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Basic Sedimentary and Petroleum Geology

Basic Sedimentary and Petroleum Geology

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Published by: shailoy on Sep 08, 2010
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10/31/2011

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When the bit is about to enter a formation of special interest, a service company
may be brought in to take a barrel core. The coring tool consists of an annular
(doughnut-shaped) diamond bit to cut the core and a hollow barrel to catch it.
Core samples may be of any length, but cores of over 90 feet are hard to
handle; a 60-foot core is average. Core diameters range from 11

/8 to 5 inches,
with 4 inches being the most popular size for core analysis. Despite its
advantages over, sidewall coring, barrel coring is done on fewer than 10
percent of all wells cored, since it is costly and time-consuming. Also,
removing the core is sometimes dangerous since it is possible to swab the well
and cause a blowout. Sidewall coring is more commonly used than barrel
coring.

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