21 from the Sketch tools . and Break. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar.
Select the geometry to be rotated. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). In other words. multi-select the entire profile. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Select the element(s) to be translated. if needed. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Enter the number of copies you need. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Here. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). enter a precise value for the translation length. Multi-selection is not available. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). In the Translation Definition dialog box. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Select or click the rotation center point. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Select or click a point to define an angle. The duplicate mode is activated by default. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation.
The intersection is yellow. Select the surface. If the line is not already selected.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. select it. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. The selected line is duplicated. There are two possibilities. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. These 23 . Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Both lines are parallel. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). arc or circle. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. The line to be created appears. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. by creating several offset instances. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. the line to be created appears immediately. These projections are yellow. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. Select the face of interest. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane.
Position sketch plane parallel to screen. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. and then click Sketcher. in the Tools toolbar. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. In other words. 2. You can now sketch the required profile. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. Graduations.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. It indicates the overall 24 . The Sketcher tab appears. 2. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. 2. Primary spacing. The Options dialog box appears. Expand the Mechanical Design option.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench.
offers a highly productive.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. from simple to advance. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. 25 .3. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). Actually. This application. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. The New dialog box is displayed. c) specific toolbars. 3. b) the geometry area. To open it. which is fully integrated into Part Design. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities.
Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. ellipse. The Line Definition dialog box appears.2.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command.2. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. 3. 3. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Circle center: Creating point of a circle.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points.3. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. Y. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. . Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. 26 . Between: Creating point between two other points. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction.
Pocket. Rib. Click the Plane icon . Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. others in removing material. Groove. 27 . Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3.2.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Loft. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Some operations consist in adding material. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. In this section. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Once you have defined the plane. Shaft. 3. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. and Remove Loft.Regardless of the line type. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Slot. it is represented by a red square symbol.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. which you can move using the graphic manipulator.
You will notice that by default. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. 3. if you extrude a profile. Up to Plane. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value.3. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value.3.Up to Last. If you wish to define another length for this direction. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . For each of them. the application specifies the length of your pad.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. Up to Surface. By default. 28 . Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. Just click the More button and define the second limit.3. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button.
if you extrude a profile. set the Type parameter to Dimension. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Alternatively. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. using different length values.3. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.3. 3. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. Click the Pocket icon . Click OK to create the pocket. Optionally click Preview to see the result.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. By default. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. up to plane. The specification tree indicates this creation.3. up to last. Double-click Pocket to edit it.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. To define a specific depth. up to surface. Note 29 . Select the profile to be extruded. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . To specify another direction.
The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. pockets and stiffeners. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. you do not have to select the axis. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. and click Preview to see the result. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. For the purposes of our scenario. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. If needed. Enter Thickness2 's value.3. Click the Shaft icon . select LIM1 or 30 . you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. For each of them. Once you have done your modifications. Alternatively. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. Consequently. Select the open profile. 3. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. 3. The profile is previewed in dotted line.3. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. The method described here is also valid for pockets. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. Enter Thickness1 's value. You need an open or closed profile. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. and click Preview to see the result.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. Material has been added to the other side of the profile.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. The resulting features are then called "thin solids".
you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. This task shows you how to create a groove. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. The specification tree mentions it has been created. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. 3. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Click OK to confirm the 31 . Click OK to confirm. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. The shaft is created. Consequently. If needed. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed.3. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. Click Preview to see the result.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. Click the Groove icon .LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. For the purposes of our scenario. Select the profile. you do not have to select the axis. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select.
you need a center curve.operation. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. 3. but you can use standard values. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 .3. By default. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. To define a thread. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. 3. CATIA removes material around the cylinder.3. 3. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Various shapes of standard holes can be created.3. you can enter the values of your choice. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. To define a rib. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.
It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. To create Rib. The rib is created. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. It should be a closed profile. Click OK. you can select a plane or an edge. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. 3. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. The specification tree mentions this creation.2. Click the Rib icon .element or a pulling direction. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. it can be discontinuous in tangency. New options are then available. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Select the profile you wish to sweep. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed.11 Slot 33 .3. To define this direction. The application now previews the rib to be created.
you need a center curve. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Tangency. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Select the three section curves. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. It is closed. By default. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. To define a slot.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. They are highlighted in the geometry area. Click OK to create the volume. Vertices. 3. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. 34 . The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Tangency then curvature.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Reference surface. Select the profile. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created.3. the application computes a spine. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. The feature (identified as Loft. Pulling direction. The resulting feature is a closed volume. Click the Slot icon . Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Loft icon .This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. You can note that by default. a planar profile. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine.
The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. 3. Select the profile to be extruded. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. If you need to use an open profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. . The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears.3.3.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. the application computes a spine. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. Select required sections & guide curves if needed.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie.3. Click OK to create the lofted surface. By default. Click the Remove Loft icon . The Two creation modes are available: 35 . but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. The feature (identified as Loft. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile.
From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. Click OK. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. 36 . You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. The stiffener is created. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. Click the Edge Fillet icon . the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. CATIA displays the radius value. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. Optionally click Preview to see the result. If you set the Tangency mode. Tangency. depending on the radius value you specified. you can then trim the fillets to be created. Conversely. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile.4. The specification tree indicates it has been created. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. When filleting an edge. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Select the edges. Check the Neutral Fiber option. 3. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces.
Select the faces to be filleted. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Click OK.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. 3. the application chamfers its edges. Select the faces to be filleted. This creation is indicated in the specification tree.4.4. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. 3. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle.4.5 Basic Draft 37 . Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Depending on the curve's shape. Instead of entering a radius value. Click OK. Click OK.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. Select the face to be removed. The faces are filleted. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face.3.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.4. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. 3. The specification tree indicates this creation. The fillet will be tangent to this face.
Click OK. Parting element: this plane. 3. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. This element will remain the same during the draft.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . If Keep Parting =Neutral.4. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction.
The reflect line is moved accordingly.4. click the Points field. Select the face to be drafted.4. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . You can add as many points as you wish. Click OK to confirm. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Enter the Default inside thickness field. The feature is shelled. To edit the other angle value. To add a point on the edge. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. indicating the default pulling direction. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. 3. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Select the face to be removed. Click OK.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. 3. 3.9 Thickness 39 . Click the Shell icon . The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values.4. Select face as the neutral element. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. The selected face becomes purple. Select the face. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . This line is used to support the drafted faces.
The application previews the thread. Click OK to create the translated element. This creation appears in the specification tree. Click OK to confirm. pitch value. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Click Preview.xxx) is added to the specification tree. but the thread (identified as Thread. Limit faces must be planar. Click OK. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Enter a positive value.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps.4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Thickness icon . Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area.You can add or remove thickness to parts.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Select the faces to thicken. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Thread/Tap icon . The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Click the Translate icon . Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. You can also specify the direction by means of X. 3. 3. Check the Left-Threaded option.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. This task shows you how to translate a body. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Select the upper face as the limit face. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. 40 . Y. The element (identified as Translate. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread.5. The part is thickened accordingly. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Enter the thread depth.
xxx) is added to the specification tree. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.5. The application previews the material to be created. Click OK to confirm the operation. 3.5. The element is rotated. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. Click OK to create the rotated element. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. line or plane as reference element. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The new element (identified as Symmetry. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Select a point. Enter a value for the rotation angle.5. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.5. 3. The pads are mirrored. Click the Rotate icon . Click the Symmetry icon . You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. The command applies to current bodies.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Select an edge as the rotation axis.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.3.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click the Mirror icon . The specification tree mentions this creation. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. The element (identified as Rotate. 3.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .
Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Let the Instances & Spacing option. Patterns let you do so. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Select the feature you wish to copy. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. The feature "RectPattern. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Instances & Spacing. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Now. If needed.This is the resulting pattern. Click OK. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Defining the spacing along the grid. Spacing & Length. Instances & angular spacing. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. These features accelerate the creation process. 42 . Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Angular spacing & total angle.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. circular and user patterns.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. These parameters are: Instances & total angle.5. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. An arrow is displayed on the pad. complete crown.
Click the User Pattern icon . Click OK. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Now. The specification tree indicates this creation.6. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Click OK. 3. To do so. This axis will be normal to the face. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. One more ring of pads will be added. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. The body is scaled. Click the Scaling icon . Click Preview. you can select an edge or a planar face. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. Select the body to be scaled.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. The pad will be repeated seven times. The feature appears in the Object field.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. These points are created in the Sketch. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it.5.6 Measuring 3. 3.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. you are going to add a crown to your part.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. 3. Select the reference point located on the body.5. To define a direction. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. click the Crown Definition tab. Click OK.
Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. Click to select another surface. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. 3. Click the Measure Item icon. If exact values cannot be measured.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. edge or vertex. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. The Measure Between dialog box appears.6. or an entire product (selection 2). edges.). Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . 3. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. edges. edge or vertex.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. Click to select a surface. edges. surfaces. Click the Measure Between icon. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. This command lets you choose the selection mode. or an entire product (selection 1). icon in the Definition box. vertices and entire products) or between points. Switch to Design Mode. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. By default. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. etc. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. The Measure Item dialog box appears. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. surfaces and entire products).6. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.
density and mass of the selected item.7. you can click it to reverse the direction. volume (volumes only). The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. the dialog box also gives the area. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. Click OK. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. The measure is made on the selection. The area. In addition to the center of gravity G. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. Click the Measure Inertia icon. indicating the splitting element. density.7 Surface-Based Features 3.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. 45 . The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The body is split. Select the splitting surface. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. you must select the desired sub-product. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. face or surface. Click the Split icon . Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. 3.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. Material has been removed. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. geometry or assembly.
2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability.7. Click the Close Surface icon . In the geometry area. that is the extrude element. Select the object you wish to thicken. INITIAL 3. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click OK. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.INITIAL 3. Select the surface to be closed. 46 . If you need to reverse the arrow. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.7. just click it. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. Click OK. The surface is closed . The surface is thickened. Click the Thick Surface icon .3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces.
The surface is sewn onto the body. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.7. indicating the object to be sewn. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. Some material has been removed.INITIAL FINAL 3.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. INITIAL FINAL 47 . An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Click the Sew Surface icon .
8. 3. Now. The result is immediate.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. This is your new Part Body. material has been added. indicating that it is the active body. Trimming Bodies. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. 3.x are autonomous. When your part includes several bodies. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. It is underlined. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. INITIAL 48 . select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .3. Intersecting Bodies. Click the Insert Body icon. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. if you wish to combine them. To assemble them. By default. Click OK to confirm.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications.x" in the specification tree.8. Assembling Bodies. It allows you to create complex geometry.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Removing Bodies. You will notice that Part Body and Body. During the operation.
the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .8. The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.FINAL 3. Click the Add icon . Adding a body to another one means uniting them.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. By default.
Part Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 . You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body. Click OK.1 has been removed.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
you often need to select other elements as inputs. Update.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. 3. command Click the Infrastructure category. When creating a geometric element. The tab appears.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. Delete Operation . It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. and their origins when you are editing these elements.. 4. then Display tab. External References. Geometry. you just need to use the Isolate command. Select the Tools -> Options. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. and Delete Operation.9. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object.. containing three categories of options: External References. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. The General tab appears.This task shows you how to set general settings. Click the Infrastructure category. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. they will not be deleted.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. copied elements for example. Update. The Options dialog box is displayed. which means that if they are shared by other features. Select the Tools -> Options command. When selecting a sketch as 54 .3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. containing two categories of options: Specification tree..
Define the number or points to be created (instances field).3 Creating Polylines 55 . 4. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Select a curve or a Point on curve. If you check the with end points option. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. some restrictions apply. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. Click OK to create the planes. The Planes Between dialog box appears. depending on the feature you are creating. 4. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. 4.the input element. in only one operation.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. Click the Planes Repetition icon . You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon .
This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Bitangent and radius . Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Enter all input as specified. 56 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Click the Polyline icon . Enter a Radius value. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Three points. Two points and radius. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. 4. Bitangent and point . These linear segments may be connected by blending radii.Tritangent. Click the Circle icon . The circle (identified as Circle. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Center and point.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs.
Add a point before the selected point. Replace the selected point by another point. Click the Spline icon . 57 .5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. and select a support. Remove the selected point. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.4. You can select the Geometry on support check box. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass.
The corner will be created between these two references. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Click the Helix icon . Click OK to create the helix. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Height.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. such as coils and springs for example. Taper Angle. Orientation. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. 58 . Select a starting point and an axis. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Profile. Select two curves as reference element. Select the Support surface. Enter a Radius value. Click OK to create the corner. 4. Click the Corner icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Starting Angle. Several solutions may be possible. The reference elements must lie on this support.4. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. The Corner Definition dialog box appears.
Specify the Start radius value. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . 4. at which the spiral's first revolution starts.Define the spiral's Orientation. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. along the Reference direction.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Click OK to create the connect curve. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. that is the distance from the Center point. when the spiral is defined by an angle.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Spiral icon .4. that is a in 2D plane. Click the Connect Curve icon . The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Tangency or Curvature. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point.
that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. The projection is added to the specification tree.4. Click the Conic icon . Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. The projection may be normal or along a direction. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Click the Projection icon . 4. passing points or tangents. Select the Support element. You can select several elements to be projected. hyperbolas or ellipses. The Conic Definition dialog box opens.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. 60 . Click OK to create the projection element. Select the element to be projected.
Fill in the conic curve parameters. Select the two elements to be intersected. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears.) 4. etc.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. This element (identified as Intersect. 61 . Avoid using input elements. Point. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. The intersection is displayed. A Contour. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. lines. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. Click the Intersection icon . A Face. Click OK to create the intersection element.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. Click OK to create the surface. 62 .13.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. 4. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. Click the Extrude icon .4. lofting and sweeping. Geometry with no history is called a datum. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears.
2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis.13. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. and angular limits.13.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere.4. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . Click OK to create the surface. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. Click the Revolve icon . The spherical surface is based on a center point. 4.
Select the surface to be offset.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface.dialog box is displayed.13. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Select the center point of the sphere. Click the Offset icon . An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.13. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. Click OK to create the surface. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click Apply to preview the surface. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. 4. Click OK to create the surfaces. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface. along 64 . 4. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). one on each side of the reference surface.
Click the Sweep icon . If needed. select a Second Guide.xxx) is added to the specification tree. select a Spine. Click the Sweep icon . With reference curve. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. Click the Explicit profile icon. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. 65 . b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. With draft direction. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The five possible cases are Two limits. you can select a reference Surface. then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click the Circle icon. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. With tangency surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. If no spine is selected. In the Smooth sweeping section. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. Click the Line profile icon. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. Select a Guide curve. Limit and middle. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. With reference surface. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. If needed. Click the Sweep icon . Select the planar Profile to be swept out. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface.
6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. If not. Remove the selected element. Select a passing point. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Fill icon . Five guides. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. and then use the combo to choose the subtype.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Select guide curves. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine.13. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. the results may be inconsistent. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Click OK to create the fill surface. and enter a radius value. Select one or two section curves.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Two guides. Click OK to create the swept surface. Four guides. Add a new element after or before the selected one. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves.13. such as parabolas. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. 4. The surface (identified as Sweep. Click the Loft icon . Click OK to create the swept surface.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4. hyperbolas or ellipses. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. Three guides. If 66 . The surface (identified as Sweep. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Click the Conic icon. Replace the selected element by another curve.
The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. then the second curve and its support. Tangency then curvature. on both. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. 67 . You can select several cutting elements. In the Spine tab page.xxx) is added to the specification tree. select one or more guide curves. The surface (identified as Blend. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. 4. and so forth. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Click the Split icon . Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Successively select the first curve and its support. Click OK to create the lofted surface. only on the End section. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. Select the cutting element.14.needed.13. In that case. Click the Blend icon . Several coupling types are available. or on none. such as tension. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. Vertices. 4. 4. Start extremity. End extremity. A preview of the split appears. The Blend Definition dialog box appears.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Select the element to be split. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Tangency. continuity. translating and rotating. None. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. taking a number of constraints into account. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Click OK.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface.
In that case it appears as a separate Split. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. A preview of the trimmed element appears.14.xxx element in the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Click the Trim icon . The Trim Definition dialog box appears.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. 4. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Click OK to split the element. 68 . Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.
solids. Click OK to extract the element.14. No propagation. or Tangent continuity. Click OK to create the boundary curve. The extracted element (identified as Extract.4. 4.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. 69 . The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. and so forth. Select a Surface edge. Click the Boundary icon . Click the Extract icon . The selected element is highlighted. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. without deleting the initial element. a point on the curve for example. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves.xxx) is added to the specification tree. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. points.). The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type.14. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. Select an edge or the face of an element.
5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. The element (identified as Translate . Click OK. line or plane as reference element.14. Select a line as the rotation axis. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . point.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. Select the element to be transformed by affinity.14. Click OK to create the rotated element. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Click the Scaling icon . Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click OK to create the scaled element.4. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Select a point. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click the Symmetry icon . Click the Translate icon . 4. 4.14. or more.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. 4. Click the Rotate icon . Select the element to be rotated. plane or planar surface. Select the element to be translated. Select the Vector Definition.14. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.14. Select the scaling reference point.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Click the Affinity icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the translated element. 4. line or surface element. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.
Other options available are Simplify the result. Angle Tolerance. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. 4. federation. Y.14. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Z values. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Click OK to create the affinity element. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. The Join Definition dialog box appears.14. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. Select a surface Boundary.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Merging distance. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. 4. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Click the Join icon. Sub-Elements To Remove. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Click the Extrapolate icon . Ignore erroneous elements.operation.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. 71 . Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal.
Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. The surface (identified as Heal.14.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. while the surface is restored. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle.14. Select the surfaces to be healed. 4. A progression bar is displayed. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. Select the surface which limits should be restored. Click the Healing icon. Provided the Tangent mode is active. 72 .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK in the dialog box.4.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. and selecting one or more edges. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. Select the surface which limits should be restored. by clicking the Sharpness tab. From the Parameters tab. you can retain sharp edges. You can also set the Distance objective.
73 .14. Click the Curve Smooth icon . To update the part.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. while the surface is being disassembled. manual update. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. and type of discontinuity (point.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. To warn you that an update is needed. i. A progression bar indicates the . CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. Select the curve to be smoothed. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. 4.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. A progression bar is displayed. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. A resulting element can be made of several cells. that is to say independent elements are created. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). To update a part. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. The selected element is disassembled. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing.14. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. that can be manipulated independently. Select the element to be disassembled. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar.e. fill the gaps. Click OK in the dialog box.4.
In the specification tree. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. It is underlined. in the specification tree. removing open body entities and changing body. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. The Change Body dialog box appears. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree.x. indicating that it is the active open body. Select the new body where the open body is to be located.4. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. select the branch of your choice. The result is immediate. 4. This involves. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. 4. inserting open body entities. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . CATIA displays this new Open_body.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree.
5. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. 5.xxx) is added to the specification tree. if it was visible. a surface. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 .command. The open body or it’s content is hidden. or a pad. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. edges or faces). that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. The point (identified as Extremum. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. Set the correct options: Max. if it was hidden.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. Min. according to given directions. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. or becomes visible. when combined with other products such as Part Design. Select a curve. 5. Click the Extremum icon . Click OK.
lofted. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Depending on the selected computation type.xxx). 5. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. 76 . on a planar contour. Max radius. Select the supporting surface of the contour. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. The spine is displayed. Click OK to create the spine. Click the Polar Extremum icon . that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. a point in this case. or filleted surfaces. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Max angle. This task shows how to create a spine. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Click Preview. Click Preview. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. You can also select a start point. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. the results can be: Min radius. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Successively select planes.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click OK to create the extremum point.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. is added to the specification tree. Click OK. Min angle.
Key in an angle. 5. whether closed or open. The combine (identified as Combine. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Click the Combine icon .5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. select the support surface and a direction. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. Select the reference Curve to be offset. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears.5. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the element. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Click the Reflect Lines icon . Successively select the two curves to be combined. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions.
Assembly Design 78 . You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. 6. 5. Select the Guiding curve.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. The General tab displays. Select points on guide to add other sections. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. The Options dialog box is displayed. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. The Reference surface is optional.5. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. Select the Tools -> Options command. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon .8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. When designing the profile to be swept.
select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly.2. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts.2. 6. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. You can use parts to create products.3 Inserting a New Part icon. 6.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. To create an assembly.1). In the specification tree. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. 6.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch.2 Inserting a Components 6. In the specification tree. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. Those products can in turn be used to create other products.1) is created in the . a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The structure of your assembly now 79 . The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. The Product2 (Product2. you need products. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. 6.2. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly.
Click OK to create the components. Select the component you wish to instantiate. you should keep in mind the 80 . indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. 6. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. The application previews the location of the new components. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. select Product1 and click the New Part icon .This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. check x-axis. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. However. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . To define the direction of creation. The result is immediate. Select the component you wish to instantiate. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. In the specification tree. 6. If geometry exists in the assembly. on another component for example. 6. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon .4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The operation is very simple.
Depending on the selected elements. Select the face to be constrained. 6. Same. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Green graphic symbols are 81 . The components involved and their status are indicated.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. you may obtain concentricity. Double-clicking activates it.5. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Select the second face to be constrained. 6.5. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. The selected component is orange framed (default color). coaxiality or coplanarity. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. As the contact constraint is created.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. indicating orientations. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. opposite.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Click the Contact Constraint icon .
Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . When setting an angle constraint. By fixing its position according to other components. 82 . click More to expand the dialog box. which means setting a relative position. This operation is referred to as "Fix". The constraint is created.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Click OK to create the offset constraint. The components involved and their status are indicated. Click OK to create the angle component. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Keep the Angle option. This constraint is added to the specification tree.5. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees).4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. that is the light blue . Parallelism (angle value equals zero). The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. Select the faces to be constrained. 6. Click the Angle Constraint icon . You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. 6. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. which means setting an absolute position. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. you will have to define an angle value. 6. Select the faces to be constrained.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space".5. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Click the Offset Constraint icon . In the dialog box that appears. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. Select the component to be fixed.5.
Move the fixed component. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only.5. You can select as many components as you wish. The Fix Together dialog box appears.5. but they must belong to the active component. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Click OK to confirm. Click OK. 83 . You can select any constraints. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Click the Change Constraint icon . The Change Type dialog box that appears. The components are attached to each other. The first constraint in the list can now be set. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. 6. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. Select the new type of constraint. Offset. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. displays all possible constraints.5.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Moving one of them moves the other one too. Click OK to validate the operation. 6.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. Coincidence. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. not necessarily in the active component. Select the constraint to be changed. displaying the list of selected components. Click the Fix Together icon . Angle and Parallelism. 6. Select the two entities to be constrained. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. In the Name field.
Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. three options are available: Reuse the original component. The default color is black. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . The assembly is updated. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance.5. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice.6. Using no associativity: the option is off. indicating they need an update. Select the Tools -> Options command. 6.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. 84 . Control-click to select the component to be repeated. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. cut & paste the original component. To do so. Click the Update icon whole assembly. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. The constraint is deactivated.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. The constraints are in black. 6. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. create a new instance. Select any activated constraint. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated.
1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. you will obtain different results. y or z-axis as well as in the xy.8. The third row is reserved for rotations. If you use the option "generated constraints". The new component "xxx on RectPattern.8 Moving Components 6.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.1" is displayed below this entity. 6. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. yz and xz planes. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. y or z-axis.xx" is displayed in the tree. You can move your component along the x. Depending on the selected elements. You can rotate your component around the x. 6. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command.Click OK to repeat the second component.8. 85 .
Click the Sectioning icon. 6. The plane passes through the line. The line is projected onto the plane. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. The point is projected onto the plane. reference plane or cylinder axis).9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. showing the generated section.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. Z.8. invert the normal vector of the plane. 86 . This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. Optionally. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The point is projected onto the line. also appears. The section plane is automatically created. 6. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. move and rotate the section plane. A Preview window. edge. Both lines become collinear. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. it creates constraints. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined.
Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts".10. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. the graphical attributes of the components.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Click the Create Scene icon . which in turn must contain one part at least. double-click 'Assembly Split. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. graphical attributes. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. 6. click them to reverse the direction. Perform a Symmetry. Click Ok to end the scene creation. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. For instance modify: viewpoint. Click OK to confirm. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. 6. Add. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . To edit an assembly split.6. keep in mind the following. Hole.X' in assembly features available in history tree. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. Pocket. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Remove. Perform the required modifications. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. Within a scene. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. show-no show. The active product at least must include two components.
3D is the default type.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Inside one selection. 6. Set the explode type. keep the selection as it is. if necessary. The Explode dialog box is displayed. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Between two selections. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Selection against all. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Keep All levels set by default. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. 88 . Click the Explode icon . Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Click Apply to check for interferences. 6. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Click Apply to perform the operation. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Keep it. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash.they were in the initial product. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon.
14. The General tab appears. containing three categories of options: External References. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Quick Constraint. Access to geometry. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. Update and Delete Operation 6.. command.14. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. then the Assembly Design subcategory.6.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Select Tools -> Options.. Click the Mechanical Design category.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. displaying the following options: Update. Constraint Creation.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. Click the Infrastructure category. 89 . Move components. 6.14. Click the Mechanical Design category.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. The General tab appears.
7. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. Select the 90 . Select the Drafting workbench. as well as information on the drawing standards.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. You may also add. .1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. from the menu bar.. Click OK. 7. interactive or generated views. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet.7.. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box.
select the ISO standard.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. the view to be created is framed in green.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. Even though you then delete sheet1. The active view is framed in red. Select the orientation type. 7.Drawing workbench. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. and click OK. 7. or the A0 ISO format. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. until you click at the desired view location. From the New Drawing dialog box. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed. When you create a view. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). 91 . Select the 1:1 scale. The new sheet automatically appears. If you click this view. and then click OK. The non-active views are framed in blue. the sheets newly created will keep the same name.
6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. You can perform an update. Select object.Start creating the front view. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. respectively. a previewed projection 92 . relatively to the front view previously generated. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. is detected. Blue arrows appear. Click the Drawing window. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Click on sheet to place front view. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). before the generated view(s) is/are updated. You can update all views or a selection of views. 7. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). Right-click the frame of the view. Any modification applied to the specifications. As you move the cursor.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. 7. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon.
This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. you can. 93 . Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. for example the right view position. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. together with the top view. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Click to position the auxiliary view. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. Click inside the green frame to generate the view.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. use Undo or Redo icons. In sectioning through irregular objects. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). 7. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. This auxiliary view. Click the Drawing window.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. Click an edge on the view. Click to position the callout. at any time. completely describes the object. 7. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection.
If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Click the Drawing window.7. you will click the Detail View Profile icon .11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Click to generate the view. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Click the Drawing window. 7. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. you will select the Clipping 94 . Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Click the callout center. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. Click to generate the detail view. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. Click the Drawing window. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). 7. Or. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. and click the Aligned Section Cut . In order to include in a section certain angled elements. the dialog is exactly the same. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). In this particular case. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. You can modify this scale.
Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). Click on the sheet. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. 7. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. A breakout view is often a partial section.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. 7. the top. the left. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. Click the Drawing window. Click the first point of the breakout profile.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. the right. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. If needed. as well as blue manipulators appear.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. Red zones appear. Click the 3D part. Click the Drawing window. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. translate the profile. Double-click to end 95 . Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. 7. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally.Profile View icon .
Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Bottom view.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Select the views you want to isolate (for example.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. select Selected objects -> isolate. views are by default linked to the parent view. Click next add any other view if required. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. From the contextual menu. At creation. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). transforming a generated view into an interactive view.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. 7. Click the Drawing window. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. and right-click them. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. 7. Select the CATPart document. Left view and Right view). 7. Once you are satisfied. Click to position the left view. or all views in the drawing.18 Scaling a View 96 . Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. 7. the Top view. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.
select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. double-click the front view. 7. Before positioning the Bill of Material. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. Balloons generated 7. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . go to Product Structure workbench. The detail view is updated. This Bill of Material.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. In this particular case. In this case.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. 97 . Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. you can pre-define the position. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. section views and section cuts. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. For modifying the detail and section callout. if you are in the background view. 7. Click OK. right-click the detail view. This view is now active. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. or parts list. If needed. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry.
3. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. only sketched constraints are generated. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. On the view with a bigger scale. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. On the view for which the dimension are generated. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. Right-click the pattern to be modified. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. Then click OK in this Pattern table. distance.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. 4. 7. 2. On views including more dimensions. 7. distance The dimensions below: 98 . For example.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. diameter Angle. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. radius. Double-click the callout to be modified. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. the section view is automatically updated. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears.
Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. angle. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. by default.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. there is only one) is automatically displayed.23. radius and diameter. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. In the case of drawings with several views. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). to start the dimension generation. dimensions are generated on all the views. 7. length. Click OK to close the dialog box. Dimensions 99 .23. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part.
Click OK when you're done. If you select a point in the free space. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The datum feature is created. Enter the desired character string. The geometrical tolerance is created. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Click OK. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value).Click the Not Generated option .24 Creating a Datum Feature . dimension. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. the anchor point will be an arrow. if needed. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. not generated. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. on the contrary. If you select a dimension or a text. 7. no leader will be created. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. If you select an element.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). 100 . You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Select an element (geometry. the anchor point will be a small balloon.
26. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. 101 . 7. Text properties can be applied to text. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. A red frame appears.26. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. Choose View -> Toolbars. such as font style. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. text with leader. Set the properties of a text. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. justification. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. If needed. dimension text. etc. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element.26 Annotations 7.7. and select Text Properties.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. balloon and datum target. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. size. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end).
4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product.26. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. Enter values in the desired field(s). 7. Select an element. Ra=1.26. Click OK. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. For example.7. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. If needed. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field.26. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Click OK. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location.6. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Go over one of the part with your cursor. You can enter another string or value as needed. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. Open any CATProduct document. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. 7.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. 102 . On this CATProduct document. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon).
Click ok to validate the creation.26. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. insert columns. Click OK. import a table. Click OK. 7. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. If needed. switch lines and columns. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing.7. The welding leader will appear. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. and insert a view in a table.26. Select the two elements. modify the geometry-welding symbol. In this table. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. and insert views. merges cells. The welding symbol is created.27 Editing Properties 103 . Click the icon to launch the command. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s).8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. you can add text. and then click to validate. You can also split a table.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol.26. invert lines. invert columns. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. 7. rows. If needed.
Choose the View tab. if needed. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Click OK. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . Thread. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Axis. Scale: the scale of the view. Lock view: if you check this option. Lines and Curves option. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Among other things. Fillets. Click the Graphic Tab. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. 3D Points. Choose your options. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. if needed. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Center line.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. 3D spec. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. edit annotation font properties. no more modification allowed in the view. 3D Colors. you can create a formula for the view name. Dress up: Hidden lines. 3D Wireframe. dress-up elements. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and.
you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. The Options dialog box appears. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands.then select the Edit-> Properties command. Select the Tools->Options command. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. 105 . The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. 7. or leader). Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. click the Font tab. Modify the available options. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. Modify the available options. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. In other words. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. Grid: To define your grid. edit dimension value properties. if needed. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. frame. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. if needed. edit dimension text properties. The associated panel is displayed. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab.
Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. the dimension is automatically re-computed. View axis: When you activate a view. you can choose to visualize the view axis. when you update the drawing. As a result. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. To activate this mode. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . following it dynamically during the creation process. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Select the Dimension tab in Options. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. In addition. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset.
end points included. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Parallelism. Generate threads. Project 3D wireframe. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. or still adding constraints to this geometry. 107 . 3D colors inheritance. Properties option. Generate fillet. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Project 3D points. Apply 3D specification. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. perpendicularity and tangency. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. View tab): Generate axis. Alignment. either or not using SmartPick. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Horizontality and verticality. Analysis after generation. Allow automatic transfer between views. Filters before generation. Generate centerlines. Select the Generation tab. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Automatic positioning after generation. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. then the balloon will be generated twice. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Select the Geometry tab. and more and more relationships with existing elements. if a component is used two times within a product. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Hidden lines.
you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. you can define that you want or not the view name. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. the sketch. f)Annotations 108 . It is not used for creating solid primitives. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. This element is used as positioning reference. For this before callout creation check this option.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. Constraint diagnostics. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. and only visualized by. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Select the Layout tab. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. the following dialog box appears. scaling factor or frame to appear. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. As a result. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols.
. 7. In this particular case.. according to the orientation. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. Press OK. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping.You can customize given options when creating annotations. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. It is now possible to customize the settings. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. 109 . Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). Activate the settings. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Select the Edit->Links command. Press OK. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. Select the Annotation tab. command. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. or both. no matter what the view scale is. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. as you will choose to load the referenced document. press the shift key.
8. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command.8. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. To modify these colors. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. Create Detected Constraints. View. True Length Dimension 8. Snap to Point. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types.2 Creating Views 110 . Create Constraints. Force Dimension on Element. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. if needed.
From an active front view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. A blue axis displays in a red frame. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Right-click the view used as reference. you can create: a top view. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. modified in this dialog box. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. Press OK. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). a bottom view. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. In other words. a left view and a right view. Press OK. Click the Drawing window. double-click on this isometric view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. 8. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. For example. 8. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. This is true for any kind of view. dimensions. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. In this case. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. by double-clicking on this view.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. Click the New View icon . For this. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). In other words.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view.
if needed. In this case. Add elements to an existing view. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. circle. in another view. 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. the object to be projected. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. Select. In this case. At any time. using the Action-Object mode. and then transformed into the receiving view. using the ObjectAction mode. select an arc of a circle in the front view. ellipse. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. using the Action-Object mode. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. select a circle in the top view. 112 . parabola. curve). hyperbola. Select more elements to be projected. You will first add elements to an existing view.
Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. In this case. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar.Create an isometric view from scratch. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. using the Object-Action mode. select the whole front view. 113 . Select the object defining the view to be created. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view.
8. In the Visualization and Behavior area. etc.6 Reframing a View In this task. If you want constraints to be created. select the Visual Clipping check box.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. a mode: measured or constraining mode. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. clipping views. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. as you want. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. Click on the frame to select it. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. Select the view and right-click the view frame. You can reframe any type of view: front views. In the contextual menu. Click OK.8. details views. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . The frame can only be rectangular. a configuration. Click the View tab. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. a distance constraint. isometric views. choose Properties.
The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. click a second element in the view. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. The software proposes you parallelism by default. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. In other words. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. or between generated elements. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. click in the drawing. On the Dimensioning toolbar. When creating dimensions on elements. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar).9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. 8. you can only create constraints between similar elements. you will learn how to create dimensions. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. If you choose this constraint. 8. you can preview the dimensions to be created.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. these relations will be taken into account. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. In other words. If needed.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. click the Dimensions icon. Click a first element in the view. but not between a mix of these. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. 8. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements.
11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles.toolbar). and then the second element. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select a circle. 8. 8.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. Click to validate the dimension creation. Select the dimension. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. click the centerline. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. i. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Red end points appear. 116 . you can also access the Properties options. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. If you right-click the dimension before creation.e. Select the reference line.
The thread is created according to this reference. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. In the Pattern dialog box. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. from the (Tools toolbar). Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. In this particular case. The axis line is created. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. Click the Drawing window. generated elements. The Tap type option activated by default. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. you will apply a thread to a hole. Click the Drawing window. The axes and centerlines are created. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). and click the Thread icon up toolbar. . dotting or coloring). and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. part-generated elements. Select two lines. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. Select the Reference Thread type option line. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. part-sketched. The thread is created. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. Click the Drawing window. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. Click the Drawing window. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Select the Thread type option from the Dress .
The arrow is created. you can drag it to change the arrow path. Click the Drawing window. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. The Area Detection dialog box appears.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. For the purpose of this exercise. To modify the position of the arrow. A contextual menu appears. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. which represents the fillet edge. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. 118 . Select Add a Breakpoint. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. under the line. The arrow and the selected object are associative. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). A breakpoint is added to the arrow.
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