GEARS

Wärtsilä marine reduction gears

The cruise ferry Finnmarken is equipped with two Wärtsilä TCH 150V85-S50 gears.

The RoPax vessel Yamato is equipped with two Wärtsilä SH116-P67 gears.

The product carrier Sten Idun is equipped with one Wärtsilä SCV116-SDCT65 gear.

The general cargo vessel Arklow Wave is equipped with one Wärtsilä SV85-P53 gear.

Wärtsilä marine reduction gears
The marine reduction gear is a key element of the propulsion system, enabling the main engine and the propeller to operate at optimum speeds. Other functions such as a propeller thrust bearing, multiple-disc clutches, power take-off for shaft generators and power take-in for electric motors can also be incorporated in the gear. WÄRTSILÄ® gears are of modular design, simple, reliable and yet compact for easy installation and maintenance. Wärtsilä gears are available in three standard models: single reduction gears with vertical or horizontal offsets, and twin input-single output gears in the power range 1500-35,000 kW.

Wärtsilä gear types and designations:
S T C V H a P S b
Single marine reduction gears Twin input-single output marine gears Multiple-disc clutch Vertical offset between input and output shafts Horizontal offset between input and output shafts Offset between input and output shafts (cm) Primary driven PTO Secondary driven PTO Offset between input and PTO shafts (cm)

Example 1: SCV105-P63
Single reduction gear with clutch, vertical offset 1050 mm, including a primary driven PTO with offset 630 mm.

Standard shaft offset for Wärtsilä gears
Single marine gears (mm offset between input and output shafts) 380 420 460 500 560 620 680 750 850 950 1050 1100 1160 1280 1420 Twin input-single output gears (mm offset between engine crankshafts) 1900 2400 2500 2700 2900 3000 3200 3300 3400 3500 3700 3800

Example 2: SCH95-P58
Single reduction gears with clutch, horizontal offset 950 mm, including a primary driven PTO with offset 580 mm.

Example 3: TCH350-S53
Twin input-single output gear with clutch, horizontal offset 3500 mm between engine crankshafts, including a secondary driven PTO with offset 530 mm.

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Design features of Wärtsilä gears
Gear wheels
The gear wheels have single helical teeth, precision ground with profile correction to ensure both good load distribution and low noise operation. The material is alloyed gas carbonized steel. Double helical gear wheels are also available.

Housing
The housing is made of cast iron or fabricated steel in order to make a rigid structure. Extensive FEM calculations ensure limited deformation and low stress levels. Special attention has been paid to minimizing noise and vibration.
Single reduction marine gear Type SVa and SHa Single reduction marine gear with PTO Type SVa-Pb and SHa-Pb

Bearings
For gear sizes 38-56, plain bearings are used on the output shaft. Otherwise low friction bearings are used. For gear size 62 and larger, plain bearings are used on both pinion and output shaft. The main thrust bearing is a tilting pad bearing and is rigidly supported. Otherwise low friction bearings are used.

Hydraulic system
The hydraulic system is designed for lubrication, cooling and clutch control. All bearings are forced lubricated, the gear meshes have additional sprays for cooling and lubrication. The oil filters are designed for full flow and with a high degree of filtration.

Single reduction marine gear with clutch Type SCVa and SCHa

Single reduction marine gear with clutch and PTO Type SCVa-Pb and SCHa-Pb

Clutches
The clutches are high capacity multiple-disc, hydraulically operated and cooled. All clutches have a soft clutch in system, ensuring shock free engagement of main engine.

Shafts
The pinion shaft is made of forged alloyed steel. Other shafts are forged carbon steel. The output shaft has an integrated forged flange. The input and PTO shaft ends are cylindrical with keyways.

Single reduction marine gear with clutch, PTO/PTI and mechanical coupling Type SCVa-PDMb and SCHa-PDMb

Single reduction marine gear with clutch and two speed PTO/PTI Type SCVa-PDCTb

Shaft seals
All shaft seals are non-contact labyrinth seals and maintenance free.

Twin input-single output gear with clutch and primary driven PTO Type TCHa-Pb

Wärtsilä gears standard options. 3

Wärtsilä reduction gears – Output range
142 128 116 110 105 95 85 75 68 62 56 50 46 42 38

Wärtsilä TCH gear range of twin input-single output gears
Gear size TCH190 TCH240 TCH250 TCH270 TCH290 TCH300 TCH320 TCH330 TCH340 TCH350 TCH370 TCH380 Engine crankshaft offset (mm)* 1 900 2 400 2 500 2 700 2 900 3 000 3 200 3 300 3 400 3 500 3 700 3 800

Single reduction gears – vertical offset SCV Single reduction gears – vertical offset SV, SCV Single reduction gears – horizontal offset SH, SCH

* For the TCH type of gears the main parameter is the required horizontal offset between engine crankshafts. However, also the engine power and speed, and propeller speed are dimentioning parameters.

Power take-off (PTO)
All Wärtsilä gears can be supplied with one or more PTOs for driving any rotating device such as shaft alternator, pump and compressor. For single gears, the standard PTO is primary driven. For twin input-single output gears, the PTO is either primary or secondary driven. n A primary driven PTO rotates whenever the main engine is rotating. n A secondary driven PTO rotates whenever the propeller shaft is rotating. Some PTOs can also be supplied with clutch (controllable PTO).
PTI “take me home” mode. For this mode one clutch

or mechanical coupling is needed to isolate the main engine from the gear. In addition a “PTI” clutch is needed to accelerate the propeller from zero to nominal speed. To save electrical power, a two speed PTO/PTI is frequently used for this mode.
PTI combination of “booster” and “take me home” modes. For this mode the propulsion system must be

dimensioned for the total power, and the gear must have two clutches.

Power take-in (PTI)
Most Wärtsilä gears can be supplied with a combined PTO/PTI or with just a PTI. In PTO mode with a combined PTO/PTI, the shaft alternator is driven by the PTO as it feeds electric power to the main switchboard (MSB). In PTI mode, the shaft alternator acts as an electric motor fed by electric power from the MSB.
The PTI may have different functional modes: PTI “booster” mode. In this mode the PTI operates in

Integrated hydraulic system for gear and CP propeller
Wärtsilä gears sizes 50-95 in their vertical or horizontal versions are also available with integrated hydraulic system for gear and CP propeller. This reduces the time needed and simplifies installation for the yards. For safety reasons, the main pump for the CP propeller is always gear driven with an integrated system. All Wärtsilä gears can of course also be interfaced to a separate hydraulic power unit.

parallel with the main engine. No clutch is required on the gear, but the propulsion system (gear, shafting and CPP) must be dimensioned for the total power of the main engine and the electric motor.
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Special gears
Special gears are available on request. Typical examples of special gears are shown on the next page.

Gears for double ended ferry with DnV redundancy class RPS.

Gear type TCH125H50V57. Using of three clutches on each gear, and a shaft connecting the number 3 clutches, the following operation modes are possible:
n Forward engine can drive forward, aft or both propellers. n Aft engine can drive forward, aft or both propellers. n Both engines can drive forward, aft or both propellers.

Gear type TCH150V85-S55. Twin input-single output gear with one engine in forward engine room and one engine in aft engine room. Combined shaft generator and electric motor for slow steaming.

Gear type SV65H66-P53 (vertical and horizontal offset gear).

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SV/SCV

SH/SCH
Cross section of a SCVa-Pb gear.

TCH

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SV/SCV Size SCV38 SCV42 SCV46 SCV50 SCV56 SCV62 SCV68 SCV75 SCV85 SCV95 SCV105 SCV110 SCV116 SCV128 SCV142 SH/SCH Size SCH50 SCH56 SCH62 SCH68 SCH75 SCH85 SCH95 SCH105 SCH110 SCH116 SCH128 SCH142 TCH Size TCH190 TCH240 TCH250 TCH270 TCH290 TCH300 TCH320 TCH330 TCH340 TCH350 TCH370 TCH380

A 380 420 460 500 560 620 680 750 850 950 1050 1010 1160 1280 1420 A 500 560 620 680 750 850 950 1050 1100 1160 1280 1420

B Std-Max 290 320 350 380 410 440-470 460-510 480-530 510-560 580-630 630 650 650 800 1000 B 450 470 470 510 530 580 580 630 670 670 740 820 C 15 15 0 0 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 20

C 1305 1435 1570 1724 1848 2210 2370 2460 2720 3025 3302 3025 3525 3970 4520 D 200 200 100 100 280 320 450 500 500 550 590 620

D 115 125 140 150 160 180 200 220 250 280 300 65 150 275 305 E 400 400 600 700 885 1000 750 771 810 850 1550 1720

E 465 510 560 590 645 740 800 880 1000 1145 1265 1150 1400 1536 1704 F 1350 1610 1980 2000 2230 2495 2710 2995 3150 3300 3640 4040

F 1000 1500 1580 1340 1500 1580 1720 1850 2100 2350 2600 2600 2580 3160 3505 G 600 650 820 840 1220 1440 1520 1658 1850 2240 1960 2180

G 750 830 910 1024 1110 1240 1360 1480 1680 1880 2100 2140 2300 2645 2645 H 880 940 1000 650 865 970 2250 2195 2320 2500 2675 2970

H 530 585 640 720 800 880 960 1040 1178 1327 1487 1822 1800 1815 2012 I 450 500 505 515 735 830 830 910 950 1015 1090 1380

J 340 530 570 470 530 570 625 660 730 800 880 1405 1535 1700 1885 J 470 530 570 570 660 730 1215 1405 1450 1535 1600 1700 K 820 910 1005 1095 1115 1245 1420 1545 1630 1715 1870 2240

L 490 545 595 592 650 662 720 800 915 1025 1125 550 765 840 928 L 400 435 680 730 800 915 540 560 610 725

N 230 255 280 420 450 350 370 450 550 450 500 1100 885 900 910 N 380 400 445 500 515 550 700 750 790 830 915 1015

O SCV/SV 650 715 785 1035 1100 1150 1250 1300/1095 1470/1220 1640/1350 1700/1400 1615 1800/1025 2270/1120 2270/1320 O SCH/SH 1035 1045 1245 1245 1670 1800 1640 1510/1700 1750 1800/1100 1915 2100

A 1900 2400 2500 2700 2900 3000 3200 3300 3400 3500 3700 3800

B 460 490 530 630 630 630 760 650 760 850 880 960

C 10 20 12.5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

D 320 450 450 500 500 500 640 635 650 700 700 760

E 980 1315 1400 1450 1550 1550 1660 1700 1760 1855 1855 2015

F 2750 3580 3700 4030 4230 4330 4900 4400 4850 5370 5565 5800

G 890 1455 1150 1300 1400 1400 1490 1600 1600 1630 1645 1760

J 555 730 800 880 880 880 1160 1265 1270 1270 1270 1380

M 2300 3135 3230 3300 3530 3630 4020 4000 4200 4380 4580 4770

N 360 570 570 630 630 1000 720 875 790 790 880 860

O 995 1220 1290 1570 1570 1570 1960 1800 2050 2140 2140 2300

Wärtsilä Propulsion Norway A/S
N-5420 Rubbestadneset Norway Tel: +47 53 42 2200 Fax: +47 53 42 2201

Wärtsilä Propulsion Netherlands B.V.
Lipsstraat 52, P.O. Box 6 5150 BB Drunen The Netherlands Tel: +31 416 388115 Fax: +31 416 373162

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Wärtsilä enhances the business of its customers by providing them with complete lifecycle power solutions. When creating better and environmentally compatible technologies, Wärtsilä focuses on providing engines, related products and solutions as well as services for the shipping and power generation markets. Through innovative products and services, Wärtsilä sets out to be the most valued business partner of every customer. This will be achieved by the dedication of more than 12,000 professionals manning 130 Wärtsilä offices in more than 60 countries around the world. For more information visit www.wartsila.com

WÄRTSILÄ® is a registered trademark. Copyright © 2005 Wärtsilä Corporation.

12.2005 / Bock´s Office / Litoset

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