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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
and costs are generally lower. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. and are less expensive. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. and flexibility. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. For that we need level three: SM systems. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. 1. Moreover. not just that of exterior. cost. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory.Generally.
But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. In this way. centre of gravity.systems to handle architectural problems. surface area. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. or on the surface of the object in question. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. so mass properties (volume. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. rather than a part of engineering. weight.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. DESIGN. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. outside.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. By its nature. 1. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images.4 LAYOUTS. 1. 8 . 1. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. to be sure.
automation of process planning is also impossible. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. and then select Edit. 9 .7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. 2. Once created. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. or select a planar surface.1. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. if you need for more complex sketches 2. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. Without solids. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. To do this from the 3D.e. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. but one that can be surmounted.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. it remains a challenge. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. With solid. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane.
As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. Snap to Point If activated. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch.e.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. i. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. Construction elements 10 . The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. in which you specify the reference plane. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. 2. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. . and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology.2. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . on some occasions. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained).
Geometrical Constraints: When selected. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. 2. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. the sketch. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). graphically speaking. These elements cannot be modified. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. 11 . As a result. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. These elements are used as positioning references. and only visualized by. uses edges. Dimensional Constraints: When selected.
Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. two or three elements. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. SmartPick will return information via symbols. all over a curve. any of the above cases possibly combined together. at the intersection point of two curves. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). the 2.6 Creating Constraints 2. Using SmartPick. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. using coordinates.6. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. whenever possible. . The constraints are in priority dimensional. at the extremity point of a curve. According to the various active options.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. at the midpoint of a line. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. on a point.
13 . they are checked in the dialog box.6. Once the profile is fully constrained. coincidence and tangency. 2. the application displays it in green. Select a second element. This constraint can be created between either two elements. by default. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. Coincidence. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. If constraints already exist.6. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Parallelism or Perpendicular). 2.constraints and to position this constraint as desired.6. Horizontal. Fix. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Select the profile to be constrained. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. You can either select the geometry or the command first.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. For editing. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. Select a first element. 2. Angle.
14 . Click to create the oriented rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar.2. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space).
The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. Click to create the parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . two centers & two radii. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. You are going to define the (i) circle center. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).
The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click three elements. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. m) Creating an Arc 16 . Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). circle centers appear on the sketch. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. By default. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points.
There are three possibilities. a) The arc center point.It shows how to create an arc. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). end. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. To create a Parabola click the focus. To create a hyperbola click the focus. b) Through three points . Clicking another command ends the spline too. middle. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. middle. Double-click to end the spline. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. c) Through three points –start. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. s) Creating a Conic 17 . Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. start point and end point. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). end.start. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. center and apex.
This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. As a result. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. Click the line first point (first point). or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. To edit. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). Click two points on the two existing lines. a circle. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. in accordance with both points previously clicked. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). if needed. a parabola or a hyperbola. one after the other. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. x) Creating an Axis 18 .
8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. 2. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. In this task. Select a first line (or an axis). Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar.This task shows how to create an axis. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Select a second line (or an axis). Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. of course you can create this point manually.
Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the first line. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. You can create rounded corners between curves. Select the two curves. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. the first or none of the elements. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Select the two lines. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . . The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Create two intersecting lines. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). Trim All / First / No element. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Length1/Length2. Length1/Angle. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. The second line is also highlighted. Select the two lines. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed.
The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Select the line to be broken. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Select one or more elements to be relimited. Rubber out. a construction line or an axis. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. a three point arc. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). For example. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. These options are Rubber In. The line is now composed of two movable segments. Create a three points arc. The arc will now be closed. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. and Break. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. 21 from the Sketch tools . The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar.
Here.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. In the Translation Definition dialog box. The duplicate mode is activated by default. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Select the element(s) to be scaled. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). if needed. Select or click a point to define an angle. Select or click the rotation center point. Select the geometry to be rotated. In other words. Enter the number of copies you need. enter a precise value for the translation length. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). multi-select the entire profile. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Select the element(s) to be translated. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Multi-selection is not available. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation.
14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. by creating several offset instances. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select the face of interest. The intersection is yellow. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. If the line is not already selected. There are two possibilities.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. The selected line is duplicated. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. These 23 . 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The line to be created appears. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). These projections are yellow. arc or circle. Select the surface. the line to be created appears immediately. Both lines are parallel. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. select it.
you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. 2. Primary spacing. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. in the Tools toolbar. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. It indicates the overall 24 . 2. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. Expand the Mechanical Design option. and then click Sketcher. Graduations. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. The Options dialog box appears.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. The Sketcher tab appears. 2. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. You can now sketch the required profile. In other words.
which is fully integrated into Part Design. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. 3. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. To open it. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. offers a highly productive. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. This application. from simple to advance. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. Actually. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice.3. The New dialog box is displayed. c) specific toolbars. 25 .Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. b) the geometry area. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach.
3.2.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. 3. The Line Definition dialog box appears. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Circle center: Creating point of a circle.2.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. . Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Y. ellipse. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. 26 . Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction.3. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Between: Creating point between two other points.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon .
Slot. Some operations consist in adding material. Click the Plane icon . it is represented by a red square symbol. Rib. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Loft. Groove. Pocket. and Remove Loft. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. others in removing material. 3. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3.2. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Once you have defined the plane. 27 . In this section. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Shaft. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad.Regardless of the line type.
For each of them.Up to Last. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. Just click the More button and define the second limit. Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. 3.3. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Up to Plane. if you extrude a profile. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green.3. Up to Surface. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. 28 . Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. You will notice that by default. the application specifies the length of your pad. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button.3.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. By default. If you wish to define another length for this direction.
3. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. up to plane.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. set the Type parameter to Dimension. Alternatively. if you extrude a profile. Double-click Pocket to edit it. using different length values. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Note 29 . Click the Multi-Pocket icon . up to surface. Optionally click Preview to see the result. To define a specific depth. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. Click OK to create the pocket. Click the Pocket icon . The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Select the profile to be extruded.3. up to last. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.3. The specification tree indicates this creation. 3. To specify another direction. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. By default.
The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. select LIM1 or 30 . Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. Once you have done your modifications. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. For each of them. Enter Thickness2 's value. Click the Shaft icon . you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. and click Preview to see the result. Select the open profile. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The method described here is also valid for pockets. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Alternatively. If needed. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. you do not have to select the axis. 3. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. The profile is previewed in dotted line.3. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. pockets and stiffeners.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. Consequently. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. Enter Thickness1 's value. and click Preview to see the result. For the purposes of our scenario. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. 3. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.3. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. You need an open or closed profile. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch.
3.3. Consequently. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. you do not have to select the axis. Click OK to confirm the 31 . If needed. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. Click Preview to see the result. For the purposes of our scenario. Click OK to confirm. Select the profile. The shaft is created. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. The specification tree mentions it has been created. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Click the Groove icon . You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. This task shows you how to create a groove. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree.
Various shapes of standard holes can be created. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.3.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. you can enter the values of your choice. you need a center curve. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.operation. To define a thread. 3. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. 3.3. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . To define a rib. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. 3. By default. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm.3. but you can use standard values.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user.
The rib is created. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar.2. New options are then available. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Click the Rib icon .element or a pulling direction. The specification tree mentions this creation.11 Slot 33 . Click OK. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. To create Rib. 3. you can select a plane or an edge. it can be discontinuous in tangency. It should be a closed profile. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends.3. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. The application now previews the rib to be created. To define this direction. Select the profile you wish to sweep.
Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio.3. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. Tangency then curvature. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. Click the Loft icon . you need a center curve.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Select the profile. You can note that by default. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. Vertices. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The resulting feature is a closed volume. 34 . By default. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Tangency. 3. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Select the three section curves. Pulling direction. To define a slot. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. The feature (identified as Loft. Reference surface. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. the application computes a spine. They are highlighted in the geometry area.The Loft Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the volume. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. Click the Slot icon . It is closed. a planar profile.
Click OK to create the lofted surface. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . .3. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie.3.3. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Click the Remove Loft icon . The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. By default. The feature (identified as Loft. the application computes a spine.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. 3.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. Select the profile to be extruded. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. If you need to use an open profile. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material.
The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. depending on the radius value you specified. CATIA displays the radius value. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Click the Edge Fillet icon . Select the edges. Check the Neutral Fiber option. The specification tree indicates it has been created. Tangency. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. you can then trim the fillets to be created.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. 3. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. If you set the Tangency mode. 36 . just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. Conversely. When filleting an edge. The stiffener is created. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane.4. Optionally click Preview to see the result.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. Click OK. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile.
Select the faces to be filleted. Select the face to be removed. Click OK.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. 3. The fillet will be tangent to this face.4. 3. Depending on the curve's shape. Click OK.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Instead of entering a radius value. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The specification tree indicates this creation. the application chamfers its edges.5 Basic Draft 37 .4. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Select the faces to be filleted.4. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. 3.4. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. Click OK. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle.3.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. The faces are filleted. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.
Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Click OK. you then can also check the option Draft both sides.4. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. If Keep Parting =Neutral. 3.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. This element will remain the same during the draft. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. Parting element: this plane.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation.
3.4. Click OK to confirm.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon .7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. To edit the other angle value. Click the Shell icon . This line is used to support the drafted faces. The feature is shelled. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. Select face as the neutral element. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears.4. The reflect line is moved accordingly.4. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. 3. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. 3. Enter the Default inside thickness field. indicating the default pulling direction. click the Points field. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. The selected face becomes purple. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. To add a point on the edge. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Select the face to be removed. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . displays the variable angle draft option as activated. Click OK. Select the face to be drafted.9 Thickness 39 . You can add as many points as you wish. Select the face. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like.
Click the Thread/Tap icon . but the thread (identified as Thread. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Y. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. The element (identified as Translate. Select the faces to thicken. Enter a positive value. This creation appears in the specification tree. Click the Translate icon . Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. 40 . The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. You can also specify the direction by means of X. Enter the thread depth. Click OK to create the translated element. Click Preview. Click OK to confirm. 3. Click OK. Click the Thickness icon . There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. The application previews the thread.5. 3. pitch value. Check the Left-Threaded option. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. The part is thickened accordingly. This task shows you how to translate a body.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Specify the translation distance by entering a value.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Select the upper face as the limit face. Limit faces must be planar.4.
3. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.5. Click OK to create the rotated element. The element (identified as Rotate.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The application previews the material to be created. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.xxx) is added to the specification tree.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Rotate icon . The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. The specification tree mentions this creation.3. line or plane as reference element. Click the Symmetry icon . The new element (identified as Symmetry. The pads are mirrored. 3. The command applies to current bodies. Click OK to confirm the operation.5.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. 3. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Select an edge as the rotation axis.5. Select a point. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. Enter a value for the rotation angle. Click the Mirror icon . The element is rotated.5.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .
Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Instances & angular spacing. Select the feature you wish to copy. Patterns let you do so. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Angular spacing & total angle. 42 .1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Spacing & Length. The feature "RectPattern. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. These parameters are: Instances & total angle.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. An arrow is displayed on the pad. circular and user patterns. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Now.This is the resulting pattern. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. complete crown. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Click OK. If needed. Defining the spacing along the grid.5. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Instances & Spacing. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Let the Instances & Spacing option. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. These features accelerate the creation process.
Select the reference point located on the body. The body is scaled. 3. To define a direction. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Click the Scaling icon . These points are created in the Sketch. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Now. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. click the Crown Definition tab. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. To do so. you are going to add a crown to your part. you can select an edge or a planar face. The feature appears in the Object field. Click OK. 3.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. One more ring of pads will be added.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . Click the User Pattern icon . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Click Preview. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. Click OK. 3.6 Measuring 3.6. This axis will be normal to the face. Select the body to be scaled. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow.5. The specification tree indicates this creation. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field.5. Click OK. The pad will be repeated seven times.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad.
Click to select a surface. vertices and entire products) or between points. The Measure Between dialog box appears. edge or vertex. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type.). Click the Measure Between icon.6. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. 3. edges. surfaces. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. etc. or an entire product (selection 2). By default. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). icon in the Definition box. This command lets you choose the selection mode.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. edges. The Measure Item dialog box appears. Click the Measure Item icon. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. or an entire product (selection 1). A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. surfaces and entire products).6. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. If exact values cannot be measured. Click to select another surface. Switch to Design Mode. edge or vertex. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. 3. edges.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example.
45 . 3. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The measure is made on the selection. density and mass of the selected item. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree.1 Split You can split a body with a plane.7 Surface-Based Features 3. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. Click the Split icon . The body is split. you must select the desired sub-product. In addition to the center of gravity G. the dialog box also gives the area. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. face or surface. Click the Measure Inertia icon. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. density. you can click it to reverse the direction. Click OK. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. volume (volumes only). Select the blue pad as the body to be split. Material has been removed. The area. geometry or assembly. indicating the splitting element. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. Select the splitting surface.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept.7.
46 . In the geometry area.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Select the object you wish to thicken.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. Click the Close Surface icon . INITIAL 3. The surface is thickened. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Select the surface to be closed. Click OK.7. The surface is closed . just click it.INITIAL 3. If you need to reverse the arrow. Click OK. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click the Thick Surface icon . The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.7. that is the extrude element.
INITIAL FINAL 47 . An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. indicating the object to be sewn. Click OK. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. The surface is sewn onto the body. Some material has been removed. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body.INITIAL FINAL 3.7. Click the Sew Surface icon .
Click OK to confirm.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application. indicating that it is the active body. To assemble them. INITIAL 48 . Intersecting Bodies. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body.8. During the operation. material has been added. By default. The result is immediate. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Removing Bodies. 3. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. if you wish to combine them. When your part includes several bodies. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. Trimming Bodies. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. Click the Insert Body icon. It allows you to create complex geometry.x are autonomous. You will notice that Part Body and Body. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. This is your new Part Body. It is underlined.x" in the specification tree.3. Now. 3. Assembling Bodies.8.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body.
Adding a body to another one means uniting them.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. Click the Add icon .FINAL 3. By default.8.
You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.1 has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 50 .Part Body. Click OK.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. 3. they will not be deleted. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. Geometry. and Delete Operation.. Delete Operation . command Click the Infrastructure category. The tab appears. which means that if they are shared by other features. The General tab appears. The Options dialog box is displayed. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. you often need to select other elements as inputs.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. Click the Infrastructure category. and their origins when you are editing these elements. containing three categories of options: External References.. External References.9. 4. Update.. Update. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.This task shows you how to set general settings.. When creating a geometric element. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. Select the Tools -> Options.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. Select the Tools -> Options command. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. then Display tab. you just need to use the Isolate command. copied elements for example. When selecting a sketch as 54 .Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations.
the input element. 4.3 Creating Polylines 55 . depending on the feature you are creating.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click the Planes Repetition icon . Define the number or points to be created (instances field). Select a curve or a Point on curve. in only one operation. some restrictions apply. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . 4. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. If you check the with end points option. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Click OK to create the planes. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. The Planes Between dialog box appears.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. 4. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes.
Two points and radius. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc.Tritangent. Enter all input as specified.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. The circle (identified as Circle. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. 56 . Bitangent and point . the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Enter a Radius value. Click the Circle icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Bitangent and radius . Center and point. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Three points. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Click the Polyline icon . 4. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments.
The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Remove the selected point. Replace the selected point by another point. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. You can select the Geometry on support check box. 57 . Click the Spline icon .5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. and select a support. Add a point before the selected point.4.
Select the Support surface. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Taper Angle.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. Height. Click OK to create the helix.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Click the Corner icon . Select a starting point and an axis.4. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Starting Angle. Click the Helix icon . The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Profile.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Enter a Radius value. Several solutions may be possible. Select two curves as reference element. such as coils and springs for example. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. The corner will be created between these two references. The reference elements must lie on this support. Click OK to create the corner. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Orientation. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. 58 . 4.
along the Reference direction. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 .4. Click the Connect Curve icon . that is a in 2D plane.Define the spiral's Orientation.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. that is the distance from the Center point. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Specify the Start radius value. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. Tangency or Curvature. Click OK to create the connect curve.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. when the spiral is defined by an angle. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. Click the Spiral icon . at which the spiral's first revolution starts. 4.
Select the Support element. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points.4. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. You can select several elements to be projected. hyperbolas or ellipses. 4.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The projection may be normal or along a direction. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Click OK to create the projection element. Click the Conic icon .11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. Select the element to be projected. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. 60 . The projection is added to the specification tree. passing points or tangents. Click the Projection icon . The Conic Definition dialog box opens.
This element (identified as Intersect.) 4. Avoid using input elements.xxx) is added to the specification tree. A Face. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. The intersection is displayed. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Select the two elements to be intersected. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. Click the Intersection icon . etc. A Contour. 61 .Fill in the conic curve parameters. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. Point. lines. Click OK to create the intersection element.
The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. 62 .13.4. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. Click the Extrude icon .1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Click OK to create the surface. 4. lofting and sweeping. Geometry with no history is called a datum.
4. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. Click the Revolve icon . The spherical surface is based on a center point. and angular limits. 4. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis.13. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.13.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. Click OK to create the surface. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile.
Select the surface to be offset. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. 4. Click Apply to preview the surface.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. 4. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator.dialog box is displayed.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.13. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. along 64 . The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine).13. Select the center point of the sphere. one on each side of the reference surface. Click OK to create the surfaces. Click the Offset icon . You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. Click OK to create the surface. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.
The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. If no spine is selected. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Sweep icon . Select the planar Profile to be swept out. With draft direction. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. Click OK to create the swept surface. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. you can select a reference Surface. If needed. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. Select a Guide curve. then use the combo to choose the subtype. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. Click the Sweep icon . With tangency surface. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. With reference curve. In the Smooth sweeping section. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. select a Second Guide. The five possible cases are Two limits. Limit and middle. Click the Sweep icon . With reference surface.xxx) is added to the specification tree. select a Spine. The surface (identified as Sweep. 65 . The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. Click the Line profile icon. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. If needed. Click the Circle icon. Click the Explicit profile icon. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep.
Five guides. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Three guides. Click the Fill icon . Remove the selected element. and enter a radius value.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Select a passing point. Click OK to create the fill surface. Four guides. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Select guide curves. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product.13. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select one or two section curves. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. Add a new element after or before the selected one. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. the results may be inconsistent. Two guides.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Loft icon . The surface (identified as Sweep. 4.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Conic icon. hyperbolas or ellipses. such as parabolas. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. If not.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Replace the selected element by another curve.13. Click the Sweep icon . The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. 4. If 66 . The surface (identified as Sweep. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves.
Tangency. Vertices.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. Click the Split icon . Tangency then curvature.needed. None. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. Click OK. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. 67 .8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. then the second curve and its support. Several coupling types are available. Successively select the first curve and its support. on both. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. such as tension. continuity. In the Spine tab page. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. 4. select one or more guide curves. Select the cutting element. Start extremity. 4. The Split Definition dialog box appears. only on the End section. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. End extremity. Click the Blend icon .14.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. or on none. 4. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. You can select several cutting elements. The surface (identified as Blend. In that case.13. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. and so forth. Select the element to be split. taking a number of constraints into account. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. translating and rotating. A preview of the split appears.
4.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. The trimmed element (identified as Trim. 68 . Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation.xxx) is added to the specification tree. In that case it appears as a separate Split. A preview of the trimmed element appears. Click the Trim icon . You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to split the element. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed.14. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion.xxx element in the specification tree. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.
Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. 69 .). solids. Click the Extract icon .14.xxx) is added to the specification tree. points.4. and so forth. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. Select an edge or the face of an element. Click OK to extract the element.14. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. Click the Boundary icon . No propagation. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. without deleting the initial element. 4. The extracted element (identified as Extract. Click OK to create the boundary curve. The selected element is highlighted. Select a Surface edge.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. or Tangent continuity. a point on the curve for example.
plane or planar surface. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. 4. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click the Rotate icon . The element (identified as Translate . 4. Select the element to be translated.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click the Scaling icon .14. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Select the element to be rotated. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. 4. line or plane as reference element.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Click the Symmetry icon . Click OK. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by scaling. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. Click OK to create the rotated element. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Click the Translate icon . Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. or more.14.14. line or surface element. 4. Select the Vector Definition.14.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. point.14. Click the Affinity icon . Select the scaling reference point. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Select a point. Click OK to create the scaled element. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 .4.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select a line as the rotation axis. Click OK to create the translated element.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X.14. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Click OK to create the affinity element. federation. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Z values.operation. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Other options available are Simplify the result. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Click the Join icon. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane.14. 4. 71 . Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Sub-Elements To Remove. Select a surface Boundary. Ignore erroneous elements. Angle Tolerance. Y. Merging distance. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. 4. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Click the Extrapolate icon . The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears.
4. Select the surfaces to be healed. 72 . Select the surface which limits should be restored.14. From the Parameters tab. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. A progression bar is displayed. while the surface is restored.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. you can retain sharp edges. Select the surface which limits should be restored. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar.14. The surface (identified as Heal. 4. by clicking the Sharpness tab. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. Click OK in the dialog box. Click the Healing icon. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. and selecting one or more edges.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can also set the Distance objective. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. Provided the Tangent mode is active.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon.
73 . i. and type of discontinuity (point. manual update. that can be manipulated independently. The selected element is disassembled.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. To update a part. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. fill the gaps. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled.e. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing.14. while the surface is being disassembled. A progression bar is displayed. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). To update the part.14. A progression bar indicates the .4. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. Click OK in the dialog box. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. Click the Curve Smooth icon . click the Update icon evolution of the operation. A resulting element can be made of several cells. 4. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. that is to say independent elements are created. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. Select the element to be disassembled. To warn you that an update is needed. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. Select the curve to be smoothed. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled.
16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. removing open body entities and changing body. In the specification tree. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. It is underlined. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon .x.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. This involves. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. inserting open body entities. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . The result is immediate. 4. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. select the branch of your choice. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. CATIA displays this new Open_body.4. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. in the specification tree. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. 4. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. The Change Body dialog box appears. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. indicating that it is the active open body.
Advance commands in GSD are as follows. 5. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. when combined with other products such as Part Design. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. Min. according to given directions.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. The point (identified as Extremum. edges or faces). 5.command. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. if it was hidden. Click the Extremum icon .2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . if it was visible. or becomes visible. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. The open body or it’s content is hidden.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select a curve. Set the correct options: Max. or a pad. Click OK. a surface. 5.
5. This task shows how to create a spine. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.xxx). The spine is displayed. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. Click the Polar Extremum icon . The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Click OK to create the extremum point. or filleted surfaces. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Click OK. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. You can also select a start point. Click Preview. a point in this case. is added to the specification tree. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Successively select planes. Min angle. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click Preview. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. 76 . Max angle. the results can be: Min radius.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Depending on the selected computation type. on a planar contour. lofted. Max radius. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the spine.
5. Select the reference Curve to be offset. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. The Combine Definition dialog box appears.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. The combine (identified as Combine. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. select the support surface and a direction. Successively select the two curves to be combined. Click OK to create the element. Key in an angle.5. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Combine icon . Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Click the Parallel Curve icon . whether closed or open.
You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. 5. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. The Reference surface is optional. Select the Guiding curve. The Options dialog box is displayed.5. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Select points on guide to add other sections. 6. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Click OK to create the swept surface. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Assembly Design 78 . The General tab displays. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . When designing the profile to be swept. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Select the Tools -> Options command. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench.
1) is created in the .2 Inserting a Components 6.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. You can use parts to create products. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. 6.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. you need products. In the specification tree. In the specification tree. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.1). 6. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. 6.2. The Product2 (Product2.2. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly.2. To create an assembly. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. 6. Those products can in turn be used to create other products.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. The structure of your assembly now 79 .3 Inserting a New Part icon. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree.
6. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. The operation is very simple. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. If geometry exists in the assembly. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. The application previews the location of the new components. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. Click OK to create the components.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. 6. Select the component you wish to instantiate. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. 6. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . The result is immediate. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. on another component for example. you should keep in mind the 80 .4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. check x-axis. In the specification tree. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . To define the direction of creation. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. However. Select the component you wish to instantiate.
indicating orientations. Double-clicking activates it. you may obtain concentricity.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. Select the face to be constrained. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution).5. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Select the faces to be constrained. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Green graphic symbols are 81 . The selected component is orange framed (default color). As the contact constraint is created. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . coaxiality or coplanarity. Click the Contact Constraint icon . Select the second face to be constrained. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. 6. opposite. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. The components involved and their status are indicated.5. Depending on the selected elements. 6.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. Same.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component.
This constraint is added to the specification tree. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly.5. Note that four sectors are available: constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". By fixing its position according to other components. In the dialog box that appears. Click the Offset Constraint icon .5. that is the light blue . A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. 6. When setting an angle constraint. Keep the Angle option. 6. click More to expand the dialog box. This operation is referred to as "Fix". you need to specify how faces should be oriented. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). Select the faces to be constrained. Parallelism (angle value equals zero).3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. Click OK to create the angle component. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. Select the component to be fixed. which means setting an absolute position. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 82 .displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. you will have to define an angle value.5. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. which means setting a relative position. Click OK to create the offset constraint. 6. Click the Angle Constraint icon .4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. The constraint is created. The components involved and their status are indicated.
Coincidence. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Select the two entities to be constrained. Move the fixed component. 6.5.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. Click OK to validate the operation. You can select any constraints.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. The first constraint in the list can now be set. 83 . Select the new type of constraint. Offset. You can select as many components as you wish. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. 6.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. The components are attached to each other. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. displaying the list of selected components. Click OK. not necessarily in the active component. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. but they must belong to the active component. 6. Angle and Parallelism. The Fix Together dialog box appears. Moving one of them moves the other one too. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together.5. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree.5. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. displays all possible constraints. In the Name field. Click the Change Constraint icon . Click OK to confirm. Click the Fix Together icon . The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Select the constraint to be changed. The Change Type dialog box that appears. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements.
7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. The assembly is updated. create a new instance. Select the Tools -> Options command.6.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. 84 . The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. cut & paste the original component. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint.5. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. indicating they need an update. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . The default color is black. The constraints are in black. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. The constraint is deactivated. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. Click the Update icon whole assembly. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. three options are available: Reuse the original component. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Using no associativity: the option is off. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. 6. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. Select any activated constraint.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. 6. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. To do so.
1" is displayed below this entity.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. You can move your component along the x. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. Depending on the selected elements. yz and xz planes. 85 . the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.8 Moving Components 6.8. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. you will obtain different results.Click OK to repeat the second component. 6. You can rotate your component around the x.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component.xx" is displayed in the tree. The third row is reserved for rotations. 6. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. If you use the option "generated constraints". The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. y or z-axis.8.
This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. Z. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The point is projected onto the plane. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. The plane passes through the line. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. also appears. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. 6. A Preview window.8. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. 6. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. 86 . Click the Sectioning icon. Optionally. The point is projected onto the line. edge. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. showing the generated section. reference plane or cylinder axis). it creates constraints.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. Both lines become collinear. invert the normal vector of the plane. The line is projected onto the plane.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. move and rotate the section plane. The section plane is automatically created.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set.
work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. Remove. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Click the Create Scene icon . graphical attributes.X' in assembly features available in history tree. 6. If the arrows point in the wrong direction.10. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. double-click 'Assembly Split. Perform the required modifications. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. show-no show. the graphical attributes of the components. which in turn must contain one part at least. Within a scene. click them to reverse the direction. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component.6. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . Pocket.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. keep in mind the following. The active product at least must include two components. Perform a Symmetry. Click Ok to end the scene creation. To edit an assembly split. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. For instance modify: viewpoint. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. 6. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Add. Hole. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". Click OK to confirm. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. the "show" or "hide" state of the components.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components.
Click Apply to perform the operation. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. 3D is the default type. if necessary. Click the Explode icon . When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Inside one selection. Between two selections. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Click Apply to check for interferences.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Set the explode type. 6. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Selection against all. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. 6. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Keep All levels set by default. 88 . keep the selection as it is. Keep it. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Four computation types are available: Between all components.they were in the initial product. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window.
Update and Delete Operation 6.. Move components. command. then the Assembly Design subcategory.14. containing three categories of options: External References.14. 89 . Constraint Creation. then the Assembly Design subcategory.14. Click the Mechanical Design category. Access to geometry. The General tab appears. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.6. Click the Infrastructure category.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. Select Tools -> Options. Click the Mechanical Design category..2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. 6. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. displaying the following options: Update. Quick Constraint. The General tab appears.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6.
Select the 90 . Click OK. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. 7.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. Select the Drafting workbench.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet.. . 7. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed.7. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands.. as well as information on the drawing standards. interactive or generated views.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. You may also add.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. from the menu bar.
These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. the view to be created is framed in green. 7. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). The non-active views are framed in blue. Even though you then delete sheet1. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. From the New Drawing dialog box. When you create a view. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. Select the 1:1 scale. 7. and click OK. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. until you click at the desired view location. select the ISO standard. Select the orientation type.Drawing workbench. If you click this view. The new sheet automatically appears.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. and then click OK. The active view is framed in red. 91 . or the A0 ISO format.
The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. Click inside the sheet to generate the view.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. 7. Click the Drawing window. a previewed projection 92 .Start creating the front view. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. As you move the cursor. Any modification applied to the specifications. respectively. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. 7. Click on sheet to place front view. relatively to the front view previously generated. Blue arrows appear. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). before the generated view(s) is/are updated. You can perform an update. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. You can update all views or a selection of views. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. Select object. Right-click the frame of the view. is detected.
This auxiliary view. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. 93 .7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. at any time. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. for example the right view position. Click the Drawing window. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Click to position the callout. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Click to position the auxiliary view. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. 7. completely describes the object. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. you can. In sectioning through irregular objects. Click an edge on the view. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. use Undo or Redo icons. together with the top view. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. 7.
we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. Or.7.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. and click the Aligned Section Cut . You can modify this scale. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. 7. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. Click to generate the detail view. you will select the Clipping 94 . Click to generate the view.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Click the callout center. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. the dialog is exactly the same. Click the Drawing window. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. In this particular case. 7. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). You can also use a roughly sketched profile.
or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. 7. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. the right. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. 7. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. 7. If needed. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part.Profile View icon . the left. A breakout view is often a partial section. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Double-click to end 95 .12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. as well as blue manipulators appear. Click on the sheet. Click the first point of the breakout profile. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. translate the profile. Red zones appear. the top. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Click the 3D part.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object.
Click next add any other view if required. views are by default linked to the parent view. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Bottom view. 7. 7. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more).18 Scaling a View 96 . select Selected objects -> isolate. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Select the CATPart document. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. 7.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Click to position the left view.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. At creation. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. From the contextual menu. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. 7. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Left view and Right view). the Top view. Click the Drawing window. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. and right-click them. or all views in the drawing. Once you are satisfied.
The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. right-click the detail view. if you are in the background view. In this particular case.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. Click OK. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. The detail view is updated. Balloons generated 7. In this case. or parts list. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. section views and section cuts. This view is now active.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. 7.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. you can pre-define the position. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. Before positioning the Bill of Material. double-click the front view.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. If needed. 97 . For modifying the detail and section callout. 7. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. go to Product Structure workbench. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. This Bill of Material. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry.
a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. 2. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. only sketched constraints are generated. On views including more dimensions. Right-click the pattern to be modified. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. 4.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. 7. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. the section view is automatically updated. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. Double-click the callout to be modified. On the view for which the dimension are generated. distance.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. For example. diameter Angle. radius. 3. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. 7. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. Then click OK in this Pattern table. distance The dimensions below: 98 . On the view with a bigger scale.
angle. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. radius and diameter. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. In the case of drawings with several views. to start the dimension generation.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. dimensions are generated on all the views. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. 7. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Dimensions 99 . length.23.23.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. there is only one) is automatically displayed. by default.
if needed. no leader will be created. If you select an element. If you select a point in the free space. the anchor point will be an arrow. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). Enter the desired character string. The datum feature is created. the anchor point will be a small balloon. The geometrical tolerance is created. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Click OK when you're done. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. 100 . 7. on the contrary. not generated. Click OK.24 Creating a Datum Feature . Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. If you select a dimension or a text. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). This task will show you how to create a datum feature.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Select an element (geometry.Click the Not Generated option . constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. dimension.
26 Annotations 7. justification. such as font style. A red frame appears. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Set the properties of a text. text with leader. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). Choose View -> Toolbars. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. and select Text Properties. If needed. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element.26. size. 101 . The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances.7.26. dimension text. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. balloon and datum target. Text properties can be applied to text. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7. etc.
7. 102 . modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. Click OK. Select an element.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon.6. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Click to define the balloon anchor point. Go over one of the part with your cursor. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Enter values in the desired field(s). Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. Click OK. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). 7. You can enter another string or value as needed. On this CATProduct document. Ra=1.26. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. For example.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. If needed. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. 7.26. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Open any CATProduct document.26.
modify the geometry-welding symbol. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.7. You can also split a table.27 Editing Properties 103 . and insert a view in a table. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. and insert views. and then click to validate. Click OK. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. Click OK. invert lines. Click the icon to launch the command.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. The welding leader will appear. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. you can add text.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table.26. If needed. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. The welding symbol is created. merges cells. import a table. insert columns. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. switch lines and columns. Click ok to validate the creation. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. 7. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. 7. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). invert columns. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. 7.26. rows. In this table. Select the two elements. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.26. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. If needed.
Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Fillets. Choose the View tab. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. you can create a formula for the view name. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Axis. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Choose your options. Center line. 3D spec. Click OK. Scale: the scale of the view. Lock view: if you check this option. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. no more modification allowed in the view. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). 3D Colors. Dress up: Hidden lines. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. dress-up elements. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Thread. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. if needed. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. 3D Wireframe. Lines and Curves option. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Among other things. edit annotation font properties. 3D Points. if needed. Click the Graphic Tab.
edit dimension text properties. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. 105 . Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. if needed. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. or leader). if needed. Grid: To define your grid. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. The Options dialog box appears. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. The associated panel is displayed. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. edit dimension value properties. Select the Tools->Options command. 7. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. frame. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid.then select the Edit-> Properties command. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Modify the available options. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. click the Font tab.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. Modify the available options. In other words.
b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. the dimension is automatically re-computed. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). you can define the value at which the dimension is created.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. Select the Dimension tab in Options. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. In addition. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. View axis: When you activate a view. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. when you update the drawing. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. following it dynamically during the creation process. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. As a result. To activate this mode. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option.
Project 3D points. end points included. Project 3D wireframe. View tab): Generate axis. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. and more and more relationships with existing elements. 3D colors inheritance. 107 . Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Analysis after generation. Filters before generation. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Alignment. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Select the Geometry tab. Generate fillet. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. if a component is used two times within a product. Apply 3D specification. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. then the balloon will be generated twice. Hidden lines. Generate centerlines. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. either or not using SmartPick. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Parallelism.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Generate threads. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. perpendicularity and tangency. Allow automatic transfer between views. Properties option. Select the Generation tab. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Automatic positioning after generation. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Horizontality and verticality. If all of the detection options are unchecked.
Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Select the Layout tab. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. As a result. and only visualized by. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. the following dialog box appears. It is not used for creating solid primitives. This element is used as positioning reference. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. f)Annotations 108 . Constraint diagnostics. scaling factor or frame to appear. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. For this before callout creation check this option. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. you can define that you want or not the view name. the sketch. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view.
109 . It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. Select the Annotation tab. as you will choose to load the referenced document. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. Select the Edit->Links command. It is now possible to customize the settings. Press OK. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). or both. command. Activate the settings. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. press the shift key. 7. no matter what the view scale is. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document.. For this: Select the Tools -> Options.You can customize given options when creating annotations. according to the orientation. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. Press OK.. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. In this particular case. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them.
To modify these colors. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Snap to Point. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Force Dimension on Element. View. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. True Length Dimension 8. Create Detected Constraints. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. 8. if needed. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Create Constraints.8.2 Creating Views 110 .
as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. Press OK.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. you can create: a top view. 8. For example. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. a left view and a right view. a bottom view. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. 8. by double-clicking on this view. dimensions. For this. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). The view plane can be defined and if needed. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. In this case. In other words. double-click on this isometric view.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Click the Drawing window. A blue axis displays in a red frame. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. modified in this dialog box. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. This is true for any kind of view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. Press OK. You can now create 2D geometry in this view.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Click the New View icon . Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. In other words. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). From an active front view. Right-click the view used as reference. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box.
curve). Select more elements to be projected. In this case. the object to be projected. in another view. 112 . using the Action-Object mode. 8. ellipse. In this case. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. circle. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. select a circle in the top view. You will first add elements to an existing view. select an arc of a circle in the front view. using the Action-Object mode.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. hyperbola. parabola.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. Select. if needed. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. and then transformed into the receiving view. Add elements to an existing view. At any time. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. using the ObjectAction mode.
Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Select the object defining the view to be created. 113 .Create an isometric view from scratch. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. In this case. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. select the whole front view. using the Object-Action mode.
8. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example.8. a mode: measured or constraining mode. isometric views. as you want. a distance constraint. Select the view and right-click the view frame. Click on the frame to select it. If you want constraints to be created. The frame can only be rectangular. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. You can reframe any type of view: front views. etc. clipping views. details views. choose Properties. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . Click the View tab. Click OK. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. In the contextual menu. select the Visual Clipping check box. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view.6 Reframing a View In this task. a configuration. In the Visualization and Behavior area.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements.
Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). The most logical constraint is automatically offered. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. click in the drawing. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. In other words. you can create constraints either between 2D elements.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. click the Dimensions icon. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. The software proposes you parallelism by default. In other words. but not between a mix of these. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. you can only create constraints between similar elements.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. Click a first element in the view. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. you can preview the dimensions to be created. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. or between generated elements. you will learn how to create dimensions. When creating dimensions on elements. these relations will be taken into account. 8. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. On the Dimensioning toolbar.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. If you choose this constraint. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. 8. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. 8. If needed. click a second element in the view.
e. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. 8. Select the reference line.toolbar). 116 . click the centerline. Red end points appear. i. If you right-click the dimension before creation. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. you can also access the Properties options. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. Select a circle. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. Click to validate the dimension creation. 8. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. Select the dimension. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. and then the second element. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). The centerline created is associative with the reference line.
Select two lines. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. from the (Tools toolbar). Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. generated elements. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. Select the Reference Thread type option line. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. Click the Drawing window. . e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. The thread is created. The Tap type option activated by default. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. The axis line is created. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. part-sketched. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. Click the Drawing window. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). Select the Thread type option from the Dress . either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). In this particular case. part-generated elements. you will apply a thread to a hole. The axes and centerlines are created.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Click the Drawing window. The thread is created according to this reference. In the Pattern dialog box. Click the Drawing window. dotting or coloring).
Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. The arrow is created. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. you can drag it to change the arrow path. which represents the fillet edge. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. Select Add a Breakpoint. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. under the line. To modify the position of the arrow. The arrow and the selected object are associative. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). A contextual menu appears. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). For the purpose of this exercise. The Area Detection dialog box appears. 118 . Click the Drawing window. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern.
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