This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Table of Contents
Introduction QuoteBank Twenty Famous Quotes God Science War and Peace Education and Teaching Wisdom Funny Quotes Society Personal Einstein’s Historic speeches The Principles of Research German League of Human Rights Albert Einstein as Author The World as I See It Out of my Later Years Relativity: The Special and General Theory
This book is licensed under creative commons.
In short: you are free to distribute and modify the ﬁle as long as you attribute its author(s) or licensor(s).
8 10 12 15 17 19 21 23 25
32 33 34
His Life and Times
Albert Einstein Makes History and Inspires Hope
With his shaggy unruly hair, unfashionable clothes and prominent mustache Albert Einstein could be recognized a ny wh e r e. H e wa s t h e quintessential absent minded professor—a man who would forget where he kept his car keys but solved profound problems of physics. He was a genius of high order who changed the way we perceive the universe with his theories. The Times has hailed him as Person of the Century. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. One of the most brilliant scientists and an extraordinary man he was also deeply compassionate and wanted to help his fellow creatures. A man of letters he has voiced his opinion on subjects as diverse as religion and war many of which are relevant even today. The beginning Born in Germany on March 14, 1879. His father Hermann, a salesman and engineer and his mother Pauline resided in Ulm in the kingdom of Wurttemberg. They were Jews. The family shifted to Munich in 1880. The family was not an orthodox Jewish one and young Albert attended an elementary catholic school. Though young Albert experienced difﬁculties in speech, he proved to be a brilliant student. When Albert was only ﬁve years old his father showed him a pocket compass. Even at this young age Albert felt that there was an unseen force which
I am enough of an ar tist to draw freely upo n my imagination. Imaginat ion is more important than kn ow le dg e. K no w le dg e is limited. Imagination en circles the world. Albert Einstein
was guiding the needle. The compass made an indelible impression in Albert’s mind. When he was six his musically coaxed him to learn violin.
Visit Quotesbank.com for great Quotes.
Create your own QuotesBank Account Save and share your favorite quotes by Barack Obama and others. Create beautiful eCards.
She was his fellow student and had the honor of being the only student of her sex to study mathematics in ETH. These technical problems would be later used in Einstein’s experiments. The love affair was doomed to failure. he conceived a bold experiment in which he visualized traveling along a beam of light. could be simply understood from the postulate that light interacts with matter as discrete "packets" (quanta) of energy. as an assistant examiner. Einstein published a paper in the prestigious Annalen der Physik on the capillary forces of straw. After struggling for two years he ﬁnally got a job in Berne at the Federal Ofﬁce for Intellectual Property. Another son Eduard was born in Zurich. Though Einstein’s life was monotonous he managed to form a club on science with like minded friends called “The Olympia Academy". Albert’s sharp mind was quick to grasp these subjects. Einstein was gifted with an extraordinary mind. Personal life Einstein married his former classmate Mileva Marić on 6 January 1903 despite opposition from his mother. When he was only 16. History was to later name these papers Annus Mirabilis Papers which are now recognized as masterpieces in science. As part of his job he dealt with transmission of electric signals and electrical-mechanical synchronization of time. He also took Swiss citizenship in the same year. Elsa had two daughter s from a previous marriage who grew up in the Einstein household. When Albert was only ten a medical student who was also his friend introduced him to books on mathematics and philosophy. By the age of 12 he had mastered Euclidean geometry. Einstein however hated the rules and regulations of the school which he felt thwarted creativity and hindered the free development of thought. They were blessed with a son Hans Albert Einstein who was born in Berne. Einstein came into contact with his future wife Mileva Marić. He also displayed an unusual ability to handle numbers. The ﬁrst steps Even though Einstein had graduated. Though he detested these lessons the teacher succeeded in developing in him a love for music. He had followed his father’s advice and renounced his German citizenship. H i s p a p e r o n t h e . It was here that he took the ﬁrst tentative steps that would take him to the road of greatness. He decided to apply to ETH Zurich. the Swiss Federal Institute of Te c h n o l o g y i n Z ü r i c h . Mach. Another paper on Brownian motion explained the random movement of very small objects as direct evidence of molecular action. Switzerland. "The Investigation of the State of Aether in Magnetic Fields". the patent ofﬁce. He decided to ﬁnish secondary school from Aarau.inclined mother coaxed him to learn violin. while he was still working in the patent ofﬁce a leading German physic journal published four papers written by Einstein. Switzerland. At 17 he graduated from High School and ﬁnally secured admission in ETH. He wrote his ﬁrst scientiﬁc work. Einstein did not complete High School. Einstein did not remain single for long. His ﬁrst job was to evaluate p aten t fo r e le c t ro m a g n e t i c devices. The members of the club held weekly meetings and pored over the works of Poincare. One of his papers dealing with the particulate nature of light expounded the idea that certain experimental results. Switzerland polished his natural abilities. Mozart’s violin sonatas were one of his favorite. notably the photoelectric effect. supported the atomic t h e o r y. The germs of fame were sown. In the same year he tied the knot with Elsa Löwenthal who was his cousin. The marriage proved short lived and ﬁnally ended in a divorcé in Februar y 1919. The teens Albert experienced the ﬁrst major change in his life when his family left Germany to start a new life in sunny Italy. In 1900 Einstein secured a degree in physics. Unfortunately Einstein failed even though he secured high marks in mathematics and physics. At Switzerland he experienced the pangs of love when he fell in love with Marie. In 1896. He was a student of a prestigious school Luitpold Gymnasium. Albert displayed a scientiﬁc bend of mind from an early age. In the same year one of Einstein’s friends introduced him to the works of Ernst Mach which was to have a major inﬂuence in his life. Failure did not deter him. he failed to secure a teaching job. As he had not cleared High School he was required to pass an entrance examination. That Wonderful Year In the year 1905. and Hume who were to have a profound inﬂuence on him. The very next year. He tried his hand at building mechanical devices.
Meanwhile Einstein decided to go back to Berlin. This paper proved that even small amounts of energy could be used to make massive amounts of energy. where he made ground breaking achievements the papers were not well received by the scientiﬁc community.a team of British astronomers stated that they had conﬁrmed Einstein’s earlier prediction of g r av i t a t i o n a l d e ﬂ e c t i o n o f starlight by the Sun while photographing a solar eclipse in Sobral. and Príncipe. Another honor came his way. In his paper on mass–energy equivalence . In 1914 he was appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics which he served till 1932. Meanwhile Einstein’s fame began to s p re a d . During 1909. At the age of 26 Einstein had another achievement under his belt. The year 1908 found him as a privatdozent at the University of Bern. In 1912 Einstein became the professor of his former collage at ETH. While he was working in Prague he published another of his path breaking papers dealing with effects of gravity on light. His designation was now Technical Examiner. Einstein published "Über die Entwicklung unserer Anschauungen über das Wesen und die Konstitution der Strahlung" ("The Development of Our Views on the Composition and Essence of Radiation"). His theory foreshadowed the advent of nuclear power. northern Brazil. After World War I he was appointed as Extraordinary Professor of the Leiden University. on the quantization of light. The headlines of Times a renowned British newspaper s c r e a m e d ” Re vo l u t i o n i n Science – New Theory of the Universe – Newtonian Ideas Overthrown”. It gave the photon concept which was later used to prove wave–particle duality in quantum mechanics. He switched jobs and took up the job of a professor at the German Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague. Einstein now began toying with the possibilities of using general covariance in proving his theory on gravitation. Professor of Experimental Physics. He was free from most teaching assignments to enable him to devote more time to research.electrodynamics of moving bodies proclaimed the new theory of special relativity. Einstein began to take an interest in Riemannian geometry. Meanwhile Einstein continued his education. S o m e o f t h e extraordinary work he had done reached UK and the US. They were mostly ignored and the few who noticed them did not agree with them. He came into contact with Further recognition of his genius followed. He became a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and professor at the Humboldt University of Berlin. Einstein gave birth to one of twentieth century’s most well known equation: E = mc2. He had studied under Alfred Kleiner. Finally Einstein was able to leave Mathematician Marcel Grossmann. Einstein received a promotion from the patent ofﬁce. Nobel laureate . Though the year 1905 is now recognized as one of the most wonderful years of Einstein’s life. which showed that the observed independence of the speed of light on the observer's state of motion required fundamental changes to the notion of simultaneity. In 1910 he wrote another now famous paper in which he described the cumulative effect of light scattered by individual molecules in the atmosphere proving the scientiﬁc reason behind why the sky appeared to be blue. Fame and the Nobel Prize his job at the patent ofﬁce when he was appointed associate professor at the University of Zurich. Road to Greatness In 1906. He was awarded the PhD by the University of Zurich. In May 1919. His research yielded fruit and by 1915 he had published a ground breaking paper on the theory of relativity which is used till today.
In a letter to the then American President Franklin Roosevelt. social and political projects all over the world. this is known as the EPR paradox . The path that Einstein chose to travel in was a novel one. This unique refrigerator had no moving parts and was developed using only heat as an input. The end came in 1955. World ﬁgure Einstein was now regarded as one of the great ﬁgures the world had ever produced. An apostle of peace Einstein saw with dismay the rise of Hitler and the aggressive postures he assumed. Einstein did not see eye to eye with the "Copenhagen inter pretation" of quantum theory developed by Niels Bohr. He was also against further development of nuclear weapons and lobbied to stop further testing. Einstein urged the American government to develop the bomb. including the Princeton chapter of the NAACP.Research After completing his research on g e n e r a l re l at i v i t y E i n s t e i n concentrated on the theory of gravitation. He continued to play an active role in public affairs till his death. He advocated one world order. When Hitler became Chancellor. Einstein came face to face with tragedy when he lost his wife Elsa in 1936. Einstein in collaboration with Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen. Ger many witnessed turbulent times with the rapid rise of Hitler and Nazism. He felt that the description of nature advocated by this theory was incomplete and left much to be desired. . He wrote numerous afﬁdavits recommending US visas for them. Decades later in 1995 the ﬁrst such condensate was produced experimentally by Eric Allin Cornell and Carl Wieman using ultra-cooling equipment built at the NIST-JILA laboratory at the University of C o l o r a d o a t B o u l d e r. World War II was over in 1945 but it also marked the beginning of the cold war between the two super powers USA and USSR and the beginning of a new arms race. with results conﬁrming quantum theory's predictions. He helped to raise funds for Zionist organizations. Einstein was a member of several civil rights g roups. They purchased a house in Princeton. During the Second World War Einstein did his bit to help his fellow Jews to escape from Germany. In the 1920s quantum mechanics was developed into a complete theory. Einstein maintained friendly relations with the Soviet bloc. which included the Bose–Einstein condensate phenomenon that made an appearance at very low temperatures Einstein. On 17 April Einstein suffered . The last years The Einsteins decided to settle down in America permanently. The bomb came into being and was later used against Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The world was changing rapidly. He later regretted his decision. Einstein submitted a translated version of Bose‘s paper the Zeitschrift für Physik. one of his ﬁrst actions was to remove Jews from high positions. Einstein was given a description of a statistical model from Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose. He lent his support to the creation of a Jewish homeland. A new development took place in the scientiﬁc world. President Roosevelt followed Einstein’s advice . Einstein also made original contributions by publishing his own articles describing the model and its implications. Einstein was a strong critic of Nazism. In the year 1924. Such was the effect of his personality that his views were sought and aired on a wide variety of subjects’ including God and nature. observed that the theory seemed to require nonlocal interactions. The EPR experiment has since been performed.Bose statistics are now used to describe the behaviors of any assembly of "bosons". His political belief veered around socialist Zionism. based on a counting method that assumed that light could be understood as a gas of i n d i s t i n g u i s h a bl e p a r t i c l e s. His objective was to simplify the basic laws of physics dealing with gravitation and electromagnetism. A deeply compassionate man he was associated with humanitarian. In 1950. As early as 1932 Einstein left his homeland and made his home in America. During the Second World War many scientists feared that Germany had the capacity to develop the atom bomb. He however did not live to see the seed he had sown blossom into a fertile plant. Einstein could foresee that he had no place in Nazi Germany. Einstein invented a refrigerator bearing his name. he described this "uniﬁed ﬁeld theory" in a Scientiﬁc American article entitled "On the Generalized Theory of Gravitation" However he could not realize his dream and his efforts did not bear fruit. He ofﬁcially took citizenship of the US in 1940. Coordinating with his former student Leo Szilard.The effort to develop the bomb was called the Manhattan Project.
He remained active till the end. It was hoped that neuroscience of the future would be able to analyze the enormous power of his brain. Einstein was then 76 years old.from internal bleeding. He was regarded as "the greatest scientist of the twentieth century and one of the supreme intellects of all time. He breathed his last at the Princeton Hospital. Prior to his cremation his brain was removed. During his last days he was preparing the draft of a speech which he would have b ro a d c a s t o n t h e s eve n t h anniversary of the formation of Israel." .
Knowledge is limited..Albert Einstein “The only reason for time is so that everything doesn't happen at once” . live for today.Albert Einstein “I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination." . Religion without science is blind. the rest are details” . but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones. The important thing is not to stop questioning..Albert Einstein . who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe.Albert Einstein “Learn from yesterday.Twenty Famous Quotes “I want to know God's thoughts.Albert Einstein “Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new” .Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein . albeit a very persistent one.” . Imagination encircles the world” .Albert Einstein "Science without religion is lame." "I am convinced that He (God) does not play dice." “Science is nothing more than a reﬁnement of everyday thinking?" . hope for tomorrow." .Albert Einstein "Reality is merely an illusion.Albert Einstein "The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. Imagination is more important than knowledge. is as good as dead: his eyes are closed .Albert Einstein "I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought. . He to whom this emotion is strangers. It is the source of all true art and all science.
and the fear of death.Albert Einstein “Not everything that counts can be counted and not everything that can be counted counts.” “E = mc²: Energy equals mass times the speed of light squared.Albert Einstein “The further the spiritual evolution of mankind advances.Albert Einstein "A person starts to live when he can live outside himself. but not simpler” .Albert Einstein. but through striving after rational knowledge. and blind faith. It comes soon enough.Albert Einstein . Every one of us appears here involuntarily and uninvited for a short stay.” The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources.” .Albert Einstein “Reading after a certain (time) diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits.” ." “I never think of the future.” . without knowing the whys and the wherefore” .” .Albert Einstein “Our situation on this earth seems strange.“Everything should be made as simple as possible. Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking. the more certain it seems to me that the path to genuine religiosity does not lie through the fear of life.Albert Einstein . .Albert Einstein .
I can not prove to you that there is no personal God.God Einstein’s views on God were unconventional." -Albert Einstein . In his book The World as I See It. He integrates empirically. but if I were to speak of him I would be a liar.Albert Einstein “I believe in Spinoza's God who reveals himself in the orderly harmony of what exists.” . Many branded him as an atheist He did nor believe in a personal God who interfered with the affairs of mankind but believed in the power of a supreme being whose spirit seemed to be governing the universe. he wrote: "A knowledge of the existence of something we cannot penetrate. living with all one's soul.” “God is subtle but he is not malicious” . of the manifestations of the profoundest reason and the most radiant beauty. with all one's goodness and righteousness” .Albert Einstein . I am a deeply religious man” Einstein spoke and wrote frequently of God.and equally foolish. not in a God who concerns himself with the fates and actions of human beings” .Albert Einstein "I can not accept any concept of God based on the fear of life or the fear of death or blind faith.Albert Einstein “My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit who reveals himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble mind. and was actually a deeply humane and religious man. He looked with wonder at God the creator.Albert Einstein “True religion is real living.Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein “God does not care about our mathematical difﬁculties. in this sense.” “Before God we are all equally wise . “God reveals himself in the orderly harmony of what exists. which are only accessible to our reason in their most elementary forms—it is this knowledge and this emotion that constitute the truly religious attitude.” . and in this alone.
I cannot do this in spite of the fact that mechanistic causality has.Albert Einstein “What really interests me is whether God had any choice in the creation of the world.Albert Einstein .” .Albert Einstein “When the solution is simple. been placed in doubt by modern science” .” ."I cannot conceive of a personal God who would directly inﬂuence the actions of individuals. God is answering. to a certain extent. or would directly sit in judgment on creatures of his own creation.
To him delving in the mysteries of science was an escape from the monotony and problems of the everyday world into a lover’s arms. a genius whose theories and experiments gave us profound knowledge about the universe and changed the concept of space. they are not certain. I should have become a watchmaker.Albert Einstein "The important thing is not to stop questioning. as far as they are certain. Curiosity has its own reason for existing." . He is widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the twentieth century." ..Science Science was Einstein’s ﬁrst love and the passion of his life. Everything else took a back seat to it. "The whole of science is nothing more than a reﬁnement of everyday thinking." .Albert Einstein "Equations are more important to me. they do not refer to reality. time and energy. because politics is for the present.Albert Einstein "As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality. If only I had known. but an equation is something for eternity.Albert Einstein "The release of atom power has changed everything except our way of thinking. He experienced an artist’s joy of creation while exploring the great laws of nature.Albert Einstein "Technological progress is like an axe in the hands of a pathological criminal.the solution to this problem lies in the heart of mankind." .." .Albert Einstein ." . I can assure you mine are still greater." .Albert Einstein "Do not worry about your difﬁculties in Mathematics. Till the very end he retained the spirit of joy a child feels about the great phenomena of nature and the curiosity to discover more about them.
Albert Einstein “Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple. That means nothing.” .” “All religions.Albert Einstein “Science is the attempt to make the chaotic diversity of our sense experience correspond to a logically uniform system of thought. and may. The only difference is that there is no cat." . Do you understand this? And radio operates exactly the same way: you send signals here."Now he has departed from this strange world a little ahead of me. arts and sciences are branches of the same tree.” .Albert Einstein ".” .” . People like us.one of the strongest motives that lead men to art and science is escape from everyday life with its painful crudity and hopeless dreariness. A ﬁnely tempered nature longs to escape from the personal life into the world of objective perception and thought.Albert Einstein "You see.Albert Einstein “It stands to the everlasting credit of science that by acting on the human mind it has overcome man's insecurity before himself and before nature. as a rule. from the fetters of one's own ever-shifting desires. very long cat.." . be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone.Albert Einstein .. know that the distinction between past. who believe in physics.Albert Einstein . they receive them there.” “It should be possible to explain the laws of physics to a barmaid. wire telegraph is a kind of a very. You pull his tail in New York and his head is meowing in Los Angeles.Albert Einstein ." . present and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion.Albert Einstein “The important thing is not to stop questioning.
” .Albert Einstein “The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest number of empirical facts by logical deduction from the smallest number of hypotheses or axioms.Albert Einstein . They are wrong: it is character.” . .Albert Einstein “Pure mathematics is. in its way. the poetry of logical ideas.“Most people say that is it is the intellect which makes a great scientist.
“Peace cannot be kept by force.Albert Einstein “Heroism on command. senseless violence. He opposed nationalism and advocated the concept of one world with a world government at the helm.Albert Einstein “I am not only a paciﬁst but a militant paciﬁst.” .Albert Einstein “I do not believe that civilization will be wiped out in a war fought with the atomic bomb.War and Peace An apostle of peace.” . he abhorred any kind of violence and was a staunch paciﬁst.Albert Einstein “So long as there are men there will be wars. it can only be achieved by understanding.Albert Einstein “You cannot simultaneously prevent and prepare for war.” .” .Albert Einstein “The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking and we thus drift toward unparalleled catastrophe. Nothing will end war unless the people themselves refuse to go to war. Einstein felt everything should be done to stop Hitler. and all the loathsome nonsense that goes by the name of patriotism -. He even wrote a letter to Franklin Roosevelt.” . the President of America urging him to develop the atom bomb. He was to rue his decision when the city of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was reduced to rubble by atom bombs. Perhaps two-thirds of the people of the earth will be killed. who attended the League of Nations and other disarmament groups. However when Hitler rose to power.” .Albert Einstein .” .Albert Einstein “Force always attracts men of low morality. I am willing to ﬁght for peace. He took the extreme view that taking a life even in a war was equal to plain murder.how passionately I hate them!” . From then onwards he was a crusader against the bomb and felt that scientists should not help nations to develop destructive armaments.
” -Albert Einstein “Nationalism is an infantile disease. by educating them in the spirit of paciﬁsm. love rather than hate.Albert Einstein .. I would believe that Gandhi's views were the most enlightened of all the political men in our time..” -Albert Einstein "It may affront the military-minded person to suggest a reqime that does not maintain any military secrets. self-inﬂicted fate. by raising my voice. Our schoolbooks glorify war and conceal its horrors.” ..Albert Einstein "Taken on the whole. It is the measles of mankind. but by non-participation in what we believe is evil.“We scientists. I would teach peace rather than war. whose tragic destiny it has been to make the methods of annihilation ever more gruesome and more effective.” .Albert Einstein “Nothing that I can do will change the structure of the universe.Goodwill among men and peace on earth.. to annihilate each other or to be at the mercy of a cruel." .” Albert Einstein “Human beings are not condemned.Albert Einstein “The pioneers of a warless world are the young men and women who refuse military service. They indoctrinate children with hatred. ." -Albert Einstein It is my conviction that killing under the cloak of war is nothing but an act of murder.Albert Einstein “ We must inoculate our children against militarism.not to use violence in ﬁghting for our cause.But maybe. because of their biological constitution.” . I can help in the greatest of all causes-. must consider it our solemn and transcendent duty to do all in our power in preventing these weapons from being used for the brutal purpose for which they were invented. We should strive to do things in his spirit.
This coercion had such a deterring effect on me that.Albert Einstein “It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge.Albert Einstein "To me the worst thing seems to be a school principally to work with methods of fear." . He was against the system of learning by rote which deadened a child’s curiosity." . "The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education." .” .Albert Einstein “It is a miracle that curiosity survives formal education.” ." .Albert Einstein "Never regard study as a duty. whether one liked it or not.Albert Einstein "Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school. force and artiﬁcial authority. but as the enviable opportunity to learn to know the liberating inﬂuence of beauty in the realm of the spirit for your own personal joy and to the proﬁt of the community to which your later work belongs. after I had passed the ﬁnal examination. He was against the modern methods of education at the school level which squeezed out the pleasure of attaining knowledge. Such treatment destroys the sound sentiments.Albert Einstein "Teaching should be such that what is offered is perceived as a valuable gift and not as a hard duty.” . According to him an ideal teacher was the one who could create a sense of wonder and awe in his student.Albert Einstein .Education and Teaching Einstein’s views on education too were unconventional. He was bored in classrooms and detested the formal school education he received." -Albert Einstein "One had to cram all this stuff into one's mind for the examinations. the sincerity and the selfconﬁdence of pupils and produces a subservient subject. I found the consideration of any scientiﬁc problems distasteful to me for an entire year.
” . as the outstanding organ for the people's education. must serve that end exclusively. the sole function of education was to open the way to thinking and knowing. and the school.Albert Einstein .“According to this conception.
Albert Einstein “Only one who devotes himself to a cause with his whole strength and soul can be a true master.” . One is as though nothing is a miracle.” . from one's own efforts.Albert Einstein “There are only two ways to live your life.Albert Einstein “Sometimes one pays most for the things one gets for nothing.to characterize our age.Wisdom Einstein possessed one of the greatest minds of the twentieth century. His words reveal a mind which has pondered deeply on the lot of fellow human beings.Albert Einstein “Occurrences in this domain are beyond the reach of exact prediction because of the variety of factors in operation.” .” . not because of any lack of order in nature.” .Albert Einstein “The environment is everything that isn't me. He has been extensively quoted and many of his opinions are relevant even today. since we ourselves are human beings.” . “Perfection of means and confusion of goals seem -. He brought his great mind to bear not only on science but offered pearls of wisdom on almost everything under the sun. the hard from within.in my opinion -. Einstein was gifted with a natural ﬂair for words. The other is as though everything is a miracle.Albert Einstein “We cannot despair of humanity.” -Albert Einstein “The bitter and the sweet come from the outside.” . For this reason mastery demands all of a person.Albert Einstein .
“The signiﬁcant problems we face today cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them. intersected between the causal primary instincts and the resulting actions. there is no difference between large and small problems. love.Albert Einstein “The high destiny of the individual is to serve rather than to rule.Albert Einstein “If people are good only because they fear punishment. above all.” .” .Albert Einstein “Intellectual growth should commence at birth and cease only at death.Albert Einstein “Anger dwells only in the bosom of fools. and hope for reward.Albert Einstein “In matters of truth and justice. be a sheep. fear are some of those inner forces which rule the individual's instinct for self preservation..” . then we are a sorry lot indeed.Albert Einstein “Thought is the organizing factor in man.” .Albert Einstein “Hunger.” .Albert Einstein “In order to form an immaculate member of a ﬂock of sheep one must.” .” ..Albert Einstein “Only a life lived in the service to others is worth living.” .” . for issues concerning the treatment of people are all the same.” .Albert Einstein . pain.
” . except that everything turns not into gold but into a circus.Albert Einstein . it would not be called research. he had the ability to see into the funny side of things. He had a sharp wit which surfaces frequently in his writings. (referring to clothing)” . A great creative mind. and it seems like a minute. “Gravitation can not be held responsible for people falling in love” . and it seems like an hour.Albert Einstein "The hardest thing in the world to understand is the income tax.Albert Einstein “If we knew what it was we were doing.Funny Quotes Even while delving into profound scientiﬁc research Einstein displayed his sense of playful humor.” .Albert Einstein “If you are out to describe the truth.Albert Einstein “It would be a sad situation if the wrapper were better than the meat wrapped inside it. fate made me an authority myself.Albert Einstein “How on earth are you ever going to explain in terms of chemistry and physics so important a biological phenomenon as ﬁrst love” ." .Albert Einstein “I have become rather like King Midas. letters and speeches. That's relativity” .Albert Einstein “To punish me for my contempt for authority.Albert Einstein “Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute. would it?” . leave elegance to the tailor” . Sit with a pretty girl for an hour.
” -Albert Einstein . and I'm not sure about the universe” .“Two things are inﬁnite: the universe and human stupidity.Albert Einstein “Any man who can drive safely while kissing a pretty girl is simply not giving the kiss the attention it deserves” .Albert Einstein “Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it.
pity. need for power. pride. and so on.” .Albert Einstein “Every kind of peaceful cooperation among men is primarily based on mutual trust and only secondarily on institutions such as courts of justice and police. as social beings.” .Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein “At the same time.” .Albert Einstein “The distinctions separating the social classes are false.Albert Einstein “Few people are capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from the prejudices of their social environment.Albert Einstein “Too many of us look upon Americans as dollar chasers. Most people are even incapable of forming such opinions. hate. in the last analysis they rest on force. even if it is reiterated thoughtlessly by the Americans themselves.” . He often voiced his concern over the underdog like the blacks in America and was a strong opponent of racial discrimination. His opinion was sought on all possible topics and he freely gave them. His vision of an ideal society was a utopian world where human beings lived together in peace and harmony and lend a helping hand to each other.” .Society Albert Einstein was one of the most inﬂuential personalities of the twentieth century.Albert Einstein “It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.” . “All that is valuable in human society depends upon the opportunity for development accorded the individual.” . This is a cruel libel. we are moved in the relations with our fellow beings by such feelings as sympathy.
Albert Einstein ." ."Bias against the Negro is the worst disease from which the society of our nation suffers.
” . lost track of mundane things in everyday life.Personal Einstein was not only one of the greatest minds of the twentieth century but a unique personality. and that I must exert myself in order to give in the same measure as I have received.” . He had a wandering mind which while pondering over great matters. He was extremely disorganized in his personal life.Albert Einstein “Why is it that nobody understands me and everybody likes me” . He was a free thinker who held unconventional views on most subjects. curiosity. “A hundred times every day I remind myself that my inner and outer life depend on the labors of other men.Albert Einstein “When I examine myself and my methods of thought.” .” . He led a simple life with a limited wardrobe as he did not want to waste time deciding on what to wear.” . obsession and dogged endurance. He was also an extremely humane man with a deep compassion for the suffering of mankind.Albert Einstein “There has already been published by the bucketfuls such brazen lies and utter ﬁctions about me that I would long since have gone to my grave if I had let myself pay attention to that.Albert Einstein “It is strange to be known so universally and yet to be so lonely. he remained humble and felt he had no special talents only an inquisitive mind. I come to the conclusion that the gift of fantasy has meant more to me than my talent for absorbing positive knowledge. Though he was considered a towering genius. combined with self-criticism have brought me to my ideas. To him good clothes were superﬂuous and fashions a waste of time and energy.Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein “I know quite certainly that I myself have no special talent. living and dead.
Ninety-nine times.” . it's just that I stay with problems longer.Albert Einstein “If I had only known.Albert Einstein “I never came upon any of my discoveries through the process of rational thinking.” .Albert Einstein “I think and think for months and years.Albert Einstein “It's not that I'm so smart. and the desire for personal independence . It is a known fact that I was born and that is all that is necessary.Albert Einstein “When I examine myself and my methods of thought.Albert Einstein . an almost fanatical love of justice. I would have been a locksmith.” .Albert Einstein “My life is a simple thing that would interest no one.” .Albert Einstein “How do I work? I grope. The hundredth time I am right.” .Albert Einstein “A question that sometimes drives me hazy: am I or are the others crazy?” .” . I come to the conclusion that the gift of fantasy has meant more to me than my talent for absorbing positive knowledge.these are the features of Jewish tradition that make me thank my stars that I belong to it.” .” . the conclusion is false.Albert Einstein “My sense of God is my sense of wonder about the Universe.“The pursuit of knowledge for its own sake.” .
I've only ever had one.” .Albert Einstein “No amount of experimentation can ever prove me right.Albert Einstein “I am not only a paciﬁst but a militant paciﬁst.” .Albert Einstein “I used to go away for weeks in a state of confusion.” .” .” .Albert Einstein “I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination.” .Albert Einstein “You ask me if I keep a notebook to record my great ideas.Albert Einstein .“I am a deeply religious nonbeliever .Albert Einstein “I live in that solitude which is painful in youth.” . a single experiment can prove me wrong. but delicious in the years of maturity.this is a somewhat new kind of religion.
Were an angel of the Lord to come and drive all the people belonging to these two categories out of the temple. uncommunicative. Now let us have another look at those who have found favor with the angel. than the hosts of the rejected. and in many cases our angel would ﬁnd it a pretty ticklish job to decide. where the eye ranges freely through the still. if it comes to a point. pure air and fondly traces out the restful contours apparently built for eternity. in order to ﬁnd in this way the peace and security which he cannot ﬁnd in the narrow whirlpool of personal experience. this desire may be compared with the townsman's irresistible longing to escape from his noisy. or scientists depends on circumstances. To him a scientist’s devotion to his work is like a lover paying homage to his beloved. cramped surroundings into the silence of high mountains. In this famous speech Einstein dwells not only on Science but also on his philosophy. Many take to science out of a joyful sense of superior intellectual power. any more than a forest can grow which consists of nothing but creepers. many others are to be found in the temple who has offered the products of their brains on this altar for purely utilitarian purposes. 1918 Principles of Research Speech rendered to the Physical Society Berlin This speech was given in honor of Max Plank’s sixtieth birthday. This is what the painter. To begin with. I am quite aware that we have just now lightheartedly expelled in imagination many excellent men who are largely. he then tries to some extent to substitute this cosmos of his for the world of experience. I believe with Schopenhauer that one of the strongest motives that leads men to art and science is escape from everyday life with its painful crudity and hopeless dreariness.Einstein’s Historic Speeches Albert Einstein. and that is why we love him. But of one thing I feel sure: if the types we have just expelled were the only types there were. whether they become engineers. This speech also reveals Einstein’s command over language. What has brought them to the temple? That is a difﬁcult question and no single answer will cover it. ofﬁcers. science is their own special sport to which they look for vivid experience and the satisfaction of ambition. A ﬁnely tempered nature longs to escape from personal life into the world of objective perception and thought. but there would still be some men. from the fetters of one's own ever shifting desires. in spite of these common characteristics. For these people any sphere of human activity will do. the speculative philosopher. Each makes this cosmos and its construction the pivot of his emotional life. the poet. and the natural scientist do. . left inside. Full Transcript: In the temple of science are many mansions. Man tries to make for himself in the fashion that suits him best a simpliﬁed and intelligible picture of the world. He is credited to be the founder of quantum theory. the temple would never have come to be. responsible for the buildings of the temple of science. With this negative motive there goes a positive one. Most of them are somewhat odd. tradesmen. perhaps chieﬂy. solitary fellows. each in his own fashion. the assemblage would be seriously depleted. Our Planck is one of them. really less like each other. and various indeed are they that dwell therein and the motives that have led them thither. He is regarded as one of the founding fathers of twentieth century physics. The words have a lyrical quality about them. of both present and past times. and thus to overcome it.
for the general laws on which the structure of theoretical physics is based claim to be valid for any natural phenomenon whatsoever. the daily effort comes from no deliberate intention or program. In regard to his subject matter. Supreme purity. clarity. The state of mind which enables a man to do work of this kind is akin to that of the religious worshiper or the lover. this is what Leibnitz described so happily as a "preestablished harmony. that is to say. refusing to let himself be diverted to more grateful and more easily attained ends. in my opinion. May the love of science continue to illumine his path in the future and lead him to the solution of the most important problem in present-day physics. it ought to be possible to arrive at the description. including life. But what can be the attraction of getting to know such a tiny section of nature thoroughly. if that process of deduction were not far beyond the capacity of the human intellect. a single one has always proved itself decidedly superior to all the rest. theoretically. and this opinion is no doubt correct. in spite of the fact that there is no logical bridge between phenomena and their theoretical principles. the theory. There he sits.wrongly. while one leaves everything subtler and more complex shyly and timidly alone? Does the product of such a modest effort deserve to be called by the proud name of a theory of the universe? In my belief the name is justiﬁed.What place does the theoretical physicist's picture of the world occupy among all these possible pictures? It demands the highest possible standard of rigorous precision in the description of relations. In this methodological uncertainty. of every natural process. to the most general problems of our science. There is no logical path to these laws. The longing to behold this pre-established harmony is the source of the inexhaustible patience and perseverance with which Planck has devoted himself. resting on sympathetic understanding of experience. but straight from the heart. Nobody who has really gone deeply into the matter will deny that in practice the world of phenomena uniquely determines the theoretical system. Here. out of all conceivable constructions. The supreme task of the physicist is to arrive at those universal elementary laws from which the cosmos can be built up by pure deduction. can reach them. one might suppose that there were any number of possible systems of theoretical physics all equally well justiﬁed. and smiles inside himself at my childish playing-about with the lantern of Diogenes. Our affection for him needs no threadbare explanation. all events of a more complex order are beyond the power of the human intellect to reconstruct with the subtle accuracy and logical perfection which the theoretical physicist demands. With them. But the development of physics has shown that at any given moment. lie the roots of the controversy carried on some years ago between Mach and Planck. our beloved Planck. The physicist's renunciation of completeness for his cosmos is therefore not a matter of fundamental principle. as we see. the physicist has to limit himself very severely: he must content himself with describing the most simple events which can be brought within the domain of our experience. May he succeed in uniting quantum theory with electrodynamics and mechanics in a single logical system. it seems to me. which he has himself posed and done so much to solve." Physicists often accuse epistemologists of not paying sufﬁcient attention to this fact. only intuition. . and certainty at the cost of completeness. such as only the use of mathematical language can give. I have often heard colleagues try to attribute this attitude of his to extraordinary will-power and discipline -. on the other hand. by means of pure deduction.
Einstein was a staunch paciﬁst. Privileges based on position and property have always seemed to me unjust and pernicious. although I well know the weaknesses of the democratic form of government. for those whom we love and for many other beings whose fate is connected with our own.Albert Einstein. My passion for social justice has often brought me into conﬂict with people. It is the underlying principle of religion as well as all serious endeavour in art and science. I am against any nationalism. Full Transcript: Our situation on this earth seems strange. my consciousness of belonging to the invisible community of those who strive for truth. He abhorred violence and war. I always have a high regard for the individual and have an insuperable distaste for violence and clubmanship. I never coveted afﬂuence and luxury and even despise them a good deal. beauty. To sense that behind anything that can be experienced there is a something that our mind cannot grasp and whose beauty and . if not dead. even in the guise of mere patriotism. Social equality and economic protection of the individual appeared to me always as the important communal aims of the state. He was also greatly concerned about basic human rights which he felt should be enjoyed by every human being on earth. The most beautiful and deepest experience a man can have is the sense of the mysterious. as did my aversion to any obligation and dependence I do not regard as absolutely necessary. Although I am a typical loner in daily life. I am often worried at the thought that my life is based to such a large extent on the work of my fellow human beings and I am aware of my great indebtedness to them. He who never had this experience seems to me. 1932 Speech delivered to the German League of Human Rights in Berlin Einstein was not moved by science alone although it was the ruling passion of his life. paciﬁsm and religion. without knowing the whys and the wherefore. He even disliked the spirit of nationalism and patriotism which often led to mindless slaughter. as did any exaggerated personality cult. then at least blind. This speech contains some of his most famous quotes and also reﬂects his views on social justice. but he cannot will what he wills” accompany me in all situations throughout my life and reconcile me with the actions of others even if they are rather painful to me. All these motives made me into a passionate paciﬁst and anti-militarist. In our daily lives we only feel that man is here for the sake of others. I do not believe in freedom of the will. This awareness of the lack of freedom of will preserves me from taking too seriously myself and my fellow men as acting and deciding individuals and from losing my temper. I am an adherent of the ideal of democracy. Every one of us appears here involuntarily and uninvited for a short stay. and justice has preserved me from feeling isolated. Schopenhauer's words: “Man can do what he wants.
. this is religiousness. In this sense I am religious. To me it sufﬁces to wonder at these secrets and to attempt humbly to grasp with my mind a mere image of the lofty structure of all that there is.sublimity reaches us only indirectly and as a feeble reﬂection.
Living in turbulent times which saw the world ravaged by two world wars. therefore. The World AS I See It.Albert Einstein as Author The World as I see it The World as I See It is one of the most comprehensive collections of essays. He was undoubtedly one of the greatest scientists that the world has ever produced but in this book we get a glimpse of a different side of his personality. Without language our mental capacities would be poor indeed. Germany and the Jews. live in houses that others have built. Albert Einstein was a radical free thinker who took a keen interest in the affairs of the world. which directs his material and spiritual existence from the cradle to the grave. The individual is what he is and has the signiﬁcance that he has not so much in virtue of his individuality. It is a wonderful book written by a brilliant mind From the book: When we survey our lives and endeavors we soon observe that almost the whole of our actions and desires are bound up with the existence of other human beings. Einstein’s prose is clear and ﬂowing and reﬂects simplicity of thought. we have. he advocated peace and paciﬁsm. The greater part of our knowledge and beliefs has been communicated to us by other people through the medium of a language which others have created. The book can be divided into four parts. We eat food that others have grown. This book provides an insight into Einstein’s philosophy of life and his concept of metaphysics. to admit that we owe our principal advantage over the beasts to the fact of living in human society. We see that our whole nature resembles that of the social animals.Albert Einstein . . comparable to those of the higher animals. articles and letters written by Albert Einstein. Politics and Paciﬁsm. The individual. if left alone from birth would remain primitive and beast-like in his thoughts and feelings to a degree that we can hardly conceive. but rather as a member of a great human society. We also see the deeply humanitarian side of the man who believed that the world would be a better place if we help each other. wear clothes that others have made.
From the book: We all know. At the same time. Planck. and lesser known ﬁgures Paul Ehrenfest. letters and speeches and gives us a peep into the world of a brilliant mind. It contains one of the best collections of essays.Albert Einstein . as social beings. pain. and so on. he writes about various scientists and great leaders of his day like Gandhi. are the springs of man's actions. and these impulses are so organized that our actions in general serve for our self-preservation and that of the race. The book has sections on 'Convictions and Beliefs' 'Science and Life' ' Public Affairs' ' Personalities' and 'His own people: The Jews" In Personalities. All such action would cease if those powerful elemental forces were to cease stirring within us. He writes with pathos. We all try to escape pain and death. fear are some of those inner forces which rule the individual's instinct for self-preservation. pity. “The Jews” deals with the creation of a national homeland for the Jews and Zionism.Out of My Later Years As the title suggests this book covers the later years of Einstein’s life spanning from 1934-1950. the history of his homeland Germany as it witnessed the rise of Hitler and the birth of anti. love. Kepler. The book also visualizes his concept of a global village. All these primary impulses. need for power. Intuition tells us that that is true also of our fellows and of the higher animals. Newton. Madame Curie. . Langevin. pride. hate. religious and social issues besides science.Carl von Ossietsky. not easily described in words.Semitism. We all are ruled in what we do by impulses. Hunger. from what we experience with and within ourselves that our conscious acts spring from our desires and our fears. we are moved in the relations with our fellow beings by such feelings as sympathy. while we seek what is pleasant. This book opens a window into the life of the great man and gives us his views on as varied topics as education.
This book explains the theories of relativity which catapulted him to world fame. without paying the slightest attention to the elegance of the presentation.. but who are not conversant with the mathematical apparatus of theoretical physics. Elucidating on the objective of the book Einstein wrote” The present book is intended. students of science will ﬁnd it useful even today. to give an exact insight into the theory of Relativity to those readers who. the second with general theory of relativity and the third with Considerations of the Universe as a whole. Throughout the book there is clarity of thought and language. The ﬁrst part deals with Special theory of relativity. from a general scientiﬁc and philosophical point of view. Though this book was published way back in 1920. It is full of examples and contains a certain amount of mathematics though these are not difﬁcult to comprehend. Boltzmann.." Compared to other books on the same topic Einstein’s book is relatively easy to understand. . according to whom matters of elegance ought to be left to the tailor and to the cobbler. This book is meant for science students as a certain amount of knowledge of Physics is essential to comprehend the book. I adhered scrupulously to the precept of that brilliant theoretical physicist L. "as far as possible." Einstein wrote in 1916. are interested in the theory.. The book is divided into three parts. In the interest of clearness.Relativity: The special and general theory This book presents an opportunity to students of science to learn all about relativity from the twentieth century genius. it appeared to me inevitable that I should repeat myself frequently.
He has been declared Times’ Person of the Century. live for today. his name has become a symbol for genius. a philosopher who contemplated on the affairs of human beings and a paciﬁst in an era of world wars. Imagination is more important than knowledge. The important thing is not to stop questioning.Albert Einstein “Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new” .Albert Einstein Brought to you by: This book is licensed under creative commons. the rest are details” .The ﬁgure of Albert Einstein dominates the twentieth century. In short: you are free to distribute and modify the ﬁle as long as you attribute its author(s) or licensor(s).Albert Einstein “I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. he was a great humanitarian. Gifted with an extraordinary mind he solved the riddles of some of the deepest secrets of the universe and gave us the theory of relativity as well as the most famous equation of Physics E=MC2. This book gives you a glimpse of the man behind the scientist.” . Besides being a brilliant scientist who won the Nobel Prize.Albert Einstein "I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought. This extraordinary man spurned power when he was offered the Presidentship of Israel.. . Big Bang and the making of the atom bomb have his stamp. hope for tomorrow.Albert Einstein “Learn from yesterday. A simple man who did away with superﬂuous things and liked to greet his guests wearing an old sweater and slippers his ﬁgure dominated an age devastated by two world wars and his opinion was sought on almost every topic under the sun. “I want to know God's thoughts.. Imagination encircles the world” . Knowledge is limited. but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones. The most important discoveries of Physics including the quantum theory. Journalists noted down each word he uttered and he is also one of the most quoted men of the century gone by. No other scientist in the world had been more idolized and been at the receiving end of so much attention. One of the greatest scientists the world has ever produced." .