Swamy ParAsara Bhattar’s

Sri GuNa Ratna Kosam
Annotated Commentary in English BY
Oppiliappan KOil
Sri Varadachari SaThakOpan
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CONTENTS



Introduction 3
Taniyan 5
Slokam 1 7
Slokam 2 14
Slokam 3 23
Slokam 4 26
Slokam 5 30
Slokam 6 34
Slokam 7 36
Slokam 8 38
Slokam 9 40
Slokam 10 43
Slokam 11 45
Slokam 12 48
Slokam 13 50
Slokam 14 52
Slokam 15 54
Slokam 16 56
Slokam 17 58
Slokam 18 60
Slokam 19 62
Slokam 20 64
Slokam 21 66
Slokam 22 70
Slokam 23 73
Slokam 24 76
Slokam 25 79
Slokam 26 82
Slokam 27 84
Slokam 28 87
Slokam 29 90
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Slokam 30 93
Slokam 31 95
Slokam 32 98
Slokam 33 100
Slokam 34 102
Slokam 35 105
Slokam 36 107
Slokam 37 109
Slokam 38 112
Slokam 39 114
Slokam 40 117
Slokam 41 120
Slokam 42 122
Slokam 43 124
Slokam 44 126
Slokam 45 128
Slokam 46 130
Slokam 47 132
Slokam 48 133
Slokam 49 136
Slokam 50 139
Slokam 51 142
Slokam 52 144
Slokam 53 146
Slokam 54 150
Slokam 55 152
Slokam 56 154
Slokam 57 156
Slokam 58 158
Slokam 59 161
Slokam 60 164
Slokam 61– Nigamanam 166
CONTENTS CONTINUED ...
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SRI GUNA RATHNA KOSAM

INTRODUCTION:
Sri MahA Lakshmi Tattvam is very important to us as Sri VaishNavAs. Sri GuNa Rathna
Kosam deals brilliantly with the unique and divine attributes of our ThAyAr MahA Lakshmi
(Sri RanganAyaki) as the Empress of Srirangam and the dearest consort of Lord
RanganAthan.
Sri ParAsara Bhattar was the pet child of the Dhivya Dampathis of Srirangam and they
raised him “literally” in their ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam. They set up a cradle for him in
front of their sannidhi and watched over him.
Dr.V.N. VedAntha Desikan of Oppiliappan Sannidhi known for his great contributions to
the growth of our SampradhAyam covered the vyaakyaanam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam
slOkams through a series of postings in Nrusimha PriyA magazine. AdiyEn will use his
translations as a base to elaborate on the great Tathvams behind MahA Lakshmi as revealed
to us by Swamy ALavandhAr (ChathusslOki), KurEsar (Sri Sthavam), Sri Sooktam (khila Rk
from Vedam), Sri Sthuthi (VishNu PurANam), SaraNAgathi Gadhyam passages of
EmperumAnAr, Sri LakshmI ashtotthara sthOthram, Sri Lakshmi Sahasra Naama
SthOthram, Sri Sthuthi of Swamy Desikan, Sri DevanAr ViLAgam PadmanAbhAcchAr
Swamy's monograph (Ph.D Thesis) on ParAsara Bhattar, AzhwAr's aruLiccheyalkaLs,
Lakshmi Tanthram and Srimath Prakrutham Azhagiya Singar's KaalakshEpams on our
ThAyAr's unique glories.
AdiyEn will take off from Dr.V.N. VedAntha Desikan's translation and adds other
anubhavams (Abhinava Desikar, HH Srimath Andavan and adiyEn). There are 61 slOkams in
Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. AdiyEn will cover them.
Dr.V.N. Vedantha Desikan has referred to the majestic gait, deep thoughts and apoorva
tatthvams embedded in the slOkams of Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam. This is indeed a rare
treasure chest of the gems (divine attributes of ThAyAr, Sri RanganAyaki) arising from the
blissful guNAnubhavams of Her son, ParAsara Bhattar. We will touch upon the Vibhuthvam,
UpAyathvam and PurushakArathvam aspects of Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr (MahA Lakshmi).
Dr.V.N. Vedantha Desikan points out that Mother RanganAyaki's “divine Qualities are
Unique; it reveals the intimacy that the author (ParAsara Bhattar) enjoyed with Sri
RanganAyaki” as Her pet child. The slOkams are “majestic, the dictum is magnificent and
the ideas are emotive”.
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DevanAr ViLAgam Dr. S. PadmanAbhan points out that Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam is a
SthOthram of “lyrical beauty, while it abounds in philosophical statements, which are unique
to the VisishtAdvaithA System of philosophy”.
May Sri RanganAyaki ThAyaar, blessing us while seated on ardha ParyankAsanam and
displaying abhaya MudhrA, bless adiyEn in the completion of this kaimkaryam!
May this SarvAnga Soundharyavathi, the Empress of Srirangam, Sri RanganAyaki,
adorning Kanaka rasanA (golden ottiyANam at Her slender waist), muktAhaarA (Pearl
necklace around Her neck), TaatankA (ThOdu) LalAtikA (ornament on Her forehead),
MaNisArA (gem necklace around Her shoulders) and TulAkOti (sweet sounding anklets on
Her legs) bless us all with Her karuNA KatAkshams!

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TANIYAN:

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SrI ParAsara BhattArya: SrI RangEsa PurOhita: |
SrI VatsAnga Suta: SrImAn SrEyasE mEastu bhUyasE ||

(MEANING):
The revered Sri ParAsara Bhattar is the son of KurEsar and the PurOhithar for Lord
RanganAthan. He is full of Kaimkarya Sampath and hence is qualified to be addressed as
SrimAn. May adiyEn be blessed with all auspiciousness again and again through this
salutation of mine at the sacred feet of Sri ParAsara Bhattar.
This Taniyan is from the Sri VishNu Sahasra naama BhAshyam of ParAsara Bhattar.
“Sri Paraasara Bhattar”
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COMMENTS:
Sri ParAsara Bhattar was born in 1062 C.E (?) as the son of KurEsar and AndAL. ParAsara
Bhattar came into this world through the grace of Lord RanganAthA as the elder twin born to
his parents. AchArya RaamAnujA gave the name of ParAsarA to this child and the Dhivya
Dampathis of Srirangam raised him. Hence, ParAsara Bhattar was a Gharbha- SrimAn as a
result of the JaayamAna KatAksham of the Dhivya Dampathis. AchArya RaamAnujA named
the twins as ParAsarA and Veda VyAsA to commemorate the authors of VishNu PurANam
and Brahma Soothrams respectively.
As a direct result of the Spiritual authority vested by AchArya RaamAnujA in ParAsarA, he
became the chief priest of Lord RanganAthan and expounded purANams (PurANa patanam)
at the Srirangam temple. That is why the taniyan salutes him as Sri RangEsa PurOhitha: and
it would have been a wonderful experience for his contemporaries to listen to ParAsara
Bhattar recite the Thirumanjana Kattiyam for Lord RanganAthA or provide nirvAham for
intricate passages of Swamy NammAzhwAr's ThiruvAimozhi paasurams.
The taniyan also addresses him reverentially as Sri ParAsara BhattAryah, a salutation that
is commensurate with his great Ubhaya VedAnthA scholarship, AchArya pathavi and
extraordinary skills in debates to defeat Paramatha Vaadhins. He shone as a bright star in the
firmament of Sri VisishtAdvaitham during the post-RaamAnujA and pre-Swamy Desika
period. He established a great Sishya paramparai through the adoption of Namjeeyar as his
main disciple.
ParAsara Bhattar's works some times will be hallmarks of brevity and clarity such as
AshtaslOki, which is the quintessence of the three Sri VaishNavite Rahasyams. Some times,
his works can be treasure house of elaborate commentaries such as The Bhagavadh GuNa
Darpanam, which is an encyclopedic work instructing us on the glories of the 1000 names of
Lord VishNu found in SriVishNu Sahasra Naamam.
His ubhaya VedAnthA Scholarship is outstandingly revealed in his beautiful Tamil
commentary on Kaisika PurANam, which is a part of VarAha PurANam, where VarAha
PerumAn reveals to BhUmi Devi, the extraordinary anugraham obtained through singing His
glory during the Brahma MuhUrtham of the twelfth day of Sukla Paksham of VriscchikA
month. The brilliant way in which ParAsara Bhattar gave the exposition of Kaisika
MahAthmyam in Sri RanganAthA's sannidhi gained the approbation of Lord RanganAthan
Himself. Our Lord ordered a Brahma ratham to celebrate the expository skills (PurANa
Pravachanam skills) of Bhattar. Bhattar was carried in a palanquin by dhvijOtthamAs to his
home with BhagavAn's mariAdhais and became ParAsara BhattAryar as recorded in His
taniyan.
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SLOKAM 1

The first slOkam starts with Our Lord's efforts to create the Naama-Roopa Prapancham
(the world of the form of names and forms) and Sri RanganAyakI's significant part in its
creation:

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Sriyai samasta chidhachit vidhAna vyasanam HarE: |
angIkAribhi: aalOkai: saarTanthyai KrutOnjali: ||

MEANING AS PER DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN / V.N.V.):
“This anjali, the supplicant posture of the two palms (of the hands) is submitted to the
great MahA LakshmI. It is Her majestic look of approval that adds a meaning and a sense of
fruition to the task of governance of the Universe, creating it, protecting it, etc., that the Lord
achieves, at some strain, (let us say so!), as if He does all this only to please Her! The great
creator functions for the pleasure and approval of Sri RanganAyakI! To Her, my anjali!”
Dr.V.N.V. has added brief comments in Tamil beyond translations of the slOkams about
the specific tatthvams covered by ParAsara BhattAryar. They are housed in Sri Nrusimha
PriyA issues. AdiyEn has benefited from them and will highlight them as the postings take
shape. AdiyEn will also compile additional information points as elaborations for extended
anubhavams of the words and phrases chosen by ParAsara BhattAryar.

SPECIAL NOTES BY ADIYEN (V.S.):
ParAsara Bhattar starts with an Anjali to RanganAyakI PirAtti (Sriyai KruthOanjali:) for
the conferral of Her anugrahams at the start of his creation of an eulogy of Her anantha
KalyANa GuNams. The power of anjali to the Lord or His Devi has the vaibhavam of melting
their hearts into “watery material” (Jala paNDam =am+jalayathi ithi) .
Sri RanganAyaki is Sarva Loka SaraNyai (the object of refuge by all the denizens of the
Universe). ParAsara Bhattar offers his prArthanA-poorvaka prapatthi (Self surrender preceded
by prayer) through his anjali to Her at the start of his creation of a sthuthi about Her limitless
auspicious GuNAs (anantha kalyANa guNAs).
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ParAsara Bhattar starts with the anjali- mudhrA as taught by his PoorvAchAryan, Swamy
AlavandhAr (28
th
slOkam of his sthOthra Rathnam):
tvadangrim-uddhisya kadhApi kEnachith
yathA tathA vaapi sakruth kruthonjali: |
tadhaiva mushNAthi asubhAnyasEshatha:
SubhAni pushNAthi na jAthu heeyathE ||

Swamy ALavandhAr was performing anjali to the Lord of Srirangam in the above slOkam.
AchArya RaamAnujA followed his Predecessor AchAryan (PoorvAcharyan, AlavandhAr)
when he saluted SriranganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi) on a Panguni Uttharam day through his
SaraNAgathi- Gadhyam:
“Bhagavan NaarAyaNa-abhimatha-anuroopa-Svaroopa-
guNa-vibhava-iswarya- seelAdhi-anavadhika-athisaya-
asankhyEya KalyANa guNA Padma vanAlayA”.
AchArya RaamAnujA prays to Sri RanganAyaki first befitting our SampradhAyam since
the anjali performed for Her (KruthOnjali) first will have the same auspicious results as that
done for Her Lord.
Late Sriman S. BhAshyam has translated the above SaraNAgathy gadhyam passage of
AchArya RaamAnujA pertaining to SriranganAyaki (MahA LakshmI) as follows:
“Oh BhagavathI! Oh Sriyam Devi! Thyself, Thine form, its qualities, and the
most wonderful, limitless innumerable collections of auspicious qualities of
Thine, such as, Greatness, Ruler ship and high virtues are all to Your Lord's
liking and worthy of the natural form and qualities of Your Lord, Bhagavan
NaarAyaNan Himself”.
SrimAn BhAshyam points out that the words “anuroopa” and “abhimatha” are used in
conjunction to indicate their unique co-existence in the case of the Dhivya Dampathis.
Anuroopam means likeness, conformity; Abhimatham means agreeable or desired status.
MahA Lakshmi's GuNa Rathnams are in conformity with those of the Lord and much desired
by Him and vice-versa.
The phalan of the 28th slOkam of Alavandhar for BhagavaAn is identical in its effect to
the Anjali performed (kruthOnjali) of ParAsara Bhattar in his first slOkam to Sri
RanganAyaki. The meaning of the 28th SlOkam of Swamy AlavandhAr is:
“Oh Sriman NaarAyaNA! When One performs anjali at Your sacred feet, even
once in any form, that anjali destroys all their sins without trace. It confers
enormous auspiciousness and makes them multiply. That anjali never fails to
yield the above results”.
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Sri ParAsara Bhattar had this in mind perhaps, when he chose the very words of
AlavandhAr (KruthOnjali:) in his first slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam addressed to his
Mother, Sri RanganAyaki.

OBSERVATIONS ON THE MAHA LAKSHMI TATTHVAM

THE GLORY OF THE NAME SRI DEVI
We have to remember reverentially the inadequacies of ourselves, when we venture to
eulogize MahA LakshmI (Sri Devi). We have to be humble in approach in the spirit of
AlavandhAr, who observed in his ChathusslOki SlOkam:
SrIrithyEva cha Naama tE Bhagavathi
BhrUma: katham thvAm vayam?
- ChathusslOki: First SlOkam, Fourth Quarter
(EXTENDED MEANING):
Oh Jagan MohinI! Your husband is the PurushOtthaman, Sri RangarAjan. AdhisEshan is
Your bed and seat. Veda SvarUpi Garudan is Your Vaahanam (transport). The Moola
prakruthi, which enchants the world is Your sacred curtain. The wives of BrahmA, RudrA,
IndrA and other DevAs are Your daasa vargams (assembly of servants). YOUR NAME IS
KNOWN AS SRI DEVI. HOW CAN WE BEGIN TO DESCRIBE YOUR LIMITLESS
AUSPICIOUS ATTRIBUTES? (As Your name is Sri Devi, is there anything to say beyond
that?).
Recognizing his own inadequacies in his attempt to eulogize Sri Devi, KurEsar devised a
clever approach. He stated clearly to Sri Devi that he wanted to praise Her (hE SrirdEvi!
samastha lOka JananIm thvAm sthOthum IhAmahE). He pleaded however with Her that She
should help him in this impossible effort: “yukthAm BhAvaya BhArathIm” (Please bless me
with the power of divine Speech that will fit this occasion).
After asking for dhivya-Vaak siddhi, KurEsar begged for the growth in affection-laden
Buddhi to eulogize Her (PrEma pradhAnam dhiyam praguNaya).
He wanted then for the PrEma Dhiyaa to blossom into Bhakthi (Bhakthim Bhandhaya).
He concluded this appeal for her blessings with a humble prayer: Please command this
prapannan as Your servant and gladden adiyEn with the acceptance of this Kaimkaryam and
cast Your dayA-laden glances on adiyEn (Imam Janam thAvakam DhAsam Nandhya! hE
LakshmI! amee vayam cha tE KatAksha Veesi visruthE: Lakshyam shyAma:).
KurEsar performed his Anjali (prArthanA poorvaka Prapatthi) at Her lotus feet in
preparation of his sthOthram on Sri Devi. He prayed for the ripening of his Bhakthi for Sri
RanganAyaki into Para Bhakthi, Para Jn~Anam and PARAMA BHAKTHI. With the choice
of the word “amee” (amee vayam), KurEsar indicated his unfortunate state of suffering
(ThuvaLuthal like a worm in hot sand) due to the lack of the KaruNA KatAksham of Sri
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RanganAyaki.
ParAsara Bhattar followed his father's sampradhAyam and that of AlavandhAr and
performed his anjali rites. As Sri RangEsa PurOhithar, he was well versed in the proper
procedures to address the Dhivya Dampathis in the Saastraic manner. Hence He had the
vijn~Apanam: “Sriyai: --SaarTyanthyai: KRUTHONJALI:”
We will now move on to the other key words and word groups chosen by Bhattar to
eulogize Sri RanganAyaki beyond “SRIYAI: KRUTHONJALI:”.
Sri ParAsara Bhattar visualizes Our Lord, Hari-RanganAthan engaged in the creation of
all sentients and insentients (samastha Chidhachith Srushti) in this first slOkam. He
visualizes further Our ThAyAr at the side of the Lord as a witness to this scene (aalOkai:) .

DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN'S COMMENTARY:
Although the creation of this Universe is a play for the Lord, It is still an effort for the
Lord according to Bhattar and he suggests that the Lord is somewhat distressed over the
enormous effort of creating the sentients and the insentients. Bhattar refers to the Sramam
(AayAsam) experienced by the Lord during the leelai of Jagath-Srushti.
Sri RanganAyaki is witnessing this srushti of the chEthanams and achEthanams by Her
Lord and approves His splendid creations with an encouraging nod. Lord sees the
anghikAram (approval) of His dEvi and feels fulfilled. He considers now that all His efforts
were worth the while; He feels relieved from the reading of the signal from His PirAtti.
What signal did Sri RanganAyaki give to her Lord? She did not say anything through
words. She just moved Her brows and eyes as a sign of Her AamOdhanam and angIkAram
(encouraging approval). As an Empress of the World and MahA RaaNi including Sri Ranga
RaajadhAni, She will only display Her sign of approval of the Lord's efforts with the modest
and beautiful movement of Her brows without aayAsam (stress).
Sri RanganAthan is immensely pleased with this feedback from Sri RanganAyaki and feels
fulfilled about His accomplishments. That made His day as it were! He considers His Srushti
acts as saphalam (fruitful) and meaningful after reading that signal of approval from His
dEvi.
KurEsar refers to this KatAksha-AngIkAram in of Sri Devi his Sri Sthava SlOkam:
YasyA: Veekshya mukham tadhangitha-
parAdhInO vidhatth akhilam
krIDEyam kalu nAnyathAsya rasathA
syAth IykarasyAth DayA”
-- Second half of Sri Sthavam: First SlOkam
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(MEANING):
Our Lord follows the hints given by His dEvi's face to perform His Srushti, Sthithi,
SamhAra Leelais as well as granting the PurushArthams according to their karmAs. If He did
not heed those cues and goes about His own way, He would feel that He is deprived of the
joys resulting from His Leelais. When the Lord grants the sentients their BhOgya,
BhOgOpakaraNa, BhOga SthAna PathArthams. He follows the unspoken cues (the
movement of the brows) of His Devi and enjoys His leelAs out of a sense of Iykarasyam
(Enjoyment in Unison with His dEvi).
ParAsara Bhattar invokes the spirit of the above Sristhava SlOkam of His Father and
performs his anjali to Sri RanganAyaki so that his efforts to create the sthuthi of Sri
RanganAyaki (Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam) will be meaningful (saarTam = saha+artham).

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY ADIYEN:
ParAsara Bhattar takes poetic liberty and suggests that the Lord experiences some
distress (Vyasanam) during His efforts to create the sentients and the insentients
(Chidhachith VidhAnam). This is for RasOkthi (statement for our enjoyment).
ParAsara Bhattar as Parama VedAnthin is fully aware of the Brahma Soothram:
JanmAdhyasya yatha: (All those which are seen in this Universe are Creations from Him, the
Supreme Brahman). These are all VishNu VibhUthis created by the Lord like an effortless
play (KreeDA HarEritham Saravam: Saanthi parvam of MahA BhAratham). His leelais
(chEshtithams) are compared to that of the child's play by VishNu PurANam: “kreeDathO
BaalakasyEva chEshtaam Tasya-”.
ParAsara Bhattar says in this slOkam that the Lord welcomes, nay waits for the
angIkAram from His dEvi regarding His Jagath Srushti leelais, since He is LakshmI-
SahAyan and feels fulfilled through Her sign of approval. His fatigue (vyasanam) disappears
at the sight of Her approving brow movement: (HarE: VidhAna-Vyasanam, Sriyai:
angIkAribhi: aalOkai: Saartham).
His heart is filled with joy over His srushti accomplishments that have met with the
approval of His dEvi.
In the context of the articles on Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam, adiyEn would like to share with
you a small krithi adiyEn composed on Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr, who is none other than
MahA LakshmI presiding over Sri Ranga RaajadhAni.
This Krithi could be sung in Raagam Vachaspathi
Pallavi: VandEham Maatharam
MaaninIm MahA LakshmIm
Anupallavi: UmA VaaNi SamsEvitha CharaNAm
Pankaja-Vana PriyAm Paapa NaasinIm (vandEham)
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CharaNam: Maadhava ManOharIm MahA dEvIm
nithya SaanthAm Soumya RoopAm
Sri RangarAja MahishIm KamalAm
Samudhra TanayAm HiraNya VarNAm (VandEham)

COMMENTS ON THE INDIVIDUAL SECTIONS OF THE KRITHI
Pallavi:
“VandEham Maatharam, ManinIm MahA LakshmIm”.
Salutations to our Loka MaathA, MahA LakshmI, who is the resolute Para Devathai, who
is the object of the highest level of worship. She is resolute in saving Her children from the
anger of Her Lord, who turns his face away at the trespasses committed by them. As
“Maaninee”, She is proud and resolute in not letting Her Children down in their times of
distress.
Anupallavi:
“UmA VaaNi SamsEvitha CharaNAM Pankaja-Vana PriyAm Paapa-NaasinIm”
As MahA Lakshmi, Her sacred feet are saluted by Her daasi Vargams (UmA and
Sarasvathi et al). She is the “SadguNa ArNonidhi” (the ocean of auspicious divine attributes)
and “GuNa Rathna Kosam” (treasure house of gems of KalyANa GuNams). Hence, UMA
and Sarasvathi join Her Daasi Vargam. Limitless Isvaryams come their way due to LakshmI
KatAksham. She is “MangaLAnAm MangaLam”. KurEsar has performed SaraNAgathi to
Her with the Sri Sookthi:
“Saa BhArathI BhagavathI thu yadhiya DAASEE
Thaam Deva Deva MahishIm SRIYAM AAASRAYAAMA:”
Here KurEsar goes one step further and states that Sarasvathi Devi is the servant of those
who are adiyArs of MahA Lakshmi.
Sri Devi is fond of residing in the Lotus forests. Her affection for the red Lotus is referred
to by Sri Sooktham passage:
“Padma-PriyE Padmini Padma-hasthE
PADMAALAYE PadmadaLAyadAkshi”.
Her power to destroy Sarva Paapams through Her Kataksham alone is well celebrated in
Sruthis and Smruthis. She is the “sarva bhutha Hitha Prathai” (conferrer of hitham to all
embodied ones). She is “Yashasvini” and “SarvOpadhrava-VaariNyai” as saluted by her
AshtOttharam. Her Yashas (keerthi) in this matter and Her ability to destroy all upadravams
are well understood. She is thus agha or Paapa Naasini of the highest order.

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CharaNam:
“Maadhava ManOharIm MahA DevIm
nithya SaanthAm Soumya RoopAm
Sri RangarAja MahishIm KamalAm
Samudhra TanayAm HiraNya VarNAM
(VandEham Maatharam -- MahA LakshmIm)”
She enchants Her Lord and He is under Her total spell as Maadhava ManOhari. She is
the PerumdEvi (MahA Devi) of Achyutha Varadhan. She is never angry and is an
embodiment of composure and tranquility (Nithya SaanthA). Her beauty is revealed in every
one of Her limbs (SarvAnga Sundari and acme of perfection thru Her SaamudhrikA
lakshanams). Thus She is Soumya Roopa, Padhmini. She is the Patta Mahishi of Lord
RanganAthan. She is revered as KamalA. She is the daughter of the Milky Ocean. She arose
from there during the churning of nectar (Samudhra-tanayA). Her complexion is like the
golden creeper and the bright golden flash of lightning (HiraNmaya varNam). Sri Sooktham
salutes Her golden complexion majestically at the very beginning of its eulogy:
“HiraNya VarNAm HariNIm SuvarNa-RajathasrajAM
ChandhrAm HiraNmayeem LakshmIm JaathavEdhO ma Aavaha”
We will move on to the second slOkam.
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SLOKAM 2
adiyEn will start with the tribute to Sri RanganAyaki housed in “OrANN Vazhi
AchArayrkaL Vaazhi ThirunAmam” and commence the commentary on the Second slOkam
and place it in the context of Sri ParAsara Bhattar's well respected skills as a MahA Kavi and
deep devotee of Sri Ranga NaacchiyAr.
Tribute to Sri RanganAyaki as the Second AchAryan
Pankayap-poovil PiRantha Paavai NallAL VaazhiyE
Panguniyil Utthara NaaL Paarr uthitthAL VaazhiyE
MangayarkaL Tilakamena Vantha Selvi VaazhiyE
Maalarangar MaNi Maarbhai mannumavaL VaazhiyE
YenkaL Yezhirc-ChEnai mannarkku Itham-uraitthAL VaazhiyE
Irupattanju uttpporuL Maaliyampum AvaL VaazhiyE
Senkamalac-Cheyyarangam Sezhikka VanthAL VaazhiyE
Sriranga NayakiyAr ThiruvadikaL VaazhiyE
(MEANING):
Hail to the auspicious lady born in the red lotus flower !
Hail to the sacred lady, who incarnated on this LeelA VibhUthi on a Panguni Uttharam
day!
Hail to the Lady, who is the most auspicious symbol among Women!
Hail to the most beautiful One, who has chosen the sacred chest of Lord RanganAthA, as
the enduring (eternal) place of Her residence!
Hail to this (second) AchAryan in our AchArya paramparai, who initiated the esoteric
meanings of Tatthav-Hitha- PurushArthams to our sacred Senai MudaliyAr
(VishvaksEnar) to serve as the next link in the eternal AchArya Vamsam!
Hail to this AchAryan, who revealed the inner meanings of the twenty five Tatthvams of
Sri VaishNava sampradhAyam!
Hail to this avathAram of MahA Lakshmi, who incarnated to grow the Isvaryams of every
kind at Srirangam known for its beautiful lotus ponds!
Our deep Salutations to the holy feet of the Empress of Srirangam, Sri Ranga NaacchiyAr!

SRI PARAASARA BHATTAR'S STATUS AS A MAHA KAVI
Sixty one of the Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam belong to the total of 337 verses in all his
sthuthis set in forty five kinds of poetic metres.
Dr. S. PadmanAbhan of the Department of Sanskrit has analyzed brilliantly the
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extraordinary skills of ParAsara Bhattar as a Mahaa Kavi and great Sri VaishNavite AchAryA.
He has highlighted with examples the skills of ParAsarA as a MahA Kavi arising from the
limitless anugraham of the Dhivya Dampathis of Srirangam, who raised ParAsarA as their
own child and lulled him to sleep in a cradle in Their sannidhi. Such a rare anugraham has
led to greatness in ParAsarA's sthuthis and it is no where more evident than in the Sri GuNa
Rathna Kosam SlOkams. Dr. PadmanAbhan lists a few of these quality marks in MahA kavi
ParAsara Bhattar's sthOthrams in general and in Sri GuNa rathna Kosam verses in particular:
“Sadhya: Paranirvruthi”: Capacity to transport the mind of the listener and the reciter to a
world of immeasurable Joy (Aanandham).
“ParichithamivAthApi Gahanam”: Capacity to reveal the magnanimous dimensions and
unfathomable depths once a critical mind tries to comprehend the full significance of the
words chosen by the poet.
“PadhAnAm SaubhrArtham”: A close affinity and cohesion among the words chosen in
the poetry.
“SayyA or Paaka”: Judicious juxtaposition of the words in a slOkam in such a way that the
words do not allow any substitution or change.
“animishanishEvyam SravaNayO:” Having a total effect of Sweetness in hearing the
slOkam again and again. It has an insatiable effect due to its MaadhUryam.
“Bahu-guNa ParINAhi” Having many other GuNAs to distinguish it as great poetry
marked by enjoyable RasAs and BhAvAs such as “PrasAda (Clarity of word and meaning),
Ojas (power to stimulate the mind), SamatA (balanced expressions), Kaanthi (lustre and
elegance to stand out), SusabhsabdatA (usage of Refined words and expressions).
Additional marks of greatness arise from clever use of SabdhAlankArAs (Figures of
Speech), poetic metres, skills in handing VyAkaraNam (Grammar) and NyAyAs (Maxims).
The end result is like “SitAkshIra NyAyam” (adding Sugar to Milk to enhance their
individual enjoyments).
The Second slokam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam is a classic example of the poetic skills of
a MahA Kavi:
7‘lB9‘|469l|¬6B8¬l Tl-
|+4l rTl ¹|T6+ PT³l¬¬l¬lP ·
~l¹ñr¹4 6¬Pñ=7l9¹ Gl
~l¹ñ¹l=P|r9l— |~4Pl~4lP- +

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UllAsa-Pallavita-Paalita-SaptalOkee-
nirvAha-kOrakita-nEma-katAsha-leelAm |
SrIranga-harmyatala-MangaLa-dIpa-rEkhAm
SrIrangarAja-MahishIm SriyamAsrayAma: ||

THE MAHIMAI OF SRI RANGANAYAKI
MahA Lakshmi Tattvam is gigantic in scope to comprehend by people of limited intellect
like us. AdiyEn will summarize the thoughts on Her tattvam from asmath AchAryan's
KaalakshEpam granthams.
There are two pramANams that would help us understand Her glories quickly and
clearly:
She is “Thrividha chEthanarkkum SWAMINEE”
She is the one who is the Lordess of the three kinds of ChEthanmas (Bhaddha Jeevans,
Muktha Jeevans and Nithya Jeevans). All the three Jeevans take orders from Her and
recognize Her as their niyAmikai (commander) and their Isvaree. She can not therefore be
just another Jeevan.
Sri Lakshmi Sahasra Naamam recognizes Her as “Sri VaasudEva Mahishi
PumprahdAnEsvarEsvari”. This word “PumpradhAnEsvarEsavri” has profound meanings
and this compound world breaks up into four individual words:
“Pum+PradhAnam+Isvaran+IsvarI”.
Here “Pum” stands for the Jeevans (pumAn); “PradhAnam” stands for Moola prakruthi.
“Isvaran” denotes the Lord. “IsvarI” stands for MahA Lakshmi, the empress of Jeevans,
Prakruthi and Isvaran.
As PumpradhAnEsvarEsvari, She is understood thus as the Sarva NiyAmikai
(PumpradhAnEsvarEsvari or the Isvari of PumpradhAnEsvaran Himself). She is
understood as “sarva-prakAra-abhimatha-anuroopa-svaroopa – GuNa-Rathna-Kosam”.
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar will be developing these themes in the different slOkams of Sri
GuNa Rathna Kosam.
She is understood as the “Tadh sadhrusIm Sriyam” or as the Empress, who matches Her
Lord's divine attributes in every way.
“Tadh” here denotes Isvaran (Sriman NaarAyaNan), who is the subject matter of the four
chapters of Brahma Soothram (Samanvayam, AvirOdham, Saadhanam and Phalam). She is
fully matched with that “Tadh” (Sriman NaarAyaNan, Her Lord). She has antharbhAvam
(inner presence) in all of His acts. In fact, he goes about His leelais like creation to please and
amuse Her. He takes the cues from Her ingithams (signs) originating from Her eye brows in
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going about His duties. They are what is revered together as “Sookshma mithunam” and
Yeka Seshis, the divine couple with subtle, matching attributes as Yeka-Seshi Dampathis.
In Sri RangarAja Sthavam intended expressly to celebrate the glories of Lord
RanganAthA, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar cannot help pointing out the
“PumpradhAnEsvarEsvaree” aspect of Sri RanganAyaki:
“nama: SriranganAyakyai yadh-bhru-vibhrama bhEdhatha:
IsOsithavya-Vishamya -nimnOnaatham idham Jagath”
—Sri Rangarajasthavam: SlOkam 7
(MEANING):
“I pay obeisance to that Goddess Sri RanganAyaki, whose brow-rising and lowering in
turn, have decisive impact in that they will cause the higher-ups and the lower-downs
respectively, (i.e.), the peaks and the troughs in the world; why, it could even make one — the
Super-Lord or a servant, She being the all-deciding force.”
Paraasara Bhattar is going to dwell on the extraordinary and special relationship between
the divine couple with an analogy that links the lustre of a gem with the gem itself as an
inseparable principle in one of the SlOkams of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam that we will cover
later (Svatha: SrIsthvam VishNO:---)
The various poorvAchAryAs, who have commented on Sri AlavandhAr's ChathusslOki
have also agreed on this matter:
The first slOkam of ChathusslOki celebrates the parathvam (Supremacy) obtained by
MahA Lakshmi through Sriman NaarAyaNa sambhandham.
The second of the four slOkams pays tribute to her PurushakArathva PrabhAvam
(Intercession with Her Lord on our behalf).
The third slOkam reveals that Mahaa Lakshmi known for such soulabhyam (ease of
access) has antharbhAvam (inner presence and thus involvement) in jagath- KaaraNathvam
(origin /creation of the Universe and its beings). Here the celebration of Her role as UpAyam
is recorded.
In the fourth and the final slOkam of ChathusslOki, the Phalan resulting from this UpAya
anushtAnam focusing on Her is proved.
MahA Laksmi is the Saha Dharma ChaariNI of the Lord. As His Saha Dharma ChAriNI,
She has “Hethu Garbha Viseshanam”. She has a role thus in all karmAs, which dampathis do
together. EmperumAn creates the Universe. She is with Him then and is involved as Saha
Dharma ChAriNi even there. They receive the havis of Jeevan together, when Prapatthi is
performed. They thus serve together as the AathmA for all the Universe and its beings.
This is a view that has come to us from Sage ParAsarA (the author of Sri VishNu
PurANam), Swamy AlavandhAr, EmperumAnAr, EmpAr and all the way down to Swamy
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ParAsara Bhattar.
In the 22
nd
slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar acknowledges
the Yeka Seshithvam aspect of the Dhivya Dampathis:
hElAyam akhilam charAcharmidam BhOgE VibhUti: ParA
dhanyAstE parichAra karmaNi sada Pasyanti yE Sooraya: |
Sri RangEswara Devi ! Kevala nirvAahya VargE vayam
SeshithvE PumAn ParikarAhyEtE tava spAraNE ||

(MEANING):
Oh Sri RanganAyaki! All the sentients and the insentients of this Universe are meant for
Your play. The nithya VibhUthi of Sri Vaikuntam is for Your BhOgam (enjoyment) as well.
The fortunate Nithya Sooris are for serving You. Here in Your LeelA VibhUthi, We remain as
the Ones to be protected by Your Krupai. Your consort Sri RanganAthan is immensely proud
of You, while being Your Lord.
EmperumAnAr in SaraNAgathi Gadhyam explicitly states that MahA Lakshmi
commands all the parijanams (nithya sooris) to their respective assignments. Such is the glory
of Our ThAyAr, Sri RanganAyaki!
adiyEn will now take up the commentary on the second slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna
Kosam, which is known for its Madhura LakAra prayOgams:
The Madhura lakArams are housed in the seven of the 18 words chosen by Swamy Prasara
Bhattar:
“UllAsa, Pallavita, Paalita, Sapta Lokee, leelAm, Harmayatala and MangaLa”
These lakArams start with UllAsam and conclude with MangaLam in this PrArthanA-
Poorvaka Prapatthi slOkam.
This slOkam is proverbially recited in front of Sri RangarAjan's Sannidhi at Srirangam
between the two Thirumana ThUNgaL, where the infant ParAsarar's cradle was set up by the
Dhivya Dampathis for their son.
Please recite this slOkam during your next visit to Lord RanganAthan's sannidhi. You can
also recite the first slOkam of Padma Raaga Paddhathi of Swamy Desikan as an additional
sacred verse there. The recitation of Both the slOkams will confer on you dhivya sampath and
mahath Isvaryam.
TRANSLATION OF THE MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
“HER eye glances, that open up and partially close, are major acts-not to be thought of as
light or ineffective twinkling of the (ordinary) eye. With such eye-movements, She achieves
everything! --The creation of the seven worlds, the protection thereof, etc.
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Imagine the whole seven-world object as a tree. Then, the sprouting of the tree, its
growth, its bearing buds, the buds blooming, are all events, so to say in a figurative fashion, in
the tender creeper that Her divine Eye-glance. What can it not achieve? All achievements at
the level of the world-governance are the sport for the eye-movement of Goddess
RanganAyaki, who dwells in the royal palace of Ranga VimAnam, as an ever lit-lamp of
auspiciousness. May we surrender unto her!”

COMMENTARY BY DR.V.N.VEDANTADESIKAN
Please witness the wonders of the eye opening and closing activities of the Divine consort
of Lord RanganAthan! Reflect on its extraordinary accomplishments! Please remind yourself
that the creation, protection and the destruction of all the seven universes are achieved
effortlessly with those eye openings and closings. Those little glances cause the blossoming,
budding and growth of the tree of seven universes and their beings. All of these wondrous
deeds happen from the power of the benevolent glances arising from that tender creeper, Sri
RanganAyaki.
That divine consort behind the srushti, sthithi and samhAram of the worlds resides at the
great palace at Srirangam as the Empress and shines forever from there as the most
auspicious lamp lighting our way.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN
The seven LokAs are protected by a joyous and tender creeper sprouting young shoots. As
it moves, it is like the tender, UllAsa laasyam of a female dancer. As TaaNDavam, the
energetic dance is for the Male dancer, and the tender and delicate movement of Laasyam is
for female dancers.
This UllAsa Laasyam is unique to Sri RanganAyaki. The word UllAsam has number of
meanings. It can mean Joy/delight or it can mean beginning /commencement. It can also
mean the Ten UllAsams covered by the KavyaprakAsA, a work by MammadA (10th century)
on the structure of utthama Kaavyams and sthuthis. Here the joyous waving of the golden
creeper of Sri RanganAyaki performing UllAsa Laasyam at the time of Jagath Srushti can be
imagined.
The second word is “Pallavita”. This means sprouting young shoots (arumbus). Those,
who have seen a creeper grow can relate to this phenomena. The word arises from “Pallava:”
meaning a sprout, sprig, a bud or a blossom. Pallavitha means therefore that which buds or
blossoms. “Pallava:” also means an amorous sport. This can be related to the jagath Srushti.
The third word is “Paalitha” meaning protected. What is being protected? The joyous
sprouts budding are protected by the UllAsa pallavam. These are the Saptha Lokams.
The first Paadham thus refers to Sri RanganAyaki as “UllAsa Pallavitha Paalitha Saptha
LokI”.
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THE SECOND PAADHAM
“NirvAha kOrakita nEma KatAksha LeelAm” is the second Paadham. “nEma” means
half or partial. “nEma KatAksha LeelAm” means therefore the power of the play of the half
open, half closed eyes of Sri RanganAyaki. She is partially opening Her eyes and closing
them. She is engaged in this Leelai. What happens as a result? What gets administered or
executed (NirvAham) by this? KorakAvasthA happens. “nirvAha kOrakitha nEma
KatAksham” falls on the seven worlds. “korakAvasthA” means the state of an unblossomed
flower or a bud, which has not fully developed into a flower.
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar is fond of referring to Sri RanganAyaki as a Nithya Yuvathi to
distinguish her from an elderly matron. He describes Her as being in the boundary of a girl
and a maiden (Saisava- youana- vyatikarA) in verse 43 of the Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. The
movement of the glances of this young girl and their effects are described here in terms of the
execution of Jagath VyApAram (Srushti et-al).

THE THIRD PAADHAM:
“Sriranga harmyatala mangaLa Dheepa RekhAm”
“Harmya” means a palatial mansion. Harmya talam or harmya Sthalam means the room
in that palace, (i.e.) the garbha graham of the mansion with seven ramparts, Srirangam.
At the “Sriranga Harmya Talam”, She shines as the “MangaLa dheepa RekhA” or the
nanthA ViLakku or the Jyothi of the most auspicious eternal lamp inside the royal palace of
Ranga VimAnam.
RekhA is a way of rendering Vedam. Her nature as the essence of Sruthis might also be
indicated here. RekhA generally means a line or streak. That Jyothi is saluted here.

THE FOURTH PAADHAM:
“SrirangarAja MahishIm SriyamAsrayAma:”
She is the Patta MahishI (Empress) of the Lord of Srirangam, the BhUlOka VaikuNtam.
She is “Sri Devi” or “Sri”. One PoorvAchAryA has already observed: “Your name is Sri. What
else more is there for us to say?”
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar addresses this fast-sprouting, tender Creeper, the eternal JyOthi
inside Sri Ranga VimAnam, Sri RanganAyaki, the root cause of the birth and kshEmam of the
seven worlds and offers his Prapatthi at Her sacred feet.

SLOKAM 2
VandhE Nrusimha-JaayAm anAdhi-MaayAm apOhithum-hEyAm
Sulalitha-Sundara-KaayAm SurEndra-gEyAm Surarshibhir-dhyEyAm
--MangaLAsAsanam for MahA Lakshmi by HH 42
nd
Jeer of Sri Ahobila Matam
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(MEANING):
AdiyEn prostrates at the sacred feet of MahA Lakshmi, the consort of Sri Nrusimhan, the
abode of all auspicious attributes (GuNa Rathna kOsam) and the One whose beauty
(soundharyam) bewitches the mind of Her Lord; She is always eulogized by samastha DevAs
with Indra at their head; She is meditated upon by all the Maha Rishis of austere penance.
The above sthOthram is that HH the 42nd Jeeyar of AhObila matam used while
performing MangaLAsAsanam for MahA Lakshmi. She is indeed Sundara-Sulalitha Kaayai
(tender and beautiful form like the lovely creeper) as visualized by ParAsara Bhattar in the
second slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam.
She is with Him in all avathArams and makes Her Lord famous with the names of
Lakshmi Nrusimhan, Lakshmi NaarAyaNan, Lakshmi HayagrIvan and in short Sriya: pathi.
It is in this context, sage ParAsara Bhattar salutes their inseparability in two slOkams of
VishNu PurANam:
NithyaivaishA JaganmAthA VishNO: SriranapAyinI
YathA SarvagathO VishNu: TadhivEyam DhvijOtthama
devathvE dEva dEhEyam manushayathvE cha MaanushI
VishNO: dEhAnuroopam vai karOthyEsha aathmanas-tanum

(MEANING):
As a Vibhu, Mahaa LakshmI is never ever separated from Her Lord. She is the Mother of
all the Worlds and their beings. Just as Her Lord is pervasively present (VyApthi) everywhere,
She is also present everywhere with Him as aNu or Mahath (atomic size or gigantic size). She
assumes the dEva svarUpam or manushya svarUpam in accordance with the dEva or
manushya svarUpam taken by Her Lord. She accompanies Her Lord with an anuroopam that
corresponds to His roopam.
As a result of their inseparability, they are known as a “Sookshma Mithunam”, “anyOnya
Misram” and “AnyOnya PrathibhAdhakam”. This is the view of Sri Paancha Raathra
Aagamam as quoted by Sri U.Ve. MukkUr LakshmI NrusimhAchAr Swamy in one of his
magnificent articles on Sri Manthra Raaja Padha SthOthram dealing with the name
“VishNu:”
tadEtath Sookshma Mithunam Paraspara Vichinvitham
aadhAvanyOnya MisrathvAth anyOnya PrathibhAdhakam
(MEANING):
This divine couple is a very subtle One. They excel by being together always. From time
immemorial, it has been this way. We have to understand the glory of one of the partners by
comprehending the glory of the Other.
Swamy YenkaLAzhwAn, the AchAryan of Swamy NadAthUr ammAl, who wrote the
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commentary for Sri VishNu PurANam of Sage ParAsarA observed in this context:
MahA Lakshmi (Sri RanganAyaki) has the attributes of Jagath KaaraNathvam (creatrix of
the Universes), SarIra-SarIrI BhAvam, UpAyathvam and PrApyathvam (means and end) just
as Her Lord (Sri RanganAthan).
Swamy Desikan will follow this sampradhAyam and salute Her in His Tamil
Prabhandhams (Tann Thiru Maathudan iRayum TaniyA Naathan) and in His Sanskrit
SthOthra Granthams like Sri Sthuthi. He salutes Her Lord as Lakshmi- Visishtan or the One,
who is associated with Sri (MahA LakshmI) Devi.
Swamy Desikan has given six different meanings for the Name of “Sri” to elaborate on
these subtle attributes of the Lady, who never leaves the chest of Her Lord:
MahA Lakshmi removes all the obstacles that stand in the way of performing the UpAyam
of those, who sought Her sacred feet.
She corrects the mind-set of those who sought refuge in her so that they attain the right
frame of mind to perform their kaimkaryams to Her Lord.
She listens with immense patience to the pleas of the suffering Chethanams, which
approach her.
She makes sure that Her Lord listens to these plaintive cries of the suffering chEthanams.
She is accessible at all times to those who seek to be protected (ujjIvanam) and blessed.
She is present in the chest of the Lord to protect those, who sought Her refuge.
The Manthra Rathnam (Dhvaya Manthram) asserts that the Lord United with His divine
consort is our ultimate refuge and the Phalan for such surrender is nithya Kaimkaryam to this
Sookshma Mithunam in their Parama Padham.
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SLOKA 3:
We have now the context for the third slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam:
H+ T¬6+ Tl'7l|¬ñ+l¹¹¬H ¹¬6
9|6|7H¬ =HlG~lBGl+l Tr|¤ - ·
F6++4+¬ = ¬7FTl¹9 !9|ã¹ Tl
¹¬46 P|4 ¬÷PlT-94‘l T³l¬l+

anukala-tanu-kANDAlingana-aarambha-sumbhath
pratidisa bhujasAkha SrIsakhAnOkahardhi:
stana-nayana-guLuccha-sphAra-pushpadhvirEpA
rachayatu mayi LakshmI Kalpavallee katAkshAn

MEANING OF THE SLOKAM GIVEN BY DR.V.N.VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
“The Lord is a veritable Kalpaka tree; Goddess MahA Lakshmi, a kalpaka creeper that
has grown in close and fast embrace of the tree. The tree (that the Lord is) grows fast,
prolifically, and with thousands of twigs and branches. These are His hands (and fingers).
They grow in all directions in an eager enthusiasm to surround His consort from all sides in
tight embrace.
If the tree growth is so rich and fertile, the kalpaka creeper too draws rich sustenance and
nutrient-rich blooming bunches -- which are indeed the richly grown up breasts. Her eyes
look like black beetles that hover round the flowers in the tree-creeper matrix.
Both the tree and the creeper grow, as it were, in mutual support and nurture, to a rich
panorama of flowers and beetles!
Lakshmi in that context -- May She shower Her rich rain of gracious kindliness on me
and immerse me in that blessed bath!”

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS (ADIYEN):
In the first slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar offered his anjali to Sri RanganAyaki:
“Sriyai: kruthOnjali:”
In the second slOkam, the key words are: “SriRangarAja MahishIm Sriyam aasrayAma:”
Here, He sought refuge at Sri RanganAyaki's sacred feet.
In the third slOkam, the subject of coverage of today, the prayer is: “rachayathu mayi
LakshmI Kalpavallee KataakshAn”. (May Sri RanganAyaki drench adiyEn with the nectarine
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showers of Her glances graciously and keep me soaked in that auspicious bath!).
The prayer is set in the context of a Kalpaka tree (Lord RanganAthan) and Kalpaka
creeper (Sri RanganAyaki) in tight embrace. The effect of that intense embrace on the Lord
and His divine consort is described with majestic poetic vision by Swamy ParAsara Bhattar in
the first three lines of the slOkam.

THE FIRST LINE: THE TIGHT EMBRACE
“anukala-tanu-kANDAlingana-aarambha –sumbhAth” is the first Paadham .
anu is a prefix that means along side, after or behind. “kala” means sweet, delicate and
pleasing effect (asphashta maddhuram). Anukala-tanu (trunk of the kalpaka tree here)
kANDAlinganam or the sweet and tight embrace of the Kalpaka tree (Lord) by the Kalpaka
creeper (Sri RanganAyakee) is visualized here. The beginning of the tender and yet tight
embrace between the Mithunam (couple) leads to some dramatic happenings that are
described in the second Paadham.

THE SECOND PAADHAM
“prathidisa bhuja-saakha - SrisakhAnOkahardhi:”
Once the creeper commences its embrace of the trunk of the kalpakA tree, latter ( the
tree) grows prolifically and shoots out thousands of branches with verdant leaves. These
branches are the Lord's hands rushing to surround and hold His consort from every side
tenderly. The Kalpaka tree glistens with new leaves on its multitudinous branches the
moment the creeper embraces it. It shines with new and ever increasing lustre every second.
The branches stretch in every direction in an effort to return the embrace of the creeper (Sri
RanganAyaki).

THE THIRD PAADHAM
“sthana nayana guLaccha sphAra pushpa dhvirEphA”
The Kalpaka creeper responds to the loving and tight embrace of the branches (arms of
the Sahasra-hastha Sri Sakhan, Lord RanganAthan). The Kalpaka creeper of Sri RanganAyaki
is adorned by two rich blooming bunches of flowers (two sthanams) and two black bees (Her
karu vizhigaL / limpid, rapidly moving, daya-laden, dark-hued eyes).
It appears as though the verdant tree is now rich with flower blossoms, which are the
object of attention of the hovering bees. All these happened as a result of the anyOnyam of
the dhivya dampathis of Srirangam. Both the tree and creeper support and nourish each other.
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar paints a beautiful word picture of happenings in “the Tree-Creeper
matrix”.
A flowering fruit tree in this world removes the taapams of the people through its shade-
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giving properties. It blossoms and fills the air with its fragrance. It yields fruits. It serves as
the Kozhu kompu (the leaning stick) for the creeper near it. Both the creeper and the tree
thrive through this mutually reinforcing relationship. The Kalpaka tree representing the Lord
is celebrated by the thousand branches of VedAs removes the Taapa Thrayams and comforts
the prapannAs under His shade. The kalpaka creeper circling this Kalpaka tree reveals the
anantha kalyANa guNams and sings the glories of the tree (Lord RanganAthA). She reveals
to all of us that Her Lord is the paradEvathai as a PathivrathA SirOnmaNi, while being His
equal in every way.
This passage reminds adiyEn of the passage in BhU sthuthi:
tvath sangamAth bhavathi Maadhavi Labdha pOsha:
SaakhaA sathai: adhigatha HarichandanOsau
Here BhU devi/Maadhavi, the Sankalpa-kalpa LathikA (One who grants the desired
wishes of bhakthAs by Her sankalpam alone) is seen as the tender creeper circling the
Harichandana tree of Lord and providing Him nourishment and strength (labdha pOsham)
and enhancing His glory.

FOURTH PAADHAM:
“rachayithu mayi LakshmI Kalpavalli KatAkshAn”
Here Swamy ParAsara Bhattar prays for those Daya-laden katAkshams of the KalpakA
creeper to fall on Him and drench him with the anugrahams of Kaimkaryam to Her at
Srirangam and nithya kaimkaryam to Her and Her Lord at Parama Padham.
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SLOKAM 4
The fourth slOkam celebrates Sri RanganAyaki's Vibhuthvam and Isvarathvam. Vibhu
means Supreme being, Sovereign of all. In NyAyA philosophy, it means eternal, existing
everywhere, all pervading. Isvarathvam means having all the six guNams of Isvaran
(Bhagavaan). That is why, Sri RanganAyaki, who confers on Her bhakthAs every kind of
Isvaryam that they desire is understood as IsvarI. She has PoorNathvam as VaishNavI, just as
her Lord, VishNu.
Sri RanganAyaki's Vaathsalyam (affection and tenderness to Her offsprings) overlooks all
of our defects (dhOshAmsams) and comes to our rescue, as we seek Her as our refuge. There
are at least ten definitions of the DayA Tattvam of the Dhivya Dampathis. She is known as
DayA Devi. He is Known as DayALu. In this DayA guNam aspect, the SaraNYa Dampathis
are tulyam (Identical).
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar will be elaborating upon the tulyam aspects between the Dhivya
Dampathis, when it comes to Jn~Ana SakthiyAthikaL, Isvarathvam, UpAyathvam,
PrApyathvam in Sri GuNa Rathna slOkams such as “prsakana Bhala jyOthir-
Jn~AnaisvarI” (SlOkam 32). For now, we will focus on the Fourth SlOkam of Sri GuNa
Rathna Kosam:
We will now study padham by padham the fuller meanings of the Fourth SlOkam:
47 H ¬ñl- 9PlT |F¤¹¬¹¹¬+l6l¹6¹4 P ¹l¹ -
4 7l-6lF6x4|¬-6l P ¹|¬T¹|B 4t9l7|¬ñ F6¹|-6·
¬l ¬l 9l 7 ¤l6 T =l ¬ = |T6 ¬¬4ã H --4l+ ¬l4l
Fll +- ~l¹lF6 Tl6lPP 6¬r|¹¤l¬= ¤+l4 ¹9lñ - +

yadh-bhrU-bhangA: pramANam sTira-chara-rachanA taaratamyE MurArE:
VedAnthAs-tatthva-chinthAm Murabhidhurasi YathpAdha-chihnais-taranthi |
BhOgOpOdhghAta kELee chuLukitha-bhagavath Vaisva-roopyAnubhAvA
Saa Na: SrIrAsthruNIthAm amrutha-lahari-dhee lankaneeyair-apAngai: ||

THE FIRST PAADHAM: THE POWER OF THE EYE MOVEMENT
“Yadh-bhrU-bhanga: pramANam STira-chara-rachanA tAratamyE MurArE:”
There are countless number of creations (sentients/ Jangamams/sthirams and
insentients/sthAvarams/charam) in the Lord's srushti. There are a lot of gradations and
differences among the multitudinous class of insentients (Tree, Mountains et al) and
sentients (a worm, a bird, an animal, humans, dEvAs et al).
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Our Lord (MurAri) seems to need some indications as to whether He is doing all right
during the creation of these sentients and insentients; He needs some route maps and
guidelines to complete this onerous task of creating all these charAcharams (sthira-chara-
rachanA) with the distinguishing gradations (Taaratamyam). He uses His Vedams as
PramANams and yet He wants to get some reassurances and feedbacks on His handiwork.
Our MurAri's needed pramANam (authority) for guidance in these efforts besides
Vedams comes from the “BhrU-bnagam” of MahA Lakshmi (Sri RanganAyaki). She serves as
the final arbiter and referee. By watching the different movements of Her eyebrows, MurAri
(RanganAthan) gets the cue and assigns appropriately the gradations (Taaratamyams) for the
different chEthnams and achEthanams. Thus MurArE's pramANam is that “Bhru-
bangam” (Yadh BhrU-bangam) of His Sahadharma-chAriNi, Sri RanganAyaki.

THE SECOND PAADHAM: THE GUIDING PRINCIPLE FOR THE UPANISHADS
“VedAnthAs-tatthva-chinthAm Murabhidhurasi Yath-paadha-chihnais-taranthi”
Time and again VedAnthAs (Upanishads) have to establish the Parathvam (Supremacy)
among Gods. They look for PramANams and signs by which they can go about this task to
settle without doubt the parathvam issue. They come to the conclusion that Lord VishNu has
Paaramyam/Parathvam (Supremacy) over all the others based on the fact that He alone has
the Bhaagyam of being the Consort of MahA Lakshmee (LakshmI Pathy).
Upanishads are our PramANams. The PramANam for them in subtle & ultimate
determinations like “Who is the Supreme Lord of all Lords” is the sign of the red lac dye
imprinted on the chest of MahA VishNu. With the clue of that insignia, the Upanishads
conclusively establish that MahA VishNu is the Supreme One. They assert on that basis that
Sriya: pathi, Sriman NaarAyaNan, is the Para Devathai.

THE THIRD PAADHAM: PERUMAL PADUM PAADU IN PIRATTI ANUBHAVAM
“BhOgOpOdhgAtha kELI chuLukitha-bhagavadh- vaisva-roopyAnubhAvA”
As Sri RanganAyaki looks at Him, Our Lord begins to enjoy Her svarUpa-Roopa
GuNams. He wants to rise to the occasion given the magnitude of Her GuNa Rathnams. He
takes therefore a gigantic form (visva roopam with thousands of hands, eyes and faces) to
take in the full ecstasy of that BhOgAnubhavam. Taking the Visva Roopam is His
“anubhAvam” in His attempt to fully enjoy the anantha kalyANa guNams of His pirAtti.
AnubhAvam means an external manifestation or indication of a feeling (bhAvam) by
appropriate symptoms such as look or gesture. His anubhAvam as He begins to enjoy Her
svarUpa-roopa guNams is the assumption of Visva Roopam. Even that effort was not
adequate for the occasion. It was like using the cupped palm of one's hands to measure the
content of the ocean of Her SavrUpa- roopa GuNams. He does not get the paripoorNa
anubhava prApthi, even if He tries hard. He gets dismayed. Dr. VedAntha Desikan comments
on these difficulties of the Lord has rasOkthi (delectable anubhavam):
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“PerumAL anubhavatthil Bhakthar padum paattinai, Periya PirAtiyAr anubhavatthil
PerumAL paduvAn pOlum!”

THE FOURTH PAADHAM: A PRAYER
“Saa na: SrI: aasthruNIthAm- amruthalaharI- dhee-langaneeyai: apAngaI:”
May That “Saa SrI:” the SrI Devi of such limitless KalyANa GuNams immerse us
(aasthruNIthAM) in the flood of mental waves of nectar (amrutha laharI Dhee:), which is
nothing but Her karuNA KatAkshams (Daya-laden glances).
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar qualifies those most powerful nectar-like glances of Sri
RanganAyaki this way: Those glances which baffle Her Lord to take a measure of Her are
known for their Vaalabhyam (Power to direct the Lord to get things accomplished),
Niroopakathvam (She Being the Supreme example to establish the parathvam of Her Lord)
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and BhOgyathvam (Baffling even PerumAl to rise up to the occasion to enjoy Her Svaroopa-
Roopa GuNams fully).
May That “Saa SrI”, that Sri RanganAyaki known for Her Vaalabhyam, Niroopakathvam
and BhOgyathvam sprinkle the nectar stream of Her karuNai-laden glances on me! Swamy
Paraasara Bhattar points out that the waves of those nectarine glances (amrutha lahari) have
to be enjoyed with “Dhee” (at the level of intellect and not on a physical plane).
In the previous slOkam, the prayer was:
“Rachayathu mayi Lakshmee Kalpavallee KatAkshAn”
(May She shower Her rich rain of gracious daya on me and soak me in that auspicious bath).

In this slOkam, the prayer goes one step further:
“Saa na: SrI: aasthruNIthAm amruthalaharI dhee langaneeyai: apAngai:”
(May that LakshmI sprinkle/spread the nectarine wave of Her eye-glances on/over me,
which are to be enjoyed by the intellect).

(PraNavam) Sri NilayAyai nama:
(PraNavam) BhOgavathyai nama:
(PraNavam) VibhUthyai nama:
(PraNavam) PrApthyai nama:
(PraNavam) RakshAyai nama:
(PraNavam) Kaaminyai nama:
(PraNavam) Sarva LakshaNa LakshaNAyai nama:
(PraNavam) Sarva Loka Priyankaryai nama:
(PraNavam) Sarva MangaLa MaangalyAyai nama:
(PraNavam) DhrushtAdhrushta phala-pradhAyayai nama:

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SLOKAM 5
The fifth slOkam of ParAsara Bhattar's eulogy of Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr takes this
form:
4Hl4¬4 4 ¬4 67 |¬6F6l ×l4 7 ¹ F9 rl
F6l 6 T 44|Pt47¾ =¬ r - 9l¾l |4|¹-¬4l74- ·
H-4 4 64 7 |4 ! 4l= P+B4l ¬l 9l+|¬¬ 97
Tl4l¬- 946lPr T4|46 F4|F6 9HFt4 |¬¹lP +

yadhyAvath tava vaibhavam tadhuchita sthOthrAya dhurE spruhA
sthOthum kE vayam ithyadhasccha jagruhu: prAnchO virinchAdaya: |
apyEvam tava Devi! vaangmanasayOr bhAshAnabhij~nam padam
kAvAcha: prayathAmahE kavayithum svasthi prasasthyai girAm ||

DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN'S TRANSLATION OF THE MEANING:
Where is Your greatness? And where am I? My qualifications do not justify even my
harboring a wish to sing a hymn in Your praise. Indeed great sages, even Brahma included,
have declared that they are not competent to sing of You. Not withstanding all this, I begin
my venture; why? To acquire a certain sanctity and auspiciousness for my tongue and my
words, which are otherwise faulty and mean.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY SRI V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN SWAMY
Oh RanganAyaki! Oh My Mother! May all the efforts of mine as an unqualified poet to
praise. You become auspicious! May they be filled with MangaLam! May these words coming
out of the mouth of a lowly one like me praise You and as a result confer on me the powers to
create auspicious eulogy about You!
Oh Periya PirAtti! How great is Your Vaibhavam and how far spread is that Vaibhavam!
adiyEn, who is an ignoramus about Your limitless glories is totally unfit to compose a
sthOthram that adequately captures Your Vaibhavam. In fact, adiyEn is a lowly person and as
such is far removed from even the thought of composing such a sthOthram.
You might say: “What is new here? In ancient times, BrahmA and other dEvAs used to
disqualify themselves as unfit ones to praise us through sthuthis in a mood of
naichyAnusandhAnam. My child! Are you following their route?”
adiyen replies: “Yes indeed! Even for BrahmA, the act of creating a sthuthi that came
close to describe adequately Your kalyANa gunams was an effort that was far above his
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capabilities”.
In spite of these well-known deficiencies, adiyEn with my un-pious speech tries boldly to
eulogize You, whose glories cannot be comprehended by vaak or manas. Why do I persist in
this impossible task? adiyEn persists with my self-assigned task for my tongue and my words
to be cleansed and be blessed with sanctity and auspiciousness as a result of association with
the celebration of your most sacred Vaibhavam.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY ADIYEN:
Sri ParAsara Bhattar is engaged here in the time honored tradition of poets, when they
approach their task of creating sthuthis on BhagavAn and His divine consort.
Echos of Swamy AlavandhAr and KurEsar, the father of ParAsara Bhattar can be heard in
this fifth slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam.
Swamy AlavandhAr expresses his unfitness even to approach the task of eulogizing the
Lord this way:
yadhvA srama avadhi yathA madhi vaapyasaktha:
sthoumyEvamEva kalu tEpi sadha sthuvantha:
VedAsc chathurmukha mukhAsccha mahArnavAntha:
kO majjadhOraNu kulAchalayO: VisEsha:
- Swamy AlavandhAr SthOthra rathnam: slOkam 8

(COMMENTS):
Oh Sriman NaarAyaNa! adiyEn started my sthuthi proudly by saying : “na: kula dhanam,
kula dhaivatham, Aravindhalochanasya paadhAravindham sthOshyAmi”. Then adiyEn
recognized quickly that a mandha mathi and alpaj~nan like myself making a sankalpam to
eulogize You is a saahasam because even MahAns like BrahmA and SivA fail in their attempts
to praise adequately even a fraction of Your glories. Yet, adiyEn of feeble sakthi attempts to
praise Your limitless vaibhavam to the limit of my abilities with huge struggle. adiyEn is
emboldened in this self-assigned task through the remembrance that VedAs, BrahmA and
others praising You. Their efforts would be much greater than mine and yet in a ocean of
Your kalyANa guNAs, what is the difference between a blade of grass and a small object that
is sunken there?
Swamy AlavandhAr goes on to state: “mandha buddhE: mama thu srama: sulabha:ithi
mama cha ayam udhyama: uchitha:” (For me of feeble intellect, this fatigue is but natural,
when adiyEn attempts to praise You. This makes it appropriate for me to engage in this
effort).
Swamy AaLavandhAr followed the example set by Poikai Piran (avaravar
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thaanthAmaRinthavAREtti) and Swamy NammazhwAr (tangaLanbhAratthamathu
SOLVALATTHAAL talai tali siRanthu poosippa). ParAsara Bhattar follows the path of
AaLavandhaar and his father KurEsar in humbly acknowledging his futile effort to praise the
kalyANa guNams of Sri RanganAyaki.
The father of Bhattar, Sri KuResar (linked to the AchArya lineage of AaLavandhAr-
Periyanambi-RaamAnujar) addresses Sri Devi in his Sri Sthavam and comes out with
thoughts identical to Swamy AaLavandhAr, when he refers to the futility of the effort to praise
adequately the anantha kalyANa guNams of Sri RanganAyaki (Sri Devi). He says: Oh Sri
Devi! “taavakA: guNA: VaachAm manasaam cha durgrahathayA khyAtha:” (Your limitless
auspicious guNAs are famous in that they can not be accessed by mind or speech ). Those
cannot be described even by the Master of speech, BrahmA (Tvath sathguNArNonidhou
thaadrusI vaak VAACHASPATHINAA API SAKYA RACHANAA KATHAM?).
KurEsar goes onto say that PirAtti's kalyANa guNams are such that it would be laughable
to attempt to engage in praising them (haasyam na manmahE). In a mood of
naicchAnusnadhAnam, KurEsar describes himself to Sri Devi as a dim-witted one (aj~na:),
low (neechan) and with mean mind (dushta buddhi). He says that in spite of all these
deficiencies, he is going to attempt to praise Sri Devi just as a dog is not afraid to lick the
waters of the most sacred GangA river. The dog's thirst is quenched by that attempt and no
harm comes to the glory of GangA by the contact of the tongue of the lowly dog (BhAgIrathi
sunA leeDaapi nahi dhushyEth; Suna: aarthisthu saamyEth). KurEsA's
naicchAnusandhAnam serves to focus on the kalyANa guNams of Sri Devia as GangA
PravAham, limitless and svathassuddham. The Sunaka sparsam leading to sukha sparsam for
the Sunakam (Dog) is reason enough. ParAsara Bhattar follows the lead of his great father
and his prAchAryans.
The phrases and thoughts used by Swamy AaLavandhAr, KurEsar and ParAsara Bhattar
are almost identical.
We will conclude on this slokam 5 of Sri Guna Rathna Kosam with the insight provided by
KurEsar (Sri Sthavam) and AaLavandhAr (ChathusslOki) in their sthOthrams about Sri Devi:
BrahmEsAdhi suravrajas sadayithas tvath daasa daasI gaNa:
SrIrithyEva naama tE Bhagavathi BhrUma: katham thvAm Vayam
--Swamy AaLavanthAr, ChathusslOki: SlOkam 1 passage
(Oh Mother! BrahmA, the DevAs and their wives are Your assembly of servants; You are
addressed by the most glorious name of Sri Devi with the connation of ShaadguNya
sampoorNai. How can we (the lowly ones) dare to speak about you and attempt to praise
You ?)
yasyAstE mahimAnam athmana iva tvath vallabhOpi Prabhu:
naalam maathumiyatthayA niravadhim nithyAnukoolam savtha:
- Swamy AaLavanthAr,ChathusslOki : SlOkam 2 passage
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(Oh LokaikEswari! LokanAtha dayithE! Your Lord Sriman NaarAyanan of limitless
prabhAvam Himself is unable to assess as to how great Your vaibhavam is. He becomes
asakthan in these efforts. If that is so, what about our (poor ones) lot, when it comes to
eulogizing You?).
Devi tvanmahimAvathir na HariNA naapi thvayA Jn~AyathE
-- KurEsar in Sri Sthavam
(OH Sri Devi! Your Lord is Sarvaj~nan and Sarva Sakthan (Omniscient and Omnipotent).
Even He cannot fully assess Your prabhAvam to His satisfaction. If that were to be so, we are
not even fit to open our mouth in any effort to praise Your limitless auspicious attributes).
PirAtti's dayA is “SvathO nithyAnukoolam” (always inherently comforting and dayA-
laden). Keeping this assuaging thought in mind, ParAsara Bhattar proceeds with his
sthOthram on Sri RanganAyaki in the way shown by his father and Swamy AaLavanthAr.
Swamy Desikan will follow the panthA (path) shown by ParAsara Bhattar in his Sri Sthuthi.

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SLOKAM 6
F6l 6l¹ 6P H|-6 7 |4 ! T44l 4l |4F6 Tl6 ¬ Tl+
F6l 6-4F4 66¾ 6 F6 |6¤ ¹l P¹4 4 |4~l¹4|6 ·
4FPl7FP7P9 Tl4T|T|6F4lTl¹6F6 ¬ Tl-
¬l-t4l 7l4 74l74l ¬¬4|6 ! F4l 9F6 4l¹+ 9¤lP +

sthOthAram tamusanti dEvi ! kavayO yO visthruNeethE GuNAn
sthOthavyasya tathasccha tE sthuthidhurA mayyEva visrAmyathi |
YasmAdhasmAth amarshaNIya phaNithi svIkAratastE GuNA:
KshAnthyoudharya dayAdhayO BhagavathI! svAm prastuveeran praTaam ||

TRANSLATION OF THE MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Bhagavathi! The world of scholars would acknowledge only that man, as a poet of
worth, who is capable of publicizing the great virtues of the subject (that he is praising).
Under this criterion, no one is better suited to praise you (than me). Yes. Because Your
forbearance, pity, graciousness, bounteousness and similar qualities would stand out in
prominent perspective only when I am their target. I am the lowliest person; my words are
poor and defective. But, Your qualities shine at their best only with regard to me. So, I declare
that I am the fittest panegyrist for you.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS FROM DR.V.N.V
Oh Bhagavathi! In this world of Yours, one is recognized as a “SthOthA” by the learned
people, when he can illuminate well the attributes of the subject that he is eulogizing. Under
this criterion, the burden and responsibility to be Your SthOthA will rest solely with me. Why?
There are important attributes that you possess such as forbearance, generosity, dayA et al.
There is no object fitter than me for all those auspicious attributes of yours to be targeted. My
words are poor and deficient. Hence, you should take compassion on me and let your showers
of mercy fall on me to become suitable to attempt this effort of praising you. Therefore, no
one else is more appropriate than me to be the object of Your mahA KalyANa GuNams.

OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN:
ParAsara Bhattar was an expert in Tarkam. His arguments regarding his qualifications for
being the best poet to praise Sri RanganAyaki is laid out here in a clever manner. He starts by
conceding that it is an accepted practice to judge a poet's excellence by the skills he displays
to illuminate and elaborate well the attributes of the object of his sthOthram. If he has that
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prowess, then he is called a SthOthA (Tamm sthOthAram usanthi).
This poetic excellence should amply demonstrate his power to expand on and celebrate
the GuNAs of his object of praise (ya: guNAn visthruNeethE).
SthOthA is Bhattar. SthOthavyaa is Sri RanganAyaki. Bhattar connects now the SthOthA
and SthOthvyaa and the responsibility of the sthOthA to engage in his efforts to praise Sri
RanganAyaki (sthOthavyaa).
Bhattar now accepts full responsibility as the sthOthA of the Divine Mother with the
statement: “sthuthi-dhurA mayyEva visrAmyathi” (the full responsibility to pay adequate
tribute to You rests solely with me as Your sthOthA). DhurA means a burden or a load. That
burden rests with me and me alone as a result of undertaking such important duties to be
Your SthOthA. Thus ends the first two paadhams of the sixth slOkam. The case has been laid
out and the duties and the onus of responsibilities has been clearly stated.
In the second paadham of the slOkam, the clever ParAsara Bhattar reveals how he is
going to become fit for his duties. He says: “KshAnthyoudhArya- dayAdayO Bhagavathi!
YasmAdhasmAth amarshaNIya phaNithi sveekArathas tE guNA:”
First, Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as the embodiment of auspicious attributes like
KshAnthi (patience and forbearance), oudhAryam (generosity) and dayA (Compassion) and
reminds her that She is indeed Bhagavathi (the abode of other six gunams such as Isvaryam,
Balam, Tejas, Sakthi, Veeryam et al).
Next, Bhattar states that the power of Her illustrious GuNAs will nullify his poor and
defective vaak (speech) and then sanctify it to become fit to engage in Her sthuthi and
thereby qualify to be recognized as Her famous sthOthA.
He says: Because of the nature and power of Your KalyAna GuNams, they towered over
my lowly self and my “amarshaNIya PhaNithi” and identified me as the right target for the
torrent (prasravaNam) of Your KaruNai and soaked me in ecstasy. Therefore adiyEn, the
fittest object of Your dayA, declares myself now to be the best among Your sthOthAs
(panegyrists).
In the next two slOkams, ParAsara Bhattar prays to the divine Mother for Her further
blessings for the conferral of the full poetic power befitting the occasion.
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SLOKAM 7
In the seventh slOkam, ParAsara Bhattar makes a sincere appeal for Sri RanganAyaki's
auspicious glances to fall on him to realize a sthuthi on Her, which will pay the most befitting
tribute to Her anantha kalyANa guNams.
B |± BP¤46 +- F44P 4 ¬÷Pl-
~l¹ñ¹l=P|r9l P¤ ¹ - T³l¬ - ·
4 7¹\44T ¬ T¬ ¹¬+¬l ¹4 4l
T'7 ¬TT T… r¹l- T44l ¤4|-6 +

Sookthim samagrayathu na: svayamEva LakshmI:
SrIRangarAja MahishI madhurai: kaDAkshai: |
Vaidhagdhya-varNaguNa-gumbhana-gouravair yaam
kaNDUla karNa kuharA: kavayO dhayanthi ||

THE MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
May Goddess Sri RanganAyaki, Herself, confer Her benign glances to make this work of
OURS (Hers as much as mine!) perfect and replete with the admirable virtues of richness of
content, use of choice words, happy combination of all beauties, so that discerning
connoisseurs of poetry will eagerly listen to the work with rubbed ears, whetted to the hearing
process!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY DR.V.N.V
Oh The divine consort of Lord RangarAjA! Are not You my Mother? You should bless me
with Your auspicious glances and help me to complete this Sthuthi on You. I dream that the
fruits of this effort would be the creation of a Sthuthi with an integration of Vaidhagdhyam
(insightful meanings), varna-guNam (distinction of housing the flow of choice words),
Gouravam (guruthvam or majestic nature) and the seamless blending (gumbhanam) of all of
the above features. The learned aasthikAs will devour such a nectarine sthOthram through
their ear cavities.
These learned people are rasikAs of poetry and literary creations. When they experience
the sweetness (maadhUrya rasam) of the Sthuthi about You, their ears will long more and
more to hear this sthuthi. Their ears will never be satiated. It will be aparyApthAmrutham for
them. Oh RanganAyaki blessing us as MahA Lakshmi in archai form at Srirangam! My
prayers are for Your dayA to create this Sookthi and help. When You participate in this
manner actively, then the resulting Sookthi will be OUR Sookthi instead of being just mine!
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OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN
Here, ParAsara Bhattar co-opts Sri Ranganaayaki to be the creator of the sthuthi about
Herself in the spirit of Swamy NammAzhwAr's paasurams as pointed out by Dr.V.N.V :
“To get sung of Himself, He became myself. He had the work composed by me without
any error. Had I done it myself, it would have been imperfect; errors would have crept in.
When He did it Himself through me as a tool, all was well done..”
---ThiruvAimozhi: VII.9.4

“Yennal tannai padhaviya inn kavi paadiya Appanukku yethuvum onRumillai
seyvathu ingumangE “--ThiruvAimozhi: VII.9.10
(MEANING):
“To One, who made me --a nobody before--a poet to sing of Him in sweet verse, He
would Himself sing, if He were to do it-- I feel I can do no adequate return here or
elsewhere”.
ParAsara Bhattar pleads with Sri RanganAyaki: “na: sookthim samagrayathu”. Samagra
means complete. Samagrayathu means then let it be completed. What should be completed?
Our (Yours and mine or our Joint effort) should be completed .Who should be completing
this task? “SvayamEva LakshMI: SrirangarAja MahishI na: sookthim samagrayathu”. May
Thou, the divine consort of SrirangarAjA, LakshmI, compete this task all by Yourself. How
will You complete this task? You will get it done thru me by resting Your sweet and
auspicious glances (Madhurai: kaDAkshai:) on me.
What will be the end result of the anugraha sakthi of Your Madhura KaDAksham? A Sri
Sookthi full of deep meanings, choice word groups and serving as KarNAmrutham for the
rasikAs will result. The ear holes of those rasikAs will taste the nectarine sweetness of this Sri
Sookthi of ours and will be aching to taste more. The experience would be an insatiable one
for them.
Bhattar seeks the boon of a Sri Sookthi that has Vaidhagdhyam (skill, dexterity and
proficiency in arrangement of words in appropriate poetic metres), VarNa GuNam (the
perfect order of arrangement of words or gathi kramam), Gumbhana ghouravam (loftiness
based on the union of the above features).
When such a delectable Sri Sookthi is tasted by the ears of the learned poets, those ears
will itch to devour more and more of “our” Sri Sookthi says Bhattar.
In the next slOkam, ParAsara Bhattar elaborates on the supreme quality of the Sri Sookthi
to be realized and prays for Sri RanganAyaki “to open up multitudes of vistas” for his poetic
power.
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SLOKAM 8
H+l¤l6l4H 4r ¬ T9|¹Tl|r P+Bl
Trl+ Bl rl7 9|¹|¬6|P4l¤l|9 ¬r+P ·
97l+l Bl Hl×l7|+|P9|+9 -4 ~4T4l -
t4P 4 ~lP G 4r P G4 4lTl|4¬|B6P +

anaghrAthAvadhyam bahuguNa pareeNAhi manaso
duhAnam souhArdam parichitamivATApi gahanam |
padhAnAm soubhrAthraadh animisha nishEvyam sravaNayO:
thvamEva SrIrmahyam bahumukhaya VaaNee Vilasitham ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh Goddess MahA Lakshmi! This work should have not even a trace of defect. It should
have abundance of many virtues; it should by its felicity, become dear to the hearts of
listeners; it should be friendly in the intimacy of acquaintance and at the same time, be of yet-
unfathomed depths of literary merit; it should also have a perceptible concord between words
used-- so that this sport of the literary muse would be appreciated by the listeners with an
alert and attentive listening faculty that I would call the analogue of winkles eyes to imply
uninterrupted attention. May You Yourself open up to multitudes of vistas to my poetic
power!

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS (ADIYEN):
In this slOkam, ParAsara Bhattar prays for the boon of SarvathO-mukha paaNDithyam
from Sri RanganAyaki to compose an unsoiled (anAgrAthA) sthOthram on Her without any
dhOshams (avadhyam).
He wants the SthOthram to be delectable to the ears of the listeners with the usage of
words, which are in common parlance. He wants the slOkams not to have any viparItha
arthams (apArthams) and to have the proper flow without the dhOsham of Prakrama
Bhangam (haphazard structure).
Besides the freedom from the above dhOshams, Bhattar prays to Sri RanganAyaki to
realize a sthOthram on Her, which is marked by clarity, sabdha as well as artha alankArams.
He prays further for deep VedAnthic thoughts to illustrate the scriptural authority for Sri
Tatthvam. Bhattar prays for the boon of combination of Padhams in a mutually enriching
manner that would make the listeners enjoy the beauty of the SlOkams like one is taking in
the beauty without winking one's eyes. The ears would be engaged in such an effort.
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Bhattar asks Sri RanganAyaki to enhance his Vaak-VilAsam multifold (mahyam
bahumukhaya VaaNi Vilasitham). He reminds Her that he is following the dictum of Sage
ParAsarA, his namesake and the author of VishNu purANam, that “ArthO VishNu: Iyam
VaaNI”. That authoritative revelation points that Vaak DEvathai (The Commander and
controller of Speech) is MahA Lakshmi and not Sarsavathi. Indeed Sarasvathi gets Her power
as Vaak dEvi from MahA Lakshmi. Therefore, ParAsara Bhattar prays to Sri RanganAyaki for
the boon of auspicious Speech that will lead to divine poetry.
First, the auspicious glances of Sri RanganAyaki falls on ParAsara Bhattar and the choice
expressions rich in aptness and excellence follow in the form of dhOsham-free poetry. Happy
blend of words (SaubhrAtraa) and Saarsavatha Vaak flow like a torrent due to the grace of Sri
RanganAyaki.
Dr.S. PadmanAbhan points out that ParAsara Bhattar is a MahA Kavi in that “His words
are familiar to the readers, but assume the magnanimous dimensions and unfathomable
depths, once a critical mind tries to understand the full significance of these words
(paricitamivathApi gahanam). There should be among the words, a close affinity and
cohesion (PadAnAm saubhrAtram). This may be called sayA or pAka, which consists in
judicious juxtaposition of words in such a way that the words do not allow any substitution or
change. The total effect of such a composition will be that it is sweet to hear again and again
(animishanishEvyam SravaNayO:). The expression “bhauguNa parINAhi” also suggests that
according to ParAsara Bhattar a good poem should also have the guNAs such as PrasAda
(clarity of word and meaning), Ojas (the power to stimulate the mind of the listener), SamatA
(balanced Expressions), SusabdhA (refined words and expressions), SabdhAlankArAs (figures
of Speech), ArthAlankArAs (upamaa/comparsions, UthprEkshA/ poetic fancy and RupakA/
metaphor) and appropriate metres”.
ParAsara Bhattar sought and obtained the blessings of Sri RanganAyaki to become a
MahA Kavi adorned with the above lakshanams.
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SLOKAM 9
AdiyEn will cover ParAsara Bhattar's conversation with SriranganAthan about his efforts
to sing about the praise of Sri RanganAyaki in this slOkam:
|~4- ~l- ! ~l¹ñ H4 ! 64 ¬ 8Hl ¬¬46l—
|~4 t4¬l 5-4 ¬¬ 4 4|Pr TTlP- ~ T 6¹lP ·
†Hl 6 ¬ 4lF6l B G6¹=6l¹ ~4T6-
9 +r 9l tT9l 6 F9 ³6 ¬ =4l - T-¬TH6P +

Sriya: SrI:! SrIrangEsaya ! tava cha hrudhyAm BhagavathIm
Sriyam thvathyOucchair vayamiha PhaNAma: SruNutharAm |
dhrusou tE bhUyAsthAm sukhataraLathArE SravaNatha:
punar harshOthkarshAth sphutathu bhujayO: kanjukasatham ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh Lord, who bestows affluence to the storehouse of affluence (that Lakshmi is)!
Oh Lord RanganAthA! She is very dear to You. Her, we are going to praise, even better
than You! (that is, we are going to place Her even superior to You and we are going to praise
Her as even better than You Yourself can!). Be pleased to listen with attentiveness! Definite it
is that Your eyes will revolve in delectation-caused mesmerism. And as You enjoy it, You will
expand in body ,arms and form as a result of hearty enjoyment of pleasing poetry on a dear
subject. Your armour will break and shatter to pieces; and mind You, a hundred armours
would be exploded in Your experience of my exquisite poem on Your dearest consort!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
It is not clear whether Bhattar sang this praise of Sri RanganAyaki in front of PerumAL at
His sannidhi or sang it during their sErthi sEvai during a Panguni Uttharam day. Bhattar
does take the liberty of predicting as to what is going to happen as a result of the Lord
listening with great joy, the slOkams of his Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam.
Bhattar says: “Thiruvukkum ThiruvAhiya SelvA! Oh Lord RangA! Oh Bhagavan! We are
going to sing about Your dharma Pathni, who is shAtguNya- SampoorNai. She is very dear to
You! You must have an idea of how I am going to praise Your pathni. I am going to eulogize
Her at a level higher than You can!”
Two meanings are implied here:
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I am going to sing about Her to show that She has qualities that are superior than Yours.
I do not know how Your own praise of Your PirAtti would turn out to be. But, I am
planning to eulogize Her at a level higher than You.
What would be the effect of hearing my superior sthuthi on You? The dark pupils of Your
eyes will rotate out of that joyous experience. Your body will swell with pride and will lead to
Your big shirt to burst. If you were to wear another shirt that hangs loosely to begin with, then
Your swelling arms and body will make that shatter too! Even hundreds of shirts cannot fit
You as they get changed because your body would keep on growing and burst the shirts one
after another. You of course realize the greatness of Your Devi's extraordinarily auspicious
attributes. You also realize that my Sthuthi is not an ordinary one! Finally, Your capacity to
enjoy such a sthuthi is not commonplace! Your raasikyam (Connoisseurship) is one of the
best that we know!
With the address of the Lord as “Sriya: Sri:” Bhattar joins the highly celebrated and small
group of Thirumangai AzhwAr (Periya Thirumozhi : VII.7.1 on TherazhundhUr PerumAL),
AlavanthAr (SthOthra- Rathnam:12) and his own Father, KuREsar (Sri Vaikunta-
Sthavam:29), who all recognized the Lord as the One, who bestows MangaLam on the
MangaLa Naayaki Herself ( Sriya: SrI:). All the above four are saluted therefore as “UdhAra
Vaak”.

OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN
1. Sriya: SrI:
Thirumangai salutes Aamuruviappan (Gosakan) of ThErazhundhUr as “Thiruvukkum
ThiruvAhiya SelvA” with great endearment in his Paasuram. AlavanthAr asks a rhetoric
Question in this context in his SthOthra Rathnam and answers it himself later:
“KassrI: Sriya:? Parama Satthva samAsraya: Ka:? PuNDarIka Nayana: Ka:?
PurushOtthama: Ka:?”
(MEANING):
Who is the One that confers MangaLathvam on the Parama MangaLa Moorthy Herself?
Who is the One, who is the embodiment of Satthva GuNam without admixture of even a trace
of RajO GuNam or TamO GuNam? Who is the One that has PuNdarika nayanan (eyes
defeating the lotus in their beauty)? Who is that Purushan that is the supreme most One?
AlavanthAr answers all these question readily by pointing out that Purushan, who is
“Sriya: SrI:”, Parama Saathvikan, Aravindha Lochanan (Tasya YathA kapyAsam
PuNDarikam yEvamakshiNI) and PurushOtthaman is none other than Sriman NaarAyaNan.
He bases his conclusion on the facts that
Sriya: Pathithvam is the top most item among His Parathva Saadhakams.
That Sri RanganAthan is Para Tathvam is proven further by the fact that He is Parama
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Saathvikan.
PuNDarIkAksham is uniquely associated with Sriya: SrI: and hence it is another proof of
Parathva Lingam (Sign of Supreme Being).
PurushOtthama Tatthvam celebrated by VedAs, Upanishads and Bhagavath Geethai
(PurushOtthama Yogam chapter) assert clearly that Sriman NaarAyaNan, “Sriya: Sri:”
alone has undisputed Parathva Lingam.
With the choice of this word, Bhattar salutes Periya PerumAL enjoying His Yoga NidhrA
on the bed of Adhi Seshan at Srirangam.
Tava cha HrudhyAm BhagavathIm Sriyam PhaNAma:
We are going to eulogize the Lady, who is dear to Your heart, Sri RanganAyaki, who has
the six attributes (tejO-Bala-Veerya -Isvarya et al) befitting Her name as Bhagavathi.
BhagavathIm Sriyam TvatthOpyucchai: Vayamiha PhaNAMa:
Thirumalai Nallan RamakrishNa Iyengar Swamy translates this section as
“ThirumahaLai Bhagavathiyai ninakkum mElAha cheppukinrOm”

SRUNUTARAM
Oh Sriya: Sri:! Please listen to our Superior praise on Your dear consort attentively.

What is the effect of such attentive listening?
Sri RanganAthan's eyes rotate with Joy (KaruvizhigaL PiRazhthiduha / dhrusou tE
bhUyAsthAm) arising from this delectable experience of listening (SukhataraLathArE
SravaNatha:)

What else is going to happen?
His pride of being blessed with Sri Devi as His Piratti and the joyous experience of His
son (Bhattar) singing exquisitely about Her supreme attributes makes Lord RanganAthan
swell up and burst His shirts adorning His big arms. He keeps on swelling with pride that
even new and larger shirts suffer the same fate. Limitless indeed is the Lord's pride as He
hears Bhattar's slOkams eulogizing Sri RanganAyaki! Marvelous indeed is the exquisiteness
of Bhattar's poetry blessed by Sri RanganAyaki Herself!
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SLOKAM 10
In the ninth slOkam, Paraasara Bhattar had a challenge to Sri RanganAthA through his
claim that his (Bhattar's) praise of Sri RanganAyaki would be superior to that of the Lord
Himself. Therefore, He invited Sri RanganAthan to listen to his sthuthi of His Devi very
carefully.
In the tenth slOkam, ParAsara Bhattar shifted his attention from Sri RanganAthan to Sri
RanganAyaki and declared that the ancient rishis (sages) aver that the apourushEya VedAs
are the reposiories for the gem- like klayaaNa GuNams of Sri Devi (Sri RanganAyaki). The
IthihAsAs, the Smruthi texts and the Saathvika PurANAs elaborate and clarify the Sri
Tatthvam as adumbrated by the faultless, blemish less VedhAs.
The tenth slOkam housing these thoughts is as follows:
7 |4 ! ~ |6 ¬¬46l— 9¤P 9 Pl B-
t4tB7 ¬ Tl ¤P|TTlH¬ r ¬ T|-6 ·
67 ãl¹9l³+9³ |+ ¬ B|6rlB-
B 6T› TFP |69 ¹lT9 ¹FB¹l|T +

Devi Srutim BhagavatIm praTamE pumAmsa:
thvath sadhguNouka maNikOsa gruham gruNanthi |
taddhvAra pADana paDUni cha sEthihAsa-
santharkaNa smruthi purANa purassarANi ||

DR. V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN'S TRANSLATION AND COMMENTS:
Treatment of a subject, judging the quality, passing a verdict--all these depend on the
basis, scale or authority, as we may call it, chosen for the purpose. The correct weight of a
material will depend on the reliability of the weighing scale employed, of the correctness of
weights used for balancing. In a similar manner, the scripture chosen as the scale should be
perfect and blemish less. The ONLY ONE of real absolute infallibility is the VedhAs. Great
leaders of religion like VaalmIki, VyAsa ParAsara, Swamy NammAzhwAr etc., would treat
this infallible authority, namely, the Sruthi--as the Treasure chest, keeping Your qualities in a
safe spot. The key to that Treasure chest is the adjuvant authorities, namely, the Epics, good
logic, the Smrithis and the Saathvika PurANAs.
This present work of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam is, what is revealed on opening, the
Treasure chest with the above key. (That is, I am going to describe the qualities of SrI
revealed by the VedhAs and such auxiliary works listed above).
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SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam literally means MahA LakshmI-- great Qualities--Gems--
treasure chest; that is the treasure chest on opening and studying which, the gems of excellent
qualities of MahA lakshmI will be revealed to us.

ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS
Here ParAsara Bhattar states that the treasure chest that he is going to open is the
container of the great gem-like, resplendent auspicious attributes of Sri RanganAyaki, who is
the archA form of Sree Devi at Srirangam.
Sri Bhattar points out that he is just following the path of the great sages, who went before
him like VyAsar, VaalmIki, the author of Sri VishNu purAnam (Sage ParAsarar), Manu and
others, who developed their PramANams based on the infallible truisms of the authorless,
anaadhi Vedhams. Here, Bhattar suggests that the Upa-bruhmanams like Smrithis and
PurANams reveal the inner meanings of the VedhAs to elaborate on the anantha kalyANa
guNams of Sree Devi just as Purusha Sooktham describes the limitless auspicious attributes
of Her Lord.
Bhattar states that the key to open the treasure chest housing the GuNa Rathnams of Sri
RanganAyaki is the UpabruhmaNams. His sthuthi helps to appreciate the GuNa Rathanams
locked inside the jewel box of VedAs and opened by the key made up of Smrithi, Saathvika
PurANams, Tarkam and IthihAsams.
It is fascinating to see that Bhattar weaves in the Vedic word with the root of
“Gru” (GruNanthi) in this slOkam extolling the praise of Vedams and their links to Sree Devi.
GruNanthi means to praise, announce, proclaim. The first two Veda manthrams of NeeLA
Sooktham house the words “GruNAhi” and “GuNanthu”.
Bhattar says in this context: “Devi! pumAmsa: (Great ones like VyAsaa, ParAsarA and
others) sruthIm BhagavathIm tvath sadhguNouka MaNi kOsa Gruham GruNanthi”.
SruthikkE Adaimozhi is BhagavathI (i.e.); the synonym for BhagavathI is Sruthi
(Vedhams). PumAmsa: (Great Sages) place these blemish less Vedhams in the first place
(Bhagavthim Sruthim praTamE gruNanthi). Those vedhams holding the top spot for
adoration are described as the jewel box housing Your gem-like kalyANa guNams (Tvath
sadh guNa MaNi kOsa gruham).
The keys that open the above jewel box (Tath DhvAra- pADana-paDUni) are the
UpabruhmaNams (IthihAsams, good tarkam/samtarkaNam, Smrithi and Saathvika
PurANams). These UpabruhmaNams are invaluable to interpret the inner meanings of the
Vedhams housing the anantha kalyANa guNams of Sri Devi.
In the next slOkam, Bhattar describes those, who are not fortunate to receive Sri Devi's
KrupA KatAksham are indeed fools, who misinterpret VedhArthams and wallow in misery
until the last days of their lives.
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SLOKAM 11
In the eleventh slOkam, Bhattar describes the fools, who go around with noisy protests
and quarrels in the world. Bhattar describes five categories of such people, who have fallen
into this miserable state because of their misfortune in not being the object of Sri
RanganAyaki's krupA katAksham.
The eleventh slOkam containing these thoughts is:
Hlr 4 7l+Pl+ T|6¬+ T|6¬l¹l=T |4HP 67
¹l=-4tT |¬7lH ¬ |T+P|9 ¬ T F6 7|¹ãlTP-4 ·
|¬¬l4-4 B ¹l= ¬4|P|6 ¬ =7lF6 6¬l6-4Tl9 -
4 6 ~l¹ñr¹4l ñTT+T¬6 ! + ¬T ¬÷4PlB+ +

aahurvEdAnamAnam katichana katichArAjakam visvamEthadh
rAjanvath kEchidIsam guNinamapi guNaistam daridrANamanyE |
BhikshAvanyE surAjambhavamiti cha jaDAsthE talAtalyakArshu:
yE tE Sriranga harmyAngaNa kanakalathE! na kshaNam lakshyamAsan ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Goddess! Veritable creeper of Gold! Queen of the palace of Sree Ranga VimAnam!
Those dunces, who were out of bounds to Your grace, would commit the crime of destroying/
denying the authoritative stature to the VedAs. A few others would say there is no God.
Others, who admitted a God, denied however, auspicious qualities to that deity. Some others
conferred Godhead on a mendicant, Bhikshu, namely, SivA. All these warring groups indulge
only in mutual beating and create a huge furor.
(Oh RanganAyaki!) They all behaved in this manner only because Your Grace was not
available to them.

ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS
Here, Bhattar alludes to the unfortunate people who have developed strident and
conflicting views regarding “the world manifestation and the status of MahA Lakshmi”.
Bhattar points out that these deluded people do not acknowledge or perceive the truisms
embedded in the text of great authority such as Vedham and as a result have failed to be the
objects of Sri RanganAyakI's grace.
These unfortunate ones are grouped by Bhattar into five categories of disbelievers and
distorters of the eternal Truth proclaimed by the Vedhams:
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Those who deny the Vedhams as PramANams altogether: Jainism, Buddhism and
Materialism (ChArvAkAs). They belong to the Naasthika systems. All the three deny the
concepts of soul and God as held by the followers of the VedhAs. They are opponents of
Aasthika darsanams, which affirm the VedhAs as unassailable PramANams (Instruments of
valid knowledge).
The materialists deny the existence of any thing, which are beyond the reach of the eyes.
The Jains adopting “anekAntavAdha” believe that nothing can have a particular trait. They
replace VedhAs with the authors of Jain texts.
The Buddhists come under the twin groups of HeenayAna (lower path) and the
MahAyAna (the great path). HeenayAna is subdivided into VaibhAsikAs and SautrAntrikas.
Former maintain that the world is real, but has only a momentary existence. The latter
(SautrAntrikas) arrive at the world's existence only through inference. The MahAyAna group
is again subdivided into two: The YogAchAra School and Nihilism School. The former holds
the world to exist only in the form of knowledge. The latter (Nihilism) denies altogether the
total existence of the world and accepts SoonyA (Void) as the reality.
All the three Naasthika darsanams are called as Vedha- Baahya darsanams, since they
reject VedhAs.
The second category accepts VedhAs, but gives incorrect meanings to VedhAs. These are
known as SaankyAs. This NirIsvara Saankya darsanam rejects Isvara tatthvam and hence the
Saankya darsana followers are known as “arAjakars” (Those who believe that there is no
king/Isvaran). They accept 25 Tatthvams: (1) Moola Prakruthi or primordial entity (2)
mahath or great principle (3) ahankAra or the cosmic egoism (4) manas or mind (5-9)
Jn~AnEndhriyams or organs of knowledge (10-14) karmEndhriyam or organs of action (15-19)
Pancha tanmAtrAs or five subtle elements (20-24) Five gross elements and (25) Purusha or
Jeevan. There, they stop by excluding Isvaran. There is no 26th Tatthvam that
VisihtAdhvaithin accepts as a cardinal principle.
The third category consists of VaisEshikAs, who accept the authority of VedAs, but
emphasize inference (anumAna) and Verbal comprehension (sabdhA). This line of thinking
was founded by KaNAda and is also known as Asath-karya Vaadham. This group tries to
prove the existence of God by inference. They recognize our Lord to the limit of nimittha
kaaraNam but do not extend Him to UpAdhAna KaaraNam (material cause). ParAsara
Bhattar in His masterly work, Tatthva RatnAkara has criticized soundly the deficiencies of
this school of thought to uphold the supremacy of VisishtAdvaitham.
The fourth group accepts Vedam (sabdha PramANam) but makes the Lord of limitless
KalyANa guNams (SaguNa Brahmam) as bereft of those auspicious attributes. They make
Him “GuNa Daridhran”. These are the MaayA Vaadhis.
The fifth group constituted by Saivars, who see in a mendicant Isvarathvam. This Bikshu
is a karmAdhinan and states clearly that He is the daasan of Sriman NaarAyaNan in Manthra
Raaja Padha Sthothram and elsewhere.
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All of these five groups quarrel with one another and are either non-believers in Vedham
as PramANam or misinterpret the Vedhic passages to their own advantage in an unsatisfying
and inconclusive manner. All these viparIthams happen because of their failure to become the
objects of the grace of Sri RanganAyaki, the golden creeper blessing us as the Queen of the
palace at Srirangam.
Perumdevi Thayar: Thirukachchi
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SLOKAM 12
In the previous slOkam, Bhattar referred to the KalyANa GuNams of Sri RanganAyaki.
Here, he describes how the blessed people are able to see those auspicious attributes with the
unguent of Bhakthi.
This slOkam is as follows:
P+|B |4¬B6l÷Tl ¬|±|B&lV+ +
~ |6|H¹|B |+¬ 7 ¬÷Pl! 6 4l¬PlTl-·
|+|¤|P4 P|rPl+ ¬ V6 4 5|9 ¤-4l-
++ ¬¬4|6 ! 7 4l— B 97 6 5|¬=l6l-+

Manasi vilasatAkshNA Bhakthi siddhAnjanEna
sruti sirasi nigUDam Lakshmi! tE veekshamANA: |
nidhimiva mahimAnam bhunjathE yEapi dhanyA:
nanu Bhagavati! daivIm sampadham tEabhijAtA: ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Goddess! Reservoir of all auspicious qualities! (Traditionally it is believed that the
eyes can envision under-the-ground-hidden objects if a special dark unguent -anjana, “mai”
in Tamil - is applied on to the eyes).
Fortunate persons use the unguent of Bhakthi and are, thereby, able to see the treasure
hidden below surface at the hill top, namely the treasure of Your great qualities, which lie
hidden in the manthrams of the Upanishads (the peaks of Vedic hills).

ADDITIONAL COMMENTARY BY DR.V.N.V
MahA Lakshmi has Sakala KalyAna GuNams. Her limitless auspicious attributes (Her
mahimai) are like a treasure that is hidden under the surface of the hills of Upanishads. One
needs mai or anjanam of Bhakthi to see the treasure of MahaA Lakshmi's mahimai (hidden in
one's mind). That anjanam will provide the Jn~Ana chakshus (eyes) to comprehend and
enjoy that priceless treasure. Those, who are able to enjoy Her Mahimai, are indeed
bhAgyasAlis (DhnayA:).

ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS:
Bhattar states here that Bhakthi SiddhAnjanam is needed to witness and enjoy the
treasure of the Mahimai of MahA Lakshmi. That treasure is hidden inside the Veda Siras
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(i.e.), the Upanishads. Those who are able to experience MahA Lakshmi's KalyANa GuNams
with Bhakthi SiddhAnjanam become possessed with dhaiva sampath (divine wealth) that
leads one to Moksham. They are indeed BhAgyasaalis (blessed beings). They are dhanyA:
(DhanavAns or possessors of inestimable wealth).
Bhattar's thoughts have echoes in the tenth chapter of Srimath Bhagavath GithA. The role
of Bhakthi-siddhAnjanam to comprehend Him and attaining Him are covered here.
In the Tenth slOkam of the Tenth chapter, Lord says that He blesses the Bhakthi Yogis
with Buddhi YOgam, which can be equated to the SiddhAnjanam.With the help of this
anjanam, the saadhakAs comprehend the supernal manifestation and the splendour of His
auspicious attributes and become dhanyA.
With their minds focused on Him, with their PrANAs centered on Him, inspiring one
another and always speaking of Him, they live in contentment and bliss at all times:
(MacchitthA madhgathaprANA BhOdhayantha: Parasparam
KaTayanthsccha Maam nithyam thushyanthi cha ramanthi cha).
- Bhagavath Gita Chapter, Slokam 5

BhAshyakArar explains the nature of their bliss as “ananya prayOjanam and
anavadhikAthisaya Priyam” (spontaneous speech filled with delight without any ulterior
motives and incomparably dear speech, which is unsurpassed in its love for the Lord).
Echoes of the nature of the DhaivI Sampath --arising from the full comprehension of the
anantha kalyANa guNams of Sri RanganAyaki with the use of Bhakthi SiddhAnjanam-- are
heard in the Bhagavath GithA chapter 16 and ThiruppAvai paasuram 25 “Thiruttakka
Selvam”. The fifth slOkam of the 16th chapter refers to this dhivya sampath:
dhaivI sampath vimOkshAya niBhandhAyAsuri mathA
Maa sucha: Sampadham dhaivIm abhijAthOsi PaaNdava

(MEANING):
The divine destiny (wealth) is deemed to lead to liberation, the demoniac wealth (aasuri
sampath as opposed to DhaivI sampath) leads to bondage. Grieve not, O ArjunA, You are
born to the divine destiny.
Bhattar uses the exact words of Bhagavath GitA 16.5 (underlined above) in His 11th
slOkam of GuNa Rathna KOsam, while elaborating on the greatness of DhanyAs, who are
able to comprehend fully the limitless auspicious attributes of MahA Lakshmi with Bhakthi
SiddhAnjanam.
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SLOKAM 13
HF4 Hl+l =¬6 ²|6 6 5¤lPr 4l BP |&—
~l-! ~lB ± 4r P G46 6l ¬ HlGl+ HlGP ·
²7 T|¾=¬6 ²|6 4- 9l 69 B ± 7±-
F6 ¬ t4tT 9|6P|¤=¬l4 ¬¹¾l+ 4lT-+

asyEsAnA jagatha iti tE adhImahE yaam samruddhim
SrI: ! SrI sooktam bhaumukhayatE tAmm cha sAkhAnusAkham |
EeshtE kascchij-jagata iti ya: pourushE sookta ukta:
tamm cha tvatkam patimadhijagou uttharascchAnuvAka: ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh LakshmI! The Upanishadic statement, “The consort of VishNu is the supreme
Goddess, Isvaree, to all the world” is elaborated in Sree Sooktha of each Vedhic branch; and
in the Utthara-anuvAkA, it is stated, “whosoever is declared in Purushasooktha as the Lord
ruling over this universe is the husband of Bhoomi DEvi and Lakshmi”. All this emphasizes
that the Lord NarAyaNA is the unquestioned ruler and You, the Empress of the whole
Universe.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY DR.V.N.V:
Oh PirAtti! TaittirIya Samhithai (4.4) declares “asyEsAnA jagatho VishNu
Pathnee” (PerumAl's consort is the Empress of all the worlds). This Your Isavrithvam (being
an Empress) and aisouryam (unlimited VibhUthi) is saluted multifold in every brach of the
vedAs. Further, Purusha Sooktam praising Your Lord's glories states clearly: “Purusha
yEvatham Sarvam! yath BhUtham Yaccha Bhavyam udhAmruthathvasyEsAnA:” (All these
are indeed Purushan! That Purushan is the Lord of ALL. He is indeed the Lord also for the
immortal and blissful Moksham). In addition to the above pronouncements, in the
uttharaanuvAkam of the above Purusha Sooktham, Vedam declares: “HrIsccha tE
LakshmIsccha Pathnyou” and “SraddhayAa dEvO Devathvam asnuthE” (BhUmi and
Lakshmi are Your consorts and You obtain Your status as Devan because of Lakshmi, Your
divine consort). Thus MahA- LakshmI's glories are loudly proclaimed by the blemishless
VedAs. He becomes Isvaran because of being Lakshmi Pathi in the first place.
In view of this Vedic evidence, we stick to our original statement made in the 9th slOkam:
Sriyam tvatthOpucchair vayamiha PaNAma: “(Oh Lord of Sri Devi! We assert that Sri Devi is
Superior to You in view of Her conferring Isvarathvam for You)”.
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“EeshtE kascchijjagatha: ithi ya: pourushE sooktha uktha:” (That One, who rules or lords
over the Universe as Isvaran) may not be found verbatim in the Purusha Sooktam, but the
essence of this statement is clearly found in Purusha Sooktham and the Upanishad passages.

ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS:
In the previous slOkam, Bhattar had incorporated text from Srimath Bhagavath GithA to
extol the greatness of Sri RanganAyaki. In this slOkam, Bhattar includes exact text from
TaittirIya Samhithai (asyEsAnA JagathO VishNu PathnI:) and refers to Sri Sooktham,
Purusha Sooktham passages and Upanishads contributing evidence to MahA Lakshmi
conferring Isvarathvam on Her Lord by being His consort. Bhattar uses these evidences and
diplomatically concedes that Sriman NaarAyaNan is the undisputed Ruler of this Universe
and Sri RanganAyaki is the Empress of the very same Universe.
Thayar- Nagamangala
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SLOKAM 14
After citing passages from Bhagavath GithA, Vedam and Upanishads earlier as
pramANams for the status of MahA Lakshmi as the Empress of the Universe, conferring the
status of Isvarathvam to her Lord, Bhattar refers to UpabrumhaNams (IthihAsa PurANams)
as clinching evidence now for this view in slOkam 14:
77 4lr Ft4lP 9|+97Bl4lr + Tl |+4-×l—
~lPãlPl4TP|9 9¹ 9l|T|6 t4¬|¹× ·
FP6l ¹l 5FP=+|+ ! 46P B |6rlB - 9 ¹lT -
|+ -4 4 7l+|9 ¬ 66P t4-P|r¹|V 9PlTP +

uddhbAhusthvAm UpanishadasaavAha naikA niyanthrIm
SrImath RaamAyanamapi param prANiti tvaccharithrE |
smartArOssmajjanani yatamE sEthihAsai: PurANai:
Nithyur VedA napi cha tatamE tvannmahimni PramANam ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N.VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
It is not as though the Upanishads and Purusha Sooktam alone declare in this manner,
Your superemacy, raising their arms high to proclaim with a great force. Sreemath
RaamAyanam too acknowledges to having been composed as a praise of SeethA's life;
indeed, it sustains its life-breath from You (MahA LakshmI). Smrithi authors too, had to
derive declarations of Your greatness from the VedhAs, aided by IthihAsAs and PurANAs.
ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY DR.V.N.V:
It is not only the Upanishads and Purusha Sooktham that raise their hands and declare
that You (Mahaa lakshmI is SarvEsvari. Indeed Srimath RaamAyanam, the most prominent
among IthihAsams sustains itself by eulogizing Your Mahimai. Sage ValmIki attested to that
with the statement: “SeethAyA: Charitham mahath” (SeethA Devi's charithram is indeed
great). At the surface, Sreemath RaamAyanam may appear as the story of RaamA. The deeper
purport of Sreemath RaamAyanam is the eulogy of the glories of SeethA PirAtti. Why? It is
because even the Lord's mercy becomes fulfilled by the PurushakAram of SeethA pirAtti.
Oh My Mother! All the creators of Smrithis unanimously declare that VedAs have become
PramANams with the help of the IthihAsams and PurANams. Oh RanganAyaki! VedAs are
PramANams for Your vaibhavam. The foundations for the vedhams as PramAnams are the
UpabruhmaNams like IthihAsam (Sreemeth RaamAyanam) and Saathvika PurANams.

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ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS:
Raising one's hands in an assertive gesture to attest to the truth of the matter is an
accepted fact. For instance, DhvAdasa Naama Panjara sthOthra slOkam attests to the
greatness of Kesavan (the Lord) with raised hands:
“sathyam Sathyam Puna: Sathyam UDDHDHRUTHYA BHUJAM UCHYATHE
VedA: Saasthram param naasthi na dhaivam KesavAth Param”

Bhattar points out that the Upanishads and Purusha Sooktham attest to MahA Lakshmi's
greatness with their arms raised in this slOkam (uddhbAhusthvAm Upanishada-saavAha
naikA NiyanthrIm).
The important role played by IthihAsams to elaborate on the terse statements of VedAs to
understand fully the meanings of Veda manthrAs makes the IthihAsam as a great authority.
Bhattar points it out here and takes the IthihAsam of Sreemath RaamAyaNam as an example
in this context to attest to the unquestioned glories of Sri RanganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi).

The greatness of the IthihAsams is described in MahA Bharatham itself:
yO vidhyAth chathurO VedhAn SaangOpanishadhAn dhvija:
na chAkhyAnamidham VidhyAth naiva sa syAth vichakshana:
(MEANING):
A brahmin, who is not versed in IthihAsA, but only in the four VedAs, VedAngAs and
Upanishads is NOT a learned at all.
IthihAsams have been described as “Saasthra Saaram”. MarkaNdEya PurANam pays
tribute to IthihAsam (MahA Bharatham here) this way: “This world has been sanctified and
has been made free of impurities by the floods of the holy words of VyAsA, descending from
the high mountain of the VedAs, and cutting at the very roots the trees of false and perverted
DharmAs”. What is being said of Sage VyAsA's IthihAsam is equally applicable to Sage
Vaalmiki's IthihAsam, Sreemath RaamAyaNam, cited by ParAsara Bhattar in this slOkam.
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SLOKAM 15
In the fifteenth slOkam, Sri Bhattar points out the assembly of the greatest wealth and
auspiciousness in this world are but a miniscule portion of Sri RanganAyaki’s immeasurable
wealth and auspiciousness.
The fifteenth slokam carrying these thoughts is as follows:
HlT… ¤lP |+4lPTl7|9 |4¬l ¹lB4 |+4l rTl6
9 H4 4|7rl ¬¹l ¬¹ ¬ T ~l¹ñ¬6 - |94 ·
6 ñ Pñ¬P 774¬ ¬|¹P46 9 '4 9 +- 9l4+
¤-4 4¬77¾ 4l¬T¬ 4F6 9¾9l- |49 9- +

aakugrAma niyamakAdapi vibhOrAsarva nirvAhakAth
isvaryam YadihOtthara-GuNam Srirangabharthu: priyE! |
tungam mangaLam ujjvalam garimavath puNyam puna: paavanam
Dhanyam yatthadhasccha veekshaNabhuvastE panchashA viprusha: ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N.VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Dear Consort of RanganAthA! Starting from the headship of a cluster of villages,
going to the seat of BrahmA, who presides over a vast world,
the affluence and power authority,
the mammothness of Mount Meru and the like,
the lustrous gem stones of great value,
the heavy HimAlayAs and similar mountains,
the potent rituals coming under the class of DharmAs,
the holy Ganges, similar rivers and centers which confer sanctity,
and, in short, all things coming under the category of lucky, luck-conferring and blessed
ones-- all are but equivalent to five or six drops in the fountain flow (KatAksha PravAham)
from you. YOU ARE THE SOURCE SPOT FOR ALL THAT IS GOOD, HOLY AND
AUSPICIOUS.
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ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS:
Here, Bhattar praises the VaNmai (power) of the KatAksha VeekshaNyam of Sri
RanganAthan's dear consort. Bhattar, who wrote a brilliant commentary on Sri VishNu
Sahasra Naamams might have the following Sri LakshmI Sahasra Naamams in mind, to bring
out these thoughts while he composed this slOkam:
(PraNavam) MahA VibhUthyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Sakthi NaayikAyai Nama:
(PraNavam) BhOkthru Sakthyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Sarva RasAyai Nama:
(PraNavam) AparimithAyai Nama:
(PraNavam) SubhAvahAyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Dhana Lakshmyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Svasthi Karyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Raajya Lakshmyai Nama:
(PraNavam) BhUmAyai Nama:
(PraNavam) MangaLa DevathAyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Raaja Sriyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Veda Sriyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Deva Sriyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Nija Sakthyai Nama:
(PraNavam) Sarva MangalAyai Nama:
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SLOKAM 16
The Power of Sri RanganAyaki's Eyes
9Tl P ±l69×9¬¬P|T¤TltTl|¹Pl |¬P + !4l
†-4²-6l4=F¤l + ¬T4|6 + 6l+ 4t¬T ¬l |T9l¬l+ ·
4¬FP |6U6 5-4- T 9TPH¹Tl 7H 4+ 7-69= ±l
6¬ ~l¹ñ¹l=9T|4|+ ! +4+l 7|¾6-4|¾6l-4lP +

yEkO mukthAtapathra prachala-maNi-gaNAth kaarimoulir manushyO
dhrupyadh danthAvaLasthO na gaNayathi nathaan yathkshaNam kshONipAlAn |
yatthasmai thishtatEnya: krupaNamasaraNO darsayan dhanthapankthee
tatthE SrIrangarAja praNayini nayanOdhanchitha nyanchithAbhyAm ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHADESIKAN:
Two extremes of status in worldly life can be imagined for an illustration. One person sits
proudly with pleasure on an elephant, the pearl-studded royal umbrella causing a dashing of
the dangling bells on the crown creating a pleasing jingle; a long row of royal personages
bend before him in homage; he will feign a look of total unconcern; he will have nothing but
disdain for them.
In contrast, another man, utterly helpless, half-clad, standing pathetically with exposed
teeth, may be visualized as the very personification of indigency --the exact opposite of the
first person!
The two are in strong contrast. The first had received Your distinct eye-glances, a great
blessing. But to the latter, You had closed Your eye-glances.
This is the only explanation for the contrast in situation between the two people.

ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS
Sri ParAsara Bhattar describes the distinct impact of one (Yeka:) who was blessed with
the KaTaaksham of Sri RanganAyaki and the other (anya:), on whom She had closed Her
eyes. The first one is fortunate and is on top of the heap of Isvaryams as a result of the
LakshmI KatAksham. The other is at the bottom of the vale of poverty.
The fortunate one sits on the back of a royal elephant under the pearl studded umbrella
and the majestic movement of the elephant makes the gems on the crown jostle with each
other and creates a nice sound. The vassal kings bow to this fortunate one and he in turn acts
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as though he does not see their bent heads out of his haughtiness and Isvarya garvam.
The unfortunate one, who did not have the benefit of the glances of Sri RanganAyaki
falling on him is a destitute and anaadhai (“RakshakAnthara-Rahithan”) and has no one to
seek as his protector. He has tattered clothes and shows his teeth in a mode of begging before
the fortunate one riding on the royal elephant.
Such is the contrast between the one blessed with the soubhAgyam of Sri RanganAyaki's
katAksham and the other who was not that fortunate.
Sri ParAsara Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as “SrirangarAja PraNayini /
Ponnarangar Kaathali” and explains that the difference in the status of “Yeka:” and “anya:” is
due to the first one receiving Nayana katAksham and the other one failing to receive it
(nayana sankOcham).
The first half of the following seventh slOkam of Sri Sthavam of KurEsar is the reference
point / inspiration for the son (Sri ParAsara Bhattar) in composing this slOkam:
Isvaryam mahadhEva vaa alpam athavaa
dhrusyEtha pumsAm hi Yath
TallakshmyA: samudheekshaNAth tava yatha:
saarvathrikam varthathE ----

(MEANING):
Oh Sri Devi! We are not surprised that the abundance of the wealth or utter poverty
associated with the human beings is only due to the casting of Your side glances on them or
due to the absence of such glances falling on them. (KurEsar goes on to say that even Her
Lord Sriman NaarAyaNan considers Himself blessed by those auspicious glances falling on
Him/ NaarAyaNa: api tava EekshaNAth svAthmAnam dhanyam manyathE).
Such is the power of the Nayanams of Sri Ranga Naayaki!
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SLOKAM 17
This slOkam continues to salute the auspicious power of the glances of Sri RanganAyaki
(MahA Lakshmi):
¹|6P |6B¹F46l¤ |6BP |&|B|&|~4-
B ¤lB|G! 46l P G |¬¬|¬9 ¬4 H ¬6l ·
66l P GP¤ |-7¹ ! 4r P GlPr 9 |4 Tl
|4¬lG ¬ 4H47l- 9|¹4r|-6 T¬T9l- +

rathirmathi SarasvathI Dhruthi Samruddhi Siddhi Sriya:
SudhAsakhi ! yathOmukham chichalishEth tava bhrUlathA |
tathOmukham aTa IndhirE ! bhaumukhImahampoorvikAm
vighAhya cha vasamvadhA: parivahanthi kUlankashA: ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DEIKAN:
Oh MahA Lakshmi! You appeared on the world-scene once along with nectar! In whose
favour. Your brow-bending and brow-movement are directed, in his favour, all
auspiciousness, (i.e.), affection, intellectual perception, the Muses of oral delivery of thought,
fortitude, prosperity, success in efforts, wealth -- will flow in competing with each other. All
these will flood to him, breaching the banks too, in such a torrential flow.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN
Professor K.S. NarayanAcchAr in his introduction has commented that the first 8 verses of
Sri GuNa Rathna kOsam (SGRK) houses the prayer of Sri ParAsara Bhattar to Sri
RanganAyaki to be at the center of his inspiration to compose this sthOthram about Her
multi-faceted auspiciousness and glories (thvamEva Bahumukhasya VaaNI vilasitham--
slOkam 8).
From verses 9 to 18, Bhattar focuses on the celebration of Her glories on the basis of
Sruthi and Smruthi pramANams and identifies Her to be at the epi-center of all that is
auspicious (MangaLam MangalAnAm as Swamy Desikan is going to point out later following
Bhattar's foot steps).
Paraphrasing Sri VishNu PurANam, one can ask: “nisrIkANAm kutha:SarasvathI
Dhruthi Samruddhi Siddhi Sriya:?” Sri VishNu PurANam passage asks: “NisrIkANAm
kutha: Sathvam?” We can extend this line of thought and query: “How can any other deity
have MahA LakshmI's auspiciousness, existence, stability, endurance, wealth, nobility,
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intellectual power (mEdhA)?”
Her limitless glories are celebrated through Her many Vedic Names such as “MEdhA,
SvAhA, AmbhrANi, IndirA and KalyANi, UdhArA, dEva-JushtA”. As Sri
VeerarAghavAchAryA points out, the Vedam in SrI Sooktham, SraddhA Sooktham, mEdhA
Sooktham, Utthara NaarAyanam, KoushIthakI BrAhmaNam et al celebrate Her matchless
Sakthi. The PurANams follow the lead of the Vedams: “SakthInAm chaiva SarvasAm
yOnibhUthA ParA KalA”. Her limitless Mahimai is thus celebrated.
The 18th slOkam of SGRK of today is focusing on Her being the Sakthi behind all
auspiciousness, wealth and every noble achievement. The 18th slOkam is the elaboration of
the key passage in Sri Sooktham: “YasasA JvalanthIm” (One who shines with the fame as the
fulfiller of all wishes of those, who seek refuge in Her: “SarvAbhIshta- prApaNa KeerthyA
jvalanthim”).
Sri RanganAyaki is addressed in this slOkam as “Rathi and Sudha-Sakhi and IndirA”.
Her MaadhuryAth- Madhurathamathvam and JagajjIvana hEthuthvam are indicated by these
choice names according to the commentators. Her nature as the Sweetest of the Sweet and
life- rejuvenating nectarine glory is referred to here. She was born along with nectar during
the churning for Amrutham from the milky ocean. Hence, She is addressed as “SudhA
Sakhi”. Her great affection for those, who seek Her is hinted by Her Name “Rathi” (preethi).
Whenever Her creeper like eye brows and the glances under them fall on a fortunate one,
then JnAnam (mathi), Veda Vaak (Sarsvathi), Dhruthi (Fortitude, Courage), Samruddhi
(Prosperity, Opulence), Siddhi (Success, accomplishment), Sriya: (any virtue or excellence,
the three human purushArthams: Dharma, Artha and KamA).
“YathOmukham (tava) BhrUlathA chichalishEthEva, tathOmukham BahumukhI aham
poorvikAm parivahanthi” is the statement of Sri ParAsara Bhattar in wonderment. Whichever
direction, the eye brow and the glances of Sri RanganAyaki falls even for a moment, in that
direction flow all of the above auspiciousness in a torrential fashion (like a flood breaking the
river banks) and competing with each other to bless the fortunate one. Those blessings flow
in many ways (Bahu mukham or Bahu prakAram). They fall over each other to arrive first
(ahamahamikA, aham pooravm ithi). Those swift streams of auspiciousness flow and drench
not only the person fortunate enough to be the object of those glances, but they extend to
“puthra, pouthra, Sishya, Prasishya paryantham (parivAhayanthi)”. They reach out to the
progeny, the next generation, disciple and the disciple's disciple. Such are their lasting power.
The power of the flood of boons is compared to the power of the swollen waters of a river
tearing down the banks of that river (koolankasha:). These boons are obedient to the will of
(vasamvadhA:) MahA Lakshmi. They are submissive to Her will. To sum it up, all the
abundant auspiciousness and wealth (Sarva sampadhAm) arise from the play of the glances of
MahA Lakshmi (LakshmI BhrUlathA vilAsa prasAraabhimukha jangAlathaa).
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SLOKAM 18
Br |F¤¹9|¹×B¤=|4|¹¾+l|T¾+ -
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T³l¬6T9 ¬4l F64 |r ¬|÷P ! 6¬l'74P+

saha sTira parithrasa vraja VirinchAnAkinchanai:
anOkaha Bruhaspathi prabala viklaba prakriyam |
idham sadhasadhAthmanA nikhilamEva nimnOnnatham
katAksha tadupEkshayOs-tava hi Lakshmi! TatthANDavam ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
One finds a variety of contrasts (differentiators) in this world. There is an acme (summit)
and there is a nadir (bottom). BrahmA, who is at the top of authority and power, Bruhaspathi,
the storehouse of wisdom are mighty heroes compared to their opposites like a dumb tree or
animal or an ignorant dunce or a timid weakling.
How many contrasts (opposing dhvandhvams) are there in this world? So many ups and
downs in the social order --all these receive a simple explanation--the former secured Your
benevolent glances, which the latter missed.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN
This is the last of the set of slOkams (8-18) in which ParAsara Bhattar praises MahA
Lakshmi's Vaibhavam based on references to Vedam and Smruthis. He identifies Her with all
things that are auspicious and excellent (Unnatham) and points out that their auspiciousness
and excellence are derived from Her.
ParAsara Bhattar has derived inspiration for this slOkam from his father, Sri KurEsar's
ninth slOkam of Sri Sthavam:
lOkE vanaspathi Bruhaspathy taaratamyam
YasyA: prasAdha pariNAmam udhAharanthi
Saa BhArathI BhagavathI thu yadhIya daasi
thAmm DevadevamahishIm Sriyam AasrayAma:
(MEANING):
In this world, the differentiation from polar opposites like a tree and the great Deva Guru
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like Brahaspathi is said to result from the anugraham of the Goddess of Learning, Sarasvathi.
Bruhaspathi becomes a super intellect by Her grace. Even that revered Sarasvathi performs
kaimakryam for the devotees (adiyArs, TadhiyAs) of MahA Lakshmi. AdiyEn seeks as refuge
that divine consort of Sriman NaarAyaNan, the God of Gods.
Sri ParAsara Bhattar developed the Taaratamyam aspects between the Brahaspathi and
an insentient tree in the 18
th
slOkam and accounted for that mighty difference.
Sri KurEsar had stated in another slOkam that Isvaryam (Wealth), Soundharyam (Beauty)
and LaavaNyam, ManOhara Roopam and all other MangaLams are under the control of
MahA Lakshmi.
Here, Kuresar was following the revelation of Swamy AlavandhAr, who stated in one of his
SthOthra Rathnam SlOkams: “Jagath Samastham yadhabhAnga Samsrayam” (All this world
is under the power and influence of the moving eye brow and glances of MahA Lakshmi). If
those glances fall on one, then that fortunate one has an auspicious existence. When that does
not happen, inauspiciousness is the direct result. The polar opposites are a direct
consequence.
Sri NallAn Thirumalai RaamakrishNa IyengAr's Tamil translation of this verse is a
beautiful one:
peyarvana peyarkilAtha piramanE selvamillAn
uyar guru maranE maRRum uRupala muRREraRROr
uyarvana thAzhvana yaavum nalla theeyanavA unn-kaNN
ayarvininaruLin nOkkatthAdu ThANDavam ANangE !
Here, the nallathu (auspicious) and the theeaythu (inauspicious), the mighty and the
miniscule (lowest), the great dEva Guru and the dumb tree in the forest, the jangamam and
the sthAvaram, the wealth and the poverty --the origin of all these opposites are recognized to
arise from the movement (dance) or otherwise of the eyes of the divine damsel, MahA
Lakshmi.
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SLOKAM 19
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H'7l+l4¹T FBrUPT¹l ¬l-¬ ¬ 4FF44 6-
~l¹ñ H¹7 |4 ! 6 |4864 B T-9Pl+- |94-+

kaalE samsathi yOgyathAm chithachithOr-anyOnyamAlingathO:
BhUthaahamkruthi buddhi panchakaraNI svAntha pravrutthIndhriyai: |
aNDaan-aavaranai: sahasramakarOth thaann bhUrbhuva: svarvatha:
SrIrangRswara dEvi tE vihrudhayE sankalpamAna: Priya: ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
That day, the sentient and the insentient ones were closely intertwined; it is just then the
Lord, Your consort, decided to create. He created the five elements, the ahankArA, the
Mahath, the five organs of perception, the mind, the motor organs, the universe full of such
things, the seven boundaries around the world, the three worlds, BhU: Bhuva: and Suva:; the
many universes containing all these -- HE CREATED ALL THESE FOR YOUR SPORT.
He creates for Your pleasure. The Lord's creative action is only to subserve Your pleasure.

ADIYEN'S ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS
Five verses (SlOkams 19-23) extol Sri MahA Lakshmi's glories as “the Commander of this
temporal world and the other one beyond space and time and how these are Her grounds of
Divine Sport”
Our Lord creates everything with His sankalpam at the time after PraLayam. During
PraLayam, the sentient and insentient are attached to the Lord in an avyakthA form in tight
embrace. Upanishad describes this act of creation as: “sOakAmayatha bahUsyAm
prajAyEyEthi”. All of this creative initiative He undertakes just for MahA Lakshmi's pleasure
and enjoyment.
The chEthanam and achEthanam are in a shrunken state embracing each other as part of
the Lord's body during the time of Pralayam. The Lord has them all in His stomach as a
small child floating in the waters of primordial deluge. He decides to create to amuse and
entertain MahA Lakshmi. Naama Roopa prapancham comes in to being with His sankalpam.
Out of Moola Prakruthi arises MahAn and from MahAn, ahankAram comes into being.
AhankAram is of three kinds: Saathvika, Raajasa and Taamasa AhankArams. The Pancha
bhUthams (AakAsam, Vaayu, Agni, Water and Earth) arise. SaathvikAhankAram assisted by
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raajasAhankAram lead to the creation of Manas, five karmEndhriyams and five
Jn~AnEndriyams.
Swamy NammAzhwAr summarizes this creation through PanchIkaranam in one of his
ThiruvAimozhi Paasurams and makes a special appeal to Sriman NaarAyanan:
pongaimpulanum poRi-aiynthum karumEndhriyam aimbhUtham
ingi-ivvyuirEy pirakruthi maanankAra manangaLE --ThiruvAimozhi X.7.10
This is a ThirumAlirumchOlai Paasuram. Swamy NammAzhwAr requests the Lord of
ThirumAlirumchOlai (Lord SundararAjan) to do him a favor (Dr.V.N.V’s Translation):
“Your sportful action has spread a veil of MahA MaayA. What havoc it causes, I have known.
The five senses like sound, which thrive from their site and confuse the mind; the five sense
organs that are dragged by the former (manas); the five action-oriented limbs; the five
elements like earth; The prakrithi that unites with Jivan and spoils its functions. The Mahath,
that evolves from Prakrithi, that makes the soul go after senses; the ahamkArA, the next state
of evolution, which will make for a confusion between the physical body (as soul) and the
soul; the Manas, that then follows. Now, the play of all these on me is to be arrested. Please
therefore, efface them out of me now”. (The Lord acceded to Swamy NammAzhwAr's request
in a moment).
All these Our Lord Created for the pleasure of MahA Lakshmi and removed them from
Swamy NammAzhwAr at his request. Such is His Maayai!
Nachchiyaar Kolam
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SLOKAM 20
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SaBdhAdheen VishayAn pradarsaya vibhavam vismArya dAsyAthmakam
vaishnavyA guNamaayayAthma nivahAn viplAvya poorva: pumAn |
pumsA paNyavadhU viDambi vapushA dhUrthAnivAyAsayan
SrIrangEswari! kalpatE tava parihAsAthmanE kElayE ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N.VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Goddess RanganAyaki! The Lord, Your consort plays a mischievous deception on the
world beings. He does it for your pleasure! He projects the sense-objects (like color, sound
etc) before the beings, which are carried away by the MaayA of the Lord. The so-duped
beings are caught in the illusion-net. They fail to see the Lord's existence and the individual's
subservience to the Lord. All including Brahma are subject to this Maaya-effect. The
deception played thereby would recall to one's mind what forms part of certain social dramas:
a male being would put up a feigned woman-like appearance, which would successfully
seduce adulterers, who would madly pounce upon the woman-character. The sentient ones
chasing sense-elements are only like this. And the Lord does it for Your delectation.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN
Here what the Lord does to entertain His divine consort in the temporal world is alluded
to. Oh RanganAyaki! The Adhi Purushan Sri RanganAthan has the power to perform some
deeds for Your pleasure. He shows the chEthanams Sabdha-sparsa roopa-rasa-gandhA
vishayams and thus casts His MaayA over them, which makes them forget that He is the
Sarva Seshi and they are His DaasAs/Seshaas. This MaayA of Your Lord is not easily
overcome and this He Himself points out in His Bhagavath Geethai slOkam: “dhaivI
heyEsha guNamayI Mama MaayA durathyayA”. The deluded chEthanams forget their
Seshathvam /Daasyathvam.Even Chathur-mukha BrahmA is not above such delusions. Your
Lord does all these leelAs for Your pleasure. He is head over heels in love with You and
performs His leelAs to amuse You.
AchArya RaamAnujA in His GeethA BhAshyam explains that The MayA of the Lord
consisting of the three GuNAs (Satthva-RajO-Tamas) is created by Him as the Supreme Lord
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for purposes of sport (KreeDA pravrutthEna). This MaayA is divine in power (Dhiavi) and
threfore is difficult to overcome (dhurathyayA). This MaayA of the Lord is “absolutely real”
and it obscures the essential nature of the Lord for the ChEthanams (Bhagavath Svaroopa
TirOdhanam).
The chEthanam gets enchanted by the MaayA of their Lord and forget their svaroopam as
Dasans for the Lord and fail to enjoy His Swamithvam and His anavadhikAdhisaya aanandha
Svaroopam (His nature of boundless Beatitude). Sri RanganAyaki is intrigued and amused by
the power of Her Lord's MaayA. She is relieved, how ever, when Her Lord teaches the
chEthanms as how to free themselves from His powerful MaayA. He points out: “MayyEva
yE prapadhyanthE MaayAmEthAm taranthi tE”. Those who take refuge in Me alone shall
pass beyond this MaayA of Mine consisting of the three guNAs.
Sri Deivanayagan with Sri Varamangai Thayar
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SLOKAM 21
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6|ã!Tl - 9¹P 97 64 T 6 Pl6FBPlVl|B9 - +

YaddhUrE manasO yadhEva tamasa: pArE yadhadhyadhbhutam
yathkAlAth-apachElimam SurapurI yadhgacchathO dhurgathi: |
saayujyasya yadhEva soothiraTavA yaddh-dhurgraham madhgirAm
tadh VishNO: paramam padham tava kruthE Maatha:samAmnAsishu: ||

Having dealt with the elaborate activities (Leelais) of Lord RanganAthan in LeelA
vibhUthi to please and amuse Sri RanganAyaki in previous two slOkams, Bhattar turns his
attention now to Nithya VibhUthi and what he does there to enhance His Devi's pleasure
there.

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh RanganAyaki! My Mother! Knowledgeable scholars declare that the VaikuntalOka too
is designed for your pleasure only. The features in respect of this world of Bliss are:
It is not conceivable by our mind.
It is far away transcending all material worlds.
It is a marvelous world offering ever-new wonders, every moment.
It is not subject to the ravages of Time.
In comparison to that world, even Svarga-like worlds would just be equal to hell.
It is in that haven that Saayujyam (being identical in all respects) is secured for the
liberated souls.
Why harp on its (Sri Vaikuntam's) greatness? It is inconceivable even to my intellect,
which has acquired great power by the mere reason of your grace.
That superb world, SrI Vaikuntam has been reserved for the Lord's enjoyment with You
(by the Lord)! This Paramapadham has been created for your bhOgam.
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ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS BY ADIYEN:
Sri Bhattar describes Sri Vaikuntam as the birthplace of Saayujya Moksham for the
Muktha Jeevan following the Sruthi passage: “Niranjana: paramam Saamyamupaithi”. He
extols the glories of that SrI Vaikuntam created for the BhOgam of MahA Lakshmi by Her
doting Lord. Sri V.N. VedAntha Desikan has pointed out this slOkam is an echo of number of
slOkams (39-45) of KurEsar's Sri VaikuNta Sthavam and selected passages from Bhagavath
RaamAnujA's SrI VaikunTa Gadhyam. adiyEn will elaborate on these source slOkams now.
The descriptions of the Parama Padham by AlavandhAr, RaamAnujA and KurEsar are
inspired by Sruthi Vaakhyams, VishNu PurANam and Hari Vamsam passages as pointed out
by U.Ve. VidvAn ChEtlUr SrivathsAngAcchAr Swamy in his scholarly commentary on Sri
Vaikunta Sthavam. We will refer to some of these passages as well.
The inconceivability of Sri VaikunTam by the mind: “yath manasO dhUrE” is Bhattar's
words to indicate the VaachamA ghOcharam aspects of Sri VaikunTam. This is an echo of
AchArya RaamAnujA's description of Sri VaikunTam in Sri VaikunTa Gadhyam:
“BrahmAdhInAmapi Vaang-manasA-ghOcharE SRIMATHI VAIKUNTE”. This Nithya
vibhUthi is not conceivable by our mind or that of even Chathur Mukha BrahmA (manasA
dhUrE smarthum asakyam; asankOchanam). Its magnitude is inconceivable by the human
mind because it is hundreds of times even vaster than the gigantic Fourteen lOkams
belonging to the Lord's LeelA VibhUthi (KurEsar’s 39th verse of Sri Vaikunta Sthavam:
“Chathurdasa Jagath Yath aNDam, --tath susadhrusAni paras-sathAni”).
The Question arises as to why and for what purpose the Lord created the LeelA and
Nithya VibhUthi: “kasmai phalAya srujathIsa idham SAMASTHAM?”. Kuresar answered:
“kreeDa-vidhE: tava paricchadhathAm agacchan”. They became tools for Your (Lord's)
BhOga kirIDai according to Kuresar. The two VibhUthis created as His leelais according to
the son of Kuresar, ParAsara Bhattar are for serving as pleasure lands (BhOga SthAnam) for
His divine consort, MahA Lakshmi. That is the subtle agenda of the Lord! These VibhUthis
are to serve as IcchA VihAram for her (for her sport according to her wish).
This wonderful Sri Vaikuntam is beyond the Tamas-filled prakruthi manDalam according
to Bhattar (Tamasa: paarE yadh-adhbhutham). Tamas here refers to Moola Prakruthi. This
land of Sri Vaikuntam on the other side of VirajA river has been saluted by Vedic passages
(Rajasa : parAkE, Tamasa: parasthAth, sOadhvana: Paaram aapnOthi Tadh VishNO:
Paramam Padham). Bhattar uses the revelations of these Vedic passages to point out that Sri
Vaikuntam of unparalleled glory, created for the BhOgam of MahA Lakshmi, is free of rajas
and tamas.
Sri Vaikuntam is also eternal and is not affected by Time (Kaalam). Bhattar describes the
timeless, eternal aspect of Sri VaikunTam as “yath kaalaAdh-apachElimam --Tath VishNO:
Paramam Padham”. KurEsar described this changeless world of Sri Vaikuntam (beyond the
power of Kaalam to change its features) as “ApariNa padhAspatham”. Later, Swamy Desikan
elaborated further the timeless aspect of Sri Vaikuntam, where the Lord's sankalpam alone
changes things ( and not Kaalam ) this way in his Sri Sookthi, NyAya SiddhAnjanam: “Kaala
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Krutha karmAdhIna pariNaama mAthram hi tEshu nishEdhyam, na thu Bhagavath-
SankalpamAthramapi”.
Next Bhattar points out that Indra Lokam et al known for their wealth and pleasures are
equal to narakam, when they get compared to the matchless Isvaryam and BhOgam of Sri
Vaikuntam created by the Lord for His Consort, MahA Lakshmi (SurapurI yadh-gacchathO
dhurgathi:).
The second half of this slOkam is:
Saayujyasya yadhEva SoothiraTavA yadh-dhurgraham madhgirAm
Tadh-VishNO: Paramam Padham TAVA KRUTHE Maatha:samAmnAsishu"
KurEsar salutes this Sri Vaikuntam as “Ujjvalam Saayujyam” (the highest of Mokshams,
Saayujyam), where the Lord confers Saamyam in GuNams, Isvaryam, BhOgam to Mukthaas
and Nithyaas (except Jagath VyApAram). This is the ParamAkAsam (TeLi Visumpu of
Swamy NammazhwAr), VaishNavam (VishNu Svaroopam), adhisundaram (most beautiful),
adhbhutham (wondrous), TejOmayam, Parama Satthvamayam (Suddha Satthva-mayam),
Dhruvam (unchanging, kalangA perunahar of AzhwAr), and Tamasa: parasthAth (beyond
Moola prakruthi) according to KurEsar (SlOkam 41 of Sri Vaikunta Sthavam). KurEsar's son,
Bhattar, goes one beyond and identifies this wondrous Nithya VibhUthi as the birthplace of
Saayujyam (Saayujyasya yadhEva Soothi).
Next, Bhattar concedes that even his Vaak chaathuryam (brilliance of speech and
composition of poetry) resulting exclusively from the MangaLa KatAksham of Sri Ranga
Naayaki would not succeed in comprehending the great glory of the world of Sri Vaikuntam
(Nithya- VibhUthi) created by Her Lord for Her exclusive enjoyment (Yadh-dhurgraham
madh-girAm, Tadh-VishNO: Paramam Padham, TAVA KRUTHE Maatha:
SamaamnAsishu:).
adiyEn concludes on this slokam 21 of Sri Guna Rathna kOsam with the 45
th
slOkam of
Kuresar's Sri Vaikunta Sthavam, which extols the unparalleled glories of that land of Saayujya-
Moksham, “VishNO: Paramam Padham”:
nishkalmashai: nihatha janma jarA-vikArai:
bhUyishta Bhakthi vibhavai: abhavai:avApyam
anyai: adhanya purushai: manasApyanApyam
Vaikunta-naama Tava Dhama tadh-Amananthi
(MEANING):
The learned ones describe Your Supreme abode, Sri Vaikuntam, as the sthAnam
populated by those free of Kaamam, KrOdham (nishklamashai:), by those (the same) who do
not experience birth, death and changes caused by Time (Vihatha janma JarA VikArai:), by
those (the same), who have the vaibhavam as practitioners of either Bhakthi or SaraNAgathi
anushtAnams (BhUyishta Bhakthi Vibhavai:), by the same BhAgyasAlis, who never return to
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the karma BhUmi (abhavai:). Those who do not have such qualifications of BhUyishta
Bhakthi anushtAnam cannot even conceive this Sri Vaikunta SaamrAjyam with their minds
and will never reach it (anyai: adhanya purushai: manasaa api anApyam tadh-Vaikunta
dhAma naamam sthAnam). For the dhanya purushAs, it is avApyam and for the adhanya
purushAs, it is anApyam.
“Sri Ranganaayaki kELvan”
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SLOKAM 22
In this the 22
nd
slOkam, Sri ParAsara Bhattar continues to pay tribute to Sri RanganAyaki
as the Empress of the temporal world (LeelA vibhUthi) and the Eternal world beyond Space
and Time (Nithya VibhUthi).
The 22
nd
slOkam is one of the five slOkams of his SGRK (19-23) paying homage to Sri
Ranganayaki as the unique Empress possessing all facets of Isvaryam. The grand unifying
connection between the two VibhUthis, the Sarva Seshi (the Lord), the anithara Seshi (Sri
Ranganaayaki) and the rest of the world (the sEsha BhUthams of prapancham outside the
Dhivya Mithunam / Divine Couple) is elaborated here:
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~l¹ñ H¹7 |4 ! T 4¬T 9l|+4l G4¬ 44
H |9t4 9¹P- 9 Pl+ 9|¹T¹l G 6 64 F9l¹T +

hElAyAamakhilam charAcharmidam BhOgE VibhUti: ParA
dhanyAstE parichAra karmaNi sada Pasyanti yE Sooraya: |
SrI RangEswara Devi ! Kevala nirvAahya VargE vayam
SeshithvE PumAn ParikarAhyEtE tava spAraNE ||

MEANING BY DR. V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh Consort of SrI RanganAthA! This LeelA vibhUthi made up of varieties of movables
and immovables is there for your sport. The Superior possession, the Nithya VibhUthi, the
cherished heaven of NithyasUris, ever intent on serving you, is there for your enjoyment. We,
however, remain as your subjects here to be ruled by you, by reason of your extreme grace, for
which no cause can be adduced. The Supreme Lord serves the set-up as the SEshi, the
recipient for all services, from the SEshabhUthAs, who all else are.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY ADIYEN
The passages from Lakshmi Tantram that elaborate on the auspicious qualities of Sri
Devi has been invoked by Professor K.S. Narayanachar to comprehend the deep meanings
embedded in this slOkam:
"SruNOmi karuNAm vAcham, SruNAmi dhuritham sathAm, SruNAmi cha guNair-
visvam, SaraNam chAsmi Saasvatham, SarIram cha HarErasmi---"
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The auspicious (KalyANa) attributes (GuNams) arising from the etymology of the “SrI”
Sabdham (word) are:
She listens to the woeful prayers of Her devotees
She removes their sins out of Her matchless compassion
She extends the glories of the world and nurtures and nourishes them by Her kalyana
GuNams (Sru-VisthAram)
She is the eternal refuge of the World
She is the Body of Her Lord Hari
She is the object of devotional prayer by the dEvAs
She intercedes on behalf of Her devotees and appeals to her Lord to protect them
She causes the removal of the imperfections of Her devotees and grants them their wishes
She enlarges the powers, the glories and brilliance of Her Lord
She is the most auspicious-natured in her personality
She is the most blissful in Her personality
She is behind the process of word emanation in humans
She has Hari NaarAyaNan as Her own refuge
She is the refuge of all the World
These are “the special excellent doctrines” associated with Sri Devi in our SrI
SampradhAyam. She is next to the Lord in the ancient lineage of AchAryAs (AchArya
Paramparai ), who initiate us into ManthrArTams and SaasthrArthams and Tattva-Hitha -
PurushArthams. These are elaborated further in the DhvayAdhikAram of Swamy Desikan's
magnum opus, Srimath Rahasyathraya Saaram. AchArya RaamAnujA's saraNAgathi
Gadhyam also elaborates Her excellence with salutations like Bhagavan
NaarAyaNaabhimathaanurUpa -svarUpa-RUpa-- and saluted Her SvarUpa-RUpa-GuNa-
VibhUthis on a panguni Uttharam SErthi day at Srirangam.

VAAKYARTHAMS BY INDIVIDUAL PAADHAMS
In the first paadham of this 22
nd
slOkam, Bhattar points out that the LeelA VibhUthi and
the Nithya VibhUthi are for her pleasure, delight and enjoyment. Regarding LeelA vibhUthi,
He states: “hElAyAm akhilam charAcharam idham”. This entire universe and its sentients
and insentients are for Your play. Regarding Nithya VibhUthi, Bhattar points out that it is
also for Her enjoyment (bhOgE VibhUthi: ParA).

THE SECOND PAADHAM
In the second paadham, Bhattar states that the residents of parama padham of Her Lord,
The Muktha Jeevans and the Nithya Sooris perform kaimkaryam for her and thus attain an
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exalted state (DhanyAstE parichAra karmaNi SadhA). These SoorIs through their bhAgyam
of performing eternal kaimkaryam have the uninterrupted darsana soubhAgyam of Sri Devi
(SadhA pasyanthi Sooraya:) and Her Lord.

THE THIRD PAADHAM
After having dealt with the LeelA VibhUthi and the Nithya VibhUthi, Bhattar refers to the
ruler-ship role played by Sri RanganAyaki regarding the Bhaddha Jeevans of the world. In this
context, Bhattar says in the third paadham: “SrirangEswara DEvi! KEvala-KrupA nirvAhya-
vargE vayam”. Oh Consort of Sri RanganAthan! Regarding us, we remain your subjects to be
ruled by you due to your avyAja karuNai. Here Bhattar eulogizes Sri RanganAyaki's
adhiadhbutha karunai as nirhEthukam. This is the karunai of a supremely- caring Mother!
This avyAja karuNai is an “iyalpu” of our Mother Supreme, Sri RanganAyaki! This
nirhEthuka, avyAja karuNai reference here has to be understood as the one attribute that
defies our understanding and comprehension and not otherwise. Bhattar says that we, the
Bhaddha Jevans of this world belong to that category (vargam) of limited intellect, who
cannot fully comprehend Her limitless dayA.

THE FOURTH PAADHAM
In the final paadham, Bhattar sums up Sri RanganAyaki's abundant Isvaryam and Glories
this way: “SEshithvE Parama: PumAn parikarA heyEtE tava sphAraNE”. As Seshi, Lord
accepts His consorts' anithara SEshathvam and sets Himself up as the Seshi for Her and
becomes the recipient of all Her kaimkaryams to Him, while both serve as SEshi Mithunam
for all else (SeshabhUthAs like us, MukthAs and NithyAs). Her expanded and abundant
glories do not leave any one out including Her Lord .They all become her parikarams or
“uRuppukaL” (limbs or aspects of the Whole). The genius of the Vaak VilAsam of Sri
ParAsara Bhattar that describes even the Lord, who accepts His DEvi's anithara SEshathvam
as Her parikaram is extraordinary. After all, Bhattar was raised by the Dhivya Dampathis of
Srirangam!
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SLOKAM 23
In the 23
rd
slOkam, Sri ParAsara Bhattar salutes Sri RanganAyaki as “SrI RangEswara
gEha Lakshmi” and describes some unique aspects of Sri Vaikuntam that is ruled by Her and
Her divine consort, Sri RanganAthan.
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4l4l \4 t49¹l|=6 |6 |4|76l +lT 9¹ T |F¤6l ·
¬l4 ¹7 ¬ 6¬l ¬¬ P¬r+ FBl-ãl B ¤lF4|-7|¬-
~l¹ñ H¹¬ r¬|÷P ! 4 44l F6l ¹l=¤l+l— |4T- +

aaj~nAnugraha bhIma kOmalapurIpAlA phalam bhEjushAm
yaa AyOdhyEthi-AparAjitEti vidhitA naakam parENa sthitA |
bhAvair-adhbhutha-bhOga- bhUmagahanai: sAndhrA sudhAsyandhibhi:
SrIrangEswara-gEha-Lakshmi ! yuvayOstAm rAjadhAnIm vidhu: ||

MEANING BY DR. V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh Empress of the City-State of Sri Vaikuntam! The border-guards there are ferocious
executors of Your Lord's mandates, while they prove to be highly tender officials with respect
to law-abiding citizens-- thus their nature is an influenced version, depending on the type of
people encountered. This state (Sri Vaikuntam) is ever unassailable (AyOdhyA) and
invincible (AparAjithA); it remains far and above the outer skies; all the objects there are
sweet and delicious, affording admirable pleasure-experiences, arising from closeness and
dense accumulation. That state (Sri Vaikuntam) is known to be the kingdom of both of You
together!

ADDITIONAL OBESERVATIONS AND COMMENTS BY ADIYEN
The aprAkruthic nature of Sri Vaikuntam and the unique features of this extraordinary
City-State that is invincible and unassailable is described here by Sri Bhattar in consonance
with the Veda manthrams, AchArya RaamAnujA's Sri Vaikunta Gadhyam and KurEsar's Sri
Vaikunta Sthavam passages. Sri RanganAyaki is saluted by Bhattar as the Joint ruler of this
auspicious RaajadhAni of Sri Vaikuntam with Her Lord.
“Aaj~nA anugraha bhIma Komala purIpAlA phalam bhEjushAm” is the first paadham.
The dwAra PaalakAs of Sri Vaikuntam gates are described here. They will cause terror in the
minds of the enemies of the Lord and yet will bend over backward to serve with a smile those,
who are dear to their Lord. They are known for giving fierce commands (BhIma Aaj~nA) to
those VirOdhis of the Lord .They are also known for being tender in the treatment of the ones
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who revel in kaimkaryam to their Lord. The 77
th
slOkam of Sri VaikunTa sthavam gives a clue
to who these dear ones to the Lord are. In this slOkam, Kuresar wishes to join this ghOshti of
nithyAs and mukthAs dear to the Lord this way:
Kaimkarya nithya nirathai: bhavadhEka bhOgai: nithyairanukshaNa naveena
rasArdhra Bhaavai: nithyAbhivAnchitha paraspara neecha bhAvai: math dhaivathai:
parijanais-thava sangaseeya
These nithyAs and MukthAs-- treated with great reverence by the DhvAra PaalakAs of Sri
Vaikuntam-- are always engaged in serving the Lord. Their minds are always immersed in
enjoying the Lord's svarUpa-rUpa-GuNams. Their minds are drenched with the flood of
affection for the Lord. They wish to be the adiyArs of each other, while vying for kaimkaryam
to their Lord. These are the parijanams of the Lord, who Kuresar says are his own gods and
he expresses his longing to join this ghOshti. Such nithyAs and MukthAs are welcomed and
treated with reverence by the PurIpAlAs (DhvAra PaalakAs).
Those, who try to barge into Sri Vaikuntam without vinayam or anushtAna bhalam, are
brusquely ordered to leave by the very same DhvAra PaalakAs. They are commanded to exit
from the premises by the gatekeepers like Jayan and Vijayan in a fierce manner.
That Sri Vaikuntam protected zealously by the DhvAra PaalakAs is “bhEjushAm
Phalam”. It is the coveted fruit of Mumukshus. It is their parama prApyam (supreme abode
that is desired). Residence there as parama Padha Vaasis is the cherished goal of all mukthAs
and nithya Sooris.

THE SECOND PAADHAM
“yaa AyOdhyEthyaparAjithitEthi vidhithA naakam parEna sthitA” is the second
paadham. This Sri Vaikuntam is known as AyOdhyA as well as AparAjithA (Unassailable and
invincible). Vedam points out that this aprAkrutha lOkam (the world beyond prakruthi
maNDalam) cannot be won in battles (AyOdhyA) and can never ever be conquered in battles
(AparAjithA).
The Nikandu defines the Lord as AparAjithan with the power to rule over others totally
and that His actions cannot be obstructed by anyone at any time or by any means .The city-
state serving as the abode of such an AparAjithan becomes AparAjithA.
The Sruthi Vaakhyams used as PramANam by Bhattar ar: “DEvAnAm pUrayOdhyA;
vivEsAparAjithA: parENa Naakam nihitham guhAyAm”. Bhattar points out that dhivya
Lokam of Sri Vaikuntam is beyond Prakruthi Mandalam (ParENa naakam sthithA).

THE THIRD PAADHAM
“BhAvai: adhbhutha bhOga bhUma-gahanai: sAndhrA sudhaasyandhibhi:” is the third
paadham. This is an elaboration of AchArya RaamAnujA's Sri Vaikunta gadhyam passage:
“sarvathA anubhUyamaAnairapi apoorvavath aascharyam aavahathbhi:” The objects at Sri
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Vaikuntam are sources of nectarine experiences. They are most delectable. They are densely
linked aanandhAnubhavams. They yield unparalled delight during enjoyment. Even if one
enjoys them often, they are insatiable (aparyApthAmrutham). Sri Vaikunta Gadhyam goes
into rapturous lengths to describe these aanandhAnubhavams.

THE FOURTH PAADHAM
“SrirangEswara gEha Lakshmi! yuvayOstAm rAjadhAnIm vidhu:” is the fourth paadham.
This Vaikunta Dhivya Nahar is your capital. Both Of You as Dhivya Dampathis preside over
it. This is what the Vedic scholars describe.
The Gruha Lakshmi of Lord RangarAjA is saluted here by Bhattar as “SrirangEswara
gEha Lakshmi”. The 46
th
slOkam of Sri Vaikutna Sthavam salutes the joint ruler-ship of Sri
Vaikuntam by this dhivya mithunam: niravathi: vithya vibhUthi tava niyathA: samathItha
seemA lakshmI: tava niyathA priyA (Tath nithya vibhUthi: SamAthItha Seema LakshmI:
niyatha:) This RaajadhAni of Sri Vaikuntam of limitless glories is sEsha BhUtham for You as
well as to MahA Lakshmi of immeasurable kalyNa guNams (MaanAthitha praTitha
VibhavAM tasmai niyatha:).
From here on, Bhattar describes the Isvaryams enjoyed by Sri RanganAyaki at Sri
Vaikuntam with Her Lord.
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SLOKAM 24
From SlOkams 19-23, Bhattar paid tribute to Sri RanganAyaki as the Empress o the
temporal world(Leela VibhUthi) and the One beyond Space and Time (Nithya VibhUthi/Sri
Vaikuntam) and connected these two VibhUthis as Her BhOga SthAnam.
From slOkams 24-28, Bhattar develops the reasons why Sruthis as SvapramAnams do not
find it necessary to refer to Her separately each time they salute Her Lord as “Sath, Brahman,
JyOthi” et al. Their status as a Dhivya Mithunam (Divine couple) with “yEka SEshithva
YOgam is saluted by these slOkams. The first of this pentad of SlOkams celebrate the
ThirumAmaNi Mantapam, where the Dhivya Dampathis as inseparable Ones receive the
kaimkaryams from the NithyAs and the MukthAs:
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BTlT 7lF46 !TlT|¬69|¹T¹ - 9 |¬¹l+-7|+°+ - ·
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¹l+-7 TlT 4 ~l¬ ¬4|6 ! 4 44l ¹lr ¹lF¤l+¹¬P +

tasyAm cha tvath krupAvan- niravadhijanathA visrAmArhAvakAsam
samkIrNam dhAsya-thrushNA kalitha- parikarai: pumbhir-Ananadhanignai: |
snEhAdh-asTAnarakshA vyasababhir-abhayam Saarnga-chakrAsimukhyai:
AanandhaikArnavam SrI: Bhagavti ! yuvayOr-AhurAsTAna-rathnam ||

MEANING BY DR. V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh RanganAyaki! The Assembly-Hall (ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam) is the best among all
halls. It is the possession (Isvaryam) of both of You. It is commensurate in size, to Your grace
and its volume. It is also commensurate with the volume of persons, coming and resting in
mental peace, who hold in their hands the appurtenances of loving service such as ChAmarA -
-in their yearning for rendering all kinds of service to You Both. The Hall is full of such
rejoicing persons engaged in loving service to You Both.
These loving servants hold in their hands, the lovely umbrellas, the ChAmarAs, and other
service-aids. They are always informed by an anxiety and over-concern for their Master's
safety, though misplaced and unwarranted it might be. They stand there ready for rendering
service, not in the sense of an ordained duty, but as a loving act that would prove to be a
rapturous experience. These NithyAs and MukthAs have got to fear nothing in view of the
ever ready Nithyasoori weapons like ChakrA, SankhA, SaarngA and the like. They are the best
guards. They would not let any alien or dangerous element in. When they are all there, what is
there to fear? All are in eternal bliss. This is the picture of magnificent Hall you preside over
in the Lord's company.
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ADDITIONAL OBESRVATIONS BY ADIYEN
The AasthAnam of the Dhivya Dampathis is recognized as the magnificent, matchless
gem of an AasthAnam (AasthAna-Rathnam). The size of that AasthAna Rathnam is as huge
as the limitless krupA of Sri RanganAyaki. ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam is the Sabhai or
DarbAr of the Dhivya Dampathis. Guided by the Veda Vaakyam (ChAndhOgya Upanishadic
passage), “PrajApathE: SabhAm vEsma prapadhyanthE”, Bhattar describes that ocean of
bliss (ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam) as “aanandhikArNavam SrI Bhagavthi YuvayO: aahu:
AaasthAna Rathnam” in the fourth paadham of this slOkam.
That ThirumAmaNi MaNtapam is a delectable ocean of nectar (AanandhaikArNavam).
In this Fourth Paadham, Bhattar addresses Sri Devi (Sri RanganAyaki), as “Bhagavathi” to
remind us that She is shADguNya- Poornai just like Her Lord. He points out further that this
Aanandamaya arnavam (blissful ocean of nectar), which is the AaasthAna rathnam belongs to
both of them as revealed by the Sruthis (Bhagavathi! YuvayO: Aahu: AasthAna Rathnam).
In the first Paadham, Bhattar gives us an idea of the dimensions of that ThirumAmaNi
MaNTapam: “tasyAm Puri Thvath KrupAvath tvath dhayEva niravadhi- janathA-
visrAmArhAvakAsam nirvadhE: avadhi-soonyayA, asankhyAyA: janathaayA: janan
samUhasya visramArha: visrAnthi YOgya: avakAsa: antharam yasmin tataTOktham” is the
commentary of Sri Vatsya VeerarAghavaachArya. Just like Her limitless KrupA, the size and
dimensions of this ManTapam has no boundaries (avadhi-Sonyam). It provides the resting
abode for innumerable NithyAs and MukthAs as stated by the Sruthis.The first Paadham
housing the above rich thoughts is: “TasyAm cha Tvath krupAvanniravadhi janathA
visrAmArha avakAsam”.
The second Paadham is: “SankIrnam dhAsya-thrushNA kalitha parikarai:pumbhi:
aananda-nignai:”. The crowded assembly of NithyAs and MukthAs seen in that
ThirumAmaNi maNTapam are longing to perform kaimkaryam to the Dhivya Mithunam
with joy and are holding in their hands the Umbrella, fan and other objects for kaimkaryam.
Like Swamy NammAzhwAr had KrishNa ThrushNai, (vEtkai for KrishNA), these parijanams
of the Lord and the MukthAs have “Daasya ThrushNA” (unquenchable thirst for
Kaimkaryam). These PumAns or great souls are drenched in bliss (aanandha- nignai:) at the
thought of their kaimkarya sampath.
The Third Paadham is: “snEhAdh asthAna- rakshA-vyasanibhir-abhayam Saarnga-
chakrAsi-mukhyai:”. The seam or friendship or affection referred to here is the Premix for the
Dhivya MangaLa vigrahams of the Divine Couple by the great assembly of NithyAs and
MukthAs. They have the worries about any harm falling on the Divine Couple, although such
fears are misplaced and unwarranted (asthAna RakshA vyasanibhi:). This VyAkulam (klEsam
or Bhayam) is like that of PeriyAzhwAr, who sang PallANDu to the Divine Couple, when he
feared some harm coming Their way in this mortal world. In Sri Vaikuntam's Divine,
bejewelled hall, the presence of the PanchAyudhams of the Lord banishes any fear about
safety to the Divine Couple. The state of Abhayam is assured and every one is devoid of fear
(Bhaya rahitham).
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The great anubhavam of the Muktha Jeevan in the ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam is
described in exquisite detail in the 8
th
and the 9
th
chapters of Parama Padha SOpAnam of
Swamy Desikan can be enjoyed here.
“Serthi– Tharana”
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SLOKAM 25
In this SlOkam, Bhattar focuses on the couch, Adhiseshan on which the Dhivya
Dampathis are seated at the ThirumAmaNi ManTapam. It appears that Bhattar has been
inspired by the first two pasurams of KulasEkhara. In the first two paasurams of PerumAL
Thirumozhi, KulasEkharar visualizes AdhisEshan providing bed, seat and VidhAnam for the
divine coulpe “IruLiriya Sudar- maNikaL imaikkum neRRi” and “PaNamAyirangaL aarntha
Aravarasa PerumchOthi Ananthan”. That VidhAnam and the red flames of fire emanating
from the breath of AdhisEshan drive away all the enemies of the Lord. This is covered in the
first two paadhams of this slOkam.
Bhattar seems also has been inspired by ALavandhAr's first slOkam of ChathusslOki that
starts hailing the greatness of Sri Devi: KaanthastE PurushOtthama: PaNipathiSSayyaasanam
--- and concludes with wonder about his inability to fully comprehend and describe the
glories of Sri Devi (SrIrithyEva cha Naama tE Bhagavathi BhrUma: katham thvAm vayam?).
Swamy Desikan also describes brilliantly the Seat of the divine couple at the
ThirumAmaNi ManTapam in the final chapter (PrApthi Parvam) of his Parama Padha
SOpAna Rahasyam. Here, he salutes Sri Devi seated on AdhisEsahn with Her Lord as “Sarva-
prAkAra SamslEshi (as the Divine consort united with Her Lord in all aspects such as
SvarUpam, Vigraham and AvathArams)”.
In the PrApthi Parvam of Parama Padha SOpAnam (8
th
chapter: 8.16), Swamy Desikan
also salutes the Aasanam of the Lord (SenRAl KudayAm irunthAl SingAsanamAm),
AdhisEsahn, who is the exemplar of “asEsha-SEsha Vrutthi”. Swamy describes the fragrance
of AdhisEshan, who adds fragrance even to the “Sarva Gandhan”, his Lord seated with “vEri
mARAtha Poo mEl iruppAL” (Sri Devi, who has nithya vaasam on the lotus of never-fading
fragrance).
The beauty of AdhisEshan with PhaNA sahasram (thousand hoods) resembling
PurNEndhu MaNdalas (shining like thousand full Moons) is saluted. Swamy Desikan goes
on to describe the progress of the Muktha Jeevan to reach the Lord's proximity (athyantha
SaamIpyam) after receiving permission from the protective AdhisEshan.
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|4F6l4l +-6¬l ¬ 6T9|¹ +46l |4HP Tl69×P ·
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H-4l -4lã 6|+Ul¤+¹B¬r+l+ 7 |4 ! 4¤l|B ¬l ¬l+ +

tathra srak-sparsa-gandham sphurathupari- phaNA rathna-rOchir-vithAnam
VisthIryAnandha-bhOgam tadhupari nayathA visvamEkAtapathram |
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thaisthai: kAnthEna SAnthOdhitha-guNa vibhavai: arhathA thvAmasankhyai:
anyOynyAdhvaitha nishtA ganarasa gahanAn DEvi! bhadnAsi bhOgAn ||

MEANING BY DR. V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh Goddess RanganAyaki! Both of you are seated, in a majestic way on the AdhisEshA
couch. It has the pleasure of touch and the pleasure of flavour like a flower garland. The
canopy provided by AdhisEshan has also the provision of a thousand luminous lamps in the
manner of gems on his hoods. The Lord, the unquestioned ruler, enjoys there at, the innate
Bhagavath GuNAs, in the SaanthOdhitha dasai, as it is termed.
His sweet qualities transcend all counting operations. One can only vaguely contemplate
on them and cannot count or list or describe them individually .One thing (for sure) is certain.
He MERITS YOU by these qualities. You are His special Mate. You enjoy a one-ness with
your dear consort. Enjoyment by you both knows no TWONESS. It is a being of singular
unity that is to be reckoned at this instant. This state of both of being so absorbed in a state of
blessed bliss in terms of floods of delicious experiences that You generate for the Lord in that
state of Your suzerainty over all the Worlds is possible ONLY BECAUSE OF YOU. It is
appropriate that AzhwAr described your Lord as the fitting match for You (UnakkERkkum
KOla MalarppAvai). Here, the AzhwAr is focusing on MahA Lakshmi and how appropriate
She is as a match for Her Lord; Bhattar turns around and points out that the Lord is a fitting
match for MahA Lakshmi's anantha kalyANa GuNams, adhbutha Soundaryam and limitless
DayA. For Bhattar, The Lord comes next to Sriranga Naayaki/MahA Lakshmi.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN
Sitting under the canopy of AdhisEsahn, the Dhivya Dhamapthis are ruling the whole
world under one umbrella, as it were. YEka chathrAdhipathyam is implied. “Visvam
VibhUthi-dhvayam YekAdhipathyam” and “anyOnyam parasparam adhvaitha nishtayA
YEkibhAvEna paraspara ghADAnurAgENa nirvahathi” is the commentary of Sri Vathsya
VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy. They rule in unison the two VibhUthis (LeelA & Nithya
VibhUthis). With mutual intimacy and deep love for one another, they rule over the worlds in
an undivided manner.
Bhattar refers here to the Lord enjoying His innate GuNa Vaibhavams in the ShAnOdithA
state, while He is seated on the Aasanam of AdhisEsahn as the Joint Emperor of the World.
The fourth slOkam of Swamy ALavandhAr's ChathusslOki is very appropriate here to
remember the ShAnthAnandha MahA VibhUthi of MahA Lakshmi. Swamy ALavandhAr's
slOkam pays tribute to the SaanthAnatha MahA VibhUthi of the Lord and the yEkatattvam of
the Nithya samslishtaa Dhivya Dhampathis:
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ShAnthAnantha MahA vibhUthi Paramam yath Brahma rUpam HarE:
MUrtham Brahma TathOpi Tath Priyataram rUpam Yathadhyadhbhutham |
yAnyanyAni YathAsukham viharathO rUpANi SarvANi
thAni Aahu: svairanurUpa rUpa vibhavai: GhADOpagUDAni te ||
--ChathusslOki: SlOkam 4
(MEANING):
The most sacred Ubhaya VibhUthI Naathan, who is untouched by any blemish
(akhilahEya PrathyanIkathvam) and who is beyond any division by dEsam, Kaalam and
Vasthu (desa-Kaala-Vasthu paricchEdham) is Brahma-Padha Vaachyan. MahA Lakshmi
takes on the anuroopam (fitting match) for any roopam taken by this Dhivya Mangala
Vigraha Moorthy in Vibhavam and other states. In all these states, she does not leave Him
even for a fraction of a second (ahalahillEn yenRu AlarmEl Mangai Urai Maarbahn) and stays
united with Him in inseparable, nithya samslishta state. She stays like the fragrance in the
flower and like the radiance in the gems (BhAsakarENa PrabhA yathA). This is the GADOpa-
GUDAni state. She enjoys every measure of the leela rasams with Her Lord through
anuroopa-Roopa Vaibhavam.
The first two paadhams of the 25
th
Slokam covered the United ruler-ship of the Dhivya
Dhampathis under one Umbrella; the next two paadhams celebrate the ShAnthathva-Akhila
hEya PrathyanIkathvam and the Ananthathvam aspects of the Lord and the “anyOnya
adhvaitha nishtA ghana rasa BhOgam” of Sri RanganAyaki enjoying the Leela Rasam in a
state of inseparable union with her Lord.
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SLOKAM 26
In the 26
th
slOkam, Bhattar describes the complimentary relationship between Periya
PirAtti, BhU Devi and NeeLA Devi (Napinnai).
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bhOgyA VAmapi nAntharIyakathayA pushpAngarAgai: Samam
nirvruttha praNayAthi-vAhana-vidhou neethA: parIvAhathAm |
Devi! thvAmanu NeeLayA saha Devya:sahasram taTA
yAbhisthvam sthana bAhu dhrushtibhiriva svAbhi: priyam slAgasE ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh MahA Lakshmi! When the Lord and you are engaged in love sport, all the other
consorts including BhUmi and NeeLai would serve you and your sport, as subordinate
insentients (achiths), somewhat like flowers and sandal paste. They would not harbor any
jealousy. In fact, they serve to increase the quantum of bliss between you and the Lord.
On the other hand, I imagine the love sport that you engage the Lord in the ecstasy-flood
exceeds all bounds; one could say that the banks would be breached to entail the loss of
floodwaters. To protect the safety of a tank or dam, the overflowing water would be let out
through conduits by opening the floodgates. BhUmi and NeeLA Devis and other thousands
of consorts serve in this manner; they share in the excess pleasure so as to safeguard the tank.
This paves the way for a contented enjoyment of bliss, not entailing damage to the
storage. The participants remain intact without suffering harm.
In another interpretation, the reason for not having jealousy among the consorts of the
Lord is explained this way: OH MahA Lakshmi! When the Lord enjoys those other consorts,
You feel as if the Lord is engaged with Your sensitive organs for aesthetic satisfaction. Thus
all are assured of satisfaction, there being no scope for Saapathnya Kalaha BhAvam or
SakkaLatthi Kaacchal or asooyai.

ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS AND ELABORATION BY ADIYEN
Periya PirAtti and PerumAL are objects of enjoyment for the other Devis of the Lord like
BhUmi and NeeLA PirAtti. They take on the role of BhOga UpakaraNams such as Flower,
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Sandal paste etc and become indispensable for the enhancement of the Ananda anubhavam
of the Dhivya Dampathis.
Dr.V.N.V suggested that this slokam fits closely with Bhattar's nirvAham for the
Thiruviruttham Paasurams of Swamy NammAzhwAr (Paasurams 52) and the Poygai
AzhwAr's 42
nd
Paasuram. These two Paasurams deal with the reaction of BhUmi DEvi, when
She sees the Lord enjoying the bliss of Union with Periya PirAtti. Bhattar interprets these two
paasurams by placing BhUmi DEvi in the Upakarana GhOshti, when the Lord is united with
Periya PirAtti. This anubhavam inspired Bhattar to compose the 26
th
slOkam of Sri GuNa
Rathna Kosam is now being discussed.
Sri Thirumalai NallAn Raama Krishna IyengAr's Tamil translation of Bhattar's 26
th

Paasuram is beautiful to enjoy:
Iruveerkkum anubhavitthaRkku iniyarAhi
inRiyamayAthu malar Saanthu pOlap-
perukArkkum prEmatthin VeLLam kEdu
piRappiyAvAramaittha maRukALAi ninn-
poruvArkkum Puvi MadanthaiOdu NeeLai
pOnRa Aayiram DevimArkaLuLLAr
irupArkkum Vizhi Kongai kai koNDenna
yEnthalai neeyavarAlinpurutthi Devi!
Iruveerkkum refers here to BhUmi and NeeLA Devi in the context of the blissful union of
Periya PirAtti with Her Lord. BhUmi Devi and NeeLA Devi become indispensable
(inRiyamAyuthu) such as the two pleasure giving objects (bhOgOpakaraNams): like Flower
and Sandal paste (Malar Saanthu pOla). The flood of bliss overflows (perukArkkum
prEmatthin VeLLam). That should not endanger the bunds or the dam (VeLLam kEdu
piRappiYAvARu); a sluice is constructed to remove the pressures of the flood of
BhOgAnubhavam (VeLLam kEdu PiRappiyAvARu amaittha maRukAL). What are these
sluices that relieve the pressures of the overflowing bliss experience? They are BhUmi Devi,
NeeLA Devi and the thousand other consorts of the Lord in union with Periya PirAtti
(MaRukAlAi ninn- poruvArkkum Puvi MadanthaiOdu Neelai pOnRa Aayiram
DevimArkaLuLLAr). Oh MahA Lakshmi! When the lord enjoys His other Devis like BhUmi,
Neelai and others, you feel as if the Lord is enjoying Your sensitive organs of aesthetic
satisfaction (Vizhi Kongai kai koNDenna yEnthali Nee avarAl inbhurutthi Devi).
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SLOKAM 27
In this slOkam, Bhattar describes the unique enjoyment of Nithya Sooris/Saadya DevAs
in serving the Dhivya Dhampathis in Sri Vaikuntam.
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tE saadhyA: santhi dEvA Janani! guNa-vapur-vEsha-vruttha roopai:
bhOgairvA nirvisEshA: savayasa iva yE nithya-nirdhOsha-gandhA: |
hE SrI: ! SrIrangabharthustava cha padha- parichAravruthyai sadhApi
prEmapradhrANa bhAvavila-Hrudhaya haDAthkAra kaimkarya-bhOgA: ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
The Nithyasooris --also called Saadhya DevAs -- are exactly like the Lord in GuNAs,
Form, its non-material nature, behaviour nature and bliss without any difference. They are
ever flawless; they engage themselves ever in your service --I mean the service to Both of You
-- by compulsive force of their emotional force that compels service as a pleasure in itself, the
mind being filled with love of the Divine Couple and love of their service--they derive a
unique bliss. It is only such a voluntary loving service, which is free from stigmas. Elsewhere
one speaks of service to a person, whosoever he may be as a lowly job to be condemned.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS AND ELABORATIONS BY ADIYEN
Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as “JananI” or the Mother of the Universe. He
describes the joyous service (kaimkaryam) renderd by Nithya Sooris to Her and Her Lord In
Sri Vaikuntam. These Nithya Sooris are known otherwise as Sadhya DEvAs with their home
in Sri Vaikuntam.
Twice in Purusha Sooktam, we come across references to Saadhya DEvAs:
“Yathra PoorvE SaadhyAssanthi DEvA:”
“tEna dEvA ayajantha, SaadhyA Rishasccha yE”.
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar uses verbatim the Vedic Phrase: “SaadhyA: Santhi dEvA:” from
Purusha Sooktham. The commentary of Upanishad BhAshyakArar, Sri RanganAtha Muni for
the word “dEvA:” in Purusha Sooktham is as follows:
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“tE surA: parikeerthayanthE yE SurAlaya-vaasina:.
Vaikunta-Vaasina: Sarve SaadhyA dEvA: sameerithA:”
(Those who reside in Svarga lOkam of IndrA are called SurAs and those who reside in the
Vaikunta Lokam are recognized as SaadhyAs. The term dEvA: in Purusha Sooktham
identifies with the SaadhyAs or Nithya Sooris).
The SaadhyAs are somewhat different from Muktha Jeevans in that they never
experienced the bonds of Karma like the Bhaddha Jeevans. Nithya Kaimkaryam to the
Dhivya Dhampathis in Sri Vaikuntam is their whole way of life. They thrive from the
enjoyment of performance of Kaimkaryam and accept such kaimkaryam as Parama BhOga
anubhavam.
These SaadhyAs some times-- at the command of the Dhivya Dhampathis-- descend to
earth as AchAryans to redeem us. Examples of them in our Guru ParamparA in descending
order are:
Swamy NammAzhwAr (Nithya Soori VishvaksEna amsam)
AchArya Naatha Muni (Nithya Soori Gaja VakthrAmsar)
UyyakkoNDAr (JayathsEnAmsar)
ManakkAl Nampi (KumudAmsar)
AaLavandhAr (Nithya Soori Hari-VakthrAmsar)
Periya Nampi (KumudhAkshAmsar)
EmperumAnAr (AdhisEshAmsam)
ThirukkuruhaippiLLAn (Nithya Soori PrasaNDAmsar)
His sishyar, YengaL AzhvAn (VijayAmsar)
His sishyar, NadAdhUr AmmAl (Nithya Soori SubhadrAmsar)
His sishyar, ApuLLAr (Nithya Soori SuprathishtAmsar)
Swamy Desikan (ThiruvEnkatamudayAn's Bell)
His Sishyar, Brahma tantra Svatantra Swamy
His Mukhya Sishyar, KaDikAsatham AmmAL
His chief sishyar, Sri Adhi VaNN SathakOpar, who received sanyAsam from Lakshmi
Nrusimhan Himself.
This Guru ParamparA continues without break until now. The SaadhyAs incarnate here
(on Earth), complete the task assigned to them by the Divine Couple and hurry back at the
end to Sri Vaikuntam to enjoy the bliss of Nithya Kaimkaryam there. These are the SaadhyAs
that Bhattar has in mind.
In the first two paadhams of this slOkam, Bhattar provides additional proof for the
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Saadhya dEvAs being identical to Nithya Sooris. He describes them as “Nithya NirdhOsha
GandhA:” They have no blemish of Karma sambhandham whatsoever; in contrast, the other
Muktha Jeevans in Sri Vaikuntam had karma sambhandham in Bhaddha Dasai before
Prapatthi anushtAnam.
These Nithya Sooris (Saadhya dEvas) have six points of similarity to the Lord.
1. GuNam
2. dhivya ManGaLa Vigraham
3. vEsham /kOlam
4. Vruttham / Conductance without involvement with karmas
5. Svaroopam / Possession of Jn~Anam, Aanandham and Amalathvam
6. BhOgam or capacity to enjoy equally the dhivya dampathis' Isvaryam/VibhUthi.
The Brahma Soothram, “BhOgamAthra Saamya LingAsccha” refers to this identity in
enjoyment as the Lord and His consort. The only activities that the SaadhyAs and the
Muktha Jeevans do not have the power to enter into are the cosmic activities such as the
creation of the Universe, its protection and destruction. These cosmic activities reside
exclusively with the Lord.
Oh RanganAyaki! These SaadhyAs melt with joy over the opportunity to serve You both
and are servants of Yours. With a mind overcome by the power of serving you both, these
SaadhyAs identify their kaimkaryams as their Sole bliss (BhOgam). They are enslaved as it
were by the powerful bonds of affection to You both. They do not know any vrutthi
(occupation) other than Sesha Vrutthi (occupation as bonded servants) and are compelled as
it were by their own deep love and affection for You both as adhyantha Sesha bhUthALs.
Their prEmai for You both overpowers them and leads them to enjoy “HaDAthkAra
Kaimkarya BhOgam”. HadAthkAram means obsessive mode of behavior, where one is
helpless and they spend their time in such a blissful state of kaimkaryam to You both. The
powerful feelings of love for You both propel them with force (BhalAthkAram) to serve You
both and enjoy the bliss resulting there from.
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SLOKAM 28
Jn~Anandha SvaroopAya Jn~a sakthyAdhi SindhavE
BhandhavE Sarva lOkAnAm Sri NrusimhAya MangaLam
--Sri Lakshmi Nrusimha MangaLa SthOthra SlOkam of
HH Srinivaasa YathIndhra MahA Desikan of AhObila Matam (25
th
Pattam)
(All auspiciousness to the embodiment of Satya- Jn~Ana -Aanandha SvarUpan, who is
the ocean of dhivya Jn~Ana sakthi. All auspiciousness to that Lakshmi Narasimhan, who is
the friend and protector of the Whole world).
In the previous slOkam, the Kaimkaryam / KinchithkAram done by Nithya Sooris to the
Divine Dhampathis in Sri Vaikuntam was covered by Bhattar. There was an important reason
for it. Bhagavath-Bhaagavatha -AchArya kaimkaryam constitutes the heart of Sri
VaishNavam. It is the heart-felt desire and ultimate goal (PurushArtham) of all Sri
VaishNavAs to be the residents of Sri Vaikuntam (Kaimkarya SaamrAjyam) and perform
Nithya Kaimkaryam to the Divine Couple there in their Supreme abode (parama Padham).
The mind frame of Kinkaran (Sesha BhUthan) and YajamAnan (Master/Sarva SEshi/
Isvaran) has been described by our AchAryAs this way: The Kinkaran (Servant) asks the
Lord: “Kim KaravANi? Kim KaravaaNi?” (What kind of service adiyEn can perform to please
you both?) The most Merciful Couple command their kinkaraLs to perform the different
Kaimkaryams (services) to Them and when they get completed, They applaud the
Kaimkaryams with affection as pleased parents: “Kim KruthavAn? Kim KruthavAn?” (Oh
what a beautiful way in which you completed this Kaimkaryam for Us!). This is the
paraspara-abhimAnam and ManObhAvam between the Sesha- bhUthALs and SEshi
Dhampatis. The attitude of the Kinkaran while engaged in the Kaimkaryam should be like
“sEvA Svavrutthi:” (Like a humble and obedient dog performing the commands of its
Master). In this world, we perform AchArya and BhAgavatha Kaimkaryam with utter humility
and to the maximum extent of our capabilities to earn the Moksha SaamrAjyam to perform
nithya Kaimakryam in Parama Padham. That was the context of the 27
th
SlOkam of Sri GuNa
Rathna KOsam.
In the 28
th
slOkam, Sri ParAsara Bhattar focuses on another cardinal principle of Sri
VaishNavam (viz): “anithara SaadhAraNa SvAtantryam” of BhagavAn. This is about the
relationship between Him (Sriman NaarAyaNan) as “DHARMI” (PerumAL/YajamAnan)
and His “Svaroopa-nirUpaka DHARMAM” (Periya PirAtti). The “Dharmam” and “Dharmi”
are never conceived or spoken of separately. Their anyOnyam is what qualifies Him
(PerumAL) to be revered as “SRIYA: PATHI”. “Tvath Pathithvam Isavara
LakshaNam” (Being the Husband/Lord of MahA Lakshmi is THE Mark/LakshaNam of
Isvaran). Without that Sambhandham with Sri Devi, He is bereft of His identity (His
svaroopam is thus defined by Her union with Him as His PrAkAram). This is the Svaroopa-
Niroopaka Dharmam. The Commentator, Sri Vaatsa VeerarAghavAcchaar, says in this
context:
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“ayam Isvara: itheedhanthva vibhava:, Idhrusa Isvara itheeTAmthva Vibhaava:
UBHAYAMAPI THVAMEVA ABHAVA:” (This ISVARAN has such glories and He is of
this nature, both of these definitions arise out of this special relationship He has with You).
“santha: thvAm Bhagavathi dhrushtvA tvadhAsrayam Isvaram nisichanvanthi” (The
great Ones see You serving Your Lord as His obedient consort--sharing Your Lord's Six
powers as Bhagavathi-- and defining Yourself as His PrAkAram).
“Tvath Pathithvam Isvara LakshaNam Jaananthi” (These MahAthmAs recognize
immediately that being Your Lord provides Him the mark/status as Isvaran).
“SruthisthvAmapi tadh-anatharbhAvAth Bhagavath- svaroopa-niroopaka
kODAvanthrbhAvAth. pruTak Bhagavatha: pruTakkruthya. NaabhidhatthE na Vadhathi”
(Even the Sruthi/Vedam does not spell you out distinctly /separately --since you are
indistinct and inseparable -- from Your Lord. Thou art the Dharmi for His Dharmam
(Svaroopa Niroopakam). That is why they do not speak about you separately. You constitute
Him as a part of Him and you are anthargatham (inseparably blended into Him). You are the
auspiciousness behind all His MangaLams (MangaLam MangaLAnAm). You are the
sacredness behind all His sacredness (PavithrANAm Pavithram).
The 28
th
SlOkam containing these lofty and central doctrines of Sri VaishNavam based on
SanniyOga Visishta NyAyam principles developed later by Swamy Desikan in the Moola
ManthrAdhikaraNam of Sri Rahasya Thraya Saaram --as pointed out by Dr.V.N. VedAntha
Desikan --takes the following form: (it must be remembered that Sri ParAsara Bhattar's Ashta
SlOki and Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam provided the stimulus for Swamy Desikan's magnum
opus, Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram)
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Svaroopam SvAtantryam Bhagavatha idham ChandravadhanE !
tvadhAslEshOthkarshAth Bhavathi khalu Nishkarsha-samayE |
thvamAseermAatha:! SrI:! kamithurimitTam thvavibhava:
tadh-antharbhAvathvam na pruTag-abhidhattE Srutirapi ||

MEANING DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother MahA Lakshmi! Moon-faced (showering anugrahams on your dear devotees
with your nectarine glances resembling the cool rays of the Moon)! The Lord enjoys a
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reputation of total independence (Svaroopam SvAtantryam Bhagavatha:) that is characteristic
of (His) top supremacy, which however, is only a result of, and which can be understood only
on that basis of being Your Consort. You and Your association are the determinant-factors for
His Supremacy and independence. He cannot be known or defined or described or praised
except by reference to you. He derives His greatness by reason of your connection, your
continuous contiguity. This only means that You are the personification of, so to say, of the
Qualities of Supremacy, Independence, and Total Sovereignty etc. This is exactly the reason
for the VedAs not spelling you (Your GuNams) out distinctly --because You constitute His
qualities (GuNams), which are indistinct and inseparable from Him! You-- His attributes--
are part of Him. You are in Him as His Qualities. Hence, when He is spoken of and when
His qualities are understood, you are IPSO FACTO to be understood as the subject as much
as He (Your Lord).
Thiruchcherai Saaranayaki Thayar
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SLOKAM 29
In the previous slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar explained why the VedAs are not
eulogizing Sri RanganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi) separately. He explained that Sri RanganAyaki
constitutes Her Lord's Qualities, which are inseparable from Him. That is why, when He is
spoken about and when His auspicious attributes are referred to, it is to be comprehended
that She is as much the subject matter as He is.
In this 29
th
slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar goes one step further and points out that Sri
RanganAyaki's auspiciousness is SvaabhAvikam (innate) and the auspiciousness of the Lord
is a derivate of Her auspciousness (i.e.), He acquires His auspiciousness through His links
(sambhandham) to Her.
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tava sparsAdh-Isam sprusathi KamalE! MangaLa-padham
tavEdham nOpAdhErupanipathitham SrIrasi yatha: |
prasUnam pushyantImapi parimalardhim jigadishu :
na chaivam-thvA dEvam svadata ithi kascchith kavayatE ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh MahA Lakshmi! Auspiciousness informs the Lord only by reason of Your association.
There is no meaning in a question as to how You acquire it. It is your own natural attribute. A
flower acquires a reputation from its fragrance. No one can legitimately raise a question as to
how the fragrance itself acquires a reputation. Fragrance is a necessary characteristic of the
flower and is inseparable from it. So also are your auspiciousness, an inseparable, and
meaning of yourself. For You, This auspiciousness is innate; for Your Lord, it is acquired
form You!

ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS FROM DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh MahA Lakshmi! It is customary to use MangaLa Padham while referring to Your
Lord. For Instance, BhakthAs salute Him:
“MangaLam BhagavAN VishNu: MangaLam MadhusUdhana: |
MangaLam PuNDarIkAksha: MangaLam Garudadhvaja: ||
PavithrANAm Pavithram yO MangaLAnAm cha mangaLam ||
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The above MangaLa padhams used in referring to Your Lord arise from Your
Sambhandham. The above MangaLa Padhams really belong to You. They fit you perfectly.
In Your case, those mangaLa Padhams do not arise from any other connection. They are
Svatham (innate) and are NirupAdhikam (without any other dependence). This is
SvabhAvikam (natural) and not OupAdhikam (artificial or unnatural).
A case in point is Mallikai flower. We praise it for its fragrance. We do not get into
exploring reasons why it is fragrant. The fragrance of Mallikai or CheNpakam is an innate
attribute of these flowers. Similarly, Your MangaLathvam is NirupAdhikam. You are
MangaLa- Svaroopi. It is because of You and Your Mangalathvam (innate auspiciousness)
that Your Lord qualifies for MangaLa padha Vaachyathvam (Object of salutations with
auspicious Naamams).
Dr.V.N.V refers in passing to the 7
th
slOkam of Sri Sthavam of Swamy KooratthAzhwAn
and passages in Swamy Desikan's Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram (DhvayAdhikAram) to
illustrate Her NirupAdhika mangalathvam (innate Auspiciousness). AdiyEn will elaborate on
those two references below.

ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS/COMMENTS
Swamy Bhattar points out that it is but natural that the Lord is addressed by MangaLa
Naamams because of His Sambhandham to His divine consort possessing such innate
kalyANa GuNams.He says that the flower with captivating fragrance is not questioned by the
poets as to where its fragrance came from. How can the poet succeed in finding an answer to
such queries? It is futile to find an answer to such a question.
Swamy Bhattar says: “Tava sparsAth (thvath SambhandhAth) SwAminam MangaLa
Sabdha: sprusathi” (it is because of your links that the MangaLa Padhams cling to Your
Lord. “Bhagavath MangaLathvE Sri DEvi SambhandO NiyAmaka:” The auspicious
attributes of the BhagavAn is intricately linked to her innate auspiciousness.
KurEsar describes it in his 7
th
slOkam of Sri Sthavam:
Isvaryam yath asEsha Pumsi yadhidham Soundarya-lAvaNyO:
Roopam yaccha hi MangaLm kimapi yallOkE sadhithyuchatE |
tath sarvam tvadhadhInamEva yadhatha: SrIrithyabhEdhEna vaa
yadhvaa Srimath-ithIdhrusEna vachasA Devi! PraTAmasnuthE ||
(MEANING):
Oh MahA Lakshmi! All what one witnesses in the people of the world as wealth, beauty,
shapely form, auspiciousness, these are all under Your control. They subside in You and
touch them. As a result, They exhibit the different types of attributes that people take note of.
These auspiciousness do not have any home except in You and therefore get elevated to
acquire Srimath Sabdham. VishNu PurANa SlOkam (1-9-29) passage, “Yatha: Satthvam
TathO Lakshmi:” refers to Her pervasive presence, wherever there is some thing noble or
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auspicious.

DHVAYADHIKARANAM PRAISING HER NIRUPADHIKA MANGALATHVAM
Swamy Desikan's salutations to MahA Lakshmi's NirupAdhika MangaLathvam are
abundant in DhvayAdhikaaram. We will refer to a very revealing quotation there from the Sri
Sookthi of AruLALa PerumAL EmperumAnAr:
aakAriNasthu vij~nAnam aakAra-jn~Ana-poorvakam
tEnAkAram Sriyam Jn~AthvA Jn~athavayO BhagavAn Hari:
(MEANING):
Only after understanding the unique attributes (visEshanam) of an object (Vasthu), we
can comprehend the object clearly. PirAtti is the PradhAna ViseshaNam of PerumAL. Hence,
one should understand first the innate guNams of PirAtti before comprehending the
(derivative) attributes of PerumAL in His sthAnam as Sriman NarAyaNan.
Similar is the counsel of Vedams and other PoorvAchAryAs!
Ubhayanaachiyaars– Parthasarathy Koil
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SLOKAM 30
In this slOkam, Bhattar describes the power of the auspicious glances of Sri
RanganAyaki.
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apAngA bhUyAmsO yadupari param Brahma tadh-abhUth
amI yathra dhvithrA: sa cha sathamakhAdhis tadadharAth |
atha: SrIrAmnAyas-tadhubhayamusamsthvAm praNijagou
prasasthissaa Raaj~nO yadhapi cha purIkOsa-kaTanam ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
When your eye glances falling are one, two or three, say, then the object becomes dEvAs
like IndhrA, the four-faced BrahmA and the like, subordinates to Your Consort. When,
therefore, Para-brahman or the lesser gods are referred to in the VedAs, the actual reference is
to be understood to point to YOU. After all, if One is praising the affluence of a kingdom, the
abundance of riches in the treasury etc, that praise only devolves on the ruler. So here also
praise of the Lord (or the lesser gods) is equivalent to your praise. You are the cause of their
greatness.
Earlier (28
th
slOkam), Bhattar pointed out: “tvAm na pruTagabhi- dhatthE
Sruthirapi” (The VedAs do not spell out Your auspicious guNAs separately from that of Your
Lord because You constitute His GuNAs, which are indistinct and inseparable from Him).
Here, Bhattar says a similar situation exists, when one praises the abundant riches of the
King's treasury. That praise in reality is a praise of the King Himself. The root cause behind
the exalted sthAnams of Indhran and BrahmA is indeed the power of the benevolent glances
of Pirate.

ADIYEN'S ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
KurEsar, the father of ParAsara Bhattar conceded in His Sri Sthavam that MahA
Lakshmi's auspicious GuNAs and the effects of Her MangaLa dhrushtis can not be
described adequately by words: “SrI:! tAvakA guNA: vaachAm manasaam cha
dhurgruhathayA khyAtha:”( Sri Sthavam: slOkam 4).
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Kuresar goes on to say that the Isvaryams enjoyed by the human beings---be it small or
great--- originate from the mangaLa dhrushti of MahA Lakshmi. He extrapolates this truism
to Sriman NaarAyaNan Himself with the subsequent statement: “JagannATa: NaarAyaNa:
api Tava EekshaNAth SvAthmAnam dhanyam manyathE” (The Lord Sriman NaarAyaNan,
who is both His own Lord and the Lord of the Universe considers Himself mightily blessed
by being the object of Your auspicious glances). One of Your name is Sraddhaa. The
PramANam says in this context states that you provide SarvEsvarathvam to Your Lord
through your apAngam (glances): “SraddhayA DevO Devathvam asnuthE”. KurEsar cites
this as His reason for seeking MahA LakshmI's refuge:
yasyA: kaDAksha mrudhu veekshaNa dhIkshaNEna
sadhya: Samullasitha-pallavam ullalAsa:
Visvam viparyaya-samutTa-viparyayam prAkk
ThAmm Deva-dEva-mahishIm Sriyam aasrayAma:
(MEANING):
This Universe, which had experienced decline, when Your auspicious glances did not fall
on it, grew beautifully, when the anugraha sankalpam of Your benevolent glances fell on it.
Those uplifting glances rejuvenated it to great beauty and strength. It shot up like a young
creeper reaching for the sky. We seek the protection of that great Empress, the Divine
Consort of Deva Raajan.
Sri ParAsara Bhattar points out that the Roopam and SthAnam of Sriman NaarAyaNan to
BrahmA to Rudran to other DevAs are only due to the power of MahA Lakshmi's KaDAksha
Vaibhavam (Tvath KaDAksha-labdha-VibhavathvAth --Parabrahma-Vidhi-Siva-
SathamakhAdhi Roopam). Such is the glory of the Glances of Sri RanganAyaki!
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SLOKAM 31
With this and the following two slOkams, ParAsara Bhattar clears some doubts for us that
might have arisen from the earlier slOkam, where the Lord's greatness was attributed to His
sambhandham (relationship) to His divine consort. It is wonderful to reflect on Bhattar's
inspiring logic.
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Svatha: SrIsthvam VishNO: Svamasi tatha yEvaisha BhagavAn
tvadhAyattaddhirthvEabhyabhavath aparAdhIna vibhava: |
svayA dhIpthyA rathnam bhavadhapi mahArgam na viguNam
na kuNDavAsvAtantryam bhavathi cha na chAnyahithaguNam ||

The Tamil translation of this slOkam has been done very well by Sri Thirumalai NallAn
Raamakrishna Iyengar:
iyalbinAl sotthAm unnal IRai siRappu yeythinAlum
ayal poruLAlE aahum adhisayam udyAn aahAn
suya oLi tulakkumEnum thoomaNi guNam maRRonRAl
uyarnthathu Thiru! mudanmai ozhinthathu yenRu uraikkappOmO?
The Sanskrit commentary form Sri Vatsya VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy on the “Svatha:
SrIthvam” is also included for completeness:
Svatha: ithi-- hE SrI: Thvam VishNO: SVATHA: SvabhAbhAvAth
nirupAdhikAthma SvarUpa-SvabhAva: ithi arTa:
Svamasi SeshabhUthAsi “SvathvamAthmani samjAtham SwAmithvam
BrahmaNi-sthiTam; AathmadhAsyam harE: SvAmyam svabhAvam cha
sadhaa smara” ithyAdhi PramANA:

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Maha Lakshmi! You are but a natural possession of the Lord. Thus, when we state
that His greatness depends on your being His possession, it is not as though we deny His
due greatness, or that He depends, for His greatness, on an external factor. Because His
greatness depends only on His own “Property” (This term “Property” is appropriate in the
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sense of GUNA as well as POSSESSION. In Tamil, Guna means Quality and not Possession.
In English and in Sanskrit languages however, GUNA means both Quality and Possession).
He has not borrowed His greatness from some one else, it would amount to a kind of stigma.
He DEPENDS, after all, on His own!
Consider an illustration! A precious gemstone becomes very valuable only by reason of its
brilliant lustre, that is, the radiations it emits. If we were to assert that the gemstone would be
worthless, we are consciously praising lustre as if it were a separate factor isolable from the
possessor, the gemstone. Actually, whatever tribute we concede to the possession --the
property, the lustre-- will automatically devolve on the possessor.
All that is spoken of You, Oh Mother, is ipso facto valid in respect of the Lord as well.

ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS:
Oh MahA Lakshmi! You are indeed the Lord's Sotthu (Possession)! We say your glory
gives the Lord His Glory (i.e.) he derives His glory from you! This type of adoration does not
demean the Lord in any sense. Your Lord has all the glory and mahimai. Our statements
connecting His glory to Yours is not to be associated with any suggestion that He is deriving
His glory from any thing that does not belong to Him. He is only deriving it from an adhIna
vasthu and not a parAdhina Vasthu (the property belonging to someone else).
You are Your Lord's possession (Svatha: Svam). One who owns some one or a property
(Svam) is Swaami. Your Lord is Your Swami. Therefore His deriving glory from His own
Sotthu does not suggest that He derives such glory from some thing that does not belong to
Him. The situation is similar to the lustrous gemstone. Its lustre is its aathma guNam
(SonthamAna GuNam). That lustre (gunam) is not external to the gemstone. It does not
derive that guNam of lustre from something outside itself. That guNam has to be associated
always with the owner. Similarly, MahA Lakshmi is the “property” of the Lord. That she
confers Her Lord great vaibhavam does not detract from His Vaibhavam arising from His
own “property” with such lofty “Gunams”.
Dr.V.N.V cites two instances in Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram, where Swamy Desikan
cites this slOkam in two chapters: SiddhOpAya sOdhanAdhikAram (23
rd
chapter) and
Dhvaya adhikAram (28
th
chapter). The actual citation is: “Vibhu: PathnyA GuNAdhyasccha
VisishtO VishayOthra na:” Swamy Desikan cites this 31st slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna
Kosam to emphasise the doctrine that the Lord with Sri Devi is the UpAyam for Moksham.
As indicated earlier, this slOkam describes the relation between the Lord and His PirAtti. She
becomes His Seshabhoothai out of her own desire. He (Viseshyam) derives glory
(Vaibhavam) from Her (VieshaNam). This fact does not result in lack of GuNa VisEshams
for the Lord. They are inextricably interlinked by “EkasEshithva Yogam”. All vaibhavams of
PirAtti devolve on Her Swamy.
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A famous Lakshmi KalyANa slOkam is cited by Swamy Desikan in this context.
ananyAdhIna kalyANam anyamangaLa kAraNam
jagannidhAnamadhvantham dhvandham vandhAmahE vayam
(MEANING):
We prostrate before the Dhivya Dhampathis who have limitless auspicious attributes of
their own without depending on anyone else, who are the cause behind the generation of
sadhguNams in chEthanams, who have no equals and who are the cause for the existence of
the universe as its creators.
The Dhivya Dhampathis are “sadhaika sEshis or SadhA yEka Seshis” according to
AchArya RaamAnuja based on the authority of PaancharAthra Saasthram. Among the Divine
couple, PirAtti elects to become SeshabhUthai to the Lord and yet in times of Prapatthi, they
both become the means and Phalan. She is His natural possession. He depends on His
possession for His Vaibhavam and not any one other than that possession (MahA Lakshmi).
His greatness is in no way diminished by His dependence on His own Isvaryam.
“sadhaika SEshis or sadhA yEka Seshis”
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SLOKAM 32
In the 32
nd
slOkam, ParAsara Bhattar instructs us about the dhivyAtham Svaroopa
GuNams and dhivya MangaLa Svaroopa GuNams (dealing with Thirumeni) that both Lord
RanganAthA and His divine Consort, Sri RanganAyaki have in common. These two
categories of GuNams are common to both of them. There is no exclusivity in terms of
possession of these assemblies of guNAs by one or the other Dhivya Dhampathi.
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prasakana bhala jyOthir-Jn~AnaiswarI vijaya praTA-
praNatha varaNa prEma kshEmankarathva purassarA: |
api parimala: kaanthir-lAvaNyamarchirithIndhirE
tava BhagavathascchaitE sAdhAraNA guNarAsaya: ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
(Oh! RanganAyaki) we shall delineate the characteristics that mark you and Your Lord
equally as follows:
Power, Might, effulgence, knowledge, Supremacy, sustainability --all these, said to be the
implication of Bhagavaan and Bhagavathi, being the meaning of Bhaga.
Acceptance of a refugee, love for the person surrendered, doing all good to that devotee--
these marks of a God that appeals to us as heartening qualities of the magnanimous soul.
The great fragrance, charm, personal beauty of all individual limbs, halo etc.--all of which
mark an individual form and physical figure.
— all these heaps of traits cited are true, common aspects for BOTH of You: not that
One of You has one (a GuNam) that is not had (possessed) by the other.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY ADIYEN:
Paraasara Bhattar groups the rich assembly of GuNAs possessed by the Lord and His
Consort into two distinct categories:
1) Dhivya Athma Svaroopa GuNams 2) Dhivya MangaLa Svaroopa GuNams
Both these categories of GuNams are shared by both.
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What are these Dhivya Athma Svaroopa GuNams?
These are:
1. Prasakanam or prakrushtA sakthi or Enhanced Sakthi (power). This is the first of the
six dhivyAthma Svaroopa GuNams commonly shared by Bhagavaan and Bhagavathi .
2. Bhalam: might/ strength / vigour is the next one shared by them.
3. JyOthi: Tejas/ lustre/ radiance/ brilliance/ splendour; He is like a “nandhA
ViLakku” with Svayam PrakAsam. This is “Sudar Jn~Ana Inbham” as revealed by
Swamy NammAzhwAr in ThiruvAimozhi 10.10.10 (Soozhnthu athanil periya Sudar
Jn~Ana InbhamO). She is radiant in Her own rights.
4. Jn~Anam: True Knowledge; Svayam prakAsa Jn~Ana Svaroopan. This dhivyAthma
GuNam is saluted by Swamy NammAzhwAr as “uNar Muzhu nalam” in
ThiruvAimozhi 1.1.2 as explained by our PoorvAchAryAs. She possesses the same
Jn~ana Svaroopam.
5. Iswaryam: Supreme wealth associated with Parathvam (Supremacy among Gods/
supreme being). This is shared by both again.
6. VijayapraTA: Veeryam or prowess is another MahA mangaLa GuNam common to
both.
The Lord as ParavAsudEvan is recognized as the possessor of all these six dhivyAthma
GuNAs (“ShAdguNyAth Vaasudeva: Para” according to ParAsara Bhattar in Sri RangarAja
Sthavam). Here in Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam, Bhattar explains that Sri RanganAyaki shares all
these six GuNams as Bhagavathi.
Some of the other dhivyAthma GuNams are: PraNatha VaraNam, PraNatha PrEmam
and PraNatha KshEmankarathvam. When some one seeks their protection through prapatthi,
the dhivya damapthis have the common trait of attracting those praNatha Janams, loving
them, showing preethi and blessing them with all anugrahams.
The Dhivya Dampathis also have GuNams relating to their ThirumEni (Dhivya
MangaLa Svaroopa GuNams such as Sougandhyam or divine fragrance (Parimalam). The
Lord is known as Sarvagandhan; His consort shares Sarvagandhathvam. If the Lord is
ParimaLa RanganAthan, then His consort is Sugandha RanganAyaki. Further, the dhivya
dampathis share Kaanthi (effulgence) and LaavaNyam (beauty in all limbs/SarvAnga
Soundharyam).
When it comes to DhivyAthma GuNams or dhivya Mangala Svaroopa GuNams, they are
thoroughly matched (OnRukku OnRu sOdai pOhavillai).
Bhattar had earlier said that the Vaibhavam of the Lord was derived from MahA
Lakshmi. In this slOkam, He points out that they are equally matched in every way .In the
next slOkam, Bhattar will explain as to how that happens.
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SLOKAM 33
In the 31
st
SlOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar explained the doctrine of Svatha: SrIthvam
of Sri RanganAyaki (MahA LakshmI). Bhattar made LakshmI Svaroopa anusandhAnam
here. He reminded us about Her Tatthvam that she is a natural possession of Her Lord
(Svatha: SrIthvam). He concluded this 31st slokam by submitting that ALL that is spoken of
Her is ipso facto valid as well for Her husband.
In the 32
nd
slOkam, Bhattar dwelled on all of the DhivyAthma Svaroopa Dhivya and
MangaLa Svaroopa GuNams are shared equally by both the Lord and His divine consort.
Bhattar addressed Sri RanganAyaki as “IndhirE and Sarva- IsvarayapradhE” in this slOkam.
He listed first Her DhivyAthma Svaroopa GuNams that She shares with Her husband as:
“Prasakanam prakrushtA Sakthi:, Bhalam, Sarav Jagadh BharaNa
SaamarTyam, JyOthstEja:, Jn~Anam, SarvadhA sarva-vasthu
SaakshAthkAram, Isvarathvam, Vijaya praTAnathvam, Jaya-
seelathva prasasthi:, Pranatha VaraNam, Aasritha VasIkarathvam,
PrEmAsritha Vishaya Preethi:, KshEmankarathvam, Aaasritha-
Ishta PrApakthvam, Tadhanishta-nivarthakathvam”
Then, Bhattar went on to describe the Dhivya MangaLa Vigraha guNams that She shares
with Her Consort:
“ParimaLa:, Sougandhyam, Kaanthi:, Soundaryam and SarvAvaya ShObhA,
LaavaNyam, SamudhAya ShObhA, Archi: Oujvalyam, ithyEthi”
Thus there are two types of Svaroopa GuNAs (GuNa SamUham) that they display
equally. Bhattar emphasized that there is not one GuNam that is not possessed by the other.
In the 33
rd
SlOkam, Bhattar continues with the enlisting of the SaadhAraNa GuNAs of Sri
RanganAyaki. He addresses Her with a tender salutation: “Sriranga MangaLa VijrumbhaNa
Vaijayanthi”. Bhattar recognizes Sri RanganAyaki as the fluttering victory banner on top of
Sri Ranga mangaLam (Sri RanganAthan's aasthAnam). The alternative meaning for this
salutation is that She is the creeper like Soundharyavathi, who nourishes the auspiciousness
of Sriranga MangaLan, Sri RanganAthan.
The text of the beautiful 33
rd
SlOkam is as follows:
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anyEpi youanamukhA: yuvayOssamAnA:
Sriranga MangaLa VijrumbhaNa Vaijayanthi! |
tasmimsthava Thvayi cha Tasya ParasparENa
Samstheerya dharpaNa iva prachuram svadhanthE ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh MahA LakshmI! Thou art really the victory-banner flying aloft in the seat of
auspiciousness that is the substance of Srirangam shrine! There are some more characteristic
traits (guNams) that are common to both of You: Ever-Youthfulness, delicate sensitivity,
captivating beauty of the various limbs, extreme sincerity of response, etc. One's (Yours or
His) particular quality admired is reflected in the other and vice versa (as in a mirror): thus
whatever you possess and shine thereby is verily His property too and marks Him too. Both
of You mutually enjoy this phenomenon: Why! It is delicious to us too: that You both possess
such a common contingent of delectable attributes (GuNAs).

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
The guNAs attributed to BhagavAn are reflected in You as a prathibhimbham in You
serving as a mirror. Your guNAs are reflected in the same way as a prathibhimbham in Him
serving as your mirror. This Prathi palanam is delightful (bhOgyam) to both of You and to
us. This Bhimba-Prahtibhibhimbha svaroopam of your guNAs seem to arise from Your
YekasEshithva BhAvam (both serving as Seshis in unison) as a Dhivya mithunam (divine
Couple).
Sriman RaamakrishNa Iyengar translates “Sriranga MangaLa Vijrumbhana Vaijayanthi”
as “Mannu Tennarangatthu Ongu MangaLak Kodi pOlvALE”. Their svaroopa GuNa
visEshams emanating equally from their eternal youth is translated form the Sanskrit text of
“YounamukhA: YuvayOssamAna:” as “Innum iruvar TankaL iLamai munnitta paNpu”. The
delectable nature of their GuNa Visesahams changing mutually and reflecting as it were as a
mirror image abundantly is saluted by Sri RamakrishNa Iyengar as:
“ ManniyE pothuvAi mARi mARi maRRavariR ThOnRi
nannilai kkaNNAdiyil pOl thihaznthu aLikkum inbham”
(Tasmimstava Thvayi cha Tasya ParasparENa
samstheerya DharpaNa iva prachram svadhanthE ).
The anyOnyathvam and Parspara BhAndhavam of the Dhivya Dhampathis of Srirangam
saluted here and reference is made to their GuNAs, which are exactly matched.
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SLOKAM 34
In this 34th slOkam, Swami ParAsara Bhattar comments on how the Svaroopa-Roopa-
GuNa SaadhAranams of the Lord and His Consort unite to bless the BhakthAs:
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|F¤¹t4l7l-T t4l ¬¬4|6 ¬ Tl+ 9 Ft4B ¬¬l+ ·
t4|4 Ult4 Tl-6l+ B|7P9|69l¹l°4 T6Tl-
¬Pl7l-4l ¬l 16 ¬4|6 4 44l ¹ltP|+ |¬7l +

yuavthvAdhou thulyEpyaparavasathA Sathrusamana-
sthirathvAdheen kruthvA Bhagavathi guNAn pumsthva sulabhAn |
Thvayee SthrIthvaikAnthAn pradhimapathi pArArTya KaruNA-
KshamAdheen vaa bhOkthum yuvayOrAthmani midhA ||

MEANING BY DR. V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
So far, we described what is common to You both: but, there are some special traits,
describable as masculine, such as non-dependence, firmness in destroying enemies
(Sthirathvam), etc. These mark the Lord. Certain other features, which are special to You as a
Lady are: gentility, complete concession of decisions (on meeting out punishments/
DhaNdadarathvam to Your Lord; own kindliness, forgiveness, etc; This apportionment of
GuNAs between You both agreeing to do so: that is, by Your will and Your Lord's will
reconciling each other by common consent!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Oh Periya PirAtti! SaadhAraNa GuNAs like Youth, Soundharyam are common to both of
You. These aside, there are certain qualities exhibited by Your Lord as masculine being such
as SvAthanthryam (acting independent of others/Opposite of Paaratantryam), Firmness of
resolve in destroying the enemies of those who surrendered to Him, etc. In You, we see the
feminine attributes shining such as softness of heart (the SoukumAryam of the heart), total
dependence on the Lord as His wife, Mercy (SrinivAsasya KaruNAmiva RoopiNI), Patience,
Forgiving nature (KshamAmi na KshipAmi), etc. Thus, certain differences in aathma
guNams between You both arise as a result of Your mutual agreement.
DR.V.N.V refers to SiddhOpAya SodhanAdhikAram and DhvayAdhikAram of Swamy
Desikan's Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram in the context of this slOkam. AdiyEn will
elaborate on these references:
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At the beginning of SiddhOpAya sOdhanAdhikaaram, Swamy Desikan instructs us:
"Jaladhi SuthayA sArdham DevO jagath-paripAlayan
Parama Purusha: SiddhOpAya: PrathishtAbhara: sathAm”
The Parama Purushan (EmperumAn) with His Devi, MahA Lakshmi, the daughter of the
Milky Ocean protects the world and accepts the burden of giving the Moksha (Parama
PurushArtha Siddhi) to PrapannAs (upAya anushtAna karthAs).
A slOkam of Lakshmi Tanthram is the basis of the above upadEsam of Swamy Desikan:
LakshmyA Saha HrishIkEsO DhEvyA KaaruNya RoopayA
Rakshaka: Sarva SiddhAnthE vEdAnthEpi cha geeyathE
(MEANING):
The embodiment of Mercy, EmperumAn, protects the world with His Devi, MahA
Lakshmi. This is the siddhAntham celebrated in PaancharAthra Saasthrams and Upanishads.

The Dhivya Dhampathis are yEka tatthvam as celebrated by Ahirbudhnya samhithaI (4.78):
NaarAyana param brahma sakthirnArAyaNI cha Saa
VyApakAvathi-samslEshAth yEka-tatthvam ivOdhithou
(MEANING):
The Dhivya Dhampathis who pervade in all the objects of their creation are always
together without separation and therefore are recognized as yEka Tatthvam (Single doctrine).

NaarAyaNan, who is always addressed as Sriman NaarAyaNan has 12 important guNams
(Mukhya GuNams):
1. Vaathsalyam /irakkam
2. Swaamithvam/ Lordship
3. Souseelyam/companionship even with those, who are inferior to Him in many ways
4. Soulabhyam/ease of access by one and all who seek Him to perform prapatthi
5. Sarvaj~nathvam/ Omniscience
6. Sarva Sakthithvam/Omnipotence
7. Sathya Sankalpathvam/firmness in delivering His promise
8. Parama KaaruNikathvam/being an embodiment of Mercy
9. Kruthaj~nathvam/not forgetting even a small good deed and considering that as a
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major upakAram
10. Sthirathvam/Firmness of purpose
11. Paripoornathvam/being the embodiment of all auspicious guNAs
12. ParmOdhArathvam/ being the abode of immeasurable generosity in granting boons
to the chEthanan, who practises Bhakthi or Prapatthi upAyam.
This Lord revered by NaarAyaNa Sabdham is recognized as Sriman NaarAyanan in
dhvaya manthram. His masculinity is tempered by the femininity of PirAtti as Sarva Loka
MaathA; Together with Her Lord, She stands as UpAyam at the time of Prapatthi of the
chEthanan and performs Her dharmam as His Saha DharmachAriNi and accepts the havis of
AathmA at the time of Praaptthi. As a result of their own sankalpam, they agree upon a
gender-based division of guNAs to bless the prapannAs as a united Whole (Sriman
NaarAyaNan). The Lord demonstrates masculine attributes (Purushaika Nishtai) such as
SvAtantryam (independence), Sathru Samanam (Destruction of enemies of BhakthAs),
Sthirathvam (Firmness of resolve/aprakampyathvam) et al.
MahA Lakshmi in line with Her role as the Supreme Lady and the compassionate Mother
of the World has a tacit understanding with her Lord to display Mrudhu Hrudhayam (Soft-
heartedness towards AparAdhis), Bharthu Paaratantryam (total dependence on her Husband,
the Lord), KaruNA (DayA), KshamA (Forgiveness), Para dukkha asahishNuthvam (inability
to be indifferent to the sorrows of the suffering /erring chEthanams), AparAdha Sahathvam
(putting up with the trespasses to SaasthrAnushtAnam instead of the tendency to punish/
dhaNdatarathvam like Her Lord and pleading for the erring chEthanams before Her Lord).
The Divine couple highlights the individual guNAs befitting their Savaroopams as PithA and
MaathA of the Universe and its beings and yet acts in unison to protect the world and grant
Moksha Siddhi to PrapannAs.
This is the purport of the 34th SlOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam of Swamy ParAsara
Bhattar.
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SLOKAM 35
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar focuses on the ThiruvAbharaNams unique to each of the
Dhivya Dhampathis at Srirangam. They compliment each other in their alankArams.
The 35
th
slOkam containing these thoughts is:
¤+T+TH |6 4 47HlP|9 P ¹¤7Hl
4 466Tt44l 6|¬6Pl¬¹Tl|7 9¹P ·
¤4PBPl+7 H|4|+4 |H |4¬74 r¹l
t4|4 ¬ T… H H4l 7¹|4rl|¹|T ! |+|4 H|B +

Ghana Kanaka dhyuthi-yuvadhasAmapi mugdhadasAm
yuva-taruNathvayOr-uchitham AabharaNAdi param |
dhruvam-asamAna dEsa vinivEsi vibhajya Harou
thvayi cha kusEsayOdara vihAriNi! Nirvisasi ||

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother, who revel in sporting in the centre of the large lotus flower! I view both of you
in a communion; what a beautiful blend of the finest compliments it presents!
He is a dark dense cloud in hue; You are golden, pure and serene.
He is a Youth; you are a few years younger than Him to match Him in real youthfulness.
Both are beautifully bedecked with jewellery, but each in His/Her particular way only;
for example, the nose-screw, the ear-flower, the gem on the forehead top at the parting hair
line, the gridle -- these mark You (Sri RanganAyaki), they being feminine ornaments.
You both apportion jewels too (in addition to GuNams) in this pleasing manner. That is
how it appears to me!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
The Serthi Azhagu of ThAmarayAL and ThAmarayAL kELvan are saluted here. This
dhivya MangaLa sevai is enjoyed by Swamy ParAsara Bhattar in a mood of recollection of the
Panguni Utthara sErthi Sevai.
The Lord has the Neela Mega ThirumEni; she has the golden lightning like hue. He is
YuvA (ILankumaran); She is nava youna TaruNi. They have their own dhivyA AabharaNams
as Nithya YuvA and Subha GhAthra TaruNi, which compliment each other. He has
UrdhvaPuNDram, YajnOpaveetham, PeethAmbharam; She has HaridhrA-KaasmIra -Makari
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Parthram et al as Her beautifying marks. They divide these beauty marks and AabharaNams
unique to their own gender and compliment each other's laavaNyam.
Sri RamakrishNa IyengAr's Tamil translation of this verse is as follows:
karumuhiR Ponnin KAnthi KattilankALai Mangaip-
paruvaman-nilaikatkkERppa pAlvahai vevvERAna
uruviniloLiru naRRppooNN uruthi nee thuytthi maRRum
aRimisai piritthunn meethum AmbusatthADuvALE
His hue is that of Neela Megam of the rainy season (karumuhiR Kaanthi); her hue is that
of the molten gold (Ponnin Kaanthi). He is KattilankALai (SukumAra YuvA); she is at the
Mangai paruvam (TaruNi stage). They adorn different pieces of exquisite jewellery (Paal
vahai vevvERana aabharaNams), which compliment each other's soundharyam (Paraspara
VilakshaNam).
KOdhaiNachiyaar
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SLOKAM 36
In the 36
th
SlOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar wrestles with the futility of comparing the
aprAkrutha ThirumEni of Sri RanganAyaki with prakruthic material objects of the world like
Moon, Lotus et al. He concludes that nothing in this world or nobody here could come
anywhere near the matchless beauty of Sri RanganAyaki's ThirumEni. The 36
th
slOkam
containing these thoughts takes this form:
Hñ 6 P THl6P ¹¤P¤ ¹l 7l¹ ¬ T ¬ ¹¬6-
¬l¹l-¤ - |TP =l96lP 9¬6l P-4 Prl¤l F66-·
²-T- T-9¬6l B ¤lP¤ P Gl ²t4l|4¬l 4T +l
~l¹ñ74|¹ ! Hl-6T |×PT¤ |7-4 49 +l r |6 +

angam tE mrudhu-seetha mugdha madhurOdhArai:guNai: gumbatha:
KshIrAbdhE kimrujIshathAm upagathA: manyE mahArgAstatha: |
Indhu: KalpalathA sudhA-madhumukhA ithyAvilAm varNanam
SrIrangEswari! saantha kruthrimakaTam dhivyam vapu: nArhathi ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N.VEDANTHADESIKAN:
It is permissible to visualize the birth of Sree RanganAyaki from the churning of the
milky ocean at a particular point of time in the history of events. Oh Goddess! I recall that
along with you arose the Moon, the nectar, the spirituous liquor, the Kalpaka creeper, etc.
Now it appears that You assimilated the essence of gentle nature and coolness from the
Moon, the sweetness and immortality-conferment from the nectar, the intoxicating trait from
the liquor, the liberal bounteousness from the Kalpaka creeper, etc., --leaving them all behind
with famished husk-like bereftness.
What we now portrayed would amount to saying that the Moon and the like have all lent
away their essential virtue to make You up. Very good imaginative picturization indeed, but
WRONG! Am I to assume, even for a moment, that you are artificially built up from material
principles drawn from the Moon and the nectar and the like? No, No! You are non-material,
non-made; non-physical; you are absolutely Supreme Goddess, NON-PAREIL and SUI
GENERIS. We are not justified in reducing You to a simple material object made of this and
that of this world, even for purposes of illustration.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Bhattar points out that the kalpanais of poets that She is soft and cool like the Moon,
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108
Sweet and life-giving like amrutham, intoxicating like Madhu (liquor), generous boon giving
nature like the KalpakA creeper are off the mark. If the well-meant intent is to suggest that Sri
RanganAyaki is the essence of all of the above prAkruthic material, this uthprEkshai (simile/
comparison) is not correct. Besides, it is a confused vision. Why? The dhivya MangaLa
vigraham of Sri RanganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi) is not made up of portions of physical entities
at all. Her incomparable beauty of limbs and samudhAya Soundharyam arises from Suddha
satthva material of AprAkrutha origin. Therefore, it is incorrect to compare her beauty to the
objects of this world.
Sri Vatsya VeerarAghavAchAryA's VasurAsi commentary explains this inaccuracy in
comparison beautifully:
“--dhivyam aprAkrutham vapu: vigraha: na arhathi na uchitham bhavathi.
Akruthrimasya Lakshmi Vigrahasya krithrima vasthu saarathva uthprEkshaNam
ayuktham ithi bhAva:”
Praakrutham means the original source of the material world of three essential qualities:
sathva, Rajas and Tamas (the ThriguNAs). AprAkrutham means outside the three guNAs,
Suddha Sathva Svaroopam. Prakrutham also refers to the five elements (pancha bhoothams:
pruthvI, Appu, Tejas, Vaayu and AkAsam) that constitute the entities of the world.
AprAkrutham is outside the reach of the pancha Bhoothams.
MahA Lakshmi's dhivya MangaLa Vigraham (divine auspicious ThirumEni) is made up
of aprAkrutha tatthvam. Therefore, it is neither appropriate nor effective to compare Her
Soundharyam through prAkruthic references (na arhathi na uchitham bhavathi). MahA
Lakshmi's vigraham (divine body) is akruthrimam (not artificial or fictitious). By taking
artificial or prakruthic entities and squeezing the essence of them to make the akruthrima
dhivya managaLa Vigraham of MahA Lakshmi is a totally erroneous approach according to
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar.
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109
SLOKAM 37
In the 37th slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar invites us to the Sertthi MaNDapam at
Srirangam on a Panguni Uttaram day and asks us to have the adhbutha sEvai of Sri
RanganAyaki with Her Lord.
Nam Perumal and ThayAr sErtthi sEvai
The slokam attempting to describe Her GambhIra sEvai is as follows:
9TP7+ |4|¤tBl4lB+l+BP¤
9T|49|¹|¬¬l9lT… |¾6 9l74 T + ·
T+T|+T9¬¾¬ 9TU1BPl+-
94¹|P7P 7l¹ 4!P 4l¬lP¬ |P- +

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110
praNamadhanuvidhithsA vaasanA namram agrE
praNayi parichicheeshA kunjitham paarsvakEna |
kanaka nikasha chanjaccha champak sragsamAna-
pravaramidham udhAram varshma vAchAmabhUmi: ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
We look at SrI RanganAyaki in close juxtaposition to Her Lord on His right side --say on
the Panguni Uttharam uthsavam.
Look at Her. She is bent a little; it is in a considerate, condescending bending pose to
favor the pleading and bent devotee in the front (She is not erect-headed in a spirit of
unyielding, unconcerned behavior!). Her side is rather inclined in favour of Her Lord
RanganAthAn, in a mood of embracing Him. What a majestic pose! She inherits, if anything,
the radiant effulgence of pure gold and the gentle fragrance of the just-blossoming
ChampakA flower garland. Her form, look, pose, majesty and benevolence evident to us in
this verse are portrayed but poorly in this verbal manner. We can only view and enjoy it; we
cannot put into a verbal verse all that we enjoy. She is beyond all words!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
AnugrahaparA: Sri RanganAyaki is Loka MaathA, who worries about her erring children.
When they arrive in front of Her, She bends forward with affection and blesses them as the
anugrahaparA (conferrer of sakala soubhAgyams). She pleads with Her Lord to forgive our
trespasses. As saluted by Her Sahasra Naamams, She is jagath Kudumbini (having the
denizens of the entire world as Her Family), Loka SOka VinAsini (dispeller of the sorrows of
the chEthanams), Bhaktha gamyai (eminently reachable by Her BhakthAs), Sarva Sulabhai
(easily accessed by one and all), Abhayankari (One who removes the fear of those who take
refuge at Her lotus feet) SubhAvahai (One who brings auspiciousness), MangaLa dEvathai
(Supremely auspicious Moorthy), and DhAridhrya Banjini (One who banishes poverty).
PurushakArathvam: Her side is turned slightly towards Her Lord on her left as if she is
pleading for their suffering children. She appears as though She is going to overwhelm Him
with Her affection to get Her way (PraNaya parichicheeshA kunjitham paarsvakEna). The
pose is Kunjitha Paarsvam or slightly turned towards Her Lord as if She is about to embrace
Him and whisper into His ears about forgiving the trespasses of the erring child. It is a
radiant and majestic pose .As a display of respect and affection (Bhaya-Bhakthi
hEthubhyAM), her pose is slightly tilted towards Him.
ChaNpaka Maalai around Her neck: Her hue is that of molten gold and she exudes the
gentle fragrance of the just-blossoming ChaNpaka flowers that she adorns around her
beautiful neck. If we wish to state the pravaram (lineage) for Her, We have to include the
freshly melted gold and the ChaNpaka Pushpam. With these two references, we recognize
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111
Her Oujvalyam (Radiance) and divine fragrance (Sougandhyam). Her Generosity (UdhAra
SvabhAvam), nobility (Urjitham), Power to grant all the desired boons (sarvAbhIshta
Prathathvam) and more auspicious attributes are suggested by Her Dhivya MangaLa
vigraham and defies any through description (VaachAm agOcharam) by mere words.
“Ranganaayaki Thaayar– Pomona, New York”
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112
SLOKAM 38
In the previous slOkam (37
th
), Swamy ParAsara Bhattar referred to the doctrines
elaborated by his father (Sri KurEsar's) in his Sri Sthavam. “YasyA Mukham veekshya
SARVAM CHA KURVAN HARI:” was KurEsar's mangaLAsAsanam. Sriman NaarAyaNan
looks at the Thirumukha MandaLam of His PirAtti, takes the hint from there and takes care
of every thing (destruction of Sins and granting of Moksham).
Regarding Sri RanganAyaki's Vaibhavam being beyond the reach of one's words
(VaachAm agOcharam), Kuresar says: “TaavakA: GuNA: VaachAm manasAm cha
durgrahathayA khyAthA:” (Your GuNAs known for the fact that they can not be
comprehended by either by Mind or speech). Bhattar echoed this sentiment with “VaachAm
abhumi:” (She is beyond all words).
In 38
th
slOkam, Bhattar describes the special sEvai of Sri RanganAyaki on the 7th day of
the NavarAthri Uthsavam at her sannidhi. The slOkam is as follows:
9T -4¾« +|6¬P PP 9¹ ¬lT… ¾« 9l7l¹4 =
P&« |47¹9 '7¹lTP¬4 |4-4F4 rF6l¹4 =P ·
t4l 974 P |+9 T9l— 9|6T¬ Tl6'4T ¬T9-
FTl¹l9lñ6¹ñP¹4 ! P¤ ¹ P ¹¤ P G ! |4H6lP +

yEkam nyanjchya nathikshamam mama param chAkunjchya PaadhAmbujam
madhyE vishtara puNDarIkAmabhayam vinyasya hasthaambhujam |
thvAm pasyEma nishEdhusheem prathikalam kAruNya-kUlankasha-
sphArApaanga tarangamambha ! madhuram mughdham mukham! BibrathIm ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh my Mother! I dare describe your pose as follows: Your right foot of a lotus is kept
hanging below; the left foot is kept folded on to the seat-lotus. The right palm-lotus shows us
the gesture of “no fears!” Your face, the eye-glances, which are waves of graciousness dashing
against one another, all are ever comforting to us. May we ever incessantly envision this
enchanting sight of yours!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Sri RanganAyaki's adhiadhbhutha sEvai is described here. “YEkam paadhAmbhujam
DakshiNam nyamcha prasArya param itharath Vaama PaadhAmbhujam Aakunchya
thiryagithi- sEsha:” (The right foot is stretching below the Lotus on which she is seated and
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113
the left foot is folded and is seen on that aasana padhmam. The lifted lower right hand is
displaying the symbol of abhayam (abhaya soochakam). Her glances are filled with
KaaruNyam for Her children and they dart about like waves in an ocean of DayA. Those
rejuvenating glances uplift us. They are madhuram (sweet), bhOgyam (most enjoyable) and
Sundaram (beautiful). Bhattar prays on all of our behalf to Her to bless us with this visva-
rakshaNa sEvai for all times to come (Santhatham sEvaneeya:).
Vedavalli Thaayar
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SLOKAM 39
adiyEn will now cover the 39
th
slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam of Swamy ParAsara
Bhattar and link it to the later anubhavam of Swamy Desikan in the many slOkams of SrI
Sthuthi:
B ¹|¬6|+¬Pl-6 4|-79l4 |-7¹l4l-
F64 TP¬9¬lH9|44 9l74 ¹PP ·
4r|6 4T9P7 4 =4-6l |rPl¹¬--
-¬ |6|¬|¹4 +4t4 Tl-64lrl-6¹l= +

Surabhitha nigamAntham vandhishI IndhirAyA:
tava kamala palAsa prakriyam paahda-yugmam |
vahathi yadupamardhai: VaijayanthI himAmbha:-
pluthibhiriva navathvam kaanta bAhAntharALE ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
May I bow and worship at the lotus feet of Goddess MahA Lakshmi! Your feet are firmly
placed at the top of the VedAs--that is, all the VedAs have, as their subject, the praise of
Your feet as Supreme Goddess (MahA Lakshmi) only. Hence, Your feet smell with the
Vedic fragrance in full.
Your feet are like the lotus leaves, gentle, fresh, and very sensitive (tender).
When You are seated on the chest of the Lord, You crush under Your feet, so to say, the
vanamAlai garland known as Vaijayanthi. But then, Oh RanganAyaki! What a wonder! That
garland acquires a new rejuvenating effect and is fresh and fragrant, cool and flourishing, as if
it were fed with cool water-nutrient from your feet! What a heartening phenomenon!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Here Swamy ParAsara Bhattar visualizes Sri RanganAyaki as Vakshasthala Lakshmi
adorning the chest of Lord RanganAthan. She rules the world from Her Lord's ThirumArbhu.
She shines there like a brilliant golden lightning flash across the blue expanse of the chest of
Sri RanganAthAn. She is offering darsanam to Bhattar as “BhadrapeeDE
NishaNNAM” (seated on Her auspicious seat). On the chest of Her Lord dangles the
Vaijayanthi Maalai made of forest flowers. Sri RanganAyaki's paadhams touch that garland
and press the flowers constituting the garland. Those flowers attain then a new lustre through
their sambhandham with the sacred feet of Sri RanganAyaki; this new life and added lustre for
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115
them seems to come as it were from the sprinkling of cool waters from Sri RanganAyaki's
sacred feet. Those lotus-soft feet of Sri RanganAyaki have Veda Sambhandham as well.
Those feet are resting on the Vedas, which offer their prayers to Her. As a result of that
sambhandham, Her feet exude Veda parimaLam (fragrance of the vedAs).
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar expresses his wish to prostrate before Sri RanganAyaki and
worship Her sacred feet in this slOkam. The experience of Bhattar will be recalled by Swamy
Desikan later in the very first slOkam of Sri Sthuthi:
“Vaksha: peeDIm MadhuvijayinO: BhUshayanthIm svakAnthyA”
- SlOkam 1 Passage, Sri Sthuthi
(This MangaLAnAm-MangaLam Devi adorns the pedestal of the chest of Her Lord with
Her own effulgence).

“SthAnam yasyA: sarasija vanam VishNu Vakshasthalam vaa”
- SlOkam 2 Passage, Sri Sthuthi
(Whose residence is a lotus-forest or the Lord's chest)

“PoorNam tEja: sphurathi Bhavathee Paadha LaakshA rasAngam”
- SlOkam 4 Passage, Sri Sthuthi
(and He, Your Lord is characterized by the marks/adayALams from the red dye of Your
feet on His chest)

“sEshas chittham vimala manasAm moulasya SruthInAm
sampadhyanthE ViharaNa vidhou yasya sayyaa visEshA:”
- SlOkam 5 Passage, Sri Sthuthi
(As Divine couple, You both choose as the place of sport and enjoyment, the bed of
AdhisEshA, the heart lotus of blemish less seers and THE TOP PORTION OF THE
VEDAAS).

“AalOkya thvAm amrutha sahajE VISHNU VAKSHA:STHALASTHAAM”
--Slokam 14 Passage, Sri Sthuthi
(The devAs saw You, the sister of Nectar, seated on the chest of Your Lord and
worshipped You to receive Your anugrahams)

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“nithyAmOdhaa nigama vachasAm MouLi mandAra maalA”
- SlOkam 24 Passage, Sri Sthuthi
(Thou art the fragrance incarnate, who is the MandhAra Garland for the head (siras) of
the VedAs).

Swamy Desikan elaborated thus in Sri Sthuthi the many tatthvams hinted briefly by
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar in this 39
th
slOkam.
Sri RanganAyaki’s Parama Isvarya PradhAythvam is celebrated here. Her feet are
“Surabhitha NigamAntham” and are “Vaasitha VedAntham” (VedA MaNam kamazhum
ThiruvadigaL). VedAs perform abhivAdhanam and salutation to those sacred feet of Sri
RanganAyaki seated on her Lord's chest. Bhattar witnesses another wonder happening at the
paadhAravindham of Sri RanganAyaki. As the Lord moves, the Vijayanthi Maalai moves and
dashes against the Thiruvadi of Sri RanganAyaki and gets crushed (upamardhai: sangarshai:).
What happens next? Instead of fading and falling down, those flowers of the Vaijayanthi Vana
Maalai attain a new freshness, vigour and tEjas (Navathvam, Noothanathvam and Sobhai)
through contact with the sacred feet (SrI Paadha Sparsam) as though they were freshly
watered with the nectarine morning dew.
In the next slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar describes the LakshmI KaDAksha Vigraha
VailakshaNyam (the special glory and power of her glances).
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SLOKAM 40
In the 40
th
SlOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar salutes the power of the glances of Sri
RanganAyaki. He describes the effect of these auspicious glances on BrahmAdhi dEvAs in
general and on Her Lord, Sri RanganAthan in particular. The 40th slOkam housing these
thoughts is as follows:
t4tF4lTl¹T¬l4¬ 9T¬ 9l ¹l¬l †Hl T4 ¬l-
|+t4 t4-P¤ 9l+P¬P¤ 9~l|+¬ ¹l-4l 9|6P ·
†¹-4lP 4 |r 9 7¹lT+4+ 4 7l |47lPlB 6
Bl¬l‘|÷P ! 64l4¬l T|4¬4 Tl14l T4l 4'4 6 +

thvath sveekAra kalAvalEpa kalushA rAj~nAm drusO durvachA:
nithyam thvan-madhupAna matthamadhupa SrInirbharAbhyAm Pathim |
dhrughbhyAmEva hi PuNDareekanayanam vEdhO vidhAmasa tE
SaakshAlakshmi! tavAvalOk vibhava: kAkvA kayA varNyatE? ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
A wonderful vision perceived by the poetic eye is being described here:
DevAs like BrahmA, great Kings on earth, etc., have had the benefit of an iota of Your
eye-glance. They owe their prime position to this benefaction from you. They are all indeed
haughty out of this privilege--and this is evident in their excited and bedimmed eyes.
Nevertheless, the beauty of their eyes is beyond our attempt at description.
This being so, Oh Goddess, the eyes of the great Lord, Your Consort, which are like the
black beetles, hovering round Your whole body charm all through become intoxicated and
lose themselves in this liquor-addiction, so to say, will never take out the eyes elsewhere! So
mad He is after your (beautiful) Form!
There is a very interesting result; His eyes, which were originally, rightly, described as
black like beetles, have become red; He is now described by the VedAs too as the One, the
Only One, to be fit to be called the red-lotus eyed Lord. No One else can lay claim for this
distinction.
If this is the impact of your eyes (glances), if this is the impact of your body-color, if this
be all your greatness, what is one to say about and how is one to describe, the great force
possessed by Your eye glance?
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ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Oh RanganAyaki! If a small portion of Your kaDAksham falls on the kings or DevAs, then
their eyes are filled with pride over that Bhaagyam and become agitated. It is difficult to
describe the beauty of their eyes resulting from the falling of Your glances on them.
If that were to be so, what are we to think of the impact of your auspicious and loving
glances on Your Lord? His eyes are like a beetle, which has drunk deep the honey of your un-
matched soundharyam and is in an “intoxicated” state. He does not take His eyes off You.
His eyes become red and assume the color of a fully blossomed lotus. Those red eyes of
incomparable beauty are recognized as His adayALam by the VedAs (PuNDareekAkshan).
The ChAndhOgya Upanishad Vaakyam, “Tasya kapyAsam PuNDarIkamEvamakshaNi" is
invoked here. OH RanganAyaki! Indescribable indeed is the power of Your auspicious
dhrushti (KaNN nOkku)!
The PunDareeka Nayanathvam of the Lord is linked dexterously by Bhattar to His
Consort's eye glances falling on Him and He in turn being totally under the influence of their
intoxicating power. His eyes are like the beetles, which have consumed makarandham
(honey) from the flowers and dart about joyously enjoying the unparalleled beauty of the
limbs of His consort.
The Tamil Translation of this verse by Sri RamakrisNa Iyengar refers to the bedimmed
eys of the Kings swollen with pride due to being beneficiaries of those auspicious eye glances
falling on them as:
“ Nee siRithE KadaikkaNippa Nirupar KaNNkaL
Nilavu-mathatthAr kalanki nilamEyalla”

The impacts of those eye glances on Her Lord’s eyes are described as:
“ --Pathi KaNNkaL nALum neeyAm-
pirasatthai paruhi matham pidittha VaNDin
tEsudunE ThihazhuvathAl Avanai Vedam
SenkamalkkaNNan yena therinthathaanRE?”

Swamy Desikan describes in the 14
th
SlOkam of Sri Sthuthi:
“SaapAkrAnthA: saraNamagaman saavarOdhA: SurEndrA:
labdhvA BhUyasthribhuvanamidham lakshitham thvath kaDAkshai:”
(The DevAs regained their Isvaryam, which also grew further, by the auspicious glances
of grace You bestowed on them. And they enjoy it permanently - Dr.V.N.V. Desikan).
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In the 15
th
slOkam, Swamy Desikan sums up the power of MahA Lakshmi’s glances
conferring immense wealth, in what ever places and directions Her glances fall and they flow
with competitive zeal into an overwhelming flood--Dr. V.N.V. Desikan):
“YasyAm YasyAm disi viharathE Devi dhrushti thvadheeyA
TasyAm TasyAmahamahamikAm tanvatE SampadhOgA:”
In the 16
th
slOkam of Sri Sthuthi, Swami Desikan refers to see those worship MahA
Lakshmi realize abundant Isvaryam from earth or KubErA's abode or from the skies or from
the seas.
In the 17
th
slOkam of Sri Sthuthi, Swamy Desikan describes the blessed state of those,
who hold in their hearts the sacred feet of MahA Lakshmi become emperors with vast wealth
on this earth.
In the 21
st
slOkam of Sri Sthuthi, Swamy Desikan describes how the benevolent glances
of MahA Lakshmi removes all samsAric afflictions.
She is KalyANAnAm avikala nidhi (the inexhaustible reservoir of all shrEyas/
auspiciousness)... slOkam 24
In the final verse of Sri Sthuthi, Swamy Desikan concludes that Her glances will confer all
auspiciousness at the highest level.
Such is the power of Sri RanganAyaki/MahA Lakshmi's NethrOthpalam and the glances
originating from those sweet and soft eyes.
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120
SLOKAM 41
In this slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar continues with his celebration of the eye-glances
of SriranganAyaki:
Hl+-7ltP|¬¹lHP=+P7¬l4l¬B - Hl¬¬-
9 Plã ¹|9 T ¬P ãrT 9lB -¬l|46lFPl†H - ·
9T ! 6 9|6|4-T4&T|¬T¤Ol|7|4!T¹¬T -
9 H4l ãP¬ã7 ¹H¹T Pl 9l¬l4l55¬l |T6 - +

AnandhathAthmabhirIsa majjana madha kshIBhAlasai: aagala-
prEmArdhrairapi koolamudhvaha krupA samplAvithAsmAdhrusai: |
PadhmE! tE prathibindhu Bhaddhakalika BrahmAdhi vishkambhakai:
IsvaryOtthgama gadhgadhair-asaraNam maam paalayAlOkithai: ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Goddess (seated) on the Lotus! May the flood-stream of your eye glances flow on me,
this worthless wretch! This flood that flows is virtually the solid concretization of the abstract
principle called Joy; this flood stupefies the Lord Himself like the liquor and makes Him look
tired and relaxing; This flow is neck-deep, wet immersion in love-flood for the devotee; it is
the one that would breach all banks; it will therefore, be capable of swelling the sand-mounds
that we people are on the shores. It is the one each speak of, which could engender in it a
great figure such as emperor, IndhrA, BrahmA, etc. It is a flood that would create a few more
mounds in the path that would cause a disturbance to the walkers-by (The mounds are
figurative; they imply affluence-heights. They will naturally cause stumbling to the walkers).

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
The flood waves of Sri RanganAyaki's eye-glances and their power on devotees to Her
Lord Himself is celebrated here. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar prays for those waves to drench
him. He says that these floods of eye-glances are of the form of Aanandham (bliss form).
Besides immersing us in that flood, it drenches Her Lord Himself and drives Him to the
heights of ecstasy, which makes Him somewhat stupefied. That flood soaks the devotee up to
his neck and flows upstream like a dam that has opened its sluices. In each of the drops of joy
originating from Sri RanganAyaki, the potential of great kings, IndhrA and BrahmA to be
born is there. Since those floods cause mounds of Isvaryam, makes one who is walking
stumble due to the non-level nature of the ground caused by ThAyAr's flood of eye-glances.
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar begs his Mother, Sri RanganAyaki to cast her eye-glances on him
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121
and bless him. Bhattar says: Oh Compassionate Mother! I am asaraNan (protector less);
adiyEn is “RakshakAnthara- Soonyan” (devoid of any One to offer me protection). Maam
Paalaya (Please protect me through directing your rejuvenating and uplifting eye glances on
me!). AruL VeLLam of Sri RanganAyaki is thus celebrated.
Selected Sanskrit Passages of his slOkam. Here Bhattar addresses SrIranganAyaki as
“PadhmE!” PadhmE stands for Padhma VaasinE or One who lives on a divine lotus.
“AanandhAthmabhi: Isa majjana madhakshIBhAlasi:”
Oh PadhmAlayE! Your SvarUpam is aanandha mayam (AvaL Inba VadivAnavaL).
Your Lord (Isa:) gets Thirumanjanam from those aanandha lahari (aanandha waves of eye-
glances) and becomes as a result intoxicated as it were.
That is the effect of the anbu VeLLam on Your Lord. We are soaked up to your necks in
the dense flood of your affection-laden eye-glances (aagala prEmAdhrai: aakaNDam,
prEmyA preethya aardharai: sisirErapi). Each of these glances become like mounds of
Aisvaryam and stands as obstacles (Vishkambakaa:) and makes one stumble. They are
overpowering.
Bhattar is overwhelmed and gives up with a prayer for the KrupA RoopiNI, Sri
RanganAyaki to protect him, since he has no one else to protect him (asaraNam maam
paalaya).
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122
SLOKAM 42
With extraordinary poetic skills, Bhattar visualizes the SoukumAryam (matchless beauty)
of SrI RanganAyaki in this slOkam:
-ll7l6-6 7P 4 9T=¹=¾ ³l¬ Hl¬l |T6 -
Hñ¹¬l|+¹¤l¹4 ! BlrB|4¤l ¬l¬l¹|4-7¤r-·
7l ¬l 6 4+Pl¬4l r|¹¬ = rlT7H-7lF97
T + ~l ! ¹|6Tl P¬l 6+ |¹4 4l¬l |4P7› ¬Pl +

PaadhArunthudhamEva pankajarajascchEDihrusA lOkithai:
angamlAniraTAmbhA ! Saahasavidhou leelAravindhagraha: |
DOlA tE vanamAlayA HaribhujE haa kashta-sabdhaAspadham
kEna SrI! RathikOmalA tanuriyam vaachAm vimadhakshamA ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh RanganAyaki! When we speak of Your delicate sensitive nature, we have to remember
that even lotus pollen gains would feel rough to Your delicate feet. Your form will wither, as
though, if your attendants eagerly look at it with fond admiration; I would fain say that the
toy-- lotus head in your hand would strain your physique! The vanamAlA garland on the chest
of Your Lord serves as the swing for You to enjoy --but then, we would fear it would cause
strain to Your body. Oh Mother! I rather feel my mental contemplation on You to compose a
verse would itself would affect Your form and cause a shade of strain! Oh what a pity! My
hymn becomes a veritable tormentor to that sensitiveness. My heart throbs in fear at the very
thought of it. Would your all-too delicate physique suffer, unable to sustain a praise-hymn on
it? I think so!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Oh Sri RanganAyaki! How can I describe your peerless beauty? Your super-delicate body
cannot put up with many strains. When You walk, even the lotus pollen grains bruise Your
soft feet. When your ladies in attendance look at your beauty with unclosed eyes, Your divine
limbs suffer like a flower exposed to the heat of the midday Sun. We see the lotus flower in
Your hands and worry whether the weight of them is too much to bear by Your slender arms.
We lament about the hardness of the flowers of the vanamAlai garland, when You use that as
an oonjal for Your sport. We fear whether those forest flowers will bruise Your body. AdiyEn
dreads to think of the ill effects of my speech intended to praise You and what harm they
might do to Your most tender ThirumEni.
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123
Such is the loving affection of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar for Sri RanganAyaki that he is
afraid even to praise Her lest his vaak will make Her fade like a flower under the hot rays of
the Sun. This is extraordinary RasAnubhavam of a great poet and Bhakthan of MahA
Lakshmi. MahA kavi KaaLi dAsan described in Raghu Vamsa SlOkam that the flowers
falling from the trees caused so much pain to the tender body of one of the queens of Raghu
Vamsam (Dileepan) that she fainted. Bhattar beats KaaLi dAsan in his poetic skills!

COMMENTS ON THE SANSKRIT WORDS CHOSEN BY BHATTAR
“PaadhArundamEva Pankaja Raja:”
The pollen dust from the lotus flower on which You are sitting is like a sharp thorn
because your sacred feet are so tender to touch.

“chEDi bhrusa lOkithai: angamlAniraTambha sAhasa vidhou leelAravindhgraha:”
If Your parijanams look at You intensely to enjoy Your soundharyam, the ShObhai of
Your limbs will fade like a flower experiencing the midday heat (vaadip pOhum); the lotus
bud that You hold in Your hand sportively is a strain on Your tender hands (“ViLayADu
malar sumartthal arum cheyalE”).

“DhOlA tE VanamAlayA HaribhujE haa Kashta-sabdhAspadham”
In Your dear Lord's broad chest hangs Vaijayanthi garland. You like some times to use it
a swing for sport. That effort is a difficult one because your athi-kOmala, athi-soukumAra
limbs cannot put up with the hardness of the flowers in the garland. As a result, that dolai
(swing) becomes a painful seat (aaspadham) for You. Your tanu (body) is athi-kOmalam
(extremely tender and soft). My words of praise, however softly worded, would rub harsh on
your tender ears because of their (ear's) softness. My words therefore needs to be excused for
their unintended harshness (VaachAm vimardha KshamA: - “athisukumArasya SthrI-
Vapusha: purusha-vachastavaam ayuktham ithi Bhaava:”).
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124
SLOKAM 43
In this slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar visualizes the stage of soundharyam of
SrIranganAyaki as some where between a child (saisavam) and feminine youth (Yuvathi):
HlP4l 7PT'³T F6+4 ¬ +lHl|9 +l¬l |T6-
H ¬ 7|FP6|4HPl =r|6 4l + B|¬Tt4l4H- ·
B 6 H H44l -+-+-+4|6T¹l ¬l× 9 6 Bl ¹¬
¬l ¬Ul 6|B Tl-67 |HTT¹¤lr T ¬lr¬P- +

aamaryAdham-akaNDakam sthana-yugam naadhyApi naalOkithA
bhru-bhEdha smitha vibhramaa jahathi vaa naisargikathvAyasa: |
soothE Saisava-Youvana vyathikarO ghAthrEshu tE sourabham
bhOga-srOthasi kaantha-dEsika kara grahENa gaahakshama: ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHADESIKAN:
Your eternal state is the intermediate stage between childhood and feminine youth. The
breasts have just started growing, one should say. The brow raising, the smile, etc. are said to
be parts of the prelude to the love-sport; a girl, who has reached the full youth, would feign
them. But then Mother Lakshmi has then almost as natural features even in the pre-youth
stage. May be it is regarded as a demerit for the female in the mundane world! That stage has
not yet passed off in Mother's case as yet! When You descend in the ocean of love-bliss, the
Lord Himself would act as tutor to you in the art of erotics, giving a helping hand, making
You fit for immersion --when You acquire a new fragrance fit and commensurate for the
amorous sport, even in that pre-youth state, permanent though.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
The enduring stage of the beauty of Sri RanganAyaki is frozen between that of a girl child
(Saisavam) and a fully blossomed feminine youth (TaruNa Yuvathi). AzhwArs are also fond of
visualizing the Lord in this fashion. For instance, One of the AzhwArs describes the Lord as
“ILam Kumaran” in one of the ThiruviNNagar Paasuram. Here, the AzhwAr visualizes the
Lord's beauty as some where between saisavam (childhood) and Yuvan (Nithya YuvA as
visualized by Vedam).
All the feminine features illustrate this unique state of Sri RanganAyaki. The stage is
beginning stage of Youvanam and the Saisavam has not completely left her. As a result, her
breasts are not fully developed (AamaryAdham akaNDakam Sthana Yugam). This is also the
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125
case of ParAnkusa Naayaki (MulayO Muzhu MuRRum pOnthila) as described by Swamy
NammAzhwAr. Vaathsya VeerarAghavAchArya Swamy comments in this context: “Sthana
parimANa Poorthi: adhyApi na jAthEthi” (The dimensions of Her breasts have not yet
attained full development). Only during PoorNa Youvanam, the breasts attain their full
dimensions (“PoorNa Youvana yEva PariNama Poorthi: syAth”).
Another feature of PoorNa Youvanam is that the woman displays readily the bewitching
play of the movement of the brows as a prelude to amorous play with her lover. Sri
RanganAyaki has not crossed however the stage of full blossomed Youth and yet her bending
of the brow and sweet smile suggest that She has reached the stage of fully-grown woman.
This is somewhat of a slander (apakIrthi) to the stage she really is in, since Her childhood
has not completely left Her.
Her Lord becomes Her Desikan (preceptor) in the engagement of love play: “BhOga
SrOthasi Kaantha Desika:” He lends His hand as it were to swim easily in the flood of love
play (Kara GrAhENa BhOga SrOthasi Kaantha: Desika: BhabhUva). He becomes Her
AchAryan for Kaama kalai. His help helps Her to become fit for the KrIDA PravAha
aanandham. Oh RanganAyakI! You at the junction of saisavam and Youvanam. Your limbs
and body movements attain an unparalled fragrance as a result of Your attaining the status of
BhOga Naayaki for Your Lord!
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126
SLOKAM 44
In this 44
th
Slokam, Sri Paraasara Bhattar elaborates on the meaning of one of the
ThiruvAimozhi Paasuram passages of Swamy NammAzhwAr (TVM 10.10.2), “Unn
ThirumArvatthu Maalai Nangai”, according to Dr.V.N. VedAntha Desikan (V.N.V.):
HlPl 7l6 HT‚ 6Hl|¬ 4l 4+7Hl -4lTl ¬P H¹¬l|+P6
Fl -74l P 6 B T Hl6¬|P7 ¬l4'4 B ×l|9 6P ·
~l¹ñ H|¹ Tl P¬lñ B P+FB-7¬ T 7 |4 6
Tl-6l ¹- 9|64¬Pr |6 T|4— |¤= PlPTl'7lT… ¬P +

AamOdhAdh-adbhuthasaali Youana-dasA vyAkOcham amlAnimath
SoundaryAmrutha sEka seethaLam-idham laavaNya SoothrArpitham |
SrI Rangeswari! kOmaLAnga Sumanas-sandharpaNam Devi ! tE
KaanthOra: pathiyathnam-arhathi kavim dhingmAmakANDAkulam ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
As Swamy NammAzhwAr pointed out in ThiruvAi Mozhi 10.10.2, Oh MahA Lakshmi!
You are a veritable garland in the chest of the Lord. The flowers of the garland are in the just-
now-blossoming state, even as you are in the stage of passing to Youth from Childhood--
eternal though, this transition! The blooming flowers emit a unique fragrance. The flowers
will emit this permanently, since they know no withering even as you know no further ageing
beyond the conjunction stage between childhood and Youth.
The flower --garland figured here has coolness from the sparkling of nectar from the
beauties of all component organs of your physique. These individual beauties --called
Soundharyaas --are all strung together in a twine, so to say, to give the resultant total beauty
called Laavanya; the individual limb beauties and the total garland are very sensitive even to
touch --why, even to a verbal praise (such as my verse in praise)!
This garland --namely yourself --is a wonderful decoration to the Lord's chest. But, what
have I done in my folly? I am a bad sinner, surely this! Fie upon me! Can I harm the far-too-
sensitive, delicate, flower garland by my verbal praise? What is Your nature? Your feet cannot
bear trampling on the pollen--dust even; Your hands cannot bear the toy-flower itself; in fact,
how could I reconcile to Your playing on the rough and tough chest of the Lord? How could I
dare describe You as a flower-garland on His chest, knowing fully well Your extreme
sensitiveness? What a bad poetry this, that I have created --not taking into account your
unique nature properly? May I be cursed for this!
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127
ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Sri Paraasara Bhattar takes himself to task for daring to describe through comparison of
Sri RanganAyaki to a perfectly fitting flower garland on the chest of Her Lord. He has second
thoughts about the poorness of that simile and feels contrite.
Sri RanganAyaki's Dhivya MangaLa Vigraham is described first as an exquisite flower
garland of unmatched fragrance.
“AamOdhAdhbhuthEna adhbhutha Sougandhya:” As a result of this dhivya gandham
(fragrance), this garland on the Lord's chest (Sri RanganAyaki), it attains an unmatched state
of excellence (adhbhuthasAli) in fragrance. Swamy NammAzhwAr celebrates the divine
fragrance of the tresses of MahA Lakshmi taking residence on the Lord's chest this way:
“Unn Thiru-mArvatthu Maalai Nangai vaasam sey poonkuzhalAL”. She is like the most
beautiful and fragrant garland on the Lord's chest. She Herself declares that She will not
leave that seat even for a fraction of a second (ahalahillEn yenRu). This is a permanent
fragrance, which does not ever diminish (youvana dasA vyAkOcham). It is associated with
the blossoming of Sri RanganAyaki as she lingers eternally between the state of a child and a
Youth full of feminine charm. Her soundharyam has a never fading coolness like an object
sprayed with nectar.
“amlAnam” here stands for a bright object that is unwithered. That amlAna
Soundharyam (beauty) is “soundhryAmrutha sEka SeethaLam”. Her soundharyam achieves
its unfaded peak status due to the sprinkling of the nectar her avayava sObhai (beauty of the
individual limbs being at the top of their youth). Those limbs brimming with beauty are the
flowers making up the garland that is you of exquisite beauty. Those flowers are strung
together in the base string (twine) of Your LaavaNyam (beauty). Your laavaNyam is like a
fast flowing stream that flows all over your limbs (SamudhAya avayava sObhai). Strung
together by Your laavaNyam, the flowers (limbs) constitute the most beautiful garland
(Yourself) resting on the Lord's chest.
Sri RangEswari! This delicate and beautiful garland (Yourself) is a magnificent and noble
alankAram for the chest of Your Lord.
What have I done now to this unique garland as a poet? I have crushed unintentionally
this most delicate garland by my words stating that this garland is the most appropriate one
for Your Lord's chest. How could that be? Fie on me for my poverty of imagination! I should
have known that your tender feet suffer even from the brushing with the pollen dust of the
lotus on which You are sitting! Your delicate hands feel the pain of lifting and holding the
lotuses (leelA pushpams) on Your two upper hands! How could such a tender and delicate fit
as an appropriate ornament for the hard and strong chest of Your Lord? I am thoroughly
mistaken in my comparison of you to a soft garland that finds its match on the chest of Your
Lord. I could not adequately express myself due to my poverty of imagination as a poet
daring to describe Your uniqueness. I deserve condemnation for my poor efforts to describe
Your uniqueness!
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SLOKAM 45
In this 45
th
slOkam, Sri Paraasara Bhattar with liberty salutes SrI RanganAyaki for
delighting the heart of Her Lord all the time for our benefit:
PP F9 Hl ¹B|B¹l -4|6|4\4 4 ¬ -
Tl-6l 9¬l ¬¬|¬6 ¬› |¬6lñ4|7- ·
9 !9l4=l4 ¹|BTHP¹l 9¬ ±l
t4 7 |4 ! |+t4P|¬+-74B P T… -7P +

marma sprusO rasasirA vyathividhya vrutthai:
KaanthOpa bhOga lalithai: lulithAnga-yashti: |
pushpaavaleeva rasika bramarOpa bhukthA
thvam dEvi ! nithyam abhinandhayasE Mukundham ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
When You both are in amorous sport, the connoisseur-- beetle that the Lord is, tramples,
troubles and tickles the ultimate nerves of Your emotion with the result that the flower-
garland that You are, gets crushed and disarranged; and this Bliss that You both experience is
for the ultimate good of all of us that You have thought fit to confer on Him, the great
Deliverer of all of us!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
PerumAL is the divine bee that is a connoisseur. He enjoys His divine consort, who is the
equivalent of a delicate flower. Her emotions are strung to a high pitch as they enjoy each
other intensively. The Lord reaches heights of bliss during such an experience. During this
encounter, the delicate limbs of Sri RanganAyaki get crushed and she feels exhausted. She
makes Her Lord happy for our sake. Dr.V.N.V points out that this slOkam is an elaboration
of the Thirukkurahi PirAn PiLLAn's 6,000 padi commentary on Thiruvaimozhi paasuram
(VI.7.8): “Osintha oNNmalarAL Kozhunan…”. PiLLan comments: “The union of PirAtti
with Her Lord makes her feel like a delicate flower garland that has been trampled by an
eager bee looking for nectar:”.
Sri ParAsara Bhattar celebrates here the BhOga Leelai or SambhOga VilAsam between
our divine parents. The Lord is saluted as “Rasika Bhramaram” (Connoisseur Bee). She is the
PushpAvaLi or tender flower garland, the target of that enchanted bee, the rasAsvAdhana
chathuran (connoisseur of amorous art) enjoying the Rasa Naadi of His dear consort. This
experience leaves Her exhausted like the flowers in the garland crushed by the enjoying bee,
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Her Lord. Through this enjoyment, Sri RanganAyaki makes Her Lord's eyes and heart throb
with Joy (nayana- hrudhaya aanandham) for our benefit.
Sri ParAsara Bhattar addresses the divine consort of Sri RanganAyaki as “Mukundhan”
in this verse of Sri GuNa Rathna kOsam. This sacred name is the 518
th
naamam in Sri Vishnu
Sahasra Naamam for which Bhattar wrote a lengthy commentary known as “Bhagavath
GuNa DarpaNam”. There, Bhattar comments that the name Mukundhan symbolises the
One and only Salvation grantor (Moksha PradhAyakan). He explains that the name
Mukundhan is arrived at from the union of two words, “Mukthim+ dhadhAthi” under the
grammatical rule known as PrishOdhaara, which permits unusual combination of words
outside normal rules of Grammar. It appears that there is a union here between Sri GuNa
Rathnam of Sri RanganAyaki and Bhagavath GuNa DarpaNam of Lord RanganAthan.
“Rangastala Sri Ranganaayaki Sametha Sri Ranganaathar”
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SLOKAM 46
In the 46
th
slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar the divine beauty (dhivya soundharyam) of
His Mother:
T+T¹H+lP ±l6l³Trl¹¬¬l|³Tl-
P|TB¹6 ¬lTl |³9l4= +l7 +=l|4T !·
9T |6P¤ ¹ ¬l× =l¬|6 P¹¤|4¬9T-
4¬4HT¬ T ¹¤ 9 !9 ¾ T-9¬6l 4¤l +

Kanaka rasanaa mukthaa thADtanga haara lalAdikaa--
maNisara tulAkODi prAyair JanArdhana JeevikE ! |
prakruthi madhuram gAthram jaagarthi mugdha-vibhUshaNai:
valayasakalair-dhugdham pushpaisccha kalpalathA yaTaa ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
(As) the life-giving creeper that you are to the lord JanArdhanan, I address you this way.
You are inherently very sweetly beautiful. As if one can add charm to this supreme charm of
Yours, You adorn Yourself with gold girdle-belt, pearl earrings, pearl necklaces, forehead
pendant, gem-laces, anklets etc. Are these but sugar candy bits added to sweeten (further) the
milk that Your inherent beauty is? Yes.
Or are they the flowers that have bloomed on the Kalpaka creeper that your charm can be
figuratively pictured? Yes.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
SrI RanganAyaki is like a Sanjeevini- Kalpala lathai to Sri RanganAthan. Her inherent
beauty does not need any additional ornaments. When such ornaments are added by the
kinkaris (servants) of the inner chamber, then the samudhAya soundharyam (Collective
beauty) is enhanced many fold and that dhivya Soundharyam captivates the Lord. He falls
under her spell. If Sri Ranganaayaki of limitless innate beauty is the life-giving creeper to
JanArdhana-Rangan, then the ornaments added to enhance her dhivya soundharyam are like
the budding, beautiful blossoms on that Kalpakaa creeper.
The naamam “Janaarrdhanan” is the 128
th
Sahasra Naamam of VishNu. The explanation
given by Swamy ParAsara Bhattar for this naamam is: “RakshAprathipakshAn janaan
anapEkshO ardhayathi ithi” - He is the destroyer of persons, who are antagonistic. He is
known as Janaardhana, since He destroys without expecting any outside help those, who are
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antagonistic to BhakthAs). Sri RanganAyaki is recognized as “JanArdhana JeevikA”, the life-
giving creeper of Her Lord. She removes His aayAsams (fatigue/KaLaippu) and restores
Him back to His erstwhile joyous state. She is like a moolikai for Him; she is the Rangaraja
Jeevana Oushadhi. Her charm and beauty is natural (SvabhAva Ramyam) and the adorning
of the beautiful jewelry (Sundara AabharaNams) makes Her appear like a Kalpaka Creeper in
bloom. The aabharaNams add to Her natural beauty and enhance Her natural beauty like the
sweetness of milk enriched by the addition of Sugar.
“Ranganaayaki Thaayar– Utsavar”
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SLOKAM 47
In the 46
th
slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar eulogized the divine beauty (dhivya
soundharyam) of His Mother. In the 47th slOkam, Bhattar points out that the dhivya
Aayudhams and the DhivyAbharaNams of the Lord are shared by Sri RanganAyaki ThAyaar
Herself although the Lord out of consideration spares Her from discomfort of wearing His
heavy aayudhams in view of Her delicate ThirumEni:
FllPl-4¬l ¹4P|9 Tl F6 ¬4 =4-6l-
9¾l4 ¤l|7 ¹PT- F44P 4 |4H¹6 ·
6Tl¹G 7|P4 6 9|¹r6 TlP-
~l¹ñ¤lPP|TPV|¹ ! ¬lr6 t4lP +

SaamAnya bhOgyamapi Kosuthuba Vaijaynthi-
panchAyudhAdhi ramaNa: svyamEva Bhibhrath |
tadhbhAra-khEdhamiva tE pariharthukAma:
SrIrangadhAma maNi manjari ! gaahathE thvAm ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Treasure of Srirangam City! The KhousthubhA gem, the Vaijayanthi garland, the five
weapon-ornaments such as Chakra, Saranga, etc., are all common decoration ornaments for
both of you. Both can wear all of them. May be, the Lord wears them all lest their weight
should harm your too-sensitive body You are to be spared the strain of load-bearing.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar salutes Sri RanganAyaki ThAyaar with a beautiful nAmam:
“Sriranga-DhAma-MaNi-Manjari”. She is recognized here as the invaluable gem-assembly of
Sriranga dhivya Desam. She is the crest jewel (rathna gucchikA) of Sriranga-dhAma Hari, Sri
RanganAthan. She and Her Lord are joint owners of all the divine weapons and auspicious
ornaments that the Lord Traditionally wears. Both of them are entitled to wear them. The
Lord thinks about her slender and delicate frame and spares Her the burden of wearing these
heavy weapons and AabharaNams. He wants to enjoy Her free of any discomfort caused by
the protocol to wear these heavy AabharaNams and Aayudhams. He wants to spare Her any
fatigue from wearing Vahana aayaasam these heavy entities. The discomfort arising from
adorning of heavy aabharaNams and aayudhams is referred to as “BhAra KhEdham”. As
“Lakshmi Rakshakan”, Lord RanganAthan, the LakshmI SahAyan, bears the burden, which
is too much for His Devi's KomaLAngam.
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SLOKAM 48
In the 48
th
slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar pays tribute to our ThAyAr MahA Lakshmi
in the context of Her Lord's many avathArams:
4|7 P+ =|6¹¾l ¬l¬4l 6 -44 ¬ -
H+ =+ ¹+ -9l 7 |4 ! +l4l6|¹!4- ·
HB¹BP¬|4!4¬P +l¤F4 Pl6- !
7¹7=7¹|4-7l 7-6Tl-6l46l|¬ !+

yadhi manujathirascchAm leelayA thulyavrutthE:
anujanuroopA Devi! naavAtharishya: |
asarasamabhavishyan narma NaaTasya Maatha:
dhara-dhaLadharavindhOdantha kaanthAyathAkshi ! ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N.VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother MahA Lakshmi, whose eye-charm is the only phenomenon that would be
recalled by anyone perceiving, lotus in the nearest blooming stage! The Lord takes many
births --not like all else by reason of Karma, His births are avathArAs adopted by Himself out
of His own will, to suit a need. He wished to weave a certain sweet sport that would please
all. Whenever He takes a birth like this as an avathArA, it is a descent into the world from His
Supreme Abode, You too take a suitable matching avathArA. If only You had not done so, the
whole sport of the Lord schemed to be enacted in the world would have been dull and dreary,
devoid of a flavor or taste for all-- You, Your consort-- and all discerning devotees too! You
add a flavor to His sportive exploits.
ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
The beauty of Sri RanganAyaki’s eyes is compared to the beauty of about-to-blossom
lotus flower. This stage of lotus is described as “Ishadh-vikasitha PuNDarIkam”. The lustre
of the broad eyes (VisAlAshi) of our Mother is compared to the special lustre of the lotus at
that stage of blossoming.
What our Mother SriranganAyaki does during the avathArams of Her Lord is next
described. She never leaves Her Lord's side ever (ahalahillEn iRayum yenRu AlarmEl
Mangai uRai MaarbhA). She accompanies Him in a suitable form in all His avathArams to
gladden His heart through Her Nithya sambhandham. That Mithunam (Couple) is our
Object of surrender.
She is “anapAyinI” according to VishNu PurANa Vachanam: “NithyaivaishA
JaganmAthA VishNO: SrI: anapAyini”. The combination of the two words “NithyA and
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134
anapAyinI” point out that are never ever separated from each other. The Lord Himself
reminds us of this tatthvam: “Mama SarvAthmabhUthasya NithyaivashA anapAyinI”.
Therefore MandOdhari saluted MahA Lakshmi (Sithaa PirAtti) as “Nithya SrI”. PerumAL
and PirAtti are “Nithya Yukthars” (always United). They are together in the states of Param,
VyUham, Vibhavam, Archai and AntharyAmi.
In this slOkam, ParAsara Bhattar dwells on the avathAra rahasyam of the Lord elaborated
by BhagavAn in His GithOpanishad and goes on further to reveal the avathAra Rahasyam of
PirAtti. She takes the appropriate forms in each of His avathArams (SeethA during
RaamAvathAram, RukmiNi during KrishNAvathAram). Her avathArams like Her Lord's are
not under the control of karma as in the case of DevAs, Humans, animals and plants. These
avathArams are because of their own Sankalpam.
Sri U.Ve. NavalpAkkam RaamAnuja TaatAchAr Swamy quotes the PerumAL
sambhAvanai manthram from TaitthIrIya BrahmaNa Manthram. Portion of the Manthram is:
“SamujjAnayE VishNavE dhadhAsathi-- bruhatthE VishNO Sumathim BhajAmAhE”. The
key word has been identified by the NavalpAkkam Swamy as “SamujjAnayE”. He quotes the
Saayana BhAshyam for this important word: “sushtu maadhyanthI HrushyanthI
LAKSHMYAAKHYAA jaayA yasyAsou SAMUJJAANI: Tasmai”. For the greatest of the Lord,
She is the inseparable companion in all states and she gladdens His heart through Her eternal
presence as anapAyinI.
Sri Vishnu PurANam celebrates this inseparable presence of MahA Lakshmi with her
Lord in avathArams as well:
RaaghavathvEabhavath SethA RukmiNI KrishNajanmani
anyEshuchAvathArEshu VishNO: SriranapAyinI
In RaamAvathAram, She took the avathAram of SeethA Devi; in KrishNAvathAram, She
incarnated as RukmiNI. In all avathArAs of Her Lord, She takes an anuroopam and the Lord
is never without Her presence. Swamy Desikan salutes this union as “NithyAnapAya
Dhvandhvathvam”.
VaikAnasa Aagama expert, Dr. S. Mutthu Bhattar quotes in the recent special issue of
HayagrIva PriyA Journal on Sri Tatthvam a passage relating to Sri Devi's avathAra rahasyam:
BhrugO: khyAthyAm Samuthpanna Sripooravamudhathou puna:
Deva Dhanava yathnEna prasoothAmrutha amndhanE
Yath yatha jagath swami devadevo janaardhana:
Avathaaram karOthyashaa tathaa sristathsahaayinI
--Sri VaikAnasa ArchanA NavanItham: 5.28 & 29
(MEANING):
She was born as a result of Bhrugu Maharishi first and took on the name of BhArgavI.
When the DEvAs and AsurAs churned the milky ocean for nectar, she was born again as Sri
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Devi. Whenever the Lord of the Universe takes on an avathAram, Sri Devi also takes an
appropriate avathAram to be near Him as Saha DharmachAriNI.
Dr. Mutthu Bhattar quotes another slOkam in this context:
dEvathvE dEvathEhEyam manushyathvE cha MaanushI
punasccha Padma sambhUthA AaddhithYabhUth YathA Hari:
(MEANING):
If PerumAl incarnates as a Devan, MahA Lakshmi, His consort will incarnate as Deva
SthrI. If PerumAL incarnates as a human, she will take an anuroopam as a human lady.
PerumAL -PirAtti sambhandham is thus inseparable and well matched.
“Madhyarangam Ranganaayaki Thaayar– Karnataka”
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SLOKAM 49
In the 49
th
slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar pays tribute to Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr as
the MahA Lakshmi, who through Her smile and glances reduced the fatigue of the Lord
during His efforts to churn the milky ocean to release Amrutham. In the context of Her
Lord's many avathArams, amrutha MaTanam is taken as an example here to illustrate how
the Divine Consort of the Lord helps Him during KoormAvathAram intended for helping with
the churning of the milky ocean with Vaasuki as the rope and Mandra malai as the Churning
rod:
FG|¬6T³TPl-4 7l |¬ ¹|-¤ P ¹l¹ -
¬¬4|6 ! 7|¤Pl¤ P°+6- ~l|-6Hl-t4 ·
HP7P 66¹ñl46 6- 9lT¹l|B-
|FP6+4+B ¤l|¬|FB¾6l ¬|-ãT 4 +

skalitha kaDaka maalyai: dhOrbhiraBdhim MurArE:
Bhagavathi ! dadhimATam maTnatha:ShrAnthi Saanthyai: |
Brahmadhamrutha taranga aavarthatha: prAthurAsI
smitha nayana sudhAbhi: simchathI ChandrikEva |
MEANING:
Oh Bhagavathi! Oh RanganAyakI of Six auspicious attributes (ShADguNya paripoornai)!
Your Lord churned the milky ocean one day. He would not have any aayAsam (Fatigue) from
that monumental effort, since He is BhagavAn (ShADguNuya ParipoorNan). Even with that
certainty, His sport would not have given Him satisfaction, if He did not show the aspects of
exertion as revealed by His AbharaNams and flower garlands slipping from His limbs. That
is how we view the scene! He churned the milky ocean like those churning milk in a clay pot
with a wooden churning rod to bring out the butter. Only the dimensions of the operation
were different in His case.
Oh MahA LakshmI! You arose from a whirlpool (Suzhi) in the middle of the Ocean to
give Him relief from His exertions as it were! With Your captivating smile and auspicious
glances, you drove away Your Lord's exertions. You soaked the Lord in Your moon-ray like
nectarine coolness and drove away His fatigue .No Wonder you are known as Amrutha
SahajA (PeNNamuthu) as a result!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
The Lord's KaDakam, Valayam, Maalikais and Maalyams slipped away from His limbs as
He churned the milky Ocean with both hands. KshIrArNavam (Milky Ocean) was like the
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dhadhi that was churned to release Nectar. He was acting as though He was fatigued from
the effort. Then MahA Lakshmi appeared (prAdhurAsi) to chase away the ShrAnthi of the
Lord and to produce ShAnthi. This she accomplished effortlessly with Her Smitha-nayana-
sudhAbhi: (With her waves of nectarine glances and smiles -manthahAsam). Like nectarine
waves, those smiles and glances of MahA Lakshmi soaked the Lord, comforted Him and
energized Him to complete His self-appointed task. His ultimate reward was the
PeNNamudhu, MahA Lakshmi, while the DevAs got just nectar.
Indran, who lost all his Isvaryam due to the curse of Sage DhurvAsar, approached the
Lord for help thru BrahmA for restoration of that lost wealth. That led to amrutha maTanam
described in the 8th Canto of Srimadh BhAgavatham. After the DevAs and the asuraas gave
up their efforts, the Lord Himself took over the churning:
maTayamAnAtthtaTA sindhO: DevAsura varUTapai:
yadha SudhA na jaayathE nirmamanTAjitha: Svyam
-- BhAgavatham : 8.7.16
Our Lord is saluted here as Ajithan, One who is not conquered by anyone. He Himself
took over the churning. Many auspicious things came out of His effort (e.g.): KaamdhEnu,
Kousthubha rathnam, Kalpaka Vruksham, IrAvadham et al.
Finally, the supremely effulgent SthrI Rathnam, MahA LakshmI arose out of the milky
ocean illuminating all directions with her luster. She were like a creeper of lighting flashing
through the directions:
tathascchAvirabhUth sakshAcchchIramA Bhagavathparaa
ranjayanthi disa: kaanthyA vidhyuthsoudhAmani yaTA
---Bhaagavatham: 8.8.8
(MEANING):
Thus appeared before all, SaakshAth Sri Devi, who is MahA Lakshmi just like a creeper
of lightning illumining all directions. She appeared from the Milky Ocean and had limitless
affection and love for BhagavAn.
Her Thirumanjanam and alankAram are described by Swamy Desikan (Sri Sthuthi: agrE
Bharthu:) and Srimath BhAgavatham. Indra is blessed by Her and he recovers his Isvaryam
and eulogizes Her in Indra Sri Sthuthi.
Just as Srimath RaamAyaNam described the inseparability of the Lord and His PirAtti as
“BhAskarENa PrabhA yatha”, (Suryan and its effulgence), this SlOkam of Bhattar pays
tribute to the Sriranga Dhampathis as Chandran and his rays (Chandra-ChandrikA), which
are inseparable.
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One of the PaancharAthra Samhithais, JayAkya Samhithai attests further to the
inseparability of this divine couple this way:
Sooryasya RasmayO yathvAth
OormayasyachAmbhudhErivaa
Sarvaisvarya PrabhAvEna Kamalaa
SrI TEstathA
(MEANING):
MahAlakshmi stays united with Her Lord, Sriya: Pathi in an inseparable manner just as
the rasmi (lustre) of Sooryan is inseparable from it and just as the waves are inseparable form
the Ocean.
Adhi Thiruvarangam Ranganaayaki Thaayar with Perumal
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SLOKAM 50
The 50
th
slOkam is the beginning of a set of slOkams through which Swamy ParAsara
Bhattar instructs us that MahA Lakshmi is the UpAyam (Means for Moksham), UpEyam
(the Goal, the Lakshyam and PrApyam) and that she is a Vibhu like Her Lord. She as
Bhagavathi has Thulya SeelA (equal in auspicious features in every aspect with Her Lord, the
BhagavAn).
In these slOkams as elsewhere in Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar
elaborates on the doctrines housed in AchArya RaamAnujA's SaraNAgathi Gadhyam (first
choorNikai), Swamy KurEsar's Sri Sthavm and Swamy Alavandhaar's ChathusslOki.
AchArya RaamAnujA started his SaraNAgathi Gadhyam with the salutation to the
abhimadha, anuroopa Roopa- Svaroopa-GuNa -Vibhava-Isvarya-SeelA aspects of Sri
RanganAyaki and concluded the first choorNikai with Prapatthi to Her: “akhila
jaganmAtharam, asaraNya-saraNyAM ananya-saraNa: SaraNam aham prapadhyE”.
In the 50
th
slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar pays tribute to Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr as
the SaranAgatha Rakshaki. The effectiveness of Thrijadai's SaraNAgathi to SeethA PirAtti is
used an example here. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar points out that Her “UkthyA kshamou” was
superior to Her Lord's SaraNAgatha RakshaNam in the case of VibhishaNaazhwaan and
KaakAsuran. Swamy Desikan deals at great length on the SaraNAgathis of VibhishaNan and
KaakAsuran in his Sri Sookthi known as “Abhaya PradhAna Saaram”. The 50
th
slOkam of Sri
GuNa Rathna kOsam is as follows:
¹ll6P |¤|¬ ! ¹l¬BlFt4|4 67 4lãl 9¹l¤lFt44l
¹¬-t4l 94+ltP=l‘¤ 6¹l ¹lPF4 ¬l Ul T 6l ·
TlT 6 ¬ |4¬l9T H¹T|Pt4 |±¬Pl ¹¬6-
Bl +- Bl-ãPrl¬B- B G46 ¬l|-6F64l55T|FPTl +

Maathar-Mythili! RaakshasIs-thvayi tadhaiva-ardhrapardhAs-thvyaa
RakshanthyA PavanAthmajaallaghutharaa Raamasya GhOshti kruthA |
Kaakam tamcha VibhIshaNam SaraNamithi-ukthikshamou rakshatha:
Saa na: saandhramahAgasas-sukhayathu KshAnthis-tavAkasmikI ||

Here Swamy ParAsara Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as “Maathar-Mythili”. Oh My
Mother Mythili! You are my nirupAdhika (Unconditional) Janani (Mother)! You took on the
incarnation of SitA to accompany Your Lord during RaamAvathAram. You were kidnapped
by RaavaNan and he incarcerated you in AshOka Vanam and put ugly and cruel Raakshasis
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as Your guards. They tormented you and committed so many apachArams and goaded you to
marry their king, RaavaNan. Among all the Raakshasis was one by the name Thrijadai, who
was the daughter of VibhIshaNan. She had a dream in which she saw Raavanan being
destroyed by Lord Ramachandran and His retinue of Monkeys and bears. She woke up from
her dream and counseled her fellow raakshasis to save themselves from the wrath of Lord
Raamachandran by performing SaraNAgathi at the sacred feet of SitA PirAtti:
tadhalam krUravAkyairva: saanthamEva abhidhIyathAm
abhiyAchAma VidhEhimEdadhi mama rOchathE
---Sundara KaaNDam, Srimath RaamAyaNam : 27.54
(MEANING):
Oh RaakshasIs! Enough of your threatening words to SitA Devi! Please speak to her with
humility from now on. Let us beg SitA Devi to protect us from Her Lord's anger. This is the
only appropriate thing to do.
PraNipAtha prasannA hi MaithilI JanakAthmajA
Alameshaa parithrAthum RaakshasyO mahathO BhayAth
--Sundara KaaNDam, Srimath RaamAyaNam : 27.57
(MEANING):
If we pray to SitA PirAtti and seek Her refuge and protection, She will not be angry at us
anymore. She has the full power to protect us from the great harm that is ahead of us.
HanumAn was witness to these statements by Thrijadai counseling Prapatthi at the feet
of SitA PirAtti.
Now the scene shifts from Sundara KaaNDam to Yuddha KaaNDam. The same
HanumAn, who had witnessed the maltreatment of SitA DEvi by the Raakshasis, has another
opportunity to witness the greatness of SitA PirAtti.
The time was after RavaNa samhAram. The place was AshOka Vanam in Lankai.
HanumAn had rushed to SitA Devi's side to let Her know that the destruction of RavANan at
the hands of Her Lord had taken place. Their HanumAn saw all the Raakshasis, who had
committed the offense of causing pain to SitA Devi. HanumAn was mighty mad and sought
the permission of SitA PirAtti to destroy those RaakshasIs. He pointed out that the
demonesses have no repentance over the treatment they meted out to SitA PirAtti in their role
as her jailors. He argued that all of the RaakshasIs deserve to be killed:
imAsthu khalu RaakshasyO yadhi thvamanumanyE
hanthumicchAmi thaa: sarvA yaabhisthvam tarjithA purA
--Sri ValmIki RaamAyaNam: Yuddha KaaNDam: 113.30
(MEANING):
Oh SitA PirAtti! “If you permit me, I for my part would surely make short work of all these
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notorious RaakshasIs, by whom you have been intimidated in the past”.
The most merciful SaraNAgatha rakshaki, SitA PirAtti counseled HanumAn against such
rash deeds with these very famous words:
paapAnAm vaa SubhAnAm vaa vadhArhaNamaTApi vaa
Kaaryam kaaruNyamAryENa na kascchinnaparAdhyathi
--Sri VaalmIki RaamAyaNam : Yuddha KaaNDam:113.45
(MEANING):
“Compassion should by a noble soul towards sinners as well for the good, nay, even for
those deserving death. There is none who never commits a wrong”
In the next slOkam, SitA PirAtti goes one step further to reveal Her DayA Svaroopam:
lOka-himsA-vihArANAm krUrANAm paapakarmaNAm
kurvathAmapi paapAni naiva kaaryamasObhanam
--Yuddha KaaNDam: 113.46
(MEANING):
“No evil should be done even to those cruel men of sinful deeds, who revel in genocide,
and continue to perpetrate sins”. She implies that they should be saved, if they seek
protection.
HanumAn, the scholar in Nava VyAkaraNam answers SitA PirAtti appropriately and
praises Her as the Consort worthy of the Lord in being the abode of GuNa Rathnams
including DayA, SaraNAgatha Vaathsalyam and Rakshakathvam:
yukthA Raamasya bhavathI dharmapathnI GUNAANVITHAA
pathisamdisa maam Devi gamishyE yathra Raaghava:
--Yuddha KaaNDam : 113.48
(MEANING):
Oh Maathar Mythili! Jagan MaathA! Thou art indeed the perfect match for Your great
husband as a dharma pathni. You match His anantha KalyANa GuNams in all aspects.
Please give me a message to take back to Your Lord!
HanumAn understands the power of the earlier appeal of Thrijadai on behalf of the
offending Raakshasis to SitA Devi. The most merciful Mother remembered that appeal and
protected the Raakshasis.
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SLOKAM 51
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Matharlakshmi! yaTaiva MyTilijanastEnAdhvanA tE vayam
thvaddhAsyaika-rasAbhimAna-subhagair-bhaavairihaamuthra cha |
jAmAthA DayithastavEthi BhavathI sambhnadha-dhrushtyA Harim
pasyEma prathiyAma yaama cha paricharAn prahrushyEma cha ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother MahA LakshmI! Even as the citizens of MiTilA looked on, loved and
respected, Sree RaamA, as Your Consort, and as the son-in-law of King Janaka, we, today,
Your people, Your subjects truly, look on SrI RanganAthA on the basis of His connection
with You (i.e.), we revere Him, we love Him, we serve Him -- ALL of the above as Your
Consort, that way, He being our son-in-law, so to say, even as the son-in-law of PeriyAzhwAr,
so to say. That is how He earns a denomination as RamyajAmAthA! As such, since we have a
relation to the Lord through You, we would cherish --here and in Sri Vaikuntam too -- a view
of the Lord as Your consort, surrender unto You and a service to You-- all to You, Sri
RanganAyaki! That way is our joy!

EXTENDED COMMENTS:
Here, ParAsara Bhattar categorically states that his connection to Sri RanganAthaa is
through Sri RanganAyaki alone. He says that he will look at the Lord, think about Him, serve
Him, perform prapatthi at His Thiruvadi and be soaked in the bliss of that anubhavams, only
in the context of the Lord being the Consort of Sri RanganAyaki. Bhattar says here that all he
wishes for in this world is to enjoy the aanandham of serving Sri RanganAyaki as he would at
Nithya vibhUthi. Bhattar points out that Sri RanganAthan will have a special place in His
heart for him and others who recognize Him only as the consort of Sri RanganAyaki. He will
consider such bhakthAs as PeNN VeettukkArarkaL and treat them with special affection.
Those dear bhakthAs delight Him by addressing Him as Azhagiya MaNavALan, our
MaappiLLai and PeriyAzhwAr's MaappiLLai. He is thrilled over His Sambhandham with
MahA Lakshmi (SitA PirAtti in RaamAvathAram) and treats the BhakthAs, who remind of
Him of this sambhandham (as Jaanaki Kaanthan) as special people (antha: pura janam), who
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will receive His special anugraham and krupai.
Oh Our Mother, MahA LakshmI! The citizens of MiTilA nagaram consider you as their
own and cherish their sambhandham with you. We at Srirangam feel the same way:
“vayamapi SveeyA:” (We are also Your own). We therefore have mukhya preethi for You even
while we perform Kaimkaryams for Your Lord in the context of His special position as
YOUR consort and YengaL ahatthu MaappiLLai (Bhagavath KaimkaryEpi Thvath
Kaimkarya Buddhi:). He was the son-in-law of King Janaka and PeriyAzhwAr. Our Kimkara
vrutthi to Your Lord is propelled by the thought that He is our family's son-in-law. We are
blessed to belong to You and gain this distinction through You. We are indeed MyTili Janam.
“Thvath Priya Ithi cha Sri RangarAjam vayam upacharAma:” (we will offer Him reverence
and serve Him because He is Your Lord, our MappiLLai through Your sambhandham). Your
Lord and our son-in-law, Azhagiya MaNavALan considers Himself Dhanyan because of
being the object of Your kaDAksham. If that were to be so, how can anyone attribute
aNuthvam and JeevakOti pravishtathvam to you? Like his father, Bhattar performs
SaraNAgathi to Sri RanganAyaki:
“Thaamm DevadEva MahishIm SRIYAM AasrayAma:”
Sri RanganAyaki's Svaroopa, Roopa, GuNa, Isvaryams are thus celebrated and Sri
RanganAyakan gets elevated through His Sambhandham with Her.
Vinaitheerkkum Thaayaar– Thiruchcherai
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SLOKAM 52
In the 52
nd
slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar focuses further on the Vaathsalyam of SrI
RanganAyaki for Her erring children and the special efforts She takes to influence Her Lord
positively in favor of Her/Their children:
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pithEva thvath prEyAn Janani! paripoorNAgasi janE
hitha srOthO vruthyA bhavathi cha kadAchith kalushadhI: |
kimEthath nirdhOsha: ka iha jagathIthi thvamuchithai:
upAyair vismArya svajanayasi MaathA tadhasi na: ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother! This view is not merely our personal view. It is indeed your perspective on
things (as well). For, Your Consort, Lord RanganAthA has a tendency to be harsh on
(towards) us under certain circumstances, even if it were in our own interest. A father ought to
do it, as it is the order of the worldly things. But you always intercede, argue on our behalf,
and, when necessary question Him “Who in the world is free from some occasional error?
After all, to err is human!” Not only that: You would even conspire to make Him forget our
transgressions, for which You would employ Your enticing impact, love-play etc, -- which is
all in the nature of any worldly mother. Yes, you are our Mother indeed!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
This and the previous slOkam suggest that the PurushakAram (intercession and pleading
for us with Her Lord) arises directly out of our ThAyAr's great affection (vaathsalyam) for us
in spite of the many transgressions by us of Her Consort's Saasthrams.
To understand PurushakArathvam of Periya PirAtti, we have to understand the Dhvaya
ManthrAdhikAram of SrImath Rahasya Thraya Saaram.
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Swamy Desikan quotes here a slOkam of Swamy AruLALa PerumAL EmperumAnAr:
AakAriNasthu vij~nAnam Aakaara Jn~Ana poorvakam tEnAkAram SRIYAN
Jn~AthvA jn~AthavyO BhagavAn Hari:
(MEANING):
Only after understanding the attributes (VisEshaNam) of a vasthu, we can begin to
understand the vasthu. Therefore, we can understand BhagavAn only after understanding
His pradhAna VisEshaNam, PirAtti.
VisEshaNam is a word or a tatthvam that qualifies or defines another and is recognized
as an adjective or a distinguishing attribute.
Swamy Desikan proceeds thereafter to derive the six meanings of SrI Sabdham and
connects them to Her PurushakAra anugraham as per PaancharAthra Saasthram. These six
meanings are indicated in the following pramANam:
SruNAthi nikhilAN dhOshAn SrINAthi cha guNair-jagath SreeyathE chAkhilair-
nithyam SrayathE cha param padham Srayantheem SriyamANam cha SruNathIm
SruNvathImapi

THE SIX MEANINGS OF THE WORD SRI:
These six aspects of SrI sabdham are: (1) SrIyathE (2) SrayathE (3) SruNOthi (4)
SrAvayathi (5) SruNAthi (6) SrINAthi.
Among these, the two aspects of her anugraham (SrIyathE and SrayathE). These two
aspects are close to the PurushakArathvam of our Mother. She intercedes on our behalf,
reduces the anger of Her Lord and enhances his “sahaja KaaruNyam” in Her role as the
affectionate and caring Mother (Maathruthva Vaathsalyam). She questions Her Lord: “Is
there a chEthanam that has not erred?” As she stated in SithAvathAram: “na kascchin-
nAparAdhyathi”. She also charms her husband with Her Bhogams and reduces His anger at
the erring chEthanams and serves as the PurushakAra BhUthai. That the Lord is totally
under her bhOgaanubhavam is referred to by Swamy NammAzhwAr in ThiruvAimozhi
3.10.8:
“Alli Malar MakaL BhOga-mayakkuhaL aahiyum niRkum AmmAn”
(MEANING):
Our Lord is enchanted by the BhOga anubhavam of His consort, Sri Devi and is totally
under her influence.
She as PurushakAra BhUthai pleads with Him to reduce Her Lord's anger at the erring
jeevans and also uses her infinite charm to achieve the same goal. Through Her natural
Motherly instincts, She saves us from the Lord's anger and prepares us to become the objects
of His grace and stays in the UpEya Sthaanam at the time of the jeevan's enactment of the
anushtAnam of SaraNAgathi. Swamy Desikan has blessed us with upadEsams on
PurushakArathvam and Prapatthi doctrines in His SrI Sookthi NikshEpa Rakshai.
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SLOKAM 53
In the 53
rd
and the 54
th
slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar visualizes SrI RanganAyaki
ThAyAr as SitA PirAtti, who suffered so much on our behalves and condemns those, who
cannot and will not comprehend Her Vaathsalyam and Compassion for us, the undeserving
wretched ones:
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nEtur nithyasahAyinI janani ! nastrAtum tvamatrAgatA
lOkE tvanmahimAvabOdhabadhirE prAptA vimardam bahu |
klishtam grAvasu malatImrudupadam vislishya vAsO vane
jAtO dhik karuNAm dhigastu yuvayO: svAtantryamatyankusam ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother! You are the perennial companion to the Great Lord and Master-Controller of
the whole Universe .You take birth in this world (along with Him) only to rescue all of us,
poor souls; what a pity You do it for the beings of this world, who are ignorant of this,
ignorant of Your greatness and totally blind and deaf to all that You are doing for their sake.
You walked on rough, rocky and thorny earth, lived in isolation in the island (Lanka) and
suffered separation from Your dear One. I grieve over all this.
You may contend that you did all these out of the Divine Grace and proverbial
independence that you both wield. Then, curse is on those virtues of yours! Fie on them! I
hate them! Because it is they that make you undergo (such) ordeals for the undeserving,
ungrateful wretches (of this world).

ADDITIONAL GENERAL COMMENTS ON THIS SLOKAM:
Thirumalai NallAn RaamakrishNa IyengAr summarizes the heart of this slOkam this way:
iRaiyOnuku yeNNALum thuNaivi ! ….intha lOkatthu
yemmai yErkka vanthu Nee padum paadenna? …..
niRai karuNaiyodu ThAyE ! Neevir koNda
neRi kadantha sutanthiramum ninthai seyvOm !
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The moving passage here is: “yemmai yERkka vanthu nee padum paadu enna?”
(For saving us through the act of SaraNAgathi, You have incarnated and undergone
unbearable sufferings. When we think of those sufferings that you voluntarily underwent, I
am driven to despair and anger and makes me shout, “Fie on these GuNAs” that drove you
to bear these sufferings.
“Dhig” is a Sanskrit expression for condemnation of anything that disgusts one (Fie on
that!). This is the ninthai that SrI Ramakrishna Iyengar is referring to. Swamy ParAsara
Bhattar is so overwhelmed by the thought of the indignations that SitA PirAtti suffered that
He uses “Dhig” twice. Once for condemning the KaruNA guNam and next for condemning
the SvAtantryam (independence), which made Her put up will all these sufferings for our
upliftment (Ujjeevanam).
Out of Her immense Mercy (KaruNai) and independence (SvAtantryam), She undergoes
a lot of sufferings. This is in conformity with her and Her Lord's avathAra rahasyams. They
conceal their Divinity and act as though they were mortals to show (to act out) the righteous
way. When Swamy ParAsara Bhattar thinks about the sufferings of Jaanaki MaathA during
RaamavathAram, he flies into a rage and condemns the two guNams of Her (KaruNai and
SvAtantryam), which made her undergo sufferings such as walking with Her Lord in the
rough forests full of thorny paths, separation form Her husband due to the cruelty of an
ayOgyan and mahA paapi like Raavanan and the anguish of separation form Her Lord at
AshOka Vanam. These sufferings piled up one over the other and our SitA Devi, the
embodiment of Kshamaa (forbearance) put up with these for the sake of showing us the
dhaarmic way. Swamy Bhattar is angry over these central incidents of RaamAvathAram and
the sufferings of Jaanaki MaathA and gives vent to his anger over those agonies.

COMMENTS ON THE FIRST PAADHAM OF THE SLOKAM:
“nEtu:” at the beginning of this slOkam refers to her Lord RanganAthan, who is the
controller, niyanthA (commander). He is the “nEthu” as visualized by SvEtasvatAra
Upanishad (6.7):
“Pathim PathInAm Paramam parasthAdh-
vidhAma dEvam BhuvanEsamIDyam”.
He is saluted here as the transcendent and adorable Master of the Universe and as the
Supreme Lord of Lords and the Supreme Ruler of this Universe.
She is the “Nithya sahAyini” of this “nEthu” and helps Him as His permanent saha-
dharma-chariNi. She helps as the means and goals for the chEthanams to gain Moksha
siddhi. She takes avathArams befitting His roopams during His avathArams (Roopa
Anuroopam).
She is JananI and has incarnated on this earth for our protection and salvation (Na:
thrAthum athra aagathA). She is SarvalOka Janani .She has Jagath- KaaraNa sambhandham
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(equal role in the creation of this universe with Her Lord). Therefore, she is Janani. Srushti
itself has been described as a result of Her DayA: “KaraNa KaLEbarai: ghaDayithum
DayamAnamanA”. She banishes all Bhagavadh-anubhava virOdhis and assures Moksham.
That is the purpose of her incarnation to bless us and protect us (na: ThrAthum aagathA).

COMMENTS ON THE SECOND LINE:
“lOke thvan-MahimA-avaBOdha-BadhirE prAptA vimardham bahu:”
In this world, there are many, who do not comprehend Your greatness (mahimai) and are
like the deaf and blind in this respect. “AvabhOdhanam” is perception or right judgment
based on clear comprehension of a subject. PirAtti's MahimA avabOdhanam is beyond many
unfortunate ones. In this matter they are like “Badhira:” or the BadhirAndha: (deaf and
blind). They do not have the capabilities that result as a result of SadAchArya KaDAksham.

COMMENTS ON THE THIRD LINE:
“Klishtam grAvasu mAalati-mrudu-padam vislishya vAsO vanE (jAtO)”
“Klishtam” refers to distress connected with sufferings and pain. What are those
distresses or torments suffered by SitA PirAtti? She walked on rough, gravelly and thorny
paths of the forests with Her Lord. Her creeper soft feet were torn by the gravels and thorns.
She suffered from the separation from Her Lord as a result of the abduction by the evil
RaavaNan. She spent her solitary days in the AsOka Vanam, where the haughty RaavaNan
tormented her with His advances.
HanumAn describes Her sufferings aptly in Sundara KaaNDam, when he sees Her first in
Her desperate state at AsOka Vanam:
maanyA guru-vinIthasya Lakshmanasya GurupriyA
yadhi SeethAapi dukh:rtthA KAALO HI DHURADHIKRAMA:
(MEANING):
What other evidence does one need to recognize the power of kaala gathi than seeing
SeethA --the object of worship of LakshmaNan known for his reverence for the bhAgavathAs
and the dear wife of SrI Ramachandran--undergoing such sufferings at LankA? She put up
with the threats of the raakshasis and at one time wanted to end Her life out of loneliness and
separation from Her dearest husband (SrEyO mE jeevithAn-marthum vihInAya
MahAthmana:/ Sundara KaaNdam: 26.45). Those were her sufferings during
RaamAvathAram.

COMMENTS ON THE FOURTH LINE:
“(jAtO) dhik! karuNAm dhik asthu yuvayO: svAtantryamatyankusam”
Your KaruNai and SvAtantryam are behind putting up all these sufferings to show the
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righteous way of Your Lord (RaamO VigrahavAn Dharma:). You are also a Dharma moorthy
and karuNAvaruNAlayam matching in every way with Your Lord. If you underwent these
unimaginable sufferings for the sake of the wretched and worthless, who have no
comprehension of what you want for them, condemnation be on those guNAs of Yours,
which are the root cause of Your sufferings.
ParAsara Bhattar has in mind the famous Paasuram of Swamy NammaAzwar
(Thiruvaimozhi: VII-.5.2)
nattil piRanthu padaathana pattu manisarkkA
naatai naliyum arakkarai naadi tadinthittu
naatai aLitthu uyyac-cheythu nadanthamai kEttumE
The Lord was born in manushya yOni and suffered garbha vaasam like a mortal for
twelve months, rejected raajyam, went to forest to fulfill His promise to His father with His
young bride and suffered untold sufferings (padAthana pattu) for the sake of the ungrateful
janams (sey nanRi aRiyAtha Maanidams). He saved the world and gave salvation to all those
Maanidams. SithA Devi did not undergo garbha vaasam like Her Lord, but underwent every
suffering including raajya Bramsam, vana vaasam and separation from her dear One. All this
is for the sake of the ungrateful humans, who are incapable of understanding her and her
Lord's Vaibhavam. Even Lord Ramachandra talks about the untold sufferings that He went
through out of His own sankalpam in AaraNya KaaNDam (Chapter 67 slOkam 24):
raajyam bhrashtam vanE vaasa:
SitA nashtaa mruthO dhvija:
idhrusIyam mama-alakshmI
nirdahEdhapi hi paavakam
(MEANING):
My kingdom is lost; exile to the forest was ordered for Me; SitA has also been lost; My
dear friend JatAyu (My dear friend in the forest) has died. Such indeed is my durbhAgyam
(alakshmI) that can consume fire itself (that consumes all).
Both these associated misfortunes as well as the unique ones experienced by SitA PirAtti
enrage Swamy ParAsara Bhattar and he curses the svAbhAvika GuNams (KaruNai and
SvAtantryam) of PirAtti for being the root causes of Her sufferings. Such is Bhattar's bhakthi
for SrI RanganAyaki, His Mother!
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SLOKAM 54
In the 54
th
slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar continues to pay his tribute to SrI
RanganAyaki ThAyAr during Her avathAram as SitA PirAtti to accompany the Lord during
His RamAvathAram. He points out that Her Lord will do anything to please Her:
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adhi-sayithavAn abdhim NaaTO mamanTa babandha tam
Hara-dhanur-asou vallIbhanjam Babanja cha MyTili
api dasamukhIm lUthvA raksha: Kabandhamanarthyat
kimiva na: pathi:karthA thvacchAru-chunchu manOraTa:

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother SitA! The Lord will do anything for your sake. He takes His reclining
residence on the milk-ocean, for the simple reason that you were once born in it. He churned
it once; when (it became) necessary, He built on it a bridge-link (Sethu) to secure you. Indeed
He broke the mighty bow of SivA just in order to win your hand, albeit, very easily as He
would a creeper-length; He cut asunder the ten-headed monster (RavaNA) to let his headless
trunk enact a dance!
What would Your consort not do for You, when He imagines that His only duty is to
please every one of Your mental fancies?

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS
In the context of SitAvathAram, ParAsara Bhattar addresses SrIranganAyaki here as
MyTili (adhI MyTili, just like in the Upanishads, “adhIhi BhagavO BrahmEthi”). Then,
Bhattar lists a variety of the activities of BhagavAn to please His dear Consort: “abhdhi-
sayana, tann-maTana, Hara dhanur-bhanjana, abdhi-bhandhana, raksha: kabandha nartana”
kaaryams.
Vatsya VeerarAghavAcchAr swamy comments about the order of the above deeds. He
says that the order does not stick to any kramam (Time sequence) and is all over the place.
First abdhi sayanam (reclining on the milky ocean) is mentioned and is followed by abdhi
manTanam (churning of the milky ocean for the PeNNamuthu, MahA Lakshmi); next comes
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breaking of the Siva Dhanus in SitA Svayamavram; the next item is sEthu bhandhanam
(building a dam across the southern ocean to get to Lanka to retrieve His consort); this is
followed by kabhandha narthanam (cutting of the heads of RaavaNA and letting his severed
trunk jump around in a dance-like pattern). The sequence of the acts of the Lord is described
in a helter-skelter way.
The proper order would be:
Breaking of the bow of Siva to marry SitA
Building a dam over the ocean to get to LankA
Destruction of RavaNA there in the battle field
Churning of the Milky Ocean to gain MahA Lakshmi, which is during the earlier
Koorma avathAram
Reclining on the milky ocean in honor of it being the place of birth of MahA
Lakshmi.
Vatsya VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy points out that the disorderly sequence is consistent
with a PramANa Vaakyam: “athyantha bhakthi-yukthAnAm naiva Saasthram na cha
krama:” (For those endowed with deep devotion, there is no saasthram or time-based
ordering of the items selected during recall). The conclusion is that Bhattar's bhakthi
adhisayam leads to a random jumbling of events across a disordered time sequence.
Bhattar wonders loud as to what RanganAtha will not do to please His Consort's fanciful
wishes (ChADu-chamchu- manOraTa:). Indeed, What will he not do? He will not cease from
doing anything, mighty or small, just to please and amuse Her. “kim vaa na kuryAth?” He
will do even things that are not conceivable (agaditham sarvamapi kuryAth). He is so love-
stricken over His dear consort that He will recline in the milky ocean, churn it, build a dam
over it, break the mighty Siva KOdhaNdam, destroy RaavaNa or for that matter anything else
to please Her.
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SLOKAM 55
In the 55
th
slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar states that all the modes of Lord's
Vaibhavam is only a miniscule of the bliss arising from His leelA vilAsam (love play) with Her
(“Bhagavatha: SarvaprAkara vibhava: api Lakshmi vilAsa-lava anubhavE na paryAptha:”):

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dasa-sata-pANi-paada-vadanAkshi mukhai:akhilai:
api nija-vaisvarUpya vibhavai: anrUpa guNai: |
avataraNair-athaisccha rasayan Kamitha KamalE
kvachana hi vibhrama bhramimukhE vinimajjati tE ||

(MEANING):
Oh Periya PirAtti! Your beloved One displays Visvaroopam with thousands of hands, legs,
faces, eyes and other limitless limbs. His auspicious attributes are limitless (anantha kalyANa
guNams). In addition to Visvaroopam, he takes other avathArams such as the four
VyUhAvathArams, another one as VishNu among the Trinity and yet another one as
UpEndran as well as mathsya - KoormAdhi avathArams and enjoys Himself and makes all
chEthanams happy. In spite of all these avathAra aanandhams, He has the greatest of bliss
when He engages in srungAra leelai with you. The other aanandhAnubhavams pale into
insignificance before the bliss of srungAra leelai with you. He gets lost in the whirlpool of that
bliss. You are a flood of great bliss. In that flood of bliss, His other aanandhams get
subsumed as a fraction of a drop.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Oh KamalA PirAti! VedAs and Sruthis salute Your dear Lord as “Sahasra sIrshA Purusha:,
SahasrAksha: Sahasra Paadh” and as “anantha baahu-udhara vakthra nEthram” in the
context of His visvaroopam. He enjoys revealing His Visvaroopam and gladdens the mind of
those, who are blessed to see it as Arjunan in the battlefield of Kuru KshEthram.
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The joyous and awe struck Arjuna broke into sthuthi of this extraordinary visva roopam
this way:
anEka baahu udhara vakthra nEthram pasyAmi ThvAM SarvathO-anantha-roopam
naantham na madhyam na punastavAdim pasyAmi VisvEsvara Visvaroopa
--GIthai: 13.16
(MEANING):
With multifold arms, stomachs, mouths and eyes, I witness Your infinite form on all
sides. I see no end, no middle nor the beginning too of you. Oh Lord of the Universe! Oh you
of universal form! I behold only your infinite form on all sides with endless limbs.
You are aadhi-madhyAntha rahithan. You are anantha veeryan. With Your own tEjas,
You are warming the universe (SvatEjasA visvamidham tapantham ThvAm pasyAmi).
In addition to the Visvaroopam that He delights in revealing, He also enjoys taking the
four vyUhAvathArams as Para VaasudEvan, Pradhyumnan, SankarshaNan and Aniruddhan.
He takes the VishNu avathAram to protect the Universe and enjoys those leelAs. He
incarnates as dasAvathAran and Your PirAtti takes on the appropriate matching roopam as
Your consort for Your sport.
All these enjoyments that you experience is one thing. Your love play with Your Devi and
the aaanandham that You experience from that love play is some thing else again. You are
lost in that aanandham. The other aanandhams (arising from the leelA chEshtithams of
Viswa roopam, VyUhAvathArams, DasAvathArams) become a drop in the flood of the bliss
experienced by You during Your leelA vilAsams with Your Piratti. You are drowned in that
aanandhAnubhavam like one being caught in a powerful whirlpool and losing His foothold.
One aanandham is vast like the ocean; the other aanandhams combined together are like
dewdrop in magnitude compared to the LeelA vilAsa aanandham generated by the DEvi's
amorous sport with Her Lord (SamudhrE ThushAra iva). Such is the bewitching power of Sri
RanganAyaki over her Lord, which makes Him appear like some one swept in a flood and
swirling inside a whirlpool formed by that flood.
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SLOKAM 56
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Janana bhavana preethyA dugdhArNavam BahumanyasE
Janani ! dayita prEmNA pushNAsi tathparamam padam |
udadhi parama vyOmnOr-vismruthya mAdrusa-rakshaNa-
kshamamithi dhiyA bhUya:SrIranga dhAmani mOdasE ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
This shrine is called SREERANGAM in the sense that it is the court-hall for your sport
and dance, where in SHREE sabdham refers to you. Because You have chosen this dais for
Your purpose of ensuring the well being of all creatures, which are but Your children, all like
me, knowing nothing about Your unmatched vaibhavam and yet deserving Your Motherly
grace, You enjoy this location; evidently You have spurned Your birth-place (the milky ocean)
and Your husband's perennial abode (Sree Vaikuntam) in favour of Sreerangam to be near us.

SPECIAL NOTES:
Oh Sarva Loka MaathA! Your birth home (PiRantha aham) is the Milky Ocean and
naturally You are very much attached to it. Your husband's home (Puhuntha aham) is the
famous location praised by the Vedams as “Tadh VishNO: Paramam Padham”. As the bride
joining Your husband's home, You are very fond of this home too, since You adore Your
husband.
Your Janana Bhavana preethi (Fondness for Your birth place) makes You consider the
Milky Ocean with great affection; because of Your love for Your husband (Dayitha PrEmai),
You adore Your Pukkaham (Your husband's abode) celebrated in the Vedams as “Tadh
VishNO: Paramam padham”. You have set aside those special and meaningful abodes and
chosen however SREERANGAM as Your most preferred place of residence to save us
helpless ones (akinchana janams). Since You chose residence in SrIrangam over the other two
sites dear to You as the most auspicious place (Sree) for Your sport (Rangam) of protecting
us. This is Your Ranga BhUmi and Sriya: Rangam and is not Sriyutham Rangam (auspicious
place, a term used for UpachAram purposes). Maadhrusa RakshaNam (protection of helpless
ones like us) is your motivation to minimize the importance of Your birthplace and SrI
Vaikuntam as Pukkaham and choose Sreerangam for the express purpose of protecting us.
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SrIranga dhAmani mOdhasE (You revel at this abode of SrIrangam) now. This is the wonder
(adhisayathvam) of the archAvathAram of SrI RanganAyaki at Sreerangam according to
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar.
“Ranganaayaki Thayar’s Ranga Bhumi, Sreerangam”
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SLOKAM 57
AaE dayR kaéi[ktaiïtvTslTv-
pU ve R ;u svR mitzaiytmÇ mat>,
ïIr¼xaiç yÊtaNyÊdahriNt
sItavtarmu ome tdmu :y yae Gya .

OudhArya KaaruNikathAsritha vatsalatva-
poorvEshu sarvamatisayitamathra Maata: |
SrIrangadhAmni yadutAnyad udAharanti
SeetAvatAramukham yEtat amushya yOgyA ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother! All Your traits as bounteousness, mercy, sympathy for the surrendered one,
and the like, shine in your station at SrIrangam, with great lustre. Evidently, these qualities
were also reckoned in avathArAs such as SeethA that you took; this is no wonder since, as I
perceive, all your avathArAs were only rehearsal acts for this final portrayal as SrI Ranga
Naayaki.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Oh Mother SrI Ranga Naayaki! The boundless generosity, the overflowing DayA towards
Your children, affection and concern for your erring children are abundantly experienced at
your residence at SrIrangam as ArchA Moorthy. All what IthihAsa-PurAnams salute about
these auspicious attributes of yours displayed during Your Vibhava avathArAms as SeethA
PirAtti and the like appear to be rehearsals to gain perfection during your archAvathAram as
SrI Ranga Naayaki. All of these MangaLa guNams have attained a state of perfection for the
benefit of the suffering samsAris. ArchAvathAram unlike VibhaavathArams is for the benefit
of all and is for enjoyment at all times. VibhavAthaaram is limited to a certain time and place.
Therefore, whatever outstanding attributes that you displayed as SeethA PirAtti during Your
VibhavAvathAram seems to be a dress rehearsal for the full display during your current
archAvathAram as SrI Ranga Naayaki.
OudhAryam is svArTa nairapEkshaNyam according to the VasurAsi commentary of SrI
VeerarAghavAchArya. It is not svayam prayOjanam. KaaruNyam is Para dukkha
sahishNuthvam (empathy for the sufferings of others). Aasritha Vaathsalyam is aasritha
dhOsha BhOgyathvam (Overlooking one's defects and yet having affection for the one, who
has sought refuge). These parama slAgya guNams displayed as KshamA (Forbearance),
DayA (Compassion even towards those who offend) were displayed in Vibhava avathArams
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such as the SeethAvathAram. All of those displays seem to be abhyAsam (rehearsals) for the
ArchAvathAram as SrI Ranga Naayaki, when they reach their peak.
“Thiruindallur Ranganaayaki Thaayar with Perumal”
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SLOKAM 58
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aisvaryam akshara gatim paramam padam vaa
kasmaichith-anjalibharam vahatE vitIrya |
asmai na kincith-uchitam krutam-ithyathAmBa !
tvam lajjasE kathaya kOyam udArabhAva: |

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother! Let anyone supplicate his hands in anjali form before you. Enough. You will
in Your extreme kindliness agree to give him all affluence, even Kaivalya and even (more)
Vaikuntam in return for that anjali; what is more, You would later on feel a certain
bashfulness--that is indeed ever evident in Your smile even now!--that You had not done
enough for him, equal to the laborious exercise he had exerted himself in folding his palms in
supplication!
What is this extreme bounteousness? Why? Please explain (this) to me.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
This slOkam is the one quoted by Swamy Desikan in the SiddhOpAya SOthanAdhikAram
of SrImath Rahasya Thraya Saaram to explain the meaning of the doctrine of “UdAraam”
associated with SrI DEvi. Dr. VedAntha Desikan refers to the passage in Sri Sooktham's
“DEvajushtAm UdhArAm” to salute the unique bounteousness and generosity of SrI Devi
(SrI RanganAyaki).
The very last manthram of IsAvAsyOpanishad ends with the passage: “bhUyishtAm tE
NAMA UKTHIM vidhEma”. When one folds one's palms and raises them in salutation with
the utterance of the word “Nama:” it signifies self-surrender. They become “Nama ithyEva
Vaadhina:” All the sins are destroyed and SrI Devi's oudhAryam flows towards the one, who
performed anjali to the accompaniment of Nama: sabdham. The unmatched oudhAryam and
Vaathsalyam induces her to grant sakala soubhAgyams, Kaivalyam and even Vaikunta
Vaasam. Even after granting all these boons, she feels that she has not done enough for her
devotee, who just performed Nama ukthi with anjali bhaddha hastham. Swamy
NammAzhwAr refers to this Bhara samarpaNam (lying down of the burden/Sumai) as “athu
sumanthArkatkkE” in ThiruvAimozhi III.3.6.
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The Nama: sabdham destroys three kinds of VirOdhis: sEshathva svaroopa VirOdhi,
PurushArTa kaimkarya VirOdhi and UpAyAnushtAna VirOdhi. When that Powerful Nama:
sabdham is accompanied by the equally powerful gesture (Mudhrai) of Anjali, and then there
is no limit to what it can achieve. The deepest springs of OudhAryam, Vaathsalyam and
DayA of SrI RanganAyaki are released and the chEthanan becomes the beneficiary of the
ParamAnugraham of the Empress of SrIrangam.
The vaibhavam of Anjali Mudhrai is celebrated by Swamy Desikan in his chillaRai
rahasyam of “Anjali Vaibhavam”. When one folds one's palms and says “namAmi”, the Lord
says “nayAmi”. I will lead that special one, who has performed SaraNAgathy to me in this
manner, all the way to My Parama Padham (nayAmi ParamAm gathim). That ParamAm
gathi is not kshudhra Phalans like Isvaryam, AathmAnubhavam et al but Parama
PurushArTam of Moksham. Both Our Lord and His Consort are “MukthAnAm ParamA
gathi”.
The power of anjali is summed up by Swamy AlavanthAr in the 28th slOkam of His
SthOthra rathnam. Swamy Desikan has blessed us with a commentary for this Sri Sookthi. In
that commentary, Swamy Desikan points out that there are no time restrictions about
performing Anjali, which melts the heart of the Lord. Anjali is a common (pothu) dharmaam
and can be practiced by all. Anjali is known as the best among dharmAs relating to the Lord.
In contrast to other dharmAs, anjali gives immediate results. It destroys the PuNyams and
Paapams of a Jeevan.
There have been legitimate questions/doubts about the power of Anjali to grant even
Moksham. Here, AzhwArs, AchAryans based on Sruthi pramANam have pointed out that
anjali yielding these great boons (up to Moksham) is not the simple folding of one's palms,
but the elevated form of Anjali incorporating SaranAgati inside it: Prapatthi garbhathvam
(BhUyishtAm nama ukthim vidhEma). Anjali is the chinham (adayALam/mark) of
BharanyAsam. If the ChEthanan's chinham is Anjali, the Lord's responding chinham is
Abhaya Hastham. Anjali done by a prapannan yields boons at all levels and Lord assures that
quick granting of the boons through His abhaya hastham (anjali paramA mudhrA kshipram
dEva prasAdhini).
Anjali yields “satthva unmEsham” (birth and growth of Satthva guNam) and Samyak
Jn~Anam (clear wisdom about Tatthvams), which lead on to Moksham. Once again this
anjali has no restrictions of Kaalam, dEsam, VarNAsrama adhikAra niyamam, prakAra (way
of doing) niyamam, aavrutthi (number of repetitions) niyamam.
This anjali done by a Mumukshu with Prapatthi garbha, prArTanA poorvaka anjali has
many prabhAvams (glories) as revealed to us by Swamy Desikan:
Aasu kaarithvam (Quick to yield Phalans)
asEsha dhOsha nivarthakathvam (destruction of all sins)
asEsha kalyANa kAranathvam (harbinger of all auspiciousness)
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anubandhi rakshakathvam (protection of all linked to them)
akshaya phala pradhathvam (yielding permanent phalans)
Such indeed is the anjali Vaibhavam that makes even SrI RanganAyaki blush that She has
not done enough for one who holds anjali mudhrA in front of Her.
“Thirupaarkadal Ranganaayaki Thaayaar”
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SLOKAM 59
In the 59
th
slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar expresses his Naicchiyam (lowliness and
unfitness) to SrI RanganAyaki. In the previous slOkam, ParAsara Bhattar celebrated the
legendary oudhAryam (generosity) of Sri RanganAyaki. That thought emboldened him to ask
for her protection in spite of his utter unfitness. Bhattar banked on his Divine Mother's
Vaathsalyam here:
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Jn~Ana-kriyA-bhajana-sampadakinchanOham
icchAdhikAra sakanAnusayAnabhijn~a: |
aagAmsi Devi! yuvayOrapi dhussahAni
BadhnAmi mUrga charitas-tava durbharOsmi ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
“An individual ought evidently to possess some virtue, if he were to claim the kindliness
of the Almighty. Oh my Mother! I am an utter destitute, not qualified with respect to Nana or
Karma or Bhakthi. With respect to Prapaththi--which is the course for such a fellow--for
which one's earnest desire is the desideratum, I do not know how to perform it. What is
worst, and I am a stranger to the feeling of regret and grief that should be inevitable in such a
situation.
The Lord and You are extreme forbearers, I know. But I have been accumulating sins
that even you can hardly forbear and excuse. I am still going on! Such a vile person as I am is
indeed unbearable to you too”.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
This NaicchAnusandhAna slOkam almost at the very end of the SthOthram is for the
benefit of us. SrI ParAsara Bhattar did not have these deficiencies. He was a model of
AchAram, VairAgyam and anushtAnam. It is for the benefit of us, Bhattar composed this
slOkam. It is for us to utter and correct ourselves and seek the grace of our Mother (Visva
Janani).
Bhattar describes himself as a Moorkkan and dhurAchAran here. He admits that he is not
proficient in Karma-Jn~Ana-Bhakthi Yogams and is totally unfamiliar with the upAyam of
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Prapatthi, which is accomplished through “icchA-mAthram” in a trice. He says that he does
not even have any regret over his lack of skills to follow anyone of the above routes. He says
that he is devoid of any burning desire or capabilities or firmness of purpose to engage in the
practice of these upAyams to save him. He says: Among You and Your Lord, both are known
for your limitless patience and forbearance. Here I am standing before You testing that
limitless capacity to put up with such mahA aparAdhams and unfitness of mine. I continue to
accumulate more sins through my careless deeds. Such a miserable one is a challenge to Your
forbearance. In spite of it all, Oh RanganAyaki, You must come to my rescue and save me.
Thirumalai NallAn RaamakrishNa IyengAr Swamy has translated this slOkam beautifully
in Tamil this way:
saRRumE aRivu kanmam BhakthiAm sampath illai
kaRRilEn icchai peRRi kavusalam irangal Devi!
kuRRamE puriyA niRpan kothikka nummiruvar uLLam
muRRumE moorkkanEnai mudiyumO thaanga Nee thAn ?
In the first line, Bhattar identifies himself as the one, who has not even an iota of
knowledge about Jn~Ana, Karma and Bhakthi yOga sampath (wealth). In the second line,
Bhattar admits that he did not master even the easy route of prapatthi, which is done with
mere wish to do it and begs for Sri RanganAyaki's dayA in such a state of helplessness. He
continues in the third line to say that he continues to accumulate more sins with abandon and
anger the ThiruvuLLam of both Sri RanganAthan and His consort, SrI RanganAyaki. Bhattar
declares that he is a complete Moorkkhan of despicable conduct and asks his Divine Mother
whether She can come to his rescue in spite of all these lapses.

POORVACHARYA'S NAICCHANUSANDHANAM THAT BHATTAR REMEMBERED:
Swamy NammAzhwAr, Swamy AlavanthAr and AchArya RaamAnujA have performed
NaicchAnusandhAnam prior to Paraasara Bhattar in their own moving ways to instruct us as
to how we should conduct ourselves. They were ParipoorNa adhikAris for performance of
Bhakthi yOgam or Prapatthi yOgam and yet for our sake as AchAryAs, they showed us the
way of conducting ourselves with naicchiyam before the Dhivya Dhampathis. Here are some
examples of their anubhavams:
“nORRa nOnbilEn nuNNaRivilEn aahilum
Unnai vittonRum aaRRahinRilEn AravinaNaiammAnE
sERRUt-thAmarai sennalUdi malar Sirivaramangala nagar
veeRRiruntha YenthAi ! Unakku mihaiyallEnangE”
--ThiruvAimozhi: 5.7.1
MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
“I have not acquired a stature by Karma or by Jn~Ana. Only these two are said to lead to
Bhakthi. I have a Bhakthi; one that cannot be kept at rest; that is passionate that makes me
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restless. But my bhakthi is not of the Bhakthi yOga type, a tool for attaining salvation. So the
urgency, Oh my Lord, seated on AadhisEshA at Srivaramangala nagar, abounding in lotuses
growing near verdant paddy crops, count me as within Your fold of protection and help me!”

“KaiyyAr Chakkaratthen KarumANikkamE
yenRenRu poyyE kaimmai solli puRame puramEyAdi
meyyE peRRazhinthEn vithi vaaykkinRu kaapAr?
IyyO !KaNNapirAn ! aRayO inipponAlE”
--ThiruvAimozhi:5.1.1
MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N.V:
With vulgar tastes and trivial interests, I have indeed no chance of cherishing the Lord in
my heart. But fraudulently I displayed an external piety and devotion calling as if in real
earnestness. “My dear Lord, My gem-like dear, with the Chakra on the hand!” False was my
devotion; but truthfully, I say, He has come and given His bliss of company. You will hardly
believe it, I know. But it is all His grace, which is my equivalent of what you people call Fate
that has made this possible. Oh KrishNa, own Your defeat before running away! I have won
you not withstanding my hypocrisy of fervor.

“Na dharmOnishtOsmi na chAtmavEdhi na BhakthimAn
ThvaccharanaaravindhE ! akinchanO anayagathis-SaraNya
Thvath Paadhamoolam SaraNam prapadhyE”
--- Swamy AaLavanthAr's SthOthra Rathnam: slOkam 22
(Oh Lord! I do not have the discipline of dharmam. I have no aathma Jn~Anam. I have
not displayed any Bhakthi towards You. I have no qualifications whatsoever. I seek refuge at
your feet).
NinkaNum BhatthanallEn --ThirumAlai: 25
(I have not developed any Bhakthi towards You).
KarmAnushtAnam must be completed to gain discriminating intellect (nuNNaRivu);
that in turn will lead to Svaroopa Jn~Anam and further to para Svaroopa Jn~Anam. At that
time, pararoopa SaakshAthkAra Bhaagyam is said to be gained and the Bhakthi rooted on
that anubhavam. When karmaanushtAna siddhi and Jn~Anam are not there, then there is no
prospect for hope and salvation. Bhakthi yOgam as an upAyam is thus out of question.
Bhattar says that he is not capable of performing Prapatthi either. Thus Bhattar records for
our benefit powerful NaicchAnusandhAnam.
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SLOKAM 60
In the 60
th
slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar continues to dwell on the
NaicchAnusandhAnam and follows the steps of Swamy NammAzhwAr's Paasurams on
Naichiyam and Swamy AaLavanthAr's SthOthra Rathna SlOkams expressing deep
Naicchiyam. Swamy Desikan will follow the footsteps of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar in his
sthOthra granthams in general and Sri RanganAtha PaadhukA sahasram in particular
(NirvEda Paddhathi). The 60
th
slOkam of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam takes this form:
²t4 |±T 64H6 + |47¹44l|P
6l+¹4 ! Bt44¬B- 9 69l+ 9 ¹lTl+ ·
4ãl + P ¬=4¬ 64 9l79T-
¬l¬ t4P4 H¹T |4|¤6- T6l5|B +

ityukti kaitava satEna viDambayAmi
tAn ambha ! Satya-vachasa: purushAn purANAn |
yadvA na mE bhuja-Balam tava Paada-Padma--
laabhE tvamEva saraNam vidhita: krutAsi ||

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh Mother RanganAyaki! I said that I am a rogue and am unbearable for You. But, then,
such confessions copying great holy seers--who, however, spoke sincerely and truthfully -- in
a fraudulent and hypocritical manner, as if I too had their heart-felt thoughts, are all pure and
simple drama! Hundreds of such perjury I am capable of! But then, I have no qualifications,
no merit to deserve Your grace. However I long for Your feet. For achieving this goal, I have
no power; but You, who have become the natural prop for me, please help me and serve as a
sure refuge for me to be redeemed!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
The SlOkams of Sri GuNa Rathna kOsam are coming to a close and Swamy ParAsara
Bhattar begs His Mother RanganAyaki to forgive his hypocritical ways and protect him. The
appeal is earnest and urgent since the next slOkam will see the completion of this Sri KOsam
on Her GuNa Rathnams.
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Thirumalai Nallan Ramakrishna Iyengar Swamy's translation of this slOkam in Tamil
proceeds this way:
thollavar meyyE sollum thUneRi thodaruvEn pOl
yellaillamlijj~nan iyampinan salangalanthO!
allathu ThAyE ? unn tann adimalarp-peRaven kaiyyil
vallamai ilai athaRkku Vallai Nee athaRkku vithiyinAnAi
Oh Mother SrIranga Naayaki! There is the procedure of NaicchAnusandhAnam as
referred to in the previous slOkam. But, my naicchAnusandhAnam imitating great
PoorvAchAryAs and pretending to have their anubhavam through hundreds of lies on my part
is utter deceit. You surely see through this vEsham and abhinayam of mine! It is impossible
to be redeemed through these false acts and utterances. I have no qualifications or
accumulated good deeds. The only longing that I have is to have the protection of your
sacred feet. I am unfit otherwise. I do not have the strength or skills to seek another means.
You are my object of Surrender according to SaasthrAs. Please accept my SaraNAgathi.
“Thollavar” in the Tamil Paasuram stands for the “Sathya vachasa: PurANa PurushAn”.
It refers to the pious and ancient Sathya Vaaks (those true of speech), the AchAryAs and
AzhwArs. “MeyyE sollum” refers to their speech rooted in Sathyam. Their dharmam is
sacred (“thooneRi”). “Unn adi malar peRa yenn Kaiyil vallamai illai”. I do not have the
strength and skills of my own to be graced by the anugraham of your sacred feet. “athaRkku
Vallai Nee vithi aanAi:”. That power is you alone.
SrI Vaatsya VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy in his Vasu Raasi commentary on this slOkam
says: “Ithi poorvOktha prakArENa yEthath sajaathIyatayA vaa ukthi kaitava sathEna
kapaDa Niacchya vachana sahasrENa thAnn ….”. As stated in the previous slOkam,
imitating as though adiyEn is sajAthIyan (same group) as the PoorvAchAryAs and AzhwArs,
adiyEn uttered false statements and performed abhinayam. AdiyEn is not therefore a
PrAmANikan (straight forward one telling the truth and nothing but the truth). AdiyEn has
stated deceitful words on my unfitness and lowliness echoing the words of Swamy
NammAzhwAr, Thirumangai, Yaamuna Muni and others (“ParAnkusa ParakAla Yaamuna
YathivarAdheen ViDamBayAmi anukarOmi”). Swamy ParAsara Bhattar expresses his
longing for Her protection through the utterance of PoorvAchAryA's naicchyAnusandhAnam,
even if it was not true in spirit (“TannaicchyAnukaraNa mAthrENa madhrakshaNam
kaaryam ithyAsaya:”). AdiyEn desires Your Paadha-Padhma laabham (blessings of
acquisition of Your Lotus feet for my rakshaNam).
adiyEn does not have the strength or capabilities to achieve that goal on my own (Thvath
CharaNAravindha samprApthou mE bhuja Balam Na Math-saamarTyam kimchidhapi
naasthi). Therefore, adiyEn seeks your protection as a SaraNAgathan as prescribed by the
SaasthrAs. Please accept my plea for protection! BhattAar pleads for the nirhEthuka KrupA of
SrI RanganAyaki in this slOkam and concludes this plea with the final slOkam of SrI GuNa
Rathna kOsam.
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SLOKAM 61
In the 61
st
and final slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar makes an appeal to SrI
RanganAyaki. The Sri Sookthi of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam is coming to the conclusion stage,
which has two meanings:
1. The quotation of a Vedic word is known as Nigamanam.
2. The Summing up or conclusion of a Syllogism is also known as Nigamanam.
According to the first definition, SrI GuNa rathna kOsam in my humble opininon is the
Quotation (and elaboration, nay celebration) of the Khila Rk of Rg Vedam, SrI Sooktham.
According to the second definition, it is the literal conclusion of the tender, adoring and
masterly tribute of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar to His dear Mother, who brought him up in a
cradle in front of Her Sannidhi at Srirangam as a small child .
Here is the prayer of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar as an AchArya on behalf of all of us:
~l¹ñ H¹77H6 Br B 8㬠T |+!T'³T
|+T -G BB G-¬ 7lF4¹|BTl ¬ 1t4l BP |& 9¹lP ·
4 !Pt9l7B¹l 6rl-6¹¹=FF4lP t4P 4l |96l
B4 ¤P P|9 t4P 4 ¬4 +- F4lT… 4 TFPl6 T 9lP +

SrIrangE Saradas-satam saha suhrudh-vargENa nishkaNDakam
nirdh:ukkham susukham cha dAsya-rasikAm bhuktvA samruddhim parAm
yushmat-paadasarOruhAntara-raja: shyAma tvamambhA pitA
Sarvam darmamaapi tvamEva bhava na: svIkurvakasmAt krupAm

MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
“Oh SrI RanganAyakI! I make a final submission: May I (be blessed to) live here at
SrIrangam for hundred years! How? (in what way ?) With harmonious relation with like-
minded discerning devotees without a hitch, a grief, a separation; with excellent relish of the
kaimkarya- bliss. Yes that kaimkarya abundance will prove to be the greatest affluence and
prosperity on earth. I should be like the dust (pollen) from the lotus feet of You Both! You
would be my Mother, Father, all mine and even the dharma or duty for me. That is, You are
everything for me; You are the path and procedure to reach You ultimately. You should bless
me like that!
But then I do not merit this. I have no right to ask for this. Therefore, it is that I pray you
shower on me Your kindly grace of the NirhEthukA type! (NirhEtukA KrupA will not require,
as a condition, any act or merit on the individual jeevan's part)”.
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ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Oh RanganAyaki! This is my Nigamana ViNNappam (PrArTanai): May we live at
Srirangam for hundred years, the period of life assigned by Vedams (Veda PrAyam: jeevEma
Saradhas- satham). May we live enjoying the company of BhaagavathAs, who are like-
minded/suhruth (suhrudh-vargENa): mOdhAma Saradhas-satham. During that enjoyment,
let there be no hindrances, sorrow, seperation! Let there be joy of dhAsyAnubhavam and may
that blissful anubhavam grow from day to day! May we be blessed with such a life full of
soubhAgyam by You!
May we become the dust of the lotus under both of Your sacred feet (makarantha poDi of
the Lotus).
Oh Mother! May You become my Mother, Father, ALL, sarva dharmam, UpAyam for me!
For all these to be realized, you should bless me with your nirhEthuka krupai. Why do I
request for Your NirhEthuka Krupai instead of sahEthuka krupai? It is because I do not have
any hEthu, fitness ? How can I hope to possess fitness suitable to invoke your sahEthuka
Krupai? That is why I am seeking the blessings of NirhEthuka Krupai!
VasurAsi Commentary on the prayer of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar is a beautiful one in
chaste Sanskrit:
“SrIrangEswari ! SrirangE dhivyanagarE satham saradha: ‘SathAyu: Purusha:’ ithi
sruthyuktha-prakArENa sathamapi vathsarAn suhrudh-vargENa saha Puthra-
Pouthra-Bhandhu-sishya- prasishyAdhibhi: samam nishkaNDakam nirubhadhravam
nirdh:ukkam dhu:kkhA-samsparsa susukham sutarAm soukhyam cha yaTA bhavathi
taTA dhAsya-rasikAm Thvath-Kaimkarya-rasaj~nAm parAm sarvOthkrushtAm
samruddhim SRI-RANGA-SRIYAM bhukthvA anubhUya, yEvam dhrushtamukthvA
adhrushtamAsAsthE –yushmadhithi”
(MEANING):
Oh SrIranganAyaki! At Your divine city of Srirangam, May we live the hundred years
prescribed by the VedAs with the like-minded devout ones and with sons, grandsons,
relatives, sishyAs and their sishyAs enjoying unalloyed bliss free from hindrances, grief,
separations and enjoying kaimkaryam to YOU and SrIranganAthan and Both of Your
BhaagavathAs ! May we enjoy SRI RANGA SRIYAM and may we be blessed with abundant
wealth of both of your protection as saraNAgathAs).
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar hails SriranganAyaki as Sarva Vidha BhaNdhu (Mother, Father,
UpAyam and upEyam, PrApyam, PrApakam et al). “ThavamEva na: asmAkam saravmapi
dharmaloukika-srEya: saadhanam Karma-Jn~Ana-Bhakthi-PrapathyAdhikam Bhava” is the
prayer! Thou art indeed the grantor (anugraha-dhAthA) of wealth in this world (DharmArTa-
kaamas) and the boons of Karma Yogam, Jn~Ana Yogam, Bhakthi Yogam as one of the two
upAyams for Mukthi and the other UpAyam for Moksham: Prapatthi yOgam.
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“Sarva-dharma -sTAnE PurushakAratayA ThvamEva sTithvA
SiddhOpAyEna BhagavathA madhishDam prApyEthyAsaya:”
(Oh My Mother SriranganAyaki! You must stand in the place of dharmAs and through
Your PurushakArathvam help me attain the Thiruvadi of Your Lord, the SiddhOpAyan).
I am deficient in satthva guNAs (GuNalEsan). You are anantha kalyANa guNavathi (the
abode of limitless auspicious attributes: guNa rathna kOsam). Maam Sveekuru (Please accept
me as Your object for protection). “AgasmAth krupAm nirhEthukadhayAm sveekuru,
angIkurushva” (I am an unfit one and yet out of your spontaneous and abundant KrupA
without any vyAjam, please accept me; please approve of me as one eligible for Your
protection!).
Such is the moving prayer of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar overflowing with affection,
devotion and awe! He praises Her KshAnthi (forbearance), OudhAryam (generosity/
magnanimity), and DayA / anukampA (Compassion). Bhattar's celebration of the sacredness
of Her Thiruvadi is special (1) Those holy feet render the Upanishads fragrant, when they
place their heads at her feet (2) They make the Vyjayanthi maalai forever fresh through their
contact as She sits on Her Lord's chest .
In the final slOkam, Swamy ParAsara Bhattar emphasizes the Supremacy and paramount
importance of Sri Devi (SriranganAyaki) for us all. He salutes her as his Father, Mother and
“all the tone cherishes as near and dear”. If her grace is assured/secured, there is no room for
worry of any kind.
Such is the grand message of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam !
adiyEn offers my special prayers to SriranganAyaki, who blessed me with the strength to
write about the special Sri Sooktham composed by Her beloved son, Swamy ParAsara
Bhattar.
adiyEn considers himself fortunate to have had the bhAgyam of completing the
commentary on SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam with the tremendous help of my neighbor at
Oppiliappan Sannidhi, Dr.V.N. VedAntha Desikan, the great scholar and scion of the famous
Navaneetham Vangipuram Family.
adiyEn would like to conclude this commentary on SriranganAyaki with selected NaamAs
from SrI Lakshmi Sahasra Naamams:
(praNavam) NaarAyaNyai nama:
(praNavam) Naarasimhai nama:
(praNavam) Bhagavathyai nama:
(praNavam) PumpradhAnEsvarEsvaryai nama:
(praNavam) Thrayaantha roopAyai nama:
(praNavam) DhivyAyai nama:
(praNavam) Soumya roopAyai nama:
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(praNavam) dEvyai nama:
(praNavam) SvAtantrya roopAyai nama:
(praNavam )tath Dharma-dharmiNyai nama:(10)
(praNavam) Anantha roopAyai nama:
(praNavam) Bhadhra hOmAyai nama:
(praNavam) Sarva SulabhAyai nama:
(praNavam) GuNa priyAyai nama:
(praNavam) Nithya suchayE nama:
(pranavam) Sarva rasAyai nama:
(praNavam ) bhUr-bhuva-svara yonijAyai nama:
(praNavam) Sama LakshaNAyai nama:
(praNavam) VaradhAyai nama:
(praNavam) AnanathAyai nama:(20)
(praNavam) PuNya-keerthanAi nama:
(praNavam) Raajya Lakshmyai nama:
(praNavam) Jaya Lakshmyai nama:
(praNavam) Dhana Lakshmyai nama:
(praNavam) Maadhava PriyAyai nama:
(praNavam) SuprasannAya nama:
(praNavam) Poorva-BhaashiNyai nama:
(praNavam) BhadrAyai nama:(28)

SrImath Azhagiya Singar ThiruvadigaLE saraNam ,
Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr ThiruvaruL VeNDum

Daasan,
Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri Sadagopan

LOkA: SamasthA: SukhinO Bhavanthu

sadagopan.org

CONTENTS
Introduction Taniyan Slokam 1 Slokam 2 Slokam 3 Slokam 4 Slokam 5 Slokam 6 Slokam 7 Slokam 8 Slokam 9 Slokam 10 Slokam 11 Slokam 12 Slokam 13 Slokam 14 Slokam 15 Slokam 16 Slokam 17 Slokam 18 Slokam 19 Slokam 20 Slokam 21 Slokam 22 Slokam 23 Slokam 24 Slokam 25 Slokam 26 Slokam 27 Slokam 28 Slokam 29 3 5 7 14 23 26 30 34 36 38 43 45 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 70 73 76 79 82 84 87 90 40

1

sadagopan.org

.CONTENTS CONTINUED .org 2 .. Slokam 30 Slokam 31 Slokam 32 Slokam 33 Slokam 34 Slokam 35 Slokam 36 Slokam 37 Slokam 38 Slokam 39 Slokam 40 Slokam 41 Slokam 42 Slokam 43 Slokam 44 Slokam 45 Slokam 46 Slokam 47 Slokam 48 Slokam 49 Slokam 50 Slokam 51 Slokam 52 Slokam 53 Slokam 54 Slokam 55 Slokam 56 Slokam 57 Slokam 58 Slokam 59 Slokam 60 Slokam 61– Nigamanam 93 95 98 100 102 105 107 109 112 114 117 120 122 124 126 128 130 132 133 136 139 142 144 146 150 152 154 156 158 161 164 166 sadagopan.

ïI>.D Thesis) on ParAsara Bhattar.N. Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam deals brilliantly with the unique and divine attributes of our ThAyAr MahA Lakshmi (Sri RanganAyaki) as the Empress of Srirangam and the dearest consort of Lord RanganAthan. Sri DevanAr ViLAgam PadmanAbhAcchAr Swamy's monograph (Ph. it reveals the intimacy that the author (ParAsara Bhattar) enjoyed with Sri RanganAyaki” as Her pet child. Sri ParAsara Bhattar was the pet child of the Dhivya Dampathis of Srirangam and they raised him “literally” in their ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam. Sri Sthuthi (VishNu PurANam).V. The slOkams are “majestic. Lakshmi Tanthram and Srimath Prakrutham Azhagiya Singar's KaalakshEpams on our ThAyAr's unique glories. SRI GUNA RATHNA KOSAM INTRODUCTION: Sri MahA Lakshmi Tattvam is very important to us as Sri VaishNavAs. the dictum is magnificent and the ideas are emotive”.V. AdiyEn will use his translations as a base to elaborate on the great Tathvams behind MahA Lakshmi as revealed to us by Swamy ALavandhAr (ChathusslOki). ïI gu[ rÆ kaez> . VedAntha Desikan's translation and adds other anubhavams (Abhinava Desikar.N. Sri Sooktam (khila Rk from Vedam). deep thoughts and apoorva tatthvams embedded in the slOkams of Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam. We will touch upon the Vibhuthvam.org . Sri LakshmI ashtotthara sthOthram. KurEsar (Sri Sthavam). Dr. VedAntha Desikan of Oppiliappan Sannidhi known for his great contributions to the growth of our SampradhAyam covered the vyaakyaanam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam slOkams through a series of postings in Nrusimha PriyA magazine. 3 sadagopan.N. SaraNAgathi Gadhyam passages of EmperumAnAr. AzhwAr's aruLiccheyalkaLs. UpAyathvam and PurushakArathvam aspects of Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr (MahA Lakshmi). HH Srimath Andavan and adiyEn). AdiyEn will cover them. Vedantha Desikan has referred to the majestic gait. Dr.. . They set up a cradle for him in front of their sannidhi and watched over him.V. Vedantha Desikan points out that Mother RanganAyaki's “divine Qualities are Unique. Sri RanganAyaki) arising from the blissful guNAnubhavams of Her son. AdiyEn will take off from Dr. This is indeed a rare treasure chest of the gems (divine attributes of ThAyAr. ïIr¼nayKyE nm> . Sri Lakshmi Sahasra Naama SthOthram. Dr.N. ParAsara Bhattar.V. There are 61 slOkams in Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. Sri Sthuthi of Swamy Desikan. .

PadmanAbhan points out that Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam is a SthOthram of “lyrical beauty. May Sri RanganAyaki ThAyaar. Sri RanganAyaki. which are unique to the VisishtAdvaithA System of philosophy”. bless adiyEn in the completion of this kaimkaryam! May this SarvAnga Soundharyavathi. TaatankA (ThOdu) LalAtikA (ornament on Her forehead). S. while it abounds in philosophical statements.org 4 .DevanAr ViLAgam Dr. muktAhaarA (Pearl necklace around Her neck). the Empress of Srirangam. blessing us while seated on ardha ParyankAsanam and displaying abhaya MudhrA. adorning Kanaka rasanA (golden ottiyANam at Her slender waist). MaNisArA (gem necklace around Her shoulders) and TulAkOti (sweet sounding anklets on Her legs) bless us all with Her karuNA KatAkshams! sadagopan.

TANIYAN: ïIprazrÉ”ayR> ïIr¼ezpuraeiht>. “Sri Paraasara Bhattar” 5 sadagopan. SrI ParAsara BhattArya: SrI RangEsa PurOhita: | SrI VatsAnga Suta: SrImAn SrEyasE mEastu bhUyasE || (MEANING): The revered Sri ParAsara Bhattar is the son of KurEsar and the PurOhithar for Lord RanganAthan. This Taniyan is from the Sri VishNu Sahasra naama BhAshyam of ParAsara Bhattar. He is full of Kaimkarya Sampath and hence is qualified to be addressed as SrimAn. May adiyEn be blessed with all auspiciousness again and again through this salutation of mine at the sacred feet of Sri ParAsara Bhattar. ïIvTsa»sut> ïIman! ïeyse me=Stu ÉUyse .org .

the extraordinary anugraham obtained through singing His glory during the Brahma MuhUrtham of the twelfth day of Sukla Paksham of VriscchikA month. his works can be treasure house of elaborate commentaries such as The Bhagavadh GuNa Darpanam. He shone as a bright star in the firmament of Sri VisishtAdvaitham during the post-RaamAnujA and pre-Swamy Desika period.org 6 . Our Lord ordered a Brahma ratham to celebrate the expository skills (PurANa Pravachanam skills) of Bhattar. Hence. ParAsara Bhattar came into this world through the grace of Lord RanganAthA as the elder twin born to his parents. The brilliant way in which ParAsara Bhattar gave the exposition of Kaisika MahAthmyam in Sri RanganAthA's sannidhi gained the approbation of Lord RanganAthan Himself. where VarAha PerumAn reveals to BhUmi Devi. Bhattar was carried in a palanquin by dhvijOtthamAs to his home with BhagavAn's mariAdhais and became ParAsara BhattAryar as recorded in His taniyan. a salutation that is commensurate with his great Ubhaya VedAnthA scholarship. AchArya RaamAnujA named the twins as ParAsarA and Veda VyAsA to commemorate the authors of VishNu PurANam and Brahma Soothrams respectively. That is why the taniyan salutes him as Sri RangEsa PurOhitha: and it would have been a wonderful experience for his contemporaries to listen to ParAsara Bhattar recite the Thirumanjana Kattiyam for Lord RanganAthA or provide nirvAham for intricate passages of Swamy NammAzhwAr's ThiruvAimozhi paasurams. AchArya pathavi and extraordinary skills in debates to defeat Paramatha Vaadhins. he became the chief priest of Lord RanganAthan and expounded purANams (PurANa patanam) at the Srirangam temple. which is a part of VarAha PurANam. Some times.COMMENTS: Sri ParAsara Bhattar was born in 1062 C.SrimAn as a result of the JaayamAna KatAksham of the Dhivya Dampathis.E (?) as the son of KurEsar and AndAL. AchArya RaamAnujA gave the name of ParAsarA to this child and the Dhivya Dampathis of Srirangam raised him. The taniyan also addresses him reverentially as Sri ParAsara BhattAryah. ParAsara Bhattar's works some times will be hallmarks of brevity and clarity such as AshtaslOki. His ubhaya VedAnthA Scholarship is outstandingly revealed in his beautiful Tamil commentary on Kaisika PurANam. He established a great Sishya paramparai through the adoption of Namjeeyar as his main disciple. which is the quintessence of the three Sri VaishNavite Rahasyams. ParAsara Bhattar was a Gharbha. As a direct result of the Spiritual authority vested by AchArya RaamAnujA in ParAsarA. sadagopan. which is an encyclopedic work instructing us on the glories of the 1000 names of Lord VishNu found in SriVishNu Sahasra Naamam.

ParAsara Bhattar offers his prArthanA-poorvaka prapatthi (Self surrender preceded by prayer) through his anjali to Her at the start of his creation of a sthuthi about Her limitless auspicious GuNAs (anantha kalyANa guNAs).V. A¼IkairiÉralaekE> sawRyNTyE k«tae=Ãil> . SPECIAL NOTES BY ADIYEN (V.V. the supplicant posture of the two palms (of the hands) is submitted to the great MahA LakshmI.N.V. It is Her majestic look of approval that adds a meaning and a sense of fruition to the task of governance of the Universe.. They are housed in Sri Nrusimha PriyA issues.SLOKAM 1 The first slOkam starts with Our Lord's efforts to create the Naama-Roopa Prapancham (the world of the form of names and forms) and Sri RanganAyakI's significant part in its creation: iïyE smSticdiciÖxanVysn< hre> . as if He does all this only to please Her! The great creator functions for the pleasure and approval of Sri RanganAyakI! To Her. The power of anjali to the Lord or His Devi has the vaibhavam of melting their hearts into “watery material” (Jala paNDam =am+jalayathi ithi) .org . (let us say so!).S. protecting it. has added brief comments in Tamil beyond translations of the slOkams about the specific tatthvams covered by ParAsara BhattAryar. etc. creating it.N. Sriyai samasta chidhachit vidhAna vyasanam HarE: | angIkAribhi: aalOkai: saarTanthyai KrutOnjali: || MEANING AS PER DR. 7 sadagopan.N. Sri RanganAyaki is Sarva Loka SaraNyai (the object of refuge by all the denizens of the Universe). AdiyEn has benefited from them and will highlight them as the postings take shape. at some strain.V. that the Lord achieves.): “This anjali. VEDANTHA DESIKAN / V. my anjali!” Dr. AdiyEn will also compile additional information points as elaborations for extended anubhavams of the words and phrases chosen by ParAsara BhattAryar.): ParAsara Bhattar starts with an Anjali to RanganAyakI PirAtti (Sriyai KruthOanjali:) for the conferral of Her anugrahams at the start of his creation of an eulogy of Her anantha KalyANa GuNams.

AchArya RaamAnujA followed his Predecessor AchAryan (PoorvAcharyan. such as. That anjali never fails to yield the above results”. AchArya RaamAnujA prays to Sri RanganAyaki first befitting our SampradhAyam since the anjali performed for Her (KruthOnjali) first will have the same auspicious results as that done for Her Lord. It confers enormous auspiciousness and makes them multiply.Gadhyam: “Bhagavan NaarAyaNa-abhimatha-anuroopa-Svaroopa- sadagopan. 8 . Ruler ship and high virtues are all to Your Lord's liking and worthy of the natural form and qualities of Your Lord. Bhagavan NaarAyaNan Himself”. Swamy AlavandhAr (28th slOkam of his sthOthra Rathnam): tvadangrim-uddhisya kadhApi kEnachith yathA tathA vaapi sakruth kruthonjali: | tadhaiva mushNAthi asubhAnyasEshatha: SubhAni pushNAthi na jAthu heeyathE || Swamy ALavandhAr was performing anjali to the Lord of Srirangam in the above slOkam. Greatness. AlavandhAr) when he saluted SriranganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi) on a Panguni Uttharam day through his SaraNAgathi. that anjali destroys all their sins without trace. The meaning of the 28th SlOkam of Swamy AlavandhAr is: “Oh Sriman NaarAyaNA! When One performs anjali at Your sacred feet.org guNa-vibhava-iswarya. Thine form.seelAdhi-anavadhika-athisayaasankhyEya KalyANa guNA Padma vanAlayA”. even once in any form. The phalan of the 28th slOkam of Alavandhar for BhagavaAn is identical in its effect to the Anjali performed (kruthOnjali) of ParAsara Bhattar in his first slOkam to Sri RanganAyaki. its qualities. Anuroopam means likeness. limitless innumerable collections of auspicious qualities of Thine. Abhimatham means agreeable or desired status. BhAshyam has translated the above SaraNAgathy gadhyam passage of AchArya RaamAnujA pertaining to SriranganAyaki (MahA LakshmI) as follows: “Oh BhagavathI! Oh Sriyam Devi! Thyself. conformity. SrimAn BhAshyam points out that the words “anuroopa” and “abhimatha” are used in conjunction to indicate their unique co-existence in the case of the Dhivya Dampathis.ParAsara Bhattar starts with the anjali. MahA Lakshmi's GuNa Rathnams are in conformity with those of the Lord and much desired by Him and vice-versa. Late Sriman S. and the most wonderful.mudhrA as taught by his PoorvAchAryan.

Sri RangarAjan. when he chose the very words of AlavandhAr (KruthOnjali:) in his first slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam addressed to his Mother. KurEsar begged for the growth in affection-laden Buddhi to eulogize Her (PrEma pradhAnam dhiyam praguNaya). when we venture to eulogize MahA LakshmI (Sri Devi). The wives of BrahmA.Sri ParAsara Bhattar had this in mind perhaps. RudrA. YOUR NAME IS KNOWN AS SRI DEVI. who observed in his ChathusslOki SlOkam: SrIrithyEva cha Naama tE Bhagavathi BhrUma: katham thvAm vayam? . OBSERVATIONS ON THE MAHA LAKSHMI TATTHVAM THE GLORY OF THE NAME SRI DEVI We have to remember reverentially the inadequacies of ourselves.org Oh Jagan MohinI! Your husband is the PurushOtthaman.ChathusslOki: First SlOkam. KurEsar performed his Anjali (prArthanA poorvaka Prapatthi) at Her lotus feet in preparation of his sthOthram on Sri Devi. He prayed for the ripening of his Bhakthi for Sri RanganAyaki into Para Bhakthi. AdhisEshan is Your bed and seat. We have to be humble in approach in the spirit of AlavandhAr. which enchants the world is Your sacred curtain. After asking for dhivya-Vaak siddhi. Fourth Quarter (EXTENDED MEANING): Recognizing his own inadequacies in his attempt to eulogize Sri Devi. IndrA and other DevAs are Your daasa vargams (assembly of servants). He concluded this appeal for her blessings with a humble prayer: Please command this prapannan as Your servant and gladden adiyEn with the acceptance of this Kaimkaryam and cast Your dayA-laden glances on adiyEn (Imam Janam thAvakam DhAsam Nandhya! hE LakshmI! amee vayam cha tE KatAksha Veesi visruthE: Lakshyam shyAma:). He stated clearly to Sri Devi that he wanted to praise Her (hE SrirdEvi! samastha lOka JananIm thvAm sthOthum IhAmahE). is there anything to say beyond that?). . KurEsar devised a clever approach. With the choice of the word “amee” (amee vayam). Veda SvarUpi Garudan is Your Vaahanam (transport). Sri RanganAyaki. The Moola prakruthi. He wanted then for the PrEma Dhiyaa to blossom into Bhakthi (Bhakthim Bhandhaya). KurEsar indicated his unfortunate state of suffering (ThuvaLuthal like a worm in hot sand) due to the lack of the KaruNA KatAksham of Sri 9 sadagopan. Para Jn~Anam and PARAMA BHAKTHI. He pleaded however with Her that She should help him in this impossible effort: “yukthAm BhAvaya BhArathIm” (Please bless me with the power of divine Speech that will fit this occasion). HOW CAN WE BEGIN TO DESCRIBE YOUR LIMITLESS AUSPICIOUS ATTRIBUTES? (As Your name is Sri Devi.

he was well versed in the proper procedures to address the Dhivya Dampathis in the Saastraic manner. That made His day as it were! He considers His Srushti acts as saphalam (fruitful) and meaningful after reading that signal of approval from His dEvi. He considers now that all His efforts were worth the while. Hence He had the vijn~Apanam: “Sriyai: --SaarTyanthyai: KRUTHONJALI:” We will now move on to the other key words and word groups chosen by Bhattar to eulogize Sri RanganAyaki beyond “SRIYAI: KRUTHONJALI:”. What signal did Sri RanganAyaki give to her Lord? She did not say anything through words. As an Empress of the World and MahA RaaNi including Sri Ranga RaajadhAni. Lord sees the anghikAram (approval) of His dEvi and feels fulfilled.RanganAyaki. KurEsar refers to this KatAksha-AngIkAram in of Sri Devi his Sri Sthava SlOkam: YasyA: Veekshya mukham tadhangithaparAdhInO vidhatth akhilam krIDEyam kalu nAnyathAsya rasathA syAth IykarasyAth DayA” -. She will only display Her sign of approval of the Lord's efforts with the modest and beautiful movement of Her brows without aayAsam (stress). He visualizes further Our ThAyAr at the side of the Lord as a witness to this scene (aalOkai:) .N. Sri ParAsara Bhattar visualizes Our Lord. Sri RanganAyaki is witnessing this srushti of the chEthanams and achEthanams by Her Lord and approves His splendid creations with an encouraging nod. VEDANTHA DESIKAN'S COMMENTARY: sadagopan. Sri RanganAthan is immensely pleased with this feedback from Sri RanganAyaki and feels fulfilled about His accomplishments.org Although the creation of this Universe is a play for the Lord.V. He feels relieved from the reading of the signal from His PirAtti. As Sri RangEsa PurOhithar.Second half of Sri Sthavam: First SlOkam 10 . Hari-RanganAthan engaged in the creation of all sentients and insentients (samastha Chidhachith Srushti) in this first slOkam. ParAsara Bhattar followed his father's sampradhAyam and that of AlavandhAr and performed his anjali rites. It is still an effort for the Lord according to Bhattar and he suggests that the Lord is somewhat distressed over the enormous effort of creating the sentients and the insentients. She just moved Her brows and eyes as a sign of Her AamOdhanam and angIkAram (encouraging approval). DR. Bhattar refers to the Sramam (AayAsam) experienced by the Lord during the leelai of Jagath-Srushti.

Sriyai: angIkAribhi: aalOkai: Saartham). This Krithi could be sung in Raagam Vachaspathi Pallavi: VandEham Maatharam MaaninIm MahA LakshmIm Anupallavi: UmA VaaNi SamsEvitha CharaNAm Pankaja-Vana PriyAm Paapa NaasinIm (vandEham) 11 sadagopan. If He did not heed those cues and goes about His own way. BhOgOpakaraNa. ParAsara Bhattar invokes the spirit of the above Sristhava SlOkam of His Father and performs his anjali to Sri RanganAyaki so that his efforts to create the sthuthi of Sri RanganAyaki (Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam) will be meaningful (saarTam = saha+artham). His heart is filled with joy over His srushti accomplishments that have met with the approval of His dEvi. nay waits for the angIkAram from His dEvi regarding His Jagath Srushti leelais. SamhAra Leelais as well as granting the PurushArthams according to their karmAs. When the Lord grants the sentients their BhOgya. adiyEn would like to share with you a small krithi adiyEn composed on Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr. ParAsara Bhattar as Parama VedAnthin is fully aware of the Brahma Soothram: JanmAdhyasya yatha: (All those which are seen in this Universe are Creations from Him. He follows the unspoken cues (the movement of the brows) of His Devi and enjoys His leelAs out of a sense of Iykarasyam (Enjoyment in Unison with His dEvi). since He is LakshmISahAyan and feels fulfilled through Her sign of approval. ParAsara Bhattar says in this slOkam that the Lord welcomes. These are all VishNu VibhUthis created by the Lord like an effortless play (KreeDA HarEritham Saravam: Saanthi parvam of MahA BhAratham). BhOga SthAna PathArthams.org . In the context of the articles on Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. His leelais (chEshtithams) are compared to that of the child's play by VishNu PurANam: “kreeDathO BaalakasyEva chEshtaam Tasya-”. He would feel that He is deprived of the joys resulting from His Leelais. the Supreme Brahman).(MEANING): Our Lord follows the hints given by His dEvi's face to perform His Srushti. His fatigue (vyasanam) disappears at the sight of Her approving brow movement: (HarE: VidhAna-Vyasanam. Sthithi. This is for RasOkthi (statement for our enjoyment). who is none other than MahA LakshmI presiding over Sri Ranga RaajadhAni. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY ADIYEN: ParAsara Bhattar takes poetic liberty and suggests that the Lord experiences some distress (Vyasanam) during His efforts to create the sentients and the insentients (Chidhachith VidhAnam).

Hence. She is “MangaLAnAm MangaLam”. She is “Yashasvini” and “SarvOpadhrava-VaariNyai” as saluted by her AshtOttharam.CharaNam: Maadhava ManOharIm MahA dEvIm nithya SaanthAm Soumya RoopAm Sri RangarAja MahishIm KamalAm Samudhra TanayAm HiraNya VarNAm (VandEham) COMMENTS ON THE INDIVIDUAL SECTIONS OF THE KRITHI Pallavi: “VandEham Maatharam. MahA LakshmI. who turns his face away at the trespasses committed by them. who is the object of the highest level of worship.org Anupallavi: “UmA VaaNi SamsEvitha CharaNAM Pankaja-Vana PriyAm Paapa-NaasinIm” As MahA Lakshmi. She is the “SadguNa ArNonidhi” (the ocean of auspicious divine attributes) and “GuNa Rathna Kosam” (treasure house of gems of KalyANa GuNams). She is thus agha or Paapa Naasini of the highest order. Salutations to our Loka MaathA. Her sacred feet are saluted by Her daasi Vargams (UmA and Sarasvathi et al). Her Yashas (keerthi) in this matter and Her ability to destroy all upadravams are well understood. sadagopan. Her power to destroy Sarva Paapams through Her Kataksham alone is well celebrated in Sruthis and Smruthis. As “Maaninee”. UMA and Sarasvathi join Her Daasi Vargam. She is proud and resolute in not letting Her Children down in their times of distress. KurEsar has performed SaraNAgathi to Her with the Sri Sookthi: “Saa BhArathI BhagavathI thu yadhiya DAASEE Thaam Deva Deva MahishIm SRIYAM AAASRAYAAMA:” Here KurEsar goes one step further and states that Sarasvathi Devi is the servant of those who are adiyArs of MahA Lakshmi. ManinIm MahA LakshmIm”. who is the resolute Para Devathai. Her affection for the red Lotus is referred to by Sri Sooktham passage: “Padma-PriyE Padmini Padma-hasthE PADMAALAYE PadmadaLAyadAkshi”. She is resolute in saving Her children from the anger of Her Lord. Sri Devi is fond of residing in the Lotus forests. She is the “sarva bhutha Hitha Prathai” (conferrer of hitham to all embodied ones). Limitless Isvaryams come their way due to LakshmI KatAksham. 12 .

She is the Patta Mahishi of Lord RanganAthan. Her complexion is like the golden creeper and the bright golden flash of lightning (HiraNmaya varNam). She is the daughter of the Milky Ocean. She is revered as KamalA.MahA LakshmIm)” She enchants Her Lord and He is under Her total spell as Maadhava ManOhari. 13 sadagopan. Thus She is Soumya Roopa. Padhmini.CharaNam: “Maadhava ManOharIm MahA DevIm nithya SaanthAm Soumya RoopAm Sri RangarAja MahishIm KamalAm Samudhra TanayAm HiraNya VarNAM (VandEham Maatharam -. She is never angry and is an embodiment of composure and tranquility (Nithya SaanthA).org . Her beauty is revealed in every one of Her limbs (SarvAnga Sundari and acme of perfection thru Her SaamudhrikA lakshanams). She arose from there during the churning of nectar (Samudhra-tanayA). She is the PerumdEvi (MahA Devi) of Achyutha Varadhan. Sri Sooktham salutes Her golden complexion majestically at the very beginning of its eulogy: “HiraNya VarNAm HariNIm SuvarNa-RajathasrajAM ChandhrAm HiraNmayeem LakshmIm JaathavEdhO ma Aavaha” We will move on to the second slOkam.

who revealed the inner meanings of the twenty five Tatthvams of Sri VaishNava sampradhAyam! Hail to this avathAram of MahA Lakshmi. Sri Ranga NaacchiyAr! SRI PARAASARA BHATTAR'S STATUS AS A MAHA KAVI Sixty one of the Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam belong to the total of 337 verses in all his sthuthis set in forty five kinds of poetic metres. Tribute to Sri RanganAyaki as the Second AchAryan Pankayap-poovil PiRantha Paavai NallAL VaazhiyE Panguniyil Utthara NaaL Paarr uthitthAL VaazhiyE MangayarkaL Tilakamena Vantha Selvi VaazhiyE Maalarangar MaNi Maarbhai mannumavaL VaazhiyE YenkaL Yezhirc-ChEnai mannarkku Itham-uraitthAL VaazhiyE Irupattanju uttpporuL Maaliyampum AvaL VaazhiyE Senkamalac-Cheyyarangam Sezhikka VanthAL VaazhiyE Sriranga NayakiyAr ThiruvadikaL VaazhiyE sadagopan.SLOKAM 2 adiyEn will start with the tribute to Sri RanganAyaki housed in “OrANN Vazhi AchArayrkaL Vaazhi ThirunAmam” and commence the commentary on the Second slOkam and place it in the context of Sri ParAsara Bhattar's well respected skills as a MahA Kavi and deep devotee of Sri Ranga NaacchiyAr. who initiated the esoteric meanings of Tatthav-Hitha. who is the most auspicious symbol among Women! Hail to the most beautiful One.org (MEANING): Hail to the auspicious lady born in the red lotus flower ! Hail to the sacred lady. Dr. as the enduring (eternal) place of Her residence! Hail to this (second) AchAryan in our AchArya paramparai. S. who has chosen the sacred chest of Lord RanganAthA.PurushArthams to our sacred Senai MudaliyAr (VishvaksEnar) to serve as the next link in the eternal AchArya Vamsam! Hail to this AchAryan. PadmanAbhan of the Department of Sanskrit has analyzed brilliantly the 14 . who incarnated to grow the Isvaryams of every kind at Srirangam known for its beautiful lotus ponds! Our deep Salutations to the holy feet of the Empress of Srirangam. who incarnated on this LeelA VibhUthi on a Panguni Uttharam day! Hail to the Lady.

It has an insatiable effect due to its MaadhUryam. ïIr¼hMyRtlm¼¦dIpreoa< ïIr¼rajmih. “PadhAnAm SaubhrArtham”: A close affinity and cohesion among the words chosen in the poetry. Additional marks of greatness arise from clever use of SabdhAlankArAs (Figures of Speech). “Bahu-guNa ParINAhi” Having many other GuNAs to distinguish it as great poetry marked by enjoyable RasAs and BhAvAs such as “PrasAda (Clarity of word and meaning). SusabhsabdatA (usage of Refined words and expressions). SamatA (balanced expressions). PadmanAbhan lists a few of these quality marks in MahA kavi ParAsara Bhattar's sthOthrams in general and in Sri GuNa rathna Kosam verses in particular: “Sadhya: Paranirvruthi”: Capacity to transport the mind of the listener and the reciter to a world of immeasurable Joy (Aanandham). Dr.org “SayyA or Paaka”: Judicious juxtaposition of the words in a slOkam in such a way that the words do not allow any substitution or change.extraordinary skills of ParAsara Bhattar as a Mahaa Kavi and great Sri VaishNavite AchAryA. Kaanthi (lustre and elegance to stand out). skills in handing VyAkaraNam (Grammar) and NyAyAs (Maxims).I— iïymaïyam> . Ojas (power to stimulate the mind). The Second slokam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam is a classic example of the poetic skills of a MahA Kavi: %‘asp‘ivtpailtsÝlaekIinvaRhkaeriktnemkqa]lIlam! . The end result is like “SitAkshIra NyAyam” (adding Sugar to Milk to enhance their individual enjoyments). Such a rare anugraham has led to greatness in ParAsarA's sthuthis and it is no where more evident than in the Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam SlOkams. poetic metres. 15 sadagopan. “ParichithamivAthApi Gahanam”: Capacity to reveal the magnanimous dimensions and unfathomable depths once a critical mind tries to comprehend the full significance of the words chosen by the poet. . “animishanishEvyam SravaNayO:” Having a total effect of Sweetness in hearing the slOkam again and again. who raised ParAsarA as their own child and lulled him to sleep in a cradle in Their sannidhi. He has highlighted with examples the skills of ParAsarA as a MahA Kavi arising from the limitless anugraham of the Dhivya Dampathis of Srirangam.

AvirOdham. She can not therefore be just another Jeevan. “IsvarI” stands for MahA Lakshmi. Here “Pum” stands for the Jeevans (pumAn). She is understood thus as the Sarva NiyAmikai (PumpradhAnEsvarEsvari or the Isvari of PumpradhAnEsvaran Himself). As PumpradhAnEsvarEsvari. He takes the cues from Her ingithams (signs) originating from Her eye brows in 16 . All the three Jeevans take orders from Her and recognize Her as their niyAmikai (commander) and their Isvaree. Her Lord). “PradhAnam” stands for Moola prakruthi.UllAsa-Pallavita-Paalita-SaptalOkeenirvAha-kOrakita-nEma-katAsha-leelAm | SrIranga-harmyatala-MangaLa-dIpa-rEkhAm SrIrangarAja-MahishIm SriyamAsrayAma: || THE MAHIMAI OF SRI RANGANAYAKI MahA Lakshmi Tattvam is gigantic in scope to comprehend by people of limited intellect like us. She is understood as the “Tadh sadhrusIm Sriyam” or as the Empress. Sri Lakshmi Sahasra Naamam recognizes Her as “Sri VaasudEva Mahishi PumprahdAnEsvarEsvari”. who is the subject matter of the four chapters of Brahma Soothram (Samanvayam. Saadhanam and Phalam). Prakruthi and Isvaran. She has antharbhAvam (inner presence) in all of His acts. “Isvaran” denotes the Lord. AdiyEn will summarize the thoughts on Her tattvam from asmath AchAryan's KaalakshEpam granthams.org She is the one who is the Lordess of the three kinds of ChEthanmas (Bhaddha Jeevans. This word “PumpradhAnEsvarEsavri” has profound meanings and this compound world breaks up into four individual words: “Pum+PradhAnam+Isvaran+IsvarI”. She is understood as “sarva-prakAra-abhimatha-anuroopa-svaroopa – GuNa-Rathna-Kosam”. the empress of Jeevans. he goes about His leelais like creation to please and amuse Her. who matches Her Lord's divine attributes in every way. She is fully matched with that “Tadh” (Sriman NaarAyaNan. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar will be developing these themes in the different slOkams of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. In fact. There are two pramANams that would help us understand Her glories quickly and clearly: She is “Thrividha chEthanarkkum SWAMINEE” sadagopan. Muktha Jeevans and Nithya Jeevans). “Tadh” here denotes Isvaran (Sriman NaarAyaNan).

The third slOkam reveals that Mahaa Lakshmi known for such soulabhyam (ease of access) has antharbhAvam (inner presence and thus involvement) in jagath. Here the celebration of Her role as UpAyam is recorded. the Phalan resulting from this UpAya anushtAnam focusing on Her is proved. She being the all-deciding force. EmpAr and all the way down to Swamy 17 sadagopan. The second of the four slOkams pays tribute to her PurushakArathva PrabhAvam (Intercession with Her Lord on our behalf). the divine couple with subtle. when Prapatthi is performed. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar cannot help pointing out the “PumpradhAnEsvarEsvaree” aspect of Sri RanganAyaki: “nama: SriranganAyakyai yadh-bhru-vibhrama bhEdhatha: IsOsithavya-Vishamya -nimnOnaatham idham Jagath” —Sri Rangarajasthavam: SlOkam 7 (MEANING): “I pay obeisance to that Goddess Sri RanganAyaki.going about His duties. In the fourth and the final slOkam of ChathusslOki. whose brow-rising and lowering in turn. She has a role thus in all karmAs. have decisive impact in that they will cause the higher-ups and the lower-downs respectively.e.). EmperumAnAr. In Sri RangarAja Sthavam intended expressly to celebrate the glories of Lord RanganAthA.KaaraNathvam (origin /creation of the Universe and its beings). who have commented on Sri AlavandhAr's ChathusslOki have also agreed on this matter: The first slOkam of ChathusslOki celebrates the parathvam (Supremacy) obtained by MahA Lakshmi through Sriman NaarAyaNa sambhandham. EmperumAn creates the Universe. why. (i. which dampathis do together. She is with Him then and is involved as Saha Dharma ChAriNi even there. They thus serve together as the AathmA for all the Universe and its beings. MahA Laksmi is the Saha Dharma ChaariNI of the Lord. the peaks and the troughs in the world.” The various poorvAchAryAs. They receive the havis of Jeevan together. it could even make one — the Super-Lord or a servant. Swamy AlavandhAr. matching attributes as Yeka-Seshi Dampathis. This is a view that has come to us from Sage ParAsarA (the author of Sri VishNu PurANam). As His Saha Dharma ChAriNI.org Paraasara Bhattar is going to dwell on the extraordinary and special relationship between the divine couple with an analogy that links the lustre of a gem with the gem itself as an inseparable principle in one of the SlOkams of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam that we will cover later (Svatha: SrIsthvam VishNO:---) . She has “Hethu Garbha Viseshanam”. They are what is revered together as “Sookshma mithunam” and Yeka Seshis.

N. sadagopan. EmperumAnAr in SaraNAgathi Gadhyam explicitly states that MahA Lakshmi commands all the parijanams (nithya sooris) to their respective assignments. 18 . The nithya VibhUthi of Sri Vaikuntam is for Your BhOgam (enjoyment) as well. while being Your Lord. VEDANTHA DESIKAN “HER eye glances. Here in Your LeelA VibhUthi. which is known for its Madhura LakAra prayOgams: The Madhura lakArams are housed in the seven of the 18 words chosen by Swamy Prasara Bhattar: “UllAsa. Harmayatala and MangaLa” These lakArams start with UllAsam and conclude with MangaLam in this PrArthanAPoorvaka Prapatthi slOkam. The fortunate Nithya Sooris are for serving You. You can also recite the first slOkam of Padma Raaga Paddhathi of Swamy Desikan as an additional sacred verse there. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar acknowledges the Yeka Seshithvam aspect of the Dhivya Dampathis: hElAyam akhilam charAcharmidam BhOgE VibhUti: ParA dhanyAstE parichAra karmaNi sada Pasyanti yE Sooraya: | Sri RangEswara Devi ! Kevala nirvAahya VargE vayam SeshithvE PumAn ParikarAhyEtE tava spAraNE || (MEANING): Oh Sri RanganAyaki! All the sentients and the insentients of this Universe are meant for Your play. Pallavita. leelAm. Your consort Sri RanganAthan is immensely proud of You. Sapta Lokee. etc. She achieves everything! --The creation of the seven worlds.org TRANSLATION OF THE MEANING BY DR. Paalita. the protection thereof. This slOkam is proverbially recited in front of Sri RangarAjan's Sannidhi at Srirangam between the two Thirumana ThUNgaL. are major acts-not to be thought of as light or ineffective twinkling of the (ordinary) eye. With such eye-movements.ParAsara Bhattar. Sri RanganAyaki! adiyEn will now take up the commentary on the second slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. where the infant ParAsarar's cradle was set up by the Dhivya Dampathis for their son. In the 22nd slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam. Such is the glory of Our ThAyAr. We remain as the Ones to be protected by Your Krupai. that open up and partially close. Please recite this slOkam during your next visit to Lord RanganAthan's sannidhi. The recitation of Both the slOkams will confer on you dhivya sampath and mahath Isvaryam.V.

Pallavitha means therefore that which buds or blossoms. May we surrender unto her!” COMMENTARY BY DR. What is being protected? The joyous sprouts budding are protected by the UllAsa pallavam. Those.VEDANTADESIKAN Please witness the wonders of the eye opening and closing activities of the Divine consort of Lord RanganAthan! Reflect on its extraordinary accomplishments! Please remind yourself that the creation. It can mean Joy/delight or it can mean beginning /commencement. Here the joyous waving of the golden creeper of Sri RanganAyaki performing UllAsa Laasyam at the time of Jagath Srushti can be imagined. The first Paadham thus refers to Sri RanganAyaki as “UllAsa Pallavitha Paalitha Saptha LokI”. so to say in a figurative fashion. protection and the destruction of all the seven universes are achieved effortlessly with those eye openings and closings. and the tender and delicate movement of Laasyam is for female dancers. it is like the tender.V. What can it not achieve? All achievements at the level of the world-governance are the sport for the eye-movement of Goddess RanganAyaki.N. ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN The seven LokAs are protected by a joyous and tender creeper sprouting young shoots.Imagine the whole seven-world object as a tree. in the tender creeper that Her divine Eye-glance. It can also mean the Ten UllAsams covered by the KavyaprakAsA. This UllAsa Laasyam is unique to Sri RanganAyaki. the energetic dance is for the Male dancer. “Pallava:” also means an amorous sport. This means sprouting young shoots (arumbus). These are the Saptha Lokams. The word arises from “Pallava:” meaning a sprout. as an ever lit-lamp of auspiciousness. Then. The word UllAsam has number of meanings. That divine consort behind the srushti. 19 sadagopan. its growth. The third word is “Paalitha” meaning protected.org . This can be related to the jagath Srushti. The second word is “Pallavita”. a work by MammadA (10th century) on the structure of utthama Kaavyams and sthuthis. who have seen a creeper grow can relate to this phenomena. the buds blooming. sprig. Those little glances cause the blossoming. a bud or a blossom. its bearing buds. Sri RanganAyaki. As TaaNDavam. sthithi and samhAram of the worlds resides at the great palace at Srirangam as the Empress and shines forever from there as the most auspicious lamp lighting our way. who dwells in the royal palace of Ranga VimAnam. UllAsa laasyam of a female dancer. As it moves. budding and growth of the tree of seven universes and their beings. All of these wondrous deeds happen from the power of the benevolent glances arising from that tender creeper. the sprouting of the tree. are all events.

the eternal JyOthi inside Sri Ranga VimAnam. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar is fond of referring to Sri RanganAyaki as a Nithya Yuvathi to distinguish her from an elderly matron. She shines as the “MangaLa dheepa RekhA” or the nanthA ViLakku or the Jyothi of the most auspicious eternal lamp inside the royal palace of Ranga VimAnam. That Jyothi is saluted here. (i. the root cause of the birth and kshEmam of the seven worlds and offers his Prapatthi at Her sacred feet. the BhUlOka VaikuNtam.vyatikarA) in verse 43 of the Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. One PoorvAchAryA has already observed: “Your name is Sri. Harmya talam or harmya Sthalam means the room in that palace. “nEma” means half or partial. “nEma KatAksha LeelAm” means therefore the power of the play of the half open. Sri RanganAyaki. She is partially opening Her eyes and closing them. sadagopan. She is “Sri Devi” or “Sri”. What else more is there for us to say?” Swamy ParAsara Bhattar addresses this fast-sprouting. half closed eyes of Sri RanganAyaki. SLOKAM 2 VandhE Nrusimha-JaayAm anAdhi-MaayAm apOhithum-hEyAm Sulalitha-Sundara-KaayAm SurEndra-gEyAm Surarshibhir-dhyEyAm --MangaLAsAsanam for MahA Lakshmi by HH 42nd Jeer of Sri Ahobila Matam 20 . RekhA is a way of rendering Vedam. “korakAvasthA” means the state of an unblossomed flower or a bud. THE FOURTH PAADHAM: “SrirangarAja MahishIm SriyamAsrayAma:” She is the Patta MahishI (Empress) of the Lord of Srirangam. RekhA generally means a line or streak.THE SECOND PAADHAM “NirvAha kOrakita nEma KatAksha LeelAm” is the second Paadham. “nirvAha kOrakitha nEma KatAksham” falls on the seven worlds. She is engaged in this Leelai. which has not fully developed into a flower.) the garbha graham of the mansion with seven ramparts. tender Creeper. At the “Sriranga Harmya Talam”.e.youana.org THE THIRD PAADHAM: “Sriranga harmyatala mangaLa Dheepa RekhAm” “Harmya” means a palatial mansion. Srirangam. He describes Her as being in the boundary of a girl and a maiden (Saisava. The movement of the glances of this young girl and their effects are described here in terms of the execution of Jagath VyApAram (Srushti et-al). Her nature as the essence of Sruthis might also be indicated here. What happens as a result? What gets administered or executed (NirvAham) by this? KorakAvasthA happens.

it has been this way. “anyOnya Misram” and “AnyOnya PrathibhAdhakam”. She accompanies Her Lord with an anuroopam that corresponds to His roopam. the consort of Sri Nrusimhan. the abode of all auspicious attributes (GuNa Rathna kOsam) and the One whose beauty (soundharyam) bewitches the mind of Her Lord. Lakshmi HayagrIvan and in short Sriya: pathi. As a result of their inseparability. She is also present everywhere with Him as aNu or Mahath (atomic size or gigantic size). She is meditated upon by all the Maha Rishis of austere penance. MukkUr LakshmI NrusimhAchAr Swamy in one of his magnificent articles on Sri Manthra Raaja Padha SthOthram dealing with the name “VishNu:” tadEtath Sookshma Mithunam Paraspara Vichinvitham aadhAvanyOnya MisrathvAth anyOnya PrathibhAdhakam (MEANING): This divine couple is a very subtle One. The above sthOthram is that HH the 42nd Jeeyar of AhObila matam used while performing MangaLAsAsanam for MahA Lakshmi.org YathA SarvagathO VishNu: TadhivEyam DhvijOtthama . She is always eulogized by samastha DevAs with Indra at their head.Ve. From time immemorial. We have to understand the glory of one of the partners by comprehending the glory of the Other. This is the view of Sri Paancha Raathra Aagamam as quoted by Sri U.(MEANING): AdiyEn prostrates at the sacred feet of MahA Lakshmi. She assumes the dEva svarUpam or manushya svarUpam in accordance with the dEva or manushya svarUpam taken by Her Lord. She is indeed Sundara-Sulalitha Kaayai (tender and beautiful form like the lovely creeper) as visualized by ParAsara Bhattar in the second slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. Lakshmi NaarAyaNan. Mahaa LakshmI is never ever separated from Her Lord. It is in this context. She is with Him in all avathArams and makes Her Lord famous with the names of Lakshmi Nrusimhan. Swamy YenkaLAzhwAn. Just as Her Lord is pervasively present (VyApthi) everywhere. She is the Mother of all the Worlds and their beings. They excel by being together always. who wrote the 21 sadagopan. sage ParAsara Bhattar salutes their inseparability in two slOkams of VishNu PurANam: NithyaivaishA JaganmAthA VishNO: SriranapAyinI devathvE dEva dEhEyam manushayathvE cha MaanushI VishNO: dEhAnuroopam vai karOthyEsha aathmanas-tanum (MEANING): As a Vibhu. the AchAryan of Swamy NadAthUr ammAl. they are known as a “Sookshma Mithunam”.

She makes sure that Her Lord listens to these plaintive cries of the suffering chEthanams. UpAyathvam and PrApyathvam (means and end) just as Her Lord (Sri RanganAthan). sadagopan. who sought Her refuge. who sought Her sacred feet. who never leaves the chest of Her Lord: MahA Lakshmi removes all the obstacles that stand in the way of performing the UpAyam of those.commentary for Sri VishNu PurANam of Sage ParAsarA observed in this context: MahA Lakshmi (Sri RanganAyaki) has the attributes of Jagath KaaraNathvam (creatrix of the Universes). She listens with immense patience to the pleas of the suffering Chethanams. Swamy Desikan has given six different meanings for the Name of “Sri” to elaborate on these subtle attributes of the Lady. who is associated with Sri (MahA LakshmI) Devi. She is accessible at all times to those who seek to be protected (ujjIvanam) and blessed. She corrects the mind-set of those who sought refuge in her so that they attain the right frame of mind to perform their kaimkaryams to Her Lord. which approach her. The Manthra Rathnam (Dhvaya Manthram) asserts that the Lord United with His divine consort is our ultimate refuge and the Phalan for such surrender is nithya Kaimkaryam to this Sookshma Mithunam in their Parama Padham.Visishtan or the One. SarIra-SarIrI BhAvam. Swamy Desikan will follow this sampradhAyam and salute Her in His Tamil Prabhandhams (Tann Thiru Maathudan iRayum TaniyA Naathan) and in His Sanskrit SthOthra Granthams like Sri Sthuthi. He salutes Her Lord as Lakshmi.org 22 . She is present in the chest of the Lord to protect those.

which are indeed the richly grown up breasts. Her eyes look like black beetles that hover round the flowers in the tree-creeper matrix. a kalpaka creeper that has grown in close and fast embrace of the tree. Both the tree and the creeper grow. (May Sri RanganAyaki drench adiyEn with the nectarine 23 sadagopan.May She shower Her rich rain of gracious kindliness on me and immerse me in that blessed bath!” ADDITIONAL COMMENTS (ADIYEN): In the first slOkam. the kalpaka creeper too draws rich sustenance and nutrient-rich blooming bunches -. to a rich panorama of flowers and beetles! Lakshmi in that context -.N.org .VEDANTHA DESIKAN: “The Lord is a veritable Kalpaka tree. He sought refuge at Sri RanganAyaki's sacred feet. Goddess MahA Lakshmi. In the third slOkam. Swamy Paraasara Bhattar offered his anjali to Sri RanganAyaki: “Sriyai: kruthOnjali:” In the second slOkam. The tree (that the Lord is) grows fast. and with thousands of twigs and branches. in mutual support and nurture. Stnnyngu¦uCDS)arpu:piÖre)a rcytu miy lúmIkLpv‘I kqa]an! anukala-tanu-kANDAlingana-aarambha-sumbhath pratidisa bhujasAkha SrIsakhAnOkahardhi: stana-nayana-guLuccha-sphAra-pushpadhvirEpA rachayatu mayi LakshmI Kalpavallee katAkshAn MEANING OF THE SLOKAM GIVEN BY DR. These are His hands (and fingers). the prayer is: “rachayathu mayi LakshmI Kalpavallee KataakshAn”.V. as it were. the subject of coverage of today. the key words are: “SriRangarAja MahishIm Sriyam aasrayAma:” Here. They grow in all directions in an eager enthusiasm to surround His consort from all sides in tight embrace.SLOKA 3: We have now the context for the third slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam: Anukltnuka{fail¼narMÉzuMÉt! àitidzÉujzaoïIsoanaekhixR> . prolifically. If the tree growth is so rich and fertile.

showers of Her glances graciously and keep me soaked in that auspicious bath!). The prayer is set in the context of a Kalpaka tree (Lord RanganAthan) and Kalpaka creeper (Sri RanganAyaki) in tight embrace. The effect of that intense embrace on the Lord and His divine consort is described with majestic poetic vision by Swamy ParAsara Bhattar in the first three lines of the slOkam.

THE FIRST LINE: THE TIGHT EMBRACE
“anukala-tanu-kANDAlingana-aarambha –sumbhAth” is the first Paadham . anu is a prefix that means along side, after or behind. “kala” means sweet, delicate and pleasing effect (asphashta maddhuram). Anukala-tanu (trunk of the kalpaka tree here) kANDAlinganam or the sweet and tight embrace of the Kalpaka tree (Lord) by the Kalpaka creeper (Sri RanganAyakee) is visualized here. The beginning of the tender and yet tight embrace between the Mithunam (couple) leads to some dramatic happenings that are described in the second Paadham.

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THE SECOND PAADHAM
“prathidisa bhuja-saakha - SrisakhAnOkahardhi:” Once the creeper commences its embrace of the trunk of the kalpakA tree, latter ( the tree) grows prolifically and shoots out thousands of branches with verdant leaves. These branches are the Lord's hands rushing to surround and hold His consort from every side tenderly. The Kalpaka tree glistens with new leaves on its multitudinous branches the moment the creeper embraces it. It shines with new and ever increasing lustre every second. The branches stretch in every direction in an effort to return the embrace of the creeper (Sri RanganAyaki).

THE THIRD PAADHAM
“sthana nayana guLaccha sphAra pushpa dhvirEphA” The Kalpaka creeper responds to the loving and tight embrace of the branches (arms of the Sahasra-hastha Sri Sakhan, Lord RanganAthan). The Kalpaka creeper of Sri RanganAyaki is adorned by two rich blooming bunches of flowers (two sthanams) and two black bees (Her karu vizhigaL / limpid, rapidly moving, daya-laden, dark-hued eyes). It appears as though the verdant tree is now rich with flower blossoms, which are the object of attention of the hovering bees. All these happened as a result of the anyOnyam of the dhivya dampathis of Srirangam. Both the tree and creeper support and nourish each other. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar paints a beautiful word picture of happenings in “the Tree-Creeper matrix”. A flowering fruit tree in this world removes the taapams of the people through its shade24

giving properties. It blossoms and fills the air with its fragrance. It yields fruits. It serves as the Kozhu kompu (the leaning stick) for the creeper near it. Both the creeper and the tree thrive through this mutually reinforcing relationship. The Kalpaka tree representing the Lord is celebrated by the thousand branches of VedAs removes the Taapa Thrayams and comforts the prapannAs under His shade. The kalpaka creeper circling this Kalpaka tree reveals the anantha kalyANa guNams and sings the glories of the tree (Lord RanganAthA). She reveals to all of us that Her Lord is the paradEvathai as a PathivrathA SirOnmaNi, while being His equal in every way. This passage reminds adiyEn of the passage in BhU sthuthi:

tvath sangamAth bhavathi Maadhavi Labdha pOsha: SaakhaA sathai: adhigatha HarichandanOsau
Here BhU devi/Maadhavi, the Sankalpa-kalpa LathikA (One who grants the desired wishes of bhakthAs by Her sankalpam alone) is seen as the tender creeper circling the Harichandana tree of Lord and providing Him nourishment and strength (labdha pOsham) and enhancing His glory.

FOURTH PAADHAM:
“rachayithu mayi LakshmI Kalpavalli KatAkshAn” Here Swamy ParAsara Bhattar prays for those Daya-laden katAkshams of the KalpakA creeper to fall on Him and drench him with the anugrahams of Kaimkaryam to Her at Srirangam and nithya kaimkaryam to Her and Her Lord at Parama Padham.

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SLOKAM 4
The fourth slOkam celebrates Sri RanganAyaki's Vibhuthvam and Isvarathvam. Vibhu means Supreme being, Sovereign of all. In NyAyA philosophy, it means eternal, existing everywhere, all pervading. Isvarathvam means having all the six guNams of Isvaran (Bhagavaan). That is why, Sri RanganAyaki, who confers on Her bhakthAs every kind of Isvaryam that they desire is understood as IsvarI. She has PoorNathvam as VaishNavI, just as her Lord, VishNu. Sri RanganAyaki's Vaathsalyam (affection and tenderness to Her offsprings) overlooks all of our defects (dhOshAmsams) and comes to our rescue, as we seek Her as our refuge. There are at least ten definitions of the DayA Tattvam of the Dhivya Dampathis. She is known as DayA Devi. He is Known as DayALu. In this DayA guNam aspect, the SaraNYa Dampathis are tulyam (Identical). Swamy ParAsara Bhattar will be elaborating upon the tulyam aspects between the Dhivya Dampathis, when it comes to Jn~Ana SakthiyAthikaL, Isvarathvam, UpAyathvam, PrApyathvam in Sri GuNa Rathna slOkams such as “prsakana Bhala jyOthirJn~AnaisvarI” (SlOkam 32). For now, we will focus on the Fourth SlOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam: We will now study padham by padham the fuller meanings of the Fourth SlOkam:

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yd!æUɼa> àma[< iSwrcrrcnatartMye murare> vedaNtaStÅvicNta< muriÉÊris yTpadicûEStriNt, Éaegaepaed!"at ke¦I cu¦uikt ÉgvÖEñ êPyanuÉava Saa n> ïIraSt&[Itamm&tlhirxIl'!"nIyErpa¼E> .
yadh-bhrU-bhangA: pramANam sTira-chara-rachanA taaratamyE MurArE: VedAnthAs-tatthva-chinthAm Murabhidhurasi YathpAdha-chihnais-taranthi | BhOgOpOdhghAta kELee chuLukitha-bhagavath Vaisva-roopyAnubhAvA Saa Na: SrIrAsthruNIthAm amrutha-lahari-dhee lankaneeyair-apAngai: || THE FIRST PAADHAM: THE POWER OF THE EYE MOVEMENT “Yadh-bhrU-bhanga: pramANam STira-chara-rachanA tAratamyE MurArE:”
There are countless number of creations (sentients/ Jangamams/sthirams and insentients/sthAvarams/charam) in the Lord's srushti. There are a lot of gradations and differences among the multitudinous class of insentients (Tree, Mountains et al) and sentients (a worm, a bird, an animal, humans, dEvAs et al).

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MurAri (RanganAthan) gets the cue and assigns appropriately the gradations (Taaratamyams) for the different chEthnams and achEthanams. His anubhAvam as He begins to enjoy Her svarUpa-roopa guNams is the assumption of Visva Roopam. THE THIRD PAADHAM: PERUMAL PADUM PAADU IN PIRATTI ANUBHAVAM “BhOgOpOdhgAtha kELI chuLukitha-bhagavadh. They come to the conclusion that Lord VishNu has Paaramyam/Parathvam (Supremacy) over all the others based on the fact that He alone has the Bhaagyam of being the Consort of MahA Lakshmee (LakshmI Pathy). Dr. By watching the different movements of Her eyebrows. is the Para Devathai. Even that effort was not adequate for the occasion. Thus MurArE's pramANam is that “Bhrubangam” (Yadh BhrU-bangam) of His Sahadharma-chAriNi. He does not get the paripoorNa anubhava prApthi. the Upanishads conclusively establish that MahA VishNu is the Supreme One. Our Lord begins to enjoy Her svarUpa-Roopa GuNams. VedAntha Desikan comments on these difficulties of the Lord has rasOkthi (delectable anubhavam): 27 sadagopan.Our Lord (MurAri) seems to need some indications as to whether He is doing all right during the creation of these sentients and insentients. THE SECOND PAADHAM: THE GUIDING PRINCIPLE FOR THE UPANISHADS “VedAnthAs-tatthva-chinthAm Murabhidhurasi Yath-paadha-chihnais-taranthi” Upanishads are our PramANams. He wants to rise to the occasion given the magnitude of Her GuNa Rathnams.org Time and again VedAnthAs (Upanishads) have to establish the Parathvam (Supremacy) among Gods. He takes therefore a gigantic form (visva roopam with thousands of hands.roopa GuNams. He gets dismayed. The PramANam for them in subtle & ultimate determinations like “Who is the Supreme Lord of all Lords” is the sign of the red lac dye imprinted on the chest of MahA VishNu. Taking the Visva Roopam is His “anubhAvam” in His attempt to fully enjoy the anantha kalyANa guNams of His pirAtti. It was like using the cupped palm of one's hands to measure the content of the ocean of Her SavrUpa.vaisva-roopyAnubhAvA” As Sri RanganAyaki looks at Him. Sri RanganAyaki. They assert on that basis that Sriya: pathi. They look for PramANams and signs by which they can go about this task to settle without doubt the parathvam issue. She serves as the final arbiter and referee. He needs some route maps and guidelines to complete this onerous task of creating all these charAcharams (sthira-chararachanA) with the distinguishing gradations (Taaratamyam). With the clue of that insignia. eyes and faces) to take in the full ecstasy of that BhOgAnubhavam. Sriman NaarAyaNan. Our MurAri's needed pramANam (authority) for guidance in these efforts besides Vedams comes from the “BhrU-bnagam” of MahA Lakshmi (Sri RanganAyaki). even if He tries hard. . AnubhAvam means an external manifestation or indication of a feeling (bhAvam) by appropriate symptoms such as look or gesture. He uses His Vedams as PramANams and yet He wants to get some reassurances and feedbacks on His handiwork.

dhee-langaneeyai: apAngaI:” May That “Saa SrI:” the SrI Devi of such limitless KalyANa GuNams immerse us (aasthruNIthAM) in the flood of mental waves of nectar (amrutha laharI Dhee:). Periya PirAtiyAr anubhavatthil PerumAL paduvAn pOlum!” sadagopan. which is nothing but Her karuNA KatAkshams (Daya-laden glances). Swamy ParAsara Bhattar qualifies those most powerful nectar-like glances of Sri RanganAyaki this way: Those glances which baffle Her Lord to take a measure of Her are known for their Vaalabhyam (Power to direct the Lord to get things accomplished).amruthalaharI.org THE FOURTH PAADHAM: A PRAYER “Saa na: SrI: aasthruNIthAm.“PerumAL anubhavatthil Bhakthar padum paattinai. Niroopakathvam (She Being the Supreme example to establish the parathvam of Her Lord) 28 .

In the previous slOkam. May That “Saa SrI”. that Sri RanganAyaki known for Her Vaalabhyam. the prayer goes one step further: “Saa na: SrI: aasthruNIthAm amruthalaharI dhee langaneeyai: apAngai:” (PraNavam) Sri NilayAyai nama: (PraNavam) BhOgavathyai nama: (PraNavam) VibhUthyai nama: (PraNavam) PrApthyai nama: (PraNavam) RakshAyai nama: (PraNavam) Kaaminyai nama: (PraNavam) Sarva LakshaNa LakshaNAyai nama: (PraNavam) Sarva Loka Priyankaryai nama: (PraNavam) Sarva MangaLa MaangalyAyai nama: (PraNavam) DhrushtAdhrushta phala-pradhAyayai nama: 29 sadagopan. . the prayer was: “Rachayathu mayi Lakshmee Kalpavallee KatAkshAn” (May She shower Her rich rain of gracious daya on me and soak me in that auspicious bath). Niroopakathvam and BhOgyathvam sprinkle the nectar stream of Her karuNai-laden glances on me! Swamy Paraasara Bhattar points out that the waves of those nectarine glances (amrutha lahari) have to be enjoyed with “Dhee” (at the level of intellect and not on a physical plane). In this slOkam.org (May that LakshmI sprinkle/spread the nectarine wave of Her eye-glances on/over me. which are to be enjoyed by the intellect).and BhOgyathvam (Baffling even PerumAl to rise up to the occasion to enjoy Her SvaroopaRoopa GuNams fully).

org kAvAcha: prayathAmahE kavayithum svasthi prasasthyai girAm || DR. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY SRI V. APyev< tv deiv ! va'!mnsyaeÉaR.SLOKAM 5 The fifth slOkam of ParAsara Bhattar's eulogy of Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr takes this form: y*avÄv vEÉv< tduictStaeÇay dUre Sp&ha Staetu< ke vyimTydí jg&hu> àaÂae ivirÁCyady> . My child! Are you following their route?” adiyen replies: “Yes indeed! Even for BrahmA.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN SWAMY Oh RanganAyaki! Oh My Mother! May all the efforts of mine as an unqualified poet to praise. why? To acquire a certain sanctity and auspiciousness for my tongue and my words. You become auspicious! May they be filled with MangaLam! May these words coming out of the mouth of a lowly one like me praise You and as a result confer on me the powers to create auspicious eulogy about You! Oh Periya PirAtti! How great is Your Vaibhavam and how far spread is that Vaibhavam! adiyEn. You might say: “What is new here? In ancient times. I begin my venture. In fact.aniÉ}< pd< kavac> àytamhe kviytu< SviSt àzSTyE igram! .N. have declared that they are not competent to sing of You. BrahmA and other dEvAs used to disqualify themselves as unfit ones to praise us through sthuthis in a mood of naichyAnusandhAnam. VEDANTHA DESIKAN'S TRANSLATION OF THE MEANING: Where is Your greatness? And where am I? My qualifications do not justify even my harboring a wish to sing a hymn in Your praise. Not withstanding all this. Indeed great sages. who is an ignoramus about Your limitless glories is totally unfit to compose a sthOthram that adequately captures Your Vaibhavam. even Brahma included. the act of creating a sthuthi that came close to describe adequately Your kalyANa gunams was an effort that was far above his 30 . yadhyAvath tava vaibhavam tadhuchita sthOthrAya dhurE spruhA sthOthum kE vayam ithyadhasccha jagruhu: prAnchO virinchAdaya: | apyEvam tava Devi! vaangmanasayOr bhAshAnabhij~nam padam sadagopan. which are otherwise faulty and mean. adiyEn is a lowly person and as such is far removed from even the thought of composing such a sthOthram.V.

org . what is the difference between a blade of grass and a small object that is sunken there? Swamy AlavandhAr goes on to state: “mandha buddhE: mama thu srama: sulabha:ithi mama cha ayam udhyama: uchitha:” (For me of feeble intellect. whose glories cannot be comprehended by vaak or manas.capabilities”.Swamy AlavandhAr SthOthra rathnam: slOkam 8 (COMMENTS): Oh Sriman NaarAyaNa! adiyEn started my sthuthi proudly by saying : “na: kula dhanam. Echos of Swamy AlavandhAr and KurEsar. adiyEn of feeble sakthi attempts to praise Your limitless vaibhavam to the limit of my abilities with huge struggle. when they approach their task of creating sthuthis on BhagavAn and His divine consort. BrahmA and others praising You. In spite of these well-known deficiencies. the father of ParAsara Bhattar can be heard in this fifth slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. kula dhaivatham. this fatigue is but natural. Aravindhalochanasya paadhAravindham sthOshyAmi”. Why do I persist in this impossible task? adiyEn persists with my self-assigned task for my tongue and my words to be cleansed and be blessed with sanctity and auspiciousness as a result of association with the celebration of your most sacred Vaibhavam. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY ADIYEN: Sri ParAsara Bhattar is engaged here in the time honored tradition of poets. Swamy AaLavandhAr followed the 31 example set by Poikai Piran (avaravar sadagopan. adiyEn is emboldened in this self-assigned task through the remembrance that VedAs. Their efforts would be much greater than mine and yet in a ocean of Your kalyANa guNAs. when adiyEn attempts to praise You. Yet. This makes it appropriate for me to engage in this effort). Then adiyEn recognized quickly that a mandha mathi and alpaj~nan like myself making a sankalpam to eulogize You is a saahasam because even MahAns like BrahmA and SivA fail in their attempts to praise adequately even a fraction of Your glories. adiyEn with my un-pious speech tries boldly to eulogize You. Swamy AlavandhAr expresses his unfitness even to approach the task of eulogizing the Lord this way: yadhvA srama avadhi yathA madhi vaapyasaktha: sthoumyEvamEva kalu tEpi sadha sthuvantha: VedAsc chathurmukha mukhAsccha mahArnavAntha: kO majjadhOraNu kulAchalayO: VisEsha: .

Suna: aarthisthu saamyEth). KurEsA's naicchAnusandhAnam serves to focus on the kalyANa guNams of Sri Devia as GangA PravAham. The dog's thirst is quenched by that attempt and no harm comes to the glory of GangA by the contact of the tongue of the lowly dog (BhAgIrathi sunA leeDaapi nahi dhushyEth.ChathusslOki : SlOkam 2 passage 32 . ParAsara Bhattar follows the path of AaLavandhaar and his father KurEsar in humbly acknowledging his futile effort to praise the kalyANa guNams of Sri RanganAyaki. The father of Bhattar. he is going to attempt to praise Sri Devi just as a dog is not afraid to lick the waters of the most sacred GangA river. In a mood of naicchAnusnadhAnam.Swamy AaLavanthAr. You are addressed by the most glorious name of Sri Devi with the connation of ShaadguNya sampoorNai. low (neechan) and with mean mind (dushta buddhi). ParAsara Bhattar follows the lead of his great father and his prAchAryans. the DevAs and their wives are Your assembly of servants. Sri KuResar (linked to the AchArya lineage of AaLavandhArPeriyanambi-RaamAnujar) addresses Sri Devi in his Sri Sthavam and comes out with thoughts identical to Swamy AaLavandhAr. The Sunaka sparsam leading to sukha sparsam for the Sunakam (Dog) is reason enough. Those cannot be described even by the Master of speech.org BrahmEsAdhi suravrajas sadayithas tvath daasa daasI gaNa: SrIrithyEva naama tE Bhagavathi BhrUma: katham thvAm Vayam --Swamy AaLavanthAr. KurEsar and ParAsara Bhattar are almost identical. BrahmA (Tvath sathguNArNonidhou thaadrusI vaak VAACHASPATHINAA API SAKYA RACHANAA KATHAM?).thaanthAmaRinthavAREtti) and Swamy NammazhwAr (tangaLanbhAratthamathu SOLVALATTHAAL talai tali siRanthu poosippa). KurEsar goes onto say that PirAtti's kalyANa guNams are such that it would be laughable to attempt to engage in praising them (haasyam na manmahE). We will conclude on this slokam 5 of Sri Guna Rathna Kosam with the insight provided by KurEsar (Sri Sthavam) and AaLavandhAr (ChathusslOki) in their sthOthrams about Sri Devi: sadagopan. when he refers to the futility of the effort to praise adequately the anantha kalyANa guNams of Sri RanganAyaki (Sri Devi). KurEsar describes himself to Sri Devi as a dim-witted one (aj~na:). He says: Oh Sri Devi! “taavakA: guNA: VaachAm manasaam cha durgrahathayA khyAtha:” (Your limitless auspicious guNAs are famous in that they can not be accessed by mind or speech ). limitless and svathassuddham. How can we (the lowly ones) dare to speak about you and attempt to praise You ?) yasyAstE mahimAnam athmana iva tvath vallabhOpi Prabhu: naalam maathumiyatthayA niravadhim nithyAnukoolam savtha: . He says that in spite of all these deficiencies. ChathusslOki: SlOkam 1 passage (Oh Mother! BrahmA. The phrases and thoughts used by Swamy AaLavandhAr.

PirAtti's dayA is “SvathO nithyAnukoolam” (always inherently comforting and dayAladen).org .KurEsar in Sri Sthavam (OH Sri Devi! Your Lord is Sarvaj~nan and Sarva Sakthan (Omniscient and Omnipotent). 33 sadagopan. Even He cannot fully assess Your prabhAvam to His satisfaction. when it comes to eulogizing You?). Devi tvanmahimAvathir na HariNA naapi thvayA Jn~AyathE -. we are not even fit to open our mouth in any effort to praise Your limitless auspicious attributes). He becomes asakthan in these efforts. Swamy Desikan will follow the panthA (path) shown by ParAsara Bhattar in his Sri Sthuthi. what about our (poor ones) lot.(Oh LokaikEswari! LokanAtha dayithE! Your Lord Sriman NaarAyanan of limitless prabhAvam Himself is unable to assess as to how great Your vaibhavam is. ParAsara Bhattar proceeds with his sthOthram on Sri RanganAyaki in the way shown by his father and Swamy AaLavanthAr. If that were to be so. If that is so. Keeping this assuaging thought in mind.

So. no one else is more appropriate than me to be the object of Your mahA KalyANa GuNams.N. Yes. There is no object fitter than me for all those auspicious attributes of yours to be targeted. pity. Why? There are important attributes that you possess such as forbearance. His arguments regarding his qualifications for being the best poet to praise Sri RanganAyaki is laid out here in a clever manner.org TRANSLATION OF THE MEANING BY DR. when he can illuminate well the attributes of the subject that he is eulogizing. Your qualities shine at their best only with regard to me. bounteousness and similar qualities would stand out in prominent perspective only when I am their target. He starts by conceding that it is an accepted practice to judge a poet's excellence by the skills he displays to illuminate and elaborate well the attributes of the object of his sthOthram. who is capable of publicizing the great virtues of the subject (that he is praising). OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN: ParAsara Bhattar was an expert in Tarkam. Therefore. generosity. my words are poor and defective. If he has that 34 . I declare that I am the fittest panegyrist for you. you should take compassion on me and let your showers of mercy fall on me to become suitable to attempt this effort of praising you.V. the burden and responsibility to be Your SthOthA will rest solely with me. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS FROM DR. My words are poor and deficient. But. one is recognized as a “SthOthA” by the learned people. ySmadSmdm. no one is better suited to praise you (than me). Under this criterion. as a poet of worth. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Bhagavathi! The world of scholars would acknowledge only that man. Because Your forbearance. dayA et al. graciousness.V. Under this criterion.V Oh Bhagavathi! In this world of Yours. I am the lowliest person. Hence.N. sthOthAram tamusanti dEvi ! kavayO yO visthruNeethE GuNAn sthOthavyasya tathasccha tE sthuthidhurA mayyEva visrAmyathi | YasmAdhasmAth amarshaNIya phaNithi svIkAratastE GuNA: KshAnthyoudharya dayAdhayO BhagavathI! svAm prastuveeran praTaam || sadagopan.R[Iy)i[itSvIkartSte gu[a> ]aNTyaEdayRdyadyae Égvit ! Sva< àStuvIrn! àwam! .SLOKAM 6 Staetar< tmuziNt deiv ! kvyae yae ivSt&[Ite gu[an! StaetVySy ttí te Stuitxura mYyev ivïaMyit .

oudhAryam (generosity) and dayA (Compassion) and reminds her that She is indeed Bhagavathi (the abode of other six gunams such as Isvaryam. Balam. the fittest object of Your dayA. the clever ParAsara Bhattar reveals how he is going to become fit for his duties. Bhattar states that the power of Her illustrious GuNAs will nullify his poor and defective vaak (speech) and then sanctify it to become fit to engage in Her sthuthi and thereby qualify to be recognized as Her famous sthOthA. Therefore adiyEn. 35 sadagopan. Tejas. they towered over my lowly self and my “amarshaNIya PhaNithi” and identified me as the right target for the torrent (prasravaNam) of Your KaruNai and soaked me in ecstasy. SthOthA is Bhattar. This poetic excellence should amply demonstrate his power to expand on and celebrate the GuNAs of his object of praise (ya: guNAn visthruNeethE). In the next two slOkams. He says: Because of the nature and power of Your KalyAna GuNams. That burden rests with me and me alone as a result of undertaking such important duties to be Your SthOthA. Bhattar now accepts full responsibility as the sthOthA of the Divine Mother with the statement: “sthuthi-dhurA mayyEva visrAmyathi” (the full responsibility to pay adequate tribute to You rests solely with me as Your sthOthA). Thus ends the first two paadhams of the sixth slOkam. declares myself now to be the best among Your sthOthAs (panegyrists). In the second paadham of the slOkam. Next. SthOthavyaa is Sri RanganAyaki. ParAsara Bhattar prays to the divine Mother for Her further blessings for the conferral of the full poetic power befitting the occasion. Bhattar connects now the SthOthA and SthOthvyaa and the responsibility of the sthOthA to engage in his efforts to praise Sri RanganAyaki (sthOthavyaa). Veeryam et al). He says: “KshAnthyoudhArya.org . The case has been laid out and the duties and the onus of responsibilities has been clearly stated.dayAdayO Bhagavathi! YasmAdhasmAth amarshaNIya phaNithi sveekArathas tE guNA:” First.prowess. Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as the embodiment of auspicious attributes like KshAnthi (patience and forbearance). then he is called a SthOthA (Tamm sthOthAram usanthi). Sakthi. DhurA means a burden or a load.

so that discerning connoisseurs of poetry will eagerly listen to the work with rubbed ears. These learned people are rasikAs of poetry and literary creations. When they experience the sweetness (maadhUrya rasam) of the Sthuthi about You. sUi´< sm¢ytu n> Svymev lúmI> ïIr¼rajmih.N. Herself. VEDANTHA DESIKAN May Goddess Sri RanganAyaki. When You participate in this manner actively. Sookthim samagrayathu na: svayamEva LakshmI: SrIRangarAja MahishI madhurai: kaDAkshai: | sadagopan. use of choice words.V.V Oh The divine consort of Lord RangarAjA! Are not You my Mother? You should bless me with Your auspicious glances and help me to complete this Sthuthi on You. varna-guNam (distinction of housing the flow of choice words). I dream that the fruits of this effort would be the creation of a Sthuthi with an integration of Vaidhagdhyam (insightful meanings).I mxurE> kqa]E> . ParAsara Bhattar makes a sincere appeal for Sri RanganAyaki's auspicious glances to fall on him to realize a sthuthi on Her. vEdGXyv[Rgu[guMÉngaErvEya¡ k{fUlk[Rk…hra> kvyae xyiNt . The learned aasthikAs will devour such a nectarine sthOthram through their ear cavities. Oh RanganAyaki blessing us as MahA Lakshmi in archai form at Srirangam! My prayers are for Your dayA to create this Sookthi and help. their ears will long more and more to hear this sthuthi.SLOKAM 7 In the seventh slOkam. Gouravam (guruthvam or majestic nature) and the seamless blending (gumbhanam) of all of the above features.V. then the resulting Sookthi will be OUR Sookthi instead of being just mine! 36 . Their ears will never be satiated. It will be aparyApthAmrutham for them. whetted to the hearing process! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY DR. which will pay the most befitting tribute to Her anantha kalyANa guNams. confer Her benign glances to make this work of OURS (Hers as much as mine!) perfect and replete with the admirable virtues of richness of content.org Vaidhagdhya-varNaguNa-gumbhana-gouravair yaam kaNDUla karNa kuharA: kavayO dhayanthi || THE MEANING BY DR.N. happy combination of all beauties.

When He did it Himself through me as a tool. He became myself. who made me --a nobody before--a poet to sing of Him in sweet verse.V : “To get sung of Himself. He had the work composed by me without any error. compete this task all by Yourself. ParAsara Bhattar pleads with Sri RanganAyaki: “na: sookthim samagrayathu”. if He were to do it-.9.OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN Here. Bhattar seeks the boon of a Sri Sookthi that has Vaidhagdhyam (skill.10 (MEANING): “To One. What should be completed? Our (Yours and mine or our Joint effort) should be completed . In the next slOkam.V.9. Samagra means complete. He would Himself sing. ParAsara Bhattar co-opts Sri Ranganaayaki to be the creator of the sthuthi about Herself in the spirit of Swamy NammAzhwAr's paasurams as pointed out by Dr.N. The experience would be an insatiable one for them. VarNa GuNam (the perfect order of arrangement of words or gathi kramam). all was well done.4 “Yennal tannai padhaviya inn kavi paadiya Appanukku yethuvum onRumillai seyvathu ingumangE “--ThiruvAimozhi: VII. When such a delectable Sri Sookthi is tasted by the ears of the learned poets. Gumbhana ghouravam (loftiness based on the union of the above features). 37 sadagopan. errors would have crept in. Samagrayathu means then let it be completed. The ear holes of those rasikAs will taste the nectarine sweetness of this Sri Sookthi of ours and will be aching to taste more. it would have been imperfect. How will You complete this task? You will get it done thru me by resting Your sweet and auspicious glances (Madhurai: kaDAkshai:) on me.” ---ThiruvAimozhi: VII. those ears will itch to devour more and more of “our” Sri Sookthi says Bhattar.I feel I can do no adequate return here or elsewhere”. Had I done it myself.Who should be completing this task? “SvayamEva LakshMI: SrirangarAja MahishI na: sookthim samagrayathu”. May Thou. dexterity and proficiency in arrangement of words in appropriate poetic metres). LakshmI. What will be the end result of the anugraha sakthi of Your Madhura KaDAksham? A Sri Sookthi full of deep meanings. ParAsara Bhattar elaborates on the supreme quality of the Sri Sookthi to be realized and prays for Sri RanganAyaki “to open up multitudes of vistas” for his poetic power.. choice word groups and serving as KarNAmrutham for the rasikAs will result. the divine consort of SrirangarAjA.org .

It should have abundance of many virtues. He prays further for deep VedAnthic thoughts to illustrate the scriptural authority for Sri Tatthvam. which is marked by clarity. 38 . The ears would be engaged in such an effort. Besides the freedom from the above dhOshams. ParAsara Bhattar prays for the boon of SarvathO-mukha paaNDithyam from Sri RanganAyaki to compose an unsoiled (anAgrAthA) sthOthram on Her without any dhOshams (avadhyam). sabdha as well as artha alankArams. anaghrAthAvadhyam bahuguNa pareeNAhi manaso duhAnam souhArdam parichitamivATApi gahanam | padhAnAm soubhrAthraadh animisha nishEvyam sravaNayO: thvamEva SrIrmahyam bahumukhaya VaaNee Vilasitham || sadagopan. pdana< saEæaÇadinim. it should also have a perceptible concord between words used-.org MEANING BY DR. it should be friendly in the intimacy of acquaintance and at the same time. VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh Goddess MahA Lakshmi! This work should have not even a trace of defect. which are in common parlance.SLOKAM 8 Anaºatav*< bhugu[pir[aih mnsae Êhan< saEhad¡ pirictimvawaip ghnm! . He wants the slOkams not to have any viparItha arthams (apArthams) and to have the proper flow without the dhOsham of Prakrama Bhangam (haphazard structure). become dear to the hearts of listeners. May You Yourself open up to multitudes of vistas to my poetic power! ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS (ADIYEN): In this slOkam. Bhattar prays to Sri RanganAyaki to realize a sthOthram on Her.V. be of yetunfathomed depths of literary merit.so that this sport of the literary muse would be appreciated by the listeners with an alert and attentive listening faculty that I would call the analogue of winkles eyes to imply uninterrupted attention.in. Bhattar prays for the boon of combination of Padhams in a mutually enriching manner that would make the listeners enjoy the beauty of the SlOkams like one is taking in the beauty without winking one's eyes. it should by its felicity.N. He wants the SthOthram to be delectable to the ears of the listeners with the usage of words.eVy< ïv[yae> Tvmev ïImRý< bhumuoy va[Iivlistm! .

SusabdhA (refined words and expressions). SamatA (balanced Expressions).org . 39 sadagopan. ParAsara Bhattar sought and obtained the blessings of Sri RanganAyaki to become a MahA Kavi adorned with the above lakshanams. a close affinity and cohesion (PadAnAm saubhrAtram). There should be among the words. Indeed Sarasvathi gets Her power as Vaak dEvi from MahA Lakshmi. That authoritative revelation points that Vaak DEvathai (The Commander and controller of Speech) is MahA Lakshmi and not Sarsavathi.Bhattar asks Sri RanganAyaki to enhance his Vaak-VilAsam multifold (mahyam bahumukhaya VaaNi Vilasitham). his namesake and the author of VishNu purANam. The total effect of such a composition will be that it is sweet to hear again and again (animishanishEvyam SravaNayO:). which consists in judicious juxtaposition of words in such a way that the words do not allow any substitution or change. but assume the magnanimous dimensions and unfathomable depths. Therefore. ParAsara Bhattar prays to Sri RanganAyaki for the boon of auspicious Speech that will lead to divine poetry. Dr. Happy blend of words (SaubhrAtraa) and Saarsavatha Vaak flow like a torrent due to the grace of Sri RanganAyaki.S. Ojas (the power to stimulate the mind of the listener). PadmanAbhan points out that ParAsara Bhattar is a MahA Kavi in that “His words are familiar to the readers. the auspicious glances of Sri RanganAyaki falls on ParAsara Bhattar and the choice expressions rich in aptness and excellence follow in the form of dhOsham-free poetry. He reminds Her that he is following the dictum of Sage ParAsarA. once a critical mind tries to understand the full significance of these words (paricitamivathApi gahanam). First. The expression “bhauguNa parINAhi” also suggests that according to ParAsara Bhattar a good poem should also have the guNAs such as PrasAda (clarity of word and meaning). SabdhAlankArAs (figures of Speech). ArthAlankArAs (upamaa/comparsions. UthprEkshA/ poetic fancy and RupakA/ metaphor) and appropriate metres”. This may be called sayA or pAka. that “ArthO VishNu: Iyam VaaNI”.

Be pleased to listen with attentiveness! Definite it is that Your eyes will revolve in delectation-caused mesmerism.SLOKAM 9 AdiyEn will cover ParAsara Bhattar's conversation with SriranganAthan about his efforts to sing about the praise of Sri RanganAyaki in this slOkam: iïy> ïI> ! ïIr¼ezy ! tv c ù*a< ÉgvtI— iïy< TvÄae=PyuCcEvRyimh )[am> ï&[utram! .SampoorNai. who bestows affluence to the storehouse of affluence (that Lakshmi is)! Oh Lord RanganAthA! She is very dear to You. we are going to praise. a hundred armours would be exploded in Your experience of my exquisite poem on Your dearest consort! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY DR. Sriya: SrI:! SrIrangEsaya ! tava cha hrudhyAm BhagavathIm Sriyam thvathyOucchair vayamiha PhaNAma: SruNutharAm | dhrusou tE bhUyAsthAm sukhataraLathArE SravaNatha: sadagopan. Bhattar says: “Thiruvukkum ThiruvAhiya SelvA! Oh Lord RangA! Oh Bhagavan! We are going to sing about Your dharma Pathni.arms and form as a result of hearty enjoyment of pleasing poetry on a dear subject.aRt! Spuqtu Éujyae> kÁcukztm! . who is shAtguNya. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: It is not clear whether Bhattar sang this praise of Sri RanganAyaki in front of PerumAL at His sannidhi or sang it during their sErthi sEvai during a Panguni Uttharam day.V.aeRTk. I am going to eulogize Her at a level higher than You can!” Two meanings are implied here: 40 . Bhattar does take the liberty of predicting as to what is going to happen as a result of the Lord listening with great joy. Your armour will break and shatter to pieces. we are going to place Her even superior to You and we are going to praise Her as even better than You Yourself can!). and mind You. You will expand in body . †zaE te ÉUyaSta< suotr¦tare ïv[t> punhR. VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh Lord.N.N.org punar harshOthkarshAth sphutathu bhujayO: kanjukasatham || MEANING BY DR. She is very dear to You! You must have an idea of how I am going to praise Your pathni. the slOkams of his Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam.V. Her. even better than You! (that is. And as You enjoy it.

All the above four are saluted therefore as “UdhAra Vaak”. KuREsar (Sri VaikuntaSthavam:29).7. That Sri RanganAthan is Para Tathvam is proven further by the fact that He is Parama 41 sadagopan. AlavanthAr asks a rhetoric Question in this context in his SthOthra Rathnam and answers it himself later: “KassrI: Sriya:? Parama PurushOtthama: Ka:?” Satthva samAsraya: Ka:? PuNDarIka Nayana: Ka:? (MEANING): Who is the One that confers MangaLathvam on the Parama MangaLa Moorthy Herself? Who is the One.I am going to sing about Her to show that She has qualities that are superior than Yours. You also realize that my Sthuthi is not an ordinary one! Finally. What would be the effect of hearing my superior sthuthi on You? The dark pupils of Your eyes will rotate out of that joyous experience. Parama Saathvikan. who is “Sriya: SrI:”. Your body will swell with pride and will lead to Your big shirt to burst. who all recognized the Lord as the One. OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN 1. If you were to wear another shirt that hangs loosely to begin with.1 on TherazhundhUr PerumAL).org .Rathnam:12) and his own Father. He bases his conclusion on the facts that Sriya: Pathithvam is the top most item among His Parathva Saadhakams. I do not know how Your own praise of Your PirAtti would turn out to be. then Your swelling arms and body will make that shatter too! Even hundreds of shirts cannot fit You as they get changed because your body would keep on growing and burst the shirts one after another. You of course realize the greatness of Your Devi's extraordinarily auspicious attributes. I am planning to eulogize Her at a level higher than You. Your capacity to enjoy such a sthuthi is not commonplace! Your raasikyam (Connoisseurship) is one of the best that we know! With the address of the Lord as “Sriya: Sri:” Bhattar joins the highly celebrated and small group of Thirumangai AzhwAr (Periya Thirumozhi : VII. Sriya: SrI: Thirumangai salutes Aamuruviappan (Gosakan) of ThErazhundhUr as “Thiruvukkum ThiruvAhiya SelvA” with great endearment in his Paasuram. who bestows MangaLam on the MangaLa Naayaki Herself ( Sriya: SrI:). But. AlavanthAr (SthOthra. Aravindha Lochanan (Tasya YathA kapyAsam PuNDarikam yEvamakshiNI) and PurushOtthaman is none other than Sriman NaarAyaNan. who is the embodiment of Satthva GuNam without admixture of even a trace of RajO GuNam or TamO GuNam? Who is the One that has PuNdarika nayanan (eyes defeating the lotus in their beauty)? Who is that Purushan that is the supreme most One? AlavanthAr answers all these question readily by pointing out that Purushan.

Sri RanganAyaki. who is dear to Your heart. He keeps on swelling with pride that even new and larger shirts suffer the same fate. What is the effect of such attentive listening? Sri RanganAthan's eyes rotate with Joy (KaruvizhigaL PiRazhthiduha / dhrusou tE bhUyAsthAm) arising from this delectable experience of listening (SukhataraLathArE SravaNatha:) What else is going to happen? His pride of being blessed with Sri Devi as His Piratti and the joyous experience of His son (Bhattar) singing exquisitely about Her supreme attributes makes Lord RanganAthan swell up and burst His shirts adorning His big arms. “Sriya: Sri:” alone has undisputed Parathva Lingam. Tava cha HrudhyAm BhagavathIm Sriyam PhaNAma: We are going to eulogize the Lady. Limitless indeed is the Lord's pride as He hears Bhattar's slOkams eulogizing Sri RanganAyaki! Marvelous indeed is the exquisiteness of Bhattar's poetry blessed by Sri RanganAyaki Herself! 42 .Saathvikan. PurushOtthama Tatthvam celebrated by VedAs. Bhattar salutes Periya PerumAL enjoying His Yoga NidhrA on the bed of Adhi Seshan at Srirangam. PuNDarIkAksham is uniquely associated with Sriya: SrI: and hence it is another proof of Parathva Lingam (Sign of Supreme Being). BhagavathIm Sriyam TvatthOpyucchai: Vayamiha PhaNAMa: sadagopan. who has the six attributes (tejO-Bala-Veerya -Isvarya et al) befitting Her name as Bhagavathi. With the choice of this word. Upanishads and Bhagavath Geethai (PurushOtthama Yogam chapter) assert clearly that Sriman NaarAyaNan.org Thirumalai Nallan RamakrishNa Iyengar Swamy translates this section as “ThirumahaLai Bhagavathiyai ninakkum mElAha cheppukinrOm” SRUNUTARAM Oh Sriya: Sri:! Please listen to our Superior praise on Your dear consort attentively.

chosen for the purpose. the Smrithis and the Saathvika PurANAs. VEDANTHA DESIKAN'S TRANSLATION AND COMMENTS: Treatment of a subject. scale or authority. would treat this infallible authority. The tenth slOkam housing these thoughts is as follows: deiv ! ïuit< ÉgvtI— àwme puma<s> TvTsd!gu[aE"mi[kaezg&h< g&[iNt .. Devi Srutim BhagavatIm praTamE pumAmsa: thvath sadhguNouka maNikOsa gruham gruNanthi | taddhvAra pADana paDUni cha sEthihAsasantharkaNa smruthi purANa purassarANi || DR.SLOKAM 10 In the ninth slOkam. This present work of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam is. 43 sadagopan. td!ÖarpaqnpqUin c seithass<tk›[Sm&itpura[purSsrai[ . keeping Your qualities in a safe spot. Paraasara Bhattar had a challenge to Sri RanganAthA through his claim that his (Bhattar's) praise of Sri RanganAyaki would be superior to that of the Lord Himself. passing a verdict--all these depend on the basis. as we may call it. The correct weight of a material will depend on the reliability of the weighing scale employed. V. blemish less VedhAs. the Sruthi--as the Treasure chest. In a similar manner. the Smruthi texts and the Saathvika PurANAs elaborate and clarify the Sri Tatthvam as adumbrated by the faultless. the scripture chosen as the scale should be perfect and blemish less. Great leaders of religion like VaalmIki. (That is. I am going to describe the qualities of SrI revealed by the VedhAs and such auxiliary works listed above). Swamy NammAzhwAr etc. the Epics. good logic. ParAsara Bhattar shifted his attention from Sri RanganAthan to Sri RanganAyaki and declared that the ancient rishis (sages) aver that the apourushEya VedAs are the reposiories for the gem. The IthihAsAs. He invited Sri RanganAthan to listen to his sthuthi of His Devi very carefully.N. the Treasure chest with the above key. In the tenth slOkam. VyAsa ParAsara. namely. what is revealed on opening.org . Therefore. judging the quality. The key to that Treasure chest is the adjuvant authorities. namely.like klayaaNa GuNams of Sri Devi (Sri RanganAyaki). The ONLY ONE of real absolute infallibility is the VedhAs. of the correctness of weights used for balancing.

GruNanthi means to praise. Here. Sri Bhattar points out that he is just following the path of the great sages. The first two Veda manthrams of NeeLA Sooktham house the words “GruNAhi” and “GuNanthu”. SruthikkE Adaimozhi is BhagavathI (i. Bhattar suggests that the Upa-bruhmanams like Smrithis and PurANams reveal the inner meanings of the VedhAs to elaborate on the anantha kalyANa guNams of Sree Devi just as Purusha Sooktham describes the limitless auspicious attributes of Her Lord. anaadhi Vedhams. who developed their PramANams based on the infallible truisms of the authorless.). 44 . that is the treasure chest on opening and studying which. the author of Sri VishNu purAnam (Sage ParAsarar). It is fascinating to see that Bhattar weaves in the Vedic word with the root of “Gru” (GruNanthi) in this slOkam extolling the praise of Vedams and their links to Sree Devi. sadagopan. the gems of excellent qualities of MahA lakshmI will be revealed to us. Bhattar describes those. announce. These UpabruhmaNams are invaluable to interpret the inner meanings of the Vedhams housing the anantha kalyANa guNams of Sri Devi. who went before him like VyAsar. VaalmIki. The keys that open the above jewel box (Tath DhvAra. proclaim.pADana-paDUni) are the UpabruhmaNams (IthihAsams.e. Bhattar says in this context: “Devi! pumAmsa: (Great ones like VyAsaa.great Qualities--Gems-treasure chest. resplendent auspicious attributes of Sri RanganAyaki. His sthuthi helps to appreciate the GuNa Rathanams locked inside the jewel box of VedAs and opened by the key made up of Smrithi.org Bhattar states that the key to open the treasure chest housing the GuNa Rathnams of Sri RanganAyaki is the UpabruhmaNams. Those vedhams holding the top spot for adoration are described as the jewel box housing Your gem-like kalyANa guNams (Tvath sadh guNa MaNi kOsa gruham). Tarkam and IthihAsams. PumAmsa: (Great Sages) place these blemish less Vedhams in the first place (Bhagavthim Sruthim praTamE gruNanthi).SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam literally means MahA LakshmI-. In the next slOkam. Smrithi and Saathvika PurANams). Saathvika PurANams. Manu and others. who is the archA form of Sree Devi at Srirangam. ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS Here ParAsara Bhattar states that the treasure chest that he is going to open is the container of the great gem-like. who misinterpret VedhArthams and wallow in misery until the last days of their lives. good tarkam/samtarkaNam. the synonym for BhagavathI is Sruthi (Vedhams). ParAsarA and others) sruthIm BhagavathIm tvath sadhguNouka MaNi kOsa Gruham GruNanthi”. who are not fortunate to receive Sri Devi's KrupA KatAksham are indeed fools.

who have fallen into this miserable state because of their misfortune in not being the object of Sri RanganAyaki's krupA katAksham. iÉ]avNye suraj<Évimit c jfaSte tlatLyka. ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS Here.org aahurvEdAnamAnam katichana katichArAjakam visvamEthadh . Bhattar describes five categories of such people.V. Bhikshu. who admitted a God. All these warring groups indulge only in mutual beating and create a huge furor.Ru> ye te ïIr¼hMyaR¼[knklte ! n ][< lúymasn! .SLOKAM 11 In the eleventh slOkam. auspicious qualities to that deity. (Oh RanganAyaki!) They all behaved in this manner only because Your Grace was not available to them. denied however.N. Bhattar alludes to the unfortunate people who have developed strident and conflicting views regarding “the world manifestation and the status of MahA Lakshmi”. SivA. The eleventh slOkam containing these thoughts is: AahuvRedanman< kitcn kitcarajk< ivñmetd! rajNvTkeicdIz< gui[nmip gu[ESt< dirÔa[mNye . Others. A few others would say there is no God. would commit the crime of destroying/ denying the authoritative stature to the VedAs. Some others conferred Godhead on a mendicant. Bhattar describes the fools. Bhattar points out that these deluded people do not acknowledge or perceive the truisms embedded in the text of great authority such as Vedham and as a result have failed to be the objects of Sri RanganAyakI's grace. These unfortunate ones are grouped by Bhattar into five categories of disbelievers and distorters of the eternal Truth proclaimed by the Vedhams: 45 sadagopan. who were out of bounds to Your grace. rAjanvath kEchidIsam guNinamapi guNaistam daridrANamanyE | BhikshAvanyE surAjambhavamiti cha jaDAsthE talAtalyakArshu: yE tE Sriranga harmyAngaNa kanakalathE! na kshaNam lakshyamAsan || MEANING BY DR. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Goddess! Veritable creeper of Gold! Queen of the palace of Sree Ranga VimAnam! Those dunces. namely. who go around with noisy protests and quarrels in the world.

These are known as SaankyAs. The former holds the world to exist only in the form of knowledge. The Buddhists come under the twin groups of HeenayAna (lower path) and the MahAyAna (the great path). The MahAyAna group is again subdivided into two: The YogAchAra School and Nihilism School. sadagopan. HeenayAna is subdivided into VaibhAsikAs and SautrAntrikas. They belong to the Naasthika systems. who see in a mendicant Isvarathvam.org All the three Naasthika darsanams are called as Vedha. There.Those who deny the Vedhams as PramANams altogether: Jainism. This NirIsvara Saankya darsanam rejects Isvara tatthvam and hence the Saankya darsana followers are known as “arAjakars” (Those who believe that there is no king/Isvaran). The Jains adopting “anekAntavAdha” believe that nothing can have a particular trait. The materialists deny the existence of any thing. The latter (Nihilism) denies altogether the total existence of the world and accepts SoonyA (Void) as the reality. but gives incorrect meanings to VedhAs. This group tries to prove the existence of God by inference. which affirm the VedhAs as unassailable PramANams (Instruments of valid knowledge). ParAsara Bhattar in His masterly work.Baahya darsanams. Former maintain that the world is real. The third category consists of VaisEshikAs. This Bikshu is a karmAdhinan and states clearly that He is the daasan of Sriman NaarAyaNan in Manthra Raaja Padha Sthothram and elsewhere. They are opponents of Aasthika darsanams. This line of thinking was founded by KaNAda and is also known as Asath-karya Vaadham. They make Him “GuNa Daridhran”. They recognize our Lord to the limit of nimittha kaaraNam but do not extend Him to UpAdhAna KaaraNam (material cause). but emphasize inference (anumAna) and Verbal comprehension (sabdhA). since they reject VedhAs. who accept the authority of VedAs. they stop by excluding Isvaran. The fourth group accepts Vedam (sabdha PramANam) but makes the Lord of limitless KalyANa guNams (SaguNa Brahmam) as bereft of those auspicious attributes. The second category accepts VedhAs. They accept 25 Tatthvams: (1) Moola Prakruthi or primordial entity (2) mahath or great principle (3) ahankAra or the cosmic egoism (4) manas or mind (5-9) Jn~AnEndhriyams or organs of knowledge (10-14) karmEndhriyam or organs of action (15-19) Pancha tanmAtrAs or five subtle elements (20-24) Five gross elements and (25) Purusha or Jeevan. They replace VedhAs with the authors of Jain texts. The fifth group constituted by Saivars. 46 . Buddhism and Materialism (ChArvAkAs). These are the MaayA Vaadhis. Tatthva RatnAkara has criticized soundly the deficiencies of this school of thought to uphold the supremacy of VisishtAdvaitham. There is no 26th Tatthvam that VisihtAdhvaithin accepts as a cardinal principle. All the three deny the concepts of soul and God as held by the followers of the VedhAs. but has only a momentary existence. The latter (SautrAntrikas) arrive at the world's existence only through inference. which are beyond the reach of the eyes.

the golden creeper blessing us as the Queen of the palace at Srirangam.All of these five groups quarrel with one another and are either non-believers in Vedham as PramANam or misinterpret the Vedhic passages to their own advantage in an unsatisfying and inconclusive manner. All these viparIthams happen because of their failure to become the objects of the grace of Sri RanganAyaki.org . Perumdevi Thayar: Thirukachchi 47 sadagopan.

V. Bhattar referred to the KalyANa GuNams of Sri RanganAyaki. That treasure is hidden inside the Veda Siras 48 . Manasi vilasatAkshNA Bhakthi siddhAnjanEna sadagopan. namely the treasure of Your great qualities. This slOkam is as follows: mnis ivlstaú[a Éi´isÏaÃnen ïuitizris ingUF< lúmI! te vI]ma[a>. Fortunate persons use the unguent of Bhakthi and are. able to see the treasure hidden below surface at the hill top. Those.N. which lie hidden in the manthrams of the Upanishads (the peaks of Vedic hills). VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Goddess! Reservoir of all auspicious qualities! (Traditionally it is believed that the eyes can envision under-the-ground-hidden objects if a special dark unguent -anjana.org sruti sirasi nigUDam Lakshmi! tE veekshamANA: | nidhimiva mahimAnam bhunjathE yEapi dhanyA: nanu Bhagavati! daivIm sampadham tEabhijAtA: || MEANING BY DR.is applied on to the eyes).SLOKAM 12 In the previous slOkam. “mai” in Tamil . iniximv mihman< ÉuÃte ye=ip xNya> nnu Égvit ! dEvI— s<pd< te=iÉjata>. One needs mai or anjanam of Bhakthi to see the treasure of MahaA Lakshmi's mahimai (hidden in one's mind). Her limitless auspicious attributes (Her mahimai) are like a treasure that is hidden under the surface of the hills of Upanishads. he describes how the blessed people are able to see those auspicious attributes with the unguent of Bhakthi.V MahA Lakshmi has Sakala KalyAna GuNams. thereby.V. ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS: Bhattar states here that Bhakthi SiddhAnjanam is needed to witness and enjoy the treasure of the Mahimai of MahA Lakshmi.N. That anjanam will provide the Jn~Ana chakshus (eyes) to comprehend and enjoy that priceless treasure. ADDITIONAL COMMENTARY BY DR. who are able to enjoy Her Mahimai. are indeed bhAgyasAlis (DhnayA:). Here.

Bhattar uses the exact words of Bhagavath GitA 16. while elaborating on the greatness of DhanyAs. . the Upanishads.are heard in the Bhagavath GithA chapter 16 and ThiruppAvai paasuram 25 “Thiruttakka Selvam”. The role of Bhakthi-siddhAnjanam to comprehend Him and attaining Him are covered here. Lord says that He blesses the Bhakthi Yogis with Buddhi YOgam.e. Bhattar's thoughts have echoes in the tenth chapter of Srimath Bhagavath GithA. with their PrANAs centered on Him. You are born to the divine destiny.). the saadhakAs comprehend the supernal manifestation and the splendour of His auspicious attributes and become dhanyA. which is unsurpassed in its love for the Lord). they live in contentment and bliss at all times: (MacchitthA madhgathaprANA BhOdhayantha: Parasparam . who are able to comprehend fully the limitless auspicious attributes of MahA Lakshmi with Bhakthi SiddhAnjanam.(i. Those who are able to experience MahA Lakshmi's KalyANa GuNams with Bhakthi SiddhAnjanam become possessed with dhaiva sampath (divine wealth) that leads one to Moksham.org KaTayanthsccha Maam nithyam thushyanthi cha ramanthi cha). which can be equated to the SiddhAnjanam. With their minds focused on Him. O ArjunA. In the Tenth slOkam of the Tenth chapter. The fifth slOkam of the 16th chapter refers to this dhivya sampath: dhaivI sampath vimOkshAya niBhandhAyAsuri mathA Maa sucha: Sampadham dhaivIm abhijAthOsi PaaNdava (MEANING): The divine destiny (wealth) is deemed to lead to liberation.5 (underlined above) in His 11th slOkam of GuNa Rathna KOsam.With the help of this anjanam. Slokam 5 BhAshyakArar explains the nature of their bliss as “ananya prayOjanam and anavadhikAthisaya Priyam” (spontaneous speech filled with delight without any ulterior motives and incomparably dear speech. inspiring one another and always speaking of Him. They are dhanyA: (DhanavAns or possessors of inestimable wealth). Grieve not. Echoes of the nature of the DhaivI Sampath --arising from the full comprehension of the anantha kalyANa guNams of Sri RanganAyaki with the use of Bhakthi SiddhAnjanam-. They are indeed BhAgyasaalis (blessed beings).Bhagavath Gita Chapter. 49 sadagopan. the demoniac wealth (aasuri sampath as opposed to DhaivI sampath) leads to bondage.

SLOKAM 13

ASyezana jgt #it te=xImhe ya< sm&iÏ— ïI>! ïIsU´< bhumuoyte ta< c zaoanuzaom!, $òe kií¾gt #it y> paEé;e sU´ %´St< c TvTk< pitmixjgavuÄríanuvak>.
asyEsAnA jagatha iti tE adhImahE yaam samruddhim SrI: ! SrI sooktam bhaumukhayatE tAmm cha sAkhAnusAkham | EeshtE kascchij-jagata iti ya: pourushE sookta ukta: tamm cha tvatkam patimadhijagou uttharascchAnuvAka: ||

sadagopan.org

MEANING BY DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
Oh LakshmI! The Upanishadic statement, “The consort of VishNu is the supreme Goddess, Isvaree, to all the world” is elaborated in Sree Sooktha of each Vedhic branch; and in the Utthara-anuvAkA, it is stated, “whosoever is declared in Purushasooktha as the Lord ruling over this universe is the husband of Bhoomi DEvi and Lakshmi”. All this emphasizes that the Lord NarAyaNA is the unquestioned ruler and You, the Empress of the whole Universe.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY DR.V.N.V:
Oh PirAtti! TaittirIya Samhithai (4.4) declares “asyEsAnA jagatho VishNu Pathnee” (PerumAl's consort is the Empress of all the worlds). This Your Isavrithvam (being an Empress) and aisouryam (unlimited VibhUthi) is saluted multifold in every brach of the vedAs. Further, Purusha Sooktam praising Your Lord's glories states clearly: “Purusha yEvatham Sarvam! yath BhUtham Yaccha Bhavyam udhAmruthathvasyEsAnA:” (All these are indeed Purushan! That Purushan is the Lord of ALL. He is indeed the Lord also for the immortal and blissful Moksham). In addition to the above pronouncements, in the uttharaanuvAkam of the above Purusha Sooktham, Vedam declares: “HrIsccha tE LakshmIsccha Pathnyou” and “SraddhayAa dEvO Devathvam asnuthE” (BhUmi and Lakshmi are Your consorts and You obtain Your status as Devan because of Lakshmi, Your divine consort). Thus MahA- LakshmI's glories are loudly proclaimed by the blemishless VedAs. He becomes Isvaran because of being Lakshmi Pathi in the first place. In view of this Vedic evidence, we stick to our original statement made in the 9th slOkam: Sriyam tvatthOpucchair vayamiha PaNAma: “(Oh Lord of Sri Devi! We assert that Sri Devi is Superior to You in view of Her conferring Isvarathvam for You)”.

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“EeshtE kascchijjagatha: ithi ya: pourushE sooktha uktha:” (That One, who rules or lords over the Universe as Isvaran) may not be found verbatim in the Purusha Sooktam, but the essence of this statement is clearly found in Purusha Sooktham and the Upanishad passages.

ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS:
In the previous slOkam, Bhattar had incorporated text from Srimath Bhagavath GithA to extol the greatness of Sri RanganAyaki. In this slOkam, Bhattar includes exact text from TaittirIya Samhithai (asyEsAnA JagathO VishNu PathnI:) and refers to Sri Sooktham, Purusha Sooktham passages and Upanishads contributing evidence to MahA Lakshmi conferring Isvarathvam on Her Lord by being His consort. Bhattar uses these evidences and diplomatically concedes that Sriman NaarAyaNan is the undisputed Ruler of this Universe and Sri RanganAyaki is the Empress of the very same Universe.

Thayar- Nagamangala

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sadagopan.org

SLOKAM 14
After citing passages from Bhagavath GithA, Vedam and Upanishads earlier as pramANams for the status of MahA Lakshmi as the Empress of the Universe, conferring the status of Isvarathvam to her Lord, Bhattar refers to UpabrumhaNams (IthihAsa PurANams) as clinching evidence now for this view in slOkam 14:

%d!bahuSTvamupin;dsavah nEka inyNÇI— ïImÔamay[mip pr< àai[it Tv½irÇe , SmtaRrae=Sm¾nin ! ytme seithasE> pura[EinRNyuveRdanip c ttme TvNmihMiç àma[m! .
uddhbAhusthvAm UpanishadasaavAha naikA niyanthrIm

sadagopan.org

SrImath RaamAyanamapi param prANiti tvaccharithrE | smartArOssmajjanani yatamE sEthihAsai: PurANai: Nithyur VedA napi cha tatamE tvannmahimni PramANam || MEANING BY DR.V.N.VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
It is not as though the Upanishads and Purusha Sooktam alone declare in this manner, Your superemacy, raising their arms high to proclaim with a great force. Sreemath RaamAyanam too acknowledges to having been composed as a praise of SeethA's life; indeed, it sustains its life-breath from You (MahA LakshmI). Smrithi authors too, had to derive declarations of Your greatness from the VedhAs, aided by IthihAsAs and PurANAs.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY DR.V.N.V:
It is not only the Upanishads and Purusha Sooktham that raise their hands and declare that You (Mahaa lakshmI is SarvEsvari. Indeed Srimath RaamAyanam, the most prominent among IthihAsams sustains itself by eulogizing Your Mahimai. Sage ValmIki attested to that with the statement: “SeethAyA: Charitham mahath” (SeethA Devi's charithram is indeed great). At the surface, Sreemath RaamAyanam may appear as the story of RaamA. The deeper purport of Sreemath RaamAyanam is the eulogy of the glories of SeethA PirAtti. Why? It is because even the Lord's mercy becomes fulfilled by the PurushakAram of SeethA pirAtti. Oh My Mother! All the creators of Smrithis unanimously declare that VedAs have become PramANams with the help of the IthihAsams and PurANams. Oh RanganAyaki! VedAs are PramANams for Your vaibhavam. The foundations for the vedhams as PramAnams are the UpabruhmaNams like IthihAsam (Sreemeth RaamAyanam) and Saathvika PurANams.

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53 sadagopan. VedAngAs and Upanishads is NOT a learned at all. Bhattar points it out here and takes the IthihAsam of Sreemath RaamAyaNam as an example in this context to attest to the unquestioned glories of Sri RanganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi). Sreemath RaamAyaNam. The greatness of the IthihAsams is described in MahA Bharatham itself: yO vidhyAth chathurO VedhAn SaangOpanishadhAn dhvija: na chAkhyAnamidham VidhyAth naiva sa syAth vichakshana: (MEANING): A brahmin. and cutting at the very roots the trees of false and perverted DharmAs”. IthihAsams have been described as “Saasthra Saaram”. DhvAdasa Naama Panjara sthOthra slOkam attests to the greatness of Kesavan (the Lord) with raised hands: “sathyam Sathyam Puna: Sathyam UDDHDHRUTHYA BHUJAM UCHYATHE VedA: Saasthram param naasthi na dhaivam KesavAth Param” Bhattar points out that the Upanishads and Purusha Sooktham attest to MahA Lakshmi's greatness with their arms raised in this slOkam (uddhbAhusthvAm Upanishada-saavAha naikA NiyanthrIm).org . descending from the high mountain of the VedAs. What is being said of Sage VyAsA's IthihAsam is equally applicable to Sage Vaalmiki's IthihAsam. who is not versed in IthihAsA.ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS: Raising one's hands in an assertive gesture to attest to the truth of the matter is an accepted fact. For instance. cited by ParAsara Bhattar in this slOkam. The important role played by IthihAsams to elaborate on the terse statements of VedAs to understand fully the meanings of Veda manthrAs makes the IthihAsam as a great authority. but only in the four VedAs. MarkaNdEya PurANam pays tribute to IthihAsam (MahA Bharatham here) this way: “This world has been sanctified and has been made free of impurities by the floods of the holy words of VyAsA.

luck-conferring and blessed ones-. the holy Ganges. HOLY AND AUSPICIOUS. in short. who presides over a vast world. The fifteenth slokam carrying these thoughts is as follows: Aak…¢am inyamkadip ivÉaerasvR invaRhkat! @eñy¡ yidhaeÄraeÄr gu[< ïIr¼ÉtRu> iàye . Sri Bhattar points out the assembly of the greatest wealth and auspiciousness in this world are but a miniscule portion of Sri RanganAyaki’s immeasurable wealth and auspiciousness. aakugrAma niyamakAdapi vibhOrAsarva nirvAhakAth sadagopan. going to the seat of BrahmA. all things coming under the category of lucky. the potent rituals coming under the class of DharmAs.V. the lustrous gem stones of great value.all are but equivalent to five or six drops in the fountain flow (KatAksha PravAham) from you. the affluence and power authority. the mammothness of Mount Meru and the like.a> ivàu. the heavy HimAlayAs and similar mountains.> . similar rivers and centers which confer sanctity.org isvaryam YadihOtthara-GuNam Srirangabharthu: priyE! | tungam mangaLam ujjvalam garimavath puNyam puna: paavanam Dhanyam yatthadhasccha veekshaNabhuvastE panchashA viprusha: || MEANING BY DR.N. and.VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Dear Consort of RanganAthA! Starting from the headship of a cluster of villages. 54 .SLOKAM 15 In the fifteenth slOkam. YOU ARE THE SOURCE SPOT FOR ALL THAT IS GOOD. tu¼< m¼lmuJJvl< girmvt! pu{y< pun> pavn< xNy< yÄddí vI][ÉuvSte pÂ.

to bring out these thoughts while he composed this slOkam: (PraNavam) MahA VibhUthyai Nama: (PraNavam) Sakthi NaayikAyai Nama: (PraNavam) BhOkthru Sakthyai Nama: (PraNavam) Sarva RasAyai Nama: (PraNavam) AparimithAyai Nama: (PraNavam) SubhAvahAyai Nama: (PraNavam) Dhana Lakshmyai Nama: (PraNavam) Svasthi Karyai Nama: (PraNavam) Raajya Lakshmyai Nama: (PraNavam) BhUmAyai Nama: (PraNavam) MangaLa DevathAyai Nama: (PraNavam) Raaja Sriyai Nama: (PraNavam) Veda Sriyai Nama: (PraNavam) Deva Sriyai Nama: (PraNavam) Nija Sakthyai Nama: (PraNavam) Sarva MangalAyai Nama: 55 sadagopan. Bhattar praises the VaNmai (power) of the KatAksha VeekshaNyam of Sri RanganAthan's dear consort. who wrote a brilliant commentary on Sri VishNu Sahasra Naamams might have the following Sri LakshmI Sahasra Naamams in mind. Bhattar.org .ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS: Here.

org Sri ParAsara Bhattar describes the distinct impact of one (Yeka:) who was blessed with the KaTaaksham of Sri RanganAyaki and the other (anya:). on whom She had closed Her eyes. VEDANTHADESIKAN: Two extremes of status in worldly life can be imagined for an illustration. yEkO mukthAtapathra prachala-maNi-gaNAth kaarimoulir manushyO dhrupyadh danthAvaLasthO na gaNayathi nathaan yathkshaNam kshONipAlAn | yatthasmai thishtatEnya: krupaNamasaraNO darsayan dhanthapankthee tatthE SrIrangarAja praNayini nayanOdhanchitha nyanchithAbhyAm || MEANING BY DR.V. utterly helpless. he will feign a look of total unconcern. may be visualized as the very personification of indigency --the exact opposite of the first person! The two are in strong contrast. the pearl-studded royal umbrella causing a dashing of the dangling bells on the crown creating a pleasing jingle. another man. You had closed Your eye-glances.N. ADIYEN'S OBSERVATIONS sadagopan. a great blessing.SLOKAM 16 The Power of Sri RanganAyaki's Eyes @kae mu´atpÇàclmi["[aTkairmaEilmRnu:yae †PyÎNtav¦Swae n g[yit n tan! yT][< ]aei[palan! . The first had received Your distinct eye-glances. But to the latter. standing pathetically with exposed teeth. This is the only explanation for the contrast in situation between the two people. In contrast. One person sits proudly with pleasure on an elephant. The other is at the bottom of the vale of poverty. The fortunate one sits on the back of a royal elephant under the pearl studded umbrella and the majestic movement of the elephant makes the gems on the crown jostle with each other and creates a nice sound. The first one is fortunate and is on top of the heap of Isvaryams as a result of the LakshmI KatAksham. The vassal kings bow to this fortunate one and he in turn acts 56 . a long row of royal personages bend before him in homage. he will have nothing but disdain for them. half-clad. yÄSmE itóte=Ny> k«p[mzr[ae dzRyn! dNtp'!´I tÄe ïIr¼rajà[iyin ! nynaediÂtNyiÂta_yam! .

He has tattered clothes and shows his teeth in a mode of begging before the fortunate one riding on the royal elephant.as though he does not see their bent heads out of his haughtiness and Isvarya garvam. The unfortunate one. who did not have the benefit of the glances of Sri RanganAyaki falling on him is a destitute and anaadhai (“RakshakAnthara-Rahithan”) and has no one to seek as his protector.org . The first half of the following seventh slOkam of Sri Sthavam of KurEsar is the reference point / inspiration for the son (Sri ParAsara Bhattar) in composing this slOkam: Isvaryam mahadhEva vaa alpam athavaa dhrusyEtha pumsAm hi Yath TallakshmyA: samudheekshaNAth tava yatha: saarvathrikam varthathE ---(MEANING): Oh Sri Devi! We are not surprised that the abundance of the wealth or utter poverty associated with the human beings is only due to the casting of Your side glances on them or due to the absence of such glances falling on them. Such is the contrast between the one blessed with the soubhAgyam of Sri RanganAyaki's katAksham and the other who was not that fortunate. (KurEsar goes on to say that even Her Lord Sriman NaarAyaNan considers Himself blessed by those auspicious glances falling on Him/ NaarAyaNa: api tava EekshaNAth svAthmAnam dhanyam manyathE). Sri ParAsara Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as “SrirangarAja PraNayini / Ponnarangar Kaathali” and explains that the difference in the status of “Yeka:” and “anya:” is due to the first one receiving Nayana katAksham and the other one failing to receive it (nayana sankOcham). Such is the power of the Nayanams of Sri Ranga Naayaki! 57 sadagopan.

endurance. affection. in his favour.a> . Paraphrasing Sri VishNu PurANam.S. wealth -.SLOKAM 17 This slOkam continues to salute the auspicious power of the glances of Sri RanganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi): ritmRitsrSvtIx&itsm&iÏisiÏiïy> suxasio! ytaemuo< iccil. rathirmathi SarasvathI Dhruthi Samruddhi Siddhi Sriya: SudhAsakhi ! yathOmukham chichalishEth tava bhrUlathA | tathOmukham aTa IndhirE ! bhaumukhImahampoorvikAm sadagopan. prosperity. All these will flood to him.e. stability. nobility. 58 . breaching the banks too. Bhattar focuses on the celebration of Her glories on the basis of Sruthi and Smruthi pramANams and identifies Her to be at the epi-center of all that is auspicious (MangaLam MangalAnAm as Swamy Desikan is going to point out later following Bhattar's foot steps). VEDANTHA DEIKAN: Oh MahA Lakshmi! You appeared on the world-scene once along with nectar! In whose favour.org vighAhya cha vasamvadhA: parivahanthi kUlankashA: || MEANING BY DR. wealth. (i. fortitude. one can ask: “nisrIkANAm kutha:SarasvathI Dhruthi Samruddhi Siddhi Sriya:?” Sri VishNu PurANam passage asks: “NisrIkANAm kutha: Sathvam?” We can extend this line of thought and query: “How can any other deity have MahA LakshmI's auspiciousness. existence.N. success in efforts.). intellectual perception. NarayanAcchAr in his introduction has commented that the first 8 verses of Sri GuNa Rathna kOsam (SGRK) houses the prayer of Sri ParAsara Bhattar to Sri RanganAyaki to be at the center of his inspiration to compose this sthOthram about Her multi-faceted auspiciousness and glories (thvamEva Bahumukhasya VaaNI vilasitham-slOkam 8). in such a torrential flow.eÄv æUlta . ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN Professor K. the Muses of oral delivery of thought. ttaemuomweiNdre! bhumuoImh<pUivRka< ivgaý c vz<vda> pirvhiNt kUl». Your brow-bending and brow-movement are directed. From verses 9 to 18. all auspiciousness.will flow in competing with each other.V.

Whenever Her creeper like eye brows and the glances under them fall on a fortunate one. 59 sadagopan. the Vedam in SrI Sooktham. These boons are obedient to the will of (vasamvadhA:) MahA Lakshmi. accomplishment). Whichever direction. Those swift streams of auspiciousness flow and drench not only the person fortunate enough to be the object of those glances. Sri RanganAyaki is addressed in this slOkam as “Rathi and Sudha-Sakhi and IndirA”. Samruddhi (Prosperity. Utthara NaarAyanam. She was born along with nectar during the churning for Amrutham from the milky ocean. Her limitless Mahimai is thus celebrated. then JnAnam (mathi). in that direction flow all of the above auspiciousness in a torrential fashion (like a flood breaking the river banks) and competing with each other to bless the fortunate one. pouthra. The power of the flood of boons is compared to the power of the swollen waters of a river tearing down the banks of that river (koolankasha:). Sishya. disciple and the disciple's disciple. Veda Vaak (Sarsvathi). “YathOmukham (tava) BhrUlathA chichalishEthEva. Dhruthi (Fortitude. the eye brow and the glances of Sri RanganAyaki falls even for a moment. To sum it up.intellectual power (mEdhA)?” Her limitless glories are celebrated through Her many Vedic Names such as “MEdhA. Siddhi (Success. but they extend to “puthra. KoushIthakI BrAhmaNam et al celebrate Her matchless Sakthi. who seek refuge in Her: “SarvAbhIshta. aham pooravm ithi). They reach out to the progeny. She is addressed as “SudhA Sakhi”.org . Her nature as the Sweetest of the Sweet and life. Those blessings flow in many ways (Bahu mukham or Bahu prakAram). Prasishya paryantham (parivAhayanthi)”. Sriya: (any virtue or excellence. Her great affection for those. The 18th slOkam is the elaboration of the key passage in Sri Sooktham: “YasasA JvalanthIm” (One who shines with the fame as the fulfiller of all wishes of those. Hence.Madhurathamathvam and JagajjIvana hEthuthvam are indicated by these choice names according to the commentators. UdhArA.rejuvenating nectarine glory is referred to here. As Sri VeerarAghavAchAryA points out. Her MaadhuryAth. They are submissive to Her will. They fall over each other to arrive first (ahamahamikA. Courage). dEva-JushtA”. mEdhA Sooktham. The 18th slOkam of SGRK of today is focusing on Her being the Sakthi behind all auspiciousness. SvAhA. the three human purushArthams: Dharma. Artha and KamA). Opulence). The PurANams follow the lead of the Vedams: “SakthInAm chaiva SarvasAm yOnibhUthA ParA KalA”. wealth and every noble achievement. Such are their lasting power. the next generation. IndirA and KalyANi.prApaNa KeerthyA jvalanthim”). all the abundant auspiciousness and wealth (Sarva sampadhAm) arise from the play of the glances of MahA Lakshmi (LakshmI BhrUlathA vilAsa prasAraabhimukha jangAlathaa). AmbhrANi. who seek Her is hinted by Her Name “Rathi” (preethi). SraddhA Sooktham. tathOmukham BahumukhI aham poorvikAm parivahanthi” is the statement of Sri ParAsara Bhattar in wonderment.

#d< sdsdaTmna iniolmev inçaeÚt< kqa]tÊpe]yaeStv ih liúm ! tÄa{fvm!. the storehouse of wisdom are mighty heroes compared to their opposites like a dumb tree or animal or an ignorant dunce or a timid weakling. who is at the top of authority and power. He identifies Her with all things that are auspicious and excellent (Unnatham) and points out that their auspiciousness and excellence are derived from Her. which the latter missed. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: One finds a variety of contrasts (differentiators) in this world. Sri KurEsar's ninth slOkam of Sri Sthavam: lOkE vanaspathi Bruhaspathy taaratamyam YasyA: prasAdha pariNAmam udhAharanthi Saa BhArathI BhagavathI thu yadhIya daasi thAmm DevadevamahishIm Sriyam AasrayAma: (MEANING): In this world. There is an acme (summit) and there is a nadir (bottom). the differentiation from polar opposites like a tree and the great Deva Guru 60 .V.SLOKAM 18 sh iSwrpirÇsìjivirÂnaikÂnE> Anaekhb&hSpitàbliv¬bài³ym! .N. saha sTira parithrasa vraja VirinchAnAkinchanai: anOkaha Bruhaspathi prabala viklaba prakriyam | idham sadhasadhAthmanA nikhilamEva nimnOnnatham katAksha tadupEkshayOs-tava hi Lakshmi! TatthANDavam || sadagopan. Bruhaspathi.org MEANING BY DR. ParAsara Bhattar has derived inspiration for this slOkam from his father. How many contrasts (opposing dhvandhvams) are there in this world? So many ups and downs in the social order --all these receive a simple explanation--the former secured Your benevolent glances. ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN This is the last of the set of slOkams (8-18) in which ParAsara Bhattar praises MahA Lakshmi's Vaibhavam based on references to Vedam and Smruthis. BrahmA.

the nallathu (auspicious) and the theeaythu (inauspicious). If those glances fall on one. then that fortunate one has an auspicious existence. Even that revered Sarasvathi performs kaimakryam for the devotees (adiyArs. the jangamam and the sthAvaram. The polar opposites are a direct consequence. Sarasvathi. the great dEva Guru and the dumb tree in the forest. Bruhaspathi becomes a super intellect by Her grace. the God of Gods. Soundharyam (Beauty) and LaavaNyam.org . When that does not happen. who stated in one of his SthOthra Rathnam SlOkams: “Jagath Samastham yadhabhAnga Samsrayam” (All this world is under the power and influence of the moving eye brow and glances of MahA Lakshmi). the wealth and the poverty --the origin of all these opposites are recognized to arise from the movement (dance) or otherwise of the eyes of the divine damsel. AdiyEn seeks as refuge that divine consort of Sriman NaarAyaNan. Sri ParAsara Bhattar developed the Taaratamyam aspects between the Brahaspathi and an insentient tree in the 18th slOkam and accounted for that mighty difference. inauspiciousness is the direct result.like Brahaspathi is said to result from the anugraham of the Goddess of Learning. 61 sadagopan. Here. the mighty and the miniscule (lowest). Kuresar was following the revelation of Swamy AlavandhAr. MahA Lakshmi. Sri NallAn Thirumalai RaamakrishNa IyengAr's Tamil translation of this verse is a beautiful one: peyarvana peyarkilAtha piramanE selvamillAn uyar guru maranE maRRum uRupala muRREraRROr uyarvana thAzhvana yaavum nalla theeyanavA unn-kaNN ayarvininaruLin nOkkatthAdu ThANDavam ANangE ! Here. ManOhara Roopam and all other MangaLams are under the control of MahA Lakshmi. Sri KurEsar had stated in another slOkam that Isvaryam (Wealth). TadhiyAs) of MahA Lakshmi.

the ahankArA. He created the five elements. it is just then the Lord. All of this creative initiative He undertakes just for MahA Lakshmi's pleasure and enjoyment. kaalE samsathi yOgyathAm chithachithOr-anyOnyamAlingathO: BhUthaahamkruthi buddhi panchakaraNI svAntha pravrutthIndhriyai: | aNDaan-aavaranai: sahasramakarOth thaann bhUrbhuva: svarvatha: SrIrangRswara dEvi tE vihrudhayE sankalpamAna: Priya: || sadagopan. A{fanavr[ESshömkraeÄaNÉUÉRuvSSvvRt> ïIr¼eñrdeiv ! te ivùtye s<kLpman> iày>. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: That day.org MEANING BY DR. the Mahath.V. the motor organs. The Pancha bhUthams (AakAsam. decided to create. He creates for Your pleasure. ahankAram comes into being. Agni. BhU: Bhuva: and Suva:. Naama Roopa prapancham comes in to being with His sankalpam. Upanishad describes this act of creation as: “sOakAmayatha bahUsyAm prajAyEyEthi”. the many universes containing all these -. He decides to create to amuse and entertain MahA Lakshmi. the sentient and the insentient ones were closely intertwined.HE CREATED ALL THESE FOR YOUR SPORT. the universe full of such things. The Lord has them all in His stomach as a small child floating in the waters of primordial deluge. SaathvikAhankAram assisted by 62 .SLOKAM 19 kale z<sit yaeGyta< icdictaerNyaeNymail¼taeÉRUtah<k«itbuiÏpÂkr[ISvaNtàv&ÄIiNÔyE> . AhankAram is of three kinds: Saathvika. Out of Moola Prakruthi arises MahAn and from MahAn. Vaayu. The chEthanam and achEthanam are in a shrunken state embracing each other as part of the Lord's body during the time of Pralayam. the seven boundaries around the world. Water and Earth) arise. Raajasa and Taamasa AhankArams. Your consort. the sentient and insentient are attached to the Lord in an avyakthA form in tight embrace.N. the three worlds. the five organs of perception. ADIYEN'S ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS Five verses (SlOkams 19-23) extol Sri MahA Lakshmi's glories as “the Commander of this temporal world and the other one beyond space and time and how these are Her grounds of Divine Sport” Our Lord creates everything with His sankalpam at the time after PraLayam. the mind. The Lord's creative action is only to subserve Your pleasure. During PraLayam.

that evolves from Prakrithi. five karmEndhriyams and five Jn~AnEndriyams. (The Lord acceded to Swamy NammAzhwAr's request in a moment). that then follows. Now. which thrive from their site and confuse the mind. the play of all these on me is to be arrested. The Mahath.org . What havoc it causes. All these Our Lord Created for the pleasure of MahA Lakshmi and removed them from Swamy NammAzhwAr at his request.N. Please therefore. the ahamkArA.raajasAhankAram lead to the creation of Manas. I have known. Swamy NammAzhwAr requests the Lord of ThirumAlirumchOlai (Lord SundararAjan) to do him a favor (Dr. the five action-oriented limbs.V.V’s Translation): “Your sportful action has spread a veil of MahA MaayA. which will make for a confusion between the physical body (as soul) and the soul. efface them out of me now”. that makes the soul go after senses. Swamy NammAzhwAr summarizes this creation through PanchIkaranam in one of his ThiruvAimozhi Paasurams and makes a special appeal to Sriman NaarAyanan: pongaimpulanum poRi-aiynthum karumEndhriyam aimbhUtham ingi-ivvyuirEy pirakruthi maanankAra manangaLE --ThiruvAimozhi X. the five elements like earth.7. the five sense organs that are dragged by the former (manas). the next state of evolution. The prakrithi that unites with Jivan and spoils its functions. Such is His Maayai! Nachchiyaar Kolam 63 sadagopan. The five senses like sound. the Manas.10 This is a ThirumAlirumchOlai Paasuram.

They fail to see the Lord's existence and the individual's subservience to the Lord. The sentient ones chasing sense-elements are only like this. which are carried away by the MaayA of the Lord.org MEANING BY DR. All including Brahma are subject to this Maaya-effect.Even Chathur-mukha BrahmA is not above such delusions. Your consort plays a mischievous deception on the world beings.yan! àdZyR ivÉv< ivSmayR daSyaTmk< vE:[Vya gu[mayya==Tminvhan! ivPlaVy pUvR> puman! . He shows the chEthanams Sabdha-sparsa roopa-rasa-gandhA vishayams and thus casts His MaayA over them. AchArya RaamAnujA in His GeethA BhAshyam explains that The MayA of the Lord consisting of the three GuNAs (Satthva-RajO-Tamas) is created by Him as the Supreme Lord 64 . sound etc) before the beings. And the Lord does it for Your delectation.VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Goddess RanganAyaki! The Lord. The deception played thereby would recall to one's mind what forms part of certain social dramas: a male being would put up a feigned woman-like appearance. The deluded chEthanams forget their Seshathvam /Daasyathvam.V. Oh RanganAyaki! The Adhi Purushan Sri RanganAthan has the power to perform some deeds for Your pleasure. pu<sa p{yvxUivfiMbvpu. The so-duped beings are caught in the illusion-net. which makes them forget that He is the Sarva Seshi and they are His DaasAs/Seshaas. which would successfully seduce adulterers.N.SLOKAM 20 zBdadIn! iv.a xUtaRinvayasyn! ïIr¼eñir ! kLpte tv prIhasaTmne ke¦ye. He does it for your pleasure! He projects the sense-objects (like color. SaBdhAdheen VishayAn pradarsaya vibhavam vismArya dAsyAthmakam vaishnavyA guNamaayayAthma nivahAn viplAvya poorva: pumAn | pumsA paNyavadhU viDambi vapushA dhUrthAnivAyAsayan SrIrangEswari! kalpatE tava parihAsAthmanE kElayE || sadagopan. He is head over heels in love with You and performs His leelAs to amuse You. This MaayA of Your Lord is not easily overcome and this He Himself points out in His Bhagavath Geethai slOkam: “dhaivI heyEsha guNamayI Mama MaayA durathyayA”. Your Lord does all these leelAs for Your pleasure. who would madly pounce upon the woman-character. ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN Here what the Lord does to entertain His divine consort in the temporal world is alluded to.

Those who take refuge in Me alone shall pass beyond this MaayA of Mine consisting of the three guNAs.for purposes of sport (KreeDA pravrutthEna). He points out: “MayyEva yE prapadhyanthE MaayAmEthAm taranthi tE”. when Her Lord teaches the chEthanms as how to free themselves from His powerful MaayA.org . Sri Deivanayagan with Sri Varamangai Thayar 65 sadagopan. Sri RanganAyaki is intrigued and amused by the power of Her Lord's MaayA. She is relieved. The chEthanam gets enchanted by the MaayA of their Lord and forget their svaroopam as Dasans for the Lord and fail to enjoy His Swamithvam and His anavadhikAdhisaya aanandha Svaroopam (His nature of boundless Beatitude). how ever. This MaayA of the Lord is “absolutely real” and it obscures the essential nature of the Lord for the ChEthanams (Bhagavath Svaroopa TirOdhanam). This MaayA is divine in power (Dhiavi) and threfore is difficult to overcome (dhurathyayA).

The features in respect of this world of Bliss are: It is not conceivable by our mind. which has acquired great power by the mere reason of your grace.u> . every moment.SLOKAM 21 yÎUre mnsae ydev tms> pare ydTyd!Éut< yTkaladpceilm< surpurI yÌCDtae dug›it> . even Svarga-like worlds would just be equal to hell. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh RanganAyaki! My Mother! Knowledgeable scholars declare that the VaikuntalOka too is designed for your pleasure only.N. Why harp on its (Sri Vaikuntam's) greatness? It is inconceivable even to my intellect.V. It is in that haven that Saayujyam (being identical in all respects) is secured for the liberated souls. MEANING BY DR. sayuJySy ydev sUitrwva ydœÊ¢h< miÌra< tiÖ:[ae> prm< pd< tv k«te matSsmaçais. In comparison to that world. It is not subject to the ravages of Time. SrI Vaikuntam has been reserved for the Lord's enjoyment with You (by the Lord)! This Paramapadham has been created for your bhOgam.org Having dealt with the elaborate activities (Leelais) of Lord RanganAthan in LeelA vibhUthi to please and amuse Sri RanganAyaki in previous two slOkams. It is far away transcending all material worlds. Bhattar turns his attention now to Nithya VibhUthi and what he does there to enhance His Devi's pleasure there. That superb world. It is a marvelous world offering ever-new wonders. 66 . YaddhUrE manasO yadhEva tamasa: pArE yadhadhyadhbhutam yathkAlAth-apachElimam SurapurI yadhgacchathO dhurgathi: | saayujyasya yadhEva soothiraTavA yaddh-dhurgraham madhgirAm tadh VishNO: paramam padham tava kruthE Maatha:samAmnAsishu: || sadagopan.

Kuresar answered: “kreeDa-vidhE: tava paricchadhathAm agacchan”.N. They became tools for Your (Lord's) BhOga kirIDai according to Kuresar.Ve. The inconceivability of Sri VaikunTam by the mind: “yath manasO dhUrE” is Bhattar's words to indicate the VaachamA ghOcharam aspects of Sri VaikunTam. sOadhvana: Paaram aapnOthi Tadh VishNO: Paramam Padham). is free of rajas and tamas. Later. The two VibhUthis created as His leelais according to the son of Kuresar. ParAsara Bhattar are for serving as pleasure lands (BhOga SthAnam) for His divine consort. That is the subtle agenda of the Lord! These VibhUthis are to serve as IcchA VihAram for her (for her sport according to her wish). He extols the glories of that SrI Vaikuntam created for the BhOgam of MahA Lakshmi by Her doting Lord. KurEsar described this changeless world of Sri Vaikuntam (beyond the power of Kaalam to change its features) as “ApariNa padhAspatham”. This wonderful Sri Vaikuntam is beyond the Tamas-filled prakruthi manDalam according to Bhattar (Tamasa: paarE yadh-adhbhutham). VishNu PurANam and Hari Vamsam passages as pointed out by U. The descriptions of the Parama Padham by AlavandhAr. Bhattar uses the revelations of these Vedic passages to point out that Sri Vaikuntam of unparalleled glory.ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS BY ADIYEN: Sri Bhattar describes Sri Vaikuntam as the birthplace of Saayujya Moksham for the Muktha Jeevan following the Sruthi passage: “Niranjana: paramam Saamyamupaithi”.org . created for the BhOgam of MahA Lakshmi. asankOchanam). Tamas here refers to Moola Prakruthi. Swamy Desikan elaborated further the timeless aspect of Sri Vaikuntam. This is an echo of AchArya RaamAnujA's description of Sri VaikunTam in Sri VaikunTa Gadhyam: “BrahmAdhInAmapi Vaang-manasA-ghOcharE SRIMATHI VAIKUNTE”. --tath susadhrusAni paras-sathAni”). NyAya SiddhAnjanam: “Kaala 67 sadagopan. Its magnitude is inconceivable by the human mind because it is hundreds of times even vaster than the gigantic Fourteen lOkams belonging to the Lord's LeelA VibhUthi (KurEsar’s 39th verse of Sri Vaikunta Sthavam: “Chathurdasa Jagath Yath aNDam. The Question arises as to why and for what purpose the Lord created the LeelA and Nithya VibhUthi: “kasmai phalAya srujathIsa idham SAMASTHAM?”. where the Lord's sankalpam alone changes things ( and not Kaalam ) this way in his Sri Sookthi. VedAntha Desikan has pointed out this slOkam is an echo of number of slOkams (39-45) of KurEsar's Sri VaikuNta Sthavam and selected passages from Bhagavath RaamAnujA's SrI VaikunTa Gadhyam. MahA Lakshmi. This Nithya vibhUthi is not conceivable by our mind or that of even Chathur Mukha BrahmA (manasA dhUrE smarthum asakyam. This land of Sri Vaikuntam on the other side of VirajA river has been saluted by Vedic passages (Rajasa : parAkE. Tamasa: parasthAth. RaamAnujA and KurEsar are inspired by Sruthi Vaakhyams. VidvAn ChEtlUr SrivathsAngAcchAr Swamy in his scholarly commentary on Sri Vaikunta Sthavam. We will refer to some of these passages as well. eternal aspect of Sri VaikunTam as “yath kaalaAdh-apachElimam --Tath VishNO: Paramam Padham”. Sri Vaikuntam is also eternal and is not affected by Time (Kaalam). adiyEn will elaborate on these source slOkams now. Sri V. Bhattar describes the timeless.

TAVA KRUTHE Maatha: SamaamnAsishu:). KurEsar's son. Sri Vaikuntam.Krutha karmAdhIna pariNaama mAthram hi tEshu nishEdhyam. This is the ParamAkAsam (TeLi Visumpu of Swamy NammazhwAr). as the sthAnam populated by those free of Kaamam. adhisundaram (most beautiful). by the same BhAgyasAlis. Parama Satthvamayam (Suddha Satthva-mayam). VaishNavam (VishNu Svaroopam). goes one beyond and identifies this wondrous Nithya VibhUthi as the birthplace of Saayujyam (Saayujyasya yadhEva Soothi). MahA Lakshmi (SurapurI yadh-gacchathO dhurgathi:). adiyEn concludes on this slokam 21 of Sri Guna Rathna kOsam with the 45th slOkam of Kuresar's Sri Vaikunta Sthavam. BhOgam to Mukthaas and Nithyaas (except Jagath VyApAram). Bhattar concedes that even his Vaak chaathuryam (brilliance of speech and composition of poetry) resulting exclusively from the MangaLa KatAksham of Sri Ranga Naayaki would not succeed in comprehending the great glory of the world of Sri Vaikuntam (Nithya. and Tamasa: parasthAth (beyond Moola prakruthi) according to KurEsar (SlOkam 41 of Sri Vaikunta Sthavam). Next Bhattar points out that Indra Lokam et al known for their wealth and pleasures are equal to narakam. by those (the same) who do not experience birth. The second half of this slOkam is: Saayujyasya yadhEva SoothiraTavA yadh-dhurgraham madhgirAm Tadh-VishNO: Paramam Padham TAVA KRUTHE Maatha:samAmnAsishu" KurEsar salutes this Sri Vaikuntam as “Ujjvalam Saayujyam” (the highest of Mokshams. Next. “VishNO: Paramam Padham”: sadagopan. TejOmayam. by those (the same). death and changes caused by Time (Vihatha janma JarA VikArai:). Tadh-VishNO: Paramam Padham. who have the vaibhavam as practitioners of either Bhakthi or SaraNAgathi anushtAnams (BhUyishta Bhakthi Vibhavai:). Bhattar. Isvaryam.org nishkalmashai: nihatha janma jarA-vikArai: bhUyishta Bhakthi vibhavai: abhavai:avApyam anyai: adhanya purushai: manasApyanApyam Vaikunta-naama Tava Dhama tadh-Amananthi (MEANING): The learned ones describe Your Supreme abode. which extols the unparalleled glories of that land of SaayujyaMoksham. Saayujyam). Dhruvam (unchanging. kalangA perunahar of AzhwAr). na thu BhagavathSankalpamAthramapi”. when they get compared to the matchless Isvaryam and BhOgam of Sri Vaikuntam created by the Lord for His Consort. KrOdham (nishklamashai:). adhbhutham (wondrous). where the Lord confers Saamyam in GuNams. who never return to 68 .VibhUthi) created by Her Lord for Her exclusive enjoyment (Yadh-dhurgraham madh-girAm.

the karma BhUmi (abhavai:).org . “Sri Ranganaayaki kELvan” 69 sadagopan. Those who do not have such qualifications of BhUyishta Bhakthi anushtAnam cannot even conceive this Sri Vaikunta SaamrAjyam with their minds and will never reach it (anyai: adhanya purushai: manasaa api anApyam tadh-Vaikunta dhAma naamam sthAnam). For the dhanya purushAs. it is anApyam. it is avApyam and for the adhanya purushAs.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY ADIYEN The passages from Lakshmi Tantram that elaborate on the auspicious qualities of Sri Devi has been invoked by Professor K. The Supreme Lord serves the set-up as the SEshi. the recipient for all services.SLOKAM 22 In this the 22nd slOkam. however. SarIram cha HarErasmi---" 70 . by reason of your extreme grace. The Superior possession. the cherished heaven of NithyasUris. the Sarva Seshi (the Lord). V. The 22nd slOkam is one of the five slOkams of his SGRK (19-23) paying homage to Sri Ranganayaki as the unique Empress possessing all facets of Isvaryam.S. from the SEshabhUthAs. Sri ParAsara Bhattar continues to pay tribute to Sri RanganAyaki as the Empress of the temporal world (LeelA vibhUthi) and the Eternal world beyond Space and Time (Nithya VibhUthi). SruNAmi cha guNairvisvam.N. the anithara Seshi (Sri Ranganaayaki) and the rest of the world (the sEsha BhUthams of prapancham outside the Dhivya Mithunam / Divine Couple) is elaborated here: helayamiol< cracrimd< Éaege ivÉUit> pra xNyaSte pircarkm›i[ sda pZyiNt ye sUry> . ever intent on serving you. hElAyAamakhilam charAcharmidam BhOgE VibhUti: ParA dhanyAstE parichAra karmaNi sada Pasyanti yE Sooraya: | SrI RangEswara Devi ! Kevala nirvAahya VargE vayam SeshithvE PumAn ParikarAhyEtE tava spAraNE || MEANING BY DR. who all else are. We. ïIr¼eñrdeiv ! kevlk«painvaRývgeR vy< sadagopan. VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh Consort of SrI RanganAthA! This LeelA vibhUthi made up of varieties of movables and immovables is there for your sport. remain as your subjects here to be ruled by you.org zei. the Nithya VibhUthi. The grand unifying connection between the two VibhUthis. Narayanachar to comprehend the deep meanings embedded in this slOkam: "SruNOmi karuNAm vAcham. SruNAmi dhuritham sathAm. SaraNam chAsmi Saasvatham.Tve prm> puman! pirkra ýete tv Spar[e . is there for your enjoyment. for which no cause can be adduced.

Bhattar points out that the LeelA VibhUthi and the Nithya VibhUthi are for her pleasure. These are elaborated further in the DhvayAdhikAram of Swamy Desikan's magnum opus. VAAKYARTHAMS BY INDIVIDUAL PAADHAMS In the first paadham of this 22nd slOkam. Regarding Nithya VibhUthi.org She is the most auspicious-natured in her personality .and saluted Her SvarUpa-RUpa-GuNaVibhUthis on a panguni Uttharam SErthi day at Srirangam.The auspicious (KalyANa) attributes (GuNams) arising from the etymology of the “SrI” Sabdham (word) are: She listens to the woeful prayers of Her devotees She removes their sins out of Her matchless compassion She extends the glories of the world and nurtures and nourishes them by Her kalyana GuNams (Sru-VisthAram) She is the eternal refuge of the World She is the Body of Her Lord Hari She is the object of devotional prayer by the dEvAs She intercedes on behalf of Her devotees and appeals to her Lord to protect them She causes the removal of the imperfections of Her devotees and grants them their wishes She enlarges the powers. The Muktha Jeevans and the Nithya Sooris perform kaimkaryam for her and thus attain an 71 sadagopan. This entire universe and its sentients and insentients are for Your play. THE SECOND PAADHAM In the second paadham. Regarding LeelA vibhUthi. who initiate us into ManthrArTams and SaasthrArthams and Tattva-Hitha PurushArthams. She is next to the Lord in the ancient lineage of AchAryAs (AchArya Paramparai ). He states: “hElAyAm akhilam charAcharam idham”. delight and enjoyment. Bhattar states that the residents of parama padham of Her Lord. Bhattar points out that it is also for Her enjoyment (bhOgE VibhUthi: ParA). Srimath Rahasyathraya Saaram. AchArya RaamAnujA's saraNAgathi Gadhyam also elaborates Her excellence with salutations like Bhagavan NaarAyaNaabhimathaanurUpa -svarUpa-RUpa-. the glories and brilliance of Her Lord She is the most blissful in Her personality She is behind the process of word emanation in humans She has Hari NaarAyaNan as Her own refuge She is the refuge of all the World These are “the special excellent doctrines” associated with Sri Devi in our SrI SampradhAyam.

In this context. Oh Consort of Sri RanganAthan! Regarding us. After all.exalted state (DhanyAstE parichAra karmaNi SadhA). Sri RanganAyaki! This nirhEthuka. who accepts His DEvi's anithara SEshathvam as Her parikaram is extraordinary. who cannot fully comprehend Her limitless dayA. This is the karunai of a supremely. Bhattar says in the third paadham: “SrirangEswara DEvi! KEvala-KrupA nirvAhyavargE vayam”. sadagopan. we remain your subjects to be ruled by you due to your avyAja karuNai. These SoorIs through their bhAgyam of performing eternal kaimkaryam have the uninterrupted darsana soubhAgyam of Sri Devi (SadhA pasyanthi Sooraya:) and Her Lord. THE THIRD PAADHAM After having dealt with the LeelA VibhUthi and the Nithya VibhUthi.caring Mother! This avyAja karuNai is an “iyalpu” of our Mother Supreme. As Seshi. while both serve as SEshi Mithunam for all else (SeshabhUthAs like us. Here Bhattar eulogizes Sri RanganAyaki's adhiadhbutha karunai as nirhEthukam.org THE FOURTH PAADHAM In the final paadham.They all become her parikarams or “uRuppukaL” (limbs or aspects of the Whole). Lord accepts His consorts' anithara SEshathvam and sets Himself up as the Seshi for Her and becomes the recipient of all Her kaimkaryams to Him. MukthAs and NithyAs). Bhattar says that we. Bhattar refers to the ruler-ship role played by Sri RanganAyaki regarding the Bhaddha Jeevans of the world. the Bhaddha Jevans of this world belong to that category (vargam) of limited intellect. The genius of the Vaak VilAsam of Sri ParAsara Bhattar that describes even the Lord. avyAja karuNai reference here has to be understood as the one attribute that defies our understanding and comprehension and not otherwise. Bhattar was raised by the Dhivya Dampathis of Srirangam! 72 . Bhattar sums up Sri RanganAyaki's abundant Isvaryam and Glories this way: “SEshithvE Parama: PumAn parikarA heyEtE tava sphAraNE”. Her expanded and abundant glories do not leave any one out including Her Lord .

V.thus their nature is an influenced version. Sri ParAsara Bhattar salutes Sri RanganAyaki as “SrI RangEswara gEha Lakshmi” and describes some unique aspects of Sri Vaikuntam that is ruled by Her and Her divine consort.org . Sri RanganAthan. all the objects there are sweet and delicious. This state (Sri Vaikuntam) is ever unassailable (AyOdhyA) and invincible (AparAjithA). They are known for giving fierce commands (BhIma Aaj~nA) to those VirOdhis of the Lord . “Aaj~nA anugraha bhIma Komala purIpAlA phalam bhEjushAm” is the first paadham. it remains far and above the outer skies. The dwAra PaalakAs of Sri Vaikuntam gates are described here. affording admirable pleasure-experiences. ÉavErd!ÉutÉaegÉUmghnESsaNÔa suxaSyiNdiÉ> ïIr¼eñrgehliúm ! yuvyaeSta< rajxanI— ivÊ> . Sri RanganAyaki is saluted by Bhattar as the Joint ruler of this auspicious RaajadhAni of Sri Vaikuntam with Her Lord.a< yayaeXyeTypraijteit ividta nak< pre[ iSwta .N. aaj~nAnugraha bhIma kOmalapurIpAlA phalam bhEjushAm yaa AyOdhyEthi-AparAjitEti vidhitA naakam parENa sthitA | bhAvair-adhbhutha-bhOga. That state (Sri Vaikuntam) is known to be the kingdom of both of You together! ADDITIONAL OBESERVATIONS AND COMMENTS BY ADIYEN The aprAkruthic nature of Sri Vaikuntam and the unique features of this extraordinary City-State that is invincible and unassailable is described here by Sri Bhattar in consonance with the Veda manthrams. while they prove to be highly tender officials with respect to law-abiding citizens-. AchArya RaamAnujA's Sri Vaikunta Gadhyam and KurEsar's Sri Vaikunta Sthavam passages. who are dear to their Lord. depending on the type of people encountered.bhUmagahanai: sAndhrA sudhAsyandhibhi: SrIrangEswara-gEha-Lakshmi ! yuvayOstAm rAjadhAnIm vidhu: || MEANING BY DR.SLOKAM 23 In the 23rd slOkam.They are also known for being tender in the treatment of the ones 73 sadagopan. Aa}anu¢hÉImkaemlpuirpala )l< Éeju. They will cause terror in the minds of the enemies of the Lord and yet will bend over backward to serve with a smile those. arising from closeness and dense accumulation. VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh Empress of the City-State of Sri Vaikuntam! The border-guards there are ferocious executors of Your Lord's mandates.

The 77th slOkam of Sri VaikunTa sthavam gives a clue to who these dear ones to the Lord are. This is an elaboration of AchArya RaamAnujA's Sri Vaikunta gadhyam passage: “sarvathA anubhUyamaAnairapi apoorvavath aascharyam aavahathbhi:” The objects at Sri 74 . vivEsAparAjithA: parENa Naakam nihitham guhAyAm”. who Kuresar says are his own gods and he expresses his longing to join this ghOshti.who revel in kaimkaryam to their Lord. These are the parijanams of the Lord. The Sruthi Vaakhyams used as PramANam by Bhattar ar: “DEvAnAm pUrayOdhyA. Those. It is the coveted fruit of Mumukshus.are always engaged in serving the Lord. sadagopan. The Nikandu defines the Lord as AparAjithan with the power to rule over others totally and that His actions cannot be obstructed by anyone at any time or by any means . Residence there as parama Padha Vaasis is the cherished goal of all mukthAs and nithya Sooris. This Sri Vaikuntam is known as AyOdhyA as well as AparAjithA (Unassailable and invincible).The citystate serving as the abode of such an AparAjithan becomes AparAjithA. Vedam points out that this aprAkrutha lOkam (the world beyond prakruthi maNDalam) cannot be won in battles (AyOdhyA) and can never ever be conquered in battles (AparAjithA).org THE SECOND PAADHAM “yaa AyOdhyEthyaparAjithitEthi vidhithA naakam parEna sthitA” is the second paadham. are brusquely ordered to leave by the very same DhvAra PaalakAs. Their minds are always immersed in enjoying the Lord's svarUpa-rUpa-GuNams.treated with great reverence by the DhvAra PaalakAs of Sri Vaikuntam-. It is their parama prApyam (supreme abode that is desired). Kuresar wishes to join this ghOshti of nithyAs and mukthAs dear to the Lord this way: Kaimkarya nithya nirathai: bhavadhEka bhOgai: nithyairanukshaNa naveena rasArdhra Bhaavai: nithyAbhivAnchitha paraspara neecha bhAvai: math dhaivathai: parijanais-thava sangaseeya These nithyAs and MukthAs-. They wish to be the adiyArs of each other. In this slOkam. That Sri Vaikuntam protected zealously by the DhvAra PaalakAs is “bhEjushAm Phalam”. who try to barge into Sri Vaikuntam without vinayam or anushtAna bhalam. while vying for kaimkaryam to their Lord. Such nithyAs and MukthAs are welcomed and treated with reverence by the PurIpAlAs (DhvAra PaalakAs). They are commanded to exit from the premises by the gatekeepers like Jayan and Vijayan in a fierce manner. THE THIRD PAADHAM “BhAvai: adhbhutha bhOga bhUma-gahanai: sAndhrA sudhaasyandhibhi:” is the third paadham. Their minds are drenched with the flood of affection for the Lord. Bhattar points out that dhivya Lokam of Sri Vaikuntam is beyond Prakruthi Mandalam (ParENa naakam sthithA).

Sri Vaikunta Gadhyam goes into rapturous lengths to describe these aanandhAnubhavams. This Vaikunta Dhivya Nahar is your capital. This is what the Vedic scholars describe. The Gruha Lakshmi of Lord RangarAjA is saluted here by Bhattar as “SrirangEswara gEha Lakshmi”. Bhattar describes the Isvaryams enjoyed by Sri RanganAyaki at Sri Vaikuntam with Her Lord. They yield unparalled delight during enjoyment.org . Even if one enjoys them often. They are most delectable. From here on. THE FOURTH PAADHAM “SrirangEswara gEha Lakshmi! yuvayOstAm rAjadhAnIm vidhu:” is the fourth paadham. The 46th slOkam of Sri Vaikutna Sthavam salutes the joint ruler-ship of Sri Vaikuntam by this dhivya mithunam: niravathi: vithya vibhUthi tava niyathA: samathItha seemA lakshmI: tava niyathA priyA (Tath nithya vibhUthi: SamAthItha Seema LakshmI: niyatha:) This RaajadhAni of Sri Vaikuntam of limitless glories is sEsha BhUtham for You as well as to MahA Lakshmi of immeasurable kalyNa guNams (MaanAthitha praTitha VibhavAM tasmai niyatha:). 75 sadagopan.Vaikuntam are sources of nectarine experiences. They are densely linked aanandhAnubhavams. Both Of You as Dhivya Dampathis preside over it. they are insatiable (aparyApthAmrutham).

Brahman.parikarai: pumbhir-Ananadhanignai: | snEhAdh-asTAnarakshA vyasababhir-abhayam Saarnga-chakrAsimukhyai: AanandhaikArnavam SrI: Bhagavti ! yuvayOr-AhurAsTAna-rathnam || MEANING BY DR. 76 . They are always informed by an anxiety and over-concern for their Master's safety. The first of this pentad of SlOkams celebrate the ThirumAmaNi Mantapam. Bhattar develops the reasons why Sruthis as SvapramAnams do not find it necessary to refer to Her separately each time they salute Her Lord as “Sath. the lovely umbrellas. but as a loving act that would prove to be a rapturous experience. They would not let any alien or dangerous element in. SnehadSwanr]aVysiniÉrÉy< za¼Rc³aismuOyE- sadagopan. JyOthi” et al. where the Dhivya Dampathis as inseparable Ones receive the kaimkaryams from the NithyAs and the MukthAs: tSya< c TvTk«paviÚrvixjntaivïmahaRvkaz< s»I[¡ daSyt&:[akiltpirkrE> pu<iÉranNdin¸nE> . It is commensurate in size. VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh RanganAyaki! The Assembly-Hall (ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam) is the best among all halls.org ranNdEka[Rv< ïIÉRgvit ! yuvyaerahuraSwanrÆm! .N. It is the possession (Isvaryam) of both of You. though misplaced and unwarranted it might be. When they are all there. V. tasyAm cha tvath krupAvan. It is also commensurate with the volume of persons.SLOKAM 24 From SlOkams 19-23. The Hall is full of such rejoicing persons engaged in loving service to You Both. to Your grace and its volume. the ChAmarAs. This is the picture of magnificent Hall you preside over in the Lord's company. who hold in their hands the appurtenances of loving service such as ChAmarA -in their yearning for rendering all kinds of service to You Both. They are the best guards.niravadhijanathA visrAmArhAvakAsam samkIrNam dhAsya-thrushNA kalitha. what is there to fear? All are in eternal bliss. and other service-aids. SaarngA and the like. These NithyAs and MukthAs have got to fear nothing in view of the ever ready Nithyasoori weapons like ChakrA. These loving servants hold in their hands. From slOkams 24-28. not in the sense of an ordained duty. Bhattar paid tribute to Sri RanganAyaki as the Empress o the temporal world(Leela VibhUthi) and the One beyond Space and Time (Nithya VibhUthi/Sri Vaikuntam) and connected these two VibhUthis as Her BhOga SthAnam. They stand there ready for rendering service. Their status as a Dhivya Mithunam (Divine couple) with “yEka SEshithva YOgam is saluted by these slOkams. coming and resting in mental peace. SankhA.

That ThirumAmaNi MaNtapam is a delectable ocean of nectar (AanandhaikArNavam).Poornai just like Her Lord. the presence of the PanchAyudhams of the Lord banishes any fear about safety to the Divine Couple. Bhattar gives us an idea of the dimensions of that ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam: “tasyAm Puri Thvath KrupAvath tvath dhayEva niravadhi. the size and dimensions of this ManTapam has no boundaries (avadhi-Sonyam). matchless gem of an AasthAnam (AasthAna-Rathnam). these parijanams of the Lord and the MukthAs have “Daasya ThrushNA” (unquenchable thirst for Kaimkaryam). The state of Abhayam is assured and every one is devoid of fear (Bhaya rahitham). although such fears are misplaced and unwarranted (asthAna RakshA vyasanibhi:). Bhattar addresses Sri Devi (Sri RanganAyaki). This VyAkulam (klEsam or Bhayam) is like that of PeriyAzhwAr.nignai:) at the thought of their kaimkarya sampath. Guided by the Veda Vaakyam (ChAndhOgya Upanishadic passage). The Third Paadham is: “snEhAdh asthAna. Bhattar describes that ocean of bliss (ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam) as “aanandhikArNavam SrI Bhagavthi YuvayO: aahu: AaasthAna Rathnam” in the fourth paadham of this slOkam. The crowded assembly of NithyAs and MukthAs seen in that ThirumAmaNi maNTapam are longing to perform kaimkaryam to the Dhivya Mithunam with joy and are holding in their hands the Umbrella. ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam is the Sabhai or DarbAr of the Dhivya Dampathis. They have the worries about any harm falling on the Divine Couple.rakshA-vyasanibhir-abhayam SaarngachakrAsi-mukhyai:”. The seam or friendship or affection referred to here is the Premix for the Dhivya MangaLa vigrahams of the Divine Couple by the great assembly of NithyAs and MukthAs. Like Swamy NammAzhwAr had KrishNa ThrushNai. In Sri Vaikuntam's Divine. He points out further that this Aanandamaya arnavam (blissful ocean of nectar). asankhyAyA: janathaayA: janan samUhasya visramArha: visrAnthi YOgya: avakAsa: antharam yasmin tataTOktham” is the commentary of Sri Vatsya VeerarAghavaachArya. 77 sadagopan. The size of that AasthAna Rathnam is as huge as the limitless krupA of Sri RanganAyaki. These PumAns or great souls are drenched in bliss (aanandha. It provides the resting abode for innumerable NithyAs and MukthAs as stated by the Sruthis. as “Bhagavathi” to remind us that She is shADguNya. fan and other objects for kaimkaryam.ADDITIONAL OBESRVATIONS BY ADIYEN The AasthAnam of the Dhivya Dampathis is recognized as the magnificent. which is the AaasthAna rathnam belongs to both of them as revealed by the Sruthis (Bhagavathi! YuvayO: Aahu: AasthAna Rathnam). In the first Paadham.org . who sang PallANDu to the Divine Couple.janathAvisrAmArhAvakAsam nirvadhE: avadhi-soonyayA. (vEtkai for KrishNA).The first Paadham housing the above rich thoughts is: “TasyAm cha Tvath krupAvanniravadhi janathA visrAmArha avakAsam”. In this Fourth Paadham. when he feared some harm coming Their way in this mortal world. The second Paadham is: “SankIrnam dhAsya-thrushNA kalitha parikarai:pumbhi: aananda-nignai:”. Just like Her limitless KrupA. “PrajApathE: SabhAm vEsma prapadhyanthE”. bejewelled hall.

The great anubhavam of the Muktha Jeevan in the ThirumAmaNi MaNTapam is described in exquisite detail in the 8th and the 9th chapters of Parama Padha SOpAnam of Swamy Desikan can be enjoyed here.org “Serthi– Tharana” 78 . sadagopan.

The beauty of AdhisEshan with PhaNA sahasram (thousand hoods) resembling PurNEndhu MaNdalas (shining like thousand full Moons) is saluted. Here.16).SLOKAM 25 In this SlOkam. In the PrApthi Parvam of Parama Padha SOpAnam (8th chapter: 8. seat and VidhAnam for the divine coulpe “IruLiriya Sudar. who is the exemplar of “asEsha-SEsha Vrutthi”. Bhattar focuses on the couch. Bhattar seems also has been inspired by ALavandhAr's first slOkam of ChathusslOki that starts hailing the greatness of Sri Devi: KaanthastE PurushOtthama: PaNipathiSSayyaasanam --. Vigraham and AvathArams)”. AdhisEsahn. Swamy describes the fragrance of AdhisEshan. It appears that Bhattar has been inspired by the first two pasurams of KulasEkhara. he salutes Sri Devi seated on AdhisEsahn with Her Lord as “SarvaprAkAra SamslEshi (as the Divine consort united with Her Lord in all aspects such as SvarUpam. That VidhAnam and the red flames of fire emanating from the breath of AdhisEshan drive away all the enemies of the Lord. who adds fragrance even to the “Sarva Gandhan”. Adhiseshan on which the Dhivya Dampathis are seated at the ThirumAmaNi ManTapam. who has nithya vaasam on the lotus of never-fading fragrance).maNikaL imaikkum neRRi” and “PaNamAyirangaL aarntha Aravarasa PerumchOthi Ananthan”. Swamy Desikan also describes brilliantly the Seat of the divine couple at the ThirumAmaNi ManTapam in the final chapter (PrApthi Parvam) of his Parama Padha SOpAna Rahasyam. In the first two paasurams of PerumAL Thirumozhi.and concludes with wonder about his inability to fully comprehend and describe the glories of Sri Devi (SrIrithyEva cha Naama tE Bhagavathi BhrUma: katham thvAm vayam?). tEStE> kaNten zaNtaeidtgu[ivÉvErhRtaTva ms'!OyE> ANyaeNyaÖEtinóa"nrsghnan! deiv ! bØais Éaegan! . KulasEkharar visualizes AdhisEshan providing bed. tÇ öKSpzRgNx< SpurÊpir)[arÆraeicivRtan< ivStIyaRnNtÉaeg< tÊpir nyta ivñmekatpÇm! . Swamy Desikan goes on to describe the progress of the Muktha Jeevan to reach the Lord's proximity (athyantha SaamIpyam) after receiving permission from the protective AdhisEshan. Swamy Desikan also salutes the Aasanam of the Lord (SenRAl KudayAm irunthAl SingAsanamAm). This is covered in the first two paadhams of this slOkam. his Lord seated with “vEri mARAtha Poo mEl iruppAL” (Sri Devi.org . tathra srak-sparsa-gandham sphurathupari.phaNA rathna-rOchir-vithAnam VisthIryAnandha-bhOgam tadhupari nayathA visvamEkAtapathram | 79 sadagopan.

VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh Goddess RanganAyaki! Both of you are seated. They rule in unison the two VibhUthis (LeelA & Nithya VibhUthis). Bhattar turns around and points out that the Lord is a fitting match for MahA Lakshmi's anantha kalyANa GuNams. Enjoyment by you both knows no TWONESS.N. With mutual intimacy and deep love for one another. The Lord comes next to Sriranga Naayaki/MahA Lakshmi. adhbutha Soundaryam and limitless DayA. He MERITS YOU by these qualities. enjoys there at. “Visvam VibhUthi-dhvayam YekAdhipathyam” and “anyOnyam parasparam adhvaitha nishtayA YEkibhAvEna paraspara ghADAnurAgENa nirvahathi” is the commentary of Sri Vathsya VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy. in the SaanthOdhitha dasai. You are His special Mate. the unquestioned ruler. Swamy ALavandhAr's slOkam pays tribute to the SaanthAnatha MahA VibhUthi of the Lord and the yEkatattvam of the Nithya samslishtaa Dhivya Dhampathis: 80 . as it were. in a majestic way on the AdhisEshA couch. sadagopan. the AzhwAr is focusing on MahA Lakshmi and how appropriate She is as a match for Her Lord. The Lord.thaisthai: kAnthEna SAnthOdhitha-guNa vibhavai: arhathA thvAmasankhyai: anyOynyAdhvaitha nishtA ganarasa gahanAn DEvi! bhadnAsi bhOgAn || MEANING BY DR. For Bhattar. One can only vaguely contemplate on them and cannot count or list or describe them individually . This state of both of being so absorbed in a state of blessed bliss in terms of floods of delicious experiences that You generate for the Lord in that state of Your suzerainty over all the Worlds is possible ONLY BECAUSE OF YOU. the Dhivya Dhamapthis are ruling the whole world under one umbrella. V. It is appropriate that AzhwAr described your Lord as the fitting match for You (UnakkERkkum KOla MalarppAvai). YEka chathrAdhipathyam is implied. The canopy provided by AdhisEshan has also the provision of a thousand luminous lamps in the manner of gems on his hoods. while He is seated on the Aasanam of AdhisEsahn as the Joint Emperor of the World. as it is termed.One thing (for sure) is certain. Here. The fourth slOkam of Swamy ALavandhAr's ChathusslOki is very appropriate here to remember the ShAnthAnandha MahA VibhUthi of MahA Lakshmi. His sweet qualities transcend all counting operations.org ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS BY ADIYEN Sitting under the canopy of AdhisEsahn. Bhattar refers here to the Lord enjoying His innate GuNa Vaibhavams in the ShAnOdithA state. they rule over the worlds in an undivided manner. the innate Bhagavath GuNAs. It has the pleasure of touch and the pleasure of flavour like a flower garland. You enjoy a one-ness with your dear consort. It is a being of singular unity that is to be reckoned at this instant.

nithya samslishta state. The first two paadhams of the 25th Slokam covered the United ruler-ship of the Dhivya Dhampathis under one Umbrella. who is untouched by any blemish (akhilahEya PrathyanIkathvam) and who is beyond any division by dEsam.org . the next two paadhams celebrate the ShAnthathva-Akhila hEya PrathyanIkathvam and the Ananthathvam aspects of the Lord and the “anyOnya adhvaitha nishtA ghana rasa BhOgam” of Sri RanganAyaki enjoying the Leela Rasam in a state of inseparable union with her Lord. In all these states. This is the GADOpaGUDAni state. MahA Lakshmi takes on the anuroopam (fitting match) for any roopam taken by this Dhivya Mangala Vigraha Moorthy in Vibhavam and other states. she does not leave Him even for a fraction of a second (ahalahillEn yenRu AlarmEl Mangai Urai Maarbahn) and stays united with Him in inseparable. 81 sadagopan. She stays like the fragrance in the flower and like the radiance in the gems (BhAsakarENa PrabhA yathA). Kaalam and Vasthu (desa-Kaala-Vasthu paricchEdham) is Brahma-Padha Vaachyan.ShAnthAnantha MahA vibhUthi Paramam yath Brahma rUpam HarE: MUrtham Brahma TathOpi Tath Priyataram rUpam Yathadhyadhbhutham | yAnyanyAni YathAsukham viharathO rUpANi SarvANi thAni Aahu: svairanurUpa rUpa vibhavai: GhADOpagUDAni te || --ChathusslOki: SlOkam 4 (MEANING): The most sacred Ubhaya VibhUthI Naathan. She enjoys every measure of the leela rasams with Her Lord through anuroopa-Roopa Vaibhavam.

all the other consorts including BhUmi and NeeLai would serve you and your sport. as subordinate insentients (achiths). they serve to increase the quantum of bliss between you and the Lord. The participants remain intact without suffering harm. VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh MahA Lakshmi! When the Lord and you are engaged in love sport. Thus all are assured of satisfaction. the reason for not having jealousy among the consorts of the Lord is explained this way: OH MahA Lakshmi! When the Lord enjoys those other consorts. deiv! Tvamnu nIlya sh mhIdeVySshö< twa yaiÉSTv< Stnbahu†iòiÉirv SvaiÉ> iày< ða"se . This paves the way for a contented enjoyment of bliss. not entailing damage to the storage. They take on the role of BhOga UpakaraNams such as Flower. they share in the excess pleasure so as to safeguard the tank.org ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS AND ELABORATION BY ADIYEN Periya PirAtti and PerumAL are objects of enjoyment for the other Devis of the Lord like BhUmi and NeeLA PirAtti. 82 . To protect the safety of a tank or dam. bhOgyA VAmapi nAntharIyakathayA pushpAngarAgai: Samam nirvruttha praNayAthi-vAhana-vidhou neethA: parIvAhathAm | Devi! thvAmanu NeeLayA saha Devya:sahasram taTA yAbhisthvam sthana bAhu dhrushtibhiriva svAbhi: priyam slAgasE || MEANING BY DR. I imagine the love sport that you engage the Lord in the ecstasy-flood exceeds all bounds. You feel as if the Lord is engaged with Your sensitive organs for aesthetic satisfaction. sadagopan. In fact. one could say that the banks would be breached to entail the loss of floodwaters. ÉaeGya vamip naNtrIyktya pu:pa¼ragESsm< invR&Äà[yaitvahnivxaE nIta> prIvahtam! . BhUmi and NeeLA Devis and other thousands of consorts serve in this manner. Bhattar describes the complimentary relationship between Periya PirAtti. On the other hand. somewhat like flowers and sandal paste. the overflowing water would be let out through conduits by opening the floodgates.SLOKAM 26 In the 26th slOkam. BhU Devi and NeeLA Devi (Napinnai). In another interpretation.V.N. They would not harbor any jealousy. there being no scope for Saapathnya Kalaha BhAvam or SakkaLatthi Kaacchal or asooyai.

Dr. Sri Thirumalai NallAn Raama Krishna IyengAr's Tamil translation of Bhattar's 26th Paasuram is beautiful to enjoy: Iruveerkkum refers here to BhUmi and NeeLA Devi in the context of the blissful union of Periya PirAtti with Her Lord.N.poruvArkkum Puvi MadanthaiOdu Neelai pOnRa Aayiram DevimArkaLuLLAr). BhUmi Devi and NeeLA Devi become indispensable (inRiyamAyuthu) such as the two pleasure giving objects (bhOgOpakaraNams): like Flower and Sandal paste (Malar Saanthu pOla). you feel as if the Lord is enjoying Your sensitive organs of aesthetic satisfaction (Vizhi Kongai kai koNDenna yEnthali Nee avarAl inbhurutthi Devi). These two Paasurams deal with the reaction of BhUmi DEvi. when the Lord is united with Periya PirAtti.V. Oh MahA Lakshmi! When the lord enjoys His other Devis like BhUmi. Neelai and others.org Iruveerkkum anubhavitthaRkku iniyarAhi inRiyamayAthu malar Saanthu pOlapperukArkkum prEmatthin VeLLam kEdu piRappiyAvAramaittha maRukALAi ninnporuvArkkum Puvi MadanthaiOdu NeeLai pOnRa Aayiram DevimArkaLuLLAr irupArkkum Vizhi Kongai kai koNDenna yEnthalai neeyavarAlinpurutthi Devi! .V suggested that this slokam fits closely with Bhattar's nirvAham for the Thiruviruttham Paasurams of Swamy NammAzhwAr (Paasurams 52) and the Poygai AzhwAr's 42nd Paasuram. This anubhavam inspired Bhattar to compose the 26th slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam is now being discussed. when She sees the Lord enjoying the bliss of Union with Periya PirAtti. NeeLA Devi and the thousand other consorts of the Lord in union with Periya PirAtti (MaRukAlAi ninn. That should not endanger the bunds or the dam (VeLLam kEdu piRappiYAvARu). Bhattar interprets these two paasurams by placing BhUmi DEvi in the Upakarana GhOshti. 83 sadagopan. a sluice is constructed to remove the pressures of the flood of BhOgAnubhavam (VeLLam kEdu PiRappiyAvARu amaittha maRukAL). What are these sluices that relieve the pressures of the overflowing bliss experience? They are BhUmi Devi. The flood of bliss overflows (perukArkkum prEmatthin VeLLam).Sandal paste etc and become indispensable for the enhancement of the Ananda anubhavam of the Dhivya Dampathis.

behaviour nature and bliss without any difference.V.by compulsive force of their emotional force that compels service as a pleasure in itself. Twice in Purusha Sooktam. He describes the joyous service (kaimkaryam) renderd by Nithya Sooris to Her and Her Lord In Sri Vaikuntam.v&ÄSvêpEÉaeRgEvaR inivRze. its non-material nature. Bhattar describes the unique enjoyment of Nithya Sooris/Saadya DevAs in serving the Dhivya Dhampathis in Sri Vaikuntam. which is free from stigmas.org ADDITIONAL COMMENTS AND ELABORATIONS BY ADIYEN Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as “JananI” or the Mother of the Universe. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar uses verbatim the Vedic Phrase: “SaadhyA: Santhi dEvA:” from Purusha Sooktham. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: The Nithyasooris --also called Saadhya DevAs -. Sri RanganAtha Muni for the word “dEvA:” in Purusha Sooktham is as follows: 84 .gNxa> . te saXyaSsiNt deva jnin ! gu[vpuveR. the mind being filled with love of the Divine Couple and love of their service--they derive a unique bliss. Form.aSsvys#v ye inTyindaeR. whosoever he may be as a lowly job to be condemned. These Nithya Sooris are known otherwise as Sadhya DEvAs with their home in Sri Vaikuntam. It is only such a voluntary loving service. he ïI> ! ïIr¼ÉtuRStv c pdprIcarv&TyE sdaip àmàÔa[ÉavaivlùdyhQaTkarkE»yRÉaega> .SLOKAM 27 In this slOkam. tE saadhyA: santhi dEvA Janani! guNa-vapur-vEsha-vruttha roopai: bhOgairvA nirvisEshA: savayasa iva yE nithya-nirdhOsha-gandhA: | hE SrI: ! SrIrangabharthustava cha padha.parichAravruthyai sadhApi prEmapradhrANa bhAvavila-Hrudhaya haDAthkAra kaimkarya-bhOgA: || MEANING BY DR. we come across references to Saadhya DEvAs: “Yathra PoorvE SaadhyAssanthi DEvA:” “tEna dEvA ayajantha. Elsewhere one speaks of service to a person. The commentary of Upanishad BhAshyakArar. SaadhyA Rishasccha yE”.are exactly like the Lord in GuNAs. They are ever flawless. sadagopan. they engage themselves ever in your service --I mean the service to Both of You -.N.

KaDikAsatham AmmAL His chief sishyar. The SaadhyAs incarnate here (on Earth).“tE surA: parikeerthayanthE yE SurAlaya-vaasina:. This Guru ParamparA continues without break until now. who received sanyAsam from Lakshmi Nrusimhan Himself. In the first two paadhams of this slOkam.at the command of the Dhivya Dhampathis-. Nithya Kaimkaryam to the Dhivya Dhampathis in Sri Vaikuntam is their whole way of life. Sri Adhi VaNN SathakOpar. The term dEvA: in Purusha Sooktham identifies with the SaadhyAs or Nithya Sooris). ApuLLAr (Nithya Soori SuprathishtAmsar) Swamy Desikan (ThiruvEnkatamudayAn's Bell) His Sishyar. complete the task assigned to them by the Divine Couple and hurry back at the end to Sri Vaikuntam to enjoy the bliss of Nithya Kaimkaryam there. NadAdhUr AmmAl (Nithya Soori SubhadrAmsar) His sishyar. These are the SaadhyAs that Bhattar has in mind. They thrive from the enjoyment of performance of Kaimkaryam and accept such kaimkaryam as Parama BhOga anubhavam. Bhattar provides additional proof for the 85 sadagopan.org .descend to earth as AchAryans to redeem us. These SaadhyAs some times-. Brahma tantra Svatantra Swamy His Mukhya Sishyar. The SaadhyAs are somewhat different from Muktha Jeevans in that they never experienced the bonds of Karma like the Bhaddha Jeevans. Examples of them in our Guru ParamparA in descending order are: Swamy NammAzhwAr (Nithya Soori VishvaksEna amsam) AchArya Naatha Muni (Nithya Soori Gaja VakthrAmsar) UyyakkoNDAr (JayathsEnAmsar) ManakkAl Nampi (KumudAmsar) AaLavandhAr (Nithya Soori Hari-VakthrAmsar) Periya Nampi (KumudhAkshAmsar) EmperumAnAr (AdhisEshAmsam) ThirukkuruhaippiLLAn (Nithya Soori PrasaNDAmsar) His sishyar. YengaL AzhvAn (VijayAmsar) His sishyar. Vaikunta-Vaasina: Sarve SaadhyA dEvA: sameerithA:” (Those who reside in Svarga lOkam of IndrA are called SurAs and those who reside in the Vaikunta Lokam are recognized as SaadhyAs.

sadagopan. Vruttham / Conductance without involvement with karmas 5. The Brahma Soothram. its protection and destruction.Saadhya dEvAs being identical to Nithya Sooris. vEsham /kOlam 4. BhOgam or capacity to enjoy equally the dhivya dampathis' Isvaryam/VibhUthi. “BhOgamAthra Saamya LingAsccha” refers to this identity in enjoyment as the Lord and His consort. dhivya ManGaLa Vigraham 3.org 86 . They do not know any vrutthi (occupation) other than Sesha Vrutthi (occupation as bonded servants) and are compelled as it were by their own deep love and affection for You both as adhyantha Sesha bhUthALs. these SaadhyAs identify their kaimkaryams as their Sole bliss (BhOgam). Oh RanganAyaki! These SaadhyAs melt with joy over the opportunity to serve You both and are servants of Yours. GuNam 2. Svaroopam / Possession of Jn~Anam. Aanandham and Amalathvam 6. With a mind overcome by the power of serving you both. He describes them as “Nithya NirdhOsha GandhA:” They have no blemish of Karma sambhandham whatsoever. The only activities that the SaadhyAs and the Muktha Jeevans do not have the power to enter into are the cosmic activities such as the creation of the Universe. in contrast. These cosmic activities reside exclusively with the Lord. the other Muktha Jeevans in Sri Vaikuntam had karma sambhandham in Bhaddha Dasai before Prapatthi anushtAnam. These Nithya Sooris (Saadhya dEvas) have six points of similarity to the Lord. 1. HadAthkAram means obsessive mode of behavior. where one is helpless and they spend their time in such a blissful state of kaimkaryam to You both. The powerful feelings of love for You both propel them with force (BhalAthkAram) to serve You both and enjoy the bliss resulting there from. Their prEmai for You both overpowers them and leads them to enjoy “HaDAthkAra Kaimkarya BhOgam”. They are enslaved as it were by the powerful bonds of affection to You both.

Sri Vaatsa VeerarAghavAcchaar. The mind frame of Kinkaran (Sesha BhUthan) and YajamAnan (Master/Sarva SEshi/ Isvaran) has been described by our AchAryAs this way: The Kinkaran (Servant) asks the Lord: “Kim KaravANi? Kim KaravaaNi?” (What kind of service adiyEn can perform to please you both?) The most Merciful Couple command their kinkaraLs to perform the different Kaimkaryams (services) to Them and when they get completed. Without that Sambhandham with Sri Devi. who is the friend and protector of the Whole world).org . He is bereft of His identity (His svaroopam is thus defined by Her union with Him as His PrAkAram). The “Dharmam” and “Dharmi” are never conceived or spoken of separately. All auspiciousness to that Lakshmi Narasimhan.bhUthALs and SEshi Dhampatis. “Tvath Pathithvam Isavara LakshaNam” (Being the Husband/Lord of MahA Lakshmi is THE Mark/LakshaNam of Isvaran). This is about the relationship between Him (Sriman NaarAyaNan) as “DHARMI” (PerumAL/YajamAnan) and His “Svaroopa-nirUpaka DHARMAM” (Periya PirAtti). Sri ParAsara Bhattar focuses on another cardinal principle of Sri VaishNavam (viz): “anithara SaadhAraNa SvAtantryam” of BhagavAn. This is the paraspara-abhimAnam and ManObhAvam between the Sesha.SLOKAM 28 Jn~Anandha SvaroopAya Jn~a sakthyAdhi SindhavE BhandhavE Sarva lOkAnAm Sri NrusimhAya MangaLam --Sri Lakshmi Nrusimha MangaLa SthOthra SlOkam of HH Srinivaasa YathIndhra MahA Desikan of AhObila Matam (25th Pattam) (All auspiciousness to the embodiment of Satya. It is the heart-felt desire and ultimate goal (PurushArtham) of all Sri VaishNavAs to be the residents of Sri Vaikuntam (Kaimkarya SaamrAjyam) and perform Nithya Kaimkaryam to the Divine Couple there in their Supreme abode (parama Padham). In the previous slOkam. who is the ocean of dhivya Jn~Ana sakthi. That was the context of the 27th SlOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam. This is the SvaroopaNiroopaka Dharmam. Bhagavath-Bhaagavatha -AchArya kaimkaryam constitutes the heart of Sri VaishNavam. There was an important reason for it. In the 28th slOkam. we perform AchArya and BhAgavatha Kaimkaryam with utter humility and to the maximum extent of our capabilities to earn the Moksha SaamrAjyam to perform nithya Kaimakryam in Parama Padham. In this world. They applaud the Kaimkaryams with affection as pleased parents: “Kim KruthavAn? Kim KruthavAn?” (Oh what a beautiful way in which you completed this Kaimkaryam for Us!). the Kaimkaryam / KinchithkAram done by Nithya Sooris to the Divine Dhampathis in Sri Vaikuntam was covered by Bhattar. The Commentator. The attitude of the Kinkaran while engaged in the Kaimkaryam should be like “sEvA Svavrutthi:” (Like a humble and obedient dog performing the commands of its Master). Their anyOnyam is what qualifies Him (PerumAL) to be revered as “SRIYA: PATHI”. says in this context: 87 sadagopan.Jn~Ana -Aanandha SvarUpan.

from Your Lord.“ayam Isvara: itheedhanthva vibhava:. NaabhidhatthE na Vadhathi” (Even the Sruthi/Vedam does not spell you out distinctly /separately --since you are indistinct and inseparable -. Thou art the Dharmi for His Dharmam (Svaroopa Niroopakam). VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother MahA Lakshmi! Moon-faced (showering anugrahams on your dear devotees with your nectarine glances resembling the cool rays of the Moon)! The Lord enjoys a 88 . “SruthisthvAmapi tadh-anatharbhAvAth Bhagavath. You constitute Him as a part of Him and you are anthargatham (inseparably blended into Him).N.V. pruTak Bhagavatha: pruTakkruthya. “Tvath Pathithvam Isvara LakshaNam Jaananthi” (These MahAthmAs recognize immediately that being Your Lord provides Him the mark/status as Isvaran). You are the auspiciousness behind all His MangaLams (MangaLam MangaLAnAm).aeTk. TvmasImaRt> ! ïI> ! kimtuirdimTw<TvivÉvStdNtÉaRvaÅva< n p&wgiÉxÄe ïuitrip . VedAntha Desikan --takes the following form: (it must be remembered that Sri ParAsara Bhattar's Ashta SlOki and Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam provided the stimulus for Swamy Desikan's magnum opus.N. Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram) sadagopan.svaroopa-niroopaka kODAvanthrbhAvAth.and defining Yourself as His PrAkAram). both of these definitions arise out of this special relationship He has with You).Rsmye .aRÑvit olu in:k.org Svêp< SvatNÈy< Égvt #d< cNÔvdne ! Tvdaðe. Idhrusa Isvara itheeTAmthva Vibhaava: UBHAYAMAPI THVAMEVA ABHAVA:” (This ISVARAN has such glories and He is of this nature. You are the sacredness behind all His sacredness (PavithrANAm Pavithram).V. That is why they do not speak about you separately. The 28th SlOkam containing these lofty and central doctrines of Sri VaishNavam based on SanniyOga Visishta NyAyam principles developed later by Swamy Desikan in the Moola ManthrAdhikaraNam of Sri Rahasya Thraya Saaram --as pointed out by Dr. Svaroopam SvAtantryam Bhagavatha idham ChandravadhanE ! tvadhAslEshOthkarshAth Bhavathi khalu Nishkarsha-samayE | thvamAseermAatha:! SrI:! kamithurimitTam thvavibhava: tadh-antharbhAvathvam na pruTag-abhidhattE Srutirapi || MEANING DR. “santha: thvAm Bhagavathi dhrushtvA tvadhAsrayam Isvaram nisichanvanthi” (The great Ones see You serving Your Lord as His obedient consort--sharing Your Lord's Six powers as Bhagavathi-.

His attributes-are part of Him. You and Your association are the determinant-factors for His Supremacy and independence. You are in Him as His Qualities. your continuous contiguity.reputation of total independence (Svaroopam SvAtantryam Bhagavatha:) that is characteristic of (His) top supremacy. He derives His greatness by reason of your connection. you are IPSO FACTO to be understood as the subject as much as He (Your Lord). He cannot be known or defined or described or praised except by reference to you. This is exactly the reason for the VedAs not spelling you (Your GuNams) out distinctly --because You constitute His qualities (GuNams).org . so to say. and Total Sovereignty etc. Independence. which are indistinct and inseparable from Him! You-. when He is spoken of and when His qualities are understood. This only means that You are the personification of. which however. is only a result of. Hence. of the Qualities of Supremacy. Thiruchcherai Saaranayaki Thayar 89 sadagopan. and which can be understood only on that basis of being Your Consort.

Fragrance is a necessary characteristic of the flower and is inseparable from it.e. So also are your auspiciousness. For Instance. He acquires His auspiciousness through His links (sambhandham) to Her. He explained that Sri RanganAyaki constitutes Her Lord's Qualities. for Your Lord. when He is spoken about and when His auspicious attributes are referred to. it is to be comprehended that She is as much the subject matter as He is. BhakthAs salute Him: “MangaLam BhagavAN VishNu: MangaLam MadhusUdhana: | MangaLam PuNDarIkAksha: MangaLam Garudadhvaja: || PavithrANAm Pavithram yO MangaLAnAm cha mangaLam || 90 . No one can legitimately raise a question as to how the fragrance itself acquires a reputation. In this 29th slOkam. and meaning of yourself. A flower acquires a reputation from its fragrance.V. That is why. it is acquired form You! ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS FROM DR.N. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar goes one step further and points out that Sri RanganAyaki's auspiciousness is SvaabhAvikam (innate) and the auspiciousness of the Lord is a derivate of Her auspciousness (i. tava sparsAdh-Isam sprusathi KamalE! MangaLa-padham tavEdham nOpAdhErupanipathitham SrIrasi yatha: | prasUnam pushyantImapi parimalardhim jigadishu : na chaivam-thvA dEvam svadata ithi kascchith kavayatE || MEANING BY DR. which are inseparable from Him.V. sadagopan. tv SpzaRdIz< Sp&zit kmle ! m¼¦pd< tved< naepaxeépinpitt< ïIris yt> . VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh MahA Lakshmi! Auspiciousness informs the Lord only by reason of Your association. For You.org àsUn< pu:yNtImip pirm¦ix¡ ijgid. There is no meaning in a question as to how You acquire it. This auspiciousness is innate.un cEv<Tvadev< Svdt#it kiíTkvyte.SLOKAM 29 In the previous slOkam.). an inseparable. It is your own natural attribute.N. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar explained why the VedAs are not eulogizing Sri RanganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi) separately. VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh MahA Lakshmi! It is customary to use MangaLa Padham while referring to Your Lord.

“Yatha: Satthvam TathO Lakshmi:” refers to Her pervasive presence. The fragrance of Mallikai or CheNpakam is an innate attribute of these flowers. A case in point is Mallikai flower. ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS/COMMENTS Swamy Bhattar points out that it is but natural that the Lord is addressed by MangaLa Naamams because of His Sambhandham to His divine consort possessing such innate kalyANa GuNams. They are Svatham (innate) and are NirupAdhikam (without any other dependence). The above MangaLa Padhams really belong to You. Swamy Bhattar says: “Tava sparsAth (thvath SambhandhAth) SwAminam MangaLa Sabdha: sprusathi” (it is because of your links that the MangaLa Padhams cling to Your Lord.The above MangaLa padhams used in referring to Your Lord arise from Your Sambhandham. Similarly.Svaroopi. those mangaLa Padhams do not arise from any other connection. As a result. These auspiciousness do not have any home except in You and therefore get elevated to acquire Srimath Sabdham. It is because of You and Your Mangalathvam (innate auspiciousness) that Your Lord qualifies for MangaLa padha Vaachyathvam (Object of salutations with auspicious Naamams). This is SvabhAvikam (natural) and not OupAdhikam (artificial or unnatural). They subside in You and touch them. You are MangaLa. They fit you perfectly. beauty. How can the poet succeed in finding an answer to such queries? It is futile to find an answer to such a question. AdiyEn will elaborate on those two references below. KurEsar describes it in his 7th slOkam of Sri Sthavam: Isvaryam yath asEsha Pumsi yadhidham Soundarya-lAvaNyO: Roopam yaccha hi MangaLm kimapi yallOkE sadhithyuchatE | tath sarvam tvadhadhInamEva yadhatha: SrIrithyabhEdhEna vaa yadhvaa Srimath-ithIdhrusEna vachasA Devi! PraTAmasnuthE || (MEANING): Oh MahA Lakshmi! All what one witnesses in the people of the world as wealth.N. We praise it for its fragrance.V. Your MangaLathvam is NirupAdhikam. shapely form. these are all under Your control. We do not get into exploring reasons why it is fragrant.org .He says that the flower with captivating fragrance is not questioned by the poets as to where its fragrance came from. Dr. “Bhagavath MangaLathvE Sri DEvi SambhandO NiyAmaka:” The auspicious attributes of the BhagavAn is intricately linked to her innate auspiciousness. wherever there is some thing noble or 91 sadagopan. auspiciousness.V refers in passing to the 7th slOkam of Sri Sthavam of Swamy KooratthAzhwAn and passages in Swamy Desikan's Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram (DhvayAdhikAram) to illustrate Her NirupAdhika mangalathvam (innate Auspiciousness). In Your case. They exhibit the different types of attributes that people take note of. VishNu PurANa SlOkam (1-9-29) passage.

org Ubhayanaachiyaars– Parthasarathy Koil 92 . We will refer to a very revealing quotation there from the Sri Sookthi of AruLALa PerumAL EmperumAnAr: aakAriNasthu vij~nAnam aakAra-jn~Ana-poorvakam tEnAkAram Sriyam Jn~AthvA Jn~athavayO BhagavAn Hari: (MEANING): Only after understanding the unique attributes (visEshanam) of an object (Vasthu). Hence. DHVAYADHIKARANAM PRAISING HER NIRUPADHIKA MANGALATHVAM Swamy Desikan's salutations to MahA Lakshmi's NirupAdhika MangaLathvam are abundant in DhvayAdhikaaram.auspicious. Similar is the counsel of Vedams and other PoorvAchAryAs! sadagopan. we can comprehend the object clearly. PirAtti is the PradhAna ViseshaNam of PerumAL. one should understand first the innate guNams of PirAtti before comprehending the (derivative) attributes of PerumAL in His sthAnam as Sriman NarAyaNan.

Bhattar describes the power of the auspicious glances of Sri RanganAyaki. When. the abundance of riches in the treasury etc. then the object becomes dEvAs like IndhrA. That praise in reality is a praise of the King Himself. say.N.org atha: SrIrAmnAyas-tadhubhayamusamsthvAm praNijagou . the actual reference is to be understood to point to YOU. two or three. the father of ParAsara Bhattar conceded in His Sri Sthavam that MahA Lakshmi's auspicious GuNAs and the effects of Her MangaLa dhrushtis can not be described adequately by words: “SrI:! tAvakA guNA: vaachAm manasaam cha dhurgruhathayA khyAtha:”( Sri Sthavam: slOkam 4). VEDANTHA DESIKAN: When your eye glances falling are one. if One is praising the affluence of a kingdom. Bhattar pointed out: “tvAm na pruTagabhi. 93 sadagopan. Earlier (28th slOkam).V.SLOKAM 30 In this slOkam. You are the cause of their greatness. apAngA bhUyAmsO yadupari param Brahma tadh-abhUth amI yathra dhvithrA: sa cha sathamakhAdhis tadadharAth | prasasthissaa Raaj~nO yadhapi cha purIkOsa-kaTanam || MEANING BY DR. when one praises the abundant riches of the King's treasury. the four-faced BrahmA and the like. Para-brahman or the lesser gods are referred to in the VedAs. Bhattar says a similar situation exists. At> ïIraçayStÊÉymuz<STva< ài[jgaE àziStSsa ra}ae ydip c purIkaezkwnm! .dhatthE Sruthirapi” (The VedAs do not spell out Your auspicious guNAs separately from that of Your Lord because You constitute His GuNAs. ADIYEN'S ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: KurEsar. The root cause behind the exalted sthAnams of Indhran and BrahmA is indeed the power of the benevolent glances of Pirate. Here. therefore. that praise only devolves on the ruler. Apa¼a ÉUya<sae yÊpir pr< äü tdÉUdim yÇ iÖÇaSs c ztmoaidStdxrat! . So here also praise of the Lord (or the lesser gods) is equivalent to your praise. which are indistinct and inseparable from Him). subordinates to Your Consort. After all.

We seek the protection of that great Empress. when the anugraha sankalpam of Your benevolent glances fell on it. grew beautifully. Those uplifting glances rejuvenated it to great beauty and strength. It shot up like a young creeper reaching for the sky. One of Your name is Sraddhaa. Sri ParAsara Bhattar points out that the Roopam and SthAnam of Sriman NaarAyaNan to BrahmA to Rudran to other DevAs are only due to the power of MahA Lakshmi's KaDAksha Vaibhavam (Tvath KaDAksha-labdha-VibhavathvAth --Parabrahma-Vidhi-SivaSathamakhAdhi Roopam). which had experienced decline. KurEsar cites this as His reason for seeking MahA LakshmI's refuge: yasyA: kaDAksha mrudhu veekshaNa dhIkshaNEna sadhya: Samullasitha-pallavam ullalAsa: Visvam viparyaya-samutTa-viparyayam prAkk ThAmm Deva-dEva-mahishIm Sriyam aasrayAma: (MEANING): This Universe. the Divine Consort of Deva Raajan. who is both His own Lord and the Lord of the Universe considers Himself mightily blessed by being the object of Your auspicious glances). when Your auspicious glances did not fall on it.org 94 . He extrapolates this truism to Sriman NaarAyaNan Himself with the subsequent statement: “JagannATa: NaarAyaNa: api Tava EekshaNAth SvAthmAnam dhanyam manyathE” (The Lord Sriman NaarAyaNan. The PramANam says in this context states that you provide SarvEsvarathvam to Your Lord through your apAngam (glances): “SraddhayA DevO Devathvam asnuthE”. Such is the glory of the Glances of Sri RanganAyaki! sadagopan.Kuresar goes on to say that the Isvaryams enjoyed by the human beings---be it small or great--.originate from the mangaLa dhrushti of MahA Lakshmi.

where the Lord's greatness was attributed to His sambhandham (relationship) to His divine consort.SLOKAM 31 With this and the following two slOkams. Because His greatness depends only on His own “Property” (This term “Property” is appropriate in the 95 sadagopan.N. Thus.hE SrI: Thvam VishNO: SVATHA: SvabhAbhAvAth nirupAdhikAthma SvarUpa-SvabhAva: ithi arTa: Svamasi SeshabhUthAsi “SvathvamAthmani samjAtham SwAmithvam BrahmaNi-sthiTam. when we state that His greatness depends on your being His possession. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Maha Lakshmi! You are but a natural possession of the Lord. Égvan! TvdayÄixRTve=PyÉvdpraxInivÉv> . AathmadhAsyam harE: SvAmyam svabhAvam cha sadhaa smara” ithyAdhi PramANA: MEANING BY DR. for His greatness. on an external factor. or that He depends.org . Svatha: SrIsthvam VishNO: Svamasi tatha yEvaisha BhagavAn tvadhAyattaddhirthvEabhyabhavath aparAdhIna vibhava: | svayA dhIpthyA rathnam bhavadhapi mahArgam na viguNam na kuNDavAsvAtantryam bhavathi cha na chAnyahithaguNam || The Tamil translation of this slOkam has been done very well by Sri Thirumalai NallAn Raamakrishna Iyengar: iyalbinAl sotthAm unnal IRai siRappu yeythinAlum ayal poruLAlE aahum adhisayam udyAn aahAn suya oLi tulakkumEnum thoomaNi guNam maRRonRAl uyarnthathu Thiru! mudanmai ozhinthathu yenRu uraikkappOmO? The Sanskrit commentary form Sri Vatsya VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy on the “Svatha: SrIthvam” is also included for completeness: Svatha: ithi-. SvtZïISTv< iv:[ae> Svmis tt@vE.V. ParAsara Bhattar clears some doubts for us that might have arisen from the earlier slOkam. Svya dIPTya rÆ< Évdip mha"¡ n ivgu[< n k…{QaSvatNÈy< Évit c n caNyaihtgu[m!. It is wonderful to reflect on Bhattar's inspiring logic. it is not as though we deny His due greatness.

The situation is similar to the lustrous gemstone. Similarly. sadagopan. He DEPENDS. that is. He has not borrowed His greatness from some one else.) he derives His glory from you! This type of adoration does not demean the Lord in any sense. on His own! Consider an illustration! A precious gemstone becomes very valuable only by reason of its brilliant lustre.e. Our statements connecting His glory to Yours is not to be associated with any suggestion that He is deriving His glory from any thing that does not belong to Him. whatever tribute we concede to the possession --the property. This fact does not result in lack of GuNa VisEshams for the Lord. Actually. The actual citation is: “Vibhu: PathnyA GuNAdhyasccha VisishtO VishayOthra na:” Swamy Desikan cites this 31st slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam to emphasise the doctrine that the Lord with Sri Devi is the UpAyam for Moksham. after all. As indicated earlier. One who owns some one or a property (Svam) is Swaami. the lustre-.org 96 . Its lustre is its aathma guNam (SonthamAna GuNam). MahA Lakshmi is the “property” of the Lord. Your Lord is Your Swami. the gemstone. Guna means Quality and not Possession. Your Lord has all the glory and mahimai. this slOkam describes the relation between the Lord and His PirAtti. She becomes His Seshabhoothai out of her own desire. it would amount to a kind of stigma. is ipso facto valid in respect of the Lord as well.V. ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS: Oh MahA Lakshmi! You are indeed the Lord's Sotthu (Possession)! We say your glory gives the Lord His Glory (i. Oh Mother. That guNam has to be associated always with the owner. All vaibhavams of PirAtti devolve on Her Swamy. GUNA means both Quality and Possession). You are Your Lord's possession (Svatha: Svam). we are consciously praising lustre as if it were a separate factor isolable from the possessor.sense of GUNA as well as POSSESSION. Dr.will automatically devolve on the possessor. All that is spoken of You. In Tamil. where Swamy Desikan cites this slOkam in two chapters: SiddhOpAya sOdhanAdhikAram (23rd chapter) and Dhvaya adhikAram (28th chapter). That lustre (gunam) is not external to the gemstone. In English and in Sanskrit languages however. If we were to assert that the gemstone would be worthless.N. He (Viseshyam) derives glory (Vaibhavam) from Her (VieshaNam). It does not derive that guNam of lustre from something outside itself. That she confers Her Lord great vaibhavam does not detract from His Vaibhavam arising from His own “property” with such lofty “Gunams”. the radiations it emits. They are inextricably interlinked by “EkasEshithva Yogam”. Therefore His deriving glory from His own Sotthu does not suggest that He derives such glory from some thing that does not belong to Him. He is only deriving it from an adhIna vasthu and not a parAdhina Vasthu (the property belonging to someone else).V cites two instances in Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram.

He depends on His possession for His Vaibhavam and not any one other than that possession (MahA Lakshmi).org .A famous Lakshmi KalyANa slOkam is cited by Swamy Desikan in this context. Among the Divine couple. She is His natural possession. who are the cause behind the generation of sadhguNams in chEthanams. PirAtti elects to become SeshabhUthai to the Lord and yet in times of Prapatthi. ananyAdhIna kalyANam anyamangaLa kAraNam jagannidhAnamadhvantham dhvandham vandhAmahE vayam (MEANING): We prostrate before the Dhivya Dhampathis who have limitless auspicious attributes of their own without depending on anyone else. they both become the means and Phalan. “sadhaika SEshis or sadhA yEka Seshis” 97 sadagopan. His greatness is in no way diminished by His dependence on His own Isvaryam. who have no equals and who are the cause for the existence of the universe as its creators. The Dhivya Dhampathis are “sadhaika sEshis or SadhA yEka Seshis” according to AchArya RaamAnuja based on the authority of PaancharAthra Saasthram.

Might. doing all good to that devotee-these marks of a God that appeals to us as heartening qualities of the magnanimous soul. Supremacy. Sri RanganAyaki have in common.SLOKAM 32 In the 32nd slOkam. love for the person surrendered. knowledge. effulgence. These two categories of GuNams are common to both of them. — all these heaps of traits cited are true.V. àzknblJyaeit}aRnEZvrIivjyàwaà[tvr[àem]em»rTvpurSsra> . halo etc. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: (Oh! RanganAyaki) we shall delineate the characteristics that mark you and Your Lord equally as follows: Power. common aspects for BOTH of You: not that One of You has one (a GuNam) that is not had (possessed) by the other. Aip pirm¦> kaiNtlaRv{ymic›irtIiNdre ! tv ÉjvtíEte saxar[a gu[razy> . The great fragrance. ParAsara Bhattar instructs us about the dhivyAtham Svaroopa GuNams and dhivya MangaLa Svaroopa GuNams (dealing with Thirumeni) that both Lord RanganAthA and His divine Consort. charm. prasakana bhala jyOthir-Jn~AnaiswarI vijaya praTApraNatha varaNa prEma kshEmankarathva purassarA: | api parimala: kaanthir-lAvaNyamarchirithIndhirE tava BhagavathascchaitE sAdhAraNA guNarAsaya: || MEANING BY DR.N. Acceptance of a refugee. 98 .org ADDITIONAL COMMENTS BY ADIYEN: Paraasara Bhattar groups the rich assembly of GuNAs possessed by the Lord and His Consort into two distinct categories: 1) Dhivya Athma Svaroopa GuNams 2) Dhivya MangaLa Svaroopa GuNams Both these categories of GuNams are shared by both. sadagopan. personal beauty of all individual limbs. said to be the implication of Bhagavaan and Bhagavathi.--all of which mark an individual form and physical figure. sustainability --all these. There is no exclusivity in terms of possession of these assemblies of guNAs by one or the other Dhivya Dhampathi. being the meaning of Bhaga.

Bhattar explains that Sri RanganAyaki shares all these six GuNams as Bhagavathi.10 (Soozhnthu athanil periya Sudar Jn~Ana InbhamO). Some of the other dhivyAthma GuNams are: PraNatha VaraNam. Further. In this slOkam. Bhalam: might/ strength / vigour is the next one shared by them. When it comes to DhivyAthma GuNams or dhivya Mangala Svaroopa GuNams. 2. 4. the dhivya damapthis have the common trait of attracting those praNatha Janams. showing preethi and blessing them with all anugrahams. Here in Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. His consort shares Sarvagandhathvam. Bhattar had earlier said that the Vaibhavam of the Lord was derived from MahA Lakshmi. He points out that they are equally matched in every way .1. . 99 sadagopan. The Lord as ParavAsudEvan is recognized as the possessor of all these six dhivyAthma GuNAs (“ShAdguNyAth Vaasudeva: Para” according to ParAsara Bhattar in Sri RangarAja Sthavam).org 5. He is like a “nandhA ViLakku” with Svayam PrakAsam.2 as explained by our PoorvAchAryAs. This is the first of the six dhivyAthma Svaroopa GuNams commonly shared by Bhagavaan and Bhagavathi . then His consort is Sugandha RanganAyaki.10. She possesses the same Jn~ana Svaroopam. This dhivyAthma GuNam is saluted by Swamy NammAzhwAr as “uNar Muzhu nalam” in ThiruvAimozhi 1.What are these Dhivya Athma Svaroopa GuNams? These are: 1.In the next slOkam. If the Lord is ParimaLa RanganAthan. The Lord is known as Sarvagandhan. the dhivya dampathis share Kaanthi (effulgence) and LaavaNyam (beauty in all limbs/SarvAnga Soundharyam). She is radiant in Her own rights. Svayam prakAsa Jn~Ana Svaroopan. When some one seeks their protection through prapatthi. JyOthi: Tejas/ lustre/ radiance/ brilliance/ splendour. Prasakanam or prakrushtA sakthi or Enhanced Sakthi (power). they are thoroughly matched (OnRukku OnRu sOdai pOhavillai). This is shared by both again. VijayapraTA: Veeryam or prowess is another MahA mangaLa GuNam common to both. Bhattar will explain as to how that happens. This is “Sudar Jn~Ana Inbham” as revealed by Swamy NammAzhwAr in ThiruvAimozhi 10. 3. Iswaryam: Supreme wealth associated with Parathvam (Supremacy among Gods/ supreme being). The Dhivya Dampathis also have GuNams relating to their ThirumEni (Dhivya MangaLa Svaroopa GuNams such as Sougandhyam or divine fragrance (Parimalam). loving them. PraNatha PrEmam and PraNatha KshEmankarathvam. 6. Jn~Anam: True Knowledge.

He reminded us about Her Tatthvam that she is a natural possession of Her Lord (Svatha: SrIthvam). He listed first Her DhivyAthma Svaroopa GuNams that She shares with Her husband as: “Prasakanam prakrushtA Sakthi:. Pranatha VaraNam. Bhattar continues with the enlisting of the SaadhAraNa GuNAs of Sri RanganAyaki. Bhattar dwelled on all of the DhivyAthma Svaroopa Dhivya and MangaLa Svaroopa GuNams are shared equally by both the Lord and His divine consort. He concluded this 31st slokam by submitting that ALL that is spoken of Her is ipso facto valid as well for Her husband. Bhattar addressed Sri RanganAyaki as “IndhirE and Sarva. Sarav Jagadh BharaNa SaamarTyam. AaasrithaIshta PrApakthvam. Bhattar emphasized that there is not one GuNam that is not possessed by the other. SarvadhA sarva-vasthu SaakshAthkAram. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar explained the doctrine of Svatha: SrIthvam of Sri RanganAyaki (MahA LakshmI). Kaanthi:. KshEmankarathvam. ithyEthi” Thus there are two types of Svaroopa GuNAs (GuNa SamUham) that they display equally. In the 32nd slOkam. The alternative meaning for this salutation is that She is the creeper like Soundharyavathi. Jayaseelathva prasasthi:. Isvarathvam. sadagopan. The text of the beautiful 33rd SlOkam is as follows: ANye=ip yaEvnmuoa> yuvyaeSsmana> ïIr¼m¼¦ivj&MÉ[vEjyiNt ! tiSm<Stv Tviy c tSy prSpre[ s<StIy¡ dpR[#v àcur< SvdNte . Soundaryam and SarvAvaya ShObhA. Bhattar made LakshmI Svaroopa anusandhAnam here. Tadhanishta-nivarthakathvam” Then.SLOKAM 33 In the 31st SlOkam. 100 . Bhalam. JyOthstEja:. Vijaya praTAnathvam. Bhattar recognizes Sri RanganAyaki as the fluttering victory banner on top of Sri Ranga mangaLam (Sri RanganAthan's aasthAnam). Aasritha VasIkarathvam. He addresses Her with a tender salutation: “Sriranga MangaLa VijrumbhaNa Vaijayanthi”. Sri RanganAthan. SamudhAya ShObhA.org PrEmAsritha Vishaya Preethi:.IsvarayapradhE” in this slOkam. In the 33rd SlOkam. Archi: Oujvalyam. Bhattar went on to describe the Dhivya MangaLa Vigraha guNams that She shares with Her Consort: “ParimaLa:. who nourishes the auspiciousness of Sriranga MangaLan. LaavaNyam. Sougandhyam. Jn~Anam.

anyEpi youanamukhA: yuvayOssamAnA: Sriranga MangaLa VijrumbhaNa Vaijayanthi! | tasmimsthava Thvayi cha Tasya ParasparENa Samstheerya dharpaNa iva prachuram svadhanthE || MEANING BY DR.org . The delectable nature of their GuNa Visesahams changing mutually and reflecting as it were as a mirror image abundantly is saluted by Sri RamakrishNa Iyengar as: “ ManniyE pothuvAi mARi mARi maRRavariR ThOnRi nannilai kkaNNAdiyil pOl thihaznthu aLikkum inbham” (Tasmimstava Thvayi cha Tasya ParasparENa samstheerya DharpaNa iva prachram svadhanthE ). Your guNAs are reflected in the same way as a prathibhimbham in Him serving as your mirror. This Bhimba-Prahtibhibhimbha svaroopam of your guNAs seem to arise from Your YekasEshithva BhAvam (both serving as Seshis in unison) as a Dhivya mithunam (divine Couple). Their svaroopa GuNa visEshams emanating equally from their eternal youth is translated form the Sanskrit text of “YounamukhA: YuvayOssamAna:” as “Innum iruvar TankaL iLamai munnitta paNpu”. Sriman RaamakrishNa Iyengar translates “Sriranga MangaLa Vijrumbhana Vaijayanthi” as “Mannu Tennarangatthu Ongu MangaLak Kodi pOlvALE”. captivating beauty of the various limbs. 101 sadagopan. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh MahA LakshmI! Thou art really the victory-banner flying aloft in the seat of auspiciousness that is the substance of Srirangam shrine! There are some more characteristic traits (guNams) that are common to both of You: Ever-Youthfulness. etc. This Prathi palanam is delightful (bhOgyam) to both of You and to us.N. Both of You mutually enjoy this phenomenon: Why! It is delicious to us too: that You both possess such a common contingent of delectable attributes (GuNAs). One's (Yours or His) particular quality admired is reflected in the other and vice versa (as in a mirror): thus whatever you possess and shine thereby is verily His property too and marks Him too. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: The guNAs attributed to BhagavAn are reflected in You as a prathibhimbham in You serving as a mirror. The anyOnyathvam and Parspara BhAndhavam of the Dhivya Dhampathis of Srirangam saluted here and reference is made to their GuNAs. delicate sensitivity. which are exactly matched.V. extreme sincerity of response.

etc. Tviy öITvEkaNtan! èidmpitparaWyRké[a]madINva ÉaeKtu< Évit yuvyaeraTmin iÉda . certain differences in aathma guNams between You both arise as a result of Your mutual agreement.N. we see the feminine attributes shining such as softness of heart (the SoukumAryam of the heart). there are certain qualities exhibited by Your Lord as masculine being such as SvAthanthryam (acting independent of others/Opposite of Paaratantryam). Firmness of resolve in destroying the enemies of those who surrendered to Him. Mercy (SrinivAsasya KaruNAmiva RoopiNI). V. Certain other features. we described what is common to You both: but. complete concession of decisions (on meeting out punishments/ DhaNdadarathvam to Your Lord. forgiveness. etc. etc. These aside.V refers to SiddhOpAya SodhanAdhikAram and DhvayAdhikAram of Swamy Desikan's Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram in the context of this slOkam. Soundharyam are common to both of You. etc. which are special to You as a Lady are: gentility. total dependence on the Lord as His wife.N. there are some special traits. These mark the Lord. firmness in destroying enemies (Sthirathvam). yuavthvAdhou thulyEpyaparavasathA SathrusamanasthirathvAdheen kruthvA Bhagavathi guNAn pumsthva sulabhAn | Thvayee SthrIthvaikAnthAn pradhimapathi pArArTya KaruNA- sadagopan.V. This apportionment of GuNAs between You both agreeing to do so: that is. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: So far. own kindliness. by Your will and Your Lord's will reconciling each other by common consent! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Oh Periya PirAtti! SaadhAraNa GuNAs like Youth. Forgiving nature (KshamAmi na KshipAmi). such as non-dependence. Thus. In You. Patience.org KshamAdheen vaa bhOkthum yuvayOrAthmani midhA || MEANING BY DR.SLOKAM 34 In this 34th slOkam. AdiyEn will elaborate on these references: 102 . Swami ParAsara Bhattar comments on how the Svaroopa-RoopaGuNa SaadhAranams of the Lord and His Consort unite to bless the BhakthAs: yuvTvadaE tuLye=PyprvztazÇuzmniSwrTvadINk«Tva Égvit gu[an! pu<STvsulÉan! . DR. describable as masculine.

EmperumAn. Parama KaaruNikathvam/being an embodiment of Mercy 9. the daughter of the Milky Ocean protects the world and accepts the burden of giving the Moksha (Parama PurushArtha Siddhi) to PrapannAs (upAya anushtAna karthAs).78): NaarAyana param brahma sakthirnArAyaNI cha Saa VyApakAvathi-samslEshAth yEka-tatthvam ivOdhithou (MEANING): The Dhivya Dhampathis who pervade in all the objects of their creation are always together without separation and therefore are recognized as yEka Tatthvam (Single doctrine). This is the siddhAntham celebrated in PaancharAthra Saasthrams and Upanishads. Swaamithvam/ Lordship 3. MahA Lakshmi. Vaathsalyam /irakkam 2. Soulabhyam/ease of access by one and all who seek Him to perform prapatthi 5. Sarvaj~nathvam/ Omniscience 6. Sarva Sakthithvam/Omnipotence 7.At the beginning of SiddhOpAya sOdhanAdhikaaram. Swamy Desikan instructs us: "Jaladhi SuthayA sArdham DevO jagath-paripAlayan Parama Purusha: SiddhOpAya: PrathishtAbhara: sathAm” The Parama Purushan (EmperumAn) with His Devi. Kruthaj~nathvam/not forgetting even a small good deed and considering that as a 103 sadagopan. MahA Lakshmi. who are inferior to Him in many ways 4. The Dhivya Dhampathis are yEka tatthvam as celebrated by Ahirbudhnya samhithaI (4. protects the world with His Devi. Sathya Sankalpathvam/firmness in delivering His promise 8.org . who is always addressed as Sriman NaarAyaNan has 12 important guNams (Mukhya GuNams): 1. Souseelyam/companionship even with those. NaarAyaNan. A slOkam of Lakshmi Tanthram is the basis of the above upadEsam of Swamy Desikan: LakshmyA Saha HrishIkEsO DhEvyA KaaruNya RoopayA Rakshaka: Sarva SiddhAnthE vEdAnthEpi cha geeyathE (MEANING): The embodiment of Mercy.

This Lord revered by NaarAyaNa Sabdham is recognized as Sriman NaarAyanan in dhvaya manthram. KshamA (Forgiveness). This is the purport of the 34th SlOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar. Sthirathvam/Firmness of purpose 11. The Divine couple highlights the individual guNAs befitting their Savaroopams as PithA and MaathA of the Universe and its beings and yet acts in unison to protect the world and grant Moksha Siddhi to PrapannAs. they agree upon a gender-based division of guNAs to bless the prapannAs as a united Whole (Sriman NaarAyaNan). Bharthu Paaratantryam (total dependence on her Husband. Para dukkha asahishNuthvam (inability to be indifferent to the sorrows of the suffering /erring chEthanams). the Lord).org MahA Lakshmi in line with Her role as the Supreme Lady and the compassionate Mother of the World has a tacit understanding with her Lord to display Mrudhu Hrudhayam (Softheartedness towards AparAdhis). His masculinity is tempered by the femininity of PirAtti as Sarva Loka MaathA. As a result of their own sankalpam. The Lord demonstrates masculine attributes (Purushaika Nishtai) such as SvAtantryam (independence). 104 . KaruNA (DayA). Together with Her Lord. sadagopan. She stands as UpAyam at the time of Prapatthi of the chEthanan and performs Her dharmam as His Saha DharmachAriNi and accepts the havis of AathmA at the time of Praaptthi. who practises Bhakthi or Prapatthi upAyam. ParmOdhArathvam/ being the abode of immeasurable generosity in granting boons to the chEthanan. Paripoornathvam/being the embodiment of all auspicious guNAs 12.major upakAram 10. Sthirathvam (Firmness of resolve/aprakampyathvam) et al. AparAdha Sahathvam (putting up with the trespasses to SaasthrAnushtAnam instead of the tendency to punish/ dhaNdatarathvam like Her Lord and pleading for the erring chEthanams before Her Lord). Sathru Samanam (Destruction of enemies of BhakthAs).

who revel in sporting in the centre of the large lotus flower! I view both of you in a communion. That is how it appears to me! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: The Serthi Azhagu of ThAmarayAL and ThAmarayAL kELvan are saluted here. the gridle -. This dhivya MangaLa sevai is enjoyed by Swamy ParAsara Bhattar in a mood of recollection of the Panguni Utthara sErthi Sevai. she has the golden lightning like hue.org yuva-taruNathvayOr-uchitham AabharaNAdi param | . You both apportion jewels too (in addition to GuNams) in this pleasing manner. The 35th slOkam containing these thoughts is: "nknk*uit yuvdzamip muGxdza< yuvté[TvyaeéictmaÉr[aid prm! .V. PeethAmbharam. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother.SLOKAM 35 Swamy ParAsara Bhattar focuses on the ThiruvAbharaNams unique to each of the Dhivya Dhampathis at Srirangam. which compliment each other. They have their own dhivyA AabharaNams as Nithya YuvA and Subha GhAthra TaruNi. they being feminine ornaments. the nose-screw. you are a few years younger than Him to match Him in real youthfulness.these mark You (Sri RanganAyaki). Both are beautifully bedecked with jewellery. for example. They compliment each other in their alankArams. He has UrdhvaPuNDram.N. He is a Youth. You are golden. Øvmsmandezivinveiz ivÉJy hraE Tviy c k…zezyaedrivhairi[ ! inivRzis . She has HaridhrA-KaasmIra -Makari 105 sadagopan. the gem on the forehead top at the parting hair line. YajnOpaveetham. but each in His/Her particular way only. Ghana Kanaka dhyuthi-yuvadhasAmapi mugdhadasAm dhruvam-asamAna dEsa vinivEsi vibhajya Harou thvayi cha kusEsayOdara vihAriNi! Nirvisasi || MEANING BY DR. She is nava youna TaruNi. the ear-flower. pure and serene. what a beautiful blend of the finest compliments it presents! He is a dark dense cloud in hue. The Lord has the Neela Mega ThirumEni. He is YuvA (ILankumaran).

Sri RamakrishNa IyengAr's Tamil translation of this verse is as follows: karumuhiR Ponnin KAnthi KattilankALai Mangaipparuvaman-nilaikatkkERppa pAlvahai vevvERAna uruviniloLiru naRRppooNN uruthi nee thuytthi maRRum aRimisai piritthunn meethum AmbusatthADuvALE His hue is that of Neela Megam of the rainy season (karumuhiR Kaanthi). her hue is that of the molten gold (Ponnin Kaanthi). she is at the Mangai paruvam (TaruNi stage).org KOdhaiNachiyaar 106 .Parthram et al as Her beautifying marks. They adorn different pieces of exquisite jewellery (Paal vahai vevvERana aabharaNams). He is KattilankALai (SukumAra YuvA). sadagopan. They divide these beauty marks and AabharaNams unique to their own gender and compliment each other's laavaNyam. which compliment each other's soundharyam (Paraspara VilakshaNam).

The 36th slOkam containing these thoughts takes this form: A¼< te m&ÊzItmuGxmxuraedarEgR[EguRMÉt> ]IraBxe> ikm&jI. you are absolutely Supreme Goddess. 107 sadagopan. non-physical. etc.N. even for purposes of illustration. etc. angam tE mrudhu-seetha mugdha madhurOdhArai:guNai: gumbatha: KshIrAbdhE kimrujIshathAm upagathA: manyE mahArgAstatha: | Indhu: KalpalathA sudhA-madhumukhA ithyAvilAm varNanam SrIrangEswari! saantha kruthrimakaTam dhivyam vapu: nArhathi || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V. Lotus et al..org . even for a moment. but WRONG! Am I to assume. the spirituous liquor. He concludes that nothing in this world or nobody here could come anywhere near the matchless beauty of Sri RanganAyaki's ThirumEni. the nectar. We are not justified in reducing You to a simple material object made of this and that of this world. --leaving them all behind with famished husk-like bereftness.VEDANTHADESIKAN: It is permissible to visualize the birth of Sree RanganAyaki from the churning of the milky ocean at a particular point of time in the history of events. non-made. that you are artificially built up from material principles drawn from the Moon and the nectar and the like? No. Swamy Paraasara Bhattar wrestles with the futility of comparing the aprAkrutha ThirumEni of Sri RanganAyaki with prakruthic material objects of the world like Moon. the sweetness and immortality-conferment from the nectar. Now it appears that You assimilated the essence of gentle nature and coolness from the Moon. the Kalpaka creeper. Very good imaginative picturization indeed.SLOKAM 36 In the 36th SlOkam. Oh Goddess! I recall that along with you arose the Moon.tamupgta mNye mha"aRStt>. NON-PAREIL and SUI GENERIS. the intoxicating trait from the liquor. No! You are non-material. #NÊ> kLplta suxamxumuoa #Tyaivla< v[Rna< ïIr¼eZvir ! zaNtk««iÇmkw< idVy< vpunaRhRit . the liberal bounteousness from the Kalpaka creeper. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Bhattar points out that the kalpanais of poets that She is soft and cool like the Moon. What we now portrayed would amount to saying that the Moon and the like have all lent away their essential virtue to make You up.

Vaayu and AkAsam) that constitute the entities of the world. By taking artificial or prakruthic entities and squeezing the essence of them to make the akruthrima dhivya managaLa Vigraham of MahA Lakshmi is a totally erroneous approach according to Swamy ParAsara Bhattar. Sri Vatsya VeerarAghavAchAryA's VasurAsi commentary explains this inaccuracy in comparison beautifully: “--dhivyam aprAkrutham vapu: vigraha: na arhathi na uchitham bhavathi. intoxicating like Madhu (liquor). AprAkrutham is outside the reach of the pancha Bhoothams. it is neither appropriate nor effective to compare Her Soundharyam through prAkruthic references (na arhathi na uchitham bhavathi). Prakrutham also refers to the five elements (pancha bhoothams: pruthvI.Sweet and life-giving like amrutham. Rajas and Tamas (the ThriguNAs). If the well-meant intent is to suggest that Sri RanganAyaki is the essence of all of the above prAkruthic material. it is incorrect to compare her beauty to the objects of this world. Why? The dhivya MangaLa vigraham of Sri RanganAyaki (MahA Lakshmi) is not made up of portions of physical entities at all. generous boon giving nature like the KalpakA creeper are off the mark. Besides. MahA Lakshmi's vigraham (divine body) is akruthrimam (not artificial or fictitious).org 108 . AprAkrutham means outside the three guNAs. Akruthrimasya Lakshmi Vigrahasya krithrima vasthu saarathva uthprEkshaNam ayuktham ithi bhAva:” Praakrutham means the original source of the material world of three essential qualities: sathva. Appu. Therefore. sadagopan. Suddha Sathva Svaroopam. Tejas. Her incomparable beauty of limbs and samudhAya Soundharyam arises from Suddha satthva material of AprAkrutha origin. Therefore. this uthprEkshai (simile/ comparison) is not correct. it is a confused vision. MahA Lakshmi's dhivya MangaLa Vigraham (divine auspicious ThirumEni) is made up of aprAkrutha tatthvam.

Swamy ParAsara Bhattar invites us to the Sertthi MaNDapam at Srirangam on a Panguni Uttaram day and asks us to have the adhbutha sEvai of Sri RanganAyaki with Her Lord.ak…iÂt< paZvRken .c½<pköKsmanàvrimdmudar< v:mR vacamÉUim> . knkink.org . 109 sadagopan.SLOKAM 37 In the 37th slOkam. Nam Perumal and ThayAr sErtthi sEvai The slokam attempting to describe Her GambhIra sEvai is as follows: à[mdnuivixTsavasnanèm¢e à[iypiriccI.

org ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: AnugrahaparA: Sri RanganAyaki is Loka MaathA. MangaLa dEvathai (Supremely auspicious Moorthy). She appears as though She is going to overwhelm Him with Her affection to get Her way (PraNaya parichicheeshA kunjitham paarsvakEna). we cannot put into a verbal verse all that we enjoy. Her side is rather inclined in favour of Her Lord RanganAthAn. Her form. Look at Her.As a display of respect and affection (Bhaya-Bhakthi hEthubhyAM). The pose is Kunjitha Paarsvam or slightly turned towards Her Lord as if She is about to embrace Him and whisper into His ears about forgiving the trespasses of the erring child. in a mood of embracing Him. As saluted by Her Sahasra Naamams. condescending bending pose to favor the pleading and bent devotee in the front (She is not erect-headed in a spirit of unyielding. ChaNpaka Maalai around Her neck: Her hue is that of molten gold and she exudes the gentle fragrance of the just-blossoming ChaNpaka flowers that she adorns around her beautiful neck. pose. When they arrive in front of Her. She is beyond all words! sadagopan. She is bent a little. majesty and benevolence evident to us in this verse are portrayed but poorly in this verbal manner. What a majestic pose! She inherits. Loka SOka VinAsini (dispeller of the sorrows of the chEthanams). Abhayankari (One who removes the fear of those who take refuge at Her lotus feet) SubhAvahai (One who brings auspiciousness). She bends forward with affection and blesses them as the anugrahaparA (conferrer of sakala soubhAgyams).N. She is jagath Kudumbini (having the denizens of the entire world as Her Family). We have to include the freshly melted gold and the ChaNpaka Pushpam. PurushakArathvam: Her side is turned slightly towards Her Lord on her left as if she is pleading for their suffering children.V. Bhaktha gamyai (eminently reachable by Her BhakthAs). her pose is slightly tilted towards Him. Sarva Sulabhai (easily accessed by one and all). With these two references. if anything. unconcerned behavior!). the radiant effulgence of pure gold and the gentle fragrance of the just-blossoming ChampakA flower garland. we recognize 110 . look. If we wish to state the pravaram (lineage) for Her. it is in a considerate. She pleads with Her Lord to forgive our trespasses. It is a radiant and majestic pose .praNamadhanuvidhithsA vaasanA namram agrE praNayi parichicheeshA kunjitham paarsvakEna | kanaka nikasha chanjaccha champak sragsamAnapravaramidham udhAram varshma vAchAmabhUmi: || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. VEDANTHA DESIKAN We look at SrI RanganAyaki in close juxtaposition to Her Lord on His right side --say on the Panguni Uttharam uthsavam. We can only view and enjoy it. and DhAridhrya Banjini (One who banishes poverty). who worries about her erring children.

New York” 111 sadagopan.Her Oujvalyam (Radiance) and divine fragrance (Sougandhyam). “Ranganaayaki Thaayar– Pomona. Her Generosity (UdhAra SvabhAvam). nobility (Urjitham). Power to grant all the desired boons (sarvAbhIshta Prathathvam) and more auspicious attributes are suggested by Her Dhivya MangaLa vigraham and defies any through description (VaachAm agOcharam) by mere words.org .

SLOKAM 38
In the previous slOkam (37th), Swamy ParAsara Bhattar referred to the doctrines elaborated by his father (Sri KurEsar's) in his Sri Sthavam. “YasyA Mukham veekshya SARVAM CHA KURVAN HARI:” was KurEsar's mangaLAsAsanam. Sriman NaarAyaNan looks at the Thirumukha MandaLam of His PirAtti, takes the hint from there and takes care of every thing (destruction of Sins and granting of Moksham). Regarding Sri RanganAyaki's Vaibhavam being beyond the reach of one's words (VaachAm agOcharam), Kuresar says: “TaavakA: GuNA: VaachAm manasAm cha durgrahathayA khyAthA:” (Your GuNAs known for the fact that they can not be comprehended by either by Mind or speech). Bhattar echoed this sentiment with “VaachAm abhumi:” (She is beyond all words). In 38th slOkam, Bhattar describes the special sEvai of Sri RanganAyaki on the 7th day of the NavarAthri Uthsavam at her sannidhi. The slOkam is as follows:

@k< NyÂ( nit]m< mm pr< cak…Â( padaMbuj<

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mÏ(eivòrpu{frIkmÉy< ivNySy hStaMbujm! , Tva< pZyem in;eÊ;I— àitkl< kaé{ykUl»;S)arapa¼tr¼mMb ! mxur< muGx< muo< ! ibætIm! .
yEkam nyanjchya nathikshamam mama param chAkunjchya PaadhAmbujam madhyE vishtara puNDarIkAmabhayam vinyasya hasthaambhujam | thvAm pasyEma nishEdhusheem prathikalam kAruNya-kUlankashasphArApaanga tarangamambha ! madhuram mughdham mukham! BibrathIm || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
Oh my Mother! I dare describe your pose as follows: Your right foot of a lotus is kept hanging below; the left foot is kept folded on to the seat-lotus. The right palm-lotus shows us the gesture of “no fears!” Your face, the eye-glances, which are waves of graciousness dashing against one another, all are ever comforting to us. May we ever incessantly envision this enchanting sight of yours!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Sri RanganAyaki's adhiadhbhutha sEvai is described here. “YEkam paadhAmbhujam DakshiNam nyamcha prasArya param itharath Vaama PaadhAmbhujam Aakunchya thiryagithi- sEsha:” (The right foot is stretching below the Lotus on which she is seated and 112

the left foot is folded and is seen on that aasana padhmam. The lifted lower right hand is displaying the symbol of abhayam (abhaya soochakam). Her glances are filled with KaaruNyam for Her children and they dart about like waves in an ocean of DayA. Those rejuvenating glances uplift us. They are madhuram (sweet), bhOgyam (most enjoyable) and Sundaram (beautiful). Bhattar prays on all of our behalf to Her to bless us with this visvarakshaNa sEvai for all times to come (Santhatham sEvaneeya:).

Vedavalli Thaayar

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SLOKAM 39
adiyEn will now cover the 39th slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar and link it to the later anubhavam of Swamy Desikan in the many slOkams of SrI Sthuthi:

suriÉtingmaNt< viNd;IyeiNdrayaStv kmlplazài³y< padyuGmm! , vhit yÊpmdR E v E R j yNtI ihmaMÉ>PluitiÉirv nvTv< kaNtbahaNtra¦e.
Surabhitha nigamAntham vandhishI IndhirAyA: tava kamala palAsa prakriyam paahda-yugmam |

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vahathi yadupamardhai: VaijayanthI himAmbha:pluthibhiriva navathvam kaanta bAhAntharALE || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN
May I bow and worship at the lotus feet of Goddess MahA Lakshmi! Your feet are firmly placed at the top of the VedAs--that is, all the VedAs have, as their subject, the praise of Your feet as Supreme Goddess (MahA Lakshmi) only. Hence, Your feet smell with the Vedic fragrance in full. Your feet are like the lotus leaves, gentle, fresh, and very sensitive (tender). When You are seated on the chest of the Lord, You crush under Your feet, so to say, the vanamAlai garland known as Vaijayanthi. But then, Oh RanganAyaki! What a wonder! That garland acquires a new rejuvenating effect and is fresh and fragrant, cool and flourishing, as if it were fed with cool water-nutrient from your feet! What a heartening phenomenon!

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
Here Swamy ParAsara Bhattar visualizes Sri RanganAyaki as Vakshasthala Lakshmi adorning the chest of Lord RanganAthan. She rules the world from Her Lord's ThirumArbhu. She shines there like a brilliant golden lightning flash across the blue expanse of the chest of Sri RanganAthAn. She is offering darsanam to Bhattar as “BhadrapeeDE NishaNNAM” (seated on Her auspicious seat). On the chest of Her Lord dangles the Vaijayanthi Maalai made of forest flowers. Sri RanganAyaki's paadhams touch that garland and press the flowers constituting the garland. Those flowers attain then a new lustre through their sambhandham with the sacred feet of Sri RanganAyaki; this new life and added lustre for

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You both choose as the place of sport and enjoyment. Those feet are resting on the Vedas. Sri Sthuthi (The devAs saw You. The experience of Bhattar will be recalled by Swamy Desikan later in the very first slOkam of Sri Sthuthi: “Vaksha: peeDIm MadhuvijayinO: BhUshayanthIm svakAnthyA” . seated on the chest of Your Lord and worshipped You to receive Your anugrahams) 115 sadagopan.SlOkam 1 Passage. Sri Sthuthi (and He. which offer their prayers to Her. Your Lord is characterized by the marks/adayALams from the red dye of Your feet on His chest) “sEshas chittham vimala manasAm moulasya SruthInAm sampadhyanthE ViharaNa vidhou yasya sayyaa visEshA:” . the sister of Nectar. “AalOkya thvAm amrutha sahajE VISHNU VAKSHA:STHALASTHAAM” --Slokam 14 Passage.SlOkam 5 Passage. Those lotus-soft feet of Sri RanganAyaki have Veda Sambhandham as well. Her feet exude Veda parimaLam (fragrance of the vedAs). Sri Sthuthi (This MangaLAnAm-MangaLam Devi adorns the pedestal of the chest of Her Lord with Her own effulgence). Sri Sthuthi (As Divine couple. Sri Sthuthi (Whose residence is a lotus-forest or the Lord's chest) “PoorNam tEja: sphurathi Bhavathee Paadha LaakshA rasAngam” . As a result of that sambhandham. the heart lotus of blemish less seers and THE TOP PORTION OF THE VEDAAS). Swamy ParAsara Bhattar expresses his wish to prostrate before Sri RanganAyaki and worship Her sacred feet in this slOkam.SlOkam 2 Passage.org .them seems to come as it were from the sprinkling of cool waters from Sri RanganAyaki's sacred feet.SlOkam 4 Passage. “SthAnam yasyA: sarasija vanam VishNu Vakshasthalam vaa” . the bed of AdhisEshA.

Swamy Desikan elaborated thus in Sri Sthuthi the many tatthvams hinted briefly by Swamy ParAsara Bhattar in this 39th slOkam.org 116 . Sri RanganAyaki’s Parama Isvarya PradhAythvam is celebrated here. Noothanathvam and Sobhai) through contact with the sacred feet (SrI Paadha Sparsam) as though they were freshly watered with the nectarine morning dew. who is the MandhAra Garland for the head (siras) of the VedAs). Bhattar witnesses another wonder happening at the paadhAravindham of Sri RanganAyaki. What happens next? Instead of fading and falling down. In the next slOkam. VedAs perform abhivAdhanam and salutation to those sacred feet of Sri RanganAyaki seated on her Lord's chest. As the Lord moves.SlOkam 24 Passage. vigour and tEjas (Navathvam. sadagopan.“nithyAmOdhaa nigama vachasAm MouLi mandAra maalA” . Swamy ParAsara Bhattar describes the LakshmI KaDAksha Vigraha VailakshaNyam (the special glory and power of her glances). the Vijayanthi Maalai moves and dashes against the Thiruvadi of Sri RanganAyaki and gets crushed (upamardhai: sangarshai:). Her feet are “Surabhitha NigamAntham” and are “Vaasitha VedAntham” (VedA MaNam kamazhum ThiruvadigaL). those flowers of the Vaijayanthi Vana Maalai attain a new freshness. Sri Sthuthi (Thou art the fragrance incarnate.

if this is the impact of your body-color. His eyes. so to say. have had the benefit of an iota of Your eye-glance.SLOKAM 40 In the 40th SlOkam. what is one to say about and how is one to describe. the Only One. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: A wonderful vision perceived by the poetic eye is being described here: DevAs like BrahmA. rightly. He is now described by the VedAs too as the One. The 40th slOkam housing these thoughts is as follows: TvTSvIkarklavlepklu. They owe their prime position to this benefaction from you. They are all indeed haughty out of this privilege--and this is evident in their excited and bedimmed eyes. the beauty of their eyes is beyond our attempt at description. If this is the impact of your eyes (glances).N. great Kings on earth. if this be all your greatness. Nevertheless. the great force possessed by Your eye glance? 117 sadagopan. Oh Goddess. which were originally. described as black like beetles. No One else can lay claim for this distinction. Your Consort. which are like the black beetles. thvath sveekAra kalAvalEpa kalushA rAj~nAm drusO durvachA: dhrughbhyAmEva hi PuNDareekanayanam vEdhO vidhAmasa tE SaakshAlakshmi! tavAvalOk vibhava: kAkvA kayA varNyatE? || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.org nithyam thvan-madhupAna matthamadhupa SrInirbharAbhyAm Pathim | . Swamy ParAsara Bhattar salutes the power of the glances of Sri RanganAyaki. will never take out the eyes elsewhere! So mad He is after your (beautiful) Form! There is a very interesting result. hovering round Your whole body charm all through become intoxicated and lose themselves in this liquor-addiction.. to be fit to be called the red-lotus eyed Lord. He describes the effect of these auspicious glances on BrahmAdhi dEvAs in general and on Her Lord.a ra}a< †zae ÊvRca> inTy< TvNmxupanmÄmxupïIinÉRra_ya< pitm! . the eyes of the great Lord. †G_yamev ih pufrIknyn< vedae ivdamas te sa]a‘iúm ! tvavlaekivÉv kaKva kya v{yRte . This being so.V. have become red. etc. Sri RanganAthan in particular.

It is difficult to describe the beauty of their eyes resulting from the falling of Your glances on them. His eyes are like the beetles. The ChAndhOgya Upanishad Vaakyam. by the auspicious glances of grace You bestowed on them. Those red eyes of incomparable beauty are recognized as His adayALam by the VedAs (PuNDareekAkshan).V. then their eyes are filled with pride over that Bhaagyam and become agitated. The Tamil Translation of this verse by Sri RamakrisNa Iyengar refers to the bedimmed eys of the Kings swollen with pride due to being beneficiaries of those auspicious eye glances falling on them as: sadagopan. which have consumed makarandham (honey) from the flowers and dart about joyously enjoying the unparalleled beauty of the limbs of His consort. Desikan). If that were to be so.V.N. He does not take His eyes off You. And they enjoy it permanently . what are we to think of the impact of your auspicious and loving glances on Your Lord? His eyes are like a beetle.ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Oh RanganAyaki! If a small portion of Your kaDAksham falls on the kings or DevAs.org “ Nee siRithE KadaikkaNippa Nirupar KaNNkaL Nilavu-mathatthAr kalanki nilamEyalla” The impacts of those eye glances on Her Lord’s eyes are described as: “ --Pathi KaNNkaL nALum neeyAmpirasatthai paruhi matham pidittha VaNDin tEsudunE ThihazhuvathAl Avanai Vedam SenkamalkkaNNan yena therinthathaanRE?” Swamy Desikan describes in the 14th SlOkam of Sri Sthuthi: “SaapAkrAnthA: saraNamagaman saavarOdhA: SurEndrA: labdhvA BhUyasthribhuvanamidham lakshitham thvath kaDAkshai:” (The DevAs regained their Isvaryam. His eyes become red and assume the color of a fully blossomed lotus. 118 . which also grew further. “Tasya kapyAsam PuNDarIkamEvamakshaNi" is invoked here. which has drunk deep the honey of your unmatched soundharyam and is in an “intoxicated” state. OH RanganAyaki! Indescribable indeed is the power of Your auspicious dhrushti (KaNN nOkku)! The PunDareeka Nayanathvam of the Lord is linked dexterously by Bhattar to His Consort's eye glances falling on Him and He in turn being totally under the influence of their intoxicating power.Dr.

Desikan): “YasyAm YasyAm disi viharathE Devi dhrushti thvadheeyA TasyAm TasyAmahamahamikAm tanvatE SampadhOgA:” In the 16th slOkam of Sri Sthuthi. V. 119 sadagopan. Swami Desikan refers to see those worship MahA Lakshmi realize abundant Isvaryam from earth or KubErA's abode or from the skies or from the seas. slOkam 24 .org She is KalyANAnAm avikala nidhi (the inexhaustible reservoir of all shrEyas/ auspiciousness). Swamy Desikan describes how the benevolent glances of MahA Lakshmi removes all samsAric afflictions. in what ever places and directions Her glances fall and they flow with competitive zeal into an overwhelming flood--Dr. In the final verse of Sri Sthuthi.. Swamy Desikan concludes that Her glances will confer all auspiciousness at the highest level. In the 17th slOkam of Sri Sthuthi. Such is the power of Sri RanganAyaki/MahA Lakshmi's NethrOthpalam and the glances originating from those sweet and soft eyes. who hold in their hearts the sacred feet of MahA Lakshmi become emperors with vast wealth on this earth.In the 15th slOkam.N.. Swamy Desikan describes the blessed state of those. Swamy Desikan sums up the power of MahA Lakshmi’s glances conferring immense wealth. In the 21st slOkam of Sri Sthuthi.V.

it is the one that would breach all banks. Besides immersing us in that flood. it will therefore. It is the one each speak of. He says that these floods of eye-glances are of the form of Aanandham (bliss form). Swamy ParAsara Bhattar begs his Mother. wet immersion in love-flood for the devotee. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar prays for those waves to drench him. That flood soaks the devotee up to his neck and flows upstream like a dam that has opened its sluices. makes one who is walking stumble due to the non-level nature of the ground caused by ThAyAr's flood of eye-glances.SLOKAM 41 In this slOkam. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar continues with his celebration of the eye-glances of SriranganAyaki: AanNdaTmiÉrIzm¾nmd]IbalsE> AaglàemaÔErip kUlmuÖhk«pas<PlaivtaSma†zE> . Since those floods cause mounds of Isvaryam. which could engender in it a great figure such as emperor. this flood stupefies the Lord Himself like the liquor and makes Him look tired and relaxing. pÒe ! te àitibNÊbÏkilkäüaidiv:kMÉkE> @eñyaeRÌmgÌdErzr[< ma< palaya==laeiktE> .org IsvaryOtthgama gadhgadhair-asaraNam maam paalayAlOkithai: || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. It is a flood that would create a few more mounds in the path that would cause a disturbance to the walkers-by (The mounds are figurative. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Goddess (seated) on the Lotus! May the flood-stream of your eye glances flow on me. They will naturally cause stumbling to the walkers). BrahmA. Sri RanganAyaki to cast her eye-glances on him 120 . This flow is neck-deep. IndhrA and BrahmA to be born is there. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: The flood waves of Sri RanganAyaki's eye-glances and their power on devotees to Her Lord Himself is celebrated here. they imply affluence-heights. be capable of swelling the sand-mounds that we people are on the shores. AnandhathAthmabhirIsa majjana madha kshIBhAlasai: aagalaprEmArdhrairapi koolamudhvaha krupA samplAvithAsmAdhrusai: | PadhmE! tE prathibindhu Bhaddhakalika BrahmAdhi vishkambhakai: sadagopan.N.V. it drenches Her Lord Himself and drives Him to the heights of ecstasy. the potential of great kings. which makes Him somewhat stupefied. In each of the drops of joy originating from Sri RanganAyaki. etc. IndhrA. this worthless wretch! This flood that flows is virtually the solid concretization of the abstract principle called Joy.

Your Lord (Isa:) gets Thirumanjanam from those aanandha lahari (aanandha waves of eyeglances) and becomes as a result intoxicated as it were. Bhattar says: Oh Compassionate Mother! I am asaraNan (protector less). adiyEn is “RakshakAnthara. since he has no one else to protect him (asaraNam maam paalaya).Soonyan” (devoid of any One to offer me protection). AruL VeLLam of Sri RanganAyaki is thus celebrated. They are overpowering. We are soaked up to your necks in the dense flood of your affection-laden eye-glances (aagala prEmAdhrai: aakaNDam. Bhattar is overwhelmed and gives up with a prayer for the KrupA RoopiNI. Selected Sanskrit Passages of his slOkam. prEmyA preethya aardharai: sisirErapi).and bless him. Sri RanganAyaki to protect him.org . Each of these glances become like mounds of Aisvaryam and stands as obstacles (Vishkambakaa:) and makes one stumble. Here Bhattar addresses SrIranganAyaki as “PadhmE!” PadhmE stands for Padhma VaasinE or One who lives on a divine lotus. Maam Paalaya (Please protect me through directing your rejuvenating and uplifting eye glances on me!). “AanandhAthmabhi: Isa majjana madhakshIBhAlasi:” Oh PadhmAlayE! Your SvarUpam is aanandha mayam (AvaL Inba VadivAnavaL). That is the effect of the anbu VeLLam on Your Lord. 121 sadagopan.

I would fain say that the toy-. AdiyEn dreads to think of the ill effects of my speech intended to praise You and what harm they might do to Your most tender ThirumEni. We see the lotus flower in Your hands and worry whether the weight of them is too much to bear by Your slender arms. My heart throbs in fear at the very thought of it. if your attendants eagerly look at it with fond admiration. Oh Mother! I rather feel my mental contemplation on You to compose a verse would itself would affect Your form and cause a shade of strain! Oh what a pity! My hymn becomes a veritable tormentor to that sensitiveness. VEDANTHA DESIKAN Oh RanganAyaki! When we speak of Your delicate sensitive nature. faela te vnmalya hirÉuje hakòzBdaSpd< ken ïI ! ritkaemla tnuiry< vaca< ivmd›]ma . unable to sustain a praise-hymn on it? I think so! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Oh Sri RanganAyaki! How can I describe your peerless beauty? Your super-delicate body cannot put up with many strains. Your divine limbs suffer like a flower exposed to the heat of the midday Sun. as though. we would fear it would cause strain to Your body.org kEna SrI! RathikOmalA tanuriyam vaachAm vimadhakshamA || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.N.lotus head in your hand would strain your physique! The vanamAlA garland on the chest of Your Lord serves as the swing for You to enjoy --but then.V. Your form will wither. When your ladies in attendance look at your beauty with unclosed eyes. even the lotus pollen grains bruise Your soft feet. When You walk. PaadhArunthudhamEva pankajarajascchEDihrusA lOkithai: angamlAniraTAmbhA ! Saahasavidhou leelAravindhagraha: | DOlA tE vanamAlayA HaribhujE haa kashta-sabdhaAspadham sadagopan. we have to remember that even lotus pollen gains would feel rough to Your delicate feet.SLOKAM 42 With extraordinary poetic skills. We fear whether those forest flowers will bruise Your body. We lament about the hardness of the flowers of the vanamAlai garland. 122 . when You use that as an oonjal for Your sport. Bhattar visualizes the SoukumAryam (matchless beauty) of SrI RanganAyaki in this slOkam: PaadaéNtudmev p»jrjíeqIÉ&zalaeiktE> A¼MlainrwaMb ! sahsivxaE lIlarivNd¢h>. Would your all-too delicate physique suffer.

however softly worded. This is extraordinary RasAnubhavam of a great poet and Bhakthan of MahA Lakshmi. the lotus bud that You hold in Your hand sportively is a strain on Your tender hands (“ViLayADu malar sumartthal arum cheyalE”). would rub harsh on your tender ears because of their (ear's) softness. That effort is a difficult one because your athi-kOmala.org If Your parijanams look at You intensely to enjoy Your soundharyam. the ShObhai of Your limbs will fade like a flower experiencing the midday heat (vaadip pOhum). athi-soukumAra limbs cannot put up with the hardness of the flowers in the garland. My words therefore needs to be excused for their unintended harshness (VaachAm vimardha KshamA: . Bhattar beats KaaLi dAsan in his poetic skills! COMMENTS ON THE SANSKRIT WORDS CHOSEN BY BHATTAR “PaadhArundamEva Pankaja Raja:” The pollen dust from the lotus flower on which You are sitting is like a sharp thorn because your sacred feet are so tender to touch. 123 sadagopan. “chEDi bhrusa lOkithai: angamlAniraTambha sAhasa vidhou leelAravindhgraha:” “DhOlA tE VanamAlayA HaribhujE haa Kashta-sabdhAspadham” In Your dear Lord's broad chest hangs Vaijayanthi garland. My words of praise.Such is the loving affection of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar for Sri RanganAyaki that he is afraid even to praise Her lest his vaak will make Her fade like a flower under the hot rays of the Sun. As a result.“athisukumArasya SthrIVapusha: purusha-vachastavaam ayuktham ithi Bhaava:”). You like some times to use it a swing for sport. Your tanu (body) is athi-kOmalam (extremely tender and soft). MahA kavi KaaLi dAsan described in Raghu Vamsa SlOkam that the flowers falling from the trees caused so much pain to the tender body of one of the queens of Raghu Vamsam (Dileepan) that she fainted. . that dolai (swing) becomes a painful seat (aaspadham) for You.

are said to be parts of the prelude to the love-sport. even in that pre-youth state. This is also the 124 . As a result. the Lord Himself would act as tutor to you in the art of erotics. The brow raising. All the feminine features illustrate this unique state of Sri RanganAyaki. For instance. May be it is regarded as a demerit for the female in the mundane world! That stage has not yet passed off in Mother's case as yet! When You descend in the ocean of love-bliss. who has reached the full youth. The breasts have just started growing.N. But then Mother Lakshmi has then almost as natural features even in the pre-youth stage. AzhwArs are also fond of visualizing the Lord in this fashion. sUte zEzvyaEV. giving a helping hand. the AzhwAr visualizes the Lord's beauty as some where between saisavam (childhood) and Yuvan (Nithya YuvA as visualized by Vedam). ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: The enduring stage of the beauty of Sri RanganAyaki is frozen between that of a girl child (Saisavam) and a fully blossomed feminine youth (TaruNa Yuvathi).org bhOga-srOthasi kaantha-dEsika kara grahENa gaahakshama: || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V. The stage is beginning stage of Youvanam and the Saisavam has not completely left her. the smile.SLOKAM 43 In this slOkam.N.yitkrae gaÇe. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar visualizes the stage of soundharyam of SrIranganAyaki as some where between a child (saisavam) and feminine youth (Yuvathi): AamyaRdmk{qk< Stnyug< na*aip nalaeiktæUÉediSmtivæma jhit va nEsigRkTvayz> . VEDANTHADESIKAN: Your eternal state is the intermediate stage between childhood and feminine youth. would feign them. Here. permanent though.V. one should say. One of the AzhwArs describes the Lord as “ILam Kumaran” in one of the ThiruviNNagar Paasuram. a girl. her breasts are not fully developed (AamaryAdham akaNDakam Sthana Yugam). etc.u te saErÉ< Éaegöaetis kaNtdeizkkr¢ahe[ gah]m> . aamaryAdham-akaNDakam sthana-yugam naadhyApi naalOkithA bhru-bhEdha smitha vibhramaa jahathi vaa naisargikathvAyasa: | soothE Saisava-Youvana vyathikarO ghAthrEshu tE sourabham sadagopan. making You fit for immersion --when You acquire a new fragrance fit and commensurate for the amorous sport.

the breasts attain their full dimensions (“PoorNa Youvana yEva PariNama Poorthi: syAth”). He becomes Her AchAryan for Kaama kalai. Your limbs and body movements attain an unparalled fragrance as a result of Your attaining the status of BhOga Naayaki for Your Lord! 125 sadagopan. This is somewhat of a slander (apakIrthi) to the stage she really is in. Oh RanganAyakI! You at the junction of saisavam and Youvanam. His help helps Her to become fit for the KrIDA PravAha aanandham. since Her childhood has not completely left Her. Her Lord becomes Her Desikan (preceptor) in the engagement of love play: “BhOga SrOthasi Kaantha Desika:” He lends His hand as it were to swim easily in the flood of love play (Kara GrAhENa BhOga SrOthasi Kaantha: Desika: BhabhUva). Another feature of PoorNa Youvanam is that the woman displays readily the bewitching play of the movement of the brows as a prelude to amorous play with her lover. Vaathsya VeerarAghavAchArya Swamy comments in this context: “Sthana parimANa Poorthi: adhyApi na jAthEthi” (The dimensions of Her breasts have not yet attained full development).org . Sri RanganAyaki has not crossed however the stage of full blossomed Youth and yet her bending of the brow and sweet smile suggest that She has reached the stage of fully-grown woman.case of ParAnkusa Naayaki (MulayO Muzhu MuRRum pOnthila) as described by Swamy NammAzhwAr. Only during PoorNa Youvanam.

V. Sri Paraasara Bhattar elaborates on the meaning of one of the ThiruvAimozhi Paasuram passages of Swamy NammAzhwAr (TVM 10. what have I done in my folly? I am a bad sinner. AamOdhAdh-adbhuthasaali Youana-dasA vyAkOcham amlAnimath SoundaryAmrutha sEka seethaLam-idham laavaNya SoothrArpitham | sadagopan.): Aamaedat! AÑ‚tzail yaEvndza Vyakaecm AMlainmt! SaENdyaRm&t sek zItlimd< lav{y sUÇaipRtm!. according to Dr. Your hands cannot bear the toy-flower itself. in fact. the individual limb beauties and the total garland are very sensitive even to touch --why.N. knowing fully well Your extreme sensitiveness? What a bad poetry this. But.10. Oh MahA Lakshmi! You are a veritable garland in the chest of the Lord. how could I reconcile to Your playing on the rough and tough chest of the Lord? How could I dare describe You as a flower-garland on His chest. this transition! The blooming flowers emit a unique fragrance. that I have created --not taking into account your unique nature properly? May I be cursed for this! 126 .org SrI Rangeswari! kOmaLAnga Sumanas-sandharpaNam Devi ! tE KaanthOra: pathiyathnam-arhathi kavim dhingmAmakANDAkulam || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: As Swamy NammAzhwAr pointed out in ThiruvAi Mozhi 10. VedAntha Desikan (V. since they know no withering even as you know no further ageing beyond the conjunction stage between childhood and Youth.2). even as you are in the stage of passing to Youth from Childhood-eternal though. flower garland by my verbal praise? What is Your nature? Your feet cannot bear trampling on the pollen--dust even. The flowers will emit this permanently. to give the resultant total beauty called Laavanya.N. so to say. The flower --garland figured here has coolness from the sparkling of nectar from the beauties of all component organs of your physique. The flowers of the garland are in the justnow-blossoming state. even to a verbal praise (such as my verse in praise)! This garland --namely yourself --is a wonderful decoration to the Lord's chest. These individual beauties --called Soundharyaas --are all strung together in a twine. surely this! Fie upon me! Can I harm the far-toosensitive.N.2. ïIr¼eñir kaemla¼ sumnSsNdÉR[< deiv te kaNtaer> àityÆmhRit kiv— ix'!mamka{fak…lm! .10.V.V. delicate.SLOKAM 44 In this 44th Slokam. “Unn ThirumArvatthu Maalai Nangai”.

Swamy NammAzhwAr celebrates the divine fragrance of the tresses of MahA Lakshmi taking residence on the Lord's chest this way: “Unn Thiru-mArvatthu Maalai Nangai vaasam sey poonkuzhalAL”. I deserve condemnation for my poor efforts to describe Your uniqueness! 127 sadagopan. It is associated with the blossoming of Sri RanganAyaki as she lingers eternally between the state of a child and a Youth full of feminine charm. Her soundharyam achieves its unfaded peak status due to the sprinkling of the nectar her avayava sObhai (beauty of the individual limbs being at the top of their youth). How could that be? Fie on me for my poverty of imagination! I should have known that your tender feet suffer even from the brushing with the pollen dust of the lotus on which You are sitting! Your delicate hands feel the pain of lifting and holding the lotuses (leelA pushpams) on Your two upper hands! How could such a tender and delicate fit as an appropriate ornament for the hard and strong chest of Your Lord? I am thoroughly mistaken in my comparison of you to a soft garland that finds its match on the chest of Your Lord. “AamOdhAdhbhuthEna adhbhutha Sougandhya:” As a result of this dhivya gandham (fragrance). which does not ever diminish (youvana dasA vyAkOcham). Those flowers are strung together in the base string (twine) of Your LaavaNyam (beauty). Sri RangEswari! This delicate and beautiful garland (Yourself) is a magnificent and noble alankAram for the chest of Your Lord. it attains an unmatched state of excellence (adhbhuthasAli) in fragrance. “amlAnam” here stands for a bright object that is unwithered. Your laavaNyam is like a fast flowing stream that flows all over your limbs (SamudhAya avayava sObhai). this garland on the Lord's chest (Sri RanganAyaki).ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Sri Paraasara Bhattar takes himself to task for daring to describe through comparison of Sri RanganAyaki to a perfectly fitting flower garland on the chest of Her Lord. Those limbs brimming with beauty are the flowers making up the garland that is you of exquisite beauty. She Herself declares that She will not leave that seat even for a fraction of a second (ahalahillEn yenRu). What have I done now to this unique garland as a poet? I have crushed unintentionally this most delicate garland by my words stating that this garland is the most appropriate one for Your Lord's chest. That amlAna Soundharyam (beauty) is “soundhryAmrutha sEka SeethaLam”. He has second thoughts about the poorness of that simile and feels contrite. Her soundharyam has a never fading coolness like an object sprayed with nectar. the flowers (limbs) constitute the most beautiful garland (Yourself) resting on the Lord's chest.org . Strung together by Your laavaNyam. This is a permanent fragrance. She is like the most beautiful and fragrant garland on the Lord's chest. Sri RanganAyaki's Dhivya MangaLa Vigraham is described first as an exquisite flower garland of unmatched fragrance. I could not adequately express myself due to my poverty of imagination as a poet daring to describe Your uniqueness.

7. and this Bliss that You both experience is for the ultimate good of all of us that You have thought fit to confer on Him. This experience leaves Her exhausted like the flowers in the garland crushed by the enjoying bee. Sri ParAsara Bhattar celebrates here the BhOga Leelai or SambhOga VilAsam between our divine parents.beetle that the Lord is. the rasAsvAdhana chathuran (connoisseur of amorous art) enjoying the Rasa Naadi of His dear consort.SLOKAM 45 In this 45th slOkam.org thvam dEvi ! nithyam abhinandhayasE Mukundham || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. He enjoys His divine consort.N. She makes Her Lord happy for our sake.V points out that this slOkam is an elaboration of the Thirukkurahi PirAn PiLLAn's 6.V. troubles and tickles the ultimate nerves of Your emotion with the result that the flowergarland that You are. marma sprusO rasasirA vyathividhya vrutthai: KaanthOpa bhOga lalithai: lulithAnga-yashti: | pushpaavaleeva rasika bramarOpa bhukthA sadagopan. She is the PushpAvaLi or tender flower garland.N. The Lord reaches heights of bliss during such an experience. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: When You both are in amorous sport.000 padi commentary on Thiruvaimozhi paasuram (VI. the target of that enchanted bee.8): “Osintha oNNmalarAL Kozhunan…”. tramples. gets crushed and disarranged. the connoisseur-. Her emotions are strung to a high pitch as they enjoy each other intensively. pu:pav¦Iv riskæmraepÉu´a Tv< deiv ! inTymiÉnNdyse muk…Ndm! . The Lord is saluted as “Rasika Bhramaram” (Connoisseur Bee). who is the equivalent of a delicate flower. PiLLan comments: “The union of PirAtti with Her Lord makes her feel like a delicate flower garland that has been trampled by an eager bee looking for nectar:”. During this encounter. the delicate limbs of Sri RanganAyaki get crushed and she feels exhausted. Sri Paraasara Bhattar with liberty salutes SrI RanganAyaki for delighting the heart of Her Lord all the time for our benefit: mmRSp&zae rsisra VyitivXy v&ÄE> kaNtaepÉaegliltEl›uilta¼yiò> . Dr. the great Deliverer of all of us! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: PerumAL is the divine bee that is a connoisseur.V. 128 .

Bhattar comments that the name Mukundhan symbolises the One and only Salvation grantor (Moksha PradhAyakan). There. which permits unusual combination of words outside normal rules of Grammar. “Rangastala Sri Ranganaayaki Sametha Sri Ranganaathar” 129 sadagopan. This sacred name is the 518th naamam in Sri Vishnu Sahasra Naamam for which Bhattar wrote a lengthy commentary known as “Bhagavath GuNa DarpaNam”. “Mukthim+ dhadhAthi” under the grammatical rule known as PrishOdhaara. He explains that the name Mukundhan is arrived at from the union of two words.hrudhaya aanandham) for our benefit.org . Sri ParAsara Bhattar addresses the divine consort of Sri RanganAyaki as “Mukundhan” in this verse of Sri GuNa Rathna kOsam.Her Lord. Through this enjoyment. Sri RanganAyaki makes Her Lord's eyes and heart throb with Joy (nayana. It appears that there is a union here between Sri GuNa Rathnam of Sri RanganAyaki and Bhagavath GuNa DarpaNam of Lord RanganAthan.

He is known as Janaardhana. The explanation given by Swamy ParAsara Bhattar for this naamam is: “RakshAprathipakshAn janaan anapEkshO ardhayathi ithi” .Kalpala lathai to Sri RanganAthan.He is the destroyer of persons. Swamy Paraasara Bhattar the divine beauty (dhivya soundharyam) of His Mother: knkrznamu´ataq»harllaiqkami[srtulakaeiqàayEjRnadRnjIivke !.SLOKAM 46 In the 46th slOkam. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: SrI RanganAyaki is like a Sanjeevini. Her inherent beauty does not need any additional ornaments. who are 130 . The naamam “Janaarrdhanan” is the 128th Sahasra Naamam of VishNu. Kanaka rasanaa mukthaa thADtanga haara lalAdikaa-maNisara tulAkODi prAyair JanArdhana JeevikE ! | prakruthi madhuram gAthram jaagarthi mugdha-vibhUshaNai: sadagopan.[E> vlyzklEÊRGx< pu:pEí kLplta ywa . who are antagonistic. àk«itmxur< gaÇ< jagitR muGxivÉU. You are inherently very sweetly beautiful.N. pearl earrings. forehead pendant. gem-laces.org valayasakalair-dhugdham pushpaisccha kalpalathA yaTaa || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. As if one can add charm to this supreme charm of Yours. He falls under her spell. If Sri Ranganaayaki of limitless innate beauty is the life-giving creeper to JanArdhana-Rangan. Are these but sugar candy bits added to sweeten (further) the milk that Your inherent beauty is? Yes. You adorn Yourself with gold girdle-belt. beautiful blossoms on that Kalpakaa creeper. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: (As) the life-giving creeper that you are to the lord JanArdhanan. anklets etc.V. then the samudhAya soundharyam (Collective beauty) is enhanced many fold and that dhivya Soundharyam captivates the Lord. Or are they the flowers that have bloomed on the Kalpaka creeper that your charm can be figuratively pictured? Yes. pearl necklaces. When such ornaments are added by the kinkaris (servants) of the inner chamber. then the ornaments added to enhance her dhivya soundharyam are like the budding. since He destroys without expecting any outside help those. I address you this way.

she is the Rangaraja Jeevana Oushadhi. Sri RanganAyaki is recognized as “JanArdhana JeevikA”.antagonistic to BhakthAs). She is like a moolikai for Him. “Ranganaayaki Thaayar– Utsavar” 131 sadagopan. Her charm and beauty is natural (SvabhAva Ramyam) and the adorning of the beautiful jewelry (Sundara AabharaNams) makes Her appear like a Kalpaka Creeper in bloom. The aabharaNams add to Her natural beauty and enhance Her natural beauty like the sweetness of milk enriched by the addition of Sugar.org . the lifegiving creeper of Her Lord. She removes His aayAsams (fatigue/KaLaippu) and restores Him back to His erstwhile joyous state.

sadagopan. Sri RanganAthan. May be. which is too much for His Devi's KomaLAngam. the Lord wears them all lest their weight should harm your too-sensitive body You are to be spared the strain of load-bearing.org ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Swamy ParAsara Bhattar salutes Sri RanganAyaki ThAyaar with a beautiful nAmam: “Sriranga-DhAma-MaNi-Manjari”. etc.SLOKAM 47 In the 46th slOkam. SaamAnya bhOgyamapi Kosuthuba VaijaynthipanchAyudhAdhi ramaNa: svyamEva Bhibhrath | tadhbhAra-khEdhamiva tE pariharthukAma: SrIrangadhAma maNi manjari ! gaahathE thvAm || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. She is the crest jewel (rathna gucchikA) of Sriranga-dhAma Hari. The discomfort arising from adorning of heavy aabharaNams and aayudhams is referred to as “BhAra KhEdham”. He wants to spare Her any fatigue from wearing Vahana aayaasam these heavy entities. She is recognized here as the invaluable gem-assembly of Sriranga dhivya Desam. The Lord thinks about her slender and delicate frame and spares Her the burden of wearing these heavy weapons and AabharaNams. He wants to enjoy Her free of any discomfort caused by the protocol to wear these heavy AabharaNams and Aayudhams. the LakshmI SahAyan.N. Bhattar points out that the dhivya Aayudhams and the DhivyAbharaNams of the Lord are shared by Sri RanganAyaki ThAyaar Herself although the Lord out of consideration spares Her from discomfort of wearing His heavy aayudhams in view of Her delicate ThirumEni: SaamaNyÉaeGymip kaEStuÉvEjyNtIpÂayuxaid rm[> Svymev ibært! . Lord RanganAthan. 132 . tÑaroedimv te pirhtRukam> ïIr¼xammi[mÃir ! gahte Tvam! .. the five weapon-ornaments such as Chakra. Swamy Paraasara Bhattar eulogized the divine beauty (dhivya soundharyam) of His Mother. Both can wear all of them. are all common decoration ornaments for both of you. Both of them are entitled to wear them. She and Her Lord are joint owners of all the divine weapons and auspicious ornaments that the Lord Traditionally wears. the Vaijayanthi garland. In the 47th slOkam. bears the burden. As “Lakshmi Rakshakan”. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Treasure of Srirangam City! The KhousthubhA gem.V. Saranga.

and all discerning devotees too! You add a flavor to His sportive exploits. Whenever He takes a birth like this as an avathArA. AsrsmÉiv:yÚmR nawSy mat> ! drd¦drivNdaedNtkaNtaytai] !. The lustre of the broad eyes (VisAlAshi) of our Mother is compared to the special lustre of the lotus at that stage of blossoming. His births are avathArAs adopted by Himself out of His own will. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar pays tribute to our ThAyAr MahA Lakshmi in the context of Her Lord's many avathArams: yid mnujitría< lIlya tuLyv&Äe> Anujnurnuêpa deiv ! navatir:y> . What our Mother SriranganAyaki does during the avathArams of Her Lord is next described.You. She is “anapAyinI” according to VishNu PurANa Vachanam: “NithyaivaishA JaganmAthA VishNO: SrI: anapAyini”. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: The beauty of Sri RanganAyaki’s eyes is compared to the beauty of about-to-blossom lotus flower. it is a descent into the world from His Supreme Abode. She accompanies Him in a suitable form in all His avathArams to gladden His heart through Her Nithya sambhandham. yadhi manujathirascchAm leelayA thulyavrutthE: anujanuroopA Devi! naavAtharishya: | dhara-dhaLadharavindhOdantha kaanthAyathAkshi ! || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother MahA Lakshmi. If only You had not done so. The combination of the two words “NithyA and 133 sadagopan. That Mithunam (Couple) is our Object of surrender. devoid of a flavor or taste for all-. lotus in the nearest blooming stage! The Lord takes many births --not like all else by reason of Karma.org asarasamabhavishyan narma NaaTasya Maatha: . to suit a need. She never leaves Her Lord's side ever (ahalahillEn iRayum yenRu AlarmEl Mangai uRai MaarbhA).N. Your consort-.V. You too take a suitable matching avathArA. This stage of lotus is described as “Ishadh-vikasitha PuNDarIkam”.SLOKAM 48 In the 48th slOkam. He wished to weave a certain sweet sport that would please all. whose eye-charm is the only phenomenon that would be recalled by anyone perceiving. the whole sport of the Lord schemed to be enacted in the world would have been dull and dreary.

She is the inseparable companion in all states and she gladdens His heart through Her eternal presence as anapAyinI. Humans.anapAyinI” point out that are never ever separated from each other. When the DEvAs and AsurAs churned the milky ocean for nectar.Ve. Sri Vishnu PurANam celebrates this inseparable presence of MahA Lakshmi with her Lord in avathArams as well: sadagopan. S. NavalpAkkam RaamAnuja TaatAchAr Swamy quotes the PerumAL sambhAvanai manthram from TaitthIrIya BrahmaNa Manthram. Her avathArams like Her Lord's are not under the control of karma as in the case of DevAs.org RaaghavathvEabhavath SethA RukmiNI KrishNajanmani anyEshuchAvathArEshu VishNO: SriranapAyinI In RaamAvathAram. The key word has been identified by the NavalpAkkam Swamy as “SamujjAnayE”. Mutthu Bhattar quotes in the recent special issue of HayagrIva PriyA Journal on Sri Tatthvam a passage relating to Sri Devi's avathAra rahasyam: BhrugO: khyAthyAm Samuthpanna Sripooravamudhathou puna: Deva Dhanava yathnEna prasoothAmrutha amndhanE Yath yatha jagath swami devadevo janaardhana: Avathaaram karOthyashaa tathaa sristathsahaayinI --Sri VaikAnasa ArchanA NavanItham: 5. She incarnated as RukmiNI. In all avathArAs of Her Lord. In this slOkam. ParAsara Bhattar dwells on the avathAra rahasyam of the Lord elaborated by BhagavAn in His GithOpanishad and goes on further to reveal the avathAra Rahasyam of PirAtti. VaikAnasa Aagama expert. Archai and AntharyAmi. Dr. He quotes the Saayana BhAshyam for this important word: “sushtu maadhyanthI HrushyanthI LAKSHMYAAKHYAA jaayA yasyAsou SAMUJJAANI: Tasmai”. These avathArams are because of their own Sankalpam. They are together in the states of Param. in KrishNAvathAram. Vibhavam. Sri U. RukmiNi during KrishNAvathAram). she was born again as Sri 134 . For the greatest of the Lord.bruhatthE VishNO Sumathim BhajAmAhE”.28 & 29 (MEANING): She was born as a result of Bhrugu Maharishi first and took on the name of BhArgavI. The Lord Himself reminds us of this tatthvam: “Mama SarvAthmabhUthasya NithyaivashA anapAyinI”. PerumAL and PirAtti are “Nithya Yukthars” (always United). She takes the appropriate forms in each of His avathArams (SeethA during RaamAvathAram. VyUham. She took the avathAram of SeethA Devi. animals and plants. Therefore MandOdhari saluted MahA Lakshmi (Sithaa PirAtti) as “Nithya SrI”. She takes an anuroopam and the Lord is never without Her presence. Portion of the Manthram is: “SamujjAnayE VishNavE dhadhAsathi-. Swamy Desikan salutes this union as “NithyAnapAya Dhvandhvathvam”.

His consort will incarnate as Deva SthrI.org . MahA Lakshmi. If PerumAL incarnates as a human. Dr. Sri Devi also takes an appropriate avathAram to be near Him as Saha DharmachAriNI. PerumAL -PirAtti sambhandham is thus inseparable and well matched.Devi. Mutthu Bhattar quotes another slOkam in this context: dEvathvE dEvathEhEyam manushyathvE cha MaanushI punasccha Padma sambhUthA AaddhithYabhUth YathA Hari: (MEANING): If PerumAl incarnates as a Devan. “Madhyarangam Ranganaayaki Thaayar– Karnataka” 135 sadagopan. Whenever the Lord of the Universe takes on an avathAram. she will take an anuroopam as a human lady.

amrutha MaTanam is taken as an example here to illustrate how the Divine Consort of the Lord helps Him during KoormAvathAram intended for helping with the churning of the milky ocean with Vaasuki as the rope and Mandra malai as the Churning rod: SoiltkqkmaLyEdaeRiÉRriBx<murare> Égvit ! dixmaw< mWnt> ïaiNtzaNTyE . You soaked the Lord in Your moon-ray like nectarine coolness and drove away His fatigue . He would not have any aayAsam (Fatigue) from that monumental effort. KshIrArNavam (Milky Ocean) was like the 136 .SLOKAM 49 In the 49th slOkam. since He is BhagavAn (ShADguNuya ParipoorNan). Even with that certainty. æmdm&ttr¼avtRt> àaÊrais> iSmtnynsuxaiÉiSsÂtI ciNÔkev .No Wonder you are known as Amrutha SahajA (PeNNamuthu) as a result! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: The Lord's KaDakam. Maalikais and Maalyams slipped away from His limbs as He churned the milky Ocean with both hands. you drove away Your Lord's exertions. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar pays tribute to Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr as the MahA Lakshmi. That is how we view the scene! He churned the milky ocean like those churning milk in a clay pot with a wooden churning rod to bring out the butter. In the context of Her Lord's many avathArams. who through Her smile and glances reduced the fatigue of the Lord during His efforts to churn the milky ocean to release Amrutham. Oh MahA LakshmI! You arose from a whirlpool (Suzhi) in the middle of the Ocean to give Him relief from His exertions as it were! With Your captivating smile and auspicious glances. if He did not show the aspects of exertion as revealed by His AbharaNams and flower garlands slipping from His limbs. Valayam. His sport would not have given Him satisfaction. sadagopan.org skalitha kaDaka maalyai: dhOrbhiraBdhim MurArE: Bhagavathi ! dadhimATam maTnatha:ShrAnthi Saanthyai: | Brahmadhamrutha taranga aavarthatha: prAthurAsI smitha nayana sudhAbhi: simchathI ChandrikEva | MEANING: Oh Bhagavathi! Oh RanganAyakI of Six auspicious attributes (ShADguNya paripoornai)! Your Lord churned the milky ocean one day. Only the dimensions of the operation were different in His case.

Indra is blessed by Her and he recovers his Isvaryam and eulogizes Her in Indra Sri Sthuthi. SaakshAth Sri Devi. Like nectarine waves.7. the Lord Himself took over the churning: maTayamAnAtthtaTA sindhO: DevAsura varUTapai: yadha SudhA na jaayathE nirmamanTAjitha: Svyam -. MahA Lakshmi. Finally.8 (MEANING): Thus appeared before all. Then MahA Lakshmi appeared (prAdhurAsi) to chase away the ShrAnthi of the Lord and to produce ShAnthi. the supremely effulgent SthrI Rathnam. That led to amrutha maTanam described in the 8th Canto of Srimadh BhAgavatham. Kousthubha rathnam.BhAgavatham : 8. Her Thirumanjanam and alankAram are described by Swamy Desikan (Sri Sthuthi: agrE Bharthu:) and Srimath BhAgavatham. Indran. this SlOkam of Bhattar pays tribute to the Sriranga Dhampathis as Chandran and his rays (Chandra-ChandrikA). MahA LakshmI arose out of the milky ocean illuminating all directions with her luster. Kalpaka Vruksham. She were like a creeper of lighting flashing through the directions: tathascchAvirabhUth sakshAcchchIramA Bhagavathparaa ranjayanthi disa: kaanthyA vidhyuthsoudhAmani yaTA ---Bhaagavatham: 8. which are inseparable. She appeared from the Milky Ocean and had limitless affection and love for BhagavAn. He Himself took over the churning. who is MahA Lakshmi just like a creeper of lightning illumining all directions. those smiles and glances of MahA Lakshmi soaked the Lord. approached the Lord for help thru BrahmA for restoration of that lost wealth. while the DevAs got just nectar. Just as Srimath RaamAyaNam described the inseparability of the Lord and His PirAtti as “BhAskarENa PrabhA yatha”.8.org .16 Our Lord is saluted here as Ajithan. After the DevAs and the asuraas gave up their efforts. This she accomplished effortlessly with Her Smitha-nayanasudhAbhi: (With her waves of nectarine glances and smiles -manthahAsam). Many auspicious things came out of His effort (e. 137 sadagopan.dhadhi that was churned to release Nectar. IrAvadham et al. His ultimate reward was the PeNNamudhu. (Suryan and its effulgence). He was acting as though He was fatigued from the effort.): KaamdhEnu.g. who lost all his Isvaryam due to the curse of Sage DhurvAsar. One who is not conquered by anyone. comforted Him and energized Him to complete His self-appointed task.

org Adhi Thiruvarangam Ranganaayaki Thaayar with Perumal 138 . sadagopan. JayAkya Samhithai attests further to the inseparability of this divine couple this way: Sooryasya RasmayO yathvAth OormayasyachAmbhudhErivaa Sarvaisvarya PrabhAvEna Kamalaa SrI TEstathA (MEANING): MahAlakshmi stays united with Her Lord.One of the PaancharAthra Samhithais. Sriya: Pathi in an inseparable manner just as the rasmi (lustre) of Sooryan is inseparable from it and just as the waves are inseparable form the Ocean.

Swamy KurEsar's Sri Sthavm and Swamy Alavandhaar's ChathusslOki. AchArya RaamAnujA started his SaraNAgathi Gadhyam with the salutation to the abhimadha. The 50th slOkam of Sri GuNa Rathna kOsam is as follows: MaatmERiwil ! ra]sISTviy tdEvaÔaRpraxaSTvya r]NTya pvnaTmja‘xutra ramSy gaeóI k«ta . Swamy Desikan deals at great length on the SaraNAgathis of VibhishaNan and KaakAsuran in his Sri Sookthi known as “Abhaya PradhAna Saaram”. Maathar-Mythili! RaakshasIs-thvayi tadhaiva-ardhrapardhAs-thvyaa RakshanthyA PavanAthmajaallaghutharaa Raamasya GhOshti kruthA | Kaakam tamcha VibhIshaNam SaraNamithi-ukthikshamou rakshatha: Saa na: saandhramahAgasas-sukhayathu KshAnthis-tavAkasmikI || Here Swamy ParAsara Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as “Maathar-Mythili”.Svaroopa-GuNa -Vibhava-Isvarya-SeelA aspects of Sri RanganAyaki and concluded the first choorNikai with Prapatthi to Her: “akhila jaganmAtharam. In the 50th slOkam.org . Swamy ParAsara Bhattar elaborates on the doctrines housed in AchArya RaamAnujA's SaraNAgathi Gadhyam (first choorNikai). anuroopa Roopa. You were kidnapped by RaavaNan and he incarcerated you in AshOka Vanam and put ugly and cruel Raakshasis 139 sadagopan. The effectiveness of Thrijadai's SaraNAgathi to SeethA PirAtti is used an example here.SLOKAM 50 The 50th slOkam is the beginning of a set of slOkams through which Swamy ParAsara Bhattar instructs us that MahA Lakshmi is the UpAyam (Means for Moksham). In these slOkams as elsewhere in Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar points out that Her “UkthyA kshamou” was superior to Her Lord's SaraNAgatha RakshaNam in the case of VibhishaNaazhwaan and KaakAsuran. UpEyam (the Goal. Oh My Mother Mythili! You are my nirupAdhika (Unconditional) Janani (Mother)! You took on the incarnation of SitA to accompany Your Lord during RaamAvathAram.[< zr[imTyui´]maE r]t> sa n> saNÔmhags> suoytu ]aiNtStva==kiSmkI . She as Bhagavathi has Thulya SeelA (equal in auspicious features in every aspect with Her Lord. asaraNya-saraNyAM ananya-saraNa: SaraNam aham prapadhyE”. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar pays tribute to Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr as the SaranAgatha Rakshaki. the Lakshyam and PrApyam) and that she is a Vibhu like Her Lord. kak< t< c ivÉI. the BhagavAn).

She has the full power to protect us from the great harm that is ahead of us. Now the scene shifts from Sundara KaaNDam to Yuddha KaaNDam. She woke up from her dream and counseled her fellow raakshasis to save themselves from the wrath of Lord Raamachandran by performing SaraNAgathi at the sacred feet of SitA PirAtti: tadhalam krUravAkyairva: saanthamEva abhidhIyathAm abhiyAchAma VidhEhimEdadhi mama rOchathE ---Sundara KaaNDam. has another opportunity to witness the greatness of SitA PirAtti. I for my part would surely make short work of all these 140 . He argued that all of the RaakshasIs deserve to be killed: imAsthu khalu RaakshasyO yadhi thvamanumanyE hanthumicchAmi thaa: sarvA yaabhisthvam tarjithA purA --Sri ValmIki RaamAyaNam: Yuddha KaaNDam: 113.57 (MEANING): If we pray to SitA PirAtti and seek Her refuge and protection. Srimath RaamAyaNam : 27. They tormented you and committed so many apachArams and goaded you to marry their king. Let us beg SitA Devi to protect us from Her Lord's anger. She had a dream in which she saw Raavanan being destroyed by Lord Ramachandran and His retinue of Monkeys and bears.org Alameshaa parithrAthum RaakshasyO mahathO BhayAth --Sundara KaaNDam. Among all the Raakshasis was one by the name Thrijadai. Their HanumAn saw all the Raakshasis. RaavaNan. He pointed out that the demonesses have no repentance over the treatment they meted out to SitA PirAtti in their role as her jailors. HanumAn had rushed to SitA Devi's side to let Her know that the destruction of RavANan at the hands of Her Lord had taken place. HanumAn was mighty mad and sought the permission of SitA PirAtti to destroy those RaakshasIs.as Your guards. She will not be angry at us anymore. The place was AshOka Vanam in Lankai.30 (MEANING): Oh SitA PirAtti! “If you permit me. who was the daughter of VibhIshaNan. who had committed the offense of causing pain to SitA Devi. who had witnessed the maltreatment of SitA DEvi by the Raakshasis. Srimath RaamAyaNam : 27. HanumAn was witness to these statements by Thrijadai counseling Prapatthi at the feet of SitA PirAtti. PraNipAtha prasannA hi MaithilI JanakAthmajA sadagopan. The time was after RavaNa samhAram. This is the only appropriate thing to do. The same HanumAn.54 (MEANING): Oh RaakshasIs! Enough of your threatening words to SitA Devi! Please speak to her with humility from now on.

45 (MEANING): “Compassion should by a noble soul towards sinners as well for the good. SitA PirAtti counseled HanumAn against such rash deeds with these very famous words: paapAnAm vaa SubhAnAm vaa vadhArhaNamaTApi vaa Kaaryam kaaruNyamAryENa na kascchinnaparAdhyathi --Sri VaalmIki RaamAyaNam : Yuddha KaaNDam:113. The most merciful SaraNAgatha rakshaki. You match His anantha KalyANa GuNams in all aspects. SaraNAgatha Vaathsalyam and Rakshakathvam: yukthA Raamasya bhavathI dharmapathnI GUNAANVITHAA pathisamdisa maam Devi gamishyE yathra Raaghava: --Yuddha KaaNDam : 113. the scholar in Nava VyAkaraNam answers SitA PirAtti appropriately and praises Her as the Consort worthy of the Lord in being the abode of GuNa Rathnams including DayA. if they seek protection. and continue to perpetrate sins”.notorious RaakshasIs. even for those deserving death. by whom you have been intimidated in the past”. There is none who never commits a wrong” In the next slOkam.org --Yuddha KaaNDam: 113.48 (MEANING): Oh Maathar Mythili! Jagan MaathA! Thou art indeed the perfect match for Your great husband as a dharma pathni. She implies that they should be saved. 141 sadagopan. nay. HanumAn.46 . Please give me a message to take back to Your Lord! HanumAn understands the power of the earlier appeal of Thrijadai on behalf of the offending Raakshasis to SitA Devi. who revel in genocide. The most merciful Mother remembered that appeal and protected the Raakshasis. SitA PirAtti goes one step further to reveal Her DayA Svaroopam: lOka-himsA-vihArANAm krUrANAm paapakarmaNAm kurvathAmapi paapAni naiva kaaryamasObhanam (MEANING): “No evil should be done even to those cruel men of sinful deeds.

who remind of Him of this sambhandham (as Jaanaki Kaanthan) as special people (antha: pura janam).N. serve Him.org MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. today. as Your Consort. Your people. He will consider such bhakthAs as PeNN VeettukkArarkaL and treat them with special affection. Matharlakshmi! yaTaiva MyTilijanastEnAdhvanA tE vayam thvaddhAsyaika-rasAbhimAna-subhagair-bhaavairihaamuthra cha | jAmAthA DayithastavEthi BhavathI sambhnadha-dhrushtyA Harim pasyEma prathiyAma yaama cha paricharAn prahrushyEma cha || sadagopan. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother MahA LakshmI! Even as the citizens of MiTilA looked on. He says that he will look at the Lord. so to say. we revere Him.ALL of the above as Your Consort. even as the son-in-law of PeriyAzhwAr. Sree RaamA. that way. Sri RanganAyaki! That way is our joy! EXTENDED COMMENTS: Here. we serve Him -.all to You. we love Him. we would cherish --here and in Sri Vaikuntam too -.SLOKAM 51 matl›iúm ! ywEv mEiwljnStenaXvna te vy< TvÎaSyEkrsaiÉmansuÉgEÉaRvEirhamuÇ c. He is thrilled over His Sambhandham with MahA Lakshmi (SitA PirAtti in RaamAvathAram) and treats the BhakthAs. jamata diytStveit Évits<bNx†ò(a hir— pZyem àityam yam c prIcaran! àù:yem c .V. surrender unto You and a service to You-.a view of the Lord as Your consort. our MaappiLLai and PeriyAzhwAr's MaappiLLai. perform prapatthi at His Thiruvadi and be soaked in the bliss of that anubhavams. Your subjects truly. Bhattar says here that all he wishes for in this world is to enjoy the aanandham of serving Sri RanganAyaki as he would at Nithya vibhUthi. loved and respected. since we have a relation to the Lord through You.). look on SrI RanganAthA on the basis of His connection with You (i. ParAsara Bhattar categorically states that his connection to Sri RanganAthaa is through Sri RanganAyaki alone. He being our son-in-law. think about Him. we.e. Those dear bhakthAs delight Him by addressing Him as Azhagiya MaNavALan. Bhattar points out that Sri RanganAthan will have a special place in His heart for him and others who recognize Him only as the consort of Sri RanganAyaki. only in the context of the Lord being the Consort of Sri RanganAyaki. and as the son-in-law of King Janaka. That is how He earns a denomination as RamyajAmAthA! As such. so to say. who 142 .

Isvaryams are thus celebrated and Sri RanganAyakan gets elevated through His Sambhandham with Her. Roopa. We are indeed MyTili Janam. We are blessed to belong to You and gain this distinction through You. If that were to be so.will receive His special anugraham and krupai. Your Lord and our son-in-law. MahA LakshmI! The citizens of MiTilA nagaram consider you as their own and cherish their sambhandham with you. how can anyone attribute aNuthvam and JeevakOti pravishtathvam to you? Like his father. We at Srirangam feel the same way: “vayamapi SveeyA:” (We are also Your own). We therefore have mukhya preethi for You even while we perform Kaimkaryams for Your Lord in the context of His special position as YOUR consort and YengaL ahatthu MaappiLLai (Bhagavath KaimkaryEpi Thvath Kaimkarya Buddhi:). Oh Our Mother. He was the son-in-law of King Janaka and PeriyAzhwAr. GuNa. Vinaitheerkkum Thaayaar– Thiruchcherai 143 sadagopan. Azhagiya MaNavALan considers Himself Dhanyan because of being the object of Your kaDAksham.org “Thaamm DevadEva MahishIm SRIYAM AasrayAma:” . our MappiLLai through Your sambhandham). “Thvath Priya Ithi cha Sri RangarAjam vayam upacharAma:” (we will offer Him reverence and serve Him because He is Your Lord. Our Kimkara vrutthi to Your Lord is propelled by the thought that He is our family's son-in-law. Bhattar performs SaraNAgathi to Sri RanganAyaki: Sri RanganAyaki's Svaroopa.

for which You would employ Your enticing impact. But you always intercede. -. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar focuses further on the Vaathsalyam of SrI RanganAyaki for Her erring children and the special efforts She takes to influence Her Lord positively in favor of Her/Their children: iptev TvTàeyan! jnin ! pirpU[aRgis jne ihtöaetaev&Åya Évit c kdaict! klu. love-play etc. as it is the order of the worldly things. argue on our behalf.org kimEthath nirdhOsha: ka iha jagathIthi thvamuchithai: upAyair vismArya svajanayasi MaathA tadhasi na: || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. Your Consort.SLOKAM 52 In the 52nd slOkam. To understand PurushakArathvam of Periya PirAtti.> k #h jgtIit TvmuictE> %payEivRSmayR Svjnyis mata tdis n> .xI> . and. ikmett! indaeR. A father ought to do it.V. Lord RanganAthA has a tendency to be harsh on (towards) us under certain circumstances. 144 . It is indeed your perspective on things (as well).which is all in the nature of any worldly mother. when necessary question Him “Who in the world is free from some occasional error? After all. pithEva thvath prEyAn Janani! paripoorNAgasi janE hitha srOthO vruthyA bhavathi cha kadAchith kalushadhI: | sadagopan. Yes. For. even if it were in our own interest. you are our Mother indeed! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: This and the previous slOkam suggest that the PurushakAram (intercession and pleading for us with Her Lord) arises directly out of our ThAyAr's great affection (vaathsalyam) for us in spite of the many transgressions by us of Her Consort's Saasthrams. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother! This view is not merely our personal view. to err is human!” Not only that: You would even conspire to make Him forget our transgressions. we have to understand the Dhvaya ManthrAdhikAram of SrImath Rahasya Thraya Saaram.N.

10. Through Her natural Motherly instincts.Swamy Desikan quotes here a slOkam of Swamy AruLALa PerumAL EmperumAnAr: AakAriNasthu vij~nAnam Aakaara Jn~Ana poorvakam tEnAkAram SRIYAN Jn~AthvA jn~AthavyO BhagavAn Hari: (MEANING): Only after understanding the attributes (VisEshaNam) of a vasthu. reduces the anger of Her Lord and enhances his “sahaja KaaruNyam” in Her role as the affectionate and caring Mother (Maathruthva Vaathsalyam). 145 sadagopan. VisEshaNam is a word or a tatthvam that qualifies or defines another and is recognized as an adjective or a distinguishing attribute. Sri Devi and is totally under her influence. Among these. Swamy Desikan proceeds thereafter to derive the six meanings of SrI Sabdham and connects them to Her PurushakAra anugraham as per PaancharAthra Saasthram.8: “Alli Malar MakaL BhOga-mayakkuhaL aahiyum niRkum AmmAn” (MEANING): Our Lord is enchanted by the BhOga anubhavam of His consort. These six meanings are indicated in the following pramANam: THE SIX MEANINGS OF THE WORD SRI: These six aspects of SrI sabdham are: (1) SrIyathE (2) SrayathE (3) SruNOthi (4) SrAvayathi (5) SruNAthi (6) SrINAthi. Swamy Desikan has blessed us with upadEsams on PurushakArathvam and Prapatthi doctrines in His SrI Sookthi NikshEpa Rakshai. That the Lord is totally under her bhOgaanubhavam is referred to by Swamy NammAzhwAr in ThiruvAimozhi 3. She also charms her husband with Her Bhogams and reduces His anger at the erring chEthanams and serves as the PurushakAra BhUthai. we can understand BhagavAn only after understanding His pradhAna VisEshaNam. She intercedes on our behalf. the two aspects of her anugraham (SrIyathE and SrayathE). we can begin to understand the vasthu. PirAtti. She questions Her Lord: “Is there a chEthanam that has not erred?” As she stated in SithAvathAram: “na kascchinnAparAdhyathi”. She saves us from the Lord's anger and prepares us to become the objects of His grace and stays in the UpEya Sthaanam at the time of the jeevan's enactment of the anushtAnam of SaraNAgathi. These two aspects are close to the PurushakArathvam of our Mother. Therefore. She as PurushakAra BhUthai pleads with Him to reduce Her Lord's anger at the erring jeevans and also uses her infinite charm to achieve the same goal.org SruNAthi nikhilAN dhOshAn SrINAthi cha guNair-jagath SreeyathE chAkhilairnithyam SrayathE cha param padham Srayantheem SriyamANam cha SruNathIm SruNvathImapi .

who suffered so much on our behalves and condemns those. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother! You are the perennial companion to the Great Lord and Master-Controller of the whole Universe .V. the undeserving wretched ones: netuinRTyshaiynI jnin ! nöatu< TvmÇagta laeke TvNmihmavbaexbixre àaÝa ivmd¡ bhu . Swamy Paraasara Bhattar visualizes SrI RanganAyaki ThAyAr as SitA PirAtti. ignorant of Your greatness and totally blind and deaf to all that You are doing for their sake. niRai karuNaiyodu ThAyE ! Neevir koNda neRi kadantha sutanthiramum ninthai seyvOm ! 146 .SLOKAM 53 In the 53rd and the 54th slOkam. who are ignorant of this.. who cannot and will not comprehend Her Vaathsalyam and Compassion for us. rocky and thorny earth. ungrateful wretches (of this world).N. i¬ò< ¢avsu maltIm&Êpd< ivið:y vasae vne jatae ixk! ké[a< ixgStu yuvyaeSSvatNÈymTy»‚zm! . curse is on those virtues of yours! Fie on them! I hate them! Because it is they that make you undergo (such) ordeals for the undeserving. nEtur nithyasahAyinI janani ! nastrAtum tvamatrAgatA sadagopan. Then. what a pity You do it for the beings of this world. ADDITIONAL GENERAL COMMENTS ON THIS SLOKAM: Thirumalai NallAn RaamakrishNa IyengAr summarizes the heart of this slOkam this way: iRaiyOnuku yeNNALum thuNaivi ! ….You take birth in this world (along with Him) only to rescue all of us. poor souls. You may contend that you did all these out of the Divine Grace and proverbial independence that you both wield. lived in isolation in the island (Lanka) and suffered separation from Your dear One.org lOkE tvanmahimAvabOdhabadhirE prAptA vimardam bahu | klishtam grAvasu malatImrudupadam vislishya vAsO vane jAtO dhik karuNAm dhigastu yuvayO: svAtantryamatyankusam || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. I grieve over all this.intha lOkatthu yemmai yErkka vanthu Nee padum paadenna? …. You walked on rough.

COMMENTS ON THE FIRST PAADHAM OF THE SLOKAM: “nEtu:” at the beginning of this slOkam refers to her Lord RanganAthan. who is the controller. He is saluted here as the transcendent and adorable Master of the Universe and as the Supreme Lord of Lords and the Supreme Ruler of this Universe. She helps as the means and goals for the chEthanams to gain Moksha siddhi. You have incarnated and undergone unbearable sufferings.The moving passage here is: “yemmai yERkka vanthu nee padum paadu enna?” (For saving us through the act of SaraNAgathi. the embodiment of Kshamaa (forbearance) put up with these for the sake of showing us the dhaarmic way. “Dhig” is a Sanskrit expression for condemnation of anything that disgusts one (Fie on that!). She undergoes a lot of sufferings. He is the “nEthu” as visualized by SvEtasvatAra Upanishad (6. which made her undergo sufferings such as walking with Her Lord in the rough forests full of thorny paths. She is SarvalOka Janani . When we think of those sufferings that you voluntarily underwent. Out of Her immense Mercy (KaruNai) and independence (SvAtantryam). She is JananI and has incarnated on this earth for our protection and salvation (Na: thrAthum athra aagathA). separation form Her husband due to the cruelty of an ayOgyan and mahA paapi like Raavanan and the anguish of separation form Her Lord at AshOka Vanam. They conceal their Divinity and act as though they were mortals to show (to act out) the righteous way.She has Jagath. She takes avathArams befitting His roopams during His avathArams (Roopa Anuroopam). niyanthA (commander). She is the “Nithya sahAyini” of this “nEthu” and helps Him as His permanent sahadharma-chariNi. Swamy Bhattar is angry over these central incidents of RaamAvathAram and the sufferings of Jaanaki MaathA and gives vent to his anger over those agonies. he flies into a rage and condemns the two guNams of Her (KaruNai and SvAtantryam).KaaraNa sambhandham 147 sadagopan. Once for condemning the KaruNA guNam and next for condemning the SvAtantryam (independence). This is the ninthai that SrI Ramakrishna Iyengar is referring to. When Swamy ParAsara Bhattar thinks about the sufferings of Jaanaki MaathA during RaamavathAram. This is in conformity with her and Her Lord's avathAra rahasyams.org . Swamy ParAsara Bhattar is so overwhelmed by the thought of the indignations that SitA PirAtti suffered that He uses “Dhig” twice. I am driven to despair and anger and makes me shout.7): “Pathim PathInAm Paramam parasthAdhvidhAma dEvam BhuvanEsamIDyam”. These sufferings piled up one over the other and our SitA Devi. “Fie on these GuNAs” that drove you to bear these sufferings. which made Her put up will all these sufferings for our upliftment (Ujjeevanam).

Those were her sufferings during RaamAvathAram. HanumAn describes Her sufferings aptly in Sundara KaaNDam. there are many. She banishes all Bhagavadh-anubhava virOdhis and assures Moksham.org COMMENTS ON THE THIRD LINE: “Klishtam grAvasu mAalati-mrudu-padam vislishya vAsO vanE (jAtO)” “Klishtam” refers to distress connected with sufferings and pain. Therefore. when he sees Her first in Her desperate state at AsOka Vanam: maanyA guru-vinIthasya Lakshmanasya GurupriyA yadhi SeethAapi dukh:rtthA KAALO HI DHURADHIKRAMA: (MEANING): What other evidence does one need to recognize the power of kaala gathi than seeing SeethA --the object of worship of LakshmaNan known for his reverence for the bhAgavathAs and the dear wife of SrI Ramachandran--undergoing such sufferings at LankA? She put up with the threats of the raakshasis and at one time wanted to end Her life out of loneliness and separation from Her dearest husband (SrEyO mE jeevithAn-marthum vihInAya MahAthmana:/ Sundara KaaNdam: 26.45). where the haughty RaavaNan tormented her with His advances. They do not have the capabilities that result as a result of SadAchArya KaDAksham. That is the purpose of her incarnation to bless us and protect us (na: ThrAthum aagathA). Srushti itself has been described as a result of Her DayA: “KaraNa KaLEbarai: ghaDayithum DayamAnamanA”. What are those distresses or torments suffered by SitA PirAtti? She walked on rough. Her creeper soft feet were torn by the gravels and thorns. who do not comprehend Your greatness (mahimai) and are like the deaf and blind in this respect. she is Janani. COMMENTS ON THE FOURTH LINE: “(jAtO) dhik! karuNAm dhik asthu yuvayO: svAtantryamatyankusam” Your KaruNai and SvAtantryam are behind putting up all these sufferings to show the 148 . She suffered from the separation from Her Lord as a result of the abduction by the evil RaavaNan. In this matter they are like “Badhira:” or the BadhirAndha: (deaf and blind). She spent her solitary days in the AsOka Vanam. sadagopan.(equal role in the creation of this universe with Her Lord). “AvabhOdhanam” is perception or right judgment based on clear comprehension of a subject. COMMENTS ON THE SECOND LINE: “lOke thvan-MahimA-avaBOdha-BadhirE prAptA vimardham bahu:” In this world. gravelly and thorny paths of the forests with Her Lord. PirAtti's MahimA avabOdhanam is beyond many unfortunate ones.

Both these associated misfortunes as well as the unique ones experienced by SitA PirAtti enrage Swamy ParAsara Bhattar and he curses the svAbhAvika GuNams (KaruNai and SvAtantryam) of PirAtti for being the root causes of Her sufferings. but underwent every suffering including raajya Bramsam. exile to the forest was ordered for Me. You are also a Dharma moorthy and karuNAvaruNAlayam matching in every way with Your Lord.2) nattil piRanthu padaathana pattu manisarkkA naatai naliyum arakkarai naadi tadinthittu naatai aLitthu uyyac-cheythu nadanthamai kEttumE The Lord was born in manushya yOni and suffered garbha vaasam like a mortal for twelve months.org . Such indeed is my durbhAgyam (alakshmI) that can consume fire itself (that consumes all). vana vaasam and separation from her dear One. Such is Bhattar's bhakthi for SrI RanganAyaki. All this is for the sake of the ungrateful humans. SitA has also been lost. Even Lord Ramachandra talks about the untold sufferings that He went through out of His own sankalpam in AaraNya KaaNDam (Chapter 67 slOkam 24): raajyam bhrashtam vanE vaasa: SitA nashtaa mruthO dhvija: idhrusIyam mama-alakshmI nirdahEdhapi hi paavakam (MEANING): My kingdom is lost. SithA Devi did not undergo garbha vaasam like Her Lord.5. ParAsara Bhattar has in mind the famous Paasuram of Swamy NammaAzwar (Thiruvaimozhi: VII-. which are the root cause of Your sufferings. If you underwent these unimaginable sufferings for the sake of the wretched and worthless. went to forest to fulfill His promise to His father with His young bride and suffered untold sufferings (padAthana pattu) for the sake of the ungrateful janams (sey nanRi aRiyAtha Maanidams). who have no comprehension of what you want for them. He saved the world and gave salvation to all those Maanidams. rejected raajyam. condemnation be on those guNAs of Yours. His Mother! 149 sadagopan. who are incapable of understanding her and her Lord's Vaibhavam. My dear friend JatAyu (My dear friend in the forest) has died.righteous way of Your Lord (RaamO VigrahavAn Dharma:).

abdhi-bhandhana. ParAsara Bhattar addresses SrIranganAyaki here as just like in the Upanishads.V. Bhattar lists a variety sayana. He says that the order does not stick to any kramam (Time sequence) and is all over the place. tann-maTana. raksha: kabandha nartana” Vatsya VeerarAghavAcchAr swamy comments about the order of the above deeds. when He imagines that His only duty is to please every one of Your mental fancies? ADDITIONAL COMMENTS In the context of MyTili (adhI MyTili. when (it became) necessary. MahA Lakshmi). Swamy Paraasara Bhattar continues to pay his tribute to SrI RanganAyaki ThAyAr during Her avathAram as SitA PirAtti to accompany the Lord during His RamAvathAram. adhi-sayithavAn abdhim NaaTO mamanTa babandha tam Hara-dhanur-asou vallIbhanjam Babanja cha MyTili sadagopan. “adhIhi BhagavO BrahmEthi”). He points out that Her Lord will do anything to please Her: AixziytvaniBx< nawae mmNw bbNx t< hrxnursaE v‘IÉÃ< bÉÃ c mEiwil !. Aip dzmuoI< lUTva r]>kbNxmntRyt! ikimv n pit> ktaR Tv½aqucuÁcumnaerw> .N. He cut asunder the ten-headed monster (RavaNA) to let his headless trunk enact a dance! What would Your consort not do for You. SitAvathAram. Indeed He broke the mighty bow of SivA just in order to win your hand.SLOKAM 54 In the 54th slOkam. very easily as He would a creeper-length. First abdhi sayanam (reclining on the milky ocean) is mentioned and is followed by abdhi manTanam (churning of the milky ocean for the PeNNamuthu.org api dasamukhIm lUthvA raksha: Kabandhamanarthyat kimiva na: pathi:karthA thvacchAru-chunchu manOraTa: MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. kaaryams. albeit. next comes 150 . for the simple reason that you were once born in it. of the activities of BhagavAn to please His dear Consort: “abhdhiHara dhanur-bhanjana. He takes His reclining residence on the milk-ocean. Then. He churned it once. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother SitA! The Lord will do anything for your sake. He built on it a bridge-link (Sethu) to secure you.

He is so lovestricken over His dear consort that He will recline in the milky ocean.org Vatsya VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy points out that the disorderly sequence is consistent with a PramANa Vaakyam: “athyantha bhakthi-yukthAnAm naiva Saasthram na cha krama:” (For those endowed with deep devotion. The proper order would be: Breaking of the bow of Siva to marry SitA Building a dam over the ocean to get to LankA Destruction of RavaNA there in the battle field Churning of the Milky Ocean to gain MahA Lakshmi. The sequence of the acts of the Lord is described in a helter-skelter way. build a dam over it. Bhattar wonders loud as to what RanganAtha will not do to please His Consort's fanciful wishes (ChADu-chamchu. this is followed by kabhandha narthanam (cutting of the heads of RaavaNA and letting his severed trunk jump around in a dance-like pattern). 151 sadagopan. the next item is sEthu bhandhanam (building a dam across the southern ocean to get to Lanka to retrieve His consort).breaking of the Siva Dhanus in SitA Svayamavram. destroy RaavaNa or for that matter anything else to please Her.manOraTa:). break the mighty Siva KOdhaNdam. What will he not do? He will not cease from doing anything. just to please and amuse Her. The conclusion is that Bhattar's bhakthi adhisayam leads to a random jumbling of events across a disordered time sequence. “kim vaa na kuryAth?” He will do even things that are not conceivable (agaditham sarvamapi kuryAth). Indeed. which is during the earlier Koorma avathAram Reclining on the milky ocean in honor of it being the place of birth of MahA Lakshmi. mighty or small. churn it. there is no saasthram or time-based ordering of the items selected during recall). .

152 . dasa-sata-pANi-paada-vadanAkshi mukhai:akhilai: sadagopan. In spite of all these avathAra aanandhams. another one as VishNu among the Trinity and yet another one as UpEndran as well as mathsya . The other aanandhAnubhavams pale into insignificance before the bliss of srungAra leelai with you. His other aanandhams get subsumed as a fraction of a drop. You are a flood of great bliss. He has the greatest of bliss when He engages in srungAra leelai with you.org api nija-vaisvarUpya vibhavai: anrUpa guNai: | avataraNair-athaisccha rasayan Kamitha KamalE kvachana hi vibhrama bhramimukhE vinimajjati tE || (MEANING): Oh Periya PirAtti! Your beloved One displays Visvaroopam with thousands of hands. He enjoys revealing His Visvaroopam and gladdens the mind of those. who are blessed to see it as Arjunan in the battlefield of Kuru KshEthram.SLOKAM 55 In the 55th slOkam. His auspicious attributes are limitless (anantha kalyANa guNams). Avtr[ErtEí rsyn! kimta kmle ! Kvcn ih ivæmæimmuoe ivinm¾it te . He gets lost in the whirlpool of that bliss. Swamy Paraasara Bhattar states that all the modes of Lord's Vaibhavam is only a miniscule of the bliss arising from His leelA vilAsam (love play) with Her (“Bhagavatha: SarvaprAkara vibhava: api Lakshmi vilAsa-lava anubhavE na paryAptha:”): dzztpai[padvdnai]muoEriolE> Aip injvEñêPyivÉvErnuêpgu[E> . he takes other avathArams such as the four VyUhAvathArams. eyes and other limitless limbs. In addition to Visvaroopam. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Oh KamalA PirAti! VedAs and Sruthis salute Your dear Lord as “Sahasra sIrshA Purusha:. SahasrAksha: Sahasra Paadh” and as “anantha baahu-udhara vakthra nEthram” in the context of His visvaroopam. In that flood of bliss. faces. legs.KoormAdhi avathArams and enjoys Himself and makes all chEthanams happy.

In addition to the Visvaroopam that He delights in revealing. You are anantha veeryan.org . mouths and eyes. He also enjoys taking the four vyUhAvathArams as Para VaasudEvan. SankarshaNan and Aniruddhan. All these enjoyments that you experience is one thing. You are warming the universe (SvatEjasA visvamidham tapantham ThvAm pasyAmi). The other aanandhams (arising from the leelA chEshtithams of Viswa roopam. You are drowned in that aanandhAnubhavam like one being caught in a powerful whirlpool and losing His foothold. Pradhyumnan. One aanandham is vast like the ocean. no middle nor the beginning too of you. which makes Him appear like some one swept in a flood and swirling inside a whirlpool formed by that flood.16 (MEANING): With multifold arms.The joyous and awe struck Arjuna broke into sthuthi of this extraordinary visva roopam this way: anEka baahu udhara vakthra nEthram pasyAmi ThvAM SarvathO-anantha-roopam naantham na madhyam na punastavAdim pasyAmi VisvEsvara Visvaroopa --GIthai: 13. Such is the bewitching power of Sri RanganAyaki over her Lord. Your love play with Your Devi and the aaanandham that You experience from that love play is some thing else again. With Your own tEjas. the other aanandhams combined together are like dewdrop in magnitude compared to the LeelA vilAsa aanandham generated by the DEvi's amorous sport with Her Lord (SamudhrE ThushAra iva). I witness Your infinite form on all sides. stomachs. VyUhAvathArams. You are aadhi-madhyAntha rahithan. I see no end. 153 sadagopan. You are lost in that aanandham. He takes the VishNu avathAram to protect the Universe and enjoys those leelAs. Oh Lord of the Universe! Oh you of universal form! I behold only your infinite form on all sides with endless limbs. He incarnates as dasAvathAran and Your PirAtti takes on the appropriate matching roopam as Your consort for Your sport. DasAvathArams) become a drop in the flood of the bliss experienced by You during Your leelA vilAsams with Your Piratti.

VEDANTHA DESIKAN: This shrine is called SREERANGAM in the sense that it is the court-hall for your sport and dance. You have set aside those special and meaningful abodes and chosen however SREERANGAM as Your most preferred place of residence to save us helpless ones (akinchana janams). knowing nothing about Your unmatched vaibhavam and yet deserving Your Motherly grace.N. Since You chose residence in SrIrangam over the other two sites dear to You as the most auspicious place (Sree) for Your sport (Rangam) of protecting us. %dixprmVyaçaeivRSm&Ty ma†zr][]mimit ixya ÉUy> ïIr¼xamin maedse . Maadhrusa RakshaNam (protection of helpless ones like us) is your motivation to minimize the importance of Your birthplace and SrI Vaikuntam as Pukkaham and choose Sreerangam for the express purpose of protecting us. You are very fond of this home too. since You adore Your husband. This is Your Ranga BhUmi and Sriya: Rangam and is not Sriyutham Rangam (auspicious place. Your husband's home (Puhuntha aham) is the famous location praised by the Vedams as “Tadh VishNO: Paramam Padham”. Because You have chosen this dais for Your purpose of ensuring the well being of all creatures.SLOKAM 56 jnnÉvnàITya Êgxa[Rv< bhumNyse jnin ! diytàeM[a pu:[ais tTprm< pdm! . sadagopan.org SPECIAL NOTES: Oh Sarva Loka MaathA! Your birth home (PiRantha aham) is the Milky Ocean and naturally You are very much attached to it. You adore Your Pukkaham (Your husband's abode) celebrated in the Vedams as “Tadh VishNO: Paramam padham”. As the bride joining Your husband's home. evidently You have spurned Your birth-place (the milky ocean) and Your husband's perennial abode (Sree Vaikuntam) in favour of Sreerangam to be near us. because of Your love for Your husband (Dayitha PrEmai).V. Your Janana Bhavana preethi (Fondness for Your birth place) makes You consider the Milky Ocean with great affection. a term used for UpachAram purposes). 154 . all like me. where in SHREE sabdham refers to you. You enjoy this location. which are but Your children. Janana bhavana preethyA dugdhArNavam BahumanyasE Janani ! dayita prEmNA pushNAsi tathparamam padam | udadhi parama vyOmnOr-vismruthya mAdrusa-rakshaNakshamamithi dhiyA bhUya:SrIranga dhAmani mOdasE || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.

org . Sreerangam” 155 sadagopan. “Ranganaayaki Thayar’s Ranga Bhumi. This is the wonder (adhisayathvam) of the archAvathAram of SrI RanganAyaki at Sreerangam according to Swamy ParAsara Bhattar.SrIranga dhAmani mOdhasE (You revel at this abode of SrIrangam) now.

mercy. the overflowing DayA towards Your children. OudhAryam is svArTa nairapEkshaNyam according to the VasurAsi commentary of SrI VeerarAghavAchArya. sadagopan. whatever outstanding attributes that you displayed as SeethA PirAtti during Your VibhavAvathAram seems to be a dress rehearsal for the full display during your current archAvathAram as SrI Ranga Naayaki. Evidently. OudhArya KaaruNikathAsritha vatsalatvapoorvEshu sarvamatisayitamathra Maata: | SrIrangadhAmni yadutAnyad udAharanti SeetAvatAramukham yEtat amushya yOgyA || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.u svRmitzaiytmÇ mat>. these qualities were also reckoned in avathArAs such as SeethA that you took. Therefore. who has sought refuge). Aasritha Vaathsalyam is aasritha dhOsha BhOgyathvam (Overlooking one's defects and yet having affection for the one. affection and concern for your erring children are abundantly experienced at your residence at SrIrangam as ArchA Moorthy. with great lustre. These parama slAgya guNams displayed as KshamA (Forbearance). sympathy for the surrendered one. shine in your station at SrIrangam. It is not svayam prayOjanam.N. all your avathArAs were only rehearsal acts for this final portrayal as SrI Ranga Naayaki. KaaruNyam is Para dukkha sahishNuthvam (empathy for the sufferings of others). this is no wonder since. ArchAvathAram unlike VibhaavathArams is for the benefit of all and is for enjoyment at all times. VibhavAthaaram is limited to a certain time and place. ïIr¼xaiç yÊtaNyÊdahriNt sItavtarmuometdmu:y yaeGya .V.org ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Oh Mother SrI Ranga Naayaki! The boundless generosity. All of these MangaLa guNams have attained a state of perfection for the benefit of the suffering samsAris. All what IthihAsa-PurAnams salute about these auspicious attributes of yours displayed during Your Vibhava avathArAms as SeethA PirAtti and the like appear to be rehearsals to gain perfection during your archAvathAram as SrI Ranga Naayaki. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother! All Your traits as bounteousness. and the like. as I perceive. DayA (Compassion even towards those who offend) were displayed in Vibhava avathArams 156 .SLOKAM 57 AaEdayRkaéi[ktaiïtvTslTvpUveR.

“Thiruindallur Ranganaayaki Thaayar with Perumal” 157 sadagopan. All of those displays seem to be abhyAsam (rehearsals) for the ArchAvathAram as SrI Ranga Naayaki.org .such as the SeethAvathAram. when they reach their peak.

Enough. equal to the laborious exercise he had exerted himself in folding his palms in supplication! What is this extreme bounteousness? Why? Please explain (this) to me.V. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother! Let anyone supplicate his hands in anjali form before you. what is more. ASmE n ikiÂt! %ict< k«timTywaMb! Tv< l¾se kwy kae=ymudarÉav> . Even after granting all these boons. The unmatched oudhAryam and Vaathsalyam induces her to grant sakala soubhAgyams. who just performed Nama ukthi with anjali bhaddha hastham. You will in Your extreme kindliness agree to give him all affluence. They become “Nama ithyEva Vaadhina:” All the sins are destroyed and SrI Devi's oudhAryam flows towards the one.6.N. she feels that she has not done enough for her devotee.3. When one folds one's palms and raises them in salutation with the utterance of the word “Nama:” it signifies self-surrender. aisvaryam akshara gatim paramam padam vaa kasmaichith-anjalibharam vahatE vitIrya | asmai na kincith-uchitam krutam-ithyathAmBa ! tvam lajjasE kathaya kOyam udArabhAva: | MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. Dr.org ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: This slOkam is the one quoted by Swamy Desikan in the SiddhOpAya SOthanAdhikAram of SrImath Rahasya Thraya Saaram to explain the meaning of the doctrine of “UdAraam” associated with SrI DEvi. who performed anjali to the accompaniment of Nama: sabdham.SLOKAM 58 @eñyRm]rgit— prm< pd< va kSmEict! AÃilÉr< vhte ivtIyR. You would later on feel a certain bashfulness--that is indeed ever evident in Your smile even now!--that You had not done enough for him. The very last manthram of IsAvAsyOpanishad ends with the passage: “bhUyishtAm tE NAMA UKTHIM vidhEma”. sadagopan. 158 . Kaivalyam and even Vaikunta Vaasam. VedAntha Desikan refers to the passage in Sri Sooktham's “DEvajushtAm UdhArAm” to salute the unique bounteousness and generosity of SrI Devi (SrI RanganAyaki). even Kaivalya and even (more) Vaikuntam in return for that anjali. Swamy NammAzhwAr refers to this Bhara samarpaNam (lying down of the burden/Sumai) as “athu sumanthArkatkkE” in ThiruvAimozhi III.

The Nama: sabdham destroys three kinds of VirOdhis: sEshathva svaroopa VirOdhi, PurushArTa kaimkarya VirOdhi and UpAyAnushtAna VirOdhi. When that Powerful Nama: sabdham is accompanied by the equally powerful gesture (Mudhrai) of Anjali, and then there is no limit to what it can achieve. The deepest springs of OudhAryam, Vaathsalyam and DayA of SrI RanganAyaki are released and the chEthanan becomes the beneficiary of the ParamAnugraham of the Empress of SrIrangam. The vaibhavam of Anjali Mudhrai is celebrated by Swamy Desikan in his chillaRai rahasyam of “Anjali Vaibhavam”. When one folds one's palms and says “namAmi”, the Lord says “nayAmi”. I will lead that special one, who has performed SaraNAgathy to me in this manner, all the way to My Parama Padham (nayAmi ParamAm gathim). That ParamAm gathi is not kshudhra Phalans like Isvaryam, AathmAnubhavam et al but Parama PurushArTam of Moksham. Both Our Lord and His Consort are “MukthAnAm ParamA gathi”. The power of anjali is summed up by Swamy AlavanthAr in the 28th slOkam of His SthOthra rathnam. Swamy Desikan has blessed us with a commentary for this Sri Sookthi. In that commentary, Swamy Desikan points out that there are no time restrictions about performing Anjali, which melts the heart of the Lord. Anjali is a common (pothu) dharmaam and can be practiced by all. Anjali is known as the best among dharmAs relating to the Lord. In contrast to other dharmAs, anjali gives immediate results. It destroys the PuNyams and Paapams of a Jeevan. There have been legitimate questions/doubts about the power of Anjali to grant even Moksham. Here, AzhwArs, AchAryans based on Sruthi pramANam have pointed out that anjali yielding these great boons (up to Moksham) is not the simple folding of one's palms, but the elevated form of Anjali incorporating SaranAgati inside it: Prapatthi garbhathvam (BhUyishtAm nama ukthim vidhEma). Anjali is the chinham (adayALam/mark) of BharanyAsam. If the ChEthanan's chinham is Anjali, the Lord's responding chinham is Abhaya Hastham. Anjali done by a prapannan yields boons at all levels and Lord assures that quick granting of the boons through His abhaya hastham (anjali paramA mudhrA kshipram dEva prasAdhini). Anjali yields “satthva unmEsham” (birth and growth of Satthva guNam) and Samyak Jn~Anam (clear wisdom about Tatthvams), which lead on to Moksham. Once again this anjali has no restrictions of Kaalam, dEsam, VarNAsrama adhikAra niyamam, prakAra (way of doing) niyamam, aavrutthi (number of repetitions) niyamam. This anjali done by a Mumukshu with Prapatthi garbha, prArTanA poorvaka anjali has many prabhAvams (glories) as revealed to us by Swamy Desikan: Aasu kaarithvam (Quick to yield Phalans) asEsha dhOsha nivarthakathvam (destruction of all sins) asEsha kalyANa kAranathvam (harbinger of all auspiciousness) 159

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anubandhi rakshakathvam (protection of all linked to them) akshaya phala pradhathvam (yielding permanent phalans) Such indeed is the anjali Vaibhavam that makes even SrI RanganAyaki blush that She has not done enough for one who holds anjali mudhrA in front of Her.

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“Thirupaarkadal Ranganaayaki Thaayaar”

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SLOKAM 59
In the 59th slOkam, Swamy Paraasara Bhattar expresses his Naicchiyam (lowliness and unfitness) to SrI RanganAyaki. In the previous slOkam, ParAsara Bhattar celebrated the legendary oudhAryam (generosity) of Sri RanganAyaki. That thought emboldened him to ask for her protection in spite of his utter unfitness. Bhattar banked on his Divine Mother's Vaathsalyam here:

}ani³yaÉjns<pdikÂnae=h< #CDaixkarzknanuzyaniÉ}>, Aaga<is deiv ! yuvyaerip ÊSshain b×aim mUoRcirtStv ÊÉRrae=iSm .
Jn~Ana-kriyA-bhajana-sampadakinchanOham icchAdhikAra sakanAnusayAnabhijn~a: | aagAmsi Devi! yuvayOrapi dhussahAni BadhnAmi mUrga charitas-tava durbharOsmi || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.V.N. VEDANTHA DESIKAN:
“An individual ought evidently to possess some virtue, if he were to claim the kindliness of the Almighty. Oh my Mother! I am an utter destitute, not qualified with respect to Nana or Karma or Bhakthi. With respect to Prapaththi--which is the course for such a fellow--for which one's earnest desire is the desideratum, I do not know how to perform it. What is worst, and I am a stranger to the feeling of regret and grief that should be inevitable in such a situation. The Lord and You are extreme forbearers, I know. But I have been accumulating sins that even you can hardly forbear and excuse. I am still going on! Such a vile person as I am is indeed unbearable to you too”.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS:
This NaicchAnusandhAna slOkam almost at the very end of the SthOthram is for the benefit of us. SrI ParAsara Bhattar did not have these deficiencies. He was a model of AchAram, VairAgyam and anushtAnam. It is for the benefit of us, Bhattar composed this slOkam. It is for us to utter and correct ourselves and seek the grace of our Mother (Visva Janani). Bhattar describes himself as a Moorkkan and dhurAchAran here. He admits that he is not proficient in Karma-Jn~Ana-Bhakthi Yogams and is totally unfamiliar with the upAyam of 161

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He says that he does not even have any regret over his lack of skills to follow anyone of the above routes. I have a Bhakthi. I continue to accumulate more sins through my careless deeds. they showed us the way of conducting ourselves with naicchiyam before the Dhivya Dhampathis. Karma and Bhakthi yOga sampath (wealth). VEDANTHA DESIKAN: “I have not acquired a stature by Karma or by Jn~Ana. which is accomplished through “icchA-mAthram” in a trice. Oh RanganAyaki. Bhattar identifies himself as the one. one that cannot be kept at rest. Here I am standing before You testing that limitless capacity to put up with such mahA aparAdhams and unfitness of mine.N. Here are some examples of their anubhavams: “nORRa nOnbilEn nuNNaRivilEn aahilum Unnai vittonRum aaRRahinRilEn AravinaNaiammAnE sERRUt-thAmarai sennalUdi malar Sirivaramangala nagar veeRRiruntha YenthAi ! Unakku mihaiyallEnangE” --ThiruvAimozhi: 5. You must come to my rescue and save me. who has not even an iota of knowledge about Jn~Ana. that is passionate that makes me 162 . They were ParipoorNa adhikAris for performance of Bhakthi yOgam or Prapatthi yOgam and yet for our sake as AchAryAs. He says that he is devoid of any burning desire or capabilities or firmness of purpose to engage in the practice of these upAyams to save him.org In the first line. Such a miserable one is a challenge to Your forbearance. which is done with mere wish to do it and begs for Sri RanganAyaki's dayA in such a state of helplessness.1 MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. Swamy AlavanthAr and AchArya RaamAnujA have performed NaicchAnusandhAnam prior to Paraasara Bhattar in their own moving ways to instruct us as to how we should conduct ourselves. He says: Among You and Your Lord. Only these two are said to lead to Bhakthi. both are known for your limitless patience and forbearance.Prapatthi. POORVACHARYA'S NAICCHANUSANDHANAM THAT BHATTAR REMEMBERED: Swamy NammAzhwAr. Thirumalai NallAn RaamakrishNa IyengAr Swamy has translated this slOkam beautifully in Tamil this way: saRRumE aRivu kanmam BhakthiAm sampath illai kaRRilEn icchai peRRi kavusalam irangal Devi! kuRRamE puriyA niRpan kothikka nummiruvar uLLam muRRumE moorkkanEnai mudiyumO thaanga Nee thAn ? sadagopan. SrI RanganAyaki. In the second line.7. In spite of it all. Bhattar declares that he is a complete Moorkkhan of despicable conduct and asks his Divine Mother whether She can come to his rescue in spite of all these lapses. Bhattar admits that he did not master even the easy route of prapatthi. He continues in the third line to say that he continues to accumulate more sins with abandon and anger the ThiruvuLLam of both Sri RanganAthan and His consort.V.

But my bhakthi is not of the Bhakthi yOga type.1 MEANING ACCORDING TO DR.restless. but truthfully.V: With vulgar tastes and trivial interests. I have indeed no chance of cherishing the Lord in my heart. But fraudulently I displayed an external piety and devotion calling as if in real earnestness. I have not displayed any Bhakthi towards You. abounding in lotuses growing near verdant paddy crops. with the Chakra on the hand!” False was my devotion. I say. My gem-like dear. You will hardly believe it. When karmaanushtAna siddhi and Jn~Anam are not there. Thus Bhattar records for our benefit powerful NaicchAnusandhAnam.1. KarmAnushtAnam must be completed to gain discriminating intellect (nuNNaRivu).Swamy AaLavanthAr's SthOthra Rathnam: slOkam 22 (Oh Lord! I do not have the discipline of dharmam.org . Bhakthi yOgam as an upAyam is thus out of question. I have no aathma Jn~Anam. Bhattar says that he is not capable of performing Prapatthi either. I seek refuge at your feet). a tool for attaining salvation. that in turn will lead to Svaroopa Jn~Anam and further to para Svaroopa Jn~Anam. NinkaNum BhatthanallEn --ThirumAlai: 25 (I have not developed any Bhakthi towards You). But it is all His grace. Oh my Lord.V. At that time. count me as within Your fold of protection and help me!” “KaiyyAr Chakkaratthen KarumANikkamE yenRenRu poyyE kaimmai solli puRame puramEyAdi meyyE peRRazhinthEn vithi vaaykkinRu kaapAr? IyyO !KaNNapirAn ! aRayO inipponAlE” --ThiruvAimozhi:5. pararoopa SaakshAthkAra Bhaagyam is said to be gained and the Bhakthi rooted on that anubhavam.N. I have no qualifications whatsoever. then there is no prospect for hope and salvation. seated on AadhisEshA at Srivaramangala nagar. Oh KrishNa. 163 sadagopan. “Na dharmOnishtOsmi na chAtmavEdhi na BhakthimAn ThvaccharanaaravindhE ! akinchanO anayagathis-SaraNya Thvath Paadhamoolam SaraNam prapadhyE” --. own Your defeat before running away! I have won you not withstanding my hypocrisy of fervor. “My dear Lord. which is my equivalent of what you people call Fate that has made this possible. He has come and given His bliss of company. So the urgency. I know.

However I long for Your feet. but You. Swamy Desikan will follow the footsteps of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar in his sthOthra granthams in general and Sri RanganAtha PaadhukA sahasram in particular (NirvEda Paddhathi). are all pure and simple drama! Hundreds of such perjury I am capable of! But then. please help me and serve as a sure refuge for me to be redeemed! ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: The SlOkams of Sri GuNa Rathna kOsam are coming to a close and Swamy ParAsara Bhattar begs His Mother RanganAyaki to forgive his hypocritical ways and protect him. yÖa n me Éujbl< tv padpÒlaÉe Tvmev zr[< ivixt> k«ta=is .N. then. The 60th slOkam of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam takes this form: #Tyui´kEtvzten ivfMbyaim tanMb ! sTyvcs> pué. The appeal is earnest and urgent since the next slOkam will see the completion of this Sri KOsam on Her GuNa Rathnams. such confessions copying great holy seers--who. as if I too had their heart-felt thoughts. I have no qualifications. no merit to deserve Your grace. however.V. sadagopan. who have become the natural prop for me.an! pura[an! . I have no power.in a fraudulent and hypocritical manner. 164 . Swamy Paraasara Bhattar continues to dwell on the NaicchAnusandhAnam and follows the steps of Swamy NammAzhwAr's Paasurams on Naichiyam and Swamy AaLavanthAr's SthOthra Rathna SlOkams expressing deep Naicchiyam. spoke sincerely and truthfully -.org ityukti kaitava satEna viDambayAmi tAn ambha ! Satya-vachasa: purushAn purANAn | yadvA na mE bhuja-Balam tava Paada-Padma-laabhE tvamEva saraNam vidhita: krutAsi || MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: Oh Mother RanganAyaki! I said that I am a rogue and am unbearable for You. For achieving this goal. But.SLOKAM 60 In the 60th slOkam.

Yaamuna Muni and others (“ParAnkusa ParakAla Yaamuna YathivarAdheen ViDamBayAmi anukarOmi”). even if it was not true in spirit (“TannaicchyAnukaraNa mAthrENa madhrakshaNam kaaryam ithyAsaya:”). the AchAryAs and AzhwArs. I am unfit otherwise. adiyEn does not have the strength or capabilities to achieve that goal on my own (Thvath CharaNAravindha samprApthou mE bhuja Balam Na Math-saamarTyam kimchidhapi naasthi). adiyEn uttered false statements and performed abhinayam. The only longing that I have is to have the protection of your sacred feet. Therefore. As stated in the previous slOkam. AdiyEn desires Your Paadha-Padhma laabham (blessings of acquisition of Your Lotus feet for my rakshaNam). I have no qualifications or accumulated good deeds. Please accept my SaraNAgathi. I do not have the strength and skills of my own to be graced by the anugraham of your sacred feet. Their dharmam is sacred (“thooneRi”). AdiyEn has stated deceitful words on my unfitness and lowliness echoing the words of Swamy NammAzhwAr. imitating as though adiyEn is sajAthIyan (same group) as the PoorvAchAryAs and AzhwArs. But. Please accept my plea for protection! BhattAar pleads for the nirhEthuka KrupA of SrI RanganAyaki in this slOkam and concludes this plea with the final slOkam of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam. “Unn adi malar peRa yenn Kaiyil vallamai illai”. “MeyyE sollum” refers to their speech rooted in Sathyam. my naicchAnusandhAnam imitating great PoorvAchAryAs and pretending to have their anubhavam through hundreds of lies on my part is utter deceit. “athaRkku Vallai Nee vithi aanAi:”. .org “Thollavar” in the Tamil Paasuram stands for the “Sathya vachasa: PurANa PurushAn”.Thirumalai Nallan Ramakrishna Iyengar Swamy's translation of this slOkam in Tamil proceeds this way: thollavar meyyE sollum thUneRi thodaruvEn pOl yellaillamlijj~nan iyampinan salangalanthO! allathu ThAyE ? unn tann adimalarp-peRaven kaiyyil vallamai ilai athaRkku Vallai Nee athaRkku vithiyinAnAi Oh Mother SrIranga Naayaki! There is the procedure of NaicchAnusandhAnam as referred to in the previous slOkam. Thirumangai.”. AdiyEn is not therefore a PrAmANikan (straight forward one telling the truth and nothing but the truth). SrI Vaatsya VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy in his Vasu Raasi commentary on this slOkam says: “Ithi poorvOktha prakArENa yEthath sajaathIyatayA vaa ukthi kaitava sathEna kapaDa Niacchya vachana sahasrENa thAnn …. I do not have the strength or skills to seek another means. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar expresses his longing for Her protection through the utterance of PoorvAchAryA's naicchyAnusandhAnam. It refers to the pious and ancient Sathya Vaaks (those true of speech). adiyEn seeks your protection as a SaraNAgathan as prescribed by the SaasthrAs. 165 sadagopan. That power is you alone. You are my object of Surrender according to SaasthrAs. You surely see through this vEsham and abhinayam of mine! It is impossible to be redeemed through these false acts and utterances.

2. You are the path and procedure to reach You ultimately. The Summing up or conclusion of a Syllogism is also known as Nigamanam. yu:mTpadsraeéhaNtrrjSSyam Tvm<ba ipta sv¡ xmRmip Tvmev Év n> SvIk…vRkSmat! k«pam! . adoring and masterly tribute of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar to His dear Mother. it is the literal conclusion of the tender. which has two meanings: 1. According to the second definition. The quotation of a Vedic word is known as Nigamanam. Swamy Paraasara Bhattar makes an appeal to SrI RanganAyaki. You are everything for me. all mine and even the dharma or duty for me. Here is the prayer of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar as an AchArya on behalf of all of us: ïIr¼e zrdZzt< sh suùÖgeR[ in:k{qk< sadagopan. with excellent relish of the kaimkarya.V. That is.org inÊR>o< susuoÁc daSyriska< ÉuKTva sm&iÏ< pram! . Yes that kaimkarya abundance will prove to be the greatest affluence and prosperity on earth. Father. any act or merit on the individual jeevan's part)”. According to the first definition.SLOKAM 61 In the 61st and final slOkam. I have no right to ask for this. it is that I pray you shower on me Your kindly grace of the NirhEthukA type! (NirhEtukA KrupA will not require.bliss. VEDANTHA DESIKAN: “Oh SrI RanganAyakI! I make a final submission: May I (be blessed to) live here at SrIrangam for hundred years! How? (in what way ?) With harmonious relation with likeminded discerning devotees without a hitch. The Sri Sookthi of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam is coming to the conclusion stage. SrIrangE Saradas-satam saha suhrudh-vargENa nishkaNDakam nirdh:ukkham susukham cha dAsya-rasikAm bhuktvA samruddhim parAm yushmat-paadasarOruhAntara-raja: shyAma tvamambhA pitA Sarvam darmamaapi tvamEva bhava na: svIkurvakasmAt krupAm MEANING ACCORDING TO DR. SrI Sooktham. who brought him up in a cradle in front of Her Sannidhi at Srirangam as a small child . a separation. I should be like the dust (pollen) from the lotus feet of You Both! You would be my Mother. 166 .N. You should bless me like that! But then I do not merit this. a grief. Therefore. nay celebration) of the Khila Rk of Rg Vedam. SrI GuNa rathna kOsam in my humble opininon is the Quotation (and elaboration. as a condition.

ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Oh RanganAyaki! This is my Nigamana ViNNappam (PrArTanai): May we live at Srirangam for hundred years. May we live enjoying the company of BhaagavathAs. UpAyam for me! For all these to be realized. Father. “ThavamEva na: asmAkam saravmapi dharmaloukika-srEya: saadhanam Karma-Jn~Ana-Bhakthi-PrapathyAdhikam Bhava” is the prayer! Thou art indeed the grantor (anugraha-dhAthA) of wealth in this world (DharmArTakaamas) and the boons of Karma Yogam. 167 sadagopan. let there be no hindrances. sishyAs and their sishyAs enjoying unalloyed bliss free from hindrances. Jn~Ana Yogam. yEvam dhrushtamukthvA adhrushtamAsAsthE –yushmadhithi” (MEANING): Oh SrIranganAyaki! At Your divine city of Srirangam.satham). relatives. grief. Why do I request for Your NirhEthuka Krupai instead of sahEthuka krupai? It is because I do not have any hEthu. grandsons. May we live the hundred years prescribed by the VedAs with the like-minded devout ones and with sons. ALL. Oh Mother! May You become my Mother. sorrow. sarva dharmam. who are likeminded/suhruth (suhrudh-vargENa): mOdhAma Saradhas-satham. Father.prasishyAdhibhi: samam nishkaNDakam nirubhadhravam nirdh:ukkam dhu:kkhA-samsparsa susukham sutarAm soukhyam cha yaTA bhavathi taTA dhAsya-rasikAm Thvath-Kaimkarya-rasaj~nAm parAm sarvOthkrushtAm samruddhim SRI-RANGA-SRIYAM bhukthvA anubhUya. fitness ? How can I hope to possess fitness suitable to invoke your sahEthuka Krupai? That is why I am seeking the blessings of NirhEthuka Krupai! VasurAsi Commentary on the prayer of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar is a beautiful one in chaste Sanskrit: “SrIrangEswari ! SrirangE dhivyanagarE satham saradha: ‘SathAyu: Purusha:’ ithi sruthyuktha-prakArENa sathamapi vathsarAn suhrudh-vargENa saha PuthraPouthra-Bhandhu-sishya. UpAyam and upEyam. PrApyam. you should bless me with your nirhEthuka krupai. the period of life assigned by Vedams (Veda PrAyam: jeevEma Saradhas. seperation! Let there be joy of dhAsyAnubhavam and may that blissful anubhavam grow from day to day! May we be blessed with such a life full of soubhAgyam by You! May we become the dust of the lotus under both of Your sacred feet (makarantha poDi of the Lotus). PrApakam et al).org . Bhakthi Yogam as one of the two upAyams for Mukthi and the other UpAyam for Moksham: Prapatthi yOgam. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar hails SriranganAyaki as Sarva Vidha BhaNdhu (Mother. separations and enjoying kaimkaryam to YOU and SrIranganAthan and Both of Your BhaagavathAs ! May we enjoy SRI RANGA SRIYAM and may we be blessed with abundant wealth of both of your protection as saraNAgathAs). During that enjoyment.

org (praNavam) NaarAyaNyai nama: (praNavam) Naarasimhai nama: (praNavam) Bhagavathyai nama: (praNavam) PumpradhAnEsvarEsvaryai nama: (praNavam) Thrayaantha roopAyai nama: (praNavam) DhivyAyai nama: (praNavam) Soumya roopAyai nama: 168 . and DayA / anukampA (Compassion). the great scholar and scion of the famous Navaneetham Vangipuram Family. please accept me. when they place their heads at her feet (2) They make the Vyjayanthi maalai forever fresh through their contact as She sits on Her Lord's chest . If her grace is assured/secured. devotion and awe! He praises Her KshAnthi (forbearance). Bhattar's celebration of the sacredness of Her Thiruvadi is special (1) Those holy feet render the Upanishads fragrant. “AgasmAth krupAm nirhEthukadhayAm sveekuru. Dr. who blessed me with the strength to write about the special Sri Sooktham composed by Her beloved son. Mother and “all the tone cherishes as near and dear”. He salutes her as his Father. VedAntha Desikan. adiyEn considers himself fortunate to have had the bhAgyam of completing the commentary on SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam with the tremendous help of my neighbor at Oppiliappan Sannidhi. the SiddhOpAyan). Maam Sveekuru (Please accept me as Your object for protection). Swamy ParAsara Bhattar emphasizes the Supremacy and paramount importance of Sri Devi (SriranganAyaki) for us all. You are anantha kalyANa guNavathi (the abode of limitless auspicious attributes: guNa rathna kOsam).N. Such is the grand message of SrI GuNa Rathna kOsam ! adiyEn offers my special prayers to SriranganAyaki. adiyEn would like to conclude this commentary on SriranganAyaki with selected NaamAs from SrI Lakshmi Sahasra Naamams: sadagopan. there is no room for worry of any kind.“Sarva-dharma -sTAnE PurushakAratayA ThvamEva sTithvA SiddhOpAyEna BhagavathA madhishDam prApyEthyAsaya:” (Oh My Mother SriranganAyaki! You must stand in the place of dharmAs and through Your PurushakArathvam help me attain the Thiruvadi of Your Lord. I am deficient in satthva guNAs (GuNalEsan). please approve of me as one eligible for Your protection!). In the final slOkam. Swamy ParAsara Bhattar. angIkurushva” (I am an unfit one and yet out of your spontaneous and abundant KrupA without any vyAjam. OudhAryam (generosity/ magnanimity).V. Such is the moving prayer of Swamy ParAsara Bhattar overflowing with affection.

org (praNavam) dEvyai nama: (praNavam) SvAtantrya roopAyai nama: (praNavam )tath Dharma-dharmiNyai nama:(10) (praNavam) Anantha roopAyai nama: (praNavam) Bhadhra hOmAyai nama: (praNavam) Sarva SulabhAyai nama: (praNavam) GuNa priyAyai nama: (praNavam) Nithya suchayE nama: (pranavam) Sarva rasAyai nama: (praNavam ) bhUr-bhuva-svara yonijAyai nama: (praNavam) Sama LakshaNAyai nama: (praNavam) VaradhAyai nama: (praNavam) AnanathAyai nama:(20) (praNavam) PuNya-keerthanAi nama: (praNavam) Raajya Lakshmyai nama: (praNavam) Jaya Lakshmyai nama: (praNavam) Dhana Lakshmyai nama: (praNavam) Maadhava PriyAyai nama: (praNavam) SuprasannAya nama: (praNavam) Poorva-BhaashiNyai nama: (praNavam) BhadrAyai nama:(28) . Sri RanganAyaki ThAyAr ThiruvaruL VeNDum Daasan.SrImath Azhagiya Singar ThiruvadigaLE saraNam . Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri Sadagopan LOkA: SamasthA: SukhinO Bhavanthu 169 sadagopan.

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