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Basic Sedimentary and Petroleum Geology

Basic Sedimentary and Petroleum Geology

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Published by: shailoy on Sep 08, 2010
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Given a strict definition by the petroleum industry of gas being "a mixture of hydrocarbons
and varying quantities of non-hydrocarbons that exists either in the gaseous phase or in
solution with crude oil in natural underground reservoirs". The common gasses in
reservoirs can be divided based on their origins:

•Inorganic - Helium, Argon, Krypton, Radon

•Mixed inorganic and organic - CO2, H2S

•Organic - Hydrogen, Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane

The various descriptive terms for natural gas:

•Dissolved gas - That portion of natural gas that is dissolved in liquid phase in the
subsurface. It can be (and usually is) physically separated from the liquid when
the fluids are produced.

•Associated gas - Also known as the "gas cap". It is free gas (not dissolved) that
sits on top of, and in contact with, crude oil in the reservoir.

•Non-associated gas - Free gas that is trapped without a significant amount of
crude oil.

•Natural gas liquids - The liquids that can be, and are liquified, in the field and at
gas processing plants. They include the wet gases, natural gasoline, and

•Sweet Gas (and Oil) - Contains no H2S

•Sour Gas (and Oil) - Contains H2S. of Natural Gases

To be written at a future date.

3Petroleum Generation and Accumulation

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