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Husmann - The Cultivation of the Native Grapes and Manufacture of American Wines

Husmann - The Cultivation of the Native Grapes and Manufacture of American Wines

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10/30/2011

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Raised by Mr. STEEL, of Hartford, Conn.: hardy, vigorous and productive; bunch large,
shouldered, rather compact; berry full medium, globular, with a perceptible foxy flavor; skin
thick, black, covered with blue bloom; flesh sweet, juicy; much better here than at the East;
of very fair quality for its time of ripening; hangs well to the bunch here, although said to
drop at the East. For market, this is perhaps as profitable as any variety known, as it ripens
very early and uniformly, producing immense crops. I have made wine from it, which,
although not of very high character, yet ranks as fair.

The Cultivation of the Native Grape, and Manufacture of American Wines, by George Husmann

Page 45 of 89

CLINTON.

Origin uncertain; from Western New York; vigorous, hardy and productive; free from
disease; bunch medium, long and narrow, generally shouldered, compact; berry medium,
roundish oblong, black, covered with bloom; juicy; somewhat acid; colors early, but should
hang late to become thoroughly ripe; brisk vinous flavor, but somewhat of the aroma of the
frost grape; makes a dark red wine, of good body, and much resembling claret, but not equal
to Norton's Virginia, or even the Concord, in my estimation. Although safe and reliable, I
think it has lately been over praised as a wine grape, and as it is a very long, straggling
grower, it is one of the hardest vines to keep under control. Propagates with the greatest ease.

DELAWARE.

First disseminated and made known to the public by Mr. A. THOMPSON, of Delaware,
Ohio. This is claimed by many to be the best American grape; and although I am inclined to
doubt this, and prefer, for my taste, a well ripened Herbemont, it is certainly a very fine fruit.
Unfortunately, it is very particular in its choice of soil and location, and it seems as if there
are very few locations at the West where it will succeed. Whoever has a location, however,
where it will grow vigorously and hold its leaves, will do well to plant it almost exclusively,
as it makes a wine of very high character, and is very productive. A light, warm soil seems to
be the first requisite, and the bluffs on the north side of the Missouri river seem to be
peculiarly adapted to it, while it will not flourish on those on the south side. Bunch small,
compact, and generally shouldered; berry below medium, round; skin thin, of a beautiful
flesh-color, covered with a lilac bloom; very translucent; pulp sweet and tender, vinous and
delicious; wood very firm; short-jointed; somewhat difficult to propagate, though not so
much so as Norton's Virginia. Subject in many locations, to leaf-blight, and is there a very
slow grower. Fine for the table, and makes an excellent white wine, equal to, if not superior,
to the best Rhenish wines, which sells readily at from five to six dollars per gallon. Although
I cannot recommend it for general cultivation, it should be tried every where, and planted
extensively where it will succeed. Ripens about five days later than Hartford Prolific.

CLASS 2.—Healthy varieties promising well.

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