RFID

OBJECTIVE OF THE SESSION 
    

What is RFID? What constitute an RFID system? How does RFID works? RFID tag attributes. Characteristics of RFID. Applications of RFID.

WHAT IS RFID? 
 

 

Radio Frequency Identification. Id Provides non-contact, non-line-of-sight operation. Very difficult to counterfeit. Capable of working in harsh environments. Highly capable and proven technology for a wide range of applications.

WHAT CONSTITUTES AN RFID SYSTEM? 
  

One or more RF tags. Two or more antennas. One or more readers. One or more host computers.

HOW DOES RFID WORK?

Reader

Antenna

Transponder
Transponder receives signal

Reader broadcasts signal through antenna

Transponder is charged with enough energy to send back an identifying response

Computer System

Reader sends info/data to computer system for logging and processing

RFID TAG ATTRIBUTES
Active RFID Tag Power Source Internal to tag Passive RFID Energy transferred using RF from reader No Very High Up to 3-5m, usually 3less Few hundred within 3m of reader

Tag Battery Required signal strength Range MultiMulti-tag reading

Yes Very Low Up to 100m 1000¶s of tags recognized ± up to 100m Up to 128 Kb

Data Storage

Up to 128 bytes

CHARACTERISTICS OF RFID
Frequency ranges Typical max read range Tag power source LF 125 KHZ Short test 1´-12´ Generally passive tags, using inductive coupling Slower Better HF 13.56MHZ Short 2´-24´ Generally passive tags, using inductive or capacity coupling Moderator Moderator UHF Microwave 868-915MHZ 2.45 GHZ & 5.8 GHZ Medium 1´-10´ Active tags with integral battery or passive tags, EM-field coupling Fast Poor Longest 1´-15´ Active tags with integral battery or passive tags, EM-field coupling Faster Worse

Data rate Ability to read near metal or wet surfaces

APPLICATIONS Electronic toll collection (ETC). Item management for retail, health care, and logistics applications. Animal identification. Automobile immobilizing (security).    

THANK YOU

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