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THE UNITED NATIONS – OUR ONLY HOPE
POPA RALUCA CLAUDIA AN III, GRUPA V
Russian and Spanish.The United Nations – Bringing Hope The United Nations Organization is an international organisation whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law. the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development). the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security). who attained the post in 2007. social progress. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. There are currently 192 member states. From its offices around the world. Chinese. As for the peacekeeping and security. the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most visible public figure is the Secretary-General. and to provide a platform for dialogue. English. such as the World Health Organization (WHO). including nearly every sovereign state in the world. The organization is divided into administrative bodies. sends peacekeepers to regions where armed conflict has recently ceased or paused to enforce the terms of peace . and has six official languages: Arabic. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations. primarily: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly). human rights. the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ). to stop wars between countries. and facilities needed by the UN). French. currently Ban Ki-moon of South Korea. The organization is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. economic development. Additional bodies deal with the governance of all other UN System agencies. the UN. the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. after approval by the Security Council. the Secretariat (for providing studies. and the achieving of world peace. international security. information.
outer space arms control. and considerations have been made of the merits of a ban on testing nuclear weapons. Following the end of the Cold War. a major international conference on the effects of global catastrophes and disasters. in October 2008. The principal forums for disarmament issues are the General Assembly First Committee. the banning of chemical weapons and land mines. nuclear and conventional disarmament. the advent of nuclear weapons came only weeks after the signing of the charter and immediately halted concepts of arms limitation and disarmament. The founders of the UN had envisaged that the organization would act to prevent conflicts between nations and make future wars impossible. as there are several dozen ongoing conflicts that continue to rage around the globe. The forces. The UN was one of the official supporters of the World Security Forum.agreements and to discourage combatants from resuming hostilities. and the Conference on Disarmament. However. who enforce UN accords are awarded United Nations Medals. which are considered international decorations instead of military decorations. resulting in the first resolution of the first ever General Assembly meeting calling for specific proposals for "the elimination from national armaments of atomic weapons and of all other major weapons adaptable to mass destruction". the UN Disarmament Commission. peacekeeping forces are voluntarily provided by member states of the UN. In addition to peacekeeping. The peacekeeping force as a whole received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988. Since the UN does not maintain its own military. the UN is also active in encouraging disarmament. there were renewed calls for the UN to become the agency for achieving world peace. . also called the "Blue Helmets". and measures to strengthen international security. nuclearweapon-free zones. that took place in the United Arab Emirates. the reduction of military budgets. however the outbreak of the Cold War made peacekeeping agreements extremely difficult because of the division of the world into hostile camps. Regulation of armaments was included in the writing of the UN Charter in 1945 and was envisioned as a way of limiting the use of human and economic resources for the creation of them.
advise domestic policing services. drafting constitutions. training human rights officials. United Nations Police are a crucial part of UN peace operations around the world. and their commitment to peace and . or International Court of Justice rulings. improving judicial structures. The benefits of this work are clear: UN Police help to create a safer environment where communities will be better protected and criminal activities will be prevented. An early objective was creating a legal framework for considering and acting on complaints about human rights violations. and transforming armed movements into political parties have contributed significantly to democratization worldwide. are currently working in 18 different field missions. The diverse national experiences of these United Nations Police officers. help ensure compliance with international human rights standards and assist in a wide range of activities to restore and promote security.The pursuit of human rights was a central reason for creating the UN. The UN is also a forum to support the right of women to participate fully in the political. Security Council resolutions. A case in point is support by the UN for countries in transition to democracy. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. and observance of. provide training. from more than 90 countries. Every day these women and men patrol. including recently in Afghanistan and East Timor. economic. The UN has helped run elections in countries with little or no democratic history. was adopted by the General Assembly in 1948 as a common standard of achievement for all. More than 11. The UN Charter obliges all member nations to promote "universal respect for. public safety and the rule of law. The UN contributes to raising consciousness of the concept of human rights through its covenants and its attention to specific abuses through its General Assembly. The UN and its agencies are central in upholding and implementing the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Technical assistance in providing free and fair elections. though not legally binding. human rights" and to take "joint and separate action" to that end. World War II atrocities and genocide led to a ready consensus that the new organization must work to prevent any similar tragedies in the future. and social life of their countries.000 UN Police.
Burundi. by the police components of peace operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Environmental Education and Training (EET) activities of the United Nations Environment Programme are founded on its mission of inspiring. Democratic Republic of Congo. The United Nations Environment Programme promotes attitudes and value systems that influence environmentally ethical behaviour by developing understanding. often through trust funds. Such assistance has been provided in the past. and value-based education for sustainable development by ensuring tha tenvironmental considerations are taken into account. information management. United Nations Police Officers support the reform. Environmental Education is fundamental to the achievement of the goal of sustainable development. regional groups (African Union and European Union) and Member States to design effective and sustainable strategies that will help to better protect transitional societies from this scourge. communication equipment and other law enforcement material. action oriented. Informing and Enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. Informing and Enabling nations and peoples to achieve sustainable development. restructuring and rebuilding of domestic police and other law enforcement agencies through training and advising. networks and resources. for example. Direct assistance is also provided. The programmes include the UNEP Environmental Leadership Programmes such as programmes on environmental management. Liberia and Sierra Leone. Côte d'Ivoire. This is done to promote innovative. Kosovo. The UN Police Division is working closely with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). awareness raising and training are essential to UNEP fulfilling its mandate of Inspiring. are their best tools to promote sustainable peace through justice and security. EET at UNEP is visible through many programmes. skills and values that will enable people participate as active and informed citizens in the development of an ecologically sustainable and socially just society. Education. the International Criminal Police Organisation-Interpol. Haiti. .security. for the refurbishment of facilities and the procurement of vehicles.
. setting norms and standards. The United Nations World Food Programme is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide. As for the networks. WFP pursues a vision of the world in which every man. The United Nations Volunteers (UNV) programme is the UN organization that contributes to peace and development through volunteerism worldwide. throughout the world. articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options. The United Nations World Health Organisation (WHO) is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters. UNV contributes to peace and development by advocating for recognition of volunteers. working with partners to integrate volunteerism into development programming. and recognizes volunteerism in its diversity as well as the values that sustain it: free will. WHO fulfils its objectives through its core functions: providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed. catalysing change. and mobilizing an increasing number and diversity of volunteers. engagement and solidarity. woman and child has access at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life. translation and dissemination of valuable knowledge. shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation. setting norms and standards and promoting and monitoring their implementation. Innovative leadership programmes targeting future leaders are being developed with a focus on integrating human. articulating evidence-based policy options.environmental law. environmental and sustainable development dimensions. including experienced UNV volunteers. commitment. shaping the health research agenda. providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. and building sustainable institutional capacity and monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends. UNV embraces volunteerism as universal and inclusive. women and natural resources and through UNEP's commitment to supporting environmental action learning activities that link schools with their communities. providing technical support. UNEP has established and strengthened environmental networks for environmental training at the regional and subregional levels all around the world. Born in 1962.
As for poverty reduction. of course. the United Nations Development Programme invests approximately $1 billion each year in fighting poverty and advancing progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. The United Nations Development Programme works to make real improvements in people’s lives and in the choices and opportunities open to them. UN Under-Secretary for Communications and Public Information. failed on many occasions to resolve issues and to avoid conflict over the 57 years of its existence. many are determined to succeed and are using varied approaches to ensure their “survival. the World Youth Report 2007 reviews the progress and challenges in youth transitions to adulthood and suggests clearly that although youth face a number of challenges as they try to make the transition into adulthood. have often combined to create unfavourable contexts for youth development and participation. but it has survived. Regarding the teenagers and young people education. The UN Programme on Youth has on-going work on a variety of issues. . the UN Programme on Youth is the focal point on youth within the United Nations. An enabling environment for youth development and participation is urgently needed if youth are to attain their full potential and contribute to national development. It has done so because the world does need a multilateral forum and a framework of international rules to create order and assist security. The most recent report. It has been written off many times for not being able to achieve what was beyond its power. as well as social and cultural constraints. has aptly put it. and other changes in the world economy. The Programme also works towards greater participation of young people in decisionmaking as a means of achieving peace and development. As Shashi Tharoor. The United Nations has. One important task is a report on the global situation of youth. It aims to build an awareness of the global situation of young people. lack of adequate investments in youth. 'the United Nations at its best is a mirror of the world. as well as promote their rights and aspirations.' The United Nations has been buried many times by critics. challenges related to globalization.” However. It reflects our divisions and disagreements as well as our hopes and convictions.
hope for a better life. . to try to make a difference for humankind. it helps many people every day and it makes us understand the world we are living in. it makes us willing to fight and to try to change the world.However. the United Nations was and is active in so many domains. This hope makes people put more devotion in their work for their and the future generations welfare. Nowadays. a safer environment and international peace. Even more. we can truly say that the United Nations spreads hope in the world.
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