Powder Metallurgy

In conventional powder metallurgy manufacturing, elemental, partially alloyed or pre-alloyed

powders are fed into a die, compacted into the desired shape, and ejected from the die. 
The component is then sintered at a temperature below the melting point of the base material in

a controlled atmosphere furnace to form metallurgical bonds between the powder particles. After sintering, a variety of secondary processes and value-added operations may be performed.

phase of the powder metallurgy manufacturing process. a controlled amount of mixed powder is automatically gravity-fed into a precision die and is compacted. y Conventional compaction is performed in hard tooling in a cycle consisting of these four events: y y y y * Die Fill * Die Closure * Press Position * Part Ejection .Pressing y In the pressing. or compaction.

Hidroulic Press Machines For Compaction .

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the "green compact" parts move into the sintering furnace on a mesh conveyor belt. held at the sintering temperature. the components are cooled in a protective atmosphere below the oxidizing range. . y Sintering transforms the compacted mechanical bonds between the powder particles into metallurgical bonds. y Sintering is accomplished in the high heat zone. and then cooled. y The parts are heated to below the melting point of the base metal. y The preheat zone removes lubricants and other organic components of the powder mix and raises the temperature of the compact. high heat. y There are usually three zones in a typical sintering furnace: preheat.y Sintering y In sintering. y In the cooling zone. and cooling.

" . the sintering process can be defined as "a method of controlled atmosphere diffusion bonding particles to produce an engineering material.As applied to ferrous powder metallurgy.

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