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Interpersonal Relationships


Increasing Interpersonal Success Through

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Understand of the nature of relationships. Understand how strong interpersonal skills will magnify your personal power Explore your interpersonal behaviours Analyze various communication styles and recognizing your own Provide strategies for effectively interacting with communication styles different from yours Build skills in conflict prevention and management, and Consider behavioural standards that guide relationships

Ms. Desai

Ms. Patel and Ms. Desai are Science teachers in a High School. Ms. Patel would leave most of the departmental duties for Ms Desai to perform. Ms. Patel usually criticize her teaching style and her ideas in the departmental meetings. Ms. Desai & Ms. Patel have been in charge of the entry for the National Science Fair for the past 3 years. Ms Desai receives no help from Ms. Patel and very limited help from the other science teachers. When the school won the award last year for most outstanding amateur alternative heating source, Ms. Patel, took all the accolades without acknowledging Ms Desai’ hard work. Ms. Patel is now head of the Science Department and she is now even more critical and insulting. Ms Desai felt slighted as she is


Think of two persons:
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Successful Not so successful Working in same company or family

What the difference in their behavior and approach towards people? What makes them different?

Dealing with interpersonal relationships is a complex subject The interpersonal relationships between students and teachers, teachers and other teachers, teachers and administrators, school staff personnel, parents, and community members are vital for creating a positive successful learning environment for all students.

No matter how hard you work or how many brilliant ideas you may have, if you can’t connect with the people who work around you, your professional life will suffer.

Team work is crucial!

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Research indicates skills essential for effective teamwork are: communicating and relating effectively, empathy and respect for the feelings and views of others, accurate self-evaluation of performance and relationships, and conflict management using active listening skills and empathy.

What is Interpersonal Relationship (IR)?

Interpersonal Relationships

social associations affiliations between two or more people


Interpersonal Relationships vary in differing levels of intimacy and sharing, implying the discovery or establishment of common ground, and may be centered around something(s) shared in common.

We define types of interpersonal relationships in terms of relational contexts of interaction and the types of expectations that communicators have of one another to participate in positive, caring, and respectful relationships.

Six success elements in Relationships
 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 

It takes a combination of Self-awareness, Self confidence, Positive personal impact, Outstanding performance, Communication skills and Interpersonal competence to succeed in your career and life.

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Becoming self-aware is the first step to improving our interpersonal effectiveness. Most of our behaviours are natural for us. We aren't aware of the impact these behaviours have on others. That leaves us with "blind spots" that others don't want to mention to us because they don't want to hurt our feelings, they are afraid of a reaction from us, or they just don't care. Through self-awareness we learn what impact our behaviours - both positive and negative have on others.  That knowledge helps us become more effective in our interactions with others.

Once we become self-aware we can examine and change behaviours that need changing. The option is our own. So are the consequences. When we choose to seek ways to modify our undesirable behaviours we begin the process of self-regulation. This is a conscious process through which we may ask for input from our family, trusted coworkers or friends, or a professional therapist.  


SELFCONFIDENCE: Sureness about one’s self-worth and capabilities

Positive Personal Impact

Do you know how other peoples see you? When you leave a meeting or end a conversation, what impression do you leave behind? What picture do other people have of you? How do you think they perceive you? We impact on others through our opinions, the amount we contribute, the sound of our voice, the effect of our silence, the expressions we use. Personal impact is about other things apart from your looks of course. Improving your posture, knowing how to shake hands properly, having good manners, not fidgeting and controlling your nerves in meetings,

Outstanding performance

What ever you do it to the best of your ability. “DO it with thy MIGHT!” (MICO’s Motto)

Communication skills

Interpersonal communication can mean the ability to relate to people in written as well as verbal communication.  This type of communication can occur in both a one-on-one and a group setting.  This also means being able to handle different people in different situations, and making people feel at ease. 

Communication skills
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active listening, giving and receiving criticism, dealing with different personality types, and nonverbal communication.

3-Factor Model of interpersonal competence
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Interpersonally competent people: are self aware. They use this awareness to better understand others and to adapt their behaviour accordingly. build and nurture strong, lasting, mutually beneficial relationships. resolve conflict in a positive manner. (Bilanich)

What are Interpersonal Skills?

A set of behaviours which allow you to communicate effectively and unambiguously in a face-toface setting They can also be thought of as behaviours which assist progress towards achieving an objective

Interpersonal relationship skills help us to relate in positive ways with our family members, colleagues and others. This may mean being able to make and keep friendly relationships as well as being able to end relationships constructively

Six interpersonal skills

2. 3. 4.

5. 6. 7.

There are just six interpersonal skills which form a process that is applicable to all situations: Analyzing the situation Establishing a realistic objective Selecting appropriate ways of behaving Controlling your behaviour Shaping other people's behaviour Monitoring our own and others' behaviour

Applicability of Interpersonal Skills
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Analyzing the situation helps us to set realistic objectives Establishing objectives, in turn, provides the context in which to make choices about how best to behave By being conscious of our own behaviour in working towards the achievement of objectives we are more likely to influence other people’s behaviour Constant monitoring will provide the feedback we need to make situation-dependent adjustments

Good interpersonal skills

Interpersonal competence

Five dimensions of interpersonal competence

1. Initiating relationships. 2. Self-disclosure. 3. Providing emotional support. 4. Asserting displeasure with others' actions.* 5. Managing interpersonal conflicts.*

Barriers to Communication

Physical or environmental barrier Language barrier Personal or socio psychological barrier

Tactful Conversations
T = Think before you speak A = Apologize quickly when you blunder C = Converse, don’t compete T = Time your comments F = Focus on behavior – not personality U = Uncover hidden feelings

Interpersonal Communications



Most people want to be understood and accepted more than anything else in the world. Knowing this is the first step toward good communication. Good communication has two basic components: You listen to and acknowledge other people's thoughts and feelings: Rather than showing that you only care about broadcasting your feelings and insisting that others agree with you, you encourage others to express what they are thinking and feeling. You listen and try to understand. You express your own thoughts and feelings openly and directly: If you only listen to what

Communication Styles

There are four styles of communication:
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passive aggressive passive-aggressive assertive

Passive communication involves the inability or unwillingness to express thoughts and feelings. Passive people will do something they don't want to do or make up an excuse rather than say how they feel. The aggressive style of communication involves overreaction, blaming and criticizing. Aggressive people try to get their way through bullying, intimidating or even physical violence. They do not or will not consider the rights of others.

Passive-aggressive is a combination of the first two styles - they avoid confrontations (passive), but will be manipulative to get what they want (aggressive). Passive-aggressive people will sometimes use facial expressions that don't match how they feel, i.e. smiling when angry. Assertive behaviour involves standing up for oneself. Assertive people will say what they think and stand up for their beliefs without hurting others.

Assertiveness vs Aggressiveness

Assertiveness, or confrontation, means taking the initiative or first steps to deal with a problem in a constructive, selfprotective manner. Assertiveness attacks the problem, not the person. Aggressiveness attacks the other person rather than the problem. It is a destructive desire to dominate another person or to force a position or viewpoint on another person; it starts fights or quarrels.

Coping with some communication differences

Aggressive Communicator: Get to the point right away. Speak directly and clearly. Since aggressive types can be brutally honest and sometimes inconsiderate, it is important to take what they say with a grain of salt. Usually their criticism and confrontational matter isn't meant to be taken personally.

Passive Communicator: It can be particularly frustrating to talk to a passive communicator because they may seem to not have any opinion of their own. Though it may be frustrating, avoid being pushy or confrontational. Passive communicators just need time to feel comfortable with others.

Passive-Aggressive Communicator: Just as passive-aggressive communicators are a combination of two styles, an approach to them must be a combination as well. Recognize that talking to them might be frustrating like with the passive communicator (since they avoid conflict), but it also important to not take anything they say or do personally (like with the aggressive types), because it may conflict with what they say.

Many causes of conflict arise due to miscommunication. Once you understand your own communication style pitfalls, you can correct them and communicate more effectively. Remember “Aggression breeds Aggression”!

What is Conflict?

Conflict occurs in situations in which there is opposition. Opposition occurs when a solution cannot be found in a disagreement. Conflict is a disagreement through which the parties involved perceive a threat to their needs, well-being, interests or concerns. Perceive a threat can be physical, emotional, power, status, intellectual, etc.

Conflict Resolution

Conflict resolution involves identifying areas of agreement and areas of compromise so that a solution to the disagreement or conflict occurs.

How do I handle/prevent/redu ce conflicts?

There are five methods to handle conflict: Running away  Being obliging to the other party  Defeating the other party  Winning a little/ losing a little  Co-operating

Resolving conflict is an art of communication

Use interpersonal communication skills

Interpersonal Communication skills
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I-statements help you express the way you feel and what you want with great clarity. Sometimes people use "you" statements, such as "You never collect the registers on time and then we have to leave school late in the evenings waiting on you!" This type of statement can make others feel angry and defensive immediately. When you use I-statements, such as, "I really need to get the registers before 1:00pm so that I can complete the attendance sheet so that I can leave school at dismissal time." you express your the concern in terms of you. A respectful tone of voice conveys that you are taking others seriously and that you also expect to be taken seriously. In addition, people with good communication skills are assertive without being aggressive or manipulative.

Interpersonal Communication skills

Eye contact is vital for good communication. For example, how would you feel if the person you were talking to kept looking around the corridor or out the window? Appropriate body language encourages conversation. Nodding your head, smiling, laughing, using words such as "uh-huh" and "yeah" and asking questions at appropriate times assure the person that you are really listening. Clear, organized ideas help you accurately and honestly describe your feelings and contribute to conversations and to decisions that need to be made. Good communicators are also specific. For example, a good communicator would say, "I need to use the

Tips for resolving conflicts
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Make sure that you remain calm at all times. Speak with a non-provoking tone of voice; quietly, slowly, and calmly. Listen to the other person carefully without interrupting them. Respect the other person when voicing your own opinion or point of view. Let the other person know that you understand them fully by asking questions pertaining to his or her understanding and repeating what the person is saying. Use humour if possible.

Tips for resolving conflicts
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Try placing yourself in the other person's shoes. Try not to be judgmental. Do not do anything to embarrass the other person. Do not accuse the other person of anything. Also, do not punish or scold them. Do not stand close to them. Stand a few feet away from them. Make sure that your posture, body language, and tone of voice is non-threatening. Do not talk with the other person in front of a group of people. Go into an office or some other place to discuss the situation. (Caution: Do not go into place that will prevent you from

Tips for resolving conflicts
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Make sure that what you say is simple, clear and direct. Do not take anything the other person says personally when he or she is angry, because they probably do not mean it. Make sure that you are not alone just in case the other person becomes very hostile. If you are having a heated argument with another person, save your feelings and opinions for another time and place. Do not rush. Let the other person know that you do not want to fight, but that you want to resolve the situation in a friendly manner. Make sure that you apologize for anything you may have said or done to offend them

Remember Ms Desai!

She should use interpersonal communications skills and show her interpersonal competence! Ms. Patel should receive interpersonal relationship building skills!

A Matter of Attitude
Go For It Confidence Let’s Both Win

Let’s Trade Run Away Yes Boss


Building Relationship

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Become genuinely interested in other people Call people by their names Talk in terms of the other person’s interest Smile Listen

You Should
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Become aware of your communication style Improve your Interpersonal competence Reduced conflict in the workplace Increase productivity!