Your Second Web Page

Now that you have created your first webpage, let us examine the different segments of your "index.html" file. You have probably noticed a pattern of various words that are surrounded with < and >. These items are called HTML tags. An example of an html tag is <body>. The Body tag tells the browser where the page's content begins. Body is also an example of one of the required HTML tags that every web page must have.

Basic HTML Tag Information
Let's learn more about these tags. A basic web page is composed of 2 main tags. If you create a web page without these tags you will be in trouble!

HTML Code:
<html> <body> Your site's content goes here </body> </html>

The first HTML tag, which conviently is labled <html> tells the browser that your HTML code is starting. The second HTML tag, <body> tells the browser that the visible part of the webpage ( your content ) is going to start.

Closing Tags - </tag>
You might be wondering what is the deal with the two tags at the end, </body> and </html>. These tags are telling the browser that certain tags are ending. The </body> lets the browser know that your content is ending, while the </html> tells the browser that your HTML file is finished. The "/" that is placed before the tag's name informs the browser that you would like to stop using the specified tag. <tag> is used to begin a tag and </tag> is used to end a tag.

HTML Tag Order - Important!
The order that opening tags appear and ending tags appear follow an important rule. If an HTML tag is opened within another, for example the body tag is opened inside the html tag, then that tag(body) must close before the outter(html) tag is closed. We ended the body tag first because it was opened most recently. This rule of "closing the most recent tag before closing older tags" applies to all HTML tags.

Continue Along
These ideas might take a while to sink in, so how about you create your second web page? Copy this code into notepad, like you did before, following the same directions.

HTML Code:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>

After you are sure that your HTML code inside notepad is exactly the same as our provided HTML code, go ahead and save your file. You should be saving this file as "index.html". You may be prompted that you will be saving over a file, that is OK, you do not need your 1st web page anymore. When you are done, please continue.

Conclusion & Review
A few new tags were introduced in the last lesson. We will now give you a definition of these new tags to get you ready for starting the real HTML Tutorial. The new tags were: <head>, <title>, <h2>, and <p>. Advertise on

The HTML Code in Question:
<html> <head> <title>My Own Webpage!</title> </head> <body> <h2>Welcome to my webpage</h2> <p>Coming soon will be my completed webpage that will wow and impress you!</p> </body> </html>


This comes immediately following <html> and is used to tell the browser useful information, such as: the title of your page, the topic of your webpage ( used on old search engines ) and more.

This tag must comes between <head> & </head> and will label the web browser's title bar, which is located in the top left of most browsers. In the previous example, we titled the page "My Own Webpage!" and that text would show up as the browser's title.

This is a header tag. It will create a "header" that is much larger than the default font size. The "h2" means that it is the 2nd largest header. The largest header is "h1" and the smallest header is "h6". Headers should be used for titles, just like the ones you see on this page.

This is a paragraph tag. So when you're writing a paragraph make sure you place <p> at the beginning of the paragraph and </p> at the end!

Continue Your Learning - HTML Tutorial
Now that you have attained a basic understanding for how HTML works, please continue on to our HTML tutorial section. Here you will learn all the basic HTML tags and attributes required to make a usable web site.

Hyper Text Markup Language - HTML
Welcome to's HTML Tutorial. Here you will learn how the basics of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), so that you may make your own web pages like the one you are viewing right now. Advertise on HTML is not a programming language, but rather a markup language. If you already know XML, then HTML will be a snap for you to learn. We urge you not to attempt to blow through this tutorial in one sitting. We recommend that you spend 15 minutes to an hour a day practicing HTML and then take a break, to let the information settle in. We aren't going anywhere!

Preparation for HTML
Creating an HTML document is easy. To begin coding HTML you need only two things: a simple-text editor and the dedication to follow our tutorial! Notepad is the most basic of simpletext editors and you will probably code a fair amount of HTML with it.

an element is a complete tag.Used to specify ("mark-up") regions of HTML documents for the web browser to interpret. A group called the World Wide Web Consortium was then formed and have since set the standards that are widely accepted and we will base our teachings around them. .A complete tag. and the navigation links on the left are all elements of this web page. Web Pages Web pages have many uses. Advertise on Tizag. having an opening <tag> and a closing </tag>. HTML Elements HTML elements exist on many levels. The Rest of the Tutorial For the rest of the tutorial. Let the world know about you with a personal website! Words to Know • • • Tag . Attribute . Elements will often have multiple attributes. An element in HTML is a loose term that describes each individual piece of your web page. Examples and "walk-throughs" are provided in each section. November 1990 marks the day of the first web page and back then there were little to no HTML standards to be followed. please take a few minutes to complete that tutorial before moving on. Tags look like this: <tag> Element . the paragraph texts. Another medium to market your business.Used to modify the value of the HTML element. and an attribute customizes or modifies HTML elements. Here are some important facts about why web pages are so useful. or you can continue to learn step-by-step using the "Continue" button below. a closing tag. and finally. • • • A cheap and easy way to spread information to a large An element consists of three basic parts: an opening tag. the element's content. you may use the menu to navigate to specific lessons. For now just know that a tag is a command the web browser interprets. Brief HTML Background HTML has not been around for many years.If you are new to HTML and haven't read through the Beginner's Tutorial. the Tizag banner. Everything you see in front of you.

blank document ready to go..</html> <html> begins and ends each and every web page. Click on the "Save as Type" drop down box and select the option "All Files". If you haven't already.html document. Element Content . For now. <p> . you're golden. head.opening paragraph tag 2. The <html> Element.1. Its sole purpose is to encapsulate all the HTML code and describe the HTML document to the web browser.paragraph words 3. and body elements. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> </html> . your head element will continue to lay empty except for the title element that will be introduced next.closing tag Every (web)page requires four critical elements: the html. If you opened up your index." Tags placed within the head element are not directly displayed by web browsers. name it "index. When asked to name your file. Remember to close your HTML documents with the corresponding </html> tag at the bottom of the document. Now open your file in a new web browser so that you have the ability to refresh your page and see your changes. We will be placing the <title> element here and we'll talk about the other possible elements in later lessons. you should be starring at your very first blank (white) web page! The <head> Element The <head> element is "next" as they say. Other elements used for scripting (Javascript) and formatting (CSS) will eventually be introduced and you will have to place them within your head element. As long as it falls somewhere between your <html> tag and your web page content (<body>). Here's a sample of the initial set up. title. </p> . The head functions "behind the scenes. without the quotes. Copy the following HTML code into your text editor. Double check that you did everything correctly and then press save. open up Notepad or Crimson Editor and have a new.html".. HTML Code: <html> </html> Now save your file by Selecting Menu and then Save.

Name your webpage as you please. tables. it is only important to understand that the body element will encapsulate all of your webpage's viewable content. All we have so far is a couple of necessary elements that describe our document to the web browser. The <body> Element The <body> element is where all content is placed. The <title> Element Place the <title> tag within the <head> element to title your page. • Go Back . pictures. HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> <body> Hello World! All my content goes here! </body> </html> Go ahead and view your first. we will be looking at each of these elements in greater detail as the tutorial progresses. The words you write between the opening and closing <title></title> tags will be displayed at the top of a viewer's browser. Here's the html code: HTML Code: <html> <head> <title>My WebPage!</title> </head> </html> Save the file and open it in your browser. Content (stuff you can see) will come later. For now. As the menu on the left suggests. the best titles are brief and descriptive. as the window's title. etc). You should see "My WebPage!" in the upper-left.As of yet. (Paragraphs. complete webpage. we still have nothing happening on the web page. just keep in mind.

content(s). forms. though. So please continue on! Review: • • • Elements consist of three parts There are four main elements to every web page Create a primitive Site Beginning HTML Tags! A web browser reads an HTML document top to bottom. These tags however do not require a formal </closingtag> but rather a modified version. lists. The reason being that these tags do not really require any As you will learn. In a way. Recall that a completed tag is termed an element. images. tables look like tables. Here's quick look at some HTML tags. Tables. left to right. etc). they still have the 3 parts (opening/closing and content). HTML Tags: <body>Body Tag (acts as a content shell) <p>Paragraph Tag</p> <h2>Heading Tag</h2> <b>Bold Tag</b> <i>Italic Tag</i> </body> Tags Without Closing Tags There are a few tags that do not follow the mold above. you now may begin adding content to your site. and closing tag(s). By adding tags to an HTML document. I'm a paragraph tag.• Continue Tips With these 4 elements. it is displayed accordingly (paragraphs look like paragraphs. Tags have 3 major parts: opening tag(s). you signal to the browser "Hey look. and everything else being displayed on an web page requires the use of a tag or two. HTML Code: <openingtag>Content</closingtag> <p>A Paragraph Tag</p> Tags should be lower-case letters if you plan on publishing your work. This is the standard for XHTML and Dynamic HTML." Advertise on Tizag. now treat me as such. . Each time the browser finds a tag. there are probably hundreds of HTML Tags. I'm sure you want to learn some more techniques.

life would become redundant real quick. Let's take a look at a line break tag. Other tags have also been modified such as the image tag and input tag.. More on attributes in the next lesson. HTML Code: <br /> To tell the browser we want to place a line break (carriage return) onto the site.Rather some of them just need a source URL and this is enough information for the web browser to display the tag properly (image tags).Line Break Tag <input type="text" size="12" /> -. Instead the better solution was to combine the opening and closing tags into a single format.jpg" /> -. HTML Code: <img src=". your browser is completely capable of interpreting this tag so long as we tell the browser where the image is located using the src attribute. ./mypic. If every line break tag needed all three components as other do. • • Go Back Continue Tips • • • • A tag consists of an opening tag and a closing tag .Image Tag <br /> -. it is not necessary to type <br>linebreak</br>. Few HTML tags do not require a closing tag. Modify tags with attributes to customize your webpages! Tags depreciate as new web technologies evolve.Input Field Display: --Line Break-þÿ As you can see from the above image tag.

By allotting a name to an element. Advertise on Tizag. These will be discussed as each tag is introduced throughout the tutorial. Attributes are placed within the opening tag and they follow a precise syntax (format). Right now we want to focus on a set of generic attributes that can be used with just about every HTML Tag in existence. It becomes necessary when you have two or more of the same element on a page (like a <p> tag) but want them to be different in appearance.Name Attribute Name is much different than id and class. HTML .Now is a good time to start thinking about what type of website you may want to make. it will also search for set attributes and then display the element (tags+attributes) in its entirety. HTML Code: <p id="italicsparagraph">Paragraph type 1 Italics</p> <p id="boldparagraph">Paragraph type 2 Bold</p> Classification Attributes: Paragraph type 1 Italics Paragraph type 2 Bold HTML .com Many HTML tags have a unique set of their own attributes. ASP. HTML . The idea is that you can classify or id certain a tag and later format the tag using Cascading Style Sheets. It is always easier to make content for a topic or to achieve a goal. At some point you may want to give your body element a background color or perhaps change the width of a table.Attributes Attributes are used to amplify tags. What we mean by amplify is that when a web browser interprets a tag.Class or ID Attribute The class and id attributes are nearly identical. They play no direct role in formatting your elements but rather serve behind the scenes for scripting and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). HTML Code: . All of these things and more can be achieved using Attributes. that name becomes a scripting variable for scripting languages such as Javascript. The role of classification and identifying elements will become more apparent as your learn CSS. and PHP. The name attribute is seen most often with forms and other user-input elements.

HTML .<input type="text" name="TextField" /> The Name Game: þÿ This attribute has no effect on the display of the text field. You may title an element anything you would like. or center.Title Attribute This is a neat little perhaps. Much like the text pop-ups of word processing programs. You may align things left. Do not overlook the title attribute.Align Attribute If you wish to change the horizontal location of your elements you may do so using the align attribute. but behind the scenes it plays a huge identification role. HTML Code: <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> Display: Centered Heading HTML Code: . HTML Code: <h2 title="Hello There!">Titled Heading Tag</h2> Title Attribute: Titled Heading Tag Hover your mouse over the display heading to see the magic of the title attribute! This provides your web site with some user interaction which is priceless. This attribute titles an element and adds a tiny text pop-up to any HTML element. forgotten attribute. By default most elements are automatically aligned left unless otherwise specified. these attributes should not be forgotten. the effects of this attribute are not seen until you hover your mouse over the element for a few seconds. right. HTML .

<h2 align="left">Left aligned heading</h2> <h2 align="center">Centered Heading</h2> <h2 align="right">Right aligned heading</h2>

Display: Left aligned heading Centered heading Right aligned heading

Attribute Defaults
Many tags are assigned default attributes. This means that unless a tag attribute is specified by you the creator, it will have some distinct attributes. For example, a paragraph tag will always align its text to the left unless it has an align attribute in it specifying otherwise. Also elements placed within a table are vertically centered and to the left unless otherwise specified. As you code and learn about each of the different HTML elements, you will become aware of many of these defaults.

Generic Attributes
Attributes exist to modify HTML tags allowing for complete customization of a website. Here's a table of some other attributes that are readily usable with many of HTML's tags. Attribute align valign Options right, left, center top, middle, bottom numeric, hexidecimal, RGB bgcolor values background URL id class width height title User Defined User Defined Numeric Value Numeric Value User Defined Function Horizontally aligns tags Vertically aligns tags within an HTML element. Places a background color behind an element Places an background image behind an element Names an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Classifies an element for use with Cascading Style Sheets. Specifies the width of tables, images, or table cells. Specifies the height of tables, images, or table cells. "Pop-up" title for your elements.

• •

Go Back Continue

• • •

Use several different attributes to enhance a tag. Completely customize your site through various tag/attribute combos. Use the title attribute!

Paragraph Tag <p>
Publishing any kind of written works requires the use of a paragraph. The paragraph tag is very basic and a great introductory tag for beginner's because of its simplicity. Advertise on The <p> tag defines a paragraph. Using this tag places a blank line above and below the text of the paragraph. These automated blank lines are examples of how a tag "marks" a paragraph and the web browser automatically understands how to display the paragraph text because of the paragraph tag.

HTML Code:
<p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school...</p> <p>For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school...</p>

Two HTML Paragraphs:
Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. With simple html skills, (the ones you have gained so far) it is easy. For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Justification
Paragraphs can be formatted in HTML much the same as you would expect to find in a word processing program. Here the align attribute is used to "justify" our paragraph.

HTML Code:
<p align="justify">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Justified Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.

HTML - Paragraph Centering
HTML Code:
<p align="center">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Centered Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Each line of the paragraph has now been centered inside the display window.

HTML - Paragraph Align Right
HTML Code:
<p align="right">For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work...</p>

Right Text Alignment:
For instance, let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Off hand, the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3.5" floppy disk. However, there is an alternative. Place your documents, photos, essays, or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world. Every line of the paragraph above is now aligned to the right hand side of the display box.

HTML - Headings 1:6
A heading in HTML is just what you might expect, a title or subtitle. By placing text inside of <h1> (heading) tags, the text displays bold and the size of the text depends on the number of heading (1-6). Headings are numbered 1-6, with 1 being the largest heading and 6 being the smallest. Advertise on

</p> HTML Essay: Essay Example . let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Or make your own essay paragraphs. then Ctrl C) or code the following in the body of your page or a new page.</p> <p>For instance. Copy(Highlight. Essay Walkthrough Let's tie together headings and paragraphs to form an essay..HTML Code: <body> <h1>Headings</h1> <h2>are</h2> <h3>great</h3> <h4>for</h4> <h5>titles</h5> <h6>and subtitles</h6> </body> Place these lines into your HTML file and you should get what is displayed below. This is a built in attribute so to speak associated with the heading tag. Each time you place a heading tag. Headings 1-6: Headings are great for titles and subtitles Notice that each heading has a line break before and after each heading display.. HTML Code: <h1 align="center">Essay Example</h1> <p>Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects. your web browser automatically places a line break in front of your beginning tag and after your ending tag exactly the same as with <p> tags. Off ...

For instance. the easiest way to transfer the documents from your house could be a 3. Off hand.<br /> <br /> <br /> Kevin Sanders<br /> Vice President</p> Closing Letter: Sincerely. there is an alternative. Placing <br /> within the code is the same as pressing the return key in a word processor. or videos onto your web server and access them from anywhere in the world.5" floppy disk. Ohio We have created a possible address for a letter head.Avoid losing floppy disks with important school/work projects on them. It's also a quick way to write reminders or notes to yourself. Advertise on Tizag. let's say you had a HUGE school or work project to complete. Ohio<br /> </p> Address: Will Mateson Box 61 Cleveland. Use the <br /> tag within the <p> (paragraph) tag. photos. (the ones you have gained so far by now) it is easy. However. Line Breaks Line breaks are different then most of the tags we have seen so far. The line break tag will also come in handy toward the end of our letter. Place your documents. With simple html skills. A line break ends the line you are currently on and resumes on the next HTML Code: <p> Will Mateson<br /> Box 61<br /> Cleveland. essays. HTML Code: <p>Sincerely. . Use the web to keep your content so you can access it from anywhere in the world.

and headings. A table of contents or perhaps a bibliography. Note: the horizontal rule tag has no ending tag like the line break tag. tables. Use the line break tag to solve minor formatting HTML Code:: <hr /> Use <hr /><hr /> Them <hr /> Sparingly <hr /> Display:: Use Them Sparingly Aside from our exaggerated example. "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <hr /> <p>1. lists. JRR Tolkein. save larger page layout issues for tables and the align attribute.<br /> 2.</p> Biliography: . the horizontal rule tag can come in handy when publishing work. "The Hobbit".Kevin Sanders Vice President Tips • • • The line break tag can be placed within other HTML elements such as paragraphs. Remember that the line break tag does not require a closing tag. HTML Horizontal Rule Use the <hr /> tag to display lines across the screen.

unordered list. and <dl> for definition lists. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol start="4" > <li>Buy Food</li> <li>Enroll in College</li> <li>Get a Degree</li> . "The Hobbit". <ul> for unordered lists. Get Money 3. Advertise on Tizag. and used properly.ordered list. its results can be outstanding. HTML Lists There are 3 different types of lists. Place the <li> (list item) tag between your opening <ol> and closing </ol> tags to create list items. as the list below demonstrates. numbers <dl> . Move Out Start your ordered list on any number besides 1 using the start attribute. all this tag does is draw a line across your content. 2. Ordered simply means numbered. Use the type and start attributes to fine tune your lists accordingly.definition list. A <ol> tag starts an ordered list. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Goals</h4> <ol> <li>Find a Job</li> <li>Get Money</li> <li>Move Out</li> </ol> Numbered list: Goals 1. bullets <ol> .1. dictionary HTML Ordered Lists Use the <ol> tag to begin an ordered list. JRR Tolkein. Find a Job 2. As you can • • • <ul> . "The Fellowship of the Ring" JRR Tolkein.

discs. Get Money B. HTML Code: <h4 align="center">Shopping List</h4> <ul> <li>Milk</li> <li>Toilet Paper</li> <li>Cereal</li> <li>Bread</li> </ul> . Get Money II. Use the type attribute to change the numbering. Buy Food 5. Get Money c. HTML Ordered Lists Continued There are 4 other types of ordered lists. Get a Degree Nothing fancy here. Enroll in College 6. both capital and lower-case. HTML Code: <ol <ol <ol <ol type="a"> type="A"> type="i"> type="I"> Ordered List Types: Lower-Case Letters Upper-Case Letters Lower-Case Numerals Upper-Case Numerals a. Move Out C. Find a Job I. and circles.</ol> Numbered List Start: Goals 4. The bullet itself comes in three flavors: squares. Get Money ii. start simply defines which number to begin numbering with. Move Out iii. Instead of generic numbers you can replace them with Roman numberals or letters. The default bullet displayed by most web browsers is the traditional full disc. Move Out III. Find a Job i. Find a Job b. Find a Job A. Move Out HTML Unordered Lists Create a bulleted list with the <ul> tag.

</dd> </dt> HTML Code: .Unordered Lists: Shopping List • • • • Milk Toilet Paper Cereal Bread Here's a look at the other flavors of unordered lists may look like. • • • <dl> .defining definition HTML Code: <dl> <dt><b>Fromage</b></dt> <dd>French word for cheese. HTML Code: <ul type="square"> <ul type="disc"> <ul type="circle"> Unordered List Types: type="square" type="disc" type="circle" o Milk  Milk • Milk o Toilet Paper  Toilet Paper • Toilet Paper  Cereal • Cereal o Cereal  Bread • Bread o Bread HTML Definition Term Lists Make definition lists as seen in dictionaries using the <dl> tag.</dd> <dt><b>Voiture</b></dt> <dd>French word for car.defines the start of the list <dt> .definition term <dd> . It's wise to bold the terms to displace them further. These lists displace the term word just above the definition itself for a unique look.

italic. They can be used with any text type element. Several tags exist to further amplify text elements. it will become necessary to make minor changes to the formatting of those elements. Italic and More HTML Code: <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An <p>An example example example example example example example example of of of of of of of of <b>Bold Text</b></p> <em>Emphasized Text</em></p> <strong>Strong Text</strong></p> <i>Italic Text</i></p> <sup>superscripted Text</sup></p> <sub>subscripted Text</sub></p> <del>struckthrough Text</del></p> <code>Computer Code Text</code></p> HTML Formatting: An example of Bold Text An example of Emphasized Text An example of Strong Text An example of Italic Text An example of superscripted Text An example of subscripted Text An example of An example of Computer Code Text All of these tags add a pinch of flavor to paragraph elements. In our HTML Attributes lesson we discussed ways to add some flavor with attributes and align elements within other elements.Formatting Elements w/ Tags As you begin to place more and more elements onto your web site. and you should consult how .com Bold. These formatting tags can make text bold. HTML . And what we mean by that is that you should only use them to bold or italicize one or two words in your elements at a time.Formatting Tag Usage These tags should be used sparingly. HTML . Voiture French word for car. and more.Fromage French word for cheese. sub/superscripted. If you wish to bold an entire paragraph a better solution would involve Cascading Style Sheets. Advertise on Tizag.

Below is an example of RGB in use. green.RGB Values We do not recommend that you use RGB for safe web design because non-IE browsers do not support HTML RGB. However. but if you are not using a browser that supports it. white.Color Names There are 3 different methods to set color. Use this page as a reference if you ever need to format your web site's text in the do that in our CSS Tutorial. Blue. and Blue Values: . Ultimately the decision is yours. RGB stands for Red. if you plan on learning CSS then you should glance over this topic.rgb(RED. do not worry. red. Green. Generic colors are preset HTML coded colors where the value is simply the name of each color. and The 16 Basic Colors: Black Yellow Red Maroon Gray Lime Green Olive Silver Aqua Blue Navy White Fuchsia Purple Teal HTML Coloring System . • • Go Back Continue Tips • • Remember that there is a special form for line breaks and horizontal rule tags. The format for RGB is . Each can have a value from 0 (none of that color) to 255 (fully that color). GREEN. Being a voice of experience. that is just one of the problems with HTML RGB. The simplest being the Generic terms of colors. BLUE). Advertise on Tizag. Red. just like the name implies. HTML Color Coding System . Here is a sample of the most widely supported colors and their respective name values. keep the use of these tags quick and sparse. Examples: black. Green. the web developer.

The first two digits(RR) represent a red value. A formula exists to calculate the numeric equivalent of a hexadecimal.0. A Real Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#FFFFFF" The letter "F" is the maximum amount we can send each color and as you may deduce. and the last are the blue value(BB). Hang in there it all makes sense shortly. Here's a hexadecimal you might see in an HTML document. Rest assured that the system becomes much. this color (#FFFFFF) represents the color white. it is critical to understand hexadecimals to be capable of using them in your own web publications. Hexadecimal Color Values: Decimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hexadecimal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F So use letters as numbers?We will answer this question as we dive into the converting hexadecimals to regular numbers. MUCH easier with practice and as a blossoming web developer. My First Hexadecimal: bgcolor="#RRGGBB" HTML Color Code .255.255.255)" White Red Green Blue HTML Coloring System .bgcolor="rgb(255. They are far more reliable and widely compatible among web browsers and are the standard for colors on the internet. A hexadecimal is a 6 digit representation of a color.255)" bgcolor="rgb(255. Let's have a look at real Hexadecimal.Hexadecimal The hexadecimal system is complex and difficult to understand at first.Breaking the Code The following table shows how letters are incorporated into the hexadecimal essentially extending the numbers system to 16 values. Hexadecimal Formula: (15 * 16) + (15) = 255 .0)" bgcolor="rgb(0. the next two are a green value(GG).0)" bgcolor="rgb(0.0.

Green) (7 * 16) + (0) = 112 05(BB . and face attributes to customize your fonts. Instead. Let's try another one. use paired hex values for color. Examples: "#0011EE". Example 2: bgcolor="#CC7005" CC(RR . If you want to be absolutely sure your colors will not change. These are called True Colors. use css styles to manipulate your font.Red) (12 * 16) + (12) = 204 70(GG . "#44HHFF". The font and basefont tags are deprecated and should not be used. Advertise on Tizag. or "#117788". Font Size Set the size of your font with size. See our CSS Tutorial for more information. and color. HTML .The default size of a font is 3. and color to the text on your site. size. Even the most minor of change in color can throw your entire site out of whack. The range of accepted values is from 1(smallest) to 7(largest). HTML Code: <p> <font size="5">Here is a size 5 font</font> </p> Font Size: Here is a size 5 font. Use a <basefont> tag to set all of your text to the same size. color. so be sure to check your site in a number of browsers. since they will stay true in hue from browser to browser.Font and Basefont The <font> tag is used to add style. . Use the size. The value 255 is the maximum allowed for any primary color. Take the first value (F) or 15 multiply it by 16 and add it to the second value. face.The formula is real simple.Blue) (0 * 16) + (5) = 5 Hexadecimals are the best choice for compatible web development because of their consistency between browsers.

. HTML Code: <font color="#990000">This text is hexcolor #990000</font> <br /> <font color="red">This text is red</font> Font Color: This text is hexcolor #990000 This text is red Font Face Choose a different font face using any font you have installed. Garamond">This paragraph has had its font. Be aware that if the user viewing the page doesn't have the font installed... HTML Code: <html> <body> <basefont size="2" color="green"> <p>This paragraph has had its font. Instead they will default to Times New Roman.</font> </p> Font Face: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the font tag! Basefont ..</p> . We highly recommend specifying a basefont if you plan on using any font with HTML. An option is to choose a few that are similar in appearance.</p> <p>This paragraph has had its font. Book Antiqua. HTML Code: <p> <font face="Bookman Old Style.Set a Solid Base With the basefont tag you will be able to set the default font for your web page.Font Color Set the color of your font with color. they will not be able to see it. Below is the correct way to set your basefont...

</p> </basefont> </body> </html> Base Font: This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! This paragraph has had its font formatted by the basefont tag! However. The perfectly correct way to change your sites basefont is to set it with CSS. HTML . which means it may not be supported sometime in the future. Check out our CSS Tutorial for more information. Arial" color="maroon">C</font>ustomize your font to achieve a desired look..</p> Beauty: C ustomize your font to achieve a desired look. 7 is biggest Change the font type " Value 1-7" "name of font" Description Size of your text. Attribute Review Attributes: Attribute= "Value" size= color= face= "Num.Links and Anchors .or hexidecimal" Change font color Beautiful First Letter Style Customize your fonts to achieve any of your desired looks.<p>This paragraph has had its font. HTML Code: <p><font size="7" face="Georgia. the use of basefont is deprecated.

Local.espn. Decide what type of href attribute you need and place this attribute into the opening" target="_blank" >Tizag Home</a> <a href="http://www. HTML Code: . Images. or to open the link in the current browser window. Basically this is where the user will be taken if they wish to click this link.tizag.The web got its spidery name from the plentiful connections between web sites. and Forms may be used to create these links.href="http://www.jpg" Global . HTML Code: <a href="http://www. The text you place between the opening and closing tags will be shown as the link on a page. Use the demonstration below as a reference. Hypertext references can be Internal.href=".com/" target="_blank" >Yahoo Home</a> Global Link: Tizag Home ESPN Home Yahoo Home HTML ./pics/picturefile. • • • Internal .Links to other pages within your domain Global .com/" target="_blank" >ESPN Home</a> <a href="http://www.tizag.Hypertext Reference (href) The href attribute defines reference that the link refers to.Link Targets The target attribute defines whether to open the page in a separate window. These connections are made using anchor tags to create links. HTML .Links to other domains outside of your site HTML Code: Internal .Text Links Use the <a></a> tags to define the start and ending of an anchor.Links to anchors on the current page Local . or Global. Advertise on Tizag..href="#anchorname" Local .com/" HTML .yahoo.

target=" _blank" Opens new page in a new browser window _self" Loads the new page in current window _parent" Loads new page into a frame that is superior to where the link lies _top" Loads new page into the current browser window.ESPN. Here's the example. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.COM. Tizag's Own Code: <h2>HTML Links and Anchors<a name="top"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Text Links<a name="text"></a></h2> <h2>HTML Email<a name="email"></a></h2> Now create the reference links. a popular sports web site. we've created a mini Table of Contents for this page. so that the viewer can remain at our web site. In the example below.COM HTML . cancelling all frames The example below shows how you would link to ESPN. placing the pound symbol followed by the name of the anchor in the href of the new link. By placing blank anchors just after each heading. First. named anchors. and naming them. Anchor Code: <a href="#top">Go to the Top</a> <a href="#text">Learn about Text Links</a> <a href="#email">Learn about Email Links</a> Local Links: . They look like this.Anchors To link to sections of your existing page a name must be given to the anchor. we can then create reference links to those sections on this page as shown below. The target attribute is added to allow the browser to open ESPN in a new" target="_blank">ESPN. the headings of this page contain blank.COM</a> _blank Target: ESPN.

Email Links Creating an email link is simple. The best solution for images is to use a thumbnail link that we discuss in the next lesson. HTML Code: <a href="">Text Document</a> Download a Text Document: Text Document HTML .com</a> Email Links: Email@tizag.tizag. Things become complicated if we want to place image links available for download. HTML Code: <a href=" HTML .com</a> Complete Email: Email@tizag.Default Links.Go to the Top Learn about Text Links Learn about Email Links HTML .com?subject=Feedback" > In some circumstances it may be necessary to fill in the body of the Email for the user as well.Download Links Placing files available for download is done in exactly the same fashion as placing text site!"> Email@tizag. Base .com/pics/htmlT/blanktext. If you want somebody to mail you about your site a good way to do it is place an email link with a subject already in place for them. HTML Code: <a href="mailto:email@tizag.

Advertise on Tizag. trademark. Copyright: Combine &copy. HTML Code: <head> <base href="http://www.Copyright symbol. In order to display these characters. Additional Spaces and <>. It's always a good idea to set a base tag just incase your links become bugged somewhere down the line. Usually set your base to your home page. .com There's three parts to every"> </head> HTML Character Entities An entity is a fancy term for a symbol.© . Several symbols such as copyright. you need to know 4 parts.& • Then the entities name . HTML Code: • Each begins with a ampersand . to make .tizag.copy • And finally a semicolon ..Use the <base> tag in the head element to set a default URL for all links on a page to go to. In order to display them. or foreign cash symbols exist outside of the ones you see on your keyboard. Expect complications if you forget to include all three parts of an entity.

HTML Code: <p> Less than .As you have may have learned within paragraph and heading tags.&lt. &curren. &#34. &#163. &cent.down!</p> Spaces: Everything that goes up. &pound.&nbsp. &lt. HTML Entities Reference Table Symbol < > " ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § Definition Non-Breaking Space Less Than Greater Than Quotation Mark Inverted Exclamation Cent English Pound Currency Yen Broken Vertical Bar Section Numeric Value Correlating Name &#160. &#167. HTML Code: <p>Everything that goes up.<body> Take a few minutes to view and play with the symbols listed in the Entities Table.&nbsp. &#161.&lt.> Body tag . An entity exists for placing additional spaces. </p> Less than Greater than: Less than . &nbsp. &#62. browsers will only recognize and format 1 space between words reguardless of how many you may actually type in your coded HTML. &sect. &iexcl. so to use them on your web site you will need entities. <br /> Greater than . &#164. &#166. must come &nbsp.body&gt. &#60.&nbsp. must come down! In HTML we use less than and greater than characters to create tags. &#165.&gt. &gt. Here's an example. . &#162. &brvbar. &quot.< Greater than . <br /> Body tag . &yen.

Circumflex Accent-Capital E &#202. &Otilde. &Eacute. Umlaut Mark-Capital E &#203. Acute Accent-Capital A &#193. &Agrave. Tilde-Capital A &#195. Grave Accent-Capital I &#204. Grave Accent-Captial A &#192. &sup2. &acute. Spacing Acute &#180. &middot. Acute Accent-Capital I &#205. &ordf. &copy. &Iacute. &Aacute. &Oacute. Ring-Capital A &#197. Registered Trademark &#174. Cedilla-Capital C &#199. Copyright &#169. &Aring. Superscript 2 &#178. Masculine Ordinal Indicator &#186. Inverted Question Mark &#191. &sup3. &Egrave. Capital eth &#208. &Ccedil. &Ocirc. ¾ Fraction &#190. Superscript 3 &#179. ¼ Fraction &#188. &mp. &macr. &frac34. &ordm. &Icirc. Umlaut Mark-Capital O &#214. Right Angle Quotation Mark &#187. Superscript 1 &#185. &raquo. &mp. &frac12. Acute Accent-Capital E &#201. Capital ae &#198. &frac14. &micro. Left Angle Quotation Mark &#171. &para. Degree(s) &#176.ETH. &Auml. Circumflex Accent-Capital O &#212. Tilde-Capital N &#209.¨ © ª « » ¬ ® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Double Dot &#168. Circumflex Accent-Capital A &#194. &Igrave. Circumflex Accent-Capital I &#206. Spacing Macron &#175. Middle Dot &#183. Tilde-Capital O &#213. . &Atilde. Negation &#172. &Acirc. Grave Accent-Capital O &#210. &iquest. Paragraph &#182. Grave Accent-Capital E &#200. Micro &#181.)uml. &laquo.Ntilde. &deg. &not. Spacing Cedilla &#184. &reg. &Ecirc. &plusmn. %amp. Umlaut Mark-Capital A &#196. &Iuml. Feminine Ordinal Indicator &#170. ½ Fraction &#189. &Ograve. Acute Accent-Capital O &#211. &Eml. Umlaut Mark-Capital I &#207. Plus or Minus &#177. &AElig. &uml. &cedil. &sup1.

Small Sharp &#223. &bdquo. &Yacute. &THORN. Small ae &#230. Circumflex Accent-Capital U &#219. Acute Accent-Capital Y &#221. Left Single Arrow Quote &#8249. Zero Width Joiner &#8205. &Ucirc. &Oslash. &dagger. &euro. &lsaquo. &rdquo. Right Double Quote &#8221. Double Low Quote &#8222. Slash-Capital O &#216. Small Thorn &#254. Small eth &#240. Umlaut Mark-Capital U &#220. Euro Mark &#8364. &tilde. &oelig. &permil. &zwj. &szlig. &sbquo. Per Mile &#8240. En Dash &#8211. &aelig. &trade. &ndash. &oslash. &OElig. it is very easy for computer experts to run programs to harvest these types of emails for spamming. &lsquo. Small Tilde &#732. &eth. Right Single Arrow Quote &#8250. &ldquo. &rsquo. &Uacute. Thorn &#222. &rsaquo. Right Single Quote &#8217. Left Single Quote &#8216. &Ugrave. Grave Accent-Capital U &#217. Em Dash &#8212. &mdash. If you are going to put your email link on a public website. Slash-Small o &#248. Double Dagger &#8225. you should know that when you place your email on your website. TradeMark &#8482. Dagger &#8224.× Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß æ ð ø þ Œ œ ˆ ˜ ‍ – — ‘ ’ ‚ “ ” „ † ‡ ‰ ‹ › € ™ Multiplication &#215. Single Low Quote & . &Uuml. &thorn. &times. be sure that you have anti-spam software! Advertise on Tizag. Create HTML Email Making an HTML email link on your page is quick and simple. Acute Accent-Captital U &#218. &circ. Capital Ligature &#338. Small Ligature &#339. &Dagger. However. Modifier Circumflex Accent &#710. Left Double Quote &#8220.

Images .Populates the body of the email with the information that you provide. This is probably confusing and may take a little while to get used" >Email Example</a> Email Link: Email Example Additional HTML Email Code By adding a couple extra goodies onto the email address in href you can have both the SUBJECT and the BODY of the email automatically populated for your Page Email&body=This email is from your website" > 2nd Email Example</a> Complete Email: 2nd Email Example HTML . By defining a uniform subject that people will automatically have when clicking the link you will be able to tell right away whether or not an email came from the website or from another source (as long as your visitors don't mess with the subject that you give them). We recommend the HTML Form Email that usually reduces the amount of potential spam. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto:abc@mail. Body . • • Subject .Another option to allow people to send you emails without exposing yourself to massive amounts of spam is to create an HTML form that gathers data from the user and emails it to your email account. HTML Code: <a href= "mailto: a@b.Populates the subject of the email with the information that you provide. rather than specifying a web URL. HTML Email Tag There actually is not a separate HTML tag for creating an HTML email link. This is great when receiving emails from a website to an email account that handles more mail than just from that one link on your site. Instead you use a standard HTML anchor tag <a> and set the href property equal to the email adddress.

.Images are a staple of any web designer.Alternative Attribute . you may use any standard URL to properly point the src attribute to a local or external source.Image src Above we have defined the src attribute. URL Types: Local Src src="sunset. however. Therefore something like src="C:\\www\web\pics\" will not work. HTML . There are two ways to define the source of an image. you may copy or upload the file onto your web server and access it locally using standard directory tree methods.Tizag. Each method has its pros and cons.gif) As your second choice./sunset. so it is very important that you understand how to use them properly. (src=".gif" Location Description picture file resides in same directory as .html file. the source of the image or more appropriately. Pictures must be uploaded along with your ..gif") The location of this picture file is in relation to your location of your . First you may use a standard URL.gif" /> Image: HTML .gif" src=".html file and the location of the picture file. (src=http://www. as you continue to upload picture files to your system.html file to your web server. As with links described in a previous lesson.gif" src=". for instance using the URL of pictures on other sites poses a problem if the web master(s) of the other site happen to change the physical location of the picture file. where the picture file is located.html file A URL cannot contain drive letters./sunset. Use your best judgement to meet your needs.html file picture file resides in the pic directory in a previous directory as .html file picture file resides in previous directory as .com HTML Code: <img src="sunset. Advertise on Tizag.. Src stands for source. you may eventually run short on hard drive space./pics/sunset. Copying the file directly to your web server solves this since a src URL is a relational source interpretation based on the location of your . Use the <img /> tag to place an image on your web page.

1. or sections. Vertically and Horizontally Align Images Use the align and valign attributes to place images within your HTML Code: <img src="sunset.The alt attribute specifies alternate text to be displayed if for some reason the browser cannot find the image. rather than letting the browser compute the size. Text only browsers also depend on the alt attribute since they cannot display pictures.gif" height="50" width="100"> Height and Width: Above we have defined the src. align (Horizontal) o right o left o center 2. valign (Vertical) o top o bottom . HTML Code: <img src="http://example. or if a user has image files disabled. tables. use the height and width attributes. text and other images will be moved around when the browser finally figures out how big the picture is supposed to be and then makes room for the picture.gif" alt="Beautiful Sunset" /> Alternative Text: HTML . height and width attributes. By informing the browser of the image dimensions it knows to set aside a place for that image. Without defining an image's dimensions your site may load poorly.Image Height and Width To define the height and width of the image.

yes it is. .</p> <p> <img src="sunset.. Change it to your home page URL.isn't it? </p> <p>This is the third paragraph that appears. But we aren't talking about that..image lesson.gif"> </a> Image Links: Now your image will take you to our home page when you click"> <img src="sunset.o center Below is an example of how to align an image to the right of a paragraph. I think this paragraph serves as a nice example to show how this image alignment works. this would be perfect. HTML Code: <p>This is paragraph 1... If we were talking about beautiful tropical sunsets.tizag. HTML Code: <a href="http://www.</p> Image Wrap Arond: This is paragraph 1. yes it is..gif" align="right"> The image will appear along the. As this is very nice for adding a little eye candy that relates to the paragraph. Images are very useful for links and can be created with the HTML below.. so it's rather a waste. isn't it? This is the third paragraph that appears below the paragraph with the image! you can see specified picture Images as Links This will be a quick review of the links . The image will appear along the right hand side of the paragraph.

clip art. On the down side. Jpegs Gifs are best used for banners. The main reason for this is that gifs can have a transparent background which is priceless when it comes to web design.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. skip ahead to the image tutorial and come back after you feel comfortable with it. Its best to use Jpegs for photo galleries.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. bland-looking text link. which calls for slow load times and large transfer rates. not as compressed as a jpeg. Avoid Jpegs for graphical design. Jpegs don't allow for transparent backgrounds. Jpegs however. but their size/quality ratio is outstanding. gifs are usually larger files. Gifs are also limited to the 256 color scheme. stick to using them for thumbnails and backgrounds.espn. have an unlimited color wheel. If you do not know how to use the image" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. high quality picture. To make an image link simply insert an image within the anchor tag. or artwork to allow the viewer to catch that extra bit of detail.gif"> </a> Image Link: . HTML Code: <a href="sunset. HTML . and buttons.Image Links Using graphics will liven up that tired.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Gifs vs. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. and have a high compression rate downsizing your load times and saving hard drive space.

you may store that data into a file. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on your needs. HTML Code: <a href="sunset. place an Text Fields . high quality picture.Notice that by default. email address. such as: their name. credit card. gather user statistics.gif"> <img src="thmb_sunset. No Border: HTML .gif" border="0"> </a> Image Link. Now make this low-quality picture into an image link and have it point to the the high-quality picture. HTML Code: <a href="http://www. or maybe subscribe them to your weekly newsletter.gif"> </a> Thumbnails: HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive information from the web surfer. many browsers add a small border around image links. Since this default is different from web browser to web browser it may be best to squelch this ambiguity by setting the border attribute to zero.Thumbnails Thumbnails are small size (Kilobytes) pictures that link to the larger. register the person to your web" target="_blank"> <img src="ahman. Advertise on Tizag. This is to quickly deceifer the difference between image links and just ordinary images on a web site. To make a thumbnail save a low-quality version of a picture and make it have smaller dimensions.espn. etc.

• • method . We will be sending our information to a fake email address. let's start out with the basics of forms. The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. • • • • type .com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"> </form> Input Forms: Name: þÿ Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. name .com"> Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"> <br /> Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10" name="password"><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send"> . Input fields are going to be the meat of your form's sandwich.Before we teach you how to make a complete form.Determines what kind of input field it will be. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. The data in the password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way. The <input> has a few attributes that you should be aware of. Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do just this. Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button.Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered.We will only be using the post functionality of method. maxlength . size . submit. action .Sets the horizontal width of the field. which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor. Name defines what the label of the button will be. we must also add a destination for this information and specify how we want it to travel to that place.Specifies the URL to send the data to.Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later. and password. the button should be the last item of your form and have its name attribute set to "Send" or "Submit". HTML Form Email Now we will add the submit functionality to your form. Generally. Possible choices are text.

You may have seen them on quizzes. name .</form> Email Forms: Name: Send þÿ Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will have set up your first functional form! HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction.specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button.defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of. and other web sites that give the user a multiple choice question. Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information).com"> What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br /> Shade: <input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark <input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br /> Size: <input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small <input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium <input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /> <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Radios: What kind of shirt are you wearing? Shade: Size: Email Myself Dark Small Light Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself" then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)". Below are a couple attributes you should know that relate to the radio button. Below we have 2 groups: shade and size. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. . • • value . questionnaires.

HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certain group of choices. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an available choice for the user. HTML Code: <form method="post" action=""> Select your favorite cartoon characters. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny <input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo <input type="submit" value="Email Myself"> </form> Check Boxes: Select the 2 greatest toons. Goofy Donald Bugs Bunny Scooby Doo Email Myself HTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menues are created with the <select> and <option>"> College Degree? <select name="degree"> <option>Choose One</option> <option>Some High School</option> <option>High School Degree</option> <option>Some College</option> <option>Bachelor's Degree</option> <option>Doctorate</option> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </select> </form> Drop Down Lists: . The check box's name and value attributes behave the same as a radio button.

We have an entire upload example demonstrated here. Basically just another type of way to get input from the user. The second part is the input field itself. PHP and PERL work fine. to actually make the upload form function correctly you must know a scripting language of some sort. The first being a hidden field. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. HTML codes this automatically when we place the type="file" attribute within the input tag. This hidden field does nothing more than limit the allowed file size of our uploaded file.Education? þÿ Email Yourself HTML Selection Forms Yet another type of form. a highlighted selection list. An upload form consists of three basic parts. PHP File Upload. . and the selected option tells the browser which choice to select by"> Musical Taste <select multiple name="music" size="4"> <option value="emo" selected>Emo</option> <option value="metal/rock" >Metal/Rock</option> <option value="hiphop" >Hip Hop</option> <option value="ska" >Ska</option> <option value="jazz" >Jazz</option> <option value="country" >Country</option> <option value="classical" >Classical</option> <option value="alternative" >Alternative</option> <option value="oldies" >Oldies</option> <option value="techno" >Techno</option> </select> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Selection Forms: Musical Taste þÿ Email Yourself HTML Upload Forms First of all. the user has the option to type in the full local URL of the file or he/she may click the browse button to thumb through directory after directory. In this field. This form will post what the user highlights. The HTML code for the upload form does nothing more than create an interface for the user to see and work with. The size attribute selects how many options will be shown at once before needing to scroll. Javascript is also an option.

HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="100" /> <input name="file" type="file" /> Upload Form: HTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their own comments onto. i. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email. turns off word wrapping within the text area. One ongoing line. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. • wrap= o o o "off" "virtual" "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as they type their comments. the text area is used as a way to write comments to"> <textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments"> Enter Comments Here </textarea> <input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"> </form> Text Area: . Off of course. For this form. the web host. The example below shows a text area 5 rows tall and 20 characters wide. Forums and the like use text areas to post what you type onto their site using scripts. but when the page is submitted to you. the same as in word programs and the value of the columns reflects how many characters wide the text area will be. and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces that may be inputed. Wrap has 3 values. the web host. Physical means that the text will appear both to you.e. Rows are roughly 12pixels high. the document sent will not have wrapping words. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the <textarea> tag. The words come as they are.

Within a table element are the <tr> (table rows) and <td> (table columns) tags.The border attribute defines how wide the table's border will be. The <table> tag is used to begin a table. but it does take some getting used to. Here's how to make a table. but after working through this lesson you'll see how they aren't too bad. . Tables are a handy way to create a site's layout.Enter Comments Here Email Yourself Also note that any text placed between the opening and closing textarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser views HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Basic Table: Row 1 Cell 1 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Content is placed within tables cells. Remember to place submit buttons with the form tags to submit the document correctly. Advertise on Tizag. A table cell is defined by <td> and </td>. HTML Tables Tables may seem difficult at first. Tips • • Remember to set the name and value attributes for your forms so the document created will be neatly organized.

Color has been added to the table to emphasize these attributes. Note: if you would like to place headers at the top of your columns.255. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellspacing="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. HTML Code: <table border="1"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> <th>Column 3</th> </tr> <tr><td rowspan="2">Row 1 Cell 1</td> <td>Row 1 Cell 2</td><td>Row 1 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td><td>Row 2 Cell 3</td></tr> <tr><td colspan="3">Row 3 Cell 1</td></tr> </table> Colspan and Rowspan: Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 1 Cell 3 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 3 Row 3 Cell 1 Cell Padding and Spacing With the cellpadding and cellspacing attributes you will be able to adjust the white space on your tables.0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cellspacing and Padding: . use the <th> tag as shown below. while padding represents the distance between cell borders and the content within. By default these headers are bold to set them apart from the rest of your table's content. Spacing defines the width of the border.Spanning Multiple Rows and Cells Use rowspan to span multiple rows and colspan to span multiple columns.

The <tr> tag must always be placed before the <td> tag. Also. HTML Code: <table border="1" cellpadding="10" bgcolor="rgb(0. specifically page and table backgrounds.Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 And now we will change the cellpadding of the table and remove the cellspacing from the previous example. HTML Color .bgcolor The bgcolor attribute is used to control the background of an HTML elmement. The examples above show good form for organizing the table code. It may seem a bit complicated. but if you keep everything organized it will be much easier to manage down the road. we suggest you only use it for your page's main background (<body>) and in tables. So a value of 10 is simply 10 pixels wide.255. However. Most attributes that use numeric values for their measurements use pixels. Bgcolor can be placed within several of the HTML tags. Tips • • • Tables can be given backgrounds using the bgcolor attribute. you can also give separate backgrounds to <td> and <tr> tags. be aware that backgrounds are not limited to the <table> tag. For additional .0)"> <tr> <th>Column 1</th> <th>Column 2</th> </tr> <tr><td>Row 1 Cell 1</td><td>Row 1 Cell 2</td></tr> <tr><td>Row 2 Cell 1</td><td>Row 2 Cell 2</td></tr> </table> Cell Pads: Column 1 Row 1 Cell 1 Row 2 Cell 1 Column 2 Row 1 Cell 2 Row 2 Cell 2 The value you specify for padding and spacing is interpreted by the browser as a pixel value you.

Just use the bgcolor attribute in the <body> tag and you are golden. A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0.</p> </body> Paragraph Bgcolor: We set the background of this paragraph to be Syntax <TAGNAME bgcolor="value"> Quick and dirty.</td> </tr></table> Table Bgcolors: A lime colored table background using color names. 255)". 0. A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". The body tag is where you change the pages background. 255)". Now continue the lesson to learn more about adding background colors in your HTML! Adding Color to Your Tables This example shows how to add a background color for an entire table using generic values of color. The HTML to change the background color is simple: Advertise on Tizag.background styling. 255)" border="1"><tr> <td>A blue colored table background using RGB values "rgb(0. 0. here is how to change the background of your web page. check out CSS Backgrounds. . HTML Code: <body bgcolor="Silver"> <p>We set the background. 0..</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="rgb(0.</td> </tr></table> <table bgcolor="#ff0000" border="1"><tr> <td>A red colored table background using hexadecimal values "#FF0000". HTML Code: <table bgcolor="lime" border="1"><tr> <td>A lime colored table background using color names.

Verdana" size="4" color="#00FF00"> .Adding Color to Table Rows & Columns Here's a few common examples of "bgcolor" and font color HTML Code: <table> <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#FFFF00"><td>This <tr bgcolor="#AAAAAA"><td>This </table> Row Row Row Row Row Row is is is is is is Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Yellow!</td></tr> Gray!</td></tr> Alternating Colors: This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! This Row is Yellow! This Row is Gray! Background Color and Font Color Together! Check out this "Scoreboard" we made with the use of font color and bgcolor! HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#000000"> <tr><td bgcolor="#009900"> <font color="#FFFF00" align="right">Green Bay</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">13</font></td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="#0000FF"> <font color="#DDDDDD" align="right">New England</font></td> <td><font color="#FFFFFF">27</font></td></tr> </table> Scoreboard: Green Bay 13 New England 27 HTML Code: <table bgcolor="#777777"> <tr><td> <p><font face="Monotype Corsiva.

To accomplish this.100)". "rgb(100. Tables. and bodys may all have a background image. Shades of gray occur when the 3 paired amounts of each color are equal.100. or Verdana as the backup. The colors are made out of hex-pairs for red.. </font></p> </td></tr> </table> Colored Paragraph: This paragraph tag has a gray background with green colored font. blue. Examples: #99FFCC.." "#0A0A0A" Avoid bright. Advertise on Tizag.Background Images can be placed within elements of HTML. #33AA44.tizag. "#333333. headache-causing color schemes! Keep your coloring distinct and purposeful. HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www.Background Repeat .com/pics/htmlT/background.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Background Image: This table has a background image HTML . Which is the oposite when dealing with pigments of color on paper. Tips • • • • • If you are new to HTML consider sticking with color names for setting your background color. white is all the colors of light.This paragraph tag has. we use the background attribute as follows. Both fonts are widely accepted as standard fonts. and green. HTML . There's 216 "true colors" with hexidecimal. Remember that black is NO color at all (a blank screen). Example. You should see Monotype Corsiva font if you have it installed.

We either need to find an image to fit exactly as our background or have an image editing program to adjust the dimensions of our image. the image simply begins to repeat itself. however. When your HTML element is larger than the dimensions of your picture.tizag. we can use this default attribute to our benefit say if we wanted to have some sort of pattern as our background. From a different angle. 4x4 Image: Now here is the same image set as the background to our same table. HTML Code: <table height="200" width="300" background="http://www.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background image</td></tr> </table> Repeating Background: This table has a background image It is obvious this is often not the desired outcome. HTML . Everything looks we could create a very small (perhaps 4X4 pixels) and create a couple of basic patterns. or Paint Shop Pro.jpg" > <tr><td>This table has a background patterned image</td></tr> </table> Pattern: This table has a background patterned image This technique is definitely one for the pros. it can also be quite useful as you will see in the following example. . In an image editing program such as Adobe Photosop. HTML Code: <table height="100" width="150" background="http://www.Patterned Backgrounds Repeating a generic image as a background doesn't have much practical use.tizag.In the first example we happen to be lucky because our image and our table had exactly the same size pixel dimensions.

use the smallest dimensions possible even as small as 1x1 if you can. you place them onto your websites the exact same way as you would a repeating background. check out our HTML Background Color lesson. Most image editors have some sort of transparency device to create images that appear see through. HTML Color Chart Below is the hexadecimal representation for an array of HTML background #000000 #003300 #006600 #009900 #000033 #003333 #006633 #009933 #000066 #003366 #006666 #009966 #000099 #003399 #006699 #009999 #0000CC #0033CC #0066CC #0099CC #0000FF #0033FF #0066FF #0099FF #00CC00 #00CC33 #00CC66 #00CC99 #00CCCC #00CCFF #00FF00 #00FF33 #00FF66 #00FF99 #00FFCC #00FFFF . Be creative. Then make sure you save your file as a gif not a jpeg. most of the time all you need to do is fill your canvas with the color you would like and then set the opacity to something below 100%.tizag. is that of transparent.Transparent Background Another great techinique.HTML . HTML Code: <table background="http://www. tinker. Larger files load slow and inhibit the load time of your sites. If you would like more information about using HTML color. along the same lines as the patterned images. We're not going to cover how to do this with every single program.gif" > <tr><td>This table has a red transparent background image</td></tr> </table> Transparent: This table has a red transparent background image Tips • • When creating patterns or transparent gifs. Now that you have had the crash course on creating transparent files. Experiment. however. and fiddle around with your backgrounds to come up with something enjoyable to look at. colored backgrounds. and all systems should be go. The hexadecimal value that you see displayed in each box represents the value to get the background color of that cell.

#330000 #333300 #336600 #339900 #330033 #333333 #336633 #339933 #330066 #333366 #336666 #339966 #330099 #333399 #336699 #339999 #3300CC #3333CC #3366CC #3399CC #3300FF #3333FF #3366FF #3399FF #33CC00 #33CC33 #33CC66 #33CC99 #33CCCC #33CCFF #33FF00 #33FF33 #33FF66 #33FF99 #33FFCC #33FFFF #660000 #663300 #666600 #669900 #660033 #663333 #666633 #669933 #660066 #663366 #666666 #669966 #660099 #663399 #666699 #669999 #6600CC #6633CC #6666CC #6699CC #6600FF #6633FF #6666FF #6699FF #66CC00 #66CC33 #66CC66 #66CC99 #66CCCC #66CCFF #66FF00 #66FF33 #66FF66 #66FF99 #66FFCC #66FFFF #990000 #993300 #996600 #999900 #990033 #993333 #996633 #999933 #990066 #993366 #996666 #999966 #990099 #993399 #996699 #999999 #9900CC #9933CC #9966CC #9999CC #9900FF #9933FF #9966FF #9999FF #99CC00 #99CC33 #99CC66 #99CC99 #99CCCC #99CCFF #99FF00 #99FF33 #99FF66 #99FF99 #99FFCC #99FFFF #CC0000 #CC0033 #CC0066 #CC0099 #CC00CC #CC00FF #CC3300 #CC3333 #CC3366 #CC3399 #CC33CC #CC33FF #CC6600 #CC6633 #CC6666 #CC6699 #CC66CC #CC66FF #CC9900 #CC9933 #CC9966 #CC9999 #CC99CC #CC99FF #CCCC00 #CCCC33 #CCCC66 #CCCC99 #CCCCCC #CCCCFF #CCFF00 #CCFF33 #CCFF66 #CCFF99 #CCFFCC #CCFFFF #FF0000 #FF0033 #FF0066 #FF0099 #FF00CC #FF00FF #FF3300 #FF3333 #FF3366 #FF3399 #FF33CC #FF33FF #FF6600 #FF6633 #FF6666 #FF6699 #FF66CC #FF66FF .

but rather tells the browser which web pages you would like to open. When someone clicks a link on the menu that web page is then opened on the content page. frames have become outdated. Individual frames are defined inside it. . frameset cols="#%. read on. With the addition of CSS and PHP.html"> <frame src="content. A good rule of thumb is to call the page which contains this frame information "index. Advertise on Frames .A Generic Frame Page Frames are most typically used to have a menu in one frame.#FF9900 #FF9933 #FF9966 #FF9999 #FF99CC #FF99FF #FFCC00 #FFCC33 #FFCC66 #FFCC99 #FFCCCC #FFCCFF #FFFF00 #FFFF33 #FFFF66 #FFFF99 #FFFFCC #FFFFFF HTML Frames Frames allow for multiple ". but if you wish to use them. HTML Code: <html> <head> </head> <frameset cols="30%.Cols(columns) defines the width that each frame will have.html" documents to be displayed inside of one browser window at a time. which means the content (the 2nd column) will use the remaining width for itself. In the above example we chose the menu (the 1st column) to be 30% of the total page and used a "*".html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Set: Here's the example: Frame Index • • • frameset . frame src="" -The location of the web page to load into the frame.The parent tag that defines the characteristics of this frames page. *". and content in another frame. Here is a classic example of a basic "index" frameset with a menu on the left and content on the right.html" because that is typically a site's main page.*"> <frame src="menu. This means that one page has no content on it.

to be safe.html"> <frame src="content.*"> <frame src="menu. It is possible to remove these and manipulate the spacing between frames with frameborder and framespacing.*"> <frame src="menu.html"> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" cols="30%.html"> </frameset> </html> Frame Borders: Here's a visual:Visual .A zero value shows no "window" border.Modifies the border width. but some browsers only recognize one or the other. • • • frameborder="#" .Adding a Banner or Title Frame Add a row to the top for a title and graphics with the code as follows: HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%. Note: Framespacing and border are the same attribute.rows defines the height that each frame will have.*"> <frame src="title. These attributes appear within the frameset tag.*"> <frame src="title. FrameBorder and FrameSpacing You probably noticed those ugly gray lines that appear between the frames. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="0" frameborder="0" framespacing="0" rows="20%.html"> </frameset> </html> frameset rows="#%.html"> <frameset cols="30%. used by Internet Explorer. with the same value. *". framespacing="#" -Modifies the border width. border="#". used by Netscape.html"> <frame src="content. Here's an example of the same frameset without the borders. In the above example we chose the new title (the 1st row) to be 20% of the total page height and used a "*". which means that menu and content (which are the 2nd row) will use the remaining height. so use both.

html..html to point to that frame.html"> <frameset cols="30%. HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset rows="20%.html"> <name="content" src="content.html" noresize scrolling="no"> <frameset border="4" frameborder="1" framespacing="4" cols="30%.html"> </frameset> </html> HTML Code: <html> <head> <base target="content"> </head> . HTML Code: <html><head></head> <frameset border="2" frameborder="1" framespacing="2" rows="20%.*"> <frame name="title" src="title.Frame Name and Frame Target How nice would it be to make each menu link load into the content page? We do this by naming each frame and setting the correct base target inside menu. </html> Frame Target: Here's the Visual: Visual We first named the content frame "content" on our frame page and then we set the base target inside menu.html" scrolling="yes" noresize> </frameset> </html> .html" scrolling="auto" noresize> <frame src="content.*"> <frame src="title. Our frame page is now a perfectly functional menu & content layout! Noresize and Scrolling It's possible to further customize the <frame> tag using the noresize and scrolling="" attributes.*"> <frame name="menu" src="menu.*"> <frame src="menu..

you could simply update the menu.html file and be done with it! HTML . Not many options exist with the body tag alone.Layout HTML layout is very basic. A light bulb should be going off inside of your head as you explore how this system will allow for the creation of limitless layouts. Tips • • • Frames can be simple and well organized.Noresize and Scrolling: Here's the Visual: Visual • • noresize . We also set the scrolling for our title banner to no. Using a simple menu/content frame design can reduce updates to massive sites. However. We set the scrolling for our content frame to yes to ensure our visitors will be able to scroll if the content goes off the screen.Allow scrolling or not inside a frame. Any element may be placed inside of a table including tables themselves. the black one. because it does not make sense to have a scrollbar appear in the title frame. they are usually viewed as unacceptable by most web designers. scrolling="(yes/no)".Do not let the frames be resized by the visitor. Instead of updating the menu on each page. HTML Code: <table id="shell" bgcolor="black" border="1" heigh="200" width="300"> <tr><td> <table id="inner" bgcolor="white" heigh="100" width="100"> <tr><td>Tables inside tables!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Tables inside tables: Tables inside tables! The white table (identified as inner) exists inside of the (shell) table. Tables on the other hand are the bread and butter of HTML layouts.Standard Layout . Always set the scrolling and resize options to optimize loadtime. HTML .

and your content or display box.A fairly standard layout consists of a banner near the top. The code becomes complex rather fast. HTML Code: <table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0" border="0" bgcolor="black" id="shell" height="250" width="400"> <tr height="50"><td colspan="2" bgcolor="white"> <table title="Banner" id="banner" border="0"> <tr><td>Place a banner here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr height="200"><td bgcolor="white"> <table id="navigation" title="Navigation" border="0"> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> <tr><td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content" border="0"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout: Place a banner here Content goes here Links! Links! Links! This approach is basic yet organized. navigation. HTML Code: <table id="shell" title="Shell" height="250" width="400" border="0" bgcolor="black" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="0"> <tr height="50"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="banner" id="banner"> <tr><td>Banner goes here</td></tr> </table> . The more specific you are about heights and widths. Often times websites become too complex for the viewer to follow. the less debugging you will have to perform. you will need to be sure to properly assign height and width values to your tables as well. These are the backbone to any great website.

Scripting languages such as Javascript require some There are three main reasons you may want your code to be ignored. Tips • • • • Your code can become quite complicated rather fast. break it up and organize it in your own way to make things easier for you. . • • • Writing notes or reminders to yourself inside your actual HTML documents. Be creative yet organized. Advertise on Tizag. keep an organized spacing system so it becomes easy to spot where one table ends and the other beings. Use cellspacing to add usable borders to your content. Use the align and valign (vertical align) attributes to align your navigation and content. Keep things neat. HTML .Comments --> A comment is a way for you as the web page developer to control what lines of code are to be ignored by the web browser.</td></tr> <tr height="25"><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Navigation" id="navigation"> <tr><td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td> <td>Links!</td></tr> </table> </td></tr> <tr><td bgcolor="white"> <table title="Content" id="content"> <tr><td>Content goes here</td></tr> </table> </td></tr></table> Basic Layout 2: Banner goes here Links! Links! Links! Content goes here The code is quite a lot to look at.<!-. Temporarily commenting out elements especially if the element has been left unfinished.

<!-. or elements that aren't quite finished. these notes to yourself are a great way to remember what was going on as you may not remember 5 or more years down the road. etc.jpg" height="100" width="200" /> Comment to self: As you can see comment syntax may be a little there is an opening and a closing much like tags. HTML Code: <!-.Input Field --> Now when we are ready to display that element. HTML Code: <!--Note to self: This is my banner image! Don't forget --> <img src="http://www. scripting language(s). this includes any HTML tags.Commenting Existing Code --> As a web developer often times you may have many works in progress. • • <!-.> Closing Comment Placing notes and reminders to yourself is a great way to remember your thoughts and to keep track elements embedded in your webpages.<input type="text" size="12" /> -. your code may exist for many years.Opening Comment -. we can simply remove the comment tags and our browser will readily display the element. HTML Code: . Below we have commented out an input form element since we are not quite ready to receive input from our users.tizag. In this case you may comment out an element until it is 100% ready for the site. Also.Use the last example place text inside your code and documents that the web browser will ignore. This is a great way to place little notes to yourself or to remind yourself what pieces of code are doing what. HTML . All combinations of text placed within the comment tags will be ignored by the web browser.

but the internet community abused the meta tags to artificially increase their ranking in the search engine databases. Nevertheless. Nothing is more frustrating than deleting bits of code only to turn around and recode them. Tips • • Make notes often and frequently. just be sure you understand when to use comments and where to look for them.write("Hello World!") //--> </script> With this example we are jumping far ahead. You will learn that once they are placed within the <script> tags.<!-. you should still include meta for those search bots that do recognize them. Keywords Meta Tag Keywords or phrases are placed in this meta tag's content attribute. . only then does the browser correctly execute the scripts. In the past. allow your site to be included in their search engine.Commenting Scripts --> Scripting languages such as Javascript and VBScript must be commented out as well. You should specify the most popular search terms you believe someone would use to reach your web site. HTML Code: <script> <!-document. meta tags were a primary way for your site to be recognized by web spiders. A few years back.<input type="text" size="12" /> Input Field: þÿ Comment out elements and bits of code that you may want to recall and use at a later date. HTML Meta Tags Meta tags are used to supply information for search engines that will not be seen by the web surfer unless they were to view your web site's HTML. you may want to look back and edit your code 5 years from now. They are a very useful tool for any large project. Commenting out elements is a great technique to pick up from where you left off in your code. HTML .

you could spam this meta tag with any and every keyword possible to gain ranking on search engines. you may be ignored or blocked by some search engines. Repeated words. Be careful. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="revised" content="Happy New Year: 1/1/2003" /> </head> Refresh Page and Redirect .com would be as follows. etc" /> </head> name defines what type of meta tag being used. CSS. As mentioned above if they do not match. Keywords that appeared in the keyword meta tag should appear here as well. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="description" content="Tizag contains webmaster tutorials. Here's an example of proper usage for a site. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="keyword. Note that the keywords are separated by commas. Your description should be a sentence or two about your web site. tutorials." /> </head> Description and Keywords tags are very similar. XHTML. key keywords. An example of the keywords meta tag for Tizag. tizag" /> </head> Description Meta Tag As you might have guessed. or words that do not pertain to the content of the site will not benefit you or those using a search engine. this tag will show a brief description of the web page to a search engine. Revised Meta Tag The revised meta tag records when the last update was done to the site. and they should be. HTML Code: <head> <meta name="keywords" content="HTML.

If your domain (.Later down the road. Do not rely on meta tags alone to get your web site listed on search engines. However.tizag. HTML javascript and HTML vbscript are very useful scripting languages to know. HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content=" after being at your site for five seconds. . HTML Code: <head> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="10. HTML Scripts There are two very popular scripts that are commonly used in HTML to make web pages come alive. With the refresh meta tag you will be able to redirect visitors to the web site of your choice. yet still use your new domain. make image rollovers for really cool menu effects. you may need to redirect traffic to another domain. A common reason might be that you have just purchased a better domain name and would like to retain your old visitors.espn. javascript and vbscript are very complicated compared to HTML. stocks. To redirect a viewer automatically. ever With HTML scripts you can create dynamic web" /> </head> Above shows refreshing Tizag's home page every 10 seconds. or even validate your HTML form's data before you let the user submit. url=" /> </head> Tips • • • Its important not to repeat words in the description or keywords meta tags Meta is not the only way to have your site seen by search engines. The most common use for this type of meta tag. or any other time-sensitive information. of course!). url=http://www. is redirection. and then use a redirect meta tag to make life easier for your viewers that already may have your site bookmarked. A quick refresh may be necessary for news. just change the URL to the new site as shown below. remember to place a simple "Our site has moved" message as the existing domain. if you have the time. Advertise on Tizag. It may be simpler just to download someone elses scripting code and use it on your web page (if they have given you permission to do so. This code will send your visitors to espn.

We also include a comment around the vbscript code. HTML Vbscript How To To insert vbscript code onto your website you must once again make use of the script tag. If you would like to know more about javascript. However. which is similar to the process of specifying HTML Embed . which is similar to specifying CSS. HTML Code: <script type="text/javascript"> <!--script ***Some javascript code should go here*** --> </script> For javascript you set the type attribute equal to "text/javascript". We also include a comment around the javascript code.HTML Javascript Code If you want to insert javascript code into your HTML you are going to use the script tag. This will prevent browsers that do not support javascript or have had javascript disabled from displaying the javascript code in the web browser. check out our Javascript Tutorial. HTML Music Codes Inserting music onto a web page is relatively easy. HTML Code: <script type="text/vbscript"> <!--script ***The vbscript code should go in this spot*** --> </script> For vbscript you set the type attribute equal to "text/vbscript". Advertise on Tizag. Below is the correct code to insert embedded javascript code onto your site. I am glad to announce that this is a problem of the past and you will have a much easier time then webmasters of the past. This will prevent browsers that do not support vbscript or have had vbscript disabled from displaying the vbscript code in the web browser. Below is the correct code to insert vbscript code onto your site. In the past multiple tags had to be used because browsers did not have a uniform standard for defining embedded media files.

height . but embed is now considered the standard for inserting media. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven. Below is an minimalist example of the embed tag using the src attribute to define the media file's location. Embed Attributes .mid" width="360" height="165" /> Embedded Music: Usually.set the volume of the media file.mid" autostart="false" loop="false" volume="60" /> .sets the media file to repeat or not volume . To make your embedded player display properly change the attributes associated with display. (Values are true/false) HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.Related to Functionality To customize the functionality of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes. We recommend using this attribute only if you know that your visitors will not want the option to stop the music that is playing on your web page.the width of the media player. To stop the music press stop/pause.mid" /> <p>Above is an embedded media player. • • • width . • • • autostart .</p> Depending on what kind of media software you or your visitor has installed. There are other ways to link to music. HTML Code: <embed src="beethoven.Music is inserted onto a web page with the use of the embed tag.Related to Display To customize the appearance of the embedded media player be sure to set the following attributes.choose if the media file will start automatically loop . you do not want to mess with the width and height of the media player as it can cause the media player to look rather distorted.the height of the media player hidden . the above example will appear slightly different. Embed Attributes .if this value is true then the media player will not be displayed. The range is 0-100.

Tips • • • Be careful when placing music on your web site.set the volume of the media file. If done poorly. feel free to use this URL while you practice. HTML Code: . You may also simply place the URL of your media files into the href attribute of an anchor HTML Code: <embed src="http://www.choose if the media file will start automatically loop .com/files/html/htmlexample. HTML .Customize Your Code: Controls Attribute The attribute controls sets which controls for the media player will be displayed.tizag. The embed tag does not require a closing tag.mpeg" autostart="false" /> Mpeg Movie: You may start and stop your movie files by either pressing the buttons at the bottom of the object or by single clicking (stop) on the object and double clicking your mouse (continue/play). then be sure to set the loop attribute to true. • • • autostart . users will be annoyed by the music and will leave your web site Only set the hidden attribute if you are certain your visitors will not want to stop the music. Advertise on Tizag. If you want your music to play over and over again. A src attribute must be defined by the correct URL (local or global) in order for the video file to be displayed correctly. In fact.Video Codes Videos can be embedded into your html documents (web pages) two different ways.sets the media file to repeat or not volume . The range is 0-100. Here is a look at the embed tag with a global URL. it works much like the image tag. much like the concept of "thumbnailing" images. One method is to use the <embed /> tag to display your media file.

. and MOV's (.set the standard for compression movie files created by the Moving Pictures Expert Group. • • • • • autostart .Google Video HTML Code -.controls whether or not the play/stop/pause embedded object is hidden or not.Google Video Google video has recently gained popularity as a source for sharing movies on the internet. hidden . The listings above are the most commonly used formats for the internet.mpeg" files and Macromedia's .swf"> motiontween1easy. HTML .are Apple's Quick Time Movie format.swf HTML . (playcount="2" will repeat the video twice). AVI's (. . hidden. Google allows you to download and display these movies on any of your own html pages. • • • • . HTML . As you search through videos there Google has provided a text area with an embed tag inside of it.A true value means the media will continuously loop.set a numeric value for the loudness of your media. loop .are the file types created by Macromedia's Flash program.mpeg files .swf). playcount . Values are true or false. .Setting a playcount means the media will repeat itself x number of times instead of continuously as with the loop attribute above. ". there are some unique attributes available to the <embed /> tag including: volume. Stick to any of the file types above for use with your web pages.Embed Attributes Along with the previously discussed src attribute.Video Media Types Flash movies (.tizag.swf files are the most compact and widely used among the internet.<a href=" file types are supported by the embed tag.swf files .are Microsoft's Window's Media Video file types. (0-100).swf</a> Flash Media: motiontween1easy. autostart.> .com/pics/flash/motiontween1easy.avi).wmv files . At Google Video it is possible to search for any type of movie. false means no looping. and loop. (Hide your embeded media if you just want background noise). volume . Copy this text area to your own HTML pages to embed Google videos onto your own pages. HTML Code: <! -. Values are true or files .controls the media's ability to start without prompting.

the body tag serves as the element containing all the content for the These attributes work much like those of a word processing program. Lists. Tables. secureurl%3DvgAAAG7ggqAHSiJjpW0D3w4aYTUFW9M-NghJgbJjy8mhm cEoPD-qcpQj2i1OD9xJ6RseUKhCxEKqxhx0jnEJlzf04o-E7gUJc5z_Ur OEGJAZeqGJwm5u3VIm_6cNAj34Tj_GwI13lu4V8_s49xIsqh8GGFa2yKI pP3DN-u3fZclxMdm3EKZKMqwjROPGPOcl1AMH17kgA5XA503H4WS0Gefm G5TKWrRHsY2d3pOatXR_2IxBzGEIq5p-9ybrmmn_o0zj6g%26sigh%3DP dJGakwLdDs6uXBefAsAxQMQDls%26begin%3D0%26len%3D3569%26doc id%3D8734085858581743191&thumbnailUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fvi deo. . Advertise on topmargin Sets a margin along the top of your body element.Body As we mentioned.swf?videoUrl=http%3A% 2F%2Fvp. height:326px. 3Dbc66969d46ff8d61%26second%3D0%26itag%3Dw320%26urlcreate d%3D1147452288%26sigh%3DhQlKmBGLA2yrYhrTGpU029bCEHA&p layerId=8734085858581743191" allowScriptAccess="sameDomain" quality="best" bgcolor="#ffffff" scale="noScale" wmode="window" salign="TL" FlashVars="playerMode=embedded"> </embed> <! -.End of Google Video HTML Code --> It is a messy code Margins Unique Attributes leftmargin Sets a lefthand margin for your body element. allowing you set a pixel value margin for the HTML . but once you put it into your HTML documents you get a great video clip.<embed style="width:400px. Embed Google Video: HTML . right. Paragraphs. everything must be placed within the body element to be displayed on your A unique set of margin attributes are available to the body tag." id="VideoPlayback" align="middle" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" src="http://video.

or bottom of your website. HTML Code: <body topmargin="50"> <body leftmargin="50"> Margin Examples: Top Margin Left Margin HTML .255. HTML Code: <body link="white" vlink="black" > or <body link="rgb(255. we recommend using Cascading Style Sheets instead.0)" > HTML .Base Text The text attribute sets the text color of all text contained within the body tags. Basically you set a base color scheme and then you may use other means to modify the text color as needed in your site. HTML Code: <body text="red" > or <body text="rgb(255.0. This method has deprecated. Setting these attributes means that all the content you place within your body tags will honor the preset margin.0)" > Setting a baselink is a great way to ensure your viewers will not receive that annoying error message that occurs with broken links. we may also specify base colors for visted or unvisted links. HTML .255)" vlink="rgb(0.Base Links Along the same lines.Div Element(s) .0. Think of it as a means to set the color of your text 'unless otherwise noted'.

anything else should be reserved for CSS. since a div can contain any/every other type of html element within its beginning and ending tag. (CSS Tutorial) Advertise on Tizag.The <div> tag is nothing more than a container for other">Google</a> </div> </body> HTML Div Element: SEARCH LINKS Google Above is a great visual about how a div plays the role of a container for other HTML elements. applying a background color/image is the only real way to visualize your div tags. or frames. Use only the following attributes with your div Div elements are block elements and work behind the scenes grouping other tags together. HTML . HTML Code: <body> <div style="background: green"> <h5 >SEARCH LINKS</h5> <a target="_blank" href="http://www.Div Layouts When HTML first began. The div element provides a 3rd alternative. web creators only had two choices. Much like the body tag. we have included the style attribute in order to color our div tag in order to bring a stronger visualization for our • • • • • id width height title style For the purpose of this example. A table layout. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" bgcolor="white"> <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</p> .

Let's add a "LINKS" page to our menu.</div> HTML Div Layout: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</p> </div> HTML Div Layout II: HOME | CONTACT | ABOUT | LINKS Content Articles This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material.</p> <h5 >Content Article Number Two</h5> <p>Here's another content article right here. adding more content or more links to our previous example might demonstrates why a div is simpler to work with. Tips • Use CSS Positioning with divs and code like a pro! HTML . Content Article Number Two Here's another content article right here. HTML Code: <div id="menu" align="right" > <a href="">HOME</a> | <a href="">CONTACT</a> | <a href="">ABOUT</a> | <a href="">LINKS</a> </div> <div id="content" align="left" > <h5>Content Articles</h5> <p>This paragraph would be your content paragraph with all of your readable material. and another article of content below the existing content.Bold . Advanced web developers find div elements to be far easier to work with than tables.

Use Cascading Style Sheets for font styles and sizes. HTML . HTML Code: <p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> More Bold: Don't touch that! You may also use it to separate words from their meaning in a dictionary fashion.</p> Dictionary: Cardio: Latin word meaning of the HTML Code: Italic <i>tag</i>! . It is not a good idea to bold entire paragraphs or other elements simply because you want the text to be larger or fatter. Advertise on Tizag.Italic(s) The italics tags should be used to highlight a key word or phrase.Creating bold text can be accomplished through the use of the <b> bold tag. These tags are not intended to to stylize or shape your font face. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <p><b>Cardio:</b> Latin word meaning of the heart. use them to emphasize text or words. The idea here is to use the bold tag in quick formatting HTML Code: <b>This text is entirely BOLD!</b> Bold: This text is entirely BOLD! Place the bold tag inside other elements to highlight important words and give feeling to your text. Rather.

the output is the same regardless of what tag we used to emphasize our definitions.<em>Emphasized</em> Text! Create a <blockquote>blockquote</blockquote>! Format your <address>addresses</address>! HTML Italics: Italic tag! Emphasized Text! Create a blockquote! Format your addresses! Each of the above tags is generally interpretted by the browser in a similar way. Nothing fancy here. The two commonly used tags to place italics onto a website are <em> and <i>. HTML Bold and Italics Both the <b> and the <i> tags can be placed within other elements to format your texts. They can also be used together to bold and italisize words or phrases. just be sure you open and close the tags in the same order. HTML Code: <p>Phillip M. HTML Code: <b>HTML</b> <i>Hyper Text Markup Language</i> or <b>HTML</b> <em>Hyper Text Markup Language</em> HTML Dictionary: HTML Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML Hyper Text Markup Language As you can see. They are short and sweet. Rogerson <b><i>MD</i></b></p> Display: .

It is not always necessary. the code becomes quite complex as you begin to place more and more tags on the board. . Tips • The best advice is just to keep things simply and avoid going overboard with these tags. size. As you can see. This simply changes the font face. Advertise on Tizag. we will discuss HTML Links in a later lesson.Phillip M.</p> Format Links: Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. Rogerson MD This is brilliant when placing text links directly inside your paragraphs as a reference to the user. and letter spacing to give the text the feel of being computer code.Code <code> The code tag allows you to specify some of your text as computer code. but the tag exists if you so desire. we will discuss <a href="" target="_blank" title="Tizag Links"> <b><i>HTML Links</i></b> </a> in a later lesson. HTML Code: <p>Include several external links throughout your texts as references to your viewers. Be assured that once you learn Cascading Style Sheets the code will become You may have noticed that nearly all of our examples thus far use the computer code tag when displaying each HTML Code example. HTML Code: This text has been formatted to be computer <code>code</code>! Computer Code: This text has been formatted to be computer code! Use this tag to separate any computer code you wish to display on your website. HTML .

Sure. Tabs and spacing are quite different. Often times you will lose track of the tags and debugging can be tedious. Tips • It is not a good idea to use this tag to format large pieces of text.Code Links Another use may be to separate links on your page and give them a unique" target="_blank"> <code>Google</code> </a> for anything you wish to find on the We showed you one way to get around this by using the ltbr /> tag.</p> Code Links: Feel free to search Google for anything you wish to find on the internet. HTML Code: <pre> Roses are Red.HTML . Violets are This tag provides a very quick way to accomplish this. and absolutely annoying at times. tabs. Use the <pre> tag for any special circumstances where you wish to have the text appear exactly as it is typed. But I love you! </pre> Preformatted Text: . HTML Code: <p>Feel free to search <a href="http://www. HTML .<pre> Preformatting A web browser interprets your html document as being one long line. standing for previously formatted text. I may sound crazy. Spaces. and line breaks that exist in your actual code will be preserved with the pre tag. you may have tabs and line breaks in notepad aligning your content so it is easier to read for you the web master your browser ignores those tabs and line breaks. One simple solution might be to use the <pre> tag. Advertise on Tizag.

You may id these tags for use with Cascading Style Sheets." <hr /> 1.Exponents We may use the superscripting technique to express exponential HTML Code: <p>This text is <sup>superscripted!</sup></p> Superscript: This text is superscripted! HTML . Advertise on Tizag. Secret meeting between lovers Footnotes: .<sup> Superscript Superscripted text can be placed onto your website using the <sup> tag.Roses are Red. HTML Code: <p>"It was a lover's tryst<sup>1</sup>. Violets are blue. But I love you! HTML . These footnotes can also be created with the superscript tag. HTML Code: 2<sup>3</sup> = 8 14<sup>x</sup> Exponents: 23 = 8 14x HTML . superscripting directs your attention to the bottom of the page. I may sound crazy.Footnotes You may have come across several texts where a referencing.

Subscript Use the subscript tags to place subscripted text onto your HTML Code: <p>This text is <del>scratched</del> out!</p> Strikethrough: . HTML Code: <p>H<sub>2</sub>0 .com HTML Code: <p>This text is <sub>subscripted!</sub></p> Subscripted: This text is subscripted! HTML . Secret meeting between lovers HTML .Oxygen CO2 . Advertise on Tizag.Chemical Compounds This tag allows for the creation of chemical compounds.Carbon Dioxide Chemical Compounds: H2O .Water O2 .Oxygen <p>CO<sub>2</sub> ." 1.Carbon Dioxide HTML . we use the <del> tag. Advertise on Tizag."It was a lover's tryst1.Water <p>O<sub>2</sub> .Strikethrough To place text onto your site that appears to be crossed out.

This text is out!

HTML - Check Off Tasks
Here's an example of a web developer checking off tasks as they are performed.

HTML Code:
<ol> <li>Clean my room</li> <li><del>Cook Dinner</del></li> <li><del>Wash Dishes</del></li> </ol>

To Do List:
1. Clean my room 2. Cook Dinner 3. Wash Dishes


Place the del tags inside your links or anchor tags for a unique look.

HTML - Input Tags
Input fields come in several flavors including checkboxes, text fields, radios, and form submission buttons. The <input /> tag does not require a closing tag and is thus an "all in one" tag. Advertise on

HTML - The Type Attribute
To specify one type of input tag from another we set the type attribute to one of the following values.
• • • • • •

"text" "password" "checkbox" "radio" "submit" "reset"

HTML - Text Fields and Password Fields

You have seen many of these types of input forms throughout the internet.

HTML Code:
<input type="text" /> <input type="password" />

Text Fields and Passwords:

HTML - Checkboxes
Checkboxes allow the user to select multiple choices for a single question. A type of "check all that apply" question is best answered using a checkbox.

HTML Code:
<input type="checkbox" /> <input type="checkbox" /><input type="checkbox" />


HTML - Radios
Radios are best used in "multiple choice" type quizzes and questionaires. Where the user is only permitted to select one answer to a question.

HTML Code:
<input type="radio" /> <input type="radio" /><input type="radio" />


HTML - Submit Buttons

Setting an input type to "submit" specifies a very unique button. When pressed, the button activates the action of the form whatever that may be. Most often times this is some sort of server side scripting file or a javascript function. Since we are creatting a submission button. We need to introduce a new attribute, the value attribute. Anyword(s) specified as the value will be displayed on our button. Often it is best to stick with "Submit" or "Continue". Boring, yet effective.

HTML Code:
<input type="submit" value="Submit" /> <input type="submit" value="Continue Please!" />

Submit Buttons:
Submit Continue Please!

HTML - Reset Buttons
The final type of input is the reset button. Setting the type to reset will place a button within your form to reset each field when clicked. Users enjoy having a "start over" button such as the reset button in case they begin filling out the wrong information in a major way.

HTML Code:
<input type="reset" value="Reset Fields" /> <input type="reset" value="Start Over" />

Reset Buttons:
Reset Fields Start Over

HTML - User Input
Input from the user is critical to the development of your websites and applications. Without the use of a scipting language such as PHP or Javascript, you will find HTML Input to be very limiting. Our PHP Form Example offers a step by step guide to mastering HTML/PHP forms. Feel free to copy any code you may find useful in that example. The following lessons take a deeper look at each individual type of input field including those not mentioned: textareas, selection forms, and upload forms.

HTML .com This information is usually then processed through a server side scripting language such as PHP. HTML . Advertise on Tizag.Text Field Maxlength Without specifying a maxlength attribute.Text Fields Text fields are small rectangles that allow a user to simply input some text and submit that information to the web server.Text Field Size We can control the size of the text area by specifying the size attribute. the viewer is able to type as many characters as they wish into the text field (even if you specify a size). HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" /> Text Fields: þÿ þÿ þÿ Changing the size attribute changes the size of the display of the text field on our site. The default size is around 20 characters long. generally this should match the size of your field. or ASP. always specify a maxlength. The example below provides 3 different sizes for your text fields. PERL. HTML . HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Maxlength Attribute: . To limit the number of characters a user can type into your fields.

Text Field Value Using the value attribute. HTML Code: <input type="password" size="5" maxlength="5" /> <input type="password" size="15" maxlength="15" /> <input type="password" size="25" maxlength="25" /> Password Fields: The only difference between these fields and the normal text fields is that when you type into them. this will become more useful as you will be able to pre-populate text fields for returning users through the use of session variables.Password Fields Password fields are a special type of <input /> tag. beaware that these fields are not encrypted and therefore are unsafe. replacing them with dots. All that we need to do is change the type attribute from text to password. HTML Code: <input type="text" size="5" maxlength="5" value="55555" /> <input type="text" size="15" maxlength="15" value="Corndog" /> <input type="text" size="25" maxlength="25" value="Tizag Tutorials!" /> Text Field Values: 55555 þÿ þÿ HTML .þÿ þÿ þÿ HTML . the browser hides the characters being typed. Also. Later on as you develop your skills with a scripting language such as PHP. or boxes. Encryption occurs through the use of a scripting language. we could pre-populate our text fields with some information. . stars.

Simply set the checked attribute to yes or no. We set the type attribute to check and we also must set a name and value attribute for them to be at all helpful. HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="soccer" /><br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /><br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /><br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checkboxes: Please select every sport that you play.Checkbox Forms Checkboxes are another type of <input /> form. HTML Checkboxes Selected It is possible to precheck the input boxes for your viewers using the checked attribute.HTML . HTML Code: <p>Please select every sport that you play. Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: Checkboxes are used for instances where a user may wish to select multiple options.</p> Soccer: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="soccer" /> <br /> Football: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="football" /> <br /> Baseball: <input type="checkbox" name="sports" value="baseball" /> <br /> Basketball: <input type="checkbox" checked="yes" name="sports" value="basketball" /> Checked Checkboxes: . a sort of check all that apply question.

In order to achieve this.Please select every sport that you play. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Male: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Female: <input type="radio" name="gender" /> Multiple Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: . HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Radios: Italian: Greek: Chinese: By naming these three radios "food" they are identified as being related by the browser and we achieve this either or effect (only being able to make one selection). Soccer: Football: Baseball: Basketball: HTML .Radio Forms Radios are types of input forms that allow a user to pick an either/or type of selection. we must properly name each radio button selection accordingly. These types of forms must be named. We can further expand this idea and name two different sets of radios.

Radio Checked By using the checked attribute. we can tell our form to automatically "check" a default radio.Male: Female: Here we have two sets of radio selections contained within the same form. HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Italian: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Default Greek: Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML Code: Italian: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Greek: <input type="radio" name="food" /> Chinese: <input type="radio" name="food" checked="yes" /> Default Chinese: . HTML .

com HTML Code: <textarea>Text Area!</textarea> Default Textarea: Text Area! HTML . cols and rows.Textareas Textareas retrieve "blog" type information from the user. essays. Use a numeric value for each attribute and the larger the value the larger the field will appear. Textareas have an opening and a closing tag. any words placed between them will appear inside your text area. Advertise on Tizag. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="10">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="40" rows="2">Text Area!</textarea> <textarea cols="45" rows="5">Text Area!</textarea> Bigger Text Areas: . or memos can by cut and pasted into textareas and submitted.Text area Cols and Rows Adjusting the size of the appearance of the text area requires two attributes. Paragraphs.Italian: Greek: Chinese: HTML .

the words will no longer appear as such (Line breaks will not be added). Off sets a textarea to ignore all wrapping and places the text into one ongoing line. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. Wrapping can be one of three settings: • • • soft hard off Soft forces the words to wrap once inside the text area but when the form is submitted.Textarea Wrap The wrap attribute refers to how the text reacts when it reaches the end of each row in the text field.Text Area! Text Area! Text Area! A text area could take up an entire page if required. HTML . HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. </textarea> Text Area Wrapping: . Hard wraps the words inside the text box and places line breaks at the end of each line so that when the form is submitted it appears exactly as it does in the text box.

Since it makes everything nice and easy to read.As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="off"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your textareas. Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" readonly="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas. HTML . you can still highlight or Ctrl-C and copy the texts.Textarea Readonly Settting a yes or no value for the readonly attribute determines whether or not a viewer can manipulate the text inside the text field.Disabled . However. </textarea> Read Only Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read Now you may not change the text inside the text area. </textarea> No Wrapping: As you can see many w rapping is often the everything nice and e HTML .

HTML Code: <textarea cols="20" rows="5" wrap="hard" disabled="yes"> As you can see many times word wrapping is often the desired look for your text areas.Upload Forms Use an upload form to allow users to upload pictures. </textarea> Disabled Textareas: As you can see many is often the desired lo nice and easy to read HTML . Since it makes everything nice and easy to read. or even their own webpages.As the readonly attribute disables text manipulation. simply set the type attribute to file. Advertise on Tizag. movies. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="500" /> < input type="file" /> Max File Size: .com HTML Code: <input type="file" /> Upload Form: Max File Size To limit the size of the file being uploaded and saving you precious webserver space. we can take things one step further by setting the disabled attribute. This grays out the textarea altogether and inhibits any change in the text as well as text highlighting. An upload form is another type of input form. We make use of a hidden input field and set a few specific attributes.

The value specified is the maximum allowable KB to be uploaded via this form.CA</option> <option>Colorado -. maybe filling out a personal profile and selecting the state in which you live.CA</option> <option>Colorado HTML Code: <select> <option>California -. HTML . Advertise on Tizag. A value of 100 will allow a file up to 100kb. Drop down lists have several options a user can select.Selection Forms We use the size attribute to break out from the single displayed drop down list. We can change this using the selected attribute.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ By default the first coded <option> will be displayed or selected as the default.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. .Selection Forms and Drop Down Lists Drop down lists are the basic selection forms. HTML Code: <select> <option>California -. You have probably seen them already on the internet.CN</option> </select> Drop Down List: þÿ HTML .CO</option> <option selected="yes">Conneticut -.

This allows the user to select more than one entry from your selection forms. HTML Code: <select multiple="yes" size="3"> <option>California -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.CA</option> <option>Colorado -.Selecting Multiples We can further add to our selection forms by adding the multiple attribute.Submit Buttons Submission buttons are a type of <input /> tag.CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. HTML .CO</option> <option>Connecticut -. Set the type attribute to submit. We learned about the action attribute in our HTML Forms lesson.CN</option> </select> Selection Forms: þÿ HTML . Obviously this attribute does not work with the single drop down lists. This creates a special type of button in your forms that will perfom the form's set action. HTML Code: <input type="submit" value="Submit" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Send" /><br /> <input type="submit" value="Submit Form" /><br /> Submit Buttons: .HTML Code: <select size="3"> <option>California -.CN</option> </select> Multiple Selections: þÿ Now the user may select any or all states that apply to them.

Mailto has been depreciated. however for the purpose of this example and to get a feel for form submission. you can change the email address to your email and then send yourself the results of your form.Action For a submission button to accomplish anything it must be placed inside of a form tag with an action and a method. or ASP file. This can be changed to any value you wish. HTML Reset Buttons Reset buttons exist to reset the fields of your form. Form Submission .Submit Send Submit Form Notice that in the above example we also changed what was written on our button using the value attribute. Another choice may be to set the action to mailto followed by an email HTML Code: <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> . These are handy for very large forms and the user is having difficulty or simply needs to start filling in the form from scratch. HTML Code: <form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@youremail. Advertise on" > First:<input type="text" name="First" size="12 maxlength="12" /> Last:<input type="text" name="Last" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="submit" value="Send Email" /> </form> Form Action: First: Last: þÿ þÿ Send Email Fill out the above form and as your mail program opens. PERL. and the form will be emailed to the specified address. it will work great in our example. The action is always set to a server side scripting file such as a PHP.

<input type="reset" value="Start Over" /> Reset Button: Reset Start Over HTML Reset in Action To actually make submit and reset buttons function with your other input A hidden HTML field is used to pass along variables w/ values from one form to another page without forcing the user to re-enter the information. HTML Code: . or maybe justa plain text file. HTML Forms has some great examples of how to use the form tag properly. a hidden form field may come in handy. They need to be placed within a form tag.php" method="post"> <input type="text" size="12" maxlength="12" /> <input type="text" size="24" maxlength="24" /> <input type="reset" value="Reset" /> </form> Reset Forms: þÿ þÿ Reset Fill out some information in the field boxes and press reset to experience a reset form! HTML . Advertise on Tizag. In any case use hidden forms to pass along information to your database that may have already been received from the user. there are a number of uses for them.Hidden Field Hidden fields are not displayed by the browser. HTML Code: <form action="myphp. When dealing with forms you will usually find yourself using some sort of database mechanism: MySQL. Use the type attribute to specify a hidden field. In this rare case. SQL Server.

Adding a name and a value attribute will change this. especially if you have any kind of user base where returning users must log in. Our field above is incomplete and pretty much useless as it is. HTML .<input type="hidden" /> Hidden Fields: There is no display of your hidden field in the box because the browser is told to hide them from view.Name and Value the Fields Naming your fields can be accomplished in two different ways discussed previously. The admin field could be used to check some sort of user level entry of a returning user. 1 being administrator and 0 being non-administrator access. . Use the id or name attribute to specify a name for your hidden field. HTML Code: <input type="hidden" id="age" name="age" value="23" /> <input type="hidden" id="DOB" name="DOB" value="01/01/70" /> <input type="hidden" id="admin" name="admin" value="1" /> Above we have demonstrated 3 possible hidden fields that you may want to pass along some form at some point. Use hidden fields when you have variables you want to pass from one form to another without forcing the user to re-type information over and over again.

changes the direction of all the text flow from right to left or vice versa. Many other tags function inside this element as well. The output of this tag is browser dependent. Create an italic address! Simialr to the <I> tag. Tag Attributes accesskey href name <a> tabindex target type Description Deprecated? Create an Anchor for hyperlink navigation." It's safe to No! place images. as well as left and right indents for any of the text placed within this tag. This allows for the easy translation of languages such as Hebrew or Chinese. Page break Yes! and formating tags are still required for proper format.5 We are constantly updating this page. providing many options to No! No! .Version 0. If you would like to see additional HTML reference items. and text between the opening and closing tags. common outputs are italics. but best used for long addresses. please Contact Us with your request. Create a "base" url for all links on the page. Commonly called just plain "links. line breaks. This tag must be placed between the head element of your code. No! <address> nill <b> nill href <base> target color face <basefont> id name size class id <bdo> lang style title <blockquote> nill No! Sets a font face. and size for the entire page! (Sizes 1-7) Yes! Bidirectional Override.HTML Reference . Quickly format text to be bold! This can be done using Cascading Style Sheets. manipulating the font-weight to your preference. Click the link on the left side of the chart to see more information and an example of that property. color.

browsers continue to recognize them. resuming text flow on the next line. No! Strike through text. Cite and date the time of deletion if you desire. CSS has made most of the attributes for this tag No! obsolete. No! The definition part of a definition list. The resulting text will resemble computer generated code much like a courier font. Yes! . No! Creates "cited" or italic text without paragraph breaks before and after your text. however. Allows for No! inline citation of text. alink class background bgcolor id <body> lang link style text title vlink class id <br> style title class dir id <cite> lang style title class dir id <code> lang style title class dir id <dd> lang style title class dir id <del> lang style title Place your content within your "body" tags. Insert a line break. Quick formate to change the text output to "code" text.customize the text therein.

align class dir lang height <div> id nowrap style title valign width class dir id <dl> lang style title class dir id <dt> lang style title class color dir face <font> id lang size style title action class dir id lang <form> method name style target title Divide your content. No! . or headings allowing alterations of groups of different tags at once. or sizse. No! changing the language attribute of a <div> tag will alter the language of all tags within the div. Yes! Change colors. beginning with a bold word followed with a definition in italics. paragraphs. For example. fonts. Create forms to retrieve user input and data. adding specific styles to specific divisions. No! Customize fonts within your HTML document. No! The definition term of a Definition List. Create Definition Lists. the word you will be defining. Group together tables.

Run scripts. No! Places a heading onto your document. the base tag for links is No! placed within this element as well. Heading tags automatically place a page break before No! and after the closing and opening tags. place your title. Also.bordercolor class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <frame> name noresize scrolling src style title width border bordercolor cols class <frameset> frameborder framespacing rows style title align class id <h1-7> lang style title valign <head> nill class dir id <hr> lang style title dir <html> lang Set specifics of a frame within a frameset. Must be placed within frameset tags. its possible to alter this tag in many ways. No! Define a frameset and few base properties for the frameset. No! . or link to exterior style sheets here. Creates a horizontal rule on the page. No! Specifies the start of an HTML document to a Web Browser. Most attributes are being replaced by Style Sheets. Using style sheets.

to text fields.<i> nill align class frameborder height id marginheight marginwidth <iframe> name scrolling src style title valign width align alt border class dir height hspace <img> lang name src style title valign vspace width <input> accesskey class checked dir disabled id lang maxlength name readonly size style tabindex title Use this tag to highlight key words or phrases using italics. From buttons. Use any of the listed attributes and style sheets to perfect the No! output of your image on your site. Works well to quickly format text. No! iFrames are windowed frames allowing for viewing of multiple HTML documents through No! a single window browser. Specify using the type attribute. Supported by numerous browsers. No! . Supported by many browsers. Input tags are used with forms to retrieve user data. Place images onto your website. or checkboxes.

Use a seperate link tag for each link No! Place a description and keywords of your site within the head element of your HTML document. within you HTML No! documents. An Ordered List is a numbered list with predefined indents and spacing. Must be placed within <ul> or <ol> tags.type value class dir id lang <li> style title type value class dir lang href <link> rel style title type content dir <meta> lang name class dir id <noframes> lang style title class dir id <noscript> lang style title <ol> class dir id lang start style Used to create list items of HTML lists. . No! Link exterior documents to your websight. Keep code neat and clean linking other elements to your site. No! Add a line of text for browsers unable to support scripts. No! Place text within this tag for browsers that do not support the use of frames. No! Create Ordered Lists. this is a way for search engines to pick up your site for others to hit.

Allows for inline text quotation. Must be placed within a "Select" tag. No! Add a subscript to any paragraphs or text No! . Place within a form element to retrieve user input. No! Begins a paragraph placing a line break before No! the beginning tag and after the ending tag. No! Create a selection list to retrieve user input.type title class dir disabled id <option> selected style title value align class id <p> lang style title class dir <pre> id lang style class dir id <q> lang style title class dir disabled id multiple <select> lang name size style tabindex title <sub> class dir Add options to be selected by the viewer with your Select Forms. Display given text exactly the way it appears in the lines of code. For example any line breaks Yes! or spaces will be carried to the browser.

border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style No! . WIthin these tags is background where your actual content of the table will be bgcolor placed. No! <td> align Create a table data cell. No! Create a table for layout or data presentation. Tables are the backbone of HTML documents as they provide a coherent method to organize your code and your websight lang style title class dir id <sup> lang style title align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight cellpadding cellspacing class <table> frame height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width Add superscripted text to your site.

Creates a table row for your tables. Automatically bolds your headers and places them in the center of their corresponding cells. capable of retrieving user input via forms. Compatible in nearly every browser. Very versatile. Each tag defines the start and end of a table row.title valign vspace width accesskey class cols dir disabled id lang <textarea> name readonly rows style tabindex title wrap align background bgcolor border bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class colspan <th> height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width dir <title> lang <tr> align background bgcolor border Creats a field to display codelike text. No! Create a title for your site to be displayed in the browser's top heading. Placed within the No! "Head" element. No! . No! Create table headers over each of your columns.

Compatible with many browsers.bordercolor bordercolordark bordercolorlight class height hspace id lang nowrap style title valign vspace width class dir id <u> lang style title class dir id <ul> lang style type Underline your text. Great fast way to plave emphasis on your text. No! Create unordered lists (bulleted lists). No! .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful