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to bite to bleed to bless to blow to break to breed to bring to broadcast to burn to burst to buy to can to cast to catch to choose to cleave to cling to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig
Trecut abode arose awoke was, were bore beat became began beheld bent besought bore bet bade bound bit bled blest blew broke bred brought broadcast burnt (burned) burst bought could cast caught chose cleft clung came cost crept cut dealt dug
Participiu trecut Traducere abode a astepta, a sta, a locui arisen awoke been born beaten become begun beheld bent besought born bet bidden bound bitten bled blest blown broken bred brought broadcast burnt (burned) burst bought been able to cast caught chosen cleft clung come cost crept cut dealt dug a se ridica a se trezi a fi a se naste a bate a deveni a icepe a zari, a vedea a idoi a implora a se naste a paria a oferi, a licita a lega a musca a sangera a binecuvanta a sufla a sparge a creste a aduce a transmite prin radio a arde a izbucni a cumpara a putea, a fi posibil a arunca a prinde a alege a despica a se lipi a veni a costa a se tara a taia a se ocupa, a trata afaceri a sapa
to deal to dig to do to draw to dream to drink to drive to dwell
dealt dug did drew dreamt (dreamed) drank drove dwelt
dealt dug done drawn dreamt (dreamed) drunk driven dwelt
to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forecast to foresee to foretell to forget to forgive to forgo forsake to freeze to get to give to go to grind to grow to hang to have to hear
ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forecast foresaw foretold forgot forgave forwent forsook froze got gave went ground grew hung (hanged) had heard
eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forecast foreseen foretold forgotten forgiven forgone forsaken frozen got given gone ground grown hung (hanged) had heard
a se ocupa, a trata afaceri a sapa a face a desena a visa a bea a conduce masina a locui, a ramane, a insista a manca a cadea a hrani a simti a lupta a gasi a zbura a interzice a prevedea a prevedea a prezice a uita a ierta a renunta la, a da uitarii a parasi a igheta a primi a da a merge a macina a creste a spanzura a avea a auzi
to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel to knit to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to light to lose to make to mean to meet to misgive to mislead to mistake to outdo to overcome to overdo to pay to put to read to rend to ride to ring to rise to run to say
hid hit held hurt kept knelt knit knew laid led leant learnt (learned) left lent let lay lit lost made meant met misgave misled mistook outdid overcame overdid paid put read rent rode rang rose ran said
hidden hit held hurt kept knelt knit known laid led leant learnt (learned) left lent let lain lit lost made meant met misgiven misled mistaken outdone overcome overdone paid put read rent ridden rung risen run said
a ascunde a lovi a tine a rani a pastra a igenunchia a tricota a sti, a cunoaste a aseza a conduce a se sprijini de a ivata a lasa, a parasi a împrumuta (cuiva) a permite a fi culcat a aprinde a pierde a face a isemna a italni a inspira neicredere a induce i eroare a itelege gresit a itrece a ivinge a face exces a plati a pune a citi a sfasia, a rupe a calari a suna a se ridica a alerga a spune
to see to seek to sell to send to set to sew to shake to shave to shed to shine to shoe to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sit to slay to sleep to slide to sling to slit to smell to smite to sow to speak to speed to spell to spend to spill to spin
saw sought sold sent set sewed shook shaved shed shone shod shot showed shrank shut sang sank sat slew slept slid slung slit smelt (smelled) smote sowed spoke sped spelt (spelled) spent spilt spun
seen sought sold sent set sewn (sewed) shaken shaven shed shone shod shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk sat slain slept slid slung slit smelt (smelled) smitten sown spoken sped spelt (spelled) spent spilt spun
a vedea a cauta a vinde a trimite a fixa, a regla a coase a scutura, a clatina a se barbieri a varsa (lacrimi) a straluci a icalta, a potcovi a împusca a arata a se strange a ichide a canta a se scufunda a sta (pe scaun) a ucide a dormi a aluneca a azvarli a crapa, a despica a mirosi a lovi a semana a vorbi a accelera, a goni a pronunta litera cu litera a petrece, a cheltui a varsa a toarce, a se roti
to spit to split to spoil to spread to spring to stand to steal to stick to sting to stink to strike to string to strive to swear to sweep to swim to swing to take to teach to tear to tell to think to throw to thrust to tread to underlie to understand to upset to wake to wear to weave to wet to win to wind to wring to write
spat split spoilt spread sprang stood stole stuck stung stank struck strung strove swore swept swam swung took taught tore told thought threw thrust trod underlay understood upset woke wore wove wet won wound wrung wrote
spat split spoilt spread sprung stodd stolen stuck stung stunk struck strung striven sworn swept swum swung taken taught torn told thought thrown thrust trodden underlain understood upset woken worn woven wet won wound wrung written
a scuipa a despica a strica a itinde a sari, a tasni a sta i picioare a fura a ifige, a se lipi a itepa a mirosi urat a lovi a isira, a icorda a se stradui a jura a matura a inota a se legana a lua a ivata, a preda a rupe, a sfasia a spune a gandi, a crede a arunca a îmbranci a calca a sustine a itelge a supara a se trezi a purta a tese a uda a castiga a se rasuci a frange, a smulge a scrie
the sun. the Danube.In realizarea superlativului: Exemplu: the best year.Articolul Definitie: . munti. the New York Times. etc): Exemplu: the Browns. the third.Inaintea unui substantiv care a mai fost mentionat in textul respectiv: Exemplu: A man knocked at the door and a girl opened it. fluvii. the most important. the fastest. the tallest . the star. Tipuri de articole: Articolul Hotarat . the Atlantic. the second.THE Articolul Nehotarat . hoteluri. . The man was her father. the air . the Red Sea.Inaintea numeralelor ordinale: Exemplu: the first. the earth. the youngest girl.A / AN Articolul zero (forma implicita sau neexprimata) Articolul hotarat THE: Cand folosim articolul hotarat? .Inaintea substantivelor care sunt unice: Exemplu: the moon. oceane. the Sahara . the National Theatre. the Marriott Grand Hotel. teatre. the crowd.Inaintea substantivelor care reprezinta nume de colectivitati si institutii: Exemplu: the army.Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume de locuri geografice. muzee. the twenty-first. the seventeenth . the Johns. ziare. the police.Inaintea unor nume proprii (nume de familie. the Thames. the Beatles .reprezinta un determinant substantival care contribuie la realizarea intelesului unui substantiv intr-o propozitie. the government. the parliament . mari etc: Exemplu: the Alps.
The reporter took an interview.Inaintea substantivelor abstracte. a university. . You speak English fluently.Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume proprii la singular: Exemplu: Paul is going to the school. an apple. orase si limba acestora: Exemple: France is a European country. u): Exemple: an elephant. a teacher. doar atunci cand este vorba despre un "h mut". an onion. .Inaintea unui substantiv concret cu functia de nume predicativ: Exemplu: She is a teacher. an honour . care indica nume de culori. an interview. a boy. Exemple: an hour.Articolul nehotarat A / AN Utilizam articolul nehotarat A: Inaintea substantivelor care incep cu o consoana: Exemple: a girl. an action Articolul nehotarat . i. arte. at school. doar atunci cand acestea se pronunta ca "you" Exemple: a European. Ronnie is an elephant.Inaintea substantivelor care indica nume de tari. . Articolul zero Nu folosim articol in urmatoarele situatii: . o.exceptii: .Folosim articolul nehotarat A inaintea unui substantiv care incepe cu litera "u" sau grupul de litere "eu". a family. Bucharest is the capital of Romania.Folosim articolul nehotarat AN inaintea unui substantiv care incepe cu litera "h". in church. a unit Cand folosim articolul nehotarat A/AN? . by train . e.In unele expresii invariabile: Exemplu: by car. a classroom Utilizam articolul nehotarat AN: Inaintea substantivelor care incep cu o vocala (a. stiinte.Inaintea unui substantiv concret nedeterminat si numarabil: Exemple: A boy entered into the classroom. materii etc: .
He teaches at ___ Theoretical Highschool from ___ Bucharest. There. . e) She watched ___ TV show 3. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul: ___ woman ___ unit ___ United States of America ___ Johnsons ___ elephant ___ beauty ___ hour ___ Thames 2. gold. truth. he decided to take ___ children to see ___ laboratory from another highschool.Exemplu: beauty. green. they made ___ experiment. One day. silver. Completati cu a / an / the acolo unde este cazul: Daniel is ___ teacher. He likes ___ Physics very much. mathematics. health. ___pupils like him very much. All ___ children considered ___ experiment ___ most interesting they have ever made. d) It was ___ excellent movie. b) ___ cat and ___ dog were in the kitchen. lunch. dinner. physics Exercitii 1. breakfast. Completati propozitiile din textul de mai jos cu a/an: a) ___ old woman laughed at him. c) I saw ___ elephant at the zoo.
31 32 33 34 ...000. eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four .. thirty-one thirty-two thirty-three thirty-four .000 twelve million ...... 153 one hundred and fifty-three 198 one hundred and ninety-eight 203 two hundred and three 405 four hundred and fifty 1...000 one million 12.....Numeralul cardinal 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 200 1000 10000 one two three four five six seven eight nine ten thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred two hundred one thousand ten thousand 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 .......000.....
.532 .se pune virgula dupa fiecare grup care indica miile Exemplu: 1..cifrele zecimale se citesc astfel: 2. .... . 30th thirtieth 40th fortieth ...mentionarea conjunctiei and este obligatorie inaintea grupului zecilor si unitatea finala Exemplu: 2.two point four eight three two Numeralul ordinal 1st first 2nd second 3rd third 4th fourth 5th fifth 6th sixth 7th seventh 8th eighth 9th ninth 10th tenth 11th eleventh 12th twelvth 13th thirteenth 14th fourteenth 15th fifteenth 16th sixteenth 17th seventeenth 18th eighteenth 19th nineteenth 20th twentieth 21st twenty-first 22nd twenty-second 23rd twenty-third ....222......4832 .351 ..521 thirteen million six hundred thirty-two thousand five hundred and twenty-one Atentie! ..se foloseste cratima intre numeralul zecilor si cel al unitatilor Exemple: 21 twenty-one...two thousand five hundred and thirty-two ..... ....13. primul al doilea al treilea ..... 99 ninety-nine .632.
d) 4 Iulie este ziua nationala a Americii. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele cifre: 123 1.Exercitii: 1. b) Am ajuns in Bucuresti pe data de 14 iunie. f) Sunt 14 elevi in aceasta clasa.450 58 33 1. e) Primul autobuz din parcare este al nostru. Scrieti in litere urmatoarele ore: 10:45 11:25 12:40 13:30 14:05 - . Traduceti in limba engleza: a) Ziua mea de nastere este pe data de 22 mai. 3.024 985 24 48 2. c) John este al patrulea elev din clasa.
ea It --.pe tine. iti. il. imi. i (complement indirect) . il (complement direct) her .pe el. dumneavoastra He --. Pronumele personal a) cu functie de subiect b) cu functie de complement a) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de subiect: I --. ii.tie. ma. lucruri.PRONUMELE: 1.pe mine. ei. i (complement indirect) . We like chocolate very much.voi. i (complement indirect) . o (complement direct) it . dumneata. ti. te. pe dumneata. dumneavoastra (complement indirect) .ei. ii. He lives near the school. animale We --. Do you like football? b) Forma pronumelui personal cu functie de complement: me . pe ea. dumneavoastra They --.lui.eu You --. mi (complement indirect) .noi You --.pe ea. ii.pe el.mie.el She --. dumitale.tu.el. o (complement direct) us .lui. ea (neutru). ele. dumnealor Exemple: I am a big girl. pe dumneavoastra (complement direct) him . m (complement direct) you . pentru nume de obiecte.ei.
ai tai. a sa. vi. insuti. i (complement direct) Exemple: I watch my brother playing tennis.acestea. ai sai (ai lui). alea Exemple: This is my brother. insene yourselves --.al sau. ne (complement direct) you . ala.acelea. 4. asta. insami yourself --. ai sai (ai ei). Give them a kiss from me! 2. ne. astea those --.al nostru.acela.va. Pronumele reflexive si de intarire myself --. a lor. dumneavoastra (complement indirect) .ma. ale sale (neutru) ours --. You gave me a nice gift. ale tale his --. 3. aceia. aia. a mea. a ta.al tau. insine. a voastra. asta that --. le. li (complement indirect) . ale sale (ale lui) hers --. We did ourselves all the exercises. Those are his parents.pe noi.al lor. ale voastre their --. insusi herself --. Pronumele posesive mine --. ale lor . insumi.se. ii.noua. ni (complement indirect) . a noastra. ale noastre yours --.pe voi. Pronumele demonstrativ this --.al sau (a ei). insisi.te. insati himself --. aceasta. ai nostri. ai vostri.al vostru.al meu.se.ne. pe dumneavoastra (complement direct) them .voua. ai mei. a sa (a ei). insesi Exemple: I found myself very smart. aia these --. va..se. insusi.se. insiva. insesi itself --. ai sai.pe ei. ale sale (ale ei) its own --. inseva themselves --. a sa (a lui). aceea. va.lor. acestia. astia.acesta. ai lor. ale mele yours --.al sau (a lui). insasi (neutru) ourselves --.
. careia. 6.care. 7.. Pronumele relativ who --.(pe) care dintre? Exemple: Whom did you see last Sunday? Whose shoes are those? What are you doing? Which do you like more? Exercitii: 1. John and Mary. but hers is older. There was no one in the room.al (a. lucruri. thing any + body. I found a cat that was lost. carora what --.care whom/who --. pe care. His car is old. ai. one. ceea ce which --. one. 5) We saw _______ in the snow.) that --. but yours is taller. bought another one last week. Tom.cine? whom? who? --.care?.ce. She didn't find anything in the fridge.pe cine? whose? --. ai.pe care whose --.Exemple: My brother is tall. Pronumele interogativ who? --. thing Exemple: I want something from you. lives in Bucharest. ale) carui. pe care (pt. 4) Help _______ with some fruit. I didn't like what I saw. can you lend me yours? 5.care Exemple: My brother. Pronumele nehotarat some + body. one. who is a doctor.ce? which? --. whose car was stolen. I lost my pencil. . thing no + body. obiecte . Completati propozitiile urmatoare cu forma corecta a pronumelui reflexiv: 1) I enjoyed _______ at the party 2) My father didn't buy the book for _______ 3) The dog cut _______ while running in the street.al (a. ale) cui? what? --.
that) 5) _______ is going with you at the theatre? (who.whom) . (which. (that. whose) 4) _______ are you doing? (whom. John or Steve? (which. Completati corect spatiile goale cu unul dintre pronumele din paranteze: 1) I saw Mr. It is _______ 2) That is his lamp. whose) 3) Puffy. what. It is _______ 3. Thompson _______ is John's father. who. is very lazy. who. It is _______ 3) These are our maps. They are _______ 4) Those are their shoes. Completati propozitiile de mai jos cu forma corecta a pronumelui posesiv: 1) This is my cat. which) 2) _______ did you meet last week. _______ is a big cat. They are _______ 5) This is her shirt. that. who.2.
Eu sunt You are (You're) .Eu am You have (You've) .Sunt eu? Are you? .Este el/ea? Are we? .VERBUL Verbul "TO BE" .Tu ai .a avea Forma afirmativa: I have (I've) .Voi nu sunteti They are not (They aren't) .Ei/Ele sunt Forma interogativa: Am I? .Voi sunteti They are (They're) .Suntem noi? Are you? .Sunteti voi? Are they? .Este el? Is she? .Eu nu sunt You are not (You aren't) .Ei/Ele nu sunt Verbul "TO HAVE" .Ea nu este It is not (It isn't) .El nu este She is not (She isn't) .Este ea? Is it? .a fi Forma afirmativa: I am (I'm) .El/Ea nu este We are not (We aren't) .Tu esti He is (He's) .El/Ea este We are (We're) .Noi nu suntem You are not (You aren't) .El este She is (She's) .Sunt ei/ele? Forma negativa: I am not (I'm not) .Ea este It is (It's) .Tu nu esti He is not (He isn't) .Esti tu? Is he? .Noi suntem You are (You're) .
Avem noi? Have you? .Eu nu am You have not (You haven't) .Faci tu? .Am eu? Have you? .Ea face It does .Voi nu aveti They have not (They haven't) .El/Ea nu are We have not (We haven't) .Aveti voi? Have they? .He has (He's) .Are ea? Has it? .El/Ea face We do .El face She does .Ea nu are It has not (It hasn't) .Voi faceti They do .Voi aveti They have (They've) .El are She has (She's) .Ei/Ele fac Forma interogativa: Do I? .Fac eu? Do you? .Ei/Ele nu au Verbul "TO DO" .Ei/Ele au Forma interogativa: Have I? .El/Ea are We have (We've) .Ea are It has (It's) .Tu faci He does .Tu nu ai He has not (He hasn't) .Eu fac You do .Ai tu? Has he? .Noi nu avem You have not (You haven't) .Noi facem You do .Are el/ea? Have we? .Are el? Has she? .a face Forma afirmativa: I do .Noi avem You have (You've) .El nu are She has not (She hasn't) .Au ei/ele? Forma negativa: I have not (I haven't) .
6.Face ea? Does it? . Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. _______ they your colleagues? 4. Noi avem 2 buchete de flori.Eu nu fac You do not (You don't) .Noi nu facem You do not (You don't) .Faceti voi? Do they? . 2. 5 El are un mar si doua portocale. Tu esti in casa cu tatal tau.Tu nu faci He does not (He doesn't) .Facem noi? Do you? .Does he? . Completati spatiile goale cu forma interogativa a verbului TO BE: 1. She _______ in the bathroom. Voi sunteti in clasa a patra. Ea este in curtea scolii cu prietena ei. 3. _______ you a good friend? 2. 2.Voi nu faceti They do not (They don't) .Face el/ea? Do we? .Ea nu face It does not (It doesn't) . _______ he your father? 3. Eu am 12 ani.El nu face She does not (She doesn't) . We _______ in the restaurant. Completati spatiile goale cu forma corecta a verbului TO BE: a) Forma afirmativa: I _______ in the classroom.Ei/Ele nu fac Exercitii: 1. He _______ in the garden. 4. _______ we in the courtyard? . _______ she in the living room? 5.Face el? Does she? .Fac ei/ele? Forma negativa: I do not (I don't) . They _______ in the house b) Forma negativa: You _______ in the office.El/Ea nu face We do not (We don't) . 3.
Substantive comune 2. Italy. woman. Mary. Tipuri de substantive 1. Genul substantivelor 1. notebook.obiecte (lucruri): pencil. car. Genul neutru (nume de lucruri.nume de ape: Mississippi. doctor.nume de tari: France. medicine.Substantivul: A. Venice . Sawyer. nurse . grandmother. dog. obiecte si animale. Exemple: . Genul masculin (care se inlocuiesc cu pronumele personal he) Exemple: man. boy 2. butterfly. Croatia . Paris. ape etc. nume de munti.nume de munti: Alps. sister. Substantive proprii 1. girl. Helen . mother. health 2. John. 3. Numarul substantivelor Substantivele pot fi la singular sau la plural. teacher. Genul feminin (care se inlocuiesc cu pronumele personal she) Exemple: woman. actress.fiinte: man. pencil. Everest . school.nume de familie si prenume: Ewing. brother. Brown. Substantivele proprii desemneaza nume de familie si prenume. Exemple: . doctor. pupil. father. power. se inlocuiesc cu pronumele personal it) Exemple: cat.nume de orase: Bucharest. tari. driver. hotel. shop. Himalaya. C. . car. Substantivele comune desemneaza fiinte (oameni si animale) si obiecte / lucruri. orase. Danube. Thames B.
-ch. -sh) Exemple: a bus ---> two buses a fax ---> two faxes a church ---> two churches Atentie: a tomato ---> two tomatoes a potato ---> two potatoes dar radio ---> radios photo ---> photos c) pluralul cu "-ies" (pentru substantivele care au terminatia in -y) Exemple: lady ---> ladies baby ---> babies fly ---> flies dar: day ---> days boy ---> boys Reguli: .pentru substantivele care se termina in y precedat de o consoana.pentru substantivele care se termina in y precedat de o vocala. pluralul se va face in -ies .Formarea pluralului: a) pluralul cu "-s" Exemple: a dog ---> two dogs a school ---> two schools a car ---> two cars a book ---> two books b) pluralul cu "-es" (pentru substantivele care au terminatia in -s. -z. pluralul se va face in -s d) pluralul cu "-ves" (pentru substantivele care au terminatia in -f sau -fe) Exemple: leaf ---> leaves . -x.
calf ---> calves shelf ---> shelves wife ---> wives wolf ---> wolves Exceptii: chief ---> chiefs proof ---> proofs belief ---> beliefs e) pluralele neregulate Exemple: child ---> children man ---> men woman ---> women foot ---> feet goose ---> geese mouse ---> mice tooth ---> teeth f) substantive invariabile care nu primesc "-s" Exemple: deer (cerb) duck (rata) sheep (oaie) trout (pastrav) fish (peste) fruit (fructe) g) substantivele cu sens colectiv care nu au forma de plural Exemple: advice (sfat) baggage (bagaj) luggage (bagaje) information (informatii) furniture (mobila) people (oameni) crowd (multime) police (politie) h) pluralul substantivelor proprii Exemple: .
exercise. Alcatuiti cat mai multe substantive compuse cu ajutorul urmatoarelor cuvinte: dining. grand. board. note. living. girl. school. garden. mate. parents. . father. Alcatuiti pluralul urmatoarelor substantive: table ---> clock ---> leaf ---> gentleman ---> baby ---> tooth ---> friend ---> city ---> life ---> chief ---> 2. boy. bird. Substantive compuse Exemple: classroom schoolboy schoolgirl blackboard dining-room breakfast Exercitii: 1. black. class.the Browns the Johnsons the Thompsons D. kinder. book. Inlocuiti substantivele urmatoare cu pronumele personal potrivit: the girl --the dog --the actor --the schoolboy --the pencil --the grandmother --3. room.
those (acei. expensive. nice. ugly etc. great. Exemple: beautiful. acele) Exemple: This man is a doctor. Tipuri de adjective • opinion adjectives (adjective de opinie): descriu ceea ce credem despre cineva sau ceva. green. long. cheap.ADJECTIVUL: Adjectivele in limba engleza au urmatoarele caracteristici: a) nu variaza dupa gen si numar b) se aseaza inaintea substantivelor Exemplu: a good cake ---> good cakes A. Those boys are playing in the scoolyard. acea) • plural: . • fact adjectives (adjective de fapt): descriu ceea ce fiintele sau obiectele determinate sunt cu adevarat Exemple: short. .these (acesti. Forme: • singular: .that (acel. aceasta) . Adjectivul demonstrativ Desemneaza fiinte sau lucruri pe care le aratam precizand in acelasi timp apropierea sau departarea in timp sau spatiu. These children are small. round etc. large. aceste) . That girl is a pupil. ! Adjectivele de opinie stau inaintea adjectivelor de fapt B.this (acest.
your (vostru. That is our shop. nostri. Those are your books.my (meu.his (lui. ei. mei. sau. sa. noastre) . voastra. sai. sau. ta. sai. tale) . vostri. sa. mea. sa.her (ei.your (tau. sale) . tai.their (lor) Exemple: This is my house. voastre) . It is his car. sau. mele) . noastra. sale) . Adjectivul posesiv Desemneaza raportul de posesie dintre un posesor si ceea ce acesta poseda: Forme: • singular: . sale) • plural: .C.its (lui. . sai.our (nostru.
. acestea sunt precedate de adverbul "more" Exemple: tall ---> taller (inalt ---> mai inalt) slim ---> slimmer (slab ---> mai slab) fast ---> faster (rapid ---> mai rapid) big ---> bigger (man ---> mai mare) beautiful ---> more beautiful (frumos ---> mai frumos) interesting ---> more interesting interesant ---> mai interesant difficult ---> more difficult dificil ---> mai dificil .pentru adjective lungi. as" (nu atat de / nu la fel de) "not so ... Comparativul adjectivelor a) Comparativul de egalitate / inferioritate: "as .pentru adjective scurte (monosilabice) se adauga terminatia "-er" la finalul adjectivului respectiv . as" (tot atat de / la fel de) "not as ... b) Comparativ de superioritate: .D.. He is not as tall as his brother. as" (nu atat de / nu la fel de) Exemple: She is as pretty as her mother.
.........pentru adjective lungi... f) Acestea sunt caietele noastre....... e) Acela este cainele ei....... acestea vor fi precedate de "the most" Exemple: the tallest (cel mai inalt) the slimmest (cel mai slab) the fastest (cel mai rapid) the biggest (cel mai mare) the most beautiful (cel mai frumos) the most interesting (cel mai interesant) the most difficult (cel mai dificil) F..pentru adjective scurte (monosilabice) se adauga terminatia "-est" la adjectivul precedat de "the" ... la gradul de comparatie indicat: Adjectiv bad fast good cheap beautiful thin fat ComparativSuperlativ worse ...E. ........ the cheapest .. Traduceti in limba engleza urmatoarele propozitii: a) Aceasta masina este rosie... cu forma corecta a adjectivelor..... faster . Superlativul adjectivelor ... Completati spatiile libere de mai jos.... Comparative si superlative neregulate bad worse the worst good better the best far farther (further) the farthest (the furthest) much more the most old older (elder) the oldest (the eldest) Exercitii: 1................... .... the most beautiful thinner . d) Aceasta este clasa mea............ b) Acele fete sunt in clasa intai........... better .................... c) Acei barbati sunt doctori..... 2.... the fattest rau bun indepartat mult batran .....
3. Potriviti adjectivele la substantivele respective: cold nice beautiful long delicious traditional blouse hair weather girl dance food .
everywhere. Adverbe de probabilitate . Exemple: beautiful ---> beautifully sad ---> sadly capable ---> capably slow ---> slowly easy ---> easily B. Adverbe de mod . seldom. never G.arata gradul de intensitate al unei actiuni Exemple: extremely. downstairs. shortly.arata modul in care se petrece o actiune Mod de formare: . hugely. inside C. still D. now. constantly. finally. totally. later. entirely F. greatly. Monday. Saturday.Adverbe A. rarely. yesterday. almost. partially. Adverbe de frecventa .arata locul in care se petrece o actiune Exemple: here. just. very. Adverbe de comparatie . there.arata timpul in care se petrece o actiune Exemple: today.arata gradul de repetabilitate al unei actiuni Exemple: always. regularly. outside. often. strongly.arata perioada de timp a unei actiuni Exemple: forever. aceste adverbe se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ly la finalul unui adjective. occasionally.de obicei. soon. tomorrow. sometimes. Adverbe de timp . anywhere. Adverbe de loc . long. permanently E.arata gradul de probabilitate a unei actiuni . rarely. perfectly. Adverbe de durata . upstairs.
.. d) She was walking rapid / rapidly. c) loudly 2... . a) louder..... maybe... e) Sam is fluent / fluently in French.. c) Final / Finally....... a) I / eat / cake / afternoon.... (25%) b) Tim / sleep / living . go on picnics on weekends. perhaps... Subliniati termenul corect din urmatoarele propozitii: a) Denisa was wearing a pretty / prettily dress at the wedding..room (50%) c) I / go / school / Sunday (0%) d) Dennis / play / tennis / weekends (100%) e) She / run / park / morning (10%) 2. realizati propozitiile de mai jos.. b) I had a terrible / terribly dream last night.. Please don't talk so ... I'm trying to sleep. We . conform modelului. b) loudest. We love fresh air. never ---> 0% rarely ---> 10% sometimes ---> 25% often ---> 50% usually ---> 75% always ---> 100% Exemplu: Sam / have / shower / evening (75%) Sam usually has shower in the evening..... Cunoscand urmatoarele procente corespunzatoare adverbelor de frecventa....... .Exemple: certainly. possibly. Transformati urmatoarele adjective in adverbe: horrible ---> careful ---> nervous ---> desperate ---> slow ---> sudden ---> bright ---> proud ---> 3. definitely Exercitii: 1. 4) Alegeti varianta corecta: 1. she passed the exam. f) Was your grammar test easy / easily? g) They were talking loud / loudly so everybody could hear them..
.. The bouquet was ....a) never. James ...... . c) seldom 3... 4. b) more carefully. put the broken glass into the rubbish bin......... c) carefully Prepozitia ... a) careful....... b) usually..... c) ugly.... b) beautifully. She loved it.. a) beautiful...
Exemplu: Someone is at the door.A. on .folosim "at" pentru a arata un anumit loc sau o anumita pozitie. Prepozitii de miscare . on.folosim "on" pentru a arata pozitia pe o suprafata verticala sau orizontala. Prepozitii de loc . through . through. across to . Exemplu: She flew across the sea. Exemplu: The dog is on the roof. down. Exemplu: I went to Chicago two years ago. .utilizam "through" pentru a sugera deplasarea dintr-o parte in alta a unui spatiu inchis.arata locul in care se situeaza obiectele definite Exemple: at. into B. Exemplu: The cars went through the tunnel. over. in at .utilizam "to" pentru a arata deplasarea catre o destinatie anume.utilizam "across" pentru a sugera miscarea dintr-o parte in alta a unei suprafete. across . Alte prepozitii de miscare: along.folosim "in" pentru a arata ca un anumit obiect este imprejmuit sau inchis. round. off.arata miscarea Exemple: to. in .
. Completati cu prepozitia corecta: of. on. Her birthday is on 23rd of October. throughout Exercitii: 1. in. during. 6) She's been waiting ______ me for about four hours. on. to. 2) The queen ______ England wanted to wear golden dress at her wedding. beside. below. in at .pentru a arata timpul exact. Exemplu: She left at 7. luna. above. Prepozitii de timp . in . 3) I went ______ Brussels last week. in front of. under. between.m. next to. at. behind. by. 5) We walked ______ the banks of River Seine. for. among. Alte prepozitii de timp: after. along 1) His t-shirt has a picture ______ it.pentru anumite date sau zile Exemple: She arrived on Monday.pentru o perioada de timp nespecificata.00 a. by.pentru a specifica timpul unei actiuni Exemple: at. I left Romania in 1989. with. over. Exemple: It is very cold in Winter.Exemplu: The parrot is in the cage. necunoscuta din timpul unui an. on . C. zi. Alte prepozitii de loc: after. anotimp. 4) She spent the afternoon ______ her friends. 7) What's the weather like ______ Paris? 8) She was ______ the cinema last evening. for. since.
3) Philip always plays tennis ____ the afternoon. 2) Statuia este in fata stadionului. 5) We got ____ the first train to Sibiu. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1) Mihaela a plecat la munte la ora 8 dimineata. Completati spatiile libere cu prepozitia corecta: in.2. 6) Romania is ____ Europe. on. 3. 5) Lui Philip ii place sa zboare deasupra oceanului. 4) Trenul a trecut prin tunel foarte rapid. PREZENTUL SIMPLU . 7) You are going ____ a city tour tomorrow. at. 2) We are staying ____ a nice hotel. 4) They where very close ____ their cat. to 1) They live ____ Dubai. 3) In spatele operei se afla un hotel.
-ch. She lives in Bucharest. 3.III. B. 2. 3. -x. Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei „-s" sau „-es" la afirmativ pentru persoana a III-a singular ! La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia „-s" la persoana a III-a singular la afirmativ Exemple: I talk – He talks I work – He works I sleep – He sleeps ! Verbelelor care se termina in –ss. 2. -sh. I go to school every day. He reads a book every month. -o li se adauga terminatia „-es" Exemple: I kiss – He kisses I wish – He wishes I catch – He catches I mix – He mixes . sg.) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv Exemple: 1.A. He doesn't read a book every month. sg.III. She doesn't live in Bucharest. Do you go to school every day? 2. Does she live in Bucharest? Negativ: Subiect + do / does (pers. Interogativ: Do / Does (pers. Mod de formare Afirmativ: Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv (la persoana a III-a singular se adauga terminatia „-s" sau „-es") Exemple: 1. Does he read a book every month? 3.) + not + Verbul la infinitiv Se folosesc adesea contractiile don't (do + not) si doesn't (does + not) Exemple: 1. I don't go to school every day.
se inlocuieste litera y cu litera i. they go to the seaside. iar apoi se adauga terminatia „-es" Exemple: I fly – He flies I study – He studies I cry – He cries ! La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o vocala. se adauga terminatia „-s" Exemple: I pay – He pays I stay – He stays I play – He plays C. . I have Maths Friday at 11. • situatii emotionale Exemple: I love my girlfriend very much. saptamanale.15 on Monday. lunare. Water boils at 100°C. I work as a manager.I go – He goes ! La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o consoana. • a exprima actiuni care respecta un anumit program Exemple: The bus for Bucharest lives at 12. We have breakfast at 7. In the summer. He hates cats.30 every morning. anuale Exemple: I go to the mountains every month. • situatii permanente Exemplu: He lives in Paris.30. • obiceiuri. hobby-uri Exemple: She plays tennis in her free time. Folosim Prezentul Simplu pentru: • activitati zilnice. • adevaruri generale Exemple: The earth moves around the sun.
(He) 4. In the evening we play Monopoly. 4. Puneti propozitiile urmatoare la persoana a III-a singular. You wake up at 7 o'oclock.D. 5. 7. (She) 5. (My brother) 9. always. Exemple: 1. Smith teaches English. (Mark) 2. (John) 3.. We drink coffee every morning. 2. He goes to the gim every day. (Paul) 6. He sometimes goes shopping. 3. We usually play in the park. They like their jobs very much. Mr. I go to school by bus. He lives in Bucharest. 3. She watches TV every evening. (My mother) 10. 8. She usually studies hard for her exams. Consultati mai intai exemplul: Exemplu: They live in Craiova. 7. Your father repairs the car every month. 4. 6. . 10. never. I fly from Bucharest to Rome every week. 6. You cook every Saturday. You always wash the dishes. We go to the dentist every year. We study hard for our exams. I always do my homework. 9. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Simplu: every day/ week/ month/ year etc. You wear an uniform at school. (Tom) 8. (He) He lives in Craiova. (Angela) 7. in the morning/evening/night etc. We watch TV every afternoon. sometimes. 2. (Mary) 2. She never go to school by bus. every morning/ evening/ afternoon/ night. I often play pool with my friends. You like pizza and hamburgers. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii: Exemplu: You like swimming. 5. Exercitii: 1. usually. too. Do you like swimming? 1. often. I play football every week. My father drives very well. 8. My neighbour works as an engineer. I want a new car. 1.
Folositi forma negativa pentru propozitiile urmatoare. (always) I always have lunch at 12 o'clock. You study French. My mother likes to go shopping. He doesn't speak French. (plane) 9. They read newspapers. (tennis) 4. (Paul) 6. 3. Julia washes the dishes. folosind cuvintele din paranteze. la fel ca in exemplul de mai jos: Exemplu: I like Maths. We have breakfast early in the morning. (usually) 2. Me and my brother play on the computer. but they do. (she) 5. I don't play football. He goes to bed very early every evening. (theatre) 3. You don't travel by plane. We drink tea. (coffee) 10. We play football on Sundays. John doesn't read the newspaper every day. (they) He doesn't speak French. (I) 2. I go to the cinema every week. 1. (books) 4. Mr. (my best friend) 7. He doesn't want to go to the seaside. (John) I watch TV every evening. but John doesn't. (they) 4. (never) . She plays chess every day. (sometimes) 3. (her sister) 5. Brown works in an office. (we) 9. (Michael) 8. Mary writes postcards. but I don't like Physics 1. (I) 10. 1.9. She doesn't swim. Dan and John travel by train. (his girlfriend) 3. I go to the cinema. I go out with a stranger. He drives a car. (rugby) 7. 10. (a lorry) 8. Mary pays her bills every month. I like football. Adauga propozitiilor de mai jos adverbele din paranteze: Exemplu: I have lunch at 12 o'clock. My sister gets up at 10 o'clock. Formulati propozitii folosind conjunctia but: Exemple: I watch TV every evening. (at home) 6. (English) 5. (Physics) I like Maths. (letters) 2.
(often) 6. (always) 10. He goes to school by bus.4. Mother washes the dishes in the evening. I read the newspaper in the evening. (always) 5. (never) 7. In the morning I play on the computer. I eat a hamburger in the morning. (often) PREZENTUL CONTINUU: . (sometimes) 9. She listens to music in the evening. They go skiing in the winter. (usually) 8.
Am I writing an article now? 2. Mod de formare Afirmativ: Subiect + to be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Exemple: 1. 3. Interogativ: To be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Exemple: 1. 3.learning send .sending wash .cooking learn . They aren't playing football. She is having lunch at this moment.drawing cook . I'm writing an article now. Are they playing football? 3. They are playing football.singing go .going draw . She isn't having lunch at this moment B. 2. I'm not writing an article now. Is she having lunch at this moment? Negativ: Subiect + to be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + not + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Se folosesc adesea contractiile isn't (is + not) si aren't (are + not) Exemple: 1. 2.A.washing . Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei „-s" sau „-es" la afirmativ pentru persoana a III-a singular ! La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia „-ing" fara nici o modificare: Exemple: play – playing try – trying drink – drinking sing .
at this moment. • a vorbi despre o intalnire sau despre un aranjament din viitorul apropiat Exemple: He is flying to New York next week. these days. Paul is repairing his car now. 4. I'm meeting Susan next Sunday.! La verbele care se termina in litera e precedata de o consoana. Exercitii: 1. They are going to the basketball game this week. Folosim Prezentul Continuu pentru: • activitati care se petrec in momentul vorbirii Exemple: She is watching TV now. 2. incluzand si momentul vorbirii Exemple: John is studying Maths for his exam. 6. this week. He is working hard for a project these days. Exemple: 1. D. se renunta la litera e si se adauga terminatia "-ing" Exemple: make – making come – coming leave – leaving ! La verbele formate dintr-o singura silaba (monosilabice) care se termina intr-o consoana precedata de o vocala. My brother is writing a book. se dubleaza consoana si apoi se adauga terminatia "-ing" Exemple: get – getting sit – sitting hit – hitting C. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Prezentul Continuu: Exemplu: . • actiuni care se desfasoara pe o perioada mai mare de timp. I'm watching TV tonight. 3. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Continuu: now. 5. I'm writing a letter today. today. I'm having lunch at this moment. tonight etc. Mother is washing the dishes at this moment.
Your sister is doing her homeworks. We (organize) a study trip this week. What (do) mother in the kitchen? 4. 1. Jim is not playing basketball. We are riding by bycicle to school. Mother is washing dishes. 2. At this moment. (do my homeworks) 9. (eat a mouse) 5. 6. 2. 5. (watch TV) No. 8. I am sending a postcard in France now. (play voleyball on the beach) 8. My brother is learning English now. Everybody (wear) blue T-shirts today. This week. 9. Corectati afirmatiile false ca in exemplul urmator: Exemplu: Jim is playing basketball. My family is planning a trip to Maldive Islands these days. (go by bus) 3. 10. You are watching a horror movie. 5. My friends (travel) to Egypt this week. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii: Exemplu: I am having lunch at this moment. 3. in Bucharest. I am making an apple-pie now. 1. It is raining today. Our colleagues (plan) a surprise party for John's birthday these days. 6. I am taking some photos for my album. They are decorating the Christmas tree. You are drinking Coke Cola now. We are playing cards. 2. The cat is climbing the tree now. (iron) 2. you (go) to the theatre with your geography teacher. it (rain). 7. All my colleagues are working hard for their final exams these days. Diana is playing with Tim now. (read a book) 6. 3. We are serving breakfast.Diana (play) with Tim now. (study French) 3. My brother is reading a newspaper. I (meet) with my best friend at the cinema tonight. . Jim is watching TV. I (listen) to classic music at this moment. 4. My father (work) in the garage now. (snow) 10. Joana is swimming in the pool. (plan their holiday) 4. 9. (drink a coffee) 7. 10. Am I having lunch at this moment? 1. 8. Mother is cooking at this moment. 7. Father is sleeping in the bedroom.
.. a) go..... c) rain 10.... He is comeing tonight to see me... 5. 9...... They are leaveing Bucharest tomorrow evening.. b) give. You aren't plaing with kids.... c) give 5... 10. 3... My brother isn't writeing poems..... a movie in the dining-room... c) eat 9..... I . a) read. We ..... 7.. brightly...... a) look..... You . c) spend 8................. Mary is comeing from Italy today... c) look 7. c) put 6. a novel to your little brother...... a) create.4.. basketball in the schoolyard.. They . c) eat 3.... a) show. we . c) read 5. a) watch.. Are you flyng to New York next week? ... The poet ..... She is haveing lunch at this moment. My friends and I .. my homeworks at Maths.... c) ski 2. b) prepare........... 6.. b) play. a) do... He is geting off the bus at the first station.... Corectati forma gresita a verbului: 1.... b) create. on a picnic without me. Alegeti varianta corecta la Prezentul Continuu: 1.... some flowers in the garden. 2... We are siting in the living-room.. c) travel 4.. a) play... b) play.. b) shine. ... b) make........ after my lost cat... b) watch...... The sun ..... b) water.. I am makeing an apple-pie... 4... I . a poem about love at this moment.... to the cinema tonight? a) go. My friends .. 8... a) read. b) search.
I Exemple: 1. We played in the park yesterday. 3. Did he go to a football game last week? 3. He went to a football game last week. 3. We didn't play in the park yesterday.II (terminatia "-ed" pentru verbele regulate) Exemple: 1. Diana went in Belgium 3 years ago. We bought a new washing machine 2 weeks ago. 2. I didn't write a book last year. C. He didn't go to a football game last week. B. I left Bucharest in april 1994. .TRECUTUL SIMPLU A.I? Exemple: 1. 2 days ago. Folosim Trecutul Simplu pentru: • activitati terminate care s-au petrecut in trecut Exemple: She was in France 2 years ago. Did you play in the park yesterday? Negativ: Subiect + didn't + Vb. last year. at this time yesterday. Interogativ: Did + Subiect + Vb. the day before yesterday Exemple: 1. 2. 2 months ago. Mod de formare Afirmativ: Subiect + Vb. • actiuni incheiate care s-au petrecut la un moment determinat in trecut Exemple: They were in England in 1981. Did you write a book last year? 2. last week. I wrote a book last year. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Trecutul Simplu: yesterday.
2. 10. 6. about her exams. I travelled abroad 2 days ago. Yesterday I visited Mr. (Mrs Smith) 5. 3. precum in exemplu: Exemplu: I leave school at 2 o'clock yesterday. (in the afternoon) 8. 4. 6. I (do not enjoy) the movie from last night. I make a beautiful snowman in front of the house. Scrieti forma corecta a verbului din paranteza la Trecutul Simplu: 1. Paul taught English and French 3 months ago. 5. . My family buy a new car 3 months ago. Two days ago. I listened a football game on the radio. I read a very interesting novel yesterday evening. She left town the day before yesterday. 2. 5. Exercitii: 1. (bicycle) 3. Mike repaired his car. 8. Folositi cuvintele din paranteze pentru a realiza propozitii negative precum in exemplu: Exemplu: Mary liked the apple pie. (1 month ago) 4. I (prepare) my luggage yesterday.m. (in the garden) 2. Last Monday. 4. you (live) in the countryside. I played in the schoolyard. (music) 6. Peterson. 1. 5. My mother (wash) many clothes yesterday evening. During lunch. 2. I left school at 2 o'clock yesterday. 3. (last week) 10. 9. You called me at 10 o'clock a. (the soup) Mary liked the apple pie. When you were young. My friend went to the mountain. Last winter. You received a computer on your birthday. I (watch) a horror movie yesterday evening.2. Mary (play) in the garden with her dog yesterday morning. John write to his mother a letter. Mary (talk) a lot during the French lesson. I was having lunch at this time yesterday. (to the seaside) 3. It rained 2 days ago. I arrived at home early in the morning. (12 o'clock) 7. I (be) at school when you called me. 4. Treceti la Trecutul Simplu verbele neregulate de mai jos. but she didn't like the soup. They played football 2 hours ago. 1. (a car) 9. 3. 7. I (solve) the Math problem very quickly. Mary speak with her English teacher last week. John (go) with his mother at the doctor. I eat a delicious soup at the restaurant 2 days ago.
Mrs. He run 4. Raspundeti la urmatoarele intrebari conform precizarilor din paranteze (vezi exemplu) Exemplu: When did she leave Bucharest? (2 years ago) She left Bucharest 2 years ago. I sleep 2. Tim become a doctor. Who was Mihai Eminescu? (a Romanian poet) 10. When did you read this book? (3 weeks ago) 3. He plays 3. When was he born? (in 1973) TRECUTUL CONTINUU: . When did they divorce? (4 years ago) 8. He doesn't feel 7. You give your sister a necklace for her birthday. You speak 5. 1. 9. Last year. Where did you sleep last night? (at Cathy's) 2.He catches 9. When did she study French (2 years ago) 6.7. Where did you meet your friends? (in the park) 5. 8. You wake up 10. When did you find out about Susan's problems? (last Monday) 4. How did she die? (in a train accident) 9. Treceti urmatoarele verbe la Trecutul Simplu: Exemple: I see I saw I watch I watched 1. I meet 8. Thompson teach Spanish and English every Monday and Wednesday. They don't read 6. 4. 10. They leave 5. Father come from the office late at noon. Where did he work last year (in a bank) 7.
They were listening music at this time last Saturday. I wasn't learning a poem at this time yesterday.They weren't mending the radio at this time yesterday. Mod de formare Afirmativ: Subiect + was (pers. C..I/III sg) / Were (restul pers.They were mending the radio at this time yesterday.. for ...I/III sg) / were (restul pers. to . 3. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Trecutul Continuu: at this time yesterday.) + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Exemple: 1. 2. Oh. Interogativ: Was (pers. from . You were watering the flowers at this time yesterday..) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Exemple: 1. she was asking questions all the time. I was learning a poem at this time yesterday. B.A.. • a exprima o actiune repetata de-a lungul unei perioade de timp Exemple: Did she ask any questions? Oh. 2. Were you watering the flowers at this time yesterday? 3. all day. You weren't watering the flowers at this time yesterday. Were they mending the radio at this time yesterday? Negativ: Subiect + was (pers..) + not + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Se folosesc adesea contractiile wasn't (was + not) si weren't (were + not) Exemple: 1. he was buying sweets all the time. Did he buy any sweets?.I/III sg) / were (restul pers. 3. Was I learning a poem at this time yesterday? 2. Folosim Trecutul Continuu pentru: • a exprima o actiune in desfasurare ce a avut loc in trecut Exemple: She was playing in her room at this time yesterday. Exemple: .
She was playing quitar from 6 to 8 o'clock. (water flowers) 3. My mother was in the kitchen. 1. 4. Aunt Mary and uncle John were in the garage. 4. Andreea / write her homework. George / read the math lesson. 4. 1. Their friends were at the disco. Ieri dimineata.m. We were reading Shakespeare at this time yesterday. (watch) Father was watching TV. 1. Daniel was in the garden. She was singing for 2 hours yesterday. Treceti verbele din paranteze la Trecutul Continuu: Exemplu: She (sing) for 2 hours yesterday. (dance) 5. Timothy is painting the wall now.m. too. Exercitii: 1. Spune ce facea fiecare cand a intrat profesorul. 2. (sleep) 4. Exemplu: Ana and Mary / clean the blackboard. The boys are trying to fix a bicycle now. (cook) 2. 4. Treceti verbele la Trecutul Continuu: Exemplu: We are reading Shakespeare now. 2. Spune ce facea fiecare pe vremea aceasta.1. Grandma was in the bedroom. 5. Christian / talk to his deskmate. Diana and Helen / look at some exercises. Victor / repeat some geometry formulas. yesterday. Students are learning new Spanish words now. Ana and Mary were cleaning the blackboard. 5. martea trecuta: Exemplu: Father was in the living-room. Tom was typing some letters at this time yesterday . She was living in an old building for 6 years. 3. Granpa and Grandma are watching a movie now. 2. 3. 1. 3. Tom (practice) in the language lab from 1 p. They were laughing all day. 3. . to 3 p. (repair car) 2. toti elevii din clasa a sasea erau in clasa si se pregateau pentru testul de la matematica. Father is fixing the car in the garage.
5. I was working in a restaurant in the centre of the city. My friends (watch) TV for 6 hours yesterday. Exemplu: I (work) in a restaurant in the centre of the city. to 11 a. I (live) in an old building.m. 5. Treceti verbele din paranteze la Trecutul Continuu. I (work) on Saturdays twice a month. 4. 1. 4. Mother (visit) me twice a week. I (share) my room with 2 girls. 3. PREZENTUL PERFECT SIMPLU: . Aceste verbe exprima o actiune trecuta care a avut loc o perioada mai lunga de timp. From 3 to 5 I (play) tennis yesterday afternoon.. Pupils (study) Spanish from 9 a. and he (work) in the same restaurant with me. Tom.2. 2. I had a very good friend.m. 3. Mother (cook) all day yesterday. 5.
Interogativ: Have / has (pers. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Perfect Simplu: already. They have finished their homeworks.) + vb. just. a III-a sg. 3. I have washed her blouse. Have we learnt our English lesson? Negativ: Subiect + have/has (pers. I haven't washed her blouse. He hasn't written his homework. la forma a III-a Exemple: 1. We have started classes for 3 hours. Mod de formare Afirmativ: Subiect + have / has (pers. • a exprima o actiune inceputa in trecut care se continua si in prezent. We haven't learnt our English lesson. efectele actiunii se resimt si in prezent Exemple: I have lived here since 1994. a III-a sg.) + not + vb. dar nu se cunoaste cu exactitate momentul incheierii acesteia Exemple: I have cooked a delicious steak. 2. Have I washed her blouse? 2. la forma a III-a Exemple: 1. 3.A. a III-a sg. He has already finished his classes. yet Exemple: 1. C. Has he written his homework? 3. .) + Subiect + vb. We have learnt our English lesson. He has written his homework. la forma a III-a Se folosesc adesea contractiile haven't (have + not) si hasn't (has + not) Exemple: 1. Folosim Prezentul Perfect Simplu pentru: • a exprima o actiune incheiata de curand. 2. B.
....... 3. I haven't had any Math problems up to now. We .. so far....... 2.... 3..... ca in exemplele de mai jos: Exemple: I .... Exercitii: 1. (just) I have just arrived home.. paint .... I've had my own car for four years..... 5. do . They haven't written the exercise yet.. my car.. ever and before Exemplu: Have you ever heard this song before? for and since Exemple: 1. their homeworks. (see) ... (write) .. Tom has just spoken on the phone with Mary...... to cry. 1... 4. 3. She has been ill since yesterday....... I .... Construieste propozitii la timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu......... 2... to the theatre... arrive .. (leave) .. Until now. home.. home. Father .. (yet) They haven't done their homeworks yet.......... I have often travelled by car to the countryside.......... 2.. Tom has just written his homework. I have never heard such a thing.. (arrive) .... 2. until now.. (never) He has never painted this picture. They ... .. often Exemple: 1.. So far.. (fix) .. ever.... Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Simplu. Have you ever read this news? 3.. never.2...... 2... his homework............. up to now Exemple: 1... this picture... ca in exemplul de mai jos: Exemplu: Tom ... I haven't heard about this English singer.... They ...... He .. cu ajutorul expresiilor din paranteza........... (begin) ......... he hasn't complained about his wage.... our Math teacher... He ...
.... watch .. Have you ever drunk whisky? (never) 4. (see) . (see) This is the most beautiful girl I have ever seen...... Has he ever spoken to his cousin before? (never) 2... 1......... ca in exemplele de mai jos: Exemple: Have you ever heard this song before? (never) We have never heard this song before. Pupils ........ folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu: Exemplu: This is the most beautiful girl I . Has she ever skated before? (often) 5....... (never) 5.. This is the biggest mall they .. These are the most attractive souvenirs they .... (see) 2. This is the best book she . 1. (read) 3... miss ... Have you ever eaten this food before? (often) We have often eaten this food.. (visit) 4. wash the dishes 5...... You ........ 1... Completeaza urmatoarele propozitii ca in exemplul de mai jos........ cook . (often) 3..... Mary ...... send the letter 4....... to your mother..... the English class. (buy) 5. (already) 2... the soup. close .. Raspunde la urmatoarele intrebari folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu... buy the buster 3. clean the bathroom 5.... Have you ever lied to your mother? (never) 4.. Those are the most wonderful monuments they ... have breakfast 2...................... (never) 4....... We ... Construieste intrebari si raspunsuri ca in exemplul de mai jos: Exemplu: drive the car Have you driven the car yet? I'm afraid I haven't driven it yet.. (just) 3.... TV.. Have they ever played football? (often) 3............1. lie .. John and Tom ..... this window. That is the most interesting movie he .
a III-a sg. Interogativ: Have / has (pers. • a descrie stari sau sentimente care au inceput in trecut si au continuat de-a lungul unei perioade de timp si sunt inca prezente in momentul vorbirii Exemple: I have lived here since 1994. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Se folosesc adesea contractiile haven't (have + not) si hasn't (has + not) Exemple: 1. a III-a sg. We have been crying for 3 hours. Mod de formare Afirmativ: Subiect + have / has (pers.) + Subiect + been + vb. Have I been waiting for your reply since yesterday? 2. They have been working for several hours. I have been waiting for your reply since yesterday. He hasn't been sending me letters for 3 months. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Exemple: 1.PREZENTUL PERFECT CONTINUU: A. He has been sending me letters for 3 months. Have we been crying for 3 hours? Negativ: Subiect + have / has (pers. B. 3. Has he been sending me letters for 3 months? 3. 3. We have started classes for 3 hours. 2. We haven't been crying for 3 hours. Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Perfect Continuu: since Exemplu: .) + not + vb.) + vb. C. la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing" Exemple: 1. 2. Folosim Prezentul Perfect Continuu pentru: • a exprima o actiune inceputa in trecut si care nu s-a incheiat inca Exemple: She has been eating for ten minutes. a III-a sg. I haven't been waiting for your reply since yesterday.
1. 4. Exercitii: 1. so far Exemplu: So far. there have been arriving 10 passengers from London. 3. Mother began going to the doctor 3 months ago. Father began cooking for his family 10 minutes ago. for Exemplu: They have been watching TV for 3 hours. 5. Sarah (do) her homework for 2 hours. He has been watching TV for the last 2 hours. He (write) poems since 1997. The poet began composing that poem 1 month ago. Reformuleaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind FOR + the last + Prezentul Perfect Continuu. Paul and Jim began writing their homework half an hour ago. 2. The children (draw) this map for half an hour. We began watering the flowers 2 days ago. 2. 5. I (study) English for 4 years. ca in exemplul de mai jos: Exemplu: He began watching TV 2 hours ago. ca in exemplul de mai jos: Exemplu: I (travel) abroad for 2 weeks. 3. 2. . I have been travelling abroad for 2 weeks. Pune verbele din paranteza la timpul Prezentul Perfect Continuu. propozitiile de mai jos: Exemplu: He has been listening to the radio for 1 hour. 1. The pupil (recite) the poem for ten minutes.You have been living in Paris since 1996. 4. Pune la forma interogativa a timpului Prezent Perfect Continuu. 3. ever Exemplu: Have you ever been listening to the radio? never Exemplu: I have never been travelling to France until now.
.. 3. He began at noon.... 4.. It began at 8 o'clock...... He went to bed at 9 o'clock in the evening. ca in exemplul urmator: Exemplu: It is raining... Pupils have been playing in the schoolgarden since noon. The artist is drawing... . the last five minutes.. Father is sleeping.. 5. Children have been staying in the bus for 10 hours. Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Continuu: Exemplu: Helen (study) English . The theatre show has been starting for 3 hours. 3. 4.. 2.... I have been watching "Young & Restless" since 2001. He started his work in January. We left Bucharest yesterday evening.. They (phone) the manager ... It has been raining since Wednesday. 1 hour. The detective has been investigating this case since 2000.. 3. We are watching the football game. 4.. We are travelling by train... 1....... half an hour. We (talk) about that horrible accident ... 5......... morning. He is crying. Completeaza spatiile goale cu "FOR" si "SINCE". 5. 2. It started on Wednesday.Has he been listening to the radio for 1 hour? 1. Mary (live) in Manhattan . 1. She (cook) a chicken soup . last summer... It (rain) ... 4... June 1998... Heleng has been studying English since last summer.. 2.. Reformuleaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind "SINCE" si Prezentul Perfect Simplu. 5.
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