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Bike Repair Maunal

Bike Repair Maunal

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Published by: tiesto_mixed on Sep 01, 2010
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04/14/2013

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Front mechs (short for “mechanism”) shift
the chain from one chainring to the next.
There are two main kinds: braze-on mechs
(below) are fixed by an Allen bolt to a lug,
or protrusion, on the bike frame; band-on
mechs are attached to a band that goes
around the frame and is part of the mech.
There are two important maintenance
jobs for a front mech: setting it up after
fitting a new control cable and adjusting it
whenit is not shifting properly. You should
also clean the mech regularly to prevent the
build-up of dirt, which interferes with the
way it works and will quickly wear it out.
For the mech to work perfectly, the lower
edge of the mech cage’s outer side should
be no higher than 2mm above the largest
chainring. The cage’s outer side must also
be parallel with the chainrings.
Correct shifts depend on the front mech
travelling a certain distance per shift. High
and low adjusting screws on the mech will
control this travel.

Adjusting a front mech

Shift the chaininto the largest sprocket
and the smallest chainring.
Pull the front mech cage away from the frame.
Note the distance by which the lower edge of its
outer side clears the largest chainring. This should
be 2mm. If it is more or less, undo the frame-
fixing clamp and raise or lower the front mech.
Line up the cage parallel with the chainrings
and tighten the frame-fixing clamp.

1

Pull the gear cable through the cable
clamp and tighten the cable-clamp bolt.
Cut off any excess cable with your cable
cutters and crimp on a cable tidy (see pp.26–7).
Repeat Steps 2 and 3 if, after a couple of rides,
the chain will not shift up to the next chainring,
since cables can sometimes stretch slightly.

3

Toolbox

Long-nosed pliers 5mm Allen key
Screwdriver Cable cutters

Parts of a braze-on front mech

High/low
adjusters

Front mech
cage (inner side)

Front mech cage
(outer side)

Cable-fixing clamp

1
2
3
4
5

Frame-fixing
clamp

Pivots

Front mech 53

Undo the cable-
fixingclamp
until
the cable becomes free.
Look for the low gear
adjuster (usually marked
“L”) and screw it in or out
until the inner side of the
front mech cage is about
2mm from the chain. You
have now set the starting
point of the mech’s travel.
Take this opportunity to
clean the guide in which
the cable runs under the
bottom-bracket shell. Use
degreaser, and then wash
and dry the whole area.
Put a little dry lubricant
in the guide.

2

Screw inthe high adjuster(usually marked
“H”) to bring the outer side of the front
mech cage to about 2mm from the chain.
Unscrew the higher adjuster to allow more
travel if, when you shift on to the largest
chainring, the chain does not move on to it.
Check the action by shifting a few times
between all the chainrings.

5

Shift the chainacross until it is in the
smallest sprocket and the largest chainring.
Repeat Steps 2 and 3 if the chain will not shift
on to the largest chainring.

4

STEP LOCATOR

MAINTAINING YOUR TRANSMISSION • FRONT AND REAR MECHS

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