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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
and the results can be used to build a real prototype. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. 1. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 .3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. Moreover. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes.Generally. and flexibility. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. and costs are generally lower. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. not just that of exterior. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. and are less expensive. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. cost. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. For that we need level three: SM systems.
The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. surface area. centre of gravity. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. By its nature. In this way. so mass properties (volume. rather than a part of engineering.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function. outside.4 LAYOUTS. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. 1. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. weight. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. or on the surface of the object in question. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. 1. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. DESIGN. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. to be sure.systems to handle architectural problems. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. 1. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. 8 . moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts.
In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. Without solids. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. With solid. 9 . Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. automation of process planning is also impossible. it remains a challenge. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. and then select Edit. Once created. or select a planar surface. 2.1.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. if you need for more complex sketches 2.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. but one that can be surmounted.e. To do this from the 3D. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces.
Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. . a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. 2. Construction elements 10 . If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area.2. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry.e. in which you specify the reference plane.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). Snap to Point If activated. on some occasions. i. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry.
11 . and only visualized by. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. Dimensional Constraints: When selected.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. These elements are used as positioning references. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). the sketch. as soon as the diagnostic is solved.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. graphically speaking. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. These elements cannot be modified. 2. As a result. uses edges. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example.
you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid.6. .5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. at the extremity point of a curve. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. The constraints are in priority dimensional. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. According to the various active options. SmartPick will return information via symbols. all over a curve. at the midpoint of a line. on a point. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. two or three elements. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements. the 2. using coordinates. at the intersection point of two curves.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. whenever possible. Using SmartPick. at the center of a circle or an ellipse.6 Creating Constraints 2. any of the above cases possibly combined together. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements.
This constraint can be created between either two elements. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. 13 . The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. 2. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. Select the profile to be constrained. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. Coincidence. If constraints already exist. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. Horizontal. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. the application displays it in green.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. by default. You can either select the geometry or the command first. they are checked in the dialog box. 2.6. Once the profile is fully constrained. 2.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. Angle. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options).6. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Click OK to constrain the sketch. coincidence and tangency. For editing.6. Fix. Select a second element.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Parallelism or Perpendicular). Select a first element. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.
Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle.7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. 14 .2. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc.
Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. two centers & two radii. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click to create the parallelogram. You are going to define the (i) circle center. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.
Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. m) Creating an Arc 16 . The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. By default. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). circle centers appear on the sketch. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. Click three elements. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar).
n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. center and apex. Clicking another command ends the spline too. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. middle. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. a) The arc center point. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). end. b) Through three points . The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). middle.start. To create a hyperbola click the focus. end. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline.It shows how to create an arc. There are three possibilities. To create a Parabola click the focus. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). c) Through three points –start. start point and end point. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Double-click to end the spline. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. s) Creating a Conic 17 .
or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. in accordance with both points previously clicked. one after the other. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). To edit. Click two points on the two existing lines. t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. if needed. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. x) Creating an Axis 18 . To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. As a result. Click the line first point (first point). w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. you will create one of the following: an ellipse.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. a parabola or a hyperbola. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). a circle.
Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. of course you can create this point manually. In this task. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. 2. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles.This task shows how to create an axis. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. Select a first line (or an axis). Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. Select a second line (or an axis).8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but.
3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). . The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Select the two lines. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Trim All / First / No element. Length1/Angle. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. Select the two lines. Create two intersecting lines. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. Select the two curves. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. the first or none of the elements. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. You can create rounded corners between curves. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. The second line is also highlighted. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Select the first line. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Length1/Length2. The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default.
This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. For example. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. Create a three points arc. a three point arc. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. These options are Rubber In. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. The complementary arc appears for selected arc. a construction line or an axis. ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. Select one or more elements to be relimited. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). and Break. Select the line to be broken. 21 from the Sketch tools . Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The line is now composed of two movable segments. The arc will now be closed. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. Rubber out.
Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. enter a precise value for the translation length. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The duplicate mode is activated by default. Select the geometry to be rotated. Here. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). De-activate the Duplicate mode. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . In other words. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Select or click the rotation center point. Multi-selection is not available. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. Select the element(s) to be translated. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. multi-select the entire profile. if needed. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the element(s) to be scaled. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. Enter the number of copies you need. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Select or click a point to define an angle.
These projections are yellow. The selected line is duplicated. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. the line to be created appears immediately. select it. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. Both lines are parallel. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. The intersection is yellow. There are two possibilities. The line to be created appears. by creating several offset instances. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Select the surface. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. arc or circle. Select the face of interest. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. If the line is not already selected. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. These 23 .
Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. Expand the Mechanical Design option.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. The Sketcher tab appears. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. 2. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. You can now sketch the required profile. 2. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. It indicates the overall 24 . You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. 2. Graduations. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. in the Tools toolbar. and then click Sketcher.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. The Options dialog box appears. In other words. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. Primary spacing.
just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. from simple to advance. This application. c) specific toolbars. 25 .Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface.3. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. To open it. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. 3. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. b) the geometry area. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. Actually. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. which is fully integrated into Part Design. offers a highly productive. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. The New dialog box is displayed.
2. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points.3. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. The Line Definition dialog box appears.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . . Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. Y. 3. Between: Creating point between two other points. 26 . Point – Point: Create line between the two points. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. Use the combo to choose the desired line type.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. ellipse. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears.2. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. 3.
The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Click the Plane icon . which you can move using the graphic manipulator.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. 3. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. In this section. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. Shaft. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. 27 . Some operations consist in adding material. Loft. it is represented by a red square symbol. Slot. and Remove Loft.2. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Groove. Pocket. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane.Regardless of the line type. Once you have defined the plane. others in removing material. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. Rib.
3. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. if you extrude a profile. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. Just click the More button and define the second limit.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. For each of them. You will notice that by default. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded.Up to Last. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Up to Plane.3. By default.3. 28 . Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.3. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. If you wish to define another length for this direction. Up to Surface. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . the application specifies the length of your pad. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time.
Click the Multi-Pocket icon . To define a specific depth. Click OK to create the pocket. set the Type parameter to Dimension. The specification tree indicates this creation. Double-click Pocket to edit it. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. if you extrude a profile. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. By default. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. Select the profile to be extruded. Optionally click Preview to see the result. up to last.3. up to plane. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion.3. 3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Note 29 . Click the Pocket icon . To specify another direction.3. up to surface.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. Alternatively. using different length values.
Select the open profile. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. Once you have done your modifications. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. and click Preview to see the result. you do not have to select the axis. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. Consequently. Enter Thickness2 's value. The profile is previewed in dotted line. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. If needed. Enter Thickness1 's value. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. Click the Shaft icon . The method described here is also valid for pockets. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. 3.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect.3. For each of them. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. Alternatively.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles.3. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. You need an open or closed profile. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. select LIM1 or 30 . pockets and stiffeners. 3. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. and click Preview to see the result. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". For the purposes of our scenario.
The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. Click Preview to see the result. The shaft is created. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. Select the profile. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. Click OK to confirm. 3.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features.3. you do not have to select the axis. If needed. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. For the purposes of our scenario. Click OK to confirm the 31 . The specification tree mentions it has been created. This task shows you how to create a groove. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Consequently. Click the Groove icon .
3.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material.3. By default. To define a thread. 3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . To define a rib. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. you can enter the values of your choice. you need a center curve. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. Various shapes of standard holes can be created. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm.3. 3.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. 3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created.operation. but you can use standard values. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option.
It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. Select the profile you wish to sweep. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. 3. The application now previews the rib to be created. it can be discontinuous in tangency. It should be a closed profile. Click OK.11 Slot 33 . you can select a plane or an edge. Click the Rib icon . Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. To create Rib.2. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve.3. The specification tree mentions this creation. New options are then available. The rib is created.element or a pulling direction. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. To define this direction.
Pulling direction. you need a center curve.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 3. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. 34 . Click the Loft icon . but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. Click the Slot icon . The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. a planar profile. It is closed. Tangency. Reference surface. the application computes a spine. By default. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. Vertices. To define a slot. Tangency then curvature. They are highlighted in the geometry area. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. Select the three section curves.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. The feature (identified as Loft. Click OK to create the volume. You can note that by default. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Select the profile.3. The resulting feature is a closed volume. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect.
13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material.14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. If you need to use an open profile. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used.xxx) is added to the specification tree. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. . make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. Select the profile to be extruded. the application computes a spine. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the lofted surface. By default. Click the Remove Loft icon .3. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. 3. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . The feature (identified as Loft.3. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.3.
36 . The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. 3.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. CATIA displays the radius value.4. Select the edges. When filleting an edge. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. The stiffener is created. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. depending on the radius value you specified. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. you can then trim the fillets to be created. Conversely. Tangency. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Click OK. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. The specification tree indicates it has been created.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. Optionally click Preview to see the result. just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. Check the Neutral Fiber option. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. If you set the Tangency mode. Click the Edge Fillet icon .
the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable. Depending on the curve's shape. 3.3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created.4.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. 3. Click OK.4.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet.4. Click OK. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created.3. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Select the faces to be filleted. 3. the application chamfers its edges.5 Basic Draft 37 . The fillet will be tangent to this face. Instead of entering a radius value.4. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. The specification tree indicates this creation. Click OK. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. Select the face to be removed. Select the faces to be filleted. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. The faces are filleted.
Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction.4. 3.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Material has been removed & the face is drafted.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. This element will remain the same during the draft. Click OK. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. If Keep Parting =Neutral. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. Parting element: this plane. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie.
Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. Select the face. The feature is shelled. The reflect line is moved accordingly. 3. while keeping a given thickness on its sides. To add a point on the edge. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. Click OK. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . To edit the other angle value. Select face as the neutral element. 3.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears.4. The selected face becomes purple. indicating the default pulling direction. This line is used to support the drafted faces. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. Enter an angle value in the Angle field.4. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Click the Shell icon . Enter the Default inside thickness field. Click OK to confirm.4. Select the face to be drafted. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. 3. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . Select the face to be removed.9 Thickness 39 . displays the variable angle draft option as activated.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. click the Points field. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. You can add as many points as you wish.
The part is thickened accordingly. Select the faces to thicken. Limit faces must be planar. Click the Thread/Tap icon . Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Enter a positive value. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. The element (identified as Translate. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. pitch value. Click the Translate icon . You can also specify the direction by means of X.You can add or remove thickness to parts. Select the upper face as the limit face. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Y. 40 .xxx) is added to the specification tree.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies.5. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. 3.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Enter the thread depth. The application previews the thread. Click Preview.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Click OK to confirm. Check the Left-Threaded option. This creation appears in the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. 3. Click OK. but the thread (identified as Thread. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. This task shows you how to translate a body. Click OK to create the translated element.4. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Click the Thickness icon .
xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to confirm the operation. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Click the Mirror icon . Click the Symmetry icon .5. 3. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Select a point. Click OK to create the rotated element. line or plane as reference element.5.3. 3.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. 3. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. The application previews the material to be created.5. The command applies to current bodies. The new element (identified as Symmetry. Enter a value for the rotation angle. The element (identified as Rotate. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. The pads are mirrored. Click the Rotate icon .5. The element is rotated. Select an edge as the rotation axis. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The specification tree mentions this creation.5 Rectangular Pattern 41 .
5. Spacing & Length. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Click OK. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. circular and user patterns. Instances & angular spacing. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. Defining the spacing along the grid. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Patterns let you do so. If needed. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. These features accelerate the creation process. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. complete crown. Select the feature you wish to copy. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Let the Instances & Spacing option. 42 . CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. Instances & Spacing. Now. Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible.This is the resulting pattern.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. The feature "RectPattern. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Angular spacing & total angle. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon .
Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . Select the feature you wish to duplicate. Click the User Pattern icon . The pad will be repeated seven times. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. Select the reference point located on the body. Click Preview. The body is scaled. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice.6 Measuring 3. Click OK. 3. The feature appears in the Object field. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it.5. One more ring of pads will be added. you can select an edge or a planar face. 3. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. click the Crown Definition tab.5. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. To do so.6. Click the Scaling icon . you are going to add a crown to your part. Select the body to be scaled. Click OK.8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. 3. The specification tree indicates this creation. These points are created in the Sketch. This axis will be normal to the face. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. To define a direction. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. Now. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Click OK.
Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. etc.6. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). 3. edge or vertex. Click the Measure Between icon. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. or an entire product (selection 1). 3. icon in the Definition box. edge or vertex. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. By default. properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Click to select a surface. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.). Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system.6.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. or an entire product (selection 2).3 Measuring Inertia 44 . Click to select another surface. This command lets you choose the selection mode. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. vertices and entire products) or between points. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. edges. The Measure Between dialog box appears. If exact values cannot be measured. edges. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. Click the Measure Item icon. surfaces and entire products). The Measure Item dialog box appears. edges. Switch to Design Mode. surfaces. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign).This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces.
indicating the splitting element. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept.7. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. geometry or assembly. In addition to the center of gravity G. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. 3. density and mass of the selected item. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. Select the blue pad as the body to be split. volume (volumes only). 45 .This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. The measure is made on the selection. you can click it to reverse the direction. To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. density. the dialog box also gives the area. The body is split. Material has been removed. Click the Split icon . Click OK. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. face or surface. If the arrow points in the wrong direction.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. Select the splitting surface. Click the Measure Inertia icon. The area.7 Surface-Based Features 3. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. you must select the desired sub-product. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item.
46 . Click the Close Surface icon . Select the surface to be closed. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. If you need to reverse the arrow. Select the object you wish to thicken. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Thick Surface icon . INITIAL 3. Click OK. The surface is thickened. that is the extrude element. Click OK.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. just click it. The surface is closed . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.7.INITIAL 3. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. In the geometry area.7.
You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. Some material has been removed.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. Click OK. The surface is sewn onto the body. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. indicating the object to be sewn. INITIAL FINAL 47 . This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. Click the Sew Surface icon .7. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept.INITIAL FINAL 3.
Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application.8. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. if you wish to combine them.x" in the specification tree. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. Intersecting Bodies. Now. It allows you to create complex geometry.x are autonomous. material has been added. The result is immediate. INITIAL 48 . Click OK to confirm. You will notice that Part Body and Body. 3. 3.3. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. By default. Click the Insert Body icon. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon .2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. When your part includes several bodies. Assembling Bodies. To assemble them. Removing Bodies. This is your new Part Body.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform.8. Trimming Bodies. It is underlined. indicating that it is the active body. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. During the operation.
By default.FINAL 3. Click the Add icon .3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.8.
Click OK.Part Body.1 has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 50 . You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
containing three categories of options: External References. Select the Tools -> Options. External References. you just need to use the Isolate command.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection.This task shows you how to set general settings. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. which means that if they are shared by other features.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. The tab appears. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. The General tab appears.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.. Update.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. then Display tab. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. and Delete Operation. command Click the Infrastructure category. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. When selecting a sketch as 54 .9. and their origins when you are editing these elements. Delete Operation . from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.. Geometry..Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. Update. copied elements for example. Select the Tools -> Options command. they will not be deleted. 3. you often need to select other elements as inputs. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. 4..Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. Click the Infrastructure category. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. When creating a geometric element. The Options dialog box is displayed.
some restrictions apply. depending on the feature you are creating. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Click the Planes Repetition icon . Select a curve or a Point on curve. If you check the with end points option. The Planes Between dialog box appears. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. 4. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. in only one operation. the last and first instances are the curve end points. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears.3 Creating Polylines 55 .1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes.the input element. Click OK to create the planes. 4. 4.
Click the Circle icon . Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Bitangent and point . 56 . Bitangent and radius . Click the Polyline icon . Enter all input as specified. The circle (identified as Circle. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Two points and radius. Three points.Tritangent. Select several points in a row to create a polyline.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. 4. Center and point. Enter a Radius value. These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. The Circle Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created.xxx) is added to the specification tree. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed.
Replace the selected point by another point. Remove the selected point. The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. and select a support. Add a point before the selected point. Click the Spline icon . You can select the Geometry on support check box.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.4. 57 . An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected.
Click OK to create the helix. The corner will be created between these two references.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. 58 . Starting Angle. Height.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. The reference elements must lie on this support. Profile. Click the Corner icon . The helical curve (identified as Helix. The Corner Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support surface. Taper Angle. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. 4. Click the Helix icon .6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. Click OK to create the corner. Select two curves as reference element. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. Several solutions may be possible.4. such as coils and springs for example. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Select a starting point and an axis. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Orientation. Enter a Radius value.
Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. Click the Connect Curve icon .4. Tangency or Curvature. when the spiral is defined by an angle. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the connect curve. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. Specify the Start radius value. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. that is the distance from the Center point.Define the spiral's Orientation. 4. along the Reference direction.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Click the Spiral icon . that is a in 2D plane.
The Projection Definition dialog box appears. Click the Projection icon . The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Select the element to be projected. The projection may be normal or along a direction. 4. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. hyperbolas or ellipses. Click the Conic icon . passing points or tangents. 60 . You can select several elements to be projected. The projection is added to the specification tree.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Click OK to create the projection element.4.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. Select the Support element. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction.
depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points.) 4. etc. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. Point. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. 61 . Click OK to create the intersection element.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Intersection icon . The intersection is displayed. Select the two elements to be intersected. Avoid using input elements. lines.Fill in the conic curve parameters. A Contour. A Face. This element (identified as Intersect.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements.
13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. lofting and sweeping. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not. Click the Extrude icon . 62 .13.4. Geometry with no history is called a datum. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. 4. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the surface. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction.
Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.4. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. Click the Revolve icon .2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis.13. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . Click OK to create the surface. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. 4. and angular limits. The spherical surface is based on a center point.13. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line.
An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. 4. Click OK to create the surfaces.13. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select the surface to be offset. Click the Offset icon .5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). one on each side of the reference surface.dialog box is displayed. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. 4. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Select the center point of the sphere. Click Apply to preview the surface. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.13. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. along 64 . Click OK to create the surface. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account.
xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. Select a Guide curve. With reference surface. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Explicit profile icon. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. select a Spine. Click the Sweep icon . b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Sweep icon . In the Smooth sweeping section. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. Click OK to create the swept surface. then use the combo to choose the subtype. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. With tangency surface. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. The five possible cases are Two limits. If needed. Click the Line profile icon. Click the Circle icon. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. The surface (identified as Sweep. you can select a reference Surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. 65 . With draft direction.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. If needed. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. With reference curve. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. If no spine is selected. Limit and middle. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. select a Second Guide. Click the Sweep icon .
Click OK to create the swept surface.13.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Fill icon . hyperbolas or ellipses. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Replace the selected element by another curve. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Five guides. If 66 . The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Select guide curves. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. 4. Four guides. Three guides. Click OK to create the fill surface. Add a new element after or before the selected one. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. 4. Click the Conic icon. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves.13.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The surface (identified as Sweep. Select a passing point. the results may be inconsistent. Select one or two section curves.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Click the Loft icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. such as parabolas. Remove the selected element. If not. The surface (identified as Sweep. Two guides. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. and enter a radius value. Click the Sweep icon . and then use the combo to choose the subtype. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile.
then the second curve and its support. Click the Split icon .13. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. Click the Blend icon . Successively select the first curve and its support. Start extremity. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. taking a number of constraints into account. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type.14. End extremity. In that case. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. continuity. 4. Tangency then curvature. Vertices. Select the element to be split. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. A preview of the split appears. The Split Definition dialog box appears. Select the cutting element. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. The surface (identified as Blend. only on the End section. and so forth. or on none. Click OK. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. translating and rotating. In the Spine tab page. on both. such as tension. 4. You can select several cutting elements. 67 .needed. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. Click OK to create the lofted surface. 4. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. None. select one or more guide curves. Tangency. Several coupling types are available.xxx) is added to the specification tree.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface.
You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. 4. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. A preview of the trimmed element appears.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. 68 . Click the Trim icon . The trimmed element (identified as Trim. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to split the element.xxx element in the specification tree.14. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. In that case it appears as a separate Split.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed.
without deleting the initial element.4.14. points.). Click the Extract icon . No propagation. and so forth. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. Click the Boundary icon .14. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. The extracted element (identified as Extract. The selected element is highlighted. or Tangent continuity. solids. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. 69 . The Boundary Definition dialog box appears.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. Click OK to create the boundary curve. This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. Select an edge or the face of an element. 4. Select a Surface edge. a point on the curve for example.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to extract the element.
The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. 4.14. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.4. or more.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 4. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be rotated. The element (identified as Translate . plane or planar surface.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Select a line as the rotation axis. Click the Symmetry icon . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the rotated element. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. Select the element to be translated. Click the Scaling icon . Select the element to be transformed by scaling. 4.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select the Vector Definition. Click the Rotate icon . point.14. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. line or plane as reference element. 4. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click OK to create the translated element. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Click OK. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation.14. Click the Translate icon . Click the Affinity icon .14. line or surface element. Select the scaling reference point.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.14. Click OK to create the scaled element. Select a point.
14. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Click the Join icon. Click the Extrapolate icon . 4. Angle Tolerance. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. federation.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves.10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Y. Merging distance. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. 4. Z values. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. The Join Definition dialog box appears.operation. Select a surface Boundary. Other options available are Simplify the result. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X.14. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. 71 . Sub-Elements To Remove. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Ignore erroneous elements. Click OK to create the affinity element.
4. Select the surface which limits should be restored.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. 4. you can retain sharp edges. You can also set the Distance objective. Provided the Tangent mode is active. Select the surface which limits should be restored. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. while the surface is restored. The surface (identified as Heal.14. by clicking the Sharpness tab. and selecting one or more edges. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. From the Parameters tab. Select the surfaces to be healed. Click OK to create the healed surfaces.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. 72 . Click the Healing icon. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle.14. Click OK in the dialog box. A progression bar is displayed.
that is to say independent elements are created.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing.4. To update a part. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. A progression bar is displayed. Select the element to be disassembled. The selected element is disassembled. Click the Curve Smooth icon .15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. fill the gaps. 73 . To warn you that an update is needed. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. 4.14.e. while the surface is being disassembled. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. i. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. A progression bar indicates the . the application provides two update modes: automatic update. manual update. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. Click OK in the dialog box. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. and type of discontinuity (point.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. Select the curve to be smoothed. that can be manipulated independently.14. A resulting element can be made of several cells. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). To update the part.
The result is immediate.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. In the specification tree. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. in the specification tree. CATIA displays this new Open_body. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. 4.x. removing open body entities and changing body. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. It is underlined. This involves. 4.4. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. The Change Body dialog box appears. select the branch of your choice. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. indicating that it is the active open body.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. inserting open body entities. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies.
Min.xxx) is added to the specification tree.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. if it was visible.command. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. edges or faces). a surface. Set the correct options: Max. Select a curve. The open body or it’s content is hidden. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. or becomes visible. The point (identified as Extremum. if it was hidden. according to given directions. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. when combined with other products such as Part Design. or a pad. 5. Click the Extremum icon . 5. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. 5.
Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . a point in this case. Select the supporting surface of the contour. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. Successively select planes. Click Preview. The spine is displayed. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Click Preview. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Click OK to create the extremum point. or filleted surfaces. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. is added to the specification tree. the results can be: Min radius. Max angle. Click OK to create the spine. You can also select a start point. These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Max radius.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Depending on the selected computation type.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click OK. lofted. 76 .xxx). Click the Polar Extremum icon . Min angle. This task shows how to create a spine. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. 5. on a planar contour. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. The element (identified as Polar Extremum.
whether closed or open.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. 5. Click OK to create the element. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.xxx) is added to the specification tree.5. Click the Parallel Curve icon . The combine (identified as Combine.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. Select the reference Curve to be offset. Successively select the two curves to be combined. select the support surface and a direction. Key in an angle. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 .4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Click the Combine icon .
Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. When designing the profile to be swept. Select the Guiding curve. 6.5. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon .8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. Assembly Design 78 . Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. Select points on guide to add other sections. Click OK to create the swept surface. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. The Options dialog box is displayed. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. The Reference surface is optional. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Select the Tools -> Options command. 5. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. The General tab displays.
The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch.2. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. The structure of your assembly now 79 . Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. You can use parts to create products. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. 6.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. In the specification tree. In the specification tree.2. To create an assembly. 6.1). The Product2 (Product2. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. 6.1) is created in the . 6.2.3 Inserting a New Part icon.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar.2 Inserting a Components 6. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. you need products. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench.
You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. 6. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. Click OK to create the components. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. 6. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. on another component for example. To define the direction of creation. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. check x-axis. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. The application previews the location of the new components. The operation is very simple. However. The result is immediate.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. you should keep in mind the 80 . Select the component you wish to instantiate. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . Select the component you wish to instantiate. Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon .4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. In the specification tree. 6. If geometry exists in the assembly.
This constraint is added to the specification tree too.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. Click the Contact Constraint icon . Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. 6. Select the second face to be constrained.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes).5.5. Green graphic symbols are 81 . You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Select the face to be constrained. 6. Double-clicking activates it. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Select the faces to be constrained. As the contact constraint is created. opposite. The components involved and their status are indicated. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . indicating orientations.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. The selected component is orange framed (default color). Same. Depending on the selected elements. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. coaxiality or coplanarity. you may obtain concentricity.
Click the Angle Constraint icon . Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . you will have to define an angle value. By fixing its position according to other components. which means setting a relative position. Keep the Angle option. Click the Offset Constraint icon . Note that four sectors are available: constraint. 6. In the dialog box that appears. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 6.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space".5. This constraint is added to the specification tree.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. The constraint is created. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints.5.5. When setting an angle constraint.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). The components involved and their status are indicated. which means setting an absolute position. Select the faces to be constrained. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. This operation is referred to as "Fix". you need to specify how faces should be oriented. that is the light blue . Click OK to create the angle component. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. Click OK to create the offset constraint. Select the faces to be constrained. 82 . Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees).displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. 6. click More to expand the dialog box. Select the component to be fixed. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box.
Click OK. 6.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. Coincidence. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Angle and Parallelism. Click the Fix Together icon . enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. 6. The Fix Together dialog box appears.5. You can select as many components as you wish. You can select any constraints.5.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. displays all possible constraints.5.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. The Change Type dialog box that appears. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. displaying the list of selected components. Moving one of them moves the other one too. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Click the Change Constraint icon . Move the fixed component. The components are attached to each other. Select the two entities to be constrained. 83 . Select the new type of constraint. Click OK to validate the operation. not necessarily in the active component. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. but they must belong to the active component. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . The first constraint in the list can now be set. Select the constraint to be changed. 6.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. Offset. In the Name field. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. Click OK to confirm. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location.
Select the Tools -> Options command. three options are available: Reuse the original component. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. The constraints are in black. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. 84 . The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints.6. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. 6. Using no associativity: the option is off. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. 6. create a new instance. Click the Update icon whole assembly. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. To do so. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. The default color is black. indicating they need an update. Select any activated constraint.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. cut & paste the original component. The constraint is deactivated. The assembly is updated.5.
You can rotate your component around the x. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations.8. You can move your component along the x. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree.8. "Reused Rectangular Pattern.8 Moving Components 6. 6. Depending on the selected elements. 85 . y or z-axis.Click OK to repeat the second component. 6. y or z-axis as well as in the xy.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. The third row is reserved for rotations. you will obtain different results. If you use the option "generated constraints". the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. yz and xz planes. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element.1" is displayed below this entity.xx" is displayed in the tree.
The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. edge. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. showing the generated section. invert the normal vector of the plane. 6.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. it creates constraints. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. The line is projected onto the plane. The section plane is automatically created. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y.8. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. Optionally. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. The point is projected onto the line. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. Z.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. reference plane or cylinder axis). The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. also appears. 86 . A Preview window. 6. Click the Sectioning icon. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The point is projected onto the plane. The plane passes through the line. move and rotate the section plane.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. Both lines become collinear.
Within a scene. Hole. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Click Ok to end the scene creation. Perform the required modifications. To edit an assembly split. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . which in turn must contain one part at least. 6. Click OK to confirm. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. 6.6.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features.X' in assembly features available in history tree. Click the Create Scene icon . The active product at least must include two components.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. keep in mind the following. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Perform a Symmetry. Add. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. For instance modify: viewpoint. Remove. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". click them to reverse the direction. The different assembly features you can create are: Split.10. graphical attributes. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. Pocket. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. the graphical attributes of the components. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. double-click 'Assembly Split. show-no show.
Click the Explode icon . Selection against all. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Between two selections. Clearance + Contact + Clash.they were in the initial product. Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. Click Apply to check for interferences. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Four computation types are available: Between all components. 6. The Explode dialog box is displayed. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. 6. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. if necessary. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. 3D is the default type. Click Apply to perform the operation. 88 . The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Inside one selection.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Set the explode type. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. keep the selection as it is. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. Keep All levels set by default. Keep it.
In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.6. Constraint Creation. Move components.. The General tab appears.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options.14. command. then the Assembly Design subcategory.14.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. Click the Mechanical Design category. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.14.. Click the Mechanical Design category.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. Select Tools -> Options. containing three categories of options: External References. The General tab appears. displaying the following options: Update. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Quick Constraint. Update and Delete Operation 6.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. Access to geometry. 89 . Click the Infrastructure category. 6.
as well as information on the drawing standards. from the menu bar. 7. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. interactive or generated views.. 7. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part.7.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. Select the Drafting workbench. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. Select the 90 .. Click OK. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. You may also add. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet. .
These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. From the New Drawing dialog box. When you create a view.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. and click OK. Select the 1:1 scale.Drawing workbench. The non-active views are framed in blue. 91 . Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. The active view is framed in red. If you click this view. 7. Even though you then delete sheet1. The new sheet automatically appears. until you click at the desired view location. the view to be created is framed in green. 7. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). Select the orientation type. and then click OK. or the A0 ISO format. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. select the ISO standard.
This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. You can update all views or a selection of views. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. Any modification applied to the specifications. Select object. 7.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document. relatively to the front view previously generated. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). select the Properties option from the contextual menu. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. Click the Drawing window. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated. As you move the cursor. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. You can perform an update. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. 7. Blue arrows appear. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. Right-click the frame of the view. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). respectively.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet.Start creating the front view. Click on sheet to place front view. a previewed projection 92 . Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. is detected.
Click to position the auxiliary view. This auxiliary view.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Click the Drawing window. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. 7. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. for example the right view position. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. use Undo or Redo icons. Click to position the callout.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. you can. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. Click an edge on the view. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. In sectioning through irregular objects. 7. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. completely describes the object. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. at any time. 93 . OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. together with the top view. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). Double-click to end the cutting profile creation.
7. You can also use a roughly sketched profile. Click the Drawing window.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. 7. the dialog is exactly the same. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. and click the Aligned Section Cut .7. It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. Click the Drawing window. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Click to generate the detail view. Click to generate the view. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . This operation is applied directly onto the active view. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Click the Drawing window. you will select the Clipping 94 . if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. You can modify this scale. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Or. In this particular case.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. Click the callout center.
7. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. 7. Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. as well as blue manipulators appear. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. translate the profile.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). A breakout view is often a partial section. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. the right.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. Click the 3D part. Click the Drawing window. Double-click to end 95 .Profile View icon . Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. the top. If needed. the left. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Click on the sheet. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). Click the first point of the breakout profile. Red zones appear. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. 7.
From the contextual menu. and right-click them. Bottom view. views are by default linked to the parent view. Select the CATPart document. 7. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. 7. Click next add any other view if required.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). 7. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Click to position the left view. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Once you are satisfied. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. Click the Drawing window.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. Left view and Right view). Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. the Top view.18 Scaling a View 96 . Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. or all views in the drawing. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. At creation.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. 7.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. select Selected objects -> isolate. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views.
Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. This Bill of Material. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . section views and section cuts. In this particular case. 7.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. or parts list. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. if you are in the background view. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. Balloons generated 7. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. 97 . Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. Before positioning the Bill of Material.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. 7. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. Click OK. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. This view is now active. If needed. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. you can pre-define the position. The detail view is updated. right-click the detail view. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. double-click the front view. For modifying the detail and section callout. go to Product Structure workbench.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. In this case.
diameter Angle. 3.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. On views including more dimensions. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. Right-click the pattern to be modified. only sketched constraints are generated. the section view is automatically updated. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. distance The dimensions below: 98 . 2. For example. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. Then click OK in this Pattern table. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. 7. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. radius. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. 7. distance. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. Double-click the callout to be modified. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. On the view for which the dimension are generated. 4. On the view with a bigger scale.
The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Dimensions 99 .23. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. to start the dimension generation.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. Click OK to close the dialog box. radius and diameter. 7. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). In the case of drawings with several views. angle. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. there is only one) is automatically displayed. dimensions are generated on all the views. length. by default.Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).23. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views.
7. 100 . Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). not generated. Click OK. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. The datum feature is created. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. The geometrical tolerance is created. Click OK when you're done. no leader will be created. Select an element (geometry. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. If you select a dimension or a text. on the contrary. the anchor point will be an arrow. This task will show you how to create a datum feature.24 Creating a Datum Feature . The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). If you select an element. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7.Click the Not Generated option . You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Enter the desired character string. dimension. the anchor point will be a small balloon. If you select a point in the free space. if needed.
text with leader. and select Text Properties. dimension text. 101 .2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. 7. justification. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar.26.7. size. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). etc. Text properties can be applied to text. A red frame appears.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text.26. Set the properties of a text. Choose View -> Toolbars. balloon and datum target. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. If needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location.26 Annotations 7. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed. such as font style. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed.
For example. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. On this CATProduct document.26. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. 7. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. You can enter another string or value as needed. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field.6. Ra=1. Enter values in the desired field(s). Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar).5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. 7. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Click to define the balloon anchor point. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Open any CATProduct document.26. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). 102 . Click OK.26. If needed.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation.7. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears. Go over one of the part with your cursor. Select an element.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Click OK.
The welding leader will appear. In this table. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. and insert views.26. 7.7. 7. You can also split a table.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. The welding symbol is created. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. merges cells. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. import a table. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. 7. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. you can add text. invert columns. and insert a view in a table. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. Click ok to validate the creation.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. Click OK. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click OK. insert columns. Click the icon to launch the command. If needed.27 Editing Properties 103 . and then click to validate. switch lines and columns.26. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table.26. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. rows. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). invert lines. Select the two elements. If needed. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. modify the geometry-welding symbol.
Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. 3D Points. you can create a formula for the view name. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Click the Graphic Tab. Choose the View tab. no more modification allowed in the view. Dress up: Hidden lines. Fillets.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. 3D spec. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Among other things. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). dress-up elements. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. edit annotation font properties. if needed. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Thread. Axis. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . Right-click on the front view and select properties. if needed. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. 3D Colors. Lock view: if you check this option. Lines and Curves option. Click OK. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Scale: the scale of the view. 3D Wireframe. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. Choose your options. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Center line.
edit dimension value properties. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid. if needed. The Options dialog box appears. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. frame.then select the Edit-> Properties command. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. In other words. 7.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. edit dimension text properties. Modify the available options. Grid: To define your grid. or leader). Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. click the Font tab. Select the Tools->Options command. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. 105 . Modify the available options. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. The associated panel is displayed. if needed. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and.
the dimension is automatically re-computed. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. View axis: When you activate a view. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. As a result. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. you can choose to visualize the view axis. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. To activate this mode. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. when you update the drawing. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. Select the Dimension tab in Options. following it dynamically during the creation process. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. In addition.
Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. the Create detected constraints option is not available. either or not using SmartPick. Allow automatic transfer between views. Automatic positioning after generation. Parallelism. 3D colors inheritance. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Project 3D points. or still adding constraints to this geometry. View tab): Generate axis. Filters before generation. then the balloon will be generated twice.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. Generate centerlines. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Apply 3D specification. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. 107 . Properties option. if a component is used two times within a product. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . end points included. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Analysis after generation. Project 3D wireframe. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. Select the Geometry tab. If all of the detection options are unchecked. perpendicularity and tangency. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Select the Generation tab. Hidden lines. Alignment. Horizontality and verticality. Generate threads. Generate fillet.
Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. and only visualized by. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. This element is used as positioning reference. the following dialog box appears. f)Annotations 108 . Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. Constraint diagnostics. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. you can define that you want or not the view name. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. scaling factor or frame to appear. For this before callout creation check this option.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. the sketch. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. Select the Layout tab. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. As a result. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced.
Press OK. or both. Press OK. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. according to the orientation. as you will choose to load the referenced document. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document.. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. press the shift key. Select the Edit->Links command. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. Select the Annotation tab. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. command. Activate the settings.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. no matter what the view scale is.You can customize given options when creating annotations. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. 109 . To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. It is now possible to customize the settings.. In this particular case. 7. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked.
8. Create Detected Constraints. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Create Constraints. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. Force Dimension on Element. True Length Dimension 8. View.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. Snap to Point.8. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet.2 Creating Views 110 . if needed. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. To modify these colors.
You can now create 2D geometry in this view. a left view and a right view. From an active front view. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. A blue axis displays in a red frame. In other words. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. 8. For this. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. The Plane Definition dialog box appears.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree. 8. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. modified in this dialog box. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. For example. a bottom view. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. This is true for any kind of view. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. Press OK. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. double-click on this isometric view. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). Press OK. In this case. In other words. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . dimensions. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. Click the Drawing window. Click the New View icon .Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Right-click the view used as reference. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. you can create: a top view. by double-clicking on this view.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant.
parabola. and then transformed into the receiving view. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. using the ObjectAction mode. Select more elements to be projected. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. select an arc of a circle in the front view. In this case. using the Action-Object mode. hyperbola. At any time. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. using the Action-Object mode. ellipse.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. the object to be projected. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. if needed. circle.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. Select. select a circle in the top view. You will first add elements to an existing view. in another view. curve). you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. Add elements to an existing view. 112 . In this case. 8.
Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. select the whole front view.Create an isometric view from scratch. Make the isometric view active (double-click). 113 . Select the object defining the view to be created. using the Object-Action mode. In this case. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view.
clipping views. Click OK. The frame can only be rectangular. as you want. a configuration. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. choose Properties. a distance constraint. In the Visualization and Behavior area. a mode: measured or constraining mode. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . You can reframe any type of view: front views.8. select the Visual Clipping check box. 8. Select the view and right-click the view frame. Click on the frame to select it. If you want constraints to be created. In the contextual menu. etc. Click the View tab. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view.6 Reframing a View In this task. details views.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. isometric views.
8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. 8. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. 8. In other words. or between generated elements. If you choose this constraint. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. you will learn how to create dimensions. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself. click a second element in the view. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. If needed.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. In other words.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. but not between a mix of these. The software proposes you parallelism by default. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. you can preview the dimensions to be created. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. 8. Click a first element in the view. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. these relations will be taken into account. On the Dimensioning toolbar. you can only create constraints between similar elements. When creating dimensions on elements. click in the drawing. click the Dimensions icon.
You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. i. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular).toolbar). a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. 8. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. Select a circle. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines.e. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. Select the reference line. click the centerline. you can also access the Properties options. If you right-click the dimension before creation. Click to validate the dimension creation. and then the second element. Select the dimension. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. 116 . The centerline created is associative with the reference line. 8. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. Red end points appear. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed.
. Click the Drawing window. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. The axis line is created. Click the Drawing window. part-sketched. part-generated elements. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. The thread is created according to this reference. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . dotting or coloring). 117 from the Dress up toolbar.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. In the Pattern dialog box. generated elements. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. Select two lines. Click the Drawing window. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. Click the Drawing window. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. The Tap type option activated by default. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. The thread is created. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). Select the Reference Thread type option line. from the (Tools toolbar). The axes and centerlines are created. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. In this particular case. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. you will apply a thread to a hole.
Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). The Area Detection dialog box appears. 118 . The arrow and the selected object are associative. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. For the purpose of this exercise. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. Select Add a Breakpoint. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. The arrow is created. Click the Drawing window. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. under the line. you can drag it to change the arrow path. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. To modify the position of the arrow. which represents the fillet edge. A contextual menu appears.