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and ideas) Figures of Unusual Word Order Figures of Thought
Definition figures which change the typical meaning of a word or words figures which move the letters or syllables of a word from their typical places figures which omit something--eg. a word, words, phrases, or clauses--from a sentence figures which repeat one or more words figures which repeat a phrase, a clause or an idea figures which alter the ordinary order of words or sentences a miscellaneous group of figures which deal with emotional appeals and techniques of argument
80-81 He was no notorious malefactor.1758-59 a noun is substituted for a noun in such a way that we substitute the cause of the thing of which we are speaking for the thing itself. an author for his work. as doublet and hose ought to show itself courageous to petticoat. which yet is shown to be true ./ And burnt the topless towers of Ilium?---Dr.4. the cause for the effect or vice versa substitution of part for whole.---As You Like It. but he had been twice on the pillory.Tropes Definition Example metaphor Poor broken glass. and once burnt in the hand for trifling oversights. 183 For what the waves could never wash away/ This irony expressing a meaning directly contrary to that suggested by the words metalepsis a double metonymy in which an effect is represented by a remote cause paradox a seemingly self contradictory statement. Faustus. I often did behold/ In thy sweet the substitution of a word for a word whose semblance my old age new meaning is close to the original word born. or vice versa metonymy I must comfort the weaker vessel. genus for species. 12.. 2. the sign for the thing signified..---The Arte of English Poesie. the container for the thing contained or vice versa.6 synecdoche Was this the face that launched a thousand ships.---Direccions for Speech and Style Woe worth the mountain that the mast bear/ Which was the first causer of all my care (Medea cursing Jason). this might be done in several ways: substituting the inventor for his invention.---The Rape of Lucrece.
4.---Antony and Cleopatra. 401 anthimeria litotes the substitution of one part of speech for Lord Angelo dukes it well.2..1.2.100 or a noun for an adverb deliberate understatement or denial of the contrary He is no fool. 2. 184 hyperbole His legs bestrid the ocean.2.. and who should 'scape whipping?---Hamlet. 1. 226 oxymoron a condensed paradox at the level of a phrase O modest wantons! wanton modesty!---The Rape of Lucrece.1.1. 29 Use every man after his desert. Part I. his rear'd arm/ Crested the exaggerated or extravagant statement used world.--Shakespeare Sonnets. 1.---The Arte of English Poesie.2.52 omission of letters from the end of a word I am Sir Oracle.--of a word Henry IV.--another.82 Metaplasmic Figures prosthesis aphaersis epenthesis syncope paragoge apocope Definition addition of letters to the beginning of a word omission of letters from the beginning of a word addition of letters to the middle of a word omission of letters from the middle of a word Example I all alone beweep my outcast state.146 Thou thy worldly task hast done.258 addition of letters to the end I can call spirits from the vasty deep. an adverb for a noun Measure for Measure. Cymberline.93 .--Two Noble Kinsmen.---The Arte of English Poesie. for instance.proper youth has wasted in a day. but not propertied/ As all the tuned intended to be taken literally spheres. 3./ And when I ope my lips let no dog bark!---The Merchant of Venice. and ta'en thy wages. 5. 3.561 Lie blist'ring fore the visitating sun. his voice was to make a strong impression./ Home art gone.
and staining of his honesty.122 Figures of Omission ellipsis zeugma Definition omission of a word Example And he to England shall along with you. cesse!---All's Well That Ends Well. dicers. [etc. He said you were.---The Arte of English Poesie.---Hamlet. ere they meet. in behavior modest ./ A mangled Shadow. in which one verb Collatine. in me. is used to govern several clauses 819 omission of the verb of a sentence A maid in conversation chaste. 130 occupatio Figures of Definition Example .. 131 scesis onamaton anapodoton omission of a clause aposiopesis stopping a sentence in midcourse so that the statement is unfinished When the orator feigneth and maketh as though he would say nothing in some matter. 2.--Antony and Cleopatra. I an ellipsis of a verb. I dare not tell you plaine:/ For words once out.antisthecon metathesis substitution of a letter or sound for another within a word Or. or when he saith something: in saying he will not say it.]---The Garden of Eloquence Haply you shall not see me more. 139 I will make no mention of his drunken banquets nightly.75 transposition of a letter out With liver burning hot.3.---The Garden of Eloquence.---The Garden of Eloquence.---The of its normal order in a word Merry Wives of Windsor. and his watching with bawds.2. 4.. Frevent. whore masters. never returne againe. I will not name his losses. 3. or if. in speech mild.3.1 How Tarquin wronged me. 5.1.---The Rape of Lucrece.26. when. notwithstanding he speaketh most of all. his luxurity. O nature. in countenance cheerful.
---Richard III.194 But now I am cabin'd. I crave reward/ Reward me not unkindly: think on kindness./ And Will to boot. but in Will. line.264 Disturb his hours of rest with restless trances.3. 62 I must fair Fidessa love. and blows have repetition of the beginning answer'd blows:/ Strength match'd with at the end strength.329-30 repetition of the end of a line or clause at the next beginning For I have loved long.1./ To make him moan but pity not his moans.---The Merchant of Venice. 2. reputation. cribb'd./ And every tongue brings in a several tale.561 or sentence repetition of a word at the end of a clause.1.--- anaphora epistrophe symploce repetition of both beginnings and endings epanalepsis Blood hath bought blood. confin'd.---Othello.3./ Kindness becommeth those of high regard/ Regard with clemency a poor man's blindness---Fidessa./ Afflict him in his bed with bedrid groans. 5. or sentence I'll have my bond!/ Speak not against my bond!/ I have sworn an oath that I will have my bond. and Will in two different meanings overplus---Shakespeare Sonnets. anadiplosis gradatio congeries repeating anadiplosis a heaping together and ./ Let there bechance him pitiful mischances. reputation! O! I have lost my reputation./ I am captive unto love. composition!---King John./ I do feel the pains of love. 3.4 Most true that Most true that Most true that Most true that Fidessa. and power confronted power. 974-977 polyptoton antanaclasis Whoever hath her wish.Repetition (words) epizeuxis emphatic repetition of a word with no other words between repetition of the same word or root in different grammatical functions or forms Reputation. 2. 2./ And every talecondemns me for a villain./ fair Fidessa cannot love. line.3. 135 repetition of a word at the Mad world! Mad kings! Mad beginning of a clause. 16 My conscience hath a thousand several tongues.---The Rape of Lucrece.--King John. thou has thy repetition of a word.
keep your friend. 657-658 words (AB.piling up of many words that have a similar meaning bound in/ To saucy doubts and fears.---Charles V If you have a friend. I must.---The Faerie Queene./ And to the ground his eyes were lowly bent. for an old friend is to be preferred before a new friend.24 antimetabole repetition of words.29 pleonasm Figures of Repetition (clauses and ideas) auxesis Definition arrangement of clauses or sentences in ascending order of importance repetition of phrases or clauses of equal length and corresponding grammatical structure needless repetition of the same idea in different words. suspects. Italian to women.--Macbeth. Book 1. and very sagely sad. and German to my horse.--Othello. yet strongly loves.---Astrophil and Stella. I do/ Leave following that which it is gain to miss. 3./ Simple in shew. I can. which do not necessarily involve a repetition of words Example I may. hearsed. pleonasm on the level of a sentence or sentences reversal of grammatical structures or ideas in sucessive phrases or clauses.3.4. yet doubts.169 isocolon tautology chiasmus . a tautology on the level of a phrase Sober he seemde. and voyde of malice bad. this I say to you as your friend.. 49 But O. BA) the needless repetition of words.---The Garden of Eloquence. 3./ and not the puddle in thy sea a chiasmus on the level of dispersed. French to men. 47 I speak Spanish to God. 1. in Thy sea within a puddle's womb is successive clauses.---The Rape of Lucrece.. in reverse grammatical order. what damned minutes tells he o'er/ Who dotes. I will.
../ Before.3 reversal of temporal order a reversal of words which seems to change the sense a word../ Nor scar departure from ordinary word that whiter skin of hers than snow. 129 periphrasis the replacement of a single word by several which together have While memory holds a seat/ In this the same meaning.96 substitution of more words for less Figures of Unusual Word Order anastrophe Definition arrangment by reversal of ordinary word order. usually confined to the transposition of two words only Example Figures pedantical---Love's Labour's Lost. and see if it be the window. 142 Open the day. 5.---The Arte of English Poesie.4. a very woe..---The Arte of English Poesie.407 hyperbaton hysteron proteron hypallage Yet I'll not shed her blood. 141 parenthesis Figures of Definition Example . 1. that works me all this ill. a joy propos'd. a distracted globe.---Hamlet. 5.---Shakespeare Sonnets.antithesis repetition of clauses or idea by negation A bliss in proof. phrase. that lucklesse love. and prov'd. or sentence inserted as an aside in a sentence complete by itself My dame that bred me up and bare me in her wombe.--order Othello.2. behind a dream.2.---The Garden of Eloquence But now my Deere (for so love makes me to call you still)/ That love I say.
153 thing.../ She married--O most from the topic at hand to addressing some person or wicked speed: to post/ With such dexterity to incestuous sheets. if the fact be known.---Hamlet. I cannot well declare.---Elementorum rhetorices libri..---The Garden of Eloquence.. gave them to an harlot true or feigned doubt or more lasciviously.. 44f aporia Whether he took them from his fellows more impudently. speech or a face!---Astrophil and Stella./ How silently.. 239 correctio prosopopoeia representing an imaginary or absent person as With how sad steps. thou climb'st speaking or acting. 1. removed them from the deliberation about an issue Roman people more wickedly or altered them more presumptuously. and with how wan attributing life.2.Thought adynaton the impossibility of expressing oneself adequately to the topic Words cannot convey how much your letters have delighted me. 31 inanimate qualities to dumb or inanimate objects a diversion of discourse Within a month.--The Rape of Lucrece. either present or absent apostrophe . 109 a correction or revision of previous words Shameful it is--ay. O Moon. the skies.
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