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Agriculture in india

Agriculture in india

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Published by: goldygarg007 on Sep 02, 2010
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12/16/2012

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INDIAN AGRICULTURE
Presented by: Goldy Garg

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Outline 
India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and logging accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007, employed 52% of the total workforce .

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INTIATIVES 
The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), established in 1905, was responsible for the research leading to the "Indian Green Revolution" of the 1970s.  The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is the apex body in agriculture and related allied fields, including research and education.  The Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute develops new techniques for the design of agricultural experiments, analyses data in agriculture, and specializes in statistical techniques for animal and plant breeding

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PROBLEMS
According to World Bank's : 
  India's large agricultural subsidies are hampering productivity-enhancing investment The irrigation infrastructure is deteriorating Illiteracy, general socio-economic backwardness, slow progress in implementing land reforms and inadequate or inefficient finance and marketing services for farm produce.

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Contd« 
Adoption of modern agricultural practices and use of technology is inadequate 

The average size of land holdings is very small and is subject to fragmentation, due to land ceiling acts and in some cases, family disputes.

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Measures Adopted By Government
A. Institutional Measures:     Abolition of Zamindari System Regulation of Rent Ceiling of Holdings Co-operative Farming

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Contd..
B. Technological Measures:     High Yielding Variety Seeds Chemical Fertilizers Insecticides & Pesticides Mechanized Instruments for Scientific Cultivation

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Contd..
C. General Measures:     Institutional Credit Marketing System Price Support Policy Irrigation Facility

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Sources of Finance
A. Non ±Institutional Sources Moneylenders :  Non Professional Mahajans: These include big
landlords and rich farmers who indulge in money lending as a side business. 

Professional Mahajans: These include only such money
lenders who indulge in money lending as their full time profession

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Contd«
B. Institutional Sources 1. Co-operative Societies  Agriculture Co-operative Credit Society: Offer Short ±term Loans to the farmers  Agriculture & Rural Development Banks: Offer Long-term credit to the farmers
ranging between 15-20 years

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Contd«
2. Commercial Banks 3. Regional Rural Banks 4. State Bank & Agriculture Credit 5. National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) 6. Local Banks

NABARD
It plays a dual role: 
It is an apex institution in the area of rural credit inheriting all the functions related to rural credit from the RBI.  It is performing all the functions of ARDC (Agriculture Refinance Development Corporation) related to refinancing the rural credit.

Conclusion
‡ We hope that the policies and programmes that have been undertaken are going to produce the desired results. India should also ensure right to food, apart from striving for agricultural development.

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