# Assignment 5 Coordinate systems and surfaces Due Friday june 4th at the beginning of class.

Coordinate systems.
1. In R2 we introduce the coordinates x = X cosh Y y = X sinh Y for |y| < x. (a) (b) (c) (d) Invert the above relations, i.e. ﬁnd X(x, y) and Y (x, y). Sketch the paths γX , and γY . Find eX and eY . Express ex and ey in terms of eX and eY .

These coordinates are useful in the description of a black hole. The points with |x| = |y| are where the horizon of the black hole lies. 2. Spherical coordinates in R3 are given by x = r sin θ cos φ y = r sin θ sin φ z = r cos θ (a) Find the coordinate vectors er , eφ , and eθ . (b) Express ex , ey , and ez in terms of er , eφ , and eθ . (c) Let v = ex + ey + ez . What are the components of v in the (r, φ, θ) coordinates at the points (1, 0, 0), (1, 1, 1), and (0, −1, 0)?

Surfaces
3. Let P be the plane that goes through the points (1, 0, 0), (0, 1, 0), and (0, 0, 1). (a) Find an implicit description of P . (b) Find a parametrization of P . 4. Sketch the helicoid S(s, t) = (s cos t, s sin t, t), (s, t) ∈ [0, 1] × [0, 2π]. Find its area.

Surface integrals
5. A temperature gradient is given by v = −∇T (x, y, z) = (−2x, −2y, −2z). Compute its ﬂux through the surface of the unit sphere.