Your Second Web Page

Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.

Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!

HTML Code:
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>

The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.

Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.

HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.

Continue Along
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.

HTML Code:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.

Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on

The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>


This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.

This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.

This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.

This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!

Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.

Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!

Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.

the paragraph texts. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years. The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. the element's content. . you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. an element is a complete tag. A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them. Another medium to market your business. Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful. Tags look like this: <tag> Element . having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. Elements will often have multiple attributes. Everything you see in front of you. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on. and finally. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large audience. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section. Web Pages Web pages have many uses. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements.If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag . a closing tag. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below.A complete tag. and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. the Tizag An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. Attribute . Advertise on Tizag. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels.

HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> </html> . As long as it falls somewhere between your <html> tag and your web page content (<body>). Now open your file in a new web browser so that you have the ability to refresh your page and see your changes. you should be starring at your very first blank (white) web page! The <head> Element The <head> element is "next" as they say. Remember to close your HTML documents with the corresponding </html> tag at the bottom of the document. Here's a sample of the initial set up. <p> ." Tags placed within the head element are not directly displayed by web browsers. title.html". and body elements. Element Content . The <html> Element. HTML Code: <html> </html> Now save your file by Selecting Menu and then Save. When asked to name your file.paragraph words 3..1. your head element will continue to lay empty except for the title element that will be introduced next. Other elements used for scripting (Javascript) and formatting (CSS) will eventually be introduced and you will have to place them within your head element. name it "index. The head functions "behind the scenes. Click on the "Save as Type" drop down box and select the option "All Files". you're golden.</html> <html> begins and ends each and every web page. head.closing tag Every (web)page requires four critical elements: the html. Double check that you did everything correctly and then press save. We will be placing the <title> element here and we'll talk about the other possible elements in later lessons. Copy the following HTML code into your text editor. without the quotes. For now. </p> .. open up Notepad or Crimson Editor and have a new. blank document ready to go. Its sole purpose is to encapsulate all the HTML code and describe the HTML document to the web browser.opening paragraph tag 2. If you haven't already. If you opened up your index.html document.

Name your webpage as you please. complete webpage. For now. the best titles are brief and descriptive. HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. etc). we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. just keep in mind. tables. Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser.As of yet. we still have nothing happening on the web page. Content (stuff you can see) will come later. The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. • Go Back . As the menu on the left suggests. as the window's title. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser. You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left. pictures. (Paragraphs.

though. The reason being that these tags do not really require any content. Tables. This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. content(s). . I'm a paragraph tag. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. lists. Recall that a completed tag is termed an As you will learn.• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content). images. By adding tags to an HTML document. left to right. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom. now treat me as such. Each time the browser finds a tag. and closing tag(s). etc). HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. forms. In a way. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). Here's quick look at some HTML tags. I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques. you signal to the browser "Hey look. and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. tables look like tables." Advertise on Tizag. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. you now may begin adding content to your site.

• • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag . it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>. life would become redundant real quick.Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -. HTML Code: <img src=".Image Tag <br /> -. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve.. Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag. Let's take a look at a line break tag.Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags). your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute. More on attributes in the next lesson. If every line break tag needed all three components as other do. Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format./mypic. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag.Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag.jpg" /> -. . HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site.

The role of classification and identifying elements will become more apparent as your learn CSS. All of these things and more can be achieved using Attributes. it will also search for set attributes and then display the element (tags+attributes) in its entirety.Class or ID Attribute The class and id attributes are nearly identical.Now is a good time to start thinking about what type of website you may want to make. HTML . HTML . These will be discussed as each tag is introduced throughout the tutorial.Attributes Attributes are used to amplify tags. They play no direct role in formatting your elements but rather serve behind the scenes for scripting and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). Right now we want to focus on a set of generic attributes that can be used with just about every HTML Tag in existence. The name attribute is seen most often with forms and other user-input elements. HTML Code: <p id="italicsparagraph">Paragraph type 1 Italics</p> <p id="boldparagraph">Paragraph type 2 Bold</p> Classification Attributes: Paragraph type 1 Italics Paragraph type 2 Bold HTML . It becomes necessary when you have two or more of the same element on a page (like a <p> tag) but want them to be different in appearance. Attributes are placed within the opening tag and they follow a precise syntax (format). HTML Code: . It is always easier to make content for a topic or to achieve a goal. At some point you may want to give your body element a background color or perhaps change the width of a table. What we mean by amplify is that when a web browser interprets a tag. ASP. Advertise on Tizag. The idea is that you can classify or id certain a tag and later format the tag using Cascading Style Many HTML tags have a unique set of their own attributes.Name Attribute Name is much different than id and class. and PHP. By allotting a name to an element. that name becomes a scripting variable for scripting languages such as Javascript.

Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role. This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element. HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless. right. HTML .<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. Do not overlook the title attribute. You may title an element anything you would like. You may align things left. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs. forgotten attribute. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: .Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds. HTML . By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified. or center. these attributes should not be forgotten.

<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>

Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading

Attribute Defaults
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.

Generic Attributes
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.

• •

Go Back Continue

• • •

Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!

Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.

HTML Code:
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>

Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.

HTML Code:
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Centering
HTML Code:
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.

HTML - Paragraph Align Right
HTML Code:
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.

HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on

let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects. This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag. Copy(Highlight. Each time you place a heading tag.</p> <p>For instance.. Off .</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example .. then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page.. Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay. Or make your own essay paragraphs.. Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display.HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags.

For instance. However. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely. photos. there is an alternative. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland. . Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. Place your documents. Advertise on Tizag.5" floppy disk. Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. With simple html skills. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. essays. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. Off hand.

Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting issues. and headings. HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen.<br /> 2. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute.</p> Biliography: . Advertise on HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example. HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1. "The Hobbit". Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag. tables. lists. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. JRR Tolkein. the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography.Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs.

HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists. As you can see. Find a Job 2. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1.definition list.unordered list. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly. Ordered simply means numbered. Advertise on Tizag.1. as the list below demonstrates. and used properly. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> . bullets <ol> .ordered list. <ul> for unordered lists. Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. JRR Tolkein. numbers <dl> . its results can be outstanding. Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items. A <ol> tag starts an ordered list. Get Money 3. and <dl> for definition lists. 2. "The Hobbit".com • • • <ul> . dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list.

Move Out iii. Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> . Get Money II.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4. Enroll in College 6. both capital and lower-case. Find a Job I. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists. Move Out C. Find a Job b. discs. Find a Job A. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. Find a Job i. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. Move Out III. Get Money c. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. Buy Food 5. Get Money B. and circles. Get Money ii.

defines the start of the list <dt> .</dd> </dt> HTML Code: .definition term <dd> .</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car.Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like.defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese. HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk  Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper  Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper  Cereal • Cereal o Cereal  Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag. • • • <dl> . It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further. These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.

Voiture French word for car. and more. And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time. Advertise on Tizag. italic. These formatting tags can make text bold.Fromage French word for cheese. it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements. HTML . In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements.Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly. If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets. and you should consult how . They can be used with any text type element. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements.Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. sub/superscripted. HTML . Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph Bold.

RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. the web developer. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB. RGB stands for Red. Being a voice of experience. Examples: black. and blue.Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. Green. Advertise on Tizag. keep the use of these tags quick and sparse. GREEN. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors. if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags. Blue. green. Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System . Red. Ultimately the decision is yours. However. The format for RGB is . Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color). Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the future. Green. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color. Below is an example of RGB in use.rgb(RED. BLUE). red. but if you are not using a browser that supports it. do not worry. and Blue Values: . white. HTML Color Coding System .to do that in our CSS Tutorial. just like the name implies.

A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document. They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications. The first two digits(RR) represent a red value.bgcolor="rgb(255. Hang in there it all makes sense shortly. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white.255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System .255)" bgcolor="rgb(255.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0.255. Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal. and the last are the blue value(BB). A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer. A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal.Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first.255. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code . Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 .Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values.0.0)" bgcolor="rgb(0.0. Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers. the next two are a green value(GG). Rest assured that the system becomes much.

Use the size. If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. See our CSS Tutorial for more information. Let's try another one.Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. . "#44HHFF". These are called True Colors.The default size of a font is 3. 15. Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR . Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers. The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest). so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size. or "#117788". Examples: "#0011EE". size. use paired hex values for color. Advertise on Tizag. and face attributes to customize your fonts. use css styles to manipulate your font. and color. HTML . color. and color to the text on your site. Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value. since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser.Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG .Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB .The formula is real simple. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color. Instead. face. Font Size Set the size of your font with The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used.

</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont . HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed. HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style.Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page... Below is the correct way to set your basefont. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance. Book Antiqua. Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed.Font Color Set the color of your font with color.. Instead they will default to Times New Roman. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font.</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font. they will not be able to see it. We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML.</p> .. HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font...

Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num..</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However. which means it may not be supported sometime in the future.or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks. the use of basefont is deprecated. 7 is biggest Change the font type "rgb. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS. HTML .. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia.</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information. Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your<p>This paragraph has had its font.Links and Anchors .

Advertise on Tizag.Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.tizag.Links to other pages within your domain Global . The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a" Global .com/" HTML .. or Global. or to open the link in the current browser window. Images.href=".tizag. Hypertext references can be Internal.href="#anchorname" Local . These connections are made using anchor tags to create links.href="http://www. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening tag. Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link.Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www.espn./pics/ HTML .com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML .com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www. and Forms may be used to create these links.The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites. Text.Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor. Local. HTML Code: . Use the demonstration below as a reference. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.Links to anchors on the current page Local . • • • Internal .Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal .

so that the viewer can remain at our web site. They look like this. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link.COM HTML . HTML Code: <a href="" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window.Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor.COM. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page. By placing blank anchors just after each heading. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new" target="_blank">ESPN. cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN. the headings of this page contain blank. and naming them.COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN. we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below.ESPN. Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: . named anchors. Here's the example. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links. In the example below. First. a popular sports web site.

HTML Code: <a href=" In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well.Email Links Creating an email link is simple. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson.Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML . HTML Code: <a href="</a> Complete Email: Email@tizag.tizag. Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text HTML .Default site!">">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML .com</a> Email Links: Email@tizag. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for" > Base .

trademark.. HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www.copy • And finally a semicolon . or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol. HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand . Several symbols such as copyright. to make . Additional Spaces and <>. Copyright: Combine &copy. In order to display these characters.Copyright symbol. Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity. you need to know 4 parts. Usually set your base to your home There's three parts to every entity. .& • Then the entities name . In order to display them. Advertise on Tizag.© . It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line.Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to.

must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags. &sect. <br /> Body tag . &#165. must come &nbsp. &#166. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML. Here's an example. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up. &nbsp.&lt. An entity exists for placing additional spaces. &curren.&gt. &#167. &#162. &pound. &quot. &#164. &#34. &#62. HTML Code: <p> Less than .> Body tag . </p> Less than Greater than: Less than . so to use them on your web site you will need entities. &brvbar. HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name &#160. &#60. &iexcl.&nbsp.&nbsp.down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up. &lt.<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table. &#161. . &#163.< Greater than .body&gt. <br /> Greater than .&nbsp. &cent. &yen. &gt.As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags.&lt.

&Icirc. &mp. Grave Accent-Captial A &#192. Umlaut Mark-Capital A &#196. &sup2. &ordf. Degree(s) &#176. &Iuml. Spacing Acute &#180. Masculine Ordinal Indicator &#186. &para. &copy. Circumflex Accent-Capital E &#202. &sup1. Circumflex Accent-Capital O &#212. Spacing Cedilla &#184. &Ograve. Micro &#181. Tilde-Capital O &#213. &Egrave. &frac12. Capital eth &#208. Capital ae &#198. &micro. Tilde-Capital N &#209.Ntilde. Superscript 2 &#178. ¼ Fraction &#188. &Otilde. Acute Accent-Capital O &#211. Cedilla-Capital C &#199. Acute Accent-Capital E &#201. &acute. Ring-Capital A &#197. &sup3. &frac14.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot &#168. &plusmn. Umlaut Mark-Capital I &#207. . &cedil. Registered Trademark &#174. Umlaut Mark-Capital O &#214. Tilde-Capital A &#195. &Eacute. &iquest. &uml. &Ecirc. &Oacute. &mp. &middot. Grave Accent-Capital I &#204.)uml. &Acirc. &Ccedil. &Aring. Circumflex Accent-Capital I &#206.ETH. &deg. Copyright &#169. Middle Dot &#183. &reg. %amp. &Iacute. Superscript 3 &#179. &laquo. &Ocirc. &Atilde. Spacing Macron &#175. &Igrave. Feminine Ordinal Indicator &#170. &frac34. Superscript 1 &#185. &not. &macr. Grave Accent-Capital E &#200. &Agrave. ½ Fraction &#189. Acute Accent-Capital A &#193. Negation &#172. Inverted Question Mark &#191. &Aacute. Paragraph &#182. &ordm. &Eml. Circumflex Accent-Capital A &#194. Plus or Minus &#177. &Auml. &AElig. Right Angle Quotation Mark &#187. Acute Accent-Capital I &#205. ¾ Fraction &#190. Left Angle Quotation Mark &#171. Umlaut Mark-Capital E &#203. &raquo. Grave Accent-Capital O &#210.

If you are going to put your email link on a public website. &zwj. TradeMark &#8482. Small Thorn &#254. Slash-Capital O &#216. &sbquo. &Dagger. &ndash. &circ. &oelig. &Yacute. En Dash &#8211. &thorn. &oslash. Slash-Small o &#248. &trade. &rsaquo. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. Left Double Quote &#8220. Double Dagger &#8225. &dagger. Per Mile &#8240. &OElig. Right Double Quote &#8221. &Ucirc. &ldquo. Acute Accent-Captital U &#218. &Ugrave. &times. Thorn &#222. Small ae &#230. Left Single Arrow Quote &#8249. &Uuml. Zero Width Joiner &#8205. Dagger &#8224. Small Tilde &#732. Double Low Quote &#8222. Euro Mark &#8364. However. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. &tilde. &bdquo. Circumflex Accent-Capital U &#219. &eth. &mdash. Right Single Quote &#8217. Modifier Circumflex Accent &#710. &rdquo. &Oslash. Acute Accent-Capital Y &#221.× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ ‍ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication &#215. Grave Accent-Capital U &#217. &THORN. you should know that when you place your email on your website. Small Ligature &#339. Em Dash &#8212. &lsquo. Umlaut Mark-Capital U &#220. Small Sharp &#223. &euro. &Uacute. Capital Ligature &#338. &rsquo. Right Single Arrow Quote &#8250. &permil. &szlig. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. &lsaquo. Single Low Quote &#8218. Small eth &#240. & . Left Single Quote &#8216.

Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress. HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML . We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b. Body .Images . By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them).com" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your visitors. • • Subject . HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:abc@mail. This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used to.Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account.Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site. rather than specifying a web URL.Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide.

Each method has its pros and cons.html file picture file resides in previous directory as . you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods. Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work. There are two ways to define the source of an image. for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file.gif" src=". (src=".gif) As your second choice..html file to your web server.gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as ... Advertise on Tizag. First you may use a standard URL. so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly. where the picture file is located.html file. Src stands for source. however.gif" /> Image: HTML . As with links described in a previous lesson. the source of the image or more appropriately. you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source. (src=http://www.gif" src=".Tizag. as you continue to upload picture files to your system./sunset. HTML . URL Types: Local Src src="sunset. Use your best judgement to meet your needs.gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your .Images are a staple of any web designer. Pictures must be uploaded along with your .html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as .com HTML Code: <img src="sunset. Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page./sunset. Copying the file directly to your web server solves this problem.html file A URL cannot contain drive letters. since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your .Alternative Attribute .html file and the location of the picture file./pics/sunset.Image src Above we have defined the src you may eventually run short on hard drive space.

use the height and width attributes. rather than letting the browser compute the alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. or if a user has image files disabled.gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src. HTML Code: <img src="http://example. align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML . 1. or sections. Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your body.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom . height and width attributes. tables. HTML Code: <img src="sunset. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image.

yes it is.. this would be perfect.. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph. But we aren't talking about that. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works. .</p> <p> <img src="sunset..gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click it. If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below.image lesson.</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1. Change it to your home page URL. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1.tizag.o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph...gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the. isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links . The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph. so it's rather a waste. yes it is..isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that"> <img src="sunset.

skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. high quality picture. Jpegs however.gif"> </a> Image Link: .Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger.Image Links Using graphics will liven up that" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. have an unlimited color wheel. Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding. not as compressed as a jpeg. If you do not know how to use the image tag. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design. clip art.espn. and buttons. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. On the down side. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. gifs are usually larger files. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space. bland-looking text link. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. HTML . stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail.

etc.espn. such as: their name. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero.gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. No Border: HTML . Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality Text Fields .Notice that by default.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. Advertise on Tizag. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter. many browsers add a small border around image links. email address. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. register the person to your web forum. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. high quality picture. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs. place an order.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer. credit card. gather user" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. you may store that data into a file.

HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.Sets the horizontal width of the field. HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form. Generally. let's start out with the basics of forms. Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later.We will only be using the post functionality of method. Name defines what the label of the button will be. which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor. submit. The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of.Before we teach you how to make a complete form. maxlength . name . we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place. Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button. size . We will be sending our information to a fake email address. • • • • type . The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way. and password. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit".com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. Possible choices are text. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. action .Determines what kind of input field it will be.Specifies the URL to send the data"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> . Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich. • • method .Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered.

You may have seen them on quizzes. Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information). .</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction. questionnaires. Below we have 2 groups: shade and size. name .defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of.specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question. • • value .

<select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user. HTML Code: <form method="post" action=""> Select your favorite cartoon characters. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option>"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: . HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons. The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button.

We have an entire upload example demonstrated here. In this field. a highlighted selection list. The size attribute selects how many options will be shown at once before needing to scroll. The first being a hidden field. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. and the selected option tells the browser which choice to select by default. . PHP File Upload. The HTML code for the upload form does nothing more than create an interface for the user to see and work with. Javascript is also an"> Musical Taste <select multiple name="music" size="4"> <option value="emo" selected>Emo</option> <option value="metal/rock" >Metal/Rock</option> <option value="hiphop" >Hip Hop</option> <option value="ska" >Ska</option> <option value="jazz" >Jazz</option> <option value="country" >Country</option> <option value="classical" >Classical</option> <option value="alternative" >Alternative</option> <option value="oldies" >Oldies</option> <option value="techno" >Techno</option> </select> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Selection Forms: Musical Taste þÿ Email Yourself HTML Upload Forms First of all. Basically just another type of way to get input from the user. An upload form consists of three basic parts. This form will post what the user highlights. to actually make the upload form function correctly you must know a scripting language of some sort. This hidden field does nothing more than limit the allowed file size of our uploaded file. HTML codes this automatically when we place the type="file" attribute within the input tag.Education? þÿ Email Yourself HTML Selection Forms Yet another type of form. PHP and PERL work fine. The second part is the input field itself. the user has the option to type in the full local URL of the file or he/she may click the browse button to thumb through directory after directory.

the web host. the text area is used as a way to write comments to somebody. Off of course. For this form. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. Rows are roughly 12pixels"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. Physical means that the text will appear both to you. i. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts. Wrap has 3 values. the web host. One ongoing line.HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap.e. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag. turns off word wrapping within the text area. • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The words come as they are. but when the page is submitted to you. the document sent will not have wrapping words.

com HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>. but it does take some getting used to. The <table> tag is used to begin a table. HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be.Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views it. Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly. Advertise on Tizag. . Here's how to make a table. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout. Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized.

By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.255. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within. Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: . use the <th> tag as shown below.Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns. Spacing defines the width of the border. HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables.

we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code. be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag. HTML Color .Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels. specifically page and table backgrounds. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide. For additional . HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. However. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags. It may seem a bit complicated. Also. you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags.255.bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement.

The body tag is where you change the pages background. 255)".background styling. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag. 0. HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background. 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. 0..</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0.</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names. 255)".</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names. check out CSS Backgrounds. Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color.. Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty. . Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden. here is how to change the background of your web page. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000".</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be silver.

Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva.

There's 216 "true colors" with or Verdana as the backup.This paragraph tag has. headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful.." "#0A0A0A" Avoid HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. "#333333. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red. Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color. Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal. paragraphs.. Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen). #33AA44. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper.100. To accomplish this. Example. and bodys may all have a background image. Tables. Examples: #99FFCC. we use the background attribute as follows. white is all the colors of light. "rgb(100.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML .Background Repeat . blue. HTML .100)".Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML.tizag. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts. Advertise on Tizag. and green. You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed.

Everything looks great. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture. In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions. however. or Paint Shop Pro.Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use. HTML . HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www. From a different angle. 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros. we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background. HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example. the image simply begins to repeat itself. We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome.

We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%. and all systems should be go. HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background colors. HTML Code: <table background="http://www. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see colored backgrounds. however. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites.HTML . The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell. #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF . Experiment.Transparent Background Another great techinique. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files.tizag. is that of transparent. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. Be creative. If you would like more information about using HTML color. use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can. check out our HTML Background Color lesson. tinker. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background.gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs. along the same lines as the patterned images. Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg.

#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .

Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will Frames . This means that one page has no content on it. In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*".html" because that is typically a site's main page. A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index. frames have become outdated.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ".html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time.A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame. . HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%. frameset cols="#%. and content in another frame. Advertise on Tizag. frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame. *". Individual frames are defined inside it. but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset . With the addition of CSS and PHP. Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right.*"> <frame src="menu. When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page.html"> <frame src="content. but if you wish to use them.The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page. which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself. read on.

*"> <frame src="menu. to be safe. so use both.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual .html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%. It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing. with the same value. used by Internet Explorer.*"> <frame src="menu.A zero value shows no "window" border.*"> <frame src="title. Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders.Modifies the border width. but some browsers only recognize one or the other.rows defines the height that each frame will have. FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames.html"> <frame src="content. framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width. border="#". *". Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute.html"> <frame src="content.html"> <frameset cols="30%. • • • frameborder="#" .html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%. which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%. used by Netscape.Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%. These attributes appear within the frameset tag. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*".*"> <frame src="title.

.*"> <frame src="title.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu.html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.html to point to that frame..html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> .*"> <frame name="title" src="title. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes.html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> .html"> <name="content" src="content. </html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%.html.*"> <frame src="menu.html"> <frameset cols="30%.Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu.

Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize . Not many options exist with the body tag alone. because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen.Layout HTML layout is very basic. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts.Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor. the black one. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts. However. they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime. Instead of updating the menu on each page. you could simply update the menu. scrolling="(yes/no)".Standard Layout . Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves. Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized. HTML .html file and be done with it! HTML . Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites. We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame.

the less debugging you will have to perform. and your content or display box. Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized. The code becomes complex rather fast. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> . The more specific you are about heights and widths. navigation.A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. These are the backbone to any great website.

</td></tr> <tr height="25"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Navigation" id="navigation"> <tr><td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout 2: Banner goes here Links! Links! Links! Content goes here The code is quite a lot to look at.<!-. Temporarily commenting out elements especially if the element has been left unfinished. Scripting languages such as Javascript require some commenting. Use the align and valign (vertical align) attributes to align your navigation and content.Comments --> A comment is a way for you as the web page developer to control what lines of code are to be ignored by the web browser. Advertise on Tizag. HTML . . Use cellspacing to add usable borders to your content. break it up and organize it in your own way to make things easier for you. keep an organized spacing system so it becomes easy to spot where one table ends and the other beings. Be creative yet organized. Keep things neat. Tips • • • • Your code can become quite complicated rather There are three main reasons you may want your code to be ignored. • • • Writing notes or reminders to yourself inside your actual HTML documents.

In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element. HTML . there is an opening and a closing much like tags. your code may exist for many years. or elements that aren't quite finished.> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages.<input type="text" size="12" /> -. Also. This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore. HTML Code: . this includes any HTML tags. HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www.jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little complicated. • • <!-.tizag. Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users. scripting language(s).Opening Comment -. etc. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road.Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress. HTML Code: <!-.<! All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser.Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that element.

Keywords Meta Tag Keywords or phrases are placed in this meta tag's content attribute. you should still include meta for those search bots that do recognize them. allow your site to be included in their search engine.Commenting Scripts --> Scripting languages such as Javascript and VBScript must be commented out as well. You will learn that once they are placed within the <script> tags. . Nevertheless. Commenting out elements is a great technique to pick up from where you left off in your code. Tips • • Make notes often and frequently. You should specify the most popular search terms you believe someone would use to reach your web site. A few years back.<!-.write("Hello World!") //--> </script> With this example we are jumping far ahead. meta tags were a primary way for your site to be recognized by web spiders. In the past. HTML . HTML Code: <script> <!-document. HTML Meta Tags Meta tags are used to supply information for search engines that will not be seen by the web surfer unless they were to view your web site's HTML. only then does the browser correctly execute the scripts. you may want to look back and edit your code 5 years from now. but the internet community abused the meta tags to artificially increase their ranking in the search engine databases.<input type="text" size="12" /> Input Field: þÿ Comment out elements and bits of code that you may want to recall and use at a later date. Nothing is more frustrating than deleting bits of code only to turn around and recode them. They are a very useful tool for any large project. just be sure you understand when to use comments and where to look for them.

Here's an example of proper usage for a site. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web would be as follows. Be careful. this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine. and they should be. key keywords. Note that the keywords are separated by commas. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed. CSS. XHTML. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials. etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect . tutorials. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML. As mentioned above if they do not match. or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine. Repeated words.

or any other time-sensitive information. stocks. HTML Scripts There are two very popular scripts that are commonly used in HTML to make web pages come alive. however. A common reason might be that you have just purchased a better domain name and would like to retain your old visitors. is redirection. Advertise on after being at your site for five seconds. This code will send your visitors to espn. To redirect a viewer automatically. url= ever changes. remember to place a simple "Our site has moved" message as the existing domain. If your domain (. or even validate your HTML form's data before you let the user submit. Do not rely on meta tags alone to get your web site listed on search engines. just change the URL to the new site as shown below. if you have the time. and then use a redirect meta tag to make life easier for your viewers that already may have your site bookmarked.Later down the With HTML scripts you can create dynamic web pages. make image rollovers for really cool menu effects.espn. The most common use for this type of meta tag. It may be simpler just to download someone elses scripting code and use it on your web page (if they have given you permission to do so. yet still use your new domain. With the refresh meta tag you will be able to redirect visitors to the web site of your" /> </head> Above shows refreshing Tizag's home page every 10 seconds. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="10. of course!). . you may need to redirect traffic to another domain. A quick refresh may be necessary for news. HTML javascript and HTML vbscript are very useful scripting languages to know. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="5. javascript and vbscript are very complicated compared to HTML.tizag. url=http://www." /> </head> Tips • • • Its important not to repeat words in the description or keywords meta tags Meta is not the only way to have your site seen by search engines.

We also include a comment around the javascript code. However. This will prevent browsers that do not support javascript or have had javascript disabled from displaying the javascript code in the web browser.HTML Javascript Code If you want to insert javascript code into your HTML you are going to use the script tag. Advertise on Tizag. This will prevent browsers that do not support vbscript or have had vbscript disabled from displaying the vbscript code in the web browser. check out our Javascript Tutorial. I am glad to announce that this is a problem of the past and you will have a much easier time then webmasters of the past. We also include a comment around the vbscript code. In the past multiple tags had to be used because browsers did not have a uniform standard for defining embedded media HTML Embed . HTML Music Codes Inserting music onto a web page is relatively easy. HTML Code: <script type="text/vbscript"> <!--script ***The vbscript code should go in this spot*** --> </script> For vbscript you set the type attribute equal to "text/vbscript". which is similar to the process of specifying CSS. which is similar to specifying CSS. HTML Code: <script type="text/javascript"> <!--script ***Some javascript code should go here*** --> </script> For javascript you set the type attribute equal to "text/javascript". HTML Vbscript How To To insert vbscript code onto your website you must once again make use of the script tag. Below is the correct code to insert embedded javascript code onto your site. Below is the correct code to insert vbscript code onto your site. If you would like to know more about javascript.

We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page. Embed Attributes .sets the media file to repeat or not volume . (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. Embed Attributes .mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> . To stop the music press stop/pause.Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag.the width of the media player.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display. height .set the volume of the media file.Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted. The range is 0-100.mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually. There are other ways to link to music.if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed. • • • autostart .Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. • • • width .</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location. but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media. the above example will appear slightly different.mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player.the height of the media player hidden . HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.

com/files/html/htmlexample. You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor tag. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL. A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . it works much like the image tag. much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images. users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music.mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web HTML Code: <embed src="http://www. HTML Code: . Advertise on Tizag.tizag.set the volume of the media file.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . feel free to use this URL while you practice. HTML .Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed. If done poorly. The range is 0-100. The embed tag does not require a closing tag. • • • autostart . If you want your music to play over and over again. then be sure to set the loop attribute to true. One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file. In fact.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways.

avi). (0-100). The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the> . volume . • • • • • autostart .mov) file types are supported by the embed tag. Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages.swf HTML .controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not. playcount .mpeg" files and Macromedia's .are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program.mpeg files . Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages.are Apple's Quick Time Movie format. ". and loop.Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above. hidden .mov files . HTML Code: <! -. loop . Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages.tizag.set a numeric value for the loudness of your media.are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types.swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet.controls the media's ability to start without prompting. AVI's (. . autostart.swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy.Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute. and MOV's (.A true value means the media will continuously loop.wmv files . At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie. false means no looping. Values are true or false. hidden. (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice). HTML .Google Video HTML Code -.Video Media Types Flash movies (. (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise).swf files .<a href="http://www. there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume.swf"> motiontween1easy. As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it.set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group.swf). Values are true or false. • • • • .Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet. . . HTML .

End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo.Body Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element. Advertise on Tizag. height:326px. but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip. allowing you set a pixel value margin for the right." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video. A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body HTML . Embed Google Video: HTML . As we mentioned.<embed style="width:400px. topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element. Lists. top. the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the website. These attributes work much like those of a word processing program. 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -.swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp. . Paragraphs. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your site.

or bottom of your website. Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site.0)" > HTML . we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.255.0. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML . we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links.0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links. This method has deprecated.Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags. HTML . HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255.Div Element(s) . HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255.Base Links Along the same lines. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'.0.255)" vlink="rgb(0.

The div element provides a 3rd alternative. Use only the following attributes with your div element.The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other tags. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag. HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www. Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together. Much like the body • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this example. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our viewers. HTML .com">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements. or frames.Div Layouts When HTML first began. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. A table layout. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag. anything else should be reserved for CSS. web creators only had two choices.</p> .google. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags.

Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables.Bold . HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here. Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu. adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with. and another article of content below the existing content. Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML .</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.

These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face.Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag. use them to emphasize text or words. Advertise on Tizag. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting situations.Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! . Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text. HTML . Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the heart. It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter. HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion. Rather.

Nothing fancy here. HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts. HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. They are short and sweet. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order.<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: . the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M.

</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. . This simply changes the font face. we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson. It is not always necessary. size. HTML .Phillip M.Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. Advertise on Tizag. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. As you can You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user. HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become simpler. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson. but the tag exists if you so desire.

Advertise on" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the internet. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious. Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text. Tabs and spacing are quite different. HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www. and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed.HTML . tabs. This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish I may sound crazy.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet. standing for previously formatted text. you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: . Spaces.Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique look. and absolutely annoying at times. Violets are blue.<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. HTML . Sure. One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag.

Advertise on Tizag." <hr /> HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML . HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>.Roses are Red. Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: . But I love you! HTML .Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential expressions. I may sound crazy. These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag. superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page. HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML . Violets are blue. You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets.<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag.Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing.

Carbon Dioxide HTML . Advertise on Tizag. Advertise on HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: . we use the <del> tag. HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 .Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out. Secret meeting between lovers HTML .Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your websites.Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds." 1.Water O2 .Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML .Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> ."It was a lover's tryst1.Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> .Oxygen CO2 .

This text is out!

HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.

HTML Code:
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>

To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes


Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.

HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on

HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •

"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"

HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields

You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.

HTML Code:
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />

Text Fields and Passwords:

HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.

HTML Code:
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />


HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.

HTML Code:
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />


HTML - Submit Buttons

Setting an input type to "submit" specifies a very unique button. When pressed, the button activates the action of the form whatever that may be. Most often times this is some sort of server side scripting file or a javascript function. Since we are creatting a submission button. We need to introduce a new attribute, the value attribute. Anyword(s) specified as the value will be displayed on our button. Often it is best to stick with "Submit" or "Continue". Boring, yet effective.

HTML Code:
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />

Submit Buttons:
Submit Continue Please!

HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.

HTML Code:
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />

Reset Buttons:
Reset Fields Start Over

HTML - User Input
Input from the user is critical to the development of your websites and applications. Without the use of a scipting language such as PHP or Javascript, you will find HTML Input to be very limiting. Our PHP Form Example offers a step by step guide to mastering HTML/PHP forms. Feel free to copy any code you may find useful in that example. The following lessons take a deeper look at each individual type of input field including those not mentioned: textareas, selection forms, and upload forms.

Advertise on Tizag. To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields. always specify a maxlength. HTML .Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: .Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP.HTML . The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields. The default size is around 20 characters long. PERL. generally this should match the size of your field. or ASP. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size). HTML .Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute.

replacing them with dots. we could pre-populate our text fields with some information. or boxes. Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP.þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML . Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language. HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables. All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password. Also. the browser hides the characters being typed.Text Field Value Using the value attribute.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML . . stars.

HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: . HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful.HTML . HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute. Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no. a sort of check all that apply question. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play.

Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML . In order to achieve this. We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios. we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly.Please select every sport that you play.Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection). These types of forms must be named. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: .

Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form.Radio Checked By using the checked attribute. HTML . we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: .

Paragraphs. Advertise on Tizag.Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML .Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML . any words placed between them will appear inside your text area.Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag. cols and rows. or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: . Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear. essays.

the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field. Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box. Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted.Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required. </textarea> Text Area Wrapping: . HTML . Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line.

HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas.Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field. </textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML . you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts. </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area.Disabled . Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML . However.

We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute. movies. </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML . simply set the type attribute to file. or even their own webpages. Advertise on HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space. An upload form is another type of input form. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: .As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas.Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting.

Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb.The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this HTML Code: <select> <option>California -. Advertise on Tizag.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML . . maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live. We can change this using the selected attribute. HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. Drop down lists have several options a user can select. You have probably seen them already on the internet.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list.CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -.

HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action. HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML .HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms. HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: . Set the type attribute to submit.Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists.Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag.CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them.

com HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> . HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. Mailto has been depreciated.Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method. Form Submission . The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP. it will work great in our example. Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission. Advertise on Tizag. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch. or ASP file. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form.Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. This can be changed to any value you wish. PERL. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form.

Advertise on Tizag. In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser. a hidden form field may come in handy. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field. or maybe justa plain text file. They need to be placed within a form tag. there are a number of uses for them. In this rare case. When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL. HTML Code: . SQL Server.<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input fields. HTML Code: <form action="myphp.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML .

HTML .Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is. . HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access. Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user.<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view. especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in.

Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag.5 We are constantly updating this page. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property. please Contact Us with your request. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code. Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets. The output of this tag is browser dependent. Many other tags function inside this element as well. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese. and text between the opening and closing tags. color. and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override. line breaks. No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format. manipulating the font-weight to your preference. common outputs are italics. Commonly called just plain "links." It's safe to No! place images.HTML Reference . Create a "base" url for all links on the page. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. but best used for long addresses.Version 0. providing many options to No! No! . Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items.

The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags. Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text. Insert a line break. however.customize the text therein. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire. No! Strike through text. resuming text flow on the next line. Yes! . browsers continue to recognize them. Allows for No! inline citation of text. No! The definition part of a definition list. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete. No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text.

or sizse. adding specific styles to specific divisions. No! . beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics.align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. fonts. Group together tables. the word you will be defining. Create forms to retrieve user input and data. Yes! Change colors. Create Definition Lists. For example. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once. No! The definition term of a Definition List. paragraphs.

Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. its possible to alter this tag in many ways. or link to exterior style sheets here. Also. Run scripts. place your title. No! . Using style sheets. Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. Must be placed within frameset tags. No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset. No! Places a heading onto your document. Creates a horizontal rule on the page.

Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. Specify using the type attribute.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. Supported by many browsers. From buttons. or checkboxes. Place images onto your website. No! . No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. to text fields. Supported by numerous browsers. Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. Works well to quickly format text.

No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit. No! Link exterior documents to your websight. Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document. within you HTML No! documents.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames. Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags. No! Create Ordered Lists. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing. . Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site.

No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag. Allows for inline text quotation.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser. Place within a form element to retrieve user input. No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input. Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! . Must be placed within a "Select" tag.

No! Create a table for layout or data presentation. No! <td> align Create a table data cell. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight itself. WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed. border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! .id lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site.

Very versatile. No! . Compatible in nearly every browser. Each tag defines the start and end of a table row. No! Create table headers over each of your columns. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading. Placed within the No! "Head" element. capable of retrieving user input via forms.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells. Creates a table row for your tables.

No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists). Compatible with many browsers.bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text. Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text. No! .

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