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Published by Tolen Tino

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Published by: Tolen Tino on Sep 07, 2010
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Scholastica s College of Tacloban City Manlurip, San Jose College of Nursing

In partial fulfilment of the requirements in Related Learning Experience:

Written Output on Diagnostic Tests
Submitted to: Mr. Bernard Lego, RN, MAN Clinical Instructor

Submitted to: Aborque, Jovencio Bacarro, Nenieta Borromeo, Christian Joy Chavez, Glenn Gibb dela Peña, Mike Daven Garado, Marywin Gloria, Dahren Lirom, Ma. Haide Malate, Rodora Ann Ocoy, Louella Anne Sibayan, Sarah Tolentino, Mae Alyssa A. Group 2 July 24, 2010

y complete stool analysis includes o examination of the physical characteristics of the stool  color.Tolentino. Stool collection: Adult Collect the specimen by passing feces into plastic wrap stretched loosely over the toilet bowl. Stool Examination Description: y y y also known as stool analysis or fecalysis a test done on a sample of stool (feces) stool analysis test results usually take at least 1 to 3 days. make sure it is without contamination of urine or toilet tissue. Do not take stool samples from the toilet bowl water. Young children and infants The diaper should be lined with plastic wrap. and the presence of mucus. poor absorption. A portion of the sample is then transferred into the supplied container. Nurses s Role: y Nursing personnel should instruct patient on the right collection of stool specimen. fat. in which it supplies a special toilet tissue that one can use to collect the sample. Mae Alyssa A. volume. white blood cells (leukocytes). Purpose: To help diagnose certain conditions affecting the digestive tract. *Remember specimen must be sent for laboratory analysis immediately for not more than one hour. and sugars (called reducing substances). o pH of the stool. and the nurse can transfer a portion of the feces into the appropriate container. hidden (occult) blood. . virus or parasite) that may be causing an infection. A urine bag can be attached to the child to ensure that the stool specimen is not contaminated with urine. A stool test kit can also be used. consistency. including infection. Bedridden patient The specimen should be collected in a bedpan lined with plastic wrap. shape. or cancer. meat fibers or undigested food. o Identification of organisms (such as bacteria.

Normal pH of stool is about 6. y Rotaviruses are a common cause of diarrhea in young children. pus. or parasites are present in the stool. y y The presence of blood in the stool indicates bleeding in the digestive tract. If diarrhea is present. bacteria. soft. such as. bacteria. Low levels of certain enzymes (such as trypsin or elastase) may be present. Blood. An abnormal pH may indicate poor absorption of carbohydrates or fat. testing may be done to determine the presence of rotaviruses in the stool. or parasites are present in the stool. mucus. No blood. Low levels of certain enzymes (such as trypsin or elastase) may indicate digestive complications of cystic fibrosis or pancreatic insufficiency. reflecting its passage through the colon. Reducing factors levels between 2 and 5 mg/g are considered borderline. Less than 2 milligrams per gram (mg/g) of certain sugars called reducing factors are present in the stool. amebiasis High levels of fat in the stool may indicate chronic pancreatitis. The shape of the stool is tubular. pus. . viruses. Levels greater than 5 mg/g are abnormal. and wellformed in consistency. The presence of white blood cells in the stool may indicate bacterial diarrhea. viruses. Abnormal: Increased volume of stool may indicate poor absorption of fats. Crohn's disease. A specific organism may be identified. mucus. Abnormal values may mean y y Parasites or eggs present in the stool indicate a parasitic infestation.y Nursing personnel should consider the patient's diet and medications when assessing and documenting the character of a patient's stool. or cystic fibrosis. Stool analysis Normal: The stool appears brown (varies from light brown-dark brown). y High levels of reducing factors in the stool may indicate a problem digesting certain sugars (especially sucrase and lactase). y y y The presence of undigested meat fibers in the stool may indicate pancreatitis.

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