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As a Microsoft Windows XP Professional support professional, one of your tasks may be to install the operating system.
Step #1: Plan your installation
When you run the Windows XP Professional Setup program, you must provide information about how to install and configure the operating system. Thorough planning can make your installation of Windows XP Professional more efficient by helping you to avoid potential problems during installation. An understanding of the configuration options will also help to ensure that you have properly configured your system. I won't go into that part right now but here are some of the most important things you should take into consideration when planning for your XP installation:
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Check System Requirements Check Hardware and Software Compatibility Determine Disk Partitioning Options Choose the Appropriate File System: FAT, FAT32, NTFS Decide on a Workgroup or Domain Installation Complete a Pre-Installation Checklist
After you made sure you can go on, start the installation process.
Step #2: Beginning the installation process
You can install Windows XP in several methods - all are valid and good, it all depends upon your needs and your limitations.
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Manual installations usually come in 3 flavors: Boot from CD - No existing partition is required. Boot from the 6 Setup Boot Disks, then insert the CD - No existing partition is required (see the Create Setup Boot Disks for Windows XP page). • Boot from an MS-DOS startup floppy, go to the command prompt, create a 4GB FAT32 partition with FDISK, reboot, format the C partition you've created, then go to the CD drive, go into the I386 folder, and run the WINNT.EXE command. • Run an already installed OS, such as Windows NT 4.0 Server. From within NT 4.0 go to the I386 folder in the W2K installation CD and run the WINNT32.EXE command. • If you want to upgrade a desktop OS such as Windows 98 into Windows 2000 Professional you can follow the same procedure as above (You cannot upgrade Windows 98 into W2K Server). There are other non-manual installation methods, such as using an unattended file along with a uniqueness database file, using Sysprep, using RIS or even running unattended installations from within the CD itself, but we won't go into that right now. It doesn't matter how you run the setup process, but the moment it runs - all setup methods look alike.
Step #3: The text-based portion of the Setup program
The setup process begins loading a blue-looking text screen (not GUI). In that phase you will be asked to accept the EULA and choose a partition on which to install XP, and if that partition is new, you'll be asked to format it by using either FAT, FAT32 or NTFS. 1. Start the computer from the CD.
2. You can press F6 if you need to install additional SCSI adapters or other mass-storage devices. If you do you will be asked to supply a floppy disk with the drivers and you CANNOT browse it (or a CD for that matter). Make sure you have one handy.
3. If you want, you can press F2 to run the ASR sequence. For that you need a good backup created by the Windows XP backup program, and the ASR floppy disk. If you plan to install a new copy of XP - don't do anything.
Setup will load all the needed files and drivers.
Select To Setup Windows XP Professional Now. just press ENTER. you can try to fix it by pressing R. Read and accept the licensing agreement and press F8 if you accept it. 7. Select or create the partition on which you will install Windows XP Professional. and if you have a previous installation of XP. 6. If you want. Depending upon your existing disk configuration choose one of the following: 3 .5. If not.
After installation. you can create an additional partition in the unpartitioned space. will not be overwritten. local I386 or network share). such as program files and data files. After you create the partition on which you will install Windows XP Professional. Windows XP Professional supports the NTFS file system in addition to the file allocation table (FAT) and FAT32 file systems. you can use Setup to select the file system with which to format the partition. • If the hard disk is already partitioned. create and size only the partition on which you will install Windows XP Professional. If you plan to gain access to files that are on a local Windows XP Professional partition with the Microsoft Windows 95 or Windows 98 operating systems. you can install Windows XP Professional on that partition. 4 . you can delete it to create more unpartitioned space for the new partition. files other than the operating system files. • If the hard disk has an existing partition. Windows Server 2003. If the partition has an existing operating system. However. We will use NTFS. • If the hard disk already has a partition that is large enough. and Windows NT are the only Microsoft operating systems that you can use to gain access to data on a local hard disk that is formatted with NTFS. Setup will then begin copying necessary files from the installation point (CD. Select a file system for the installation partition.• If the hard disk is unpartitioned. Windows XP Professional. If you select a new partition during Setup. 9. 8. you should format the partition with a FAT or FAT32 file system. you can create and size the partition on which you will install Windows XP Professional. Windows 2000. Deleting an existing partition erases all data on that partition. but has enough unpartitioned disk space. you will overwrite that operating system if you accept the default installation path. use Disk Management to partition the remaining space on the hard disk.
11. Note: If you began the installation process from an MS-DOS floppy. The computer will restart in graphical mode. 5 . no more than 5 max. and the installation will continue. Step #4: The GUI-based portion of the Setup program The setup process reboots and loads a GUI mode phase. make sure you have and run SMARTDRV from the floppy.10. perhaps even more. With SMARTDRV (or if setup was run by booting from CD) the copying will probably last a few minutes. otherwise the copying process will probably last more than an hour.
for example.Affects how programs display dates. currency. 1. You don't need to do anything at this stage. Click Customize to change regional settings. and numbers. • Current System Locale . French (Canada).Accommodates the special characters and symbols used in different languages. if necessary. times. If you don't need to make any changes just press Next. 6 . • Current Keyboard Layout . Choose the locale that matches your location. Your keyboard layout determines which characters appear when you press keys on the keyboard.It will then begin to load device drivers based upon what it finds on your computer.
If you do need to make changes press Customize and add your System Locale etc. 7 . it is SAFE and it is OK for you to install Hebrew language support at this phase. Note for Hebrew users: Unlike W2K. To install Hebrew support: After pressing Customize go to the Languages tab and select the "Install files for complex script and right-to-left languages".
Press Ok. Warning: You must now press Apply!!! 8 .A warning message will appear.
Setup will copy the necessary files from the installation point. You can now go to the Regional Options tab and select Israel in the Location drop-down list. Click Ok. 9 . and Hebrew in the Standards and Formats drop-down list.
3. Type the product key.2. Type your name and organization. 10 .
The local Administrator account resides in the SAM of the computer. If you will be installing in a domain. or the right to create a computer account within the domain. Select the date. 11 . and time zone settings. 5. time. you need either a pre-assigned computer name for which a domain account has been created. Type the computer name and a password for the local Administrator account.4. not in Active Directory.
6. After a few seconds you will receive the Networking Settings window. or if you don't have a NIC at all. if you have a NIC that is not in the HCL (see the What's the HCL? page) and XP cannot detect it. Press Next to accept the Typical settings option if you have one of the following situations: • • • You have a functional DHCP on your network. BTW. Setup will now install the networking components. You have a computer running Internet Connection Sharing (ICS). 12 . setup will skip this step and you will immediately go to the final phase of the setup process. and all other workgroup members are configured in the same manner. You're in a workgroup environment and do not plan to have any other servers or Active Directory at all.
7.Otherwise select Custom Settings and press Next to customize your network settings. If you want to keep it you can simply remove the mark from the QoS check-box. it's your call . One thing you CAN do (you don't have to do it. 13 .read more about it on the Increase Internet Connection Speed in Windows XP page) is to uninstall the Qos Packet Scheduler. Click it and press the Uninstall button. In anyway you can later install or uninstall it if you want.
Highlight the TCP/IP selection and press Properties.you can simply place your mouse pointer over the empty area in the Subnet Mask box and click it. You must specify the IP address of the computer. Client for Microsoft Networks and the File and Print Sharing options selected. 14 . and if you don't know what the Subnet Mask entry should be . In the General tab enter the required information.Keep the TCP/IP. 8. The OS will automatically select the value it thinks is good for the IP address you provided.
Centralized security and administration are important for computers in a domain because they enable an administrator to easily manage computers that are geographically distant from each other. • A domain is a logical grouping of computers on a network that has a central security database for storing security information. and each computer within a domain has a unique name. In the Workgroup or Domain window enter the name of your workgroup or domain. press cancel and select the Typical Settings option. Each domain has a unique name. A domain is administered as a unit with common rules and procedures. or if you don't have the sufficient rights to join a domain . 15 . or if you don't know what to write in them.0 domain of W2K/2003 Active Directory domain) enter the domain's name in the "Yes. • A workgroup is a small group of computers on a network that enables users to work together and does not support centralized administration. make this computer a member of the following domain" box. 9. If you want to join a domain (NT 4.leave the default entry selected and press Next. or if you don't know what to enter.If you don't know what these values mean. You can easily change these values later. If you're a stand-alone computer.
or • The person performing the installation must have appropriate permission to create a domain account for the computer during installation. This account does not need to be the domain Administrator account. A username/password window will appear. for example: DPETRI). you need to have connectivity to the domain's domain controllers (only to the PDC if on an NT 4. 16 . Note: If you provide a wrong domain name or do not have the correct connectivity to the domain's DNS server you will get an error message.To successfully join a domain you need the following: • The person performing the installation must have a user account in Active Directory.NET) or the NetBIOS name of the NT 4. Enter the Active Directory domain name (in the form of xxx.yyy. and the computer must be named exactly as its domain account is named. for example: DPETRI.0 domain) and a fully functional DNS server (only in AD domains). Enter the name and password of the domain's administrator (or your own if you're the administrator on the target domain). and • The computer must have an existing computer account in the Active Directory database of the domain that the computer is joining. Also.0 domain (in the form of xxx. Press Next. Read the Joining a Domain in Windows XP Pro and Requirements when Joining a Domain pages for more on this issue.
10. 11. 17 . Next the setup process will finish copying files and configuring the setup. You do not need to do anything. if XP finds that you have a badly configured screen resolution it will advise you to change it and ask you if you see the new settings right.Note: Providing a wrong username or password will cause this phase to fail. After the copying and configuring phase is finished.
18 . 13. Setup finishes and boots Windows XP. 12.BTW. The computer checks your Internet connectivity (required for the mandatory Activation and voluntary Registration processes). A Welcome screen is the first thing you see. the minimum supported screen resolution in XP is 800X600.
19 . BTW. XP will ask you for the default username that will log onto this computer.You will be asked to register your copy of XP. You can enter as many as 5 users. but you can create more after the installation is finished. 14. You can decline if you want. the Administrator is not shown as a valid logon option (read more about it on the Add the Administrator's Account to the Welcome Screen in XP Pro page).
15. That's it! you're done! 20 .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?