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.The process of obtaining and utilizing food is known as Nutrition. There are substances include carbohydrates. Substances are essential for the functioning of our body and are called Nutrients. proteins. vitamins and minerals. fats.
They are:1.HETROTROPIC NUTRITION 3.HOLOZOIC NUTRITION .PARASITIC NUTRITION 5. the mode of nutrition can be divided into many categories.The process of obtaining food is not the same in all organisms. On the basis of food habits.SAPROTROPHIC NUTRITION 4.AUTOTROPHIC NUTRITION 2.
They synthesis of food takes place in the leaves.All green plants are autotrophs. Hence leaves are called the food factories of the plant. . They synthesis a major part of their food with the help of chlorophyll present in them from simple inorganic substances like carbon di oxide and water in the presence of sunlight.
Synthesis=Combine).Photosynthesis is a process by which green plants prepare their own food. The process of Photosynthesis can be written in the form of the following equation :Carbon di oxide + Water Sunlight Sugar + Oxygen Chlorophyll . (Photo=Light.
their mode of nutrition is Heterotrophic :1. SAPROTROPHIC MODE OF NUTRITION 3. Therefore.Some plants cannot synthesis their own food because they do not contain chlorophyll. INSECTIVOROUS PLANTS 2. Such plants depend on other plants for their food produced by other plant. SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP .
. Some parts if such plants are modified to trap insects. Pitcher Plant is a insectivorous plant. The digestive juices present in them helps them to digest their food.The plants which feed on insects for their nitrogen requirements.
Saprotrophic mode of nutrition is the process by which the organism feed on dead and decaying matter. Yeast. Some organisms which have Saprotrophic nutrition are Rhizopus (bread mould). Agaricus (mushroom) and many bacteria. . Mucor (pin mould).
. Rhizobium is a example of symbiotic relationship. two organisms live in a close association and develop a relationship that is beneficial to both. This is called symbiotic relationship.In this relationship.
THE RETICULUM 3. THE RUMEN 2. THE ABOMASUM .Grass eating animals are called Ruminants are of four components. THE OMASUM 4. They are:1.
.In this compartment. digestion is further carried out. bacteria and protozoa (symbiotic microorganisms) break cellulose.THE RUMEN :.In this compartment. THE RETICULUM :.
In this compartment. water is absorbed from the blood. THE ABOMASUM :.THE OMASUM :. the food is mixed with a variety of digestive juices.n this compartment. After this compartment food passes into small intestine and digestion is completed. .
Ruminants also have a bag like structure between the small intestine and the large intestine. . Cellulose of the food is further digested here by the action of bacteria. This is called Caecum.