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Determining and Formulating Goals

Determining and Formulating Goals


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Published by: MokaHanaMatsu on Sep 03, 2010
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Determining and Formulating Goals/Objectives

Guiding Principles in Determining and Formulating Learning Objectives

1. Begins with the end in mind. In the context of teaching, this means that we must begin our lesson with a clearly defined lesson objective. With a clear and specific lesson objective we will have a sense of direction. With a definite lesson objective in mind, we do not lose sight of what we intend to teach. With a specific objective, our lesson becomes more focused. We do not waste nor kill time for we are sure of what to teach, how to teach, what materials to use.

2. Share lesson objective with students. Make your students own the lesson objective. Like for example a seminar, it begins with the statement of purpose, our lesson ought to begin with a statement and clarification of the lesson objective.

3. Lesson objectives must be in the two or three domains ± knowledge (cognitive), skill (psychomotor) and values (affective). Dominantly cognitive if it is primarily for knowledge acquisition dominantly psychomotor if it is intend for the acquisition and honing of skills. Lesson objective in the affective domain are mainly focused on the attitude and value formation. A cognitive or a skill lesson must always include the affective dimension for wholistic learning.

4. Work on significant and relevant lesson objectives. Our lesson objectives must be connected to our student¶s life experiences. With our lesson objective becoming our students¶ lesson objective, too, our students will be moiré propelled as we teach. The level of their self-motivation all the more increases when our lesson objective is relevant to their daily life, hence, significant.

5. Lesson objective must be aligned with the aims of education as embodied in the Philippine Constitution and other laws and in the vision-mission statements of the educational institution of which are a part. Our lesson objective must flow from the aims of education enshrined in the Philippine Constitution and the vision-mission statements of school.

6. Aim at the development of the critical and creative thinking. Most questions asked whether oral or written are convergent, low-level questions. But, if we want to contribute to the development of citizens who are critical and creative thinking, the type of citizens needed to make democracy, then we should include in our scope of questions high-level, convergent, or open-ended questions.

7. For accountability of learning, lesson objectives must be SMART, i.e. Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Result oriented and Relevant Time-bound and Terminal. When our lesson objective is SMART it is quite easy to find out at the end of our lesson if we attained our objective or not. It will also be easier on our part to formulate a test that is valid to measure the attainment of our lesson objective. In short, SMART objectives increase our accountability for the learning of our students. With SMART objectives we depart from the unsound practice of teaching that is so spread out that in the end we find ourselves unclear on what test we are going to give With SMART lesson objectives, there is greater match between instruction and assessment. There is curriculum alignment.

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