EDUCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES

Joahne P. Tipay, R.N. Foundations of Education August 02, 2010

PRIMITIVE EDUCATION
‡ Life is simple compared with life today. ‡ Means of livelihood
± Hunting ± Gathering vegetables wild fruits and

‡ Live in crude huts in a limited area with few or no contact at all with other people.

PRIMITIVE EDUCATION
Aims of Primitive Education
‡ Security and Survival ‡ Conformity ‡ Preservation and transmission of traditions

PRIMITIVE EDUCATION
Types of Education
‡ Vocational ‡ Religious (animistic)

Content to be Studied Agencies of Education
‡ Home ‡ Environment

Organization of Grades

PRIMITIVE EDUCATION
Methods of Instruction
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Done informally Observation and imitation Simple telling and demonstration Participation

Financing Contribution to Education

. ‡ Education in the country is in great importance because it is the primary avenue for upward social and economic mobility.PRIMITIVE EDUCATION ‡ Education in the Philippines evolved from early settlers to the present.

.PRIMITIVE EDUCATION ‡ Philippine educational system has a very deep history from the past in which it has undergone several stage of development going to the present system of education.

Among these seventeen symbols were three vowels and fourteen consonants. .PRIMITIVE EDUCATION ‡ Early Filipino ancestors valued education very much. Filipino men and women know how to read and write using their own native alphabet called alibata. ‡ The alibata was composed of 17 symbols representing the letters of the alphabet.

PRIMITIVE EDUCATION ALIBATA ± Among these seventeen symbols were three vowels and fourteen consonants. .

MUSLIM EDUCATION Aims of Muslim Education ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Scientific Practical Initiative and welfare Religious Vocational .

MUSLIM EDUCATION Types of Education ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Science education Vocational education Religious education Artistic designing Avocational training Professional education .

MUSLIM EDUCATION Content to be Studied Agencies of Education ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Courts of the early caliphs Elementary schools Secondary schools Kuttab Universities Organization of Grades .

and experimentation Financing Contribution to Education . observation.MUSLIM EDUCATION ‡ Methods of Instruction ‡ Repetition and drill ‡ Memorization and imitation ‡ Lecture.

SPANISH PERIOD ‡ Education system was formal ‡ Religious congregations paved the way in establishing schools from the primary level to the tertiary level of education ‡ Separate school for boys and girls .

SPANISH PERIOD ‡ Wealthy Filipinos or the Ilustrados were accommodated in the schools. ‡ Colonial education brought more non-beneficial effects to the Filipinos .

‡ These missionaries emphasized the teachings of the Catholic religion starting from the primary level to the tertiary level of education.SPANISH PERIOD ‡ The friars controlled the educational system during the Spanish times. .

. the reading of Spanish books and a little of the natives' language ‡ Science and Mathematics were not very much taught to the students even in the universities.SPANISH PERIOD ‡ Students in the primary level were taught the Christian Doctrines.

SPANISH PERIOD ‡ Latin was also taught to the students instead of Spanish ‡ Schools before were exclusive for the Spaniards. ‡ Filipinos were only able to enter the school in the late 19th century. .

Educational Decree 1863 educational system for students in the country was established by virtue of the Education Decree of 1863 .SPANISH PERIOD ‡ The schools also limited their accommodations to the sons of wealthy Filipino families in 1863.

the Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students. . ‡ As a consequence.SPANISH PERIOD ‡ The decree required the government to provide school institutions for boys and girls in every town.

‡ The Normal School was also established which gave men the opportunity to study a three-year teacher education for the primary level. .SPANISH PERIOD ‡ It was during this time when the intellectual Filipinos emerged.

the friars still believed that the Filipinos would not be able to match their skills and that the only way for the Filipinos to learn fast was to impose upon them strict discipline which means applying corporal punishment. .SPANISH PERIOD ‡ Although the schools were already open for Filipinos.

SPANISH PERIOD .

. ‡ The Augustinians built the first school in the Philippines situated in Cebu in 1565.SPANISH PERIOD ‡ The first established schools were exclusive for the boys.

SPANISH PERIOD ‡ First college school for the boys was the "Colegio de San Ignacio³ ‡ Established by the Jesuits in Manila in 1589 .

"Colegio de San Jose³ ‡ 1589.SPANISH PERIOD ‡ "Colegio de San Idelfonso" in Cebu in 1595. the "Escuela Pia" was entrusted by the government to the Jesuits. this was called Ateneo de Municipal which is now the famous Ateneo de Manila . ‡ 1601. Later.

the Dominicans established another university. which was opened in 1611 ‡ 1630.SPANISH PERIOD ‡ The Dominicans also made a name as they established one of the best universities in the Philippines ‡ University of Santo Tomas. the "San Juan de Letran" for the orphaned boys .

‡ Opened in 1589.SPANISH PERIOD ‡ "Colegio de Santa Potenciana" was the first school and college for girls. ‡ The religious congregations also established schools for the girls called "beaterio". . ‡ Colegio de Santa Isabel opened in 1632.

and ± others intended for good housekeeping . ± cooking. ± sewing and embroidery-making.SPANISH PERIOD ‡ "beaterio" was meant for orphaned girls who could not afford to educate themselves ‡ subjects taught were: ± housekeeping.

SPANISH PERIOD Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines ± only compelled to the friars' influences from their lessons based on the Christian Doctrines or teachings. ± friars were effective in evangelizing the Catholic religion to the Filipinos. .

.SPANISH PERIOD Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines ± One major failure of the educational system of the religious congregations was the withholding of the Filipinos to learn other bodies of knowledge.

the teaching of Mathematics and Science were neglected.SPANISH PERIOD Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines ± Besides limiting education to the teaching of Spanish. ± Thus. the teaching of Religion was also given emphasis. Latin. and the Filipino languages. .

education during the Spanish regime was privileged only to Spanish students ± The supposed Philippine education was only a means to remain in the Philippines as colonizers .SPANISH PERIOD Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines ± In entirety.

SPANISH PERIOD Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines ± For this reason. the Filipinos became followers to the Spaniards in their own country. ± Even fortunate Filipinos became cronies. to the extent that even their life styles were patterned from the Spaniards. .

SPANISH PERIOD Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines ± several educated Filipinos referred to as ilustrados began movements directed towards change in the system of government in the Philippines .

SPANISH PERIOD Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines ± Despite their wealth and education. . the ilustrados were still considered by the Spaniards to be inferior.

SPANISH PERIOD Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines ± One of the goals of the ilustrado was to be in the same level with the proud Spaniards. . ± The growing number of ilustrados in the Philippines maybe considered one of the major effects of education by the Spaniards in the Philippines.

AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ Education became very important for the Filipinos. the spread of democracy and formation of good citizens including the rights and responsibilities of the people were the focus of American education in the country. . ‡ This was something that the Americans gave importance to.

.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ Education allowed the Americans to spread or share their culture. particularly the English language. to the Filipinos.

‡ Volunteer Filipino soldiers became the first teachers of the Filipinos.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ The American government wanted to give everyone the chance to study so they built public schools for the Filipinos. ‡ Part of their mission was to build classrooms in every place where they were assigned. .

AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ The Filipino soldiers stopped teaching only when a group of teachers from the U. 600 teachers called "Thomasites" arrived." ‡ In August 1901. ‡ They came aboard the ship "Sheridan. . came to the Philippines in June 1901.S.

the S.S. ‡ This group became successful in their mission. Thomas. .AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ Their name came from the ship they traveled on.

‡ There were three levels of education during the American period. .AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ Every child from age 7 was required to register in schools located in their own town or province. ‡ The students were given free school materials.

‡ The "secondary" or high school level consisted of four years. and the third was the "college" or tertiary level.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ The "elementary" level consisted of four primary years and 3 intermediate years. .

and business schools were also opened. ‡ There were also colleges during the American period. vocational. . ‡ Normal.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ Many elementary and secondary schools were opened in cities and provinces. agricultural.

and ± Far Eastern University (1933). ± National University (1901). ± University of Manila (1914).AMERICAN PERIOD Some of these colleges are: ± Philippine Normal School in 1901 (now a university). . ± Philippine Women University (1919).

AMERICAN PERIOD Examples of vocational schools are: ± Philippine Nautical School. . ± Philippine School of Arts and Trades and ± Central Luzon Agriculture School.

.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ The University of the Philippines was also founded in 1908.

AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ Religion . to continue their studies and to become expert in their desired fields or professions. . ‡ They were sent to the U. ‡ gave recognition to those students who excelled academically.S.not included in the curriculum of the schools.

‡ In return.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ "scholars" because the government covered all their expenses. they were to teach or work in government offices after they finished their studies. .

Honoria Sison and ± Francisco Delgado. . ± Francisco Benitez.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ There were successful Filipino scholars like: ± Judge Jose Abad Santos. ± Dr.

and the Mountain Provinces. ‡ Formal education was also provided to those who were of age. ‡ Schools were also built in nonCatholic areas like Sulu. . Mindanao.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ The government was not only concerned with the welfare of the youth.

.AMERICAN PERIOD ‡ Attention was given to vocational and health practice. ‡ The knowledge of the Filipinos in reading and writing were very high during the American period.

.JAPANESE PERIOD Changes in Education During the Japanese Occupation ‡ The government made some changes in the system of education in February. 1942.

and Great Britain. ± To recognize that the Philippines is a part of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere so that the Philippines and Japan will have good relations. Promote and enrich the Filipino culture. .JAPANESE PERIOD These changes were: ± To stop depending on western countries like the U..S.

. ± To learn and adopt Nippongo and to stop using the English language. ± To spread elementary and vocational education.JAPANESE PERIOD ± To be aware of materialism to raise the morality of the Filipinos. ± To develop love for work.

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