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INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
Definition and Classification Overview of Processors and hardware units in an embedded system Software embedded into the system Exemplary Embedded Systems Embedded Systems on a Chip (SoC) and the use of VLSI designed circuits
DEVICES AND BUSES FOR DEVICES NETWORK
I/O Devices - Device I/O Types and Examples Synchronous - Iso-synchronous and Asynchronous Communications from Serial Devices - Examples of Internal SerialCommunication Devices - UART and HDLC - Parallel Port Devices - Sophisticated interfacing features in Devices/Ports- Timer and Counting Devices - 12C , USB , CAN and advanced I/O Serial high speed buses- ISA, PCI, PCI-X, cPCI and advanced buses.
PROGRAMMING CONCEPTS AND EMBEDDED PROGRAMMING IN C, C++ 9
Programming in assembly language (ALP) vs. High Level Language - C Program Elements, Macros and functions -Use of Pointers - NULL Pointers - Use of Function Calls Multiple function calls in a Cyclic Order in the Main Function Pointers Function Queues and Interrupt Service Routines Queues Pointers Concepts of EMBEDDED PROGRAMMING in C++ - Objected Oriented Programming Embedded Programming in C++, C Program compilers Cross compiler Optimization of memory codes.
First reprint Oct.INTER PROCESS COMMUNICATION AND SYNCHRONISATION Shared data problem Use of Semaphore(s) Priority Inversion Problem and Deadlock Situations Inter Process Communications using Signals Semaphore Flag or mutex as Resource key Message Queues Mailboxes Pipes Virtual (Logical) Sockets Remote Procedure Calls (RPCs). Second Edition-2003. UNIT V REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS PART .Simon. 2. tasks and threads Clear cut distinction between functions ISRs and tasks by their characteristics Operating System Services. David E. Rajkamal. 3. Morgan Kaufman Publishers. Embedded Systems Architecture. Computers as Components. Programming and Design. Wayne Wolf. TATA McGraw-Hill. First Indian Reprint 2001 Frank Vahid and Tony Givargis. Steve Heath.UNIT IV REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS PART . TOTAL : 45 TEXTBOOKS 1. An Embedded Software Primer. John Wiley. Pearson Education Asia. REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS : RTOS Task scheduling models Handling of task scheduling and latency and deadlines as performance metrics Cooperative Round Robin Scheduling Cyclic Scheduling with Time Slicing (Rate Monotonics Co-operative Scheduling) Preemptive Scheduling Model strategy by a Scheduler Critical Section Service by a Preemptive Scheduler Fixed (Static) Real time scheduling of tasks .1 9 Definitions of process. 4. First Indian Reprint 2000. . Newnes.Goals StructuresKernel . Embedded Systems Design A unified Hardware /Software Introduction. 2003 REFERENCES 1. Principles of Embedded Computing System Design Harcourt India.2 9 Study of Micro C/OS-II or Vx Works or Any other popular RTOS RTOS System Level Functions Task Service Functions Time Delay Functions Memory Allocation Related Functions Semaphore Related Functions Mailbox Related Functions Queue Related Functions Case Studies of Programming with RTOS Understanding Case Definition Multiple Tasks and their functions Creating a list of tasks Functions and IPCs Exemplary Coding Steps. Embedded Systems Design.Process Management Memory Management Device Management File System Organisation and Implementation I/O Subsystems Interrupt Routines Handling in RTOS. 2002.
use of directional antennas for cell sectoring. wireless geolocation technologies for wireless geolocation. channel borrowing techniques. power efficiency. interface between Bluetooth and 802. IS 95 CDMA reverse channel. forward channel in W-CDMA and CDMA 2000. wireless ATM. UNIT III WIRELESS WAN 9 Mechanism to support a mobile environment. out of band radiation. VWB pulse transmission. Bluetooth.11. cellular topology. UNIT II WIRELESS NETWORK PLANNING AND OPERATION 9 Wireless networks topologies. wireless home networking. TOTAL : 45 . short distance base band transmission. capacity expansion techniques. IMT 2000. micro cell method. communication in the infrastructure. GPRS and higher data rates. IEEE 802. overload cells. cell splitting. cell fundamentals signal to interference ratio calculation. channels allocation techniques and capacity expansion FCA. DCA. pallert and frame formats in IS 95.11.EC1013 UNIT I WIRELESS NETWORKS 3 0 0 100 9 PHYSICAL AND WIRELESS MAC LAYER ALTERNATIVES Wired transmission techniques: design of wireless modems. integration of voice and data traffic. diversity and smart receiving techniques. mobility management. UNIT IV WIRELESS LAN 9 Historical overviews of the LAN industry. UNIT V WPAN ANDGEOLOCATION SYSTEMS 9 IEEE 802. HYPER LAN 2. broad Modems for higher speeds. evolution of the WLAN industry. applied wireless transmission techniques.15 WPAN. MAC Layer. radio resources and power management securities in wireless networks. HYPER LAN. random access for data oriented networks. Home RF. The PHY Layer. short messaging service in GPRS mobile application protocols. IS95 CDMA forward channel. geolocation standards for E. reverse channels in W-CDMA and CDMA-2000.911 service.
2002. 2. X. REFERENCES 1. P. Person Education 2003. M.V. . papadimitria. Principles of Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons. Pomportsis. 2003.TEXT BOOKS 1.Pearson Education. 4.Nicopolitidis.Mallick. A.I. 2003. 2004. Kaveh Pahlavan.Obaidat. Wireless Networks. M. 2nd Edn. Pearson education. Mobile Communications.Wang and H.S.Poor. Prashant Krishnamoorthy. 3. Wiley Publishing Inc. Wireless Communication Systems.S.A united approach . . Jochen Schiller. G. Mobile and Wireless design essentials.
Small scale Multipath measurements. Performance of Digital Modulation in SlowFlat Fading Channels and Frequency Selective Mobile Channels. link budget design. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing. TDMA. M-ary QAM. Linear Predictive Coders. Blue tooth. Diversity Techniques. Outdoor Propagation models. statistical models for multipath fading channels. types of small scale fading. UNIT II MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION 9 Free space propagation model. Gauss ion MSK. mobile radio systems. Small scale Multipath propagation. IS-95 and DECT TOTAL : 45 . parameters of Mobile multipath channels. UNIT III MODULATION TECHNIQUES AND EQUALIZATION 9 Modulation Techniques: Minimum Shift Keying. GSM. Impulse model. UNIT V WIRELESS SYSTEMS AND STANDARDS 9 Second Generation and Third Generation Wireless Networks and Standards. hand off. Algorithms for Adaptive Equalization. Non-linear Equalization.EC1451 MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS 3 0 0 100 UNIT I CELLULAR CONCEPT AND SYSTEM DESIGN FUNDAMENTALS 9 Introduction to wireless communication: Evolution of mobile communications. trends in cellular radio and personal communications. RS codes for CDPD. Equalization: Survey of Equalization Techniques. RAKE receiver. Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA. channel assignment. scattering. SDMA. reflection.Examples. tracking and grade of service. CDMA. Improving Coverage and capacity in Cellular systems. WLL. UNIT IV CODING AND MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES 9 Coding: Vocoders. GSM Codec. AMPS. Linear Equalization. diffraction. Selection of Speech Coders for Mobile Communication. Interference and system capacity. Capacity of Cellular CDMA and SDMA. Cellular Concept: Frequency reuse. M-ary FSK. Indoor propagation models.
Second Edition. 2003. T. "Mobile Communications Engineering: Theory and applications. REFERENCES 1. W. Second Edition. 2.TEXT BOOK 1. Blake. Digital Modulation and Coding . Wilson.Lee. Stephen G. Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice.C. Thomson Delmar. Pearson Education/ Prentice Hall of India.Y. 1998.S. 2003.Rappaport. 3. McGraw-Hill International. Wireless Communication Technology . R. Pearson Education. . Third Indian Reprint 2003.
UNIT II MONOCHROME TELEVISION TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER 9 TV transmitter TV signal propagation Interference TV transmission Antennas Monochrome TV receiver RF tuner UHF.Sync separation typical sync processing circuits.PAL coder PalDecolour receiver. Compositionvertical sync.Three colour theory.limitations of NTSC system PAL colour TV system cancellation of phase errors.AFT-IF subsystems .colour burst separation Burst phase Discriminator ACC amplifier.Video and sound inter carrier detection.grey scale tracking colour signal transmission. hue and saturationcolour television cameras.composite video signal-video signal dimension.DC re-insertion .purity and static and dynamic convergence adjustmentspincushion correction techniques.Image Continuity .NTSC colour receiver. . UNIT IV COLOUR TELEVISION SYSTEMS: 10 NTSC colour TV system.Number of scanning lines Interlaced scanning .vidiconplumbicon-silicon diode array vidicon-solid state image scanners. UNIT III ESSENTIALS OF COLOUR TELEVISION 8 Compatibility colour perception.Picture resolution .AGC Noise cancellation. Picture signal transmission positive and negative modulation VSB transmission sound signal transmission standard channel bandwidth.Video amplifier circuits.Image orthicon .Camera tubes.Colour signal matrixing merits and demerits of the PAL system SECAM system merits and demerits of SECAM system.modulation of colour difference signals weighting factors.Line Deflection circuits EHT generation Receiver Antennas.Ident and colour killer circuits.Formation of chrominance signal.purity and convergence.automatic degaussing circuit.luminance.U and V demodulators.Deflection current waveform Deflection Oscillators Frame deflection circuits requirements.PAL D colour system.values of luminance and colour difference signals.EC1011 TELEVISION AND VIDEO ENGINEERING 3 0 0 100 UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION 8 Geometry form and Aspect Ratio .delta gun-precision in-line and Trinitron colour picture tubes.vision IF subsystem.bandwidth.Reference Oscillator. Details functions of vertical pulse train scanning sequence details.Digital tuning techniques.video amplifiers requirements and configurations .horizontal sync.separation of U and V signals.chromo signal amplifier.monochrome picture tubes.colour television display tubes. VHF tuner.
New age International Publishes. 2003.Tele Text broadcast receiver digital television Transmission and reception. TMH. .II.R. Colour Television.P. Monochrome Television Practice.III and IV) REFERENCES 1. 2004 (Unit I. A. S.M Dhake.UNIT V ADVANCED TELEVISION SYSTEMS 10 Satellite TV technology. 2003 (Unit I.Bali. Second edition. Principles. Second edition. New age Internationl Publisher. TMH. 1994 2.projection Television Flat panel display TV receiver Sterio sound in TV 3D TV EDTV Digital equipments for TV studios. Theory and Practice . TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1.R.Gulati Monochrome and colour television . R.Cable TV VCR. 2. Television and Video Engineerign .Gulati. Technology and servcing .Video Disc recording and playback.IV and V) R.
Core and Cladding losses. UNIT III FIBER OPTICAL SOURCES AND COUPLING 9 Direct and indirect Band gap materials-LED structures Light source materials Quantum efficiency and LED power. Signal distortion in SM fibersPolarization Mode dispersion. .Power Launching and coupling. Error Sources Receiver Configuration Probability of Error Quantum Limit. Fiber amplifiers. SNR. UNIT V DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM 9 Point-to-Point links System considerations Link Power budget Rise . Detector Response time.time budget Noise Effects on System Performance-Operational Principles of WDM.Element of an Optical Fiber Transmission link. UNIT IV FIBER OPTICAL RECEIVERS 9 PIN and APD diodes Photo detector noise. UNIT II SIGNAL DEGRADATION OPTICAL FIBERS 9 Attenuation Absorption losses.Fibre joints. Temperature effects. Introduction to Quantum laser. Basic on concepts of SONET/SDH Network. TOTAL : 45 . Solitons-Erbiumdoped Amplifiers.Ray Optics-Optical Fiber Modes and Configurations Mode theory of Circular Wave guidesOverview of Modes-Key Modal concepts. Pulse Broadening in GI fibersMode Coupling Design Optimization of SM fibers-RI profile and cut-off wavelength. Modulation of a LED.Linearly Polarized Modes Single Mode FibersGraded Index fiber structure. Intermodal dispersion. Wave guide Dispersion. Bending Losses. Signal Distortion in Optical Wave guides-Information Capacity determination Group Delay-Material Dispersion.EC1402 UNIT I OPTICAL COMMUNICATION INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS 3 0 0 100 9 Evolution of fiber optic system. Avalanche Multiplication Noise Comparison of Photo detectors Fundamental Receiver Operation preamplifiers. Scattering losses. Fibre to. Lencing schemes. lasers Diodes-Modes and Threshold condition Rate equations External Quantum efficiency Resonant frequencies Laser Diodes. Fibre splicing.
2. Optical Communication. . 1994. Prentice Hall of India. 3rd ed. J.Gower.Senior. 2001. Principles and Practice . McGraw Hill International.. Prentice Hall of India.TEXT BOOK 1. J. Optical Communication System . 2000 REFERENCES 1. Optical Fiber Communication Singapore. Gerd Keiser.