Lymphatic System

Parts of the Lymphatic system: ‡ ‡ ‡ Lymph Lymph vessels Lymphatic tissue ± ± ± ± Lymph nodes Lymph nodules Spleen Thymus gland .

To protect the body against pathogens and other foreign material. .Functions of the Lymphatic System 1. 2. To return tissue fluid to the blood to maintain blood volume.

.Lymph ‡ The tissue fluid that enters lymph capillaries. ‡ Must be returned to the blood to maintain blood volume and blood pressure. ‡ Similar to plasma. and has less protein. but more WBC¶s are present.

‡ NOT A CIRCULATING FLUID ‡ The structure of larger lymph vessels is like that of veins. collect tissue fluid and proteins.Lymph Vessels ‡ Dead-end lymph capillaries are found in most tissue spaces. ‡ Lymph is kept moving in lymph vessels by: ± Constriction of the lymph vessels . valves prevent the blackflow of lymph. ‡ Lymph capillaries merge to form lymphatic vessels.

right thorax ± Empties into the right subclavian vein ‡ Thoracic duct ± Drains the rest of the body Empties into the left subclavian vein .± Lymphatics ultimately deliver lymph into 2 main channels ‡ Right lymphatic duct ± Drains right side of head & neck. right arm.

‡ Found in groups along the pathways of lymph vessels.Lymphatic Tissue: Lymph Nodes ‡ Usually larger than lymph nodules. 10 to 20 mm in length. ‡ As lymph flows through the nodes: . and are encapsulated.

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