This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
which like a staircase leads the aspirant to the high pinnacled Raja Yoga. 10. Tintini. Khanda Kapalika. Kaka Chandiswara. 4. Bhairava. 5. Siddhi Buddha. Virupaksa. Bhanuki. knew Hatha Vidya. Chaurangi. as it were. Bilesaya. and impotent by exposing. similarly. Kaneri. Vindunatha. Yogin Swatmarama. after saluting his Gurû Srinatha explains Hatha Yoga for the attainment of Raja Yoga. Bhairava. The following Siddhas (masters) are said to have existed in former times:. Siddhipada. Anand. 6. Hatha Yoga protects its practisers from the burning heat of the three Tapas. Prabhudeva. Matsyendra. Kanthadi. Mina Natha. 2. Sabar. Pujyapada. 11. Natha. 8. 3. These Mahasiddhas (great masters). Karantaka.. Nardeva. Matsyendra. and. for those who are constantly devoted to the practice of Yoga. are roaming in the universe. Like a house protecting one from the heat of the sun. Choli. Compassionate Swatmarama composes the Hatha Yoga Pradipika like a torch to dispel it. etc. Salutation to Âdinatha (Siva) who expounded the knowledge of Hatha Yoga. A yogi desirous of success should keep the knowledge of Hatha Yoga secret. Ghoda. Charapati. it is the supporting tortoise.On asanas. breaking the sceptre of death. Allama. 1. Niranjana. . for it becomes potent by concealing. etc. Owing to the darkness arising from the multiplicity of opinions people are unable to know the Raja Yoga. and by their favor Yogi Swatmarama also learnt it from them. 7. Nityanatha. 9.Sri Adinatha (Siva). Manthana. Surananda. Kapali. Goraksa. Goraksanatha.
hollows. These characteristics of a room for Hatha Yogis have been described by adepts in the practice of Hatha. situated in a solitary place. compassion. being 4 cubits square. raised platform (chabootra). 17. The Yogi should practice Hatha Yoga in a small room.12. Swastika-asana. Tapa and Yajna. endurance. and free from stones. perseverance. It should be practiced for gaining steady posture. 19. health and lightness of body. he should practice Yoga. adoration of God. and in a country where justice is properly administered.Having kept both the hands under both the thighs. cold bath in the morning. On its outside there should be bowers.. meekness. company of men. water. etc. with the body straight. or eating fruits only. be free from holes. neither too high nor too low. asana is described first. Having seated in such a room and free from all anxieties. Yoga is destroyed by the following six causes:-. talkativeness. well plastered with cow-dung and free from dirt. adhering to rules. truth. etc. patience. discriminative knowledge. exertion. Being the first accessory of Hatha Yoga. as instructed by his gurû . 20. disturbances of all kinds.. and unsteadiness. hearing discourses on the principles of religion. 14. aloofness from company. a well. and Yogis like Matsyendra. when one sits calmly in this posture. and food can be obtained easily and plentifully.Courage. i. 21. eating at night. The room should have a small door. 15. forgiveness. 13.e. faith. The ten niyamas mentioned by those proficient in the knowledge of Yoga are: Tapa. fire. daring. continence. charity. filth and insects. and a compound. 16. where good people live. The following six bring speedy success:-. 18. sparing diet. and cleanliness. I am going to describe certain âsanas which have been adopted by Munis like Vasistha. Asanas. The ten rules of conduct are: ahimsâ (non-injuring).Over-eating. belief in God. it is called . nonstealing. shame. intellect.
22. Gomukha-asana.Swastika. Placing the right ankle on the left side and the left ankle on the right side. . having the appearance of a cow. makes Gomukha-asana.
.Virasana. This is called Virâsana. and the left ankle on the right side of it. Kurmasana. Placing the right ankle on the left side of the anus. and so also the other foot on the opposite thigh. One foot is to be placed on the thigh of the opposite side. makes what the Yogis call Kurmaâsana. 24. 23.
Having assumed the Kukkuta-asana. 26. when the Yogi raises himself above the ground. when one grasps his neck by crossing his hands behind his head.Kukkuta asana. and lies in this posture with his back touching the ground. it becomes Kukkuta-âsana. from its appearance like that of a tortoise . it becomes Uttana Kurma-asana. 25. Taking the posture of Padmâ-âsana and carrying the hands under the thighs. Utana Kurma-asana. with his palms resting on the ground.
27.Dhanura asana. Having placed with the right foot at the root of the left thigh. and having placed the left foot on the right thigh at its root. as explained by Sri Matsyânatha. Matsya-asana. Having caught the toes of the foot with both hands and carried them to the ears by drawing the body like a bow. This is the âsana. let it be grasped with the left hand passing behind the back. it becomes Dhanura âsana. stops the nectar shedding from the moon in people. . 28-29. let the toe be grasped with the right hand passing over the back. Its practice awakens the Kundalini. It increases appetite and is an instrument for destroying the group of the most deadly diseases.
This is called Mayura-asana. It kindles gastric fire.Paschima Tana. Mayura-asana. and place the navel on both the elbows and balancing thus. the body should be stretched backwards like a stick. 31. Place the palms of both hands on the ground. when one sits with his forehead resting on the thighs. reduces obesity and cures all diseases of men. Having stretched the feet on the ground. 30. This Paschima Tâna carries the air from the front to the back part of the body (i. .e.. and having grasped the toes of both feet with both hands. like a stick. 32. to the susumna). it is called Paschima Tâna.
by eating sparingly. and gaze steadily at the space between the eyebrows. Success in one Siddhâsana alone becoming firmly established. some Vajrâsana.33. 45. Press firmly the heel of the left foot against the perineum. like a corpse. There is no âsana like the Siddhâsana and no Kumbhaka like the Kevala. the destroyer of the diseases of . and also those arising from irregularities of phlegm. and Ahimsâ among the Niyamas. 43. 37. The Siddhâsana. Press the chin against the chest and gaze on the tip of the nose. 41. and the right heel above the lingha. and by practicing Siddhâsana for 12 years. Laying down on the ground. 39. 35. the Siddha-âsana. one gets Unmani at once. 46. so is Siddhâsana called by adepts the chief of all the âsanas. because it cleanses the impurities of 72. the opener of the door of salvation. and Prâna Vâyu becomes calm and restrained by Kevala Kumbhaka. when success has been achieved in Siddhâsana. This Siddhâsana is performed also by placing the left heel on the Medhra (above the penis). one should sit calmly. increases appetite and destroys the most deadly poison. These four are:-.The Siddha. Siva taught 84 âsanas. the Yogi obtains success. is called Sava-âsana. and removes abdominal disorders. Padma. This âsana soon destroyed all diseases. bile and wind. 38. Other postures are of no use. one should always practice it. and the three bonds (Bandhas) are accomplished of themselves. 36. With the chin pressing on the chest. There is no mudrâ like the Khechari and no laya like the Nada (Anahâta Nâda).000 nâdis. being very comfortable. 44. Some call this Siddhâsana. and placing the right one next to it. Even of these. Sinha and Bhadra. Of these the first four being essential ones. This is called the Siddha âsana. having restrained the senses. Out of the 84 âsanas Siddhâsana should always be practiced. By contemplating on oneself. 42. 34. Place the right foot on the left thigh and the left foot on the right thigh. I am going to explain them here. Others call it Mukta âsana or Gupta âsana. This is called the Padmâsana. and grasp the toes with the hands crossed over the back. Padmâsana. It removes fatigue and gives rest to the mind. Just as sparing food is among Yamas. digests unwholesome food taken in excess. 40. Sava-âsana.
) 51. in such a way that the left heel touches the right side and the right . but can be learnt by intelligent people in this world.. Gaze on the tip of the nose. by drawing the apâna-vâyu up (performing Mula Bandha) and pushing down the air after inhaling it. The Yogi who. 50. and the chin against the chest. Place the feet on the thighs. 47. they both enter then the Kundalini and. The Simhâsana. and raise the air up slowly. pull the apâna-vâyu gently upwards.-. the prana is forced down by and by so as to join both of them in the navel. 49. Press the heels on both sides of the seam of the Perineum. they make the mind calm. Then the mind can contemplate on the nature of the atmana and can enjoy the highest bliss. This is called the Padmâsana. and place the hands on the thighs. joining thus the prana and apâna in the navel. with the palms upwards. one gets the highest intelligence by awakening the sakti (kundalini) thus. performing the Padmâsana firmly. with the soles upward. i. It is difficult of attainment by everybody. sitting with Padmâsana. keeping the tongue pressed against the root of the teeth of the upper jaw.When Apâna Vâyu is drawn gently up and after filling the lungs with the air from outside. is free from bondage. can control breathing.e. 52. N. reaching the Brahma randra (the great hole).the Yamis. 48. the destroyer of all diseases. Having kept both hands together in the lap.B. keeping the chin fixed to the chest and contemplating on Him in the mind. there is no doubt.
ghee. and vegetables that cause burning sensation. Place the hands on the thighs. milk. the five vegetables. The expert Yogis call this Goraksa âsana. (which are the practices relating to the air) âsanas. asafoetida (hinga). etc. oily. these are very beneficial to those who practice Yoga. one should keep aloof from the society of the evil-minded. within a year. Wheat. curds. well cooked with ghee and sweets. Parwal (a vegetable). Bitter.. barley. Fire. and all kinds of bodily exertion. etc. rice. fire. This Bhadrâsana is the destroyer of all diseases. the Yogi gets rid of fatigue. no doubt. 53. 61. pure water. Whether young. butter. 64.. one who discards laziness.. meat.heel touches the left side of it. travelling. and keeping the mouth open and the mind collected. Kumbhakas and various curious mudrâs. 57. A yogi should eat tonics (things giving strength). gains success. women. well sweetened. fasting. holding the feet firmly joined to one another with both the hands. Kantha or Jâlandhar Bandha and Uddiyâna Bandha). onion. should not be eaten. old or too old. . sick or lean.. 65. mixed with til seed. minor grains. sour. a Brahmachari. travelling. 66. sour. 62. Place the heels on either side of the seam of the Perineum. dry. early morning bath. shâstik (a kind of rice). oil-cake. 58. milk butter. As said by Goraksa. 63. honey. 55 and 56. moong. Food heated again. etc. unattached to objects of enjoyment. should not be eaten. 59. Foods injurious to a Yogi. garlic. sugar. should be avoided. fish. women. and eaten with the offering of it to Siva. dried ginger. which may increase humors of the body. This is Simhâsana. gaze on the tip of the nose. sparing in diet. plums. good corns. greasy (made with ghee). 54. The Nadis should be cleansed of their impurities by performing the mudrâs. The Bhandrâsana. and devoted to Yoga. fermented. By sitting with this âsana. saltish. Abstemious feeding is that in which 3/4 of hunger is satisfied with food. gets success if he practices Yoga. sugarcandy. rape seed. intoxicating liquors. held sacred by the best Yogis. etc. green vegetables. chhaasa pulses. having too much salt. By regular and close attention to Nâda (anâhata nâda) in Hatha Yoga. according to his desire. This excellent âsana effects the completion of the three Bandhas (the Mulabandha. with stretched fingers. keeping the left heel on the left side and the right one on the right side. 60.
Success cannot be attained by adopting a particular dress (Vesa). various Kumbhakas. Success comes to him who is engaged in the practice. This is true. 68. âsanas. How can one get success without practice. one can never get success.67. all should be practiced in the practice of Hatha Yoga. . for by merely reading books on Yoga. 69. till the fruitóRâja Yoga is obtained. It cannot be gained by telling tales. and other divine means. Practice alone is the means to success. there is no doubt.