INDEX

1.Intoduction
1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering

2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.

3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1

3.7 3.8 3.9

Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench

4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents

5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2

5.7 5.8

Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design

6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design

7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3

7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29

Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing

8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4

1. INTRODUCTION
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.

1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.

Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.

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Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:

1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.

1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:

Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6

Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . cost. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. For that we need level three: SM systems. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. Moreover. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop.Generally. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. and flexibility. and costs are generally lower. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well. not just that of exterior. and are less expensive. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. 1. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes.

so mass properties (volume. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. In this way. 1. to be sure. moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. DESIGN.systems to handle architectural problems.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. surface area. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. outside. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified. rather than a part of engineering. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. 8 . And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts. 1. weight. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. By its nature. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. 1.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function.4 LAYOUTS. or on the surface of the object in question. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. SM systems are now being used to design power plants. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. centre of gravity. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms.

point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu. To do this from the 3D. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. it remains a challenge. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. and the origin and orientation of the axis system.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. Once created. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. or select a planar surface.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. and then select Edit. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). With solid. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. 9 . Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry.e. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. automation of process planning is also impossible. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. but one that can be surmounted.1. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer.7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. if you need for more complex sketches 2. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. 2. Without solids.

and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. 2. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area.e. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. on some occasions. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid.2. Construction elements 10 . this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. in which you specify the reference plane. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. . Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . i.2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. Snap to Point If activated. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis.

Dimensional Constraints: When selected. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to.4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). 11 . Geometrical Constraints: When selected. These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. 2. uses edges. and only visualized by. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. As a result. These elements cannot be modified. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. the sketch. These elements are used as positioning references. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab). OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. graphically speaking.

. at the midpoint of a line. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. any of the above cases possibly combined together. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. all over a curve. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. using coordinates. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. at the center of a circle or an ellipse. the 2.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements.6. two or three elements. Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. Using SmartPick. According to the various active options.Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). at the intersection point of two curves. SmartPick will return information via symbols.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. at the extremity point of a curve.6 Creating Constraints 2. on a point. whenever possible. The constraints are in priority dimensional. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position.

The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. by default. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. Fix. You can either select the geometry or the command first. 13 . Multi-selection for Constraints is available. Angle. double-click the constraint you wish to edit.constraints and to position this constraint as desired. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. the application displays it in green. 2.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. coincidence and tangency. Once the profile is fully constrained. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. Coincidence. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. they are checked in the dialog box.6.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Horizontal. 2. Select a first element. Select a second element. For editing. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact.6. If constraints already exist. Parallelism or Perpendicular). The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. Click OK to constrain the sketch. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected. Select the profile to be constrained.6. 2. This constraint can be created between either two elements. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.

default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space). Click to create the oriented rectangle. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. 14 . Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values.2. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar.

You are going to define the (i) circle center. (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. Click to create the parallelogram. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance.

Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar). We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. m) Creating an Arc 16 . Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. By default. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. Click three elements. circle centers appear on the sketch. k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar).

a) The arc center point. c) Through three points –start. To create a hyperbola click the focus. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. To create a Parabola click the focus. middle. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. center and apex. end. b) Through three points . and then the hyperbola two extremity points. start point and end point. q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. middle. Double-click to end the spline. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. Clicking another command ends the spline too. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). s) Creating a Conic 17 .start. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline.It shows how to create an arc. There are three possibilities. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. end.

To edit. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Click the line first point (first point). t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Click two points on the two existing lines. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. you will create one of the following: an ellipse. a circle. x) Creating an Axis 18 . double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. As a result. The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. a parabola or a hyperbola. one after the other.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. if needed. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. in accordance with both points previously clicked. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point.

This task shows how to create an axis. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical). 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates. 2. Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . Select a first line (or an axis). Select a second line (or an axis). Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. In this task.8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . of course you can create this point manually. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point.

3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. . Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Length1/Angle. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . the first or none of the elements. The second line is also highlighted. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. You can create rounded corners between curves. Trim All / First / No element. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. Create two intersecting lines. Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner. Select the first line.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. Select the two curves. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. Select the two lines. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Select the two lines. and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Length1/Length2.

Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. 21 from the Sketch tools . The arc will now be closed. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). and Break.This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). a three point arc. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The complementary arc appears for selected arc. a construction line or an axis. 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. For example. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. Create a three points arc. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. These options are Rubber In. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. Select the line to be broken. The line is now composed of two movable segments. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. Rubber out. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Select one or more elements to be relimited.

Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. The Scale Definition dialog box appears. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Here. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). Select the element(s) to be scaled. Select the element(s) to be translated. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Select or click a point to define an angle. multi-select the entire profile. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. Select the geometry to be rotated. In other words. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Multi-selection is not available. if needed. In the Translation Definition dialog box. Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). enter a precise value for the translation length. The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. Enter the number of copies you need. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. The duplicate mode is activated by default. Select or click the rotation center point.

The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. the line to be created appears immediately.This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. by creating several offset instances. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). These 23 . Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. Select the surface. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. If the line is not already selected. arc or circle. The intersection is yellow. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. Select the face of interest. There are two possibilities. select it. Both lines are parallel. The selected line is duplicated. These projections are yellow. You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. The line to be created appears. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements.

In other words. 2. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. Primary spacing. Graduations.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. The Sketcher tab appears. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. and then click Sketcher. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. It indicates the overall 24 . 2. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher. Expand the Mechanical Design option. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. in the Tools toolbar. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. You can now sketch the required profile. The Options dialog box appears. 2.

The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. which is fully integrated into Part Design. This application.3. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. Actually. 3. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. allowing you to choose the type of document you need. c) specific toolbars. from simple to advance. from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. To open it. b) the geometry area. 25 . The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. offers a highly productive. The New dialog box is displayed. You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface.

Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Point – Point: Create line between the two points.1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve.3. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Between: Creating point between two other points. Y. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface. 26 . On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon . Use the combo to choose the desired point type.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command. Circle center: Creating point of a circle. 3. . The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. ellipse.2. 3. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears.2. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve.

Once you have defined the plane. 3.2. Groove. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Click the Plane icon . Shaft. 27 . In this section. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Some operations consist in adding material. Slot. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. others in removing material. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Loft. and Remove Loft. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Rib. it is represented by a red square symbol.Regardless of the line type. Pocket.

Up to Surface. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. if you extrude a profile. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Up to Plane.3. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded. 3. You will notice that by default. 28 . Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. For each of them.Up to Last. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time. If you wish to define another length for this direction. Just click the More button and define the second limit. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. By default. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded. the application specifies the length of your pad.3.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions.

Click OK to create the pocket.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. using different length values. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. Double-click Pocket to edit it. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. 3. up to surface.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. Note 29 . You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next. set the Type parameter to Dimension. By default. To specify another direction. Click the Pocket icon . The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time.3. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. To define a specific depth. Alternatively. up to plane. Optionally click Preview to see the result.3. Click the Multi-Pocket icon . up to last. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box.3. if you extrude a profile. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. The specification tree indicates this creation. Select the profile to be extruded.

Click the Shaft icon . The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. If needed. 3. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The method described here is also valid for pockets. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Enter Thickness1 's value. Once you have done your modifications.3. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. You need an open or closed profile.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. pockets and stiffeners. and click Preview to see the result. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Select the open profile. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles. Enter Thickness2 's value.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. Material has been added to the other side of the profile. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". Consequently. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. Alternatively. For each of them. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees.3. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. select LIM1 or 30 . and click Preview to see the result. The profile is previewed in dotted line. For the purposes of our scenario. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. and an axis about which the feature will revolve. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. 3. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. you do not have to select the axis. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded.

You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. If needed. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The specification tree mentions it has been created. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Click the Groove icon . you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. For the purposes of our scenario. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). Click Preview to see the result. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields.3. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis. 3. Consequently. Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. Click OK to confirm. you do not have to select the axis.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. This task shows you how to create a groove. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. The shaft is created. Select the profile. Click OK to confirm the 31 .

By default.3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. 3. 3. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 . Various shapes of standard holes can be created. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option. To define a thread. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.operation. 3. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. you need a center curve.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body.10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. To define a rib. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. you can enter the values of your choice.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole.3.3. but you can use standard values.

It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. Select the profile you wish to sweep. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. Click the Rib icon . It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends.2.3. The specification tree mentions this creation. 3. To define this direction. It should be a closed profile. Click OK. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. To create Rib. The application now previews the rib to be created.element or a pulling direction. it can be discontinuous in tangency. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant. The rib is created. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. New options are then available. you can select a plane or an edge.11 Slot 33 . Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction.

Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. Vertices. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Pulling direction. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. Tangency. Click the Slot icon . the application computes a spine. The feature (identified as Loft. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. By default. you need a center curve. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. You can note that by default.The Loft Definition dialog box appears.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material. a planar profile. Reference surface. Click the Loft icon . a reference element and optionally a pulling direction.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. It is closed. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves. Select the profile.3. 34 . The resulting feature is a closed volume. Click OK to create the volume. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Tangency then curvature. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles.xxx) is added to the specification tree. To define a slot. They are highlighted in the geometry area. The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. 3. Select the three section curves. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material.

14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions. Select the profile to be extruded.3. Select required sections & guide curves if needed.xxx) is added to the specification tree.3. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile.3. The Two creation modes are available: 35 . This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. The feature (identified as Loft. 3. By default. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. Click the Remove Loft icon . The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. . but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Click OK to create the lofted surface. the application computes a spine.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. If you need to use an open profile.

just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Select the edges. Check the Neutral Fiber option. The stiffener is created. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. 36 . Two propagation modes are available: Minimal.4. 3. Click OK. depending on the radius value you specified.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. When filleting an edge. If you set the Tangency mode. Conversely.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. Click the Edge Fillet icon . The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. The specification tree indicates it has been created. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. you can then trim the fillets to be created. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile. CATIA displays the radius value. Optionally click Preview to see the result. Tangency. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available.

Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Select the face to be removed. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. Click OK. Click OK.4. the application chamfers its edges.4. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. The faces are filleted.4.4.3. 3. Select the faces to be filleted.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge. The specification tree indicates this creation. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2. 3. 3. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. The fillet will be tangent to this face.5 Basic Draft 37 .3 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected. Instead of entering a radius value. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. Depending on the curve's shape. Select the faces to be filleted. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Click OK. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material.

Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Parting element: this plane. Click OK. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds.4. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. This element will remain the same during the draft. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined. If Keep Parting =Neutral. 3. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction.

Enter an angle value in the Angle field. Click OK to confirm.4.9 Thickness 39 . click the Points field. Select face as the neutral element. 3.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. This line is used to support the drafted faces. indicating the default pulling direction. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. 3. The reflect line is moved accordingly. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside. The selected face becomes purple. Enter the Default inside thickness field. To edit the other angle value.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. Select the face to be removed. Select the face. To add a point on the edge. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated.4. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . 3. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. Click the Shell icon .4. Select the face to be drafted. The feature is shelled. Click OK. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. You can add as many points as you wish. while keeping a given thickness on its sides.

xxx) is added to the specification tree. This creation appears in the specification tree. 3. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. pitch value. Click Preview. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction. Click the Translate icon . Click the Thread/Tap icon .10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. You can also specify the direction by means of X.5.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK. This task shows you how to translate a body. Click OK to create the translated element. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. Enter the thread depth. The part is thickened accordingly. Check the Left-Threaded option. The application previews the thread. 40 . Limit faces must be planar. Click OK to confirm. but the thread (identified as Thread. The element (identified as Translate. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area.You can add or remove thickness to parts.4.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Enter a positive value. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Y. Select the upper face as the limit face. Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Select the faces to thicken. 3. Click the Thickness icon .

The element is rotated. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. The pads are mirrored. Click the Mirror icon .5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . The command applies to current bodies. 3. 3.5. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Click OK to confirm the operation.xxx) is added to the specification tree.3. Select a point. Click OK to create the rotated element. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. Click the Rotate icon . Enter a value for the rotation angle. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. The element (identified as Rotate. The Mirror Definition dialog box appears.5. The new element (identified as Symmetry. Select an edge as the rotation axis.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. The specification tree mentions this creation. line or plane as reference element.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Symmetry icon . Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored. 3.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry.5. The application previews the material to be created.5.

1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. Spacing & Length. Angular spacing & total angle. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern. 42 . Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Let the Instances & Spacing option. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Now. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory. Patterns let you do so. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Defining the spacing along the grid. Click OK. Select the feature you wish to copy. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field. These features accelerate the creation process.5. Instances & angular spacing. The feature "RectPattern.This is the resulting pattern. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. If needed.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. Instances & Spacing. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. circular and user patterns. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. complete crown. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. These parameters are: Instances & total angle.

The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Click the User Pattern icon .8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify.6 Measuring 3. 3. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. One more ring of pads will be added. Click OK. 3.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. This axis will be normal to the face. Click the Scaling icon . To define a direction. Click Preview. The specification tree indicates this creation. Select the body to be scaled. These points are created in the Sketch. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. To do so.5.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 . Click OK. The feature appears in the Object field.6. Click OK. 3. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. The body is scaled. The pad will be repeated seven times. Select the reference point located on the body. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. you are going to add a crown to your part.5.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. you can select an edge or a planar face. click the Crown Definition tab. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Now.

icon in the Definition box.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces.6. Click to select a surface. The Measure Item dialog box appears. surfaces and entire products). Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . By default. edges. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Switch to Design Mode. edge or vertex.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points. If exact values cannot be measured. surfaces. This command lets you choose the selection mode.). properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given. edges. Click the Measure Item icon. or an entire product (selection 2). or an entire product (selection 1). 3. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. edge or vertex. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties. Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. 3. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area.6. Click the Measure Between icon. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. edges. vertices and entire products) or between points. The Measure Between dialog box appears. etc. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. Click to select another surface.

This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. 45 . To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. density. geometry or assembly.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. volume (volumes only). The Split Definition dialog box is displayed. face or surface. Material has been removed. Click OK. In addition to the center of gravity G. you must select the desired sub-product. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. Select the blue pad as the body to be split.7 Surface-Based Features 3. indicating the splitting element. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. 3. density and mass of the selected item. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. Select the splitting surface. The area. The measure is made on the selection.7. Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. Click the Measure Inertia icon. The body is split. the dialog box also gives the area. Click the Split icon . you can click it to reverse the direction.

46 . Click OK. In the geometry area. just click it. Click the Thick Surface icon . The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.7. Select the object you wish to thicken. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The surface is closed . Click the Close Surface icon . The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. INITIAL 3.7. Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. that is the extrude element. Select the surface to be closed. The surface is thickened. The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. If you need to reverse the arrow.INITIAL 3. Click OK.2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability.

Some material has been removed. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies. This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept.INITIAL FINAL 3.7. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. indicating the object to be sewn.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. Click OK. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. The surface is sewn onto the body. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. INITIAL FINAL 47 . Click the Sew Surface icon .

To assemble them.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. During the operation. It is underlined. 3. INITIAL 48 . The result is immediate. You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one.x" in the specification tree. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform. Click OK to confirm. Removing Bodies.8. When your part includes several bodies. It allows you to create complex geometry. Click the Insert Body icon. 3. Now. You will notice that Part Body and Body. Assembling Bodies. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body.3. material has been added. Intersecting Bodies. Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. Trimming Bodies. By default. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . This is your new Part Body.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part.8. if you wish to combine them. indicating that it is the active body.x are autonomous. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application.

The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 . By default.FINAL 3.8. Adding a body to another one means uniting them. Click the Add icon .

Click OK.1 has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 50 .Part Body. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body.

3.8.4 Removing Bodies

This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon

.

The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The

Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the

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application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.

Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The

application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
aa

Body.2

Part Body

3.8.7 Remove Lump

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The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box

appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.

3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings

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Delete Operation .Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. Select the Tools -> Options command. you often need to select other elements as inputs... Select the Tools -> Options. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. you just need to use the Isolate command. External References. 4. which means that if they are shared by other features.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features. copied elements for example. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree.9. command Click the Infrastructure category. When creating a geometric element. Geometry. containing two categories of options: Specification tree. The Options dialog box is displayed.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views.This task shows you how to set general settings. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies. Click the Infrastructure category.. Update.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. and Delete Operation. Update. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. containing three categories of options: External References. then Display tab.. When selecting a sketch as 54 .Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. they will not be deleted. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts. The tab appears. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. and their origins when you are editing these elements. 3.Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object. The General tab appears.

Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes. 4. in only one operation. If you check the with end points option. 4. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). the last and first instances are the curve end points. Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. 4. Select a curve or a Point on curve.the input element.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. The Planes Between dialog box appears. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. some restrictions apply. Click the Planes Repetition icon . Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Click OK to create the planes. depending on the feature you are creating.3 Creating Polylines 55 . The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created.

Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Click the Circle icon . These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Bitangent and point . Enter a Radius value. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. The circle (identified as Circle.Tritangent. Three points. Click the Polyline icon . Bitangent and radius . Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Two points and radius. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. 56 . The Circle Definition dialog box appears. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears.This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments. Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. Center and point. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Enter all input as specified. 4.

Remove the selected point. 57 . and select a support. Click the Spline icon .5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. Replace the selected point by another point. Add a point before the selected point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected. You can select the Geometry on support check box. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point.4. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. The Spline Definition dialog box appears.

The corner will be created between these two references. such as coils and springs for example. 4. Starting Angle. Orientation. The reference elements must lie on this support. 58 . Height.6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves.xxx) is added to the specification tree. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Click the Corner icon . as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. The Corner Definition dialog box appears.7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. Click OK to create the corner. Select a starting point and an axis.4. Select two curves as reference element. Enter a Radius value. Profile. The helical curve (identified as Helix. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution. Select the Support surface. Click OK to create the helix. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Click the Helix icon . Set the helix parameters: Pitch. Taper Angle. Several solutions may be possible. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears.

at which the spiral's first revolution starts. that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. Click the Spiral icon .Define the spiral's Orientation. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed.4. when the spiral is defined by an angle. Specify the Start radius value. Tangency or Curvature. 4.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals. The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. along the Reference direction. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. that is the distance from the Center point. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the connect curve. that is a in 2D plane. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve. Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. Click the Connect Curve icon .

4. passing points or tangents. The projection is added to the specification tree. 60 . Click OK to create the projection element. Select the Support element.4. hyperbolas or ellipses. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Select the element to be projected.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. You can select several elements to be projected. that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. Click the Projection icon . Click the Conic icon . The projection may be normal or along a direction. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. The Projection Definition dialog box appears.

A Face. lines. The intersection is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 61 . which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone.) 4. Click OK to create the intersection element. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. This element (identified as Intersect. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. etc. Point. A Contour. Select the two elements to be intersected. Avoid using input elements. Click the Intersection icon . The Intersection Definition dialog box appears.12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements.Fill in the conic curve parameters.

Geometry with no history is called a datum. lofting and sweeping. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile.13. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. 4.13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Click the Extrude icon . For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. 62 . Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction.4.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Click OK to create the surface. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not.

Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface.13.13. Click OK to create the surface. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.4. and angular limits. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. 4. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . Click the Revolve icon . The spherical surface is based on a center point.

Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces.dialog box is displayed. along 64 . Click the Offset icon . Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine). Select the surface to be offset. Select the center point of the sphere. Click OK to create the surfaces. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. 4. one on each side of the reference surface. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. 4. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset.13. Click OK to create the surface.13.4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click Apply to preview the surface. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.

The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. If needed. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. Click the Line profile icon. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button. select a Second Guide. Limit and middle. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. With reference curve. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. Click the Explicit profile icon. Click the Sweep icon . With reference surface. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. If needed. then use the combo to choose the subtype. Click OK to create the swept surface. In the Smooth sweeping section. If no spine is selected. The surface (identified as Sweep. select a Spine. With draft direction. Click OK to create the swept surface. The five possible cases are Two limits. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. Click the Sweep icon . 65 . With tangency surface. Select a Guide curve. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. you can select a reference Surface. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Circle icon. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears.

If not. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Replace the selected element by another curve.13. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. Two guides. Four guides. The surface (identified as Sweep. The surface (identified as Sweep. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. 4. 4. You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. Three guides.13. Click OK to create the swept surface. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. If 66 .The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Conic icon. Select one or two section curves. Click OK to create the swept surface.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the fill surface. the results may be inconsistent. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. Click the Fill icon . This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile. Select a passing point.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. Remove the selected element. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent. Five guides. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Loft icon . Add a new element after or before the selected one. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. and enter a radius value. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Select guide curves.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Click the Sweep icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. such as parabolas. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. hyperbolas or ellipses.

13. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab. Several coupling types are available.needed.14.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. End extremity. continuity. or on none. Select the cutting element. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. The Split Definition dialog box appears. that is a surface between two wireframe elements.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. Select the element to be split. on both. only on the End section. Click the Split icon . Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. 4. Click OK. taking a number of constraints into account. 67 . You can select several cutting elements. Tangency then curvature. Tangency. A preview of the split appears. 4. In that case. 4. Click OK to create the lofted surface. Vertices. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. None. such as tension. The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. Click the Blend icon . The Blend Definition dialog box appears. then the second curve and its support. In the Spine tab page. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Set the tension type using the Tension tab.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Successively select the first curve and its support. and so forth. Start extremity. select one or more guide curves. The surface (identified as Blend. translating and rotating. depending on the section configuration: Ratio.

Click the Trim icon . A preview of the trimmed element appears. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. 68 . In that case it appears as a separate Split. Click OK to split the element.xxx element in the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. The Trim Definition dialog box appears.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. 4. The trimmed element (identified as Trim.2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation.14. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.

The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed. Click OK to extract the element. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity.). solids.14. The extracted element (identified as Extract. or Tangent continuity. Select a Surface edge. Select an edge or the face of an element. The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type.4. a point on the curve for example. 69 .3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. The selected element is highlighted. Click the Extract icon . This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. and so forth. without deleting the initial element. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements.14. Click OK to create the boundary curve. Click the Boundary icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves. No propagation. 4. points.

Select the scaling reference point. point. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click the Affinity icon .5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears.14.14.14.14. Select a line as the rotation axis. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. plane or planar surface. Click the Scaling icon . Click OK to create the scaled element. Click OK. Click the Translate icon . Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Click OK to create the translated element. or more.6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Select the Vector Definition. 4.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Select a point. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. line or plane as reference element. Select the element to be rotated. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Click the Symmetry icon . Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. line or surface element. The element (identified as Translate .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Select the element to be translated.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . Select the element to be transformed by scaling. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears.4. Click OK to create the rotated element. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears. Select the element to be transformed by affinity. 4. 4. Click the Rotate icon . Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator.14. 4.

10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. federation.14. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. Select a surface Boundary. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Other options available are Simplify the result. Merging distance. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Y.operation. Angle Tolerance. Sub-Elements To Remove. Click the Extrapolate icon . Ignore erroneous elements. Click OK to create the affinity element. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined.14. 71 . Click the Join icon. 4. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex.11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. 4. Z values.

Click the Healing icon.13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. From the Parameters tab. The surface (identified as Heal. 72 . 4. A progression bar is displayed. Select the surface which limits should be restored. Select the surfaces to be healed. Select the surface which limits should be restored. You can also set the Distance objective. define the distance below which elements are to be healed. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. and selecting one or more edges. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle.4. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. by clicking the Sharpness tab. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. while the surface is restored. you can retain sharp edges. Click OK in the dialog box. The Healing Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree.14.14.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. Provided the Tangent mode is active.

14. To update the part. 73 . Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. A resulting element can be made of several cells. while the surface is being disassembled. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. The selected element is disassembled. Select the curve to be smoothed. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. that is to say independent elements are created. Click OK in the dialog box. and type of discontinuity (point. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area). Select the element to be disassembled.e.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. A progression bar indicates the . the application provides two update modes: automatic update. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled.4. 4.14. manual update.15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. that can be manipulated independently. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. To warn you that an update is needed. A progression bar is displayed. fill the gaps. Click the Curve Smooth icon . click the Update icon evolution of the operation. To update a part. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. i. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities.

An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. 4.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. The result is immediate. The Change Body dialog box appears. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . It is underlined. in the specification tree.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally.4. indicating that it is the active open body. inserting open body entities.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. CATIA displays this new Open_body. select the branch of your choice. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. 4. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature.x. removing open body entities and changing body. Click OK to move the open body to the new body. This involves. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. In the specification tree. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . Select the new body where the open body is to be located. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed.

if it was visible. Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. 5. a surface. Click OK. The point (identified as Extremum. or becomes visible.command. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. edges or faces). according to given directions. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD. 5. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. when combined with other products such as Part Design. Set the correct options: Max. Min. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. Advance commands in GSD are as follows. Select a curve. 5. or a pad. The open body or it’s content is hidden.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . if it was hidden.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. Click the Extremum icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree.

5. lofted. on a planar contour. Successively select planes. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. Max radius. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. is added to the specification tree. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Max angle. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Min angle. 76 . These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Click OK to create the spine.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. The spine is displayed. Click Preview. Depending on the selected computation type. Click OK.xxx). that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. the results can be: Min radius. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . or filleted surfaces. You can also select a start point. a point in this case. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. This task shows how to create a spine. Click the Polar Extremum icon . The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. Click OK to create the extremum point. Select the supporting surface of the contour. Click Preview.

5. Click the Parallel Curve icon . that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears.6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. Successively select the two curves to be combined.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 . Select the reference Curve to be offset. 5. select the support surface and a direction. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. The combine (identified as Combine. whether closed or open. Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies. Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. Click the Combine icon . Key in an angle. The Combine Definition dialog box appears. Click OK to create the element.

keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. 6. Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. Select the Tools -> Options command. 5. Assembly Design 78 . You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. Select points on guide to add other sections. The General tab displays. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. When designing the profile to be swept. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. Click OK to create the swept surface. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization.5. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . The Reference surface is optional. The Options dialog box is displayed. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. Select the Guiding curve.

1) is created in the .2. To create an assembly. In the specification tree. you need products.2. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The Product2 (Product2.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. 6. 6. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created. 6.2. Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. In the specification tree. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly.1). Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. The structure of your assembly now 79 . You can use parts to create products. The Assembly Design workbench is opened. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. specific toolbars to the right of the application window.3 Inserting a New Part icon. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree.2 Inserting a Components 6. 6.

5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. 6. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing. The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed. you should keep in mind the 80 . The operation is very simple. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . If geometry exists in the assembly. and the system will place the components exactly the way you want.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. Click OK to create the components. The application previews the location of the new components. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . Setting constraints is rather an easy task. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. Select the component you wish to instantiate. The result is immediate. To define the direction of creation. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. 6. Select the component you wish to instantiate. on another component for example. However. In the specification tree. 6. check x-axis.

5. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). Depending on the selected elements. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . opposite. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. 6. Select the faces to be constrained. Select the face to be constrained. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Same.5. coaxiality or coplanarity. Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. Double-clicking activates it. Click the Contact Constraint icon .following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. The components involved and their status are indicated. The selected component is orange framed (default color). 6. The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. As the contact constraint is created. indicating orientations. Green graphic symbols are 81 . you may obtain concentricity. Select the second face to be constrained. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component.

The constraint is created. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. This operation is referred to as "Fix". 6. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". 82 . 6. By fixing its position according to other components.5.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. Select the faces to be constrained. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. you will have to define an angle value. Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). Click the Offset Constraint icon . This constraint is added to the specification tree. Note that four sectors are available: constraint.4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle.5. Click OK to create the offset constraint. which means setting a relative position. click More to expand the dialog box.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. 6.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. that is the light blue . Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. which means setting an absolute position. Keep the Angle option. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). Select the faces to be constrained. Select the component to be fixed. In the dialog box that appears. Click the Angle Constraint icon .5. Click OK to create the angle component. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . The components involved and their status are indicated. Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. When setting an angle constraint.

Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. but they must belong to the active component. 6. Moving one of them moves the other one too. The components are attached to each other. Offset. Click the Change Constraint icon .5. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Select the two entities to be constrained. 6. displaying the list of selected components. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. 6. You can select as many components as you wish. not necessarily in the active component.5. Angle and Parallelism. Move the fixed component. The first constraint in the list can now be set. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. Click OK to validate the operation.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together.5. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . In the Name field. displays all possible constraints. Click OK. The Fix Together dialog box appears. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Select the new type of constraint.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. 83 . Coincidence. Click OK to confirm. Select the constraint to be changed. You can select any constraints. The Change Type dialog box that appears. Click the Fix Together icon .

Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints.5. Select the Tools -> Options command.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. The default color is black. The assembly is updated. the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. To do so. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. The constraints are in black. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. Select any activated constraint. indicating they need an update. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. Click the Update icon whole assembly.6. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. 6. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. The constraint is deactivated. create a new instance. Using no associativity: the option is off. 84 . cut & paste the original component. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual. 6. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . Check the Manual option in the Update frame.

xx" is displayed in the tree.8 Moving Components 6.1" is displayed below this entity. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. y or z-axis as well as in the xy. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. you will obtain different results. 6.Click OK to repeat the second component. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component.8.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. y or z-axis. You can move your component along the x. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. 6. Depending on the selected elements.1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse. The third row is reserved for rotations. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. 85 . The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command. yz and xz planes. If you use the option "generated constraints".8. You can rotate your component around the x.

reference plane or cylinder axis). Both lines become collinear. Optionally. invert the normal vector of the plane. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. edge. A Preview window. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. move and rotate the section plane. The section plane is automatically created.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. The point is projected onto the line. Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. The point is projected onto the plane. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. Z. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. 6. 86 . orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. Click the Sectioning icon.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. 6. it creates constraints. The line is projected onto the plane. showing the generated section. also appears.8.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority. The plane passes through the line.

10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. which in turn must contain one part at least.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". graphical attributes. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components. show-no show. Perform a Symmetry.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit.6. Click the Create Scene icon . Pocket. To edit an assembly split. Within a scene. 6. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. keep in mind the following. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action.X' in assembly features available in history tree. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. Click Ok to end the scene creation. Remove. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Perform the required modifications.10. Add. double-click 'Assembly Split. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. Hole. You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. For instance modify: viewpoint. If the arrows point in the wrong direction. Click OK to confirm. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. 6. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. click them to reverse the direction. The active product at least must include two components. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. the graphical attributes of the components. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area.

Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. 6. 6. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. Click Apply to check for interferences. Between two selections. Click Apply to perform the operation. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. Selection against all.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. if necessary. 88 . This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. Inside one selection. Keep it. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. keep the selection as it is. Clearance + Contact + Clash. Keep All levels set by default. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Four computation types are available: Between all components. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Set the explode type. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and.they were in the initial product. The Explode dialog box is displayed.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Click the Explode icon . 3D is the default type.

.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings. 89 .. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components.14. Click the Mechanical Design category. Click the Mechanical Design category. containing three categories of options: External References. Move components. Constraint Creation. then the Assembly Design subcategory.14. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. The General tab appears.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. The General tab appears. Access to geometry. Click the Infrastructure category. displaying the following options: Update.3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options.14. Select Tools -> Options.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. Quick Constraint. command. Update and Delete Operation 6. 6. then the Assembly Design subcategory.6.

. Select the Drafting workbench. 7. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. from the menu bar.7. Click OK.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. interactive or generated views. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. .2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet.The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet. You may also add. as well as information on the drawing standards. 7.. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. Select the 90 .Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed.

select the ISO standard. From the New Drawing dialog box. The non-active views are framed in blue. Select the 1:1 scale. 7. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed.Drawing workbench. The active view is framed in red. 7.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. The new sheet automatically appears. the view to be created is framed in green. When you create a view. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting). Even though you then delete sheet1. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. 91 . If you click this view. or the A0 ISO format. and click OK. and then click OK. the sheets newly created will keep the same name.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. Select the orientation type. until you click at the desired view location.

You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. 7. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated.Start creating the front view. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). As you move the cursor. You can update all views or a selection of views. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. 7. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Select object. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). Click the Drawing window. Click on sheet to place front view. Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. Any modification applied to the specifications. Blue arrows appear. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab). is detected. You can perform an update. relatively to the front view previously generated. Right-click the frame of the view. Click inside the sheet to generate the view.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. a previewed projection 92 . respectively.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document.

Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. at any time. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. use Undo or Redo icons. for example the right view position. Click the Drawing window. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. 93 . 7. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. Click an edge on the view. If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Click to position the auxiliary view. In sectioning through irregular objects.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Click inside the green frame to generate the view. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view. completely describes the object. you can. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. This auxiliary view. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. 7. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. Click to position the callout. together with the top view.

You can also use a roughly sketched profile. 7. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. the dialog is exactly the same. Click the Drawing window. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. In this particular case. Click the Drawing window. you will select the Clipping 94 . Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar).11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. Or. Click to generate the view. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part. and click the Aligned Section Cut . An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile.7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. Click the callout center. 7. Click the Drawing window. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar). Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. Click to generate the detail view. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. You can modify this scale. In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection.

If needed. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. 7. the left. Click the first point of the breakout profile. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. the right. A breakout view is often a partial section. the top. translate the profile. A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Double-click to end 95 . as well as blue manipulators appear. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. Click on the sheet. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile.Profile View icon . and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Click the Drawing window. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Click the Drawing window. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. 7.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Red zones appear. Click the 3D part. 7. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle.

Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. Click next add any other view if required. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. At creation. views are by default linked to the parent view. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). Select the CATPart document. select Selected objects -> isolate. These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. 7. 7.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). or all views in the drawing. Click to position the left view. Once you are satisfied. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Left view and Right view).15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. 7.18 Scaling a View 96 . Bottom view.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. Click the Drawing window. From the contextual menu. 7. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. and right-click them. Select the views you want to isolate (for example. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. the Top view. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned.

Balloons generated 7. section views and section cuts. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. 97 . Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. The detail view is updated. This Bill of Material.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. In this particular case. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. right-click the detail view. if you are in the background view. Click OK. If needed. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . you can pre-define the position.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. or parts list. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. 7. 7. For modifying the detail and section callout. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. Before positioning the Bill of Material. double-click the front view. go to Product Structure workbench. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. In this case. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. This view is now active.

7. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. Right-click the pattern to be modified. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. On the view with a bigger scale.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. only sketched constraints are generated. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. Then click OK in this Pattern table. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. On the view for which the dimension are generated. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. 3. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. the section view is automatically updated. On views including more dimensions. 2. Double-click the callout to be modified. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. For example. diameter Angle. 4. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. radius. distance The dimensions below: 98 . distance. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. 7.

Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views. by default.23. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. radius and diameter.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. dimensions are generated on all the views. to start the dimension generation. In the case of drawings with several views.23. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. Dimensions 99 . Click OK to close the dialog box. 7. length. angle. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. there is only one) is automatically displayed.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case.

25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or.24 Creating a Datum Feature . if needed. If you select a point in the free space. Enter the desired character string. no leader will be created. on the contrary. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. This task will show you how to create a datum feature. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). The datum feature is created. Select an element (geometry. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). Click OK when you're done. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears. If you select a dimension or a text. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. Click OK. If you select an element.Click the Not Generated option . the anchor point will be an arrow. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). The geometrical tolerance is created. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. not generated. Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. dimension. 7. the anchor point will be a small balloon. 100 .

Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). etc. Text properties can be applied to text. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed. text with leader. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. and select Text Properties. Set the properties of a text. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. If needed. A red frame appears. 101 . balloon and datum target.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element.7. dimension text. justification. such as font style. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. Choose View -> Toolbars. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. 7. size. Click in the free space to define a location for the text.26 Annotations 7.26.26. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances.

7.6. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update. For example. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Ra=1. 7. Enter values in the desired field(s).3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon. Click OK. Open any CATProduct document. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product. Click to define the balloon anchor point. On this CATProduct document. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. You can enter another string or value as needed.7. Click OK.26. Select an element. 102 . Go over one of the part with your cursor. If needed.26. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar.26. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon). Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location.

If needed.27 Editing Properties 103 . Click OK. invert columns. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. import a table. you can add text. The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table. and insert a view in a table. In this table. switch lines and columns. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. rows. The welding symbol is created. 7. modify the geometry-welding symbol. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. Select the two elements. You can also split a table. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. The welding leader will appear. and insert views.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed.26. Click OK. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. merges cells. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols. Click the icon to launch the command.7.26. 7.26.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. The welding symbols available depend on your standard.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. invert lines. Click ok to validate the creation. and then click to validate. insert columns. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. 7. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. If needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.

you can create a formula for the view name. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. 3D Points. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. if needed. Choose your options. Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. Lines and Curves option. 3D Colors. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. Lock view: if you check this option. Thread. Click the Graphic Tab. Among other things. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. Dress up: Hidden lines. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. Scale: the scale of the view. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Axis. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. if needed. edit annotation font properties. Fillets. 3D Wireframe. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . Center line. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. 3D spec. Choose the View tab. dress-up elements.This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Click OK. no more modification allowed in the view.

The Options dialog box appears. if needed. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. In the Properties dialog box that appears. frame.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. 105 . Modify the available options. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. 7. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. In other words. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. Grid: To define your grid. Modify the available options. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. or leader). edit dimension text properties. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. edit dimension value properties. click the Font tab. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. The associated panel is displayed. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. Select the Tools->Options command.then select the Edit-> Properties command. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. if needed. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid.

c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. Select the Dimension tab in Options. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. the dimension is automatically re-computed. As a result. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset. you can choose to visualize the view axis. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. you can define the value at which the dimension is created. If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. when you update the drawing. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. View axis: When you activate a view. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. following it dynamically during the creation process. To activate this mode. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. In addition.

Generate fillet. either or not using SmartPick. Filters before generation. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Project 3D points. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Automatic positioning after generation. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. Analysis after generation. perpendicularity and tangency. View tab): Generate axis.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. Parallelism. Apply 3D specification. 107 . Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. Horizontality and verticality. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Generate threads. then the balloon will be generated twice. Properties option. Allow automatic transfer between views. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. Alignment. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . end points included. 3D colors inheritance. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Select the Generation tab. if a component is used two times within a product. Project 3D wireframe. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Select the Geometry tab. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. If all of the detection options are unchecked. Generate centerlines. Hidden lines. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views.

Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. As a result. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. you can define that you want or not the view name.Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D.Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. For this before callout creation check this option. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. and only visualized by. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. f)Annotations 108 . the sketch. scaling factor or frame to appear. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. This element is used as positioning reference. Select the Layout tab. the following dialog box appears. Constraint diagnostics.

Select the Edit->Links command. Select the Annotation tab.. 109 . as you will choose to load the referenced document. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. Press OK. Activate the settings.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document. 7. It is now possible to customize the settings. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. Press OK. command. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. or both. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Make sure the specification tree actually appears. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid. In this particular case. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. according to the orientation. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. press the shift key. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping..You can customize given options when creating annotations. no matter what the view scale is. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document.

Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Force Dimension on Element. 8. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. Snap to Point. Create Detected Constraints. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View.2 Creating Views 110 . Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet.8. True Length Dimension 8. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. To modify these colors. View. Create Constraints. if needed. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension.

For this. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. From an active front view. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . modified in this dialog box. 8. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. Click the Drawing window. A blue axis displays in a red frame. This is true for any kind of view. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. For example. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. you can create: a top view. Right-click the view used as reference. Any created view lies on a 3D plane. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. Click the New View icon . Press OK.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. double-click on this isometric view. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). 8. In other words. a left view and a right view. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Press OK. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. by double-clicking on this view. The view plane can be defined and if needed. In this case. Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. dimensions. a bottom view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. In other words.

select an arc of a circle in the front view. 8. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. Select. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. in another view.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. You will first add elements to an existing view. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. and then transformed into the receiving view. ellipse.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. curve). In this case. In this case. using the ObjectAction mode. if needed. Select more elements to be projected. circle. hyperbola. select a circle in the top view. using the Action-Object mode. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. Add elements to an existing view. 112 . the object to be projected. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. parabola. At any time. using the Action-Object mode.

Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. 113 . using the Object-Action mode. select the whole front view. Select the object defining the view to be created. All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view.Create an isometric view from scratch. Make the isometric view active (double-click). Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. In this case.

You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. If you want constraints to be created. as you want. In the Visualization and Behavior area.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. choose Properties. etc. The frame can only be rectangular. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. a mode: measured or constraining mode. clipping views. Click OK.8.6 Reframing a View In this task. You can reframe any type of view: front views. a distance constraint. Select the view and right-click the view frame. Click on the frame to select it. details views. 8. you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. Click the View tab. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . a configuration. isometric views. In the contextual menu. select the Visual Clipping check box. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame.

click in the drawing. When creating dimensions on elements. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. or between generated elements. On the Dimensioning toolbar. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . 8. Click a first element in the view. click the Dimensions icon. In other words. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. 8. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. The software proposes you parallelism by default. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. but not between a mix of these. In the Constraint Definition dialog box. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. If you choose this constraint. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar). you can preview the dimensions to be created. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. you can only create constraints between similar elements. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. you will learn how to create dimensions. 8. If needed. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. In other words.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. click a second element in the view. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. these relations will be taken into account.

Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. i. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. Red end points appear. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. click the centerline.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. If you right-click the dimension before creation. and then the second element. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines.e. 116 . The centerline created is associative with the reference line. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). 8. Select a circle. Select the dimension. 8. you can also access the Properties options. Click to validate the dimension creation. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Select the reference line.toolbar). A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed.

Select the Thread type option from the Dress . The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. In this particular case. Click the Drawing window. from the (Tools toolbar). Click the Drawing window.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. The axis line is created. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). and click the Thread icon up toolbar. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. generated elements. . d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. part-generated elements. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. Select two lines. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. In the Pattern dialog box. click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. part-sketched. Click the Drawing window. The axes and centerlines are created. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). Click the Drawing window. dotting or coloring). The thread is created. The Tap type option activated by default. The thread is created according to this reference. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. you will apply a thread to a hole. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. Select the Reference Thread type option line.

f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. under the line. A contextual menu appears. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. The arrow is created. Click the Drawing window. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). 118 . which represents the fillet edge. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. you can drag it to change the arrow path. you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. Select Add a Breakpoint. The arrow and the selected object are associative. The Area Detection dialog box appears. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. For the purpose of this exercise. To modify the position of the arrow.

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