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ENGLISH-TIBETAN

VOCABULARY,
39
ENGLISH-TIBETAN VOCABULARY.
eft ..
English-Tibetan
Vocabulary.
The
figures,
here and there attached to Tibetan
words,
refer to the
page
where the
respective
article is to
be found. The accent is marked
only when,
exceptionally,
it rests on the last
syllable
of a word.
A, An,
article
big
140.
Abandon
skyur-ba;
spon-ba; O
bar-ba.
A bate zi-ba.
Abbot
mfcan-po.
Abdomen
col, esp.
sktt-cdl.
Ability nus-pa;
rtsal.
Ablative case
Jbyun-Kuns.
A ble
micas-pa;
to be
Jtyud-pa\ lcogs-pa;
nyan-pa; fub-pa; nus-pa; p'od-pa; Of$uys-
pa; ses-pa.
A blution Krus.
Abode meis-brdn
; Odug-ynas ; Odug-sa ; ynas
(-fsan); yzi-ma.
Abolish
jig-pa
;
snub-pa.
Abortion
skyur-ma;
mnaI
rlugs-pa.
Abounding rgyas-pa 109,
mod-po, O
dzom-
po.
About
tsam-na, tsa-na;
round v.
jfyoys
352;
to be ca-ba
152;
%as-pa.
Al)ove adv.
sten-na; bla\
yan, yan-la 506;
prep.#a-na, Ka-ni, Ka-la, Karw,
Itag-nas, ltag\ fog-tu.
Abridge sdud^pa.
Abridgment
zin-bins.
Abroad v.
byes;
to
go byes-su
Abscess
cu-bui", j'ol.
Absolutely bis-kyan
;
ga-na-med.
Abstinence
dge-ba\ fsod-ses-pa
452.
Abundant
Hrigs.
Abuses,
(reviling words) skur-pa 23;
vb.a.
(to revile)
skur
Odebs-pa (byed-pa\
sinni-
bii) ;
dma
Obab-pa
;
smad-pa.
Abyss
btson-doh',
yyan-sa.
Academy
yt$ug-lag-K/'i.
Accept bzed-pa, bzes-pa\ len-pa.
Acceptable,
to be
Ofad-pa.
Access
egro-sa;
v. also
yton-ba
208
and
mjal-ba
173.
A c ci d ent
rkyen;
unfortunate
^gal-rkyen;
fatal bar-
cad; byur, byus.
Ac c o
mp any skyel-ba ;
zla-bo
byed-pa.
Accomplish
v.
g-rub-pa; corn-pa; #pyod-
pa;
rtsom-pa.
Accomplished pul-tu byuii-ba
344.
Accomplishment rtsal', yon-tan
516.
Accord.
Accordance
O cam-pa.
Ac
cording
to *nati-tar* W.
C'.;
dan
sbyar-
nas;
bzin-du.
Account s.
rtsis,
lo-rgyus 113;
ynas-tsiil;
on of v.
rkyen; ced-du;
pyir;
slaJ-Jti.
Account vb. a. rtsis
byed-pa (Odebs-pa,
gyab-pa).
Accountant
rtsis-pa.
Accumulate
spun-ba.
Accurate
zib-pa.
Accusation,
talse
snyad.
Accuse
Ogel-ba\ rgol-ba.
Accustomed
goms-pa\ Odris-pa;
to be
-
Odris-pa.
Ache vb. n. na-ba.
Acid, Acidity skyur-ba.
Acknowl
edge
K'as
leji-pa; frq.only
smm-
ba,
zer-ba etc.
Aconite bon-ria.
Acquaintance (friend)
//
Acquainted,
to be
--
/WH-JHI.
Acquiesce K'0-fag ycod-}m\
nil
r</vl-(>u:
dan-du
len-pa.
Acquitted,
to be
-
rgyal-ba.
Across
pred, /'/v</.
Act vb.
oyed-pa; s]>i/(><l-}><r. /><////</-/>:
to
-
the
part
of
oi/i'd-/
>.
Action
spyod-pa; bya-ba;
las;
fornu-r
ai'tions st'ion-ldx.
Action
(law-suit)
//m/w, says
\\'. ;.i.
Activity
English-Tibetan Vocabnlary.
The, fii:\lTU, lie«: and 111"1' an.ched 10 Tibetan word., 'I'f... to the where the .e'p«tive aniI'll' i. 10
be foulK!. - The i. markelt ooly when, excepl;onally. it 1('$1. 011 the list syUahle of. "'(>fd.
A
A, An, Article (,9 140.
A Ltl.lldon d:yur.ba; 3])07l-6a: obo,·-ba.
A Late ]:i-ba.
Ab bot mila/it.
Abdomen fa, esp. d"U-ltil.
Ability llU3-paj ,·nal.
A blati vc CI\SC /'yulj·/;lJli,.
A I,le 11Ifas.paj to be - ollyud-paj frogs-Jla;
1iyan-pa; (ub-paj flU$-pu;JXxI-pa;ofI1l91-
]'a; ies-pa.
Ahlution A'ros.
A hode mtis-Iml,i iodug-ylll.Uj "dug-sa; rna8
(.(,aA); rl:i.rTUl.
Abolish "Jig-paj muh-pa.
Aborti OJ." JA.YU'.",IlU; nllial rluys-pa.
A 110 UDd lug rgyu..-pa 109, mod-po, od:Q11I-

A lout "amAna, tla-na; round - \', ,:yoga
352 j to be - ca-ba 152; lm-pa.
ALoy e adv. ,/eli-lIa; bia; yafl, yall.ia {i()Gj
prt'p.,ra-na, Ita-ro, fa-la, fIO,i-du;
ltag-mu, liaS; (og-tu.
Abridge sdud-pa.
AbriJgmeot zi,j-bl'/,.
Abroad v. bye'; to go - b!Jes-m ofI,'O-ba.
A usc e58 Cu.-bU,.; rol.
Absolutely Ci.-J..ymc; ga--tla--7IIid.
Abs ti lIence dr;e-ba; (.oo-ies-pa 452.
AbundaDt I.ng•.
Abuse s. (reviling words) 2:1; "b.ll..
(to fC"ile) d'Ur "ddn-pa (b!}ftJ..pa; .mra-
tal; dma obab-pa; .mad1Hl.
Abyss bbHm-doH; fIla/i-.a.
AClldclllY rbJug-lag-J..'ult.
Aeeejlt bztd-pa, b':es-pa: ltll-p(l.
Acce),ta ble, to be -o(ad-pa.
Access .oro-w: v. also ,to,i-b(1 206 IInu
mjlll..lJ« 173.
Acci dent rkyen; unfortunate - ofIul-rJ..yi'l;
fatal - bar-rod; b,lJUl', byu•.
Accoml'll. Tl y Myel..lJ«; ::la-bo byed-po..
Accomplish \". Ul'ub-pa: com-pa;
pa, 1·(8Om-pa.
Accomplished pul-tu byuit-ba 3-14.
Accomplisbmon t f'ual; '1m-fall bIG.
Accord, Accordnnce fam-po..
Ace 0 rdi ng to ·naJi-ta..·lV. C.; dan wyur-
nasi bZin-du.
Ac co lint s. rtfi., lo-rgyla 119; yntu-t,M;
on - of v. f'krJffl; i!td-du; ftyir; 3lad-du.
Account vb. a. rtfl; b!Jcd-pa (..debs-pll,
!Jyub-pa).
Accountant rbl;"-pa.
Accumulllte 9JUli-ba.
Accurate :db-pa.
Accuslltion, fllisc - mya(l.
Accuse .,gel-btl; IYJOl-ba.
Accustomed !JOfIu-pa; odri,-pa; t.o 1Je-
odru.-pa.
Ache vb. n. 1Ia-ba.
Acid, Acidity sl..yur-ba.
Acknowl edge fas In'·rxl; feq.only 11111'11-
bu, zer-ba etc.
Aconite bo/i-Jill.
Acquaintauce (friend) If.,....h.
Acquainted, to be - bitr,-pa.
Acquiesr.e J..lo-(1I.9 ,Cod-pu; 1/ti rgof-bfl;
dali-du le1I-pa.
Acquitted, to IJc - 1'!J!J(d-ba.
Across olnwl.
Act ,'u. uyed,pa; .pyod-pll; bgyil/-pa; to ••
the Ill\rt of U!ftl,l-pfl.
Action 'p'pl-pa; b!Ja-oo; la,; former
actions "ioll-ld,.
Action (hlw-suit) A'/;//l$, illl{/f 11':. [01-
A\lti \' it
612
Actual
Ancestor
Actual
nes-pa-can; no-rtog; ydn-dag-pa.
Actually yzi-nas.
Acute rno-ba.
Adage /ca-dpe.
Add
snon-pa;
sre-ba; rjes-su jug-pa;
v.
Ogod-pa.
Addict,
to one's self
sten-pa.
Adduce v. mf
son-pa
and
dpe.
Adequate ^grig-pa ;
mfun-pa.
Adhere
Jbyor-ba, Jbyar-ba; ynas-pa.
Adherent
pyogs-pa; Odzin-pa.
Adieu v.
pyi-pyag
347.
Adibuddha
kun-yzi
4.
Adjust sbyor-ba; sgrig-pa; Ogod-pa.
Admit
yton-ba;
tfas
len-pa.
Admonish
skul-ba.
Admonition
bskul-ba, bskul-ma; bslab-bya,
Adolescent s.
Kyeu.
Adore
mos-pa.
Adorn v.
^god-pa; sgron-pa', brgyan-pa;
spra-ba.
Adult s.
ce-mi,
nar
son-pa
298.
Adulterate
slad-pa.
Adulterer
sar-po,
adulteress sar-mo.
Adultery,
to commit v.
jug-pa
177, byi
byed-pa; yyem byed-pa.
Advantage don',
bogs', QKyer-so; rgyal-Ka,
Ra-rgydl.
Adversary pa-rol-po.
Advice
bka-yddms; Ka-bsgos; Ka-ta,
Ka-
yddms; gros; ydams-pa; Odun-ma',
man-
nag',
to ask
bgro-ba.
Advise
ydam-pa, Odom-pa.
Adviser
bka-ydams-pa.
Affair don.
Affect
bcos-pa
147.
Affection
cags-pa', byams-pa, byams-sems',
brtse-ba.
Affectionate brtse-ba-can.
Affix
sbyor-ba.
Affliction
sdug-pa', mya-ndn;
fser-ka W.
Afore-said sna-ma.
Afraid,
to be
skrdg-pa, dnan-ba', jigs-
pa; bag fsa-ba; bred-pa.
After adv.
rgyab-tu; pyi 349; ^og;
slad-na.
After
prep. ryes, ^og; slad; rtin; mfar;
nas.
After-birth sa-ma.
Afterwards
rjes-la, rjes-su; rtin-du;
de-
nas\ pyin-cdd; pyis; pyi-bzin; slad-nas;
slar.
Again ced-du; pyir\
slar
;yan',
and
-
yan-nas yan-du.
Age na-fs6d, na-so;
dus.
Aged
r
gad-pa;
to be
rga-ba.
Agent
byed(^pd)-po, byed-mttan', fsab-po,
resp.
sku-fsao.
Agressor
sna-rgol.
Agility byag-pa.
Agio non-ka; par; O
dza.
Agitate dkrug-pa; skyod-pa; skyom-pa;
sgul-ba;
to be
agitated Ogul-ba; /crug-pa.
Agitation Krag -Jcrugs.
Ago
snun-la; long
sna-mo-nas.
Agony ysin-^pras',
kon-
Krugs;
sems K'on-
du
O fsud-pa.
Agree ^rig-pa; O cam-pa; stun-pa;
mfun-
pa.
Agreeable dga-ba; yid-du ^on-ba.
Agreement
Ka
-
cad,
resp.
zal-
cad;
gan-
rgyd; cad, cad-so; O cam-pa;
bzan.
Agriculture so-ndm(s").
Ague fsad-pai ndd;
fsan-zug
W.
Aim s.
Ogro-sa 102; O
ben.
A i m vb. zir-ba
;
v.
ytod-pa
no.
3.
Air
(atmospheric air) nd-ra; nod; rlun;
cold nad.
Ai r
(tune) mgur, glu, dbyans.
Air
(mien) no,
ydon.
Alabaster
Ka-ma-ru;
fod-le-kor.
A las
kye-ma.
Alienism
Qgron.
Alight Jbab-pa, resp. ysol-ba.
Alive
yson-po.
All
kun;
v.
gaii; fams-cdd; mfd-dag, fsad;
yons; right!
fsan-
grig; seeing
kun-
yzigs; uniting
kun-
dus;
not at
-
tsam
yan
mi
(ma) ; ye
mi
(ma).
Allegory Odra-dpe.
Allow
ynan-ba;
to be ed
cog-pa,
run-ba.
Almanac lo-fo.
Almighty
kun-dban.
Almond ba-ddm.
Alms
Idom-bu; slon-mo; bsod-snyoms.
Alone
ycig, ycig-ycig, ycig-pu, ycig-po.
Along
with zor-la.
Alphabet ka-pren,
ka-Kd
;
ka-li
2
.
Alpine pastures neu-ysin;
ne-fan C.
Also
yan
505.
Altar
mcod-stegs,
mcod-Kri.
Alter
sgyur-ba; spo-ba.
Alteration
^gyur-ba.
Although yan
505.
Altogether kun, yons-su.
Alum
Ka-ru-fsa; Ice-myah-fsd.
Always rgyun-du; rtag-tu; nam-yan.
Amalgam gyim-bdg.
Ambassador
po-nya.
Amber
spos-sel.
Ambitious
grogs -pa-la cags-pa;
mfon-
dod-can.
Ambush v.
(lkog-) )ab.
Amendment
zu-ddg, zus-ddg.
Among nan,
nan-na
301;
las 546-
Amusement
yyen-rtsed.
Analogy
v.
dpe.
Anasarca
pags-cu.
Anatomy lus-kyi ynas-lugs.
Ancestor
pa-m.es, mes-po; brgyud.
612
Actual - Ancestor
Actual ri4-pu4can; 1i(J./'(Qg; yali-dag-pa.
Actually rzi.nas.
Acute ,'no·bu.
Adage Ita-dpe.
Add 81W7l"'}1Q"; "'/-ba; rjlHlt Jug-pa; v.

Acfdict, to - one's self slen.pa.
Adduce \", m(son-pa and dpt.
Adequate cflrig.pu; m(un-pa.
Adhe re ob!jf)r-ba, /lym'-bu; maS-PI/,
Adherent P//()(jIfK'j odzin-pa.
Adieu v.:fyi-pyag 847.
Adibuddha. kun-yzi 4.
Adjust sgrifr]XJ; ",qod-pa.
Admit rUlJi-OO; fQJj len-pa.
Admonish sl.'tll-ba.
Ad mon i ti on bd:ul-ba,bskul··rllfli lnlab-byu.
Adolescent s. J.'yeu. •
Adore 1/t03-PQ.
Adorn v. o!JOd-ra; sgron-pa; bl'gyan.pa;
8pra-ba.
Ad uIts. flar 80n-pa 298.
Adulterate slad-pa.
Adulterer Nar-po, adultel'eSS 81.11'-100.
AduHery, to commit - v.Jug-pa 1'17, byi
byed·pu; ntelll byed.pa.
Ad van tage don; bogs; ify"-$Q; rflYal-J:a,
J,!,(I,-Tf!Y(U. .
Adversary pa-rol-po.
Advice I.:a-ta, fla·
rdd1113; gros; rrJam&-pa; odun-ma; man-
ildg; to ask - bgro-ba.
Ad vise room-pa,
Adviser bka-ydaml-pa.
Affair don.
Affeet bCoil--pa 147.
Affeeti on cagl-pa; byams-pa, byamNtlll';
brtu-ba.
Affectionate
Affi J: l&yqr.ba.
Affliction 7Ilya-riun; (stI'-ka W.
Afore-said .na-ma.
Afraid, to be - l1:rdfl-lla, d,lari.ba; Jigs-
fa; bag (Ia-ba; brea-pa.
Alter n.dv. r9yalr-tu; plJi 349; ,lad-na.
After pr?p. r)ea, ..0$1; Ilad; l'ti,;; mlar; nal.
After-olftfl sa-ma.
Afterwards ryn.la, r)et",uj rtiti.dUi de-
nal; ftyin-cdd; 111"; pyi-bhn; slad-nal;
Ilar.
Again ce4-du; l'Jyir; .lar; Yali; - ilIld -
yati-nal yail.du.
Age na-Udd, na-lOj dm.
Aged rgad.pa; to be -- ''ga-ba.
Agent byed(-pa)-p.:>, byN-mIi'au; (gab-po,
rc8l). sku-6ab.
Agressor slla-rgd. ,.
Agility byag-pa.
Agio non·ka; par; odza.
IZ
AAi tate dkrug. JXJ; d:.yod-fX':; d:yo'T/l -pa;
sfJU1-ba; to be ngilatea dJul-ba;
Agitation /{rag·oJ!ritgs.
Ago sliun-la; long - "ia-mo-mu.
Agony rAin-oiw(l$;
du lsud-pa.
Agree of/r/{J-pa; ocam-pa; ltun-pa; m(un·
p".
Agreeable dga-ba;yid-du
zal-cdd; .'1a1l-
I'fJYo.; cad, clul-sq; )!'am-pa; bzali.
Agriculture .""nam(.).
Ague 6ad-pai mid; (sml-ztlg lV.
Aim s. ,,[IT&-lIa 102; oben.
Aim vb. zir-ba; v.rwd*PD DO. 3-
Air nir) lio.-m; 1ia.d; dUll;
cold -- Ilad.
Air (tone) 7/lfJUr, glu, dbya""
Air (mien) no, rrJori.
Alabaster L'a-ma-ru; (()(1-1t-I.·6r.
A las kye-ma.
Alienism p[Jf'On.
Aligllt obab-pa, resp. y'ol-ba.
A Ii ve yson-po.
All kun; v. gali; (amHdtl; m(d-dag, flad;
yo';,; - rigM! (,mi-.!p1f!; - seeing k1m-
rzig,; - ul:litiug {1m-
o
dUl; uot at - tmm
yali mi (1IIa); ye mi (rna).
AllegorYodra-dpe.
Allow yna,;-ba; to be I!og-pa, "til-1m.
Almanac w...(6,
Almighty kun-dba,i.
A lroond ba.do.m.
AIms ldom-bu; .M,i-.mo; bsod-sny6ms.
Alone rNg. rcig-rCig, rCig-pu, rNg-po.
Along with hw-la.
AIPba bet ka-j»'til, I.·a-I:o.; I.·a-li 2.
Alpine pastures neu-rrilij nt-fwi G
Also gan 506.
Al ta r mCtxl-.tRg8, mCod-l.:,,·.
Alter 1fJ!JUr-ba; 8pv-ba.
AlteratIon ofIYUl'-ba.
Although yait 005.
Altogether ,(1tn,yoUl-Su.
Alum fa-ro-fla; let-tnya,i-fso..
AIways rgyun-du; I'rog-tu; nam-ya'i.
A mll.lgam f!yim-bo.g.
Ambassador rfo-nya.
Amber &pOI-jtl.
Amhitious gragt-JXJ-w cags.pa; m(01/·
dod-can.
Ambush \". (lkog-)Jab.
Amendment
Among nan, nall-na 301;!(t8 MG.
Amusement ryeli-l'tsM.
Analogy v.ape.
Anasarca pugs-Cu.
Anatomy ha-I.'!Ji ynal-lu!p.
Ancestor iHVlnet, nltl"'FOi brgyud.
Ancient Assiduous 613
Ancient
sna-ba;
ly
siia-sor" snon-dm.
And dnii
-j|s;
v. also Hn 140.
Angrl />-//
i/<r
;ij;,.
Auger ftro-oa; /.v>//-/.ro;
Kon-pa-
nr<>,
resp,
fugs-sro W.\
?<'-sdaii.
Angle
<////</
;.'>: <////.
Angry lfa-6a,
/vo-Ao, l,r<>-tn;
to IK-
-
A n
pillar
:iil-nni.
Ani inal s. dud-
gro; srog-cdgs.
Animated
being srog-cdgs\
sems-can.
Animosity
/
:
//.
Annals
lo-rgyus',
of the
kings rgyal-rdbs.
Annihilate
med-par byed-pa',
to be anni-
hilated
med-par Ogyur-ba.
Annotation mcan-bu.
Announce fow
sgyur-ba; sbr6n-pa; prin
smra-ba',
ses-par byed-pa.
Annoy Jcaii-ba; siiog-pa;
sun
Jug-pa.
Annually lo-ltar,
lo danlo.
Anoint
skud-pa\ bsgo-ba\ Obyuy-pa.
Another
bdag-med; yzan-ma.
Answer vb. /aw
Odebs-pa.
Ant
gre-mog- bu;
grog-ma.
Antagonist Ofab-ya\ pa-rol-pa (orjoo).
Antelope ci^o
-
6a
;
the Tibetan
/teo
J,
Antidote
ynyen-po.
Antipathy zen-log.
Antiquity sna-dus,sna-ba\ snon-fse,
si.vii-
dus,
snon-rabs.
Anus
rkub\
yzait, y%an-Ka\
bsan-ldm.
Anxiety *Kog-fug*\
col.
nyams-ria.
Anxious
(smiis)
Kou-du
cud-pa',
\. also
bag-fsa.
Any
v.
gait 65;
one
gan zig; thing
ci
zig, ci-yan]
whatever can.
Apathy btan-snyoms-, byar-md.
Aperture sgo\ bu-ga.
Apostle
mi-snd.
Apothecary's shop
-smart-Kan.
Apparition snan-ba; zal-yzigs.
Appear O car-ba;
ston-pa', snan-ba; Obyu/'t-
6a;
yod-par Ogyur-ba.
Appearance Kyer-so; ca-by<hl, ca-lugs\
cas,
snan-fsul.
Appease
zi-bar
byed-pa.
Appendix
h'a-skon.
Appertain ytogs-pa.
Appetite
/cam;
dan-ga.
Apple
ku-*n\
.s//;
of the
eye spyan-Jtras.
Application Jbad-pa\ brtoon-jgnu.
Apply bkan-pa;
to one's self
brteon-jxt.
Appoint skul-ba\ sko-ba', ^el-ba', O col-ba\
Jug-pa.
Apprehend ycags-pa", dogs-pa.
Apprentice
mcan-bu.
Approach
vb.
Kad-pa\ nye-ba; bsnyen-pa.
Approach
s.
Ogro-sa.
Approve bzed-pa.
A
|i jiurtenance rgyu-%d;
B kor.
A
p
ricDt
l.um-bu; cu-li, co-li\
dried tu-
II
<
'.j I'd-tiit \V.]
mria-rix Kam-bu C.
Apron
<l///i-/,r/is.
fiati-/.''/!*.
Aqueduct yur-ba.
Anli
yZuy yzu-mo.
Archer
j>on-mKan\ y O f>o>i.
Architect
rtig-dp6n.
Archives
yig-txaii.
A rea
v.dkyil- Kor\
Kyon,rgya-Ky6n;
cu-zeii.
Argali ynyan.
Argue ogro-ba, rtsod-pa.
Argument mnon-rtdgs; rtags.
Arise
skye-ba\ Jtor-ba; Jfinin-ba; cags-pa\
Idan-ba.
Arm
lag(-pd), resp. j>yag.
Armful
lag-kod;
v. also
pan.
Armour
qo-Krdb; qo-ca.
A j.
v
;<
.
Armpit
mcan-Kun.
Arms
mfson, mfson-ca, Qfab-grabs.
Army dpun\ dmag; dmag-dpin'i.
Aroma nad.
Aromatic /) ad-can.
Arrange sgng-pa
;
Jog-pa
;
ytan-la O
bebs-
pa
205.
Arrangement grabs; rgyu; ynas-lugs.
Arrive
sleb-pa; Obyon-pa\ Obyor-ba.
Arrogance na-rgyal', po-so.
Arrow mda.
Arsenal
go-Kan.
Arsenic ba-bla.
Art
sgyu-rtsdl;
bzo.
Artery
rtsa-dkdr;
rhiit-rlxu.
Artifice
sgyu.
Artificial
bcos-pa.
Artist
bzo-pa.
As
(like) ltar\ bzin-du; (when)
v. cin
140;
na
299;
pas
323;
as as tsam
430;
far
tsam-du, bar-du,
fug, fsuy-pa ;
much
ga-tsdm\
soon
ma-Kdd,ma-fag-tu.
Ascend
Odzeg~pa.
Ascending
node
sgra-ycdn.
Ascetics.
sgom-pOy sgom-mKan
;
sdom-sruit .
Ashamed,
to feel
skyeii-l>a;
l,
:
rel-ba;
Odzem-pa.
Ash-co loured
gro-mo.
Ashes
gog-fdl;
fal-ba.
Aside zur-du\
logs-su, loys-l<i.
Ask
Qdri-ba,
ysol-ba,
zu-ba
\
yser-ba
;
slo/'i-
ba
;
'if one asks so' v. be-na 142.
Asleep,
to fall
ynyid-du Ogro-ba.
Aspire snyeg-pa.
Ass
bon-bu, boii-bo;
wild
rkyaii.
Assailant
sna-rgol.
Assassinate v.
Jab-pa
171.
Assemblage Krod-pa; tsogs.
Assemble vb. n.
Odu-ba\ Ofsogs-pa; Ihags-
pa\
vb. a.
sdud-ya;
sog-pa.
Assert dam
O ca-oa',
bzed-pa.
Assiduous
brtson-pa-i-im
.
Ancicnt - AssidLious 013
Ancient 81ia-ba; -ly .,ja-.or; ,rifm-.<!Ii".
And t/m; 2·lgj v. Also ;';,i 140.
Allgel,to-n!JI'St5.
AII ger A!IYJ-ba; ..l'o,;-!'ro; A!0I1-1Jt1; '1'0, 1"("'11.
fU!lN'-o w.; :t-ada';.
Augle 1fI"t'a 7(,; f!I'U.
AIlgry lYo-ba, !'ro-bo, 1.',-0-1/1(); to be - ",I.'ro-
bll; admi../.xl.
AUg'ull\r z1l1-ma.
Anllnnl3. Jw.l-"groj "'OfI.M!I'"
Anilllnted being "'09-cd!l'; UIII.-<UlI.
Animosity ",!'a,;.
AnnaIs lo-rgyu.; - of thc kings ,wal-rabt.
Annihilate ,1iffl-pUl' byed-1KJ; to UC Mni-
hilntcd "ltd-par o!!!lur-ba.
Annotl\tion 'fIll'all-bu.
Announce ion '9'jU"-baj .brdl/1J";
rmra../.xl; itr-par byed-pa.
Anlloy 11.'ati-ba j "iog-paj 81m Jug1Xl.
AllllU1\1 'f lo-ltw', 10 '](1Ij 10.
Anoiut al'Ud-pa; b8!Jo-fm; ",bYUf/-pu.
Anollicr bdag-mlt/; rzan-ma.
Answer vb. lun ",ddA-pa.
An l g,·t-1IlOg-",bu; grOfJ-nlll.
Antngoui'l ",fuu-!la; llu-rol-pa (or po).
Autelollc dgo-baj the Tibetan - rbod,
htlWd, rUo.
Antidote rn!Jell-po.
Antillllthy zen-lOg.
AntiqLlity .,jaoIM'"iiu-ba; ',i011-till, .ioll-
dll., .,i01I-raW.
Anus l'blbj tZu,i, rZaJi-fa; bsati-lUm.
AlIxiety sJ;o!l-(t't!tj col. "!Jalll,-";a.
Anxious (U7'18) fOli-du l!ud-pa; v. nlso
baf/-{,a.
An'!v.!/UliG5; -onegalj::,'!/; -tltillgii
ZIg, N-lImi; - wIHltC\·er tm;'
Apttthy btmi-3n.von,,; b!Jm·-1JlM.
Aperture 'flo; bu-ya.
Apostle mi-.lnd.
Apothecary's shop "mall-I'm;.
Apparition 'lIa,i-baj zal-rzig',
Ajlpel\r ",car-loa; .Um-pa; "w,j-llUj ",b!JIui-
!JO'l-pUI' c!JYur-ba.
AtpearAnce ",A'yer-$(Ij cn-bfjtld, ea-lll!!';
('allj
AllpeKse H-bur byed-pa.
Appendix Ra-tl.:o,i.
Al1llertfl.in rWfJ&-pa·
Appetite fam; ,Ian-gu.
Apple A.'U-.iu; .Ii; - ofthe eye
Application /ItlJ-JKl; 6r/Mm-c!JI'U".
Apply bJ.:U1I-pa; l.o - one's self bl'tlKJll-pU.
A I'po i nl .1'Ul-ba; d-o-llaj c!I('l-lH1 j ",ool-baj
"jllg-pll.
AlllJrehcnd rtU!J8-pa; dOY'-l)u,
APllrentice,"rall_bu.
A II prol\ch vII. I/ad-P(l; 'l!le.ba j bmytll-pa.
Approaeh s. "gt'o-I/'.
Appro\·e b'!:/'tf-p" d
AppLlrtcnallce 1'!JIjU-c,i; -IrkOf'.
Apricot fmll.bu; t'u-li, i'O-li; dried - CIt-
II C',I;u-/;,; 11'.; mria-ris lam·bl/. C.
AII rOll pa';-A.',"w.
AquedLict .'IUI'-OO.
Arch rzu,rzu-lIIo.
Archer clJo,i-mA.'all: -)' ",po;'.
Architcet l'uig-tip61l.
Archives yig-{Mili.
A ren !.(Uyil-",I.'ol'j A.'yon,rg!Jfl-!!.'/QlI;
ArgAll r'l!JIm.
Argue byro-ba, rtrod-pa.
Art: ument '111>ioll-1·td!J8j rtug•.
Anse 8kyl-ba; ",A'ol'-!.Jaj cags-pll;
lda.;·ba.
Arm laq(-pa), resp.,:yag.
A nnfuf 1Uf/-I.Yklj v. also plui.
Armour go-l..
l
rdb;go-ea.
Armpit '/llan-Cll,i.
Arms m{80II, m{soll-l!tI, ",{IIU-g,·aln.
AI'my (Ipwi; dmag; dmag..lp,i,i.
Aroma ,iad.
Aromatic itafl-Call.
ArrnnR!' 3[JI'ig-pa; JOfJ'"fJtI; rtan-ia ",bd>r-
pa 2OCJ.
Arr:--ugemcnt !/J'<l!Jsj rgyUj r'/(I$-lll9"
Arrive ,leb-pa; i.'1on-pa; ",byo,.-!.Jn.
A rrogan ce lia-r!lyulj pO'S<).
Arrow mda.
Arsennl go-fa,i.
Arsenic ba-bla.
Art lIf!!Ju-rudl: bzo.
A rte r y rtsa-tikarj ,.fwi-r/SII.
Artifice 'U'JU.
Artificial bt'ol-pa.
Artist bzo-pa.
As (like) ital'; bzin-du; (wilen) v. /:iIi 140;
no. 2'J9; pal 323j as - as uam 430; - far
- WI'-JlI, {ag, {,u!I-pa j - lUudl
- ga-/.am; - SQQll - 1Jla-idJ,lIla-{ag-tu.
Ascend cd::tg.pn.
Ascending node 8!fl·a-fMn.
Ascetic s.ago'lll_po,sgDm_mllallj M/(nn-'mlt;.
Ashamed, to feel - d,Yf,i-ba; {'tel-btl;
"
dum
1
M
.
Ash-coloured gro-1110.
Ashes gog-tal; {ai-bu.
Aside zur-tiu: log'-81t, loga-(a.
Ask cdn-ba, [$ol-6a, zu-ba; rstt'-ba; .IQ';-
ba; 'if one asks so' v. I:t-Ila 142.
Aslcc p, to fall - fnyU-du "gro-ba.
Aspire 'lIytg_pa.
Ass boli-bu, 00';-00; wild - rA.ywi.
A>lsllilllnt !Na-,'gOl.
Assassinate \'. Jab-pa 174.
Assemhlage 1..1-otJ-ptIj fl#)fJS.
AssernbIe vu. n. "tlll-ba; c{3Of/'-IH1j III'/!!,-
pa; vu. n. !dud-pa;
Assert da1ll ",ea-lxl;
AlI8'i dU oU81H'tlwn-pa_tall.
614
Assist Bark
Assist zla-bo or
grogs byed-pa.
Assistance
skyabs
; skyobs ;
ra-mda.
Assistant
grogs', ya-do W.; ra-mda-pa.
Associate s.
grogs;
zla-bo; ya-do
W.; rogs.
Associate vb.
O fsogs-pa;
to be d
Ogroys-
pa.
Assume
O
can-ba.
Assurance
yden; blo-ytdd, blo-yden.
Asterism skar-ma.
Asthma
dbugs
rdzan-ba.
Astonished,
to be
ha-las-pa.
Astonishment
no-mfsdr; ya-mt'san.
Astray,
to
go Jcyar -ba;
v. also sub
yan-pa
506.
Astride,
to
put skyon-pa.
Astringent
bska-ba.
Astrology skar-dpydd,
skar-rtsis.
Astronomy
skar-rtsis 439-
Asunder so-sor
578;
to tear
O
dral-ba.
At
/car; mdun-du;
na
298;
rtsar 437.
Athlete
gyad.
Atmosphere rlun-gyi dkyil-Jcor
ll.
Atom rdul.
Atonement
sdig-bsdgs.
Attach
O
dogs-pa; sdom-pa, rtod-pa.
Attached
zug-pa
C.
466;
to be
cags-pa;
zen-pa.
Attachment
Jf/ri-ba; cags-pa;
zen-
Q
dzin.
Attack
rub-pa.
Attain
sgrub-pa; fob-pa; myed-pa\
v also
pyin-pa.
Attend vb. n.
ski/on-ba;
vb. a. zla-bo
byed-
pa; nya-ra byed-pa.
Attendant
Jcor, Jcor-mKan;
Jcor-yyog,
yyog-JZar.
Attention
ynyer-Ka;
zon.
Attentive
ycan-po.
Attitude
stans;
spyod-lam;
rnam-
gyur,
fsul,
sdod-fsul.
Attribute
s.br)od-pagra,mm.; rtoys;mfsan,
mfsan-nyid.
Auction ni-lam.
Auditory (in
a
monastery) kun-dga-ra-
ba
4.
Augment
vb. n.
rgyas-pa; O pel-ba;
vb. a.
spel-ba.
Aunt
ne-ne-mo; 'a-ne;
sru.
Auspice ca; rten-Jbrel.
Authentic
nes-pa
Author
byed-mkan; zal-ydams
bris-mkan
473.
Authority cab;
mfu.
Authorize dban skur-ba.
Autumn
ston,
ston-ka.
Avalanche /ca-rud.
Avarice
ser-sna; ham-pa.
Aversion
skyo-sas; Krel;
to feel an
skyo-
ba.
Avert
zlog-pa; ycod-pa.
Avoid
ycod-pa; spoh-ba; Odzem-pa.
Await
sgug-pa.
Away par
341
; yas
508-
Awkward
rtsal-med;
mi
ses-pa.
Awn
gra-ma.
Awry /i'yom-Kyom;
ca-cus; yo-ba.
Axe
sta-re;
ste-po.
Axiom
yzi-ma.
Axle-tree
srog-sin.
Ay ^o-nd.
B
Babbling
s. col-cuii.
Baby pru-gu
cun-nu.
Back s.
rgyab; Itag-pa;
the small of the
-
sgal-pa.
Back adv.
rgyab-tu; pyir.
Background
mfil.
Bacon sbo-fsil.
Bad
nan-pa', fu-ba; gyi-na; btsog-po
W.
Badger gnim-pa.
Bag sgyiu,
sgyig-gu; sgye-mo; pad;
leather
-
rkyal-pa;
small
rkyal-bu.
Bail
(person) dge-rgdn; lag-mi.
Bakehouse bkad-sa.
Baker
yyos-mk'an.
Balance
(pair
of
scales) tu-lti; bat-ti;
sran.
Balcony rab-ysdl.
Bald fer.
Ball
go-la; bo-lo;
musket rdeu
6'.,
rin-di
W.;
cannon
fu-fum.
Ballista
sgyogs.
Balustrade
lag-yziins.
Banana
skyes-sdon.
Band
(gang) Ryu, /cyu-bo.
Bandage ras-t'dg;
leb-ma, leb-fdgs.
Bandeleer
ga-sa.
Bandy-legged rkan-kyog.
Banish
spijug-pa.
Bank
(shore) K,ris; Qgram; nogs;
dno;
-
of a river
cu-Ka, cu-^ram,
cu-mfa.
Banker
bun-bddg.
Banquet
s.
mgron.
Baptism
Krus 51-
Baptize
Icrus
ysol-ba.
Barbarian kla-klo.
Barbarous
O
tcob.
Barber
breg-mKan.
Barberry skyer-pa
W.
Bare
rjen-pa;
footed
rkan-rjen.
Bark
s.pags-pa; sun-pa;
of a
species
of
willow
sgro-ba;
-
of the birch-tree
gro-ga.
.14
Assist - Bark
Assist zla-oo or grogs byed-pa.
Assistanoe .kyab8; My0b8; r«_'lIlJa.
Assistant g1VJfJ8; ya-dQ ra--mJa-pa.
ASSDe i ate s. f}1'Of}s; z14-Oo; ya-diJ IY.; rogs.
Assoeinte vb. to be -d c!lfO!J8-
pa.
A saume ..lwi-ba.
Assurance rdeii; blo-ytJd, bw-ydbi,
AsterislD s/.:ar-ma.
Asthmfl, dbugff rdzuli-ba.
Astonished, to be - l/(l-lfU"]XJ_
Astonishment no·m(saf; ya-m'san.
Astray, to go - J'yar-ba; v. also sub
yan-pa ClOG.
Astride, r.o put - sl'!Joll-pa.
Astringent l4J,.a-!Ja.
Astrolo,:;:y sJ,.·ar-dpydd,
Astronomy skar-rnl$ 439.
Asunder M-8Qr 578; to tear - odral-ba.
At /..'0.1'; mJun-du; na 2!l8; risa/' 431.
Athlete [I,Vad.
Atmosphere rlwi-gyi d'yil.Jior 11.
Atom ,Ylul.
Atonement 8f.{ig-b8dffl.
Attach otJogtt-pa; 3dom-pa, ,·tod.pa.
Attach cd zug-pa C. 4(;(;; t.o ue - cags-pa;
zen-pa.
Attachment J'ri-ba; (<lfI3-pa; ZNI·oJzin.
AHack rub-pa.
Attain 8IJ''Ubfa; (oo-pa; "'!lttl-po.; v alw
Pyi/l-po..
Attend vb. n. 8l:!Jo,i-ba; \·b. a. ::la-lxJ byffi-
pa; nya-ra byed-pa.
AtLellda,nt )'01', J.!Of-f,lfOY,
Y!J<IfI-,,/ior.
B
Attention ynyer-fu; zon.
Attenti\'e r(anfO.
Attitude stalis; sp!Jod-w.m; rnam-o!I.yur,
idad-fsul.
A ttri bute s.bljad-pagramm.; rtU1Pjm('an,
m(san-nyw.
Auction ni-lam.
Auditory (in a monastery) kun-dga-I'a-
ba 4.
Augment vb. n. 'Ylyas-pa; opel-JJa; vb. a.
ipel-ba.
Aunt ne-nIM/w; 'a-nc; if'U.
Auspice ca; rtm-/.tril.
Authentic tit'8-:]X1
Author byed-ml.'anj ::al-ydalm bl'iNnfan
473.
Authority cab; 7/I(U.
Authorize dbait M'Ur-ba.
Autumn slim, slm-la.
Avalanche !fa-rod.
A \'arice iCl'-8na; ham-po.
A version Itl'el; to feel an - sk!Jo-
b,.
A vert zlag-paj rCod-po..
A voi d rCod-pa; s[XJli-ba; "dum-po,
Await ,gug-pa.
Away par 311; !JUs 008.
A wkwa rd mal-rIlM; mi its-pt.
A WD [!I'a-mll.
A wry t:yom-/lyitm; ca-Cit8; yo-ba.
Ax c sta-I'ej stc-po.
Axiom r::i-11la.
Axle-tree sI'oy-iiti,
A)'
.'
J
BabUling s. l'.al-fiili.
Baby JIru-Yu lilli-nIl.
Back s. J'gyab; Itag-pa; till, smull of tile _

Back udv. 'I'!lyab-iltj [fiJi/·.
Background m(il.
Bacon s!xrfsil.
Bad ,ian-pa; f'u-ba; wji-nll; blso!/-po 11'.
Badger !If'Um-po.
Bag Sg!JI«, 8fJ!flfJ-gu; lJf!ye-1llQ; pad; leather
- rkyal1Ja; smull - doyal-bu.
Bail (person) dge-rgtin; IIlg-1l1l.
Bakehouse Mad-sa.
Baku
BaJa nee (p(tir of IICl1les) fu-Ui; bat-ti; sn&
Balconr rab-rial.
Bald (er.
Ball go-1a; bo_w; masket Nro G., ,,'n-lIi
W:; CAIlnOIl - (u-liml.
BnII i II t a
Balustrade 1I'g-'::'I0;s.
Bannnn
11 II nd (gllllg') llyn, I;yu-bo.
Ihndagc "(l$-fag; feb.ma, leb-fugs.
Ullnde]eer ga-sa.
Bandy-legged rkan-'ydg.
Banish 8p!;Ug-pa.
Ball k (shore) o''ris; 09rfl7ll; li?Usj d,io;
of a lircr &-fa, "fu-09rtl1U, cu-JIlf«.
Banker bun-bddg.
s, mgMn.
Baptism l'ruB &1,
llaptize frus J'8ol-b/j.
Barbarian lola-kid.
llo.rbarous o/i'OO.
Barber
Barberry d'!Jtr-pa
Bare f)m-P/j; - footed rA'/jIi-r)hl,
13 ar k s, pags-P/j; - of a species of
'.'1l1owB£lro-ba j - ofj he birclJ·trCf" !I''O"flIJ.
I lark Bice 815
1)11 I k \ l>. II. .11,1
I'll.
Muilcy mis; XO-/HI;
bnilril
ylnin;
com
Barm
Barter vb.
I-JI--/KI:
Base s.
y:i;
rman.
Bashful
no-bab-jxi;
<lz<'iii-l><ty-can.
BftSfifnlness
//</.
i
'
:i
-
i 11 ktt-to-rit :
:i-llii-pan-tse.
Basis
Ogram-yki; ma-y:i.
Basket
i>i'-rn\ fw-po; yzed-ma;
a small
-
of reed
bay-tse.
Mat
(animal) j>a-in'iii.
Bath /V*MS.
Bathe
Km-ba,
Jci'ud-pa.
Battle
/j/tt/, O
fab-mo.
Bawling adj.
ca-co-can.
Bay (gulf) #<7;
cu-Kug;
mf
so-lay.
Bay-coloured smug-po.
Bayonet san-gin
W,
Bazar Krom.
Be
yin-pa, resp. lags-pa,', yod-pa; Odug-pa;
mcis-pa; mna-ba;
ynas-pa;
thereis,
there
are
Odug;
mcis.
Beadle
(in
a
monastery) age-bskos; dye-
Beam
(timber) ydun-ma\
of
light yzer\
^od-yzer.
Bear vb. a.
(to bring forth)
btsa-ba;
skyed-
/>; (to carry) QKur-ba,
Jc,yer-ba\ feg-pa,
Qfogs-pa\ (to suffer) yzod-pa, fub-pa.
Bear s
,
brown
dom\
yellow
dred^KA^
the Great Bear smin-bdun.
Beard
rgya-bo', swa-ra;
'ag-fs6m\
of
corn
gra-ma.
Beast
dud-^ro;
of burden
Kal-ma',
-
of
prey ycan-zdn.
Beat
ryyab-pa; rduh-ba;
rdegs-pa\ Opam-
par byed-pa\
to the drum
skroy-pa;
to
-
the
gong,
the
cymbal
v.
Jtrol-ba;
to be
beaten
O vam-pa.
Beautiful
mdzes-pa; bzah-ba\
legs-pa',
sduy-pa\ dya-ba; bde-ba\
appearance
or colour
bkrag; mdans-,
form rnam-
Because v.
kyi 6;
pas
323.
Beckon
lag-ordd
oyed-pa.
Become
skye-ba; ^gyur-ba;
ca-ba W.
Becoming
(comely),
to be
^os-pa.
Bed
mcis-mdl]
nyal-Kri.
Bed
(garden)
fsas-ktin.
Bedding mal-g6s, mal-cd', yzim-*<-<i.
Bedfellow
mal-grogs, resp. yzim-yroys.
Bedstead
mal-Kri',
mcis-mdl.
Bee
bun-ba;
sbran-ma.
Beer
can;
carousal
caii-sa;
house can-
Lan.
Beetle
sbur-pa.
Befool
mgo
skar-ba.
Before adv.
sha-ma, sna-gon 135; snan,
S/KH;
xiniii
i:;r,:
.s/i/>n,
mon-<ln i:iT:
prep.
dniii-ilii
-ji;:;; >inlnn-du
273.
Beforehand \.*n<i\ >//////,
.s//^// : to be
-
sna-ba.
Beg zu-ba;
yol-l>n.
Beget bso-ba\
skyed-pa.
Beggar spran -po',
Idom-bu-lm:
b<-y
Begin
vb. n.
cas-pa; jug-pa; mgo
pa\
to to exist
skye-ba;
vb.a.
rtsom-pa;
Odzugs-pa.
Beginner las-dan-po-pa.
Beginning
s.
mgo, mgo-ma; ^o-ma;
.v.o-
mo;
s
non-ma; foy-ma;
and end
(head
and
tail) mgo-wyug.
Begotten cad-pa;
to be
cays-pa.
Behalf v. don no.
3,
259.
Behave
Oyrul-ba.
Behaviour
rnam-^yur
;
spyod-pa
.
Behead ske
ycod-pa.
Behind adv.
rtin; ]>a-rol-na
338;
pyi, /',V'-
s
i
prep, o^ab;
v.
rgyab
107.
Behold
inter], kye-lio
1.
Being
s.
Ogro-ba;
lus-can,
sems-can.
Belch s.
syreg-pa;
vh.n.
sgreg-pa don-/>".
Believe vb. n.
dad-pa
249;
vb. a.
yid (fugs
or
bderi)
ces-pa.
Bell
dril;
metal
mKar-ba, Kar-ba;
-
wether
Kyu-mcog.
Bellows
sbud-pa.
Belly grod-pa; Ito-ba, ysus-pa.
Belong ytogs-pa;
miia-ba; belonging
to-
gether
fe-m/can W.
Beloved
yccs-j)a;
mon-za-can.
Below adv. ma
408; man-cad, man-cod;
prep, ^.og
501.
Bench
graL
Bend vb.a.
kuy-kug byed-pa; skyil-ba; dgu-
ba;
guys-pa; yum-pa; Odud-pa;
vb.n.
mgo
dgur-ba; dgye-ba.
Benefit v.
skyed
29;
don no.
3,
259;
pan-
pa, pan-ydn;
for the of
pyogs-su;
don-
du
Benevolence
pan-pai
sems.
Bent
(crooked)
/
r
os;
J?yog-po; gug-ge-ba;
dyu-ba.
Benumbed v.
sbnd-pa.
Bereave
Opral-ba;
to be bereft
O
bral-ba.
Besides k<i-rti, />//; s1eit-dii\ >nhi.
min-jm.
Besiege
skor-ba.
Besprinkle cog-cdg byed-pa
or
jlebs-pa.
Best s.
mcog
1GG;
don no.
3, 259.
Bestow
sbyin-pa;
ster-ba.
Better,
to
get
the of
fub-pa
\
ryyal-ba.
Between bar-Id.
<l'-l>ur;
yseb-na, yseb-la;
from
-
bar-nas.
Beverage skyems
: btun-ba
244.
Beyond pa-rol-Jia; pan-cdif.
B ho tan
J~uy-ii.
Bice,
blue
sno-skyd.
- Rice G15
BlIrk vo. n. :IIY']JII.
Barley rillS; ",-llll; boill'd yillm; - corn
m/.l.
Bp, fUl jmhs; ,btlli_clI.
Rarter vb. rjt-JJa; sddJ..]XI.
Bllse s. yii; l"11lU';.
BII j; hf u I iHJ./xIb-ra; d::tlll.QII!J-i:ml.
Ba>lhfulncss J.nl.
Bilsin ka-to-raj ::i-lin1Ian-tu.
Bilsis lIIa-rzi.
BlIsket tJu:-po; II small-
of re<'d baq-tu.
Rnt (nil imllf) jia-I(·un.
Batll At,,".
Bathe o"ru-ba, ilrlld-pU.
Rattle fYlll, o(ub-mo.
DlIwling adj. ea-co-rnn.
BAJ' (gulf) J.'rlg; 1:tl-lMy; m{/JQ-{dy.
Oay-coloured tmlllY-po.
Hllyooet san_gin w:
B/l,1.IH I.'rom.
Dc .yin-pa, resp. {uU3-paj yod-pa; o,hl!I1Ja;
mc,$-pa; j there is, there
lire dllgj mCt3.
lIetidfe (in a Uionn.".lery) Ilue-bJ:6:lj dye-
l'JdfJ.
Beam (timber) ydwi-Ill(lj - of light y::el';
pd-y:cr.
Benr vb. a. (to bring forth) btsa-baj 3kllCll-
pa; (to enrry) JtU,...ba, r.J.'ye....ba; {eg-pa,
o{OfIa-paj (to suirer) y::l)( -pa, {1Ib-pa.
Benr s, brown - dom; yellow - Ihwl26lj
the Great Benr smln..fxbin.
Bellrd rgya-bo; sma-raj 'ay-homj - of
com !Jra-ma.
Benst dllll-.,fro; - of burden A'al-lIIaj -
of prey y1:"n-:dn.
Beat rgyllb-paj rdlUi-baj ,-dt!J!"JXI;
pal' blled-Pllj to - the drum skrOfl-Jlilj to
- the gong, the cymbal v. i.'/'ol-ba; to he
oeaten o{lum-
l
/(/'
Bcautifu 111(J::c'-pa; bzali_ba; lMp-pa;
31lu.'J-pa; dya-baj bdc-ba; - "ppettrMCe
or colour &:rugj mdalis; - forln rnam-
diY"'"
Beell.tlSC Y. 17li Gj pll03 323.
Beekon wg-brdd b!Jcd-"n..
Bccome sA"!Jt-ba; o!Iyul·.baj clI.Qa W.
Bccoming (comely), to be -
Bed tllcu.-mdlj l/yul-A'ri.
Bed {.<18.A'I(li.
BcddlnJ{ mal-yCi, mul-clij rzim-ld.
Bedfellow lIlal-?"o(jS, resp. yzim"f/l'Of!s.
Bedstead 'IIlal-Alij IIIci_Ili!.
Bee bwi-bllj Ibmli-ma.
Beer lWi; -cnrousnJ -!Iousc lali-
J.'uli.
Beetle 3bllr1Ju.
Befool tllgo ,h.Qa.
Bcfore ad\". a/iu-ma, S/ia-U6A .MUrIf,
snllr, 'nUll l36j ";011, ,Mm-tl'l 137; prell.
If/1l/i-I/u ",duno/ln 27:1.
BcfnrcllUod v. IIiaj .nan, W be -
a,ja.Qu.
Bcg zu.Qa; ywl-b/l.
Beget bAo-baj d"ffi'd-]la.
l.Ieggltr -I)Oj /dm/l_bl/,.fmj - Voy
1I]Imti-Jil'lig.
Begin vb. n. OOS-]I<I; jll!J-paj f/l!JO 01l:1I!J-
]lu; to - to exist sl.:!Je-ba j \·b.ll. ,.tMlJlI-JH';
/l:ug,.pll.
Beginner lUNWi-prplI.
Beginning s. 'IIIfJIJ, myo-maj of}o-Itlaj 'flO-
1110; s/iolt..-nlU; fog-ma; - lind end (head
and mil) mgo-mJu!J.
Begotten cud-pa; to be - CIIos-I'"'
Behalf \". (ron no. 3, 25'J.
Behave o!1"ll-lJa.
Be h Il. vi ou r ma1ll-.,f/!flll'; spyod-lm.
Behead d·c yCod-pa.
Behind ad\". rti,jj f'a-,'Ol-na 338; f'lIi, JilJia;
prep. .sabj \". rgyab t07.
Behold interj. J:ye-lld 7.
Being So o!1ro-baj 1M-can, sem,-1:tm.
II elch s. 3gJ"ey-pa; vb.n. Sf/'Y'!I-fJl' odon-pa.
Heline I'u. n. dad-pa 2-1!Jj \'u. t1'lIirl ({II!!'
or !K/en) lea-pa.
Bel! ddlj - mcml mfur-btl, oA'w'-b«j
wether
Bellows slmll-pu.
Belly grod-pa; lto.ba, YSU3-pll.
Belong ytO!fl.l1Jaj mna-bu; lJelonging to-
Rether fe-milan W:
Bel 0 \' cd yets-paj 1/I0n-!:a·ClIn.
Below adv. ma .103j man-lOO, /llan-cOd;
prep. 501.
Bencb g,·al.
Ben d \"u.a. kllfJ-k,ig b)JCfI-pa; BI.'!Ji1.Qaj dglf-
baj gll!JS"fHI; !f1lm-paj odlld-pa; vb. n. "'flO
d!JU,.-ba; d.q!lc·ba.
v. akyed w; don DO. 3, 2:J!J; pan-
po, p'all-ydn; for tile - of p'yo!Js-su; don-
dll
Benc\'olence pall-paz" &C't'l$.
Dcnt (crooked) fO,i'j !JlIg-ge-ba;
(/yll."OO.
Den UUi bed \-. ,brid_pa.
Bereave o1lTl./l-ba; to l>e bereft in·u!.-ba.
Oesidcll l.'a""'l"1./, A'arj ateli-dltj 'min, ttliJl-pa.
Besie$e sJ.:or.Qa.
Uespnnkle cag-cag b!Jed-JliI or
Best So mlO!J IG6j dim no. 3, 2W.
Bestow Wyill-pll; ater-ba.
Bettor, to the - of tub-pa; "gyal-lJa.
Between ba,"'la, yseb-na, pcb-la;
from - !K,,"'nas.
Reverllge ';'"!Jflllaj btll,j-ba 214.
Beyond lia-rol-na; iHm-cdd.
nhotl\n obJouy-pa.
B' eQ., bluo - ,lio-sJ.yd.
616
Bid Branch
Bid
sgo-ba; jug-pa'-, Odom-pa.
Bier
Kyogs; dgu-Kri.
Big ccn-po;
with child sems-can dan
Idan-pa;
with
young sbrum-pa.
Bigness Ko-lag.
Bile
mKrit-pa.
Billet
ofwood
mgal-pa
;
sin-dum.
Billow
cu-ri, cu-rlabs;
dba-klon.
Bind
O cin-ba; Odogs-pa; sdom-pa; QKyig-pa.
Biped rkan-ynyis-pa.
Birch- tree
stag-pa.
Bird
bya; dab-cdgs;
little
mcil-pa.
Birdcage bya-Kdn.
Birdsnest
bya-fsdn.
Birth v.
skye-ba^; high skye-ba mfo-ba;
low
skye-ba
dma-ba.
Birthplace skye-ynds.
Bishop do-dam-pa
257.
Bison
(Indian) glaii-to.
Bit
(small piece) fcam, tfam-fsdd;
cag-dum;
brul.
Bit
(of
a
bridle) srab-lcdgs.
Bitch
Kyi-mo.
Bite vb.
i^mug-pa; O
ca-ba.
Bitter
tfa, Ka-po,
fca-ba
36.
Bittern
cu-skyar.
Bitumen
brag-zun.
Black
adj. nag-po.
B lack s.
(centre
of a
target) rtags.
Blacksmith
Icags-mgdr.
Bladder
(urinary) Igaii-pa.
Blade
(of grass) jag-ma; soy-ma.
Blade
(of
a
sword)
Ice.
Blame vb. a.
spyo-ba; smad-pa, smod-pa.
Blame s. klan-ka.
Blank
adj. stoii-pa.
Blanket
grum-tse; tsa-dar;
ca-ra
152;
sa-
pos
Ld.
Blasphemy skur-pa.
Blast vb.
ycog-pa,
Blaze s. mdons.
Bleat
Jba-ba.
Bleed
ytar-ba,
rtsa
ycod-pa.
Bless sno-ba.
Blessed
skal-lddn',
bde-
gro\ yyan-can.
Blessing
s.
byin, byin-rlabs ;
bkra-sis
;
bsno-
ba\ pan-yon' yyan; rgyan
107.
Blind
mdons-pa\ zar-ba,
mig-zdr;
lon-ba.
Blister s.
(pustule )
cu
-
sgart ;
cu
-
bur;
(plaster) ^ibs-sman.
Blister vb.
Qjibs-pa' jibs-swan jug-pa.
Blood
Krag\ y Krag-can.
Blooming
bkra-ba.
Blossom vb.
Jbar-ba.
Blot out
Opyid-pa\
sel-ba.
Blow vb.
Jbud-pa.
Blow s.
Icag.
Blue
shon-po, sno-bo\
deep sno-nag; pale
-
sno-skyd; sno-sar/s',
sky
mfin.
Bluff s.
gad-pa.
Blunt
rtul-po-,
vb. also Ka IV. no. 5.
Blushing (the
act
of)
tio-fsa.
Board s.
span-leb; sin-leb; glegs\ sgo-rndm\
-
of a door
sgo-glegs;
of a
ship
zur.
Boast vb.
rlom-pa.
Boasting
s.
Ka-fso, Ka-po; yus.
Boat
gru.
Boatman
gru-pa; ko-mUan\
mnyan-pa.
Bodily dnos-su\ mnon-sum-du\
zal-dnos.
Body lus; yzugs; sku;
linen
gos-ldg.
Boil s.
(ulcer)
cu-bur' sa-bur W.
Boil vb. a.
skol-ba;
to down
sgor-ba;
vb.
n.
Kol-ba\
to over
lud-pa.
Boiling adj. Kol-pa,
/col-ma.
Boldness
no-mig \rtul-pod-pa.
Bolster
snas; ydan.
Bolt s.
bur\
v. also
yya
and si-ri.
Bolt vb. a.
yya rgyab-pa\
si-ri
cug-ce
W.
Bond
Odzin;
zin-bns.
Bonds
bcin-ba.,
bcins-pa; Q
cin-ba.
Bone
yduh] rus-pa',
s of fish
gra-ma.
Book
dpe\ glegs-bdm\ po-ti.
Books
(literature) cos;
book-language
cos-
skad.
Bookstand
dpe-Kri.
Boot
lham\
leather half- boot
krad--pa
8.
Border s.
gru] mfa-ma; sna; mu\
mfsams.
Bore vb.
rtol-ba;
Jbigs-pa.
Born
cad-pa;
to be
skye-ba] btsa-ba;
Jfrun-ba, kruns-pa\ Itams-pa.
Borough gron-fso.
Borrow
skyt-ba; brnyan-pa; yyar-ba.
Bosom
snam-brdg; pan-kebs.
Botch vb.
glan-pa.
Both
ynyis.
Bottle
bum-pa.
Bottom
ytin ;
mfil
;
zabs,
Bough yal-ga.
Bound vb. n.
O par-ba.
Boundary mfsams,
sa-mfsams.
Bow vb.
Odud-pa; *skyed kug
tan-ce* 16 W.
B o w s.
(compliment) pyag.
Bow s.
(for shooting) yzu.
Bowels
rgyu-ma;
naii-Krol.
Bowl s. ko-re
W.;
kon-po; pa-tra; por-pa;
yzon-pa; beggar's Ihun-bzed;
of a
tobacco-pipe gan-mgo.
Box s.
(chest) sgam\ sgrom; gau; pa-ri;
on the ear
^ram-lcag.
Boy byis-pa;
infant
Kyeu.
Bracelet
ydu-bu; lag-)'
dub.
Brag sgeg-pa.
Brahma
fsans-pa.
Brahmin bram-ze.
Braid vb.
y
cud-pa.
Brain
klad-pa; glad; mgo-kldd.
Bramble fser-ma.
Bran
fsag-ro.
Branch
(bough) yal-ga; gel-pa;
v. also
Icug-pa
149.
6IG
Bid - Bnmcb
Did 3[!O-Oa; Ju9fu; odo/tl.pa.
Bier
Big e",,-po; - with child _-0011 dOl.
ldan-pa; - with young sbrum-pa.
Bigness I!t>-ld{!.
Bile lIlfris-pa.
Bi llet of wood m,qal-pa; iii/i-dum.
lli How Zu-li, eu-l'la!.l3; dba-kblti.
Hi nd .pcin-baj odogt·pu; worn-pa; /l!Jig.pa.
Bipett
ili rch-trcll stag-pc..
Bird bya; dub-lriy,; little - mcil·pa.
Birdcage Qy(l.l!d,i.
Birdsnest ayo-flail.
Birth v. skye-ba '12; high - sk!/C-ho mfo-bo.;
low - wfl·(Ja (lma-Qu.
Birthplace sl.yc-rTl4$.
Bishop do·dulIi-pa 257.
Bi son (Indian) [lfail-te.
Bi t (small pieco) !..'am, !fam-fwd; cuy.-dlim;
broL
Bit (of a bridle) ,,"ab·ltd!p.
Bitc11
Bj to vb. ''lIIUg-pa; oca-ba.
Bitter I..'a, I.'a-po, J..'a-IJa 36.
Bittern Cu·sk!J(lI'.
Bitumen brag-zim.
Black adj. nag-po.
nlack s. (centre of II. target) rlag8.
Blacksmith ...'mgdl'.
Bladder (urinary) l!Ja,i-pa.
Blade (of grass) Jag-mG; 8og-ma.
Bla.de (of a slVord) {(e.
Bla me \·b. a. 8mad-pa, slIIed-pa.
Blame s.l:lan-ka.
Blank ndj. 3to/i ...pa.
Blanket f!l'um-t8ej tsu-darj cO,"'l'a 152; .0,-
""La.
BI as rhemy u,-u1'11a.
Blast vb. yeog.pu.
Bh 1. e s. mdQli8.
Bleat oha-ha.
Rleed rtar-ba, rao' rCod·lIU.
Bless slio-ba.
Blessed skal-ldau; !Jde'o!J''Q; )!lwj-can.
Blessin g s.b!Jin, ukra...tis; bt,,j()-
ooj lan-YOnj mai.; I'fJYUIl 107.
Blind IIldotis...pu; Z/lI'-Qa, miy... hi.l'; 10'i-ba.
Blister s. (pustule) clI-8ga';j C'u-lltlfj
(plaster)
Blister vb. JiW-paj Jiw-sman JU!J-pa.
8100d llragj - y {;I'ag...can.
Blooming Mfa-bO,.
Blossom vb. bar-ba..
Blot out o1jyiJ-pa; ul-lJa.
BlolV vb. Jnu.l·pa.
Blow s.leag. •
BI ue 8ilon-po, 8,io-wj deep - .#o-na.'I; pale
- 81iNkydj soio-8ali8j slr.y - m(iil.
Blu ff s. gal.l-pa.
Blunt rtut-POj vb. a1ilO flu IV. no. 5.
Blushinf'( (the net of) ';0-(8a..
Board s. span...Ub; Aili-lib; gWftj s9?-nl(im:
- of n door 8!Jo-gliffl; - of a ship ZU'·.
Boast vb. do·m-pa.
Boasting s. l.'a-(80, lta..po;!JU8.
Boat gru.
Boatman gru_pa; ko-mllun; mnyan-pa.
Bodily dtios-8U; mnon-wm-du; Zal-1U;&8.
Body Ius; YZU!J3j sku; -linen 908-ldg.
Boil s. (uloor) eu-Mrj iu-bUr IV:
Boil vb.ll. 8kal-buj to - down 8[JOr-baj vb.
n. 'iltol-baj to - over lud-pa.
Boiling adj.l.'ol-pa, liol-'llia.
Boldness no-mig; rtul-/'!odfa.
Bolster 3nas;rdan.
Bolt s. bur; v. also fYa nnd 8i-ri.
Bolt vb. a. f!lu "9!Jub-pa; si-ri Cu[J-f:e IV.
Bond oJZill; ::in...bl'i3.
Bonds beili-bu, bein8"'paj o&,n-ba.
Bone F(iun; rm-paj -s offish 9"u..,lla.
Book dpe; ylegs-bdm; po-ti.
Books (literature) cos; book-language (03·
skod.
Bookstllnd
Boot lIwrI/; lenther Imlf·boot kl'O(l-I>a 8.
Border s. gru; fll(a-maj 811a; mu; lId8ums.
Bore vb. I·tol-baj oM[ls-pa.
norn l!ad.pa; to be - skye-w; baa-baj
krtai8-pa; ltam8.pa.
Borough If/·O,j"'(30.
Borrow Ncyl-bu; bNi!Jan-pa; )'!Ja/·...ba.
Bosom snam-brag; pu".I.Cw.
Botch vb. glun-pu.
Both rnyi8.
Hottle bum-pa.
Bottom rtin; m(il; ZflUs.
Bough ./jut"'ga.
Bound \·b.n. opa"...bu.
Boundary mf3a1m,8a..m(8ams. •
Bow vb. odud-pu; -8kyed kU!J tmi-c/!- 16 IV:
Bow s. (compliment) Jl!JllfJ.
Bow s. (for shooting) )"ht.
Bowels rrJ!fU-muj na,;·J..'r&l.
Bowl s. /w--re 1V.; kan...po; pu.tf"(l; pOl,.pa;
rZ(uj"'pG; beggar's - lJ,wj-b::Mj - of a
tobacco-pipe [lait-m!Jo.
Box s. (chest) 8!Jalllj 8grfJlII; gunj l,a.,·i;
- 00 the ear o!JI'allt-ieag.
Boy byi8-pa; infant -
Bracelet lug-)'ditb.
Urng 3geg-pU.
Brahma f8<l1i&-pa.
Brallmin urum_ze.
Braid vb. reud-pa. _
Brain klad-pu; gladj lIIgo... kldd.
Bramble (ser-ma.
Bran (sag-ro.
Branch (bough) yal.ga; !Jll-pa; v. also
lCu£f.-pa 149.
Brandish
- -
By
f,17
Brandish
dbyug-it.
Brandy \i-rdg.
Brass
ra-gan;
can <
:
n/>-
rkyan.
Brave
adj. des-pa; dj><t(-/>d)\ ^fm-lxi.
Brawls v. klnn-ka
8.
Bread
bag-leb (".;
ta-gir
W.
Breadth Ka-zeh
; ken, y:
cii .
Break vb. a.
ycog-pa;
to one's
promise
^al-ba;
v.
Ocal-ba;
v.
fj^-pa;
vb.n.
<$as-
/'(/: Jtag-pa;
to forth
rdol-ba;
to
-
out
O cor-ba;
lah-ba.
Breakfast s.
gro;
dro
C.;
fsal-ma W.
Breakfast vb. fsal-ma za-ba.
Breast
nu-ma; bran,
resp.
sku-ltrail.
Breath
rham-pa; dbugs; rlahs-pa;
to be
out of dhah-ba.
Breathe r
ham-pa.
Breeze rlun.
Bribe s.
pag-sug.
Brick
pag, pag-bu
;
so-pag.
Bricklayer rtsig-bzo-pa
Bride
bag-ma;
's maid
bag-grogs-mo.
Bridegroom bag-po, mag-pa
col.
Bridge
zam-pa.
Bridle s. srao.
Brier fser-ma.
Bright bkrag-ban\
Krol-Krol\
yzi-brjid-can;
fod-can; ysal-ba.
Brightness bkrag\ diiom-pa\
mdans',
O
fser-ba; zil; yzi\ yzi-br)id; jtd.
Brilliant zil-can.
Brim
gru.
Bring skyel-ba', Kye)'-ba; Jcyog-pa', Jfyoh-
6a; Kyol-ba\
to
along
with
Jirid-pa',
to on
skyed-pa\
to round
skul-ba;
to
together sprod-pa
;
to
up ysos skyed-
pa.
Brisk
Kram-pa.
Bristle s.
Kab-spu.
Bristly rtsub-po.
Brittle Krol-mo.
Broad
pal-can\
zen-can.
Broken
dkrum-pa\ cag-j>a, cag-po;
country
lean-Icon.
Bronze v. Kro
52; m/car-ba,
Kar-ba.
Brook s.
grog-ai\
cu\ bab-cu;
cu-pran.
Broom
pyag-ma\ ^l-mo.
Broth sa-Kii.
Brother
spun, resp. meed',
father's Ku-
bo\
mother's
zan-po,
^a-zah
W.\
a
sister's
mih-po;
elder
jo-bo,
col. 'a-
)6; resp./c^w; younger nu-bo;ycun-po;
no
W.', religious cos-spun;
brother
in law
skud-po.
Bruise vb.
grug-pa.
hr ush s.
pir;
zed.
Brute
byol-xoii
Bubble s. ',n
-Ii
in-', Unt-ba,
dbu-ba.
Bubbling Kol-pa.
Bucket cu-bz6m.
Buckle s. cab-ma.
Buckler
pa-li; jrub.
Buckwheat bra-bo.
Bud s
sbal-mig\
leaf
Kyi-gu.
Bud vb.
skye-ba.
Buddha sans
-rgyas
; rgyal
-
ba
;
rgyal-ba
gon-ma.
Buddhist
nait-pa.
Buffalo ma-he.
Bug ca-re; (lha) Odre-sig.
Build
rtsig-pa', cos-pa; Ogod-pa.
Building
s.
bkod-pa.
Bulk
boh',
Ihun.
Bull
glan-fug; ba-glan.
Bullet
go-la\ fsi-gu;
mould ka-lib.
Bullock
glah; spo-to
C.
Bun
lhas(-ma); lhas-dog; zim-zag
W.
Bunch
cam-pod; cog-pa; cag-bu, cag-mo;
cun-po; fsom-pa; yzab-ma.
Bundle
cun-po; pon-po; lag-kod.
Bung
Ka-
dig.
Burden s.
Kal; kur, Kur-po; Kres-po; ^ah
(-po).
Burn vb. a.
Ofsig-pa; sreg-pa;
vb.n.
O
bar-
ba.
Burning-glass
me-sel.
Burst vb. a.
ycog-pa;
vb.n.
Ogas-pa; O
for-
ba;
rdol-ba.
Bury
skun-ba.
Bushel Kal-bo.
Business
las; don;
ttag; gah-po; spros-pa;
*del-wa* 382
W.
Busy,
to be brel-ba.
But adv.
(only)
team;
v. man
411; conj.
v.
kyi; ^on-kyah; ^o-nd.
Butcher
san-pa
;
sa-fsoii-pa.
Butler
ysol-dpon.
Butter
mar;
fresh
skya-mdr.
Butterfly pye-ma-Ub.
Buttermilk
da-ra;
dar-ba.
Buttock rkub
; Opoh-fsos.
Button s.
sgrog-gu, sgrog-ril;
tob-ci,
fob-cu.
Buy nyo-ba.
Buzz vb.
Kro</-pa.
Buzzing
s.
<
?//
1
.
By kyi;
v. sub
rkyen; sgo-nas; pas;
close druh-du.
39
Brllodish dbro-lm,
Brandy'a-I'(lg.
Buss ra-gauj - ClUl (ah.,.J,:yan.
BTll Ye ndj. dl'n(-ha); 'IM.IHl.
Brawls v.ldalt-ka 8.
BreMd bafJ-tw G.; ta·gil' W.
Breadth I!a-:til; !om, ,:tll.
Break vb. n. rtog-pa; t? - ooe's promise
o!Jdt.ba; ,.. .,CflW>«; v. oJl{J-pa; vb.n.
va: ..'lag-pa; to - forth rdol-ba; to • out
.,O:Or-OO; lall·Wl.
Brctlkf""t 5. !J'"O; drQ G; ',"I-m" W.
BreAkfast vb. (,a(.'1IIaUl-b".
IJrcllllt nll..7Jla; bra/i, rasp. 11'1-61'«1;,
Breath I'/iam-pa; dbwg.; to 00
Ollt of - dtimi-ba.
IJrc"the T,iam-pa.
[lreeze rlwi,
Bribe s.pag"ug.
Brick pag,pag-bu: 8()-pag.
Bricklayer rtrig-b:::o-pa
Bride -'8 main b"g-yrog.-lIlo.
Uridegroom bag-po, "la!NJ" 001.
Bridge .:::am-t."
Bridle fl • • ra .
Brier (sel'.'ma.
Bright blr:rag-tan; J!,."l-J.'rOl: yzi-btjid-can:
.od-canj "al-ba.
Brightness /H.-roy; ("lom-pa; lIIdmi,;
o(ur.ba; zil; pi; r:;j-IJr)id;
Rrillil\Dt :;it-tan.
Brim fJ"i.
Br i ng u:yel-ba; jlyer-IJa; ol!!JO!J·pa; ol.'!J()lj·
ba; o"yol·ba; to - along with J!riafa;
to - Oil d'!Jed-pa; t.o - round d,tl-IJa; to
- together 'prod-pa; to - ul' rMM "''!Jed-
p',
Brisk
Bristle s. l:ab-,pn.
Bristly ,·tsub.po.
IJ r i tt IC I!rol-'11W.
Broad
Broken dkrum.pa; '{ag.l'a, c(J(j-]>o;
country R/i;/j-Ito,i.
Bronze v. lb'O W; mJ.:ar-ba, ol.'ar-ba.
Brook s. grog-Cui Cu; bafr'Clt; lu--pran.
Broom pyag.ma;
B ro t h 'a·,('u.
Brother 'plln, resp. meed; falher's - Cu·
hoj mother's - zali· po, 'a. za,j IV.; a
sister's - mi,i-]Xl; elder - fOJ. 'a-
)0; resI'. rem; youogcr - nu-ho; rbllj.poj
no IV.; religious - brother-
io law u.:ud-po.
Jlruise vb.
Brush 5'1.»l'j :;«1.
Brute byol-Id,i.
Bubble s. dlnt.-ba.
J!o/-.pa.
Bucket cu-f,:;Om.
Buckle So cab-mo..
Buckler pa·li; imf,.
Buckwheat bra-boo
Bud 8 abal·mig; lenf /fyi·fIU.
Bud vb.lk!}Na.
Buddha lo.li&.r!l!Jalj IY/9al.buj rgyal-ba
!fOil-mo..
Buddhist na,j-pa.
Huffnlo lIla·he.
Hug: i:a.,-t; (Iho.) dre-Aiy.
BUIld rtsigiJa; o&'-Pu; ..(,oo.-pa.
Building I. b/rod-pa.
Bulk boli; l1lun.
Bull glan-(u!J; ba-gla,i.
Bullet g<rla; hi-gu; - mould Iw..tib.
Bullock plan; lpo'to C.
Bun Iha1t-ma); Ihm.Jby; "tim,.;:a!J IV.
Bunch cam-pOd; cQ{}-pa; '{ag-bu, ca!J-m();
amr.; (WIII.pa; r::afrma.
Bund e Min-po; P()fl,-PO;
Bung Ita-"dip.
Burdcn S. /{ali J,Iur, fur-po; I.'rtI-po; ofJuil
(.".),
Bu r n vb. a. o(Iig-1'o.; Ireg-I'a; vb. n. "ba,'-
la,
Burni ng-glass 'me-iiI.
Burst vb. n. rCog-pu; vb.n. ofJaI-pu; 0(0,...
ba; ·rdlJl-ba.
Bur)' sI.:lln-ba.
Bushel flal-lxi.
Bus i nes s 1m; don; fa!!; gu,;-{X,; 'p''Ot-pa;
-ljel.-wa- 382 JV.
Bus y, to be - !n·el-IJu.
But ndv. (only) (sam; \'. tlMII 411; conj. v.
I.Y";
Bu tcher .ian-pa; ';a.(IO,i-IXl.
Rutler fIOl-dpon.
Butter 1110.1'; fresh - u''!Ja-tlUiJ·.
Butterfly];Ye-lIIa-I&.
Bunci-milk da-ru; dal··b«.
Buttock rkub; olHJ,j-(MJa,
II litton S. ¥Of/-!J'l, $[/''O!J-I'il; to?!-Ci, (OO-Clt.
Buy 'Ilyo-ba.
Bu 1,1, • vb. ol.'ro.,,-pa.
BUZZing S.
By l.'!Ji; v. Sllb f·ktft'n; &gO-11M; 1''''; ]iyir;
close - d,'U,i-{/li.
".
618 Cabbage
--
Ceremony
Cabbage
kram;
Chinese white
pe-tse,
pi-tsi.
Cairn
fo-yor; dur-pun.
Calamity
bkra-mi-sis; rkyen; Ogal-rkyen.
Calamus
cu-fdg.
Calculate
rtsi-ba;
rtsis
byed-pa; bgran-ba.
Calculation
rtsis.
Calendar
lo-fo.
Calf
be-to, be-do; beu;
of the
leg sgyid-
pa; byin-pa.
Call vb.a.
skad-pa; skul-ba;
Hug-pa; O f/ugs-
pa; sgrog-pa; Obod-pa;
v. also
byed-pa I,
2
and min
Odogs-pa
280;so-called
zes
byas-
pa;
vb. n. to to a
person
ke tan-wa
C.;
skad
gyab-ce
W.
; sgrog-pa ;
brgyan-ba.
Calm
adj. gya-ma-gyu;
v. dal-ba.
Calm vb. a. zi-bar
byed-pa.
Calumny pra-ma.
Camel
rna-bon;
male
rna-yseb,
female
rna-mo.
Camp sgar.
Camphor ga-pur.
Can s.
rkyan, cab-rkydn
155.
Cancer
(disease) lhog-pa; (constellation)
kar-ka-ta.
Candle
rkyon-tse.
Candy
Kan-da.
Cane
spa,
sba\ smyi-gu, smyug-ma\ <od-
ma.
Canine tooth
mce-ba,
mce-so.
Cannon
gyogs, sgyogs; Odzam-bur\
ball
fu-lum.
Canopy ydugs.
Caoutchouc
gyig.
Cap
fod-Kebs.
Caper
vb. n.
dkyu-ba.
Capital adj. kyad-par-can.
Capital
s.
(stock
in
trade)
v. ma
I, 2; fog
III.; (chief
city)
mfil;
rgyal-sa
W.
Captain Ogo-pa', brgya-dpon.
Captivate Odzin-pa.
Captive
s. btson.
Caravansary tsugs-Kan.
C ar aw
ay
1
.Carum^o-sn^/od
2.Cum'mzi-ra.
Carcass
ro, fen-ro; yzugs.
Card
yi-ge.
Cardamom
sug-rmel\
li-si W.
Cardinal
points pyogs
352.
Care s.
nya-ra-, ynyer-Ka;
to take *ka-
dar
co-ce*;
to take of
skyon-ba; *cag-
pajhe-pa*
C.-,
ynyer-ba;
to use
yzabs-
pa.
Careless
bag-med.
Caress vb.a.
mfun-par byed-pa; yag-po;
Jag-po byed-pa.
^
Carpenter
sin-mKan.
Carpet
stan.
Carriage (conveyance) bcibs-pa; bzon-pa;
feg-pa.
Carrion
JL'rums.
Carrot
gun-dmar-la-pug\
lca-ba;
se-rag-
dur-sman W.
Carry Jf/wr-ba\ Jtyer-ba, Jfyog-pa; Jfyol-
ba; skya-ba; skyed-pa;
to
away skyel-
ba; bda-ba;
to be able to
feg-pa
235.
Cart sin-rta.
Carter
sin-rta-pa.
Cartilage cag-krum.
Carve
)og-pa; Obru-ba,
bru-ba.
Case
(incident) rkyen; skabs;
in
gal-te
68;
na
299;
(sheath) subs;
(grammar)
rnam-dbye
314.
Cash
rnags
313.
Cashmere
/ea-cul,
fca-ce.
Cask zem.
Cast vb.a.
skyur-ba; rgyag-pa; Oclebs-pa;
Open-pa;
to
away O
dor-ba;
to down
Obebs-pa; Jbor-ba;
to
(metals) Idugs-pa.
Casting-mould lug-koh.
Castle
mKar;
po-bran;
rdzons.
Castrate
rlig-pa Jbyin-pa.
Cat
byi-la; bi-la, bi-li, pi-si
W.
zim-bu,
zum-bu C.
Catapult sgyogs
119.
Cataract
ri-yzar-cu.
Catarrh
cam-pa;
bro- fsdl.
Catch
Odzin-pa.
Catgut rgyus-skud.
Cattle
pyugs; breeding
rkan-
gros;
horn-
less
mgo-ril
W.
Caul
(anatomy) rgyu-sgrog.
Cause s.
rkyen; rgyu; rgyu-mfsan; origin-
al
=
yzi-ma.
Cause vb. a. v.
gugs-pa; Ojug-pa; yton-ba;
byed-pa.
Causeway so-log.
Caution s.
ynyer-Ka.
Cautious v.
ka-ddr;
gya-ma-gyu;
to be
*ka-dar co-ce*
; Ogab-pa.
Cave,
Cavern
pug-pa.
Cavity Kun; sbugs.
Cease
Oyay-pa; O cad-pa;
zi-ba.
Ceiling fog, ya-fog.
Celebrated
gzi-brjid-can.
Cell
grwa; *da-sdg*
75.
Cellar sa-fcdn.
Cemetery
dur-Krod.
Censer
pog-por, spos-por.
Censor
(of
a
monastery) dge-bskos
85-
Censure s. klan-ka.
Centiped
la-re
W.;
si~ri- bu W.
Centre
Ite-ba; mfil;
dbus.
Cerebellum klad-cun.
Ceremony co-ga;
sku-rim.
618
CllblJage - Ceremony
c
Cabbage Chinese white -
pi·W.
Uairn w-ydr; dur1'uJi.
Calamity bkra-m,.Ai3j rhJCII-j "gal-rAYeIl.
Calamus eu,..fdg.
Caleulato rtd-baj rUis byeJ.paj bgrait-ba.
Oalculation rUis.
Cnlend ar {o-fQ.
Cal f be-to, bN1o; lx:u; -- of the leg I!f!yid-
pai byin-pa.
CnU vb.a. •hul-paj skul-ba;
pal 3grog-paj JJOd-paj v. Msa b.1Jffi-pa I,
2 and mi,i "dog'-pa 2flOiso-cnlled Zet byl#-
pal vb. n. to - to a person kr' ((.IIi-lI;a C.;
Mad 9yab-i:e lV.; sgrog-pa; Qrqya,i-ba.
Calm adj. fl!Ja-ma-.gyU; v. dal-ba.
Calm vb. a. zi-l>ar bJltd-pa.
Calumny pra-11la.
Camel rna.oori; male - nia-Y8ib, fem:\lc
- rna-mo.
Oamp 8[Jar.
Camphor ga-pur.
Can s. rkyan, 100.
Cancer (disease) lhCJfl-paj (constellation)
l.·ar-ka-.ta.
Candle rkyt»i.t3t.
Candy l!aT}-r/a.
Cane .pa, ,00; 31llyi-gu, 811f!fU9-IIlUj ",od-
ma.
Canine tooth mce-ba, meNlo.
Cannon g8098, sg!f09a; "dzmn-bitr; - ball
(u-lu71l.
Cn.nopy rdugs.
Caoutchouc !!'Ii[;.
Cap (od-llebs.
Caper vb, n. dJ:yu.-ba.
Capital adj.lcyad-pur-ea1l,
Capittll s. (stock in trade) \'. ma 1, 2; (Of!
In.; (chief city) mfil; l'!J!lul.ga w:
,jJQ-pa; br!1!fa-dfXl".
Cnptlvate odzin-pa.
Capti ve s. bUo1l.
Cara,'ansar"y tBUgs-Jean.
Caraway I.Uaromgo-snyod,2.Cuminzi-,'a,
Carcass ro, (eri-ro; FUga.
Card !p-ge.
Cardamom aug-7mB; li-Ai tv.
Cardinal points PYQ[JB 352,
Ctlfe s. n,ya-ra; myt,...fa; to takc - ·1:a-
dar co-W'; to take - of aJ.yHi-ba; ·;;u9-
pa )hc..pa· C.; rn1Jf!t--oo; 10 use - rUlbB-
po.
Careless b<Uj-mid.
Caress \·b. n. mt1m-paI' byed-pa; YU{I-]JQ;
JtJfJ-P0 bYNl-pa. .'
Carpenter 8iIi-mKal1.
Carpet stan.
Carriage (conveynnee) bcifJs..pa; b?:on-pu;
(tg-pa.
Carnon
Carrot gwi-dmar.la-ftuy; lca-ba;
dur.gma1l lV.
Carry )'ur-ba; "l'yer-ba, ,,If,lJOfl-pa; "A'yol-
w; J.'yu-ba; s1cJJed-pa; to - nway lJ1,.'!Jel-
00; bda-baj to be nble to - (efNIU 235.
Cart ii,i-rfa.
Carter Siit-rta-pa.
Cartilaf:"c cUf/-frJ'um.
Can'e ol0[l:pa; im.l-OO, b"t-ba.
Case (inCident) dym; akabsj in - .'1nl-ft'
G8; l1a 2'.I'J; (sbeath) Aftbs; (grnmmnr)
l'num-dbye 314.
Cash YlWfIS 313.
Cllshroel'c 4'a-ce.
Cask :.:em.
Cnst vb. a, sJ,;yur-ba; ''fJ!ltJfJ-pa; l'em-puj
Jlen-pa; to - away "dm'-ba; to - down
"btfJs..pa; ,,60""00; to (welll!s) ldugs-pa.
Cnsting-mould lug-kfJll.
Castle mllar; rdzoies.
Castrnte rlig-pa "'.min-pa.
Cat bi-la, Ci-ii, pi-Ai IV.
him-buG.
Catapult 'fIlJ!>Y'IHl.
Cn til ract ri-yzar_cu,
Catarrh cam-pa; bro-,,(sal.
Cnte Ii "dzin-pa.
Catgut ''f/!fU8-skU.d.
Ontt1e ftlJU9a; breeding- rkaie-09''-Qsj horn-
- MfJo-rillV.
Caul (anatomy) ry!fIWYroy.
Cause s. rkyen; t'!JlJUj 'Y1YU"'lIl(sallj origin-
al - )'zi.ma.
Ca use vb, a. v. [JU!Js-pa; JllfJ·pa: )'toie-ba;
byeJ.-pu.
Cnuseway SQ-log.
Caution 8. m!Jlr-"ta.
Cauti 0 us \., ka-ddrj gya.ma-Y,lJlt; to be-
·ka-dar to-ee
4
; ,;Jab-pa.
Cave, Ca\'ern pug-pa.
Cavity "'un; &buga,
Cease 09'ag-pu; "lad-paj !:i-ba.
Ceiling (0[/, ya-(og,
Celebrated gzi-bljw-can.
Cell fJl'lca; ·(la·/1(}1/ 15.
Cellar ia.A'dli.
Cemetery dul'-Iirod.
Cen,<:er '£'09..ptJl', 'fJ081J1J1'·
Cen"or (0£ a monnstery) dge-bakos &/.
Censnre 8. klan-ka, -
Centiped W.j si-ri--"bu IV.
Cen tre lte-ba; mfil; dbla.
Cerebellu m Had-boUt
Ceremony eo-ga; sku-rim.
ic
Vrtan
819
Certain
in
>-//; ;/-f-///<i-<-<i>/^ in>-rt6g\
a
one
)'!-iii-!-i<i.
lain I
y y<lnn-nti-:<i-l'<ii-.
<
'
r r I a i n I
y iii's-jin
;
fa<i-c6d.
1 oil Idii-l.'tl.
('ha ft'
*i>nti-i'<t, s/>it/i-i>d(
nlntr-nni.
('li a in s. Inn/s /</>/;
/ti/,K/-f ('/>/.
i i / /
C liai r
/,/v;
rgya-Kri
<
.
(
'
lia i mi a n
kri-jxt.
(
'li a Ik fn-lt'
<lk<tr-po.
(
'
1 1 a in I) e r naii :
Kaii-mig.
(
'liampion gy<nl.
Chance s.
rgyu
no.
Change
s.
^/i/ur-ba]
res.
Change
vb. a
tgyw-ba\
rje-ba; spo-ba;
rd:n-ba;
to
-
place O po-ba\
vb. n.
^yur-
6a;
O p'o-ba.
Chant vb.
dgyer-ba.
Chaj)
vb.
^gas-pa.
Chapter
leu.
Character
(disposition) i'<j>jn<l\
inu'i;
no-
bo-nyid;
fsul\
rig-rgyud; *s?-yyi'f
<
'. :,c,-2.
Characteristic s.
rgyu-mfsdn
ill.
Charge
vb.
sko-ba\
rgol-ba\ mriay-pa;
to
-
\\ith
(to commission) ^el-ba.
Charge
s.
(commission) Kag.
C h a r i t
y snyin-rjc.
Charming dga-ba\ yid-du ^on-ba.
Chase vb.
O
cor-ba.
Chase s.
llyi-ra.
Chasm s.
rgya-ser.
Chastisement
cad~pa\
ful.
Chastity Krel-yod-, fsans-par spyod-jxt.
Chat vb.
jmr }'to/t-ba;
lab
yto?i-/ja.
Chattering
s. o-lo.
Cheap Kye-mo
W.\
rin cun-ba.
Cheat vb.blo
bi'id-pa; slu-ba;
yyo-zol byed-
pa; mgo
skor-ba.
Cheek
^gram-pa;
bone
Ogram-i'us;
tooth
Ogram-so.
Cheer vb.
glod-pa\ spro-ba skyed-pa; dga-
Ixir
byed-pa.
Cheerful
faiil-po; dga-mo\ sems-bde,
blo-
bdt.
Cheese
fttd; ^o-fud.
Chess-board
mig-mdn;
to
play
at chess
mig-man
rtse-ba.
Chest
(box) oau;
sgam\ sgrom\ (thorax)
brait,
resp.
sku-bru/'/.
Chew
Idad-pa.
Chicken
bya-piiig.
Chief
adj. dpon\ yteo;
-
justice
/V////.N-
dpon.
Chief s.
^go~pa\ dpon-po\ ytsn-bo; k//n-
mcdg.
Chiefly ytso-b&r, ytso-ci-r.
Child
pru-gu\ byis-pa;
bu;
v.
/;/////.
Children
bu-prug;
of the same
parents
(brothers, sisters) spun.
Chill s.
kyi-bini.
Chin
ko-k6\
ina-U.
China
i-</i/<i--n(i;/; f</i/a-yul',
modern name:
ma-li'i-<i-/Ki. iini-l, i-,i n : d;i\ /
<ua-pa\
-
ware k-a
/-!/<>/; ilkdr-ifnl;
rt-n. .:<//-/<//
C.;
sol-kar W.
Chinese s.
rgya-nag-i><i, /y///^/-//o-,
fcm.
i-</i/a-nag-ma, rgyu-'iii'*; ///.(/-//"'; plur.
rgya-rnams.
Chinese
adj. rgyai, ryya-nag-gi,
-
lan-
guage rgya-skdd;
-
paper rgy&ldg.
Chink
sgo-bdr.
Chip fsal-pa;
bin-tsaL
Chirping
s. ca-%6.
Chisel vb.
Q
brti-ba.
Chit-chat s.
^ur.
Choice
adj. mbog-tubkrab\ K'yad-par jxigs-
pa; Kyad-par-can.
Choke
dbugs sub-pa; *skye
tsir taii-ce*
W.;
ske bsdam-ste
ysod-pa\
to be choked man-
ba\
ske bsdam-ste
O ci-ba; Qtsub-pa.
Cholera
Kon-log W.;
nya-log
Sik.
Choose vb. a.
bkrab-pa
; Obyed-pa
; O
dzin-
pa;
vb. n.
(to like) dgyes-pa.
Chop
vb.
btsab-pa;
to
-
off
ycod-pa.
Chopping-block
sin-stan.
Chopsticks
fur-ma.
Chord
rgyud
in
Christ
skyabs-mgon
26;
ma-si-ka 410.
Chronic
adj. yun
riii-bai;
-
disease
ycoil-
ndd.
Chronicle
lo-rgyi'is.
Churn vb.
dkrog-pa\
zo
dkrog-pa.
Churn s. v.
gw-gur
70.
Chutney (Indian condiment)
fsu-u 441).
Chyle
dwaits-ma 249.
Ci meter
gn-gug.
Ci n a m o n sin-fsa.
Cipher
s.
mK,a\
fig-le.
Circle s.
skor, Kor, Kor-lo\ dkyil-Jfor;
sgor-mo, sgor-ttg.
Circular
adj. kyir-kyir\ gor-mo.
Circumference
dkyil-Jtor; Jior;
Ko-ra;
/cyon; mu-Kyud.
Circumstance
rkyen;
skabs.
Citadel
mKar;
rdzon.
Citizen
Kyim-bddg\ yul-jxt\ i/on-bday.
Citron
gam-bu-ra
W.\ spyod-pad
C.
City groii-Ky6r.
Civilize
O
dul-ba.
Claim s.
fob-fsir,
tob-srdl.
Clairvoyance
mnon-ses
133.
Clammy
rtsi-can.
Clamour s.
ku, ku-sgi'a,
ku-co;
sktnl-l<'></:
a-c6.
Clandestinely
sbas-te
W.\
v. also
Ikog-lii.
Clap
vb.,
to the hands
\-<I<I-CI'KJ bi/<d-j><t.
Clap
s.
(crash) sgui\W.\
Idim
\V.\
ldi
Clasp
vb. a.
Jtyud-ya\ Jcril-lxi.
Cla-p
s. <
:
/>-ni<i',
knife ltab-,jri.
C"11nin - Cll\si' 619
Ccrtni j ,jq..I'totl; 11-
O!lC }"·I!I-ny.
UertH.inly
C 'erl.ni Ilty ti""1....,; ((I!J-eM.
Veyl (Ill Iwi-ka.
Ch:,ff !JlUII-pa, sblUl-prlj 3lmr-1II11.
Glllliu "!lUf}-fti.ll.
Chnir rgya-lrrj ('.
Chftil'mnn
Clinlk
Cl1llmber llal'; !lali-lIIig.
CIlion pion [lyad.
Ch... nce s. '"!J.'l't UO-
Clinnge s. cfl'Jwr-baj res.
Cll1ll1ge vb. n s!JYIlf'-ba; Ije-ba; sJlo-bflj
nl::u-ba; to - place JIO-OO; vb. n. o!J!JUr-
ba; oljo-ba.
Cilnnt vb. dgytl-.ha.
Ch II. P vii. o!JtU-pa.
Chnpler lell.
Ch:II'neter l'!J.IfIU1; ,ja';j ,.0-
OO-'l.'fidj fsul; rig-rg!J1ld; G. (,(;2.
Uhlll':leteristic s, '"!J!JU·'lIIfsUflll1.
Cllll1'ge vb. sko-ba; rrpl-ba; 1Il1iag-pa; 10
- with (10 commiSSion) f!c[-IJa.
s. (commission)
Chnntl' '''yi,i-l'je.
Charming 1f!a-baj !lid-du
Chuse ,·b. oco,'-ba.
Chase s. I..'yi-ra.
L:hasru s. r[lyu-sk
Clll\stiseruent cad-pa; ful.
Chastitl' (salis·pa,' sP.'IOd1x1.
Chat vh. )·to,i-OO; lab ytmi-IJa.
Cllnttering s. ro-w.
CheAp Wj l'ill Cull-ba.
Cil en t vb. bto bn'd_pa; ,/,t-lJaj J'!jO-:dl bytd-
pa; 1IIgo d:or-ba.
Cheek o!lralll-pa; - hone o!lram-ru,; -
tooth o!JrUlII."o.
C!lee l' \·b. glod-pa; spro-OO dycd-pa; lIga-
bar byed-pa.
Cheerflll lirnl-po; dga-lIIo; ,elll,-bdt. blo-
"N.
Cheese (ad;
Chess-bollrd 1Ilrg-mli,'; to pIny at dlesll
fllIg..mUll rUt-OO.
Chest (box) galt; 'Yam; sg"olll; (tllOnlx)
bl'a", rC<>I'.
Chew Wadi)a.
Chicken bya-pNl{I.
Chief adj. dptm; l'UQ; - jlllltice kl1ms_
dro'l.
ChIef s. o!lo-pa; dpon-po; l'tJfJ-OO;
1II'Mg.
Chiefly yuo-lx:Jr, yl.8(}-"ler.
Child llru-g!l; byi,-pa; bu; v.
Children 6u-pNJg; - of Ihe !!ill/ne IUI.n>nl'l
(brothers, SpUl1.
Gil i II s. J..yi-bim.
Cllin ko-M; 'IIl(j,-li.
China 1'!Jyu-migj 'Y!la-yril; modem
tlla-',l1-n-m.,1/ln-hrf-Cillj day A'«lIl-pa;
- ware kal·-.'I&l; dkar-ytJl; re-p. :al-'wl'
C.; IOl-kar W.
Chine!!ie 1'. ''!!ya-llay-lm. 1'9!J(I,-/,0; fern.
l'!Jya-'lQg-ma, ''!!!lI.M,J{J; T'lJ!la-lIlf; lilliI'.
1'!!ya-'"lIam...
Mj. rg!Jlli, "!I!Ia-llUfj"!Ji, - 1110'
gunge rf!!I<Hkdd; - paper ,,!!ya-iotl.
Chink ago-bdr.
Chip (sal-pa; ii,j-f,al.
s. ca-Cd.
Chisel vh. obru.!.Ja.
Chit-chnt s.
Cli oi ce adj. mOOg-tu bkrabj 1m[l"
paj I!!lad-Wlr-can.
Choke dbWfl sub-pu; -,kyc lsir /a,i-;'t-
u:e )'«xl-paj to be choked 1'11(/1;-
baj skt bf.dalli-Jtt Ci-oo; /,ubpa.
Cholern I!on-ldq lfo.; 1I!J"'"/Qy Sil.:.
Choose Vb.ll. bl.:rah--ptJ; obycrl-pa; od::ill-
pa; \'b. II. (10 like) dgyts-pa.
Chop ,·b. bWlb-pa; to - ofl' ri:od-pa.
Chopping-liloek i/,j-Jtall.
Chopstick-s fUN/Ia.
Ch0 r d ''!!!Jlld Itl
Christ ,kyalJs..mgdn 26; ma-iJi-l.:a 410-
Oi, runic ndj. yun ri,i.!.Jai; - )"<'0"-
mid.
Olltonicle lo-rgyu,.
Churn vb. dkrog-pa;:o dJ..rog-pa.
Chllrn s. v. gur-gilr ,0.
Ch II tne y (Iridian condiment) f,u-u 4A!I.
Chyle d,cUlis-1I1t12J9.
Cimeter [fIi-!!4t.
Cinnmon ili,i-fsa.
Cipher s, mfa; fi!J-k,
Circle s. ,Iror, /IQr, ol!or-loj dkyil-il01';
'gor-mo, '!JOr-(;g.
Cireulnr adj. J..yil·-k.'1irj [jOI'-mo.
Circllmference dkyil-oJ..'oI'; /(:0,.; I!o-ra;
Ityonj mu-lfYlid.
Circumstnnce ,·J..'!JIn; Malis.
Citadel mJ!QI'; f'dzo,;.
Citizen J..'!Jifll-bt.ldg; yul-pa; y01l-lJdag.
Citron gam-blH'a Wj 'Pyod1K1d G:
Citl'
Civilize odul-ba..
ClAim s. (o&-fsi,., folNr61.
Clairvoyance 133.
Clamm), ,.hi-call.
Clllioour s. .(.'If, I.:u-Sf/I·a, J..·H-CO; JI:Q(I-IOgj
cuoMo
Clnndestinell' ,ba3-te Wj v. nlso Ikog-tH,
J",rl-i-ba.
Clap \"11., to - the (,.g-cug byt'{l-lXI.
Clap s. agu-i 11':'; Mim w.; Idil'-'!Iru.
CI asp vb. a. ollyud-pa;
'lasl) ". cap-lila; - klllfo Uab-gri.
620
Class Communication
Class
s.
gral-,
ca-fsdn; bye-brag; dbye-ba;
fsan,
sde-fsdn.
Classify rnam-par bzag-pa; Jbyed-pa.
Claw
Kron; sder(-mo); spar-ba.
Clay jim-pa;
rdza; zal-ba;
-
floor
skyan-
nul.
Clean
adj. dag-pa, ytsah-ba; lag-mo
W.;
food dkar-zds.
Clean,
Cleanse vb. a.
pyi-bdar byed-pa
;
san-ba; sel-ba;
to be cleansed
Jbyon-ba.
Clear
adj. mnon-pa;
tur-re; wa-le;
wa-le-
ba
; lag-mo
W.
; sins-po
W.
;
lhan-ne.
Clear vb. a.
Odag-pa;
sel-ba.
Cleave
Qges-pa; O ceg-pa;
to be cleft
Ogas-pa.
Cleft s.
rgya-ser;
ral;
srubs.
Clerk
yig-mKan.
Clever
ycan-po; sgrin-po;
tabs-can
;
spyan-
po;
a writer
rtsom-par mKas-pa.
Clew s.
gru-gu.
Climb
Odzeg-pa; rgal-ba.
Cling cags-pa; ca-bzag-pa.
Clip Ogrum-pa.
Cloak s. her.
Clock
cu-fsod;
cu-fsod- fcor-lo.
Close vb. a.
Ogegs-pa;
v. also
Qdzum-pa.
Close
adj. gya-ma-gyu
73;
fisted /croii-
po; lag-dam-po;
adv.
jam-pa
174;
over
glad-la.
Clot s.
gon-po;
of blood
Jcrag-gon.
Cloth
sag-lad-, prug ; fer-ma; dar;
a
piece
of
yug,
bubs.
Clothes
gos, gos-ldg; bgo-ba;
to
change
-
gos brje-ba;
to
put
on
gos gon-pa;
to
take off
gos Jmd-pa ;
suit of
go-lus-
ca-fsan W.
Clothes-brush
byab-zed.
Clothes-stand
ydan,
rdan.
Clothing
s.
bgo-ba; ca-bydd, ca-lugs.
Cloud s.
sprin\
of dust bud.
Clouded,
to be
QKrig-pa.
Cloudy,
it has become Koi^-son.
Clove li-si
C.;
bzan-drug W.;
zer-bu W.
Club
(mace) ga-da.
Clumsy sbom-pa; zlum-pa.
Cluster s.
cag-mo.
Clyster
s.
Jtos\ bsur-smyig; pipe
ceu.
Coachman
sin-rta-pa.
Coagulate QKyags-pa.
Coal sol-ba.
Coarse
rtsin-ba;
rays-pa; grained
rtsub-
po.
Coast
Jtris.
Coat s.
gos\ dug-po
L
T
; $u-pa
Ts.;
lap
Kud;
of mail /crab.
Coat vb. a.
Otum-pa.
Cock s.
bya-po, bya-po; Kyim-bya;
of a
gun fo-cun;
me-skdm.
Cock vb. a. rdze-ba.
Coetaneous
na-mnydm,
na- drd.
Coffee Ka-ba
37.,
III.
Coffer
sgrom.
Coffin
dur-sgdm, ro-sgdm.
Cohabit
Jbrel-ba\ Jtrig-pa spyod-pa.
Cohabitation
sbyor-ba.
Cohere
O
brel-ba.
Coil vb.
(of snakes) Jtri-ba.
Coin s. don-tse.
Coition,
Coitus
Jlrig-pa\ cags-spyod;
nyal-po.
Colander
f
sag-ma.
Cold
adj. gran-ba;
air
na-ra; nad;
-
wind
nar-ba\
lhags-pa\
to feel
Jfyags-
pa;
v.
kyi-bun\
to
get,
to
grow gran-
ba, grans-pa.
Cold s.
lcyags-pa', gran-ba; nad; tiar-ba;
to have a
-
bro-
fsal-ba;
a in the head
cam-pa;
bro-
fsdl;
ya-ma.
Colic
glari, glan-tdbs\ rgyu-yzer;
fsa- fcru.
Collar s.
gon-ba, gos-kyi gon-ba;
to seize
by
the
gon-ba-nas Qdzin-pa.
Collect vb. a.
sgrug-pa, sloti-pa; sdud-pa;
sog-pa.
Colonel
ru-dpon.
Colour s.
Jca;
Ka-dog\ mdog; fson;
beauti-
ful
bkrag; prime ma-yzi;
to lose
-
dkyug-pa.
Colt
fur-bu;
of an ass
ku-rug, gu-rug.
Comb s. so-mdn.
Comb vb. a.
sad-pa, ysad-pa, ysod-pa.
Combat s.
Ofab-mo; Qk'rug-pa.
Combat vb.
O
fab-mo
Ogyed-pa, Ofab-pa;
Jlrab-pa; rgol-ba.
Come
^on-ba, resp Jbyor-ba, Jbyon-pa
;
f>eb-
pa; eleg.
mci-ba;
come!
sog\
to
again
Idog-pa, log-pa
;
to back
pyir- gro-ba\
to forth
cags-pa;
to out
Jbyun-ba,
Ofon-pa;
to to
Jcyol-ba] ynas-su Ogyur-
ba;
to
together Odzom-pa;
to
up (of
seeds) Jii^un-ba,
rdol-ba.
Comfort vb. a.
glod-pa; mya-nan
san-ba;
spro-ba skyed-pa.
Comforter
skyo-grogs.
Command vb. a. bka
ynan-ba, ynan-ba;
(an army) Jirid-pa.
Command s.
zal-yddms.
Commander
dmag-Qgo\ dmag-dpon.
Commandment
bka, bka-Krims, bka-bsgos\
fcrims.
Commence
rtsom-pa; Odzugs-pa.
Commend
snag-pa; O
col-ba.
Comment vb. a.
^grel-ba, Ogrol-ba.
Commerce fsoh.
Commissary
sku-fsdb.
Commission vb. a.
sko-ba; ^gel-ba; mnag-
pa.
Commit
skur-ba; <5ol-ba; (sin etc.) byed-
pa.
Common
dkyus-ma; fun; pal-pa; pral;
the
people pal
341.
Communication
bka-rgya\ Jbrd, O
brel-ba.
620
Class - Communication
Class s. gral; &l.(sd1i; bYNmig; dbye-ba;
(,an, ffle-.(sdn.
Classify rnam-.rar hzag-paj obyed-pa.
Claw sder(-l1W)j 8par-ba.
Clay Jim-pa; rdzaj :al-ba; - Ilooruyan.
l1ul.
Clean adj. dQ{J-pa, filla/loba; lag-mo Wj
- food dJ:ar.ds.
Clean, Clunse \'b. a. pyi-bdar byed-pa;
,a,'-Ou; sel-ba; to be cleansed i)yt'J"-ba.
Clear adj. mlicn-pa; tur-rl.!j wa-li!; flX/-le-
ba; lag-mo W
j
,ili,-po W; fhali·,ie.
Clear vb. 1\. odug-pa; t.el-ba.
Cleave o!Jf!8-pajieg-pu; to be cleft ofIWl-pa.
CleH s. rgya-t.l:rj ral; ,rub,.
Clerk yig.mf:an.
Clever J·tan-po; II1Jrin-po; (ubs-call; sP!Jml-
poj It - Wl'lter rl$()m'par ml.!U1J-pa.
Crew s. gru-gu.
Climb d::t[J-paj 'Yo1-ba.
Cling Dag8-paj ca-hJ:Qg-pa.
Clip "fIrum-pa.
Cloak s. her.
Clock eu-fwd; 'ffl.{wd-jlor-lo.
CI060 vb. a. .,[If[IS-paj Y. also odzum-pa.
Olose adj. 9ya-mu-gyu 73; - fisted fTO/i-
po; lag-dam-poj ad\'. Jam-pa 174; -ol'er
!llad-la.
Clot s. !JOri-poj - of blood &oq-go;,.
Cloth 3ag-fdd;prugj fer-ma; Ciar; n piece
of - yug, bubs.
Clothes gQ$, p·ldg; bgo-ba; to change -
g08 brje-ba; to put on - gQ$ g<m-pa; to
luke off - 908 obud-pa; suit of - go-lm-
ea-(aati W
Clothes-brush byah-zid.
Clothes-stand rdari, rda,i.
Cloth.ing s. bgo-{Ja; ea-b!Jdd, ca-lUg3.
Cloud s. aprinj - of dust bud.
Clouded, 10 be - o/{rig-pa.
Cloudy, it has become - JCqr-MJiI.
Clove li-ii c.; bzail-(b-itg W. j W.
Club (mace) ga-du.
CIumsy soom-pa j zlum-pa.
Cluster S. cllfr1llo.
Clyster S. o/{M; baur-sm.ylg; - I,ipe eeu.
Coachman Si,i-rla_jffl.
Coagulate ollyags-pa.
Coni 30l-ba.
COllrse rlsili-ooj mga-pa; -grnined rt3ub-
"".
Coast ollria.
Coat S. fj()81' d1l1.'"PJ 0; eu-pa 1'8.; - lap
M; - 0 ma.I1 Crab.
Coat vb.a. otumpa.
Cock S. bJ.a..po, bya-poj lyim-byo; of a
gun (o-aili j me-8kdm. I
Cock vb. a. rike-ba. -
Ooetaneous na-1llnyJm,1w-
o
drd.
Coffee 31, llJ. Oi(
Coffer sgrfml.
Coffin dur-8Ham, rO-Jgdm.
Cohabit obrel-huj ol'rig-pa sP!lod-pa.
Cohabitation abyor-ba.
Cohere obrel-ba.
Coil vb. (of sn"kes) ol..:"i-ba.
Coin S. dOli-Itt.
Coition, Coitus ol!rig-pa; caga-ap!lMj
'Y'/.po·
Co13oder (aog-ma.
Cold llllj. grati-baj - air ria-raj riodj -
wiod }iar-ba; lhaga-paj to feel - Jlyogl-
paj ". to get, 10 grow - grOli-
ha,
Cold S. !Jrmi-boj nod; ria,...buj
to have 1'- bro-1faal-ba; a - in the head
lam-paj bro-ofad ; yo-mo.
Co I i c glo;" glwi-tdlJs; rg!(U-rzer; (sa-
COllllr S. !Jon-ha, gO$-kYl [lon-ba; to sei:-:e
by the - [IO/i-ba-noa odzl1l-pa.
Collect vb. R. sgrug-pa, lloli-paj sdud-pa;
wg-pa.
Colonel ru-dpm.
Colour s. ra; mdog; (aon; heauti-
ful - bl.'1"a9; prime - ma-rzi; to -
dlyufJ""Pa.
Colt fur-bu; - of an ass ku-rug, fIU-rVg.
Comb S. sO-1luili.
Comb vb. a. iaJ..pa, rsadfa, }'Aod-pa.
Combat 8. orah-mo; "I..lrug-pa.
Combat vb. fab-mo of!!Jed-pa, o(ab-pa;
ol..'rab-pa; 'l'fJol-ba.
Come ..on.ha, tesl' obyor-ho",byon-pa; l!elJ..
po; eleg. mCi-baj come! iog: to - again
ldog-pa, log-pa; to - bn.clqiyil....gro-ba;
to - forth lags-po; to - out oQyu,.·ba,
fon-pa; to - to ollyol-ba; o!Jyur-
to - together l:-"'&m-po; 10 - up (of
seeds) jb'U,i-ba, raot-ba.
Comfort \'b. flo. glod-pa; ">lIya-nan san-baj
apro-ba SK:yed-pa.
Comforter Myo-grQga.
Command vb. a: biro rnUli-lm, f1Ul;,.buj
(an army) ol..lid-pa.
Command S. !:al-}'ddm3.
Commander dmag-of/o; dmag-dp4n.
Co mmand men t bka, bka-I/rhr/$, 0ka-h8[lOl;
Iiri»l$.
Commence rt80m-pa; odW[JI-pa.
Commend alWg-po; oCot:ba.
Comment vb. u. .1!"el-ba, ofIrol-ba.
Commerce (aOli.
Commissary sku-f,ab.
Commission vb.a. ako-ba; o!Il!l-bo; m,iug-
po. _
Commit sku,'-baj (sill ele.) byrd-
C!:::moll dk!lus-mu; (Ull; pal-poj pral;
the - people fta13H.
Co 1Il1llu,uicu tion bka-r!l.uu;:Jrel,obrel-bu.
Communion Consume 621
Communion
Obrel-ba;
^rogs-lugs; holy
-
yuol-rds
692.
(Jo in
pact adj
in I,'
raii;
( rni/-ntn.
Companion errors; rogs; skyo-gr6gs\
zla-
bo
;
ya-do
W.
Company kyu ;
in fun-moh-du
; O
grogs-te.
Comparative degree
v.
)e 172;
las
II,
/"'.s,
saw.
Compare
sdur-ba;
sprun-pa; sgre-ba.
Comparison dpe
327.
Com
pass
(circumference)7WM-Afj/w^; points
of the mfsams
455.
Compasses, pair
of,
skor-tig.
Compassion snyin-r)e; snyin-brtse-ba.
Compel
v.
nan-gyis
302
;
sed-kyer-nag-pos
W.;
to be
compelled dgos-pa.
Competitor ^gran-zla.
Compile sgrig-pa.
Complaint zug, yzug 488,
wad.
Complete adj. grub-pa; rgyas-pa;
fam-
pa', pun-fsogs; rdzogs-pa', fsan-ba;
to be
-
fsan-ba.
Complete
vb. a.
syrub-pa ;
fug ^gel-ba ;
to
be
completed
Kor-ba
; O
fsar-ba.
Completely ytan-du; ye-nas.
Complex
of fields kluns.
Complicate adj.
Krag-frtg.
Compliment
s.
jM/a<7;compliments
v. stod-
pa
223.
Compose
^od-pa;
rtsompa;
to verses
sdeo-pa\ sbyor-ba.
Comprehend go-ba; Odzin-pa', yid-la
byed-pa.
Comprehension go-ba.
Comprehensive Kyab-ce-ba.
Comprise tfyab-pa; sdud-pa.
Compulsion gal 68;
nan
3()2.
Computation
rtsis.
Compute
rtsi-ba.
Comrade
grogs.
Concave Kori.
Conceal
sbed-pa; ysan-ba; sgon-ba\ O
cab-
pa.
Concealment
pag.
Conceited
mcor-po.
Conception dmigs-pa.
Concerning (as regards)
rten-nas' dbari-
du
byas-na
387.
Concession
ynan-ba.
Concord
mfun-pa.
Condemn zal-ce
ycod-pa;
krims
ycod-pa
or
yton-ba.
Condescending ce-fabs-med-pa;
to be
mfun-pa byed-pa.
Condiment
skyu-rum;
sdor.
Condition
(state) ynas-skabs\ ynas-t*iil
311
;
yin-lugs
548.
Conduct vb. a.
skyel-ba; Jtrid-pa', O
dren-
pa.
Conduct s.
spyod-pa.
Cone fsa-fsa.
('..nfess
jceg-pa\ mtol-ba',
yiog-pa; y*o-
sbyon-ba
590.
Confession
(creed) Zos-rgyud
164.
Confide
(yid) rton-pa
215;
v.
bh-ydM
386.
Confidence
blo-ytdd, blo-ydtn.
Confidential
speaking anui/'t-ytam.
rt i_ i I
3i
\j on tine vb.
dgar-ba.
Conform vb.
sbyor-ba.
Confound
dkrug-pa; O
dzul-l><i.
Confused,
to be
rtab-pa.
Confusion
Jtral-Jcrul.
Congeal QKyags-pa.
Conglomerate
s.
gad-pa.
Congratulate
bkra-Sis mna
ysol-ba.
Conjuncture bsgan\
dus.
Conjure (implore) nan-gyis
zu-ba.
Conjure
up
^gugs-pa.
Conjurer Ooa-po.
Connect
sbyor-ba ;
sbrel-ba
;
zun
sdebs-pa.
Connected with
bcas-pa;
to be
O
brel-
ba.
Connection
Obrel-pa,
zun-
brtl',
v. also
rgyu-rkyen
no.
Conquer bcom-pa; joms-pa', rgyal-ba;
Opam-par byed-pa
356;
to be
conquered
O pam-pa.
Conqueror rgyal-ba.
Conscience
gal-mfun ses-pa; ses-bzin;
v.
also
byas-cos
and
ynon-ba.
Conscientious krel-<;an.
Consciousness
ses-pa; dran-pa\
of
guilt ynon-ba.
Consecrate
skur-ba; rab^-tu) ynas(-par}
byed-pa
524.
Consequence mjug', Obras-bu',
in of
dban-gis.
Consider vb. a.
gran-ba\ Odzin-pa;
bsam-
mno
byed-pa;
vb. n.
sgorn-pa;
mno-ba.
Consideration
dran-pa
262.
Consign
skur-ba.
Consist
Odus-pa, bsdus-pa.
Consistence ska-sldd.
Consistency
srab-
fug.
Console sems
yso-ba; mya-nan-bsan-ba.
Consort s.
cun-ma\
royal
lcam-mo;
btsun-mo.
Conspicuous mnon-pa\ ysal-po.
Constable
dge-yyog
86.
Constellation
skar-ma; yza-skar.
Constipation bsan-dgdg.
Constitute
gel-ba;
sko-ba;
jug-pa II,
2.
Constraint
gal.
Construct bo-ba
;
v.
O
ca-ba
;
jfos-pa
;
yton-
ba\
Ogod-pa\ rtsig-pa.
Construction
(grammatical) tsig sgrig-
pa.
Consult
bka-bgro-ba.
Consultation
arcs-glen; O
dwi-ma.
Consume cud
yzon-pa ;
zin
ojug-pa
;
to be
Communion - Consume Cit
Commuaion .bnl-IMj holy-
ytoi-ra. rm.
Compact Adj "uTmlj .'lug.b.m.
ComllllUion jI"'J'J'; :lu..
Ooj ya-do n.
Co mpan, kyMj in - f,Il1I-_li-dwj
COlllparative degree l".)e 172; la II,
fHU, 1CIfi.
Compa re -gn-bu..
Comparison dJW m.
Co.. pass (eireumfcl"elloe)..,,-l'yrid; llOiuts
of tbe - W.u_
Compasus. pa.ir of, J:or·tig.
COlli passion myili.rjtj
Com pel v. "01logyia 302; Wd-J.:!#!""nag.VO'
W; \0 be compelled
Competitor .9ran-::1a.
Compile *Jrig-pa.
Complain t Zltg, rzwg 48S, nad.
Com pi ete adj. gru6-pu.; rg.lJaJ-po; fat,,·
pu.; lJ1l11·(Jdg$; rd:og'.pa; 'sQ/'j.ba; 1.0 be
- 'sali-l!u..
Complete vb.a. sgrob_pa; fug .,gel-bu.; to
be eomilleted .l(n'-Qu.; o',al·.ba.
Completely rtatl-au; ye-"aJ.
Complex of fields Hu,i,.
Com plicnte ftdj. I.'rag-enig.
CompIi me nt s. PYUf};compliments v. ,tod·
]Xl 223.
pose rtJom,-paj to - nrses
lOyot'-M.
Comprehend go-haj .d:in-pu.; yid.-UI
....-pa.
Comprehension go-JxJ.
COlli Preb ens i ve 1!JrW-'f.NJa.
Comprise «1wJ.-pu..
ComplIlsion !ftIl68;
Compuution rtm.
COlllpute rm·./Jo..
Comrade groga.
Concal"e .bl.i.
Conceal fIOIi.ba; rgoli.ha; .'ltJb..
"..
Conculmeot Pog.
Conceited w,1"or--po.
Conception dllligJ.JHl.
Concerning (as regards) rtm-nm; dha,,-
dN. byaJ-na 381.
Concession mu.ir-ha.
Concord 711(un-pa.
Condemn zol-& rCod.paj krimr
or rlo,i-bo.
Conducen di ng te-fa6t-1fttd.po; to be-
mfun-po by«t.pa.
Condi men t Myu.n;m; .JOt".
Condition (stale) ynal-,,(-at..; r'Ia,·fHl
311; M'l..
Conduct vb. L • .ooj ./!n·d-po; .drnt-
"..
Conduct s. ,pyod-pa.
Cone htJ·fJa.
UODfe.. •tty-paj 1Pfol.lJu.;
IbyoIi-lJa 001). •
Confeuio. (Cfeed) &.-rtlYud 1M.
Confide (ytJ) rlorI-pu. '1(',; v. M>-rdht ..
Confidence blo-.rtO.d,
Confide.tial Iruking •.
Confine 't"b. elvar.&..
Con form 't"b. t6y0r-6a.
Confound .J:ol.&..
Confued, to be - "ab-pa.
Confus ion .lral-.l.ri.L

Conglomerate I. gad-pa.
Conpato.late b.trU4ia "I"a pol-ha,
ConJuncto.fe lAgan; d",.
Conjo.re (implore) lUIn-gyil Zu.oo.
np .gw.gr-pa.
COnjUrer .ba-po.
COIJllect ab!JOf'.oo; abrtf..ba; zu" ,<kO.-pa.
Connected witb lO be - brt/.
00. •.......Y'"
Connection obrtl-po, zu/i ••bril; v. also
ryyu-l'kyhr llO.
Conquer ht'.om-pa; jf.ml&-paj 'l/yul.ba;
Jiam.pu.r bytd.p« 300j to be oenquered
.iJam-p«·
Conqueror rglJOl-ha.
Conscience gal.mfun In-po; !tI-bSnj v.
also OyIU--OO! and moli.6a.
Con!Jcientiolls ATtl-ca".
Consciousness u..pa; dru.,..paj - of
guilt f1IIHi-ho.•
COllllecratc ,a,,.-ba; 1-a6(-tl') )"'uI(-por)
....-pa "".
Consequence -!ivg; .bral.bw.; in - of
dJ>a,; •
Consil': QI"'(lJi-ba; 6tmw.
mnd bytd-pa, vb. n. rgoIH-pu., ..
Consideration dro""pa 262.
Consign ""r.oo.
Consist odlU-pQ, 6td__pa.
Consistence du.·altid.
Consistency trab·o(ilg.
Console Ie'"" po-JIo.; lIIya."u.Jt-hloIi.&!.
Consort s. n,1i:-lIIu.j royal - /}aM._j
otJrm-mo,
Conspicuous wllion-poj raaL-po.
Conshble 86.
Constellation -al:i,..",aj r:a....kd,..
Constipation Na,j·dgdg.
Constitute gtl-ba; II, 2.
Constraint gal.
Co Ds t rile t fI.ro.ba; .....tQ-Oa;ii,...pu.; )1011-
00; ..god_po; ,.trig_po.
Construction (grammatical) 6ig "flI-ig.
po.

Consultation .Ii"'ft.'*"
Cl;lUSUUI e CwJ FOIl-po; :ill .}wg-J1"; to be
622 Consumption
--
Cream
consumed
ca-ba; cad-pa; Ofsar-ba; O
dzad-
pa; zin-pa.
Consumption ycon.
Contain
v.
son-ba;
to be contained
Ogro-
ba;
v.
Odug-pa
no. 2.
Contamination
grib.
Contemplate sgom-pa.
Contemplation sgom;
fin-ne- dzin.
Contempt rnan-cen; brnyas-pa; smad-pa.
Contend
(fight) Jerug-pa; rtsod-pa; (to
strive) Ogran-pa.
Content
adj. cog ses-pa; fsim-pa;
to be
-
mgu-ba;
to heart's
yid
bzin-du.
Contention
O gran-sems; O
dzin-mo.
Contentment
snyin-fsim.
Contest s. fob-sd.
Continent
glin.
Continually rgyun-du; car, ca-re; ytan-
du.
Continuation
O pro.
Continue
O pro-ba.
Contract vb. a.
skum-pa;
vb. n.
Jcor-ba.
Contract s.
gan-rgyd ; cad-yig ; Odzin, yig-
O
dzin.
Contradiction,
to be in
Ogal-ba.
Contrary s.bzlog, go-bzlog ; go-ldog, go-log.
Contrivance
grabs.
Convent s.
cos-sde; sde; dgon-pa.
Convention Ka-cdd.
Conversation
glefi-brjod.
Converse vb.
glen-ba; glen-mo byed-pa',
gros-byed bgro-ba.
Convert vb. cos-su
^ug-pa.
Convey skya-ba\ skyed-pa; skyel-ba', Ji'ur-
ba.
Convoy
s.
sky
el-ma.
Cook vb.
Ofsod-pa.
Cook s.
gyos-mKan',
head
ysol-dpon,
ma-cen.
Cool
gran-ba\
bsil-ba.
Cooly (carrier) /cur-pa', (workman)^a-pa.
Coot
skyegs.
Copious rgyas-pa.
Copper
zans.
Copulation Krig-pa; cags-spyod.
Copy
vb. su-ba.
Copy
s.
(transcript) bkod-pa\ bu-dpe\ (pat-
tern) ma,
ma-dpe.
Coral
byi-ru.
Cord s.
rgyud; sgrogs; fa-gu; Opren-ba.
Cordial s. bcud.
Core
Kog-sin.
Coriander seed
^u-su.
Cork
ka-ycod,
fca-
dig.
Corn
(grain) Obru;
boiled
can; slightly
roasted
yos;
stack of
rags, pub-rags\
hi-ri;
corn on a toe
rkan-mdzub-dzer-pa.
Corner
Kug\ gru\ grwa;
zur.
Corporal bcu-dpon.
Corpse ro,
resp. spur.
Correct
adj. skyon-med\ nor-med;
to be
Ogrig-pa.
Correct vb.
sgyur-ba\ zu-dag byed-pa.
Correction
zu-ddg, zus-ddg.
Correspond
(to
be
adequate) Ogrig-pa.
Correspondent (in business) (son-grogs.
Corrupt
vb. a.
dad-pa.
Corruptness
kun-dkris.
Costly gus-po,
rin-can.
Cottage Kan-bu;
fcu-tu.
Cotton
ras-bal, srin-bal, sm-bal]
cloth
(ka-si-kai)
ras.
Couch s.
AH;
nyal-Kri;
Trial.
Cough
s.
glo\ frogs;
bro-
fsdl]
vb.
Kogs-pa.
Council
gros, gros-glen; O
dun-ma.
Counsel s.
gros; bka-yddms\ ^dun-ma.
Counselor
bka-ysays.
Count vb.
bgraii-ba; Odren-pa; rtsi-ba;
ysor-ba;
si kor-ce W.
Countenance
ydoh\ bzin\ no;
skye-sgo;
sgo-lo.
Counteract
Ogal-ba.
Counterfeit
adj.
rdzus-ma.
Counterparty pa-rol
Counting
s. rtsis.
Country yul, yul-Jcor, yul-gru; sa-cd;
rgyal- Kdg ;
love of
yul-sred; yul-la
Odod-pa.
Couple
s.
zun\
married bza-mi.
Courage snyin-stobs, snyin-rus; spobs-pa.
Courageous
ham
-pa -can; dpa-ba, dpa-
can.
Courier
rta-zam-pa.
Course s. fsir.
Court s.
(residence
of a
prince) tfab;
--
of
justice bka-ysags;
Krims-Kan.
Courtyard Jcyams; fsoms,
fsoms-skor.
Cove
Kug.
Covenant s. fca-cdd.
Cover
vb.Jceb-pa; Ogebs-pa; klub-pa; O
tum-
pa.
Cover, Covering
s.
Ka-k'ebs, Ua-gab,
k*a-
ycod,
Ka-leb
; Kebs, tfyebs,
Kebs-ma
; go-sog
;
fums; yyogs;
subs;
covering
for the head
mgo-yyogs.
Cowry ^ron-bu.
Crab
sdig-srin.
Crack vb. a.
ycog-pa;
vb. n.
O
gas-pa.
Crack s.
sgun.
Craft
(cunning)
dku-lto.
Crafty yo-ba.
Cram
sgrim-pa.
Crane
(bird)
fcrun-fcrun.
Crash s.
sgun.
Crave
rhab-pa.
Craw
Ikog-sog.
Crawfish
sdig-srin.
Crawl
gog-pa; Opye-ba.
Cream
spri-ma, spris-ma,
sris-ma; ^-sri;
zo-sri.
622
Cou!'.lImption - Cream
eonsumed la-ba; taJ...pa;o{sar-baj lJ::aiJ..
paj ::itlfa.
COllsulUption rOOI'.
Contain v. §OIi-ba; to be COllt.o.ined o!Iro-
ha; v. odUfj-l!(1 no. 2.
Contamination grW.
Contemplate 8yom-pa.
Contemplation lI$'()lIIj fi,i.ite·odzin.
Con tem:rl r/;an.&1I; hrnyas-pa; smad-pa.
Conten (figbt) ,,/{rug-paj rtwd-paj (to
striyc) o!Jran-pa.
Conten t adj. log (aim-ra; to he -
mgu.w; to beart's - yid hzm-du.
Conten ti 0 n o9/'Qn-unIS; odd,i-mo.
Contentment snyi'i-fBfm.
Cootest s. roo-id.
Continent flliri.
Continually rfl!fUn-du; car, ftan--

Con tinuation o'PTa.
Continue orro-ba.
Contract ,·b. a. skum-pa; vb. n. for-ba.
Co ntract s. gan-rgyd; cad-yig; ).::in, !Jig-
od::in.
Contradiction, to be in- o!/al-ba.
Con tra ry s.h::log, go-b:ld:!; f!o-ld6fl, gooldg.
Contrivance gra/J$.
Convent s. Cos-sdl'; sdej d!JOII-pa.
Con\'entiOD fa-cad.
COil versa ti on gleil-brjQd.
Converse \'b, gle,i-bo; gle,i-'l1J() "yed-po;
!Jro!-/VJtd bgro-ba.
ConYert ,·b. Cc3-su Jug-pa.
Convey 81q;a-ba; dyed-po; 8kyef,..ba: lur.
1m.
Convoy s. 3kyelrma.
Cook vb. ,,(8od-pa.
Cook s. fI!J08-mllon; head - r80l-u]'fJll,
ma-ltn.
Cool grmi-ba; bst·l-ea.
Cool y (carrier) /tur.pa; (workman)flla-pa.
Coot skyegs.
Copious 'Yllas-pa.
Copper zalia.
Copulation lrirJ-pa; i!agNpyod.
Copy vb. m.-<ta.
Copy s. (transcript) bkod-pa; bu-dpe; (pat-
tern) ma, ma-(lpe.
Coraf b!Ji-ru.
Cord s.rg!JUd; 8f/''O!P; (a-gu; opre.i-ea.
Cordial s. bi:ud.
Core Kog-Mli.
Coriander seed
Cork Ita-read, fla-oafg.
Corn (grain) i»'U; boiled - i!an; slightly
roasted yc.t; stack of - r«fl3, ,i-uka!JS;
hi-ri; corn on a toc
Corner gru; gl"lra; zur.
Corporal bi:u-dpon.
Corpse 1'0, resp.llpur.
Correct adj. 3Iqpn-mtd; nor-mid; to be-
o!!f'l.g-pa,
Correct vb. sgyur-ea; zu-dag 0lled-pa.
Correctioo zu-dtig, ha-ddg.
Correspond (to be adequate) of!I'1'y.pa.
CorresJlondent (in business) (so;'-fI'"O{f'l.
COfl'O[)t vL. u. slad-pa.
Corrup tness kU'I-aJ..ri8.
Costly gus-po, Tin-can.
Cottage I/an-bu; ltu-tu.
Cotton TaB-bul, srin-bal, ';i'i-bal; - cloth
ra.!.
Couch s. I/ri; llf!.al-fri; mal.
Cough s. glo: log,; bro-o(,dl; vb. ilogs·pa.
Council groB, !JI'03-[1le,j; odun-ma. .
Counsel s. 91'0&; bka-rddm8; oJun-ma.
Couuselor bI:a-]ia,qs.
Count vb. bgrwi-ba; odten-pa; rtAi-ba:
riar-ba; 8i hlr·{;e W:
Countenance rdo;,; bzin; 'io; skye-sgo:
'f]f>-lo.
Counteract o!Jal-ba.
Connterfeit adj. rdztu-mo.
Counterrarty pu-rol
Counting s.rtsis.
Country flUl, yul-JMr, !JUl-gri<; sa-ni;
,yyal-t'ag; lo...e of - yul-s/'id; yul-la
odod-pa.
Couple s. zu'i; married - bza-mi.
Couro.ge snyih-swbs, sn!l",i-I'U8; ,voW-pa.
Courageous }tam-pa-can; dpa-ta, dpa-
call.
Courier rta-zam-pa.
Course s. (sir.
Court s. (residence of a prince) P.ab; -- of
jllStice bkU--}"3agB;
Courtyard otya/ll8; (Mms, (,QI1I8.",{'(!r.
Cove Nug.
Covenant s. fa-ldd.
Cover vb.J:el1-pu; o!Jebs-pa; kl«b-pa; o(<<m-
p•.
Cover, COI'ering s. Ilu--A'tbs, A'a-gab, f a-
rcod, Ita-ltb; l1ebs, 1<'!Jibs, febs-muj go-¥<Jg:
(UI7I8; r1JOfJ8; ';ubs; covering for thc bend
mgo-ryrJgs·
Cowr Y#,'Qn-bu.
erab 'illg-frill.
Crack vb. a. re'1l-pa; vb. n. o.qCU"'PII.
Orack s. sflUh.
Craft (cunning) dlm-lto.
Crafty yO-ba.
Cram 8[!M·m1Ja.
Crane (bird) Itrwj-J:'I'wi.
Crash s. 1J{JU4.
Crave rnab-pa.
Craw lJ.:O[J-6dg.
Crawfish sdig-srill.
Crawl 91Jf1-pa; olJye-!xJ·
Cre a.m llJIris-ma, iI'/8-mll; ..o-s/'i;
Zo-Srl.
Create Darken 628
Great
,-/-/</-/-/.
Creator
<M-pa~po\
Creature
//<;./-/<,/; ^ro-ba,
lus-can.
Credible
,'-//.
Creditor bitn-/></ii</.
Creed
cos-rgyud, cos-lugs.
Creek
Kug, Kugs.
Creep c pye-ba, gog-pa.
Crescent s. zla-fses Ita-bui ri-wo or
dbyifa
Crest
(of fowl) cod-pan.
Crevice
yseii,
.sr//.
Cricket
(insect) cog-cog-pa
W.
Crime
nyes-pa', nons-pa.
Cripple
za-bo.
Crippled
Rons-Kan \V.
;
Koii-ril
6'.; gi*wm-
pa.
Criticise
Jngs-pa.
Crocodile kum-bi-ra.
Crooked
kua; kum-pa,
kon;
kyog-pO\
Icons:,
J?yog-po; agur;
to be
dgye-ba.
Crop
vb.
ytog-pa.
Crop
s.
lo-tdg.
Cross s.
brkyan-sin;
sku-m-ka.
Cross
vb.
ycod-pa; rgal-ba.
Crouch
cum-pa.
Croup,
he has the Koi
Ikog-ma
skraits
son
(his
throat is
swollen).
Crow s.
Ka-ta;
po-rdg.
Crow-bar
gal-ta; Icays-ber.
Crowd s.
Krod-pa;
tfrom; yseb.
Crowd vb. a. bcar-ba
C.,
bcer-ba W.
Crown s.
cod-pan-^
of the head
spyi-bo-,
ytsug.
Crown vb. a.
cod-pan-gyis bi-gyan-pa',
\.
also
fog ^gel-ba.
Crucible
kon-po
W.
;
zu-skyogs
C.
Cruel
ynyan-pa; drag-sul-can.
Crumb
cag-dum, brul',
bir-bir W.
Crumble vb. a.
gmg-pa;
vb. n.
gog-pa.
Crupper sgal-pa',
rmed.
Crush
glem-pa',
rdzi-ba.
Cry
vb. n.
^rags-pa, ^yrogs-pa.
Cry
s.
ita-ro;
skad, skad-nan', ca-cd\
for
help ^o-dod.
(/ry
stal
wan-xtl,
bel.
Cubit Kru
61.
(
'
u ( k < i ) / n-I
ii)i'n
i : /
ug-M
W.
Cucumber ka-'kn-n'ii, Kun.
Cultivate
Jbad-pa',
cultivated land
Cunning
s. dku-lto.
Cup ko-re, kor\
koh-po',
tin:
j"r-pa;
-
bearer
yol-dpon.
Cupboard
ca.
Cupping-glass me-bum, me-puti.
Cura
00,
resp. ysol-%6.
Cure vb.
ycod-pa', bcos-pa; O
fao-ba\ yo-ba.
Curious
(inquisitive) snob-zog-can.
Curl s.
(of hair)
ral-pa.
Curled tsa-ru W.
Currant
nyah-ka Sp.\
nib-so
W.', (raisins)
IKI-XO
Ijd.,
ba-so-ka C.
Current s.
rgyun; cu-rgyiin.
Current
adj.,
to be
(of coins)
Curse s. nan-
dnwd-pa.
Curse vb.a. nan
^debs-pa ; dmod-pa O
bor-ba.
Curtain
yol-ba.
Curve s.
gye-gu.
Curve vb. a.
kug-kug byed^va\ ^urn-pa;
curved
Kyog-po\ kyag-kyogW.;
to be curv-
ing
dgye-ba.
Cushion
snas; stan\ Obol, snye-Jbol',
sob-
stdn.
Custom
(use) Krims', cos; srol; (toll)
so-
gdm.
Cut vb. a.
ycod-pa; jog-j><i:
<lra-ba', (to
mow) rha-ba',
to into
pieces sgral-ba;
Ofub~pa',
v.
O cad-pa;
to off
grum-pa\
Obreg-pa, Odreg-pa;
v.
cod-pa',
v.
cad-pa',
to
open Oges-pa;
to out v.
ycar-ba
143
;
to
up ytubs-pa ; dmyal-ba.
Cut s.
Kram-ka; (blow) lcag\
a short
*gyog-ldm*.
Cylinder
Kor-looS;
praying
-
cos-ki/i
Koi'-lo.
Cylindrical
i"il-ba;
to be
Ognl-ba.
Cymbal sbug-zdl\
sbum-zol
W.',
sil-snydn.
Cypress spa-ma
Sik.
D
Daily
adv.
nyin-re-bzin(-du}',
zag-danzag.
Dalai Lama ta-lai bla-ma.
Dam s.
cu-rags',
cu-lon.
Dam
up
vb.
skyil-ba.
Damage
s.
sky
on',
gud, gun', god', nyes-pa
;
ynod-pa\
vb. a.
ynod-^pa.
Damp adj.
rlan-can.
Dance vb.
O cant-/Kf:
l>ro-l>r<hiH-l><i or //////-
pa\
s.
gar;
bro.
Dancer
gar-mkan.
Dandelion
K'ur-ma,
Kur-fsod.
Dandy Opyor-dga.
Danger nyen.
Dangerous
ma-ruh-ba,
ma-mns-pa\ydug-
pa-can; btsog-pa
W.
Daring adj. rtul-pod-pa; spobs-pa-can;
dpa-can, dpa-bo.
Dark
adj
.
sgrib-ya
;
mun-pa
;
sm
ag
;
t o
gro
w
Otibs-pa: ^i-ib-pa.
Darken vb. a.
sgrib-ya;
vb. n.
Ogrib-pa.
Crea-te - Dlirken /itS
O"eMlt: ":jQ(1-!,,.
C reAto r o!flH -1/11-11(); !/uhllll-I}()·
Crealure IA:O,{-I'(lj /l13-can.
Credible 41)f-pa.
Creditor blllt-bdt.i!J.
Creed w.-/'gYUtl, 'Cot-lugs.
Creek luy, A'IlY-,
Creep ol"Yt-bo., !J09-pa.
Creseell t s. zh-fl1n lta-bIli rj-I/W or db!Jib3.
Crest (of fowl) rod-JIlin.
Cre"ice J'u,i, UN.
Cricket (insect) toy-1:t)(J1!1J lV.
Crime llyes-pa; Mns·pa.
Cripple :ta-bo.
eri pIII cd A.'rN;3-A.'an 11". j fon-I'il (..:; 9r«m-
1)(1·
Criticise oUt'ys-pa.
Crocodile
Crooked t..-u9; I.."flm-prl, kONj k!JOfn)/)j
oAYofJ-J1O; dglll'; to be - dg!Je-Im.
Crop vb. ftog-pa.
Crop s.lo-tdg.
Cross s. u/,kymi-si,i; M-u-I'U-ka.
Cross vb. rcod-pa; rglll-Im.
Croucll (-um-pa.
Crou p, hc has the - lioi IJ:()[J-ma skmn3
soli (his throat is swollen).
Crow s. /{a-ta; lJo-rdg.
Crow-bAr gal-taj lCafJ3-Mr.
Crow{l s. A.l'Od-pa; I.'rom; fub.
Crowd I,b. a. uCQ/'-ha C., bCel'-ba w:
Crown S. cod-pan; - of the hend sP!Ji-l.Jo:
fUufl·
Crown \·b.a. Cotl-pan-flYis bI'!IYlln-paj v.
also (og o.qel-ba.
Cruc i bIe Awl-I)/) lI'.; ::fb-skyOgs C.
Cruel rnJlan-pllj drug-sui-tan.
Crumb ctIfI-dum; brulj hil'-l,,:r IV.
Crumble ,·b. A.. gl'lg-pa; vb. n. !fO!J-pa.
Cru P Iler sgal-pa; 1'11100.
Crush glell/-pa; rdzi-oo.
Cry vb. n. c!I"(I!J3"1IQ, o!p·ogs-pa.
C"y s. ,ia-I'O; skad, Ikad-,iallj Cfl-M; - fur
help
UryslId lIlatl.Jel, ki.
Cubit I."'" 01.
Cuckoo fll-byufI; l'II!!-" W.
Cucumber .l:a-kll-l·«" Kiln.
CuI Li va te obad-paj cuhivl\wd laud kiun•.
CUDning s. dI.'l-ltO.
Cup ko.rl, kol'; kon-1JO; tili; lJor-PUj
bel\rer J"Ol-dpon.
CUflboard Cll.
Cupping-
g
ll\ss me-Mm, #It-pr.n.
Cu rd oW, resfI. rsol-M.
Cure vb. Ix.pa; iro-ba; po-ha.
Cu riou!! (inqUisitive) ,noo.z09';:an.
Cu rI s. (of hair) ml-pa.
Curled tsa-m IV.
CurrtLa L"yan-ka S1"; rub-.io IV. j (raisins)
ba-.io IAl., fJa-Jo-l.:a C,
Current s. ''9yuni eu-l'!J!Jim.
Current adj., to be - (of coins) o!I'l1l-ba,
''9!J
u
g'pa.
Curse s. timlj dmad-pa.
Curse vb.A../;a71 odebe-pa; dmod-pa obor-ba.
Curtain yot-ba.
Ourve s. gtfr!ftl.
Clllve vb. a. ku!!-A'I1g b.IICd-1'a; o!I'lm-pa;
;url'l'o &'yog-po; lV. j to betuf\'-
mg d!J!Je-ba.
Cushion "lus; 3/411: oboi, !i7lYC-
o
bdl; sob-
stan.
Gustom (use) k"n'l1Uj C08j $/'01; (toll) ,0-
g«m.
Cut vb. It. rrod-pa; Jog-PII; (lm-baj (to
mow) to - IDto I'ieees '!I''III-bai
ofub-paj v. oc(l(/-paj to - off grum-pa;
odrtg-paj \'. Cod'IM; \'. cad-JIG;
to - open .,gel-paj to - out \'. fcar-1Ja
113; to - up rtub3-pa: dmyal-ha.
Cut s. I:l'am-k4; (blow) {cagj lI.short-
-fl!fO!I-
ldm
-.
Cylinder oA.'tll'-Wlo8; pra)'ing - to.-kyi
ofor-{o.
Cylindricn I ril-ba: to be - of/,·il-ba.
Cymllal $hI/U-:d1j W.; sit.,nydn.
Cypress 'pa-ma Sil:o
o
0"i I Yl\dv. n!Jin-rt-b::in(-dll); ::ag-<{a,i::ag.
Oul"i Lama ta-lai bia-1IIa.
DI\Ill s. eu-I'agsj ClI-lol,.
Dam up vb. 'kyil-ba.
DamI\ge s. M'!i0n; gild, gun; god; "!JC'-l'a;
J7IC<l-pa; vb. a. f'lad-pa.
DAlUp adj. "zan-call.
Dl\nce vb. ocam-jJ<f.; hro-l".dlol-ha or l"'ab-
pa; s. ga,.; bro.
Dancer yal·-ml.:all.
d
Dltndelion A'III'-"la, fur-fwd.
DlIndYoPyor-dga.
Dnllger nyen.
Dnuget 0 uSJIla-r",;-!Ja, 1Im-/·14I;,·paj)'dllg-
l'a-tanj btwg-pa lV.
O,Hinll: adj. ,pot.._pa_tan;
(11M-tun, dpa-bo.
Dn rk lIdj.SfJf'ib-pa; 1IIIIn·pa; 3111a9; 10 grow
- tw--pa: o!I''ih-l,a.
Dar ken \·b. 1\. '[rib-pa; vlJ. n. o!/rib-pa.
624
Darkness
--
Depository
Darkness
mun-pa; smag-rum.
Darling, my inaiyid^on;
cf. also
sdug-
pa.
Darn
tur-ba;
snol-ba.
Dart s.
mda;
vb. n.
Kyug-pa
60.
Date s.
(time) zag-grdns; (fruit)
tia-zur.
Daub vb.
skud-pa.
Daughter bu-mo,
bo-mo
\ sras-mo;
in-
law mna-ma.
Dawn s.
skya-6d, skya-rens;
fo-rdns;
vb. it
dawns
skya-rens
sar.
Day nyi-ma; nyin-mo; zag;
and
night
nyin-mfsdn; by
-
zag
dan
zag;
all the
-
long nyin-fse-re; every zag-dan
W.
;
from to
zag-nas zag-tu;
one
,some
deu-re;
the other
de-zag
471
W
7
.;
this
five
days dgw.
Day-break nam-lans;
at nam-lans-te
or nas.
Dazzle vb. n.
fom-par Ogyur-ba.
Dazzling
Krol^po;
Icam-me-ba.
Dead
adj.
v.
si-ba;
a man
ysin-po;
ro.
Deaf
^on-pa.
Deal with vb.
spyod-pa.
Deal
s.,
a
good ga-cen.
Dear
ycig; yces-pa; dkon-pa; gus-po;
rin-
fan-can, rin-can;
to hold
yce-ba.
Dearth zas-dkon C.
Death
O ci-ba; forebodings
of
Oci-ltas;
hour of
Oda-ga ;
to seek
Iceb-pa.
Debate s.
rtsod-pa;
vb.
bgro glen byed-pa.
Debt
bu-lon\
the is cleared bu-lon Kor.
Debtor
bu-lon-pa.
Decapitate
ske
ycod-pa.
Decay
s.
jig-pa.
Decay
vb.
nytl-ba\ O
for-ba\
nub-pa.
Decayed J{,ogs-pa.
Deceased
ysin-po.
Deceit
mgo-skor; no-lkog;
rdzub; zog,
zol-
zog-,
Deceitful
Ice-ynyis-pa.
Deceive
mgo skor-ba\
r
nod-pa;
bio
Jbrid-
pa, Jwid-pa\
slu-ba.
Deceived
Ofcrul-pa.
Decency Krel-yod.
Decent
^gab-pa.
Deception sgyu-zog.
Decide
y
cod-pa; fag-ycod-pa.
Decided
zad\
\.
dzad-pa\
to be
cad-pa.
Declare
bsad-pa.
Declination
(of
the
sun)
v.
bgrod-pa;
north
byan-bgrod,
south
~
Iho-bgrod.
Decline
(decay)
vb. n.
rgud-pa.
Declivity gud\
n
yzar-po, brag yzar-po.
Decoction
fan-gi
sman.
Decorate
sgron-pa ;
brgyan-pa ;
spra-ba.
Decoration
rgyan.
Decrease vb.
^gyur-ba\ Ogrib-pa; Jbri-ba.
Decree s.
bka-log, bka-Krims;
Kra-ma.
Decrepit Kogs-pa.
Dedicate sno-ba.
Deed
las;
bya-ba.
Deep adj. ytin-rin-ba; zab-pa;
-
(of
sounds) rom-po
W.
Deer ka-sa Sik.
Deface dma
Obebs-pa.
Defeat vb.
Opam-par byed-pa.
Defect s.
skyon.
Defective
skyon-can.
Defence
skyabs.
Defend
skyon-ba\ skyob-pa.
Defender
(of religion) cos-skyon.
Defer v.
Ogyan-ba.
Deficient
sgob-sgob.
Defile s. ron,
Defile vb.
bsgo-ba; Jbag-pa.
Defilement
grib.
Deform vb. mi
sdug-par byed-pa.
Degenerate adj. brgyud-med\ rigs-nydms.
Degree (rank)
f
em-pa,
f
em-rim;
sa no.
2;
go, go-pan;
a
high
v.
rlabs; by degrees
Icad-kyis; mfar-gyis; rim-gyis,
rim-
pa
bzin du
Dejected zum-pa;
mi
dga-ba,
v.
dga-ba
III; dman-pa.
Delay
s. bsol-ba.
Delay
vb.,
to be
delayed Ogyan-ba.
Delegate
vb. a.
mnag-pa.
Delegate
s.
fsab-po, resp.
sku-fsdb.
Deliberate vb.
bka-bgro-ba, bgro-ba.
Deliberation
grabs, Odun-ma, Odun-gros.
Delight
s.
dga-ba
; dga-spro, dga-fsor, dga-
rdns,
dga-mgu
;
to take in
dga-ba, resp.
dgyes-pa
or
mnyes-pa
;
spro-ba.
Delighted dga-mo, dga-ba, dga-rans;
to
be
dga-ba.
Delightful dga-mo, dga-fsor
ce-ba.
Delineation
bkod-pa; ris,
ri-mo.
Deliver
(rescue) sgrol-ba; (transfer)sprorf-
pa
; ytod-pa ;
skur-ba.
Deliverance
(liberation) grol-ba.
Deliverer
skyabs-mgon; srog-skyob
W.
Dell
grog-po.
Delude
mgo
skor-ba.
Deluge
s. cu-rud.
Delusion
snan-Jcrul.
Delusive
kun-rdzob;
Krul-snan-can.
Demand vb.
Odod-pa.
Demeanour
spyod-lam.
Demon
bgegs; ^gon-po.
Den fsan.
Denomination
cos-lugs.
Dense
stugs-po; Ofug-po.
Density
ska-sldd.
Depart cos-pa; bzud-pa; (deviate) ^gyur-
ba.
Depend upon rten-pa;
bio
skyel-ba
W.,
Kel-ba C.
Deportment spyod-pa.
Depository
mdzod.
Darkness - Depository
Darkness 1I'1lUJf}-1'IJ,m.
Darli ng, my - rriai !/id..on; cf. also wug--
p'.
Darn tur-ba; mcl-ba.
Dart. s. moo; vb. n. 00.
Da.te s. (time) zag-grdn,; (fruit) fa-zur.
Daub vb. $/tud-pa.
Daughter bu-mo, bo-tM; mu-mo; - in-
Jaw mna-l'.lla.
Dawn s. akya-6d, akya-rHlf; {o-rdn8; vb. it
dawns 8.{ya-rem Aar.
Day nyi-ma; llyin-1M; .- and night
1lyin-mudn; - by - da,j zU{/; nlllhe
- long nyin-{u-rl; e\'ery -
from - to - one -,some
- deu-re; the other - 471 Wj this
- five days dguf.
Day-break nam-/a,i8; nt- nam·lllli8-tt
or na8.
Dazzle vb. n. f(lm.par o!J!JUr-ba.
Dazzling llam-me-lJa.
Dcad adj. v. iIi-ba; 110- mlln rAin-poj f'Q.
Deaf
Deal with vb. spyod-pa.
Deal 8., a good - ga-cbt.
Dear yrig; yea.pa; dJron-l'a; gu&-pO; I"in-
{llIi-can, n'n-ean; to hold - yWa.
Dearth zas-dkon C.
Death oCi-ba; forebodiogs of - /i-ltlU;
hour of - oda·ga; to seek - lCeb-pa.
Debate s. ,·tsod-pa; vb. hyTo-."lei< b!Jed-pa.
Debt bu-km; the - is cleared lJu-ltJn for.
Debtor bu-l()n-pa.
Decapitate ske y&Jd-pa.
Decay s.
Decay vb. nyil·ba; o{or-ba; 1wb-pa.
Decayed i.'oga-pa.
Deceased yAin-po.
Deceit mgo·d:Qr; tio-lkog; nizuh; zog, zol-
zog.
DeceitfullCe.yn-yn-pa.
Decei ve mgo 8kor.bO.; Tfiod-pa; blo obrid-
pa, pbrid-pa; 8lu-ba.
Deceived jirul-pa.
Decency ','rel-yod.
Decent ofIab-pa.
Deception 8!J!IU-ZOg.
Decide fag-rOOd-pa.
Decided zadj to be - cad-pa.
Declare bAud-pa.
Declination (of the sun) v. bgrod· pa;
- byari-bgrod, SOUtll -- lho-bprod.
Dechne (decay) vb. n. rgud-pa.
Declivity gud; f'i }'Zar-['Q, brag yzar-po.
Decoction (alj-gi 3man.
Decorate sgron-pa; Qrgyan-pa; fpra-ba.
Decoration t'!!!J"n. •
Decrease vb. ofJ!/UJ'-baj o!!rih..pa; obri-ba.
Decree 8. bka.Aog, bka-,•.'ri"lm; llra--ma.
Decre pi t oKoga-pa.
Dedicate 81io-ba.
Deed leu; bya-ba.
Deep ad). ytili-ri,.-baj zab-pa; - (of
sounds) nmrpo W.
Deer ka.sa Sik.
Deface dma ",blbw-pa.
Defeat. vb. J!am'par byffl-pa.
Defect s. 8kiJon.
Defective 8JrJl0Trean.
Defence f1:yaln.
Defend
Defender (of religion)
Defer v. o!J!I<lIi·ha.
89ob-fgdb.
Defile 6.1'On.
Defile vb. bBg<>-ba; obag-1Ja.
Defilement gl'ib.
Deform vb. wi brJed-pa.
Degenerate udj. br!JYUfl-mld; rifp-nydfWl.
Degree {em-pa, ftm-rfm; 8a no. 2;
go, go-pan; a high- v. riab8; by degrees
rim-gyi&, 1im-pa
bZin dtt
.mm-pa; mi dga-ba, v. dga-ba
1; dman-pa.
Delay $. bAd-ba.
Del ay vb., to be dela)'ed o!!!JUfi-ba.
Delegate vb. a. m,jag-pa.
Delegate s. {aab-po, resp. J.:u-f8ab.
Deliberate vb. bka-bgro-ba, bgro-ba.
Deliberation 9ralM, odun-ma, odun·f!I'OB.
Delight e.d9a-ha; dga'fprd, dga-
rali8, dgawmgu; to take - in dga-ha, reep.
dtma-pa or BJlf&-ba.
Delighted dga-mo, d9a-ba, d9a-rari8; to
be dga-ba.
Delightful dga-mo, dya-fso/' "fe-lJa.
Delineation blwd-pa; riB, ri-mo.
Del iv er (rescue) sgrol-ba; (tran8fer)fprod-
pa; ytOO-pa; ikw"ba.
Deliverance (liberation) grol-ba.
Deliverer fkyaba-mgQn; arog-akyoo .v.
D,lI grog-po.
Delude mgoalwr-ba.
Deluge s. ttu-rud.
Delusion mali-o,(htl.
De lu si ve kull-rdzdb; ofrul-fuan-can.
Demand vb.
Demeanour apyod-lam.
Demon bgeya; p-po.
Den {6a,i.
Denomination Cos-lug8.
Dense 8t-ug8-po.;.o,.(ug-po.
Density Bka-std<t.
Depart caa-paj bZud-pa; (deviale) of/yur-
"'.
Depend upon rim-paj blc Jcyel.ba lV.,
Ilel-ba C.
iP!lod-pa.
Depository nidzod.
Depression
--
Disfigured
635
I
>.[>
cession
(incision)
Ito/i-r/a.
Deprive
proy-pa;,
/''/W-A</:
to l>.>
depriv-
ed lirnl-lni.
Depth
:<t/>-/,
i/<i</:
ytii'r.
:<t/>
/><r.
i
aged j^nil-lxi
no.
3.
III. -Ml
*/,'//<>/,.
I ><>scend
Obab-pa.
I
>
BSCei)
(hints
lirgyml.
Docnhe
^lon-jxi:
ln'i-lxi.
Description bkad-pa\ bstan-pa;
)'it<is-/Hi/s;
rtutin-hii-:
/>!/<'</-
ft///,
yuil-txiil.
Desert s.
<I</<I-JHI: l>ro<i(-xtoit}.
I >eserted
sto/i-pa.
I '.serve v.
^os-pa.
Design
vb.u.
(delineate) O
bri-ba; Ogod-pa;
(intend for)
s/io-ba
Design
s. ri-mo.
Desirable mKo-ba.
Desire s. fob-bio
'<; Qdod-pa.
Desire vb.
Odod-pa
;
smon-pa
;
zen-pa
sred-
pa\ r/tam-pa;
ritab-pa;
rkum-pa.
Desolate
adj.
no
bab-pa\ zum-j><>.
Despair
s.
///(</) ycod-pa\ yi(d} mug-pa.
Despair
vb.
Ko-tag ycod-pa; yi(d}-muy-pa.
Despise brnyas-pa;
rnan-cen
byed-pa;
Kyad-du ysod-pa\ Ogyin-ba\ smad-pa.
Despond spa-sgon-
ba.
I
>f-|>ondency zum-pa\ yi(d) mug.
Destine
sko-ba',
sno-ba.
Destin
y
skal-ba;
sko-ba\bsod-bde;
dban-fdn.
Destitute
kun-gyis
btah-ba\
mgon-med',
rten-med.
Destroy ^gem-pa\ r-tiam-pa; ^ig-pcK, ^oms-
pa\ fsar-ycod-pa
458;
ma-i'un-bar
byed-
pa; med-par byed-pa.
Destruction
zig-ral,
v. ral-ba.
Detail
s.,
in
rgyas-par
109.
Detain
skyil-ba',
bsol-oa.
Detect
rnyed-pa\ fob-pa.
Determine vb. a.
(inauce) skul-ba',
vb.n.
(resolve) fag
ycod-pa.
Detest
spon-ba.
Develop
vb. n.
ryyas-pa
109.
Deviate
Jtyar-ba; ^gol-ba.
Devil
bdud\
bgegs.
Devise
dmigs-pa-nas (or sems-kyis) yzo-
ba;
dgons-pa.
Devote vb. sno-ba.
Devotion
gus-pa,
daii-lm.
Devour air
mid-pa;
hab-hdb za-ba.
Devout
skal-ddn;
gus-pa;
cos-caw;
dan-ba.
Dew s.
zil-pa.
Dexterity sgyu-rtedl.
Dexterous
skyen-pa;
rtsal-can.
Diadem
cod-pan.
Diagram dkyil-J>r.
Dialect
skad-lugs.
Diamond
rdo-rje, dor-)e-pa-ldm.
Diaphragm
mcin-ri.
Diarrhoea
Jcm-ba\
sal W.
507.
1
1
i
rtionary
//'//;-///
m.l:od.
Die. (I
i< /: to
[ilay
at to
rtxi'-lxi;
.\/
;/!/<'</-/
"i.
Die vb. n. (-/-/"/. >/-/>:
i-.--ji. 'A/"/i>-//'/.
and
^fron-ba; cleg, ^un/-/>n
; \.
,l<i-l,a\
to
OUt
<
:
tti/-/'it.
Diet
9pyod-lam\
lenten //v//--
Dit'f'erencc
/;y/'/. ky
ad-par
\
bye-bnuj:
in
find a
ynt/ix-iw
jkin-pa.
Different
mi-ybig; fa-dad-pa;
8o-*>>: mi-
Odra-ba;
not
ycifj-pa.
Difficult
<lk<i-l><i,
ilka-bo\
Kag-po,
Kab-le.
Di ffu s e vb.
Ogyed-pa.
Dig rko-ba;
bi'u-ba.
Digest oju-ba;
zu-ba.
Digestion ^u-ba.
Dignitary fsan-po.
Dignity go-grdl, go-pah ;
go-sd; gras;
dbu-
?P
d
\
Dike
cu-rags, cu-lon;
rags.
Dilapidated gog-po.
Diligence brtson-^rus; snyi/i-rits;
to use
-
rtsol-ba
skyed-pa.
Diligent brtson-pa-can.
Diligently
rtsol-bar.
Dim
adj. dkrigs-pa; bkrag-cor;
man-twin
Ld.
;
to
grow ^rib-pa.
Diminish vb. a.
Opri-ba\
vb.n.
;/i'^>-/"'-
Dimness
rab-rib,
hrab-hnb.
Din
O
du- dzi.
Dip
vb.
spag-pa.
Diploma bka-rgya, bka-sog;
of
nobility
dpal-gyi ynan-sog.
Direct vb. a.
ytod-pa;
to be ed
ston-fn.
Ita-ba.
Direction
no, nos;
pyogs; man-nag;
zal-
ta;
sed.
Directly de-ma-fag-tu.
Director
*
go-pon*
C.
Dirt
dri-ma;
dreg-pa; rkyag-pa; teags-dregs.
Dirty adj.
dri-ma-
can;
btsog-pa; gos-pa;
mi-ytsan-ba;
fsi-du W.
Dirty
vb. S,.
Ogo-lt.
Disadvantage skyon.
Disagreeable mi-sdug-pa
;
yid-du-mi
f
on-
ba.
Disappear
mi-snan-bar
c
g</ur-ba; y<il-lxi\
med-par ^gyur-ba; Jig-p(i; Obu<l-pti.
Disapprove
O
dor-ba;
mi
ynaii-lxi.
Disciple grwa-pa; nye-ynas; slob-Jbdii*.
Discontented
$kyo-mo
;
nti
dga-ba.
Discontinue
ycod-jxi.
Discord
dbyen-pa;
st'l.
Discouraged
no
Obab-/><i.
Discourse s.
qleii-ltr)<>d,
glen-mo; tda-gu.
Discuss
bgro-oa.
Disdain
s. rinm-
Disease s.
nad; na-ba; snynir.
chronic
ycori:
fatal cV-ndrf.
Disfigured gya-ba.
40
- 625
f)ellression fto,i-ga,
1)1' 111·j VI.' o}iNIfI·flil: oJimf-/m: to he ,1ll[lriv.
ell /mll-lxt.
D"pth rti,;: :ab·t'fl; :116.
DI.'Tl\uged .I'"f/-blt 110. 3
I)erl\llgemcnt d'!l0JI.
lJescend /X.llrpa.
Dcseenunnts !"T!yluJ.
[)cscri be sto'/-pa: /Jri.JJa.
[) escri II t j 0II !Aff(l-pfl: Iftlfm-JlII: ,-n"8-f..ul,
"'mIII-far: by('·11-6,,1, ,yod-(5141.
Desert s. dYOIl-pll; obl"Ol./..-5tO,i).
Del>(!rted 8to,i-pll.
Deserve v. ..03-pa.
Design vb.a. (de1incille) /Jli.fxl: "god-pa:
(intend for) 5Jil)-/)a
Dl.'sign s. ri-lIlO.
1Il1!0-6a.
Desire s. odod-pa.
Delli re vb. odod-pa: 8t1l01l_pa; zf'n'pa:sr((!-
pa: ,·,jam'pa: "/iu.lrpu.: rJ.-am-pa.
Desolate adj. ,io lxllrpa: zUIII-pa.
I)Pspair s. yi(d)}'ax!-pa: yi(d) nltl!l-pa.
Ues II nir ,·b.l!o-lag {ixK!-p(/: yi(d)"lllllg·pa.
Desl,ise brllYaIl-paj nian-len b.lJNl-pu:
("!J(ld-du r5OO·p(l: o!JY1·,;·lm: smad-pa.
Despond tlpa-tf!j(Ni-ba.
lJesl'0nucncy tum-pa: yi(d) mug.
Hestine 51.:0-6a:
Desti n y IJ.-al-ba; 5hrba;lwxl..fxlt; d6wi-fdn.
Dcstituti' 1.:1Hl.!!yil btll/i-ba; lIIf/oll-mid;
1'tm-mid.
Oestroy ofJl'7II-pa; n;am-pll; jig-l'a;.,)oms-
1m; fsar-r«xl-pa 45Rj lIIa-/'llli-llar bg«i.
1m: mtd_p<Jr b.'ll',l-pa.
Destruction 'Zig-ral, ,.. rul-ba.
Detail s., in - /'[IYaIl-par 100.
Detllin skyil.JJa; bjol.JJa.
Detect nt.lje</.pa; (OO-{Ia.
Determi n e vb. 0.. (inducc) d'll.JJa; vb. II.
(resoh'e) (og ri:od-pa.
Detcst 8po,i-1Ja.
Develop vb. n. r!IYall-pa 100.
Dc vi n.t c o"yar-ba; ofJ0l-ba.
ne\"il bdlfd; btJl'fftl.
Devise dllllfp-lm-IlfJtl (or UN/I-I.:'!;8) r::o-
M; dgo,il-po.
De,-otll vb. 5i1o-ba.
Devotion f/II&-JKI, dllli-lxl.
Devour ellr mid-pa; luw·Juib ::u-ba..
Devou t tlkal-dun; 9Ju-pa; (lali-ba.
Dew So zil-pa.
Dexterity tlglfU·rMI.
Dexterou» 8iy tn-pa;
Dio.dcm COO.pUIl.
Dil\gralll d1wil-"or.
Dialect
Diamond rdo-,,)I', do"';t-im-lfim.
Diaphragm mall-ri.
Diarrhoea oJ(ru-OO; Aal W'r";'
Diction ary "'''''-f/i 1llll::od.
Die, dice S. 'Co-lll, lol;;o: t.o plll.Y At-lo
d8t-ba; ito f/!lI'<I-/,a.
ni c ,'b. II. iti-ba; IUHI
o!J"'O,i-ba; cleg. ..!fUm-pa; v. oda..bfl; to -
out Jud-pa.
Diet spyod-lamj l"ntell - dkar-::ds.
Difference fyad, J!J/lUl-par; bye-/ml.fl: to
lin/til. - )'11'1iS-li11 .d;;'-n-pa.
Different Jill-rei!!; (a-dad1Hl; 1IQ• .o: mi-
!>dNI-bu; not - rCitl-pa.
DIfficult dka.ba, dka-fxJ; fay_po, !!ab-lt!.
Diffuse vb. JlYt!d.pa.
Dig rktJ..bu; bru.JJu.
Digest JIl-ba; zu-ba.
Digestion Ju-ba.
Dig:nitp.ry (Iall-po.
Di i.t)' !f<J-grci.l, [JO-/idri; fIO-w; f/r(Jtl; dim-
of'«"·
Dike eu-raf/s, Cfl.loll; rag8.
Dilapidated !JOfI-/)(J.
Diligence britlon-J/"Is; 8f1yi/i-nil; to use
- Tuol-ba d:yed-pt,.
Diligent brtMm-pa-call.
Diligently 1'ilol-bar.
Di III adj. dkriys-pa; bk,·af/.ldr; man-nuin
[AI.: to grow - c!JIib-pa.
Diminish vb. a. o""'i-OO: ,-b.n. ofJrili-pa.
I>i Illness rab-rib, ltrab-/wib.
Hin odu-odd. •
Oip vb. 8pag-pa.
Dil' Ioma bka-r!!!Ja, 6I.:a-AOfl; - of nobility
llJlal"!I!Ji
Direct vb. a. rlod1m: 10 be -ed lron-pa,
lta--oo.
Direction ';Q, 1;08; !;yogl; man-nag; :al-
ta; ltd.
Directly dI'-'IIla.fag_tu.
Director +ofJfrlll!n-C.
Dirt dn-ma; dff!J1)Q.: rl.:yug-pa;lCa!Jtl"drtytl.
Dirty adj. dri-lIIa-clIlI; btsog-paj [JOtl-pa:
7Ili-r/$a,•.JJa: (si-du W:
Dirty vb. t.. ogo-ba.
$kyon.
Di SH.greefl ble yid-dll-'flli
bo,
Dis:l. ppen r mi_tlIIwi·bar ofJ.'fllr-ba; yaUJa;
'1J1«l-pa.. ofJIJ',,·6a; Jig-I'a; obt«l-pa.
DisAPIHO"C oMr-b(l; mi )'1Iwi.JJa.
Disciple S"ffl-pa; 1I!jC-f1IWS: sWb-oba';$.
oiscou tented dyo-/Ilo; "Ii dga-Jw..
Discontinue rCr>d-pa.
Discord dbyc1I.-pa; Mi.
DiscourAged no JJlI{,..pa.
Discourse S. yfrli-lir)lJd,gk"-1IIQ; /d('"!JII.
Discuss bgro-'ba.
Disdain l>. rnUlI-Chi.
s. tlad; flfl-l!a; tlllyu,,; chronic
rWi: fatal - on-mid.
gya-ba.
626
Disgrace
- -
Drink
Disgrace
s. rkan
-
O
dren,
zabs
-
O
dren.
Disgrace
vb.a
dma
-
Obebs-pa.
Disguise
s.
Jbay;
rdzu-ba.
Disguise
vb. a.
^yebs-pa;
v. cas 156-
Disgust
s.
skyo-sds;
Krel; rnam-rtoy.
Dish
ka-to-ra; sder-ma; spags; skyu-rum
W.
Disheartened
skyo-mo.
Dishonour vb.
smad-pa;
dma
Jbebs-pa.
Disk
kyir-kyir; dkyil-Jcor;
Kor-lo; sgor-
mo.
Dislocated,
to be Krul-ba.
Dismay
s.
zum-pa.
Dismiss bka
Ogrol-ba
; Ogyed-pa
; yton-ba;
Odon-pa.
Disorder s.
Krug-pa
; skyon ; Jfral -Jirul.
Dispatch
vb.
rdzon-ba; slog-pa; yton-ba,
mnag-pa.
Dispel zlog-pa.
Dispense
vb.
(deal out) Jbrim-pa.
Disperse
vb.a.
Ogye-ba, Qgyed-pa; ycor-ba;
vb. n.
Obyer-ba; yan
ca-ce W.
Display
vb.
^rems-pa; ycal-ba.
Disposition
s.
(character)
rgyud;
nan;
nan-ryyud; ran-bzin; ysis.
Disputation rtsod-pa.
Dispute
vb. n.
rgol-ba\ rtsod-pa.
Dispute
s.
Ka-mcu, rtsod-pa, O
dzin-mo.
Dissatisfaction
mi-dya-bai
sems.
Dissatisfied
mi-dga-ba ;
also
Jcon-pa.
Dissect
J)yed-pa.
Dissension
Jcon-po\ nafi-sel,
sel\
dbyen-pa.
Dissertation
rgyud,
mdo
Dissimilarity feyad-par;
mi- dra-ba.
Dissolute
O col-pa;
to be mi
fsai>s-par
spyod-pa.
Dissolve vb. a.
^jig-pa;
to be dissolved
fim-pa.
Dissuade
sgyur-
ba
;
zlog-pa.
Distance
rgyan-ma; nye-rin; fag; pa-
fsad,
pa-zdd
Distant
fag-rin(-mo).
Distend
rkyon-ba.
Distinct
Krol-po; cod-po;
wa-le,
wal-le-ba.
Distinction
/c.yad; dbye-ba.
Distinguish rnam(-par) bzag(-pa).
Distinguished Opags-pa ; Kyad-par-can
Distorted
ca-cus;
to be Urul-ba.
Distress s.
sduy-bshal, mya-nan,
dka-las.
Distribute
bgod-pa; Obrim-pa;
v.
(/yed-
pa.
District
yul-fcdg; yul-l)6ns; yul-sde; k'ul;
sde.
Disturb
dkrug-pa; yyeiis-par byed-pa;
bar-du
ycod-pa;
to be disturbed
Jcrug-pa.
Disturber
bstan-Mg.
Ditch
cu-^obs; ^obs.
Diverse
sna-fsogs;
sna-so-so.
Diversity bye-ba;
mi
O
dra-ba.
Divert
sgyur-ba; rtse-ba;
zlog-pa.
Divide
bgod-pa;
O
gyed-pa; Obyed-pa; Oges-
pa;
to be divided
Ogye-ba.
Dividend
bgo-byd.
Divine s.
cos-pa.
Division
dbye-ba; bye-brag] Kyad, K.yad-
par;
cu-fsdn;
rnam-pa; /cag.
Divisor
bgod-byed.
Dizzy,
I am
rngo Jtor.
Do
byed-pa; spyod-pa; eleg. bgyid-pa; resp.
mdzad-pa;
that will
-
*<Jig-pa yiri* C.;
des
cog.
Doctrine
cos; bstan-pa.
Dog %i,
male
Kyi-p'o,
fem.
kyi-mo;
mad
-
Kyi smyon-pa;
kennel
Kyi-Kan, Inji-
pul.
Doll miu.
Domain
Kams; Kul;
dban-ris.
Domicile
mcis-brdn.
Dominion Kams
39;
v.
rgyal
-
Kams
108
;
nan; mna;
cab-^6g; dbai/-ris;
srid.
Door
sgo; cab-sgo; large sgo-mo;
little--
sgev-; principal rgyal-sgo;
bar
ytan-
pa;
frame
sgo- drig;
~
liinge sgo-Kor,
go-pin
W.
;
keeper syo-pa, resp.
cabs-
sgo-pa, sgo-sm/t.
Dose s. fun.
Dosser
tse-po, tsel-po.
Dot s.
fseg.
Double
adj. ynyis
-
Iddb; tongued
Ice-
ynyis-pa;
barreled
gun nyi-rayW.; (v.
sbrag-pa)
; fsan-yd.
Double vb. a.
skum-pa.
Doubt s.
fe-tsom;
fsom-pa;
fsom-fsom; yid-
ynyis.
Doubtful
ytol-med.
Dough skyo-ma; bag-zan.
Down adv.
fur;
fen-la
C.; ysam-du;
to
go
nub-pa, Obab-pa.
Downward
mar, m.as;
^.oy-tu,
sod-du.
Dowry
rdzons.
Doze vb.
nyid fom-pa.
Drag
vb.
Odrud-pa.
Dragon Obrug.
Dram s.
(weight)
zo 478.
Draught
s.
(drawing) bkod-pa; ri-mo;
(drink)
hub.
Draw
(pull) /en -pa; Odren-pa;
to in
rnub-pa; skum-pa;
to out
Qfen-pa;
Obyin-pa;
to
up (to compose) Ogod-pa.
Dreadful
)igs-pa.
Dream s.
rmi-lam,
resp. mnal-lam;
vb.
rmi-ba.
Dress s.
gos,
cas;
resp.
na-bza.
Dress vb. a.
(to clothe) skon-pa; (to cook)
/sod-pa, O fsed-pa;
to wounds
sdom-pa.
Dressed
up
zab-mo.
Dried
skam-po; up kum-pa.
Drink vb.
Jlun-ba.
Drink s.
skyems;
zal-skom;
meat and
bza-btun.
626
Disgrace s. l'/,:(1.Ii-
o
drbl, :am-oddll.
Disgrace vb. a
Disguise s. /.Iay; rdzu-ha
Disguise "b, a, o!JeW-f/J; v. cas If,",
Disgust s. slyo·slis; Irel; l'1lam-rl6[,.
Oi sh ka-to-ra; wer-lIla; spags; ,,/,:Jl'H"I'11I1
IV.
Disheartened skyo-"!llo.
Dishonour vb. smad-pa.; dma obelM-pa.
Disk kyw-I."'!/ir; dkyil-J!&r: sym'-
mo.
Dislocated, to be - ol.[l'11l-ba..
Dismay s.
Dismiss him oytol-ho.; o!Jyffl-pa; ylcni.ba.;
don·p",
Di'sordel' s. ",h'/lrl-pa: skyotl; oA'rul-",..'l'ill.
Oispntch vb. /Y/::cil.ba; ::101-Pa.; yIQ,i-ba,
mnag-pa.
DiS/lei ::log-pa.
Dispense "Il. (deal Ollt) .bl'im-pa.
Oi sperse vb.a. ofJye-bu.-' o!fYOO1'u; yi.'(Jr-ba:
vb. n. /.Iyer-ba; !Ian ca-i-"t W:
I'll. yeal-bl/.
Dispos,tion s. (clHlmcter) 1"9yud: limi:
;w"_rgyud; I'mi-bZin; y$i$.
Disputation rt8Od-pa.
Dispute \·b. n. IYJOl-ba: rwxI-pa.
Dis pute s. /fa-mefl, rtsod-pa, od::i,i-IIW.
Dissa.tisfaction mi-dga-bai
Dissatisfied mi-dgu-ha; also i!on-pa.
Dissect 9byffl-pa.
Dissenslo n ol!on-pa; lIa,i-sel, sel: db!Jl"1l-pu.
Dissertation '"9!{ud,lIldo
Dissimilarity Ifyad·pm·; mi-odra-ba..
Dissolute Jol-pa; to be - mi {sa,is-pa.r
spyrxl-pa.
Dissolve "b.a. Jig-pa.; to be
6m-pa.
Dissua.de Sf}!JU".bfl; :bx.;-pa.
Distance rgyari-ma; Il.l/e-I"iilj fag; i'a-
(sad, pa-z4d
Distant (ag-n·,i(-mo).
Distend rkyoil-ba. -
Distinct I.'rol-pll; cod-po: tca.-te, u;al-le-ba.
Distinction I.'yad; df.,ye-!Ja.
Distinguish mam(-par) Ihag(-pa).
Distinguished opags-pa; l1yad-par_i:an
Distorted ca-CWJj to be - ",..'rul-bl'.
Distress s. rn.'1a-,ian, dka-las,
Distribute bgod--pa; ob,-im.paj v. o!Iyed-
p'.
District yul-IMy; yul-vons; yul-sdej ful;
,",.
Disturb dkrug-pa; yyelis-par byed-pa;
bar-du reed-pa; to be distlll'heo Kl'l1f1-pa.
Disturber bwm-Sig. 0
Ditch
Diverse 311a-(809s; sna-so-so.
Di versity bye-ba; 1IIi lra-ba.
Divert sgyur-ba; rtu-oa; zlog-pa.
,
Oi vi de 4/yed-pa; ob!JM-pa: o!IPW-
pa; tn bl' 11Ivi,lco o!Jye·ba
Olvidcud bfjQ-bya.
Di\·inc 8. ['(JS-pa.
Division bye-bra.'!; Kyat!,
par; clI_fxan; rna.m-}I(I.; Rag,
DIvisor (,god-byed.
Dizzy, J rim - /Ilf}Q)tOI'.
Dn b/jrJ-pa.; sp.lJod-pa: bgyid-pa:
mdzad-pa; that will - 'Jig'pa .vilt- G.;
des Cog.
Doctrine Cos: bswn-pa.
nog male - l:lJi-l/Q, fem. f/li-mll; IImd
- A:'1i s/l/yon-pa; - kennel kyi-l'd'i, kyi-
pul,
Doll miu.
l)"main lial"l18: flll; IlQUli-ds.
DOlnicile mcis-brli,i.
Dominion l'al/18 :19; \'. '"9,IJa.I-fams lOll;
.ian; IlOia; cab'_6[/: dbmi-d8; sri'l.
Do(H' CUf,-81.}Q; h'rgc·- 81frmo; little-
syeu: I'rincipal - ryyul-sgo; - b:lr ytan-
ra: - frame sg()o/Irig; - lliuge lffJQ-for,
yo-fri,; 11'.; - kel'rer fJfjQ-pa, cabs-
I5f?"pa,8fj0-4MlIl.
Dose s. (un.
t&-po, lsd-po.
Dot s. (seg.
Douhle adj. ynyis ·idab; - tongued Itt-
rllyis-pa; - bnrreled gun nyi.rllfJlY.; (\'.
wraq-pa); (sail-yd.
001l b1e vb. a. slcum-pa.
Dou ht s. (e· t86m; {som-pa; {som-(s6m: yid-
rw
is
.
Doubtful rtol-mld.
Dough MJJO-ffla: bag-zan.
Down adv. (ur: C; y.iam-du; to go
- nub-pa, obab-pa.
Downward mal', mus; sod-duo
Dowry rikOlis.
Doze vb. n.vid {om-pa.
Drag vb. /irod-pa.
Dmgon o/)rwl·
Dra 10 S. (welght) zo 478.
Draught s. (d''llwing) blood-pa; ri-mo:
(drink) llub.
Drnw (pull) fen-pa; "drcn"pa; to - in
rNub-pa.; sl·um-pa; to - out o(en-pa;
iJ.tJin-pa; to - up (to compose) o!JOd-1la.
Dreadful Jigs-pa.
Dream S. rmi-lam, resp.lIInal-lam: vb.
Nlli-ba.
Dress fj08, <:a.s; resp. lIa-b:a.
J) ress vb. a. (10 dotlle) skon-pa; (to cook)
o{wl-pa; to - wounds sdom-p'"
Drel>s('d up ::-a!r-mo. -
Dried skarn-po; - up J.:um-pa.
Drink vb. ftui-ba.
Drink s. sl
y
ems; Za.l-skdm: meat lIud
bza-btuil.
Drinkable water Elsewhere
Due
adj.
D linkable \s at IT >/ //,.-
I
)
ri n k
ing-cup s/y/w/.s;
\-an-i-un,
/><>r-jxi.
Duel s.
Q
/t
:
r/i;/-/xi.
ko-r> H. Dulcimer
//"//-/////
7>.
Dripvb </:<i;/-jxi.
Dull
adj. ttityn-jm:
Drive vb.
( //<</-/></
: to
-
hack
<joy-pa\
:l<><l-li;
i.i out
skr<nl-it\
bdu-lm.
D ri \ i-r ,1,,1-ini.
D rn
p
>.
fii/x-fxi.
Drop
vb. a. knil >f<i/t -/xi; \li.n.
<l:u<i
[m;
-Int.
Dropsy y^f/.s-r//: snyiit-cn;
Dr.
627
i-tnl-i>\
hlun-
r"
Dill I IK--- niiii-lin.
I
)
u 111 1>
IL-iHjx-jHi
: tut r<t- in
i-nw-pa.
DII
injili
iii_
r
i-n-iii-iiir
W.
Dun^
a.
/o/
/.</.; A/-//r/ H
r
. : hi-un.
Dungeon
l>ri-iniin\
lits<nt-<l<>n.
Dupe
vb. a.
/////"
N/-O/- A
;
/r</
-jut.
25.
During |in-j>.
/,-o//.s-.s// : //r/
-j'.is:
////-///.
Drowned,
to be
!
Ofsub-pa
;
t
:
ws
Kyer-ba.
Dusk
y
Drum s.
///;
skin
rtHi-fj.n'igsj
stick Dust s.
kijint-s(i\
hd-bu;
rdul',
pye-ma',
i-nii-lt-i'iij.
Dm in iner
riia-p<t.
Drunk
rtt-ro-bir; bzi-i-un
IT.;
t
(
>
get
-
Drunkard cait -dad-can W.
Drunkenness ra-ro.
Di-y adj. x/itim-pa, skam-po;
\\eather,
drought fan-/xt.
I
)
ry
vli. a
ski'iii-jxt.
I
)
ry
ness
skam-pa,
Duck s.
(water-fowl)
-iiur-ba.
cloud of
Duty
/<
r
//; /r/ww; sdom-pa',
moral /*'//-
/.rims; (tax) dpya; xo-ydm,
Dwarf wm.
Dwell
ynas-pa, Oduy-pa\ sdod-pa-, resp.
bzugs-pa; Jcod-pa.
D\\cllinr
s.
yuax-kan, ynas-fsafr, eleg.
mc'is-bra/'t;
temporary Q
brait-sa.
Dwindle
yal-ba
Dye
s. 6
us;
vl>. a. sos
ryyuy-pa.
Dynasty rgyal-bryyud; rgyal-rdbs.
Each
l.un; re,
re- re
Eager Odod-can,
Odod-ldan\
to be
O
dod-
pa\ sred-pa.
Eagle yo-bo', yl<i<j.
Ear rna-ba"
resp snyan;
aclie rna-ba
im-l>a< hole
rna-lt'itit\
-
shot r<iii<tii-
77 I
'
C
(ii-u<i*
: \\a.\
klog-pa\ rna-Kyag\
of
corn
snye-ma.
Early adj.
and adv. v. s/m
135;
earlier //^/-
///f/. .s/'i
/-//;;
earlier or later xiut-r1i/>-<lu.
Mar u
Kuy-pa.
Earnest
s.,
in
good
don-dam.
Earnestly snyiri-nas;
v. also
yuii-day-pa,
sub.
day-pa
248.
Ma r! h
.s;
sa
cen-po; quake $a-yyos;
*u//-
yul
W.
Kasy
xl<i-bu\
lhod-pa.
Eat
za-ba,
b:u-b<r.
resp. y*<>/-/t<i; //t*<-(></-/>ii;
v. also
O
fuit-ba',
to
up ttt(t-/ns-jxir
~a-ba.
Echo s.
bi'ay-ctt\ xiird-br/tt/iht.
Eclipse
of the moon zla-
dzin,
of the sun
Edge
Ka\
ca-ga\ mfa\ zur\
of a knife
Edict
bka-soy, ysuri-soy:
Edifice
bkod-pa<&.
Educate
Ofso-ba; yso-ba, yso-s/,yon bycd-
pa.
Effect vb. a.
byed-pa.
Kt'fect s.
Obi'as~bu;
effects
(goods) ca-lay
W., lay-ca, ao-byad.
Effervesce Kol-ba.
Efficacy nus-j>ti.
Egg syo-iid,
ful W.
Egotism
bda</-
dzin 268.
Egypt
mi-ser
yul.
Eight
num.
bryyad;
eighth bryifad -/></:
eighteen cu-bryyad; eighteenth cu-bryyad-
pa; eighty bi'yyad-cu; eightieth bryyad-
cti-pa.
Either or
yan-na yan-na.
Eject skrod-pa\ O
dor-ba.
Elapse O
da-ba.
Elbow
(/m-mo, are-mo;
dre-bo.
Elder
adj.
ce-ba,
ceii-po-,
brother
)o-bo\
fu-bo.
Elder s.
ryad-po.
Election
ydain-ka.
Electuary /</<'-////.
Element
O
bym'i-ba:
l.'<nn*.
Elephant ylaii. <ilait~i>-<->'.
</l>'><->
Elevate saro-
dogs-pa-.
</Ws-y</:
.
Eleven
bcu-yci]/:
eleventh l>cu-'
c/</-]>it.
Elk /.-.%</ f<a-ba.
Kloij
ue nee
ka-xln/aii.
Eloquent
/}</-
dbd/'i : ku
-
^>i/a
'/
-j
m
; /v-
dugs-i-an
W.
Elsewhere
)Zan-du.
Drillkll.ble - Elsewbere 627
Drinkllblt wlll('1' 'KbII3-CU
IlrinkillIJ-CUII ((II,-i'tm,]HJr-pll,
II.
Ihip vII "d:llfr/KI.
,'1.1. •dtd-Jlll: (0 - ll1lck ofIOY'-pll;
tllly-/IIl; to·- uul J.:rod-pu; IHIlI_bu.
I)river "Ill'l.l-mi.
Ih,,1' figs'1'"'
I) r" fI .. h. a. '"ll / /O,;-!KI; \ U. n. •U:U!J-])II;
"COI'4J11.
[lrop"}' pU!j3-i.-"u: '//yi,;-i!u: d",a-eU,
I) l' (J., $
I) rH\1 11 cIl, to be - .(,mlt-pl(: ,'us Jl!/l'r-Im.
DrUILl s. I";U; - "kin ,',ill-Ipdy.; -- stio:k
niu-li'ti!J.
I)rllnllllCr ",iU-PII,
I) ru n k m-I't)..fJu; b::i-cwl II', j to get - b:i-
bu.
Drunknrtl ewi-dad-can n:
nrllDkcllllC"S I'U-''/),
Ill')' adj, d:alll-pa, ,I.·alll-/,o; d:nll-pa:
\Icalher, Ilrougiit (UI/-PU_
Ihy I·b. It, d·('IJl-pu.
DI'Ylle:<s d'{(IIl-pa.
Durk s, (\\':ll('r-f<l\\I) ,;U/'-ba.
Due lIdj,
Du cI II. ,,!troy-pa.
DulciJucr !I"1I-lji11 'r..
Dull adj. lI.t/fP-pa: glm-J'": ,·ttd-JKJ; MWI_
1"-1.
nullllc"s rnm-bll.
I) 1/111 b II.·a9'-1'II;
DllluplinK ?u.ta-[fl·1' IV.
DlIug II. {eu IA/.: li:i-ba w.; bnm.
Dungeon I.td_mim; bfMJI1-do,l.
Du pc \' L, :I. Jilf/'J .I.w b.'1l'1l·l'u 25,
During IU'('lf, /.'O/U-.II; 11<1 2'J6; 1-t';_{1l.
Husky J'lfIll-IIl"n.
J)Ul<t s. (//{-oo: .'dal; yIlt-1I1Il;
e1nud of - blld.
I) u t)' Atll!!; /,t';1II'; .dorll-pa: mornl - (.al-
(IJlX) dl'Yu; 8o-!llim.
Dwarf mia,
n well )'II/U-P", "da{J-pa; ..lod-])a; resp.
M;!I{J,-pll; "h"Q(I-pa.
Dwelliu!{ s. [,iUs-fan, ma.-f.u';; cleg,
1118,·1,,1'(//'; ternpor:lry - "b,·ui/-.a.
Dwindlu !lal-ba
Dye s. f. '; vI>. a, f_ I'g!log-pa,
n), II nI< ly I'g!Jlll-brg!fUll;
E
Ench lUI!; rf, re-r,:
Ell!(C r "dod-i:/III, "dod-MII/!: to he - "dod-
Jlu; 'ftd-pa,
E'lgle !J!rbo; !llu!J.
Ell!' I'na·bu: I'e"p '''!JWI; - nellc I'I'a-bu
- holc ,.,w-I.'''''; - 'ihot 1'!J!JIlIi-
gl'a!J': - WIIX 1.1QiJ-J"'; "I/II-Ayuf/: - of
eOI'll "wt-ma,
E", rl)' llflj, lind ad\'. \'. "iu 13.'>; Clll'lie!' "i,,-
lila, '11I1-1110; cnrlier OJ' latcr $/iu-rtili-dtt,
E" I'll i'1lg-pa.
Enrne.,t s" in - /1()11-<.lulil.
ElIrue"tly v. ,'Ial'-lilll/-pll,
dag-pa 218.
I';"rth 'U; Celt_PO; - llunkc,/I-/yOs;.u,i-
gitl W.
East ¥/II'.
!iu-bu: lIu>d-pa,
Ell t :a-ba, b:,,-lm; //leod-IHl;
\'. al.." ,,(u,i-ba: 10 - "If 1II1I-11I'-pal' :u-oo.
Echo s. brllg_;;a; '[It'a..fJ/.,lylill.
Eel i 'file (If moon :lu-"d:i1l, of the "un
1I!Ji-.d:ill.
Edgl' I.'u: ell-[JU; 7/1(11; tUI'; - of l\ \.:uifQ
d,io.
Ed it: t bf,;1I'80f1, pa,i-80!!:
Edifice bJ:od-pa 96,
EduClltC .f30-bu; )'I/)·bu, }JlHlym byed-
Ehe'ct \'1.1. a. bytd-pa,
.b"(j&-bu; <'[crt" ea-ill!!
It:, lug-cu, ,I,O-byad,
Eflel'l'esce "J..'ol.ba,
JIU'-pll,
EgJ; .go_,i,l. (Id IV.
Egotism lxla:/-"J:i,t 2GB,
Egypt J111-3/1' !lui
E i lit Dum, IW{Jyad; bl'!J!Iad - JKIj
clghtcCll i:u-bl'!J!Jud: l'u-b''!JYud-
Jlu; eighty b''!JyuJ-t'u; l'ightietll brg!JU(I-
ea-pu.
Eithe r - or ywi-na-,'1Ufi-1Ia.
Eject sI.:rod-pu; .dor-ba.
.tia-lm,
E Iboll' [I'-U-/l/O, f/"t-IIW; .-il'e-bo,
Elder Adj. ce-ba, cro-]XI; - tll'olliel'jo·Uo;
fu-oo.
Elder l'!Jad-po,
Election )'dlllll-I.:a,
ElectuM)' lih-gll.
Elemenl "bYllli-ba; flltll•.
F.l c p h1\ n t glait. glw,-jH'"c(, gilli/.cttl
Elen\(' 3!Jro-"dO[ll-pa; .dtlJ&-JlIl:
,\:('1,-1,,/1,
EI c \' ell bt'u-(HU: elll\'Clllh bt'tt-)'Ciy_PII.
EI \.:. 1.'1I-81[ la-bu.
Elo(!uenCe A'a..wI/IlH.
EI0 quCn t ,lug- '/hli,l ; J!u-.bYI/li -]XI; 1.'11-
IU!f8-Cali W
Ei'f6)'1.beN )'%all-da.
628
Emanate Exact
Emanate
Opro-ba.
Emanation
sprul-ba
336.
Emboss
pur-ba.
Embrace vb.
/cyud-pa;
Kril-ba\ O
dzin-
pa]
If
yob-pa.
Emerald
ma-rgdd,
Emerge Obyun-ba.
Emetic
skyug-smdn.
Eminent
kyad-par-can;
pun-sum-tsogs-
pa; rgyal-ba; pul-tu byun-ba.
Emit
Jbyin-pa.
Emmet
yre-mog-bu
W.] grog-ma.
Empale ysal-sih-la skyon-pa.
Emperor rgyal-po cen-po.
Empire
Hams; yul-fcdms; rgyal-Kdy.
Employ skyel-ba] spyod-pa;
to be -ed or
busy
brel-ba.
Empty ston-pa]
to make
stons-pa.
Emulate
Ogran-pa.
Emulation
Ogran-sems.
Enabled,
to be
Jcom-pa
44-
Encampment sgar; dmag-sgdr.
Enchanter
gon-pO]
enchantress
Ogon-ba-
mo.
Encircle skor-ba.
Enclose skor-ba.
Enclosure
skor-ba;
ra-ba.
Encompass Jcyigs-pa] Kyud-pa]
skor-ba.
End s.
mjug;
mfa, mfa-rna;
pug\ )'zug]
towards or at the
mfa-ru, mfar]
to be
at an
rdzogs-pa, zin-pa.
Endeavour
\\>.rtsol-ba\
Ihur
len-pa;
don-
du
ynyer-ba]
s.
Ogrus-pa.
Endless
mt'a-yds;
mfa-med.
Enemy dgra, dgra-bo; p'a-rol-po; O
fse-ba.
Energy sugs.
Engagement (promise)
cad] sdom-pa;
v.
also
las,
brel-ba.
Engrave
rko-ba.
Enjoin
skul-ba.
Enjoy
Ions
spyod-pa;
one's self rtse-ba.
Enjoyment lons-spyod ; nyams-myon.
Enlarge rgyas-pa] Opel-ba] dar-ba]
-
upon spro-ba.
Enough tsad\ cog-pa;
to be
Jtyed-pa-,
Ogrig-pa.
Ensnare dkri-ba.
Enter vb. a.
Jug-pa; Ofsugs-pa; Ofsud-pa;
vb. n.
cud-pa.
Entertainment
mgron;
v. also mcod-ston.
Entire
tsan-ma]
ril-ba;
son-te W.
Entity
no-bo-nyid
129
; cos-nyid
164.
Entrails
rgyu-ma,
nan-fcrol.
Entrance
(vestibule)
sgo-Kdn.
Entrust
O col-ba; ytod-pa, yny&r-Ra ytad-
pa.
Enumerate
sgran-ba, bsgran-ba\ Odren-pa.
Enumeration
rnam-qrdns.
T
,
,
y
Hinvelope yi-gei
subs.
Envious
prag-dog-can ;
v. also ce-re.
Envoy po-nya.
Envy
s.
prag-dog; mig-ser.
Envy
vb.
prag-pa.
E
pi demy rims(-nad)]
nan rims.
Epilepsy Jcyab- )ug; yza-ndd] yza-pog-pa.
Epistle yi-ge.
Epitaph
dur-byan.
Equal mnyam-pa; snyoms-po
201; Odra-ba;
mfsuns-pa.
Equality mnyam-pa-nyid; O
dra-mi- dra.
Equanimity snyoms-pa; btan-snyoms.
Equivalent
s.
dod;
fsab.
Eradicate rtsad-nas
y
cod-pa.
Erect
adj. kye-re\
Kron-ne.
Erect vb. a.
sgren-ba] Odzugs-pa]
bzen-ba.
Err
J?yar-ba\ Otirul-ba\ Ogol-ba;
nor-ba.
Error
Ogal-sa; Jtrul-so, Jcrul-yzi.
Eructation
skyug-lddd] sgreg-pa.
Escape
vb.
O cor-ba; Obud-pa.
Escort s.
skyel-ma; bsel(-ba),
lam-bsel.
Escort vb. rdzon
Odebs-pa.
Especially Kyad-par-du.
Essence
no-bo-nyid 129;
bcud
(quintes-
sence)
147.
Establish
Ogod-pa.
Estafet
rta-zam-pa.
Esteem s.
pu-dud;
rtsis] ya-sa.
Esteem vb. a.
bkur-ba] yccs-par byed-pa
or
Odzin-pa.
Estimation
rtsis]
fsod
453.
Eternal
rtag-pa] skye- ci-med-pa.
Eternity rtag-tu-ba (?).
Ether mica.
Etymology fa-snydd.
Eunuch
nyug-rum.
Euphony sgra
-
dbyans
.
Europe rgya-pi-Un
; pyi-glin, vulgo pi-lin.
European
s.
pa-rdn, pe-rdn] pi-lin-pa.
Evade
)ur-ba, O
dzur-ba; ^ol-ba; O
cor-ba.
Evangelist prin-bzan sgrog-pa (-po)
.
Evaporate fim-pa.
Even
adj. mnyam-pa.
Even vb. a
(to level) snyom-pa.
Even adv.
fa-na;
yan\
not v.
yaii
505-
Evening
nub
;
nub-mo
;
dgons.
Evenness
nyam-pa-nyid.
Event
rkyen\ dnos-po;
at all events m
kyan, gan yin kyan
65; ga-na-med
W.,
gar-med
W.
Ever
rtag-tu] ytan-du; dus-rgyun-du.
Every
kun] re,
re
-re]
v.
gan 65;
day
dkyus-ma] zag
dan
zag
248;
-thing can]
ci]
kun.
Everywhere
kun-tu]
v. cir 141.
Evidence
rgyu-mfsan
111.
Evident
mnon-pa.
Evidently
v.
nes-pa
128.
Evil s.
nan]
nyes-pa.
Evil
adj. nan-pa]
tu-ba] spirit Ogon-po.
Exact
adj. zib-pa.
628
Emanate - Exact
Emanate "pro-ba.
Emfllllltion sprul-ba 336·
Emboss pu,'-ba.
Embrnce vb. /l!Jud-pa; oltril·/)(J.j orkin-
Jilt; t'yaJ.r.pa.
Emel'nld ma-rgdd,
obyuil-bo.
Eluetlc sJ..yu.9-8mall.
Eminent kyaa-JX1:"-callj lwll-sum-(MIfp-
paj 'Y!lal-ba; flll/-tll byuli-ba.
Emit obyin-pa.
Emmet Wi fJl'OfI-rna.
Empnle fsal-i>ui-Ia
Emperor rg!lal-po {'ffi-PQ·
Empire l'mllsj yu{.IM1Il8; t'9yal-fdg.
Employ sl.-yel-ba; sp'Jod-pa; to be - ed OJ'
busy brel-ba.
ErulllY 8uni-pa; to make - sl(J!;S-pa.
Emu Iate ofJran-pa.
Emulation of/,'a7l·M1/U>.
Enabled, 10 he J.'om-pa 44.
Encampment sf/ar; dml1{}-'gcir.
Enel/noter o!JCli-/H'.!; enchantress <ffO,i-bu-
....
Encircle s/ro,..ba.
E;nclose skor-ba.
Enclosure 1'(1-611..
Encompass ol'yigs-pa; ol.yud-pa; skol'·ba.
End s. "!lug; mfa. 1/1(11.-11111.; imgi
towards or at the - 1/1(/I-1"U, VI(al'; to be
at nn - 1'dZfJfls-pa, ;:In-pa.
.E uden. vo ur \'b, lud·bu; 1Mii' lell-paj JQII-
du )'nyel--Qu; g, <:!Jrw'-pa.
Endless mfa-y(t8; mfa-moo,
Enemy dfl"U, dgru-oo; pa-IYJl-p<Jj effe-ba.
Eneq::y Iw.fls.
BngajO:emcnt (promise) cad; WQrn--pa; v.
nlSQ len, bul-ba.
EUj:;rll.ve 1'kfJ-ba.
sJ.:ul-ba.
Enjoy 10lis SP!J{Jd-pa; - one's self rtu-ba.
Enjoyment Unis-8pytM; 1Iyumf-'llIYOli.
Enlarge 1'g!Jen-pa; epd-ba: dar-bll; -
upon fprQ-ba.
Enough (sad; "Cog-pa; to be -
ef/I'ig-pa.
j<:nsnMe dkri-bo..
Enter vb. a. ell/g-pt,; e(sufP-pa; Isud-pa;
vb. n. {'ltd-pa.
Entc rtlli nment mgron; v.lliso 11ieotl-<JtQn.
Entire t8an-ma; ril-ba: son-te 11':
Entity ilO-OO-lllfid 129; Cos-1l!fl"d 16t,
I-; n trai Is IYI.!jU-'1Ila, nUli-f'roi.
Entrancc (vestibule)
Entrust eeol-baj rUxl-pa, ynyn--l1a rlad-
pa.
ED ume ,'ntc Sf!Imi-ba, bsgrQli-bu: edr.:n-pa.
Enumeration Nwm-flra,iJ,
Envelope J;i-gei "IIW.
E (H·i ou s prag-.:log-can; v. also «_ri.
EDV0Y }f<MIyu.
En vy s. prag-My: mig-sh-.
En\'y vb'lJru9-pa.
Epidemy natl rt'1Il11.
E pileI's y ('!Ioo-jug; rza-/l(irl; rza-fx>9-ptl.
Epist e yi-ge.
Epita/lh dur-byali.
Eq u a mnyam·paj SllYOIIIS-PO 201; etlra-w;
mffulls-pa,
Equality mnyam-pa"'llyid: edru-mi-edra.
Rqunnimity fll!Jt)fIl$·paj btM'-fn!j6ms.
Equi"alent s. dod; (sab. .
Eradicate rtsad-nas rCtxI-pa,
Erect adj. /..ye-ri;
Erect "b, n. sgrtti-ba: edzugs-pa; bzt>i-6'J.
Err Jy«r-w; eA'rul-ba; J}ol-ba; 1/Q1....ba.
Error e!J«I-fa; jlrol-MJ, Jirul-r±i.
Eructation sk!Jug-lddd; 8fjreg-pa.
Escnpe vI). ewI.... ba; ebud-pa.
EScort s. we/(-w), lam-Wi.
Escort vb. r,lUli! edebll-pa.
Especinlly l:!Jad-pal"-l.lu.
Essence ilO-bo.nyid 129; b(\u(1 (quint('s-
sence) 147.
Estnblish "got1-1/a.
Es tRf et 1ta-zam-pa.
Esteem s. irn-dlid; "ISIS;
.Estcem vU. a. b/..1/r-ba; )"ces-ptll'
or Q.lzin-pa.
Estimntion risis; (soo 453.
l'lag-pa; fl-ye-Ji-met.l-pa.
Eternity rtng-Iu-ba (?)•
Ether mK"a.
Etymology (a-sllydd.
Eunuch nfll'y-rum.
E u fl h 0 n y 8!I'·a-db!Jati8.
E uI'ope fgya-pi-lhi; hi-9thi, \'ulA"0 pi·-lili.
E uro llCAD s. lla-rail., pe-rull; in·-lin:)'a.
E vad c n)ur-ba. e,I;:lIt-oo; Jol-ba; e('Ot·w.
E\. angel i st pl-in-bzmi f9rog-pa(-po).
Evaporate fim-pa.
Even adj. nm!Jam-pa.
Evcn vb. a (to )e\'el) s'1l!lQmfa,
Even adv. (a-na: !JUti; not - v. !JUl' 006,
Evening nub; nub-1/I<); dgO/is.
Evenncss nyarn--pa--nyid.
E"ent '·/..-ynl; alios-po; at all events I-IS
k'!JUII, gfl>j yin J.'!}ait 1)5; ga-na-mld w..
lV.
F.ver riag-Iu; rla1l-du; dU8-rgyun-du.
re, re-ri; \'. gwi (;5; - day
dkyus-ma; 'Z:ng dali z!lf} 2018; -thing (Uti;
a; 1.:U1l.
EV'Hywhere .hm-lu; ", 81' 141.
Evidence rgyu-m(san ttl.
Evident'Tn,jon-pa.
Evidently v. 'ies-pa I2$.
E\' i I s. nan; 11!Jes-pa.
Evil nJj. ',an-paj (u-ba; - spirit e!jOJi-po.
JRpct adj. zi5-pa.
Exactly Family
089
Exactly
Ko-na;
ran;
that </>-</>'
-j;,i;.
i
u
r
^
r
f i- a t r
x<i/-n-j/<itjx-pa.
\ . \ :d t
NI//V/-
</</x-pa.
I It ed
//</>-/'".
!! \ :i in i n a t i <> ii
brtogs-dpyad,
\ . \ a in i ii <
rt</-i>(t
:
t/jiymf-pti
:
):/</-/>
;
saif-
Expanse
klon;
Kn
Expect N'/'/.'/-/'"-
\'\\
[)((!
icn t
adj.
/Hilt-
ilniix-
ii. iu<-t
can;
r
E\ am
pie ///"':
ilfi
V. \ra \ a te
yi-nn-btr. xlm<i~pa.
I . \ c;| \ a t I Oil
,S/;//</.s ; ,so//.
Hence
<l/to*-</r/t/>:
cr-ba.
\.\cc I lent
f</yti(
bn:
I,i/(i(l-i><ir-i-<nr.
l><r, p'un-fsdgs; ^pays-pa.
Kxrept prep.
///</
yto<js-[>(ir;
inin. nu'tt-
/mr.
K
\eliaiiij-e
s.
(agio) /^/'.
I
1
! \ c i t xloii-b<i. dk
rot/-
[XL
Exclaim
Jitod-fxi.
lusively
Ico-nn.
BzcremeDt
rkyag-pa] rf/t</-/>a\
<lri-in<i.
Excrescence
lba-ba; nuhfr-jxt: jl:t>r-i><t.
Execrate //an
Odebs-pa; /////((//-/KI:
<lnn><l-
pa O
b&r-ba.
Exercise s.
(bodily) spyod-lam 335;
of
religion cos-spyod.
Exercise vb. .
sbtjoit-ba; lay-tu len-pa.
I \ c
rt one's self
Obad-pa.
Exertion
Obad-pa; brtson-pa; doii-y/ti/rr;
dka-ba.
Exhau.-tcd
nyaffM-tag-pa\
to be
(con-
sumed) Odzad-pa\ zin-pa; (tired)
tW-
pa;
Hal-
cad-pa,
faii-
cad-pa
Kxlntrt
skid-ba\
*knl-ca</
bt/<'</-j><i\
bslab-
bya byed-pa,
or
ston-pa,
or btan-lxt.
Exhortation
bskid-ba, bskul-ma\
my
lit
-
ytam\ luit, luii-bstdn;
bslab-bya;
farewell
-
Ka-cems,
Exile vb. a.
ynas-nas dgar-ba.
Exist cf.
Odug-pa\ yod~pa; skye-ba.
Existence
skye-ba; .s/vW-y^/.
Exorcise dam-la
Odog8-pa.
-im; Jn,/-j,n.
Ex
j)
e n el i t u r e
,
M x
1
1 .
1 1
-
-/
pa, skyay-sgo.
Expensive gus-po.
Experience
vb. a.
myon-ba,
/ii/<i//i*-8U
myon-ba;
v. alx>
sbi/n/'t-ba
i? / /
nzpei
lencc s. nloo9.
Experienced
(skilled) Wv/.s-pa.
E
xpiation sdig-b&dgt
.
Ex
|>iro O
dd-ba.
Ex|lain Oyrel-ba, ^yrol-ba;
no
sprod-pa;
O
c
ad-pa; bsad-pa.
V* x
j
> 1 a n a ti o n
brda-sprdd.
Exploit Kyo ga.
Expressly
ced-du.
Exquisite mcog-tu
bkrab; kyad-par Qpags-
pa.
Extend
rkyoii-ba;
bsnar-ba.
Extension
/{yon; gu.
Extensive
rgyas-^pa; yam-pa.
Extent
Kyon; rgya, ryya-kyon, ryya-lm:
cu-zeii 158.
Exterior s.
mam-pa\ ca-byad
152.
External
pyii,
v.
pyi
III
-Hi);
appear-
ance
ca-byad, pyl-rol.
I'jxtinct,
to become
O cad-pa\
si-ba.
Extinguish ysod-pa.
Extra
O
feb.
Extract vb. a.
bku-ba;
Obyin-pa; Odon-j>".
Extraction
(descent) rigs.
Extremity (end) mfa-ma,
zur.
Eve s.
mig, resj). spyan;
bro\v
*inin-ina\
lash
rdzi-ma;
mig-ysog,
ysog;
lid
mig-pdg
C. W.
Fable s. xt
Fabricate vb. a.
O cos-pa;
bco-lm;
lycd-pa;
bzo-lm\ to be
fabricated
grub-pa.
Face s.
ydnir,
iio\
/,
:
<t;
skye-sgo;sgo-/<>;
/>:///-.
in the of Ica-rii. Icar.
Face vb.
(to
be directed
towards)
xt<i-/>c.
Fail vb.
(to miss)
mi
Res-pa
('.; ini-
o
febs-
pa W.; (to err) Ogol-ba; (to
d\\
indie) yal-
ba.
Kaiut
adj. nyaitt*
--CHII; to
get ycon-ba.
Faint \ b. n.
brgyal-ba; /\'am-pa.
Fair
adj.
mdzes-pa;
mfsar-ba;
bzait-ba.
Faith
datLpa,
Faithful
dad-pa
;
ydeiis-pa
;
slu-med
;
gyo-
sqyu-med.
V a I c h i o n
gri-gitg.
Falcon kra.
Fall vb.
<jril-l>a\ <jin>l-ba;
Ifn/t-ba;
O
bab-
j>/r,
to
-
in
drops <//</-/></:
to off
O
bi/i-
ba;
to to
pieces jiy-pa;
</ril-ba
}\\;
to
-
upon JbuAs-po.
Fall s. ltuit-b(t.
l-'allow
i/a/t-/><t.
False mi
bdt'it-pti;
rtl:ux-iiin:
yyn-tan;
charge kti-yuij; xiiyml; conceptioii
b,'-us-
pa;
selitinient liti-ln<l. lo<l-lta.
Falsehood
dkyus\
lea-sob;
r<l:t( >i.
Fame
yrags-pa.
Family brgyuti; ydu/i;
bu-snu'nl:
)':<s-tnad;
rabs\
rig&-brgy>id:
///>.
Exactly - Family 629
E-';I\ctly ,('Qw'lII; r<'lN; - thl\t dl'-/M 2l'!I:.
EXlllo';gcl'ttte SfJI'Q-edogs-pa
Exult "jI'O-el{QI'p-pa,
E xIII t,·il ei'ugs-pa.
Ex 1\111 i lilt tJOD brtag.-Jp!Jad,
E II In i lie "IQlj-JJII; dp!jQI.l-pa; rziY-l'"; Md-
/Hi.
x1\ III PIe Ill'/': Jz-,r-brj,ld.
Ex" II \' nte )'OOli- II; WI'Y-Ixi.
1':X"allitiOll sbuf/': iOli,
I';x('ellcllce Cf'-bu.
Ex rc 11 Cll tl"!I!Jul 00: ryall-par-elm: ref'S-
1m; ';Ull-(s6,Qs; JJllf!,'-pa,
I': xcell t prep. lila ylogs-purj tllili, 1II11i' Jill''.
Exchangc 1'. ('If.:'io) pill',
Excite slol'-bu. dA"lJfj-/JiI.
Exclaim eboo.l-pa.
Exclusil'ely fQw1la.
Excrement rk,/lIg-pa; "tay-pa; dl'i-IIl<'l.
lba-bu; 11111::1'1'-['(1: ed::r"-IK1.
l,al'l edl'bs-pl'; 1miml-111l; d7lloJ-
I'" /JfJI'-Ua,
8p,ljOJ-lum - of
religion <:Q8-3[1yod.
Exercise "b, a. sU!JfJli-b/l; hlf/-tlf lt7i-pu.
I';xel't one'l' ebUll-pU.
E-,;crtion ixul-pa; bl'(Jioll-I'(1j (/OIl-)'IIyt.:r;
dJ.:a-ba
Exhau"ted nyu/IIs-(ay-paj to bo - (ron-
slIllIed) etl::ad-pa: zil'l-pa; (tired) elf/ld-
pa; ital- (ud-ptr, (/IIi-ecutl-llU
Ex 110 rt J,tl-UIt; sJ.:ul-"uf/ U!fl'I'-P/I: bsh,{,-
br,u b!Jed-p«, or StO'I-JiU. Ill' bt/II,-f)/l.
Ex 10l'tntlon bd,t/-{Jff. bs/..'UI-lIIl1:
ytmn; /UI;, bslali-b!JII; fal'(>\\'('11
- ta-Ums.
Exil<, \·b. a. Y'laB-lla. tlgal'-ba.
Exist d, edllg-pa: !fOd-,m; M'lJt-IJll.
E:ti"tcJl,'c sJ.:!Jl'"bn;
Exorcise l/m"-/u edO!Js-pa.
kWii; /..'u-:tli.
Expoct 8!1u9iffl.
x [ICd i c n t n.dj. ,',all-ed<)lp -lffl, ,lan-(oy'-
l'Im; t'lfJll-pl' !fJ8j dOIf-byed-1IlUl1)a
lhllel shoo-I'"; ,Jil-ba; edOIl-pa; sJl,ljll!J-
1)11.; ebud-jlll; ::/ll<j-I'«'
Ex [lcnd sJ.:!II1f/-pa.
Ex llcn d i tu re. Ex [,onse <f"'Qw'!JO; sk!Joy-
l'u, d!lUf/'lllJO.
Ex pcnsi \·c !Ius-po
EXll(lrienec "b,:1, myOlj-bll, nyam,-slI
myoi/-ultj v. alsu lSbyoti-bu.
Expel icnce s. alom,
E:q,cricllced (skille,l) mJ.'lIa-plI.
Expiation •.
Expire ed«-/xt.
EXIlIl\iu e'll'el-b«, o!Jrol-b«; ito
e((I.(/-pl/; ·Mud_p«.
Explanation f,rr/u-'JlI·Od.
Exploit A'yoga.
EXI,rcssly'&d-du.
Exqui sit e mi:oy-llt bt..-l'lIb; kYlUl1xu' JIIIY'-
p".
Extend ,1..·yoti-ba;l.t81wl'-bu,
Extension lyolI; !lU.
l'9!1(18-paj !Juns-p«.
Extent "'fJYIt, 'Y!f/.I.-f!Joll, I"!J.'Jlt-bl<;
(,,·teli 158.
Exteriol' s. I"IIUIll_PII: clI-b.,!ud 152.
Extcrnnillyii. \'. hli 1JI 3m; - nppcllr-
nnee l!u-b!Jad, /;Yi-,-ol.
Extinct. to beeomc - ;rud-pll: ii-lx,.
EXliugllillh )'MXI-pa. e
Extra ief"
Extract "b.H. u/..,t-bUj ebyill-IHI; "d()lI-P(I.
ExtTllction "[p.
Extremity (end) 7II(u--1/I«, ;:UI'.
Eye F. mig, r('IlII.'Pyull; - brow 31J1;,1-1111l:
- l'd::i-1lla: 1/Ii91'$09, l.IJ!!Jflll-
)'Img; - lid m(lf-pdf! C W.
F
r"blc s. Sf/ru,'s.
Fll.hricatt· vb. n. efOlJ-P«; bea-b/l; b,'Jl'Il-paj
bzo-b«; to hc fabricated !JI'ub.pll
Face s, r(10"; NO; {'II; d'!Jt-8f16; I/VQ'/O; li::ill;
in the - of lill-ro. !lal',
Face "b. (to he dirl"ctecl sUm-p",
"II. (to miss) mi 1ll'81JU ('.j. mi-efibs-
pll W.; (to el'l') e!}Ql-b/l; (tu ,lwlllcUc) !Jlll-
b".
Faint adj. "!Janu,clIlI; io get _ F
l
0,j_ba.
FilLut \·b. u, bJ"fI!lfd-ba; erlill/-P«.
Fair adj, wu./;:cs-flu; lII(,ul'-ba; b;:II,i-lm.
Fai til dad-pli.
Flli til fu I dad-JXl; ydelis-pII; llu-mM; fI,lJQw
'"YU'11It'd. ...
F:l.lehiou 9/,j-gug.
Falcon A,l,.a.
Ie Itll ,'h. dJl·j[.bu; ",IJ.lJel-f,u; ltwi-ba: JXlb-
pfl; to - in efif,.,m; to - olT eb'Ji-
ba; to - to Jig-I'll: ",I/I·jl-lxl
to upon
FnIl s. itljJi-tl,
FAllow .IJall-JlII.
1·'ldse m; bdm-pll: I'fl::lls-fI((\; yyo-rw,;
dUll'ge ','/I-!JOljj 311Yfld: c"nc"I'tiou lx"ol>-
lJaj - SCllliml.'IlL {tu-My,log-ita.
Fl\lselJood d/..'!Ju,; fll.J6b; rll=l.m.
Fame f/l'ag3-p'I.
F,\lu iI y bl'9!1ud; tdw;; f,u'-lIIad; yzi.f..mad;
rflh: nt3.
630
Famine
Firm
Famine
mu-ge.
Famous
grays-can.
Fan
s.
rna-ydb.
Fan
vb. a.
Jirab-pa;
v.
yob-mo.
Fancy
vb. a.
sgom-pa;
dmiys-pa; sems-pa;
vb. n. mno-ba.
Fancy
s.
dmigs-pa;
sems-kyi
snan-ba.
Fang
tfron; mce-ba,
mce-so.
Far
rgyaii-rin-po,
rgyaiis
107; (fag-}rin-ba;
mi
nye-ba;
as as
bar-du, kad-du;
-
famed
syra-ce;
from Ita ci smos
215.
Farewell
v.ga-leQ4;
to
say
-
\.pyi-pyag,
sub
pyag.
Farm
s
gron-bzis;
-
steward
ynyer-pa
194.
Farmer
Kyim-pa-pa;
ziii-pa
475.
Farsightedness
mig-rgydh
414.
Farther
par.
Fashion s.
cos; lugs.
Fast
adj. mgyoys-pa; myur-ba.
Fast vb. n.
smyun-ba; dge-ba
srun-ba.
Fasten
sdom-pa; cgrogs-pa;
dogs-pa; sgril-
ba; sbyor-ba;
sbrel-ba.
Fasting
s.
bsnyen-ynas,
smyun-ynas.
Fat
adj. rgyas-pa;
fso~ba; t'son-po.
Fat s.
fsil;
melted
fsil-tiu; zay.
Fatal
byur-gyi; nyen-can;
ma-ruii-ba;
srog-len, srog- prog.
Fate
skal-ba,
las-bskos v. sko-ba
24;
bsod-
pa;
dban-fdn',
cf. also
lan-cags
and las-
Opro.
Father
pa, resp yab\
-
in law
gyos-po',
skud-po.
Fathom s.
Odoms-pa.
Fatigue
s.
nal, resp. ^o-bryyal.
Fatigue
vb. a. nal
J/uy-pa;
to be
fatigued
nal-ba, resp.
sku-nal-ba, fugs
nal-ba.
Fault
skyon; nons-pa; O
fsa/t.
Faulty skyon-can.
Favour s.
bka-drin;
v.
ynaa-ba
\\ 801).
Favourable
mfun-pa;
--
circumstance
mfun-rkyen.
Favourite s.
snyih-sdug; sduy-pa.
Fear s.
jigs-pa, jigs-skrag, jigs-ri; bag-
fsa
(-ba~).
Fear vb.
jigs-pa; d/taii-ba; dogs pa.
Fearless
jigs-med\ bag-med.
Feast s.
dya-ston\ mgron;
ston-mo.
Feather
spu\ quill sgro.
Fee s.
gla; rnan-pa; bag-sis.
Feeble
kyar-kyor; kyor; nya-ra-nyo-re.
Feed
stob-pa\ snyod-pa\ ^or-baW.; O fso-ba,
yso-ba.
Feel
reg-pa, fsor-ba;
to cold
Jtyags-pa.
Feeling
s.
rey-bya.
Feign
vb. n.
bcos-pa 148;
v.
lugs byed-pa
(lugs
no.
2, 548);
fsul-du
byed-pa (fsul
no.
1, 450).
Fellow
grogs; ya-do W.;
labourer las-
grogs] lodger Qdug-grogs, bran-grogs,
resp. bzugs-grogs;
traveller
Felt s.
pyin-pa.
Female mo.
Fen
Odum; gram-pa.
Fence s.
fco-ra;
skyor-ba;
ta-ber
W.;
pu-
su;
ra-ba.
Ferment v\).
tfol-ba; s.zo-riW.4T&;ru-ma.
Fern
skyes-ma.
Ferocious
nar-po.
Ferry
s.
gru;
rdziits,
yzi/ls.
Ferry-man gru-pa; cu-jyag-pa; mnyan-
pa.
Festival dus-cen.
Fetter vb. a.
sbrel-ba; Ji'yig-pa; O
cin-ba.
Fetters s.
sgrogs; Icags, Icags-sgrog;
bcii'ts-
pa.
Fever
fsad-pai
nad
C.; fsan-zug
W.
Few
nyuh-im;
a few
Oga, Oga
tsam;
nyun-
riu
zig~, cig 140;
la-Id C.
Fib s.
sob,
ysob.
Fibre
ryyus-pa.
Fickle
gyi-na; ya-ma-brla;
O
yyur-ldog;
skad
ycig kyan
mi
fsuys-pa.
Fickleness
Ogyur-ldoy, ldog-
Q
gyur.
Fictitious
bcos-pa ; dmigs-pa-nas bzos-pa.
Fidget
vb.
Opar-ba.
Field
ziit; /duns;
-
terrace dan-tse W.
Fife
glin-bu.
Fifth
Ina-pa;
fifteen
bco-lna;
fifteenth bco-
Ina-pa; fifty liia-bcu;
fiftieth
l/ta-bcu-pa.
Fight
s.
Q
fab-mo.
Fight \\).i\.gyed-pa; rgol-ba; Qfab-pa;
fab-
mo
byed-pa;
vb. n.
Krug-pa; Qyran-pa;
rgol-ba; rtsod-pa; O
dzin-ba.
Figure
s.
dki/il-Kor; skye-yzuys; Hod-pa;
rnam-
gyur; dbyibs; yzugs;
bzo, zo;
ri-
mo;
ris.
Figured (variegated)
ci-tra W.
File s.
(tool) Uags-bdar;
sed.
File vb.
(to string) ryyud-pa;
star-ba.
Fill vb.
tfyab-pa; Oyeiis-pa.
Filter s.
fsag-ma;
vb. a
Ofsag-pa.
Filth
dri-ma;
rni-ytsa/t-ba
433; grib.
Find
tob-pa; rnyed-pa; ttug-pa.
Fine
adj. (beautiful) mdzes-pa; sdug-pa;
mfsar-ba; (not coarse) zib-pa; lag-mo
W.;
(thin; srab-pa.
Fine s.
(penalty) ryyal,
stoii.
Finger ser-mo, sor-mo, resp. i>yag-s<'ir;
mdzub-mo, mdzuy-yu; ring ser-ydub,
sor-ydub.
Finish vb.
sgrub-pa;
to be finished
Ogrub-
pa;
tsar-ba; rdzogs-pa; Odzad-pa;zin-pa.
Fir
fan-sin; som, ysom,
som-siii.
Fire s.
me;
brand
gal-me; fly ^.od-pro-
Jbu W.;
place
fab,
me
-fab; tongs
me-len.
Firm
(solid) mKran; mfcregs-pa;
sra-ba;
(trodden) cay
-can
167; (tight) faii-po,
dam-po; (sure) btsan; nes-pa; (steady)
v.
fsuys-pa.
630
Famine - Firm
Famine mu-pe.
FilmII US gr//f/s..(Ull.
Fall s. rt'u.ydb.
Fall vh. a. ,/trab-pu; v. ,!I<l/;1/I0.
)<'l\lIcy "II. a.lJfjQm-pa; JIIllYS-PU; Mms-pa;
vb. n. JIllw-ba.
r'nllC")' s. dmiflS-pl'; 81l1Ili-ba.
Fang tll&-hl'> met·SQ. '.
For I'!lYl.lIi.l'ili-ptl, rg.IJU"s 101;
'IIIi lIye-OO; llR - ,IS bur-du, kaJ-du; -
famed 891'/1·01; - from lUI Ci 8m?"
Farrwell v.,qu-leG4i tosny- \"!'!P1!yug,
sub }yug.
F nrrn S !/,'O,i.b±is; - stewfll'u myer-pa 1!1I.
Funnel' Ilflim-f<.l-ptl; ;;;';-pll 475,
}'al"sightedneSl; mig-rg1Jdn -111·
Fa/,ther par.
Fnshioll s. lUffS.
FllSt adj. lII!JY0'JS-pa; mgur..Q/I.
Fa,;{ \'b. n. slIlyu".ba; dge-ba srwi-ba.
FIlsteD Miom.pa; <!lMf/&-pu;odQgs-pu; By/it-
00; sb!Jo-r-bu; sbrel-ba.
Fasting s. bWyf'lI-pUlS, smywi_yllat>.
Fat adj. (sOil""])/).
Fnt s. Ml; ml'1ted - fsil_fa; zag.
Falul btJUr-!fl.ft; 1Iyett-Ctl1l; ma_rUt;_ba;
r.t'og-lnl, frQfj-07I1YJg.
Fate skal-ba, 1as-bskQ8 v. sJ."(>-ba 2-1; bsod-
pa; dba,i-(an; d. !Ibn 1an-ootp andias-
oliro.
FntLer fa, resp 'yah; - in law yyos-PQ;
d:ud-po.
Fathom s. odoms-pa.
Fatigue ,ial, _()-brg!lnl.
Fatigue \·b.!I. •ial oJIIY'pa; tn be
••al-bu, I'esp. s1.:u-,ia1-ba, fugs nal·bu..
Fault sf.yon;
Fault)· skyon-hs.n.
Favour .. bAa-drill; \". yna,i-lm JI :\O'J.
Favourahle m(un-pa; -
mfun..,.kybl.
Favourite sl/,lji,i-wilg; sdug-p«.
FeAr s. Jigs-pa, Jigs-e{'rag, ,Jif/Is-ri: bay-
t'Ba(-ba).
Fear vb. Jiyt-pa; d,;wi-ba; dogspa.
}'earless ,Jiys-med; bog-mro.
Feast s. d.,/a-stolt; m!JI'on: swn-mo.
Feather spu; quill - sgl'<J.
Fee s. gla; /"I.'ull-pa; buq-Sis.
Feeble ..J.y6r; J..-y6,.; 1Iyu-ra-llqo-re.
Feed slob-pa; snyod_pu; W; 0(jj()-bu
1
fjj()-ba.
Feell'eg-pa, (Sf)t'-ba; to - c(,ld lyllgs-pa.
}'eeling s. re.'l-bgu. 0
Fekn I·b. n. bros-pa 148; v. la."s byed-pa
(lugs no. 2, (18); (ml--du b!f!lt-pu «(salilo.
1,450).
Fellow g'YJySj !la·do IV.; - luloourer lus-
grogs; - lOdger odug-grogs, b"o,i-fft'ogs,
resp. bZufjs-gl"Ofls; trm-g1j r
Felt s. rJ!Jin-pa.
Female 1nQ.
Fen odum; grum-pa.
Ff'nce s. £o-I'a; s1.:YOl·.bu; 11'.; pa-
.ia; ra-ba.
Ferment vb.J,'ol-ba: s.zo-n:Il".478: ,·u-ma.
Fern 3l:!lcs-ma.
Ferocious "ar-po.
Ferry s. flru; rozi,.,s, [zi"s.
Ferry-man gru-l'U; cu-nll/g-pa; mll!lall-
pa.. ,"
Fe,;tI \'al Jus-cm.
Fettei' vlJ. t\. wl"el-ba; o'Ei;,.ba.
Fette rs s. SjJrOfjs; lcag3, U:ags-8f!I'O!J; bd,;s-
po.
Fover (sad-pai mid C.; (san-::uf/
Fe II" npUli-,iu; 0. f"w o!1f1, ofIa tsill"; lIyU/i-
"a zIg; Ng HO; 1t/-M C.
Fib $. !Job, fAob.
Fibre '/'Y}fUs-pu.
Fickle gf/i-lIa; o!Iyu/'-ldOfj:
skad )'I:/!J A.yo,; 1IIi (sllgs-[XI'
Fiek Ie II e $ S o!1!JUf-ldog, ldoy -o!I!!ll1'.
Fi cti t i 0u s bros-pa; dmigs-pa-n(,J!j b;:.Q3"pa.
F!dget vb. 011Ul·-ba.
Field til,; Alu,itSj - terrace W.
Fife !Jlin.-bll.
l i fth Uta-pa; fiftC(lli 6ro-1,ia; fiftf'clIth bi:o-
l,ia-pa; fif_)" l"a-bi:u; fiftieth l,ia-bi:u-pa.
light s. Jab-mo.
Fi gh t vb. 11. fJ.IJOO-pu; rgo1-lm; ofa6-1'u;/II6-
111(J byed-pu; \'b. ll • .,K17J.f/-pa; off"an-pa;
J"!J0I-lm; lWJd.-pa; ol/::;;'-b/l.
Figure JJ.·.'fil-K-or; skye-pugs; bAod-plI;
rnafJI-ofj!Jur: tlbllilA; YZUf!"; 6zo, ::0: ri-
l/HI' ril'..
Figu'reJ (nuicgatcd) w:
File s. (trlol) leags-Ma,.; sed.
File vb. (to string) fg!Jud-pu; sfal"-ba.
Fill vb. l!!Jab-p4; o!Je,is·pa.
Filter s. (sag-rna; vb. a o(8at,J-l/(J.
Fi Ith tlri-mu; lIli-yuati-6a 4:);1; grib.
Find tob-pu; rII!Jed-p"; Cwg-pa.
Fine adj. (bellutifur) mdus-pa; sduy-pa:
1II(ear-OO: (uot coal'se) ii6-pa: lug-lIw 11'.;
(thin) sra6-pa.
Fine s. (penulty) '1"!J!Jal, sto,i.
Finger set-mo. scr-mo, .. ,:yag-sl;";
1Ild::ub-1Il0,l1ulzU9-[fU; - I'iug ser-ytlub,
sc,·.ydub.
Finish \·b SlJ"ub-pa; to be fiuiolwd o!Jrub-
pa; (sar-ba; rJZfJfJ8-pa; odzad-pa; ::ill-pa.
Fit Btlili. )10711,
Fire s.me; - bmn.l gal-Ill;; - fly
oltu W.; - place fab, me-tab; - tOlll;,;
..Un>
l:inn (solid) lIIl'"rali; sra-bu;
(trodden) cag_c//ll hl7; (tight) fali-po,
dam-po; (sure) (steltdy) ".
t'B/l{If"pa.
Finn I-'.. 1 1
Firmiie<-
(ill' mind) snif//'t-ri>a.
Fir>t
i/n//-/>'>:
tint-nut; iini'i-iini:
born
iinjo-bn: .S//I///-N/-//I.S: part
.sW
-_>j;;;
adv
lir-t) iii;/i>-niti
\\'.:
.s//f/-.siJ/
-
, s/id-i/ii/'t
;
K/'mr:
)-i-/'</-fii: fng-ninr.
V i r>l I' mils
//W
Fir>t 1
y tltn'i-fior.
I'i
-
h 8.
////</:
In -nc
ni/d-iird.
Fish vli.
////(/ r//titt-/xt:
mid )'*<>/
ha.
Fishing-Hook ///<*/-/><(.
Fishing-nel
V\ 88U IT
Fodder .
l''ue
i/i/fn,
i and
Fit vh. a. \.
x</,-/
: /-/i<i
i-ju;
to out
som-pa
;
to In-
.f(nl-i>n\
rii/'i-ba.
V\\ i-
//ia.
Fix vli. a.
^/od-pa; sbyor-ba\
a time */i>/.s
byed-pa.
Flabby
kyom.
Flag
8. '/a/
1
; stafV
i/tir-jm-ct'.
Flageolet gl!ii-bu
Fla me s.
//r, int'-lce.
I
1
'
Ian n el fcr-ma.
Flap
s.
<jros
s^ra'6.
!'! ash v!>.
Kyug-pa.
Flat
adj. leb-mo;
mnyam-pa.
Flat t en vh. a.
(jlfb-fxi.
Flatter
sto</-/nr;
i(>l-li-<> l>t<n't-ba W.
Flatterer o stod-lcan.
Flattery ycam-bu.
Flatulence
jfo/m; ^.og-rluii.
V 1 a v o u r s. bro-ba
;
ro.
Flaw s. ,so-/v
;
W
7
.
Flea
fcyi-sig;
c
ji-ba.
Flee
Obros-pa.
Fleece s.
oal-rgydb.
Flesh
sa;
tlv ba-sbrdA.
flexible
kyom; mnyen-pa.
Fling
vb.
rgyab-pa', rgyag-pa
('.;
dbyug-
pa 6'.;
Open-pa\ skyur-ba\ Jbor-ba.
Flint
lcag-rdo\ Icags-mag.
Float vh. n. l<liii-ba.
Flock s.
tiyu, Kyu-bo.
?log Icag-gis )'zu-ba,
v. also skar-ba.
Flood s.
cu-log.
I I no
i s.
yzi-ma\ (bottom)
mfil
240;
sen
W.:
'an- </(/i-
(
'.:
Around
^.og-Ldii.
Flo ur s.
pye\
zib.
Flourish vb.
bde-ba\
O
fcii-ba.
Flourish s.
(in writing)
ri-mo
kija<j-kyog.
Flow vb.
Obab-j><i\
s.
rgyun
112.
Flower s.
nii'-toy:
bed
rka\
garden
sduw-ni.
Fluid s. ku-ba.
Flute
prt'd-iiliii.
Flutter s.
Krag-Krug
41).
Fly
vb.
O pur-ba',
to
-
up /iai--/><i
;\;\.
Fly
s. sbran-ma.
Foal
rteu\
of an ass
>iit-ni.
Foam s.
Ibu-ba,
dbu-ba,
l''old s.
(plait
')
lt<il>-in<i :
|ii-ii
llt*-nni.
l''old vh. a.
(to plait
/
Ituli
-
/m
\ (\>,
i
dgar-ba,
l''ollow
o
brnii-lm.
//>-*//
r
yr-l,<i
\
y<:od-pa.
l'"ol lower />x/itH- dzin.
l
;
ollo\vi
iiii
i>U<(*)-, ]>!li>'
I, ti: '/''.
l
(
'ond,
to be
-
of... /a
cags-pa, zen-//.
Fondness Icri ha
;
zen-Kris,
zen-cags-pa.
Fontanel
klad-sgo; mfsoys-ma; O faiii*-i><ii
l>n-ga.
Food 2.s,
iesp. zai-zds,
bzes-pa',
bsos: ka-
zA\ :-/>a,
za-ma\
Ito;
of animals h:<m.
Fool s.
c/len-pa'j blun-pa, blun-po.
Foolish
glen-pa\ blun-pa\
blo-med.
Foot r/cati
pa, resp.
zabs;
bridge
dem-
tsi Lh
;
-
path
rkan-Lanr.
,,/'-/
v//J, lam-
Opra/i\
race
ban;
ring rkan-ydub\
-
soldior rkati-
fan-pa;
-
->\ rl.-ni,-
stegs;
of a hill
rtoa-ba]
on foot i-kni<-
fan-du or la.
Footprint, Footstep rkan-ijes.
For
don-du\
v.
pyogs 352;
-
forty days
zag
bzi-bcui
bar-du,
zag
bzi-bcu
fug
W.
Forbear vb. a.
^yod-mi
rmo-ba
98.
1
'
> r b i d
Ogegs-pa*',
nii
ynati-ba.
Force s.
mfu;
dbait\
itur-ba;
sed-dbdn W.
Force vb. dban-med-du
O col-ba\
v. al>o
nan-gyis', sed-Kyer-nag-pos
W.
Ford vb
rgal-ba.
Fore,
arm
lag-ndr] finger mdzub-nio;
-
part,
side
-/'tar, Ka,
mdun nos.
Foregoing snon-gro;
s/ta-ma.
Forehead
fod-pa', dpral-ba.
Foreign yan-pa \yzan-ma\pyii\ country
byes.
Forenoon
sna-fog\
sna-dro.
Foreskin
sgo
-
pur ;
mdun
-
Ipags
,
O
dom-
Ipags.
Forest
nags (-ma),
nags-yseb\ nags
-f
sal,
nags-fcro<
/ : /><//.
Forget rjed-pa
;
yi-ycod-pa, resp. fugs yyel-
ba W.
Forgive
vb. a.
(not resenting) bzoil-fxi
l;i>:
(to
leave
unpunished) Ogyod-tni
rnm-lm :
(to efface)
sel-ba\
(to
\vash
away) da</-]i<t.
Fork />
:
<t-l->l(/:
*a- dzin.
Form s.
(mould) jxrr, (figure)
dbyibt$ymigf\
cas;
graiamatieal fcig.
Form vb a.
skycd-^i.
Former
adj. go/t,
I/O/I-//HI;
s/'ton-^/ro;
d<i//-
po\
--
part
stod;
time */Jo//-/W.
Fo r m e r I
y
.sv/a-a/</.
s/ia-tio/t,
x
x/'t<tr: .s//on.
F o r n i e a t e <-<tl-l>u : v.
yyem-pa.
'
Forsake
N/V/M
r-ba
;
Jbor-ba
;
yton-ba.
Fort mKar.
- Fort
Fi f JIl II (' ("f llIi lid) 3II.'!i,i-I·,i,.
F i dl/l' _/>(': '';11.''''': IIIYO· 11m: bOlrr,
I/Iff,.vll: s,;QII-d'!Jc,: - I'urt a/(J(I 2'2:1: :ull·
(n I fi "'!JI'.IIIfj 11'.: ,,'......Il!I·, 51;1'.yO';;
',;/11': )'cig.tIl; (OY-III1I1·.
]H.ld
I"ir"tly dWi_pl)l·.
"!lII: - hflne uya.griJ.
I'l,. ",1111 ,·';ou·t": 1I!J" pm' 00.
mdi-po.
10' i Ii i n g-Il e t 1I.'1II-rgy(/., n,,/a· d<i/.
I-'i",,"r(' 'I',·-k...
1-'; t
Fit ,,0.1I. \".IfJ,·iy"j)j1 to - Ollt 301ll-pa:
to U(' o(mj-pa: I'III.-ba.
Fi \. e Ma.
Fix "0.11. ,900-1'11; sb!jQI'-ba: - tl tilllC (flUl
b!Jffl-l,a.
Flabl'r 1..:1j<J/}/.
Flag da,'; - !lar-p().U
FI:q.;colC'1 yli,i.vll
So {tI', "lI'-li:l'.
FI;lnucl (I'I'·I/Ia.
flap s. glJ'
FI'lsll \'1..0. k!/lig-pll.
FIliI IIdj. lrb'1Il0: IIIIIJIII/I·pa.
Flntlcll \L. n. gkb-pa.
FiniteI' 81OO-pa.; mol-li:1' b/w,.va IV.
1"lnttcfcr ';0 StOO-I.'IIII.
Flatter)' )'cam.vu.
Flalulen('c /1JCll:
Flavour s. b,·().ba: "0.
FI a II ... IV. '
[0'1('11 I.'IJi-M!J; Ji.ba.
:F I ec
Fleece s. bul-ry!Jub
Fles" - l1y sa-wrd,i.
Flexiulc k!J0/}/: m1l!J'!'ll-"pa.
FI in l':", vL. _f',(I!Jab-pll; I'f/!Jag-pa ('.: db!Jug..
pa C.; o]/ffl·pa: sl,'I'/'-.[,u; ixw-ba.
Flint li:ag.rOO; lCag's-mUf/.
Flont vb. n. uh"ri·ba.
Floc k s. J..'!Ju. l..'1u-oo.
Flog Ica9":jJi. j'Zu-ba, v. IIbo skllr-ba.
Flood s. cU-[()(J.
Floor s. r-!:i.ma: (bottom) 1IIfil210: Am w.:
'all-otlar C.; !l:roulld -
Flo III· s. !:ib.
I>'lo.urish vb. bJe-ba:
t:lourisl, s. (in writing) r;"mo
I: low \'1..0. obab-]lll; s. '·gHlm llZ.
I- lower s. lilt-loti: - uM ,·I..·a; - gllflhm
&dulII-ra.
Fluid s. J..'u-ba.
Flute lw(i-'Iliii.
F Illt tcr s. £-,·U9·£,1/9 0.
1"ly \·L. 9
P
'lIr.oo; 10 - up ol:al'-ba
1" IYs. SUl'aJi ..ma.
Fonl rleu: - of un a£;S g"-I"/1'I.
FOllm s. lhu-ba, d/m-ba.· ,.
Foll.I,·r l'. 'f'Jg.
I·'oe "!/I'/I, d9/'1i--bo; I\n1l,1O.
Fog 1.... 1/9·/'11(1: "/I-blill; 1'1Il1/,'P"p".
F"ld s. (pl:tit) lIab·fJ/II; (I",n) Ula....,Ia.
Fold vb. It. (In plnit) Illlb-lJa; (Ill pl'n)
tlglll·_bfl.
Fullo"," obrun-im. rylS-SU ,gro-ba;yrod"l'a.
Fullower Nlall"od;:in.
j'yi(.),];!/i,.l, 2: odi.
1"01111, to he - of ... la caffS-pa, ::eJl-pa.
Fon 11 ness fl'1' 00; J:nl-Kris,
F on III n I' I
b"-ga.
Foo.1 tllS. rt'sp. zul-::ds, bZN-pa; bW.: ka-
ZU5; za-lJfl. za·m(l: lto; - lIf anillUlIs kflll.
Fool s_ !litm.pa: bill/I-pIt, U,m..po.
!Jlnt.pa: bltlll-pa; boo-mid.
FOOl d:wi I)a, rehp. - "ridge dim-
t3i }jl; - path rJ.:a,i.larn; olJl'a,i, lam-
olirari; - nlCC ba,i; - ring rkwi-ttlllf.,;
soldif'r rkIlJi.fmi.pa; - ,·ka,i.
sfe:;s: - of 0. hill I't8U.OO; on foot rkari_
{wi·tlll Of hi.
Footprint, 1"00tiltf'1' rkmi-tjes.
1"01' (ioll.(lu; v. li!JO!J' M:?; - forty !JlI)'S
zuy f,'t:i-b'ttli bar-dll. !:a!l b!:i-iJtll (119 IV.
Forucnr vb. a. o!J!jQd-mi /'IJIo.vu 9f\.
Foruid 09Cf/s..pa; mi)'tIUI'-ba.
Force s. mfu; dlxlti; /i«l-.oo; sl'fl-dbd'; IV.
Force vb. dbaii-mcd.. du oCoI .. baj \.. abo
lIan-gyu;; sNi-I(!jeI'''''Iwg-"[KJ8 IV.
F" I'd \b fgal.oo.
1<'ore, - al'ln lag-liar; - fingl'r nulzltb-lIwj
- part, - side "m·, fa, mdUII ';08.
[0' 0 regoi n s,io'I-9ro: 8/ia-ma.
Forehead fod_pa; dpl'al-lJa.
Fore ign !lan·pa; yJ:an-ma; li!Jii; - country
h!l<'8.
Forenoon 51,a-('ig: S';o..(/''Q.
Foreskin SYO-plfl'; IIIdun./pa!f5, i1ol/l.
Ipa!f5.
ForeH nays(.1IIa), flags-tub; flags-fllal.
1Iags-lll'od:
F0 rJ,tet rjed-Jla: !/i-tiotl-pa, (u!,. tyll-
ita IV.
I>' 0 r g i \. C vb, fl. (llot reiJ('lIting) hz(}(l-lX1 4!k>:
(to lelwe ulIllUni<hed) o,q!J<'ll-m; ""W-oo:
(to cfface) Sf -hft; (to wnsh MI·I\,,) dug.plt.
Fork l!a·brl'Y: Aa·od:in.
For III (moul!l) (flgnfe)
(as: grnuunnticnl - 6ny.
10' orw \.1> I\. M:.,ro.J>a.
Fortncr adj. go';, Y(H'-/IIlt: 8,ion-ofIro: dat'-
1"" jmrt dl"i/l: - tilDe sJio'H'Ql.
Fo f 1I1 (' I' )" 5lia-i:1Ul, s,ift"flO';' ",;«'&u·: 8tim.,
Sitill': S"OII,
1" 0 r ni C fl tc ocal-ha; v_}ytt/l.-]Ift.
FOfuiClItor J,il-pfl.
1" 0 r"n ke d·!I'u-!m: J)()r-ba: rlo';-OO.

632
Forte
(in
music) rtsub-po.
Forth
sof/s: par; yas.
Fortress rdzoii(s).
Fortune
(lot) pya;
(wealth) Ka-)je C.\
good
-
bkra-sis; iz\\Qvpya-mKan;
han-
snags-mKan.
Forward
vb.
Jcal-ba,
Found
vb.
O god-pa;
rgyag-pa;
Odebs-pa;
Odzugs-pa.
Found ationrraara;
of a house mfil
;kan-
rtsd.
Fountain
cu-mig.
Four
bzi;
fourth
bzi-pa;
fourteen
cu-bzi;
fourteenth
cu-bzi-pa;
forty
bzi-bcu;
for-
tieth
bzi-bcu-pa.
Fourfooted
rkan-bzi-pa
.
Fowl
bya;
domestic
Kyim-bya.
Fowler
bya-pa.
Fox
wa;
coloured
/cam-pa.
Fragile
fcrol-mo W.
Fragment cag-Krum, cag-dum;
(y)sil-bu.
Fragrance
nad.
Frail,
to
get rgud-pa.
Frame s.
m;
vb. a.
^god-pa
95.
Frankincense
bdug-pa, yu-gul.
Fraud
no-lkog; zog, zol-zog.
Free
adj. yan-pa;
far
-pa;
to become
-
Ogrol-ba;
far-ba;
to set far-du
jug-pu',
Jbud-pa.
Freeze
Kyags-pa; pyid-pa.
Freight
s. Kal.
Frenzy Jlrul-pa.
Fresh
ysar-ba, ysar-po',
so-maW.',
but-
ter
skya-mdr
W.
Friday yza-pa(-wa)-sam.
Forte
Gentian
Friend
grogs,
rog\
no-ses, ntdza-bses,
bses-
ynyen;
mdza-bo\
zla-bo.
Friendly snyin-nye\ resp. sol-po.
Fright
s.
jigs-pa.
Frighten
skrag-pa.
Frightened
skrag-pa
;
to be
rtab-pa.
Fringes
Ka-fsar.
Frog sbal-pa.
From
nas
304;
man- cad
411;
las
546;
-
within Kon-nas 43.
Frontier sa-mfsdms.
Front-side
Ha\
nar.
Frost
tfyags-pa;
sad.
Froth
lbu-ba,
dbu-ba.
Frozen
Hyags-pa.
Fruit sin-
tog; Jbras-bu;
tree
bza-sin;
rtsi-sin.
Fry
vb.
sreg-pa, slam-pa, rhod-pa.
Fuel bud-sin.
Fulfil skon-ba\
sg'rub-pa\ Ogens-pa.
Full
gan-ba;
Item-
pa; mfon-po;
to be
--
Itams-pa; Kens-pa\
to raake
Kyab-pa.
Fully rgyas-par.
Fumigate bdug-pa.
Fun
pra-cdl; sags.
Functionary blon-po
Fundament
rtsa-ba;
rkub.
Fur-coat
slag-pa, slog-pa; ful-pa.
Furious
ytum-pa.
Furnish
(supply) syrub-pa.
Furniture
yo-bydd.
Furrow s. rka.
Further
yzan-yan, yan.
Furtherance
mfun-rkyen.
Futurity
ma
^ons-pai
dus\ pugs.
Gain vb. a
rgyal-ba, rnyed-pa, sgrub-pa.
Gain s.
skyed; Ke, Kye; Ka-rgydl, rgydl-Ka;
rnyed-pa; spogs, bogs.
Gait
bgrod.
Galaxy dgu-fsigs.
Gale rlun-dmdr
}
rlun
nag-po.
Gall s.
mlfris-pa.
Gallop
vb. n. rta
rquuq-pa.
r< IT
v
(j allows car-sin.
Game s.
(animals
of
chase) ri-dwags.
Gander
nan-pa.
Ganges gan-gd.
Gap r(jya-ser; ser-ka, ser-ga.
Gape
vb.
sgyin-ba; ydan-ba.
Garden
fsal;
fsas
W.; Idum-ra; sdum-ra;
flower ha-lo.
Garlic
sgog-pa.
Garment
gos\ cas,
resp. na-bza;
under
-
'aii-fun; upper bla-gdb, bla-gos, yzan-
gos.
Garret steii-Kan.
Gate
rgyal-sgo; sgo-mo.
Gather vb. a.
sgrug-pa; O fu-ba;
sog-pa;
vb. n.
O
fcor-ba; Ogugs-pa; ^fibs-pa.
Gatherer
fun, O
fun.
Gear s. ao-ca.
Gelding
s.
po-rtd.
General
adj. spyi
333;
fun-mon.
General
s.
dmag-dpon.
Generate
skyed-pa.
Generation
rgyal
-
brgyud; ydun
-
rabs,
robs.
Genesis
cags-rdbs.
Genitals
mfsan(-md).
Genitive case
Obrel-pa.
Gentian
tig-ta; kyi-ice.
'"
Forte - GentilUl
Forte (in mllSic) rUllb-pO.
F" r l II /lOft': Jiar: !JU3.
rd:.rJn(IJ.
ForlUnl' (101) ),yu; (wealth) la-rjlo l:::
,;ood bI:ra"'''i -teller "an-

FOf."ard l'b. ..lal.lJa.
FUlind ,·b. "god-po: tytJ09-[Hl: .d_pfc
.J:t4!P"PO'
FOil nd aii lin ""ali; -obhouse It/fi/; W·
,..;.
Fountain 'CIJ.-!J.
Four fourth b::i-pa: fourtet'D ew.h!:i:
(nurtee'nm tu.h=i-pa: (arty for-
tieth bZi-bi:a-pa.
Fourfooled rka';'..l/!;i-'"M.
Fo,,'1 by"; domestic fyim-6yu.
Fowler bya-pa.
F(I X tNI: - coloured EUIR-JXJ.
fragile frol-mo W
Fngruent ca9·I..'rlim, (Oft"dlim: (f)lil-Im.
Fro$rnnce 'tad.
lo'rllll, to gll( - "!lIM{-po..
Frome $. I..'ri; "u a. "yod.pa 95.
Fr"nkincensc Mug-pa, !lIl'YIlI.
Fuud ::09, ::ol-zOy.
Free ndj . .Vlm-po.: (ar-pa; tll
oflro!-b«: far·-!.Ja: to set - far-du oJU[l-p"i

Freeze ,hlJflS-pa; p,jid-pa.
"'night s. tal.
Frenzy Jnd-pa
Io'ruh - but-
ter &Iya-mdr W.
Friday r..a-pa(-IC'ti}-3lUi•.
G
Gain yb.• rgyal-I:XJ._
Gain akytd; tt, I"!It; fC-'9!J1U, rgydl.ic:
F'R!JftI-pa; .ptJg3, bofp.
Gait bttJYJd.
Galuy
Gale rlut;-llmdr, rimi n01/-])().
Gu.lI s. mfril-pa.
GallOlJ I'll. D. rta r!/!JU!J-pu.
Gullows car-.tin.
Game s. (nnimll.ls uf chase) ri....:1/(·/1!J3.
Gunder ,ian-pa.
Ganges you yd.
GII II r.'J!la-3Jr; st'I'-ka, sa-gao
GApe vb. 3lJyiir-lw; yda,i-Qn.
Gluden (401: ($(U 11':; /dum-rll; 3l1UIII,-"a;
- flower 1ta-bJ.
oarl i e tyog-pa.
Oarment fI03; laI. resp. na-bzu; under-
Friend 9N)(j1>, rog; Iio-kII, ",d:a--Un, Un-
ynyht; mJza·bo; zlu-OO.
Friendly lIi'liit-nyij resll.3tH-po.
"'right s J/tp-pa.
Frighten draf/-pa.
Frightened Ikrog-pa; to be - rtuh-pa.
Fringes ttJ..{llJr.
Frog Ihol-pa.
From ,uu 301i mulI-Cod 411; 1M M6j -
within A"()';-IUU -!.'l..
Frontier IlJ-IIthd_.
Front-side 1a; ';tJr.
Frost j lad.
Frol h llnt-ba,
Frozen E!JllfI'rptJ-
Fruit "iii-tOg; .brUl-bu: - he(' lr...a-Jitij
rmi...U';.
fry ,·b. • uam-ptJ. ritOd-pa.
Puel bu.d-&il1.
F uHil J.»n-ha; i .,gt';.-po..
Full !Jwi-ba; item-pili m(()n-po; LO be-
l/anl3-pa; to make - /.!yah-pa.
Full}' T!J!Ja8-pa".
Fumigate bdu!J-pa.
I"un pm-cal; liltf/'.
Funelionary b{on-po
Fundamellt r/..1a-ba; rlmb.
Fur_coat .lag-pa, W>!J-J)a: (lil-pa.
Furious ,tum-jw.
)o'urnislJ (SFP,il)'11,oub-pa.
Furniture '!1M..
,,'u rrow s. a.
u rth er ,zan1lfJIf. fIG'"
1t1(I/It-rirr.
F'u turit)' ",a .on.-ptU dla; 1*'"
'aH-(N"; upper - bla..,ah. bla-ga., rzan-
i1".
Gurret sttn-fa".
Gale "!l!Ia1-IgtJ; '1]1')-1110.
Gather \'b. a. ayru!J-JXl; .fu-w; -.J-pa;
vb. n. .J()r-ha; o!JIlf!3-paj .(ibJ-pa.
Gatherer (U,I, .(un
Uen r s. g<J-ca.
Geilling s.]fo..rta.
Genel'nl lldj.lIp!Ji33.1; (U1I-mo,;.
Genernl S. dma!J.dpdn.
Generate rl.'!Jrd-pa.
Gcocrntion r!IYul-b''!Jyild; )"(/un-,.abs.
I'abs.
Genesis
Genitnls mwn(-ma).
Genitive case .brtl-pa.
Gelltiao tig-ta; Ityi-lCi.
Great 633
Gentle
Jain-po, b<>l-/><>;
nitnn-;-it\
mo.
Gentleman
ytso-bo;
sa-kcb\
old
-,
old
-<|iiir'.
.//-//(/ /.</,
'(i-)(i-/ni/
I
'.
Gently
/w
//-<//.s;
</a-&? ^'.,
////-A
II'.
Gentry
///<///- /-/V/x.
(I I'M ni nc <Avi.s; no-rli'iif. lli<nl-iii>'il.
Geography
) nas-biad, i/nl-l>x<i<l.
( \ i in i n ate vb. n.
sky6*oa\
to cause to
-
skyed-pa,
Gesture B. A/-<Ar,
rn<nn-tjyiir\
\. also fsw^.
Get vl>. a.
/,-n<i-jnr, rtit//-/></; fob-pa; O
dzin-
I'tr; ii<nl-i>(ir <i;inr-ba;
vb. n.
Ogro-ba;
ca-
lm W.
;
to into
cud-pa- Obab-pa;
to
-
through far-ba,
bg-rod-pa;
to
up
AA///-
Aa,
l<tii-b<i,
rcsp. bkeAa-pa.
( I h n M
nii-nKt-ijin
(-/'")
: .svms-//
///</.
Ghostlike
; -zugs-med
494
;
lus-med.
Gift s.
K'yos-pa; ynuit-ba;
bya-dgd; Jbul-
ba
;
sbyin-pa
; ?/ow.
< i 1 1 (1 a<s
yton-ba, yscr-cus Jbyuy-pa.
Gills
nya-skyogs.
Gimlet so/*.
(linger sc/a, S^^M; Ica-sga.
Girdle
s.
ska-rags.
Girl
bu-ino\ yzon-nu-ma'
na-cun.
(livf
xknr-ba; ster-ba\
ynan-ba\
buL-ba
394;
Jbogs-pa\ sbyin-pq; stsol-ba;
to an
entertainment
cgyed-pa;
to
up
sf/ijur-
6a;
ycod-pa', spo/i-ba;
bios
yton-ba;
to be
given
to
skyon-ba; rten-pa.
Glacier
^ra/is, gafis-can.
Glad
adj. dga-ba', tidings ytam-snydn;
to be
dga-ba; mgu-ba;
to make *sm
^a/
cug-ce*
W.
Glass
s^, man-sel\
beads
ga-$el;
bottle sel-bum.
Gleaner
snye-fun.
Glide
Odred-pa\ Jbyid-pa.
Glistening krom-m(>,
Krol-po;
cam.
( 1 1 i
tter vb.
O
fser-ba.
Globe nY W
Globular
zlum-pa, ml-ba;
a stone rc?o-
n7.
Glorious
</rti</s-can'
Opagx-i'<i..
Glory
s.
grags-pa\ dpal, dpal-bji<'.
Glory
v b. r
lorn-pa, po-fsod cad-pa;
v .
//o-so.
Gloss
bkrag; ^od-ysdl.
Glossy
bkra-liti.
Glove
lag-subs.
Glue s.
spy
I n.
Gnash so
Krig-Krig byed-pa,
so
bdar-ba\
so
sdom-pa.
Gnaw
yzan-pa; Oca-6a,
mur-ba.
Go
Ogro-ba; Odon-ba;
ca-ba
W.;
ryyu-ba;
bgrod-pa; pyin-pa, eleg. wa-6a,
resp.^6-
pa;
to about
^v'///-/a:
to abroad
O gron-du Ogro-ba, byes-su O gro-ba;
to
-
astray J<yar-ba\
to
away Ogye-ba, resp.
bzud-pa, ysegs-pa;
to in or into
/"'. ../".'/-/"':
t out
Ofon-pa; spro-ba;
in roii MI I
t Kor-ba,
.s/o/--Aa.
Goal fsarf.
Goat
ra-wa;
wild
ra-rg6d, ra-po-&;
skyin.
Goat's hai r rat.
Goblet
skyogs.
Goblin
O
dre,
lha- dre.
God
dkon-mcog;
a
god
//ta,
a
goddess
Iha-
mo;
a tutelar
god yt-dtnti-1/n/,
Iha-st^un;
mgon-po.
Going
s.
(the
act
of) </ros.
Goitre Iba-ba.
Gold
yser.
Gong Jiar-rin'i.
Good
adj.
bzan-ba;
legs -pa; dga-bil.
rgyal-ba W.;
co\.yag-po;
to be
(ofcoins)
Ogi*ul-ba.
Good s.
(advantage)
don.
Good-bye
da ca
yin
W.
152
;
*ta-si-sig*
W.
;
v.
ga-le
C. 64.
Goods
dnos-po ;
ka-ca
; Ka-rje C.; spus ;
zo/i.
Goose
nan-pa,
nan-ma.
Gorge
s.
(ravine)
ron.
Gossip
s.
(idle talk) Ka-bsdd; rgya-ldb.
Gourd
ka-bed, ku-ba, gon W.,
cun C.
Gout dran-ndd
W.; grum-bu, gmm-ndd,
drag-grum; dreg-nod, fsigs-nad, fsigs-zvg.
Govern
sgyur-oa; rgyal-srid skyoii-ba;
dbaii
sgyur-ba.
Government
rgyal-po, rgyal-srid.
Governor
sde-pa;
bka-blon.
Grace s.
bka-drin,
fugs-rje.
Gracious
fugs-rye-can.
Gradually nan-gis; gu-le gu-le
W.
Graft s.
pe-bdn.
Grain s.
cag-tse, rdog-po,
6;"W.
Grammar
bya-ka-ra-na
372.
Grandchild
fsa-bo; daughter fsa-mo;
-
father
mes-po;
mother
ma-mo, pyi-
mo
;
son
fsa-bo, resp.
dbon-po.
Grant vb.
(bkd) ynan-ba; ^inw-pa;
stsol-
ba;
yzigs-pa.
Granulous
cag-tse-can
W.
Grape rgun, rgun-Jbi*um; cag-mo.
Grasp
vb.
^u-ba, Odzin-pa;
cf.
ycags-pa.
Grass rtswa.
Grasshopper cog-cog-pa, ca-ga-Jbu.
Grate s.
dra-pa, Icags-dra.
Grateful
dnn-yzo-can;
to be dnn
yzo-
ba.
Grater
lag-ddr,
lab-ddr.
Gratitude drin
dran-pa.
Grave s. dui'-ku/'t.
Gravel s.
gyo-mo; sag-ma.
Gravy spags; sa-rug, resp. skyu-rum.
Gray
se-bo;
light skya-bo.
Grease s.
smim-pa;
vb.
snwn-gyis skud-pa.
Greasy
snum-can;
fso-ba.
Great
$e-ba, cen-po, ryyas-pn.
40*
Gentle - Grellt 63::1
Gentle Jam-riO, olxll-I'(); ",llm-i'(m; !.9ye-
moo
Gentleman fllKJ-bo; ',I-11th; old -. old
"4]uirc, !W"!Jli IAl., '/I1(J-lllU C
G(' n tl y ,imi-!/I$; [la-Ie C, [lu-k IV.
Gentry drtuj-r;!p,
Gf'llnine dti(Jt; !i(J-,'tIltJi /lulIl-mid,
Gcogr I\ldl y )'Ilm-bifill,
ncrminntc \'b.ll, "'-'f]C-ba; lO Cftuse to-

Geslure s. brllcl; rmllJl-[l1I';"; \'. nlso ltlii.
Get \'b. ll. f'll[J-PIt; r"'Jttl-pa; lob-I'll; ,,11::in-
]111; .'1(t(I-par .,f!y",·..J)a; \'b. n. o!!,YHmj ca-
ba IV.; to - into etul-pII; oMlJ-pa; to
tbrough lar-ba, bqrod11'1; to - ul' Mali-
1m, lari-ba,
GIlUst mi-1lw-ym(_lta); sellu,.,lyid.
ohos tl i Ice )'zlItp_mid 4JH; IUB-mld.
Gift s. "A'yQ3-pa; )"IllIJi·ba; oYfl-d!Ju; "bill-
bit; .b!Jill-pa: YOIl.
Co i lit bl. flo,i-ba, ob!lUy-pll.
Gills IlYII.-M'!JO[I8.
Gimlet M/r.
Coinger 'yll, 'Yell; I<,a-.ya.
Coir,lle s.•J.:a-rdgs.
Gi r I lllHIII); fZO'I-'llt-l1l11; na-clIIi.
Give .l"r-ba; ster-lJa; )'1lan-ba; /Jl(l-ba
39-1; ,,!Jo:J.-pa; W!Ji,l-pq; .I.oi-baj to - nil
entcrtalnment "fI!jCd-pa; to - up SY!JllI'-
oa j trod-pll; '/)I),i-ba; bios rto,i-h,t; to be
Ki\'l,ln to .l:'I'.JIi-bu.; ,.ten-pII.
Glncler y"J",ga,i•..(:au.
Glnd adj, I/{la-ba; - tidillg:-; rlam-.Ill/tin;
lo be - dUa-OOj mUII-bll; to wilke - -'em
lad Cufj-i:e- W.
Ghu iel, - bends 911-';N;
hottle Jel·bNIIl.
Gleaner .nye-lllll.
Glide "drtd-pa; ob!Jid.pa,
Glistening j,'roi-po; cam.
Glitter \·b../ser-ba.
Globe ril
Globular zllwl-pa, ,-ii-OO; 1\- stone I'd(J-
Ti/.
Gloriou,; yl'Uy3--i:«n; pays-pII.
OJory s. dral, dpII/-lJ.lpir.
GI (II')' vb. 1'10/lI-pa, i'(J-lli()(l ocud-pll; v, po.,o.
GIou bh'I!I;
Glossy bkra-ba.
Glove
Glue s. 'pyill.
Gn1151, 30 l..'Joiy-/trig bfloo-pa, M/ bda"-bllj 3(J

Gnnw r::an-pa;.CII-ba, Jlmr-OO.
Go o!trQ-ba: odlllf-ba; ca-ba ly/!JU-ha;
byf(J(/-pa; I,yj/l.-pa, el{'K. mi!i-ba, re,;p.peb-
I'll: 10 - o!ll'im-pa; to nbmad
o!/"C/1l-dU o{lro-ba, bYCfJ-.lll oyt'O-lm; to -
to tlW»'1 o!J!ie-ba, reap.
btud-pa, )'.itt/.-Pll; to - In (lr ink! '414-
Ita, Jllg-Pllj to - out oIOfl.-pIl;
10 - roullIl d·o,,-ba.
GOIII
GOllt ,'a-mil; wild - /,a·,'vM, fll-PO-i'i;
.lr!li,/.
GOtlt'" hll.i r 'YII,
Goblet .hJ09s.
Goblin "d;'t, lJw-"rfre.
God dkoll-/IICO£I; god lIul, a goddess (Ita-
1/IOj n tutelal' god !ii-dmn-lllli, lJIIH"lin;
mYO"-I)I),
Go i ng s. (tile net of) ylYJt,
Goitre {OO-I.H•.
Gold )"Iler.
GooK ,)'ur-l"Iiu.
Good adj, b::IIJi-ba; ley.-po; dga-bdt Co:
rfIYal·!J1I JY.; eol.!J0frIJQ; to be -(ofcoius)
o!J"ll-ha.
Good s, (nd\'untnge) d(/1/.,
Good- byc da ca .'Jin 1V.152; ·!II_ii_iiy· IV.;
v. ua·k C. fA.
GoodSd,iQ3-po; /"YI-CII j I..
l
a_rjc C.; '1111'; ::-o,j.
Goose nan-pa) "1lIi-mll.
Gorge S. (ravme) roti.
Goss i" s. (idle tnlk) Ila-/Md(i; r!l!l(I-UIb.
Gourd l'a_bid, I..'fl-ba, yon IV., cwi C
Gout drllJ,-mid Jv'; gn,m-Im, !Jl'1lm-tldd,
d,.ag--grllm; dl'ey-nad, l.(qs-tllld, lsifP-::NU,
Govern lIfIyu,.-oa; I'yyul-,rid J:lJOli-ha;
dbllil 3fj!Jflr-ba.
Go vern ment rgyal-po, '"fIlIal-.rid.
Governor .de-pa; bA·a-b/dn.
Grace s, bka-drin, (ufJS·,je.
Grneious lU!J•..rye--ta11.
Gradually ,iU/i-gis; [IU.le y1t-le lY.
Gro.ft s. pe-btill.
Grai n s. rdOU-PO, oone,
G rn III mar bya.ka.ra-lIa 372.
GnUl/lell j I d (,a-/,o; daughter t.a-mo;
- father ,un-po; - mother mil-filii, fyi-
JIlO; - son l.a-bo, resp. dlxm-po.
Grllnt vb. (bka) )'1W1i-bll: 09/'fItJ-pa; .uol·
ba; }':i[p-pa.
GrAnulou. (au·ta-can lY.
Grape r!Ju.'I, 'lag-moo
Grasp \'b. J«-hll, 0lid1l-jXlj ef. roog'-pa.
Grass ri3lC11,
GrllsshoPl'er i:og-i;og-pa, CII--!lII-ohu.
Grllte ,;. dnt-pa, IcuU'-I./I'a.
Grateful drin·r::o--clln; w he - d,.iAt:o-
;".
Gnter /ag-ddr,lab-Jat·.
Gratitude dr{n dran.pa,
Grnvc s, dur-1..1I1i.
Gravel lI. !/yo-'IM; .09.,,111.
GrR\')' 'JHl!Js:, 6a-"II!), resp. M:lfIl-ru,,,,
GIlly .se-bo; lrght - d:!Ja-bo.
G rellse S. '1lII'lI-I!"; vb. •tlulll-f/!lit d:flll-pa.
Greasy .ntlm-Can; (110-00,
G- r t 'Nil, ren-l)l), f'[/!JIU-pa.
,..
634
Greatness
Have
Greatness ce-ba, ce-Kydd.
Greedy O
dod-sred-can;
blo-
dod; ham-pa-
can.
Green sno-ba, s/ion-po; Ijan-ttu.
Greens
s.
sno-fsod,
Idum,
fsod-ma.
Greensward na-Ka',
ne-fdn.
Grieve
vb. n.
skyo-ba, ^gyod-pa.
Grind
Ofag-pa;
bdar-ba\
to the teeth so
bdar-ba.
Gripes glan, glan-fabs.
Gristle
cag-krum.
Grit
(gravel) yyo-mo.
Groan s.
Jlog-sugs W., sugs-ndr, sugs-rin.
Groan vb.
Jcun-pa.
Groom rta-rdzi.
Grope snom-pa.
Grotto
gyam, pug-pa.
Ground s.
zin; yzi(-md) 480; sa-yzi
570.
Grouse
ri-skyegs\ goii-mo.
Grove
skyed-mos-fsal.
Grow vb. n. cer
skye-ba; Kruh-ba\ Ogyur-
ba;
rgyas-pa; ca-ba\
to dark
Ofibs-pa;
to old
bgre-ba
;
to cause to
grow skyed-
pa.
Growth
skyed, skye.
Grudge
s.
/con-pa;
to bear a
Jion-pa.
Grumbling
s. *fo-fd* W.
Grunt vb.
nug-pa,
nur-ba,
Kun-pa.
Guard vb.
skyon-ba, skyob-pa,
srun-ba.
Guardian
p'a-fsdb;
of the world
jig-
rten-skyon.
Guess s. v. fsod
453.
Guide
s.lam-mlcan,
lam-
dren-pa, lam-yig.
Guitar
sgra-snyan\ ko-poiis
W.
Gulf
Kug, cu-Icug; (abyss)
bison-doit.
Gullet
Ikog-ma.
Gulp
s.
hub\
skyu-gdn, cor-gdn.
Guni s. fan-cu.
Gun
sgyogs\ tu-pag
W.;
me-mda C.
Gunpowder tu-pag-man
W.' me-rdzds C.
Gunstock
O gu-mdd\ sgum-da.
Gut, great
or colon
ynye-ma.
Gutter wa.
Guttural s. Ice-rtsa-can
150.
H
Habitation
gron\ ynas-fsan, ynas-/ca/i,
yzi-ma.
Haft
yu-ba.
Hail s.
(frozen rain) ser-ba', (salutation)
v.
rgyal-ba
I
108.
Hair
skra;
spu,
a little
ba-spu.
Hairy ba-spu-can;
skra-can.
Half
(one half)
s. ca
151.
Half
adj. pyed\
boot kr
ad-pa.
Hall
bkad-sa;
-
of
judgment fsugs-Kan.
Halo
Kyim.
Halter
tur-mgo\
srab-mfur.
Halting-place
sti-bai
ynas; (night quar-
ters) Jbran-sa, resp. yzim-brdn.
Hammer s.
fo-cun;
large
fo-ba.
Hand s.
lag(-pa), resp. pyag.
Hand vb. a.
srin-ba;
to over skur-ba.
Handicraft bzo.
Handful
ttya-le; ttyor;
^cans-pa-, spar-ba\
pul.
Handkerchief
sna-pyis-,
-
of salutation
Jca-btdgs
37.
Handle s.
kab-za, Icibs, yu-ba.
Handsome
mcor-po,
mdzes-pa.
Handspike gal-ta.
Hang
vb. a.
(a man)
*
car-la tan-ce*
W.\
to
-
up skar-ba, dgar-ba, Ogel-ba\ Opyar-ba',
vb. n. to down
Jol-ba, O pyau-ba.
Hangman
ysed-ma.
Hank
gru-gu.
Happen Ogyur-ba, Jbyun-ba, ^on-ba.
Happiness dge-ba,
skyid-pa, yyan ;
bkra-
sis.
Happy bkra-sis-pa; skal-lddn,
skyid-po;
legs-pa
;
to be
bde-ba,
skyid-pa', may
you
be
bkra-sis-sig
W.
Hard
kyou, mKran,
rnKregs-pa;
sra-ba\
-
to bear
Kag-po\
water cu
kyon-jw.
Hardened sran-can.
Hardness nar-ba.
Hardship
dka-ba,
nyon-mons-pa
191.
Hardware
Icags-
cas.
Hare ri-bon.
Harm s.
skyon;
to do
t'sugs-pa, ynod-pa
byed-pa
or
skyel-ba\
vb. to
mad-pa.
Harmony (musical concord) sgra-dbyans;
(agreement) mfun-pa;
concord
amongst
kinsmen
ynyen-
dun.
Harness s. cibs-cas.
Harrow s.
sal-ba;
vb. to sal-ba
O
drud-
pa.
Harsh
gyon-po; rtsub-po.
Hartshorn sa-ru.
Harvest s.
btsas-ma\ lo-tog
552.
Haste s.
fsa-drag',
to make
rgyug-pa\
make haste!
*fsa-rag
ton*
W.', *rin-pa
ton* W.
Hasten vb. n.
snyegs-pa', rins-pa.
Hasty spro
tuu-ba; yid
fun-ba.
Hate vb.
Jton-pa, Ogras-pa,
sdan-ba.
Hatred
sdan-semS,
ze-sddn.
Haughtiness ce-fdbs, po-so.
Haughty Ua-drag, Kens-pa\
ce-fabs-can,
po-so-can
Hautboy dge-glin\
sur-na.
Have
(possess) bdog-pa
.;
having
v. raw
138,
63'
Grelltness - l1a,'c
Greatness h-ba, h-lydJ.
Greedy "Jod..vtd.<anj bW·"dMj hUm-pa-
eM!.
Oreen Uo-ba., (ia»-lu.
GreenS s. 1Iio-r..Jd, lduln, flOd-tHlI.
Greensward till-Ea;
Grieve \'b. n. of/yod-/)(I..
Grind 10fHXl; bdar-lK.; to - the tecl.h 110
/xim,);;.
Gripes !/ltui, glaic.faht.
Gristle Cag4:n;m.
Grit (gravel) gyo---nw.
Gronn s. JlO!!'isily8 W" iU[p-lIlir, ;uy&-I'bi.
Groan vb, ilun.pa.
Groom I'W-rod.
Grope mom·pa.
Grotto !J!jam,Puw' ,
Ground s. b'lij r:i(·ma) ·180; 34'r';l (i'i'Q.
Gronsc ri-J.'!IfJ'j flOit-mo.
Grove
Grol" vb. n. w Jruit..oo; dJYIlr-
Oa; la.baj to - d:ul o(jb.-pa;
to - old bgt.oo; to cnuse to grow aJwd·
"..
dyM. J.yt:.
Grudge s. 1O bear:l - .)on-l'a-
Grumbling s. (o-fa" IV.
vb. nur-lta, C".pa.
Guard vb. 1k!f01i.JxJ, ,lyoh--pa, ,nut-Oo.
GU:lrdi3D po,-MlJ; - of the world),:,.
rlPWJ:yoli.
Guess 8. v. (MKll:-.:l.
Goi de s.lam-m/tan,lam-odl'f:R-}/'a, lana-yig.
Guitn.r "'jt"a-ll'l,!l<m; ko-jj(}!t'
Golf "-'ufI, Cll---llufJj (au)'ss) btMnH:loli.
Gullet lkofJ-ma.
Gu Irs. 1mb; d1ffi--fJd.il. eor-gait.
Gum S. (ali-a'.
Gun '[I!JODt; tu-pag W. ; mc-m(la C.
GUD)IOwder tu-pw;-man tv.;
G uos tock o!!"-mJd;
Gut, great - or 00100 rnye-lIHa.
Gu I tet' tea.
Gattural lrlO.
H
IhbitatioD 9''Olij 1"'aI.6ati, 1"'aI-Iiati,
rU",",a.
B aft !/K-l.ia.
H Ilil s. (frozen min) ICI'-ba; (sR.luultion) \'.
'YlyaWJa I los.
Hair ,"'1'a; .pu, a little - ba-.lm.
Ililiry NHpu-fan; tkra·fan.
Half (ODO half) s. la 1&1.
Batf adj. ftyed; - boot had-pu.
Hall bkad-aa; - of judgment (aJ!JI"iaii.
.Ihlo Il!fim.
.Ihlter (ur-'"!JOj "ah-mlitr,
nalting-place .tj-l.iai }'llaI; (night quar-
tOni) obra...sa, res.p. yzivc.fJrdij.
Hammer s. luge - lo-OO.
Band s.1ag(-pa), reap. hug.
Band vb. a. ";1i.fJ.s; to - over d:ur-ba.
IInndicraft 6:0.
Handful fyd-hj olaJi&-pa; t;par-l.ia;
PuL
Handkerchief .na-fJyN; - of Slllutation
l/a.[,tdfP 37,
Handle 8. kab-za, lHIM, yu--ba.
Handsome mi!qr-po,
Handspike put-tao
Ban g vb. n. (a man) ·ear-Ia ta,i-?:? W.; to
- up &l:ar-l.ia, dyar-lJa, .,gel-bf1j
vb. n. to - down JIi..ba, ol'!lcm-ba.
Hangman Jitd-ma.

Happe n o!JlJ'U""Ou, .6yuIi-ba,
Jhrrinen dge-lm, aiNJid-pt&, J'Y"';: bJ.-rn.
'u.
lhpily bkra--m-po.; al.-tJl-ldcill, &l:!J¥:1.po;
to be - lKk-ba. J"!lid-lJa: may
J<lU be - bkra-iit-Jig IV.
111l r d kyo/i. mirrmi, 1I1J.'rffJ'ya; tra-ba;
to hear water C1,
H arden cd sra,,·c(l/I.
Hardnes" /ja,....bll.
Hllrdsbip (llca.[,a, 191-
L1t1rdWllre lw,fl-'&u.
1I1lre rHxJiI.
Harm s. J:yon; LO do - ('llfJI-pa, rMt./-pa
bytd.pa or J.ytl..JJaj vb. to - mall-pa.
J] a r In0 n J (musical concord) 1flrtl-dh!f4il.:
,"lMlI-pa: concord I'lIlong&t

llal'nus s. 'lib.-CfII.
IJ a rro w 8. ial..JJa; vb. Ul - w-ba .jlnuJ..
po.
Harsb 9!JOii-poj .-uub-po.
UlI.rtsborn ia-/"tt.
llanost 8. btaa.lJ-1Il4; lo-Uig 552.
Haste s. l.a-dl'ag; to make - t'f/YII!f-paj
make hastet ·(8a-l'ag 10"· lV.; ·,',i-pa
W,;- IV.
Bast en vb. n. • /II/ega-paj ri,ia-pa.
lIasLy apro (uli-ba; yid lll,j-ba.
Hate \'11. oJ.'on...pa, ofIraa·pa,
Ha t red admi-te1flj, !:Mddii.
Haughtineu IHH;o·
Uaughty lla-l.lrJy, J.'bia-po; ct-labt-lan,
.......,..
dgt-f/li,;,,; .11...114-
.line ·MgT.call
ll;i\\k Home C35
v.
/x'-iifi-fiu
lie,: I have /;./-/</
i/<></ ;,i;,: I
lia\e t.. \.
/_</////
no.
:;,
nil.
I 1 a u k
B.
I' I'd.
Hay
rts<i-sk<hti;
fork
xln'a<j-in<i.
Ha/ e
ln<i-nn'i.
1 1 1-
/,. I, <>ii. tie
266;
who
gau
no. -j
ll.-ail s.
///*/.i,
icsp. <$M; (chief) lii/u-incoy
17:
//.w-^0484; (of
sin
argument)
yafc-Joy;
master
^o-dpon.
Head vb. a.
Ol>'rid-pa,
*>i<> <l/'<
n-pa.
Eeadache ni<in-n<nl\
k/d-yz6r.
Headman
^o-pa, rga(/-/*.
Heal vb. a.
O
fso-ba
460, yso-ba-, bcos-j><i.
Heali li /,
:
tns',
nad-mcd-pa.
I 1
ealthy
nad-ntt'il
11
rap
s.
pun-po.
Heap
vb. a
.SV//V/-/W, bn-i'-bd,
spuit-ba',
to
-
up sog-pa.
11
raped byur-po,
bijur-lnp'ir
;',TT:
guii-ba
W. <;<;.
Hear vb. a.
fos-pa,
fsor-ba
W., nyan-paj
hear!
ka-ye.
Hearer
nyan-pa
or
-po.
Heart
snyiu, resp. fugs'
nan\ ryyud
112;
ze
477;
to know
by
Ka-ton-du
ses-pa
35.
Heart-grief
sems-ndd.
Hearth me
-fab] sgyid-bu
118;
--
stone
sgyed-po.
Heartily snyin fag-pa-nas.
Hearty ze-fag-pa',
a
request ze-fag-pai
zu-ba.
Heat
fsa-ba, tsad-pa\ fan-pa.
Heated
dros-pa
264.
Heaven
mica,
nam-mKa
; ynam,
mfo-ris 242.
Heavens wA
f
a,
dbyins
390.
Heavy
Ici-ba.
Hedgehog rgaii, ^gan-yzer-ma.
Heed
s.,
to
give
-
bya-i'a byed-pa.
Heedless zon-med.
Heel s.
rtin-pa.
Heifer zal-mo.
Height mfo-Kyad; tfyojt; riiams;
dp(tit*\
Opan
355.
Heir s.
nor-bdag\ joint
-
go-Kan
W.
Hellebore
spi*u-ma.
Helm s. Ka-lo.
Helmet i
v
tnog.
Help
s.
skyabs, skyobs,
ra-mda.
Help
vb. a.
tkyam byed-pa, grogs />>/<'(/-/
xr.
Helper skyabs-mffon^ *ki/abs-ynas; yn;i<'ii-
po, dpun-ynyen, dpuii-grogs.
Hem B. tiii-nm, "i-n-i/d.
Hemorrhoids
y~<it't-tt<i</, y:<u't-britiu.
Hemp so-ma, ytso-ma, btso-ma\
bhaii-gcW.
Hen
bya-mo; /,//////-A/ya.
Henceforth da-*t< . <!<>
/[i/i* 247,
da
cdd 350.
Herb
s/io,
s/'io-fso<l. /7s//v/.
Herd
%,
/,
:
yu-bo.
Herdsman
rdzi-bo, pyugs-rdz
i.
H TO
1 1 TO after
]>u<jx-im,
da-nte,
da-jtyis,
da
l>
il/n-<
ml.
Heresy
coa-
A///.
Heritage
nor-skal.
Her 111 i t
ilijon-pa-pa\ bdag-b&rvn.
Eermitage dgon-pa, ynas.
1 1 ero
Kyo-ga.
Heron
kan-ka\
skyar-mo.
Hesitation fsam-fsum.
1 1 e w
)og-pa, O fsog-pa;
v. also cleave.
Hiccough
s.
skijig-bu; 'i-Kug, 'ig W.\
vb.
to
skyig-pa.
Hide s.
ko-ba, ko-lpags, pags-pa
or
-po.
Hide vb. a.
skuit-ba,
sbed-jia*
to one's
self
^ab-pa, yib-pa, ysan-ba.
Hiding-place
bskuns-sa.
High mfo-ba,
mfon-po'
and low
drag-
zdn
261; road,
way ryya-ldm;
ma-
lam W,
Hill
ri\
v.
sgah.
Hilt
kab-za, Icibs, yu-ba.
Hinder vb. a.
Ogegs-pa, Kegs-pa
;
to be
-
ed
togs-pa.
Hind -foot
rkan-pa.
Hind-part mjug.
Hindrance
gegs, bgegs,
bar- cod.
Hinge
s.
sgo-
K6r.
Hip
s.
(joint) sta-zur,
dpyi\ (fruit)
sib-*i-
lu-lu Ld.
Hire s.
rnan-pa,
vb. to
yyar-ba.
II i
story lo-rgyfa) byun-fsul.
Hit vb. a.
fas-pa, rgyab-pa, fug-pa, O pog-
a, Ofebs-pa
W.
Hit s.
ttag
148.
Hither
fsur-,
to stia-auf.
Hive s. tsan.
Hoangho
rma-cu.
Hoarfrost ba-mo.
Hoarse
nar-nar-po, Qdzer-pO',
to be
-
O
dzer-ba
; ras-pa
L/d.
Hoarseness
skad-gdgs.
Hoe vb. a. rko-ba.
Hog
s.
pag.
Hoist vb. a.
Qpyar-ba.
Hold vb. a.
caii-ba, snom-j>a, Odzin-pa;
to
forth
Odzed-pa\
to out
(suffice) /.//r</-
pa\
vb. n.
rtcn-pa
213.
Hold s.
rten;
to take
-
of
ju-lxi. [413.
Hole s. Kit/'/,
l>i-<j<'ni y bi-ydit
H'., bn-t/a:
mi<i
Hollo
interj. ka-ye; kye, kye-hd',
W. ira !
Hollow
adj.
l,-<>/i-*f<>H.
Hollow s. Kuit.
xbnt/(s)',
the
-
of the hand
skyor.
Holly tgom-Jbrdg.
Holy
skal-lddn,
dam-pa'
a
-
man, ^aint.
dam-jKi.
B. bku/--/Hi, bkur-sfi;
rhn-gro,
resp.
xku-n'in.
Home s.
k'yim;
to be at
/;////-</// */<></-/>.
IlAwk - HOllie G35
l.. bbl.-/III H(;; I h:we ,ia-ia yrxl [/1,,: I
1m\\' to \'. 1'!J!Ju 110.3, 110.
lI:l\\'k
11 ny - fork dJm!J-ma.
II n r. e fllg-r1lti.
II e /lo, ,{o,i, ,k 2a.i; - who ga" no. 2 Gfr.
IIcnd "'go, re.'I)' dbll; (chicf) AY'HllCoy
4,; )'fso-be 4:J.1; of 1111 llrgument) yml-lay;
- IIlllSter ofJO-dpdll.
II cAlI vb. :1. ,)'rid-pa, Slln /drl'7l-]><'.
II .... ad:l.c he myo-1111ll; kim -Fl:r.
He"dmAn o90"1'a, ryad-po.
111.'1'1 \·b.lI. o(W-blt 100, f80-btf; bt'w-]Itf.
II eal t h I..'allls; 'lUd-'lled-PII.
Il enlth y nOO-IIIM
lIenp s'INiI-llO.
II e at' \-b. II Wlil-ba, bra-bu, ,pUli-ba.; to
- up rog-lla.
lIell.IJed byUl'-1JO, btJ1I1·-bJplJ· 3,,: Utlli-ba
IV. ti6.
Hear l'b. II. (os-pa, (wr-ba HZ, ,wall-lia;
hear! ka-ye.
Hearer lIya'lfa or "po.
Heart my;,;, resp. (/lgs: Ilmi; rflyud 112;
Zf 10 know bv - fa-fOll-du sesf« 35.
lIeart-grief 8elll;'mld.
Hearth tIle-(ub; s!Jyid-bu us; - stone
IIUyN!-po.
lIell.rtily snyi,' (ag-pa-nas.
Heart)' u-(ag-pa; a - request u-(//9-pa;
:'I-ba.
Ileat (sa-bu, (slld-pa: (an-pa.
Heated dros-pa 26-1.
11 en ven 1111t11, nmn-mJ..!a; f1lam, m(Q-l'is212.
Henvens mila, dbyi,is 300.
II el\\')' lei-ba.
II ed ge b og ''!lmi, cflali-J"zer-nm.
Il eed s., to gl\'e - bya-'/'(I. byttl-pa.
Heedless zon-lIIid.
lleel s. "fi,i-pa.
1-1 ei fer za!.-1/I<I.
Height 1/1(0_ A'yad; l'I'ams; dpa,is;
35.').
lIeLr s. 1/(l/'-bd«f};joint - go-Itan W:
Hellebore spI'U-ma.
Helm s. I..h-to.
Helmet I"III<lg.
Help s. skyab.J, skyobs, ,.a-1/ula.
II el p vb. n. skya/A byed-1JU, !/l'OfIs b!JNl-pa.
II elper d'!Jub.J-fIIg011, 5kyabs-f1las: fllyen-
1)(), dpwi-rllyClI, dpllli-yt'()(.fl.
Rem s. 5IU'-ntO, cII-ga.
Hemorrhoid", fzwi-1Uid, fza,i-bl'lim.
II em p So-1llo., )"t80-1II11, btso-ma; bhw'-yt' W.
IIC D "bya-mo; l..'!Jim-btJa.
Hcnceforth dlll,yi,,-
eall 3i>O.
Berb sM,
Herd {'!lu, fyu-bo.
II erd sman ,.dzi-bo, jJ!JI/!Js-tiL'"i.
lIere odi-'/'U 2.&.
Hereafter l;ugs-'/ul, dll-5ft, «a-j'!!l;, do.
111
in
-
cad
.
Ilcres)' eos-lhg.
lIel·ito.ge no....skat.
Ilermit IJfjf»l-pa-pu; bdllfj-/m'illi.
II e rmitl\ge d!Jlm-pa, /"Ia,.
II ero llyo-ga.
Beroll kWi-ka; M'!JIlI'-'1Ij().
Hesitation (.o.lll-£."lm.
lIe w Jog-pa, o(SOfJiJa; \'. lllso c1u\'e.
lIiccougfl. s. sk!liy-bu; 'i-I..'ug, ''0 U'.; "!.I.
to - ,kWlfa.
II ide s. I:o-ba, ko-lpllfj" pll[JI-pa or-po.
Hide vb. 11.. skwi-bll, sbt'diJllj 10 - one's
self o!Jub-pa, yib-pa, }'Sali-bu.
IIidinK-plnce bsJ.'UJ;8-SII.
nigh m(o-ba, lIl(Oll-pO; - nnd low drag-
,Mn 261; - road, - \I'n)' T9ya-lJm; ma-
lam HZ
II ill ri; v. Sf/ali.
II i It Icab-za, li:ih5, !Ju-ba.
Hi nder vb. 11.. o9t!fJs-pa, ollegs-pu; to be .. cd
fogs-pa.
Hind-foot rkail-pa.
lIind-pi\tt m)ug.
11 indrll.Dce gegs, bar-CM.
II inge s. S!lo-,)'QI'.
LI ips. (joint) sta_z,;/', dpyi; (fruit) $ib.si-
lit-lit 1.4.
Iii rc s. r,ian-pa, v!.l. to - flJar-ba.
History If>-rgyUs,
!lit vb. 11.. l'es-pa, rgyab-pa, (Uf/iXl, oPo!;-
pa, o(tlJ,;-pll W:
JII t s. trag us.
Hither (sur; - to s,;a-lad.
Hi ve s. t,w;.
IIoangho I'ma-bt.
Hoarfrost bll-7IIo.
Ilonrse nat-,iar-po, to be-
ocke/'-bil; rlllJ-pa tA.
IIonneness skad-[!ags.
Hoc ,·b. a. 1·1:0-00.
Hog s. liay.
HOist l·U. II. o1J!Ja,·-ba.
Hold vb.n. 'la,i-ba, S1I()1II-:pa, lo
- forth "dzed-pa; to·- out (suffice)oA'yed-
pa; vb. n. "fl!ll-IJO. 213.
1I0Id ,·Ie'll; to take - of jl/-Im. [.113.
Hole .(,14,i, M-glill, bu111; "1(1
110110 ka..yI; kye, /.:ye-hQ; iI.1M.
l
lIollow f<l,;-.ltd".
Hollow s.I..:'I,i, 5b/lU(If)j the - of the han,]
"'Y"'.
Holly "f}om-obrOlj.
lIoly d'a/-Mli'" 'lam-pa.; n - mall, -"nint,
dam-pel.
1I0nHIge ",. bl..,I/,-ba, bl.:lII·-sti; l'im-yt"O,
re!Ul. sku..rim.
Horne s. ltyim; to I)/! nt - Iyim-dll IlI/OlI-I'II.
636
Homeless
- -
Impaired
Homeless
nes-mtd.
Hone
s.
O
dzeh.
Honest
dran-po,
cos
dran-po.
Honey
sbran-rtsi,
ran-si W.
Honour s.
bkur-ba,
bkur-sti; sti-stan-, ya-
sa; rim-gro, resp.
sku-rim; grays pa, pu-
dud.
Honour
vb. a.
bkur-ba, mcod-pa, rje-ba.
Honourable
btmn-pa.
Hood
s. fod-Kebs.
Hoof
rmig-pa.
Hook s.
kug.
Hookah
(Turkish pipe)
ci-lim; resp.
ze-
Hoop
s. san.
[horC.
Hoopoe
pu-sud.
Hope
s.
re-ba; blo-)'den, blo-ytdd;
vb. to
-
re-ba.
Horizon
mfon- Kor.
Horn
rwa,
ru.
Hornet
lin-gol-ma.
Hornless
Ku-yu.
Horse s.
rta, resp.
cibs]
black
^l-ba;
dung
rta-sbans
;
tail
rta-rna; whip
rta-lcag.
Horseman
rta-pa,
Horseshoe
rmig-lcdgs.
Hospital
nad-fcan, tsugs-Jcan.
Host
(number
of
men) dpun, p'al-po-ce',
(army) dmag.
Hot
fsa-ba, fsan;
to be
-
fsa-ba]
the
-
time of the
day
dro
264.
Hour cu-fsod
158;
double
Kyim
47-
House s.
Kan-pa; Kyim;aroii;
mKar\
sdum-
pa
C.; nan;
owner
tiyim-bdag, Kyim-
pa-pa;
rent
Kan-gld.
Household
yzis-mad;
bza-mi 497.
Housekeeping
so-tsis, so-tsigs.
Housewife
Kyim-t'ab-mo
, Kyim-bdag-mo.
How ci
139, ci-ltar, ci-tsug, ga-zug,
ci-ne
BaL;
much
ga-fsod; (ci-)tsam.
However
^on-kyan.
Howl vb.
nu-ba\ (of animals)
nur-ba.
Howling
s.
(of
a
tempest) ^ur-syra
500.
Hug
vb. a.
Otiyud-pa.
Hums, di-ri-ri
252;
^ur-sgra
500.
Hum vb.
Urog-pa.
Human
mii\ being skye-bo.
Humble
adj
.
gus-pa.
Humbleness
ycam-bu.
Humidity
bad.
Humours
(of
the
body)
v.
nyes-pa
191.
Humming (noise) ^ur-^ur;
of bees di-
ri-ri,
zi-ri-ri.
Hump,
Hunch s.
rnog; gye-gu.
Hundred
brgya.
Hunger
s.
ltogs-pa; bkres-pa.
Hungry Itoys-pa, bkren-pa, bkres-pa.
Hunt, Hunting
s.
kyi-ra.
Hunt vb. a.
rnon-pa, O
cor-ba,
ysor-ba.
Hunter
rnon-pa, kyi-ra-ba, lins-pa.
Hurricane rlun-fsub.
Hurry
vb.
grim-pa', rgyug-pa.
Hurry
s. tsab-tsub.
Hurt vb. a.
ynod-pa skyel-ba. ynod-pa,
Jcan-ba, fsuc/s-pa, O
fse-ba.
Husband s.
%o, Kyim -tabs, Kyim-bdag;
skyes-pa; dga-grogs; bdag-po;
and wife
(couple) Kyo-sug.
Husbandry
so-tsti, so-fsigs.
Husk s.
lgan-bu, spun-pa,
sbur-ma.
Huts.
Ku-tu, pu-lu, spyil-po.
Hydrophobia fcyi-smyon.
Hypocrisy
Ka-cos;
sgyu-zog;
fsul- cos.
Hypocrite
tfa-ze mi
mfsuns-pa.
I
I
pron. na, ned,
ned-ran
128,
nos
130, bdag-
nyid
268;
I
myself
na-ran,
ned-ran.
Ice
dar, cab-brom, qans. Kuaqs-pa.
T 1 M JJ
Icicle
kyags-saon.
Idea
Odu-ses;
dmigs-pa.
Identic
mi-ynyis-pa
192.
Idiocrasy
nan 125.
Idle
adj. le-lo-can;
kyan-kyon
W.
If na
299, gal-te 68;
but if ci-ste
140.
Ignoble skye-ba
dma-ba.
Ignorance
yti-mug, ma-rig-pa.
Ill
adj.
and adv.
(sick) nad-pa;
fed ditos-
ndn; bza-med;
humoured
skyo-ba',
-
looking spus-med',
luck
rkyeri;
to be
na-ba.
Illness
nad, na-ba, zug
W.
Illusion
Jcrul-sndn, sgyu-ma.
Illustrate
Ogrel-ba;
to
-
by parables dpes
mfson-pa.
Image sku;
molten
blugs-sku.
Imagine
vb. a.
go-ba, sgom-pa, dmigs-pa,
sems-pa;
vb. n.
snyam-pa.
Imbecile
glen-pa,
han-lddn W.
Imbibe
)ibs-pa;
to be imbibed
fim-pa.
Imitate lad-mo
byed-pa.
Imitation
lad-mo', Jbag.
Immaterial
(not existing)
dnos-med,
yzugs-med.
Immeasurable fsad
med, yzal-du-med-pa.
Immediate
Opral, pral.
Immediately
mod-la,
de
ma-fag-tu
227.
Immoderate fsod med.
Immoral
O col-pa,
mi
tsans-pa
445.
Impaired nyams-pa.
Homeless - rmpaired
Jlouse""ife !/f'.",,-(af>..mrJ, fyim-bd4{l-t1f{).
How n 139, a-Itar, n..tlllfl, n'-1'I'
&1.; - much 9a.(.oo; (H-)tIam.
However
IT0 ....1 vb. •iu..iJa; (of animals) >fllr-&r.
Howling s. (of" telllpe..t) 5(X).
Hug 'fh. a. .lywJ.po.
II um s. di-n'-ri 2:12; ..u"-fIJra liOO.
Hum vb.
IlumnD "Iii; -
Ilumble ll.dj. gu.-pa.
II Uln blenessJcam-bu.
Humidity ba .
II umours (of tIle IIOOy) v. lUI.
II ummi ng (noise) of di-
,7-11, =i-1·i-l·i.
lIamJ), Hunch s. rnog; Y'fl-gu.
11 undred bf'!I!Iu.
II unger lJi.:rn-pa.
H a ogry 'lo9'-pu, tJICnn'pu, bh-n-pa.
lIunt, IJunting s. Ioyi-ra.
lIunt ,·b. L rlion-pa, .lor-ba, ,ior-ba.
Ilunter ni(»l-PO, J.yi·ra-ba, [iil,-pa.
Hurricane rlll,;.(,ilD.
II urry vb. vriftl-pa; ryyug-pa.
Harry s. tlab.tlilb.
R.. 1"OO-pa pod-lUI,
.J.-an-ba, (SUfJl-pa, (w-Cu.
lIushanll s. tyo, fyim-bd"fJ..;
8kyn-pa; dyU--fJf'09'; bdflg-l'(J; - nnd Wife
(couple) Ryo-iu!!.
II us ban dry 8f)-($i"
II usk s. 19a/'-bu, 'pUJI·pa, $!Jttl·-11l0.
JI ut s. fa-ta, pl/-lu, .pyil-po.
H}'drophobin Ij};i-lm!fdll.
lJ),l'0crisy J.'a-('(18; '!l!Iu.=dtj; ($ul ••ro..
II ypocr i te ra_.:e mj m(,ulit-po.
""
JIomel ess ;,a-mid.
Hone s. "d::.6.
llonest drwi-po," drwi-po.
lIoney WrwO-rUI, mJi4i Jr: . .
lion our 5- bl:wr-lJa, bl",r-41tlj Itl-lta,,; ya-
wj n''Ift-grt), Telip• ..b:-ri"j gra!p po, 1)11-
dild.
HOIIour l·b. ,,-lJ.tlr-W,
Honourable bhuu-pa.
lIood s. fod-fJJ..
rr 0 0 ( rmig-pa.
Hook s.
Hookah (lllrkish pille) ti-lim; resp.
Hoop s. .ian. [IidI'C,
J I oopae p'u-iud.
Hope 8. re--OO; /)10-)'116;, ufo-ytud; vb. to-
......
Horizon mfoli-",(for.
Uorn nea, f"ft.
Hornet li1iJlO'-1Ila.
Uornless
Horse s. ria, refil', nbtj bbck -
- dung ria-Wail'; -tail rta-rHa; - ,rbil)
rla-utIfI·
Horseman rta-pa.
Horseshoe nn'!J-lCd!!'.
Hospital nad-laH, ...
Host (number of men) dpllii, pal-po-h;
(army) drMg
Hot {la-lJa, (WlI i to be - ('0-00 j the -
time of the day tiro 26-1.
110 II r <:u_fMX! u.s; double - liyim 4,.
110 usc s. I.'ali-po; J.'!Iim; !frail; '1111.'01'; .dum_
pa C.; ?!ali; - owner I.yim-lxiag, l.'!Jim-
l1f1-pu; - renl I.'o.k.glrl..
110 usehold rm-mad; ka-lIIi 4')7.
HQusekeepiug IQ-Uu, IO-!$ifll.
I
J Pl'Oo. ';a. HM, Md-rali 128, ,;/If 100, Wag-
"yid 2(;8; I myself ritd-nvi.
I dar, lyafll.pa.
ICicle
Idea .Ju-$ei;
Ide ntie mi-rnyil-pa l!f.!.
Idiocrasy nan 12().
J die adj. It-h-call; II'.
If 11a 2'.l1l, gal-It G8; but if (\j-,Ie 140.
Ignoble dye-ba dl'lla../.;a.
Ignorance rtj.lI1l1g, ma-lig-pa.
I JI adj.nnd nth·. (sick) 1lad-pa: _ fffi (1';01-
liUR; b:£l..,ru-'l; - I,umoure<! _
looking .ptt>-lIliJ; -luck rkynt; to be
lIa-ba.
IHnen RaJ, na-bo,::fIg n:
Illusion .,4T11.I-.nui4, '!l!Iu-Ma.
Illustrate o!Jrtl-ba; to - hy pa",bles dpn
m(llm-pa.
Image &tu; lnoh.en -lNuu-l1t.
Imagine \·b. n. go-ba, '!J0Ht-pa, dmi!p-pu,
_lI-pa; "b. n. l"IIyam-pa.
1mbec il e glm.pa, han-ldd,; IV.
Imbibe .,jif.,,-pt<j to be imbilleJ fim-pa.
I ill i tAte lad-mo b!Jfil-pa.
Imitation lOO..1/IQ; .bap.
Immaterinl (not eXlsting) dn03-tlll'l.l,
r=ugl-tllAl.
lEU m easura ble (IUd 'mM, ,·!:al-lilMllal.-l;a.
I mmedinte .li,.al, ,wal.
Immediatel)" -'d-la, dttllll-(ag-tu 2:.. ....
Imwoderate r.o.i".Jd.
I mllloni ;tol-pa, "Ii tltJid-pa 4&:).
Jmpaired nyam'-JM.
Impart
lh-l:ilil
I 111
pa
rt
I in
|
i;i r I ia I
/>i
I in
|i:irl
i a I H \
IHHI/H
///-//-/////</.
I
inpeded,
t<>
In-
/,(K/-/iit
I
nipedimeiit //<'//*, ,,//"/-///////,
/
I in
pe
i a live in inn!
| <l<ii//x-t'/</</
As///
-Ji;:,.
Imperishable
////-_////-/", >/<///-//.
I
lll|M't
IKIUS IKir-lllll.
lni|iinus
xl>al-iit<'il:
adiff-byfd,
Implements
i-a-hi/m/,
<</-/<///, ;/<>-<< yo-
bydd.
I in
pol
i t
c
i/i//f-j><>: very
/,'(!-</ //<
i/'/-<r.
1
mpoiidera
hit-
y:<tl-<ln-inl-pa.
Importance Kay,
/w, ///</, d<>-ij<il, ;Ys?</s.
Important
Ici-bti,
ktuj-l-an. Jcox-can.
Impose
vb.a.
(lay
on) Oyd-ba,
skul-ba; (to
deceive) J-i<l-i><i, myo
skor-lm.
\ in
posture mgu-xkiit", y/yu,
iio
-Ikoy;
rdzuL.
Imprecation
nan',
byad,
buad-stems.
Impress
vb.
(on
the
mind)
koit-il-u
cud-pa;
Improper
mi-nin-ba.
Improve
vb. n.
Opd-ba,
fseii-ba.
Improvement skyed.
Impure skyuy-bro, ma-day-pa.
I ii
prep, na,
nan-na.
Inattention
yyeii-ba, yye/is-pa.
Inattentive mi
Ofsuys-pa.
Incantation
siiays, j'saii-siiays, yzuns.
I in mse s.
kun-du-i^u, yu-gul, /><//<</-/><!.
Incessantly Kor-yuy-tu. ryyun-<$ad-med-
JKII-. r</yun-du.
Inch sor-mo.
Inclination
yzun-ba, baf/-<-<i</*
I in-line vb. u.
(.to lean) Jcra-ba.
Inclined,
to be
(disposed) Odod-pa
Income sleb.
Incongruous ya-ma-zun.
Inconsiderate
yzu-lum-can, blo-yros-med.
Inconstant
col,
mi
Ofsugs-pa
, Oyyur-Idoy.
Incorporeal
Itis-med.
Incorrect
skyon-can.
Increase vb. a.
tgro-^dogs-pa, snon-pa,
spel-ba ;
vb. n.
ryyas-pa, Q pel-ba.
Increase s.
skyed,
non-ka.
Incredible
misrid-pa,
,'..s-///<W W.;
yid-
Indecorous no-fsa.
\ces-sumimit-ba.
Indeed ilt'-ktr
</
</
L>,V( .
nr.(/-j><i.
\ n
defatiga bly skyo-mi-MK-jHir.
Indented coii-co/i.
Independence
/<///-<//><<//.
Index dk<tr-cn<i.
//A'//-i^/:
fy.
India
r</ya-f/dr,
British
///////-/'/'-////.
I ml ian s.
fi/i/d-t/trr-jHi.
\ nd ia i-ulibei-
///////.
Indicate
S/H/I-JHI.
I n di cation
///As<///-//////
Indit't'ereut
stoit-jni;
to be to ... In >i
Ita-ba.
Indigence
y//o
//,//////
I iidii/eiit
'/A///-/--,
illml-
i
Indigestion
;
"'.
I
iidi^D
/v////.s; eiilmii- mlHi.
Indirectly
znr-dti. znr-nu W.
[ndi visible
////-/'//"/-/>".
Indiilent
L-1/ii/i-L-i/nn
\V..
r'/'il-l
I nd u hi la Me
t/,>r-//tu-<-n</-jiii, ydoii-mi-
\ n duce skul-l><i.
\l>n.
Indulge
in vb. n
cays-pa;
v. aKu
biiy-
med-pa
363
Industrious le-lam-lnn \\'..
l>rtmm-^u-<
Inexplicable }'ya-n;/t'*\
it i> tmne
///////-
n if
tan mi scs or bsad mi nus.
Infallible mi-nor-ba.
Infant cu-ma-lon /.</ :
j>ru-yu
cu/t-/>n\
boy Kyeu.
Infect
^o-ba, bsyo-ba.
Inflammation
Of$iy-pa;
of the
eyes
miy-fsiy (ce~)
W.
Inflate
Jmd-pa
;
pu ^debs-pa.
Inflection
dyu-ba.
Inflict
skyel-ba.
Influence s.
dbaii;
vb. a. skul-ba.
Inform vb. a.
spriit-ba,
Ion zer-l>
<
. I, mi
tan-ce W.
Information
man-nay
\
hun W.
Infringe Oyal-ba.
Infuse
Ojuy-pa.
Infusion
fat/-yi
smux.
Ingenious dmiys-<-<ui
.
Inheritance
skal-nor,
itor-xh-<il.
Inject juy-ya.
Injure O
fse-ba,
ynod-pd.
Injured nyams-pa.
Injury ynod-pa.
Ink
snay-fsa;
-
powder snay-pyc.
Inkstand
snay-kon;
:f
na<j-l>lttun*
C.
Inlet f
so-lay
C.
Inmate
nan-yi
mi.
Inn
^yron-Kdii.
Inner
nan-yi
301.
Innumerable
yrans-mtd-pa;
fsad-mt'd.
Inquire Odri-ba;
to
closely
zib-ttt
O
dri-
ba;
to
rigorously *skar-tay
tan-ce* W.
Inquiry brtays-pa.
Inquisiti
ve
rtoys-
d"<l-i-<ni.
Insane
smyon-pa\
to be
Jfnil-ba,
smi/i't-
I n >anit
y
xiiti/n-
/></.
[ba.
Inscription byait-bu, bym'i-nnt\
:id-lnj<'nt.
Insect
rk(tii-<lnt(i-l(l<ni-ii\ Jbu.
1 1 1
-
e n > i I 1 e L
:
<il-lcol
;
to
got
/
:
o/-Av/.
I
loepara
hie
i/u'-fi/i'd-jnt, Jjral-iin'd.
\ n>ert
(Lud-/>.
In-ide s.
/,-<>H-}>(i.
nttit-rL
Inspect
Itii-bn,
my />!/<>>/-}><'
ii. ~d/-(a
byed-pa
IT:
1
..
Inspection
~<tl-f<t.
Instance
dpe;
for
-
Q
di-lta-*ti\
Instant s. </<//. xkmL
yud.
11Il1IRrt - IOlltnnt (;37
I III II It r .lJOfl'illl.
l:upnrtinll{yoiJI.,m'd.
I III II lll't iul it},
Imjleded, til he flU '/Ul.
I mpediml'llt ylgN, o!}ui-rk,ljrl/l, tJflr·lM. ,
1111 lit' rut i \" e m<) ud } ol/m!l3 - plU

I III (l c r ishn. uII' 1/Ii-Jlfl-pfl, rtll9il(',
11I111(·t II ous ,ia/'_IIIlI,
Ilupious d'(li-lIIM; "liy-tWi(I,
111I1llclUeUll: fa-/l!Jml, ,{((-III,'!, f/O-';!Il, yo-
h!!I;".
I III pol i t c I'cr)' _. J.'a,.9!J'>';-
111111011 dI' I'll. UIe r::al-"U'1IIffl-pa.
Imllortnncc I.'aq, 0(Q3, flld, do-gill, yt:liy"
Important rap,fUlI. o!/m-Ca!l.
1m I,ose vu. a. (by 00) o!Jel-hl', sJ.1f1-/m: (10
dcceive) oh,'.jd-pl', ?llyn d-or-ha.
I III postu1'1' lII!J0-&1."6r; '9yu, ';0 {A:oy; /'dZIlh,
I mprecntion liall; bylld, bljad-stelllB,
ImpI'us vu. (on thc mind) lli,;-(Ill (lid-pu;
yoo!Js-pa.
Improper'lli-1,ui-ba.
J Illprove rb. n, oJlrl-ba, (3l';,-btl,
llUpro\'ement d-yed.
Impurc d:yug-bro, 'fIla-dag.pa.
In pl'ep. na, nw,-m(,
I naUention )'yc,i-bo., r,lje,is-pu.
Innttcnti\'c '1IIi
Incnntation slia!p, ISII/i-suays, I'ZU';S,
InceDse s. hw-du-ru, [Ill-gut. MUY-IIU.
Incesl'aotly I.'or-yug-tu. I'!IYU1I-rw
pal', r!f!/UlI.dll,
J ncll WI'-tIIO.
IllClinl'l.tioD rzuJi-ba,
lucline \·u. n. It... lenn) '/;"a-bll.
Inclined, to bc - ollod.,Ja
Income skh.
Incongruous
Jneons it! era te blo-!J/'os-mal.
In constnnt Col, lsu!Js-pa, 09YUI'·lJdg.
Incorporeal/la-TIled.
Incorrect
Increase vb, II. s9rn-llvgs-]Ja. SItO'I-pa,
spd-bo.; ,·b. n. "yyas-pu, opel-b(l.
I ncrellse s. d,!/ed, !/OII-.h,.
Incredihle 1111 IV.; !Jid-
Indecorllus no.(,w. {rfS-l!U 7Ili l1ui-b«.
.i n(I eed tk-A:a .ynd 2j,".
I udefn t i gn uI)'
Indented t'Oti-MJi.
Independence "wi-Ilb/iit,
ludex dl.:a/,-;:09, gle"-}':':i; fo.
In diu l'!IlIa-f!l;r, -
In tl i an s. 1'!I!lII-Uar-ll1l.
liuJia rliubCl' !J!Ji[l.
Indi<,:\te SIOIl-I'"'
Indication lJj(mll-'JI,ljid
Indifferent sto,,-1'u; to be to., ./a mi
Ita-bo..
In d i gc !lee !Jyn", dblll-ba, p[K";'1Xt,
Indigent dbll/-]JfJ,
IndiKcstiou zu, !II(I :,t-lJll.
Indigo rum3: -('oJour'1ll(j,i.
Illtlircctly ZII"-(Iu, :UI'-!Ia IV
In d i I' i s i I, It
Inll 01 I'll t I '.• r!lIJ(!-bll!J·i:UlI.
IIlII u It i t II. h J(' rOOll.mi-zu.
Induce sl.·u{-ba, rb.:f.
Indulge in \"ll.n ((I!I'_PII; \'.111<>0 Clly.
363
I ntl ust rious It-/aI1l_f(/lI W.;bl'I;1Il()n-p<J'-hm.
Inc x plica h Ie N/a-!t!Jh; it is to lUI' J'!I.'IU-
111($(//1 7Ili or biad 1111 11/1.8.
I nfnII i It Ie TIIi·1l(w-ba.
Infllnt eu-ma·{dlj 1...1; t'II'U.!J1l eu,i-btl;
Loy
Infect o!JO-ba, bsgo-ba.
Inflllmmation fn'rJ-pa; of thc e}'($
,ui[l-f* (ft) HZ
I nflntc oblld-l'a; ]llt
Inflection d'lu-ba. 0
JlIflict sJ.:yei:bo..
I nflucDce l'. dbtu;; vu. 11.. skul-bll.
Info I'ID vU. n. spriJi-bll, 1011 ::c,../xl (', II/ln
to.,i-i:e lV.
Information 1/I1m-I,dg; II/m W.
lofl'inge o!J/lt-ba.
I nful'e JIl!J-pa.
InfUl<ion fun-gi SIIWII.
InF;"enioul<
InlJeritallce $Iwl-mJr, Ilor-s/':/ll.
Inject
In jure lse--oo.j'!lod-pa.
Injurea nYllllls-pa.
Injul'y ymxl.pa.
Ink - powder
Inklitn.nd 8nllg-I.'OJi; *!lag-b/I/lJII· c:
I.nlet (so-ldg C
Inmate mi.
l n n o!Jl'Oll-f,!ti,i.
Inllcr lII"'-[liOOI.
In n II mel'a b II' gl'/1.Ji8-'IIIM-pa; tsad-'lllM,
Inquil'e cdri·oo; to - dO':'cl)' :ib-tllo,IJ'i-
00; to - rigoroulil)' *skal'-tag twi-l-l'
Inquiry
Inquj., I t i \'1' I'toys o(l,/(/-fllli.
I n"nne :l1I/,'J0II'PII; to he - ofrlll.ba, SIllIpJ.
I II l'll.uit)' (ba.
I n se ri lit i 0 II b!lwl-l/lo; ::lIi_b.ytJ,i.
In l<ect I'I.·ail..Jrug-Mml-pa; obll..
Insell"iltle I.'al-fdl; to gl't o/.!ol-bu.
I Ihcpara ul e lIIi-P.lltd-pa, obral.'mM.
Jill' el't od::lld-pa.
11I"ide s. lw;'-roI.
Inspect It/I.lm, 1/IfjO :':II/-tll
byed.pu '1';:"\.
Tn"l'ection ::al-I(/.
In"t:lllce (/)ll; for - odi-lta-:Jtt, dper-Illf.
IMlall t "'.tlff', .I.'ad, yud.
638
Instantly
--
Jointly
Instantly
mod-la.
Instantaneous
dar
fdg-gi\
O pral-gy^;
yud-tsam-pa.
Instantaneously glo-bur.
Instead
dod-du; fsab-tu,
sul-du.
Instigate
nar
Odon-pa.
Instinct v.
ran-bzin,
v.
sugs;
sexual
ro-
tsa.
Institute
vb. a.
Odzugs-pa.
Instruction
bka-ydams,
bka-nan; Ktrid;
zal-ta;
instructions
spyad-mfsdms
456.
Instructive Krid- debs-su
run-ba.
Instructor
mfcan-po;
instructress
mJcan-
mo.
Instrument
ca-bydd, ca-lag.
Insult vb.
Ofcu-ba; Kan-ba; fsig
rtsub
(or
nan)
zer-ba.
Insurrection
sde-tfrugs, Jfrug-pa.
Intellect
blo-gros.
Intelligence (knowledge) rgyus; (news)
ca.
Intelligent
sems-mtcan,
blo-rno-ba.
Intelligible Icrol-po; go-sla-ba.
Intemperate
t'sod-med.
Intend
dgons-pa, dga-ba,
ca-ba
W., O
dod-
pa; sems-pa;
sno-ba 137.
Intent s.
don,
bsam-pa.
Inter vb. a. skun-ba.
Intercalary
month
zla(-ba)-sol,
*da-ful*
W. 491.
Intercessor no-cen 129.
Intercourse
Jbrel-ba
402;
to have
O
dre-
ba, Ka-bsre-ba, sdeb-pa.
Interest s.
(money) skyed,par,
bed; (con-
cern) yzun-ba.
Interfere Ha
^ug-pa.
Interior s.
/cog, Kofi-pa,
nan I
301.
Intermediate bar
366.
Interpret ^grol-ba.
Interpreter skad-pa.
Interstice
bar, dbrag.
Interval
bar-skabs,
bar- t'sdms.
Intestines
rgyu-ma, loii-Iea, lon-ga.
Into nan-du.
Intolerable
mi-bzad-pa,
Intoxicated
can-cem-ban
154,
ra-ro-ba
521,
zi-can W.
Intoxication
bzi,
ra-ro.
Intrenchment
rags, pag-rags.
Intrigue
s.
gya-gyu.
Introduce
Odzugs-pa.
Introduction
(preface)
snon-
gro.
Inundate
yyeh-ba,
lud
pa.
Inundation cu
/'yam-pa^ cu-nag,
cu-riid.
Inured v.
sran-pa
580.
Invective
smad-pai fsig.
Inveigh yse-ba,
fca
kye-ce
W.
Invent
dmigs-pa-nas
bzo-ba;
bsam-blo or
-mno
byas-te sgrub-pa;
blo-fabs
O
fsol-ba.
Investigate Ita-ba, Ita-rtog byed-pa.
Invincible
yzan-gyis
mi
fub-pa
234.
Invisible mi-snan-ba.
Invite
Odren-pa, ydan-Qdren-pa, spyan-
Odren-pa; sog
zer-ba.
Involuntarily ga-cdd, (ran)
dban-med-
du.
Inward
naii-gi
II
301.
Iron s.
Icags;
ore
lcags-sa; slag Icags-
dregs.
Iron
adj. Icags-kyi.
Irreligious
skal-med,
%os-med.
Irresistible
rgol
mi
nus-pa.
Irritable
rtse-reg-ce
440.
Irritate
*
gob-non-co-ce*
W.,
fsan
O
bru-ba.
Isabel
(horse) nan-pa.
I s c h ur
y cu-gags
157
.
Isinglass nya-spyin.
Island
glin-prdn.
Issue vb. n.
Ogye-ba, Opro-ba.
Issue s.
bu-rgyiid.
Isthmus
cu-bar, glin-lag-Jbrel
541.
It
pron.
Ico
42,
de
255-
Itch s.
(disease) rkon-pa.
Itching
s.
Jbun-pa.
Itself
pron.
v. no
129; dnos-yzi
131.
Ivory
ba-so.
Jackal
ce-spyan, dur-spyan, wa-spydn.
Jackdaw
skyun-ka,
Icun-ka.
Jacket
keu-rtse,
ke-rtse.
Jagged
con-con.
Jar s. rdza-bum.
Jaundice
mig-ser;
black
Jesa-ya nag-po.
Jawbone
mgal, Ogram-rus.
Jealous
ce-re, mig-ser-can.
Jealousy gran-sems, cags-sdan, mig-ser.
Jehovah
ya-ho-wd.
Jejune
Ito-ston.
Jelly (gelatine) Ogrig- grig
C.
Jessamine kun-da.
Jesus
ye-su.
Jest s.
ku-re, kyal-ka, /ca-sdgs, ga-za.
Jest vb. ku-re
byed-pa;
rtse-ba.
J e t of water cu-mda.
Jewel
rdo-rje\
nor-bu; pra, O pra; rin-po-ce.
Join vb. a.
sgrig-pa, Odogs-pa, sdud-pa,
sbyor-ba,
sbrel-ba,
zun
sdebs-pa;
vb. n.
sdeb-pa;
to
(in singing)
ram-bu
Odegs-
Joined
sbyor-la,
zor-la.
[pa.
Joint s.
Jbrel-mt'sams 402; fsigs
448.
Jointly skyus
28.
638
ID.st.nntly - Jointly
b8untly ffIU)(/·I«.
dar J'tig-gi; .f.ra1-!l!Jij
Y14d-tsam-pa.
hl>lantaneously gfb.bt,r.
los1ead ,.,j-dtl.
Instigue liar .dInt-po.
Instinct ,.. v. ,hl9'; Ilellll:U - ro-
...
Institute vb.a.
o
d..""UfI3-]JQ·
InuructioD bJ:a-ydaTfU, 6.hNlmi; frid;
:al-ta; in"tructions 'P!Jad4lIfui_ 456.
Instructive J..'rid••ddJf.m I'U/i-ba.
IoslroClor mfan-poj instructress tnJ:an-
=.
Iustrument cu-b!Jrid, ea-lag_
\·1. j.'mi-baj (,ig rUu.b (or
nan) ::er-ba.
Illsurrection wk-J.Tuga, ifroy-'fXl'
Intellect b/o-gIw.
IDtelligence (knowledge) 'Y.Y'"; (nc,,-s)
...
Illtelligen t 1nRI-1IIl'a'" 1Jlo.nao-IxJ.
Intelligi ble f1'Ol..poj g04la-ha.
lntempcn.te f,oo'"'lflid.
blend dga-lJa, W,.dod-
paj H'IfI$-pa; 'Ifo-ba Uf<.
J nlent 8. don, 1Mam..pa.
Inler \'1. tl. Mvu-ha.
[nlerentllor)" month ::la(-ha)-joJ, °da_(ul"
JV. 4.:)1.
Intercessor 1:!!'1.
Intercourse obrd-ba 402; to II/we - odl't-
ba, sdeb-Jla.
Jnterest s. (money) t1ryt'd, pn,., fH!d; (con_
oem) p:uil-ba.
Interfere fa Jug-pa.
Interior s. fog, r"ii-pa, nwj I 001.
Intermediate bar 300.
I
Interpreter
Interstice bar, d .
Interval OOr..d:abf,
Intestines rgyv_a,1b.fa, loli-ga.
J ac k nl l:t-tpymj, dllr-rpyu,i, 1cu-1Jpyd,i.
J ll.C kd n w sJ."!flIiI-ku, ICUlI-ka.
JAck et ktu-rtM, ke-rlu.
Jagged coil-Mli.
J Dr S. rdza-lJ(llfl.
.1nnnd i ce mig-ah'; black - ba-ya 'IUlfJ-po.
Jawbone mgal, of!"Gm-rW.
Jealous bt-ri, ullg"""",Coll.
J entousy !P'a>l-mnl, lu[P4dtuj, miff-llr.
J ehOl"lI.li ya-ho-lCfi.
Jejune IftNton.
Jell}' wL-Itine) ..grig....qrl1 C.
J
Int 0 nali-du.
lntolerable -mi-b:.ad-p<J.
htoxica..ed lali-lml-MlI 1(;4,
001, d-roll TV.
Intoxication b=i, n-ro.
Intrenchment raga. fta1rraga.
Intrigue s. gya-gyiJ.
Introduce
Inlroduci.ion rclnce) tH671-o!Iro.
InUlldnte nP;-.- ,/tcdpn.
Inundation eu '/YO/fl-pa, ffl-lIag, (U-N;t/.
I nu red Y. 3rall-pa l'lSO.
Invective amatl-j>ai {sig.
Inveigh riu-bU, 'a J.ye-c, W.
In\'ent dmif/s-ptl-lIOl1 b;;O-/)«; bsam-blo ai'
-11100 b)j(U"U! '!/I'Ilb-pa; hlo-falA of&Oi-bu.
lnvestip;ale lta-ba,lta-rtog byed-pa.
1n\·jncible r;un-gyi, "'t (ub-pa
Invisible mi-llWn-OO.
In''ite odrm-pn, rdo1f.-.drtn-pa, 'rytJ1I-
.d""f"; ... ,,,..00.
Involnntarify ga-ltid, (ran) dlxui-,fU'd-

Inward Nlljj-gi 11301.
hon s. Ra!JI; - ore - slag lcogs-
d..,..
Iron adj. Ua[p-l;yi.
IrreligIOUS dtll-mlJ. &e-mld.
I rruiuible I'gol "Ii mu-pa.
Irritable rtu-"g-ltoliO.
Irritate ·gob-tum-ro-.U·
Isabel (horse) ,ia,i-pa.
hchury eu-gag'lu7.
Isinglass Jlya-.pyin.
rSIADd glili.prdn.
hlue vb. n. .,gyt-OO, .prtHJa.
Issue s. /m-rgyud.
Isthmus ltt-bar, gliri-lag-,.bT'il all.
It. pron. I!.o 42, d,
Itch s. (di6eftSe) rl:/Ifi-pa.
Itcbing s.•bv1l1X"
Itself pron. v. 129; d;,o..p 131.
hory 00...,.
JeS8:lmine l:un-dll.
Jesus
.1 est s. ""'Ial-ka, l:a-8119', ga-za.
J e 8 t vb. !.'u-r, 'f.,Yl'd-pa; rue-ba.
J e" of wllter t'll-mda.
J ewel nor-bu; lira, .pm; rjll-'[X)'"l,.
Join ,·b. It. '9"9'1:>4, lIf1ud-pa,

Wrd-/ia. :1111 .dt/A-po; \"b. n.
; to - (in singing) rarn-bu odNfl-
J oi ne abllfW'-ia, (po.
Joint s. ..,","-Wl(Ill"., 40'.!; hi!!, lols.
J 0; Il tI y MyftI !!8-
-Ink.' S. ///-/V.
Joke \ 1 1. rtni'-hti.
Journey
-./"in.~>\ \: ;i
day
>
.1
on rneinun
Joke
-
LampUark
;
/d-za.
639
Jllggl ''I')' ./'////.
'"-
I'l-Ul
Juice
IK- in I. //>/.
>is,ilyoitx- .lump
vb.
J.'fdb-jia.
J u ni
per nf)a-ma.
^ ^ Jupiter (yza) I'ltr-l'it.
Joy
s.
agOrba
II >:'.. <l<i<i-l><l,\
il<i<i-tx<'ir\
HO- Just
adj. tlfdii-jio,
fsitl-cnit
150.
so,
spro-ba
Jl
;;:',7,
/',</-/
Just adv. v. w/i no. ;$
522;
before
/,"-
Joyful,
to be
'ingn-lxi.
</fd>i
35;
by Oijf<i/
-</n
us;
he,
the
Joyous
</</d-mo.
very,
/'o-na
43;
now
ma-tdg
227;
so
J u d a Ii
i/(r-/m-d(i.
de-ka-ltar 255.
Judge
s.
/,-fii/ix-(/i>ott;
di>ti'ict
i////-</i>on.
J ustice v. A?/*z?n
50; /sflw/s 564;
chief
-
sag-
J
udgment-hall
bka-ybdgt, dponW.
JUL;
',/t-xnod,
ben. Justification
mam-day
rtsi-ba
314-
Juggler s^
w- ma-mKan.
K
K al
pa
>. v.
It^dl-fiti
33.
Keep
vb. a.
O m/i-/w, srun-ba, ski/oii-lx!
;',] :
to
-
back
//<v/s-/w, $kyil-ba\
to in iniud
O ca/i-ba',
vb. n.
rtcn-pa
213.
Keeper nfei-60468;
st-uh-mkan 583.
Kernel
r/:aw;
rtsi-gu,
fsi-gu.
Kettle
0a/is, za/is-ow;
arum >via.
Key Ide-mig' (i>e-) ku-liy
W.
Khams v. /
r
aws 39.
Khatmandu v. Ko-bom
43.
Kick s.
rdoff-pa, Opra-says.
Kick vb. a.
Opra-ba,
v. also
rdog-pa.
Kid
ra-gu, ri-gu
W.
Kidney
mKal-ma.
Kill
ysod-pa^ srog ycod-pa, resp. Ogum-pa,
^gem-pa.
Kind s.
fcyad-pai\ rigs, swa316; mam-pa
313
;
bye-brag ;
of
every
sna-fsad.
Kind
adj.
dfin-
can,
byams-pa;
to be
-
mfun-po byed-pa.
Kindle
duys-pa,
sbor-ba.
Kindness drin
,
bka
-
drin
, bdag
-
rkyen,
l>rtxe-ba.
King rgyal-po, rje-bo.
Kingdom
rgyalrKdms, rgyal- Kdg.
Kiss s.
^o, ^M.
Kiss vb.
.,.0
byed-pa,
lea
ytugs-pa,
*ka lan-
ce* W.
Kitchen
bkad-sa, yyos-Kan;
fab-fsan
W.,
sol-Kaii
6'.; garden
Idum-ra W.
Knag mdzer-pa.
Knapsack
Kab-fa-ka, Kom;
ci-ka W.
Knead rdzi-ba.
Knee
pus-mo
; joint sgyid-pa
;
-
pan
Iha-
nd.
Knife
gri.
Knit sle-ba.
Knock s.
(the
sound of
knocking) tag-tag',
there is a
tag-tag
zer W.
Knocker
ytun.
Knot s.
nidud-pa
273;
mdzer-pa
463.
Know
ses-pa,
no
-ses-pa, rig -pa, resp.
iiikyen-pa, nes-pa
('.\
to
by
neart Ka-
ton-du
ses-pa.
Knowledge rgyus, rig-pa, ses-pa.
Known
adj. ryyus-yod-pa, ca-yod-pa;
not
ytol-med, ryyus-med-pa, ca-med-pa.
Knuckle
s.sor-fsiys;
knuckles used as dice
bloii-mo.
Kunawar v. Ku-nu
40.
Label s.
byah-bu, byaii-ma.
Labour s.
las,
resp. prin-las,
/>:<>.
Labour vb. a. lax,
l/t'<l-)><i.
Labourer las-
1
HI.
Laconic
Ka-nyin'i, f*lij-nyiiii.
Lad
l>iilx-[>n.
Lad d i
1
.s/v/</. ,s/-^.s-/,v/.
Lade
(water) O
cu-ba.
Ladle s.
fum-bu, yzar-bu, cu-yzar, skyogs.
Lady )o-mo, btsun-mo',
of rank
rje-ma,
col.
se-ma\
young
sem-cuhW.
Tjahul
gar-za
67.
Lair fsati.
Lake mfso.
Lama
bla-ma\
Grand
-
bla(-nui) cen-po.
Lamb
lu-gu, lug-gu.
Lame
adj.
za-ba, za-bo,
rkait-nlion.
Lamed
ffrum-pa.
Lament vb. n.
smre-ba, mya-nan byed-jxt,
co-iic
dcbs-pa.
Lamentation
co-Ac, f
-dvtl.
Lamp
nittf-me,
sgron-ma,'on-gu,
*zi;m-
mar-pa* C., rkyon-tse
W.
Lampblack syron-dregs.
G39
,10 kc . l"!jld.J.:a, 11«.sti!J3, !I(J-za.
•Joke d).
J 0II riley s.it/Ill f>t I; l\ tllly'8 - (LJo,15, dg(lIi,-
'tli!J.
•10 II rII c/.' lU1\ II 11J.3"t1,VJf}"
Joy 1I. 'f/IJ-lm II 8.1, d!Jll..fxli, dya-{wrj ;10-
'0, 'JII-o-ba JJ 3.1", bl'od-lHl.
J(,)'ful, to !Ie -
.Joyous dga-mo.
•1u d1I h !l11.lm.dd.
,I Hd gt' 1I. J..'r;III.-dpon; - YIf{.tlpOIi.
bltlt-rM,!,.
Jill; (;/1-'110(/, fum. .
J uggIe r 'fJ'Ju-ma-mfan.
,J 1lfl'l{lery yIJrfll,
.J IIICC rtli.
.1 II lUI' vb. o/b'ab-1Ja.
.J llllipcr lI}'a-111/1.
,Jupitcr (y:<I)j!Il/'-bu.
J UlJt lldj. •(rwi-pc, fSlll-tlfJi 150.
J 11th,. v, rmi no.3 522; - bdore 1..'0.-
d/·wi 3;); - by 09rlll,1 -dl' - hc, the
veri:' !fo-Ifa 43; - now mo.-tug 2'2'j; - t;O
I/e- a-ltar 25j•
J II s ti cc ". [I); yi(J.[ls fJ6.t; chief - ,"g-
1I}'01l IV:
J ustifieation mam-Ja!/ rui-ba 3B.
K
f{ 1\ IP1\ S. \'. mkui.pr' :13.
Kec II \ U. 1\. o'fwi-ba, 3110;-0«, sl'!l0'i-!Ja 31;
to Unck ofY<JS-pl!, to - iu mind
oca,i-ba; \'b. n. rtell-pa 213.
Kecpe r l'dd-oo 4G8;
Kernel rka'i; 1'1$;-911, {,i-gu.
Kottle zwi., :wi,-Jm; - drum ,.,ia.
Key ldc-mig; (Iie-) J.1t-!iy W.
KhtlQls \'.I.'amJJ :19.
KhatUlllllUU v. /..'o-b6l/1 13.
Kick 8. nl09-:pa,
Kick vb.n. v. niso nJoo-]>a.
Kid 1'(1.-[1", rt-U" IV.
K i dne y
Kill IJ/Yxj ri:od-pa, rcsp. 09UIJI-PU,
.,!Jtm-pa.
Kind s. IJlla 316; '71mll-l'a
_.313: of every slIa-(IJ(lJ.
hind :ulj. JI'm-tan, b!JaI/M-/m; to be -
m(ulI-po byed· po..
K i lillie dfl!f8-/Ja, sOOr-ba.
J(intlncss ddtl, blat-drin, bdag-rkybl,
briaNa.
King r!J.l/al-po,r)e-/xJ.
)( i n gd0 m /'uyal-lfl;fIIs, IT/YII[.I.'dy.
I,nbel s. b!Jali-I.m, b!Ja,i-fIIa.
I.ll.bour s. {/IIJ, ]iliJl-IU$, b::o.
L"bolll' Vb.ll. 1(1.$ b!Jet/-p,t.
l,,,bollrcr feU-pi'.
Laconic II/Hi!!I;,i, (sig-1Iy,i,;.
Lad byis-pa.
Ladder skaJ, &hu-ka.
Ladc (water) Cu-bu.
I.lldlc (lim-til, r::4/--bfj, CfI-r;ur, d:!JO[Is.
Lady jo-1nl'>, - of mnk ,je-ma,
col. ie-nUl; young - it"!_;;,il; IV,
l.allul gur-:a 6.,
Ki lSS 1>• ..0,
Kiss vb, byed-pa, I.'u ylll!l'-J/(I, -fa lan-
ce' W.
Kitchen bJ.:ud-3a, r,lJOS-lla,i; fa!J..fsaii iV.,
fol-Ilmi C.; - gllrden td/lm-ra W:
Knng ll1tl::I!I·-pu.
Knapsack A'om; Ci·ka lV.
K nil rill I'd::i-ba.
Knec rma-llIo; - joint sgyid-pa; - [Inn Ma-
fiu.
Knifc [In.
Knit sM-bu.
Knock s, (the sound of knocking) tflg-ui9;
there is - la[l-t«g ::tI' W:
Knocker )'tlln.
Knot s. lIIdud.pa 273; md::er-pa 4G3•
Know 8OJ-pa, ,;o-sts-pa, rig-pa, re,,;p.
mA'ycn-pa, 1!CIJ-ZX1 C: to - by heart lEa-
tlm-dll ses-pa.
Knowlcilge "Y!JIls, "iv-pa, SCf-pa.
Kilo wn ndj. ''Y!J1ls-yod-pa, 'ta-jod-pa: not
rlo{.IIIM, "Y!J1/1-mcd-pa, Ca-1IlM-pa.
KnIlckle knuckles used lIS dice
blfJ/;-mfJ.
Kunawar ". ,{'rt-m'40.
L
LII i r (sa,;.
Lake m(:w.
1,lIma bllI-tIla; Gmud - bla(-IIiIl) cen-po.
I,amb 1"1/1.1, lugi/II.
LlIme adj. za-bu, rka,j-r.lulII.
J,lI.ulcll !Jrlllll-pll.
I,amcnt "h. n. 8I1lre-ba, 11l!1a-Hull b!jid-/Kl,
co_tie
w..llt, .o-lldd.
1"lIll P '/11111'- JluI, 'f/I'OII- 1IIa, 'oH-gu, -':!!IJI-
mar'_pa- rl:!JOH-ue
l'RID!)b1"cK &gI'(m-dJ''!Js.
640 Lampoon
- -
Life
Lampoon
s.
sgo-yig.
Lan d s.
(cultivated)
kluiis; (dry
land)
skam-
sa;
owner
zih-bddg.
Landlord
(of
a
house)
bran-dpon', (of
the
ground) sa-bddg.
La n d s c
ap
e
sa-ynds.
Landslip
sa-rud.
Lane lam-sran.
Language
skad,
sgra;
master
skad-pa.
Languid nyams-cun, nyams-fag-pa, ycoii-
ba
.,
sed-med W.
;
to
get rgod-pa.
Lantern
sgron-ma, paper goii-zu.
Lap
s.
(coat-tail) grwa;
(bosom) pan, resp.
sku-pdii.
Lard s.
grod-fsil.
Large rgyas-pa, cen-po, rgya-cen-po, yam-
pa.
Lark
co-ga, lco-ga;
ca-cir Ld.
Larynx
Ikol-mdud,
'ol-mdud.
Last
adj. rjes 181,
fa-ma
226, pyi-ma,
rtin-
ma
W.] night
mdan;
will
Ka-cems,
bka-cems;
year Ka-niii, sna-lo,
na-niii.
Last vb. n.
O
fso-ba.
Lasting adj. rtag-po.
Lastly
mfar
240.
Latches.
/or-gydg, /or-yya.
Late
pyi-mo;
later
(subsequent) pyi-ma',
to be late
O pyi-ba.
Lately da-ci, *de-zag-la*
275.
Lath
Icam,
pyam.
Lathe
skor-spydd.
Latter
pyi-ma.
Lattice dra-ba.
Laudable
stod-^.os.
Laugh
vb. n.
dgod-pa, rgod-pa, bzad-pa.
Laughter gad-mo, rgod.
Laurel,
leaf *sin-fse lo-ma'W.
Law
krims,
bka-Krims
;
to
go
to *fim zu-
ce* W.
Lawsuit
If/nmSj Krim-sdys.
Lawyer Krims-pa.
Lax
adj. kyom.
Laxative s. bsal-smdn.
Lay
vb. a.
snyol-ba, sgyel-ba, bsnyal-tebzag-
pa; Ogrems-pa;
to
-
aside
skyun-ba, Opud-
pa;
to on
Ogel-ba, stad-pa;
to out
(to
expend) skyag-pa, Odzugs-pa
; (to plan)
O
god-pa; (to
display) ycal-ba;
to over
(to
spread over) sgron-pa;
to
up
bkri-
ba,
bdog-pa.
Layman
Jlyim-pa, gaii-zdg; mi-nag skye-
bo
29.
Laziness
le-lo, le-lo-nyid.
Lazy
le-lo-can,
kyan-Kyon
W.
Lead s.
za-nye, za-ne, ra-nye;
rin-di
W.;
-
pencil yya-fig, Jbri-smyiig.
Lead vb. a.
Krid-pa. fog O
dren
-pa,
sna
Odren-pa.
Leaf lo-ma.
Leak vb. n. rdol-ba.
Lean
adj. skam-si, skem-po, zag-med.
Lean vb.
(against) snye-ba.
Leap
vb.
mcoii-ba, Q par-ba.
Learn
slob-pa.
Learned
aoj. mKas-pa.
Learning
s.
rig-pa, ses-pa.
Lease
s.,
to take a
nyo-ba.
Leather s.
ko-ba, ko-lpags,
bse\
~
shoe ko-
krdd,
sieve
ko-fsag.
Leave s.
ynan-ba;
of absence
bka-bkrol,
dgons-pa ;
to take v.
pyag
347.
Leave vb.
ojog-pa, yton-ba, Jbor-ba.
Leaven s zo-riW.
;
v. ru-ma
531.
Lecture s.
glen-brjod, gleh-mo.
Lecturer
sgrog-pa-po
;
-
'
s chair cos-Kri.
Leech s.
lcrag-
ftin- bu W.
;
srin-bu
pad-ma.
Leek
sgog-pa.
Left
adj. yyon-pa",
hand
yyon-
ma;
-
handed
)'yon-lag-byed-pa; gyog-po.
Leg rkan-pa.
Legalize
bkar
-
Odogs-pa.
Legend sgruns.
Legendary
tales rnam-fdr.
Leisure
Ion, cog-ka;
to have
cog-pa.
Lemon
gam-bu-ra, spyod-pdd.
Lend
yyar-ba.
Length dkytis, rin-Kydd,
srid.
Leopard yzig\
snow
-
ysa.
Leprosy
rno,
mdze.
Lessen vb. n.
Ogrib-pa; je-nyun je-nyuh-
bar
Ogyur-ba.
Lesson s. k
c
a-ta, resp. zal-ta;
rgyugs
W.
Lest
conj.
v.
dogs-pa
258.
Let vb.
(to in,
to loose
etc.) yton-ba',
jug-pa II,
no. 2 178
Letter
(of
the
alphabet) yi-ge\ (epistle)
yi-ge, resp. bka-sog;
case
yi-gei
subs.
Lettuce Idum.
Level vb. a.
snyoms-pa.
Lever
yso-mo.
Liar
Kram-pa, zog-can.
Libation
mcod-pa,
mcod-ston 166.
Libel s.
sgo-yig.
Liberal
mig-ydns.
Liberate
Ogrol-ba.
Liberty far-pa,
ran-dbdn;
to be at
cog-
pa.
Libidinous
cags-sred-
can, col-pa.
Librarian
deb-fer-pa.
Library kun-dga-ra-ba; yig-Kan.
Lick vb.
Idag-pa.
Lid
Ka-tfebs, Jca-gdb, Ka-yc6d, /ca-leb;
cab-
ma.
Lie s.
rdzun, sob,
sab-sob W.
Lie vb.
(to
tell a
lie)
rdzun smra-ba
orbyed-
pa.
Lie vb
(down) nyal-ba;
to with
*fig-pa
co-ce*
W.,
bso-ba.
Life
srog, Ofso-ba,
yson-pa,
fse
450; long
nam Jsoi
bar-du.
640
LruDllOOn - Life
So Sfl')-yig.
!.an d 6. (dry land)al'lllll-
3a; - owner !:ili-bddg.
J.anlllord (ofn house) brall-(/plm; -- (of
the ground) sa.{xJag.
LIID cis cape sa-rna".
I,j\lldslip ro-/'lid.
Lane lam-sf-cui.
L,\llgullA'C skad,8!Jra; - mastl·,. sJ:tul-pa.
J.J[lnguid nyalJl$-bui, nya1ll8-fay-plt, yro",-
ba C., W-med w.; to get - ''fIOd-pa.
Lnntcrn 1$fJ''Qll--mu, IlIlller - fIO,i-::U.
Lnl) s. c.c.oat-tail)gm·(l; (bosolll) pmi, rcs!'.
Skll-pall.
l.Jurd s. grod-'sil.
l.Jurge T!JYas-pa, cen-po, rgya-ccn-po,!JaJ;s-
pa.
Lurk tv-ya, lro-Yll; ea-Cit rAl.
LUL'Yox lkol-mdlid, 'ol-mdud.
J,ast adj. rjes 181, fa-rna 11I.i-ma, I'ti,;-
ma tv.; - night '/IIdal'; - will Ra-cfnu,
bk«-cem8j - year 8Ila-&!, !la-llbi.
l.Jllst \'b. D. ofw-ba.
Lasting adj. rfafNJO.
{,astly mfm' 210.
I,atch S. ]Qr-gYGg, ,/o'l'-yya.
Late JfIP-1IW; 'later hti-ma;
to be late ofr-ba.
Lately da-h, dt-zag-la· 241).
Lath learn, p'yam.
Lathc sJror-fpydd.
Latter pyi_ma.
l,attice dra-ba.
i,uudable ftod-#Q$.
:Lnugh vb. n. dgod-l"', l"gOfl-pa, bzad-pfl.
r.aughtcr gad-mo, rgod.
J,aurel, - to-ma'n'.
Law l:rims, bka-J.'rimf; to go to - ·(im ill.-
ee" W
La"'suit friTlV!, A.'rjm";dV"
i,awyer Jirj1/l1l-pa.
J.nx a.dj. kyom.
I.nxative ><. b8al-.mdn.
Lay ,·b. a. s1Iyo1-ba, .gyel-ba, &myol-teb'Zag-
pa; ofJl'<mu-pa; to aside J.,lfwi-ba, o]'JUd-
pa; to - un #l-ba, stad-pa; to - out
(to eXllend) skyug-pu, odzugs-pa; (to plan)
cf]Od-JJa; (t() display) rcal-ba; to - o,-er
(to SIII'Carl O\'er) .gl'on·pa; to - up bkri-
b" bd"IJ'pa.
La)'wnn Kgim-pa, gUli-zdg; ml-Ilag skye-
bo
ncss le_]o, u-lo-'tlJljJ.
Lazy k-lo-cun, k!Ja,i-J.:/jd,i W.
Lend s. zu-tlye, za-ne, J'a-nye; ,·in·di IV.:
- renci1 yyu-{ig, obri-fmYlig.
1,ea( dl. a. ofl'jd-pa, fog odl'en-pa, .na
odl'en-pa.
Leaf 10-mo.
I.leak vb. n. rdol-ba. Dig
Lean ndj. skam-3i, skem-po, zag-mAl.
Lean vb. (nA:uillst) s1IJlt-6a.
Leap vb. mCQli-ba, ol,w'-ba.
J,elUn M(J.t-pa.
[,earned ndj. mfas-pa.
],earning s. rig-pa, Ae!;-l'a.
Lease s., 10 take a - nyo-ba.
Lenth e r s. 1«>-6tl, J,'o-lpags.OOe; 1;hoe ko-
kl'dd; - siere lV)·(say.
J.en ve s. mo,i-ba; - of nh.scnce bka-bklV)l,
dgo';s-ptl; to luke - v. l)yag 317.
],e:lve vb. Jog"pa, rW'l-Va, 060,,-ba.
l.e:\\·cn S :o-l1·W.; v. n/-ma 53\.
I,ecture s. gleli-l"Jod, gkil.-1Jw.
Lecturer chair
I.eech s. fl"ltg-o{u,i-obu W.; patl-ma.
l.eek SflOy·pa.
Left adj. yyon-pa; - hand J'yon-7J/a;
handed }-yon-log-IflJtxl-]Ja; !/yog-po.
LeA" rkUli-pa.
I,egaI i 7.C bJ.:(II'_od()(,p-po.
I.,cgcnd •.
J.c/;:,cn dary tal es l'1lam_{dJ'.
Leisure uNi, i:og-ka; to ha\'c i:og-pa.
J.,emon ga1ll-b,l-ra, 3J.lgod-pdd.
I.end yyw'-ba.
Lcngth (Il"!JIUI, riti-/..!Jdd, ,rid.
l.eorard Fig; snow - f$(},.
r,errosy f'lio, md::e.
vb. n. ofJ,ib-pa; )e-1IYII,i )c-"ywi-
bal' 09!JlIl'-lJa.
1,e880n s. ftvla, rcsp. zal-Ia; "fJY'lflf W:
[,cst (;()nj. v. dO<J3-pa 2;-.s.
I.et \'b. (10 - in, to - etc.) rlo,;·ba;
J'lg.pa IT, no.2 17f\
1,etter (oflhe alphaLet) !Ii-fie; (epistle)
Iji-ye, resp. bka.Ady; - e,ISe yi-yd 8Uln.
1.ettucc /dr/Ill.
Lcvel vb. ll. slIyO'JJlS-pa.
T,ever fW-mo,
Liar l'rfM'-pll, :::O[I-I:an.
T,iblltion mOOd-pa, mctJ(l-suJ1I 166.
Libel s. SfjO-yig.
I.iberal mig.ydli3.
I,iberate 09/'ol-lJa.
Libcrt}' (ar-pa, "wi-dbdn; to bcat- 'Cog-

" ..1' "I
.,1 IUlnous cags-srw,-clln, oCQ -pll.
!,ibrarian deb-fer-pa.
Lib fa r)' kun-dga-l'a-b(t; .ljig-/iak
Lick vb. ldag-pa.
l,id Ka-feQ", lla-vdb, lia-yCdd, k"a-leb; 'Cab-
mil.
Lie 1;. I-d:::U1I, lob, W
Lie vb. (to tell Il. lie) l'ti:::un .mra-ba orbyed-
f'·
T,le vb (down) Ilyal-fm; 10 - with ·(i9-1'«
i;Q-i;e. lV, M!J·b«.
Life SI'Og, o(3Q-ba, pwn-pa, (se 450; - long
fl/llll .(3di bar-du.
Lilt
Lynx
ill
Lift vll. '"'
s
/""''
/
'"<
Li
-
in -.
,,
.
l-i^lit adj. (uot heavy) ;j(iii-j><>; (not dark)
tikya-bo\
blue
m'io-sky<t
;
gray
dtar-
.s/;//^; green l}ti/<
-
slci/n;
red <//(//-
ilnnir\
yellow
wr-ski/it.
Light
vl. ;i.
.S'/''""-/'"-
xl'iir-ha.
I ,
IU
h I n i ii
^
.--.
///"//,
<//i>t/-/.-(t,
fog.
Like
adj. (similar)
/ntii/iiin-/ni, ////.N-////.S-/'".
/.s<>r/.s-s, II'.; adv.
(in
the same
manner)
//r>. //<//'. unit-fur \\'.
1
'.
Lik c
vl). a. . . . A/
dgn-ba.
Like I ili ood /io.
Likeness
/co,
CO.
Li ke\\ ise
Li in I
inni
Lime rdo-zo.
Limit s. ?rcfa
Lille s.
//y;
i.
Lineage
biyyud, rigs,
rigt-brgy&d,
ttts,
rKX-
pa.
Linger Oyor-ba.
Lining
s. naii-x<i.
Lion
seh-ge;
lioness
seh-ye-mo.
Lip Ka-lpdgs,
mcu,
Ka-mcu.
Liquid
s.
/cu-ba,
rlan-rlon.
L i ^t s.
fo;
of
goods rjed-bydii.
Listen
nyan-pa.
Literature
cos, I'ig-pa.
Litter s.
(palanquin)
Had, tfyogs,
(bier) dgu-Kri
C.
Little
adj. cun-ba, nyun-ba, p'ra-ba, pran,
j>ran-bu,
dman-pa.
Little
fsrim
ba.
Live vb. n.
(to
be
alive) yson-pa
591; (to
dwell)
ynas-pa
310, Odug-pa
277, Jtod-pa
56; (to behave) Ognd-ba
100;
to
by
or
on za-ba
485, O
fso-ba 460.
Lively ycan-po, Kram-pa.
Liver
mcin-pa
165-
1 1 i / ard
skyin-gor, da-byid, ryay-ciyLd.
103,
ma-la-la-tse Ld. 40i>.
L
i >
a d s.
Kal, Kur, rgyab, ryyab-Kal
107, sgal
114,
cfos
260.
Load vb. a.
Oycl-ba, O
tfel-ba
Loadstone Kab-len.
Loaf
kor-k&r,
dog
W. -j.'iT.
Loan s.
skyin-pa.) resp. kar-skyin.
Locality ynas, skye-ynds
28.
Lock s.
(of hair) ral-pa.
Lock s.
(of
a
door) li-ags, *go-cag* C.,
ku-
liy
W.
Lock vb. a.
ycod-pa;
to
up Ogegs-i><i;
gar-te orgyan-du
bor-ce
W.,
v.
xgyoii-ba
119.
Locust
fsa-ga- bu, ca-ga-
bu.
Lodgings ynas-far/'t. ,/'/v</i-sa.
Log dog
W,
,u n-
an-u,
man-pa.
tle s.
(a little) cig,
cuti, cun-ziy, fig-
rim, fsa-big, 'a-fsigW.,
a-liC.\ adj.
cu/t-
-
.
i
/'i/-J>(i.
adj.
riii-bn,
i//.i/iis-n/i'
as as v.
866.
Long
vb. n.
rkam-pa, skam-pa, ydun-ba,
pa.
Look vb.
(to view)
Itu-lm.
ivsp.
yziy&-pa\
(to appear)
,s/////;-/m; to at Or OH O8-
/?;
to down
upon Ogyiii-ba;
to
U|M.II
as
sgom-pa.
Look s.
Ita-statis,
/io: out
so,
bso.
Loose
adj. kyom, Ihod-pa.
Loose,
Loosen vb. a.
glod-pa, cgi'ol-ba.
Looseness Km-ba.
L
op
vb. a.
^rum-pa.
Lord s.
mgon-po, jo-bo, rje-bo, dpon-po,
dban-po, yfso-bo;
of the manor
yzi-
bddg.
Lose
rlog-pa, Obud-pa
W.
;
to colour
dkyug-pa
;
to be lost stor-ba.
Loss
yud^ g
un
, 9d, god-pa, god-ma.
Lot s.
"(fortune)
skal-'ba, resp.
sku-skdl;
las-
bskos
(v. sko-ba}\ pya,',
to cast lots mo
Odebs-pa, rgyan rgyab-pa
107, rtags-ril
btan-ba W. 212.
Lotus
ku-mu-da, pad-ma
322.
Loud
mfon-po,
skad
cen-po.
Louse s.
sig.
Love vb. a.
cags-pa, *cags-zen
co-ce*
W.,
yduii-ba, Opreii-ba,
brtse-ba,
mdza-ba
461,
*zen- dzin co-ce*
W.,
yces-par byed-pa
or
Odzin-pa.
Love s.
cags-pa, snyi/i-brtse-ba, resp. fugs-
brtse-ba, duns-pa,
dran-sems, byams-pa,
byams-sems.
Lover
Odod-grogs, mdza-grogs, bzan-grogs',
O
dod-m/can.
Low
dma-mo, dman-pa; snyan-pa.
Lower
adj., part
of a
thing smad,
sci.
ysam,
sod;
of the
body
ro-smdd.
Lowland
smad,
man-c<i<l.
Tjuck
s., good ^is,
bad
rkyen.
L u c k
y bkra-sis-pa.
Luggage ca-l<i;i.
Lukewarm mal-la-muI- le.
Luminous
^d-can.
Lump gon-po, go/i-bu, gog, dog.
Lunar
zla-bai;
'
mansions
rgyu-skar
ill.
Lunch,
Luncheon s. dro 264.
Lungs glo-ba.
Lurk
syuy-pa, Jab-ste sdod-pa, Ikog-jab
byas-te
Ita-ba.
Lurking-place
bskuiis-sa.
Lust s
Odod-pa, Odod-cags, cays-pa,
ro-tsa.
Lustful
cags-sri'd-can,
O col-pa.
Ijustre
bkrag, Q
fser-ba.
Lynx %/.
,
41
1\4 I
1, i ft "b. A-"',wl, qA!l0Y-fI", o,lf!JI"pll, ,}H)/'-bo.,
ohJ'w-bll, U,i-(Jil.
I,i,:tht 3IUui-ba.
I. i I-: II I lIdj. (\lot JICl\I}') If/Hi·po; (nol,]nj'k)
d"!J'l-bo; - blue 3,io-,1J/Ilj - ':Tl\}' ,lkt/l...
,J,yu; - green Qm'" U.?/II; - rell (1)':/11'-
.dmwOj - )'cllow u,<'u:yll.
LII;bt ,"b.ll. YJI'Q/l-/HI, Jxno.ba.
s. yfOf/> glog-k,/, {Of}
I,ike lHlj. ("illlilar) '/IlI/yaUl-JIlI, 1III,$/II'3-l'a,
W.; lid". (in the l;:lntC mlUllHlr)
till, 11m', nan-tal' 11': C.
I, i k(' vb. n.... IIJ dOli-bu.
I.ikclihooll no.
Likeness h:o,::o.
I,ikcwisc !Ian.
Lilli b .'Jun-ill!!_
"imc 1'«0-::0.
I,imit s. mfa, mil.
I.ine s. fig; yi[H)/'r».
Lineage bl'!J!llId, 1';9', '·;gs-lJr!I.'/,id, I'm,
1lI-8·pa.
I.inser oDOr-JJI.I.
I,inlllg s.
lioness /W1i-rjf'-1llo.
l,ip ka-/pdgt., 111(-11, 1..'0-1I1'l'I,
t. i qui d s. flt-hu, ,·lull-do'l.
List s. (0; - of goods fjed-b!Ja,;.
Listen JI!lan:r1.
I,iterature
tter s. (palanqUin) fad, K!JCfl3, ol"y<Jgs;
(bier) df/u-I.!,.i (,'.
I.ittle ndj. ell/i-ba, lIywj-ba,pl'a-ba,l".an,
"'rall-bu, dman-pa.
Llltle s. (1\ little) Ny. Clui, i1I1i.zir;, (ig-
(lam, (Ia-b;y, 'a-(I;g lV., u-li C; adj. cllli-
"'.
Live I·b. n. (to be alive) YSOIl-pa on; (to
dwell) rnas-pa 810, "dug'pa 2", "lfod-pa
56; (to bellnve) c1Jrul-lxt, 100; to - b)' or
ou 48,), o(so-ba. 400.
Live!)' }'cmi-po, I':'·am-pa.
I,iver JIlcin-ptl1G6.
1, i 1: II rll sJ.yill-g6r, da-o!lfd, IYJClg-i:ig Ld.103,
lII.c/-la-la-tsti I.d. .IO!I.
1.0 lid s. I.'al, I.ilt·, I'f}!lab, 'YJyab-I.'u1101, 19a1
114, 21:iI'.
I,ou{] vb. n. ogcl-ba, "lid-oa

Loaf kQt'-Mr, (log IV. 257.
I,oan s. Ikyi'I"]J!l. resjl.
1,0ealiLy r1/(l&, J:ye-yllas 2$.
I,ock s. (of hllir) l·ai-JXl.
Lock s. (of a door) It:a[j1, "go-rUt" C., kll-
tig W.
Lock vb. n. yi:od-l'll; to - up e!Jtys-/'llj
gm--/iorg!Ju,i-dlllmr-ct lV., v. 119.
(/la-yu-"ou, cu-gll-obl/..
I.od II: In gs Y.ldJ-(swi, "bl'a,i-sa.
Log cloy 11'.
1.0J(ic ($l/(l-ma, ,.igs-]lCI.
I,oins "kal-lllI.
Loiter "go,.-I.m.
I.oncly rlbnt"]JIl.
Long adj. l'i,i_l)/l,c/l:'!IU_I'i"j l\S I'. oar
3lJ6.
t. 0n g vb. n. rkam-pa, "'ClIII-PCI, r"lIit-ba,
:en1
Kl

Look vb. (to view) ita-btl, resp. Y::l[Js-fJa;
(to apllei\r) U1u,;-bCl; kI - IH or on lI()1-
1m; to - dOll'n upon to - UraD
Ill> IoIJOtil-pa.
Look s. lta-stalis, lio; - out '0, bto.
Loose Allj. l'!fOlII, IltOd-pa.
Loose, I,oosen vb. :1. glodwpa, dP'O'-ba.
I,ooseness
1,011 vb. a. o!Jl"ltrll-pa.
I,ord li. fJltJlm-po, )0'00, Ije-ho, dpon-l'o,
dba/i-po, rfw-OOi - of thc mallor rzi-
May.
r,ose rlOfJ-pa, ,,6I1d-l)(/ W; to -colour
dA'!jug-l'a; to be I01>L stor-ba.
Loss !flU1, gun, [JOd, god'pa, fJOd-ma.
J,ot s. (fortunc) skal-oa, rcsp. sJ.-u-M.:d1; las-
lMA'03 (v. sko-oa); I/!Ja; to cast lots 1710
qdtlA-pa. rg!lan rgyab-l'a 10" r(ays-,.;l
iI/a,i-oa 212.
Lotus I.."U-IIIIv-da, lxu1-ma 32":?
Loud m(OI/-po, sA'ad '{en-po.
T.ouse s. Mg.
1.0 ve vb. a. 'tUfJS-pCI, "cags-zm Co-ce'" 11'.,
yd/lli·hu, "li,.eli-bCl, brfle.ba, lIld:a-ba 4GI,
"d::in cNe" W, bp-pa or
,,<bin.pa.
J,ove s. cags-pa, tin!Ji,j-b"tu-ba, resp. {1{[lS-
ortse-ba, dw;'-pa, d"all-ullls, b!lams-pa,
o!JUlTl:l-sems.
L°ver "clotl-g""!Js, IIlrl::a-gr09S, o::ait-Vf'O!ls;
"dodwmJ.'alt.
I,ow dmaplllQ, dman-pa; sIlJlan-fJa.
I,ower ndj., - part of l\ thlllg smad, iam,
)'SOIlt, Jodi - - of the body I.'fHIllad.
Lowland smud, man-cdd.
Luck s., gOOl.\ - AM, ulld - rkp.
I,ueky okra-sis-JXl.
Luggage ca.ldg.
LukeWI\rm mal-lri-mlll-it.
Luminous
I,u m p gOl'-PO, [IOli-bu, !JOY, dog.
I,unt\! ::ia-bai; - mansions rg!J/t-l/wr 111.
[,unch, Luncheon s. lira 2('....
1, II ngs g{l).oa.
Lurk 3f/uy'pa, Jab-ste IMlod-pa, lkay-Jab
o1Jus-te lta-ba.
Lurking-pilice hsA.·IO;WU.
Lust s "dod-pa, "dod-i!/I!fS, CUflS-p«,I'O-tila.
I,ostfol cags-fired-can, "Col-pa.
1.0sLre bIr.:raf/, ,,(sn--ba.
Lynx do!)i, )',Yi.
.1
642
Mace
Meagre
M
Mace
(club) ga-da.
M :i chine
p>'id-Q
Kor.
Mad
smyon-pa;
to be
smyo-ba.
Madam,
dear bzin-bzan-ma.
Madder,
btsod.
Madness
Jcrulpa, smyo-Jbog.
Magazine
f
son-Kan,
mdzod.
Maggot
sa- bu.
Magic
s.
Oprul; adj. prul-(/yi',
-
sentence
yzuhs;
tricks co-
prul;
wheel
Oprul-
Kor.
Magician Jba-po.
Magistrate Oyo-pa, Qgo-yodLd.;
village
yul-dpon.
Magnificence rnam-pa, dpal, dpal-byor,
byin.
Magnolia tsam-pa-ka.
Magpie skya-ga,
ka-ta Kra-bo.
Maid,
Maiden
bu-mo; lady's
zal-ta-
ma;
servant
Kol-mo, yyog-mo.
Mail
(armour) Krab, ya-ldd.
Maim vb.a.
pran ycod-pa, sug-pa Odreg-pa.
Main
adj. mcog,
v. also
yzun; dogma
ysun-mcog;
~
point'
don
259,
ynad;
-
substance
no-bo-nyid.
Maintain
smra-ba, Odod-pa, resp.bzed-pa;
smras-pa-la brtan-par ynas-pa. \tsdb
375.
Maitreya byams-pa mgon-po
109;
vgyal-
Majestic rnom-bag-can, yzi-brjid-can.
Majesty
r
ham-pa, rhom-brjid.
Make vb. a.
byed-pa, eleg. bgyid-pa,
resp.
mdzad-pa, sgrub-pa, O ca-ba,
bzo-ba,
jug-
pa,
bco-ba;
to be made
Ogrub-pa.
Maker
mdzad-po.
Malabar
ma-la-ya.
Male
adj. ^50;
child
Kyeu; bu;
person
skyes-pa.
Malediction
byad, byad-stem(s).
Malice
ynod-sems.
Malicious
blo-nycs.
Mallow
cam-pa
ta-lo.
Man s.
(human being) mi,
rkah-ynyis-pa',
lans-gro, sky
c-
bo, skyes-bu,
gan-zag; (male)
po, skyes-pa;
servant
Kol-po, bran-Mi;
waiting zal-ta-pa.
Mane
riwg, ltag-#pu.
Manger
Kyi-yzon;
bres.
Manifest
adj. mnon-pa.
Manifestly
nos-su.
Manifold
sna-fsogs, sna-mah-ba; pal-cer.
Mankind
skye-bo, skye-dgu, skye-rgu;
mi-
rabs,
mi-rigs.
Manly Kyo-gai; age
dar-ma.
Manner
fsul,
lugs, rnam-pa
no.
4,313; stabs,
stans, sgros,
cos no.
5,
163.
Mansion,
lunar
rayu-skar
111.
Manufacture s. bzo.
Manufacture
vb.a.
Ogod-pa,sgrub-pa,
bco-
ba,
bzo-ba.
Manure
s.
lud;
vb.a. lud
yton-ba.
Many mah-po,
du-ma, dgu,
a
good ga-
cen;
how ?
du;
so
de-snyed.
Map
s.
bkod-pa,
zih-bkod
W.;
*sa-fa* C.
Maple yya-li
Sik.
March vb.n.
Ogrod-pa, Qgrul-ba;
to about
Ogrim-pa.
March s.
rkan-grds.
Mare
rgod-ma,
mo-rta.
Margin nos, zur,
mt'a.
Marigold gur-kum. [bkur-sti.
Mark s.
rtags, mfsan(-ma);
of honour
Market fson-
dus; place
fcrom.
Marmot
pyi-ba, Opyi-ba.
Married
adj.,
a man or woman
Jcyim-
tab;
a woman
bdag-tu byas-pai
bud-
med;
to
get (both
of man and
woman)
Kyo-sug-tu O
du-ba
276; (of
a
woman)
mi
zig-gi
cuh-mar
byed-pa
159.
Marrow
rkan; no-bo-nyid; spinal
klad-
Marry
vb. a.
(to
take a
wife)
cuh-ma len-
pa; (to
unite in
matrimony) Kyo-sug-tu
sdud-pa.
Mars
mig-dmdr.
Marsh
gram-pa; O
dam.
Marvelous
(no)
mfsar-ba
456;
v. also
ya-
mt'san-po
505.
Mask s.
Obag.
Mason
rtsig-bzo-pa.
Masquerade Obag-Q
cam.
Mass
(lump) gon-po, (heap) puh-po, (bulk)
limn, (multitude) Krod-pa.
Mast
(flag-staff) dar-po-^e.
Master
mgon-po, mha-bddg,bdag-po,dpon-
Mat s. stan.
[po.
Match s.
(equal) Ka-ya,
do;
v. car
156;
v.
ya 504; (lunt) pa-til, pa-til.
Matchless
Ogran-zla-med-pa,
Ogran-ya-
med, do-med,
mfsuns-med.
Mate s.
(companion)
do-zla; ya-do
W.
Material s.
rgyu.
Material
adj.
dnos-can, yzugs-can.
Mathematician
rtsis-pa.
'
Matter s
(substance) rg-yu, dhos-po,
rdzas,
zan-zin;
(in physics) bem-po,yzugs; (pus)
cu-ser, cu-rnag, rnag.
Matter
vb.n.;
it does not can mi
sto;
what does it ? ci sto.
Mattock
?or, tog-tse.
Mattress sob-stdn.
Maw
Ikog-sog, ze-bug.
Maxim
bka-rtags.
Meadow
span, span-po,
ne-fdn,
ne-ma.
Meagre skem-pa, rid-pc
Mace - Mcngre
M
)Illce (clllb) !Ja..f{a.
:\lllcbine olind-ofor.
.:\lnd 3myon-lla; 10 lJe - smyo.ba.
:\'{adllTn, deM - b!:in_bza';_ma.
;\lll.dder.bmoo.
)1 nd )'I"ul pa, amyo-JxjfJ·
Magazine (ao,i-I.'III;, mJ;;;ed.
){ngll;ot sa-/JU.
.Mngi c s. otirul; :t1i. ol)I'ul-!!yi; -
rztoia; -trick,. ro-oimll; - wheel 0"'1'/11-
)'01".
MagiciAn oba-po.
Magistrate 090-pa, o!!0-!pl ul.; "illllge-

Magnificence 1",iam-pa, dJ)(l{, dpal-b!J6r,
byill.
Magnolia taam-pa-ka.
Magpie J,pa-rJu, ka-tu J;ro-bo,
Maid, :\lalden [,/I_mo; lady's - ::al·ta-
ma; - sen'allt !.'al-mo, )'YfI[I-mo.
Mail (armour) A"rab, ya-lad.
Y aim vb.a. rCod-pa, ISug-pa odre:r-pa.
Main adj. 1Il'EOf/, v. abo )'!::loi; - dagma
)"8/1h - mCog; - point'llr:m 2"'J9, ynad; -
substallce IiO-«>-tl!Jid.
Mni II tai n Wlra-ba, o'/od-pa, rcsp. b::ed-ZIa;
,mra3-pa-la brtan-par ynalJ1Ja. [t84b 316-
1O'J; 1'!llJal-
:\lajestlc rZI-bl:)id-i:un.
Majesty rliam-pa, l'IiU1/l-b':)id.
Make vb. a. {,ycd-l'u, clcg. brJyid.pa, resp.
mdzad-pa, 8f!T'lIl;pa, la-loa, b::o-b«, JU!J-
pa, bi:o-bu; to bo mMe o.'1rub-pa.
Maker md::ad-po.
Malahar rna-la-!Ja.
Male adj'lio; - ehiltll.'yc1t; bu; - person
'h.JCS""pa,
Mrllcdiction blJud, bywl'8tem(8}
Mali e e ynod-S/·TIUJ.
blo-IIYCs.
:\(llllow ('um-pu fa·[o.
)lun s. (hUlmln being) 1/Ii, l'kw'-yllyi!-paj
lalill-!J''O, Myr8' bu,fJa,i-::afJ; (ruale)
]'h, M-yes-pa; - Sel'YlInt kol-po, bran-f6l;
waiting - ::al-fa-pli.
:\.1 II nc r,iO/f, UafJ-8pll,
)1 lIng-er £'1Ji-yz6,,;
.Manifest adj. 1111;01l-pu.
Manifestly liOll-8U.
,\lanifold ma-(SQg8, 8na-mali-bll; pal·ril',
.Mankind, d:!le-bo, M'!Je-dfJu, M:!Je-r{Ju; mi-
raN, 1/l1-rl[l8.
Manly kyo-ga,; - age (Jw'-ma,
Mauller (sill, hUI1l, mam-pa no. 4,:U3' stabs
v oJ -- ."
sta,i8, 8fJlY}8, COB nO.5, IG3.
Mansion, IUDnr - "!Jyu·skar lll.
Manufacture 8, 11=0.
Manu facture vb.n. o!JOd.pa, 8{/I'f1b-/1I1, Mo-
bu, bzo..lJa.
.:\1 a nure s. Iud; vb. 0.. llld rtoil-ba.
:\1allY mali-po, du..rna, d[jU, a good - !Ja-
chi: how -? rIu; so - tle-snyb./,
'\Il\p s. bkod-p<:" zj,i-bkod w.; -3a.{u· C.
:\laplc Sil.:.
March v[,.n, o!Irod-pa, ofIrul-ba.; to -abont
ofIrim-pa.
Murch s. I'kwi-fJrQ8.
Mare lyod-'IIlU,
Mar!l"in ,i08, ZUI', m(a.
i\hflgold 9ur-I.:um. rbKIIl'-8ti.
i\lnrk S. 1'ta93, m(sun(-ma); - ot honour
Market (so"-pdlls; - place
,\1 armot P:lji-bU, oliyi-ba.
.Married adj., a - man or womlln
tab; II - woman bda,'1.fu bYa8·pai bud-
med; to g-ct - (both of man unlI woman)
i11l..lJa ZiG; (of a womlln) mi
z'!!"!Ji clui-mal' byed-pa 109.
.Marrow l'I.:all; ,io-bo-nyid; spillal - Hall-
YZ/lIi,
Marry vb. a. (to take Il wife) cUli-ma len-
pa; (to nnitc in mntritnony)
sdud-p(l.
Mars mig-Jmar.
Marsll fJI'am-pa; otlam.
Marvelous (,io) m(8ar-{,a 456; v. aho yo.-
m(wn·po !lO/J.
Mnsk s. oba.!}.
Masou J'tslg-{,:o-pu.
Masquerade obU{j-ocam.
)lass (lump) fJ0';-ro, (heap) puu-po, (blllk)
Ilmll, (multitude) L'rod-pa.
(Ilug-staff) dUJ'-ptJ-"lc.
.ill aster mg(m-po, 1mia-bdag, &Jag-po, dpm-
Mat s.8/un. [po.
)lalch s. (equal) ka-yu, do: v, cal' 106; V.
!Ja 00 I; (Iunt) ll(l-til, pa-til.
Matcltlcss ofll'Un-zla-med-pa, oflron-.lJa-
wuJd, do-mM, m(slI,i8-mCt!.
.Male Ii. (companion) do-::la; !Ja-do W.
Material S. r!!!flI'
Material allj. IM08.can, yZIl[J8-can,
Mathematicia.n J'Ui8-l'a.
. ntter,. r[JYU, dl;OS'PO, 1'l/zas,
zUli-z;',; (in bcm-pO,)'ZlIf/8; (pllS)
('714e1', CIt-l'1la!!, rnag.
Mauer vb.n.; it does not - i:0I' mi 81n;
whut does it -? Ci. sto.
Mattock 0101', tog-/8e.
5Ob-3tdn.
Maw lkOtJ-WfJ, ::e-bu!J.
Maxim 6ka-ltUf/8,
:Mendow 8pali, 8pa,i-po, ne-fdn, l1e-ma,
Meagre ,kenl-pa, rid-pa..
Meal Missive
643
M ral
(Hour)
Mean
adj. ;fi/i-/id, /t/i-/><i, />txtti/-/xi.
Mfllll \\i.i/n-/>H<
Xltl/dlH-jHI,
t
lln-fii:
s-y/
ll(l///l-
jxi
510.
M
failing
s.
/WII/I-JHI. resp. <Ay/;s-//;
>l<<.
Means s.
y/v/A.s.
/</A.s; l>\ all HI-*
-
/><tr.
i/d/t-i/i* Lii<n'i,
<Vx
ki/a/r,
by
no
r4*tkdn\
Ity
\\liat ?
<V.s;
by
of
syo-nas
n;>
Measure s. */<//-/*</</.
A/v,
/>//</,
/.s</,/: to
take-
.s/-m/-<V,
fto</
jl:in-jKK
measure-
(arrangements) yrabn\
to take
lymA.s
/>!/<<
l-pa.
M easu re vU.a.
jal-ba, dpoy-]><i.
l*u<l </zin-
M eal 8.
.v/,
I't'sn.
H/ii-inii; :<i-/><i.
res|>.
Ar^.s-
/*(/:
dried
icam^-fan;
uud drink ^2-
A^'o};
jelly sa-spyiu', pie moy-moyW.
Mecca
>int-L'<t.
Mechanic s.
bzo-pa;
mcclianics' institu-
tion
l>z<>-yr<i.
Meddle /
jinj-j
><t<
I, '-ha.
Mediator bar-mi.
M edicine sman.
Meditate
sems-pa, resp. dyoiis-pa,
ff<i-fxt,
syom-pa,
bsam-mno
byed-pa, rosp. /////.<-
6saw
yton-ba.
Meditation
sgom, syom-pa, i^nul-Jnjor.
Medley ^ay-ya-coy-ye.
Meet vb. a.
fug-pa, Oprad-pa, m)al-ba;
vb.
u.
Odzom-pa\
to
go
to
ydan- dren-pa.
Meeting
s.
Odu-ba, Odus-pa;
house
O
dun-
ka/'i,
fsoys-tfart', place O
dus-sa.
Melody myur, dbyait*.
Melon
ya-yon.
Melt vb. a.
Ju-ba, zu-ba', melted,
molten
zun-pa,
zun-mo-, melting-spoon zu-kijoy.
Member
ycm-lay, fsiys
448.
Memorandum-book
r)ed-fo.
Memorial stone
rfed-rdd.
Memory dran^pa.
Menace vb.
O yam-pa.
Mend vb. a.
ylan-pa.
Mendacious Kram-sems-itan.
Mendicant
adj. *i>r(u't-po\
friar
spran-
bdn.
Menses,
Menstruation
It-rag Odzay-pa,
zla-mfsdn.
Mention vb. a.
^yod-pa;
to be mentioned
(iu
a book
etc.) Obyuii-ba.
Merciful
*n;iiit-r)<--i-ii. resp. fuys-rje-can.
Mercury (planet) //m//-/^: (metal)
tlfnil-
cu.
Mercy
sni/ii't-r)<',
fugs-tye,
Mere
Jja-zig.
Merely sa-stag, xu-thnj.
Merit s.
bsod-pa.
Merry Krul-po, sems-spro-ba,
&w;
dga-ba, d(ja-m.
Mesh
Oyuy(s)
W.
Mess
(<lisli) .s/;////-/-/////.
Message /'//'//.
/////.
A-//,
n--|.. A/,/-/
./
M
ease \IL"-\-
/"<-/,_//,/.
mi-.^in'i.
Metill Zu-lttii kit in*; -a-l lilii'i'-niii.
Metaphor
/i^y-N///y///, rj ///v/-</y<,
.
Meteor /-,-/,/.
Method
co-^a,
faA.s, /.s///,
/M^/S.
Metropolis rt/i/n-l-sa,
mtil.
Mewing
s.
(of
a
cat)
?ra
<
o.
Mid-day ///y///-//////,
<A/////.
ytlnijx.
Middle B.
<//////, rLiil-fiu,
/v//;.s. /////;. A/////.
Middle
adj. bar-pa,
lutr-um. A/v'/J: iin
kan-ma, yuit-m<i,
l>ur- ///</; //A.
Midnight ?/(>/-/>//<'</. mtsan-dkyil,
iiit*<nt-
yttii, nttxdii-i'n/t'd. dyuii,
\. <inii c.'.i.
Mi d r i ff cin-dri
Midst s.
/'o//.s, JAws.
Mighl
w/'/f. niini-inii. <ll><n't. <H>nit-t<'iit.
Mighty
ltd
-dn'iy ,
ryyas-pa,
dban-i-mt.
btsan-po.
Migrate Opo-ba.
Milch cow bzon-ma.
Mild
dnl-b<i^
srun-pa, l>*rnn-p(i.
Mile
dpag-fodd,
Milk s.
zo, ^o-ma',
sour ~u-rl\\\ ru-ma
('.;
pail
..o-^d.
Milk vb. a.
cjo-ba,
^o-i/ia
^o-ba,
^o-nut
O
fsir-ba.
Mi 1 k
y
-
w a
y dyu-1'siys.
Mill s. raft
-Jay.
Millet /,
:
/r,
(V-Asr.
Million
sa-ya;
ten
bye-ba.
Millstone /.W.
Milt
mcer-pa.
M i n d s.
sems, bio,
yid, nyams, snyifi,sny(tm-
pa,
ze, resp. fuys;
to have a
dgu-ba.
Odod-pa',
to
keep
in
tlran-jxt. y:i.>-lm.
Mind vb. a.
Ita-ba,
ynycr-lca oyed-pa
p.M:
never ! v. i-is
kyd/t
141.
Mine s.
Kuns, ytcr-lta.
Mine
pron.
nai
124.
M inister s.
blon-po; prime
bka-blon.
Mint
(plant) day-c-i
Lit.
Minute s. cu-trui/.
Minute
adj. pra-ba, :il>-[><i.
Miracle Itax*
i/<t-inf*(itt.
Mirage
<lri-:<ii <irit<
n/it/-s,/t/u.
Mischief
.s/.v/y.
I'KIII; maker
btiaii-*i<j.
Miserable
yiji-na, nan-ji<i
. fn-/xi,
sduy-
bxital-can.
Miserly bkrcn-pa.
Misery
w
tyow-///o/}.s-/'</. :</</-y/.
Misfortune bkra-mi-*i*.
////<//.>///"//.
imn.
byur, byus.
Mishap gal-rk\n'n.
Miss s.
(young lady)
xt'in-ci'tii \Y.
Miss vb. fd/-l>d. mi
l,'r.-jni.
Missive s. bka-ra
l
:
<'-J<'m
n;i>
C'3
Mcl'd (llour) hr.
M('1111 udj. 9yi"Ul, ,i,m-'I(1, V/:f,O!J-IJu.
(' 1\1' rb. go-fill, .vi,,-
piC 610.
Mennil1l( s. full/ll-ll1l, rebp. drjO,is-pu; dQIl.
s. gruba, {aw; by"U- ';1':1<11111',
A'!Jati, by no - rt-liJ.·Jllj
by .... 111\1. -? ;.is; by - of IYJ(JwIWS IIC>
Ii. $J.·ur·(s/iJ, bl'f', (I(u/, fwd: to
l:tke - tt(/,(/.,'.t, (sod i1;:jll-P(l;
(nrrIIDgemeuls) !!'"ub.; to Ink!' - !I,'jlbs
hycdiJ/I'
eas II re \,b.n.. Jill-1m, drlO!J'pu, (lJQdoJ::;,,-
pa, 1I1Jlllnt·/m-}Ifl, tsor-tx,.
t ll. ia, resj)' skrulllj :;:/1'&" I'elll" b'::fl-
1!<I; dried - $ '/1/11-3/11;; - a1l(1 dl'iuk b::a-
bl,i,j; - jell,.r 8a-sp,'1jll; - pie 11'Ofl-'lIIOy W.
M (let'll 11111·J.6.
s. b::o-1J(I; mecllUnies'iDstitu-
lio11 b=o-gl'u.
eddie J.la .JUg-JIll,
],I edi:ll.or bar-mf,
Medicine SII/all.
i\teu itate mllS-I,a, resp. t!go,iS-P(I, Ita-btl,
sgom-l'a. b$am-lnlUJ b!Jf</-tm, fl'l'p. fuys-
bsam rto,i-lm.
5fJOTII, li901ll-pa, 17W/·
o
by(II'.
:Medley'tag-ga-'EOfI-gI·
Meet \·b.n. (ug-1w, oltfad-pa, 7IIjal-lmj \"u.
II. oJzOfIl-ptlj to go to - ydall-o(Jrrll-pu.
Mcetill s. odu-ll(l, odulI-po; -llOlIl'C odlm-
A'a,i. (lYJ[Is-Rali; - placc odus-8a.
fIIJur, dbYflli.s.
!lie 1011 yo-y(m.
\·u. n.. "iu-Im. zu-Im; mclt<'d, moltcll
zml'pa, m<'lting-spoon =1/-kyOy.
Mem her .'Jim-loy, (siy8 448.
1:Jetl-fo.
Memorin.1 stone rjeJ-rJ.6.
"Memory dmll'1Jo.
,·b. oyom-pa.
)1 end vb. ft. gl(ln-pu.
;\1 e uduc io us l'rUII/-1IC1II8-Can.
McndiCftlLt adj. spfuli-po; - friar spnll;-
IHin. •
Menses. Menstruation Af"ug od;;uy-"a,

Mention vb.n. J!(}(I-pa; to ue mentiollNI
(in l\ book etc.) obYUli-lta.
Merei f II I'JUyi,i-r)e-rulI, resp. (ug8-,)t-(Ull.
Mercury (Illnnet) Ilwg-pa; (mctul) J,)ul-

Mercy Imy;,i-Ijt, (ugs-,.)t.
Mere iJa-Zig.
Merely 6a-81«9,
Merit s. lJ&xl-pa.
Merry A',-ul-po, 8l'I118-Spro-bll, SP"O'1;('1/l1I-
Ctlll; dga-ba, dgll-mo.
Mesb oy'Ig(S) W:
MellS (di:sh) .kyu_rum, .pag•.
MellslIge lin'll, o,''';u, [(til, U.«-,Jrill.
Mess(·nJ.:er ,io_".'1(I, 11li411/i.
Me tHI zll-bai A'/IIII"; - blU!J!l-lIllI.
Met all h0 r 1;(JIj-lIl1y,ill, od,.u-dre.
Meteor A'e-Ill.
Method '{-o-gll, (aba, (lui, lWJI.
Metropolis ''!J!Jlll-8tl, "lfil.
)[CWillg $. (of a cat) 1/U't,p.
ll.'!in'1/III;, dgll;;,
MHI (] Ie s. (IAyil, .,.A-rd-ra, A'O';II, fflui, "!lII",
dblU,
Mid(]le adj. bal'-pu, oor-mll, b,.i,;; -fingf'r
kall-l'lU, fllI/;-1/1O, bW'-1II(I::'lb.
Milill i gJ. t ,wlII-,iyM. lIl(sUI/-{lkyil, 1II(SIIII-
fI/II;, mfsflll-Ji!;ed, "flUli, v. fill'; •.
i dri ff m(ill-d,,.
Mid-"t s. A'O';I, dblts.
;\1 i A' hl //Ina, miw-f(;,i, db",;, dbwi-(,;,i.
:\Iight)· A'II-dnig,"yyas'J!(I,
b/$(m-1JO•
Migrllte olkJ-bu.
Milch cow bZOlI-1IIa.
Mil d dIl1-IJa, II'U/I-PU, IMru/I-pll.
)1 i Ie dpoy-(satl.
)Iilk zo, ,0-/11(1; !jour - Z(.I-,..i1I', 11t-1I1(/
('.; - pnil #0-;;0.
,Milk \"u. a. Jo-lxt. #(1-1/111 Jo.lm, #o-mu
/sit'-ba.
Milky-way t!gu-Mys.
Mill s. rflu-{ag.
Millet Af,.... d-fl>('.
Million IU-!Ia; ten - byc-IJlI.
)lillstone Rot!.
)lilt mle"-ll(J.
],1 in d s. 1('1/1$, bro. yi../, 11!1tl1tlS, sltyi,i, slI!lum-
ptl, U, r6p. (ugs; to have 1\ - (Igll-bu,
to kecp ill - d"all-I'(I, Fa-lxl.
;\[ IIld vb. u. /In-/m, rll!Jf,.-f(l blJcd-1HI
never -1 Y. cill /..:1)(11' 141.
.M i ne s. J.'Ulis, iler-I.'a.
Mine pron. Ii«i 121.
Miuister MOII.po; prillle - Mll-bloll.
)[illt (plftJlt) dag-Ci LI,.
Min II te s. [1t-III·W;.
Mi n ute adj. pl·(I-f.,a. =ib']I(I.
)[jracle ital, .'I«-III(S«II.
Mi r I\j; e d";'::ai !fron, Illig-If!!!'"
.i\1 ;$chi ef d·ay. /;all; - lnllk{,l'
g!Ji-llU, .intl-p(l, (u..lltf, slll(g.

bA,,.clI-pll.
,Mi;;ery 71y<JII-IIIt)lis-pa, :'ly-pll.
Mis fo rtll ne bkra-lIli-6;S, "/.."!IeII, dy(JII, ';/111,
blJlI",
!/ul.l'kyi,l.
111 iss !<. (young 'fm'CItI; Jr.
.Miss \·u. (fll-ba, 1111 fel-pa.
M i si \" e s. bk(l_ryya, '(e-dull Ifjl)
644
Mist
Mystic
Mist na-bun, rmugs-pa.
Mistake
s.
Kml-pa, Jcrul-yzi,
Ogol-sa,
nor-
ba, Odzol-pa.
Mistake
vb.
nor-ba,
Krul-ba.
Mistaken
adj.
Mml-ba, Krul-pa.
Mistress
(instructress)
mKan-mo; (head
of a
household) jo-mo, dpon-mo;
(lady)
btsun-mo 435-
Mix
sdeb-pa, spel-ba
331,
sre-ba;
to be mix-
ed with
O
dre-ba.
Mixture
spel-ma,
sbyor-ba
II no.
2,
406.
Mock vb. fo-
fsam-pa.
Mode
(manner)
skabs,
stabs,
lugs.
Model s.
dpe
327.
Moderate
adj. Jbrin,
fsod-can.
Moderately Obrin-gis; van-par.
Modest
Han-man., Kram-pa, Odzem-bag
can.
Modesty Itrel, Krel-yod,
Krel- dzem.
Mohammedan,
Mohammedanism
Ma-
Mo.
Moisture
bcud,
bad.
Moment
skad, bsgan, yud.
Monastery dgon-pa,
cos-sde, grwa-sa.
Monday yza-zla-ba.
Money
dnul, nor; ready rnags;
smar-
ba, smar-rkydn; changer nor-bdag.
Mongol sog-po.
Monk
grwa-pa, mgo-reg, cos-pa.
Monkey spra
335,
spre, spi*eu
337.
Month
zla-ba; intercalary
da-fhlW. 51.
Moon
zla-ba,
zla
;
full
nya-rgyas
zla-ba
;
half i. e. first und last
quarter da-ped
W.
;
new zla-
nag
491
;
waxing
and wan-
ing no,
nos v. no no.
5,
129.
Moral
adj.
fsul-can,
fsul dan
mfun-pa;
mfsul-krirns-kyi', dge-ba,i\ cos-kyi;
also
aems-kyi, yid-kyi\
doctrine cos no.
2,
163.
More
lhag
600.
Moreover del sten-du 222.
Morning sna-dro, sha-moW., nan-mo;
the
next
fo-rdns,
nan-par;
this
da-nan;
yesterday
Ka-ndn;
twilight skya-
rens, skya-6d
W.
Morrow,
to
san,
fo-re W.
Mortal s.
mi(i)-bu; adj. (perishable)
zin-
pai;
mi
rtag-pa; (deadly) srog-len.
Mortar
(for
pounding) mcig; (short
can-
non) sgyogs ; (cement) Ojim-pa, ka-lag
W.
Most kun-las
lhag
or
man-po ;
v. also
pal-
cer
342.
Moth
mug-pa.
Mother
ma,
resp. yum; 'a-ma;
in law
sgyug-mo; gyos-mo.
Motherless mas
dben-pa.
Mother-of-pearl nya-pyis.
Motion
<$ul-ba, yyo-ba.
Motionless
adv. ma
yyo-bar,
ma
Ogul-bai\
ma
yyens-par.
Motive
rgyu.
Mould s.
(form) par
323
;
(fungus) ham-pa.
Mould vb. a.
Ogod-pa, O cos-pa, Odag-pa
274.
Mouldy ham-por cags-mfcan
W.
Mound
dur-pun
254.
Mount vb.
zon-pa, resp. O cib-pa.
Mountain
ri; pass la;
pasture Jbrog.
Mourn
mya-nan byed-pa.
Mournful
mya-nan-gyi; song skyo-glu.
Mouse s.
byi-ba, tsi-tsi;
sa-bi-lig
W.
Mouth
Ka, resp.
zal.
Mouthful s.
cor-gdn, cor-cig.
Move vb. a.
skyod-pa,, sgul-ba, yyo-ba;
to
-
to and fro
yyen-ba 518;
*srul-ce*W.
(v.
srul-ba
583);
vb.n.
rgyu-ba, Ogul-ba, resp.
O cags-pa
167;
to a little nur-ba
305;
to
-
on
Ogro-ba;
to
quickly
to and fro
Ogyu-ba
96;
to round skor-ba.
Mow
rna-ba,
r
hob-pa.
Much
drags, man-po, rab;
as as
ga-tsdm
W.,
tsam
430;
so
Odi-snyed, de-snyed;
very man-drags,
sin-tu
man-po.
Mucus
snobs,
lud-pa.
Mud
ka-lag, ^im-pa, Odam, mer-ba, rdzab,
Odam-rdzdb;
floor
skyan-nul.
Muddy
man-mun.
Mulberry ^o-se.
Mule
dre,
dre-po,
dre-mo.
Multiply
vb. a.
sgyur-ba, sgril-ba, sgre-ba,
spel-ba, Opel-ba.
Multitude
Krod-pa, Krom, dmag, yseb.
Murder vb. a.
ysod-pa;
s.
ysod-ycod.
Murderer
ysod-by
ed.
Muscle
(anatomy)
sa,
nya.
Muse vb.n.
rtog-pa.
Mushroom
sa-mo, mog-sa
W.
Music rol-mo.
Musk
gla-rtsi; bag gla-bai
Ite-ba;
deer
gla-ba.
Musket me-dd
C.;
ball
rdeu,
rde.
Mustard
ske-fse, skye-fse, yuns
512.
Mute
adj. Ikugs-pa,
han-lddn W.
Mutter vb. a.
sam(-ma)
sum
(-me)
zer-ba
W.;
to
prayers
ma-ni tan-ce
W.,
zla-
ba,
zlo-ba 491.
Muzzle s.
Ka-mfsul, mfsul-pa.
My pron.
nai, eleg. bdag-gi, ned-kyi.
Myriad (cig-)tfri.
Mystic
s.
rgyud-pa.
- M)'stic
n!J.U--J}yi&.
MoL I 0 II .,gul-ba, y!fiHi4.
Mo lion less adv. ma nJO'"bor, ma .,gu1.fJa,.,

lloth-e 'W!"'
Mould s. (lonn) par 323: (fungo.) J_-po.
Mou Id vb. a. e!J<Id-ptl, "Cot-,NJ, jdll!J-ptJ 2,1,.
Mould'! MIft-/'t.n'tu!J*-tJon I
Moull dll.t'-jAtIt 2M.
Mount l'b. :.m.-pa, resp. ..tib-pa.
ri; - l'llSS.la; - llabtllre "brog.
Mourn "',ya-lioll b9td-pa.
Mournful mya-lia1l.-gyi; - !lOng •.
Mouse s. byi-bo, ui-uii Ia..bi-lig n.
fa, res". :01.
Mouthrul 8. ror-gu",OONI!I.
Move vi). a. uyoti-pa, liJWI-lm., yyo-JJa: to
- 10 and fro rvtit-bu. 618; 11'. (\"
.rul-ba 583); vb. n. rgyu-ba, o!JUl-ba, rell!'_
tG7; to - II little 7lIu"'(,a 30.): to
- on ofJro-bo; to - quickly to and f,'Q
09yu-ba fJ(j; to - round Mor-bu.
MolV riia-ba, rtiuh-p{/.o
Much drafJf, mail.po, rab; ng - us ga-tsum
W:, t.am 430; so - "di-snyld, (/t-myM;
very - 'TIla"-drayll, jill-!n ,nQli-!'o.
.Mucus .nalll, lud1X"
:Mod l:a-lug, Jim-pa., .Jam, ","-6a, rdzniJ,
.dam.,.,]:;diJ; - l100r dya;,-miL
Muddy man-nWft.
Mulberr)'
:'II u Ie drt_ drt-po, Jrtwr/tfJ.
)[ultiply vL.a. llJYur-ba,
,ptl-ba, J';d-ba.
.M ul t i tude Cf'f)(/.pa, fro"" dmag. yst6.
)Iurder Vb.lL f!lJd-pa; I.pod-lt6d·
f'Od'lJyld.
(allatowy) ia, fl!/«.
)Iuse vb.n. rtog-pa.
Mushroom .fa-nlD, trJ09·ia W.
Mosie rot-'RQ.
)1 uiSk gw-rtfi; - bag gla-bai It,-l>a; - ,leer
gla..-ba.
'lusket mHUi. (:; - ball Nku, l\k.
ustard ai:t-fs!, J.'!lt-(Ii, yuli. M2.
MUle adj. lkug.-pa.lwl1-1Jd"
)!utter vb. ft. Itlm(-ma) .um(-",e) ;:er-ba
IV.; to - prnyers ma-t>i la,l-u W., ;:la-
bu, ;:lq-JJa
Muzzle s. J.'a--m(,UI, 'fIlf8,jl-pU.
My {J1'QI1. nai, eleg. Qdllg-.'1'. ried-kyi.
MYJlnd (fig_)l.
t
ri.
My.. tic s. rgguJ-pa.
,..
.Mi,t na-btin, rtnUlJ'-JXl.·
Mi take s. .}.'nIl-pa, IWr-
ha••d:d.pa_
),I isuke ,b. nor-ba, ,J7fI1-ba.
iiSlat eo adj.• .Jrvl-pa.
Mi,lrus (instructress) mL'an-MII: (beAd
of I householil) jo-Mo. (lady)
lA»tn-1ftO Cl6-
Mix WO-tJU, 331, mo-ba; to be mix-
ed ....ith .drt-I.Ia.
MixLllre II 00.2,oIOG.
Mod: ,·b. (O-.flUlH-pa.
Mode (mlnoer) J.:iib., 'ltd., IflfP·
Model I. dJN 327.
Moderate adj .6rili, fIod-taR.
.ModerAtely .briil-gU; ran-par.
Modest lla1l4l0n, CTam-pa'o,d;:rm-bog Con.
Modellty l.'rtl.llrel-yod, frtt- J;:im.
Mohlllllmedu.n, MohamnleJlIoDism kill-
'". :'Itoisture bCud, bad_
Mo men t dad, lAg/lli, '!f!fd.
Monastery d!yJn-pa, W3.s();. yrll:a...u.
MondRY pa-;:{u.!Ja.
Money d>iul. nor; re:'\dy - m"!JI; 311111/'-
lxI. MlIar-rlrydll; - chaoger lI.or-/xll/g.
Mongol IOg-po.
MOD I( gnra-pa, mgo-";y, &.pa.
Man kp.y 'pro 33b, 3J1rt, 8prnt 337.
Montb ;:{u.Qo; ioteTcn.lnry - du-(nlll'. 61.
Moon ;:la-ba, ;:w; full - "ya-ry!jfU ;:la-Qa;
hlll( - i. e. first. uud lllst qlUl.rter da.jlld
11'. j ne.· - da-Rdg 491; ..nuing and "-an·
ing - MI, _ V. liD no. 5. 1l!9.
.Moral adj. (,.,1 daia tnflln.pa;
fftftvl-M'If.-lryij &.lryij al$O
- doctrine &. DO. 2, 163.
More lIug lID.
Moreol'er dii Ittli-dll 2":!2.
Morn in g 'iffl-dro, ,,;a-maW., 7IWi·lflllj the
Ilut - (o-m/f" nan.pur; - da-nu,;;
)'esterday - fa _Rail; - t .....ilight d:ya-
r;';., WjO_'dd W.
Morrow. to - 8ll", f(}-'ft JV.
MaruI s. ",i(i)-buj ndj. (perishable) d,,-
pc.j; 'I1li rtag-po; (deadly) UOfI-lm.
Mortllr (for poundiog) n1lig; (short I'lIn-
non) tg!J{JgI; (cement) Jim-pll, I..II-l"yll'.
.M 081 kUI1-la. 1I1Og or 'I1laio.pu; v. p'al.
lh' 342.
Mat Ii mug-pa.
Mallier 1//0, resp. YUlnj 'u"11I<'I; _ ill law
'!I!fII!J-lIWj g!JOMRo.
mal dbffl-pa_
Nail Number 645
N
Nail 8.
.
/"/-/;
a little
yzi-rn,
-tut;
-
of a
linger
nr tor x, it-ni<>.
re-|i.
ihn-sfn.
Naked
tgren-mo, yker-bu,
/////
-/'".
Name -. HI in.
i<-^\>.
ait*< i
it.
Name vl>. //////
yfni/x-jHi. s/,-(t</-jnt, c </i'(i</-]><(,
-Int.
Namely df-yttt'i,
dc
f
an\
o
di-lta-ste.
Nape /f<iii-fi.
Napkin /v/-y///.s,
fafHfyfa, [><in-l.<'l>.
N a IT ut ic
adj. xtiti/u-/iy<'</.
N a rra t i \ e
s.
lu-ryyiis.
Narro\\
adj. fnii-innl,
":<'n-nn'<i
doy-pa.
N a > t
y
btsog-pa, (jtj)rtsoy(s)-pa.
Nation
mi-brtjyi'id 124,
sde
295, '/'?#s
527.
Native s.
i/nl-pa
Native-place yzis-k<i.
.Natural
dnos-ma,
ma
bcos-/></.
Naturally
ran-b&m-gyis,
;*/*-////*
.">(;.">.
Nat urc
imii,
cox-ni/id,
r'io-bo-nyid
129.
Naught (cipher)
mica.
Naughty iia-ryyal-
can.
Nausea
skyug-bro-ba, Kam-loy, L'<in<*-i'inya.
Navel Ite-ba.
Near
adj.
nye-ba',
adv
nye-bar,
rtsar LIT.
<jr<uit-du\ rgyan fuii-ba\
ldan-la,
Idan-du
289;
to be
nye-ba, rten-pa
214.
Neat
adj. sduy-pa, sduy-yu.
Necessaries s.
yo-by</.
Necessary adj. dyos-pa, riys-pa
528;
to be
-
dyos-pa.
Necessity dyos-pa.
Neck
ske,
myur, myul, myrin-pa, ^i/i-pa;
)->n/a-ba\
cloth Ka-ilkrL /v/-/v/.s.
Neckerchief /////-///,
//^////-<V//.s.
Necklace ske-ca.
Need s.
yyon.
Needful
<lyos-pa.
Needle /
:
6, O
fsem-/>
:
db.
Negative
s.
dffaff-pa
94,
^jay-pai syra.
Neglect
vb.
Oyyih-ba,
... /a mi Ita-ba.
Neigh O
fser-ba.
Neighbour Kyini-i/ttxi's.
/xt-rol-po.
Ne i
g
h b o u r h o o d
.sr/-/'//''//-
s
<
!/
tl
t~/\'/''>ff
s-
N
c-pal bal-po,
lxi/-//itt.
Nephew
fsa-bo,
resp. <Hi<>n-i>o,
dboii-si-ti*.
Nerve cu-rfxd.
Nest f'xdt'i.
Net
/v///".
r</i/(t-ni<>.
do/:
-
\vork Jra-lni.
Nettle zifd.
Neutralize
J-in-ba.
Never v.
nam-yan
3o:'..
Nevertheless
yin-tyaii, yin-mi i/a/'i
\\'.
New
so-ma,
ysar-ba, ysar-i>.
News
ra, skad,
/>mz, Ojt/m<, /OTI,
/m?i
PF.;
good
lon-bzaii.
Nice mlit
ij-1
HI.
Night waw, mf*an-mo;
quarter-
h
a, eleg.
?w(
:
/.s-A/v//<.
re-ji. ^-
////-/'/
watch T////.
Nimble
skyen-pa;
footed
rkaii-mgyogs-
pa.
Nine num.
<///w;
ninth
dyu-pa\
nineteen
bcu-dyu;
nineteciitli
bcu-fl;in-i><i\ ninety
dyu-bcu\
ninetieth
il(/n-l>cu-i>n.
Nip
vb. a.
yrum-pa.
N i
p p
1 e nu-ma
305,
p'-/w.
Nitre so-ra.
No,
none v.
^ra/i
G5.
Nobility c?/)a/
no.
4,
326.
Noble
adj. dray-pa, btsun-pu, skye-
}/>/<<.
Nobleman
ije-bo, mi-dray-pa,
no-no ."m,.
Noblewoman
btsun-'mo,
se-ma W.
Nod vb. a.
(beckon) lay-brda byed-pa; *yo
kuy
tan-ce* W.
Node,
ascending syra-ycan', descending
ke-tu.
Noise
klay-cdr, yray-pa, syra,
^.ur, ku,
ku-
syra;
made
by
thunder etc. cem*
161 ;
to make a
Jcrol-ba.
Noisome
nam-pa.
Nominate
sko-ba,
O
col-/><i.
Nonsense
cab-cob, cal-cdl;
to talk cal-
col smra-ba.
Nook
Kuy, Kuys.
Noon
dyuh.
North
byah.
Nose
sna,
*nam-fsul* W.
Nostril sna-Kin'i.
Not ma
408,
mi
413,
med v.
med-pa
417.
Notch s.
/cram-fi'a, nya-ya,
lto/t-</<t.
Note s.
mcan-bu,
yi-ye
no.
2,
508.
Nothing
can mi
138,
('i mi
140;
but sa-
stay,
col.
Ka-rkyan
(v.
rkyan-pa)} l><t-~i<j
891-
Notice s.
ryyus,
ca, Ion;
to
give
Ion
x[>riit-ba.
Notion du-ses.
Notwithstanding ^on-kyaii
5i-J.
Noun substantive diiox-miii \\\\
Nourish
O
fso-ba,
yso-bn.
Nourishing adj. Njyam9~
Nourishment zas.
Novice
dye-b*
////,//
>;,.
Now
da, da-lta,
yzod,
^o-na 500;
and
then bar-bar-du or
la\
just
?>/</-/</</ __ 7 :
not until
da-y:<nl
-JI7.
Nowhere v. cir
141.
Noxious
mi-dgos-pu. >ii/,'s-}><
Null
adj.
sob,
sog, ysob, ysog.
Number s.
f//v///.s.
Number vb. a.
bgran-ba,
rtsi-ba.
NAil - Number
N
045
Nlti I s. y::tt·, :e,', a little - yzi-ru,
}'::I','.lm; - or u hng.·r 0.' toe $1'11-1110,
:(lbNlell,
:-: II ked 3'J"I"1HIIO, )'h"'-bu, Ijm-pa.
Nlime ... min, resp. m(S<lIl.
X/l.1lI e vb. III/,j )'tays'pa, sl.:ad.pa, c!p'(/g-p(l,
zt/'-bil.
Nlllllely dt edi-lIIHlt.
KII IIC Itug-pa.
X"pk i u I"!r}iyis, !HJ.,••feb.
Nnrcotic adj. ml,'JO.byM.
X:'lrr:tti\'c s,
Nnrrow lldj. iJfl{-lIlM, ten-111M, d0[l1JlI.
Nl\HYbtsog1la. (b)rtsOf/(')-p",
Nali on mi-br!Jy,id 121, ffll' :?%, nfls ()2'.
Xllti,,!! s. ,'1ui-pa
Nllti\'e-pltlce y:is-A'a,
Nliturl'li d';Qll.mll, lIIa brot,.!UI.
Naturully 7'/11;.b?:ill.!!yill, ysis.A-,yi. f>G.".t.
KRt u rc ,iUli, los-II.Vitl, liO-lxrllyid
NuuglJt (cipher) 1II1..'a.
Naught)" 'Jia"'l'f!yal.('all.
NII use n sJ.'!Jug-bl'o-ba, fa m-Idy, Rallls-t'lI/yd.
NIII'ellte-ba.
Nen r adj. lI!Jf-bu; ndv '/lye-bal', ,·tMI· .13"
gl'lllJl.Qu; 1'!J!Jm; (ul'.ba; ldtm-la, lehlll-du
:''89; to be - "!Je-ba, ,'WI-P" 214.
Neat adj. WUg.JKI, Millg"!!".
Necessliries s. yo-b!Jtill,
Nccessary ndj, df/os,pu, l'i[p-pu rI.!ll; to he
- Ilgos-pa.
Necessity //gos-pa
N('ck sJ.'e, lIIyW', m!Jul. lIIyriJl-pa, Ji,;.pa;
ynya-ba; - cloth !.'II·dA-,'i. I..'a-ms.
Ncekercliief ?1'yul-<!i,;3.
Necklace sJ.·e-la.
Need s. !Jyo,i.
Xeedful
Needle e(sem-lab.
NegII ti ve s. dgll!J-}Jlt til. e,qag"1>ai /JffI'Il.
\"1.1. e!J!liit-I.ltl, ... la 'IIi lta-bt./,
Nelgll efsl'l'.ba.
Nei gilL 0 II r fyim-7II(ses, Jill-I'ol.po,
Xci gIi ho u rh vod Ij/fZi.'10', !JItl-J;y.igs.
"I'HI bill-po, bal-Yl; .
Ne)lhew fS!I-oo, fC:>11. (/0011.110, (IiXl/I-jj"us,
Xl'rl'c bt.ruu.
Ncst f3(ui.
Xd ''!1!1U, "!J.'I/I""tIW, Ilo!: - work (lru-!>a.
ZICU.'
Nell trill i 1.e Jiti-ba.
NtH'er \'. 7wm·.'1a,; 303.
Neve rt Ii e Iells Y'·Il-J.'!Imi, yill"1l1 "(l/i 11',
New so-ma, 1't(l/'-ba, }"su/'-jXJ, .
News ((', skad, prill, eprill, /(m, Illm
good - 101l-bzci,i.
Nice wU!J.pa.
Night f1atll, m(:l(:I1/-JIlO; - ebrufI-
Sll, eleg, re,"Il. yz;/U.lwa,i; -
wll.tcl. (UII.
Nimule sJ.·ym-llu; - footed ,.j.'ait-'IIIf!lJ01Js-
"a.
NIne nUIll.,d,qu; nindl dflU-pa; ninetccn
bi:Il-//Yu; llinelC<:'lIlll IU'.II-dlJu-lJa; ninety
dgu.bCu; ninetieth d!Ju-beu-ptJ.
Nip \,u. 0.. g/,uTIl-pa.
Nipple 1IU-7Ila 3(Xi,l,,'·!,i.
Nitre
No, none \'. gal; llrI.
Nouilit,y dpul nO,4, 326.
Noble IIdj. dl'ay-pa, btsUlI.!'U, sk!Jf-mf6.
Noblemnn ije-oo, lIli-drag-pa. 1lo-Ild :)/6.
Noblewomnll SI'-1lW IV.
NOll vb. II. (beckon) 1t'!J-bl'da b!Jl'll-pa; -go
h/g ta,.·tl'- lV.
Node. nscelldiog - wm-l'can; descending
-
Noise klely-MI', graff'pa, sfII'a, J.1l, A1l·
sgra; - lnAde by tlJund<!r ctc. allls-chll'
161; to mnke n - el.'l'ol.ba.
Noisome ,jam.!'a.
Nomiuate J...o·ba, erol-ba.
Xonsense h,l-cdl; to talk - t\ll·
Ml IlIIl'a-ba,
Nook J.'/lg,
Noon (Igwi,
North b,lJmi.
Nose Ilia, lV.
Nostril
X 0 t 'lila 4l)l, 'Ill; 413, JIltd \', 711eo.l-pa 41j,
Notch s. Il:Ja·ya, /tOli-gll.
Note s. !/i-ge no. 2,
Notbing l'-a';1l1i 133,h'11Iit40; - !lutia_
,tug, col. A'a 1·J.·:Jwi (v. rk:Jw'.}JIl); eba-?:ig

Noticc 5. f'g!Jtl8, l", {QIl; to gil'e- lim
sp";,i-ba.
Notion till-ks.
Notwilhsllulding wo!,
Noull substo.utiye d,iOf-m;,; 131
Nourisb ef:iO-ba, po..Jm.
Nouri i n g adj. 11YIIIIIS-b/'t(lf byed·I'll.
Xourishmcnt
Nov ice tlYI'-btmyhl 8.'>.
Now dll, ,ltl-ita, yzod, bOO; - tlnU
tbell lJllI'-bm'-i/11 or ia; - ",((-Mg
Ilot until - '/Cl-}'zdtl2t,.
Nowhere \'. i-il' HI.
Noxious ",i-c/!JOS-pa,
Null llUj. M1b, r.og, }"m, }":JOg,
Numuer s. !fJ·ai;$.
NUUl her \'b. ll. b!J/'wi-ba, rtsi-b«.
646
Numberless
--
Oppress
Numberless
bgran-yds.
Nurse
up
vb. a.
ysos skyed-pa, skyed
srin-
Numerous
rgyas-pa.
bam.
Nun
cos-ma,
btsun-mo,
mo-btsun
435; jo-
Nutriment bcud.
mo 173
Nutritious
bcud-can,
Ici-ba.
Nurse
s.
(children's)
md-ma.
O
Oak
ca-ra,
be-sin;
forest be-Krod.
Oar
skya, gru-Kyem.
Oath
yi-ddm, resp. fugs-dam,
mna,
bro.
Oats
ka-rtsam, yug-po.
Ob edient
bka
nyan-pa.
Ob
ey
Ka-la
(or resp.
zal-la) nyan-pa.
Object
s.
/was,
rdzas, zan-ziii, dnos-po
131 ;
of
perception
yul
513;
mental
-
dmigs-
ytdd.
Oblation
mcod-pa, sbyin-pa
405.
Oblige (compel)
v.
nan-gyis
303.
Obliged,
to feel
dnn-dran-pa.
Oblique Kyom-Kyom, yo-ba,
tsan-Ka.
Oblong
nar-mo,
kyon.
Obscuration
sgrib-pa
120.
Obscure
adj. mun-pa, go-dka-ba
71.
Obscure vb. a.
sgrib-pa;
obscured
dkrigs-
pa,
rmon-ba, rmons-pa.
Obscurity mun-pa.
Observe
srun-ba,
. . . la Ita-ba I no.
3,
216.
Obstinate
kyoii-po, go-fag-can
W.
(lit. mgo-
mKregs-can).
Obstruct
Ogegs-pa,
bcur-ba.
Obstruction
bgegs, Ogag.
Obtain
sgrub-pa, rnyed-pa, fob-pa, len-pa.
Obviate
ycod-pa, zlog-pa.
Occasion s.
rkyen, glags, skabs;
on of
skabs-su.
Occupy Odzin-pa
no.
3,
465.
Occur
^gyur-ba, Ofon-pa, ^on-ba.
Occurrence
rkyen, d/ios-po.
Ocean
rgya-mfso.
Odour
dri,
dri-ma.
Oesophagus Ikog-ma.
Of
prep, kyi 6,
nas
304,
las
546.
Off adv.
par
341,
yas
508.
Offence
sdig-pa;
to commit an
nyes-pa,
sdig-pa byed-pa.
Offend
Jlaii-ba, Jlu-ba.
Offensive sin-tu
fu-ba,
mizim-pa; yid-du
mi
^on-ba.
Offer
sbyin-pa.
Offering
s.
mcod-pa, Obul-ba,yon\ lamp
mcod-sdori;
table
mcod-Kri,mcod-stegs\
house or
place
of mcod-Kan.
Office
^ah-po.
Officer
Ogo-pa, blon-po.
Official s.
bka-blon, bka-ysags.
Official
adj.
blon-poi, bka-blon-gyi; pa-
per bka-sog.
Offspring brgyud, ba-rgyud.
Oh
inter), ka, ka-ye. kye, kye-ma
7;
oil
very
well!
<o lags-so.
Oil
mar,
mar
-nag W.\
cake
mar-gyi
fsigs-.ma;
lamp
'un-gu.
Ointment
skud;
byug-pa.
Old
rgad-pa,
cen-mo
W.,
rnyin-pa,
bcad-
po', age rgas-ka;
man
rgad-po,
-
woman
rgad-mo', squire ga-ga 63;
to be
-
rga-ba;
to
grow bgre-ba.
Oleander ka-ra-bi-ra.
Olive
skyu-ru, Ka-skyur-po
Sik.\
tree
skyu-ru
sin, Ka-skyur-poi
sin Sik.
Omen
sna-ltds, has,
rtags.
Omit bsol-ba.
Omniscient
kun-mkyen.
n
prep.
Ka-ru,
Kar
34,
Ka-fog-la,
ka-lod-
la
35,
dyati-la, dgeii-la, sgen-la 114, fog-tu
'
237,
na
298-
Once
(one time) lan-ycig;
more
ced-du,
da-run, pyir, yan-,
slar;
at v. car
139;
(at
the same
time) pyogs ycig-la
352.
One num.
yciy,
at a time
ycig-cig
144;
-
eyed mig-zdr;
footed
rkan-ycig-pa',
the one the other
ycig
. . .
ycig, ycig-po.
One
pron. (French 'on') skyes-bu
31;
an-
other
ycig-gis ycig
143
;
by
one's self
ycig-
Onion btson.
[yciy
14A.
Only adj. ycig-ka, ycig-pu 144;
zad
(v.
Odzad-pa 464).
Only
adv.
ka-rkyan (v. rkyan-pa
17),
*-
stag 555;
Ko-na
43, ycig-tu
144
; Oba-zig
391,
man-na mi
411,
tsam
430;
not ma zad-
de
445.
Open adj. pyes-pa, pyes-te, vulgo pe-te;
bkag-pa
ma
yin-pa.
Open
vb. a. Ka
Jbyed-pa, bgrad-pa',
vb. n.
Jbye-ba,
Ka
Jbye-ba.
Opening
s.
Ka,bu-ga.
Openly
nos-su
130,
mrion-sum-du
133;
'a-
ysal-la
W.
605.
Opinion grub-mtd,
Ita-ba, snan-ba\
in
my
nas
bltas-pas
216.
Opportunity
skabs, glags, rgyu,
stabs,
fobs,
sa.
Opposite
Ka-dran, go-ldog',
side
par-
Ka, pa-rol, par-nos.
Opposition,
to be or act in
Ogal-ba
c.
las or dan.
Oppress non-pa.
Numberless - Oppress
Nurse up vb. (I.. f808 sI.:yed-pa, skyi'd srin-
ba 30.
Nutl'iment bl:ud.
Nutritious bi:ud-hJ.n, {(\j-ba.
Numberless bgrm'-.Ycb.
NumerouS rg/jl1.1!-pa. .
NUll Z&un-mo, mo-btslm jo-
fIlO ',3.
Nurse s. (children's) rnu-ma,
a
Onk <'a-m, - forest bt-frM.
Onr Joya, ,IIl'u-ll!Jlm. .
Oath yi-dum, resp. (u.rp-dllm, 1I1I1a, bro.
Oats !.:a_r/.l!um, yug-po.
Obedient bkallyan-pa.
oh ey A'a-la (or re,p. zal-la) lillan-p<.I.
oLj cct s. fna8, ,vl;;«8, :-wj-:iJi, ([,i08-PO 131;
_ of perceplion .yu1613; mentnl - dmigs-
r.
tJ.d.
o ,1n.tioll mifod-pa, sbyin-pa 400.
Ouligc (compel) v. Ilan-gyi8 fIOO.
Oblil{cd, to feel- dl"in-dr«n-l'«'
Obi iq ue t:yO'm-fy6m, yo-ba, ian-I.'a.
Obi 0 D g nar-mo, Jq}Q,i.
Ouscuratioll sgrib-pa
Obscure ndj.1IIun-pa,!}Q-dka-ba 7t.
ouscu re \'1>. a. sgrib-pa; oUllcurcd
1)a, rm<!1i-ba, ,·mons-pa.
Ouscllrity lmm-pa.
Ouserve sTUn-ha, .. . la lla-lxJ. I no. 3, 210.
oustinn.te kJlO,i-po, go-(ag_c«11 11'. (lit.mgo-
ml:rlls-(:II1l).
OLstTuCt .,gey8-Pa, b(\IIl·-ba.
Ohstruction bgl'fJ8, ofjag.
OLtnin sgrub-pa, l'Ill/I'd-pU, (o!J-p«, len-pu.
Obviate trod-pu, doq-pa.
Occasion s. lo/.:ym, ;'lug8, simlA; on - of
Bkab8-8u.
Oaupy od::in-pa no.3, 466.
Occur c!/yw'-ba, o(on-IXl, .,o"-ba.
Occurreuce l'kyen, d,;O$-po.
Ocean rfl.lja-m(so.
Odour dri, Jri-ma.
Oeso phn.g u s ll:og-lIIa.
Of prep. II, nas 30-1, las MG.
Off adv. lJUI' 341, yas 008.
Offence &dig-pa; to commit nn - llyes·pa,
sdig-'}'G byrd-pa.
Offend ofwj-/xJ, ol'u-!Ja.
offensi ve Un-/It (u-bu, 7ni?:im-pu; ,1pd-du
mi .•00i-bo..
Offer s0Jin-pa.
Offeriu" s. ml''()(/-pa, obul-ba, yon; - lalUl'
ml'1Xl-sdO/,; - t.lIble 'l'llrod-I.'ri, 111'&xl-SUgS;
house or place of - rtlcod./lali.
Office J/mi-po.
Officer o9O""pa, bhm-po. .-
Official s. bka-b/tm, lJ:a--r8agS.
Official adj. bkm-poi, Ha-!Jlon-gyi; - pa-
ller
Offal' ring brY!JwJ, ba-I'f},lflid.
Ob intelj. ka, k!lI-IIl('7; oh \'e5'Y
well! .fJ lags-8().
Oil mar, mat-lidy w.; - cnke fIIm·-!f.,p
(8i[Js'fIla; - IIIUlI) 'wi-gu.
Ointment s!1ld; '!/lig-pa.
Old 1yad-/XJ., t!ell-mo lV, 1''Tl!li,j-pu, bi'atl-
po; - IIgergas-ka; - man rgarJ'-po, -
womlln rgwl-mo; - squiTl' !!a-ga(;,'l; I." hI'
- rga-bo.; to grow - bglV'-ba.
Oll'l\lldel' ka-ra-bi-m.
Olive skyu-ru, t5'ef'
8kyu-ru iili, Sik.
olUen sna-lltis, lias, l'lays.
oILl i t UQ1-ba.
Omniscient /':ull-mJ.:yhl.
On prep. l!a'I,«, lta1'31, !.'a-(off-1a, ka·tod-
1(/3[" dgwi-la, dye,;-la. sgroi-fa 114, fog-III.
. 23" 1/a :.'98.
Oncc (oue lime) lan-fi:
j
9; - molC ced-du,
da-no" i!;ir, !lal'} shu'; at - \'. cal'
(at the same time) T!JOgs ri'iy-la 352.
One num. ri:1[;, - at a. time fl:l[;-1:ig iJ.l;
- eyed - footed r!.:a>i-rCig-pu;
the oue - the other rCig ... rNg, fU9-po.
One pron. (French 'on") dy"".bu 31; - IIn-
othel' reig-flis fi'i9143; by one's /;Clf fl'ig-
Ouion btlJOJi. (fC0 111.
Only adj. rcig-J,:a, 141; ::ad (\".
od:adim 40.1).
Ouly ad\". ka-I'Aya'i (\'. rJ.YUJi-p(/ 17), $a-
stag 6.)5; l'o-na 43, fNg-tu 14 I; ob(/.Hg 391,
nw:m-na mi 411, !Sam 4:)0; not - ma ;;ad-
de 445.
open adj. rye8-pa, liye8- te, vulgo lie-il';
[,kag-pa 1I!a yin-pa.
Open dl. It. fa JJ.fIl'Il-pa, bgfad-pa; vu_ n.
"bye-ba, l(a bye::lja.
Opening s.la, bu-ga.
Openly ';08-8U 130, m,ion-8U1l/·du 1:13; 'fl-
rs",l-la 11'. GO;",.
Opinion grub-mid, fla-!Ja, 8il/JIj-baj in Illy
- ,;as bUas-lla$ 216.
Opportunity J.:a&., gla!J8, l·g.yU, Slabs,
(abs, sa.
Opposite fa-dm'i, go-llWgj - side liar-
It, pU-7'01, pal'-OiO$.
Oppo"ition, to be 01' act iu - .,g«l-lj(/ c.
laIJ or dmi.
0p.JlrelJ8 1l0'l-fIf.
Optical deception
- -
Park
Optical deception
mf</-J>'ru/.
( )
r
i/tn'i-na 506.
( I
racle
<//<>*-
dn-
( >ra I I V /,-<I-IHIX, cul. 1,'n-IKt.
(
)
range fsu-/nttt-i><i.
(h-b
J,i>f-(i>; -of
transmigration
JBoi^da
56*
Orchard Ir.d-xiii-rd-lni. Idiun-ra.
( >
rd a i n
/>sni/t'ii
-
fur
rd-m/K
-
pa,
bsm/>
n
-
Order s.
(succession) (fn-rim
71: to
put
in
-
.///-/m, yfiui-ln .l.n'l>s-pa; (coiiunaiid)
A/VJ,
/>/>((
bfiti/x-jHt.
Itkn-tiiii^
bka-ynuii-l>d\
:<tl-yd<'nnx\
////-//////
II'.;
(purpose)
in to
i l<i-< I n
_>;>'. i,
jii/fi'-du
351
Order vb. a.
(command)
bka
ynait-ba 13,
sgo-ba
116.
Orderly adj.
f*ul-mfun.
Ordinarily
>'</I/HH, /v//-oV.
Organ (of
sense)
d/xn't-/i<>.
( h-i fire
/",
btt-<j(i.
Origin
X^/Js,
byun-Kuns. <jo-ma, fog-ma,
cags-fsul,
rtsa-ba.
Originate
vb. n.
bntft-ba,
cogs-pa
Ornament s.
rgyan, cun-po.
Orphan da-pmg.
Orthography dag-yig, yi-gei sdeb-sbi/or,
l>rda-sprod.
Other
yzan, yzan-pa, yzan-ma, son, ycig-
sos.
Otter sram.
Ought
v.
rgyu
110.
647
Ounce
Our,
ours //"/
i-jl.
//"/-////
\->-t .
Out adv.
/'//"'
:''."!-
/>i/'-r<>/-fu
:ir.:
< !<
(mistaken) ,//W-//"-,
out t'
prep.
TUM,
l,dii-nas.
( )
ut
r a si
9.
ydol-pa.
Outcry gragx-jxi
.
Outlet
si/t>.
Outside s.
Afa,
fiyi-rol.
Outside adv.
pyi
III
349.
Outward
adj. i>;/>i'~
-
a[)[ieai-ancr
a-
Over
prep, gon-diu,
bar-snan or
/a;
A/";
'against
Ifa-dra/t,
/V/
(-/);
adv. to be
-
(past)
faWa II no.
5,
231.
Overcome vb. a.
fub-pa, non-pa',
vb. n.
vran-pa.
Overflow vb. a.
yyen-ba',
vb. n.
lud-pa.
Overhasty
ha-caii
nns-pa,
ha-caii
myur-
ces-pa.
Overseer
skul-Kan, do-dam-pa, mgo byed-
pai
mi.
Overshadow
Keb-pa.
Overtake
snyegs-pa, ytug-pa.
Overthrow vl).
sgyel-ba, rlog-^".
Overturn vb.
sgycl-ba, rtib-pa.
Owl
^ug-pa.
Own
adj. rari-gi, nyid-kyi.
Own vb.
(possess) bdog-pa,
dbah-ba;
own-
ing
mna-ba.
Owner
mna-bddg.
Ox
glan, ba-glan.
Pace s.
gom-p<i; rn</-pa, gom- cag-pa.
I'a.ro vb.
gom-pa O
bor-ba.
Pack vb.
a.,
to on
Jcel-ba',
to
up
/<</-
I'd.
Paddle-wheel sku--ru.
Padlock
doit-pa.
Page
s.
(waiting-boy) go-re-lon;
sku-dmit-
pa, xkii-indiin-pa;
of a book
sog-logs.
Pa il zo-ba.
Pain s.
(bodily) zug, yzug; yzer; (mental)
niil<t-in'ni !_>(,
sdug-bsnal
294;
to talce
pains
Pain vb. a.
rfsc-l>\
to be
pained ydnii-ba.
Paint s. fsoti: vli. a.
s/,-Kd-i>(i.
Painter rirmo-mKan
Painting
s. ri-m,
fnii-ha.
Pair s.
zuit,
dor.
Pairing
s.
(copulation)
K
rig-pa.
Palace
po-br<u'i.
Palanquin /'//of/.s ;
*Kyog-cdn* W.,
*]'/>-
i-i'n'r (
'.
(v. dfii/ii/'i-fni 1528).
Palate
<//vm,
/wan
Pale
adj. *kya-ko-r<".
ki/n-fc-r<*
25-
Palm s.
(of
the
hand) lag-mfil,
fal-mo.
Pan
(large) sla(ii)-iia; (small)
dra-zu\
(flat)
to-6a.
Pancake
*ful-ta-gir*
W. 234.
Pan k ah
(fan) bsil-ydb.
Pannier
y
zed-ma.
Pant vb. n.
riiam-pa,
dituii-ba.
Pap (porridge) skyo-ma,
Ko-lan.
Paper
s.
sog-bu
563;
a sheet of
gre-ga\
official
bka-sog.
Parable
dpe
327,
Odra-dpe.
Paradigm dpe-brjod.
Paradise mfo-rfa
Paragraph nia)-ln-<l-i><i.
Paralyze O
cin-ba\ Hi/uitm-fur />i/l-pa.
Parasol
ydugs.
Parcel s.
(package)
turns _>:',!.
Parrh
rttnd-pa, slam-j>".
Pardon vb. a.
(to
use
forbearance)
/>:<l-
pa
498; (to
leave
unpunished) Ogyod
mi
iino-ba, (
;
m/-/'f/x
mi
y<-<H/-/i
Pare
kog-pa
^n-lxi.
Parenthesis
yi-gci
in can-bu
Parents
pa-ma.
Park
OptiClll 1!lX:cption - Park GH
Olltical deception mi,IJ-,,"-'rM.
Or ymj-na f>OO.
Ornclc
(I rail y "-'''-11/13, cuI. A
f
a_1Ia.

(lrll ol.'&I·-{o, oJ.'o,...bar.tlt
() rc h a r II b:a-H,i-/'fI-bll, MIl'II-I·U.
Ordlliu 1»11!Jt'11 -1'a" 1'(/;:1H'p-11(J,
''1I:IXflllKbll[-pII 4\i!).
Order f/O-,-im it; to IlIIt in
- .101/l·}'II, film-III "bcbs-l'a; (conunnll{!)
hka, Mil btU,/S-PII, bJ:II-{llIi, bJ:a-}'IlUli-ba;
::al-rdlillls: J.1I-l·llm IV.; (purpose) in - to
dOIl-dll 2:l:1, l'>yir-Ju (};)I
Ortit'I' ,,11. l\.. (I'omnllmd) Mu flla/j-bl' 1:1,
sf)Q-bll 116.
Ortle.ly 1II1j. f..1u{-1Il((m.
Orlliullrily r:lyUII. 1!(1I-rel'.
Orj;\:an (of db,"j-po.
ori fi ee Ita, bll-gll.
Origin /II/IIS, b!JUli-I..'wis, o!I0-ma, (Ofj-TII",
cags-{sUl, rtsu-ba.
Origiullte vll. n. A'nui-ba, laf/s-pa
Ornament s. ''9.lJm1, mm-po.
Orphan da-Jil1ig,
Orthography du[}-yig, yi-gei sddJ-sb!Jfw,
brda-spl'dd.
Other }'Z/III, }'::all_pa, y::all-ma, lOS, ybfj-
lOs.
Otter S'·IIlIl.
Ought ". ''9.lJll 1If).
P,lce R. golll-ll«; ocag-pa, !J&lII-oCav-pa.
Pace vb. fjOm-l'a "bol'-b(l
Pllek vb. n., to - on "lCtt-bu.; to - ulI tr<J-
pa.
PlIcidle-",heel S"-11-1'U.
Plldloek dOli-pa.
Page s. (wnitiug-boy) [}o-,.,..llj,i; skll-dl1l1i-
pu, sJ.1t-1l1lilm-paj - of n 1I00k s,,!/-lofIs.
Pnil :0-"11.
Pain s. (bodil}') ZlI!I, FIl!l; fze,'; (menial)
/Ilya-nan 31lll!l-w,i"I2'JI; to tn\e I'ains
",ffl11·ba, obml-plt; byc(/-pII.
1'I\ln ,·1I.11. {sc-b(l; to ue Iminell yrbui-ba.
Paint s. {SOli; l·b. ll. shul-pll.
Pllinter ri-mo-lIlkml
Pll.inting s. ri-mo, {"n-k".
Pai r 8. :W;, Ilor.
P air ing s. (copulation)
l' llili. Ce ]lo-b,·ali.
l'ldanquin o"-'yo!p; -"-:lJOfl-Mk- 11'., -J'ieb-
cu,,- C. (v. dpywi-ba 328).
Pnlnte dk/l11, ,'ka'l
PIde l\Ilj. -J.·ya-ko-I'c, "-:lJlI-{e-I''''' 26.
Palm 8. (of the halld) lag-IIl{iJ, fal""lnd'J
Ounce "'wi,
Our, oun ';(li 121, titd-kyi It;'.
Out IIdv. ]l.vir llill. 1;,'fi-,'Ol-lll 3-19; to be -
(miSlnkclI) bu.; out of prep.

Outcast s. fdol-pa.
Qutl;ry flr/lf/Si/(l.
Outlet
Oulsille s. A'a,;'JYi.rol.
Out6ide lIllv. II!!i III :Io1!!.
Out wnrd \l.oj. V!lii; - njlpl'nrnnC<l i!a.byrid.
Over prep. !lfNi-du, oo'·.M(IIi or la; bill; -
'llgain;;t J.'a-drwi, (ad(-.(-(,); ad\'. to be -
{al-ba II no. 5, 2:"11.
Overcome I'll. 11.. {ub-lm,llQ7l-pa; vb. n.
srall·pa.
ove r([ow l·b. n. ygcn-ba; I'll. n. [1II1_pa.
Overhnl:'ty !,a-tUli ,i/i$-p", lIa-l'o,; m.lfll'·-
&s-pa.
overseel' sJ.·tll-J.fan, do-(Imn-pa, mgo b!l(!(l-
]lui mi.
Overshadow ol..lrb-p(l.
O"crtnke sll.l/tgs-l)(l, J'tU!J"JHI.
Overthrow vit. sf/!Jet-bu, dog-pll.
Overturn vb. Sf/ytl-bll, rtib-pa.
Owl
Own adj. ru,j'gi, n.vid·J."!Ii.
Own \,11. btlO[I-pll, tlbali·ba; 0""11-
ing '/Iuil/-Im.
Owner 1mill-bduv.
ox !JIm;, ba-ylllli.
Pan (Inrge) sla(li)-lia; (slIlllll)d"o-zll; (tlat)
ta-ba.
Pn.ncake -{rll-ta-gi,'" IV. 231.
Panknh (fnn)bsil-,Vdb.
Pnnnier f:;ll/-mll.
Pant \·b. n. l'/'lIl11-pa, d';wi-ba.
1'''1' (l'0rridlte) dyo-m(l, Ito-la[}.
Paller s. 801f-bu 5G3; II sheet of - 1I,·t-[}aj
officinl - hka.JOfj.
Pnrahlc dpt 3:!7, odra-Il/lt.
Plll"ndigm
l'arl\.disc 'lido-d.
flIWll-btaI{-l'0.
Paralyze )!i,j-bflj "yam3-!'(/!' b.ipJ-p«.
Pafluol y(/Ilys.
Pnl'cel s. (pnckllg'c) {UIII3 231.
P a rell rnod-pa, slam-pll.
PlIrdon vI!. a. (to forl.ocarulll·l') b:od-
498; (to lell.vc o!J!JO'.{ mi
rmo-ba, 'IIi fwd-pa
p 1\ re kOfJ-pa i,v-ba.
r rr. ren I h i s ,/tclI/l-lou
Pnrent" 1)(1-111<1.
Pnr-k
648
Parrot
--
Petting
Parrot ne-tso.
Parsimonious
sri-ses-fcan
W.
Parsley yze-ra
C., sa-mi-lig
W.
Part s.
ca, ca-sds,
sas,
mam-pa,
/ca, Hag,
ga-sas,
Ihu;
in
(partly)
ca
O
dra
team;
at
equal parts
ca-snyoms.
Part vb. a.
Opral-ba;
vb. n.
Ogye-ba, O
bral-
ba.
Partake
ca
fob-pa,
fob-ca
Odzin-pa, bgo-
skal
fob-pa.
Partaker
*
go-lean*
W.
Partial
(biased) nye-rin.
Particle
(grammatical) t'sig-prad.
Particularly Jfyad-par-du, mcog-tu.
Partition
dbye-ba;
wall
cod, bar-sky
a.
Partizan
pyogs-pa.
Partly
ca
tsam, ga-sas;
v. also la-Id
541;
Ka-cig
34.
Partner
Ka-ya, ya, ya-do
W., grogs,
zla-bo.
Partridge sreg-pa.
Party (part) pyogs
352.
Pas
(in dancing) gom-pa.
Pass vb. n.
skyod-pa, Ogrul-ba, rgyug-pa,
rgyud-pa, O
cor-ba, fal-ba;
to
away
Jcor-ba, Oda-ba, Jbud-pa
W.',
vb. a.
(to
cross) rgal-ba,
zla-ba;
to over a certain
space Jda-ba.
Passage
( entrance or
exit) sgo,
lam.
Passion
cags-pa, Odod-cdgs, bag-cdgs.
Passport bka-sog, lam-yig.
Past
adj. Odas-pa; ages sna-rol;
to be
yol-ba.
Paste s.
skyo-ma',
vb. a.
sbyor-ba.
Pastry Jlur-ba.
Pasturage
bzan.
Pasture s.
neu-ysin;
land
^ol-fdn, Obrog-
ynas.
Pat vb. a.
Jbyug-pa.
Patch s.
lhan-pa;
vb. a.
lhan-pas Odebs-pa,
glan-pa.
Patience
bzod-pa.
Patient
adj. bzod-pa-can.
Patron
mgo-skyon, mgo-jlren, mgon-po.
Pattern
dpe, ma,
ri-mo.
Pauper dbul-pons; med-po,
med-mo.
Pavement
skyan-nul.
Paw s.
spar-ba.
Pay
vb. a.
sprod-pa, ^al-ba.
Pays, gla, p'ogs.
Pea,
pease
sran-ma,
srad-ma.
Peace
zod, dus-bde,
zi-bde.
Peach ka-fa
ra, Kam-bu,
bun-cu li.
Peacock
rma-bya.
Peak
rtse(-mo~}.
Pear
nyu-ti, nyo-ti.
Pearl
mu-tig.
Peasant
gron-pa, gron-mi; kyim-pa-pa,
zin-pa.
Pebble
rdeu, rde; eu-rdd; sag-ma.
Pedestrian
rkaii-fan-pa.
Peel s.
Kog-pa, sun-pa.
Peel vb. a.
Hog-pa
sti-ba,
su-ba.
Peep-hole
so-Kufi
578-
Peg rtod-pa, ydan-bu, pur-pa.
Pen s.
smyug-gu',
knife
smyug-gri.
Pen vb. a.
(sheep etc.) skyil-ba, Ogegs-pa.
Penalty rgyal,
ston.
Penance
dka-fub,
dka-spyod', brtul-zugs.
Pencil
yya-fig, Jbri-smyug; pir.
Pencil-cedar
sug-pa.
Penetrate
k'yab-pa, Odzugs-pa.
Penis
mje, sgro-ba
C.
Penitent
adj. dka-fub, brtul-zugs.
Pent-roof
car-skyibs.
People
s.
skyes-bu;
common
dmatls,
smad-rigs.
Pepper
s.
po-ba-ri;
Guinea
yyer-ma
6'.,
*nyer-ma*
or *fsan-te* or
su-ru-pan^fsd
W.
Peppermint
po-lo-lin
W.
Perambulate
Ognm-pa.
Perceive
rtogs-pa, fsor-ba, yid-la byed-pa,
rag-pa
W., rig-pa.
Perception go-ba, rtogs-pa; object
of
-
yul
513.
Perfect
adj. grub-pa, pun-fsogs, pul-byuii,
tsan-ma,
rdzogs-pa.
Perfection
dnos-grub;
state of
grub-pa.
Perfectly fsah, rdzogs-par.
Perform
byed-pa, sgrub-pa,
bco-ba
W.,
spyod-pa.
Perfume s.
spos.
Perhaps gal-te-na, gran;
su
ses,
ci ses W.
Peril s.
nyen,
bar-cod, Jlrul-so.
Perimeter mfa-skor.
Period
dus-fsigs, dus-mfsams; ynas-skabs;
former stion-rol.
Perish
ojig-pa, med-par ^gyur-ba.
Permission
dyoiis-pa,
bka
ynan-ba
;
with
your
zuW. 476.
Permit bka
ynan-ba;
to be
permitted cog-
pa,
run-ba.
Pernicious
nan-pa;
ma-run-ba.
Perpendicular gy
en-la
dran-po
W.
Perpetual rtag-pa.
Perpetually rgyun-du.
Persecute
snyeg-pa, Oded-pa, O
fse-ba.
Perseverance
yid yons-su
mi-
skyo-ba
or
mi
Ogyur-ba.
Persia
ta-zig.
Person
gah-zdg.
Personal dnos.
Personally
mnon-sum-du,
dnos-su.
Perspiration
rnul.
Pertinacious
mgo-mKregs-can.
Peruke skra-fsab.
Perverse
go-ldog.
Perversity pyin-ci-log.
Pervert
rlog-pa.
Pestle
ytun, dgog-tih
C.
Petting adj. mnyo-mnyo-&tn
W.
6<8
Parrot - Petting
-
Pl\rrot ne-tsQ.
P"l'simonious ii/1.jes-J!alt IV.
Parsley fzp.ra C., sa-mi'[,9 IV:
P"rt ca, ca.j/ig, sas, ,'nmll-l>a, I.'a, flag,
9o..ilus. {lUI; in - (partly) ell or/,ou tsamj
I\t c'lual pllrts CU-stl.'l(>1TI8.
I'll rt vb. n. opral-ba; vb. n. oflye-ba, cb,-,.ll·
ba.
Partake (fa fob-pu, (ob·;;1.I. od::ill-pa, bgo-
N.:(II rob-pa.
l'i\ftlLker°go-funo W.
l'arLial (billsed) nye-,'iti.
PnrLicle (grammaticul) (sifN'rad.
Particubr Iy /,'yad.paI'-<1u, m'tog-tll.
Partition dh!f'J·bu; - wall cod,OOl'-$1..'9(1·
PartizAn JilJOfJS-pa.
ca (gam, gu-jaB; \', also la·ld 511;
I.'a.by 3-1.
Partner lta-ga,!Ja, yu..JJJ lV.,gr(Jij8, cla-bo.
Partridge 8reg-pa.
l>flJ't(, (purt) f1J<J98 3.:>2,
rlls in dancmg) [IWt-pa.
Pass vb. n. sk"lXi-pa, o!Jrul-ba, ''V!lII!J-pfl,
ffJjlud-pa, olor-ba, (al.ba; - away
ol,lur-ba, or/a-ba, obud-pu lV., vb. a. (to
cross) l'!Jul-ba, zla..lJa; to - ovcr a ccrtain
space oda..ba.
Passage (cotroncc or exit) lalll.
Passion cays-pa, odod-cafls, bafJ-lafJ8.
Pnssr,ort
Past adj. or.M3-pa; - ages Ilta-rot; to be-
yol-lJa.
Paste s. d:yo-ma; vb. a. wyor-ba.
Pastry ol..'UI·-ba.
Pasturage bum.
Pasture s. 1U!U-)'Iiti; - land ..ol-fliti, obl'og-
)'tlllll.
I' at vb. II. ob!fUg-pa.
Patch s. Ulan-pa; ,·b. a. lltan.pllll
glan.pa.
Patience bzodpa.
Patient a(lj.
Patron lIl{f{J-J.-yO/i, mg<J-odren, mgoll-ll(J.
Pattern Jpe. fila, n·-mQ.
Pauper dbut-plll;il; mM-JI'), 1Iled·/ilO.
Pavellient
Paw s. l]Jar-ba.
Pay vb. n. sprod.pa, Jal-ba.
Pay s. gta, Fo9<l.
Pea, pease Irad_lIIa.
Peace dus-bd", zi·brk.
Peach ra, Jiam-bu, bun-(,u li.
Peacock rma..b!Ja.
Peak rt&J(-mo).
Pear 'flyu-ti, nyfJ-ti.
Pearl mu..tig.
Pcasant gro/i-pa,

Pebb e raeu, rae; ctl-I'do;
Pedestrian rkw'-(ati_pa.
Peel s.lW[Jj/a, illll-pa.
Peel vb. a. li<>fJ-pa ilU-ba. ilt-ml.
Peep-hole tJO-["Uh 1'>78.
Peg "(Xl-pa, j·da,i-bu·lhll'-pa.
Pen s. sl/lll"g-gu; - knife
Pen vb. a (l>hCCll etc.) skyil-bu, o!J(gs-pa.
Penalty rgyal, 810,i.
Penance (lJ..-a-(lib, dka-,pfx!; brtul-zufJ8.
I'en ci I J'!ja-fig, obl'i-3myug; pir.
Pencil-cedar
Pene t r n te {yub-pa, of!';lIgil-pa.
Penis lIVt', I!f/NJ-ba C.
Penitent adj. dka-(Ub,
Penl-roof
Peoplo s. sk!Je3-bll; COllllllon - dma,is,
smad-riys.
Pel'per s. Guinel\ - fYCl"-lIla ('..
-Tlyer-ma or or IV.
l'eplJermint ]kJ-to-lilj lV.
Perambulate 09rim·pa.
Percci ve I·t()(j8-ra, f<Jor-ba, lIid·1a blled-pa,
rag-pa lV., riy-pa.
I'err.elltion Y'J-ba, 1'(O[Is-l)a; object of
Ylll513.
Perfect adj. g/'lllJ-pa, Imn-(sO<j8, Jltll-byun,
l.a,i-ma,l'dz()(j8-pa.
Perfe ot i on dill)8-g1'lilJ; stnte cf - gl'II.b-/Ja.
(.ati, 1'd:::Of}s-pal'.
Pr.rform b.yed-pa, $f/1"Ilb-pa, lJeo-lJa tv.,

Perlume s. sJM'.
Perhaps gal-te-Ila, ytan; su Bel, Ci in IV.
Peril s. 7Iyell, bar.. co..l, J.'rul-3o.
Perimeter 1I1(a-tkQ/·.
Period ,lut-mfilQl/I': )'1lllll-ilkalJil;
former - Slion-rot.
Perish ,Jig-pa, mtd-pat· 09!1ul'-ba.
l'ermisl>ion dgo,is'pa, U:a )'wui-(,a; with
your - =u W. 476.
Permit bka )'1lQli-ba: to be permitted (Of)-
pa, rwi-ba.
Pernicious ,iatl-pa; ma-I'1/1'-ba.
Perren d i cui ar gild-fa dl'a,i-po IV.
Perpetual I'tag-p«.
PerJletually rg!JUll-dlt.
Persecute sllyq;-jJa, oded-pat oue-ba.
Perserlrance yld !JO,is-3u mi.sl'1JO-ba or
mi 09!1ur-ba.
Persia la-zig.
l' er sCn ga It-:::Jg.
Persoll 31 (!Ji(J$.
Persounl1:y 1/l1i011-t,um-du, dilQI-UI.
PerspiratIon rnul.
Perti nac i ous lIIgfJ-mfl·egs-can.
Peruke s/(I"a-(ilab.
Perverse go-ldOf).
Perversity l'!Ji1l-ci-IQg.
Pcrvert 1'lO[l-pa.
Pestle )'tllll, dgog-fi,i C.
Pet4:ng adj. 1Il1lyo-m,wo-.v",,-H'.
lYtlnlrlllU Polish
IVt I'd I en 111 r< lii-snii 111.
I
'
.
1 1 i < ( i
;i i
nto-gds, sam-gos.
I 'win-
il/>-(ir-}'yd.
Philology s,jr<i'i-i>i-i'n.
!'
hilosop
h
Y
nti/'t-<li>ii-i-iif-i>ii
527.
Phlegm
lnt<l-ktin,
Imf-jxi.
Phlegmatic ittiii-br<i!iii<l riii-ba;
dis-
|M>-itio|)
A,
-////.'/'-
<//H/t- IfH* ('.
(lit.
Xr.S-
i-i/i/uil
dal-ba).
Physician sman-pa;
'em-ci, \im-ci; yso-
l"t-po
590.
P iccolo-flu t e
j>i'<'</-;//i/t.
I' i k vl). a.
Jujcd-pa;
to
up sgrug-pa.
I'ir kle s.
skyu-n'im.
Picture
s.bzo,zo,ri-mo; fan-ka,
resp.zal-
/<"'>; of a saint
bris-sku,
sku-bris.
Piebald k'ra-bo.
Piece s.
cug-kni/m, cag-dum, dum,
rnam-
pa;
a
single
zun
488;
a small
Kol^bu]
to fall to
pieces rdib-pa.
Pierce
Jrig(i)-pa.
Piety Krel\
cos-la
dya-bai
sems.
Pig pag.
^
Pigeon pu-ron, pug-ron.
Pigtail cu-tiW.,
Icah-lo C.
Pilaw
pu-la, po-la.
Pile vb. a.
sgril-ba, biw-ba,
rtseg-pa.
Pilfer
byibyed-pa.
Pilgrimage,
to
go
on a
mjal-ba.
Pill s. ril-bu.
Pillar ka-ba.
Pillow
s/ias, snye-stdn, snye-Jbol.
Pin s.
mir-pa, jlzin-yya
C.,
zutn-Kdb W.
Pincers skam-curi.
Pinch
vb.,
the shoe
pinches
*Kab-sa dam
dug*
W.
297.
Pious
skal-ldan', Krel-can,
cos
-can,
cos-
sem-can
W.;
cos-la
dga-ba.
Pise
gyan, gyen
74.
Pistol *me-dd*
C.,
*rati- bdr* W.
Pit s.
Kun, Kuns,
don.
Pitcher cu-snod
y cu-rdzd, ben,
rdza-bum.
Pitchfork zar.
Pith
ynad.
Pitiable
dman-pa.
Pity
s.
snyiii-brtse-ba.
Place s.
kag, sa, sa-tfyad, go, ijul-gi'u, /////,
funs, sa-ca, gran',
to take
gffyw-ba,
Jbyun-ba.
Place vb a.
ojog-pa, Obor-ba, Odzugs-pa;
to be
placed Hod-pa.
Plague
s .
ynyan, ^go-bai nad, Ogo-bai
rims
;
nan-rims,
rittis-n<i</.
Plaid
yzan-g6s.
Plain s.
fan',
nos.
Plain
adj. (without ornament) Jjam-saii,
r</t/an-med.
Plaintiff *fim zu-fcan* W.
Plait s.
lan-bu;
vb. a. lan-bu
sle-ba;
pa.
Plan s.
bkob-lt<i,
///o</-//a;
vb. a.
Plane s.
/m</-sf,
\\'.: \l. a.
*fag
^^ w.
Planet
yza
492.
Plank
upon, span-ltb.
Plant s.
sno, rtewa;
vb. a.
Qdzug-pa.
Plantain
skye-d6it:
in-ln
Plaster s.
(in surgery) Obyor-nman.
Plaster vb. a.
(to
pave) skya/i-nul byed-pa.
Plastering
s. zal-ba
474.
Plate s.
yleys, gra-ti Ld., ta-bagW.;
tin
-
fa-li W.
;
iron
Icags-fdl.
Plate vb. a. cw
yton-ba
160.
Play
vb.
(to sport)
rtse-ba,
rtsed-jm;
to
-
on an instrument
/crol-ba,skrog-pa;
to
a trick
ynod-pa skyel-ba.
Play-
fellow
rtse-grogs, grogs-Kyeu.
Play-ground
rtse-sa
Pleasant
sdug-pa, yid-du ^on-ba;
to be
Q fad-pa.
Pleasantness
Jtyei'-so.
Please vb. a.
dga-bar byed-pa;
vb. n. v.
m/i'yen-pa
55;
if
you please
zu
476;
to be
pleased dgyes-pa,
bsod-pa.
Pleasing adj. dga-mo, bsod-pa.
Pleasure
dga-ba,
rtsed-mo,
yyeh-rtsed,
rtsed-Jo; snyin dga-ba
or
bde-ba;
at
-
ran-dgdr, yid
bzin-du.
Plebeian
ma-rabs,
pal-pa.
Pledge
s.
rgyan, yta-ma, yte-pa.
Pleiades
smin-drug.
Plentiful
Ki'igs, rgyas-pa, mod-po;
to be
Odzom-pa.
Plenty
s.
Ions-spy
6d.
Pliable,
Pliant
mnyen-pa, mnyen-lcttg,
Icug-pa.
Plough
s.
ysol;
vb. a.
ysol-mda Odzin-pa;
rmo-ba.
Pluck s.
(of
an
animal)
snyin-lun.
Pluck vb.
sgrug-pa.
Plummet
za-nyei ytin-rdo.
Plump Ikob; rom-po
W.
Plunder vb.
^gog-pa,*kog-te Kyer-ce
W. 95.
Pock s.
Jbrum-pa',
marked mdzar-ra-
mdzer-re Ld.
Pocket s.
can-da, dku-mda,
Kud-pa;
-
book
yi-gei
subs; sam-ta, sab-dra;
fire
me-lcags;
handkerchief na-ci
C.,
na-
pi
W.
Pocket vb. a.
Jcur-ba.
Pod
gan-bu, Igaii-bu.
Poem
nag-snydn; snyan-d/iags.
Poetry
sdeb-sbyor.
Point s.
fseg, nag-fseg;
main
don,
ma-
yzi;
to be on the
ca-ba;
v. also las II
es.tr. 546.
Poison
dug.
Poker
yog-po.
Polecat
sul-byi.
Polish vb. bdar-ba.
41*
Petroleum - 1;49
Petroleum l'Vk1-vlJiom.
klm-gO..
Pewtl'r JMr-rjU.
I' hiI 0 10gy 'fP'R-ritJ-pn.
I'llilo ophy 1ulli-do,,-ng.pa 527.
haJ-kQIt, luJ-p4__
l'hle£pnlllic rili-ba; - div
1""'l1ion °i;-9'JJl-dht.J.-tm° C (lit. in-
f'gytt<1 dtU-ba).
•lhlltician ,man-pa; 'alll-ei; r-
00-/00 690.
Piccolo-flute ,.".«1-gli".
l' i (' l vu. a. •&ytd-ptl; to - ull "J'"ltg-p«.
Pi e kIe !'t. d'"!J1l-rlim.
Pi et urc 8.0::0, ::0, n_mo: fttti4a, resp. zal-
((IIi; - of 11. saint alm-bria.
I'ieuald "'m-ho.
Pieee s. (l'{l-.lTum, laa-duIII, IImll, rNalll-
• single - ::UJj II. small - foUm i
10 f.U to pieces rdib-fNJ.
Pierce"",g('}lHl.
Piety "'rtlj lot-la dga.IxJiKML
Pig jxJy.
Pigeon pw.-rdn, Yu1rrtm.
Pi"p.i1 nHi lV., lttVe-lo C.
Pil.", 1'",...la,Po-W.
I'i Ie ,b. a. liJril.lJtr., 6«r-IJa, rtM!f"p«.
Pilfer bY; b!J«l--pa.
to go on l\ - tttjal-bu.
I' i II So riUv.
Pillar "·a-OO.
Pillow "iaa. afl}Jt-iJdI.
Pin ,. w"-pa, o1::ill-r!J4 c.. ::um-{'cib W.
Pincers ,kalll-CIl,i.
Pinch vb., the shoe pinchcs ·"'oO-'a dam
du!/' IV. m.
Pioul skal-Idan; J,!rtl-,-an, lot-ian, b:JI-
Iv.; eo.-Ia dsa-iJo.
Pi Ile flYUit,"i4 'j'4.
Pistol o.k'-da
0
C., °rali-oM? Iv.
Pit So. ["Ii, old, fkJit.
Pilcher lw-mOd, lIi.-rd:d., '-, rd:l'l-b!t...
Pitchfork ::af'.
Pith ptad.
Pitiable dlMn-pa.
Pity s. Jnyiit...brttHJfJ.
I) Iacc J. lay, fa, sa.f!JcuJ, flO, !J'll-!JM', !fill,
)'nas, .a-la, gro,i; to take - o!l!Illr-ba,
.bywi-ba.
Pillee vh n. Jrx.rra, obor-lxl, ocl::llgl-paj
t.o be plnced A'()(.l-pa.
I' IngII e S lilyan, .,go-/Jui natl,o!J"'"ooj rill,,;
>ian-rima, rilll&-1lI.id.
Plaid r::l'ln.!ftJ'.
Plain (ali; >foI.
Plain adj. (",ithout ornament) Jam-taH,
1'Y1I
u
n-Mid.
Plaintiff °6", hI-fa..-
Plait s. kJri.-bu
j
,·b. a. 1a,..Jnt, tk-OO.; rewd-
pa.
Plan L 6I:ob-lJn. MOlJ-/IlI; vb. a. .!JOIt-pa.
l'lane II. l1ay-.tL vb.•. °J'KuJ-m;",J-
W.
Planet r::a
Plank 'PO", ,ptui.JJ6.
Plant II. .rli(l, rtfll'a, vb. a. d::1lfl'"fKJ-
Plantain ta-la
Plaster s. (Ill surgery) .6yor-t.fl.IJt.
1'lltSler .b.a. (to pale) U:9uM-nvl
l'll\lltering s. 4i4.
Plate s. (Jl«Ia. vra-ti IAI., 11'.; tin -
(a-li n.r:""j ;;'on - Jt"!Jf-(dl.
(lIMe \·b. n. nu rtoN-bo. 100.
PIny vb. (to sport) l'W-lx1, rtsed-1Jaj to-
on lUI instrument .JmJl·ba, $ktV>fJ-pa; to-
n trick rnod-pa d'!Jfi-bu.
Plliy-fellow rtM-ffl·(xfl, !I"og.r-fgcu.
Piny-ground
Pleuant tdug-pa, yid-41l to be-
.(od-po.
Pleasantness
I)leue ,·b. a. bytd-paj vb. n. v.
4;6; to be
Pleasing adj_ dSOr7lf6, l»od-pa.
Pleasnre dsa-ba, rUtd-_tO. r9dt-rt:Nd,
rtI«1-.}oj my";' dga-iJa or fxk..ba; at-
rmi·dgdf', yid. b::iuu.
PlebeiaD ma-rahl, fai-pa.
Pled ge s. rgyan, rta-ma, rte-pa.
Pleiades amin-drilg.
Plentiful l.'riga, rg!JlIa-p«, 1l1Od-p(); to be
- .d::I)Jn--pa.
Plentl- s. IoIiNpyOd.
Pliab ('I, Pliant 1t1Jf.'Jt7l-pa, fIINyen-J,'uS,
''''g-pa.
.'\ougl. So. yio/; vb. ll. yIol-tHdn .d::in-paj
rRlO·bo..
1'1 ue k s. (of till nnimal) In!Jiit-lllli.
Pluck vb. tgnuj-f'a-
Plummet UJ.-1tyei ytiit-rd4.
Plump Uoobi rom-po W.
Plunder vb. ofPJ-pG•• 90).
I'ock s.•brttwI-pai - marked 1titl:ar_ra_
ffld::tr-ri Ld.
Pocket s. am.Ja, dJ:u-mda, J.luJ-pa; -
book Jultf; MJm-ta, llab-dra; - lire
Nlt-It(lya; - handkerchief lIa-a C., na-
Iii 11'.
Pocket ,·b. II • • fur-bu.
Pod SUl'-I.Ill, 19a,i-Im.
Poem nW,J-Illl!Jdllj .nY(llHJiwgl.
Poetry 1IikIJ..JJy6r.
Point s. 6«J. f1"fJ-CMfJ; milia - don, "1(1-
r:ii to be on the - la-btl; v. also laIIlI
e.s:tr. M6.
Poi:;on d!l9.
Poker !fO?-po.
nl-hyi.
Polish
...
650
Polished
Print
Polished
adj.
^od-can.
Politeness
ze-sa.
Pollute
Jbag-pa.
Pollution
grib.
Pomatum
sra-skud.
Pomegranate
se-
bru,
sen.
Pond rdzin.
Ponder
sems-pa, resp. dgons-pa;
bsam-blo
yton-ba.
Pool
cu-Kyil,
Iten-ka.
Poor
dbul-ba, pons-pa,
nan-
pa, gyi-na,
fcas-dmdn,
kas-zdn-,
the
poor people!
snyin-re-rje.
Poplar
dbyar-pa
; ma-gal
W.
; ysol-po.
Popular
mon-za-can W.
Popularity
mon-za W.
Porcelain
kar-yol, dkar-yol;
clay
Ham-
pa,
Porch
sgo-fcdn.
Porcupine rgan, byi-fur, yzig-mo.
Pore
spui
Kun-bu, ba-spui bu-ga.
Porridge
zan 486.
Portal
sgo-Jcdn.
Portion s.
skal-ba,
ca
150, ca-sds', fsod,
Ihu
601
;
of meat
rgya-ri, sder-gdn.
Position
go
70-
Positive
adj.
dnos.
Possess,
to be
possessed
of
bdog-pa.
Possessing adj. bcas-pa
146-
Possession,
to hold in
Odzin-pa
465.
Possibility glags, go-skdbs, rgyu,
sa.
Possible,
to be
srid-pa.
Post s.
(pillar)
ka-ba.
Posteriors
rkub, mjug, pum-pum, sul-pa.
Postillion
rfa-zam-pa.
Postpone
bsol-ba,
srin-ba.
Postscript yan-skydr.
Post- service
^u-ldg
499.
Post-station rta-zdm.
Pot s.
Hog -ma, rdza-ma, pan-dil W.',
cloth
tsa-lcibs',
house can-Kan.
Potato
skyi-ba, *kyi-u* C.,
*dho-ma
) gya-
dho* C.
78;
"a-lu W.
Potency
dban.
Potsherd
gyo-mo, cag-po.
Pouch s.
rkyal-bu, Kug-ma,
kab-ta-ka Ld.
Poultry tfyim-bya.
Pound vb.a.
rdun-ba,
ferum-Kntm
byed-pa.
Pour
Idugs-pa, Jbyo-ba, Jbo-ba.
Poverty pons-pa,
dbul-ba.
Powder s.
pye-ma.
Power
mna, mna-tdn, mfu,
mis-pa.
Powerful
rgyags-pa,
nar-ma,
btsan-po.
Powerless
dban-med;
to render dban-
med-du
O
col-ba.
Practice s.
lag-len, resp. pyag-Un;
lob-
fcydd
W.
Practise vb. a.
sbyon-ba.
Praise s.
snag-ysol\
vb.a.
snag-pa, stod-pa.
Prattle s. col-cun.
Pray
vb. n.
ysol-ba,
zu-ba.
Prayer ysol-ba]
mill
cos-Icor,
ma-ni-cos-
Kor.
Preach cos
sgrog-pa, resp. cos-kyi sgrog-
glen mdzad-pa.
Precede snon-du
Ogro-ba.
Preceding
sna-ma,
snon-
gro.
Precept bka-bsgos, bka-rtags,
Krims, cos,
ydams-pa, bslab-bya.
Precious
dkon-pa, yces-pa
,
rin- cen
,
rin-
po-ce;
the most
-
thing dkon-mcog
10.
Precipitous yzar-ba.
Precisely
ran.,
Ko-na.
Preface s. snon-
gro.
Prefect
yul-dpon, mi-dpdn.
Preferable bla.
Prefix s.
snon-jug, Opul(-yig}.
Pregnant sbrum-pa;
sems-can dan Idan-
pa
290.
Preparation grabs, rgyu, sta-gon.
Prepare som-pa, sbyor-ba
I,
no.
2,406;
bco-
ba
W.,
dger-ba
C., O
ca-ba
168;
to vict-
uals for the table
yyo-ba, yyos-su byed-pa.
Prepuce mdun-pags, Qdom-pags.
Prerogative
don.
Presage
s. sna-ltds.
Presence,
in of
mdun-du, resp. spyan-
snar.
Present s.
(gift) skyes,
rten,
zu-rten, resp.
yzigs-rten, Jiyos-pa, bya-dgd, sbyin-pa.
Preserve vb.
skyon-ba, skyob-pa,
srun-ba.
Press vb.
bkan-pa,
bcar-ba, glem-pa
C.,
non-pa, Ofsir-ba,
to hard
(in
an
inquest)
tsir
tagjhe'-pa
C.
Pres
singly nan-gyis
303.
Presume
(arrogate) Kas-len-pa
34.
Pretty adj. mcor-po, sdug-pa, dga-mo.
Prevail on
)ug-pa.
Prevent
^gogs-pa, ycod-pa, zlog-pa.
Preventive s. srun-ba.
Previous
adj.
snon-
gro.
Previously sna-na, sna-gon, snan, snar,
snon.
Price
gon,
fan,
rin.
Prick vb. a.
snun-pa, Odzugs-pa
465.
Pricking (pungent) rtsub-po.
Pricks fastened to the feet for
climbing
mountains rkan-mdzer.
Pride s.
na-rgyal, dregs-pa, po-so, rlom-pa,
rlom-sems.
Priest bla-ma.
Priestcraft
cos-zog.
Priesthood
dge~
dun.
Primary adj.
v. rtsa-ba.
Prime minister bka-blon.
Prince
rgyal-bu, rgyal-srds.
Principal adj. mcog, ytso-bo', part mgo.
Principal
s.
mgon-po, ^go-dpon.
Principally ytso-bor.
Print vb.
par-du Odebs-pa, par rgyab-pa
W.
Polished - Print
polished ndj.
Politeness tHa.
Pollute obay-pa.
!'ollution grib.
Pomatum
Pomegrt\DlLte se-J.".u, lieU.
Pond ro.ziie.
Ponder sn/l.l-}Xl, resp. (fgolis-pa; bsam-blo
rwn..JJa.
Pool lIt/i-ka.
Poor 0.001-00, l'xJJis-pa, ,ian-pa, Y9i-1la,
fall - dman, Ra3- Zdn; the poor people!
m!Jili-re.-rje.
POplM dbyar-pa; ma-gdllV.;
Popular nu;m-za-tall lV.
Popularity nu:m-za
Porcelain kar-yOl, o.kar.y61; - day
p'-
Porell
Porcupine rgaJi, hyi-{ur, rzifl-mo.
Pore. Sfui I..'wi-bu, ba-spui bu-ga.
Porridge zan48(i.
Portal 3fJo-J:dJi.
Portion s. ,kal..JJa, lU100, ca-sas; WJd, lllu
001; - of meat 1'flya-ri, MJ!r-gdli.
Position flO 10.
Positi,'e adj. d,ios.
Possess! to be posllessed of bdcfI-pa.
Possessing adj./Xas-pa 146.
Possession, to hold In - ifzin-pa 4G5.
P ossi bilit Y fllngf, go-,1:dlA, 1'[I!JU, 8a.
Possible, tobe-srid-pa.
Post s. (pillar) 1:a-ba.
Posteri ors ,,!..-tw, 7f!}ug, pum-j'yum, ilul-z'!l.
Postillion rta-zam-pa.
Postpone bAol-bu, sriil-ba.
Postscrip t ya,j..,kydr.
Post-sen'ice 4W.
Post-station rta-zdm.
Pot s. "'Off-ma, rdza.ma, pan-dil w.;
cloth tsa-lCib3; - house Cali_k'aie.
Potato d:yi-ba, ·1..'!Ji-u· C., ·411O-ma, flya-
t}llo· C. 78; 'a-lu lV.
Potency dhwi.
Potsherd f/YO-17W, 'tag-po.
Pouch s. rkJIaf-bu, 1..'u[j-lIIa, Rob-ta-leu IA.
Poultry /t!Jmv-bya.
Pound vb.a /·dUii..JJa, /trum-lb"Um bljtc0Ja.
l' 0 ur lduys-pa, "h!Jo-ba, "bo-ba. '
Poverty pOilS-pa, dbul-ba.
Powder s. P!Jt-1Ila.
Power RlIia, ml;a_Id,;, mElt, 1114-pa.
Powe rfu I rg.vags-pa, tiar-ma, huan-po.
Powerless (lbait.-mM; to render - dbuie·
mcd-du ,,'lol-ba.
Practice s. ldg-lin, resp. J!yag-Un; lolJ-
'iJdd IV. •
Practise vb. R. sbyon.ha.
Pra i se s. s,ia{J-)'8dl; vb.a. sJiay-pa, stod-pa.
Prattle s. tel-ntli.
Pray \·b. n. y81Jl-ba, zu-ba.
Prayer fSol-ba; - mill los-l..'or, ma·nf-Co8-
I..'or.
Preach los sgrog-pa, resp. Cos-i.:yi
gk,i md::ad-pa.
Pre cede SflOn-dU dJro-ba.
Preceding 'na-ma, SI"wn-ofJt'O.
Precept bka-b3!JO'1 h1:a-rlays, Iin'lm, ('OS,
rd/lfIlS-pa, bslob-l.i!Ju.
Precious dkon-pa, rt/!3-pa, ";n-enl, rin-
po-i!e; the most - thing dko1l-mOOfJ to.
Precipitous Far-bo..
Precisely "wi, I.'o-na.
Preface s. SflOlI-dJro.
Pre fect yul-dpon, mi-dpdll.
Preferable hi«.
Prefix s. slion-j"y, oiml(-yig).
Pregnant shrum-pa; lems-can dali fdan-
pa 290.
Preparation grabs, I'flYU, sta.gdn.
Prepll r\\ wyor-oo I, no. 2,400; hi:o·
b4 lV., d[Jer-b_a C., ,,"Ea-lJa 168; to - vict-
uald for the wble ryo-ba, r!JIM-tUby«/-pa.
Prel,uce 1I1dun·pays, odom-pays.
Prerogative don.
Presage s. s,ia·ltds.
Presence, in - ofmdun-du, ccsp. sp.llan-
sliar.
P resent s. (gift) d:yt!lJ, rten, zu·rten, resp.
r::igs.rthi, o"lyoa-pa, bya-dgd, sbyin-pa.
Preserve vb. slyon-ba, skliob-pa, Sl"U,i-ha.
PresS vb. bkan-pa, bCar-lJa, qlem-pa C.,
non-pa, ofsir-ba, to - hard (in an inquest)
tsi,. laf/ jilt' -pa C.
Pressingly na1l-f;yis 303.
Presume (arrogate) liaJl-kn-pa :>1.
Pretty adj. m&r-z;o, $(Jug-pa, o.ga-mo.
Prevail on JUfI-pa.
P reven t 09ogs-pa, rM-pa, zlof}-pa.
Preventive s. ","Un-bu.
Previous adj. sitOn-oyro.
Previously sriG-na, "lia-gOli, "ian, sliar,
"non.
Price [Jon, {a,i, rin.
Prick vb. a. &nun-pa, odzuy8-1)a 4(i6.
Pricking (pungent) rtsuh-po.
Pricks fastened to the feet for climbing
mountll;ns r1..'ali-md::er.
Pride s. •ia-rgyal, dregf-pa, io-YJ, "lorn-pa,
rlorn-sems.
Priest bia-ma.
Priestcraft 1os.ZlJY.
Priesthood dge-odun.
PrimMy adj. v. rtsa-ha.
Prime minIster b1:a-bldn.
Prince 1'!J!Jal·bu, ;(.!.yal-srds.
PrincipaI adj. ftw-OO; - part TIIf}0.
Principal s. myon-po, o!JD-dpon.
Principally rl$o-oor.
P ·in t vb. par-du 1'f/yab-pa IV.
I Yi nter Pustule 851
I' i inter
i>nr-pa.
I* rin t
iii^-ot't'irr fxi
Prison
/>fsi>ti-/,;t/t,
Lri-ninn.
Prostitute s.
Opyon~ma,
smad-fson-ma.
Protect
t/.-i/n/i-jHi.
ifpb+pa,
>////;-/..
Pi i \ air, l'i ivatelv
syos.
Pi i \
ilege
s.
ynaii-fxt.
Pi i \ i t irs
v
i/ittx,
x/Ht-bn.
Privy
s.
cab-Kuii,
ysut't-*/
>>/<><
I.
Prize s.
(reward) dyu-mfsan.
Pro lati oner
dye-bsiti/>'/t.
Proboscis
glan-snd.
Proceed
^ye-ba, spro-ba;
to let
pa
97.
Proclaim bka
bkod-pa,
bka
Odoys-pa, syroy-
pa, syyur-ba
W.
Proclamation bka
bkod-pa,
bka
btays-pa,
bka
-
Odoys-pa.
Procreate
skyed-pa,
bso-ba.
Procure
syrub-pa, ynyer-ba, sbyor-ba,
O
fsol-ba,
Produce s.
fog.
Produce vb.
skyed-pa',
to be
produced
cays-pa.
Product s.
(sum total)
bi*tsis-zin.
Professor
mlcan-po.
Profit s.
skyed, Ke, Kye,
don,
spoys; pan-
pa, pan-fogs,
bed.
Profitable
drug, pan
-
Odoys-pa.
Profound
zab-pa.
Prognostic
s. sna-ltas.
Progress
s.
skyed.
Prohibit
Qtfegs-pa, ^eys-pa.
Project
vb. a.
O
god-pa;
vb. n. fal-ba.
Prolong bsol-ba,
snn-ba.
Prolongation
stud-ma.
Prominent,
to be fal-ba.
Promise s.
cad;
vb.
cad-pa, O ce-ba,
Kas-
len-pa,
dam
O
ca-ba.
Promulgate syroy-pa, rjod-pa.
Pronounce
Odon-pa, rjod-pa.
Pronunciation
Icoys, zer-lcogs,
zer-fsul
W.,
klog-fsul, rjod-dbyans
C.
Proof s.
mnon-rtdys, rtays, ryyu-mfsan.
Prop
s.
ryyab-rten;
vb. a.
skyor-ba.
Propagation sa-bon;
dar-ba.
Propensity ba^-cdys.
Proper
dnos
131;
place yo; timebsyari.
Property yon-tan,
lons-spyod;
left ml
561.
Prophesy
vb. lun
ston-pa.
Prophet lun-ston-pa.
Prophetic sight mnon-ses, ^od-ysal, resp.
fuys-m/cyen.
Propitious bkra-sis-pa, dge-ba.
Proportion fig-fsdd, byad.
Propound rjod-pa, ston-pa, O cad-pa.
Proprietor bday-po.
Prospect (likelihood)
no
129,
ca
151.
Prosperity
bkra-x/*.
Prosperous yyan-can.
Protectinii .s/
Protector
ikyafcmgfa'.
iii<j<>-*l.</t>fi, mgo-
<lr,-n,
myon-po;
of
religion
c<>
Proud
Keiis-pu, grogs-can, /'//,'/".'/
s
-/'"- '/''<#*
pa;
to be
myems-pa.
Proverb
Ka-dpe.
Provide
sbyor-ba, yod-par byed-pa.
Provided with
(having, possessing)
/"//
138, Idan-pa
21K).
Province
(lag, Kul, sde, sde-srid;
yul-gyi
kyad-par.
Provincialism
yron-fsiy.
Provisions
ryyays; sroy-rdzds, resp.
/,v,.s;
store of
ytad-so.
Provoke
nyams J>m-ba, O
fsan
Jbru-ba.
Provost
dye-bskos.
Prudent
mfcas-pa, grun-ba, rgod-pa, syriii
-
po.
Prune vb.
^rum-pa.
Ptarmigan yon-mo.
Public s.
yul-pa-rnams
513.
Publication
okar-btags-pa
,
bka
bkod-pa,
gram-yig.
Publicly
mnon-sum-du.
Publish bkar-
doys-pa, syyur-ba, sgroy-j>a.
Puddle s.
cu-Jfyil.
Puff s.
(ostentation) yus
513.
Puff-ball
lyo, pa-ba-dgo-dg6.
Pull vb. a.
Odren-pa, Ofen-pa;
to
along
Odrud-pa;
to down
snyil-ba, rtib-pa,
O
dral-ba
;
to off
m-ba;
to out
Obyin-
pa,
.jog-pa.
Pulpit
cos-fcri.
Pumpkin yon,
curt.
Pungency
ber.
Pungent
ber-can,
rtsub-po, fsa-ba,
fsan-te.
Punish
Jun-pa, cad-pas ycod-pa
155.
Punishment
cad-pa,
Krai, ya-sir Ld.,yod,
dyra,
Ian
543.
Pupil
(scholar)
mKan-bu;
slob
-ma,
slob-
prug, slob-bans,
bu-slob.
Puppy Kyi-gu.
Purchase vb.
nyo-ba.
Pure
dan-ba, yfsan-ba, fsans-pa; lay-mo
W.;
ysal-ba, dga-mo,
Ihad-nit'd.
Purgative
s. bsal-sman.
Purge
vb. bsal-ba.
Purity ytsan-ba.
Purpose
s.
dgos-pa,
don\
on
brtson-jxn-.
Purpose
vb.
dyons-pa, sems-pa.
Purposely
ced-du.
Purr vb. n.
nuy-pa,
v. ma-iii.
Purse s.
KI/I/I'H.
xyyig-gu, sgye-mo.
Pursue
rrion-pa, snyeys-pa, Jt'il-^(i.
Pus
(matter) cu-mag, may.
i-u-f r.
Push vb. a.
rdeys-pa, Opul-ba, sug-pa.
Pustule
Obrum-pa.
Printer - Pustule
Printer l}(lr·WI.
P rin ti II g-office IHII-.I!/Ili.
P riso Ii brsoll.JiU/i, J.'ri-mull.
Prisoner bWJII.
I' .. Privl\tely '90..
1'1'I\'llege s. Yllalj.{HI.
Pl'i,·itie,. (/olllr,
I' ri \'y s. tab.Altui, )"3(Hi-'P!J&I.
Prize s. (reward) df/INllf.ull.
Problltioner dyc-bnl.lJhl.
Proboscis yla/i-nla.
Proceed o!Iye..!Ja, s/}/'O.!Ja; to let o!Jyrd-
l!U\l7.
ProcI aim bkabJ.:od-pa, bkaodotls-pa, '!"'Of}-
p«, lIfJ1Ju"-ba IV.
l' rocl nrontion bka bkod-pa, Mu blays-r",
Ma-odogs-pa.
Pro erea. te d:yed-pa, b¥Q-Oa.
Procure S[1',tb-pa, yrlyel'-OO, wyOl'-ba,
of,ol-OO.
Produce s. (og.
Pr,?duce vb. M;V«l- paj to be produ('C(1
(·ags-pa.
Product s. (sum total) brUis-::III.
Professor
Profit .s. M"!/ed, re, AYe', dOll, IJfJO!ISj }#111-
po, pall-fogs, bed.
Profi ttl bl e d,'Uf!, pan·odogs-pa.
Profound ::abila.
Prognostic s. s,ia-ltll3.
Progress s. Joyed.
P1"0 Ii i bit oA'l'flS.pa, ,ffI'f/I·pa.
Projccl vb. a. o9IJd-1Jaj vb.n. (ld.!Ja.
I'rolong bMJl.!Ja, srui-ba.
ProloogatioD stud-mao
Prominent, to be - (al-ba.
Promise s. cadj vb. cad-pa, oce-OO, fas-
len-pa, dc.m oca-ba.
Promulgnte sgrog-pa, r)od-pa.
!'ronounce 9don-pa, r)od.pa.
Pronunciation lCogs, zer-lCogs, ZI"'-fsul
II:, Hog-fsul, rjod-dbya,is C.
Proof s. 11I1ioll-rld!/s, ,·tags, r!l'jU-mf,all.
Prop s. l'!JJI"b-rthlj ,·b. a. dy>I--OO.
l'ropngatlon sa-oon; dar..!Ja.
Propensity bag-cdfP.
Pro per d"O$ 131 j - I'!ACC [lOj - time bsga-i.
Property yOll-Ian, wriHpydd; - left iul
561.
Prophesy vb. 111'; sron-pa.
Prophet lll,i-swn-pa.
Proph e tic si gh t m"OII-.ics, resp.
(ugs-II"'yl1l.
Propitious bl."l'a-iis-pa, dgNa.
Proportion (ig-(lJJ.d, byad.
ProJlound rjod-pa, sum-pa, oca!l-pa.
Proprietor lxW.g-po.
Prospect (likelihood) fio 129, ell 151.
}lrosperity b/...ra-¥is.
l)"osperous yYUli-C01I.
Prostitute 8. oli!JO'I-1Ila,IIl1ad-(u"i..ma.
Pro lcet "':'!Job-pa, o[l(-!J'-')(j, "'Iui-ba, MyaIA
lnjed-1
JlJ

Protection
l' r 0 tec lo r d"!/(J.!Js-mgdll; 1>lfjO-sJ.:IJQ';' 1>lfjO-
gliren, mgon-po; - of religion cO&-M'1/Oli 31.
I' rou d A'e,is-lxl, !I"UVa-i:WI, rg!Ja!ll-lJ(l, dreyl-
pll; to be - ,"ytlliJ_pa.
Proverb fa-dpe.
l' ro vi tl e w!Jor.!Ja, yoll-par byed11U.
l'l'ovideo with Chavin,:;', 1'Q;;sessiug) hill
138, /dall-pa 2'JO.
Province l..'ay,llul, 31ft', sde-sl'id;·yu{..Y!Ji
kyad-pur.
Provincialism !Iron-fsi!!.
Provisions 1'!!yu!JSj sl'OU-rdzd!, I"CSp. b¥fl8;
store of - ytad-w.
Provoke nya,," .brtt..ba, ofsw; obl'u-ba.
Provost I/ye-lJs!«Js.
Pl'ud e 0 t mllall-pa, !/I'wi-bll, rgOl/-p(l,3fjli,i-
l
w
.
Pruue vb.09"ml"pa.
Ptnrmigan !fO,i-lIlo.
Public s. yul-pa-t'1wms 513-
Publication Mor-btafP·pa, Ma M()(!-pa,
gram-!J1!J.
Pul.licIY)!II;oll-sum-du.
Pu bli sh bJ.:ar-odogs-pa, s!JYUI·.!Ja, tf[I''OfN'(I.
Puddle s. cu-i!!il.
Puff s. (ostentatIOn) !JUs 013.
Puff-ball lyo, pa-ba.Jgv-dgd.
Pull vb. a. or/ten']la, ofen.pa; to - alollg
or/rud-PII; to - down sllyil-ba, )·tib_pa,
odra{.!Ja; to - ofT iu.!Jaj to - out obyill-
pa, <>!Iog-pa.
Pul pi l cos-J.'.i.
Pumpkin fjOlI, hoi.
Pungency bel'.
Pungent l!er.call, ruub-po, (s(/.!Ju, (Mll-tt.
Punisb Jlm-pa, 'fad-}HU)'i:Oll-pu 10.;.
Punisb III eDt car/-pa, A'ral, !fa"";,, J.d., god,
dyra, Ian M3.
Pupil (scholar) mJ.lan_lm; slob-tM, slob-
pl'ug, lilob-bariS, bu-slob.
I' up PYl..'yi"!Ju.
Purcllase vb. nyo-ba.
Pure yfllUli-ba, (sa,;a-paj lug-lila
lV. j ysal-ba, dyu-f>ja, (//ad-ll1b.L
PurgMi ve s.
Purg-e vb. bial.!Ja.
runty,.l.sUlj-ba.
s. dolli on - brt30Tl-par·.
Purpose yb. dgoli,-pa, Iltm"iJu.
Purposely 'ed-d'l.
Purr vb. 11. ";ug-pa, ,·.lll1i-,.,I.
Purse s. lJfJyiy-gu., 89!Ji'-l/I()·
I' ur su e ",iOlI-ea, mytgll-pa, ,ftfl-p<l.
Pus (matter) ('tt-rnag, mug, ('Il-ser.
Push \·b.ll. ,-deys-pa, opul-ba, $14g-pa.
l?ustuJe 1>Y1'fJJ
I
l.JHI.
652
Put Realm
Put vb. a.
bkan-pa,
Ogod-pa,
Jug-pa,
jog-
pa,
O
bor-ba
W.;
to
-
astride
(e.g.
in em-
paling)
skyon-pa;
to down
grems-pa,
pa;
to in order
sgrig-pa;
to off bud-
pa,
bsol-ba;
to on
Ogebs-pa, gon-pa,
resp. ysol-ba;
to
together
snol-ba.
1 i I
mi^y wvyv*v j-sw 5
^
/ j.
'
"^
i 77
grol-ba, sgyel-ba, jog-pa-,
to
-
in or into Putrid rul-ba
sgyon-ba,
cud-pa, Jug-pa, teg-pa,
O
dzud-
Putty
s.
bag-sbyin
364.
Q
Quadrangle dkyil-
fcor
gru-bzi-pa.
Quadrate
s.
Ka-gdn; adj. fca-gan-ba.
'
Quadruped rkan-bzi-pa.
Quail
s.
big-bi-lig
W.
Quality cos-nyid; good yon-tan
516.
Quarrel
s.
Ka-mcu, Odzin-mo, hab-sa,
rtsod-pa.
Quarrel
vb.
Krug-pa, rgol-ba, Ogran-pa;
quarreling
words
Ogran-fsig.
Quarrelsome, temper
Ogran-sems.
Quarter
of the heavens
pyogs
352.
Quarters ynas, ynas-fsan C.,
bran-sa W.
Quartz cag-dkdr.
Queen rgyal-mo;
consort btsun-mo
(rgyal-poi).
Question
s.
dri-ba,
zu-ba.
Queue (pigtail)
Ican-lo
C.,
cu-ti Ld.
Quick adj. mgyogs-pa, myur-ba, skyen-pa,
Kram-pa;
be !
*ri>i-pa
ton* W.
Quickly mgyogs-par; myur-du.
Quicksand
*be-rul* W.
Quicksilver
dnul-cu.
Quiet adj.
dal-ba,
gya-ma-gyu, srun-po',
to become zi-ba.
Quill
rkan.
Quilt
s.
fsa-ycig-ma
C.
Quintessence
no-bo-nyid,
bcud, snyin-po.
Quit
vb. a.
Jbor-ba 396, jog-pa
179, skyur-
ba
28
; Ogye-ba, ytoh-ba.
Quite ye, ye-nas, yons-su;
Idin-se Ld.
Quittance Oprod
-
O
dzin.
Quiver
s. mda-don.
Quiver
vb. n.
O
dar-ba.
Quotient
fob-nor.
R
Race s.
(generation) mi-snd,
rabs.
Race s.
(contest
in
running)
ban
364;
to
run a
dkyu-ba.
Radish
la-pug, gun-la-pug.
Rafter
Icam, gral-ma.
Rag
hrul-ba.
Rage
vb. n.
rnam-pa.
Ragged adj. cad-po, hrul-po.
Rail s.
lag-rpyugs
541.
Rain s.
car,
car-pa;
cloak
car-Kebs;
water car-cu.
Rain vb.n. car
Jbab-pa,
it rains
carJbabW.
Rainbow
ja, ja-fson.
Rainy car-can;
season car-dus.
Raise
sgren-ba, Qdon-pa, ker-ba, Opyar-ba,
Odzugs-pa, bzen-ba, sen-ba,
slon-ba.
Raisin
rgun-rgod, rgun-Jbrum.
Rake s.
(gardening) Ka-yze W.,
rgya-yzeb
C.
Ram s.
lug-fug.
Ramble vb.
Ofcyam-pa, Jcor-baW.
Rampart Kor-yug.
Range
s.
(row) gral, rim-pa;
of vision
mt'on-Jlor,
mfon-mfa.
Range
vb.n.
rgyu-ba, Ogrim-pa.
Rank s.
go, go-pan, go-sd, go-grdl: go-grds,
rigs.
Ransom s.
glud, blud, glud-fsab; blud-pa;
vb. a. blu-oa.
Rare
dkon-pa.
Rash
adj. yid-fun
570.
Rashness
bob-col, yzu-lum
.
Rasp
s.
sa-bdar, sag-yddr
C.; sin-zog W.,
sin-sed W.
Rasp
vb. a.
bdar-ba, sag-ydar rgyag-pa
C.
Raspberry
fser- lum
Sik.,
la-ma-sro Kun.
Rat s.
byi-ba, sa-bi-lig
W.
Rather
ca-lam;
v. bla
382-
Ration zas-skdl.
Raven
Ka-ta, bya-rog, po-rog, bya-ndg.
Ravine
grog-po,
ron,
suL
Raw
rjen-pa.
Ray
s.
yzer, ^.od-yzer.
Razor
spu-gri.
Reach vb. a.
ytug-pa, fug-pa, srin-ba;
to
down
smad-pa.
Reach of
hearing rgyan-grdgs.
Read vb.
Hog-pa, sgrog-pa,
*sil-ce* W.
Reading-desk
cos-Kri.
Ready pral-grig
359;
to be made
grub-
pa, Ogrub-pa; money rnags, smar-ba,
smar-i^kydn.
Real
nes-pa-can,dnos,dnos-can; no-rtogW.
Reality
dnos;
yan-dag-pa-nyid
248; ynas-
tsul 449.
Re
ally nes-pa-can-du; (bodily)
dnos-su 131.
Realm
Icams; rgyal-Kams
652
Put - Realm
I) 1I t vb. a. Man-pa, offod-ra., Jug-pa,., Jog-
pa,obor-ba IV.; 10 - aslrlde (e.g. In em-
paling) slym-puj to - down y'rr11U1-ya,
o9,'Ol-6(1, 'fIYf1-!Jc., Jog.'fJG; to - In or moo
!!f!IO,;.w, 'tud-pa, JU9-rm, teg-pa, ollzud-
Q
pa; to - in order sgrig-pa; to - 01T bud-
pa, Mol-ba; to - on o!JebB-pa. gon-pa,
resJil. f80l-W.; to - together snol-ba.
Putnd -rul-bu.
I' utty s. bag-sbyin 3G-1.
QuadrllDgle dl..yil·ofor fJru.M:i-pa.
Qua dra to $. Ra"fJdli j adj. Ifa-gmi-ha.
Quadruped l'kali-bh-pa.
QUlli! 8. bi[j.bi-lig W.
Quality good - yon-fun 51C.
Quarrel s. I..'a-meu, "dzili-1II0, fwb-Au,
rtsod-p(l.
Quarrel vb. iirug-pa, rgol-ba, o!Jl'un-paj
quarreling words
QUllrrehome, - lemper 09ran-$(ffl13.
Quarter of the hcavensrfiJOfJ83.:>2.
Quarters pws, rnas-(sali C.; brmi-m W;
Q\lartz cUD-dkd,-.
Queen ry.'1ul- 1/10; - consort buun - 1/10
(rgyul-pot).
Question So dri-ba, Zit-La.
Queue (pigtail) lcmi-kJ C., eu--ti IA.
R
Quick adj. mfl!J09s-p«, 1Il!JIlr-ba, slyen11f1,
Itramfa; be -! "rih-pa tOti" W.
Quickly lIlf1f1OglJ-pm'; m.lfU.r-Ju.
Quicksand "be.fOUl" W.
Quicksilver d/iul-Cu.
Quiet udj. dal-ba, !f!Ia-ma-fl!Ju, srllll-po;
to become - !:i-ba.
Quill rkan.
Quilt s. ha-rNg'1Ila G:
Quintessence ilo-!.xJ..ngiJ, M:uil, sllgili-po.
Quit vb. u. JJOr-ba 3'JG, Jog-pa 1.9, d'JU1'-
ba 28; ofIYe-J.,a, floli-ba.
Quite ye,ye-nas,'!Ium-su; ldili--se /"il.
Quittance oftrod-odd/l.
Qui ver s. mda-d6ti.
Qui ver vb. n. odar-bl/.
Quotient (o!J-.ndl'.
Haec s. mi-s,nd, rab8.
RllCe s. (contest ID runnmg) bail Xl; to
fun a - dk;Ju-ba.
Radish la-pug, guit.la-ftug.
Rafter lcam, gral-ma.
Rag lu'td-ba.
Ruge "b. n. rlianr-pa,
adj. lad-po, hrul-po.
l-ta i I s. :HI.
Rain s, cW', carfa; - cloak car.!leb8;
wutcr cur-eu.
Rain vb.n. car obab-pa, it railUl car obab W.
Rainbow Ja, Ja.(s(m.
Rainy C'ar-can; - season car-dus.
Raise sgreti-ba, oWm-pa, ker-ba, p!Jar-ba,
odzugs-pa, b::eil-ba, Mil-hu, slo!i-ta.
HlIisin rgun-rg6d, rgun-obrnm.
Rake 8. (gardening) Na·fzeW:, rfI!Ja-fUb C.
Ram s. lUff-tug.
Ramble vb. j!yam-pa, j{or-ba W.
Ru m1'80 rt ')"or-.lJug.
Range s. (row) gral, rim-pa; - of vision
m(oli-
o
l'or,1Il(o!i-1Il(a.
Range vb. n. -rgJlu-ba, o!Jn·m-pa.
Ran k s. go, flOwpati, go.sa, grrgrdl,go-gr/b;,
ri£Js.
Hansom s. glut!, Mud, glud-(sah; bluil-pa;
vb. a. blu-bu.
Ra re dl.rm-pa.
Rash o.dj. yJd-futi !i'l).
Rashness bah_col"zu_lUm.
Rnsp s. sa-bdar, sag-pIaI' C.; lI'.,
Ai,i-3kl Tv.
Rasp vb. a. hdar-ba, tsag-fdar G:
Ras pberry (ser·lum Sik., la-ma-srd Kt/ll.
Hat s. hyi·ba, sa-bi-liylV.
Hather ca-lam; Y. hia 3$2.
"Ration zas-skdl.
Ra ven fa-ta, b.ya-rQg, iXM"lJy, b!la-nug.
Ravine f/rog-po, j'(lJi, sul.
Raw fjen-pa.
RIlY S.}'U1"• ..od-fzer.
HlI.zor spu-gri.
Reach vb. a. ftUff-pa, (ug-pa. sri,i-ba; to
- down smad-pa.
Reach of hearing r9Ya,i-rrdf/s.
Read vb. l.:log-pa, sil-Ce·

Ready pral-grig 3(fJ; to be made - f/,'Ub-
pa,09r-ub-pa; - money l'1Wgts, tsmar-ba,
smar-rKyaJi.
Real tit>l-pa-can, d,iQ$, dliQ$-can; IW-I'tdy IV.
Heal ity dtios; yati-<lafJ-pa-nyid 218; [nus-
(sul449.
Reali y lies-pa-ean-</u; (bodily)dhONu 131.
.Realm r!f!luJ-llaW$ lQ).
Reap
658
ll-:i|>
rim-bti.
II
61
I
1
i "''
r:iiiir-ii'u ;/-//</,
ri/ifti-
llrar \l>.
(bring
up)
sri'l-bti.
yxn-bn.
Reason s.
(intellect) bio, bio-grits; (c;i
rgyu.
Reasonable ixnl-intnn \:^.
Ufln-1 \li. /in
-lot/
Iti/cd-pa
553,
*gyab-log
)ln'-pa*
C.
Kfbel s.
no-log-mKan.
!-
born,
to be
skye-ba
28.
Kebound vb. n.
Opar-ba.
Iv'chukc s.
bka-bm/on, brgyad-kdg\
vb. a.
brgyadrkag
/>//<<< (-pa.
Receipt Oprod-
dzin,
zin-bri*.
Receive
len-pa,
res
p. bzes-pa\ fob-pa; r)cx-
su
Odzin-pa.
Kcoeptacle
rten no.
2,
213.
Recite
skyor-ba, sgrog-pa.
Reckon
(count)
rtsi-ba.
Recline
bkyed-pa, snye-ba.
K c o m m e n d
siiag-pa
;
stod-pa.
Recommendation,
letter of- mfun-
Recompense
s.
rnan-pa, ynan-sbyin, bya-
<iga.
Recompense
vb. a.
brnan-pa.
Reconcile vb. a.
sdum-pa-,
to one's self
ko-tdg ycod-pa.
Record vb.
^god-pa
no.
5,
95.
Records s.
deb-fer, yig-ca.
Recover vb n.
fso-ba,pyir
lan-ba.
Recreation
skyo-sdns;yyens-paW.;
to take
-
rtse-ba;
skyo-sans-la ^gro-ba, resp.
byon-pa.
Rector
Ogo-dpon
C.
Red
dmar-po,
dmar-ba\
liglit
dkar-dmar.
Redeem
Ogrol-ba,
blu-ba.
Redeemer
skyabs-mgon.
Redemption blud-pa.
Reduce
(the wages) ycod-pa.
Reed
Odam-bu\
pen snyuy-gu, smyi-gu,
*di-nyiig*
W.
Reel vb. n.
Jtyoni-pa, J?yor-ba.
Reflection
(consideration) sgom, rtog-pa.
Refuge skyabs-ynas.
Refuse s.
gal^ro.
Refuse vb.
Odw-ba,
mi
ynaii-ba.
Regard
vb. a.
yzigs-pa\
to as
dgons-pa;
as
regards
dban-du
byas-na,
-la
540.
Regard
s.,
to have to Ita-ba
I,
no.
3,216.
Regardful ycan-po.
Regent rgyal
fedb
109; sde-srid,
srid.
Region /tarns, //////, r/<'ts,
sa-pyogs, yul-
pydgs.
Register
s.
dkar-cdg;
to.
Regular
fsul-can.
Reign
s.
rgyal-srid.
Reinforcements
dmag-fsogs
1 1 fins
(of
a
bridle) srab-skyoys,
*rub-u,ilti.
IJi- in
|
(ki(ln'-\ -)
inl.nl-ii'
Reject SIH///-/H/.
IJ.'jnicc
vl n
,1,1,1-lni.
n->|.
ba,
jyen-su yi-r<i/'i-l><i
182.
K'-late vb. a.
*l,-<i<l-pu, $ad-pa, KIH/(I</-/><I.
Relation
(kindred) bryyud; nye-du, nye-
brl',
(reference) rgyud.
Relative s.
(kinsman) nyen, ynyen, ynyen-
bdes.
Relax vb. a.
glod-pa.
Release vb. a.
,i//-<>l-
ba',
to be released
^rol-ba.
Release s.
blud-pa,
far-du
jug-pa.
Relic nn-bsrel 529.
Religion cos, cos-lugs.
Religious cos-kyi;
cos-la
dga-l>:
l,rrl-i-<in
W.
Religiously,
to live cos
byed-jxt.
Reluctantly itam-sugs
Sell.
Rely rten-pa.
Remain
Jdug-pa, bzugs-pa, lus-pa.
Remainder
lus-ma, l/tag-ma.
Remains
(dead body)
ro.
Remedy
s.
ynyen,
rdzas, yso-bytd.
Remember
dgons-pa, dran-pa, rjes-su
dran-pa- yid-la byed-pa; nes-pa
128.
Remind
yid
skul-ba.
Remove vb.
Ogrol-ba, sgrol-ba\ Jbyin-pa,
sbyon-ba.
Rend
ycod-pa, O
dral-ba,
yseg-pa,
hral-ba.
Renounce
spou-ba.
Renown
grags-pa, snyan-pa.
Renowned
grags-pa-can, grags-can, sgra-
ce.
Rent
adj. cad-po;
to be
Ogas-pa.
Rent s.
(fissure)
ral;
(house-rent)
Kan-gla.
Repair
vb. a.
yso-ba.
Repay ^jal-ba, ysob-pa.
Repeat skyor-ba, sgre-ba, stud-pa, Idab-pa.
Repent ^yod-pa.
Repentance ^ayod-pa.
Repertory foo-yig.
Reply
s.
tfa-ldn, Ian;
vb. Ian
Od<>bs-pa,
glon-pa.
Re
p
o r t s.
(of
a
gun) sguii ; (rumour) *(s)lob-
lo*W.
Representative
s
fsab-po.
Reprimand
s.
bku-bkin'm.
Reproach
vb. a. co
Qdri-ba,
smad-pa,
smad~ra
yton-lxt.
Reproach
s.
brgyad-dg] smad-/><i.
Reproduce
ski/c</-fHi.
Reproof
srnad-pa.
Repulse
vb.
zlog-pa.
Reputation grogs-pa.
Request
s.
zu-ba, ysol-ba ;
vl> :u-ba.
Require bzed-pa
484.
Requisite
s. cas ir>;:
re(jui>itt-
/</:</.<
ioa.
HCllp - 653

Rellll rlia-lm.
Iteapn ?:i,j-mA'ml.
HCllpinfl'-lltlok zQr-lm, ''!J!lII-:til·.
Ih'ur "b. (bring ul') ,,·rl-Im. }'W-!xl.
[{ellsou s. (intellect) blo, bllkJI'tJxi (tau-e)
'·Y!JII.
ItNl!>OJll\ble {sul"III{u/i 4;(1.
Rebel vl.o. I'o.log b!Jtd-l'a &>:I, -Y!Jflb-log
jlll-po.- C.
Ite bel s. lio-IOff"lIlA!all.
He-born, to I.oe - M!Jr-ba 28.
Rebound vl.o. n. o}illr.ba.
Belou ke s. bA'a-hAy,jll, vh. fl.
b''fJ.'1ad-kafl byrd-po..
Hecei pt prod-odd/l, z;ll..bl'fs.
I{ecci ve 11:1'-1'a, re"p. b?:rs-pa; !ob-pa; Ijr3-
SIt od::ill-pa.
Receptacle ,·thlno. 2, :!t3.
Hecite sJ.'!]QI'.w, 3g'YJfJiHJ..
Hcckon (count) I'lsi-ha.
Hccline bl:yed-pa, Sll!Je-ba.
Re'tommcnd sliuy-paistod.pa.
ltecoDllllendlllioll, letter of - 1f1!Uf"
o!J!Jul'-g!Ji !Ji-gt.
I{ecorn lie lise s. r,i/ln-pa, ynmi-wyill, bya-
Ilya.
({ecolllpcnse ,'1.0. n, b,·Jian'1Xl.
Heeoncile ,'1.0. n. S4.lum-pa; to - one's sdf
/(o-trig }'Cod-pa.
Rccord ,·b. o[JOd.pa no. 5, K>.
Records s. (kb·(h·, yig.la.
Hecover ,'1.0 n. (IJ()-ba, pyir lali-ba.
Reereati 011 sIyo-sdliS: yyClis-pa 1V.; to \.nke
- l'tM-ha; sJ.:y<J-sans-la offl'O-ha, resp.
byt)n-pa.
Hector offrdl'0n C.
Red dmal'-po, dmal'-ba; light - jlJ,:al·-Jma.'.
Redeeul o!I'ul-bo, btu-ba.
Redeemer skyabNII!J'hI.
Redemption blud-pa.
Reduce (the w:lges) yt'utl-pa.
Reed odam-bu; - pell snYUY""fIIl, sm!Ji-gu,
-lji-n.lfUY- W.
Reel ,·u. II, ol!tj<Jr-ha.
Heflection «;onsidemlion) 1Sg01>I, rf<Jg·pa.
Refuge dyubt,-ymu.
Hefuse s. yal-I-6.
({efuse ,'b. oJOI.. ba, Ill; f'//a';'OO,
Hegard ,·L. a.. y::igs1Kl; to - as dg<J,is.l'aj
liS regards dbcui-dl/ b!Jas-na, -la 010-
I{egllrtl s., to have - to l/(I--!Ja I, 110. 3, 216.
I{ega.rdful
Hefl'ent I'fI!Iul tm; sde-m'd, sl'id.
Iams, gli,i, QO'i!, yr.lt-
h/6f!s.
Hegister s. dkal'-ld!/; {D.
!{el!u!ur {Jul-can.
I{eigll s. 'Y!Jal-ar;d.
I{einfol'cements dmay-{,Ogs 3/l0l1-1,j(I.
Q
Iteins (of II bridle) ".alJ.-sl.'!jOy', ,,·ab-mdci.
I{einli (kidneys) IIIA
'
lIl-11la.
Reject
Hejoice vl.on d!la.IJll,
00, 1Je,.sn yi.ra,i-/xf IS'.?
Re Inte vl.o. U. ,kad-J'u, .rad-1H1, ,n'lm[.!JIl.
Heilltion (kiudred) 'IYe-JU, nye-
lwll; (reference) ''!I!/ud.
Relllti ve s, (kinslDlln) 11!lm, YII!Jm, Y'1!Jm-
bUs.
Irelax ,·b. fI, gIOtl-pa.
Release vh. a. o!I''Ol. ba; to be released
.9"'""'-
Release s. bllld'1Ki, (/fl---d" JU91m.
Relic ri,i-lnrn52'J.
Hcligioo Cos, 'los-luys.
Religious '&n-bJi; Cos·la dga-!xl; ff/,l-;'an
IV.
]{cligionsly, to li'-e - lOll bytt.l-l'a.
Hehctlllltly liam-aligs &1,.
Hely rten-pa.
Hemllin odug-pa, b?:Uf!S'1ia, Ius-po..
Itemllioder ltu-mallliay-ma.
Hemains (dead hooy) 7'0.
Hemed)' s. ynycn, rd::aa, Jw·b!Jid.
Hemember dYONS-pa, drUll-pa, ,jell-SIt
dl'an-pa: yid-Ia b!led-pa; ,ie3'1J(l 128.
Remind yidd-ul.w.
Remo"e "b. ofl''Ol-ba, S!JIul-ba; ob!lin--pa,
sbyoti-ba.
Rell d yCod-pa, odl'al.oo, Jieg-pa, hrnl-OO.
Henouoce sJ'O'i-ba.
HenowD gJ'ugs-lia, sII!fan-pa.
Re n owned grafjS.pa-cU1l, 91'(1Y3-l:all, sura..
U.
Rent adj. lad.po; to be - o!Jas-pa,
Heot s. (fissure) rtll; (house-relit) /[Uli-gla.
Repa.ir vb. ft. j'S()-ha.
l{epny Jal-ba, f3ob-pll.
I{epe nt SkYOI--ba, sgrt-ba, rtlld-po., ldalJ.-]Ki.
l{epent "gyod-pa.
Hepentance c!Jyod'pll.
Repertory (olJ-IJig.
Reply s. lan; "b. latl odtb'-pn,
glon-pa.
Heport s. (of II gun) 3f/wi ;(rumour)-(,)lob-
to- W.
Representlltive S ($a/rpo.
Reprimand s. bka-bIry611.
Reproach vb. n. Co od,.i-ba,
yro,i-lm,
Reproach s. brf/!/Ild-lltiy; 'lIIad-pa,
Iteprod uce sk!Jrd-pa.
Heproof sl/lwi-}Ja.
Hepulse vb. zW[J-ptl.
Heputlltioll
Request !:II.[,U, )'lol-baj \·h. ?:,I-ba.
Hequire
Hequi!ite s. "'.II tOO; n!.:j1'·tGS.
654 Requital
--
Roll
Requital
Tca-ldn; Jbras-bu.
Rescue vb. a.
sgrol-ba,
skyob-pa, skyabs
byed-pa,
far-bar
byed-pa.
Resentment
Kon-pa.
Reserved
adj. gya-ma-gyu
73.
Reside
bzugs-pa.
Residence
Kab, rgyal-sa', yzi-ma.
Residue ro.
Residuum
fsigs-ma.
Resign Jco-fdg ycod-pa.
Resin fan-cu.
Resist
rgol-ba.
Resolute lo-na fun-se W.
Resolve vb.n.
(decide) bgro-ba, fag-ycod-
pa.
Resound Krol-ba.
Respect
s.
bkur-ba, bkur-sti', sku-riyn, gus-
pa', pu-dud,
sri-zu',
to
pay
one's
respects
rje-sa
or ze-sa
byed-pa',
best
respects!
zu
W.
476;
in
every rnam-pa
kun-tu;
with
-
to la
540.
Respect
vb. a. rtsis
byed-pa.
Respectable btsun-pa.
Respectful gus-pa.
Respiration dbugs.
Respire dbugs rnub-pa
dan
Obyin-pa.
Responsibility Kag.
Rest s.
(remainder) mfa, lus-ma, lhay-ma.
Rest s.
(repose)
sti-ba;
vb.
sti-ba',
rial
yso-
ba
127.
Resting-place lam-stegs.
Restless
Odug
mi
fsugs-pa
459.
Restore
yso-ba.
Restrain
Odul-ba;
)un-pa;
to be restrain-
ed
dog-par Qgyur-ba.
Restrict vb.
*skar-tdg
tan-ce* W.
Retain
skyil-ba, Qgegs-pa 94,
sgyon-ba
119.
Retaliation
rnam(-par) smin(-pa);
Ian
543.
Retinue
Kor, Jtor-yyog,
Kor-
dab;
zabs-
pyi,
slas.
Retribution
Jbras-bu 400,
la-yogs 541;^an;
doctrine of
bgo-skdl
89.
Return vb. a. Ian
byed-pa,
Ian
^al-ba\
to
an answer
glon-pa\
vb.n.
QKor-ba,
log-
pa^ pyir Ogro-ba.
Revenge
s.
dugs, Ian',
to take
*dug*
or
*lan kor-ce* W.
Revere
mos-pa.
Reverence
sku-rim, gus-pa, bsnyen-bkur,
bag-yod^-pa),
ze-sa.
Reverend
(title) rje-btsun, btsun-pa,
dbu-
r)e.
Reverse s.
(side opposite) rgyab-logs; (con-
trary) zlas-pye-ba; bzlog, go-ldog, go-log.
Revile vb. a.
smad-pa, yse-ba.
Revise vb. a.
sgyur-ba,
Ita-ba.
Revision zal-ta
473.
Revolt vb.
gyab-log byed-pa, no-log byed-
pa.
I
Revolver
*ran-bar
dug-rag*
W.
523.
Reward s.
rnan-pa, sug',
vb.
rnan-pa.
Rheumatism
grum-bu, gmm-ndd; grum-
pa
W.,
*zer-ne'* C.
Rhododendron
ba-lu,
da-It.
Rhubarb
cu-cu,
la-cu.
Rhyming adj.
zun-lddn.
Rib
rtstb(s)-ma.
Ribbon
O cin-ba,
leb-ma.
Rice
Jbras',
boiled
Jbras-cdn; parched
-
Jbras-yos.
Rich
adj. pyug-po',
in
rgyas-pa, O
dzom-
po.
Riches s.
dkor, nor, dbyig(i), Obyor-pa.
Rick
pub-rags.
Riddle s.
(enigma) Idem-po.
Ride vb.
(on horseback)
rta-la zon-te
Ogro-ba-, (in
a
carriage)
sin-ta-la zon-te
^yro-ba.
Riding-beast bzon-pa.
Right adj. (right-hand) yyas
-
pa; (not
wrong) dran-po, ^os-pa',
all
right!
fsan-
grig;
measure
cag-fsad;
to be
Oyriy-
pa, ran-pa.
Right
s. Krwns 50.
Righteous cos-dran-po.
Rim
Kyud-mo.
Rind
kog-pa.
Ring
s.
"a-lon;
dove
ku-hu',
worm fee.
Ring
vb. a.
(a
bell
etc.)
Krol-ba.
Rinse bsal-ba.
Ripe adj. smin-pa.
Rise vb.n.
(to get up)
Idan-ba,
lan-ba,
kar
or
ker-lan-ba, resp. bzens-pa; (as
the
sun)
O car-ba', (in
the
air) Opag-pa', (to
come
forth) Obur-ba, Jbyun-ba.
Risk s.
nyen,
bar-cod.
Risk vb. a.
skyel-ba, sdo-ba, blos-yton-ba385.
Rival s.
^gran-zla.
River
cu, Obab-cu, cu-klun, cu-bo, ytsan-
po
433.
Rivet s.
Jbrel-mfsams.
Rivulet
cu-pran.
Road
lam, sul, sul-ldm, ^gro-sa',
book
lam-yig.
Roam
Jcor-ba, O pyo-ba, Ogrim-pa, yar-ba.
Roar vb. n.
Krog-pa,
nu-ba, Idir-ba,
na-ro
sgrog-pa.
Roar, Roaring
s.
na-ro, nar-skad^ur^Q.
Roast vb. a.
riiod-pa, sreg-pa.
Roast-flour
rtsam-pa.
Rob
rku-ba, Oprog-pa, *kog-te Kyer-ce*
W.
Robber mi-ser.
Robbery corns, bcom-pa.
Rock s.
brag-,
salt rdo-fswa.
Rock vb. n.
Uyom-pa, dpyan-ba;
vb. a.
dpyan-la yton-ba
328.
Rod
Icag, Icug-ma, dbyug-gu.
Roll s.
gril, Jior-lo', paper sog-sgril, sog-
ril
"
G5'
Hequitnl - Roll
r
Req ui tal "brat-bu.
Hucuc vb. P.. sgrol..fJa, J..yooopa, sA'!Ja14
byeJ-pa, {af'-bar byed-pa.
Resentment lon-pu.
Reserved ndj. !/!I(HIW-gyu 73.
Heside bZu9lJ-pa.
Hesidence /tab,lr!yal-sujrf:,j·ma.
Uesidue roo
Hesiduum (sigs-'ffl;l.
Resign ro--Mg ri:od-pa.
Uesin ((IIi-CU.
Resist rgol-ba.
Resolute 10-1Ia (UJj·se lV.
Resolve vh.n. (decide) hgro-ba, (arrrCOO-
"..
Resound )!rol-lJa.
Respect s. bkur-ba, bkur-sti; M'lk-rim,guB-
pa; jlU-dud, sri-Zu; to pay one's respects
rje-8a or ie-sa byed-paj best respects! zu
1Y. 476; in C\'cry- rnam-pakun-tu; witb
- to fa MO.
Respect vb. n. I'tsi3 byed-pa.
Hespectahle btwll-pa.
Hespectful f!U8-pa.
]{espir.ation dbUfP.
Respire dlmgs fliub-pa daTi Qbyill-pa.
HespoDsibility fag.
Hest s. (rcmainacr) mfa, lus-ma, May-ma.
Hest s. (repose) sti,..ba; vb. Iffj.ba; fial )'80-
ba 127.
Restillg-place lam-t/l!f!.
Restless odug mi (sugs-pa 469.
Res tore 1'3°-00,
Restrain odul-ba; JU1I-pa; to be restrain-
ed dog-par ofI!JUr-ba.
Hestrict \'b. -8kar-ldg fUli-t"e- Iv.
Hetai n sk)Jil-ba, ofIegs-l'a 94, Sflyoit-ba 119.
RetaliatIOn mam(-par) 8mm(-pa); [a1l
"'.
Retinue olCor, J..'or-J'1Jog, ol.'or-odab; !ab8-
tn.fi, 8llU,
Retri buti on obra8-bu 400, la--lJ6g8 fl-H; Ian;
doctrille or - bflO:"8hll 8'J.
Return vb. a.[a1l byed-pa, fan Jal-ba; to
- an, a.nswer glon-paj vb,n. o"or-ba, log-
pa, 1'!111' o!Jro•ba,
Revenge s. dug8, la1l; to take - -durl or
-lan Iror-i:e" Iv.
Re,'ere mOfJ-pa,
Reverence d:u.rim, gu&-pa, bs1lyen-bkUr,
bag-yod(-pa), Ze-8U,
ReverenJ (title) r)e-bl8itn, bf3un-pa, dbu-
ric,
Reverse s
trary) zllU-pyl1-[mj klo[J, go-(J(,g, !Jo-l(,g.
Re vii e vb. 3. nnad-pa, yile-ba.
Revise vb, a. 8gyur-ba, Iia-ba.
Revision :al-ta 473.
Revolt vb, gyab-IOg blftd-pu, ,io-My byed-
"..
Hevo! ver -ron-bar t!ug-rdg- Iv. 023.
Heward s. rnan-pu, 8Ug; vb, rrian-pu.
Rheumatism !f''Um-bu, grum-nud; .grum-
r.
"W:, C,
l{ I odod en d 1'0 n ba-Iu, Ja-ii.
HlJubarb eu-cu,
adj. zUli-ldun,
It i b "'·f3(fJ(.)-ma,
Ribbon ociit-ba, leb-ma,
Hi ce obrlU; boiled - obras-lun j parcbed -
_obras-!f08.
Hich adj. plJug-po; - in rygas-pa, od::(Yfll-
"..
Itiehes s, dko!', lIor, dbyig(s), obyOI'-pO,
Rick Pub-rag8.
Riddle s, (enigma) ldem-po.
Ride vb, (on horseback) "/a-Ia Zon-Ie
09''O-ba; (in a carriage) $i,j-/a-Ia zon-Ie
f9.ro-ba,
Hlding-benst bzon-pa,
Right adj. (right-haud) yyas - pa; (not
wrong) dral;-p<J, #08"1'«; all right! (swi-
grigj - measure cag-food; to lie - "fjlig-
pa, ,'an-pa.
HIght s./.'rirtUl 60.
Itight<loUS rot.d,.wi-po.
Rim llgudritw,
Rind J.-OfI-pa. .
Hing s, a-11M; - dove A'U-llU; - worm Ce,
lting vb. a. (n bell etc.) i..'rol-ba,
Hinse UoJ-ba.
Ripe adj.8I/lin-pa.
Rise vb.n, (to get up) ldait-ba, lali-ba, kar
or ker-fali-ba, resp. bzen8.pa; (as the suo)
l
car-ba; (in the nir) <tllag.pa; (to come
orth) obur-ba, /mu,;-IJa.
Uisk s, nyen, bal'-'tQ(J.
Ris k vb, 0.. d:yet-bu, sdo-ba,
Hiva! s, "fjrall-zla.
Hiver Cu, obab-eu, eu-klwi, eu-bo,1f3a,;-
po 433.
R,vet s. <t.bl'l'[-m(sunUJ.
Hivulet ell-r'ran.
Uoad lam, Aul, ilul-Idm, 0fP0-8a; - book
.
Roam 'vr-ba, opytrba, o!Jrim-pa, yaJ'-b«,
Hoar v . n, ofrog-pa, ,iu-ba, ldir-bu,
8!Jr<J[J-pa,
Roar, J{o ad og s. 1;«-1'0,
Roas t ,'b, a. ridJd-pa, srl'g-pa.
Roast-flour J'f3am-pa,
Hob rJ.-u-ba, oProg--pa, -kog_tel:ger_ce-
Robber nli-sh'.
Robbery C01WJ, btom-pa,
Rock s, brag; - salt rdo-f8u.'a.
Rock ,'b.n, JEyom-pa, dpYUli-ba; "11. u.
dpya,i-Ia floli-ba 328,
Hoa leag, ltug_ma, db!JII-g-gu,
l-toll s, gril, o/or-w; paper -Isog-sgril, isog-
,'il lV.
U..II Save 655
Kill I vl.:.
*(/ril-ba,
xyi-i'-l>u\
t> one's sell'
-/xi,
^ji-i'-fm;
vh. n. Idir-lm;
the roll-
ing
of thunder Idi-ri-ri.
K ",,(' B.
/";/.
K
CM m >.
(apartment) /"//-/<", /fan-bu,
Kan-
itiiit. intii-niiii
<
'.
H'.;
(space) <7tt, #0;
to
iind v.
gffro-ba,
NO/I-/HI.
Root s.
ba-fag W.; rtsa-ba,
rtsad.
Root
up
vb. a. rttdd-nas
ycod-pa.
ll<>pe sgroys,
fay
pa.
I
{usury /</v/}-6a.
I 1 e
se-ba, yse-ba,
bse-ba.
Rose-coloured
dk-nr-rgyd.
Rot vb. n.
Odrul-ba,
nd-ba.
lv<>
uge skeg-fsos.
Rough </y>'i-j><>. rtsub-po, rags-pa,
rtsin-ba.
II o
ugh
ness //</
126.
Round
adj. kor-k6)",
kyir-kylr
W.',
<jor-mo,
sgor-mo\ zlum-pa;
ril-oa;
to make
-
sgun-ba\
to be made
Ogril-ba.
Round about adv.
kun-nas, pyogs
bzir.
Round
s.,
the of
transmigration Q
Kor-
ba5S.
Rouse
dki'og-pa\
*san skul-ce*W.
23.
Rove
offrim-pa, rgyu-ba.
Row vb.
sky
a
rgyab-pa.
Row s.
(series) gral, rim-pa.
Row s.
(fray) O
fab-mo,
O
dzin-mo.
Royal rgyal-poi; family rgyal-rigs;
-
residence
rgyal-sa.
Rub vb.
bdar-ba, Odrud-pa.
I! n b liish
t/iif-i-ti, rtlo-i-n,
s</-ro W.
II u
ly pad-m<t-r(i-<i<i.
Rudder
kya-mj
u>i.
lludc
./.'/,; rixiii-liu;
</i/<i/i-po, very
/"-
Rugged ytsan-ytxon, rtsub-i>.
Ruin vb. a.
^gud-pa',
to be ruined
j*9~P
a"
Ruinous
gog-fnt.
Ruins
s.,
a house in /.v///-/v//,
/,<i//-</og.
Rule s.
(regulation)
Krim*
51;
(special
di-
rection) spyad-mfsdms
456.
Rule vb. a.
^ad-pa,
dbah
sgyur-ba
or
byed-
pa.
Ruler
(governor) mna-bdag
; dban-po
; srid\
(instrument) fig-xi/i.
Rumination
(chewing
the
cud) skyug-lddd.
Rumour s.
grag-pa, ytam, bsod-pa\
*
zer-
k<>'*C.;
fsar-lo W.
Rump byan-Kog.
Run vb.
ryyug-pa, O
cor-ba" to about
Jiyam-pa
\
to
(flow)
off rdol-ba
;
to
-
a race
dkyu-ba.
Rupee
dnul; kyir-mo
Ld
} gir-mo 68, gor-
mo
W.;
Tibetan
-
*co-tdn* C.
145.
Rupture cag-cdd.
Rush s.
(reed) snyug-ma.
Rush vb.
Jcrog-pa, rgyug-pa.
Russia
rgya-ser.
Russian s.
rgya-ser-pa.
Rust s.
btsa, yya, Icags-yya.
Rut
(track) mat,
ml.
Sable s. bka-blon sram
W., brag-sram
W.
Sack s.
pad.
Sacrament dam-bca 250.
Sacred
dag-pa.
Sacrifice vb. a.
mcod-pa
166.
Sacrificial,
ceremony
sku-rim
22;
-
feast mcod-ston.
Saddle s.
sga, rta-sga;
cloth
ka-le, sga-
fcebs; girth
glo
W.
Saddle vb. a.
sga bstad-pa, resp. cibs-sga
bstad-pa.
Safe
adj. brtan-pa, btsan-po.
Saffron
gur-kuni', Ka-ce-skyes
36-
Saiga-antelope rgya-ra.
Sail s.
dar, yyor-mo.
Sail vb.
gru-la
zon-tc lam-du
O gro-ba\
v.
also
rgal-ba
103.
Saint
grub-tob
78; skyes-bu
dam
-pa
31;
rnal-Jbyw-pa
315.
Sake,
for the
ofpyir
351.
Sal ammoniac
rgya-fsd ;
fsa-tse C.
Salary p'ogs.
Salt s.
fswa, lan-fswa',
vb.a. fsica
Odebs-pa.
Saltpetre
ze-fswa,
so-ra.
Salutation
pyag.
Salute vb. a.
pyag O
fsal-ba,
Jbul-ba
or
byed~pa.
Same
adj. nyid;
at the time
ycig-car\
of
the kind,
ycig-pa, ycig-ycig
W.\
one
and the
ycig\
the
very
de-Ko-na,
de-
ka
;
de
ran,
de-ka ran.
Sample bkod-pa.
Sanctuary mcod-ynas.
Sand
bye-ma.
Sandal- tree tsan-dan.
Sanskrit
na-ga-ri.
Sap
s.
bcud,
tfu-ba.
Satiate
^raii-ba.
Satisfaction
skan-yso.
Satisfied
fsim-pa.
Satisfy
vb.a. v.
grati-baW.
v. //o?
Saturday.
Saturn
yza-Sjn-ii.
Sauce
skyu-i'um, spags.
Sausage sgyn-ina.
Save vb.a.
(deliver) stcyab* ////</-/, skyon-
6a,
sgrol-ba, skyob-pa, />a/i.s-/"/,
*ru/i-bai
(lay u[>)
.s/v'-/w
581,
paii-ba
340;
to be d
far-ba 230.
Itoll - Sl\n: 655
Ho II vh. n. If/"if...ba. /JfJI'f.baj lo - lil'lf
,·b. n. Mil'-Qa; tLe roll-
Ill@; of t1lllDder !dj-I'I:''''·.
Hoof s. fog.
Room ll. (npartnJenl) l'mi-pll, I.'ail-Im, fan·
mig, 'la".miy ('. 11'.; (spncl') [lu, flO; to
lilld - v. Jo,j.(,a.
Hoot ... ua-fa.l/ IV; I'ua-ba, rts(ul.
Root Ull vb. a. rt8ad-l1as yCod-I,a.
HOllc /JfJ1'OfJS, {atUla.
ItOSl\rY Jlrcli-ba.
Hose 3I.'-la, pe-ba, tAl-ba.
Hose-coloured (lkar-''!I.lJu.
Rot vb. n. o(h-ul-ba, 1'U1-ba.
Ho nge sklg-(So,.
H.ough yrJOti-/IQ, "auu-po, ra[ls-pa, l·/&i/i-Im.
Roughness Ijad 126.
Rouul! I\dj. l·or-I.·ol'; kyir-I.'1Jil' W; [10"·1110,
8[IOr-mo; dlllll.l'aj nl-Im: to make-
SYOli-ba; to be mulle - o[lril-ba.
Hound nbout ndv. kun-11a8,p!lOf/s UZir.
Ho und s., the - of 1l1Ul,<:tnigrntlOIl o/.!Ol'-
ba 1)8.
Ito use dl.·rOfJ-p<t: -"ali d,'III-U'W 2:1.
Rove 09rim-pa, r[l1lu-ba.
Row vb. sk!la r[lyalrpa.
Row s. (series) gral, l·im-pa.
Row s. (frny) o{alMllo od:;ili-mo.
''!Iyal-poij - family Tfl!/akftp;
resIdence r[lyal-sll.
Rub ,·b. Mar-[,a, od"id-pa.
ItllbLilll1 [llll-I'O, IYW-ro, ,11-'oV IV:
Itu by pad.mn-ra'[la.
Hudder sk!l(l.-m)uy.
Rude o'-!oo; I'l8i,l-OO; fj!JO,I-po, very - fa-
gym-c('.
y/sa"'rtJI(J,;, rlsub-lJO.
Ituln vb. n. .!J1ld-pa; to be ruined Ji!l-lJa.
Ruinous 90<./"/1().
Ruins s., n house in - fa,i-rul, Ileui-f/OU.
Rule s. (refo;ulatioll) 1.',1'"" 51; (special di-
rection) '//!jad'lII{sums 400.
nule vb. 3. ofjOd-pa, dbll/; .gyuI'·ba or b!Jld-
1'1.1.·
Ruler (go\'crnor) lIlila-bdugj dwn-po; .rid;
(instrument) (i!/.Ji/,.
Hu min at ion {chcwingthecud)sk!fU,9-lddd.
Rumaur s. yrag"pa, rtaln, Uod-]>a: -ttl'-
k('- C.; {sor-lo W:
It tllll P uyali-l{OV·
Run vb. rY!Jlly-pa, ocol'-ba; to - about
/:'!Jam"jJa; to - (flow) offrdol-ba; 10-
II- r(I.Ce dJ.:!lu-IJa.
Rupee dnal; k!Jir-mo IA., !liMIlO 68, [JOI"
'00 Jv.; Tibetan - -':!l'.tdli- C, 140-
Ihpture lag-cud.
Rush s. (reed) snyuu·ma.
Hush vb. ol.'roy·pa, I'fjylly-pa.
Hussin. rmJU-ser.
Hussinn s. ''9Yu-ser-pa.
Itust s. blsa, ma, li:(J9s-fya.
Hut (track) mal, 3Ul.
s
Sn.ble s. ['ka-bloll Sl'al/l IV., bl'ug-Iwam W.
Snck s. pad.
SacrAlllent dam-bCa 2j().
Sacred dag-pa.
Sacrifice vb. II. mCod-pa 100.
Sacrificial, - ceremony d:u_rhn 22;
feast
Sl\ddle s. spa, - cloth ka-M, lJfJa-
litbs; - gla W
Saddle vb. n. sga bstml-pa, rcsp. CibNfja
;'tad-pa.
Su.fc ndj. brta"·pa, blsan-po.
Saffron yJ.U'-klnll; l.'a-ce-sl.:!It'1lli.
Snigll.-n.Dtelope ''!I!1a-I'a.
Sail 8. Jal',l'!JO,'-mo.
Sll.i I vb. !I.'U.la zon-u lalll-du 09''a-ba: v.
1\1$0 'Ylal-ba 100.
Snint grllb-tOb 78; SkYC3-bu dam-pa 31;
rllai- b!J<1l'-l'u
Sake, for the - of l{gil' 3[11.
Snl ammoniac I"f/yu-{sd; (sa-W C.
Salary fogs.
Sal t 8. (Sica, lall-hlCa; ,·h. n. (11M odro.-/Ia.
SAltpetre ze.-{'/(.'a, .1o·ra,
Salutation pyag.
Salute vii. n. Jl!Jag o{sal-ba, iJlJ.I-f.,a or
byed-pa.
SllnLe adj. 'lyid; nt the - time yi:ifr;:al'i of
the - kind )'Cig-pa, ycig-fi:ig W; one
lind tbe - frig; the \'ery - de-J!tJ-1la, de-
loaj de 1'1.1.';, de-ka rali.
Sample bkod-pa.
Snnctuary mCod-YJ/(u.
San d byt-ma.
Sandal-tree
Sanskrit
Snp s. bald, ku-lm.
Sati ate .,gra,i-OO.
Sa.tisfaction u·<liI_yw.
Slltisfied {3im-pa.
Satisfy vb.ll. v.[lrali-baf18; v.liorll-pal:n.
SaturdllY. Saturll
Sa. u ce Sky"'I'IIIIJ, S/KuJII.
Sausage Vj!/II-f/l(l.
SLH'e ,'b.o.. (deli"er) sJ..ynbs bytd-'lJa, u'!J<Ili.
00, Af!rt'.ll-ba, 3kl,jOb-pa, sMl1i-ba:
(lay up) 8l'i·Ufl MIl, /iari"-ba tHO; to be-d
l<Jr-iH,
656
Saviour
Set
Saviour
skyabs-mgon
26; srog-skyob
W.
Savour
s. bro-ba.
Saws.
sog-leC.,
cad- or
rgya-sogW.;
vb. a.
*cad-sog
srul-ce* W.
Say sgo-ba, resp.
mol-ba
W.', smra-ba,
zer-
ba, bsad-pa, resp. ysun-ba;
bka-rtsol-ba;
he
says,
be said no-re
300;
to
nothing
of
(let alone)
Ita ci smos.
Scale s.
(of
a
fish) Krab; (of
a
balance)
Jcu-
le; (for measuring)
skar-fsdd; pair
of
scales sraft.
Scale off vb. n.
gog-pa.
Scar s. rmai
rjes,
or
sul,
or mal.
Scarce
adj. dkon-pa.
Scarf
ska-raffs',
ofsalutation
Ka-btdgs
37.
Scatter vb. a.
Ogrems-pa, ytor-ba;
to be
scattered
O
for-ba.
Scene
gron-Kyer,
Itad-mo;
v.
gleh-yzi.
Scenery
snan-fsul.
Scent s.
(odour) nod,
dn-bsun.
Scholar
(pupil) grwa-pa,
slob-ma,
slob-
bans, slob-prug, Krid-prug,
mKan-bu,
rgyud-pa ; (man
of
letters) mlcas-po.
School
s.grwa, slob-grwd, cos-gra; boy
grwa-prug;
house
grwa-kan
;
master
grwa-dpon;
room
bsad-grwd;
table
cos-Kri.
Science
rig-pa;
sciences
ytsug-ldg.
Scientific,
work bstan-bcos.
Scissors
can-pa
155,
cem-tse
C., grim-tse
Sik.
Sclerotic of the
eye gans.
Scold vb.
bka-bkyon-pa, spyo-ba.
Scoop
s.
skyogs;
vb. a.
O
cu-ba.
Scope Ogro-sa, spyod-yul.
Scorn vb. fo-
fsam-pa.
Scrap cag-dum.
Scrape
vb.
Jbrad-pa, Odrad-pa.
Scratch vb.
spar-mos Q
br
ad-pa.
Scream vb.
sgrog-pa.
Screaming
s.
skad-ndn, skad-log.
Screw s.
ycu-ba.
.Scripture, Holy scripture, ysun-rdb, ysun-
mcog.
Scrotum
rliq-bu,
rlia-subs.
O I
ocruple
s.
rtog-pa, rnam-rtog.
Scullion
ma-yyog, t'ab-yyog.
Sculpture
brkos-ma.
Sea
rgya-mfso; captain ded-dpon\
-
monster cu-srin.
Seal s.
(stamp) rgya, resp. pyag-rgyd;
fe-
mo,
col.
fe-tse; dam-Ma,
resp. pyag-ddm;
vb. a. dam-Ka
brgyab-pa.
Sealing-wax
la-ca.
Seam s.
mfa-ma, sne-mo,
fsem(-po).
Search vb.
Ofsol-ba,
yzig-pa;
to into sar-
or
t'sar-ycod-pa.
Season dus
255, *nam-da,
nam-la*
304.
Seat s.
tfri, rten,
yzi-ma
480.
Seclusion
dben-pa, dben-ynas
389.
Secrecy Ikog.
Secret s. and
adj. ysan-ba.
Secretary yig-mKan',
bka-drun C.
Sect
cos-lugs, lugs.
Section
Kag,
skabs, skor,
rnam-pa,
bam-
po, dbye-ba-, yan-lag.
Sedan-chair
'Jryogs, Kyogs-dpyan, peb-
dpyan
C.
Sediment
snyigs-pa, tsigs-ma,
ro.
Seduce
rnod-pa,
slu-ba.
Seducer
mi-dgei bses-nyen.
See vb.
mfon-ba,
resp. yzigs-pa',
to be seen
snan-ba.
Seed s. sa-bon.
Seek
O
fsol-ba.
Seize
Ojug-pa, O fam-pa, O fogs-pa, Qdzin-pa,
len-pa, resp. bzes-pa.
Seizure
O
dzin.
Select vb.
Odam-pa, Jbyed-pa.
Self no
129, nos, nyid, bdag, ran,
I
myself
ned-ran
128,
na-ran
522; dependant
ran-dban.
Selfish dnos-
dzin-can;
to be nos
O
dzin-
pa.
Selfishness dnos-
Qdzin,
ran- dod.
Sell
O fson-ba;
to be sold
Ogyag-pa, O grim-
pa
W.
Send
skur-ba, Jtal-ba, mnag-pa, yton-ba,
rdzon-ba,
zlog-pa;
to for
Ogugs-pa;
to
forth
Obyin-pa;
to word
sprin-ba.
Senior
(elder) rgad-po.
Sense s.
(intellectual power) blo-gros 385,
dban-po
387; (meaning) dgons-pa 87,
don
258.
Sensible fsul-mfun.
Sentence
zal-ce;
to
pass
zal-ce
ycod-
pa\ fag-cod-pa byed-pa.
Sentiment bio
384;
false
Ita-log
217.
Sentinel
mel-fse, bya-ra.
Separate
vb. a.
dgar-ba;
vb. n.
Ogol-ba,
Ogye-ba, Opral-ba;
so-so
byed-pa;
to be
separated Jbral-ba.
Separate adj. sgos;
so-so.
Separation gud
69-
Sepulchre
ban-so.
Series
gral, gras, rim-pa.
Serpent
sbrul;
demon klu 8.
Serrated con-con.
Serum cu-ser.
Servant
yyog-po, yyog-mo; Kol-po,
Jcol-mo;
bran-po,
bran-mo; bran-K6l; mi-lag ;
zabs-
pyi, mhag-yzug; your
servant! da cen zu
W.
152.
Serv e vb. zal-ta
byed-pa;
to
up Odren-pa.
Service
zabs-tog 472;
at
your
--
!
oh-le,
'
W.
Sesame
til;
oil til-mar.
Set vb. a. to about
rtsom-pa, cas-pa;
to
-
at
pyo-pyo;
to forth
rjod-pa;
to
-
in order
Ogod-pa, ytan-la Jhebs-pa;
vb. u.
6"
Saviour - Set
Saviour 3I..yu!J&'''TJ1fjQTli'6j 3rog-d:!Joo W:
Snvour s. 61'0-00.
Sfl IV s. 8og-1e c., cad· or rr!!lu-arig W j vb a.
-Cad-.M>f/ srul-te· 11'.
Say resp. nwl-ba lV.; sml'u-Qa, ze,....
60, bJad.pa, resp. )'$wi-ba; bka-rlMJi-bu;
he Sllys. (Ie $Rid J'I(H'e 300; to - nothing
of (let alone) Ita i:i MI08.
Scale s. (of allsh) t:rab; (of a Lalance) J..'u-
Wj (for mco.suring) skar - (sad; piliI' of
scales sra,i.
Scale off vb. D. 90f1-pa.
Scar s. "mai "')f'$, or suI, Or mal.
Scarce adj. dkon-ptl.
Scarf ska'l'fPj$j -ofsalutation lla..btJgs 37.
Scatter vb. a. o!l'"ema-pa, ytQT-ba; to be
scattered o(Qr·ba.
Scene gron-fyir. ltad-rrw; v. gle/i-f:l.
Scenery s7lati-(su!.
ScenL s. (odour) fwd, dri-bsuil.
Scholar (pupil) gnca-pa, slob.ma, slob-
hlUis, slob-Pru9, },lriJ-tfl-Ug, mJ..'an-bu,
rgyud-p(l; (man of letters) mJ..'as-po.
School s.grv;a, slob-[rrwd, (03-91'(1; - boy
gl"lca-pru[J; - house grwa-kll1i; - master
grwa-dpdn; - room Uad-gru:d; - table
lm-Itn·.
Science ri[J-pa; sciences
Scientific. - work bstan-bM.
Scissors can-pa 1M, rem-Iu C.,
Sik.
Sclero tic of the eye
Scold vb. bka-bl..yon-pa,
Scoop s. vb. a.len-ba.
Scope .,fJY(Na, spyod-yu .
Scorn vb. (O·of3am-pa.
Scrap cag-dum.
Scrape vb. J)rad-pa, llrad.pa.
Scratch vb. Sjlar-mos obrad-pa.
Scream vb. sfI"OfJ-pa.
Screaming s. skad-lidn, skad-ldfJ.
Screw s. yl:«-ba.
. turc, Holy scripture, Ylllui..,.ah, Y3!/,1t-
meofl·
Scrotum 'I'lig-bu, dig-subs.
Scrn/lle s. rIOfl'pa, rnum-I·Mg.
Seul ion ma-)'yQg, {ab-ryJg.
Sculpture brkos-ma.
Sea. T[JlJa-mf8<J; - captain ded-ripon;
monster Ju·srin.
Se al s. (stamp) 1'fJ!Ja, resp. p!Jag-l'g!Jri; (e-
mo, 001. {e-t.se; (lam-Ra, resp. pyag-dam;
vb. a. dam-ea bI'VJaf;..pa.
Sealing-wax la-ca.
Seam s. m{a-ma, sne-mo, fsem(-po).
Search vb. ouol-ba, yZig-pa; t() - into sal"
or _
Season dus 255, -nam-da, nam-la- 304.
Seat s. I..'ri, rlen,
Seclusion dhen,pa, dben-rni¥.
Secrecy 1!«Jg.
Secret s. and adj.
SecretlJ,ry yig-ml.an; bka-druli C.
Sect eos-lugf, lugs.
Section Rag, &'llbs, skol', rnam-pa, bam-
dbye-ba; yau-la[J.
Sedan-chair o1lyfJg3, I..'!JogS-dpYllIi, "Jib-
dP!lati C.
Sediment suyigs-pa, 1'0.
Seduce "Iiod-pa, slu-ba.
Seducer mi-Jgei bies-nyln.
See vb. m{OIi..ca, resp. r::.ifl8-pa; to be seen

Seed s.3a-bon.
Seek ouol-ba.
Sei ze Jug-pa, p(am-pa, o(oY3-Pa, o(1::.i"-pa,
len-pa, rcsl'. QZN-pa.
Seizure od2in.
Select vb. odam-pa, obyed-pa.
Self no lW, ,i03,Tlyid, bday, run, I myself
lied-rali 128, I;a-"ali f>'.!l!; - depenrllUlt
rali-dbU/i.
Selfish dli03-od:::in.can; to be - ilO3odzin-
po.
Selfishness d,i03·oddn, rali.-oddd.
Sell/8<Jlj-ba; to be sold o!!!Iay'pa, oyrim-
palY.
Send oRal-bu, mliag-pa, rIO,i-ba,
nl::.mi-ha, zlcg-pa; to - for [>flUfIS-pa; to
- forthJbyin-pu; to - wora spri,i_ba.
Senior ( dcr) rgad-po.
Sense 8. (intellectual power) 610-grw 38b,
dba,i-po 387; (meaning) dfJom-pa 87, don
256.
Sensible f3ul-m(un.
Sentence zal-ui to pnss - zal- Ce rOOd-
pa; (ag-Cod-pa IJged-pa.
Sentiment blo 3$4; wise - Ita-My 217.
Sentinel mel-fu, bya-t·a.
Sel'fHllte vb. a. dgar-ba; vb. n. o!fOl-ba,
o!IyNJa, ol;ral-ba; 8<J • .t6 byed-pa; to be
sepamted obral-ba.
SepariUe adj. "£/03; 80-30.
Separation gud (;9.
Sepulchre baJ;-8Q.
Series gral, gl'af, ,·im-pa.
Serpent sbrul; - demon 8.
Serrated eo,i..:JJi.
Serum eu-w.
SenaDt f!JOfJ-po, fYOf/-m(); A'ol-po, Ilol-mo;
brat/fo, bran-mo; bra>l-fMl; lIIi-ldg; 1:ab3-
pyi, milag-rzug; your sen'ant! da len Zit
Iv. 162.
Sen' e vb. zal-Ia byed-pa; to - up odl'en-pa.
Service 1:ah3-fdg 472; I\t )'OUI' --!eli-fe,
'a W.
Sesame til; - oil til-mdr.
Set \'b. fl, to - abont rtsom-pa, cas·pa; to
. at VJIo..}iy6; to -- forth r)od'pa; to -
in order ;goo-pa, /""'t-pa; vb. n.
Settle
to
(of
the
sun)
/tuft-jut,
.</,-
i/i
></-ji(t
\\'.:
to out
(depart) i-tis-jm.
Settle vb.a.,
to a biiHiie>s ,/,,
c,/.pa\
\ I), ii.
fsni/s-fitt
|.v.i.
Settled
adj. (decided) ;<nl-/nt; (at
an end
;
S e 1 1 1 r in en t
(colony)
n num. A*///
//:>eventh
Ixlnn-fxr.
seven-
teen />('//-/></HIK seventeenth
hcu-bdun-pa,',
seventy
/'</// //-<//: seventieth
Inlnn-cu-pa.
era
1 /.
:
<t-t-i</,
^a,
mi- <lr<i-l>n.
Severe
yny<n/-j><i, drag-pa.
Severity
nad W.
Sew
Ofsem-pa.
Sex rten no.
4,
213.
Sexual
rten-</yi.
Shackle s.
Icags, Icags-sgrog.
Shade s.
(/rib.
Shadow s.
g
'rib-ma.
Shake vb. a.
skyod-pa, skyom-pa, sgul-ba,
sprug-pa
;
vb. n.
^ul-ba, Icogs-pa.
Sham,
to
perform
a work bcos-su
byed-
pa.
Sname s.
Krel,
no-fsa,
bag-yod(-pa)
364,
zabs- dren
472
;
it is a ! Ki'el-ba
yod
W.
(*/;/-
//-a
i/<><i*).
S h a rn eface d no-fsa-can.
Shameless
Krel-med',
iio-fsa-med-pa.
Shajie
s.
(/Ay/A.s,
yzugs,
cas, bkod-pa.
Share vb.
bgod-pa',
s.
bgo-skal,
skal-ba\ ca,
msY/'.s.
Sharer
go-Kan
W.
Sharp adj. (not blunt)
rno-ba"
(to
the
taste)
fsa-ba;
ber-can.
Sharpness (of
an
edge)
K'a
IV,
no.
5,
35-
Sharpsightedness mig-sdl
W.
Shave
Jbreg-pa,
bzar-ba.
Shawl do-sa-ld.
She
pron.
/
f
o,
Icon
41,
de
255.
Sheaf
lag-kod.
Shears v.
can-pa
155.
Sheath s. subs.
Shed s.
(slight building)
bkad-sa
12-
Shed vb.a.
Idug^pa, blug-pa; (tears)
bsil-ba.
Sheep lug\
flock of
lug-l'yu\
fold
lug-
rd.
Sh e e t of
paper gre-ga 6'., so(/-bu ; sog-gdit
W.
Shelf slaii-Ka.
Shell s.
(husk) kog-pa, gaii-bu, lgai>-bu;
(mollusk)
dun
253,
O gron-bu 102;
vb. a.
byi~ud-pa.
Shell-lac
rgya-skyfys.
Shelter s.
skyibs; skyabs-ynds ;
yyam\
car-
Shining Cbriirhl;
/-///-////-A'/.
lcam-iiu'-lta\
KroLKrol
U'.
Shi|.
-.
lira, iiru-li".
yzin*\
master c
Shirt >.
ui'jn-L-ui-
/.</.
[upon.
Shiver vb.
Ogut-li.
Shoe s. Hut in: soft
ba-bu;
of
plaited
-tra\v
lnt-la\ strap
Unini-xyr6q.
Shoot s.
li-n<i-ni(i\
vb. n.
J.nin-lia;
vb.a.
Shepherd lug-pa.
Shield s.
pa-li, pub.
Shift vb. n.
O i><>-f>ir.
Shine vb. n.
car-ba, Ofser-ba, sna>'i-ba;
s.
jod.
(
Shooting-star ke-tu,
skar-mdd.
Shore
^ram,
skam-sa.
Short
fun-ba;
in
sgril-bas 120,
mdor-na
273;
cf. also zur-txam
489.
Shortsighted miy-rgyaii-tii
<'< .
Shoulder s.
dpufi-pa, prog-pa,
blade
sog-pa.
Shout vb.
^rags-pa, sgrog-pa.
Shovel s.
lcyem\
coal
me-skyogs.
Show vb. a.
ston-pa, nom-pa, sdigs-pa.
Showman Itad-mo-mkan.
Shrewd
mfcas-pa.
Shrine rten.
Shrink vb. n.
(to
be
contracted) Okum-pa,
(to recoil) Odzem-pa, cum-pa.
Shriveled, Shrunk, Kums-pa.
Shudder vb
yya-ba.
Shun
spoh-ba,
Qdzem-pa.
Shut vb.a.
(a door) Ogegs-pa; (the eyes)
Qdzum-pa\
to off or out
Jcegs-pa',
to
-
up skyil-ba, sgyoh-ba.
Shuttle
doit-po.
Shy
vb. n.
(of horses) Odrog-pa.
Shy adj. Odrog-can.
Sick
nad-pa\
v. also
yi-ga
cus
508.
Sickle
zor-ba, rgya-zdr.
Sickly
nad-bu-can.
Side s.
logs, no, nos, nogs, Odabs,
rol
536,
Kud-ma; (of
the
body)
dku, yzogs, glo->
Ogram, (direction) pyogs
352.
Sieve
Icags-fsags.
Sigh
s.
Kog-sugs
W., sugs-ndr, sugs-r/'/i.
Sight
If
ad-mo, sna/i-ba,
mfotl-sndn.
Sign
s.
rgya, resp. p'yag-rgya; mfsan-ma,
mfsan-nyid, rgyu-mfsan; rtags',
brda
297.
Signature r;ii/<i-rf<tgs.
Signification
don.
Signify
v.
yin-pa
510.
S i k i m
Obras-lj6i<*.
Silence cem-me-ba.
Silent,
to be
ka*rog-pa\
can mi smra-
ba.
Silk
dar,
gos',
cloth za
-*6g\
thread
gos-skiid;
silks
gos-cen
}
col.
'
Silk- worm dar-srin.
Silver s.
d/ail;
in bars
gag.
S i in i 1 a r
O
dra-ba
; *fsogs-se*
W.
Similitude
(///<'.
Simple r!cy<t/i-pa.
Simultaneously ycig-car.
42
Settle G57
to - (of the SUlI) 1ltW-pU, Ir.;
to - out (depnrt)
Settll' ,-b.•., to·- l\ yo Cod-pu;
lb. n.l3IlfJ3'l'U 4:f.}.
:-; et tIc Ii lIdj. (tlccided) :wl-l1a; (Ilt lin end)
:il/-ptl, 'Yl:0[I3-p(l.
(colony) baW4U.
':::c YC n tlllllI. SCI·cn·
tCCli hell-lx/u1/; SCYCllh:.'Cuth btll-btlull-pa;
bdWI-CtI; ,;cI'clltieth lxlwl-i:u'pa.
1.'(1·89, 09",
SeYCre yt"/(i/I-pU, drag.pa.
':::c\'crit)' ,iad W
Sc W < (u'III·pa.
::;ex rlclI no. l, 213.
rtNI-fIJli.
Shnckle s. /tays, lCUYN!Jrt)!J.
Shad e s. fI''ib.
Shadol\' s. grib-1lIu.
Shl1ke lb. n. sJ.'!Itxl'lla, 3l.:y<l7l1-pa, &flul.ba,
vb. n. cfllll-ba, li:Qg&-pa.
Sbnlll, to perfol'm II. - work bi;o&--8u byw·
pa.
Shnmo s. IlI·tl, ,w-{&a, bag·!Jtxl(-pa) 3Gi,
-112; it is II -! r:I'tl·OO yod W:
(-M-Ira
SlInmcfnced tio-{lW·cafl.
SII a In0 I es s A"Y'I-mid; ,io-{sa-lIItd-pa.
Ii l\ l'e s. dbyibs, ),zu!Js, cas! bAm-pa.
:,harc I'b. lJuad-pa; s. b!Jo-skaf, sJ.·af-ba; ca,

Sharer yo-lEa}l W:
S hnrr ndj. (not blunt) (to the tll»to)
{w.ba; bl'r·(·an.
Sh:\rpncss (of nn edge) A'a IV, no.:;, 35.
Sbul'I,siglttedness mig.sdl W.
Shtl \'0 b:al··OO.
Shn wI llo-¥lt-16.
She proD. 1.'0, A'olj 41, de
She:t.f lag-kdd.
Sltellrs v. cun-pu 15(;.
She:lth s. .iube.
Shell s. (slight ltuilding) Mtld-stl 12.
Shed 1'1..1\. h711ft'pa, Mug.pa; (tenrs)bsil-ba.
Sheep rug; 1I0ck of - fuy-A'yu; - fold lU{J-
I·d.
Sheet of Ilul,er!J,'e"f/a G:,Jcy-bu;
Shelf ualj-fa.
Shell s. koy-pa, !Jwi.f!u, 19a,i·bu;
dlOi 2;,;J, o!!"oll-bu 10"2; ,'b. n.
bgrlUl-pa.
Shell·lac
SIi eI te r :>. 3I.'!JWs i sJ.'!JalJs.)'llIi3; )'yam; car-
M'!Jibs.
Shepherd lug-p6.
SbielJ s./la_U,/iub.
Shift vb. n. ol!o-ba.
Shine vb.n. car-ba,o($er·ha, ma,i.ha; s.
#ori.
Sit iII i II A' (bright) i:em-11u·bll,
J.'/'ol-J.',·ol W:
Shill Il. yru, g"u-w, y:ili.; - muter
Sili rt 8. tnlfrkdr 1..<1. (dpon.
Shiver vb. oflul-ba.
Shoe s. Mum; soft ba-bu; - o( pl.ited
l<trnw bu-Ia; - :>lrll.p 1II«l""'Jf}rdg.
Shoot 8. lCug''nIa; vb.n. _..l'lwi-ba; vb.•.
oIN-II·pa.
ShootlUg·stllr l.'iJ-lU, d:ar·mdd.
Sh 0 re o9ram,
Short {uJi-bai ia - '[II'il-ha. mdor-11.U
273; ef. aho :ll,--uam 489.
Shurtsi ghted 'IlIig-ryyali-{Iili.
Shoulder 8. (/jill/i-pa, 1"'o,')-p4; - blade
SOY_pll.
Shout vb. o!JT'U'js-pa, IfIt'Of!-pa·
Shovel s. tSemi coni - 1I1e-.k!Jogs.
Show vb. a. sl<m-pa, ,;om-jia,ldigs-Ila.
Showml1n It(l(l-lIlo..-mkaJl.
Slu-ewd mfla!-pa.
Shr i n e ,·len.
Shrink \'b. n. (1,0 be contracted) ol'Um--pa,
(to recoil) odzem1Ul, eum-pa.
Shriveled, Shrunk, J.'tllns-pa.
Shudder vb rlla-ba.
SII 1111 fJlO,i-OO, ori:::tm-pa.
Shut vb. a. (II. door) outys·pa; (the eyes)
iL--um-pa; to - off or out o..l'ctls.pa; to
- up sA:yi{-ba, Sf}!JO,i-ba.
Shuttle doli-po.
S h)' vb. n. (of horses) odI'OfI·pa.
Shy adj. odrog-tan.
Sick nad.pu; v. nlso yi-ga Cus ros.
Sickle :or-ba, rgya-::.or.
Sickly 'Ilad.f!u.(:ull.
Side !i. logs, no, ,io&, .iogs, odabe, rol63G,
A:ud-ma; (of the body) dl,t, rzogs, glo.
o9l'am, (direction) P!logs 3.;,2.
Sieye Nags-{sUflS·
Sigh s. /tog.;';'gs W., 8I1gs-ndr, SU!Js-l'iJi.
Sight UaJ·1tlO, sna,i-w,lII{o,i-.nali.
Sign s. rglla, resp. P!JI'[I-''f/!JIt; m{$uJI.",a,
lIIuan""yid, rgJlft-m{salJ; rtaf13; bl'lla 2'91.
Signature /,g!la-rtu!Js.
Signification don.
Sig-nify v. yin.pa 610-
Si kim obras.{joJi3.
Silence ccm-me-ba.
Silent, to be - Ifa-rog-puj Cali lIIi &/lira-
bo_
Silk dar, gos; - duth :I'·A,; - threud
f/OS-sl1.d; flOS-cill, col. go-Sbl.
Silk-worlD dm·-srill.
Sih'er s. •hiul; - in baN gag.
Similar odra-ba; -{IOf/$-u/'W.
Similitude dpt:.
Sinll,le I'I!!JaI••pa.
Simultnlteouslr
42
658
Sin Soldier
Sin s.
sdig-pa,
nyes-pa, nyon-mons-pa
skyon, sgrib-pa;
heinous rme-ba
425;
deadly
mfsams-med-pa
455.
Since
adv.
(ever since) bzuns-te; conj. pas.
Sincere
dran-po.
Sinew
cu-ba.
Sinful
sdig-can, skyon-can.
Sing glu len-pa.
Singed, Singeing me-yzob.
Single adj. (separate) ycig-ka, ycig-pulM',
nyag-ma,rkyah-pa-,
(unmarried) Hyo-med;
cun-ma-med]
combat
Jcrug-pa,
dzin-mo.
Sink vb. n.
rgud-pa, nub-pa Jbyin-ba.
Sinner
sdig-po, sgrib-pa.
Sir
ytso-bo
434; sa-heb,
col. sab
571; 'a-)
6
603;
dear Sir bzin-bzdn
483.
Sister
srin-mo, meed,
resp.
lcam-mo;
elder
-
'a-ce
603; younger
nu-mo
305.
Sit
sdod-pa, resp. bzugs-pa; Odug-pa,
Kod-
pa; sitting cross-legged skyil-krun
27.
Site mal.
Situated,
to be towards Ita-ba.
Situation
ynas-skabs.
Six num.
drug,
sixth
drug-pa',
sixteen bcu-
drug,
sixteenth
bcu-drug-pa ;
sixty drug-
cu,
sixtieth
drug-cu-pa.
Size
ce-kyad, ce-cun, tsad, bon, tfyon, rgya.
Skeleton ken-rus.
Sketch s.
bkod-pa-,
zur tsam bsdu-ba
489.
Skilful
mKas-pa, sgrin-po, fabs-ses-pa;
fobs-can
W.;
skyen-pa, spyan-po.
Skill
sqyu-rtsdl.
01- 77
okin s.
pags-pa,
ko-ba.
Skirt s.
gos-sgab, gos-mfa,
fu-ba.
Skull
fod-pa.
Sky nam-mKa,
ynam.
Slab
span, yya-ma.
Slacken vb. a.
glod-pa.
Slackened
adj. lhod-pa. Ihod-po.
C 1 J
e
7
*
Blander s.
pro-ma, smad-sgra.
Slander vb.
pra-ma
byed-pa,
or
smra-ba,
or
Jug-pa,
resp. ysol-ba,
zu-ba.
Slanderer
pra-ma-mkan.
Slanting yo-ba,
yon-po.
Slate
yya-ma.
Slaughter
s.
ysod-ycod;
vb.a.
ysod-pa,
ske
y
cod-pa,
resp. Qgom-pa.
Slave s.
bran,
mnag-yzug.
Sleep
s.
ynyid,
resp.
mnal
Sleep
vb.
nyal-ba,
ynyid-log-pa,
resp.
yzim-pa.
Sleeping-room yzim-Kan.
Sleet s.
fca-ma-cdr.
Sleeve
pu-dun.
Slender
kyan-po; kyan-kyan
rin-mo W.
Slide
vb. n.
O
dred-pa.
Slight adj. pra-ba.
Slight
vb. a.
Ogyin-ba, O
gyin-bag byed-pa',
co-
Q
dri-ba.
Sling
s.
sgu-rdo;
stone
rdo-yyug.
Slip
in vb. n.
Kril-ba, Jcyud-pa, O
dzul-ba.
Slope
s.
gud, nogs.
Sloping gym-mo
W.
Slow
bul-po,
dal-ba;
(irresolute)
*lo-sna
man-ba;
lo-sna rin-mo* W.
Slowly nan-gis, gul-gul; gu-leW., ga-le
C.
Slowness
dal-ba,
dal-bu.
Smack
vb. Ka
brdab-pa; dkan-sgra O
debs-
pa
W.
Small
cun-ba,
cun-tse
W.; pra-ba.
Small-pox Jbrum-nad.
Smart
adj. (gaily dressed)
rnam-
gyur-
can;
yzab-mo, yzab-sprod; mcor-po.
Smash
ycog-pa,
rdun-ba.
Smear
skud-pa, Obyug-pa.
Smell s.
bsun;
vb. a.
snom-pa;
vb. n.
mnam-pa.
Smile s.
Odzum,
vb. n.
Odzum-pa.
Smith
mgar-ba.
Smoke s.
dud-pa;
vb.a.
(tobacco) O
fun-ba.
Smooth
adj. Jam-pa.
Smooth vb. a.
dbur-ba, ^.ur-ba,
"ur-ba.
Smoothing-iron Icags-bsro.
Smuggle pag-fson byed-pa.
Smut s.
sre-nag; sre-mog
W.
Snail
skyogs-lto-bu;
clover
^ol.
Snake
sbrul, Jbu-rin,
lto-
gro.
Snap
s.
(with
the
fingers) skad-cig
19.
Snare s.
rnyi, snyi.
Snatch vb.
Ogog-pa.
Sneak vb.
Jab-pa.
Sneeze vb.
sbrid-pa.
Snipe skyar-po, cu-skyar;
tin-ti-lin Ld.
Snivel s. snobs.
Snore vb.
nug-pa,
snur-ba.
Snow s.
Ka-ba, gans;
ball
Ka-gon;
-
bridge rud-zam;
fall
Obab;
leopard
ysa. bsa',
shoe
dkyar; slip Ka-rud;
storm
Ka-fsub, rlun-fsub,
bu-yug.
Snuff s. sna-
ddg
W.
S o ces
142,
de-ltar
256,
O
di-ltar
275,
de-bzin-
du
256,
de- dras
282; just
de-ka-ltar
255;
so as tsam
430;
so that
tsam-du;
so
then
yan
505-
Soak sbon-ba.
Soap
s.
glan-gldd
C.,
sa-bon W.
Soar
Idin-ba, Opyo-ba.
Sobs, nud-mo.
S o c a
g
e
jui-lag
499.
Society,
human
fsogs
451.
Socket of the
eye mig-Kun.
Sod skan-sa.
Soda bul.
Soft
Jam-pa, mnyen-pa, snyi-ba, Jbol-po.
Softly ga-le
C.,
gu-le
W.
Soil s.
sa-yzi.
Soil vb.
bsgo-ba.
Solder Kro-cus
sdom-pa; *kar-ya
dan zar-
\
ce* W.
Soldier
dmag-mi.
G58
Sin - Soldier
Sin s. 3dig-f!J, n!Jl!3-pa, nyon-mo,i3-pa
sl-yfJ!J., $ljI.,b-pa; heinous - rTM-ba 425;
deadly - 4505.
Sinee lidl'. (ever sinoo) bzu,i3-te; conj. peu.
Sineere drati-po.
Sinew lu-w.
Sinful d;yrm-can.
Sing fllu kn-pa.
Singed, Singeing 11M-y=db.
Single adj. (sepamte) 1ri9-ka, ri:ig-pu 14-l;
nyafr"la, rk!Ja,i-pa; (umllnrried) f•.'ytj-mMj
lu,i-ma-mldj - eombat I.'rUf/'"P'J,odd,j-mo.
Sink vb. n. rgud-pa, nub-pa. JJ!Jui-ba.
Sinner 3dig-po, sgribi'u,
Sir ytso-bo 434; 3a-1u:b, col. 8fib /}71; 'a-)J
GOO; dear Sir bUn-bzd,j 483.
Sister srbi-mo, mted, resp.lcant-mo; elder
- 'a_& 603j youD/{er - nu--mo 30/).
Sit 3dod-J!<"> resp. bZufP-pa; odufrpa, ifod-
JIllj sittmg CJ'oss-leggea 27.
Site mal.
Situated, to be·- towards (ta-ha.
Situation rnas-J.·abs.
Six Dum. drug, sixth drug-pa; sixteen fXu-
druff, siltteenth lKu-drufJ-pa j sixt)· dl'ug-
Cu, silttieth drug-eu-pa.
Siz e ct-hJad, "le-tun, r3ad, 00;', /lyon, Tg!Ja.
Skeleton keli-rus.
Sketch s. bW-pa; ZUl' tsam bsdu-W. 489.
Skilful mk'M-pa, 3grin-po, faba-8C11-pa;
raW-can Tv.; dyen-pa, Ilf'Jali-po.
Skill 3fJyu-rndl.
Skin s. pa[f8-pa, lw-ba.
Skirt s. gos-8{lao, (u-ba.
Skull fod-pa.
Sky nam-ml.'a, yn«m.
Slab 3pali, Y!Ja-ma.
Slacken vb. a. gWd-pa.
Slackened adj. V.oo=.pa, lhod-po.
Slander s. pra-ma, lWIad-$gra.
Slander vb. ftra-ma byed.pa, or smra-ba,
or Jug-pa, resp. J'8Ol-ba, zu-ba.
Slanderer pra-ma-m!.'an.
Slanting yo-ba,!J0n-po.
Slate l'Ya--Tlla.
Slaughter s. r$()(J..rOOd; vb.a. yMd-pa, 3ke
)'cod-pa resp. ,,[JOm-pa.
Slave s. bran, mliafr)'Z"{I.
Sleep s. f1lyid, resp. mTl6l.
Sleep vb. nyal_OO, myid-wg-pa, resp.
y,:m",po..
Sleeping-room pim-llaJj.
Sleet s. t1a-ma-car.
Sleeve jJu-diui.
Slender kyali-po; kYali-kYaI' rili-1ftO IV.
Slide vb.n. odred·po..
SI!ght adj. pra-ba.
Slight a. ,,[Iyin-JJa, <1!!Iin-wg
eo-odl'l-ba.
Sling s. sgu--rdo; - stone rM-mug.
Slip in vb. n. oA'1'11-ba, ol.'yud-pa, odzul-ba.
Slope s. gud, riogs.
Sloping !!!Iin-mo
Slow bul-po, dal-OO; (irresolute) "lo-sila
man-bai 1.o-8l1a rj,i-'/TW" IV.
Slowly ,;ali-gis, gul-gIll; flU-leW, fla-Ie C.
Slowness aal-ba, dal-bu.
Smack vb. I.'a brdab-pa; d1'all-8gra odebs-
pa IV.
Smlloll Cu,i-OO, Cu,i-l8e W; pra-OO.
Small-pox oorum-nad.
Smart adj. (gaily dressed) rT/am-"gyur-
call; y;nQ..mo, y,:ah-8prodj meor.po.
Smash rCofrpo.,1ybtl'-ba.
Smear d-rul.pa, ooyug-pa.
Smell s. bsu!ij vb. u. 3nom-paj vb. n.
mnam-pa..
Smile s. od..-um, ,·b. n. od..-um-pa.
Smith mgar·ba.
Smoke s. dud-paj vb.n.. (tobacco) o(Uli-ba.
Smooth adj. Jam-pa.
Smooth Vb.llo. dlmr-ba, 'ur-ba.
llU£!3-bsrd.
Smuggle pag-(so,i
Smut s. 3ri-1lag; 3re-wwg IV.
Snlloil 3kY0fI3-lto-bu; - clover
Snake sbrul, oou-ri,i, lto-ogro.
Snap s. (with the fingers) skad-i:ig 19.
Snare s. myi,3Ilyi.
Snatch vb.JlJ'gfa.
Sneak ,·b. ab·pa.
Sneeze ,·b.3bl'id-pa.
Snipe sJ..'!jar-po, Cu·J.yar; tili-ti-liJi IA.
Snivel s. SliabS.
Snore vb. liug-pa, g;'ur-OO.
Snow s. !.'a-ha, gali3; - ball I.'a-goli; -
bridge rod-tam; - faU JJabj - leopard
ysa. osa; - shoe d1yarj - slip
storm I.'a,.(sUb, 'I'lUil-(3Ub, lnk-!fU{J.
Snuff s. 3lla-
o
ddg W
So ces 142, de-Itar 206, odi.Ital' 2;6, dt-b?:in--
du 256, de-odl'as 282; just - de-ka-ltar
250; so as tsam 430; so that tsam-duj so
then yr.tl' 500.
Soak slx)li-ba.
Soap s. glali-gldd C., sa-60n IV.
Soar Idi,i·OO, op!JO-ba.
Sob s. !iud·mo.
Socng e 4!f.l.
Society, human - (Mg3451.
Socket of the eye mig·A,l'l/i.
Sod 31.-(1.1,-64.
Soda bul.
Soft Jam-paJ mllyen-pa, $Ilyi-ba, obol-po.
Softly {la-le C., gu-ie W _
Soil s. sa-rzi.
Soil vb. b8{l0-ba.
Solder Ilro-lus sdom-pa; "kar_!!a dal; zar-

Soldier dma[J-1lli.
Sole
Spring up
859
Sole of the foot rknii-intil.
Sole
adj.
/-fit
\ II.
Soldy
/,v>-wa,
JHI-
Solid
adj.
flint
hulli.vv)
l,-ni/-,inii,
i/nr-bu,
l>u-ri
iniil-L tin
W.\
(not liquid) wits-jut;
tii'iii)
tnl,i'<iii,
^i-itii-i'ttit
U'.,
s/-(i~/iii.
Solitary
adj. il/n'it-jxt; place agon-pa.
Solitude
dben-pa, Obrog,
<//n/.
SOUK- ktt-<-i<i. i/it-i-i //,
ga-sas,
</(i/</-;i</, Qga,
res-
cga\
l-i
ytoii W.,
cig, cun-zig;
ca-lam;
re-zig;
la-Id.
Somebody,
some
one,
ycig, ycig-cig.
Somerset
ma-ldg.
Something
ci
zig ; ci-yton
W.
Somnambulism
ynyid-r
<!<'>!.
Son
bu,
bu-po,
bu-fsa
W.,
resp.
sras;
iu-
law
mag-pa;
of man mii
bu,
mii-sras.
Song glu, mgui\ dbyans.
Sonorous
sgra-can, sgra-ldan.
Soon
sna,
mgyogs-pa', myur-du',
as as
ma
-
Kad,
ma
fag
-
tu
227,
team
-
gyis
431
;
sooner or later
sna-pyi.
Soot
dreg-pa, sre-ndg.
Soothe \i-bar
byed-pa.
Soothsayer ca-mKan,
rtsis-pa,
mfsan-
mKan.
Sorcerer
Ogon-po, O
ba-po;
sorceress
Q
ba-mo.
Sorcery rnam-prul, pra-men\
to
practise
spml-ba,
rol-ba.
Sorrel
adj. /cam-pa.
Sorrow s. Kon-
kmgs,
col.
*Kog-fug*.
Sorrowful mi
dga-ba.
Sorry
kon-du
cud-pa,
mi
dga-ba,
bio mi
bde-ba,
sems
skyo-mo.
Sort s.
Kyad-par, sna, rigs;
of what ci
Ita-bu.
Soul
nyams, resp. fugs-nydms, dgons-pa;
rgyud-, rnam-ses,
sems.
Sound s
skad, Krol\
sgra, sgra-skdd.
Sound vb.n.
Urol-ba, Ogrags-pa]
vb.a.
sgra
Sound
adj. rem-pa,
bde-ba.
[sgrog-pa.
Soup fug-pa.
Sour
adj. skyur-ba, skyur-po
C., skyur-mo
W.
Source
cu-mig, cu-mgo;
Kuns, O go-ma.
South Iho.
Sovereign
s.
dban-po.
Sow s.
pag-mo',
thistle
Kal^pa.
Sow vb. a. sa-bon
Odebs-pa.
Space gu, go.
Spade Icags-Kyem.
Span
s. mfo.
Spare
vb.
pan-ba.
Spark
me-ltdg,
mc-fsag.
Sparkle
Kol-ba
W.,
sag-sd:
/ ;< r-l>a C.
Sparrow bya-po skya-bo W.;
hawk /./v/,
m&l-Kra.
Spasm
rtsa-cus or- dus'
O
cin-ba C.
Spawn
s.
sgo-na, sgo/'t.
Speak
mra-l"i.
n--|i.
l>kit-*fx<>l-l>n\
mol-ba
W.\
lab-pa, resp. ymiri-ba,
zer-l>.
Spear
s. ////////;.
Specimen
v.
/n/</344.
Speck
rme-ba,
sme-ba.
Spectacles
*<
/-//////:
snow
*mig-<la*.
Spectator liinl-mo-pa.
Speech skad, nag, ytam,
fsig,
^
/;)'/, resp.
bl,-a,
resp. yMtii; </jn'-xgra
W.
Speed, good
!
*fam-pa
co* W.
Speedily myur-du, nye-bnr.
Speedy mgyogs-pa, mgyogs^ri/is
W.
; myiir-
ba,
rins-pa.
Spell
s.
yzuns,
yzu/is-s/iags.
Spend skyag-pa,
cud
yzon-pa;
to be
spent
ca-ba, Ogro-ba, Ogyag-pa, Ofsar-ba, O
dzad-
pa.
Sphere dkyH-JRvr
11; gron 79,
nan,
126;
-
of
activity spyod-yul.
Spice
sdoi;
spod;
fsan-te W.
Spider fags-gra-
bu, Obag-i'dg.
Spin
Kal-ba, O
fcel-ba.
Spindle pan.
Spirit sems, sems-nyid; kun-yzi 4;
evil
-
ydon
267,
^on-po
95.
Spirited hur-po.
Spit
vb. fu
gyab-ce W.,
fo-le
Odebs-pa
W.
Spittle
mcil-ma,
resp.
zal-cab.
Spleen (milt) mcer-pa.
Splendid
^od-can, grags-can.
Splendour rnam-pa, dnom-pa,
rnom-
brjid, brjid, dpal, oyin, zil, vzi,
yzi-br/id.
Splint
(for
a broken
limb) cag-st'ii.
Splinter
s. f
sal-pa,
sin-f
sal',
sin-zel W.
Split
vb. a.
O ges-pa, ycog-pa, ysog-pa, ceg-
pa
;
vb. n.
^gas-pa.
Spoil
vb. a.
(plunder) joms-pa; ycil-ba.
Spoiled (corrupted) Ka(/-pO',
to be san-
ba.
Spoke
rtsib-ma.
Sponge
s. cu- Kur.
Spontaneously
ran, ran-bziti-f/i/t*.
*ugs-
kt/is, rgyu
med-du 110.
Spoon
fur-ma;
tip
of a
fur-mgo.
Spoon-bill skyar-leb.
Sport
vb.n.
(frolic)
rtse-ba.
Sportsman Kyi-ra-ba.
Spot
s.
(locality) go; (stain) grib; (mark)
fig-le.
Spouse
(wife) curi-nia, btsun-mo,
tfab.
Spout
s. wa-mcu.
Sprain
vb. a.
fsigs bud-pa
or
Jbog-pa;
to
be
sprained
Kml-oa.
Spread
vb. a.
rkynit-lxt. ^ebs-pa, Keb-pa,
ycal-ba,
rdal-lm.
SJX/-/HI, O
di/i-ba,
J>re-bay
^rems-pa;
vb.n.
7//o-</-/v/, ^i/e-ba, rgya&-
pa,
dar-ba,
lda/l-ba.
Sprightly ycan-po.
Spring up
vb.n.
cogs-pa
153.
Sole - SIJring ull
0:;9
Sole of the foot ,.}rmi-tIIfU.
Sole IIdi. )'oy, )'<"'y-P" 1H.
Solely J.'()-lla, .bu.-Zig.
Solid l\dj. (not 110110"') J.'o;'-gmi, yl1r-lm,
]111-1'1' 7/Utl-J.'WI JI'.; (not liquid) "(;,&-pa;
(lil'm) 1IlA'ra,;, luy-t(fll ,,·a-OO.
Solitllll'Y IIdj. IlE;/I-pa; - pl:ICC dgall-1Ja.
Solitude dberl-pa, .blY.lfJ,yud.
Some J.'a-tiy, ya-ceIl, yu-JW!, ymj.Zr"y, .sa,
/'(3-<y"; i:i [toti by, clII;.zig; la-laJII;
"e-Zig; lu-ld.
SOlllebo{ly, olle, )'(ly, }"8[1..8fj.
Someuet ma-ldfl.
SOUlething Ci zig; ii-rloti lV.
SOlllllllnlbulism }'1I!Jid-nJdl.
Son bu, bu-{,u W:, '/'/1,8; - in-
law muy-po; - of man 'mil bu, mi"-II/·all.
Son g g/u, IIlfJU", dbYalill.
80noro us sg"a-can, 5!Jl'a-ldl11i.
Soon II/ia, mgY09'1-]la; tIllJUl'-dU; - lIS
lIIa - ma {ago. tu 2"27, tsaJII- gyM 431;
sooner or latC!' s1iU--Jiyi.
800t drq;-pa, ,,·e-nd.q.
Sootbe zi-bar byed-pa.
Soothsnyer ca-mJ..'an, rtsill-pa, m{,1all-
mA'an.
Sorcerer ofJO"-po, oba-po; sorceressobu.mo.
Sorcery rnam-]jrul, pra-men; to pnlctiso
- 8[Jl'ul-ba, rol-ba.
Sorrel ndj. fmn-pa.
Sorrow s. Ilon-
o
r''fIg8, col. ·£or!4Iig·.
Sorrowful mi dga-ba.
Sorry k()li-du mi dga-ba, bio 1/Ii
bde-.ba, skyo-mo.
Sorl S. Ilyad-par, ana, nga; of what - ti
lta-ltu.
Soul "!lMlS, (lIgll-nydma, (/901;s-pa;
rgyuJ; rll(Im-a(3, U1Ila.
Sound s aJ..·ad, {'1'Ol; sgra, $!l"a-sJ:dd_
und vb.n. J..'rol-ba, ogrags-pa; vb.n. 1lY"a
Sound adj. CJe-ba. [8!Jl'ov-pa.
Soup (u{I"pa.
Sour lId). aJ..'!Iul'-ba, akyur-po C, skyllr-mo
IV.
Source cl/-'IIliy, eu-m!JOj J.'UI;a, o(lO-1IIa.
::;ollth ll,o.
Sovereign s. dbaJi-po.
Sow s. pag-mo; - thistle I!al-pa.
Sow ,·b. n. aa-bon odths-pa.
Sllace flll, yo.
Sllnde leaf/a-fyi/Il.
Span s. m{o.
Spare vb. !m,•.bu.
SIH\rk me- tdq, 'IIl('-{a(;fj.
SplIrkle ilolJ.,a w:, 8119.$1;9 zer-ba C.
Sl'urrow byu-po skya-bo - hnwk 1.'/'(1.
11ICiI.A'ra.
Srlllsm ,·tla-eus or·
o
l]lU; ):ili-ba C.
SIHIWD. s. 1Jf/O-,;a, $gOli.
Spcllk resp. bJ.·a-ltw:!l-ba; f1iOl-lJa
IV.; lufrpa, resp. flUli-ba, ur-ba.
Spellr 1>. mdll/i.
Specimcn \·.]/Ud:J.H.
Sped:
Spettacle!l iel-mlg; snow _ ·"Uy_{la'O.
Spectator ltuJ-mo-,la.
Speecll akaJ, nu.fj, )'lam, {aj", br)od, resp.
Ma, 'esp. )'8U1l; Jpe-8fl"a W
Spced! good -l·(am-pa Co· W.
SpeedIly my"r-dll, flye-bar.
Speedr mgyoga-pa, myyoga-n·ri81V.; 1/lyur-
ha, mia-pa.
Spell s. yzuna,rtUlia-,,;aga.
Spell d d.:lJay-pa, Cud fZon-pu; to he spcnt
(a-bu, 0[1''0-00, o!!'JIlg-]Ja, Jaar-ba, oJiaJ-
]Ia.
Sphere dA'yil-,)'or 11; !lI'On 79, rial; 12(;;-
of f1Cti"ity 8pyod-yul.
Spice 8//01', llpod; {aan-te W:
Spider obag-I'dg.
Spin i.'cl-ba.
Spinale Pa,i.
Spirit SCI/IS, ums-nyid; J..'fIn-rM 4; cvil-
ydon 267, ofIOiI-po 95.
Spirited IIw·-JX!.
Spit "b. (It gyab-Ce W, (()-le oJein-pa
Spittle mci{-ma, resp. zal-lab.
Spleen (milt) meer-pa.
Sp lend i J frogs-can.
rliam-pa.,
bl'{ld, brJld, dpal, byin, til, rtl, rZI-bTJld.
Spllnl. (for n broken limb) lag-iili.
Splinter s. (aal-po, ¥in-faal; $i.i-::lllY.
Split "b.ll. oycs·P", rCov·pa, )iou-pa, &g-
pa; vb. n. o!laa-pa.
Spoil I·b. n. (plunder) Jorn8-pa; ri:il-ba.
Spoiled (corrupted) J.'aq-]IO; to be - 8Il1i-
bu.
Spoke /ouiI.Hlla.
Sponge s. Cu- J..'Ur.
Spontllneousfy "a,i, I'IHi-bzill-g.yia, $II9a-
J..'!Ii$, rgyu med-du 110.
Spoon (w'-ma; tip of II. - {UI'-mgo.
Spoon-bill dyal'-/ro.
Sport "b.u. (frolic) ,·ue-ba.
SportsmaD Jtyi-ra-b«.
Spot s. (locality) go; (stllin) 9M'b; (mark)
{(g.le.
Spouse (wife) bUlm-?lU!, {,ab.
Spout s.loo-mH<.
SprlIiu vb.a. faig3 or .bog-pa; to
be sprained oA'l'·l114JCI.
Spread vb. 1\. I'J.-yoil-ba, o!Jtbf-pa, .J.'eb-pa,
)'l:al-ba, 1'I1al-ba, aptl-b<l, obl'e-ba.
vb.n. tlleed-pa, .syb-Oa, rgy(/,a-
pa, dar-ha, (duti-ba.
S Il1i g htl)' rcu/j-po_
up vb. n. cUfl&-pa 163.
660 Spring
Stre
wing-oblation
Spring
s.
(fountain),
cu-
mig, /cron-pa;
(season) dpyid.
Sprinkle
Ogrems-pa,
cag- cag byed-pa.
Sprout
s.
sbdl-mig, myu-gu, myug.
Sprout
vb. n.
skye-ba,
Krun-ba,
rdol-ba.
Spunk spra-ba;
tsa Ld.
Spur
s.
(of horsemen) rtin-lcags;
mountain
sgan.
Spy
s.
Ita-nyul-pa,
mel-tse; glass
dur-
bin, sel-mig.
Spy
vb. so
-byed-pa,',
to out
(another's
faults) O
fsan bru-ba.
Squander yzan-pa.
Square
s.
Ka-gdn; adj. Ka-gah-ba,
Ka-
gan-ma.
Squash
vb.
glem-pa.
Squat
vb.
tsog-pur sdod-pa
432.
Squeeze
vb.
glem-pa,
bcer-ba.
Squire
v.
ga-gd.
Stack s.
pub-rags.
Staff
mttar-ba, QKar-ba,
ber-ka.
Stag
sa-ba
556.
Stage (of
a
journey) O
bran-sa.
Stain vb.
(sully) bsgo-ba;
stained
nyams-
pa.
Staircase f
em-pa, rgya-skds; gya-srds
W.
Stairs
fern-pa; up ya-fog,
down ma-
fog.
Stake s.
(in
the
ground) rtod-pa; (in
a
wager) rgyal-rgyan.
Stalk s.
rkan,
sdo>i-po, ba-fag, rtsa-ba,
sog-ma.
Stallion
yseb.
Stammerer
Ua-ldig-mMan
W.
Stamp
s.
rgya, Tesy.pyag-rgyd.
Stamp
vb.
Jcrab-pa
61-
Stanch vb.
(the flowing blood) sdom-pa.
Stand vb.a.
(bear)
bzod
pa 498;
to be able
to
fub-pa, feg-pa]
vb. n.
gren-ba,
lans-
te
sdod-pa.
Stand s.
stegs
221.
Star
skar-ma;
shooting
skar-mdd.
Start vb.
(set
out) rgyug-pa; (from alarm)
^
Odrog-pa.
State s.
(condition) ynas-skabs, ynas-fsul.
Stately ^od-can.
Statue
sku,
rdo-sku.
Stature
sgo-po, sgo-bo.
Stay
vb. n.
Odug-pa, sdod-pa, ynas-pa,
bzugs-pa.
Steadfast
brtan-po.
Steady Ofsugs-pa.
Steal vb. a.
rku-ba,
ma-sbyin-par len-pa;
vb. n.
(slip) )ab-pa, nyul-ba, O
dzul-ba.
Stealth,
by
sbas-te W.
Steam
rlans-pa.
Steel
*cag-zdn*, po-ldd.
Steelyard rgya-ma, nya-ga\ pur, spor,
spo-re,
sran.
Steep adj. ytsan-ytsoh, yzar-ba.
Steer vb. a. tta-lo
sgyur-ba.
Stench
dri
nan-pa,
dri
na-ba,
dri-mnam.
Step
s.
gom-pa, rdog-pa;
of a ladder
sral-dan
21;
vb.n.
bgom-pa, gom-pa Jbor-
ba, Ogrul-ba, O cag-pa.
Stepfather pa-yydr ; stepmother ma-gydr.
Stick s.
ber-ka,
dbyug-pa.
Stick vb.n.
Kad-pa, Jbyor-ba;
vb. a.
sbyor-
ba, Odzugs-pa.
Sticky
rtsi-can.
Stiff r
ens-pa',
to be ren-ba.
Still
adj.
(quiet)
dal-ba,
mi
yyo-bar; (si-
lent)
v. Ka
rog-pa.
Still adv.
da-run,
yan.
Sting
s.
mdun;
vb. a.
Qbig(s)-pa, Odzug-pa
466-
Stingy lag-dam-po, fsags-
dod-can.
Stink vb.
mnam-pa.
Stir vb.a.
dkrug-pa, srub-pa;
to
up
rnyog-pa, sprug-pa.
Stirrup yob, ^ob.
Stitch vb. sbrel-ba.
Stocking
rkan-subs,
resp.
zabs-siibs.
Stomach
grod-pa, po-ba.
Stone s.
rdo;
of fruits
rus-pa;
vb. a.
rdo-rub-la btan-ce W.
Stool
stegs
221.
Stoop
vb.
mgo dgu-ba, mgo d^ur-ba
or
,
Stop
vb. a.
sub-pa, O gegs-pa;
vb. n.
O gag-
pa, sdod-pa.
Stopple, stopper
Ka-
dig.
Store s.
mdzod',
room
mdzod-Kan,
ban-
ba, ban-Kan,
fson-Kan.
Storm s. f
sub-ma,
rluh
cen-po, draa-po.
Story
s.
(floor) fog; (tale) ynas-fsul,
lo-
'
rgyus.
Stout
adj.sbom-pa, rom-po; (of cloth)
f
sags-
dam',
to
grow
brta-ba.
Stove
fab,
me-fdb.
Straight adj
.
draf>-po, grons-po, bsrans-pa.
Straighten
sron-ba.
Strain vb. a.
(filter) Ofsag-pa.
Strainer
cu-fsags.
Straits
sa-bdr, mfso-lag
-
Jbrel.
Stranger pyi-mi, byes-pa.
Strangle
ske bsdam-ste
ysod-pa.
Strangury ycin- gdg.
Strap
s.
ko-fdg, sgrog-gu, rog-bu W.,
lun.
Stratagem
dku-lto.
Straw
sog-ma, pub-ma.
Strawberry dpal-byorW.
Stray
v.
yan-pa
506.
Street
rgya-srdn,
lam-srdn.
Strength nyams-stobs, stobs-po;
sed;
--
of
spirits
etc. ber.
Strengthen
sed
cug-ce
W.
Stretch vb.
rkyoh-ba,
srin-ba.
Strew
ytor-ba, O
din-ba.
Strewing-oblation ytcr-
600
Spring - Sl.rewing-oblation
Spring s. (founwn).cu·""9, Am-pa;
(season) Jpyid.
Spri n kIe "f}r('11I8-pa, cay-cog byed-pa.
S!'Tout s. Wri[.mig, mJu-jlU, m,'{II:J.
Sprout vb. n. skye-ba, okrllli-lJa, rdd../Ja.
Spunk .pru-ba; (8(J £d.
Spu r s. (ofhorserllcD) '1'tiJi-IcafJ8; mount-lin
-lfJan.
Spy $. Ua-nyul-p<l, mel- uc; - glass dw'-
bin, 3d-miff·
Spy vb. so:b}jed-PUj to - ont (nDothcr's
faults) ofwn Oru-ba.
Squander y::alb-fJa.
Squnre s. I..'a-guli; adj. l!a-gail.ba, A'a-
ga/i-ma.
Sqll:l.sh vb. 9lemftl.
Squat \·h. tBog-pur sdod-pa 432.
Squeeze vb. glem-pa, bter-ba.
Squire v. qa-gd.
Stack s. Jlub-rag3.
Staff ml.'«r-ba, "lar.lm, ber-ka.
Stag isa-lJa [{)G.
Stage (oflLjourne)'> /)!'mi-w..
Stain ,"b. (sully) tMgo-baj stuincd nyu1I/$-
"".
Stu!rcnse ((!II/-pa, 1"f}ya-skdfJ; f1.lJa-Jmls W.
Stairs rem-pa; up - ya-fQg, down - mao
("fl.
Stake s. (in the ground) ltOO - pa; (in l\
wager) "'oyal-r9y01l.
Stalk s. rkan, WOlj-po, ha-(og, rllla-ha,
8Qfj-ma.
Stallion /'Sib.
Stammerer W
Starn p s. ''!JYa, rcsp. Fyag-rgyd.
Stamp vb. irrab-pa 61.
Stanch vb. (the !towing blood) sdom-pa.
Stand ,·b.n. (ht'ar) h:::odpa08; to be able
to - (ub-pa, feg-pa; vb. n flr/!I'.w, lmi8-
te sdod-pa.
Stand s. 8tC!JS 2-21.
Star skar-ma; sLooting - 8kar-mdd.
Start vb. (act oot) rflflUg-paj (from alarm)
odr()fj-pa.
State s. (condition) rnWJ.JuWs., rnas-(8Ul.
Stately.,oo-t:an.
Statue 8ku, rdo-sJ,:u.
Stature Bgtrpo,
Stay vb_ n. odug-pa, sdod-pa, )"WB-pa,
h'=ug8-pa.
Steadfast brtan-po.
Steady (81Ig8-pa.
Steal vr.. a rl.:u-oo, ma-sb!Jin-par leA-pa;
vb. D. (slip) oJab-pa, n.vul-ba, od:::ul-ha.
Stealth, by - 8lxuI-u lY.
StclI.m rlmi8-pa.
Steel ·Cag-Zd,i·, ]Jo.ldd.
Steelyard rgya-ma, nya-ga; pur, spor,
spo-ri, tra>;.
Steep adj. rlllmi-riSQll, rzar-ba.
Steer vb. a. l'a-lo 8[J!JUr-ba.
Sten ch dri tlan-pa, dri tia-ba, dri·mnam.
Step s. gom-pa, rdog-pa; - of a laddl'r
sral-dmj 21; \·b. n. [,gom-pa, !Jom-pa /101'-
ba, o!f"!ll-ba, 0(0[l-1)a.
Stepfa t be r }fa-yydr; stepmother ma-gyrir.
Sti c k s. dbyu..'J"!kJ.
Stick vb.n. fad-po, "byor-ba; \·b. a. 8byor-
ba, "rL"1JgB-pa.
Sticky rUi-i:on.
Sti ff rens1a; to be - l'eii-ha.
Still adj. dal-ba, mi ryo-bar; (si-
lent) v. lia rog-pa.
Still adv. da-rlhi, 1}<l'i.
Sting s. tndu';; "b. a. "big(s)-pa, "dz1J!J-pa
'1<
Stingy ll.l!J-dam-po, fsags-"doo-cml.
Stink vb. mnam-po.
Stir vb. a. dkrug-pa, srub-pa; to - up
rnyoy-pa, Spl'tlg-pa.
Stirrup .1IQb,
Stitch vf,. sbrel-ba.
i:i tock i ng rk(IJ,-subs, resl" za/.l$-Subs.
Sto ma eh grOll-po., Po-ba.
Stone s. -rdo; -- of fruits Nu-pa; vb. a.
rdo-rub-la btmi-ce W.
Htool stC!J8221.
Stoop \·b. mg<J dflU-ba, mgo dgur-ba or
.!JUg-p'.
Stop vb. a. sub-pa, ,,[!Cus-pa; vb. 11. Sag-
pa, itdod-pa.
Stopple, stopper A'a-"dig.
Store s. mdzOO; - room mdzod-!:all. ba,;·
ba, ba,l-I.'a,i, (Ij(Jti-ka';.
Storm s. (sub-ma, rbtli cen-po, drag-r'
Story s. (floor) fog; (talc) Yll(llj-(sU, 10-
t'!l!JU8.
S to ut Il.dj.soom-pa, rom-po; (of cloth) (SO.'/8-
dam; to grow - bria.!Ja.
Stove fab, me-frib.
Strai g ht adj.dran-po, grQlis-po, bslw;s-pa.
Straighten s/w;·ba.
i:itl'ain vb. a. (filter) "'Mu-pa.
Strainer 'Cu-{wgs.
Straits sa-!Kir, rtd30-laY-"brrl.
Stranger Fyi-mi, byes-pa.
Strangle sIe bsdam-sle /'Sod-pa.
Strangury rCin-oudg.
Strap s. ko-frig, IIflI'Ofj-gu, rag-bu IV., Iwi.
Strat8gem dku--lto.
Straw lKJfJ-ma, pub-mo..
Strawberry dpal-bydr tv.
Stray Y. !Jan-pa 506.
Street l'gya-srdri, lam-srlin.
Strengtlt nyam$-31dbs, swbs-po; Aed; - of
spirits etc. btr.
Strengthen iiedeug·ce IV.
Stretch vb. rk!l0li-ba, sr;,i-ba.
Strew rtor-ba, "di,i-ba.
St1'6win$-oblation rtar-llia :l!O.
Strict
Syria
661
Strict
dam-po.
St ritlr vli.
/ii/
Strik.- vb.
/"></-/><'. ri/i/(i/>-fni.
r< I
i-ij- fin.
String
s.
/(/////'/. *.'//'"/A J-iii-lni, j'>i-i>'rli.
St ri
]>
\ I). SI/-/KI
S t rive for vb.
xtti/riis-pa, cyr/t-/><i.
brtxon-
/'"
Stroke s.
leaf/, [>ras-pa.
Stn.kr vli.
liil'll-lni,
J>!/U<J-pa.
St
ron^r yar-lxi, dr<i;/s-j>tt, littnin-fin, ri'in-pa
*!-{<ni.
Structure
bkod-pa.
Stubborn
mgo-Kregs-pa.
Student
slub-ynyt'r.
Studious hrfxo
Study
s.
Jbad-pa.
St (i t'l' s.
(cloth)
rus.
Stuff vb. a
O
f$an-ba.
Stunned L
:
al-l,
:
ol.
Stupid glen-pa, blun-pa, blo-gros-mnl.
Style
s.
bzo,
zo-sta W.
497.
Subdue
^jams-pa.
Subject
s.
skor, glefi-fzi,
mna-zdbs, bran,
Subject
vb.a.
^oms-pa, ^oy-tu
Sulisequent pyi-ma.
Subside zi-ba.
Subsidy O
fud-ma.
Subsistence
O
fso-fabs.
S 11
1 1 s t :i 1 1 c e
dhos-pn,
rdzas
468.
Substantive dnos-min.
Substitute s. fsab.
Siit) tract
jdor-ba, x/>i/o/t-ba,
Jmd-pa.
Succession
(sir,
rabs
525,
rim-pa
530.
ISucli
O
di- dra-ba
282,
de-lta-bu
256.
Suck
Ojibs-pa, O
fu-tt-ba.
Suckling baby
zo- fuiis.
Suddenly ylo-bur, ylo bur-du,
har(-yyis) ;
yan-mcd-la
W.
Suet
grod-fsil,
Koit-fsil.
Suffer vb.a.
myon-ba, bzod-pa\
vb. n.
niiiiir-liti,
yzir-ba.
Suffice
Jfyed-pa.
Idan-ba;
coy-pa.
Sugar
ka-ra, /,
:
<t-ra;
raw
ou-rdm\
("me
Q
dain-bit r W.
Suit
s.,
a
complete
-
of clothes
myo-lus
Suitable,
to be
.,ow-ia502,
^os-pa,
run-
ba.
Suitor dod-niKan.
Sully bsyo-ba.
Sulphur
mu-zi.
Sum S. A/VN/.S
-
;//i
; vb. to
up
x</Hi-pa,
sre-ba.
Sum in :i
ry
s.
xilom.
Summer
dbyor.
S u nnn i t
-myo, spo, rtse(-mo).
Summon vb.a.
Ogugs-pa.
Sun
nyi-ma;
beam
nyi-yztr\
dial
//<//-
txdd.
Sunday
yza-ii'ii-iini.
Superficies
//as, l.n.
y,
!<,/',.
Superintend
zal-f/i
/>!/<<
/-j,</.
Superintendence
do-ilum.
Superior adj.
/;////</. ;/<>/'<-///,/, /-i/i/nl-ba, bla,
rnl>
;
s.
yuti-ma,
bla-ma.
Supernumerary
adj.
O
feb.
Supine adj. gan-/,->/<i/.
Supper dgom-zas;
Lord's
yaol-ras
592.
Supple mny(>n-pa.
Supplement
/>/-*/
;/>,
yan-lag,
l/uin-f
Supply
vb.
syrub-pa.
Support
vb.
skyon-ba, Odeys-pa, Odzin-pa;
s.
rtc,n-pa, rgyab-rtin.
Supposition
resp.6sam-pa,
&nan-l><i. />':<</-
pa,
bzed-fsul.
Suppress non-pa, Joms-pa, snub-pa,
sub-
v
Sure
yoi'-tna-cdfj, eleg. yor-ma-bkum 73;
btsan-po 434;
to be sure!
*tig, dig,
de-ka
^
yod*
255.
Surely nes-par, nan-cdgs
303.
Surety brtan-pa, ydeh-fsad.
Surface
lea, nos,
logs, Jcod, ydoii-pa.
Surpass O
da-ba.
Surround skor-ba.
Suspend dpyait-ba, spyan-ba
828.
Swaddling-cloth
cu-stdn W.
Swallow s.
Kug-ta.
Swallow vb.
mid-pa, Kyur-mid-pa.
Swamp
s.
gram-pa.
Swan
bzad, bzad-pa; nan-pai
rgyal-po.
Swear bro
O
fsal-ba,
dmod-mo
O
bor-ba
!_'.',.
Sweat s. r/'tul.
Sweep
vb.
pyag bdar-ba;
to
together
sdud-va.
Sweepings pyag-d<ir.
Sweet ditar-ba\ scented
zim-po.
Sweet-heart
Qdod-grogs, mig-grogs,
md:u-
groyx,
bason-grogs.
Sweet-meats
zim-ze,
zim-zim
C., ::f//t-:d</
W.
Swell vb. n.
ttferori-do, O
bo-ba.
S \vift
adj. skycn-jxi. myur-ba,
i'is-pa.
Swim
rkyal-ba, Opyo-ba.
Swine
pag.
Swing
vb. a.
dby*ff-pa, yyob-pa.
Switch s.
Icag.
S \\ o o n vb. n.
brgyal-ba.
Sword
ral-yri.
Syllable sgra
1
19,
fseg-bar
450.
Symbol
rtcii
213.
Symmetry djH'-byad,
bi/nd.
Symptom
iittxun(-m\
rtags.
Synonym
skad-dod
258.
Syphilis /VA-/V///, raj-dug.
Syria
rum-yam.
Syringe ybiu.
Strict - SyriA GIll
Strict tlum-po
,·b. ""JOItI-f'a.
Strikt yl.t. "J!J11b-'Hl, r.I,,1I4I,
r,fJ>.rl>d·
t rill It . "fJ"'fJ, ;liit-lN., -00.
fll"!/N.
Mrill,b.iw-&t,!p./n,d-Ion.
t ri \ e for "b_ 'H!Jl'f-"'1IfJ, .9"11'-1'/1, br/M)lt-

Stroke ';fl£I••1·rtU-pa.
t'ilroh vb. ./iytlfJ-Z"·
[Iur-litl, drfl!P""fJO, tl«lt-po, ffJIIl-po<
".l-<un.
Structure bhxJ-l'{/.
Stllbhoru
Stlldent
Studious [".tf(}ll-o!Jrvfi-t..'vm.
SLIlli Y Ii. oOOd-l'a.
Stuff s. (cloth) I'a&.
Stu rf vb. a
Stullucd
Stu I) i II glm-pll, blulI'pa, blo-!!rotJ III(J.
:-:;ty e s. b::o, ::o--&I/t IV: 497.
Subdue Jom.. pa.
Subjec, 1'. door, [Iuli-)'?::;. ,/1Ii_?::dw, bran,
oOO,i,-
Rn bject vun. ..r:/I'-r>a, flIj-tll oJU!!]'" 001.
Sub"equent l'!li.ma.
Snbl'idc zi·lJa.
Sub"idy.f",l-ma.
S II bsi sten ee ofltrfaOc.
Substance d"t»-IJ'1, 4(;11.
Substantive ditOt-Vlu.
Substitute s. fmb.
Sliotuet dor-ba, sbyoM-lxJ. ,Utu1-rWI.
... ion (sir, raT.:e-., "IfI-1i'a 6:lO.
.di-.dra-lJa 2::-'2, 2:iG.
SliCk. JilA-JHI, .fllit-ba.
SucldlllR hab" :!:6- ftl ....
Slid de0 I,. glo-tllr, y10-buf'..d1l, "an..-gyi.);
ya,;..mtd-ltl II'.
Snet yrod-f,il, I/oit-fili/.
b:o.I-1H1: \'b.ll.
W1111'1r-ba, )':11'-&1..
Suffice pa., lJu;,-bu; Coy-pu.
SugAr J:tI-I'U, t'a-I'II; raw bu-rtill';-
("1I11C .r/am-Mr
@., n CQmlllele - of clothes lIl!fO-lu.
ea 1'1;'"
SuitAble, to bc - I'U,;-
ba.
Suitor otIOO-III1:II1I.
S ul1 y b'f}O-ba_
Sull,hu r 1/I1l-:;,
J:jum brtliili-::i,,; vb. to - UI' '9"iI-bff,
",t-ba.
SUDlIllary Ii. tdom.
Summer db!lur.
Summit MIJO, tpo, rtst(-_).
S II 10m0 11 ,b. A.. o!J"l!I'""P6.
Sun lIyl-'lIIa j - bNrn llyi-r.lrj - diDl "!fl-
Odd.
Sunday,:a-n!ji--ma.
Supuficin oiM.III,,.d,,,t
'uperinteod b!f'dilfJ.
SUllerintendeuce
S uI'erior adj. Cyad, goti-rIM, rgynl-ba, bI4,
rab; 90"_, bla-lHa_
Supcrnumerary adj . •ftrh.
Supine adj. gaH-'kydl.
SUI'ller lmd' - ,.N-ra OO'!-
SUPllic IifIR!JnI-j)(l.
fa-..kfl;, !I,m-lOt), u.--fJbc.
SUI/ply \'b. tgrU!J..])(I.
Support vb. s/ryo>f-ba, .<k!P114, .d:in-l)(1j
@. rlm.f'!, ry!Jab-rbf-n.
Su I) flo,,1 tion I'1!Sj,.bM/I'-pu, aNlH-lJa, bUd-
pa, bUd-f,uI.
Sup II ress 1Iim-fllI, Jomt-pa, ,,,It.b-pa, nW-
11a, cytga-pa
Sure !/Ol'-ma-h;g, c1eg. !JO".",a-bJ.:ffm 73;
/)/$all-po 43(; to be "ure! -/0, (/0,
yod- 2Jlj.
J:j ureI y lita-p«r, 1Ilm-MYI 31\1.
S u y bl'luJl-/HI, rdell-fla,l.
Sul'fnce fa, "0-, loy., ol!fxl, )·,IoIi-]ItJ.
Surpass
SurrounCl ,J.o,.-ba.
SUipend dpyait-ba, 'l'!Juit-ba:l:!il-
CIl-tlatt If.
SWlIllow s. l"g-ta.
Swallow ,·b. mid-pa, tyur-"lIid_pa.
Swaml,s·!I"'JH-1HJ.
!"\VaD b!:ad, &:ud-pa: itnil-paj ry'l4l-po.
S""ear bro .fla/...JJa, dlll()(/·_
Swent !<. "",,1.
S",'eep vb. i'!JUg bdar-oo; l() - togelIJer

Rwecp,ngs p!J"9-ddr.
S w Ce' dHar-bn: - Sct'JI t«I
S ...'ee t- hear' .Jod-yrogl• • 1iy-g1"OlJl, -en-
gl"OljS, b::ait-tf"OlJ--
Z;III-:/, h·III·:illl C., !:inl-::.if!
11'.
Swell vb. II. J:rCl';.Qa, obo-JJa.
Swift adj.lJX!jl'll-])(I, "'!lltr-ba, ,.,·IIa-pa.
Swi m rJ.yal-ba, ol
j
!jO-bu.
Swine pa!/.
Swing vb. a. db!llt!/_])(I, ryob-JlII.
SwittlL s. (ellg.
S\\oon \·b.lI.' bl'!l!Jll/-bll.
Sword ral-yri.
SyllAble '1!"a 119, fHg-lxIr,f,jO.
Symbol rIm 21:1.
Sym metry b!J(Jd.
'lHUan(-mc.t), rca!!,-
Sy nonnn d(ld-eldtJ 2:Jlt
;>a-f"Wi, /V9",lllg.
g"ria TIt"...;""•.
Syringe )·tiIt.
662
Tabernacle
Thirst
Tabernacle
yur-mcoy
69.
T a 1. 1 e
Icog-tse
150, resp. ysol-lcog
592; ysol-
stegs; European
rgya-lcog.
Tablet, bearing
an
inscription byan-bu,
byan-ma.
Taciturn
smra-nyun.
Tail
rna-ma, mjug-ma.
Tailor
fsem-pa.
Take vb. a.
len-pa, Ofogs-pa, Odzin-pa, resp.
bzes-pa;
*nam-ce* W
;
to for
6dzin-pa
465, sems-pa;
to off
Jbud-pa,
su-ba;
to
-
out
O gog-pa, Odon-pa, Obyin-pa;
take
away!
liur son
G'.,
Kur
fcyer
W.
Tale
lo-rgyus, sgrun(s).
Talent
bio,
rig-pa, yon-tan,
ses-rab.
Talk s.
ytam,
^.ur;
vb.
smra-ba,
lab
-pa,
glen-ba, Jbar-ba, JULT yton-ba.
Talkative smra-
dod, rgya-lab-can.
Tall col.
sgo-po
rih-mo, kyan-kyan
rin-mo,
Jon-Jon.
Tallow-candle tsil-sdon.
Tamarisk
^om-bu.
Tame
adj. dul-ba, Odris-pa, yyun-ba;
vb.a.
Odul-ba,
ful-ba.
Tan vb a.
mnyed-pa.
Tanner ko-ba
mnyed-m/can
C.
Tardy bul-po.
Target Jben.
Tarry
vb.
cgor-ba.
Tartar
(in crusting
the
teeth) so-dreg.
Task s.
Hag', rgyugs
W.
Taste s.
(savour) bro-ba, ro\
vb. a.
myon-
ba\
vb. n. bro-ba.
Tattered
cad-po.
Tavern can-lean
Tax s.
Krai, dpya; Jbab Sp
;
vb.a.
(appraise)
jal-ba.
Teaja, resp. ysol-yd; pot tib-ril, resp.
ysol-tib ;
party ya-mgron.
Teach vb.
ston-pa, slob-pa.
Teacher
ston-pa, slob-pa, slob-dpon; rgyud-
pa.
Team of bullocks
glan-dor.
Tear s.
mci-ma\
to shed tears mci-ma
blag-pa.
Tear vb. a.
yseg-pa\
to out
Opyid-pa,
Jbyin-pa\
to to
pieces Odral-ba,
hral-ba.
Tease
gob-non
co-ce W.
Tedder vb.
btod-pa;
s.
btod-t'dg.
Tell
O cad-pa, snyod-pa,
smra-ba., zer-ba,
zlo-ba
: zlos-pa.
Temperate
fsod
ses-pa.
Temperature gran-dro.
Tempest
rlun
cen-po
or
drag-po,
rlun-
dmdr,
yul-ndn.
Temple
mcod-fcan.
Temporal
fse
Qdii,
life
ynas-skabs.
Tempt nyams sad-pa,
fsod
Odzin-pa.
Ten num.
bcu,
cig
bcu;
'
thousand
Kri;
tenth
bcu-pa.
Tenant
Kan-pa yyar-mKan.
Tend vb. a.
skyon-ba.
Tender
a*dj. snyi-ba, Jam-pa] byams-pa.
Tendon
nya-cu.
Tenet cos.
Tent
gur, resp. bzugs-gur.
Term s.
(limited time)
cad-so.
Terminate vb. n.
zin-pa\
vb. a.
O
fsar-bar
Termination mfa
239.
\byed-pa.
Terrace
sten-ka,
sten-tse.
Terrify Jigs-pa, Jigs-skrag Odon-pa C.\
*jig-ri
skul-ce*
W.;
to be terrified
skrag-pa.
Test vb. a.
nyams sad-pa;
fsod Ita-ba 216.
Testament
bka-cems,
Ka-cems.
Testicle
rlig-pa, resp. ysan-rlig, euphem.
Jbras-bu.
Testimony ce-bzi\
v.
dpan(-po)
326.
Texture
fags.
Than las
546,
pas,
san W.
571.
Thank vb.
ytan-rag byed-pa
or
Jbul-ba.
Thanks s.
ytan-rag, legs-ysol; many!
bka-drin-ce,
no-mfsar-ce
456;
zu W.
That
pron.
de
255;
so-ci-ltar
218.
The def. art. v. de
255.
Theatre Itad-mo Ita-bai
sa,
Itad-mo-Kan.
Theft rkun-ma.
Theme skor.
Then
de-tsa-na,
der 256.
Theory
Ita-ba
II,
no.
3,
217.
There
de-na, de-ru%5(j,
pa-gir
338.
Therefore
de-bas-na, des-na,
des
256.
Therein nan-na.
They fco-pa;
Ko-wa
W.; Ko-t'so, Ko-cag
C.
;
de-dag,
de-rnams.
Thick
Ofug-pa, stugs-po, sbom-pa, rom-po\
(of fluids) ska-ba,
rnyog-pa.
Thicket fsan-fsin
444.
Thickness srab
-
Otug
244.
Thief rkun-ma.
Thimble lcun-mo, mdzub-rten.
Thin
adj. pra-ba, zim-bu, sins-poW.',
srab-
pa, sla-ba,
sla-mo.
Thing dnos-po, ca, ca-bydd, cos, rdzas;
things (goods) ca,
ca-lag.
Think
(suppose) snyam-pa; (meditate)
sem(s)-pa;
bsam-mno
byed-pa
or
yton-ba,
resp. dgons-pa;
to of
dran-pa
261,
dgons-pa.
Third num. sum
-pa;
thirteen bcu
-sum;
thirteenth
bcu-sum-pa; thirty sum-cu;
thirtieth
sum-cu-pa;
a
third,
third
part
sum-~ca, sum-yar.
Thirst s.
skom,
skom-pa, skom-ddd;
vb.
skom-pa.
662
Tabernacle - Thirst
T
Tnbel'nl\c1e ffl/.r-lIlCOg G!!.
Til 1)le h'og-tse 100, resp. tfJ'.!; )'80l-
Euroreall - !Yya-;lrop.
Tablet, loellnng nn mscrJptloD byali -bu,
byal i-lIla,
Taciturn smra-nyilli.
Tni I rna-mil, lIl)ug-ma,
'J' ai lor (Wln-pa.
Take \.1.0. a. len-pa, ¢dzin-pa, resp.
b::a-pa- -flam-ce'" IV; to - for ,pzin-pa
4Ga, IiC";S-pa; to - off iJUd-pa, 8U-OO; to
- out ¢rt!-pa, ¢doll-pa, take
away! kur 80n C., lit1/' K1/er IV.
Tnle lo-r.'l'';u$,8iJl''llri(s).
Talent. Mo, l'iNJa, !jt.m-fall,8es-rab.
Talk s. }'tam, ..ur; ,.1.0. smra-ba, lab-pa,
gu';-lm, ¢bar-oo, )'tori-ba.
Talkative smra-¢dtJd, rgya-lab-can.
Tall col. sgtJ-]XJ rin-mo, ri/i_mo,
Joii-,JtJri.
Tallow-candle tsil-sdlhi.
Tamarisk
Tame adj. dul-ba, ¢dris-pa, r!JUt,-ba; ,·1,. a.
odul-ba, (ul..w.
Tan vb II. mnyed-pa.
TIIDner C.
Tardy bul-]XJ.
Turget ben.
Tnrr}' ,·b. <!lor-ba.
Tartar (incrusting the teeth) 8O.dreg.
Task s. 1/011; rgyugs W:
Taste s. (savour) oro-ba, T<:I; \·b. n. myon-
ba; "l'"b. D. bro-ba.
Tattered &tJ..]XJ.
Tavern ca,i-,{'ali
Tax s. dpya; ¢bah Sp; viM. (appraise)
Jal-ba.
Tea ja, resp. pol-jd; - pot fib-ril, resp.
rsol-tib; - part)' ja-rnynJn.
Teach vb. sum-pa,
Teach er ston-pa,slob-pa, slob..Jpon; r!J!!Ud-
po.
Team of bullocks fjla,;-drJr.
Tear s. mCi - ma; to tears mCi - fila
blag-pa.
Teal' vb. R. rAeg-pa; to - out ¢'hlid-pa,
¢byin-pa; to - to l'iel:e8 ¢dral_oo, hral-ba.
Tease gob-Will co-Cl'y'
Tedder I'll. blod-pa; s. btod-fdg.
Tell ",lad.pa, snyod-pa, smra-ba, zer-ba,
zro-lJa, zlos-pa.
Temperate f8fX18es-pa.
Temperature gran-dro.
Tempel:lt rlwi '{en-po or (!rag-]XJ!#rluri-
drndr, !lul-Jidn.
Temple mCod-llmi.
T empond fge odii; - life ytlas-ska/J$.
Tempt nya1Yl:J sad-pa. (sod odzin-pa.
Teu num. beu, '{ig btu; -,- t1JOllljand ,{'ri;
tenth bCu-pa.
Tenant. I!ati-pa yyo:r_ml!an.
Tend vb. fl.. skyQlj-ba.
Tender rrdj. snyl,·ba, Jam-pa; byams-pll.
Tendon llya-cu.
Tenet i!os.
Tent gur, resp. bzugs-gur.
Term s. (limited time) cad-so.
Terminate vb. o. zin-pa; vb. Il./so,..bar
Terminl\tion m(a 23',). lbyed-pa.
TerrRce S/eti-A-a, stdHst.
Terr ify Jigs-pa, jigs-skraf/. ¢dQn-pa G:;
,,)ig-ri sJ.:ul·i:e" nz; to bc terrIfied d:l'ay-pa.
Test \'b. a.. lI1/atll$ 3lld-pa; (sod Ua-ba 21G.
Testament Ma-Urns,
Testicle "liy-pa, resp. rsa,i-rUg, euphem.
obras-bu.
Testimony (e-M:i; Y. dpali(-po) 52G.
Texture fags.
Than lasMG,pas,sa>ilY.571.
Th auk vb. rta1i"'dfj byed-pa or obul-ba.
Thanks s..r.ta1i-rdg, ltgs-rs61; many-1
bka.drin-ce, ,io.mfsar-U MiG; zu lV.
That JIron. de 255; so·N... ltar 218.
The def. art. v. de 251i.
Theatre ltad-mo lta-bai sa, ltad_1IW_I!.11;.
Tlleft rktt1l-71W..
Theme skflf'.
Then de-tsa-1w, del' 256.
Theory lta-ba lJ, no. a, 217.
There de-na, de-ru 25G, J'm-gil' 338.
Therefore de-bas-na, des-na, des 236.
Therein nmi-na.
They I!o-pa; !iO'-wa W; l'Q.(so,l'a-eagC.:
dNlag, de-rnaNUl.
Thick lug-pa, sfugs-po, </oom-pa, rom1)();
(of flUids) ska-lta, rtlyog-pa.
Thicket (sari-MI; 444.
Thickness srab-¢(ufJ 241.
Thief r.{-un--nla.
T him bl e ltun-mo. mdzult-I·till.
Thin adj'lJra-ba, silis-po JY.; s,.ab-
pa, sla-ba, sla·mQ.
Thing dlios-]XJ, ca, ca-bydd, Ctu, rd::as;
things (goods) ca, "fa-lag.
Think (suppose) sllyam.-pa; (nleditate)
sem(s)-pa; (,gam-moo blled-pa or fto/,-ba,
resp. dg",is - pa; to - of dran· pa 261,
dyons-pa.
Third nUl». thirteen
thirteenth beu-sum-pa; thirty SUIII-Cu;
thirtieth sum·en-pa; Il. third, third Pllft
sum-ca,8um-!Jar.
Thirst s. sktJm, skom.pa, skom-dJd; vb,
sko11/.pa.
'I hi- Tran-l"i m
This
t/
//
'I'll it her
(/<-///,
>
:
/</.s
ili r
:i52.
Tli (i ii
ir
/,-it-fiii/.
Thorn txfr-niii.
Thoroughly
/;////-//.
Thou
/,!/<'<
I
,~/,i/<
I.
rr>|>. />_///</.
Though
v.
////
r,.
Tim
111,'
ht
/ixntii-fiii. rop. </;/ni'iii-pa, snyain-
iMi ml num.
*(<'/;
ten
///,
///-/
/v//.
/rV/-/s<>; hundred
Jbwn, Jbum-fso.
Thrash vli.
//////-/v yi-ay-jH^ yt/tir byed-pa
C.,*Ko-yu
skor-ce* W.
Thread >.
xktnl-fHi, J*,-IH
-
xkinl; snal-ma
319, nyay-fdg
185.
Threaten
gam-pa
W.
Three num.
ysurn,
sum.
Threshold
fern-pa, syo-fem.
T h ri ft
y paii-sems-can.
Throat
TW^,
resp. mgur, Ikog-ma,
s/r,
gre-ba, myrin-pa,
'o-le
W.',
sore
mgul-
nad.
Throb vb.
Opar-ba.
Throne s.
ryyal-sa,
Kin,
sen-yc-L
:
ri.
Through Itaii,
Iten
217;
^yw'
351-
T li r o u
g
h o u t
fog-fag
237.
Throw vb. a.
rgyab-pa, rg-yag-pa, skynr-
6a, ytor-ba,
pen-pa, dbyug-pa;
bor-baC.;
to down
Obud-pa, Jbebs-pa;
to off
spon-ba.
Thumb s.
fe-bo,
mfe-bo.
Thunder s.
Obrug, Jbmg-skdd, Jbrug-sgrd.
Thunderbolt
fog, Ice,
rdo-rje, ynam-lcays.
Thursday yza-pur-bu.
Thus
de-ltar,
Odi-ltar, de-bzin-du,
de- dras
C.,
de-tsug
W.
Thwart
(frustrate) syyel-ba.
Tiara
cod-pan.
Tibet bod.
Tibetan m.
bod-pa,
f.
bod-mo; language
bod-skad;
printing-characters
dbu-can
388;
current
handwriting
dbu-med.
Tick s.
lug-siy.
Tickle vb. *ki-tsi
kuq-ce*
W.:
quq-pa
W.
rp-
i ,
, ,,
y
i y y r
1 ide s. aus-rlabs.
Tidings prin ; glad ytam-snydn
;
(gospel)
prin bzan-po.
Tie s.
O cih-oa,
vb. a.
O cin-ba, Kyiy-pa.
Tiger stag.
Tight dam-vo,
fan-po.
Till,
until bar-du
366, fug C.;
fsug-paW.
Till vb. a.
O
dul-ba.
Time s.
dus, fse, skabs; (while) yun\ time,
times
Ian;
one
,
once
lan-ycig;
ten
-
lan-bcu;
point
of
,
proper
for
bsgan
124.
Timid
jigs-pa, ^igs-mKan, )igs-pa-(:an;
sems-cu/t-ba.
Tin s.
za-nye dkar-po,
za-dkdr,
dkur-ya;
plate
ta-li W.
Tinder -I) ox
//////>-//<.
Ti re vl>. a. iml
,Jny-/
Tiled
t/n/1-jnt;
to he
i/ii/i-jin.
s/.
i/n-lm.
Tithe s.
i-n-l.'i'iy
\V.
Title s.
mfaan; (claim)
/<///->/'//.
To
piep.
mdun 'J7:;.
<//>//> -<//t
f
resp.
;.;.
^
.
To-day
de-tin
('.,
O
di-rin W.
Toe rl.-n,',-*,',,;
s,,i-nin\
the
big rknit-pai
mfe-bo.
Together ybig-tu, llmn-cig-tu;
-
\\\i\i
fii-aa-pa, mnyam-du.
Token mfsan-//"/
Tola
(Indian
half
ounce) dnul,
col. mul.
Toll s.
so-gam.
Tomb
dur,
ban-so.
Tongs
rkam-pa.
Tongue
Ice,
resp. I) ays.
Too adv.
(too much) ha-caft; conj. (also)
yan.
Tool
cos;
tools
yo-bydd, lag-ca.
Tooth
so,
resp.
fsems;
ache
so-zug;
-
brush
so-zed;
pick
fsems-sifi,
so-sin.
Top
s.
rtse(-mo).
Topography ynas-l>*<'nl.
Torch
gal-me, sgron-ma.
Torment vb.a.
Ofse-ba; sduy-bsnal
or
ynag
ston-pa
W.
Torn
adj.
ral-ba,
cad-po.
Tortoise nis-sbal.
Torture vb. a. mi-la
ynag ston-pa
W.
Totter
yam-yom byed-pa.
Touch vb.
nyug-pa, ytuy-pa, fug-pa, reg-
pa.
Toupet for-c6g, for-fsnys.
Towards
fog-tuy&l, fad-du, pyogs-su.
Towel
lay- j\i//'*.
Tower mKar
dyu-fog.
Town
groti, yroii-kyer\ yul-ym; ryyal-sa
W.
Toy
s. rtsed-ni'i.
Trace s.
rkan-rjes,
mat.
Track s.
rjes,
sul.
Trackless
rjex-innl.
Tractable srab-L
:
a dtd-ino.
Trade s. fsoit, bzo.
Tradesman
K'e-pa.
Trading-place las-sgo.
Traffic s. fsoit.
Train vb. a.
sbyon-ba;
to
up skyed-srin-
ba.
Trample
vb.a. nl:i-tm.
/v/0'/-/'r/s
rdtiii-ba.
Tranquil
zi-ba.
Tranquillity
:<></.
Transaction
/</N.
Transfor vb.
spo-ba, oyod-j
>a.
Transform
syyur-ba\
to --one's
st>lfs/)rw/-
ba
336;
to be transformed into
Ogyur-ba
%, ^ro-ba
101.
Tliis - liH3
This olU 2.1).
Thither (1M'll, Iltr pYOfJ.1 (1('1' :\,)2.
Tbong Lo-{Ii!!.
ThOI'D (ur-lm/.
Thoroughly
Thou Ilyi(l.
Thollgfl v. l.:yi Ej.
'I' h0 ug ht b.Il1U_ptl, '",1IIl1/I-
/,
)(1, "Iw'-Im, Jmiy'-pa, ,l,lI' Mgc, II!lfl/II"
T IOUllnlld lIum. 8/0'.; tl'lI - I..',·i, I.!ri_frllfj,
A.'ri-(w; hllndrett - obI/ill, obl/III-{IS(}.
Th h "u. r!llll-{'U rf"(J!n;U, r!lUl' byed.pa
C.,ofo-gll Yrol'-,'/' 11'.
ThreMl ,hld-pll, Jum-d:iul; ,nal-1lla
".Va!J-{ug Ill<;.
Tlue"ten yam-pu IV.
Three num. }'SUI/I, 'UIII.
Threshold (elll-pa, 3[1(}otcm.
Thrifty pwj-M1l1s.tan.
Tllron.t lII!Jul, resp.7IIyllr, U;og-ma. ,kl',
grt.bll, '/lyrin-pa, 'o-le IV.; sore 1IIyul-
Ilad.
Throll ,·u. oPaf-hu.
Throne s. rggawa, f,,',
ThrouA'h ltali, ltd, 211; Ii!!,r 3.)1.
Tlltoughout (og-(uy 237.
Throw ,·u.n. rgyah-p«, Tflyay-pa, d:yflr-
ba, rlor-bu'o]\m·lJa, db!fU9-pa; JJOI'-ba G'.;
to - down oblld-pa, .fx1J3-pa; to - off
spO/i-ba.
Thu In b s. (e-bo, fIl(e-bo.
TIi II n tI er s. •bruy, lbl'l19-'l:ud, J)''1I9-Sfl,·Ii.
Th undel' bol t {Of- rJo...rjt, mum-ita)],.
Thursdny r::a-pur-bll.
T II us de-lta,., l'.di-ltur, Ik-bzin-dll, de - dras
0
I'll wart ,gyel-ba.
Tinrll.
Tibet ho<l.
Tibetnn In. bod-pa, f. bod-moj - I:mgunge
bod-3kad; - prillting_cbn.rnetcrs dim-cull
388; - current handwriting dbu-mM.
Tick s. llly-iig.
Tick Ie vu. °ki-tsi l.:u!J-U· lV. j gtJg·pu W.
Ti ,I e s. (llU-dubs.
Tid i ngs pri'l; gln.d - rtam-,nyunj(gospel)
lrin b::a,'-[1O.
l'!e s. )!iii-ba, \'b. a. ,)Jili-ba, olly(q-pu.
Tiger 'lay.
Tight dam-po, ((/>f-po.
Till, until bal'-du 366, (vy C.; (slig-pu IV.
Till \'h. a. odu.i-ba.
Time s. dll', {st, 84'ab'j (while) ,lIun; time,
tillles Ian; ODe -, once l,m-rngj len-
lWI-bl."uj point of -, proper -lor !J3ga,i
121.
Timid Jigs-pa, JI[;8-p«-tanj
5('111.'1- <:till-b«.
Tin s. za-nye dl.:ar-po, zll.dkdr, dkar-yaj
- 1)Ill.te ta-ti W. V
Tindel'-box lro!/5-'lIIU!J.
Tire "u n. ';lIloJlfY-JH4.
Tired d"b'}Ja; t.o he d'jb-pfJ, sl:yo-bll.
Tithe 8. tu-fd!J W.
Title s. m(.allj (Chlilll) {ob-J,,'Ol.
To pll'p. 'IKbm 273, druii-du, re8p. !:"b.-
(/I'II/.-tlu 2l;;J, r/3,jl' 137, !latl-d,l G(j..
Tohllcco (a-lIIa-l'a; - [lip./' !Ja,i-:ug, !:at..
::d!J.
To-dlIY de-I';,; (', .di-riit
Toe r,(oa";-&I,', fQI"'nlQj the big - r/.wipai
m(r-bo.
Together rNfl-tll, /ltall-Ny-tll; - wilh
bea'-pa, mnyu/ll-du.
Token m(8un-lIIa
Toln (Indinn Imlf oUllce) d,iul, col. 1IIul.
Toll S.
Tomb du.r, 00',':10.
TOllA's I'kallliJfJ.
Tongue itt, resp. Oag&.
Too n.d,·. (too Iiludl) Ila-tunj conj. (:l.I:;o)
ya,'.
1'001 casj tools yo-b!Jlid, lag-fa.
Tootll so, res(l. (scms; - I\che So-::II,; -
brush so-ddj - pick (scms-';;,',
Top s. rUt(-lIIo).
Top0A'raphy rflas-bMd, JlIIl-bAdd.
Torch gal-mi, SgN)fI-lIIU.
Torment \'u.a. o(M-baj wuy-fJ31ial or fila!!
ston-pa ,y.
Torn ndj.1·al-bu, raJ-po.
Tortoise /'U3·,blll.
Torture "b.n. '/li-laf1lUg,um-pa lV.
Totter yam-!Jdm bytd-pa.
Touch vb. n!JIlY-Pu, rtug-pa. (ugi)(1, ,.t[]-
}ia.
Toupet {or-Cd!l, (OI'-($NgS.
Towards fog-tu. 23., {ad-du., p!Jf>!J5-su.
Towel lag-op!!;'.
Tower mEal'dyu-{OfJ.
l' 0 WIl gro,i, gron-J.yel'; Ylfl-gru; JY'/yul-sa
Toy s. l'iud-mo.
Trltce s. rA.·al'-ljh, mal.
l' rn ek s. Ij/'ll, iul.
Traekloss r)es-mM.
Tractnblc 3I'ab-fa dlll-1I/(J.
Trade s. {1S(}1i,
Trndesllll\u A.'t-pu.
Trftding-plaee lus-$flO.
Trnffic s. (so,•.
TrAin "b. n. sbyoii-ba; to - u]1 dyttl-m'li-
b,.
Trllmple \·b.n. N.l::i-ba, nlog-pa' rduli-ba:.
Trnnquil :i-ba.
Trllnquillity fQ(l.
TrAnllnctiOli las.
Tnllsfcr \·b. 'IJQ-Ua, o!JO<l-pa.
T r II II Sfor III 3!J!JIlj'-ba; to - one';;; S<'lf "P"lll-
ba 336: to be into o!I!lur-ba
fl6, ;gt'Oaha 101.
664
Transformation
--
Unchastity
Transformation
rdzu-
prul.
Transgress Ogal-ba;
Q
da-ba.
Transgression
Ogal-krul.
Translate
sgyur-ba.
Transmigration,
the round of
Jcor-
babS-
Transplant spo-ba.
Transport
vb.
skyel-ba, Jlyer-ba.
Trap
s.
rnyi,
t snyi;
Idem-
pa
W.;
door
ynam-sgo;
mouse bi-ldem
W.,
fox
wa-ldem W.
Travel vb.
^ro-ba, Ogrod-pa, bgrod-pa;
ca-ba W.
Tread vb. a.
rdzi-ba; *cag-cag
co-be*
W.',
vb. n.
O cag-pa, O cags-pa.
Treadle rkan-sin.
Treasure s.
yter.
Treasurer
dkor-pa, pyag-mdzod.
Treasury
dkor-mdzod.
Treat s
(feast) mgron.
Treat vb. n.
(to use)
spyod-pa
334;
(to
re-
gale) mgron-du ynyer-ba;
to
medically
bcos-pa; sman-dpyad byed-pa
B2^;
vb.n.
to of
rjod-pa
182.
Treatise
rgyud, rgyud-sde.
Treatment, good bzan-lugs
W.
Treaty bzan-sgrlg.
Tree
sin,
sdon-po,
sin-sdon.
Tremble
Ogul-ba, O
dar-ba.
Trespass
vb.n. bar-du
ycod-pa
367.
Trevet
Icags-sgyid.
Trial
(before
a
tribunal) ytam-sdur
W.
Tribe sde.
Tribunal tirims-Kan.
Tribute
dpya
Trick s. bar-
cad;
to
play
tricks fo- fsam-
pa.
Trickle vb. n.
Odzag-pa.
Trifling adj. pra-ba.
Tripod sgyid-bu, Icags-sgyid.
Troop
s.
kyu, pal-po-ce, fso; troops dput't.
Trophy rgyal-mfsdn.
Trot vb.
O
dur-ba;
s.
O
dur-
gro.
Trouble s.
nyon-mohs-pa, dka-sdug, mya-
ndn;
vb. a.
dkrug-pa.
Troublesome
fsegs.
Trowsers
rkan-snam, gos-fun,
dor
-ma,
byan-rkyan, smad-yyogs.
True
bden-pa, no^tog.
Trumpet
dun.
Trunk
(of
a
tree) sdon-po; (of
an
elephant)
glan-sna;
(box) sgam, sgrom.
Truss s.
pon-po;
vb. to
up
rdze-ba.
Trustee
pa-fsdb.
Trustworthy ^os-pa.
Truth
nes-pa, bden-pa, yin-min
510-
Try
n
yams sad-pa 186,
dpyod-pa,
col. fsod-
Ita-ba.
Tub
yzoii-pa,
bzom.
Tube
doh-po, pu-ri.
Tuck
up
rdze-ba.
Tuesday yza-mig-
dmdr.
Tuft
pon;
of "wool bal- dab W.
Tumble vb.
^yel-ba.
Tumbler
(drinking-glass)
sel-kor, sel-por.
Tumult
Ji'rug-pa.
Tun zem.
Tune s.
glu.
Turban
fod,
la-tod.
Turbid
ska-ba, nyog-pa.
Turf
spa/?, span-po
Turkey
rum.
Turkois
yyu.
Turmeric
yun-ba.
Turn vb. a
sgyur-ba;
to off
zlog-pa;
to
out
Jbyin-pa
;
to round
Jfor-ba
;
to
up
rdze-ba;
to
upside
down
spub-pa,
slog-pa;
vb. n.
pyogs-pa, Ogro-ba,
ca-ba
W.;
to
away Idog-pa.
Turn s. fsir
448,
res
535;
by
turns
fsir-la,
fsir-du,
fsir
dan,
res-la.
Turnip nyuh-ma.
Turret
speu, spiu.
Tusk
mce-ba,
mce-so.
Tutelar
god yi-dam-lha, fugs-dam.
Twelve
bcu-ynyis;
twelfth
bcu-ynyis-pa.
Twenty nyi-su;
twentieth
nyi-su-pa.
Twice
lan-ynyis.
Twilight srod, srod-Jjin.
Twine s.
skud-pa,
si-ri W.
Twins *f
sag-fug*,
mfse-ma.
Twirling-stick ja-bkrug.
Twist vb. a.
sgrim-pa,
y
cud-pa,
sle-ba.
Two
ynyis;
v. also do
256-
Two-legged rkaii-ynyis-pa
.
Tyrant dpon-po drag-po
or
drag-sul-can.
U
Ugly mi-sdug-pa.
Ulcer
su-ba;
ba-su
W.;
pol, Ihog-pa.
Ultimately pugs-na.
Umbrella
nyi-rib, ydugs.
Unable mi
ses-pa,
can mi
ses-pa.
Unaccustomed mi
gom-pa.
Unadulterated ma-
dres-pa,
Ihad-med.
Unaware
yan-med-laW.
Unbearable
mi-bzod-pa.
Unbecoming mi-rigs-pa.
Unbelieving ma-dad-pa,
dad-med.
Unbutton vb. a.
O
grol-ba.
Unchangeable
Ogyur-med
Unchastity Odod-I6g.
664
Transformutinll - Unchastity
Tro.nsformatioll
Trnnsgress ,,{/ul-oo; da-ba.
Transgression
Translnt(: Bg!JUI·.ba.
Transmigration, the round of - jror-
ba 58,
Transplant 8[10-00.
Trnllsport \'b. sI.:yel-ba. i!yu-ba.
TUll s. I'llyi, :myi; Mem-pa IV.; - door
l'flam-/I9Q; mouse - w., fox
wa-ldtm IV.
Tral'c] vb. ofIro-bu., o!Irod-l1a, bgrod-pu;
ca-b« IV.
Trend vb. a. rcki.baj "cag-c01/ ('oo-ce" W;
vb. n. ocag-pa, orugs-pa.
Treudle
Treasure s. ytel'.
Treasurer d1w-pa, p'yug-md::6d.
Treasury dkm'-mdzM.
Treat s (fellSt) mgrfm.
Treat \'b. n. (to use) spJYXl-pa 331; (to re-
gale) mgron-du YTI!JeI"-ba j to - medically
sman-dpyad byed-pa 329; y\!. n.
to - of rjod-pa 182.
Treatise rg1fUd,
Treatment, good - {,zu,;·ltiys IV:
Tren ty b:::.ati-s!J17g.
Tree Si/i, sdon-pq, /ii"-M[eM.
Trem 01 e ,,[IUl-1a, oJur-6a.
Trespl\Ss vb. n. bar-du ri:od'pa :'111.
Trevet Icag3·lJ{IgUl.
Trial (before 0. tribunal) rtalll-s<[Ur lV.
Tribe
T ri bunal
Tribute dpya
Triek s. bar-cad; to play tricks {O-ot'sam-

Trickle \-b. D. ?dzag-pa.
Trifli ng adj'lJra-ba.
Tripod 8flyiJ- u, lCagNlIJ!Jid.
Troop s. f.'yu. pal-po--ee, {so; troops dpuli.
Trophy rg!Jal-mf:6dn.
Trot vb. odur-baj s. odur-,jJro.
Trou bIe s. nyon-mo/i3-pa, dka-3d'/g, mya-
nan; vb. u. dkruy-pa.
Troublesome {Ufls.
rl·aJ'·snalll, gos-(un, Mr_ma,
6yafl-rkyan, tmad_yy6gs.
True bden-pa, rio-rtdg.
Trumpet duri.
Tru nk (of 0. tree) (of l\n elephl\nt)
glan-ana: (box) BfJam, VJrom.
Truss s. ,-km-p<>; vb. to - up rd::c-ba.
Trustee pa-{sdb.
Trustworthy;os-pa.
Truth .ics-pa, bdm-pa, yin_min 510.
Try n.!jall18 sa(l-pa 186, dpyod-pa, col. (sod-
lta..lJa.
Tub rZO/i-pa, 6::011I.
Tube doil-po, pu-ri.
Tuck up nl;:e-ba.
Tuesday r=a-miy·dmdr.
Tuft jxm; - of wool bal-odab IV.
Tumble vb. <P!lcl-ba.
Tumbler (drInking-glass) del-klir, iel-fJO/".
Tumult ollrug-pa. .
Tun WIl.
Tune s. glu.
Turban (00, la-(6d.
Turbid sko-ba,1I!JO[J-pa.
Turf spaIi, $pUli-po
Turkey rlllll.
Turkols yyu.
Turmeric yllJ'-ba.
Turn vb.a s[I!JUI'-ba; to - o/fzWfj-Ptl.; to
- out ob!Jin-pa; to - round )for-ba: to-
Ull rd::e-ba; to - upside down spub-pa,
slOfrpa; vb. n. r:'I()(fl-pa, ,oro-bu, ea-ba
11'.; to - away IdOfJ-pa.
Turn s. (3i,' 4-18, res 535; by turns (sil'-la,
(8ir-du., (si,' dWi, rn-la.
Turnip
Turret 8J!cu, spiu.
Tus k 'tI1/:e..lJa, mce-ao.
Tutelar !tod .lJi-dam-lI.a, (lIgs-dam.
Twel vo bclV-ynyis; twelftlJ bht"f'l!Jls-pa.
Twenty llyi.su; twentieth lIyi-lu-pa.
Twice lun-rllyis.
Twilight 3rod, arod-Jhi.
Twinc s. 8i-ri Iv.
Twins "(8ag-(Uy", m(se-ma.
Twirl ing-stick )a-bkrurJ-
Twist vb. fl. sgl"im-pa, feud-pa, sic-bu.
Two fllyis; v. also do 256·
Two-legged rka/j-rllyis-pa.
Tyrant dpoll-po drag-1'" or
Ultly mi-sdug-pa.
Ulcer gu·6a; lia-su lV.; pol, 1!uH;-pa.
Ultimately pugs-na.
Umbrella rdugs.
Unable mi dn-pa, cali mi kn-pa.
UDf\ccustomed rnigom-pa.
Unadulterated ma-
o
dre3-p,a, /had-mid.
u
Un 1\ "'Me ywi-med-la lV.
Unbearable mi-b::od-pa. _
Unbecoming mi-rigs-pa.
Unbelieving ma-dad-pa, dad-mid.
Un1utton vb. ll.. dJrol-La.
Uncho.nf;leahlo ofJyur-1IMd
,pnchastlty odod-ldj.
Uncle Verdant 885
(-;><>)
I'lidi-an
>//t-j-fs<t/'<-/><t
,
ilri-ii' flu
\V.,
ski/
ii
!/-/>/
I' ii cu in in
i 'ii t mi-niln, ttin-ninii* nni
////'-/
'"
*r/- n>,',/.
f-nnil-i><i
inn
i///t-/xr
-J-JT-
I inlrt'i nrtl t',,s-///nf.
[ n tli- 1
,".-/. ,";>->/
:>oi : v. also $aw
557.
I' ii'lr!--Lr:iMii('iit
\tit-t iii't.
lergo
nifon-bd,
/>:<></-/>((,
sni/o/t-/Hi.
Understand
mKyen-pa, go-ba,
nos-
j
f
u-<>(l-
fxt, riij-it, xi'S-fnr. Ini-ijn-lta
W.
Understanding
s.
bio, blo-gros; good
-
(agreement)
in fun
-jll.
I" ml crtji
king
s.
rtsom-pa
441.
Undoubtedly ydon-mi-za-bar.
Uneasy
k/t-i/ti
end-pa,
mi
f&im-pa,
mi
dga-b<t,
nil
di/d-xfi'.
Unequal
mi- dra-ba.
Unequalled Ogran-ya-med.
Uneven
rtsub-po.
Unexpectedly
hun-med-la
W.,
yan-med-
l<i
\V.; glo-bur-du, har(-gyis)
C.
Unfasten
^rol-ba.
Unfinishea fe-rel W.
Unfit
adj.'
mi-mn-ba.
Unfold
Jni-ba,
Ka
Jbu-ba.
Ungracious
brtse-med.
Unguent
byug-sman.
Unhappy okra-mi-sis-pa, sdug-bsnal-can,
)'!/<tit-mcd-pa.
Unimpaired ma-nyams-pa.
Universally pal-cer.
Universe
jig-rten.
Unjust fsul-mcd;
cos ma
yin-pa.
Unkind brtse-nu'il.
Unmarried
(male
or
female) Ki/im
-
fabs-
mdd', (female) tfyo-med.
Unobserved adv. ma-fs&r-bar.
Unoccupied yan-pa.
Unquestionable fag-bcad-paVXl.
Unquestionably
;.////
n .<>-'><ir.
'
mi-rig-pa
Unsought
/-/W- ///,',/.
Unsteady
'/"//
Dnsubstantial
/;//_'/>-////
\-\\.
I \ in metrical
</"
Untie
^/I'ol-ltn.
Until
Intr-iln,
I'
i-jiii
\\'.;
i',
in-l,i
340,
yan-la
506.
Untoward mi-
dod-pa.
Untruth H(th-sui>.
I
p
tn
prep, gan,
<lrnii-<ln.
ni<lnn-<lu,
Idan-
du W.
285);
rtsar
437;
adv.
yar, gyen.
Upbraid bka-bkyon &//></-/;.
Up-hill gyen-du.
Upon
Ka-im,
/>// :;:>.
(og-tu'ZSi,
*f,-n-<lu
'222-
Upper adj. ya-gi\
end
fog-ma; part
stod.
Upright
(erect) kye-n'\
L-r<>i,-kr<'>ft
\V.\ (hon-
est) cos-dran-po.
Up-stairs ya-fog.
Urge
vb. a. v. nan
302.
Urgently nye-bar.
Urinary organs
cit-sd.
Urine
ycin,
cu,
di*i-%u.
Usage (custom)
srol.
Use vb. a.
spyod-pa.
Use s.
krims; pan-pa', lob-KyddW.
Useful
dgos-pa, pan-fogs-pa
;
to be
pun-
pa.
Useless
mi-dgos-pa, pan-rned,
don-med;
con W. 162.
Usual
fun, tun-moii, pal-pa.
Usurp Oprog-pa.
Utensils
lag-ca.
Uterus
bu-sndd, pint-ma.
Utmost v. bla-ma
382, ji
172.
Utter
rjod-pa, Odon-pa.
Uvula Ice-cuit.
V
Vac u i t
y ston-pa-nyid
223.
Vagina mnal-sgo
132.
Vagrant adj. yan-pa.
Vain
(fond
of
dress)
//M
;
or-/>, i-<l;nb-po,
col. zab-mo.
Va lid stobs-can.
Valley lun-pa;
lower
part
of a
mdo,
upper part pu.
Valuable
dkon-pa, rin-po-<fe.
Value s.
(price) gott,
fan, -rin; (import-
ance)
/.
r
".s.
Vanish
yal-ba,
mi-snan-bar
^yur-ba
317.
Vapour
s.
nad,
rlaris^pa.
Variegated
bki'a-ba.
Various
sna-fsogs,
sna-so-so, so-so,
i"igs
mi-
Varnish s. rtxi.
[ycig-pa.
Vegetables sno-fsod,
f
sod-ma,
Idum.
Vehicle
fcg-pa, bzon-pa.
Veil s.
fdon-Rebt.
Vein
(of
the
body) rtsa; (of minerals)
;
/</
-jus,
nln-Kd
287.
Venerable btsun-ixi.
Vengeance dugs
W.;
to take
*dug
kor-
ce,
Ian kor-ce* W.
Venture vb.
spobs-j><t.
Venus
j0a(-/r)-.-
Verdant,
the
ground
becomes
-
sa
Jbo
C.
395;
or Silo
skye
136.
42*
Uncle - Verdllllt
t" /Ide L..-bo; 'u-:mt. 'u.K.. w.
t nrl",all .. tl""·"'(J-MJlj Ui-d..
IV,
l' n f' OILl IQ 011 tv,,-'lHiilr. mll_"'''''' lila yill-ptl
!::u: .,w-rni.l, fa-_l-pa IfttJ ,,"-pn m.
l ndl'fined
l' n tie r .tJ#,J-rw:.oJ; v. al-.o Ja'" 56'i.
l'ntlu-Jl:arment 'wf-f"".
Llldl'q(o "lfo"-OO, 6:Ot/-}'tI, '''90''-&'.
.iEym_pa, go-OO, ;'OI-.">rOd-
}'lI, ritj-pu, Jf'-pa; n:
l:n,Jeruanding s. !Jlo, h!o--Y/'{Jt; good-
mfun 21l.
lJnd<'rtAking 8. til.
l' ne! 0 u bted Iy pu;m-ml-::ll-bar.
Uneasy Jro,i-du Cud-pa, 1/11 fllm-pa, TIli
dya-lm, "/1' df/a-alt.
Unequal mi-.dra-ba.
VIleq ualled .,gran-yo.-mtrl.
Vne\"('n rtoub-po
1..: nex rected Itult-mt'd-ln. lV.., ya"--l-
14 Jr.; ylo-bur-du, Juu("flY-) L
Cnfhten
Unfinisbe"il ft-tilil'.
Un fi l adi-"lNi-rwi-ba.
Unfold .'1fI-btl,l!a .bv-OO.
l:ngfftcious
Unguent
Un It a PII Y [,b-a-mi-Jit-pa, lduy-/JIlial-lmt,

Unimpaired mU-1lyam'1Ja.
rial-cir.
UniverlSC ig-rtbl.
Unj ust f.u -mid; eo.. ma yin-pa.
Un kind b,·/lt--mM.
Unmarried (wale 01' femllle) /!yim-fal»
mid; (female) lyo-mid.
Unob erved adv. ma-fM>r-bor.
Unoccupied yall-pa.
Vnquestionable !"!7.
v
Unquestionably rtlmf lIN· :a-'Hlr.
Uurea.onatole
Unripe fjNl-TKJ.
Un"ought rr.oi-wvU
Unstead)" ,dll!J'" '-.!'-ptt l.:lIJ.
Unnb.tantial
Ullos1mmetrical,..__-:w".
Untie .,groi-ba..
Until liar-du, fll{/ '-9·1Jt1 IV.; ilUlt-kt
3JO, !/(JrHa WG.
UD. to\\ lord
Uutrutli iah-ioo.
Up to prep. !lW1, d'1Iti-rlU, m<IIIIH!U, ldan-
rill II. r($lIr 437; lid." yar, gp.
U[I braid bka-bJ.:Y()n 6yNI-IJt1.
U[I-bill !Jynl-dU.
UI'0n /lUI' fotj-m 237, w,;..d" 2'.!'"1.
Upller ndj. ya-glj - tod (00-1116; - part.
.Md.
U1'1' i gil t (erect)iye-Ii; .i:roJi-,("f1i JI'.; (bon-
N) n.dra;'-po.
Up-uai tI ya-fog.
t:rge .,b.a. v. lIllZlI::lO'l.

Urinary ort::aDs Cu-«J.
Urine ran, cv, Jri_la.
Usage (custom) '"".
Use ,to, l\.
Use s. krilJll; Jian-pa: lob-tyd.l W:
UI eruI d!J04-pa, pan-fog.r-pa; to be - JHnt-
pa.
Uaden mi-dfloa-pa, twn-fIlM;
00" IV: lG2.
Usual fun, tun-1Iw,i, f/ll-pa.
Usurp .tfro!J-pa.
Utensils lag-ca.
U I e r uS bu-,ndd, jmJ.-.
Utmost ". Ua-ma 38!, ji 17!.
Utter rjod--pa, .dbll-pa.
UT tala la-cwli.
Vacuity.tQ..-pa-1l!Jid2'!3-
VaginA m;,al-lgO 132.
adj. yan-pa.
V... 111 (folltl of drC>i!l) moor-po, rd::ob-po,
col, ::ab-mo.
Vnlid 3tw...lan,
Valley IUff-IJa; lower pArt of a - "Ido,
upper pnrt Jiu.
V,duable IIJ.YJ1t-fXl, ritl-po-lt.
Value s. (price) go-f, flUi, rin; (ilDport-
.f...
Vanish yal-ba., wti-IItIVi-bar 31;.
Vapour -.iud, ,m;'.r-pa,
Variegated bl.·ra-&t..
Various .na-flOgS, IIla--.6, to-lid, ng, 1rIi-
"arnish 8. mi, (rcig-pa.
Vegetables .no-fWd, f.oll-MII, lcJlIPIl.
Vehicle ftg-pa,
Veil i, rtlon-/WJI.
Vl.'i D (of tlu:d.lOdy) rtm; (of minetll.li!) )"it/"-
J..'IJ ItJo./!d 2lli.
Veuul\tole
Vengeance J"!P 11'.; to lAke - ·Jug.to,-..
N, lall I:or-h" W
Ventare
Venu", pa(-}4a-
Verdant, the g/"OUlld beoom - l(I.bo C.
3'36; or "'" is
...
666
Vermicelli
We
Vermicelli
ycur-pe,
cur-ba.
Vermilion
s.
mfsal,
fsal.
Vermin
srin-bu, O
bu.
Verse
s.
rkan-pa 15, fsigs
448.
Vertex
mgo-dkyil, ytsug.
Vertical
gyen-la dran-po
W.
Very
rab-tu,sin-tu;
ha-can
595;
ma W.
408;
the
very
Ko-na 43.
Vessel
(receptacle)
snod; (anatom.) bu-ga ;
(ship) yzins, gru.
Vestibule
sgo-Kan.
Vestige
mal.
Vice s.
sdig-pa, mi-dge-ba.
Vice-roy rgyal-fsab.
Vicissitude
Ogyur-ba
II 97.
Victorious,
to be
-
rgyal-ba.
Victory rgyal.
Victuals
Ka-zds, za-ba,
za-ma.
Vie with
Qgran-pa.
Vi e w s. snan-ba 317
;
point
of
(mode
of
viewing things)
mfon-sndn
318,
yzigs-sndn
;
vb. a. Ita-ba.
Vigorous
r
em-pa.
Vile
btsog-pa.
Vilify smad-pa, dma-Jbebs-pa,
ma-babkal-
ba W. 421.
Village yul-gru, gron, groii-fso, gron-yul,
yul-fso.
Villager gron-pa.
Vine
rgun,
r
gun-sin.
Vinegar skyur-Ku, skyur-ru Sik., skyur-mo
Lh.
Vineyard rgun-fsds.
Violate
(infringe) ycog-pa, O cal-ba; (de-
flower)
lus
smad-pa.
Violent
drags-po,
btsan.
Virgin
bu-mo,
bu-mo
ysar-ma.
Virtue
dge-ba, bsod-pa; by
of
stobs-kyis
224.
Virtuous
dge-ba^ dge-lddn.
Viscid rtsi-can.
Vi s h nu
Kyab-)ug
46.
Visible
mnon-pa, ysal-po,
mfon-du run-ba.
Vision
(act
of
seeing) man-ba, mfon-snati',
range
of
mtoh-JHor\ (phantom)
zal-
jzigs.
Visit vb. a. zal-lta
byed-pa;
. . . dan
fug-
pa-la Ogro-ba,
. . . dan
mjal-ba
or
prad-pa.
Visitation
(inspection) zal-ta,
zal-lta.
Voice
skad, sgra, sgra-skad, resp. ysun\
loud skad-ce.
Volcano me-ri.
Voluptuousness Odod-pa, Odod-cags.
Vomit vb.
skyug-pa;
s.
skyugs-pa.
Vortex
ytsug.
Vow s.
fugs-dam,
dam,
dam-fsig, yi-dam\
to make a
fugs-dam
bca-ba.
Vowel
dbyans.
Vulgar
s. dmans
422; adj. fa-mal-pa
227.
Vulture
go-bo, glag, bya-gldg.
W
Wag
vb, a.
sgril-ba.
Wages gla, pogs.
Waggon sin-rta;
wheel sin-rtai
pan-
16.
Wai
lings
s.
smre-sndgs.
Waist
rked-pa.
Wait vb. n.
sgug-pa, sdod-pa, srin-ba;
to
on
m)al-ba;
to lie in
sgug-pa-,
to
keep
one
waiting sgug-tu ^jug-pa.
Waiting-man
sku-mdun-pa,
zabs-pyi-,
drun-ftor.
.
Wake vb. a.
sod-pa, ynyid sad-pa.
Walk vb. n.
bgrod-pa, O grul-ba, Ogro-ba,
O cag-pa; resp. skyod-pa, ysegs-pa, Jbyon-
pa',
to take a
skyo-sans-la Ogro-ba 458;
v. also
yyens-pa 518;
the act of
walking
O gros;
manner of
spyod- gros.
Wall s.
rtsig-pa, Icags-ri,
sky
a.
Walnut
star-ka,
dar-sga.
Wand s.
dbyug-gu, dbyu-gu.
W
T
ander
/cyam-pa, rgyu-ba.
Want vb. a.
dgos-pa, Ofsal-ba, Jco-ba;
I
-
na-la
dgos 87;
I do not want it Ko-ce med
TF.56.
War s.
Jlrug-pa-, mag-fab C.,
mag-fug
W.
Wardrobe
gos-sgdm.
Warm
adj. dro-ba, dron-mo,
fsa-ba.
Warm vb.a.
sro-ba;
dugs-pa
W.',
to one's
self Ide-ba.
Warmth
fsa-grait,
drod.
Warp
s.
rgyu.
Warrior
dmag-mi.
Wart
mdzer-pa.
Wash vb. a.
Jcrud-pa, resp.
bsil-ba.
Washing
s.
/cms;
water for Jcrus-Ku.
Waste
adj. gog-po, ston-pa.
Watch vb. a. srun-ba.
Watchman srun-mKan.
Water
cu, eleg.
cab;
carrier
cu-*pa;
-
channel
wa;
closet
pyag-ra; ysan-
spyod;
jar cu-rdzd;
~
snake
cu-sbrul;
-
spout Odre-pu-fsub
W.
;
tub cu-zem.
Wave s.
rlabs,
dba-klon.
Wavering
s. fsam-fsum.
Wax s.
spra-fsil
C.,
mum W.
Way (road) ^gro-sa, lam, (manner)
rnam-
pa,
fobs, lugs,
fsul;
by
or in the of
sgo-
nas
115;
to have the of
rigs-pa
528;
to
give Jbyer-ba;
to make
Jbyol-ba,
O
dzur-ba.
[<o, ^u-cag.
We
pron.
na
124, na-cag, ned, ned-ran,
nos
y
6Gil
Vermicelli - We
Vermicelli eur-OO.
Vermilion s. (,0.1.
Vermin ,rin-bu, .bu.
Verse s. rkan-JX115, {sif13 448.
Vertex mgo-dI'!Jil, rt8lJ{1.
Yertical fI!Ien-la dJ"ali-po lv.
Very rab-tu, Un-tu; md W. 408;
the very t'Q-71a 43.
Vessel (receptacle) snodj (anatom.)bu-ya;
(ship) rz;,i" gru.
Vestibule'r.(J.J.'uli.
Vestige 1110..
Vice s. &dig-pa, mi-dge-ba.
Vice-ro)' r9!Jal-fsab.
Vicissitude of/1Jur-ba 11!ri.
Victorious, to be - rg!Jal-ba.
Victorl' rfJ!Jal.
Yietun s 1..'0.-:::«8, za-ba, za-ma.
Vie wit h o!Jratl-pa.
View s. 81lo.li-ba 317; point of - (mode of
viewing )m(QI;-s7ltiti 318,rz1gS-8nd,i;
vb. a. [ta-f)(l,
Vigorous "em-pa.
Vile bfAQg-pa.
Vilify smad-pa, dma-JJeb8-pa, mo.-bab kal-
ba w: 421.
Village yul-gru., grmi, 91'(/1;-(80, gro;,-yul,
P,uJ.,.(so.
Villager gron-pa.
Vine "!fUn, ryun-iiti.
Vinegar skllur-lJu, Bl.yul'-l'U Sik., d.'!JUI'-mo

Vineyard .,.gun-(sUs.
Violate (infringe) frog-pa, ocai-ba, (de-
flower) IUlJ 8mad-pa.
Violent drags-JlQ, btsan.
Virgin bu.-mo, Qu-'lIlO rtar-ma.
Virtue dge-ba, b30d-pu; by - of
2'2-1.
Virtuous dge-ba, dge-lddll.
Viscid rtsi-can.
Vishnu "'!lab-jUg 46.
Vi si ble m,il)tl.-opa, fsal-po, m(oli-dlt ,·wi-Qa.
Vision (actofseeing) snllli-ba, lIl(oli-ma,i;
rnnge of - m(on-oT..'ol'; (phaatom) zal-
pig8.
Visi t vb. a. zal-lta byed-pa; ... dmi (ug-
... dwi m)al-ba or prtUl-pa.
Visitation (inspection) zal-ta, zal-lta.
Voice n'ad, 8fJra, $fl1'a-skad, resp. J'8uit;
loud - Bl.·ad-'ti.
Volcano me-'I'i.
Voluptuousness odod-pa, "dod-cU98'
VOlDlt vb. skyug-'jJa; s. sT..'YItfl8-pa.
Vortel: ftsu9'
Vow s. (u[J$-ddm, dam, dam-(s"fl, yi.-dam;
to make a - (U{}s-Jam bf:a-ba.
Vowel dhllatis.
Vulgtl.\' s. dmwi8 422; adj. (a··mal-pa 227.
Vultu re go-bo, glag, bya-gld[J.
w
Wag vb. a. sgril-bu.
Wages gia, thu8.
W"l;\'Il'0D Ai,i-tia; - wheel iili-rtai pali-M.
WaillDgs s. smre-8/iay8.
Wa.ist .,.kid-pa.
Wait vb. D. 8gUg-pa, 8dod-pa, uili-ba; to
- on m)al-ba; to lie in - 'flug-pa; to
one waiting sgU{}-tu.
Wrutlng-man 8ku-mdun- pa, zabs- pyi;
dro/i-lUr. .
Wake vb. a. sod-pa, rnllid stUl-pa.
Walk \'b. n. bgrod-pa, Srul-Qa, ofjro-ba,
ecag-pa; resp. M'!J<:'d-po., fsega-pa, '/"!)<m-
pa; to take a - M?/O-salis-Ia <fIro-ba 458;
v. also fyeil$-pa ln8; the act of walking
o[l/Y)s; lDlUlncr of - sP!jOd-09r6s.
Wall s. rtsig-pa, ltags-ri, Bl.ya.
Walnut stal'_ka, dar-8ga.
Wand s. db!fUfJ-gU, dbyu-gu.
Wander /.'yam-pa, rg!Ju-ba.
Want vh. a. d(;Q8-Pa, .lsal-ba, ,).h-lJa; 1-
1'a-ia dgQ8 87; I do not want it fo-a med
lV, 56. "
War s. "T:rtI{j-pa; 1/w.g-(db C., mag-rUg w:
Wardrobe fJ08-8f1dm. .'
Warm adj. dro-ba, drtm-mo, (sa-ba.
Warm vb.lI.sro-ha; dugs-palV.; to-one's
self lde-lm.
Warmth (sa--grail, drod.
Wnrp s. NJ!!U.
Warrior dmag-mi.
Wart mdzer-pa.
Wash vb. a. .llrud-pa, reap. bsil-ba.
Washing s. I'rus; 'water for - Krus-1l:U.
Waste ndj. f}Qfj-po, $loti.pa.
Watch vb. a. srult-ba.
Watchman lI'UiI·mJ:an.
Water Cu, eleg. lab; - carrier eu-pu;
channel wa.; - closet pyug-raj !sait-
spyQd; - jar eu-rdzd; - snake Cu-sbrul;
- Sl)out odre-ftu-(sub IV.; - tub eu--Um.
Wave s. dabs, dha-klon.
Wa ve r i ng s. (8am-(.sUm.
Wu: s. 8pru-(sil c., mum W
Way (road) 09/'1)-8«, lam, (manner)"mam-
pa, (abs, lU{}s, (sui; by or in the - of 8go-
1Ias 115; to have the - of rig$fa 628; to
give - ob!lcr-ba; to make - obyol- bu,
"dzur-ba. ..u-tag.
We prOD. fia 124, na-cas, ned-rUll, fios,
Weak Word 667
Weak
adj. :</H-/XI.
.;,,/-///,,/. .;,,/-*//,;. Iml-
t/ii-il
II'.;
nyo/Mi-cuA)
)
(tm
~P
W.
Wi-al
(mark)
col.
nya.
Weal ill ,
\V i-:i
po
Wr:i I' \ It. :i.
\\ ;M
ineSfl
\\
fiiry adj.,
to be
skyo-lm. xutt-pa.
Weary
vh. a. wa
jug-pa;
to be wearied
//r;/-t>a.
Weather,
clear
/naw
dah-ba, ynam
ihra/'ix,
yinnn, fair,
dry fan-pa
'>_".).
Weave vb. a.
Ofag-pa.
Weaver
fa-ga-pa.
Wedge
s. ka-ni.
Wednesday yza-lhag-ma.
Weed s. rtea-nan.
Weeding (the
act
of) yur-ma.
Week
bdun-prdg.
Weep nu-ba, sum-pa.
Weft
spww.
Weigh
vb. a.
^al-ba, Odegs-pa, yzal-ba,
ysoi'-ba.
Weight
rdo
286,
sran
580.
Welcome,
you
are
^ons-pa legs-
so
501.
Welfare
bde-ba, bde-^dgs.
Well s.
Kron-pa, cu-don, Jbyuh-Kw'ts,
cu-
Wei 1
adj.,
are
you
? de-mo 'e
yo
C.
;
adv.
^o-nd 500;
very
de-ltar
O
fsal-lo
; well,
well!
yag-po yag-po; sounding snyan-
pa;
tasted
zim-po.
Wen Iba-ba.
Went,
I went son 579.
West nub.
Wet
adj. rlon-pa, yser-ba',
s. rlan.
Wether
fo/i-pa.
What interr. ci
139, gan
65,
ci-ltar
140,
)i
172.
Whatever
ei-yan;
it
may
be ci
yon
run
532.
Wheat
<7/*o;
flour
bag-fnjc.
Wheel s.
Jtor~lo', paddle
sku-'W.
When /,
r
a-7-w, Afar; ;
interr.
waw,
t/ws-
nam-zig
303.
\\ here
ga-na, ga-ru, gar\
is?
<7a-r^.
\Vlietstone
O
cfe#w.
\\ liich interr.
^a//
c,;..
While s.
yun',
a little
fen, dar-ybig,
re
zi(j O/M.S);
a
long
///)
zig-tu.
Whilst la
540,
fes 546.
Whip
s.
li-a<j, rtd-lcag.
Whirl vb. n.
Ofsub-pa.
Whirlpool ytsug, ytsug-Jtiiil.
Whirlwind
Odrc-pu-fsub
W.
\\ 1 1
isper
s.
sab-sub;
vb.
sub-pa, sib-pa.
Whistle vb.
sugs-sgra yton-ba]
v. also Ini-
Itit
597.
White
adj. dkar-ba;
wash dkar-rtsi.
Whither
ga-ru,
</<i-/n r.j. -/-//
\\'h" iiitri r. -/^/;
i;f),
u
673.
Whole
adj.
f<i/i>s-i<l
-j;;u; funn-nm. ril-lm.
/ir//-j>\
B,
lil-po.
\\'h
oily
//'>//-
Why
interr. //'. r/-A/
140,
ciipyir
:;:.!:
//
\\ ick S.
xni/i/i-jn,.
si/,,/,-/;/
'
. W.
Wicked
adj.
cos-Ji/i'/,
*<li<j-i><i-l<i
,1
m-ba.
\\ idc
zeii-can, yan* pa, tiel-po,
//-
Widow
yuy*(s)-8a-mo.
Widower
yug(s)-aa-pa, yug-sa; tikt/es-ntig
\\ idth
Kyon, yzt-i>.
[C.
Wife
cuft-ma,
cuh-groas\
'a-ne
W.;
Kab
38,
///o-?o48; (housewife) /,'yim
-
fab
-
mo,
l.i/im-pa-ma
47.
Wild
adj.
r
god-pa, ynyan-pa.
Wilderness
dgon pa, Obrog.
Will s.
bsam-pa, fugs, resp. fugs-dyoris.
Willing,
to be
Odod-pa.
Willow l^an-ma.
\\ ind s.
rdzi, rlun;
cold
-
lhag(s)-pa.
Wind vb.a.
dkri-ba, Ol?ri-ba,
Jcyil-ba, sgril-
ba;
vb. n.
Jc-nl-ba.
Window
rgyal-dkar
C.',
hole dkui'-kiiii.
Windpipe
////-////
W.,
Ikog-ma.
Wine
rgun-can, resp. rgun-skyhns;
caii.
\Ving
s.
sog-pa, jdab-ma.
Wink vb. n.
mig
Ih'ab-krdb or (sab-fsdb or
O
dzum- dzum
byed-pa.
Winter s.
dgun, dgun-ka.
Wipe
vb. a.
Opyi-ba;
to be
wiped
off
Obyi-
ba.
Wire
Icags-skud.
Wisdom
ye-ses,
ses-rdb.
Wise
adj. mKas-pa, gi'un-ba, mdzans-pa.
Wish s.
Odod-pa, yid-smon\ resp. dgoiis-pu,
bzed-don-,
vb. a.
Odod-pa, xm<m-(m. O
fsal-
ba, bzed-pa.
Witchcraft
mfu,
pra-im'n.
With dan
248,
mnyam-du
195,
bcas-su.
Withdraw vb.a.
ycod-pa,
mi ster-ba
;
vl>.
n-
^9ye-ba.
Wither vb. n.
myid-pa.
Within fxitn-l
:
<i</.
\\ ithout
prep. med-pa()*)
418.
Witness s.
dpait(-po).
Wolf
spyuii-ki.
Woman
bud-mcd, mo,
'a-ne W.
Womb m/'/dl KI-J.
l>u-tii<l
;U'.>.
fiim.
Wonder s.
i/a-infam.
Wonderful
i)<tntt->nf*ur-ba.
no-nifai/
ya-mfsan-po
C., ya-mf&an-can
W.
Wont,
Wonted
adj. goms-pa.
Wood
(forest) nags(-ma},
fsal; (timber)
.s///; shavings
.s-//)-c7.
Woodpecker
*///-///<''.
Woof
spun.
Wool bal
Word
fsig,
mitt, sgra, nag
125;
resp.
bka.
Wenlr. - Word 667
Wenk n<1j. iM-11Ii'll, ittl-cu'i, IU.ll-
mtd W.; "ylffIU-<:CtU', JIlIll-po IV.
Wen I (lIIlll'k) ('01. "!la.
WeAlth flor, dkOl',!lyug-fydJ, dbyiV(')'
b!JOl'-JHf. 10ilNpym.
\\'eAllon 1//fWII.
Wenr. ,b. n. Y!I(J/l-pa, bgo-fla.
Wenrlness ,;al..f!a, .o-brgydl.
Wenry Mlj., to be - M:!JO.fxj, .Im-po.
Wenry vb.ll.. 'ial JlIfJ-Jla; to be wC1\ried
nal·ba.
'''cntber, denr - rnam da,; - ba, filUm
dwwi., r"um fa'i; dry - fall-P(l22'J.
Weftve vb. a. "foy-pG.
Weaver (a""!lfJ-pa.
Wedge s.ka-I'U.
Wednesday r::a-lIlag-1Ifo.
Weed s. rllia-,lall.
Wcelling (the act of) ytt.r-fliG.
Wee Ie lxlun-prrifJ.
Weel' ,;u-ba, Nulll-pa.
Weft "P'fn.
Weigh vb. a. Jal..f!a, "l!l'f/$']Ia, tzal-ba,

Wc ight rdo w;, '1'(./1; &'ClO.
Welcome,_ you nrc - #OI'S-pa ltg•. w 001.
We ifnI' c {J<k-ba, bJl:-Jug•.
Well s. It."On_pa, tu-dO,i, "bgwi-1.'wis, Cu-
f,ji!!.
Wellndj., nrc you -? dNI'O 'e Y'! C.; ad\'.
#I)-nd 5(Xlj "ery - dt-ltar "t.al-w; well,
well! - sounding .nyall-
lla; - tnsted
"en lOO·ba.
Went, I went .oli
Wcst flub.
Wet Mj. rlon.pa, rNer-OOj s. rkm.
Wethcr fo,iila.
Wh n.t interr. (i 139, fJllIi Gil, (i-ltat· 140, jl
172.
Whatcver ei'YllIi; - it mny be Ci yeu. ",,;
032.
Whent lI'"O; - 1I0ur bag-i'yt.
Whee I s. "kor·lo; tmddle - sku-ro,
WIlen fa-nl • .l'ar; e(n; interr. 110m, dlll}-
Ilam.zifJ 300.
Where ga-Ila, fJa-1'11, f/ar; - is? f/a-re.
Whetstone "d::(n.
Which interr. ga,; 65.
Wbile s. Ylln; n little - (1.'11, lIOl,·)'cif/, rt
ziq (dus); 11 long - /'iii zif/.Ilt.
Whllst ia Mo, las MG.
Wbip s. rla-leGg.
Whirl vb. n. "flulJ.pa.
Whirlpool ytauf/, JUlIg611.'Vil.
Whirlwind L
Wh isper s. 'ab-IMb; vb. iub·pa, iilr-pa.
Whistle ,·b. wf/s--rgra rw,i.biJ.; v. also ljU_
ku C:f.l7.
W1I i te adj. dJ.-ar_oo; - wn5n dkcrr·rui.
WI!ithu f/a-nt, ga-La f,.J, yar 67,
Who iuterr. !JaH 65, IU 6.3.
Wliole ,wi. famj_ma, ril.l""
IIf-ii-{JO; s. ..il-po.
Wh 01 Y yo,i.-.u.
Wh y iuterr. N, (j../a 110, eii iyir oa.ia
rlnl-lla8 211; int.erj. y.().
Wick 8• • nyi':'-po• .doli-rae C.,.sar W:
W!eked ndj. hM.mM, wif/-1HJ-lt, '0'I-ba.
WI de ze,i-ean, !Ju;" pa, Ilei·eall.
Widow
Widower yufl{.).saiJa, .J:YI:I-'liliq
Width J.'!J01I, {('.
Wifc fUli.ma, cUli.!!"OV.; 'a-lIt JV.; fab:la,
!'r,.mo 48; (housewife) A'yim- fllb - 1111).
l.yim.pa..mfJ 4••
Wi hi Mj. r9oJ-pa, j'7lya'l-pa.
dyon pa, "brOfl.
WIll s. (wjS, resp. flfg8-tlgoil"
Willing, to be - odod-pa.
Willow lttlli-mu
Wind s, ,'lizi, dWl; cold - llfllfl{')6pa.
Wind \·U.ll. dJ.ri-bu, of/·j·ba, "A'!lil-ba,
flGj \·b. n. "frif.l)(l.
... -rgYIIL-dA'ar C.; - holc (llwr·J!u';.
\\ mdplpc k,'U-A-ril w., Ikog-7n(f.
Wine l'[IUll.cali, resp. T!/I(II-aJql':IIl.; CUti.
Wing s. 'Off·pa,
Wink \·b. n. mig/b·,.".!'"ib or ($Itb·f$ub 01'
"d::um-"d::iHII byf"l:l.pa.
Wlntel' s. wjtm, d!!ulI-ka.
Wipe \"b. n. "fyi·ha; to be willed off "byi-
bo.
Wirc lCaf/.....kHd.
Wisdom !It-se.,
Wisc adj. •nA'a.-pa, !/'1fn.oo, md:ati'-p(l.
'VislJ s. oflod-pa, yid-Inwtf; res!'. 1100"s-]'0.
b:::tf!.don; \'b. a. "dod-pll, .I/WI/-Pff, of.al-
ba, btoo-pa.
Witchcraft mfu, Jil·'l.mbl.
With dllti 218, "'11!Jalll'''f 196, bea.-.It.
Withdraw vb. a. reod-pa, tIli .(el'.Qa; vb.
n. 09'y.bll.
Wither vb. n. "l!Jid-I'a.
Within f5Im-cdd.
Withou t prep. ",ed'pa(l') ·US.
Witncss s. dpa':'(-po).
Wolf .pyan.1.-i.
,YonHlD bud-meel,me, IV.
W DIU b '11,iul 132, IJtl.-$llod 319, "llItl.
,,'onder s. ya'IIl($w"
Wondc rfuI 'Iyam.-m!:.ar-ba, Oio-lI/(sal'-ba;
}ju-m(.all-lJO C., yU-7lff.an-NfIl W:
Wont, Wouted lulj. fJO""-pa.
Wood (forest) Illf!!'(-/tl<l). (4al; (limber)
"M; - "i,j_::i1.
Woodpcckcr HH'r'!I0n.
Woof 'plll/.
Wool b(lL
Wora 6i!!, min, IU"a, .ilifJ 12;i; re"p. bJm.
668
Work
Zodiac
Work
s.
bya-ba,
bzo, las, resp. prin-las-,
vb. a. las
byed-pa.
Workman
las-pa,
las-mi.
Workmanship
bzo 497.
Wor kin aster
lay-dpon.
Workshop
bzo-Kan.
World
jig-rten,
srid-pa
582.
Wor 1 d 1 i n e s s
Jig-
rten
O
di- la
cays
-
pai
sems;
v.
bya-ba.
Worm
Obu,
srin-bu, nyal- gro.
Worn out
cad-po.
Worst,
to
get
the
-
of
O pam-pa.
Worth s.
Jcos, gon,
rin,
fan.
Worth
adj.
ri-ba.
Worthless
rin-med.
Worthy ysa, ysa-ma;
to be
^os-pa.
Wound s.
rma,
rma-fca W.
Wrap
vb. a.
dkri-ba',
to round
sgril-ba;
to
up O
dril-ba.
Wrath
tiro-ba,
ze-sdan.
Wrest vb. a. snol-ba.
Wrestle vb. n. snol-ba,
Wretched
sdug-po; nyal-ba-can
W.
Wring O
fsir-ba.
Wrinkle s.
ynyer-ma.
Wrist
lag-fsigs.
Write
Q
bri-ba.
Wrong adj. mi-rigs-pa, log-pa, mi-^os-pa]
^os-med
W.
Wry adj. O cu-ba, O cus-pa
170-
Yak
yyag;
male
po-yydg;
female
-
O
toi-
mo;
wild
-
Jbron.
Yard
(court-yard) Kyams.
Yarn
snal-ma,
sran-bu.
Yawn vb.
glal-ba, sgyin-ba
118-
Yea
^o-nd
500.
Year
lo;
this da-lo.
Yeast
pabs,
rtsabs.
Yellow
ser-po.
Yes
^o,
de
yin\
'
W.;
yes, yes!
de-ka
yod
255; ,
so it is de-de-bzin-no.
Yesterday Ka-rtsdn,
mdan.
Yet
^.on
kyafi, yin kyah, yin
na
yan W.;
gal-te.
Yield vb. a.
yton-ba\
vb. n. dan-du
len-pa.
Yoke of oxen
glah-dor.
Yonder
pa-gi.
Yo u
pron. I'yed, Kyod 48, nyid
188.
Young adj. yzon-pa, cun-ba;
the
youngest
(son) fa-cun;
s.
prug.
Youth s.
(youthful age) lan-fso; (boy
or
young man) tfyeu, yzon-nu.
Zeal
rtsol-ba, brtson-^^us, Obad-pa, bag- Zealously
rtsol-bar.
cags.
Zero
fig-le.
Zealous brtson-
grus
dan
ldan-pa;
to be Zinc ti-fsa.
brtson-
grus skyed-pa, brtson-par byed-pa.
Zodiac
Kyim-gyi Jcor-lo.
Final remark. The Tibetan
words,
given
in the
Vocabulary,
are not in
every
instance
to be
regarded
as exact
equivalents
for whatever word
happens
to be
sought,
but rather
as
hints,
how to attain to the wished for
expression.
It
will, therefore,
be
frequently
in-
dispensable
to refer to the Tib.
Engl. Dictionary
for further
explanation,
and to examine
the different
bearings
and relations of the word in
question,
so far as
they may
have been
traced there.
Although
this
Vocabulary
is
by
no means
complete
in
itself,
yet
it is to
be
hoped
that it will not
prove quite unuseful,
but answer the
purpose
for which it was
intended.
668
Work - Zodiac
Work 8. hya·bfl, bzo, UJ.S, resp. f!'in.Ulsi
vb. fl. IU3 byrd-pa.
WorkmuD {cu-pa, [(Mj.-mi.
Workmanshi!l b::o 4!l1.
Workmaster la,lJ-dplin.
Workshop h::xrfan.
World Jiy.,·tCn, 8rid-JX1 082.
Worldhness odi.La 'lags-pai
Be1/13; v. bya.r;a.
Worm obu, sr-ilHJU, 1'lyal-o!J/Y)'
Worn out 'Cad.po.
'Worst, to g-et the - of o,lam-pa.
Worth s. oK<J8, gon, rin, (ali,
Worth adj. l'i-ba.
Worthless rilHnM.
y
Worthy r8a, fSQ.ma; to be -
Wound s. rma, rma-fa w:
Wrap ,·b. a. dJ,.·ri-W; to - round sgril-ba;
10 - up iiril-ba.
Wrath I..'ro-ba, ze-sdati.
\Vrest vb.n. snol-ba.
Wrestle vb.n. snol-bu.
Wretched «lug?; nyal-ba-can lV.
Wring o(sir-ba.
Wrin kIe s. rnyer-1Ila.
Wrist log-(sfgs.
Write obri-fm.
Wrong adj. 1Ili-rigs-pu, log-pa, 1Il1-..
#os-nud W.
Wry adj. orn-b«, oCtUJ-l'u no.
Yak ryafj; mille --l»-rydgj femnle - /m:'
mo; wild - o!JrCJli.
Yard (court-yard) fyulIU!.
Yarn 81lal-ma, sran-bu.
Yawn vb. glal-ba, sgyin-ba l1S.
Yea 600-
Year (OJ this - da·lo.
Yeas palA, rt3aQs.
Yellow,er-po.
Yes..o, de yill;'a TV.; yes, yes! de-ka yOO
200; -, so it is de-de-bZin-no.
z
Yesterday lla-rt8a,i, mdan.
Yet #Q1I kyati, yill kya», yin na yali Tv.;
gal-teo
Yield vb. a. ftoli-aa; vb. n. dml-du len-p«.
Yoke of oxen glmi-dor.
Yonder pa-gi.
Yo u pron. A'yod 48, nyid 188.
Young adj. YZ01I-pa, the )"onngest
(son) (a-Cti,.; s. frllg.
Youth S. ()'outhflll age) lmi- (80; (boy or
young mnn) A'ycu, yZon-nu.
Zeal rliol-ba, bl'/8rm.o!Il'U8, j,Jad-pa, bag-
la!),.
Zealous brtson·o.11"WI dan Wan-pa; to be-
hrtslm-"grus J.yed--pa, brtson-par byed-pa.
Zealously,·tscl-bar.
r.ero (ig-le.
Zinc Ii-(lfo.
1.0diac ltyim-gtJi olror-lo.
Final remark, The Tibetan words, given in the Vocnbulary, arc not in every inst..ince
\.(1 be regarded as exa.et equivalent.s for whatAlver word happens to be sought, but mther
as hints, how to attain to the wished for expression. It will, tlIererore, be frequently in-
dispeasnble to refer to the Tib. Eng!. Dictionary for further explanation, and to examinc
the ditTerent bearingli and relations of the word in question, so far as they may have been
tnlced there. - AltllOngh this Vocabulnry is by no mcullS complete in itself, yet it is to
be hoped that it will not prove quitAl but lUIswer the purpose for which it was
intended.
I
CORRECTIONS.
A revision of the
Dictionary
has
brought
such a number of
misprints
to
light that,
on second
thoughts,
it
seems
absolutely necessary
not to leave them
unnoticed,
but to
register
all that are of
any consequence.
The
unfortunate
fact,
that such corrections should be
required,
has to be ascribed to two
circumstances,
in
regard
to which the reader's
indulgence
has
already
been
appealed
to in the
Preface, namely,
the author's weak -tate
of
health,
and the difficulties with which the
printing
of a book of this character is
necessarily
attended.
-
P-
CORRECTIONS.
A ,evisio" of the Dictionary bas hr01lgl>t " Ilumbn of misprint. to liJ:'ht thlt, On tho"ibts, it
al>soJlutely nOt to l...vc tI,em but to register.ll that arc of I"y T.,
""(onu,,a'e lhat eorre<:tions .hnul<l be ""luirt<l, hns to I.e oucribe<l \0 t ....o c;.cum...nces, in 'tr-ro
tn which the r...dcr', indulgence hi' .I....df bffn to in the Preface, n.mely, the author", wo:ak ,tatc
of and the difficullics ,,-jlh which the .,rinling of. book of thn cha.acter i. ntteuaril,. ol",..<lod. _
p. pogc; a h the .c<pectivc column, left or right; I Ii",,; when the I,,,," are wunleo! from fOOl of P"J:C.
the numeral. are I,rovidcd with In 051...i,k.
p. eol. I.
p. col. I.
2

8 read
01

u' read I..',..ims-/"d,j
2 b 11
"
l'a-sa)u
a2 b 21

3 b 3'
"
to b\ocknll
"
b IS
"
reqUISites
,

18
"
fad-k,vi
lit,
b 0
"phr'l' ,
b 21 dka-(u./rla
"
,
If>

2
"
!(1-81_1,[!1m-pO 6G b Ii)
ofo-byM
l'

12'
"
I'l.:ll1i-
o
bam
"

"I'

l'
b
"
diA: out "
"
10

"
"
affix denoting
"

10"
"
ollyam-pa
10

1"
"
rl.:ya,i-pa
"
b "I'
"

"I b 10'
"
frc1uently
.,

"
_ !Jali. - 3. bald, IV. ga-
21

,
"
,I.:a -7/61' pi (\., 'p!fi 333),
21 b
,
t'
G5

21°
"
dC-IIi
2G

,
"
:J..yU>i 6G

1(00
"
fjal;-=ag-
"

II'
"
'[!fil-ldil'
'"

14'
"
ldg..J.la-t\ml-gyi
"
,
18°
"
dylll'-mo
'"
b
If,
"
md=od-f,id
"
,
1"!lwi-sJ.!Jul'
-
• GO

"I

re-Lorn
"
"

15°

28 b
l'
"

"
b 17°
"
gllil-dum
31 b
1'"
lag-Un 74

18
"
9!1
dd
..J.:,'1
i
:t2 b
l'
dele 2. to paste H

13'
"
9yi, for k1li
:t2 b
[,0
rend sJ...ra-shi
"

11 !/yrm-'Ylr;.t
:l:l

0' f
"
b
,
"
(Jb-yra
:\.1 b 7
"
\hi-nt 81..,'6g-p"
77 b
l' "I"f
"
"
b 12

ClI>'tc

"

0
"
soft mouth 78 b
"
9rOrr
Cu
"

1"
"
to lie on the fnce
72
• l'
"
mUd-rim
"
b
,.
"
81

11
"
-I'tdd-mo
"

1
"
la,-J.-a
"
b
O.
"
stOOl'
"

10
,..,(/.
&; b 18 "5Q.F.,..,t
"
zu' ) Ng id. - 2. "
:tiJ
,
,
"
41

"I
"
J..'uff-tll 8G b 11
"
lIIdfJ; anuD;
41

4' rlUhllili
dgt·,)w.III(! etc.
44

l'
"
J.:6g-pa ,jQlI-Jl" 87

l'
"
b'tall-pa-/11
670
Corrections
p.
co). 1.
89
b 2*
92 a 4
95 a 11*
95 b 3
95 b 21
96 a 10*
read ces
bgros-nas
nan-
b 1
b 3
b 15
a 14
111 b 22
96
96
96
98
establish
*9
r
Ogydg-pa
O gyan-ba
sel-gyi
Ogyod-par
112 a 20*
113 b 7
121 a 20
122 a 4
122 a 8*
122 b 24*
128 a 4
128 b 4
b 6
b 2*
">>. . 7
'
tin~ne-
dzm
na-fsa
bsgrub-
vide emendation
p.
AAll.
_.^
read
128
128
131
a!6*seqq.
132 b 5*
132 b 3*
135 a 4
139 b 6
140 b 1
141 b 17
143 a 20*
146 b 10*,
8*
147 b 23
158 a 17
158
b 14*
161 b 10*
163 b 10*
164 a 3*
165 b 18*
166 b 15
168 b 20*
170 a 13
170 a 22
170 b 2*
171 a 12
176 b 24
177 a 5
184 b 10*
185 a 13*
186 b 4*
195 a 21
195 b 6
195 b 7*
sgron-pa
ned-cag
de- dra-ba
O
ci-ba
no
dkdr-po
O
dzin
cis
mnon-no
Lex.
cii of what?
cun
gallinaceous
*vcu*
*vcom-ldan
-
O
de*
cu-biir
the
water;
also
=
dris-pas (instead
of
cos-skad
irreligious
mce-ba
zd-ba
O
cu-ba to draw etc.
vb. n. to
Jun-pa
/>'ro-bo-
col-pa
Lex.
nyd-ra byed-pa
dpon-gyi
nyal-tcri
*mnye-ce*
ynyid
p.
670
Corrections

"
"
,

appantlon
bnjthtly
dkd'<:J:,?
:
]V
koA-jQ
the defunct PDceswrs
poslp. c. gCll.
lIobstrusely
Gram.;

.,pral-lJa
prep.
• '5,""'5,"''4
"


" don 1. - dOl,.ddm
-r'1>r
like I'D arctic sea
dele (Pinll!! abies)
reud 1x!J.."1O
"
,
,
21'
"
"
7
"
18
".
'0'
"
0'
Iii
'" ,
.. 4' dele the words: marked Of
.. 9Nqq. "diU-po.
b6
o
"pyi
b 1(; .. precious stone
b ill.. ba'l"ing obtained im
mortality
"

" ldig-to-tan
• &''''<r=r

Eo thn-ni

.. 13' Tend
, c..
,. ma bJltd
" 178. 3. - Wa•. (2'.)6): 2.


.. Ld.-Glr.,
" transl:lles it
" '(un aur w:
.. mi-(ty (lir-bo.
.. nd-fog
ap."i-fdg
• tod
" from tbence
• 2'2
."
b "
312 •
lUG b 8
311 b 12·
318 b 14
32'.! b 8"
325 • 10
S2G b ·1
m • 11
326 a. 18'
:l3S • 14·
338 b 2·
:HO • 21
310 b 11
lI@ b 15
aM • \l"
30'
""
"'"
:tOO •
291 •
"" .
"" .
"" .
2:iG b J2
2:59 b 14
b l'
26{, • 10
2ljl • J4
270 b 14
273 b 2-
p. col. I.
200
"" .
219 b
,,,
231 b
..
"" b
"" b
"" b
". .
237 •
"17 b
"" .
'" .



...

.. zd-ba
oc-u-ba t.o tlrow etc.
,·b. n. to ,jun'"PlI

Lu.
Jiy.¢.g
Jiit-I.'lili
"yd-,.(.l bJPd-pa
dpOll"9!Jl
" 'I,IJU/'-I.'ri
Inmyi_i:tO
7'
,
,
2'
12
21
,
10'
,,'
" 21
,..
7
'"
,
..
1111 "nui
..:Do "f'lIinaceous
11 10'".8'" rbs°
11 23 ,,·r:tQJH-ldan-.dr
• 17 ,,&-bilr
11 Ho" " tbe wntel; .\so -
b 10" " dril..pas (instead of
b 10" " lOs·aJ.-a11
.. 3' " irreligiolls
b 18" "mCi-ba
• 15
b "',
• 13
·"
·"',
· ,
·,
·,
·,. .
.. IG"-rc!'"
II 6' .,
11 3" ..
., ,
., .
p. eol. 1.
lr.l 11 2" read ttl bgI-o.'J1a1
92 .." 'u';df1
oc. a 11' " ';(111-
>; •
oc. 11 21
96 .. 10"
,.. ,
,. .,
96 11 16
!18 .. II
"
195 b
''''
1J1 11
'68
170
170
110 b
111 ..
176 b
117 ..
181 b
'86 •
'" .
'''' .
,'" b
112 ..
113 11
121 ..
122 ..
,,, .
,,,
'2S
''''
''''
''''
'"
,,,
""
''''
'"
u••
'"
u,
ue
147
,""
'58
l6'
'03
".
,GO
t
Corrections
871
circle
p.
col. 1.
.".'7 I)
!_'* read
p6h-mKan
374 a i-j*
383 b 10*
.'.*'.
i
a 12*
407 a 17*
410 b 13*
412 b
21*.
19*
415 a 24*
I-JT a 12
431 a 1*
433 a 2*
439 a 19
439 b 14*
442 a 7*
442 b 17
446 a 3*
449 a 12*
460 b 10
to name v.
Odogs-pa 2;
xinan-mcdg
yan
mii
Ogro- (or &z-)
rtsis
yod
nydn-ce
assiduous
fsan-zug
travellers
Jso-ba
p.
col. I.
ir,i; b 11*
474 a 20*
INI
493
196
13
18
5
I'.H; a is
508 b 12
530 b 5
540 a
567 a
\vhet8tone
sootli-
y~iil-nil-
Sik
yzod
wasted
so
yi ycdd-pa, yi cdd-pa
fld/i-mo
of
prop.
576 a 14*
skyo-seii indzdd-pa
578 b 3
^f^FT
so-pdg
587 a
20,
21
nyon-moits-kyi
kun-sldn
591 b 23*
592 a 9
vb. 1. to
beg,
to
pray
=
zu-ba
(the king's)
soul
In several of the
longer
articles some confusion in the use of the
figures
in
large
and small
type
has oc-
curred. In order to restrict this
catalogue
within the smallest
possible
limits,
these and other
slight
inaccuracies
have not been entered.
Corrections
671
,.
col. I.
,.
col. i.
.,7 b 12' rellli oluM-III/hlll
.jG/j
b U' read wheLHtone
:m 12'
S"Wf)
.jj·l

""
"
800lhe


yZIII-lIIecJ.lali-bzaii.
""

16
"
.,
."
b 18 Sik,

b 10'
a:rC-\a;' 9
111
-0(30


}'zod

,
"


12'
"
dhdn-III()
·1911

16

wasted
-If" n'

006 b 16
"
so yi yMd11a, yi clid-I'II
• •
522

28
"
UO b
m'
circle
f>3O b
,

.j12 mi-A'yilll

b 21', 19'
"
'"

2-"
to nnllle \'. odog3.pa 2;
"0

• •
of
.j21

16

IlIlun-llllOy 007

fl' .. Ilroli.
1:11

"
tMim-gyi3
'"

14' "'!p"3t',i md::d.d-pa
133

"


'"
b 3
'l"r '''fOg
'" "

• •
m"
'"
"
'"

.,gro- (or la.) rtliJ yod
""
a 20,21

lIY<Jn.moiH-kyi kun-l{Q1i.
·H2

7' "yd.,i-ct


(,,,
I.
,,!,'l"f"F
17 Ilssiduous
• •
412 b

."

3'

($(In-zu,
501 b 23'

"b. I. to beg, to pray -
."
• 1"
"
trn\'ellers zu-ba
""
b 10

0{3d-ba
'"

9
"
(the king's) soul
In oe..-eul of Ihe lonl:er :ll1ielco wme confu.ion in Ihe uoe of lhe fil:U«:o in large and .malllype ho.
cuned. In <>r<Ier to «:olrict Ibio cata!0l:Ue within Ihe om.lIeO! po..ible limilO, Iheoe and olher slighl in:l(CUI:l(,"
hove nOI been enlered,
, '
"y 111/ rose. fI