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Volume 3: Wargaming Orders of Battle

-1– ORDERS OF BATTLE
Introduction

WORLD WAR TWO
1 Czechoslovakian Army 1938 2 American Army, Satellites and US Marines Corps 1941 to 1945 3 British Army and Commonwealth Overseas Forces 4 Royal Belgian Army, Belgium 1940 5 Royal Dutch Army, Holland 1940 6 Royal Yugoslavian Army, Yugoslavia 1941 7 Finnish Army, Finland 1939 to1944 8 French Republican Army, France 1939 to 1942 9 German Wehrmarcht, Luftwaffe, Kiegsmarine and Waffen SS Ground Formations 10 Hungarian Army 11 Royal, Socialist Republic and Fascist Italian Army 12 Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Guard and Imperial Marines 13 Polish Army 1939 14 Soviet Red Army 1938 to 1945 15 Royal Bulgarian Army 16 Royal Rumanian Army 17 Royal Greek Army 1941 18 Nationalist China

MODERN PERIOD
19 American Armed Forces 20 Argentine Forces for the Falklands War 1982 21 British Army 22 The Chinese People’s Liberation Army 23 The Egyptian Army 1956 to 1997 24 The French Army 25 The West German and Post Unification German Army - Bundeswehr 26 The Iraqi Revolutionary Army 1965 to 2003 27 The Israeli Army 1956 to 1997 28 Royal Jordanian Army 29 North Korean People’s Army 1960 to 1997 30 South Korean Army 31 Russian, Soviet Red and Warsaw Pact Satellite Armies 32 Syrian 1965 to 1997 33 Canadian Armed Forces – Land Force 34 Panama 35 Norway 36 Yugoslav Republic/Serbia Post 1992 37 Croatia 38 Bosnia-Herzegovina

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39 Bosnian-Serb Republic 40 India 1950+ 41 Pakistan 1950+ 42 Belgium 1980+ 43 The Netherlands 44 Denmark 1980+ 45 Switzerland 46 Sweden 47 Italy 48 Greece 49 Turkey 50 Finland 51 Spanish Army 52 Taiwan 1997+ 53 Viet Minh, Viet Cong and the Army of the People’s Republic of North Vietnam 54 Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces 55 Australian Army 56 New Zealand Armed Forces 57 South African Army 58 Cuba 59 Army of the Republic of South Vietnam 60 Kuwaiti Army 61 Africa OpFor 62 Saudi Arabia 63 Multi National Formations (EuroCorps, Luxembourg) 64 Republic of Eire Army 65 Austria Post WW2 66 Odds and Sods

-3– ADVANCED PANZER BLITZ ORDERS OF BATTLE
Introduction This is a comprehensive book on the the TO&Es (Tables of Organization and Equipment) or ORBATs (Orders of Battle) of many nations in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Although these ORBATs have been written for “Panzer Blitz” they are applicable to most platoon scale board games. The armies are organized alphabetically. Supply vehicle counters have been included at one per battalion. I have not included rear echelon units that have no fighting value. I have included military police and security formations where I had the information. Please feel free to drop me line as I am constantly updating and revising as I get better information. This book is divided into two sections; the World War Two Period (including the Spanish Civil War) and the Modern Period (everything after January 1946). I plan a third section on World War One once I get around to it.

WORLD WAR TWO
This covers most of the major armies used in World War II. Some of the data has had to be conjure due to lack of information. All most German battalions are shown at their composite level with all the assets they would receive from their brigade or regimental headquarters. All Allied units are not shown as composite units because allied tactics employed regimental assets differently. Miniature players see the note at the last page.

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1 Czechoslovakian Army 1938 This army is provided for those who want to do those what if situations. This army never had a chance to fight due to a weakly led frightened government and Allied betrayal. All its equipment ended up supplying the means by which Germany was able to carry out the 1939 to 1940 Blitzkrieg. 1 A Czechoslovakian Division Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 1 B Czechoslovakian Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands two Infantry Regiments) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Anti Tank Company 4 47ATG, 4 Truck Anti Aircraft Company 4 47AAG, 4 Truck 1 C Czechoslovakian Infantry Regiment Headquarters (Commands two Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Staff Car, 2 Wagon 1 D Czechoslovakian Motorized Infantry Regiment Headquarters (Commands two Motorized Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 1 E Czechoslovakian Cavalry Regiment Headquarters (Commands two Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Horse, 2 Wagon 1 F Czechoslovakian Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Horse, 2 Wagon 3 Rifle Companies each 4 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company 4 MG 1 G Czechoslovakian Motorized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Rifle Companies each 4 Rifle, 4 Truck 1 Machinegun Company 4 MG, 4 Truck 1 H Czechoslovakian Cavalry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Horse, 2 Wagon 3 Companies each 4 Rifle, 4 Horse 1 Machinegun Company 4 MG, 4 Wagon 1 I Czechoslovakian Armoured Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Companies each 4 Tanks Note Tanks are either the LTM35 or LTM38 (Pz35t or Pz38t) 1 J Czechoslovakian Independent Armoured Company 4 LTM34

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1 K Czechoslovakian Armoured Reconnaissance Platoon 1 TKV33 1 L Czechoslovakian Artillery Brigade Headquarters (Commands 2 artillery regiments (one (Light) with three battalions of 76.5 or 100mm guns and one (Heavy) with two battalions of 149mm howitzers) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 1 M Czechoslovakian Artillery Regiment Headquarters (Commands 2 or 3 battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 1 N Czechoslovakian Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Staff Car or Horse, 1 Truck or Wagon 2 or 3 Batteries each 1 Tube, 1 Wagon or Truck, 1 CP, 1 Horse or Staff Car Note Trucks for motorized units and wagon for non-motorized units. Tubes can be: 76.5H 100H 149H Battalions with 149mm howitzers have only two batteries, all others have three batteries. 1 O Czechoslovakian Anti Tank Company 4 47ATG, 4 Truck 1 P Czechoslovakian Anti Aircraft Company 4 47AAG, 4 Truck Large Units: Infantry Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 2 Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti Tank Company, 1 Anti Aircraft Company, 1 Armoured Reconnaissance Platoon Fast Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 2 Armoured Battalions, 2 Cavalry Regiments, 2 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Battalion (76.5mm), 1 Artillery Battalion (100mm), 1 Anti Tank Company, 1 Anti Aircraft Company, 1 Armoured Reconnaissance Company, 1 Independent Armoured Company

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2 American Army, Satellites and US Marines Corps The United States ground forces are a Cinderila tale. From nothing in 1939 they rose to become the second most powerful ground force in 1945. All their experience was hard won on the field of battle. 2 A Philippine Infantry Regimental Headquarters 1941 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 12.7AAG, 1 ARV Regimental AT Company 3 37ATG, 3 Truck Regimental Mortar Company 2 81M 2 B American Infantry Regimental Headquarters 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG Regimental Anti Tank Coy 3 57ATG, 3 Truck Regimental Cannon Company 2 M3/75, 1 M3/105 2 C American Infantry Regimental Headquarters 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 M16, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Regimental Anti Tank Coy 3 57ATG, 3 Truck Regimental Cannon Company 1 M3/105, 2 M3/75 Note All regiments of the 90th Infantry Division will have a mortar company of 6 120mm mortars (Captured German Type) with 6 Trucks, 1 CP, 1 OP, and 2 Jeeps starting in July 1944 instead of the cannon company. 2 D American Marine Regimental Headquarters “D” Series 1941 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Regimental Cannon Company 2 75H, 2 Jeep or 2 M3/75 2 E American Marine Regimental Headquarters “E” Series 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Regimental Anti Tank Coy 3 37ATG, 3 Jeep Regimental Cannon Company 2 75H, 2 Jeep 2 F American Marine Regimental Headquarters “F” Series 1944 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Regimental Anti Tank Coy 3 37ATG, 3 Jeep Regimental Cannon Company 2 M3/75 2 G American Marine Regimental Headquarters “G” Series 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Regimental Anti Tank Coy 2 37ATG, 2 Jeep Regimental Cannon Platoon 1 M7 2 H American Philippine Scouts Infantry Battalion 1942 to 1943 (3 per regimental Headquarters) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company

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3 MG Platoons each 1 MG

2 I American Infantry Battalion 1942 to 1943 (3 per regimental Headquarters) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 12.7AAG, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 60M 1 Heavy Weapons Company 3 MG Platoons each 1 MG, 1 Truck 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Truck 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Truck 2 J American Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945 (3 per regimental Headquarters) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Baz, 1 60M 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 12.7 AAG, 1 Truck 3 MG Platoons each 1 MG, 1 Truck 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Truck 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 57ATG, 1 Truck 2 K American Armoured Infantry Battalion 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 3 Armoured Infantry Coy each 3 Rifle, 1 Baz, 1 57ATG, 1 60M, 5 M3 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Recce Platoon 2 Jeep/MG 1 Mortar Platoon 1 M3/81 1 Assault Gun Platoon 1 M3/75 2 L American Armoured Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Armoured Infantry Coy each 3 ARM, 1 Baz, 1 M3/57, 1 60M, 5 M3 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Mortar platoon 1 M3/81 1 Assault Gun Platoon 1 M7 (M8 Scott in 1943) 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 M16 1 Recce Platoon 1 M8, 2 Jeep/MG 2 M American Glider/Parachute Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945 (3 per regimental Headquarters) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Jeep 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Baz, 1 60M, 1 MG 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 12.7 AAG, 1 Jeep 1 Demolition Platoon 2 Com Engr 2 MG Platoons each 1 MG, 1 Jeep 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Jeep 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 57ATG, 1 Jeep Note Jeeps are available to glider borne units only. Anti tank elements of parachute battalions are follow on and would arrive via glider or at a captured airfield.

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2 N American Ranger Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep 6 Infantry Companies each 2 Rifle, 1 Baz, 1 MG, 1 60M 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Engineer Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M 1 Anti Tank Platoon 3 Baz 2 O American Marine Raider Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 MG 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Engineer Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG 2 P American Marine Infantry Battalion “D” Series 1942 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 MG, 1 60M 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Truck 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M 3 MG Platoon each 1 MG 2 Q American Marine Infantry Battalion “E” Series 1943 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 MG, 1 60M 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M 3 MG Platoon each 1 MG 2 R American Marine Infantry Battalion “F” Series 1944 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 MG, 1 60M 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M 2 S American Marine Infantry Battalion “G” Series 1945 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Baz, 1 60M, 1 MG 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Assault Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 2 FT, 1 60M, 1 Baz 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M 2 T American Tank Regimental Headquarters Section 1942 to 1945 (Commands two medium and one light tank battalion until 1943 then it commands 3 medium battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3, 1 Truck

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2 U American Armoured Combat Command Headquarters Europe 1944 to 1945 (may command up to 3 Battalions plus supports) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3, M16, 1 ARV 2 V American Medium or Light Tank Battalion 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 M4, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 3 Tank Companies each 3 M4 (light has M3 Stuart) 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Recce Platoon 1 Jeep/MG 1 Howitzer Platoon 1 M3/75 1 Mortar Section 1 M3/81 Note For the first part of the North African campaign the US was armed with M3 Lee as its medium tank. During mid campaign these began to be replaced by M4 Sherman. 2 W American Tank Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 M4/75, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Light Tank Company 3 M5 or M24 2 Medium Tank Coy each 3 M4/75 1 Medium Tank Company 3 M4/76 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Assault Gun Platoon 1 M4/105 1 Mortar Section 1 M3/81 1 Recce Platoon 1 M8, 2 Jeep/MG 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 M16 Note In 1943 all medium companies have the M4/75, the M4/76 began to appear in May 1944 at the rate of 1 platoon per month until 3 platoons are fielded. In March 1945 the medium companies all have M4/76 and some M26 are available in March 1945 (no more than one platoon per battalion) 2 X American Marine Tank Battalion “D” Series 1941 to 1942 Headquarters 1 M3A1, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 4 Tank Companies each 3 M3A1 1 Scout Company 3 M3SC 2 Y American Marine Tank Battalion “E” Series 1943 to 1944 Headquarters 1 M3A1, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 2 Tank Companies each 3 M3A1 1 Tank Company 3 M4/75 1 Scout Company 3 Jeep/MG 2 Z American Marine Tank Battalion “F” Series 1944 Headquarters 1 M4/75, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 3 Tank Companies each 3 M4/75 1 Flamethrower Company 3 M5/FT 2 AA American Marine Tank Battalion “G” Series 1945

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Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each 1 Flamethrower Platoon 1 M4/75, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 4 M4/75 2 M4/FT

2 AB American Army Amphibious Tank Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 LVT4(A), 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 4 Amtrac Tank Coy each 5 LVT4(A) Note One such battalion served in Operation Torch and in Po Valley in Italy. 2 AC American Marine Amphibious Transport Battalion Headquarters 1 LVT4, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 2 Amtrac Companies each 11 LVT4 2 AD American Towed Tank Destroyer Battalion 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3 HT, 1 Truck 3 Tank Destroyer Companies 3 76ATG or 57ATG, 3 M3HT 1 Recce Company 2 Jeep Platoons each 2 Jeep/MG 1 Armd Inf Platoon 1 M3, 1 ARM 2 AE American Tank Destroyer Battalion 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3 HT, 1 Truck 3 Tank Destroyer Coy each 3 M3/57 1 Recce Company 2 Jeep Platoons each 2 Jeep/MG 1 Armd Inf Platoon 1 M3, 1 ARM 2 AF American Self-Propelled Tank Destroyer Battalion 1944 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3HT, 1 M10, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 1 M8AC, 3 M10, or 3 M18, or 3 M36 (from October 1944) 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Mortar Section 1 M3/81 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 M16 Note A battalion has 3 companies made up of 2 companies of M10s and one company of M18, which acted as a support company to the other 2 companies. The M36 was introduced to replace both M10 and M18 so M36 battalions have M36 units only. 2 AG American Towed Tank Destroyer Battalion 1944 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3HT, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 76ATG, 3 M3HT, 1 M8AC 1 Heavy Weapons Company 1 Recon Platoon 2 Jeep/MG 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 M16

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2 AH American Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron of a Cavalry Group 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3HT, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Cavalry Troops each 1 Armd Inf Platoon 1 M3, 1 ARM 2 Jeep Platoons each 2 Jeep/MG 1 Support Troop 1 M16, 2 M3/75, 1 M3/81 1 Light Tank Company 3 M5 Stuart 2 AI American Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron of an Cavalry Group 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 M3HT, 1 Truck, 1 M8 AC, 1 ARM, 1 ARV 3 Cavalry Troops each 3 Cavalry Platoons ea 1 M8 AC, 2 Jeep/MG 1 Support Troop 1 M16, 2 M8 HMC, 1 M21 1 Light Tank Company 3 M5 Stuart 2 AJ American Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron of an Armoured Division 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3HT, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Cavalry Troops each 1 Armd Inf Platoon 1 M3, 1 ARM 2 Jeep Platoons each 2 Jeep/MG 1 Support Troop 1 M16, 2 M3/75, 1 M3/81 1 Light Tank Company 3 M5 Stuart 2 AK American Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron of an Armoured Division 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 M3HT, 1 Truck, 1M8 AC, 1 ARM, 1 ARV 4 Cavalry Troops each 3 Cav Platoons each 1 M8 AC, 2 Jeep/MG 1 Support Troop 1 M16, 2 M8 HMC, 1 M21 1 Light Tank Company 3 M5 Stuart 2 AL American Cavalry Reconnaissance Group 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3HT, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadrons each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3HT, 1 Truck 3 Cavalry Troops each 1 Armd Inf Pl 1 M3, 1 ARM 2 Jeep Pl each 2 Jeep/MG 1 Support Troop 1 M16, 2 M3/75, 1 M3/81 1 Light Tank Company 3 M5 Stuart 2 AM American Cavalry Reconnaissance Group 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3HT, 1 Truck, 1 M8 AC 2 Cavalry Squadrons each Headquarters 1 CP, 2 M3HT, 1 Truck, 1 M8 AC, 1 ARM 3 Cavalry Troops each 3 Cava Pl each 1 M8 AC, 2 Jeep/MG 1 Support Troop 1 M16, 2 M8 HMC, 1 M21 1 Light Tank Coy 3 M5 Stuart

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2 AN American Horse Cavalry Regiment 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Horse, 1 Wagon Regimental Weapons Coy 2 MG, 2 Trucks 2 Cavalry Squadrons each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Cav Troops each 3 Rifle, 3 Horses 2 AO American Armoured Engineer Battalion 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 HT, 3 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG, 1 ARV 3 Combat Engineer Coy each 3 Combat Engr, 2 FT, 4 HT 1 Armoured Engineer Coy 2 Flail, 2 Sherman FT 1 Bridging Company 3 Const Engr, 3 Bridge, 6 Trucks 2 AP American Engineer Battalion 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 4 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG, 1 ARV 3 Combat Engineer Coy each 3 Combat Engr, 2 FT, 4 Truck 1 Bridging Company 3 Const Engr, 3 Bridge, 6 Trucks 2 AQ American Artillery Battalion (this applies throughout the war to US ARMY and US MARINES) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 3 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG or 1 M16 (after 1942 in armoured artillery only) 3 Batteries Towed each 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 1 How (75, 105, 155, 203mm) 2 Truck (Jeep in AB Div Bn) Or Armoured each 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M3, 1 M7 or M12, 1 Truck Note There are no Marine Armoured Artillery Battalions. 2 AR Marine Heavy Support Rocket Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 3 Truck, 1 MRT, 1 12.7AAG 3 Companies each 3 Truck/Calliope, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep 2 AS American Coastal Artillery Regiment, Anti-Aircraft 1941 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 76AAG, 2 Truck 2 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 12.7AAG, 2 Truck 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 37AAG, 2 Truck 2 AT American Heavy Anti Aircraft Battalion, Mobile 1943-45 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 1 90AAG, 2 Truck, 1 M16 Note This battalion is most often attached to an Army and later a Corps in 1944 during mobile offensive operations. 2 AU American Heavy Anti Aircraft Battalion 1943-45 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 1 90AAG, 1 12.7AAG, 3 Truck Note This battalion is most often attached to an Army and later a Corps in 1944.

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2 AV American Medium Anti Aircraft Battalion 1941 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 76AAG, 6 Trucks Note This battalion is most often attached to a Corps until 1944. 2 AW American Anti Aircraft Battalion (Self-Propelled) 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 M16 Note This battalion is most often attached to an Armoured Division. 2 AX American Light Anti Aircraft Battalion 1941 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 37AAG, 2 Truck Note This battalion is most often attached to an Infantry Division. The 37mm AA Gun was withdrawn from divisional service in 1944 but was still found as the lowlevel air defense weapon of forward army logistics installations. 2 AY American Light Anti Aircraft Battalion 1944 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 40AAG, 2 Truck Note This battalion is most often attached to an Infantry Division after January 1944. The US Army adopted the Bofors 40mm AA Gun in 1943 as a more efficient weapon than the US made 37mm. The 37mm continued to serve in the rear areas (Comm Z) along side the 40mm until declared obselete in 1945 but the 40mm equipped all battalions in the combat zone. 2 AZ American 526th Independent Armoured Infantry Battalion 1944-45 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M3HT, 1 M8AC, 2 Jeep/MG, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Armoured Infantry Coy each 3 Rifle, 3 Baz, 1 57ATG, 4 M3HT 1 Combat Support Coy each 1 M8 HMC, 1 M3/81, 1 M16 1 Towed Tank Destroyer Coy 3 76ATG, 3 M3HT Note Attached to VIII Corps. This unit was regularly given dirty jobs so it had very high “them against us” morale, which made it an excellent fighting unit with very experienced troops. TD Company came from 825th TD Battalion (Towed) but should be considered an integral unit. Brigaded along with 99th Independent Infantry Battalion, this unit defeated 150 Panzer Brigade at Malmedy December 21 1944. 2 BA American 5307 Composite Group (Merrill Marauders) Burma 1944 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Scout, 1 Pack Horse

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1 Pack Horse Company 6 Pack Horse 1 Pack Howitzer Battery 1 CP, 1OP, 1 75H, 2 Pack Horse 3 Infantry Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Pack Horse 2 Combat Teams each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Scout, 1 Com Engr, 1 81M, 2 Pack Horse 2 Inf Coy each 3 Rifle, 1 60M Note Combat Teams were named as follows: 1st Battalion – Red and White 2nd Battalion – Blue and Green 3rd Battalion – Orange and Khaki. 2 BB American 175th Field Artillery Battalion (Minnesota National Guard) Operation Torch 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Artillery Batteries each 1 25lb How, 2 Truck, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep Note Part of the 34th Infantry Division took part in Race for Tunis with British 1st Army then reverted back to a 105mm battalion. 2 BC American 244th Field Artillery Battalion August 1944 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Artillery Batteries each 1 88AAG, 1 150 How, 4 Truck, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep Note Converted from 155mm howitzers to a “Captured Weapons” battalion to ease the shortage of US 155mm ammunition following the “long run” across France in 1944. Served as a GHQ Battalion in US Third Army during Metz battles. Converted back the 155 howitzers after Metz battles. 88mm can be used as (H) class weapon at one-quarter attack strength. German 105H was also available as part of a weapons pool. This unit should be considered to have unlimited ammunition during it’s short life. 2 BD American Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 LCVP Boat Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 LCVP 3 Boat Coy each 8 LCVP, 8 LCM Shore Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 LCVP 2 Far Shore Comy ea 3 Const Engr 1 Near Shore Coy 3 Const Engr Note Formed into brigades of 3 regiments. There were 6 brigades in all; 1st served in Italy, Normandy and Okinawa. The 2nd served Southwest Pacific and Philippines. The 3rd and 4th in the Southwest Pacific. The 5th and 6th in Normandy and Northwest Europe but were disbanded after Omaha beach.

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2 BE American Chemical Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 3 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 12.7AAG 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 3 107M, 6 Truck

2 BF American Marine Defense Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 12.7AAG 3 Coastal Batteries each 1 5”H 3 AA Batteries each 2 76AAG 2 MG Batteries each 4 12.7AA 1 Infantry Company each 3 USMC Note The Wake Island garrison which is propably the most famous UCMS Defense Battalion had 2 infantry Companies and managed to form the equivalent of 2 more from aircraft crews and naval base personnel. 2 BG American Artillery Observation Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 12.7AAG 2 Obse rver Batteries each 4 OP, 2 Loc Arty, 4 Jeep, 2 Truck 2 BH American Airborne Tank Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M22 Locust, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck 3 Tank Companies each 3 M22 Locust Gun Platoon 1 75H, 1 Jeep Recon Platoon 2 Jeep/MG Note This unit (28th Tank Battalion) was a GHQ unit of 18 Airborne Corps and never saw combat. In late 1944 it was re-organized as a standard tank battalion and sent to the Pacific Theatre where it again failed to see combat. Large Units: Infantry (Typical) Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 3 105mm Artillery Battalions, 1 155mm Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (Towed), 1 Anti Tank Battalion (Towed), 1 Self-Propelled Anti Tank Battalion, 1 Cavalry Troop, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Tank Battalion Marine Division – 3 Marine Regiments, Marine Artillery Regiment (3 75mm Artillery Battalions, 1 105mm Artillery Battalion), 1 Marine Heavy Support Battalion, 1 Amphibious Tank Battalion, 2 Amphibious Transport Battalions, 1 Marine Engineer Battalion, 1 Marine Tank Battalion Airborne Infantry Division – 2 Parachute Regiments, 1 Glider Regiment, 3 75mm Artillery Battalions, 1 Towed Anti-Tank Battalion (57ATG towed by jeeps), 1 Engineer Battalion (if this division goes into battle as infantry all the same assets as an infantry division are present, replace 75mm artillery with 105mm artillery) Armoured (Heavy) Division – 2 Armoured Regiments, 1 Armoured Infantry Regiment, 3 105mm Artillery Battalions (Armoured), 1 155mm Artillery Battalion (Armoured), 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (Self-Propelled), 1 Armoured Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron, 1 Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Battalion

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Armoured (Light) Division – 3 Combat Command Headquarters, 3 Tank Battalions, 3 Armoured Infantry Battalions, 3 105mm Artillery Battalions (Armoured), 1 155mm Artillery Battalion (Armoured), 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (Self-Propelled), 1 Armoured Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron, 1 Self Propelled Anti Tank Battalion 442 Regimental Combat Team – 3 Infantry Battalions (100th, 2/442, 3/442), Regimental Headquarters 442 (independent unit closely linked to the “36th (Texas) Division” made up of Japanese Americans) 1 Special Service Force (a joint Canadian-US Unit served in Italy 1943-44) – 3 Regiments (use Marine Regiment Headquarters) (each with 2 Battalions (use US Ranger Battalion), 1 Headquarters Battalion (1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 2 57ATG, 1 12.7AAG) 6615th Ranger Force – 1 Headquarters, 3 Ranger Infantry Battalion, 1 Chemical Battalion, 1 Regimental Cannon Company, 1 Engineer Company

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3 British Army and Commonwealth The British Commonwealth was at war the longest with Germany from 3 September 1939. Despite huge losses Britain hung in giving as good as they got. By 1945, UK manpower pool was small and the quality of British Infantry began to suffer. Low morale is normal in the 1945 period. Canadians, Australians, South Africans and New Zealanders demonstrated high morale throughout the war when committed properly and gained a reputation as shock troops. Indians preformed steadfastly against both the Germans and the Japanese. All commandos and marines and airborne troops should be considered elite. 3 A British Infantry Brigade Headquarters 1939 to 1945 (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions plus attachments) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 B British Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Truck 4 Rifle Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Support Company 1 Carrier Platoon 1 Bren 1 Mortar Platoon 1 76M 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 2 Pdr, 1 Truck 1 Pioneer Platoon 1 Combat Engr 1 MMG Platoon 1 MG 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 20AAG, 1 Truck 3 C British Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Rifle Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 PIAT 1 Support Company 1 Carrier Platoon 1 Bren 1 Mortar Platoon 1 76M, 1 Bren 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 6 Pdr, 1 Bren 1 Pioneer Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT, 2 Bren 1 MMG Platoon 1 MG, 1 Bren 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 20AAG, 1 Truck 3 D British Motor Battalion 1943 to 1945 (Europe) Headquarters 1 CP, M3SC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 PIAT, 3 M3SC (or armoured truck or M3 HT) 1 Support Company 1 Mortar Platoon 1 76M, 1 Bren 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 6 Pdr, 1 Bren 2 MMG Platoons each 1 MG, 1 Bren 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 20AAG, 1 Bren Note Infantry transport is organized as follows: Guards Armoured Division – M3 HT 7th Armoured Division – M3SC 11th Armoured Division – M3SC 1st Polish Armoured Division – M3SC

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4th and 5th Canadian Armoured Division – CMP 3 Ton Armoured Truck 3 E British Machinegun Battalion 1939 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 Machinegun Coy each 2 MG, 2 107M, 4 Truck 1 Flamethrower Coy (1944) 4 Wasp 3 F British Commando Battalion Headquarters 1 Weapons Troop 5 Commando Troops each Note

1 CP, 1 OP 1 MG, 1 76M 2 Cdo There were 13 (1 to 12 and 14) Army Commando Battalions (number 10 was an inter-allied unit). Number 14 was a specialized unit of Canadian natives and Inuit for raiding in Northern Norway. Additionally, the Royal Marines had 8 Commando units (41 to 48 RM Cdo). There was also a single Free French unit. There were also a large number of independent commando companies (1 or 2 Troops) raised in New Zealand, Australia, India and Fiji for service against the Japanese.

3 G British Special Air Service Squadron Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP 1 Weapons Troop 1 MG, 1 76M 5 Commando Troops each 2 Cdo Note First SAS unit was raised from 62 Commando Battalion. In all there were five SAS Squadrons raised (2 British, 2 French, 1 Belgian). 3 H British Special Boat Service Headquarters L Section M Section S Section Note

1 CP 2 Cdo, 2 Raft 2 Cdo, 2 Raft 2 Cdo, 2 Raft Equipped according to mission can use mini-subs, human torpedoes, place mines as frogman.

3 I British Special Air Service Raiding Support Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep A Squadron 3 MG, 3 Jeep B Squadron 3 76M, 3 CP, 3 OP, 9 Jeep C Squadron 3 57AT, 3 Jeep D Squadron 3 75H, 3 Jeep Note Individual platoons attached to raiding parties as the need and operational requirements dictate. 3 J British Armoured Brigade Headquarters 1939 to 1940 (France) (commands 3 Armoured Regiments plus attachments)

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Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV, 1 Truck

3 K British Armoured Brigade Headquarters 1940 to 1945 (North Africa and Europe) (commands 3 Armoured Regiments, 1 Motor Infantry Battalion plus attachments) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV Note Canadians changed their order of battle in July 1944 by transferring the Motor Infantry Battalion to the Armoured Division’s Infantry Brigade. 3 L British Cruiser Regiment September 1939 to August 1940 (France) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 AEC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Troop (CO) 1 A13 1 Troop 1 A10 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 2 Cruiser Squadrons each 4 A13 1 Cruiser Squadron 4 A10 1 Light Tank Squadron 4 Mk VIB 3 M British Cruiser Regiment September 1940 to July 1941 (North Africa) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 AEC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Troop (CO) 1 A13 1 Troop 1 A10 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 2 Cruiser Squadrons each 4 A13 2 Light Tank Squadrons each 4 Mk VIB Note Lexicon note here. The British Royal Armoured Corps was made up of Royal Tank Regiments (RAC) and Cavalry Regiments (RAC) (divided into Armoured Recce Regiments, Recce Regiments, Infantry Division Cavalry Regiments, Cruiser Regiments and Medium Armoured Regiments). For the most part Royal Tank Regiments were formed as infantry support tank units. Thus the name “Tank Regiment” refers to units equipped with heavy armoured and slow speed Matilidas (later Churchills) in the infantry support role. When the Cavalry was mechanized in the 1930s, they argued that their role should be the same as on horseback - exploitation. Thus the Cavalry formed “Cruiser” (Later Medium Armoured) Regiments. Any unit called cruiser or medium armoured is used to exploit into the enemy’s rear and is equipped with tanks of good gun and moderate to fast speed. Finally, the cavalry, for the reconnaissance role, formed armoured recce and recce regiments. Armoured recce regiments began in appear in August 1944 when Cromwell

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tanks were withdrawn from the Medium Armoured Regiments and used to re-equip the recce regiments of armoured divisions. Basically the light fast Cromwell was used as an armoured car on tracks to scout ahead of the armoured division. Recce Regiments, Infantry and Infantry Division Cavalry Regiments were formed from the light cavalry (light dragoons, lancers and hussars) to fill the light cavalry scouting role in armoured cars and were used to scout ahead and to the flanks of infantry divisions and corps. 3 N British Cruiser Regiment July 1941 to May 1942 (North Africa) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 AEC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Troop (CO) 1 A13 1 Close Sp Troop 1 A13CS 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 1 Comms Troop 2 Dingo or Diamler 1 3 Cruiser Squadrons each 4 A13 1 Recce Squadron 4 Mk IVB 3 O British Cruiser Regiment June 1942 to October 1942 (North Africa) Headquarters 1 AEC, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Troop (CO) 1 Crusader 1 Recce Troop 2 M3A3 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 2 Cruiser Squadrons each 4 Crusader 2 Cruiser Squadrons each 4 Grant 3 P British Cruiser Regiment October Headquarters 1 Troop (CO) 1 Recce Troop 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 Comms Troop 2 Cruiser Squadrons each 1 Cruiser Squadron 1 Cruiser Squadron 1942 to May 1943 (North Africa & Tunisia) 1 AEC, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Crusader 2 M3A3 1 Stag AA 2 Dingo or Diamler 1 4 Crusader 4 M4/75 4 Grant

3 Q British Medium Armoured Regiment June 1943 to June 1944 (Europe) Replaces the Cruiser Regiment of earlier periods Headquarters 1 AEC, 1 CP, Truck, 1 ARV 1 Troop (CO) 1 Cromwell 2 Sigs Troops each 2 Daimler 1 or Dingo 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 2 Stag AA 1 Recce Troop 2 M5 3 Cruiser Squadrons each 4 M4/75 or Cromwell Note May add 1 Sherman counter per week beginning Mid June 1944 until August 1944 then use 3N

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3 R British Medium Armoured Regiment August 1944 to April 1945 (Europe) Replaces the Cruiser Regiment of earlier periods Headquarters 1 AEC, 1 CP, Truck, 1 ARV 1 Troop (CO) 1 Cromwell 2 Sigs Troops each 1 Daimler 1 or Dingo 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 2 Stag AA 1 Recce Troop 2 M5 3 Cruiser Squadrons each 4 Sherman 3 S British Infantry Tank Regiment 1939 to 1940 (France) Headquarters 1 A11, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 3 Tank Squadrons each 3 A11, 1 Mk IV 3 T British Infantry Tank Regiment 1940 to 1943 (North Africa) Headquarters 1 A11, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 3 Tank Squadrons each 4 A11 3 U British Infantry Tank Regiment 1943 to 1945 (Italy and Europe) Headquarters 1 Churchill, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 3 Tank Squadrons each 2 Churchill, 2 Sherman 3 V British Field Artillery Regiment, RA 1939 to 1945 (3 in an Infantry or Airborne Division) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 3 Field Batteries each 1 Gun, 1 Quad, 1 Truck, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Staff Cars Note Guns are 1939 to 1941 18 pdr or 18/25 pdr only 1942 onward 25 pdr only except in airborne unit which have the 75mm pack howitzer or 75H. Airborne units use jeep in place of Quad Truck. 3 W British Self Propelled Field Artillery Regiment, RA and RHA 1942 (2 in an Armoured Division) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 2 Self-Propelled Batteries ea 1 SPG, 1 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeeps Note Guns are 1942 to 1943 Bishop (N. Africa and Sicily) 3 X British Self Propelled Field Artillery Regiment, RA and RHA 1943 to 1945 (2 in an Armoured Division) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 4 Self-Propelled Batteries ea 1 SPG, 1 Truck, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeeps Note Guns are 1943 to 1944 M7 Priest in Italy 1944 onwards Sexton in Europe 3 Y British Medium Artillery Regiment, RA 1939 to 1945

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Headquarters 2 Medium Batteries each Note 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 1 Gun, 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 2 Trucks Guns are 1939 to 1941 60 pdr 1941 onwards 4.5”, 5.5”, 6” Howitzers

3 Z British Heavy Regiment, RA 1939 to 1945 (these were not used in North Africa) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 4 Heavy Batteries each 1 Gun, 1 CP, 2 Trucks, 1 Staff Car Note Guns are 1939 to 1940 France 8” 1939 to 1943 7.2 1942 onwards 7.2 or 8” 3 AA British Motorized Towed Anti-Tank Regiment, RA 1940 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Anti Tank Batteries each 3 ATG, 3 Truck Note Anti Tank Gun is as follows: 2 pdr – 1939 to August 1942 6 pdr – September 1942 to 1943 Motorized regiments were attached to armoured divisions and usually had a better gun than the regiments attached to infantry divisions. These regiments were converted to self-propelled regiments in 1943. In early 1943 some of these regiments would have received some of the early archer Self Propelled Anti Tank vehicles in one or two battery strength. 3 AB British Towed Anti-Tank Regiment, RA 1940 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Anti Tank Batteries each 3 ATG, 3 Truck Note Anti Tank Gun is as follows: 2 pdr – 1939 to August 1942 6 pdr – September 1942 to January 1945 17 pdr – July 1944 to March 1945 The 17 pounder and 6 pounder served together during a long transition period in the Anti Tank Regiment (but never in the same regiment). The 6 pounder remained the Anti Tank Gun in the infantry battalions until the disbandment of separate towed Anti Tank Regiments in the 1950s. 3 AC British Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Headquarters 3 Self-Propelled Batteries ea 1 Towed Anti Tank Battery Note Regiment, RA 1943 to 1945 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 M10 or Achilles or Archer 3 17lber, 3 Truck SPAT dates are: Archer 1943 M10 Late 1943 to July 1944 Achilles August 1944 to March 1945

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There would be some overlap where vehicles of two types would be found in one regiment. Most Archers were transferred to Asia and the Royal Egyptian Army (seeing service in the 1950s). 3 AD British Reconnaissance Regiment 1939 to 1940 (France) Headquarters 1 Morris, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 76M, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 3 Recce Squadrons each 5 Morris, 1 Bren, 1 Rifle Note Recce Regiments are a Corps asset where each Corps will have at least one Regiment throughout the Second World War. 3 AE British Reconnaissance Regiment 1939 to December 1942 (North Africa) Headquarters 1 Humber 1, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 76M, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 4 Recce Squadrons each 5 Humber 1, 1 Bren, 1 Rifle 3 AF British Reconnaissance Regiment January to May 1943 (North Africa) Headquarters 1 Daimler, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 76M, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 4 Recce Squadrons each 5 Daimler 1 or Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Rifle 3 AG British Reconnaissance Regiment 1943 to 1945 (Italy) Headquarters 1 Staghound, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 76M, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 4 Recce Squadrons each 5 Staghound or Daimler 2, 1 Bren, 1 Rifle 3 AH British Reconnaissance Regiment 1944 to 1945 (Northwest Europe) Headquarters 1 Recon HQ, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 76M, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 4 Recce Squadrons each 5 Staghound or Daimler 2 or Otter (Canadians only), 1 Bren, 1 Rifle 3 AI British Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment 1944 to 1945 (Northwest Europe) Headquarters 1 AEC, 1CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Troop (CO) 1 Cromwell 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 3 Cruiser Squadrons 4 Cromwell Note 1 Regiment per Armoured Division in 1944 to 1945 in place of the recce regiment. 3 AJ British Infantry Division Cavalry Regiment 1939 to 1940 (France) Headquarters 1 Mk IV, 1 Truck, 1 76M, 1 Truck 3 Cavalry Squadrons each 2 Mk IV, 3 Bren, 2 Rifle, 1 MG 3 AK British Infantry Divisional Cavalry Regiment 1940 to October 1942 (Africa) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 76M, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA

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3 Cavalry Squadrons each 4 Bren, 2 Rifle

3 AL British Infantry Divisional Reconnaissance Regiment 1943 to 1945 (Europe) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 76M, 1 M20, 1 M3 SC, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 SPAA 1 SPG Troop 1 M3/75 (or M8 HMC) 3 Recce Squadrons each 2 M8, 1 Humber, 2 Bren, 1 Rifle 3 AM British Parachute Divisional Reconnaissance Regiment 1944 to 1945 (Europe) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 MG 1 Mortar Troop 1 76M, 1 Bren 3 Recce Squadrons each 2 Lynx, 2 Bren, 1 Rifle 3 AN British Long Range Group Headquarters 5 Troops Note

1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep/MG, 2 Truck 2 Scout, 2 Jeep/MG This unit was formed in North Africa and but also operated in Europe. This unit was self-sufficient and operated deep behind enemy lines.

3 AO British 79th Armoured Division NW Europe 1944 to 1945 Divisional Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 30 Armoured Brigade Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 22 Dragoons (June 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Sqn each 5 Flail 1 Lothians and Border Horse (June 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Sqn each 5 Flail 1 Westminister Dragoons (June 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Squn each 5 Flail 1 Assault Brigade, Royal Engineers Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 5 Assault Regiment RE (June 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Squadron 5 AVLB 1 Squadron 5 AEV 1 Squadron 5 AVRE/Demo 1 Squadron 5 AVRE Fascine Notes: This regiment was converted to an LVT regiment in Jan 1945 6 Assault Regiment RE (June 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Squadron 5 AVLB 1 Squadron 5 AEV 1 Squadron 5 AVRE/Demo

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1 Squadron 5 AVRE Fascine 42 Assault Regiment RE (June 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Squadron 5 AVLB 1 Squadron 5 AEV 1 Squadron 5 AVRE/Demo 1 Squadron 5 AVRE Fascine 11 Royal Tank Regiment (Sept 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 5 Sqn each 5 LVT 4 Royal Tank Regiment (Sept 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 5 Sqn each 5 LVT 31 Tank Brigade (July 44) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 141 Regiment RAC Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 M5 3 Sqn each 1 A/C, 5 F/T Churchill 1 Fife and Forfar Yeomany Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 M5 3 Sqn each 1 A/C, 5 F/T Churchill 7 Royal Tank Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 M5 3 Sqn each 1 A/C, 5 F/T Churchill 49 Royal Tank Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 5 Sqn each 5 Kangaroos 1 Canadian Armoured Personnel Carrier Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Humber 2, 1 Bren, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 5 Sqn each 5 Kangaroos Note: These must be attached to other units. No more than 1 Companies worth of such elements may be attached to one unit. Mine Clearing Sherman Crab Flame Throwers Churchill Crocodile ARVE Troops Churchill AVRE 3 AP British Heavy Anti Aircraft Regiment 1939 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 90AAG, 2 Trucks 3 AQ British Medium Anti Aircraft Regiment 1939 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 76AAG, 2 Trucks 3 AR British Light Anti Aircraft Regiment 1939 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 40AAG, 2 Trucks

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3 AS British Engineer Squadron 1939 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Field Troops each 2 Combat Engr, 2 FT, 4 Truck 1 Field Park Troop 2 Const Engr, 3 Bridge, 6 Trucks 3 AT British Engineer Regiment 1939 Headquarters 2 Engineer Squadrons each Headquarters 3 Field Troops each 1 Field Park Troop 3 AU British Royal Marine Armoured Headquarters 2 Armoured Sp Batteries ea Note to 1945 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Combat Engr, 2 FT, 4 Truck 2 Const Engr, 3 Bridge, 6 Trucks Support Group 1944 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 M4/75, 4 CS Tanks There were 2 such units supporting Royal Marines on Gold and Juno Beaches and the 5th Independent Battery supported French Commandos and Royal Marines on Sword beach.

3 AV British 3rd Indian Motor Brigade North Africa 1940-41 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car1 Truck, 1 ARV 35th Field Squadron, Bombay Sappers & Miners 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 2nd Royal Lancers (Gardner Horse) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 11th (Frontier Force) Cavalry (Prince Albert’s Own) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 18th Cavalry (King Edward VIII’s Own) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 3 AW British 3rd Indian Motor Brigade North Africa 1942-43 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 31st Field Squadron, Bombay Sappers & Miners 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 2nd Royal Lancers (Gardner Horse) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 11th (Frontier Force) Cavalry (Prince Albert’s Own) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 18th Cavalry (King Edward VIII’s Own) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 2nd Field Regiment Royal Indian Artillery

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Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Artillery Batteries ea 1 25 Pdr, 2 Truck, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Staff Car 1 Anti Tank Battery 4 2 Pdr, 4 Truck Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Brigades, 3 Field Artillery Regiments, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Machinegun Battalion, 1 Divisional Recce Regiment. South African Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Brigades, 3 Field Artillery Regiments, 1 Light AntiAircraft Regiment, 1 Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Squadron, 1 Machinegun Battalion, 3 Divisional Recce Regiments, 1 Tank Regiment, Parachute Division – 2 Parachute Brigades, 1 Glider Brigade, 1 75mm Field Artillery Regiment, 1 Towed Anti-Tank Regiment (57ATG towed by jeeps), 1 Machinegun Company, 1 Engineer Squadron (if this division goes into battle as infantry all the same assets as an infantry division are present, 1 Machinegun Battalion, 1 Parachute Divisional Recce Regiment, All transport is Jeep and armoured cars are Lynx. Armoured Division (1940-42) – 2 Armoured Brigade, 1 Motorized Infantry Battalion, 2 Motorized Field Artillery Regiments, 1 Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Engineer Squadron, 1 Motorized AntiTank Regiment, 1 Recce Regiment, 1 Machinegun company. Armoured Division (1943-45) – 1 Armoured Brigade, 1 Motorized Infantry Brigade, 2 Mechanized Field Artillery Regiments, 1 Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Engineer Squadron, 1 Anti-Tank Brigade (2 Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Regiments), 1 Armoured Recce (1944 -45) or Recce (1943-44) Regiment, 1 Machinegun company. Special Service Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 to 4 Commando Battalions. Special Air Service Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 5 Special Air Service Squadrons, 1 Special Boat Service Squadron, 1 Special Air Service Raiding Support Regiment. 4 Royal Belgian Army, Belgium 1940 This is army is estimated. The artillery is mostly German World War One weapons converted to Allied calibres. Armour was very limited, with one company of 12 vehicles per Infantry division. 4 A Belgium Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1939 to 1940 (May command 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, Staff Car 1 Anti Tank Company 2 Truck, 2 47ATG 1 Mortar Company 3 Trucks, 3 81M 4 B Belgium Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 3 45M

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4 C Belgium Divisional Tank Company 1939 to 1940 3 T13 4 D Belgium Field Artillery Battalion 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 Artillery Batteries each 1 77H, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 Limber 1 OP team 1 OP 4 E Belgium Corps Artillery Battalion 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Artillery Batteries each 1 105H, 1 CP, 3 Trucks Large Units: Cavalry Division - 3 Infantry Regiments (1 Motorcycle equipped, 2 Bicycle equipped), 1 Artillery Regiment (3 77mm Battalions), 1 Engineer Company (3 platoons) Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 77mm Battalions, 1 105mm Battalion), 1 Engineer Company (3 platoons), 1 Tank Company Chasseurs de Ardennes Division - 3 Infantry Regiments (2 Motorized, 1 Bicycle equipped), 1 Artillery Regiment (3 77mm Battalions, 1 105mm Battalion), 1 Engineer Company (3 platoons), 1 A/C Company (3 Panhard), 1 Tank Company, 1 Scout Company on Bicycle

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5 Royal Dutch Army, Holland 1940 This is army is estimated. No more than one division ever operated together. 5 A Dutch Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1939 to 1940 (May command 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, Staff Car 1 Anti Tank Company 2 Truck, 2 47ATG 1 Mortar Company 3 Trucks, 3 81M 5 B Dutch Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 3 45M 5 C Dutch Divisional Armoured Car Company 1939 to 1940 3 ADGZ 5 D Dutch Field Artillery Battalion 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 Artillery Batteries each 1 75H, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 Limber 1 OP team 1 OP 5 E Dutch Corps Artillery Battalion 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Artillery Batteries each 1 105H, 1 CP, 3 Trucks Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 75mm Battalions), 1 Engineer Company (3 platoons), 1 Armoured Car Company

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6 Royal Yugoslavian Army, Yugoslavia 1941 This is army is estimated. Quickly bowled over this army had no real personality. The Yugoslavs were very fragmented ethically and this should be represented in morale. The Croats in particular will change sides when faced with the Germans and the opportunity to do so. 6 A Yugoslavian Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1941 (May command 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, Staff Car, 1 Truck 1 Anti Tank Company 2 Truck, 2 25ATG 6 B Yugoslavian Infantry Battalion 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Wagon 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 3 50M 6 C Yugoslavian Divisional Tank Company 1941 3 FT17 6 D Yugoslavian Field Artillery Battalion 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 Artillery Batteries each 1 75H, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 Limber 1 OP team 1 OP 6 E Yugoslavian Corps Artillery Battalion 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Artillery Batteries each 1 105H, 1 CP, 3 Trucks Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 75mm Battalions), 1 Engineer Company (3 platoons), 1 Tank Company

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7 Finnish Army, Finland 1939 to1944 A small army, which managed to hold the Russians for some eight or nine months in the winter of 1939 to 1940, and then joined Germany in their invasion of Russia in 1941. The army had little in the way of heavy weapons, most of its armour came from captured Russian sources, or later supplied by the Germans. From 1944 the Finns saw the writing on the wall and changed sides, and fought with the Soviets until the Germans were expelled from Finnish soil. 7 A Finnish Regimental Headquarters 1939 to 1945 (May Command 2 Infantry Battalions and 1 Cyclist Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP 7 B Finnish Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Wagon 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Limber 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Wagon 1 Cannon Platoon 1 75IG, 1 Limber Note Jaeger, Cyclist and Light Battalions had Bicycles in summer, and skis in snow. From 1941 the 37ATG may be replaced by 50ATG. From 1943 the Anti-Tank Guns may be 76.2ATG 7 C Finnish Tank Company 1939 to 1940 (only one was used, Renault FT17/37’s were dug in as defenses.) 3 T26 7 D Finnish Cavalry Brigade 1939 to 1945 (Only one of these existed) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Cavalry Regiments each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Cavalry Sqn each 3 Rifle, 3 Horses 1 MG Squadron 3 MG, 3 Horse 1 Jaeger Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Bicycle, 1 Wagon 3 Jaeger Coy each 3 Rifle, 3 Bicycles 1 Machinegun Coy 3 MG, 3 Bicycle 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Limber 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Wagon Note Notes on anti tank guns for the infantry battalion apply 7 E Finnish Tank Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 T26, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Tank Battalions each Headquarters 1 T 26 3 Tank Companies each 3 T26 or 2 T34 & 1 T26 or 3 Pz4H Note Only one company of T34/T28 and one Company of Pz IV may be used; Pz IV may only be used from 1944.

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7 F Finnish Assault Gun Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 StuG3 3 Assault Gun Companies ea 3 StuG3 7 G Finnish Artillery Battalion Headquarters 2 Light Artillery Batteries ea 1 Heavy Artillery Battery Note

1 CP, 1 Horse 1 75H, 2 Wagons, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Limber 1 105H, 2 Wagons, 1 CP, 1OP, 1 Limber The weapons used are highly variable. 75mm came from Sweden, the US, and Norway. Russian 76mm were captured and used in large numbers, as were the 122mm. 105’s came from France and Sweden, 150mm (also 152’s and 155’s) came from France, Sweden, and Russia.

7 H Independent Finnish Units these may be attached to any Regimental Headquarters Armoured Car Platoon 1 BA-10 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 40AAG, 1 Truck 7 I Finnish Border Guard Battalion 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Guard Companies each 4 Scout 1 Towed Companies each 1 81M, 1 45ATG, 1 Limber Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 Battalions), 1 Engineer Company (3 platoons), 1 Tank Company

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8 French Republican Army, France 1939 to 1942 This organization was used for the campaigns in Europe, and also in Syria and North West Africa. For Free French until 1943 use the British organizations, from then on use the US organizations with a mixture of British, American and France 1940 equipment. After 1944 most equipment was standardized on the US model but commandos retained British organization and equipment. The following tables are by division, starting with DLM, then DCR and finally Infantry. In Syria H35 tank battalions and Infantry units may be used. In Tunisia Infantry and S35 or H39 tanks can be used. 8 A French DLM Tank Regiment Headquarters 1939 to 1940 (Commands 1 S35 and 1 H35/39 Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 8 B French DLM Tank Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 Souma S35 or H35 or H39 2 Tank Companies each 2 Souma S35 or H35 or H39 8 C French DLM Dragoon Portees Regiment Headquarters 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Rifle Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 1 Motorcycle Squadron 3 Rifle, 3 motorcycles 1 Cavalry Squadron 3 AMR or AMC 1 Support Squadron 1 Staff Car, 1 OP, 2 MG, 2 Trucks, 1 81M, 1 Truck, 2 25ATG, 2 Trucks 8 D French DLM Recce Groupe 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 1 Motorcycle Squadron 4 Scout, 4 motorcycle 1 Armoured Car Squadron 4 Panhard 8 E French DLM Divisional Anti Tank Groupe 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Anti Tank Companies each 3 Lorraine, 3 25ATG 1 Anti Tank Company 3 Lorraine, 3 47ATG 8 F French DLM Divisional Artillery Groupe 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Light Artillery Battalions ea 3 75H, 4 CP, 1OP, 11 Trucks 1 Medium Artillery Battalion 3 105H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 11 Trucks 8 G French DCR Medium Tank Regiment 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 R35 or H39 or D2 2 Tank Battalions each Headquarters 1 R35 or H39 or D2 3 Tank Companies ea 2 R35 or H39 or D1 8 H French DCR Heavy Tank Regiment 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 B1 Bis

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2 Tank Battalions each Headquarters 1 B1 Bis 3 Tank Companies each 2 B1 Bis 8 I French DCR Chasseur Battalion 1939 to 1940 (Division only had one of these) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 81M, 1 Staff Car, 2 Trucks 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Lorraine 1 Anti Tank Company 3 25ATG, 3 Loraine 1 Recce Company 1 Panhard, 1 Scout, 1Motorcycle 1 Mortar Platoon 2 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Trucks 8 J French DCR Divisional Anti Tank Company 1939 to 1940 (Division only has one of these) 3 Lorraine, 3 47ATG 8 K French DCR Artillery Groupe 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Medium Artillery Bn each 3 105H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 11 Truck 8 L French DLC Light Cavalry Regiment Headquarters 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1CP, 1 Combat Engr, 1 Bridge, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck 1 Heavy Squadron 1 25 ATG, 2 MG, 3 Wagons 8 M French DLC Light Cavalry Battalion 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Pack Horse 4 Light Cavalry Sqn each 4 Rifle, 4 Horse 8 N French DLC Armoured Car Regimental Headquarters 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Combat Engr, 1 Bridge, 2 Trucks 8 O French DLC Armoured Car Battalion 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 Panhard 1 Armoured Car Squadron 2 Panhard 1 Motorcycle Squadron 4 Scout, 4 M/C 8 P French DLC Dragoon Portees Regiment Headquarters 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Rifle Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 2 Motorcycle Squadron each 3 Rifle, 3 motorcycles 2 Cavalry Squadron each 3 AMR or AMC 2 Support Squadron each 1 Staff Car, 1 OP, 2 MG, 2 Trucks, 1 81M, 1 Truck, 2 25ATG, 2 Trucks 8 Q French DLC Divisional Artillery Groupe 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Light Artillery Battalions ea 3 75H, 4 CP, 1OP, 3 Limbers, 5 Horses, 3 Wagons 1 Medium Artillery Battalion 3 105H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 3 Limbers, 5 Horses, 3 Wagons 8 R French DLC Divisional Anti Tank Groupe 1939 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck

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1 Anti Tank Squadron 1 Anti Tank Battery 3 Limber, 3 25ATG 3 Limber, 3 47ATG

8 S French Infantry Division Infantry Regimental Headquarters 1939 to 1942 (Use for Motorized infantry as well, has 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck Regimental Anti Tank Coy 2 Lorraine, 2 25ATG Regimental Engineer Coy 3 Com Engr, 1 FT Note The Anti-Tank Company is only in 1st Line Divisions, and a few Second Line Reservist Divisions. The Engineer Company is only in colonial infantry regiments. 8 T French Fortress Infantry Regimental Headquarters 1939 to 1942 (Commands 2 to 3 Fortress Infantry Battalions and 1 External Defense Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Const Engr, 1 Scout, 1 M/C Note The Anti-Tank Company is only in 1st Line Divisions, and a few Second Line Reservist Divisions. Not all regiments had an external defense battalion. Only Fortress Infantry Regiments with 3 Fortress Infantry Battalions have an External Defense Battalion. 8 U French Infantry Division Engineer Company 1939 to 1942 3 Combat Engr 8 V French Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Wagon, 1 Limber, 1 25ATG, 1 81M, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG Note Second Line battalions 2 37IG in place of 81M 8 V1 French Mountain Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Wagon, 1 81M, 1 Scout 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company 2 MG 8 W French Fortress Infantry Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 Fortress Companies each 2 MG, 1 Rifle 1 Support Company 1 MG, 2 81M, 1 25ATG, 1 37IG 8 X French External Defense Infantry Headquarters 2 Infantry Companies each 2 Support Companies each Battalion 1939 to 1942 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 1 MG, 3 Rifle 1 MG, 3 Rifle, 1 25ATG, 1 Wagon

8 Y French Fortress Machinegun Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 4 Machinegun Companies ea 4 MG, 1 Rifle

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8 Z French Infantry Machinegun Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 Machinegun Companies ea 3 MG, 1 Rifle 1 Support Company 1 81M, 2 25ATG, 1 Wagon 8 AA French Motorized Infantry Machinegun Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Machinegun Companies ea 3 MG, 1 Rifle, 4 Truck 1 Support Company 1 81M, 2 25ATG, 2 Rifle, 5 Truck 8 AB French Infantry Division Recce Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 2 Truck, 1 25ATG, 1 81M, 1 Truck 1 Motorcycle Company 3 Scout, 3 motorcycle 1 Mounted Company 3 Scout, 3 Horse 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG, 3 Wagon Note Note on Infantry Battalion above applies 8 AC French Motorized Division Recce Regiment 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 1 Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 Staff Car 1 Armoured Car Coy 3 Panhard 1 Motorcycle Coy 3 Scout, 3 motorcycle 1 Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Lorraine, 25ATG, 1 81M, 1 Truck 1 Motorcycle Comy 3 Scout, 3 motorcycle 1 Recce Tank Coy 3 AMR 1 Machinegun Coy 3 MG, 3 Trucks 8 AD French Corps Recce Groupe 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Motorcycle Company 3 Scout, 3 motorcycle 1 Heavy Weapons Company 3 MG, 3 Trucks, 1 25ATG, 1 81M, 2 Truck 8 AE French Infantry or Motorized Division Light Artillery Group 1939 to 1942 (Division has 1 of these) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Wagon 3 Light Artillery Battalions ea 4 CP, 1 OP, 3 75H, 3 Wagons, 3 Limbers, 5 Staff Car 1 Anti Tank Company 2 Lorraine, 2 25ATG Note Motorized divisions have trucks, infantry divisions have wagons and limbers. 8 AF French Infantry or Motorized Division Artillery Group 1939 to 1942 (Division has 1 of these) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Medium Artillery Bn each 4 CP, 1 OP, 3 105H, 3 Wagons, 3 Limbers, 5 Staff Car 1 Heavy Artillery Battalion 4 CP, 1 OP, 3 155H, 3 Wagons, 3 Limbers, 5 Staff Car Note Motorized divisions have trucks, infantry divisions have

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wagons and limbers. 8 AG French Infantry Corps Heavy Artillery Regiment 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Artillery Battalions each 3 105H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 3 Wagons, 3 Limbers, 5 Staff Car 2 Artillery Battalions each 3 155H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 3 Wagons, 3 Limbers, 5 Staff Car 8 AH French Motorized Infantry and Armoured Corps Heavy Artillery Regiment 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Artillery Battalions each 3 105H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 6 Trucks, 5 Staff Car 2 Artillery Battalions each 3 155H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 6 Trucks, 5 Staff Car 8 AI French Horsed Cavalry Corps Heavy Artillery Regiment 1939 to 1940 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Wagon 4 Artillery Battalions each 3 75H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 6 Trucks, 5 Staff Car Large Units: Infantry Division – 2 to 4 Infantry Regiments, 1 Machinegun Battalion, 1 Light Artillery Group, 1 Heavy Artillery Group, 1 Recce Battalion, 6 Engineer Platoons, 3 FT-17 Tank Companies (Regular army units only) Mountain Infantry Division – 2 Infantry Demi-brigades (3 Mountain Infantry Battalions each), 1 Light Artillery Battalion, 3 Motorized Engineer Platoons, 1 H39 Tank Companies, 1 anti aircraft company (25AAG), 1 ski company (3 Rifle, 1 37IG, 1 Wagon). Motorized Infantry Division - 3 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Motorized Machinegun Battalion, 1 Motorized Light Artillery Group, 1 Motorized Heavy Artillery Group, 1 Motorized Recce Regiment, 6 Motorized Engineer Platoons, 1 Infantry Tank Company (R35 or H35) DLM (Division Light Mechanized) – 1 DLM Armoured Brigade (2 DLM Tank Regiments), 1 DLM Recce Groupe, 1 Dragoons Portees Regiment, 1 DLM Anti-Tank Groupe, 1 DLM Artillery Groupe, 1 Motorized Machinegun Battalion, 9 Motorized Engineer Platoons DCR (Division Armoured (“Chars”))– 1 DCR Armoured Brigade (1 DCR Medium Tank Regiment, 1 DCR Heavy Tank Regiment), 1 DCR Chaser Battalion, 1 DCR Artillery Groupe, 1 Motorized Machinegun Battalion, 3 Motorized Engineer Platoons DCL (Division Cavalry Light) – 1 Light Cavalry Brigade (2 Cavalry Regiments), 1 Light Mechanized Brigade (1 Armoured Car Regiment, 1 Reconnaissance Battalion, 1 Tank Battalion (H35), 1 Dragoons Portees Regiment), 1 DCL Artillery Groupe, 1 DCL Anti Tank Groupe, 1 Motorized Machinegun Battalion, 1 DCL Anti Aircraft Battery (1 25 AAG, 1 Limber), 3 Motorized Engineer Platoons Independent Cavalry Brigade – 2 Cavalry Regiments

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9 German Wehrmarcht, Luftwaffe, Kiegsmarine and Waffen SS Ground Formations The German army fielded over 300 infantry divisions, which provided the bulk of their forces. Command of ground forces was confused with SS, Heer, Kiegsmarine and Luftwaffe all having ground units under their separate command with no formal means of cooperation between them prior to September 1944. There was a continual shortage of equipment, so units shown here are almost certainly over strength, always feel free to substitute captured enemy equipment as this was a frequent German practice. 9 A German Infantry Regiment 1938 to 1943 (may command up to 3 battalions) Headquarters 2 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 20AAG, 1 Limber Regimental Cannon Company 2 150IG, 2 Limber Regimental Anti Tank Coy 3 37ATG, 3 Limber Regimental Recce Platoon 1 SMG, 1 Horse Regimental Pioneer Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT 9 B German Infantry Regiment 1943 to 1944 (may command up to 2 battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Wagon, 1 20AAG, 1 Limber Regimental Cannon Company 2 150IG, 2 Limber Regimental Anti Tank Coy 2 50ATG (1944 75ATG), 2 Truck Regimental Recce Platoon 1 SMG, 1 Horse Regimental Pioneer Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT 9 C German Static Infantry Regiment 1943 to 1944 (may command up to 2 battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Wagon, 1 20AAG, 1 Limber Regimental Cannon Company 2 150IG, 2 Limber Regimental Anti Tank Platoon 1 50ATG, 1 Truck Regimental Recce Platoon 1 SMG, 1 Horse Regimental Pioneer Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT 9 D German Luftwaffe Infantry Regiment 1943 to 1944 (may command up to 3 battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Wagon Regimental Cannon Company 2 75IG, 2 Limber Regimental Anti Aircraft Bty 2 20AAG, 2 Truck Regimental Anti Tank Platoon 1 50ATG, 1 Truck Regimental Recce Platoon 1 SMG, 1 Horse Regimental Pioneer Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT 9 E German Kiegsmarine Infantry Regiment 1944 (may command up to 2 battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Wagon Regimental Cannon Company 2 75IG, 2 Limber Regimental Anti Aircraft Pl 1 20AAG, 2 Truck Regimental Anti Tank Platoon 1 50ATG, 1 Truck Regimental Recce Platoon 1 SMG, 1 Horse 9 F German Volksgrenadier Regiment October 1944 to 1945 (may command up to 2 battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 Wagon Regimental Anti Aircraft Coy 1 20AAG, 1 Limber Regimental Cannon Company 2 150IG, 2 Limber

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Regimental Anti Tank Platoon 1 75ATG, 1 Truck 9 G German Motorized Regiment Headquarters 1938 to 1943 (Commands 2 or 3 Battalions plus M/C Battalion) Headquarters 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck 1 Recce Platoon 2 SMG, 2 Motorcycle 1 Assault Gun Company 3 GW1 (Europe only) 9 H German Parachute Regiment Headquarters 1939 to 1945 (Commands 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck 1 Recce Platoon 2 SMG, 2 Motorcycle 9 I German Motorized Grenadier/Panzer Grenadier Regiment Headquarters 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck Note Panzer Grenadier Regiment commands 1 Armoured Grenadier and Motorized Battalion, Motorized Grenadier Regiment commands 2 Motorized Battalions 9 J German SS Panzer Grenadier Regiment Headquarters 1943 to 1945 (Commands 1 HT and 2 Motorized Battalions) Headquarters 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck 1 Panzer Jager Company 3 PJIV (or StuG3g) 9 K German Infantry Battalion 1938 to 1943 Headquarters 2 Wagon, 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle (old type platoon) 1 Heavy Company 1 20AAG, 1 37ATG, 1 75IG, 3 Limber 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG, 1 81M 9 L German Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 2 Wagon, 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Pz S (From July 1944) 1 Heavy Company 1 20AAG, 1 50ATG(75ATG in 1944), 1 75IG, 2 Limber, 1 Truck 1 Machinegun Company 1 MG, 1 81M, 1 120M, 1 Truck 9 M German Luftwaffe or Kiegsmarine Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1944 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle (old type platoon), 1Pz S 1 Heavy Company 3 Pz S, 1 MG 1 Machinegun Company 1 81M, 1 120M, 1 Wagon 9 N German Volksgrenadier Battalion Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Heavy Company 1 Machinegun Company October 1944 to 1945 1 CP 2 Rifle, 1 SMG, 1Pz S 3 Pz S, 1 MG 1 81M, 1 120M, 1 Wagon

9 O German Static Infantry Battalion 1943 to 1945

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Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Heavy Company 1 Machinegun Company 2 3 1 1 Wagon, 1 CP Secur, 1 Pz S (From July 1944) 75IG, 1 Limber, 2 Pz S MG, 1 81M

9 P German Motorized Battalion 1938 to 1943 (Europe and Russia) Headquarters 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 1 Heavy Company 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 AA Truck 1 Machinegun Company 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Truck 2 MG Platoons each 1 MG, 1 Truck Note One company may be mounted in an Sdkfz 251/1, up to 1941. 9 Q German Motorized Battalion 1941 to 1943 (Africa) Headquarters 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 1 Heavy Company 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Truck (50ATG in 1943) 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 AA Truck 1 Cannon Platoon 1 GW1 1 Machinegun Company 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Truck 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG, 1 Truck 1 Recce Platoon 1 SMG, 1 Motorcycle 9 R German Parachute Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, Truck 1 Heavy Company 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Truck (28ATG in 1941) 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 20AAG, 1 Truck 1 Cannon Platoon 1 105RR, 1 Truck 1 Cannon Platoon 1 75RR, 1 Truck 1 Machinegun Company 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Truck 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG, 1 Truck 1 Recce Platoon 1 SMG, 1 Motorcycle 1 Com Engr Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 2 FT, 2 Truck 9 S German Parachute Battalion 1943 Headquarters 3 Parachute Companies each 1 Heavy Company 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon to 1945 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Rifle, 1 Pz S. 3 Truck 1 75ATG, 1 Truck (28ATG in 1943) 1 AA Truck

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1 Cannon Platoon 1 150IG, 1 Truck (105RR in 1943) 1 Cannon Platoon 1 75IG, 1 Truck (75RR in 1943) 1 Machinegun Company 1 Mortar Platoon 1 120M, 1 Truck 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Truck 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG, 1 Truck 1 Recce Platoon 1 SMG, 1 Motorcycle 1 Com Engr Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 2 FT, 2 Truck 9 T German Armoured Grenadier Battalion 1942 to 1945 (In Russia, Tunisia and Europe) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HT, 1 Mauliter, 1 ARV 3 Grenadier Companies each 3 SMG, 1 Pz S (From July 1944), 3 HT 1 Heavy Company 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 AA HT 1 Anti Tank Platoon 2 Marder 1 Cannon Platoon 1 GW38 1 Machinegun Company 1 Recce Platoon 2 SMG, 2 Motorcycle 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG, 1 HT 1 Com Engr Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 HT 1 Mortar Battery 1 120M, 1 81M, 2 HT 9 U German Mixed Grenadier Battalion 1944 to 1945 (In Russia and Europe) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HT, 1 Mauliter, 1 ARV 1 Grenadier Company 3 SMG, 1 Pz S (From July 1944), 3 HT 2 Grenadier Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Pz S (From July 1944), 3 Truck 1 Heavy Company 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 AA HT 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 Marder 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 75ATG, 1 Truck 1 Cannon Platoon 1 GW38 1 Machinegun Company 1 Recce Platoon 2 SMG, 2 Motorcycle 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG, 1 Truck 1 Com Engr Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 HT 1 Mortar Battery 1 120M, 1 81M, 2 Truck Note The first Panzer Grenadier Regiment of a Panzer Division had this type of organization in place of a full Armoured Grenadier Battalion with the other battalions of the division being Motorized Grenadier Battalions. Only SS and Elite Army and Luftwaffe formations had full Armoured Grenadier Battalions. This was a result of the 1944 re-org of the German Army and the continuing equipment and manpower shortages. 9 V German Motorized Grenadier Battalion 1942 to 1945 (All theatres) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Grenadier Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Pz S (From July 1944), 3 Trucks 1 Heavy Company

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1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 AA Truck 1 Anti Tank Platoon 2 75ATG, 2 Truck 1 Platoon 1 GW38 1 Machinegun Company 1 Recce Platoon 2 SMG, 2 M/C 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG, 1 Truck 1 Com Engr Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 Truck 1 Mortar Battery 1 81M, 1 120M, 2 Trucks 9 W German Motorcycle Battalion 1939 to 1943 (All Theatres)(One of these per Panzer Division) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Motorcycle, 1 Truck 3 Motorcycle Companies ea 3 Rifle, 1 MG, 4 M/C 1 Heavy Company 1 37ATG, 3 Truck, 1 AA Truck, 1 81M, 1 75IG 9 X German Panzer Regiment Headquarters 1938 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Comd Pz, 1 AA HT, 1 Truck 9 Y German Panzer Regiment Headquarters 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Comd Pz, 1 AA HT, 1 Mauliter 9 Z German Panzer Lehr Panzer Regiment Headquarters 1944 to 1945 (Commands 12 Pz Lehr Companies (4 companies of 5 PzV, 4 companies of 5 Pz IV and 4 companies of 5 PzVI) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Comd Pz, 3 AA HT, 1 Mauliter, 1 Jagd Panzer Company 4 Jpz 4 1 Anti Aircraft Company 4 AA HT 1 Recce Company 4 Luchs, 4 SMG, 4 M/C 9 AA German Luftwaffe Panzer Regiment Headquarters 1943 to 1945 (Herman Goring Division, Commands 1 PzV 1 PzIV Battalion and 1 StuG3 Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Comd Pz, 3 AA HT, 1 Mauliter 9 AB German Panzer Battalion 1938 to 1941 (Europe and Russia) Headquarters 1 Pz, 1 Pz1, 2 SMG, 1 Engr Combat, 2 Motorcycle, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Panzer Companies each 3 Pz 1 Support Company 3 Pz4d Note Pz is Pz1, Pz2, Pz38, and Pz3e May not mix Panzer III with Panzer 38(t) or Panzer 35(t). For Russia in 1941 delete the Pz I except in Headquarters units, Pz III may be upgraded to E F, G, or H. 1940 Tank mixes: 1, 2, 10 Panzer Divisions – HQ/Recce - Panzer 1, Medium Tanks – Panzer 2 and Support Tanks – Panzer 4d 3, 4, 5 Panzer Divisions - HQ/Recce - Panzer 1, Medium Tanks – Panzer 1 and 2 and Support Tanks – Panzer 3e and 4d 6, 7, 8 Panzer Divisions - HQ/Recce - Panzer 1, Medium Tanks – Panzer 38 and Support Tanks –

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Panzer 3e 9 Panzer Division - HQ/Recce - Panzer 1, Medium Tanks – Panzer 2 and Support Tanks – Panzer 3e and 4d 1941 Tank mixes: 6, 7, 8, 12, 19, 20 Panzer Divisions – HQ/Recce - Panzer 38t, Medium Tanks – Panzer 38t and Support Tanks – Panzer 4d. These divisions had 3 instead 2 medium tank companies with the regiments having 3 battalions. All other Panzer Divisions - HQ/Recce - Panzer 2, Medium Tanks – Panzer 3 and Support Tanks – Panzer 4d 9 AC German Panzer Battalion March 1941 to November 1942 (Africa) Headquarters 1 Pz3, 1 Pz2, 2 SMG, 1 Engr Combat, 2 Motorcycle, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 AA HT 3 Panzer Companies each 3 Pz3 1 Support Company 3 Pz4d Note P3 maybe e, h or j. Pz38t maybe substituted for Pz3 in Europe only. See 1941 Tank mixes in 9 AC note that 3 tank companies was not typical although it was the recommended army order of battle, 2 companies being the norm at the front. 9 AD German Panzer Battalion 1942 Headquarters 3 Panzer Companies each 1 Support Company Note 9 AE German Panzer Battalion 1943 Headquarters 3 Panzer Companies each 1 Support Company Note

1 P3j, 1 Pz2, 2 SMG, 1 Engr Combat, 2 Motorcycle, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA HT 3 P3j 3 Pz4g Note in 9 AC also applies.

1 Pz4g, 1 Pz2, 2 SMG, 1 Engr Combat, 2 Motorcycles, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA HT 3 Pz4g 3 Pz3m Some battalions in 1943 will use the Pz3n/Pz4g combination like 1942; some will use all Pz4g or Panther. SS Panzer Battalions use SS units unless equipped with Pz3n. Note in 9 AC also applies. This is a very confusing year to nail down an ORBAT any combination is possible depending on local resources

9 AF German Panzer Battalion 1944 to 1945 (Europe and Russia) Headquarters 1 Pz, 1 Luchs, 1 SMG, 1 Motorcycle, 1 Opel Mauliter, 1 Whirlwind, 1 HT, 1 ARV, 1 Combat Engr, 1 HT 3 Panzer Companies each 3 Pz

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Note Pz is Pz4h or Panther. SS Panzer Battalions use SS units. 12th SS Panzer Division 1944 - Some SS Panzer Battalions had 4 or 5 companies such as the 12SS panzer regiment in June 1944. 21st Panzer Division 1944 – 1 battalion of Pz 4g and 1 battalion of Somua 35 with H39 as Headquarters tanks. There were a number of independent panzer battalions that served as training units in France and support units in the Arctic against the Soviets, they all had captured French equipment mostly R35, H39 and S35. Security Tanks - FT17 were used as internal security vehicles in the rear area and maybe available to security divisions in combat (about a company’s worth of tanks). 11th Panzer Division 1944 – this unit stationed in the South of France used the Pz3n instead of Pz4h and Pz5 and was in action against US and Free French Forces during Operation Anvil/Dragoon. Use the 1943 battalion order of battle. 18th Panzer Division 1944 – this unit was struck from the order of battle as a panzer division and became a breakthrough artillery division.

9 AG German Heavy Tank Battalion 1942 to 1943 Headquarters 1 Tiger I, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AAHT 3 Panzer Companies each 2 Tiger I, 1 Pz3j Note Pz3 may be omitted. This unit normally operates by independent companies. Between 1942 and 1943 the following battalions were raised: 501 - 3/42 North Africa to 3/43 then East Front 502 - 3/42 East Front 503 - 1/43 East Front rebuilt in 1/45 as Feld Herren Halle Battalion of FHH Panzer Division. Use Tiger 2 from 8/44. 504 – 1/43 Italy (East Front for Kursk then Italy) 505 – 1/43 East Front. Use Tiger 2 from 8/44. 506 – 3/43 East Front, then West Front from 4/44. Use Tiger 2 from 8/44. 507 – 4/43 East Front 508 – 3/43 Italy to 1/45 then West Front 509 – 4/43 East Front. Use Tiger 2 from 8/44. 3/35 – 1/43 Kursk with 35th Panzer Regiment disbanded after Kursk 3/GD – 3/43 Kursk with Greater Germany Panzer Regiment through out the war. Removed from division in 1/45 to serve as a Corps asset as “Heavy Panzer Battalion Greater Germany”. HG – 1/43 Italy as part of Hermann Goering Panzer Division and saw service in several Parachute Corps. 9 AH German Heavy Tank Battalion 1944 to 1945

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Headquarters 3 Panzer Companies each Note 1 Tiger I or II (from August 1944), 1 Opel Mauliter, 1 ARV, 1 AAHT 3 Tiger I or II This unit normally operates by independent companies. Between 1944 and 1945 the following battalions were raised (in addition those in existence): 510 - 3/44 East Front 511 - 1/44 East Front then folded into 502. Use Tiger 2 from 8/44. 511 - 1/45 East Front, newly raised from training troops. Use Tiger 2 from 1/45. 1/130 – 1/44 West Front, was made a panther battalion after 8/44 SS 101 – 2/44 West Front, then East Front from 1/45. Use Tiger 2 from 12/44. SS 102 – 2/44 West Front, then East Front from 1/45. Use Tiger 2 from 12/44. SS 103 – 2/44 West Front, then East Front from 1/45. Use Tiger 2 from 12/44. 424 - 1/45 East Front. Formed from the surplus Tiger 1s of Tiger 2 re-equipped units.

9 AI German Tank Demolition Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 251HT 3 Tank Companies each 1 StG3g, 2 BV Tiger 1 Note There was only one of these battalions and it served on the Eastern Front throughout the war. StuG3g are the controller vehicles and BV Tigers drop off the demolition charge on the target. 9 AJ German Divisional Anti-Tank Battalion 1938 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Anti Tank Companies each 4 37ATG, 4 Truck (replace in 1942 with 50ATG) 1 Anti Aircraft Company 2 20AAQG, 2 Trucks (Infantry Divisions only) Note The option to upgrade 1 ATG platoon per company applies to Panzer Divisions in 1940, and Infantry divisions in 1941. 9 AK German Infantry Division Anti-Tank Battalion Late 1942 to 1945 (Use this for Africa as well, see Note) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 1 SPAT Company 3 SPAT (StuG3g, Marder, Hetzer) 1 Anti-Tank Company 4 50ATG, 4 Truck 2 Anti Aircraft Company 2 AA HT or 2 20AA, 2 Truck Note 75ATG from November 1943. Must use 7.62ATG in North Africa and may use 7.62ATG on East Front after July 1942. 9 AL German Panzer & Panzer Grenadier Division Anti-Tank Battalion 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck

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2 SPAT Companies each 3 SPAT (StuG3g, JP4, Marder, Hetzer (1944)) 2 Anti Tank Companies each 2 75ATG, 2 RSO 9 AM German Volksgrenadier Anti-Tank Battalion 1944-45 Type 1 Headquarters 1 CP, 1V/W, 1 Truck 2 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 20AAG, 2 Truck 3 Panzer Jager Batteries each 1 SPAT 3 Anti Tank Companies each 2 75ATG, 2 Truck Note SPAT can be Marder, StuG 3g or SU76. This battalion replaced the Anti Aircraft and Anti Tank battalion in many of the better Volksgrenadier Divisions. Only the very best Volksgrenadier Divisions retained separate Anti Aircraft and Anti Tank battalions. 9 AN German Volksgrenadier Anti-Tank Battalion 1944-45 Type 2 Headquarters 1 CP, 1V/W, 1 Truck 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 20AAG, 2 Truck 2 Panzer Jager Batteries each 1 SPAT 1 Anti Tank Companies each 2 75ATG, 2 Truck Note SPAT can be Marder, StuG3g or SU76. This battalion replaced the Anti Aircraft and Anti Tank battalion in many of the dubious quality, “white bread’ and under strength Volksgrenadier Divisions. 9 AO German Corps Heavy Anti-Tank Battalion 1941 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 V/W, 1 Truck 3 Panzer Jager Companies ea 3 SPAT or 3 ATG, 3 Sdfz 7 1 Supply Company 4 Truck Note SPAT can be Jagd Panzer 1 (1941-43), Marder 2 (late 1942), Elefant (early 1943), Jagd Panzer 4 or (late 1943), Nashorn (early 1944), Jagd Panther (from August 1944) or Jagd Tigers (from December 1944). Battalions equipped with Jagd Panther were always short of such vehicles, so up to two-thirds of such battalion maybe equipped with JP4 instead. Jagd Tiger battalions have only two fighting companies and served on the West Front only. Towed battalions were 75ATG until November 1944 then 88ATG. In 1944 there were 23 such battalions and at least one per Corps would be available in an active or threatened sector. On average 3 (1 Nashorn, 1 towed 75mm and 1 Elefant) served in Italy, 14 served on the East Front (8 towed 88mm, 2 towed 75mm, 1 Nashorn, 4 JP5), 1 in Norway and the remainder on the West Front (1 Nashorn (later JP6), 3 JP5, 1 JP6). All towed 88 battalions served on the East Front only. The battalion in Norway had a mixture of 75mm and 50mm anti-tank guns and no self-propelled guns. There were only 2 battalions of Elefants were ever formed in 1943 for the Kursk offensive and only 1 battalion

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available after October 1943 that survived the debacle of Operation Citadel. Elefants served on Italian Front in 1944 and West Front in April 1945 in independent companies may have officially still part of 654th Battalion. There was one company of Elefant attached to 3rd Parachute Division during Ardennes Campaign. Below is a condensed table of these battalions and their service in the early, middle and late periods of the last eighteen months of the war showing their main equipment and theatre of action (In all cases E means East Front, I means Italian Front, W means West Front and N means Norway and Northern Finland): Separate Heavy Anti-Tank Battalions 1944-5 Early Front Middle Front Late Nashorn E Nashorn E Nashorn Nashorn E Nashorn E Nashorn Towed N Towed N Towed JP4 E JP4 W JP6 Nashorn I JP5 W JP5 Nashorn E JP5 I JP5 Marder 2 E JP5 W JP5 Nashorn E JP5 E JP5 Towed 75 E Towed 75 E Towed 75 Towed 75 E Towed 75 E Towed 75 Towed 75 I Towed 75 I Towed 75 Marder 2 E Hertzer E Hertzer Elefant I JP6 I JP6 JP5 E JP5 W JP5 Nashorn E JP5 I/E JP5 Towed 88 E Towed 88 E Towed 88 Towed 88 E Towed 88 E Towed 88 Towed 88 E Towed 88 E Towed 88 Towed 88 E Towed 88 E Towed 88 Towed 88 E Towed 88 E Towed 88 Towed 88 E Towed 88 E Towed 88 Towed 88 E Towed 88 E Towed 88 Towed 88 E Towed 88 E Towed 88

Unit 88 93 463 512 519 525 559 560 561 563 564 616 653 654 655 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668

Front E W N W W I W W E E I E W W W E E E E E E E E

9 AP German Infantry Division Reconnaissance Battalion 1938 to 1944 Headquarters 1 VW, 1 CP, 1 222, 1 Wagon 1 Recce Squadron 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 1 Recce Company 3 Rifle, 3 Bicycle 1 Heavy Company 1 75IG, 1 81M, 1 37ATG, 2 Limber Note In September 1944 this was reduced to a large company consisting of 1 222, 3 Rifle, 1 81M, 4 Bicycle and called

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the Volksgrenadier Divisional Fusilier Company, see below. 9 AQ German Panzer/Motorized Division Reconnaissance Battalion 1938 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck 2 Recce Companies each 1 231/8 (or 231/6 to 1941), 3 222 1 Motorcycle Company 3 SMG, 3 Motorcycle 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Truck 1 Cannon Platoon 1 75IG, 1 Truck 9 AR German Panzer Division Reconnaissance Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 HT, 1 CP, 1 234/3, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck 1 Headquarters Company 3 234/4 (added 1944) 1 Armoured Car Company 3 234/1, 1 234/2 1 Armoured Recce Company 3 SMG, 3 HT 1 Heavy Company 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1Truck 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 75ATG, 1 Truck 1 Cannon Platoon 1 75IG, 1 Truck 1 Com Engr Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 HT Note May replace Armoured Car Coy with another Recce Coy. In 1943 the Recce Coy could still be a Motorcycle Coy. The 234/1 maybe replaced by 250/9. In 1943 use 231/8 in place of 234/1, 2, 3. VW or swimmwagen or Staff Car often replaced half-track and even the armoured cars on occasion. Usual organization was 1 armoured recce companies and 1 armoured car company of mixed armoured car types. 234/2 and 234/4 armoured cars were often used in anti tank platoon. Headquarters company is found only in full strength elite units, therefore treat as theory not practice. Almost any type of armoured car could be found in these units in 1944 but the same type would equip one battalion. 9 AS German Panzer Grenadier Reconnaissance Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck 1 Armoured Car Company 1 231/8, 3 222 2 Recce Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Motorcycle 1 Heavy Company 1 Cannon Platoon 1 75IG, 1 Truck 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 75ATG, 1 Truck 1 Com Engr Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 Truck Note From October 1944 replace Motorcycle with V/W, Swimmiwagen or Staff Car, these can be mixed in one battalion. 2nd Parachute Corps had one battalion as a GHQ unit, it had the organization above without the armoured car company and replace motorcycles with kubelwagens or civilian cars.

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9 AT German Volksgrenadier Divisional Fusilier Company 1944 to 1945 1 222, 2 Rifle, 1 SMG, 1 81M, 1 Pz S, 5 Bicycle 9 AU German Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1939 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 1 20AAQG, 1 Limber 3 Light Battalions each 3 105H, 4 CP, 3 OP, 3 Wagon, 3 Limbers, 3 VW 1 Heavy Battalion 3 150H, 4 CP, 3 OP, 3 Wagon, 3 Limbers, 3 VW Note Battalions may be fielded individually. Mountain Infantry Divisions have 4 light battalions of 75H. After December 1943 delete one battery from each light battalion as part of the re-org to the 1944 Infantry Division. In some Divisions after 1943 Russian 122H Howitzers were used, similarly 25pdr and US or French 105H or French 75H can be substituted. If an SS unit, add a battalion of 170H (this is theory not practice. In practice add a battery). If SS mountain, add another battalion of 75H instead. 9 AV German Cavalry Division Artillery Regiment 1939 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Light Battalions each 3 105H, 4 CP, 3 OP, 3 Wagon, 3 Limbers, 3 Horse 1 Recoilless Gun Battalion 3 75RR, 4 CP, 3 OP, 3 Wagon, 3 Limbers, 3 Horse 1 Heavy Mortar Company 2 120M, 4 Wagons, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 Horse Note Battalions may be fielded individually. 9 AW German Panzer or Motorized Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 2 20AAQG, 3 Truck 2 Light Battalions each 3 105H, 4 CP, 3 OP, 6 Truck, 7 VW 1 Heavy Battalion 3 150H, 4 CP, 3 OP, 6 Truck, 7 VW Note Optional to upgrade one light battalion with Wespe in 1942. 9 AX German Panzer or Motorized Division Artillery Regiment 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 2 20AAQG, 2 Truck 2 Light Battalion 2 105H, 3 CP, 2 OP, 4 Truck, 3 VW, 2 HT 1 Heavy Battalion 2 150H, 3 CP, 2 OP, 4 Truck, 3 VW, 2 HT 1 Armoured Battalion 2 Wespe, 1 Hummel, 3 OP, 3 CP, 6 HT Note Battalions may be fielded individually. A second light battalion frequently replaced the Armoured Battalion. If SS, add a Nebelwerfer battalion (sometimes selfpropelled) and a 170H battalion (although a battery was often only available). 9 AY German Parachute Division Artillery Regiment 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 2 20AAQG, 3 Truck 3 Light Battalions each 3 105H, 4 CP, 3 OP, 6 Truck, 7 VW 1 Heavy Battalion 3 150H, 4 CP, 3 OP, 6 Truck, 7 VW 9 AZ German Nebelwefer Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck

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2 Light Battalions each 1 Heavy Battalion Note 3 NW, 4 CP, 4 VW, 6 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck 3 Mauliter, 4 CP, 4 HT, 3 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck Normally only used as single battalions; several brigades were massed for use in the Ardennes in 1944. Brigades have 2-4 regiments.

9 BA German Parachute Division Mortar Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VW, 1 20AAQG, 1 Truck 3 Mortar Batteries each 2 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 2 V/W 9 BB German Assault Gun Battalion 1939 to 1942 Headquarters 1 StuG3e, 1 AAHT, 1 Truck 3 Assault Gun Batteries each 1 StuG3e Note Between 1940 and 1943 the following 69 battalions and 10 independent batteries were raised: Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 184-185 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 185 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 189-192 Sturmartillerie Ersatz Abtreilung 200 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 200-204 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 209-210 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 226 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 228 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 232 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 236-237 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 239 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 242-245 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 247 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 249 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 259 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 261 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 270 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 276-281 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 286-287 Sturmartillerie Erastz Abtreilung 300 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 300-301 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 303 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 311 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 322 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 325 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 333 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 341 Sturmartillerie Batterie 352-353 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 393 Sturmartillerie Erastz Abtreilung 400 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 428 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung zVB 600 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 600 Sturmartillerie Erastz und Aus Abtreilung 600

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Sturmartillerie Batterie 640 Sturmartillerie Batterie 659-660 Sturmartillerie Batterie 665-667 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 667 Sturmartillerie Erastz Abtreilung 700 Sturmartillerie Batterie 741-742 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 902 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 904-905 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 907-909 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 911-913 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 915-916 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 918 Sturmartillerie Abtreilung GD SS Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 1-3 SS Sturmartillerie Abtreilung 105 (5 SS Corps) 9 BC German Assault Gun Battalion 1943 to Jan 1944 Headquarters 1 StuG3g, 1 AAHT, 1 Truck 2 Assault Gun Batteries each 1 StuG3g 1 Support Battery 1 StuG42 Note In late 1943 a support battery was added. 9 BD German Sturm Gun Battalion Feb 1944 to June 1944 Headquarters 1 Stug 3g, 1 CP, 1 HT, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AAHT SMG Company 3 SMG, 1 Pz S, 1 81M, 4 HT 2 Assault Gun Batteries each 2 StuG3g 1 Support Battery 2 StuG42 Note In early 1944 additional Stugs and an escort company was added and these units were re-designated Sturm Gun Battalions. 9 BE German Sturm Gun Brigade July 1944 to 1945 Headquarters 1 Stug 3g, 1 CP, 1 HT, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AAHT SMG Company 3 SMG, 1 Pz S, 1 81M, 4 HT 3 Assault Gun Batteries each 3 StuG3g 1 Support Battery 3 StuG42 Note Additional Stugs were added again and these units were again re-designated as Sturm Gun Brigades. Between 1944 and 1945 the following 69 brigades were formed (Most were formed from surviving assault gun battalions): Sturmartillerie brigade Lehr 111 Sturmartillerie brigade177 Sturmartillerie brigade184-185 Sturmartillerie brigade189-191 Sturmartillerie brigade197 Sturmartillerie brigade 200-203 Sturmartillerie brigade 209-210 Sturmartillerie brigade 226 Sturmartillerie brigade 228

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Sturmartillerie brigade 232 Sturmartillerie brigade 236-237 Sturmartillerie brigade 239 Sturmartillerie brigade 242-245 Sturmartillerie brigade 249 Sturmartillerie brigade 259 Sturmartillerie brigade 261 Sturmartillerie brigade 270 Sturmartillerie brigade 276-281 Sturmartillerie brigade 286-287 Sturmartillerie brigade 300-303 Sturmartillerie brigade 311 Sturmartillerie brigade 322 Sturmartillerie brigade 325 Sturmartillerie brigade 333 Sturmartillerie brigade 341 Sturmartillerie brigade393-398 Sturmartillerie brigade 600 Sturmartillerie brigade 667 Sturmartillerie brigade 901-902 Sturmartillerie brigade 904-905 Sturmartillerie brigade 907 Sturmartillerie brigade 909 Sturmartillerie brigade 911-912 Sturmartillerie brigade 920 Sturmartillerie brigade 1170 Sturmartillerie brigade 1180 Sturmartillerie brigade GD SS Sturmartillerie brigade 1-3 LW Sturmartillerie brigade 1 LW Sturmartillerie brigade 11 LW Sturmartillerie brigade 111 FJ Sturmartillerie brigade 2 FJ Sturmartillerie brigade 12 FJ Sturmartillerie brigade 121 FJ Sturmartillerie brigade 21 FJ Sturmartillerie brigade 210 FJ Sturmartillerie brigade Schmitz 9 BF German Corps Heavy Sturm Gun Battalion 1944-45 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 V/W, 1 Truck 2 Sturm Batteries each 2 Sturmtiger or Brummbar 1 Supply Company 4 Truck Note Little information is available on service. There were sufficient equipments for three battalions at any one time available. The 216th and 1 Company/218 served on the Eastern Front and the 217th and 2 Company/218 served on the West Front. All three units were equipped with the Brummbar. Two independent Wehrmacht Sturm Tiger

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companies (1000th and 1001st Sturm Mortar Companies) were also available on the East Front for the Warsaw Uprising in Poland and on the Western Front from November 1944. There is rumoured to be one SS battalion (SS/101 Sturm Mortar Battalion) equipped in late 1944 with Brummbar. I would suggest these SS units served in 6 SS Panzer Army with the batteries divided up amoungst the I or II SS Panzer Corps. 9 BG German Anti-Aircraft Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Bty each 4 88AAG, 4 Sdfz 7 1 Light Anti-Aircraft Battery 4 20AAQG, 4 Truck 9 BH German Anti Aircraft Regiment (has 4 battalions and is a Corps asset) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 9 BI German Anti-Aircraft Division (sometimes called a Corps) (has 3 (Division) – 4 (Corps) regiments and is an Army or Army Group asset that is operationally under control but administratively under the Luftwaffe) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 9 BJ German Engineer Battalion 1941 Headquarters 3 Engineer Companies each 1 Bridging Company 1 Heavy Company 1 Armoured Engineer Coy Note to 1945 1 CP, 1 VW, 1 222, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 AA Truck 3 Combat Engr, 3 Trucks 3 Const Engr, 1 Tank (Panzer Divisions only) or Truck Bridge, 4 Trucks 1 81M, 1 150IG, 1 50ATG, 3 Trucks 3 Flamm Pz (not in Inf Div) Germans often used this unit as infantry in a reserve defensive position detaching the bridging assets and armoured engineers to division Headquarters. A very small number of these units had an armoured bridging company with Pz 4 AVLB instead of trucks carrying the bridges, such units were probably Corps assets.

9 BK German Horse Cavalry Regiment 1939-45 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon Regt Weapons Company 1 150IG, 1 37ATG, 2 Limber 2 Cavalry Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Cavalry Coy each 3 Rifle, 1 MG, 4 Horse Machinegun Company 3 MG, 3 Horse Weapons Company 3 81M, 3 Wagon Note There were never more than three divisions of cavalry available to the Germans (plus two SS cavalry divisions) throughout the war. None were used on the Italian or Western Fronts. By late 1944 all cavalry divisions should be re-rated as brigades (there was only one army unit, two

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SS units and three Russia Free Corps units all of which served on the Southern part of the Eastern Front). 9 BL German Demonstration Brigade 900 1941 to 1943 (Commands 2 1941 Panzer Grenadier Battalions, numbers 901 and 902) Headquarters 1 CP, 1V/W, 1 Truck, 1 Scout, 1 M/C Engineer Company 2 Com Engr, 1 Const Engr, 1 Tank Bridge, 4 Truck Anti-Tank Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 V/W, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Bty ea 2 AAHT 3 Anti Tank Coy each 2 50ATG, 2 Truck Note This is one infantry part of the forerunner to the Panzer Lehr Division. It fought on the East Front in 1941 and served in France 1942 to 1943 as a training and replacement unit until upgraded to Division status. Add Panzer Battalion (Pzkfw 3N) numbered “130” (Panzer forerunner of the Panzer Lehr Division) in late 1942. Large Units: Infantry Division 1939 – 3 Infantry Regiments (3 Battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Infantry Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Air Landing Infantry Division 1940-44 – 2 Infantry Regiments (2 Battalions each), 1 Parachute Regiment (3 battalions), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Infantry Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (one of these divisions was in Normandy during D Day) Mountain Infantry Division 1939-44 – 3 Mountain Infantry Regiments (3 Battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment (all 75mm Howitzers), 1 Infantry Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion (37mm, 28mm or 50mm Anti Tank Guns), 1 Engineer Battalion (all transport is wagon or pack horse or horse) Infantry Division 1944 – 3 Infantry Regiments (2 Battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Infantry Battalion, 1 Fusilier Company, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 78th Sturm Infantry Division 1943-44 – 3 Sturm Infantry Regiments (1 Infantry Battalion and 1 105H Artillery Battalion each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Fusilier Company, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Jagd Panzer Battalion (Marder 2), 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 Mortar Battalion, 1 Assault Gun Battalion Static Infantry Division 1944 (Security Division) – 3 Static Infantry Regiments (2 Battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-tank Battalion Volksgrenadier Division (late 1944 to 1945) – 3 Volksgrenadier Regiments (2 Volksgrenadier Battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Volksgrenadier Fusilier Company, 1 Volksgrenadier Antitank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Luftwaffe Field Division – 2 Luftwaffe Infantry Regiments (3 Luftwaffe Battalions each), 1 Artillery

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Regiment (only 2 Light Battalions), 1 Fusilier Company (as per the Volksgrenadier Fusilier Company but no armoured car), 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Parachute Infantry Division – 3 Parachute Infantry Regiments (3 Battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Infantry Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Assault Gun Battalion, 1 Mortar Battalion (SPECIAL NOTE: only the first 3 divisions (1st , 2nd, 3rd) are motorized delete all infantry transport and assault gun battalions from the divisions with numbers higher than 3) SS Infantry (Waffen Grenadier der SS) Division (after 1943) – 3 Infantry Regiments (3 battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Infantry Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Motorized Infantry Division (until 1943) – 3 Motorized Infantry Regiments (3 motorized infantry battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Light Division 1939-41 – 1 Panzer Regiment, 1 Motorized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Panzer Division 1939 – 2 Panzer Regiments, 1 Motorized Infantry Regiment, 1 Motorcycle Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Panzer Division 1941 – 1 Panzer Regiment, 2 Panzer Grenadier Regiments (two battalions each), 1 Motorcycle Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Panzer Division 1943 – 1 Panzer Regiment, 1 Panzer Grenadier Regiment (2 Battalions each), 1 Motorized Grenadier Regiment (2 Battalions each), 1 Panzer Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Panzer Division 1945 – 1 Panzer Regiment (1 Panther Battalion, 1 Panzer Grenadier Battalion), 2 1944 Infantry Regiments (2 Infantry Battalions each), 1 Panzer Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Panzer Lehr Panzer Division 1944-45 – 1 Panzer Lehr Panzer Regiment, 2 Panzer Grenadier Regiments (3 Battalions each), 1 Panzer Artillery Regiment (including 1 Self Propelled Nebelwerfer Battalion), 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Assault Gun Battalion (This organization should be used for the Greater Germany Panzer Division but with a standard Panzer Regiment of one battalion each Pz4h, Panther and Tiger 1) Herman Goering Panzer Division 1943-45 – 1 Panzer Regiment, 2 Panzer Grenadier Regiments (3 Battalions each), 1 Panzer Artillery Regiment (including 1 Self Propelled Nebelwerfer Battalion), 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment (2 Anti Aircraft Battalions, 1 Motorized Grenadier Battalion), 1 Assault Gun Battalion (This organization should be used for the 1st Herman Goering Panzer Division and 2nd Herman Goering Panzer Grenadier Division (with one panzer battalion only in Herman Goering Panzer Grenadier

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Division) SS Panzer (Panzertruppen der SS) Division 1943 (from September 1943) – 1 Panzer Regiment (1 battalion each of Panthers, Pz4h, Tiger), 2 Panzer Grenadier Regiments (3 Battalions each), 1 Panzer Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Assault Gun Battalion Panzer Grenadier Division 1943 – 1 Panzer Battalion (Assault Gun battalion in 1945), 2 Motorized Grenadier Regiments (2 Battalions each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion SS Panzer Grenadier (Panzer Grenadier der SS) Division 1943 – 1 Panzer Battalion, 2 Panzer Grenadier Regiments (3 Battalions each), 1 Panzer Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Assault Gun Battalion 18th Artillery Division (1943-44 East Front) – 1 Panzer Artillery Regiment, 1 Heavy Artillery Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment (Motorized), 1 Observer Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Company (75mm), 1 Engineer Battalion (no bridging assets), 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion Cavalry Division 1939-43 – 3 Cavalry Regiments, 1 Cavalry Artillery Regiment, 1 Infantry Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Company Brigades – The Germans considered Brigades to be ad hoc units composed of numerous companies reporting to a Headquarters, very often they are referred to as an “ALARM UNIT” with the last name of the commander, such as ALARM UNIT Schiller. For example a Panzer Brigade in August 1944 consisted of a Headquarters, 2 to 4 Panzer Companies, 2 to 4 Panzer Grenadier Companies, A Panzer Jager Company or two, a few mortar or artillery batteries and an Anti-Aircraft battery. Cavalry Brigade 1944-45 – 2 Cavalry Regiments, 1 Cavalry Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Recce Battalion (frequently not available), 1 Anti-tank Battalion (older weapons), 1 Engineer Company (these brigades sent more time fighting partisans than regular troops) Parachute Brigade Ramke 1942 Africa – 4 Parachute Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion (105mm), 1 Anti Tank Company (28mm), 1 Engineer Company (this unit had no infantry transport and borrowed transport from the Afrika Corps Flak Battalions after they were positioned).

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10 Hungarian Army One of Germany’s allies in 1941 to early 1945 when it went over the Soviets after an armistice. The formations given here cover the later period; in 1941 the army assisted in the invasion of Yugoslavia, and supplied a small group of Mechanized Cavalry to the German invasion in 1941, withdrawn by November of that year. In 1942 and 1943 it supplied one army consisting of 3 Infantry Corps and the Hungarian 1st Armoured Division. This force was destroyed, and no further action was undertaken until January 1944. There appears to have been little change in organization in this period. When Hungary surrendered in 1945 its forces were reorganized on Russian lines, and given Russian equipment. Hungarian Equipment Toldi Turan I Turan II Nimrod Zrinyi II 39 M Casba

as a Pz2 as a Pz38 as a Pz4d as a AA HT as a Stug42 as a 222 A/C

10 A Hungarian Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1942 to 1945 (With 3 Battalions in Infantry, and 2 In Motorized Regiment) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Wagon, 1 ARV 1 Anti Tank Company 4 37ATG, 4 Limber 1 Mortar Company 2 81M, 2 Trucks 1 Assault Gun Company 2 StuG3g (In Motorized Regiments from 1944) Note 50 ATG may be used by any formation in 1944, and trucks must be used. 10 B Hungarian Infantry or Motorized Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1/2 Company 1/2 Company Note Infantry Battalion 1942 to 1945 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Rifle 1 MG 1 MG Motorized adds 11 Trucks

10 C Hungarian Tank Regiment Headquarters 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 10 D Hungarian Tank Battalion 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 Pz38, 1 Truck 2 Light Tank Companies each 3 Pz3j 2 Heavy Tank Companies ea 3 Pz4g 10 E Hungarian Armoured Anti Aircraft Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 AA Truck 10 F Hungarian Artillery Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Staff Car, 1 ARV

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2 Light Batteries each 1 Medium Battery 1 Anti Aircraft Battery 1 Anti Tank Battery 1 75H, 2 Truck 1 105H, 2 Trucks 2 40AAG, 2 Truck 2 50ATG, 2 Truck

10 G Hungarian Infantry Division Recce Battalion 1942 to 1944 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 222 10 H Hungarian Armoured Division Recce Battalion 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 1 Infantry Company 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 Armoured Car Company 3 222 Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 75mm Battalions), 1 Engineer Company, 1 Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Division – 2 Armoured Regiments, 1 Motorised Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Reconnaissance Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion

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11 Royal and Post 1943 Fascist Italian Army The least well prepared of the major powers in Europe, the Italians have unfairly become the butt of many jokes. Much of the equipment was elderly, particularly the artillery, whilst the tanks tended to be a generation behind those of their enemies. The individual soldier was highly trained in battlecraft but morale suffered because of the lack shared danger between officer and men. The bulk of the army fought in North Africa and was effectively destroyed by May 1943. The Army supplied to the Eastern Front ceased to exist in the counterattack following Stalingrad. Only 2 armoured divisions were committed to action, in North Africa, there were some 6 more held back in Italy. Fascists units retained the organizations shown after 1943; those fighting on the Allied side used American organization, with mostly American equipment, although some British weapons were supplied. 11 A Italian Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1938 to 1943 (Commands 2 or 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 1 Mortar Company 2 81M 1 Cannon Company 2 65IG, 2 Limber 11 B Italian Parachute Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1938 to 1943 (Commands 2 or 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 1 Anti Tank Company 2 47ATG, 2 Truck 11 C Italian Fascist “Black Shirt” Infantry Legion Headquarters 1938 to 1943 (Commands 2 Cohorts) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 11 D Italian Bersiglerli Regiment Headquarters 1938 to 1943 (Commands 2 Battalions + Close Support Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 1 Motorcycle Company 3 Rifle, 3 Motorcycle 1 Close Support Battalion 3 Anti Tank Coy each 2 47ATG, 2 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Coy 2 20AAG, 2 Trucks 11 E Italian Infantry Battalion 1938 to Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Machinegun Company 1943 1 CP 3 Rifle 2 MG, 2 45M

11 F Italian Parachute Infantry Battalion 1938 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 SMG 1 Machinegun Company 2 MG 11 G Italian Bersiglerli Battalion 1938 Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Machinegun Company to 1943 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Rifle (Elite Type), 1 45M, 4 Truck 3 MG, 3 Truck

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11 H Italian Fascist “Black Shirt” Infantry Cohort Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle (EliteType), 1 45M, 4 Truck 1 Machinegun Company 2 MG, 2 Truck 1 Mortar Battery 2 81M, 2 Truck 1 Anti Tank Company 1 47ATG, 1 Truck 11 I Italian North African Police Battalion 1938 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle (Elite Type), 3 M/C 1 Armoured Car Company 3 AB40 11 J Italian Tank Regiment 1938 to 1943 (Initially 1 Medium Battalion, up to 4 Light Battalions, later 3 Medium Battalions under command) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 1 Anti Aircraft Company 2 20AAG, 2 Truck 11 K Italian Medium Tank Battalion 1939 to 1943 Headquarters 1 M11/39, 1 Truck 3 Tank Companies each 3 M11/39 or M13/40 or M15/42 Note M11/39 was used until December 1940, M13/40 from December 1940 to 1943, and M15/42 in 1943, on Sicily only. 11 L Italian Light Tank Battalion 1938 Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each Note 11 M Italian Armoured Division Close Headquarters 1 Recce Company 2 Anti Tank Companies each Note to 1942 1 L3/33, 1 Truck 3 L3/33 Infantry Divisions in Russia had one of these attached Support Battalion 1941 to 1943 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 AB 40 2 47ATG, 2 Truck, 2 Semovente 75 An Infantry Division has two Anti Tank Company, with no recce company.

11 N Italian Semovente Battalion 1941 to 1943 Headquarters 1 Semovente 75 or 105 2 Assault Gun Batteries each 2 Semovente 75 or 105 11 O Italian Parachute Heavy Support Battalion 1941 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP 2 Anti Tank Companies each 2 20ATG 2 Machinegun Companies ea 2 MG 1 Combat Engineer Company 2 Combat Engr 11 P Italian Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1943 (Infantry Division has 2 of these officially, but many had only one)

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Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Light Battalions each 3 75H, 1 OP, 4 CP, 3 Wagon, 6 Limber 1 Medium Battalion 3 105H, 4 CP, 1OP, 3 Wagon, 6 Limber 2 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 20AAG, 2 Limber Note Individual Battalions may be fielded. Second anti aircraft company applies in North Africa only. 11 Q Italian Armoured Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Light Battalions each 3 75H, 4 CP, 1OP, 11 Trucks 1 Medium Battalion 3 105H, 4 CP, 1OP, 11 Trucks 4 Light Anti Aircraft Bty each 2 20AAG, 2 Truck 1 Heavy Anti Aircraft Battery 2 90AAG, 2 Truck Note Individual Battalions may be fielded 11 R Italian Parachute Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 Anti Tank Battalions each 4 47ATG, 4 Trucks 1 Medium Battalion 3 105H, 4 CP, 1OP, 11 Trucks 4 Light Anti Aircraft Bty each 2 20AAG, 2 Truck Note Individual Battalions may be fielded 11 S Italian Autocar Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1943 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Light Battalions each 3 Truck/65IG 4 CP, 1OP, 5 Staff Cars, 3 Trucks 1 Light Battery (independent) 1 Truck/65IG 1 CP, 1OP, 2 Staff Cars, 1 Truck 1 Medium Battery 3 Truck/100H 4 CP, 1OP, 5 Staff Cars, 3 Trucks 4 Light Anti Aircraft Bty each 2 Truck/20AAG Note There were only one of these units and it served with “RECAM” (see below). Large Units: Infantry Division – 2 or 3 Infantry Regiments, 2 Artillery Regiments, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Light Tank Battalion (Only in active threatres such as East Front and Africa), 1 Close Support Battalion (Infantry Divisions on the East Front had 2 Close Support Battalions with the recce companies)(Most Infantry Divisions on mainland Italy had only two Infantry Regiments those with a third regiment often had a two battalion “Blackshirt” Regiment) Parachute Infantry Division – 3 Parachute Infantry Regiments, 1 Parachute Artillery Regiment, 1 Parachute Heavy Support Battalion, and attached in the ground role 1 Motorized Artillery Regiment. Motorized Infantry Division – 2 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 2 Artillery Regiments, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Semovente Battalion, 1 Armoured Division Close Support Battalion Alpina Division – 3 Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 75mm Battalions), 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Close Support Battalion (Alpina Divisions on the East Front had 2 Close Support Battalions and 1 Light Tank Battalion)

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Armoured Division – 1 tank Regiment, 1 Bersaglieri Regiment, 1 Armoured Artillery Regiment, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Close Support Battalion, 1 Semovente Battalion RECAM (Raggruppamento Esplorante d’Armata Manovra or Corps Armoured Reconnaissance Regimental Group) – 1 Fascist “Black Shirt” Infantry Regiment (2 Battalions), 1 North African Police Battalion, 1 Light Tank Battalion, 1 Medium Tank Battalion, 1 Armoured Car Company (3 AB40), 1 Autocar Artillery Regiment. This unit was used on the Southern flank of the Panzer Army Afrika and was destroyed during the retreat to Tunisia.

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12 Japanese Army, Imperial Guard and Marines Of the major powers the Japanese were the most disorganized. Although there were official organizations for divisions they were most frequently not honoured in the breach. The major portion of the army was committed to main land China and Manchuria, and in 1939 was given a rude shock at the hands of the Russians. The Western Allies met the more lightly equipped, if extremely high morale forces. Contrary to popular belief this army was not a superior jungle fighting force but it was certainly not as road bound as the Western Allies – a very definite advantage! Only one or two armoured divisions were formed, and most armour acted as independent companies, or regiments. The First Armoured Division was held on mainland Japan throughout the war in case of invasion and was at full strength when it surrendered in 1945. 12 A Japanese Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1936 to 1945 (Has 3 Battalions if subordinated to a division, may have up to 6 if Independent) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 1 Regimental Cannon Battery 2 75H, 2 Limber 1 Mortar Company 2 81M 12 B Japanese Infantry Battalion 1936 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Wagon 3 or 4 Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company 1 MG 1 Cannon Platoon 1 70IG, 1 Limber 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Limber Note From 1943 may replace 37mm with 47mm. 12 C Japanese Motorized Regiment Headquarters 1936 to 1945 (Has 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 1 Regimental Cannon Battery 1 75H, 1 Wagon, 1 Limber 12 D Japanese Motorized Infantry Battalion 1936 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 Machinegun Company 1 MG, 1 Truck 1 Cannon Platoon 1 70IG, 1 Truck 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 37ATG, 1 Truck 12 E Japanese Tank Brigade Headquarters 1936 to 1945 (Commands 3 Tank Regiments) Headquarters 1 Type 97, 1 ARV 12 F Japanese Armoured Division Tank Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 Type 97, 1 Truck 4 Medium Tank Squadrons ea 4 Type 97 1 Light Tank Squadron 3 Type 95 Note This unit may be used independently, for a hypothetical invasion of Japan the tanks may be Type 3, but only 60 of these were produced. 12 G Japanese Armoured Division Reconnaissance Regiment 1942 to 1945

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Headquarters 2 Light Tank Squadrons each 1 Medium Tank Squadron 1 Anti Tank Squadron Note 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Type 95 3 Type 97 3 47ATG, 3 Truck It is possible that this unit was also equipped with the excellent M25 armoured car during the war in China and was probably used as a Corps Recce asset.

12 H Japanese Recce Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 1 Cavalry Company 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 2 Motorized Cavalry Coy each 2 Rifle, 1 MG, 1 37ATG, 4 Truck 1 Tankette Company 3 Type 95 1 Motorized Company 3 Rifle, 3 Truck, 1 M25 12 I Japanese Infantry Division Tank Regiment 1936 to 1945 Headquarters 1 Type 97, 1 Truck 2 Medium Tank Squadrons ea 4 Type 97 1 Light Tank Squadron 3 Type 95 Note The Light squadron may be used independently. 12 J Japanese Divisional Anti Tank Regiment 1936 to 1945 (Infantry use Horses and only in China) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Anti Tank Batteries each 3 37ATG, 3 Limber 12 K Japanese Infantry Divisional Artillery Regiment 1936 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Wagon 2 to 3 Artillery Battalions ea 3 75H, 4 CP, 1OP, 4 Wagon, 3 Limber Note 105mm can only be used in China. Battalions would normally be used independently. 12 L Japanese Armoured Divisional Artillery Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Staff Car 3 Artillery Batteries each 1 105H, 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 4 Truck Note 1 Battery may be used with 150H 12 M Japanese Cavalry Brigade 1936 Headquarters 2 Regiments Headquarters 3 Cavalry Sqn each 1 Machinegun Sqn 1 Anti Aircraft Company 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Artillery Battery 1 Light Tank Squadron Note to 1945 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Rifle, 2 Horse 1 MG, 1 Horse 2 20AAG, 2 Limber 3 37ATG, 3 Limber 1 75H, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Limber 3 Type 95 This brigade is a Corps asset but one regiment may be used with an Infantry Division as its recce unit.

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12 N Engineer Regiment Headquarters 3 Companies each Large Units: Infantry Division – 2 to 4 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Tank Regiment (not in all divisions), 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Armoured Division – 2 Tank Regiments, 1 Motorized Infantry Regiment, 1 Recce Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion Fortress Brigade – 1 Headquarters, 1 to 4 Artillery Battalions (105 to 150mm), 1 Mixed AntiAircraft/Anti-Tank Group (3 to 4 companies of each), 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Infantry Battalion

1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Com Engr

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13 Polish Army 1939 A much more effective army than the 1939 campaign has given credit for. It was largely an infantry force, with two motorized brigades, and a large cavalry arm. There were also several armoured trains. Despite rumours to the contrary Polish cavalry did not charge German tanks with lance. From 1940 the Poles in the West followed British organizations, and from 1942 in the East Russian ones. 13 A Polish Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1939 (Commands 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Wagon 1 Engineer Platoon 1 Combat Engr 1 Cannon Platoon 1 65IG, 1 Limber 13 B Polish Infantry Battalion 1939 Headquarters 3 Rifle Companies each 1 Machinegun Company Note:

2 CP, 1 OP, 2 81M, 1 37ATG, 3 Wagon, 1 Limber 3 Rifle 3 MG Motorized Battalion adds trucks, deletes ATG

13 C Polish Infantry Division Recce Battalion 1939 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 1 Cavalry Squadron 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 1 Cyclist Company 3 Rifle, 3 Bicycle 1 Light Tank Company 4 TKS 13 D Polish Motorized Brigade Headquarters 1939 (Commands 2 Tank Battalions, 1 Motorized Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 1 Anti Tank Company 3 37ATG, 3 Truck 13 E Polish Tank Battalion 1939 Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each Note

1 7TPJ, 1 Truck 3 7TPJ Only one battalion had R35, and these were not used in action. Independent Companies existed.

13 F Polish Cavalry Brigade Headquarters 1939 (Commands 3 or 4 Cavalry Regiments, and 1 Infantry Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 1 Horse Battery 1 75H, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse, 1 Wagon, 1 Limber 1 Cyclist Company 3 Rifle, 3 Bicycle 13 G Polish Cavalry Regiment 1939 Headquarters 4 Cavalry Squadrons each 1 Machinegun Squadron 1 Anti Tank Troop Note

1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 3 MG, 3 Horse 1 37ATG, 1 Limber All Polish cavalry units were officially rated as lancer units but they were supplied and trained as mounted infantry in

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addition to the lance. 13 H Polish Cavalry Brigade Recce Battalion (may also be used with a Mechanized Brigade) Headquarters 1 CP, Staff Car, 1 Truck 1 Armoured Car Squadron 3 WZ34 1 Light Tank Company 4 TKS 13 I Polish Anti Aircraft Battery 1939 4 40AAG, 2 Truck 13 J Polish Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1939 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Wagon 2 Light Artillery Battalions ea 3 75H, 3 Wagon, 3 CP, 3 Horse, 3 Limber 1 Medium Artillery Battalion 3 100H, 3 Wagon, 3 CP, 3 Horse, 3 Limber Note Heavy regiments had 105mm guns, or 155mm Howitzers; 155mm were in very short supply and an army may use no more than 1 Battalion. Motorized units replace the limbers and Wagons with Trucks. Motorized units have only the 2 Light battalions. Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battery, 1 Reece Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Machinegun Company

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14 Soviet Red Army 1938 to 1945 The Russian army and its disadvantages and advantages are by now well known. Much of the artillery fired over open sights rather than using indirect fire more normal in the other major armies. This caused heavy losses to the guns. The direct fire doctrine was reinforced by the appearance of assault artillery such as the SU-122, SU-152, and ISU-152. All units in this section are platoonsized. 14 A Soviet Rifle Regiment Headquarters 1938 to 1945 (Has 2, 3 or up to 4 Battalions, may have a Tank Battalion or more likely a SU76 battalion from 1943 while on the attack) Headquarters 1 CP 1 Cannon Company 2 76IG, 2 Wagons 1 Mortar Company 1 120M, 1 Wagon 1 Anti Tank Company 2 45ATG, 2 Limber 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 12.7AAG, 2 Wagon Note For a Motorized Division Headquarters replaces Wagon/Limber with Truck and adds 1 ARV and staff car 14 B Soviet Guards Rifle Regiment Headquarters 1941 to 1945 (Has 2, 3 or 4 Battalions, may have a Tank Battalion from 1942 while on the attack) Headquarters 1 CP 1 Cannon Company 2 122IG, 2 Wagons 1 Mortar Company 2 120M, 1 Wagon 1 Anti Tank Company 2 57ATG, 2 Limber 1 Anti Aircraft Company 2 12.7AAG, 2 Wagon Note For a Motorized Division Headquarters replaces Wagon with Truck and adds 1 ARV 14 C Soviet Border Guards Regiment Headquarters 1938 to 1945 (Has 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Combat Engr, 1 SMG 1 Anti Tank Company 2 45ATG, 2 Limber 14 D Soviet NKVD Regiment Headquarters 1938 to 1945 (Has 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Combat Engr, 1 SMG 1 Anti Tank Company 2 45ATG, 2 Limber 14 E Soviet Mountain Regiment 1942 Headquarters 5 Rifle Companies each Mortar Company Engineer Company Infantry Anti Tank Company to 1945 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Pack Horse 3 Rifle 1 120M, 2 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Engineer 6 ATR, 1 45ATG, 1 Pack Horse

A note on Soviet Combat Brigades – Soviet brigades served on the ends of the Eastern Front. Most Rifle Brigades were formed from citizen militias in Leningrad and served on the Northern end of the Eastern Front. Naval Infantry brigades served with the fleet and fought along the coast of the Black Sea. Mountain Brigades served in the Casascus Mountains, in the Recapture of the Crimea and later in the Balkans.

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14 F Soviet Rifle Brigade (Typical) 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 4 Rifle Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 45ATG, 3 ATR, 2 Wagon, 1 Limber 3 Infantry Coy each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Coy 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 82M SMG Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 45ATG, 3 ATR, 2 Wagon, 1 Limber 3 Infantry Coy each 3 SMG 1 Machinegun Coy 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 82M Artillery Battalion 3 76H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 6 Wagon, 5 Horse Medium Mortar Battalion 3 82M, 1 OP, 1 Horse Support Battalion 2 45ATG, 1 76IG, 1 120M, 3 Limber, 1 Wagon 14 G Soviet Navy Infantry Brigade (Typical) 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 4 Rifle Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 45ATG, 3 ATR, 2 Wagon, 1 Limber 3 Infantry Coy each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Coy 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 82M SMG Company 3 SMG Artillery Battalion 3 76H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 11 Truck Engineer Battalion Headquarters 1 CP 3 Engineer coy each 3 Engineer Support Battalion 2 45ATG, 1 76IG, 1 120M, 3 Limber, 1 Wagon 14 H Soviet Parachute Brigade (Typical) 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Rifle Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 45ATG, 3 ATR, 2 Jeep 3 Infantry Coy each 3 Para 1 Machinegun Coy 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 82M SMG Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 57ATG, 3 ATR, 2 Jeep 3 Infantry Coy each 3 SMG 1 Machinegun Coy 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 82M Medium Mortar Battalion 6 82M, 1 OP Machinegun/Artillery Bn 6 MG, 1 76ATG, 3 ATR, 1 Limber 14 I Soviet Mountain Brigade (Typical) 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Rifle Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 45ATG, 3 ATR, 2 Pack Horse

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3 Infantry Coy each 1 Machinegun Coy 1 Mortar Battery Support Battalion 3 Rifle 2 MG 2 82M 2 45ATG, 1 76IG, 1 120M, 3 Limber, 1 Wagon

14 J Soviet Guards Rifle Brigade (Typical) 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Rifle Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 57ATG, 3 ATR, 1 Wagon, 2 Limber 3 Infantry Coy each 3 Guards 1 Machinegun Coy 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 3 82M SMG Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 57ATG, 3 ATR, 1 Wagon, 2 Limber 3 Infantry Coy each 3 SMG 1 Machinegun Coy 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 3 82M Artillery Battalion 3 76H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 11 Truck Rocket Artillery Battalion 3 M13, 4 CP, 1 OP, 11 Truck Engineer Battalion Headquarters 1 CP 3 Engineer Coy each 3 Engineer Anti Tank Battalion 6 ATR, 2 45ATG, 2 Limber 14 K Soviet Rifle and Motorized Battalion 1938 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 45ATG, 3 ATR, 2 Wagon, 1 Limber 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 82M Note For a motorized battalion, replace the Wagons with Trucks and give Truck to the rifle units. Increase the strength of the anti-tank gun and Mortars to 4. This is a full strength unit; many battalions had lower strengths of support weapons. 14 L Soviet Guards Rifle Battalion 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 57ATG, 3 ATR, 2 Wagon, 1 Limber 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Guards 1 Machinegun Company 2 MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 82M Note For a motorized battalion, replace the Wagons with Trucks. Increase the strength of the anti tank gun and Mortars to four. This is a full strength unit; many battalions had lower strengths of support weapons. 14 M Soviet Border Guards Battalion Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Machinegun Platoon 1938 to 1945 1 CP, 3 ATR 3 Rifle 1 MG

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1 Mortar Platoon 1 82M

14 N Soviet NKVD Battalion 1938 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 3 ATR 3 Infantry Companies each 3 SMG 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG 1 Mortar Platoon 1 82M Note This unit is usually motorized but may not be used with army armoured units, this unit is used as a military police unit behind friendly lines shooting stragglers and hunting down enemy partisans. Such a unit in close proximity to army units will cause army units to fight harder and more fanatically. 14 O Soviet Tank Regiment Headquarters 1938 to1941 (Medium regiment has 1 Light and 2 Fast or 3 Medium battalions. Heavy regiment has 3 heavy battalions) Headquarters 1 BT7, 1 ARV 2 Recce Companies each 3 BA10 Note This formation was officially reorganized in 1940. The process was still in training and unfinished in 1941. There is some question whether brigade or regiment is the correct term as the Red Army at this point used these terms inter-changably. I use regiment to describe sub units of a tank or motorized division prior to 1942. I use brigade after 1941 and to describe non-divisional formations before 1942. 14 P Soviet Light Tank Battalion 1938 to 1941 Headquarters 1 T26 4 Companies each 3 T26 Note Rifle Divi sions had a Battalion of T26’s to 10/1941 but many were missing due to lack of fuel and spare parts. 14 Q Soviet Medium Tank Battalion 1941 Headquarters 1 T34 3 Medium Companies each 3 T34 Note Very few of these battalions in 1941 14 R Soviet Heavy Tank Battalion 1938 to 1941 Headquarters 1 KV1 3 Heavy Companies each 3 KV1 Note Use T28 or T35 prior to 1940. T28 and T35 are suitable replacements for KV1 14 S Soviet Fast Tank Battalion 1938 to 1941 Headquarters 1 BT7 2 Tank Companies each 3 BT7 1 Light Company 3 T26 Note T34a and KV1 tanks were available in limited quantities in

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1941. All four tank types may be mixed in one battalion in July and August 1941. Of the total available Soviet tank strength in June 1941, 30% was grounded for mechanical problems (mostly lacking spare parts), 20% lacked fuel and a further 5% broke down before moving into the assembly areas. Thus the average strength of battalion was at 45% of its normal complement and then it met German air interdiction. Tank strength issued is confusing as T26, BT7 and T34 (most unlikely) may be used in the medium battalions and regiments while T35, T28, T34 and KV1 were all used in the Heavy Tank Regiments. The following tank Divisions were available in the summer of 1941(the underlined units are historically accurate, the others are conjecture): 3rd Mechanized Corps 2nd Tank Division – 2 battalions of BT7/T26, 1 Battalion of KV1, 1 Company of T34a 5th Tank Division – 4 battalions of BT7/T26, 1 Company of T34a, 1 Company of KV1 12th Mechanized Corps 23rd Tank Division – 4 battalions of BT7/T26, 2 Company of KV1 28th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT7/T26, 1 Battalion of KV1 6th Mechanized Corps 4th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 7th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 11th Mechanized Corps 29th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 33rd Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 13th Mechanized Corps 27th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 31st Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 14th Mechanized Corps 22nd Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 30th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2

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battalions of T26 4th Mechanized Corps 8th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 32nd Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 2 battalions of T26 8th Mechanized Corps 12th Tank Division – 4 battalions of T34, 1 Battalion of KV1 34th Tank Division – 4 battalions of BT7/T26, 1 Battalion of T35 9th Mechanized Corps 20th Tank Division – 6 battalions of T26 35th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT/T26, 1 Battalion of T28, 1 Company of T34 15th Mechanized Corps 10th Tank Division – 3 battalions of T26, 1 Battalion of BT7, 1 Company of T34a, 2 battalions of T26 37th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT7, 1 Battalion of T26, 1 Company of KV1, 1 Company of T34a 22nd Mechanized Corps 19th Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT7, 1 Battalion of T28, 1 Company of KV1 41st Tank Division – 3 battalions of BT7, 1 Battalion of T34a, 1 Company of KV1, 1 battalions of T26 The above represents the nominal tank strength after leaving the assembly areas and when committed to battle. Remember that this tank strength must be divided across 1 medium tank regiment and 1 heavy tank regiment. One final note the third unit of a 1941 Mechanized Corps is a Motorized rifle Division. 14 T Soviet Tank Division Artillery Regiment 1938 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 2 Light Battalions each 3 76H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 11 Truck 1 Medium Battalion 3 122H, 4 CP, 1OP, 11 Truck 14 U Soviet Infantry Division Artillery Headquarters 2 Light Battalions each 1 Medium Battalion 1 Heavy Battalion Regiment 1938 to 1941 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 76H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 8 Wagon, 3 Limber 3 122H, 4 CP, 1OP, 8 Wagon, 3 Limber 3 152H, 4 CP, 1OP, 8 Wagon, 3 Limber

14 V Soviet Infantry Divisional Recce Battalion 1938 to 1942 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck

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1 SMG Company 1 Armoured Car Company Note 3 SMG, 3 Truck 3 BA10 Infantry Divisions had one of these. Many were missing.

14 W Soviet Independent Tank Brigade 1938 to 1941 Headquarters 1 T26, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Recce Company 3 BA10 3 Companies each 3 BT7 3 Companies each 3 T28 3 Companies each 3 T26 14 X Soviet Tank Brigade September SMG Battalion is added) Headquarters 2 Companies each 2 Companies each 1 Company 1941 to May 1942 (This unit counts as a Battalion unless 1 T34a, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 T34a 3 T26 3 KV1

14 Y Soviet Tank Brigade June 1942 to July 1943 (This unit counts as a Battalion unless SMG Battalion is added) Headquarters 1 T34a, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 T34a 1 Company 3 T70 1 Recce Company 3 SMG, 3 Motorcycle 14 Z Soviet Tank Brigade Headquarters July 1943 to May 1945 (3 Tank Battalions and 1 SMG Battalion) Headquarters 1 T34, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Recce Company 3 Recon, 3 Motorcycle, 2 BA10 1 Anti Aircraft Company 2 12.7AAG, 2 Truck 1 Engineer Company 3 Combat Engr, 3 Truck 1 Mortar Battery 1 120M, 1 Truck 1 Howitzer Battery 1 76H, 1 Truck Note T34/85 may be used from November 1943 14 AA Soviet Medium Tank Battalion July 1943 to May 1945 Headquarters 1 T34 2 Companies each 3 T34 Note T34/85 may be used from November 1943 14 AB Soviet Submachnegun Infantry Headquarters 3 SMG Companies each 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 Mortar Battery 1 Anti Tank Platoon Note Battalion September 1942 to May 1945 1 CP, 1 HT 3 SMG, 2 HT 1 MG, 1 HT 2 82M, 2 HT 1 45ATG, 3 ATR, 2 HT Attached to Heavy Tank and Heavy Self Propelled Anti Tank or Assault Regiments. SMG Companies in units attached to armoured units may ride on Tank Company (it

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was common practice not to issue transport to the infantry units so that they had to ride on the tanks and provide close in protection in the advance). 14 AC Soviet Tank Desant Battalion September 1942 to May 1945 Headquarters 1 CP 3 SMG Companies each 3 SMG, 1 ATR 1 Machinegun Platoon 1 MG 1 Mortar Platoon 1 82M Note This is the SMG Battalion of a Tank Brigade. This unit would ride the tanks of its brigade. 14 AD Soviet Tank Corps Reconnaissance Battalion November 1943 to May 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HT, 1 82M, 2 Truck 1 Armoured Infantry Coy 3 Recon, 3 HT 1 Motorcycle Company 3 Recon, 3 M/C 1 Armoured Car Company 3 BA64 1 Tank Company 3 T70 (1945 T34/76) 14 AE Soviet Mechanized Corps Motorcycle (Reconnaissance) Battalion November 1943 to May 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HT, 1 Truck, 1 BA64 2 Motorcycle Coy each 3 Recon, 3 M/C 1 Tank Company 3 T70 (1945 T34/76) 1 Mech Company 3 SMG, 3 HT, 1Inf AT 1 Support Company 1 57ATG, 1 82M, 2 Truck 14 AF Soviet Heavy Tank Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 BA64, 1 ARV 4 Tank Companies each 3 KV1 or KV 85 or ISII Note KV1 to 1943, KV 85 1943 to 1945, ISII from 1944. 14 AG Soviet Cavalry Division 1942 to 1945 (Actually a Brigade sized unit) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 2 Mortar Batteries each 1 120M, 1 Wagon 1 Recce Squadron 3 SMG, 3 Horse 1 Tank Company 3 T34 3 Regiments Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 4 Squadrons each 3 SMG, 3 Horse 1 Mortar Battery 2 81M, 2 Wagon 1 Howitzer Battery 1 76H, 1 Limbers, 1 Wagon 1 Anti Tank Platoon 1 45ATG, 1 Limber 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 12.7AAG, 1 Wagon 14 AH Soviet Engineer Battalion 1940 Headquarters 3 Engineer companies each Note to 1945 1 CP 3 Engineer Can be motorized in trucks or mechanized in half-tracks

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depending on what type of unit it is supporting. 14 AI Soviet Self Propelled Anti Tank Regiment 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 SU76 or SU85 or SU100, 1 BA64, 1 Truck 4 Batteries each 2 SU76 or SU85 or SU100 Note SU76 may be used from March 1943 SU85 may be used from September 1943 SU100 may be used from December 1944 SU76 does not have SMG battalions attached. 14 AJ Soviet Heavy Mechanized Artillery Regiment 1943 to 1945 Headquarters 1 SU152 or ISU152 or ISU122, 1 BA64, 1 Truck 4 Batteries each 2 SU152 or ISU152 or ISU122 Note ISU122 & 152 may be used from December 1944. Batteries may be used independently. 14 AK Soviet Motorized Anti Tank Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Battalions each 3 76H or 57ATG, 6 Trucks Note Battalions may be used independently. 14 AL Soviet Tank Corps or Infantry Division Artillery Regiment 1942 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Light Battalions each 3 76H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 6 Trucks (3 wagon and 3 Limber) 1 Medium Battalion 3 122H, 4 CP, 1 OP, 6 Trucks (3 wagon and 3 Limber) Note Trucks are compulsory for Tank Corps, and became common in infantry units as war progressed. 14 AM Soviet Rocket Launcher Regiment July 1941 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 4 Batteries each 2 M13, 4 CP, 1OP, 4 Staff Car, 4 Truck (or 2 Trucks and 2 BM13) 14 AN Soviet Anti Aircraft Regiment 1940 to 1945 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 4 Batteries each 2 37AAG or 85AAG or 130AAG, 2 Trucks 14 AO Soviet Heavy Mortar Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Battalions Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 3 Batteries each 3 120M, 1 CP, 1 Horse, 3 Wagons, 3 Limber 14 AP Soviet Medium Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 4 Batteries each 1 122H, 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagons, 1 Limber 14 AQ Soviet Heavy Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse

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4 Batteries each 1 152H, 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagons, 1 Limber

14 AR Soviet Super Heavy Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 4 Batteries each 1 203H, 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagons, 1 Limber 14 AS Soviet Mountain Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 4 Batteries each 1 76H, 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagons, 1 Limber Large Units: Rifle Division (1940- 45) – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Recce Battalion Motorized Rifle Division (1940 – 42) – 3 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Recce Battalion (many divisions had an independent Tank Brigade attached). Tank Division (1940-42) – 1 Medium Tank Regiment, 1 Heavy Tank Regiment, 1 Motorized Rifle Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion (Towed), 1 Recce Battalion Artillery Division - Independent artillery divisions had very varied composition. Light Brigades had 2 Regiments of 3 light battalions as above; these would be motorized. Howitzer Brigades had 2 Regiments of 2 Medium Battalions, with 122mm Howitzers, and 1 battalion of 152mm Gun Howitzers. Cannon Brigades could have 122mm, 152mm or 203mm weapons in 3 battalions. Rocket brigades could have 2 Regiments of 3 battalions. Air Aircraft Brigades could have 2 or 3 Regiments. Mortar brigades could have up to 4 battalions of 120mm mortars. Tank Corps (1943-45) – 3 Tank Brigades, 1 Mechanized Brigade, 1 Heavy Tank Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 2 Self-Propelled Gun Regiments, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment (Towed), 1 Recce Battalion Mechanized Corps (1943-45) – 1 Tank Brigade, 3 Mechanized Brigades, 1 Artillery Regiment, 2 Self-Propelled Gun Regiments, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment (Towed), 1 Recce Battalion Brigades – Engineer, Anti-Tank, Self-Propelled Gun, Artillery, and Anti-Aircraft have 3 to 4 regiments of 2 battalions each.

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15 Bulgarian Army Sharing a religion and a culture similar to old Russia it was a great territorial benefit to be part of the Axis. Bulgaria gained parts of Yugoslavia from its Axis relationship. A Bulgarian Army is a Corps sized unit of 3 Infantry Divisions, 1 Cavalry Division, 1 Army Artillery Regiment and a Tank Regiment (only if allotted from Army Group as Bulgaria had only 1 such unit). There was also a Royal Guards Motor Infantry Battalion guarding the King. The Anti Aircraft Battalions were allotted to the defense of major cities and there were 4 of them under an Anti Aircraft Regiment Headquarters. 15 A Bulgarian Infantry Regimental Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse Cannon Company 1 70IG, 1 37ATG, 2 Limber 15 B Bulgarian Infantry Battalion Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Machinegun Company

1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Rifle 2 MG

15 C Bulgarian Border Guard Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 15 D Bulgarian Motorized Infantry Regimental Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 15 E Bulgarian Motorized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 Machinegun Company 2 MG, 2 Truck 1 Cannon Company 1 70IG, 1 50M, 2 Trucks 15 F Bulgarian Cavalry Regimental Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Pack Horse 3 Sabre Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 1 Machinegun Squadron 2 MG, 2 Wagon 1 Cannon Troop 1 70IG, 1 Limber 15 G Bulgarian Independent Tank Regimental Headquarters (Commands 1 Motor Infantry Battalion, 1 Motor Field Artillery Battalion and 2 Tank Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Ca, 1 Truck Recce Company 3 Rifle, 3 M/C 15 H Bulgarian Tank Battalion Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each Note

1 Tank, 1 Truck 3 Tanks Tanks are R35 to 1942, then Pz 38t to 1944 then Pz 3N. When Bulgaria switched sides the Soviets re-equipped the tank units with captured German Panther tanks. These

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tanks served the Bulgaria army into 1955 in the reserve. 15 I Bulgarian Machinegun Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Pack Horse 3 Machinegun Companies ea 3 MG 15 J Bulgarian Infantry Division Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 1 Howitzer Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Batteries each 1 105H, 1 Limber, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 1 Field Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Field Batteries each 1 75H, 1 Limber, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 1 Mountain Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Mountain Bty each 1 77H, 1 Limber, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 15 K Bulgarian Cavalry Division Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 1 Field Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Field Batteries each 1 77H, 1 Limber, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 1 Horse Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Horse Arty Bty each 1 75H, 1 Limber, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 15 L Bulgarian Army Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Heavy Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Heavy Bty each 1 105H, 1 Limber, 1 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 15 M Bulgarian Anti-Aircraft Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Wagon 3 Anti Aircraft Coy each 2 20AAG, 2 Limber 15 N Bulgarian Independent Anti-Aircraft Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Wagon 2 Heavy AA Batteries each 2 88AAG, 2 Limber 2 Light AA Batteries each 2 20AAG, 2 Limber 15 O Bulgarian Infantry Recce Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 2 Recce Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 15 P Bulgarian Engineer Battalion Headquarters

1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon

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2 Engineer Companies each 1 Bridging Company Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Machinegun Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Recce Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment Cavalry Division – 1 Motorized Infantry Regiment, 2 Cavalry Brigades (of 2 Cavalry Regiments each), 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Tank Battalion (attached only when division is on the offensive) 3 Combat Engr 2 Const Engr, 1 Bridge, 2 Truck

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16 Rumanian Army The Rumanian Army made a significant but under-recognized contribution to the Axis war effort. They maintained 2 full armies in the field throughout the war, and maintained approximately 1.1 million combat troops at any one time. Whilst they are famous for being the weak link in the chain at Stalingrad, the troops themselves were well motivated and well lead but did as well as they could within the limitations of their equipment and logistic support. When they were provided with modern arms by Germany, they fought very well indeed, and the mobile (cavalry and armoured) formations and mountain units fought well consistently particularly during the counter attack to save the Rumanian Army at Stalingrad. The Rumanian Infantry Divisions were handicapped in mobile operations by their almost total dearth of motor transport, and in static operations by the lightweight of their artillery (the heaviest guns being 100mm howitzers of WW1 vintage, and the bulk were 75mm field guns) and they were quickly overrun by Soviet mobile units. Of all the Axis Satellites in the East, Rumania was on the Allied side in the First World War. This former relationship made the reason for joining the Axis side more of an imperative than for most Axis partners. Knowing that Germany and the USSR would sooner or later go at it, Rumania had to pick the winning side to survive. Unfortunately for Rumania she picked wrong. 16 A Rumanian Infantry Regimental Headquarters (Commands 3 battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse Engineer Company 3 Combat Engr, 1 FT Anti Tank Company 3 47ATG, 3 Limber Cavalry Squadron 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 16 B Rumanian Infantry Battalion Headquarters 3 Rifle Companies each 1 Machinegun Company

1 CP 1 60M, 3 Rifle 3 MG

16 C Rumanian Motorized Infantry Regimental Headquarters (Commands 2 battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Support Company 1 120M, 1 47ATG, 2 Truck Machinegun Company 3 MG, 3 Truck 16 D Rumanian Motorized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG, 3 Truck 16 E Rumanian Motorized Cavalry Regimental Headquarters (Commands 1 Motorized Cavalry Battalion and 1 Support Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 16 F Rumanian Motorized Cavalry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Rifle Squadrons each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 16 G Rumanian Support Battalion

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Headquarters Rifle Squadron Cannon Squadron 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 47ATG, 2 MG, 3 Truck

16 H Rumanian Mountain Infantry Regimental Headquarters (Commands 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Pack Horse Mortar Company 2 120M, 4 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horses 16 I Rumanian Mountain Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Pack Horse 3 Rifle Companies each 1 60M, 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG 1 Cannon Platoon 1 47IG Note Rumanian Mountain Infantry are very good and should be considered elite troops. 16 J Rumanian Cavalry Regimental Headquarters (Commands 1 Cavalry Battalion and 1 Support Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Pack Horse 16 K Rumanian Cavalry Battalion Headquarters 2 Sabre Squadrons each 1 Heavy Squadron

1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Pack Horse 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 1 81M, 1 MG, 1 47ATG, 2 Wagons, 1 Limber

16 L Rumanian Royal Tank Regimental Headquarters (Commands 2 Tank Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 16 M Rumanian Royal Tank Battalion Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each 1 Heavy Company Note

1 Tank, 1 Truck 3 Tank 3 PzJg1 Tanks are 1941 - R35, 1942 - Pz 35t, 1944 - Pz IVH. In 1944 the PzJg1 was replaced with StuG3

16 N Rumanian Infantry Division Light Recce Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Light Companies each 1 60M, 3 Rifle 1 Cavalry Sabre Squadron 3 Rifle, 3 Horse 16 O Rumanian Armoured Division Recce Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 2 Infantry Companies each 1 60M, 3 Rifle, 4 Trucks 1 Mechanized Company 2 251HT 1 Armoured Company 3 222 16 P Rumanian Infantry Division Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 1 Light Battalion

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Headquarters 2 Batteries each 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 Field Battalion Headquarters 2 Field Batteries each 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 CP, 1 Horse 1 100H, 1 Limber, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse, 1 Wagon 1 25AAG, 1 Limber 1 CP, 1 Horse 1 75H, 1 Limber, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse, 1 Wagon 1 25AAG, 1 Limber

16 Q Rumanian Motorized Infantry Division Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 1 Anti Tank Company 2 47ATG, 2 Truck 2 Howitzer Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Field Batteries each 1 100H, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Staff Car 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 25AAG, 1 Truck 1 Heavy Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Heavy Batteries ea 1 105H, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Staff Car 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 25AAG, 1 Truck 16 R Rumanian Cavalry Division Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Field Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Field Batteries each 1 75H, 1 Limber, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse, 1 Wagon 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 25AAG, 1 Limber 16 S Rumanian Corps Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Heavy Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse 2 Heavy Batteries ea 1 105H, 1 Limber, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse, 1 Wagon 1 Anti Aircraft Troop 1 25AAG, 1 Limber 16 T Rumanian Infantry Anti-Aircraft Company 2 25AAG, 2 Limber 16 U Rumanian Divisional Mortar Company 2 120M, 4 Wagon, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horses 16 V Rumanian Motorized Anti-Tank Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Light Companies each 2 47ATG, 2 Truck 1 Medium Company 2 50ATG, 2 Truck Heavy Company 2 75ATG, 2 Truck 16 W Rumanian Infantry Light Anti-Tank Company 3 47ATG, 3 Limber

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16 X Rumanian Infantry Heavy Anti-Tank Company 2 75ATG, 2 Limber 16 Y Rumanian Engineer Battalion Headquarters 3 Engineer Companies each 1 Engineer Support Company Note

1 CP, 1 Horse 3 Combat Engr 2 Const Engr, 1 Bridge, 3 Truck Motorized units have trucks and staff cars. Nonmotorized units do not have a support company.

Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 2 Artillery Regiments, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Light Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company, 1 Heavy Anti-Tank Company Mountain Division – 3 Mountain Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Recce Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Battalion Cavalry Division – 1 Cavalry Motor Regiment, 2 Horse Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Mortar Company, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company Motorized Cavalry Division – 3 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 2 Artillery Regiments, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Light Recce Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company, 1 Heavy AntiTank Company Cavalry Armoured Division – 1 Tank Regiment, 1 Reconnaissance Regiment (2 Battalions), 2 Motor Infantry Regiments, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Anti-Tank Battalion Armoured Division – 1 Royal Tank Regiment, 1 Tank Regiment, 2 Motor Infantry Regiments, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Recon Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Anti-Tank Battalion

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17 Greek Army This army had little chance to develop its own personality. A client state of the British Empire much of the equipment was British but the organization had a French influence. This army fought the Italians to a standstill then invaded Albania forcing Germany to conquer the Balkans to save the Italians. This resulted in a delay in the invasion of the USSR that saved Moscow and probably cost Germany the war, for that, we all owed a great debt to the Greek soldier. The Greek army did as best as it could but had little professionalism so it had little chance against the Germans. Equipment is a mixture of pre-war US, French and British. 17 A Greek Infantry Regimental Headquarters 1940 to 1941 (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse Weapons Company 1 81M, 1 65IG, 1 Limber 17 B Greek Motorized Infantry Regimental Headquarters 1940 to 1941 (Commands 1 Motorized Infantry Battalion and 1 Tank Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV 17 C Greek Cavalry Regimental Headquarters 1940 – 1941 (Commands 2 Cavalry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse Regimental MG Squadron 3 MG, 3 Wagon Regimental Mortar Squadron 1 81M, 1 Wagon 17 D Greek Motorized Cavalry Regimental Headquarters 1940 to 1941 (Commands 2 Motorized Cavalry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 ARV Regimental MG Squadron 3 MG, 3 Truck Regimental Mortar Squadron 1 81M, 1 Truck 17 E Greek Infantry Battalion 1940 – 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG 17 F Greek Motorized Infantry Battalion 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Trucks 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG, 3 Trucks 17 G Greek Cavalry Battalion 1940 – 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 2 Cavalry Squadrons each 4 Rifle, 4 Horse 17 H Greek Motorized Cavalry Battalion 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Motorized Cavalry Sqn each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 17 I Greek Tank Battalion 1940 – 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck

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1 Motorcycle Company 1 Tank Company 2 Carrier Companies each 2 Rifle, 2 M/C 2 L3 2 Bren

17 J Greek Infantry Divisional Recce Group 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 MG, 1 Wagon, 1 Horse 2 Recce Companies each 4 Rifle, 4 Horse 17 K Greek Motorized Infantry Divisional Recce Group 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Carrier Company 2 Bren 1 Rifle Company 3 Rifle, 3 Staff Cars 1 Machinegun Company 3 MG, 3 Trucks 17 L Greek Cavalry Divisional Recce Group 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 MG, 1 Wagon, 1 Horse 2 Recce Squadrons each 4 Rifle, 4 Horse 17 M Greek Corps Divisional Recce Group 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 MG, 2 Wagon, 1 Horse 2 Recce Squadrons each 4 Rifle, 4 Horse 1 Machinegun Squadron 3 MG, 3 Wagon 1 Mortar Troop 1 81M, 1 Wagon 17 N Greek Mounted Machinegun Group 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Horse, 1 Wagon 3 Mounted MG Squadrons ea 3 MG, 3 Wagon 1 Cavalry Squadron 4 Rifle, 4 Horse 17 O Greek Motorized Anti Aircraft Group 1940 to1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car, 1 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Battery 2 37AAG, 2 Truck 1 Anti Aircraft Battery 2 20AAG, 1 Truck 17 P Greek Motorized Artillery Group 1940 to 1941 2 75H, 1OP, 1 CP, 2 Staff Cars, 3 Trucks 17 Q Greek Motorized “English” Artillery Battery 1940 to 1941 2 Truck/75H 17 R Greek Artillery Regiment 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Light Groups Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Horse 2 Batteries each 1 75H, 1 Limber, 1 Wagon 1 Medium Group Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Horse 2 Batteries each 1 105H, 1 Limber, 1 Wagon

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17 S Greek Motorized Artillery Regiment 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Staff Car 2 Light Groups each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Staff Cars 2 Batteries each 1 75H, 2 Truck 1 Medium Group Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Staff Cars 2 Batteries each 1 105H, 2 Truck 17 T Greek Corps Artillery Battery 1940 to 1941 2 105H, 1OP, 1 CP, 2 Staff Cars, 2 Trucks 17 U Greek Frontier Sector 1940 to 1941 Headquarters 1 CP 3 Screening Companies each 3 Rifle 17 V Greek Anti Tank Company 1940 to 1941 2 47ATG, 2 Trucks 17 W Greek Anti Tank Rifle Company 1940 to 1941 1 20ATG, 1 Truck 17 X Greek Engineer Company 1940 to 1941 3 Combat Engr, 3 Trucks Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Infantry Divisional Recce Group, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Engineer Company Motorized Infantry Division – 3 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Motorized Recce Group, 1 Motorized Anti-Aircraft Group, 2 Motorized Artillery Group, 1 English Battery, 1 Anti-Tank Company, 1 Anti-Tank Rifle Company, 1 Motorized Engineer Company Cavalry Division – 1 Cavalry Regiment, 1 Motorized Cavalry Regiment, 2 Cavalry Divisional Recce Groups, 1 Mounted Machinegun Group Note the Motorized Cavalry Regiment was transferred to the Motorized Infantry Division and the Cavalry Brigade was transferred in to replace it in November 1940. Cavalry Brigade – 1 Cavalry Regiment, 2 Corps Recce Groups, 1 Mounted Machinegun Group

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18 Nationalist China 1937 to 1949 18 A Nationalist Chinese Division Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck 18 B Nationalist Chinese Regimental Headquarters (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck 18 C Nationalist Chinese Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 3 Truck 3 Inf Companies each 3 Rifle Machinegun Company 3 MG, 1 81M 18 D Nationalist Chinese Tank Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 2 Truck 3 Tank Companies each 3 Tank Note Tank is M3A3 M4 T26 Type 97 18 E Nationalist Chinese Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 4 Truck 3 Batteries each 1 Tube, 1 CP, 3 Truck Note Tube can be: 75H or 76H, 95H, or 105H 18 F Nationalist Chinese Anti Tank Battalion 4 ATG (37ATG or 45ATG), 4 Truck 18 G Nationalist Chinese Engineer Battalion 4 Pon Engr Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion

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MODERN PERIOD
This next section covers organizations for the major armies, and major conflicts from 1958 to 1997, so some strange armies appear because they have been in action.

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19 American Army There are four sets of organization for the US army, Pentomic, ROAD, Division 86 and Army XXI. ROAD, Division 86 and Army XXI units practiced cross attachment, so Tank and Mechanized Companies may be fielded with companies from the opposite. Similarly the Brigades are very flexible, and can command from 2 to 5 battalions in these units. Prior to 1958 all World War Two organizations are in effect except that newer weapons are used. 19 A American Pentomic Battlegroup 1958 Headquarters Company 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV Scout Platoon 1 Jeep/MG, 1 M41 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 12.7AAG Anti Tank Platoon 2 Jeep/106 Engineer Platoon 1 Truck, 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT 5 Infantry Companies each 5 Truck, 4 Rifle, 1 81M, 1 Jeep/106 Tank Company 3 M48 (M47 in USA) Artillery Battery 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 2 105H Note Note this concept was very short lived. A Cavalry Troop from the Pentomic Armoured Cavalry Squadron could be added. The whole idea on Pentomic ORBATs was for small self-contained battlegroups running around the nuclear cleared battlefield engaging in scattered disorganized battles in a post nuclear war. 19 B American Pentomic Airborne Battlegroup 1958 (Note very short lived) Headquarters Company 3 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs Scout Platoon 1 Jeep/MG Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Jeep, 1 12.7AAG Anti Tank Platoon 2 90RR Engineer Platoon 1 Combat Engr, 1 FT 5 Infantry Companies each 4 Rifle, 1 60M, 1 90RR Anti Tank Company 3 Jeep/106 Mortar Battery 6 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 107M 19 C American Pentomic Field Artillery Battalion 1958 Headquarters 2 Truck, 4 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 OP, 1 ARV 5 Batteries each 2 M52, 2 Truck, 1 Jeep, 1 CP Or 4 Trucks, 2 105Ha, 1 CP, 1 Jeep Note Self-Propelled battalions are for Armoured Divisions. They can have M52 to 1964. Towed units must, and SelfPropelled units may, use Jeep OP. 19 D American Pentomic Composite Artillery Battalion 1958 Headquarters 2 Truck, 4 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 OP, 1 ARV 2 Batteries each 2 M53, 2 Truck or 2 155Ha and 4 Trucks, 1 Jeep, 1 CP 1 Battery each 2 203H, 4 Truck, 1 Jeep, 1 CP 1 Battery each 2 Honest John, 2 Trucks, 1 Jeep, 1 CP Note Self-Propelled battalions are for Armoured Divisions. They can have M53 to 1964. Towed units must, and Self-

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Propelled units may, use Jeep OP. 19 E American Pentomic Airborne Composite Artillery Battalion 1958 Headquarters 5 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 OP 5 Batteries each 2 105H, 5 Jeep, 1 CP 1 Battery each 2 Honest John, 2 Trucks, 1 Jeep, 1 CP Note Honest John is air lifted not air dropped. 19 F American Pentomic Cavalry Squadron 1958 Headquarters 2 M59, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 90RR, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 M41 3 Cavalry Troops each 2 Jeep/MG, 1 Scout, 1 M59, 1 M41, 1 M59/107M Note 3 Squadrons under another Headquarters makes a Regiment. 19 G American Pentomic Tank Battalion 1958 Headquarters 1 M59, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M48, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Scout Platoon 2 Jeep/MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 M84 4 Companies each 3 M48 Note All tanks must be of the same type; M48, M47 or M103 and no more than 1 Battalion of M103 may be used. M47 and M103 were not used in Europe. The Pentomic Armoured Division is the same as the combat command type armoured division from the Second World War. 19 H American Pentomic Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1958 Headquarters 1 M59, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 M84, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Infantry Companies each 5 M59, 4 Rifle, 1 Jeep/106, 1 81M 1 Scout Platoon 2 Jeep/MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 M84 19 I American Pentomic Engineer Battalion 1958 Headquarters 1 M59, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 Jeep/MG 4 Engineer Companies each 4 M59, 3 Com Engr, 1 M47 Dozer 1 Bridge Company 2 Pon Engr, 2 Bridge, 2 M59, 2 Trucks 19 J American Pentomic Airborne Engineer Battalion 1958 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 Jeep/MG 4 Engineer Companies each 3 Com Engr 19 K American Pentomic Aviation Company 1958 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 Truck 1 General Support Flight 2 H13 Sioux Recon, 1 H19 Chicksaw, 1 L20 1 Direct Support Flight 1 L19 FAC, 3 H13 Sioux Recon 19 L American Pentomic Amoured Cavalry Regiment 1958 (Commands 3 Armoured Cavalry Squadrons and 1 Aviation Company)

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Headquarters 1 Armoured Engr Company 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 M41 4 M59, 3 Com Engr, 1 M47 Dozer

19 M American Pentomic Divisional Anti Aircraft Battalion 1958 Headquarters 2 Truck, 1CP, 1 ARV 3 Auto Weapons Btys each 3 M42 19 N American ROAD Brigade Headquarters 1958 to 1982 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Engineer Company 2 M113, 1 Const Engr, 1 Com Engr, 1 AVLB, 1 CEV Note M577 replaced soft transport in the mid - 1960’s. Lt infantry brigades delete the AVLB and CEV, replacing armoured vehicles with jeeps and trucks. 19 O American ROAD Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1958 to 1970 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 M113/106, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 M113, 3 Rifle, 1 M113/106, 1 M125 1 Scout Platoon 3 M113 ACAV 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 M106 19 P American ROAD Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1971 to 1984 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 M901, 1 GSR, 1 Redeye, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 M113, 3 Rifle, 3 Dragon, 1 M901, 1 M125 1 Scout Platoon 3 M113 ACAV, 1 M901 1 Mortar Battery Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 M106 Note M150 was first used in 1973, Dragon in 1975, and M901 in 1979. 90RR may not be mixed with Dragon, nor may M113/106 with M150, there are no other restrictions. 19 Q American ROAD Tank Battalion 1958 to 1965 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M48, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Scout Platoon 2 Jeep/MG, 1 M41 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 M106 3 Companies each 3 M48 Note All tanks must be of the same type; M48, M47 or M103 and no more than 1 Battalion of M103 may be used. M48 was used in Vietnam 19 R American ROAD Tank Battalion 1966 to 1980 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M60, 1 AVLB, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Scout Platoon 2 M113 ACAV 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 M106 3 Companies each 3 M60 Note Only one type of tank may be used, only 1 Battalion of M60A2 may be used. Dates are as follows: M48A3 to 1972, SE Asia.

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M60A1 at any time M60A2 from 1975 M48A5 from 1976 One Battalion can have M551 Sheridan. 19 S American ROAD Tank Battalion 1978 to 1985 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M60, 1 Truck, 2 Jeep, 1 GSR, 1 Redeye, 1 AVLB, 1 ARV 1 Scout Platoon 2 M113 ACAV, 1 M901 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 M106 3 Companies each 3 M60 Note Only one type of tank may be used. Dates are as follows: M1 from 1983 M60A1 at any time M60A3 from 1981 M48A5 from 1976 One battalion can have M551 Sheridan. 19 T American ROAD Field Artillery Battalion 1958 to 1985 Headquarters 4 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 OP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 M52 or 2 M108 or 2 M109, 2 M548, 1 M113, 1 CP Or 4 Trucks, 2 105Ha or 105Hb or 2 155Ha or 155Hb, 1 CP, 1 Jeep Or 2 M53 or M110, 2 M548, 1 M113, 1 CP Note Self-Propelled battalions are for Armoured/Mechanized Divisions. They can have: M52 to 1964, M108 from 1962 to 1968. M109 form 1964 onwards. M548 is used with M108 and M109. Towed battalions are for Light Infantry and Airborne Divisions. Airborne units have 105mm, and Light units have 3 105mm + 1 155mm until 1985. They can have: 105Ha to 1986 105Hb from 1983 155Ha to 1980 155Hb from 1976 M110 Battalions are Divisional heavy or Corps level, could also have M107and use as General support units. From 1973 OP’s have GSR, add 1 GSR and vehicle to OP. Towed units must and Self-Propelled units may use Jeep OP. 19 U American ROAD Divisional Anti Headquarters 2 Auto Weapons Btys each 2 Missile Batteries each Note Aircraft Battalion 1958 to 1975 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 M163 or M42 3 M48 Chaparral To 1970 would have 3 Auto Weapons batteries with M42

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19 V American ROAD Divisional Anti Headquarters 2 Auto Weapons Btys each 2 Missile Batteries each Aircraft Battalion 1975 to 1985 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 M163 3 M48 Chaparral

19 W American ROAD Cavalry Squadron 1958 to 1975 Headquarters 2 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113 ACAV, 1 90RR, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Cavalry Troops each 1 M125, 1 M113, 1 90RR, 1 M551 3 Sections each 2 M113 ACAV, 2 Cav 1 Tank Troop 3 M551 1 Air Cavalry Flight 2 OH58, 2 AH1, 1 UH1, 1 Cav 1 Battery 2 M113, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M109, 2 M548 Note AH1 appeared in 1969/70, prior to that use UH1. If M551 are used this is the only tank that may be used otherwise omit tank troop. M551 was first issued in 1969 prior to that use M47 in USA, M48 in Germany and Vietnam, they were withdrawn in 1976. M114 is used in place in M1113 ACAV prior to 1966. 19 X American ROAD Airborne Cavalry Squadron 1958 to 1985 Headquarters 4 Jeep 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 90RR 3 Cavalry Troops each 2 Jeep, 1 Jeep/106, 1 81M, 1 90RR 3 Sections each 2 Jeep, 2 Para 1 Tank Troop 3 Jeep/106 1 Air Cavalry Flight 2 OH58, 2 AH1, 1 UH1, 1 Cav 1 Battery 6 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 105Hb Note AH1 appeared in 1969/70, prior to that use UH1 19 Y American ROAD Cavalry Squadron 1976 to 1985 Headquarters 1 M577, 2 M113, 1 AVLB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M60, 1 Dragon, 1 Cav, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Cavalry Troops each 1 M106, 1 M113, 1 Dragon, 1 M60 3 Sections each 1 M113 ACAV, 1 Cav, 1 M901 1 Tank Troop 3 M60 1 Air Cavalry Flight 2 OH58, 2 AH1, 1 UH1, 1 Cav 1 Battery 2 M113, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M109, 2 M548 Note Tank types may not be mixed, except that if Cavalry Troops have M551, the Tank Troop must have M60. 19 Z American ROAD Armoured Cavalry Regiment 1958 to 1985 (commands 3 Armoured Cavalry Squadrons) Headquarters 1 M577, 2 M113, 1 AVLB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M60, 1 Dragon, 1 Cav, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Air Cav Troop 1 AH1, 2 UH1, 1 OH58, 2 Cav 19 AA American Division 86 Cavalry Squadron 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 1 M577, 2 M3, 1 AVLB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M1, 1 Dragon, 1 Cav, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 M113, 1 Com Engr

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3 Cavalry Troops each 1 Tank Troop 1 Air Cavalry Flight 1 Battery 1 M106, 1 M1, 2 M3, 2 Cav, 1 Javelin 3 M1 1 OH58, 2 AH64, 1 UH1 2 M981, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M109A6, 2 M548

19 AB American ROAD/Division 86 Light Infantry Battalion 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 1 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 81M, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 Dragon or 90RR, 3 Rifle 1 Platoon 2 Jeep/106 or 3 Jeep/Tow or HMMV/TOW (1988) 1 Battery 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 4.2M (120M in 1990), 1 Truck Transport By either Helicopter or truck Note 106 and 90RR can be used up to 1981, TOW & Dragon form 1975, they may be mixed, but TOW cannot be used with 106RR, and Dragon may not be used with 90RR. Para units are light but continued to use the jeep/TOW longer. In Vietnam, very often anti-tank equipment was stored and a fourth rifle company was formed from the surplus personnel. 19 AC American Armoured Division 86 Cavalry Regiment 1985 to 1997 (commands 3 Armoured Cavalry Squadrons) Headquarters 1 M577, 2 M113, 1 AVLB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M1, 1 Dragon, 1 Cav, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Air Cav Troop 1 AH64, 2 UH60, 1 OH58, 2 Cav 19 AD American Division 86 Armoured Brigade Headquarters (May command 4 Battalions) Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 1 Truck 1 EW Company 3 HMMV, 1 Jammer, 1 Sigs, 1 DF, 1 ARV 1 Engineer Company 3 M113, 3 Combat Engr, 2 AVLB, 1 M728 CEV 1 Attack Helicopter Flight 1 OH58, 2 AH64 19 AE American Division 86 Armoured Battalion 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M3, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 1 M1, 2 HMMV, 1 Stinger, 1 GSR, 1 AVLB, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Scout Platoon 2 M3, 2 Cav (or 2 HMMV/MG, 1 HMMV/GL) Or 2 HMMV/MG, 1 Cav. 1 HMMV /TOW Mortar Platoon 2 M125, 1 M577, 1CP 4 Companies each 3 M1 Note M60 and M48 units use M113. A HumVee Scout platoon was used in the Gulf War. 19 AF American Division 86 Mechanised Battalion 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M2, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 2 HMMV, 1 Stinger, 1 GSR, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Scout Platoon 2 M3, 2 Cav (or 1 HMMV/MG, 1 Cav, 1 HMMV /GL) Mortar Platoon 2 M125, 1 M577, 1 CP 4 Infantry Companies each 3 M3, 3 Rifle, Dragon 1 Anti Tank Company 3 M901 Note Units have M2 /M3 or M113. The HumVee Scout platoon

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was used in the Gulf War 19 AG American Division 86 Cavalry Squadron 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M2, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 1 M1, 2 HMMV, 1 Stinger, 1 GSR, 1 AVLB, 2 M106, 1 M113, 1 Combat Engr, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Troops 2 M1, 2 M3, 2 Cav 1 Company 3 M1 1 Attack Flight 1 OH58, 2 AH64 1 Battery 2 M981, 2 M109A1, 2 M548, 1 CP 19 AH American Division 86 Field Artillery Battalion 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 M981, 2 M109A1, 2 M548, 1 CP, 1 OP 1 M113/CB 19 AI American Division 86 Divisional Headquarters 2 Auto Weapons Btys each 2 Missile Batteries each Anti Aircraft Battalion 1986 to 1995 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 M163 3 M48 Chaparral

19 AJ American Division 86 Heavy Artillery Battalion 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M2, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Batteries each 2 M981, 2 M110, 2 M548, 1 CP, 1 OP 1 M113/CB 2 Batteries each 2 M981, 2 MRLS, 2 M548, 1 CP, 1 OP 1 M113/CB 19 AK American Division 86 Helicopter Battalion 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 1 UH60, 1 AH-64 3 Attack Companies each 2 AH-64 1 Scout Company 3 OH58 Note OH58s may be attached to AH companies. Individual companies may be used. 19 AL American Division 86 Tow Light Anti Tank (TLAT) Battalion 1981 to 1993 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck 3 Anti Tank Companies each 4 Jeep/TOW Note: After 1988 HMMV/TOW replaces the jeeps. TLAT units were formed in the 1981 to provide additional wartime anti tank support to light divisions which lacked the anti-tank punch of the heavy divisions. 4 units were stood up from National Guard infantry battalions: 1/249 (Oregon ARNG), 2/180 (Oklahoma ARNG), 1/122 (Georgia ARNG) and 2/128 (Wisconsin). 10th (Mountain) Infantry Division, 7th (Light) Infantry Division, 101st (Air Assault) Division and 82nd (Airborne) Division each were to receive one of these battalions as round out units during war mobilization. 1/122 almost went to Desert Shield and Gulf War 1. In fact 1/122 even trained with 82nd Airborne but stayed when

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the division commander decided against them. All units were disbanded or re-roled as infantry during the “Great Scale Down” in 1993. An excellent tactical idea that never got a chance to be implemented, I am a proponent of large numbers of light self propelled ATGMs running around the battlefield under a central control but this concept has now been largely replaced by helicopters. 19 AM American HTTD Cavalry Squadron 1983 to 1986 19 AN American HTTD Fast Attack Battalion 1983 to 1986 19 AO American HTTD Motorized Infantry Battalion 1983 to 1986 19 AP American HTTD Combat Engineer Battalion 1983 to 1986 19 AQ American HTTD Anti Aircraft Battalion 1983 to 1986 19 AR American HTTD Artillery Battalion 1983 to 1986 19 AS American HTTD Composite Artillery Battalion 1983 to 1986 19 AT American HTTD Attack Helicopter Battalion 1983 to 1986 19 AU American HTTD Aviation Battalion 1983 to 1986 19 AV American HTTD Brigade Headquarters 1983 to 1986 19 AW American HTTD Cavalry Brigade Headquarters 1983 to 1986 19 AX American HTTD Divisional Headquarters 1983 to 1986 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Note The “High Technology Test Division” (HTTD) was a shortlived division (9th Infantry Division) designed to test light and medium mobility ideas. In essence the division was motorized (on wheels) not mechanized (on tracks) like other infantry divisions. The object was to create a rapidly air-deployable force that had both defensive and offensive capability across several areas of the world where there was a limited or no US army presence. Had this experiment continued this division would have been the first to receive HMMV as it was designed for this division. 19 AY SBCT Brigade Headquarters 2003+ (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Recon Surveillance Squadron, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Armoured Battalion, 1 Aviation Battalion) Headquarters 1 LAV/MG, 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/ARV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 HETT Anti Tank Company 3 LAV/AT Engineer Company 3 Com Engr, 3 LAV/Eng

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Note Formerly known as IBCT (Interim Brigade Combat Team) they are now SBCT (Stryker Brigade Combat Team) after the name of the LAV mounting a 105mm anti tank gun. Once complete there will be 5 SBCTs designed to be deployed anywhere in the world in 96 hours complete and ready for war. It is fair to say that units will be the medium weight punch of the US Army.

19 AZ SBCT Infantry Battalion 2003+ Headquarters 3 Companies Support Company Anti Tank Company

1 LAV/MG, 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/ARV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 HETT 3 LAV/MG, 1 LAV/GL, 3 Rifle, 1 Javelin, 1 60M 1 LAV/M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 LAV 3 LAV/AT

19 BA SBCT Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Target Acquisition Squadron 2003+ Headquarters 1 LAV/MG, 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/ARV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 HETT 3 Troops 1 LAV/AT, 1 LAV/105, 2 LAV/R, 2 Scout, 1 Javelin, 1 LAV/M Support Troop 4 LAV/R, 4 GSR 19 BB SBCT Artillery Battalion 2003+ Headquarters 1 LAV/MG, 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/ARV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 HETT 3 Batteries 2 155Hc, 4 Truck, 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/OP, 1 CP, 1 OP Note Final ORBAT will include the new lightweight 155mm M777. 19 BC SBCT Armoured Battalion 2003+ Headquarters 1 LAV/MG, 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/ARV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 HETT 4 Companies 3 LAV/105 Note Centaro was tested for test position as well. 19 BD SBCT Aviation Battalion 2003+ Headquarters 1 LAV/MG, 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/ARV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 HETT 2 Attack Companies 2 RAH1 2 Utility Companies 2 UH60 19 BE American Army XXI Cavalry Squadron (Light) 2001+ Headquarters 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 HMMV/AD, 1 HMMV/TOW, 3 HMMV, 1 Com Engr, 1CP, 1 GSR, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 Troops each 2 HMMV/TOW, 1 HMMV/GL, 1 HMMV/MG, 1 HMMV, 1 120M Air Troop 3 OH58D Anti Tank Company 3 HMMV/TOW Artillery Battery 2 HMMV, 2 155Hb, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP

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Note This is a tentative ORBAT most of the equipment for this type of unit is still being designed and tested. The HumVees are standing in that equipment. Squadron 2001+ 1 HMMV/TOC, 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 2 OH58D 3 UH60 2 HMMV, 4 Truck

19 BF American Army XXI Air Cavalry Headquarters 4 Air Cavalry Troops each Air Transport Troop Maintenance Troop

19 BF American Army XXI Cavalry Regiment (Light) 2001+ (Commands 1 Air Cavalry Squadron and 3 Cavalry Squadron (Light)) Headquarters 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 MRT, 1 Truck Chemical Company 1 HMMV, 2 M93 Fox Intelligence Company 3 HMMV, 2 OP, 1 GSR Air Defense Battery 3 HMMV/AD Note This is a tentative ORBAT most of the equipment for this type of unit is still being designed and tested. The HumVees are standing in that equipment. 2nd Dragoons (2 ACR) of 18th Airborne Corps is the only light regiment. It is currently held that 2nd Dragoons will become medium as its final ORBAT and remain with 18th Airborne Corps. 19 BG American Army XXI Armoured Cavalry Squadron (Medium) 2001+ Headquarters 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/AD, 1 LAV/TOW, 3 LAV/APC, 1 Com Engr, 1 CP, 1 GSR, 1 LAV/ARV, 1 Truck 3 Troops 2 LAV/TOW, 1 LAV/GL, 1 LAV/MG, 2 LAV/120 Air Troop 3 OH58D Anti Tank Company 3 LAV/TOW Note This is a notional ORBAT most of the equipment for this type of unit is still being designed and tested. The LAV usage is suspected. US Army is not currently committed to medium force structure only a light and Heavy force structure, so this is provided as a summation of US Army thought on this type of force. This is a good compromise between the political consideration of light deployable forces and army desire for a heavy punch in theatre. Note the elimination of the 155mm artillery and the increase in 120mm mortars; this is the first time in US Army history where so much combat power reliance has been placed on a mortar. 19 BH American Army XXI Armoured Cavalry Regiment (Medium) 2001+ (Commands 1 Air Cavalry Squadron and 3 Armoured Cavalry Squadron (Medium)) Headquarters 1 LAV/TOC, 1 LAV/APC, 1 CP, 1 ARV, 1 Truck Chemical Company 1 LAV/APC, 2 M93 Fox Intelligence Company 3 LAV/APC, 2 OP, 1 GSR Air Defense Battery 3 LAV/AD Note This is a notional ORBAT most of the equipment for this

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type of unit is still being designed and tested. The LAV usage is suspected. US Army is not currently committed to medium force structure only a light and Heavy force structure, so this is provided as a summation of US Army thought on this type of force. This is a good compromise between the political consideration of light deployable forces and army desire for a heavy punch in theatre. 19 BI American Army XXI Armoured Cavalry (Heavy) Squadron 2001+ Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M2, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 1 M1, 2 HMMV, 1 Stinger, 1 GSR, 1 AVLB, 1 M113, 1 Combat Engr, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Troops 2 M1, 2 M3, 2 Cav, 1 M106 Tank Company 3 M1A2 Air Troop 3 OH58D Artillery Battery 2 M981, 2 M109A6, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP 19 BJ American Army XXI Armoured Cavalry Regiment (Heavy) 2001+ (Commands 1 Air Cavalry Squadron and 3 Armoured Cavalry Squadron (Heavy)) Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M3, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck Chemical Company 1 M3, 2 M93 Fox Intelligence Company 3 HMMV, 2 OP, 1 GSR Air Defense Battery 3 HMMV/AD 19 BK American Army XXI Heavy Division Armoured Cavalry Squadron 2001+ Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M2, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 1 M1, 2 HMMV, 1 Stinger, 1 GSR, 1 AVLB, 1 M113, 1 Combat Engr, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Troops 2 M1, 2 M3, 2 Cav, 1 M106 Air Troop 3 OH58D 19 BL American Army XXI Brigade Reconnaissance Troop (Heavy) 2001+ Headquarters 1 M3, 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT 3 Platoons 1 M1, 1 M3, 1 Scout Note Troops from the 1st, 4th, 9th, and 10th cavalry regiments fulfill this role thus these regiments continue exist in the ORBAT in a reduced US Army. 19 BM American Army XXI Brigade Reconnaissance Troop (Light) 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 3 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT, 1 HMMV/120 3 Platoons 1 HMMV/TOW, 1 HMMV/GL, 1 HMMV/MG, 1 Scout 19 BN American Army XXI Heavy Division Tank Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 M1A2, 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT Headquarters Company 1 M981, 1 OP, 1 M106/120, 1 Scout, 1 M3, 1 Stinger, 1 HMMV 4 Companies each 3 M1A2 Note Scouts may deploy in HMMV/GL as an alternate.

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19 BO American Army XXI Heavy Division Mechanized Infantry Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 M2, 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT Headquarters Company 1 M981, 1 OP, 1 M106/120, 1 Scout, 1 M3, 1 Stinger, 1 HMMV 4 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Javelin, 3 M2 Anti Tank Company 4 M901 Note Scouts may deploy in HMMV/GL as an alternate. 19 BP American Army XXI Light Division Light Infantry Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT Headquarters Company 1 OP, 1 HMMV/MG, 1 81M, 1 Scout, 1 HMMV/GL, 1 Stinger, 2 HMMV, 2 HMMV/TOW 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Javelin, 1 60M 19 BQ American Army XXI Light Division Air Assault Infantry Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT Headquarters Company 1 OP, 1 HMMV/MG, 1 81M, 1 Scout, 1 HMMV/GL, 1 Stinger, 2 HMMV 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Javelin, 1 60M, 1 MG Anti Tank Company 5 HMMV/TOW Note Standard transport is Medium Logistics Vehicle from brigade and division. In air assault mode this unit will have little or no HMMVs, thus TOW will be dismounted (Javelin may be used as substitute). 19 BR American Army XXI Light Division Airborne Infantry Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT Headquarters Company 1 OP, 1 HMMV/MG, 1 81M, 1 Scout, 1 HMMV/GL, 1 Stinger, 2 HMMV, 2 HMMV/TOW 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Javelin, 1 60M Anti Tank Company 5 HMMV/TOW Note Standard transport is Medium Logistics Vehicle from brigade and division. In airborne mode this unit will have no HMMV, thus TOW will be dismounted (Javelin may be used as substitute). 19 BS American Army XXI Heavy Division Combat Engineer Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT 3 Companies each 3 Com Engr, 3 M113 AO Platoon 1 AVLB, 1 Bridge, 1 Dozer, 1 MLG 19 BT American Army XXI Light Division Combat Engineer Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT 3 Companies each 3 Com Engr, 3 HMMV AO Platoon 1 Truck, 1 Bridge, 1 Dozer, 1 MLG 19 BU American Army XXI Light Division Air Defense Artillery Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT

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4 Batteries each 3 HMMV/AD

19 BV American Army XXI Heavy Division Air Defense Artillery Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT 4 Batteries each 2 M3/AD, 1 HMMV/AD 19 BW American Army XXI Corps Air Defense Artillery Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT 3 Batteries each 1 Patriot, 2 Truck, 1 AD Rad 19 BX American Army XXI Light Division Artillery Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT 3 Batteries each 2 155Hc, 1 CP, 2 OP, 4 Truck, 3 HMMV Note A new light 155mm howitzer is about to be fielded; it is air mobile unlike the current weapon represented here. 19 BY American Army XXI Heavy Division Artillery Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT 3 Batteries each 2 M109A6, 1 CP, 2 OP, 2 M992, 3 M981 19 BZ American Army XXI Heavy Division MRLS Artillery Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT 3 Batteries each 2 MRLS, 1 CP, 2 OP, 2 M992, 3 M981 Note There are number of towed 155mm battalions available to a Corps as well. 19 CA American Army XXI Support Aviation Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 UH60, 1 CP 3 Lift Companies each 3 UH60 or CH47 19 CB American Army XXI Attack Helicopter Battalion 2001+ Headquarters 1 UH60, 1 CP, 1 AH-64 3 Attack Companies each 2 AH-64 19 CC American Army XXI Attack Helicopter Regiment (Light) 2001+ (Commands 2 attack helicopter battalions) Headquarters 1 UH60, 1 CP, 1 AH-64 19 CD American Army XXI Attack Helicopter Regiment (Heavy) 2001+ (Commands 3 attack helicopter battalions) Headquarters 1 UH60, 1 CP, 1 AH-64 19 CE American Army XXI Heavy Division Aviation Brigade 2001+ (Commands 2 Attack Helicopter battalions, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron, 1 Support Aviation Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT Note Heavy division aviation brigades command 2 attack helicopter battalions, 1 support aviation battalion and 1 armoured cavalry squadron.

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19 CF American Army XXI Air Assault Division Air Assault Aviation Brigade 2001+ (Commands 4 Support Aviation Battalions; 3 UH60 and 1 CH47) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT 19 CG American Army XXI Light/Air Assault Division Aviation Brigade 2001+ (Commands 3 Attack Helicopter battalions, 1 Cavalry Squadron (Light), 1 Support Aviation Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT Note Light division aviation brigades command 3 attack helicopter battalions, 1 support aviation battalion and 1 armoured cavalry squadron. 19 CH American Army XXI Light Division Artillery Brigade Headquarters 2001+ (Commands 3 towed 155mm artillery battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT 19 CI American Army XXI Heavy Division Artillery Brigade Headquarters 2001+ (Commands 3 M109A6artillery battalions and 1 MRLS battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M981, 1 MRT, 1 HETT 19 CJ American Army XXI Brigade Headquarters (Light) 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT 19 CK American Army XXI Brigade Headquarters (Heavy) 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT Note Armoured brigades command 1 brigade reconnaissance troop, 2 tank, 1 mechanized infantry and 1 combat engineer battalions. Mechanized brigades command 1 brigade reconnaissance troop, 1 tank, 2 mechanized infantry, and 1 combat engineer battalions. Artillery brigades commands 3 field artillery battalions and 1 target acquisition battalion. All brigades have a forward support battalion (FSB) not represented in game terms. FSB provide dedicated medical, logistics and maintenance support to the brigade they are part of. 19 CL American Army XXI Divisional Headquarters (Light) 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 HMMV/TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 HMMV, 1 MRT, 1 HETT 19 CM American Army XXI Divisional Headquarters (Heavy) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 1 HETT 19 CN American Marine Infantry Battalion 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 81M, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 60M Weapons Company 1 81M, 1 GL, 6 Dragon Transport By either Helicopter or AAV7 or LAV 19 CO American Marine Combined Arms Regiment Headquarters 1986 to 1997 (commands 3

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infantry battalions and 1 tank battalion) Headquarters Recce Company Anti Tank Platoon 2 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 LAV-R, 1 LAV-AT 6 HMMV/TOW

19 CP American Marine Regiment Headquarters 1986 to 1997 (commands 3 USMC infantry battalions) Headquarters 2 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck Recce Company 3 LAV-R, 1 LAV-AT Anti Tank Platoon 6 HMMV/TOW 19 CQ American Marine Infantry Battalion 1997 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 81M, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 HMMV/GL, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 60M Weapons Company 2 81M, 1 GL, 6 Dragon Transport By either Helicopter or AAV7 or LAV 19 CR American Marine Artillery Battalion 1986 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 Batteries each 2 155Ha, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 HMMV 19 CS American Marine Recon Battalion 1986 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 3 Scout, 1 60M, 4 HMMV 19 CT American Marine Tank Battalion 1986 to 1997 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 M60, 1 Truck 4 Tank Companies each 3 M60A3 Anti Tank Company 6 HMMV/TOW 19 CU American Marine Tank Battalion 1998 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 M1, 1 Truck 4 Tank Companies each 3 M1 Anti Tank Company 6 HMMV/TOW 19 CV American Marine Armoured Assault Battalion 1986 to 2001 Headquarters 2 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 4 Companies each 10 AAV7 19 CW American Marine Artillery Battalion 1986 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 Batteries each 2 155Ha, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 HMMV 19 CX American Marine Recon Battalion 1986 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 3 Scout, 1 60M, 4 HMMV 19 CY American Marine Tank Battalion 1986 to 2001

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Headquarters 4 Tank Companies each Anti Tank Company 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 M1, 1 Truck 3 M1 6 HMMV/TOW

19 CZ American Marine Light Armoured Vehicle Battalion 1986 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 4 LAV/TOW, 1 Truck 4 Companies each 3 LAV/25 19 DA American Marine Combat Engineer Battalion 1986 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 3 Com Engr, 3 FT, 4 HMMV Support Company 1 HMMV, 2 Dump Truck, 2 Bulldozer, 3 Bridge, 3 Truck 19 DB American Marine Anti Aircraft Regiment 1970 to 1986 Headquarters 3 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 1 Company 5 Redeye, 5 Jeep 1 Company 2 Hawk, 2 Truck 19 DC American Marine Anti Aircraft Battalion 1986 to 2001 Headquarters 3 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 1 LAV/25, 2LAV/AD 19 DD American Marine Regiment Headquarters 1998 to 2001 (commands 3 USMC infantry battalions) Headquarters 2 HMMV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV Anti Tank Company 6 HMMV/TOW 19 DE Special Forces Group Headquarters Mortar Platoon 4 Companies each

1 CP, 1 Sigs 1 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP 8 SF Dets

19 DI American Ranger Regiment Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Stinger, 1 Scout, 1 M/C, 3 HMMV, 1 Truck Recon Company 3 Scout, 2 HMMV/MG, 1 HMMV/TOW, 1 HMMV/GL 19 DJ American Ranger Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each Engineer Company (OpCon) Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Stinger, 1 Scout, 1 M/C, 3 HMMV, 1 Truck 3 Rgr, 1 Javelin or 90RR, 1 60M, 5 HMMV 3 Com Engr, 3 HMMV Engineers are operationally controlled by the ranger unit but not part of the unit. In Vietnam Ranger units operated as long range dismounted reconnaissance delete all support weapons and do not use in greater than company strength.

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Large Units: Pentomic Infantry Division – 5 Pentomic Infantry Battlegroups, 1 Pentomic Artillery Brigade (3 Field Artillery Battalions, 1 Composite Artillery Battalion), 1 Pentomic Anti-Aircraft Battalion (attached), 1 Pentomic Engineer Battalion, 1 Pentomic Armoured Cavalry Squadron, 1 Pentomic Aviation Company Pentomic Armoured Division – 3 Combat Command Headquarters, 4 Pentomic Armoured Battalions, 4 Pentomic Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Pentomic Mechanized Artillery Brigade (3 Field Artillery Battalions, 1 Composite Artillery Battalion), 1 Pentomic Anti-Aircraft Battalion (attached), 1 Pentomic Engineer Battalion, 1 Pentomic Armoured Cavalry Squadron, 1 Pentomic Aviation Company Pentomic Airborne Division – 5 Pentomic Airborne Infantry Battlegroups, 1 Pentomic Airborne Composite Artillery Battalion, 1 Pentomic Anti-Aircraft Battalion (attached only in ground role), 1 Pentomic Engineer Battalion, 1 Pentomic Armoured Cavalry Squadron (only in ground role) ROAD/Division 86 Armoured Division – 3 Brigade Headquarters, 6 Armoured Battalions, 5 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Helicopter Battalion, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion ROAD/Division 86 Mechanized Infantry Division – 3 Brigade Headquarters, 5 Armoured Battalions, 6 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Helicopter Battalion, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion ROAD/Division 86 Light Infantry Division – 3 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Armoured Battalions, 9 Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Helicopter Battalion, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion ROAD/Division 86 Airborne Division – 3 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Armoured Battalion, 9 Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Helicopter Battalion, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion ROAD/Division 86 Air Mobile Division – 3 Brigade Headquarters, 9 Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Helicopter Battalion, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion ROAD/Division 86 Mountain Division – 3 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Armoured Battalions, 9 Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Helicopter Battalion, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion Marine Division – 3 Marine Regiments, 1 Armoured Battalion, 1 Light Armoured Vehicle Battalion, 1 Amphibious Assault Vehicle Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Helicopter Battalion, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion Airborne Division XXI – 3 Airborne Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Aviation Brigade

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Air Assault Division XXI – 3 Air Assault Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Air Assault Aviation Brigade (3 UH60 Battalions, 1 CH47 Battalion), 1 Aviation Brigade (3 AH64 Battalions, 1 UH60 Battalion) Armoured Division XXI – 3 Armoured Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Aviation Brigade Mechanized Division XXI – 3 Mechanized Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron, 1 Aviation Brigade Light Division XXI – 3 Light Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron, 1 Aviation Brigade

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20 Argentine Forces for the Falklands War 1982 These have been included to give a basis for the recreation of the Falklands Conflict. The Argentines deployed only light armour to the Islands, but included are some of the armoured units, which could have been used. 20 A Argentine Brigade Headquarters (Commands 5 Battalions) Headquarters 6 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Jeep/MG, 1 Combat Engr, 1 35AAG, 1 Sigs Engineer Company 3 Engr, 3 Truck Note This unit may be on foot, or mounted in 1 M113 or AMXVCI for the CP, and one APC for the OP. In this case delete trucks for OP and CP. 20 B Argentine Infantry Regiment Headquarters 3 Companies each 1 Battery Note

1 Jeep, 1 CP, 2 MG, 1 81M, 5 Truck, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep/106 1 90RR, 3 Rifle 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 2 120M This unit may be mounted in M113 or AMX-VCI and one vehicle replaces the Jeeps at Headquarters. The Jeep/106 could be 1 Jeep/SS11.

20 C Argentine Marine Regiment Headquarters 3 Marine Companies each 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Mortar Battery Note

1 Jeep, 1 CP, 2 MG, 1 81M, 6 Truck, 1 20AAG, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep/106 1 90RR, 3 Rifle 3 Jeep/Bantam 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 2 120M This unit may be mounted in LVTP7.

20 D Argentine Jungle Infantry Regiment Headquarters 20 E Argentine Mountain Infantry Regiment Headquarters 20 F Argentine Commando/Raider Infantry Regiment Headquarters 20 G Argentine Airborne Infantry Regiment Headquarters 20 H Argentine Tank Regiment (None deployed in Falklands theatre) Headquarters 1 Sherman Firefly or TAM or AMX-13/75, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 3 Tank Squadrons each 3 Sherman Firefly or TAM or AMX-13/75 20 I Argentine Mechanized Cavalry Regiment Headquarters

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3 Squadrons each 20 J Argentine Cavalry Recce Squadron Headquarters 1 AMX-VCI, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Groups each 1 AMX-13/75, 1 Jeep/MG, 1 Jeep/106, 2 AMX-VCI, 1 90RR, 1 Rifle 20 K Argentine Divisional Anti Tank Company (None deployed in theatre) 3 Kurrassier, 1 Truck 20 L Argentine Amphibious Marine Recce Squadron Headquarters 3 Roland APC, 1 CP, 1 MG, 1 Truck, 1 Sigs Armoured Car Coy 3 AML-90 or ERC-90 Infantry Section 1 Roland APC, 1 Rifle 20 M Argentine Artillery Regiment Headquarters 3 Batteries

1 Jeep, 1CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 105Ha, 155Ha, 4 Trucks or 2 AMXF3 and 2 Trucks. Argentina has only one selfpropelled artillery battalion. There is also one airborne artillery battalion using 105Ha and Jeeps instead of trucks.

20 N Argentine Medium Anti-Aircraft Group Headquarters 20 O Argentine Heavy Anti-Aircraft Group Headquarters Large Units: Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Cavalry Recce Squadron, 1 Artillery Regiment. Airborne Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Airborne Regiments, 1 Airborne Recce Squadron, 1 Airborne Artillery Regiment. Armoured Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 4 Tank Regiments, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Mechanized Artillery Regiment. Mechanized Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 4 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Mechanized Cavalry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Cavalry Recce Squadron.

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21 British Army A shrinking force, still primarily an infantry force, and the European army with the most experience in worldwide deployment. The basic structures have changed little, and the introduction of new equipment has always been slow, due to lack of funds. Cross attachment is practiced, but brigade structures are rigid unlike those of the American army. 21 A British Brigade Headquarters 1958 to 1968 (May command 3 battalions) Headquarters 1 Saracen, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 1 Engineer Squadron 3 Truck, 3 Combat Engr 1 Helicopter Flight 2 Sioux, 2 Scout Note Armoured brigades use the Saracen, others use trucks. An Armoured Brigade adds 1 Centurion 5 or 8. Mechanized Brigades command one armoured regiment, one armoured infantry battalion and two mechanized infantry battalions. 21 B British Infantry Brigade Headquarters 1969 to 1997 (May command 5 Battalions) Headquarters 1 LR, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 1 Engineer Squadron 3 Truck, 3 Combat Engr 1 Helicopter Flight 2 Gazelle, 3 Lynx/TOW 1 Anti Tank Battery 4 FV438 or Striker 1 Air Defense Battery 3 Truck, 3 Blowpipe/Javelin [Javelin 1984] Note Sioux remained in service until 1978, and Scout until 1985. If the Lynx is unarmed they can lift one infantry company. Mechanized Brigades command one armoured regiment, one armoured infantry battalion and two mechanized infantry battalions. 21 C British Armoured Brigade Headquarters 1969 to 1997 (Commands 3 or 4 Battalion/Regiment) Headquarters 1 FV436, 1CP, 1 MBT, 1 Sultan, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Engineer Squadron 3 FV432, 3 Combat Engr, 1 CEV, 1 AVRE Air Defense Battery 3 Spartan, 3 Blowpipe/Javelin [Javelin 1984] 1 Helicopter Flight 2 Gazelle, Lynx/TOW Note Sioux remained in service until 1978, and Scout until 1985. If the Lynx is unarmed they can lift one infantry company. The MBT can carry CO and may be: Centurion 13 to 1975 Chieftain to 1995 Challenger I from 1986 Challenger II from 1996 Sultans entered in service in 1974 prior to then use FV 432, this may be used anyway. 21 D British Tank Regiment 1958 to 1968 Headquarters 1 Comet or Centurion 5 or Centurion 8 or Centurion 13, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 2 Conqueror, 2 Sioux, 1 Ferret 1, 1 CP

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Recce Section 3 Squadrons Note 2 Ferret 2 5 Comet or Centurion 5, or Centurion 8 or Centurion 13 Comets represent reserve regiments; they were probably replaced by 1965. The Conqueror Troops were removed by 1967; they were not issued to regiments with Centurion 13.

21 E British Tank Regiment 1969 to 1997 Headquarters 1 Centurion 13 or Chieftain or Challenger I or II, 2 Sultan, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 AVLB, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Recce Section 2 Ferret 4 or 2 Scimitar 1 Anti Tank Troop 2 FV438 3 or 4 Squadrons each 4 or 5 Centurion or Chieftain or Challenger I or II Note The AVLB is Centurion to 1979, or Chieftain from 1975. The tanks must match brigade headquarters; see 21 D for dates in service. Chieftain regiments may have had 4 Tank troops from 1983 to 1987. The regiment may add one infantry company, or exchange one company/squadron with a mechanized battalion. 21 F British Infantry Battalion 1958 to 1967 Headquarters 2 LR, 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 MG, 1 Sigs 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Anti Tank Platoon 2 LR/120 1 Mortar Battery 2 Truck, 2 76M Note This unit may be on foot, as above, Motorized or Armoured with Saracen or Humber Pig. 21 G British Mechanized Battalion 1968 to 1978 Headquarters 1 FV436, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Ferret 1, 1 FV434, 1 Truck Recce Section 2 Ferret 4 3 Rifle Companies each 3 FV432, 3 Rifle 1 Anti Tank Platoon 2 FV432/Wombat 1 Mortar Platoon 2 FV432M Note Saracen could be substituted up to 1970. 21 H British Mechanized Battalion 1976 to 1990 Headquarters 2 FV436, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Ferret 1, 1 FV434, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Recce Section 2 Scimitar 3 Rifle Companies each 3 FV432, 3 Rifle 1 Anti Tank Platoon 2 FV432, 2 Milan 1 GW Platoon 1 FV438 1 Mortar Platoon 2 FV432M Note Wombat could replace the Milan up to 1978. Spartan could replace OP Ferrets.

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21 I British Royal Marine Battalion 1976 to 1997 Headquarters 4 BV206, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs Recce Section 2 LR/MG, 1 LR, 1GSR 3 Rifle Companies each 3 BV206, 3 Rifle 1 Anti Tank Platoon 2 BV206, 2 Milan 1 Pioneer Platoon 1 BV206, 1 Com Engr 1 Mortar Platoon 1 BV206, 1 81M Note Wombat could replace the Milan up to 1978. Spartan could replace OP Ferrets. 21 J British Armoured Infantry Battalion 1987 to 1997 Headquarters 1 Warrior, 1 CP, 1 Spartan, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV Recce Section 2 Scimitar 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Warrior, 3 Rifle, 3 Milan 1 Mortar Platoon 2 FV432M 1 Anti Tank Platoon 2 Spartan MCT Note Up armoured Warriors (Warrior UG) may be used in an “Action” situation, such as the Gulf or Bosnia. In a defensive role the Warriors form a separate company operating in a fire support role. There are very few battalions equipped with warrior and all are deployed within the armoured divisions in continental Europe. 21 K British Airmobile Infantry Battalion 1967 to 1997 Headquarters 5 LR, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 MG, 1 Combat Engr, 1 Truck Recce Platoon 2 LR, 2 Scout 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Battery 2 LR, 2 Trucks, 2 81M, 1 OP, 1 CP 1 Anti Tank Platoon 2 LR, 2 120RR Or 2 LR, 2 Milan (From 1978) Note This organization is used by most British Infantry units, including Marines, Paras, and Gurkhas. The unit maybe motorized with trucks or Saxon. The unit may be lifted in Puma, or Wessex, and Lynx helicopters. This organization, with Milan is correct for the Falklands in theory, but many units reorganized themselves for the task. In 2000 double the size of the anti tank platoon. 21 L British Artillery Regiment 1956 to 1965 Headquarters 1 Saracen, 1 CP, 1 Ferret 1, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 Trucks and 2 25H or 2 105Ha or 2 5.5H or 2 203H, or 2 M44, 2 Trucks, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR Note M44 are for an armoured brigade, 25H for an Infantry brigade. 5.5” guns are divisional level weapons, and M115 corps level. 105Ha started to replace 25H from 1960. 21 M British Armoured Division Artillery Brigade 1964 to 1984 Headquarters 2 FV 436, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck

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2 Light Regiment HQ each 3 Batteries each 1 Heavy Regiment HQ 2 Batteries each 1 Battery Note 1 FV 436, 1 CP, 1 FV432/CB, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Abbot, 1 Stalwart 1 FV 436, 1 CP, 1 FV432/CB, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 M109, 1 Stalwart 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Abbot, 1 Stalwart Individual batteries may be attached to Armoured Regiments or Mechanized battalions. M110 battery is intended to fire counter battery fire Corps level artillery had M110 and M107 in Regiments of 3 batteries.

21 N British Armoured Division Artillery Brigade 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 2 FV 436, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 3 Light Regiment HQ each 1 FV 436, 1 CP, 1 FV432/CB, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Abbot, 1 Stalwart Or 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 M109, 1 Stalwart Or 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 AS90, 1 Stalwart 1 Heavy Regiment HQ 1 FV 436, 1 CP, 1 FV432/CB, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 M110, 1 Stalwart Or 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 MRLS, 1 Stalwart Note Abbots appear to have been out of service by 1990/1, only M109 were taken to the Gulf. AS90 started entering service in 1991, post Desert Sabre, and may have fully replaced M109. MRLS is post Gulf as well. 21 O British Artillery Division Artillery Regiment 1984 to 1997 Headquarters 2 FV 436, 1 CP, 1 FV432/CB, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 M107, 1 Stalwart Or 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 M110, 1 Stalwart Or 2 FV432, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 MRLS, 1 Stalwart Note M107 and M110 are to be replaced by MLRS. M107 went first by 1990, but M110 were still in service in 1991, and remained until 1993. 21 P British Medium Air Defense Regiment 1985 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Sultan, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Towed Batteries each 4 Truck, 2 Rapier 2 Self-Propelled Batteries ea 2 TR1, 2 M548 Note These units may be attached out as individual troops. 21 Q British Light Air Defense Regiment 1997 to 2003 Headquarters 2 Sultan, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Self-Propelled Batteries ea 4 Starstreak Note These units may be attached out as individual troops. 21 R British Towed Artillery Regiment 1966 to 1997 Headquarters 3 LR, 1 Ferret 1, 1 Loc, 1OP, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 4 Trucks, 2 105Ha or 105Hb or 5.5H or 155Hb, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR

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Note 105Ha were replaced in front line units by 1983. 5.5” guns remained until 1980, but 155Hb entered service in 1978. Airmobile units used the 105Hb and NATO brigades used the 155Hb. 1958 to 1976 2 Saracen, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Sioux 3 Saracen, 3 Rifle 2 Saladin, 2 Ferret 2 or 1 Ferret 2 and 1 Ferret 6

. 21 S British Medium Recce Regiment Headquarters 1 Flight 1 Assault Squadron 3 Recce Squadrons each

21 T British Light Recce Regiment 1970 to 1986 (Territorial Army) Headquarters 2 Saracen, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Recce Squadrons each 4 Fox, 1 Saracen 1 Rifle and 1 Ferret 6 21 U British Medium Recce Regiment Germany 1972 to 1997 Headquarters 3 Sultan, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Ferret 1, 1 Samson, 1 Spartan, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 1 Spartan, 1 GSR, 1 Striker, 4 Scorpion or 2 Scorpion, 2 Scimitar Note Units in NATO have all Scorpion Squadrons; other units have Mixed Scorpion/Scimitar Squadrons. Scorpion replaced by Scimitar in 1999. Scimitar is replaced by Sabre in 2003. 21 V British Engineer Regiment 1976 to 2003 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Field Squadron 3 Com Engr, 3 FV432 1 Armoured Squadron 1 AVLB, 1 AVRE, 1 Pon Engr, 1 FV432, 1 Bridge 1 Support Squadron 1 FV180, 1 Bridge, 1 Truck 21 W Helicopter Regiment 1996 to 2003 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Transport Squadrons each 3 Lynx (Commando Regiment has Sea King) 2 Attack Helicopter Sqns ea 5 AH64 (Commando Regiment has 2 Lynx and 3 Gazelle) Large Units: Armoured Division – 3 Armoured Brigades, 4 Engineer Regiment, 1 Air Defense Regiment, 1 Helicopter Regiment, 1 Recce Regiment, 1 Artillery Brigade (3 Field Regiments, 1 Heavy Regiment) Infantry Division – 2 Mechanized Brigades, 2 Engineer Regiment, 1 Air Defense Regiment, 1 Helicopter Regiment, 1 Recce Regiment, 1 Artillery Brigade (3 Field Regiments, 1 Heavy Regiment) Mechanized Division – 3 Mechanized Brigades, 4 Engineer Regiment, 1 Air Defense Regiment, 1 Helicopter Regiment, 1 Recce Regiment, 1 Artillery Brigade (3 Field Regiments, 1 Heavy Regiment) Field Force – 2 Infantry Brigades, 1 Armoured Brigade, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Light Air Defense

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Regiment (Javelin), 1 Helicopter Battalion, 1 Medium Recce Regiment, 1 Artillery Brigade (Towed), 1 Helicopter Regiment 3rd Commando Brigade – 3 Commando Battalions, 1 Engineer Squadron, 1 Field Artillery Regiment (towed 105mm), 1 Air Defence Troop, 1 Helicopter Regiment 16th Air Assault Brigade - 5 Airmobile Battalions, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Field Artillery Regiment (towed 105mm), 1 Air Defence Troop, 3 Helicopter Regiments, RAF Support Unit (6 CH47 and 6 Puma) Territorial Army Brigade – 1 Light Recce Regiment, 5 Lorried Infantry Battalions, 1 Towed 105mm Artillery Battalion, 1 AA Detachment (Javelin), 1 Engineer Squadron

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22 The Chinese People’s Liberation Army The World’s largest army, which may now be conscript, although it was until the 1980’s an all-volunteer force. This army makes an interesting opponent for both Russians and Vietnamese. Post 1990 the Chinese had a look at the American method of warfare as part of their modernization they decided that they could not have enough anti-aircraft. Divisions now have an amazing 7 antiaircraft battalions! 22 A Chinese Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1960 to 1997 (Commands 3 battalions) Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV Engineer Company 2 Combat Engr Anti Tank Company 3 82RR or 3 Sagger (From 1975) or 3 Milan (From 1985) Anti Aircraft MG Company 2 MG Mortar Company 1 OP, 1 CP, 3 82M Note This unit may be motorized with trucks and jeeps. For Mechanized units replace soft transport with APCs, types are covered in 22 C use 22 B after 1990 for mechanized units. Upgrade anti-aircraft company to Regimental Antiaircraft battalion after 1990. 22 B Chinese Tank or Mechanized Infantry (Post 1990) Regiment Headquarters 1960 to 1997 (Commands 3 battalions) Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 APC, 1 AVLB, 1 Sigs, 1 CP, 1 Gaz, 1 ARV Engineer Company 2 Combat Engr, 1 Pon Engr, 1 Bridge, 1 AVLB, 1 MLG Reconnaissance Company 2 APC, 2 Scout Note Tanks can be: T34 to 1970 Type 59 from 1958 Type 69 from 1975 Type 59/79 from 1979 Type 80 from 1985 Add an air defense battalion, 1 mechanized infantry battalion (IFV) and an artillery battalion (122mm SP) after 1990 22 C Chinese Infantry Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 60M, 1 57RR, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle Machinegun Company 3 MG Mortar Company 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 82M, 1 75RR Note Motorized units are mounted in Field Cars for the CP/OPs, and trucks for the companies. Mechanized units use APCs and do not have the Machinegun Company. APCs can be: Type 56 from 1954 (BTR-152) YW 531 from 1967 Type 85 after 1985 Type 86 from 1986 (BMP1) Other types also exist. 22 D Chinese Infantry Division Tank Assault Gun Regiment 1960 to 1990

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Headquarters Tank Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each Assault Gun Battalion Note 1 Type 59 or Type 62 or T34/85, 2 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Type 59 or Type 62 or T34/85 3 Type 59 or Type 62 or T34/85 3 SU 100 This unit was re-activated as a tank battalion in the 1990s.

22 E Chinese Tank Battalion 1970 to 1997 Headquarters 1 Type 59 or Type 69 or Type 59/79 or Type 80, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 3 Tank Companies each 4 Type 59 or Type 69 or Type 59/79 or Type 80 Note Only one tank type can be used. These formations were not organized until the T34 had been taken out of service, but could have existed as independent battalions prior to this. In this case the T34 can be used. Dates for vehicles are shown under the Tank Regiment Headquarters, 22 B 22 F Chinese Army Recce Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 1 Light Tank Company 3 Type 63 or PT76 3 Motorcycle Companies each 3 M/C, 3 Scout Note Use 22 G after 1990 for Tank or Mechanized Divisions. 22 G Chinese Army Recce Battalion 1990 to 1997 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 2 Light Tank Company each 3 Type 63 or PT76 1 Infantry Company 3 IFV, 3 Scout 22 H Chinese Artillery Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Gaz, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 Truck, 2 76H or 85H or 100H or 120M or 160M or 107mm MLRS (May be Self-Propelled or towed), 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Gaz Note Tank Divisions have Self-Propelled weapons, Infantry Divisions towed ones. 22 I Chinese Anti-Aircraft Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 ARV Anti Aircraft Light Battery 3 Truck, 3 14.5AAG Anti Aircraft Heavy Battery 4 Truck, 4 37 or 57AAG or 4 T34/37AA Note Tank divisions have the Self-Propelled 37mm. Use 22 J for tank or mechanized units after 1990. 22 J Chinese Tank or Mechanized Divisional Anti-Aircraft Battalion 1990 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 ARV 2 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 4 Truck, 4 37 or 57AAG Note A division has one battalion of each 37 and 57mm AAG and one battalion of SAM organized into a regiment.

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22 K Chinese Mechanized Regimental Anti-Aircraft Battalion 1990 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 ARV Anti Aircraft Gun Battery 3 SPAAG Anti Aircraft Missile Battery 4 Truck, 4 SA7 Note SPAAG can be T34/37 or Type 95 22 L Chinese Infantry Regimental Anti-Aircraft Battalion 1990 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 ARV Anti Aircraft Gun Battery 3 37AA, 3 Truck Anti Aircraft Missile Battery 4 Truck, 4 SA7 22 M Chinese Engineer Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 1 Combat Engineer Company 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck 1 Assault Engineer Company 1 Gaz/MG, 2 GSP, 2 PT54, 2 Truck with 10 Rafts 1 Bridging Company 1 Truck with 5 Rafts, 1 Const Engr, 6 Truck, 5 Bridge 1 Construction Company 4 Dump Truck, 2 BAT-M, 2 Bulldozer 22 N Chinese Divisional Anti-Tank Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 ARV 2 Anti-Tank Batteries each 4 Truck, 4 ATG Note ATG can be 57mm, 85mm, 100mm ATG and can be self propelled or towed. Large Units: Tank Division – 2 Tank Regiments, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 152mm Battalions and 1 MRL Battalion), 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Recon Battalion Tank Division Post 1990 – 2 Tank Regiments, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 152mm Battalions and 1 MRL Battalion), 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment (2 Gun Battalions (37mm and 57mm), 1 SAM Battalion), 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Recon Battalion Motor Rifle Division – 1 Tank Regiment, 2 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 152mm Battalions and 1 MRL Battalion), 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Recon Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion (Self Propelled) Motor Rifle Division Post 1990 – 1 Tank Regiment, 2 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 152mm Battalions and 1 MRL Battalion), 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment (2 Gun Battalions (37mm and 57mm), 1 SAM Battalion), 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Recon Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion (Self Propelled) Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 152mm Battalions and 1 MRL Battalion), 1 Tank Assault Gun Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion

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Infantry Division Post 1990 – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 152mm Battalions, 1 Mortar Battalion (120mm) and 1 MRL Battalion), 1 Tank Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment (2 Gun Battalions (37mm and 57mm), 1 SAM Battalion), 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Airborne Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 152mm Battalions and 1 MRL Battalion), 1 Assault Gun Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Independent Armour Brigade – 4 Tank Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion (Self Propelled), 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (Self Propelled), 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recce Company (This is an army level controlled breakthrough and exploitation unit usually one per Army HQ) Army Artillery Brigade – 2 Anti-Tank Battalions (Self Propelled), 2 MRL Battalions, 4 Artillery Battalions (one per Army HQ)

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23 The Egyptian Army 1956 to 1997 The major Arab army fighting Israel, and despite the results obtained one of the more effective. Initially it had British equipment, but by 1956 it had received much Russian equipment, whilst in the late 1970’s it moved on to American vehicles, with a Soviet basic organization. 23 A Egyptian Brigade Headquarters 1956 to 1960 Headquarters 4 Trucks, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Engr, 1 T34/85 or Sherman (Tank Regiment only), 1 ARV 23 B Egyptian Armoured Regiment 1956 to 1960 Headquarters 1 Sherman, or T34/85, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 Sherman or 3 T34/85, or Sherman HV Note Only 1 Company may have Sherman HV. This may be used in a Sherman regiment, other than this the tanks may not be mixed. Shermans go with infantry and T34 with tank units. 23 C Egyptian Infantry Battalion 1956 Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Machinegun Company 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Mortar Battery Note to 1960 4 Trucks or BTR152, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs 3 Truck or BTR152, 3 Rifle 2 Bren, 2 MG 2 Bren, 2 57ATG 1 Truck, 107M Companies may also be in Universal Carriers. Units in BTR152 form part of armoured brigades, those in trucks form part of infantry brigades.

23 D Egyptian Anti-Tank or Heavy Tank Battalion 1956 to 1960 Headquarters 1 BTR152, 1 CP, 2 Truck, Sigs 3 Batteries each 2 SU100 or JS3 Or 3 Archer Note Archers are used with infantry units, SU100 with Tank units, and JS3 are independent. SU100 units may be used until 1967, the JS3 are covered below. 23 E Egyptian Divisional Recce Battalion 1956 to 1960 Headquarters 1 Bren, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Companies each 2 Sherman, 1 Bren 23 F Egyptian Artillery Battalion 1956 to 1970 Headquarters 2 Trucks, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Batteries each 4 Trucks, 2 25H or 122Ha or 2 5.5H or 152Ha or 2 BM 24, 2 Trucks, 1 CP, 1 Gaz Note 25H and 5.5H may only be used with Infantry, and were out of service by 1965, although the Palestinian Division had 25H in 1967. BM24 did not come into service until 1965.

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23 G Egyptian Regimental Headquarters 1961 to 1970 (May command 3 infantry battalions plus attachments) Headquarters 1 BTR50 or BTR60 or Walid or Truck, 1 CP, 1 Recon, 1 BTR40, 1 T34/85 or T54/T55 (In tank units only), 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV Regimental AA Company 2 ZSU57 Regimental Recce Company 2 BTR40, 2 Recon, 2 PT76 Regimental AT Company 2 Trucks, 2 85ATG or 100ATG Regimental Mortar Company 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 Trucks, 2 120M Regimental Engineer Coy 3 BTR50, 3 Combat Engr Note The unit above is a composite. Tank Units do not have anti-tank company, and may lack the Mortar Company. They command no infantry. Similarly Mechanized and Infantry units have no armour. Tank units use BTR-50, others use any other APC. Any type may use T34’s, and 1 Company of JS3, Tank Regiments should have either T54/55, or 2 T34/85 and 1 JS3 battalion. 23 H Egyptian Tank Battalion 1961 to 1982 Headquarters 1 BTR50, 1 BRDM1, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 T34/85 or JS3 or T54/55 or T62, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Companies each 3 T34/85 or JS3 or T54 or T55 or T62 Note T34 and JS3 were out of service (destroyed) after the 1967 war, T62’s started to appear in small numbers from 1970.

23 I Egyptian Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1961 to 1982 Headquarters 1 BTR50 or BTR60 or OT62 or BMP-Comd, 1 CP, 2 BRDM1, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 4 Trucks, 1 SA7 3 Infantry Companies each 3 BMP or BTR50 or BTR60 or OT62, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Platoon 3 BTR50 or OT62 or BTR60, 2 82M, 1 CP 1 Anti-Tank Platoon 2 BTR50 or BTR152, 2 82RR or 2 Gaz, 2 82RR or 2 Gaz, 2 Sagger Note BTR50, OT62, and BMP1 are only used in Tank regiments, BTR60 in Mechanized Regiments, Trucks, BTR152 and Walid can be substituted for BTR60. BMP and OT62 entered service in 1972. 23 J Egyptian Artillery Battalion 1970 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Gaz, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 2 Batteries each 4 Truck, 1 Gaz, 2 122Ha or Hb or 160M or 130H or 180H, 1 CP, 1 Gaz Or 2 BM 24, 2 Trucks, 1 Gaz, 1 CP Note 180mm only lasted for the 1973 war, first used in 1968. 23 K Egyptian Regimental Headquarters 1971 to 1997 (May command 3 infantry battalions, 1 tank battalion plus attachments) Headquarters 1 BTR50 or BTR60 or M577 or BMP-Comd, 1 CP, 2 BRDM1, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 1 T54/T55 or T62 or M60 or M1, 1

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Regimental AA Company Regimental Recce Company Regimental AT Company Regimental Mortar Company Regimental Engr Company Note Truck, 1 ARV 2 ZSU23, 1 SA9 3 BRDM 2 2 BRDM/AT, or M901 2 BRDM2, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 2 120M 3 BTR50, 2 Combat Engr, 1 Const Engr, 1 AVLB The unit above is a composite. Tank units do not have Anti-Tank Company, and may lack the Mortar Company. Tank units use BTR50 or M577, Mechanized use M577 or BTR60. Tank Regiments may have any type of tank. Infantry Regiments have either M60 or T55. American equipment started to appear in 1982, the M1 in 1994. The M1 may not be used with Russian equipment if an alternative is offered.

23 L Egyptian Tank Battalion 1982 to 1997 Headquarters 2 BTR50 or OT62 or M113, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 T54/5 or 1 T62 or 1 M60 or M1, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 3 T54/5 or T62 or M60 or M1 Note T54/5 and T62 have been gradually upgraded with new night fighting kit and improved fire controls. The M1 was first used in 1994. M60 and M1 units use M577 command, the OT62 appears to have been taken out of service some time during the late 1980’s, but are probably still in reserve. 23 M Egyptian Mechanized Infantry Battalion (BTR or M113) 1982 to 1997 Headquarters 1 BTR50 or BTR60 or M113, 1 CP, 1 BRDM2, 1 BRDM2 or M113, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 SA7 3 Infantry Companies each 3 BTR50 or BTR60 or M113, 3 Rifle, 1 Sagger or Milan (M113 units) 1 Mortar Platoon 3 BTR50 or BTR60, 1 CP, 2 82M or 1 M125 for M113 units. 1 Anti-Tank Platoon 2 Gaz, 2 Sagger or Milan (M113 units only) Note BTR50, are only in Tank regiments, BTR60 in Mechanized Regiments, M113 in either. A new series of vehicles known as Fahd is entering service to replace the Walid in reserve units. It is also rumoured that the YPR-765 may be introduced to replace the BTRs, and also BMPs, the battalion structure is then as below. 23 N Egyptian Mechanized Infantry Battalion (BMP) 1982 to 1997 Headquarters 1 BMP-Comd, 1 CP, 2 BRDM 2, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 SA7 3 Infantry Companies each 3 BMP, Rifle 1 Mortar Platoon 3 BTR50, 2 82M, 1 CP Note These units are only in Tank regiments. The notes under 23 M about YPR-765 apply. The Egyptian army will look very western by 2005.

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23 O Egyptian Engineer Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 1 Combat Engr Company 3 Com Engr, 1 GMZ, 3 APC, 1 IMR 1 Assault Engr Company 1 BRDM1 or 2, 2 GSP, 2 PT54, 2 Truck with 10 Rafts 1 Bridging Company 1 Truck with 5 Rafts, 1 Const Engr, 1 BTR152, 4 PMP 1 Tech Engr Company 2 Bulldozer, 1 BAT-M 1 Construction Company 4 Dump Truck, 2 BAT-M, 2 Bulldozer 23 P Egyptian Anti Aircraft Battalion 23 Q Egyptian Helicopter Regiment Large Units: Armoured Division – 2 Tank Regiments, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Mechanized Infantry Division – 1 Tank Regiment, 2 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Assault Gun or Tank Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Air Mobile Brigade – 3 Commando Battalions, 1 Helicopter Regiment

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24 The French Army Able, despite the almost complete destruction of France in 1940, to be the only fully independent army in Western Europe, and only with loose ties to NATO. The French have a considerable worldwide capability and maintain large and varied light forces to allow this. From 1978 French divisions have really been large brigades, so from that date on the Brigade level Headquarters is called Divisional. Prior to 1956 use US Army World War 2 organization, in 1974 the French army turned their divisions in really large brigades and added mixed company to each battalion sized unit. In 1999 the French Army again re-organized again this time discarding the concept of divi sions and resting its ORBAT on big self contained brigades of un-mixed battalion sized units. By 2001 the French army consisted of 51 regular army Regiments (big battalions) units and 30 reserve army units; there is an unknown number of mobilization units for which older equipment is held in store. 24 A French Armoured Brigade Headquarters 1956 to 1966 (Commands 3 Tank Regiment, 1 Infantry Regiment) Headquarters 1 M47, 2 AMX-VCI, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Brigade Engineer Company 3 AMX-VCI, 2 Combat Engr, 1 Const Engr, 1 AVLB Recce Groupe Headquarters 3 Jeep/MG 2 Sections each 2 EBR90 Note The M47 can be replaced with M4/76 and the AMX-VCI with M3 HT in reserve units 24 B French Mechanized Regiment 1956 to 1966 Headquarters 2 AMX-VCI, 1 CP, 1 AMX13/75, 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Anti-Tank Section 2 Jeep/106 2 Infantry Companies 3 AMX-VCI, 3 Rifle 2 Tank Companies 4 AMX13/75 or AMX13/90 1 Regimental Mortar Battery 2 Trucks, 2 120M, 1 Jeep, 1 CP 24 C French Armoured Regiment 1956 to 1966 Headquarters 1 M47, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV Regimental AT Company 3 AMX13/75 SS 2 Tank Battalions HQ 1 M47 3 Companies each 4 M47 Note 1 Battalion may be fielded individually, in which case an infantry company may be added. 24 D French Brigade Artillery Regiment 1956 to 1966 Headquarters 3 Truck or AMX-VCI, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 2 Battalions each Headquarters 1 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 Truck 2 Batteries each 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 M7 Priest or AMX105 Or 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 105Ha, 4 Truck Note The Self-Propelled units are part of an armoured unit, towed part of an infantry brigade. Towed 105mm may be upgraded to 155mm; individual Battalions may be attached to Regiments, and batteries to battalions.

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24 E French NATO Infantry Brigade 1956 to 1974 (May command 3 Infantry & 1 Light Tank Regiment) Headquarters 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 1 Recce Company 2 Jeep/MG, 2 AML90, 2 AML60, 1 Jeep/106 1 Engineer Company 3 Truck, 3 Combat Engr Note This type of formation could also be used on colonial operations. 24 F French NATO Motorized Infantry Battalion 1956 to 1974 Headquarters 1 Jeep, 4 Truck, 1 Jeep/MG, 2 Jeep/106, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 81M 4 Companies each 3 Trucks, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 120M, 4 Truck Note Out of Europe (FAR) units, such as the Foreign Legion, or Paras use this basic organization with 4 120mm Mortars and 8 Trucks. 24 G French Light Armoured Regiment 1956 to 1974 Headquarters 1 AMX13/75 or 1 AMX13/90, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 AMX13/75 or AMX13/90, 2 Jeep/MG 1 Company 3 AMX13/75 SS11 or 3 AMX13/90 ENTAC Note The AMX13/90 appeared in 1963, the types may not be mixed. In Out of Area units this regiment may be replaced by an Armoured Car regiment, of 3 Companies organized as the Brigade Recce Company, with a headquarters of 1 Jeep, 1 CP and 1 Jeep/MG. 24 H French Armoured Division Headquarters 1966 to 2000 Headquarters 2 AMXVCI or AMX10P, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 AMX-DCA, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Anti Tank Company 3 VAB/HOT Helicopter Flight 2 Allouettte III/SS, 1 Allouette III/20 Recce Company 6 EBR90, 4 Jeep/MG Or 2 Jeep or VBL/Milan, 1 Jeep or VBL, 1 GSR, 3 Jeep or VBL/MG Note Equipment can be used from the following dates: AMX10P from 1975 AMX-VCI to 1995 VAB/Genie from 1980 VBL from 1986 24 I French Armoured Regiment 1966 to 2000 Headquarters 1 M47 or AMX30 or Leclec, 1 Jeep/MG, 1 Sigs, 1 CP, 2 AMX-VCI, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Companies each 4 M47 or AMX30 or LeClerc 1 Company 3 AMX-VCI, 3 Rifle Or 3 AMX10P, 3 Rifle

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Note AMX-VCI can be substituted for AMX10P until 1994, but not with LeClerc. M47 can be used until 1970, AMX30 from 1970, and LeClerc from 1995. VBL may be used from 1987.

24 J French Mechanized Infantry Regiment 1966 to 1974 Headquarters 2 AMX-VCI, 1 CP, 1 Jeep/MG, 1 MG, 1 AMX13/75 or AMX13/90, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Companies each 3 AMX-VCI, 3 Rifle 2 Companies each 4 AMX13/75 or AMX13/90, 1 AMX13/75SS or 1 AMX13/90ENTAC Note AMX13 may not be used after 1970. 24 K French Mechanized Infantry Regiment 1975 to 2000 Headquarters 3 AMX10P, 1 CP, 1 MG, 2 Milan, 1 VBL, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Companies each 3 AMX10P, 3 Rifle, 3 Eryx 1 Company 3 AMX30 or LeClerc 1 Mortar Battery 3 AMX10P, 1 CP, 2 120M Note AMX -VCI can be used until 1994, LeClerc from 1995. Eryx ATGW may also be used, from 1995. 24 L French Engineer Regiment 1975 mountain, see below for parachute) Headquarters 2 Combat Companies each 1 Support Company to 2000 (Whether marine, mechanized, motorized or 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Com Engr, 3 VAB, 1 MPG 2 Bulldozer, 2 Pon Engr, 3Truck, 1 Bridge

24 M French NATO Artillery Regiment 1966 to 1984 Headquarters 1 AMX-VCI, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 AMX-VCI, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 AMXF3, 2 Trucks Or 2 Jeep, 1CP, 1 OP, 2 Trucks, 2 155Ha Note Light units for airmobile divisions have 105mm towed by trucks. AMXF3 are used with armoured divisions, towed 155mm with motorized ones. Individual batteries may be attached to Battalions. 24 N French NATO Motorized Infantry Headquarters 1 Anti Tank Company Recce Company Helicopter Flight Note Division Headquarters 1974 to 2000 2 VAB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 VAB HOT 2 Jeep/106 or VBL/Milan, 1 Jeep or VBL, 1 GSR, 3 Jeep/MG or VBL/MG 2 Gazelle/HOT, 1 Gazelle/20 This unit forms part of the NATO force, for out of Europe forces replace the VAB with Trucks, and VAB/HOT with Jeep or VBL /MILAN.

24 O French NATO Motorized Infantry Regiment 1974 to 2000 Headquarters 6 VAB, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 MG, 4 Milan, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1

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4 Infantry Companies each 1 Anti Aircraft Company 1 Mortar Battery Note ARV 3 VAB, 3 Rifle, 3 Eryx 3 VAB, 3 20AAG 1 VBL, 1 OP, 3 VAB, 2 120M, CP This unit is NATO committed, but is similar to the FAR units. It may replace its VAB with Pumas, and headquarters VABs with Lynx, OP’s have Gazelle. FAR units replace their troop carrying and towing VABs with trucks. The anti aircraft company has only one weapon, add it to Headquarters, and change the mortar battery to 1 81mm, and 1 120mm, each with a truck.

24 P French Light Armoured Regiment 1984 to 2000 Headquarters 2 VAB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 4 AMX10RC, or ERC90 Note AMX10RC are used in NATO units, and were taken to the Gulf. ERC90 in theory are with FAR units, but may also appear in NATO. Found in divisions and one per Corps. 24 Q French NATO Artillery Regiment 1984 to 2000 Headquarters 3 AMX10P or AMX-VCI or Truck, 1 CP, 1 Loc Arty, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Batteries each 2 AMXF3 or GCT or 2 Trucks and 2 155Ha, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep or AMX10P or VAB or VBL, 2 Trucks 1 Anti Aircraft Battery 2 Trucks, 2 40AA Note The F3 is probably out of service. Towed guns are restricted to Motorized units, the weapons may have been updated. FAR units may have towed 155mm, or replace these with 105mm or 2 batteries of 105mm and 2 batteries of 120mm mortars. Some FAR units replace the 40AAG with 20AAG. Individual batteries may be attached to regiments. At least two regiments of 155mm caliber are found in a Corps. Missile regiments have only three batteries and are armed with either Pluton (Nuclear capable) or MRLS (Varying depending on date). Pluton armed units are an army asset, others are a Corps asset. 24 R French Parachute Light Armoured Regiment 1980 to 2000 Headquarters 1 ERC, 2 VAB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 20AAG, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 ERC Recon, 1 VBL/Milan 24 S French Parachute Infantry Regiment 1980 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VBL, 1 VBL TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 20AAG, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Airborne Companies 3 Inf, 1 Milan, 1 81M, 5 VLB Weapons Company 3 VBL Recon, 1 120M, 1 OP, 2 Milan, 1 20AAG, 5 VLB 24 T French Parachute Artillery Regiment 1980 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 3 OP, 5 VBL, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Truck, 1 Sigs

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3 Composite Batteries 1 105H, 1 120M, 1 20AAG, 4 VLB, 1 CP, 2 Truck

24 U French Parachute Engineer Regiment 1980 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VBL, 1 VBL TOC, 1 VBL Recon, 1 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Engineer Companies 3 Com Engr, 3 VBL, 1 VBL Minelayer, 24 V French Marine Parachute Regiment 1980 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VBL, 1 VBL TOC, 1 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Marine AB Companies each 3 Inf, 1 Milan, 1 81M, 5 VBL 1 Weapons Company 3 VBL Recon, 1 120M, 1 OP, 2 Milan, 1 20AAG, 5 VLB 24 W French Combat Helicopter Regiment 1980 to 2000 Headquarters 1 Puma Observation Squadron 2 Gazelle Gunship Squadron 2 Gazelle AH Anti Tank Squadron 2 Gazelle/HOT Maneuver Squadron 2 Puma 24 X French Anti Aircraft Regiment 1974 to 2000 (Corps asset) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VBL TOC, 1 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Missile Batteries each 3 Roland 1 Gun Battery 4 AMX-DCA 24 Y French Parachute Infantry Division Headquarters 1974 to 2000 Headquarters 2 VBL, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 24 Z French Armoured Brigade Headquarters 2000+ (Commands 1 Large Armoured Regiment, 2 Small Armoured Regiments, 2 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Regiment and 1 Mechanized Engineer Regiment) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Reconnaissance Company 1 VBL, 2 VBL/MG, 1 VBL/Milan Anti Tank Company 4 VAB/HOT, 2 VBL 24 AA French Light Armoured Brigade Headquarters 2000+ (Commands 2 Light Armoured Regiments, 2 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Regiment and 1 Mechanized Engineer Regiment) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Reconnaissance Company 1 VBL, 2 VBL/MG, 1 VBL/Milan Anti Tank Company 4 VAB/HOT, 2 VBL 24 AB French Mechanized Brigade Headquarters 2000+ (Commands 1 Armoured Regiment, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Motorized Infantry Regiment, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Regiment and 1 Mechanized Engineer Regiment) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Reconnaissance Company 1 VBL, 2 VBL/MG, 1 VBL/Milan Anti Tank Company 4 VAB/HOT, 2 VBL 24 AC French Mountain Brigade Headquarters 2000+ (Commands 1 Mountain Light Armoured Regiment, 3 Mountain Infantry Regiments, 1 Mountain Artillery Regiment and 1 Mountain Engineer

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Regiment) Headquarters Reconnaissance Company 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 VBL, 2 VBL/MG, 1 VBL/Milan

24 AD French Parachute Brigade Headquarters 2000+ (Commands 1 Parachute Light Armoured Regiment, 4 Parachute Infantry Regiments, 1 Parachute Artillery Regiment and 1 Parachute Engineer Regiment) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VLB, 1 VLB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Reconnaissance Company 1 VBL, 2 VBL/MG, 1 VBL/Milan 24 AE French Engineer Brigade Headquarters 2000+ (Commands 1 Bridging Regiment, 3 Engineer Support Regiments) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 24 AF French Specialized Artillery Brigade Headquarters 2000+ (Commands 1 Counter Battery Regiment, 1 SAM Regiment (HAWK), 1 SAM Regiment (ROLAND/MISTRAL) and 1 SAM Regiment (CAROL/MISTRAL)) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 A 24 AG French Airmobile Brigade Headquarters 2000+ (Commands 2 Attack Helicopter Regiments (EHAP/EHAC), 1 Manoeuvre Regiment (EHAP/EHM) and 1 Reconnaissance Regiment) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 24 AH French Large Armoured Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 LeClerc, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 AMX D 2 Battalions each Headquarters 1 CP, 1 LeClerc, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 AMX D 3 Tank Companies ea 3 LeClerc Note One of these per armoured brigade. Used as a heavy armour offensive force and will always be equipped with LeClerc. 24 AI French Armoured Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 LeClerc, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 AMX D 4 Tank Companies each 3 LeClerc Note Mobilization and reserve units will continue to use the AMX30B2 until 2010 at least. One regiment in an armoured brigade will continue to be equipped with AMX30B2. 24 AJ French Light Armoured Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 AMX10 RC, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 VAB/AA 4 Tank Companies each 4 AMX10 RC

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24 AK French Mountain Light Armoured Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 VBL, 1 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 VAB/AA 4 Companies each 3 ERC90 1 Anti Tank Company 4 VBL/Milan, 2 VBL/MG 24 AL French Parachute Light Armoured Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VBL, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 VAB/AA 4 Companies each 3 ERC90 1 Anti Tank Company 4 VBL/Milan, 2 VBL/MG 24 AM French Mechanized Infantry Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 AMX10, 1 AMX CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 AMX10/AA 4 Infantry Companies each 2 Eryx, 3 Rifle, 3 AMX10 1 Support Company 2 81M, 1 VAB/120, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3, Eryx, 2 VBL, 3 AMX10, 2 VBL/MG 24 AN French Motorized Infantry Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 VAB/AA 4 Infantry Companies each 3 Eryx, 3 Rifle, 3 VAB 1 Support Company 2 81M, 1 VAB/120, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3, Eryx, 5 VBL, 2 VBL/MG 24 AO French Mountain Infantry Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 VAB/AA 4 Infantry Companies each 3 Eryx, 3 Rifle, 3 VAB 1 Support Company 2 81M, 1 VAB/120, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3, Eryx, 5 VBL, 2 VBL/MG 24 AP French Parachute Infantry Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VBL, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 VAB/AA 4 Infantry Companies each 3 Eryx, 3 Rifle, 3 VAB 1 Support Company 2 81M, 1 VAB/120, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3, Eryx, 5 VBL, 2 VBL/MG 24 AQ French Artillery Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Loc Arty, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 2 20AA, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 155Hc, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1OP, 2 VAB 24 AR French Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Loc Arty, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 2 20AA, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Batteries each 2 GCT, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 VAB

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24 AS French Mountain Artillery Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Loc Arty, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 2 20AA, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 155Hc, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1OP, 2 VAB 24 AT French Parachute Artillery Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Loc Arty, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 2 20AA, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 155Hc, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1OP, 2 VAB or 2 VLA/120, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 VBL Note Use the second battery ORBAT when doing an airborne or mobile mission. 24 AU French Mechanized Engineer Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Combat Companies each 3 Com Engr, 3 VAB, 1 MPG 1 Support Company 2 Bulldozer, 2 Pon Engr, 3Truck, 1 Bridge 24 AV French Light Mechanized Engineer Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Combat Companies each 3 Com Engr, 3 VAB, 1 MPG 1 Armoured Company 3 Pon Engr, 2 VAB, 2 AVLB, 2 Tank Bridge, 1 CEV 1 Support Company 2 Bulldozer, 2 Pon Engr, 3Truck, 1 Bridge 24 AW French Mountain Engineer Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Combat Companies each 3 Com Engr, 3 VAB, 1 MPG 1 Support Company 2 Bulldozer, 2 Pon Engr, 3Truck, 1 Bridge 24 AX French Parachute Engineer Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Combat Companies each 3 Com Engr, 3 VAB, 1 MPG 1 Support Company 2 Bulldozer, 2 Pon Engr, 3Truck, 1 Bridge 24 AY French Bridging Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Motorized Companies each 2 Pon Engr, 4 Truck Bridge, 2 Raft, 8 Truck 1 Fixed Bridge Company 3 Pon Engr, 6 Truck Bridge, 3 Raft, 12 Truck 1 Support Company 2 Bulldozer, 2 Pon Engr, 3Truck, 1 Bridge 24 AZ French Engineer Support Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Ferry Company 2 Pon Engr, 6 Ferry, 2 Truck 1 Raft Company 2 Pon Engr, 9 Raft, 11 Truck 3 Support Companies each 2 Bulldozer, 2 Pon Engr, 3 Truck, 1 Bridge 24 BA French Counter Battery (LRM) Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV

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3 LRM Batteries each 1 Radar Battery 2 MLRS, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 VAB 4 CB Rad, 4 Truck

24 BB French SAM Regiment 2000+ (HAWK) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Batteries each 1 AD Rad, 1 Hawk, 2 Truck 1 Radar Battery 2 AD Rad, 2 Truck 24 BC French SAM Regiment 2000+ (ROLAND/MISTRAL) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 ROLAND Batteries each 3 AMX Roland 2 MISTRAL Batteries each 4 Mistral, 4 Truck 1 Radar Battery 2 AD Rad, 2 Truck 24 BD French SAM Regiment 2000+ (CROTALE/MISTRAL) Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 CROTALE Batteries each 2 Crotale 2 MISTRAL Batteries each 4 Mistral, 4 Truck 1 Radar Battery 2 AD Rad, 2 Truck 24 BE French Attack Helicopter Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 EHR Company 2 EHAP Companies each 2 EHAP 2 EHAC Companies each 2 EHAC 1 EHM Company 24 BF French Manoeuvre Helicopter Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 ESR Company 1 EHAP Company 2 EHAP 4 EHM Company 24 BG French Helicopter Reconnaissance Regiment 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 2 VAB, 1 VAB TOC, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 ESR Company 1 EHR Company 1 EHAP Company 2 EHAP 1 HORZ Company 2 EHM Company Large Units: Armoured Brigade Headquarters 1956 to 1966 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Tank Regiments, 1 Infantry Regiment NATO Infantry Brigade 1956 to 1974 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Light Tank Regiment

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Armoured Division Headquarters 1956 to 1974 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, Light Armoured Division Headquarters 1956 to 1974 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, NATO Motorized Infantry Division 1956 to 1974 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, Alpine Infantry Division 1956 to 1974 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, Parachute Infantry Division 1956 to 1974 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, Marine Infantry Division 1956 to 1974 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, Armoured Division Headquarters 1974 to 1997 - – 1 Divisional Headquarters, 2 Armoured Regiments, 2 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Motorized Infantry Regiment, 1 Motorized Engineer Regiment, 1 Mechanized Artillery Regiment, 1 Mechanized Engineer Regiment. Light Armoured Division Headquarters 1974 to 2000 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, 2 Light Armoured Regiments, 2 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Mechanized Artillery Regiment, 1 Mechanized Engineer Regiment. NATO Motorized Infantry Division 1974 to 2000 – 1 Divisional Headquarters, 1 Armoured Regiment, 3 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Mechanized Artillery Regiment, 1 Motorized Engineer Regiment. Alpine Infantry Division 1974 to 2000 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, 1 Light Armoured Regiment, 6 Mountain Infantry Regiments (organized administratively into 2 demi-brigades), 1 Mountain Artillery Regiment, 1 Mountain Engineer Regiment (There is only one – the 27th Alpine Division). Airmobile Division 1974 to 2000 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, 1 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 3 Combat Helicopter Regiments (There is only one – the 4th Airmobile Division which is more of a holding unit for airmobile assets and training than a combat formation). Parachute Infantry Division 1974 to 2000 - 1 Parachute Divisional Headquarters, 1 Parachute Light Armoured Regiment, 5 Parachute Infantry Regiments (2 are marines), 1 Parachute Artillery Regiment, 1 Parachute Engineer Regiment (this is the standard doctrinal divisional concept, see 11th Airborne Division below for practical application). Marine Infantry Division 1974 to 2000 - 1 Divisional Headquarters, 2 Light Armoured Regiment, 4 Marine Infantry Regiments (brigaded with a Light Armoured Regiment to form 2 demi brigades), 1 Parachute Marine Regiment (Special Forces Battalion), Marine Artillery Regiment (There is only one – the 9th Marine Division). 6th Light “Daguet” Division 1990-1991 (Gulf War) – 1 Divisional Headquarters, 2 Light Armoured Regiments, 1 Armoured Regiment, 1 Mixed Armoured Regiment (2 companies each AMX10RC and Infantry in VAB), 3 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment (155mm), 1 Recon Regiment (ERC90), 2 Helicopter Regiments, 1 Airmobile Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 2 AA Batteries (Mistral).

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11th Airborne Division 1991 (Gulf War) – 1 Divisional Headquarters, 1 Airborne Armoured Regiment (1st Hussars), 2 Parachute Brigades (consisting of 3 Airborne Regiments and a Brigade Headquarters), 35th Airborne Artillery Regiment, 17th Airborne Engineer Regiment, 1st Marine Parachute Infantry Regiment, 7th Combat Helicopter Regiment. (Infantry units are 3rd Marine Parachute Infantry Regiment, 8th Marine Parachute Infantry Regiment, 9th Chasseur Parachute Infantry Regiment, 6th Marine Parachute Infantry Regiment, 7th Chasseur Parachute Infantry Regiment, and 2nd Foreign Legion Parachute Infantry Regiment). Armoured Brigade 2000+ - 1 Large Armoured Regiment, 2 Small Armoured Regiments, 2 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Regiment, 1 Mechanized Engineer Regiment Light Armoured Brigade 2000+ - 2 Light Armoured Regiments, 2 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Regiment, 1 Mechanized Engineer Regiment Mechanized Brigade 2000+ - 1 Armoured Regiment, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Motorized Infantry Regiments, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Regiment, 1 Mechanized Engineer Regiment Mountain Brigade 2000+ - 1 Mountain Light Armoured Regiment, 3 Mountain Infantry Regiments, 1 Mountain Artillery Regiment, 1 Mountain Engineer Regiment Parachute Brigade 2000+ - 1 Parachute Light Armoured Regiment, 4 Parachute Infantry Regiments, 1 Parachute Artillery Regiment, 1 Parachute Engineer Regiment Engineer Brigade 2000+ - 1 Bridging Regiment, 3 Engineer Support Regiments Specialized Artillery Brigade 2000+ - 1 Counter Battery Regiment, 1 SAM Regiment (HAWK), 1 SAM Regiment (ROLAND/MISTRAL), 1 SAM Regiment (CAROL/MISTRAL) Airmobile Brigade 2000+ - Commands 2 Attack Helicopter Regiments (EHAP/EHAC), 1 Manoeuvre Regiment (EHAP/EHM), 1 Reconnaissance Regiment

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25 The West German and Post Cold War German Army (Bundeswehr) The German army was officially reformed in 1956, but was not fully reorganized until the early 1960’s, although combat troops could have been fielded earlier. Initially the army had almost entirely American equipment and doctrine, but cross-attachment is carried out on a permanent basis by adding a mobilization battalion within the brigade, this adds the differing company type to each panzer or panzer grenadier battalion. Some older equipment survives in the territorial forces, and these plus some of the Jaeger units are committed to homeland defense not NATO command. 25 A German Panzer or Panzer Grenadier Brigade Headquarters 1964 to 1982 (May command 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 M113, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Recce Company 3 Spz11, 3 Recce or 3 Luchs (From 1975) Brigade Anti Tank Company 3 JPz Rak (Pz Bde) or 2 JPz Kan, 2 JPz Rak (Pz Gren Bde) Brigade Engineer Company 2 M113, 2 Const Engr, 2 AVLB Brigade Anti-aircraft Coy 2 Gerpard, 1 Roland Note Earlier units could replace M113 with trucks for the commander and engineers, and Spz123 the Headquarters infantry platoon. 25 B German Griebs or Luftlander Brigade Headquarters 1964 to 1997 (May command 3 Battalions) Headquarters 2 Jeep or UH1, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck Recce Company 3 Jeep/MG or 3 UH1, 3 Rifle 2 Brigade Anti Tank Company 4 JPz Kan (Griebs Brigade) 1 Brigade Anti Tank Company 2 JPz Rak (Griebs Brigade) 3 Anti Tank Companies 12 Cobra Or Milan (1975), 6 UH1 (Luftlande Brigade) Brigade Engineer Company 3 Truck, 3 Combat Engr Brigade Anti-aircraft Coy Note Luftlande brigade replaces any vehicle not noted with UH1. Light Heimatschutz Kommando brigades replace the anti-tank companies with a M48 panzer company, and delete the Recce Company. One of its infantry battalions may be in M113. 25 C German Panzer Battalion 1964 to 1982 Headquarters 1 M48A2G2 or 1 Leopard1, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Tank Companies each 1 Leopard 1 or M48A2G2 1 Grenadier Company 3 Spz123 or M113 or Marder1, 3 Rifle Note This represents the war organization within a Panzer Brigade. Dates for tanks are as follows; only one type may be used: M48A2 G to 1980 Leopard 1 from 1965 Leopard 1 A1 from 1971 Leopard 1 A3 from 1975 M48 A2G2 from 1979

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Marder APC from 1975

25 D German Panzer Grenadier Battalion 1964 to 1982 Headquarters 3 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Redeye, 1 OP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Grenadier Companies each 3 Spz123 or M113 or Marder1, 3 Rifle 1 Tank Company 3 M48A2G2 or 1 Leopard1 1 Battery 2 M113/120M, 1 M113, 1 CP Note Dates for equipment are as for the Panzer battalion. 25 E German Jaeger, Griebs or Luftlander Battalion 1964 to 1982 Headquarters 3 Truck or UH1, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep or 1 UH1, 2 Cobra, 1 Allouette III, 1 OP, 1 ARV 3 Jaeger Companies each 3 Truck or UH1, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 2 Truck or CH53, 2 120M, 1 CP Note Mountain units use motor transport, Luftlande the Helicopters. Jaeger battalions may have one company in M113 as in Pz Gren Battalion. 25 F German Divisional Recce Battalion 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 4 Spz 222, 1 M113, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 GSR, 1 Engr, 1 OP, 1 Truck, 1 M577, 1 ARV 2 Recce Companies each 4 Spz 222, 4 Recce 1 Platoon 1 M41 or Leopard 1 (for dates on Leopard see Pz Battalion) 1 Support Company 2 M48 or Leopard 1, 1 Spz 222, 1 Rifle Note This unit may be reinforced with one panzer company and one panzer grenadier company. M41’s may not be used with Leopards in the support company. 25 G German Brigade Artillery Battalion 1964 to 1982 Headquarters 2 M113, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 M113, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 2 M109G or 2 Truck and 2 105Ha or 155Ha or 120M Note Individual batteries may be attached to Battalions. M109 is used for Panzer, Panzer Grenadier, and Recce. The towed 105mm are for Mountain or Jaeger Brigades. The Mortars are for Luftlande Brigades. There is also Corp. level towed units, of both 105mm and 155mm weapons. Divisions have one Heavy Battalion with one Battery of two M110 and two of two M107, plus a rocket battalion of two Batteries of two LARS, rest as above. 25 H German Panzer, Panzer Grenadier Brigade Headquarters 1983 to 2000 Headquarters 1 M577, 2 M113, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Recce Company 3 Luchs Anti Tank Company 3 JPz Rak Engineer Company 1 Fuchs, 1 Const Engr, 1 AEV, 1 AVLB Anti Aircraft Company 2 Gepard, 2 Roland

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Attack Helicopter Flight Note 1 Bo105M, 2 Bo105P (attached from Corps) Commands 2 Panzer, and 1 Panzer Grenadier or 2 Panzer Grenadier and 1 Panzer Battalion. It has 1 Artillery Battalion under command.

25 I German Panzer Battalion 1983 to 2000 Headquarters 1 Leopard 1 or Leopard II, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 Sigs, 1 CP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Tank Companies each 3 Leopard I or Leopard II 1 Grenadier Company 3 Marder, 3 Rifle, 1 Milan Note Only 1 type of tank may be used. Dates are as follows: Leopard 1A2 to 1994 Leopard 1A3 from 1982 Leopard 1 A1A to 1986 Leopard 1A5 from 1989 Leopard II from 1982 Leopard II B8 from 1995 Until 1996 Heimatschutz kommando may use M48A2G2. Add a fourth company in 2000. 25 J German Panzer Grenadier Battalion 1983 to 2000 Headquarters 1 M577, 3 M113, 1 Marder, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 Stinger 3 Grenadier Companies each 3 Marder, 3 Rifle, 1 Milan 1 Tank Company As in Panzer Battalion 1 Mortar Battery 2 M113/120, 1 M113, 1 CP Note Until 1987 reserve formations can use Spz 123 in place of marder. Add a fourth company in 2000. 25 K German Luftlande Battalion 1975 to 1997 Headquarters 3 UH1, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 2 Jaeger Companies each 4 UH1, 3 Rifle, 1 Milan, 1 Wiesel/TOW 2 Anti Tank Companies each 3 UH1, 1 Wiesel/TOW, 2 Wiesel/20 Note Wiesel was introduced from 1984 before that use Kraka. A fourth battalion has three Jaeger companies only. 25 L German Divisional Recce Battalion 1975 to 1997 Headquarters 3 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 Combat Engr, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Radar Platoon 3 Fuchs, 3 GSR 2 Recce Companies each 5 Luchs, 1 Leopard 1 or Leopard II 1 Support Company 2 Leopard 1 or Leopard II 1 Mortar Battery 2 M113/120, 1 M113, 1 CP Note For dates on tanks see the Panzer Battalion, only one type of tank may be used in the Reconnaissance and Support companies. 1 Panzer and 1 Panzer Grenadier Company may be attached. Similarly a Flight of Attack helicopters may be added.

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25 M German Brigade Artillery Battalion 1982 to 2000 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 CP, 1 M113/CB, 1 Truck, 1 M577, 1 Sigs 3 Batteries each 2 M113, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3 M109G or 3 Trucks and 3 155Ha or Hb or 105Ha or Hb Note Regular armoured units use M109G (the Panzer Artillery 2000 system is being introduced). Units equipped with Pz Artillery 2000 will have only two batteries. Similarly the towed 155H are for Territorial and mountain units. The Luftlande units now have a Mortar battalion, with 3 batteries of 2 120M. Its “vehicles” are the army helicopters. Divisional and Corps level units have two structures: Three towed batteries with 155Hb and one SelfPropelled Battery of M110 Or Rocket battalion of two batteries of two LARS, two batteries of MLRS 25 N German Anti Aircraft Battalion Large Units: Panzer Division – 2 Panzer Brigades, 1 Panzer Grenadier Brigade, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Reconnaissance Battalion, 1 Engineer Brigade Panzer Grenadier Division – 1 Panzer Brigade, 2 Panzer Grenadier Brigades, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Reconnaissance Battalion, 1 Engineer Brigade Mountain Division – 3 Mountain Brigades, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Reconnaissance Battalion, 1 Engineer Brigade Luftlande Brigade – 3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion

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26 The Iraqi Revolutionary Army 1965 to 1991 One of the most infamous armed forces in recent history; it has few if any redeeming features. Other than this it was trounced in 1973 by the Israelis, and totally mangled by Allied forces in 1991. The best equipment should be reserved for Republican Guard units. Only Soviet made equipment was used against the Israelis in 1967. 26 A Iraqi Brigade Headquarters (Commands 4 Battalions) Headquarters 2 APC, 1 CP, 1 Tank (Tank Regiment only), 1 BRDM 2, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 2 ARV (one each) Recce Company 1 PT76 or AML90 or ERC90, or EE9 (no recce company in infantry units) Anti Aircraft Company 2 ZSU57 or 1 ZSU23, 1 SA9 in tank and mechanized units or 2 23AAG, 2 Truck in Infantry units Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 2 120M or 82M Note In 1965 may use BTR-50, and T55. From 1968 add BTR60, OT-62 and OT64. In 1975 add T62, in 1980 add BMP-Comd, 1982 add YW531 and T72, and in 1983 Type 69, ERC90 in 1987 and EE9 in 1991. Tank Regiments may use BTR50, OT-62, BMP and YW531 and recce uses PT76. Mechanized Regiments use YW531 or any of the other APCs and Armoured Car for Recce Company. Infantry use trucks, these replace all vehicles noted. Armoured and Mechanized use 120mm Mortar Batteries, Infantry use 82mm ones. An Infantry unit has 3 Infantry Battalions in trucks, and may add 1 in APC (most likely BTR60). A Mechanized Unit has 3 Mechanized Battalions with one T55 Battalion. Tank units reverse this and may use any tank type. 26 B Iraqi Tank Battalion 1965 to 1991 Headquarters 1 Tank, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Tank Companies each 4 Tanks Note Tank types are listed under the notes for RHQ, T55, T62 and Type 69 were upgraded with extra armour during 1988 - 90, 26 C Iraqi Infantry/Mechanized Battalion 1965 to 1991 Headquarters 2 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 SA7 3 Companies each 2 BMP1 or BMP2, 3 Rifle Or 3 APC, 3 Rifle Or 3 Truck, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 2 APC, 1 Sagger, 1 SPG-9 (Not BMP equipped battalions) Note For APC types see the RHQ. Only one vehicle type may be used. If Trucks are used all vehicles noted as APC are Truck. The exception is the Mortar battery, which always has Truck.

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26 D Iraqi Special Forces Battalion 1965 to 1991 Headquarters 2 BMP1, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 SA7 3 Companies each 2 BMP1, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Truck, 1 82M Note This battalion is a divisional controlled and is used in a number of ways. It is drawn from the best soldiers in the division and forms the backbone of any counter attack force in the defense. In the offense it is used as a spearhead. It has also been used as a field police by being positioned behind weak or demoralized troops to force them to fight. Most members of this battalion are members of the ruling political party. 26 E Iraqi Divisional Anti-Tank Battalion 1965 to 1991 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Companies each 2 SU-100 or 2 Truck, 2 100ATG (from 1979) Or 2 Jeep/Harpoon or 2 BRDM2/AT Note Dates are approximate. Battalion has a mixture of missile and gun companies. Individual companies may be fielded. 26 F Iraqi Artillery Battalion 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 4 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs 3 Batteries Towed - 2 Trucks, 122Ha or Hb or 155Hb or 152Ha Or Self-Propelled - 2 GCT or 2 SO122 or 2 SO152, 2 BM21, 2 Truck, 2 Gaz, 1 CP, 1 OP Note Divisional units have 122mm, with 1 Battalion of 152mm in mechanized or armoured units. These divisions also use one battalion of BM-21. Infantry Divisions also have one battery of BM-21. All the rest of the gun types are Corps assets. Soviet self-propelled guns appeared in 1984, the GCT from 1987 on in good quantity. 26 G Iraqi Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion (Towed) 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 3 Point Defense Batteries 2 Trucks, 2 57AAG or 85AAG or 100AAG 26 H Iraqi Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion (Self-Propelled) 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 2 Self Propelled Gun Bty each 2 ZSU57 or ZSU23 or M53/30 1 Launch Battery 2 SA6 or SA8 Note ZSU23 is rare at this level although it maybe in some infantry divisions as a stopgap. SA8 is a recent purchase in very limited quantity use in Guards units only. 26 I Iraqi Engineer Battalion 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck

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1 Combat Engr Company 1 Assault Engr Company 1 Bridging Company 1 Tech Engr Company 1 Construction Company 26 J Iraqi Helicopter Battalion Headquarters 4 Flights Note 3 1 1 2 4 Com Engr, 1 GMZ, 3 APC, 1 IMR BRDM1 or 2, 2 GSP, 2 PT54, 2 Truck with 10 Rafts Truck with 5 Rafts, 1 Const Engr, 1 BTR152, 4 PMP Bulldozer, 1 BAT-M Dump Truck, 2 BAT-M, 2 Bulldozer

1 Allouette III or Mil 24 or Gazelle, 1 CP 2 Allouette III/SS11 (From 1965) or 2 Mil24 (From 1978) or 2 Gazelle/HOT (From 1982) Individual flights may be used attached to any Headquarters. NO helicopter sorties were attempted during the Gulf War 1. 1965 to 1997 1 BRDM1 or BRDM2, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks, 1 ARV 4 BRDM1 or BRDM2 2 PT76 or T55 (after 1980) This unit may use French M3VTT or Yugo M60 APC in place of BRDM and may use AML90 or ERC90 in place of PT76.

26 K Iraqi Divisional Recce Battalion Headquarters 2 Scout Company 1 Tank Companies each Note

Large Units: Tank Division – 2 Tank Brigades, 1 Mechanized Infantry Brigade, 1 Artillery Brigade (3 122mm Towed Howitzer Battalions, 1 122mm Self-Propelled Howitzer Battalion, 1 152mm Towed Howitzer Battalion, 1 Multiple Rocket Launcher Battalion), 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (Self-Propelled), 1 AntiAircraft Battalion (Towed), 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Special Forces Battalion, 1 Recce Battalion Motor Rifle Division – 1 Tank Brigade, 2 Mechanized Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade (3 122mm Towed Howitzer Battalions, 1 122mm Self-Propelled Howitzer Battalion, 1 152mm Towed Howitzer Battalion, 1 Multiple Rocket Launcher Battalion), 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (Self-Propelled), 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (Towed), 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Special Forces Battalion, 1 Recce Battalion Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade (3 122mm Towed Howitzer Battalions and 1 Multiple Rocket Launcher Battery), 1 Tank Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion (Towed), 1 AntiAircraft Battery (self-propelled), 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Special Forces Battalion Air Mobile Brigade – 3 Commando Battalions, 1 Helicopter Transport Battalion

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27 The Israeli Army 1956 to 1997 An army with an immense amount of combat experience, and at one time probably the most effective army in the world. The exact organization is still secret. Since 1985 the army has had no structure above company level, these are attached to Combat Forces, which in turn are formed into Combat Units. You will note the incredible likeness to the US Army Pentomic organization except units are not permanently assigned to a higher headquarters. 27 A Israeli Brigade Headquarters 1956 to 1960 (May Command 4 Battalions) Headquarters 1 Jeep, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 1 Engineer Company 3 M3 HT or Truck, 3 Combat Engr 2 Artillery Batteries each 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 5 Truck, 2 25H or 105Ha Or 3 Mortar Batteries each 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 5 Truck, 2 120M or 2 M3/120 1 Scout Company 3 Jeep/MG, 1 Jeep/106 1 Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 M16 Note The Artillery and Mortar Batteries are exclusive. Infantry units use towed Mortars, motorized units use Mechanized use M3/120. The Scout company may be combined into a Recce Battalion, see below. In addition may add independent tank companies of M50 Sherman, or AMX13. 27 B Israeli Tank Battalion 1956 to 1960 Headquarters 1 M4/76 or Sherman HV or AMX13/75, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 4 Squadrons each 3 M4/76 or Sherman HV or AMX13/75 27 C Israeli Infantry Mechanized or Motorized Battalion 1956 to 1960 Headquarters 4 M3 HT or Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep/MG, 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 81M, 1 MG, 1 Jeep/106 3 Infantry Companies each 4 M3 HT or Truck, 3 Rifle, 1 MG, Note Jeeps, Mortars, Machinegun and Anti-tank weapons at Headquarters may operate independently. Mechanized units use M3 HT. Motorized use Trucks, and Jeeps. 27 D Israeli Parachute Battalion 1956 Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each Weapons Company Note to1966 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Jeep, 1 OP 3 Rifle, 1 MG 1 81M, 1 MG, 2 Truck Trucks are not available if the unit is air dropped or airmobile.

27 E Israeli Brigade Headquarters 1961 to 1983 Headquarters 2 M3 HT or M113, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Engineer Company 3 M3 HT or M113, 3 Combat Engr 3 Artillery Batteries each 1 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Truck, 2 AMX/105 or M7 Or 3 Mortar Batteries each 1 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Truck, 2 M3/120 1 Scout Company 3 Jeep/MG, 1 Jeep/106, or 2 AMX 13, 1 M3 or M113, 1 Scout

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1 Anti Aircraft Platoon Note 1 M16 or M3/20 or M163 This unit commands either 2 Tank & 1 Mechanized Battalion, or 3 Mechanized & 1 Tank Battalion or 3 Infantry Battalion and a Tank Company. The M113 and M163 appeared from 1973 onwards, after the October war. Although the memoirs of General Dan indicate that his command post was an M113, allow some M113 as command post vehicles.

27 F Israeli Tank Battalion 1960 to 1984 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 2 to 4 Companies 3 Tanks Mortar Battery 2 M3/120, 1 M3, 1 CP Note There are a multitude of tank types that can be used. The designations Sho’t and Mag’ach apply to the u pgraded Centurions and M48/60 respectively. Up to 1963 the tanks are AMX-13 and Sherman M50 or M51. From 1964 add Centurion 5 (actually any mark, 5 was the first type sent). From 1965 add M48, Sherman M51 and Centurion 5 105mm. All Centurions had 105mm by 1967. From 1967 add M48 with 105mm, few were converted for the 6-day war, add T55. From 1968 delete the AMX13, add Tiran 67(T55 with 105). From 1970 add M60, Centurion UG, and Delete Sherman M50. From 1980 add Merkava and the first of the Sho’t and Mag’ach types. From 1995 add the Merkava with 120mm gun. During the 1973 war a Mechanised Infantry Company was added to the battalions. 4 Companies were found in Regular Army units, most reserve units had 2 to 3 companies. 27 G Israeli Mechanized Battalion 1960 to 1983 Headquarters 1 M3 HT or M113, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Companies each 4 M3 HT or M113, 3 Rifle, 1 MG or Dragon (From 1978) 1 Anti-Tank Platoon 3 Jeep/106 or M150 (M150 from 1972 onwards) Note In 1967 reserve battalions were as for the 1956-60 Motorized Units. The M113 was not common until after 1973, although some were used in the October War as brigade and division headquarters transport. 27 H Israeli Parachute Battalion 1967 Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each Weapons Company Note to1983 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Jeep, 1 OP 3 Rifle, 1 MG 1 Jeep/MG, 1 81M, 1 MG, 1 Jeep/106, 2 Truck Trucks are available if the unit is air dropped or airmobile. From 1973, the 81mm mortar is replaced by a 120mm mortar and Jeep (if air dropped or air mobile)

27 I Israeli Recon Battalion 1956 to 1973 Headquarters 1 M3 HT, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck

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3 Companies Note 3 Jeep/MG, 1 Jeep/106 Formed part of one brigade in 1967, with two AMX13 companies, and 1 AMX105 Battalion. There were five such units available in 1973 each with 2 Jeep Companies and 1 AMX-13 Company

27 J Israeli Combat Force 1985 to 1997 Headquarters 2 M113 or M113/Zelda, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 to 4 Inf Companies each 3 M113 or M113/Zelda, 3 Rifle 1 Dragon (Javelin ATGW from 1989) 1 to 4 Tank Companies each 2 Tanks 1 Engineer Company 4 M113, 3 Combat Engr, 1 Const Engr, 1 AVLB Anti Aircraft Section 2 ZSU23 or M3/23, or RBY/23 Fire Support Company 2 M113/ITV 1 or 2 Mortar Companies 1 M113, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 M113/120, 2 Truck Artillery Battery 1 M113, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 M109, 2 Truck Note The Force Headquarters commands four combat companies, and 1 Engineer Company. There appears to be no restriction on equipment, or company type. If two mortar batteries are fielded delete the Artillery battery. Tanks can be Merkava or Mag’ach in front line units, Sho’t, Tiran and T62 in reserve units. M113 Zelda is an M113 with Israeli made add on armour package. 27 K Israeli Combat Unit Headquarters 1985 to 1997 (Commands 5 Combat Forces) Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M548, 1 ARV 1 Recce/Anti Tank Company 4 BRDM2/AT Anti Aircraft Section 2 ZSU23 or M3/23 or RBY/23 Helicopter Flight 2 AH1 or OH500M 27 L Israeli Artillery Unit 1985 to 1997 Headquarters 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M548, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 1 M113, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 M109 or M107 or M110 or BM24 or MRLS, 2 Truck Note These units are at “Divisional Level”. Large Units: Division – Ad Hoc combinations of Brigades brought together under one commander, add a Recce Battalion and an Artillery Brigade and a few extra Anti-Aircraft companies.

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28 Royal Jordanian Army A British trained Bedouin army, of some ability. Jordan has always steered a middle path, trying to at least keep out of wars with Israel, and remain in the Arab camp. Mostly using western equipment, but some Russian weapons has been introduced. 28 A Jordanian Brigade Headquarters 1962 to 1997 (Commands 3 Battalions) Headquarters 1 M577or LR, 1 M113 or LR, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank (Armd/Mech Bde), 1 Truck, 1 ARV Recce Company 2 LR/MG, 1 Ferret 2 (From 1985 replace the Ferret with BMP2) Anti Aircraft Company 3 M163 or M42 (M163 from 1970 onwards) Brigade Mortar Battery 1 LR, 1 OP, 2 120M, 4 Truck Engineer Company 3 M113 or Truck, 3 Combat Engr, 1 AVLB Helicopter Flight 2 AH1 (From 1974) Note This is a composite unit, and contains some divisional assets. Units in Trucks may only be used to 1970. Use Dragon ATGW from 1982. Tanks are: M47 To 1970 Centurion 5 To 1975 M48 To 1984 Centurion 8 1972 to 1986 M60 From 1982 Tariq From 1985 M60A3 From 1985 Khalid From 1987 28 B Jordanian Armoured Regiment 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 4 Tanks Note For tanks see The Brigade Headquarters. M47 and M48 may be mixed within a Brigade; otherwise only one type may be used. 28 C Jordanian Infantry Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 M113 or LR, 1 CP, 1 MG, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 M113 or Truck, 3 Rifle, 1 M125 Or 1 BMP 2, 3 Rifle, 1 M125 Anti Tank Company 3 LR/106, or M150 (From 1972) or M901 (from 1985) Mortar Battery 2 LR, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M106 2 Trucks or 2 120M, 4 Trucks Note Where there are options soft transport is for Infantry Brigades. BMP appeared in 1985, M113 is still much more common. Types may not be mixed. 28 D Jordanian Artillery Regiment 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 M113 or LR, 1CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 or 3 Batteries each 2 LR, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 2 25H or 155Hb or 2 M52 or 2 M109 or 2 M110 and 2 Trucks Note M52 units have only 2 batteries and form parts of Armoured

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Brigades, rest have 3. 25H was out of service by 1972, and was in Mechanised and Infantry Brigades only. M109 was introduced in 1972, replacing the M52. 155Hb and M110 are Divisional and Corps level units. Large Units: Division – Ad Hoc combinations of Brigades brought together under one commander.

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29 North Korean People’s Army 1960 to 1997 As the last Stalinist state, North Korea has lost its sponsors, and may well have little functioning equipment left. Well into the 1980’s their commandos raided into the South, trying to destabilize the regime there. 29 A North Korean Corps Tank Regiment Headquarters 1960 to 1990 (Commands 3 Tank Battalions, 1 Motor Rifle Battalion) Headquarters 1 T55 or T62 or Type 59, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV Recce Company 2 PT76 or Type 63 1 BTR152 or BTR50 or BMP1, 3 Rifle Anti Aircraft Company 2 ZSU-57 Engineer Company 2 BTR 50, Combat Engr, 1 Const Engr 1 MTU20 Note T55/Type 59 can be used without restriction T62 from 1970 BTR152 from 1965 BTR50/60 from 1975 BMP were issued from 1981 ZSU23 from 1985. Many Chinese APC types are available from 1990. 29 B North Korean Infantry Regiment Headquarters 1960 to 1997 (commands 3 Battalions) Headquarters 2 BTR152, or BTR50, or BTR60, 1 CP, 1 BRDM 2, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Anti Aircraft Company 2 ZPU4, 2 Truck Engineer Company 3 Truck, 3 Combat Engr Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 2 120M Anti Tank Battery 2 Trucks, 2 76AT MRL Battery 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 107Rct, 2 Trucks Note The BM21 can be replaced by earlier types prior to 1975. This unit does not normally have any tanks attached, but may have 1 battalion. 29 C North Korean Tank Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 1 T55 or T62 or Type 59, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Tank Companies each 3 T55 or T62 or Type 59 1 Infantry Company 3 BTR50 or BMP1, 3 Rifle Note For dates see the regiment. Some T34’s remain in service, so could be substituted for the types given above.

29 D North Korean Infantry Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 BTR152 or BTR50 or BTR60 or Truck, 1 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs (May be on foot) 3 Infantry Companies each 3 APC, 3 Rifle (May be on foot) 1 Sagger (From 1970, Mech only) Machinegun Company 2 Truck, 2 MG (May be on foot) Anti-Tank Company 2 Jeep, 2 107 or 82RR (107mm in Mech)

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Mortar Battery Note 3 Truck, 3 82M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep This gives Mechanized, Assault, Infantry and Light Battalions. Mechanized units use tracked APCs; the types are shown under Headquarters. BMP-1 Companies are possible with BTR-50 for Headquarters, and Mortars, Delete the Anti-tank Company in BMP units. Motorized units use wheeled APCs. Infantry use Trucks or are on foot. Assault and Light Battalions are intended to be tank riders, delete the Anti-tank Platoon, and neither have any support companies. Assault Companies may be transported in Mi-8. Any type may add 1 SA7 to Headquarters from 1975. The machinegun company is not part of the mechanized battalion’s order of battle.

29 E North Korean Infantry Divisional Anti-Tank or Close Support Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 1 Truck or APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Batteries each 2 Trucks, 2 57ATG or 76ATG or 2 SU76 or SU100 Or 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Type 83 or JSU152 Note Infantry Divisions have 1 Self-Propelled and 1 Towed Antitank Battalion. The Artillery batteries form part of the Combined Arms Brigade. The Type 83 is a Self-Propelled 152mm Howitzer; it could be the same as the 2S3. It is intended to fire over open sights, the OP acting as Recce. 29 F North Korean Mechanized Corps Anti Tank Battalion 1990 to 1997 Headquarters 4 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs 2 Companies each 1 BRDM/AT, 2 Gaz/82RR

29 G North Korean Engineer Battalion Headquarters 1 Combat Engr Company 1 Assault Engr Company 1 Bridging Company 1 Construction Company

1960 to 1997 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 3 Com Engr, 3 APC, 1 IMR 1 BRDM1 or 2, 2 GSP, 2 PT54, 2 Truck with 10 Rafts 1 Truck with 5 Rafts, 1 Const Engr, 1 BTR152, 4 PMP 4 Dump Truck, 2 Bulldozer

29 H North Korean Divisional Anti Aircraft Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 1 SAM Anti Aircraft Battery 4 SA7, 4 Gaz 1 MG Anti Aircraft Battery 4 14.5AA, 4 Truck 1 Light Anti Aircraft Battery 4 37AA, 4 Truck 1 Medium Anti Aircraft Battery 4 57AA, 4 Truck 29 I North Korean Brigade Anti Aircraft Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 1 SAM Anti Aircraft Battery 4 SA7, 4 Gaz 1 Light Anti Aircraft Battery 4 37AA, 4 Truck 29 J North Korean Artillery Battalion 1960 to 1997

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Headquarters 3 Batteries 4 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs Towed - 2 Trucks, 122Ha or Hb or 152Ha Or Self-Propelled - 2 SO122 or 2 SO152 or 2 BM-21, 2 Truck, 2 Gaz, 1 CP, 1 OP

29 K North Korean Brigade Reconnaissance Company 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M/C 1 Platoon 2 Scout, 2 M/C 2 Platoons each 1 Light Tanks (M1985, Type 63 or PT76) 29 L North Korean Infantry Reconnaissance Company 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep 3 Platoons each 2 Scout Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 122mm Towed Battalions, 1 Towed 152mm Battalion, 1 Towed MRL Battalion), 1 Mortar Regiment (120mm – 3 Towed Battalions), 1 Tank Battalion, 1 Light Infantry Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Infantry Reconnaissance Company Infantry Brigade – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Mortar Regiment (120mm – 3 Towed Battalions), 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Tank Brigade – 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Light Tank Battalion, 2 Artillery Battalions (Self Propelled 152mm and 122mm), 4 Tank Battalions, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion Mechanized Brigade – 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 4 Motorized Infantry Battalions, 2 Artillery Battalions (Self Propelled 152mm and 122mm), 1 Tank Battalion, 1 Light Tank Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 MRL Battery, 1 Mortar Battalion Motorized Brigade – 3 Motorized Infantry Battalions, 2 Artillery Battalions (Self Propelled 152mm and 122mm), 3 Tank Battalions, 1 Light Tank Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 MRL Battery, 1 Towed Mortar Battalion (120mm), 1 Anti Tank Battalion Mechanized Corps - 5 Mechanized Brigades, 1 Light Infantry Brigade, 1 Reconnaissance Brigade, 1 Artillery Brigade (152mm Self Propelled), 1 Antiaircraft Regiment (57mm S60 – 3 Battalions), 1 MRL Brigade (BM21 – 3 Battalions), 1 Corps Engineer Regiment, (3 Battalions), 1 Anti Tank Regiment (3 Battalions), 1 Cavalry Regiment Tank Corps - 5 Tank Brigades, 1 Engineer Bridging Battalion Infantry Corps - 5 Infantry Divisions, 1 Tank Brigade, 1 Reconnaissance Brigade, 1 Artillery Brigade (130 or 152mm – 4 Battalions), 1 Antiaircraft Regiment (57mm S60 – 3 Battalions), 1 MRL Brigade (BM21 – 3 Battalions), 1 Engineer Regiment, (3 Battalions)

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30 South Korean Army Another army which is primarily an infantry army, in the late 1980’s and on into the 1990’s it has had the economic backing of one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It follows the American model to a large extent, and is an ally. It did fight in Vietnam and proved to effective, if brutal. The unit used for Vietnam was the Capital Mechanized Division, mounted in M113, with its armoured brigade but with a tank battalion (M47) possibly attached. 30 A South Korean Brigade Headquarters 1957 to 1997 (Commands 3-4 Battalions) Headquarters 2 Truck or M3 HT or M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M47 or M48 or Type 88, 1 M548 (Tank Brigades only), 1 ARV Recce Company 1 M8 AC, 3 Jeep/MG Helicopter Flight 2 OH500MD or AH1 Brigade Anti Tank Company 2 M36 or 2 M18 or 2 Jeep/Tow or 2 M150 (Tow from 1978, M36/M18 to 1990) Divisional AA Platoon 2 Truck, 2 40AAG Divisional Tank Company 3 M47 or M48 (in Infantry Units only) Divisional Engineer Company 3 Truck, 3 Combat Engr Note An Infantry Brigade has Trucks. Mechanized units must use M113 variants or M3 until 1967. M8 Armoured cars survived until 1990. Tank dates are: M47 No restrictions. M48A3 From 1962, being converted M48A5 From 1978, being converted from M48A3 Type 88 From 1988 30 B South Korean Tank Battalion 1957 to 1997 Headquarters 1 M47 or M48 or Type 88, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Tank Companies each 4 M47 or M48 or Type 88 Note For dates and tank types see Brigade Headquarters. 30 C South Korean Infantry/Mechanized Battalion 1957 to 1997 Headquarters 1 Truck or M3 HT or M577, 1 CP, 1 Stinger, 1 107M, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 2 Jeep, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Truck or M3 HT or M113, 3 Rifle Recce Platoon 3 Jeep/MG Anti Tank Platoon 2 Jeep/106 or 2 Jeep/TOW (From 1982) Note Stinger may be used from 1982. The 106RR are still used, earlier units, such as those with M3 could well have 75RR. Similarly the Infantry may have had 57RR. Dates are covered under the Brigade Headquarters. 30 D South Korean Artillery Battalion Headquarters 2 Truck or M113, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 1 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 2 105Ha or 2 155Ha or M109 or 2 M107 or 2 M110 or 2 MRL or 2 M52 and 2 Truck Note Towed 105mm and 155mm are used by Infantry Divisions.

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M52 were used until the Mid-1980’s and was replaced by the M109. The 105Ha and 155Ha can be substituted with 105Hb, and 155Hb. The M107 and M59 are Divisional Heavy Artillery, M110 and MRL is Corps level units. Note that MRL is not the US MRLS. 30 E South Korean Anti Aircraft Battalion 30 F South Korean Engineer Battalion 30 G South Korean Anti Tank Battalion 30 H South Korean Armoured Cavalry Battalion Large Units: Armoured Division – 2 Armoured Brigades, 1 Mechanized Infantry Brigade, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron Mechanized Infantry Division – 1 Armoured Brigade, 2 Mechanized Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron, 1 Tank Battalion Airborne Brigade – 4 Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion Marine Division – 3 Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Squadron

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31 Russian, Soviet Red and Warsaw Pact Satellite Armies This section is only accurate until 1991. There are many changes in progress at present, but the Russians certainly have retained the same basic organization until today. This is probably due to the typical Russian inertia. 31 A Russian Motor Rifle Regiment Headquarters 1958 to 1970 (Commands 3 Motor Rifle Battalions) Headquarters 1 BTR152 or BTR50 or BTR60, 1 CP, 3 Truck, 1 ZPU4, 1 BRDM1, 1 Sigs, 2 ARV (1 Each) Regimental Mortar Battery 1 Gaz, 1 OP, 2 APCs, 2 120M 1 or 2 AA Companies each 2 ZSU57 or 2 Trucks, 2 ZPU4 (Only 1 battery may have ZSU57) Engineer Company 1 Truck, 1 Combat Engr, 1 MTU1 1 Anti-Tank Battery 2 Trucks, 2 85ATG or 100ATG 1 Anti-Tank Company 2 Gaz/107RR or 2 Gaz/Snapper or BRDM1/Snapper 1 Recce Company 2 BRDM1, 1 PT-76 Note Only one type of APC may be used. Czechs use OT810 instead of BTR152, Czechs and Poles use OT64 and OT62 in place of BTR60 and BTR50 respectively. Similarly BRDM are replaced by OT65/FUG. Only BTR152 may be used until 1960, BTR50 from 1959 and BTR60 from 1961. 31 B Russian Motor Rifle Regiment Headquarters 1970 to 1982 (Commands 3 Motor Rifle Battalions, 1 Tank Battalion) Headquarters 1 BMP-Comd or BTR50 or BTR60, 1 CP, 1 BRDM1 or BRDM2, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 2 ARV (1 Each) Regimental Mortar Battery 1 BRDM 2, 1 OP, 2 Trucks, 2 120M, 1 Gaz, 1 CP 1 Anti Aircraft Company 2 ZSU57 or 1 ZSU23 and 1 SA9 1 Engineer Company 1 Truck or BTR50, 1 Combat Engr, 1 MTU20 1 Anti-Tank Company 2 Gaz/Snapper or BRDM1/Snapper, or BRDM1/Sagger or BRDM-2/AT 1 Recce Company 2 BRDM1 or BRDM 2, 1 PT76 Note Only one type of APC may be used; Czechs and Poles use OT64 a OT62 in place of BTR60 and BTR50. Similarly nd BRDM are replaced by OT65/FUG. BTR50 is used in second line Soviet units and can replace the BMP in first line units. BTR152 may be used in second Warsaw Pact line units and third line Soviet units. BMP1 from 1971, BMP2 may be used from 1979. Gun tractors may be MTLB, or specialised Artillery Tractors such as the AT-L series. In Warsaw Pact nations there is good evidence that even farm tractors have been used to haul artillery in second and third line formations. 31 C Russian Motor Rifle Regiment Headquarters 1983 to 1997 (Commands 3 Motor Rifle Battalions, 1 Tank Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 BMP-Comd or BTR-50 or BTR60/70/80, 1 CP, 1

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1 Anti Aircraft Company 1 Engineer Company 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Recce Company Note BRDM2, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 2 ARV (1 Each) 1 ZSU23, 1 SA9 or SA13 2 BTR50 or BTR60, 2 Combat Engr, 1 MTU20 3 BRDM1/Sagger or BRDM-2/AT or SHTURM-C 2 BRDM2, 1 BMP-R Only one type of APC may be used. Czechs and Poles use OT64 and OT62 in place of BTR60 and BTR50. BTR 50 and BTR 152 are used in third line units only.

31 D Russian Tank Regiment Headquarters 1956 to 1970 (Commands 3 Tank Battalions) Headquarters 1 T54/55 or T62 or T44 or T34/85 or T10, 1 BTR 152 or BTR50, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 2 ARV (1 Each) 1 Anti Aircraft Company 2 ZSU57 1 Engineer Company 1 BTR50, 1 Combat Engr, 1 MTU1 1 Recce Company 2 BRDM1, 1 PT76 Note T62 was introduced in 1962, only in Soviet units. Similarly, T44 was only used by the Sovi ets. All armies may use T54/55 and T34/85. BTR-50 is replaced by OT62 as in Motor Rifle Regiment for non-Soviet nations. One infantry company in BTR50 or BMP may be added from 1965, see the next list. Russians could use T64 tanks from 1967. Only Russians may use T10 at this level. 31 E Russian Tank Regiment Headquarters 1970 to 1985 (Commands 3 Tank Battalions) Headquarters 1 T54/55 or T62 or T72, or T64 or T10, 1 BMP-Comd or BTR50, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 2 ARV (1 Each) 1 Anti Tank Company 3 T64 (Russian units only) 1 Anti Aircraft Company 1 ZSU23, 1 SA9 or SA13 1 Engineer Company 2 BTR50 or MTLB, 2 Engr, 1 MTU20 1 Recce Company 2 BRDM 2, 1 PT76 Note T34 and T44 may still be in use with third line units. Warsaw Pact units primarily use the T72 tank. While only Russians used the T64; it is possible that the T80 was in use by 1982. In this case the T64B is replaced by a T80B. T62 is in Russian units only. From 1983 some units had an Artillery battalion. Only Russians may use T10 at this level. 31 F Russian Tank Regiment Headquarters 1986 to 1997 (has 3 Tank Battalions, 1 Motor Rifle Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 T54/55 or T62 or T72 or T64 or T80, 1 BMP-Comd or BTR50, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 2 ARV (1 Each) 1 Anti Tank Company 3 T64 or T80 (Russian units only) 1 Anti Aircraft Company 1 ZSU23, 1 SA9 1 Engineer Company 3 MTLB, 3 Combat Engr, 1 MTU20 1 Recce Company 2 BMP-R, 1 MBT Note T34/85 and T44 may still be in use with 3rd line units. Warsaw Pact nation units primarily used the T72 tank. T64 and T80 primarily served the Soviets. T62 is in

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Russian 2nd Line units. Russians primarily use fully upgraded T55 in conjunction with T80U and T80B. Second and third line units may have PT76 in the Recce Company. Warsaw Pact Units replace PT76 with BMP1. 31 G Russian Motor Rifle Battalion (BTR) 1958 to 1970 Headquarters 2 BTR152 or BTR50 or BTR60, 1 CP, 1 Gaz/82RR or 1 Gaz, 1 Sagger, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ZPU4 3 Motor Rifle Companies each 3 BTR 152 or BTR50 or BTR60, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Battery 2 Gaz, 1 OP, 1 CP, 4 Trucks, 2 82M or 2 120M Note Only one type of APC may be used, and should match the regimental Headquarters. Units in Tank Divisions had BTR50, or earlier BTR152. BTR60 is used in Motor Rifle Divisions. 31 H Russian Motor Rifle Battalion (BTR) 1971 to 1983 Headquarters 4 BTR50 or BTR60/70/80, 1 CP, 1 BRDM2, 1 SG9, 2 Sagger, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 SA7 3 Motor Rifle Companies each 3 BTR50 or BTR60/70/80, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 2 Gaz, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 Trucks, 2 120M Note BTR-50 is for 2nd line Tank divisions; BTR-70 and 80 are only just allowable in 1980 and 1983 respectively. This organization is still current for 2nd line formations. Czechs & Poles substitute OT64C. 31 I Russian Motor Rifle Battalion (BMP) 1968 to 1983 Headquarters 1 BMP-Comd, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 SA7 3 Motor Rifle Companies each 1 BMP1, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 2 Gaz, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Trucks, 2 120M Note By 1980 BMP2 can be used. These units are in Tank Divisions, and 1 Regiment in a Motor Rifle Division. This organization is still current for 2nd line formations. 31 J Russian Motor Rifle Battalion (BTR) 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 6 BTR70 or 80, 1 CP, 2 Spigot, 1 SA7, 1 30GL, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 3 Motor Rifle Companies each 3 BTR60/70/80, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 2 Gaz, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 MTLB, 2 120M Note Czechs & Poles substitute OT64C. Some units may have Self-Propelled 120mm mortars or automatic 82mm mortars. 31 K Russian Motor Rifle Battalion (BMP) 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 1 BMP Comd, 3 BMP, 1 CP, 1 SA7, 1 30GL, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Motor Rifle Companies each 1 BMP, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 2 Gaz, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 MTLB, 2 120M Note BMP1, 2 or 3. Warsaw Pact BMP2 has Spigot rather than Spandrel. Some units may have Self-Propelled

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120mm mortars or automatic 82mm mortars. BMP3 may be used from 1995. 31 K1 Russian Airborne/Air Assault Battalion 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 SA7, 1 30GL, 1 Sigs, 2 Spigot, 1 82RR 3 Infantry Companies ea 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Company 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 82M Note Airborne units have BMD as transport. 31 L Russian Tank Battalion 1955 to 1997 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 BTR or BMP-Comd, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Tank Companies 3 Tanks Note Some 1st line units have a fourth company of obsolete types for training purposes. Other than this battalions may only use vehicle type. Tanks allowed are: T34/85 To 1980 T44 M To 1985 T 54/55 No restrictions, upgrades at appropriate dates T62 From 1961 to 1993 T64 From 1967 onwards T72 From 1975, Warsaw Pact Units primarily T80 From 1985 JS3 To 1970 T10M To 1978 Upgraded vehicles may be used at the appropriate dates. Prior to 1958 the third company of tank battalions in motor rifle regiments was equipped with a JSU122 or JSU152, this situation would prevail later Warsaw Pact units. 31 M Russian Divisional Recce Battalion 1958 to 1980 Headquarters 1 BTR40 or BRDM1 or BRDM2, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks, 1 ARV 1 Scout Company 4 BTR40, 2 Recon or BRDM1 or BRDM2 2 Tank Companies each 2 PT76 Note This unit may add one motor rifle company, one tank company, Engineer Company, and an anti aircraft platoon.

31 N Russian Divisional Recce Battalion 1980 to 1997 Headquarters 1 BRDM2, 1 BRDM2, 1 GSR, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Scout Company 4 BRDM2 2 Recce Companies each 2 BMP-R, 1 T64 or T80 Note This unit may add 1 Motor Rifle Company, 1 Tank Company, Engineer Company, and an Anti-Aircraft platoon. Desant (Airborne) division has only one scout company.

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31 O Russian Artillery Battalion 1958 to 1997 Headquarters 2 BTR or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 4 Trucks and 2 122Ha, or Hb, 152Hb or 2 SAU122 or SAU152 or 2S5 or 2S4 or 2 BM21 or BM24 Note SAU122 and 122Hb are used in Regiments, SAU122 in front line units, 122Hb in 2nd Line ones. SAU122, SAU152, 122Hb and BM21 form the divisional Arty Regiment. The rest are Corps assets. Towed Corps weapons would include 180H, 130H and towed 160 and 240mm Mortars. 31 P Russian Motor Rifle Division Anti Headquarters 2 Anti Tank Gun Batteries 1 Anti Tank Missile Battery Note Tank Battalion 1958 to 1997 1 MTLB or BTR60 or BTR152, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks 2 Tractors, 2 100 or 85ATG 3 BRDM2/AT Tractors can be Trucks, MTLB, AT-L, AT-T or other specialist vehicles.

31 Q Russian Divisional Engineer Battalion 1958 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 1 Combat Engr Company 3 Com Engr, 1 GMZ, 3 APC, 1 IMR 1 Assault Engr Company 1 BRDM1 or 2, 2 GSP, 2 PT54, 2 Truck with 10 Rafts 1 Bridging Company 1 Truck with 5 Rafts, 1 Const Engr, 1 APC, 4 PMP 1 Tech Engr Company 2 Bulldozer, 1 BAT-M 1 Construction Company 4 Dump Truck, 2 BAT-M, 2 Bulldozer Note Wheeled APC should be used as per dates in Motor Rifle Regiment Headquarters. 31 R Russian Anti Aircraft Regiment 1958 to 1997 (One battalion per Motor Rifle/Tank division and multiple regiments deployed with Army and Front levels) Headquarters 1 MTLB or BTR60 or BTR152, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks 5 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 1 BRDM, 1 SA Launchers 1 Target Acquisition Battery 3 Truck, 3 AD Rad Note Launchers can be SA 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 11, 15, etc depending on date. Towed launchers have trucks as prime movers. Divisional regiments have SA 6, 8 or 11. 31 S Russian FROG Battalion 1960 to 1997 (One battalion per Motor Rifle/Tank division) Headquarters 1 MTLB or BTR60 or BTR152, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks 3 Missile Batteries each 1 BRDM, 1 Missile Launcher, 1 Truck Note Most common launcher is the SCUD or SCALEBOARD again depending on date. 31 T Russian Attack Helicopter Battalion 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 1 MTLB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks 4 Companies each 2 MI24 or Mi35

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31 U Russian Transport Helicopter Battalion 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 1 MTLB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks 4 Companies each 2 Mi8 31 V Russian Heavy Lift Helicopter Battalion 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 4 Companies each 2 Mi26 31 W Russian Divisional Helicopter Battalion 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 1 MTLB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks 2 Companies each 2 Mi24 2 Companies each 2 Mi8 31 V Russian Desant (Airborne) Division Assault Gun Battalion 1960 to 1997 Headquarters 1 MTLB, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks 3 Companies each 3 SO57 or SU85 Large Units: Tank Division – 2 Tank Regiments, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 AntiAircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Motor Rifle Division – 1 Tank Regiment, 2 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Desant (Airborne) Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Assault Gun Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Recon Company Air Mobile Brigade – 3 Commando Battalions, 1 Helicopter Regiment Naval Infantry Brigade – Naval Infantry Brigade Headquarters (BTR60 Infantry Regiment Headquarters), 3 to 5 Naval Infantry Battalions (BTR60), 1 to 2 Naval Tank Battalions (T55 or T72), 1 Naval Artillery Battalion (2S1), 0 to 1 Rocket Battalion (BM21)

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32 Syrian 1965 to 1997 One of the more militant Arab states heavily involved against Israel in 1967, 1973 and during Operation Peace for Galilee in 1982. It also supplied a division to the Coalition during Desert Shield/Desert Storm in 1991. It does not appear to be as well trained as the Egyptian army, but has provided a tough opponent in defensive positional fighting, and demonstrates high morale. 32 A Syrian Tank Regiment Headquarters 1965 to 1997 (Commands 4 Battalions) Headquarters 1 BTR152 or BTR50, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 BRDM2, 1 Tank, 2 Trucks, 2 ARV (1 Each) Regimental AA Company 2 Trucks, 2 ZPU4 (To 1973) or 2 ZSU23, 1 SA9 (From 1969) Regimental Recce Company 3 BTR40 or BRDM2 Regimental Engineer Coy 3 Trucks or BTR50, 3 Combat Engr, 1 AVLB Note BTR152 and T34/85 mat be used until 1971, T55 without restriction. T62 may be used from 1972. T72 was introduced from 1981. 32 B Syrian Mechanized Regiment Headquarters 1965 to 1997 (Commands 4 Battalions) Headquarters 1 BTR152 or BTR60 or OT64, 1 CP, 1 BRDM2, 1 Sigs, 2 Trucks, 2 ARV (1 Each) Regimental AA Company 2 Trucks, 2 ZPU4 (To 1973) or 2 ZSU23, 1 SA9 (From 1969) Regimental Recce Company 3 BTR40 or BRDM2 Regimental AT Company 2 Trucks, 2 57ATG (To 1972) or 3 BRDM2/AT (From 1971) Note Trucks can replace BTR152 in 1967. 32 C Syrian Tank Battalion 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 1 BTR152 or BTR50, 1 CP, 1 T34/85 or T55, or T62 or T72, 1 Truck 3 Tank Companies each 3 T34/85 or T55 or T62 or T72 32 D Syrian Special Forces Battalion 1983 to 1997 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Mil8, 1 SA7 1 Company 1 Mil8, 1 OP, 2 Spigot or Milan, 1 SA7 2 Companies each 3 Mil8, 3 Cdo, 3 Spigot or Milan Note Only one of these units may be used. 32 E Syrian Mechanized Battalion (BTR) 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 1 BTR152 or BTR60 or OT64, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Trucks, 1 SA7 3 Infantry Companies each 4 BTR152 or BTR60 or OT64, 3 Rifle, 1 82RR Anti Tank Platoon 2 Gaz, 2 107RR (BTR152 & BTR60 Bn to 1968 to 1973), or 2 Sagger Mortar Battery 2 Gaz, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Trucks, 2 120M Note Infantry Battalions may replace the BTR152 with trucks, until 1970. Sagger was introduced in 1971, Spigot and Milan in 1981. OT64 was introduced in 1981.

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32 F Syrian Mechanized Battalion (BTR/BMP) 1968 to 1997 Headquarters 1 BTR50 or BMP-Comd, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Trucks, 1 SA7 3 Companies 1 BTR50, 3 Rifle, 3 Spigot or Milan Mortar Battery 1 OP, 1 CP, 4 BTR50, 2 82M or 2 120M (from 1978) Note BTR50 Battalions may have had a battalion anti-tank platoon. BMPs may use BTR50 mortar platoon. 32 G Syrian Artillery Battalion 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 1 ARV 2 Batteries each 4 Trucks, 2 122Ha or Hb or 152Ha or Hb or 160/240M or 130/180H, 1 CP, 1 Jeep Or 2 BM24 or BM27, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Jeep Note Division has 3 Battalions with 122mm, 1 with 152mm, and 1 with 160mm (most common), or 240mm Mortar. 130mm, 180mm and MLRS are army level assets for counter battery purposes. 32 H Syrian Engineer Battalion 1965 to 1997 Headquarters 2 Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 1 Combat Engr Company 3 Com Engr, 1 GMZ, 3 APC, 1 IMR 1 Assault Engr Company 1 BRDM1 or 2, 2 GSP, 2 PT54, 2 Truck with 10 Rafts 1 Bridging Company 1 Truck with 5 Rafts, 1 Const Engr, 1 BTR152, 4 PMP 1 Tech Engr Company 2 Bulldozer, 1 BAT-M 1 Construction Company 4 Dump Truck, 2 BAT-M, 2 Bulldozer 32 I Syrian Anti Aircraft Battalion 1965 to 1997 32 J Syrian Anti Tank Battalion 1965 to 1997 Large Units: Armoured Division – 2 Tank Regiment, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Mechanized Infantry Division – 1 Tank Regiment, 2 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Infantry Division – 1 Tank Regiment, 3 Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Airborne Division – 3 Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti-Tank Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Air Mobile Brigade – 3 Commando Battalions, 1 Helicopter Regiment

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33 Canadian Armed Forces – Land Force A ghost of the army that captured Vimy Ridge in WW1 and beat the 1 SS Panzer Corps in Normandy, the Land Force consists of 3 Regular Army Mechanized Infantry Brigades (3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Armoured Regiment, 1 Close Support Medium Artillery Regiment, 1 VLLAD Battery) and 10 Light Infantry Brigades (all reservists consisting 2 Light Infantry Battalions (2 companies each) 1 Light Armour Regiment (of 2 FSV Cougar Squadrons and 1 Recce Squadron (21 Jeeps with MMG)), 1 Light Artillery Regiment (of 2 batteries of towed 105mm C3 howitzers) and 1 Field Engineer Squadron and 1 VLLAD Battery)) 4th Engineer Support Regiment, 1 Signals Regiment and 4th Air Defense Regiment. At full war mobilization (and given time to buy the equipment) there should be troops for 4 divisions of mechanized infantry. 33 A Canadian Brigade Group Headquarters (Commands 3 Infantry battalions, 1 Armoured Regiment and 1 Artillery Regiment) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 Bison, 1 Truck Bde Signals Squadron 2 Sigs, 2 Jammer, 2 DF, 6 Bison Bde Recce Squadron 5 Coyote Bde Anti-Armour Company 5 LAV/TUA Bde Air Defense Battery 6 M113, 6 Javelin Note Reserve brigades do not have an anti-armour company, use Jeep/MG in the reconnaissance squadron and truck in place of Bison in headquarters. 33 B Canadian Armoured Regiment Headquarters

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 Bison, 1 Leopard C1 or C2, 1 Truck 4 Armoured Squadrons each 4 Leopard C1 or C2 Recce Troop 2 Coyote Note One Squadron may be either Coyote or Cougar in place of Leopard. Reserve Units use Cougar only. Leopard C1 is a Leopard 1A4 and C2 is a Leopard 1A5 with the MEXAS upgrade armour package on Turret and Hull and a fire control system similar to M1 Abrams.

33 C Canadian Mechanized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 Bison, 1 Truck, 1 LAV3 4 Mechanized Companies ea 3 LAV3, 3 Rifle, 1 Eryx Anti Tank Platoon 3 LAV/TUA Mortar Platoon 2 LAV/81M, 2 LAV3 1 CP, 1 OP Pioneer Platoon 1 LAV, 1 Combat Engr Recce Platoon 2 Coyote Note In peacetime one battalion of a brigade contains a light infantry battalion of four infantry companies (two light infantry companies trained in Mountain and Arctic warfare, one company airmobile and one company airborne). It is assumed that in wartime these units would be the basis for light, airmobile and airborne brigades but they are trained and can be used as mechanized infantry. In peacetime, reserve infantry units have no support platoons

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and are pure infantry formations (1 headquarters and two companies in jeeps and trucks). 33 D Canadian Close Support Medium Howitzer Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 Bison, 1 Truck 4 Batteries each 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LAV3, 2 M109, 2 M548 Locating Battery 3 Loc Arty, 3 Bison, 1 M113/CB OP Battery 6 OP, 6 LAV3 Note This regiment has two batteries worth of 105mm LG1 howitzers (105Hc) towed by either AVGP or BV206 as a substitute to the M109 if operational conditions and terrain warrant. Thus Canadian Artillery units have 6 batteries worth of equipment. 33 E Canadian Light Howitzer Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck 2 Batteries each 1 CP, 2 OP, 2 Iltis, 2 105Hb, 5 Trucks Note Strictly, an army reserve unit. 33 F Canadian Combat Engineer Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 Truck Field Engineer Squadron 5 Bison, 5 Combat Engr Armoured Engr Squadron 4 M113, 3 Combat Engr, 1 Const Engr, 1 AVLB, 1 AEV 33 G Canadian Air Defense Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 Bison, 1 Truck VSHORAD Battery 6 M113, 6 Javelin ADATS Battery 6 ADATS 33 H Canadian Armoured Regiment 1953 to 1979 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Ferret, 1 Centurion 105, 1 Truck 3 Armoured Squadrons each 4 Centurion 105 Recce Troop 2 Ferret 33 I Canadian Armoured Recce Regiment 1967 to 1979 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 Truck, 1 M577, 1 M113 ARV 2 Recce Squadrons each 4 Lynx 1 Recce Squadron 4 Ferret Note This unit served as divisional troops, the exact unit was 8th Canadian Hussars (Regular Force not the Reserve Force 8th CH (PL)) 33 J Canadian Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1970 to 1999 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 Truck 4 Mechanized Companies ea 3 M113, 3 Rifle Anti Tank Platoon 3 M113/TOW Mortar Platoon 2 81M, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep Pioneer Platoon 1 M113, 1 Combat Engr

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Recce Platoon Note 2 Jeep, 2 Recon All Regular Force battalions in Germany were organized this way. 1964 to 1970 use M113/106 in place of M113/TOW. 1984 Recce platoon is 2 Lynx only and add 2 M113 to mortar platoon for Germany based units (deleting the 2 Truck). 1988 add TUA and delete M113/TOW. 2000 use 33 C.

33 K Canadian Infantry Battalion 1970 to 1979 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 Truck 2 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 Mechanized Companies ea 3 M113, 3 Rifle Anti Tank Platoon 3 Jeep/TOW Mortar Platoon 2 81M, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep Pioneer Platoon 1 Truck, 1 Combat Engr Recce Platoon 2 Jeep, 2 Recon Note All Regular Force battalions in Canada were organized this way. After 1980 2 battalions became mechanized as for 33 J and the remainding 7 Canada-based infantry battalions became motorized as per 33 J but with AVGP APC. 1960 to 1970 use Jeep/106 in place of Jeep/TOW vehicle. 1988 add TUA and delete M113/TOW Division – 3 or 4 Brigades can come together under a Headquarters to form a Division, add 1 Engineer Support Regiment, 1 Signals Regiment and 1 Air Defense Regiment as Division Troops.

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34 Panama 1989 34 A Panamian Infantry Battalion Headquarters 2 Companies each 1 Company 1 Fire Support Company

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck 3 Rifle 3 V150, 3 Rifle 1 120M, 1 ZPU4, 2 Trucks

34 B Panamian Air Assault Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck 2 Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 UH-1 Note The Panamians had several independent companies of infantry both mechanized and foot.

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35 Norway A small army with no combat experience but very capable in arctic and sub-arctic warfare. All troops should be considered ski capable. In war this army would have been re-enforced with a Canadian Mechanized Brigade (1st Canadian Brigade was slated) and the British Royal Marine Brigade to form the hard shoulder of the Northern Flank of NATO. Type 90 units are Regular Army brigades (there is currently 1) and Type 78 units are Reserve Mobilization Brigades (There are currently 10). Additionally, there are 22 ski equipped local defense battalions that have some partisan training. 1 Armoured, 1 Mechanized and 2 Motorized brigades would form the 6th Division. Additionally, there are 7 independent infantry battalions; the Royal Guards, 2 Fortress units and 4 motorized units. There is a plan afoot to create 2 armoured brigades of 2 tank battalions, 2 Mechanized Infantry brigades, 2 Motorized Infantry Brigades. 35 A Norwegian Infantry Battalion Type 90 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 NM135, 1 BV206 4 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 BV206 1 Support Company 1 NM113, 1 NM142, 1 81M, 1 TOW, 1 Com Engr, 3 BV206, 1 BV206/MG 35 B Norwegian Tank Battalion Type 90 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 NM113 TOC, 1 ARV, 1 Leopard 1A4 3 Companies each 3 Leopard 1A4 35 C Norwegian Artillery Battalion Type 90 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 NM113 TOC, 1 BV206 4 Batteries each 1 NM109G, 1 M548, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep 35 D Norwegian Infantry Battalion Type 78 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 BV206, 1 Truck 4 Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 Support Company 2 81M, 1 TOW, 1 Com Engr, 3 BV206, 1 BV206/MG 35 E Norwegian Artillery Battalion Type 78 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 NM113 TOC, 1 Jeep 4 Batteries each 1 NM109G, 1 M548, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep 35 F Norwegian Local Defense Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck 4 Companies each 3 Rifle (ski equipped) 1 Support Company 1 81M, 1 106RR, 1 MG, 3 Truck 35 F Norwegian Brigade Type 90 (Commands 3 Infantry, 1 Tank and 1 Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 BV206, 1 Truck, 1 Jeep, 1 MP Anti Tank Company 2 NM116 SPAT, 2 NM142 TOW Recon Company 2 Scout, 1 NM115, 2 NM113 Engineer Company 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck, 1 Bulldozer Anti Aircraft Company 2 40AA, 2 BV206, 2 RB70, 2 Truck 35 G Norwegian Brigade Type 78 (Commands 3 Infantry and 1 Artillery Battalion)

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Headquarters Anti Tank Company Recon Company Engineer Company Anti Aircraft Company Large Units: Brigade Type 78 – 1 Headquarters, 3 Infantry battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti Tank Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Anti Aircraft Company Brigade Type 90 – 1 Headquarters, 3 Infantry battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Tank Battalion, 1 Anti Tank Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Anti Aircraft Company 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 BV206, 1 Truck, 1 Jeep, 1 MP 2 NM116 SPAT, 2 NM142 TOW 2 Scout, 2 NM113 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck, 1 Bulldozer 2 40AA, 2 BV206, 2 RB70, 2 Truck

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36 Yugoslav Republic Post 1992 The Yugoslav army consisted of one mechanized corps and seven corps stationed around the country following the fall of the Yugoslav Federation. This ORBAT can be used to represent the Federal Yugoslav army prior to the collapse of the People’s Republic. 36 A Yugoslav Infantry Battalion Post Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each Machinegun Platoon Mortar Platoon Anti Tank Platoon Anti Aircraft Platoon 1992 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Rifle 1 Truck, 1 MG 1 Truck, 1 82M 1 Truck, 1 82RR 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG

36 B Yugoslav Motorized Infantry Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Truck, 3 Rifle Machinegun Platoon 1 Truck, 1 MG Mortar Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82RR Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG 36 C Yugoslav Mechanized Infantry Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 2 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 APC, 3 Rifle Machinegun Platoon 1 Truck, 1 MG Mortar Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82RR Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG Note APC’s are: BOV-M BVP M80 BVP M60 BTR60 36 D Yugoslav Tank/Mechanized Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 2 Tank Companies each 3 Tank 1 Infantry Company 3 APC, 3 Rifle Note APCs as per the mechanized infantry battalion. Tanks as per the tank battalion 36 E Yugoslav Tank Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Tank Companies each 3 Tank Note Tanks are: M84 T72M

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T55 M47 T34/85 36 F Yugoslav Artillery Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 2 BOV-M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 1 Gun, 2 Trucks Note Guns would include 76Ha, 105Ha, 122Ha and b, 130H, 152Ha and b, and 155Ha and b. Rockets are 128 Rct (self-propelled and towed) and 262 Rct (Self-propelled only). 36 G Yugoslav Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 2 BOV-M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 1 Gun Note Guns would include SAU122 only. 36 H Yugoslav Recon Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 BRDM2, 1 CP, 1 GSR, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Scout Company 2 BRDM2 36 I Yugoslav Anti-Tank Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Anti-Tank Batteries each 2 ATG, 2 Truck 1 Self-propelled Company 2 SPAT Note ATG can be: Towed: 76ATG 100ATG SPAT: BRDM2/AT BOV-1 AT Self-propelled company is available in mechanized units only 36 J Yugoslav Anti-Aircraft Regiment Headquarters 3 Anti-Aircraft Batteries each Note Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Truck 2 AAG, 2 Truck AAG can be: 57AAG ZSU57

36 K Yugoslav Engineer Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Engineer Companies each 2 Const Engr, 3 Truck, 1 Bridge 36 L Yugoslav Recon Company Post 1992 2 BRDM2

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36 M Yugoslav Anti-Tank Company Post 1992 2 Sagger, 2 ATG, 4 Trucks Note ATG can be: 90RR 82RR 105RR 120RR 36 N Yugoslav Engineer Company Post 1992 3 Combat Engr, 3 Trucks 36 O Yugoslav Anti-Aircraft Battery Post 1992 2 SA7, 2 AAG, 4 Trucks Note AAG can be: 20AAQG 20AAG Or Self-propelled units: BOV-AA M53/59 BOV-30/2 36 P Yugoslav Infantry Recon Platoon Post 1992 2 Scout, 2 Truck 36 Q Yugoslav Brigade Headquarters Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 6 Truck 36 R Yugoslav Corps Headquarters Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 6 Truck Large Units: Armour Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Tank Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company Mechanized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank Battalion, 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Self-propelled Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company. Motorized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank/Mechanized Battalion, 2 Motorized Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company Light Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Mortar Battalion, 1 Infantry Recon Platoon Corps – 4 Brigades of any possible Type, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Recon Battalion,

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Mechanized Corps – 2 Tank Brigades, 2 Mechanized Brigades, 1 Self-Propelled Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Recon Battalion

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37 Croatia Following the Yugoslav break-up the Croatian Army was formed along the lines of the old Croatian Army of World War Two. The Army is divided into six operational zones (Corps). Much German and American equipment has been available to this Army since 1995 including Leopard 2 Tanks and M110 self-propelled artillery. 37 A Croatian Infantry Battalion Post Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each Machinegun Platoon Mortar Platoon Anti Tank Platoon Anti Aircraft Platoon 1992 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Rifle 1 Truck, 1 MG 1 Truck, 1 82M 1 Truck, 1 82RR 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG

37 B Croatian Motorized Infantry Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Truck, 3 Rifle Machinegun Platoon 1 Truck, 1 MG Mortar Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82RR Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG 37 C Croatian Mechanized Infantry Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 2 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 APC, 3 Rifle Machinegun Platoon 1 Truck, 1 MG Mortar Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82RR Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG Note APCs are: BOV-M BTR60 M113G 37 D Croatian Tank/Mechanized Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 2 Tank Companies each 3 Tank 1 Infantry Company 3 APC, 3 Rifle Note APCs as per the mechanized infantry battalion. Tanks as per the tank battalion 37 E Croatian Tank Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Tank Companies each 3 Tank Note Tanks are: T55 T34/85

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Leopard 2A5 37 F Croatian Artillery Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 2 BOV-M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 1 Gun, 2 Trucks Note Guns would include 76Ha, 105Ha, 122Ha and b, 130H, 152Ha and b, and 155Ha and b. Rockets are 128 Rct (self-propelled and towed) and 262 Rct (Self-propelled only). 37 G Croatian Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 2 BOV-M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 1 Gun Note Guns would include M110 only. 37 H Croatian Recon Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 BRDM2, 1 CP, 1 GSR, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Scout Company 2 BRDM2 37 I Croatian Anti-Tank Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Anti Tank Batteries each 2 ATG, 2 Truck 1 Self-propelled Company 2 SPAT Note ATG can be: Towed: 76ATG 100ATG SPAT: BRDM2/AT BOV-1 AT Self-propelled company is available in mechanized units only 37 J Croatian Anti-Aircraft Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 AAG, 2 Truck Note AAG can be: 57AAG ZSU57 37 K Croatian Engineer Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Engineer Companies each 2 Const Engr, 3 Truck, 1 Bridge 37 L Croatian Recon Company Post 1992 2 BRDM2 37 M Croatian Anti-Tank Company Post 1992 2 Sagger, 2 ATG, 4 Trucks

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Note ATG can be: 90RR 82RR 105RR 120RR

37 N Croatian Engineer Company Post 1992 3 Combat Engr, 3 Trucks 37 O Croatian Anti-Aircraft Battery Post 1992 2 SA7, 2 AAG, 4 Trucks Note AAG can be: 20AAQG 20AAG Or Self-propelled units: BOV-AA M53/59 BOV-30/2 37 P Croatian Infantry Recon Platoon Post 1992 2 Scout, 2 Truck 37 Q Croatian Brigade Headquarters Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 6 Truck 37 R Croatian Corps Headquarters Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 6 Truck Large Units: Armour Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Tank Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company Mechanized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank Battalion, 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Self-propelled Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company. Motorized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank/Mechanized Battalion, 2 Motorized Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company Light Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Mortar Battalion, 1 Infantry Recon Platoon Corps – 4 Brigades of any possible Type, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Recon Battalion, Mechanized Corps – 2 Tank Brigades, 2 Mechanized Brigades, 1 Self-Propelled Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Recon Battalion

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38 Bosnia-Herzegovina The poorest of the new armies to raise from the dust of the Yugoslav political collapse. The Bosnian Army is a patchwork of old Soviet and American Equipment. Expect to find US M36 Tank Destroyers employed along side of T55 tanks. 38 A Bosnian Infantry Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle Machinegun Platoon 1 Truck, 1 MG Mortar Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82RR Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG

38 B Bosnian Motorized Infantry Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Truck, 3 Rifle Machinegun Platoon 1 Truck, 1 MG Mortar Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82RR Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG 38 C Bosnian Tank/Mechanized Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 2 Tank Companies each 3 Tank 1 Infantry Company 3 BOV-M, 3 Rifle Note APCs as per the mechanized infantry battalion. Tanks are: T55 M47 M36B1 38 D Bosnian Artillery Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 4 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 1 Gun, 2 Trucks Note Guns would include 76Ha, 105Ha, 122Ha, 130H, 152Ha, and 155Ha. Rockets are 128 Rct (self-propelled and towed). 38 E Bosnian Recon Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 BRDM2, 1 CP, 1 GSR, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Scout Company 2 BRDM2 38 F Bosnian Anti-Tank Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Anti Tank Batteries each 2 ATG, 2 Truck 1 Self-propelled Company 2 SPAT Note ATG can be:

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Towed: 76ATG 100ATG 38 G Bosnian Anti-Aircraft Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Anti Aircraft Batteries each 2 AAG, 2 Truck Note AAG can be: 57AAG 38 H Bosnian Engineer Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Engineer Companies each 2 Const Engr, 3 Truck, 1 Bridge 38 I Bosnian Recon Company Post 1992 2 BRDM2 38 J Bosnian Anti-Tank Company Post 1992 1 Sagger, 3 ATG, 4 Trucks Note ATG can be: 90RR 82RR 105RR 120RR 38 K Bosnian Engineer Company Post 1992 3 Combat Engr, 3 Trucks 38 L Bosnian Anti-Aircraft Battery Post 1992 2 SA7, 2 AAG, 4 Trucks Note AAG can be: 20AAQG 20AAG 38 M Bosnian Infantry Recon Platoon Post 1992 2 Scout, 2 Truck 38 N Bosnian Brigade Headquarters Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 6 Truck 38 O Bosnian Corps Headquarters Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 6 Truck Large Units: Motorized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank/Mechanized Battalion, 2 Motorized Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company

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Light Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Mortar Battalion, 1 Infantry Recon Platoon Corps – 4 Brigades of any possible type, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Recon Battalion,

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39 Bosnian-Serb Republic This army was known to have gotten a lot of military equipment from the remains of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Rump Serbia) and follows its pattern of warfare. This army is aggressive and violent, especially the light infantry militia units fighting in their home area. 39 A Bosnian-Serb Infantry Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle Machinegun Platoon 1 Truck, 1 MG Mortar Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82RR Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG

39 B Bosnian-Serb Motorized Infantry Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each Machinegun Platoon Mortar Platoon Anti Tank Platoon Anti Aircraft Platoon

Battalion Post 1992 3 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Truck, 3 Rifle 1 Truck, 1 MG 1 Truck, 1 82M 1 Truck, 1 82RR 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG

39 C Bosnian-Serb Mechanized Infantry Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 2 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 APC, 3 Rifle Machinegun Platoon 1 Truck, 1 MG Mortar Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82M Anti Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 82RR Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 Truck, 1 14.5AAG Note APCs are: BOV-M BVP M80 BVP M60 BTR60 39 D Bosnian-Serb Tank/Mechanized Headquarters 2 Tank Companies each 1 Infantry Company Note Battalion Post 1992 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Tank 3 APC, 3 Rifle APCs as per the mechanized infantry battalion. Tanks as per the tank battalion

39 E Bosnian-Serb Tank Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Tank Companies each 3 Tank Note Tanks are: T55 T34/85

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39 F Bosnian-Serb Artillery Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 2 BOV-M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 1 Howitzer, 2 Trucks Note Guns would include 76Ha, 105Ha, 122Ha and b, 130H, 152Ha and b, and 155Ha and b. Rockets are 128 Rct (self-propelled and towed) and 262 Rct (Self-propelled only). 39 G Bosnian-Serb Recon Battalion Post 1992 Headquarters 1 BRDM2, 1 CP, 1 GSR, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Scout Company 2 BRDM2 39 H Bosnian-Serb Anti-Tank Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Anti Tank Batteries each 2 ATG, 2 Truck 1 Self-propelled Company 2 SPAT Note ATG can be: Towed: 76ATG 100ATG SPAT: M36B1 BRDM2/AT BOV-1 AT Self-propelled company is available in mechanized units only 39 I Bosnian-Serb Anti-Aircraft Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Anti-Aircraft Batteries each 2 AAG, 2 Truck Note AAG can be: 57AAG ZSU57 39 J Bosnian-Serb Engineer Regiment Post 1992 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Engineer Companies each 2 Const Engr, 3 Truck, 1 Bridge 39 K Bosnian-Serb Recon Company Post 1992 2 BRDM2 39 L Bosnian-Serb Anti-Tank Company Post 1992 2 Sagger, 2 ATG, 4 Trucks Note ATG can be: 90RR 82RR 105RR 120RR

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39 M Bosnian-Serb Engineer Company Post 1992 3 Combat Engr, 3 Trucks 39 N Bosnian-Serb Anti-Aircraft Battery Post 1992 2 SA7, 2 AAG, 4 Trucks Note AAG can be: 20AAQG 20AAG Or Self-propelled units: BOV-AA M53/59 BOV-30/2 39 O Bosnian-Serb Infantry Recon Platoon Post 1992 2 Scout, 2 Truck 39 P Bosnian-Serb Brigade Headquarters Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 6 Truck 39 Q Bosnian-Serb Corps Headquarters Post 1992 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 6 Truck Large Units: Armour Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Tank Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company Mechanized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank Battalion, 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Self-propelled Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company. Motorized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank/Mechanized Battalion, 2 Motorized Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti-Aircraft Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Recon Company, 1 Anti-Tank Company Light Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Mortar Battalion, 1 Infantry Recon Platoon Corps – 4 Brigades of any possible Type, 1 Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Recon Battalion, Mechanized Corps – 2 Tank Brigades, 2 Mechanized Brigades, 1 Self-Propelled Artillery Brigade, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Anti-Tank Regiment, 1 Engineer Regiment, 1 Recon Battalion

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40 India 1950+ The Indian army is the guardian of the world’s largest democracy. The Indians have been at war with China and Pakistan at various times since independence in 1947. This army can be said to be more British than the British army from which it inherited it’s traditions and military ethos. It is also one of the world’s largest standing armies. One of the biggest problems in representing a Third World army is the plethora of equipment from various sources. This variety of equipment is often serving alongside one another in the same units thus making for some interesting combinations. You will see a number of alternates offered to the official ORBAT feel free to change them out. 40 A Indian Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 14.5AA (SA7 after 1975) 1 Jeep, 3 Truck, 1 MRT 40 B Indian Mechanized Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions and 1 Tank Regiment. There are two such units in the Indian Army) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 14.5AA (SA7 after 1975) 1 Jeep, 3 Truck, 1 MRT Engineer Troop 1 MTU, 1 Pon Engr, 1 Truck 40 C Indian Armoured Brigade Headquarters (Commands 2 Tank Regiments, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 14.5AA (SA7 after 1975) 1 Jeep, 3 Truck, 1 ARV Engineer Troop 1 MTU, 1 Pon Engr, 1 Truck 40 D Indian Independent Armoured Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 Tank Regiments, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment Self-Propelled, 1 Brigade Recon Squadron) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 14.5AA (SA7 after 1975), 1 Jeep, 3 Truck, 1 ARV Engineer Troop 1 MTU, 1 Pon Engr, 1 Truck Note There are eight such brigades in the Indian army. 40 E Indian Artillery Brigade Headquarters (4 Artillery Regiments) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Engineer Troop 1 MTU, 1 Pon Engr, 1 Truck 40 F Indian Infantry Battalion 1950 to 1965 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Com Engr, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Inf, 1 Baz 1 Anti Tank Company 2 Jeep/106 1 Support Company 1 76M, 1 OP, 2 MMG, 1 Jeep, 3 Truck 40 G Indian Infantry Battalion 1966 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Com Engr, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Inf, 1 84RR 1 Anti Tank Company 2 Jeep/106 1 Support Company 1 81M, 1 OP, 1 MMG, 1 Jeep, 3 Truck Note 82mm mortars are also available although the Indians

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have now standardized on 81mm. All 76mm (British 3” mortars) are held in reserve 40 H Indian Infantry Battalion 1990+ Headquarters 3 Rifle Companies each 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Support Company Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Com Engr, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Inf, 1 RPG7 2 ATGW, 1 82mm, 3 Truck 1 81M, 1 OP, 2 MMG, 1 AGS17, 1 Jeep, 4 Truck Indians have a number of recoilless rifles (RR) for their inventory, they are: Bazooka (2.7 and 3.5) 82mm B10 84mm Carl Gustav 106mm M1 107mm SG Shown in the ORBAT are the most numerous. ATGW can be Milan or Spigot, possibly Sagger or Cobra but I found no information on that.

40 I Indian Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1950 to 1975 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Com Engr, 1 APC, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Inf, 1 Baz, 3 APC 1 Anti Tank Company 2 Jeep/106 1 Mortar Company 2 76M (or BTR/M), 1 OP, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck Note APC available are: BTR152 (from 1960) BTR60 (from 1970) The note in 40H regards recoilless rifles applies here as well. 40 J Indian Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1976+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Com Engr, 1 APC, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Inf, 3 APC 1 Anti Tank Company 2 ATGW, 1 82mm, 3 APC 1 Mortar Company 1 81M, 1 OP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck Note APC available are: BTR152 (from 1960) BTR60 (from 1970) OT64 (from 1975) BMP1 (from 1975) BMP2 (from 1995) Use the anti tank company in non-BMP units only. Only a limited number of BMP2 are available after 1995. Add 1 AGS17 GL and 1 more APC to the mortar company in 2002. See 40H with regard to ATGW. 40 K Indian Tank Regiment Headquarters 1 Recon Squadron

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Jeep/MG, 1 Jeep/106 (3 PT76 after 1985)

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3 Tank Squadrons each Note 3 Tank Tank types are: Sherman Centurion 5 T54 T55 M48 Vickers 2 Centurion 13 T62 T72 Vickers 3 T55/105 Arjun

(after 1950) (after 1960) (after 1960) (after 1966; Delete Sherman) (after 1960) (after 1967) (after 1975) (after 1976) (after 1980) (after 1982; Delete M48) (after 1983) (after 1993)

40 L Indian Artillery Regiment Headquarters 4 Batteries each Note

1CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 How, 2 Truck Howitzer types are: 3.7H (mountain units before 1965) 25H (before 1966) 5.5H (until 1996) 105Ha (after 1960) 130H (after 1965) 155Ha (after 1960) Abbot SP (after 1970) 155Hb (after 1985) AS90 (after 1997) India is standardizing on the 155mm NATO round in 2002. Any remaining pieces in service will be withdrawn and rebuilt to 155mm bore with Israeli assistance. Self-propelled units are in independent armoured brigades. It looks like Abbot will be retained for the future despite being a 105mm. Mountain units are equipped with mortars; available are 107mm (in reserve now), 120mm and 160mm mortars. Indians have both the British and American design 107mm mortars.

40 M Indian Anti Aircraft Regiment Headquarters 4 Batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 AAG, 2 Trucks or 2 SPAA AAG are: 40AA (until 1980) BTR/AA (after 1965) ZSU23 (after 1975) 2S6 is just starting to make an appearance in 2002.

40 N Indian Surface to Air Missile Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT

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3 Batteries each Note 2 SA6, 2 AD Rad, 2 Truck Regiments that are part of an armoured division have 2 SA9 in place of the above in each battery. The Indians have towed Tigercat, SA2 and SA3 in their inventories; same organization applies but adds prime movers.

40 O Indian Air Defense Group (Commands one Anti Aircraft Regiment and one Surface to Air Missile Regiment) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Note These groups are found in armoured divisions and at Corps level. 40 P Indian Brigade Recon Squadron Note 3 BRDM2 Staghound armoured car prior to 1966, PT76 prior to 1975.

40 Q Indian Recon and Support Battalion (Until 2003) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Tank Squadron 3 PT76 (M3 to 1960, AMX13 to 1975) 1 BMP Company 3 Inf, 3 BMP 1 BRDM Company 3 BRDM2 Note unit is used as a divisional recon unit. It operates by cross-attaching platoons to form three company sized recon teams. This ORBAT is due to be re-organized into a reconnaissance regiment. 40 R Indian Reconnaissance Regiment (Replaces the recon and support battalion in 2003) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Recon Squadrons each 3 BRDM2, 1 PT76 1 Helo Flight 3 Mi24 40 S Indian Divisional Anti Tank Company 3 BRDM2/AT (Jeep/S11 1968 to 1978, Jeep/TOW 1978 to 1989) 40 T Indian Engineer Regiment Headquarters 2 Engineer Squadrons each 1 Bridging Squadron

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck 2 Bridge, 2 Pon Engr, 4 Truck

40 U Indian Armoured Engineer Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Engineer Squadrons each 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck Armoured Engineer Squadron 3 PT54 40 V Indian Attack Helicopter Squadron 2 Helo Flights each 2 Mi24 (Mi35 has been purchased) 40 W Indian Transport Helicopter Squadron

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2 Helo Flights each Large Units: Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade (1 Regiment 5.5H, 3 Regiments 155 or 105H, 1 120 Mortar Battery), 1 Tank Regiment (T55), 1 Engineer Regiment Armoured Division - 1 Armoured Brigades, 1 Motorized Infantry Brigade, 1 Artillery Brigade (2 Regiments 155H), 1 Recon and Support Battalion, 1 Armoured Engineer Regiment Armoured Division (1980) - 3 Armoured Brigades, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Artillery Brigade (1 Regiment 130H, 3 Regiments 155H), 1 Air Defense Group, 1 Recon and Support Battalion, 1 Armoured Engineer Regiment RAPID Division – 2 Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade (1 Regiment 130H, 3 Regiments 105H, 1 BM21 Battery, 1 AA Gun Battery (ZSU23), 1 Armoured Brigade (2 Tank Regiments and 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions), 1 Divisional Anti Tank Company, 1 Attack Helicopter Flight, 1 Recon and Support Battalion, 1 Engineer Regiment 2 Mi8 or Mi4

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41 Pakistan 1950+ The main foil for India on the sub-continent, this army follows the British model but is more involved in the internal politics of Pakistan and the international politics of Islam. A tough fighting army it has reputation holding on no matter what the cost and has become extensively involved in UN Operations at the battalion level. 41 A Pakistani Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 MRT Anti Aircraft Company 6 SA7, 6 Truck Anti Tank Company 3 SPAT Note Before 1970 replace the M577 with a Truck. SPAT is: M36B1 (1950 to 1965) Jeep/106 (1965 to 1980) Jeep/Cobra (1980 to 1990) Jeep/TOW (1990+) Jeep/Red Arrow (1995+) 41 B Pakistani Armoured Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 Tank Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion Self Propelled) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 MRT Anti Aircraft Company 4 SA7 or RBS70, 4 APC (Stinger is available in limited amounts after 1988) Engineer Company 2 Com Engr, 2 APC, 1 PT54 Anti Tank Company 3 SPAT Note APC is: M113 (1970+) M3HT (1950 to 1969) SPAT is: M36B1 (1950 to 1960) Jeep/106 (1960 to 1975) Jeep/Cobra (1975 to 1985) Jeep/TOW (1980+) Jeep/Red Arrow (1985+) M901 (1990+) 41 C Pakistani Infantry Battalion 1950 Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Mortar Company to 1965 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Inf, 1 Baz, 1 MG 2 75RR, 2 Truck 1 OP, 2 76M, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck

41 D Pakistani Infantry Battalion 1966+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Inf, 1 RPG7, 1 MG 1 Anti Tank Company 2 Jeep/106 1 Mortar Company 1 OP, 2 81M, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck

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41 E Pakistani National Guard Infantry Battalion (local defense units that do not serve outside their locality) Headquarters 1 CP 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Inf, 1 RPG7 1 Mortar Platoon 1 82M, 1 Truck Note This organization holds for irregular “liberation” or “terrorist” forces engaged in Kashmir 41 F Pakistani Special Services Group Commando Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Cdo, 1 RPG7, 1 MG 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Cobra, 1 82RR, 2 Truck 1 Mortar Company 1 OP, 2 81M, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck Note 3 SSG battalions form the SSG Group. 41 G Pakistani Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1950 to 1969 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 APC, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Inf, 1 Baz, 1 MG, 4 APC 1 Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 1 Truck Note Before 1970 replace the M577 with a Truck. APC is: M113 (1970+) M3HT (1950 to 1969) 41 H Pakistani Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1970+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Inf, 1 RPG7, 1 MG, 4 M113 1 Support Company 1 81M, 1 Cobra, 1 82RR, 3 Truck Note 41 I Pakistani Tank Battalion Headquarters 1 Recon Company 3 Tank Companies each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 1 1 Jeep/MG, 1 Jeep/106 3 Tank Tank types are: M4/76 M48 M47 Type 59 M48A5 Type 69 Al Kalhid T80U

Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV

(1950 to 1965) (1960 1990) (1975+) (1975 to 1990) (1980+) (1985+) (1993+) (2002+)

41 J Pakistani Divisional Cavalry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M48, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Recon Company 3 A/C 3 Tank Companies each 3 Tank

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Note Tanks are usually light tanks, although Main battle tanks have been used. Again there are no hard and fast rules for this. Light tanks used are: M24 (1950 to 1965) M41 (1960 to 1985) AMX13 (1966 to 1976) PT76 (1975 to 1990) Type 63 (1980+) Armoured cars used in the recon company are: M8 (1950 to 1969) M20 (1950 to 1969) AML90 (1970 to 1990)

41 K Pakistani Artillery Battalion (Light and Medium) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Batteries each 2 How, 2 Truck Note Howitzers is Light Guns 3.7H (mountain units) 75H 25H 105Ha (after 1960) 105Hb (after 1975) 122H (after 1965) Medium Guns 5.5H 130H (after 1965) 155Ha (after 1960) 155Hb (after 1985) 41 L Pakistani Artillery Battalion (Self Propelled) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Batteries each 2 SPH Note Units were re-equipped from 1980 at a very slow pace. Self-propelled howitzers used are: M7 HMC (1950 to 1995) M109A2 (1980+) 41 M Pakistani Mortar Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 OP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 120M, 2 Truck Available mortars are 120mm and 107mm. 107mm is the WW2 British mortar and is considered obsolete but was in general use before 1965.

41 N Pakistani Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Batteries each 2 AAG, 2 Truck Note Available anti aircraft guns are:

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14.5AA 23AA 37AA 40AA 57AA (after 1965) (after 1970) (after 1965) (after 1950) (after 1965)

41 O Pakistani Surface to Air Missile Squadron 2 SAM, 2 AD Rad, 4 Truck Note Hawk systems are part of the national air defence system (air force controlled). The crotale units provide air cover to army units in the field and are attached to Corps. Surface to air missile systems include: Hawk (1970+) Crotale (1985+) 41 P Pakistani Engineer Battalion Headquarters 2 Engineer Companies each 1 Bridging Company

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Com Engr, 2 Truck 2 Bridge, 2 Pon Engr, 4 Truck, 1 MLG

41 Q Pakistani Attack Helicopter Squadron 2 Flights each 2 AH1 Large Units: Infantry Division – 2 to 4 Infantry Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade (3 Battalions Light, 1 Battalion Medium, 1 Mortar Battalion), 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Battalion Armoured Division – 3 Armoured Brigades, 1 Artillery Brigade (3 Battalions Light, 1 Battalion Medium, 2 Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalions), 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cavalry Battalion

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42 Belgium 1980+ Belgium is a NATO member and a middle power in Europe. A good all round army well equipped they long remember the results of not being prepared in 1940. Belgium has taken part in several UN missions in Europe and in their former colonies in Africa. Belgian army consists of 1 Corps of 1 Mechanized Infantry Division and 1 Parachute/Commando Brigade (all regular). 42 A Belgian Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Security 1 MP, 1 Truck Engineer Company 2 Com Engr, 2 Truck 42 B Belgian Parachute/Commando Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 Parachute/Commando Battalions, 1 Para Artillery Battalion, 1 Para Recce Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Security 1 MP, 1 Truck Air Defense Battery 4 Mistral, 4 Iltis Recce Company 3 Scout, 3 Iltis Engineer Company 4 Com Engr, 4 Truck 42 C Belgian Mechanized Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Armoured Battalion, 1 Armoured Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti Tank Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Security 1 MP, 1 Truck Engineer Company 2 Com Engr, 2 M113, 1 AEV 42 D Belgian Armoured Brigade Headquarters (Commands 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 2 Armoured Battalion, 1 Armoured Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti Tank Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Security 1 MP, 1 Truck Engineer Company 2 Com Engr, 2 M113, 1 AEV 42 E Belgian Air Defense Group Headquarters 42 F Belgian Artillery Group Headquarters

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 2 Truck, 1 MRT

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 2 Truck, 1 MRT

42 G Belgian Parachute/Commando Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 2 Iltis, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Mortar Platoon 2 81M, 1 CP, 1 Iltis, 2 Truck Anti Tank Platoon 2 Milan, 2 Iltis 3 Parachute Companies each 3 Para 42 H Belgian Light Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 2 Iltis, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Mortar Platoon 1 81M, 2 Truck Anti Tank Platoon 2 Milan, 2 Truck

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3 Infantry Companies each 3 Inf, 3 Truck

42 I Belgian Mechanized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M557, 1 AIFV, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Mortar Platoon 1 M125, 1 M106, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M113 Reconnaissance Platoon 1 Scorpion, 1 Scimitar 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Inf, 3 AIFV Note Other available APCs that could replace the AIFV include: M3HT M75 AMX VCI M113 42 J Belgian Armoured Battalion Headquarters Reconnaissance Platoon 3 Tank Companies each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 M548, 1 Leopard 1, 1 ARV, 1 Leopard 1 Dozer 1 Scorpion, 1 Scimitar 3 Leopard 1 Other tanks available include: M47 AMX13/105 M4/76 M41 M24 M41 or M24 replaces both Scorpion and Scimitar in reserve unit equipped with tanks other than Leopard 1.

42 K Belgian Armoured Recce Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 M548, 1 Leopard 1, 1 ARV, 1 Scorpion, 1 Scimitar 3 Recce Companies each 3 Leopard 1 Note Light tanks were used prior to 1985, namely M41 and M24. Light recce vehicles would be replaced by the M8 and M20 armoured cars. 42 L Belgian Jager Recce Battalion Headquarters Security 3 Companies each

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Spartan, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 MP, 2 Spartan 2 Scorpion, 2 Scimitar, 1 Striker

42 M Belgian Parachute Recce Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Companies each 3 Scout, 3 Iltis 42 N Belgian Parachute Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 105Hb, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Op, 1 Iltis Note Other artillery available: 105Ha

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155Ha 155Hb 42 O Belgian Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 M109A2, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Op, 1 Iltis Other artillery available in early periods: M109 M108 M44 M7

42 P Belgian Heavy Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Batteries each 2 How, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Op, 1 Iltis Note Howitzer is: 203Ha M110 42 Q Belgian Missile Regiment Headquarters 2 Batteries each

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 1 Lance, 1 Truck

42 R Belgian Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 SPAAG Note Weapons systems available: M163 Gerpard 20AA (add trucks as prime movers) Gatling (Towed, again add trucks) 42 S Belgian Anti Aircraft Missile Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Batteries each 1 Hawk, 2 Truck 42 T Belgian Anti Tank Battalion Headquarters Cannon Company Missile Company 42 U Belgian Engineer Battalion Headquarters 3 Engineer Companies each

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 JP Kanone 4 Milan, 4 Jeep, 4 Truck

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck

42 V Belgian Heavy Engineer Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Engineer Companies 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck 1 Armd Engineer Company 3 AVLB, 3 Pon Engr, 3 M113

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42 W Belgian Bridging Battalion Headquarters 1 Bridging Company 2 Bridging Companies each 42 X Belgian Army Aviation Group Headquarters Security 1 Liaison Battalion 2 Attack Helo Battalions Large Units: Mechanized Infantry Division – 1 Armoured Brigade, 1 Mechanized Brigade

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Tank Bridge, 2 Pon Engr, 5 Truck 6 Truck Bridge, 4 Pon Engr, 10 Truck

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Iltis, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 1 MP, 1 Iltis 4 Alouette II 4 A109/AT

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43 The Netherlands The Dutch are marginally prepared to operate in Europe but would require time to mobilize to get their units to full strength. Dutch commandos work very closely with the British Royal Marine Commandos and are considered to be very good. Dutch mechanized units have participated in various UN missions although not always successfully. The Dutch army in 1980 consisted of 1 Corps of 3 Mechanized Infantry Divisions (1 Regular, 1 Reserve and 1 Mixed) plus Corps troops. The peace dividend of the 1990s reduced the regular Dutch army to one mixed division. This army tends to follow the German model, while commando units follow the British model. 43 A Dutch Light Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 Light Infantry and 1 Towed Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck Security 1 MP, 1 Truck 43 B Dutch Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 Infantry and 1 Towed Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck Security 1 MP, 1 Truck Reconnaissance Company 3 LR/MG Tank Company 3 Cen 13 43 C Dutch Airmobile Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 3 Airmobile Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck Security 1 MP, 1 Truck Engineer Company 3 Com Engr Heavy Mortar Company 3 120M, 3 Truck, 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1OP 43 D Dutch Mechanized Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 1 Tank, 2 Mechanized Infantry and 1 Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck Security 1 MP, 1 Truck Reconnaissance Company 4 M113R, 1 YPR765, 1 M106 Engineer Company 1 AVLB, 1 CEV, 2 Com Engr, 2 M113 Air Defense Company 3 Gepard Note APC types as per Armoured Infantry Battalion note. 43 E Dutch Armoured Brigade Headquarters (Commands 2 Tank, 1 Mechanized Infantry and 1 Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck Security 1 MP, 1 Truck Reconnaissance Company 4 M113R, 1 YPR765, 1 M106 Engineer Company 1 AVLB, 1 CEV, 2 Com Engr, 2 M113 Air Defense Company 3 Gepard 43 F Dutch Light Brigade Headquarters (Commands 1 Tank, 1 Mechanized Infantry, 1 Artillery and 1 Recon Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck

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Security Reconnaissance Company Engineer Company Air Defense Company 1 MP, 1 Truck 4 M113R, 1 YPR765, 1 M106 1 AVLB, 1 CEV, 2 Com Engr, 2 M113 3 Gepard

43 G Dutch Air Defense Group (Commands 6 Air Defense Artillery Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck Security 1 MP, 1 Truck 43 H Dutch Artillery Group (Commands 4 Heavy Artillery Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck 43 I Dutch Commando Battalion Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Support Company 43 J Dutch Light Infantry Battalion Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Support Company

1 CP, 1 Jeep 3 Rifle, 1 Dragon 1 LR/MG, 3 Stinger, 2 Milan, 1 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP

1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Rifle, 1 Dragon 1 LR/MG, 2 Stinger, 1 Jeep/TOW, 1 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeeps, 2 Trucks

43 K Dutch Infantry Battalion Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Support Company

1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Rifle, 1 Dragon 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 120M, 1 Truck, 2 Jeep

43 L Dutch Airmobile or Marine Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Dragon 1 Support Company 1 LR/MG, 3 Stinger, 1 Jeep/TOW, 1 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP Note Marines have four infantry companies. 43 M Dutch Armoured Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Recce Platoon 1 APC or M113R 3 Infantry Companies each 3 APC, 3 Rifle, 1 Dragon 1 Support Company 1 CP, 1 OP, APC/120, 1 APC/TOW Note APC can be M3 HT, M113, YPR or YP408 depending on year. Only one type employed in a battalion; ARV should match type. 43 N Dutch Tank Battalion Headquarters Reconnaissance Platoon 3 Tank Companies each Note

1 Tank, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 M113 or YPR or M113R 4 Tank Tanks can be Sherman, Centurion 13, Leopard 1 or Leopard 2. Use M113 with Centurion and Leopard 1 and

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YPR with Leopard 2. 43 O Dutch Recce Battalion Headquarters 3 Recce Companies each Support Company 43 P Dutch Field Artillery Battalion Headquarters 4 batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 M113, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Leo 1, 4 M113R 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 M106, 2 M113

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck 2 How, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 YP408 Howitzers include: 105Ha 105Hb 155Ha 155Hb

43 Q Dutch Self Propelled Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck 4 Batteries each 2 How, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M113 Note Howitzers include: M7 AMX105 M109 M109A4 M107 M110 43 R Dutch MLRS Battalion Headquarters 2 Batteries each

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck 2 MRLS, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M113

43 S Dutch Air Defense Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck 2 Batteries each 2 40AA, 12.7AA, 3 Truck 43 T Dutch Corps Engineer Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck 2 Engineer Companies each 2 Com Engr, 2 Truck 2 Bridging Companies each 2 Pon Engr, 2 Bridge, 4 Truck 43 U Dutch Divisional Engineer Group (Commands 2 Engineer Regiments) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck 43 V Dutch Air Force Tactical Aviation Group Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 YP408, 2 Truck Security 1 MP, 1 Truck 2 Attack Helo Squadrons ea 3 AH64 1 Observation Squadron 5 BO105 1 Medium Lift Squadron 3 Cougar 2

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1 Heavy Lift Squadron Large Units: Mechanized Infantry Division 1980 – 1 Armoured Brigade, 2 Mechanized Brigade, 1 Recce Battalion Mixed Division 1990 – 1 Mechanized Brigade, 1 Light Brigade, 1 Airmobile Brigade, 1 Artillery Group, 1 Engineer Group, 1 Air Defense Battalion 2 CH47

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44 Denmark Post 1980 Denmark is a small nation with a very small military. The Danes have very little operational experience. The Danes have no immediate history of military prowess and their capabilities are unknown in real war conditions. The last time their nation was invaded the government ordered the troops to stay in their barracks, which they did until ordered to surrender by the German occupation authority. There is one division in the Danish Army – The Jutland Division. 44 A Division Headquarters Headquarters

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT

44 B Danish Mechanized Brigade Headquarters 1980+ (Commands 1 Armoured Battalion, 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Motorized Infantry Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Anti Tank Company 2 Jeep/TOW Air Defense Company 4 Redeye, 4 Jeep Engineer Company 2 Com Engr, 1 Pon Engr, 3 M113 Recon Company 1 Rifle, 1 M113, 2 M41, 1 M125 44 C Danish Motorized Infantry Battalion 1980+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Platoon 1 Jeep/MG Mortar Platoon 1 CP, 1 OP, 120M, 1 Truck, 2 Jeep Anti Tank Platoon 2 Jeep/TOW 4 Motorized Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 44 D Danish Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1980+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Platoon 1 Scout, 1 M113 Mortar Platoon 1 CP, 1 OP, 120M, 1 Truck, 1 M125 1 Tank Company 2 Leo1 2 Mechanized Companies ea 3 Rifle, 3 M113 1 Motorized Company 3 Rifle, 3 Truck Note Motorized company is available at war mobilization 44 E Danish Armoured Battalion 1980+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Platoon 1 Scout, 1 M113 Mortar Platoon 1 CP, 1 OP, 120M, 1 Truck, 1 M125 2 Tank Companies each 2 Leo1 1 Mechanized Companies ea 3 Rifle, 3 M113 1 Motorized Company 3 Rifle, 3 Truck Note Motorized company is available at war mobilization 44 F Danish Engineer Battalion 1980+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Companies each 2 Com Engr, 2 Truck 44 G Danish Brigade Artillery Battalion 1980+

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Headquarters 2 Batteries each 1 Battery Air Defense Battery 1 1 1 3 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT CP, 1 OP, 2 M113, 2 Truck, 2 1M109A4 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck, 2 155Ha Truck, 2 40AA, 1 AD Rad

44 H Danish Division Artillery Regiment 1980+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 1st Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Batteries each 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck, 2 155Ha 1 Battery 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck, 2 203H 2nd Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Batteries each 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck, 2 230H 44 I Danish Anti Aircraft Battalion 1980+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Companies each 3 Truck, 2 40AA, 1 AD Rad 44 J Danish Helicopter Squadron 1980+ 3 Flights 3 OH500M Large Units: Mechanized Division - 1 Divisional Headquarters, 3 Mechanized Brigades, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Helicopter Squadron.

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45 Switzerland An armed neutral since the middle ages, Switzerland has enjoyed a long peace in the midst of two world wars and the cold war. The Swiss army uses almost all home developed equipment in the armed neutral tradition. However recently it started to purchased high value proven systems in Europe. Every adult in the country is militarily trained and most are reservist who keep their weapon at home and ready to go in an emergency. The army has high morale and is at home in the rugged country of its native land. Doctrine is strictly defensive and based on the fixed lines of fortifications and delaying positions backwards to the centre of the country. Local quick and violent counter attacks are emphasized to keep the enemy of balance and make him pay for each inch of nation captured. One of the last armies in the world to still use the bicycle as a means of infantry transport. 45 A Swiss Division Headquarters Headquarters

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SB63, 2 Truck

45 B Swiss Panzer Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SB63, 2 Truck Recon Company 4 Eagle 45 C Swiss Territorial Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 45 D Swiss Infantry Regiment Headquarters (Commands 3 infantry battalions; two motorized and one mounted in M113 or LAV III) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SB63, 2 Truck Anti Tank Company 3 LAV/AT Recce Company 4 Eagle Engineer Company 3 Engr, 3 Truck Note Mountain infantry do not have an AT or recce company. Territorial infantry regiments use Milan and trucks in their AT Company. 45 E Swiss Artillery Regiment Headquarters (Commands 3 artillery battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SB63, 2 Truck 45 F Swiss Cyclist Regiment (Commands 2 cyclist battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 45 G Swiss Territorial Regiment (Commands 3 mountain battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 45 H Swiss Panzer Battalion Headquarters 1 Recon Platoon 3 Tank Companies each 1 Mech Infantry Company 1 Mortar Company 1 Anti Tank Company

1 1 4 3 2 3

CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SB63, 2 Truck Eagle MBT Rifle, 3 SB63 LAV/120, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 SB63 LAV/AT

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Note MBT is Pz68 in infantry support battalions and Leopard 2 in Armoured Brigades.

45 I Swiss Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 Recon Platoon 1 Tank Company 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Mortar Company 1 Anti Tank Company Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SB63, 2 Truck 1 Eagle 4 MBT 3 Rifle, 3 SB63 2 LAV/120, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 SB63 3 LAV/AT Mechanized infantry has the SB63, others have Mowag APC and no tank company. SB63 is being replaced with the Swedish CV90. Mountain infantry do not have SB63 and the AT company is Milan with trucks. Territorial infantry battalions do not have an AT Company or recce platoon either.

45 J Swiss Groupe de Train Headquarters 45 K Swiss Rescue Battalion Headquarters 3 Rescue Companies each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 5 Rifle These units are not armed in peacetime and are used to as an alpine patrol with SAR capabilities. They do represent a large organized pool of mountain-trained troops. It is likely to assume in the event of war on their homeland this unit would become a standard mountain infantry battalion or even a mountain infantry commando battalion.

45 L Swiss Cyclist Battalion Headquarters 1 Sp Company 3 Cyclist Companies each 45 M Swiss Mountain Battalion Headquarters 3 Inf Companies each 1 Mortar Company 1 Anti Tank Company Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 2 120M, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Milan 3 Rifle, 3 Cycle

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck 3 Rifle 2 120M, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep 3 Milan, 3 Truck Territorial infantry battalions do not have an AT Company.

45 N Swiss Engineer Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 1 Technical Company 2 AVLB, 2 CEV, 2 Bulldozer 3 Combat Engr Companies ea 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck 45 O Swiss Mechanized Artillery Battalion

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Headquarters 3 Batteries each 45 P Swiss Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each Note 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SB63, 2 Truck 2 M109G, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 SP63, 2 Truck

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck 2 105Hc, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck Mountain artillery uses 105Hc with 2 Trucks. Fortress Artillery uses 155Hc but they are emplaced in concrete and cannot be moved, so delete trucks.

45 Q Air Defense Group Headquarters 3 Batteries each 1 Battery 45 R Swiss Supply Battalion Headquarters 3 Supply Coys Large Units:

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 5 Stinger, 5 Truck 3 20AA, 3 Truck

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck 6 Truck

Panzer Brigade - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Mechanized Battalion, 2 Panzer Battalions, 1 Mechanized Artillery Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Cyclist Regiment. Territorial Brigade - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Rescue Battalion, 1 Groupe de Train, 1 Territorial Regiment (3 to 6 battalions), 1 Artillery Battalion (notational in peace time), 1 Engineer Battalion (notational in peace time), 1 Supply Battalion. Mountain Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 2 Mountain Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Air Defense Group, 1 Engineer Regiment. Field Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 to 2 Panzer Battalions, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Air Defense Group, 1 Engineer Regiment. Field Corps – 1 Corps Headquarters, 2 Field Divisions, 1 Armoured Brigade, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 Battalions).

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46 Sweden Also an armed neutral, Sweden maintains a large standing army with much locally designed equipment. Sweden is serious about its neutrality and conducts a joint services exercise annually where the whole armed forces will deploy to the field including a sizeable portion of its reserves. Swedish doctrine is based on successive lines of delay and making the invader pay dearly for each yard of ground. All of Sweden is a military camp with national highways designed to be used as fighter jet runways and harden positions available in the most unlikely spots for protection. Swedish troops are professional and competent and very adapt at winter warfare operations. There are two ORBATs - Org63 and Org90 and a modification Org2001 presented here. 46 A Swedish Infantry Brigade Headquarters 1963 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Company 4 Scout, 4 Truck Anti Tank Company 1 Inf AT, 1 BV206/90 Armd Anti Tank Company 2 IKV91, 1 Rifle, 1 Truck Anti Aircraft Company 2 20AA, 1 Redeye, 3 Truck 46 B Swedish Infantry Brigade Headquarters 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Company 4 Scout, 4 Truck Anti Tank Company 1 Inf AT, 1 BV206/90 Armd Anti Tank Company 3 IKV91, 1 Com Engr, 1 Truck Anti Aircraft Company 2 20AA, 1 RBS70, 3 Truck 46 C Swedish Arctic Infantry Brigade Headquarters Recon Company Anti Tank Company Anti Aircraft Company 46 D Swedish Arctic Infantry Brigade Headquarters Recon Company Anti Tank Company Anti Aircraft Company Headquarters 1963 to 1989 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 BV206, 1 ARV 4 Scout, 4 BV206 3 BV206/90, 1 Com Engr, 1 BV206 2 Redeye, 2 BV206 Headquarters 1990 to 2000 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 BV206, 1ARV 4 Scout, 4 BV206 3 IKV91, 1 Com Engr, 1 BV206 2 RBS70, 2 BV206

46 E Swedish Mechanized Infantry Brigade Headquarters 1963 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Company 3 Scout, 3 APC 2 Anti Tank Companies each 3 Jeep/TOW 46 F Swedish Mechanized Infantry Brigade Headquarters 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Company 3 Scout, 3 APC 46 G Swedish Mechanized Infantry Brigade Headquarters 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Company 3 Scout, 3 APC

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2 Anti Tank Companies each 3 BV206/TOW 46 H Swedish Armoured Brigade Headquarters 1963 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Company 3 Scout, 3 APC 2 Anti Tank Companies each 3 Jeep/TOW 46 I Swedish Mechanized Infantry Brigade Headquarters 2001+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Company 3 Scout, 3 APC 2 Anti Tank Companies each 3 BV206/TOW 46 J Swedish Armoured Brigade Headquarters 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Recon Company 3 Scout, 3 APC 46 K Swedish Infantry Battalion 1963 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Companies each 3 rifle, 1 84RR Recon Platoon 1 Scout Anti Tank Platoon 3 84RR Mortar Platoon 1 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3 Truck 46 L Swedish Infantry Battalion 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Companies each 3 rifle, 1 84RR Recon Platoon 1 Scout Anti Tank Platoon 3 84RR Mortar Platoon 1 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3 Truck 46 M Swedish Arctic Infantry Battalion 1963 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 BV206, 1 ARV 4 Companies each 3 rifle, 1 84RR, 3 BV206 Recon Platoon 2 Scout, 2 BV206 Anti Tank Platoon 3 84RR, 3 BV206 Mortar Platoon 1 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3 BV206 46 N Swedish Arctic Infantry Battalion 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 BV206, 1 ARV 4 Companies each 3 rifle, 1 84RR, 3 BV206 Recon Platoon 2 Scout, 2 BV206 Anti Tank Platoon 3 84RR, 3 BV206 Mortar Platoon 1 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 3 BV206 46 O Swedish Mechanized Battalion 1963 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Tank Company 3 Tanks Anti Tank Company 3 IKV91 2 Mech Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 84RR, 2 APC, 1 Truck

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Recon Platoon Cannon Company Note 2 Jeep/MG 1 Jeep/90, 1 105Ha, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck Tanks are: PV33 to 1966 S Tank from 1966 Centurion 13 from 1964 Leopard 2 from 1997 APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 CV90

46 P Swedish Mechanized Battalion 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Mech Companies each 3 Rifle, 184RR, 3 APC 2 Tank Companies each 2 Tank Engineer Platoon 1 Com Engr, 1 AVLB, 1 Bridge Recon Platoon 1 Scout, 1 APC Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 SPAAG Anti Tank Platoon 1 Jeep/TOW Mortar Platoon 1 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck Note APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 CV90 46 Q Swedish Armoured Battalion 1963 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Mech Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 84RR, 2 APC, 1 Truck Recon Platoon 2 Jeep/MG Anti Tank Platoon 2 Jeep/90 Cannon Company 1 105Ha, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck 2 Tank Companies each 3 Tank Note Tanks are: PV33 to 1966 S Tank from 1966 Centurion 13 from 1964 Leopard 2 from 1997 APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 CV90 46 R Swedish Armoured Battalion 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 SPAAG Anti Tank Platoon 2 Jeep/TOW Recon Platoon 1 Scout, 1 APC Mortar Company 2 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 3 Truck

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2 Mech Companies each 2 Tank Companies each Note 3 Rifle, 1 84RR, 3 APC 3 Tank Tanks are: S Tank from 1966 Centurion 13 from 1964 Leopard 2 from 1997 APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 CV90

46 S Swedish Armoured Battalion 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Anti Aircraft Platoon 1 SPAAG Engineer Platoon 1 Com Engr, 1 APC Recon Platoon 1 Scout, 1 APC Mortar Company 2 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 3 Truck 2 Mech Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 84RR, 3 APC 2 Tank Companies each 3 Tank Note Tanks are: S Tank from 1966 Centurion 13 from 1964 Leopard 2 from 1997 APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 CV90 46 T Swedish Artillery Battalion 1963 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 155Ha, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 3 Truck or 2 VK501, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck Note APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 46 U Swedish Artillery Battalion 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 155Hb, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 3 Truck or 2 VK501, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck Note APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 46 V Swedish Engineer Battalion 1963 to 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Bridge Company 2 Bridge, 2 Pon Engr, 4 Truck

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2 Engineer Companies each Note 2 Com Engr, 2 Trucks APCs are: PBV301 PBV302

46 W Swedish Anti Tank Battalion 1963 to 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 TOW Companies each 2 PV551, 1 PBV302, 1 Rifle Cannon Company 4 Jeep/90 Mortar Company 2 120M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 3 Truck Note APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 46 X Swedish Anti Aircraft Battalion 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Self Propelled Company 2 LV701 Towed Company 2 RBS70, 2 Truck Note APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 46 Y Swedish GHQ Anti Aircraft Battalion 1990 to 2000 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 40AA, 1 AD Rad, 4 Truck Note APCs are: PBV301 PBV302 46 Z Swedish Helicopter Battalion 1963 to 2000+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each Large Units: Infantry Brigade 1963 to 1990 - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Engineer Battalion, 3 Infantry Battalions Arctic Infantry Brigade 1963 to 1990 - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Engineer Battalion, 3 Arctic Infantry Battalions Armoured Brigade 1963 to 1990 - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Engineer Battalion, 3 Armoured Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion Mechanized Brigade 1963 to 1990 - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Armoured Battalion, 2 Mechanized Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion Armoured Brigade 1990 to 2000 - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Engineer Battalion, 3 Armoured Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti Tank Battalion.

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Mechanized Brigade 1990 to 2000+ - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Engineer Battalion, 3 Mechanized Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 Anti Tank Battalion. Mechanized Brigade 2001+ - 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Engineer Battalion, 3 Mechanized Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion.

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47 Republican Italy Italy has presented an interesting modern military history. From complete defeat in 1943, it was rebuilt by the Allies in 1943 to fight the Germans in Italy and free the Allies to invade Europe. Even in this role it did not realize much success. Equipped after the war with first surplus Canadian Army equipment, then newer American equipment it now makes “made in Italy” American inspired equipment. 47 A Brigade Headquarters Group 1989+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 1 MRT, 3 Truck Anti Tank Company 3 SPAT (either Jeep/106, M113/106, M150) Engineer Company 3 Engr, 3 Truck Note Anti-Tank Company added to Mechanized and Armoured Brigades in 1983. 47 B Italian Infantry Battalion 1949 to Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Mortar Company Note 1979 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 MRT, 3 Truck, 1 Jeep/106 3 Rifle, 1 Baz 2 81M, 1 CP, OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck Use this ORBAT for Mountain and Parachute units to 1989 by replacing Baz with Folgore in 1980.

47 C Italian Infantry Battalion 1979+ Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Mortar Company

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 MRT, 3 Truck, 1 Jeep/106 3 Rifle, 1 Folgore 2 120M, 1 CP, OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck

47 D Italian Motorized Infantry Battalion 1959 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 1 MRT, 3 Truck, 1 Jeep/106 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 Baz, 4 Truck 1 Mortar Company 2 120M, 1 CP, OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck 47 E Italian Infantry Regiment 1949 to 1959 (Commands 2 to 4 Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 3 Truck 47 F Italian Infantry Regiment 1959+ (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 3 Truck 47 G Italian Parachute Infantry Regiment 1949 to 1989 (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 ARV, 3 Truck 47 H Italian Mountain Infantry Regiment 1949 to 1989 (Commands 3 Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 ARV, 3 Truck 47 I Italian Parachute Infantry Regiment 1999+ Headquarters 47 J Italian Mountain Infantry Regiment 1999+

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Headquarters 47 K Italian Infantry Regiment 1999+ Headquarters 3 Rifle Companies each 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Mortar Company

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 IFV, 1 M577, 2 Truck 3 Rifle, 3 VCC80 2 TOW, 3 Milan 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M113, 2 SPM

47 L Italian Bersaglieri Battalion 1949 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 1 ARV, 3 Truck, 1 Jeep/106 or M150 3 Bersaglieri Companies each 3 Inf, 3 M113 or VCC1, 1 Jeep/106 or M113/106 or M150 1 Mortar Company 2 M113/120, 1 CP, OP, 2 Jeep Note Use M3 HT for APC prior to 1969, M113 overlaps to 1989 and VCC1 after 1986. It is probable that the armoured divisions had VCC1 and the mechanised divisions M113 after 1986. M150 is added after 1983. 47 M Italian Bersaglieri Regiment 1999+ Headquarters 47 N Italian Armoured Battalion 1959 to 1979 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 1 ARV, 3 Truck 3 Companies each 3 M46 or M47 47 O Italian Armoured Battalion 1979 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 1 ARV, 3 Truck 3 Companies each 3 M60 or Leo 1 Note The Ariete Armoured Division had the M60, the Centuro Armoured Division and the Mechanised Divisions had Leopard 1. The Centuro division only has one armoured and one mechanised brigade. 47 P Italian Armoured Regiment 1999+ Headquarters 47 Q Italian Divisional Cavalry Battalion 1949 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 1 ARV, 3 Truck 1 Armoured Company 3 M60 or Leo 1 or M47 2 Bersaglieri Companies each 3 Inf, 3 M3 HT, M113 or VCC1, 1 Jeep/106 or M113/106 Note APC and Tank as appropriate to year. 47 R Italian Cavalry Regiment 1999+ Headquarters 47 S Italian Fortress Regiment 1999+ Headquarters

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47 T Italian Fortress Battalion Headquarters 47 U Italian Recce Cavalry Group Headquarters 47 V Italian Field Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 3 Truck, 1 MRT 1 CP, 1OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Tubes, 2 Trucks Tubes - 1949 – 1959: M7, Sexton, 155Ha, 149Ha, 5.5H 1959 – 1969: 155Ha, M52, 105Ha 1969 – 1979: M109, 155Ha, 155Hb, 105Hb 1979 – 1989: M109G, 155Hc, 155b, 105Hb 1969 – 1989: 203H M109 and M52 in Mechanized and Armoured Brigades only, 155H used as divisional artillery. 203H form one artillery battalion per infantry, mechanized and armoured division. 105Hb is the 105mm pack howitzer used by the parachute units. Mountain Artillery Battalions have 2 batteries of 105mm pack howitzers and 1 battery of 120mm mortars.

47 W Italian Engineer Regiment Headquarters 47 X Italian Engineer Battalion Headquarters 47 Y Italian SAM Regiment Headquarters 47 Z Italian SHORAD Regiment Headquarters 47 AA Divisi onal Helicopter Battalion 1975 to 1989 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 1 MRT, 3 Truck 2 Flights each 2 AB206 1 Recce Flight 2 AB47 47 AB Italian General Purpose Aviation Regiment Headquarters 47 AC Italian Amphibious Regiment (Sardegna) (Commands 3 to 4 amphibious battalions and and tank battation) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 3 Truck Note Tank battalion is equipped with an older type of tank than the army tank battalions. 47 AD Italian Amphibious Battalion (Sardegna)

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Headquarters 3 Marine Companies each 1 Mortar Company 1 Amphibious Company Large Units: Infantry Division 1949 to 1990 – 1 Divisional Headquarters, 2 Infantry Regiments or Brigades (depending on year), 1 Fortress Regiment, 1 Armoured Infantry Regiment, 1 Field Artillery Regiment, 1 Recce Cavalry Group, 1 Engineer Battalion Armoured Division 1949 to1990 – 1 Divisional Headquarters, 2 Tank Brigades (2 Armoured Battalions and 1 Bersaglieri Battalion, 1 Field Armoured Battalion), 1 Mechanized Brigade (1 Armoured Battalion and 3 Bersaglieri Battalions, 1 Field Artillery battlion), 1 Field Artillery Regiment (3 Field Artillery Battalions and 1 203H Battalions), 1 Divisional Cavalry Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Divisional Helicopter Battalion (after 1975) Mechanized Division 1949 to1990 – 1 Divisional Headquarters, 1 Tank Brigade (2 Armoured Battalions and 1 Bersaglieri Battalion, 1 Field Armoured Battalion), 2 Mechanized Brigades (1 Armoured Battalion and 3 Bersaglieri Battalions, 1 Field Artillery battlion), 1 Field Artillery Regiment (3 Field Artillery Battalions and 1 203H Battalion), 1 Divisional Cavalry Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Divisional Helicopter Battalion (after 1975) Cavalry Brigade 1949 to 1990 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Cavalry Regiments, 1 Field Artillery Regiment. Parachute Brigade 1949 to 1990 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Parachute Infantry Regiment, 1 Parachute Field Artillery Regiment, Parachute Engineer Battalion. Mountain Brigade 1949 to 1990 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Mountain Infantry Regiment, 1 Mountain Field Artillery Regiment, 1 Fortress Battalion, 1 Engineer Company. Infantry Brigade 1949 to 1990 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Infantry Regiment, 1 Field Artillery Regiment, 1 Engineer Company. Motorized Infantry Brigade 1949 to 1990 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Motorized Infantry Battalions, 1 Field Artillery Battalion, 1 Mortar Company. Armoured Group 1947 – 1 Group Headquarters, 2 tank Battalions (Sherman), 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion (M3 HT) Armoured Brigade 1948 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 tank Battalions (Sherman), 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion (M3 HT), 1 Artillery Battalion (M7) Missile Brigade 1965 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Alpine (Alpina) Brigade 2002+ – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 ARV, 3 Truck, 1 Jeep/106 or M150 3 Inf, 3 M113, M113/106 or M150 2 M113/120, 1 CP, OP, 2 Jeep 5 LVTP7

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Paratroop (Folgore) Brigade 2002+ – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Airmobile Brigade (Friuli) 2002+ – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Bersaglieri Brigade 2002+ – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Armoured Brigade 2002+ – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Armoured Cavalry Brigade 2002+ – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Mechanized Brigade 2002+ – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Artillery Brigade 2002+ – 1 Brigade Headquarters,

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48 Greece Greece is NATO and WEU member and placed at the meeting place of Asia, Africa and Europe. Greece is heavily deployed on its Eastern frontier with Turkey and is deployed in Albania and FROYM. Greece supports the Republic of Cyprus and has gone to war with Turkey three times since gaining independence from Turkey. Greece and Turkey are NATO allies in name only and do not cooperate with each other unless under the supervision of the USA. 48 A Greek Infantry Regimental Headquarters 2002+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Stinger, 2 M113, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 MRT Note Greece is scrapping the regiment as a military unit and standing up more flexible brigades to allow more cross attachment. 48 B Greek Brigade Headquarters 2002+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Stinger, 2 M113, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 48 C Greek Infantry Battalion 2002+ Headquarters 3 Companies each 1 Support companies

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 CP Truck, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 4 Truck, 2 Spigot

48 D Greek Mechanized Infantry Battalion 2002+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 APC 1 Support Company 2 M106, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 VBL/Milan Note APC can be: M113 from 1970 BMP2 (no ATGW) from 1994 Leonidas from 1996 KIFV from 2004 48 E Greek Marine Infantry Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each 1 Support companies 2002+ 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 AAV7, 1 CP Truck, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Marine, 3 AAV7 1 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 AAV7, 2 VBL/Milan

48 F Greek Special Forces Battalion 2002+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 CP Truck, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Companies each 3 Cdo 1 Support companies 1 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 2 Truck, 2 VBL/Milan 48 G Greek Tank Battalion 2002+ Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each 1 Reconnaissance Company Note

1 Tank, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Tank Tank can be M48 from 1970

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M48A5 from 1988 M60 from 1981 AMX30 from 1986 Leo 1 from 1984 Leo 2 from 2005 48 H Greek Reconnaissance Battalion Headquarters 48 I Greek Reconnaissance Company 2002+ Headquarters 48 J Greek Engineer Battalion 2002+ Headquarters 48 K Greek Engineer Company 2002+ Headquarters 48 L Greek Anti Aircraft Battalion 2002+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 CP Truck, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries each 2 Tubes, 2 Trucks or 2 SPAA Note Tubes are: 12.7AA 23AA 40AA M42 ZSU23 SA8 SA15 Hawk 48 M Greek Artillery battalion 2002+ Headquarters 3 Companies each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 CP Truck, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Tubes, 4 Truck, 2 Jeep Tubes can be: M110 M107 MRLS RM70 MGM140 155Ha 105Ha 105Hb 75Ha

48 N Greek Self Propelled Artillery Battalion 2002+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M109 or PzA2000 or M52 or Dana, 2 Truck, 2 M113

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48 O Greek Anti Tank Company 2002+ 3 Platoons each 1 M901 48 P Greek Aviation Battalion 2002+ Headquarters 3 Companies each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 CP Truck, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Helos Helos are: AH64 (1 Battalions) CH47 (1 Battalion) UH1 (5 Battalions)

Large Units: Armoured Division – 1 Divisional HQ, 3 Armoured Regiments, 1 Artillery Command (3 Battalions, 2 105mm and 1 155mm), 1 Recon Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion. The armoured division is the old ORBAT, all Greek units are now built around brigades. Infantry Division – 1 Divisional HQ, 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Command (3 Battalions, 2 105mm and 1 155mm), 1 Tank Battalion. The infantry division is the last of the old ORBAT, all Greek units are now built around brigades. Armoured Brigade – 1 Brigade HQ, 2 Tank Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Battalion, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Anti Tank Company Mechanized Brigade – 1 Brigade HQ, 1 Tank Battalion, 3 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Battalion, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Anti Tank Company Marine Brigade – 1 Brigade HQ, 3 Marine Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Tank Battalion Aviation Brigade - 1 Brigade HQ, 1 Attack Battalion (AH64), 1 Transport Battalion (CH47), 3 Operational Battalions

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49 Turkey Turkey is the only Muslim member of NATO and WEU and placed at the meeting place of Asia, Africa and Europe. Turkey is heavily deployed on its Western frontier with Greece. Turkey supports the Northern Republic of Cyprus and has gone to war with Greece three times since losing Greece as a part of the Ottoman Empire. Greece and Turkey are NATO allies in name only and do not cooperate with each other unless under the supervision of the USA. Greece and Turkey will never operate together as co-belligent nations in any theatre of operations without a nation buffering between them. 49 A Turkish Division Headquarters Headquarters 49 B Turkish Infantry Regiment Headquarters Headquarters Recon Platoon Mortar Company Anti Tank Company 49 C Turkish Infantry Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 49 D Turkish Armoured Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 49 E Turkish Mechanized Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 49 F Turkish Border Defence Regiment Headquarters 49 G Turkish Independent Infantry Regiment Headquarters 49 H Turkish Infantry Battalion Headquarters 49 I Turkish Mechanized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 49 J Turkish Commando Battalion Headquarters 49 K Turkish Presidental Guard Regiment Headquarters 49 L Turkish Border Defence Battalion Headquarters

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49 M Turkish Armoured Battalion Headquarters 49 N Turkish Recon Battalion Headquarters 3 Recon Companies each 49 O Turkish Armoured Recce Squadron Headquarters 49 P Turkish Recce Squadron Headquarters 49 Q Turkish Recce Group Headquarters 49 R Turkish Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each 49 S Turkish Anti-Aircraft Battalion Headquarters 49 T Turkish Engineer Battalion Headquarters 49 U Turkish Attack Helicopter Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Squadrons each 3 AH Note Currently there is only one Attack Helicopter Battalion with 3 squadrons of AH1S and 1 Squadron of AH1P. 49 Q Turkish Aviation Regiment (Commands 2 or 3 transport, observation and/or utility helicopter battalions and is deployed at the Corps level) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 49 R Turkish Aviation Battalion Headquarters 3 Squadrons each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Observation uses U17B, Transport uses Cougar, Utility uses UH1 or AB205A. Only one type of helicopter per Squadron and one tactical role per battalion (Observation, transport or utility). Special Forces (1st Commando Parachute Brigade) have a battalion that deploys a squadron each S70A, UH1 and U17B.

Large Units:

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Armoured Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Armoured Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalions. Infantry Regiment – 1 Regiment Headquarters, 3 Infantry Battalions. Mechanized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Armoured Battalion, 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions. Infantry Brigade 1989 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 4 Infantry Battalions, 2 Towed Artillery Battalions, 1 Recce Squadron. Mechanized Infantry Brigade 1989 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Armoured Battalion, 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 2 Self-propelled Artillery Battalions, 1 Armoured Recce Squadron. Commando Brigade 1989 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Commando Battalions, 2 Towed Artillery Battalions. Most Commando brigade are assigned anti Kurd terrorist roles in the mountains of Eastern Turkey. Mountain Commando Brigade 1989 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Most Commando brigade are assigned anti Kurd terrorist roles in the mountains of Eastern Turkey. Armoured Brigade 1989 – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Armoured Battalions, 2 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 2 Self-propelled Artillery Battalions. Infantry Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Armoured Battalion, 1 Recon Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment. Mechanized Infantry Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 2 Mechanized Brigades, 1 Armoured Brigades, 1 Recon Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment. Armoured Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 1 Mechanized Brigades, 2 Armoured Brigades, 1 Recon Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Artillery Regiment.

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50 Finland The Finnish military is equipped along Soviet lines but maintains a unique organization that grown out of 6 years of war with the Soviet Union. Finland is an armed neutral but being next to the USSR maintains a close relationship equipment wise. This works for Finland because the Soviet Union is the only potential aggressor on their borders thus being familiar with their equipment allows them to intregate any captures right away and on the battlefield. The Finnish army stresses infantry skills in a winter combat environment and they excel at it. Only armour and Jaeger brigades exist in peacetime, infantry brigades are created at mobilization. With demise of the USSR and the lessening of the threat from Russia, Finland is moving toward non-aligned Sweden in terms of equipment standardization (and Sweden is buying SISU vehicles from the Finns). This equipment technology sharing may well create a Scandinavian military power block in the post cold war vacuum. 50 A Finnish Armoured Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, Truck 1 Armoured Recce Company 4 BMP2 1 Anti Tank Missile Company 4 BMP2/Sigot

50 B Finnish Infantry Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, Truck 50 C Finnish Jaeger Brigade Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, Truck 1 Recce Company 3 BV206, 3 Jeep 1 Anti Tank Missile Company 4 TOW, 4 BV206 50 D Finnish Artillery Regiment (Commands 2 Artillery Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, Truck 50 E Finnish Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment (Commands 2 Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, Truck Note This is a strategic formation organized for the protection of infrastructure. 50 F Finnish Infantry Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each Support Company Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 BV202, 1 Truck 3 Rifle, 1 RPG7 1 AGS17, 1 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 BV202, 1 Sigot Many units are mounted in trucks or not at all depending on their role (mobilization or local defence).

50 G Finnish Jaeger Battalion Headquarters 3 Jaeger Companies each Support Company Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, Truck 3 Rifle, 1 Inf AT, 4 SISU 1 AGS17, 1 SISU/120, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 SISU, 1 Sigot Although most armies consider the Jaeger troops to be light infantry, it is Finnish practice that they are elite

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mechanized infantry. However they are highly trained in irregular operations in arctic and sub arctic environments and highly adapt at the use of skis and winter survivial. 50 H Finnish Armoured Battalion Headquarters 2 Tank Companies each 1 Mechanized Infantry Coy Note

1 MBT, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 BTR50, Truck, 1 T55/Marksman 3 MBT 3 Rifle, 3 BMP2 MBT is (order of readiness) Leopard 2A4, T72M (Armoured Brigades), T55 (maybe in reserve now but some have been used as AA tank conversion). BMP2 is being replaced by CV90 in Armoured brigades. There are BMP1 held in reserve.

50 I Finnish Engineer Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each 1 Technical Company Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, 1 Truck 3 Com Engr, 3 Truck 3 Bridge, 2 Bulldozer, 3 Truck There is a limited amount of specialized equipment so only a few battalions have a complete technical company.

50 J Finnish Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, 1 Truck 2 Tubes, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 SISU/OP Tubes are 122Hc, 152Hb (Jaeger and Infantry), 2S1, 2S5 (armoured), 155Hc and 122MRL (independent army and corps support). Finns place high value in their artillery arm and thus supply alot of it at the brigade level under direct brigade control. It is normal for a maneuver battalion to have a full artillery battalion dedicated to it in close support. This is in keeping with Finnish doctrine that all brigades must be able to function without a direct link to higher headquarters. Finnish doctrine stresses commanders intent to an extent not realized in NATO inspired armies.

50 K Finnish Strategic Anti-Aircraft Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, 1 Truck 3 Batteries each 3 SA11 Note SA11 is used to protect cities and towns. 50 L Finnish Jaeger Brigade Anti-Aircraft Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, 1 Truck 1 Battery 6 SA16, 6 SISU 1 Battery 4 23AA, 4 SISU 1 Battery 4 SISU/Crotale 50 M Finnish Helicopter Battalion Headquarters

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SISU, 1 Truck

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2 Companies each Note 4 Mi8 Finland has one military battalion in existence however there are sufficient privately owned and goverment owned Mi8s to create 3 more battalions. Main roles are cargo transport and cas evac but they do practice airmobile insertion on a company level.

Large Units: Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 4 Infantry Battalions, 2 Artillery Regiment (2 Battalions [mixture of 120M and 152Hb), 1 engineer Battalion, 1 Anti Aircraft Battery, 1 ATGW Battery, 1 Recce Company. All infantry brigades are reservist formations in peacetime save one training brigade. These brigades are mobilized in their local area for service in their locality during war. Jaeger Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 4 Jaeger Battalions, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 Battalions [2 122Hc, 1 152Hb]), 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 ATGW Battery, 1 Recce Company. Readiness Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 4 Jaeger Battalions, 1 Artillery Regiment (3 Battalions [2 2S1, 1 2S5), 1 engineer Battalion, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 ATGW Battery, 1 Recce Company. This ORBAT is somewhat spectulative as the Finnish army states that 3 of it’s Jaeger Brigades are at an increased state of readiness but with a light weight foot print (all regulars with reservists acting in non-critical roles). I am assuming all the newest and best light equipment is concentrated here and that an armoured battalion is part of these units. Armoured Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Armoured Battalions, 1 Artillery Regiment (2 Battalions), 1 engineer Battalion, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 1 ATGW Battery, 1 Armoured Recce Company. There maybe sufficient equipments for a two or more armoured brigades (T55/BMP 2/1 with towed artillery) held in reserve.

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51 Spain A fascist nation left out in the cold at the end of World War Two. It had to rely long on its own resources, however, the advent of the cold war saw large amounts of US equipment transferred to it for base rights and tact assistance to the free world. Since the death of Franco Spain has rejoined the European community and is modernizing its military with a mixture of US, European and homemade equipment. 51 A Spanish Division Headquarters Headquarters 51 B Spanish Parachute Brigade Headquarters Headquarters Anti Tank Company Engineer Company 51 C Spanish Armoured Brigade Headquarters Headquarters Anti Tank Company Engineer Company 51 D Spanish Mechanized Brigade Headquarters Headquarters Anti Tank Company Engineer Company 51 E Spanish Armoured Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies Note 51 F Spanish Mechanized Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies 1 Anti Tank Company 1 Cavalry Platoon 51 G Spanish Parachute Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each Anti Tank Platoon Recce Platoon AA Platoon Mortar Platoon 51 H Spanish Mountain Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each Anti Tank Platoon

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 2 Truck, 1 ACP 4 Tank Tank can be M47 or Leopard 2

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 VEC, 1 Truck, 1 ACP 3 Rifle, 3 VEC

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Recce Platoon AA Platoon Mortar Platoon 51 I Spanish Infantry Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each Anti Tank Platoon Recce Platoon AA Platoon Mortar Platoon 51 J Spanish Special Operations Battalion 51 K Spanish Divisional Cavalry Regiment Headquarters Light Armoured Group Headquarters Armoured Recce Company Group Mechanized Headquarters Squadron Armoured Company Mechanized 51 L Spanish Light Cavalry Regiment Headquarters 51 M Spanish Artillery Regiment Headquarters 2 Batteries Note

Parachute brigades use 105Hb.

51 N Spanish Self Propelled Artillery Regiment Headquarters 3 Batteries 51 O Spanish Air Defence Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 Gun Battery 1 Missile Battery 51 P Spanish Engineer Regiment Headquarters 3 Companies 51 Q Spanish Engineer Regiment (Mechanized) Headquarters 4 Companies

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Large Units: Armoured brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Mechanised infantry brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Armoured Cavalry brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Parachute brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Parachute Infantry Battalions, 1 Parachute Artillery Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion. Airmobile brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Special Operations, 1 Engineer Company. Spanish Foreign Legion brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Special Operations, 1 Engineer Company. Mountain brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Mountain Infantry Battalions, 1 Mountain Artillery Battalion, 1 Engineer Company. Light infantry brigade (following mobilisation) – 1 Brigade Headquarters, Land Aviation Force – 1 Force Headquarters, 1 Attack helicopter Battalion (), 1 Transport Helicopter Battalion (CH47), 3 Utility Helicopter Battalions (UH1). Mechanized Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 3 Mechanized Brigades, 1 Engineer Battalion, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Battalion. Rapid Action Force – 1 Force Headquarters, 1 Legion Brigade, 1 Parachute Brigade, 1 Mountain Brigade, 1 Land Aviation Force.

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52 Taiwan 1997+ Taiwan is a small island off the coast of mainland China where the Nationalist Government retreated following their defeat by the Communist Chinese. With the assistance of the US Navy, the Nationalists have created a new country in what was once a province of China. The main threat to their existence is the Communist Army but this is unlikely as long as US support is available. Recently the military re-organized into 30 brigade groups, discarding the concept of the division and reassigning all support services to the brigades. The military is equipped with US equipment although much of this is modified and added to by a growing home defense industry. 52 A Taiwanese Light Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Reserve army only) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT Engineer Company 3 Com Engr, 3 Trucks Cavalry Company 1 M24, 3 Jeep/MG Anti-Tank Company 3 106RR, 3 Truck Anti Aircraft Company 2 40AA, 2 Truck 52 B Taiwanese Airmobile Brigade Headquarters (Commands 4 Helicopter Battalions (one each) and 2 Airmobile Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 HMMV, 1 Truck, 1 MRT AA Platoon 1 HMMV/AA 52 C Taiwanese Marine Infantry Brigade Headquarters (Commands 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Tank Battalion, 2 Marine Infantry Battalions) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 HMMV, 1 Truck, 1 MRT Engineer Company 1 Com Engr, 1 LVTP5, 1 Dozer Heavy Mortar Company 4 120M, 2 OP, 1 CP, 3 HMMV, 4 Truck Reconnaissance Company 3 HMMV/MG Anti Aircraft Company 3 M730 52 D Taiwanese Armoured Brigade Headquarters (Commands 2 Armoured Battalions, 3 Armoured Infantry Battalions and 1 Artillery Battalion) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV Engineer Company 1 Com Engr, 1 APC, 1 Dozer, 1 AVLB with Bridge, 1 M548 Cavalry Company 1 M41, 3 V150 Anti-Tank Company 3 M901 Anti Aircraft Company 3 HMMV/AA Note APC types include: Tracked M113 CM21 AIFV Wheeled V150 CM31 HMMV 52 E Taiwanese Light Infantry Battalion (Reserve army only)

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Headquarters 3 Rifle Companies each 1 Support Company 52 F Taiwanese Marine Battalion Headquarters 3 Rifle Companies each 1 Support Company 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Inf, 1 90RR 1 Stinger, 1 81M, 1 106RR, 1 OP, 1 Jeep, 3 Trucks

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 LVTP5, 1 MRT 3 Marine, 1 90RR, 3 LVTP5 1 Stinger, 1 81M, 1 OP, 1 HMMV/106, 3 LVTP5

52 G Taiwanese Airmobile Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 HMMV, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Rifle Companies each 3 Inf, 1 90RR 1 Support Company 1 Stinger, 1 120M, 1 OP, 1 HMMV/106, 3 HMMV 52 H Taiwanese Armoured Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 1 M577, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Rifle Companies each 3 Inf, 90RR, 3 APC 1 Tank Company 3 M60A3 1 Support Company 1 Stinger, 1 APC, 1 M125, M113/106 Note APC types include: Tracked M113 CM21 AIFV 52 I Taiwanese Motorized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Rifle Companies each 3 Inf, 90RR, 3 APC 1 Tank Company 3 M48A5 1 Support Company 1 Stinger, 1 APC, 1 V150/M, 1 V150/106 Note APC types include: Wheeled V150 CM31 HMMV 52 J Taiwanese Armoured Battalion Headquarters 1 Rifle Company 2 Tank Companies each

1 CP, 1 M577, 1 M60A3, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Inf, 90RR, 3 CM21 3 M60A3

52 K Taiwanese Marine Armoured Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 M577, 1 M41, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 Anti Tank Company 3 CM25/AT 3 Tank Companies each 3 M41 52 L Taiwanese Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 How, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1OP, 2 HMMV

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Note Howitzers include: Airmobile 75H Light 105Ha 105Hb Medium 155Ha 155Hb M109A2 (Marines only) Heavy (Corps Assets) 203Ha 203Hb

52 M Taiwanese Mixed Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Light Batteries each 2 How, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1OP, 2 HMMV 1 Medium Battery 2 How, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1OP, 2 HMMV Note Howitzers include: Light 105Ha 105Hb Medium 155Ha 155Hb 52 N Taiwanese Anti Aircraft Gun Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Batteries each 2 AAG, 2 Truck Note Anti Aircraft Guns include: 12.7AA 35AA 40AA 52 O Taiwanese Anti Aircraft Missile Battalion (Corps Asset) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Batteries each 2 SAM, 2 Truck Note Anti Aircraft Missiles include: Nike Hercules Hawk Patriot 52 P Taiwanese Attack Helicopter Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Attack Companies each 2 AH1 52 Q Taiwanese Recce Helicopter Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 2 Recce Companies each 2 OH58D

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52 R Taiwanese Assault Helicopter Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Assault Companies each 2 UH1 52 S Taiwanese Air Transport Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Transport Companies each 2 CH47D Large Units: No units between Corps and Brigade. Corps has a variety of brigades in number and type depending on circumstance and mission.

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53 Viet Cong, Viet Minh and Army of the People’s Republic of North Vietnam 10,000 days of war has strengthened the Vietnamese communist into an un-beatable entity on his home ground. The French could not understand it, the American refused to understand it and the Chinese learned to accept it. Vietnam beat them all! 53 A Division Headquarters Headquarters

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck

53 B Viet Minh Regimental Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck AA Company 3 ZPU4 53 C Viet Cong Regimental Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs AA Company 3 ZPU4 53 D People’s Army of Vietnam Regimental Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck AA Company 3 ZPU4, 3 Truck 53 E Viet Minh Infantry Battalion Headquarters 3 Companies each Recon Platoon Mortar Platoon

1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Rifle, 1 60M, 1 MG 1 Recon 1 82M, 1 CP, 1 OP

53 F Viet Cong Local Force Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 RPG7, 1 60M, 1 MG Recon Platoon 1 Recon 53 G Viet Cong Main Force Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 82RR, 1 60M, 1 MG Sapper Platoon 1 Com Engr Recon Platoon 2 Recon 53 H People’s Army of Vietnam Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 RPG7, 1 60M, 1 MG 1 Support Company Mortar Platoon 2 82M, 1 CP, 1 OP AT Platoon 1 82RR Sapper Platoon 1 Com Engr Recon Platoon 2 Recon 53 I Viet Minh Engineer Regiment

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53 J Viet Cong Sapper Battalion

53 K People’s Army of Vietnam Engineer Battalion

53 L Viet Minh Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 OP 1 CP, 1 Tube (or 2 Mortar and no trucks), 2 Trucks Tubes are: 75Ha 76Ha 120M 122Ha 152Ha

53 M Viet Cong Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 OP 1 CP, 1 Tube (or 2 Mortar and no trucks), 2 Trucks Tubes are: 82M 120M 122Ha

53 N People’s Army of Vietnam Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Gaz 3 Batteries each 1 CP, 1 Tube (or 2 Mortar), 2 Trucks (or 3 Trucks) Note Tubes are: BM21 (army level counter battery asset) 120M 122Ha 122Hb 152Ha 53 O Viet Minh Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP 3 Batteries each 3 ZPU4 53 P Viet Cong Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP 3 Batteries each 3 ZPU4 53 Q People’s Army of Vietnam Anti Aircraft Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP 3 Batteries each 3 Tubes Note Tubes can be 37AA 85AA 100AA (There were a lot of these) SA2 SA3 ZPU4

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53 R People’s Army of Vietnam Tank Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each Note Battalion 1 Tank, 1 CP, 1 Truck 3 Tank Tank is as follows:

T34/85 T55 T62 Type59 M48A3 Type63 PT76 M41

to 1980 from 1960 on 1971 to 1993 from 1971 from 1975 to 1985 from 1973 no restriction from 1975 to 1985

Large Units: Sub Region – a geographic area in enemy terrain where a number of units operate permanently. It is a sub component of a region. Region - a geographic area in enemy terrain where a number of units operate permanently. Less than Division in size. Tank Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Tank Battalions (propably organized like Soviet Tank Regiments but never used as such) Division – usually controls 3 to 6 regiments plus support attachments. This unit was formalized as in the Soviet practice but only recently (1990s). Artillery Division – usually controls 2 to 4 artillery regiments. This unit was formalized as in the Soviet practice but only recently.

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54 Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces Since the end of the Allied occupation Japan has gone out of its way to be un-military. Militarism is a crime in Japan. The Japanese Ground Self Defense force reflects that belief in its organization and doctrine. Strictly defensively oriented, it is deployed to assist the civil power in the event of natural events more so than to defend the Japanese islands. Since the 1990, the division size units of the Japanese Self Defense Forces are organized identically; there are no armoured division only mechanized infantry called Army Division. Japanese divisions are very small in comparison to most nations. 54 A Japanese Division Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 54 B Japanese Infantry Regiment Headquarters 6 Infantry Companies each Mortar Company Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 4 APC, 4 Rifle 1 81M SP, 4 107M SP, 2 APC, 1 OP, 1 CP APC are: Type 73 from 1973 Type 89 from 1989

54 C Japanese Tank Regiment Headquarters 5 Tank Companies each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Tank Tank are: Type 61 Type 74 Type 90

54 D Japanese Artillery Regiment Headquarters 2 Artillery Batteries each

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Type 75, 2 APC, 1 CP, 1 OP

54 E Japanese Anti Aircraft Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 2 Gun Companies each 2 Type 87 2 Missile Companies each 2 Stinger, 2 Jeep Large Units: Large Army Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 4 Infantry Regiments, 1 Tank Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti Aircraft Artillery Regiment Small Army Division – 1 Division Headquarters, 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Tank Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti Aircraft Artillery Regiment Independent Army Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Infantry Regiments, 1 Tank Regiment, 1 Mixed Artillery Regiment

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55 Australia A non-military country with much in common with Canada. Australia has seen action in Vietnam and the Solomon Islands. Lightly equipped but has no real external threats. 55 A Australian Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Vehicle, 2 Truck 55 B Australian Infantry Battalion 1960 to 1980 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 LR, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Support Company Mortar Platoon 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 81M, 2 Truck, 2 LR AT Platoon 2 120RR, 2 LR Engineer Platoon 1 Com Engr, 1 Truck 55 C Australian Light Infantry Battalion 1981 to 2003+ Headquarters 55 D Australian Mechanized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 55 E Australian APC Squadron 1966 to 1967 5 M113, 1 M125 55 F Australian Cavalry Regiment (APC) 1966 to 1985 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 2 Truck 3 Squadrons each 5 M113, 1 M125, 2 M113 FSV 55 G Australian Cavalry Regiment Headquarters 55 H Australian Armoured Regiment Headquarters 3 Squadrons each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 Tank, 2 Truck 4 Tank Tank is 1945 to 1955 Sherman 1956 to 1981 Centurion 105 1981 to 2008 Leopard 1 2008 M1A2

55 I Australian Medium Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 LR, 2 Truck 2 Batteries each 2 155Hc, 4 Truck, 2 LR, 1 CP, 1 OP 55 J Australian Field Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 LR, 2 Truck 3 batteries each 2 105Hc, 4 Truck, 2 LR, 1 CP, 1 OP Note 120mm Mortar on GM LAV III Chassis is being

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introduced, 105mm Howitzer is being phased out. 55 K Australian Combat Engineer Regiment Headquarters

Large Units: Armoured Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Armoured Regiment, 1 Cavalry Regiment, 1 Medium Arillery Regiment, 1 Combat Engineer Regiment, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion. Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Cavalry Regiment, 1 Field Arillery Regiment, 1 Combat Engineer Regiment, 2 Infantry Battalions. (Reservist Formations) Light Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Field Arillery Regiment, 1 Combat Engineer Regiment, 3 Infantry Battalions. (Airmobile and Airborne capable) Motorized Infantry Brigade– 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Cavalry Regiment, 1 Field Arillery Regiment, 1 Combat Engineer Regiment, 3 Motorized Infantry Battalions.

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56 New Zealand Another non-military country with much in common with Canada. New Zealand has seen action in Vietnam. Lightly equipped but has no real external threats. 56 A New Zealand Infantry Battalion 1960 to 1980 Headquarters 1 HQ, 1 LR, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle 1 Support Company Mortar Platoon 1 CP, 1 OP, 1 81M, 2 Truck, 2 LR AT Platoon 2 120RR, 2 LR Engineer Platoon 1 Com Engr, 1 Truck Large Units: None this army is too small for larger formations but there is an artillery battery (155mm) and an lighted armoured squadron (Scorpion).

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57 South African Defense Force South Africa was sanctioned by the world for it’s racial polices since the 1970s. The South African Armed Forces have grown up in an environment where they have had to develop all their own equipment. They have faced communist and terrorist threats all along their borders. The army has developed into a specialized bush war army that has enjoyed success in Nambia and Angola. The status of its ability and training is more uncertain since the end of apartheid. 57 A South African Defense Force Infantry Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 57 B South African Defense Force Mechanized Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 57 C South African Defense Force Tank Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Casspir, 1 Olifant, 1 Truck 3 Armoured Squadrons each 3 Olifant 57 D South African Defense Force Special Service Battalion Headquarters 57 E South African Defense Force Armoured Recce Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Casspir, 1 Ratel 90 or Eland 90, 1 Truck 3 Armoured Squadrons each 3 Ratel 90 or Eland 90 57 F South African Defense Force 61st Headquarters 2 Mech Inf Companies each Armoured Car Squadron Tank Squadron Support Company Artillery Battery Note Mechanised Battalion Group 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Casspir 3 Rifle, 3 Ratel 20 3 Ratel 90 3 Olifant 1 LR/Milan, 1 LR/106, 1 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR, 1 Ratel/90, 2 Ystervark/20AA 2 155Hc, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Casspir Note in 57 G applies.

57 G South African Defense Force Mechanised Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SA7, 3 Ratel 20 3 Mech Inf Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Ratel 20 Support Company 1 Ratel/ZT3, 2 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Ratel/20, 1 Ratel/90, 3 Ystervark/20AA Anti Tank Company 3 Ratel/ZT3, 3 Ratel/90 Note Prior to 1987 use 2 81M, 2 Truck in place of Ratel/81 and 3 Jeep/Entac in place of Ratel/ZT3. 57 H South African Defense Force Motorised Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Casspir or Buffel, 2 Truck 3 Mot Inf Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Casspir or Buffel Support Company 1 LR/Milan, 1 LR/106, 1 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR, 1 Ratel/90

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Note Note in 57 G applies.

57 I South African Defense Force Light Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck 4 Inf Companies each 3 Rifle Support Company 1 LR/Milan, 1 LR/106, 1 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR, 1 Ratel/90 Note Note in 57 G applies. 57 J South African Defense Force Parachute Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck 4 Inf Companies each 3 Rifle Support Company 1 LR/Milan, 1 LR/106, 1 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR, 1 Ratel/90 AT Company 3 Jeep/Entac Mortar Battery 2 120M, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR Note Note in 57 G applies. 57 K South African Defense Force 32nd Light Infantry Battalion (“Externals” or “3 Duece Recono”) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Casspir or Buffel, 2 Truck AT Platoon 1 Ratel/ZT3, 1 Ratel/90 5 Mot Inf Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Casspir or Buffel Support Company 1 LR/Milan, 1 LR/106, 1 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR, 1 Ratel/90, 2 Ystervark/20AA Note Note in 57 G applies. This is a somewhat famous unit in 1980s military circles as it was doing asystemical warfare long before it was in vogue. 57 L South African Defense Force 51st Headquarters 2 Mot Inf Companies each Armoured Car Squadron Support Company Note to 55th Modular Infantry Battalion Group 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Casspir 3 Rifle, 3 Casspir, 1 Eland 60 3 Ratel 90, 1 Eland 90 1 LR/Milan, 1 LR/106, 1 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR, 1 Ratel/90, 2 Ystervark/20AA, 2 Horse, 2 M/C, 4 Recon Note in 57 G applies.

57 M South African 101st Battalion SWATF (South West African Territorial Force) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck 4 Reaction Force Coys each 3 Rifle, 3 Casspir or Buffel Support Company 1 LR/Milan, 1 LR/106, 1 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR, 1 Ratel/90 Note Note in 57 G applies. 57 N South African SWATF (South West African Territorial Force) Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck 4 Inf Companies each 3 Rifle Support Company 1 LR/Milan, 1 LR/106, 1 Ratel/81, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR, 1 Ratel/90

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Note Note in 57 G applies.

57 O South African Defense Force Special Forces Regiment Headquarters 57 P South African Defense Force Light Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Ratel/FO, 1 Truck 3 Batteries each 2 Tubes, 2 Truck, 2 Ratel/FO, 1 CP, 1 OP Note Tubes can be: 105Ha 120M 57 Q South African Defense Force (Light, Medium or Mechanized depending on tubes issued) Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Ratel/FO, 1 Truck 4 Batteries each 2 Tubes, 2 Truck, 2 Ratel/FO, 1 CP, 1 OP Note Tubes can be: 155Hc (Medium) 5.5” (Medium) Sexton (Mechanized) G6 (Mechanized) 127 Rct 120M (Light) G6 replaced Sexton and T6 replaced 5.5” in the mid 1980s. There are also composite regiments formed for specific missions. Composite unit use a mixture of equipment. 57 R South African Defense Force Anti Aircraft Regiment Headquarters 57 S South African Defense Force Field Engineer Regiment Headquarters 57 T South African Defense Force Parachute Engineer Regiment Headquarters 57 U South African Defense Force Helicopter Company 3 Puma 57 V South African Defense Force Combat Helicopter Company 3 Alouette III/20 Large Units: Infantry Brigade – 20th is the active force unit; this brigade is an operational unit dealing with counter terrorist operations. Units are assigned as mission dictates. Mechanized Brigade – two in existence; 43rd is the HQ for all active units not assigned to the infantry or parachute brigade. 46th is the HQ for all reserve units. Both can be assigned units as a mission dictates.

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Parachute Brigade – one in existence; it is the HQ for all Parachute and Special Forces units.

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58 Cuba Isolated by the USA and the end of communism, this state may have little functioning equipment or fuel to move it. This army has no experience operating beyond battalion level. It is doubtful that this army would even die gallantly if pressed. 58 A Cuban Infantry Regimental Headquarters 1965+ (May command 3 infantry battalions plus attachments) Headquarters 1 Jeep, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 MRT Regimental AA Company 2 14.7AA, 2 Truck Regimental Recce Company 2 Recon, 2 M/C Regimental AT Company 2 76ATG, 2 Truck 58 B Cuban Tank or Mechanized Regimental Headquarters 1965+ (May command 3 battalions plus attachments) Headquarters 1 APC, 1 CP, 1 Tank (In tank units only), 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 ARV Regimental AA Company 1 ZSU57, 1 SA7, 1 APC Regimental Recce Company 2 PT76 Regimental AT Company 2 BRDM/AT Regimental Artillery Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 2 Trucks, 2 MTLB, 2 122Ha Regimental Engineer Coy 2 APC, 2 Combat Engr, 1 Bridge, 1 Truck Note Tank Regiments command three tank battalions. Mechanized Regiments command two mechanized and one tank battalion. 58 C Cuban Tank Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 2 Tank Companies each 1 Assault Gun Company Note

1 APC, 1 BRDM1, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Tank 3 SU100 Tank regiment tank battalions have three companies of tanks. Tanks available are: M24 from 1959 T34/85 from 1965 T55 from 1970 T62 from 1980 T72 from 1990

58 D Cuban Infantry Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 3 Infantry Companies each 1 Mortar Platoon 1 Anti-Tank Platoon

1 APC, 1 CP, 1 BRDM1, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 4 Trucks, 1 14.7AA 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 2 Truck, 1 Jeep, 2 82M, 1 CP 1 Truck, 1 57ATG

58 E Cuban Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 1 APC, 1 CP, 1 BRDM1, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 4 Trucks, 1 14.7AA

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3 Infantry Companies each 1 Mortar Platoon 1 Anti-Tank Platoon Note 3 APC, 3 Rifle 3 APC, 2 82M, 1 CP 2 APC, 2 57ATG APCs available are: BTR40 from 1965 BTR152 from 1965 BTR60 from 1970 BMP1 from 1980

58 F Cuban Engineer Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 1 Combat Engr Company 1 Assault Engr Company 1 Bridging Company 1 Tech Engr Company 1 Construction Company

2 3 1 1 2 4

Truck or ARCV, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck Com Engr, 1 GMZ, 3 APC, 1 IMR BRDM1 or 2, 2 GSP, 2 PT54, 2 Truck with 10 Rafts Truck with 5 Rafts, 1 Const Engr, 1 BTR152, 4 PMP Bulldozer, 1 BAT-M Dump Truck, 2 BAT-M, 2 Bulldozer

58 G Cuban Armoured Recon Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 1 CP, 1 APC, 1 Truck 1 Armd Recon Company 2 PT76 (APC in Infantry Division) 1 Mech Recon Company 2 BRDM1, 1 BRDM1/AT, 1 M/C, 1 Inf 1 MLRS Company 1 BM21 1 Cannon Company 1 122Ha, 2Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Gaz 58 H Cuban Recon Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 2 Recon Company 1 MLRS Company 1 Cannon Company

1 CP, 1 APC, 1 Truck 2 BRDM1, 2 M/C, 2 Inf 1 BM21 1 122Ha, 2Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Gaz

58 I Cuban Artillery Regiment Headquarters 1965+ Headquarters 2 Trucks, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs Note Divisional Regiments consist of one light battalion (76 or 85mm tubes), one heavy battalion(152mm or SO152), one rocket battalion (BM21) and two air defense (1 ZSU23) companies. Artillery Division Regiments consist of one light battalion (85mm), one medium battalion (130MM) one heavy battalion(152mm), one rocket battalion (BM21) and two air defense (1 ZSU23) companies. 58 J Cuban Artillery Division Headquarters 1965+ Headquarters 2 Trucks, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs Note Commands two artillery regiments, one FROG (FROG4 or 7) regiment and one air defense battery (ZSU23). There is one artillery division in the Cuban army. 58 K Cuban Artillery Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 3 Artillery Batteries each

2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 4 Truck, 2 Tubes or 2 BM 21 or SO152, 2 Truck, 1 CP, 1

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Note Gaz Tubes available are: 76Ha 85Ha 122Ha 122Hb 130H 152Ha BM21 SO152

58 L Cuban Anti Aircraft Regiment 1965+ Headquarters 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 1 Sigs 4 Batteries each 2 Truck, 2 Tubes Note Tubes available are: 37AA 57AA 100AA 58 M Cuban Helicopter Battalion 1990+ Headquarters 12 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Companies 2 MI8 Large Units: Armoured Division – 3 Tank Regiments, 1 Mechanized Infantry Regiment, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Armoured Recon Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Mechanized Infantry Division – 1 Tank Regiment, 3 Mechanized Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Armoured Recon Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Infantry Division – 3 Infantry Regiments, 1 Artillery Regiment, 1 Tank Regiment (not in all infantry divisions), 1 Anti-Aircraft Regiment, 1 Recon Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion Air Mobile Brigade – 3 Commando Battalions, 1 Helicopter Regiment

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59 South Vietnam An American clone and experiment that was extinguished in 1975, this army fought either very well or very bad. It is much maligned for the corruption of its senior officers and is not remembered fondly by anyone in Southeast Asia in the period of the war. Interesting, the individual career soldiers I have spoke with (and served with in the Canadian Army of the 1980s) believed in what they were doing and seemed capable and efficient. Had there been less corruption and more attention focused on its successes it may have carried the day, it certainly was not responsible for the collapse of the republic. 59 A South Vietnam Brigade Headquarters 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 1 MP Company 3 MP, 3 XM706 Note M577 was used in Armoured, Armoured Cavalry and Mechanized units. Light infantry brigades replace armoured vehicles with jeeps and trucks. 59 B South Vietnam Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1972 to 1975 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 M113/106, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Infantry Companies each 3 M113, 3 Rifle, 1 M113/106, 1 M125 1 Scout Platoon 3 M113 ACAV 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 M106 59 C South Vietnam Light Infantry Battalion 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 MG, 1 90RR, 1 60M 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 107M, 4 Truck, 2 106RR 59 D South Vietnam Ranger Infantry Battalion 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 MG 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 81M, 3 Truck, 1 90RR 59 E South Vietnam Marine Infantry Battalion 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 MG, 1 90RR, 1 60M 1 Mortar Battery 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 1 CP, 1 81M, 4 Truck, 2 106RR 59 F South Vietnam Mobile Strike Force Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 2 Jeep, 1 Truck, 4 to 8 Companies each 1 CP, 4 Rifle, 1 81M, 1 75RR, 1 MG 59 G South Vietnam Tank Regiment 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M48, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Squadrons each 3 M48 Infantry Company 3 M113, 3 Rifle, 1 M113/106, 1 M125 Note 3 units formed in 1970 to replace withdrawn US armour units. 2 Composite units (2 Squadrons M41 and 2

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Squadrons M113 ACAV) were created in 1974. 59 H South Vietnam Field Artillery Battalion 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 OP, 4 Jeep, 1 Truck, 1 MRT 3 Batteries each 4 Trucks, 2 105Ha or 105Hb or 2 155Ha, 1 CP, 1 Jeep Note Divisions have 3 105mm + 1 155mm until 1985. They can have: 105Ha to 1975 105Hb from 1973 155Ha to 1975 59 I South Vietnam Divisional Anti Aircraft Battalion 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 1 M577, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Jeep, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Auto Weapons Btys each 3 M163 or M42 59 J South Vietnam Helicopter Squadron Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Jeep, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 MRT 4 Flights 2 UH1 or CH47 59 K South Vietnam Armoured Cavalry Regiment 1964 to 1975 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M577, 1 M113, 1 Truck, 1 ARV, 2 V100 2 Assault Squadrons each 1 M113, 1 M113/106, 1 M125, 1 Rifle 1 Tank Squadron 3 M41 Note M48 tanks are available after 1973. Originally formed as a Corps unit (4) there were 18 such units (one per Division and 1 per Corps) raised by 1975. Large Units: Airborne Brigade - 5 Airborne Infantry Battalions Ranger Group – 3 to 6 Ranger Infantry Battalions Corps Armoured Brigade (1973) – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Regiment, 1 Tank Regiment. Marine Division (1969) – 1 Divsional Headquarters, 3 Task Force (Brigade) Headquarters (lettered A, B and C later 147th, 265th and 369th), 9 Marine Infantry Battalions, 3 105mm Artillery Battalions. A fourth (468th) brigade of 3 battalions was raised in 1974. Airborne Division (1970) – 1 Divsional Headquarters, 4 Brigade Headquarters, 9 Airborne Infantry Battalions, 3 105mm Artillery Battalions, 1 155mm Artillery Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion (3 brigades prior to 1975). Infantry Division – 1 Divsional Headquarters, 3 Brigade Headquarters, 8 Light Infantry Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Armoured Cavalry Regiment, 1 Anti Aircraft Battalion, 3 105mm Artillery Battalions, 1 155mm Artillery Battalion, 1 Engineer Battalion.

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60 Kuwait A small insufficient army on the world stage it came into prominence during the Operation Desert Shield/Storm. It is largely re-equipped now with a mixture of former Yugoslav and US equipment. It has a gained a certain amount of battle experience and has an excellent air defense umbrella. Its soldiers are dedicated but are typical of most Arab armies their morale suffers easily with defeat. With the end of Saddam’s Iraq one can expect this army to decline again. 60 A Kuwaiti Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 60 B Kuwaiti Tank Battalion Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 LR, 2 Truck, 1 APC

1 Tank, 1 CP, 1 APC, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Tank Tanks are: Chieftain before 1991 M84 from 1991 M1A2 from 1997 APCs are: M113 before 1991 Saracen before 1991 BMP2 from 1991 BMP3 from 1993 Warrior from 1995

60 C Kuwaiti Mechanized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Companies each 3 APC, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Platoon 1 M106, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Jeep 1 Anti Tank Company 3 M901 or Jeep/TOW Note APCs are: M113 before 1991 Saracen before 1991 BMP2 from 1991 BMP3 from 1993 Warrior from 1995 60 D Kuwaiti Reconnaissance Regiment 1970 –1991 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, Spartan, 1 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Recce Squadrons each 4 Saladin, 1 Ferret 2, 1 Saracen, 1 Rifle 60 E Kuwaiti Field Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 APC, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Batteries 2 M109A4 60 F Kuwaiti MRLS Battery 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 APC, 2 MRLS 60 G Kuwaiti Attack Helicopter Company

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2 AH64 60 H Kuwaiti Air Defense Battery 3 Stinger, 3 HMMV or 1 Patriot, 1 AD Rad, 1 Truck Large Units: Armoured Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Tank Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Air Defense Battery (stinger), 1 MRLS Battery, 1 Attack Helicopter Company. Mechanized Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank Battalion, 3 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Air Defense Battery (stinger), 1 MRLS Battery, 1 Attack Helicopter Company.

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61 African OpFor This Orbat is designed to simulate the Soviet and Cuban client states of Africa. This is modeled on the Angolan Army. If you are using the Somalis add a sprinkling of US WW2 equipment. This section can be used for West “friendly” African forces such as UNITA. 61 A African OpFor Brigade Headquarters 1965+ (May command 3 battalions plus attachments) Headquarters 1 Jeep, 1 CP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs, 1 MRT Regimental AA Company 2 14.7AA, 2 Truck Regimental Recce Company 2 Recon, 2 M/C Regimental AT Company 2 76ATG, 2 Truck 61 B African OpFor Tank Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 1 APC, 1 BRDM1, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 Tank, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 2 Companies each 3 Tank Note Tanks available are: T34/85 from 1965 T55 from 1970 T62 from 1980 T72 from 1990 61 C African OpFor Infantry Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 1 APC, 1 CP, 1 BRDM1, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 4 Trucks, 1 14.7AA 3 Infantry Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 Mortar Platoon 2 Truck, 1 Jeep, 2 82M, 1 CP 1 Anti-Tank Platoon 1 Truck, 1 57ATG 61 D African OpFor Mechanized Infantry Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 1 APC, 1 CP, 1 BRDM1, 1 Sigs, 1 OP, 4 Trucks, 1 14.7AA 3 Infantry Companies each 3 APC, 3 Rifle 1 Mortar Platoon 3 APC, 2 82M, 1 CP 1 Anti-Tank Platoon 2 APC, 2 57ATG Note APCs available are: BTR152 from 1965 BTR60 from 1970 BMP1 from 1980 61 E African OpFor Artillery Battalion 1965+ Headquarters 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Batteries each 4 Truck, 2 Tubes, 1 CP, 1 Gaz Note Tubes available are: 76Ha 85Ha 122Ha 122Hb 130H 152Ha

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61 F African OpFor Anti Aircraft Regiment 1965+ Headquarters 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Batteries each 2 Truck, 2 Tubes Note Tubes available are: 37AA 57AA 100AA 61 G African OpFor Helicopter Battalion 1990+ Headquarters 2 Jeep, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck, 1 Sigs 3 Companies 2 MI8

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62 Saudi Arabia This nation has two armed forces, the National Armed Forces and the Saudi National Guard. The Army is a poor cousin next to the National Guard. The army is controlled by the government and the National Guard by the emirs and princes. The National Guard receives huge sums of private money to buy the best equipment while the army is constrained by the national budget. Saudi army uses both French and American equipment but never the two in the same brigade. The Saudi National Guard uses all wheeled equipment that is not in regular use by other countries. The National Guard is officered by the princes and is tribal based. The Saudi Army is officered by the middle class and is urban (non-tribal) based with a large number of non-Saudi muslims in it’s enlisted ranks (Bengali and Pakistani feature). The thing to take away from this is that there is 2 competing armies in the Saudi Regime. 62 A Saudi Tank Battalion Headquarters 3 Tank Companies each Note

1 CP, 1 Tank, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck 3 Tank Tank is AMX 30, M60A3 and M1A2 (after 1992) National Guard Battalions are the same but they were first to receive the M1A2

62 B Saudi Mechanized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1CP, 1 Sigs, 1 APC, 2 Truck 3 Mech Inf Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 IFV 1 Anti Tank Company 4 M150 1 Mortar Platoon 1 M125, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M113 Note IFV is AMX10 and/or M2 (after 1992) APC is VAB and/or M113 62 C Saudi National Guard Mechanized Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 V150, 2 Truck 3 Mech Inf Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 V150 1 Anti Tank Company 4 V150/AT, 2 V150/90 1 Mortar Platoon 1 V150/120, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 V150 Note V150 is being replaced by LAV III family with similar weapons systems (LAVIII/81, LAVIII IFV, LAVIII/105 and LAV/AT). This re-armament will make them more modern and more mobile than the regular army. 62 D Saudi Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each Note

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 2 Truck 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M113, SP 155mm SP is either GCT, F3 or M109A6. National Guard has towed 155Hc but is receiving 120M SP on LAV III Chassis.

62 E Saudi Air Defense Battalion Headquarters 3 Batteries each

1 CP, 1 Sigs, 11Jeep, 2 Truck 2 M163, 4 Jeep/Stinger

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Note 62 F Saudi Engineer Company Headquarters 62 G Saudi Armoured Recce Company 4 AML90 or M113 ACAV 62 H Saudi Aviation Company 62 I Saudi Air Defense Company (National Guard) 3 V150/AD (to be replaced by LAVIII/AD) 62 J Saudi Armoured Recce Company (National Guard) 2 V150/20, 2 V150/AT, 2 V150, 2 Rifle Large Units: Armour Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Tank Battalions, 1 Mechanized Infantry Battalion, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Battalion, 1 Armoured Recce Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Aviation Company. Infantry Brigade Mechanized Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Tank Battalion, 3 Mechanized Infantry Battalions, 1 Self Propelled Artillery Battalion, 1 Armoured Recce Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Aviation Company. Airborne Brigade – Royal Guard Brigade All Arms Brigade (National Guard) – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Mechanized Infantry Battalion (National Guard), 1 Artillery Battalion, 1 Armoured Recce Company, 1 Engineer Company, 1 Aviation Company, 1 Air Defense Company. Batteries are attached to brigades.

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63 Multi-National Military Units Recently several nations have come together to create standing military forces for special operations, such as UN Peace-keeping and regional conflict monitoring. 63 A Euroforce Corps Made up of member states of the European Union, Spanish 1st Mechanized Division is also slated as part of this formation. 63 A1 EuroCorps Franco-German Brigade 1990 to 1999 Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 VAB, 1 M577, 1 Truck Recon Squadron 2 VBL/MG, 2 VBL/Milan Engineering Squadron 1 AEV, 2 Com Engr, 2 M113 292 Motor Grenadier Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Fuchs, 1 Truck 4 Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 Fuchs Support Company 2 120M, 2 Wiesel/TOW, 1 Wiesel/20, 2 Milan, 2 Stinger, 1 CP, 1 OP, 6 Fuchs 110 Mech Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 VAB, 1 Truck 3 Companies each 3 Rifle, 3 VAB Support Company 2 120M, 2 VAB/AA, 1 VAB/AT, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 VAB 3 (hussars) Light Armoured Regiment Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 AMX10RC, 2 VAB, 1 Truck 3 Squadrons each 3 AMX10RC, 1 VAB/AA, 1 VBL/MG, 1 VAB, 1 Rifle 295 Artillery Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 1 M113, 1 M577, 1 Truck 3 Batteries 2 155Hc, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 M113 63 B Luxembourg Army 63 B1 Luxembourg Infantry Battalion Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 Truck 3 Infantry Companies 3 Rifle, 3 Truck 1 Support Company 3 Recce Truck/HMG, 1 Truck/AT, 1 81M, 1 CP, 1 OP, 4 Truck Note Truck is; Land Rover to 1994 then Humvee, AT is 106RR til 1973 then TOW and later ITOW. 1 Infantry company is a training unit, 1 infantry company is part of the Belgian contingent of EuroCorps, the other companies with the HQ are stationed in Luxembourg and are trained as a counter terrorist force. This unit rarely trains together as a unit. Individual training is quite good but troops are untested. Luxembourg troops have a tradition of surrendering without firing a shot. 63 B2 Luxembourg Artillery Battery 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 105Hb, 4 Trucks

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This unit is part of Belgian Artillery School and stationed there. 63 Rebels, Terrorists and “Freedom Fighters” This section is intended as a guide to the organization of various military and para-military organizations around the world. Most of these organizations have some sort of political sponsorship but exist outside the framework of a legally constituted and recognized state. Note

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64 Republic of Eire Army A small military with no combat experience above platoon level, there is a growing peace keeping tradition at the company/platoon level. It is kept in existence as a symbolic force and a means to keep the nation’s youth out of the troubles to the North in British Ireland. There is no air force nor navy rather the army has a small air corps service and an even smaller maritime service as separate components. The active forces are called Permanent Active Force and the territorial or reserve force is called “Forsa Cosanta Aituil” (second line reserve, jokingly called locally the Free Clothes Association or Fools Carrying Arms). It has it’s own traditions which are somewhat based on the British system but tries to cover this up by using numbered units rather than named units. Not believed to be particularly combat effective but this armed neutral has no natural enemies to worry about. 64 A Irish Brigade Headquarters Headquarters

1 CP, 2 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck

64 B Irish Infantry Battalion (Permanent Defence Force) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck 2 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 84RR 1 Mechanized Company 3 Rifle, 1 84RR, M3 Panhard APC 1 Support Company 2 LR/Milan, 1 Com Engr, 2 MG, 3 Truck, 1 AML-HE 64 C Irish Infantry Battalion (Forsa Cosanta Aituil) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck 2 Companies each 3 Rifle, 1 84RR 1 Motorized Company 3 Rifle, 1 84RR, 4 Truck 1 Support Company 2 LR/90, 1 Com Engr, 2 MG, 3 Truck, 1 LR/MG 64 D Irish Field Artillery Regiment (Permanent Defence Force) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck 3 Batteries each 2 105Hb, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR 1 Mortar Battery 2 120M, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR 64 E Irish Field Artillery Regiment (Forsa Cosanta Aituil) Headquarters 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 2 LR, 1 Truck 3 Batteries each 2 25 lber, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR 1 Mortar Battery 2 120M, 4 Truck, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 LR 64 F Irish Cavalry Squadron (Permanent Defence Force) Headquarters 1 AML90 2 Troops each 1 AML90, 1 AML60, 1 Rifle, 1 Timoney APC 64 G Irish Armoured Car Squadron (Permanent Defence Force) Headquarters 1 AML90 3 Troops each 1 AML90 1 AML60 64 H Irish Tank Squadron (Permanent Defence Force) Headquarters 1 Scorpion LT, 1 Rifle, 1 Timoney APC 3 Troops each 1 Scorpion LT

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Note There is only one tank squadron and it is assigned to a PDF brigade.

64 I Irish Air Defense Battery #1 (Permanent Defence Force) 3 RBS70, 3 Truck Note Only one battery armed this way and it is Permanent Defense Force. 64 J Irish Air Defense Battery #2, 3, and 4 (Forsa Cosanta Aituil) 3 40AA, 3 Truck Large Units: Permanent Defence Force Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters (PDF), 1 Cavalry Squadron, 1 Field Artillery Regiment, 2 to 3 Infantry Battalions (PDF), 1 Air Defense Battery (PDF). Most brigades are a mix of FCA and PDF forces unless specified. Forsa Cosanta Aituil Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters (FCA), 1 Cavalry Squadron (FCA), 1 Field Artillery Regiment (FCA), 4 to 6 Infantry Battalions (FCA), 1 Air Defense Battery (FCA). Most brigades are a mix of FCA and PDF forces.

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65 Austria Post WW2 This army has been around since the end of the Allied occupation of Austria. For the most part it is a completely modern army breaking almost all traditions with the former Imperial, Republic and Nazi Austrian militaries. Austria maintains a mountain warfare tradition and like most armed neutrals does not buy its equipment from any one-power block. Much equipment is home produced and is of utilitarian but not necessarily spectacular value. Recent years there has been a move to standardize with NATO munitions and German equipment. As of 2003, Austria still maintains a conscript military force and has no plans to move to an all-volunteer force. Austrian forces are currently concentrating their peacekeeping experience into deployable units. 65 A Austrian Panzer Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 1 Tank, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 Rifle, 1 APC Armoured Recce Company 3 Pandur, 3 Recon Air Defense Battery 3 Mistral, 3 APC Amoured Engineer Company 1 AVLB, 3 APC, 3 Com Engr 65 B Austrian Panzer Grenadier Brigade Headquarters Headquarters 1 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 Rifle, 1 APC Armoured Recce Company 3 Pandur, 3 Recon Air Defense Battery 3 Mistral, 3 APC Amoured Engineer Company 1 AVLB, 3 APC, 3 Com Engr 65 C Austrian Light Infantry Brigade Headquarters Recce Company Air Defense Battery Engineer Company Note

2 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV, 1 Rifle 3 Recon, 3 Pandur 3 Mistral, 3 APC 3 APC, 3 Com Engr There are 2 light infantry brigades, 1 mountain trained and equipped with Pandur, 1 airmobile trained and may or may not be re-equipped with Pandur. Helicopter units may or may not be under command of the airmobile brigade. Austria currently has enough helicopters to lift a single battalion augmented battlegroup at one time.

65 D Austrian Panzer Battalion Headquarters 4 Panzer Companies each Note

1 Tank, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Tank Tank can be either M60A3 or Leo 2. fourth company is a mobization unit, only the unmanned equipment exists in peace time. Currently the equipment is the same type per battalion but with the introduction of Leopard 2, the fourth company may continue to be M60A3.

65 E Austrian Recce Battalion

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Headquarters 2 Motorized Recce Companies each 1 Armoured Recce Company 1 AT Company 65 F Austrian Armoured Recce Battalion Headquarters 1 Motorized Recce Company 2 Armoured Recce Companies each 1 AT Company 65 G Austrian Panzer Grenadier Battalion Headquarters 4 Pz Gren Companies AT Company Note 1 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Recon, 3 Truck 3 Pandur, 3 Recon 4 Kurassier

1 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 Recon, 3 Truck 3 Pandur, 3 Recon 4 Kurassier

1 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 4 AIFV, 3 Rifle, 1 81M, 1 AIFV/20 4 Kurassier APC can be any type of Saurer. The fourth company is mobization unit. Only the unmanned equipment exists in peacetime. Jauguar with ITOW may be replacing the Kurassier in first line units. Austria has 90 such vehicles but no info on deployment.

65 H Austrian Light Infantry Battalion Headquarters 4 Companies AT Company Note

1 Pandur, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Pandur, 3 Rifle, 1 81M, 1 Pandur/20 4 Kurassier There is a light infantry regiment of 5 battalions in the Vienna military district. This unit use trucks and contain reservists with older equipment.

65 I Austrian Border Battalion Headquarters 4 Companies Note

1 Truck, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Truck, 3 Rifle This unit is part of army but patrols the border. These units were formed during the cold war to patrol Austrian borders with the WP but down their mission is to keep refugees out. They maybe re-equiping with Pandur.

65 J Austrian Guard Battalion Headquarters 4 Companies AT Company Note

1 Pandur, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 4 Pandur, 3 Rifle, 1 81M, 1 Pandur/20 4 Kurassier There is only one battalion and it is a ceremonial guard in Vienna. This unit trains regularly but only at company strength due to ceremonial duties. Rumoured to have counter terrorist training.

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65 K Austrian Artillery Battalion Headquarters 3 Artillery Batteries each Note 1 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 2 M109G, 1 CP, 1 OP, 2 APC Brigade assigned battalions have 3 batteries. Corps has a regiment of 2 battalions, each with 2 batteries. Corps artillery regiments are mobilization forces so they will contain older equipment. There are some 100 105mm Howitzers and 200 120mm mortars held in reserve. M109 is actually an Austrian modified example but is very similar to the German M109G.

65 L Austrian Air Defense Regiment Headquarters 8 Batteries each Note

1 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 4 AAG, 4 Truck AAG can be 40AA, M42, 35AA, 20AA. 35mm is part of the Air Field Defense Regiment that is under Austrian Air Force command. Army units would be broken into battery strength and supplied to mobilization brigades under the current mobilization plan. There is no strategic air defense plan in the army only a tactical plan.

65 M Austrian Engineer Battalion Headquarters 2 Engineer Companies each 1 Amoured Engineer Company Large Units:

1 APC, 1 CP, 1 Sigs, 3 Truck, 1 ARV 3 APC, 3 Com Engr 1 AVLB, 3 APC, 3 Com Engr

Light Infantry Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 3 Light Infantry Battalions, 1 Panzer Battalion (Mobilization unit with M60A3?), 1 Artillery Battalion (105H in mountain unit and 120M in airmobile unit). Panzer Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 1 Panzer Grenadier Battalion, 2 Panzer Battalions, 1 Artillery Battalion (Self Propelled). 4th Panzer Brigade has 1 Panzer Battalion and 1 Recce Battalion in place of 2 Panzer Battalions. Panzer Grenadier Brigade – 1 Brigade Headquarters, 2 Panzer Grenadier Battalions, 1 Panzer Battalion, 1 Artillery Battalion (Self Propelled).

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A Note on Headquarters Units When forming large units such as Divisions you will require a Headquarters Group. These groupings should consist of 1CP, 1 Sigs, 1 SMG/Rifle/Security, 1 Medium Mortar, 1 anti-tank gun, 1 Anti-aircraft gun plus transport according to the unit type (armoured, motorized or foot) Divisional units not represented include Military Police, Signals, Supply, Medical and Transport battalions. These should be made up of three platoons of three companies each plus a headquarters. A Note For Miniature Players These ORBATs were originally designed for Platoon Level Board Games so the following notes will assist you in converting to miniatures. All vehicles/guns should be used one model for one counter. For my BattleGame rules, each OP should consist of one officer, one radioman and one rifleman. Each CP should consist of one officer, one radioman. Each infantry platoon should consist of 1 LMG Team and 3 Rifle Teams. Each company has a Headquarters of 1 Officer, 1 NCO, 1 Anti-Tank Team, this is Headquarters and is divided amongst the company vehicles when mounted. From 1944 German infantry platoons consist of 1 LMG Team and 2 Rifle Teams. Machinegun Platoons consist of 3 HMG teams. Signals platoons (EW, DF, Sigs, Loc Arty) consist of 2 figures armed with rifles and the appropriate equipment. Most artillery batteries consist of two gun detachments, 1 battery CP and 1 battery OP plus vehicles. All mortar units should be replaced two for one or two miniature weapons and crews should replace each mortar counter. Engineer platoons for all nations consist of 1 LMG Team, 1 Demolition Team and 1 Flamethrower Team (unless the flamethrower team is specified separately). For other platoon scale war-gaming rules, each OP should consist of stand as appropriate. Each CP should consist of one stand as appropriate. Each infantry platoon should consist 1 LMG stand and 1 Rifle Stand as appropriate to the rules you are using. Each company has a command stand and a weapons stand as specified in the rules you are using. Machinegun Platoons consist of one to three HMG Stands. Most artillery batteries consist of one to two gun detachments, 1 battery command post stand and 1 battery OP stand plus vehicles. All mortar units should be replaced two for one or two miniature weapons and crews should replace each mortar counter. Engineer platoons for all nations consist of 1 Engineer Stand. Panzer Blitz Attack and Defend strengths remain unchanged; move and range indicators must be increased to preserve the look of the game as follows: a. b. 1/300 model – the same in inches. 10mm models doubled in inches,

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c. 15-20mm models tripled.

- 261 – GLOSSARY / LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
2S A A9 A10 A11 A12 A13 A AA AAG AAV7 AB Ab Abbot AC A/C ACAV ADATS AEC AEV AH AML AMX AP APC ARM Armd Army Amph ARV Arty AS AS90 AT A/T ATG ATGM ATGW AT-L A/Tk AVLB AVGP AVRE Soviet SPG Series also see SAU and SO; they mean the same

British Infantry Tank British Cruiser Tank British Infantry Tank British Infantry Tank British Cruiser Tank Armour Class Weapon Anti Aircraft Class Weapon Anti Aircraft Gun See LVTP-7 Auto Blinda – Italian Armoured Car Airborne UK SP 105 Howitzer Armoured Car Aircraft or Armoured Car Armoured Cavalry Armoured Vehicle? M113 with extra MG and a MG Turret Air Defense Anti Tank System Canadian SPAA Missile on M113 British Command Post Vehicle Armoured Engineer Vehicle Attack Helicopter French Armoured Car Series French Tank/APC/IFV/SPG series Armour Piecing Armoured Personnel Carrier Armoured Infantry Platoon Armoured A unit of Corps Amphibious Armoured Recovery Vehicle Artillery Attack Strength Self Propelled 155mm Howitzer Anti Tank Anti Tank Anti Tank Gun Anti Tank Guided Missile Anti Tank Guided Wire Soviet Prime Mover Series Anti Tank Armoured Vehicle Launcher Bridge Armoured Vehicle General Purpose – Canadian Cougar Tank Trainer and Grizzly APC Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers

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B Bde Bgd Bison Blowpipe BM BMP Bn BO BO BTR BRDM Bren Bge BT bty C C C* C** C*** CAR CAT CAV CB CC CDO CEN CEV CH CHEM Challenger Chieftain Cobra COM Combat Const Conqueror Corps Coy Coyote CP CRT D D DCR dd Brigade Brigade Canadian Amoured Command Post based on the LAV UK Shoulder launched AA missile Soviet Rocket Launcher Series Soviet IFV Battalion British Helicopter Bail Out Soviet APC Soviet Reconnaissance Vehicle series British Universal Carrier Bridge Soviet Fast Tank Series Battery

Carrier Unit Carrier Unit with movement restrictions Carrier Unit with movement restrictions Carrier Unit with movement restrictions Staff Car generic term Close Assault Tactics Cavalry Counter Battery Combat Command Commando Centurion Tank Combat Engineer Vehicle Cargo Helicopter Chemical UK Tank UK Tank German ATGW Combat Type of Engineer unit Construction – type of engineer unit UK Heavy Tank A unit of divisions Company – a unit of platoons Canadian LAV-25 with GSR and Electronic recce tools Command Post Combat Results Table

Dispersed French Armoured Division Double Dispersed or DD

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DD DF DF Df Div DLM DRM Drag P Dragon DS E ea Eng Engr ENTAC Elv EV Eryx EW F F/B Ferret Flail Flak FOF F/Tk FT FT Fuchs FUS FV G G Gaz Gazelle GDR Genie GL GRDS Gren GSR Guards GW H H Duplex Drive – Amphibious Tank or Double Dispersed Defense Factor Direct Fire Direct Fire Division – a unit of brigades or regiments French Light Mechanized Division Die Roll Modifier Dragoon Portees – French Mechanized Dragoon Regiment US Shoulder Launched Anti-Tank Missile Defense Strength

Each Engineer Engineer French ATGW Elevation Engineer Vehicle French ATGW Electronic Warfare

Fighter Bomber UK Scout Car Mine Clearing Tank German Anti Aircraft Field of Fire Flamethrower tank Flamethrower tank Flamethrower German APC Fusilier UK Armoured Vehicle Series

Glided Weapons Class Russian Jeep Type Vehicle UK Helicopter Glider French for Engineer Guards Grenadier Ground Surveillance Radar Elite Soviet Infantry German Assault Gun

Howitzer

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H H (H) Ha Harpoon Hb HE HELO HMG HOT How Headquarters H/T HT Humber HV Hvy I I IDF IG IND INF ISU J Javelin Jeep Jeep/MG Jg JP K Kan KPz KV Kurrassier KWAG L L/A LARS LAV LAV 3 LBer LeClerc LMG Loc Heavy Direct Fire HE Weapons Class Indirect Fire HE Weapons Class Howitzer Type A ATGW Howitzer Type B High Explosive Helicopter Heavy Machinegun French ATGW Howitzer Headquarters Half-Track Half-Track British Scout Car Hummer or Hum Vee or HUMMV Heavy

Infantry Class Weapons Indirect Fire Infantry gun Independent Infantry Soviet Heavy Assault Gun Series

US ATGW or UK LAA Missile Light vehicle Light vehicle with a machinegun Jagd or hunting Jagd Panzer

Kanone Kampf Panzer Soviet Heavy Tank Series Austrian SPAT Kubelwagen

Light aircraft Light Artillery Rocket System Light Armoured Vehicle Canadian IFV based on LAV Pounder French Tank Light Machinegun Locating

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LOF LOS LR LSI LST LTVP Lt LVT LVT (A) LVTP-7 LW Lynx M M M1 M2 M3 M3/57 M3/75 M3/81 M3/105 M3/120 M3/AA M4 M4/75 M4/76 M4/105 M5 M7 M8 AC M8 Scott M10 M12 M18 M24 M26 M36B1 M40 M41 M42 M47 M48 M48 Chaparral M52 M53 M59 M60 M113 Line of Fire Line of Sight Land-Rover Landing Ship Infantry Landing Ship Tank Light amphibious APC Light Light amphibious vehicle Light amphibious vehicle with extra armament and armour Amphibious APC also called AAV7 Luftwaffe UK Helicopter or Canadian Recce APC

Mortar Weapon Class US Tank US IFV US Recon IFV M3 HT with 57mm ATG M3 HT with 75mm How M3 HT with 81mm Mortar M3 HT with 105mm How M3 HT with 120mm Mortar M3 HT with 20mm AAG US Tank US Tank US Tank US Tank US Light Tank Self Propelled 105mm How US Armoured Car Self Propelled 75mm How SPAT Self Propelled 155mm How SPAT US Light Tank US Tank SPAT SPAAG US Light Tank SPAAG US Tank US Tank US Self Propelled Anti-Aircraft Missile system Self Propelled 155 Howitzer Self Propelled 203mm Howitzer Fore-runner of the M113 APC US Tank US APC

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M114 M103 M106 M108 M109 M125 M150 M163 M548 M577 M728 M901 M981 MA MC M/C Mech Med MF MIF MiL MG MK IV MLG MM mm MMG Mor Mot Move MP MRL MRLS MTLB MTU N NA N/A NW O O A/C OBA OH OH58 OP OT OR US Recce APC US Heavy Tank M113 with 107 later 120mm Mortar Self Propelled 105mm Howitzer Self Propelled 155 Howitzer M113 with 81mm Mortar TOW on M113 SPAAG Tracked supply vehicle based on the M113 Armoured Command Post based on M113 A CEV Improved TOW vehicle on M113 Artillery Command Post Vehicle Movement Allowance Motorcycle Motorcycle Mechanized Medium Movement Factor Mounted Infantry Fire Soviet Helicopter Series Machinegun British Light Tank Soviet Mine Layer Milimetre Milimetre Medium Machinegun Mortar Motorized Movement Military Police Multiple Rocket Launcher Multiple Rocket Launcher System Soviet APC Soviet AVLB

Not Applicable Not Applicable Nebelwerfer

Observation Aircraft Off-board Artillery Observation Helicopter Light Observation Helicopter Observation Post Warsaw Pact APC Series Overrun

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P Para Pass Patt Pdr PJ Pl Plt PMP Pon PS PT Pz Pz G Pz Gren PzKfw PzKw Q Q QAA QM Quad R R Rak Rapier RR Recce Recon Redeye Regt RF RIF Rgt Rifle rng ROAD Roland S SA Saladin Samson Saracen SAU SC

Parachute Passenger Patton – US Tank Series Pounder Panzer Jaeger Platoon Platoon Soviet Truck Bridge Launcher Pontoon – type of engineers Panzer Spah Wagen Soviet Specialized tank Series Panzer Panzer Grenadier Panzer Grenadier Panzer Kampf Wagen Panzer Kampf Wagen

Quad Barrel Anti Aircraft Gun Quad Barrel Anti Aircraft Gun Quick March Artillery Limber

Radar Weapons Class Rocket UK anti-aircraft missile Recoiless rifle Reconnaisse Reconnaisse US Shoulder Launched Anti-Aircraft missile Regiment Range Factor Rifle Regiment Type of Infantry Range Type of US Army order of battle in effect from 1958 to 1982 APC type

Soviet Anti Aircraft Gun UK Armoured Car UK Artillery Support Vehicle UK APC Soviet SPG Series Scout Car

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Scimitar Scorpion sdfz SEC Scout SHTURM-C Sioux SMF SMG Snapper SO SP SPA SPAA SPAT Spartan SPG Spigot SPz Sqn SS SS SS11 SSR Stag Stalwart Stg Stinger Striker StuG SU T T t TAM TEC TI Tk TR-1 Trk TOW TUA Tur Type Type Type Type Type UK Scout Vehicle UK Scout Vehicle German for Prime Mover Security UK Helicopter Soviet SPAT UK Helicopter Split Move and Fire Submachinegun Soviet ATGW Soviet SPG series Self-propelled Self-propelled Artillery Self-propelled Anti-Aircraft Self-propelled Anti-Tank UK APC Self-propelled Gun Soviet ATGW German for Infantry APC Squadron German Elite Political Troops Submarine French ATGW Scenario Special Rules Staghound – British Scout Car UK Support Vehicle German Assault Gun US shoulder Launched Anti-Aircraft missile UK Self Propelled ATGW German Assault Gun Soviet Assault Gun Series

56 59 62 63 69

Soviet Tank Series Truck South American Light Tank Terrain Effects Charts Israeli Tank Series Tank UK SPAA Missile Truck An ATGM TOW under Armour – Canadian Designed Dual Launcher TOW Turret Turret Chinese APC Chinese Tank Chinese Tank Chinese Light Tank Chinese Tank

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Type Type Type Type U UFT UH V VAB VAL VBL VEH VSHORAD VW W w WAG Walid Warrior Wiesel Wombat WZ 501 X X Y YW 531 Z Zelda ZPU ZSU 79 80 83 88 Chinese Tank Chinese Tank Self Propelled 152mm like SO152 or 2S3 South Korean Tank

Unit Function Table Utility Helicopter

French APC Valentine French Light Vehicle Vehicle Very Short Range Air Defense or LLAD Volkswagen

Wagon Wagon Arab APC UK IFV German light armour similar to a Mule in size UK 120mm RR Chinese APC

Eliminated

Chinese APC

Israeli Armour upgrade package Soviet towed AAG series Soviet SPAA series