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Great Leaders of India

Great Leaders of India

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Great Leaders of India

MAHATMA GANDHI .

Birth: 2 October 1869 January 1948 Death: 30 .

He is officially honoured in India as the Father of the Nation. He pioneered Satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience. his birthday.Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. or total nonviolence. Gandhi is often referred to as Mahatma Gandhi. a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa. and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. a national holiday. and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence. an honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore and in India also as Bapu. is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti. 2 October. which helped India to gain independence. .

1964. Death: 27th .JAWAHARLAL NEHRU Birth: 14th November. 1889 May.

Nehru was one of the architects who had the opportunity to steer the newly freed-nation. subsequently. kept itself aloof from being in the process of "global bifurcation". He was a member the Congress Party that led the freedom movement against British Empire.Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India. . He advocated the policy of Non-Alignment during the cold war and India. It was under Nehru's supervision that India launched its first Five-Year Plan in 1951. Nehru's predominant roles in substantiating India's role in the foundation of institutions like NAM had surprised the then stalwarts of international politics. He was also the chief framer of domestic and international policies between 1947 and 1964.

1949 Death: 2nd .SAROJINI NAIDU Birth: 13th February. 1879 March.

a collection of poems. fetched a scholarship to study abroad. written by Naidu at an early age. The play "Maher Muneer". she had composed. a South India.Sarojini Naidu was truly one of the gems of the 20th century India. Her contribution was not confined to the fields of politics only but she was also a renowned poet. she had visited. She briefed the struggles of freedom for independence to the political stalwarts of European nations. She married Dr. In 1905. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu. Her acts helped in raising many eyebrows. was published under the title of "Golden Threshold". The marriage took place at a time when intercaste marriage was not acceptable in the society. . She was known by the sobriquet "The Nightingale of India".

NETAJI SUBASH CHANDRA BOSE .

During pre-independence period Netaji had visited London to discuss the future of India. He was the founder of the Indian National Army.Birth: 23rd January. with the members of the Labor of the party. Taiwan. 1897 Known Death: Not Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was a freedom fighter of India. led to various possibilities . of his disappearance from surfacing concerning survival. His sudden theories.

R.DR.B.AMBEDKAR .

D. Dr. He took part in the Satyagraha of untouchables at Nasik in 1930 for opening the Hindu temples to them. Ambedkar was the Law Minister of India from 1947 to 1951.A. Ambedkar set up his legal practice at the Mumbai High Court. This liberator of the down trodden was affectionately called . He was born in a very poor low caste family of Madhya Pradesh. In U. in 1915 and Ph. Dr. Ambedkar was the main architect of the Indian Constitution.A. Ambedkar was the main inspiration behind the inclusion of special provision in the Constitution of India for the development of Schedule Caste people.S. in 1916. Ambedkar was emancipator of the 'untouchables' and crusader for social justice. 1893 December.Birth: 14th April. he did his M. Dr.. 1956 Death: 6th Dr. From 1918 to 1920. he worked as a Professor of Law.

He was posthumously awarded 'Bharat Ratna' in the year 1990."Babasaheb". .

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